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Memorial Day 2019


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Memorial Day — Steuben County

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May 26, 2019

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1944

Memorial Day — Steuben County

JUNE 6,

PHOTOS: WIKIPEDIA

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Memorial Day — Steuben County

May 26, 2019

TIMELINE

A

ATTACK

OF THE

w 00

U.S. a Norm

w 00

Mem aboar Cana missi them 40 me super Withi

w 01

The “ jump

w 01

Some Parat aim w ville a parat mans seize town cause

w 01

The fi Force groun coast

w 02

Fight ers be place Members of the 101st Airborne Infantry Division and the 4th Infantry Division crowd aboard an LCT on the way to Utah Beach on June 6, 1944. [PHOTOS FROM NATIONALWW2MUSEUM.ORG]

w 02

The G enem River


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May 26, 2019

Memorial Day — Steuben County

I

n the early hours of June 6, 1944, 156,000 servicemen from the Allied nations boarded more than 5,000 ships and landing craft that ferried them across English harbors to the beaches of France toward a hail of German gunfire and into history. At the same time, paratroopers and gliders descended into the pitch-black Normandy countryside with the objective of clearing the way for troops on the beaches to head inland. U.S. dead numbered 2,499 in just the first day (total Allied losses topped 4,000). Those who survived the assault were in for a long and treacherous journey that would not end until the surrender of Germany, almost a year later. This is the story of D-Day told in the words of those who lived to tell about it and through the things they carried with them — all from the collection of The National WWII Museum. w 0000 to 0100

U.S. and British Airborne divisions landed in Normandy.

w 0016 hours

Members of the 6th British Airborne Division, aboard 8 Horsa gliders, landed near the Caen Canal (Benouville) and Orne River bridges. Their mission was to capture the bridges and hold them. The first glider of the group stopped some 40 meters from the Benouville bridge, thanks to superb piloting during the middle of the night. Within 15 minutes, both bridges were captured.

w 0215 hours

w 0015 hours

The German 709 Infantry Division reported that enemy paratroopers had landed around Sainte-Mère-Église.

101st Pathfinders followed by Paratroopers of the 101st Airborne jumped into Normandy. Their objective was to control the Western flank of Normandy by capturing Sainte-Mère-Église and seizing the major exits that link to Utah Beach.

w 0300 to 0500

Thousands of warships and transports began to anchor and lower landing craft into the water.

w 0354 hours

CG-4 (WACO) gliders landed in Normandy with extra troops and supplies to support the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions that were already engaged in combat.

w 0100 to 0200

The “All American” 82nd Airborne Division jumped into combat in Normandy.

w 0151 hours

Some 369 C-47s arrived over Normandy carrying Paratroopers of the 82nd Airborne Division. Their aim was to land near Sainte-Mère-Église, Amfreville and Picauville. Unfortunately, a number of paratroopers landed in areas flooded by the Germans and drown. The survivors’ objective was to seize beach exits from Utah Beach, capture the town of Sainte-Mère-Église and control the major causeway just outside of town.

w 0121 hours

Pathfinders of the 82nd Airborne jumped into Normandy to mark the three main Drop Zones assigned to the division.

w 0155 hours

The first 2,000 aircraft of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces took off from England to support the ground forces of the invasion on the Normandy coast.

w 0200 to 0300

Fighting started outside areas where paratroopers began to regroup. All German units were placed on alert.

101st Airborne Division paratrooper standing in the door of a C-47.

w 0211 hours

The German 716 Infantry Division reported that enemy paratroopers had landed east of the Orne River.

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Memorial Day — Steuben County

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w 0400 hours

Elements of the 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division captured the town of Sainte-Mère-Église.

w 0415 hours

w 0630 hours — Omaha Beach

The 1st Infantry Division and 29th Infantry Division landed their first wave of troops under heavy fire. Immediately, GIs coming ashore attempted to make their way toward the seawall for cover from the enemy fire.

Assault units were transferred from transport ships to LCVPs and LCAs off of Omaha Beach.

w 0500 to 0600

May 26, 2019

w 063 Beac

The bo and th to shor confus of the less we beach.

RAF bombers dropped some 6,000 tons of bombs on coastal defenses in Normandy.

w 0535 hours

Companies B and C of the 741st Tank Battalion, with Sherman tanks equipped with Duplex Drive to enable movement in water, were launched from their LSTs. However, the seas were rough; of the 32 DD tanks launched, 27 sank and three couldn’t launch from their transport. As a result, despite risks from German artillery, the 743rd Tank Battalion decided to land their tanks directly on the beach.

w 0537 hours

The German-held Longues-sur-Mer battery opened fire for the first time, targeting the USS Emmons. It failed to hit the ship. It then fired on USS Arkansas and missed. At that point, the German battery focused its guns on nearer targets.

w 0550 hours

Warships opened fire on the German Utah Beach batteries. Shortly after, B-26 Marauders of the 9th Air Force dropped more than 4,000 bombs on targets from Les Dunes-de-Varreville to Beauguillot.

w 0555 hours

B-24s of the 446th Bomb Group dropped bombs above Vierville, focusing on the strongpoints along the coast between Port-en-Bessin and the Pointe de la Percée. Due to poor weather and poor visibility, however, their efforts to knock them out were a failure.

w 0558 hours

Daylight broke, showing a continuation of gray, cold and rainy weather. Winds stirred up waves up to and beyond two meters. Warships started to open more concentrated fire on the coastal batteries to prepare the way for beach landings.

w 0600 to 0700

Barges with rocket launchers attached approached the landing beaches and sprayed them with rocket fire.

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Tightly packed troops crouch inside their LCVP as it plows through a wave. In the distance is the coast of Normandy.

O — 94 It th In In

M

NA


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May 26, 2019

Memorial Day — Steuben County

VETERANS SERVING VETERANS

FREMONT AMERICAN LEGION POST 257 "In Memory of those we've lost" Veterans still serving our city, state and nation

VETERAN? OR RELATIVE OF A VETERAN? PLEASE COME & ENJOY OUR LEGION AND INQUIRE ABOUT A MEMBERSHIP. WE’D LOVE TO HAVE YOU! Wednesday Nights – Treasure Hunt Drawing Friday Nights – Fish Fry (Fish, Shrimp) (Frog Legs 2nd & 4th Friday each month)

“A man who is good enough to shed his blood for his country is good enough to be given a square deal afterwards. More than that no man is entitled, and less than that no man shall have.” - Theodore Roosevelt 1903

VETERAN’S SERVICE OFFICE

The Steuben County Veteran’s Service Office is responsible for assisting veterans, their spouses, dependents, and survivors with information and assistance concerning Veterans benefits through the Federal and State Levels. The Veterans’ Service office offers assistance in the following: • Obtaining your DD-214 military discharge • Filing claims for service connected or non-service connected disabilities • Education benefits • Low Income Pension Benefits • Motor Vehicle License Plates • Survivor Benefits • VA Medical Care • Home Loan Guarantee • Golden Hoosier Passport

• G.I. Bill Benefits • Vocational Rehabilitation • Burial Benefits • Property Tax Abatement • Remission of Fees for Children of Disabled Veterans • Peddlers, Vendors License • Resident Veteran Hunting & Fishing License

ASSISTANCE WITH: • Finding Military Documents • Veterans Grave Markers

Watch for our Legion Rider’s Ribeye Steak Dinner Cookouts includes salad, potato, dessert - $14

STEUBEN COUNTY VETERANS SERVICE OFFICE 317 S. WAYNE ST., SUITE 2B, ANGOLA, IN 46703

260-668-1000 ext. 1060

301 S. Wayne St., Fremont, IN (260) 495-9329

Alex Dobson

Veteran’s Service Officer

We honor the memories of

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the brave American soldiers who made the ultimate sacrifice for this country. Their courage, commitment and seflessness will always be remembered with gratitude. We will never forget that freedom is not free.

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Memorial Day — Steuben County

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May 26, 2019

w 0630 hours — Utah Beach The bombardment stopped and the 4th Division headed to shore. Strong currents and confusion placed elements of the division ashore on a less well-defended section of beach.

Omaha Beach, Normandy — Landing craft of Infantry 94 noses onto the beach. It carried soldiers from the 3rd Battalion, 116th Infantry Regiment, 29th Infantry Division. [GIFT OF MRS. CHARLES JARREAU, THE NATIONAL WWII MUSEUM]

U.S. Army troops crouch behind the bulwarks of a landing craft as it nears Omaha Beach. [COAST GUARD COMPASS]

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May 26, 2019

Memorial Day — Steuben County

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w 0725 hours — Gold Beach

The British 50th Division landed on a front of beach east of their assigned site. German artillery and machine guns slowed the assigned mission to establish a foothold in the cliffs at Arromanches and quickly took Bayeux.

w 08

A U.S. toward landin machi aircraf

47th Royal Marine Commandos land at Gold Beach on D-Day.

w 0658 hours

The bombing over Gold Beach and the west of Juno Beach began. The 1st Bombardment Division struck the coastal batteries and strong points between Longues-sur-Mer and Courseulles-sur-Mer. Simultaniously, B-17s of the 3rd Bombardment Division bombed the eastern part of Juno sector to Sword Beach.

w 0700 to 0800

There was confusion among the troops in the field and German high command. Gen. Alfred Jodl refused to send in Panzer reinforcements before receiving Hitler’s approval. Hitler was in bed and was not to be awakened before 0900 hours.

w 0700 hours — Omaha Beach The second wave landed at Omaha Beach.

w 0700 hours — Sword Beach

The 3rd British Division landed on time. Heavy fighting in the area slowed down the soldiers’ progress.

w 0730 hours

The attack on Pointe du Hoc began. Rangers under Lt.

8

Col. James Rudder attacked and climbed the eastern face of the cliffside at Pointe du Hoc, hoping to take out the (155mm) German artillery battery that intelligence believed was situated at its summit. This battery was a threat to troops on Omaha and Utah beaches. Approximately 20 minutes later, the casemates were taken from the Germans, but the artillery pieces had been moved. They were later found 1,100 meters away and were promptly destroyed. Surviving Germans in the area were captured and became prisoners of war. For 36 hours, 190 able Rangers resisted a violent German counterattack. Only 90 soldiers came out of this heroic exploit alive.

w 0745 hours

Juno Beach: The 3rd Canadian Infantry Division started to land and were running 15 minutes behind schedule. The German resistance was relentless.

w 0800 to 1200

The offensive began from Utah Beach. American losses at Omaha Beach. Brits and Canadians moved inland.


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Memorial Day — Steuben County

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May 26, 2019

w 1000 hours

American troops moved among beach obstacles and minefields on Omaha Beach, regrouping units and searching for an exit off the beach. Some 2,000 dead and wounded lay on the beach, mixed in with drowning victims brought in by the tide.

More of O

w 1630

Caen was

w 1700

w 0900 hours — Omaha Beach

WN60 was captured. WN stands for Widerstandsnest (“resistance nest”) and is typically a fortified concrete cave or stronghold that defended an area of the beach. It was the first strong point of the day to fall to the Americans.

After hea Beach wa natural dr Omaha B from the as this on ily fortifie invasion.

w 0915 hours

w 1800

Hitler awoke and listened to the latest news and reports.

Troops on fighting s dropped fl ments fro

w 1030 hours

Strong point WN65 was destroyed at Omaha Beach. This German fortification point protected Exit E1 and access to the Ruquet Valley.

w 1200 to 1600

The beaches continued to be cleared. Except for small pockets of resistance, the Atlantic Wall no longer existed. Wounded were starting to be evacuated from Omaha beach and troops were advancing overlooking Easy Green and Easy Red sectors.

w 1300 hours — Omaha Beach WN72 stronghold, situated in the Dog Green Sector of Omaha Beach, was surrendered. It protected the D-1 Exit from the beach.

w 1330 hours

The city of Caen underwent its first bombing of the day.

w 1430 hours — Omaha Beach

The WN62 fortification situated in the Easy Red sector fell. This strong point protected the beach exit E3 and gave access to the village of Colleville-sur-Mer.

10

w 1600

w 2230

Caen was port area

American assault troops of the 3rd Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, carrying full equipment from the base of the cliff.

A medic of the 3rd Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st U.S. Infantry Division, moves along a narrow strip on Omaha Beach.


May 26, 2019

w 1600 to 1800

More of Omaha Beach opens up.

w 1630 hours

Caen was bombed again.

w 1700 hours

After heavy combat all day, Exit D-1 on Omaha Beach was finally secured. Exit D-1 was a natural draw, or valley, between the cliffs at Omaha Beach that provide a natural exit inland from the beach. There were multiple exits such as this on Omaha Beach, and each was heavily fortified by the Germans in defense of an invasion.

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Memorial Day — Steuben County

w 0000 hours — June 7, 1944

Some 170,000 or more troops by this point were fighting in Normandy. Reinforcements of Allied troops continued to arrive throughout the night. Losses at this point were estimated at about 6,600 Americans, 4,000 British and Canadian troops and some 4,000 to 9,000 Germans were killed during the first 24 hours of the invasion.

w 1800 to 0000

Troops on both sides were exhausted. Most fighting stopped at sunset. Evening overflights dropped flares to prevent German reinforcements from closing off conquered zones.

w 2230 hours

Caen was bombed for a third time, with the port area being damaged.

Monument to a nearby dead American soldier in Normandy (possibly at Pointe du Hoc).

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Memorial Day — Steuben County

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May 26, 2019

WE PROUDLY SALUTE OUR VETERANS!

ANGOLA AMERICAN LEGION FOR GOD AND COUNTRY WE ASSOCIATE TOGETHER FOR COMMUNITY, STATE AND NATION. WE ARE VETERANS STILL SERVING AMERICA.

“American Legion wants you.”

We cordially invite you to stop by the Angola American Legion today and discover all of the benefits of becoming a member! We are always seeking new members to promote community involvement and participation!

“Proud To Serve Those Who Served”

LEGION POST PROGRAMS: • Americanism & Government • American Legion Baseball • Boys State/Boys Nation • Girls State/Girls Nation • High School Oratorical • Boy Scouts/Girl Scouts • Flag Education • Junior Shooting Sports

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• Junior Law Cadet Program • Law Enforcement Officer of the Year • School Teacher of the Year • Fire Fighter / EMS of the Year • Eagle Scout of the Year • Girl Scout of the Year • Scholarships Programs Are Open To ALL School Children

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