E14 REVISED CONCEPT PLAN FOR THE AIRPORT!!!!!!!!
Hong Kong Int. Airport
Map Location Absolute Location
Physical Appearance Cultural Characteristics
Movement of the...
Absolute Location To find the absolute location of the Hong Kong International Airport, we must need to know how to read the coordinates and learn the terms. The earth is round, so it is divided into 365 degrees like any circles, each degree is divided into 60 minutes each minute into 60 seconds. (The units should be accepted, as measurements not time). Latitude is the minutes and seconds of a point from north to south of the equator. Longitude is the minutes and seconds of a point from east to west of the Prime (Greenwich) Meridian. Lines of longitude are often refined as meridians. For example the absolute location of Hong Kong International Airport is 22°18’32’’N and 113°54’52’’E. Furthermore 22° and 133° stands for degrees, 18’ and 54’ stands for minutes, 32’’ and 52’’ stands for seconds then N and E stands for North and East. The E113 degrees 54’ relates to just over 113 degrees to the east of the Prime Meridian at a location in Brazil, but putting 22°18’32’’N on the coordinate can make the location move 30cm away to Hong Kong. Using the coordinate can help people to find the location easier if they just type the coordinates on GPS and finding on the map instead of looking at the relative location.
Hong Kong International Airport is a vital place for both business and tourism in Hong Kong, but a lot of foreigners get lost after they reach the city and are unable to find their way back to the airport. Since Hong Kong is such a crowded place, getting lost is very common for nonlocals. Although its crowded, but the public transport system is very organized and easy to get access of it.
One of them is the MTR, it is one of the fastest ways to travel along the city to diďŹ€erent places, but there are only limited amount of exits and each station. The airport express is linked to the MTR, you could get to the Hong Kong station in Central, the Kowloon station or the Tsing Yi station. From the Hong Kong station to the airport takes about 24 minutes, from the Kowloon station to the airport takes about 21 minutes and from the Tsing Yi station to the airport takes about 13 minutes.
The second one is the public bus, there are bus stops scattered around the whole city. In the Lantau Island, number S1, S52, S52P,S64 and S64P buses could reach the airport from Tung Chung. A35 and N35 could reach the airport form Mui Wo. DB02R is a special bus from the Discovery Bay that reaches the airport, and at last, number NR334 bus takes you to the airport from the Park Island. In the Hong Kong Island, you could take A10 from the Ap Lei Chau Estate, N11 from Central, E11 from Causeway Bay, A11 from North Point and A12 from Siu Sai Wan. In the New Territories, A33 and E33 are options from Tuen Mun, E34 from Tin Shui Wai, N30 for Yuen Long, A43 and N42A for Fanling, E41 for Tai Po, A31 and N31 for Tsuen Wan and E32 for Kwai Fong. In Kowloon, you could take A41P and N42 from Ma On Shan, A41 and E42 from Shatin, N23 from Tsz Wan Shan, E21 from Tai Kok Tsui, A21 from Hung Hom station, N21 from Tsim Sha Tsui, E23 from Choi Hung, A22 and E22 from Lam Tin, N26 and E22P from Yau Tong and E22A, E22B and N29 from Tseung Kwen O.
The last kind of transport is taxis, the red taxis serves throughout Hong Kong except Tung Chung Road, and roads in the South Lantau. Green taxis serves only the New Territories and some specific roads in Lantau. Blue taxis serves all locations in Lantau and the airport. and there are no access of taxis in Discovery Bay.
With all the help above, it should give you a clearer idea of how transportation work in Hong Kong and most importantly â€œhow to get back to the airportâ€?.
Physical Appearance Hong Kong International Airport has a surface area 12.48. The sea surrounds it because it there would be more land for it to build on. This airport cannot be built on mountains or near the city unlike buildings and apartments, so that’s why it is kept away from Kowloon city. It also won’t eﬀect the living environment on Kowloon city because the airplanes create lots of noise. It should be built on a piece of flat land because the airplane needs a smooth surface to take oﬀ. If it is built near the city and when the airplanes are going to land, the airplanes might crash the buildings. It is also built between Chek Lap Kok and Lam Chau islands, and in the north of the Lantau Island, as a result it is far away from Lantau Island and Lamma Island. Meanwhile it reduces the pollution to Lantau Island and Lamma Island. Furthermore, the trees in Tung Chung and Discovery bay would purify the dirty pollution from the airport. For example, if an airplane were going to take oﬀ on Hong Kong International Airport, it would reduce the chance of hitting the buildings because it is built far away from the city. Then the airplane can see the airport easily because the sea surrounds it, and the surface is smooth and so the airplane can take oﬀ safety and easily. This is the reason why the airport is built on a flat piece of land. The airport physical appearance and the geography have made the airport so much better for Hong Kong and airplanes.
Cultural Characteristics The culture of innovation started at the planning stage. When the decision was made to build a new airport on Lantau Island, the planners decided to join two small hilly uninhabited islands and use the rocks from the hills for the land reclamation that went into building the airport. Rather than utilizing existing land the airport added 1% to Hong Kong’s land area. Planning took into consideration how to support the development of Lantau Island and introduce a modern transportation hub while at the same time, still preserving the culture of the traditional fishing villages. Green space was protected while making access to and from the airport fast and eﬃcient. As airports are huge operations that need to consider safety and security of airplanes and passengers, HKIA has also shown a great innovation in its use of technology. Over the years, the airport has won many awards for providing a very eﬃcient and state of the art experience for Hong Kong residents and visitors. A few examples of the airport’s innovation in technology include an in In town check in with an easy train link between city and airport. Hong Kong is one of the few cities in the world, where you can check in for your flight in the morning in downtown, go to work or sightseeing during the day, and then take the train to the airport for your flight at the end of the day. Similarly, the use of HKID readers to facilitate quick and eﬃcient customs and immigration processing for HK residents and frequent visitors is a showcase for demonstrating a strong culture of innovation. For residents and frequent visitors of Hong Kong, it is now possible to get through customs and immigration in a few minutes without having to wait in long line-ups. As a result, HKIA is frequently praised for being one of the most eﬃcient airports in the world. Finally, the automated baggage handling at HKIA shows excellence in engineering design and has provided for a very eﬃcient delivery of baggage to the arrivals area.
Airports are often designed to showcase innovative architecture and HKIA also shows its culture of innovation in its architecture design. The open design of the airport which is modern and spacious and features many world class restaurants and shops, shows an innovative and futuristic architecture. The airport has won over 20 awards including AETRA Best Airport Worldwide (2005) ; Air Transport Research Society Asia Pacific Airport EďŹƒciency Excellence Award (2007); and Asiaweek Asia's Best Airport (2000)
A culture of innovation is not only exhibited through the physical buildings at the airport and its use of technology, but also in the people that work there. HKIA hires people with diďŹ€erent language and culture backgrounds and provides training to meet the ever changing business needs. There is currently a low job turn-over rate and the innovations in technology make it an exciting and interesting place to work. There are many diďŹ€erent jobs at the airport, from airplane related, such as pilots, flight attendants and baggage handlers, to engineering jobs, computer science and airport management. Hong Kong International Airport enjoys an inflow of an estimated 87,000,000 passengers and 9,000,000 metric tones of cargo annually, making Hong Kong International Airport a cultural hub, attracting people from all over the world.
Man-Made Features The man made features of the Hong Kong International Airport is spectacular and enormous. The airport itself is man made, containing thousands of diﬀerent facilities, such as the airplane landing pathways, the control towers, car parks, and taxi stands, etc. All of the man made features are made to suit human needs, making our lives easier and more convenient. Transportation: A lot of diﬀerent transporting facilities are built inside and outside of the airport. For the outer part, there are taxi stands, bus/ coaches stations and car parks. Firstly for the taxi stands, they are built for the purpose of letting people line up and wait for taxis, keeping the situation in order but not in chaos. Bus/coaches stations are made for people who mostly take the bus to the airport and giving a cheaper choice for whom that can’t aﬀord for taking a taxi or driving their own cars. Lastly, the car parks are for people who drive their own car to the airport, either picking up their family/friends or going on a travel.
Government/Airport: Control towers, the immigration gate, departure/arrival lobbies, customer service and the security system are all man made features that help the government and the airport to control and look after the airport better. Control towers are made for the purpose of controlling which airplane lands first and on which lane, so that it will decrease the rate of accidents like airplanes crashing into each other in the lanes while landing. The immigration gate is for checking into the internal airport, it checks your passport and identity card, so that the government could record the history of people going in and out. Departure/arrival lobbies are for built because people waits for their luggage when they arrive and sometimes, when you’re early to the gate, and the plane’s not opened yet, you have a place to sit down and wait. Customer services are mainly for nonlocals, usually they tell you where to take transportations and locations in Hong Kong. At last, the security system is made for checking the passenger’s luggage, ensuring that there are no explosives and any kind of weapons.
Leisure/Food: Convenient stores Burger
like 7-11, food stores like McDonalds and King and diﬀerent kinds of souvenir shops are all for people’s entertainment and fitting the passenger’s needs. Convenient stores give you a quick access for simple items, such as drinks, snacks or magazines, usually for customers that won’t stay long in the airport. Food stores plays an important role in the airport, showing that Hong Kong is an international food heaven and giving customers access to food. At last, souvenir shops are built for boosting Hong Kong’s economy and letting foreigners to buy souvenirs back to their home country, sharing Hong Kong’s culture.
Hong Kong has a lot of diﬀerent man made features, facilities and shops. They are all made for the people who go to the airport and satisfying human needs.
Movement of the Hong Kong International Airport You can easily get to Hong Kong International Airport or get home from HKIA by diďŹ€erent kinds of transportation; itâ€™s mostly convenient and cheap. To get to the airport, there are a variety of preferences in transportation. The fastest way is to take the Airport express and Mass Transit Railway and take approximately 24 minutes to get to the airport from Hong Kong Station. Anyways if you want some private space you can take the taxi, which include urban taxi, it is connected to the airport with Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, and new towns like Tsuen Wan, Sha Tin, and Tseung Kwan O. If you live in the New Territories, then you can take the new Territories Taxi which is connected the airport but except is it not connected to the Urban taxi routes. Then Lantau Taxi is connected to the airport from Lantau. If you want the to pay a cheaper price for the transportation fee, then you can take the buses. CityBus, New Lantau Bus, Long Win Bus and Discovery Bay Bus together operate 25 bus routes. Furthermore the S1 City bus can take the passengers from the airport to Tung Chung MTR station. Inside the airport, MTR in the terminals are connected to the East Hall, West Hal, Terminal and SkyPier. HKIA takes for about 40 minutes for the cars to drive to the major hotels in Kowloon, and takes 50 minutes to drive through the Cross-Harbor Tunnel from all major hotels on the Hong Kong Island.
Revised Plan For The Hong Kong International Airport When the tourism in Hong Kong increases, it will boost the economic because tourists will spend money on hotels, restaurants, shops, infrastructure and transportation. Then it will also increase the employment rate. For example when the tourists are overloaded and the bus and hold no more than 300 people a day, then the government will have to get more buses to get more passengers. When the government makes more buses, then they need to hire drivers too to drive the buses. As a result the employment rate will increase. Even shops, hotels, and restaurants they also need shopkeepers, cleaners, servants, chiefs etc. The government will also have improvements on the infrastructure such as building a new runway and bridges in the airport. But actually the total inbound tourism expenditure has reached 117.3 billion in 2006, and the visitor arrivals to Hong Kong have increased to 25.25 million. The overall tourists from China are over 13.5 million. For example, the HKIA Master Plan 2030 is studying the environmental and engineering of a new runway and passenger concourse. The government is planning for a building major infrastructure projects, includes the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge, Hong Kong Boundary Crossing Facilities, and Tuen Mun-Chek Lap Kok Link which is names already. This will enhance the position of HKIA as a regional and international aviation center and meanwhile serves the economic development of Hong Kong and Pearl River Delta. Furthermore when increasing the tourism and it will benefit from the growth of the mainland’s inbound tourism. Hong Kong is located in the south of China and has easy access to Mainland especially Guangdong province.
Building a new runway and increasing the number of tourist in Hong Kong destroys the natural environment around the airport. Reclamation needs to be made in order to expand the size of the airport and build a third runway, reclamation destroys natural habitats for sea creatures such as horseshoe crabs. Construction also causes pollution; it increases the sound pollution around Hong Kong and the light pollution produced during the process. Transporting construction materials and bringing more airplanes creates more CO2, mainland is increasing it’s amount of CO2 produced at the same time, this might cause diﬀerent health issues in Hong Kong, such as lung cancers or asthma. The larger the airport is, more tourists will come. Tourist produce a lot of rubbish, according to the government’s figure on 2008, the per capita of the disposal rate of municipal solid waste was 1.35 kilograms per day. Having more tourist would only increase the number of waste , filling up landfills and destroying the nature.
Bibliography for HKIA Magazine
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To & From Airport -
Airport Express -
Kong International Airport. (n.d.). Hong Kong International Airport - Your Regional Hub with Worldwide Connections and Gateway to China. Retrieved January 27, 2011, from http://www.hongkongairport.com/eng/transport/to-from-airport/airportexpress.html Transport -
To & From Airport -
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