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RURAL DEVELOPMENT CAP at the National Level Pillar II- Rural development plans, agri-environmental programmes, biodiversity and other environmental issues and sustainable development Stephen Fox 22 June 2011


The very first EU Rural Development Programme 1982-87


My credentials - briefly s mentioned worked on Western Isles IDP RDF experience ighlands & Islands Objective 1 Programme EADER dviser to Swedish Agriculture Ministry dviser to Czech Ministry of Agriculture ead of Livestock Policy for Scotland during BSE crisis


What is Rural development Must start with some key questions s it diversification from agriculture

s it about protecting the environment and biodiversity

s it about sustaining rural communities and population

s it about economic development


PILLAR II CAP Pillar II funding often does not target broad-based rural development, partly due to the approach at EU level and partly due to Member States’ choices on the allocation of funding between Axes. For example, resources are sometimes used to compensate for a lack of other funding for environmental interventions. • should EU funding for rural development be shifted from CAP Pillar II to Cohesion policy, which in general was seen to be focused more clearly on broad-based socio-economic development and also to offer greater flexibility than CAP Pillar II.


Pillar II and territorial cohesion Explicit orientation of Pillar II to focus solely on environmental problems, especially reduction of diffuse water pollution and enhancement of biodiversity and landscapes. This highlights the potential for prioritisation of agri-environment schemes.

Explicit orientation of Pillar II to focus solely on non-sectoral support measures, to promote a territorial policy approach. This highlights the potential for sectoral, agricultural policy to be integrated with wider rural development policy.


Rural Competitiveness efined as development and retention of sustainable rural businesses be they agri or otherwise. Advantages of pursuing this objective include contributing to improved quality of life in rural areas, population retention, employment and better education provision ey to rural competitiveness is the availability of the necessary skills base. Education and training is key as is retaining young people. Loss of the young not necessarily a bad thing if temporary but key challenge is attracting them back. aking agri-business competitive means getting consumers to cover the true costs of production ostering entrepreneurship is a key challenge. Policy needs to be targeted at attracting micro businesses and understanding where markets and opportunities exist for them. Considerable infrastructure issues surround


Regulation ( EC 1698/2005) rural development xis 1 - Improving the competitiveness of the agricultural and forestry sector

xis 2 - Improving the environment and the countryside

xis 3 - Improving the quality of life in rural areas and diversification of the rural economy

xis 4 -LEADER approach to deliver a locally-driven approach to innovation and development administered by local partnerships.


Community Strategic Guideline Axis 1 Europe’s agricultural, forestry and food processing sectors have great potential to further develop high-quality and value-added products that meet the diverse and growing demand of Europe’s consumers and world markets.


Community Strategic Guideline Axis 2 Should contribute to the following priority areas: biodiversity, preservation and development of high nature value farming and forestry systems, traditional agricultural landscapes, and water and climate change.


Community Strategic Guideline Axis 3 Should contribute to the overarching priority of creating employment opportunities and should in particular be used to promote capacity building, skills acquisition and organisation for local strategy development and also help ensure that rural areas remain attractive for future generations.


Community Strategic Guideline

Axis 4

Increase the capacity of local community and business networks to stimulate innovation and co-operation locally, to help build capacity in communities and support the development of human capital locally.


Rural Development Programmes 2007-13 in UK ot one but 4 imilar but different approach in different parts of the UK


Scottish RDP key messages trong emphasis on delivering outcomes to help make Scotland 'greener', 'wealthier and fairer', 'healthier' and 'smarter’ dopting local solutions, with each region setting its own priorities ajority budget distributed through non-competitive elements. ide range of potential applicants educed bureaucracy, a one 'stop shop’ and integrated inspections All applicants will have access to an individual case officer reater flexibility to support specific aspects of businesses and set the


THE RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME FOR ENGLAND 2007-2013

THE RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME 20072013 – A SUMMARY Background 1. The full details of the Rural Development Programme for England 20072013, as formally approved on 7 December 2007, are set out in a lengthy document. The full final approved Programme Document is available here: http://www.defra.gov.uk/rural/rdpe/progdoc.htm 2.

This document summarises the content of the 16 Chapters that make up


One of 8 Regional programmes or England

But Central administration by Forestry Commission and Natural England for Priority 2


Examples of measures NI

14 in total

.1 Vocational Training and Information .2 Adding Value to Agriculture and Forestry Products Improving Marketing .3 Modernisation of Agricultural Holdings .4 Supply Chain Development Programme .1 Less Favoured Areas Compensatory Allowances 2.2 Agri-Environment Programme .3 First Afforestation .4 Forest Environments .1 Diversification into non-agricultural activities .2 Support for Business Creation and Development


English RDP

The eight individual Regional Implementation Plans for England 20072013 will be delivered in the England regions according to their own regional and sub-regional priorities The delivery partners Natural England, the Forestry Commission and the Regional Development Agencies. But fro remaining period 2012-13 more centralised approach


Distribution amongst axes


Voluntary Modulation

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

England

12%

13%

14%

14%

14%

14%

Scotland

5%

8%

8.5%

9%

9%

9%

Wales

O%

2.5%

4.2%

5.8%

6.5%

6.5%

N.I.

4.5%

6%

7%

8%

9%

9%


Some questions for Iceland re agriculture and rural synonymous? re rural development and regional development synonymous Do we need more coherence in rural policy? Should we continue to have a discrete agriculture policy in the context of rural development or do we need to integrate agriculture policy into food policy, environmental policy, energy policy etc. o we need a new system of governance to manage rural development?


111- Vocational training and information 114 - Use by farmers and foresters of advisory services 115 – farm management, farm relief and farm advisory service 121- farm modernisation 122- Improving the economic value of forests 123- Adding value to agricultural and forestry products 124- Cooperation for the development of new products 125- Infrastructure

English RDP Measures 23 in total

212 – payments to farmers in areas with handicaps 214 – agri-environment payments 216 – support for non-productive investments 221 – first afforestation of agricultural land 223 – first afforestation of non-agricultural land 225 – forest environment payments 227 – support for non–productive investments (forestry) 311 - Diversification into non-agricultural activities 312 - Support for the creation and development of micro-enterprises 313 - Encouragement for tourism activities 321 - Basic services 322 - Village renewal 323 - Conservation and upgrading of the rural heritage 331 - Training and information for economic actors 341 - Skills acquisition


RURAL DEVELOPMENT Implementation of CAP in less favoured areas with emphasis on Pillar II -examples

Stephen Fox 23 June 2011


Look at examples mainly from Scotland Examine the rationale and approach Expected outcomes Look at delivery mechanism


five key outcomes of the SRDP usiness viability and competitiveness ater quality daptations to mitigate climate change iodiversity and landscapes hriving rural communities


7 ‘schemes� Crofting Counties Agricultural Grant Scheme Food Processing, Marketing and Co-operation Grant Scheme Forestry Commission Challenge Funds The LEADER initiative Less Favoured Area Support Scheme Land development Contracts Skills Development Scheme


SCOTTISH RDP UTCOME DRIVEN RANSFORMATIONAL CHANGE NTEGRATIVE APPROACH TO AGRICULTURE & RURAL DEVELOPMENT ENU APPROACH


About forestry administered by The Forestry Commission Woodlands around towns Forestry for people includes recreation ( e.g. mountain biking)


ccags

Crofting Counties Agricultural Grants Scheme Scotland Rural Development Programme

Guidance Notes for Applicants

assistance towards improving and sustaining the viability of croft business-improved animal health and welfare. sustain the economic basis and way of life and so help retain population in crofting areas. land improvement, agricultural buildings, access and facilities for keeping livestock. Non competitive


promote sustainable and profitable food production sustainable growth of the food industry through greater co-operation and collaboration from primary production to final market, and increasing export markets encourage innovation and new product development enabling food manufacturers and retailers to respond to changes in consumer demand for more affordable, healthier food options.


Development and delivery of group skills development initiatives for land managers (including farmers, crofters and foresters) improving land managers' business or countryside management skills. Bodies representing farming, forestry and other land management industries, or closely involved in promoting development of land and business management skills build on the success of industry-led or inspired initiatives such as Monitor Farms and Planning to Succeed by providing a dedicated support mechanism.


contributes to the maintenance of the countryside, and viable rural communities, by ensuring continued agricultural land use maintain and promote sustainable farming systems It does this by compensating the farmers and crofters who farm in the most disadvantaged areas with annual area-based payment Each year, 2010 – 2013 calcullation adjusts eligible land to work out payable area; and multiplies payable area by the payment rate(s) for “fragility� area


Land Managers Options provide funding for a range of options up to a maximum allowance for the business. Some options require a five year commitment and compliance with Good Agricultural and Environmental Conditions and Statutory Management Requirements. Others are paid for one year only (although commitments may be longer in some cases). Cross compliance necessary


ncrease the capacity of local rural community and business networks to build knowledge and skills, and encourage innovation and co-operation % of the total Scottish Rural Development Programme ÂŁ52m to rural areas + ÂŁ19.2m Convergence Funding to 7 LAGs in the Highlands and Islands as a disadvantaged and remote area.


Rural Priorities ntegrated funding across Axes dea to wrap up a number of schemes under one umbrella n line application form ompetitive


Western Isles + Orkney + Shetland usiness Viability and Competitiveness Priorities (Priority 1-7) iodiversity Priorities (Priority 8-12) andscape Priorities (Priority 13-14)

uilt & Cultural Heritage Priorities (Priority 15) ater and Soils Priorities (Priority 16-20)

daptations to Mitigate Climate Change Priorities (Priority 21-24) ublic Access Priorities (Priority 25)


Shetlands experience etting detailed targets in a business plan is difficult and compromises the bottom up principle ndicative projects in the original plan did not match actual projects. AG members should be more involved in assessing taff resources to allow for hand holding during implementation. Time also needs to be factored for chasing up spend. usiness Plan targets should be adjusted as experience is gained. Targets should be challenging but achievable.


Take up modernisation

32

32

47

88%

Value added to products

24

24

49

26%

LFA payments

196

196

0

54%

Agri- env

116

116

0

65%

Animal welfare

10

10

3

1%

Non Productive 25 Investment

25

51

0.53%

Diversification from agriculture

12

25

45%

12


Example for Northern Ireland Regional Challenge Fund Direct response to issues identified in the Rural Anti-Poverty and Social Inclusion Framework. Aims to get to the core of poverty and social exclusion issues at a very local level. The “challenge aspect is for rural groups to identify local poverty and social exclusion issues and provide solutions that address the particular and distinct challenges faced by rural communities. The Challenge Programme also includes Best Practice Workshops which all applicants must attend prior to submitting an application. These workshops involve applicants from the very start of the process and assist them in identifying the poverty and exclusion issues in their area, the people affected and the most suitable responses required for each local area.


West Midlands Regeneration Zone reated a zone with business and community interest ey aspect of running it was an Executive Board upported many businesses ulti- functional facilities edundant building grants

utonomy of delivery ngoing support & partnership agreement


Delivery hat structures do you need to ensure local engagement an you achieve a truly integrated rural development programme? ontrol mechanisms ( EU auditors) inancial take up remember n+2 eet the aspirations of applicants whilst matching objectives of the programme o you need new structures or can you adapt existing structures an you merge administration of programmes


Pillar II_UK