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CHINESE INVENTIONS


Ricardo Mateos

THE ABACUS

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://webpages.charter.net/BrianOtte/ encyclopedia_project/a/pictures/abacus/fig5.gif&imgrefurl=http://webpages.cha rter.net/BrianOtte/encyclopedia_project/a/abacus.html&usg=__3q-­‐

Uses In parts of the world, specifically China, the abacus is still in use. It is common to see                                http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://chinadigitaltimes.net/wp-­‐

History The abacus, a Chinese invention from the 14th century, is one of the most important mathematical developments of all time. The inventor of this calculator is unknown, but the first record of an abacus was from a sketch in a book of the Yuan Dynasty. The name for this invention in Chinese is “Suan Pan” which translates to calculating plate. The abacus is known as the first computer, because it was used as a mathematical model for early electronic data processors. This early calculator is especially used in places where electricity is not convenient. This adding machine is still being used today because of it’s advantages, one of them is that calculations are immediate; all that has to be done is read the answer. Bibliography   “The  Abacus.”  Computer  Museum.  System  Source.  March  3,  2011.   <http://www.syssrc.com/html/museum/html/abacus.html    “Abacus.”  Encyclopaedia  Brittanica.    15th    Edition.  

vendors and shopkeepers using this mathematical tool for calculations. The reasons for this calculator to still be popular nowadays are that it can be used to multiply, divide, add, and subtract and it does not need

.03

Quisque at all. In fact, some electricity

elderly persons prefer to use an abacus instead of other devices. If an abacus is used correctly it can still compete to modern mechanical calculating machines. The abacus is such a wonderful

.05

Integer that it is still in use invention today, even though it was invented in the 14th century.


N I C O L E

O B R E G O N 2 0 1 1

M A R C H

1 0 ,

Acupuncture Chinese Invention

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History

What is acupuncture? The Chinese invented acupuncture more than 5,000 years ago. Acupuncture is based on the four meridians on he human body. Its said that it relieves pain, infertility, cures disease,

prevents disease, helps general health, or can be used for therapeutic purposes. Each needle is completely clean and sanitary. There are nine types of needles each can function differently when they are used. The first needles were made of stainless. After the needles started to be made out of gold and silver. The differences between needles are he with and its length. Some needles are used for electro-acupuncture witch consists on connecting the needles to electro shocks of a small range to accelerate the process of the needles. Bibliography. Wood, Richard. Great Inventions. Alexandria, VA. Time-Life Books, 1995. Health Benefits of Acupuncture. All 4 Natural Health. 2007-2011. Copyright© 2007-2011. All 4 Natural Health. 10 March 2011.

Acupuncture is the energy found in our body called by the Chinese “chi.” Chinese philosophers spends a lot of time exploring the energy within and without. When the first book of acupuncture was written, it became the most famous medicinal way for all China. In the modern world there are many doctors that specialize in different acupuncture styles. Such as electro-acupuncture and many other new ways in witch acupuncture has evolved in the modern world.


1 2

Anna Gonzalez March 7 2011

UMBRELLA

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://oriental

The Chinese umbrella was created 3,500 years ago. There are many legends about

They used bright and outgoing colors and designs. The

the Chinese umbrellas; Labanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s wife

designs could be of animals, plants, flowers or shapes.

invented them. Luban was an ordinary man

The umbrellas started to spread around the world.

who lived in the country. In ancient China

The umbrellas became a big part of Chinese culture

the umbrella had a special meaning and

since then. They use mostly Chinese animals and

different styles. It was mostly used in

colors..

official ceremonies and rites. For example, weddings or when a person pasted away. All the umbrellas were unique and special when they were first created. The umbrella was not a day to day appliance. That means they would not use it every day and that they had a very different use than we do today.

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgu


C H I N E S E

I N V E N T I O N

Bookmaking Sofia Barbosa 1A March 10, 2011

(usually

individual

letters

or

punctuation). The first movable type http://www.skypoint.com/members/waltzmn/BookMaking.html

The Chinese have been inventing for a very long time. Theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve invented stirrups, the compass, paper, bookmaking, and many more. Book making was a very important Chinese invention. The first people to print books were the Chinese and the Japanese in the sixth century. They printed using the letterpress printing technique. Later on in the eleventh century, the Chinese used the movable type of printing press. These two techniques were very different from each other. The letterpress printing technique involved characters and pictures being engraved on wooden clay or ivory blocks.

printing press was created in China in around 1040 AD during the Song Dynasty. Compared to woodblock printing, movable-type was quicker and

more

durable

for

alphabetic

scripts. The metal type pieces were more durable and the lettering was more uniform.

Bookmaking was a

very important invention that changed the course of history and our world today.

When a paper sheet was pressed against the inked block, the characters were printed on the sheet by the raised areas of the engraving. The movable type of printing press used movable components to reproduce the elements of a document Internet: "Books and Bookmaking." SkyPoint.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Mar. 2011. <http://www.skypoint.com/members/waltzmn/BookMaking.html>. Book: Bender, Lionel. Invention. New York, NY: Eyewitness Books, 1991. Print.

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://ezine.kung fumagazine.com/images/ezine/0811_chineseBOOK.jpg&i mgrefurl=http://www.kungfumagazine.com/ezine/article. php%3Farticle%3D775&usg=__PY6p6ZKCwm8DdWQnz zTNI08RdPg=&h=283&w=420&sz=57&hl=en&start=0&z oom=1&tbnid=naqv70lKiCzyIM:&tbnh= =1&ndsp=23&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:0&tx=61&ty=65


Dalí Aguilera 4B

Chinese Inventions

http://www.sciencebuddies.org/me ntoring/project_ideas/Photo_img01 5.jpg

March 7, 2011

http://westfordcomp.com/classics/traveler/camera.jpg

Camera The Chinese philosopher Mozi (470 BC-391 BC), in the 5th century, he described a pinhole camera by stating that a ‘‘collecting place’’ was an empty hole where an image could be inverted at an interesting point, which affects the size of the image’’. Mo Jing, a philosopher during the 5th century in China, was said to have studied and experimented with phenomena of images projected by a very small hole. A Chinese scientist during the Song Dynasty established the key concepts to the development of the pinhole camera. Originally, the pinhole camera was a room where the image was projected onto one of the walls through an opening in the opposite wall. It was first used to observe the solar eclipse. Then, it became a portable object and it was improved with a converging lens. Ibn al-haytam invented the first modern pinhole camera. Then he realized that a smaller hole produced a sharper image, so when he realized that they made advancements to the camera. I think that the invention of the camera was a great accomplishment because without it, we would not be able to take pictures, to film movies, and many more things that are very important today.

http://image.blog.bitcomet.co m/postpic/20100621/1417050 6_iucrhr100621071958.jpg

Bibliography: Balihar, David. "Pinhole.cz." Pinhole. 2001-2010 <http://www.pinhole.cz/en/pinholecameras/whatis.html>. Yash, Gode. . "Buzzle.com." Who invented the Camera. <http://www.pinhole.cz/en/pinholecameras/whatis.html>. "Junk Worth Knowing." 25 Notable Chinese Inventions. <http://www.pinhole.cz/en/pinholecameras/whatis.html>. Nahshon , Roberts. "Ezine Articles." The Pinhole Camera History. 25 Apr. 2008. <http://ezinearticles.com/?The-Pinhole-Camera-History&id=1133540>. Cooke, David C. Inventions that Made History. New York, Putnam Guaranteed Binding, 1968


Chopsticks

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ges?hl=es&source=hp&q= ks07.jpg&imgrefurl=h ADdo/gKKDgQ0rmwM/s400 chopsticks&gbv=2&aq=f Arturo Herman 7/3/2011 1ª /Chopsticks.jpg&imgrefurl ttp://www.toxel.co &aqi=g3&aql=&oq= =http://fergdawg.blogspo m/inspiration/2010 Chopsticks t.com/2007/08/oh-great/03/25/12-creativeChopsticks were invented in China during the Shang dynasty around 1766-1122 B.C. This is now-its-recycledand-innovativechopsticks.html&usg=__dK a pair of sticks, which are almost alwayschopsticks/&usg=__ wooden sticks and they are used to eat. They are used L3MhQ8UjJZlVwXs3i8Kx_D CjOwya2bWCt_RTR8 mostlyH8s=&h=280&w=280&sz=1 in Asia. When the Chinese culture spread the chopsticks arrived to other countries and OIrogz_810&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1 &tbnid=0LLQoEUQZbQhtM: civilizations. It became a great inventionU=&h=407&w=450&s from the Chinese people. As we know they are the greatest &tbnh=145&tbnw=183&ei= z=75&hl=en&start=0 hzF5TcOOCuma0QG0zcjQA inventors of all time. &zoom=1&tbnid=6f w&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dc A_9gRGpiB1YM:&tb hopsticks%26hl%3Den%26sa Chopsticks are considered as something very important for the Asians. At home they learn fe%3Dactive%26biw%3D102 nh=138&tbnw=153& ei=hzF5TcOOCuma0 how to4%26bih%3D717%26gbv%3D use them since they are little. Each member of the family has their own chopstick, according 2%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1& QG0zcjQAw&prev=/ to theiriact=rc&dur=369&oei=hzF hand size. It has been said that chopsticks help to promote a child’s intellect. Another good images%3Fq%3Dchop 5TcOOCuma0QG0zcjQAw& sticks%26hl%3Den%2 page=1&ndsp=20&ved=1t: thing about chopsticks is that they are completely sanitary. They never touch the mouth of the one 6safe%3Dactive%26b 429,r:10,s:0&tx=106&ty=7 iw%3D1024%26bih%3 who is 5eating. From the thousands of inventions that Chinese invented, chopsticks were one of those

D717%26gbv%3D2%2 6tbs%3Disch:1&itbs= and they are still very important to us today. 1&iact=hc&vpx=618 "Chopsticks." How Products Are Made. 1999. Encyclopedia.com. (March 21, 2011). &vpy=70&dur=3137 &hovh=213&hovw=2 http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-2896800034.html 36&tx=134&ty=135& oei=hzF5TcOOCuma 0QG0zcjQAw&page= 1&ndsp=20&ved=1t: 429,r:3,s:0


Alexander Santamaria

March,16,2011

http://www.google.com/search?client=safari&rls =en&q=compass&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8

Compass Invention The compass is an instrument used to

The compass has been a great

find your way to either north, south, east or

influence to the world and it is still being

west. It is based on earthâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s magnetic field at the

used now a days. The compass helped to

point of observation. The Chinese invented the

find your way if you were lost, it was a

first compass near the years of 221-206 B.C.

great instrument. It also helped people

The first compass was a two-part instrument

discover America and make new trade

one that had all the cardinal points and another

routes that were more efficient. The

that was a metal spoon or something like that.

compass was used the greatest by the

The first person to use the compass to sail in

sailors and people in ships to find their

ships was Wujing Zongyao.

way across the big blue sea. The liquid compass was made for better readability

Bibliography:

and to have more accurate directions. But now days the compass has been replaced

"The Compass." Britanica Encyclopedia. 15th. Vol. a-c. london: britanica encyclopedia inc., jan/23/2010. 235. Print


Eduardo Carregha

March 18 2011

Gunpowder Chinese Discovery

http://www.ancientchinalife.com/an cient-chinese-gunpowder.html

Dates Discovery

850

History First inventions

919

First battle

1126

Manufacture in Europe

1326

Gunpowder was first discovered in the year 850 AD by a group of alchemists. In the year 919 AD weapons were invented like the fire canon, the fireball, the rocket and some small bombs. The first time it was used in a battle was in the year 1126 AD and it took tow men and a horse. As battles went on and gunpowder started spreading all over Asia and to Europe by the Silk Road. In a battle in Spain, Arabs used the fire canon and it was introduced to Europe. In the year 1326 the manufacture in Europe started in Florence and then it was commonly used all over Europe.

Bibliography

http://fathertheo.wordpress.com/20 10/10/08/archaeological-sites-inbritish-columbia-other-dates/

“Gun and Gun powder.” Silk road foundation., Silk road foundation., 2000. Wed.3 Mar 2011. http://www.silkroad.com/artl/gun.shtml

Perkins, Dorothy. “Fireworks and Gunpowder.” Encyclopedia of China. 1. Web. 1 Jan.


The movable print March9,2011

Julia M. Rodrigues

During the Ch'ing-li period (10411048) the printing technique advanced into movable blocks. A man named Pi Sheng had the idea. The process of making a movable block was simple; each piece of movable block had one Chinese character, which was carved in relief on a small block of of clay and glue. The portion that formed the character was as thin as the edge of a small coin, when it was dry you could use it. To use the movable block you had to place the block on an iron plate. Blocks were arranged together in a way that reflected the text of the page to be printed. In the 13-century the blocks were used to print paper money, playing cards and many more things. There are many ways blocks changed the world. In the 13 century when Marco Polo came to China he saw the wonderful invention. He brought that invention back with him to Europe. When it got to Europe, it inspired Johannnes Gutenberg to invent the printing press in the west, although the Chinese printed the first book. Gutenberg printed the first book in the world that was in Latin (The Bible). This invention he made it possible for more people to read books. Before this invention it took people a year or more to write a book. After, it took them less then two months to print the book. Nowadays the blocks are used to make money, cards, stickers, calendars and many more things. They are reuasbles, but the first blocks were not, you had to make a new block every time you wanted to use the word again.

http://ww htt http://www.computersmiths.com/chineseinvention/images/movabletype.comhtt p://www.computersmiths.com/chineseinvention/imag es/movabletypevp://www.computersmiths.com/chine seinvention/images/movabletypehttp://www.compute rsmiths.com/chineseinvention/images/movabletype.jp g&imgrefurl=http://www.computersmiths.com/chines einvention/movtype.htm&usg=__l87vou7YHG92i7ZD _oozcpwkS60=&h=225&w=300&sz=14&hl=en&start= 0&zoom=1&tbnid=njv-a3vngKaGM:&tbnh=138&tbnw=184&ei=_jB5TejDCs2Dtgfe0 7DnBg&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmovable%2Bprint%2 6um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26client% 3Dsafari%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Den%26biw%3D1024% 26bih%3D717%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact= rc&dur=501&oei=wDB5TcrNFKGM0QGv1GHBA&page=1&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:0&tx=20 &ty=59w.computersmiths.com/chineseinvention/imag es/movabletype.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.computers www.damoselsprintersblocks.com miths.com/chineseinvention/movtype.htm&usg=__l87 vou7YHG92i7ZD_oozcpwkS60=&h=225&w=300&sz =14&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=njv-a3vngKaGM:&tbnh=138&tbnw=184&ei=_jB5TejDCs2Dtgfe0 BibliographyRhoda Cahn and William Cahn The Story of writing New York, Harvely House 7DnBg&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmovable%2Bprint%2 inc,1963 6um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26client% 3Dsafari%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Den%26biw%3D1024% B-Robert K.G. "The Invention of the Movable Print." Computersmiths. Simon and 26bih%3D717%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact= Schuster,. Web. 3 Mar. 2011. <www.computersmiths.com/chineseinvention/movtype.htm>. rc&dur=501&oei=wDB5TcrNFKGM0QGv1GHBA&page=1&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:0&tx=20 &ty=59


the

M A R C H 1 3   2 0 1 1  

Chinese coin     Leo  Justus  

Chinese  Coin  Invention  

www.discountmagic.co.uk Chinese  cash  coins  originated  from  the  barter  of   farming  tools  and  agricultural  products.  Following  the   unification  of  China  by  Qin  Shi  Huang,  the  most  common   coin  was  the  round-­‐shaped  copper  coin  with  a  square  or   circular  hole  in  the  center.  The  hole  allowed  the  coins  to  be   strung  together.  The  more  coins  on  the  string  increased  the   value.  Over  time,  the  coins  kept  changing  shapes  and   models.  Today  the  coins  are  solid  but  they  preserve  their   beautiful  designs.      

http://www.com putersmit hs.com/ch ineseinven tion/coins. htm

BIBLIOGRAPHY  

The C  hinese   invented  many  items:   the  sword  and  games,   such  as  dominoes,  but   one  vary  interesting   invention  is  money,   especially  coins.  The   ancient  Chinese  coins  are   different  to  other   cultures  in  the  world,   because  these  coins  have   a  hole  in  the  middle.     Many  of  them  have   different  shapes  and   letters  around  the  edges.   Before  the  invention  of   coins,  there  was  paper   money.  Cash  was  a   common  currency  in   China  and  East  Asia  since   the  2nd  century,  BC  until  

Safra, Jacob.   Britanica.   Chicago,   2010.     http://www.coinnews.net/wp-­‐ content/images/2009/2009-­‐Chinese-­‐ Commemorative-­‐Silver-­‐Gold-­‐Panda-­‐ Coins.jpg  


THE KITE Costantino Enriquez

ttp://www.chinatownconnection.com/chinese-kiteshistory.htm

http://www.chinainfoonline.com/C hineseArtsCrafts/The_Kite.htm

http://chinese-new-year-cards.blogspot.com

The kite was made in China 3000 years ago. They were made of bamboo and silk. They say that the kite was invented first because of a farmer that was in a very strong wind and to prevent his hat from blowing away he tied it up and that is how they say it was created. The earliest known kite flight was about 200 B.C. when the Chinese General Han Hsin of the Han Dynasty flew a kite over the walls of a city he was attacking to measure how far his army would have to tunnel to reach past the defenses. In the fifth century B.C.,a kite maker named Kungshu P'an made a bird shaped kite which could fly for a long period of time. Kites used in 1232 A.D. flew messages over Mongol lines. Kites fitted with hooks were used for fishing, and kites with strings and whistles made musical sounds while flying. Chinese built many colorful kites for fun and they were widely used in religious ceremonies. Later on they made more sophisticated kites that could measure water.

The Kite“. Computer smith

“ Kite“.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

http://www.computersmiths.com/chineseinvention/kite.htm

.

BritanicaEncyclopedia. Ross Frank. 1st ed.


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life-skills.html

http://www.martialarthistory.com/

http://en.wiki2buy.com/wiki/Martial_Arts

Martial Arts I&:.'+!Y$+00#0!

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Bibliography Bibliography for book: Platt, Richard. Inventions. London: Dorling Kindersly, 1994 Bibliography for website: “The Martial Arts- Belt from east.” FactMonster. 2007. Pearson Education. 3 March, 2011. <www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0769878.html VWBVQMX6< ''8(%$#%&.06 6& :U %. T( < .%.1:. 31&(%.:U,) )%%,STT33 ! ), , (1 <#$%&#'6#$%

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The Mechanical Clock

http://myecoach.com/modules/custombuilder/popup_pr intable.php?id=17268

http://library.thinkquest.or g/23062/mclock.html

Where would we be today with out clocks? Making this mechanical clock was one of the greatest steps forward of the human race. The mechanical clock was invented in China in the eighth century. The Mechanical clock was a very important to the humans like what would we be with out a clock. The difficulties to build the mechanical clock were to figure out away in which a wheel no bigger than a room could turn at the same speed as the earth, but still be turning more or less continuously. If that could happen, then the wheel will become a mini earth and could tell the time. Yi Xiang a Buddhist monk, made the first model of a mechanical clock in 725 AD. The Su Snug’s great ‘Cosmic Engine‘ of 1092 was 35 feet high and at the top was a power driven sphere for observing the positions of the stars. The power of turning it was transmitted from the dripping water by a chain drive. The mechanical came to the west by way of traders. The mechanical clock was one of the greatest inventions of the medieval world.


The Mechanical Clock

http://myecoach.com/modules/custombuilder/popup_pr intable.php?id=17268

http://library.thinkquest.or g/23062/mclock.html

Where would we be today with out clocks? Making this mechanical clock was one of the greatest steps forward of the human race. The mechanical clock was invented in China in the eighth century. The Mechanical clock was a very important to the humans like what would we be with out a clock. The difficulties to build the mechanical clock were to figure out away in which a wheel no bigger than a room could turn at the same speed as the earth, but still be turning more or less continuously. If that could happen, then the wheel will become a mini earth and could tell the time. Yi Xiang a Buddhist monk, made the first model of a mechanical clock in 725 AD. The Su Snug’s great ‘Cosmic Engine‘ of 1092 was 35 feet high and at the top was a power driven sphere for observing the positions of the stars. The power of turning it was transmitted from the dripping water by a chain drive. The mechanical came to the west by way of traders. The mechanical clock was one of the greatest inventions of the medieval world.


A L I N E

I B A R R A

Nail Polish

Michelle Menard invented nail polish in china around 3000 B.C at that time the color of a persons nails indicated their social rank. Chinese combined gum Arabic, egg white, gelatin, and beeswax to create varnishes, enamels, and lacquers. The royal colors for fingernails were for a lot of yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s black and red, even though that in the earlier times at the Chou dynasty gold and silver was the one they could use. Women of lower rank were let only to use pale colors, and would never dare to use the same color as the king or queen. For the Egyptian man they were permitted to use two sported painted nails. Painting their fingernails and toenails was already an established art. Wellmanicured nails became a symbol of culture and civilization.

The nail polish was a great invention because a lot of people use it now in days. The formula of the nail polish has been changed a little through out the years. Now in days everyone is permitted to use the color they want in their nails. Now many people use it and love it.


Chinese Invention: Paper Camila Migoya Fernandez

At the beginning of the Chinese appearance, paper did not exist. It was after, when the head of the Imperial Workshops, Cai Lun, invented it in A.D. 105. It took almost 3000 years to come up with paper. The first paper was made from silk rags. Later, however, fibrous materials such as bamboo, hemp and mulberry bark where also used as paper. Before the paper- making process could begin, the raw material was softened in water, to make it easier to work with. Later on, it was boiled and pressed to make a pulp. To make a sheet of paper, a fine screen was dipped into the pulp to gather thin film of fibers. The screen was pressed to remove the water, then they left it to dry on a heated wall for many hours. Then, after the hours the finished paper was peeled off the screen and cut into the wished size. Paper was very important. It is very useful to make books, newspapers and magazines. It contributed to the world and we still use it today. Thanks to the Chinese people’s intellect, we now have something to write on. It has been a very good contribution.

March 2011

http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/literature/paper.htm

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://intechweb.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/don gba-paper-making-

Here, a man pressing the raw material to make a pulp. Bibliography: “Paper University” Tappi. 2001. March 3, 2011. <http://www.tappi.org/paper/all_about_paper/paperHistory.ht m Correrell, Athour. China. London: A Dorkling Kindersley Book, 1994.


http://www.warrior-conce pts-online.com/

life-skills.html

http://www.martialarthistory.com/

http://en.wiki2buy.com/wiki/Martial_Arts

Martial Arts Nicole Brennan  

Martial arts  have  spread  all  over  China.  It  was  based  on  self-­‐defense,  hunting  techniques  and   military  training.  Legend  tells  that  Martial  arts  originated  in  the  Xia  Dynasty  and  has  been  around  for   nearly  4,000  years!  The  Emperor  of  the  yellow  valley  was  said  to  have  introduced  the  first  methods  of   fighting.    There  is  more  than  one  type  of  Martial  art.  In  China  there  are  more  than  one  type  of  Martial  Arts.    Kung  Fu,  Northern  and  southern   Shaolin  boxing  and  Tai  chi.  One  of  the  first  to  ever  exist  was  the  Shaolin  style.  There  is  proof  that  it  was   used  in  728  CE.    It  was  used  in  the  defense  of  Shaolin  monastery  and  in  the  battle  of  Hulao  in  621  CE.   Martial  arts  has  been  around  for  a  long  time  and  is  still  being  taught  and  used  all  over  the  world.  

Bibliography Bibliography for book: Platt, Richard. Inventions. London: Dorling Kindersly, 1994 Bibliography for website: “The Martial Arts- Belt from east.” FactMonster. 2007. Pearson Education. 3 March, 2011. <www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0769878.html -­‐m n-­‐3903675 -­‐illustratio .com/stock o ot ph ck w.isto http://ww s.php martial-­‐art

ixed-­‐


Sebastian Fernandez 1A

The Seismograph (Chinese Invention) In the ancient times the Chinese were very civilized and advanced compared to other cultures, they were amazingly intelligent and creative people. They discovered, created, and invented many of the things we use today. One very important contribution was the seismograph that consisted in an instrument that could register the occurrence of an earthquake. A Chinese scientist called Chang Heng made it around the year 132 A.D. Chang Heng’s invention was called the dragon jar do to the dragon jar that was a cylindrical jar with eight dragonheads arranged around its edge in the top; each dragon had a ball in its mouth. Around the foot of the jar were eight frogs, each below a dragonhead. When an earthquake occurred a ball dropped from a dragon's mouth and it was caught by the frog's mouth. After receiving such an important contribution for mankind today the best scientists changed and modified some things to make it better and precise.

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://w ww.echinaexpat.com/Portals/0/eChinaImage/Sei smograph1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.echinaexp at.com/ArticlesArchive/tabid/63/articleType/Arti cleView/articleId/6/An-Ancient-Chinas-

Something’s that were modified of the seismograph were that now the seismograph is a kind of system or computer that measures the magnitude and the strength of an earthquake. The magnitude is expressed in whole numbers and decimal fractions. So when there is an earthquake the seismograph records the magnitude of an http://slohs.slcusd.org/pages/teachers/ rhamley/Plate%20Tectonics/seismogra earthquake. This has helped us today by finding ph.html ways to evacuate before an earthquake and for better understanding about Bibliography: earthquake. It also helps us to find ways of reducing damages, injuries, "Seismograph." Asian inventions and discoveries and Chinese inventions and discoveries. Inventors Assistance League., 8 Feb. 1995. Web. 17 Mar. and deaths. This is one of the many 2011. <http://www.inventions.org/culture/asian/chinese.html>. ways the Chinese have improved and changed our world today and Herrera, Roberto. " The Seismograph." Childrens Encyclopedia. Vol. 8. New York: our life’s today. Scholastic, 2003. 187. Print.


http://www.bizchinatow n.com/index_en.html

the

Silk History Andrea Klipstein

bibliography http://www.dharmatrading.com/fabric/silk/twill.html

According to Confucius, it was in 2640 B.C. that the Chinese princess Xi Ling Shi dropped a silk cocoon by accident in her tea. She realized that the cocoon made string; the Chinese discovered the life cycle of the silk worm and for the next 3000 years were to develop the art of the silk cloth. In the 3rd Century B.C. Chinese silk fabrics were sent to the west roads are known as the silk roads. When silk was first discovered, it was reserved exclusively for the rulers. It was permitted only to the emperor, his friends and family. In the palace, the emperor wore a robe of white silk; outside he, his main wife, and their sons and or daughters wore yellow, the color of the earth. Slowly all classes of society began wearing silk tunics and it became a more general use. Silk started being used not only for clothing as being used for decorations. Silk rapidly became one of the principal elements of the Chinese economy. It was used for musical instruments, fishing-lines, bowstrings, bonds of all kinds, and even rag paper. Eventually even the common people were able to wear silk.

Schomp, Virginia, ed. The Ancient China. Canada: Scholastic, 2004. Print. Roberts, Mike . "Silk History." Silk. Amazon, 10 Mar. 2010. Web. 3 Mar. 2011. <www.wildfibers.co .uk/html/silk.html>. 4rhttp://www.bizchinatown.com/index_en.html


1 2

Santiago Buenfil

16-March-2011

Stirrups, an old Chinese Invention The invention of the stirrup was

In ancient China people thought that

very helpful. Before this, riders had to

the stirrup was important because it

hold tightly to the horse mane to avoid

connected the horse and its rider. It greatly

falling off. In addition to having to mount the horse by a flying leap or a polevault.

increased the rider´s controls of the horse. The first type of stirrup was made of metal, and the ones we use today are made out of leather and metal. First the stirrup was spread to Europe and north of Asia. Bibliography:

Stirrups." Asian inventors and inventions. inventors assistance league , 6 Mar. 2005. Web. 17 Mar. 2011. <http://www.inventions.org/culture/as ian/chinese.html>.

http://www.sodahead.com/fun/do-you-ever-accidentally/question893753/?link=ibaf&imgurl=http://www.countrysupplies.com/pix/1/products/531-m.jpg&q=stirrups


B Y :

K A R E N

A L V A R E Z

The Tangram Chinese Invention

The Legend A long time ago in ancient

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.istockphoto.com/file_thumbv iew_approve/5567419/2/istockphoto_5567419-tangram-puzzle-figurehouse.jpg&imgrefurl=http://vincentabellcontracting.com/yu-online-tangrams-for-

China lived a man called Tan. Tan’s greatest possession was a fine ceramic tile. One day Tan was caring his tile to show the god. He tripped and fell and broke the tile into seven different geometric shapes: two large triangles, a

What are Tangrams? The tangram is an ancient Chinese puzzle made from large square cut into seven pieces. Each individual square is called a tan. The tans can be arranged to make any types of pictures or designs. The tangrams were invented in 1813. The designs not only include simple geometric shapes, but also the shape of different animals such as birds, dogs and cats. The designs also include popular objects. The tangrams

medium sized triangle, a square,

are the oldest types of puzzles.

and a parallelogram. Tan spent the

This are some examples of what tangrams are.

rest of his life trying to put the tile back together again. He was not successful, but he did succeed in creating many other different geometric designs. Tan puzzles were later called tangrams and were passed from generation to generation.

Bibliography:

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_JZctLYuKAwE/S4_uvglzPPI/AA AAAAAACKA/F7kZnoQ938A/s400/tangram_games.jpg&imgrefurl=http://bookslinksandmore.blogs pot.com/2010/02/tangrams.html&usg=__FKE8orwao7sQGfvVpLBXyFZg34=&h=300&w=400&sz=25&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=g4Qj205WsdNe2M:&tb nh=130&tbnw=173&ei=-

Ferroa, Peggy. China. Singapore: Marshal Caveradish Corporation, 1994.

“tans”Thinking Fountain.1996. Science Learning Network.. March 6, 2011. http://www.thinkingfountain.org/t/tans/tans.html


Jorge Martin

CHINA’S TEA Some Types   There  are  over  1,500  different  types  of  tea.   Today,  China  is  one  of  the  main  producers  of   tea,  and  this  drink  remains  as  China’s   national  drink.  

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.shanghaifinance.com/food/tea/teapot.gif &imgrefurl=http://www.shanghaifinance.com/food/chinesetea.php&usg=__W3OBJnHCqbybNI IeubAGNRlNCLo=&h=175&w=209&sz=19&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=zsnNlzooiJOw5M:&t

The History

More than  5,000  years  ago,  in  China,  the  young  

Chinese Tea    Pot  

emperor, Shen  Nung,  during  a  long  trip  got  the  idea  to  boil  water  and   dry  some  plants.  When  he  poured  the  water  on  the  dried  plants  he  

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://blog.chinatraveldepot.com/wp-­‐ content/uploads/2010/10/chinese_tea.jpg&imgrefurl=http://blog.chinatraveldepot.com/2010/1 0/cha-­‐the-­‐chinese-­‐traditional-­‐ tea/&usg=__wtyxMLTrtk5S7loKf3bo6pUmet0=&h=250&w=320&sz=15&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1 &tbnid=MiuYndtLDS990M:&tbnh=131&tbnw=186&ei=XDB5Ta-­‐ _O5Sjtgenu6nsBg&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dtea%2Bof%2Bchina%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe %3Dactive%26client%3Dsafari%26rls%3Den%26biw%3D1024%26bih%3D720%26tbs%3Disch:1&u m=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=681&oei=JzB5TfOQF8SK0QHGsv32Aw&page=1&ndsp=23&ved=1t:429, r:2,s:0&tx=109&ty=67

noticed that  the  water  turned  a  different  color.  He  drank  the  water  and   liked  the  flavor.    

The emperor  thought  that  to  drink  warm,  boiled  water  

contributed to  good  health.  Tea  was  most  popular  was  during  T’ang   and  Song  dynasties.  The  word  “tea”  comes  from  Chinese  dialects,  such   words  as  “Tchai”,  “Cha”,  and  “Tay”.    In  the  years  400-­‐600  teas  were   demanded  as  medicinal  beverage.  At  the  same  time,  many  tea  drinkers   added  onion,  ginger,  spices,  or  orange  to  their  drink.  

Cox, Dennis.  “Tea.”   Encyclopedia  of  China.   First  Edition.     “Stash.”  History  of  

Tea.

2009. The  Stash  Tea   Company.  3  March  


J I M E N A

C U E T O

The Wheelbarrow Through the Years

http://creativebits.org/inspiration/snow_leopard_desktop_pictures

http://www.worldofstock.com/closeups/N AU1975.php

What is the wheelbarrow? The Chinese have invented objects\ things that have helped us, in our lives. They invented many things such as paper, books, compass and one that has been used all over the world, the wheelbarrow. A wheelbarrow is a small hand vehicle usually with just one wheel, designed to be pushed by a single person. It has been improved out through the years and it is one of the many things we still use. The wheelbarrow comes from the 2nd century, Chuko Liang (181-234 A.D.) of China and he is considered to be the inventor. The wheelbarrow has gone from country to country and through many changes. Bellis, Mary. “Wheelbarrow”. About.com. 2011. About.com. 7 March, 2011. <http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blwheelbarrow.htm “The Wheelbarrow.” Scholastic Children’s Encyclopedia. 2004 ed. http://www.urbantilth.org/page_id22/2-farms/wheelbarrow/

Through the 2nd century the main use of the wheelbarrow was to transport supplies to injured soldiers, but now each place has its own use. The invention of the wheelbarrow spread all over the world. It spread through Europe, and America. In Europe they used the wheelbarrow for building constructions, mining, and agriculture. Today the wheelbarrow is mostly used to carry cement for constructions, for agriculture, to carry goods and sometimes they are in plastic for kids to play with. The wheelbarrow has gone from China to all over the world, it has changed it use and changed its form. China was a very influenced civilization for all and


Chinese Yo-Yo Yo-Yo 10-3-2011

By: Diego A. Moya

http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=htt p://www.chineseyoyoshop.com/wpcontent/uploads/2010/05/chineseyoyo.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.chinesey oyoshop.com/chinese-yoyo/diabolo-

YO-YO

Information

=========> Bibliography:

The yo-yo is a very important and fun invention of the Chinese time that we still use today. It was originally a weapon used for war. It used to be made out of wood and spikes so that it could cut the

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Harvard Chinese Yoyo." Harvard Education. Harvard, 9 Nov. 2004. Web. 3 Mar. 2011. <http://www.hcs.harvard.edu/

yoyo/about.html>. Safia, Jacob E., ed. Encyclopedia Britanica. 2010. London:

opponent. Today it is a kid toy that is very fun to use because you can do several tricks with this toy. Originally this weapon was made out of wood but it was also made with bamboo. The yo-yo was also used by the army to improve coordination and stamina. People in China still use yo-yos today to entertain people in the crowds. The yo-yo from ancient China is not the same as we know today; it used to be a cylinder supported by a string. The original name for the yo-yo in Chinese is Tzuh-ling, a very different name that we know.

http://www.google.com/imgres?im gurl=http://chinesebooksforchildren .com/images/bookcovers/CR20080 004.JPG&imgrefurl=http://chineseb

Chinese Inventions 2011 P1  

A collaborative Chinese Inventions magazine.