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ROOTS

Mhyria Miller & Nami Kissalita


CONTENTS

Departments 1 Root’s Design Thesis 2 Designer’s page 3 Current design trends 6 Elements of Design 7 Line 13 Texture 20 Space 25 Shape and Form 36 Light 52 Color 62 Mass 66 Pattern 68 Principles of Design 69 Scale 72 Proportion 75 Balance 82 Rhythm 87 Emphasis 90 Harmony (Unity & Variety) 99 Space Planning/Furniture arrangement 108 Locations page


DESIGN THESIS

Roots is a magazine that celebrates the elements and principles of design. The primary focus of the magazine is to showcase these elements and principles with clear and simple page layouts. Our design inspiration comes from the idea of simplicity and the power it holds. To create a magazine that any reader can follow and interpret is the essence of Roots. The magazine’s design aesthetic goes beyond Athens, capturing various representations and influences of the building blocks of design in varying environments.


As a former collegiate athlete and

aspiring Interior Designer my personality and the challenges I take on attribute to my personal three D’s: discipline, drive, and dedication. Every since I was a young girl I would always set goals in every aspect of my life and wouldn’t quit until I achieved them. I enjoy and celebrate the divine interrelationship between my goal stricken self and my nature to just kick back and relax. Growing up in the Florida Keys and being raised with the idea that simplicity and conservation is the essence of life is the backbone of my design inspirations. Sustainability is an area of Interior Design that intrigues me and an aspect I wish to learn more about. That being said, when I’m a professional I will strive to be open-minded and find a design aesthetic that compliments both my values and those of my clients. I will educate them and allow them to have a hands-on experience throughout the design process. I’m looking forward to embracing the next chapter of my life.

Mhyria Miller .

I was born in a small town in Washington to two new residence of the United States, Rose and William Kisaalita . In 1982They had just left their family, friends, and worn torn country of Uganda to try and start a new life here in the States. My parents journey, from growing up in the villages in Uganda to coming here, has always been a source of inspiration for me. They have taught me to always pursue my dreams, not matter what! With the help and support of my parents I'm now here pursuing my dream to become an interior design. For as long as I can remember I have always had a urge to create. My dream is to create spaces that not only move and inspire people but pushes and drives them to ask questions about the shape and form of their environment. I have always felt that the true beauty of things lies in tiny the details and I think that this magazine helps to show this. When the basic principals and elements of design are applied with though, care, and a critical eye they can create spaces that are moving and magical.

Nami K.


This month in Sustainable Trends we will look into the growing movements of two very different fields of design. Both have focused goals with plans of turning their trend into a lifestyle. First we will take a look at various design solutions for remodeling homes of elders. After, we will briefly explore what sustainable design actually means and a few factors that go into creating a sustainable home. Creating design solutions that will allow the elderly to stay in their respected homes has recently become a booming advocate of the home remodeling business. The comfort of home can never be underestimated, and as a person ages they cling to familiar surroundings. As cliché as it sounds “home truly is where the heart is”; and more and more elders want to remain in their existing environments. Because of this, designers and repair contractors have taken the initiative to research the best design solutions to existing problems and constraints within a home. Over a three day course a working team can become Certified Aging- In- Place- Specialists. Throughout this course the designers and repair contractors learn through limitations. They are put through series of tests that limit their accessibility by hindering their sight and movement. It is asked of them to try and perform the tasks with these ailments so that they can truly see what it is like to be an elder with these problems.

Cynthia Leibrock has exemplary knowledge on aging and the factors needed for redesigning accessible homes for elders. She created a list that can be followed to improve their living situations. Going through the lists one will see that it is broken up into segments from “do it yourself” improvements to more high-end jobs that require a professional.

Do it now: 1. Tape down rugs. 2. Add handrails with extensions to both sides of the stairs. 3. Add grab bars to your shower. 4. Reorganize your kitchen around the tasks you perform. 5. Add offset pivot hinges to narrow doors. Replace your shower head with a hand held shower on a vertical grab bar. 6. Do an energy audit. (We generally need higher ambient temperatures as we age.) Add task lighting to improve visual acuity. 7. Be proactive about your health— reorganize your house to encourage you to make it fun to exercise and to cook healthy meals. Try steam cooking; a portable steamer costs less than $100. Keep your house cleaner with a place to remove shoes upon entering. 8. Remodel the inside of your cabinets. Add pop-up shelves, lazy susans, pull-out racks, and lighter colors, for example. Add warning systems: Smoke detectors CO2 detectors, and driveway alerts. 9. Replace difficult controls with door levers and cabinet "C" grips, not knobs; use pressure switches, touch controls, and rocker switches on lamps. To test what works, try to use all controls with a closed fist. Then try to use all of them with one hand. 10. Replace your cookware for safety. Look for stay-cool handles and nondrip edges, for example.


11. You may need a new phone. If you have trouble hearing on your phone, replace it with one that amplifies high frequencies, not one that just increases the volume. If you frequently dial wrong numbers, find a phone with a large, lighted touchpad. 12. Use your house to reduce stress. Add a small fountain that produces the relaxing sound of running water. Keep relaxing music playing at all times. Add speakers which don't require wiring. 13. Buy a comfortable chair that is easy to access and exit, with arms well forward and space to put your feet back so you can lean forward and push off. Increase your security. Add deadbolts to all doors. Block sliding-glass doors when not in use. Consider the many options in security systems.

Do it later: adaptable solutions 1. Install the wall reinforcements, not the grab bars. 2. Install the track and wiring, not the $10,000 stair lift. 3. Add that study or den now and use it later for a live-in caregiver. 4. Install wiring for an automatic door opener in a tight hallway, and add the opener later. 5. Wall-mount cabinets so they can be lowered or raised later.If the laundry is downstairs, wire and vent a closet on an upper floor so you can add a small washer-dryer at a later date. 6. Stack closets on multiple floors to form a shaft for an elevator at a future time.

Do it as you remodel 1. If you are putting in a wood floor, recess that area rug. 2. Use a nonslip finish on the wood floor. 3. Use a drop-down door bottom instead of a threshold (which is a tripping hazard). 4. Plan 4-foot hallways, 5-foot turnaround spaces in each room, and clear floor space for walkers, wheelchairs, strollers, and scooters. Use anthropometric measures to evaluate the route by walking through your house with elbows out to a 3-foot width. 5. Add more windows and skylights with low-E thermal glass. This will increase ambient light levels. We may need a fivefold increase in ambient light as we age. 6. Replace your cook top with a safe and fast induction model. 7. Build a seat into your shower. 8. Replace your oven with a safe, sidehinged model. Add a pull-out shelf below. 9. Replace your washer and dryer with elevated, front-opening models.


Sustainable Design is the fastest growing area of design that focuses on alternative, more efficient means of building and living. It is a type of design that requires professional designers to have a willingness to learn and commitment to limiting our home’s effect on the environment. There are many factors that go into designing a “green” home. First of all it must be acknowledged as a process. Throughout the entire design process and after, measures must be taken to limit the environmental impact. The following are areas to focus on implementing when designing a sustainable home: EnergyEfficient Features, Water-Efficient Features, Resource-Efficient Features, Indoor Air Quality Features, and Outside the Home features. By picking products with labels such as ENERGYSTAR and WaterSense, one is guaranteed to not only save electricity, but save money in the long run as well. Materials, fixtures, and fittings that are considered sustainable are more durable and have a greater lifespan than those of non-sustainable products. In conclusion, sustainable design is not only a type of design; it’s a way of life; one in which will continue to grow over time…

RainShine. LEED platinum house in Atlanta, Ga


Elements Of Design


LINE Straight horizontal Straight vertical Angular

Curved flowing

Curved tightly


S T R A I G H T H O R I Z O N T A L L I N E R O O T S

Straight Horizontal Lines make up this composition by creating an even series of lines that guide the viewer towards the back of the building in a systematic manner.

Student Ramsey Center

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S T R A I G H T

Straight Vertical Lines are emphasized V E R T I C A L

in the windows of this building. The lines are used for structural and aesthetic purposes. Elongation of the faรงade is achieved through the use of multiple vertical lines dividing the window panes.

L I N E R O O T S

Conner Hall

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An angle is the figure A N G U L A R

formed by two rays sharing a common endpoint. The angular lines are used in this space to create a glass dome ceiling. This feature lifts the viewers to the heavens and brings in light from above.

L I N E

R O O T S

Butts-Mehre Hall

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C U R V E D

F L O W I N G

A flowing curved line is a line that

is not straight but is smooth and flowing and deviated from zero degrees. the curved featured on the First Baptist Church are found on the windows, steps, and domed ceiling.

L I N E R O O T S

First Baptist Church

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T I G H T L Y

C U R V E D

L I N E R O O T S

The tightly curved lines on this mirror give it a lot of visual interest, activity, and depth. The detailed molding provides the mirror with a good frame and makes it into the leading center piece of the stairwell.

UGA Theater Department

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Texture Smooth Rough

Surface Quality- Real

Surface Quality- Implied

Non-Reflective Texture

Reflective Texture


S M O O T H

The countertop in this Athen’s

T E X T U R E

R O O T S

apartment showcases the smooth texture element well. The surface obviously has no jagged edges or rigid surfaces. The countertops are purely smooth and pristine.

Athen’s Apartment

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R O U G H

T E X T U R E

The walls in this store were made of rusticated brick. It brings a very earthy feeling to the space which coincides with the outwear clothing they sell.

R O O T S

Masada

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S U R F A C E

Q U A L I T Y

The shower head showed here is an example of Real tactile texture. Just by looking at it one can see that it would have texture. The little bumps stick out of the faucet head giving the appearance of textured surface quality.

R E A L R O O T S

Barrow Hall

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An implied surface quality is one

S U R F A C E

that looks different from how it feels. In the lobby Boyd the tile floors look to have small stones pressed into them. However, when touch the surface is actually smooth to the touch instead of touch and gritty.

Q U A L I T Y I M P L I D E D R O O T S

Boyd Science Library

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N O N R E F L E C T T I V E

A non-reflective surface is one that absorbs the light instead of reflecting it. The cut stone in the paving outside of the Athens First Bank is a good example of a nonreflective surface. The stone adds interest and a nice detail to the sidewalk.

R O O T S

Hull Street.

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R E F L E C T I V E

A reflective surface is one that reflects back the light that is shown on it. the seating area in front of the national they feature sleek metal chairs and tables for customers.

S U R F A C E R O O T S

The National

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Space Positive space

Negative space

Crowding

Territoriality


P O S I T I V E

S P A C E

This record store is a great example of positive space. The contents of the space take up the whole room without allowing for any negative space.

R O O T S

School Kid’s Records

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N E G A T I V E

S P A C E

R O O T S

This shop had hanging paper ornamentation that represented the element of negative space. Each piece of paper had cut out shapes that allowed for light to come through because of the absence of paper.

Frontier

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C R O W D I N G

F O R M

An area designed for crowding is an area that is designed to manage a large number of people. The plaza in front of the Tate Center has been designed to manage a large number of pedestrians Because of it’s location, the Tate Center often has large burst of pedestrian traffic from students changing class. The layout of the space provides enough room for students to flow through it easily

R O O T S

Tate Center Plaza

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T E R R I T O R I T Y

Territoriality has to do with the need for people to have their own personal space. At the Science Library they have single student study desk that are each placed into their own nooks. This gives the space a sense of privacy and allows a student to relax enough to feel free to study.

F O R M

R O O T S

Boyd Science Library

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Shape & Form Geometric Shape Natural/ Organic Shape Abstract Shape

Non-representational Shape Static Shape Dynamic Shape Geometric Form Natural Form Abstract Non-objective


2 D

Shape is the outer form of an object or figure such as a circle, triangle, square, or rectangle. A 2d shape is one that can be measured using only height and width. The 2d geometric shapes in the pattern on the tapestry is mostly made up of rectangles, squares, and circles. The large but simple design helps to fill the room, but doesn’t overbear it.

G E O M E T R I C S H A P E

R O O T S

Residence of Austin Martin

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A 2D natural shape is a shape normally found in nature that is represented in a two dimensional form. In this room the tapestry acts as a wall cover to break up the monotony of the white wall and as a large art piece.

N A T U R A L

2 D S H A P E

R O O T S

Residence of Nami Kisaalita

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A B S T R A C T

F O R M

R O O T S

This sculpture was done by an artist friend of our family. His inspiration comes from creating abstract forms that allow a person’s mind to wander and come to their own conclusions on what the piece of art means. His concepts are not associated with any specific instances or forms.

Sculpture by Terry Thommes

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N O N

O B J E C T I V E F O R M R O O T S

This sculpture is a great representation of a non-objective form. The piece of art does not represent any object, figure, or element of nature. It is simple yet beautiful. The location of the sculpture adds to the piece by creating a sense of freedom and peacefulness.

Sculpture by Wheaton

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N O N R E P R E S E N T A T I O N A L

S H A P E R O O T S

The background of this sign is a good example of nonrepresentational shapes because it is primarily the elements of line, and color without any influence from actual people, places, or things.

Five & Ten

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S T A T I C

S H A P E

R O O T S

A static shape is one that is well grounded in its form with heavy lines. The memorial on Broad street slowly tapers up and has tree large sections on the bottom it give it a stable base. The tall obelisk ask as a beacon pointng towards the sky.

Broad Street, Athens GA

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D Y N A M I C

S H A P E

R O O T S

The statue shown at the entrance of the Vince Dooley Athletic Complex is an example of a dynamic shape. The men in the statue looks as if they’re in motion which compliments this element of design.

Vince Dooley Athletic Complex

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A geometric shape is one where you can measure the Length, width, and depth. The foundation featured in front of the First Presbyterian Church is a nice touch to their small garden. The sound of the running water helps to block out the noise from the street nearby.

3 d

G E O M E T R I C S H P A E R O O T S

First Presbyterian Church

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Objects in the third dimension 3 D N A T U R A L

have depth. They are solid shapes with length, width, and height. 3D natural and organic shapes are objects that can be found in nature. This small delicate flower and its natural organic shape provides the room with life and interest.

S H A P E

R O O T S

Residence of Anna Tankered

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A B S T R A C T

S H A P E

R O O T S

The painting above is a good example of abstract work. The shapes and forms in this picture allow the viewer to come to their own conclusion about the influences and purpose of the piece of art.

Log Cabin in N.C.

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Light Natural light Combustion lighting Ambient lighting Uplighters Task lighting Track lighting Floor lamps Table lamps Mood lighting Art lighting Colored lighting Glare from natural light Glare from general lighting Toe kick or raiser lighting Soffit lighting


N A T U R A L

L I G H T

Natural light is unique

in that it changes its type of light throughout the day. It is a healthy type of lighting that humans find to be a necessity.

R O O T S

Athen’s Apartment

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C O M B U S T I O N

Combustion lighting

is light that is brought to a room by candlelight or firelight. These candles in my bedroom are an example of this type of lighting. Combustion lighting brings a warm and inviting feel to a room.

L I G H T I N G

R O O T S

Candlelight

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A M B I E N T

L I G H T I N G

R O O T S

Ambient

lighting is a type of lighting that gives a certain mood to a place without it being its main light source. This room exemplifies the idea of ambient lighting in its column and wall mounted lighting.

Dakota

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U P L I G H T E R S

The uplighting

in the Rankin Smith Center gives the space its light by distributing warm light upwards that is not overwhelming to the eye. It creates a mood that allows for a person to study comfortably.

R O O T S

Rankin Smith Center

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T A S K

This light fixture is a creative representation of task lighting. The fixture itself is funky and would be a great accent feature in a room that needs a little added spice.

L I G H T I N G

R O O T S

Frontier

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T R A C k

L I G H T I N G

R O O T S

The track lighting

shown here is in our home in North Carolina. It is the main source of light in our living area but it also does a great job of highlighting the wood details as well.

Log Cabin in N.C.

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F L O O R

Floor lamps are a great way to have task lighting while giving visual interest to a room. Lamps such as the one shown can give a room a sense of style while being efficient at its task.

L A M P S

R O O T S

Showroom

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This shop had an array of table lamps. There were many different designs but they all shared the main purpose of task lighting.

T A B L E

L A M P S

R O O T S

c

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Heery’s Too

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The soft lighting over the

M O O D

bed is an example of mood lighting. The lighting here is used to create a comfortable environment were one can relax after a hard day of work.

L I G H T I N G

R O O T S

Residence of Nami Kisaalita

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A R T

L I G H T I N G

R O O T S

With art lighting, the light fixture can be considered

an art piece itself. These art piece are made from a thinner material to let a little light shine though and then wrapped with a dark cord to add contrast. They seem to float in midair and the warm light they produce adds a comforting feeling to the space. These pieces act as art and as task lighting for the workers in the dining hall.

East Campus Village Dining Hall

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C O L O R E D L I G H T I N G

Colored lights are lights that shine light that is red, orange, yellow, green, blue, or purple. Colored lights are usually used to set a type of mood or invoke a feeling in a space. At the Variety Playhouse during shows colored lights are used to add a mood and aide the music in communicating it’s message or feeling to the audience. R O O T S

Variety Playhouse

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G L A R E F R O M

N A T U R A L L I G H T I N G

Natural light is light provided to us through the sun. When natural light becomes too bright or intense it can produce glare which can result in irritation and fatigue. R O O T S

Residence of Austin Martin

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Glare can be produced from interior

G L A R E F R O M

L I G H T I N G

light fixtures as well. Here is an example of glare in the lobby of the Science Library caused by the light fixtures above. Since it is minimum and on the floor the it doesn’t cause to much of a problem for people walking through it.

G E N E R A L

R O O T S

Boyd Science Library

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T O E

K I C K L I G H T I N G

Toe kick lighting is a form of indirect lighting. In this example, the lights are placed underneath the counter to help illuminate the floor and when light cast a warm gentle glow.

R O O T S

Residence of Ibanda Ruhumbeka

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S O F F I T

L I G H T I N G

Here the soffit lighting is used to illuminate the Athens first bank sign and helps to create a welcoming entrance.

R O O T S

Athens First Bank

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Color Monochromatic color scheme Analogous color scheme Direct Complementary colors Split Complementary colors

Triadic Complementary colors Double Complementary colors Tetrad Complementary colors Alternate Complementary colors Neutral color palette


M O N O

C H R O M A T I C

R O O T S

The monochromatic color schemes shown here are great examples of how one hue can be broken into various values and chromas to create a harmonious color scheme that is pleasing to the eye. (note the white hue in the quilt is not part of the monochromatic scheme.)

Bedroom in Residence & Marriott hotel

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A N A L O G O U S C O L O R S C H E M E

R O O T S

The various pictures shown here exhibit the analogous color scheme. Each picture shows what colors look like that are next to each other on the color wheel. I believe the one on the right best displays how this color combination can work well and harmonize the composition.

Various house facades

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A direct complementary color scheme is a

D I R E C T

color scheme that uses colors that are directly across from one another on the color where. In this room the two complementary colors used are red and green with the red framing the green bed by surrounding it on the wall and floor. C O M P L E M E N T A R Y

R O O T S

Residence of Nami Kisaalita

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S P L I T

C O M P L E M E N T A R Y

R O O T S

The two pictures shown here exhibit the split complementary color scheme in that they have one main hue and two equally spaced colors from its complement as accent colors. This color scheme has strong visual contrast in both pictures shown. I believe the photo on the right does the best job of balancing these varying colors.

Various rooms showing color scheme

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T R I A D I C C O M P L E M E N T A R Y

R O O T S

The mural shown in the picture is a fairly good representation of the triadic complementary color scheme. Although they aren’t evenly spaced around the whole color wheel, the colors used are evenly spaced around “half� of the color wheel. My inspiration picture on the bottom is a great representation however. The vibrant colors are a pure giveaway that this is a triadic complementary color scheme.

Fire Station

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D O U B L E

C O M P L E M E N T A R Y

R O O T S

A double complement consist of two pairs of complementary colors. In this example the shoes at agora have the colors, red, green, purple, and yellow acting as the two sets. These shoes are funky and fun because of the multiple colors.

Agora

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T E T R A D

A tetradic color scheme is one were the colors used are separated by 90 degrees of hue. In this example the four colors work together to create a lively color pallet that really flows and works well with the rest of the room.

C O M P L E M E N T A R Y

R O O T S

Residence of Nami Kisaalita

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A L T E R N A T E

C O M P L E M E N T A R Y R O O T S

An alternate-complementary color scheme consists of a color, its complement and the complement's two adjacent colors.

Georgia Theatre

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N E U T R A L C O L O R

P A L L E T T R O O T S

A

neutral color palette is one that features mostly grays, browns, and whites. A neutral palette can give a room a more relaxing feeling because of the cool basic colors. This room uses the colors, white, grey, black, and blue to create a relaxing space to unwind in at the end of the day.

Residence of Jordan Sims

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Mass Actual density

Optical density

Massing


A C T U A L

D E N S I T Y

R O O T S

Actual density is shown in this photograph by the mass this building exudes. Solid brick work composes this building which gives the museum its heavy appearance.

Key West Museum of Art

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O P T I C A L

D E N S I T Y

R O O T S

The bookcase shown in this hotel lobby shows optical density in that although it is not solid wood and has cut outs for books and ornamentation, it still appears dense.

Lobby at the Marriott

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M A S S I N G

Massing is when objects are placed together to create unity and organization . Massing can give an area a more weighted or solid feel to it. In this example, all of the books are placed along one wall, to organize and group them together.

R O O T S

Driftmier Engineering Department.

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Pattern Placement of emphasis

Character of the pattern

The pattern color scheme

The scale of the pattern


P A T T E R N

In this room the place of emphasis is on the wall tapestry hung on the left side of the wall. This is the point of emphasis because of the scale of the pattern is much large than any other in the room. The style of the tapestry is repeating geometric shapes and the color scheme is made up of blue, orange, and green.

R O O T S

Residence of Austin Martin

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Principles Of Design


Scale Human Scale

Symbolic Scale


H U M A N

S C A L E

Human scale is important to keep in mind when looking at a space. Human scale can help us determine if a space is too small or large for a person and if they will be comfortable in it. In this example the size of this room and the size of the furnishing in it have be carefully thought about and choose to make people feel at ease

R O O T S

Residence of Austin Martin

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S Y M B O L I C

S C A L E

R O O T S

The sorority and fraternity facades shown are a good example of symbolic scale. The mass and wealth these buildings exude give them their symbolic significance.

KAPPA ALPHA THETA SIGMA ALPHA EPSILON

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Proportion Object in proportion with space

Object not in proportion with space


O B J E C T I N

P R O P O R T I O N

R O O T S

The Hunter Homes Academic Building is a great example of object in proportion. The faรงade exudes symmetry, harmony, and balance, giving the overall composition a very proportional aesthetic.

Hunter Homes Academic Bldg.

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O B J E C T

The paper lantern shown is about 4ft tall and because it’s obscene size dominates the small space and is out of proportion with the rest of the room. This bland paper lantern acts a bad center because of its color and lack of interest. It draws the viewer’s attention only because it fails to fit in the design space.

N O T I N P R O P O R T I O N R O O T S

Junkman’s Daughters

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Balance Visual symmetry

Structural symmetry Visual asymmetry Structural asymmetric Visual Radial Structural Radial


V I S U A L

A space with visual symmetry is one that reflects itself exactly across a central axis point. In this example the axis point can be found in the middle of the image and on both sides of this point the image is perfectly balanced. This balance makes the space very organized and comforting to the viewer.

S Y M M E T R Y

R O O T S

Myers Quad

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Structural symmetry like visually

S T R U C T U A L

symmetry is when a space is the same on both sides of it’s central axis point. In this example the steps leading into soul hall show us structural symmetry. The balanced created by the pillars and windows leads down to the door visually and physically.

S Y M M E T R Y

R O O T S

Soule Hall

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V I S U A L

A S Y M M E T R Y

R O O T S

Asymmetry is the absence of symmetry. The parking deck is an example of a very well balanced asymmetrical building. Because the elevator is slightly to the left, it throws off the perfect symmetry, and it gives the building dynamic interest. The repletion in with the windows helps give the building a calm rhythm.

Downtown Parking Deck, Athens GA

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S T R U C T U R A L

The church shown in the picture

A S Y M M E T R I C

R O O T S

is a prime example of structural asymmetry. Small elements are being contrasted with large massive elements. The accented reds are being contrasted with the church’s primary white color. Overall, the façade shown here is a great example of the powerful feeling a structural asymmetric building can give.

St. Paul’s Episcopal Church

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V I S U A L

R A D I A L

The painting displayed represents the visual radial principle of design accurately. The design is centered around the leaf bug in the middle of the painting representing life and its surroundings.

R O O T S

Painting in Residence

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S T R U C T U R A L R A D I A L

R O O T S

The ceiling shown here is a great example of balance in its structural radial form. The cupola is designed for hot air to rise in the summer time keeping homes cooler and less humid.

Ceiling of Residence

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Rhythm Repetition or Metric

Gradation or Climactic

Contrast Transition or flowing


R E P I T I O N

R H Y T H M

R O O T S

The support under the top porch area is an example of repetition. The motif is repeated all around the porch in an ordered fashion. The motif shown has structural purpose as well as an evident ornamentation value.

Whistle Bar

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C L I M A C T I C

The façade of the building

R H Y T H M

R O O T S

shown here is a great example of climactic rhythm. As the eye takes in this overwhelming/busy building, one will most likely have an emotional reaction. Whether the reaction is positive or negative depends on the viewer, but the powerful composition strikes an emotional impact one way or the other.

Ripley’s Believe It Or Not

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C O N T R A S T

Along Broad St there are several stores and restaurants that standout and contrast one another by painting their building different colors. The pattern of light and dark hue mixed with earthy and vibrant shades helps to make the street as a whole very colorful and lively.

R O O T S

Broad St. Athens GA,

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T R A N S I T I O N F L O W I N G

R O O T S

A flowing transition is a rhythm that allows the eye to travel through a space without interruption. The windows above this building allow the eye to glide from window to window because of the curved molding.

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Emphasis Focal point visual

Focal point structural


F O C A L P O I N T S T R U C T U R A L

R O O T S

The large cross next to the Episcopal church shown is the focal point of the composition. Any person who looks at this church would most likely be immediately drawn to the cross. Symbolically and because of its mass is why most people’s eyes would be drawn to it.

Episcopalian Church

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F O C A L P O I N T S T R U C T U A ;

A focal point is an area that is visually important and strongly engaging. At the corner of _ and _ this building acts as the focal point. It commands the viewers eye because of the delicate molding details and the tower on top.

R O O T S

Planet Smoothie

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Harmony (Unity & Variety)

Unity through Line Unity through Shape Unity through Color Unity through Repetition Variety through Color Variety through materials Variety through furniture Variety through modern in contrast to old


U N I T Y

B Y

L I N E

Unity by line is represented well in these rugs by its apparent use of straight vertical and horizontal lines. The lines bring each rug together in a harmonious whole.

R O O T S

Various Rugs

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U N I T Y

B Y

S H A P E

Unity by shape is utilized in this outdoor fireplace. As one can see this piece uses the circle as its prominent shape with accented triangle and rectangular shaped tile work.

R O O T S

Outdoor Fireplace

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U N I T Y

B Y

C O L O R

The façade of the building shown here is a great example of unity through use of color. The varying shades of red create a harmonious feel and a sense of unity and wholeness.

R O O T S

Boar’s Head Saloon

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U N I T Y

B Y R E P I T I T I O N

R O O T S

The wooden railings and tile designs shown here are good representations of unity by repetition. These repetitious lines and shapes unify and bring together the aesthetic of the two designs.

Florida residence

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V A R I E T Y

At the shoe display in Junkman’s the walls are draped with colorful string and drapery. The multitude of colors are used help to brighten and enclose the space. The variety of hot pinks, purples, yellows, blues, and greens bring it together and give it a flashy feel.

T H R O U G H C O L O R

R O O T S

Junkman’s Daughter’s

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The bronze and white stone

V A R I E T Y

M A T E R I A L S

help to create an elegant entrance for the _ . these two different materials next to one another add lots of visual interest to the space and help to give it a grand feeling.

T H R O U G H

R O O T S

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V A R I E T Y

T H R O U G H

The seating at Junkman’s consist of a variety of

F U R N IT U R E

funky chairs. In this example, all three chairs have different, texture, colors, and even shapes. For this store such variety works extremely well. It helps to give the store a lot of unique points of interest that are centered on quirky novelty items.

R O O T S

Junkman’s Daughter

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M O D R E N T O

O L D

In this example neon shades and bold floral prints, both of which are popular trend today, have been applied to these more traditional paper lanterns. It gives them a fun modern kick and adds a twist of originality to a more traditional piece.

R O O T S

Junkman’s Daughters

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Space Planning/Furniture Arrangement

Unity through Line Unity through Shape Unity through Color Unity through Repetition Variety through Color Variety through materials Variety through furniture Variety through modern in contrast to old


S U C C E S S F U L

F U N C T I O N

S P A C E

The design in this space is one that works well because of how well the space is organized. The seating is grouped together as is the art and it is also clear were traffic is suppose to flow around the space. R O O T S

Athens First Bank

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U N S U C C E S S F U L

F U N C T I O N

S P A C E

R O O T S

The design of this space doesn’t work well. One reason that is fails is because of how chaotic and unorganized it is. There isn’t enough storage space for items so they end up on the floor, and the lighting in the space makes it feel like a cave.

Residence of Erik Edwards

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S T R A I G H T

A straight- line furniture grouping is when seating is arranged in a line. This arrangement works well for the seating outside of Five Guys because it saves space and also allows customers a nice view of downtown Athens.

L I N E G R O U P I N G

R O O T S

Five Guys, Athens GA

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L S H A P E D

G R O U P I N G

R O O T S

An L-shaped furniture grouping is formed when two set of seating pieces are placed at right angles to each other. This seating arrangement is used throughout the ECV dorm lobbies and it helps to create an intimate seating area for students.

East Campus Village Lobby

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P A R A L L E L

The furniture

S E A T I N G

R O O T S

arrangement shown in these examples are considered parallel groupings. The chairs in the bottom picture are seated parallel and close to each other fostering intimate one on one conversations. The top picture is a little more community oriented with its open floor plan and space around the furniture. However the parallel arrangement again allows for intimate face to face conversations.

The Pierre House & RainShine Home

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S O L O

G R O U P I N G S

R O O T S

The leather recliner’s in these pictures are great examples of solo grouping furniture arrangement. The chairs sit in the selected rooms not only to take up unused space, but to offer a quiet reading area for someone.

Bed & Breakfast

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C I R C U L A R

G R O U P I N G S

R O O T S

The various pictures shown here are primary examples of circular furniture groupings. This type of seating fosters good conversation. I believe seating arrangements such as these are warm and inviting and constitute a friendly atmosphere.

Various Living Areas

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U S H A P E D

The desk area shown here is a prime example of U-shaped groupings. Its meant for a one person work area, however, it is designed to be able to have collaborative group meetings when needed. I believe this is a good representation of this type of furniture placement because of the open desk area to the left. People can pull up chairs and converse with the worker easily.

G R O U P I N G S

R O O T S

Office Desk Area

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LOCATIONS Student Ramsey Center

300 River Rd Athens, GA 30602-1507 Masada 238 E Clayton St

Five and Ten 1653 S Lumpkin St

Athens, GA 30606

Key West Museum of Art

281 Front St Key West, FL 33040-8313

Black Mountain Home 95 old cove rd. Black Mountain 28711

Whistle bar 224 Duval St

River Club Apartment 1005 Macon Hwy Athens Ga 30606

Vince Dooley Athletic compl ex

Ripleys believe it or not

UGA Athens, GA 30601

108 Duval St Key West, FL 33040-6506

Barrow Hall 201 Barrow Hall Athens Ga 30602-2407

Heerys Too 184 E Clayton St

Boars Head saloon

Athens, GA 30601-2703

400 Front St Key West, FL 33040-6617

School Kids Records

Rankin Smith Center

St. Pauls church

264 E Clayton St Athens, GA 30601-2705

E Rutherford St Athens, GA 30605

401 Duval St Key West, FL 33040-6550

Frontier 193 E Clayton St

Athens, GA 30601-2702

Big Pine Key Home 29565 Big Pine Key Fl 33043

Smathers Beach

Marriott hotel

S Roosevelt Blvd Key West, FL 33040

3031-41 North Roosevelt Blvd. Key West FL

Athens, GA 30601-2705

Key West, FL 33040-6569

The Pierre House 1 Duval Street

Key West, FL 33040 St. Francis in the Keys 1600 Key Deer Blvd

Big Pine Key, FL 33043

Monroe County Fire Dept. 390 Key Deer Blvd. Big Pine Key, Fl 33043 Conner Hall 301 Cedar Street UGA, Athens, GA 30602 Kappa Alpha Theta 338 S Milledge Ave Athens, GA 30605-1096

Sigma Alpha Epsilon 247 Pulaski St Athens, GA 30601 Hunter Homes Academic Bldg 105 Holmes UGA Athens, GA 30602 http://rainshineho useatlanta.blogs pot.com/ http://www.everyt hingofficefurnitur e.com/landushap des.html


LOCATIONS (contd.) University of Georgia Theatre department University of Georgia Athens, GA 30602-3154 Butts-Mehre Heritage Museum 1 Selig Circle Athens, GA 30602 Trapeze bar 269 North Hull Street, Athens, GA 30601 Boyd Graduate Studies Building 210 DW Brooks Drive University of Georgia Athens, GA 30602

Tate plaza 48 Baxter Street, Athens, GA 30602 Side walk on Hull Street Hull St. 252 Athens, GA 30601

The National 232 W Hancock Ave. Athens, GA 30601

Residence of Nami Kisaalita, bedroom 255 Appleby Dr. Athens GA 30605

ECV dinning hall Variety playhouse 1099 Euclid Ave NE Atlanta, GA 30307

Residence of Anna Tankered, kitchen 1000 River Bend Parkway Apt. 12 Athens GA 30605

Residence of Ibanda Ruhumbekia, kitchen 335 Daisy Lane Athens, GA 30605

Residence of Austin martin, living room, 169 Whippoorwill circle Athens GA 30605, Broad Street, 2 pages Agora 260 W Clayton St Athens, GA 30601 Georgia theatre 215 North Lumpkin Street Athens, GA 30601

Residence for Jordan Sims, Bedroom 192 Grove St. Athens, GA 30605

Office of William Kisaalita 934 Agriculture Dr. Athens, GA 30602

Junkman’s Daughter’s Brother 458 E Clayton St, Athens, GA 30601 Myers quad 1055 S Lumpkin St Athens, GA 30602 Soule hall 1056 S Lumpkin St Athens, GA 30602 Downtown Athens parking deck 133 East Washington Street Athens, GA 30601

Planet smoothie 191 E Broad St Athens, GA 30601

Residence of Erik Edwards, Bedroom 1512 River Rd Athens, GA 30602 Five guys 101 College Avenue Athens, GA 30601 Residence of Jordan Sims, Bedroom 154 Claytor St Athens Ga, 30605 Athens first bank 2365 Prince Avenue Athens GA 30606

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