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BIOPLASTICS

2013 Juliette Pepin

92 Experiments on Bio-plasticity


BIOPLASTICS

2013 Juliette Pepin

92 Experiments on Bio-plasticity


VISUAL RESEARCH I gathered different visual informations concerning plasticity and bioplastic. From the use of plasitc to its texture, but also consequences, I made a clear visual mapping of the "context" to work in.


USES OF PLASTIC OBJECTS TRANSPORT PROTECT CONTAIN COVERS ELECTRONIC

Everyday objects, Toys, Designs, jewelery, ... Mobility objects (car interior, Manufactured pieces.) Food packaging, Health packaging, any packaging. Cups, Buckets, One use cutlery, Throwable objects. Fake lather, Plastic sheets, Sky, Latex. Circuits, Components, Case, Cables....


CONSEQUENCES ECOLOGICAL Plastic takes more then decades to disappear. Clear consequences such as the plastic soup, plastic Islands, poisoning of the fauna and flaura. HEALTH ` A long therm exposition to plastic can be cancergene.Highly inflamable causes a lot of accidents. PRODUCTION Mass production uses a lot of cheap weak plastics;


FIRST CONTACT I started by gathering recipes on open sources websites, as well as youtube, or the materiality network. I choose the one that came out the most, based on potatoe starch. I just combined the reciepe with different materiality aspect I am triggerd by, meaning texture, flexibility, strengh, color. And I also combined it with concrete in reason of an actual personnal interest. This first contact left me slightly septical when I looked back on the results, because of its limitations, and also a use of bad materials (I didn't had glycerine and used manzena instead of potatoe starch). Hopefully, the group meeting did me good in the way that it opened my research to way more possibilities within the material such as combining it with spices, but also to work on bigger scales, shapes...

BASIC RECIPE 1/ x Manzena 3/ x Water 1/2 x Vinegar 1/2 x Gelatine


Basic recipe. Basic recipe adding sugar.

Basic

Basic recipe adding soda powder. Basic recipe adding gelatine.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Fast. strange since other exp. did not.

Neutral. Good.

OK Slabby

Good

Touch

Basic recipe with more starch.

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Ok. A bit Rough Average Yellowish

Average

Sticky

Not usable

Average Yellowish

Average

Sticky

Usable

Ok. A bit Rough Average Yellowish

Average

Sticky

Not usable

Soda pouder

Good/none

Neutral. Good.

OK Slabby

Ok

More starch

Fast. strange since other exp. did not.

Neutral. Good.

OK Slabby

Good

Sugar

Good/none

Neutral. Good.

Weak

Really Flexible

Nice. Flabby

Average Yellowish

Average

Sticky

Not usable

Gelatine

Good/none

Neutral. Good.

Weak

Really Flexible

Nice. Flabby

Average Yellowish

Average

Sticky

Not usable

Smooth


Basic recipe Adding Red ink. Basic recipe adding concrete.

Moist

Basic recipe adding Yellow ink. Basic recipe on a layer of cncrete.

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Basic recipe adding blue ink. Basic Recipe adding milk and vinegar.

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Red ink

Slow

Ok almost no

OK Slabby

Ok

Ok. A bit Rough Average Red

Bad

Shrink and moves while drying

Not usable

yellow ink

Slow

Ok almost no

OK Slabby

Ok

Ok. A bit Rough Average Yellow

Bad

Shrink and moves while drying

Not usable

blue ink

Slow

Ok almost no

OK Slabby

Ok

Ok. A bit Rough Average Blue

Bad

Shrink and moves while drying

Not usable

Concrete

Good/none

Ok almost no

Really strong

None

Nicely rough

Organic grey

Nice texture

Really good

Usable

layer of concrete

Good/none

Ok almost no

Really strong

None

Nicely rough

organic stonish

OK

Moves when dries

Not usable

Milk and Vinegar

Good/none

Unpleasant

Really strong

None

Nicely rough

Deep Black

Nice texture

Ok

Usable


STARCH FOCUS Those experiment, as the title said, are focused on the starch. For those I worked in a really intuitive but organised way. First I compared ways of drying, then I modified the basic recipe, and I tried to combine the recipe with different elements that I found in my kitchen. The combining part was the most exiting, I got really triggered by the natural colors you can get out of differents spices but also everyday goods such as coffee or thee. I worked also on ways to make it stronger with concrete, or talc. The textured aspect really satisfied me, but the limitations of casting became more and more frustrating.

BASIC RECIPE 1/ x Starch 4/ x Water 1/2 x Vinegar 1/2 x Glycerol


Basic recipe in microwave. Basic recipe in oven.

Basic recipe deep fried. Basic recipe without vinegar.

Basic recipe dried with fresh air. Basic recipe adding salt.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Microwave

No

No

Good

Good

Nice and rough

Shiny transparent

Good

Shrink and moves while drying

Usable

Fried

No

Oily

OK

Ok

Greasy

Yellowish

Nice pattern

Limited. Shrinks. Holes

Not usable

Fresh air

No

No

The thicker the stronger

The thicker the less

OK, better when thin

Transparent

Ok

Shrink and moves while drying. When thin moves less

Usable

Oven

No

Oily

Good

Ok

Greasy

Transparent slightly yellow

Random

Limited. Shrinks.

Not Usable

Without Vinegar

No

No

Ok. Good

Good

Smooth

White. Mat.

Good

Moves a little when dries

Usable

Salt

A little

Like rotten potatoe

Ok. Good

Random

Rough. Dirty

White. Grey. Green

Bad

Moves a little when dries

Usable


Basic recipe without glycerol. Basic recipe adding cane sugar.

Basic recipe adding monosodium glutane. Basic recipe adding soja sauce.

Basic recipe adding sugar. Basic recipe adding curry powder.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

No Glycerol

No

No

Terrible

No

Rough

White. Transparent

Crsytalic

Shrink and moves while drying

Not usable

Monosodium Glutane

No

No

Ok. Weak

Good

Crumbly.

Slightly Yellow

Random

Ok. Shrinks a bit

Not usable. But keep the propretties in mind.

Sugar

No

No

Good

Ok

Rough one side. Smooth other side.

Transparent

Random

Shrink and moves while drying.

Not usable

Cane Sugar

No

No

Good

Good

Smooth. Pleasant

Skin. Orange nuanced. Beautiful

Good

Shrink and moves while drying.

Usable

Soja

A little

Soja

Good

Good

Smooth. Soft

Dark Brown. Caramel.

Beautiful

Shrink and moves while drying.

Not usable

Curry

No

Curry

Ok

Bad

Smooth. Pleasant. A bit rough

Orange, Yellow's nuances. Goldish

Beautiful

Shrink and moves while drying.

Usable


Basic recipe adding sumac. Basic recipe adding talc and more starch.

Basic recipe adding thee Basic recipe adding talc.

Basic recipe adding coffee. Basic recipe adding a lot of coffee.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Thee

No

Slightly

Good

Good

Nice and smooth

Caramel nuances

Good

Shrink and moves while drying

Usable

Sumac

No

Slightly

Really good

Random

Smooth a bit rough

Pinkish with grains

Good

Shrink and moves while drying

Usable

Coffee

No

No

Good

Ok

Rough

Brown slightly transparent yellowish

Good

Shrink and moves while drying

Usable

Talc

No

No

Strong but breakable

No

Really soft

White opac Ivory

Good

Shrink and moves while drying

Usable

Talc and Glycerol

No

Slightly

Breakable

Bad

Random

White. Mat.

Bad

Breaks when dries

Not usable

Lots of coffee

A little

Slightly

Good but breakable

Bad

Rough buy smooyh

Deep brown

Good

Shrink and moves while drying

Usable


Basic recipe adding coffee and less starch. Basic recipe adding concrete.

Basic recipe adding blue pigment.

Basic recipe adding yellow paint Ovened.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Blue pigment

No

No

Bad

Bad

Bad

Deep Blue

Bad

Self degrades whend dries

Not usable

Coffee less starch

No

No

Bad

Bad

Bad

Dark brown

Bad

Self degrades whend dries

Not usable

Yellow paint Ovened

No

No

Bad

Bad

Bad

Yellow

Bad

Self degrades whend dries

Not Usable

Concrete

No

No

Really Good

No

Rough

Grey Greenish

Random

Breaks if too hot

Not usable since it's just the concrete reaction


GELATINE:/ / AGAR AGAR I got a really repulsive reaction toward those recipe. First for its small functional propreties. I didn't saw any possibilities out of this material, because of its fast moisting, but also the fact that it's extremely weak and fragile. All of those, made my first experiments pretty much look like nothing I could use in the future. But instead of leting it be, I decided to work again on it, and combine it with starch. It gave to the basic recipe of starch way more flexibility and also a smoother texture. I decided to live the gelatine behind, but figured out that the agar agar is for shure usable.

BASIC RECIPE GELATINE / AGAR AGAR 1/ x Gelatine 4/ x Water 1/2 x Vinegar 1/2 x Glycerol

1/ x Agar Agar 4/ x Water 1/2 x Vinegar 1/x Starch


Basic recipe. Basic recipe microwaved.

Basic recipe adding agar agar. Basic recipe adding dried bamboo.

Basic recipe adding more starch. Basic recipe adding coffee.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Basic

No

Bad

Ok

Good

Sticky

Shiny green

Bad

Sticks

Not usable

Agar Agar

No

Bad

Ok

Good

Glummy

Green

Bad

Shrink and moves while drying

Not usable

No

Bad

Good

Good

Good

Mat green

Bad

Shrink and moves while drying

Not usable

Microwaved

No

No

Strong but breakable

No

Rough

Green, caramelised brown

Bad

Shrink and moves while drying

Not usable

Bamboo

Yes

Nauseus

Bad

Ok

Greasy

Brown greenish

Bad

Moist, expand

Not usable

Nauseus

Bad

Bad

Discusting

Deep brown

Terrible

Moist, expand

Not usable

Starch

Coffee

Terribly


Basic recipe adding agar agar and starch casted.

Basic recipe casted.

Basic recipe more starch, casted.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Starch, casted

Yes

Bad

Weak

Ok

Glummy

Soft Green

Dirty

Self degrades whend dries

Not usable

Casted

Yes

Bad

Weak

Ok

Glummy

Transparent shiny green

Ok

Expands when out of the molt

Not usable

Agar, starch, casted

Yes

Bad

Weak

Bad

Bad

Soft Green

Bad

Expands when out of the molt

Not Usable


Basic recipe pummice powder microwave. Basic recipe sugar ocre powder.

Basic recipe adding starch ocre powder. Basic recipe sugar microwaved.

Basic starch microwaved. Basic recipe sesamee seeds.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Pummice powder

No

A bit

Weak

Breaks

Soft, sandy

Nice powdery grey

Good

Breaks while drying

Not usable

Starch, Ocre powder

No

No

Good

Good

Soft, Hard

Organic Orange

Good

Shrink and moves while drying

Usable

Starch Microwaved

No

No

Good

Good

Shiny soft plasticy

Transparent

Good

Shrink and moves while drying

Usable

Sugar, Ocre powder

No

No

Weak, Bouncy

A little

Watery,greasy

Soft Orange

Random

Breaks and moves while drying

Not usable

Sugar Microwaved

No

No

Good

Good

Greasy, sticky, watery

Transparent

Ok

Shrink and moves while drying

Not usable

Sesamee seeds.

No

Sesamee

Ok

Ok

Nice, crumbly

Brown, Beige

Good

Good

Usable


Basic recipe blue pig. more agar microwaved. Basic recipe ocre powder.

Basic recipe agar agar microwaved. Basic recipe Blue pigment.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Blue Pig. Agar Microwavedmice powder

No

A bit

Ok

Spongy

Agar Microwaved

No

No

Ok

Good

Latex

Blue pigment

No

No

Weak

Random

Ocre powder

No

No

The thicker the stronger

Blue pigment

No

No

Pummice powder

No

Sesamee

Touch

Basic recipe blue pigment. Basic recipe pummice powder.

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Good

Melts while heated

Usable

Transparent

Good

Good casting, a bit of bubbles

Usable

Shiny soft plasticy

Mat clear Blue

Ok

Shrink and moves while drying

Not usable

Good

Soft, Like a plastic foild

Deep orange

Good

Doesnt move too much while drying

Usable

Good

Good

Soft, Like a plasShiny Electric Blue tic foild

Ok

Doesnt move too much while drying

Not usable (colorwise)

Ok

Good

Soft, Like a plastic foild

Good

Doesnt move too much while drying

Usable

Spongy, Watery Burnt Dark Blue

White, Grey


MILK Working with milk was a real discovery. I won't use the result for my projects, but I think it's a material with great potential concerning sustainable material and food packaging. Geting over the repulsive aspect of it, I explored the way to dry it, cast it and combine it with other materials. Unfortunately a lot of the samples moist, but the one that didn't resulted in a really strong material, that keeps well the colors, and is quite easy to shape.

BASIC RECIPE MILK 1 glass/ x Milk 6 T-spoon/ x Vinegar


Basic recipe dried outside. Basic recipe dried on a foil sheet.

Basic recipe dried in an oven. Basic recipe microwave.

Basic recipe dried outside then boiled. Basic recipe casted in a sock.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Dried outside

Fast

Terrible

OK Slabby

None

Greasy

Average Yellow

Bad

Good

Not usable

Dried oven

Fast

Terrible

OK Slabby

None

Greasy

Average Yellow

Bad

Good

Not usable

Boilled

Fast

Terrible

OK Slabby

None

Greasy

Average Yellow

Bad

Good

Not usable

Dried on a foil

Ok

Unpleasant

Weak

Slightly

Greasy

Ivory

Nice texture

Moves when dries

Usable

Microwaved

Good/none

Ok almost no

Weak

None

Triggering organic

Random

Usable

Casted in a sock

Slow but there

Unpleasant

Weak

Almost none

Nice texture

Limited by the sock

Usable

Nicely rough Orangy nuanced Nicely rough

Ivory


Basic recipe casted on a bowl. Basic recipe adding food fibre.

Basic recipe casted in a cup. Basic recipe adding sand.

Basic recipe adding coffee. Basic recipe adding red condrete.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Color

Outlook

Slow but there

Unpleasant

Weak

Slightly

Greasy

Average Yellow

Average

Casted cup

Fast

Terrible

OK bit weak

Slightly

Greasy

Average Yellow

Bad

Coffee

Good/none

Terrible

Falling appart

None

Soft

Dark brown

Bad

Food fibre

Good/none

Terrible

OK Slabby

Bouncy

Unpleasant

Organic Beige

Average

Disintegrates

Not usable

Sand

Good/none

Terrible

Strong

None

Nicely rough

Ivory Grey

Triggering Precious

OK

Usable

Red concrete

Slow but there

Terrible

Ok slabby

Bouncy

Nicely rough

Red ocre

Attractive

Shrinks

Not usable

Casted bowl

Casting Ok Moves a lot when dries Bad

CCL Usable Not usable Not usable


Basic recipe adding marine blue pigment. Basic recipe adding concrete.

Basic recipe adding cumin.

Basic recipe adding ocre pigment.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Cumin

Ok

Ok

Good

None

Nice rough

Average Brown: Yellow

Bad

Good

Not usable

Blue pigment

Ok

Terrible

Weak

None

Nice rough

Deep Blue

Ok

Good

Usable

Ocre pigment

Fast

Terrible

Weak

None

Nice rough

Pink ocre

Bad

Bad

Not usable

Concrete

Fast

Terrible

Ok slabby

None

Nice rough

Average grey

Bad

Disintegrate

Not usable


FIBRES Working with fibres combined with bioplastic (based on starch) was the most exiting part of my research. I got really triggered by the new and unusual materials you can get out of it. unexpected textures, organic colors. All of that drove me to new possibilities of projects. My beach object project came out of the sand research for example. Combining fibres is also a way to "recycle" fibres such as coffee waste, but also hairs, and even paper watse. Wich makes it even more sustainable.

BASIC RECIPE FIBRE 1/ x Starch 4/ x Water 1/ x Fibre 1/2 x Vinegar 1/2 x Glycerol


Basic recipe adding sand. Basic recipe adding sand casted.

Basic recipeadding red concrete. Basic recipe adding mud.

Basic recipe adding concrete. Basic recipe adding concrete casted.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Sand

Slightly

Sand slightly moist

Random

None

Nicely Rough

Grey Beige

Good

Good

Usable

Red Concrete

No

None

Random

None

It really feels like plastic

Brick Orange

Good

Random

Usable

Concrete

No

None

Random

None

Rough

Grey Greenish

Radom

Good

Not usable

Casted sand

No

Sand

None

Nicely Rough

Grey Beige

Good

Good

Usable

Mud

Lots, Fast

Moist

None

Repulsive

Crazy color range of moist

Good

Random

Not usable

Casted Concrete

None

None

Random Weak Extremely Weak Extremely Strong

None

Rough

Grey Greenish

Ok

Good

Not usable


Basic recipe adding paper ashes. Basic recipe dried on a foil paper.

Basic recipe adding paper flat cast. Basic recipe adding wood waste cleaned.

Basic recipe adding paper concrete and thee. Basic recipe adding paper casted..

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Fast

Moist Unpleasant

Weak

None

Repulsive

Moisted colors

Ok

Bad

Not usable

None

None

Good

None

Rough

Grey Stone

Good

Ok

Usable

Paper Thee and Concrete

No

Thee

Good

None

Rough smooth

Organic yellow brown

Good

Good

Usable

Paper

None

None

Good

None

Rough

Grey stone

Good

Ok

Usable

Wood Waste

Little

Slighlty

Ok

None

smooth, rogh, woodish

Pale yelow, orangy

Good

Good

Usable

Casted Paper

None

None

Good

None

Nicely rough

Grey Stone

Good

Shrinks a little bit

Usable

Ashes Paper Flat Casted


Basic recipe combined with knitt. Basic recipe comb. with knitt casted..

Basicadding human hairs. Basic recipe adding oats and talc casted.

Basic recipecombined with textile. Basic recipe comb. with thights casted.

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Flexibility

Touch

Color

Outlook

Casting

CCL

None

Ok

Ok, Bit weak

None

Soft and rough

Depending on the knitt

Good

Moves and shrinks when dries

Usable

Fast

Bad

Random

Repulsive

Pink skinish

Repulsive because of the moist

Ok

Not usable

Combined textile

None

Ok

Good

Good

Soft

Depending on the textile

Good

Moves when dries

Usable

Knitt casted

None

None

Good

None

Depends on the knitt

Depends on the knitt

Good

Good

Usable

Oast and talc

Good/none

None

Ok a bit weak

None

Good

Good

Usable

Tights Casted

None

None

Ok

None

Random

Moves a bit

Not usable

Knitt Human Hairs

Ok

Extremely soft White, Off white Rough

Pink Brown


Basic recipe combined with felting.

Basic recipe combined with textile fibre. Basic recipe combined with felt on the surface.

Flexibility

Basic recipe combined with felt microwaved..

Touch

Color

Ok

Soft Fiberish

Depend on the felt

Ok

Ok

Smooth

White off white

Slightly

Ok

None

Rough

None

Ok slightly weak

Slightly

Soft

Moist

Smell

Strengh

Felting

Some

Slightly

Good

Textile Fibre

Some

Unpleasant

Microwaed felt

None

Fibre on the surface

None

Depends on the felt Depends on the felt

Outlook

Casting

CCL

Ok

Good

Not usable

Ok

Good

Not usable

Ok

Ok

Not usable

Good, look like Good, moves animal skin a bit

Usable


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