DA HYPE Issue #3- NDG February 3, 2011
(….)WHAT TO EXPECT
WHAT’S YOUR STORY NDG? NOTRE-DAME-DE-GRACE (…) AS IT WERE.
WHO MAKES UP THE COMMUNITY? HERITAGE, LANDMARKS & INSTITUTIONS: ISSUES AT HAND (Column) INDEPENDENT NEWS & VIEWS FOR THE PEOPLE (…)
WOAH, YOU LEARN SOMETHING NEW EVERYDAY (…) JOUR 201/3 Matt Campbellç Kalina Laframboise Marissa Miller Lee-Ann Mudaly
WHAT’S YOUR STORY NDG? Notre Dame de Grace, NDG, or our Lady of Grace is a Montreal suburb located in the west-end located in the Côte-des-Neiges—Notre-Dame-de-Grâce borough. The Décarie family was granted this land on November 18th, 1650, and they cleared it as preparation for farming. Most of NDG’s settlers found themselves a fruitful career in agriculture, as the soil and climate were perfect or harvesting apples and melon. As the population grew, so did the Roman Catholic community. The town purchased land from Eustache Prud’homme in 1849, and then established a church that was finished in 1853. In the 1860’s the Roman Catholic Church executed a significant amount of power over NDG citizens. In 1867, the province passed a mandate allowing the parish to control the town in three sections. This resulted in the segregation of NDG on December 28, 1876. The three sub-towns were called St. Pierre, St. Luc and Notre Dame. In 1877, NDG welcomed their first mayor, Jérémie-Daniel -Décarie. The following year, NDG instituted their first horse-ride tram line to facilitate travel for the growing population. In 1894, electric streetcars became the new mode of transportation. The NDG village officially became a town on March 9, 1906 when its population doubled to 1,854. The Kensington Land Development Company sold land to the town, enabling it to expand geographically on both its east and west sides, and north towards Mount Royal. In order to adapt to the growing population’s needs, NDG borrowed $400,000 to install a sewage and water supply system. The development of streetcar lines
in 1907 also added to NDG’s growing debt, which totaled at $1.4 million by 1910. NDG also appointed their first police and fire chief, Léon Bélec, in 1910, as crime became a growing issue in the community. The 1920’s also saw a proliferation of schools. West Hill was the first high school. After World War II, NDG experienced an influx of Jews. The Shaare Zion Congregation was the first synagogue located on the corner of Clairmont and Sherbrooke. When it was destroyed by a fire, the congregation relocated to Cote Saint Luc Road on September 7, 1941. Today NDG is primarily composed of middle-class working citizens. Thirty-two percent of its population is francophone, while the other sixty-eight percent is English-speaking. On Somerled Avenue, there is also a substantial Afro-Caribbean community. NDG as a whole is also a very suitable town for young professionals, given its lively, bohemian, multicultural atmosphere. In the late 1980’s, NDG experienced an economic downturn. Thankfully, wealthy young people living in the Plateau grew tired of their old living space and brought some of their culture to NDG. With this new influx of citizens (and income), the community saw prosperity that it had never seen before. The Monkland Village, a street beginning at Décarie and stretching down to Cavendish features sophisticated boutiques, restaurants and nightclubs. Most of NDG’s nightlife is concentrated into this “town within the town,” attracting citizens from all areas of Montreal. During the summer, the street is also closed off and reserved for pedestrians so that artists can showcase and sell their work, and street vendors can sell summer’s favourite snacks.
NOTRE-DAME-DE-GRACE (…) AS IT WERE.
WHO MAKES UP THE COMMUNITY? There are currently 30,102 people living in NotreDame-de-Grâce, a town lead by City Councillor Peter McQueen. The town is composed of 21% youth, and 13% seniors. Each household has an average of 2.1 occupants, filling the 13, 975 homes built in the district. Homes with one occupant represent 39% of the population. Thirty-six per cent of NDG-ers speak French, while 54% speak English, and 9% speak other languages. Half of NDG’s population is Roman Catholic, 17% do not belong to any religion, and 9% are Jews. Twentyseven per cent of NDG’s population is an immigrant. Nineteen per cent of these people immigrated to Montreal between the years 1996-2001. Italy represents 9% of these immigrants. France accounts for 7%, and 6% come from the United States. Fifty-five per cent of NDG citizens hold a university degree, while 11% have not even received a high school diploma. NDG’s average personal income is $61,849, which is higher than most districts in Montreal.
HERITAGE, LANDMARKS & INSTITUTIONS: ISSUES AT HAND (Column)
NDG, like many other boroughs, has a history, a story. And like many of these boroughs, certain institutions and/or landmarks help share its story with anyone ready to lend a ear.
In Summer 2010, NDG celebrated its 100th anniversary of the merger of NDG with the City of Montreal. According to Louise Harel, this event was tainted by the threat of the near-future closure of several public institutions and landmarks.
With the evolution in technology, we’ve all experienced the drift in transition- however small, however big the drift, it was there. For many people, this drift can take away the essence of their town. A few historical buildings and landmarks of NDG’s heritage face demolition. A new building to be erected in its place.
“(…)they may be sold off to real estate developers, “ declared Louise Harel. Her concern was met with several citizens of NDG.
This might not mean a great big deal to the newcomers, but think of the family homes in NDG. The homes lived in from generation to generation. For those citizens of NDG, for those that have lived as ‘NDG-ers’ for most of their lives. They are about to lose what they may call the essence of their hometown; a part of who they are and a piece of their story. Following the latest demolition and erection of a new building, the resulting story faces a new controversy. There were those that believed the demolition of a landmark to be of a great loss to their community, but it would seem are now embracing the new and forgetting the old.
The issue now seems to no longer be a negative one, as residents embrace the new Benny Sports and Community Complex newly ressurected in Benny Park. The total budget to build the major community and sports centre was $15 million. NDG is currently seeing tremendous renewal- a complete face-lift, it would seem. There are several other landmarks that remain up on the chopping block. Last year at the City Council meeting, many residents voiced an attachment with these landmarks, so now the question is whether or not the people of NDG will stand idly by as a part of their story is being about to be snipped at the ambilical cord? Just how attached are you ‘NDG-ers’?
LANDMARKS & COMMUNITY FACILITIES THAT FACE DEMOLITION
Empress Theatre -Built in 1927, this building remains one of Montreal’s only Egyptian Revival monument. NDG Community Centre and Pool NDG Maison de la culture -Built in 1912, this building is a Baroque Revival monument of the time. Snowdon Theatre -Built in 1936 as a cinema, was bought to come back as a gymnastics centre with shops on the ground floor.
Closed installations: - Piscine Westhill - Piscine Benny.
"The Snowdon and Empress theatres, the NDG C ommunity Centre and Maison de la culture are recognized as jewels among our heritage buildings, in which previous administrations made major investments. It is essential to preserve such convenient local services, and unacceptable to force people to travel kilometres away to have access to community facilities,“ commented David Hanna, professor of urban planning and a former president of Heritage Montréal.
BENNY FARM Over the course of its 135 years, Notre-Dame-deGrace has been home to some fascinating, historical landmarks. Benny Farm is one of these landmarks. Immediately after the Second World War in 1945, the Government of Canada started developing housing plans for many returning Canadian soldiers. The soldiers and their families needed larger and more functional homes to accommodate the needs of their growing families. So in the late 1940’s, the Canadian Government started funding an initiative that would aid in the construction of several apartment buildings to facilitate and enable Canadian soldiers to live with their families in a more comfortable environment. The buildings were built on old farm land named Benny Farm. Throughout the 40’s, 50’s, and mid 60’s, Benny Farm saw its tenant population increase dramatically. Benny Farm started renting out apartments to other citizens of NDG and the current occupants of the property had their families grow remarkably in numbers. They were the years of the “baby boom” generation. According to Canada Lands Company, throughout the 50’s, Benny Farm was home to over one thousand children. Although Benny Farm was prosperous in those times, this was not always the case. During the 1980’s, the building was not in great shape. The building and the apartments were not maintained properly, and many of the “baby boom” generation began moving out because of its condition. Some of the buildings remained vacant for several years, eventually deteriorating with age. It came to the point where these building were so badly mistreated they were deemed unsuitable and unhealthy for occupancy.
Eventually, possible plans arose for the complete demolition of Benny Park, without any plans of rebuilding. No one was interested in funding a crumbling landmark.
In 1997, Canada Lands Company and Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation joined forces to repair and construct several new apartment buildings at Benny Farm. Their goal was to provide modern and manageable homes to Canadian war veterans as well as their other NDG tenants who were previously living on the original Benny Farm post-war buildings. CLC and CMHC eventually went on to build more buildings which increased the number of units to 530. In 2007, CLC and CMHC sold the Benny Farm property to the Office municipal d’habitation de Montreal. Benny Farm remains to this day an easily accessible and highly functioning living environment.
THE EMPRESS THEATRE
The Empress Theatre was built in 1927 on the corner of Sherbrooke Street West and Old Orchard in NDG. The building was designed by Montreal architect Joseph-Alcide Chaussé, and the interior was done by interior designer Emmanuel Briffa. The theatre was the first and only theatre in Canada that exhibited an Egyptian style of décor and architecture, making it one of a kind. Egyptian themed architecture was all the rage in the 20’s after King Tutankhamen’s Tomb was discovered. Author Dan Lanken described the building to be “the most spectacular theatre ever to be built in Montreal.” It was also known as Cinema V. Throughout the 20’s and 30’s, the Empress Theatre seated 1,200 people and presented not only Hollywood films, but “art cinema” films as well as “vaudeville” theatrical plays, which were very popular throughout the late 1800’s and early 1930’s. The late 60’s brought something new to the table, and saw the Empress Theatre transform into a cabaret style of establishment, known as the “Royal Follies”. By 1968, the theatre was split into two viewing rooms to show more than one film or performance at the same time. By 1975, the theatre stopped showing theatrical plays and newly released films. Instead, it opted to become a repertory cinema, only playing fan favorite, classic films. In 1988, renowned cinema complex company, Famous Players purchased the Empress Theatre and for a second time in the theatre’s lifetime, began showing newly released Hollywood films.
Unfortunately, the building ran into some bad luck and in 1992, the historic theatre was victim to a horrific fire. No one was injured in the fire, but The Empress sustained extensive damage, leaving the theatres future in jeopardy. After almost a decade in limbo, The Empress was bought in 1999 by the city of Montreal for $571,000 and was granted to former owners, the Cinema V Corporation, now known as The Empress Cultural Center.
Ever since the property fell into their hands in 1999, The Empress Cultural Center has been scrambling to receive donations from the private sector. They have even been asking both Provincial and Federal Governments to aid in the restoration of the historic building. In April of 2010, funding of $62,000 was expected to be approved by the Cote-des-Neiges and NDG borough, but was later turned down. The Empress Cultural Center had plans to renovate the damaged Empress Theatre and build a 350 seat theatre and a smaller, 150 seat “black box” venue which would hold more artistic and experimental types of performing arts. Although the Provincial Government and NDG borough have offered moral support, the kind of support The Empress Cultural Center needs is financial, and without that, NDG may lose a historic, one of a kind piece of architecture.
UNITY OF A COMMUNITY: NDG FOOD DEPOT The NDG Food Depot has been helping low income families and individuals since 1986. Before the NDG Food Depot had been established, the only emergency food service the NDG community had were the services provided by the local churches. The 80’s were going through a very tough economic crisis, leaving many families unable to support their families. Eventually, these churches found themselves helping hundreds of underprivileged people, which began to be a hard and overwhelming task. Eventually, the services the churches were providing were beginning to become insufficient with the number people who needed fresh fruits and vegetables. Church volunteers solutions to this problem. Eventually, it was decided that NDG’s first ever food depot would be put into action. The food depot moved several times within their first six years of existence. In 1986, the NDG Food Depot started out in the basement of NDG’s River’s Edge Church but two years later was moved to a location in Girouard Park, NDG due to an animal infestation. In 1989, the depot was moved again onto NDG Avenue and was eventually moved to its current location on Oxford Street in 1992. Although the NDG Food Depot takes pride in the fight to help disadvantaged people, they do not want to see as many people asking for food as they do. After the NDG Food Depot’s first year, they had sent out 5,700 food basket to families and people in need. The 80’s were a difficult time economically, leaving many NDG families relying on services like the NDG Food Depot’s. Unfortunately, in 2008, a time more economically structured and stable than the 80’s,saw a dramatic increase in the number of baskets being sent out to poor people. Over 28,000 food baskets were distributed in 2008, and NDG’s Food Depot says the number is increasing. Unfortunately, the need and
dependence for free food has grown exponentially in numbers since the depot began helping people in 1986. Along with helping people with free food, the NDG Food Depot also gives out free information sessions as well as classes on how to cook, and how to shop smart. NDG Food Depot has many programs catered to the people who need help the most. Along with supplying food to the unfortunate, the depot also launched what they call “The Good Food Box” program in collaboration with the NDG Food Security Coalition which offers large boxes of fruits and vegetables to families of all sizes to be picked up at convenient locations for the customers. The NDG Food Depot believes that one of the hardest things for a person of low income is that many of them are anti-social and refrain from having any intimate contact with people. Financial instability can be embarrassing and diminish self-esteem says the NDG Food Depot, so they establish strong relationships with their clients and even organize events and picnics to bring their clients together and have a chance to socialize. The NDG Food Depot also has work programs that encourage civic engagement and build self-reliance. The food depot works with the Provincial Government and offers thirty jobs a year through the BIL project, which offers jobs to pregnant and immigrant peoples as well as the “Devenir Program” which targets people on social insurance, and people who have significant troubles finding employment.
HOT SPOTS & TRENDS Coffee, Food, Art and Cool Beats Notre-Dame-De-Grace a.k.a NDG, is a community with a diversified population. This diversity ranges from age, gender, ethnicity and overall individualism that resides within many ‘NDG-ers’; giving this borough a unique eclectic vibe. You already know the history by now, but what you might not be aware of, are the possible fun spots which are practically hidden in the most unexpected nooks and crannies. This borough has proven the age-old saying of ‘don’t judge a book by its cover’, for what’s inside, is all too cool!
If you’re looking for a quaint, bohemian-type café, Sherbrooke Street Ouest, is the place to be. Then again, if you’re looking for just about anything, that’s the street to get started on. You might be wondering why. Well, in 1966-1977, the most significant change took place in NDG. The Decarie Expressway was constructed, splitting the borough, but at the same time adding value to Sherbrooke and Queen Mary, which resulted in a type of economic boom in the area of Monkland Street, a.k.a ‘the Village’.
This main vein of this commercial sector (Sherbrooke Street Ouest), has something for anyone and everyone.
Shaika Cafe is one of my favourites and also, one of the most renowned. Don’t just take my word for it, go check it out. Here you can experience live music every night of the week, as well as fine cuisine.
5526 Sherbrooke Street West Montreal, Quebec (514) 482-38983
What was once a bike shop, has now turned café/art gallery, exhibiting artworks from Galerie V.
Get cultured too. While you’re sipping on that hot chocolate and probably bobbing your head to some fine tunes or having a bit of a chin-wag with your friendly neighbours, take a look around; Shaika exhibits artwork from local artists.
You can expect a complete experience at Shaika, for what experience is complete without a few beats. Shaika has live music every evening, ranging from jazz or blues to Indie, Pop or Country, all food for the soul. Now how about food for the body. Well are you a vegan, a vegetarian, a meat-lover, or maybe you have a sweet-tooth …they have it all! Arguably the best hot chocolate in town, to warm up those cold nights. Perhaps you’re a coffee fanatic… They hold awesome coffees too and have baristas that actually know what they’re doing… can you believe it? Whoever you are and whatever your flavour, Shaika’s vibrant staff and warm ambiance seems to attract young and old alike. This is a prime example of what NDG is all about.
This month’s Exhibition presents paintings by Talia Carin. Working with acrylic paints she captures landscapes in intense and vibrant colours. The exhibition is from January 7, 2011- February 7, 2011.
SKATE! SKATE! SKATE!
No Damn Good Skate Park/Shop. If you’ve ever felt like NDG was lacking when it came to skating, then you’re in luck! These guys (a bunch of locals) came together and got something crazy started. $10/all day skating and even memberships are available. Check out their website for more info.
2105 Old Orchard, Montreal(NDG), Qc H4A 3A7 514-687-0095 info@NDGskate.com www.ndgskate.com
NO DAMN GOOD SKATE PARK & SHOP
GRAFFIT! GRAFFITI! GRAFFITI! (IT’S ART)
Montréal, QC H4A 1W7 (514) 485-4489
Montreal Street Artists:
Snob Labrona Le Vaudou Miss Van
There has been quite a bit of controversial talk over the years as to what constitutes ‘real art’. Like music, there are various genres and they should all have a place in society. Here in the heart of NDG, just down the road from Shaika Café, there is a local shop that gives you a taste of underground graffiti culture and hype. Sub V stocks just about all the materials needed for graffiti-art, as well as, art books, urban street wear and gear. This graffiti artist hotspot not only supports the art, but the customer as well, by showcasing the work of local artists in the store.
INDEPENDENTNEWS & VIEWS FOR THE PEOPLE (…) The NDG Free Press is a bimonthly English newspaper dedicated to bringing local community news to the town of Notre-Dame-de-Grace. This independent newspaper was first published in September 2009 and is still a growing newspaper. The NDG Free Press is truly dedicated to bringing local news and catering to the residents of NDG through their circulation. The newspaper is published every second Monday at 10:30 am, and has a circulation of approximately 15,000 copies by Canada Post and at drops spanning across the city. The residents of NDG receive copies at their doors, and are also available at various locations throughout NDG and the surrounding area. The NDG Free Press is owned and published by Sherbrooke-Valois Inc. This corporation is also responsible for The Westmount Independent, Westmount’s local newspaper. They are located at 310 Victoria Avenue, #105, Westmount, QC, H3Z 2M9 and their fax number is 514-9359241. David Price is the publisher and in charge of advertising sales, and can be reached by phone at 514-9354537 or by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org The NDG Free Press’s editor is David Goldberg, who can be reached by telephone at 514-488-3939 or by e-mail at email@example.com. The chief reporter is Isaac Olson who can be reached by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. For accounting and classifieds, Beth Hudson can be reached at 514-223-6138 or by e-mail at email@example.com The NDG Free Press covers various topics and issues concerning the community of NDG. Whether it relates to urban planning or local businesses, this newspaper publishes every relevant subject.
Usually the newspaper is anywhere between 15-20 pages, and even has a town of Hampstead section, which spans anywhere between two to three pages with Hampsteadrelevant news. Isaac Olson, chief reporter, is almost always the journalist behind the front page article. The local news covers diverse events and issues in NDG. In the last year, they covered topics such as the ongoing noise pollution caused by the construction of McGill University Health Centre, urban planning involving bike paths, local sports centre openings, local graffiti, borough budgets and much more. It provides an insightful look into the happenings of NDG.
The newspaper focuses on both present and up and coming news, providing the residents of NDG with a constant connection to their town. Every edition has a section called ‘Police Watch’ that informs community members of what is going on and what to look out for in NDG. From the police officers at Station 11, the section provides information on crimes, information on suspects and advice from police officers to prevent future crimes. A section worth checking out is Off-Sidel by Noah Sidel which covers local sports. This section covers anything from NDG hockey tournaments to youth soccer in detail. Other notable columns are Mr.Roger’s Neighbourhood and Hello NDG that appear regularly in The NDG Free Press. Even the Letters to the Editor are interesting because residents as well as organization members are able to express their thoughts and concerns.
WOAH, YOU LEARN SOMETHING NEW EVERYDAY (…) Ghost Ads
Have you ever passed a billboard and asked yourself ‘What is that about?’ Yes, some of these brands are decades old… these billboards still have meaning, if you look a little further; they tell a story.
Notice how this ad is in French and is found in the eastend, on Masson Street in Rosemont.
According to Christopher DeWolf, we get a lot more than expected out of these ghost ads. He says it’s more than just a window into the past, we can understand the city’s linguistic geography. These are two examples of ghost ads from the early twentieth century.
“It’s a pretty straightforward illustration of Montreal’s linguistic division, which exist to this day,” says DeWolf.
He basically says that we would most likely hear English in NDG and French in Rosemont.
Now notice how this as is in English and is found in the west-end, on Sherbrooke Street in NDG
Fun fact: Old Chum, was a brand of pipe tobacco. Tobacco charities raised money to provide tobacco to the Canadian soldiers in WWI. After feeling that they had been swindled out of good tobacco, the Gazette commissioned Imperial to make packs of Old Chum for the soldiers. Since then on, the French and English Press had mutually found themselves promoting smoking as a patriotic activity.
KNOWING WHO TO CALL & WHERE TO GO(…) THAT’S A GOOD THING! NDG’s 15 Important Locations
Concordia University – Loyola 7141, Rue Sherbrooke Ouest, Montreal
NDG Community Council
5964, ave Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, # 204, Montréal, Qc H4A 1N1
Monkland Chabad Center 5690 Monkland Avenue Montreal, QC H4A 1E4
3755, rue Botrel Montréal, Quebec H4A 3G8
Loyola High School
7272 Sherbrooke St. West
Montreal, QC H4B 1R2 (514) 486-1101
CLSC de NDG-Montréal-Ouest 2525 Boul Cavendish, Montréal, QC H4B 2Y4
Police Station 11 6255 rue Somerled Montreal, QC H3X 2B7
NDG Food Depot
2121, avenue d'Oxford Montreal, QC H4A 2X7 (514) 483-4680
Service d’Incendie de Montreal 46 Fire Station 46 4760 Cumberland Ave Montreal, QC H4B 2L4
IT’S STILL A GOOD THING (…)
Michael Applebaum NDG Borough Mayor Vice-Chair of the Executive Committee, responsible for urban planning, housing, services to citizens and relations with the boroughs. Member of the Agglomeration Council and the Board of Directors of the
Benny Farm 7000, Rue Sherbrooke Ouest, Montréal, QC H4B 1R3
Communité métropolitain de Montréal (CMM)
5160, boul. Décarie, Suite 710
Centre de Readaptation MAB- Mackay
7000, Rue Sherbrooke Ouest, Montréal,
QC H4B 1R3
Telephone: 514 872-4863
Councillor for the NDG district
598-6767, Chemin de la Cote-des-Neiges, Montreal
Member of the Finance, administrative services and human capital commission.
YMCA Notre-Dame-de-Grace 4335 Avenue Hampton, Montreal, QC H4A 2L3
Kathleen Weil Member of National Assembly (National Assembly of Quebec) NDG MNA - Quebec Liberal Party
5252, de Maisonneuve Ouest
Bureau 210 Montréal (Quebec)
YMCA Notre-Dame-de-Grace 4335 Avenue Hampton, Montreal, QC H4A 2L3 (514) 486-7315
H4A 3S5 Telephone: 514 489-7581 Fax: 514 489-5426
« HE SAID, SHE SAID »
"I took on the role of editor because I've done this before and I started to notice that they killed off local papers, and since I live in NDG, I wanted to do this. It comes out every two weeks and I've got a great staff." - David Goldberg, Editor of the NDG Free Press 514-488-3939
“Many age groups come to NDG Library except for teens. Many elders and families with young children use our services. Even though NDG is mostly English speaking, about 1/3 of the clientele speaks English and 2/3 are Francophone. English speaking people reside more on the west side of the town and go to Benny Library.” –Patricia Parent Librarian at NDG Library, (514) 872-2398
"An unusual sight in the middle of a busy urban center can be found a Chabad house. Run and operated by Rabbi Yisroel Bernath. The question begs to asked why is this Synagogue in the middle of a non religious neighborhood? The answer is a candle is most effective when it is in a dark room. The Chabad House of Monkland NDG is a light that illuminates the soul of anyone who comes into contact with it."
- Rabbi Solomon, NDG Chabad Centre Juliette has been volunteering at the Mackay Centre since high school and has been apart of the organization for two years. She works as a teacher's aid full time and started working out as a lunch time monitor. For Juliette, she likes working with the children and looks forward to it everyday. As for giving her time free of charge, she finds it very rewarding. “When you walk into the Mackay Center gym and the kids are all so happy just to be at school and to see you, there isn’t a much better feeling in the world! I feel I am definitely a big help to the teacher and to the kids.” - Juliette Ross, Teacher's Aid (Volunteer) at the Mackay Centre, NDG firstname.lastname@example.org
CONTRIBUTORS & SOURCES
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Unknown author. “Benny Farm.” Canada Lands Company. N.p. n.d. Web. January. 2011. http://www.clc.ca/successstory/benny-farm
Various authors. “The NDG Free Press”. NDG Free Press. N.p. 24 March. 2010. Web. January. 2011. http://www.ndgfreepress.com/FPv2.3.d.pdf
MORE SOURCES (…)
Various authors. “The NDG Free Press”. NDG Free Press. N.p. 28 April. 2010. Web. January. 2011. http://www.ndgfreepress.com/FPv2.4D.pdf
Various authors. “The NDG Free Press”. NDG Free Press. N.p. 23 June. 2010. Web. January. 2011. http://www.ndgfreepress.com/FPv2.6.d.pdf
Various authors. “The NDG Free Press”. NDG Free Press. N.p. 23 August. 2010. Web. January. 2011. http://www.ndgfreepress.com/FPv2.8.d.pdf
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Veillette, Eric. “Canada’s Atmospheric Theatres – The Empress.” Silent Toronto. N.p. n.d. Web. January. 2011. http://www.empresscentre.org/history/historyE.html
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Various authors. ”NDGSKATE”. Web www.ndgskate.com