TEEN MAGAZINE â€“
getting to know our legends & interests 2013/2014
Issue I National identity through legendary past
In this Issue: I Legendary past of our cities II Myths & legends of the countries III Heroes, heroines & other symbolic figures IV Compliments
After long hours of group work, we are happy to present you the first Issue of our Teen Magazine, which is about legends of our past. This work is part of an etwinning project undertaken by 77 students of five different countries: Poland, France, Spain, Italy and Greece. The goal of this project is to get to know each other through the different myths of our countries and to find differences and similarities in the way people from different origins and backgrounds interpret the world that surrounds them. Our first Issue is divided in three main parts. The first one deals with legends of the cities our students come from. The second one is about legends of the wider regions they live in. The last section is devoted to our favourite heroes, from our own country or from our etwinnersâ€™ country and the imaginary way we picture them. We hope that by browsing in the pictures of our emagazine you will enjoy it as much as we did while preparing it. The teachers: Kasia, Christine, Concepcion, Anna, Elpida.
I Legendary past of our cities Konin Polan d
Nola Naples Italy
Acharnes Athenes Greece Castilleja de la Cuesta Sevilla Spain Nanterre Paris France
The legend of Konin, Poland One day prince Leszek decided to go to the nearby forest with his entourage to hunt down some animals. He was in hurry chasing a deer, so he didnâ€™t notice that his entourage was left behind. On the certain moment he felt really tired, thatâ€™s why he decided do have some rest under a tree. In the same time half-wild pitch burners appeared. The Prince was invoking on his price immunity, treating with his warriors. Pitch burners were impassive, they were mocking Leszek saying that nobody has ever left those forests alive. Right after that they pushed him so hard that he felt. Then they started to rip his clothes. Suddenly they heard horseâ€™s tramp. They were convinced that troops are coming to save their master, so they decided to run away. It turns out that the noise was made not by prince`s team, but by herd of horses whose guide was white stallion. Prince within the framework of gratitude for animals, which saved his life, he decided to make a city in this place and named it Konin and in the crest place a white horse.
Nanterre (Paris) France Legends of Nanterre Genevieve was born in Nanterre in 423 and died in Paris on January 3rd 512â€Ś The mother of Genevieve there was blind. Genevieve have cured her mother, this one asked her daughter to go and get some water from a well. So her mother recovered the view immediately after Genevieve had had him applied the water to eyes. Sometime later, Genevieve conviced, the residents of Paris not to abandon the city to the Huns. She encouraged the Parisians to resist the invasions.
The legend of Castilleja de la Cuesta (Sevilla region) Spain It is very common to use the term "Más perdido que el barco del arroz" (“Most lost than the rice's ship”) in the southern region of Andalusia in Spain. The origin of this expression goes back to a legend or events that occurred in Andalusia.
In 1940 an Argentine ship was sent to Spain after the war to alleviate hunger. This boat was loaded with rice to alleviate the famine that many sectors of the Spanish population was in those years. This boat was called Alcatraz and never came to any Andalusian port. They began circulating rumors that the crew had a contagious a deadly disease that had made the boat were aimlessly. There was also talk that the ship had an accident because of the weather. In addition, people said the cargo was stolen by the same crew and its cargo sold in the "black market". The only true and proven is that the ship carrying rice never came to any Spanish port officially. But also occurred many other situations involving foreign ships carrying rice to Andalusia:
Ten years later (1950), another boatload of rice ("El vapor de CĂĄdizâ€?), accidentally let go the ropes that was subject to Cadiz port because of a temporary and the ship broke in two. Forty years later (1980), it was up a rice collection in Seville for Ethiopia, and the boat not reach the port of destination. In 1994, a Cypriot ship on its course by the Guadalquivir destined Seville got caught and the puffed rice split the ship in two. Some people say that a Chinese ship that sank off the coast of Cadiz and You know what it was loaded? ... From rice!
The legend of Nola (Naples) Italy Nola: its HISTORY…
The town-Hall ●
The PHILOSOPHER G. BRUNO’S MONUMENT
The origins of the name are uncertain, because the city was FIRST called “Hyria” or “Uri”, but at the end it was called “Nuvla”, that is new city. If you are looking for a place where culture has been in the century a close friend, that is Nola. Characters like Giordano Bruno, Giovanni Merliano, Luigi tansillo etc, made this land famous and privileged all over THE world. Nola is a city full of history infact it has The Prehistoric village that is an extraordinary archaeological site buried by A volcanic eruption.
Nola had two roman amphitheatres, the oldest ones in the world. Nola has been involved in the fall of the Roman Empire and Nolan dioceses, one of the most ancient and great in Campania, became a real guide, in particular thanks to St. Paulinus’ cult. Nola was also influenced by the noble and powerful family, the Orsinis, who elevated Nola to the capital of their county, making it preciuos, thanks to monuments of great value, like the ”Royal palace” and the several monasteries as S. Angelo and S. Chiara. This great city has also many legends about St. Paulinus: It is said that the vandals after the devastation of the city captured some people including a widow’s son. The prisoners were SENT as slaves to Turkey. The widow asked the bishop Paulinus to help her son. So paulinus went to turkey and worked as a gardener by the sultan. Since he was able to grow flowers and fruit in whatever season, even if it snowed, the sultan wanted to know who he was and paulinus revealed the truth. At the end the bishop offered himself to the vandals in exchange for the prisoners' freedom. The sultan freed all of them and they could come back home. Nolan residents welcomed the bishop on his return with lilies and happiness. Every year, on 22th june, nola celebrates st. paulinus with the “feast of lilies”.
The legend of Acharnes (Athenes) Greece
Athena and Poseidon fighting for the capitalâ€™s name Heroes or heroines are usually born in an extraordinary way. The heroine we are going to talk about is Athena the goddess of wisdom, in fact she is the main character in the following myth which we are going to describe in the following lines. Centuries ago king Cercrops, the first king of Athens, tried to find the guardian God of the city. He called on Athena and Poseidon because both desired to become the patron of the city. At this point we ought to refer who Poseidon was, he was the god of the sea and the protector of sailors. Additionally, Athena and the latter began a contest, so they could claim the city. The Gods, king Cercrops, and the others gathered at the Acropolis. Poseidon struck the earth with his trident and gifted the local people with the Erekhtheis Sea.
The people who were present at that time liked it at first, but after tasting it they didn始t like the salty water. Then, Athena planted an olive tree, which gave people oil, wood, olives-food and building material. Cercrops preferred Athena始s gift. As a result, Athena became the protector of the city. Having lost the contest Poseidon was angry and he flooded Attica with salty water. To sum up, Athena gave her name to the city, which was Athens, the capital of Greece.
II Myths & legends of the countries
The Legend about Dorothy (PL)
The foreman of Kalisz castle had a beautiful daughter Dorothy. He loved her very much and wished her luck. He wanted her to marry a candidate, who will not only be wealthy and wise, but the one whom Dorothy will truly love. The girl didn’t hurry to marry. None of the the candidates suited her taste. She was sitting alone in her room waiting for the true love.
Dorothy didn’t like elegant dresses or bonnets, but she really liked elaborately decorated shoes. The foreman was doing whatever his daughter wanted and every month the shoemaker Marty was brought to the castle, because none of the craftsmen could embroider such a wonderful ornaments on women’s shoes with golden and silver thread.
Once upon a time king sent the foreman on a long and dangerous journey with important mission. The months passed and foreman didn’t came back. Kalisz was going through the time of plague and starvation. People were dropping on streets like flies. But Marty, despite the „pestilential air” in the city, still managed to visit Dorothy in her castle and sew new shoes for her. During these meetings they fell in love and started to spend more time together. This caught castle guards’ attention. The guard tried to catch shoemaker. When he tried to run away, he fell from the castle’s wall and died. Soon after Marty’s death the foreman came back to the castle. He was furious and commanded to mure his daughter in one of castle towers, where she was starved to death. After her death the tower was used as a prison for bad and vicious girls, which were later called Dorothies. Later even the tower was called Dorothy.
The story of Madeleine… (FR) In the XIX century, Madeleine is a cake shopkeeper in Nanterre. She sells cakes in the Tuillerie garden in Paris. The city of Nanterre has been famous for a very long time for its delicious cakes. The name of “Madeleine” will remain forever associated with a pastry, in memory of lost times. This culinary tradition goes back probably to the XVI century. The bishop of Saint Germain had sent blessed breads marked with a cross to Saint Genevieve, to show respect to her.
La Celestinaâ€Ś (ES) La Celestina is a passionate love that ends in tragedy. Calisto, a nobleman enters the garden of Pleberio. There he sees Pleberioâ€™s daughter, Melibea, and falls in love with her, but she rejects his hasty advances. On the advice of Sempronio, Calisto seeks the help of Celestina, a former prostitute, and now an active go-between, witch, and virgin-mender. Then Celestine helps to Calisto and Calisto and Melibea fall in love. Celestine needs a reward for his work and Calisto give to her a gold necklace. Calisto's servants claim a part of the reward but Celestina don't want to give that part and the servants kill her. They flee and then imprison them. Calisto visit to Melibea and for see her, he goes up with a stairs from the street. When he is talking with her, there is a fight in the street and stairs fall with Calisto. Calisto dead. Melibea sees Calisto dead and pulls from a tower. Melibea's dad cry her death and ends the story.
The legend of Naples … (IT) A legend in Naples: “The Munaciello” The beginning of the story was around 1445 during the Aragonese reign. The beautiful Caterinella Frezza,daughter of a cloth merchant, fell in love with Stefano Mariconda, a boy. The love between two was strongly opposed. The fate wanted the story to end in tragedy. Stefano murdered himself in the place of their secret meetings while Caterinella retired in a convent. Caterinella had a baby. The nuns of the convent adopted him and they sewed clothes for him similar to those of a monk with a hood to disguise the deformity that the boy suffered. So he was called “ The Munaciello”(little monk). He had magical powers. The Munaciello died mysteriously. He sometimes still appears, bringing a good or a bad luck, according to the feeling he has with the people who see him.
Daedalus & Icarusâ€Ś (GR)
Daedalus was a highly respected Athenian artistan descendant from the royal family of Cecrops , the mythical king of Athens. He was talented in sculpture and a great inventor. Despite his self-confidence Deadalus commited a crime of envy against Talus and threw him off of Acropolis. For this crime Deadalus was exiled to Crete and worked for King Minos. There he had a son with the beautiful Naucrate. Minos told Deadalus to build a labyrinth in order to imprison the dreaded Minotaur, which was a monster with the head of a bull and the body of a man. Poseidon had sent it to him as a gift. Minos was ashamed by the birth of such a creature and imprisoned it in the labyrinth where it fed on humans. Theseus was very upset by his action and went to Crete in order to kill the animal.
Ariadne, who was the son of Minos, fell in love with Theseus and with Deadalus they helped him to find the way back , out of the labyrinth. Minos lheard about Deadalusâ€™ action and he imprisoned him and Icarus in the labyrinth too. Deadalus made wings of wax in order to escape. They managed to escape and to fly away. However Deadalus told Icarus not to fly too close to the sun but Icarus disobeyed his father and his wings melted. The sea where he fell was named Icarion Sea after him and the island Hercules discovered his body was named Icaria.
III Heroes, heroines & other symbolic figures
Stories about a Spanish Heroe:
The description of Leszek I The White (Greek interpretation) Leszek I the White (1186-1227) was Prince of Sandomierz and High Duke of Poland from 1194 until his assassination in 1227. He was the eldest surviving son of Casimir II the Just and Helen of Znojmo. During his reign, he created a lot enemies that tried to usurp his throne. His position as High Duke was stolen from him 3 times but he always managed to somehow reclaim it. Leszek was a handsome man. By the looks of things, he was of plump weight, but that is perhaps of the heavy clothing he constantly wore. He had golden hair that lightly brushed his shoulders and in addition to that, large dark green eyes that seemed to shine brightly in the light, accompanied by a unique jawline. He was not a completely stable ruler. Even though he showed a lot of promise, he was strict and demanding and perhaps a drunk. That was maybe because his father died very early in his life. His demise probably affected him psychologically, and had a huge impact on his behavior and ruling. His controversial actions in his reign deemed him unreliable to the people of Poland, who didnâ€™t have much faith in him. Despite all that though, he was able to lead his country at war against the Rusâ€™ and come out victorious. His reign ended abruptly with his tragic death at the age of 41. He was assassinated by his enemies in Poland.
The description of Leszek I The White, cd. In a nutshell, was Leszek a good ruler? Yes and no. One could say that he had not matured enough. That had he lived longer, gotten over his fatherâ€™s death and become wiser, he wouldâ€™ve made a great leader. But for the major things he did, he was not a bad ruler at all. It is just that he couldâ€™ve done many more things but he had much more to learn. Unfortunately, his enemies prevented him from showing off his true skills and letting him fully grasp the concept of being the leader of a nation. A sad story really, of a man who showed great promise.
Leszek’s speech to the Athenians of today Hello most admired Athenians! I am Leszek I, the Prince of Sandomierz. I have been invited to participate in the commemoratial event organized by the Municipality of Attiki in order to celebrate the 2500year-anniversary of the existence of Athens, the capital of Greece. I am going to talk to you about the problems of contemporary Athens and some possible solutions seen from the viewpoint of an admirer of ancient Greece, myself. The first topic of my speech is going to be about the environmental problems of your city and their solutions. as well as. The second topic is going to be about the problem of poverty and homeless people. Last but not least, I would like to discuss the significance of culture and traditions for a nation throughout the centuries. Like almost every other European city, Athens suffers from air and land pollution as well as lack of greenery. To begin with, air and land pollution can be caused by vehicles and factories. These emit harmful substances and CO2 (carbon dioxide) in the atmosphere. You may know that atmospheric pollution is called “smog”. The presence of these substances in the atmosphere can cause adverse health effects in living organisms and ecosystems, such as the greenhouse effect.
Besides, another serious matter is litter. It is almost everywhere around the city. Also, the factories throw their toxic wastes in rivers, lakes and many times they bury them under the ground. All these provoke land pollution. The land pollution causes the pollution of solid and water, and provokes disturbances in flora and fauna. Furthermore, Athens suffers from lack of greenery. This causes a suffocating effect on people who live here, but also on tourists who form a bad impression about Greece. Moreover, the lack of greenery in big cities has as a result the lack of fresh air, so many people suffer from health problems. Simultaneously, you must think of ways to solve the serious problem of pollution and lack of greenery. Some of the possible solutions, my dear Athenians, might be the following. Environmental education is the one that could help change the current system of values about environmental issues and improve them. It could act as a spearhead for social change and be able to inoculate young people with new ideas, new attitudes and new morals to suit the growing needs of man and nature in order to build a better future for the whole planet. One way to solve the matter of air pollution is to reduce the amount of cars, so people will use more their bikes and means of transport. Additionally, you should try to limit land pollution. A way is to put in roads more garbage cans, so as to encounter the problem of litter.
Also, you can apply the ecological decomposition of trash, which is used in many European countries as well as to apply more the recycling process. Finally, about the lack of greenery, you should reduce the construction of new buildings and plant new trees. You should limit the cutting of trees and find other ways to produce timber. In addition to this, you should create new parks. Another serious problem of your city is the economic crisis, the result of which is poverty. Poor people are forced to abandon their houses because of lack of money and job. This leads to many people having to live in the center of Athens or anywhere else with their families. Usually they live under harsh conditions which means no food, no medicines, being exposed to cold. As I was told, in winter most of them search for a peaceful and safe place to sleep at night and keep their bodies warm. I was astonished to see an increasing number of homeless people on the pavements of your city. Something must urgently be done for this matter. As far as culture is concerned, it is of high significance for a nation because it calls back the values which have declined. It helped our country to stand out among others, it helps people remember the facts which happened in the past. Without it people wouldnâ€™t be able to recognize themselves. Through tradition each nation can achieve coherence and successful creativity.
Well, greetings from me! Farewell my dear friends. I am deeply moved for the opportunity that I had to talk to you and the chance to finally discover the beauty of your country. I hope what I said will sensitize you and next time that I will visit your country it will be even better than it was.
All the 76 students who have worked very hard to create this Issue of the Teen Magazine, which are as follows:
Djamila, Chabani, Jim, Ramya, John, Alexis, Catherine, Martyna, Abdel, Juan, Juan, Mathieu, Pauline, Antony, Brice, Daniel, Kamel, Nefeli, Patrick, Mariam, Labros, Elena, Gonzalo, Sergio, Al. Amine, Soumayat, Marta, Ewelina, Anastasia, Aris, Jim, Chris, Joanna, Christine, Karim, Vladimir, Aristotelis, Maciej, Yvenson, Vasia, Christian, Issam, Dany, Florian, Haris, Nikoleta, Manuel, Weronika, Apostolis, Weronika, Georgia, Jerome, Inma, Faycal, Manal, Adrien, Belen, Ignacio, Fernando, Sara, Younes, Marine, Sophia, PaweĹ‚, Nina, Marta, Ewa, Imane, Emilio, Antonio, Alexandros, Patrycja, Ernest, Piotr, Bouchra, Moliere and the five teachers coordinating their Teams:
Christina, Concepcion, Anna, Elpida & Kasia.
This magazine is part of a student project made for the eTwinning European program. No commercial use is intended for the contents of this publication.