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14 csif;vli,fonf uRefawmfhtm;&if;ESD;pGm vufudkvSrf;ay;ojzifh uRefawmfvnf;vufqGJí Ekwfqufvkduf\/ NyD;aemuf csif;vli,fu jrefrmpum;oH0J0Jjzifh ]] q&mwdkY bmrsm;okH;aqmifMurvJ/}} [k ar;\ xdktcgusrS a'gufwmatmifrdk;u ]] oli,fcsif;ajymwJh 0ufajcaxmufpGwfjyKwfqdkwmvkyf uGm/ NyD;awmh ref;axmifh&rfwpfydkif;/ cifAsm;aum bmpm;rvJ/}} [k uRefawmfhbufudk vSnfhí ajymvkduf\/ ]] rif;ajymwJh0ufajcaxmufpGwfjyKwfyJpm;r,fuGm/ [ 'geJYaeygOD;/ pm;yGJxdk;aum ac:OD; av/}} csif;vli,fu ]] &ygw,f/ uRefawmfyJoGm;rSmvdkufyghr,f// pm;yGJxdk;udkapmifhae&if um; jyefxGufwJhtxd a&mufvmrSmr[kwfzl;/}} [k qdkum xGufoGm;av\/ xdktcsdefwGif um;ysufpOfu uRefawmf wdkYESifh pum;ajymcJhaom csif;trsdK;om;BuD; 0ifvmojzifh uRefawmfu vmíxdkifyg&ef zdwfac:vdkufonf/ tqdkygcsif;trsdK;om;BuD;vnf; uRefawmfwdkYpm;yGJwGif0ifíxdkifvdkufav\/ cPtMumwGif csif;vli,fxefusJ onf 0ufajcaxmufpGwfjyKwfyef;uefrsm;udkifí0ifvmavonf/ olYaemufwGifpm;yGJxdk; jzpf[ef&Sdaomaumif av;wpfa,mufonf ref;axmifhykvif;? a&ykvif;ESifh zefcGufrsm;,lvmNyD; uRefawmfwdkYpm;yGJay:wGif csí jyefxGufoGm;av\/ ]] uJ--- csAsm}} [k atmifrdk;rSajymvdkufNyD; t&ufrsm;udk zefcGufrsm;twGif;odkY enf;enf; pD iSJYxnhfvkdufavonf/ csif;trsdK;om;BuD;onf yxrwGifjiif;aeao;aomfvnf; udkxefusJu a'opum;ESifh ajymvdkufaomtcgrS ,líaomufav\/ uav;NrdKUwGifaepOf csif;bmompum;onf trsdK;uGJaygif;ajrmufjrm;pGm &Sdonf[k qdkaomf vnf; ,ck a&qGmrS csif;trsdK;om;BuD;ESifh [m;cg;rS ukdxefusJwdkYtvG,fwulcsif;pum;ESifh ajymqdkEdkifonfudk uRefawmfem;rvnfEdkifawmhí udkxefusJtm;ar;vdkuf\/ ]] nDav;wkdYu bmompum;wlMuovm;/}} ]] rwlygzl;// OD;av;ua&qGmuqdkawmh a&qGmpum;av/ uRefawmfu[m;cg;uqdkawmh[m; cg;pum;aygh/ 'gayr,fh uRefawmfwdkYqDrSm [m;cg;pum;udkyJ tokH;rsm;Muw,f/ bmompum;rwlwJhol tcsif;csif;awGY&if [m;cg;pum;eJYyJajymMuw,f/ [J--[J [m;cg;pum;ubmac:rvJtifwmae&Sife,faygh}} [k ajymvdkufí uRefawmfwdkYvnf;vdkuf&Daerd\/ xdkYaemuf uRefawmfvnf;wpfckckudk owd&oGm;NyD; ]] 'geJY nDav;u [m;cg;uqdkawmh [m;cg;aq;½kHrSm wm0efuszl;wJh a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfqdkwmudkMum;zl;vm;/}} [k ar;vkdufonf/ xdkpum;aMumifh ukdxefusJESifh csif;trsdK;om;BuD;wdkY rsufESmrsm;ay:wGif rnfodkYrSrSef;qí r &Edkifaom tajymif;tvJrsm; ay:aygufvmojzifh uRefawmftawmftHhtm;oifhoGm;\/ ydkíxl;qef;onfrSm a&qGmrS csif;trsdK;om;BuD;yg yg0ifvmjcif;yifjzpfonf/ ]] tif; 'Davmuf&if;ESD;wJh emr,frsdK;udk tckvdkrsdK;Mum;&vdrfhr,fvdkY rxifrdcJhzl;/ a'gufwm cspfoufaZmfqdkwm aq;uktifrwefawmfwJh vlyg/ tckqdk&if oleJYrawGYwm wpfESpfcGJavmufawmif&SdoGm; NyD/ ajrjyefYudk jyefajymif;oGm;NyDxifw,f// uRefawmfhom;av; tluswmudk cGJay;cJhwmolaygh/}} wpfqufwnf;yif udkxefusJu ]] &efukefudkjyefajymif;oGm;NyDav/ tawmfoarsmzdkY aumif; w,f/ ol'DrSm&Sdwkef;u tm;vkH;u tm;udk;Muw,f/ tckawmh &efukefrSmNidrfhaea&maygh/}} [k ajymvkdufonf/ uRefawmfuqufí ]] ol &efukefudktcktxdjyefrvmzl;As/}} [k ajymvdkuf&m ]] Asm}} 'DwpfcgtHHhtm;oifhMuolrsm;rSm a'ocHcsif;trsdK;om;BuD;ESifhudkxefusJwdkYyifjzpfMu\/ olwdkYESpfOD;pvHk; bmajym&rSef;rodEdkifavmufatmifyif NidrfoufoGm;Muawmhonf/ cP MumrS udkxefusJu ]] wjcm;vlqdk&ifawmh uRefawmfpdwfr0ifpm;ygzl;/ tck a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfu b,f vdkjzpf&wmvJ/ uRefawmfhtazwdkY? tarwdkYqdk&if olYudkwrf;wrf;pGJyJ/ tm;udk;&vGef;vdkYav/ xl;qef;vdkufwm/ b,fvdkjzpfwmvJ &Sif;jyprf;ygOD;/}} [k ar;vkduf\/ wpfqufwnf;yif csif;trsdK;om;BuD;uygqufí ]] [kwfygw,f/ uRefawmfhtwGufqdk&if vnf; aus;Zl;&SifvdkYajym&if rrSm;ygzl;/ 'ghaMumifh ulnDp&m&Sd&if ulnD&atmif uRefawmfwdkYudk em;vnfoGm; atmifenf;enf;&Sif;jyay;yg/}} [k ajym\/


15 uRefawmfvnf; tawmftMuyf½kdufoGm;\/ uRefawmfudk,fwdkif rodao;aom udpöwpfckudk rnfodkY&Sif;jy&ygrnfenf;/ uRefawmfvnf; vufxJrS t&ufcGuftm; tenf;i,f armhcsvdkuf&if; ]] uRefawmfvnf;rodzl;cifAs// uRefawmfodoavmufuawmh ol&efukefukdvHk;0jyefrvmzl;qdkwmudkyJ// }} udkxefusJu ]] ol 'gqdkb,fa&mufaervJ//}} [kajymvdkuf&m csif;trsdK;om;BuD;u olYtm; csif;bmompum;jzifh ajymvdkufonf/ olvnf; csif;trsdK;om;BuD;tm; csif;pum;jzifh jyefajymvdkufí ol wdkYESpfOD;tcsif;csif; uRefawmfwdkYem;rvnfEdkifaom pum;rsm;jzifh tjyeftvSefajymaeonfrSm tawmfMum \/ uRefawmfvnf; uRefawmfvma&muf&jcif;\ taMumif;t&if;rsm;ESifh ygwfoufí tawmfav;od& awmhrnf[k xifNyD; pdwftawmfvIyf&Sm;ae\/ cPtMumwGif csif;trsdK;om;BuD;rS ]] uRefawmfwpfckajym csifygw,f// aus;Zl;jyKjyD; q&mwdkYpdwfrqdk;MuygeJY/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf rdef;r&w,fMum;w,f/ tJ'gudk oleJYuRefawmfwdkYajymaeMuwmyg/ tJ'g[kwfvm;/}} [k ar;vkdufonf/ uRefawmfvnf; qufí ]] tJ'Dowif;udk OD;wdkYwifr[kwfzl;/ wpfEdkifiHvHk;Mum;wmAs/ 'g ayr,fh taMumif;t&if;trSefudk b,folrS wdwdususrodzl;// uRefawmfvnf;rodzl;/}} [k ajymvkdufonf/ ]] Asm}} olwdkYxyfrHí tHhtm;oifhoGm;Mu\/ uRefawmhfpdwfxJwGif rwifrus jzpfaeaom t &mwpfck&Sdygao;onf/ a&qGmrS csif;trsdK;om;BuD;u tb,faMumifh [m;cg;ü wm0efusaom a'gufwm cspfoufaZmftm;odae&ygoenf;/ xdkYaMumifh uRefawmfar;vdkuf\/ ]] aeygOD;/ OD;av;u a&qGmuqdk/ b,fvdkvkyfNyD;a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfudkod&wmvJ/}} ]] atmf'gvm;/ uRefawmfeJYuawmh a&pufyJqdk&rvm;/ q&mcspfoufaZmf [m;cg;udktOD; qHk; pvmuwnf;u tckvdkrsdK;q&mwdkYeJYawGYovdkrsdK; uRefawmfeJY uav;um;*dwfuwnf;u pawGYcJhMuwm/ awmfawmfxl;qef;w,fyJqdk&rvm;/ tJ'Duwnf;u rawGYawmhwm ola&qGmrSm vmjyD; wm0efxrf;aqmifrS yJ jyefawGYjzpfMuawmhw,f/ tJ'DrSmyJ ol uRefawmfhom;udk cGJpdwfukoay;cJhwmav/}} ]] olwm0efuswm[m;cg;rSmav/ b,fvdkvkyfNyD; a&qGmudka&mufvmovJ/ a&qGmeJY[m;cg; b,favmufa0;ovJ/}} uRefawmfpdwf0ifpm;pGmjzifhar;vdkuf\/ ]] b,fvdkaMumifhvnf;awmh uRefawmfvnf;rodzl;/ ol a&qGmudkwpfvxifw,f/ tif;--wpfvavmufvmaew,f/ a&qGmeJY [m;cg; rdkifwpf&mausmfausmfavmufa0;w,f/ vrf;uvnf;t&rf; Murf;w,f/ tckuav;vrf;qdk;w,fqdkwm tJ'Dvrf;tdyfaeoavmuf&Sdw,f/ rdk;wGif;qdk um;oGm;vdkY vHk;0 r&zl;/ tJ'Dvrf;rSm um;arSmufvdkYaooGm;wJholawGrenf;zl;/}} ]] Asm? [kwfvm;/}} 'DwpfcgthHtm;oifhMuolawGxJwGif uRefawmfomru atmifrdk;ygyg vm\/ atmifrdk;vnf; raeEdkifawmhyJ ]] 'Davmufqdk;wJhvrf;udk a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfu bmoGm;vkyfwm vJ/}} [k ar;vdkufawmhonf/ ]] tif; oluawmhwu,fhudk apwem&Sdw,fholygyJAsm/ q&m0efwpfcgrS ajcrcszl;wJh a&qGm em;u &GmAm;&Gmudkvnf; oGm;NyD; vlemMunfhao;w,fwJh/ cufwmu ola&qGmrSm wpfcsdefvHk; t&ufaomuf aewmyJ/ t&ufqdkifrSmyJtdyfw,f/ ydkNyD;qdk;wmu ESpfygwfavmuftMumrSm olYrdef;rqdkNyD;awmh [m;cg;u aumifrav;wpfa,mufvdkufvmw,f/}} ]] Asm--- olYrdef;r? [kwfvm;/}} tajctaersm;onf uRefawmfxifxm;onfrsm;xuf tq aygif;rsm;pGm &IyfaxG;aerSef; &dyfpm;rdvdkuf\/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf? a&qGm? olYrdef;rqdkaomaumifr av;wpfa,muf? uRefawmfaomufxm;aomt&ufrsm;yif b,fa&mufukefrSef;rod/ tvGef½IyfaxG;aemuf aemufusdoGm;\/ t&ufrl;onfxufyifydkírl;oGm;onf[k xifjrifrdonf/ tvGef&ufpufvSaom uHMur®mu a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftay:rsm; usa&mufcJhNyDvm;/ vlwdkif;u tjypfwifMuaomfvnf; vlwdkif;rodEdkifonfh tcsufrsm; &SdaecJhNyDvm;/ vlwdkif;em;rvnfEdkifonfh taetxm;rsm; &SdaecJhNyDvm;/ uRefawmfvnf; qufí ar;vdkuf\/ ]] OD;av;a&m? 'DunDyg olYtaMumif;bmrsm;qufodao;ovJ/ ajymjyygOD;/}} ukdxefusJu ]] uRefawmfawmif 'DODav;ajymrS 'gawGodwm/ uRefawmfwdkY odoavmufu awmh 'gtukefyJ/ q&muolYukdbmjzpfvdkY pdwf0ifpm;wmvJ/}} [k ar;vdkufonf/


16 uRefawmfvnf; Mum;&½kHESifh pdwf0ifpm;í þuJhodkYar;&jcif;jzpfaMumif;? pum;vnf;MuHKí jzpfaMumif;? jyefajymvdkuf\/ xdktcsdefwGif um;xGufawmhrnf[k wpfa,mufuvmí ajymaomaMumifh uRefawmfwdkYvnf; pm;vufp? aomufvufprsm;udk tqHk;owfí um;&Sd&modkYxGufcJhonf/ usoifhorQudk udkxefusJu twif;&Sif;aeí aus;Zl;wifaMumif;ajym&ao;\/ odkif;cif;qdkifrS 0ufajcaxmufpGwfjyKwf\ wefcdk;aMumifh uRefawmfwdkYESpfa,mufvnf; tDvnfvnfESifh t&uf\t&SdefaMumifh &Da0a0av;jzpfae\/ um;onf qufxGufjzpfcJhonf/ uRefawmfvnf; a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifh ygwfoufí ydkod&rnf[k xifcJhaomfvnf; ,cktcgwGif ydkí½IyfaxG;aom tcsuf tvufrsm;omxGufvmaomaMumifh tawmfpdwfaemufoGm;\/ t&uftenf;i,faomufNyD;rS um;pD;aom aMumifh apmapmu ay:aygufcJhaom aMumuf&HGUpdwfrsm;yifr&Sdawmh/ um;onf xHk;pHtwdkif; nnf;wGm;vsuf wtdtd wufaeavonf/ odkif;cif;rStxGufwGif wD;wdefodkY rdkifig;q,f[k a&;xm;aom qdkif;bkwfESifhtwl wD;wdefvrf;cGJudkawGY&av\/ wD;wdefrSwqifh wGef;ZHjrdKUESifhMucg;NrdKUrsm;odkYoGm;EdkifaMumif; ukdxefusJuajymjyonf/ ½lcif;rsm;rSm rdrdwdkYwufcJh&onfhvrf;rsm; omru rdrdwdkYqufwuf&rnfhvrf;rsm;udkygjrif&av\/ vrf;rSm awmifcg;yef;wGifazmufvkyfxm;jcif;jzpf&m awmifwef;rsm;wpfavsmufwGif vrf;udkjrif&avonf/ ]]vrf;rjrifurf;rjrifxufpm&if rif;wdkYuvrf; jrifae&awmh awmfao;wmayghuGm/}} [k ajymcJhaom Mu,fig;yGifhoabFmay:wGif wm0efuszl;onfh uRef awmfholi,fcsif;\ pum;udk owd&rdojzifh uRefawmfvnf; igwdkYuvrf;jrif&w,fqdkawmh awmfao;wmaygh [k MuHMuHzefzefajzodrfh&onf/ atmifrdk;vnf; xkH;pHtwdkif; xefusJESifhavypfíae\/ uRefawmfvnf; ½lcif;rsm;udkom ai; arm&if;ESifh vdkufygvm&m wpfzufawmifaMumü tdrfpkpkav;rsm;udk awGY&\/ xdktdrfuav;rsm;onf &Gmrsm;jzpf[ef&Sdonf/ xdktdrfuav;rsm;qDodkY oGm;aomvrf;uav;rsm;udkvnf; vSrf;íjrif&onf/ wpfae&m ta&mufwGif vrf;onftvGefusOf;í wpfzufawmifaMumay:rS ausmufcJrsm;jyKwfusvsuf&Sdum tjcm; wpfzuf urÇm;rSmvnf; tumt&Hrsm;r&SdyJ um;onf ',drf;',dkifESifh oGm;&m uRefawmfwdkYrSm aomufxm; aom t&uft&Sdefrsm; aysmufukefNyD; &ifwrrESifh bk&m;wae&\/ urf;rjrifvrf;rjrifu ydkaMumufzdkYaumif;w,f qdkaom oli,fcsif;tm; vrf;jrif&&if ydkNyD; aMumufzdkYaumif;w,f [k ajy;ajymcsifpdwfyifaygufoGm;onf/ rnfodkYyifqdkygap? um;onf atmifjrifpGm csDwufqJ/ vrf;onf yxrpwufwkef;uvdk twufodyfrrwfawmhojzifh t&Sdefav;jzifhoGm;EdkifacsNyD/ odkY&mwGif wufawmh wufae&qJ/ vrf;wGif um;wpfpD;ESifh wpfpD;awGY&m enf;enf;us,faom ae&modkY a&GUía&Smif&av\/ udkxefusJ\ tajymt& uRefawmfwdkYonf wD;wdefNrdKUe,fxJwGifom &Sdao;\/ wD;wdefNrdKUe,frS zvrf;NrdKUe,fodkY0ifrnfjzpfonf/ uRefawmfvnf;xHk;pHtwdkif; idkufvmojzifh um;udkrSDí idkufvdkuf\/ uRefawmfEdk;vmonfh tcsdefwGif um;onfNiD;aiGYpGma&SodkYcsDwufqJ/ þodkYESifh &Gmwpf&Gmta&mufwGif um;onf&yfvdkuf\/ c&D; onfrsm;tm;vHk; qif;Muonf/ toD;tESHwpfcsdKUudk a&mif;aeaom aps;onfrsm;udkvnf; awGY&\/ uRefawmf Za0Z0gjzpfaecsdefwGif atmifrdk;u ]] a[hvl/ cifAsm;u tdyfzdkYavmufomodw,f/ qif;&atmif/ 'g cGmrG,f &GmAs/ 0g;wD;0g;wD;--- }} [k ajymvdkufonf/ ]] [ xrif;pm;MuawmhrSmvm;/ tapmBuD;&Sdao;w,f/}} ]] b,fuvmapm&rSmvJ/ 12 em&DawmifcGJaeNyD/ cifAsm;rqmzl;vm;/qmqmrqmqm pm;& rSmyJ/ zvrf;a&mufzdkYu vdkOD;rSmwJh/ a&ShrSm odyfr&yfawmhzl;/}} ajymr,fhomajym&onf/ uRefawmfhAdkufxJwGifawmh qmovdkvdk &Sdom;/ ]] aumif;NyDav/ pm;wmaygh/ atmf--- a[hatmifrdk;? 'DrSm? udkxefusJudk igwdkY auR;vdkuf&atmif/ ol odkif;cif;rSmauR;wm tm;emp&mBuD;/}} ]] cifAsm;u tckrSvm wpfa&;Edk;ae/ uRefawmfu olYudkt&ufygwdkufzdkYpDpOfNyD;om;/}} ]] a[ rif;uydkifvScsnfvm;/}} ]] txmav;awGayghAsm? uJygAsm? ajymae&ifMumw,f/ qif;&atmif---}}


17 uRefawmfwdkYvnf; qif;vdkufMu\/ qdkifxJodkY 0ifvdkuf&m vltrsm;onf pm;yGJrsm;wGif xdkifí xrif;pm;zdkYtoD;oD;jyifqifaeMuonfudkawGYvdkuf&onf/ uRefawmfvnf; pm;yGJwpfckwGif 0ifxdkifvdkuf&if; ]] bm [if;awG&ovJrodzl;/}} [k ar;vdkuf&m atmifrdk;u vsifjrefpGmyif ]] Muufom;eJY 0ufom;ESpfrsdK;yJ &w,f/}} uRefawmfvnf; atmifrdk;tm; em;rvnfovdkMunfhae&m atmifrdk;u ]] cifAsm; *sD;rrsm;eJY/ 'g awmifay:qdkwmudkvnf; owd&OD;/}} [k ajymvdkfufonf/ ]] [m r[kwfygzl;/ rif;u aocsmvGef;tm;BuD;vGef;vdkYyg/ rif;u 'Dc&D;udk oGm;zl;wJhol usaewmyJ/}} ]] r[kwfygzl;/ udkxefusJ&JUaus;Zl;av/ olajymjyxm;wm/ cifAsm;u tdyfcsnf;yJtdyfaewm udk;/}} cPtMumwGif udkxefusJonf [if;cGufrsm;udk,lvmjyD; uRefawmfwdkYpm;yGJwGifcsí jyefxGuf oGm;\/ Muufom;ESpfyGJ? 0ufom;wpfyGJ? Muufom;yGJwGif Muufom;ESpfwHk;/ 0ufom;yGJwGifvnf; tqD wpfwkH;? tom;wpfwkH;? tm;vHk;ESpfwHk;/ tvGefnDrQaom [if;cGufrsm;jzpf\/ uRefawmfu ]] 'DrSmu odkif;cif;rSmvdkyJ q,fhqm;Apfxifw,f/ udkxefusJudkulnDrSjzpfr,fxifw,f/}} ]] cifAsm;NidrfNidrfaeprf;yg/ b,fudkoGm;NyD; bm,l&rSef; odwmvJr[kwfyJeJY/ udkxefusJudk t ultnDawmif;NyD;om;/ 'g blaz;vfAs/ aps;uvnf;twlwlyJ/ &Spf&mpDyJ/ [m; [m; [m;--- }} uRefawmfvnf; vdkuf&Dvdkuf&if; ab;em;rS pm;yGJay:wGif xyfí wifxm;aom yef;uefrsm; teufrS oHk;csyfudk vSrf;,lvkduf\/ NyD;aemuf ZGef;cuf&if;oHk;pHkudkyg ,lvdkufonf/ 'DwpfcgwGif udkxefusJonf t&ufykvif;ESifh zefcGufrsm;udk udkifNyD;a&mufvm\/ olvnf; wpfygwnf;0ifxdkifvdkufonf/ qdkifrSaumif av;wpfa,mufonf uRefawmfwdkYpm;yGJay:wGif xrif;ZvHkwpfvkH;udk ypfwifvdkuf\/ uRefawmfu ]] a[h atmifrdk; t&ufua&m rif;ajymovdk blaz;vfyJvm;/}} [k ar;vkduf\/ ]] t&ufudkblaz;vfvkyfvdkuf&if uRefawmfwdkYt½kdufcH&rSmaygh/ r[kwfzl;vm; udkxefusJ? [m; [m; [m;--- }} udkxefusJvnf; t&ufrsm;udk iSJYxnfhae&if;rSvdkuf&Dvdkuf\/ atmifrdk;uvnf; xrif;rsm;udk pm;yGJxdk;yrm yef;uefoHk;yef;uefxJodkY tnDtrQ xnfhae\/ qdkifrSrdef;rBuD;onf uRefawmfwdkYpm;yGJay:odkY yef;uefvHk;oHk;vHk;udkwifvdkufNyD; ol\yHk;xJrS [if;&nfrsm;udk ZGef;jzifhcyfíxnfhay;oGm;onf/ uRefawmfvnf; yef;uefvHk;wpfvHk;udk qGJ,lvdkuf&if; [if;&nfrsm;udkMunfhvdkuf&m--[if;&nfrsm;rSm a*:&cg;oD;ESifh wjcm;trsdK;trnfrodaom toD;rsm;udk xnfhí a&vHk jyKwfxm;aom wmvayg[if;&nfyif jzpfavonf/ uRefawmfvnf; tenf;i,fjrnf;Munfh&m tvGefaygh &GwfaeonfudkawGY&ojzifh udkxefusJtm; ]] udkxefusJ? [if;&nfuayghvScsnfvm;/}} [k ar;vdkuf\/ udkxefusJvnf;bmrSrajymyJ qm;cGufudk uRefawmfhqDodkYvSrf;ay;vdkufavonf/ uRefawmfvnf;bmrSr ajymyJ qm;cGufxJrS qm;tenf;i,fudk,lí cyfvdkufNyD; [if;&nfcGufudk'Dtwdkif;xm;vdkuf\/ NyD;rS udkxefusJurf;ay;vmaom t&ufcGuftm; ,lí armhcsvdkufavonf/


18 tcef ; (2)

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23 udkxefusJajymykHt&qdkvsifa'gufwmcspfoufaZmfwpfa,muf 0ufowfonfqdkjcif;rSm rSefaeayNyD/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfwpfa,muf rnfuJhokdYacsmifydwfrdoGm;í þuJhokdYvkyfvkduf&oenf; [k uRefawmfpOf;pm;aerdonf/ 'gqdkvsif aysmufqkH;aeonfqdkaom a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfrSm tqdkygcsif;rav; ESifh twlrsm;&SdaeNyDvm;/ udkxefusJtm;qufíar;&mwGif olrod[kqdk\/ uRefawmftaotcsmjyefpOf;pm;Munfhaom tcg udkxefusJajymoGm;onfhtxJwGif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ aumifrav;taMumif;rSvGJí bmrS txl;tqef;ryg/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf0ufowfonfqkdjcif;rSm ajrjyefYuwnf;u uRefawmfwdkYMum;NyD; om;owif;wpf&yfyif/ xdktwGufvnf; uRefawmfa&mufvmcJh&onfyif/ udkxefusJqufajymvdkufaompum;onf uRefawmf\rsufvHk;rsm;udkjyL;us,foGm;ap\/ ]] 'gayr,fh q&mcspfoufaZmf[m;cg;rSm r&Sdawmhzl;qdkwmaocsmw,fAs/ bmjzpfvdkYvJqdk awmh oleJYemrnfBuD;wJhaumifrav;u wjcm;olwpfa,mufeJYvufxyfoGm;vdkYyJAs/}} ]] Asm---}} vGefpGm½IyfaxG;aom 0uFyge,fxJodkY uRefawmf oufqif;vdkuf&ovdkcHpm; vdkuf&\/ udkxefusJtm;vnf; qufrar;&Jawmhay/ rSef;q&cufcJaomt&mrsm;xJwGif cspfjcif;arwåm\ twdrfteufvnf;yg0if\/ &ufpuf rI? emusnf;rI? ESifh ypfypfcgcgrkef;wD;rIwdkYonf wpfcgwpf&HwGif cspfjcif;arwåmü t&if;cHwwfMuonfyif/ jzpfay:vmwwfaomt&mrsm;pGmtay:wGif toifem;vnfrIay;Ekdif&efBudK;pm;yg/ odkYr[kwfygu toifhtm; rnfolrS em;vnfrIay;rnfr[kwfaMumif; toifodxm;&efvdkygonf/ udkxefusJvnf;bmrSqufrajymawmh/ uRefawmfvnf;bmrS qufrar;jzpfawmh/ ta0;rS awmifwef;rsm;ay:odkYom ai;Munfhaerd\/ þawmifwef;rsm;ay:wGif vma&mufíwm0efxrf;aqmifae Muaom aoG;&if;om;&if;nDtudk&if;rsm;tay:wGif av;pm;pdwfrsm;ay:rdonfum;trSefyifjzpfonf/ tp yxrwGif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftay:ü uRefawmf txifao;pdwfrsm;ay:rdcJhonfudk 0efcH&rnfjzpf\/ ,ck uRefawmfudk,fwdkif vma&muf&aomtcgwGif þuJhodkYaoma'orsdK;ü vma&mufí wm0efxrf; aqmifEdkifaom a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftm; av;pm;rdonf/ wpfcgwpf&HwGif udk,fwdkifa&muf&SdEdkifrSod&SdEkdifaomt&mrsm;pGm&Sd\/ ukd,fwdkifa&muf&SdEdkifrS udk,fcsif;pmEkdifaom t&mrsm;pGm&Sd\/ wpfcgu vlBuD;wpfa,mufonf csif;awmifodkYvmpOfum;\ tcuft cJaMumifhaoravmuf 'ku©a&mufcJh&aomaMumifh ol\vufatmufrS 0efxrf;rsm;tm; ajymjy&mwGif ol\ vufatmufrS0efxrfrsm;u txdwfwvefYjzpf[efrjyojzifh pdwfqdk;cJhzl;\/ odkYaomfvnf; ol\ 0efxrf;rsm; xJrS t&m&Sdjzpf[ef&Sdaom vlwpfa,muf\ pum;aMumifh olpdwfqdk;&cufoGm;\/ xkdol\ ajympum;rSm ]]q&mBuD;utckrSMuHK&wmyg/ uRefawmfwdkYtwGufuawmh &kd;aeygNyD/ q&mBuD;tae eJY 'DvdkMuHKawGY&rI tay:rSm tav;teufxm;&ifyJ uRefawmfwdkYauseyfvSygNyD/}} [lí jzpf\/ xdktaMumif;t&mrsm;udkjyefawG;rdaomtcg uRefawmfhtaeESifh idktm;xuf&Dtm;oefjzpfrd \/ uRefawmfudk,fwkdif 'Dc&D;vrf;udkoGm;cJhavNyD/ tawGYtMuKHvnf; &cJhavNyD/ aMumufvnf;aMumuf &GHwwfcJhavNyD/ um;onf wa&GUa&GUESifha&hSodkYESifqJ/ um;'&kdufbm\ auGYcsnf0dkufcsnfarmif;[efrsm;um; uRefawmfwdkY\ &ifckefrIrsm;tm; vkH;0tem;ay;vdkonfhtoGifr&Sday/ wu,fqkdvsif uRefawmfwdkYawGY MuHK&rIonf &efukefNrdKUwGif rdrdukd,frdrd cufcufcJcJ EdkifiHhwm0efukdxrf;aqmifae&ygonf[k qdkMuaom 0efxrf;rsm;tm; pdefac:vmcsifoa,mifa,mifyif jzpfcJh&av\/


24

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28 tcef ; (4) awmifay:NrdKUwpfNrdKUyifjzpfvifhupm; [m;cg;\vrf;rrsm;um; tawmfav;us,f0ef;vS\/ [m;cg;aq;½kHonf [m;cg;NrdKU\atmufbufwGif&Sdonf/ zvrf;ESifh ajymif;jyefyifjzpf\/ uRefawmfonf oGm;wdkufwHtm; udkufí jywif;aygufrSjrif&aom [m;cg;NrdKU½lcif;udk ai;Munfhaerdonf/ reufcif; aerif;onf vSypGmjzifh [m;cg;NrdKUudkvTrf;jcHKvsuf&Sd\/ b,fae&m&mudkyJ MunfhMunfh awmifwef;rsm;udk vSypGm jrifae&onf/ xdkawmifwef;rsm;ay:wGif tdrfrsm;jyefYusJaeonfudkvnf; awGY&onf/ uRefawmfonf nu tjzpftysufrsm;udk jyefawG;aerd\/ nu um;onf [m;cg;NrdKUt0if*dwfodkY &Spfem&DcGJavmufwGif a&muf&SdcJhonf/ *dwfwGif xkH;pHtwdkif; ppfaq;NyD; um;onfNrdKUxJodkY armif;ESifcJhonf/ uRefawmfwdkYESpfa,mufonf uav;NrdKUuwnf; uyif [m;cg;aq;&kHodkYvSrf;í zkef;jzifhtaMumif;Mum;xm;ojzifh um;*dwfodkYta&mufwGifaq;&kHrS um;vm BudK\/ um;*dwfonf [m;cg;NrdKU&Sd 0r®ol;armifabmvkH;uGif;eab;wGif wnf&Sdonf/ uRefawmfwdkY um;ay:rS qif;vdkufcsdefwGif [m;cg;aq;&kHrSvlESpfa,mufvmBudK\/ xdkvlESpfa,mufrSm a'ocHrsm;jzpfMuNyD; t&ufeHY rsm; arT;BudKifaeonf/ um;onf*spfum;jzpfNyD; rnfodkYqdkap? tqifajyrnfrSm aocsm\/ um;orm;u uRefawmfwdkYtm; Munfhí ]] q&mwdkYwynfhawGuawmh arT;BudKifaewmyJAsm/}} [kajymvkdufonf/ uRefawmfwdkYvnf; txkyftydk;rsm;udk um;ay:odkYwiftNyD;wGif udkxefusJtm;vdkufrvm;[k ar;&m udkxefusJutm;emívm;rod/ vrf;rMuHKaMumif;ajymojzifh uRefawmfwdkYvnf; udkxefusJudk Ekwfquf í xGufcJhavonf/ uRefawmfwdkYvnf; qmavmifvsuf&Sdojzifh um;orm;tm; aumif;rnf[kxifaom pm; aomufqdkifwpfckü &yf&efajym&m um;onf ausmfpm;aomufqdkif\ a&ShwGif&yfvdkufavonf/ ausmf pm;aomufqdkifonf opfom;rsm;jzifh aqmufvkyfxm;aomfvnf; aq;tjyma&mifokwfxm;ojzifh tvGef vSyvsuf&Sd\/ qdkiftwGif;odkY0ifoGm;&m qdkiftwGif;wGif tcef;av;rsm;zGJYxm;ojzifh qdkif\acwfrSDrIudk csD;rGrf;rdjyefonf/ qdkiftwGif;wGif tcef;udk,fpDrS t&ufrl;rl;jzifh us,favmifpGm ajymqdkaeMuaompum;oH rsm;udkom qlnHaeatmifMum;&av\/ uRefawmfwdkYvnf; vGwfaomtcef;wpfcef;wGif ae&m,lvdkufMu\/ xdktcsdefwGif qdkifrS pm;yGJxdk;jzpf[ef&Sdaom rdef;uav;wpfOD;0ifvmNyD; pum;oH0J0Jjzifh ]] q&mwdkY bmrsm;pm;MurvJ/}} [kar;\/ um;ESifhvmBudKaom a'ocHrsm;rSm pm;NyD;jzpfojzifh rpm;awmh[k qdkum tjyifodkY xGufoGm;Muawmhonf/ uRefawmfvnf; atmifrdk;bufodkYvSnfhvdkufNyD; ]] uJ? rif;bmpm;rvJ/}} [kar;vdkufonf/ atmifrdk;u ]] xHk;pHtwdkif;ayghAsm/ cifAsm;raomufawmhzl;vm;/}} [k ar;vdkufonf/ &moDOwkuvnf; at;ovdkvdk&Sdojzifh uRefawmfvnf; ]] [ aomufrSmayghuG/}} [k tvsif tjrefjyefajzvdkuf&onf/ atmifrdk;u ]] rodygzl;Asm/ cifAsm;u bmpm;OD;rvJqdkawmh raomufawmhzl;vdkvdkudk;As/ 'DrSmnDrav;? refaxmifh&rfwpfydkif;? aemufNyD;awmh a&oefY&w,faemf/ a&oefYESpfbl;? NyD;awmh tjrnf; ubmawGaumif;ovJ/}} [k ar;vdkufonf/ csif;rav;u ]] tukefaumif;ygw,f/}} [k jyefajz\/ ]] a[? eifuvnf; bmawGrSm&rSef;rodjzpfaewJhtcsdefrSm tukefaumif;w,fqdkawmhcuf wmaygh/}} ]] atmf 'DrSm rSmvdkY&wJh pm&if;&Sdygw,f/}} ]] atmf 'g refe,l;udk;/}} atmifrdk;vnf; tqdkyg refe,l;tm; aoaocsmcsmMunfh&if; ]] eifwdkY [m;cg;upkHom;yJ/ uJ? Muufom;okwfwpfyGJ? ig;jrif;csOfpyfwpfyGJ? tJ'gyJ? usefwmaemufrSrSmawmhr,f/}} [k rSmvdkufawmhonf/


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30 uRefawmfESifh atmifrdk;wdkYvnf; pum;qufírajymjzpfawmh/ pm;aomufqdkifum; tcef; rsm;uefYxm;íyif awmfawmhonf/ wjcm;tcef;rsm;rS pm;aomufolrsm;\ pum;ajymqdkoHrsm;rSm vGefpGm qlnHhvsuf&Sd\/ xdkpum;ajymqdkoHrsm;Mum;xJwGif uRefawmfwkdYem;vnfEkdifaom pum;rsm;ygovdk uRefawmfwdkYem;rvnfEdkifaom a'ocHpum;rsm;vnf;ygonf/ uRefawmfESifh atmifrdk;wdkYonf pm;p&m&Sdonfrsm;udk tm;&yg;&pm;tNyD;ü usoifhaiGrsm;tm; tar&duefppöwrfjzifh (qdkvdkonfrSm wpfa,mufwpf0uf) &Sif;tNyD;wGif uRefawmfwpfckudk owd&vdkuf\/ xdkYaMumifh atmifrdk;tm; ]] atmifrdk;? rif;uawmh aq;½kHrSmtdyfwmu [kwfygNyD/ igu aq;½kHrSmvdkuftdyfvdkYb,faumif;yghrvJ/}} [kajymvdkuf&m atmifrdk;u ]] cifAsm;? bmrSpdwfryleJY/ uRefawmf Munfh&Sif;r,f/}} [kajymvdkufav\/ uRefawmfvnf; pdwfxJrSaMumuf&GHovdkvdkjzpfvmojzifh atmifrdk;tm; ]] jzpfyghrvm;uG/ tckyJ rif;&JUrD;pifMunfhu tpDtpOfawmif 'Davmuf uarmufur jzpfaewm/}} [k ar;csvdkufonf/ atmifrdk;u ]] pdwfcsygAsm/ tck[mu apmapmuvdkr[kwfygzl;/}} [k jyefajz\/ uRefawmfvnf; bmrSqufrajymjzpfawmh/ apmapmu a'gufwmcdkifjrifhqdkaomoltaMumif; udkompOf;pm;aerd\/ a'gufwmcdkifjrifhonf [m;cg;wGif&Sdaeaom q&m0efrsm;teuf a'gufwmcspfouf aZmftm; jrifzl;onfh wpfOD;wnf;aom q&m0efqdkygvm;/ olYtm; uRefawmf ar;csifonfrsm;&Sdaomfvnf; ,cktcsdefwGifrl rjzpfEdkifao;/ oltvGefrl;aeaomaMumifh olajymoGm;aompum;rsm;rSm tb,frQrSefrnf udkvnf; rcefYrSef;wwfao;/ uRefawmfwkdYqdkiftjyifodkYxGufvmaomtcsdefwGif um;orm;rsm;xGufvmMuNyD; ]] q&mwdkY pm;vdkYNyD;MuNyDvm;/}} [k ar;&m uRefawmfwdkYvnf; pm;NyD;aMumif;ajymí um;ay:odkYwufvdkufMuonf/ um;onfxGufcJh&m awmifatmufodkYpdkufqif;aeojzifh uRefawmfwdkYtawmfxdwfvefYoGm; Mu\/ [m;cg;odkYa&mufNyD;onfhwdkif um;ESifhum;vrf;rsm;\ oJxdwf&ifzdkZmwfvrf;rsm;um; tqHk;r owfao;/ um;onf jynfe,fjynfolYaq;½kHBuD;? [m;cg;NrdKU csif;jynfe,f [laomqdkif;bkwfa&hSwGif&yfvdkuf\/ nonfarSmifrdkufvsuf&SdaeacsNyD/ xdkqdkif;bkwf\aemufwGifBuD;rm;aomESpfxyfwdkuftaqmuftOD wpfcku uRefawmfwdkYtm;BudKqdkvsuf&Sdonf/ xdktaqmuftODESifh uRefawmfwdkYtMum;wGif puf0dkif;ykHpH yef;jcHi,f wpfcku rD;acsmif;\tvif;a&mifrsm;atmufwGif awmufyae\/ uRefawmfonf þuJhodkYaomae&mrsdK;wGif tvGefcefYnm;aom qif0ifESifh ESpfxyfwdkuf taqmuftODtm;jrifawGY&vdrfhrnf[k rcHpm;rdcJhzl;yg/ ]] 'gaq;½kHvm;/}} [k um;orm;rsm;tm;ar;Munfhvdkufonf/ xdktcsdefwGif atmifrdk;u ]] [kdrSmavAsm/ jyifyvlemXmewJh/ aq;½kHjzpfrSmaygh/}} [k Mum;0ifajymvdkuf\/ 'DwpfcgwGifawmh tcsdefjynfhrSefcJhaom atmifrdk;vGJoGm;awmhonf/ taMumif;rSmum;orm; u ]] jyifyvlemXmeawmh [kwfw,f/ 'gayr,fh aq;½kHawmhr[kwfzl;/}} [k jyefajzvdkufaomaMumifh jzpf\/ atmifrdk;u a'goxGufvsuf ]] b,faq;½kHrSmrqdk jyifyvlemXmeeJY aq;½kHeJYwqufwnf; yJ/ cifAsm;wdkYaq;½kHub,fvdkjzpfwmvJ/ tlaMumifMum;aq;½kH ---}} [k url;½l;xdk; ajym\/ uRefawmfvnf; raeomawmhyJ ]] rif;u 'g[m;cg;qdkwmarhaeYjyDeJYwlw,f/ atmf'geJY uRef awmfar;yg&ap/ aq;½kHub,frSmvJ/ }} [k ar;vdkufonf/ um;orm;u cyfvSrf;vSrf;rS rD;a&mif vufvufjzpfaeaom ae&mwpfcktm;nTefjyvsuf ]] tJ'gaq;½kHyJ/}} [k wdkwdkwkwfwkwfajz\/ atmifrdk;u a'gorajyao;yJ ]] 'gqdk tD;trftdku b,frSmaevJ/}} [kar;vdkuf&m um; orm;vnf; vHk;0em;rvnfEdkifovdkjzpfaeaomaMumifh uRefawmfuyifqufí ]] nbufwm0efuswJhq &m0efudkajymwm/ olb,frSmaevJ/}} [k jyifqifar;vdkuf&\/ um;orm;u xdktcgusawmhrS wjcm;wpfzuftm;nTefjyvdkufNyD; ]] a[m[dku uGmwmrSm aew,f/}} [kajymvdkuf\/


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32 uszl;wJh a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf&JUtudkyg/}} [k ajymcsvdkufavonf/ uRefawmfvnf;em;rvnfEdkifpGmESifh atmifrdk;tm;Munfhvkduf\/ atmifrdk;u pdwfryleJY [laomykHpHrsdK;jzifhol\pum;rsm;udkqufvsuf&Sdonf/ ]] tcka'gufwmcspfoufaZmfu tdrfudkjyefra&mufwmeJYolvdkufvmwm? ppöwmBuD;wdkYvnf; tultnDay;MuygOD;/}} ppöwmBuD;vnf; awGa0pGmjzifh ]] uRefru'Dudka&mufwm vydkif;yJ&Sdao;w,f/ a'gufwm cspfoufaZmfqdkwm emrnfomMum;zl;vdkufw,f/ jrifawmhrjrifzl;zl;/}} [k ajymvdkufíol\aemufbufwGif &yfaeaom 0yfqm;AefYtm; vSnfhMunfhvdkufNyD; a'ocHpum;oHrsm;ay:xGufvmawmh\/ cPtMumwGif 0yfqm;AefYu ]] uRefru 'DrSmvkyfwmMumNyDqdkawmh a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf udk aumif;aumif;odw,f/ oluawmh a[m'D[m;cg;rSm emrnftawmfBuD;w,f/ vlemawGudkvnf;t &rf;*&kpdkufw,f/ cGJwJh? pdwfwJhae&mrSmvnf; awmfw,f/ olcGJay;oGm;wJhvlemawGrenf;zl;/}} [k ajym\/ atmifrdk;u vufumjyvkdufNyD; ]] uRefawmfwdkYu olcGJwJh? pdwfwJhtaMumif; rodcsifzl;/ ol 0ufowfw,fqdkwJhtaMumif;yJodcsifw,f/ }} [k wJhwdk;ajymcsvdkufonf/ atmifrdk;\ajympum;tqkH;wGif 0yf'fqm;AefYBuD;onf bmrSqufrajymawmhyJNidrfoufoGm; awmhonf/ ppöwmBuD;vnf; rsufpdysuf? rsufESmysufESifh atmifrdk;tm;Munfhvsuf ]] q&m? NyD;wJhudpöudk bmjzpfvdkY wl;qGcsif&wmvJ/ tJ'Dudpöu tm;vkH;odMuwmyJ/ aemufjyD; tJ'Dudpöudk uRefrwdkY wwfEdkifo avmufrajymMuzl;/ ajym&ifvnf; arx&Gefu rBudKufzl;/ aemufNyD; tJ'g[m [m;cg;aq;&kHtwGufomru uRefrwdkYtm;vkH;twGuf trnf;pufBuD;wpfckvdkyJ/ }} [k ajymvdkufav\/ uRefawmfvnf; ppöwmtm;cPrQMunfhvdkufNyD; qufíajymvdkufonf/ ]] 'Dvdkygppöwm? uRefawmfwdkYvnf; tema[mif;udkjyefrazmfcsifygzl;/ tck[mu ajym&vnf;cufygw,f/ a'gufwmcspf oufaZmfu tcktxd olwm0efuswJhae&mudka&m? olYtdrfudka&mjyefrvmzl;/ qdkvdkwmu aysmufae w,fayghAsm/ tckuRefawmfu olYudk&SmzdkYxGufvmwmyg/ }} xdktcsdefwGif 0yf'fqm;AefYBuD;xHrS tHhtm;oifhoHrsm;xGufay:vmonf/ ]] q&mcspfouf aZmfu bmjzpfvdkYaysmuf&wmvJ/ ol&efukefudkjyefoGm;w,fr[kwfzl;vm;/}} ppöwmBuD;vnf; raeomyJ ]] uRefr'Daq;&kHudka&mufawmh olYtaMumif;udkomMum;vkduf& w,f/ vludkawmhrawGY&zl;/ uRefrwdkYxifwmu tapmBuD;uwnf;u oljyefoGm;NyDxifwm/}} [k ajz\/ atmifrdk;vnf; uRefawmfhbufodkYvSnfhvdkufNyD; ]] uJAsm/ tcsdefawGtrsm;BuD;&Sdygao; w,f/ aemufrSat;at;aq;aq;ajymMuwmaygh/ atmf 'geJYppöwmBuD; 'Daq;&kHrSmq&m0efb,fESpfa,muf &SdovJ/}} [k ar;vdkufjyefonf/ xdktcsdefwGif 0yf'fqm;AefYBuD;u0ifí ]] tr,fav;/ [dkwkef;uqdk&if uRefrwdkY[m;cg; rSm q&m0efqdkwm &SmrS&Sm;/ tckrsm;awmh q&m0efqdkwm ½kdufowfvdkYrukefwJhtwdkif;yJ/ }} [k 0ifajz\/ ppöwmBuD;onf 0yf'fqm;AefYtm; a'ocHpum;rsm;jzifh ypfa[mufvdkufojzifh 0yf'fqm;AefY MuD;vnf;jidrfoGm;awmhonf/ uRefawmfwdkYESpfa,mufvnf; Zufrsm;ykoGm;awmh\/ ppöwmBuD;u tvGeftm; emoGm;onfh[efjzifh ]] cGifhvGwfyg&Sif/ olwkdYuodyfpum;rajymwwfMuzl;/ uRefrtxifawmh q&m0ef ESpfq,favmufawmh&Sdr,fxifw,f/}} [k ajymvdkufonf/ uRefawmfwdkYvnf; bmajym&rSef;rodatmifyif jzpfoGm;\/ cPtMumwGif ppöwmBuD;u ]] uJ/ q&mwdkY at;at;aq;aq; tem;,lMuOD;aemf/ uRefrwdkYoGm;vdkufOD;r,f/}} [kajymí ppöwmBuD;onf 0yf'fqm;AefYBuD;tm;ac:um xGufoGm;awmhonf/ olwdkYxGufoGm;rS uRefawmfvnf; atmifrdk;bufodkYvSnfhvdkufNyD; ]] rif;uvkyfcsvdkuf jyefNyD/ igvnf; ae&if;xdkif&if; a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf&JUtudkjzpfaeNyD/ }} [k ajymvdkufonf/


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34 q&mBuD;tm;vSrf;í EkwfqufvdkufNyD; uRefawmfwdkY0dkif;bufodkYul;vmonf/ xdkolESpfOD;wdkYrSm uRefawmf wdkY touft&G,fESifhrwdrf;r,drf;yif/ olwkdY\tenf;i,fjzLaom tom;t&nfESifh olwdkY\ 0wfykHpm;ykH rSm ajrjyefYom;rsm;jzpfaMumif;az:jyvsuf&Sdonf/ wpfOD;rSm rsufrSefudkwyfqifxm;NyD; qHyifudkaemuf odkYvSefíNzD;xm;\/ usefwpfOD;rSm Ekwfcrf;arT;ppESifh bdkoDbwfoDykHpHrsdK; jzpf\/ q&mBuD;u ]] rif;wdkYudkrdwfqufay;&OD;r,f/ olwdkYu 'Duvufaxmufq&m0efawGav? 'DrSefaMumifu EdkifOD;? [dkaumifu 0if;OD; tJ--- r[kwfygzl;/ ouf0if; [J[J olwdkYudk aemufaeus qdkawmh rSm;oGm;w,f/}} [k ajymí rdwfqufay;\/ EdkifOD;qdkolu ]] q&mBuD;uawmhvkyfcsvdkufjyefNyD/}} [kajymí &Daeawmhonf/ uRefawmfwdkYvnf; uRefawmfwdkYukd,fuRefawmfwdkYrdwfquf&if; vufqGJEkwfqufvdkufMuonf/ EdkifOD;u q&mBuD;bufodkYvSnfhMunfh&if; ]] q&mBuD; [dkudpö tqifajyoGm;NyDvm;/}} [kar;vdkuf\/ q&mBuD; u ]] bmvJ/ qlcGm;&fudpövm;/ ajyoGm;NyDayghuG/ igu tjywfajymvdkufwmudk;/ rif;wdkYtomaeyg/ igMunfh vkyfyghr,f/}} [k ajymvdkufonf/ xdktcsdefusrS a'gufwmEdkifOD;onf oufjyif;csvsuf ]] awmfao;wmaygh/ q&mBuD;&SdvdkY/}} q&mBuD;vnf; tvGefemusnf;onfhykHpHrsdK;jzifh uRefawmfwdkYbufodkYvSnfhí ajymvdkufav onf/ ]] 'DrSm? udkatmifrdk;eJYudkausmfcdkifa&- cifAsm;wkdYpOf;pm;MunfhygOD;Asm/ 'Duav;awGu a[m'D[m; cg;txd vmjyD;wm0efxrf;aqmifMuw,f/ uRefawmfhtaeeJYuawmhAsm/ olwdkvmNyD;wm0efxrf;aqmifwm udkyJ aus;Zl;wifvSjyD/ olwdkYrvm&if uRefawmfwdkYyJ 'ku©a&mufrSmaygh/ olwdkYvnf; 'DrSm wm0efausMuyg w,fAsm/ tJ'gudkvkyfief;vdktyfcsufqdkNyD;awmh 'DavmufoGm;a&;vma&;cufwJhawmifwef;a'oBuD;rSm bm wpfckrSvnf;pDpOfray;yJeJY toufeJY&if;NyD;oGm;cdkif;wm w&m;ovm;Asm/ ]] cifAsm;wdkYuRefawmfajym&if pdwfavoGm;r,f/ tJ'DudpöudkpDpOfaewmb,folawGxifovJ/ uRefawmfwdkYq&m0efawGtcsif;csif;yJ/ jynfe,f&kH;uq&m0efawGav/ uRefawmfuawmh tjywfyJ? BudKuf ovdkvkyfAsm/ uRefawmfhuav;awGudkray;Edkifzl;vdkYyJajymcJhw,f/ cifAsm;wdkYvnf; om;orD;csif; udk,f csif;pmwJhpdwfuav; enf;enf;avmufawmifrarG;Edkifzl;vm;vdkYa[mufypfcJhw,f/}} [k ajymcsvdkuf\/ q&mBuD;onf ol\pum;rsm;udkav;eufpGmajymqdkaeonfrSm igtpm;uRefawmfudkyifxnfh okH;oGm;cJhonf/ uRefawmfvnf; odyfem;rvnfovdkvkd&Sdojzifh ]] q&mBuD;ajymwm uRefawmfwdkYajrjyefYrSm vkyfaewJh &pfvDAifqdkwmvm;/}} [k ar;vdkuf\/ xdktcsdefwGif wpfcsdefvkH;NidrfaecJhaom udkouf0if;u ]] [kwfwmayghAsm/ uRefawmfwdkY ajrjyefYrSmuawmh oGm;a&;vma&;vG,fwmudk;/ tckqlcGm;&fvrf;uAsm? um;arSmufvdkYaowJholawG enf;wm r[kwfzl;/ aemufNyD; [dkrSmubmrSvnf;pm;p&mr&Sdzl;/ tck[mu cPwjzKwfwpf&ufESpf&uf r[kwfzl;/ wpfvawmifoGm;&rSm/}} [k 0ifajymvdkufonf/ uRefawmfvnf; wpfckckudkowd&oGm;onf/ xdkYaMumifh ]] udkcspfoufaZmf a&qGmudk oGm;& w,fqdkwm &pfvDAifxifw,f/ }} [k ar;vdkufrd\/ q&mBuD;u ]] [kwfwmaygh/ tJ'Dwkef;u igr&SdvdkYyguGm/ ig&Sd&ifawmh ulnDvdkY&wmaygh/ tck'DaumifawG qlcGm;&fawmif 'DavmufaMumufaeMuwm/ a&qGmu qlcGm;&fuae aemufxyfwjyefavmuf oGm;&ao;w,f/ aemufNyD; ydkNyD;awmh vrf;Murf;w,f/ cspfoufaZmfu uHqdk;wmyg/ tJ'Dwkef;u ighae&mrSm bwfoD;vdkYac:wJh aq;&kHtkyfwpfa,muf&Sdw,f/ olu pdwf"gwftawmfav;nHhw,f/ ig'Dae&mrSm wm0ef xrf;aqmifae&wmaysmfaew,fvdkYrsm; xifovm;/ b,faysmfrvJ/ udk,fhae&ma'orSr[kwfwm/ 'gayr,fh wm0eft& raevdkYvnf;rjzpfzl;qdkawmh 'DvdkyJ udk,fhvufatmufi,fom;awGeJYaysmfatmifae&wmaygh/ ]] tJ bwfoD;uawmh tJ'Dvdkr[kwfzl;a[h/ udk,fraysmf&if udk,fhvufatmufu0efxrf; awGvnf; raysmf&zl;qdkwJh tawG;rsdK; olYacgif;xJrSm&SdwmtHhtm;oifhp&myJ// e*kdwkef;u [m;cg;rSm &pfvD Aifqdkwm&Sdwmr[kwfzl;/ tckolu pNyD;acsmufwGef;cJhvdkY tckvdkrsdK; jzpfae&wm/ cspfoufaZmfwdkYuawmh ajrpmyifawG jzpfcJh&wmayghuGm/}}


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36 qdk;BuD;wpfckomjzpfonf/ wpfcgwpf&HwGifvkyfief;vdktyfcsufr&SdygyJvsuf Edkifvdkrif;xufoabmrsdK;jzifh bwfoD;uJhodkYaomq&m0efBuD;rsdK;onf &pfvDAifudkr&raetoufoGif;wwfMuonf/ xdk&pfvDAifaMumifh vkyfief;cGifudkomru q&m0eftvkyfudkygpGefYcGgoGm;Muaom q&m0efrsm;'keJYa';&SdaMumif; q&mMuD;u ajymjy \/ usm; usm; ESifh wu,fhusm;vmvsifrodMuawmhouJhodkYyif vkyfief;vdktyfcsuf&SdvmaomtcgwGif &pfvDAifta&;wBuD;vTwf&efvdktyfvmaomtcsdefrsm;ü q&m0efrsm;r&SdMuawmhay/ EdkifiHawmftwGuf epfem vSayonf/ tdrfrufqdk;rsm;Mum;rS uRefawmfhudk&kef;xGufcGifhay;yg/ vGefajrmufcGifh ay;yg/ wpfaeY wpfcsdefcsdefwGif ajymjyíaumif;avmufonfh ykHjyifwpfyk'fjzpfvmEdkifonfhwdkif vkH;0rawGYMuKHvdkyg/ em; vnfay;Muyg/ uHw&m;\ twkefYtvSnfh&Sdonfh oabmw&m;udkESvkH;oGif;yg/ q&mBuD;u atmifrdk;tm; ]] a[h/ atmifrdk; rif; igeJY&kH;cef;udk cPvdkufcJh/ rif; &DydkY a&;zdkYigvkyfay;r,f/}} [kajymvdkufNyD; uRefawmfhbufodkYvSnfhí ]] udkausmfcdkifu EdkifOD;wdkYeJYtysif;ajy vdkufoGm;aygh/ cif;Asm;u tckrS a&mufwmqdkawmh [m;cg;&JUt&omudkodOD;rSm r[kwfzl;/}} [k&D&Darmarm ajymqdkí tdkyD'DxJodkY0ifoGm;awmhonf/ atmifrdk;vnf; q&mBuD;ESifh vdkufygoGm;\/ uRefawmfvnf; q&mBuD;tm;Ekwfqufí a'gufwmEdkifOD;wdkYESifhvdkufygvm\/ a'gufwm ouf0if;onf trsm;u0if;OD;vdkYac:&avmufatmifyif[dwf[efrsm;\/ vrf;avsmuf&mwGifvnf; [ef wpfvkH;ESifhjzpfonf/ abmif;bDtdwfxJodkYvufEIdufNyD; aeumrsufrSefudkrmefygygwwfqifxm;onf/ a'gufwmEdkifOD;u uRefawmfhtm; ]] q&mausmfcdkifu 'Dtxdawmifvdkufvmw,fqdkawmh q&mcspfoufaZmfudk tawmfoHa,mpOfBuD;wmyJaemf/ tif;ayghav--- tudkBuD;tzt&mqdkawmh--- }} uRefawmfvnf; tawmfpdwfusOf;MuyfoGm;\/ [efaqmif&jcif;udkuRefawmftvGefrkef;wD; onf/ 'DvdkykHpHrsdK;jzifh uRefawmfMum&SnfpGm [efraqmifEdkifrSef;odae\/ odkYaomfvnf; tckcsufjcif; trSefudkajymacsaomf wrsdK;txifcH&rnfudkvnf;pdk;&drf&jyefonf/ atmifrdk;ajymovdk aemufrSyJrD;pif Munfhurnf[kpOf;pm;vdkufrdNyD; Nidrfaevdkufrdawmhonf/ odkYaomfvnf; a'gufwmouf0if; ajymvdkuf aompum;rsm;aMumifh uRefawmfpdwf&IyfoGm;awmh\/ ]] q&mcspfoufaZmfu ajrjyefYrSmvnf; pGHw,feJYwlw,f/ [kwfw,fr[kwfvm;/}} uRefawmf\tcuftcJudk ajz&Sif;ay;vkdufolrSm ta0;uajy;vmaeaom a'ocHtrsdK;orD; BuD;wpfOD;yifjzpfawmhonf/ xdktrsdK;orD;BuD;u a'gufwmEdkifOD;tm; pum;oH0J0Jjzifh ]] q&mwdkY- q&mBuD; OD;a&Txufudk awGYrdovm;/}} [k atmfar;vdkufonf/ ]] tckyJ&kH;ay:wufoGm;NyD/ bmawGta&;BuD;vmwmvJ/}} ]] q&moef;atmifu ac:cdkif;vdkufvdkY/ vlemwpfa,mufudpö ta&;BuD;vkdYwJh/}} a'gufwmouf0if;u ]] ['gqdk/ igwdkY udkoef;atmifqDoGm;Mu&atmif/}} [kajymvdkuf&m uRefawmfESifha'gufwmEdkifOD;wdkYvnf; vdkufygoGm;Muawmhonf/


37 tcef ; (5) [m;cg;aq;&kHonf awmifurluav;ay:wGifaqmufvkyfxm;jcif;jzpf\/ [m;cg;aq;½kH\ jyifyvlemXmerSm ESpfxyfwdkufjzpfaomfvnf; aq;&kHrSm wpfxyfwdkufuav;rsm;omjzpf\/ xdkYtjyif aq;½kH\ eH&Hrsm;rSm teDa&mifrsm;okwfvdrf;xm;ojzifh aq;½kHyDoaeonf/ teDa&mifwpfxyfwdkufaq;½kHudk yapmufykHoP²mef aqmufvkyfxm;NyD; aemufrS aqmufvkyfonfqdkaom t0ga&mifwpfxyfwdkufopfonf yapmuf\ wpfzuftem;om;rSay:xGufvmum aq;½kHtm;0ef;&Hxm;ouJhodkY&Sdonf/ aq;&kHtvnfwGif yef;pdkuf0goemygaom arx&GefBuD;\ puf0dkif;ykHyef;jcHav;&SdNyD; pdkuf ysdK;xm;aom yef;trsdK;tpm;rSmvnf;pkHvifvsuf&Sdum yef;rsm;rSmvnf; iSg;iSg;pGifhpGifhyGifhzl;vsuf&Sdonf/ [m;cg;aq;&kH\ jyifyvlemXme &Sd&m ESpfxyfwdkufonf t*FvdyfpmvkH;wDykHpHjzpfNyD; tay:xyfwGif aq; &kHtkyf&kH;cef;ESifh aq;&kHpwdkwdkY&Sdí atmufxyfwGif jyifyvlemXme?oGm;ukXme? "gwfrSefcef;ESifh "gwfcJGcef;wdkY&Sd Muonf/ [m;cg;aq;&kH ESifh jyifyvlemXmewdkYtMum;wGif tweftoifh us,faom a&uefi,f&Sdaejcif; aMumifh [m;cg;aq;&kHonf om,mvsuf&Sd\/ [m;cg;aq;&kHonf [m;cg;NrdKU&Sdtdrfrsm;uJhodkYyif ,if;\taqmuftODrsm;onf jyefYusJ vsuf&Sdonf/ uRefawmfwdkY [m;cg;aq;&kHtwGif;odkY0ifa&mufoGm;csdefwGif a'gufwmEdkifOD;u ezl;ajymif ajymif qHyifusJusJESifh vlwpfa,muftm; ]] udkoef;atmif bmawGrsm;ta&;ay:aevdkYvJAs/}} [kar;vdkuf ojzifh xdkolrSm a'gufwmoef;atmifjzpfrSef;odvdkuf&onf/ a'gufwmoef;atmifonf uRefawmfwdkYtzGJYtm;jrifvdkuf&onfhtcsdefwGif tvGefpdwf&Iyf onfhykHpHrsdK;jzifh ]] rvG,fzl;/ udkEdkifOD;a&--- [dkaeYu cifAsm;wifvdkufwJh vlemtzdk;BuD;av/ 'DaeY reufusrS Adkufuvnf;emNyD;wif;vmw,f/ aemuf aoG;aygifvnf; us? jzLzwfjzLavsmfvnf; jzpfvmw,f/ tJ'geJY uRefawmfvnf;prf;oyfMunfhvkdufawmh AdkufxJrSm t&nfawG&SdaewmudkawGY&w,fAsm/ tJ'gudk tyfeJYpkwfMunfhvdkufawmh aoG;awGjzpfaew,f/ 'geJYvlem&SifudkaoG;oGif;&r,f/ aoG;&SmvdkYvnf; ajymvdkuf a&m cifAsm;ajymovdk ta&;ay:awmhwmyJ/}} [k ajymvdkufav\/ uRefawmfvnf; uRefawmfwwfuRrf;cJhonfh aq;ynmESifhtajy;tvTm;pOf;pm;Munfhrdonf/ a'gufwmoef;atmifajymykHt&qdkvsif vlemonf cE¨mudk,ftwGif;aoG;xGufjcif;yifjzpfonf/ tu,fí vlemonf touft&G,fi,fi,frdef;uav;wpfOD;jzpfygu om;tdrftjyifwGif oaE¨wnfjcif;jzpfEdkifonf [laom tcsufudk xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;í &Ekdifrnfjzpfaomfvnf; ,cktcgwGif vlemonf trsdK;om;BuD;wpfOD; jzpfaeonf/ trsdK;om;vlemrsm;wGifxdkuJhodkYjzpfwwfjcif;rSm rsm;aomtm;jzifh tufpD'efYwpfrsdK;rsdK;aMumifhom jzpf\/ xdktcsdefwGif a'gufwmouf0if;u ]] udkoef;atmif&/ 'Dtzdk;BuD;rSm tufpD'efYjzpfwJh &mZ0if&Sdvm;/}} [kar;vdkuf&m a'gufwmoef;atmifu ol\ ezl;ajymifajymiftm;pdwfysufvufysufyGwf vdkuf&if; ]] tJ'gaMumifh cufaewmayghAsm/ olaq;&kHwufwm av;ig;&ufavmuf&SdNyD/ AdkufatmifhvdkY qdkNyD;awmh wufwm? aq;&kHpwufpu bmvu©PmrS r&Sdzl;/ 'DaeYreufrS tckvdkrsdK;csufjcif;jzpfvmwm/}} a'gufwmEkdifOD;u ]] udkoef;atmifajymwm[kwfw,fAs/ uRefawmfhtcsdefrSm vmwufwm/ tJh'Dwkef;u at;at;aq;aq;yJ/ olYrSmxdrdcdkufrdwJh &mZ0ifvnf;r&Sdzl;/ bma&m*grsm;jzpfEdkifrvJ/}} uRefawmfvnf; pdwftawmf&IyfoGm;onf/ vlem\a&m*grSm tvGefpkd;&drf&aomtajctae jzpf\/ a'gufwmoef;atmifvnf; ]] cifAsm;wdkYudk uRefawmfajymOD;r,f/ tckuRefawmfwdkYu vlem &JUtoufudku,frSmav/ a&m*gudkcsnf;yJ tm&kPfxm;aevdkYr&zl;/ jyóemu tckvlemrSm uRefawmfwdkY aoG;t&ifoGif;&r,f/ NyD;awmh vlemaoG;aygifwufvm&if cGJvdkY&&ifcGJ&r,f/ r[kwfzl;vm;/ cGJrSvnf; olYAdkufxJu aoG;xGufaewJhae&mudk ydwfEdkifr,fav/ r[kwfzl;vm;/}} [k ajym\/ a'gufwmEdkifOD;u ol\rsufrSefudkyifhwifvdkuf&if; ]] 'gayr,fh udkoef;atmifa&/ cGJzdkY


38 qdkwmuvnf; aoG;&SdrSjzpfrSmAs/ EdkYrdkYqdkaoG;xGufvGefNyD; aooGm;vdrfhr,f/}} [k tMuHay;vdkufonf/ xdktcsdefwGif a'gufwmoef;atmifonf &I;&I;&Sm;&Sm;jzpfvsuf ]] tJ'gudkajymwmayghAs/ tckvlemudkaoG;oGif;csifw,f/ aoG;&Smay;ygvdkY vlem&SifawGudkvnf; ajymvdkufa&m? vlem&SifawGu aoG; roGif;csifzl;vdkYajymMuw,f/ NyD;awmh aoG;oGif;r,fqdkvdkY&Sd&ifvnf; uRefawmfwdkYuvlem&JUtoufudk tmrcH&r,fvdkYvnf;ajymaeMuw,f/ tJ'gudGKifyJ/}} [k ajymcsvdkuf\/ ]] Asm---}} uRefawmfwdkYtm;vkH; tHhtm;oifhoGm;Muonf/ a'gufwmouf0if;u ol\ aeumrsufrSefudk cRwfodrf;vdkuf&if; ]] bmjzpfvdkYwJhvJAsm/}} [k ar;vdkufonf/ xdktcsdefwGif tuFDsjzL ESifh vkHcsnftjymEkudk0wfqifxm;aom arx&GefBuD;u tajzay; vkdufonf/ ]] q&m? olwdkYuav? a*sa,m0g0pfweufpf tzGJYurdkYvdkYygyJq&m/}} arx&GefBuD;\ toGiftjyifrSm wnfMunfcefYnm;vS\/ olr\&kyf&nfudk Munfhjcif;tm;jzifh i,fi,futawmfacsmarmvSyrnfholwpfOD;jzpfrnf[k aumufcsufcsrdonf/ olr\ pum;ajym[efrSm nifom,Ofaus;vS\/ olruyifqufí ]] uRefrwdkYc&pf,mefrSm a*sa,m0g0pfweufpftzGJY[m tawmf av;,kHMunfcsufjyif;wJh tzGJYwpfckygyJ/ olwdkYu aoG;oGif;wmvnf;vufrcHzl;/ om;ig;vnf;rpm;Muzl;/ wpfcsdKUqdk aq;awmifraomufMuzl;/}} [k &Sif;jy\/ xdktcsdefwGifq&mBuD;OD;a&Txufa&mufvmojzifh uRefawmfwdkYpum;0dkif;vnf;jywfoGm;awmh onf/ q&mBuD;tm; tusdK;taMumif; 0kdif;ajymítNyD;wGif q&mBuD;onf vGefpGmpdwfysufonfhykHpHrsdK;jzifh ta0;odkYtwefMumai;Munfhae\/ xdkYaemufwGifq&mBuD;u]] wdkYrsm;bmrSrulnDEdkifr,fhtwlwlolwdkYaq;&kHuqif;csifr,fqdk&ifvnf; qif;cGifhjyKvdkufyguGm/}} [k ajymí xGufcGgoGm;awmhonf/ uRefawmfonf aq;&kHywfvnf&Sd&Icif;rsm;udk ai;arm&if; a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfudkom owd&aerdonf/ tu,fíolom &SdcJhygu rnfuJhodkYaqmif&Gufrnfenf;/ uRefawmftar;csifqkH; ar; cGef;wpfckomjzpf\/ xdkodkYaxG&mav;yg;pOf;pm;aecdkufwGif arx&GefBuD;onf uRefawmfhtem;odkYuyfvmí ar; vdkufonf/ ]] 'Duq&mu topfa&mufwJhq&mvm;/}} uRefawmfvnf; &kwfw&uf MuH&mr&jzpfoGm;onf/ odkYaomfvnf; tar;&Sdu tajz&Sd& ayvdrfhrnf// odkYjzpfvifhupm; uRefawmf\ 0oDtwdkif; trSefw&m;udkypfy,fír&Edkifyg/ ]] r[kwfygzl;/ uRefawmfu udpö&SdvdkYcPvmwmyg/}} ]] 'gqdk &kH;udpöeJYayghaemf/}} ]] r[kwfygzl;/ udk,fa&;udk,fwmudpöeJYyg/}} arx&GefBuD;u wjcm;q&m0efrsm;bufodkYvSnfhMunfhvdkuf&if; ]] q&mu b,folYudkawGY csifvdkYvmwmvJ/}} [k ar;vdkufonf/ ]] a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfudkyg/}} ]] &Sif--- ---}} arx&GefBuD;\rsufESmay:wGif jzpfay:vmaom tajymif;tvJrsm;rSm uRefawmfhtonf;ES vkH;tm; qGJudkifvIyfouJhodkYcHpm;&apavonf/ rawGY&wmMumNyDjzpfaom rdrdom;wpfa,muf\ trnf tm;Mum;vdkuf&aom rdcifwpfOD;uJhodkYyif arx&GefBuD;\ tHhtm;oifhrIrSm vef;qef;wuf<uae\/ arS;rSdefrI &Sdrnfr[kwfaom oHa,mpOfrsdK;jzifh vmvwåHaom ab;tEÅ&m,ftrsdK;rsdK;wdkYtm; umqD;ay;rnfh rdcifwpfOD; \ ESvkH;om;rsdK;jzifh arx&GefBuD;\ rsufESmrSm ckdifrmpGm &ifhusufvsuf&Sdonf/ ]] q&mu cspfoufaZmfeJY--- aqm&D; q&m--- q&mcspfoufaZmfeJYb,fvdkrsm;---}} arx&GefBuD;onf pum;udkqkH;atmifrajymyJ uRefawmf\ tajzudkvGefpGmarsmfvifhaeonfh ykHpHrsdK;jzifh uRefawmfhtm;ai;Munfhaeonf/ xdktcsdefwGif aq;&kH&Sdq&m0eftoD;oD;wdkYonf rdrdwdkYwm0ef us&mae&mrsm;odkYoGm;a&mufaeMu&ojzifh uRefawmfhteD;wGif b,folrSr&Sdawmh/


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44 uRefawmfESifh atmifrdk;wdkYonf aemufodkYvSnfhí jyef&efjyifvdkufpOfwGif tjzLa&mifwdkufwef; vsm;tpyfrS xGufvmaom vlwpfOD;udkawGYvdkuf&\/ xdkolonf tpdrf;a&mif taEG;xnfudk0wfqifxm;onf/ *sif;abmif;bDESifh ½I;zdeyftm;0wfqifxm;ykHrSm ,aeYacwfZmwfvdkufrif;om; a'G;ESifhyifwloa,mifa,mif xif&\/ atmifrdk;onf ol\xkH;pHtwdkif; tqdkygoltm; vSrf;íEkwfqufvdkuf\/ ]] tudk? uRefawmf u 'Dudkwm0efxrf;aqmifzdkY a&mufaewJh oGm;q&m0ef a'gufwmatmifrdk;yg/ }} uRefawmfvnf; ½kwfw&uf tHhtm;oifhpGmjzifh xdkyk*¾dKvf rnfuJhodkYwkefYjyefrnfudk pdwf0ifpm; pGmMunfhaecdkuf xdkolu ]] uRefawmfjrifuwnf;u xifrdygw,f/ uRefawmfuawmh a'gufwmwifaxG;yg/ cif Asm;wdkY tckvdka&mufvmwmudkMudKqdkygw,fAsm/ 'Dbufu aemifMuD;u udkcspfoufaZmf&JU tudk udkausmfckdifvdkY xifygw,f/ [kwfw,fr[kwfvm;/ }} [lí ajymvkdufrSyif uRefawmfvnf; ydkrdkí tHhtm;oifhoGm;awmhonf/ uRefawmfvnf; uRefawmf\tHhtm;oifhrIudk rxdef;csKyfEdkifawmhyJ ]] cifAsm;wkdY[m;cg;uvnf; owif;jyefYwmjrefvScsnfvm;/ }} [líyif ar;vdkufrdawmhonf/ xdktcgrS a'gufwmwifaxG;qdkolu ]] 'gayghav? udkcspfoufaZmf avsmhwGufcJhwJh[mav;awG ayghAsm/ 'grxl;qef;ygzl;/ tckavmufqdk&if jrdKUxJrSm cifAsm;a&mufvmwm[m 'DaeYreufxGufvmwJh aerif; eJY twlwl tm;vkH;odavmufjyDaygh/ }} uRefawmfvnf; rnfuJhodkYqufí ajym&rSef;rod avmufatmifyifjzpfoGm;awmhonf/owif; jyefESHhrI jrefvGef;onfh twGufomru xdkol\pum;rsm;xJrS ] udkcspfoufaZmf avsmhwGufcJhwJh[mav;awGaygh} [laompum;&yf twGufyg uRefawmf tvGef½IyfaxG;oGm;&awmhonf/ atmifrdk;vnf; vGefpGmyg;eyfolyDyD ]] [kwfygjyDav/ tudkuvJ? udkcspfoufaZmf avsmhwGufwJh udpöav;udk enf;enf;avmufawmh &Sif;prf;ygOD;/ aemufjyD; udkausmfckdifu udkcspfoufaZmf&JU tudkvnf; r [kwfygzl;As/ }} [k ajymvdkufonf/ xdktcgwGif a'gufwmwifaxG;qdkolonf [uf[ufyufyuf&Darmvdkuf&if; ]] [m;---[m;--[m;? uRefawmfodom;yJAs/ cifAsm;wdkY taMumif;udk? udkcspfoufaZmfrSm tudkrS r&SdyJ/ udkcdkifjrifhu reufu wnf;u uRefawmfhudk ajymjyoGm;wmAs/ }} [kajymvdkufrSyif uRefawmfwdkYvnf; tenf;i,f em;vnfovdkvdk jzpfoGm;onfhtjyif t&m&mtm;avsmhwGufcJhonfhtwGuf aemifw&rdMu\/ &Sufvnf;&Sufrdonf/ uRefawmfwdkY\ tcuftcJudkawGYjrifvdkuf&aom a'gufwmwifaxG;onf&if;ESD;pGmjyKH;vkdkuf&if; ]] uJygAsm/ 'gawGrajymygeJUawmh/ a&mufwkef;a&mufcdkuf uRefawmfhtdrfudkvdkufvnfMuygOD;As/ }}[k zdwf\/ xdktcgusrSyif uRefawmfwdkYvnf; oufjyif;csEdkifMuawmh\/ a'gufwmwifaxG;u atmifrdk; tm;vSrf;ízufvdkuf&if; ]] udkatmifrdk;a&? uRefawmfwdkY [m;cg;uawmh at;w,fAs/ &moDOwkwif ruzl;/ tm;vkH;yJ/ tJ- 'gayr,fh wpfckawmh&Sdw,f/ at;w,fqdkjyD;awmh txifawmhrao;vkdufeJYAs/ tJ'D tat;u yJ cifAsm;udk 0g;jrdKoGm;Edkifw,f/ tJ'D tat;u EkHEkHtt tat;r[kwfzl;/ tifrwef oGufvufcsufcsmwJh t at;As/ }} [kajym&if; q&m0efuGmwm bufqDodkY OD;wnfí avsmufoGm;awmh\/ uRefawmfvnf; tm;wkefYtm;emjzifh ]] b,fvdkyJjzpfjzpfyg tudk&m? uRefawmfwdkYudkcGifhvGwfyg Asm/ }} [k awmif;yefvdkufonf/ xdktcgwGif a'gufwmwifaxG;u ]] rvkdygzl;Asm/ uRefawmfwdkYu b0wlawG ygyJ/ vkyfief;vnf;wlwJholawGyJ? r[kwfzl;vm;/ uRefawmfwdkY&JU b0udk udk,fcsif;pmEdkifwm cifAsm;wdkYyJ&Sdwm? r[kwfzl;vm;/ tckcifAsm;wdkY a&mufvmawmh uRefawmfwdkYvnf; tm;&Sdygw,f/ }} [k ajymvdkufonf/ xdktcsdefwGif uRefawmf\ &ifxJwGif rnfodkYrQ azmfjyí r&Edkifaom cHpm;rIrsdK;wdkY 0ifa&muf vm\/ olwdkYtm;vkH;onf b0tm; vG,fulrnfr[kwfaom taetxm;ESifh pD;csif;xdk;aerSef; uRefawmfodcJh& onf/ uRefawmfwdkYonf q&m0efuGmwm\ nmbuftpGefqkH; tay:xyfwGif&Sdaom a'gufwmwif axG;\ tdrfcef;xJodkY 0ifcJhMuonf/ uRefawmfwdkY yxr avsmufvmpOfawGYjrifcJh&aom t0wfvSef;aeonfh a'gufwmwifaxG;\ trsdK;orD;onf uRefawmfwdkYtm; jyHK;&,fpGmjzifh xdkif&efae&mrsm;pDpOfay;\/ uRefawmf wdkYvnf; tm;ememESifhyif xdkifMu\/


45 uRefawmfwdkYxdkifMu&aom ae&mrsm;rSm ajrjyefYa'orsm;uJhodkY qufwifckefrsm;r[kwfyJ zsm wpfcsyfay:ü omjzpf\/ q&m0efrsm;aexdkifMuaom q&m0efuGmwm ywf0ef;usif&Sd ½Icif;rsm; uAsmqefo avmuf olwdkY\ {nfhcef;rSm uAsmrqefcJhyg/ a'gufwmwifaxG;onf uRefawmfwdkY\ a&ShbufwGif0ifxdkifvdkufonf/ atmifrdk;vnf; uRef awmfhxufyif pdwf0ifpm;aejyDjzpfaom a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ taMumif;udk ar;vdkufawmh\/ ]] tudk&m? uRefawmfawmh tudkajymwJh udkcspfoufaZmf avsmhwGufwJh taMumif;udk pdwf0if pm;vGef;vdkY enf;enff;avmuf ajymjyygvm;Asm/ }} a'gufwmwifaxG;onf uRefawmfhtm;Munfhí ajymoifhrajymoifh csifhcsdefaeojzifh uRef awmfuvnf; ]] ajymygudkwifaxG;&m? uRefawmfhudk udkcspfoufaZmf&JU rdbawGeJY q&mMuD;uvGwfvdkufwmyg/ uRefawmf'Dudkvm&wJh &nf½G,fcsufuvnf; olYtaMumif;udkjynfhjynfhpkHpkH od&atmif avhvmzdkYyg/ }} [k ajymjy vdu k \ f / a'gufwmwifaxG;onf ta0;odkY ai;Munfh&if;rS ]] cifAsm;wdkYudk ajymr,fhom ajym&rSmyg/ wu,fawmh uRefawmfudk,fwdkifvnf; udkcspfoufaZmfudk jrifzl;wmawmh r[kwfygzl;/ udkcdkifjrifhajymoavmuf om od&wmyg/ 'gayr,fh 'Dudka&mufaewJh vufaxmufq&m0efawGxJrSmawmh uRefawmf[m touftMuD; qkH; jzpfovdk [m;cg;udk a&mufaewJh umvuvnf; tMumqkH;yJ/ vkyfoufvnf; t&ifhqkH;yJ/ uRefawmf 'Dudk a&mufpu udkcspfoufaZmf taMumif;udk pMum;&wJhtcsdefrSm olYudktjypfwifrdw,f/ uRefawmf0efcHygw,f/ 'gayr,fh tckawmh olYudk tjypfrwif&ufawmhygzl;Asm/ ]] wu,fawmh udk,fwdkifa&mufrS cHpm;EdkifwmrsdK;? odEdkifwmrsdK;udk;As/ tcsdefMumvmwmeJY t rQ udkcspfoufaZmf[m q&m0eftjzpfxdkufqkH;vlwpfa,mufvdkYvnf; uRefawmfcHpm;rdvmw,f/ aemufjyD; ol[m tvGefaphaphpyfpyf vkyfwwfwJholwpfa,mufvdkYvnf; odvm&w,f/ cifAsm;wdkYudk udkcdkifjrifh bmrS t jypf rajymzl;/ tJ'g udkcspfoufaZmfaMumifhyJ/ udkcspfoufaZmf[m wpfcgwpfcgrSm tvGef&ufpufwwfwJhol wpfa,mufjzpfovdk wpfcgwpfcgrSm t&rf;El;nHhwwfwJhol wpfa,mufjzpfw,fvdkY udkcdkifjrifhu ajymzl;w,f/ rxl;qef;zl;vm;/ ]] udkcspfoufaZmfudk rauseyfMuwmuawmh ol0ufowfwJhudpöyJ/ 'Dtcef;&JU wpfcef;ausmf rSm udkcspfoufaZmf aeoGm;w,fvdkY ajymMuw,f/ tJ'Dtcef;rSmyJ ol0ufowfwJhudpöjzpfoGm;cJhw,f/uRefawmf vnf; rrDvdkufygzl;/ udkcdkifjrifh tajymawmh udkcspfoufaZmf[m udpöwpfcsdKUudkavsmhwGufcJhw,fvdkYqdkw,f/ tJ 'DtxJrSm cifAsm;wdkY apmapmuajymwJh owif;jyefYw,fqdkwJhudpövnf;ygw,f/ udkcspfoufaZmf[m ol0uf owfwJh udpöudk 'Dvdk acgifwJh ae&mMuD;rSm vkyfawmh b,folrS odrSmr[kwfygzl;vdkY avsmhwGufcJhw,f/ 'gay r,fh olY&JU udpöjyD;wJh aemufaeYrSmyJ olYtdrfu zkef;qufaejyD/ olYudk rdef;r&w,fqdkwm [kwfr[kwfar;aeMu jyDav/ cifAsm;wdkY pOf;pm;MunfhMuOD;/ cifAsm;wdkY apmapmu tHhtm;oifhw,fqdkwm bm[kwfao;vJ/ ]] 'ghaMumifh uRefawmfajymwmaygh/ [m;cg;u at;w,fqkdayr,fh txifrao;eJYvdkYaygh/ }} a'gufwmwifaxG;onf teD;&Sd aq;vdyfjymcGuftm;aumuf,lvdkuf&if; ol\Ekwfcrf;wGifwyf xm;aom aq;vdyf&Sd jymrsm;tm;cgcsvdkufonf/ aq;vdyfjymprsm;onf avüvGifharsm&if; oufqif;oGm;Mu \/ a'gufwmwifaxG;onf aq;vdyfMudKufwwfoljzpfrSef; uRefawmftckrSyif owdxm;rdawmhonf/ a'gufwmwifaxG;onf ol\pum;udkqufvdkuf\/ ]] udkcspfoufaZmfu tawmfav;wnf jidrfwJholyJAs/ 'Davmuf ta&;MuD;aewJh tcsdefrsdK;rSmawmif vlemawGudku,fwifoGm;Edkifao;w,fAsm/ uRef awmfvnf; udk,fhudk,fudk &Sufrdygw,f/ olYvdkrsdK; MuHK &&ifawmif olYvdkrsdK; vlemawGtwGufvkyfay;Ekdifygh r vm; qkdwm pOf;pm;p&mjzpfvmw,f/ 'DwpfcsufeJYyJ olYudk uRefawmfav;pm;vdkYudk rqkH;Edkifygzl;Asm/ }} uRefawmfhtwGuf a'gufwmwifaxG;\ aemufqkH;pum;onf rufrajyonfh t&ufcGufwpf cGufuJhodkYyif/ uRefawmf aomufypfcsifonf/ rl;,pfcsifonf/ aemufqkH;wGifrl a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfudk awGYjrifcsifonf/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifh pum;rsm;ajymcsifonf/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfudk ar;cGef; rsm; ar;csifrdonf/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\pum;rsm;udk tu,fíomMum;emcGifhcJh&vsif uRefawmf\ vuf &Sdwnf&SdaerIonf ydkít"dyÜg,f&SdoGm;rnf[k xifrd\/


46 a'gufwmwifaxG;\ ZeD;rS vufzufokwfrsm;vmcsay;aeojzifh uRefawmfwdkY tm;emMu& ao;jyefonf/ a'gufwmwifaxG;uvnf; ]] tm;remMuygeJYAsm/ uRefawmfwdkYqDrSmuvnf; &Sdwmav;eJY {nfhcH &wm/ 'g uRefawmfh trsdK;orD; od*Ðav/ }} [k ajymí rdwfqufay;\/ uRefawmfwdkYvnf; rod*Ð t0wfxGufvSrf;pOfuyif odcJhMujyD;jzpfaMumif;? a'gufwmwifaxG; \ ZeD;jzpfaMumif;udkvnf; odjyD;jzpfaMumif;? jyefajymrdMuonf/ uRefawmfvnf; a'gufwmwifaxG;ajymjy oGm;onfh a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ taMumif;tm; aoaocsmcsmpOf;pm;Munfhaerd\/ xdkYaemuf a'gufwm wifaxG;tm; ar;cGef;wpfckudkar;rdonf/ ]] udkwifaxG;a&? uRefawmfrodvdkY ar;yg&ap/ udkcspfoufaZmfu 0ufowfw,fqdkwm wu,fvm;As/ }} a'gufwmwifaxG;u ]] cifAsm;uvJ? usm;udkufygw,fqdkrS? 'DvdkAs/ a[m'Dcsif;jynfe,frSm olY "avhxkH;pHav;awG &Sdw,f/ olYtxdrf;trSwfav;awG &Sdw,f/ 'gav;awGudk rodxm;vdkYuawmh rvG,fzl;/ Oyrm? t&rf; &if;ESD;wJh aqGrsdK;wpfOD;OD; &yfa0;u jyefvmwJh tcgrsdK;? udk,fh&JUom; ta&;MuD;wJh pmar;yJGudk atmifwJh tcgrsdK;? awGrSm aysmf&TifwJh txdrf;trSwfrsdK;eJY yJGav;awG vkyfMuw,f/ tJ'Dvdk tcgrsdK;rSm rdrd t&rf;cspfwJh EGm;aemufvdkrsdK;? w,kw, arG;xm;wJh 0ufvkdrsdK;? taumifawGudkowfjyD;ay:pm;Muw,f/ teD; tem;awGudkvnf; ac:auR;Muw,f/ aemufjyD; udk,fu wpfckck trSm;vkyfrdvdkY jyefawmif;yefwJh tcgrsdK; rSm vnf; tJ'DvdkrsdK;yJ? udk,fu tav;teufxm;aMumif;jywJh oabmayghAsm/ uRefawmfwdkYqDrSm tvSLwdkY? bmwdkY vkyfovdkrsdK;aygh/ ]] 'gawG[m tckrS &Sdwmr[kwfzl;/ [dkwkef;uwnf;u &Sdwm/ olwdkY &JU "avhxkH;pHav/ uRef awmfMum;zl;oavmufawmh [dkwkef;u r*FvmaqmifjyDqdk&if EGm;aemufudk;aumif? 0ufudk;aumif? Muufudk; aumif? tJ'DvkdrsdK;udkowfjyD; auR;wm/ auR;wmrS &GmeD;csKyfpyf tmvkH;udk xrif;&nf acsmif;pD; auR;wm/ tck aps;EIef;awGMuD;vmawmh taumifawG trsm;MuD; rowfEdkifawmhzl;/ EGm;aemufwpfaumifavmuf? 0uf wpfaumifavmufeJY yGJjyD;&wm/ 'gawmifrS ae&mwpfckeJY wpfck? a'owpfckeJY wpfck? xkH;pHawGu rwlzl;/ ]] yxrawmh udkcspfoufaZmfudk uRefawmf tawmfav; txifao;rdw,f/ 'gayr,fh udkcspf oufaZmfu apwemvGefuRefjzpf? jzpfcJh&wmyg/ ydkqkd;wmu olu,fwifcJhwJh olawGuyJ tckvdkrsdK;olYudk acsmufxJ qGJac:oGm;cJhwmAs/ 'gayr,fh oluapwemaumif;vGef;vdkY olu,fwifcJhwJh olawGxJuyJ? olYudk u,fxkwfoGm;cJhMuw,f/ aemufqkH;rSmawmh trSefw&m;wcsdKUeJY olY&JU taumif;jrifrIawGuyJ olYtwGuf cdkif rmpGm &yfwnfay;oGm;cJhMuw,f/ }} uRefawmfvnf; &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif; rjzpfao;ojzifh xyfíar;&jyefav\/ ]] udkwifaxG;ajym wmuRefawmfodyf em;r&Sif;zl;/ aoaocsmcsmajymjyygvm;/ }} a'gufwmwifaxG;u ]] uRefawmfvnf; udk,fudk,fwdkif rawGYvdkuf&zl;qdkawmh bmrS aoao csmcsm rajymjywwfzl;/ pdwfrylygeJY/ udkckdifjrifhvmawmhrS xyfar;MunfhMuwmaygh/ raumif;zl;vm;/ }} uRefawmfvnf; rnfonfh pum;udkrS rqufEkdifawmh/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ tajctae tm; a'gufwmcdkifjrifh qdkaomolwpfa,mufrS vGJí *CeP odEdkifrnfr[kwfawmh/ aocsmonfrSmum; tjzpftysufonf uRefawmfwdkY MudKwifrSef;qxm;onfxuf tqaygif;rsm;pGm ½IyfaxG;aecJhacsjyD/ xkdY tjyif wcsdefwnf;ESifh tjynfhtpkH oabmayguf&ef cJ,Of;vGef;vSonf/ tqdkyg tjzpftysufwGif uRefawmfwdkY em;rvnfEdkifonfh oabmw&m;rsm;? taetxm;rsm;? a&maxG;vsuf&Sd\/ atmf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf? a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf--- þrQavmuf ½IyfaxG;aeonfh vlrI a&; y#dyu©rsm;Mum;xJrSyif vlemrsm;tm;u,fwifoGm;EkdifcJhonfwJh/ ol\ aq;ynmw&m; &ifhusufrIonf uRefawmfwdkY twGuf wkefvIyfajcmufjcm;p&myif/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ taMumif;tm; ydkíMum;&av? ydk í ya[Vdqefav jzpfcJh&avjyD/ aq;ynm&SifwpfOD;\ jzwfoef;&m b0c&D;wGif ra&rwGufEkdifaom 'óe rsm; yg0ifaerItwGuf uRefawmfhü auseyfzG,f&m tajzr&Sdao;yg/ wpfckawmh&Sdonf/ aq;wuúodkvfwGif oifMum;cJh&aom aq;ynmrsm;oufoufESifh aq;ynm&Sif wpfa,mufjzpf½kHrQjzifh b0twGuf vkHavmuf aom oufvkHudk r&&SdEdkifonfrSmawmh aocsmvGef;vSonf/


47 a'gufwmwifaxG;onf aq;vdyfrD;cdk;rsm;udk rIwfxkwfvkdufonf/ jyD;aemuf aq;vdyfjymcGuf xJodkY aq;vdyfjymrsm;udk xyfrHíawmufcsvdkuf\/ odkYaomfvnf; onfwpfcgwGifrl rnfonfh aq;vdyfjymrS vGifha<uroGm;/ xdkYaemuf a'gufwmwifaxG;onf aq;vdyfrD;tm;&JueJ aeatmif ½IdufzGmvdkufonf/ jyD; aemuf aq;vdyfrD;cdk;rsm;tm; jznf;n§if;pGm rIwfxkwf&if; uRefawmfhbufodkYvSnfhum pum;wpfcGef;udk ajym vdkufonf/ ]] aeprf;ygOD;As/ nu ppöwmMuD;ajymawmh udkcspfoufaZmfu aysmufaew,fqdk/ tJ'g b,fvdkjzpfwmvJ/ }} uRefawmfpum;rpvdkuf&ao;rDwGif atmifrdk;u0ifíajymvdkufonf/ ]] 'DvdkAs? udkwifaxG;&/ udkcspfoufaZmfu tcktxdajrjyefYudkjyefrvmzl;As/ udkausmfcdkifu udkcspfoufaZmfudkjrifawmifjrifzl;wm r [kwfzl;/ uRefawmfvnf; rjrifzl;zl;/ tck[mu udkcspfoufaZmftaMumif;udk &oavmufpkHprf;zdkYyJ/ uRefawmf wdkYod&oavmufawmh udkcspfoufaZmf&JU aumifrav;u aumifav;wpfa,mufeJY vufxyfoGm;jyDqdk/ }} a'gufwmwifaxG;u wpfcsuf&Dvdkuf&if; ]] [kwfyghAsm/ tJ'gudkajymwmaygh/ uRefawmfvnf; odyfem;rvnfzl;/ olwdkYwawG&JU taMumif;u wDADGuvmwJh w½kwfodkif;um;xuf½Iyfw,f/ 'ghaMumifh udkcdkif jrifhudkyJ ar;Munfh&ifaumif;r,fvdkY uRefawmfxifwm/ }} [k ajymvdkuf\/ uRefawmfvnf; 0ifíajymvdkufonf/ ]] uRefawmfh txifawmh udkcspfoufaZmf&JU taMumif; udk todqkH;u arx½GefMuD; a':ar&Drsm;jzpfaervm;yJ/ }} a'gufwmwifaxG;u tHhtm;oifhonfh[efjzifh uRefawmfhbufodkY vSnfhMunfhvdkuf&if;rS acgif; udkwndwfndwfvkyfvdkuf&if; ]] atmf--- cifAsm;wkdYu a':ar&DeJYawmifawGYjyD;MujyDudk;/ aocsmwmaygh/ a':ar&Du udkcspfoufaZmf&JU taMumif;udktodqkH;yJ/ 'gayr,fh olajymyghrvm;/ uRefawmfod&oavmuf awmh udkcspfoufaZmf&JUtaMumif;udk ol rajymoavmufyJ/ olwifr[kwfzl;/ 'Du olemjyKq&mrawG awmf awmfrsm;rsm; olYtaMumif;udkrajymMuzl;/ uRefawmfwdkYuvnf; rar;Muzl;/ at;av/ cifAsm;wdkYudkqdk&ifawmh olajym&ifvJ ajymrSmaygh/ ar;MunfhayghAsm/ uRefawmfwdkY q&m0efawGtxJrSmawmh udkcdkifjrifhudkyJ cifAsm;wkdY tm;udk;vdkY &Ekdifr,fxifwmyJ/ }}[k ajym\/ uRefawmfu ]] [kwfwmayghAsm/ udkcdkifjrifhudk uRefawmfwdkYvnf; ar;&rSmaygh/ nu olYtajym awmh 'D[m;cg;u q&m0efawGtxJrSm udkcspfoufaZmfudkjrifzl;wJholqdkvdkY olwpfa,mufyJ usefawmhw,fwJh/}} [kajymvdkuf\/ a'gufwmwifaxG;u ]] cufwmu 'Dvlu rrl;&if taumif;/ rl;vm&if aoG;qdk;ovm;rar; eJY/ aemufjyD; wcsdefvkH;rl;aewmAs/ tJ'Dawmh olaumif;wJh tcsdefu &Sm;ovm;yJ/ olajym&ifvnf; udkcspf oufaZmftaMumif; taumif;wpfckrS ygrSmr[kwfzl;/ t&uform; trSm;wpf&muae oleJYawGY&if t&ufo rm; trSm;wpfurÇm jzpfoGm;wmAs? [m;---[m;---[m;/ }} [kajym&if; olajymonfhpum;udk tvGefoabm us&if; &Darmvsuf&Sdonf/ uRefawmfwdkYvnf; vdkufí&Darmaerd\/ a'gufwmwifaxG;onf jyD;rS ol\&DarmrIudk t&Sdefowfvdkuf&if; ]] udkckdifjrifhu udkcspfouf aZmfudk t&uform; trSm;wpfurÇmvdkY tNrJwrf; orkwfavh&Sdwm/ oludk,fwdkif trSm;awGvkyfwmudkawmh xJh rajymzl;/ cifAsm;wdkYvnf;odrSmygyJ/ rdef;uav;udpö emrnfMuD;w,fqdkwm enf;enf;awmhh pGHrSAs/ rpGHyJeJYawmh rdef;rudpörSm bmrS jzpfvmrSm r[kwfzl;/ udkcdkifjrifhu MudK;awmhMudK;pm;&Smygw,f/ 'gayr,fh rpGHzl;As/ 'Dawmh udkcspfoufaZmfudk remvdkzl;ayghAsm/ &Dawmh&D&w,f/ olYrSm oGm;usdK;wm? vufusdK;wmom tzwfwifw,f/ rdef;rudpöusawmh ratmifjrifzl;/ udkcspfoufaZmfudk MudwfjyD;tm;usaewJholawGtxJrSm olvnf;wpfa,muf tjzpf ygaew,f/ tJ'gcifAsm;wdkYodovm;/ [m;--- [m;--- [m;/ }} [k ajym&if; tm;&yg;&&Dcsvdkuf\/ ]] Asm/ }} uRefawmfwdkYvnf; vkH;0tHhtm;oifhoGm;awmhonf/ a'gufwmwifaxG;u ol\pum; tqkH;rowf Edkifao;yJ qufí ]] udkcspfoufaZmfvnf; t&ufaomufwmyJ/ olvnf; t&ufaomufwmyJ/ udkcspfoufaZmfvnf; rl;wmyJ/ olvnf; rl;wmyJ/ 'gayr,fh rdef;rudpöusawmh udkcspfoufaZmfajczsm;awmif rrDzl;/ 'gawmif udkcspfoufaZmfu olajymykHt&qdk&if rdef;rudpöudk oufoufMuD;vkduf½Iyfaewmr[kwfzl;/ olY [mol pGHvdkYjzpfvmwm/ }} [kajymvdkuf\/


48 uRefawmfuqufí ajymvkdufonf/ ]] udkwifaxG;uvnf;Asm/ 'DvkdudpörsdK;udk MuHKw,fqdkwm 0rf;omp&mrS r[kwfwm/ olu bmvdkY tm;us&wmvJ/ }} a'gufwmwifaxG;u xyfrH &Darm&if;ajymvdkufonf/ ]] cifAsm;wkdY uvnf;? cufawmhwmyg yJ/ udkcspfoufaZmfudk taumif;rajymwJholawG tm;vkH;vdkvdk[m tm;usvdkY? remvdkvdkY qdkwmrSwfxm;/ ]] 'DrSm? udkausmfcdkif? udkcspfoufaZmfvdkrsdK; emrnfMuD;csifwJholawG a[m'D [m;cg;rSma&m? w jcm;ae&mawGrSma&m trsm;MuD;yJ qdkwm rSwfxm;/ uRefawmfvnf; tpurodzl;/ udkcspfoufaZmfudk qdk;w,f vdkYyJ xifrdwm/ [kwfw,fav/ cifAsm;ajymovdkyJ/ 0rf;omp&mrS r[kwfwm/ 'gayr,fh tm;uswm[m tm; uswmyJAs/ udkcdkifjrifh&JU usqkH;cef;awGudkawGYawmhrS udkcspfoufaZmf ajz&Sif;oGm;wJh rdef;rudpöeJY olY&JUorÇmudk od&awmhwmAsdKU/ 'DvdkudpörsdK;awG[m t0ifcufovdk txGufutrsm;MuD;ydkcufw,f/ udkcdkifjrifhu t0if awmif tqifajywmr[kwfzl;/ aemufjyD;'grsdK;awGu aiG&Sd½kHeJY &r,fxif&ifrSm;oGm;rSm/ tbufbufu jynfh pkHrS &wmrsdK;As/ t&nftcsif; tawmfav;udk vdkwm/ ]] udkcspfoufaZmfu t0ifavmufudkpum;xJudk xnfhajymp&mudkrvdkzl;/ txGufudkawmif 'Davmuf El;El;nHhnHheJY nufnufanmanm vkyfoGm;wm/ udkcspfoufaZmf [m;cg;u aemufqkH;jyefawmh olY aumifrav;u um;*dwftxd at;at;aq;aq; vdkufykdYw,fwJh/tJ'Dxufnufanmwmbm&Sdao;vJ/orÇmAs/ 'gudk udkcdkifjrifhwdkYu yg;yg;av;xifjyD; vIyf&Sm;vkdufMuwm? aumhueJ aumhueJ aeatmifvefusvmwmcsnf; yJ/ [m;--- [m;--- [m; }} a'gufwmwifaxG;onf &Darm&if;rS ol\a&Shbuf&Sd zefcGufxJrS a&aEG;udkrIwfíaomufcs vdkufonf/ uRefawmfvnf; a'gufwmwifaxG;ajymoGm;aom pum;rsm;txJrS a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf aemuf qkH; jyefoGm;onfh taMumif;udkpdwf0ifpm;vsuf&Sd\/ atmifrdk;vnf; a'gufwmwifaxG;ajymoGm;aom pum; rsm;tm; acgif;wndwfndwfESifh axmufcHvsuf&Sdonf/ atmifrdk;onf olpdwf0ifpm;onfhtcsufudk a'gufwm wifaxG;tm; ar;vkdufonf/ ]] uRefawmfwpfck ar;yg&ap/ tudkajymykHt&qdk&if rdef;rudpöu xifoavmufrvG,fzl;aygh/ uRefawmfwdkYMum;xm;wmeJY enf;enf;av;uGmaeovkdvdkyJ/ }} a'gufwmwifaxG;onf ol\a&aEG;cGufxJrS aemufqkH;vufusef a&aEG;tm; tjyD;owfvdkuf &if;rS ]] 'DvdkAs/ b,fae&mrSmrqdk/ rdef;rudpöu twlwlyJ/ wpftcsufu cifAsm;pGH&r,f/ ESpftcsufu cifAsm;udk,fwdkifyg0if&r,f/ 'gqdk&ifjzpfjyD/ [kwfw,faemf/ tJ'g [m;cg;rSmwif r[kwfzl;/ b,fae&mjzpfjzpf As/ 'gayr,fh cifAsm; *kPfodu©mudkawmh &if;ESD;&vdrfhr,f/ wefrwefudkawmh cifAsm;bmom qkH;jzwfaygh/ }} uRefawmfvnf; uRefawmfodvdkaom tcsufrsm;tm; rar;vdkuf&rnfudk pdk;&drfojzifh a'guf wmwifaxG;tm; tvsiftjrefar;vdkuf&\/ ]] udkcspfoufaZmf aemufqkH; [m;cg;ujyefwJhudpöav;udk jyefajymygOD;vm; tudk/ }} ]] [m cifAsm;uvnf;? uRefawmfvnf; 'DavmufyJodwmAs/ 'gawmif udkcdkifjrifhajymjyvdkYod wm/ tJ'Dtcsdefu uRefawmfawmif[m;cg;udk a&mufao;wmr[kwfzl;/ }} a'gufwmwifaxG;ajymovdkyif uRefawmfwkdYonf aemufqkH;wGif a'gufwmcdkifjrifhtm; tm; udk;&ayOD;awmhrnf/ a'gufwmwifaxG;\ ajymjycsufrsm;t& a'gufwmcdkifjrifhxHwGif tcsuftvufrsm; t awmfav;jynfhjynfhpkHpkH &EkdifzG,f&m&Sdavonf/ 'Dtwdkif;qdkvsif uRefawmfwdkY [m;cg;odkY vdkufvm&usdK;eyf avmufayjyD/ uRefawmfESifh atmifrdk;wdkYvnf; rdrdwdkY a&Sh&Sd a&aEG;rsm;tm;vufpowfí a'gufwmwifaxG; ESifh ol\ZeD;tm; vGefpGm aus;Zl;wifaMumif;ajymíxGufcJhav\/ q&m0efuGmwmrS twuf urlay:wGif uRefawmfESifh atmifrdk;wkdY xdkifcsvdkufonf/ a'guf wmwifaxG;onf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifh pyfvsOf;í rdef;rudpöESifh ywfouforQ ol\ t,ltqrsm;tm; u&m;a&vGwf ajymcscJhonf/ olajymjycJhorQonf uRefawmfwdkY wpfcgrS rpOf;pm;cJhrdaom rMum;zl;cJhaom tcsuftvufrsm;jzpfae\/ ydkíqdk;onfrSm a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ rdef;rudpöMum;&orQonf topfcsnf; jzpfaeonf/ uRefawmfonf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf aq;ynmukorItay:wGif txifMuD;rdcJh&m tcktcg


49 wGif rdef;rudpöüyg q&mwif&rvdkvdkyifjzpfaeonf/ tqdk;&Gm;qkH;rSm uRefawmfwdkYu a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf tm; vdkufvH &SmazGae&m rdef;rudpötm;udk;&eftwGuf[k txifcH&Edkifjcif;yif jzpf\/ atmifrdk;onf [pfueJ &Dvdkuf&if;rS ]] tajctae uawmh wjznf;jznf; ½IyfaxG;vmjyDAsdKU/ cifAsm;vnf; udkcspfoufaZmfudkawGYrS? 'grSr[kwf jrefjrefvufavsmhjyD; jrefjrefjyefrSyJ aumif;awmhr,fxif w,f/ awmfMum uRefawmfwdkY ESpfa,mufpvkH; zGrfvdkif;xJ atmfwdkrpfwpfa&mufaeOD;r,f/ }} [kajymvdkuf\/ ]] at;uG/ udkcspfoufaZmfudk tm;uswJholawG&Sdw,f qdkwJh[muawmh wpfrsdK;MuD;uG/ igwdkY tck Mum;&orQxJrSm udkwifaxG;ajymwmu tqef;qkH;yJ/ oluawmh olYtjrifudkajymoGm;wmjzpfrSmayghav/ igwdkY twGufawmh enf;enf;awmh em;vnf&cufovdkyJ/ }} ]] bmrS em;vnf&rcufzl;/cifAsm;uvnf;/ olajymoGm;wm&Sif;&Sif;av;yJ/ tm;vkH;[m udk cspfoufaZmfvkdrsdK; zGrfaMumifcsifw,f/ 'gayr,fh ratmifjrifzl;/ 'Dawmh udkcspfoufaZmfudktm;usw,f/ 'gyJ/ }} ]] [m rif;uvJ? avsmufajymaejyefygjyD/ 'gawmhigvnf; odwmaygh/ 'gayr,fh udkcspfouf aZmfu bmvdkY jyefrvm&wmvJ/ olYaumifrav;ua&m bmvdkY vufxyfoGm;&wmvJ/ tJ'gawG&JU tajzawG u r&Sif;ao;zl;uG/ tJ'gudkajymwm/ aemufjyD; udkcspfoufaZmfu [dktdrfcef;rSm 0ufowfoGm;w,fajymw,f/ tJ'g igwdkY twGuf *E¦0ifae&myJuG/ udkwifaxG;ajymwJh txJrSm udkcdkifjrifhu tc&myJ/ cufwmu olu aoG;qdk;w,fvdkY qdkjyefw,f/ 'gvnf;[kwfrSmyJ/ raeYu igwdkY xrif;pm;aewJh tcef;udk cyfjyif;jyif;acgufjyD; 0ifvmwmudkMunfhav/ aocsmwmuawmh igwdkY udkcdkifjrifheJY wpfyGJwpfvrf;awmh aomufyGJETJ&OD;rSmyJ/ }} ]] at;As/ udkckdifjrifh eJY aomufyGJETJ &rSmAs/ cufwmu olurl;jyD; uusdK;uaMumifawG avsmufajymae&if 'ku©/ 'gayr,fh rwwfEkdifzl;av/ usm;a&vdk&if awmxJ0if&r,fqdkwmvdkyJ? olYudkawGYrS udkcspfoufaZmftaMumif;od&rSmqdkawmh &ifqdkif&rSmaygh/ cifAsm;u jyóemr&Sdygzl;Asm/ uRefawmfu a&Shavsmuf 'DvdkvlawGeJY b,fvdkpcef;oGm;&OD;r,fqdkwmudkom cufaewm/ }} ]] rif;uoGm;q&m0efyJ/ olwdkYeJY qufqHp&mr&Sdygzl;/ udk,fhtvkyfom udk,f*½kpdkufaygh/ rif; t"du qufqH&rSmu aq;½kHtkyfyJ/ tck aq;½kHtkyfq&mMuD; OD;a½Txufu oabmaumif;w,fqdkawmh rif; uHaumif;ygw,f/ }} þodkYjzifh uRefawmfwdkYESpfOD;onf tcsif;csif;tm;ay;&if;jzifh xdkif&mrSxum vrf;avsmuf xGufcJhMu\/ awmifwef;rsm;\ ywfvrf;twdkif;vrf;avsmufxGufcJh&m jrifawGY&orQ½Icif;rsm;tm; ai;arm Munfh&if;ESifh tcsdefukefqkH;cJhonf/ trSeftwdkif;0efcH&vsif uRefawmfwdkYonf a,muFsm;av;rsm;jzpfonfh tm;avsmfpGm a'guf wmwifaxG;ajymjycJhaom rdef;rudpöoabmw&m;rsm;tm; tvGefpdwf0ifpm;rdcJhonf/ odkYaomfvnf; a'guf wmcspfoufaZmftm; &SmazG&efxGufvmjcif; jzpfonfhtjyif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf tqdkygrdef;rudpö aMumifh 'ku©a&muf&jcif;jzpfrnf[k uRefawmfwdkY\pdwfxJwGifxifjrifaerdonfhtwGuf pdwfr0ifpm;csifa,mif aqmifrdcJhMuonf/ a,muFsm;av;rsm;\ obm0rSm rdef;uav;rsm;tm;vkH;udk pdwf0ifpm;jcif;jzpfonf[kqdkvm aomf toifjiif;ygrnfvm;/xkdodkYaom taMumif;rsm;aMumifh a,muFsm;av;rsm;onf opömr&Sd[k rdef;uav; rsm;u pGyfpGJvmcJhaomf toifrnfuJhodkY taMumif;jyrnfenf;/ tcspfESifh vufxyfjcif; xyfwlrusEkdif[laom pum;&yfrsm;twGuf toifhüajz&Sif;p&m tajzrsm;toifh &SdESifhygjyDvm;/ rdrdvufrxyfEdkifaom rdef;uav; tay:ü ESvkH;om;ESifhxyfwl cspfrdygu toifrnfuJhodkY ajz&Sif;ygrnfenf;/ tu,fí toifü xdkuJhodkY tajctaersdK;rsm;tm; rawGYMuKHcJh&ygu toifonf ukodkvfuH tvGefaumif;vGef;ol[k rSwf,lrnfjzpfonf/ xdkYtjyif tajctaetm;vkH;twGuf toifonf tqifoifhjzpfaeygap [líom qkawmif;&efomusef&Sdawmh \/


50 tcef; (7)

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79 a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf Ak'¨bmom taMumif;rsm;ESifh ywfoufí q&mawmfrsm;ESifh av;eufpGm aqG;aEG;cJhonf[kqdk\/ wcsdKU bkef;awmfMuD;rsm;u a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf tjypfuif;pif aom vlom;wpfOD;[kqdkMuonf/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf Muifemwwfaom ESvkH;om;ESifh ywf0ef;usifudk aysmf½Tif &,farmapwwfaom Z0eOmPfwdkYjzifh jynfhpkHolwpfOD;[k ajymMu\/ uRefawmfu a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfaysmufqkH;aeonfh taMumif;ESifh ywfoufí bkef;awmf MuD;rsm;tm; avsmufwifcJh&mwGif bkef;awmfMuD;rsm;onf tenf;i,f tHhtm;oifhonfrSvGJí rnfonfh cHpm; csufrsdK;rS r&Sdonfh ykHay:aeojzifh uRefawmfydkí tHhtm;oifh&onf/ trSefwu,fqdkvsif bkef;awmfMuD;rsm; onf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftay:ü ,kHMunfcsuftjynfh&Sdaeonfh ykHrsdK;yifjzpfonf/ xdkodkYaom tcsdefrsdK;ü uRefawmfonf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftay:wGif remvdkpdwfrsm;0ifrdcJhonfudk 0efcH&rnfjzpf\/ atmf? a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf--- a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf--- a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf--- / wcsdKU bkef;awmfMuD;rsm;u a'gufwmcspffoufaZmf aysmufqkH;rIonf bmoma&;ESifhqdkifrnf[k cefYrSef;Mu\/ uRefawmfu a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf c&pf,mefbmombufodkY ul;ajymif;,kHMunfoGm;cJhjyDvm;[k rodr om ar;jref;Munfhonfhtcg tm;vkH;u jyif;jyif;xefxefjiif;qefcJhMuonf/ trSeftwdkif;0efcH&vsif uRefawmfonf bkef;MuD;ausmif;rsm;odkY vma&muf&jcif;rSm a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf taMumif;tm;pkHprf;&ef r[kwfygacs/ rdrdudk,fwdkifvnf; Ak'¨bmom0ifwpfOD;jzpfo jzifh bkef;awmfMuD;rsm;tm; zl;jrif&efoufoufom vma&mufcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ odkYwapvnf; a'gufwmcspf oufaZmf\ taMumif;t&mrsm;xJwGif ryg0ifao;aom bmoma&;,kHMunfrI tcsuftvufrsm;udkrl bkef; awmfMuD;rsm;xHrS wefzdk;rjzwfEdkifaom vufaqmifrGeftjzpf&&SdcJhonf/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifh aemufqkH;awGY cJhaom bkef;awmfMuD;wpfyg;u a'gufwmcspfouf aZmfonf avmu"Hrsm;aMumifh bmoma&;bufodkY pdwfwdrf;nTwfaeoa,mifa,mif ajymcJhonf/ rnfodkYqdkap vlayvlaw wpfOD;jzpfonfh a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf bkef;awmfMuD;rsm;tm; yOövufqefqef rsufvSnfhjy cJhonf [líyif uRefawmf\ pdwfxJwGif xifrdonf/ &Dawmh&D&onf/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf c&pf,mef bmom0ifrsm;tMum;ü ykHysufyef;ysuf aexdkifcJhvifhupm; Ak'¨bmom bkef;awmfMuD;rsm;\ ,kHMunfrIudkvnf; r& &atmif ,laqmifoGm;onf[k uRefawmfxifjrifaerdonf/ odkYaomfvnf; bkef;awmfMuD;rsm;u a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf Ak'¨bmomtay:wGif ,kH MunfrI cdkifrmav;eufonf[k qdkvmMuonfhtcgwGif uRefawmfhtaeESifh odkYavmodkYavm oHo, ryGm;yJESifh raeEkdifygacs/xdkYtjyifa'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf c&pf,mefbmomodkY ulajymif;oGm;aprnfh vkHavmufaom taMumif;jycsufrsm; r&Sd[lí tm;vkH;u wjydKifeufwnf; owfrSwfMuonfhtcg uRefawmfonf uRefawmf\ xifjrif,lqcsuftm; vufavsmhvdkuf&onf/ bkef;awmfMuD;wpfyg;\ tqdkt& a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf w&m;xdkifjcif;udkvnf; ckHrifpGm vkyfudkifcJhonf/ uRefawmfonf twdkif;tqr&Sd½IyfaxG;aom a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ taMumif;rsm;tm; Mum;odvdkuf&aom tcsdefwGif olYtm; awGYjrifvdkpdwfjyif;xefcJh&avawmhonf/ olYvdkvlrsdK;wGif þuJhodkY bm oma&;,kHMunfcsufrsm;&Sdaeonfqdkonfudk vufcH&ef cJ,Of;vsuf&Sdonf/ uRefawmf rjrifrawGYvdkuf&aom a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf uRefawmfhtm; rm,mrsm;onfh 0uFyge,fxJwGif vSnfhpm;vsuf&SdaeayjyD/ xdkYaMumifh uRefawmfonf tcsdefjzHK;raeawmhyJ arx½GefMuD; a':ar&DESifhawGYqkH&ef qkH;jzwfcsufcsvdkufrdawmh onf/ uRefawmfbkef;MuD;ausmif;rsm;rS tjyefwGif aq;½kH&Sd arx½GefMuD; ½kH;xdkif&mtcef;wGif;odkY wef;ívmcJhonf/ uRefawmf0ifa&mufoGm;aom tcsdefwGif arx½GefMuD;onf odk;arT;xdk;xnf wpfxnfudkxdk; vsuf&Sd\/ arx½GefMuD;onf uRefawmf0ifvmonfudkjrifvdkuf&aom tcg ol\vufxJrS odk;arT;ptm; pm;yJG ay:odkYwifvdkufjyD; uRefawmfhtm;azmfa½GpGmyifEkwfqufvdkufonf/ jyD;aemuf uRefawmfhtm;xdkif&efvuf&dyfjy vdkufonf/ uRefawmfvnf; pm;yJGa&Sh&SdxdkifckHay:wGif0ifxdkif&if; Ekwfqufvdkuf\/ arx½GefMuD;tm; uRefawmfu a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftaMumif;rsm;tm;pwif ar;jref;onfh tcsdefwGif arx½GefMuD;u olodoavmufjyefvnfajzMum;ygrnf[k uwdjyKavonf/


80 uRefawmfu ar;jref;jcif;rjyKrD arx½GefMuD;qDrS a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ "gwfykHtm; awmif;,l Munfh½Irdonf/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf a'ocHwpfOD;\ taoG;tom;rsdK;jzifh uRefawmfhtm; rrdSwfrokOf pdkufMunfhae\/ uRefawmfhtm; vSnfhpm;cJhykH&aom a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ ykHyef;oP²meftm; jrifawGYvdkuf&csdefwGif uRefawmfonf olYudk rawGYawGYatmif &Smrnf[líyif pdwfxJrS pdefac:vdkufawmh\/ uRefawmfESifh arx½GefMuD;wdkY\ pum;tqkH;wGif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf [m;cg;odkY pwif a&muf&Sdvmonfh taMumif;rsm;tm; od&SdcJh&onf/ odkYaomfvnf; tawmfrsm;rsm;rSm uRefawmfodxm;jyD;om; rsm;jzpfaeojzifh xl;jcm;rIodyfr&SdvSacs/ odkYaomfvnf; [m;cg;jrdKU&Sd c&pf,mefaq;cef;wGif a'gufwmcspfouf aZmfxdkifí vlemrsm;tm;ukoay;onfqdkonfudk Mum;od&aomtcsufonf uRefawmfhtm;qGJaqmifrI &SdcJh\/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ c&pf,mefbmomw&m;tay: tjriftm; ar;Munfh&m arx½GefMuD;u wpfcgurS raqG;aEG;zl;aMumif; 0efcH\/ arx½GefMuD;ajymqdkorQwGif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf cspfcifMuifemwwfykH? aq;0g;ukoykH? arx½GefMuD;tm; tart&if;ozG,f oabmxm;í jyKpkapmifha&SmufykHwdkYavmufomyg0if\/ a'gufwmcspf oufaZmf aysmufqkH;onfh taMumif;t&if;ESifh ,ckvuf&Sd a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf&SdaeEdkifrnfhae&mwdkY tm; ar;jref;&mwGif arx½GefMuD;onf rnfonfh xifjrifcsufudkrS ray;EdkifyJ &Sdavonf/ odkYaomfvnf; a'gufwm cspfoufaZmfESifhemrnfMuD;cJhaom aumifrav;qDudkrl vdkufydkYay;rnf[kawmh tmrcH\/ uRefawmfvnf; rnf onfh tcsufrS xGufrvmvifhupm; arx½GefMuD;udk,fwdkif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifh emrnfMuD;cJhaom aumifrav;qDodkY vdkufydkYay;rnfqdkojzifh twkdif;xuftvGef 0rf;omrdonf/ xdkodkY vdkufydkYay;jcif;rSmvnf; a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftm; cspfvGef;í[k qdkonf/ uRefawmf vnf; rdrdodvdkaom &nfrSef;csufrsm; jynfh0vdrfhrnf[laom arQmfvifhcsufjzifh aysmf½Tifaerdonf/ a'gufwm cspfoufaZmfonf ykHrSeftm;jzifh vlwpfumtm;qGJaqmifEdkifvGef;vSonfudk uRefawmfem;rvnfEdkifatmif &SdvS \/ wjcm;vlrsm;udkrqdkxm;ESifhOD;? uRefawmfhvdk olYtm;rjrifzl;onfhvlrsdK;udkyif arSmfqefqefqGJaqmifxm;EdkifcJh onf r[kwfygvm;/ uRefawmfESifharx½GefMuD;wdkYonf ½kH;qif;csdefwGif ESpfOD;om;vrf;avsmufí xGufcJhMuonf/ uRefawmfh&ifxJwGif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifh emrnfMuD;cJhaom aumifrav;tm;awGYMuHK&rnfh ta&;tm; tenf;i,fawmh aMumufvefYaerd\/ odkYaomfvnf; arx½GefMuD;vdkufygvmojzifh tawmfav;tm;wufcJh\/ atmifrdk;wdkY a'gufwmouf0if;wkdYrSm aq;½kHwGifyifusef&pfcJhMuonf/ xm;&pfcGifh? usef&pfcGifh wdkYudk b,folu ydkifqdkifygoenf;/ ajymyg/ oDcsif;a&;q&m udkae0if;u a&;cJhjyD; tqdkawmfcdkifxl;rS qdkcJhaom ]cGifhjyKygOD;} qdkaom oDcsif;pmom;av;rsm;tm; uRefawmf owd&aerdonf/ ]] cGifhjyKygOD;--- ½kef;xGuf&efcuf--- ckd0ifzdkYu ydkcufcJvGef;aeawmh--- cGifhjyKygOD;--- xm;cJh &efcuf--- twlaezdkYu ydkcufcJvGef;aeawmh--- cGifhjyKygOD;--- oGm;vufpc&D; tqkH;rowfcifrSm--- cGifhjyKyg OD;--- }} uRefawmfvdkufqdkaerdonf/ arx½GefMuD;onf vrf;wavsmufwGif vltawmfawmfrsm;rsm;ESifh Ekwfqufae\/ uRefawmfonf oDcsif;pmom;\ t"dyÜg,ftm; cHpm;Munfhaerdonf/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf onf tqdkawmf cdkifxl;tm; ca&ZDjzpfolwpfOD;qkdygu tqdkygoDcsif;tm; cHpm;&Edkifrnf[kxifrdaeonf/ awmifZvyfyef;rsm;? cs,f&Dyef;rsm;onf awmifay:a'owGif yGifhaom *kPfxl;aqmifyef; rsm;jzpfMuonf/ tqdkygyef;rsm;\ vSywifhw,frIonf rnfonfht&mESifhrS vJvS,fí r&Edkifatmifyif crf; em;vSonf/ awmifwef;rsm;\ tvStm; a0qmapcJhMuonf/ awmifwef;rsm;tMum;wGif aexdkifcJhaom vl wpfOD;wpfa,muf twGuf xdkyef;rsm;onf arhr&Ekdifaom tdrfrufrsm;yifjzpfayawmhonf/


81 tcef ; (11) [m;cg;jrdKU\ vrf;rrsm;taMumif;azmfjy&mwGif qwåm;vrf;onf csefxm;í r&aom vrf;r wpfckyif jzpfonf/ arwåm&dyfaq;cef;ESifh [mrdkeD um&mtdkauqdkifwdkY\ a&Shbuf&Sdvrf;rae&mtm; vrf;qkH [k ac:Muonf/ taMumif;rSm [m;cg;vrf;rMuD;tm; xdkae&mwGif qwåm;vrf;onf MuufvsmpGef;ykHoP²mef vmí qkHaeaomaMumifhjzpfonf/ xdkMuufvsmpGef;\xdyfwnfhwnfhwGif em&Dpif&Sdonf/ qwåm;vrf;[kac:&onfh taMumif;t&if;rSm tqdkygvrf;onf qwåm;½GmodkYoGm;a&mufEdkif aomaMumifh jzpfonf/ trSefwu,fwrf;ajym&vsif qwåm;½GmodkYom ruygacs/ qlcGm;&f? a&qGm txdygoGm; Edkifaom ta0;ajy;vrf;rwpfckyif jzpfonf/ aemufwpfckajym&vsif vufaxmufq&m0efrsm;\tdrfrufqdk; vrf;rMuD;vnf; jzpfonf/ tqdkygvrf;rrS [m;cg;jrdKUodkY t0iffvrf;rMuD;ESifh xefwvefvrf;cGJtm; vSrf;arQmf í Munfh½IEdkifonf/ [m;cg;jrdKUawmf a*gufuGif;udkvnf; vSrf;í jrifEdkifonf/ tvGefom,maom ½Icif;rsm;udk vnf; MunfEl;csrf;ajrhzG,f&m awGYjrifEdkifonf/ ncsrf;tcsdeftcgqdkvsif [m;cg;jrdKUawmf\ rD;a&mifxGef;vif;onfh ½Icif;rsm;tm; awmufy pGmjrifawGY&rnfjzpf\/ wu,fwrf;ajym&vsif [m;cg;jrdKUawmf\ tvStyrsm;tm; wrsdK;wzkH cHpm;apEkdif aom vrf;rwpfckvnf;jzpfaeonf/ odkYaomfvnf; xdkvrf;ronf q&m0eftrsm;tzdkY trIrJh trSwfrJh jzpfae cJhonfu rsm;onf/ taMumif;rSm tqdkygvrf;ronf aq;½kHodkYoGm;aom vrf;rESifh wjcm;pD jzpfaejcif;? xdkY tjyif q&m0efrsm; aq;cef;xdkifaom vrf;rae&mrsm;ESifhreD;pyfjcif;wkdYaMumifh jzpfonf/ tqdkygvrf;rtwdkif;oGm;vsif ausmykwf[laom &yfuGufi,fwpfck&Sdonf/ xdk&yfuGufi,f onf acgif&nf&Ekdifjcif;? vdkifrD;&Edkifjcif;? 0dkift&uf &Edkifjcif;wkdY aMumifh vli,frsm;tMum;wGif xif&Sm;\/ odkYaomfvnf; a0;vGef;ojzifh a'gufwmouf0if;uJhodkY vufaxmufq&m0efrsm;tm; qGJaqmifEkdifrI r&SdcJhyg acs/ wpfckawmh&Sdonf/ a0;yifa0;jim;vnf; a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftm; qGJaqmifrI &SdcJhonfrSmawmh trSef yif jzpfacsonf/ arx½GefMuD;\ ajymjycsufrsm;t& a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ aumifrav;emrnfrSm Ekref; [k odcJh&onf/ Ekref;\&mZ0ifrSm udkxefusJajymjycJhonftwdkif;jzpfonfomru Ekref;\ ukefpkHqdkifav;wpf qdkif zGifhxm;ykHudkvnf; arx½GefMuD;\ xyfrHajymjycsufrsm;t& odcJh&avonf/ þae&mwGif uRefawmfonf [m;cg;\ "avhxkH;wrf;rsm;udk tenf;i,fwifjyvdk\/ [m;cg; jrdKU&Sd csif;trsdK;om;rsm;onf trsdK;orD;rsm;ESifhygwfoufí ZDZmraMumifMuyg/ ysdKonf? tdkonf[lí oabm xm; rusOf;ajrmif;Muyg/ trsdK;om;wpfOD;ESifh trsdK;orD;wpfOD;onf tdrfaxmifa&;t& vrf;cGJ&aomfvnf; rdom;pkwpfpkESifh wpfpk rwnfhjcif;? rpnf;vkH;jcif;? pum;rajymMujcif; r&SdMuyg/ tu,fí trsdK;orD;wpfOD; onf ysdKonftdkonfjzpfap? vGwfvyfonfh trsdK;orD;jzpfygu &J&J0Hh0Hh vufxyfMuonf/ rsdK;½kd;*kPf? Zmwd*kPf [lí armufrmjcif;rsdK; tvQOf;r&SdMuyg/ tqifrajyrIrsm;t& tdrfaxmifa&;udkcJGcGmMu&í ESpfOD;ESpfzufonf tdrfaxmifzufrsm;tjzpfrS EkwfxGufMuvifhupm; rdwfaqG&if;csmtjzpf qufvufwnf&SdMuonf/ wpfzufu vdktyfaom tultnDrsm;udk ay;Muonf/ pnf;vkH;Muonf/ uRefawmfwdkY Ekref;\ ukefpkHqdkifav;odkY ta&muf tom;jzLjzLESifh trsdK;orD;i,fwpfOD;onf ukefypönf;rsm;tm;odrf;qnf;vsuf &SdonfudkawGY&\/ arx½GefMuD;u tqdkygtrsdK;orD;rSm Ekref;jzpfaMumif; rdwfqufay;av\/ Ekref;onf touft½G,fri,fvSaomfvnf; ol\ ysdKjrpfaom tvStyrsm;udkrl xdef; odrf;EdkifpGrf;&Sdavonf/ rsufESmtaetxm; 0dkif;0dkif;ESifh Ekref;rSm cspfcifzG,f aumif;avonf/ olr\ yg;jyif ay:wGif wnf&Sdaeaom wif;wdrfrsm;u a'ocHwpfOD;\ obm0tjzpfwnf&Sdav\/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf ESifh ygwfoufcJhaom olrtm; awGYjrif&onfhtcg uRefawmfh&ifxJwGif rwkefvIyfyJ raeEkdifygacs/ csif;trsdK;orD;rsm;xJwGif olruJhodkYaom tom;t&nfydkif&SifrsdK;udkawGY&vdrfhrnf[k uRefawmf tdrfrufyif rrufcJhzl;yg/ txl;tjzifh olr\ tom;&nfjzLazG;El;nHhrIrSm arG;uif;puav;i,fuJhodkYyif jzpf aeawmhonf/ odkYaomfvnf; b0\ &uf&ufpufpuf 'PfcwfrIrsm;um; olr\ rsufESmudk wenf;wzkH tEdkif


82 usifh zsufqD;cJh[ef&Sdonf/ olr\ rsufESmudk csKHí Munfhvsif &ifhusufrIwpfcsdKUudk awGYjrif&rnf jzpfonf/ rnfodkYjzpfap? tqdkyg &ifhusufrIonf olr\ rsufESmtm; odrfi,foGm;atmif rpGrf;aqmif Ekdifyg/ xdkYtjyif olronf emusnf;jcif;tawmfrsm;rsm;tm; &if0,fydkufcJh&[efwlavonf/ olrwpfcsufjyHK; vkdufwdkif; olr\ Ekwfcrf;ab;rS rJhoa,mifa,mift&dyfwpfckvdkufygvmavh&SdjyD; olr\ tjyHK;tm; rJhjyHK;jzpf apavawmhonf/ odkYaomfvnf; tqdkygrJhjyHK;onf olrtm; tusnf;wefroGm;apyg/ olESifh a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfwdkY\ rsufESmESpfckwGif uRefawmfowdxm;rdaom wlnDcsufwpf ck&Sdaeonf/ xdkt&mrSm b,ftcsdefb,ftcgrS aemifw&vdrfhrnf r[kwfaom jywfom;rIwpfckyif jzpfonf/ Ekref;onf uRefawmfxifxm;onfxuf vSdKufvSJysLiSmpGm uRefawmfhudkEkwfqufonf/ olrESifh arx½GefMuD;wdkY onf tawmfMumonftxd a'ocHpum;rsm;ESifh ajymaeMuonf/ aemufqkH;wGif arx½GefMuD;onf Ekref;ESifh uRefawmfhtm; rdwfqufay;í xGufcGgoGm;awmhonf/ uRefawmfvnf; tHhtm;oifhí usef&pfonf/ uRefawmfh tm;wpfa,mufxJ xm;cJh&ufavjcif; [lí pdwfraumif;yifjzpfrdonf/ trSefrSm arx½GefMuD;onf uRef awmfwdkYcsif; vGwfvGwfvyfvyf ajymqdkEdkif&efa&SmifxGufoGm;jcif;jzpfonf[k aemifwGifajymjyonf/ Ekref;onf ukefypönf;rsm;tm; qufodrf;vsuf&SdjyD; uRefawmfhtm; olr\tdrfodkYvdkufcJh&ef zdwfac:vsuf&Sdonf/ tpyxrwGif uRefawmfonf tenf;i,f aMumifoGm;aomfvnf; aemufqkH;wGif olr\ zdwfac:rIudk tvdkvdkvufcHrdvdkufonf/ uRefawmf\tm½kPfxJwGif olr\½kd;om;rIrsm;tm; cHpm;rdaeonf/ olronf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf aysmufqkH;&onfh taMumif;tm; tvGefpdwf0ifpm;onfhykH&Sdaomfvnf; twwfEdkifqkH; xdef;csKyfxm;onfhykH ay:onf/ uRefawmfhtm;vnf; b,frSmwnf;ovJ? pm;a&;aomufa&; t qifajyrajyqdkonfrsm;tm; rdrd\ rdwfaqG&if;ozG,f ar;jref;vsuf&Sd\/ xdkYaemuf olru uRefawmfhtm; ,ckawGYvsifawGYjcif; olr\tdrfodkYzdwfac:onfh twGuf ol rtm; txifrvGJrSm;ap&ef &Sif;jyonf/ olronf uRefawmfESifh at;at; aq;aq; pum;rsm;udkajymvdkonfh twGufyifjzpfonf/ olronf uRefawmfhtm; t&ufESifh {nfhcHrnf[kqdkvmcsdefwGif uRefawmfpdwfvIyf&Sm;rd\/ uRefawmfonf csif;jynfe,fodkYa&muf&SdvmonfhtcsdefyrmP enf;vGef;tm;MuD;ojzifh t&m&mtm; tom;r usEdkifatmif&Sdawmhonf/ olronf olr\ ukefypönf;rsm;tm; odrf;jyD;oGm;csdefwGif qdkifwHcg;rsm;tm; pdwf at;vufat; ydwfvsuf&Sdonf/ uRefawmfonf olr\ teD;tem;wGif &Sdaeojzifh jzwfoGm;jzwfvmvlrsm;u uRefawmfhtm; txl;tqef;owå0gozG,f pdkufMunfhMuonf/ xdktcsuftm; uRefawmfh taeESifh em;vnf&ef cufvSonf/ Ekref;onf xdktcsufrsm;tm; owdjyKrdykHay:onf/ odkYaomfvnf; rnfonfh ajz&Sif;csufrsdK; udkrS ray;yg/ olronf vlom;tm;vkH;ESifh wjcm;urÇmqDodkYa&mufaeonfholwpfOD;ESifhyif wlaeawmhonf/ xdkYaemufwGif uRefawmfhtm;olrESifh vdkufcJh&ef ac:onf/ uRefawmf tenf;i,f wkefYqdkif;qdkif;&Sdaeonfudk jrifaom Ekref;onf uRefawmfhtm; qef;jym;onfh pum;wpfcGef;udkqdkvdkufonf/ ]] cifAsm;vnf; cspfoufaZmfvdkyJ/ vlawGudkyJ *½kpdkufw,f/ udk,fhudkudk,f *½krpdkufzl;/ }} uRefawmf t&rf; tHhtm;oifhoGm;onf/ xdkYtjyif olrtm;vnf; tm;emoGm;onf/ xdkYaMumifh uRefawmf olrtm; awmif;yefpum;qdkvdkufjyD; wjcm;taMumif;wpfcktm; Oyg,fwHrsOfjzifh ajymvdkufonf/ odkYaomfvnf; uRefawmf ratmifjrifyg/ olrwGif t&m&mtm; uRefawmfxifxm;onfxuf ydkrdkem;vnfEkdif onfh t&nftcsif;wpfck &Sdonf/ pdwfawmh rqdk;yg/ uRefawmfhtm; olru jyefí tm;emonfhpum;rsm;udk vnf; u&m;a&vTwf ajymaejyefygao;onf/ bm&,faMumifhrSef;rod? uRefawmfh&ifxJwGif raumif;yg/ olr onf wcPtwGif;rSmyif uRefawmf\ tZÑwåtm; tEdkif,lpdk;rdk;oGm;ygawmhonf/ wcsdefwnf;rSmyif jrefrm pum;tm; jrefrmwpfOD;xuf usifvnfpGmajymqdkwwfaom olrtm; uRefawmf av;pm;rdonf/ wpfckawmh uRefawmfajymEdkifonf/ olronf pum;vkH;rsm;jzifh uRefawmfhtm; csKyfudkifzdkY r MudK;pm;yg/ olronf olr½kd;&Sif;pGm;em;vnfaom taMumif;t&mrsm;tm; aoG;½kd;om;½kd;jzifh ajymcJhonf/ olronf avmu"H\ xdk;ESufrIrsm;aMumifh t½G,fESifh rvdkufatmif &ifhusufcJhjyDjzpfonf/ olronf csif; awmifwef;rsm;\ t½kd;&Sif;qkH;uAsmwpfyk'fyif jzpfawmhonf/ odkYESifh uRefawmfonf olrESifh wGJvsuf vrf;avsmufjzpfonf/ odkY&mwGif uRefawmfhcHpm;rIrsm;


83 ajymif;vJroGm;yg/ uRefawmfh&ifxJüvnf; a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftm; aravsmhroGm;yg/ olronf a'gufwm cspfoufaZmfESifhygwfoufí uRefawmfhtay:üyif remvdko0efwdkjzpfae[ef&dSavonf/ olronf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESihfygwfoufí pum;ajymvsif ] cspfoufaZmf--- cspfouf aZmf } [lí OD;rwyf? q&mrwyf yJajymwwfavonf/ xdkodkYajymqdkjcif;onf tpwGif uRefawmfhtm; em;cg; apovkdvdk &Sdaomfvnf; aemufydkif;wGifrl usifhom;&oGm;\/ Ekref;\tdrfonf uRefawmfajymcJhaom qwåm;vrf;wGif wnf&Sdonf/ olr\tdrfonf acsmufbufwGif wnf&SdjyD; olr\ tazu aqmufvkyfay;xm;jcif;jzpfonf[k ajym\/ olraexdkif&mtdrf onf ESpfxyftdrfuav;jzpfjyD; olronf atmufxyfwGifaexdkifonf/ atmufxyfqdkjcif;aMumifh ajrnDxyf [k ,lqvsif rSm;oGm;ygvdrfhrnf/ olr\tdrfonf acsmufbufwGif wnf&SdaomaMumifh vnf;aumif; yxrxyftm; vrf;rESifh wajy;nD aqmufvkyfxm;jcif;aMumifh vnf;aumif; olraexdkif&m atmufxyfonf vrf;r\ atmufbufwGif wnf&Sd\/ uRefawmfonf Ekref;ESifh wGJvsuf avsmufvmcJhonf/ Ekref;onf vrf;wpfavsmufwGif awGY aom olrsm;tm; a'ocHpum;rsm;jzifh EkwfqufcJhonf/ tcsdKUvlrsm;onf Ekref;ESifh pum;tawmfrsm;rsm; ajymMuonf/ xdkodkYajymae&if;rSyif olwdkY\ rsufvkH;rsm;onf uRefawmfhbufodkY rMumcP vSnfhíMunfhwwf Mu\/ Ekref;onf xdkodkYjzpfvifhupm; olr\ rsufESmwGif &Sufjcif;? aMumufjcif; t&dyfa,mifrsm; vkH;0r&Sdyg/ uRefawmfomvsif tenf;i,f aMumiftrf;trf; jzpfaeonf/ olr\ tdrfodkYa&muf&ef tawmfav;vrf; avsmuf&\/ jzwfoGm;jzwfvmvlrsm;u uRefawmfhtm;MunfhMuonfrSm uRefawmfhudk,fuRefawmfyif wjcm;j*dK[frS vmaom N*dK[fom;wpfOD;jzpfaeouJhodkYyif cHpm;&\/ uRefawmfwpfckpOf;pm;rdonfrSm a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf þqwåm;vrf;tm; tMudrfrnf rQoGm;cJhonfudkyifjzpfonf/ Ekref;onf olroGm;&mvrf;wavsmufwGif awGY&aom olr\todrsm;tm; at; at;aq;aq;yif EkwfqufoGm;onf/ uRefawmfonf qwåm;vrf;rS jrifawGYEdkifaom [m;cg;jrdKU\ ½Icif;rsm; tm; vrf;avsmuf&if;rSyif ai;armaerdonf/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifh ywfoufcJhonfqdkaom Ekref;onf ,cktcgwGif vGwfvGwfvyfvyf trsdK;orD;yif r[kwfawmh/ olrwGif ylylaEG;aEG; vufxyfxm;aom cifyGef; wpfOD;yif &SdaejyDjzpfonfqdkonfudk uRefawmfowd&oGm;ojzifh Ekref;tm; olr\ a,muFsm;taMumif;tm; ar;Munfhrdonf/ olru olr\ a,muFsm;onf tdrfwGif &Sdaeonfh taMumif;ESifh rMumao;rDtcsdefurS awmif,mckwf&mrS jyefvmoljzpfaMumif;wdkYudkyg ajymjyonf/ uRefawmfwdkY Ekref;\ aetdrfodkY a&muf&SdoGm;csdefwGif aeyif tawmfapmif;aejyDjzpf\/ Ekref;onf olr\ tdrfodkYta&mufwGif uRefawmfhtm; pum;wpfcGef;ajymvdkufonf/ ]] igwdkYtdrfu awmifay:tdrfqdkawmh cifAsm;wdkYu aewwfrSmr[kwfzl;/ tm;emw,f/ }} uRefawmfvnf; tvdkufoifhyif ]] &ygw,f/ tm;emp&mrvdkygzl;/ }} [kjyefajzvdkufonf/ Ekref;onf olrtdrf\ tv,fwGif &Sdaom avSum;rS wqifh qif;oGm;onf/ uRefawmfvnf; vdkufqif;oGm;onf/ olrqif;oGm;aom avSum;\ atmufbufwGifopfom;cif;xm;aom pMuFi,fwpfck&SdjyD; tqdkyg pMuF\ ab;wpfzufwpfcsufwGif tdrfcef;i,fESpfcef;pD&Sdonf/ vusFmbufwGif rD;zdkcef;ESpfcef;&SdjyD; vuf0JbufwGif {nfhcef;ESifh tdyfcef;wdkYwnf&Sdonf/ olrtdrf\ {nfhcef;rSm [m;cg;jrdKU&Sdtdrfrsm;\ xkH;pHt wdkif; rnfonfh xdkifckHrS r&Sd/ Murf;jyifudkom ajymifvufatmifwdkufxm;onf/ uRefawmfonf tqdkyg Murf; jyifay:wGif ajcypfvufypfxkdifcsvdkufonf/ cPtMumwGif csif;vli,fwpfOD;0ifa&mufvmí uRefawmfhtm; jyKH;um Ekwfqufonf/ uRefawmfvnf; uref;uwrf; x&yfvdkufjyD; Ekwfqufvdkufonf/ Ekref;urdwfquf ay;ojzifh tqdkyg vli,frSm Ekref;\ vuf&SdtrsdK;om;rSef;odvdkuf&\/ xdkcsif;vli,ftm; uRefawmfonf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifh ywfoufaMumif; Ekref;u ajymvkdufonfhtcgwGif ol\ rsufESmwGif rnfonfh ajymif;vJrIrsdK;rS xGufay:rvmyg/ azmfa½GpGmyif uRef awmfhtm; Ekwfqufvdkuf\/ olonf uRefawmf\ vuf&SdtvkyftudkifESifh ywfoufí ar;jref;vsufyif &Sdonf/ olonf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftay:wGif av;pm;olwpfOD;jzpfaMumif; rMumcP qdkovdk


84 ajymwwf&m uRefawmf tHhtm;yifoifhrdonf/ trSeftrSm;qdkonfrSm qkH;jzwfonfholtay:wGifom wnf aMumif;oluajymjy&m uRefawmfhrSmolYtm; rav;pm;yJESifh raeEdkifatmifjzpf&onf/ ol\emrnfrSm tdkvsef; jzpfaMumif;ajymjyonf/ uRefawmfonf csif;emrnfrsm;tm; wjznf;jznf;ESifh &if;ESD;pjyKvmjyDjzpfonf/ uRefawmfwdkY pum;ajymaecsdefwGif Ekref;onf t&ufykvif;ESifh t&ufcGufrsm;tm;vmcsay; onf/ t&ufcGufrsm;rSm ausmfpm;aomufqdkifrSmuJhodkY zefcGufrsm;r[kwfygacs/ rwfcGufi,frsm;omjzpfonf/ wpfrsdK;wpfzkH opfqef;aom t&ufaomufyGJtm; uRefawmfqifETJ&rnfudk wjznf;jznf;ESifh cHpm;odvm&\/ tjrnf;taeESifh olwdkYnpmpm;zdkYcsufxm;aom trJom;tenf;i,fudk vmcsay;onf/ onfwpfcgwGifrl uRefawmfonf jrefrm&rfESifh rdwfquf&rnfjzpfonf/ tdkvsef;onf rwfcGufrsm;xJodkY t&ufrsm;tm;avmif;xnfhvdkufonf/ xdkYaemuf a&usuf at;rsm;tm; Ekref;\ tarMuD;[kxif&aom tzGm;MuD;wpfOD;uvmcsay;onf/ tzGm;MuD;onf tenf;i,f tdkrif;vsuf&Sdaomfvnf; olr\ rsufESmay:rS ta&;aMumif;rsm;onf aooyfvSypGm a&;qGJxm;aom csif; jynfe,f\ajrykHwpfykHESifh wlovkdvdkyifxifrd\/ awmifwef;a'orsm;wGif aexdkif&if; MuD;jyif;cJh&aom olr wdkY\ &ifhusufrIonf rxifrSwfEdkifavmufatmif crf;em;xnf0gvGef;vSonf/ Mum;emcJh&aom csif;awmif wef;rsm;\ ordkif;ykHjyifrsm;onf olrrsufESm\ ta&;aMumif;rsm;rS vmaMumif; jyefajymjyzG,f&maumif;vS onf/ raeYu t&uf0dkif;ESifhrwl wrlxl;jcm;onfh t&uf0dkif;onf uRefawmfxifxm;onfxuf pdk jynfvGef;vS\/ uRefawmfonf rwfcGufxJrS t&ufrsm;tm; jznf;jznf;csif;aomufaerdonf/ cPtMumwGif Ekref;onf uRefawmfwdkY t&uf0dkif;wGif vmxdkifjyD; olraomuf&ef t&ufcGufudkyg wpfygwnf;,laqmifvm cJhonf/ olronf t&ufykvif;xJrS t&ufrsm;tm; olr\rwfcGuftwGif;odkY avmif;xnfhvdkufjyD; a&a&mum qGwfueJ aomufcsvdkufonf/ tdkvsef;onf olrt&ufaomufonfhykHtm; jyHK;í Munfhaeonf/ twefMumonftxd rnfolwpfOD;wpfa,mufrS pum;rqdkMuyJ t&ufudkom oJMuD;rJMuD; aomufaeMu\/ uRefawmfwdkY tv,fwGif rD;zdkxm;aom rD;zdkwpfvkH;tm; Ekref;tarMuD;rS vmcsay;onf/ t&ufrSm uRefawmfaomufaeus r[kwfaomaMumifh tenf;i,fteHYjyif;onf[kyifxifrdonf/ tawmfav; MumrS Ekref;u pum;pajymonf/ ]] cspfoufaZmfu b,fudka&mufaewmvJ/ }} ]] tJ'gudk uRefawmfvnf; odcsifaewm/ ol'Du jyefoGm;jyD;uwnf;u uRefawmfwdkYqDudk a&mufrvmzl;av/ }} uRefawmf þrQomajymEkdifonf/ Ekref;u olr\ar;cGef;udkqufonf/ ]] ausmfoDvuaum onftaMumif;udkrodzl;vm;/ }} ]] udkausmfoDv rodvdkY uRefawmfwdkYudkac:vdkY uRefawmfa&mufvm&wmav/ olb,fvdkvkyf jyD;odrSmvJ/ }} Ekref;\rsufESmay:wGif rJhjyHK;wpfckzkH;vTrf;oGm;onf/ ]] uZGefrvkH/ r,kHygzl;/ olrodzl;qdkwm/ olrod&if b,folodrvJ/ olvmac:vdkY cspfoufaZmfu jyefoGm;wmyJ/ }} t&uf\ wefcdk;onf tcsdefydkif;twGif;rSmyif jyvsuf&Sdonf/ uRefawmfonf tenf;i,fyif rl;vsuf&SdaeayjyD/ odkYaomfvnf; Ekref;\ pum;udkMum;&aomtcgwGif uRefawmfrrl;&Jatmif&Sdawmhonf/ Ek ref;ajymoGm;aom pum;tenf;i,fxJwGif ]olvmac:vdkY} [laom pum;onf uRefawmf\em;xJwGif yJhwif xyfvsuf&Sdonf/ uRefawmfxdktydkif;tm; aoaocsmcsm em;rvnfao;ay/ xkdYtjyif udkausmfoDvxHrSwif omru rnfolYxHurS xdktcsuftm; rMum;rdao;acs/ Ekref;onf pum;qufrajymyJ trJom;wpfptm; yg;pyfxJodkY ypfoGif;í wjrHKUjrHKU 0g;ae\/ ]] udkausmfoDvu b,ftcsdefrSmvmac:wmvJ/ }} Ekref;onf olr\ a&Sh&Sdt&ufcGufxJrS t&ufrsm;tm;ukefonftxd armhcsvdkufonf/ olr onfrQ t&ufaomufMurf;rnf[k uRefawmfrxifrdcJhyg/ Ekref;onf uRefawmfhtm; wpfcsufMunfh&if; ajz vdkufonf/ ]] cspfoufaZmf aemufqkH;jyefwJh tcsdefuaygh/ cifAsm;udk b,folrS rajymjyzl;vm;/ }}


85 ]] tJ'g uRefawmf roif&ao;wJh oifcef;pmwpfyk'fyJ/ }} uRefawmf\pum;tm; Ekref;onf em;rvnfovdk Munfhvdkufojzifh uRefawmfpum;quf vdkufonf/ ]] uRefawmfajymcsifwmu uRefawmfhudk b,folrS rajymjyMuzl;/ }} Ekref;u pum;qufvdkufonf/ ]] vlawGu vnfMuw,f/ Ekref;u awmifay:olqdkawmh? ½dk; w,f? tw,f? 'gayr,fh 'Davmufawmh odygw,f/ trSefawmh cspfoufaZmfvnf; ½dk;w,f? tw,f/ olom olYoli,fcsif;awGeJY rawGY&if ol[m t½dk;qkH;vlwpfa,mufyJ/ olYoli,fcsif;awGu vlvnfawGcsnf;yJ/ olY oli,fcsif;awG&JU pum;udk olb,fawmhrS rvGefqefEkdifzl;/ olYoli,fcsif;awGeJY awGY&if olvnf; vlvnfjzpf oGm;awmhwmyJ/ }} uRefawmfonf Ekref;qufajymrnfhpum;rsm;tm; pdwf0ifpm;pGm apmifhaerdonf/ odkYaomf vnf; Ekref;onf rnfonfhpum;udkrQ rqufawmhyg/ olra&Sh&Sd t&ufcGufudkom pdkufMunfhaeonf/ wcsdef vkH;jidrfaecJhaom tdkvsef;u olrtm; a'ocHpum;wpfcGef;ajymvdkufonf/ olronf bmudkrS rajzyJ acgif; udkom cgvsuf&Sd\/ uRefawmfvnf; tae&cufaom taetxm;odkY a&mufrSef;rod a&mufoGm;onf/ xdkYaemufwGif tdkvsef;onf uRefawmfhtm; ]] tudk? bmrS tm;remeJY/ uRefawmfoGm;p&mav;&SdvdkY/cGifhjyKygOD;/}} [kajymí csufjcif;qdkovkd xGufoGm;awmh\/ uRefawmfvnf; Ekref;udkomai;Munfhrdaeonf/ Ekref;onf uRefawmf\ tMunfhtm;aumif; pGm owdxm;rdykHay:onf/ xdkYaMumifhyif olrpum;qufvdkufonf/ ]] wpfrsdK;rxifygeJY/ igha,muFsm;u ighudk t&rf;cspfwm/ tck olu ola&Smifay;&rvm;vdkY ar;wm/ igu rvdkzl;vdkY ajymayr,fh olxGufoGm;jyDav/ }} uRefawmfvnf; udktdkvsef;tm; tm;emovdkvdkyif jzpfoGm;\/ Ekref;onf idkawmhrnfhykHouJh odkY &Sdaomfvnf; rsuf&nfusrnfhykHawmhr&Sdygacs/ tvdkufodvGef;aom olr\a,muFsm; udktdkvsef;tm; uRef awmf oem;rdonf/ Ekref;u pum;qufvdkufonf/ ]] cifAsm;udk igcifw,f/ cifAsm;rSm cspfoufaZmfeJYwlwJh[mawG &Sdw,f/ cifAsm;u cspfouf aZmfvdkyJ vlawGudkaMumufwwfw,f/ }} uRefawmfpum;qufvdkuf\/ ]] uRefawmfu vlawGudkaMumufwmjzpfcsifvnf; jzpfr,f/ 'gayr,fh vlawGudk raMumufvdkY r&zl;/ *kPfodu©mqdkwm vlawGu owfrSwfwm/ udk,fh *kPfodu©m rndK;EGrf;zdkY vlawGudk av;pm;&r,f/ vl awGudk aMumuf&r,f/ vlawGwdkif;wmwJhaywHxJrSm uRefawmfwdkY? cifAsm;wdkY *kPfodu©mawG&Sdaew,f/ olwdkY&JU vufxJudk uRefawmfwdkY? cifAsm;wdkY *kPfodu©mawGudk 0uGuftyfxm;&w,f/ 'g obm0yJ/ }} uRefawmfvnf; ajymoifhonf? rajymoifhonf rqifjcifrdyg/ pum;rsm;tm; ajymxGufjzpfcJh \/ Ekref;onf rJhjyHK;wpfcktm; wkefYjyefrIwpfcktjzpf ay;&if;pum;qdkvdkufonf/ ]] 'gqdk&if vlawGu cifAsm;pm;p&m r&Sd&if olwdkY vmauR;rSmvm;/ igwdkY taz a'goxGuf aewJh tcsdefrsdK;rSm olwdkYu igwdkY *kPfodu©maMumifhqdkjyD;awmh vmjyD; ulnD&Sif;jyay;rSmvm;/ }} onfwpfcgwGif Ekref;onf uRefawmfhtm; ½dk;½dk;&Sif;&Sif;av;ESifhyif tvJxdk;tEdkif,loGm;awmh \/ uRefawmf rnfonfhpum;udkrQ rqufEkdifawmhyg/ Ekref;u pum;qufvdkufonf/ ]] vlawG? vlawG--- [if;μ --- 'gawGyJ/ cspfoufaZmfvnf; 'DvdkyJ/ vlawGudkyJ *½kpdkufw,f/ cifAsm;vnf; vlawGudkyJ *½kpdkufw,f/ vlawGu cifAsm;udkbmrsm; vkyfay;vdkYvJ/ cifAsm;uom vlawG t wGuf aocsifao&rSm/ 'gawmif cifAsm;wdkYu vlawGudk *½kpdkufEkdifao;w,f/ }} uRefawmf rnfonfhpum;udkrQ rqdk&JavmufatmifyifjzpfoGm;awmhonf/ Ekref;onf olawGY MuHKcJh&aom cg;oD;vGef;onfh avmu"Hrsm;aMumifh vlYavmutm; pdwfemvsuf&Sd\/ olr\ emusnf;rIrSm jyif;xefvGef;ojzifh olr\ pum;rsm;rSm &Jwif;vGef;onf[k xifrdonf/ olronf olrudk,fwdkif wnf&Sdae aom avmuMuD;tm; rsufrkef;usdK;aeonf/ uRefawmfonf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftaMumif;tm;odvdkojzifh r0Hhr&J ar;vdkufonf/ ]] 'gawGxm;ygav/udkcspfoufaZmftaMumif;udk cifAsm;odoavmufenf;enf;ajymjyygvm;/


86 txl;ojzifh udkcspfoufaZmf tckb,frSm&SdEkdifrvJqdkwmrsdK;udkaygh/}} ]] igajymjycJhjyD;jyDyJ/ ausmfoDvaemufudk cspfoufaZmfuvdkufoGm;wm/ ausmfoDvyJ odrSm aygh/ }} ]] b,fvdk--- udkcspfoufaZmfu udkausmfoDv aemufudk vdkufoGm;w,f/ [kwfvm;/ }} uRef awmf tHhtm;oifhpGm ar;vdkuf\/ Ekref;onf olr\ t&ufcGufxJodkY t&ufrsm;tm; avmif;xnfhvdkuf&if; pum;qufvdkufonf/ ]] [kwfw,fav/ ausmfoDvu cspfoufaZmfudkvmac:w,f/ cspfoufaZmfu rvdkufzl;/ ausmfoDvu t&ifjyefoGm;w,f/ aemufaeYrSm cspfoufaZmfu olYoli,fcsif;udk aMumufvdkY ausmfoDvaemuf udk vdkufoGm;wm/ ausmfoDvu w&m;cHyJ/ }} uRefawmfvma&muf&jcif;\ aomhcsufonf udkausmfoDvyifjzpfonf/ udkausmfoDvonf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftay:wGif nDtudk&if;ozG,f cspfcifaMumif; uRefawmf,kHMunfcJhonf/ tck Ekref;\ pum;tm; vufcH&ef uRefawmfhtaeESifh cufcJvsuf&Sdonf/ ] ausmfoDvu w&m;cHyJ/} [laom Ekref;\ pGyf pGJcsufonf uRefawmfhtm; vGefpGm a00g;oGm;apawmh\/ xdkYtjyif tqdkygpGyfpGJcsufonf rnfrQ tajctjrpf &Sdrnfudk uRefawmf cefYrSef;&cufvsuf&Sd\/ Ekref;u olr\ pum;ukdqufvdkufonf/ ]] igpdwft&rf;npfw,f/ igpdwfnpfaewmMumjyD/ wpfaeYrSm cspfoufaZmf[m 'DvdkjyefoGm; vdrfhr,fqdkwmudk igMudKodxm;w,f/ 'gayr,fh wu,fMuHKvmawmh igrcHpm;Edkifzl;/ igidkw,f/ igt&rf;idk& w,f/ iguswJh rsuf&nf[m rdk;vdkrkefwdkif;vdkyJ/ igt&rf; yifyef;w,f/ igolYudk t&rf;owd&w,f/ ighpdwfxJ rSm ridkcsifzl;/ aysmfcsifw,f/ olYudkvnf; rjyefapcsifzl;/ olYudk igoem;w,f/ 'ghaMumifh olYudk igvdkufydkYw,f/ oljyefoGm;awmh um;*dwfrSm igwpfa,mufwnf; usefcJhw,f/ ig t&rf;0rf;enf;w,f/ }} uRefawmfonf Ekref;\ rsufESmtm; u&kPmoufpGm ai;Munfhaerdonf/ [m;cg;ajrrS tjyD; tydkif xGufcGgoGm;aom a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftm; vkdufvHydkYaqmif&if; txD;usefpGm usef&pfaom olr\ rsufESmtm; uRefawmfjrifa,mifMunfhaerdonf/ xdkodkY txD;usefpGm usef&pfaom olr\ ESvkH;om;wGif;wGif xkxnfMuD;rm;aom arwåmw&m;wdkY udef;atmif;aecJhonfukd rnfolwpfOD;wpfa,mufrS em;vnfEkdifrnf r [kwfygacs/ arwåmw&m;MuD;rm;ygonfqdkaom r[mu&kPm&Sif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf Ekref;\ cH pm;csuftm; em;rvnfEkdifyJ aernf r[kwfygacs/ olonfomvsif Ekref;\ cHpm;csufrsm;tm; em;tvnfEdkif qkH; jzpfoifhcJhavonf/ uRefawmf\tawG;ykH&dyfü olYtm; owd&jcif;twdjyD;aom ol\ rdbrsm;½kyfoGif onf xif;xif;MuD;ay:vmaomtcgwGif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ qkH;jzwf&cufaom taetxm;udkvnf; odjrifvm&onf/ odkY&mwGif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf olYtm; MuifemMuaom olrsm;xHrS ajy;xGufoGm;cJh avjyD/ ,kwfpGtqkH; olYtm; nDtudk&if;uJhodkY cspfcifcJhonfh udkausmfoDvxHodkYyif a&mufrvmcJhygacs/ ,cktcsdefxd Ekref;onf pdwfxJü jyif;xefpGm cHpm;ae&ykHay:aomfvnf; olr ridkyg/ olr rsuf&nfrusyg/ olr\ rsuf&nfrsm; cef;ajcmufcJhykH&\/ olr\ rsuf&nfrsm;jzifh wnfaqmufcJhaom tvGrf; bdrmefonf wpfppDjydKuGJysufqD;cJhjyDjzpfonf/ uRefawmfonf jzpfEkdifvsif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftm; awGYcsif onf/ olYtm; ar;cGef;rsm;pGmudk ar;csifonf/ arwåmw&m;vGefqGJyJGrS ol EkwfxGufoGm;cJhykHrSm yOövufqef vGef;\/ Ekref;onf uRefawmfhtm;pdkufMunfhjyD;rS ajymvkdufonf/ ]] cifAsm;uawmh ighudk txifao;rSmyJaemf/ igu t&ufaomufw,fqdkawmh txifao; csifp&myJ/ 'gayr,fh iguawmh b,folYudkrS *&krpdkufzl;/ }} ]] [m cifAsm;udk uRefawmftxifrao;ygzl;/ "avhp&dkufqdkwm wpfae&meJY wpfae&m b,f wlEkdifyghrvJ/ uRefawmfem;vnfygw,f/ uRefawmf cifAsm;udka&m? cifAsm;a,muFsm;udka&m tm;emwmyJ&Sd w,f/ uRefawmfhaMumifh cifAsm;wdkY pdwfnpfMu&w,f/ uRefawmfom a&mufrvm&if cifAsm;wdkYtaeeJY 'Dt aMumif;awGudk owdawmif&rSm r[kwfzl;/ }} ]] [efraqmifygeJYav/ cifAsm;udk MunfhwmeJY odygw,f/ igu [efaqmifwmqdk rkef;w,f/


87 cspfoufaZmfvnf; [efaqmifwwfw,f/ ighudk rcspf[efaqmifw,f/ ol[efaqmifw,fqdkwmudk igodaewm yJav/ 'ghaMumifh igolYudk rkef;w,f/ rkef;csifw,f/ rkef;vdkYr&zl;/ }} Ekref;\ pum;oHrsm;wdrf0ifoGm;onfudk uRefawmfowdxm;rdonf/ uRefawmfvnf; pum; vrf;aMumif;vTJ&ef MudK;pm;rdonf/ odkYaomfvnf; ratmifjrifyg/ xdktcsdefwGif aphxm;aom Ekref;wdkY {nfhcef;\ wHcg;onf 0kef;ueJ yGifhoGm;jyD; vli,fwpfOD; onf ',drf;',dkifjzifh 0ifa&mufvmawmhonf/ xdkvli,ftm; uRefawmfwpfcgurS rjrifzl;yg/ ½kwfw&ufjzpf ay:vmaom tjzpftysufrsm;aMumifh uRefawmfaMumifaerdawmhonf/ ,cktcsdefwGif uRefawmfonf avSmif tdrfxJodkY a&muf&Sdaeaom om;aumifwpfaumifozG,f cHpm;ae&onf/ xdkvli,fonf a'ocHwpfOD;jzpfjyD; ½kyf&nfrSm a'ocHacsm acsmaom vli,fwpfOD;yif jzpf onf/ csif;vli,fonf uRefawmfhtm; emembm0 wpfaumiftvm; pdkufMunfhvdkufjyD; uRefawmf\ teD;wGif xkdifcsvdkufonf/ ol\ ajcaxmufrS bGwfzdeyfrsm;udkyif rcRwfacs/ ol0ifvmaomaMumifh Ekref;wdkY tdrf\ Murf;jyifwGif bGwfzdeyf&mrsm;xifoGm;onf/ Ekref;onf a'ocHpum;rsm;jzifh xdkvli,ftm;ajymvdkufonf/ Ekref;onf uRefawmfhtm; tm;emaeykH &Sdonf/ cPtMumwGif Ekref;u xkdvli,frSm olr\ armif ygusJ jzpfaMumif; uRefawmfhudk rdwfquf ay;onf/ ygusJonf uRefawmfhbufodkYvSnfhvdkufjyD; pum;qdkvdkufonf/ olpum;qdkvdkufykHrSm tmVm0ubDvl; MuD;rS [def;a[mufvdkufonfESifhyif wlaeao;awmhonf/ ]] cifAsm;u b,folvJ/ 'Dudk bmvmvkyfwmvJ/ }} uRefawmfrnfodkY jyefajz&rSef;rodcsdefwGif tdkvsef;vnf;vdkufí 0ifvmojzifh uRefawmfpdwf ayghoGm;awmh\/ tdkvsef;u a'ocHpum;rsm;jzifh ygusJtm; ajzmif;jzaeonf/ xdkYaemufwGif tdkvsef;onf uRefawmftm; awmif;yefpum;qkdvdkufonf/ uRefawmfvnf; udpör&SdaMumif;jyefajymrdonf/ ygusJonf uRefawmfhtm; Za0Z0g EkdifvGef;vSaom tMunfhrsm;jzifhMunfhonf/ jyD;aemuf uRefawmfhtm; ol\ vufwpfzufudkurf;ay;vdkufonf/ uRefawmfvnf; 0rf;omtm;&yif vufqGJEkwfquf vdkufonf/ tajctaersm;onf taumif;bufodkY OD;wnfvmcJhonf/ aemufqkH;wGif uRefawmfwdkY t&uf0dkif; ü olwdkYESpfOD;ygwkd;í tm;vkH; av;OD;jzpfoGm;awmh\/ ygusJu pum;ajymvdkufonf/ ]] aqm&D;ygyJAsm/ cifAsm;udkjrifawmh uRefawmfh pdwfxJrSm tudkvdkYxifoGm;wm/ tHhtm;vnf; oifh? 0rf;vnf;omayghAsm/ 'gayr,fh aoaocsmcsmMunfhawmh r[kwfzl;qdkwmudkodawmh uRefawmfav? rSm; oGm;w,f/ }} uRefawmfjyHK;íom olYtm; pdkufMunfhrdonf/ Ekref;u &Dumarmumjzifh uRefawmfhtm; ajym vkdufonf/ ]] olajymwJh tudkqdkwm wjcm;olr[kwfzl;/ cspfoufaZmfyJ/ olu cspfoufaZmfudk t&rf;cspfwm/ cspfoufaZmfeJY ol[m wu,fh nDtudkvdkyJ/ wu,fuvnf; nDtudkawGygyJav/ }} uRefawmfh&ifxJwGif raumif;yg/ aoG;&if;om;&if; nDtudk&if; [laom pum;twdkif; olwdkY \ &ifxJwGif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf ykkH&dyfwpfck tjzpfusef&pfaeonf/ ygusJonf pum;rsm;udk ajym vsuf&Sdonf/ ]] tudkYudk uRefawmf[dkaeYu tdrfrufrufw,f/ olb,fudkrS roGm;zl;/ onfcsif;awmifrSmyJ &Sdaew,fwJh/ olYudk uRefawmf awGYawmh olYykHu t&rf;xl;qef;aew,f/ uRefawmfhudkvnf; qkH;rw,f/ uRef awmfh axmfvm*sDudkvnf; vkdufjyD;pD;w,f/ uRefawmfaysmfvdkufwmav/ Ekref;udk ajy;ajymcsifw,f/ tudk uRef awmfwdkYudk ypfroGm;zl;vdkYaygh/ 'gayr,fh acgif;avmif;oHwpfckMum;awmh uRefawmfvefYEdk;vmw,f/ uRefawmf Edk;vmawmh tudkvnf;r&Sdawmhzl;/ axmfvm*sDvnf; r&Sdawmhzl;/ bmrS r&Sdawmhzl;/ uRefawmf tJonf acgif; avmif;oHudk pdwfqdk;w,f/ pdwfemw,f/ }} uRefawmfonf olwdkY\ jrefrmpum;tm; uRrf;usifydkifEkdifpGm ajymwwfykHtm; av;pm;rd\/ uRefawmfonf ygusJ\ tdrfrufwGif epfarsmvsuf&Sdonf/ acgif;avmif;oHonf wpfcgwpf&HwGif aorif;w ref\ trdefYoHjzpfwwf\/ uRefawmfonf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmftwGuf pdwfyloGm;rdonf/ a'gufwmcspf oufaZmfonf þurÇmMuD;ü &Sdaum&Sdygao;&JUvm;qdkonfh tay:wGif uRefawmf yxrOD;qkH; oHo,0ifrd\/


88 uRefawmfonf ygusJtm; pum;wpfcGef;ajymvdkufonf/ ]] uRefawmfu udkcspfoufaZmfudk r jrifzl;ygzl;/ 'gayr,fh Mum;&oavmufeJYyJ olY t&nftcsif;udk cefYrSef;vdkY &ygw,f/ uRefawmfolYudk av;pm;rd w,f/ nDav;u olYudk jrifzl;wJholqdkawmh tudkwpfckar;csifw,f/ tck cspfoufaZmfu aysmufaew,f/ 'Du jyefoGm;jyD;uwnf;u olYudk b,folrS rawGYMuawmhzl;/ nDav;pdwfxJrSm olb,frSmrsm;&Sdaew,fxifovJ/ }} ygusJonf uRefawmf\pum;aMumifh wkefvIyfoGm;\/ xdkYaemuf ol\tr Ekref;tm; a'ocH pum;rsm;jzifh ajymqdkvsuf&Sdonf/ olESifh Ekref;wkdY tjyeftvSef ajymqdkaeMuonfrSm tawmfMum\/ olwdkY tcsif;csif;ajymqdkMu&if;ESifhyif olwdkY\ pum;oHrsm;rSm jyif;xefvm\/ tdkvsef;onf jzefajzvdkonfh oabm rsdK;jzifh 0ifa&mufajymqdkaomfvnf; tcsnf;ESD;yif/ aemufqkH;wGif Ekref;onf jrefrmpum;wpfckudk [pfatmf vdkufonf/ ]] rjzpfEkdifzl;/ b,fvdkrS rjzpfEkdifzl;/ tvum; t½l;awG/ tvum; ,kHwrf;pum;awG/ }} Ekref;onf xdkodkY ajymtjyD;wGif xGufoGm;awmhonf/ uRefawmfonf ygusJtm; pdkufMunfhae rdonf/ ygusJonf ,ck tcsdeftxd pum;wpfvkH;rS rajymacs/ ol\ t&ufcGufxJrS t&ufudkom aomuf vsuf&Sdonf/ ygusJonf t&ufcGuftm; cstjyD;wGif tdrfrsufESmMuuftm; ai;Munfh&if; wpfpkHwpfcktm; pOf; pm;aeonfhykH ay:onf/ uRefawmfonf ol\ tawG;tm; jzwfawmufvdkonfh pdwful;r&Sdonfh twdkif; t awmfav;Mumonftxd jidrfaerdonf/ odkYaomfvnf; uRefawmfodcsifwmrsm;usefaeao;í ygusJtm; rwwf omawmhyJ ar;&awmh\/ ]] nDav;/ ajymygOD;/ tudk ar;xm;wmav;awGudk ajzay;ygOD;/}} ygusJonf uRefawmf\ pum;ukdMum;vdkuf&onfhtcg tdrfrufrS Edk;vmolwpfOD;uJhodkY wkef vIyfoGm;jyD; pum;qdkvdkuf\/ olYwGif ,cifu&SdcJhaom wif;rmrIrsdK;wdkY r&Sdawmhygacs/ ]] uRefawmfajymjycsifw,f/ b,fu pajym&rSef;rodzl;/ }} xdktcsdefwGif tdkvsef;onf olYtpm; ajymvdkufonf/ ]] q&myg;? cifAsm; ,kHr,kHawmh rodzl;/ tck qwåm;vrf;bufrSm ykHjyifwpfyk'f acwfpm; vmw,f/ cspfoufaZmf[m 0wf½kH teDMuD;udk0wfjyD; vlawGudk u,fwifaew,fwJh/ ygusJu axmfvm*sD armif;wJholqdkawmh tJonfvrf;awGudk O'[kdoGm;ae&wmav/ olMum;vmwm/ 'gayr,fh vrf;wavsmufrSm &SdwJh ½GmpOf½Gmquf ar;Munfhawmh b,folurS cspfoufaZmfudkawGY w,fvdkY rajymMuzl;/ ukefukefajym&&if 0wf½kH teDeJY vludk rawGYzl;Muzl;/ cufwmu b,folupjyD; 'Dpum;udko,fvmw,fawmh rodzl;/ 'g[m Ekref;udk rkef;wJholwpfa,mufa,mufu tuGufqifjyD;ajymwJhpum;vdkY Ekref;u ,kHMunfaew,f/ uRefawmf vnf; tJonfvdk ,kHMunfw,f/ 'gayr,fh ygusJu rSefr,fvdkYxifaew,f/ ]] wu,fvdkY cspfoufaZmfom ajrjyefYwpfae&m&mrSm &Sdw,fqdkwmod&&ifyJ 'DtaMumif;udk arhxm;vdkY &jyD/ tck cifAsm;u oljyefa&mufrvmzl;qdkawmh uRefawmfvnf; ajymrjywwfawmhzl;/ }} tdkvsef;onf ememusnf;usnf;ESifh pum;qdkvdkufonfudk uRefawmfowdxm;rdonf/ uRef awmfhaMumifh omvsif olwdkY tMum;ü½IyfaxG;rIrsm; ay:vm&jcif;jzpfojzifh uRefawmfonfyif olwdkY\ &efol wpfOD;ozG,f jzpfae\/ tdkvsef;\ pum;rsm;onf ydkrdkwif;rmvmonf/ ]] cifAsm;u aoa&maocsmvdkYvm;/ cspfoufaZmf ajrjyefYudkjyefrvmzl;qdkwm/ 'g aemufp &mawmh r[kwfzl;aemf/ }} uRefawmfonf tcuftcJrsm;pGmudk vufawGY &ifqdkif&rnfholwpfOD;uJhodkYjzpfae\/ uRefawmf ykHrSefavoHjzifhjyefajymvkdufonf/ ]] uRefawmfu tJonf twGuf [m;cg;udkvmcJhwmyJOpöm/ uRefawmfh&ifxJrSm b,folYudkrS epfemapzdkY &nf½G,fcsuf r&Sdzl;/ uRefawmfodcsifwmu tck udkcspfoufaZmf b,frSm&SdaevJyJ/ ol&SdwJh ae&m udk od&&if uRefawmfoGm;awGYr,f/ olYrdbawG pdwfqif;&Jae&wJhtaMumif;udk oGm;jyD;ajymjyr,f/ wwfEkdifo avmuf olYudkjyefzdkY ajzmif;jzr,f/ tJ'g uRefawmfh&nf½G,fcsufyJ/ }} uRefawmf\ pum;tqkH;wGif ygusJonf tdkvsef;tm; a'ocHpum;rsm;jzifh ajymvdkufonf/ olwdkY\ pum;0dkif;rSmvnf; tawmfMumjyD; wjznf;jznf;ESifh ygusJ\ pum;rsm;uwif;rmvmojzifh uRefawmf


89 tenf;i,f xdwfvefYrdonf/ cPtMumwGif tdkvsef;onf tcef;wGif;rS xGufcGgoGm;awmh\/ tcef;wGif;wGif uRefawmfESifh ygusJESpfOD;om usef&pfawmhonf/ ygusJu uRefawmfhtm; Munfhvdkuf&if; pum;ajymvdkuf\/ ]] tudk? pdwfr&SdygeJY/ uRefawmfwdkY twGuf tJonfowif;[m jyóemyJ/ uRefawmfu rSef w,fxifvdkY olwdkYu uRefawmfhudk rauseyfMuzl;/ uRefawmfvnf; Mum;pu r,kHzl;/ ajymwJholuvnf; tao tcsmodwm r[kwfzl;/ wqifh wqifh Mum;wmawGcsnf;yJ/ udk,fwdkifawGYwJhol wpfa,mufrS r&Sdzl;/ 'gayr,fh bmjzpfvdkY tJonfowif;xGuf&wmvJ/ wpfckckawmh wpfckckyJ/ uRefawmf udkcspfoufaZmftwGuf pdk;&drfw,f/ aemufjyD; uRefawmfudk,fwkdifuvnf; tdrfrufrufxm;wJhol r[kwfvm;/ }} a&S;,cif jrefrmrif;rsm;vufxufu oabmif[lí edrdwfajy;aom udpöwpfck acwfpm;zl; \/ ,ckvnf; cspfoufaZmfonf edrdwfajy;aom aumv[mvxJwGif yg0ifae\/ aumv[mvwdkYonf t wdkif;twm wpfcktxd rSefwwf\/ uRefawmfonf tqdkyg udpörsm;tm; awG;rdwkdif; pdwfvIyf&Sm;&onf/ aemufwpfcsuf pOf;pm;rdonfrSm tu,fí tqdkygowif;rSefcJhaomf Ekref;onf tdkvsef;ESifh vufxyfxm;ol jzpfonfh twGuf olwdkY\ tdrfaxmifa&;tm; xdcdkufvmEkdifonf/ xdkYaMumifh Ekref;onf tqdkygowif;tm; rSm;,Gif;rIwpfck tjzpf owfrSwfxm;jcif;jzpfayvdrfhrnf/ uRefawmfh twGufrl ½IyfaxG;rIrsm;om ydkvmcJh&\/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf uRefawmfxifxm;onfxuf ydkí yOövufqefvGef;ae\/ ol xm;cJhonfh ykpämrsm;rSm uRefawmfem;vnfxm;onfxuf ydkrdk eufeJae\/ olonf uRefawmf\ apm'ursm; tm; csdKrdkifrdkifoabmrsdK;jzifh t&DtjyHK;rysuf pdefac:vsuf&Sdonf/ uRefawmfh taeESifh bmudkrS rpOf;pm;csif awmhyg/ bmudkrS rawG;awmcsifawmhyg/ Ekdifrnf[kxifrSwfcJh&aom avmif;upm;yJGonf rxifrSwfyJ tvGef uRrf;usifolwpfOD;ESifh &ifqdkif&acsjyD/ rm,my&d,m,frsm;aom ynm&SifwpfOD;ESifh ezl;awGY 'l;awGY awGY&acs jyD/ onftwdkif;qdkvsif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf vG,fvG,fulul aoqkH;rnfhol wpfOD;awmh r[kwfwefygacs/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ oJvGefptm; &SmazGvmEdkifay;aom ygusJtm; uRefawmfaus;Zl; wifrdonf/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf qwåmvrf;wGif wu,fr&Sdonf? &Sdonfxm;? a'gufwmwifaxG;ajym ouJhodkYyif a&qGmodkY uRefawmfc&D;ESif&rnfh ta&;onf uRefawmf\ acgif;xJodkY tpdkiftcJ wpfckyrm 0if a&mufvm\/ uRefawmfonf tcsdefvifhvsuf&Sdojzifh atmifrdk;wkdY pdwfylaernfudkpdk;&drfojzifh jyef&ef[ef jyifvdkufonf/ ygusJu vdkufydkYrnfqdkojzifh uRefawmfujiif;aomfvnf; r&ygacs/ jyefawmhrnfjzpfojzifh uRefawmfonf Ekref;ESifh udktdkvsef;tm;Ekwfquf&ef vdkuf&Smrdonf/ uRefawmf ygusJ\ ajymjycsuft& rD;zdk cef;xJodkY 0ifvdkufaomtcgwGif Ekref;onf rD;zdkbufodkYvSnfhí xkdifaejyD; tdkvsef;onf olrESifhodyfra0;aom ae&mwpfckwGif jidrfoufpGm xdkifae\/ uRefawmfonf olwdkYtm;jyefOD;rnf[k EkwfqufvdkufaomtcgwGif Ek ref;onf olr\ yg;jyifESpfzuftm; vufckHESifhokwfvdkufjyD; uRefawmfhtm;vSnfhMunfhvkdufonf/ atmf--- olr idkaeygvm;/ uRefawmf tawmfpdwfraumif;jzpfoGm;onf/ tdkvsef;onf jyHK;vsuf uRefawmfhudk Munfhae\/ uRefawmfonf olwdkY teD;&Sd ckHwpfvkH;tm;qGJ,lvdkufjyD; xkdifvdkufonf/ uRefawmfuyif pum;pajymvdkufonf/ ]] uRefawmfhaMumifh cifAsm;wkdYtm;vkH;pdwfqif;&JaeMu&jyD/ pdwfraumif;ygzl;Asm/ uRef awmfh tjypfawGyg/ uRefawmfhudk cGifhvGwfyg/ }} Ekref;u ]] rqdkifygzl;/ b,folrS pdwfrqif;&Jygzl;/ cifAsm;u pdwfaumif;&Sdygw,f/ 'gayr,fh cifAsm;udkawmh r,kHzl;/ cifAsm;vnf; ausmfoDvvkdyJ? vlvnfawGyJ/ }} [k ayí jiif;vdkufonf/ uRefawmf bmajym&rSef;rodatmifjzpfoGm;\/ tkdvsef;u pum;pajymrnfjyifvdkufcsdefwGif Ekref;u a'ocHpum;jzifh ajym&m tdkvsef;uvnf; jyefajymaeonfrSm tawmfMumjyef\/ uRefawmfvnf; bmrS em;vnfEkdifolr[kwfojzifh pdwf&Snfvuf&SnfESifh jidrfaevdkuf\/ aemufqkH;wGif tdkvsef;onf tEdkif& oGm;ykHay:onf/ tdkvsef;u uRefawmfhbufodkYvSnfhíuRefawmfrarQmfvifhxm;aom pum;udkqdkvdkufawmhonf/ ]] udkausmfcdkif? cifAsm;ajymwmtrSefyJvm;/ cifAsm; cspfoufaZmfudkawGY&if jyefac:oGm;r,f qdkwm trSefyJvm;/ trSefyJqdk&if tJonfpum;wnfygapvdkY uRefawmfqkawmif;ygw,fAsm/ }}


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106 ]] uRefawmf--- ausmfcdkifqdkwJhaumifu a[m'Dcsif;ajrudk olrsm;udpöeJYvmw,fqdkuwnf;u cifAsm;wdkY uRefawmfh&JU taMumif;udk owdxm;rdzdkYaumif;w,f/ uRefawmfu udkcspfoufaZmftwGuf xGufvm wJhtcsdefupjyD;awmh jzpfay:vmorQ tEÅ&m,ftm;vkH;udk &ifqkdifzdkYtoifhjyifjyD;om;/ uRefawmfh qDrSm bm aMumufpdwfrS r&Sdzl;/ cifAsm;wdkYu wm0efeJYvmwm/ uRefawmfu udkcspfoufaZmftaMumif;udk auseyfo avmuf rod&&if jyefrSmr[kwfzl;/ 'Dawmh uRefawmfae&r,fhtcsdef[mvnf; tqkH;r&Sdovdk? uRefawmfoGm;& r,fh vrf;aMumif;awGuvnf; tqkH;tpr&Sdzl;/ ]] ajymwmMumygw,fAsm/ uRefawmf qlcGg;&fudk cifAsm;wdkY t&ifoGm;&if cifAsm;wdkY auseyf rSmvm;/ [kwfw,f/ uRefawmft&ifoGm;r,f/ cifAsm;wdkYudk [dkuaeapmifhaer,f/ wpfckawmh cifAsm;wdkYudk ajymvdkufr,f/ uRefawmfwdkY&JU avmif;upm;yGJu tavsmftpm;awmh enf;enf;MuD;w,f/ toufudk avmif; aMu;xyf&rSm/ 'Dawmh touf&SifwJholu tEdkifyJ/ aemufjyD; uRefawmfwdkYtm;vkH; q&m0efawGqdkawmh b,f ol b,folrS epfemw,fvdkY ajymvdkYr&zl;/ touf&Sifvsuf awGYMu&if aomufMuzdkY t&ufykvif;udk cifAsm;wkdY om ,lvmcJhMuyg/ uRefawmfapmifhaer,f/ }} uRefawmf\ pum;tqkH;wGif a'gufwmEdkifOD;ESifh a'gufwmwifaxG;wdkY ESpfOD;pvkH; vkH;0jidrf oufoGm;awmhonf/ a'gufwmwifaxG;onf uRefawmfhtm; pdkufMunfhae&if;rS pum;pajymvdkufonf/ ]] udkausmfckdif uRefawmfwdkY rSm;oGm;ygw,fAsm/ cifAsm;roGm;ygeJY/ tJonf vrf;aMumif;u erdwfaumif;wmr[kwfzl;/ tck ouf0if;vnf; aojyD/ olom wrvGefb0uae cifAsm;tckvdkajymwmudk Mum;&if cGifhjyKrSmr[kwfzl;/ uRefawmfa&m? EdkifOD;yg rTefxTefjyD; cifAsm;wdkYudkajymrdwmygAsm/ pdwfr&SdygeJY/ }} uRefawmfonf uRefawmf\ a&Sh&Sd ajrMuD;ay:wGif &Sdaeaom ausmufcJwpfvkH;tm; aumuf ,lvkdufjyD; wpfzuf&Sd awmifeH&Htm; tm;ukefypfaygufvdkufonf/ ]] udkwifaxG;? cifAsm;u uRefawmf[m aygufwwfu& ajymwwfwJholvdkYxifaeovm;/ uRefawmfu ajym&ifajymwJhtwdkif;vkyfwJholAs/ cifAsm;wdkYajymwmvnf; rSefwmyJ/ cifAsm;wdkYeJY wom;wnf; uszdkYqdk&if cifAsm;wdkYeJY xyfwlvkyfzdkYyJ&Sdw,f/ udkouf0if; ajymcJhwmrSefw,f/ uRefawmfwdkY[m ajrMuD;ay:u ausmufcJawGyJ/ uRefawmfwdkY[m rmw,f/ cufxefw,f/ 'gayr,fh uRefawmfwdkY[m ½dk;om;w,f/ jzLpif w,f/ b,folYudkrS tEÅ&m,fray;zl;/ b,folYudkrS 'ku©ra&mufapzl;/ ]] wpfckawmh &Sdw,f/ uRefawmfwdkY[m b0rSm &ifqdkifzdkYvdktyfvm&if wkH;qdkwdkuf usm;qdk udkuf oabmrsdK;eJY a&Shudk c&D;qufMurSmyJjzpfw,f/ tck uRefawmfh twGuf 'Dc&D;[m vdktyfvmjyDvdkY,lq w,f/ 'Dawmh uRefawmfoGm;r,f/ ra&muf a&mufatmifudk oGm;r,f/ aemufjyD; cifAsm;wkdY owdrxm;rdwJh tcsufav;wpfck&Sdw,f/ vrf;c&D;qdkwm tEÅ&m,frsm;w,fqdkayr,fh oGm;wJholwkdif;awmh aowmr[kwfzl;As/ tEÅ&m,feJY awGYMuw,fqdk&ifawmif aowJhol[m udk,frjzpfaezdkY ta&;MuD;w,f/ 'g[m wpfudk,faumif; qefwm r[kwfzl;/ b0wpfck&JU aomhcsufudk umuG,fwmyJjzpfw,f/ ]] uRefawmfwdkY[m toufeJYudk,f wnf&Sdaeoa½GU t&mtm;vkH;udk &ifqdkifEdkifrSmyJjzpfw,f/ ausmfjzwfEdkifrSmyJ jzpfw,f/ uRefawmfwdkYrSm toufrJhoGm;&ifawmh bmudkrS &ifqdkifp&mrvdkawmhovdk bm udkrS ausmfjzwfEdkifrSm r[kwfawmhzl;/ }} uRefawmfonf tm;&yg;& ajymcsvdkuf&í ayghoGm;ovdk&Sdonf/ xdkYaemufwGif a'gufwmwif axG;\ ab;wGif 0ifxdkifvdkufonf/ a'gufwmwifaxG;onf uRefawmf\ yckH;tm; vSrf;zufvdkufonf/ wpf csdefwnf;rSmyif uRefawmf? a'gufwmwifaxG;ESifh a'gufwmEdkifOD;wkdYonf vlwpfOD;wpfa,mufwnf;jzpfoGm; oa,mifcHpm;rdawmhonf/ xdkodkYjzifh uRefawmf\ qlcGg;&fc&D;pOf pwifcJh&awmhonf/ vdktyfvsif a&qGmtxdoGm;&ef uRefawmf wdwfwqdwfqkH;jzwfcJhonf/ uRefawmfonf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf a&muf&SdcJhaom ae&mrsm;tm; vkH;tm; ra&mufta&mufoGm;&ef qkH;jzwfjcif;jzifh pdwfvufayghyg;cJh&awmhonf/ xdkc&D;pOfonf Oyrmrsm; raumif;ojzifh jyifqifrItawmfrsm;rsm;tm; tcsdefay;í vkyfcJh&onf/ xkdodkY jyifqifcsdefwGif uRefawmfhtm; roGm;&ef wm;jrpfol rsm;pGm &SdcJhonf/ toif,HkMunfEdkifygrnfvm;/ xdkwm;jrpfolrsm;xJwGif jynfe,frI; a'gufwm OD;rif;acgifonf xdyfqkH;rS yg0ifcJhonfaum/


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116 Ekref;u pum;qufvdkufonf/ ]] vlawGu olwdkYudk,fwkdifawGYMuHKwm r[kwfawmh ighudk udk,fcsif;rpmEdkifMuzl;/ olwdkYom igh vdkjzpfcJh&if bmvkyfMurSmvJ/ aoukefMurSmvm;/ iguvnf; igyJ/ t&ufaomufw,f/ um&mtdkauqdkifudk oGm;w,f/ igt&ufaomufawmh wpfckodvm&w,f/ vlawGu ighudkvdkcsifMuw,f/ b,f&rvJ/ igu igh t aMumif;eJYig/ olwdkY tvum;rwfwif;vdkcsifwmudk igb,fay;rvJ/ olwdkY tm;vkH;udk ig vG,fvG,fululyJ? ig a&SmifEdkifw,f/ 'gayr,fh--- }} onfae&mwGif Ekref;\ pum;rsm; &yfoGm;onf/ uRefawmfvnf; olYtm; a&Shqufajymcdkif; &ef tm;emaerdonf/ odkYESifh tawmfMumjidrfoufaeMuonf/ ygusJonf ,cktcsdeftxd tcef;wGif;odkY 0if a&mufrvmao;/ Ekref;onf tcef;rsufESmMuufodkY Munfh&if;ESifh oufjyif;&SnfMuD;wpfcsuftm; rIwfxkwf vdkufonf/ jyD;rS rjyD;ao;aom olr\ pum;prsm;tm; qufvdkufonf/ ]] 'gayr,fh ig cspfoufaZmfudkawmh ra&SmifEdkifcJhzl;/ ig tJonfaeYudk rSwfrdaeao;w,f/ igeJY igholi,fcsif;wdkY um&mtdkauqdkifudkoGm;Muw,f/ [kwfw,f/ [mrdkeDudk oGm;Muwm/ igwdkYu t&rf;rl;ae MujyD/ rdk;vnf; t&rf; csKyfaejyD/ igwdkYvnf; rjyef&JMuawmhhzl;/ tJonftcsdefrSm cspfoufaZmfwdkY oli,fcsif; wodkufvnf; [mrdkeDrSm um&mtdkauqdkjyD;xGufvmMujyD/ olwdkYvnf; t&rf;rl;aeMuw,f/ olYoli,fcsif;awG xJrSm ausmfoDvqdkwJh aumifvnf; ygw,f/ olwdkYrSm tmyef;qdkwJhaumifrav;wpfa,mufvnf; tazmfyg w,f/ igu cspfoufaZmfudk odw,fav/ igaeraumif;wkef;u cspfoufaZmfqDrSm jyxm;wm/ oluawmh igh udk b,frSwfrdrvJ/ igvnf; rl;aejyDqdkawmh bmrS rodawmhzl;/ cspfoufaZmfudk twif;qGJjyD; ac:oGm;rdawmh w,f/ cspfoufaZmfuvnf; vlrSef;olrSef;rodatmif rl;aejyDqdkawmh igwkdY qGJwJh aemufudk vdkufvm&awmh wmaygh/ olYoli,fcsif;awGvnf; bkrodbrod usef&pfcJhMuawmhw,f/ ]] cifAsm;udkajymjyr,f/ cspfoufaZmfu rrl;&if vlaumif;/ aq;ukwmjzpfjzpf? bmjzpfjzpf tm;vkH; awmfw,f/ rl;vm&ifawmhav/ qdk;ovm;rar;eJY/ olYudk rEdkifzl;/ 'gayr,fh rl;aevdkYom awmfawmh w,f/ wpfae&mta&mufrSm igeJY igholi,fcsif;udk twif;wGef;xkwfjyD; oljyefr,fvkyfwm/ 'gayr,fh olrjyef Edkifygzl;/ olu igwdkYxufawmif rl;aejyD Opöm/ &Dawmh &D&w,f/ igwdkY tJonfvdk awGYcJhMuwm/ cifAsm;wdkY ajrjyefYrSmvdkrsdK;awmh r[kwfzl;/ &Dawmh &D&w,f/ [D;---[D;---[D;---}} uRefawmf vdkufí r&Drdyg/ Ekref;uawmh olajymoGm;cJhaom pum;rsm;tm; tawmf oabm usaeykH ay:onf/ Ekref;uyif pum;qufvdkufonf/ ]] tJonfnu oli,fcsif;tdrfrSm igwdkY tdyfMuw,f/ 'gayr,fh cspfoufaZmf aomif;usef; aevdkY b,folrS rtdyf&zl;/ igvnf; oli,fcsif;udk tm;emwmeJY cspfoufaZmfudk ightdrfudk ac:vmcJhw,f/ cspfoufaZmfuvnf; vdkufvmw,f/ jyD;awmh igh tdrfrSm tdyfw,f/ reuf rdk;vif;awmh igolYudk vdkufydkYw,f/ vlawGujrifawmh ighudk 0dkif;ar;Muw,f/ q&m0ef bmjzpfwmvJvdkYaygh/ igu vG,fvG,fyJ/ nurl;vdkY qdkjyD; jyefajzwmaygh/ tJonfvdkrsdK; igwdkY pawGYcJhMuwm/ }} uRefawmfonf a'gufwmouf0if; psmyeaeYu taMumif;tm;owd&oGm;ojzifh ar;rdonf/ ]] [kd udkouf0if;udk tokbcswkef;u cifAsm;vdkufydkYw,faemf/ bmjzpfvdkYvJ/ udkouf0if;eJY odvdkYvm;/ }} Ekref;u uRefawmfhtm; ol&J obuf wpfaumiftvm; aMumuf½GHxdwfvefYpGmMunfhvdkuf\/ jyD;aemuf rD;zdktm; pdkufMunfh&if; uRefawmfhtm; jyefar;vdkufonf/ ]] cifAsm;u bmjzpfvdkY ar;wmvJ/ }} uRefawmfonf tajctae\ twdrfteuftm; em;rvnfaomfvnf; Ekref;tm; tcufr awGYapvdkonfh oabmrsdK;jzifh ajymvdkufonf/ ]] atmf? r[kwfygzl;/ ½kwfw&uf cifAsm;udk tJonfaeYu awGYvdkuf&awmh tHhtm;oifhoGm;vdkY yg/ bmrS taMumif;xl;r&Sdygzl;/ }} Ekref;onf uRefawmf\ tajztm; auseyfykH r&aomfvnf; rnfonfh trlt&mudkrS rjyyJ wpfOD;xnf; pOf;pm;cef;0ifaeonf/ jyD;rS tvGef aMumufvefYaeonfh taetxm;jzifh ajymvdkufonf/


117 ]] [kwfw,f/ ig tJonfaeYuvdkufydkYvdkufw,f/ tJonfaeYrwdkifcifnu ig tdrfrufruf w,f/ ig cspfoufaZmfudk rufwm/ cspfoufaZmfu igh udk tdrfrufxJrSm ajymw,f/ q&m0efwpfa,mufao w,fwJh/ tJonfq&m0ef tokbcs&if vdkufydkYyg/ qdkjyD; ighudk ajymw,f/ ig aMumufvdkufwmav/ ig roGm; yJvnf; rae&Jzl;/ tJ'gaMumifh tJonfaeYu ighudk cifAsm;awGYwm/ }} uRefawmfonf Ekref;tm; ai;Munfhaerdonf/ ol\ tdrfrufudk uRefawmfpdwf0ifpm;aerd\/ odkYaomfvnf; ,cktajctaexufydkí rar;oifh[kvnf; uRefawmf\ pdwfxJrS xifrdojzifh uRefawmfbmrS rajymjzpfyg/ xkdtcsdefwGif ygusJ 0ifvmonf/ ol\ vufxJwGif *pfwmwpfvkH;ygvmonf/ olonf ol\ *pf wmudk ayGYydkufvdkuf&if; uRefawmf\ teD;wGif xdkifcsvdkufonf/ xdkYaemufwGif olonf a'ocH oDcsif;rsm; tm; *pfwmwD;í qdkvsuf&Sd\/ uRefawmfonf ygusJ\ oDcsif;rsm;tm; tawmfav;em;axmiftjyD;wGif tm;vkH;udk Ekwfquf í jyefvmcJhawmhonf/ uRefawmfjyefvmaom tcsdefonf ncsrf;tcgjzpfojzifh arSmifrdkufvsuf&Sdonf/ vrf; rrsm;tay:wGif wpfydkif;wpfp xGef;vif;aeaom va&mifrS vGJí rnfonfh tvif;a&mifrsdK;rS r&Sd/ onf wpfcgwGif ygusJvnf; vdkufyg ydkYaqmifjcif;r&Sdawmh/ uRefawmfwpfOD;wnf;om jyefcJh&awmhonf/ uRefawmfonf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifhygwfouforQ tcsuftvuftawmfrsm;rsm;tm; &&SdcJhaomfvnf; ol ,ckwnf&Sdrnfh ae&m\ oJvGefptm; enf;enf;av;rS ajc&mcHí r&EdkifyJ &Sdaeonf/ odkYaomfvnf; Ekref;ajymjycJhaom tdrfrufonf wdkifqdkifrIwpfckyifjzpfrnfvm;/ odkYr[kwf tjcm;wpfckckrsm; jzpfaeEdkifvm; [laom tawG;rsdK;om uRefawmf\ acgif;xJwGif csmcsmvnfcJhonf/ uRefawmfjyefcJh&m vrf;wavsmufwGif a'ocH csif;vli,ftcsdKUudkvnf; awGYjrifcJh&onf/ ol wdkYonf csif;jynfe,f\ ncsrf;obm0twdkif; t&uftm; rdwfaqGzGJYjyD; jzpfaeMu\/ uRefawmfonf vm cJh&m vrf;twdkif;jyefcJhonf/ uRefawmfonf Ekref;ajymjycJhaom olr\ b0 wpfpdwfwa'otm; owd&aerd \/ uHw&m;\ jyif;xefvGef;vSaom xdk;ESufcsufrsm;Mum;wGif MuHhMuHhcHí b0udk &ifqdkifaeol Ekref;/ cspfvS pGmaom cspfolwdkYESifh aouGJ&SifuGJ uGJcJh&onfhwdkif ,aeYtxd cHEdkif&nf&Sdaeol Ekref;/ orD;ESpfa,muftwGuf vlwum\ ar;aighrIudk tefwkEdkifonfh Ekref;/ aemufjyD; uRefawmf&SmazGvsuf&Sdaom vufaxmufq&m0ef a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifh taeteD;qkH;jzpfcJhol Ekref;/ tqdk;qkH;rSm Ekref;rufcJhonfh vwfwavm tdrfrufyifjzpfonf/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfudk ol tdrfrufjcif;onf pdwfpGJvef;rIaMumifh jzpfEkdifaomfvnf; taMumif;t&mrsm;rSm wkdufqdkifvGef;vSonf/ uRefawmfonf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifh ygwfouforQtm; wpdkufrwfrwfavhvmcJh&m ,ckqdkvsif tawmf rsm;rsm;yif odcJh&jyDjzpfonf/ uRefawmfonf uRefawmfavhvmcJh&orQtm; pmtkyfwpftkyfwGif a&;om;í rSwfwrf;wifcJhonf/ avhvmcsufrsm;t& a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf oem;MuifemrIwdkYESifh jynfhpkHonfholwpf OD;jzpf&m olonf uHqkd;rav; Ekref;ESifhawGYonfh tcsdefwGif oem;MuifemrIESifh *&kPmrsm; ray:xGufyJ ae rnfr[kwfrSef;udk uRefawmfcHpm;&aerdonf/ Ekref;ESifh a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfwdkY pwif cifrif&if;ESD;oduRrf;cJh&ykHtm; odvmcJh&onfhtcg uRefawmfonf olwdkY ESpfOD;tay:wGif em;vnfrI ydkí&vmonf[kxifrdonf/ odkY&mwGif uRefawmfwifjyo uJhodkY a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf arSmfqefaom tawG;tac:rsm;tm; &if0,fydkufxm;olwpfOD;tjzpf owf rSwfcHxm;&aomaMumifh olawGYMuHKpOfu rnfuJhodkY awG;ac:oGm;rnfudk vkH;0rSef;qr&EdkifyJ &Sdaeonf/ uHMur®mw&m;\ tvSnfhtajymif;rsm;onf vGefpGmqef;Mu,fonf/ vGefpGm tHhMowkefvIyf zG,faumif;onf/ xifjrif,lqcsufrsm;ay;olwdkY t&SufwuGJ tusdK;enf;jzpfapavmufatmifyif rm,mrsm; vSonf/ uRefawmf\ uHMur®monf qlcGg;&fc&D;pOftwGuf rnfuJhodkY wnf&Sdrnfudk uRefawmfudk,fwdkifyif rrSef;q&Jao;/ wpfckudkawmh uRefawmf cHpm;&aerdonf/ uRefawmf\ qlcGg;&fc&D;pOfonf uRefawmfESifh a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfwdkY\ jyif;xefaom tm;prf;rIwpfckjzpfvmEdkifonf/ uHaumif;vsif uRefawmf tEdkif& rnf/ a'gufwmEdkifOD;o,faqmifvmaom t&ufudk aomuf&rnf/ uHqdk;vsif--- uHqdk;vsif--- uHrqdk;ygESifh/ uHrqdk;ygapESifh/ uRefawmfhtm; or®ma'0 ewfaumif;ewfjrwfrsm; apmifha&SmufawmfrlMuyg/ uRefawmfhtm; qkvmbfwpfcktjzpf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifh cPjzpfjzpfawGYqkHcGifhay;yg/


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127 aomufcsvdkufonf/ a'ocH rdef;uav; xGufoGm;jyD; rsm;rMumrDtcsdefwGif bkef;awmfMuD;onf uRefawmfh teD;odkY a&muf&Sdvmonf/ ]] b,fhES,fvJ wum? oufom&JUvm;/ }} uRefawmfu ]] oufomygw,f t&Sifbk&m;/ t&Sifbk&m;&JU aus;Zl;awmfaMumifhygyJ/ }} [k ajymvdkuf\/ bkef;awmfMuD;u ]] wum oufomvmwm owif;aumif;yJ/ wum oufomwmeJY [m;cg; udk csufjcif;jyefEdkifatmif bkef;MuD;pDpOfxm;ygw,f/ wu,fvdkY wumom wpfywftwGif; [m;cg;udk jyefr a&mufcJh&if wumhudk olwdkY &ufvnfqGrf;oGyfMuvdrfhr,f/ }} [kajymcsvdkuf\/ ]] Asm }} uRefawmfvGefpGm tHhtm;oifhoGm;onf/ uRefawmfonf bkef;awmfMuD;ajymaom pum;rsm;tm; em;rvnfEdkifatmif &Sdae\/ bkef;awmfMuD;u tenf;i,fjyHK;vdkufonf/ jyD;rS ]] wum pOf;pm;Munfhav/ um;arSmufwJholawGudk o,foGm;wJh tcsdefrSm wumh tavmif; [m aysmufaevdrfhr,f/ onfawmh olwdkY bmudk pOf;pm;rvJ/ wum aojyDvdkYyJ wGufMurSmaygh/ onfawmh olwdkY[m rvGwfvJvGwfvJ &ufvnf qGrf;awmhoGyfMurSmaygh/ bkef;MuD;awG;Munfhwmyg/ 'gayr,fh pdk;&drfp&m rvdkygzl;/ wumu oufomaejyDyJ/ rMumcif [m;cg;udk jyefa&mufrSmyg/ }} [kajymvdkufonf/ ]] t&Sifbk&m;? wynfhawmfudk ar;cGef;av;awG ar;cGifhjyKygbk&m;?? }} ]] ar;avwum/ bkef;MuD;ajzEdkifwmqdk ajzrSmaygh/}} ]] t&Sifbk&m;? yxrOD;qkH;uawmh wynfhawmf b,fvdkvkyfjyD; onfudk a&mufvmovJqdkwm udkaygh/ aemufwpfcsufuawmh t&Sifbk&m;[m bmjzpfvdkY tckvdk aq;0g;ukowJhae&mrSm awmfae&wmvJ/ aemufqkH;wpfcsufuawmh 'Dvdk c&pf,mefbmom xGef;um;wJh a'orsdK;rSm wynfhawmf[m Ak'¨bmom0ifwpf a,mufvdkY b,fvdkvkyfjyD; odwmvJbk&m;/ }} bkef;awmfMuD;onf wpfcsufjyHK;vdkuf&if; pum;qdkvdkufonf/ ]] wumu bkef;MuD;udk ppfaq; ar;jref;aewmudk;/ wumu q&m0efrvkyfyJ? ppfaq;a&;rI;vkyfzdkYyJ aumif;awmhw,f/ }} ]] Asm? t&Sifbk&m;u wynfhawmf q&m0efqdkwmudkyg odaew,f/ }} uRefawmf vGefpGm tHhtm;oifhpGm ar;vdkufawmh\/ bkef;awmfMuD;\ rsufESmwGif vGefpGm&ifhusufonfh wnfjidrfrIrsdK;jzifh pum;qdkvdkufawmhonf/ ]] wum odcsif&ifvnf; bkef;MuD;xdrfcsefxm;p&m taMumif;r&Sdygzl;/ wu,fawmh wum [m rxifrSwfavmufatmif uHaumif;wJholwpfOD;yg/ wumu um;arSmufwJhtcsdefrSm acsmufxJudk jyKwfus cJhw,f/ wum usoGm;wJh ae&mu teufqkH;yJ/ wu,fu wum usoGm;wJhae&m[m acsmif;xJudkyJ/ jzpfcsif awmh wum usoGm;wJh acsmif;ae&mua&[m tawmfav; eufw,f/ wumusoGm;wmudk bkef;MuD;wdkY ½Gmu a'ocHawG ig;zrf;aeMuwJh tcsdefqdkawmh jrifMuw,f/ olwdkYu wumhudk onfudk ac:vmwm/ ]] wum onfudk a&mufwJh tcsdefrSm wum[m tzsm;awG wufjyD; ua,mifuwrf;eJY avsmufatmfaew,f/ wpfcsdefwnf;rSmyJ bkef;MuD;odvdkufw,f/ wum[m iSufzsm;yg yl;wGJvufaqmiftaeeJY &aejyDvdkYayghav/ 'gayr,fh uHaumif;ygw,f/ bkef;MuD;rSm &SdwJh aq;eJYyJ wum[m oufomvmcJhw,f/ bkef;MuD; aq;ukwmuawmh bkef;MuD;&JU tvkyfyJ/ 'gudkawmh wum rodcsifygeJY/ ar;vnf; rar;ygeJY/ ]] bkef;MuD; wumhudk ukwJh wpfcsdefvkH;rSm wum[m tawmfqkH;vlemwpfa,mufjzpfaew,f/ bkef;MuD; wumhESvkH;udk em;axmifzdkY em;Muyfudk wifvdkufawmh wumu owdomvpfaewm/ wumoifMum; wwfajrmufxm;wJh twwfynmawGu jidrfoufraezl;/ wumu bkef;MuD;&JU em;Muyfudk qGJjyD; wumh&JU ESvkH;xdyfudk xm;vdkufw,f/ wumonfvdk vkyfwm[m rawmfwqr[kwfzl;/ oifMum;avhvmxm;wJh ynm &JU tydkif;tpawGyJ/ onfvdkrsdK;odem;vnfwm[m wumu udk,fhudk,fudk q&m0efwpfa,mufvdkY rajym&kHw r,fyJ &Sdw,f/ aemufjyD; wumu a'ocH r[kwfzl;av/ onfawmh wum[m b,fenf;eJYrS c&pf,mefrjzpf Edkifzl;qdkwm bkef;MuD;twwfodwmaygh/ 'gawG[m qef;Mu,fwm r[kkwfygzl;/ aemufjyD; wumhrSm c&pf,mef bmomudk udk,fpm;jyKwJh taqmifta,mifwpfckwpfavrSvnf; r&Sdzl;/ q&m0efvnf;jzpf? bmoma&;qdkif&m


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136 ]] tckqdk&if wum[m b,folwpfOD;wpfa,mufurS rapvTwf&ygyJeJY onfvdkae&mrsdK;udk oufpGefYqHzsm; c&D;xGufcJhw,f/ onfvdkrsdK; rdrd&ifeJY&if;jyD; em;vnfxm;wJh todw&m;aMumifh wumhrSm b,fvdk tcuftcJrsdK;udkyJ &ifqdkif&ygap? aemifwqdkwm&SdvmrSm r[kwfygzl;/ bkef;MuD;qdk&ifvnf; bkef;MuD; &JU qE¨eJY bkef;MuD; onfvdk omoemjyKwm0efudk xrf;aqmifcJhwJhae&mrSm b,fvdktcuftcJrsdK;udkrS *&kpdkuf rSm r[kwfygzl;/ 'gayr,fh a'gufwmouf0if;wdkY[m rdrdwdkYudk,fwkdif twdrfteuf rodEdkifwJh wm0efudk xrf; aqmifMu&w,f/ onfvdkxrf;aqmif&wJh twGuf olwdkY[m olwdkYudk,fwdkifxrf;aqmifae&wJh wm0ef&JUMuD;jrifh rIudk Za0Z0gjzpfMu&w,f/ onfwm0efudk igwkdYxrf;aqmifvdkY bmrsm;xl;vmEdkifrSmvJqdkovdkrsdK; ,kHMunfrI uif;rJhMu&w,f/ ]] wu,fu olwdkYudk todtrSwfjyK&r,f/ olwdkYudk av;pm;&r,f/ aemufjyD;olwdkYrSm udk,fykdif ,kHMunfcsufawG arG;zGm;vmEdkifatmif ulnD&r,f/ 'grS wm0efwpfck&JU oP²mef[m yDjyifvmr,f/ ]] aemufjyD; a'gufwmouf0if;aoqkH;&wmuawmh bk&m;&SifwdkYudk,fwdkifawmif a&SmifvGJvdkY r&EdkifwJh obm0w&m;MuD;wpfckomjzpfw,fwum/ aojcif;w&m;[m t&G,fokH;yg;ra&G;ac:aqmifoGm;Ekdif w,f/ onfawmh a'gufwmouf0if;aoqkH;wmudk a'gufwmouf0if;xrf;aqmifwJh wm0efeJY a&maxG;pOf; pm;vdkYr&zl;wum/ wpfckawmhajymEdkifw,f/ a'gufwmouf0if;[m wm0efudkxrf;aqmif&if;uG,fvGef&wm jzpfvdkY ol&Jaumif;pm&if;awmh oGif;oifhw,f/ wu,fvdkYom olY&JUESvkH;om;eJY em;vnfjyD; olY&JU wm0eftay: ,kHMunfrIom jynfh0cJhr,fqdk&if olaoqkH;&wm[m jrifhjrwfaom aojcif;w&m;jzpfw,fwum/ }} bkef;awmfMuD;onf uRefawmfem;rvnfEdkifaom &pfvDAifudpö\ twdrfteufudk tus,fw 0ifh&Sif;jytjyD;wGif ta0;&Sd csif;awmifwef;rsm;tm; ai;armaecJh\/ uRefawmfonf bkef;awmfMuD;\ pum; rsm;udk Mum;onfhtcgwGif vufbuf&nfqdkifü q&mMuD;OD;rif;acgifESifh q&mMuD;OD;a&TxufwdkY tacstwif ajymcJhMuaom pum;rsm;udk jyefvnfowd&rd\/ bkef;awmfMuD;onf uRefawmfxifxm;onfxufydkí t&m cyfodrf;tm; em;vnfEdkifpGrf;&SdykHudkvnf; tHhtm;oifhrdonf/ onfwpfcgwGifrl bkef;awmfMuD;onf uRefawmf rar;&ygyJESifh pum;qufvdkufonf/ ]] wum 'gawG[m wm0efeJY cH,lcsuf wpfxyfwnf; rusoa&GY awGYMuHKae&r,fh jyóem awGyJ wum/ tckqdk&if wumhudk ork'´,opömaMumifh 'ku©opömjzpf&ykHawGudk bkef;MuD; &Sif;jyjyD;jyD/ wumhudk bkef;MuD;wpfckar;csifw,f/ wumhtaeeJY 'ku©opömudk a&SmifvTJcsifvm;/ }} bkef;awmfMuD;\ ar;cGef;rSm wJhxdk;EdkifvGef;\/ uRefawmfcsufjcif; tajzray;Edkifao;/ tawmfav;MumrS pum;wpfcGef;udkajymrdonf/ ]] t&Sifbk&m;? wynfhawmfwdkYrSm tJonf'ku©opömudk a&Smif vTJvdkY&Edkifr,fh enf;vrf;awG &Sdao;vdkYvm; bk&m;/}} bkef;awmfMuD;u uRefawmfhrsufESmtm; MuifempGm vSrf;Munfhvdkuf\/ ]] wum tckawGYMuHK& wJh &pfvDAifudpöqdkwm avmuDa&;&mrSm armfvDMuL;av;avmufao;i,fwJh jyóemav;yJ&Sdao;w,f/ w u,fwrf; avmuMuD;rSm aexkdifvmjyDqdk&if a&wGufvdkYr&EdkifwJh jyóemawG[m 'keJYa';yJ/ wpfckrjyD;aozl;? aemufwpfck0ifvmr,f/ 'g[m obm0yJ/ 'gawGudk 'ku©opömvdkY ac:w,fwum/ onf 'ku©opömudk a&Smif vTJvdkY &Edkifw,f/ }} bkef;awmfMuD;onf jyefvnfwdwfqdwfoGm;awmh\/ uRefawmfvnf; tenf;i,fpdwf0ifpm; vmjyD jzpfojzifh bkef;awmfMuD;tm; ]] qufvuf a[mMum;yg bk&m;/}} [kavsmufwifrdavonf/ bkef;awmfMuD;u qufvufa[mMum;\/ ]] wum--- &Sifawmfa*gwr a[mMum;cJhwJh opöm av;yg; w&m;awmfrSm bkef;MuD;tckajymcJhwJh ork'´,opömeJY 'ku©opömwdkYtjyif r*¾opömeJY edaj*m"opömwdkY vnf; ygao;w,f/ r*¾opömqdkwJh aumif;aom tusifhudk MuifhMuHtm;xkwf&if edaj*m"opömqdkwJh yuwd csrf;omrIudk &&Sdr,f/ edaj*m"opömudk &&Sd&if ork'´,opömjidrf;w,f/ ork'´,opöm jidrf;&if olYudk rSDjyD;jzpf vmwJh 'ku©opömvnf; jidrf;jyDwum/ }} uRefawmfonf bkef;awmfMuD;\ pum;udkMum;vdkuf&aom tcsdefwGif MuufoD;jzef;jzef;xrd awmh\/ uRefawmfonf wpfckckudk &kwfcsnf; em;vnfvdkufovdkyif cHpm;rdawmh\/ xdkYaMumifh uRefawmfonf raeEdkifawmhyJ bkef;awmfMuD;tm; pum;wpfcGef;udk ar;vdkufrdavawmh\/


137 ]] t&Sifbk&m;? t&Sifbk&m;ajymykHt&qdk&if r*¾opöm[m tc&myJayghbk&mh/ onfvdkqdk&if r*¾opöm[m b,fvdkrsdK;rsm;vJqdkwm &Sif;jyygOD;bk&m;/}} bkef;awmfMuD;u wnfjidrfpGmyif pum;qufvdkuf\/ ]] wum--- r*¾opömqdkwJh aumif;aom tusifhqdkwm bk&m;&SifwdkY&JU 0&ZdefvufeufwpfckjzpfwJh tmemyge ur®Xmef;a'oemawmfyJ wum/}} bkef;awmfMuD;onf tESpfcsKyftajzwpfcktm; ajzvdkufjcif;omjzpf\/ bkef;awmfMuD;\ tajz onf uRefawmfhtwGuf eD;vsufESifha0; jzpfaejcif;aMumifh ]] tus,fw0ifh &Sif;jyygOD;bk&m;}} [k awmif;yef& avonf/ ]] a*gwrbk&m;&Sif[m opömav;yg;w&m;awmfudk tus,fw0ifh a[mMum;awmfrlcJhw,fw um/ tJonf opömav;yg;w&m;awmf[m tawmfav;us,fjyefYjyD; em;vnf&vG,fw,fvdkY xifEdkifp&m &Sday r,fh wu,fwrf;rSmawmh rxifrSwfEdkifavmufwJh euf½Idif;rIawGyg0ifaew,f wum/ a[monf avmuMuD; rSm aexdkifaeMu&wJh wavsmufvkH;rSm avmuDvlom;awG[m avmb? a'go? eJY arm[w&m;awGeJYyJ vkH;axG; &pfywfaecJhMu&w,f/ onfvdkrsdK;jzpfwnfvmcJh&wmawGwm[mvnf; ork',opömvdkYac:wJh wyf rufpGJvrf;rI wPSm&m*aMumifhyJ jzpfw,f/ ]] onfvdk ork',opömaMumifhjzpfay:vmwJh 'ku©opömudk jidrf;csrf;apcsifw,fqdk&if bk&m; &SifawmfwdkY&JU usifhMuHtm;xkwf&m c&D;jzpfwJh r*¾opömudk usifhMuHtm;xkwfrSyJ &r,fwum/ wum a[monf vlYabmifrSm MudK;pm;tm;xkwfvdkY tMuD;tuJwpfa,mufjzpfvmjyD; wumhudkwum auseyfEdkifr,fxifayr,fh r*¾opömudk rusifhMuHtm;xkwfoa½GumvywfvkH; 'ku©opömuae b,fawmhrS vGwfajrmufEdkifrSm r[kwfzl;w um/ wum MudK;pm;tm;xkwfvdkY&vmw,fqdkwJh avmupnf;pdrfawG[m b,ftwdkif;wmtxd wnfjrJrSmvJ/ wu,fvdkY wum&JU ukodkvfuH aumif;vGef;w,fqdkcJh&ifawmif wumaoqkH;oGm;cJh&if wum&SmazGxm;wJh avmu pnf;pdrfawG b,favmufrsm;rsm; cHpm;EdkifcGifh r&Sdawmhzl;/ ]] onfawmh xm0&wnfjrJwJh opömw&m;? xm0& csrf;omr,fh opömw&m;wpfckudk &SmazG oifh vmjyDaygh/ r[kwfzl;vm;/ bkef;MuD;wdkY jrefrmvlrsdK;awG[m tJonfbufrSm uHtawmfav;udk aumif; w,f/ bk&m;&Sif a*gwr&JU tqkH;trudk cH,lcGifh &SdMuw,f/ 'gayr,fh wpfcgwpfav eD;vsufeJY a0;jzpfaeMu &wm pdwfraumif;p&myJ/ ]] wpfcgwkef;u c&pf,mefbmom0ifwpfOD; a0zefcJhwJh pum;wpfcGef;udk bkef;MuD;owd&rd w,f/ olajymwm[m tawmfav; tajccHusjyD; tawmfav;rSefw,f/ olu Ak'¨bmom[m usifhMuHrIudk tm; xm;wJh bmomwpfckjzpfjyD; c&pf,mefbmom[m ,kHMunfrIudk tajccHwJh bmomjzpfw,fvdkYqdkw,f/ olajym wm[m rSefuefw,fqdkayr,fh rjynfhpkHzl;/ bmjzpfvdkYvJqdkawmh Ak'¨bmom[m olajymovdkrsdK; usifhMuHtm; xkwfrIudk tm;xm;w,fqdkayr,fh usifhMuHtm;xkwfrIqdkwmwpfckwnf;eJY &yfwnfaewmawmh r[kwfzl;/ Ak'¨bmomrSm o'¨gw&m;vdkYac:wJh ,kHMunfrIwpfrsdK;&Sdw,f/ tJonf o'¨gw&m;[m ,kHMunfrIqdkayr,fh avm uDvlom;awG ykHrSef,kHMunfw,fqdkwmxuf trsm;MuD;udk av;eufw,f/ o'¨gw&m;[m tonf;xJ&ifxJuae tlvIdufonf;vIduf ,kHMunfrIrsdK;xufudk trsm;MuD; tqifhykdjrifhw,f/ rdrd&JU tZÑwåeJYwxyfwnf;usvmwJht xd rdrd&JU rodpdwfua&m? odpdwfua&m oHo,uif;uif; &Sif;&Sif;eJY vufcHvmwJh ,kHMunfrIrsdK;udkrS o'¨gw&m; vdkY owfrSwfEdkifrSm jzpfw,f/ tJonf o'¨gw&m;[m Ak'¨bmom&JU tajccHtusqkH; rsdK;aphvnf; jzpfw,f/ cufwmu tJonf o'¨gw&m;udk usifhMuHtm;xkwfrI rygyJ? em;axmif½kHoufoufeJY r&&SdEkdifjyefzl;/ onfawmh usifhMuHtm;xkwfrI[m Ak'¨bmom&JU tav;eufqkH; tcef;u@jzpfvm&w,f/ ]] usifhMuHtm;xkwfrI&JU ta&;ygykHudk bk&m;&Sifu ykH0w¬KwpfckeJY qkH;rcJhw,f/ tJonf ykH0w¬K u onfvdkqdkw,f/ a&S;a&S;tcgu ykHPÖm;wpfa,muf[m om;ig;&SmzdkY awmtkyfwpfckxJudk 0ifvmcJhw,f/ wpfae&mta&mufrSm ykHPÖm;[m usif;eufMuD;wpfckxJukd jyKwfusoGm;w,f/ jyefwufvdkY r&awmhzl;/ onf awmhrS u,fyg? ,lyg wpfpgpgeJY atmfae&&Smw,f/ tJ'gudk bk&m;avmif; arsmufrif;uawGYawmh tJonf ykHPÖm;udk u,fzdkY tMuHjzpfw,f/ tJonfvdkeJY bk&m;avmif;arsmufrif;u ykHPÖm;udk rif;udkigu,fr,fqdkjyD; u,fwifzkdY pOf;pm;w,f/ aemufqkH;rSm ol[m enf;vrf;wpfckudk &SmazGawGY&SdoGm;w,f/ tJonf enf;vrf;u bmvJqdkawmh bk&m;avmif; arsmufrif;[m ykHPÖm;usaewJh usif;xJudk qif;oGm;jyD; usif;xJuae tay:udk


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141 uRefawmfonf em;Muyfav;tm; taotcsm avhvmaerdonf/ em;Muyfav;\ vlemtm; prf;oyfonfh tjym;av;rSm abmifrsm;yJhaeojzifh wdyfwcsdKUESifh zmax;xm;onfudk awGY&\/ em;Muyf\ oufwrf;udk cefYrSef;jcif;tm;jzifh onfem;Muyfav;onf vlemtawmfrsm;rsm;\ toufudk umuG,fcJhrSef; uRefawmfowdxm;rdonf/ em;Muyf\ ydkufwpfae&mwGif wdyftjzLav;tm; uyfxm;onfudkvnf; awGYvdkuf&jyefonf/ xdkYtjyif uyfxm;aom wdyftjzLonf tcsdefumv\ wdkufpm;rIaMumifh trnf;a&miftoGiftm; wjznf;jznf;ajymif;vJ vsuf&Sdonf/ ydkí xl;qef;onfrSm xdkwdyfay:wGif rifjyma&mif abmyifjzifh rIef0g;0g; a&;xm;aom t*FvdyfpmvkH; okH;vkH;yifjzpfonf/ xdkpmvkH;okH;vkH;rSm pDwDZuf jzpf\/ uRefawmf\ rsufvkH;rsm;a00g;vmonf/ uRefawmf\ rsuf0ef;tdrfrS rsuf&nfrsm;tvdkvdk pD; qif;vmonf/ uRefawmf\ pdwfvIyf&Sm;rIrsm; rdkifukefjzpfvmaomaMumifh em;Muyfudk udkifxm;aom uRefawmf \ vufrsm; wkefcgvsuf&Sdonf/ aocsmjyD/ uRefawmf &SmawGYjyD/ olYudk uRefawmf&SmawGYjyD/ pDwDZuf qdkonf rSm cspfoufaZmfrS vGJí wjcm;rjzpfEdkif/ onfem;Muyfonf bkef;awmfMuD;\ em;Muyf/ odkYqdkvsif bkef;awmf MuD;onf --- / bkef;awmfMuD;\ rsufESm/ arx&GefMuD;\ tcef;wGif;wGif uRefawmfMunfhcJh&aom? uRefawmfh pdwfudk jyif;jypGm vIyf&Sm;apcJhaom a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf\ rsufESm/ uRefawmf vSnfhMunfhvdkufaom tcsdefwGif bkef;awmfMuD;onf uRefawmf\ aemufü &yfvsuf uRefawmfhtm; wnfjidrfat;csrf;pGmyif Munfhaeonf/ bkef;awmfMuD;u ]] wum? aerjrifhcif oGm;zdkY tcsdefawmfjyD/ olwdkYvnf; wumhudk apmifhaeMuw,f/ }} [k ajymvdkufonf/ uRefawmfonf bkef;awmfMuD;\ ajctpkHtm; ayGYzufí idkcsvdkufawmhonf/ aerif;wdkY\ a&mifjcnfrsm; wjznf;jznf;oufqif;vmMu\/ cspfjcif;wdkY toifhudk tEdkif,l oGm;Mu\/ a&a&&m&mr&Sdaom tem*wfrsm;pGmudk ydkifqdkifEdkifrI b,favmuf&SdygjyDvJ/ vGwfajrmufjcif;uif; aom ae&mwpfckudk toifoGm;EkdifygjyDvm;/ rodyg/ bmqdkbmrS rodyg/ odvnf; rodcsifawmhyg/ udpöt0 0onf xifrSwfxm;onfxuf aqmvsifpGm jyD;qkH;cJhyguvm;/ pmar;yGJtwGif; armyef;cJhorQtm; pmar;yGJ jyD;csdefü jyefvnfwrf;wrdouJhodkY t&m&mudk uRefawmf wrf;waerdyguvm;/ bkef;awmfMuD;onf uRefawmf\ OD;acgif;tm; jznf;n§if;pGmoyfvdkufonf/ jyD;rS ]] wum? oGm;zdkY tcsdefawmfjyD/ olwdkY apmifhaeMuw,f/ }} [k ajymvdkufonf/ uRefawmfonf bkef;awmfMuD;tm; ]] t&Sifbk&m;? wynfhawmfeJY ajrjyefYudk jyefvdkufcJhyg/ t&Sifbk&m;udk q&mMuD;eJY rdbawG pdwfylyleJY apmifhaeMuw,f/ }} [k ajymvdkufrdonf/ bkef;awmfMuD;\ rsufESmrSm jywfom;rI&Sdaeonf/ bkef;awmfMuD;u ]] wum? bkef;MuD; onfvdk b0udk ykdifqdkifxm;jyD;rSawmh b,fvdk ork'´,rsdK;udkrS rvdkcsifawmhzl;/ q&mMuD;eJY bkef;MuD;&JU rdb awGudk ajymvdkufyg/ bkef;MuD;twGuf pdwfrylMuyJ? rdrdwdkY&JU oHo&mudkom pdwfylMuygvdkY/ aemufjyD; bkef;MuD; u bkef;MuD;&JU oHo&mtwGuf tawmfav;jyifqifjyD;aejyD/ bkef;MuD;twGufudk bmrS pdwfrylMuygeJYvdkY wum ajymjyay;yg/ }} [k wnfjidrfat;csrf;pGm ajymvdkufonf/ uRefawmfonf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifh awGYvsif ar;p&mtrsm;MuD;udk ar;rnf[k MuHxm; rdaomfvnf; wu,fwrf;awGY&onfh tcgwGif ar;p&m? ajymp&m pum;rsm;udk wpfcGef;rS &Sm rawGYEdkifatmif &Sdaeawmhonf/ odkYaomfvnf; uRefawmf wpfckawmh awmif;yefvdkufonf/ ]] t&Sifbk&m; onfvdkqdk&if wynfhawmfudk onfrSm &uf enf;enf;avmufxyfaecGifh ay;ygbk&m;/ }} bkef;awmfMuD;onf jywfom;pGmyif rdefYqdkvdkufonf/ ]] wum? jyef&r,fh udpöudk tcsdefrqGJyg eJY/ bkef;MuD;rSmvnf; vkyfp&mtvkyfawG trsm;MuD;&Sdao;w,f/ a'ocHawGudkvnf; tm;emzdkYaumif;w,f/ olwdkY[m &dk;om;Muw,f/ ulnDcsifMuw,f/ 'gawGudk tcGifhta&;r,loifhzl;/ bkef;MuD;awmifrS wcsdefu olwdkY&JU apwemudk apmfum;ovdkrsdK;jzpfcJhzl;w,f/ bkef;MuD;tcktxd aemifw&w,f/ ]] wum? bkef;MuD;[m w&m;"r®rSm aysmfarGYaejyD/ xm0&wnfNrJwwfwJh avmukwå&mpnf; pdrfudkvnf; bkef;MuD; ydkifqdkifxm;jyD;jyD/ bkef;MuD;bmrS rvdkawmhzl;/ wumhudkawmh wpfckrSmcsifw,f/ bkef;MuD; wdkY Ak'¨bmom0ifawG[m usifhMuHtm;xkwfzdkYudk owdvGwfaeavh&Sdw,f/


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146 rxifrSwfxm;wJh 'ku©awG[m 'keJYa';0ifvmMuw,f/ tJonfvdk tcsdefrsdK;rSm olwkdYbufu em;vnfrIay;Ekdif wJhol wpfOD;wpfavrS r&SdcJhzl;qdk&if olwkdY[m txD;usefqefvmMuw,f/ tJonftcsdefrSm vufaxmufq&m 0efawG&JU cg;oD;wJhb0qdkwm[m jzpfay:vm&w,f/ ydkqdk;wmu vdr®myg;eyfrI r&SdwJh? vufatmufi,fom; udk udkifwG,f&mrSm ruRrf;usifwJh? txufvlMuD;awGeJY awGY&jyefawmh ykdjyD;pdwftm;i,fvm&w,f/ tJonfvdk rsdK;olwdkYjzpfvmMu&wm[m tjypfvm;/ olwdkY tJonfavmufawmifrS cHEdkif&nfr&Sdzl;vm;/ olwdkY tJonf avmufawmifyJ tonf;i,f&ovm;/ b,fol ar;&JovJ/ ar;prf;yg/ ]] wu,fu olwpfyg;udk tjypfwifzkdYqkdwm tawmfav;vG,fayr,fh udk,fudk,fwkdifapmifh xdef;zdkYqdkwm tcuffqkH;yJ/ onfawmh bmjzpfvdkY olwpfyg;udk tjypfwifaervJ/ olwpfyg;udk ESdrfaervJ/ em; vnfay;EdkifrIqdkwmudk bmjzpfvdkY &if0,frydkufyJ ae&rvJ/ cufwmu udk,fwdkifrawGYMuHKzl;wJholawGu cyfyg; yg;av;yJvdkYxifaeMuw,f/ wu,fwrf; cHpm;&wJhtcgrSmawmh rxifrSwfavmufwJh t&Sdeft[kefjyif;xefrI awG &Sdaew,f/ ]] aemufwpfcku a'ocHawG[m uRefawmfwdkYajrjyefYom;awGtay:rSm tawmfav; tEGHwm cHEdkifMuw,f/ tepfemcHEkdifMuw,f/ olwdkY[m cifAsm;rdbawmif vkyfay;rSm r[kwfwJh wcsdKUatmufajcodrf; tvkyfuav;awGudkawmif pdwfygvufygeJY wufwuf<u<uvkyfay;Muw,f/ ]] udk,fudk,fwkdif pdwfysuftm;i,faewJhtcsdefrSm udk,fhudk em;vnfay;r,fhvl a0;vdkY udk,fhudk aqmfr,fholawGyJ 0dkif;0dkif;vnfaewJh olwpfOD;twGuf tvdktyfqkH;[mbmvJ/ cifAsm;wdkY pOf;pm;Munfhprf;yg/ olYtwGuf tvkdtyfqkH;[m tm;ay;ESpfodrfhrIwpfckyJ/ [kwfw,f/ 'g[m ta&;MuD;qkH;yJ/ ]] uRefawmfwpfckawmh ajymEkdifw,f/ udkcspfoufaZmfwdkY vufaxmufq&m0efawGudk rdb vdkjzpfaewJh txufvlMuD;awGuom ESdyfuGyfaeMuwm/ wu,fwrf; udkcspfoufaZmfwkdY vufaxmufq&m0ef awGudk em;vnfrIay;jyD; tm;ay;aeMuwJholawGu a'ocHawGjzpfaeMuw,f/ cifAsm;bmajymrvJ/ rqef;zl; vm;/ a'ocHawG&JU em;vnfay;EdkifrI[m uRefawmfwdkY txufvlMuD;awGxuf omaewmudkjyaejyDav/ ]] onfawmh a'ocHawGudk udkcspfoufaZmfwdkY oHa,mpOfjzpfMuawmhwmaygh/ 'g rqef;zl;/ 'gawGudk ukd,fwkdifrawGYMuHK;zl;wJhol rSeforQ em;vnfay;EdkifrSm r[kwfzl;/ olwdkY&JUcspfcifrI[m av;euf&if av;eufovdkrsdK; cHpm;Mu&w,f/ cufw,fAsm/ vlawGrSm onfavmufudk em;vnfay;EdkifwJh ESvkH;om;awG r&SdEdkif awmhzl;xifyg&JU/ zl;---}} udk ausmfoDvonf oufjyif;wpfcsufudkcsvdkufonf/ jyD;rS ol\a&S&Sd bD,mcGufxJrS bD,m rsm;udk armhcsvdkufonf/ uRefawmfonf olYtm; ai;Munfhaerdonf/ olajymoGm;onfrsm;tm; uRefawmfwpf csufcsif; axmufcHaerdonf/ uRefawmfonf udkausmfoDvtm; aemufqkH;ar;cGef;wpfckudk ar;vdkufrdawmh\/ ]] udkausmfoDv? cifAsm;&JUtjrifav;udk odcsifvdkYyg/ udkcspfoufaZmf bkef;MuD;0wfoGm;wmeJY ywfoufjyD; cifAsm; bmxifjrifcsufrsm;ay;csifao;ovJ/ }} udkausmfoDvonf vGefpGm pdwf½IyfaxG;oGm;onfh tvm; ol\vufxJrS pD;u&uftm; zGm½dIuf vdkufonf/ jyD;aemuf uRefawmfhbufodkYvSnfhjyD;ajymvdkufonf/ ]] tJonfudpöu uRefawmfxifjrifcsufay;zdkY tawmfav;cufw,fAs/ bmjzpfvdkYvnf; qdkawmh tcsdef&JUpGufzufrIwpfck&Sdaew,f/ aemufjyD; uRefawmfwdkY vufvSrf;rrSDwJh avmuDe,fy,fukd ausmf vGefaew,f/ onfawmh uRefawmfbmrS rajymwmuyJ aumif;OD;rvdkvdkjzpfaew,f/ ]] aemufjyD; 'grsdK;qdkwm yg&rD&SdzkdYvnf; vdkao;w,fAs/ udkcspfoufaZmfrSm avmukwå&mvrf; udk wufvSrf;EdkifzdkY yg&rD &ifhoefcJhykHay:w,fAs/ }} udkausmfoDvonf ol\ pum;tqkH;wGif tayghoGm;&ef[kqdkum qdkifaemufbufodkY acwårQ xGufoGm;avawmhonf/ uRefawmfonfvnf; rnfonfhpum;udkrQ rajymEkdifyJ qdkiftjyifbufodkYomai;arm aerdonf/ xdktcsdefwGif rsm;rMumrDtcsdefwGif;wGif &efukefavqdyfodkY qdkufa&mufawmhrnfjzpfaMumif; av,mOfr,f\ aMunmoHxGufay:vmonf/ uRefawmfonf zGifhxm;aom uRefawmf\ rSwfwrf;pmtkyftm; ydwfvdkufjyD; em&DudkMunfhvdkufonf/ atmf q,fem&Dawmifxdk;aeyga&mvm;/


147 ed * k H ;

a'guf w mausmf c d k i f o nf o l u d k , f w d k i f a &;om;cJ h a om0w¬ K qef q ef c&D ; oG m ;rS w f w rf ; tm; udkifaqmifvsuf q&mMuD;OD;atmifat;&Sd&m tcef;wGif;odkY 0ifvmcJhonf/ oludk,fwdkifjrifawGUcHpm;od&SdcJh&aom taMumif;t&mrsm;tay:wGifvnf; 'Gd[pdwfrsm;yGm;jcif;t&Sif;r&Sdawmh/ol\em;xJwGifa'gufwmcspfoufaZmf ajymjyoGm;cJJhaom pum;rsm;udkom Budrfzefrsm;pGmMum;a,mifaecJhonf/ xdkodkYMum;a,mifae&if;ESifhyif a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf ol\teD;tem;wGif vdkufygaeouJhodkYvnf; cHpm;aecJh&\/ q&mMuD;OD;atmifat;onf olYtm;vuf[efajc[efjzifh xdkif&eftcsufjyvdkufonf/ olonf q&mBuD;\a&Sh&Sd ukvm;xdkifwGif 0ifxdkifvdkuf&if; q&mBuD;tm;pdkufMunfhaerd\/ pum;wpfcGef;rSawmhr[jzpf? q&mMuD;vnf;olYtm;pum;wpfcGef;rS r[jzpf/ odkYESifh olwdkYonf tcsdeftawmfMumonftxd wpfOD;udkwpfOD; ai;armaerdcJhMuonf/ cPtMumrS a'gufwmausmfcdkifonf ol\vufxJrS pm½Gufrsm;tm; q&mBuD;xHodkYvSrf;ay; vdkufonf/ q&mMuD;u olurf;ay;vkdufaom pm½Gufrsm;tm; vSrf;,lvdkufjyD; ]] rif;ab;roD &efrcyJjyefvm EdkifwmudkyJ auseyfvSygjyDuGm/}} [kvSrf;ajymvkdufonf/ ]] cifAsm? }} q&mMuD;ajymvkdufaom pum;rsm;tm;Mum;vkduf&csdefwGif a'gufwmausmfcdkif wpfa,muf tHhtm;oifhoGm;awmh\/ wu,fqdkvsif q&mBuD;xHrS tckvdkpum;rsdK;Mum;&vdrfhrnf[k olvkH;0 rarQmfvifhcJh/ q&mMuD;onf wynfhrsm;tm;oHa,mpOfMuD;onfhtm;avsmfpGm olcspfcif&aomwynfhwpf a,muftwGuf cspfcif&aom wynfhaemufwpfa,muf xyfrHrqkH;½IH;vdkaom apwem½SdcJhavonf/ q&mMuD;onf a'gufwmausmfcdkifvSrf;ay;vkdufaom pm½Gufrsm;tm;pm;yGJay:odkYwifvdkuf&if; rS ]] cspfoufaZmfuawmh olUuHtaMumif;w&m;eJYolayghuGm/ trSeftwdkif;ajym&&ifawmh q&m0efwpfa,muf avQmufvSrf;&wJhc&D; qdkwmoufawmifhoufom&SdvSwmawmhr[kwfzl;/ tMurf;t&rf;tvGrf; Zmwfvrf;pkH w,f/ olYtqifheJYol oufvkHaumif;aumif;eJY ausmfjzwfEdkifrS aemufqkH;atmifjrifwJhq&m0efjzpfvmwm/ 'g awmif cdkifrmwJhtajctaevdkY ajymvdkYr&ao;jyefzl;/ oufvkHqdkwJhae&mrSmvnf; pdwf"gwfydkfif;qdkif&moufvkH eJY usef;rma&;ydkif;qdkif&m oufvkHqdkjyD;awmh ESpfrsdK;&Sdjyefa&m/ ydkqdk;wmu tJh'DoufvkHawG[m avhusifhoiftH usufrSwfvdkY&wJh t&mawGr[kwfjyefzl;/ qifjcifawG;ac:rIeJU csifhcsdef&wJht&mawGjzpfw,f/ ausmfjzwfw,f qkdwJh ae&mrSmvnf; b,folYb,foludkrS rSm;w,fvdkYajym vdkYr&zl;/ udk,fha½G;cs,frIeJYudk,fyJ/ wpfck&Sdwmu b,fvrf;aMumif;urS oufomw,fqkdwmr&Sdzl;/ ]] wdkYi,fi,fwkef;u oli,fcsif;wpfa,mufajymzl;ovkdrsdK;yJ/ wdkYwawG tm;vkH; q&m0efvkyf zdkY a½G;cs,fvdkufjyDqdkuwnf;u yifv,fxJudkckefqif;vdkufovkdyJ/ ul;Edkifoavmuf ay:aer,f/ tJ rul;Edkif whJ wpfaeYrSm epfjrKwfoGm;rSmyJ/ 'gawGtm;vkH;&JUausmaxmufaemufcH[m oufvkHyJ/ }} q&mMuD;vnf; pum;rsm;ajymvkduf&í acwårQ em;onfhoabmjzifh oufjyif;wpfcsufudkrIwf xkwfvdkuf\/ xkdtcdkfuftwefYwGif a'gufwmausmfckdifu ]] q&mMuD; ajymwmrSefygw,f/ 'gayr,fh tckudk cspfoufaZmf taeeJYuawmh ykHrSefMunfhvdkuf&if usqkH;ovdkvdkrsdK;eJY wu,fwrf;rSm tatmifjrifqkH;vrf;udk a½G;cs,foGm;Edkifw,fvdkYyJ aumufcsufcs&awmhrSmyJ/ bmjzpfvkdYvJqdkawmh ol[m aemufqkH;rSm b,fawmhrS aoGzD roGm;EdkifwJh ½Sifawmfa*gwr&JU tqkH;trudkcH,loGm;vdkYyJ jzpfygw,f/ ol&JU qifjcifawG;ac:rI twwf ynm[m aq;ynmrSmomru t&mt&mrSm ajymifajrmufvGef;vSygw,f/ ]] wu,fawmhol[m q&mMuD;&JUwynfhawGxJrSm tuRrf;tusifqkH; tawG;tac:ynm½Sif wpfa,mufjzpfcJhovdk tvdr®mtyg;eyfqkH;aom aq;ynm½Sifwpfa,mufvnf;jzpfcJhygw,f/ }}


148 a'gufwmausmfcdkif\pum;rsm;tm; Mum;vkduf&aomtcg q&mMuD;onf vGefpGmtHhtm;oifh vsuf ]] bm b,fvdk rif;uvnf;uGm? aocsmatmif½Sif;prf;ygOD;/ ---}} a'gufwmausmfcdkifvnf; rdrdudk,fudkrdrd ,kHMunfcsuftjynfhESifh pum;udkqufvkdufonf/ ]] 'Dvkdygq&mMuD;? uRefawmf[m udkcspfoufaZmfudk wpfpdkufpdkufrwfrwf&SmazG&if;eJY aemuf qkH;rSm olYudkawGU&SdcJh&ygw,f/ udkcspfoufaZmfudk&SmazGaewJhwpfcsdefvkH;rSm uRefawmfudk,fwdkifawmif tawmfav; jyif;xefwJh cHpm;rIawGudkBuKHawGU&cJhygw,f/ wcsdefwnf;rSmyJ olwnfaqmufcJhwJh aq;ynm atmifjrifrIwpfcsdKUudkvnf; tHhrcef;jrifawGUcJh&ygw,f/ wu,fqdk&if uRefawmfawmifrS olY&JU aq;ynm t &Sdeft0g aMumifh tckq&mMuD;&JU a&Shudka&mufcJh&wmyg/ uRefawmfudk,fwdkifom olUudkrawGUcJh&zl;qdk&if a[m'D ajrjyefYuolawGokH;oyfovdkyJ olUudkokH;oyfrdrSmygyJ/ uRefawmfq&mMuD;udkay;xm;wJh pmxJrSm uRefawmfawGU MuKHcJh&wJh taMumif;awGudk tao;pdwfa&;xm;ygw,f/ ]] tckqdk&if udkcspfoufaZmf[m aq;ynm&Sifwpfa,muftaeeJYomru awmifwef;omo emjyK Ak'¨bmombkef;awmfMuD;wpfyg;jzpfaecJhygjyD/ uRefawmfavhvmcHpm;rd&oavmufqdk&if udkcspfoufaZmf [m qkH;jzwfcsufcdkifrmjyD; rdrd,kHMunf&mudk &J&J0Hh0Hhowåd&Sd&Sd avsmufvSrf;&JwJh t&nftcsif;awGeJYjynfhpkHygw,f/ olUtwGufudkpdwfrylMuyJ rdrdwdkY&JU oHo&mtwGufudkom pdwfylMuygvdkY olu q&mMuD;eJY olUrdbawGudkpum; MuKHyg;vdkufygw,f/ }} a'gufwmausmfcdkif\ yg;pyfrS xGufay:vmaom pum;wkdYtm; q&mMuD;OD;atmifat;tae ESifh vkH;0arQmfvifhrxm;rdcJh/ ,cktcsdefwGifrl q&mMuD;OD;atmifat;taeESifh w&m;"r®tm;ESvkH;oGif;xm;ol wpfOD;jzpfaeao;íyif awmfao;awmhonf/ q&mMuD;onf a'gufwmausmfckdif\pum;tqkH;wGif rnfonfh pum;udkrS rqdkrdyJ t½G,fESifhrvkdufatmif avmukwå&mbufurf;odkYwufvSrf;cJhaom cspfwynfha'gufwm cspfoufaZmf vlMuKHyg;vkdufaom pum;udkom qifjcifaerdawmh\/ a'gufwmausmfcdkifvnf; q&mMuD;tm;em;em;aeaeESifh ola&;cJhaom c&D;oGm;rSwfwrf;tm; zwf½IEdkifap&ef q&mMuD;tm; av;av;pm;pm;ESifh EkwfqufíxGufcGgcJhavawmhonf/ jrefrmEdkifiH tESHhtjym;wGif oGm;a&mufwm0efxrf;aqmifaeMuaom q&m0eftrsm;tjym; onf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf cHpm;cJh&aom 'ku©xufrenf;aom 'ku©rsm;udkcHpm;&if; EdkifiHwm0efudkxrf;½Guf vsuf&SdaeMuonf/ xdkuJhodkUwm0efxrf;aqmifaeMu&if;rSyif awGUMuKHvm&aom avmu"Hudk MuHhMuhHcHtefwkí rdrdwdkY\wufvrf;udk avQmufvSrf;cJhMuaom q&m0efrsm;&SdouJhodkY avmu"Htm;vG,fvG,fulul t½IH;ay;í rdrdwdkY\ rGefjrwfaom aq;ynmtoufarG;0rf;ausmif;jyKrIudkyg ausmcdkif;vdkuf&aom q&m0efrsm;tajrmuf tjrm;&Sdonf/ odkY&mwGif t&mtm;vkH;onf rdrdqkH;jzwfcsufESifhrdrdomjzpf\/ rdrda&G;cs,frIESifh rdrdomjzpf\/ rnfolonfrSm;onf? rnfolonfrSefonfqdkonfudkrl qkH;jzwfcsufay;&efrSm cufcJvSonf/ a'gufwmausmfcdkifonf a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfESifhygwfoufí cHpm;&orQtm; tm;&yg;& a&;csjyD;jzpfojzifh pdwfvufayghyg;vef;qef;vsuf&Sd\/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmf a&G;cs,fcJhaom a&G;cs,frIonf ykHrSeftm;jzifh vdkufem&eftcufcJqkH;aom a&G;cs,frIwpfckjzpfcJhonf[k ol\pdwfwGifxifrdonf/ a'gufwm cspfoufaZmfonf rdrdawGYMuKHcJh&aom avmu"Htm; oifcef;pm,lum tqdkygavmu"Htm; oHo&mtxdr vdkufygEdkifap&ef avmukwå&mwpfzufurf;odkU wufvSrf;cJhonf/ q&m0efavmu\tcsif;csif;xdk;ESufrIrsm;? ygwfouf&m tzGJYrsm;\ zdtm;ay;rIrsm;? ESifh rdrd udk,fwdkif\ vlrIa&; tcuftcJrsm;Mum;wGif rm;rm;rwfrwf&yf&if; aq;ynmtm; zufwG,fcJhMuaom q&m 0efrsm;onf avmuEGHxJwGifepfjyD;&if;epf&if;ESifhyif tcsdefukefqkH;cJhMu&onf/ a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfonf tqdkygtcsuftm;vufudkifxm;í a'gufwmausmfckdiftm; oHo&mvrf;udkrD;armif;xdk;jycJhonf/ oludk,fwkdif avsmufvSrf;aeonfhvrf;\ckdifrmrIudk oufaoxlcJhonf/ odkUaomfvnf; a'gufwmausmfckdifwGif tqdkygvrf; tm; avsmufvSrf;Ekdifavmufatmif yg&rDr&ifhoefcJh/ þtcsufrSm wu,fwrf;pOf;pm;Munfhvsif tav;xm; &avmufonfh tcsufr[kwf[k ½kwfw&uf,lqvsif,lqí &Edkifaomfvnf; Ak'¨bmom0ifwpfOD;taeESifh arh xm;í r&onfh tcsufwpfckjzpfonfrSmaocsmvSonf/


149 a'gufwmausmfcdkifa&;om;cJh&mwGif [m;cg;-uav;vrf;xuf ykdíMurf;wrf;onfh r[mjrKdifawmudkausmfjzwfaom uav;-rEÅav; c&D;pOfESifh ykHawmifykHnma'oudkausmfjzwfaom rEÅav;[m;cg; c&D;pOfwdkY ryg0ifcJhyg/ a'gufwmausmfckdifonf tqdkyg vrf;c&D;rsm;udkroGm;cJh&yg/ xdkenf;wlpGm a'gufwmcspfoufaZmfvnf; roGm;cJh&yg/ xdkodkY roGm;cJh&jcif;onf uHaumif;jcif;vm;? uHqdk;jcif;vm; qdkonfudkrl bk&m;ocifrSyifod Edkifayawmhrnf/ tqdkygc&D;vrf;rsm;ü a'oEÅ& A[kokwrsm;yg0ifEdkifouJhodkY yifyef;qif;&JrIESifh toufudk jcdrf;ajcmufaom tEÅ&m,frsm; yg0if\/ jrefrmEdkifiH tESHhtjym;wGif tqdkygc&D;vrf;rsdK; ajrmufjrm;pGm&Sdonf/ aq;wuúodkvfwGif *kPf,l0ifh<um;pGm aq;ynmtm;oifMum;aeMuaom q&m0efrsdK;qufopfrsm;pGmtwGuf tqdkygvrf;c&D;rsm; onf MudKqdkvsuf&SdaeMu\/ a'gufwmausmfckdifonf tqdkygq&m0efrsm;pGmtwGuf MudKwifí *kPf,lrdaeonf/ odkYaomf olonf &efukef vdkif;um;armif;'&kdufbmrsm;\ a&ShwGif csdwfqGJxm;avh&Sdaom pmwrf;wpfydk'fudkrl owd&aerdonf/ tqdkygpmwrf;rSm ]] oif usef;usef;rmrmESifh tdrfjyefvmcsdeftm; oif\ ZeD;r,m; ESifh rdbaqGrsdK;om;csif;rsm;u apmifhMudKaeonfudk rarhygESifh/ }} [líyif jzpfayawmhonf/

ausmf x uf a tmif

Flying like a bird  

This is the novel written by Kyaw Htet Aung.

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