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MASTHEAD | AD INDEX

THE FRONT PAGES

PUBLISHER

Nathan Laurie

ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER

Mark Laurie

EDITOR

Megan Santos

CREATIVE DIRECTOR

Anthony Capano

COMMUNICATIONS AND PROJECT MANAGER

David Tal

SENIOR NATIONAL ACCOUNT MANAGER

Mary Vanderpas

NATIONAL ACCOUNT MANAGER

Shannon Tracey

CONTRIBUTORS: CRAIG SEBASTIANO, MIDIFA CHOWDHURY, DARLENE MORALES, BRANDON MILLER, JANA GREGORIO

Photos from thinkstock.com are used throughout this issue; individual artists have been credited. Cover Photo: Ivary Jobpostings publishes the Grad School Planning Guide twice a year. It is distributed to over 145 universities and colleges. Contents of this publication are protected by copyright and may not be reprinted in whole or part without permission of the publishers. “If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?” — Steve Jobs

CONTACT: 25 Imperial Street, Suite 100, Toronto, ON, M5P-1B9 | jobpostings.ca | 416.932.8866 | info@jobpostings.ca Made possible with the support of the Ontario Media Development Corporation.

02 Nipissing University 04 Cambrian College 06 Humber College School of Social and Community Services 08 Lakehead University 10 Algonquin College 12 Faculty of Information (iSchool) University of Toronto 12 Centre for Digital Media

14 Schulich School of Business, York University

28 Ross University School of Medicine

16 Brock University

30 New York Chiropractic College

16 Cornell Institute for Public Affairs

30 Brock University

20 Ryerson University

32 Faculty of Engineering and Design - Carleton University

22 School of Accounting and Finance - University of Waterloo 24 American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine 26 St. George’s University School of Medicine

34 University of Windsor 34 St. Lawrence College 36 St. George’s University School of Veterinary Medicine

38 University of Medicine and Health Sciences 40 Career Connections 42 The Home Depot 47 Sobey School of Business at Saint Mary’s University IBC Sheridan College OBC NECC (New England Center for Children)

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

IFC Bond University

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Right where I belong

Graduate Programs • • • • • •

Master of Arts (History) Master of Arts (Sociology) Master of Environmental Science Master of Environmental Studies Master of Science (Kinesiology) Master of Science (Mathematics)

Schulich School of Education • • •

Bachelor of Education (Concurrent and Consecutive) Master of Education PhD in Education

(with a focus on Educational Sustainability)

For more information visit: www.nipissingu.ca/graduatestudies


TABLE OF CONTENTS

THE FRONT PAGES 09

THE FRONT PAGES 05 CRUNCHIN’ NUMBERS

So you’re thinking about grad school? Here are the stats to help you make your decision.

07 DON’T CRAM

There’s a lot of pressure to do well in grad school. Ensure you pick up some effective study habits.

PREP & ADVICE 11 OFF-CAMPUS LIFE AT IT’S FULLEST

Being a first-time home renter can be pricey and complicated.

13 NETWORK YOUR WAY TO GRAD SCHOOL

Get all the information you need to make the smartest decision for post-grad.

15 FINANCIAL LITERACY FOR STUDENTS

Money is hard to come by as a student. Learn how to be in-the-know with where your money is going.

17 IS GRAD SCHOOL RIGHT FOR YOU?

What you should consider before committing to grad school.

18 SURVIVAL 101: GRAD SCHOOL EDITION

School is a marathon. Here’s to making it all the way to the end.

37

PROGRAMS 21 GO YOUR OWN WAY

Grad school is the next big step in your academic career. There’s a plethora of programs out there to choose from and research is key. But don’t worry, we’ve got you covered!

SPECIAL REPORT 37 U.S. GRAD SCHOOL

FEATURES 45 PLUG INTO TECHNOLOGY

Career opportunities are plentiful for tech-savvy new grads in Canada. Gain some leverage by taking on a grad school program in the field.

THE BACK PAGES 48 THE SALARY REPORT

Wonder what an MBA salary looks like around the world? (It’s definitely a pretty paycheque!)

45

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

Farewell Canada, welcome to the USA! From studying options to student visas to a special on U.S. law school, we’re here to help you get ready! Now all you have to do is pack.

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Imagine a career path designed by you… for you… Wherever you’re at in your educational journey, we’ll help you take the next step towards your dream career.

Graduate certificate programs

Fast-track diploma options

Degree pathways

cambriancollege.ca/pathways info@cambriancollege.ca


CRUNCHIN’ NUMBERS | GRAD SCHOOL DECISION

THE FRONT PAGES

With a degree at hand, you’re weighing out your options for the near future. Whether you’re all for grad school or it’s just a mere consideration, it’s important to know what you’re getting yourself into. Grad school can give you added academic exposure, leading to meaningful careers.

Words Megan Santos // Illustrations Anthony Capano

AVERAGE TUITION FEES IN 2013/2014 COMPARED TO 2003/2004 2003/2004 $4,025 2013/2014 $6,053

HOW MUCH TIME YOU’LL SPEND IN GRAD SCHOOL, BY DEGREE TYPE: GRADUATE CERTIFICATE: ONE-TWO YEARS COURSE-BASED MASTER’S: ONE YEAR RESEARCH-BASED MASTER’S: ONE-TWO YEARS PHD: TWO-SIX YEARS

$1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 $3,000 $3,500 $4,000 $4,500 $5,O00 $6,000

Sources: statcan.gc.ca, univcan.ca, 12.statcan.gc.ca, Canadian-universities.net

CRUNCHIN’ NUMBERS

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THE INTERNATIONAL PRESENCE IN CANADIAN POST-SECONDARY SCHOOLS IS SIGNIFICANT. THE OTHER COUNTRIES STUDENTS ARE CHOOSING:

5

US 49% UK 17% FRANCE 6% OTHER 28%

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3

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IN 2011, ALMOST 42% OF PHD GRADUATES SAID THEY COMPLETED THE CREDENTIAL OUTSIDE OF A CANADIAN INSTITUTION

IN 2014, CANADIAN UNIVERSITIES PERFORMED $12.4 BILLION WORTH OF RESEARCH

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

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ADDICTIONS & MENTAL HEALTH POSTGRADUATE CERTIFICATE

The Addictions and Mental Health postgraduate program at Humber will empower you with the knowledge and skills you need for a rewarding career. Learn to deliver responsive, culturally relevant, client-centered assessment and treatment to diverse individuals and groups. Practice ways to effectively collaborate and transform lives as a valuable part of a professional support team.

communityservices.humber.ca


SOFT SKILLS | DON’T CRAM!

There’s a lot of pressure to do well in grad school. Ensure you pick up some effective study habits. Last semester, how many times have you sat through three-hour lectures or been asked to read too many pages in a textbook overnight? My guess is too many to keep count. Exams are stressful because of the expectations to do well in your courses—remembering every lecture and every chapter in the textbook. In most cases, exams are a cumulative package of all learning taught during the semester. So, the question is: how on earth am I supposed to remember it all in time for exams? The answer is simple—you don’t have to remember all of it, just think of the key parts.

1 Keep track of key lecture points To the untrained ear, separating the important information from the less important during a lecture can be a hard task. Most times, there are two ways a professor will present this key information. The first is by addressing the point and following it up with an explanation. The second is by starting with the explanation and concluding with the point. If you listen to the lecture from this perspective—knowing it’s a series of frontal points, explanations, and concluding points—it’ll help you better organize your notes. 2 Don’t read everything

Words Megan Santos // Image TongRo Images

5 TIPS FOR STUDYING DURING EXAM SEASON

THE FRONT PAGES

To conclude today’s lecture, your professor just asked you to read seven chapters in your textbook in time for tomorrow’s lecture. That’s a total of 60 pages—yeah, right. But did you know you can get it done along with written notes, in just a couple of hours? Much like lectures, chapters in a textbook are broken down into a series of points, explanations, and conclusions—exclusively in that order. The trick is you only really need to read the titles, subtitles, and conclusions to get the gist of a chapter. 3 Keep your notes organized Once you’ve identified a point the professor has made, number it and write a brief sentence or two explaining what it is. Below that, write another short note on the most interesting information presented in the explanation. Keeping your points and explanations numbered will help give your notes order that closely match the timeline of the lecture. You can also do the same when taking notes from a chapter in a textbook. 4 Plan to study before bed I always wake up thinking about the things that ran through my mind before I went to bed. I find my brain retaining the information I take in right before getting some good sleep (and I don’t mean the 2 a.m. study cram).

5 Rewrite your notes Chances are the first time you write your notes they’ll be chicken scratch since you’re trying to keep up with the lecture presented in front of you. Rewriting your notes refreshes your mind of the lecture and also helps to make your points much clearer. Try rewriting your notes a few times—doing this really helped me remember the small, important details like dates, times, and other key information.

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

Sleeping well is essential to strong academic performance, especially close to exams. So ensure you get solid studying time followed by a good night’s rest.

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PURSUE YOUR PASSION with

Lakehead University’s

FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES! We offer a variety of

GRADUATE DEGREES

in the following Faculties • • • •

Business Education Engineering Health and Behavioural Sciences • Natural Resources Management • Science and Environmental Studies • Social Sciences and Humanities

graduatestudies.lakeheadu.ca

facebook.com/LakeheadGradStudies twitter.com/LakeheadGrad instagram.com/LakeheadGraduateStudies


GRAD SCHOOL | TIPS AND TRICKS

PREP & ADVICE

­­­­­— GEARING UP FOR GRAD SCHOOL —

PREP & ADVICE Should I? Or shouldn’t I? Deciding whether or not to give grad school the nod is awfully challenging. There are many factors to consider: time, commitment, family, and money. But grad school can also be a valuable experience, and could put you way ahead of the pack. We come along with you as you make your decision, and offer some expert tips along the way!

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE 09


Now, I’m ready for anything. Kelly, Graphic Design Grad

Changing Opportunities

GAIN PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE. GET INSPIRED. BE CAREER READY.

Our accelerated programs mean more than adding another credential to your resumé. It’s the opportunity to expand your knowledge, be inspired, and gain a career-focused specialization in your chosen field. Discover Graduate Certificates with a purpose.

algonquincollege.com/change algonquincollege.com/gradcerts


GRADE SCHOOL | LIVING OFF-CAMPUS

PREP & ADVICE

If you choose to opt out of living on residence, being a first-time home renter can be pricey and complicated.

For the years spent in college or university, the post-secondary campus is often viewed as the “home away from home.” As a student, you spend hours of your time per week sitting in lectures, collaborating on group assignments, studying in school libraries, and finding time in between for part-time jobs. For those who choose to flock the nest and relocate to a more convenient location near campus, the transition is pretty complex—especially considering you’re a newbie at living solo. Living away from home may have “freedom” written all over it, but it’s a lot more work than finding an affordable place to live, signing a couple papers, and moving in.

Know your rights as a tenant Tenant legal rights typically outline regulations regarding rental increases, tenant privacy, breaking contracts, and residential issues. These rights vary depending on location, so it’s important (especially as a first-time renter) to be in the know and not allow landlords to take advantage of your inexperience. Searching and knowing your rights are important throughout the entire renting process—from the time you receive the tenant contract, and not just when an issue arises. Agree to house rules with roommates

Consider the walk score

No parties? Yeah, right.

If you’re living near campus, chances are you won’t be driving to school each day. And since you no longer share the same roof with mom and dad, you’ll ideally want to be within walking distance to as many amenities as possible.

It is important, however, to establish house rules if you choosing to bunk with other students.

Inspect before committing

This can effectively be achieved by collaboratively outlining a list of expectations and responsibilities, which are fair and ideal for all roommates. Consider things like delegating housekeeping, scheduling rent deadlines, and establishing guest accommodations. Don’t break the bank on home décor

The wonderful world of the web has made it a lot easier for house hunters to find prospective homes. But even though it may look good on on a computer monitor, it’s still crucial to visit before committing.

Let’s face it, your student budget can’t afford expensive furniture and 1,000 thread-count linens. Although living off-campus is a commitment, it’s still temporary enough that you won’t need to splurge on making your apartment look like a cut-out of a home magazine.

Especially if you’ll be making a long-distance move or living sans roommates, dedicate some time to tour different residences, meet landlords, inspect the home, and walk the neighbourhood.

Where it allows, pack up as much as you can from home, and budget to make small décor purchases from affordable retailers. You want to ensure you’ll be as comfortable as possible in your new home, but you don’t need to break the bank to do it.

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

A Walk Score assigns a rating between one and 100 to residential properties, based on how pedestrian-friendly it is to amenities within the city. The higher the score, the less time you’ll have to spend walking.

Words Megan Santos // Illustrations Anthony Capano

OFF-CAMPUS LIFE AT IT’S FULLEST

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VANCOUVER’S

MASTER OF DIGITAL MEDIA PROGRAM

Our graduates are today’s

leaders in digital media Industry-Focused Master’s Degree

Professionals in the industry engage with you as mentors, consultants and guest speakers. Students spend 2 semesters working on real-world industry-supported projects.

Graduate from 4 Major Canadian Universities

Accredited and awarded by UBC, SFU, BCIT and Emily Carr University. Receive a combined Master’s degree bearing the seal of all 4 partner institutions.

Competitive Scholarship Opportunities

+50% of incoming students for September 2015 received a scholarship or other financial assistance.

a collaboration between

learn more

thecdm.ca

DISCOVER THE iSCHOOL People. Information. Technology. They intersect at the University of Toronto iSchool. MASTER OF INFORMATION

MASTER OF MUSEUM STUDIES

Master of Information Concentrations: Archives & Records Management | Critical Information Policy Studies Culture & Technology | Information Systems & Design Knowledge Management & Information Management User Experience Design | Library & Information Science + Executive, Thesis & Co-op Options

Learn more at ischool.utoronto.ca


SCHOOL FAIRS | THEY CAN HELP

PREP & ADVICE

Get all the information you need to make the smartest decision for post-grad. Attending a grad school fair can help.

As summer wraps up and makes way for fall, there’s one thing that crosses every student’s mind: the start of a brand new school year. But this September, your thought process shifts. It’s your graduating year, and it’s now less about worrying what to wear for frosh week and more about figuring out your plan after the caps and gowns are tucked away. Anyone you know with post-secondary school behind them can tell you that the final year goes by the fastest. While you can expect to be busy with internships, thesis papers, and cumulative projects, somewhere in the middle of it all, you’ll also be determining where you will be a year from now. Some of your peers will launch their careers, while others will travel. But you, on the other hand, have your sights somewhere else: grad school. Resources at your fingertips

Most grad fairs take place in the early months of the school year. If you have an idea of the type of program you’re interested in—be it a master in education or an MBA— an online search can lead you to upcoming events. Many Canadian colleges and universities provide information on fairs they’re expected to attend, and also a rundown of the

programs they offer. Your school can also offer information on upcoming grad fairs, so keep your eyes peeled for posters and emails. If you’re looking to go international, studying abroad is largely promoted in Canada. StudyandGoAbroad.com is the country’s “largest international university and student travel expo” showcasing everything from undergraduate, graduate, exchange, and gap-year opportunities here in Canada and abroad. With exhibits across the country in early October, you’ll have the chance to learn more about your options, and ultimately make wise grad school decisions. Navigating a fair

These exhibits aren’t merely meant for you to collect program pamphlets and stand in the background. The schools attending fairs usually send representatives from their grad programs to talk to students about studying options, answer questions, and offer advice. As you attend these fairs, be prepared to ask questions of your own. This would be an opportune time to ask representatives about each school’s admissions process, tuition, and student life. You’re ultimately trying to determine which school and program will be the best fit for you academically, financially, and personally. This is your chance to network with the professionals and program heads to make the most informed decision for the next step in your academic career. Use them to your advantage!

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

You don’t have to make the decision alone. Post-secondary schools across Canada organize grad school fairs every year to attract new, wide-eyed students to their programs. Whether you want to study in the country or abroad, grad fairs are and within reach and they’re there to help. You just have to do your part in researching and marking the dates down in your calendars.

Words Megan Santos // Illustrations Anthony Capano

NETWORK YOUR WAY TO GRAD SCHOOL

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LAUNCH YOUR CAREER with a Schulich Masters Degree Learn how Schulich’s 12-month Masters programs provide you with the credentials you need for the career you want. Master of Accounting (MAcc)

Master of Management (MMgt)

The CPA-accredited MAcc enables students to write the CFE upon graduation and positions graduates for a challenging career in accounting.

Designed to prepare high-achieving graduates from non-business academic backgrounds for rewarding management employment.

Master of Business Analytics (MBAN)

Master of Real Estate & Infrastructure (MREI)

With 100% job placement of graduates and SAS certification, the Schulich MBAN helps you become an expert in the booming field of Big Data.

Build your career on a solid foundation with a program designed to provide students with long-term career success in real estate and infrastructure.

Master of Finance (MF)

For more information contact:

Gain access to a career in Investment Banking or Risk Management and cover a significant portion of the CFA body of knowledge.

admissions@schulich.yorku.ca (416) 736-5060

Canada’s Top-Ranked Business School Schulich MBA: #1 IN CANADA (The Economist, Forbes, CNN Expansión, América Economía, eFinancialCareers.com) #1 IN THE WORLD (Corporate Knights) Kellogg-Schulich Executive MBA: #1 IN CANADA (Financial Times, The Economist)

Global Reach. Innovative Programs. Diverse Perspectives.


FINANCIAL LITERACY | DEFINING ITS VALUE

PREP & ADVICE

Money is hard to come by as a student. Learn how to be in-the-know with where your money is going.

Financial literacy has long been a topic of conversation in Canada. While there’s been a push to include financial literacy classes in public schools, post-secondary students still receive little financial education while, ironically, going into thousands of dollars in student debt. As a result, more post-secondary students are taking financial education into their own hands. Here are four reasons to move financial literacy atop your list. Budget for a fixed income If you’re like most Canadian post-secondary students, you’ve applied for student loans to cover some or all of your tuition and living expenses in school. As a student loan holder, you’ve likely run out of money before you reached the end of your term at least once in your academic career

Add up your monthly expenses and the number you end up with is the minimum amount of money you need to allocate from your student loans each month. Once you receive your student loan instalment, you’ll be able to calculate, using your budget, whether you’ll have enough money to cover your whole semester of school. Consider saving the leftover money to cover future terms when your student loans might not be as plentiful. If you don’t have enough money to cover the whole semester, now you know in advance. You can find alternative sources of income including scholarships, grants, bursaries, a part-time job, or the funds of mom and dad.

Understand student loans For many young people, student loans represent the largest debt they’ll take on for many years, yet shockingly few students know the extent of their debt, their interest rate, or even what their monthly payments will look like after graduation. If you’re an average student in Canada, you’ll graduate with $28,000 in student loan debt. While student loan payments may seem very far down the road, it’s important to have a clear understanding of how your payments will affect your life post-graduation. Build savings for retirement When applied to investing, the magic of compound interest is the strongest when you have an extended timeframe. You can think of compound interest as an “interest on interest,” meaning your savings will be growing at a much faster rate. You can start out by putting money in a high-interest savings account or a GIC. Or you can take on additional risk and invest in a balanced mutual fund. However, the more risk you take the greater the potential for higher returns as well as losses. Despite the risks, stocks should be in your portfolio. Financial literacy affects everything As a student, it’s important to be financial literate because money permeates almost every decision you’ll make in life. Whether you’re picking your major, choosing between paid and unpaid summer internships, deciding to live with roommates or alone, or applying for your first credit card, the more you know about your money and how to manage it, the more comfortable you’ll be.

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

Learning how to track your spending will teach you how to effectively budget for the semester and help you stop the feastand-famine cycle.

Words Craig Sebastiano // Illustrations Anthony Capano

FINANCIAL LITERACY FOR STUDENTS

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EXPERIENCE. GRAD STUDIES. COME TO BROCK. At Brock University, the transdisciplinary nature of our graduate programs creates outstanding experiential opportunities for our graduate students. Dedicated researchers, award-winning faculty, and outstanding facilities combine to provide an exceptional experience during the pursuit of your Brock graduate degree, all within the unique setting of Ontario’s beautiful Niagara region. Take your next step at Brock.

Find out more about the Brock Graduate experience at

BrockU.ca/NextStep

1/2 page horizontal / 7.125 x 4.75 inches / Canadian Grad School Planning Guide / August 5, 2016

Earn an Ivy League Master’s Degree in Public Administration at Cornell Cornell University is centrally located in New York State, less than a 5 hour drive from Toronto, Ottawa or New York City. Our dynamic MPA program offers numerous experiential opportunities as well as a broad range of concentrations: • economics & financial policy • environmental policy • government, politics & policy studies • international development studies

Go online and learn more today: www.cipa.cornell.edu

• public & nonprofit management

Or call us at: (607) 255-8018

• science, technology & infrastructure policy

Cornell Institute for Public Affairs, 294 Caldwell Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853

• human rights & social justice

• social policy Diana Zeng, Cornell MPA 2016 (Queens University, BS 2014) Policy Analyst • Advanced Policy Analyst Program Government of Canada • Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Cornell University Photography © 2016

Take courses that tackle real world, international policy challenges. Spend a semester studying in New York City or Washington, DC, or at one of our international sites in Italy, Nepal, or India.

Cornell Institute for Public Affairs


PLANNING AHEAD | LOOKING INSIDE

PREP & ADVICE

Words Midfa Chowdhury // Illustrations Anthony Capano

IS GRAD SCHOOL RIGHT FOR YOU?

What you should consider before committing to grad school.

Making the decision to head to grad school is easier for some than it is for others. Finding the answer requires soul searching and an assessment of your overall situation. If you’re on the fence when it comes to grad school, we hope this will help you make a decision. Mark Simpson, co-ordinator of the Business Administration program at the George Brown College, School of Management, says that it all begins with questioning your motivation behind going to grad school in the first place. He suggests each student considering more education to ask yourself: “Why do you want to do this?”

Next, it’s best to analyze your credentials. “Usually a person considers grad school because of credentials or because it’s going to advance you in your career in some way,” says Simpson, adding students may find their recently completed degrees or diplomas as insufficient to effectively advance in their careers. “You might find the degree to be very general, or from a college background that you did not really specify in,” he says. The purpose of grad school is to lend you more knowledge to continue to transition into a career in the field. In addition, it helps to enhance your overall educational background and resumé.

Once you have figured these two points, it’s time to execute. Find a grad school program that’s the right fit for you but, at the same time, one that will work with your current schedule—whether you’re already starting your career or starting a family. For instance, some grad school programs are primarily taught online, so it can help you from worrying about additional costs for transportation, housing, and food. You can complete the course quickly from the comfort of your own home. (Just remember you’ll need lots of self-discipline!) Simpson even makes the parallel to use a program within George Brown College. “We have a data analytics program and it’s all online. This can even add to making school more convenient and affordable, considering that not a lot of time is being occupied.” Also, don’t forget that having strong character is important. “You definitely have to be motivated because it [requires] commitment,” says Simpson. He continues to remind that grad school is no simple task. If you make the decision to go ahead with grad school, be confident and resilient. You know at the end of the experience you’ll be rewarded with more knowledge to take your career further.

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

“People are coming in for all sorts of different reasons,” he says. “Everything from building upon what they already [have] to adding a specific specialization. Some might want to even change their field, like for getting into a sports management program.”

The priority goes to your motivation in order to determine why you would go to grad school altogether. Next ask yourself, “What can grad school add that will help complement what I know?”

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THE GAME PLAN | SUCCESS AFTER GRAD SCHOOL

SURVIVAL 101: GRAD SCHOOL EDITION School is a marathon, especially after your undergrad. Here’s to making it all the way to the end. There was no Good Witch of the North to guide you at the crossroads and there were no yellow bricks. Still, you held your head high and made your choice: follow the postgraduate road. Now while your undergrad classmates are working, earning money, and starting families, you’re up until morning clutching an espresso and a research paper. That’s okay. Everyone’s choices are different and you’ve decided to take the path that’s best for you. And now that you’ve chosen your road, you’ll be spending the next few years on it, so you’ll need to learn to cope with the bumps.

Know what you want Have a game plan for after graduation: receiving your master’s degree or PhD is fine and dandy, but closing your last textbook and finding yourself with zero insight into what you want to do is not going to get you far when it comes to finding that first, real, post-grad gig.

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | THE GRAD ISSUE 2015

Ben Rogul from Aon Hewitt says, “When I’m talking to new grads and I ask them what they’re looking for, I’d say nine out of ten times they don’t know.” He says when graduates come to him and list off the skills and qualities they have, that’s great. But, as a recruiter it’s frustrating. The key information he’s looking for is what the new graduate wants to do.

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Paul Smith, from the Canadian Association of Career Educators and Employers, agrees. “The first job doesn’t define the rest of your career. That’s why the most important thing for somebody who’s a new grad looking to make their way into the workforce is to know themselves, to take the time to understand what they’re actually looking for, where their interests are, where their strengths lie, and go forward from there. It’s the person who knows what they’re looking for who’s going to be successful.” Be well-versed in expectations

says Tays. “Overall, I was hoping it would be a very different experience from my undergrad career, and that turned out to be exactly the case.” You won’t necessarily live under a rock, but more focus on schoolwork equals less time for friends and family. Marilyn Rose, dean of Graduate Studies at Brock, says that “graduate programs expect their students to work hard and spend a great deal of time mastering the discipline they have chosen to study … students have to be prepared to have little time left over for idleness or play.” Jenny Phelps, assistant dean and director of Graduate Enrollment Services at the University of British Columbia, says students will have to deliver better quality work. “The expectations are higher here. Students are expected to be more connected with the faculty since there are less lectures here and course sizes are smaller.” Phelps continues, “The nature of the work at the graduate level is more focused. It’s somewhat more independent, and there’s more responsibility for [students] to choose their career paths. They become managers of their own learning experiences.” Get involved, volunteer, do something

Before you go, know what you’re dealing with. Review your program requirements and curriculum.

Graduate studies can mean more alone time for you and your work, but with some time management skills, you shouldn’t be alone all the time.

William Tays, a PhD student at Brock University, suspected his graduate education experience was going to be different from undergrad, but that’s what he wanted. “I assumed I would have more autonomy in my own work, which is a very welcome change to merely taking classes as an undergraduate,”

“We know that students can learn how to manage their time and thereby make sufficient time for socializing, exercising, and otherwise taking care of themselves, and we encourage this. We even offer workshops on time management and related skills,” Rose says.


PREP & ADVICE

Words Darlene Morales // Illustrations Anthony Capano

According to Phelps, socializing (or networking) can play an important role in your career. “Research shows the more engaged students are in their programs, the better their outcomes are—the better the connections and the more experience they’ll have.” Tays got involved by becoming a teaching assistant, joining the school senate, and helping out on several conferences and committees. “My regular grad work takes up a great deal of my time, but I’ve benefited from working outside my microcosm.” Take a chance and go abroad Consider going abroad from a semester to pursue your degree. In general, any experience travelling, studying, or working overseas—and being comfortable working in foreign environments—is always an attractive trait employers look for. Be open to breaking out of the nest!

Aside from eating some different food and maybe brushing up on a new language, studying abroad might also give you a different work-and-study-attitude that you can carry into your future career. Evan Malek, founder of Second Chance Travel, says that while many students want to kick their careers into high gear as soon as they graduate, it’s a good idea to consider slowing down. ”North America is a more driven culture—very competitive. There’s a lot of pressure on young people to get into high gear. But I think graduates can learn more from other

Keep an eye on the prize Grad school may require extra effort up front, but your effort will pay off in the end. “Survey research shows the higher the degree level you have, the higher your earnings are,” Phelps says. “This higher degree will even give you better job opportunities. And this credential really puts you at an advantage over other people who don’t have it.” Earnings aside, grad school also prepares you for the working world by teaching you discipline, says Demetres Tryphonopoulos, acting associate dean for the School of Graduate Studies at the University of New Brunswick. “Graduate students are not only better prepared for the marketplace, but they also possess the kind of independence and discipline that employers value.” The contacts you make can also help you land a job. “There’s no doubt that graduate studies offer many benefits in the area of social contacts that will pay off in the future,” Rose says. “Professors themselves are well-connected and can provide introductions or letters of reference—in fact it‘s part of their jobs to do so—for students who do well in their courses.” Grad students also learn professionalism, adds Tays. “I think grad school offers a considerable opportunity for personal and professional development. I’ve learned dedication, engagement, ambition, creativity, critical thinking, ingenuity, and professional citizenship.” So yellow brick road or not, there isn’t a tiny wizard making false promises at the end of your grad school journey. Instead, you’ll develop the genuine professionalism, contacts, and knowledge to help you achieve your career goals.

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

Many university programs let students pursue a course-based master’s and PhD in a number of partner institutions around the world. If you have this opportunity, jump on it. If you’re worried about the expense, consider teaching English parttime as you study: this approach lets you travel, exposes you to new cultures, and allows you to meet new people.

cultures and put more emphasis on adventure and exploration.”

19


How will you create change in the world? Ariana Cancelli Urban Development MPl alumna / Director and co-founder, The Laneway Project

Ariana Cancelli is transforming our city’s forgotten spaces into vibrant gathering places, one laneway at a time. Join her and Ryerson’s other intellectual explorers, creative leaders and dynamic changemakers. Shape your future and reshape our world with our innovative professional master’s diploma, master’s and PhD programs. How will graduate education transform you?

ryerson.ca/graduate


OPTIONS | WHAT’LL IT BE?

PROGRAMS

Illustrations Anthony Capano

If grad school’s next on your academic agenda, this one’s for you. There’s a plethora of options to choose from: maybe you want a graduate certificate to beef up your shot at employment, or perhaps you’re looking for something more—like a master’s or a PhD. Now all you’ve got to find is a program and a school (oh, and money for tuition). We share the many options, both near and across the pond.

Your guide to the MBAs Earning your MBA takes commitment, but it can lead to professional growth................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Page 23

International relations Attending graduate school overseas for international relations gives students an added edge........................................................................................................................................................................................... Page 25

Sun, sand, med school Taking your med school education in the Caribbean is a viable option for Canadian students............................................................................................................................................................................................. Page 27

The tooth doctor Handling a mouth mirror and explorer is much more complex than it looks!................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Page 29

Occupations in physical therapy are booming. Grad school in the field is a great way to get your career started..................................................................................................................................................... Page 31

Exercise your engineering options A master’s in engineering has many specializations. Which one will you chose?....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Page 33

The college fast track

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

A career that moves

If a master’s or PhD isn’t on the brain, a college graduate certificate is a great option.............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Page 35

21


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MBA | WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW

PROGRAMS

YOUR GUIDE TO THE MBAS

Do you have your sights on an MBA? Maybe you’re aiming to one day have the shiny title of VP or CEO, but before you dream too big of a dream it’s important to know how you’ll get there.

“We’re looking for someone who has some leadership ability, has done some extracurricular, and who has the potential to manage people,” says Shaw. “You have to have the ability to work with people and lead people.”

And the numbers in MBA enrolment has also increased. From 2008 to 2012, there was a seven per cent rise in Canadian students taking the required GMAT examination.

And as an Asper MBA alumna, Elliott advises that women be encouraged in pursuing an MBA education. “There’s a confidence that you personally get, but there’s some sort of confidence that the market has in you. From a female perspective, an MBA is just a fabulous asset for upward mobility for women in the marketplace.”

Weighing your options Before you jump into your postgrad, it’s important to first ask yourself some questions and weigh in whether an MBA is right for you. Develop a clear understanding of the role an MBA will play in your career, says Dan Shaw, director of the corporate residency MBA program at Dalhousie University. “That doesn’t mean they have to know exactly what they want to do when they graduate, but ultimately you go into an MBA because of the quality of the people that are in that classroom and the quality of employment opportunities that result from it.”

“It’s a commitment and it’s demanding,” says Marci Elliott, executive director of the program. “I think there needs to be a clear understanding of the time commitment, and so that also means that your family and friends need to understand that commitment.” Determining next steps You’ve gone back and forth with the possibilities and all signs point to yes. Now it’s time to apply. In addition to the requirement of two years of work experience, students must also prepare to write their GMAT and maintain a high GPA.

He further advises applicants to prepare for a different style of learning. Traditional undergraduate programs use conventional professor-led lecturing styles; MBA programs integrate technology into the learning process. Dubey has observed how video conferencing has produced a paradigm shift in learning. Rather than facing the instructor, students face each other. They read each other’s facial expressions and body language. As a result, networking has become stronger with video conferencing because it encourages people to connect in a different way. What are the trends? As with any postgraduate program, you can expect a demanding course load which balances both settings in class and in the workplace. “The first six months of the program is very much focused on career development and personal development,” says Shaw, where students are tested on their personality type, emotional intelligence, interest and aptitude. “Near the end of the summer, we send out a big resumé book to our employers and our interview day is structured in two days,” he adds, speaking of the co-op term, a time that employers look forward to. “Our students pitch a one-minute value proposition pitch about why they should be hired—this pushes beyond the resumé.”

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

An MBA is like taking on another job. And with the minimum of two years of work experience required at the University of Manitoba’s Asper School of Business MBA program, students have to be able to handle work and school.

Words Brandon Miller

Earning your MBA takes commitment, but it can lead to professional growth.

23


Center: Emily Tommolino, MD ‘13 Internal Medicine, Providence Hospital; BS Chemistry, Wayne State University, ‘07

CARING. COLLABORATIVE. COMMUNITY. We believe the best medical school is the one that empowers you to be your best. The journey to become a successful physician isn’t the same for everyone. At American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine (AUC), we foster a collaborative community full of unique individuals who take charge of their own future. We believe the best medical school is the one that empowers you to be your best. We can get you there. Find out how.

Tell us about yourself and find out instantly if the next step of your journey to becoming an MD starts at AUC:

aucmed.edu/GetAnswers Stay up to date on AUC news & admissions events:

AUCMED ©2016 American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine. All rights reserved.


STUDYING ABROAD | HEADED TO AUSTRALIA

PROGRAMS

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Australia is quickly becoming a popular destination for international students to complete their studies due to its rich cultural diversity, the friendliness of its citizens, and the quality of education available.

United Nations, as well as various other organizations, both government and non-government.

There are a number of undergraduates and graduate universities that are world-renowned.

Since part of the program is international relations, there are so many benefits students can get out of studying it internationally.

Bond University, Australia’s only private, not-for-profit university, has been rated as number one in Australia for student experience. The university, located in the scenic Gold Coast, is a hotspot for international students. “We’re quite a small institution, it’s only about 4,000 students but almost 50 per cent of those students are international,” says Stuart Floyd, the international regional manager at Bond University. “We have about 80 different countries represented.” The program

For international relations, students can either specialize in one area or take it very general. Some of the areas the program covers are global governance, international politics, and diplomacy and development. Project management courses focuses a lot more on general project management and students will learn how to create and map out a project, how to manage a team, and how to work with different organizations. There are internships and graduate placements as part of the program to help students get a career in international business. Students have the opportunity to connect with organizations such as AusTrade, the Australian Trade Commission, and the

The benefits of going international

“They’ll be in a very international classroom, so they’ll be exposed to different nationalities, points of views, and backgrounds,” explains Floyd. Also, by living in Australia, they’ll be able to immerse themselves in a different culture so they’re not stuck in a certain lifestyle. It also helps them deal with things like living overseas “You’re experiencing a different culture, and at the same time learning about how to deal with cultures and how to deal with politics and different regions of the world, so it really heightens and adds to your experience,” says Floyd. How to apply If Canadian students want to apply, they have two options. They can either apply directly through the university through an online application form. Floyd, who is based full-time in Toronto, also liaises with the students and helps them with their application and other aspects of their enrolment into Bond University. Students can also apply through a number of third-party agencies that represent the university in Canada, such as College Down Under, KOM Consultants, and International Studies Abroad. When students apply, they have to provide their undergraduate transcripts, a resumé, a written personal statement, and a couple of reference letters.

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

One of the many graduate programs offered at Bond University is the combined master’s degree in International Relations and Project Management

Words Jana Gregorio

Attending graduate school overseas for international relations gives students an added edge.

25


MED SCHOOL | STUDYING IN THE TROPICS

PROGRAMS

Taking your med school education in the Caribbean is a viable option for Canadian students.

Any aspiring doctor in Canada knows how competitive it is to get into med school. With a long list of course prerequisites and credit hours—on top of the minimal intake in North American schools—many Canadians are turning to post-graduate schools in the Caribbean to pursue their doctoral dreams.

Similar to AUIS, the medical curriculum at St. George’s University is a four-year program, with both onsite learning in Grenada and clinical training in North America. What’s also unique about the program is its studying opportunities in Newcastle, England.

Sunny St. Maarten

“That program averages about 100 students per semester—out of that 100, 50–60 per cent is Canadian,” says Bob Ryan, associate dean of Enrolment Planning at St. George’s University.

“What we offer is a four-year MD program,” says Dr. Renu Agnihotri, president of the American University of Integrative Sciences, St. Maarten School of Medicine (AUIS). “It is divided into two years of basic sciences and two years of clinical sciences.” The program also has a huge North American presence. “Interestingly enough, about half of our students are Canadian,” says Dr. Agnihotri, adding that most students hear about the school through AUIS’s recruiters and website, referrals from peers, and word-of-mouth. While most med schools in North America have classes of 200– 300 students, AUIS strives to maintain much smaller classes with no more than 16 students. The smaller class sizes create an appeal for Canadians choosing to study in the Caribbean. “What we’re striving to be is the Harvard of boutique medical schools in the Caribbean,” says Milo Pinckney, managing director at AUIS. “Our bottom line is that students travelling abroad to medical school becomes qualified candidates for a US or Canadian residency match, and that’s what we’re doing.” Grad school in Grenada Just because you play recreational basketball every Thursday night and you’re president of your school’s student group, doesn’t mean you can’t get into med school. In fact, it’s applauded. “We consider academic and non-academic qualities on an equal footing at UBC in terms of an application for medicine,” says Dr. Fleming. “If an applicant comes to us and they’ve done something exceptional in terms of a level of performance in regards to the arts or athletics, we value that as well.”

Words Megan Santos

SUN, SAND, MED SCHOOL

“They like the idea of studying in England; they like the idea of further exposing themselves to another country’s method of teaching and practicing medicine.” And as medicine becomes more global, more Canadian students are finding themselves in classrooms outside North America. “With the mobility of the population and being able to travel from one end of the world to the other in one day, it really makes having that global medicine background beneficial,” says Ryan. Naturally, North American students would be drawn to attending a school closer to home had they been accepted. But Ryan notes that this past year a number of students declined their seats at their local colleges and universities to study abroad at St. George’s. The university is currently working on bringing more clinical opportunities to Canada. So far, St. George’s Canadian placements are only for electives—when students specialize in the medical field—which happens in the fourth year of the program. Although implementing the clinical portion of the program to Canada is still a work-in-progress, St. George’s continues to promote the university to the Canadian market through transit and radio ads, as well as information sessions. “Our biggest attraction is word of mouth. If students go in to see a doctor or are volunteering at a hospital, maybe the doctor is a St. George’s grad,” says Ryan. “I can stand in front of an audience and rattle off every stat, but if a graduate follows me you can see the students sitting at the edge of their seats. We really use our alumni extensively.”

27


“You would never get the amount of exposure to so many different medical scenarios and cultures if you were at any other school. You wouldn’t even get that at a Canadian school.” RACHELLE KRAUSE, MD ’14 Internal Medicine Resident University of Toronto

THE POWER OF

OPPORTUNITY Rachelle Krause—of Courtice, Ontario—wanted a career where she’d be able to change people’s lives for the better. She chose Ross University School of Medicine for that opportunity. Rachelle emerged from Ross as a fighter, someone trained to work hard for her own success. She competed against hundreds to earn an internal medicine residency—her goal from the very beginning—at University of Toronto, close to home. That’s the power of opportunity.

Read Rachelle’s story at: rossu.edu/Rachelle

For comprehensive consumer information, visit www.RossU.edu/med-student-consumer-info. ©2016 Ross University School of Medicine. All rights reserved.


DENTISTRY | BECOMING A SURGEON

PROGRAMS

THE TOOTH DOCTOR

A vital part of our overall health is those pearly whites inside of our mouths. While we regularly visit our family doctor for check-ups, prescriptions, or consultations, paying a semi-annual visit to our dentist is just as important. Dentists play a huge role in maintaining the health of the public, but it takes a special type of person to flourish in the field. According to the Canadian Dental Association, prior to making the leap into dentistry, you should ask yourself a series of questions. For instance, do I enjoying interacting with and helping people? Would I enjoy self-employment? Do I have a strong memory, interest, and ability in science? If you nodded “yes” to all of the above, then dentistry could be your match. Getting into dental school

“They also have to take the dental aptitude test, which is a national test run by the Canadian Dental Association,” says Dr. Ferne Kraglund, assistant dean for student affairs at the Faculty of Dentistry. “They test a variety of tools such as reading comprehension and basic science. There’s also a cognitive component, like perception ability and carving ability because we work with our hands.” It’s a competitive admissions process, but students who do get accepted have the opportunity to enjoy the small class size—

first year classes have 38 students. “It’s nice because everyone gets to know everyone, and that also includes your classmates and professors,” says Dr. Kraglund. “You’re not merely a number like you are in your undergraduate classes where there may be hundreds of people.” A different approach to learning At Dalhousie’s Doctor of Dental Surgery program, classes are very clinical-orientated. In their first year, students take on didactic courses and pre-clinicals. As they progress through the program, didactics decrease and students being the clinical portion. “What students have said that they like about the program is that we start the clinical portion very early. Our students get a drill in their hands in the very first week of school,” explains Dr. Kraglund. “They really get to build their confidence and competence early on to get regular and early contact with patients.” The program readies students to start practicing in Canada immediately after graduation, given they come from an accredited school, like Dalhousie, and they pass the national board exam. According to Dr. Kraglund, a majority of her students have gone into private practice. Since buying a practice right after school is rare, most students aim to become partners. “A lot of them tend to go out and be partners or associates into a practice so that [they] are essentially like an independent contractor for a dentist that’s already established.” And once these grads establish rapport and experience working in the field, they can eventually transform these relationships into partnerships or buy-ins with a practice.

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

Similar to the admissions process for any other graduate program, dentistry is no different. For the Doctor of Dental Surgery program at Dalhousie University’s Faculty of Dentistry, students are required to have 60 credit hours and basic knowledge in fields like microbiology, physiology, and biochemistry.

Words Megan Santos

Handling a mouth mirror and explorer is much more complex than it looks. Going to dental school will get you ready for the field.

29


Dedicated to: • Academic Excellence • Quality Patient Care • Professional Leadership Degree Programs include: • Doctor of Chiropractic • Master of Science in Acupuncture • Master of Science in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine • Master of Science in Applied Clinical Nutrition (online delivery) • Master of Science in Human Anatomy & Physiology Instruction (online delivery)

Academic Excellence. Professional Success.

Call

1.800.234.6922 or visit nycc.edu.

2360 ROUTE 89 • SENECA FALLS, NY 13148

EXPERIENCE. GRAD STUDIES. COME TO BROCK. At Brock University, the transdisciplinary nature of our graduate programs creates outstanding experiential opportunities for our graduate students. Dedicated researchers, award-winning faculty, and outstanding facilities combine to provide an exceptional experience during the pursuit of your Brock graduate degree, all within the unique setting of Ontario’s beautiful Niagara region. Take your next step at Brock.

Find out more about the Brock Graduate experience at

BrockU.ca/NextStep


PHYSICAL THERAPY | THE MOVEMENT

PROGRAMS

Occupations in physical therapy are booming. Grad school in the field is a great way to get your career started.

The health care industry in Canada is now seeing the rise of a profession that is assisting many in bouncing back from tough medical situations. This growing profession is physical therapy. Physical therapy is the art of treating everything from injuries to diseases by using medical methods such as massages, heat, and physical exercise while avoiding the use of drugs or surgery. Instead, it’s primarily made up of the use of natural remedies. A unqiue and in-demand field

“The number of seniors are increasing along with a younger generation that believes in green medical solutions,” says Allan McDonald, professor at The University of Toronto’s Physical Therapy program. “It is of interest to many graduates as the industry is rising with age of those who need the help. Wages in this sector of health care are rising, as well as the demand for physical therapy increases. This is the perfect time to join physical therapy. I would recommend it.” It takes a special person to consider a graduate school program in physical therapy. Graduate programs in the field require you

to have a unique balance between a passion for science and a passion for people. It cannot be stressed enough how important the human element is in this industry. Physical therapy is all about connecting on a deeper level with all clients and customers who come in. The difference you make On any given day, you might deal with a single mother of two or you may even have to work with young children. It is never a dull day in physio while it is equally important to remember that every client is unique in their own way. Naturally, no two cases are ever the same. You must be a people person to a certain extent. You will find that patients will open up to you and find a safe zone in you. Physiotherapy can be equally mentally and physically relieving for the patient. Now mix your love for working with people in with a love for the human anatomy and you will be destined for success. Physical therapy is a well rounded modern day form of human medicine. But the difference is, no invasive medication is required—just all physical movement. If you can get this across to your patient, then you have more than ensured that the client can recover and bounce back. “You have to be energetic, innovative, and flexible and carry a strong love for human science,” says McDonald. If you have a love for the science behind the human anatomy, then physical therapy is just right for you.

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

The occupation is on the rise and it will see major growth in the next 10 years. The industry is revolutionizing health care with its never-before-seen methods of exercise. It is a unique practice that is relatively young. This would be the perfect time to strike and get into a profession that has greater earning potential than average.

Words Midfa Chowdhury

A CAREER THAT MOVES

31


Welcome to Carleton’s Research-Intensive

Faculty of Engineering and Design Carleton University’s research-intensive Faculty of Engineering and Design is recognized as a leader within Canada and beyond. Enhance your education and prepare yourself for a rewarding career in a high demand field by enrolling in one of Carleton’s highly regarded graduate programs in engineering and design. We provide hands-on education with real-world application. Graduate students in our programs are granted access to world-class, industry-sponsored facilities, including state-of-the-art wind tunnels and strong floors, microchip fabrication facilities and the latest in laboratories and advanced computer and networking platforms. Our exceptional location in the national capital, combined with our strong reputation in cutting-edge research, has led to well-established partnerships with industry and collaboration with government departments and agencies. Discover our broad range of graduate programs in electrical and computer engineering, mechanical and aerospace engineering, civil and environmental engineering, architecture, design, and information technology and learn from expert professors who are renowned in their fields and engaged in research on both the national and international stage. For a complete list of programs, visit carleton.ca/engineering-design/graduate FACULTY OF

* Most graduate programs are offered through Ottawa-Carleton joint institutes.

Engineering and Design


ENGINEERING | FROM ELECTRICAL TO CREATIVE

PROGRAMS

EXERCISE YOUR ENGINEERING OPTIONS

Engineering is a big field when it comes to specialization. Should I pursue mechanical, civil, electric, or chemical? Should I begin my job search or acquire higher education? These are all valid questions for an engineering hopeful. With so many choices, where will you go? Electrical and computer engineering “It’s just perfect for students who want to be in a specific area of technology, and at the same time don’t want to be bogged down by the parameters of the program like a master of science,” says Shahram Yousefi, associate head of the department of electrical and computer engineering (ECE) at Queen’s University.

“We emphasize a lot these days the importance of doing the industrial or internship because these ones in particular also build a connection,” he explains. “There’s something that’s added to the resumé that shows a bit of relevance to the industry.” And upon graduation, students have successfully been able to attain jobs, with many ECE career hotspots in the Ottawa and Toronto area. “A fraction of the students are coming from overseas and go back and they’re equally successful where they come from and some do stay in Canada. The absorption into the industry has been quite good.”

Creative engineering Working in engineering design is a job that requires equal parts of creativity and leadership. Vladimir Mahalec, director for McMaster University’s Centre for Engineering, describes the master’s in engineering design program as an opportunity for students to specialize in three fields: product design, sustainable community infrastructure, and process and production systems. “Typically they either end up with a design or a prototype,” he says, adding that students develop “design thinking,” which is identifying the root of the problem and creating alternatives. “If you look at our program, about half of our classes are focused on development of early design thinking, leadership skills, and project management,” he explains, while the other half is solely dedicated to technical skills. Coming from multiple bachelor’s engineering disciplines, Mahalec says the interdisciplinary backgrounds prepare students for the workplace where their colleagues will likely come from different specializations. “It’s really great because it allows us to put together interdisciplinary teams who can then work jointly on solving problems.” Master’s students roughly have a $15,000 salary advantage over bachelor’s graduates, but job acquisition is very much reliant on whether students are willing to move out of their comfort zones. “The jobs are scattered all across Canada and if they are focused on only staying here because they want to be next to mom and dad, this is a serious constraint,” explains Mahalec. “Think clearly about why you want to enrol in a master’s program, and the competencies you want to attain or enhance. Then we can work together to ensure that this is possible and that they can deliver what their goals are.”

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

With the master of engineering’s handful of specializations, students in electric and computer engineering have the chance to partake in internships or industry collaborations. Students have the option to work on a four-month project with either a faculty member or industry partner to gain more hands-on experience in the field.

Words Megan Santos

A master’s in engineering has many specializations. Which one will you chose?

33


GRADUATE STUDIES AT UWINDSOR

We offer: • more than 60 professional and research-based masters and PhD programs • Outstanding faculty and facilities • Competitive funding • A unique location with opportunities for international educational partnerships, and major cultural and sporting events Our supportive community of researchers and scholars allows students to make important contributions through their research and professional development.

Come join us at the University of Windsor. We look forward to meeting you! Find out more at: gradst@uwindsor.ca 519-253-3000, ext. 2109 Apply online: www.uwindsor.ca/gradapp gradadmit@uwindsor.ca www.uwindsor.ca/graduate

BE CAREER-READY QUICK! Use your diploma or degree to gain specialized skills and knowledge with one of the following one-year graduate certificate programs: NEW! Addictions and Mental Health NEW! Therapeutic Recreation Autism and Behavioural Science Communicative Disorders Assistant Health Care Administration Interactive Marketing Communications Logistics and Supply Chain Management Learn more at

www.stlawrencecollege.ca

#experienceslc


LESS THEORY | MORE PRACTICALITY

PROGRAMS

THE COLLEGE FAST TRACK

With a degree or diploma under your academic belt, deciding whether grad school is right for you can be a lengthy process. With a number of graduate certificate and fast-track programs to choose from, Durham College offers graduate students the chance to advance their careers. The program typically takes eight months to one year to complete and, according to Louise Stiles, the career services outreach coordinator at Durham College, “is much less expensive than pursuing a master’s degree, and they can be viewed by employers as very focused in regards to employment.” Specialize in your expertise

“Businesses are looking for social media gurus who can harness the power of social media by listening to customers, publishing engaging content, and advertising to reach new audiences,” says Shah. “It is taught by faculty who also work in the industry, so what students learn is current and relevant.” Understand future advantages A graduate certificate can offer more than just another piece of academic achievement. It can also present long-term career benefits, like higher salaries. “In general, six months after graduation, Seneca students who

complete a graduate certificate earn an annual salary of about $6,300 more than those who complete a two-year diploma,” says Shah. With a certificate, students are able to enhance their industry skills and meet the licensing requirements of a given occupation. Similarly, Glenn Vollebregt, President and CEO, St. Lawrence College, says that, “The effort required to earn a graduate certificate is rewarded with many long-term career benefits. Our graduates gain specialized skills that will set them apart in today’s competitive workplace.” It’s important to note that many current grad certificate students are already well into their careers. Returning to school, their goals are to simply add fresh skills to their repertoire or previous education. Make the final call Deciding on whether or not to pursue a graduate certificate requires careful consideration. Vollebregt explains, “These programs include an intensive workload with active learning and field placements. They are also typically delivered in 12 months. Prospective students must consider how they will fit the demanding course load, along with homework, into their already busy days. Family responsibilities and financial obligations will also require thorough planning to alleviate added stress throughout the school year.” Ultimately, it’s up to you to determine what you like to do and where you’d like to be. Jobs in high demand fields are highly competitive, so you want to think about what you can bring to the table that differentiates you from other job applicants. These graduate certificates help you stand out from the crowd and bring options to your career.

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

The social media program at Seneca College was introduced in 2013 and is a full-time graduate certificate offered only two days a week allowing students to balance work, responsibilities, and school. Students enrolled in the program have diverse post-secondary backgrounds from marketing, finance, sociology, music, to political science, all with the common goal of specializing in this new career field, says program coordinator Bhupesh Shah.

Words Megan Santos

If a master’s or PhD isn’t on the brain, a college graduate certificate is a great option.

35


Go from dreaming the American dream to living it. Studying south of the border offers many opportunities to take your education (and future career) up a notch.

Yale

Princeton

Caltech

Stanford

Harvard

MIT

Words Maya Hamovitch, Megan Santos // Images Feverpitched, Robert Hyrons, One Inch Punch

STUDYING IN THE USA!

SIX U.S. SCHOOL’S MAKE TOP TEN IN UNIVERSY RANKINGS

Paperwork? Check!

U.S. law school

Transitioning to a school in the U.S. isn’t as simple as at home. Ensure you have the proper documentation. Page 41

It’s competitive to get in, but the payoff is worthwhile—especially if you’re hoping to practice back home. Page 43

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

All about U.S. grad school Learn everything from the quality of education, the future employment edge, and the social scene. Page 39

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EARN A HIGH-QUALITY, AFFORDABLE MEDICAL DEGREE.

Some offshore medical schools treat you like a number. At UMHS, you’ll receive individual attention from skilled, credentialed educators in technologically advanced facilities. Take, alumna Dr. Lara Gizzi, who is now a Family Medicine resident at the University of Ottawa. Her rigorous training prepared her for the Medical Council of Canada exams. At UMHS, your success comes first. Our results confirm it.

93%

USMLE FIRST-TIME

PASS RATE AND AVERAGE USMLE SCORE OF

220

AFFILIATED WITH

20

+

TEACHING HOSPITALS IN THE US, CANADA,

FOR SEPTEMBER 2015.

AND PUERTO RICO.

ACCREDITED BY THE

GRADUATES HAVE EARNED

ACCREDITATION

RESIDENCIES ACROSS

COMMISSION OF COLLEGES

THE US AND CANADA.

OF MEDICINE (ACCM).

LEARN MORE umhs.org/grad US/Canada: 866.686.0380 admissions@umhs-sk.net St. Kitts, Caribbean

Download your step-by-step guide to starting medical school.


U.S. GRAD SCHOOL | OPTIONS

SPECIAL REPORT

STARS, STRIPES, AND GRAD SCHOOL The U.S. offers a plethora of academic opportunities. Take your grad school sights south of the border. Grad schools are waiting for you to step through their doors and if you do, you’ll become more prepared to meet today’s competitive job market. The question of where to study may be as important as what to study, and an American grad school may be a very sound choice. More than 723,000 international students from more than 200 countries around the world pursue a higher education in the U.S. each year. Of these, five per cent come from Canada.

Quality of education

Research funding is more available to American faculties than it is to Canadians, so you may be exposed to cutting edge research. At many U.S. schools, you’ll find the latest technology and specialized equipment. The director of Ivy Educational Systems, Dr. Alexander Castilla, says, “The American brand of higher education is linked

Programs galore The multitude of programs in the U.S. can be daunting but also encouraging; the sheer numbers make you more likely to find one tailored to your needs. “There are over 4,000 universities and colleges in the U.S. and this means there’s a wide range of options for students,” says Castilla. While Canadian universities have a limited number of programs in particular fields, the U.S. will undoubtedly have many more. Veterinary school, for example, has five programs in Canada and 28 in the U.S. If you want to do a master’s in real estate, you won’t find it in Canada. Instead, you’ll need to look south of the border at schools like NYU or Cornell.

Career benefits Many US programs have established affiliations with employers, enabling you to develop contacts in the field. Professors may belong to international research teams and, as their student, you

may also be able to connect with experts in your field of study. Erica Borchiver, a graduate of Western University studying dentistry at Nova Southeastern University, experienced this first-hand. “There are a few professors here with whom I’ve developed a student-mentor relationship, and I’m hopeful that their guidance will aid me in establishing a career when I move back to Toronto.”

A social experience Between the lectures, logbooks, and latenight lattes, social experiences are also important. In her experience, Borchiver felt a renewed energy: “Americans are very spirited. There is a certain energy that I didn’t see as much when I was attending school in Canada. Students are encouraged to be active whether it’s in the classroom or outside.” Choosing an American grad school can be an opportunity to gain valuable life experience. “Living in Florida has exposed me to a number of new experiences that have forced me to make my own decisions and carve my own path,” she says. “I’m dependent on myself to resolve the day-to-day issues I face, and grow as a person.”

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

American universities are some of the best in the world. Of the top 25 universities listed in The Times World University Rankings for 2011–2012, 18 are American. In addition to the usual Ivy League names, dozens of U.S. schools appear on the list of the world’s top 400 schools, and are widely known for their high-quality education.

with technological innovation, openness to people and ideas, and a commitment to academic excellence. These are perhaps the primary reasons why people from all over the world decide to study in the U.S.”

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Choose an industry that gives you more career options. Getting your career started out of school is an exciting time. But it can be scary, too. That’s why it’s good to know that whatever post secondary studies you chose, you’ll be able to use what you’ve learned in the insurance industry. It’s also good to know that more colleges and universities offer specific courses and programs that can prepare you for a career in insurance. The list of different jobs and different skills required is so broad in insurance that you’ll be able to identify a specialty that intrigues you, challenges you and rewards you. To find out more about where in the industry your education would best serve you and potential employers, visit the Career Connections website. You may be surprised to find that insurance isn’t what you think. It’s a whole lot more.

www.career-connections.info


U.S. GRAD SCHOOL | PAPERWORK

SPECIAL REPORT

PREPPING THE PAPERWORK Tying up all loose ends before you head south for grad school will make your transition much smoother. For Laura Bagazzoli, the competitive landscape of teacher’s college in Canada and the high regard for U.S. grad school education from family and friends influenced her to take her studies south of the border back in 2012. But before packing her bags to embark on her new academic life, Bagazzoli had to prepare the necessary paperwork— and that didn’t mean her passport and a chicken-scratch list of potential U.S. grad schools, but rather a document called the I-20.

The documentation Canadian citizens looking to study in the U.S. do not need a student visa, says Laryssa Petryshyn, director of the International Students Office at D’Youville College in Buffalo, NY, adding that it’s one of the most common misconceptions Canadian students have with the visa process. “Canadian citizens get an I-20 because they’re seeking F-1 status in the United States,” which is granted at the U.S. port-of-entry. “They carry

For Canadian permanent residents, however, the process is slightly different and more complex. With the requested I-20 document from their schools, the student then schedules a visa interview with the U.S. embassy, brings the necessary documents, pays all the fees, and then the visa is imputed in the passport. “When I first read that I needed an I-20 in order to study in the U.S., I was worried I would not know what I needed to do and how I was going to do it,” says Bagazzoli, a Canadian citizen. “Fortunately, D’Youville outlined, in detail, the steps I needed to take,” noting the most challenging part as the collection of necessary documents to send in. Now a recent graduate of the master of science in adolescence education at D’Youville College, Bagazzoli reflects on her three semesters spent in teacher’s college in the U.S. “My experience with this process is certainly a little different from those who have attended graduate programs in Canada,” she says, stressing that the I-20 process didn’t affect her studies. “I would, without a doubt, encourage US studies to other students. I truly enjoyed

my experience and felt that I have taken away so many valuable lessons.”

The work visa With the appeal of studying in an American school, international students may also choose to start their careers in the U.S. after graduation. Luckily, Petryshyn says students who apply for Optical Practical Training will remain on the F-1 student status and are able to work in the U.S. in their field for one year. “A lot of our Canadian students do take advantage of that. After that, I can advise them on a couple of different types of work permits; we refer them to an immigration attorney and their employer.”

I-20 CHECKLIST Get accepted into the U.S. program of your choice and pay the deposit. Submit appropriate documentation with the International Student Financial Forms. Receive the I-20 document from your academic institution. Present the document at the U.S. port-ofentry every time you cross the border for the duration of your program.

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

“Once I had decided to go to the U.S., I began researching schools with Canadian Teacher’s College programs,” she says. “D’Youville [College] stood out as having one of the best and most accommodating programs for Canadian students.”

that I-20 with them every time they cross the border for the length of the program they’re attending in the United States.”

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LAW | STUDY AWAY, PRACTICE AT HOME

SPECIAL REPORT

U.S. LAW SCHOOL? NO OBJECTION! Studying law in the U.S. presents viable practicing options back home in Canada. From LSATs to articling, the path to becoming a lawyer is long but comes with great rewards. With over 200 American Bar Association-approved law schools in the US to choose from, moving south of the border to study may just be a favourable option. But before you step out to become the next Elle Woods, it’s important to know how to get there and to be familiar with how to come back.

JD in the U.S.

The Virginia-based university prepares its students for a career in law through their three-year juris doctorate program, offering 11 certificates of specialization from business law, criminal law, and international law—just to name a few—in addition to a comprehensive skills program. “Students will conduct negotiations, depositions, arguments before a judge,

Admissions checklist According to Liberty University’s International Student Department, “Canadian students do not need to submit an SAT/ACT for admission. Canadian law students do need to submit an LSAT score, of course.” With almost 200 Canadian law students enrolled in both the school’s undergraduate and graduate degrees, Canadian students simply need to present the necessary paperwork at the U.S. border. Some of the items students will need— in addition to the completed application—are a personal statement, letters of recommendation, post-secondary transcripts, an affidavit of financial support, and their passport.

Practicing in Canada For Robert Niemi, a Canadian lawyer and 2011 graduate of Liberty Univer-

sity School of Law, the quick transition back to practicing in the Canadian law system was all about timing. “Exams for both the National Committee on Accreditation (NCA) and Bar Exam are only at specific times of the year,” he says. The NCA examinations evaluate students who have graduated from law school outside of Canada, then issues a certificate given that all criteria is met. The second step is articling—a law internship, which is usually paid, “where a lawyer acts as a principal to the articling student,” Niemi explains. And once the articling is completed, the student is sworn in as a lawyer. As international law continues to grow, the viability of Canadians studying in the U.S. is ever more present. “The proximity of the United States and Canada creates a natural interaction between the countries,” says Pettyjohn. “Therefore, being trained in both legal systems provides students with an international advantage.” And, particularly for Liberty University School of Law, the cost of living in Central Virginia is much lower than many major Canadian cities, without jeopardizing the quality of living.

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

“Because the admissions process is so competitive and there are fewer law schools in Canada, attending law school in the United States is a viable option for many aspiring Canadian attorneys,” says Annette Pettyjohn, director of admissions at Liberty University School of Law, noting that several of the school’s students are currently practicing back in Canada.

and a trial,” says Pettyjohn. “They will draft more than 15 different types of legal documents ranging from legal memos, complaints, motions, summary judgments, sales contracts, statutes, articles of organizations, and operating agreements.”

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PLUG INTO TECHNOLOGY LOOKING TO JOIN THE TECH WAVE? CAREER OPPORTUNITIES ARE PLENTIFUL FOR TECH-SAVVY NEW GRADS IN CANADA. GAIN SOME LEVERAGE BY TAKING ON A GRAD SCHOOL PROGRAM IN THE FIELD. Go where the jobs are, right? Whether you’re a tech guru or a little old school, there’s no denying that technology-focused roles are in high demand in today’s workplace. For instance, we’re seeing more tech startups pop up across some of Canada’s biggest metropolises, like Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. In addition, hybrid roles within companies are becoming more common to accommodate for the shift in tech. According to a Robert Half Special Report, The Demand for Skilled Talent, roles under the tech umbrella are expecting a five per cent increase in salaries this year. Companies want to hire the best of the best and, as a result, the unemployment rate for people in Natural and Applied Sciences roles—including computer programmers and web designers—was only 3.8 per cent in 2015. The demand for this talent is constant. Through its postgrad programs, colleges are doing their part in bridging that gap.

Going back to school Making the decision to go back to school for a postgrad isn’t always a simple one, especially after the years spent completing your undergrad, and the thousands of dollars accumulated in student debt. For students aspiring to work in the tech industry, the idea of additional schooling is becoming more popular. “Many of them received degrees in something they really liked, but it didn’t easily lead to a job,” says Randall Kozak, coordinator for the Computer Applications Development program (CAD) at Conestoga College. “This program is attractive because in a very short period of time, we can train them to become software developers,” which, as a result, pairs well with their skills from their previous academic backgrounds. As hybrid roles find their places within companies, more undergrads are learning that it’s harder to find opportunities with just a degree or diploma. “I actually interview all applicants that come into the program,” says Darin Faber, program coordinator and professor for the Interactive Media Management program at Algonquin College. “People have told me that they need web design, graphics, and video for a communications job—this is becoming quite popular.”

Learning tech In the CAD program at Conestoga College, students will take on three intensive semesters to achieve a graduate certificate. Historically, the program trained its students to develop business applications, like scheduling, logistics and accounting. But over time, it has evolved to also include ecommerce websites, social media, and consumer applications. Moreover, Conestoga doesn’t just attract local students. “We always made the program available to international students, but what we found was there’s a big demand for them,” says Kozak. “They bring a different perspective and are multilingual.” In the year-long Interactive Media Management program at Algonquin College, students work towards a graduate certificate, with a plethora of career opportunity upon graduation. Faber calls job titles “vast,” and include UX designer, programmer, media director, video editor, etc. “The program is broken down into two semesters,” he explains. “We have 12 courses and four of them are core, which is to do with web development, web design, web programming. They learn graphic design, graphic technologies, and Adobe CC Master Collection.” Students will also take on smaller focuses, such as studio labs, infographics and data visualization, and layout and design, with the goal of becoming a well rounded interactive media specialist upon graduation.


Words Megan Santos // Illustrations Anastasiia

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TEACHING TECH | PROGRAMS

Finding leverage These tech-focused grad school programs offer more than just in-class learning; they also give students the opportunity to gain valuable working experience in the field. “Generally speaking, the success of the co-op program is very high. What that means is most of the students stay with their co-op company,” says Kozak, adding that many end up working in software development, programming, testing, and support. “The co-op term helps a lot and gives them the professional experience that they need,” he explains. “Working in a professional environment does require special skills that we try to teach, but it’s not automatic in a classroom setting. They really need the work experience to flesh out those skills.” Similarly, students in the Interactive Media Management program take on client projects in their second semester, where they also gain real experience. “The students are put into smaller groups and a real nonprofit organization or educational institute is brought in,” says Faber. “They come and sit in on a problem students are working on, and students create that the entire second semester. It’s internal—they’re learning and working at the same time.”

JOBPOSTINGS.CA | GRAD SCHOOL PLANNING GUIDE

Aside from what’s taught throughout each program, employers are searching for a special something in each candidate applying to their companies. It’s suggested to build your personal brand and be more active in the job search by networking and volunteering.

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“You have to go out there, get meetings, join organizations,” lists Faber, adding that within the program, students also take classes focusing on job searching. “If you’re not out the door and have a job in hand, then you should volunteer.” By being more thorough with the way you find a job, it also helps with promoting your name amongst employers. “Today, you have to market yourself now and it’s no longer just a resumé in hand,” says Faber. “You have to create a marketing package.” Kozak describes today’s demand for tech talent as “very strong” explaining, “the IT industry does go through cycles, and the demand for developers does go up somewhat. The average demand is higher than many other fields and, even in the downtimes, it tends to still be higher than any other field.”


SUCCESS ON YOUR OWN TERMS sobey.smu.ca

MBA Master of Business Administration - MFin Master of Finance - MAE Master of Applied Economics - MTEI Master of Technology Entrepreneurship and Innovation - MBA (CPA Stream) Master of Business Administration for accounting - MMCCU Master of Management, Co-operatives & Credit Unions - EMBA Executive Master of Business Administration - PhD (Management)

Establishing a start-up or a new market. Building your network or your net worth. Creating better policy or a better world. At the AACSB-accredited Sobey School of Business, we welcome students who define success their way. Join our diverse, vibrant community, here on Canada’s beautiful East Coast. Regardless of your career stage or field, we have a graduate business degree that will propel you toward the success you envision.

WE ARE LOCATED IN HALIFAX, NOVA SCOTIA, MINUTES FROM OUR BUSTLING, HISTORIC DOWNTOWN IN ONE DIRECTION, AND A FORESTED PARK AND BEACH IN THE OTHER.


Words Megan Santos // Illustrations Anthony Capano

SALARY REPORT | MBA SALARIES

SALARY REPORT:

THE GLOBAL MBA PAYOFF BUSINESS BUFFS: THIS MAY SPARK YOUR INTEREST.

An MBA offers extended business insight, career advancement, and the opportunity to develop your entrepreneurial side. And as busy-bodied as you may be starting off your young careers after your undergrad is complete, it provides options whether you prefer full-time, part-time, distant, or executive education. If you’re going down the MBA path, it may be enticing to know that having one can lead you to a lucrative career in MBA hotspots all over the world. Topping the list in 2013/2014, Australia saw an average MBA salary of $133,100 US, including bonuses. It’s important to note that a significant factor affecting the range of salaries from country to country is the state of the global market. Following the North American economic downturn in the 2000s, the US and Canada are in recovery mode and are expected to see growth in the coming years. Right now, the US sits in the sixth spot at $98,300 US, with Canada at $91,600 US. While it may take another couple of years of ample studying and sleepless nights, the payoff could be huge for your career (and your pocket). Besides, you’re a fresh graduate; research and all nighters are part of your DNA.

$150,000

Source: ource: topmba.com

$140,000 $130,000 $120,000 $110,000 $100,000 $90,000 $80,000 $70,000 $60,000 $50,000 $40,000 $30,000 $20,000

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COUNTRIES WITH THE HIGHEST MBA SALARIES & BONUSES Canada $91,600 US

France $100,800 US

Spain $92,900 US

UK $106,100 US

Germany $93,700 US

Denmark $121,400 US

Brazil $97,200 US

Switzerland $129,700 US

USA $98,300 US

Australia $133,100 US


One year to a great career.

Sheridan business post-grad programs. Sheridan is known for its creative approach to business education. In just one year, our business post-graduate programs give you the knowledge, skills and experience that today’s employers want. Whether you’re finishing a bachelor’s degree or looking for a change, you’re only one year away from a rewarding career. Advertising – Account Management | Business Process Management International Business Management | Marketing Management Project Management | Human Resources Management

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Grad School Planning Guide (Winter 2017