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2013 Thanks to A. G. W. M.

www.lewisbush.com


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3 ‘Work Primer’

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‘To displease the possessors means to become one of the dispossessed. To renounce payment for work may be the equivalent of giving up the work, and to decline fame when it is offered by the mighty may mean to decline it forever. This takes courage.’ - BB ‘To displease the possessors means to become one of the dispossessed. To renounce payment for work may be the equivalent of giving up the work, and to decline fame when it is offered by the mighty may mean to decline it forever. This takes courage.’ - BB ‘To displease the possessors means to become one of the dispossessed. To renounce payment for work may be the equivalent of giving up the work, and to decline fame when it is offered by the mighty may mean to decline it forever. This takes courage.’ - BB


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the bad new ones ‘To displease the possessors means to become one of the dispossessed. To renounce payment for work may be the equivalent of giving up the work, and to decline fame when it is offered by the mighty may mean to decline it forever. This takes courage.’ - BB


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Notes 1. A worker in the steel town of Magnitogorsk, a community dependent on a single industry. Max Sher http://www.telegrap h.co.uk/ sponsored/rbth/bus iness /7326357/Russiancar-business-AvtoVA Z-employees-andfamilies-offered-a-fr esh-start.html 2. http://www.sodahea d.com/living /the-buckethat-makes-a-comeba ck-hot-or-not/quest ion3588335/?page=2 3. Labourers work at the construction site of a commercial complex in the eastern Indian city of Bhubaneswar May 19, 2011. The infrastructure sector accounts for just over a quarter of India’s industrial output. REUTERS/ Stringer http://news.nationa lpost.com/photo_ gallery/photos-of-th e-day-may-19-2011/ 4. Child labourers carrying bricks http:// fightslaverynow.wor dpress.com/why-figh tthere-are-27-million -reasons /labortrafficking / products-of-slave-la bor/manufactured-g oods / 5. Child labour in a printing workshop http://www.flickr.co m/photos / nationaalarchief/589 6773169/ 6. Adam Broomberg and Oliver Chanarin win Deutsche Borse Photography Prize 2013 http://www.youtube .com/ watch?v=KsdFmxsth E8 7. Sleeping beauties of China http://


1. myjungleblog.com/c hinese-businessetiquette-101-sleepi ng 2. Slave Labourers in Indian Stone Quarries http://www.lavafilm .com/en/slave-labou rersin-indian-stone-quar ries / 3. Moving bricks http://funnypiclub.b logspot. co.uk/ 4. A rescuer looks out from an access hole cut into the rubble of a collapsed garment factory. Kevin Frayer/AP http://www.thetime s.co.uk/ tto /news /world/asia/article3 750757.ece 5. Bangladesh garment factory collapse kills hundreds http://gmiah.hubpa ges.com/hub / Savar-Tragedy-in-Ba ngladesh-Pictures 6. A worker assembles Apple iphones http:// www.neogaf.com/fo rum/showthread. php?t=446545&page =35 7. Image pruporting to show a Foxconn worker preparing to jump from a dormitory building. Chengdu police http://www.dailyma il.co.uk/ news /article-2159457/Ap ple-faces-freshquestions-apparent- suicide-worker-Chine seiPad-iPhone-supplier -Foxconn.html Foxconn employee jumps to death in southwest China. iFeng.com http://www.nydailyn ews.com/ news /world/foxconn-emp loyee-jumps-deathsouthwest-china-art icle-1.1095686 8. Anti-suicide nets outside a Foxconn dormitory, Getty images. http://www.sott. net/article /228090-You-are-NOT-allowed-


to-commit-suicide-Workers-in-Chinese-iPadfactories-forced-to-s ign-pledges 9. Garbage pickers in Manilla, Photo: APHEDA http://fairforall.org /2011/01/21/aid-fo rgarbage-pickers-in-m anila/ 10. Traders at the Frankfurt stock exchange. Alex Kraus /Bloomberg News http://dealbook. nytimes.com/2012/0 1/17/europe-leanstoward-blocking-nys e-deutsche-borse-m erger/ 11. A shanty town in Lima, Peru. http:// flamblogger.blogspo t.co.uk/2010/12/byspecial-request.html 12. Workers are transported atop a truck after finishing work at a construction site in capital Naypyitaw January 24, 2012 REUTERS/Damir Sagolj http://www.reuters. com/article /slides how?articleId=USTR E80O2KN20120125& slide =1#a=1 13. Foxconn workers look out from a company sign http://blogs.reuters .com/greatdebate /2012/02/22/the-bo ok-of-steve-jobsapple / 14. Foxconn explosion ignites conversation on corporate responsibility (stock photo) http://www.edn.com /electronics-blogs / other/4368150/Foxc onn-explosion-ignite sconversation-on-cor porate-responsibility 15. The parents of Lai Xiaodong, a Foxconn worker who was killed in a


myjungleblog.com/c hinese-businessetiquette-101-sleepi ng 8. Slave Labourers in Indian Stone Quarries http://www.lavafilm .com/en/slave-labou rersin-indian-stone-quar ries / 9. Moving bricks http://funnypiclub.b logspot. co.uk/ 10. A rescuer looks out from an access hole cut into the rubble of a collapsed garment factory. Kevin Frayer/AP http://www.thetime s.co.uk/ tto /news /world/asia/article3 750757.ece 11. Bangladesh garment factory collapse kills hundreds http://gmiah.hubpa ges.com/hub / Savar-Tragedy-in-Ba ngladesh-Pictures 12. A worker assembles Apple iphones http:// www.neogaf.com/fo rum/showthread. php?t=446545&page =35 13. Image pruporting to show a Foxconn worker preparing to jump from a dormitory building. Chengdu police http://www. dailymail.co.uk/new s /article-2159457/ Apple-faces-fresh-qu estions-apparentsuicide-worker-Chine se-iPad-iPhone-supp lierFoxconn.html Foxconn employee jumps to death in southwest China. iFeng.com http:// www.nydailynews.co m/news /world/foxconnemployee-jumps-dea th-southwest-chinaarticle-1.1095686 14.

Anti-suicide nets outside a Foxconn


dormitory, Getty images. http://www.sott. net/article /228090-You-are-NOT-allowedto-commit-suicide-Workers-in-Chinese-iPadfactories-forced-to-s ign-pledges 15. Garbage pickers in Manilla, Photo: APHEDA http://fairforall.org /2011/01/21/aid-fo rgarbage-pickers-in-m anila/ 16. Traders at the Frankfurt stock exchange. Alex Kraus /Bloomberg News http://dealbook. nytimes.com/2012/0 1/17/europe-leanstoward-blocking-nys e-deutsche-borse-m erger/ 17. A shanty town in Lima, Peru. http:// flamblogger.blogspo t.co.uk/2010/12/byspecial-request.html 18. Workers are transported atop a truck after finishing work at a construction site in capital Naypyitaw January 24, 2012 REUTERS/Damir Sagolj http://www.reuters. com/article /slides how?articleId=USTR E80O2KN20120125& slide =1#a=1 19. Foxconn workers look out from a company sign http://blogs.reuters .com/greatdebate /2012/02/22/the-bo ok-of-steve-jobsapple / 20. Foxconn explosion ignites conversation on corporate responsibility (stock photo) http://www.edn.com /electronics-blogs / other/4368150/Foxc onn-explosion-ignite sconversation-on-cor porate-responsibility 21.

The parents of Lai Xiaodong, a


1. Foxconn worker who was killed in a factory explosion, hold a photo of their son, in Xinsheng township, China. Photos by Ryan Pyle / New York Times News Service http://www.bendbul letin.com/ apps /pbcs.dll/article?AID =/20120129/ NEWS0107/2012903 21/0/ NEWS01&template= print 2. Jean Léon Gérôme, The Gladiators - 1878 http://sabercultural .com/template /galeria/ Galeria13.html 3. Baghdad’s victory arch under construction http://www.tumblr.c om/tagged/victory% 20 arch 4. The Empire State building under construction http://twistedsifter. com/2012/06/vinta gephotos-of-the-empir e-state-building-und erconstruction/ 5. Sweatshop workers http://ethicalfootpri nt. wordpress.com/cate gory/individual/ 6. Delegates at the 2012 G20 conference of leading economies in Los Cabos, Mexico http://www.news.co m.au/nationalnews /queensland/brisban e-set-tohost-g20-conference -in-2014/storyfndo4ckr-122642282 6373 7. http://waralbum.ru/ 7384/ 8. A young girl watches television inside a Sao Paulo favela. http://www.lonelypl anet.com/


brazil/sao-paulo /images /favela-paraisopoliss-o-paulo$713-14 9. Antilia is the 27 storey Mumbai home of Mukesh Ambani, chairman of Reliance Industries. It is reported to tbe most expensive home in the world, with an estimated worth of US$1 billion in a city where poverty is widespread. http://q8look.com/ index.php /page /6 10. Japanese pearl divers.http://www. perthnow.com.au/ja pans-mermaids-show their-skills /story-fn6cn0ft-122 5999468689 11. Foxconn employees wear shirts suggesting they love Foxconn http://news.theage. com. au/breaking-news-te chnology/foxconn-sa ysunderage-interns-fou nd-working-2010081 812fav.html 12. The Petrobras 36 oil platform, which following a series of explosions which killed ten workers sank in 2001 http://loupigaroupi. zip.net/arch2006-05 -14_2006-05-20.htm l 13. A boat packed with around 250 migrants crossing from Libya begins to sink off the coast of Italy. At least two drowned. http:// oglobo.globo.com/m undo /duas-mulheresmorrem-em-acidente -com-barco-deimigrantes-na-costa- da-italia-2796614 14. Hands damaged in work related accidents http://www.globalla bourrights.org / reports?id=0629 and http://www.


Foxconn worker who was killed in a factory explosion, hold a photo of their son, in Xinsheng township, China. Photos by Ryan Pyle / New York Times News Service http://www.bendbul letin.com/ apps /pbcs.dll/article?AID =/20120129/ NEWS0107/2012903 21/0/ NEWS01&template= print 22. Jean Léon Gérôme, The Gladiators - 1878 http://sabercultural .com/template /galeria/ Galeria13.html 23. Baghdad’s victory arch under construction http://www.tumblr.c om/tagged/victory% 20 arch 24. The Empire State building under construction http://twistedsifter. com/2012/06/vinta ge-photos-of-the-em pirestate-building-under -construction/ 25. Sweatshop workers http://ethicalfootpri nt. wordpress.com/cate gory/individual/ 26. Delegates at the 2012 G20 conference of leading economies in Los Cabos, Mexico http://www.news.co m.au/ national-news /queensland/brisban e-setto-host-g20-confere nce-in-2014/storyfndo4ckr-122642282 6373 27.

http://waralbum.ru/ 7384/

28. A young girl watches television inside a Sao Paulo favela. http://www.lonelypl anet.com/


brazil/sao-paulo /images /favela-paraisopoliss-o-paulo$713-14 29. Antilia is the 27 storey Mumbai home of Mukesh Ambani, chairman of Reliance Industries. It is reported to tbe most expensive home in the world, with an estimated worth of US$1 billion in a city where poverty is widespread. http://q8look.com/ index.php /page /6 30. Japanese pearl divers.http://www. perthnow.com.au/ja pans-mermaids-show their-skills /story-fn6cn0ft-122 5999468689 31. Foxconn employees wear shirts suggesting they love Foxconn http://news.theage. com. au/breaking-news-te chnology/foxconn-sa ysunderage-interns-fou nd-working-2010081 812fav.html 32. The Petrobras 36 oil platform, which following a series of explosions which killed ten workers sank in 2001 http://loupigaroupi. zip.net/arch2006-05 -14_2006-05-20.htm l 33. A boat packed with around 250 migrants crossing from Libya begins to sink off the coast of Italy. At least two drowned. http:// oglobo.globo.com/m undo /duas-mulheresmorrem-em-acidente -com-barco-deimigrantes-na-costa- da-italia-2796614 34. Hands damaged in work related accidents http://www.globalla bourrights. org /reports?id=0629 and http://www. globallabourrights.o rg /reports?id=0175


1. Chaingang street sweepers in Washington DC, 1909 https://en.wikipedia .org /wiki/Chain_ gang 2. Bulgarian directed railway construction in Macedonia during the Second World War using forced labour. http://lyudmilanton ov. blogspot.co.uk/2012 /06/bulgarian-railwa yconstruction-in.html 3. Children working in an Indian brick kiln, there are estimated to be fifty million child labourers in India alone. http://www.toptens things. com/2012/08/10-fa cts-that-should-chan gethe-world/

4. Fortress Europe’s busiest frontier is awash with illegal immigrants - despite mines, forest and razorwire http:// www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/ europe/greece/8181331/FortressEuropes-busiest-frontier-is-awash-withillegal-immigrants-despite-mines-forestand-razorwire.html 5. International day to end violence against sex workers http://www. womensviewsonnews.org/2010/12/ international-day-to-end-violenceagainst-sex-workers/ 6. 200 workers fall ill and forty are hospitalised as a result of squalid on


site catering at a construction site in Abu Dahbi http://www.arabianbusiness. com/hundreds-sick-in-food-poisoningoutbreak-in-labour-camp-390687.html 7. Egyptian soldiers arrest a female protester during clashes in Cairo’s Tahrir Square on Saturday. Reuters. http:// www.nbcnews.com /id/45713383/ ns/world_news-mideast_n_africa/t/ violence-flares-tahrir-square-afteregypts-army-tries-crush-protest/#. UcQWQ9jgx8E 8. Relatives mourn a victim at the site after an eight-story building housing several garment factories collapsed in Savar, near Dhaka, Bangladesh, Wednesday, April 24, 2013. Dozens were killed and many more are feared trapped in the rubble. A.M. Ahad, AP http://www.calgaryherald. com/mobile/news /top-stories/Owners+i gnored+evacuation+order+garment+fact ory+collapses/8294612/story.html 9. Shipbreakers at workhttp://www. globallabourrights.org/alerts?id=0157#2 10. Shipbreakers at work with boats in the background http://www.


A Worker Reads History By Bertolt Brecht translated by H.R Hays

Who built the seven gates of Thebes? The books are filled with names of kings. Was it kings who hauled the craggy blocks of stone? And Babylon, so many times destroyed, Who built the city up each time? In which of Lima’s houses, That city glittering with gold, lived those who built it? In the evening when the Chinese wall was finished Where did the masons go? Imperial Rome Is full of arcs of triumph. Who reared them up? Over whom Did the Caesars triumph? Byzantium lives in song, Were all her dwellings palaces? And even in Atlantis of the legend The night the sea rushed in, The drowning men still bellowed for their slaves. Young Alexander conquered India. He alone? Caesar beat the Gauls. Was there not even a cook in his army? Philip of Spain wept as his fleet Was sunk and destroyed. Were there no other tears? Frederick the Great triumphed in the Seven Years War. Who Triumphed with him?


Each page a victory, At whose expense the victory ball? Every ten years a great man, Who paid the piper? So many particulars. So many questions.


War Primer 3: Work Primer