PORTFOLIO Javier Mora Sรกnchez
Javier Mora Sánchez Personal information
Javier Mora Sánchez 31.01.1987 Madrid Spanish
Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Madrid Master Thesis Project | Prof. Francisco Arqués | 10.2012 - 11.2013
Architecture erasmus | 09.2009 - 07.2010
Quinto centenario, 12 Getafe (Madrid) 28095 +34 617 868402
Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Madrid
30 Joseph Trotter Close, EC1R 1UB, London +44 7742 128829
Arquitectura Superior | 09.2005 - 05.2011
Language Skills Spanish | Native Language English | Fluent - First Certificate, Cambridge ESOL (2005)
German | Medium level- Several courses (B1.2)
Avanti Architects London, United Kingdom | 05.2014 Key Proyects: Pathology Hospital, Bristol, United Kingdom Healthcare building- Construction Detailing Torbay Hospital New Entrance & CCU, Torquay, United Kingdom Healthcare building - Stage D, E, F & Planning application Craigavon New Hospital, Craigavon, United Kingdom Healthcare building - Competition Patology Research Centre, London, United Kingdom Healthcare building - Stage D & Planning application
Technical Skills & Competences Autocad | Expert Rhinoceros | Expert Adobe Suite - Photshop,Illustrator, InDesign | Advanced Revit | Medium Vray | Medium 3D Studio Max | Medium
Reference: Duncan Finch | email@example.com
Vectorworks | Basic
Harry Gugger Studio Basel, Switzerland | 07.2011 - 07.2012 Key Proyects: Transitlager, Münchestein, Switzerland Conversion of storage building - 21,000m2 - Competition School for Arts and Design Confidential - 20,450m2 - Schematic Design Museum Confidential - 18625m2 - Feasability Study & Schematic Design
Awards | Competitions | Workshops 2006 - Course Autocad | Advanced level 2008 - Puertollano Project | Semester Selection 2011 - Course Rhinoceros + Vray | Advanced level 2011 - Schindler Competition; Transport systems | First Award 2014 - Course 3D max + Vray | Medium level
Reference: Alasdair Graham | firstname.lastname@example.org
2014 - Course Revit architecture | Advanced level
Francisco Arqués Soler Madrid, Spain | 05.2011 - 06.2011 Key Proyects: Multifunctional Public Building, Arona, Spain Administrative Building - 11,250m2 - Competition Reference: Francisco Arqués | email@example.com
Cultural reactivation Altos Hornos de Vizcaya Master Thesis Project
Harry Gugger Studio
Multifunctional public building Francisco Arqués Soler
Urban border regeneration General equipment, Sestao, Spain
Cinema school & movie sets, Old Duró factory, Langreo, Spain
12 dwellings, Puertollano, Spain
Mixed-tipology dwellings, Puertollano, Spain
Carton Plein exposition, París, France
Mountain leisure trails, Passo Stelvio, Italy
New urban models, Houston, USA
New urban models, Houston, USA
Cultural reactivation Altos Hornos de Vizcaya Museum, library & train station, Sestao, Spain Master Thesis Project Prof: Francisco ArquĂŠs November 2013 On the edge of the urban Sestao and the industrial surface of the Benedicta one can see the rail tracks linking Bilbao with the left riverbank of Nervionâ€™s estuary. It is in this spot where the Blast furnace stands, recently appointed by the Spanish Industrial Herritage, and currently under a state of absolute abandon. The project stands at the foot of the steel structure, neither a restoration, nor a parasite building. It is an independent aggregate to complete the first, and it adds a new foundation for the city, occupying a residual edge on slope, and dangerous for the train tracks, which are located in the lower part. The main virtue of the building is that it lets the blast furnace be the main subject of the environment and remains almost invisible from the town of Sestao, but it still has a presence as a petrous plinth from remoteness. It seeks the contrast with the Blast furnace, stereotomy versus tectonic. On an area just over 200 meters long, 30 meters wide and with a height of 16 meters, the main work consists of the shaping and containment of a new platform for pedestrian use, to be completed with the creation of a retaining wall designed to shelter a museum, a library and a train station. Additionaly, there is the need for a connection between the urban and the industrial platform, which due to the progressive dismantling will emerge as a new green landscape right on Bilbaoâ€™s estuary.
Superharbour New Bonded Warehouse Santurtzi harbour Crane Algorta Wharf “Muelle del Hierro” (Iron Pier) Bizkaia Bridge Chemical and Pharmacy Factory La Benedicta Inner Harbour Blast Furnace nº2
New Iron & Steel industry Museum Udondo Bridge Apprentices School A.H.V. blooming Shed A.H.V. Udondo Pier La Naval. Dam nº1 Axpe Inner Harbour Ilgner Building A.H.V. Old Offices Portu Inner Harbour Landing of the French-Belgian Company Lutxana´s Industry Landing of Orcorena Iron Core Zorrotza Workshops Phosphate Storage Shed Great Basque Mills Erandio´s Pumping Deusto´s Channel Zorrozaurre Peninsula Crane Carola Dried Dams Euskalduna Deusto Bridge
The Estuary of Bilbao. Industrial Heritage Throughout the Estuary of Bilbao are a series of structures from the Vizcaya´s industrial past. These structures represent a heritage that must be preserved and reused in the future for cultural purposes. -8-
Level_21.6 m The upper level contains the entrances to the museum, library, conference room and train station. Always assuming logitudinal circulation along the project, and changing direction when you want to access these spaces
Level_12.6 m The lower level hosts the Museum and all spaces associated to it. They connect to the upper level via a walkway that opens and closes at the exhibition spaces.
General arrangement. Plans The project is formed by seven interconnected blocks lengthwise. These blocks open south to capture sunlight, and close to the noise generated by trains running on the north facade. Each piece has an autonomous space that depends on the others for the full operation of the system. - 10 -
The circulation is coceived longitudinally. On one side the main spaces (showrooms, library ...) taking the protagonism, and on the other, the adjacent spaces â€œdugâ€? into the rock, to serve the main ones. - 11 -
General description of the proposal. Concept The set is designed as an inhabited ground retaining structure or a basement where the town raises. The building stands as part of the natural-artificial landscape of the estuary, and reduces the environmental objective impact (physical) and subjective impact(collective unconscious) of - 12 -
the monumental Blast Furnace Nº 2. It acts as a buffer between these two “worlds” and becomes invisible from the street (by its nature of plinth) occupying a buried space that does not yet exist.
- 13 -
Construction detail of transverse section. Type 1. Glazing. Retaining wall.
1. A secant pile wall is used, due to the high water table and the poor cohesion of the soil. 2. Due to the large soil pressure on the slurry wall, a second retaining wall adjacent to the first is added, separated by a waterproofing layer (shotcrete). It will help to restrain the soil along with the rest of the building.
1. In the joint between the façade wall and the foundation slab there is a very large overturning moment. Hence, this is a fixed connection, and the raft is 1.65 m deep.
1. In order to span 12 meters without intermediate supports, a precast prestressed concrete slab is used, lightened through the use of EPS void formers.
LC1. Levelling concrete t=10 cm LC2. Spacers >5cm LC3. Slab lower reinforcement mesh LC4. Tying and spacing beam 150×60 cm reinforcement 18ø=20mm and 12ø stirrups spaced every 15 cm LC5. Shear reinforcement, inclined 45º LC6. Supplementary reinforcement in intersection with column strips. Ending in hook LC7. Floating slab RC-25 LC8. Slab upper reinforcement mesh
F1. RC joists F2. Precast prestressed concrete slab 11.2 × 3 m F3. EPS void former 90×45cm F4. Negative reinforcement F5. Wire reinforcement mesh F6. Trowelled concrete finish F7. Perimeter beam 14×55 cm reinforcement 8ø20 mm and 12 ø stirrups spaced every 15 cm.
MC1. Capping beam 85×60 cm reinforcement 18ø=20 mm and 12 ø stirrups spaced every 15 cm MC2. Secant pile ø = 54 cm L = 13.5 m. MC3. Waterproofing shotcrete MC4. 45 cm RC retaining wall MC5. Openings reinforced with concrete beam MC6. Permanent anchorage for slurry wall L = 12 m
Construction Section The key aspect is retaining the sloping terrain that pushes the hill downwards due to the high water table. The entire building works as a large 16 m deep retaining wall, which only works at its full capacity when the construction is finished. - 14 -
Section_JJ’ lobby conference hall
Section_II’ conference hall
Section_HH’ museum_exhibition hall
Section_GG’ station lobby | museum_exhibition hall
Section_FF’ cafeteria | museum_exhibition hall
Section_EE’ park access | museo_exhibition hall
Section_DD’ museum_exhibition hall
Section_CC’ library | museum_interactive room
Section_BB’ library | clasrooms for children | laboratories
Section_AA’ lobby library | services | storage
Section Versatility Starting from a typical section, the project adjusts to the needs of the different programs included in the building. The upper level always opens towards the south, and the lower ones that host the museum are regulated through diffused light from the north. - 15 -
Elevation. Outside Projection The facade consists of large concrete pillars of variable width that give the impression of a bar code from the river, impression enhanced by shade. This is a game to see without being seen, to visually reach the distant landscape, but in turn ignore the nearby. - 16 -
The project serves as a barrier and filter to the city, but the invisibility from the town of Sestao makes the view of the mouth of the estuary remain intact. Through repetition of concrete pillars, the idea is to strengthen the horizontality of the new Sestao plinth . This system provides a dominant verticality in the near field. - 17 -
Transitlager Mixed-use development, MĂźnchestein, Switzerland Harry Gugger Studio Summer 2011 The Transitlager is a proposal for a competition to renovate Baselâ€™s former customs warehouse into a mixed-use development of shops, restaurants, offices, ateliers and housing. The ends of the original building were shaped according to the needs of transportation logistics. This unexpected contextual reference in the design of a mundane warehouse calls to mind a combination of mass production and customization. This interplay forms the basis of our concept for the project. Although assembled from prefabricated elements, the building is designed to be versatile, allowing individuals to customize their space to create a communal atmosphere while simultaneously accommodating individual needs and privacy. The existing building is stripped to expose its raw structure and used as a set of shelves to hold the prefabricated lightweight steel modules of the new addition. The new slimmer volume frees up a generous space on the existing slabs which accommodates a system of streets and front yards, not just on the ground floor but on all floors. The private yards created along these streets provide clearly delineated spaces that individual tenants can occupy and adapt to their own desires. This establishes a controlled transition from the communal streets to the private interiors while providing a unique amenity to every occupant of this seven storey building. Care is taken to retain a clear distinction between the existing building elements and the new volume. This is especially evident at the corners where the new volume cantilevers past the old slabs to further express this dialogue between old and new.
- 18 -
Folding the Plinth
Inserting a new Prefabricated Volume
- 19 -
Model_1:50 (short section) At 29 m wide, the existing building is deeper than is optimal for its new purpose. As a result, a new slimmer volume can be shifted asymmetrically to the south, freeing up a generous space facing the main square. These new areas, formed by externalising the existing slabs, become a system of streets and front yards, not just on the ground floor but on all floors.
- 20 -
Level 5 Apartments
Groundfloor Food Market, Shops, CafĂŠs & Restaurants
- 21 -
Multifunctional public building Administrative equipment, Arona, Spain Colaboration with Francisco Arques Soler Summer 2011 The object of the competition is to design a Multifunctional Administrative Building that hosts the offices of various public administrations in Arona. A building that besides being a landmark for the city creates a model of flexibility, accessibility and energy efficiency. The geographical location of Arona gives it a mild, moderate climate any time of year. With average temperatures ranging between 17 and 18 degrees in winter and 28 to 30 in summer. Climatic conditions that have made us wonder how to insert a building in this city. How to build in a place with such specific climatic conditions? or How to set the indoor / outdoor relationship? With these basic parameters, the solution we propose for this competition is to create a translucent, transparent, lightweight, flexible building with a facade that can regulate light and heat in a good space designed for work. A shell as a brise-soleil, thermally systematizes direct sunlight and create a habitable atmosphere. A mechanism that works as a regulator device for sunlight and, at the same time gives each of the building spaces different natures. The light is filtered in south street facade General Franco; a light sift protection to the west, street facade Crist贸bal Col贸n; and captures the northern light in its street facade Monta帽a Chica.
- 22 -
- 23 -
General Education Center
Tourism Research Center
Business Management Center
Citizen Attention Service
Parking & Deposit
- 24 -
The building is conceived as a series of boxes that are dislocated in section, and that because of this movement generates a variation of spaces with double and triples heights. At the same time, it has proposed a enveloping facade that will work as a sieve qualifying the space through the light. A technologically simple solution that will allow us a integration with the context and the surrounding urban space and, simultaneously, an architectural solution that will work as a thermal and visual controller.
Elevation General Franco street
Elevation Monta単a Chica strret
Transversal Section Environment & Landscape
The landscape and weather conditions are a generating element of the project. The location of the site within the city has a direct impact on the environment urban space, which involves a solution that wraps around the whole building, changing its scale, while giving its unique status.
- 25 -
Urban Border Regeneration General equipment, Sestao, Spain 9th Design Semester
Teaching unit: Soto & Maroto Spring 2011
The project starts with the clear intention of creating a new public and relation space for the inhabitants of Sestao, and also for all the Bilbao estuary. It is intended that the space is not only a great void inside the set, but a transit and connection spot between all the system pieces in the area. Originally a pedestrian street is created. All the volumes are disaggregated with a minimum bay width and angled connections that do not meet the program requirements, and therefore, some must be expanded, keeping in mind the public space that should be liberated. To solve the problem of the size of the volumes in relation to the street we decided to bury the larger program spaces buried, so that their roofs become the street itself. In addition new waving roofs are generated to unify the initial disintegration, giving the entire project a final unity. The roofs system makes the project establish a large amount of levels, since the y go up and down depending on the volume and function contained in its interior. This decission makes a higher diversity of levels, both indoors and in covered oudoor spaces.
First Prize: Schindler Competition; Vertical / horizontal / diagonal transport systems
- 26 -
Longitudinal Low Volumes
Urban Public Space
- 27 -
Plan and Elevation The project idea is based on connecting the urban fabric of Sestao with the industrial platform located on the banks of the River Nervi贸n. A new urban layout characterized by a fully public street use is generated, and serves as a buffer between the two areas. - 28 -
The street stands as the backbone of the proposal. The route aims to bridge all gaps between program areas in a way as nice as possible and creating a new public level granted to the city of Sestao. - 29 -
View from Benedictaâ€™s footbridge The train station is generated by a piece that crosses the train tracks and descends on both platforms. A truss structurally supported at both ends and in the center, functioning as a single unit.
View under Benedictaâ€™s footbridge To connect both sides of the footbridge without generating a breakpoint on the system, the project is split above and below the bridge, continuing the street in the lower plane and generating accesses on the top. - 30 -
Housing Tower As a landmark of the project, the residential tower height dialogues with the blast furnace and with the rest of the project forms. All around it the public space is formed, creating a large communal meeting space - 31 -
Library & Classrooms View from the plaza between the classroms and the library
Train Station View from the platforms
Museum Entrance View between the museum entrance and the offices showing the new level street
- 32 -
Section_B-B’ In the basement the large spaces are established without the need for direct light, and with such dimensions that due to terrain features can not take up in any another position. Up the street a relational space is generated that expands and contracts depending on the needs of the program and the desire to create spaces with a larger living surface.
Section_A-A’ Third, around that relation path different “air” volumes are placed in direct relationship with the street and generate with the roofs the final skyline of the project.
- 33 -
La Felguera Cinema school & movie sets, Old Duró Factory, Langreo, Spain 8th Design Semester Teaching unit: Ignacio Vicens Winter 2010 At La Felguera (Oviedo, Asturias), one of the cradles of the industrial development in Spain, there is a factory that was once the largest metallurgical factory in Spain. This place is colloquially known as “La Fábrica” from La Felguera. The main idea of the project is the use of the old factory as a volume in which to develop a set of reprogrammable, flexible spaces in order to develop a new school and film sets. In a place dominated by the old warehouses, laboratories, a cooling tower, and the railroads we generate a new film school that works entirely as a recording set. In this way the project is developed where the sets and different areas are combined to create a group in which all serve all and where at every moment the environment is changing and modifying according to the required needs. The project is proposed as a solution to the problem this area has been suffering since the abandonment of this and other factories, along with the end of mining in the region. It tries to provide a new economic engine, a new industry, the audiovisual“industry”. Taking advantage of the large areas and infrastructures that are left by the old factories along the territory.
- 34 -
New Scaffolding Structure
- 35 -
Groundfloor The design is based on a scaffolding and interwined footbridges that allows us to rearrange the factory according to the flow of the filming.
Transversal Section A â€œre-programmableâ€? building where each of its parts adequately responds to the needs of the shooting
- 36 -
Level_06.5 m Five scaffold strips organize the performance of the whole project. Each strip contains independent shooting sets that can communicate with the ouside areas, being able to expand its presence if necessary.
The scaffolds organize the shooting spaces inside the sheds. In its interior a series of volumes are arranged to collect all the auxiliary programs that are necessary for the movie production.
- 37 -
Patio Houses 12 dwellings, Puertollano, Spain 6th Design Semester Teaching unit: DarĂo Gazapo Fall 2008 The project will develop a series of low-density dwellings in what once was a factory for the coal treatment in the mine at Puertollano. The project seeks the displacement of the city grid, as well as the change of scenery by changing the colors of the homes which will oppose the great atmosphere blackened by the mine. It uses the traditional Castilian architecture courtyard houses which are beneficial during summers of extreme heat. Going one step further, the courts were dug in the earth to create a continuous shade, and a chimney effect to encourage housing ventilation, and to lower the interior temperature naturally. with few historical references and a high request for new equipment.
- 38 -
Terrace level_+4.5 m
The houses are grouped around the pre-existing building of the old factories, in this case surrounding one of the chimneys. Due to the unleveled ground, a series of flatbeds are used to build the homes, and to dig patios, thus generating a high number of different levels.
Transversal section The dwelling are standing along the slope, and in turn digging it to create the patios, always having one of the levels as a ground floor, the other buried. The slope allows all houses to share horizon views and a feeling of wider space. - 39 -
Housing Tower Mixed-tipology dwellings, Puertollano, Spain 6th Design Semester Teaching unit: DarĂo Gazapo Fall 2008 The project in Puertollano required, in addition to single family homes, a high density typology. Due to this requirement we have chosen a tower because of its impressive efficiency. The main idea is based on overlapping cubes containing different types of housing units (student homes, houses in L, double height dwellings and tube apartments). These units will follow the same rule of dislocation as the houses in order to ensure unity to the whole urbanization project. In this case, the diversity of colors is due to the different materials that allow a contrast with the darkness of the mining area.
- 40 -
Houses in “L”
1 house x 6 bedrooms
4 house x 3 bedrooms
1 house x ≠ bedrooms
2 houses x 2 bedrooms
Double height dwellings
1 connected volume
2 houses x 2 bedrooms
Lifts and communal spaces - 41 -
Model_Implantation Conceptually the tower consists on a series of volumes of different heights and materials that together form a whole dislocated. The soil in which it is built generates dislocation with empty volumes, creating an an antithesis to the upper parts.
Elevation The main feature of the tower is to not having 4 different elevations, but being a continuous indivisible one. Instead each volume is oriented according to their own need and has its own elevations - 42 -
Section_A-Aâ€™ Two levels of communal areas are established as viewpoints on floors 8 and 16. The dweillings are connected with the elevators by outdoor walkways so that the entire building with the exception of the inhabited blocks is exterior. - 43 -
Cardboard Tower Carton Plein exposition, Paris, France Form, Konstruktion, Material
Teaching unit: Ruebe Maleczek (Innsbruck) Fall 2009
During a workshop that took place in the Institut fuer Konstruktion und Gestaltung (KoGe) based at the Leopold Franzens University of Innsbruck. We had the opportunity to develop with Ruebe Maleczek, member of the Collective ArchiWASTE, a tower with the high of 10 Meters, entirely build of Cardboard. The Tower is based on a simple folding principle that creates a unity between material , space and structure. The object is not conquering the eye of the staircase, it is adding a new momentum to the moving visitor. The structure opens constantly new axis of views within the movement of the visitor and underlines in that way the vertical component of the space. The structure is based in a simple stripe with changing rotation axis to fold. To create a tower it was necessary to bend the stripe in an Angle that is defned through 360/number of stripes. The starting point was a vertical element from that the bending started in both directions. See more on www.archiwaste.org
- 44 -
Production The elements were produced by students in the working atelier. The parts are connected by metal screws, so it can be rebuild many times. The tower is build out of 96 CNC elements that are 28mm thick. They give the tower its height of 9.98m with a weight of only 280kg.
Construction The structure was build on-site in only 9 hours. As the stairs allowed access to every height of the structure, no extra scaffolding was needed. - 45 -
Landscape Paths Mountain leisure trails, Passo Stelvio, Italy Entwerfen M2
Teaching unit: Karen Lohrmann (Innsbruck) Fall 2009
The Passo dello Stelvio is an ancient mountain road which was built by the Austrians during the early nineteenth century. Today it is a mountain resort operating only during summer, since during the rest of the year it is covered by snow. To study the topography of the field was the first step towards the full understanding of the project area. According to the characteristics of the place, it was initially decided to collect data through 360ยบ photos and then look for a color interpretation by layers, giving rise to a new map and a new understanding of the Passo dello Stelvio. The final proposal is an interpretation of the center of the mountain fully open through a series of roads which run near the ski resort and make places previously impossible to access, surveyable. In addition, the roads were widened at certain points, creating meeting spaces for cultural use, as areas of exhibition, reading, or dancing.
- 46 -
Light & Shadow
Landscape layers Subjectively the topography is analized by a series of layers that create a much more complete map of the place that the perceived naked eye.
Plan & Sections The trails are defined by the topography of the Mountain pass. They change their morphology depending on the previous analysis and finding the points of greatest interest.
- 47 -
Efficient City New urban models, Houston, USA Entwerfen M1
Teaching unit: Stefano di Martino (Innsbruck) Spring 2010
It takes a citizen of Houston an hour and a half get from home to work. For a city with over 2 million inhabitants and a total area of 1560 km2, these numbers are not socially or economically sustainable. Four new models are proposed to improve city communications in Houston: 1.- “From donut-City to polycentric city”: Cars always travel in the same direction to reach the business center. This leads to huge traffic jams and long waiting times on private transports. If we could split up the working area into different working key points, this problem would be solved. 2.- “City by the Bay”: The city of Houston is located near the Gulf, which we can utilize. If we change the center closer to the bay we could have a city that utilizes the sea, and with an aquatic roads network that would make the connection to the business center much faster. 3.- “Public transport city”: The idea is to forbid all kinds of private transports inside the city . This could allow the people to have an efficient network of public transport and, in effect, reduce the traffic of almost 100%. 4.- “Freeways or Trainways”: Urban transport could be more efficient by changing the highways to railroads and leaving aside private cars.
- 48 -
Donut-Polycentric The main companies in Huston may create their own Houston Downtown dispersed that will decrease the rush hour.
By the bay A city facing the sea would generate a second level of transport (aquatic) that would take on a large percentage of road transport.
Public transport The creation of more and larger â€œPark & Rideâ€? and more efficient public transport would deviate a large amount of cars from the city centre.
Freeways o Trainways A radial rail transport as a substitute of the private transport would encourage the use of public transport in the city suburbs
- 49 -
Superbuilding New urban models, Houston, USA Entwerfen M1
Teaching unit: Stefano di Martino (Innsbruck) Spring 2010
As a final proposal for Houston, we will construct a superbuilding that takes the best aspects of each model described previously. This new building replaces the existing city, and generates a new pattern of urban settlement. The superbuilding is comprised of a series of internal railways which allow the health, educational and security program to move throughout the structure, and to reduce the private transports almost entirely. This is made possible by the fact that the public transport is already included in the infrastructure. The houses are situated around the transport network and connected through a system of elevators and walkways that make the building unified.
- 50 -
Expansion scheme From the model of â€œcity in the Bayâ€? super building starts taking the main means of communication of Houston, expanding as a new organism from the inside out.
Insertion scheme In the main avenues of the city, the network of "mobile equipments" would stand, and around it would begin to establish the new Houston, with dwellings around developing, while old buildings are dismantled. - 51 -
ÂŠHarryGuggerStudioLtd. This document and the ideas incorporated herein from page 18 to 21, as an instrument of professional service, is the property of Harry Gugger Studio Ltd. and is not to be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever, in whole or in part for any other project without the prior written permission from HarryGuggerStudioLtd.
- 52 -
Published on Mar 19, 2014