Farmland Pollinator Habitat Educational Pamphlet

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P�llinator C�nserv�t�o� Establishing Pollinator Habitat in the

Farmland Ecosystem To support crop pollination, reduce pest populations, & increase biodiversity

Land People Habitat llc

53 Hipp Road, New Milford, CT 06776 (860) 671-8088

Incorporating flower-rich native plantings within agricultural landscapes can provide economic, ecological, & aesthetic benefits. Principles for Designing

Pollinating Insec� Habitat: QUICK


• Bees pollinate 75% of fruits, nuts, & vegetables • Native bees pollinate over 100 crops in NA • Native pollinators are the most effective pollinators of native crops such as tomatoes, pumpkins, cherries, blueberries, & cranberries

• Provide POLLEN & NECTAR sources from April through September • Follow nature’s example—provide redundant floral resources for each pollinator • Plant for diversity—include 20 or more appropriate plant species • Plant a single species of flowers in clumps of 3 feet or greater • Site pollinator gardens near existing habitat patches • Site in mostly open, sunny locations • Locate near potential or provide nesting sites within 100 feet of pollinator plants • Include native bunch grasses, spring ephemerals, trees, and shrubs • Avoid pesticides and “double” flower hybrids • Support the full life-cycle of pollinators


Wild Blue Indigo Baptisia australis

Deer-resistant perennial for full sun that provides pollen and nectar for queen bumble bees as they emerge. 3-4'H&W.

3 Dave Eickhoff, Creative Commons


Golden Alexanders Peter Gorman, Creative Commons

Sprin� �l�o�

Inlcude flowering trees, shrubs, & spring ephermerals as early forage for emerging bees— Bumble bee queens, Mason bees, Mining bees, & Flies.


Zizia aurea


Important nectar source for bumble bees, long-horned, mining, plasterer, carpenter and sweat bees. Host plant for black swallowtail caterpillars. Deer-resistant. Requires moist soils. 30"H&W, part sun.

Labrador Violet

Creeping Phlox

Deer-resistant groundcover for part shade. Essential host plant for frittilary butterflies. Minor nectar source for bee flies, skipper butterflies, bumble, carpenter and halictid bees.

Spreading groundcover for part to full shade. Early nectar source for butterflies. 6-10"H, 2'W. Prefers average to moist soils.

Viola labradorica


Phlox stolonifera



Summ�r �l�o� Beard Tongue


Summer blooming flowering trees and shrubs provide nesting sites & food for caterpillars.

Wild Bergamot


Imporant early summer nectar source for bumble bees, carpenter, leaf-cutter, long-horned, mason and sweat bees, moths, wasps, and hummingbirds. Full to part sun. 3-4'H, deer resistant.

Monarda fistulosa


Penstemon digitalis 'Husker Red'


High quality nectar source for bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. 3'H, self-sowing perennial for dry sun.



Cutleaf Coneflower Oohhangousou, Creative Commons

Anise Hyssop

Agastache 'Blue Fortune'


A spreading perennial that is an important nectar source for bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. 3-4', full to part sun.

Rudbeckia lacinata

Late summer nectar for butterflies, and hummingbirds. Full to part sun, prefers moist soils. 3-6'H, 3'W.



Au�um� �l�o�

Late-blooming and long-blooming perennials are essential late pollinator forage.

Aromatic Aster

Aster oblongifolius 'October Skies'


Little Bluestem

Schizachrium scoparium Full sun, native, warm season grass. Nesting site for bumble bees. Inter-mix grasses with perennials for improved habitat structure. 3-4'H, dry soils.


Glenn Hilliard Photography


Long-lasting nectar source for new queen bumble bees and other bees—blooms through November. Combine with Goldenrods for higher habitat value. 18"H&W, full sun.

Land People Habitat llc is a landscape design and gardening company that specializes in intergrating healthy human landscapes with habitat for birds, pollinators, and other wildlife. Š 2015. All rights reserved. Resources include: Delaware Native Plants for Native Bees,, Mader, E., The Xerces Guide: Attracting Native Pollinators, Protecting NorthAmerica's Bees and Butterflies. Storey Publishing, 2011. Wratten, Pollinator habitat enhancement: Benefits to other ecosystem services,, 2012.

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