Dog’s World The Magazine for dog people
Nigeria – N500, US - $5.00, UK - £3.00, S. Africa – 20.00 Rand
Vol. 1, Issue 10
FREE Poster Inside
Gallery of Dog Breeds in full colour
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2 Dogâ€™s World
Message from the Editor
Editor-In-Chief: B. Rosiji | Contributing Editor: Gb. Mamani, Dr B. Thomas | Managing Editor: O. Olakitan | Contributors: O. Daniels, N. Ijiomah, A. Ojora, O. Onyekachi | Photography: Ayor Graphics | Assistants: F. Ehiemere, R. Okonkwo | Distribution: S. Ogundare | Accounts: A. Moshood | Page Layout: Sential Design | Sponsored by: JO-JO Dog Food
Dog’s World Vol. 1, Issue 10
Dog’s World is published by Rosiji Foundation, Suite E177 Ikota Shopping Complex, Victoria Garden City, Ajah, Lagos. Tel: 234 (01) 4818128, (01) 4611856, Fax: (01) 4611857. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Http://www. dogsworldmagazine.com. For information on adverts contact email@example.com. Contributions are welcome, but cannot be returned. Contributors are therefore advised to keep copies of their work. The editor reserves the right to edit contributions for reasons of clarity and brevity. The publisher and editor do not take responsibility for the contents of advertisement and contributions. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without prior written consent is strictly prohibited. ©2008 Rosiji Foundation
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Contents Features 12 The Afghan Hound 16 Ashionye: 18 Chidi Mokeme and his dogs 22 The Uninformed Breeder 24 Julius Agwu: A Piece of me
The Power of Laughter
26 Joke Silva 32 WSPA’s Global Impact 40 Spoil Your Dog
Health and Care
Gallery of Dog Breeds
18 12 4 Dog’s World
Cover Page: Joke Silva with puppy trained by Skywaters Kennels.
BOOK REVIEWS Training in No Time
Speak! The Best Quips, Quotes and Anecdotes for Dog Lovers
by Amy Ammen
by Connie Dubay
Tr a i n i n g I n N o T i m e is a book about the rudiments of dog training. The book targets all dog lovers who are anxious about the behaviour of their dogs especially the busy ones. It guides the busy dog owner through dog training that saves time. The book has about 109 pages and contains illustrations and photos on each topic discussed.
The book is compiled and edited by Connie Dubay. It is an interesting collection of wit and wisdoms from great men and women dog lovers throughout history. The book brings together a collection of interesting and wise sayings from famous people, philosophers, authors, performers, and Heads of States. It is an interesting compilation of stories, jokes, and proverbs for education and entertainment.
In its 8 chapters, it emphasizes that dogs are among the most observant creatures in the world and will always look up to humans for commands and communications. An owner who cannot communicate effectively with his dog will only encourage his dog to develop bad habits. The author is of the opinion that it is the dog owners more than the dogs, that need to be educated on ways to effectively train, handle and get the best out of their dogs. “A dog’s behaviour largely depends on that of his master’s.’’ It says. Training in No Time is an educative manual on dog training and an excellent companion for every serious owner, who want to get the best out of his dog; any breed at all. The language is simple and straight to the point. The author gives numerous illustrations in pictures as well as in words.
Speak captures the depths of man’s affection for dogs. Many of the sayings included the words of famous and historical figures such as Isaac Newton, Napoleon, Oprah Winfreh and Jimmy Stewart. It is an enlightening missive on philosophy, humour and anecdotes as they relate to dogs. The book contains about 203 pages and 10 chapters. It is a must read for every dog lover; an exciting part of your library collection of great dog books.
by Gabriel E. Forbush
The title of this book is exactly what the book is about. It is a book about Bulldogs written by Gabriel E. Forbush and Published by T.F.H, publications, with about 224 pages. Bulldog has 200 full colour write ups and easy to follow suggestions on the Bulldog. It gives readers the information required to own, breed and care for a Bulldog in an interesting and easy to- read style. It begins with an introduction of the Bulldog; its history and origin. Then it goes on to discuss why a Bulldog is good for the family and how to select a good one. It continues on the feeding requirements of the dog, accommodation, preventive dental care, hygienic practices and training of the Bulldog. The author is highly knowledgeable on this subject and the book is well researched. On training of the Bulldog it talks about behaviour modification of the dog and its general upbringing. It goes further on the subject of breeding of the Bulldog and how to do it properly in other to ensure that the breeder comes out breeding a strong and healthy dog; a dog that brings satisfaction to the owner. The book serves as a guide on the best way to handle the puppy and the adult. It is, in fact an encyclopaedia on the Bulldog as a breed. Written by Gabriel E.Fuorbush., the book is a guide for breeders, trainers and anyone who loves the Bulldog as a breed of gentility and homeliness as well as security.
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Great ! Savings
Canine Welfare Book List
We bring you our selection of dog books at special prices (lower than UK prices!). Find a book on your favourite breed, health care, training and breeding etc. We have not featured all of our books here, so if you don’t find what you are looking for let us know, if we do not have it in our stock we would be happy to source it for you. Your books can be delivered to your door or you can pick up from our Lagos office.
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A Beginner’s Guide to Doberman Pinschers A Beginner’s Guide to German Shepherds, Winkler, Bernadette E. A Complete Introduction to Doberman Pinschers A New Owner’s Guide To Doberman Pinschers A New Owner’s Guide To Dog Training, Pantfoeder, Dorman A New Owner’s Guide to Pomeranians, Moreno, Julie A Step by Step Book About Rottweilers Afghan Hounds, Pisano, Beverly Akitas , Van Der Lyn, Edita American Pit Bull Terriers (A New Owner’s Guide), Fenstermacher, Todd Basic Dog Training, Watson, Miller Basset Hounds, McCarty, Diane Bichon Frise, Weil, Martin Border Collies, Collier, Margaret Borzois McRae, Gail C. Boston Terriers, Cline, Charles D Boxers Boxers (A New Owner’s Guide) Boxers (Dr. Ackerman’s Book) Boxers, Pisano, Beverly Bull Terriers, Weil, Martin Bulldogs (A New Owner’s Guide) Bulldogs , Forbush, Gabrielle Bulldogs, Forbush, Gabrielle Bullmastiffs, Prescott, Mary Choosing A Dog Chow Chow, Pisano, Beverly Cocker Spaniels, King, Bart Collies, McCarty, Diane Complete Guide to Dog Care (The Humane Society of the United... Dachshunds, Van Der Lyn, Edita Dalmatians Dalmatians (A New Owner’s Guide) Dalmatians (Dr. Ackerman’s Book) Dalmatians, Mars, Julie Dalmatians, Pisano, Beverly Dalmatians, Pisano, Beverly Doberman Pinchers Doberman Pinscher Doberman Pinschers Doberman Pinschers Doberman Pinschers (A Complete Introduction) Dog Health & Nutrition (Complete Idiot’ Guide) Dog Owner’s Manual Dog Training (Interactive CD Book), T.F.H. Inc Dog Training (Quick & Easy) Dog Tricks Dogs Dogs Pocket Companion Dogspeak Dogspeak, Dibra, Bash English Setters, Pisano, Beverly Everybody Can Train Their Own Dog, White, Angela
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German Shepherd (Dr. Ackerman’s Book) German Shepherd (Guide to Owning) German Shepherds German Shepherds German Shepherds German Shepherds (A New Owner’s Guide), Schwartz, Charlotte German Shepherds, Kern, Francis German Shorthaired Pointers, McCarty, Diane God Is Dog Spelled Backwards Going for the Blue: Inside the World of Show Dogs and Dog Shows, Caras, Roger A. Golden Retriever (Dr. Ackerman’s Book), Ackerman, Lowell Golden Retrievers, Walsh, James E. Jr Good Dogs, Bad Habits, Siegal, Mordecai/ Margolis, Ma Great Danes Great Danes Great Danes, McCarty, Diane Great Pyrenees, Johnson, Andrew M Guide to Handraising Puppies Guide to Owning a German Shepherd, Orban, Timothy Guide to Owning a Labrador Retriever, Burrows, Richard T Guide to Owning a Lhasa Apso, Zeppi, Jennifer Guide to Owning a Mixed Breed Dog, Schwartz, Charlotte Guide to Owning A Poodle, Dib, Pierre Guide To Owning A Pug, Cannon, Ariel Guide to Owning a Puppy, Hart, Ernest H. Guide to Owning A Rottweiler, Braun, George W Guide to Owning a Shetland Sheepdog, Credido, Scott Guide to Training Your Own Dog Housebreaking and Other Puppy Problems (WellMannered Dog), Kennedy, K. Housebreaking and Training Puppies Housebroken Housetrain Your Dog Now How to Train Your Dalmatian I Just Got a Puppy. What Do I Do? Siegal, Mordecai Ibizan Hounds, Brearley, Joan McDonald Irish Setters, Holvenstot, Luz Jack Russell Terriers, Nicholas, Anna Katherine Just Say “Good Dog”, Goodman, Linda Labrador Retrievers Labrador Retrievers (A New Owner’s Guide) Labrador Retrievers, McCarty, Diane Labrador Retrievers, McCaty, Diane Labrador Retrievers, McCaty, Diane Labradors (Complete Guide) Lhasa Apsos Lhasa Apsos (New Owner’s Guide) Lhasa Apsos, McCarty, Diane Maltese, Digiacomo, Kathy Mastiffs, Moore, Marie A Multiple Dog Households
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Books 793823188 793830176 793823676 793801834 793810868 793823994 793823331 793810787 793823226 793810744 793823633 866227075 793830400 793810000 793830923 1579549152 793830656 866225951 791054713 86622095 793810736 836215214 793827507 866223754 793823234 876667272 793823242 79381104 793827906 793810531 79382334 793801443 793823595 79381183 793823269 793827760 62734571 684864738 452282055 618130500 71438025
Newfoundlands, Drury, Kitty Obedience Training, Kelsey - Wood, Dennis Old English Sheepdogs, Pisano, Beverly Owner’s Guide to Dog Health Pekingese, Pisano, Beverly Pekingese, Pisano, Beverly Pembroke Welsh Corgis, Niccoli, Ria Pomeranians Pomeranians, Pisano, Beverly Poodles, Donnelly, Kerry Poodles, Donnelly, Kerry Puppies, Forbush, Gabrielle Puppy Care And Training Puppy Care and Training (Quick & Easy) Puppy Kindergarten, Fields-Babineau, Miriam Puppy School Puppy’s First Year Rhodesian Ridgebacks, Lutman, Frank, M.D. Rottweiler (Guide to Owning), Braun, George W. Rottweilers Rottweilers Rottweilers Rottweilers (A New Owner’s Guide) Rottweilers (Complete Introduction) Rottweilers, Nicholas, Anna Katherine Saint Bernards Saint Bernards, Weil, Martin Samoyeds Samoyeds (A New Owner’s Guide) Samoyeds, Reynaud, Joyce Scottish Terriers, Snethen, T.H. Selecting the Best Dog for You Shar-Pei, Nicholas, Anna Katherine Shetland Sheepdogs, Pisano, Beverly Shih Tzu, Parker, Robert P Siberian Huskies (A New Owner’s Guide), Kanzler, Kathleen So Your Dogs Not Lassie Solutions, Siegal, Mordecai Speak!: The Best Quips, Quotes, and Anecdotes for Dog Lovers, DuBay, Connie Superpuppy (Revised Edition) The Angell Memorial Animal Hospital Book of Wellness and Pre...
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1,400.00 1,400.00 1,400.00 1,400.00 1,400.00
The Book of the Rottweiler 1,400.00 The Dalmatian: An Owner’s Guide to a Happy 1,400.00 Healthy Pet The Doberman Pinscher 1,400.00 The Golden Years, Siegel, Mordecai 1,400.00 The Guide to Beginning Obedience 1,400.00 The Guide to Owning a Beagle, Vallilla, Andrew 1,400.00 The Guide to Owning a Doberman Pinscher 1,400.00 The Guide to Owning a Pembroke Welsh Corgi, 1,400.00 Boneham, Sheila Webster The Guide To Owning A Shih Tzu, Soy, Teri 1,400.00 The New Rottweiler 1,400.00 The Old English Sheepdog, Brearley, 1,400.00 Joan MacDonald The Proper Care of Dogs, Burris, Christopher 1,400.00 The Proper Care Of German Shepherds, 1,400.00 Battaglia, Carmelo L The Proper Care of Labrador Retrievers, 1,400.00 Livesey, Dennis The Proper Care of Rottweilers, Klem, Joan R. 1,400.00 The Rottweiler, Stratton, Richard F 1,400.00 The Simple Guide to a Healthy Dog, Adamson, Eve 1,400.00 The Simple Guide to Choosing a Dog 1,400.00 The Simple Guide to Choosing, Training & Raising 1,400.00 a Dog, Beauchamp, Richard G The Simple Guide to Dog Training, Philbin, Tom 1,400.00 The Simple Guide to Getting Active With Your Dog 1,400.00 The Super Simple Guide to Housetraining 1,400.00 Training in No Time, Ammen, Amy 1,400.00 Training Older Dogs 1,400.00 Training Problem Dogs 1,400.00 Training the Perfect Puppy (A New Owner’s Guide), 1,400.00 De Prisco, Andrew Training Your Puppy 1,400.00 Tricks and Tips for Dog Training 1,400.00 Vet on Call (Dog Care Companions) 1,400.00 Weimaraners , Nicholas, Anna Katherine 1,400.00 West Highland White Terriers, Weil, Martin 1,400.00 Yorkshire Terriers, Donnelly, Kerry 1,400.00 Your German Shepherd Puppy 1,400.00 Your German Shepherd’s Life 1,400.00 Your Outta Control Puppy, Adamson, Eve 1,400.00
Qty Unit Price Amount
Send to: Bowclose Ltd., Suite E177, Ikota Shopping Complex, Victoria Garden City, Ajah, Lagos, Nigeria. Tel: 01-4611856 - Fax: 01-4611857 Handling and Delivery charges (within Lagos State ONLY): N1,000 for puchases of N29,999 or less. Free Delivery for Purchases over N30,000. Or pick up from our office address above. First Name: __________________________________ Last Name:_ _________________________________ Email: ______________________________________ Address:_ ___________________________________ Tel: ________________________________________ Signature: ___________________ Date: ___________ My cheque (payable to Bowclose Ltd) for the amount of ___________ is enclosed OR make a Cash or cheque deposit at any Zenith Bank nationwide to Bowclose Limited, Acct. No. 6017600925. (on the pay-in slip clearly indicate your name exactly as it appears on this form). Allow up to 6 weeks for books to arrive.
Do not deliver, I will pick up. Dog’s World 7
E Bvents ooks
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Dogâ€™s World 9
Books N ews
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Books N ews
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By Yemi Olakitan
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“Well it started back in 1991. I started with a television series. It was because needed the money actually but acting was not that promising back then. The soap opera was called, Fortunes; directed by Ralph Nwadike and produced by Zeb Ejiro. The movie ran for about a year until the home video came out.”
W It would seem that Ramsey has acted in more romances than any other actor in Nollywood. We asked the golden question: “Why?” And he replied that the producers believed that if Ramsey Noah did not act a romantic role then he would not act. “I don’t know where they got that from.” Time has not changed the situation very much, and instead of a “lover boy”, he has graduated into what he calls a “lover man”
Ramsey’s major breakthrough came in the shape of a movie titled, Silent Night. Then came
Blind Trust’. Since then he has acted in over 100 movies and received several awards at home and abroad. “I have won awards in the US and the UK. I have also received several awards in Africa. I have the plaques at home. I try to keep them safe so that y kids don’t play with them and destroy them.’’ Ramsey Noah’s most memorable roles were in movies like Dangerous Twins, Fateful Love, Heavy Rain, Into Temptation, Last Wedding and The London Boy.
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Coping With Fame
The only thing he misses is his cherished privacy. As it turns out Ramsey is a quiet man at heart who likes to spend quality time with his family. Married to beautiful Emelia Philips and blessed with two lovely children, a son and a daughter Ramsey says they are the most important things in his life. “The biggest challenge is that I can’t go out without being noticed. One has to remember that in the midst of it all, I have a family. I have children and I want to take my children out and spend time with them. It’s so difficult because when you go out everyone want to talk to you. People are waving. People want to take photos and shake hands. Whereas all I wanted was just to take my family out and have some fun like any other person, but it is impossible. Sometimes, I wish I could just have my life back.”
Ramsey applauded the industry which he feels has grown tremendously but needs much technical improvement. He said, “Nollywood has the human potential to move to the next level and produce extraordinary movies that would be at par with Hollywood, but,” he says, “the lack of infrastructure and the level of piracy in Nigeria are the major problems that are facing the industry.
We met with Ramsey on the set of his next film titled Yankee Boys. The star studded film, produced by Mega Movies and directed by Moses Ebiere, features Emeka Ike, Jim Lyke, Janto Jack, Van Vicka, Tom-Tom Dike, Arinze Egesimba and others. The movie also stars Ghanaian actress Juliet Ibrahim and Uganda actress, Princess Farida. Yankee Boys is about a team of young men who go into the gold trading business and are consumed by greed and lust for wealth. Ramsey says his fans should be on the look out for the movie which promises to be a monster hit.
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“A producer puts out a good script and brings together the actors and actresses. He puts in so much hard work to produce the movie, then when the movie comes out, he does not get the returns he should. That kind of scenario stifles creativity and is very unhealthy for the Industry. We need to get to a point where piracy does not exist so that when you invest in the industry, you can make reasonable profit. If we tackle the problems of infrastructure, piracy and electricity the industry will move forward.” Ramsey advocated that Government provide an enabling environment for the industry. He said banks should invest in this sector which is the only totally Nigerian export commodity -- produced in Nigeria by Nigerians. He said that banks should study the investment potentials of Nollywood. “Government should provide necessary infrastructure. They should enact new laws and implement existing ones to protect the industry. From there we will do the rest ourselves.”
Dog Lover The good new to dogdom is that Ramsey happens to be a dog lover himself. He feels that dogs are the friendliest animals on earth and are very loyal. He said that dogs can be more loyal than humans because a dog can die for his owner. He however frowns at the increasing cases of animal cruelty. He vehemently disapproves of those who own a dog and do invest the time to feed or take care of the dog, leaving it to suffer. “People even use dogs to fight and gamble. They forget that animals have feelings. Putting two dogs to fight until one of them dies as a form of entertainment or for monetary gain is totally cruel.” He said.
Future Plans “My plans for the future still remain in the movie industry. I in-
tend to make my own films. I want to direct and produce great movies.” Ramsey looks up to such international actor/directors as Mel Gibson and Denzel Washington. Those who have been prolific actors and are now big movie directors and producers. He wants to be able to achieve what these great people have achieved for his own country. “I plan to produce and direct great movies and thereby contribute to the advancement of the industry.”
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F Beature ooks
One of the greatest, if not THE greatest, name in African music. This legendary musician, who has performed on the same stage as Michael Jackson, had started playing music before many of us were born. King Sunny Ade has won numerous national and international awards. He is well known in the music scene in Europe, the United States and at home in Africa 18 Dogâ€™s World
Feature You can imagine our delight when this king of music granted us the opportunity of an exclusive interview. This man of greatness is a bundle of humility despite his tall achievements. He sat with us, shared jokes and laughed with us as he cuddled the little pouch on his lap. He opened up to us on his recent projects, KSA Foundation, piracy, his plans for the future and a host of other musical issues.
At age 63, various commentators have declared that King Sunny Ade will soon retire from the music scene but the King of World Beat disagrees. He has gone ahead to release yet another chartbuster entitled: The Grace of God. The maestro is far from retirment. His dancing has become even more creative and energetic. His music is fresher than that of many younger musicians. He has also embarked on many other recordings as well. We had to ask him to shed light on the secret of his boundless energy and he said: A musician cannot retire. One can only retire from the stage. They cannot retire from music because music is in the blood. That is the reason my big brother, Pa Fatai Rolling Dollars came back to sing later in life and he is still making waves in the industry. People like Steve Rhodes are still in music. You pray for good health. It is by the grace of God. Look at the way the Rolling Stones and Mick Jagger are still performing on stage. They are still playing to full stadiums. They have been doing it for years, and they continue growing every year. Retirement is difficult once you have the strength. Besides, nobody has given me another job that will fetch me money and this is what I do best.’’
The king is doing a lot to preserve his legacy. He has set up The King Sunny Ade Foundation. An organisation whose goal is to support the underprivileged. The organisation gives out yearly scholarships to young people who were too poor to afford an education. The KSA Foundation is also involved in providing support to upcoming musicians as well as physically challenged individuals and has supported thousands of people over the years I liked the idea of starting a foundation in my name while I am still alive. I want to be alive helping people not when I am gone, then others start a foundation in my name; doing things I should have done with them when I am alive. So when I am gone they can improve on it.
Over the past 30 years the king has released about 112 albums and he is now working hard to record videos for these albums so that generations to come can appreciate his music.
Most of the movies we are doing now contain the music we had released in the past. We have released the music, so I just have to begin to do the visual aspect of it. For instance ‘E kilo Fomo ode,’ has no video. It was a great hit when it was first released. Only 11 albums actually have a video version. So we have about a 100 albums to go. We have to start again from scratch. This is a very serious work. It is like going to the library to study all that you have done in the past. You have to listen to them . . . Songs of about 30 years ago. I have to think about what I said. We have to re-record the tracks and in between we still have to do a movie that has nothing to do with music. Every Thursdays I work on that. I have a weekly show on Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays, so there is no day of the week that is not busy for me. It is very necessary because of younger generations to come so that they can appreciate the music in the new technological format. The whole world is moving very fast and we must keep up with it.
Considering his immense stature, one would think that the King of World Beat would be immune to the challenges in the music business. He however confessed that despite his luck and good success, piracy still remains a hard nut to crack even for him. I am one of the luckiest because since I was younger I had been keeping all my records and master tapes. You know some of the recording companies that recorded other
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Feature artistes are gone. There are no master tapes, no records, nothing. Gone forever. Ebenezer Obey and I are lucky in the sense that we still have our master tapes intact from our former record companies. Some of our predecessors were not so lucky. People who have these records in their possession don’t want to release them to you to record from. We have to put the old record on CDs, on tapes and on cassettes. We have to safeguard it on a hard disks so that if one gets lost another one will be created. When a record company is winds up, we need to safeguard our work. I saw a company on the internet with loads of old records, looking for people who want them. For instance, some of the artistes that recorded on DECA may have lost their masters because DECA UK closed down and so all they had is gone.’’
The pirates have taken over the market so nobody wants to invest. It is not helping the musician. In fact it helps nobody,y because if you want to buy my CD, of course you would prefer to buy quality. But when you see the same CD in a shop and you buy it, when you get back home, you will find that it is fake. We thank God that the Government is now working on this. The attitude towards piracy is changing though. They are arresting people. The Nigerian Copyright Commission now has a DirectorGeneral but there is still so much work to do. If we want the music industry to grow, piracy must be destroyed.
my CDs were already all over the streets. The printer has just delivered the CD jackets to us. We still have the bulk of those CDs at the office because the pirates flooded the market with their own product. It is because my fans invite me to perform for them and pay for my services. That is why I am still on the scene. Having an album is just to let the people know that one is still in the industry; otherwise the pirates are having a field day.
I have dogs at home in Ondo State. Dogs are a part of our lives. They are man’s best friend. God has made it so. They are our friends. Like this little thing here (referring to the dog on his lap). He knows that I won’t eat him; that is why he is so comfortable with me. He is my friend. Actually many people believe that people from Ondo State eats dogs but it is only a section of people that do so. They are the Ogun worshippers. Those who worship the God of Iron. Another thing is that one could eat dog meat unknowingly. If you enter a restaurant and they give you fried meat, you wouldn’t know if it is dog meat unless somebody tells you.
Plans for the Future.
I believe God will do his wonders as usual, his miracle as usual, his surprises as usual, his mysteries as usual. I might make my video first or I could start with the movie. And by the Grace of God I am still going to release another album.
I can only say with due respect, That Nigeria only has label owners and not record companies. A record company takes charge of everything from A to Z. From the scratch to the studio, to the press, to the distribution and they also make sure that you get your royalty. Here we only have label owners because nobody wants to invest or take risks. To invest also requires a huge layout of capital; about two to three million naira. It is not easy to break even with pirates. My last album was released on the 28th of December, yet by the 24th of December,
Dog’s World 21
Comical & Sweet The Pomeranian
awake. Pomeranians are chock full of energy and they need to be entertained or they can develop behavioural problems and destructive habits. They are notorious chewers although with proper stimulation this behaviour can be taken care of with a few chew toys left lying around. Worried about how this tiny little dog will fare with your other household pets? No need. As long as they are properly socialized they get along with other dogs as well as cats. However, please consider your neighbours’ sanity before committing to more than one Pom. They are vocal dogs (females less so than males) and when in groups the chorus of yapping can become a bit much.
The Pomeranian is a favourite among the toy groups. Its endearing foxlike face and comically poofy coat are almost irresistible. However, the Pomeranian is not the traditional quiet, clinging lap dog. The most independent of the toy breeds, the Pomeranian does not cling to its owners. This little (3 to 7lbs) guy’s claim to fame is his giant personality. These active toys are notoriously animated, inquisitive and busy. So, if you are looking
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for a big clown in a little body then the Pomeranian is the dog for you. His antics will keep you entertained as well as attract attention. And although independent, their fierce loyalty makes them great companion dogs. Ideal for those living in small spaces, Pomeranians make great apartment dogs. They don’t need much exercise and spend most of their day taking naps. However, be prepared to keep them entertained while they are
Although they are cuddly and loveable, Pomeranians require a lot of attention. Along with their entertainment needs, the soft, thick undercoat and coarser outer coat need to be groomed daily or else they develop painful mats and tangles. They also shed constantly so be prepared to become well acquainted with lint rollers and a pet hair specific vacuum. The undercoat also makes Pomeranians unsuitable for warmer climates if they will be spending extended periods of time out of doors. Their voluminous coats count
Beatures F ooks
Dogâ€™s World 23
Beatures F ooks for about 50% of their apparent size and they are prone to overheating. Surprisingly, these tiny dogs make great watch dogs. They have a classic case of big dog trapped in tiny body syndrome. They are cocky and commanding and rarely back down from anything. Their resounding warning bark can be heard far and wide although its tiny size does not manage to come off as much of a threat. They tend to be reserved with strangers and can bark excessively at new people. It is a good idea to start obedience training early and teach your Pomeranian to bark a few times as an alert but then to ‘be quiet for heaven’s sake’. A note of caution: this little dog is all personality and your baby’s cute little personality quirks can easily become inappropriate behaviours if they are not loved with a firm hand. These little tricksters need to know that there owner is the boss or they will not listen. They can become demanding, pushy, and snappy if they are allowed free behavioural reign. And while these dogs make good companions for elderly people, they should be closely monitored around very young children. However, they are fine around older, well behaved children. Pomeranians are also prone to certain physical ailments. Early tooth loss can be a problem so while it is tempting to spoil them with canned food and table treats, the main part of a Pomeranians diet should be comprised of dry dog food to keep the teeth and gums in good condition. You should also make sure that your vet gives your dog regular teeth cleanings. Skin problems and eye infections can also be problematic especially as your Pomeranian ages. But don’t let these potential problems deter you. When making your breed decision, keep in mind that every breed of dog comes with its own
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caveats, and with the right mix of discipline and love their delightful natures can flourish. About The Author Gary Allison is a third generation of professional dog breeders. It all started with his grandparents in 1970 with the Boston Terriers and has expanded to Maltese, Yorkshire Terriers, Pugs and Pomeranians. He is also actively involved with dog rescue and has a website that showcases the puppies he has for sale at http://allmypuppiesonline. com.
Pomeranian Profile Origin: Germany Height: 18 – 30 cm Weight: 1 – 3 kg Health: Prone to early tooth loss, so feeding dry food is recommended to keep the teeth and gums in good condition. Newborn pups are rather tiny and fragile. Three newborns can be held in the palm of ones hand. Small females often need cesarean sections deliveries Colour: Any solid colour is allowed, but the most common are red, orange, white or cream, blue, brown or black. Sometimes the coat is parti-coloured (white with coloured markings), black & tan, wolf or orange sable. Coat: Poms also boast a distinctive feathered tail that fans forward over the back. There is an abundant ruff around the neck and chest area. The profuse stand-off double coat usually comes in solid colours. Life Expectancy: 15 years Temperament: Intelligent and eager to learn. Willful, and bold. Bark excessively, Exercise: Need a daily walk but active play in a large garden can be enough. Price: N60,000 Availability: Readily available Maintenance cost: Very low
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Beatures F ooks
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Best in Breed
Dr Billy Amar Aigbe is one of Nigeria’s top Operations Research specialists. Using mathematical models, statistics and algorithm, Dr Aigbe (a Rotarian) will help you arrive at optimal decisions for complex business problems, all aimed at increasing profit, speeding up your assembly line, giving you greater crop yield and a higher bandwidth, while also reducing your costs and your risks. Sound too good to be true? Well Dr Aigbe has made his mark on many businesses and has been the chief executive of others ranging from waste disposal to construction, and today he is the Honourary Consul for the Republic of Hungary However, he started as a Mathematics lecturer and Sub-Dean of the Faculty of Science at the University of Ibadan. He explains: It was a better and simple life then. Leaving the university, to say you are dropping your chalk and you are going into the world . . . Our job then was to research and give lectures. You have a blackboard in your office and there is a lot of pleasure in sitting down and giving lectures.
What is your toughest business problem? Evaluating options? Improving quality? Testing strategies? Planning smarter? Enhancing margins? Boosting utilization? Cutting costs? Mitigating risks? Improving products? Building market share? Boosting productivity? Understanding data? Predicting outcomes? Forecasting accurately? Whatever it is this man can help you solve it !
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When I came out I worked briefly with a home and savings bank. When you have a problem, you design a model and find a way to solve the problem and maximize your profit margin and you minimize loss. I could do so many things in a short time. I was just lucky. But I miss the students especially the postgraduate students who used to come for consultations. However when I went back I said thank God that I left because the place was so run down. Although it might seem that I left a safe academic environment in Ibadan, to venture into the business world of Lagos, Ibadan was not safe at the time. Armed Robbers had been attacking me in Ibadan. It was the dogs that were always saved us. Anytime they came to our house the dogs would bark. So the robbers could not come in because we were always awake. Once however, more determined robbers came and broke our front door. The dogs were barking furiously. I shouted, “Who are you?” and they said, “Shut up!”. In my own house? We were able to fight them off eventually. Both my mother and my mother- in-law were around at the time. They were also talking to the thieves, ‘‘My son does not have money. He is a teacher.’’
See Answer on Page 43 Dogâ€™s World 29
What’s REALLY Holding You Back? This may or may not surprise you, but I have learned that regardless of age, it usually isn’t lack of skill, time or money that gets in the way of starting or growing your business. Most of the entrepreneurs I work with are between 40 to 65 years young, and when they hit a wall or spin their wheels, it’s rarely associated to lack of ability, desire, physical or monetary means. Physically, they have what it takes, but mentally -- there’s a lifetime of baggage blocking access to real progress. Many have raised children, have been supervisors at work, devoted and hardworking employees, and creative geniuses, and despite their lifetime of accomplishments, something seems to come up when they begin the journey from employee to entrepreneur. Some of it is tied to the transition into the business world, but much of it also comes from reaching a certain point in life where you can start putting your needs ahead of others. You have raised your children, supported your spouse in his or her career, served as a loyal employee to your boss and now, it’s time to focus on following your dream. The problem is the dream is clouded by old programming. How many times in the past did you do or say things you didn’t want to simply to please your parents, teachers, spouse, church leaders or children? Did you take courses you didn’t want to take or jobs you hated because someone told you it was best for you? Did you marry someone you shouldn’t have because you were told it was the “right” thing to do? How many times were you told you had dumb ideas, weren’t smart, pretty or strong enough? How many times were you told not to bother pursuing a professional sport, music or writing because you’d never make it -- only the exceptional few did? If you’re struggling to get clear on what you
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by: Laurie Hayes
want or if you’re not taking the right actions even though you know what must be done, look inside yourself and try to uncover what’s really holding you back. How much of other people’s “stuff” are you allowing to influence how big you dream and the actions you do or do not take? I recall a colleague of mine who today is a millionaire, but when he started his business he struggled to succeed. He had done well in corporate, but when he started to promote his new business, he couldn’t attract clients.
I share these stories not to encourage you to blame your parents or loved ones for the obstacles in your life, but to create awareness of the fact that what often holds us back is our belief that we must be responsible for everyone else’s happiness and comfort.
It was only after he locked himself in his office for a full day and began looking at his marketing materials that he realized he had designed everything to appease his father and gain his approval. He wasn’t communicating to his target audience at all.
One of my former clients works with people who struggle with what she calls People Pleasing Syndrome because it is more often than not the biggest obstacle to personal and professional growth.
He re-wrote his material, changed the way he promoted himself, and within months attracted numerous clients. Another client realized in her late 50’s that because she was allowing her father to make her feel guilty because he had helped her out when she was younger, every day was dictated by his mood and the demands he placed on her. She couldn’t grow her business because she allowed her father to determine the amount of time and activities she could focus on each day. It took almost two years to release the guilt and feeling that she had to be at his beck and call, but when she did, doors began to open. She started receiving phone calls and orders from large organisations and she started meeting people with huge networks who loved her products and wanted to share her with all of their friends. She became a vibrant, confident woman and started attracting other vibrant people into her life.
If you’re facing challenges in your business, take some time to look at the behaviours and beliefs you hold. What thoughts may be holding you back? What actions do you take that you know for a fact aren’t moving you forward? Make the effort to uncover the reasons behind your thoughts and actions. If this is too hard to do on your own, seek the assistance of a coach or trusted professional. Your life, your business and your ultimate happiness depend on your ability to give yourself permission to follow your dream without guilt or embarrassment and if you need help to make that happen, give yourself that gift. You deserve it. About The Author Laurie Hayes, founder of The HBB Source, and creator of The Complete 12-Step Guide To Starting A Home-Based Business, helps entrepreneurs build loyal client relationships and attract more quality referrals. Learn how to build your business through customer appreciation at http://www.hbbsourcecards.com.
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Paws for Thought
the love of OUR Dogs….”
Sharing and Discussing contemporary issues that affect Dog ownership in Nigeria
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Paws for Thought
Dogâ€™s World 37
Breeding Your Dog:
Does it Make Any Cents? For those who may balk at the high price of a good pup or who may be thinking, “At those prices I should become a breeder!” let me assure you that breeding does not make millionaires. There are a lot of bad reasons people breed their dogs, but there are only a few good ones. If you don’t meet all three of the following conditions and you still want to breed your dog, take a long, hard look at the situation across the country before you decide to contribute to the problem.
on a champion-quality stud. There may be travel and boarding expenses, but we’ll give you a break and pretend that dream-guy lives down the block. Once your gal is pregnant she’ll need routine vet exams to check for infections that might affect the health of the pups. If anything goes wrong you may have to pay for ultrasounds or an emergency C-section. Oh yeah, pregnant dogs eat more, and need more vitamins . . . We’re talking N30,000 or more, even for a healthy pregnancy. You’ll need some special equipment for the big day: whelping box, thermometer, scissors, towels, baby scales, tweezers, thermostats, baby suction bulb, bottles and/or tubes for feeding (just in case mom gets an infection or can’t feed her pups), milk replacement formula, and nail clippers. But you probably have most of this stuff lying around, right? So we’ll be modest and say N 3000. Whew! The pups arrive and all is well. Now the money starts rolling in, right?
1. You have in a five generation pedigree (at least) for your dog that contains numerous champions in conformation, obedience, and/ or fieldwork. There is no evidence of in-breeding, and you have a stud in mind with a complimentary pedigree. 2. Your dog is in excellent condition and closely fits the standards for the breed. 3. You possess an abundance of time, patience, and indeed, passion for dogs in general, and your breed in particular. What’s more, you are in a financial position to cover the expenses that invariably incur with breeding dogs (see below).
Maybe it’s understandable why 75% of new breeders abandon the idea.
If you’re a dog-lover looking for a way to make a few extra bucks, do yourself a favour and open up a kennel or a grooming salon. Don’t imagine that raising pups will bring in the bucks, for the reality is the very opposite. But in case you’re still seeing dollar signs this article should give you an idea of the cost involved in breeding a dog.
To begin with, there are the initial costs, like purchasing the mother. If you remember condition #1 (above), you know that you’re going to need to be picky if you want to breed her. Plan on a minimum of N30,000 to N 250,000 depending on the breed.. You’ll then need to have a series of tests run to make sure she meets condition #2. These tests include hip X-rays to rule out hip dysplasia, eye tests to check for cataracts, and tests for thyroid disease, in addition to any other tests recommended for the breed. These tests will cost you. Of course, you don’t have to do these tests, but it you don’t, you have no way of guaranteeing the genetic health of your pups, which serious buyers will be expecting. Then, of course there are the dog supplies you’ll need for the first year or two before your gal is ready to breed (food, toys, vitamins — you’re going to want to keep her healthy), but you had already planned on those, right? Tack on another N 100,000 (depending on the breed. Much more if your dog is a Boerboel or Mastiff). So now we get to the costs at the time of breeding. Expect at least N 5,000 for the stud fee, although it’s more if you insist
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Wrong! You’ve only just begun. To keep those pups in tip-top shape you’ll need puppy wormer (given at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks), diarrhoea medication, wellness check-ups with the vet, vaccinations certifications, extra puppy food and vitamins, and advertisement fees! Plan on N 3000 minimum for each pup. Oh, and you’ll need time off work to care for mother and pups. But you had ample time, right (condition #3)?
Wow! All those expenses add up fast ! So for your first year, you have spent going on N200,000. However you should not be breeding your bitch till she is two years old. So add to this another year of feeding etc. which brings us to over N360,000 in expenses for the first litter of an average sized breed. If you get 6 pups, your cost would be over N60,000 per pup. You might be lucky and have 8 pups. Then again you might only get one or two pups as is usually the case with first deliveries. But if you are really unlucky, she will deliver a large litter of 9 to 10 puppies which will all die one by one after you have spent heavy medical costs trying to keel them alive. After seven litters, you might make your money back. But then again, consider that annual maintenance of the mother will cost you some N 100,000 or more, and you shouldn’t breed her at intervals more frequent than two years. Maybe it’s understandable why 75% of new breeders abandon the idea. The verdict is in . . . if you’re thinking of breeding for the money, you should know right now, breeding definitely does not make cents! Culled from an article by Emma Snow an animal lover works in marketing for Dog Pound http://www.dog-pound.net and Horse Stall http://www.horse-stall.net leading portals for pet management.
Do you Agree?
Braining T ooks
Do You Agree? If you Agree or Disagree with any article or comment in this publication, or you just have suggestions to make on any dog topic at all, we would like to hear from you. We will publish the best letter or write-up so pick up your pen or keyboard and write us at:
Dogâ€™s World Magazine Suite E177, Ikota Shopping Complex, Victoria Garden City Ajah - Lagos. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Dogâ€™s World 39
Health and Care
Why You Have Hair Loss as You Age by: Rudy Silva As you know, most of you at some point will start experiencing hair loss. There are some of you that became bald in your twenties or thirties, but most of you will lose your hair gradually and then one day you will notice your hair thinning in one area. This occurs because as you age your health deteriorates.
Poor health and hair loss
There are quite a few areas that are related to hair loss. But in general they are all tied together in a fine puzzle. The major reason for hair loss that I discovered was poor health; both physical and psychological. When you are in poor health, you will exhibit numerous symptoms and one that becomes obvious is hair loss. The extreme poor health condition is when people are subjected to chemotherapy. All of the body systems are poisoned creating massive poor health. All hair is lost.
Hair loss and the endocrine system
Hair loss relates to your body’s endocrine system. It is these organs, thyroid, adrenal, thymus, and pancreas that control the function of your body’s health by the hormones that they release. One hormone that
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controls hair loss and hair growth is testosterone.
Hair loss and testosterone
Testosterone is frequently converted to a substance call DHT by a specific enzyme. It is DHT that affects hair growth by disturbing your hair’s follicle and destroying it. When the endocrine organs fail to control testosterone there is an excess, much of this excess is converted to DHT. Women also have testosterone but this is balanced by the high level of oestrogen that they have. But when the oestrogen balance is upset, women will see hair loss because of more testosterone in their blood.
Diet and hair loss
The food you eat also determines how much testosterone is created in your body. It is important to eat a special type of natural diet to maintain healthy organs that can keep a hormonal balance in your body, so that you have good body health. When you are not in the best of health and use various types of medication, your hormones are out of balance and your body is in need of nutritional help. It is the vitamins and minerals
that help the body rebalance itself, but it is best that these nutrients come from raw food. This is why a colon and blood cleanse is important because it gives your body some help in providing nutrients and giving it a rest from processing heavy foods.
Stress and hair loss
Then there is stress. This is a real hair killer. Stress uses up a lot of your vitamins and minerals. Your body protects you from stress by releasing cortisone and by adjusting your hormone levels to an un-natural condition. Stress creates an imbalance in your hormones and your hair loss increases and your health starts to deteriorate. The one thing I realized as I researched why I experience hair loss 15 years ago is that if you seek to improve your health in a natural way, your health gets better and your hair loss stops and maybe you may even grow some hair back.
About The Author Rudy Silva, natural nutritionist, has just introduced his new hair loss e-book call “New Hair Loss Treatments.” To find out more details on this e-book, go to: http:// www.hair-loss-remedies.for--you.com.
Health and Care
The Science Behind Male Menopause by: Nelson Howe
Once a man is in his mid-forties, he will eventually start to be concerned on the next stage of life, which is death. As a result, his apprehension of being next among those he knew who have passed away will eventually lead to several symptoms of which is often times referred to as “mid-life crisis”. This particular phase in a man’s life is called male menopause or medically known as “andropause”.
alcohol intake in the body and cigarette consumption which can greatly aggravate the symptoms of andropause.
Loss of energy and fluctuation of man’s virility level are just some of the most notable indicators of andropause. This is because of the alteration of the production of male sex hormones. Generally, this problem occurs to a man during the age of 45 up to 55.
However, not all men will experience the effects of andropause. Such a crisis is considered by some as an insult to a male body. That is why, having a healthy lifestyle is the main weapon to avoid or minimize the effects of male menopause.
Actually, andropause are two distinct stages that occur among males and are most of the time considered as one. As a matter of fact, mid-life crisis and andropause are associated with each other because mid-life crisis occurs to men between the ages of 35-45 years, which is before the andropause phase.
Usually, the result of malnutrition or nutritional deficiency of the man’s body can lead to andropause. Symptoms such as nervousness, memory loss and low sex drive could be attributed to normal aging or shortage of chromium.
About The Author Nelson Howe is a writer for http://www.malemenopausehelp.com, where you get information on the truth, dealing, and treating it.
On the other hand, andropause may occur early depending on hoq the person responds to his mid-life crisis; and may also be delayed if that particular person maintains a healthy and active lifestyle. Another symptom of andropause is the irregular loss of vitality. Meaning that a particular person may be more irritable, have significant loss of sex drive and, the most notable, experience depression. Though most people consider these occurrences as normally caused by aging. In the field of medicine, andropause had become a disorder rather than a normal phase in a man’s life. That is why medical science is constantly finding ways to solve this problem. The predicament that usually occurs in a man’s life called andropause is not inherited nor is it natural to all men. That is because, unlike menopause – a predicament that occurs on women of the same age — andropause can be avoided and treated. Stress is also one of the major factors that trigger andropause. Psychological stress and physical stress can lead to too much
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Health and Care
Six Pack Abs
3 Mistakes to Avoid at All Cost by: Tom Gifford
If you are working out to develop six pack abs then you need to be aware of the three biggest mistakes described in this article and avoid them at all cost! First, you need to understand the difference between getting six pack abs and simply losing body fat. Getting six pack abs is a all about having extremely low levels of body fat. For men this is around 8% and for women around 15%. Training and eating to get body fat levels this low is much different than someone who just starts a diet and wants to lose 20-30lbs. If you are just trying to lose a lot of weight, then making small changes to your diet will help you make a lot of progress very fast. For example, if you were to only drink water, unsweetened iced tea, and green tea, then you will not be consuming any calories from beverages. For someone who just wants to lose weight, a small modification such as this can make a big difference. For someone who wants to get six pack abs, the process is much more detailed. Here are two mistakes that most people make when they try to develop six pack abs. Six Pack Abs Mistake #1: They try to do too many crunches and ab exercises. While crunches and other ab exercises will help to build a stronger core, they will not help you get down to a low level of body fat. Trying to use endless reps of ab exercises simply does not build enough muscle or work your body hard enough to burn significant calories. The myth of “spot” reduction is where a
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lot of people get caught up. The concept of spot reduction basically states that if you want to lose fat in a certain part of the body you should work the muscle underneath it. Our bodies do not store fat in one specific place, therefore you cannot lose fat in one specific place either. I guarantee you will never see someone who has six pack abs in the front and is flabby around the rest of their midsection. If spot reduction actually worked this is what would happen. In the real world however, you need to focus on losing body fat all over in order to developing six pack abs. Six Pack Abs Mistake #2: Trying to use infomercial ab gimmicks When you see an advertisement for an “miracle” piece of ab equipment, the people who are using them usually have great bodies, low body fat, and a great six pack. However I can guarantee you one thing, and that is they did not get that way to using one single piece of abdominal exercise equipment. Like we just talked about with why lots of crunches do not help you get six pack abs, the same holds true for any ab crunch machine or anything else you see on an advertisement. This all goes back to the false concept that working the abs with lots of exercises will directly lead to a six pack. All the people who have the best abs got them by exercising their whole body and by adhering to a very strict diet. Not by using some ab crunch gimmick for “two easy payments of $29.95.” Six Pack Abs Mistake #3: Eating too many calories. Sounds overly simplistic doesn’t it?
This is one of the most important core concepts that is crucial to understanding how to lose body fat and develop six pack abs. So many people try to eat healthy and still have trouble losing weight. Sometimes they think they have something physiologically wrong with them and their bodies simply cannot lose weight. Before you fall into this trap and start seeking “miracle” quick fixes, you need to know that not being able to lose body fat is simply a matter of taking in too many calories. If you try keeping a food journal for a week and counting the calories you consume you will be amazed at the insight it will give you. Even if you eat 400 extra calories a day from little snacks here and there (which is not difficult at all), you will be taking in an extra 2,800 calories per week. For some people, taking in an extra 500-1000 calories per day can easily come from foods that are extremely calorie dense but do not help you feel full. Such foods include bagels, donuts, muffins, potato chips, soda, any kind of fast food, and more. So before you think that getting six pack abs or simply losing body fat is impossible for you, try taking a few days to really track what you are eating. You will be surprised that losing weight can really be as simple as cutting out small calories dense foods from your diet. A wise man once said that having sexy six pack abs feels better than the best tasting food in the world. Remember this concept and start taking action today. Good luck!
Health and Care
Does Your Pet Have Worms? By: Matthew Homfray
Of the ailments pets can suffer from, worms may not be the most dangerous to an animal’s health but they are one of the most unpleasant from an owners perspective. Not only can they cause weight loss and mild diarrhoea in your pet, they are also unsightly and some of them can be transmitted to humans. There are 4 different types of worms that affect dogs and cats: roundworms, tapeworms, hookworms and whipworms. These vary greatly in both the part of the intestinal tract that they live in and the effect they have on the animal.
(Toxocara species) These worms are commonly seen in young dogs and cats. The adults live in the small intestine and the eggs are passed in the faeces. Animals are infected by eating
other infected animals (e.g. mice, rats), eating the faeces of other animals or, in puppiea and kittens, via their mother’s milk. Eggs are passed in the faeces 3 weeks after infection. Infection with roundworms can cause a poor hair coat, weight loss (or lack of weight gain in puppies/kittens), a potbellied appearance, and diarrhoea. Worms are sometimes vomited up or seen in the faeces. Treatment is with an oral deworming medication with a follow up dosage in 3 weeks to catch the next generation that were eggs or larvae at the time of the first dosing. Roundworms can infect humans, not usually in the adult form, but in their larval form. In a few cases children who ingest the eggs can suffer eye damage or blindness because the worm larvae move through the body causing damage to the tissues. This disease is called
Visceral Larval Migrans.
(Dipylidium and Taenia species) Tapeworms are long flat white worms composed of many segments that live in the intestines of dogs and cats. There are 2 main types that affect dogs and cats, Dipylidium and Taenia species. Dipylidium is obtained by the animal eating an infected flea whilst grooming (licking) itself. Taenia on the other hand is transmitted by eating infected small mammals (rats and mice), or by eating the faeces of infected animals. Cats that hunt and dogs that live on farms are the highest risk. Diagnosis is by visualization of the small, rice-like worms in the faeces (most common method); or seeing the eggs on a fecal flotation exam. The eggs and worm segments are inconsistently shed in Continue on Next Page...
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Health and Care
Does Your Pet Have Worms? Continued from Previous Page the faeces, so just because you cannot see any in your petâ€™s stool does not guarantee that your pet is not infected. Nor does a negative fecal flotation exam completely rule out the existence of a tapeworm infection. Clinical signs are rare since tapeworm infection rarely causes a problem. Some clinical signs can be a dull coat, an itchy anus, diarrhoea or lethargy. Treatment is via oral deworming medication, an injection or a spot-on.
Tapeworm infection of humans is not common but can occur occasionally, usually in children who have ingested a flea which contains the larvae of the tapeworm. Adults can become infected with tapeworms by eating infected meat that is not cooked properly.
(Ancylostoma species) These worms are most commonly seen in young dogs and cats. Adult worms live in the small intestine, with the eggs passing out of the body in the stool. Animals become infected with hookworms by the following routes: eating infective eggs or larvae, penetration of footpads or skin by larvae, transmission through the milk while nursing young, or transmission from the mother into the faetus while still pregnant. It takes three weeks from the time of infection until eggs are passed into the faeces. Hookworm infection can cause a
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severe and sometimes fatal anaemia in young, weak, or malnourished animals. Clinical signs are weight loss, diarrhoea, and bloody faeces. Worms are occasionally seen in the faeces. Treatment consists of oral deworming medication and correction of any anaemia. A follow up treatment is given 3 weeks later. Hookworm larvae can penetrate human skin and potentially cause a skin problem called Cutaneous Larval Migrans. No one should be barefoot for 5-7 days while the pet is being treated for hookworms.
(Trichuris species) This worm affects dogs 3 months of age or older. The adults live in the large intestine and eggs are passed in the feces. Diagnosis can sometimes be difficult because whipworms are not prolific egg-layers. Infection is via fecal-oral transmission. Eggs do not appear in the faeces until 3 months after infection. Clinical signs that can be seen are weight loss and diarrhoea, with or without blood. These worms are usually not seen in the stool. Treatment consists of an oral deworming medication with a follow up treatment in 3 months.
Treating your pet
Regardless of whether your pet is an indoor or outdoor creature, you should deworm them regularly to keep good hygiene. Many indoor cat owners believe that since their cats are not hunters, there is no way they could have acquired worms. However, the author has seen many indoor cats with fleas (brought in on the owners clothing or shoes most likely) and many fleas are infected with the tapeworm Dipylidium. Therefore even purely indoor cats can be carrying worms. Puppies and kittens should be wormed every 2 weeks from 4 weeks of age up until 12 weeks. The worms they would be carrying at this age
are roundworms, ingested via their mothers milk, so the recommended treatment is to treat with the drug fenbendazole , which is available as a liquid, as sachets of granules or as a paste in a syringe. Dogs and cats greater than 12 weeks old can be dewormed using conventional worming tablets. This should be done every 3 months for optimum protection. There are a whole range of products out there, but the strongest and most effective ones are always those purchased from a veterinarian. Products purchased over the counter from supermarkets or pet shops will often only protect against one of the types of worm and not the others, or will only provide 1 month protection rather than 3. Here are some useful tips on how to keep your pet worm free: 1. Adult cats and dogs should be dewormed with a veterinary licensed product every 3 months. 2. Over the counter deworming medications may not always be effective. 3. Prevent your pet from eating rodents such as mice, rats and rabbits. 4. Prevent your pet from eating earthworms (roundworm infection). 5. Prevent your pet from eating feces (tapeworm infection). 6. Remove faeces from your lawn, street, or kennel daily. 7. Exercise your pets in grassy areas not frequented by other animals. 8. Control fleas! (Fleas carry Dipylidium tapeworm) 9. Deworm females before breeding and again after whelping to prevent infection of newborn puppies/kittens. 10. Deworm puppies and kittens every 2 weeks from 4 to 12 weeks of age. The author Dr Matthew Homfray is one of the experts at www.WhyDoesMyPet.com Expert Answers for all you Pet Questions. Visit this site and ask your pet question. You will be impressed by the quality of their pet experts and the speed with which your question is answered!
Health and Care
GroomingTips By: George Mello Many people overlook the importance of grooming their dog to their overall health and well-being. Grooming is an essential part of caring for your dog, and should be done on a regular basis for the best results. Some of the benefits your pet will reap are increased skin oils resulting in a beautiful, healthy coat, a decrease in skin problems, less shedding around the house and car, and a more obedient pet, just to name a few.
You will need plenty of patience to groom and style your dog if you plan to do it on a regular basis, especially if it does not like this type of treatment. You will need to learn a few tips, ideas, and professional hints on grooming your pet if you ever want give him quality care. It is a good idea to start using environmentally safe and animal friendly (non-toxic) substitutes when grooming your dog. You must groom your dog’s whole body including the legs, tail, and under body if you want to do it right. You must groom certain dogs from the skin outward to truly be effective in taking care of their coat of hair and keeping it healthy. Comb through the unseen healthy hair and remove the shedding hair. This is what most groomers do first before cutting your pet’s coat. You know your dog is well-mannered when it will sit still and allow you or a professional to perform regular grooming and maintenance without any fuss. The more often you groom your dog, the better he will be at receiving your attention and responding to your commands. This will also strengthen the bond between you. Last, but not least, you might want to rethink your choice to get a dog if you are not ready to handle all the responsibility of grooming and feeding one. If you don’t have the time or the desire to do it yourself, it’s time to call the professionals. Your dog will love you for it, and you’ll feel great about it too. The Author - George Mello http://www.pet-grooming-boarding.info, http://www.horse-lover-gift-ideas-central.com I’m a dad of a pet loving family. Our favourites are dogs and horses, and I have shown both over the years. Now I just enjoy being around them and sharing information about them with others.
Dog’s World 45
We have another group. A person buys as a pet or receives as a gift a puppy which turns out exceptionally well, and they are advised to show it. They do so, and it makes some nice wins and the dog becomes a Champion. Very frequently this person is “bitten by the bug,” and succumbs, and dreams about breeding their own Champion. They stay around and often become an important member of the first group, the serious breeders.
Then we have the person looking for a hobby or perhaps a weekend activity. What better hobby than one which offers you some travelling, some outdoor activity, and a great deal of pleasure and good fellowship while also keeping you fairly active and very much interested. I remember being at an outdoor show rather early one very beautiful Sunday morning talking to Mr. Percy Roberts. Percy was then a top professional handler, one who shows other people’s dogs for pay; he is now a well-known professional all-round judge, one who is eligible to judge all breeds of dog. Percy told me that one of his relatives had chided him earlier that morning for being in a profession which occupied all his weekends. He looked around the beautiful show grounds, at Long Island Sound sparkling in the background and dotted with a few sailboats, at the clear blue sky overhead, and as he lovingly patted his dog he began to laugh, and he said to me, “And to think I get paid for this!” Yes, there is much enjoyment to be had in the dog game.
Only Fun and Crazy People Allowed Article By: Jon Weaver
good competition, for it shows them if they are on the right track in their breeding program. This is important. Many dogs look very good at home and only when they are compared with other good dogs can you see if they are better.
Who are the people who show dogs? Are they lunatics or fanatics? The dog people have a favourite joke about themselves. They say you don’t have to be crazy to enjoy shows, but it certainly helps! This is because they actually go through many hardships and Comparison is the material of which dog shows are made. Every dog looks disappointments but still enjoy it and good in the back yard, but how does call it fun. he look in the ring. To the serious breeders, showing is important for It is one of the fascinating peculiarities another reason. It gives them a chance of the dog game that the people who to let other breeders and fanciers see are thrown together in the pursuit of what they have accomplished. They this sport are from so many different may own an excellent specimen of walks of life: dentists, carpenters, the breed, one which would be very teachers, bankers, housewives, valuable particularly for their ability to farmers, musicians, engineers, artists, sire exceptional puppies , but no one industrialists, young and old, rich and poor. All have the same desireto take home a blue ribbon. Perhaps you wonder why they show dogs. I take it you are interested in showing or you wouldn’t be reading this article. I warn you, however, that the day may come when you will wonder why you ever decided to go in for something involving so much hard work and heartaches but so much sheer enjoyment! Well, why do they show dogs? There are many reasons, and here are a few. First, we have the serious dog breeders. They make a promise to themselves to improve the breed in which they are interested, and they are anxious to compare their dogs with
46 Dog’s World
Finally on our list of those who exhibit dogs we have the “show-off,” the exhibitionist. If you like to be in the public eye, here is your chance. Go ahead, show a good dog, you’ll really enjoy it! But I’ll tell you something. One of two things will happen: either you’ll fall in love with the sport and become serious about it and a part of it, giving you an interest which will lessen your need of the spotlight; or you’ll look elsewhere for that spotlight, for without a genuine love for and interest in dogs and the dog game you can’t last, you will become bored, you’ll be forced to find a new spotlight.
Every dog looks good in the back yard, but how does he look in the ring. would know about him if he were not shown. Then we have a group of people who look at the dog shows as a competitive and active sport. The dog game affords plenty of action but is not so strenuous as, let us say, skiing or tennis. As a matter of fact, there are a great many physically handicapped persons who show dogs successfully.
In whichever category you fit in to, there is a great chance that the sport will pull you in more and more. It takes a special person to be a dog handler, so enjoy the experience! The author offers free information and secrets on how to have the Champion at dog shows -- Plus articles on how to show a dog yourself! Visit his site at www.DogShowingSecrets.com.
B Lifestyles ooks
The Calabash We have used it to wash rice, store water and goat milk, scoop garri, decorate our homes, play our music, and a miriad of other purposes . . or we have simply eaten it! But designer, Modela, took the ornamental quality of our dearest calabash to great heights during the recent Nigeria Fashion Week organised by Legendary Gold. Since 1997, through its annual events, the Nigeria Fashion Show, the Nigeria Fashion Week and the Nigeria Fashion TV Model Awards, hosted in Lagos, Abuja, Paris, Milan, Stockholm and Cape Town, Legendary Gold has in no small mannner catapulted the Nigerian fashion scene to great heights both nationally and worldwide. Thanks to Legendary Gold, Nigeria has now been endorsed as the 41st country to participate in the first ever annual World Fashion Week which comes up in Hollywood in November, 2008 while the major event comes up in April, 2009 in New York City. Nigerian designers have already hit the drawing board since their new collections at the next annul Nigeria Fashion Week, from 22 to 26 July in Lagos, since the event will be attended the the President of The World Fashion Association, Paco De James. Dogâ€™s World 47
48 Dogâ€™s World
Bifestyles L ooks
Senegal ! Land of long swaying boubous and Tcheboudjien rice. But while you are there, the one thing that looms in your mind is the image of Ile de GorĂŠe, the famous island in the Cape Vert Peninsula. The house of slaves used as a holding and transfer point for human cargo during the slave trade and one of the principal factories in that triangular trade between Africa, Europe and the Americas. Yet in the photo it looks so ominously serene. The island, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the homeland of Rapper Akon as he mentioned in his song Senegal and is also claimed by French rapper Booba in his song Gade la Peche.
Dogâ€™s World 49
It is well . . .
When peace like a river attendeth my way, When sorrow like sea billows roll; Whatever my lot, thou hast taught me to say It is well, it is well, with my soul
nd so it was well as the MUSON Choir and Orchestra ushered in the Easter festivities with their Passion Concert under the direction of conductor Emeka Nwokedi. Along with angelic voices of soloists, Vivian Ogbo, Agatha Ibeazor, Francesca Boyo and Maryanna Agetu, pianist Alaba Akinselure and Organist Ayo Ajayi, the audience was invited to sing along some of their favourite hymns (of course including It is well). Membership of MUSON is open to all music lovers. Contact 01 2646663 â€“ 4 or visit the website.
50 Dogâ€™s World
Bifestyles L ooks
Sister, Sister In our recent trip to Dakar, Senegal, Dog’s World witnessed first hand the new ‘Taxi Sister’ project, by which the Senegalese government has given 10 women brand-new cars, which they will gradually pay for and eventually own. The project is touted as a way to bring women out of poverty and introduce non-traditional occupations. The government
plans to have 50 female taxi drivers on its streets, and hopes to expand the project nationwide. There is a general attitude in Africa that women should not be driving at all, not to talk of driving taxis and some men are having a hard time accepting the idea. However, times are changing and we are fast getting use to the phenomenum.
Celebrating the Theater Arts The national Association of Nigerian Theatre Arts Practitioners (NANTAP) celebrated, ’The International Theatre Day on the 27th of March 2008, amidst pomp and pageantry. The celebrations were marked with a stage drama titled, Nana of the Niger Delta. The play, which was directed by Israel Ehoh, was seen at the Muson Center and the National Arts Theatre, Lagos. The association also used the day to honour veteran artiste, Elder Steve Rhodes, as well as members of its advisory council and patrons. The United Nations, 46 years ago, declared 27th of March; International Theatre Day. Speaking with Dog’s World on the event, Chairman of NANTAP, Suleiman Deji Eti-ewe, called on Government and the private sector to support the development of Nigerian Theatre.
TheV Monologues Theatre was again brought to life by the Kudirat Abiola Initiative for Democracy (KIND) at the MUSON Centre,the National Arts Theatre and the Nigerian Cultural Centre, also known as, Terra Kulture. The play, The Virgina Monologues is an production staged by KIND and directed by Wole Oguntokun, to sensitize people on issues of violence against women and the various experiences and challenges women face in respect of their sexuality.
Dog’s World 51
Questions & Answers Q
Doc, Thank you for the articles you wrote in the last issue of Dog’s World Magazine. I want to know why vet care for my pet is so expensive. Sometimes I feel I am spending more on my pet’s health than on my own. T. Olajide - Yaba
-Relatively speaking, vet care does not cost a great deal.
The cost of vet care has actually risen very little over the past ten years. When compared to the rising cost of human health care, pet care is not unreasonable. Please bear in mind that your vet is not only your pet’s general physician, but also it’s surgeaon, radiologist, dentist, dermatologist, neurologist, opthalmologist, ear/nose/throat specialist and pharmacist. Your vet bill is a reflection of the cost of maintaining the necessary facilities, equipment and support staff to provide the level of care expected in animal medicine today. The extent of care given to your pet is also determined by you, its owner. As a reponsible pet owner, you place a high value on your animal and would want to consider what is best for it.
- How can I control ticks on my dog and in our
compound? C. Nwachukwu
Word Search Solution
52 Dog’s World
- Dear Reader, ticks are common parasites on dogs, but
can be controlled if your dog’s condition is carefully managed. Depending on the severity of the tick infestation, you can start by picking the ticks off the body. But in cases of high infestation, you will need the help of your vet, who will prescribe a chemical bath and give certain medication. However, the environment and the kennels should be fumigated regularly. I would also advise that your environment be kept clean and free of bushes. It is very important to seek assistance from your vet as you might not be able to cope on your own.
- Is it alright to use Indian Hemp to make dogs aggressive? O. Peter
-The answer to this is a capital “NO ! ! !” Dog owners
should not be giving their dogs hard drugs such as Indian Hemp, Cocaine and all sorts. Owners that indulge in such behaviour are going against fundamental animal rights and can get into trouble with the law. They are also at risk of being attacked by these animals themselves.
- The chain I am using on my dog has caused wounds on its neck. What can I do? O. Adewole
- You should not be tying a chain around your dog’s
neck. There are collars available in different sizes, designs and colours. To start with remove the chain completely for the wound to heal. Later you can buy a collar with foam inside to cushion your dog’s bruises. The collar can be left permanently on your dog, and a lead can be used to walk the dog. If the wound does not start to heal immediately then show it to your vet.
Gallery of Dog Breeds
Heights are measured from the shoulder to the ground
AFGHAN HOUND Strength and dignity, combining speed and power COAT: Long. All Colours SIZE: Approx. 70 cm
BASSET HOUND Short-legged hound of considerable substance, well balanced. COAT: Smooth, short and close without being too fine. Generally black, white and tan (tri-colour). SIZE: 33 – 38 cm
AKITA Composed, faithful, docile and receptive. COAT: Red fawn, sesame, brindle and white, whitish coat on the sides of the muzzle, on the cheeks, on the underside of jaw, neck, chest, body and tail and on the inside of the legs. SIZE: 61.67 cm.
BEAGLE Alert, intelligent and of even temperament. Amiable and alert, showing no aggression or timidity. COAT: Short, dense and weatherproof. Any recognised hound colour other than liver. SIZE: 33 cm – 40 cm
ALASKAN MALAMUTE Affectionate and friendly. COAT: Thick coat ranging from light grey to black, sable, and shadings of sable to red. SIZE: 23 - 26 in.
BEARDED COLLIES Steady, intelligent working dog, with no signs of nervousness or aggression. COAT: Slate grey, reddishfawn, black, blue, all shades of grey, brown and sandy. SIZE: 51 – 56 cm
AME SPANIEL Equable in temperam,ent with no suggestion of timidity. COAT: Silky, flat or slightly wavy. COLOUR: Any solid colour, ranging from lightest cream to black. SIZE: About 38 cm.
BELGIAN SHEEP (Tervuren) Warm, neither timid, nervous nor aggressive. COAT: Long and abundant, ruff-like around neck, particularly in males. Black or black with limited white. Frosting (white or grey) on muzzle. SIZE: 56 – 66 cm
AMERICAN STAFFORD TERRIER COAT: Short, close and glossy. Any colours. SIZE: 43 – 48 cm
BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG Long haired tri-coloured working dog, of above medium size. COAT: Long, smooth or slightly wavy. Jet black with rich tan markings and white markings. SIZE: Approx. 58 – 70 cm
BASENJI COAT: Short, sleek and close, very fine. Skin very pliant. Pure black and white; red and white; black, tan and white. White on the feet, chest and tail tips. SIZE: Approximately 41cm
Dog’s World 53
Gallery of Dog Breeds Heights are measured from the shoulder to the ground
BICHON FRISE Friendly and outgoing. COAT: White fine, silky with soft corkscrew curls. SIZE: 23 – 28 cm
BOXER Lively, strong loyal to owner and family. Obedient, friendly at play but with guarding instinct. COAT: Short glossy, smooth and tight to body. Fawn or brindle in colour. SIZE: Height: 57 – 63 cm
BLOODHOUND Very powerful, affectionate, neither quarrelsome with companions nor with other dogs. Somewhat reserved and sensitive. COAT: Smooth, short and weatherproof. Black and tan, liver and tan and red. SIZE: 61 – 66 cm
BULL TERRIER Strongly built, muscular, well balanced and active, full of fire and courageous. COAT: For white: pure white coat; for coloured, brindle preferred, Black, brindle red, fawn and tri-colour acceptable. SIZE: There are neither weight nor height limits.
BOERBOEL Powerful dog. COAT: Short and smooth. Any colour. SIZE: 55 – 70 cm
BULLDOG Smooth-coated, thick set, low in stature, broad, powerful and compact. Fierce in appearance, but possessed of an affectionate nature. COAT: whole or smut, (i.e. whole colour with black mask or muzzle). SIZE: 61 – 69 cm
BORDER COLLIE Well proportioned, Tenacious, hardworking sheepdog, Keen, alert, responsive and intelligent. COAT: moderately long or Smooth, Variety of colours SIZE: Approx 5.3 cm
BULL MASTIFF Powerful build, enduring, active and reliable. High-spirited, alert and faithful. COAT: Short and hard, weather-resistant. Any shade of brindle, fawn or red. SIZE: 61 – 69 cm.
BOUVIER DES FLANDRES Calm, thoughtful and sensible but fearless dog. COLOUR: Usually grey, brindle or overlaid with black. SIZE: 59 - 61 cm
CANE CORSO Guard dog, Protection, Police and Tracking Dog. Guardian of property, family and livestock: extremely agile and responsive. COAT: Black, grey, fawn brindle SIZE: 60 – 68 cm. CHIHUAHUA Small, dainty, compact, alert dog; swift-moving with brisk, forceful action, Gay spirited and intelligent. COAT: Long or smooth coat. Any colour or mixture of colours. SIZE: Up to 2.7 kg.
54 Dog’s World
Gallery of Dog Breeds
Heights are measured from the shoulder to the ground
CHINESE CRESTED Happy, never vicious. COAT: Hairless. Any colour or combination of colours. SIZE: 23 – 33 cm
DOBERMANN A medium size, strong and muscularly dog. Friendly and calm; very devoted to the family. It loves children. COAT: Short, with tan, brown, yellow to pale grey markings. Solid black or solid grey. SIZE: 55 – 65 cm.
CHOWCHOW Active, compact, quiet dog, good guard, bluish-black tongue. Independent, loyal, yet aloof. COAT: Either rough or smooth. Whole coloured black, red, blue, fawn, cream or white, frequently shaded. SIZE: 46-56 cm
DOGO ARGENTINO Cheerful, frank, humble, friendly and not a barker. COAT: Completely white, SIZE: 60 – 68 cm
COCKER SPANIEL Merry, sturdy, sporting, well balanced, compact. Gentle and affectionate. Yet full of life and exuberance. SIZE: 38 – 41cm
FILA BRASILEIRO Aloofness towards strangers SIZE: 60 cm 75 cm
CORGI (Pembroke) Strong, alert and active, friendly and outgoing. COAT: Medium length, straight with dense undercoat, never soft, wavy or wiry. Self colours in red, sable, fawn, balck and tan, with or without white markings on legs, brisket and neck. SIZE: Approx 22.30 cm.
GREAT DANE Mascular, strongly though elegantly built. Friendly and outgoing COAT: Brindle, fawn, blue, black or harlequin SIZE: 76 cm minimum, weighing up to 54 kg.
DALMATIAN A spotted dog, balanced, strong, muscular and active. Capable of great endurance and a fair turn of speed. Outgoing and friendly, not shy. COAT: Short glossy. Ground colour pure white, black spotted, dense black spots. SIZE:56 – 61 cm
GIANT SCHNAUZER Large, powerful, stocky. An imperturbable dog prepared for defense COAT: Pure black with black undercoat, pepper and salt SIZE: 60 to 70 cm
DASCHUND Intelligent, lively, courageous. COAT: All colours. Smoothhaired, long-haired or wirehaired. SIZE: Standard: 9 – 12 kg (20 – 26 lb). Miniatures: Ideal weight: 4.5 kg (10 lb).
GOLDEN RETRIEVER Kindly, friendly and confident. COAT: Flat or wavy with good feathering. Any shade of gold or cream. SIZE: 51 – 61 cm
Dog’s World 55
Gallery of Dog Breeds Heights are measured from the shoulder to the ground
56 Dog’s World
GORDON SETTER Stylish dog, intelligent, able & dignified. COAT: Deep, shining coal black SIZE: 62 – 66 cm Stylish dog, intelligent, able and dignified. COAT: Deep, shining coal black SIZE: 62 – 66 cm
KING CHARLES SPANIEL Intelligent, reserved and gentle COAT: Long, silky and straight. Black and tan, tricolour, Blenheim or Ruby SIZE: 3.6 - 6.3 kg
GREYHOUND Strongly built, muscular power with long head and neck. Intelligent, gentle, affectionate and even-tempered. COAT: Black, white, red, blue, fawn, fallow, brindle or any of these colours broken with white. SIZE: 69 – 76 cm.
KOMONDOR Very courageous herding dog. COAT: Long and shaggy, tangling white hair. SIZE: At least 65 cm.
GERMAN SHEPHERD A medium-size, slightly elongated, strong and well muscled dog. Even tempered, self assured and easily trained. COAT: Black with tan, brown, yellow to pale grey markings. Solid black or solid grey. SIZE: 55 – 65 cm.
LABRADOR RETREIVER Strongly built, very active. Good tempered, very agile. Excellent nose. COAT: Wholy black, yellow or liver/chocolate. SIZE: 55 – 57 cm
IRISH WOLFHOUND A massive dog COAT: Rough and hard grey, brindle, red, black, pure white, fawn. SIZE: minimum of 40 kg
LHASA APSO Gay and assertive, alert, steady but somewhat aloof with strangers. COAT: Top coat long, heavy, straight. Golden, sandy, honeydark grizzle, slate, smoke, particolour, black, white or brown. SIZE: Approx 25 cm
IRISH SETTER (Irish Red Setter) Handsome and refined, tremendously active with untiring readiness to range and hunt under any conditions. COAT: Rich chestnut. SIZE: 57 – 66 cm
MALTESE Smart, white-coated, lively, intelligent, alert dog. COAT: Good length, not impeding action, straight, of silky texture, pure white SIZE: not exceeding 25 cm.
JACK RUSSEL Bold and fearless, friendly but quietly confident. COAT: May be smooth, broken or rough. Predominantly white with black, tan or brown markings. SIZE: 25 – 30 cm.
NEAPOLITAN MASTIFF Well boned, large, strongly built, vigorous, alert and muscular. A devoted and loyal guard dog. COAT: Preferred black, blue, all shades of grey brown. SIZE: 75 cm (50 – 70 kg)
Gallery of Dog Breeds
Heights are measured from the shoulder to the ground
NEWFOUNDLAND Strong, impressive exceptionally gentle, docile. COAT: Dense, coarse and oily, water resistant. Black, brown or landseer: white with black markings. SIZE: 66 – 71 cm (28in), (5060kg)
PUG Great charm, dignity and intelligence. Even tempered, happy and lively. COAT: Silver, apricot, fawn or black SIZE: 6.3 – 8.1kg.
OLD ENGLISH Bold, faithful and trustworthy. COAT: Profuse shaggy hair. SIZE: At least 56 cm.
RHODESIAN RIDGERBACK Dignified, intelligent, aloof with strangers, but showing no aggression or shyness. COAT: Short and dense, sleek and glossy in appearance. Light wheaten to red wheaten. SIZE: 61 – 63 cm, 30 –32 kg.
PEKINGESE Small, fearless, loyal, aloof but not timid or aggressive. COAT: Long, straight with profuse mane. All colours and markings are permissible and of equal merit. SIZE: Not more than 5kg.
ROTTWEILER Good natured and fond of children. Devoted, obedient, and eager to work. COAT: Black with clear markings of a rich tan on the cheeks, muzzle, throat, chest, legs, over both eyes and under the base of the tail. SIZE: 56 – 68 cm. 42 – 50kg.
POINTER Alert, kind, even disposition COAT: Fine, short hard, and evenly distributed. Usual colours are lemon and white orange and white liver and white, and black and white. SIZE: 61-69 cm.
COLLIE (Rough) Friendly disposition, with no trace of aggressiveness. COAT: Very dense, sable and white, tricolour and blue merle. SIZE: 51- 61cm.
POMERANIAN Compact, extrovert, lively and intelligent. COAT: All colours permissible SIZE: 1.8 – 2.5 kg.
RUSSIAN SHEPHERD (Ovcharka) Fierce and distrustful of strangers. COAT: Long, coarse, dense coat. White or cream. SIZE: 48 – 50 kg.
POODLE Gay-spirited and good tempered. COAT: Very profuse and dense; all solid colours SIZE: Standard Poodles: over 38 cm. Miniature Poodles: 38 – 28 cm Toy Poodles: under 28 cm.
Dog’s World 57
Gallery of Dog Breeds
Heights are measured from the shoulder to the ground
SALUKI Reserved with strangers. Dignigied, intelligent and independent. COAT: Smooth and of soft silky texture. Any colour. SIZE: 57 – 71 cm.
STAFF BULL Highly intelligent and affectionate with children. COAT: Red, fawn, white, black or blue. SIZE: 36 – 41 cm.
SCOTTISH TERRIER Very agile and active in spite of short legs. Dignified, independent and reserved, but courageous and highly intelligent. Bold, but never aggressive. COAT: Close lying, double coat; undercoat short, dense and soft; out coat harsh, dense and wiry, together making a weather-resisting covering. Black, wheaton or brindle of any shade. SIZE: 25 – 28 cm (10 – 11 in). Weight: 8.5 – 10.5 kg (19 – 23 lb).
TIBETAN TERRIER Study, lively, good-natured loyal companion. Outgoing, alert. COAT: White, golden, cream, grey or smoke, black, particolour and tri-colour: any colour except chocolate or liver permissible. SIZE: 36 – 41cm
SHAR PEIA Calm, independent, loyal, affectionate to his family. COAT: Short, harsh and wrinkled. All solid colours except white. SIZE: 44 – 51 cm.
TOSA A patient, courageous Japanese mastiff COAT: Short hard & dense. red, fawn, apricot, black, brindle. SIZE: minimum of 55 to 60 cm
SHIH TZU Intelligent, active and alert. Friendly and independent. COAT: Long, dense. All colours. SIZE: Less than 27 cm.
WEIMARANER Medium sized, grey with light eyes. Fearless, friendly, protective, obedient and alert. COAT: Short, smooth and sleek, preferably silver grey SIZE: 56 – 69 cm.
SIBERIAN HUSKY A medium-sized working dog, quick and light on his feet and free and graceful in action. COAT: The coat of the Siberian Husky is double and medium in length, coming in colours from black to pure white. SIZE: 51 – 60 cm. 16 – 26 kg
WEST HIGHLAND WHITE TERRIER Small, active, alert, gay, courageous COAT: White SIZE: Approximately 28 cm
SAINT BERNARD Friendly by nature. COAT: Short haired or long haired, basic colour white with either small or large reddishbrown splashes or a continuous reddish-brown blanket covering back and flanks. SIZE: Minimum 65 – 90 cm
58 Dog’s World
YORKSHIRE TERRIER Long-coated, alert, intelligent toy terrier. COLOUR: Dark steel blue SIZE: up to 3.2 kg.