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SADE

CINEMA & RURALIDADE

PRIMEIRO CICLO DE CINEMA SOBRE AGRICULTURA PULSÃO E CRIME PÁGS. 28 E 29 NO NOSSO TEMPO EM IDANHA-A-NOVA PG. 30

SALTA MONTES

GERÊS: FAUNA, FLORA E TRADIÇÃO PG. 31 NÚMERO 8 DEZEMBRO 2014 -FEVEREIRO 2015 TRIMESTRAL / ANO III 3000 EXEMPLARES PVP: 1€ WWW.JORNALMAPA.PT

Dois anos de Informação Crítica

ASSINA O JORNAL MAPA m~ê~=OMNR=Éëí•=~ÖÉåÇ~Ç~=~=~ëëáå~íìê~=Çç= qê~í~Çç=qê~åë~íäßåíáÅç=ÉåíêÉ=~=råá©ç=bìJ êçéÉá~=É=çë=br^I=ìã=íê~í~Çç=ÇÉ=äáîêÉ=ÅçJ ã¨êÅáç=ÉåíêÉ=~ë=Çì~ë=éçíÆåÅá~ë=ÉÅçåµãáJ Å~ë=èìÉ=íÉã=ç=çÄàÉÅíáîç=ÇÉ=áãéìäëáçå~ê=~= ÉÅçåçãá~=ÇÉ=~ãÄ~ëK=k~=éê•íáÅ~I=~=é~êÅÉJ êá~=íê~åë~íäßåíáÅ~I=Åçãç=í~ãĨã=¨=ÇÉJ åçãáå~Ç~I=ëÉêîáê•=é~ê~=ÉëíÉåÇÉê=ç=í~éÉíÉ= îÉêãÉäÜç=¶ë=Öê~åÇÉë=Åçêéçê~´õÉë=Ç~=áåJ Çúëíêá~=ÉåÉêÖ¨íáÅ~=Ç~=Ñê~Åíìê~=ÜáÇê•ìäáÅ~I= Ççë=çêÖ~åáëãçë=ÖÉåÉíáÅ~ãÉåíÉ=ãçÇáÑáJ Å~ÇçëI=Ç~=éêçÇì´©ç=áåíÉåëáî~=ÇÉ=~åáã~áëI= Ñ~êã~ÅÆìíáÅ~I=ÉåíêÉ=í~åí~ë=çìíê~ëK=^ë=ëì~ë= ÅçåëÉèìÆåÅá~ë=ë©çI=éçêí~åíçI=ÇÉë~ëíêçë~ë= é~ê~=ç=~ãÄáÉåíÉ=É=é~ê~=~=ëçÅáÉÇ~ÇÉI=ÉëíÉåJ ÇÉåÇçJëÉI=áåÅäìëáîÉI=¶ë=éçäííáÅ~ë=éúÄäáÅ~ë= Ççë=ÖçîÉêåçë=Ççë=bëí~Ççë=ãÉãÄêçëK

+ INFO NAS PÁGINAS 16 E 17

Cooperação rima com consumo e produção ROJAVA

A revolução sitiada págs. 21 a 23

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págs.5 e 6

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Bitcoin: a criptorevolução pariu um rato? págs.14 e 15

YANN RENOULT

“Creio que quem tenha uma leitura romântica da Constituição está a falhar completamente o alvo(...)” ENTREVISTA A PEDRO BRAVO, AUTOR DO “MANUAL DE RESISTÊNCIA CIVIL PÁGS.12 E 13

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MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

2 NOTÍCIAS À ESCALA

Nem mortos saímos das casas

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MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

NOTÍCIAS À ESCALA 3

“Ayotzinapan Vive! Estado Morre!” dizem os estudantes normalistas mexicanos

RAUL CHAVE

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MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

4 NOTÍCIAS À ESCALA

Subestação EDP/REN no Alto de São João

Perante a indignação dos habitantes, REN e EDP avançam com projecto de estação de alta tensão nas Olaias, em Lisboa, uma zona de bairros sociais, onde já existe uma ETAR e um cemitério

JOSÉ PEDRO ARAÚJO JOSE.P.ARAUJO@JORNALMAPA.PT

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O projeto desta subestação e o processo em torno da sua instalação é mais um exemplo da forma como o espaço urbano se pensa e organiza. Existem claramente zonas onde é aceite pelas autoridades a instalação deste tipo de infraestruturas – como as periferias e bairros pobres dos grandes centros urbanos – e zonas onde isso não é possível.

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É notório que quando se trata das questões técnicas e impacto dos grandes projetos de empresas do setor energético - como a REN e a EDP - são sempre os seus argumentos que ganham força e projeção no espaço público. l= éêçÅÉëëç= ÇÉÅçêêÉì= ÉëëÉåJ Åá~äãÉåíÉ= ¶= ã~êÖÉã= Ççë= ãçê~J ÇçêÉëI= èìÉ= åìåÅ~= Ñçê~ã= ÅçåëìäJ í~Ççë=åÉã=îáê~ã=~ë=ëì~ë=Eãìáí~ëF= èìÉëíõÉë= ÉëÅä~êÉÅáÇ~ëK= k~= òçå~= ~éÉå~ë= ëÉ= ë~Äá~= Ç~= Åçåëíêì´©ç= ÇÉ= ìã~= Éëí~´©ç= ÇÉ= ~äí~= íÉåë©çI= èìÉ=Éëí~êá~=~=ëÉê=åÉÖçÅá~Ç~=ÉåíêÉ= ~= `ji= É= ~= bamLobkK= gç©ç= m~ìäç= jçí~I= Ç~= ^ëëçÅá~´©ç= sáîÉê= ãÉäJ Üçê= åç= _É~íçI= áåíÉêêçÖ~JëÉ= ëçÄêÉ= ç=ëÉÅêÉíáëãç=Ç~ë=åÉÖçÅá~´õÉëW=“ëÉ= Éì= îÉàç= èìÉ= ìã~= Åçáë~= å©ç= íÉã= ã~äÇ~ÇÉ= å©ç= îçì= ÉëÅçåÇÉêK= mçê= èìÉ= ¨= èìÉ= ÉäÉë= å©ç= Åçåëìäí~ê~ã= ~=éçéìä~´©çI=é~ê~=ë~ÄÉê=ëÉ=~ÅÜ~J î~ã= ÄÉã= çì= å©ç\= cáòÉê~ã= íìÇç= ¶ë= ÉëÅçåÇáÇ~ëÒK= ^ë= éêÉçÅìé~´õÉë= ÇÉ= gç©ç= m~ìäç= jçí~= ÅçãéêÉÉåJ ÇÉãJëÉ= ãÉäÜçê= ëÉ= åçí~êãçë= èìÉ= ~éÉå~ë=åç=é~ëë~Çç=Çá~=ON=ÇÉ=çìíJ ìÄêç=Ñçá=~éêÉëÉåí~Çç=¶=éçéìä~´©ç= ç= ÉëíìÇç= ÇÉ= áãé~ÅíÉ= ~ãÄáÉåí~äI= ÄÉã=Åçãç=ç=éêçàÉíç=Éã=èìÉëí©çK l=éêçàÉíç=ÇÉëí~=ëìÄÉëí~´©ç=É=ç= éêçÅÉëëç=Éã=íçêåç=Ç~=ëì~=áåëí~ä~J ´©ç=¨=ã~áë=ìã=ÉñÉãéäç=Ç~=Ñçêã~= Åçãç= ç= Éëé~´ç= ìêÄ~åç= ëÉ= éÉåë~= É= çêÖ~åáò~K= bñáëíÉã= Åä~ê~ãÉåíÉ= òçå~ë=çåÇÉ=¨=~ÅÉáíÉ=éÉä~ë=~ìíçêáJ Ç~ÇÉë= ~= áåëí~ä~´©ç= ÇÉëíÉ= íáéç= ÇÉ= áåÑê~Éëíêìíìê~ë=Ó==Åçãç=~ë=éÉêáÑÉJ êá~ë=É=Ä~áêêçë=éçÄêÉë=Ççë=Öê~åÇÉë= ÅÉåíêçë= ìêÄ~åçë= Ó= = É= òçå~ë= çåÇÉ= áëëç=å©ç=¨=éçëëíîÉäK= lÄîá~ãÉåíÉ= ~ë= ê~òõÉë= ëÉê©ç= ëÉãéêÉ= àìëíáÑáÅ~Ç~ë= ÇÉ= ìã= éçåJ íç= ÇÉ= îáëí~= í¨ÅåáÅç= É= èì~äèìÉê= èìÉëí©ç= äÉî~åí~Ç~= ¨= ëçíÉêê~Ç~= åìã= ëÉã= Ñáã= ÇÉ= åçêã~ëI= Ç~J Ççë= í¨ÅåáÅçë= É= ÇáêÉíáî~ë= áåíÉêå~J Åáçå~áë= ã~ë= ~= îÉêÇ~ÇÉ= ¨= èìÉ= ~= Ü~îÉê= éêÉàìÇáÅ~Ççë= ÇÉ= íçÇç= ÉëíÉ= éêçÅÉëëç= å©ç= ëÉê©ç= çë= Üçí¨áëI= ç= Åçã¨êÅáç= É= ~ë= áåÑê~Éëíêìíìê~ë= ÇÉ= íìêáëãç= Çç= ÅÉåíêç= ÇÉ= iáëÄç~= ã~ë= çë= Ü~Äáí~åíÉë= Ççë= Ä~áêêçë= ÅçåííÖìçë= ¶= åçî~= ëìÄÉëí~´©çK= ^= ÉëÅçäÜ~= ÇÉëí~= òçå~= å©ç= ÇÉîÉI= éçêí~åíçI=ëÉê=ÅçáåÅáÇÆåÅá~K


MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

NOTÍCIAS À ESCALA 5

Rede Cooperar

A ReCo surgiu há um ano nas franjas da planície alentejana a partir de diversos produtores e consumidores unidos pela agro-ecologia com vista a criar uma comunidade de apoio mútuo. FILIPE NUNES FILIPENUNES@JORNALMAPA.PT

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Ñ~ãáäá~ê= ÇÉ= ~ÖêáÅìäíìê~= ÉÅçäµÖáÅ~= É= éÉêã~Åìäíìê~= Éã= ^äî~ä~ÇÉ= Çç= p~Çç= ÓI= çäÜ~= é~ê~= ÉëíÉ= ~åç= èìÉ= é~ëëçì= É= ~ëëáå~ä~= “ìã= Öêìéç= ÇÉ= éÉëëç~ë= ÄÉã= ÇáîÉêëç= É= èìÉ= åç= íÉãéç= í~ãĨã= ëÉ= íê~åëÑçêã~= É= êÉÖÉåÉê~ÒK=l=èìÉ=ëÉ=Ñçá=~íáåÖáåÇç= “ÉãÄçê~= ÇÉ= Ñçêã~= ~í~Ä~äÜç~Ç~= éçê= îÉòÉë= É= èì~ëÉ= ÇÉ= ÑìÖáÇ~Ò= ~ç= äçåÖç= Ççë= î•êáçë= ÉåÅçåíêçë= éÉêJ ãáíáì= èìÉ= ~= áåáÅá~íáî~= å©ç= ëÉ= ÉëJ Ñìã~ëëÉK= j~êÅçëI= èìÉ= ÅÜÉÖçì= ¶= ^äÇÉá~= Ç~ë= ^ãçêÉáê~ë= Ü•= ~äÖìåë= ~åçë= Åçãç= “~Åíáîáëí~Ò= Çç= d^f^I= êÉëìãÉ= Åçãç=“íçÇç= ÉëíÉ= éêçÅÉëJ ëç= ¨= Éã= ëá= ãÉëãç= áåëíáíìáåíÉI= çì= ëÉà~I= ç= éêµéêáç= éêçÅÉëëç= Åêá~= ~ë= ÅçåÇá´õÉë= åÉÅÉëë•êá~ë= ~ç= ëÉì= ÇÉëÉåîçäîáãÉåíçK= È= ãÉÇáÇ~= èìÉ= ~ë= éÉëëç~ë= ëÉ= î©ç= çêÖ~åáò~åÇç= É= Åêá~åÇç= ~èìáäç= èìÉ= ÅçåëáÇÉê~ã= åÉÅÉëë•êáç= Åêá~ê= é~ê~= íÉêÉã= ìã~= Äç~= îáÇ~= Éåèì~åíç= áåÇáîíÇìçë= É= Éåèì~åíç= ÅçäÉÅíáîçI= î©ç= ~ä~êÖ~åJ Çç= ~= Ö~ã~= ÇÉ= éçëëáÄáäáÇ~ÇÉëK= ^ç= äçåÖç= Çç= éêçÅÉëëç= ÇÉëÉåîçäîÉã= ~ë= ëì~ë= Å~é~ÅáÇ~ÇÉë= çêÖ~åáò~íáJ î~ëI=Çá~ä¨ÅíáÅ~ëI=Éãé•íáÅ~ëI=ÉíÅÒK Produtores e Consumidores l=Å~Ä~ò=å~í~äíÅáç=^äJ`~Ä~ò=ÅçåJ í¨ã= ìã~= éêçéçëí~= ëÉäÉÅÅáçå~Ç~= ÇÉ= ~äÖìåë= éêçÇìíçêÉë= Ç~= oÉ`çI= é~êíÉ= Çç= “êÉëìäí~Çç= Ç~èìáäç= èìÉ= ~ë=éÉëëç~ë=èìÉ=éêçÅìê~ã=îáîÉê=åç= Å~ãéç= É= Çç= Å~ãéç= ÅçåëÉÖìÉã= éêçÇìòáêÒW= ~ë= ÅÜçìêá´~ë= îÉÖÖáÉI= ~= íçã~í~Ç~=É=ç=íçã~íÉ=ëÉÅç=~ç=ëçäI= Öê©çJÇÉJÄáÅçI= É= ~ÄçÄçêáåÜ~ë= êÉJ ÅÜÉá~ã=ç=Å~Ä~òI=àìåíç=Åçã=ç=~òÉáJ

Surge assim, em Dezembro de 2013, na Aldeia das Amoreiras, um encontro para pensar uma cooperativa informal de produtores/ consumidores.

íÉ=ÄáçäµÖáÅçI=çë=çê¨Ö©çëI=ãÉäI=Å~ÅJ íçë=É=ç=îáåÜç=íáåíç=ã~ÇìêçI=åìã= ë~Åç=ÇÉ=éêçÇì´©ç=éêµéêá~=E~ÅçãJ é~åÜ~Çç=ÇÉ=ìã~=Ñ~åòáåÉ=áäìëíê~J Ç~FK=l=ÉëÅç~ãÉåíç=~ëëáã=ÅçåÅÉêJ í~Çç=ÇÉëíÉë=É=ÇÉ=çìíêçë=éêçÇìíçë= EÉã= ãÉêÅ~Ççë= çì= éçê= Åçåí~ÅíçF= ÉëéÉäÜ~=Åçãç=ç=ÑçÅç=ÇÉ=~Å´©ç=Ç~= oÉ`ç=êÉÅ~á=ÉëëÉåÅá~äãÉåíÉ=ëçÄêÉ= ~=éêçÇì´©çI=íê~åëÑçêã~´©ç=É=ÇáëJ íêáÄìá´©ç= ~äáãÉåí~êÉëI= ~Ä~êÅ~åJ Çç= ÇÉëÇÉ= éêçÇì´õÉë= Ñ~ãáäá~êÉë= ~= éêçÇìíçë=à•=êÉÖáëí~Ççë=åç=ÅáêÅìáíç= Çç=ãÉêÅ~Çç=“ÄáçÒK=^ä~êÖ~Çç=~=çìJ íê~ë= éêçÇì´õÉë= ~êíÉë~å~áëI= ~= éêÉJ çÅìé~´©ç=¨=Éëí~ÄÉäÉÅÉê=ìã~=êÉÇÉ= ÇÉ=~éçáç=É=ÉåíêÉ~àìÇ~K=“råáåÇç=É= ÑçêíáÑáÅ~åÇç= éÉèìÉåçë= éêçÇìíçJ êÉë= ÉÅçäµÖáÅçë= É= ÅçåëìãáÇçêÉëÒI= Åáí~åÇç=p~ê~=pÉêê©ç=E~=áäìëíê~Ççê~= Ó=~éêçîÉáíÉJëÉ=é~ê~=~ëëáå~ä~ê=Ó=Çç= éêÉëÉåíÉ=~êíáÖçFI=Åçãç=ãÉí~=é~ê~= OMNRI= ~ç= ãÉëãç= íÉãéç= ÇáîìäJ Ö~åÇç= ~ë= ~äíÉêå~íáî~ë= ~ç= ãçÇÉäç= ~ÖêçJáåÇìëíêá~ä= èìÉ= î~á= íçã~åÇç= Åçåí~=Çç=íÉêêáíµêáçK kç= éêçÅÉëëç= ÇÉ= Åêá~ê= ìã~= éä~J í~Ñçêã~= ÇÉ= ÅççéÉê~´©ç= ÉåíêÉ= éÉëëç~ë= ëáãìäí~åÉ~ãÉåíÉ= éêçJ Çìíçê~ë= É= ÅçåëìãáÇçê~ë= ÇÉ= ÄÉåë= É=ëÉêîá´çëI=ÅÉÇç=~=oÉ`ç=Åçåëí~íçì= ~= äáãáí~´©ç= Ç~= Ä~ëÉ= ÇÉ= Ç~Ççë= ÇÉ= çÑÉêí~ë= É= éêçÅìê~ë= Éëí~ÄÉäÉÅáÇ~= áåíÉêå~ãÉåíÉK= ^= åÉÅÉëëáÇ~ÇÉ= ÇÉ= Ñçêí~äÉÅÉê= ~= ÅçãìåáÅ~´©ç= Åçã= ~= éçéìä~´©ç=äçÅ~äLêìê~äI=~ÅÉåíì~åJ Çç= ~= Äç~= îáòáåÜ~å´~= É= ~= é~êíáäÜ~= ÇÉ= ë~ÄÉêÉëI= ëìêÖÉ= Éã= Åçåàìåíç= Åçã=~=Åêá~´©ç=ÇÉ=Öêìéçë=ÇÉ=ÅçåJ ëìãçK=bëí~=úäíáã~=Ñ~ÅÉí~=Ñçá=~é~J êÉåíÉãÉåíÉ= éÉêëéÉÅíáî~Ç~= éÉä~=

oÉ`ç= ã~áë= é~ê~= ìã~= éçéìä~´©ç= Åáí~Çáå~I= Éã= êÉä~´©ç= ¶= èì~äI= É= ~= é~ê= Çç= ÉëÅç~ãÉåíç= ÇÉ= éêçÇìíçëI= Ñçá= ~éçåí~Ç~= ~= ÅçåíêáÄìá´©ç= å~= é~êíáäÜ~=ÇÉ=ë~ÄÉêÉë=É=å~=ÇáëÅìëë©ç= É=íê~Ä~äÜç=ÅêííáÅçK ^= êÉä~´©ç= `~ãéçL`áÇ~ÇÉ= ëìêJ ÖÉ= éçê= ÉëëÉ= ãçíáîç= ~ç= ä~Çç= Ç~= êÉä~´©ç= mêçÇìíçêÉëL`çåëìãáJ ÇçêÉëK= rã~= èìÉëí©ç= é~êíáäÜ~Ç~= éÉä~=oÉ`ç=åç=ÑÉëíáî~ä=“bã=mê~íçë= iáãéçëÒI=çêÖ~åáò~Çç=éÉä~=^ëëÉãJ ÄäÉá~=éÉä~=pçÄÉê~åá~=^äáãÉåí~ê=É= éÉä~= `~ãé~åÜ~= éÉä~ë= pÉãÉåíÉë= iáîêÉëI= Éã= lìíìÄêç= Éã= iáëÄç~K= ^íI= ÇÉ= ~äÖìã~= Ñçêã~I= íçêå~î~JëÉ= ÉîáÇÉåíÉ=èìÉ=çë=é~ëëçë=ëÉÖìáåíÉë= Ç~= oÉ`ç= ëÉ= Ç~êá~ã= í~ãĨã= åç= ëÉåíáÇç= ÇÉ= áåíÉê~Öáê= Åçã= çìíê~ë= áåáÅá~íáî~ë= ëáãáä~êÉë= É= ëçÄêÉíìÇç= Åçã= ÅççéÉê~íáî~ë= ÇÉ= ÅçåëìãçI= Åçãç= éçÇÉ= ëÉê= ç= Å~ëç= Ç~= `ççJ éÉê~íáî~=ÇÉ=`çåëìãç=_Éä~=o~ã~= É= ~= `ççéÉê~íáî~= _ç~= å~= òçå~= ÇÉ= iáëÄç~I= ÉåíêÉ= çìíê~ëK= bëëÉë= ãçJ îáãÉåíçë= íê~ÇìòÉãI= åç= Ñáå~ä= ÇÉ= Åçåí~ëI= ìã~= éêÉçÅìé~´©ç= ÅêÉëJ ÅÉåíÉ=Åçã=~=ÅÜ~ã~Ç~=“ëçÄÉê~åá~= ~äáãÉåí~êÒI=Åçãç=ÉëéÉäÜ~=éçê=ìã= ä~Çç= ç= éêçÖê~ã~= Ç~= lkd= éçêíìJ ÖìÉë~=`fa^`I=èìÉ=Ç~=Ä~åÇÉáê~=Çç= “Åçã¨êÅáç=àìëíçÒ=ëÉ=ä~å´çì=~Öçê~= åç=ÇÉÄ~íÉ=“Çç=Å~ãéç=é~ê~=ç=éê~J íçI=ç=ÇáêÉáíç=¶=~äáãÉåí~´©ç=É=¶=pçJ ÄÉê~åá~=^äáãÉåí~êÒI=çìI=éçê=çìíêç= ä~ÇçI=ç=äÉî~ê=¶=éê•íáÅ~=Çç=mêçàÉÅíç= OTMI= Ç~= áåáÅá~íáî~= ÇÉ= ^ÖêáÅìäíìJ ê~= ÇÉ= pìéçêíÉ= `çãìåáí•êáç= å~= òçå~= Çç= máåÜ~ä= kçîçI= ÉåíêÉ= çìJ íêçë=ÉñÉãéäçë=éçëëíîÉáëK bã=íçÇç=ÉëíÉ=ÇÉÄ~íÉ=É=íÉåÇÆåJ Åá~ë= ~Åíì~áë= é~êÉÅÉã= ëÉê= ÖÉåÉê~J äáò~Ç~ë= ~ë= èìÉëíõÉë= èìÉ= ~= oÉ`ç= ÅçäçÅ~= ~= ëá= ãÉëã~W= èì~áë= çë= é~J é¨áë= É= çë= Ñçêã~íçë= ÇÉëí~= êÉä~´©ç= `~ãéçL`áÇ~ÇÉ= É= mêçÇìíçêÉëL `çåëìãáÇçêÉë\= `çãç= ÉñéêÉëë~ê= ç= ëáÖåáÑáÅ~ÇçI= ãìáí~ë= îÉJ òÉë=~ãÄíÖìçI=~=~íêáÄìáê=¶= pçÄÉê~åá~= ^äáãÉåí~ê\= q~äîÉò=éçê=áëëçI=Åçãç= êÉÑÉêáì= oáí~= åç= Ä~J ä~å´ç= ÇÉ= ìã~=


MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

6 NOTÍCIAS À ESCALA ÅçåîÉêë~= íáÇ~= Éã= kçîÉãÄêç= åç= Éëé~´ç=oa^=EiáëÄç~FI=Ü~à~=ÇÉëÇÉ= äçÖç= ~= åÉÅÉëëáÇ~ÇÉ= ÇÉ= ÉåÅçåíê~ê= îá~ÄáäáÇ~ÇÉ=ÉÅçåµãáÅ~=å~=“îÉåÇ~= ÇÉ=éêçÇìíçë=ëÉã=áåíÉêãÉÇá•êáçëI= Åçã= Ä~ëÉ= åìã~= êÉä~´©ç= ÇÉ= éêçJ ñáãáÇ~ÇÉLÅçåÑá~å´~= ~= Åêá~êJëÉ= éÉäç=íê~Ä~äÜç=Éã=ÅçåàìåíçÒK=rã~= éêçÅìê~= ÇÉ= ~ìíçåçãá~I= ëÉã= éÉêJ ÇÉê= ÇÉ= îáëí~= Åçãç=“Åêá~ê= ~äíÉêå~J íáî~ë= ÇÉ= ãÉêÅ~ÇçÒK= oÉÅçêÇ~åÇç= ~= áãéçêíßåÅá~= Çç= “çäÜ~ê= ÅêííáÅç= ÇÉ= èìÉã= å©ç= Éëí•= ~= êÉÅêá~ê= ç= ãçJ ÇÉäç= Å~éáí~äáëí~= îáÖÉåíÉ= ã~ë= ëáã= ~äíÉêå~íáî~ë= é~ê~= èìÉ= ~= äµÖáÅ~= ÇÉ= ÅêÉëÅáãÉåíç= ÉñéçåÉåÅá~ä= É= Çç= äìÅêç= ëÉà~ã= ÇÉëã~åíÉä~Ç~ë= É= ëÉ= íê~Ä~äÜÉ=å~=äµÖáÅ~=Ç~=ëçäáÇ~êáÉÇ~J ÇÉ= ëçÅá~ä= É= Ç~= Ü~êãçåá~= Ç~= îáÇ~= åÉëíÉ=éä~åÉí~>Ò=a~í=èìÉ=ÅçåëáÇÉêÉ= Ü~îÉê=å~=oÉ`ç=~äÖìåë=íÉã~ë=~=íê~J Ä~äÜ~êW=~=ÅÉêíáÑáÅ~´©ç=é~êíáÅáé~Ç~= E¶=ã~êÖÉã=Ç~ë=ÅÉêíáÑáÅ~´õÉë=áåëíáJ íìÅáçå~áëFX=~=ãçÉÇ~=ëçÅá~äX=ç=Åêá~ê= åçî~ë=çéçêíìåáÇ~ÇÉë=é~ê~=~ë=íêçJ Å~ë=Eà•=êÉ~äáò~Ç~ë=åçë=ãÉêÅ~ÇçëFX= çì= çë= Åêáí¨êáçë= ÇÉ= éêçÇì´©ç= É= Åçåëìãç=Ç~=êÉÇÉK= POR UMA COMUNIDADE DE APOIO MÚTUO ^ë=èìÉëíõÉë=ìäíê~é~ëë~ã=Ç~èìá= Éã=Çá~åíÉ=~=ãÉê~=êÉä~´©ç=éêçÇìJ ´©çLÅçåëìãçI=åìã~=ÇáëÅìëë©ç=É= éçëáÅáçå~ãÉåíç= ÅêííáÅç= èìÉ= å©ç= é~êíÉ= ÇÉ= ìã~= èì~äèìÉê= ~ÑáåáÇ~J ÇÉ= áÇÉçäµÖáÅ~= åç= ëÉáç= Ç~= oÉ`çI= É= èìÉ= Å~êÉÅÉ= ÇÉ= ÇÉëÉåîçäîáãÉåJ íçK= lë= éêáåÅíéáçë= Ç~= oÉÇÉ= Éëí©ç= ~áåÇ~=Éã=Ñçêãìä~´©çI=ç=èìÉ=å©ç= ëáÖåáÑáÅ~= èìÉ= å©ç= Ü~à~= ìã~= Ä~ëÉ= Åçãìã= ÇÉ= î~äçêÉëI= íÉåÇç= Åçãç= “ãçíáî~´©ç=~=ÉåíêÉ~àìÇ~=É=ç=~éçáç= ãúíìçÒK= ^= ÇáåßãáÅ~= éêÉíÉåÇáÇ~I= ÉñéêÉëë~= åç= úäíáãç= ÉåÅçåíêç= Ç~= oÉ`ç=åç=jçåíÉ=jáãçI=Å~ê~ÅíÉêáJ ò~êJëÉJá~=“éçê=íÉê=Åä~êÉò~I=éçê=ëÉê=

ÉåÉêÖ¨íáÅ~ëX=Ç~ë=~êíÉë=¶ë=èìÉëíõÉë= ÇÉ= ÉÇìÅ~´©ç= ~äíÉêå~íáî~X= Ç~= ë~úJ ÇÉ=~ç=ÄÉãJÉëí~ê=Éëéáêáíì~äI=ÉíÅK= b=ëÉ=åÉã=íçÇçë=å~=oÉ`ç=ëÉ=ÉñJ éêÉëë~ã= å~= ã~íêáò= É= äáåÖì~ÖÉã= Ç~=éÉêã~Åìäíìê~I=~=ëì~=ÉñéêÉëë©ç= ~Äê~åÖÉåíÉ=î~á=ÇÉ=ÉåÅçåíêç=~ç=ÇÉJ ëÉàç=ÇÉ=“éêçãçîÉê=~=éêçñáãáÇ~ÇÉ= É=~=ÅçåÑá~å´~=Å~ê~ÅíÉêíëíáÅ~=ÉåíêÉ= îáòáåÜçëÒI= Ñ~òÉåÇç= Éîçäìáê= ç= éêçJ àÉÅíç=“~=é~êíáê=Çç=éÉèìÉåçI=Åêá~åJ Çç= åúÅäÉçë= ÇÉ= Ü~êãçåá~ÒK= kÉëëÉ= ßãÄáíçI= ~= oÉ`ç= ~åçíçì= åçë= ëÉìë= ÉåÅçåíêçë=“èìÉ= é~ê~= ìã~= ÉåÖêÉJ å~ÖÉã=ÑìåÅáçå~ê=¨=åÉÅÉëë•êáç=ëÉê= çäÉ~Ç~ÒI= éÉäç= èìÉ= éêçéõÉ=“ç= µäÉç= ÅçåÑá~å´~=Åçã=çêáÖÉã=Éã=ÉåÅçåJ íêçë=Åçãç=~àìÇ~Ç~ë=É=ÅíêÅìäçë=ÇÉ= é~êíáäÜ~ÒK= b= ¨= ëçÄ= Éëë~= ~éêçñáã~J ´©ç= É= ÑìåÅáçå~ãÉåíç= èìÉ= ÅçåëáJ ÇÉê~=“ìã~=éêáçêáÇ~ÇÉ=ÇÉÑáåáê=ìã= éêçÅÉëëç= ÇÉ= íçã~Ç~= ÇÉ= ÇÉÅáë©çW= èìÉ= ëÉà~= ~ç= ãÉëãç= íÉãéç= ÉÑáJ ÅáÉåíÉI=Åä~êç=É=áåÅäìëáîçÒK=mêçÅÉëJ

Capa do primeiro número da fanzine da RECO, publicado em Novembro deste ano.

ÇÉ=Ä~áñç=áãé~Åíç=~ãÄáÉåí~äI=éçê= é~êíáäÜ~ê= çë= ÉñÅÉÇÉåíÉëI= éçê= é~êJ íáäÜ~ê=~=ãçÄáäáÇ~ÇÉI=éçê=é~êíáäÜ~ê= áåÑçêã~´©çI= éçê= é~êíáÅáé~ê= Éã= êÉìåáõÉë= ÉÑáÅáÉåíÉë= É= Åä~ê~ëI= éçê= íÉê= ÄÉäÉò~I= ~êíÉ= É= éçÉëá~I= éçê= ëÉê= ÄÉäç=åç=ãçÇç=ÇÉ=êÉìåáê=É=ÇÉÅáÇáêI= éçê=êÉÅçåÜÉÅÉê=çë=êáíãçë=çêÖßåáJ Åçë=É=Ç~í=ëÉê=ÑäÉñíîÉä=¶ë=åÉÅÉëëáÇ~J ÇÉë=Çç=ãçãÉåíçKÒ= kÉëíÉë= íÉêãçë= ¨= ÇÉÑáåáÇ~= ~= îáJ ë©ç= éäìê~ä= Ç~= oÉ`çI= ìã~= îáë©ç= ÜçäíëíáÅ~I= ~= îáë©ç= ÇÉ= “ìã~= ÅçJ ãìåáÇ~ÇÉ= ÇÉ= ~éçáç= ãúíìçÒ= É= ÇÉ= ìã= éêçàÉÅíç= ~= “ëÉê= ÅçåÅêÉíáò~Çç= ~=äçåÖç=éê~òçI=É=èìÉ=¨=ãìí•îÉä=~= Åìêíç=É=ã¨Çáç=éê~òçÒK=cçá=éçê=áëëç= ~Ççéí~Ç~=Åçãç=“ÖêÉäÜ~=ÇÉ=äÉáíìê~= É=Ñçêã~=ÇÉ=Éëíêìíìê~´©çÒ=~=Ñäçê=Ç~= éÉêã~Åìäíìê~K=^ë=ê~ãáÑáÅ~´õÉë=Ç~= ëì~= ¨íáÅ~= É= éêáåÅíéáçë= ~Äê~åÖÉã= î•êá~ë=•êÉ~ë=ÇÉ=~Åíì~´©çI=ÇÉëÇÉ=~= ~ÖêáÅìäíìê~=~çë=Ä~åÅçë=ÇÉ=ëÉãÉåJ íÉëX=Çç=Éëé~´ç=ÅçåëíêìíÇç=¶ë=ÑÉêê~J ãÉåí~ë= É= íÉÅåçäçÖá~ëI= ëçÄêÉíìÇç= ~ë= èìÉ= éçëëáÄáäáíÉã= íê~åëÑçêã~ê= ~=éêçÇì´©ç=É=Ö~ê~åíáê=~äíÉêå~íáî~ë=

sahara

Em territórios como o Alentejo, temos assim a presença de uma “ruralidade” vinda das cidades que se cruza com uma imigração proveniente do Norte da Europa, em boa medida igualmente ávida e capacitada pelas propostas alternativas aos modelos de desenvolvimento e crescimento capitalista.

ëç= ÉëëÉI= ã~åíáÇç= éçê= ÉåÅçåíêçë= êÉÖìä~êÉëI= èìÉ= êÉèìÉê= ìã~= ÅççêJ ÇÉå~´©ç=ÅçãéêçãÉíáÇ~=É=êÉëéçåJ ë•îÉä=EáåíÉêå~=É=ÉñíÉêå~FI=äÉî~åÇç= Éã=ÅçåëáÇÉê~´©ç=~ë=åÉÅÉëëáÇ~ÇÉë= ÇÉ= íçÇ~ë= ~ë= éÉëëç~ëI= ã~ë= èìÉ= Ó= Åçãç=êÉÑÉêÉ=oáí~=Ó=“~ÅçåíÉÅÉI=í~åJ íç= ã~áë= Üçêáòçåí~äãÉåíÉ= É= í~åíç= ã~áë= Éã= Åçãìã= Åçã= ~ë= åçëë~ë= åÉÅÉëëáÇ~ÇÉëLéÉêëéÉÅíáî~ë= éÉëJ ëç~áë= èì~åíç= ã~áë= é~êíáÅáé~Çç= ÑçêÒK=bëëÉ=¨=í~äîÉò=ç=ÇÉë~Ñáç=ã~áçê= èìÉ= ëÉ= ÅçäçÅ~= ¶= ëçäáÇáÑáÅ~´©ç= Ç~= oÉ`çI= å©ç= ÇáëëçÅá~Ç~= Ç~= çé´©ç= ÇÉ=Éåèì~Çê~ê=çì=å©ç=äÉÖ~äãÉåíÉ= ~=ãÉëã~I=~ëëáã=Åçãç=çë=ãçäÇÉë= ÅççéÉê~íáîáëí~ë= ~= ÇÉëÉåîçäîÉê= åç= ëÉì=ÑìíìêçK= g•= ~= ÅçåîÉêë~= çÅçêêáÇ~= Éã= kçJ îÉãÄêç= åç= oa^I= ~ÅÉåíìçì= é~ê~= oáí~=~=ÅÉêíÉò~=ÇÉ=èìÉ=åÉëëÉë=“ÅçJ äÉíáîçë=Ç~=ÅáÇ~ÇÉI=~ëëáã=Åçãç=Éã= ÅçãìåáÇ~ÇÉë= Çç= Å~ãéçI= ÉñáëíÉ= ~= îçåí~ÇÉ= ÇÉ= íê~Ä~äÜ~ê= ãçÇÉäçë=

éçäííáÅçëI=èìÉ=å©ç=ëÉà~ã=ç=Ç~=ÇÉJ ãçÅê~Åá~=êÉéêÉëÉåí~íáî~I=ã~ë=ëáã= ÇÉ= é~êíáÅáé~´©çL~Å´©çK= mçÇÉåÇç= Éëí~= éêçñáãáÇ~ÇÉ= ÅáÇ~ÇÉJÅ~ãéç= Ñ~îçêÉÅÉê= ç= ÇÉÄ~íÉ= É= ç= íê~Ä~äÜç= é~ê~= ÉåÅçåíê~ê= É= êÉéäáÅ~ê= ç= èìÉ= à•=ÉñáëíÉ=ÑÉáíçI=éçê=ÉñÉãéäçI=åÉëí~= •êÉ~= Ç~= ÇÉãçÅê~Åá~= é~êíáÅáé~íáJ î~L~Åíáî~KÒ bã=íÉêêáíµêáçë=Åçãç=ç=^äÉåíÉàçI= íÉãçë= ~ëëáã= ~= éêÉëÉå´~= ÇÉ= ìã~= “êìê~äáÇ~ÇÉÒ= îáåÇ~= Ç~ë= ÅáÇ~ÇÉë= èìÉ=ëÉ=Åêìò~=Åçã=ìã~=áãáÖê~´©ç= éêçîÉåáÉåíÉ=Çç=kçêíÉ=Ç~=bìêçé~I= Éã=Äç~=ãÉÇáÇ~=áÖì~äãÉåíÉ=•îáÇ~= É= Å~é~Åáí~Ç~= éÉä~ë= éêçéçëí~ë= ~äJ íÉêå~íáî~ë=~çë=ãçÇÉäçë=ÇÉ=ÇÉëÉåJ îçäîáãÉåíç=É=ÅêÉëÅáãÉåíç=Å~éáí~J äáëí~K=^éÉë~ê=ÇÉ=íÉê=ëáÇç=ÉëëÉ=ç=ÅÉJ å•êáç=èìÉ=ÇÉì=~òç=~ç=ëìêÖáãÉåíç= Ç~= oÉ`çI= ç= ë~äíç= èì~äáí~íáîç= é~ê~= ÅçåëáÇÉê~ê=éçëëíîÉä=~=ÉãÉêÖÆåÅá~= Ç~ë= ãÉåÅáçå~Ç~ë= éçëëáÄáäáÇ~ÇÉë= ÇÉ= ìã~= “ÇÉãçÅê~Åá~= é~êíáÅáé~íáJ

î~Ò= é~êÉÅÉ= ÉëÄ~íÉêJëÉ= ~áåÇ~= å~ë= ÇáÑáÅìäÇ~ÇÉ= çì= áåÅ~é~ÅáÇ~ÇÉë= ÇÉ= ÉëëÉë= åçîçë= ~ÅíçêÉë= åç= íÉêêáíµêáç= ëÉ= áåíÉÖê~êÉã= å~= ãÉãµêá~= É= å~= é~áë~ÖÉã=ëçÅá~äI=àìåíç=Ççë=îÉäÜçë= ~ÅíçêÉë= Çç= íÉêêáíµêáç= É= ëÉìë= ÇÉëJ ÅÉåÇÉåíÉëK=j~ë=çë=ÖÉëíçë=ëáãéäÉë= èìÉ=êÉÅìéÉê~ã=~ë=Üçêí~ëI=éçÇ~ã= ~ë= •êîçêÉëI= ÅìáÇ~ã= Ç~ë= •Öì~ë= É= Ç~ë= éä~åí~ë= èìÉ= åçë= Åìê~ãI= ÉêJ ÖìÉã= ~= íÉêê~= Ç~ë= é~êÉÇÉë= É= áäìJ ãáå~ãJå~ë= Åçã= ~= Å~ä= Äê~åÅ~I= É= ÅÉäÉÄê~ã= ~= å~íìêÉò~= ÉåíêÉ= ç= êáëç= ÇÉ= Åêá~å´~ëÁ= bëëÉë= ÖÉëíçë= éçJ ÇÉã= ~Ñáå~ä= êÉ~í~ê= çë= ä~´çë= Åçã= ç=íÉêêáíµêáç=ÇÉ=çåíÉã=É=ÇÉ=ÜçàÉ=É= Å~é~Åáí~ê=éêçàÉÅíçë=Åçãç=~= oÉÇÉ= `ççéÉê~êI= ìã~= êÉÇÉ= ÇÉ= éêçÇìíçJ êÉëLÅçåëìãáÇçêÉëI=~=íêáäÜ~ê=ç=Å~J ãáåÜç= Ç~= ~äãÉà~Ç~= Ü~êãçåá~= É= ëçäáÇ~êáÉÇ~ÇÉ=ëçÅá~äK= Rede Cooperar: reco@riseup.net http://redecooperar.blogspot.pt


MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

NOTÍCIAS À ESCALA 7

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Infografia que ilustra o processo de evolução das plantas desde a formação do planeta Terra. Desenhado e planificado por: HUMA

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Mata de Albergaria

No coração do Parque Nacional da Peneda-Gerês, é o mais próximo que existe em Portugal de um bosque pristino de carvalhoalvarinho e carvalho-negral. Terra de lobos e corços, a vegetação é exuberante e diversificada, onde musgos e fetos homogeneízam o ambiente granítico. Podemos ver espécies já pouco comuns na natureza como o azevinho e o mirtilo.

Mata da Margaraça

Inserida na Paisagem Protegida da Serra do Açor, é dominada pelo carvalho-alvarinho e pelo castanheiro. Outras espécies de folha caduca compõem este bosque de solo xistoso: aveleiras, ulmeiros, cerejeiras e nogueiras. Entrecruzam-se espécies tipicamente mediterrânicas como o medronheiro, o folhado e o loureiro com relíquias da floresta Laurissilva subtropical do Terciário como o azereiro (Prunus lusitanica), que tem aqui a sua maior área de distribuição.

Mata do Solitário

No Parque Natural da Arrábida, onde o calcário não permite a existência de cursos de água permanente, esta mata situa-se próximo do Portinho da Arrábida. Este bosque é representativo da paisagem marcadamente mediterrânica, com a particularidade de muitas das espécies que a compõem serem arbustos que aqui atingem porte arbóreo, tal como os carrascos, os medronheiros e os adernos.

Florestas de Laurissilva nos Açores e Madeira

Estas florestas caracterizam-se pela presença de espécies arbóreas, de folha grandes e persistentes, associadas a um clima ameno, como o loureiro, o vinhático e o barbusano. A sua existência deve-se ao efeito termo-regulador do Oceano Atlântico, que protegeu a vegetação da última glaciação.


MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

NOTÍCIASÀ ESCALA 9

O (Des)acordo Transatlântico(TTIP) Caso este acordo seja ratificado todos os contratos públicos lançados em Portugal e na União Europeia serão abertos a corporações estrangeiras

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Em cima: Acção num silo de areias betuminosas. O processo de extração de crude “não convencional” é altamente poluente. Em baixo: Manifestação no centro de Lisboa contra o TTIP, organizada pela plataforma Não ao Tratado Transatlântico no passado dia 11 de Outubro.

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MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

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O MAIOR PROBLEMA COLOCADO POR ESTE TRATADO É QUE ELE REPRESENTA UM RÁPIDO E DECISIVO PASSO PARA A PERDA FORMAL E EFECTIVA DO PODER, DA INDEPENDÊNCIA LOCAL E AUTONOMIA DAS POPULAÇÕES.

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éêçéçëí~= èìÉ= ëÉ= äÜÉ= çéçê•K= lë= ÇáÑÉêÉåíÉë= bëí~Ççë= å~= bìêçé~= ÑìåÅáçå~ã= ÜçàÉ= Åçãç= ÉñíÉåëõÉë= É= áåëíêìãÉåíçë= Ç~ë= Åçêéçê~´õÉë= Ñçêã~åÇç= ìã~= Öê~åÇÉ= Åçêéçê~J ´©ç=ÜÉÖÉãµåáÅ~I=èìÉI=Åçãç=ëÉ=ÇÉ= ìã~=Öê~åÇÉ=ÉãéêÉë~=ëÉ=íê~í~ëëÉI= ÅçäçÅ~= Éã= éçëá´õÉë= Éëíê~í¨ÖáÅ~ëI= Éëé~äÜ~Ç~ë=å~ë=ëì~ë=ëìÅìêë~áëI=çë= êÉéêÉëÉåí~åíÉë= Çç= Öê~åÇÉ= éçÇÉê= ÉÅçåµãáÅçK= l= ã~áçê= éêçÄäÉã~= ÅçäçÅ~Çç= éçê= ÉëíÉ= íê~í~Çç= ¨= èìÉ= ÉäÉ= êÉéêÉJ ëÉåí~=ìã=ê•éáÇç=É=ÇÉÅáëáîç=é~ëëç= é~ê~=~=éÉêÇ~=Ñçêã~ä=É=ÉÑÉÅíáî~=Çç= éçÇÉêI= Ç~= áåÇÉéÉåÇÆåÅá~= äçÅ~ä= É= ~ìíçåçãá~= Ç~ë= éçéìä~´õÉëK= aÉ= Ñ~ÅíçI=ëÉ=éçìÅç=éçÇÉê=ÇÉ=ÇÉÅáë©ç= íÉãçë= ÜçàÉ= ëçÄêÉ= Åçãç= ¨= ÖçîÉêJ å~Ç~=~=p~úÇÉI=ëçÄêÉ=ç=åçëëç=ãçJ ÇÉäç= ÇÉ= ÇÉëÉåîçäîáãÉåíç= ÉÅçåµJ ãáÅçI= ÉåÉêÖ¨íáÅç= É= ÇÉ= éêçÇì´©ç= ~äáãÉåí~êI=ç=íê~í~Çç=îÉã=Ñçêã~äáJ ò~ê=É=~ÅÉäÉê~ê=Éëë~=íÉåÇÆåÅá~=èìÉI= ëçÄ=~=~ä´~Ç~=Ç~ë=éçäííáÅ~ë=Éëí~í~áëI= à•=ëÉ=áãéìåÜ~K= kìã=ÅçåíÉñíç=ÇÉ=Åçä~éëç=ÉÅçJ äµÖáÅç= É= ÅêáëÉ= ëçÅá~ä= ÖäçÄ~áëI= ìã= íê~í~Çç= Åçãç= ÉëíÉ= ¨I= Eé~ê~= ~ä¨ã= ÇÉ=ìã~=ÇÉãçåëíê~´©ç=ÇÉ=êÉÑáå~J Çç= ë~ÇáëãçFI= é~ê~= ìåë= èì~åíçëI= ìã~=Öê~åÇÉ=ÅÉêÉà~=åç=íçéç=ÇÉ=ìã= à•= Éåçêãíëëáãç= ÄçäçI= ã~ë= å©ç= éçÇÉ= ÇÉáñ~ê= ÇÉ= ëÉê= í~ãĨã=ìã~= çéçêíìåáÇ~ÇÉ= é~ê~= èìÉI= Åçã= çêJ Ö~åáò~´©çI= ÇÉíÉêãáå~´©ç= É= ëçäáJ Ç~êáÉÇ~ÇÉ= ëÉ= ÅçãÉÅÉ= ~= êÉÅä~ã~ê= ÉëëÉ= ãÉëãç= Äçäç= èìÉ= ¨= ÇÉ= Ó= É= ÅÜÉÖ~=é~ê~=Ó=íçÇçëK


MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

12 ENTREVISTA

“Nos tribunais, não se transforma a sociedade, nem as suas classes: renova-se o sistema, conservando-lhe a dinâmica produtiva.”

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A

s rusgas policiais, como a última num bairro da Amadora, parecem estar a tornar-se cada vez mais megalómanas (200 agentes e o tanque blindado da cimeira da NATO) e banalizadas pela comunicação social. Qual a legitimidade com que a polícia pode sequestrar um bairro inteiro, tratando qualquer pessoa como suspeita, revistando até crianças? lë=ÅÉêÅçë=éçäáÅá~áë=ÇÉ=Ä~áêêçë=ÇÉ= íê~Ä~äÜ~ÇçêÉë=éçÄêÉë=å©ç=ë©ç=ìã~= åçîáÇ~ÇÉ=É=ç=Å~êêçëëÉä=ãÉÇá•íáÅç= éêÉÅáë~=ÇÉ=åçîáÇ~ÇÉ=Åçåëí~åíÉ=é~ê~= ëÉ=ëìÄëíáíìáê=~ç=ÑêÉåÉëá=Ç~=îáÇ~Á= éçáë=å©ç=åçë=éçÇÉãçë=ÉëèìÉÅÉê=èìÉ= íÉãçë=~=éçäíÅá~=èìÉ=~=~Åíì~ä=Åä~ëëÉ= Ççãáå~åíÉ=ÇÉëÉà~I=çêÖ~åáò~=É=~êã~K= `çåíìÇçI=åçë=íÉêãçë=Ç~=äÉáI=ç=éÉÇáJ Çç=ÇÉ=áÇÉåíáÑáÅ~´©çI=~=êÉîáëí~=ÇÉ=ìã~= éÉëëç~I=~=ëì~=ÇÉíÉå´©çI=íÉã=ëÉãéêÉ= ÇÉ=ÇÉÅçêêÉê=ÇÉ=ìã=àìíòç=ÑìåÇ~Çç= ÇÉ=ëìëéÉá´©ç=Ç~=éê•íáÅ~=ÇÉ=ÅêáãÉëI= çì=ëÉà~I=Éëë~=ëìëéÉá´©ç=ÇÉîÉ=íÉê=éçê=

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MANUAL DE RESISTÊNCIA CIVIL Pedro Bravo Letra Livre, 2014

~ÖÉåíÉë=éçäáÅá~áëI=Åçåíê~=ç=Åçã~åÇç= éçäáÅá~äI=ÉñáÖÉ=ìã=çìíêç=Öê~ì=ÇÉ=é~êJ íáÅáé~´©ç=åç=ëáëíÉã~I=ã~ë=ç=éáçê=¨= å©ç=Ñ~òÉê=å~Ç~K=k~=îÉêÇ~ÇÉI=êÉÅçêêÉê= ~çë=íêáÄìå~áë=éçÇÉ=Åçåëíáíìáê=ìã~= äá´©ç=Éñíê~çêÇáå•êá~=ëçÄêÉ=~=êÉ~äáÇ~ÇÉ= Çç=ëáëíÉã~I=ëçÄêÉ=~=ãçê~ä=îáÖÉåíÉ= å~ë=áåëíáíìá´õÉëK=mçáë=~=Ñìå´©ç=àìÇáJ Åá~ä=å©ç=¨=í~åíç=í¨ÅåáÅ~=Åçãç=ãçê~ä= ÉI=éçê=áëëçI=ÉëíÉ=ëáëíÉã~=íÉã=ìã=äìÖ~ê= ÇÉ=îáêíìÇÉI=èìÉ=é~êÉÅÉI=éçê=îÉòÉëI= Ñ~òÉê=êÉÅì~ê=ãáåáã~ãÉåíÉ=~=çéêÉëJ ë©çI=~áåÇ~=èìÉ=ÉñíÉãéçê~åÉ~ãÉåíÉI= ÅçãéÉåë~íçêá~ãÉåíÉK j~ë=íÆã=ÇÉ=ëÉ=çêÖ~åáò~ê>=jÉëãç= é~ê~=ëÉ=èìÉáñ~êÉãI=é~ê~=êÉÅçêêÉê=~= íêáÄìå~äI=Ñ~´~ãJåç=ÅçåàìÖ~åÇç=ÉëJ Ñçê´çëI=ÉÅçåµãáÅçë=É=äçÖíëíáÅçëI=åÉã= èìÉ=ëÉà~=éçê=ìã~=èìÉëí©ç=ÇÉ=éêçî~K= mçê=ÉñÉãéäçI=èì~åÇç=ìã=Ä~áêêç=¨= ÅÉêÅ~ÇçI=~ë=ë~íÇ~ë=Åçåíêçä~Ç~ëI=~ë= éÉëëç~ë=áåÇáëÅêáãáå~Ç~ãÉåíÉ=áÇÉåJ íáÑáÅ~Ç~ë=É=êÉîáëí~Ç~ëI=ëÉ=Ñçê=ëµ=ìã~= éÉëëç~=~=ÇáòÉê=èìÉ=“~èìÉäÉ=~ÖÉåíÉ= ÅÜ~ãçìJãÉ=~ç=ä~ÇçI=ÉñáÖáì=èìÉ=ãÉ= áÇÉåíáÑáÅ~ëëÉI=êÉîáëíçìJãÉ=Éã=éäÉå~= êì~I=çÑÉåÇÉìJãÉ=å~=ãáåÜ~=áåíÉÖêáJ Ç~ÇÉ=ÑíëáÅ~=É=ãçê~ä=É=ã~åÇçìJãÉ= ÉãÄçê~Ò=ëÉê•=ëÉãéêÉ=~=é~ä~îê~=ÇÉëë~= éÉëëç~=Åçåíê~=~=Çç=~ÖÉåíÉK= j~ë=ëÉ=ÑçêÉã=íçÇ~ë=~ë=éÉëëç~ë=èìÉ= é~ëë~ê~ã=å~èìÉä~=êì~=É=îáîÉê~ã=~= ãÉëã~=ëáíì~´©ç=à•=ëÉ=íçêå~=ÇáÑÉêÉåíÉ= Éã=íÉêãçë=ÇÉ=éêçî~I=Ç~=ëì~=Ñçê´~=É= ÅêÉÇáÄáäáÇ~ÇÉK=mçê=áëëçI=~=çêÖ~åáò~´©ç= ¨=åÉÅÉëë•êá~I=Çáëëç=å©ç=íÉåÜç=ÇúîáÇ~= åÉåÜìã~I=åÉã=èìÉ=ëÉà~=é~ê~=çë=åíJ îÉáë=ã~áë=Ä•ëáÅçë=Ç~=êÉëáëíÆåÅá~W=ìã= Åçåíê~=ìã=å©ç=ÑìåÅáçå~K No último verão, polícias e jornalistas tornaram-se obcecados com encontros de adolescentes, os famosos meets. No encontro que esteve na origem de tudo, no C.C. Vasco da Gama, a polícia agrediu vários jovens, incluindo uma mulher grávida. Já dois jovens (negros) sem quaisquer antecedentes foram condenados, com uma procuradora do M.P. a assegurar que “não há racismo em Portugal”. Perante esta cumplicidade entre a polícia e os tribunais, será possível nestes casos esperar alguma justiça pela via judicial? aÉëÇÉ=äçÖçI=Çç=èìÉ=¨=èìÉ=ëÉ=Ñ~ä~= èì~åÇç=ëÉ=áåîçÅ~=~=åç´©ç=ÇÉ=àìëíá´~= å~=éêçÇì´©ç=ëçÅá~ä\=°=èìÉ=å©ç=ëÉ= àìäÖìÉ=èìÉ=ëÉ=íê~í~=Ç~=ãÉëã~=Åçáë~= èì~åÇç=~=Åä~ëëÉ=Ççãáå~åíÉ=çì=çë= Éëíê~íçë=áåíÉêã¨Çáçë=Ñ~ä~ã=ÇÉ=àìëíáJ ´~I=çì=èì~åÇç=~ë=Åä~ëëÉë=ëìÄ~äíÉêå~ë= Ñ~ä~ã=ÇÉ=àìëíá´~K=mçê=ãìáíç=èìÉ=ëÉ= ÉåÅçåíêÉ=ìã=ëìÄëíê~íç=äáåÖìíëíáÅç=çì= Ä~ëÉ=ÇÉ=ëáÖåáÑáÅ~´©ç=ÅçãìãI=å©ç=ÇáJ òÉã=~=ãÉëã~=Åçáë~=ÅçåÅêÉí~ãÉåíÉK= mçêí~åíçI=é~êÉÅÉJãÉ=èìÉ=ëÉê•=éçìÅç= êÉäÉî~åíÉ=èì~åÇç=ëÉ=íÉåí~=~äáÅÉê´~ê= åìã~=åç´©ç=ÇÉ=àìëíá´~=ç=ÇáëÅìêëç= ÅçåíÉëí~í•êáç=ëçÄêÉ=~=éêçÇì´©ç= ëçÅá~äW=~ë=Åä~ëëÉë=É=~ë=ëì~ë=Ñê~Å´õÉë= å©ç=ÇáòÉã=ç=ãÉëãç=èì~åÇç=ìë~ã= ~=ãÉëã~=é~ä~îê~I=Ç~Çç=èìÉ=å©ç=ëÉ= íê~í~=Çç=ãÉëãç=ÅçåÅÉáíçK=^ëëáãI=ëÉ= Éëí~ãçë=¶=ÉëéÉê~=èìÉ=Ü~à~=~äÖìã= êÉÄ~íÉ=ÇÉ=ÅçåëÅáÆåÅá~=Ç~=Åä~ëëÉ=ÇáêáJ ÖÉåíÉI=ç=ãÉäÜçê=¨=Ñ~òÉê=çìíê~=Åçáë~K mçê=çìíêç=ä~ÇçI=å©ç=ëÉ=íê~í~=ÇÉ= ÅìãéäáÅáÇ~ÇÉ=ÉåíêÉ=éçäíÅá~ë=É=íêáJ Äìå~áëI=ã~ë=Çç=ÑìåÅáçå~ãÉåíç=Éã= Çáëíáåíçë=åíîÉáë=Çç=ãÉëãç=ëáëíÉã~K= kÉëëÉ=ëÉåíáÇçI=Ü•=èìÉ=éÉêÅÉÄÉê=èìÉ= ~ë=éçäíÅá~ë=ÑìåÅáçå~ã=Åçãç=ìã~= ã•èìáå~=ÇÉ=ÅçêíÉI=Éä~ë=áåíÉêêçãéÉã= ç=Ñäìñç=ÜáëíµêáÅçI=ëçÅá~ä=É=ÉÅçåµãáÅçI= èìÉ=ÇÉéçáë=ç=ãáåáëí¨êáç=éúÄäáÅç=ÅêáëJ í~äáò~I=Ñê~ÖãÉåí~=É=Éãé~Åçí~=Éã=~ÅìJ ë~´õÉë=çì=~êèìáî~ãÉåíçëI=Éåèì~åíç= çë=íêáÄìå~áë=éÉå~áë=ÑìåÅáçå~ã=Åçãç= ã•èìáå~ë=ÇÉ=ÑäìñçI=êÉëí~ìê~åÇç=~= éêçÇì´©ç=ëçÅá~ä=É=íê~åëÑçêã~åÇç=~=


MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

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Bitcoin: as ilusões do preciosismo técnico

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No início de 2011, a Bitcoin movimentava uma economia que ultrapassava um milhão de dólares e a sua cotação equiparava a do dólar. Com o seu valor a aumentar aparecem também as primeiras notícias de extravios, como consequência de falhas de segurança encontradas no sistema.

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MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

BITCOIN, TRANSAÇÕES E ANONIMATO 15 ATM Bitcoin (multibanco) instalada no centro comercial Saldanha em Lisboa. Estas máquinas têm-se multiplicado por vários paises desde Outubro de 2013, data em que o primeiro equipamento foi instalado em Vancouver, no Canadá.

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Natoshi Sakamoto define o seu invento como “um sistema de transacções electrónicas que não depende da confiança”. Desta afirmação deduz-se que o código e os algoritmos passam a assumir o papel da lei, cuja função é garantir o cumprimentos de contratos, assegurar direitos de propriedade e regular a circulação do dinheiro.

å©ç=êÉéêÉëÉåí~=ã~áë=Çç=èìÉ=ìã~= Ñ~ä•Åá~I= É= Éã= å~Ç~= ~äíÉê~= çë= ÑìåJ Ç~ãÉåíçë=Çç=ãçÇÉäç=ÉÅçåµãáÅç= îáÖÉåíÉI= çì= çë= éêáîáä¨Öáçë= Ççë= ëÉìë= éêáåÅáé~áë= ÄÉåÉÑáÅá•êáçëK= °= åÉÅÉëë•êáç= ÉåÅçåíê~ê= çìíê~ë= ÑçêJ ã~ë= ÇÉ= éÉåë~ê= ~= ÉÅçåçãá~I= å©ç= Åçãç= ÅáÆåÅá~= ëÉé~ê~Ç~= Ç~= îáÇ~I= ã~ë= Åçãç= ã~åáÑÉëí~´©ç= ÇÉëí~= åìã=íçÇç=áåÇáëëçÅá•îÉäK=pµ=~=ÅçåJ ëíêì´©ç= ÇÉ= êÉä~´õÉë= ÇÉ= ÅçåÑá~å´~= ÉåíêÉ=áåÇáîíÇìçë=É=ÉåíêÉ=ÅçãìåáJ Ç~ÇÉë=åçë=äáÄÉêí~ê•=Ç~=~ìíçêáÇ~ÇÉ= Ççë=Ä~åÅçëI=Ççë=ÖçîÉêåçë=çì=Ç~ë= êÉÖê~ë=áãéêÉÖå~Ç~ë=åçë=ÄáíëK /// NOTAS 1 Bitcoin: el universalismo como error de diseño, David de Ugarte, El Correo de la Indias, 11-05-2014. 2 The Crypto-anarchist Manifesto, Tim May, Usenet, 1988. 3 Em 1991, o programador e activista anti-nuclear Phil Zimmerman, criou o program a informático PGP (Pretty Good Privacy), para facilitar o uso pessoal de criptografia de chave pública em emails, textos, ficheiros e directórios. O programa foi disponibilizado para download gratuitamente, juntamente com o código fonte. Pouco tempo depois, a encriptação PGP ficou disponível fora dos Estados Unidos e Zimmerman tornou-se alvo de investigação criminal por “exportação de munições”. Os sistemas criptográficos, com chaves superiores a 40 bits, eram na altura considerados “munições”, segundo a definição da lei americana que regulava as exportações. 4 Autodenominados Cypherpunks. 5 Pseudónimo de indivíduo ou colectivo que permanece anónimo até à actualidade. 6 Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System, Satoshi Nakamoto, The Cryptography Mailing List (metzdowd.com), 2008. 7 Bitcointalk (http://bitcointalk.org), laszio, 2205-2010. 8 Conteúdos anónimos da web que não estão indexados nos motores de busca convencionais e só podem ser acedidos através de software especializado. 9 Entre outros, canábis, cocaína e heroína. 10 Distributed Denial-of-Service 11 Arquitectura de redes de computadores, onde cada ponto (ou nó) funciona simultaneamente como cliente e servidor, sem necessidade de um servidor central, configurando uma topologia distribuida. Este conceito passou também a ser utilizado em dinâmicas sociais. 12 Criptografia de chave pública e hashing. 13 Por exemplo, a Cooperativa Integral Catalã suporta as criptomoedas e alguns dos seus membros participam no desenvolvimento do projecto DarkWallet, que tem por objectivo incrementar a privacidade da Bitcoin.


MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

18 LATITUDES

Na faixa pode-se ler: Contra o Aeroporto e o seu mundo

Semear a resistência

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MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

OCUPAÇÕES RURAIS NA EUROPA 19 Em novembro de 2011, mil pessoas marcharam de enxada em mão para ocupar um terreno para uma horta coletiva na ZAD, França. Fotografia: Anne-Marie Chabod, acipa-ndl.fr

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O Testet é uma de muitas sementes de resistência que brotaram por toda a França quando desde NotreDame-des-Landes se espalhou o slogan “ZAD partout” (ZAD por toda a parte).

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ë~=íÉêê~=~Ä~åÇçå~Ç~=çì=Åçã=ìëç= ãìáíç=éçìÅç=~ÇÉèì~ÇçK=c~ò=ëÉåJ íáÇç= çÅìé~ê= ÅçäÉíáî~ãÉåíÉ= é~ê~= åçë= ~äáãÉåí~êãçëI= êÉÅìéÉê~ê= çë= ìëçë=íê~ÇáÅáçå~áë=Ç~=íÉêê~I=éêçíÉJ ÖÉê= çë= ÉÅçëëáëíÉã~ë= äçÅ~áëKÒ= Çáò= dìáääÉãI=èìÉ=îáîÉ=å~=`~å=j~ëÇÉìI= ÅÉåíêç= ëçÅá~ä= É= íÉêêÉåç= ~ÖêíÅçä~= çÅìé~Çç= Ü•= NO= ~åçë= å~= éÉêáÑÉêá~= ÇÉ=_~êÅÉäçå~K= l= Éëé~´ç= à•= Ñçá= ìã= Üçëéáí~ä= é~ê~= äÉéêçëçë= É= Éëí~î~= Ü•= ǨÅ~J Ç~ë=~ç=~Ä~åÇçåçK=“oÉÅìéÉê•ãçë= ç=ìëç=~ÖêíÅçä~=ã~ë=í~ãĨã=ç=ìëç= ëçÅá~ä= Ç~= íÉêê~I= ~ÄêáåÇçJ~= ÅçãJ éäÉí~ãÉåíÉ=~ç=Ä~áêêçK=k~ë=Üçêí~ë= Åçãìåáí•êá~ë= é~êíáÅáé~ã= ÅÉã= éÉëëç~ëI=ÇÉ=íçÇ~ë=~ë=áÇ~ÇÉë=É=çêáJ ÖÉåëK=aÉëÉåîçäîÉãçë=éêçàÉíçë=ÇÉ= ÉÇìÅ~´©ç= ~ÖêçJÉÅçäµÖáÅ~K= c~òÉJ ãçë=é©çI=ÅÉêîÉà~=~êíÉë~å~äI=çêÖ~J åáò~ãçë=ìã~=Å~åíáå~=éçéìä~êKKKÒK= l= àçîÉã= Å~í~ä©ç= Ñ~ò= é~êíÉ= ÇÉ= ìã~= Ç~ë= êÉÇÉë= êÉÖáçå~áë= ÇÉÇáÅ~J Ç~ë= ¶= ëçÄÉê~åá~= ~äáãÉåí~ê= èìÉ= ëìêÖáê~ã= Éã= íÉêêáíµêáç= Éëé~åÜçäK= “^= ÅçåÑäáíì~äáÇ~ÇÉ= É= ~= ãçÄáäáò~J ´©ç= éçê= ìã= ä~ÇçI= É= ~= Åêá~´©ç= ÇÉ= ~äíÉêå~íáî~ë= éçê= çìíêçI= Éëí©ç= ~= îáîÉê= ìã= ãçãÉåíç= ÇÉ= ÉëéäÉåJ ÇçêK= bëé~åÜ~= íáåÜ~= ~Åìãìä~Çç= ìã~=Üáëíçêá~=ÇÉ=êÉëáëíÆåÅá~I=ìã~= Åìäíìê~=éêµéêá~K=`çã=~=ÅêáëÉ=íìÇç= ÅêÉëÅÉì=É=ëÉ=ÇáîÉêëáÑáÅçìKÒ aÉëÇÉ=éêçàÉíçë=ÚêìêÄ~åçëÛ=ÄÉã= Éëí~ÄÉäÉÅáÇçëI= Åçãç= ~ë= Úçâìé~ëÛ= `~å= j~ëÇÉì= É= `~å= m~ëâì~äI= çì= ç=_^e>U=Ó==áåáÅá~Çç=Éã=OMMM=Åçã= ~=çÅìé~´©ç=ÇÉ=íÉêêÉåçë=~ÖêíÅçä~ë= éúÄäáÅçëI=ÜçàÉ=~äáãÉåí~=OPM=Éëé~J ´çë=ÇÉ=j~ÇêáÇ=Åçã=Ä~ëÉ=å~=~ÖêçJ ÉÅçäçÖá~= É= å~= ~ìíçÖÉëí©ç= Ó= ~í¨= ¶=


MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

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“Convidamos-vos a entrar em contacto com o movimento de ‘okupação’ e repovoamento rural, apoiando coletivos ou criando novos projetos. Defendendo o território das garras do Estado e do mercado” “Não ocupo porque fui expulso das minhas terras – mas precisamente porque já nascemos sem terra.” afirma Zou, parisiense que vive na ZAD desde 2011 ÇÉáñ~ê= éÉêÇÉê= ÉëëÉ= é~íêáãµåáç= ~ÖêíÅçä~I=ÇÉ=íÉêê~´çëI=éç´çëI=ëáëíÉJ ã~ë= ÇÉ= áêêáÖ~´©çI= ãçáåÜçëÒI= ~ÑáêJ ã~=dìáääÉãK k~ë= ~äÇÉá~ë= çÅìé~Ç~ë= ÇÉ= k~J î~êê~=êÉÅìéÉêçìJëÉ=ç=~ìòçä~å=Eçì= íçêå~ääçåëFI= éê•íáÅ~= ~åÅÉëíê~ä= Ç~= êìê~äáÇ~ÇÉ= Ä~ëÅ~W= ~äíÉêå~Ç~ãÉåJ íÉI=Å~Ç~=~äÇÉá~=çêÖ~åáò~=àçêå~Ç~ë= ÇÉ=íê~Ä~äÜç=Åçãìåáí•êáç=Ó==Åçãç= ÅçäÜÉáí~ë= çì= íê~Ä~äÜçë= ÇÉ= ÅçåëJ íêì´©ç= Ó= ëÉÖìáÇç= ÇÉ= ÅÉäÉÄê~´õÉë= ÅçäÉíáî~ëK= kÉëí~ë= ÉåÅçëí~ë= éê¨éáJ êÉå~áÅ~ë=Åìäíáî~ãJëÉ=~ë=áÇÉá~ë=Ç~= ~ìíçJÖÉëí©ç=É=Çç=~éçáç=ãúíìçI=Ç~= ÉÇìÅ~´©ç=~äíÉêå~íáî~I=Ç~=ÉÅçäçÖá~= ëçÅá~ä=É=Çç=ÑÉãáåáëãçK= k~=^åÇ~äìòá~I=¨=ç=p^q=J=páåÇáÅ~J íç= ^åÇ~äìò= ÇÉ= qê~Ä~à~ÇçêÉë= EÜÉêJ ÇÉáêç=Çç=pl`=J=páåÇáÅ~íç=ÇÉ=lÄêÉJ

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MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

LATITUDES 21

JONAS

Rojava: Guerra e Revolução TEÓFILO FAGUNDES TEÓFILOFAGUNDES@JORNALMAPA.PT

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Desde a sua instauração, em 2012, a região autónoma democrática de Rojava (o conjunto desses três cantões) tem sofrido um duro bloqueio económico e uma forte pressão militar, acima de tudo por parte da Turquia, talvez numa tentativa de fazer o projecto autonómico falhar.


MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

22 LATITUDES

Turquia Cantão de Jazira

Mar Mediterrâneo

Cantão de Afrin

Cantão de Kobanê

Síria Líbano

Iraque

Israel Jordânia

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Órfãos de líder e de modelo, com o desabar da experiência soviética, os partidários do PKK e do PYD começaram a ler artigos de filósofos, feministas, anarquistas e ecologistas sociais. ÇÉ= mêçíÉÅ´©ç= mçéìä~êF= É= îçäìåí•êáçë= Åçåíáåì~ã= ëÉã= ÅçåëÉÖìáê= ~íê~îÉëJ ë~ê= ~= ÑêçåíÉáê~= ÇÉ= Ñçêã~= äÉÖ~äK= m~ê~= ~ä¨ã= ÇáëëçI= Ü•= éêçî~ë= áêêÉÑìí•îÉáë= ÇÉ= ~àìÇ~= ã~íÉêá~ä= ÅçåÅêÉí~= ~ç= bfI= èìÉ= é~êÉÅÉ= Å~Ç~= îÉò= ã~áë= ìã~= ÉñíÉåë©ç= Ç~= qìêèìá~= åç= ëÉì= ~Ñ©= ÇÉ= ëÉ= îáåÖ~ê= ÇÉÑáåáíáî~ãÉåíÉ=Ççë=ÅìêÇçëK=p~ÄÉ=èìÉ= ìã~= îáíµêá~= ÅìêÇ~= åÉëí~= Ä~í~äÜ~= áê•= Ñçêí~äÉÅÉê= ç= ëÉì= îÉäÜç= áåáãáÖç= mhhK= b= ~ÅêÉÇáí~= èìÉ= Å~Ç~= éçëá´©ç= èìÉ= ~ë= ãáäíÅá~ë=éÉêÇÉã=¨=ìã~=èìÉÄê~=å~=Å~J é~ÅáÇ~ÇÉ=å~=ãÉë~=ÇÉ=åÉÖçÅá~´õÉëK=aÉ= Ñ~ÅíçI=é~êÉÅÉ=µÄîáç=èìÉ=ç=bf=å©ç=íÉêá~= ÅêÉëÅáÇç=åÉã=Åçåèìáëí~Çç=í~åíç=ëÉã= ç=~éçáç=Ç~=qìêèìá~K

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Mapa dos Cantões de Afrin, Kobanê e Jazira, criados na zona de Rojava (Curdistão Ocidental) depois da retirada do exército de Assad

Grupo de milicianas do YPJ(Unidades de Protecção de Mulheres)

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MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

ROJAVA, A REVOLUÇÃO SITIADA 23 Funcionamento concreto do sistema de comunas A Primavera Árabe chegou à Síria em 2011 e expandiu-se em pouco tempo para Afrin, Jazira e Kobanê, onde se revelou forte e eficaz, a ponto de ter contribuído de forma decisiva para a retirada do exército sírio dos cantões curdos. Com o espírito assembleário bem presente, o povo dessas regiões, com o apoio do PYD e do PKK, formou o Tev-Dem (Tevgera Civaka Demokratîk – Movimento da Sociedade Democrática). Com a retirada do poder sírio, a situação ameaçava tornar-se caótica e o Tev-Dem iniciou a implementação dos seus programas. Programas extraordinariamente inclusivos, mas de organização pré-estabelecida a que se adere ou não. Programas com tudo antecipadamente pensado. Em primeiro lugar, criar uma quantidade de grupos, comités e comunas nos bairros, aldeias e cidades, com o papel de se envolverem em todos os aspectos da sua sociedade: questões de género, ambiente, educação, saúde. Hoje, estes grupos têm reuniões semanais onde falam dos problemas de onde vivem. Nas cidades, têm o seu representante no grupo principal, chamado “Casa do Povo”. As comunas foram criadas um pouco por todo

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o lado. Baseadas no princípio da participação directa na gestão das ruas, dos bairros, das aldeias e das cidades. São os lugares onde as pessoas com mais de 16 anos se organizam voluntariamente para falarem e procurarem soluções para os seus problemas sociais, políticos, ambientais e de segurança. O corpo executivo desta “auto-administração democrática” é eleito pela Assembleia Popular e tem autonomia para implementar e executar as decisões da Casa do Povo. Quase metade dos seus membros são mulheres. Está organizado de forma a que pessoas de todos os géneros, nacionalidades e crenças possam participar. Na maioria das zonas, as decisões são tomadas de acordo com os princípios do consenso. Há cuidados para que uma pessoa não domine os processos. Das suas mãos já saiu um Contrato Social, uma Lei dos Transportes, uma Lei dos Partidos. No Contrato Social, pode ler-se na primeira página: “as áreas de democracia autogerida não aceitam os conceitos de nacionalismo estatal, exército ou religião, gestão e governo centralizados, mas estão abertas a formas compatíveis com as tradições da democracia e do pluralismo”. Há dezenas de partidos. A maioria em oposição ao PYD, ao Tev-Dem e à auto-administração democrática. A única restrição que têm é a de não poderem ter guerrilheiros ou milícias sob seu comando.

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O exército turco mantém-se na fronteira a impedir que reforços, armas e munições cheguem aos defensores de Kobanê, ao mesmo tempo que abre poros para que jihadistas a atravessem. å~ë=éçéìä~êÉë=Åçãç=µêÖ©çë=Ä~ëÉ= Çç=ÉñÉêÅíÅáç=ÇÉ=ÇÉãçÅê~Åá~=ÇáêÉÅJ í~K=rã=ëáëíÉã~=Åçã=ìã~=Öê~åÇÉ= éêÉçÅìé~´©ç=Åçã=~=áÖì~äÇ~ÇÉ=ÇÉ= Ö¨åÉêç= É= ~= éêçíÉÅ´©ç= ~ãÄáÉåí~äK= ^= “~ìíçåçãá~= ÇÉãçÅê•íáÅ~Ò= Ñçá= ~= éÉÇê~= ÇÉ= íçèìÉ= íɵêáÅ~= é~ê~= ~= Ñçêã~´©ç= É= ~= ~Çãáåáëíê~´©ç= Ççë= Å~åíõÉë=ÇÉ=^ÑêáåI=g~òáê~=É=hçÄ~åÆI= å~=píêá~=Eçì=ãÉäÜçêI=åç=`ìêÇáëí©ç= lÅáÇÉåí~äI= çì= oçà~î~FI= ÇÉéçáë= Ç~= êÉíáê~Ç~=Çç=Éñ¨êÅáíç=ÇÉ=^ëë~ÇI=åç= ëÉÖìáãÉåíç= Ç~= ãáäáí~êáò~´©ç= Ç~= êÉîçäì´©ç= ëíêá~= É= Çç= Éëí~ä~ê= Ç~= ÖìÉêê~=ÅáîáäKQ rã=éçÇÉê=ÇÉë~é~êÉÅá~=É=å©ç=Éê~= ëìÄëíáíìíÇç=éçê=çìíêç=ëÉãÉäÜ~åíÉI= ãÉëãç= èìÉ= ÇÉ= ëáå~ä= ~é~êÉåíÉJ ãÉåíÉ=Åçåíê•êáçI=Åçãç=çÅçêêÉI=ÇÉ= êÉëíçI=å~=Öê~åÇÉ=ã~áçêá~=Ç~èìáäç=~= èìÉ=åçë=Ü~Äáíì•ãçë=~=ÅÜ~ã~ê=ÇÉ= êÉîçäì´õÉëK= lë= ÅìêÇçë= ëÉÖìáê~ã= é~ê~= Å~ãáåÜçë= åçîçëI= ~ëëÉåíÉë= Éã= Q= éáä~êÉëW= ~= êÉîçäì´©ç= ÇÉîÉ=

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/// NOTAS 1 Não é possível determinar o número exacto de curdos que vivem no Médio Oriente, principalmente devido à relutância dos vários governos das regiões habitadas por curdos em fornecer dados importantes. 2 A história que se conta nos meios de comunicação explica todas as alterações do PKK e do PYD unicamente através da “visão” de Oçalan. Diz-se que, na prisão, tropeçou em Murray Bookchin (escritor anarquista, percursor das ideias da ecologia social), adoptou o seu “municipalismo libertário” e, com algumas modificações, rebaptizou-o de “confederalismo democrático” e, mesmo atrás de grades, promoveu a criação do Grupo de Comunidades do Curdistão (Koma Civakên Kurdistan, ou KCK), uma experiência territorial do PKK de uma sociedade livre e de democracia directa. 3 Há, aliás, um texto que explora as semelhanças entre Rogava e Chiapas (http://roarmag.org/2014/07/ rojava-autonomy-syrian-kurds/) 4 Como curiosidade, refira-se que Janet Biehl, viúva de Bookchin, tem estudado as KCK no terreno e tem escrito sobre as suas experiências do site http://new-compass.net. Também traduziu e publicou o livro Democratic Autonomy in North Kurdistan: The Council Movement, Gender Liberation, and Ecology (2013) 5 O texto completo da Constituição de Rojava pode ser encontrado em castelhano, por exemplo em http://www.resumenlatinoamericano.org/?p=5926

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MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

24 LATITUDES

À espera da mãe Rússia

A guerra civil ucraniana e sua contextualização geo-política, vista por um fotojornalista que, no último ano, tem documentado o conflito que conta já com mais de 4300 mortos. TEXTO E FOTOGRAFIAS: WILLIAM SANDS

WILLIAMSANDS@FRACTURESPHOTO.COM FRACTURESPHOTO.COM

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Éëí~ÄÉäÉÅÉåÇç= ìã= éçîç~Çç= äáîêÉ= å~ë=ã~êÖÉåë=Çç=êáç=aÉåá¨éêÉK=lë= Åçëë~Åçë= ë©ç= ÅÉäÉÄê~Ççë= éÉäçë= å~Åáçå~äáëí~ë= ìÅê~åá~åçë= Åçãç= ìã~= ãííáÅ~= å~´©ç= ÖìÉêêÉáê~K= båJ èì~åíç= ÇÉêê~ÇÉáêçë= çéêáãáÇçëI= ÉëíÉë= ÜÉêµáë= å~Åáçå~áë= äìí~ê~ã= éÉä~= áåÇÉéÉåÇÆåÅá~= Çç= ëÉì= é~íë= ~íê~î¨ë= Ç~= Üáëíµêá~K= ^éÉë~ê= ÇáëëçI= ~= Éñé~åë©ç= ëçîá¨íáÅ~= áêá~= ÉîÉåJ íì~äãÉåíÉ= Éëã~Ö~ê= ~= çêÖìäÜçë~= áÇÉåíáÇ~ÇÉ= Åçëë~Å~K= båíêÉ= NVPO= É=NVPPI=pí~äáå=¨=~Åìë~Çç=ÇÉ=çêÖ~J åáò~ê=å~=rÅêßåá~=ç=“eçäçÇçãçêÒI= ìã~= ÑçãÉ= ÇÉî~ëí~Ççê~= éêçîçÅ~J Ç~= éÉäç= Éëí~ÇçI= èìÉ= ã~íçì= ã~áë= ÇÉ=ìã=ãáäÜ©ç=É=ãÉáç=ÇÉ=éÉëëç~ëK= aìê~åíÉ=~=çÅìé~´©ç=å~òáI=ãìáíçë= ìÅê~åá~åçë= å~Åáçå~äáëí~ë= É= í•êJ í~êçë= Ç~= `êáãÉá~= Ñçê~ã= Åçä~ÄçJ ê~Åáçåáëí~ëI= ÅÜÉÖ~åÇç= ãÉëãç= ~= ~Ççéí~ê=~äÖìåë=Ççë=éáä~êÉë=ÑìåÇ~J ãÉåí~áë= Çç= å~Åáçå~äJëçÅá~äáëãç= ~äÉã©çK=`çãç=êÉëìäí~ÇçI=ã~áë=ÇÉ= OPM= ãáä= í•êí~êçë= Ç~= `êáãÉá~= ÑçJ

ê~ã= ÇÉéçêí~Ççë= é~ê~= ~ë= ÉëíÉéÉë= da Ásia central como forma de Å~ëíáÖç= ÅçäÉÅíáîçK= cçê~ã= ëìÄëíáJ íìíÇçë=éçê=éÉëëç~ë=ÇÉ=Éíåá~=êìëë~= èìÉ=íáåÜ~ã=ëáÇç=ÇÉëäçÅ~Ç~ë=é~ê~= ~=rÅêßåá~=ëçîá¨íáÅ~=é~ê~=íê~Ä~äÜ~ê= å~ë=áåÇúëíêá~ë=ÑäçêÉëÅÉåíÉëK aÉëÇÉ=~=èìÉÇ~=Çç=ãìêç=ÇÉ=_ÉêJ äáã=É=Çç=Åçä~éëç=Ç~=råá©ç=pçîá¨íáJ Å~I=çë=éçäííáÅçë=ìÅê~åá~åçë=É=~=ÉÅçJ åçãá~=å~Åáçå~ä=Ñçê~ã=ÑçêíÉãÉåíÉ= áåÑäìÉåÅá~Ççë= éÉä~= ~ëÅÉåë©ç= ÇÉ= ìã~= çäáÖ~êèìá~= êÉÖáçå~ä= É= å~ÅáçJ å~äK= bëíÉë= çäáÖ~êÅ~ë= ÄÉåÉÑáÅá~ê~ã= ~ãáúÇÉ= Ççë= ä~´çë= ÑçêíÉë= èìÉ= íáJ åÜ~ã= Åçã= ~= oúëëá~I= Ö~ê~åíáåÇç= åÉÖµÅáçë=áåíÉêå~Åáçå~áë=çé~Åçë=É= äìÅê~íáîçë= èìÉ= êÉÑçê´~ê~ã= ç= ëÉì= éçÇÉê= å~= rÅêßåá~K= cçáJëÉ= íÉÅÉåJ Çç=ìã~=î~ëí~=êÉÇÉ=ÇÉ=åÉéçíáëãçI= Åçêêìé´©ç= É= ÇÉ= áåíáãáÇ~´©ç= å~= é~áë~ÖÉã=éçäííáÅ~=É=ÉÅçåµãáÅ~=Ç~= rÅêßåá~K=`çãç=êÉëìäí~ÇçI=ãìáíçë= ìÅê~åá~åçë=~ëëçÅá~ã=ÇáêÉÅí~ãÉåJ íÉ=~ë=éçäííáÅ~ë=áåíÉêå~Åáçå~áë=êìëJ

Situada no coração do continente europeu, a Ucrânia foi sempre um importante campo de batalha para exércitos estrangeiros rivais. Vikings, góticos, bizantinos, mongóis, polacos, czaristas, nazis e soviéticos, todos eles lutaram e morreram pelo controlo da região.


MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

DE MAIDAN A DONETSK 25 Após a queda do governo, alguns membros da oligarquia ucraniana renasceram como políticos proeminentes do Maidan, com as suas fervorosas plataformas anti-russas, e alguns nacionalistas ucranianos radicais introduziram-se estrategicamente nos novos aparelhos de segurança do país. ë~ë=~=ìã~=ÖÉëí©ç=éçäííáÅ~=É=ÉÅçåµãáÅ~= ã•I= ÇáëÑìåÅáçå~ä= ÉI= ÑêÉèìÉåíÉãÉåíÉI= Åêáãáåçë~=Çç=ëÉì=é~íëK bã= g~åÉáêçI= ~= ÅáÇ~ÇÉJíÉåÇ~= èìÉ= íáåÜ~= îáëáí~Çç= åç= j~áÇ~å= ãÉëÉë= ~åJ íÉë= íáåÜ~= ~ìãÉåí~Çç= ~í¨= ç= éçåíç= ÇÉ= ëÉ= íê~åëÑçêã~ê= åìã= äÉî~åí~ãÉåíç= å~Åáçå~äK= lë= ÉÇáÑíÅáçë= ÖçîÉêå~ãÉåJ í~áëI=í~åíç=ãìåáÅáé~áë=Åçãç=ÑÉÇÉê~áëI= Å~íê~ã= å~= ã©çë= Ççë= ã~åáÑÉëí~åíÉë= Çç= j~áÇ~å= Åçãç= ÇçãáåµëK= bã= iîáîI= Ñ~ãíäá~ë= ÇÉ= ëçäÇ~Ççë= Ä~êêáÅ~ê~ã= ~ë= Éåíê~Ç~ë= Ççë= èì~êí¨áë= çåÇÉ= çë= ëÉìë= ÑáäÜçë= Éëí~î~ã= Éëí~Åáçå~Ççë= é~ê~= áãéÉÇáê=èìÉ=ÑçëëÉã=ÇÉëí~Å~Ççë=é~ê~= êÉéêáãáê= çë= ã~åáÑÉëí~åíÉëK= `~Ç~= îÉò= ã~áë= ~Åíáîáëí~ë= Çç= j~áÇ~å= á~ã= ÇÉJ ë~é~êÉÅÉåÇçI= ëÉåÇç= çë= ëÉìë= Åçêéçë= ã~áë= í~êÇÉ= ÉåÅçåíê~Ççë= å~ë= ÑäçêÉëí~ë=

¶=îçäí~=ÇÉ=háÉîK ^=NV=ÇÉ=cÉîÉêÉáêç=ÇÉ=OMNQI=ç=ÖçîÉêJ åç=ÇÉ=v~åìâçîóÅÜ=ÇÉì=~=çêÇÉã=é~ê~= ÇÉëéÉà~ê= ~= éê~´~= j~áÇ~å= ÇÉ= háÉîK= ^= ~Å´©ç= Ç~= éçäíÅá~= ê~éáÇ~ãÉåíÉ= ~Å~J Äçì=åìã=ã~ëë~ÅêÉI=¶=ãÉÇáÇ~=èìÉ=çë= ~íáê~ÇçêÉë=Ñìêíáîçë=Çç=ÖçîÉêåç=Çáëé~J ê~î~ã= ëçÄêÉ= ~= ãìäíáÇ©çK= ^= ëÉÇÉ= Çç= páåÇáÅ~íç=k~Åáçå~äI=~Öçê~=~=ëÉÇÉ=å©ç= çÑáÅá~ä= Ç~= êÉîçäì´©çI= Ñçá= íçí~äãÉåíÉ= èìÉáã~Ç~K= mÉäç= ãÉåçë= NNM= ã~åáÑÉëJ í~åíÉë= Çç= j~áÇ~å= É= NU= éçäíÅá~ë= ãçêJ êÉê~ã= Çìê~åíÉ= çë= ÅçãÄ~íÉëK= ^= OO= ÇÉ= cÉîÉêÉáêçI= ç= éêÉëáÇÉåíÉ= v~åìâçîóÅÜ= ÑìÖáì=ÇÉ=háÉîK=pµ=êÉ~é~êÉÅÉì=ìã~=ëÉJ ã~å~=ã~áë=í~êÇÉ=Éã=oçëíçî=sçå=açåI= åç=ëìä=Ç~=oúëëá~K aÉëÇÉ=ç=j~áÇ~åI=ãìáíçë=àçêå~äáëí~ë= É=ÅçãÉåí~ÇçêÉë=éçäííáÅçë=åç=çÅáÇÉåíÉ=

~éçåí~ê~ã= ~= êÉÅìë~= ÇÉ= v~åìâçîóÅÜ= Éã= ~ëëáå~ê= ìã= ~ÅçêÇç= ÇÉ= ~ëëçÅá~´©ç= Åçã=~=råá©ç=bìêçéÉá~I=èìÉ=îáë~î~=ÉåJ Åçê~à~ê=~=áåíÉÖê~´©ç=ÉìêçéÉá~=Ç~=rÅêßJ åá~I= Åçãç= Å~ìë~= é~ê~= ~= ëì~= èìÉÇ~K= e~îá~=~=íÉåÇÆåÅá~=~=êÉÅì~ê=é~ê~=ìã~= äµÖáÅ~= ÇÉ= ÖìÉêê~= Ñêá~I= ÇÉëÅêÉîÉåÇç= ~= êÉîçäì´©ç=Ç~=j~áÇ~å=Åçãç=Åçåíáåì~J ´©ç=ÇÉ=ìã~=äìí~=¨éáÅ~=ÉåíêÉ=çë=î~äçêÉë= äáÄÉê~áë= ÇÉãçÅê•íáÅçë= É= ç= áãéÉêá~äáëJ ãç= ëçîá¨íáÅçK= lë= ã~åáÑÉëí~åíÉë= éêçJ ÉãáåÉåíÉë= Çç= j~áÇ~å= É= çë= éçäííáÅçë= èìÉ=Çáëéìí~î~ã=ç=éçÇÉê=éçäííáÅç=éµëJ v~åìâçîóÅÜI=Éê~ã=éáåí~Ççë=Åçãç=s~J Åä~î= e~îÉäë= Ççë= íÉãéçë= ãçÇÉêåçëK= È= ãÉÇáÇ~=èìÉ=~ë=áåÅäáå~´õÉë=åÉçJÑ~ëÅáëJ í~ë=ÇÉåíêç=Ççë=Öêìéçë=ÇÉ=~ìíçJÇÉÑÉë~= ã~áë= ÉÑáÅáÉåíÉë= Éê~ã= åÉÖäáÖÉåÅá~Ç~ëI= ~=ëì~=ëáÖåáÑáÅßåÅá~=ÇáãáåìáìK l=j~áÇ~å=Ñçá=ìã~=êÉëéçëí~=éçéìä~ê= ~=~åçë=ÇÉ=ã•=ÖÉëí©ç=éçäííáÅ~=É=~ÇãáJ åáëíê~íáî~=É=ÇÉ=Åçêêìé´©çK=bê~=~äáãÉåJ í~Çç=éçê=ëÉåíáãÉåíçë=~åíáJhêÉãäáå=É= éçê=ìã~=áÇÉåíáÇ~ÇÉ=å~Åáçå~ä=êÉåçî~J Ç~K=^éÉë~ê=Çç=Éëéíêáíç=Çç=j~áÇ~å=íÉê= ëáÇç=ç=ÇÉ=ÇÉêêìÄ~ê=~ë=Éëíêìíìê~ë=éçäíJ íáÅ~ë= É= ÉÅçåµãáÅ~ë= Ççãáå~åíÉë= É= ÇÉ= Éã~åÅáé~ê=~=rÅêßåá~=Ç~=áåíÉêîÉå´©ç= oìëë~I=~=êÉîçäì´©ç=å©ç=éçÇá~=ÉëÅ~é~ê= ¶=áãéçêíßåÅá~=ÜáëíµêáÅ~=É=ÖÉçéçäííáÅ~= Ç~=rÅêßåá~K aìê~åíÉ=~=êÉîçäì´©çI=çë=é~íëÉë=çÅáJ ÇÉåí~áë= ê~éáÇ~ãÉåíÉ= Ö~ê~åíáê~ã= çë=

A praça Maidan no centro de Kiev foi durante os primeiros meses do ano o centro neurálgico da resistência ao governo pró-russo de Yanukovych

ëÉìë= áåíÉêÉëëÉë= éçäííáÅçë= å~= rÅêßåá~K= båîá~ê~ã= éçäííáÅçë= É= Çáéäçã~í~ë= ~ç= j~áÇ~å= èìÉ= ~éçá~î~ã= ~ÄÉêí~ãÉåJ íÉ=çë=éêçíÉëíçë=É=~Åìë~î~ã=jçëÅçîç= ÇÉ=áåíÉêîáêK=^éµë=~=èìÉÇ~=Çç=ÖçîÉêåçI= ~äÖìåë= ãÉãÄêçë= Ç~= çäáÖ~êèìá~= ìÅê~J åá~å~= êÉå~ëÅÉê~ã= Åçãç= éçäííáÅçë= éêçÉãáåÉåíÉë= Çç= j~áÇ~åI= Åçã= ~ë= ëì~ë=ÑÉêîçêçë~ë=éä~í~Ñçêã~ë=~åíáJêìëJ ë~ëI= É= ~äÖìåë= å~Åáçå~äáëí~ë= ìÅê~åá~J åçë= ê~ÇáÅ~áë= áåíêçÇìòáê~ãJëÉ= Éëíê~J íÉÖáÅ~ãÉåíÉ=åçë=åçîçë=~é~êÉäÜçë=ÇÉ= ëÉÖìê~å´~=Çç=é~íëK=m~ê~=çë=Ñ~äÅõÉë=Çç= hêÉãäáåI= é~êÉÅá~= èìÉ= ~ë= ëì~ë= éáçêÉë= éêÉîáëõÉë= ëÉ= Éëí~î~ã= ~= ÅçåÅêÉíáò~êI= ~= rÅêßåá~= Éëí~î~= éêÉëíÉë= ~= íçêå~êJëÉ= ãÉãÄêç=Ç~=lq^kK kç= aá~= Ç~=sáíµêá~I= ìã= ÑÉêá~Çç= èìÉ= ÅÉäÉÄê~= ~= Å~éáíìä~´©ç= å~òá= éÉê~åíÉ= ç= Éñ¨êÅáíç= pçîá¨íáÅçI= ~Åíáîáëí~ë= éêµJ êìëëçë= çêÖ~åáò~ê~ã= ìã~= ã~êÅÜ~= å~= éê~´~= iÉåáåÉ= ÇÉ= açåÉíëâK= qáåÜ~ã= é~ëë~Çç=ãÉëÉë=ÇÉëÇÉ=~=èìÉÇ~=ÇÉ=v~J åìâçîóÅÜ= É= íêçé~ë= å©çJçÑáÅá~áë= êìëJ ë~ë= íáåÜ~ã= ~ëëÉÖìê~Çç= ~= ~åÉñ~´©ç= Ç~= `êáãÉá~= ~= jçëÅçîçK= m~ê~= ÇÉëÖçëJ íç=Ççë=éçäííáÅçë=Éã=háÉîI=ãáäÜ~êÉë=ÇÉ= éçéìä~êÉë= ÇÉ= Éíåá~= êìëë~= ~éêçî~î~ã= ~= ~åÉñ~´©ç= åìã= êÉÑÉêÉåÇç= áåÑçêã~äK= bã= t~ëÜáåÖíçå= É= _êìñÉä~ëI= Ü~îá~ã= êìãçêÉë= ÇÉ= ìã= éçëëíîÉä= ~í~èìÉ= êÉJ äßãé~Öç= êìëëç= ~= háÉî= É= Éã= açåÉíëâ= Ü~îá~= ìã= ãÉÇç= ÅêÉëÅÉåíÉ= ÇÉ= ìã~=


MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

26 LATITUDES ëìéçëí~=áåî~ë©ç=å~òá=èìÉ=Éëí~êá~=áãáJ åÉåíÉK=k~=áãéêÉåë~=áåíÉêå~Åáçå~äI=çë= ÉäÉãÉåíçë=ã~áë=êÉ~ÅÅáçå•êáçë=Çç=çÅáJ ÇÉåíÉ=É=ÇÉ=äÉëíÉI=¶=ÉëèìÉêÇ~=É=¶=ÇáêÉáí~I= é~êÉÅá~ã= ÇÉÑáåáê= ç= ÇáëÅìêëç= éúÄäáÅç= Åçã=~ë=ëì~ë=é~ê~åµá~ë=ÇÉ=ìã~=íÉêÅÉáJ ê~=ÖìÉêê~=ãìåÇá~äK k~= éê~´~= iÉåáåÉI= àçîÉåë= ãìäÜÉJ êÉë= ÇÉ= é~ëë~Jãçåí~åÜ~ë= ~Öáí~î~ã= ~= Ä~åÇÉáê~= Ç~= êÉŨãJéêçÅä~ã~Ç~= oÉJ éúÄäáÅ~=ÇÉ=açåÉíëâI=Éåèì~åíç=Å~åí~J î~ã= Å~å´õÉë= íê~ÇáÅáçå~áë= ëçîá¨íáÅ~ëK= rã~=ÉëÅçäí~=ÇÉ=Å~ãáõÉë=ÇÉ=íê~åëéçêJ íÉ= ÅÜÉÖçì= É= ÇÉëÅ~êêÉÖçì= ÇÉòÉå~ë= ÇÉ= ãáäáí~åíÉë= éêµJêìëëçëK= jÉãÄêçë= Ççë= Ä~í~äÜõÉë=sçëíçâ=É=w~é~ÇI=Öêìéçë=é~J ê~ãáäáí~êÉë=ÅÜÉÅÜÉåçë=ÉñéÉêáÉåíÉë=Éã= ÅçãÄ~íÉ=É=èìÉ=íáåÜ~ã=äìí~Çç=ÅçåàìåJ í~ãÉåíÉ=Åçã=~ë=Ñçê´~ë=êìëë~ë=å~=`ÜÉJ ÅÜÆåá~I= ~ÅÉáí~î~ã= ~Ñ~îÉäãÉåíÉ= ÑäçêÉë= Ç~=ãìäíáÇ©çK=^=ëì~=ÅÜÉÖ~Ç~=áåÇáÅ~î~=ç= áåîÉëíáãÉåíç=èìÉ=jçëÅçîç=ÑÉò=å~=êÉJ Öá©ç= ìÅê~åá~å~= ÇÉ= açåÉíëâK=q~ãĨã= ~ëëáå~ä~î~=ìã=~ìãÉåíç=ë¨êáç=Ç~=Å~é~J ÅáÇ~ÇÉ=ÇÉ=äìí~=Ç~ë=Ñçê´~ë=éêµJêìëë~ëK l= ÇÉêêìÄÉ= ÇÉ=v~åìâçîóÅÜ= É= ~= ëìÄJ ëÉèìÉåíÉ= éêçáÄá´©ç= Ç~= äíåÖì~= êìëë~I= êÉîáÖçê~ê~ã= ~= ÇÉëÅçåÑá~å´~= Ç~= êÉJ îçäì´©ç= Çç= j~áÇ~å= éçê= é~êíÉ= Ç~= éçJ

A proclamação da República de Donetsk é a desesperada resposta russa (juntamente à anexação da Crimeia) à intervenção ocidental em Maidan e ao pior pesadelo de Moscovo, a Ucrânia na OTAN.

éìä~´©ç= ÇÉ= Éíåá~= êìëë~K= pÉåíáåÇçJëÉ= ~ãÉ~´~Ç~=éÉäç=ÉëéÉÅíêç=ÇÉ=ìã=ÅçåJ Ñäáíç=¨íåáÅçI=ãìáíçë=êÉëáÇÉåíÉë=Çç=ëìä= É=Çç=ÉëíÉ=Ç~=rÅêßåá~=îáê~ê~ãJëÉ=é~ê~= äÉëíÉ=¶=éêçÅìê~=ÇÉ=Ö~ê~åíá~ëK=sä~Çáãáê= mìíáå= ÇÉáñçì= Åä~êç= èìÉ= çë= ëÉìë= áåíÉJ êÉëëÉë=å~Åáçå~áë=áåÅäìí~ã=çë=Ñ~ä~åíÉë= ÇÉ=êìëëç=Ç~=rÅêßåá~=É=ç=Å~å~ä=Éëí~í~ä= oìëëá~=qçÇ~ó=É=çìíêçë=ãÉáçë=ÇÉ=ÅçãìJ åáÅ~´©ç=~äá~Ççë=Çç=hêÉãäáåI=ÅçåëíêìíJ ê~ã=ãÉíáÅìäçë~ãÉåíÉ=ìã~=å~êê~íáî~= é~ê~=àìëíáÑáÅ~ê=~=áåíÉêîÉå´©çK= oÉ~Ñáêã~ê= ç= é~éÉä= ÇÉ= éêçÉãáåÆåJ Åá~= Ç~= oúëëá~= å~= ÉÅçåçãá~= éçäííáÅ~= áåíÉêå~Åáçå~ä=Ñçá=ëÉãéêÉ=ìã~=~ëéáê~J ´©ç=ÇÉ=sä~Çáãáê=mìíáåK=m~ê~=ÉäÉ=É=é~ê~= çìíêçëI=ç=Åçä~éëç=Ç~=råá©ç=pçîá¨íáÅ~= Ñçá=ìã~=íê~Ö¨Çá~=èìÉ=éêÉÅáë~î~=ÇÉ=ëÉê= êÉãÉÇá~Ç~K=^=ÅêÉëÅÉåíÉ=áåÑäìÆåÅá~=Çç= lÅáÇÉåíÉ= å~ë= ~åíáÖ~ë= å~´õÉë= ëçîá¨íáJ Å~ë=ÇÉáñçì=ìã~=ë¨êáÉ=ÇÉ=ÖìÉêê~ë=ÅçåJ ÖÉä~Ç~ë= ~ç= äçÖç= Ç~= ÑêçåíÉáê~= êìëë~K= k~ë= êÉÖáõÉë= ÖÉçêÖá~å~ë= Ç~= ^ÄâÜ•òá~= É=Ç~=lëë¨íá~=Çç=pìäI=åçë=ÉåÅä~îÉë=~êJ ã¨åáçë= ÇÉ= k~ÖçêåçJh~ê~Ä~âÜ= åç= ^òÉêÄ~áà©ç=É=å~=fåÖìÅܨíá~=å~=êÉÖá©ç= Çç= `•ìÅ~ëç= kçêíÉI= ~ë= Ñçê´~ë= êìëë~ë= êÉ~Ñáêã~ê~ãJëÉ= Éã= ÅçåÑäáíçë= äçÅ~äáJ ò~ÇçëK=`çã=Éëí~ë=áåíÉêîÉå´õÉëI=mìíáå=

Simplificar a guerra actual na Ucrânia, ou como uma batalha entre os interesses democráticos ocidentais e as aspirações imperiais pós-soviéticas, ou como movimentos políticos neo-fascistas e lutas de libertação nacional, não ajuda à compreensão das verdadeiras causas desta guerra. êÉáåîÉëíáì=åç=~é~êÉäÜç=ãáäáí~ê=Çç=é~íë= É= çë= ëÉìë= Åçã~åÇ~åíÉë= éìëÉê~ã= Éã= éê•íáÅ~=É=~éÉêÑÉá´ç~ê~ã=åçî~ë=Éëíê~J í¨Öá~ë= é~ê~= ëìÄîÉêíÉê= çë= çÄàÉÅíáîçë= ÖÉçéçäííáÅçë=Çç=lÅáÇÉåíÉK páãéäáÑáÅ~ê=~=ÖìÉêê~=~Åíì~ä=å~=rÅêßJ åá~I= çì= Åçãç= ìã~= Ä~í~äÜ~= ÉåíêÉ= çë= áåíÉêÉëëÉë=ÇÉãçÅê•íáÅçë=çÅáÇÉåí~áë=É= ~ë= ~ëéáê~´õÉë= áãéÉêá~áë= éµëJëçîá¨íáJ Å~ëI= çì= Åçãç= ãçîáãÉåíçë= éçäííáÅçë= åÉçJÑ~ëÅáëí~ë=É=äìí~ë=ÇÉ=äáÄÉêí~´©ç=å~J Åáçå~äI=å©ç=~àìÇ~=¶=ÅçãéêÉÉåë©ç=Ç~ë= îÉêÇ~ÇÉáê~ë=Å~ìë~ë=ÇÉëí~=ÖìÉêê~K=bãJ Äçê~=íçÇ~ë=Éëí~ë=íÉåÇÆåÅá~ë=É=Üáëíµêá~ë= ÉëíÉà~ã=éêÉëÉåíÉë=åç=~Åíì~ä=ÅçåÑäáíçI= ëµ=~íê~î¨ë=ÇÉ=ìã~=Éñéäçê~´©ç=ãáåìJ

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MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

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O projecto DARPA e as novas raças de super-humanos. Exércitos preparados para um futuro que já está aqui.

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MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

28 A EFEMÉRIDE

O LIMBO DA LÍBIDO MANUEL DIAS

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Conceitos como ateísmo, roubo, prostituição, incesto, sodomia, até o assassínio, são para ele (Sade) institucionalizáveis. Foi preso pelos vários regimes políticos da época em que viveu: monarquia, república, consulado e império.


MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

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MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

30 BALDIO

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1. Campo Sagrado, Guerra Sagrada de Lech Kowalski 2. Dióspiros Vermelhos de Shinsuke Ogawa 3. Abelhas e Homens de Markus Imhoof

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>> Continuação da página anterior

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MAPA / JORNAL DE INFORMAÇÃO CRÍTICA / DEZEMBRO’14 - FEVEREIRO’15

SALTA MONTES 31

Na descoberta da natureza e da memória das resistências por entre propostas de percursos pedestres.

FILIPE NUNES FILIPENUNES@JORNALMAPA.PT

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MAPA: Jornal de Informação Crítica Número 8 Dezembro 2014 / Fevereiro 2015 Propriedade: Associação Mapa Crítico NIPC: 510789013 Morada da redacção: Rua das janelas Verdes nº13, 1º esq, Lisboa Registo ERC: 126329 Diretor: Guilherme Luz Editor: Ana Guerra Subdirector:Frederico Lobo Director adjunto: Inês Oliveira Santos Colaboram neste número com Artigos, Investigações, Ilustrações, Fotografias, Design, Paginação, revisão, Site e Distribuição: M.Lima*, IA *, Filipe Nunes*, Gastão Liz*, Teófilo Fagundes*, Delfim Cadenas*, C. Custóia, Samuel Buton, J. Barreira, José Smith Vargas*, Ana Rute Vila*, Cláudio Duque*, P.M*, A.P, Ali Baba*, Júlio Silvestre*, José Pedro Araújo*, Granado da Silva*, Olegário Bigodes, X. Espada, Huma*, Finja Delz, Palinho, João Paulo Gomes, João Martins, J. Barreira, Pedro Bravo, Francisco Colaço Pedro, William Sands, κοινωνία, Manuel Dias, J.H, Sara Serrão, Yann Renoult Periodicidade: Trimestral PVP: 1 euro Tiragem: 3000 exemplares Contacto: geral@jornalmapa.pt Distribuição: distribuicao@jornalmapa.pt Assinaturas: assinaturas@jornalmapa.pt Site: www.jornalmapa.pt Facebook: facebook.com/JornalMapa2012 Twitter: twitter.com/jornalmapa Depósito legal: 357026/13 Tipografia: Funchalense-Empresa gráfica S.A. Morada: Rua da Capela da Nossa Senhora da Conceição, nº50-Morelena 2715-029 Pêro PinheiroPortugal.

Cortesia: Mónica Baptista

Espaços onde podes encontrar o MAPA Almada: Centro de Cultura Libertária (Rua Cândido dos Reis, 121, 1º Dto, Cacilhas) / Oficina Divagar, Rua Serpa Pinto, 4 1ºandar Arouca: Quiosque do Parque (Av. 25 de Abril) Barcelos: CCOB – círculo católico operário de barcelos (Rua D. Diogo Pinheiro)Braga: Livraria Centésima Página (Avenida Central) / Papelaria Unipessoal (Largo da Estação – Edificio da CP) / Tabacaria Central (Estação de Camionagem) / Quiosque Duarte (Largo Paulo Orósio) / Quiosque do Pópulo (Praça Conselheiro Torres Almeida) / Papelaria Tabacaria ARJP (Rua Frei José Vilaça – Ferreiros) Castro Verde: ContraCapa – Livraria Papelaria (Av. General Humberto Delgado, Nº 85, Castro Verde) Coimbra:Tabacaria Espirito Santo (Praça 8 de Maio, nº8) / Papelaria Botânico (Bairro S. José, nº1) Evora: Tabacaria Génesis ( Rua João de Deus n.º 150 ) / Fonte das Letras ( Rua 5 de Outubro n.º 51 ) Guimarães: Loja do Júlio (Rua da Rainha D. Maria II, 145) / Livraria Snob (Rua D. João I, 210A) Lisboa: Livraria Letra Livre (Calçada do Combro, 139) / BOESG (Rua das janelas Verdes nº13, 1º esq) / RDA (Rua regueirão dos anjos nº69) / Casa da Achada (Rua da Achada, nºs 11 r/c e 11B) / Espaço MOB (Travessa da Queimada, 33, Bairro Alto) / Zona Franca (Rua de Moçambique nº42, Anjos) / Livraria Caixa dos Livros (FLUL, Alameda da Universidade) / Associação de Estudantes da FCSH da Universidade Nova de Lisboa / Centro LGBT (Rua dos Fanqueiros nº 40) Mangualde: Papelaria Adrião (Largo do Rossio, nº7) Ourique: Quiosque Tony (Praça Garvão) Porto: Livraria Utopia (Rua Regeneração 22 / Gato Vadio (Rua do rosário, 281) / Casa Viva (Praça marquês pombal 167) / Espaço Musas (Rua do Bonjardim, 998) / Terra Viva (Rua dos Caldeireiros nº 213) / Dar à Sola (Rua dos Caldeireiros, nº204) / Copacabana Café (Rua de Belém, 624) / Casa da Horta (Rua de São Francisco, 12A) / Tendinha dos Poveiros (Praça dos Poveiros) / Livraria Poetria (Rua das Oliveiras, 70 r/c, loja 12) / Duas de letra (S. Lázaro) / Café Pedra Nova (Rua da Alegria) / Louie Louie (Rua do Almada, 275) / Bar Picadilly (Rua de S. Vitor) / Bazar Quental (Rua Antero de Quental, 80) Setúbal: Associação José Afonso, Casa da Cultura, 1º andar / Livraria Universo, Rua do Concelho nº 13 (junto à Câmara Municipal de Setúbal) / Papelaria e Tabacaria Portela (Av. 22 de Dezembro, nº21, Loja 6- Centro Comercial de São Julião) / Livraria Culsete (Avenida 22 Dezembro nº23) / Taifa bar (Avenida Luisa Todi nº 558, 2900-456 Setúbal) Vila do Conde: Pátio Café (Praça da República, 12, 4480-715 Vila do Conde)

Os artigos não assinados são da responsabilidade do colectivo editorial do jornal MAPA. Os restantes, assinados em nome individual ou colectivo, são da exclusiva responsabilidade dos seus autores.


Petrolíferas abandonam Portugal

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NU STA DJUNTO é um movimento de entre ajuda e auto-gestão baseado nos princípios da união, da auto-suficiência e da solidariedade. Num contexto, onde cada vez mais o cinto nos aperta a todos e a sobrevivência nos tenta pôr uns contra os outros, é importante sentirmos que não estamos sozinhos, para contrariar o medo que nos divide e isola. Através da organização de eventos (normalmente concertos de Hip-Hop), bem como outras formas de contribuição, angariamos comida, roupa, mobília, etc. Também é possível, em alguns estabelecimentos comerciais, pedir a um cliente para fazer uma doação através do arredondamento do preço de uma despesa a favor do Nu Sta Djunto. Para partilhar diretamente com quem precisa. A distribuição é gerida através das mesmas pessoas que organizam o evento solidário e os

ëçäç=É=~ë=éÉíêçäíÑÉê~ë=ÉëéÉê~ã=éÉä~= çéçêíìåáÇ~ÇÉ=ÇÉ=îçäí~ê=~çë=íê~Ä~J äÜçëK=nì~åÇç=Ñçê=ÉÅçåçãáÅ~ãÉåJ íÉ=îá•îÉäI=ëµ=ìã~=éçéìä~´©ç=áåÑçêJ ã~Ç~=ÅçåëÉÖìáê•=êÉëáëíáê=~ç=~î~åJ ´ç=Ççë=íê~Ä~äÜçë=é~ê~=Éñíê~´©ç=ÇÉ= Ö•ë=É=éÉíêµäÉç=å©ç=ÅçåîÉåÅáçå~áëI= Åìàçë= áãé~Åíçë= ~ãÄáÉåí~áë= É= ëçJ Åá~áë= ë©ç= ÉåçêãÉë= É= îáçäÉåíçëK= ^= jçÜ~îÉ=lfä=ÉñíáåÖìáìJëÉI=Éëí~åÇç= Åçí~Ç~=~=òÉêç=å~=Äçäë~=ÇÉ=î~äçêÉë= Å~å~Çá~å~=qpu=sÉåíìêÉ=bñÅÜ~åÖÉK= ^= mÉíêçÄê~ëI= éçê= ëì~= îÉòI= îáêçìJ ëÉ= íçí~äãÉåíÉ= é~ê~= ~ë= ëì~ë= åçî~ë= Éñéäçê~´õÉë= åç= _ê~ëáäI= ÇÉáñ~åÇç= ç=ëÉì=ÅçåÜÉÅáãÉåíç=É=íÉÅåçäçÖá~= éçê=Å•=é~ê~=èìÉ=ëÉ=éçëë~ã=ÅçåíáJ åì~ê=çë=íê~Ä~äÜçëK= kç=_~êêÉáêç=É=åç=^äÖ~êîÉI=çë=íê~J balhos avançam €normalmente€, Åçã= ÉãéêÉë~ë= Åçãç= ~= m~êíÉñ= láä= ~åÇ=d~ëI=oÉéëçäI=lê~ÅäÉ=båÉêÖó=~= Åçåíáåì~êÉã= ~= éêçÅìê~= ÇÉ= Ö•ë= É= éÉíêµäÉçK=FERNANDO FERREIRA

bens são entregues às pessoas que mais necessitam ao seu redor, seja na sua cidade, no seu bairro ou na sua casa. Como todos nós podemos ajudar e ser ajudados, Nu Sta Junto funciona ‘de todos para todos’, sem qualquer tipo de distância ou diferença entre quem dá e quem recebe. Com isto, pretendem-se criar relações e estruturas horizontais sem representantes nem representados, onde cada pessoa sinta que o movimento ‘é seu’ e se possa envolver livremente, enquanto indivíduo em coletivo. Em relação às entidades, será sempre recebida com toda a gratidão todo o tipo de ajuda, enquanto a intenção da mesma for apenas o ato solidário. A boa vontade não vem com segundas intenções. Nu Sta Djunto não promove nomes, não reclama méritos nem alimenta lucros. Os laços acontecem entre as pessoas. Estamos juntos.

20 DE DEZEMBRO (14H ÀS 23H) Grupo Excursionista dos Amigos do Minho. Rua do Benformoso nº244, 1º. Intendente, Lisboa 28 DE FEVEREIRO Sociedade Musical União Paredense (SMUP). Em parceria com a Associação Cultura no Muro. Rua Marquês de Pombal, nº319. Parede

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