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Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria London Wednesday 29th June 2016


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Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

ANTIQUE ARMS, ARMOUR & MILITARIA PROPERTY OF MEMBERS OF THE PRUSSIAN ROYAL FAMILY THE PROPERTY OF A EUROPEAN NOBLEMAN PROPERTY FROM THE DESCENDANT FAMILY OF ARTHUR RICHARD DUFTY CBE PROPERTY FROM THE LATTIMER FAMILY COLLECTIONS, NEW JERSEY THE PROPERTY OF A EUROPEAN PRINCE PROPERTY FROM THE ESTATE OF BRUCE GEORGE PROPERTY SOLD BY THE DESCENDANT FAMILY OF THE 8TH EARL OF AIRLIE PROPERTY FROM THE COLLECTION OF HARVEY A. MURTON

TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION AT Thomas Del Mar Ltd 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD

PUBLIC EXHIBITION Sunday 26th June 12 noon to 4pm Monday 27th June 10am to 7pm Tuesday 28th June 10am to 5pm

DAY OF SALE

Wednesday 29th June 2016 at 12 noon, precisely Listen to the auction live on Tel. +44 (0) 20 7806 5535

This auction is conducted by Thomas Del Mar Ltd in accordance with our Conditions of Business printed in the back of this catalogue. All questions and comments relating to the operation of this sale or to its contents should be addressed to Thomas Del Mar Ltd and NOT to Sotheby’s.

View the catalogue online at www.thomasdelmar.com www.the-saleroom.com/thomasdelmar


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Important Information for Buyers All lots are offered subject to Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s Conditions of Business and to reserves. The Conditions of Business for Buyers are published at the end of the catalogue. Please note that all measurements including bore sizes are approximate. Estimates are published as a guide only and are subject to review. The actual hammer price of a lot may well be higher or lower than the range of figures given and there are no fixed “starting prices”. A Buyer’s Premium of 24% is applicable to all lots in this sale. Excepting lots sold under Temporary Import rules which are marked with the symbol ‡ (see below), the Buyer’s Premium is subject to VAT at the standard rate (currently 20%). Lots offered for sale under the auctioneer’s margin scheme and VAT on the Buyer’s Premium is payable by all buyers. Lots marked with the symbol ‡ have been imported from outside the European Union (EU) to be sold at auction under Temporary Import Rules. When released to buyers within the EU, including the UK, the buyer will become the importer and must pay VAT at the rate of 5% on the hammer price. The Buyer’s premium will be subject to the standard VAT rate at 20%. Buyers outside the EU will normally be eligible to obtain a refund in respect of VAT, upon satisfactory documentary evidence of exportation. Further information on this matter is available on request. ⦿ Restricted Materials Lots with this symbol have been identified at the time of cataloguing as containing organic material which may be subject to restrictions regarding import or export. The information is made available for the convenience of bidders and the absence of the symbol is not a warranty that there are no restrictions regarding import or export of the Lot. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. will be pleased to execute bids on behalf of those clients unable to attend the sale in person, subject to our Conditions of Business. All bids must be submitted in writing in good time and lots will always be purchased as cheaply as possible (depending on any other bids received, reserves and competition in the saleroom). This service is offered free of charge. Thomas Del Mar Ltd. can supply quotations for shipping of purchases, including transit insurance and VAT refund administration fees, and will assist in the application for any export licences which may be required. Administration fees may be applicable for this. Buyers are reminded that it is their responsibility to comply with UK export regulations and with any local import requirements.

Payment Payment is due in sterling at the conclusion of the sale and before purchases can be released. Please note that we require seven days to clear sterling cheques unless special arrangements have been made in advance of the sale. We are pleased to accept major credit cards (regrettably we are unable to accept American Express), for which a surcharge will be made of 3% of the transaction total. International debit cards attract a 3% surcharge. There is no charge for payments made by UK registered debit card. Cash and credit card payments above £6,000 and “card holder not present” payments above £2,000 will not be accepted without prior arrangement. Electronic transfers may be sent directly to our Bank: HSBC Bank Plc 38 High Street Dartford Kent DA1 1DG IBAN No.: BIC.: Sort Code: Account No.: Account Name.:

GB78MIDL40190481632140 MIDLGB22 40-19-04 81632140 Thomas Del Mar Ltd

Storage On receipt of cleared funds, lots can be collected from Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s premises at 25 Blythe Road, London, W14 0PD. Please note that collection is BY APPOINTMENT on +44 (0) 207 602 4805. All lots should be cleared within one month of the auction date, after which they will be transferred to a third party for storage. A transfer fee of £10 per lot plus all incurred transfer and storage costs due to the third party will be payable prior to release. iii


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Select Bibliography Barbier-Mueller 2011

J. Gabriel Barbier-Mueller, Art of Armor: Samurai Armor from the Ann and Gabriel Barbier-Mueller Collection, New Haven, USA, 2011

Blackmore 1971

Howard L. Blackmore, The Arms & Armor Series: Hunting Weapons, London, 1971

Blair 1958

Claude Blair, European Armour, circa 1066 to circa 1700, London, 1958

Boccia & Coelho 1975

Lionello G. Boccia & Eduard T. Coelho, Armi Bianche Italiane, Milan, 1975

Di Carpegna 1969

Nolfo di Carpegna, Antiche Armi Dal Sec. IX Al XVIII, già Collezione Odescalchi, Rome, 1969

Dufty 1974

Arthur Richard Dufty, European Swords and Daggers in the Tower of London, London, 1974

Ffoulkes 1916

Charles J. Ffoulkes, Inventory and Survey of the Armouries of the Tower of London, Volume I, London, 1916

Franzoi 1990

Umberto Franzoi, L’Armeria del Palazzo Ducale a Venezia, Treviso, 1990

Gessler 1928

Dr. E. A. Gessler, Führer durch die Waffensammlung, ein Abriss der Schweizerischen Waffenkunde, Zurich, 1928

Glück 1960

Franz Glück, Das Wiener Bürgerliche Zeughaus, Gotik und Renaissance, Rüstungen und Waffen aus fünf Jahrhunderten, Vienna, 1960

Gotti 2011

Roberto Gotti, Caino, Botticino-Mattina, 2011

Hayward 1963

J. F. Hayward, Swords and Daggers, The Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1963

Hayward, Schedelmann, Reinhard & Randall 1963

Hayward, Schedelmann, Reinhard & Randall, The Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Collection of Armour and Arms, Princeton, 1963

Hiltl 1981

Georg Hiltl, Waffen-Sammlung Sr. Königlichen Hoheit des Prinzen Carl von Preussen: Mittelalterliche Abtheilung, Berlin, 1981

Krenn 1997

Dr. Peter Krenn, Schwert und Spiess, Graz, 1997

Laking 1920

Sir Guy Francis Laking, A Record of European Armour and Arms through seven centuries, Volume 1, Volumes 1-6 (including A Record of Armour Sales 1881-1924), Cambridge, 1920

Lavery 1989

B. Lavery, “Carronades and Blomefield Guns”, in Robert D. Smith, British Naval Armaments, HM Tower of London, London, 1989

Lhoste & Resek 2001

Jean Lhoste & Patrick Resek, Les Sabres portés par l’Armée Française, France, 2001

Mondadori Electa 1995

Mondadori Electa, Col Ferro Col Fuoco: Robe di Artigi Ieria nella Cittadella di Torino, Torino, 1995

Müller & Kölling 1990

Heinrich Müller & Hartmut Kölling, Europäische Hieb-und Stichwaffen aus der Sammlung des Museums für Deutsche Geschichte, Berlin, 1990

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Museo Poldi Pezzoli 1985

Museo Poldi Pezzoli, Musei e Gallerie di Milano. Armeria I, Milan, 1985

Netzer & Krull 1980

Susanne Netzer and Ebba Krull, Welt im Umbruch Augsburg zwischen Renaissance und Barock, Augsburg, 1980

Norman 1980

A. V. B. Norman, The Rapier and Small-Sword, 1460-1820, London, 1980

Norman 1986

A. V. B. Norman, Wallace Collection Catalogues: European Arms and Armour Supplement, London, 1986

Orisaka, Taelman and Anseeuw 2010 Orikasa, Taelman and Anseeuw, Helmets of the Saotome School, Lauwe, 2010 Post 1944

Dr. Paul Post (ed.), Zeitschrift für Historische Waffen- und Kostümkunde, 5. Band der neuen Folge (14. der Gesamtfolge), Graz, 1944

Puype 1996

Jan Piet Puype, The Visser Collection. Arms of the Netherlands in the collection of H.L.Visser. Volume 1, Parts 1-3, Amsterdam, 1996

Reverseau 1982

Jean-Pierre Reverseau, Musee de l’Armee Paris, Paris, 1982

Reverseau 1982

Jean-Pierre Reverseau, Les armures des Rois de France au Musee de l’Armee, Paris, 1982

Richardson 2004

Thom Richardson, The London Armourers in the 17th century, Royal Armouries, Leeds, 2004

Rustkämmer 2012

Rustkämmer (Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden), Churfurstliche Guardie: die Sachsischen Kurfursten und ihre Leibgarden im Zeitalter der Reformation, Dresden, 2012

Skelton 1830

Joseph Skelton, Engraved Illustrations of Antient Armour, from the Collection at Goodrich Court, London, 1830

Southwick 2001

Leslie Southwick, London Silver-hilted Swords, their makers, suppliers and allied traders, with directory, Leeds, 2001

Syndram & Brink 2013

Dirk Syndram & Claudia Brink (eds.), Die Königliche Jagdresidenz Hubertusburg und der Frieden von 1763, Dresden, 2013

Tiroler Landesmuseum 1954

Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Die Innsbrucker Plattnerkunst Katalog, Innsbruck, 1954

Troso 1988

Mario Troso, Le Armi in Asta. Delle Fanterie Europee (1000-1500), Novara, Italy, 1988

Ullmann 1962

Konrad Ullmann, “Zur Frage der Stillmermale an Niederdeutschen Plattnerarbeiten”, Waffen und Kostumkünde Volume 5, 1963

Wegeli 1905

Rudolf Wegeli, Katalog der Waffen-Sammlung im Zeughause zu Solothurn, Solothurn, 1905 v


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Eastern Arms & Armour THE PROPERTY OF A COLLECTOR

1 A JAPANESE W.W.II OFFICER’S SWORD (KATANA) WITH EARLIER BLADE with curved single-edged blade retaining its even hamon, plain tang pierced with three mekugi-ana, regulation tsuba, kabuto-gane, and fuchi with a silver fan mon, in its regulation saya 70.0 cm; 27 ½ in blade £1000-1200 2 A JAPANESE SWORD (CHISA KATANA) with very slightly curved single-edged blade with wavy hamon, tang signed ‘Bishu Okayama ju Fujiwara Masanaga’ and pierced with a single mekugi-ana (small chips and areas of staining), iron tsuba decorated with flowers in soft metal, fabric-bound sharkskincovered grip with a pair of serpent menuki and iron kabuto-gane and fuchi each decorated with birds and flowers in soft metal 60.0 cm; 23 ⅝ in £1000-1200 1


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3 A JAPANESE SWORD STAND (KATANA KAKE), MEIJI PERIOD, LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY of dark hardwood, the central portion pierced and carved with an openwork designs of foliage enriched with shell designs of diamonds and a central spray of foliage, with provision for three swords 45.5 cm; 18 in high £500-700 VARIOUS OWNERS 4 A JAPANESE W.W.II SWORD (KATANA) with curved single-edged blade with wavy hamon, signed tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip with regulation gilt-copper mounts including kabuto-gane with silver mon, in regulation scabbard with wooden tag inscribed with the owner’s name ‘Matsuzaka Shinataro’ 70.7 cm; 27 ⅞ in blade £700-900 5 A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA) with curved single-edged blade with wavy hamon, tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, and dated Shoga 18 nen 8 gatsu (1943 August), in shira saya 66.0 cm; 26 in blade £500-700 6 A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA), EDO PERIOD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade with wavy hamon, plain tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, fabric-bound sharkskin-covered grip with gilt-copper mounts including a pair of inset menuki, pierced iron tsuba, in its lacquered saya with matching mounts 68.5 cm; 27 in blade £500-700 7 A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA), EDO PERIOD with curved single-edged blade, plain tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana, WWII Naval hilt and saya of regulation type, the latter retaining some of its fishskin covering (areas of wear the saya with losses) 67 cm; 26 ⅜ in blade ‡ £450-550 8 A JAPANESE SWORD (KATANA) with curved single-edged blade with an even hamon, signed tang pierced with a single mekugi-ana (the edge with small chips), in shira saya 66.5 cm; 26 ¼ in blade ‡ £450-550 9 A JAPANESE W.W.II KATANA AND AN INDIAN TALWAR the first with factory blade of regulation type, signed tang, regulation mounts, in its saya; the second with curved blade and iron hilt of characteristic type, in a later scabbard; and two Japanese katana in earlier style, modern the first: 64.0 cm; 25 ¼ in blade (4) £200-300 10 A JAPANESE SPEAR (NAGINATA) with curved blade formed with two red lacquer filled fullers on each face (worn), tang signed Bushu Shimonara ju Hironobu and pierced with a single hole, on its partially lacquered haft with weighted shoe (now in two pieces, chipped), complete with its black lacquered scabbard painted with a red flowerhead mon (cracked) 42.5 cm; 16 ¾ in £300-500 2


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VARIOUS OWNERS

11 A JAPANESE HELMET (SUJIBACHI KABUTO), EDO PERIOD with iron skull formed of twenty-seven plates profusely studded over its outer surface with cone-shaped rivets widening towards the base, fitted with mabizashi lacquered red on its underside and applied with fabric on the outside, gilt crescent-shaped maedate, shikoro of five lacquered iron lames, the uppermost with fukigaeshi each applied with an engraved brass Chinese bell flower mon, with an early blue lining 16.0 cm; 6 ¼ in high £1400-1800 12 A JAPANESE HELMET (SUJIBACHI KABUTO), EDO PERIOD with iron skull formed of sixty-four plates profusely studded over its outer surface with cone-shaped rivets, fitted with mabizashi lacquered red on its underside and applied with an early collection label (chipped), lacquered maedate formed as a tusked horned monster, shikoro of five gilt lacquered iron lames, the uppermost with gilt fukigaeshi, gilt-brass tehen, and an early blue lining (torn) 17.7 cm; 7 in high £1200-1800 13 A JAPANESE HELMET (SUJIBACHI KABUTO), EDO PERIOD with iron skull formed of sixteen plates profusely studded over its outer surface with cone-shaped rivets, fitted with mabizashi lacquered red on its underside, lacquered maedate formed as a monstrous horned cat, shikoro of four lacquered iron lames, the uppermost with fukigaeshi each applied with an engraved brass Sumi ni shoji mon, with an early blue lining 15.2 cm; 6 in high £1200-1800 14 A JAPANESE WAR HAT (JINGASA), EDO PERIOD of woven rounded form, the outer surface blackened, the inside lacquered red and retaining its lining, with brass and iron fittings (iron corroded) 10.0 cm; 4 in high £150-200

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THE PROPERTY OF A COLLECTOR 15 A FINE JAPANESE HELMET (HOSHI SUJIBACHI KABUTO) BY SAOTOME IYECHIKA, EDO PERIOD, MID-17TH CENTURY with very well formed iron skull of sixty-two plates profusely studded over its outer surface with cone-shaped rivets widening towards the base, fitted with mabizashi lacquered red on its underside, shikoro of five lacquered iron lames, the uppermost with fukigaeshi, five stage tehen-kanamono in shakudo-nanako, shakudo and gilt copper, the fukurin of the fukigaeshi and mabizashi of shakudo-nanako with gilt foliage in low relief, the inside of the bowl gilt and signed ‘Joshu ju Saotome Iyechika’ at the back, with an early padded lining 29.5 cm; 11 ⅝ in high Provenance An Important East Coast Collection, sold Christie’s New York, 20 March 1985, lot 18 Roger Weston collection, Chicago For other helmets by this armourer see Orikasa, Taelman and Anseeuw, 2010, pp. 80-81 and 84-85 £15000-20000

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VARIOUS OWNERS 16 A JAPANESE FACE DEFENCE (MEMPO) of dark lacquered iron, red on the inside, fitted with a pair of pierced ears, separate nose and with moustache, and yodarekake of three lacquered iron lames 24.0 cm; 9 ½ in £350-450 17 A JAPANESE ‘RESSEI STYLE’ FACE DEFENCE (MEMPO) of dark lacquered iron, red on the inside, fitted with a pair of pierced ears, separate red lacquered nose with moustache (perhaps associated), mouth aperture with ‘teeth’, and yodarekake of three lacquered iron lames 24.5 cm; 9 ⅝ in high £350-450 18 A JAPANESE ‘TENGU’ FACE DEFENCE (MEMPO) of dark lacquered iron, red on the inside, with embossed ‘ressei’ wrinkles, fitted with a pair of pierced ears, separate red lacquered nose (perhaps associated), and yodarekake of four lacquered iron lames 28.5 cm; 11 ¼ in high Tengu is a mythical character in Japanese folklore with a characteristic beaked nose. Though mischievous and known to play tricks on humans they are also considered a protective forces. See Ogawa, et al, 2011, no. 47 £350-450

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THE PROPERTY OF A COLLECTOR 19 A FINE JAPANESE SADDLE (KURA) AND MATCHING STIRRUPS (ABUMI), MUROMACHI PERIOD, THE SADDLE DATED BUNAN 2, 15TH CENTURY, THE LACQUER EDO PERIOD, 19TH CENTURY the kura incised with the date and the maker’s kao on the base, the front and back decorated in gold hiramakie and takamakie with birds-of-prey and scrollwork, the abumi of characteristic form, decorated en suite, and all remaining in very good and little used condition throughout (small cracks and very minor losses) the saddle: 27.4 cm; 10 ¾ in high (3) £5000-7000 20 A JAPANESE SADDLE (KURA) DATED KANBUN 8 NEN (1668) NOVEMBER, AUSPICIOUS DAY AND ASSOCIATED STIRRUPS (ABUMI), EDO PERIOD, 19TH CENTURY the kura painted with the date and a kao on the base, the greater part of its surface decorated in aogai-nashiji, and with a shell design at the front and back, the abumi of small size, decorated over their outer surface with an arrangement of expanded flowerheads within octagonal frames, and the interiors lacquered gold and all in very good and little used condition throughout (small cracks and very minor losses) the saddle: 27.5 cm; 10 ¾ in high (3) The size of the abumi suggests that they were made for a woman or a youth £4000-6000

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VARIOUS OWNERS 21 A RARE POMMEL PLATE FROM A SADDLE, EASTERN TIBETAN OR CHINESE, POSSIBLY 17TH-18TH CENTURY of pierced and chiselled iron, the outer face decorated with a jewel motif flanked by a pair of dragons on a ground of scrollwork, regaining minute traces of soft metal decoration, in russet condition overall (one terminal slightly chipped) 27.0 cm; 10 ⅝ in high Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002) A very similar pommel plate is preserved in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. See Larocca 2006, p. 226, cat. no. 119 £150-250

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22 A CHINESE SHORTSWORD, WARRING STATES PERIOD, 475-221 B.C in excavated condition, with broad double-edged blade of hollow-diamond section, integral hilt comprising low triangular cross-piece, slightly concave pommel, and the grip interrupted by two circular mouldings, and in stable green patinated condition throughout 46.5 cm; 18 ⅜ in blade £400-600 23 A BURMESE SWORD (DHA), LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade decorated with figures in traditional costume, inscriptions and foliage in silver over much of its surface, wooden grip encased in sheet silver decorated en suite (pommel missing), in its copper-mounted scabbard with suspension cords 62.5 cm; 24 ⅝ in blade £150-200 24 A BHUTANESE DAGGER, LATE 19TH CENTURY with sharply tapering single-edged blade, the hilt with parcel gilt openwork iron pommel decorated with a geometrical design on one face and with a jewel design on the other 40.0 cm; 15 ¾ in blade £100-150 25 A SULAWESI DAGGER (KRIS), LATE 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY with pattern-welded blade applied with gold over the aring, gilt selut set with colourless pastes, carved ivory grip decorated with traditional scrollwork and ‘beaked’ pommel, in its scabbard with carved wrangka 38.7 cm; 15 ¼ in blade £120-180

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26 AN HISTORIC INDIAN STANDARD FINIAL 'ALAM, WITH INSCRIPTIONS TO THE COMMANDER OF THE BATTLE OF PATALIN, SALAR AGHA HARDAR, DATED HIJRA 1200(?), CIRCA 1785-6 with tapering two-stage head formed with a rounded base enclosed by an applied brass frame, a pair of upturned basal lugs, each issuant from an applied brass monsterhead, the terminal blade of flattened-diamond section, the base engraved with an inscription on each face enclosed by a further inscription formed, one face with the date (unclear, perhaps 1200 or 1256) and tapering faceted socket (areas of pitting), with a perspex stand and a file of correspondence concerning the inscriptions 46.8 cm; 18 ⅜ in overall The inscriptions read as follows: First side, in the margin: “Call upon Ali who causes wonders, You will find him helpful in misfortune, All anguish, all sorrow will disappear, Through your prophethood Oh Muhammad, through your friendship Oh Ali, Oh Ali, Oh Ali.” In the centre: “There is no youth (as brave as) Ali, no sword (as sharp as) dhu’l-faqar. The image will materialize and victory will strike manifestly. On The Preserver.” Second side, in the margin: The names of the 12 Imams, preceded by Allah, and Muhammad. In the centre: “The year 1200 of hijra/(1785-6). The commander of the battle of Patalin (?),Salar Agha Haydar. Oh The Guardian.” ‘Patalin’ is perhaps an abbreviation for Seringapatam, a supposition that is reinforced by the name Agha Haydar, a possible reference to Tipu Sultan’s father, Haidar Ali. Tipu ceased to use the Hijri era in this year, 1200/1785-6, it being replaced by the Mauludi dating system in which the numbers are reversed. Another reading of the inscription suggests that Patalan is a corruption of the word paltan, for Battalion. This second interpretation would suggest a reading as follows: Hujiri year 1200. Sardar Jang Battalion Commander of Aghar Haidar. One Ghansi Mian (died 1800) is recorded with the title Salar Jang in the service of the Nizam of Hyderabad.

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£5000-7000

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27 AN INDIAN SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER, LATE 19TH CENTURY with tapering single-edged blade, tapering hardwood grip with a large embossed silver ferrule (cracked) and cap pommel, in its fabric-covered wooden scabbard with large silver locket and chape each pierced and engraved with flowers and foliage, the latter fitted with long plaited silver chain 20.5 cm; 8 in blade £400-600 28 AN INDIAN DAGGER WITH CARVED JADE HILT, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY with curved single-edged watered steel blade, engraved silvergilt ferrule, carved jade grip decorated with foliage in low relief, in its fabric-covered wooden scabbard with silver mounts decorated with flowers and scrolls 25.0 cm; 9 ⅞ in blade £300-500 29 AN INDIAN DAGGER (CHILANUM), 17TH CENTURY with recurved blade formed with a reinforced tip and a pair of tapering fullers on each face (pitted), shaped forte retaining traces of copper inlay, shaped tang with near elliptical pommel, and a pair of later wooden grips 27.5 cm; 10 ¾ in blade £300-500 10

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30 AN INDIAN DAGGER (PESH-KABZ); A MOROCCAN DAGGER (JAMBIYA) AND A NORTH AFRICAN KNIFE, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY the first with recurved blade of T-section, and green stone grip, in its scabbard; the second of characteristic type, in its silvercoloured metal scabbard; and the third with straight fullered blade silver ferrule retaining traces of enamel, and rhinoceros horn grip, in a leather-covered scabbard the first: 23.5 cm; 9 ¼ in blade (3) ⦿ £250-350 31 A BALKAN DAGGER (BICHAQ), A TURKISH DAGGER AND AN INDIAN DAGGER (KHANJAR), 19TH/20TH CENTURIES the first with straight single-edged blade engraved along the back-edge, engraved back-strap, a pair of characteristic ivory grip-scales in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with white metal mounts; the second with slender blade double-edged over the upper two thirds, stone grip inlaid with gold and brass pommel set with a turquoise, in its scabbard; and the third with single-edged blade and silver-covered grip formed as an elephant’s head, in its scabbard the first: 24.0 cm; 9 ½ in blade (3) ⦿ £300-500


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34 33

32 AN INDIAN DAGGER (PESH-KABZ), 19TH CENTURY with tapering reinforced blade of T-section, encrusted with silver flowers and scrolls at the forte and along the lower portion of the back-edge, engraved silvered hilt decorated en suite, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with large silver locket decorated en suite with the hilt 23.0 cm; 9 ⅛ in blade

34 AN IMPERIAL OTTOMAN DAGGER, TURKEY, W.W.I., CIRCA 1914-18 of regulation type, with double-edged blade engraved with the date and tughra on one face and with a brief inscription on the other, brass hilt, in its brass-encased scabbard (hilt and scabbard now silvered) 20.7 cm; 8 ¼ in blade

£400-600

£300-500

33 A LARGE INDIAN DAGGER (KATAR), EARLY 19TH CENTURY with strongly tapering blade with reinforced tip, formed with a pair of converging finely watered fullers, chiselled on each face of the forte with an elephant’s head, silver-plated iron hilt of characteristic form (the silver lifting in areas and with small losses), formed of a pair of faceted moulded grip bars and long side bars 29.5 cm; 11 ⅝ in blade

35 EIGHT INDIAN DAGGERS (KATAR), 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY AND OTHER EDGED WEAPONS the first eight of characteristic form (worn, cleaned, areas of pitting); four gurkha kukri knives, 20th century, on in its scabbard; two African arm daggers, each in its scabbard; a powder-flask; an Indian talwar, with shortened blade, two further daggers, two African spears, each on its haft and two modern Indian ceremonial style maces the first approximately 44.0 cm; 17 ⅜ in (22)

‡ £400-600

£150-200 36 SIX INDIAN SWORDS (TALWAR), 18TH/19TH CENTURY with curved blades and hilts of characteristic form, one hilt chiselled with foliage, two with scabbards 78.5 cm; 31 in blades approximately (6) £80-120

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37 37 AN INDIAN SWORD, 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade chiselled with exotic beasts including elephants, antelope pursued by tigers and rams all enriched with gold over the greater part of its surface on each face, finely carved ivory hilt with horsehead pommel (cracks, one ear chipped), enriched with coloured pastes and turquoise on each side with small expanded flowerheads, the base encircled by a pierced gilt-brass band decorated with flowers and foliage, in its fabric-covered wooden scabbard with parcel gilt iron mounts 65.0 cm; 25 ⅝ in blade ⦿ £1200-1800 38 AN INDIAN AXE (TABAR), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with wedge-shaped head formed with a slightly curved cutting edge, punched with a brief inscription on one face and on the rectangular rear pean, on its wooden haft fitted with a long iron fillet passing through the head, and iron shoe with moulded terminal 50.5 cm; 19 ⅞ in overall ‡ £350-450

38

39

39 A CAUCASIAN SILVER-MOUNTED SHORTSWORD (KINDJAL), LATE 19TH CENTURY with broad double-edged blade formed with an off-set fuller over the greater part of its length on each face, the front decorated with scrolls of foliage at the tip and over the forte, the latter beneath a panel of script and struck with a starshaped bladesmith’s mark, iron hilt encased in silver beadwork, fitted with a pair of horn grip-scales retained by iron rivets over silver washers, probably coins, in its leathercovered wooden scabbard with large silver locket and chape each chased with flowers and foliage, the locket with a calligraphic panel top and bottom and fitted with an iron band for suspension beneath decorated with gold and silver flowers 60.4 cm; 23 ¾ in blade The inscriptions read ‘az hush-e falatun damesh tiztar / az abru-ye deldar khun-riztar’, in translation, “It’s blade is sharper than the wit of Plato, And sheds more blood than the eyebrow of the beloved.” £450-650 40 AN INDIAN AXE (ZAGHNAL), LATE 19TH CENTURY with slightly curved head of diamond-section chiselled at the base with a figure in traditional dress above an openwork panel involving a pair of addorsed beasts, rear pean formed as an elephant, iron socket, on a wooden haft (repaired) 54.0 cm; 21 ¼ in ‡ £200-300 41 AN INDO-PERSIAN MACE, LATE 19TH CENTURY with bulbous head of six shaped flanges (loose), each decorated with silver koftgari, tall pyramidal terminal spike, and iron haft with two globular mouldings at the base 66.0 cm; 26 in overall

12

‡ £250-350


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42

43

44

42 A SOUTH INDIAN RAPIER, PROBABLY 17TH CENTURY in heavily patinated condition, with associated slender blade of flattened-diamond section, iron hilt including a pair of langets extending over the base of the blade, figure-of-eight shaped guard extending out at the base to form a pair of medial points, disc pommel with remains of a pierced inset rondel panel on the top, and moulded button 113.5 cm; 44 ¾ in blade £600-800 43 A SOUTH INDIAN MEDIEVAL SWORD, POSSIBLY 12TH/13TH CENTURY in extensively patinated condition, with broad blade with remnants of a low knob in the centre of the back-edge, iron hilt including a pair of langets extending over the lower portion of the blade and figure-of-eight shaped guard each decorated with punched ornament, and later wooden pommel 64.5 cm; 25 ⅜ in blade Provenance Anthony North (1942-2012), Curator of Metalwork, the Victoria & Albert Museum, sold in these rooms, 30 June 2010, lot 83 (part) For swords of this form see Elgood 2005, pp. 83-5 £400-600 44 AN INDIAN DECCAN BROADSWORD (KHANDA), 16TH CENTURY with broad flat pattern-welded blade widening towards the tip, steel hilt comprising a pair of shaped panels extending over the lower portion of the blade, two short arms probably for blade catching, figure-of-eight shaped guard applied beneath with a pair of silver lines, and cup-shaped pommel, and the lower part of the hilt engraved with scrolls and flowers (worn, areas of pitting) 78.0 cm; 30 ¾ in blade A sword of very similar form is preserved in the Victoria and Albert Museum, (1425-1855). See P.S. Rawson 1968, ill. 40 £1000-1500

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45

46

47

45 AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR), 19TH CENTURY with curved single-edged blade chiselled with exotic animals and hunters in an almost full length panel on one face and animals in combat on the other, iron hilt of characteristic form enriched with silver (losses), in its fabric-covered wooden scabbard 65.5 cm; 25 ¾ in blade

48 TWO INDIAN SWORDS (FIRANGI), LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY each with long double-edged blade, characteristic hilt with broad knuckle-guard, attenuated pommel and iron grip (the iron parts heavily cleaned), each in a fabric-covered scabbard, together with two further scabbards 83.0 cm; 32 ¾ in the longer blade

£400-600

(4) £80-120

46 AN INDIAN SWORD (KHANDA), 19TH CENTURY with broad heavy blade double-edged for its last third, flaring towards a ‘snake’s head’ tip, encrusted with brass figures, exotic animals and flowers within linear frames on each face, iron hilt of talwar form, decorated over its surface with silver niello flowers and foliage 68.5 cm; 27 in blade ‡ £350-450 47 AN OTTOMAN SWORD (YATAGHAN), TURKEY, CIRCA 1880-90 with slightly curved single-edged blade decorated with a tughra and four panels of calligraphic inscriptions on one face and with a geometric pattern on the other (worn), the back edge with the date (worn, probably 1300 AH), gilt-brass hilt chased with flowers and a fluted design, and a pair of marine ivory grip-scales (age cracks) 59.0 cm; 23 ¼ in blade ⦿ £350-450

49 TWO INDIAN SWORDS (TALWAR), LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY the first with curved single-edged European blade doubleedged towards the point, iron hilt including pierced langets, recurved knuckle-guard with bud-shaped finial, and large disc pommel; the second similar, the hilt involving a figure-of-eight shaped guard and broad knuckle-guard the first: 74.5 cm; 29 ⅜ in blade (2) £120-180 50 AN INDIAN SWORD (TALWAR) AND ANOTHER SWORD, 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first with curved fullered blade double-edged towards the point, iron hilt chiselled with flowers and foliage in low relief and enriched with gold; the second with yataghan blade engraved with a brief inscription on one face, white metal hilt with later bone grip, in a later North African white metal scabbard the first: 82.0 cm; 32 ¼ in (2) £200-300

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51 AN INDIAN SCABBARD FOR AN EXECUTIONER’S SWORD (TEGHA), 19TH CENTURY of fabric-covered wood 101.0 cm; 39 ¾ in £40-60 52 AN OTTOMAN SWORD (SHAMSHIR), TURKEY, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY with curved fullered blade double-edged towards the point, white metal hilt comprising border-engraved cross-piece with scrolling quillons, back-strap, and horn grip, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with white metal locket decorated en suite, with a Turkish star and crescent motif on the outer face, and iron chape with traces of gold koftgari; together with a contemporary military photograph the first: 79.0 cm; 31 ⅛ in blade (2)

53

£250-300 53 AN ARAB SILVER-MOUNTED JAMBIYA, EARLY 20TH CENTURY with curved double-edged blade formed with a medial ridge (rust, small chips), silver-mounted rhinoceros horn grip (one small chip), in its leathercovered wooden scabbard with silver locket, the front enriched with gold and silver thread and complete with its belt 17.2 cm; 6 ¾ in blade Provenance Basil Seager CMG OBE (1898-1977), British Political Officer of the Western Aden Protectorate from 1940 ⦿ £250-350 54 A CARVED AFRICAN STOOL OF ASHANTI TYPE AND A HIDE BUCKET, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first with characteristic curved seat, pierced stem and stepped base, decorated throughout with chip-carved designs, the seat and stem each pierced with rows of shaped apertures; the second of stitched hide, with a vertical seam, turned brim, pierced aperture for lifting, and the base fixed with large domed studs the first: 40.5 cm; 16 in high (2)

54

Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002) £250-350 55 AN AFRICAN IVORY OLIPHANT, A SKIRT, BOX, A NORTH AFRICAN FIRE-STEEL, AND AN IRON IMPLEMENT, 19TH CENTURY the first carved as a birds head, with mouth-piece on the inner edge, and in rich brown patinated condition, the second possibly from a mask, of natural fibre tied around hide at the top; the third of rattan; the fourth with iron striker, leather pouch and brass suspension loop; and the last possibly for agricultural use 29.5 cm; 11 ⅝ in overall (5) Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002) ⦿ £120-180

55 15


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56

56 A RARE NORTH AFRICAN CAMEL SADDLE, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY formed of iron-clad wood, with two basal rails and three arched supports each retained by a pair of filed and punched brass brackets, the principal surfaces decorated with shaped brass and iron plaques, and the pommel encased in white metal 136.5 cm; 53 ¾ in overall Saddles of similar form were used by Napoleon’s Dromadaire (camel) regiment in the Egyptian campaign of 1798. Another example is preserved in the Army Museum, Paris. £500-800 57 AN AFRICAN SPEAR, 19TH CENTURY with leaf-shaped head formed with a medial ridge and tapering socket, on its wooden haft (warped) with iron shoe 49.5 cm; 19 ½ in head £60-80 58 AN AFRICAN SILVER-MOUNTED DAGGER, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY, SIERRA LEONE with single-edged blade chiselled at the forte, carved bone grip with large silver ferrule at the base and brass pommel cap, in a crocodile skin scabbard 31.7 cm; 12 ½ in blade A similar dagger is preserved in the British Museum, Af1993,02.170 £100-150 59 AN AFRICAN DAGGER AND A BURMESE DHA, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first with leaf-shaped blade, elliptical iron guard, faceted bone grip, in its carved wooden scabbard; the second with curved single-edged blade with traces of silver decoration, embossed white metal hilt, horn grip, in its red-painted white metal mounted scabbard the first: 23.0 cm; 9 in blade (2) £100-150 16


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60 A MEXICAN SWORD (BOLOS), DATED 1920, PROBABLY COMMEMORATING THE VISIT OF EDWARD, PRINCE OF WALES TO MEXICO with broad single-edged blade inscribed ‘God Save the King’, ‘Remenber [sic]: AR Del G Negrete L G Murillo Mexican West Coast’ and ‘Albert Prince of Wales’ on the other, and carved horn grip, together with a letter from the Royal archives and copies of press cuttings concerning the event 65.5 cm; 25 ¾ in blade £100-150 61 TWO INDO-PERSIAN HELMETS (KULAH-KHUD), 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first with rounded skull embossed with a demonic mask at the front, fitted with central blade-like spike, a pair of horns, sliding nasal and a portion of its mail neck-defence; the second with ribbed rounded skull, central plume-holder, and a pair of further plume-holders either side of the sliding nasal, each fixed on a wooden stand (worn) the first: 44.5 cm; 17 ½ in high, including stand (2) £350-450 62 AN INDIAN SHIELD (DHAL), LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY of concave form, the outer face decorated with tigers and hunter’s mounted on elephants, the inner with its pad and four iron rings for enarmes 46.0 cm; 18 ⅛ in diameter £150-200 63 AN ABORIGINAL SPEAR THROWER (WUMMERAH), 19TH CENTURY with slender hardwood body widening to a spatulate terminal, fitted at the other end with a peg bound with fibre and gum 99.7 cm; 39 ¼ in overall Provenance The Earls of Macclesfield, Shirburn Castle, Oxfordshire £200-300 64 A MAORI STAFF (TIAHA) with carved tiki head finial sparsely decorated with characteristic scrolls and mouldings, and shell eyes (two shells missing, worn) 122.5 cm; 48 ¼ in overall Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002) £120-180

63

64 17


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65

66

65 A 60 BORE MATCHLOCK GUN, 19TH CENTURY PROBABLY CHINESE with tapering barrel formed in three stages, encased in chased copper around the muzzle and fitted with brass fore-sight, octagonal breech with screw-in pan (one screw missing, the cover associated), brass action fitted with iron serpentine, darkwood full stock carved over the greater part of its surface with scaly dragons, the butt fitted with bone cap and with a brief inscription on the right, and iron ramrod 87.5 cm; 34 ½ in barrel ‡ £500-800 66 A 6 BORE INDIAN MATCHLOCK GUN, 19TH CENTURY with heavy sighted barrel encrusted with silver scrolls, flowers, foliage and chevrons (losses), retained by a pair of engraved brass bands, the breech fitted with pan with pivot-cover and incorporating the back-sight, a further band of silver behind, iron action retained by five iron rivets with silver flowerhead washers, full stock, faceted butt inlaid with bone bouquets and shaped panels and iron trigger (areas of pitting throughout) 108.5 cm; 42 ¾ in barrel £400-600 67 A 7 BORE INDIAN MATCHLOCK MUSKET, 19TH CENTURY with heavy sighted barrel retained by three slender brass bands, fitted at the breech with integral pan with pivot-cover, standing back-sight, enclosed action with rudimentary serpentine and shaped trigger, the former fitted with later match cord, full stock set with decorative white metal washers around the action (pricker missing), applied behind the tang with a large piece of carved bone and bone butt-plate (chipped) 109.2 cm; 43 in barrel £120-180 68 A 22 BORE ARAB SILVER-MOUNTED MATCHLOCK MUSKET, 19TH CENTURY AND A PERCUSSION MUSKET AND A NORTH AFRICAN SNAPHAUNCE MUSKET the first with russet barrel retained by a large silver band and numerous slender bands, iron action and wooden stock (heavily corroded and worn); the second probably of native manufacture; the third probably for the tourist market the first: 118.0 cm; 46 ½ in barrel (3) £150-200 18


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69

70

69 A .600 CALIBRE TURKISH MIQUELET-LOCK RIFLE, DATED 1229 AH, CIRCA 1814/15 with octagonal sighted twist barrel rifled with nine grooves, retained by five slender and four shaped engraved silver bands, chiselled with a shaped panel encrusted with gold flowers and foliage at the muzzle and breech (light wear), the former fitted with standing back-sight pierced with four apertures, steel tang decorated en suite, steel lock of characteristic form encrusted with gold flowers including the date on the underside of the mainspring (light wear), highly figured burrwood full stock, inlaid over the fore-end and around the lock with brass rondels enriched with minute brass nails, shaped butt (now in two pieces), formed of contrasting panels of green-stained horn, bone and dark hardwood, inlaid with rondels and nails en suite with the fore-end (minor repairs), green-stained barrel bolt escutcheons, trigger-plate and fore-end cap (small chip), and original steel ramrod 72.5 cm; 28 ½ in barrel £2500-3000 70 A 16 BORE ALGERIAN SILVER-MOUNTED TOE-LOCK MUSKET, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY with long octagonal sighted barrel struck with Birmingham proof marks at the breech, retained by five pierced silver bands repoussé with foliage, characteristic lock overlaid with a brass plaque, the cock and bridle each encrusted with silver scrollwork, figured walnut full stock with fish-tail butt, inlaid over its entire surface with large silver plaques pierced with designs of scrollwork and foliage (some lifting), small moulded silver baluster trigger, silver butt-cap (small chips), and original silver-tipped ramrod 142.5 cm; 56 ⅛ in barrel £1200-1500

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Antiquities VARIOUS OWNERS 71 A BRONZE SHORTSWORD, CIRCA 1100-800 B.C. in excavated condition, cast in one piece, with double-edged blade formed with a long medial ridge (one edge extensively chipped), slightly flared towards the base and cut with short recesses at the sides, wide flat tang pierced with holes for attaching a grip, and in largely untouched patinated condition throughout 70.0 cm; 27 ⅝ in blade £350-450 72 A RARE NORTH-WEST PERSIAN (LURISTAN) BRONZE HORSE BIT, FIRST MILLENIUM B.C. comprising a pair of pierced side panels formed as a mountain goat, each formed with a loop at the rear and a further loop and a pair of spikes on the inside, cylindrical mouth piece with re-curved terminals, the inside painted with an inventory number ‘M.N.P.10.70’, and in patinated condition throughout 17.0 cm; 6 ¾ in A related example is recorded in the collection of David-Weill see A. Godard 1931, pl.XLVI, No. 176 £400-600

71

73 TWO FRAGMENTARY BRONZE HINGES, PROBABLY ROMAN 2ND-4TH CENTURY A.D. each with pierced stylised plant(?) design, the larger in two hinged sections, the smaller with projecting serpent head motifs 17.0 x 11.0 cm and smaller (2, the larger with two detached elements) Provenance Said to have been excavated near Aix -en-Provence, Sumner Healey, New York, circa 1930 John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 238

72

‡ £120-180 74 A MISCELLANEOUS GROUP OF ANTIQUITIES comprising a Roman lead pyxis (cylindrical box), 3rd-4th century AD, an Iron Razor, probably Roman, the rectangular blade with tapered handle and plate finial; a Bronze Ferrule, Britain, probably late Bronze Age; a Bronze Key, Byzantine or later, and a Grey Stone Celt, of rounded triangular form the second: 12.5 cm; 5 in and smaller (5) Provenance The third: Sumner Healey New York 30 April 1929 The fourth: Azeez Khayat New York 5 June 1928 found by him in Nazareth The last: gift to the Armoury by H. C. Hosier Braeside Wyoming Avenue South Orange New Jersey

73

John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, sold in these rooms, 20 March 2013, lot 128 £150-200

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European Edged Weapons VARIOUS OWNERS 75 A RARE SWORD, RUSSIAN OR EASTERN EUROPEAN, 9TH/10TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with long straight blade double-edged for the last 18cm, the forte enclosed by a shaped panel extending over the edge of the blade on each side, slightly grooved tang pierced with three holes and retaining a pair of rivets for attaching the grips, straight cross-piece formed of a pair of spatulate quillons of differing length and a central diamond-shaped panel on each side 110.0 cm; 43 ¼ in blade The most famous sword from this distinctive group is the socalled sword of Charlemagne preserved in the former Imperial Schatzkammer, Vienna, inv. no. WS XIII 5. A similar sword is preserved in the Hungarian National Museum, Budapest. For a discussion of these swords see Kalmár 1935/6, pp. 150-55 £1000-1200 76 A RARE SWORD, RUSSIAN OR EASTERN EUROPEAN, 9TH/10TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with long straight blade double-edged for the last 20.0 cm, the forte enclosed by a shaped panel extending over the edge of the blade on each side, iron hilt comprising a pair of short quillons with flattened spatulate terminals, a small diamond-shaped panel in the centre on one side, tall flattened cap pommel, and retaining a very small portion of its original grip 102.2 cm; 40 ¼ in blade See footnote to previous lot £1500-2000 77 A RARE SWORD, RUSSIAN OR EASTERN EUROPEAN, 9TH/10TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with long straight blade of flattened diamond-section, double-edged for the last 16.5 cm, straight cross-piece formed of a pair of very short quillons with pointed terminals and a central diamond-shaped panel on each side, tall bronze pommel of flattened pear-shaped form, and the tang retaining a single rivet and a small portion of its grip 75.0 cm; 29 ½ in blade

77

See footnote to previous lot £1500-2000

76

75

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78 A MEDIEVAL SWORD, 12TH CENTURY in excavated condition, with broad flat blade formed with a three-quarter length fuller on each face inlaid in silver with two crosses enclosing a brief inscription on one face at the forte (small losses), later iron cross-guard, and associated brazil nut pommel 94.5 cm; 37 ¼ in blade The blade conforms to Oakeshott type XII £1000-1500 79 A FINE AND RARE BROADSWORD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 15TH CENTURY, PROBABLY VENETIAN with straight double-edged blade of pronounced flattened section, stamped with a series of small marks within a broad central fuller between a pair of slender fullers over the lower third on each side, steel hilt comprising rear quillon with flattened globular terminal formed with an additional bar curling along the plane of the blade, forward quillon extending at a right angle to form the knuckle-guard and drawn-out at the base to form an additional loop-guard, the knuckle-guard of flattened section and cut with pairs of decorative notched lines, square pommel drawn-out on each side to a raised central moulding, and wooden grip, perhaps the original (the steel parts with areas of patination and light pitting, the grip with worm damage) 92.8 cm; 36 in blade A large number of similar swords are preserved in the Armoury of the Doges Palace, Venice, one such example is struck with the same series of marks on the blade (inv. no. A300). Other examples are preserved in the Hofjagd- und Rüstkammer, Vienna. A number of the swords in the Doge’s Palace are impressed ‘CX’ on the grip for the Consiglio Dieci. The Council of Ten was established in 1310 following a revolt and was intended as a temporary Government body. However, it became permanent in 1334 with powers that increased substantially and, a century later, it was overseeing the Republic’s diplomatic and intelligence services as well as managing its military affairs. The hilt is a variant form of Norman type 6. See Norman 1980, pp. 69-70, plate 9, and Franzoi 1990, p. 86, no. 151, figs 43, 217 £3000-3500

79 78

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80 A RARE MILITARY BACKSWORD ‘KATZBALGER’, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR SWISS in excavated condition, with broad blade double-edged for its upper third, formed with two slender fullers along its backedge, tapering rectangular ricasso (slightly bent in profile), steel hilt comprising a pair of very strongly recurved quillons, each formed of a writhen bar with moulded terminal drawn-out to a button-shaped finial, small ring-guard interrupted by a series of spherical mouldings, inner-guard of a single diagonal bar joined to the quillon-block by a short arm, knuckle-guard and an additional outer-guard each interrupted by a central moulding en suite with the ring-guard, the latter joined to the quillon, and strongly fluted oval pommel decorated with a writhen band (cleaned) 87.7 cm; 34 ½ in blade Swords of this type are extremely rare. Another example with an almost identical hilt is preserved in the Royal Armouries, Leeds (inv. no. IX-898). See A. R. Dufty 1974, p. 17 pl. 17a. A related hilt, lacking the additional front guard, is preserved in the collections of Prince Odescalchi, Rome. (inv. no. 1370). See Carpegna 1969, p. 37 no. 209 £5000-7000

80

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PROPERTY OF MEMBERS OF THE PRUSSIAN ROYAL FAMILY 81 A GERMAN TWO-HAND SWORD IN 15TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with broad heavy double-edged blade formed in two stages, the upper portion of flatteneddiamond section and the lower inlaid with a running wolf mark in latten (losses) on each face, struck with a flower mark on one face at the forte, iron hilt comprising arched cross-piece of flattened-rectangular section, tall faceted pearshaped pommel, and leather-covered grip 96.2 cm; 37 ⅞ in blade £1500-2500

VARIOUS OWNERS 82 A GERMAN TWO-HAND PROCESSIONAL SWORD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY AND LATER with broad double-edged blade tapering to a sharp point, rectangular ricasso incorporating a pair of up-turned lugs, iron hilt of flattened bars, comprising a pair of slightly curved quillons with spatulate terminals each with a pair of slender lugs behind, a further pair of slender downwardcurved lugs, inner and outer ring-guards, and plummet-shaped pommel, and leather-covered wooden grip (losses) 121.2 cm; 47 ⅝ in blade Provenance George L. Maxwell, sold Anderson Galleries, New York, 28 November 1928, lot 270 John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 666 £600-900 83 A SWORD IN EARLY 14TH CENTURY STYLE BY RAVEN ARMOURY, 20TH CENTURY with Oakeshott type X blade, engraved with the rondel logo at the forte, blued iron hilt comprising straight faceted quillons, wheel pommel, and leather-covered grip over cord 85.5 cm; 33 ¾ in blade £400-600

81

82

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84 85 86 84 A FINE SWEPT-HILT RAPIER, CIRCA 1600, PROBABLY ITALIAN with blade of flattened-diamond section, cut with a short fuller and stamped with a cross-mark on each side, rectangular ricasso incised with a line around the border and stamped with two further cross-marks on each side, steel hilt of slender faceted bars, comprising a pair of straight quillons with delicately moulded bases and fluted bud-shaped terminals with a slender moulded collar behind, knuckle-guard with terminal en suite with the quillons, outer ring-guard joined to the knuckle-guard by an additional bar, two lower ring-guards, a pair of arms, fluted écusson, inner-guard of four very slender bars joined to the knuckle-guard by a single bar, the principal bars interrupted by fluted mouldings en suite with the quillons, and fluted ovoid pommel, and with an early grip, probably the original, of alternating bands of plaited copper and silver wire retained by a helical pattern of brass wire and with Turk’s heads 107.0 cm; 42 ⅛ in blade A rapier with a hilt of similar form and closely related decoration is preserved in the Victoria & Albert Museum, London, inv. no. M.104-1929. See Hayward 1963 no. 15 and Boccia & Coelho 1975, no. 561 £5000-7000 85 A GERMAN MILITARY SWORD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with straight blade double-edged towards the tip, formed with a pair of long slender fullers of differing length along the back-edge and stamped with a series of marks, three pairs of sickles and the letters ‘ONO’ arranged vertically with a pair of stars between on each side (the blade tip shortened), blackened steel hilt of ribbon-like bars, comprising a pair of straight quillons with budshaped terminals, outer ring-guard swelling towards the centre, knuckle-guard, an additional forward arm joining the knuckle-guard to the ring and joined to the centre of the knuckle-guard by a further S-shaped bar, a pair of arms joined to the ringguard by a pair of diagonal bars, inner-guard formed of a saltire arrangement of slender rounded bars, faceted plummet-shaped pommel, original leather and rayskin-covered two-stage moulded grip, and retaining some early blackened finish 82.5 cm; 32 in blade This sword belongs to a distinctive group associated with Schloss Ambras, Tyrol. A number of swords in this group have blades by the Bavarian court swordsmith Ulrich Diefstetter. The so-called sickle mark on the present sword is encountered on blades of both Italian and German type: a number are stamped ‘Ferara’ and ‘Genoa’, and further examples are preserved in the Landeszeughaus, Graz £2500-3000 86 A NORTH EUROPEAN PAPPENHEIMER RAPIER, CIRCA 1630 with straight blade of flattened-hexagonal section, stamped ‘INETERNON’ and ‘CONFONDAR’ between a series of decorative marks within a short fuller on the respective faces, rectangular ricasso struck with a crowned F mark three times and a further mark on each side (rubbed), symmetrical steel hilt of faceted bars, comprising straight quillons swelling towards the tips, fluted écusson, knuckle-guard, upper ring-guard joined to the knuckle-guard by an additional bar, lower ring-guard joined to the upper by a pair of short C-shaped bars, fitted with a sprung-in plate pierced with a series of stars, circles and squares and enriched with punched dots, faceted ovoid pommel, and later grip bound with plaited wire and ‘Turks’ heads’ 111.8 cm; 44 in blade £3000-3500

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87

88

89

VARIOUS OWNERS 87 A SWISS CAVALRY SWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with contemporary curved blade double-edged at the point, cut with a slender fuller along its back-edge, engraved with exotic birds, bust profiles, scrolling foliage, and inscriptions including the later date 1665, steel hilt of flattened bars decorated with punched ornament on a stippled ground and comprising down-curved quillon with scrolling terminal, knuckle-guard interrupted by a broad moulding in the centre, outer ring-guard fitted with a sprung-in plate, boldly embossed and chased with stylised acanthus foliage and joined to the pommel by an additional bar en suite with the knuckle-guard, thumb-loop, finely chiselled pommel, and wooden grip retaining some of its early wire binding 91.8 cm; 36 ⅛ in blade Provenance The Moser Collection, Switzerland £2000-2500 88 AN ENGLISH DISH-HILT RAPIER, CIRCA 1630-40 with straight slender blade (the tip slightly shortened), stamped ‘Me Fecit’ and ‘Solingen’ within a deep fuller on the respective faces and pierced with a series of circles and rectangular panels, steel hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with tightly scrolling terminals (restored), cup-guard formed as an eight-petalled flower, drawn-up at the rear to form the knuckle-guard, pierced and chiselled throughout with scrolling tendrils with monster-head terminals, foliage and grotesque masks, globular pommel decorated with foliage and naïve masks, and later grip bound with plaited wire and ‘Turks’ heads’ 89.0 cm; 35 in blade A sword with a hilt of similar form is illustrated in L. Southwick 1982, no. 104, p. 50 £2500-3000 89 AN EAST EUROPEAN SABRE, LATE 17TH/EARLY 18TH CENTURY PROBABLY POLISH with straight blade double-edged towards the point, formed with two long fullers along the back-edge of each face and with traces of the Hapsburg double eagle on on one face and a figure on the other at the forte, iron hilt comprising a pair of quillons with moulded terminals, langets, and horn grip carved with chevron patterns enriched with brass nails (losses) and the back-strap encased in chased silver (worn) 79.0 cm; 31 ⅛ in blade £400-600 26


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THE PROPERTY OF A EUROPEAN NOBLEMAN 90 A FINE GERMAN HUNTING TROUSSE (WEIDBESTECK), SECOND QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY comprising cleaver with heavy single-edged chopping blade, iron hilt chiselled in low relief, comprising a pair of straight quillons decorated with large game, recurved terminals formed as monsterheads, ring-guard decorated on the lower face with a woodland scene involving a boar set upon by a pair of hounds and, on the upper face, a further woodland scene involving a stag set upon by three hounds, integral grip decorated on the inside with a stag hunting scene en suite with the ring and the outer with a hunter in contemporary dress at the base, a panel of engraved silver in the middle on each face, and pommel formed as a maned lionshead with brass tongue, in its fabric-covered wooden scabbard (light wear, shrinkage, now a poor fit) encased in pierced iron, the inner face with two loops for suspension, the outer decorated with a vertical arrangement of stag and boar hunting woodland scenes involving hunters in contemporary dress, plain iron locket (two rivets missing, loose), and complete with its accompanying pieces comprising bodkin with file, three knives of differing length and a fork, each with grip inlaid with an engraved silver panel front and back and chiselled iron lionshead pommel en suite with the cleaver, and remaining in good untouched condition throughout 35.0 cm; 13 ž in cleaver blade A related example formerly in the Meyrick Collection at Goodrich Court, Herefordshire is illustrated Skelton 1854, plate II, figs. 10 and 11. Another, formerly in the collection of Prince Carl of Prussia, is illustrated Hiltl 1876 cat. no. 516 £5000-6000

90

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91

VARIOUS OWNERS

92 91 A RARE CHISELLED IRON SCABBARD FOR A TROUSSE FROM THE SAXON ELECTORAL HUNT, OF JOHAN GEORG II (1613, ELECTOR 1656-80), THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with leather-covered wooden body bound with iron strips, the inner face with a pair of loops for suspension, the outer face with middle band chiselled with foliage, locket and chape decorated with woodland stag hunting scenes (chape missing its ball finial), the locket drawn-out for accompanying pieces (core missing), and pierced with the abbreviated inscription ‘IGDIIHZSGCVBC’ for Johan Georg Herzog II zu Sachsen Gülich Cleve und Berg Chürfurst 51.5 cm; 20 ¼ in A hunting garniture, dated 1662, comprising sword and trousse with similar scabbard, formerly in the Saxon Collections, was sold American Art Association, New York, 23 November 1928, lot 279 £500-800 92 A NORTH GERMAN BOAR SPEAR FROM THE COURT HUNT OF ERNST AUGUST, DUKE OF BRUNSWICK AND LÜNEBURG, ELECTOR OF HANOVER, PRINCE BISHOP OF OSNABRÜCK (1629-1698), LATE 17TH CENTURY with heavy leaf-shaped blade of hollow-diamond section (minor delaminations), socket of hexagonal section engraved with the ducal monogram at the base, on an early oak haft bound with a pattern of leather trellis (toggle missing) 33.0 cm; 13 in head Provenance Schloss Marienburg, Nordstemmen, Germany £2500-3000

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93 A RARE GERMAN BOAR-SWORD (SCHWEIN-DEGEN), LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with leaf-shaped stabbing blade of flattened-diamond section, pierced for a toggle bar at the base (missing), long hollowground shank stamped with a mark, flattened below the hilt to form a rectangular ricasso of flattened-hexagonal section, steel hilt comprising a pair of straight swelling faceted quillons, outer ring-guard, diagonal inner-guard joined to the right quillon by a single arm, and plummet-shaped pommel, and retaining an early two-stage wooden grip with much of its fishskin covering 106.5 cm; 42 in blade A boar-sword of similar construction is preserved in the Deutsches Jagdmuseum, Munich. See Blackmore 1971, no. 5 ÂŁ5000-7000

93 29


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94 94 A GERMAN HUNTING SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY with slightly curved blade double-edged towards a clippedback point, etched and gilt with trophies, the motto ‘V.Pandur’ and a hussar on a blued panel on each side (light wear), steel cross-piece formed with a moulded collar (knuckle-chain missing), moulded pommel-cap, and horn grip stained in imitation of tortoiseshell 50.0 cm; 19 ¾ in blade ⦿ £500-700 95 A RARE HUNTING SWORD WITH TORTOISESHELLVENEERED HILT, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY GERMAN with associated French blade, steel hilt chiselled with geometric ornament, including down-turned shell, moulded quillon with ovoid terminal, knuckle-guard interrupted by a faceted oval moulding, and swelling faceted grip entirely covered with tortoiseshell 77.5 cm; 30 in blade A series of hunting swords with tortoiseshell-veneered grips are preserved in the Stibbert Musuem, Florence ⦿ £500-600 96 A GERMAN SILVER-MOUNTED HUNTING SWORD WITH AGATE GRIP, CIRCA 1730-40 with slender blade tapering to a double-edged point, inlaid with brass flowers and foliage on each face at the forte, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief against a punched ground, comprising a pair of recurved quillons decorated with foliage, quillon-block with scrolling tendrils involving a swan on each side, ferrule and pommel button decorated en suite, and the grip formed of faceted agate 55.5 cm; 21 ⅞ in blade Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002) £400-600 30

95

96 97 A GERMAN COMBINED BAYONET AND HUNTING SWORD, 19TH CENTURY with polished single-edged blade etched with trophies-of-arms and scrolls of foliage over the lower three-quarters on each face, gilt-brass hilt including a pair of straight quillons decorated with foliage and a lion mask on the outer face, the inner with a loop for a muzzle lug corresponding with a further loop behind the cap pommel and retaining its blued spring, natural staghorn grip, in its leather scabbard with gilt-brass locket and chape 52.0 cm; 20 ½ in blade £300-500 98 A FINE FRENCH SILVER-MOUNTED HUNTING SWORD COMMEMORATING THE PEACE OF HUBERTUSBURG, DECORATED WITH PORTRAITS OF MARIE THERESE, EMPRESS OF AUSTRIA AND FREDERICK, KING OF PRUSSIA, DATED 1763 with tapering double-edged blade etched and gilt with a portrait of Marie Therese, Empress of Austria dividing the inscriptions ‘Le 15 Fevrier 1763 de nos’ and ‘deux Hubertsbourg a fait une’ on one face and a portrait of Frederick, King of Prussia dividing the inscriptions ‘depuis ce moment nous’ and ‘renoncons a’ toute rancune’ on the other, the forte signed on both faces ‘de la manufacture de la marque a l’extra-fin a Solingen’ above the mark (the tip with a very small chip), silver hilt comprising a pair of moulded quillons cast and chased with scrolls in low relief, cap pommel, ferrule, and faceted mother-of-pearl grip bound with silver wire and ribband, in its vellum-covered wooden scabbard with silver locket and chape (small cracks) 54.0 cm; 21 ¼ in blade


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Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002)

98

99

The Peace of Hubertusburg between Prussian and Austria and marked the end of the Seven Years’ War. It was signed on 15 February 1763, five days after the Treaty of Paris, and guaranteed that Frederick II the Great maintained his possession of Silesia and confirmed Prussia’s stature as a major European power Schloss Hubertusburg was the hunting palace of August III, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland. Completed in 1752 it was sumptuously furnished and was the venue for court festivities until the outbreak of the Seven Years War. In 1761 its entire contents were destroyed by plundering Prussian troops. See Syndram and Brink (ed.) 2013 £1200-1800 PROPERTY FROM THE DESCENDANT FAMILY OF ARTHUR RICHARD DUFTY CBE, (1911-1993), MASTER OF THE ROYAL ARMOURIES (1963-76) AND PRESIDENT OF THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES (1978- 81) 99 A FINE GERMAN SILVER-HILTED HUNTING SWORD, CIRCA 1730 with straight blade double-edged for its last quarter, formed with a long fuller on each face and engraved with scrolling foliage on a gilt panel at the base, chiselled with a pair of hounds pursuing a stag and a boar on the respective faces of the forte, silver hilt cast and chased in relief (lightly rubbed), comprising a pair of quillons issuant from grotesques with terminals en suite, the right quillon up-turned and slightly forward-canted, down-turned shell-guard decorated with a doe and a pair of stags in a framework of rococo scrolls, the quillon-block extending upwards to a panel filled with a bird-of-prey on the outer face, knuckle-guard, cap pommel formed as a bird-of-prey in the round, extending at the front over the grip with a panel incorporating a reclining hound, natural staghorn grip, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard (the base repaired) with large silver mounts comprising chape chased with a woodland stag hunting scene on the outer face and the inner lightly engraved with scrolls enclosing the initials ‘CB’, locket chased with Diana the huntress within a rococo frame on the inner face and the outer with provision for its accompanying pieces, together with its knife and fork (perhaps the original), each with horn grip faced with white metal chased with rococo scrolls 62.0 cm; 24 ⅜ in blade A hunting sword with a near identical blade is preserved in the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin. See Müller and Kölling 1990, p. 403, no. 365 £1500-2500 31


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100

101

102

103

VARIOUS OWNERS 100 A FRENCH SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1760 with hollow-ground triangular blade etched with scrollwork at the forte, steel hilt cast, pierced and chiselled with scrolling foliage, including double-shell-guard decorated with bouquets and a band of strapwork, globular quillon, knuckle-guard, quillon-block and pommel the latter two each en suite with the shell-guard, and the grip bound with plaited silver wire and copper ribband (small areas of light pitting) 72.5 cm; 28 ⅝ in blade

102 A GERMAN SMALL-SWORD, MID-18TH CENTURY with hollow-ground triangular blade decorated with gilt foliage, trophies and the bladesmith’s initials ‘I.G.B.’ on a blued panel over the lower portion, steel hilt comprising double shell-guard pierced with differing trophies-of-arms within a scrolling frame, globular quillon, knuckle-guard, and ovoid pommel pierced with foliage, and retaining an early grip of plaited wire and ‘Turks’ heads’ 84.5 cm; 33 in blade

Provenance The Bodmer Collection, Schloss Kyburg, Switzerland circa 1920

£250-300

£500-600 101 A FRENCH SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1780 with hollow-triangular blade etched with strapwork and rococo ornament at the forte, steel hilt comprising double shell-guard pierced with an alternating arrangement of flowers and foliage framed within roped strapwork borders, globular quillon and knuckle-guard each pierced with a trellis pattern, and quillonblock and ovoid pommel each en suite with the shell, and wooden grip retaining an early binding of plaited silver wire, ribband and ‘Turk’s heads’ (the ribband with areas of wear) 79.5 cm; 31⅜ in blade Provenance The Bodmer Collection, Schloss Kyburg, Switzerland circa 1920 £400-600

32

103 A TRANSITIONAL SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1680 with associated blade of flattened-rounded section stamped ‘Inini’ on each side at the forte and cut with a very short fuller, steel hilt of moulded bars including down-curved quillon with fluted barrel-shaped terminal, inner and outer shell-guards each fitted with a sprung-in plate pierced with a panel of holes within a foliate frame, moulded knuckle-guard joined by a pair of scrolling bars at the base, and associated fluted pommel en suite with the quillon (later grip) 74.2 cm; 29 in blade £400-500


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104

105

106

104 A FINE FRENCH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, PARIS CHARGE MARK FOR 1768-1774 with hollow-ground triangular blade, silver hilt cast, pierced and chased with rococo ornament in low relief, comprising doubleshell-guard decorated on the outer face with differing trophies-of-arms and on the inner face with differing trophies-of-music, each within oval garland frames and against an elaborate trellis background enclosed by a festooned border, a pair of arms each decorated with laurel, one struck with silver marks including the maker’s mark, quillon-block decorated with further trophies on each side, quillon and knuckle-guard en suite with the shell, pierced ovoid pommel decorated with a trophy-of-arms on the front and a garland on the rear, and original grip bound with plaited wire and riband (loose) 83.8 cm; 33 in blade £800-1000 105 A GERMAN SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1770 with slender blade of flattened-hexagonal section signed ‘Francisco Ruis’ and ‘En Toledo’ within a short fuller on the respective faces, gilt-brass hilt cast and chased with rococo ornament in low relief, comprising double shell-guard decorated with scrolls and scallop patterns on a punched ground, forward-canted globular quillon, knuckle-guard, ovoid pommel, and solid grip decorated en suite 73.0 cm; 28 ¾ in blade Provenance The Jagdkammer of the Reichsgrafen von Kaunitz, sold Galerie Fischer, Zurich, 13th May 1936, lot no. 28 £600-800 106 AN ENGLISH SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1780 with two-stage blade of flattened-hexagonal section, etched with a gilt scrollwork panel filled with a bouquet and a gilt panel etched with strapwork and a trophy-of-arms on each side at the forte, steel hilt comprising petal-shaped oval shell-guard pierced with a series of radiating slots filled with foliage, the inner face studded with a running pattern of faceted beads, globular quillon, a pair of small arms, knuckle-guard interrupted by a faceted moulding, and faceted ovoid pommel, and retaining an early grip of plaited wire, ribband and Turk’s heads, in its original vellum-covered wooden scabbard complete with steel suspension-chain and belt-clip 83.1 cm; 32 ¾ in blade Provenance E. Oser Collection, Basel, sold Dr Störi Kunstsalon, Zurich, 6th December 1929, lot 58 £600-800 33


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107

108

109

PROPERTY FROM THE LATTIMER FAMILY COLLECTIONS, NEW JERSEY 107 AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED OFFICER’S SWORD, LONDON 1754, MAKER’S MARK OF JOHN CARMAN II with curved blade double-edged towards the tip, formed with a near full-length fuller on each face, silver hilt comprising boatshell guard, short quillon, knuckle-guard, outer-guard and near spherical pommel, and the grip with its original binding of plaited silver wire and ribband 79.5 cm; 31 ¼ in blade Literature D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 130 John Carman II was a hilt maker and a Master of the Cutler’s Company. Both of his parents were hilt maker’s, Mary and John I. See Southwick, p. 63 £700-900 108 AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LONDON 1769, MAKER’S MARK INDISTINCT with associated hollow-ground triangular-section blade, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief (rubbed), comprising oval shellguard pierced with trophies-of music rondels surrounded by concentric frames enclosing beadwork panels, a pair of short quillons with flattened globular terminals, knuckle-guard, quillon-block and pommel (one small dent) en suite with the guard, and the grip bound with plaited silver wire and ribband with a chased collar top and bottom 82.5 cm; 32 ½ in blade Literature D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 111 £500-700 109 A FRENCH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1780 with tapering blade of hollow-ground triangular-section, etched with scrolls at the forte (worn, areas of surface rust), silver hilt cast, pierced and chased in low relief, comprising double-shell-guard formed of a pair of openwork trellis panels enclosed by a large scroll frame in imitation of bound cord, globular quillon, knuckle-guard and ovoid pommel all decorated en suite, and the grip with its original binding of plaited silver wire and ribband between ‘Turk’s heads’ in its leather scabbard (worn, the lower portion and chape missing), with silver locket (incomplete) 80.2 cm; 31 ⅝ in blade Literature D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 112 £400-600 34


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110

110 AN ENGLISH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LONDON, CIRCA 1760 with associated hollow-ground triangular-section blade, silver hilt (loose) cast and chased in low relief, comprising boatshell guard, quillon, knuckle-guard and pommel all decorated with a writhen design (marks rubbed) and the grip bound with copper wire (loose) between chased silver collars 76.5 cm; 30 ⅛ in blade Literature D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 105 £350-450

111

112

112 A NORTH EUROPEAN SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1770, ENGLISH OR DUTCH with slender blade of diamond-section, stamped ‘En Toledo’ within a short fuller on each face, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief (rubbed, minor repairs), comprising double shellguard, quillon, knuckle-guard and pommel all decorated with a writhen design, and the grip bound with plaited wire between brass collars 84.3 cm; 33 ¼ in blade Literature D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 109 £300-400

111 A GERMAN SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1750 with colichemarde blade (shortened) inlaid with brass scrolls at the forte, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising double shell-guard decorated with vacant panels flanked by winged monsters, rococo scrolls and shell ornament, quillon, knuckle-guard (repaired), and pommel all decorated en suite, and wooden grip bound with plaited wire 68.5 cm; 27 in blade Literature D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 93 £300-400

113 TWO EUROPEAN SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORDS, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY the first with associated curved fullered blade, silver hilt including boatshell-guard, quillon and pommel all decorated with a writhen design (knuckle-guard missing, hilt loose), and the grip bound with plaited wire between silver collars; the second with long slender blade stamped ‘In Toledo’ within a short fuller on each face, silver hilt including double shell-guard (now in two pieces) finely pierced and chased with trophies-ofarms enclosed by leafy tendrils (restorations, later pommel and grip) the first: 69.5 cm; 27 ⅜ in blade (2) Literature D. D. Hartzler 2000, figs. 85 and 106 £300-400

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114 114 A FRENCH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, LATE 18TH CENTURY with two-stage blade (shortened) etched over the lower portion with scrolls, the inscription ‘Honi soit qui mal y Pense’ and stamped with a star on each face, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising oval shell-guard, short scrolling quillon, knuckle-guard, tall ovoid pommel and integral grip all decorated with punched ornament in imitation of brilliants 65.0 cm; 25 ⅝ in blade Literature D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 122 £250-350 115 A NORTH EUROPEAN SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY GERMAN with associated blade, silver hilt including oval shell-guard, short quillon struck with a mark, perhaps a rampant lion (rubbed), knuckle-guard with two further marks (rubbed), faceted ovoid pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire 68.6 cm; 27 in blade Literature D. D. Hartzler 2000, fig. 150 £200-300

115 116 TWO CONTINENTAL SMALL-SWORDS, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY the first with associated tapering single-edged blade, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief, including rain-cover over the forte, quillon, side-ring, pommel and integral grip all decorated with a writhen design; the second with hollow-ground triangular-section blade, silver hilt including down-turned scalloped shell-guard, low disc-shaped quillon terminal, globular pommel drawn-out to the button, and the grip bound with plaited wire between silver collars the first: 80.0 cm; 31 ½ in blade (2) Literature D. D. Hartzler 2000, figs. 101,102 £300-400 117 A FRENCH SILVER-HILTED SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1770 AND A GERMAN OFFICER’S SWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY with first with hollow-ground triangular-section blade etched with scrolls over the forte, silver hilt cast and chased in low relief, including double shell-guard eagles and lions amongst trophies-of-arms on each face, the quillon-block decorated en suite (later pommel), and the grip bound with plaited wire and ribband, with a portion of its scabbard; the second with blued and gilt epée blade, and white metal hilt with boatshell-guard (knuckle-guard missing) the first: 78.9 cm; 31 in blade (2) Literature D. D. Hartzler 2000, figs. 127, 128 £250-350

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118

PROPERTY FROM THE DESCENDANT FAMILY OF ARTHUR RICHARD DUFTY CB, 1911-1993), MASTER OF THE ROYAL ARMOURIES (1963-76) AND PRESIDENT OF THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES (1978-81) 118 A FINE ITALIAN LEFT-HAND DAGGER, CIRCA 1600 with tapering blade of stiff-diamond section, pierced with a series of circles and ovals within two long slender fullers framed by a further pair of fullers top and bottom on each face, rectangular ricasso pierced and fullered en suite on the outer face and hollowed for the thumb on the inner, iron hilt comprising a pair of down-curved quillons of flattened-rounded section, side-ring swelling slightly towards the centre, and flattened barrel-shaped pommel, decorated throughout with panels of punched and gilt pellets within matching diagonal frames (small losses), and retaining an early grip of plaited silver wire between ‘Turk’s heads’, almost certainly the original, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with iron lockets and chape decorated en suite with the hilt, the former with a loop on the inner face for suspension and the latter with moulded terminal 26.5 cm; 10 ½ in blade £3500-4500

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119

120

121

122

VARIOUS OWNERS 119 AN ENGLISH PLUG BAYONET, LATE 17TH CENTURY with cut-down fullered hunting sword blade formed with a clipped-back point and stamped on each face with a celestial mask, white metal hilt cast and chased in low relief, comprising a pair of straight quillons with warrior head terminals, cap pommel formed en suite and turned burrwood grip, in its embossed leather scabbard, with silver mounts decorated en suite 31.7 cm; 12 ½ in blade £1500-2000 120 AN ENGLISH PLUG BAYONET, CIRCA 1680-90 with tapering blade double-edged towards the tip, stamped with a King’s head mark and a tailed star mark on one face, cast and chiselled brass hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with putti terminals, matching pommel, and turned hardwood grip, in a later leather scabbard inscribed ‘a present from George … about 1654’ 28.7 cm; 11 ⅜ in blade £1200-1800

121 AN ENGLISH PLUG BAYONET, CIRCA 1680-90 with tapering blade double-edged towards the tip, stamped with a King’s head mark on one face, cast and chiselled brass hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with warrior head terminals, matching pommel, and turned hardwood grip 28.5 cm; 11 ¼ in blade Provenance Warwick Castle, inv. no. E023, sold in these rooms 25 June 2008, lot 320 Similar plug bayonets were used during this period by the Guard of the Royal Household £800-1000 122 AN ENGLISH PLUG BAYONET, CIRCA 1680-90 with tapering double-edged blade (pitted), cast and chiselled brass hilt comprising a pair of straight quillons with warrior head terminals, matching pommel, and turned hardwood grip 31 cm; 12 ⅓ in blade £600-800 123 A LEFT HAND DAGGER IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, MODERN with tapering blade, rectangular ricasso, iron hilt with drooping quillons, Saxon style faceted bun-shaped pommel, in a leather scabbard 38.7 cm; 15 ¼ in blade £300-400

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124

Hafted Weapons 124 A FINE AND RARE GERMAN HALBERD FOR THE GUARD OF JOHAN GEORG, ELECTOR AND MARGRAVE OF BRANDENBURG (1525, 1571-98), DATED 1570 with tapering terminal spike of hollow-diamond section, forward-leaning curved axe-blade, down-curved rear fluke, tapering socket and a pair of long straps (the lower portions replaced in their early working life), the head etched over almost its entire surface with flowers and scrolling leafy tendrils on a stippled ground, the terminal spike with the crowned abbreviated inscription ‘A.N.G.W.’ (Alles nach Gottes Willen) in gilt letters, the axe-head with the repeated gilt inscription, and the rear fluke with the date in gilt numbers on each face (lightly refreshed), on a wooden haft 55 cm; 21 ⅝ in head Johan Georg became Elector and Margrave on 3 January 1571 (Old Style 1570) following the death of Joachim II Hector. Joachim’s death left a heavy burden of debt which was addressed by his successor’s financial reforms and wise government. He was popular with nobles and some towns. He was a Lutheran though he did not allow his religion to involve his state in military adventures in defence of this cause Another halberd from this group is preserved in then Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin and another in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (acc. no. 14.25.253). See Müller and Kölling 1990, no. 161 £4000-6000 39


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125 125 A GERMAN ETCHED HALBERD FOR THE GUARD OF JOHANN GEORG, DUKE OF SAXONY (1585, 1611-1656), DATED 1604 with tapering terminal spike, forward-leaning curved axe-blade formed with a pair of inward curled lugs, down-curved rear fluke formed with a pair of inward curled lugs, and a pair of long straps, one stamped ‘ML’, probably the maker, etched on each face with strapwork and leafy tendrils on a stippled ground over the lower portion of the spike extending down to the top of the straps, the axe with the arms of Saxony within a strapwork cartouche enriched with garlands of fruit, one side with the date, the rear fluke with the abbreviated inscription ‘I.H.G.H.Z.S’ for Johann Georg Herzog zu Sachsen within a panel on a stippled ground and the straps each with a lion mask rondel (small areas of wear), on an early wooden haft, probably its original (areas of worm, the base extended), retaining a portion of its leather trellis binding and an early green silk and silver thread tassel (losses), the haft painted with an inventory number ‘Al481’, applied with a brass inventory tag ‘S.V.G.’, and another tag ‘L.64.14.39’ 78.0 cm; 30 ¾ in head Provenance The former Saxon Electoral Armoury, Dresden Armerican Art Association, New York, 24 November 1928, lot 272 Stephen V. Grancsay (1897-1980), Curator of Arms and Armor, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Howard Ricketts, London Exhibited Brooklyn Museum 1933, cat. no. 316 Allentown Art Museum 1964, cat. no. 93 Johan Georg had a guard of twelve men and one captain from the time of his marriage in 1604, which was augmented to fifty men in Christmas that year. Half were armed with muskets and half with halberds. Another example, still preserved in Dresden, is illustrated Churfürstliche Guardie 2012-13, cat. No. 67 £4000-6000

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126 126 A GERMAN ETCHED HALBERD FOR THE GUARD OF JOHANN GEORG, DUKE OF SAXONY (1585, 1611-1656) AS ADMINISTRATOR OF THE BISHOPRIC OF MERSEBURG, DATED 1609 with tapering terminal spike of hollow-diamond section with a pair of lugs at the base, forward-leaning curved axe-blade, downcurved rear fluke formed with a pair of inward curled lugs, tapering sockets, and a pair of long straps, one stamped ‘ML’, probably the maker, etched with strapwork and leafy tendrils on a stippled ground over the lower portion of the spike and the centre of the head on each face, the axe with the arms of Saxony and the arms of the Bishopric of Merseburg on the respective faces, each within a strapwork cartouche with cross-hatched borders, above the date and beneath the abbreviated inscription ‘S.V.M.C.’ for the ducal device Scopus Vitae mihi Christus, the rear fluke with the abbreviated inscription ‘H.G.H.Z.S’ for Hans Georg Herzog zu Sachsen within a panel on a stippled ground, on a wooden haft with a green, purple, red and gold silk tassel 73.0 cm; 28 ¾ in head Provenance The former Saxon Electoral Armoury, Dresden Another example, dated 1611, is preserved in the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin. See Müller and Kölling 1990, no. 25. The Berlin example is etched with a similar inscription with the additional letters ‘G.V.B.C.’, reflecting his promotion to Elector that year. The Diocese of Merseburg was secularized in 1562 and its various properties and lands passed into the ownership of the Dukes of Saxony £4000-6000

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127 127 A GERMAN ETCHED HALBERD FOR THE GUARD OF AUGUST, DUKE OF SAXONY (1589-1615), AS ADMINISTRATOR OF THE BISHOPRIC OF NAUMBURG, DATED 1614 with tapering terminal spike of hollow-diamond section and wasted at the base, concave axe-blade, down-curved rear fluke formed with a pair of inward curled lugs, and a pair of long straps, one stamped ‘ML’, probably the maker, etched on each face over the lower portion of the spike extending down to the centre of the head with strapwork and leafy tendrils on a stippled ground, the axe with the arms of Saxony on one face and the arms of the bishopric of Naumburg on the respective faces, each within a scrollwork frame above the date and beneath the abbreviated inscription ‘F.S.C.V.’ for the ducal device Fide Sed Cuide Vide, the rear fluke with the abbreviated inscription ‘A.H.Z.S’ for August Herzog zu Sachsen in a panel on each face, on an early wooden haft, with a silk tassel 66.0 cm; 26 in head Provenance The former Saxon Electoral Armoury, Dresden Halberds of this type were also carried by the Guard of Duke August’s brother, Johan Georg I, Elector (1611-56). Another example, formerly in the Electoral Armoury, is preserved in the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, Dresden (inv. nr. S92). See Churfürstliche Guardie 2012-13, cat. No. 66 £4000-6000 128 A FRENCH PARTISAN FOR THE ROYAL GUARD OF KING LOUIS XIII (1601, 1614-43) with tapering flat head formed with a medial ridge, a pair of up-turned and a pair of down-turned basal lugs, stamped ‘C. Gounod’ on one face and with another name, probably ‘Laine’ (unclear) on the other, tapering faceted socket moulded at the top, stamped ‘10’ on the reverse and with traces of an inscription including ‘Trent double’ on each face (rubbed), impaled by a transverse bolt with a characteristic up-turned hook finial on one side, the head etched with crowned Royal arms enclosed by the Order of St Michel and St Esprit above the letters ‘LL’ on one face and with the crowned arms of Navarre on the other enclosed by the same orders, on a wooden haft with iron shoe 60.0 cm; 23 ⅝ in head Provenance George R. Hann, Treetops, Pennsylvania, sold Christie’s, 19 May 1980, lot 62 The maker Gounod is believed to have worked in Geneva. Another partisan of this type, formerly in the Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Collection, is preserved in the Philadelphia Museum of Art. See von Kienbusch 1963, no. 601. £2000-3000 42


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129 A FRENCH HALBERD OF THE SWISS GUARD OF LOUIS XV (1710, 1723-74) with tapering terminal blade formed with a wavy edge and medial ridge on each face, slightly concave axe-blade with wavy backedge, rear fluke formed with an additional wavy spike above and below, the centre of the head chiselled with a sun-in-splendour mask in relief on each face and with traces of original gilding, tapering faceted socket formed with a moulding at the top, engraved ‘48’, and fitted with a transverse bolt (the up-turned spike finial missing), a pair of straps of differing length, on a wooden haft 62.8 cm; 24 ¾ in head Provenance Jeanne et Robert-Jean Charles, sold Tajan, Paris, 8 December 1993, lot 239 The Swiss Guard (Cent-Suisses) were introduced into the Royal household in 1679. They had three sets of dress, for war, daily use and ceremony. The latter was decorated with blue vertical bands alternating with crimson silk velvet embroidered in white silk thread with a chain design. An example of this uniform is preserved in the Musée de l’Armée, Paris, inv. no. 3641 DEP £2000-2500 130 A FRENCH PARTISAN FOR THE ROYAL GUARD OF LOUIS XIV AS DAUPHIN (1638, 1643-1715), CIRCA 1638-43 with tapering flat head formed with a medial ridge, a pair of up-turned and a pair of down-turned basal lugs, stamped ‘C. Gounod’ on one face and ‘Laine’ on the other, tapering faceted socket moulded at the top, impaled by a transverse bolt with a characteristic up-turned hook finial on one side, the head etched with crowned Dauphin’s arms on each face, on an early wooden haft with iron shoe 52.0 cm; 20 ½ in head Provenance George R. Hann, Treetops, Pennsylvania, sold Christie’s, 19 May 1980, lot 62 £1500-2000

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131 A RARE ITALIAN GLAIVE FOR THE GUARD OF CARLO GONZAGA, DUKE OF MANTUA (1580, 1627-37) with knife-like blade formed with a curved leading edge, the upper half of the back-edge double-edged and formed with a rounded finial engraved with a scroll in the centre, tapering socket formed with a moulding at the top, the head etched with the crowned ducal arms on each face (worn, partly obscured), on a wooden haft with tassel 85.5 cm; 33 ⅝ in head A similar glaive, in similar condition, is preserved in the Artillery Museum, Turin (inv. J114/5205). For this example, and a discussion of the Gonzaga Armoury, see Turin 1995, pp. 369-403 £2000-2500 132 A FINE AND RARE VENETIAN PARADE GLAIVE FOR THE DOGES’ SLAVIC GUARD, LATE 17TH CENTURY with broad heavy single-edged blade with rear-swept tip, the back formed with a large pierced projection comprising a pair of rampant horses centring on a shaped projection flanked by a pair of monsterheads, the base with a hippocamp on either side, engraved on each face over the lower three-quarters with a female trumpeting angel holding a spear and standing on a crown incorporating trophies-of-arms above an espagnolette mask supported by another pair of angels, robust moulded socket, with an early faceted wooden haft covered with painted leather (small losses, the lower portion replaced) 113.7 cm; 44 ¾ in head Provenance Robin Wigington (1932-2002) The immense weight of this glaive would suggest that it was for use by a standing guard or sentry. Other examples from this group are preserved at Eastnor Castle, Herefordshire, and the former Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Collection, now in the Philadelphia Museum of Art, no. 605. Two further glaives of the group were sold Sotheby’s New York, 11 January 1994, lot 444. £3000-4000 133 A FINE AND RARE VENETIAN PARADE GLAIVE FOR THE DOGES’ SLAVIC GUARD, LATE 17TH CENTURY with broad heavy single-edged blade with rear-swept tip, the back formed with a large pierced projection comprising a pair of rampant horses centring on a shaped projection flanked by a pair of monsterheads, the base with a hippocamp on either side, the base engraved on each face over the lower three-quarters with a female angel trumpeting and holding a spear, standing on a crown incorporating trophies-of-arms above an espagnolette mask supported by another pair of angels, robust moulded socket, with an early faceted wooden haft covered with painted leather (small losses, the lower portion replaced) 113.7 cm; 44 ¾ in head Provenance Robin Wigington (1932-2002) See footnote to previous lot. £3000-4000

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134 A RARE ETCHED PARTISAN OF THE GUARD OF THE ELECTOR FRIEDRICH AUGUST I OF SAXONY, ‘THE STRONG’ (1670, 1694-1733), CIRCA 1694-7 with central blade of flattened-diamond section, broad base formed of a pair of flat notched flukes, etched at the base with a pattern of scrolling foliage on each side and surmounted on the respective faces with the crowned electoral arms and the initials ‘CFA’ for Churfürst Friedrich August, moulded collar, faceted socket and a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft painted with an inventory number 61.2 cm; 24 ⅛ in head Provenance The Saxon Electoral Armoury, Dresden Friedrich August I ruled as Elector of Saxony (1694-1733) and twice as King August II of Poland (1697-1704 and 1709-33) Similar partisans are preserved in the Wartburg (inv. no. 461) and the Wallace Collection, London (inv. Nos. A1002 & A1003). Another partisan from this group with the same notable style of etching is preserved in the Deutsches Historiches Museum, Berlin. See Müller and Kölling 1981, p. 311 no. 395 £2000-2500 135 A RARE ETCHED PARTISAN, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with two-stage central blade, formed with a pair of broad flat lugs cut with a series of notches at the base, etched over its surface with foliate rondels within a stylised architectural framework, including the inscriptions ‘Nec Temer Nec Timide’ and ‘Fide sed Cuide’ on one side and ‘Inter Arma Silent Leges’, ‘R.O.R.O.P.’ and ‘Proaris ——-’ on the other, moulded neck, faceted socket, and a pair of short straps 52.6 cm; 20 ¾ in head This belongs to a group of partisans variously dated 1631 and 1632 and were almost certainly used by a Protestant Army from Saxony. Another, formerly in the collection of Count Dimitri de Nesselrode and William Randolph Hearst is the the Kretzschmar von Kienbusch collection, inv. no. 594 £1500-2000 46


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136 A RARE ENGLISH PARTISAN FOR THE GUARD OF KING WILLIAM III (1650, 1689-1702) AND QUEEN MARY II (1662, 1689-1694), CIRCA 1689-94 with tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section, the base of broad crescentic form etched on each side with the Royal cypher, moulded neck fitted with a pierced faceted collar, tapering socket, a pair of straps (the head worn), on its wooden haft 68.0 cm; 26 ¾ in head Provenance Robin Wigington (1932-2002) Six State Partisans of this shape are preserved in the Royal Armouries, Leeds. They are dated to the early 18th century and are described in a guide of 1788 as having been used at the funeral of William III. See Ffoulkes 1915, p. 229, nos 341-346 £1500-1800 137 A RARE ENGLISH PARTISAN FOR THE GUARD OF QUEEN ANNE (1665, 1702-1714) with tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section, the base of broad crescentic form incorporating two pairs of short straight ribbon-like lugs, moulded socket, large pierced collar, the head with traces of the etched Royal arms and deeply incised ‘AR’ at the base on each face, and a pair of straps, on an early wooden haft with iron shoe (the head worn) 67.0 cm; 26 ⅜ in head English partisans of this type were re-used and decorated as the monarchs changed. There do not appear to be any partisans of this type recorded in the Royal Armouries, Leeds Provenance Robin Wigington (1932-2002) £1200-1800 138 AN ENGLISH PARTISAN, 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY FOR THE GUARD OF KING GEORGE III (1738, 1760-1820) with tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section, the base of broad crescentic form incorporating two pairs of short straight ribbon-like lugs, threaded base, moulded socket, large pierced collar, the head with etched with the Royal arms on each face above the Royal cypher ‘GR’ (worn), over painted in blue and gold on one face, on its original wooden haft with iron shoe, and an early tassel 70.0 cm; 27 ½ in head Provenance Robin Wigington (1932-2002) £1200-1800 47


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139 AN ENGLISH PARTISAN FOR THE GUARD OF QUEEN VICTORIA (1819, 1837-1901) with tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section, the base of broad crescentic form incorporating two pairs of short straight ribbon-like lugs, threaded base, moulded socket, large pierced collar, the head painted with the Royal arms on each face in blue and gold, on its original wooden haft with iron shoe, and an early tassel 70.0 cm; 27 ½ in head Provenance Robin Wigington (1932-2002) £1200-1800 140 AN ENGLISH PARTISAN FOR THE GUARD OF KING GEORGE VI (1895, 1936-1952) with tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section, the base of broad crescentic form incorporating two pairs of very short straight ribbon-like lugs, threaded base, moulded socket, large pierced brass collar, the head etched with the Royal arms on each face in blue and gold above the Royal cypher ‘GviR’, retaining some early blued and gilt finish, on its original wooden haft with iron shoe, and tassel 46 cm; 18 ⅛ in head £400-600 141 AN ENGLISH PARTISAN FOR THE GUARD OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II (1956, 1952-) with tapering central blade of flattened-diamond section, the base of broad crescentic form incorporating two pairs of very short lugs, threaded base numbered ‘24’ above, moulded brass socket, large pierced brass collar, the head etched and gilt with the Royal arms above the Royal cypher ‘EiiR’ on a blued panel on each face, on its original wooden haft with iron shoe, and tassel, and in very good condition throughout 47.0 cm; 18 ½ in head £500-600

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142 A PARADE GLAIVE FOR THE GUARD OF MARIA THERESA AS DOWAGER EMPRESS OF AUSTRA (1717, 1740-80), CIRCA 1765-80 with knife-like blade double-edged for the upper portion, etched on each face with the crowned Imperial eagle on crossed ragged staves, charged with the Imperial arms and enclosed by the Order of the Golden Fleece, the back-edge inscribed ‘38 Du Manufacturier J : Phil : Kirschbaum a Solingen’ (worn, partly illegible, the head pitted), moulded neck, and later haft, fitted at the top with a brass inventory tag numbered 233 54.0 cm; 21 ¼ in head Another example, by the same maker and numbered ‘29’ is preserved in the Wallace Collection, inv. no. A 941. See Norman 1986, p. 191-2. We are indebted to the vendor’s consultant for his assistance with this lot £600-800 143 AN ITALIAN ETCHED GLAIVE, LATE 16TH CENTURY, PROBABLY VENETIAN with broad knife-like blade formed with a curved leading edge and curved back-edge, stamped on one side with a large scorpionmark incorporating a cross above the letter ‘B’, upwardly projecting slender rear spike, a pair of pointed basal lugs, moulded tapering socket (one small crack), and a pair of short straps, engraved over the lower portion of the head with strapwork cartouches filled with stylised grotesques against a punched ground, over the socket with flowers within a trellis framework, and all enclosed within a punched framework, on a later wooden haft 86.5 cm; 34 in head Provenance Schloss Mauensee, sold Galerie Fischer, Zurich, 26-28 May 1932 A similar example struck with the same mark and decorated with the arms of the Michiel family of Venice is preserved in the Museo Civico Correr, Venice, inv. no. CC 695. See Boccia and Coehlo 1975, no. 457 £1000-1500

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144 A RARE ITALIAN GOTHIC SPEAR, LATE 15TH CENTURY, POSSIBLY VENETO with slender tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, stamped with a series of pellets, flowers and a waved pattern over the lower portion on each side, faceted socket, and a pair of short straps, on a later wooden haft 78.7 cm; 31 in head A similar spear attributed to the Veneto is illustrated in Boccia and Coelho 1975, no. 142 £2000-2200 145 A RARE LUGGED SPEAR, LATE 15TH CENTURY possibly Italian with tapering blade of flattened-diamond section, short recessed neck, a pair of triangular basal lugs, each pierced with three holes and struck with an ‘M’ mark on one side, faceted socket, a pair of short straps, on a later wooden haft 64 cm; 25 ¼ in head A similar spear is illustrated in Troso 1988, p. 106, no. 9 £1500-2000

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146 146 AN EXTREMELY RARE AUSTRIAN GOTHIC AHLSPIESS, SECOND HALF OF THE 15TH CENTURY formed of a very long robust central spike of tapering square-section, stamped twice on each face at the base with the Vienna City Arsenal mark, fitted with its original circular guard at the base, and tapering tubular socket pierced with six holes, on a later wooden haft 121.2 cm; 47 ¾ in head Provenance The Vienna City Arsenal A number of Ahlspiesse are recorded in the Vienna Zeughaus inventory of 1444. The last delivery was made in 1497-1500 when three hundred and twenty two were supplied to Vienna from Piesting, Lower Austria, some of which were made by Hans Maidburger. Approximately one hundred and seventy are still preserved in the Vienna City Arsenal (inv. nos. 126.008-126.010, 126.050-126.057, 162.449-162.602). It would appear that this weapon remained in use for some time: examples are shown in the illustrated histories of the Emperor Maximilian, the Weisskunig and the Freydal. Other examples are preserved in the Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin, the Musée de L’Armée, Paris and the Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Collection in t he Philadelphia Museum of Art. See Glück 1960, p. 35 and Vienna 1977, p. 77 no. 59. Examples retaining their original guards are rarely offered for sale £5000-7000 51


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147 A RARE SWISS LUCERNE HAMMER, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY with long tapering central spike of diamond-section, the head formed of four flaring spikes (one chipped), stout down-turned rear spike, a pair of long straps, on an early wooden haft carved with a scale pattern over the lower portion, reinforced with an additional pair of straps, and fitted with a steel shoe (light worm damage) 85.7 cm; 33 ¾ in head Provenance The Moser Collection, Switzerland £1500-2000 148 A SWISS POL-AXE, LATE 16TH CENTURY with slightly curved axe-blade formed with diagonal back-edges of differing length, and robust rear spike stamped with a mark on each side, on a later wooden haft fitted with four straps, perhaps the original 21.0 cm; 8 in head A pol-axe struck with a similar mark is preserved in the Schweizerisches Landesmuseum, Zurich. See Gessler 1928, Taf. 12 £600-800 149 A RARE HALBERD, FIRST HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR SWISS with tapering terminal spike of diamond-section formed with a recessed rectangular panel at the base, crescentic axe-blade cut with cusped rear edges, down-curved rear spike, a pair of straps, and the head retaining traces of pointillé decoration, on a later wooden haft 50.5 cm; 19 in head A halberd of very similar form is preserved in the Wallace Collection, London, no. A928 £400-600

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150 A RARE GERMAN HALBERD, MID-16TH CENTURY with slightly curved forward-leaning axe-blade, inlaid on each side with a circular arrangement of latten-filled rondels, tapering terminal blade formed with a reinforced back-edge, small rear spike stamped with a halberd-mark twice on one side and cut with three notches beneath (the rear with one small crack), and a pair of short straps (one repaired), on a later wooden haft (shortened) 75.5 cm; 29 ¾ in head An etched glaive dated 1551 from the guard of the Emperor Ferdinand I and struck with the same mark is preserved in the Hofjagd und Rüstkammer, Vienna, inv. no. A869. A plain halberd of similar date and struck with the same marks is preserved in the Deutsches Historiches Museum, Berlin, see Müller and Kölling 1990, no. 249. £1000-1100 151 A GERMAN HALBERD, MID-16TH CENTURY with long terminal spike formed in two stages, the upper of stiff-diamond section and the lower portion flattened, axeblade with slightly forward-leaning edge, pierced with three sets of circular holes in a triangular pattern, triangular rear fluke, stamped with a mark on one side, tapering socket, a pair of long straps, on an oak haft fitted with an additional pair of straps (the base and shoe missing, steel parts pitted) 69.3 cm; 27 in head

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152 A HALBERD, MID-16TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR SWISS with stout terminal spike of stiff diamond-section, curved axeblade pierced with a slipped trefoil and with a cusped pattern over the secondary edges, triangular rear fluke matching the blade, a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft (the lower portion missing, the steel parts pitted) 54.5 cm; 21 in head Provenance Schloss Marienburg, Germany £1000-1500 153 A GERMAN HALBERD, MID-16TH CENTURY with terminal spike formed in two stages, the upper of stiffdiamond section and the lower portion flattened, forward leaning straight-edged axe-blade pierced with a trefoil, cut with a pair of cusps top and bottom at the rear, punched with a series of pellets on each side and stamped with a mark, triangular rear spike, tapering socket, a pair of wavy straps, on an early wooden haft fitted with an additional pair of wavy straps (the lower portion of the haft replaced) 69.5 cm; 27 ⅜ in head A halberd struck with an identical mark is preserved in the Royal Armouries, Leeds. See Ffoulkes 1916, vol. II, 966 £800-1200

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154 A RARE ITALIAN HALBERD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY VENETIAN with broad terminal blade pierced with a pair of slots, fitted at the base with a broad steel collar formed of six vertical hoops each interrupted by a chiselled mask, forward leaning pierced axe-blade fitted with a bronze warrior mask on each face, triangular rearfluke fitted with a pair of bronze masks and pierced en suite, rectangular socket fitted with a later spiked transverse bolt, a pair of slender straps, and lightly engraved throughout (worn), on a wooden haft 54.5 cm; 21 ½ in head A similar halberd is preserved in the Poldi Pezzoli Museo, Milan, cat. no. 525. A near-identical halberd was sold in these rooms, 28th June 2006, lot 347 £1500-2000 155 AN ITALIAN HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with long terminal spike of diamond section, forward leaning curved axe-blade pierced with a pair of cross-shaped apertures, formed with a pierced rounded lug behind the upper and lower tips, the former with a reinforced point, pierced reinforced rear fluke, and a pair of long straps, on a later wooden haft 110.5 cm; 43 in head £500-700 156 A GERMAN HALBERD, MID-16TH CENTURY with terminal spike formed in two stages, the upper of diamond-section and the lower flattened and stamped with a mark, in a square a cross crosslet, on one side, forward leaning straight axe-blade pierced with a quatrefoil, cut with a single notch top and bottom at the rear, rear spike formed en suite with the blade, tapering socket, and a pair of long straps (pitted overall), on a later wooden haft 52.0 cm; 20 ½ in head £1000-1500 157 A GERMAN HALBERD, LATE 16TH CENTURY with terminal spike of diamond-section, slightly curved forward leaning axe-blade pierced with a quatrefoil, rear spike pierced en suite, and a pair of straps (shortened), on a later wooden haft with an additional pair of later straps 51.5 cm; 20 in head £300-350 54


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158 A FINE SWISS HALBERD OF SO-CALLED SEMPACH TYPE, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY, PROBABLY ZURICH with reinforced terminal spike, long slightly curved axe-blade, triangular rear fluke stamped with a double lily mark on one side, and a pair of long straps, on an early wooden haft incised with the letters HR at the top (worm damage) 31.5 cm; 12 ⅜ in head Provenance The Bodmer Collection, Schloss Kyburg, Switzerland, circa 1920 The mark is that of Lamprecht or Lambert Koller. Similar halberds struck with this mark are preserved in the Schweizerisches Landesmuseum, Zurich. See Meier 1982 nos. 16 and 17 £1500-2000 159 A RARE BAVARIAN SWORD HALBERD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with slightly curved terminal sword blade swelling to a double-edged point and cut with a long slender fuller along the back-edge on each side, curved axe-blade, tapering socket with bevelled edges, a pair of long straps, on an early wooden haft with an additional pair of straps 109.0 cm; 43 in head Provenance Galerie Fischer, Zurich, 7/8th May 1935, lot 30 A large number of halberds of this form, formerly in the Bavarian arsenal, are now preserved in the Bavarian Army Museum, Ingoldstadt. Others have been sold in these rooms 4 December 2013, lot 162; 7 May 2014, lot 116; 24 June 2015, lot 233. See Seitz 1968, p. 216, ill. 221 £1500-2000 160 A HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR SWISS with slender terminal spike, forward-leaning axe-blade pierced with three groups of holes and with a pair of vestigial lugs behind, rear spike pierced en suite and stamped with three pellets back and front and a mark on one side, a pair of long straps, on an early wooden haft enriched with small brass flowerhead nails 53.5 cm; 21 in head A halberd stamped with same mark is preserved in the Solothurn Zeughaus. See Wegeli 1905, cat. no. 487 £400-600

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161 A GERMAN HALBERD, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY with curved axe-blade pierced with three groups of circles (one small chip at the top), long terminal spike, down-curved rear spike stamped with a mark on one side and pierced with four circles, and a pair of long straps, on an early wooden haft (shortened) 115.0 cm; 45 ¼ in head £1200-1500 162 A STYRIAN HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with long tapering terminal spike of diamond-section, forward-leaning curved axe blade pierced with three groups of circles (the forward tip slightly bent), pierced rear fluke stamped with the mark of Pankraz Taller, in a shield four pellets divided by a saltire, tapering socket, and a pair of long straps, on an early wooden haft fitted with an additional pair of straps (the lower portion replaced) 83.0 cm; 32 ¾ in head A number of halberds by this maker are preserved in the Landeszeughaus, Graz. £500-700 163 A STYRIAN HALBERD, LAST QUARTER OF THE 16TH CENTURY with very long tapering terminal spike of diamond-section, curved forward-leaning axe-blade pierced with three groups of holes and stamped with a crescent on each face, triangular rear spike pierced with three circles and stamped with a maker’s mark, tapering socket, and a pair of long straps (areas of pitting throughout), on a later wooden haft with an additional pair of steel straps 97.8 cm; 38 ½ in head A number of similar examples are preserved in the Landeszeughaus Graz £500-700 164 A GERMAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY with long tapering terminal spike, V-shaped axe-blade pierced with three slipped circles, shaped rear fluke pierced en suite, formed with an up-turned spike at the top and stamped with a mark on one side, and a pair of long straps, on a later wooden haft 97.2 cm; 38 ¼ in head £300-350 56


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165 A RARE GERMAN ETCHED HALBERD, DATED 1566 with medially-ridged leaf-shaped terminal blade etched on the respective faces with the figure of St George on one side and an inscription including the date and the initials ‘P W’ on the other, all against a stippled ground surrounded by scrolling leafy tendrils, small axe-blade pierced with five holes, rear fluke formed with an additional lug above, the latter stamped with a clover leaf mark on one side, etched throughout with further tendrils inhabited by exotic birds (the etching worn), and faceted socket decorated en suite, on an early fabric-covered wooden haft, fitted with two pairs of straps on the upper portion and the lower encased with a trellis pattern of leather studded with large domed brass nails 46.2 cm; 18 ¼ in head Provenance Schloss Grafenegg, Austria, sold Galerie Fischer, Zurich 1934, lot 47 The inscription reads: “Gott Mein Trost, Aber Jesus Christus Hat Mich von Allen Suenden Erloest, Anno Domini 1566” A halberd of similar form struck with the same maker’s mark and decorated with the Crucifixion on one side and a standard bearer on the other is preserved in the Royal Armouries, Leeds. See Ffoulkes 1916, p. 248. No. 1026 £2500-3500 166 A GERMAN HALBERD, 17TH CENTURY with broad leaf-shaped terminal blade, recurved axe-blade formed with a forward-leaning upper tip (cut-down from a larger blade), down-curved rear spike stamped with a mark, conical socket, and a pair of short straps, on a later wooden haft studded with domed brass nails 38.0 cm; 15 in head £400-600 167 A SOUTH GERMAN HALBERD, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with leaf-shaped terminal blade formed with a medial ridge and drawn in at the base incorporating a pair of short basal lugs, small curved axe-blade formed with a pair of rounded lugs, flat rear fluke stamped with a fleur-de-lys mark on one side and with an upturned lug at the top, tapering faceted socket, and a pair of straps (the straps with an early repair, the head lightly cleaned), on a later wooden haft 47.2 cm; 18 ⅝ in head A number of decorated halberds of this form are preserved in the Landezeughaus, Graz. See Krenn 1997, pp. 52-3 £700-900

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168 168 A BILL (RONCONE) IN ITALIAN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with knife-like blade formed with a forward-curved spike, flat basal spike and two basal lugs, moulded socket, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 76.0 cm; 30 in head Provenance Ernst Schmidt, Munich, 9 November 1929 John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 1034

171

170

171 A GLAIVE IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with knife-like blade struck with a mark, formed with a pair of basal lugs, tapering socket, a pair of straps (pitted), on a wooden haft 58.3 cm; 23 ⅛ in head Provenance Theodore Offerman, New York John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 2044 £120-180

£300-400 169 A GLAIVE IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with knife-like blade formed with a pair of basal lugs, tapering socket, a pair of straps, on a wooden haft 83.0 cm; 32 ⅝ in head Provenance Berghard Steiner, sold Walpole Galleries, New York, 26 January 1927, lot 182 John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 85 £180-240 170 AN ETCHED GLAIVE IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with heavy flat knife-like blade formed with a sharp reinforced tip, slender down-curved rear spike, tapering socket, etched over each face and the socket with scrolls and foliage inhabited by grotesque masks, a pair of long straps, on a wooden haft (areas of wear) 108.5 cm; 42 ⅝ in head Provenance Theodore Offerman, New York, sold American Art Association, Anderson Galleries, New York, 5 February 1938, lot 50 John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 2479 £240-300 58

172 A GLAIVE IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with knife-like blade stamped with a mark at the top, formed with a pair of basal lugs, tapering socket, a pair of straps (pitted), on a wooden haft 58.5 cm; 23 ⅛ in head Provenance Theodore Offerman, New York John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 1397 £120-180


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173

174

175

173 A GERMAN MACE, MID-16TH CENTURY formed entirely of steel, with head of six pierced shaped flanges, each reinforced in the centre, moulded central finial, tapering cylindrical haft pierced for a thong, helically-fluted grip, and moulded basal cap (pitted throughout) 62.5 cm; 24 ⅝ in £1000-1500 174 A SAXON MINER’S GUILD AXE, LATE 17TH CENTURY with flat iron head of characteristic form pierced with a slipped quatrefoil and circles, stamped with a maker’s mark including the letter ‘K’ (rubbed) and fitted with a copper button on the spike, fruitwood haft profusely inlaid over its full length with engraved bone plaques of flowers and foliage involving figures kneeling in penance at the feet of Christ Crucified beneath the pious inscription ‘INRI’, all on a ground sewn with horn pellets enriched with brass wire scrolls along the back, and fitted with bone pommel engraved on both sides with a flowering medallion filled with the arms of Saxony on one side and the crossed pick and hammer of the Miners Guild on the other (small pieces of inlay replaced, minor losses and light wear) 88.9 cm; 39 in £700-900 175 AN EAST EUROPEAN MACE, 17TH CENTURY with head formed of eight shaped flanges, plain cylindrical haft, faceted grip with knop-shaped basal terminal, and pierced at the base for a thong (pitted throughout) 51.0 cm; 20 in £1000-1500 59


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176 TWO RARE JAVELINS FOR THE CAROUSEL, LAST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY each with robust iron head of hollow-triangular section, tapering socket and a pair of short rectangular straps, on its original wooden shaft painted with a running pattern of red scrolling foliage and red and white flowerheads 26.0 cm; 10 ¼ in and 26.8 cm; 10 ⅜ in heads (2) Provenance The Armoury of the Earls of Macclesfield, Shirburn Castle Thomas Del Mar Ltd, 14 December 2005, lot 93 Similar javelins were used for running at the Quintain for the Carousel of Christian V in 1685. See Rangström 1992, p.173, no. 195 and p. 396 £400-600 177 TWO ITALIAN BILLS (RONCONE) IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE each of characteristic form, with long terminal spike, axe blade with hooked terminal, a pair of crescentic basal lugs, rear spike, tapering socket and a pair of straps, on a wooden haft (each head with surface rust) 72.5 cm; 28 ½ in heads (2) £300-500 178 A HALBERD IN STYRIAN LATE 16TH CENTURY STYLE AND AN UNUSUAL VENETIAN STAVE, 19TH CENTURY the first with curved pierced axe-blade, terminal spike, a pair of long straps, on its wooden haft; the second with small halberd axe-blade, central hatchet shaped blade and down-curved rear hook, the haft applied with a brass plaque cast with the Venetian lion of St Mark, profusely studded with Venetian, Austrian and other 18th and 19th century coins, and the basal terminal a cast brass figure of a harvester 54.0 cm; 21 ¼ in head ‡ £300-400 179 A LANCE, 19TH CENTURY (head missing), fluted over the upper section, recessed grip and detachable rear portion 214.0 cm; 84 ¼ in, the longest section (2) Provenance John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 2610 £80-120 180 THIRTEEN VARIOUS HALBERD HAFTS, 19TH AND EARLY 20TH CENTURIES four painted green and partially covered with red velvet (worn) (13) Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002)

176

60

179

£80-120


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181

182

183

THE PROPERTY OF A EUROPEAN PRINCE 181 A COMPOSITE RAPIER, THE BLADE EARLY 17TH CENTURY with long tapering blade (areas of pitting) formed with an almost full-length slender fuller on each face, stamped with the letters ‘IET’ in sequence on each side at the forte, tapering ricasso stamped ‘Caino’ and with the crowned ‘S’ mark, later symmetrical iron hilt, including straight quillons, ring-guards, knuckle-guard and pommel all chiselled with rounded mouldings and engraved with flowers and scrollwork, and wooden grip 113.0 cm; 44 ½ in blade For other blades of this type see Gotti 2011. £400-600 182 A COMPOSITE GERMAN SWORD, LATE 16TH/17TH CENTURY with tapering double-edged blade formed with three slender full-length fullers and stamped with a crowned ‘Pi’ mark on each face, incised rectangular ricasso, iron hilt (repaired) including a pair of vertically recurved quillons, upper and lower ring-guards (the upper now detached), trifurcated inner-guard and tall ovoid pommel 88.5 cm; 34 ⅞ in blade £500-700 183 TWO NORTH EUROPEAN CAVALRY SWORDS, CIRCA 1630 the first with associated double-edged blade tapering to a sharp point and incised with a decorative panel on each face at the forte, asymmetrical iron hilt including inner and outer ring-guards each filled with a pierced plate chiselled with foliage, outer guard and knuckle-guard each interrupted by a globular moulding, thumb-ring and later grip; the second with later blade from a smallsword, iron hilt with characteristic globular mouldings and pierced sprung-in plates (grip missing) the first: 90.5 cm; 35 ¾ in blade (2) £300-400

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184 AN ITALIAN SHORTSWORD, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with curved broad blade double-edged at the point, formed with a three-quarter length slender fuller along the back-edge on each face and struck with a mark on the reverse, iron hilt comprising vertically recurved quillons with spatulate clam-shaped finials, upturned outer guard formed as a scallop shell en suite, joined to the knuckle-guard by an S-shaped bar and each interrupted by a spirally-fluted moulding, inner-guard with thumbring, associated faceted pommel and spirally-carved wooden grip (cracked and chipped) 63.0 cm; 24 ¾ in blade £500-700 185 TWO GERMAN DUELLING SWORDS AND TWO EPÉES, LATE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES the first and second with large iron basket hilts (blades shortened), the second and third stamped ‘Coulaux & Cie’ on the blades and with brass figure-of-eight shaped hilts the first: 71.2 cm; 28 in blade (4) £50-80 186 THREE GERMAN SMALL-SWORDS, CIRCA 1740 the first with tapering blade, iron hilt (incomplete) including pierced double shell-guard; the second with two-stage blade inlaid with brass scrollwork at the forte, iron hilt (shell-guard incomplete) chiselled with foliate mouldings, and wire-bound grip; and the third with engraved iron blade and iron hilt including tall ovoid pommel the first: 70.4 cm; 27 ¾ in blade (3) £250-350 187 THREE SMALL-SWORDS LAST QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY the first with two-stage blade engraved over the lower quarter, iron hilt including double shell-guard (reversed) pierced with a trellis design filled with foliate ovals, the pommel and knuckle-guard en suite and associated grip; the second with hollowtriangular blade engraved with strapwork at the forte, and pierced iron hilt; and the third with hollow-ground triangular blade and pierced iron hilt (worn) the first: 84.2 cm; 33 ¼ in blade (3) £350-450 188 A LIGHT CAVALRY SWORD, GERMAN OR AUSTRIAN, EARLY 19TH CENTURY AND A MILITARY STYLE SWORD FOR A BOY, 19TH CENTURY the first with regulation blade etched with foliage and a garland, iron stirrup hilt; the second with curved blade with rounded tip, brass stirrup hilt engraved ‘HN25’ on the knuckle-guard, in its brass scabbard 82.0 cm; 32 ¼ in blade (2) £150-250

184

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189 A SAXON INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORD AND A GERMAN CAVALRY SWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY the first with fullered regulation blade, regulation brass hilt with folding side-guard, in its scabbard; the second with curved regulation blade stamped ‘F.A.H.’ and ‘Solingen’ at the forte, brass triple bar hilt in the French style, in its scabbard the first 74.8 cm; 29 ½ in blade (2) £200-250


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191

190 A GERMAN SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1760 with two-stage blade, the upper portion of flattened-hexagonal section and the lower etched and gilt with a basket of sprouting foliage and strapwork on each face, gilt-brass hilt comprising double shell-guard with moulded brim, cast and chased with scrolling leafy tendrils against a punched ground on each face, a pair of fluted moulded quillons, moulded knuckle-guard, quillon-block and ovoid pommel each en suite with the guard, and the grip bound with plaited wire and ‘Turks’ heads’ 80.0 cm; 31 ½ in blade £350-400

192

193

192 A GERMAN SMALL-SWORD, DATED 1768, AND ANOTHER, CIRCA 1760 the first with associated blade engraved with ‘Vivat Josephus II’, the date and pious inscriptions, gilt-brass hilt decorated with rococo designs including boatshell guard, vertically recurved quillons, pommel and integral grip; the second with associated blade inscribed ‘Pro Gloria et Patria’ and ‘Solideo Gloria’ on the respective faces with an engraved running wolf ahead, gilt-brass hilt decorated with rococo designs, including double shell-guard, pommel and integral grip the first: 79.5 cm; 31 ⅜ in blade (2) £350-450

191 A GERMAN SMALL-SWORD, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY AND ANOTHER, FOR A CHILD the first with associated blade of military type, inscribed ‘Berlin’ on a brass filled rectangular panel and with the Prussian eagle in brass on each face at the forte, brass hilt cast in low relief, including boatshell guard, knuckle-guard, pommel and solid grip all decorated with scrolls and shell-ornament; the second with slender blade (pitted), brass hilt cast with rococo bouquets in low relief, including openwork outer ringguard, pommel and solid grip the first: 85.3 cm; 33 ⅝ in blade (2) £300-400

193 TWO GERMAN SMALL-SWORDS, CIRCA 1760 the first with hollow-ground triangular blade etched with strapwork enclosing a fleur-de-lys at the forte, brass hilt cast with trophies-of-war in low relief, including double shell-guard, globular quillon, knuckle-guard, pommel and the grip bound with plaited wire and copper ribband; the second with tapering blade of flattened-hexagonal section etched and gilt with flowers and scrolls including a putti on each face over the forte, and brass hilt cast with trophies in low relief 76.5 cm; 30 ⅛ in blade (2) £300-400 63


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195

196

194 THREE GERMAN SMALL-SWORDS, 18TH CENTURY the first late 18th century, with two-stage blade engraved over the lower portion (tip chipped), openwork brass hilt including oval shell-guard (reversed) decorated with trophies and foliage, tall ovoid pommel and solid grip each decorated en suite; the second late 17th century, with two-stage blade decorated with pierced recesses and inlaid with brass, and brass hilt decorated with faceted designs in imitation of cut stones, and wire-bound grip; and the third, late 17th century, with associated blade dated 1644 and brass hilt including dish-guard with moulded rim, and pierced openwork pommel the first 81.8 cm; 32 ¼ in blade (3) £350-450 195 A FRENCH SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1780 AND A GERMAN SMALL-SWORD, EARLY 18TH CENTURY the first with hollow-ground triangular blade (shortened), inscribed in gold ‘Ex Dono Regis’, and with the gold crowned arms of the Kingdom of France on a blued panel at the forte above the maker’s inscription of Le Court, finely chiselled iron hilt including double shell-guard decorated with ovals filled with differing trophies on the outside and the arms of the Kingdom of France and the Royal cypher of Louis XVI on the inside, all enclosed by delicate scrolls and tendrils, quillon, knuckle-guard and pommel all decorated en suite (the pommel missing one panel), and with traces of gilding; the second with two-stage blade inlaid with brass scrolls at the forte, iron hilt (knuckle-guard missing), including double shell-guard pierced and chiselled with naive profile masks surrounded by foliage, a pair of quillons, quillon-block and pommel each decorated en suite with the guard, and the grip bound with plaited wire and ‘Turks’ heads’ the first: 77.5 cm; 30 ½ in blade (2) Le Court is recorded fourbisseur in Paris circa 1775-85 £300-400 196 THREE GERMAN SMALL-SWORDS, 18TH CENTURY the first circa 1740, with tapering triangular blade etched with classical warriors and pious Latin inscriptions, iron hilt retaining traces of silvered finish, including shell-guard with moulded rim, and integral writhen grip; the second composite, with two-stage blade etched and gilt over the forte, and iron hilt with pierced shell-guard and faceted ovoid pommel; and the third with two-stage blade and iron hilt chiselled with scrolls (shell-guard and quillons missing) the first: 70.5 cm; 27 ¾ in blade (3) £250-350 64


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198

199

197 A GERMAN SMALL-SWORD, LATE 17TH CENTURY with later regulation blade with ‘AR’ crowned on each side of the forte, probably for August III, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony (1733-63), iron hilt comprising double shell-guard pierced with two panels filled with a figure-of-eight design within an engraved foliate border, flat quillon, knuckle-guard and faceted plummet-shaped pommel all engraved en suite with the shell, and fitted with an early grip of woven silver and copper thread 79.5 cm; 31 ½ in blade

200 TWO GERMAN HUNTING SWORDS, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY the first with broad double-edged blade etched and gilt with the spurious date ‘1414’, iron cross-piece, iron cap-pommel and wire-bound wooden grip; the second etched with an inscription to honour over the forte on one face, brass hilt (incomplete) and staghorn grip; a hunting sword-blade; a military sword-blade and a machete the first: 54.5 cm; 21 ½ in blade (5)

£400-600

£150-250

198 A GERMAN SMALL-SWORD, CIRCA 1740 with two-stage rapier blade formed with a pair of recessed pierced panels on each face and inlaid with brass (losses, shortened), iron hilt including double shell-guard, quillon, knuckle-guard and pommel all encrusted with silver bands and pellets (rubbed) and fabric-covered grip 64.5 cm; 25 ½ in blade

201 A GERMAN TOWN SWORD AND TWO HUNTING SWORDS, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY the first with two-stage blade etched with strapwork over the forte (worn), brass hilt including reversed shell-guard, lion’s mask pommel-cap, and spirally carved bone grip; the second with curved blade formed with a slender fuller, brass stirruphilt with ring-guard , and spirally-carved bone grip; and the third with etched blade, and brass hilt cast in low relief (shellguard missing) the first: 72.3 cm; 28 ½ in blade (3)

£150-250 199 TWO GERMAN SMALL-SWORDS, MID-18TH CENTURY the first with two-stage blade etched with trophies over the forte, brass hilt cast and chased in low relief with grotesque masks and scrolls, including double shell-guard, forwardcanted quillon, knuckle-guard and pommel, and the grip bound with plaited wire and ‘Turk’s heads’; the second with associated blade of military type, brass hilt cast and chased in low relief, including openwork guard (the rear portion missing), knuckle-guard interrupted by a Pan figure, and pommel decorated with mythological masks and scenes the first: 82.0 cm; 32 ¼ in blade (2) £250-350

£200-250

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203

205

202 AN INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORD, LATE 19TH CENTURY AND ANOTHER, EARLY 19TH CENTURY the first with etched regulation blade, gilt-brass regulation hilt with double shell-guard, wire-bound grip, in its regulation brass-mounted leather scabbard; the second with etched and gilt two-stage blade (incomplete), and burnished steel hilt with boatshell guard the first: 86.5 cm; 34 in blade (2)

205 A FRENCH REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD SHORT SWORD, based on the École de Mars model, with broad straight double-edged blade, brass hilt with block-shaped quillons decorated with scrolls on each face, integral grip, and fluted pommel, in its leather-covered wooden scabbard with embossed gilt-brass mounts decorated with sprays of scrolls and palmettes, the locket fitted with belt-clip (wear, the belt clip missing two screws) 48.0 cm; 18 ⅞ in blade

£200-300

See Lhoste and Resek 2001, nos. 49 and 50.

203 A PRUSSIAN MODEL 1889 INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORD with regulation blade by W.K. & C, regulation brass hilt, wirebound grip with enamelled star of the Order of the White Eagle, leather finger-loop, in its black iron scabbard with a single suspension-loop 72.0 cm; 28 ⅜ in blade £250-300 204 A PRUSSIAN INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORD with regulation blade, brass stirrup-hilt with enamelled star of the Order of the White Eagle on the langet, wire-bound grip, in its black iron scabbard with a single suspension-loop 74.7 cm; 29 ⅜ in blade £200-300

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£150-200 206 AN AUSTRIAN MODEL 1768 LIGHT CAVALRY SABRE with regulation blade engraved with the crowned Imperial double eagle, inscribed ‘Pottenstein’ on the back-edge, iron stirrup hilt, leather-covered grip, in its scabbard 84.5 cm; 33 ¼ in blade £150-200 207 A DUTCH MODEL 1898 NAVAL ‘KLEWANG’ CUTLASS of regulation type, the blade stamped ‘Hembrug’ at the forte, blued hilt, in its scabbard 62.5 cm; 24 ⅝ in blade £50-80


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Armour VARIOUS OWNERS

208 A FINE AND IMPORTANT ITALIAN BREASTPLATE BY GIOVANNI ANGELO MISSAGLIA OF MILAN, EARLY 16TH CENTURY formed of a medially-ridged main plate with deep neck and arm-openings formed at their edges with bold angular inward turns, the latter stepped between the outer ends to receive gussets (now missing), pierced on the right with four holes for attaching a lance rest (missing), the right shoulder struck with a maker’s mark, a Lombardic ‘M’ beneath a split cross, and a separate waist-plate flanged outwards at the base for a fauld (missing, the centre of the waist-lame and the lower end of the right arm-opening with riveted internal patches, the surface showing patches of pitting) 41.0 cm; 16 in high Provenance Warwick Castle Inv. No. A012, sold in these rooms, 25 June 2008, lot 331 Literature James G. Mann, Die Waffensammlung auf Warwick Castle, 2. Teil, in Zeitschrift für Historische Waffen- und Kostümkunde, N. F. Vol. 6, 1937, p. 53, fig. 8 The mark struck on the main plate is that of the celebrated Milanese family of armourers, the Negroni da Ello, commonly known as the Missaglia. 208 Already active in the 14th century, they came to particular prominence in the following century under Tommaso (recorded circa 1430-1452) and his eldest son Antonio (recorded 1441-1496). The present piece was made in the early 16th century, under Antonio’s eldest son Giovanni Angelo Missaglia (recorded 1504-1529). His most notable surviving work is a fluted armour in the German fashion in the Musée de l’Armée, Paris (Cat. No. G8), dating from about 1510-15. His mark also occurs on a great basinet worn by Henry VIII of England when fighting in foot combat at the Field of Cloth of Gold in 1520, suggesting that his works, like those of his predecessors, were widely exported. See Thomas and Gamber 1958, pp. 717-27, the same authors 1967 pp. 234-5, figs 198-204, and Blair 1955, p. 94, figs 1-3 & 15 £3000-4000

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209 COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN HEAVY FIELD ARMOUR, PARTLY NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1540, WITH A NORTH ITALIAN CLOSE HELMET, CIRCA 1570 comprising close helmet with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb, fitted at its nape with a tapering tubular plume-holder and at its front with a frog-mouthed visor (patched at its apex and at the centre of the step beneath its vision-slit), a prow-shaped upper bevor and a transversely boxed lower bevor, all attached by common pivots with radially-fluted domed heads (replaced), the visor fitted at its right side with a slender lifting-peg (replaced), the upper bevor pierced at its right side with nine ventilation-holes in rosette formation connected to one another by incised lines radiating from the central one, and the lower bevor secured to the upper bevor and skull, respectively, at its right side by a swivel-hook and stud and a spring-catch with pushbutton release, the flanged lower edges of the lower bevor and skull each fitted with three rounded gorget-plates (the uppermost front one patched at its centre, and two articulating-rivets replaced by screws); ‘Almain’ collar formed of two lames front and rear, the first in each case formed with a boldly roped upper edge, and the lowest rear one fitted at each side with a later hinged peg for the attachment of a pauldron, and the whole fitted at each side with a short integral spaudler of two lames; breastplate with a rounded medially-ridged main plate struck at its upper edge with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, and fitted at each arm-opening with a moveable gusset, at the right of the chest with a detachable folding lance-rest, and within its lower edge with a waist-lame flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive an earlier fauld of two lames, the second of which is cut at its lower edge with a shallow arch separating a pair of integral tassets each of five lames; matching backplate formed of a main plate struck at its broad shallow neck- opening with the same mark as the breastplate, and fitted within its lower edge with a somewhat narrower waist-lame flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a culet of one deep lame; large narrow-fronted symmetrical pauldrons each of seven lames (the upper two of the left associated both with one another and with those below them), the front end of the second in each case fitted with a stud to attach a pendent circular besague (restored), each rising at its centre to a low conical boss, the right cut with a semi-circular notch to accommodate a couched lance; fully articulated vambraces, each fitted at its upper end with a turner of one lame (originally surmounted by at least one further lame), and at its elbow with a winged couter of three lames open at the rear (the main plate of the couter and the left upper cannon and turner of the left vambrace associated but from the same series); mitten gauntlets (not a pair but from the same series) each formed of a short, flared and straight-ended cuff with a separate hinged inner plate, five metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate decorated with a roped transverse rib, six finger-lames and an old, possibly original , buff leather lining glove; cuisses each formed of a long guttershaped main plate fitted at its convex upper end with a short extension-plate (that of the right associated but from the same series) and at its lower end with a winged poleyn of four lames (both associated but from the same series, and the right patched at its inner lower corner); full-length tubular greaves (not a pair but from the same series), the right struck at its upper edge with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, each cut at the heel with a slit to accommodate a spur and fitted at its front with a broad-toed sabaton of eight lames decorated medially with a file-roped moulding that extends onto the toe cap which is decorated to either side of it with a large, boldly-roped transverse rib; the main edges of the armour formed, except on the collar, with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders, and the subsidiary edges of the helmet decorated with file-roped ribs (the whole lightly to moderately patinated overall) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands ‡ £14000-18000

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210 210 A COMPOSITE NORTH EUROPEAN HARQUEBUSIER’S ARMOUR, MID-17TH CENTURY comprising German Zischägge with hemispherical one-piece skull decorated with a pattern of six radiating ribs, its apex fitted with a pierced finial and circular washer, its brow with a flat peak struck at the front with the letter ‘M’ and accommodating at its rear a sliding nasal-bar secured at the brow by a rectangular staple and locking-screw, its nape with a deep neck-guard of four lames and its sides with pendant cheek-pieces, each narrowing to its lower end and pierced at its centre with seven circular ventilationholes, heavy one-piece English breastplate of duplex construction formed with a medial ridge, a V-shaped waist-line, a raised neck-opening and an outward-flanged lower edge, each side of the chest fitted with a stud for the attachment of a shoulder-strap, the left of the belly bearing the proof-mark of a bullet and the centre of the neck-opening struck with the crowned IR government ownership mark of the time of James II and the maker’s mark EO, and one-piece backplate formed with a raised neck-opening and an outward-flanged lower edge, and fitted with later scaled shoulder-straps and waist-belt, the former struck internally with a maker’s mark and the date 1994, the main edges of the armour decorated with plain inward turns (pitted and patinated throughout; the backplate with some later blueing; the nasal-bar and associated fittings of the Zischägge replaced, and the front suspension-leather of its right cheek-piece severed), stand not included The mark on the breastplate is that of the Warwickshire-born Edward Oxendon or Oxington who was apprenticed to the London armourer Edward Ansley for eight years commencing 1623. He became a freeman of the Armourers’ Company in 1631. In 1648/9 it paid him for six days’ work making arms. He is recorded as Court Assistant of the Company in 1658 and Master in 1667 (Richardson 2004, pp. 66-7). A further duplex breastplate by Oxendon is in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, Inv. No. II. 228. For a discussion of this type of breastplate, see de Reuck, et al 2005 £1800-2000

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211 211 A RARE NORTH ITALIAN HALF ARMOUR, LATE 16TH / LATE 17TH CENTURY, FOR USE BY THE SWISS PAPAL GUARD comprising associated morion formed in one piece with a rounded crown rising to a high roped medial comb decorated to either side of its crest and base with incised lines, and a ‘swept’ integral brim turned down at each side and rising to an acute point at the front and the rear (the left of the brim cracked, each point damaged), the base of the crown pierced at the nape with a pair of holes for the attachment of a missing plume-holder and encircled by eleven (originally eighteen) round-headed lining-rivets with brass rosette-washers; collar formed of a single plate front and rear (the former with a small riveted patch at the left shoulder), each flanged upwards at the neck-opening to receive one or more additional lames (now missing), their roped lower edges originally ribbed but subsequently flattened; breastplate with an outward-flanged lower edge, of ‘peascod’ form fitted to either sides of its main plate and at the inner edges of the movable gussets of its arm-openings with working-life extensions (backplate missing); and large symmetrical pauldrons each formed of six lames overlapping outwards from the third and connected by a turner to a tubular upper cannon cut away diagonally at the inside of its lower edge; the main edges of the armour formed with roped inward turns, accompanied on the breastplate and the morion by recessed borders, the subsidiary edges of the pauldrons decorated with incised lines, all surfaces except those of the morion decorated with deeply incised acanthus scrolls, for the most part arranged symmetrically and involving at the top of the breastplate a grotesque mask embossed in relief, the decoration originally gilt on a blackened ground (now extensively pitted, patinated and worn) Provenance The Hon. Rose Talbot, sold Christies, London, 14 April 1976, lot 75, pl. 5 The armour can be recognised from its distinctive decoration as one of a series made for the use of the Swiss Papal Guard. Other armours of the series are to be found in the Museo Civico L. Marzoli, Brescia, Inv. Nos 860, 927-8, 941 & 947 (Rossi & Carpegna 1969, Cat. Nos 22-5 & 44, pp. 22-3 & 30), the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, Acc. No. Hen.M.1.2.a-c-1933 (Eaves 2002, pp. 1235, ill), the J. W. Higgins Armoury Museum, Worcester, Mass. Inv. No. 1137 (Grancsay 1961, p. 82, ill), and the Art Institute, Chicago (Karcheski 1995, p. 68, ill). Their decoration has in all cases been applied in the late 17th century to elements of late 16th and early 17th century North Italian make. The associated morion is one of a series obtained by the London dealer W. H. Fenton in Ireland at some time before 1933. Others of the series are now to be seen in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, Inv. No. IV. 449 (Dufty & Reid 1968, pl. CII, c), the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, Acc. Nos Hen.M.32, 33 & 34-1933 (Eaves 2002, pp. 1535, ill), and the Glasgow Museum and Art Gallery £4000-6000

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212

212 A RARE SOUTH GERMAN CLOSE HELMET FOR FIELD USE, CIRCA 1510-15 with broad rounded one-piece skull strongly shaped to the nape and formed with a broad low hollowed medial comb (the crown patched and the face-opening restored), ‘bellows’ visor formed with three transverse ridges each enclosed by a pair of incised lines, the top ridge forming a step beneath a centrally-divided vision-slit, the other two surmounted in each case by two pairs of horizontal ventilation-slots, bevor (with small riveted patched at right of neck) and neck-guard of three lames, the visor and bevor attached to the skull by later common pivots and secured at the right side in each case by a later spring-catch, the main edges of the bevor and neck-guard decorated with plain ribs (minor losses, cleaned throughout) 28.5 cm; 11 ¼ in high The helmet is of notable size. Its proportions can be compared with those of an example formerly in the collections of William Burgess, Sir Guy Francis Laking and Dr Richard Williams, now belonging to the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds (Laking 1920-2, Vol. 4, p. 89, fig. 1165). Its plain skull and broad low comb identify it as an early example of its kind £14000-18000

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213

213 A RARE FRENCH CLOSE HELMET FOR FIELD USE WITH ETCHED AND GILT DECORATION, CIRCA 1570 formed of a rounded skull constructed in two pieces joined medially along the crest of a high roped comb and fitted at the nape with a later plume-holder of brass, visor, upper bevor and bevor attached by common pivots (replaced), the forward-sloping visor stepped and roped beneath its broad single vision-slit and fitted at its right side with a lifting-peg (replaced), the strongly prowshaped upper bevor roped at its upper edge, pierced at its right side with eight circular ventilation-holes in rosette-formation and secured to the bevor at the same side by a swivel-hook (perhaps replaced), the lower edges of the skull and bevor flanged outwards for the attachment of gorget-plates of which only the uppermost front one is preserved, the sides of the comb etched and gilt on a hatched ground with alternating foliate scrolls inhabited by winged herms (the upper edge of the visor and the flanged lower edges of the skull and bevor showing some losses and patched repairs, the surface of the helmet showing much pitting and wear) 30.0 cm; 11 ¾ in high The helmet closely resembles in both form and construction those belonging to a series of French royal armours made circa 1555-80. See Reverseau 1982, pp. 54-63, 68-7 & 72-9; Reverseau 1982, pp. 146-7. These include the finely etched and gilt armours G. 119, G. 120 & G. 121 in the Museé de l’Armée, Paris. The decoration of the comb of G. 120, made for Charles IX in the period 1564-74, is particularly close to that of the helmet described here £4000-5000

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214 A FINE SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1550-60, PERHAPS INNSBRUCK with one-piece skull rising to a tall roped comb decorated to either side of its base with roped ribs and accompanied by a slender recessed border, fitted at the nape with a later plume-holder, and a neck-guard of one lame, and at the front with a pointed integral peak, each decorated with a central ogee, the latter with a hook for securing a falling buffe, a pair of hinged cheek-pieces each embossed at its centre with an eight-pointed star and pierced with groups of holes in alternating groups of two and three, retained at the front by a leather strap with a filed iron buckle, the skull with a later padded lining, decorated at its main edges with finely-roped inward turns and accompanying recessed borders occupied in all cases by roped ribs and interrupted at the centre of the peak and the neck-guard with an ogee moulding 27.2 cm; 10 ž in high £3500-4500

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215 215 AN ENGLISH OR FLEMISH CLOSE HELMET, CIRCA 1560-70 with one-piece skull rising to a high boldly roped medial comb pierced towards the front of its apex with a later hole intended to receive a spike on which to mount a funerary crest and neatly repaired with welding to the left of the hole, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common pivots (replaced), the forward-sloping visor (having a trimmed front edge and an old riveted internal patch to the front of the right pivot) formed beneath its centrally-divided vision-slit with a file-roped step (showing rust perforations at the right) and pierced in front of it with six small ventilation-holes, and fitted at its right with a baluster-ended lifting-peg (replaced), the prow-shaped upper bevor notched at its upper edge to accommodate the peg and pierced at its front right with nine small ventilation-holes, the upper bevor and lower bevor each secured at their right sides by swivel-hooks and pierced studs, and the flanged lower edges of the bevor and skull each fitted with a pair of gorget-plates (the rear ones restored), the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns, and its heavily pitted surfaces showing the remains of former gold on grey funerary painting in the form of foliate scrolls and band 31.4 cm; 12 â&#x2026;&#x153; in The helmet owes its survival to having been suspended over an English tomb as part of an heraldic funerary achievement. Many similar helmet are illustrated in Cripps-Day 1922. ÂŁ3000-4000

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216

217

218

216 A NORTH EUROPEAN ZISCHÄGGE, CIRCA 1630 with two-piece skull joined along a low comb with recessed border, flanged outwards at the front to form a pointed peak, fitted with sliding nasal-bar retained by a wing-headed screw, at the nape of the neck with a plume-holder, flaring neck-guard of five lames each formed with a low central cusp, with plain inward turns and the principal borders decorated with pairs of recessed lines (cheek-pieces missing) 26.0 cm; 10 ¼ in high £700-900 217 A ZISCHÄGGE IN THE MID-17TH CENTURY POLISH STYLE, EARLY 20TH CENTURY with one-piece hemispherical skull embossed with six radiating ribs and fitted at its apex with a transversely-pierced finial and large circular washer, at its brow with a flat obtusely-pointed peak struck at the front with the letter ‘W’ and pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar struck on its leaf-shaped upper end with the letter ‘L’, at its nape with a flaring neck-guard of four lames, at each side with backward-directed fan-shaped ‘wings’ decoratively fretted between radiating ribs, and below them with a pair of pendent scutiform cheek-pieces each pierced with six circular auditory holes in rosette formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns left bright along with the nasal-bar and the ribs of the wings against an otherwise black-painted ground (the latter extensively scuffed) 44.5 cm; 17 ½ in high Provenance Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 25 November 1953 John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 3037.2 Similar helmets were sold by Ernst Schmidt of Munich about 1930, see Mowbray 1966, p. 9, pl. 84, no. 554 £180-240 218 A ZISCHÄGGE IN THE LATE 17TH CENTURY EASTERN EUROPEAN STYLE, EARLY 20TH CENTURY with hemispherical skull formed of a brow-band surmounted by eleven overlapping vertical panels radiating from a quadrangular spike equipped with two large superimposed washers , fitted within its front edge with a down-turned obtusely-pointed peak, at its nape with a narrow articulated neck-guard of three (originally more) lames, and at each side with a scaled chin-straps (lightly patinated overall) 33.0 cm; 13 in high Provenance Parke-Bernet Galleries Inc., New York, 25 November 1953 John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 3037 £220-300

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219

220

221

219 AN ITALIAN MORION IN THE ‘SPANISH’ FASHION, LATE 16TH CENTURY with one-piece almond-shaped skull rising to a short rearward stalk (small holes at the rear), fitted at the nape with a later plumeholder, slightly down-turned narrow integral brim projecting to a point front and rear, its edges formed with roped inward turns (cracked at the rear), the base of the crown encircled by lining-rivets, and decorated throughout with later radiating panels of etched military and musical trophies separated by narrow bands of guilloche 21.7 cm; 8 ½ in high £1400-1600 220 A NORTH ITALIAN COMB MORION, CIRCA 1550-60 with rounded one-piece crown rising to a high file-roped medial comb decorated to either side of its crest with an incised line, and a very slightly ‘swept’ integral brim projecting to an obtuse point front and rear, the edge of the brim formed with a file-roped inward turn accompanied to the inside by a narrow groove, the base of the crown fitted at the nape with a pair of rivets to attach a missing plume-holder and encircled by fourteen lining-rivets of which nine retain their original brass rosette-washers (the whole heavily cleaned, with brazed repairs at the front and rear of its comb and the front end of the brim, and a later suspension-hole in the right of the brim) 21.5 cm; 8 ½ in The helmet is a rare example of an early form of morion £700-1000 221 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, NUREMBERG, LATE 16TH CENTURY with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high roped medial comb, projecting forward to an obtusely-pointed integral peak struck at its front with the quality-control mark of the City of Nuremburg, flanged outwards at its rear to receive a long slightly flaring, obtusely pointed neck-guard of four lames (associated, possibly within the working life of the piece), and fitted at each side with a pair of rivets for the attachment of pendent ear-defences, each doubling as part of the series for the attachment of the lining, the forward edge of the peak and the rear edge of the neck-guard both formed with file-roped inward turns, and the surface of the whole retaining much of its original blackened finish (now in part oxidised and worn) 28.0 cm; 11 in £500-700

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222

224

222 A CLOSE HELMET IN THE EARLY 17TH CENTURY GERMAN STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with two-piece skull joined along the crest of a moderately high, file-roped medial comb and fitted at the nape with a plumeholder, visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to the skull by common pivots fitted beneath their small rounded heads with rosette-washers of iron, forward-sloping visor pierced at its lower end with a pair of vision-slits and at its right side with a small hole intended to accommodate a missing lifting-peg, the near-upright lower bevor pierced with five circular ventilation-holes at its left side and six rectangular ones at its right, the lower edge of the right side further pierced with a hole to accommodate the spring catch projecting from the chin of the lower bevor, and two gorget-plates front and rear, the main edge of the lowest in each case formed with a plain inward turn accompanied by a recessed border and the surface of the helmet blackened overall 30.8 cm; 12 in £500-700 223 A PIKEMAN’S POT HELMET IN THE ENGLISH STYLE OF CIRCA 1630 with hemispherical crown formed in two pieces joined medially along a low comb, encircled around the base with domed rivets, integral brim turned down at each side and projecting to an obtuse point front and rear (one pierced with a wiring-hole), painted black throughout 21.0 cm; 8 ¼ in high £200-300 224 A PAIR OF GREAVES AND SABATONS, 19TH CENTURY IN THE SOUTH GERMAN STYLE OF CIRCA 1550-60 each with a full-length tubular greave formed of a rear plate cut at the heel with a large keyhole slot to accommodate a spur, and a front plate cut at its lower end with an arch to accommodate an integral sabaton of seven lames, the last forming a toe-cap of rounded square form; the main edges of both elements formed with notched inward turns accompanied by recessed borders repeated at the lateral edges of the front plate of the greave, and both elements decorated medially with a pair of recessed bands (some patches of light active rusts (2) Provenance Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, New York Clarence H. Mackay, Harbor Hill, Long Island, New York John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 2603 Literature Bashford Dean, Catalogue of a Loan Exhibition of Arms and Armor, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1911, no.23, pl.XIX Stephen V. Grancsay, Catalogue of Armor: The John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, 1961, p. 94 £240-300 78


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225 A RARE EUROPEAN MAIL CAPE OR PISAIN, PROBABLY GERMAN, LATE 15TH OR EARLY 16TH CENTURY composed entirely of riveted iron rings of half-round wire, those at the neck and at the base of the throat smaller in size than the rest and forming a stiff upstanding collar or standard, well-shaped to the shoulders, extending downwards to obtusely-pointed lower edges at the front and the rear of the waist and formed with a central opening at the rear (heavily patinated throughout with several small holes and some fusing of links at the neck) Provenance Baron Armand van Zeulen (1838-96), sold Sotheby’s, London, 1st April 1980, lot 81 Mail capes such as this, referred to by modern collectors as ‘bishops’ mantles’, were known at the time of their use as ‘pisains’. The relatively large rings of the present example indicate a date in the late 15th or early 16th century. Two similar examples are in the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, Inv. Nos. III. 13 & 14, in one case fitted with a Nuremberg-inscribed brass ring. Others of an early fashion were formerly in the collections of Sir Guy Laking and Felix Joubert. See Laking 1920, Vol. II, figs 530-1) £4000-6000

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227

226 A RARE LATE GOTHIC CANTLE PLATE, EARLY 16TH CENTURY, ENGLISH OR FLEMISH formed of two plates strongly flanged inwards at its upper and lateral edges, overlapped and joined medially by a later radiallyfluted rivet, and embossed over the full outer surface with diverging terraced fluting (areas of light pitting, one small internally patched repair) 14.5 cm; 5 ¾ in high A number of cantle plates of related form, in one case mounted on its original saddle, are preserved in the Royal Armouries at the Tower of London and Windsor Castle. It is likely that the present example, like them, is from the arsenal of Henry VIII. A related cantle plate is preserved in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. See Pyhrr, Larocca and Breiding 2005, p. 62., no. 30 £1200-1500 227 A HORSE CAPARISON, 19TH CENTURY of two parts entirely covering the horse’s body including the head, each of crimson damask silk backed with coarse woven fabric, the outer surfaces applied with heraldic leopards and shields in contrasting damask and velvet, with tasselled fringed borders (staining and light wear) (2) £400-600

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229

228 A SOUTH GERMAN HARQUEBUSIER’S COLLAR, NUREMBERG, EARLY 17TH CENTURY; AND A PAIR OF SOUTH GERMAN SPAUDLERS, EARLY 17TH CENTURY the first originally forming part of an ‘Almain’ collar and comprised of a single plate front and rear, each having an upward-flanged neck-opening formed at its edge with a plain inward turn, the two plates originally connected to one another at the left shoulder by a rivet (now missing), and fastened at the right by a stud and keyhole-slot (the former replaced and the latter broken out), the front plate descending to an obtuse central point struck with an indistinct maker’s (?) mark and the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg, and the rear plate descending to a straight lower edge (the whole with a mottled patina overall, the front plate repaired with a riveted internal patch at the left shoulder and centre of its lower edge, and the rear with a riveted internal patch at both shoulders); and the second in each case originally forming part of an ‘Almain’ collar and formed of six upward-overlapping lames of which the lowest is cut away at the front to clear the inside of the elbow where its edge is formed with a plain inward turn (both with a mottled patina overall; the right composite and the left restored using old plates) each 30.0 cm; 11 ¾ in (2) £700-1000 229 A COMPOSITE NORTH ITALIAN PAULDRON AND VAMBRACE FOR THE RIGHT ARM, WITH ETCHED DECORATION, PROBABLY MILANESE, CIRCA 1590 the pauldron, of narrow-fronted form, comprised of seven lames overlapping outwards from the third (the first three of which are associated with the remainder), the lowest pierced at its centre with an almond-shaped hole that fits over a turning-pin (replaced) projecting from the lower of two lames forming a turner that surmounts the upper cannon of a vambrace originally of fully articulated construction but now formed in three discreet pieces with the matching cannons being connected by internal leathers through an associated one-piece bracelet couter formed at its front with a transverse rib enclosed between a pair of narrow grooves, the surfaces of all parts except the couter etched with bands and borders of strapwork interlace enclosing, except on the first three lames of the pauldrons, classical warriors, herms masks and trophies of arms, and enclosed to either side by narrow bands of guilloche separated by a pair of narrow plain bands from wolf’s teeth projections, the etching of the first three lames of the pauldron on a blackened and stippled ground, and the remainder on a blackened ground (the couter and the lower cannon each with a short, slender split, and all parts with moderate to heavy pitting, patination and wear overall) 49.0 cm; 15 ¾ in £700-1100 81


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230

THE PROPERTY OF A EUROPEAN PRINCE 230 A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN LIGHT FIELD ARMOUR, CIRCA 1600-10 comprising burgonet with rounded skull formed in two pieces joined along the crest of a high roped medial comb (with one split), projecting forward at the brow to an acutely-pointed integral peak and at its rear to a similarly pointed integral neck-guard (the main edges of both peak and neck-guard originally accompanied by a recessed border, subsequently removed), and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (associated), flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five auditory holes in a dice-formation, the right struck at its front edge with the arsenal number ‘X’ over ‘15’; ‘Almain’ collar formed of a single plate front and rear, flanged upwards at the neck-opening and fitted at each side with an integral spaudler of five lames (associated and partly composed, the right detached); one-piece breastplate of late peascod fashion with a deep flange at the waist fitted at each side with a pair of modern straps (all but one now broken) for the suspension of a pair of long tassets each extending to just above the knee and formed of seven lames (the upper two of the right associated), the lames of the left and right tassets struck with groups of four and three triangular assembly marks respectively; and backplate formed in one piece with a broad shallow neck-opening and a deep waist-flange; the main edges of the armour formed with inward turns, those of the burgonet notched and those of the tassets roped and accompanied by a recessed border; the subsidiary edges decorated in part with pairs of incised lines; and the interiors of the burgonet, collar and cuirass respectively painted in white with the numbers ‘37’, ‘111’ and ‘32’ beneath the letters ‘SO’ of the Solothurn Zeughaus (the whole lightly patinated overall) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Solothurn Zeughaus, Switzerland £3000-4500 82


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231

231 A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN THREE-QUARTER FIELD ARMOUR, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY comprising burgonet with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to an acutelypointed integral peak (pierced with a later pair of holes at its centre), fitted at itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s flanged rear edge with a rounded one-piece neck-guard, at its left rear with a large tubular plume-holder, and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (the distal end of the hinge of the left replaced) flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with nine auditory holes in a rosette-formation, the skull and neck-guard respectively lined with quilted linen and tanned leather, and the latter cut at its edge with piccadils; collar of four lames front and rear (the upper three in each case partly associated, the uppermost rear one patched at its left end); earlier breastplate, Italian or Flemish about 1520-30, formed of a medially ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, formed at its upper edge with a broad shallow neck-opening bordered by an indistinct mark, fitted at each side of the chest with a later stud for the attachment of a shoulder strap and fitted at its armopenings and lower edge respectively with later fixed gussets and an overlapping waist-lame (possibly working-life modifications), the waist-lame fitted at its flanged lower edge with a fauld of two lames, the second of which is associated and cut at the centre of its lower edge with a narrow arch that separates a pair of long medially-ridged tassets each of seven lames (some associated) that extend to just above the knees; backplate formed in one piece with a near-straight upper edge and a flanged lower edge carrying a culet of one deep lame; large symmetrical pauldrons each formed of twelve lames of which four at the front serve as a fan-like extension of the third and main one, and the lowest six protect only the outside of the arm down to the elbow; and long gauntlets each formed of a tubular elbow-length cuff with a separate inner plate, five metacarpal-plates, a knuckle plate decorated with a file-roped transverse rib, a shaped finger-plate and scaled finger-defences of which only one of the right and three of the left are preserved entire, in one case detached; the main edges of all parts of the armour, except its collar, formed with inward turns, in some cases file-roped and, in the case of the burgonet and gauntlets accompanied by recessed borders, and the whole with a black-from-the-hammer finish, partly refreshed with paint See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands ÂŁ4000-6000 83


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232 232 A COMPOSITE NORTH GERMAN LIGHT FIELD ARMOUR WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION IN THE ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ FASHION, LATE 16TH/EARLY 17TH CENTURY comprising comb morion with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high medial comb, its rear fitted with a later plume-tube, and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear; ‘Almain’ collar of three lames front and rear (the upper two in each case associated), fitted at each side with an integral spaudler of six lames (restored) extending to the elbows; breastplate formed of a medially-ridged main plate with near-straight upper edge, projecting forward over the belly, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and at its flanged lower edge with a fauld of three lames, the lowest of which is cut at its centre with a shallow arch separating a pair of long tassets each of six lames extending to just above the knees, and suspended from a pair of straps and buckles; one-piece backplate boxed at each side and formed with a slightly convex upper edge and a flanged lower edge carrying a culet of one deep lame notched at the centre of its lower edge; and fingered gauntlets (not a pair) each formed of a long flared and pointed tubular cuff with a separate inner plate, five metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate decorated with a file-roped transverse rib, a shaped finger-plate and scaled finger and thumb-defences, the latter attached by a lateral leather hinge to the inner end of the fourth metacarpal-plate (the left gauntlet lacking two finger-defences, and the right lacking its thumb-defence and having two of its finger-defences detached); the main edges of all parts of the armour formed with inward turns, decorated in all cases, except on the morion, with roping or notching; the morion decorated in low relief on each side of its crown with four hearts in a quatrefoil arrangement enclosed within a circle bordered by stylised acanthus foliage, the remaining elements decorated with raised or recessed bands and borders involving in case of the latter, except on the tassets and left gauntlet, stylised acanthus foliage interrupted at points by hearts, and at the lower ends of the tassets fleurs-de-lis, all originally burnished bright on a black-from-the-hammer ground, now cleaned to a mottled bright finish on all parts except the morion and the gauntlets See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Armours bearing similar decoration can be recorded in the historic collections of Emden, Lübeck, Munster and other North German cities. See Ullmann 1962, pp. 21-29 £5000-7000 84


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233 233 A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN LIGHT FIELD ARMOUR, AUGSBURG, CIRCA 1600-20 comprising burgonet with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to an obtuselypointed integral peak, and fitted at its flanged rear edge with a matching rounded one-piece neck-guard and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece in each case flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five auditory holes in a dice-formation; ‘Almain’ collar formed of one plate front and rear, in each case flanged upwards at the neck-opening, and fitted at each side with an integral spaudler each of five lames (the right associated); one-piece breastplate of late peascod form with a narrow shallow neck-opening, fitted at its flanged lower edge with a fauld of one lame cut at the centre of its lower edge with a shallow arch separating a pair of sub-rectangular tassets each pendent on three straps and formed of four lames; backplate formed of a main plate with a shallow neck- opening cusped at its centre, and a somewhat narrower waist-lame flanged outwards at its lower edge to form a short integral fauld cut with a shallow central notch at its lower edge; and long gauntlets each formed of a tubular elbow-length cuff with a separate inner plate, a wrist-plate, five metacarpalplates, a knuckle plate decorated with a transverse rib, a shaped finger-plate and scaled finger and thumb-defence, the latter connected by a lateral leather hinge to the last metacarpal-plate; the peak of the burgonet and the neck-openings of the breastplate and backplate respectively struck with makers’ marks respectively involving the initials WH (?), HR and BN, in each case accompanied by the fir-cone mark of the city of Augsburg, and the front of the collar struck with the large arsenal number 37; the main edges of all elements formed with plain inward turns, and their surfaces retaining their original black-from- thehammer finish (slightly rubbed and oxidised at points) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands The HR mark on the breastplate has been tentatively identified as that of either Hieronymus Ringler the Younger (born 1583, still living 1626) or Hans Roth (recorded 1613-1642). See Thomas, 1980, p. 88 £2500-3000

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234 A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN LIGHT FIELD ARMOUR IN THE ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ FASHION, LATE 16TH CENTURY WITH EARLY 17TH CENTURY BURGONET comprising burgonet with rounded skull formed in two pieces joined along the crest of a high roped medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to an acutely-pointed integral peak, and fitted at its flanged rear edge with a rounded one-piece neck-guard and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece in each case flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neckguard and pierced at its centre with five auditory holes in a dice-formation (the distal end of the hinge of the left cheek-piece lacking one rivet); ‘Almain’ collar formed of four lames (the upper two in each case associated), the lowest front one struck externally with the inverted mark of the Württemberg Zeughaus, and all struck internally with triangular construction-marks, and the whole fitted at each side with an integral spaudler, the left of six lames (wholly detached and the lowest three associated) and the right of five lames (partly detached and all associated); breastplate formed of a medially-ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, with a broad shallow neck-opening, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of two (originally three) lames; and one-piece backplate with a slightly convex upper edge and a flanged lower edge fitted with a culet of one lame (slightly cracked at the centre of its upper edge where it is improperly riveted to the flange); the main edges of all elements formed with inward turns, those of the burgonet, spaudler and backplate notched, and the remainder fileroped; the whole decorated with raised bands and borders burnished bright against a black-from-the-hammer ground (partly refreshed with paint) in the ‘black and white’ fashion (the collar and backplate showing some active surface corrosion) See note at front of catalogue for information concerning stands Provenance Württemberg Zeughaus, Germany £3500-5000

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235 A SOUTH GERMAN CLOSE HELMET FOR HEAVY FIELD USE, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1550 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high, file-roped medial comb (slightly bruised towards the rear of its crest), and visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to it at each side by common pivots (replaced), the forward-sloping visor pierced in front of the file-roped step of its centrally-divided vision-slit with six small ventilation-holes at each side, and fitted at the right with a hole to receive a combined wing-headed turning-pin and lifting-peg (missing) that fitted into a shaped notch cut into the upper edge of the prow-shaped upper bevor, the latter pierced at its left side with nine small circular ventilation-holes in rosette formation, and at its right side with three vertical ventilation-slots, the upper and lower bevors each secured at their right sides by spring-catches with push-button releases, the skull and bevor each flanged outwards at their lower edges and pierced with three pairs of holes, now plugged with blind rivets, for the leathers that originally attached their gorget-plates, the upper bevor decorated medially and at its upper edge respectively with a band and border each burnished bright, along with the sides of the comb, against an originally black-from-the-hammer ground (now cleaned bright) 28.0 cm; 11 in ÂŁ4000-6000

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236 A COMPOSITE SOUTH GERMAN CLOSE HELMET FOR HEAVY FIELD USE, CIRCA 1540-50 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a low file-roped medial comb, and visor, upper bevor and lower bevor attached to it at each side by common pivots (replaced), the skull and lower bevor each flanged outwards at their lower edges to receive gorget-plates that would originally have been attached to them solely by internal leathers, the forward-sloping visor fitted within the upper bevor at its front and over it at the rear, its front end file-roped beneath a centrally-divided vision-slit and its right fitted with a short mushroom-shaped lifting-peg (replaced) also serving as a pull to release a spring-catch that engages a hole in the upper edge of the slightly prow-shaped upper bevor which is pierced at each side with ten small vertical ventilation-slots arranged in four columns, and the lower bevor strongly shaped to the chin, pierced at each side with seven small circular auditory-holes in rosetteformation, and secured at the right side to the upper bevor and skull respectively by spring-catches with push-button releases (the skull patched at each side around its pivot-holes, and the whole lightly patinated overall) 26.7 cm; 10 ½ in £2000-3000 237 A SOUTH GERMAN CLOSE HELMET FOR HEAVY FIELD USE, CIRCA 1530 with rounded one-piece skull boxed in four panels and rising at its apex to a short point, fitted at its flanged rear edge (the right end patched) with a single rounded gorget-plate, and at its front with a rounded ‘monkey-faced’ visor and bevor (respectively restored and associated) attached by common pivots (restored), the visor formed with a stepped and centrally-divided vision-slit and pierced over the face with numerous small circular ventilation-holes, and the bevor flanged outwards to receive a single obtusely-pointed gorget-plate (restored) formed with an inward turn file-roped with pairs of lines en suite with the corresponding rear plate (the whole lightly patinated overall) 26.7 cm; 10 ½ in £1500-2000

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238 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET EMBOSSED IN THE ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ FASHION, CIRCA 1570-80 with one-piece skull boxed in four panels and rising at its apex to an acorn-shaped finial, projecting forward at the brow to a broad obtusely-pointed integral peak, fitted at its flanged rear edge with a short rounded one-piece neck-guard, and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five small auditory-holes in dice-formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders and its surfaces decorated with four radiating raised bands, medially-ridged on the skull, all originally burnished bright against a blackened ground (now cleaned to a mottled patina overall) 25.5 cm; 10 in £900-1200 239 A SOUTH GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BURGONET, CIRCA 1570-80 with one-piece skull boxed in four panels and rising at its apex to an acorn-shaped finial, projecting forward at the brow to a broad obtusely-pointed integral peak, fitted at its flanged rear edge with a short rounded one-piece neck-guard, and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five small auditory-holes in dice-formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders and its surfaces decorated with four radiating raised bands, medially-ridged on the skull, all burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 24.0 cm; 9 ½ in £900-1200 240 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1560 with one-piece skull boxed in four panels and rising at its apex to an acorn-shaped finial, fitted at the brow with a broad obtuselypointed pivoted peak struck at its point with quality-control mark of the City of Nuremberg, at its flanged rear edge with a short obtusely-pointed neck-guard (associated, but probably from the same series), and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders (lightly to moderately patinated overall) 24.0 cm; 9 ½ in £900-1200 241 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET EMBOSSED IN THE ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ FASHION, CIRCA 1570-80 with one-piece skull boxed in four panels and rising at its apex to an acorn-shaped finial, projecting forward at the brow to a broad obtusely-pointed integral peak (patched at each side), fitted at its flanged rear edge with a short rounded one-piece neck-guard, and cut out at each side to receive a hinged cheek-piece, the left one (associated) flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five small auditory-holes in dice-formation, and the right one missing, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders decorated with stylised acanthus foliage, and its surfaces decorated with four radiating raised bands, medially-ridged on the skull, all originally burnished bright against a blackened ground (now oxidised overall and painted black) 25.0 cm; 9 ¾ in £500-700 89


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242 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET EMBOSSED IN THE ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ FASHION, CIRCA 1570-80 with one-piece skull boxed in four panels and rising at its apex to a later slender tubular finial, projecting forward at the brow to a broad obtusely-pointed integral peak (patched at each side), fitted at its flanged rear edge with a short rounded one-piece neckguard, and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five small auditory-holes in dice-formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders and its surfaces decorated with four radiating raised bands, medially-ridged on the skull, all originally burnished bright against a blackened ground (now cleaned to a mottled patina overall) 25.5 cm; 10 in £800-1200 243 A SOUTH GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BURGONET, CIRCA 1570-80 with one-piece skull boxed in four panels and rising at its apex to an acute point, projecting forward at the brow to a broad obtusely-pointed integral peak, fitted at its flanged rear edge with a short rounded one-piece neck-guard, and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (associated) flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five small auditory-holes in dice-formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders and its surfaces decorated with four radiating raised bands, medially-ridged on the skull, all burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 22.8 cm; 9 in £800-1200 244 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BURGONET, CIRCA 1600-10 with rounded two-piece skull joined along the crest of an exceptionally high file-roped medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to a broad obtusely-pointed integral peak and rearwards at the nape to a matching integral neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard (the inlet for the left cheek- piece cracked at two points of its edge), the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by recessed borders and each side of its crown decorated with a longitudinal band burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 30.7 cm; 12 ¼ in £1200-1500 245 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BURGONET, CIRCA 1600-10 with rounded two-piece skull joined along the crest of a high file-roped medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to a broad acutely-pointed integral peak and rearwards at the nape to a matching integral neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard, the main edges of the helmet formed with notched inward turns accompanied by raised borders and each side of its crown decorated with a longitudinal band burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 29.0 cm; 11 ⅜ in £1100-1400

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246 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BURGONET, CIRCA 1600-10 with rounded two-piece skull joined along the crest of a high file-roped medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to a broad acutely-pointed integral peak and rearwards at the nape to an obtusely-pointed integral neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (the right associated) flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard, the main edges of the helmet formed with notched inward turns accompanied by raised borders and each side of its crown decorated with a longitudinal band burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 29.0 cm; 11 ⅜ in £1000-1300 247 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BURGONET, CIRCA 1560-70 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high file-roped medial comb, fitted at the brow with a broad obtusely-pointed peak and rearwards at the nape to a matching neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (the left associated) flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard, and pierced at its centre with five small auditory-holes in dice-formation, those of the right located within a raised circular panel, the main edges of the helmet, except for those at the fronts of the cheek-pieces, formed with file-roped inward turns, and its surfaces decorated with recessed bands and borders burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 26.0 cm; 10 ¼ in £800-1100 248 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BURGONET, CIRCA 1560 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high file-roped medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to a short rounded integral peak and rearwards at the nape to a matching integral neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (associated), the right flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five small auditory holes in dice-formation, and the left flanged outwards at both its front and lower edges to serve as continuations of the peak and neck-guard respectively and pieced at its centre with six small holes in rosette-formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns separated (except on the right cheek-piece) by a narrow groove from a raised band burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 27.9 cm; 11 in £700-1000 249 A GERMAN BURGONET WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION IN THE ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ FASHION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded two-piece skull joined along the crest of a high medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to a short obtuselypointed integral peak and rearwards at the nape to a matching integral neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece, each side of its crown decorated with a longitudinal band originally burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (now heavily oxidised and painted black overall) 26.4 cm; 10 ⅜ in £400-700 91


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250 250 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, PROBABLY AUGSBURG, CIRCA 1600 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to a short obtusely-pointed integral peak and rearwards at the nape to a matching integral neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five small auditory-holes in dice-formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns, and its surfaces retaining a black-from-the-hammer finish overall (the nape pierced with several later small holes, probably for the attachment of a plume-holder) 28.0 cm; 11 in £1000-1400

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252 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1600-10 with a heavy rounded two-piece skull joined along the crest of a high medial comb, fitted internally with a quilted canvas lining sewn to a leather lining-band, within the brow with a fixed peak truncated at its acute point where it is struck internally with three triangular construction-marks, at its flanged rear edge with a rounded neck-guard, and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five small auditory-holes in dice-formation, the right one struck at its front edge with the arsenal or serial number ‘76’, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns, and its surfaces retaining a black-from-thehammer finish overall 26.5 cm; 10 ⅜ in £900-1300

251 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION IN THE ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ FASHION, LATE 16TH CENTURY with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high file-roped medial comb, fitted at the brow with a broad, rounded peak attached by pivots (replaced) and pierced at its centre with a later slot, perhaps to accommodate a nasal-bar, fitted at its left rear with a possibly later plume-tube, at its flanged rear edge with a rounded neck-guard of two lames, and at each side with a hinged cheek-piece flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a single neck-lame and pierced at its centre, within a raised circular panel, with five small auditory-holes arranged in dice-formation and connected to one another by an incised cross, the two cheek-pieces overlapping at the chin and fastened there to one another by a pierced stud and swivelhook (the latter and the hole to accommodate the stud moved a small distance inwards), the main edges of the helmet formed with file-roped inward turns except around the faceopening where they are only flanged inwards and roped, and its surfaces decorated with raised or recessed bands and borders all originally burnished bright, along with the comb and the circular panels of the cheek-pieces, against a blackened ground, now painted black overall 29.0 cm; 11 ⅜ in £1000-1300 92

253 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, AUGSBURG, CIRCA 1600 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to a short rounded integral peak struck at the front with the fir-cone mark of the city of Augsburg, flanged outwards at the rear to receive an obtuselypointed neck-guard, and fitted at the left side with a cheek-piece (that at the right missing) now attached by a leather rather than a hinge as originally, flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five small auditory-holes in diceformation, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns, and its surfaces retaining a black-from-thehammer finish overall 26.7 cm; 10 ½ in £300-500


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254 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, AUGSBURG, CIRCA 1600 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to a short obtusely-pointed integral peak struck at the front with the fir-cone mark of the city of Augsburg, flanged outwards at the rear to receive an obtusely-pointed neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (the right buckled and lacking a rivet where it connects to the hinge) flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with five small auditoryholes in dice-formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns, and its surfaces retaining a black-from-the-hammer finish overall 26.7 cm; 10 ½ in £800-1200 255 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1600 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to a short acutely-pointed integral peak, flanged outwards at the rear to receive an obtusely-pointed neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (associated and earlier) flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with nine small auditory-holes in rosette-formation, the main edges of the helmet formed with inward turns, file-roped in the case of those of the cheek-pieces, and its surfaces retaining a black-from-the-hammer finish overall (refreshed with black paint) 31.8 cm; 12 ½ in £700-1000 256 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1600 with rounded two-piece skull joined along the crest of a high file-roped medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to an acutelypointed integral peak (its right edge chipped at two points) and backwards at the nape to a matching integral neck-guard, and fitted at each side with a hinged cheek-piece (the right associated and the skull slightly cracked at the upper end of its hinge) flanged outwards at its lower edge to serve as a continuation of the neck-guard and pierced at its centre with a single small auditory-hole, the main edges of the helmet formed with notched inward turns, and its surfaces retaining a black-from-thehammer finish overall (refreshed with paint) 26.5 cm; 10 ⅜ in £600-900 257 A GERMAN BURGONET, CIRCA 1600 with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high medial comb, fitted at the brow with a broad obtusely-pointed fixed peak, at the rear with a rounded neck-guard, and cut away at each side to accommodate a missing hinged cheek-piece (the cut-outs cracked around their edges), roughly pierced around the brow, nape and the inlets for the cheek-pieces with pairs of stitch-holes added during working-life, and formed at its main edges with plain inward turns (lightly patinated overall) 26.6 cm; 10 ½ in £200-400

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258 A SOUTH GERMAN BURGONET, POSSIBLY AUGSBURG, CIRCA 1600; AND A SOUTH GERMAN LEFT CHEEK-PIECE FOR A BURGONET, CIRCA 1600 the first with rounded one-piece skull rising to a high medial comb, projecting forward at the brow to an obtusely-pointed integral peak struck at the front with an indistinct mark, flanged outwards at the rear to receive a rounded neck-guard (restored) and fitted at its right side with hinged cheek-piece (both it and its hinge restored; the left cheek-piece missing), the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns, and its surfaces retaining a black-from-the-hammer finish overall (refreshed with paint); the second of sub-rectangular form with cropped upper corners, the rear one fitted internally with the proximal end of a hinge, its lower edge flanged outwards and its centre pierced with five holes in dice-formation within a raised circular panel originally burnished bright against a blackened ground The first 26.0 cm; 10 ¼ in: the second 15.0 cm; 5 ⅞ in (2) £200-400 259 A NORTH GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high medial comb, and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear, the edge of the brim formed with a plain inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by twelve lining-rivets of which seven retain their brass rosette-washers, and fitted at the nape with a later tubular plume-holder attached by soft solder between two rivets for the attachment of the original plume-holder, and each side decorated in low relief with an octofoil enclosed by a circle bordered by stylised acanthus foliage burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 27.9 cm; 11 in £700-1000 260 A NORTH GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high medial comb, and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear, the edge of the brim formed with a plain inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by twelve lining-rivets of which five retain their brass rosette-washers, and fitted at the nape with a later plume-holder attached by soft solder, and each side decorated in low relief with a hexafoil enclosed by a circle bordered by stylised acanthus foliage burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 26.0 cm; 10 ¼ in £700-1000 261 A NORTH GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high medial comb, and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear, its edge formed with a plain inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets of which five retain their brass rosette-washers, and fitted at the nape with a later plume-holder of small size attached by two further rivets, and each side decorated in low relief with a fleur-de-lis enclosed by a circle bordered by stylised acanthus foliage burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 26.0 cm; 10 ¼ in £700-1000

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262 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high file-roped medial comb, its rear fitted with a later plume-holder, and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear, its edge formed with a notched inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets of which all but one retain their brass rosette-washers, and each side decorated in low relief with a large fleur-de-lis burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 25.0 cm; 9 ⅞ in £600-900 263 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of high file-roped medial comb, its rear fitted with a later plume-holder, and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear, its edge formed with a notched inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets of which eight retain their brass rosette-washers, and each side decorated in low relief with a large fleur-de-lis burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 25.0 cm; 9 ⅞ in £600-900 264 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high file-roped medial comb, and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear (the tip of the rear one bent upwards), the edge of the brim formed with a notched inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets of which eight retain their brass rosette-washers, and each side decorated in low relief with a large fleur-de-lis burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 25.0 cm; 9 ⅞ in £600-900 265 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high medial comb, and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear, the edge of the brim formed with a notched inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by twelve lining-rivets with brass rosette-washers, and fitted at the nape with a later tubular plume-holder attached by soft solder between two rivets for the attachment of the original plume-holder, and each side decorated in low relief with a large fleur-de-lis burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (worn at points) 25.5 cm; 10 in £700-1000 266 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high file-roped medial comb, and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear, its edge formed with a notched inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets with brass rosette-washers (in one case replace by a square washer), and each side decorated in low relief with a large fleur-de-lis burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint), the front right of the brow painted with the red arsenal number ‘33’ 26.3 cm; 10 ⅜ in £600-900 95


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267 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of a high file-roped medial comb (showing a small loss towards its front end), and ‘swept’ integral brim (pierced at its left side with a later hole) rising to an acute point front and rear (in each case bent up slightly and split), its edge formed with a notched inward turn, the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets of which eight retain their brass rosette-washers, and each side decorated in low relief with a large fleur-de-lis burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 25.0 cm; 9 ⅞ in £500-700 268 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ COMB MORION, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with rounded two-piece crown joined along the crest of high file-roped medial comb (slightly damaged to the front of its apex), and ‘swept’ integral brim rising to an acute point front and rear, its edge formed with a notched inward turn (showing small crack at one side), the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets of which eight retain their brass rosette-washers, and each side decorated in low relief with a large fleur-de-lis burnished bright, along with each side of the comb, against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 25.4 cm; 10 in £600-900 269 A GERMAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, CIRCA 1600 with one-piece crown of rounded almond shape and narrow flat integral brim (cracked and slightly bent up at its left side) projecting to a rounded obtuse point front and rear, its edge formed with plain inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets (replaced) of which two at each side also serve to suspend a narrow slightly tapering one-piece cheek-piece (the two not forming a pair), and fitted at the rear with two further such rivets securing a later plume-holder of copper, and the whole retaining its original black-from-the-hammer finish (refreshed with paint) 25.0 cm; 9 ⅞ in (with cheek-pieces) £300-400 270 A GERMAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, CIRCA 1600 with one-piece crown of rounded almond shape and narrow flat integral brim projecting to a rounded obtuse point front and rear, its edge formed with a plain inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets (replaced) of which two at each side also serve to suspend a narrow slightly tapering one-piece cheek-piece, and fitted at the rear with two further such rivets securing a later plume-holder of copper, and the whole retaining its original black-from-the-hammer finish 29.0 cm; 11 ⅜ in (with cheek-pieces) £300-450 271 A GERMAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, CIRCA 1600 with one-piece crown of rounded almond shape and narrow flat integral brim projecting to an obtuse point front and rear, its edge formed with a plain inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets (replaced) of which two at each side also serve to suspend a narrow slightly tapering one-piece cheek-piece (the right one missing), and fitted at the rear with two further such rivets securing a later plume-holder of copper, and the whole retaining its original black-from-the-hammer finish (some wear and delamination of the metal at the upper right of crown) 31.0 cm; 12 ¼ in (with cheek-piece) £300-400 272 A GERMAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, CIRCA 1600 with one-piece crown of rounded almond shape and narrow flat integral brim projecting to an obtuse point front and rear, its edge formed with a plain inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets (replaced) of which two at each side also serve to suspend a narrow slightly tapering one-piece cheek-piece, and the whole retaining its original black-from-the-hammer finish (worn at points) 30.0 cm; 11 ¾ in (with cheek-pieces) £300-450

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273 A GERMAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, CIRCA 1600 with one-piece crown of rounded almond shape and narrow flat integral brim projecting to an obtuse point front and rear, its edge formed with a plain inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by twelve lining-rivets (replaced) of which two at each side also serve to suspend a narrow slightly tapering one-piece cheek-piece (the right one missing), and the whole retaining its original black-from-the-hammer finish (the base of the crown showing a minute perforation at its rear) 28.0 cm; 11 in (with cheek-piece) £300-400 274 A GERMAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, CIRCA 1600 with one-piece crown of rounded almond shape and narrow near-flat integral brim projecting to an obtuse point front and rear, its edge formed with a plain inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets (replaced) of which two at each side also serve to suspend a narrow slightly tapering one-piece cheek-piece (the right partly detached at its front end), and fitted at the rear with two further such rivets securing a later plume-holder of copper, and the whole retaining its original black-from-the-hammer finish (extensively worn) 27.0 cm; 10 ⅝ in (with cheek-pieces)

269

£300-400 275 A GERMAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, CIRCA 1600 with one-piece crown of rounded almond shape and narrow flat integral brim projecting to a rounded obtuse point front and rear, its edge formed with a plain inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by nine (originally ten) lining-rivets (replaced), and fitted at the rear with two further such rivets securing a later plume-holder of copper, and the whole retaining its original black-from-the-hammer finish (the left of the brim pitted and showing a slight loss at the centre of its edge) 19.0 cm; 7 ½ in

277 A GERMAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, CIRCA 1600 with one-piece crown of rounded almond shape (showing extensive delamination of its metal at one side) and narrow flat integral brim (cracked and slightly bent up at several points) projecting to a rounded obtuse point front and rear, its edge formed with a plain inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets (replaced), and the whole retaining its original black-from-the-hammer finish 19.0 cm; 7 ½ in £200-300

£300-400 276 A GERMAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, CIRCA 1600 with one-piece crown of rounded almond shape and narrow flat integral brim projecting to an obtuse point front and rear, its edge formed with a plain inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by eight (originally ten) lining-rivets (replaced), and fitted at the rear with two further such rivets securing a later plume-holder of copper, and the whole retaining its original black-from-the-hammer finish (lightly pitted and patinated in parts) 18.0 cm; 7 ⅜ in

278 A GERMAN MORION IN THE SPANISH FASHION, CIRCA 1600 with one-piece crown of rounded almond shape (bruised at it top front) and narrow flat integral brim (cracked at several points) projecting to a rounded obtuse point front and rear, its edge formed with a plain inward turn and the base of the crown encircled by ten lining-rivets (replaced), and the whole retaining its original black-from-the-hammer finish (showing extensive delamination and patching of its metal, and its colour refreshed with paint) 19.5 cm; 7 ⅝ in £200-300

£300-400

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283 279 AN INDIAN MAIL SHIRT, 19TH CENTURY formed entirely of small butted rings of circular-section wire, with a central opening at the front, short sleeves and a hip-length skirt divided at the rear (extensive holing and loses) £100-130 280 A SKIRT OF MAIL, 19TH CENTURY BUT PROBABLY CUT FROM AN EARLIER MAIL SHIRT OF EASTERN ORIGIN formed entirely of riveted rings of rectangular-section wire, with an opening at the rear, a deep V-shaped apron at the front, and attached at its upper edge to a broad belt of canvas faced with olive-coloured velvet fastened by a single ended gilt copper alloy buckle £100-130 281 A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, FIRST HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY with rounded two-piece skull joined by a turn along the crest of a high medial comb, fitted at its brow with a flat obtusely-pointed peak, at its nape with an acutely-pointed neck-guard of four lames, and at each side with a broad scutiform pendent cheek-piece pierced at its centre, within an almond-shaped boss, with four small auditory holes, the peak pierced at its centre with a pentagonal-hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar (replaced) faceted for the greater part of its length, terminating at its upper end in a stepped, leaf-shaped finial, and retained by staple and locking-screw (replaced) at the brow, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns and its surfaces coloured black over light pitting 30.6 cm; 12 ⅛ in £800-1100 282 A GERMAN ZISCHÄGGE, MID-17TH CENTURY with one-piece hemispherical skull embossed with six radiating ribs and fitted at its apex with a transversely-pierced finial and circular washer, at its brow with a flat obtusely-pointed peak, at its nape with a flaring neck-guard of four lames, and at each side with a pendent scutiform cheek-piece (the right detached at its front end) pierced at its centre with seven auditory holes in rosette-formation, the peak incised on its underside with the characters ‘XVI·’ and pierced at its rear with a rectangular hole to accommodate a sliding nasal-bar with a leaf-shaped upper end struck with the mark ‘M’ and retained by a staple and lockingscrew at the brow, the main edges of the helmet formed with plain inward turns and its surfaces coloured black overall 27.5 cm; 10 ½ in £700-900 283 A GREAT HELM IN THE EUROPEAN STYLE OF CIRCA 1370, LATE 19TH CENTURY formed of six plates secured to one another by large round-headed rivets, the top three forming a tall crown that tapers markedly to its upper end where it was originally fitted with a separate domed cap, and the lower two descending as a deep tubular defence over the top of the chest and back, a gap between the front of the crown and the front of the lower section forming a single broad vision-slit, and the right of the chin of the lower section pierced beneath with cross-shaped and circular ventilation-holes with a vertically-pierced staple for the attachment of a chain-guard (the surface of the helm pitted and covered over with silver paint) 34.5 cm; 13 ⅝ in £150-200 98


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284 A SOUTH GERMAN BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1540 with a medially ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, formed at its upper edge with a broad slightly concave neckopening incised to the right of centre with a serial number formed of four vertical lines, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets, flanged outwards to receive a fauld of two (originally three) lames, the neck and arm-openings each formed with boldly roped inward turns accompanied in the case of the former by a recessed border (lightly patinated overall; the fauld-lames showing slight de-lamination of their metal) 39.8 cm; 15 ⅝ in £1400-1700 285 A SOUTH GERMAN BREASTPLATE WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION IN THE ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ FASHION, NUREMBERG, CIRCA 1540-50 with a medially ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, formed at its upper edge with a broad slightly concave neckopening struck at the right with the quality-control mark of the city of Nuremberg and incised at the left with a serial number formed of a chevron followed by four vertical lines, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets (the left lacking a small part of its lower end), the right accompanied by a pair of plugged later holes for the attachment of a lance-rest, and overlapped at its lower edge by a short waist-lame flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of three lames (the second patched at its right side), the lowest of which is cut over the crotch with a shallow arch and pierced to either side of it with a pair of holes for the attachment of tassets, the main edges of the breastplate and its fauld formed with bold file-roped inward turns and its surfaces decorated with medially-ridged recessed bands and borders burnished bright against an originally blackened ground (now cleaned to a mottled bright finish overall) 46.0 cm; 18 ⅛ in £1200-1500 286 A GERMAN BREASTPLATE OF SIEGE-WEIGHT, CIRCA 1600-10 in the late ‘peascod’ fashion, formed in one piece with a flanged lower edge and a mushroom-shaped stud to either side of the deep neck-opening for the attachment of a shoulder strap, the main edges of the neck- and arm-openings formed with outward-flanged edges, and the surface of the breastplate originally coloured black from the hammer but now cleaned to a mottled bright finish 36.5 cm; 14 ⅜ in £500-700 99


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287 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1570-80 with a medially ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, formed at its upper edge with a broad slightly concave neckopening, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of two lames, the lowest of which is cut over the crotch with a shallow arch and pierced to either side of it with two pairs of rivet-holes (partly occupied by later rivets) for the attachment of tassets, the main edges of the breastplate and fauld formed with inward turns, file roped in the case of the former and notched in the case of the latter, and their surfaces decorated with raised bands and borders burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint; the centre of the breastplate showing slight delamination of its metal) 45.0 cm; 17 ⅝ in £1200-1500 288 A GERMAN BREASTPLATE WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION IN THE ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ FASHION, CIRCA 1570-80 with a medially ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, formed at its upper edge with a broad straight neck-opening, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of three lames, the lowest of which is cut over the crotch with a shallow arch and pierced to either side of it with two pairs of rivet-holes (partly occupied by later rivets) for the attachment of tassets, the main edges of the breastplate and fauld formed with file-roped inward turns, and their surfaces decorated with raised bands and borders burnished bright against an originally blackened ground (now cleaned to a mottle bright finish overall) 48.5 cm; 19 ⅛ in £1200-1500 289 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1580 with a medially ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, formed at its upper edge with a broad straight neck-opening, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of two lames, the lowest of which is cut over the crotch with a shallow arch and pierced to either side of it with two pairs of rivet-holes (partly occupied by later rivets) for the attachment of tassets, the main edges of the breastplate and fauld formed with file-roped inward turns, and their surfaces decorated with raised bands and borders burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 47.6 cm; 18 ¾ in £1200-1500

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290 A GERMAN BREASTPLATE WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION IN THE ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ FASHION, CIRCA 1570-80 with a medially ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, formed at its upper edge with a broad straight neck-opening, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of three lames, the lowest of which is cut over the crotch with a shallow arch and pierced to either side of it with two pairs of rivet-holes (partly occupied by later rivets) for the attachment of tassets, the main edges of the breastplate and fauld formed with inward turns, fileroped in the case of the former and notched in the case of the latter, and their surfaces decorated with raised bands and borders burnished bright against an originally blackened ground (now cleaned to a mottle bright finish overall) 45.7 cm; 14 ⅛ in £1200-1500 291 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1580 with a medially ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly (the apex of the projection braze-repaired), formed at its upper edge with a broad straight neck-opening, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of three lames, the lowest of which is cut over the crotch with a shallow arch and pierced to either side of it with two pairs of rivet-holes (partly occupied by later rivets) for the attachment of tassets, the main edges of the breastplate and fauld formed with inward turns, file-roped in the case of the former and notched in the case of the latter, and their surfaces decorated with raised bands and borders burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 44.4 cm; 16 in £1100-1400 292 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1570-80 with a medially ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, formed at its upper edge with a broad slightly concave neckopening, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets (the lower end of the right creased) and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of two lames (associated), the lowest of which is cut over the crotch with a shallow arch and pierced to either side of it with two pairs of rivet-holes (partly occupied by later rivets) for the attachment of tassets, the main edges of the breastplate and fauld formed with file-roped inward turns, and their surfaces decorated with raised bands and borders burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 44.5 cm; 17 ⅜ in £1100-1300

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293 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1570-80 with a medially ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, formed at its upper edge with a broad slightly concave neckopening, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of three lames (associated), the lowest of which is cut over the crotch with a shallow arch and pierced to either side of it with two pairs of rivetholes (partly occupied by later rivets) for the attachment of tassets, the main edges of the breastplate and fauld formed with inward turns, file-roped in the case of the former and notched in the case of the latter, and their surfaces decorated with raised bands and borders burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint; the first two fauld-lames creased at their right end) 45.5 cm; 18 in £1100-1300 294 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1570-80 with a medially ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, formed at its upper edge with a broad slightly concave neckopening, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of three lames, the lowest of which is cut over the crotch with a shallow arch and pierced to either side of it with two pairs of rivet-holes (partly occupied by later rivets) for the attachment of tassets, the main edges of the breastplate and fauld formed with file-roped inward turns, and their surfaces decorated with raised bands and borders burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 45.5 cm; 18 in £1000-1300 295 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1570-80 with a medially ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly (the apex of the projection split), formed at its upper edge with a broad slightly concave neck-opening, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and flanged outwards at its lower edge to receive a fauld of one (originally two or three) lames, the main edges of the breastplate formed with file-roped inward turns, and its surfaces decorated with raised bands and borders burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 43.0 cm; 17 in £1000-1300 296 A GERMAN ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ BREASTPLATE, CIRCA 1590 with a medially ridged main plate projecting forward over the belly, formed at its upper edge with a narrow concave neck-opening, fitted at its arm-openings with moveable gussets and flanged outwards at its lower edge (the flange patched at its centre) to receive a fauld of three lames (associated and composite), the lowest of which is cut over the crotch with a small arch and pierced to either side of it with a pair of rivet-holes for the attachment of tassets, the main edges of the breastplate and fauld formed with file-roped inward turns accompanied by a narrow groove, and their surfaces decorated with raised bands and borders burnished bright against a blackened ground (refreshed with paint) 46.0 cm; 18 ⅛ in £800-1100 102


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297 A GERMAN COLLAR, POSSIBLY NUREMBERG, EARLY 17TH CENTURY formed of a single plate front and rear, each with a low upstanding flange at its neck-opening, the deep U-shaped front plate connected to the shorter rear one at the left by a pivoting rivet and closed at the right by a mushroom-headed stud and keyholeslot, the main edges of both plates formed with plain inward turns accompanied by small round-headed lining-rivets with circular internal washers retaining leather lining-bands, and their surfaces retaining slight traces of engraved decoration formed in each case of three diverging bands of paired squares enclosing saltires and single liner of such squares around the border, all scored through a former black-from-the-hammer finish (now cleaned to mottled bright finish) 14.7 cm; 5 ⅞ in £500-700 298 A GERMAN COLLAR, POSSIBLY NUREMBERG, EARLY 17TH CENTURY formed of a single plate front and rear, each with a low upstanding flange at its neck-opening, the deep, broad U-shaped front plate connected to the shorter rear one at the left by a pivoting rivet and closed at the right by a mushroom-headed stud and keyhole-slot, the main edges of both plates formed with plain inward turns accompanied by small round-headed lining-rivets with circular internal washers retaining leather lining-bands, and their surfaces retaining slight traces of engraved decoration formed in each case of three diverging bands and a border of triple incised lines, all scored through a former black-from-the-hammer finish (now cleaned to mottled bright finish) 13.8 cm; 5 ½ in £500-700 299 A SOUTH GERMAN COLLAR, PROBABLY AUGSBURG, LATE 16TH CENTURY formed of three lames front and rear, the lowest of which is in each case deeper than the rest (the front one partly disarticulated) and the first of which is formed at its upper edge with a prominent file-roped inward turn, the two sections joined at the left by an internal hinge at its upper end and a pivoting-rivet at its lower end, and fastened at the right by a plain stud and hole at its upper end and a mushroom-shaped stud and keyhole-slot at its lower end, the lowest rear plate fitted over each shoulder with a hinged peg for the attachment of a pauldron (the left of brass restored) 15.3 cm; 6 in £700-1000 300 A VISOR FOR A SALLET IN THE GERMAN LATE 15TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY formed in one piece with a rounded brow and broad, stepped and partially divided vision-slit, the brow fluted and formed at its upper edge with scalloping, the lower edge formed with a plain inward turn, and the distal end of its pivot-arms decorated in each case with three projecting fleurs de lis (lightly patinated overall) 20.3 cm; 8 in £100-150

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301 301 A CHASTITY BELT IN THE LATE MEDIEVAL/RENAISSANCE STYLE, 19TH CENTURY formed of a tinned iron belt of five hinged strips, the central rear one of which is T-shaped and projects downwards over the anus where it is pieced with a trefoil aperture, to join by means of a further hinge a matching plate formed in two hinged pieces that projects upwards over the vulva where it is pierced with an almond shaped aperture, to fasten to the front of the belt by means of a small brass padlock and accompanying key, both the front and rear sections decorated with simple pierced ornament, and all elements pierced at their margins with small stitch-holes to attach a velvet lining coloured olive at the front and brown at the rear (in both cases faded in parts, the upper end of that plate and the right end of the belt each with a repaired crack, and the whole extensively but lightly oxidised) 27.5 cm; 10 ¾ in £700-900 302 TWO GERMAN GAUNTLETS FOR THE RIGHT HAND, EARLY 17TH CENTURY the first comprised of a long, flaring, obtusely-pointed cuff (its upper edge cut down from a more acutely-pointed form, perhaps in working life) with a shorter fixed inner plate (associated, perhaps in working life), four metacarpal-plates, a shaped knuckle-plate and a detached scaled finger-defence, the outer cuff plate retaining traces of a medial incised line and the remains, at its inward-turned upper edge of a triple incised line border, its surface blackened overall; the second comprised of a moderately long, widely-flaring, acutelypointed cuff, struck towards its upper end with five serial-dots in dice-formation, and fitted with a shorter fixed inner plate (broken through at its centre), a wrist-plate and four metacarpal-plates, the upper edge of the cuff (cracked at its centre) formed with a plain inward turn accompanied by a recessed border, its surface blackened overall The first 26.0 cm; 10 ¼ in: the second 24.0 cm; 9⅜ in £200-300

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303 A GERMAN FAULD AND TASSETS, LATE 16TH CENTURY the fauld of one lame and the tassets each of ten mediallyridged lames separable between the eighth and the ninth and terminating in a winged poleyn of four lames, the fauld-lame fitted to either side of its upper edge with a swivel-hook designed to engaged a pierced stud projecting from an underlying lame through a hole pierced adjacent to the hook, and cut at its lower edge with a shallow arch separating the tassets, the first lame of each tasset originally articulated directly to the fauld-lame but now suspended from it by three modern straps and buckles, the poleyns in each case pierced to either side of their lowest lame with a large and a small keyholeslot designed to fit respectively over a mushroom-shaped stud and turning-pin of a greave, the main edges of the fauld and tassets formed in part with neatly file-roped inward turns but in part also with simple raised edges (a small section of the inner edge of the fifth lame of the right tasset broken away 57.0 cm; 22 ½ in £1000-1600 304 A PAIR OF SOUTH GERMAN GREAVES AND SABATONS, LATE 16TH CENTURY each formed of a tubular greave opening at the inside of the calf and terminating just above the ankle where it is fitted with a bootee-like sabaton articulated six times at the front and eight times at the rear at the ankle, and a further eight times over the foot, the final lame of the sabaton forming a pointed toe-cap (the lames of both sabatons associated and bearing traces of earlier etched decoration, the right disarticulated beneath the left end of its lowest ankle-lame and corroded at the outer edge of its toe-cap). Left 45.0 cm; 17 ¾ in; Right 47 cm; 18 ½ in (2) £800-1200


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305 A SOUTH GERMAN RIGHT PAULDRON FOR FOOT COMBAT, PROBABLY AUGSBURG, LATE 16TH CENTURY formed of five upward-overlapping lames of which the first two extend inwards over the chest and back, and the last three extend only to the inside of the upper arm where they are overlapped front and rear by the flanged outer ends of a downward extension of the second lame, the first lame pierced at its apex with a circular hole to suspend it from a projecting pillar of the underlying collar, the last lame pierced with a similar hole at the centre of its lower edge to fit over a projecting stud of the underlying turner of a vambrace, the main edges of the pauldron turned inwards and, except on the flanges of the second lame, finely file-roped, and its subsidiary edges bevelled 24.0 cm; 9 ½ in

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£600-900 306 A PAIR OF COMPOSITE PAULDRONS, PROBABLY FLEMISH, EARLY 16TH CENTURY, AND GERMAN, MID-16TH CENTURY of large asymmetrical form, each composed of six lames overlapping outwards from the third (the rear of which is restored in the case of the right, and whole of which is restored in the case of the left), the upper three lames of early 16th century make in each case extending inwards over the chest and back, and the lower three lames of mid-16th century make in each case extending only to the inside of the upper arm, the right pauldron fitted at the front of its third lame, by means of a mushroom-shaped stud and a turning-pin, with a detachable reinforce flanged outwards at its upper edge to form a haute-piece (a similar reinforce missing from the left pauldron), the upper edges of the first and third lames formed with angular inward turns, and the lower edge of the lowest lame formed with a file-roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border (lightly patinated overall) Left 22.4 cm; 8 ¾ in; right 21.0 cm; 8 ¼ in

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£500-800 307 A SOUTH GERMAN VAMBRACE FOR THE RIGHT ARM WITH EMBOSSED DECORATION IN THE ‘BLACK AND WHITE’ FASHION, CIRCA 1570-80 formed of a tubular upper and lower cannon linked by an intervening winged couter of three lames, open at its rear, the flanged upper edge of the upper cannon furnished with a low tubular turner of one lame, and the lower cannon formed of two hinged plates opening at the front, the main edges of the vambrace formed with inward turns decorated with file roping on the wing of the couter and the cuff of the lower cannon, repeated on the rib of the turner, and its surfaces decorated with raised longitudinal bands and recessed borders all originally burnished bright against a blackened ground, now painted black overall 42.0 cm; 16 ¼ in £300-400

308 TWO COMPOSITE GERMAN SPAUDLERS FROM AN ‘ALMAIN COLLAR’, EARLY 17TH CENTURY differing from one another in small details but clearly mounted as a pair, each formed of six lames of which the second and sixth are deeper than the rest, the former shaped to the point of the shoulder and the latter cut away at its lower front corner to clear the inside of the elbow, the same two lames in the case of the left spaudler showing traces internally of ‘gothic’ style sprays of flutes that have subsequently been hammered out, the lower edge of both spaudlers formed with a file-roped inward turn accompanied by narrow grooves, the subsidiary edges of the right bordered by triple scored lines, and the surfaces of both blackened (the right spaudler patched at each end of its first lame and the front ends of its third and fourth lame, and the left spaudler patched at the front end of its fifth lame) Both 31.5 cm; 12 in £100-150 105


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309 309 A GERMAN CEREMONIAL MINERS GUILD AXE, LATE 17TH CENTURY AND A SPONTOON, MID-18TH CENTURY the first with rectangular axe-blade pierced with the miners’ device of a crossed hammer and pick, chiselled with foliage, impressed ‘6808’ on one side, square rear face (losses), on its wooden haft with engraved iron shoe; the second with goldpainted head of characteristic form (chips), moulded socket, a pair of straps, on its wooden haft (shortened) the first: 75.0 cm; 29 ½ in overall (2) £150-200 310 A DETACHED POMMEL FROM A RAPIER, ELEMENTS OF A RAPIER HILT, A MILITARY SWORD-GRIP, A CHAPE FROM A BEARING SWORD, 17TH CENTURY the first ovoid and retaining some silver encrusted scrolls and pellets (rubbed); the second incomplete, formed of russet bars and retaining traces of gilding; the third formed in two-stages of leather-covered wood; the fourth retaining traces of applied silver flowers and foliage; together with a dagger, probably 17th century, with stout blade, cylindrical iron grip with turned finial, in its iron scabbard with belt-loop; a Swedish hunting dagger, in its scabbard; a white metal stag’s head, chain and gilt-crown from a hunting sword garniture, early 19th century; two sword-belts and other elements; together with a bronze casting spru with a series of vestigial lugs and an iron loop (9) £120-180 311 TWO SPURS, PROBABLY 17TH CENTURY; A PAIR OF DRESS SPURS, AND A FURTHER SPUR, LATE 19TH/20TH CENTURY the first with seven-point star-shaped rowel, moulded neck and heel-band, the latter adapted for display; the second with pierced star-shaped rowel, curved moulded neck, and curved arched heel-band, fitted with tabs; the third chromed, with black leather straps; and the fifth similar the first: 12.5 cm; 5 in (5) £150-250 106


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314 312 A PAIR OF SPURS, 17TH CENTURY fitted with five-point star-shaped rowel, angular necks incorporating a tight scroll at the top, and arched writhen heel bands with figure-of-eight shaped terminals, each retaining its large pierced buckle and leather straps, now painted gold 14.5 cm; 5 ¾ in (2) £200-250 313 TWO SPURS, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY the first with star-shaped rowel, curved moulded neck, arched heel-band filed with a chevron design over the outer face, and retaining its original buckle, chain and tabs; the second with five-point star-shaped rowel, moulded neck, arched engraved heelband hinged on each side and fitted with a plain bar, and retaining its buckles the first: 12.5 cm; 5 in (2) £150-250 314 A RARE GERMAN HORSE MUZZLE, SECOND HALF OF THE 16TH CENTURY formed of a series of slender riveted bars, fitted at the centre with a chiselled salamander, at the cheeks with a pierced and chiselled panel filled with scrolling leafy tendrils and a rampant lion rondel, the base with a circular gothic tracery panel enclosed by Alpine clematis foliage, and the inner face formed of a series of three pairs of converging bars, the top with an early leather covering and a pair of iron rings for suspension (small chips, early working repairs, one inner bar incomplete) 16.0 cm; 6 ¼ in high Literature Antoni Romuald Chodyñski, Horse Muzzles, Munich 1987, pp. 4-20 It is likely that this muzzle originally incorporated an additional border along which was removed in its early life. For a related example formerly in the collection of Prince Carl of Prussia see Hiltl 1876, cat no. 1059. £4000-6000 107


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318, 319, 320 315 A FLINTLOCK TINDER LIGHTER, LATE 18TH CENTURY formed entirely of steel (now russet), box-lock action, fitted with external mechanism on the right and a hinged trap for tinder on the left, ball-shaped pommel, and a pair of forks for support at the front 19.5 cm; 7 in overall £100-150 316 TWO WHEEL-LOCK SPANNERS AND A POWDERMEASURE, 17TH CENTURY the first with curved barrel-shaped socket at the top, moulded shank with swivelling suspension-loop, and moulded socket at the base incorporating a turnscrew; the second formed of a recurved bar with a spanner at each end; and the last of tubular form with moulded finial the first: 12.8 cm; 5 in (3) £150-200 317 THREE RARE FLINTLOCK CARTRIDGES, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY, GERMAN OR DUTCH each formed of a cylindrical cartridge, fitted on the right with a screw-in pan and sprung steel (light rust) 6.0 cm; 2 ⅜ in overall For a gun incorporating this system formerly in the Visser Collection see de Vries and Martens 2007, cat. no. 925. £150-250 318 A GERMAN ENGRAVED COWHORN POWDER-FLASK, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with curved flattened body numbered ‘151’, the inner face engraved with a pattern of concentric circles, the outer face decorated with a hunter attacking a doe in a wooded landscape, and with iron mounts including cap with spring cutoff, belt-hook, basal cap and two rings for suspension 29.5 cm; 11 ⅝ in £250-350 108

319 A GERMAN ENGRAVED COWHORN POWDER-FLASK, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with curved flattened body, the inner face engraved with a pattern of concentric circles, the outer face decorated with a boar-hunting scene involving two hunters and hounds in a wooded landscape, and with iron mounts including belt-hook, basal cap and two rings for suspension (nozzle associated and detached) 27.0 cm; 10 ⅝ in £200-250 320 A GERMAN ENGRAVED COWHORN POWDER-FLASK, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with dark stained curved flattened body numbered ‘24’, the inner face plain, the outer surface decorated with a a heraldic shield charged with an eagle displayed, with iron mounts including nozzle with spring-closure and cut-off, basal cap, belthook and a ring for suspension (one ring missing) 31.0 cm; 12 ¼ in £250-350 321 A GERMAN ENGRAVED COWHORN POWDER-FLASK, EARLY 17TH CENTURY with curved flattened body numbered ‘199’, the inner face engraved with a pattern of concentric circles, the outer face decorated with a boar pursued by a hunter and a pair of hounds in a wooded landscape with a castle in the background, and with iron mounts including cap with spring cut-off (incomplete, now detached), belt-hook, basal cap and two rings for suspension 27.0 cm; 10 ⅝ in £200-250


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Military Edged Weapons and Militaria PROPERTY FROM THE ESTATE OF BRUCE GEORGE W.N.B. George (1915-2016) gained a first in Architecture at Liverpool University in 1937, where he studied Scandinavian “functionalist” influences on architecture, touring Sweden, Denmark and Finland. During the war he served with the Artists’ Rifles (28th London Regiment), the Royal Artillery (Anti-Aircraft Command) and 315 Battery, 5th Searchlight Regiment RA. In 1942 George was confined with 50,000 others in Changi Jail before being moved to the Burma-Thailand Railway in June 1943. Following the war he setup the architectural practice George, Trew & Dunn who, in 1959, were selected to redesign the Royal Military Chapel (the Guards Chapel) in Birdcage Walk, following its destruction by a V1 bomb during a service in June 1944. 322 A NAVAL OFFICER’S SPADROON, CIRCA 1790 with regulation blade retaining traces of etching, gilt-brass ‘five-ball’ hilt, fluted ivory grip interrupted by a gilt-brass band engraved with the owner’s initials ‘REV’ (gilding worn) 81.5 cm; 32 ⅛ in blade £300-500 323 A SCOTTISH OFFICER’S BROADSWORD, LATE 18TH/19TH CENTURY with broad double-edged blade inscribed ‘Runkel’ within a short fuller on each face, gilt-brass basket-hilt of rounded bars carrying alternating slender rectangular and near squareshaped panels, fluted bun-shaped pommel, and wire-bound fishskin-covered grip (some repairs and cracks, losses) 84.0 cm; 33 in blade £400-600

324 A NAVAL OFFICER’S SWORD FOR A MIDSHIPMAN OR WARRANT OFFICER, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with lightweight regulation blade with traces of crowned ‘GR’ cypher, brass stirrup hilt engraved with a fouled anchor on the langets, stepped pommel and sharkskin-covered grip, with its locket inscribed ‘Read Sword Cutler Portsmouth’ 71.5 cm; 28 ¼ in blade £120-180 325 TWO COURT SWORDS, 20TH CENTURY the first with hollow-ground triangular blade, burnished iron hilt including down-turned shell-guard, fluted pommel, integral grip, in its scabbard, the second with brass hilt including down-turned shell-guard cast with a crown in low relief the first: 78.0 cm; 30 ¾ in blade (2) £150-250 109


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VARIOUS OWNERS 326 A NAVAL LIEUTENANT’S SWORD, CIRCA 1812-15 with pipe-backed blade, brass stirrup hilt cast with a crowned fouled anchor on the langets, lionhead pommel, and chequered ebony grip (small cracks), in its brass-mounted leather scabbard, the mounts with traces of gilding 76.0 cm; 30 in blade £600-800 327 A NAVAL OFFICER’S SWORD, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with curved blade double-edged at the point, etched with foliage, ‘GR’ crowned and the crowned Royal Arms on the respective faces, signed ‘J.J.Runkel, Solingen’ on the back-edge, brass stirrup hilt engraved with a fouled anchor on the langets, and ivory grip formed of a whale’s tooth 72.0 cm; 28 ⅜ in blade ⦿ £500-700 328 A NAVAL OFFICER’S SWORD, CIRCA 1810 with curved single-edged blade etched and gilt with the crowned Royal cypher on one face and with trophies on the other all surrounded by foliage and with traces of blued finish, gilt-brass stirrup hilt engraved with a fouled anchor on the outer langet, and banded ivory grip (binding missing) 73.5 cm; 29 in blade ⦿ £500-700 329 AN 1805 PATTERN NAVAL COMMANDER’S SWORD with straight blade double-edged towards the tip, etched and gilt with scrolls of foliage, crowned GR cypher and a trophy-of-arms on the respective faces, gilt-brass stirrup hilt engraved with a fouled anchor on the langets, and banded ivory grip (age cracks, small chips at the top) bound with plaited silver wire 74.0 cm; 29 ¼ in blade ⦿ £400-700

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330 AN 1805 PATTERN NAVAL COMMANDER’S SWORD with straight blade double-edged towards the tip, etched with scrolls of foliage, crowned GR cypher and the crowned Royal arms on the respective faces, the back-edge signed ‘J. J. Runkel, Solingen’, gilt-brass stirrup hilt engraved with a fouled anchor on the langets, and banded ivory grip (chipped at the top) bound with plaited silver wire 73.8 cm; 29 ⅛ in blade ⦿ £400-600 331 AN 1805 PATTERN NAVAL LIEUTENANT’S SWORD with straight blade double-edged towards the point, brass stirrup hilt cast with a crowned fouled anchor on the langets, lionhead pommel, and fishskin-covered grip bound with copper wire 81.7 cm; 32 ¼ in blade £400-600 332 AN 1805 PATTERN NAVAL WARRANT OFFICER’S SWORD with straight blade double-edged towards the point, retaining traces of etched GR cypher and foliage on each face, gilt-brass hilt engraved with a fouled anchor on the langets stepped pommel, fishskin-covered grip bound with plaited wire, and traces of gilding 71.2 cm; 28 in blade £250-300 333 AN 1804 PATTERN NAVAL CUTLASS with straight single-edged blade of flattened triangular-section, engraved with the crowned ‘GR’ cypher on one face at the forte, figure-of-eight shaped sheet iron guard engraved ‘61’ on the outer face, and iron grip 71.8 cm; 28 ¼ in blade £300-500 334 AN ELIZABETH II NAVAL OFFICER’S SWORD with etched blade decorated with the crowned Royal cypher on one face and a crowned fouled anchor on the other, regulation brass hilt with folding side-guard, in its regulation scabbard 80.0 cm; 31 ½ in blade £250-350

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335 A NAVAL DIRK, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY with long double-edged blade formed with a central fuller on each face, brass hilt including a pair of straight slender quillons, oval guard, cushion-shaped pommel, and fluted ivory grip 40.5 cm; 16 in blade ⦿ £200-300 336 A NAVAL DIRK, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with straight double-edged blade formed with a near full-length fuller and etched with foliage on each face, brass hilt comprising cross-guard cast with acorns and oak foliage in low relief, lion mask cap pommel (loose) and turned ivory grip 28.5 cm; 11 ¼ in blade ⦿ £300-400 337 A GEORGIAN NAVAL DIRK, LATE 18TH CENTURY with tapering double-edged fullered blade etched and gilt with foliage on a blued panel, gilt-brass hilt comprising a pair of quillons formed as eagles displayed, one crowned (the other crown missing), turned hardwood grip, gilt-brass ferrule, associated brass pommel, in its gilt-brass scabbard engraved with foliage and a shield charged with the Union flag, with two writhen rings for suspension and a pair of belt clips 15.0 cm; 6 in blade £500-700

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338 A FINE NAVAL DIRK, LATE 18TH CENTURY, ALMOST CERTAINLY FOR A MEMBER OF THE EGYPTIAN CLUB with curved polished blade double-edged towards the point, gilt-brass hilt comprising small outer-guard pierced and chiselled with a crocodile, a pair of recurved quillons, faceted back-strap rising to form a maned lionhead pommel, banded ivory grip (age cracks), knuckle-chain (perhaps an early association), in its leather scabbard with brass mounts comprising locket and middle band and chape 31.5 cm; 12 ½ in blade Two days after the battle of the Nile, on the night of 3rd August 1798, the Captains of the fleet met on board the Orion, and inaugurated the ‘Egyptian Club’. A document was then drawn up, and signed by all present, inviting Sir Horatio Nelson to accept the gift of a sword and to have his portrait painted for the club. Nelson’s gold sword was ordered through Rundell & Bridge. There was a rumour in London that the eyes of the crocodile were to be of diamonds and the scales of amethysts, emeralds and other precious jewels but this proved unfounded. Nelson’s ‘Egyptian Club’ sword was sold at Christies on 12th July 1895 from the collection of Lord Bridport for£1,080. It was stolen from Greenwich Hospital in 1900 and never recovered. Little more is known of the ‘Egyptian Club’ who never seem to have met. The promised portrait was never completed although there was a story that a Neapolitan artist was invited to breakfast with the Captains but felt unworthy of the commission Nelson’s own sword was distinguished by an enamel plaque set into each side of the grip, one showing Lord Nelson’s arms and that on the reverse allegorical figures representing Britannia and Africa. On the guard was an enamel plaque representing the Battle of the Nile and a list of the captains who served: Captain Sir F. Berry, Vanguard; Captain T. Trowbridge, Cullodon; Captain R.W. Miller, Theseus; Captain A.J. Ball, Alexander; Captain Thomas Lewis, Minotaur; Captain Sir T.B. Thompson; Leander; Captain B. Hallowel, Swiftsure; Captain David Gould, Audacious; Captain John Peyton, Defence; Captain S. Hood, Zealous; Captain James Saumarez, Orion; Captain Thomas Foley, Goliath; Captain G.B. Westcott; Majestic; Captain H.D.E. Darby, Bellerophon; Captain S.M. Hardy, Mutine. Captain Westcott had been killed at the action The present dirk forms part of a very small group of dirks that were almost certainly made for members of the Egyptian club. Another, formerly in the collection of Nelson’s prize agent, Alexander Davison, was sold Sotheby’s, London, 21st October 2001, lot 14 and another was sold in these rooms, 4 December 2013, lot 73. ⦿ £3000-4000

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PROPERTY SOLD BY THE DESCENDANT FAMILY OF THE 8TH EARL OF AIRLIE 339 THE SILVER-MOUNTED GEM-SET SWORD PRESENTED OF DAVID WILLIAM STANLEY, 8TH EARL OF AIRLIE, BREVET MAJOR 10TH ROYAL HUSSARS, BY JOHN FRANCIS LATHAM FOR WILKINSON SWORD COMPANY, LONDON SILVER HALLMARKS 1885, NO. 27050 FOR 1885 with polished regulation blade, etched on one face with the presentation inscription in a central panel enclosed by elaborate scrollwork and, on the other, with further scrollwork, Regimental details, the owner’s full arms with crest, supporters and motto, maker’s details including ‘patent solid hilt’, and battle honours for Peninsula, Waterloo, Sevastopol, Ali Masjid, Afghanistan (1878-9) and Egypt 1884, silver triple-bar hilt including chequered backstrap engraved with the owner’s crest and motto beneath an earl’s coronet, composition grips inlaid with a green and red gem set bouquet of rose-cut diamonds on one face and the Regimental device, the Prince of Wales’s feathers in enamelled gold, gems and rose cut diamonds on the other, with a portion of its sword knot cord (knot missing), in its silver scabbard, with silver drag and two silver rings for suspension (small dents) 89.0 cm; 35 in blade The presentation inscription reads PRESENTED TO DAVID WILLIAM STANLEY, 8TH EARL OF AIRLIE, BREVET MAJOR 10TH ROYAL HUSSARS BY HIS TENANTS, NEIGHBOURS AND OTHER FRIENDS IN THE COUNTIES OF ANGUS AND PERTH IN TESTIMONY OF THEIR RESPECT AND ADMIRATION OF HIS GALLANT SERVICES IN AFGHANISTAN AND THE SOUDAN 1885 Lieutenant Colonel David Stanley William Ogilvy, 6th Earl of Airlie (titled 8th Earl during his life) was born on 20 January 1856 at Florence, Italy to David Graham Drummond Ogilvy, 5th Earl of Airlie and Hon. Henrietta Blanche Stanley. He was educated at Eton College and Balliol College, Oxford. He gained the rank of Lieutenant in 1874 in the service of the 1st Regiment, joining the Scots Guards the following year and 10th Hussars in 1876. He fought in the Second Afghan War between 1878 and 1879. He succeeded to the title of Lord Ogilvie, 6th Earl of Airlie on 25 September 1881. He fought in the Sudan Expedition in 1884 and the Nile Expedition between 1884 and 1885, being slightly wounded at Abu Klea and again at El Gubat, where he was twice mentioned in despatches. He held the office of Representative Peer for Scotland between 10 December 1885 and 1900. He married Lady Mabell Frances Elizabeth Gore, daughter of Arthur Saunders William Charles Fox Gore, 5th Earl of Arran of the Arran Islands and Lady Edith Elizabeth Henrietta Jocelyn, on 19 January 1886 at St. George’s Church, Hanover Square, London. He gained the rank of LieutenantColonel in December 1897 in the service of the 12th Lancers. He fought in the Boer War in 1900, and was mentioned in despatches for gallantry at Modder River, and was again wounded near Brandfort. He was killed in action on 11 June 1900 at Diamond Hill, Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa, after leading his regiment in a charge which saved the guns The following is an abbreviated account of the Battle of Diamond Hill, taken from Louis Creswicke’s South Africa and the Transvaal War (1901): The Boer rifle-men approached with such audacity with a view to the annihilation of the gunners of Q Battery and the capture of their pieces, that for protection sake the 12th Lancers were ordered to charge. The Earl of Airlie, who already had had his horse shot under him, was seeking a new charger. He joined his regiment in time to lead to the attack, but he found himself exposed to a murderous tornado from the southern slopes of Diamond Hill. Nevertheless, the charge of the valiant band, small though it now was, had a glorious result. Away scudded the Boers to both sides, scattering over the distance towards Diamond Hill, while their oppressive propinquity to the British guns was brought to an abrupt close. This done, Lord Airlie decided, as the horses were too jaded and overworked to engage in effective pursuit, to become no further involved. He was about to withdraw his regiment when suddenly a bullet caught him, and, almost instantly, he fell dead. Thus the Empire lost one of its finest soldiers, one of its most honourable, well-beloved of men The Wilkinson ledgers record this sword as a silver-hilted light Cavalry sword with patent tang, proofed 16 December 1881 and sold to Rt. Hon. The Earl of Airlie £4500-5500 114

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340 A WILLIAM IV 1822 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORD BY SALTER, SWORD CUTLER TO THE DUKE OF SUSSEX, CORNER OF ADELPHI STREET, 73 STRAND, LONDON, CIRCA 1830 of regulation type, with etched blade including the Royal cypher and maker’s details, regulation brass hilt with folding side-guard, in its brass-mounted leather scabbard 82.0 cm; 32 ¼ in blade

343 A U.S. MODEL 1840 LIGHT ARTILLERY SABRE, DATED 1865 of regulation type, with curved blade stamped ‘US/ADK’ with the date at the forte on one face and with Ames manufacturing inscription and the serial number ‘252’ on the other, brass hilt, leather-covered wire-bound grip, in its steel scabbard 83.0 cm; 32 ¾ in blade

£100-150

Provenance Milton R. Macintosh, Rhode Island, acquired December 1970, no. 11

341 A WILLIAM IV 1845 PATTERN INFANTRY OFFICER’S SWORD of regulation type, brass hilt with folding cypher and crowned ‘WRIV’ cypher, engraved ‘2BSFGds/Ml’, and fishskin-covered grip (small losses) 72.2 cm; 28 ½ in blade £70-90 342 A GEORGE V ROYAL ARTILLERY OFFICER’S SWORD BY DANIELS & COMPANY, ARTILLERY PLACE WOOLWICH of regulation type, with etched blade including crowned Royal cypher, the regimental name and device and maker’s details, nickel-plated triple-bar hilt, in its leather field service scabbard 83.5 cm; 32 ⅞ in blade £80-100

John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 3574 £90-140 344 A RARE CONFEDERATE STATES, FOOT OFFICER’S SWORD, CIRCA 1863-65 with curved single-edged blade cut with a long broad fuller on each face, stamped ‘C. Roby, W. Chelmsford., Mass.’, brass hilt pierced and cast in low relief, including the letters ‘CS’ beneath a five-point star on the outside, leather-bound grip retaining a very small portion of plaited wire binding, in a contemporary steel scabbard 89.0 cm; 35 in blade Provenance John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 3460 Christopher Roby is recorded 1814-99. It has been suggested that the sword was assembled by Boyle & Gamble or Boyle, Gamble & Mitchell, Virginia. £600-800

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345 A FINE FRENCH SILVER-MOUNTED FIRST EMPIRE OFFICER’S SABRE BY ST. ETIENNE, MAKER’S MARK OF ANTOINE-MODESTE FOURNERA, CIRCA 1806-11 with curved blade double-edged towards the tip, etched with stars and rondels on a gilt ground over its lower half, filled with celestial motifs, a trophy-of-arms carrying a Turkish warrior bust on one side and further trophies-of-arms on the other, rectangular ricasso formed with gilt recesses and with a raised semi-circular panel on each side, the back-edge decorated with a running pattern of leaves on a gilt ground, silver hilt formed in the neo-Turkish fashion, comprising cross-piece with pineapple-finials, chased with a pattern of scrollwork centring on an expanded flowerhead on one side, a further flowerhead on the reverse, and all on a finely punched ground, back-strap incised with a pair of lines, shaped horn grip-scales retained by a pair of rivets each covered by a drop-shaped washer, and the pommel pierced with a further pair of washers formed en suite, in its original leather-covered wooden scabbard, with shaped silver lower mount and large locket chased with neo-classical trophies in high relief on a punched ground on one side, including a visored helmet and a knightly shield in the upper panel and a glaive, baton, classical helmet and laurel wreath in the lower, engraved with an elaborate flower on the reverse and with an inscription, and fitted with a pair of mounts carrying suspension-rings each decorated en suite with the langets 82.0 cm; 32 in blade The inscription reads: ‘De St. Etienne, Ceinturier de S. M. L’Empur Barre des Sergents’ St. Etienne is recorded as a maker and retailer of deluxe accoutrements, including sabretaches and sword-fittings. A gold-hilted sword belonging to Napoleon by the celebrated maker Martin-Guillaume Biennais with a belt by St. Etienne is preserved in the Residenz, Munich. See Erichsen and Heinemann 2005, p. 220 no. 176. Antoine-Modeste Fournera is recorded as a maker of sword-hilts at 8 rue de Perpignan and 28 rue Neuve St Nicolas, Paris circa 1806-11

346 A FRENCH HORN RECTANGULAR SNUFF BOX COMMEMORATING THE VICTORY OF THE PYRAMIDS, EARLY 19TH CENTURY of pressed horn with hinged lid, the latter decorated with the victorious figures of Napoleon and his officer’s with the pyramids in the background, framed by the inscription ‘Songez que du il aut de ce monumens quarante siecles vous contemplent’ (small chips, the lid very slightly warped) 9.2 cm; 3 ⅝ in wide £250-350

£4500-5500

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347 A PLAID BROOCH OF THE BLACK WATCH AND ANOTHER, 20TH CENTURY the first charged with the regimental device, motto and ‘Egypt’ battle honour; the second charged with St Andrew crucified, and each retaining its pin the first: 9.5 cm; 3 ¾ in diameter (2) £150-250 348 AN OFFICER’S MESS DRESS OF THE 15TH LANCERS, INDIAN ARMY A British officer’s blue mess jacket of stable jacket style, with buff facings. The jacket edged all round, and on the cuffs, with 1-inch gold “Vandyke” pattern lace. Gilt studs to left front. Buff piping to back-seams. Plaited gold shoulder-cords bearing Lieutenant Colonel’s rank-badges. Red quilted cotton lining; and a companion buff cloth waistcoat, with upright collar, with ¾ inch gold lace edging. Five twisted loops of gold chain gimp each side, fastened with plain gilt ball buttons and trimmed with ornate Russia braid figuring. Pocket openings also edged with gold braid. Braid figuring severely rubbed, some stains to cloth

350 AN OFFICER’S UNDRESS TUNIC OF THE POONA HORSE, INDIAN ARMY A blue serge “frock” by Phelps & Co, IMA Dehradun, with upright French grey cloth collar and shaped backing to the steel shoulder-chains. Pleated patch breast pockets. The collar fitted with scarlet gorget tabs bearing leaves in gold embroidery. Brass buttons with regimental device. Shoulderchains fitted with the regimental “Hand” device in brass beneath Colonel’s rank-badges. Six post-Independence medalribbons on a detachable bar. Minor moth and in-service alterations £50-80 351 A LATE VICTORIAN OFFICER’S SERVICE DRESS OVERCOAT OF THE INDIAN MEDICAL SERVICE A single-breasted coat of massive khaki cloth, with four gilt IMS buttons with VRI cypher to front. A deep lapelled collar capable of being worn closed. Patch pockets above and below the waist, and turned-back cuffs. Shoulder-straps each bearing three large stars in gilt and enamel. Pale serge lining. Minimal moth externally, lining AF £50-70

£120-180 349 AN OFFICER’S FULL DRESS TUNIC AND OTHER ITEMS OF THE INDIAN PRESIDENT’S BODYGUARD A single-breasted red cloth tunic with blue collar and cuffs. Red slashes to cuffs and back skirts. Hook-and-eye fastening to front, with seven narrow braid loops each side, four above the waist, to fasten with brass regimental buttons, and three below. Three similar buttons, with small gold-embroidered loops, on cuff-slashes and two on skirt-slashes. Gold lotus leaf embroidery to ends of collar. Collar, cuffs and slashes edged with white piping. White lining. A massive plaited gold shoulder-cord, forming an aiguillette, to the right shoulder (rank-badges not fitted). Parachutist’s wings in gold embroidery to right breast. Left shoulder-cord missing, two buttons absent; a pair of overalls of lightweight blue cotton, with leather foot-straps and yellow piping between wide red cloth stripes; a pair of elastic-sided ankle boots, fitted with plated swan-necked box-spurs; a pair of black leather jack boots; a black felt shabraque, edged with a double row of yellow worsted braid; and a white sheepskin saddle-rug with wide black felt scalloped edging £120-160

352 AN INDIAN ARMY OFFICER’S CAMPAIGN JACKET. A jerkin of pale soft brown leather, with five horn buttons to front, and plain sleeves. Khaki serge lining with label of Huntsman & Sons, 41 Albemarle Street, named to Captain EAH Fell £50-70 353 A HUSSAR OFFICER’S BARREL SASH Narrow crimson cords with a woven gold collar at each end, a gold olivet at one end, and three rows of four woven gold barrels. The crimson drawstring with four woven sliders and gold acorn finials. Gold elements dull, crimson cords somewhat frayed £50-80 354 A CAVALRY TROOPER’S HELMET PLATE, 20TH CENTURY mounted on a velvet board £40-60 355 A PLUME FOR AN ADC’S TROPICAL HELMET. A drooping plume with short scarlet-over-white feathers and gilt screw fixing. In its cylindrical black tin £20-30

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356 358

356 A RARE BELT PLATE FOR THE AXMINSTER VOLUNTEERS, LATE 18TH CENTURY AND AN ARTILLERYMAN’S MEDALLION the first of brass, with a hook and two studs for attaching on the reverse, the front engraved with the crowned Regimental title enclosing the city gates device above the motto ‘Sic Donec’; the second of silvered metal, the front decorated with the figure of Saint Barbara, the obverse cast with a cannon enclosed by the inscription ‘Military Order of Saint Barbara for Artillerymen everywhere’, with its chain; together with a modern copy of a Dutch 17th century tile, painted in blue with a musketeer, after De Gheyn the first: 7.5 cm; 3 in high (3) Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002) £400-600 357 A GERMAN MODEL 1916 STAHLHEM, CIRCA 1916-18 pierced by a bullet through the brow and exiting at the back 17 cm; 6 ¾ in high Provenance Taken from the battlefield at Verdun by Higgins in August 1926 John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 222 £90-140

359

VARIOUS OWNERS 359 A SPANISH CARTOUCHE POUCH AND GORGET, CIRCA 1886-1931 the first with black patent leather flap with gilt-brass mounts including the central badge with the Order of Santiago; the second of gilt-brass, charged with the silvered Royal cypher of Alphonse XIII, complete with its buff liner and cords the first: 16.5 cm; 6 ½ in wide (2) £250-350 360 A CITY OF WESTMINSTER TRUNCHEON BY PARKER, 233 HOLBORN, DATED 1874 of turned hardwood, painted with the arms of the City and over painted with the date, the base impressed with the maker’s details (chipped) 47 cm; 18 ½ in overall £60-80 361 A GEORGE V SWAGGER STICK OF THE ROYAL ENGINEERS of cane, with characteristic silver metal knob 66.5 cm; 26 ¼ in overall £30-50

THE PROPERTY OF A EUROPEAN NOBLEMAN 358 A SAXON GARDE RIETER OFFICER’S POUCH AND BELT, EARLY 20TH CENTURY with gilt metal flap applied with the crowned Royal arms (leather tab damaged), complete with its belt (areas of wear) 16.2 cm; 6 ⅜ in wide £250-350

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362 DESIGNS FOR THE CITY OF LONDON SWORD OF FREDERICK BEAUCHAMP PAGET SEYMOUR, BARON ALCESTER (1821-95) two ink and wash full size drawings (one with small tears), framed and glazed 31.0 cm; 12 ¼ in x 108 cm; 42 ½ in (2) Frederick Beauchamp Paget Seymour, Baron Alcester (18211895), was a naval officer, born in London on 12 April 1821, educated Eton College, and entered the navy in January 1834. He served as a mate in the Britannia, flagship of Sir John Acworth Ommanney, in the Mediterranean, and was promoted Lieutenant on 7 March 1842. He was then appointed to the frigate Thalia (Captain George Hope) in the Pacific; and from 1844 to 1847 was flag-lieutenant to his uncle, Sir George Seymour, commander-in-chief in the Pacific. On 5 June 1847 he was promoted commander. In 1852 he served as a volunteer on the staff of General Godwin in Burma, and was four times gazetted for distinguished conduct. In May 1853 he commissioned the Brisk for the North America and West Indies station, from where he was recalled early in 1854 and sent to the White Sea in the squadron under Commodore Sir Erasmus Ommanney. In May 1855 he was appointed to the floating battery Meteor, which he took out to the Crimea, and brought back to Portsmouth in the early summer of 1856. In July 1857 he commissioned the Pelorus, which he commanded for nearly six years on the Australian station. Between January and April 1858 the Pelorus provided a naval brigade in Burma, playing a vital role in preventing the spread of the mutiny from India. From 1860 to 1861 he commanded the naval brigade in New Zealand during the war there, for which he was made a CB on 16 July 1861. From 1868 to 1870 Seymour was private secretary to the first lord of the Admiralty, Hugh Childers, and helped to keep the troubled Admiralty board from complete collapse. On 1 April 1870 he was promoted Rear-Admiral. From December 1870 to May 1872 he commanded the flying squadron, and from 1872 to 1874 was a lord of the Admiralty. From 1874 to 1877 he commanded the Channel Fleet; he was made a vice-admiral on 31 December 1876 and a KCB on 2 June 1877. In 1876 he agreed to a compact with Geoffrey Phipps Hornby and Astley Cooper Key: all three would refuse to accept the post of senior naval lord without securing certain specific reforms of the Admiralty. In 1879 Key took the post, without securing those reforms.

362

From 1880 to 1883 Seymour was commander-in-chief in the Mediterranean, and so, in 1880, commanded the European squadron sent to the Albanian coast following Turkish refusal to cede Dulcigno to Montenegro. On the dispersal of the fleet after the Port had yielded, Seymour received the thanks of the government and was made a GCB, on 24 May 1881. In the following year he commanded at the bombardment of the Alexandria fortifications (11 July), and afterwards in the operations on the coast of Egypt. For this he was made Baron Alcester of Alcester in the county of Warwickshire, and received a parliamentary grant of£25,000, the freedom of the City of London, and a sword of honour almost certainly based on the designs offered here. From March 1883 to June 1885 he was again a lord of the Admiralty, and on 12 April 1886 was retired. Taken from the Oxford dictionary of national biography. £400-600

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363

364

365

Miscellanea and Artillery VARIOUS OWNERS 363 A FINE AND RARE SOUTH GERMAN SPORTING CROSSBOW SIGNED BY THE MASTER ‘BE’, DATED 1589 with curved steel bow painted with a pair of alternating panels of early blue and red paint on the inside on either side of the tiller, fitted with later string and retained by later cords, wooden tiller swelling towards the nut, cut with a single aperture for a rod to set the trigger-mechanism, veneered over the upper and lower surfaces with white staghorn, engraved with bouquets of fruit, Biblical scenes including Daniel in the Lion’s Den on the cheek-piece, and mythological figures along its full length, the sides each inlaid with a long marquetry panel of scrolling fruit and foliage in coloured fruitwood (minor losses), fitted with iron stirrup for a cranequin, original iron trigger with bulbous brass terminal, iron trigger-plate engraved with the date and the maker’s initials in miniscules (worn), and set trigger (nut and basal cap missing) 61.0 cm; 24 in tiller The decoration of this crossbow is notably rare. A crossbow inlaid in a related manner is preserved in the Deutsches Jagd Museum, Munich. £4000-6000 364 A GERMAN GOTHIC CRANEQUIN FOR A CROSSBOW, LATE 15TH/EARLY 16TH CENTURY with clawed ratchet-bar engraved with a series of crescents over its upper half, gearbox with slightly bevelled cover, stamped with a latten-lined mark, in a shield the Gothic letter ‘P’ beneath a pair of mullets, slender winding bar, turned wooden handle, and complete with an early cord-loop (worn, now detached) 33.0 cm; 13 in long £600-800 365 A RARE ENGLISH STONEBOW FOR A CHILD, MID-17TH CENTURY with slender steel bow with a later string, slender fruitwood tiller inlaid over its full length with patterns of twisted brass wire at the borders, and with engraved bone plaques at each end decorated with flowers and foliage (one replaced), fitted with built-in steel gaffle with folding back-sight, button-shaped cocking-lever retained by a slender steel band, later folding fore-sight with string and ivory ball, a pair of steel side-plates, and pierced steel pommel 51.3 cm; 20 ¼ in tiller The inlay is similar to that found on English furniture of the period. ⦿ £2000-2500

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366

367 368

366 A SAXON SLURBOW, BY JOHANN GEORG ERTTEL, DRESDEN, DATED 1753 with blued steel bow decorated with a gilt band top and bottom at each side, fitted with an early string, retained by gilt cords and with its green pom-poms, fruitwood tiller fitted with an additional bar above and with bone bolt channel (very light worm damage), engraved with the date ahead of the string-release, inlaid with engraved staghorn segmental lines and plaques including panels of rococo foliage inhabited by hounds on each side of the mechanism, a doe and a stag pursued by a hound in a rococo landscape on the left of the cheek-piece and further decorated panels on top including a scalloped hollow for the thumb, steel string-release, double set trigger, steel trigger-guard, and bone butt-plate engraved with the number ‘1’, ‘I. G. E.’ and ‘Ertell’ 67.0 cm; 27 ⅜ in This was converted for use as a slurbow in its early working life. Two gunmakers of this name, a father and son, are recorded circa 1700-63 and 1728-94 respectively. A number of firearms by them are preserved in the former Electoral gewehrkammer, Dresden, though neither is recorded as a crossbow maker. It is likely that this is the work of the father as the son is recorded in Amsterdam as both Burgher and Master the year the present bow was manufactured. See Schaal 1975. £2000-2500 367 AN ENGLISH STONEBOW, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY with slender bow fitted with later string of twisted cords, folding fore-sight fitted with later cord, hardwood tiller (cracked) inlaid with engraved iron plaques on top, fitted with engraved built-in gaffle, trigger-guard and butt-plate 74.0 cm; 29 ⅛ in tiller £600-700 368 AN ITALIAN STONEBOW, LATE 17TH CENTURY with slender steel bow retained by a pair of irons, carved wooden tiller of characteristic form (cracked), decorated with raised mouldings, panels of engraved scrollwork and small scallop designs over the forward portion, fitted with moulded steel fore-sight, folding back-sight, curved moulded trigger, later engraved inlays and later turned pommel (chipped)) 106.8 cm; 42 in tiller Provenance William Ockelford Oldman, London, 4 January 1929, no. 18 John Woodman Higgins Armory, Worcester, Massachusetts, Inv. No. 573 £240-300

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THE FOLLOWING EIGHT LOTS ARE FROM THE COLLECTION OF HARVEY A. MURTON (1907-2004) ARMOURER AT THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART 1929-71 369 A FINELY CONSTRUCTED MINIATURE SALLET IN THE ITALIAN STYLE OF CIRCA 1470-80, EARLY 20TH CENTURY, ALMOST CERTAINLY BY LEONARD HEIRNICH, ARMOURER AT THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART with one piece skull rising to a low medial comb, flaring out slightly at the base of the neck, rectangular face opening, and fitted with a leather lining band retained by iron rivets 6.5 cm; 2 ½ in high

369

£250-350 370 A BRONZE SPUR, EARLY 15TH CENTURY AND TWO CALTROPS the first with six-point star-shaped rowel one chipped), short neck, and arched heel band (terminals missing) with an additional protrusion above the neck; the second and third of iron on formed with four tall barbed pyramidal spikes and the other stamped from a sheet of metal, with four tall pyramidal spikes the first: 11.0 cm; 4 ⅜ in overall (3)

370

£150-200 371 A GROUP OF EIGHT IRON SWORD POMMELS, LATE 16TH TO LATE 18TH CENTURIES the first late 16th century, from a rapier, fluted plummetshaped, the surface enriched with wavy silver lines and pellets (rubbed); the second early 17th century, from a rapier, ovoid, chiselled with a band of foliage top and bottom and the central; band decorated with a running pattern of foliage on a punched ground; the third from a late 16th/early 17th century military sword, of openwork design; the fourth and fifth from transitional swords; the sixth from a North European cavalry sword; and the remaining two from small-swords the first: 4.5 cm; 1 ¾ in high (8) £400-600

371

372 A HIGHLY DECORATED CHISELLED IRON DISH-GUARD FROM A SWORD, PROBABLY FRENCH THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY the outer surface decorated with classical figures including a kneeling figure paying homage to a king and a further figure, perhaps mercury beneath, all enclosed in scrollwork frames, the upper flanked by a pair of putti each standing on a wolf head issuant with a serpent, and the interior chiselled with the reclining figure of Neptune and a further figure (patinated) 9.0 cm; 3 ½ in £300-400

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373

375

373 TEN EXCAVATED BRONZE MEDIEVAL ARTEFACTS, 14TH CENTURY AND LATER including two pommels and a cross-guard, probably for small daggers; three further pommels perhaps for skewers; an arrowhead and a small embossed mask (10) £150-200 374 A GERMAN IRON SCABBARD FOR A DAGGER, MID-17TH CENTURY, A BRONZE CROSS-GUARD FOR A DAGGER, MID-17TH CENTURY AND TWO GRIPS FOR SMALL-SWORDS, LATE 18TH CENTURY the first russet, of tapering cylindrical form (incomplete) fitted with two loops for suspension; the second decorated with a pair of figures for the quillons, the third of beaded iron wire and ribband; the fourth of plaited copper wire and a 17th century fork (grip missing) the first: 17.3 cm; 6 ⅞ in overall (5) £150-200 375 AN ITALIAN COMBINED WHEEL-LOCK SPANNER, TURNSCREW AND POWDER MEASURE, MID-17TH CENTURY with tubular shank fitted with a graduated bar retained by a spring-clip moulded neck with swivelling loop, and pierced spanner head with turnscrew finial (now russet) 15.0 cm; 6 in overall £200-300 376 A FINE CENTRAL ITALIAN CHISELLED IRON SNAPHAUNCE MECHANISM BY IL NEGRONI, DATED 1757 with rounded lock plate chiselled with scrolling demi-figures on the tail and beneath the pan, the latter divided by a grotesque mask, fitted with matching cock, battery and pan-cover, the interior signed and dated and with engraved details (the sear inoperative) 13.2 cm; 5 ¼ in Il Negroni is recorded in Emilia, Anghiari and Tuscany circa 1730-70. £500-700

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THE PROPERTY OF A COLLECTOR 377 A FINE DETACHED WHEEL-LOCK FOR AN AUSTRIAN, BOHEMIAN OR GERMAN SPORTING RIFLE, EARLY 18TH CENTURY with flat lock plate engraved in low relief against a punched ground with the Assyrians being pursued by the Israelites before the city of Bethulia on the left and Judith accompanied by her maid with the head and decapitated body of Holofernes in his tent on the right, fitted with internal wheel, flash-guard, sliding pan-cover, dog with spark shield engraved with a putto and a monsterhead, and a serpent on the dog-spring bridle 18.5 cm; 7 ¼ in lockplate

377

379

£800-1000 378 A DETACHED MIQUELET-LOCK FROM AN OTTOMAN RIFLE, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 19TH CENTURY with russet iron lockplate fitted with external mechanism, the cock, steel, spring, bridle and lockplate all encrusted with gold scrolls 8.5 cm; 3 ⅜ in

378

£400-500 379 AN ITALIAN COMBINED WHEEL-LOCK SPANNER, POWDER-MEASURE AND TURNSCREW, SECOND QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY made entirely of steel, the shank hollowed for powder, fitted at the top with a brass collar and spring cut-off operated by a monsterhead button, a pair of spanner apertures beneath, the median chiselled with foliage and fitted with a rotating suspension ring, and the base with shaped turnscrew blade 12.2 cm; 4 ⅞ in £400-600

PROPERTY FROM THE DESCENDANT FAMILY OF ARTHUR RICHARD DUFTY CBE, (1911-1993), MASTER OF THE ROYAL ARMOURIES (1963-76) AND PRESIDENT OF THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES (1978- 81) 380 A PAIR OF RARE EAST EUROPEAN DETACHED FLINTLOCK MECHANISMS, LATE 18TH CENTURY each outer face with bevelled border chiselled with bold sprays of foliage, fitted with cock retained by a foliate rivet, steels and steel springs enclosed by a pierced and chiselled panel, all decorated en suite with the lock plate 10.5 cm; 4 ⅛ in long (2)

380

VARIOUS OWNERS 381 A CONTINENTAL TINDER LIGHTER, EARLY 18TH CENTURY formed entirely of steel, with box-shaped body, fitted with external mechanism on the right and a hinged trap for tinder on the left, the latter signed ‘Lescos’ on a serpentine scroll with a flowering terminal, and pear-shaped pommel 11.0 cm; 4 ¼ in overall Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002) £700-900

A pair of pistols with similar locks are illustrated in Elgood 2009, p. 55, no 39, 40 and discussed in detail on p. 318. £200-300

381

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382 A GILT GESSO FRAME, EARLY 18TH CENTURY, FITTED WITH A MODERN MIRROR finely carved in high relief with elaborate trophies-of-war including a cannon with balls and accessories at the bottom, an armour surmounted by a burgonet on each side with swords, pistols, two muskets and a bandolier, two further cannon at the top with accessories, and the centre with a shield charged with a rampant lion beneath a Royal crown, fitted with a modern mirror 118.0 cm; 46 ½ in high; 89.5 cm; 35 ¼ in wide Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002) £500-800

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383

385

383 A RATTLESNAKE WITH EGG, A TOAD, A SEABIRD SKELETON, AND A PUFFERFISH comprising a rattlesnake (possibly crotalus oreganus), a toad, the skeleton of a seabird (most likely a herring gull, larus argentatus), and a spiny puffer fish (possibly tragulichthys jaculiferus) (4)

385 FOUR FOSSILISED PIECES AND A CARVED ROCK CRYSTAL OCTAHEDRON comprising the tooth of megalosaurus bucklandii, the claw of a megalosaurus from the Inferior Oolite, a fossilised conch shell; a further fossilised element and a carved rock crystal octahedron (4)

Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002)

Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002)

⦿ £120-180

£100-150

384 NO LOT

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386 A GERMAN IRON STRONG BOX, LATE 17TH/18TH CENTURY formed of a series of large iron plates overlaid with broad interlaced iron bands, fitted with a pair of hasps at the front for securing the lid, false lock with embossed frontal plate, a carrying handle at each end, the lid with a covered keyhole in the centre, the inside fitted with a lock mechanism incorporating eight shooting bolts retained by three engraved plaques decorated with scrollwork inhabited by a central demi-figure flanked by a putti on each side, fitted with an additional lockable compartment at the bottom (one wall loose, minor restorations and areas of wear), with its key for the exterior and interior and two contemporary padlocks each with its key, and some early paint throughout 90.0 cm; 35 ½ in wide; 49.5 cm; 19 ½ in deep; 48.5 cm; 19 ⅛ in high Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002) £2000-3000

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388 387

387 TWO GERMAN IRON LOCKS, 18TH CENTURY the first with finely pierced and engraved plate decorated with scrolls and foliage around the border, fitted with four sliding sprung bolts retained by bridles with pierced filed terminals, and key-chamber covered by a faceted domed cover; the second with larger pierced iron plate, the outer surface fitted with a pierced engraved brass plaque, the inner with mechanism incorporating two sprung bolts, with its key the first: 32.7 cm; 12 ⅞ in (2) £1500-1800 388 A FINE SILVER-AND TORTOISESHELL-MOUNTED FOLDING COMBINATION EATING SET, SHEFFIELD 1816, MAKER’S MARK OF JOHN LAW with detachable folding iron blade stamped ‘Wood’ and corkscrew fixed to the main body by three brass studs corresponding to three key-hole slots, folding silver spoon, fork, knife and iron saw, all between brass fillets, the outer faced with tortoiseshell, one side with silver toothpick and engraved ‘R. T. R. Walton’, in a green-leather-covered case 11.5 cm; 4 ½ in closed £400-600

389 A GANG BULLET MOULD for twelve balls of approximately 22-bore, fitted with wooden handle and with twelve modern uncut balls inside; together with an iron key-pistol, 19th century, with hollow shank later pierced in the middle for a pan the first: 58.3 cm; 23 in long (2) £80-100 390 A MAHOGANY CASE FOR A PAIR OF PISTOLS, EARLY 19TH CENTURY suitable for pistols of approximately 14 in length, the lid with flush-fitting brass carrying handle, the interior lined in green baize (interior lip chipped, lid lining replaced, areas of wear, compartments and lock plate missing) 45.8 cm; 18 in wide £600-800 391 A SHORT PISTOL HOLSTER, 19TH CENTURY of stitched brown leather, fitted with three loops behind the brim for suspension 33.0 cm; 13 in £40-60

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392

392 A RARE SAXON MUSKETEER’S POWDER-FLASK, FIRST QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY formed in imitation of flattened cowhorn, of carved ebonised wood, carved with a Saxon spear bearer in contemporary dress on the outer face and bold scrolling foliage on the inner face, fitted with iron basal cap and nozzle, the latter fitted with spring cut-off and lever closure, long belt hook, and six loops for suspension 21.5 cm; 8 ½ in long Provenance The former Saxon Electoral Armoury, Dresden Dresden Flasks of this type were carried by the Trabanten-Leib Garde of Christian II (r. 1591-1611). Another flask from this group was included in the sale of Highly Important Arms from the Saxon Royal Collections, Sotheby & Co. 23rd March 1970, lot 4 £2000-3000 393 A GERMAN CARVED STAGHORN POWDER-FLASK, LATE 16TH CENTURY the inner surface engraved with bold scrolls of foliage, the outer face carved with the three graces in low relief against a finely hatched ground, steel mounts comprising pierced belt hook, four loops for suspension, and nozzle (spring cut-off missing, basal caps restored); and an 18th century steel bullet mould for a ball of approximately 28 bore the first: 19.0 cm; 7 ½ in high (2) £300-500

393

394

394 A RARE GERMAN EMBOSSED STEEL CARTRIDGE BOX (PATRON), CIRCA 1580, PROBABLY BRUNSWICK with wooden body of plano-convex section, the interior with provision for four cartridges and fitted with a pierced brass topplate, the outside almost entirely encased in blackened steel embossed with patterns of beadwork rosettes on a field of minute nodules (one very small dent), outwardly flanged at the base and decorated en suite, retaining its original leather covering on the underside and the back, fitted with matching hinged lid with button closure, a single loop for suspension, two loops for a belt, and retaining an early leather suspension and buckle 14.0 cm; 5 ½ in high A very similar patron is preserved in the Landeszeughaus, Graz (inv. no. PK72). Two patrons and a powder-flask decorated in a related manner were included in the sale of Works of Art from the Royal House of Hanover, Sotheby’s 2005, lots 339, 340 and 342. The treatment of these pieces is similar to the stocks of contemporary Brunswick firearms. In 1589 Andreas Krebs, a Carinthian leather-worker, delivered ‘200 Braunschweig boxes with wooden cartridges at 28 kreuzer each to the Landeszeughaus Graz’. See Krenn 1990, p. 22 £2500-3000 395 AN OAK CASE FOR CUTLERY BY HUNT & ROSKELL, 19TH CENTURY the lid applied with a brass plaque engraved ‘Lewis Loyd Esq. 4’, the interior compartments stripped, with retailers label on the lip 48.0 cm; 18 ⅞ in wide £100-150

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396 397

398

396 A SMALL PRIMING FLASK FOR THE 10TH BATTALION OF ROYAL REGIMENT OF ARTILLERY, CIRCA 1790-1815 of polished horn, with brass nozzle with spring cut-off, brass basal cap engraved ‘10RRAB’ and ‘994’, and two loops for suspension 18.5 cm; 7 ¼ in These flasks were in use circa 1790-1815. Other examples are preserved at the Royal Armouries, Fort Nelson. See Blackmore 1976, p. 182, no. 270. Another was sold in these rooms, 2 December 2015, lot 202 £250-350 397 A GUNNERS FLASK, LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY AND A MOROCCAN POWDER-FLASK, 19TH CENTURY the first of polished horn, with brass nozzle engraved ‘WD’ and with broad arrow, spring cut-off, hardwood basal cap with turned screw-in plug, and two loops for suspension; and the second of horn with large engraved iron mounts the first: 34.5 cm; 13 ⅝ in overall (2) Related examples are preserved at the Royal Armouries, Fort Nelson. See Blackmore 1976, p. 182, no. 268 £150-250 398 A RUSSIAN POWDER HORN, DATED 1855 of polished cow horn, fitted with brass nozzle with spring cut-off, shaped brass basal cap fitted with a wooden stopper carved with a number in cyrillic, and two brass rings for suspension 38.0 cm; 15 in £200-300 399 A MAHOGANY GUNPOWDER CASE, LATE 18TH CENTURY the lid fitted with flush-fitting rectangular carrying handle on the outside, later painted inscription ‘Gunpowder’ on the front (chips, escutcheon missing), the interior with later velvet lining and John Manton facsimile trade label 33.5 cm; 13 ¼ in wide £100-150 400 A GROUP OF ELEVEN POWDER AND SHOT-FLASKS FOR SPORTING GUNS, 19TH CENTURY AND LATER comprising a plain copper flask by Sykes; an embossed brass flask decorated with foliage by Hawksley; another by the same, plain; three further brass flasks; and six leather shot flasks the first: 20.3 cm; 8 in high (12) £200-220

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401 A DETACHED FLINTLOCK MECHANISM FOR A CANNON BY C. JOHNSON & SON, LONDON, CIRCA 1820 with brass body signed on the outer face and stamped ‘SD’, pierced twice for fixing, integral brass pan, engraved ‘No. 19’ beneath and the rear with an iron ring for a lanyard 15.8 cm; 6 ¼ in Probably by Charles Johnson & Son, recorded circa 1820-30 as iron and brass founders in Wapping. See Blackmore 1999, p. 78. For other examples see Blackmore 1976, pp. 180-181

401

£400-600 402 A RARE CONTINENTAL FLINTLOCK PORT-FIRE, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with iron mechanism, brass pan fitted beneath with a socket for the vent, iron tang, wooden stock (worn, repaired), and brass trigger-guard 52.0 cm; 20 ½ in overall

402

£400-600 403 AN ITALIAN GUNNER’S STILETTO, MID-17TH CENTURY with long tapering blade of triangular section, engraved on the inner face with calibrated graduations, moulded balustershaped forte, iron hilt formed of a pair of spirally-moulded quillons and pommel en suite, and spirally carved horn grip inset with brass nails and horn rondels (iron parts pitted, wire binding missing) 38.0 cm; 15 in blade £500-700 404 AN ITALIAN GUNNER’S STILETTO, MID-17TH CENTURY with tapering blade of triangular section, engraved on the inner face with calibrated graduations from 1 to 120, moulded baluster-shaped forte, brass hilt formed of a pair of spirallymoulded quillons and pommel en suite, and brass-bound horn grip, in a brass scabbard, perhaps the original, with spirally moulded terminal and a loop for suspension 28.5 cm; 11 ¼ in blade £400-700 405 AN ITALIAN GUNNER’S STILETTO, MID-17TH CENTURY with tapering blade of triangular section, engraved on the inner face with calibrated graduations from 1 to 120, moulded baluster-shaped forte, iron hilt formed of a pair of bud-shaped quillons and pommel en suite, and spirally carved horn grip inset with brass nails and horn rondels, retaining half of its plaited brass wire binding 18.5 cm; 7 ¼ in blade

405

£400-600

404 403

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406 406 A FINELY CONSTRUCTED MODEL OF A 32 POUNDER NAVAL CARRONADE OF CIRCA 1780-1840, 20TH CENTURY with bronze barrel formed in three stages, characteristically recessed nozzle-shaped muzzle, raised mouldings, cascable with breeching loop and button threaded for an iron height adjusting screw, integral pivot mount beneath, on its bronze-mounted hardwood sliding bed acting on a bronze-mounted hardwood base fitted with four pierced bronze trucks, the side applied with a captioned label 26 cm; 10 ¼ in barrel 25 mm; 1 in bore See Lavery 1989, p. 21 £700-1000

407 407 A BRONZE MODEL ‘ROYAL’ MORTAR, EARLY 19TH CENTURY formed in four stages, with raised astragal mouldings, the vent with moulded lower border, a pair of trunnions, on its iron-clad wooden bed complete with cap-squares (securing wedges missing) and draught rings 13.2 cm; 5 ¼ in barrel 5.0 cm; 2 in bore Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002) See Blackmore 1976, p. 100 no. 109 £500-800

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408 408 A FINELY CONSTRUCTED FRENCH MODEL CANNON BASED ON THE GRIBEAUVAL SYSTEM, COMPLETE WITH ITS AMMUNITION WAGON AND LIMBERS, DATED 1826 comprising tapering multi-stage brass barrel swelling at the muzzle, chiselled with neo-classical foliage behind and a pronounced roped band, chiselled with further bands of foliage at each end of the chase, the date in a panel and a coat of arms, two fleur-delys divided by a tierced in-bend beneath a hatched chief enclosed by a wreath of laurel foliage and surmounted by a further fleur-de-lys, over the first reinforce, plain vent field, the cascabel chiselled with foliage and a roped band en suite with the muzzle, a pair of faceted lifting handles, and a pair of plain trunnions, on its steel clad wooden carriage with provision for the barrel in service and in transport, fitted with a pair of steel-shod spoked cambered wheels, complete with its fittings including rammers and clearing rods, and iron-clad ammunition box, with its limber mounted en suite, and ammunition wagon comprising a long box fitted with one lid covering four compartments, the carriage with two steel-shod spoked cambered wheels and with two additional spare wheels, complete with its limber 44.5 cm; 17 ½ in barrel 2.0 cm; ¾ in bore (4) Provenance Robin Wigington (1932-2002) Sold in these rooms 25 June 2008, lot 307 Exhibited International Art Treasures, The Assembly Rooms, Bath, 1973, no. 332A General Jean-Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval (1715-89) was responsible for reorganising the French artillery which was effective from 1774 to 1827. For ease of manufacture all guns were cast without the characteristic decoration of earlier French guns. The system also included a lighter and more mobile series of standard gun carriages and accessories for the first time. See Blackmore 1976, p. 231 £12000-18000

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409

409 TWO SIX POUNDER IRON CANNON, DATED 1880 with two-stage barrels, stamped ‘proved 13/⅜0’ and ‘proved 12/⅝0’ respectively, each cast with a crown, ‘CHG & Co.’ and ‘6’ beneath the date on the first reinforce, plain trunnions, raised rectangular vent field, globose cascable with breeching loop, on its stepped wooden carriage of naval type with wooden trucks and iron axle covers 91.0 cm; 35 ⅝ in barrels 9.0 cm; 3 ½ in bore (2) £1500-2500

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410

411 410 A BRONZE SALUTING CANNON, LATE 17TH CENTURY with tapering multi-stage barrel, strongly moulded muzzle with raised astragal mouldings, decorated with bands of foliage including a stylized espagnolette mask behind the muzzle and a cherub mask on the chase, stylised dolphin lifting handles on a bed of small punched scrolls, a vacant escutcheon beneath a canopy on the first reinforce, raised vent field with provision for a cover (missing), globose cascable decorated with foliage and drawn out to a stylised mulberry button: on an iron-clad wooden carriage fitted with iron-shod spoked wheels (the carriage with restorations and repairs) 37.0 cm; 14 ½in 0.2 cm; 0.8 in bore Provenance Sold in these rooms 29 June 2011, lot 363 £1500-2000 411 A FINE BRONZE SALUTING CANNON BARREL, SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY, PROBABLY GERMAN formed in tapering multi-stage sections with raised astragal mouldings enriched with bands of foliage, a vacant shield enclosed by foliage and surmounted by a crested helm on a punched ground over the first reinforce, raised vent field with a heart-shaped moulding around the vent, chiselled with acanthus over the cascable and drawn-out to a bud-shaped button, a pair of plain trunnions, and dolphin lifting handles on a punched ground 46.0 cm; 18 ⅛ in barrel 2.0 cm; ¾ in bore £1000-1200

135


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412 AN EASTERN BRONZE CANNON, 19TH CENTURY, PROBABLY CHINESE with tapering multi-stage barrel formed with pronounced raised mouldings, the vent enclosed by a band, a pair of plain trunions, and cascable with near conical button, on a later stepped wooden carriage with four wooden trucks 62.0 cm ; 24 ⅜ in barrel 0.4 cm; 1.7 in bore £1000-1500 413 A RARE PAIR OF INDIAN MINIATURE CANNON, 18TH CENTURY each with tapering multi-stage barrel chiselled with a gaping Tiger’s head forming the muzzle, raised mouldings, cut with an inscription on the second reinforce, plain vent field, and moulded base-ring drawn-out to a globose cascabel, on later decorated wooden carriages 10.5 cm; 4 ⅛ in barrel .01 cm; 0.35 in bore (2)

412

Provenance The Maharajah of Mysore Sold in these rooms 12 December 2007, lot 411 The inscription reads ‘PADSHAH’, King in translation. £300-400

413

414 A CANNON IN CHINESE 18TH/19TH CENTURY STYLE, 20TH CENTURY with bronze tapering barrel formed with moulded muzzle and seven pronounced astragal mouldings, raised vent field, moulded cascable drawn-out to a conical button, a pair of plain trunnions, on its iron-clad red-stained field carriage mounted with gilt dragons on the cheeks and fitted with a pair of ironshod spoked wheels 34.2 cm; 13 ½ in barrel 0.2 cm; 0.7 in bore £500-600

414

136


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415

416

417

415 A BRONZE SALUTING CANNON IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH CENTURY with tapering barrel moulded at the muzzle, cast with a vacant shield, the initials P.A. and the spurious date 1633 on the first reinforce, with a pair of dolphin lifting handles, plain trunnions, and globose cascable with bulbous button, on a stepped wooden carriage 46.5 cm; 18 ⅜ in barrel 0.2 cm; 0.8 in bore

418 A BRONZE CANNON, 19TH CENTURY with tapering barrel formed in four stages with raised astragal mouldings, moulded at the muzzle, raised vent, globose cascable with button, and a pair of plain trunnions, on a stepped wooden carriage of naval type with brass cap-squares 46.5 cm; 18 ¼ in barrel 3.5 cm 1 ¼ in bore

£450-550

419 A PAIR OF MINIATURE ROYAL ARTILLERY FIELD GUNS IN 19TH CENTURY STYLE, 20TH CENTURY each with tapering barrel flaring at the muzzle, formed with two astragal bands, applied with the regimental device over the first reinforce, plain trunnions, the cascable with provision for an elevating screw (missing, vents absent), on its hardwood field carriage with solid trail and a pair of iron-shod spoked wheels 40.5 cm; 16 in barrel 0.2 cm; 0.95 in bore (2)

416 A BRONZE SALUTING CANNON, 19TH CENTURY with tapering barrel formed with raised astragal mouldings, a pair of plain trunnions, plain vent field, and moulded cascable, on a stepped wooden naval carriage with iron mounts and four wooden trucks 54.0 cm; 21 ¼ in barrel 0.2 cm; 1.1 in bore £600-800 417 A BRONZE SALUTING CANNON, CIRCA 1830, PROBABLY BY REILLY, LONDON with tapering barrel swelling at the muzzle, formed muzzle astragal fillets, first and second reinforcing rings, the latter with ogee, plain vent field, raised vent, with traces of a signature around the base ring, rounded cascable and mushroom-shaped button with loop, on its bronze-mounted stepped wooden naval carriage fitted with four bronze trucks, cap-squares and with a bronze rammer with bulbous finial 53.5 cm; 21 ⅛ in barrel 0.2 cm; 1.1 in bore

£400-600

£400-600

£800-1200

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420

421

422

420 A BRONZE SALUTING CANNON, 19TH CENTURY with tapering barrel formed with raised astragal mouldings, a pair of plain trunnions, plain vent field, and moulded cascable, on a stepped wooden naval carriage with iron mounts and four wooden trucks 51.5 cm; 20 ¼ in barrel 0.2 cm; 1 in bore

423 A MINIATURE GARRISON GUN FORMED ENTIRELY OF BRONZE IN 18TH CENTURY STYLE, 20TH CENTURY with multi-stage barrel flaring at the muzzle, formed with raised astragal mouldings, plain trunnions, and globose cascabel, on its openwork garrison carriage with four trucks 26.7 cm; 10 ½ in 1.2 cm; 0.5 in bore

£500-700

£200-300

421 GERMAN MODEL GARRISON CANNON AND A MODEL FIELD CANNON, 19TH CENTURY the first with tapering multi-stage barrel formed with raised astragal mouldings, a pair of plain trunnions, deeply recessed vent, and globose cascable, on an iron-clad wooden bed fitted with a rotating handle for elevation at the rear; the second with moulded barrel decorated with engraved bands of foliage at each end, plain trunnions, recessed vent, and globose cascable, on a red and black painted wooden field carriage fitted with a pair of iron-clad spoked wheels the first: 35.0 cm; 13 ¾ in barrel; 0.2 cm; ⅞ in bore (2)

424 A BRONZE SALUTING CANNON, 19TH CENTURY with tapering multi-stage barrel, strongly moulded muzzle and astragals, stylised dolphin lifting handles on a bed of small punched stars, rounded base-ring punched with further stars on a matted ground and incorporating a scalloped vent, and finely chiselled bud-shaped cascable: on its steel-clad wooden carriage fitted with a pair of iron-shod spoked cambered wheels 25.0 cm; 9 ⅞ in barrel 1.0 cm; 0.4 in bore £400-600

£600-800 422 A BRONZE SALUTING CANNON, LONDON PROOF MARKS, LATE 18TH CENTURY with tapering barrel formed in five stages, flaring at the muzzle and formed with raised astragal mouldings, plain trunnions, and globose cascabel with moulded button, struck with London view and proof marks on the first reinforce, on a later stepped wooden carriage of naval type with four wooden trucks and brass fittings including cap-squares 34.0 cm; 13 ⅜ in barrel 1.7 cm; 0.7 in bore £500-700

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426

425 425 A ‘NOON-DAY’ GUN IN LATE 16TH/17TH CENTURY STYLE, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY with bronze multi-stage barrel formed with raised astragal mouldings, plain vent field with recessed vent, moulded cascable with button, plain trunnions, a pair of dolphin lifting handles, on its iron-clad bronze carriage fitted with a pair of iron-shod spoked cambered wheel, mounted on its right with a magnifying glass for ignition, and the trail with pintle hole 23.2 cm; 9 ⅛ in barrel 1.0 cm; 0.4 in bore

427 A FINELY CONSTRUCTED MINIATURE BRASS CANNON BY W. PARKER MAKER 233 HOLBORN, LONDON, CIRCA 1840 formed in four stages, swelling towards the muzzle and with raised mouldings, a pair of plain trunnions, raised vent field, signed on the underside of the the base ring and struck with London proof marks, and pierced cascabel: on its brassmounted rosewood carriage 21.5 cm; 8 in barrel 1.0 cm; 0.4 in bore

£800-1000

Provenance Sold in these rooms 7 December 2006, lot 61

426 A BRONZE MODEL ½ POUNDER HOWITZER, 19TH CENTURY with multi-stage barrel with raised astragal mouldings, formed with a raised band immediately behind the muzzle, a pair of plain trunnions, the right stamped ‘½ PR’, raised scalloped vent field, and moulded cascable drawn-out to a button, on a later stepped wooden carriage with bronze trucks and cap-squares 23.0 cm; 9 ⅛ in barrel 4.1 cm; 1.6 in bore £500-700

£400-600 428 A MINIATURE CANNON OF ARMSTRONG TYPE, 19TH/EARLY 20TH CENTURY with bronze barrel formed in four pronounced stepped stages, recessed vent, a pair of slender trunnions, and mushroomshaped cascabel, on a stepped iron bed 16.5 cm; 6 ½ in barrel 1.3 cm; 0.5 in bore £200-300

427

428 139


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429 A PAIR OF NORTH EUROPEAN SALUTING CANNON CARRIAGES, 17TH CENTURY of iron-clad repainted wood, complete with cap-squares with securing wedges on chains, trails with pintle-holes, draught rings, and fitted with a pair of iron-shod spoked cambered wheels 85.0 cm; 33 in overall (2) £700-1000

429

430 A MINIATURE FIELD GUN FORMED ENTIRELY OF BRONZE IN LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY STYLE, 20TH CENTURY with three stage barrel flaring at the muzzle, plain trunnions, and globose cascabel, on its field carriage with spoked wheels and solid trail with height adjustment and side-mounted rammer 19.5 cm; 7 ¾ in barrel 1.4 cm; 0.6 in bore £400-500

430

431 TWO MINIATURE BRONZE CANNON IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE, 20TH CENTURY each with multi-stage barrel, pronounced cascabel, dolphin lifting handles, the first cast with the device of the Dutch East Indian Company over the first reinforce and the second with a coat-ofarms and the date 1651, each on a stepped wooden carriage the first: 23.0 cm; 9 in barrel 1.5 cm; 0.6 in bore (2) £200-300

434

432 A PAIR OF BRONZE MINIATURE FIELD GUNS IN 16TH CENTURY STYLE, 20TH CENTURY with tapering barrels formed with pronounced moulded muzzles, a coat-of-arms and a spurious date over the first reinforce, separate lifting handles and bud-shaped cascabels, on associated wooden field carriages with spoked brass wheels 19.0 cm; 7 ½ in barrels 1.4 cm; 0.4 in bores (2) £150-250 433 A PAIR OF BRONZE MINIATURE NAVAL CANNON AND ANOTHER MINIATURE CANNON, 20TH CENTURY the first with tapering barrels with raised astragal mouldings, globose cascable, plain trunnions, and each on its stepped wooden carriage; the third of carronade form, with bronze barrel incised with lines, short slender trunnions, on a wooden carriage with brass wheels the first: 18.5 cm; 7 ¼ in barrel 1.0 cm; 0.4 in bore (3)

435 140

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436

434 A FIELD GUN AND LIMBER IN EARLY 19TH CENTURY STYLE AND A MODEL CANNON, 19TH AND 20TH CENTURY the first with brass multi-stage barrel, raised vent field, a pair of trunnions, and globose cascable, on its field carriage fitted with two wheel and complete with its limber, with provision for an inkwell, on a velvet-covered base; the second with bronze barrel with pronounced mouldings, on its carriage, mounted on a copper-covered base the first: 13.8 cm; 5 ½ in barrel 1.1 cm; 0.35 in bore (2) £500-700 435 A GROUP OF SEVEN MINIATURE BRONZE ARTILLERY PIECES IN 18TH AND 19TH CENTURY STYLE, 20TH CENTURY the first a mortar, on its wooden bed; the second and third field guns with multi-stage barrels on their iron carriages with spoked wheels; the fourth of Armstrong type, on a stepped wooden fixed bed; and three further cannon the first: 6 cm; 2 ⅓ in bed (7) £250-300 436 A 5MM FINELY CONSTRUCTED MINIATURE FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN BY ALBERT GRIFFITHS, ARMOURER SERGEANT, 2ND BATALLION 60TH ROYAL RIFLES, CIRCA 1860-80, BY TRADITION PURCHASED BY CAPTAIN, LATER FIELD MARSHALL, ROBERTS AND PRESENTED BY HIM TO THE MAKER with tapering sighted barrel etched in imitation of damascus twist, inscribed ‘London’ on the flat within a linear frame incorporating a sunburst, the breech inlaid with two gold lines, blued vent, engraved grooved tang, signed engraved lock fitted with cock of late form (mainspring missing), rainproof pan and roller, figured walnut half-stock with chequered grip, engraved silver mounts comprising trigger-guard incorporating an external button at the front engaging the trigger, butt-cap, fore-end cap and escutcheon and barrel bold escutcheons, German silver-tipped ramrod and ramrod-pipes: in original fitted mahogany case lined in purple velvet, together with two early photographs of the owner and correspondence regarding its provenance; together with a carved staghorn nozzle from a powder-flask, probably Black Forest, 19th century, and a sliding patchbox cover from a German wheel-lock rifle, early 18th century 8.9 cm; 3 ½ in barrel (3) Provenance Robin Wigington Collection (1932-2002) The accompanying paperwork states that this ‘.....miniature rifle was made in India by my great-great-grandfather prior to.....the time of the Indian Mutiny who I believe was serving with the 2nd Batallion 60th Royal Rifles transferred from the 75th Sterlingshire Regiment.....this miniature was made for a regimental charity and was bought by a Captain Roberts who later became Field Marshall Lord Roberts.....he.....later presented it back to my ancestor.....’ £800-1000 141


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437 A RARE 9MM FRENCH FIRST PATTERN MODEL 1854 PIN-FIRE RIFLED CARBINE BY TREUILLE DE BEAULIEU FOR THE 'CENT GARDE' OF NAPOLEON III, NO. 136, CIRCA 1854 with tapering sighted barrel rifled with four grooves retained by two brass bands each with a spring-clip, the forward band with iron sling swivel and a lug for a bayonet, stamped with inspector's marks at the breech, in a heart M beneath a mullet, the letter 'F' between two mullets in a lozenge and a similar mark involving the letter 'C', stamped '136' beneath and fitted with folding ladder back-sight, patent action including vertical breech-block operated by a knurled hook-shaped lever acting on the trigger, regulation figured walnut full stock (cracked through and repaired at the grip), impressed '136' on the left of the butt, brass butt-plate, iron trigger-guard, and a pair of iron sling swivels, complete with its sabre bayonet, with tapering singleedged fullered blade with Châtellerault Imperial arsenal inscription and the date 1854, brass hilt comprising oval guard and cap pommel, and banded horn grip 80 cm; 31 ½ in barrel 100.3 cm; 39 ½ in blade (2) Provenance Mark Dineley Collection Exhibited The Pattern Room 1973-2012 The Cent-Gardes were created by Napoleon III. They were armed with a sabre for use on horseback, sabre-bayonet for fighting on foot, an epée for ceremonial dress and 'muskets' as described below. The contract for the muskets was awarded to Treuille de Beaulieu. Only three hundred of these notably small calibre breech-loading carbines were produced. Baron Antoine Hector Thésée Treuille de Beaulieu (1809-1886) was a French General and Captain Inspector of the Châtellerault manufactory. He was a similar age to the Emperor, Napoleon III, and they enjoyed a shared a passion for artillery and firearms. Following a period of study at the Bourges Artillery School he presented a paper on breechloading, barrel rifling and the use of small calibres in 1842. In 1854 he made the pin-fire muskets for the 'Cent-Gardes' of Napoleon III. The first model trials surprised all participants, a high speed round penetrating a cuirass at what was considered normal distances in warfare. Among other problems the first model was criticised as fingers could become pinched in the triggers, the sabre lances distorted the barrels and the ammunition was relatively delicate. These faults were addressed in the second model. See Lorain 1979, pp. 10-14 £5000-7000

438 A RARE 9MM FRENCH SECOND PATTERN MODEL 1854 PIN-FIRE RIFLED CARBINE BY TREUILLE DE BEAULIEU FOR THE 'CENT GARDE' OF NAPOLEON III, NO. 240, CIRCA 1855 with tapering sighted barrel rifled with four narrow grooves, retained by two brass bands each with a spring-clip, the forward band with iron sling swivel and a lug for a bayonet, stamped with an inspector's mark at the breech and fitted with folding ladder back-sight, patent action including vertical breech-block operated by a knurled thumb spur, regulation figured walnut full stock impressed '240' on each side of the butt, brass butt-plate and trigger-guard, and a pair of iron sling swivels, complete with its sabre bayonet, with tapering double-edged blade formed with a low medial ridge and a pair of long fullers over the greater part of its length along each face, brass triple-bar hilt, cap-pommel with iron spring-catch, and wire-bound horn grip 80 cm; 31 ½ in barrel 97.5 cm; 38 ⅜ in blade (2) Provenance Mark Dineley Collection Exhibited The Pattern Room 1973-2012 £5000-7000 439 A RARE 12.5MM FRENCH EXPERIMENTAL PERCUSSION CENTRE FIRE BREECH-LOADING RIFLED CARBINE INTENDED FOR THE 'CENT GARDE' OF NAPOLEON III, CIRCA 1854, BY GASTINNE RENETTE with tapering sighted barrel rifled with four grooves, retained by two brass bands each with a spring-clip, the forward band with iron sling swivel and incorporating a sprung cartridge ejector rod with knurled button, the barrel released by a sprung bar catch on the left of the breech, back-action lock, figured walnut full stock of regulation type impressed '26' on the right of the butt, brass butt-plate and trigger-guard, iron trigger-plate and a pair of iron sling swivels, complete with its sabre bayonet, with tapering blade formed with a pair of long fullers over the greater part of its length on each face, with Châtellerault arsenal inscriptionand the date 1854 on the backedge, brass triple-bar hilt, cap-pommel with iron spring-catch, and wire-bound leather-covered grip 75.3 cm; 29 ⅝ in barrel 92.5 cm; 36 ½ in blade (2) Provenance Mark Dineley Collection Exhibited The Pattern Room 1973-2012 Gastinne Rennette presented this model of carbine for trial at the same time as Treuille de Beaulieu, along with carbines by Chassepot, Manceaux-Vieillard. Another example is preserved in the Musée de Saint Etienne. See Lorain 1980, pp. 13-15 £5000-7000

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438

439

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440 A CASED 15 BORE PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN BY BURNETT, SOUTHAMPTON, LONDON PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1850 with signed rebrowned twist sighted barrel, engraved breech, engraved tang decorated with a snipe and scrolls, signed scroll-and border-engraved back-action lock decorated with a brace of pheasant, engraved steel mounts including trigger-guard with pineapple finial, horn fore-end cap and associated brass-tipped wooden ramrod: in brass-bound fitted mahogany case, the lid with trade label for Reilly no. 502 New Oxford Street, complete with some accessories including embossed brass flask by Bartram, leather shot flask and cleaning rod 81.0 cm; 31 ⅞ in barrel William Burnett is recorded 18 St Mary’s Square, Southampton, Hampshire, 1823-39 and at 153 High Street 1843-51 £500-700

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441

441 A CASED SCOTTISH .451 CALIBRE ALEXANDER HENRY PATENT PERCUSSION SPORTING AND TARGET RIFLE BY ALEXR. HENRY, 8 SOUTH ST. ANDREW ST., EDINBURGH, NO. 657, CIRCA 1858-62 with browned octagonal twist barrel signed in full along the top flat at the breech, the forward section matted, rifled with seven grooves, engraved ‘Patent No. 238 Gauge 451’ in front of its sprung folding-ladder back-sight, windage adjustable fore-sight, scroll-engraved case-hardened breech with platinum plug, scroll-engraved case-hardened tang, border-engraved flat lock decorated with scrolls, a stag and a tiger, signed beneath the hammer, fitted with blued safety-catch and hammer, the latter en suite with the lock and tang (the interior with surface rust), highly figured half-stock with chequered pistol-grip and fore-end, engraved iron mounts comprising circular butt-trap cover decorated with a lion, butt-plate, serial numbered trigger-guard decorated with a tiger and with a trap for caps with engraved iron cover behind, ramrod-pipe, barrel bolt escutcheons (the barrel bolt head slightly chipped), horn fore-end cap, vacant brass escutcheon and original brass-tipped wooden ramrod, and in untouched condition with traces of early finish (areas of light pitting and patination): in original oak case fitted and lined in pigskin (small scuffs and stains), the case lid with vacant brass escutcheon on the exterior and the interior with maker’s label, complete with its accessories (some missing) including nickel-mounted Alexander Henry powder-flask, brass bullet mould, circular brass capdispenser, turned hardwood boxes, brass loading rod, patch-cutter, turnscrews and oil bottle 82.0 cm; 32 ¼ barrel Together with a handwritten card inscribed ‘[this] rifle was made by Alex. Henry of Edinburgh in 1869 for George Martineau, Ensign 6th Surrey Rifle Volunteers, who won ‘The Queen’s Prize’ at Wimbledon in n1868 and bought this rifle with the prize money (£100)….William Martineau, Kincraig, 1st March 1931’ The maker’s records state that ‘...serial no. 657, single .451 patent number 238, 1860’ was made for G. Martineau Esq., circa 1857-58 £3000-4000

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442

443

444

442 A 15 BORE D.B. PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN BY GASQUOINE & DYSON, MARKET PLACE, MANCHESTER, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, NO. 1464, CIRCA 1860 with rebrowned sighted numbered barrels signed on the rib, engraved numbered breeches decorated with black cock on top and fitted with platinum plugs, engraved tang decorated with scrolling foliage against a hatched ground, stepped bar-in-wood locks signed on a scroll at the front and engraved with hounds and scrolls en suite with the tang, matching hammers, the upper portions formed as hairy hound heads, highly figured walnut half-stock, chequered fore-end and grip, iron mounts comprising numbered trigger-guard, butt-plate and ramrod-pipe all en suite with the tang and locks, numbered barrel wedge, vacant escutcheon, and brass-tipped wooden ramrod 73.7 cm; 29 in barrels Gasquoine & Dyson are recorded at 26 Market Place, Manchester, circa 1854-78 £800-1000 443 A 14 BORE D.B. PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN BY WILKINSON & SON, PALL MALL, LONDON, NO. 6053 FOR 1857 with browned twist sighted barrels, signed on the rib, struck with serial numbers, London view and proof marks and the barrelsmith’s mark ‘T.E.’ beneath, engraved blued breech, pierced platinum plugs, scroll-engraved tang, signed border and scrollengraved flush-fitting locks, highly figured walnut half-stock with chequered fore-end and grip, engraved iron mounts including blued trigger-guard with patent safety-catch behind (the metal parts refinished), German silver barrel bolt escutcheons, vacant German silver escutcheon and brass-tipped wooden ramrod 76.5 cm; 30 ⅛ in barrels £400-600 444 A 16 BORE PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN BY DURS EGG, CIRCA 1800 converted from flintlock, with two-stage barrel with gold fore-sight, chiselled girdle, signed in gold block capitals over the breech, and inlaid with two gold lines, engraved grooved tang, signed stepped engraved lock, figured walnut half-stock (a working replacement), chequered grip, iron mounts (pitted) including trigger-guard with pineapple finial (screw missing), vacant gold escutcheon and associated ramrod 84.5 cm; 33 ¼ in barrel Stated by the vendor to have been purchased from the Duke of Bedfordshire’s Woburn estate in 1957 £350-450 146


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445

446

445 A 12 BORE D.B PERCUSSION SPORTING RIFLE BY J. PURDEY, 314 ½ OXFORD STREET, NO. 2725 FOR 1836 with rebrowned smooth-bored twist numbered barrels, signed on the rib, fitted with rifle fore-sight and folding back-sight, engraved numbered breech inlaid with a platinum line, pierced platinum plugs, scroll-engraved tang decorated with a tiger mask, signed scroll-and border-engraved locks, fitted with bolt safety-catches, and decorated with a wild boar and a doe and a stag respectively, highly figured walnut half-stock, chequered fore-end and grip, the butt with raised cheek-piece on the left and patchbox with engraved case-hardened iron cover on the right decorated with a stag and a doe, engraved iron mounts, comprising numbered trigger-guard butt-plate, ramrod-pipe, and barrel bolt escutcheons, and brass-tipped wooden ramrod, perhaps the original 71.5 cm; 28 ¼ in barrels Literature L. Patrick Unsworth, The Early Purdeys, London 1996, p. 151, recorded as a 16 bore rifle, now smooth-bored to 12 bore. The makers records confirm that this was sold 11th August 1836 £2500-3500 446 A D.B. 16 BORE PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN BY JAMES BURROW, 116 FISHERGATE PRESTON, LONDON PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1840 with rebrowned sighted barrels signed on the rib, engraved case-hardened breeches inlaid with two platinum lines, platinum plugs, scroll-engraved case-hardened tang, signed border-engraved locks decorated with differing hound vignettes, figured walnut half-stock (bruising), chequered fore-end and grip, engraved refinished iron mounts en suite with the locks, silver escutcheon engraved with the owner’s crest, an arm erased holding in the hand a serpent proper, and engraved ramrod-pipe, and original brass-tipped wooden ramrod 73.0 cm; 28 ¾ in barrels James Burrow is recorded at 116 Fishergate, Preston 1854- circa 1913, becoming James Burrow Ltd circa 1917 £600-800

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447

448

447 A .750 CALIBRE PERCUSSION RIFLE BY SWINBURN, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, NO. 14, DATED 1863 with rebrowned twist sighted barrel rifled with four shallow grooves, fitted with folding leaf back-sight numbered ‘6323’, engraved breech, engraved tang, signed scroll-and border-engraved lock, figured walnut half-stock, chequered grip, engraved iron mounts including trigger-guard, butt-plate and patchbox-cover, and brass-tipped wooden ramrod 81.8 cm; 32 ¼ in barrel £400-500 448 A 10 BORE PERCUSSION SPORTING GUN BY WILLIAM POWELL, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1860 with browned twist sighted barrel engraved with scrolls ahead of the breech, engraved breech inlaid with two platinum lines, platinum plug, scroll-engraved case-hardened tang extending over the grip, signed scroll-engraved flush-fitting back-action lock decorated with a wisp of snipe, figured walnut half-stock, chequered grip, leather-covered cheek-piece, engraved blued iron mounts comprising trigger-guard decorated with a game vignette, butt-plate, ramrod-pipe, German silver fore-end cap, vacant escutcheon and barrel bolt escutcheons, and brass-tipped ramrod, perhaps the original (refinished throughout) 79.0 cm; 31 ⅛ in barrel £600-800 449 A .700 CALIBRE ITALIAN PERCUSSION MUSKET, TURIN, DATED 1852 of regulation type, with sighted barrel retained by three iron bands, stamped with the date at the breech, screw-in back-sight, regulation lock stamped ‘Fabbr. in Torino’, full stock, regulation iron mounts (areas of pitting), and iron ramrod 89.7 cm; 35 ⅜ in barrel £200-300

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450

451

450 A .52 CALIBRE GWYN & CAMPBELL UNION TYPE TWO RIFLED CAVALRY CARBINE, DATED 1862, PROBABLY FOR CONFEDERATE USE of standard production specifications, with sighted barrel fitted with back-sight bed (folding sight missing), stamped ‘CSA’ over the breech and serial numbered ‘4323’ beneath, the frame action and trigger-guard numbered ‘3569’, the lock with maker’s inscription (partly restruck), walnut butt with inspector’s marks (iron parts with areas of pitting, the butt with dents and worn), iron mounts including saddle bar (loose, ring missing) and butt-plate 48.2 cm; 19 in barrel £350-400 451 A .750 CALIBRE EAST INDIA COMPANY FLINTLOCK MUSKET WITH INDIAN BARREL, EARLY 19TH CENTURY with heavy sighted barrel formed in three stages, decorated with gold damascened flowers at the breech and muzzle, the former incorporating the back-sight, rounded lock engraved with the East Indian rampant lion and struck with ‘3’ crowned, full stock (cracks), chequered grip, raised cheek-piece and iron mounts 110.5 cm; 43 ½ in barrel £300-500 452 A .600 CALIBRE CONTINENTAL PERCUSSION CADET’S MUSKET, LIÈGE PROOF, CIRCA 1830 converted from flintlock, with tapering barrel retained by three brass bands, the forward band incorporating the fore-sight, full stock, regulation brass mounts and iron ramrod 67.5 cm; 26 ⅝ in barrel £150-200 453 A .700 CALIBRE NATIVE TWO BAND PERCUSSION MUSKET, 19TH CENTURY with sighted barrel with punched numerical arsenal markings, plain lock, three-quarter stock, brass trigger-guard ad butt-plate, iron ramrod, and bayonet (cleaned, repairs) 80.0 cm; 31 ½ in barrel (2) £100-150 454 A 16 BORE GERMAN D.B. NEEDLE-FIRE SHOTGUN, NO. 448, CIRCA 1860 with tapering sighted barrels formed with a rib, stamped with Spandau proof mark, rotary lever actions, numbered chambers, walnut half-stock (cracked through at the breech), chequered grip, and iron trigger-guard 82.0 cm; 32 ¼ in barrels £150-200

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455

456

455 A .700 SWISS TARGET RIFLE, GRENOBLE, CIRCA 1680, FITTED WITH ENGLISH FLINTLOCK BY SAMUEL & CHARLES SMITH, PRINCES STREET, LONDON, CIRCA 1831-40 with scratch-rifled multi-stage barrel, cuboid muzzle incorporating the fore-sight, damascened with gold scrolls and marine monsters and faceted behind, the median fitted with a girdle-sight and damascened with further gold scrolls, and the breech with traces of gold decoration, tang previously fitted with back-sight, signed stepped lock fitted with roller, ‘dog’ safety-catch, rainproof pan, patent steel, and later cock, highly figured Grenoble walnut stock moulded over the fore-end (cracked and chipped), characteristic butt with hook-shaped moulding ahead of the comb, fitted with carved dark wood extension at the rear, iron mounts comprising finely pierced and engraved side-plate decorated with the temptation of Adam by Eve, plain iron butt-plate, triggerguard shaped for the fingers and with a trigger-support on the right, and no provision for a ramrod 76.5 cm; 30 ⅛ in barrel £500-700 456 A 14 BORE FLINTLOCK SPORTING GUN BY JOHN MANTON, LONDON, NO. 2987, CIRCA 1798 with rebrowned sighted barrel signed ‘Manton London’ in gold capitals, formed in three stages, inscribed ‘Patent’ in gold letters over the breech, inlaid with a gold line, platinum vent and numbered beneath (pitted), engraved tang, signed stepped lock fitted with rainproof pan and roller, figured walnut half-stock, chequered grip, raised cheek-piece, engraved iron mounts including triggerguard with pineapple finial and butt-plate, silver escutcheon engraved with the owner’s crest, a crowned winged heart, silver barrel bolt escutcheons (one barrel bolt replaced, areas of wear), horn fore-end cap and brass-tipped ramrod 86.0 cm; 33 ⅞ in barrel The crest is that of Alchorn, Barrett, Constant, De Veulle, Douglas, Elsworth, Felbridg, Flood, Gamoll, Hackwell, Hartley, Kellock, Langton, Peake, Trueman, or Truman £1000-1500

150


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457

458

457 A .54 BORE GERMAN WHEEL-LOCK SPORTING RIFLE, CIRCA 1660 AND LATER with octagonal swamped sighted barrel rifled with six grooves and engraved with a band of beadwork at the breech, flat lock stamped with the maker’s initials ‘GFT’, engraved with a stag hunting scene and a pair of unicorn, fitted with internal wheel, sliding pan-cover, flash-guard, and pierced dog engraved with Diana and a cupid, double set trigger, figured fruitwood full stock inlaid with engraved staghorn plaques including a rabbit pursued by a hound over the fore-end, large flowers and a scrolling tendril with monster-head terminal opposite the lock, and a mounted King in pursuit of a hare on the cheek-piece, the latter inset with a dark horn oval engraved with the stockmaker’s initials ‘J. C. K.’, patchbox with sliding cover of engraved staghorn, steel triggerguard shaped for the fingers, a pair of engraved bone ramrod-pipes, and engraved staghorn fore-end cap, and horn-tipped ramrod 99.0 cm; 39 in barrel £2000-3000 458 A 14 BORE GERMAN MATCHLOCK MUSKET, SUHL, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 17TH CENTURY with two-stage sighted barrel fitted with separate pan with pivot-cover and fence at the breech, flat lock plate struck with a mark (Neue Støckel 3147), shaped serpentine, full stock (extensive worm, repairs), fish-tail butt, iron trigger-guard (butt-plate missing) and later ramrod 96.7 cm; 38 ⅛ in barrel This lockmaker’s mark is recorded in Støckel in conjunction with a Suhl marked barrel on a matchlock musket of circa 1660 £1000-1500

151


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459

460

461

459 A FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS SIGNED THOMAS, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PRIVATE PROOF, DATED 1800 with two-stage brass barrel inscribed ‘London’ over the breech, iron tang, signed border-engraved lock (one side nail replaced), walnut full stock (chipped), brass mounts including trigger-guard with acorn finial, butt-plate with engraved tang, escutcheon engraved ‘1800 to John Holmes from Vincent Drew Esq. as a Token of Regard’, and a pair of ramrod-pipes (the forward ramrodpipe chipped, ramrod missing) 36.0 cm; 14 ¼ in barrel £1200-1800 460 A FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS, THIRD QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY with two-stage brass barrel struck with London view and proof marks and the barrelsmith’s mark ‘IB’ beneath a heart at the breech, iron tang and lock (chemically cleaned), full stock (repairs), and brass mounts comprising engraved side-plate, butt-plate with tang of shaped outline, and trigger-guard and associated ramrod 41.5 cm; 16 ⅜ in barrel The barrelsmith’s mark is that of Joseph Buckmaster, recorded 1720-64 £1000-1200 461 A FLINTLOCK BLUNDERBUSS BY EDWARDS, DUBLIN, LATE 18TH CENTURY with brass barrel formed in four stages, signed over the breech and struck with the barrelsmith’s, London view and proof marks, associated lock of regulation type (pitted), full stock, and brass mounts including butt-plate struck with Fermanagh census mark ‘F1537’, trigger-guard and side-plate (fore-end repaired, sling swivel missing, later ramrod) 36 cm; 14 ¼ in barrel £400-600

152


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462

THE PROPERTY OF A GENTLEMAN 462 A FINE CASED 5 SHOT 54 BORE EARLY TRANTER PATENT THIRD MODEL SELF-COCKING PERCUSSION REVOLVER, RETAILED BY ROBERT TAYLOR PRITCHETT 86 ST. JAMES’S ST, LONDON, LONDON PROOF MARKS, NO. 7479T, CIRCA 1858 with blued octagonal sighted 6in barrel engraved with a band of foliage around the muzzle and with scrolling foliage on each side of the breech, foliate and border-engraved blued top flat signed ‘R.T. Pritchett, 86, St, James St, London’, engraved blued frame profusely decorated with scrolls and border ornament, the right side engraved ‘N° 7479.T.’, the left side stamped ‘WH’, fitted with bright patent scroll-and border-engraved rammer stamped ‘W.T. Tranter’s Patent’ in an oval, bright patent double trigger stamped ‘W. Tranter’s Patent’ in an oval (very small areas of pitting), profusely scroll-and border-engraved case hardened cylinder stamped with London proof marks, blued safety catch and arbor pin, finely chequered figured walnut butt, engraved case-hardened butt cap, engraved blued trigger-guard, in very good condition and retaining virtually all its original finish: in original fitted mahogany case lined in green baize, the lid with vacant circular brass escutcheon, complete with accessories comprising bag-shaped copper flask by G & J.W Hawksley, double cavity brass 54 bore mould for pointed bullets stamped “54” and numbered to the revolver “7479”, cleaning rod with rammer, jag and worm ends, oil bottle by James Dixon & Sons, turnscrew, nipple key, Kynoch & Co. japanned cap tin, japanned tin of Tranter lubricating composition, tin of Tranter lubricating bullets, and bone nipple box containing two spare nipples 29.8 cm; 11 ¾ in overall Literature Wolfgang Berk, William Tranter Birmingham 1849-1890, 2008, page 58 William Tranter traded from 13 St. Mary’s Row, Birmingham 1849-75, and between 1853-65 was granted six British patents relating to revolvers and their accessories, and was licensed by Deane, Adams & Deane to make complete Adams’ self-cocking revolvers and to use Adams’ patented frame for his own revolvers Robert Taylor Pritchett was contractor to the East India Company, Master of the Gunmakers’ Company in 1854 and traded from 86 St James’s Street from 1856-62. He retired from the gun trade in 1865 and took up art. He illustrated Sibbald Scott’s “British Army” in 1868, exhibited at The Royal Academy and became Private Painter to Queen Victoria £3000-4500 153


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463

THE PROPERTY OF A COLLECTOR 463 A FINE CASED PAIR OF 120 BORE ADAMS MODEL 1851 FIVE-SHOT DOUBLE-ACTION PERCUSSION REVOLVERS OF PRESENTATION QUALITY BY E. M. REILLY & CO. OXFORD STREET, LONDON, NOS. 31748 AND 31742, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1870-72 with signed octagonal rifled sighted barrels engraved with tight scrollwork at each end, signed scroll-engraved frames fitted with safety-catches, scroll-engraved loading levers, scroll-engraved numbered cylinders, highly figured chequered walnut butts, scrollengraved trigger-guards and butt-caps, vacant gold escutcheons, the iron parts retaining almost all of their original gilt finish, and in good condition throughout (the gilding with small speckled losses): in original mahogany cased with pierced and engraved giltbrass mounts including a vacant escutcheon on the lid, the interior lined in crimson velvet, the lid embossed with the gold maker’s details ‘E.M. Reilly & Co. 502 New Bond Street London & 2 Rue Scribe Paris’, complete with a full compliment of accessories including bullet mould decorated en suite with the pistols, with patent date ‘1852’ and fitted with blued spru-cutter, nickel powder-flask by Dixon & Sons, turn-screw and nipple-wrench each with ivory grip, oil bottle, gilt bullet tin with the maker’s name engraved on the lid 27.0 cm; 10 ⅝ in overall Edward Michael Reilly is recorded at 502 Oxford Street, circa 1848-60 becoming E. M. Reilly & Co in 1861 and opening a branch in Paris at 2 Rue Scribe 1870-72 £10000-15000

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464

464 A .32 CALIBRE U.S. 7-SHOT RIM-FIRE CHICAGO FIREARMS COMPANY PALM PISTOL ‘THE PROTECTOR’, NO. 18809, CIRCA 1895 with short two-stage barrel, round frame with patent and maker’s details on the respective sides, chequered composite grips with knurled borders, an some nickel finish 14.0 cm; 5 ½ in £600-700 465 A 5MM FRENCH 10-SHOT CENTRE-FIRE TURBIAUX SYSTEME PALM PISTOL ‘LE PROTECTOR’ BY S.G.D.G., NO. 1046/6361, CIRCA 1890 with short two-stage barrel, round frame with patent and maker’s details on the respective sides, hard rubber grips, and retaining some early nickel-plated finish 11.0 cm; 4 ⅜ in

465

Jacques Turbiaux patented ‘Le Protector’ in 1883, see L. Winant 1956, p.78 £500-600

466

466 A .32 CALIBRE U.S. 7-SHOT RIM-FIRE CHICAGO FIREARMS COMPANY PALM PISTOL ‘THE PROTECTOR’, NO. 7280, CIRCA 1895 with short two-stage barrel, round frame with patent and maker’s details on the respective sides, chequered composite grips with knurled borders, and some nickel finish 14.0 cm; 5 ½ in £600-700

467

467 A .44 CALIBRE STARR ARMS COMPANY MODEL 1858 DOUBLE ACTION SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION ARMY REVOLVER, NO. 517 CIRCA 1863-5 of standard production specifications, with blued barrel and frame, the latter with patent details on the left, numbered cylinder, walnut grips, and some finish 15.2 cm; 6 in barrel £700-800

468

468 A .44 CALIBRE REMINGTON NEW MODEL ARMY SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION REVOLVER, NO. 67923, CIRCA 1863-75 of standard production specifications, with blued sighted barrel, blued frame and cylinder, walnut grips, brass trigger-guard and some finish 20.5 cm; 8 in barrel £600-800

469

469 A .44 CALIBRE ALLEN & WHEELOCK CENTRE HAMMER ARMY SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION REVOLVER, CIRCA 1861-62 of standard production specifications, with sighted barrel stamped with patent details on the left (worn), rounded frame and walnut grips 19.0 cm; 7 ½ in barrel £550-650

156


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470 470 A CASED .31 CALIBRE COLT LONDON SIXTH MODEL 1849 FIVE-SHOT PERCUSSION POCKET REVOLVER, LONDON PROOF MARKS, NO. 10548, CIRCA 1856 of standard production specifications, with sighted barrel, frame, action, cylinder and rare iron trigger-guard with matching numbers, and walnut grips: in fitted oak case with later label ‘for loading Colt’s pistols’ complete with some accessories 15.2 cm; 6 in barrel £500-700

471

471 AN 80 BORE COOPER’S PATENT PERCUSSION SIX-SHOT PEPPERBOX REVOLVER, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1845 with fluted barrel group engraved around the muzzle and with traces of case-hardened finish scroll-engraved rounded action signed on the left, fitted with blued thumb-piece safety-catch, ring trigger, chequered walnut butt, and engraved iron butt-plate 10.0 cm; 4 in barrels £450-600

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475

472 A 54 BORE FIVE SHOT DOUBLE ACTION PERCUSSION REVOLVER RETAILED BY E. WOODS & SON 76 BOW STREET, LONDON, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1868-70 with octagonal signed barrel signed on the top-strap, borderengraved frame stamped ‘patent no. 4008’, fitted with rammer on the left, chequered hardwood butt and border-engraved trigger-guard (cleaned) 15.5 cm; 6 ⅛ in barrel

475 A 16 BORE PERCUSSION PISTOL FOR EAST INDIAN GOVERNMENT CONTRACT, DATED 1871 with browned sighted barrel struck with Ordnance marks at the breech, dated case-hardened lock marked ‘Birmingham’ and with crown, broad arrow and ‘EIG’ on the tail, full stock impressed ‘W. Scott & Sons’ and with ‘EIG Birmingham’ markings opposite the lock, brass mounts of regulation type, iron swivel ramrod and in good clean condition 20.3 cm; 8 in barrel

Edmund Woods & Son are recorded at this address from circa 1868

£250-350

£250-350 473 AN 80 BORE SIX-SHOT BAR-HAMMER PERCUSSION PEPPERBOX REVOLVER, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1845 AND A .30 CALIBRE RIM-FIRE TURN-OVER PISTOL the first with fluted barrel group round action, chequered grip and iron mounts (the iron parts worn); the second with sighted barrels, struck with the number ‘1002’ and Birmingham proof marks on one side, nickel-plated action, spur trigger and chequered grips (worn) the first: 9.5 cm; 3 ¾ in barrels (2) £250-350 474 A 60 BORE SIX-SHOT PERCUSSION TRANSITIONAL REVOLVER, MID-19TH CENTURY with two stage barrel, blued cylinder with Birmingham proof marks, engraved rounded action, hardwood grips and engraved iron mounts (worn, refinished, restorations) 15.0 cm; 6 in barrel £120-180

158

476 A .577 CALIBRE VICTORIAN PISTOL OF COASTGUARD TYPE, DATED 1847 of regulation type, the barrel stamped at the breech ‘TP’ crowned, ‘B’ crowned ‘9’, with broad arrow and ‘17’ crowned twice, stepped regulation lock with VR crowned, ‘Tower’ and the date, walnut stock, brass mounts, stirrup ramrod, iron ring and belt hook 15.0 cm; 6 in barrel £200-300 477 A .650 CALIBRE PERCUSSION PISTOL OF INDIAN ARMY CONTRACT, MID-19TH CENTURY with twist barrel stamped ‘42’ on the left of the breech, border-engraved lock, walnut stock, brass mounts of regulation type, and iron ramrod and lanyard ring 23.0 cm; 9 ⅛ in barrel £150-200


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478 478 A PAIR OF .500 CALIBRE PERCUSSION RIFLED TRAVELLING PISTOLS PRESENTED TO JOHN BOULTON, CONSTABLE OF BIRMINGHAM, BY THE INHABITANTS OF THAT TOWN, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, DATED 1839 with tapering sighted barrels rifled with eight grooves, inscribed ‘John Boulton, Birmingham’ on the flats, scroll-engraved breeches inlaid with gold lines, scroll-engraved tangs incorporating the back-sights, scroll-engraved locks, highly figured walnut full stocks, chequered butts, engraved blued iron trigger-guards, German silver escutcheons, swivel ramrods: in their fitted mahogany case lined in plum velvet, the lid with brass flush-fitting carrying handle inscribed ‘PRESENTED BY THE INHABITANTS OF BIRMINGHAM TO MR JNO BOULTON FOR HIS SERVICES AS CONSTABLE FROM OCTOBER 1838 TO OCTOBER 1839’ (lid cracked), and complete with some accessories including copper three-way flask, and cleaning rod with iron jag, together with a number of documents relating to the pistols provenance and research and a copy of the article cited below 13.0 cm; 5 ⅛ in barrels Provenance Richard Hart, California 1954 Literature Leith Dunham, The Constable’s Pistols, in Livrustkammaren 1957, pp. 199-201 The cited article records that the Constables of Birmingham were presented with a pair of pistols upon their retirement from 1820-39. This tradition replaced the much criticised lavish feasts that had previously happened on the occasion of their retirement. John Boulton was Constable of Birmingham for one year until October 1839, the regular police force being organised on 20 November of that year £2000-3000

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480

481

482

479 A CASED PAIR OF 32 BORE PERCUSSION DUELLING PISTOLS BY EGAN, BRADFORD, MID-19TH CENTURY with signed heavy browned octagonal sighted barrels, engraved tangs, signed engraved flush-fitting locks with engraved hammers, half-stocks, chequered grips, engraved blued iron trigger-guards, white metal barrel bolt escutcheons and engraved fore-end caps, and brass-tipped wooden ramrods (restorations, refinished): in a modern lined and fitted case with modern accessories 25.5 cm; 10 in barrels William Egan is recorded in Bradford, Yorkshire circa 1829-57 £800-1000 480 A 16 BORE PERCUSSION TRAVELLING PISTOL BY COLLINS, LONDON PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1840 with signed octagonal sighted barrel engraved with a band around the muzzle and fitted with stirrup ramrod beneath, engraved tang incorporating the back-sight, side-hammer action with bolt safety-catch engaging the hammer on the right and belt hook on the left, chequered walnut butt, engraved iron mounts and vacant silver escutcheon 11.4 cm; 4 ½ in barrel £350-450 481 A 34 BORE D.B. PERCUSSION TRAVELLING PISTOL BY WESTLEY RICHARDS, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1840 with browned sighted barrels, blued breeches, one fitted with platinum plug (the other missing), signed bolted scroll-engraved blued locks, figured walnut full stock, chequered grip, engraved iron mounts including belt hook on the left (probably an early working addition, the iron parts refinished), vacant silver escutcheon, and brass-tipped ramrod 10.0 cm; 4 in barrels £400-600 482 A RARE 34 BORE PERCUSSION PISTOL FOR THE CHESHIRE CONSTABULARY WIRRAL HUNDRED BY WILLIAMS & POWELL, LONDON PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1846 with sighted barrel inscribed ‘Cheshire Constabulary Wirral Hundred’, scroll-engraved breech with pierced platinum plug, engraved tang, signed engraved lock, walnut full stock, chequered butt, engraved iron mounts and silver escutcheon 10.0 cm; 4 in barrel £500-600

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483

484 483 A 28 BORE PERCUSSION DUELLING PISTOL BY JOSEPH MANTON, NO. 9054, CIRCA 1824 with heavy octagonal sighted barrel, numbered beneath and with census mark, probably for King’s County, IK-S 1010, patent breech engraved with a scroll on the right, inlaid with a platinum line, pierced platinum vent, and platinum-lined barrelsmith’s stamp, engraved breech tang incorporating the back-sight, signed scroll-and border-engraved bolted lock, hammer of early form, figured walnut half-stock (light bruising), chequered butt, engraved blued numbered trigger-guard, vacant silver escutcheon and silver barrel bolt escutcheon, and horn fore-end cap (later ramrod) 25.5 cm; 10 in barrel See Scott-Edeson 2000, p. 78 £1000-1500

484 A CASED 120 BORE SWISS PERCUSSION RIFLED TARGET PISTOL BY VANNOD À LAUSANNE, CIRCA 1850 with octagonal sighted rifled barrel stamped ‘ACIER FONDU’ on the top flat and formed with a recessed muzzle, the breech engraved ‘1’, border-engraved tang incorporating the backsight, signed border-engraved stepped flush-fitting lock, set trigger, figured walnut half-stock, chequered butt, engraved iron mounts comprising spurred trigger-guard, butt-cap with baluster finial, and small circular side nail washer, German silver barrel bolt escutcheons (the barrel bolt chipped): and no provision for a ramrod: in its fitted case with leather outer, the interior of the case lined in green baize (areas of wear, staining), complete with spare barrel numbered ‘2’ at the breech (lug missing), bullet mould, copper flask with optic and associated turnscrew 22.7 cm; 9 in barrel Jean François Vannod is recorded in Orny, Vaude and Lausanne, circa 1802-84 £1500-2500 161


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485

485 A PAIR OF 25 BORE BELGIAN PERCUSSION RIFLED TARGET PISTOLS, LIÈGE PROOF, CIRCA 1840 with browned twist swamped octagonal signed barrels cut with polygroove rifling, engraved percussion bolsters, engraved tangs decorated with conventional foliage and traces of case-hardening, engraved flush-fitted locks, set triggers, figured walnut halfstocks (one fore-end cracked), chequered butts, engraved iron mounts comprising ‘bat-wing’ side-plates, trigger-guards with foliate terminals, oval butt-caps, and no provision for ramrods 24.0 cm; 9 ½ in barrels £500-700 486 AN 80 BORE D.B. CONTINENTAL PERCUSSION POCKET PISTOL AND A 54 BORE CONTINENTAL PIN-FIRE PISTOL, CIRCA 1860-80 the first with turn-off barrels struck with Liège proof marks beneath, box-lock action, and walnut butt, the second with engraved box-lock action decorated with neo-rococo scrolls and flowers, and fluted ebony butt (worn, minor losses) the first: 8.0 cm; 3 ⅛ in barrels (2) £200-300

486

162


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487

487 A PAIR OF 32 BORE SWISS PERCUSSION RIFLED OFFICER’S PISTOLS BY F. SIBER A MORGES, CIRCA 1830 with octagonal sighted multi-groove rifled barrels stamped with the barrelsmith’s name in a brass-lined recess ahead of the breeches and stamped ‘CANON TORDU’ on the left, engraved numbered breeches incorporating the back-sights, border-engraved flush-fitting locks inscribed ‘à Morges’, set trigger, figured walnut full stock carved with a panel of trellis chequering over the foreends and fine chequering over the butts, engraved German silver side-plates formed as a pair of addorsed scrolling serpents, engraved German silver butt-plates, engraved steel trigger-guards decorated with a neo-classical urn on the bows and a demifigure on the finials, horn fore-end caps, silver barrel bolt escutcheons, moulded iron ramrod-pipes, and German silver-tipped iron ramrods 17.5 cm; 6 ⅞ in barrels Frederick Siber is recorded in Lausanne circa 1819-50, his father (recorded circa 1779-1841) was active in Morges £500-700 488 A 14 BORE SPANISH PERCUSSION PISTOL BY MANUEL ORBEA EN EIBAR, DATED 1842 with two stage barrel inscribed with the maker’s details and the date in silver, engraved breech, grooved tang, engraved flat lock fitted with hammer formed as a characteristic stylised lion, hardwood full stock, chequered grip and engraved iron mounts (worn) 18.5 cm; 7 ¼ in barrel Manuel, Mateo and Casimir Orbea are recorded as gunmakers in Eibar circa 1840 until 1929 when they ceased arms production and started manufacturing bicycles £250-350

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489

489 A 16 BORE FLINTLOCK DUELLING PISTOL BY R. JOHNSTON, CIRCA 1810 with earlier rebrowned tapering barrel signed ‘Barnett London’ on the flat, gold-lined vent and engraved breech, engraved breech tang incorporating the back-sight, signed stepped bevelled lock fitted with bolt safety-catch, semi-rainproof pan and roller, figured walnut full stock, chequered butt, and engraved blued iron trigger-guard decorated with a trophy-of-music on the bow and with pineapple terminal, vacant silver escutcheon and horn-tipped ramrod with iron worm 23.5 cm; 9 ½ in barrel £800-1000 490 A 13 BORE FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOL BY TATHAM & EGG, CIRCA 1810 with tapering sighted barrel impressed with census numbers over the breech (partly obscured), engraved tang, signed stepped lock fitted with semi-rainproof pan, roller and later cock , full stock, chequered grip, engraved iron trigger-guard and butt-cap (the iron parts worn), and associated horn-tipped ramrod 17.0 cm; 6 ¾ in barrel £300-400 491 AN 8 BORE FLINTLOCK TRAVELLING PISTOL, CIRCA 1820 AND A PAIR OF PERCUSSION BELT PISTOLS BY MOORE & WOODWARD ST JAMES’S ST., LONDON, CIRCA 1840 the first with octagonal sighted barrel, stepped lock fitted with roller on the steel spring (iron parts pitted), full stock (chipped) and brass mounts; the second with reblued octagonal sighted barrels, one fitted with stirrup ramrod beneath (the other missing), engraved side-hammer actions signed on top, fitted with engraved hammers (one chipped) and one with belt hook on the left (the other missing), chequered butts (one cracked), and engraved iron mounts the first: 13.0 cm; 5 ¼ in barrel (3) £400-600 164


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493

492

THE PROPERTY OF A COLLECTOR 492 A PAIR OF 22 BORE BRESCIAN SILVER-MOUNTED FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOLS BY GIOVANNI BATTISTA ZUGNO, CIRCA 1760 with Spanish barrels formed in two stages, chiselled over the girdles, stamped with the gold-lined barrelsmith’s marks of Geronimo Fernandez (Neue Støckel 7388 and 7389) over the breeches surrounded by decorative fleur-de-lys marks (the gold with losses), engraved tangs, signed stepped bevelled locks stamped ‘FZ’ on the inside, fitted with chiselled cocks and pans with scrolling rear fences, figured walnut full stocks carved with foliage over the fore-ends and about the tangs (minor repairs), full silver mounts cast and chased with rococo scrolls in low relief, comprising spurred pommels fitted with flowerhead caps, sideplates, trigger-guards, a pair of ramrod-pipes and escutcheons engraved with the owner’s crest, a fleur-de-lys, beneath a coronet of an untitled noble, permitted, and silver-tipped whalebone ramrods 25.3 cm; 10 in barrels (2) G. B. Zugno is recorded in Brescia circa 1720-70. Another pair of pistols by this maker are preserved in the Capodimonte Collection, Naples. See Gaibi 1968, no. 549 and Carpegna 1997, p. 223 £4000-6000 493 A 14 BORE SPANISH MIQUELET-LOCK PISTOL BY IOAN DEOP, RIPOLL, LAST QUARTER OF THE 18TH CENTURY with two-stage barrel moulded at the muzzle, inlaid in silver with a symmetrical deign of silver flowers and foliage, stamped with the barrelsmith’s mark of Eud Molas over the breech, engraved tang, signed bevelled border-engraved lock decorated with a flower on the tail, fitted with engraved moulded cock and bridle each enriched with gilding, brass pan, figured walnut full stock carved with foliage and a flower about the tang, and silver mounts comprising spurred pommel with grotesque mask cap and side-plate each engraved with rococo scrollwork, a pair of ramrod-pipes, brass trigger-guard, and associated horn-tipped ramrod 20.5 cm; 8 ⅛ in barrel Four gunmakers of this name are recorded during the period 1772-1816, 1790-1816 and circa 1802 respectively. Eudald Molas is recorded as a barrelsmith 1678-1718 £700-900 165


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495

496

VARIOUS OWNERS

498

494 A .700 CALIBRE BELGIAN FLINTLOCK SEA SERVICE PISTOL, 19TH CENTURY of regulation type (cock replaced), with brass mounts, iron lanyard ring and no provision for a ramrod 22.8 cm; 9 in barrel £200-250 495 A 15 BORE FLINTLOCK OF AUSTRIAN MODEL 1798/1828 CAVALRY TYPE PISTOL with minor variations, Liège made barrel, bevelled lock fitted with iron pan (cock associated), full stock, brass mounts, iron lanyard ring and iron ramrod 25.4 cm; 10 in barrel £200-300 496 A 25 BORE FLINTLOCK LONG HOLSTER PISTOL, POSSIBLY SWISS MID-17TH CENTURY with tapering barrel formed in three stages, octagonal over the breech, slender tang, bevelled lock engraved with flowers and a bird-of-prey (refreshed), dark hardwood full stock moulded over the fore-end and flattened opposite the lock, and gilt-brass mounts comprising pommel cast and chased as a lionshead in the round, trigger-guard and two ramrod-pipes, and gilt-copper tipped wooden ramrod (restorations) 31.4 cm; 12 ⅜ in barrel £1500-2000 497 A 22 BORE GERMAN FLINTLOCK HOLSTER PISTOL, CIRCA 1740 with two-stage barrel inscribed ‘29’ and reeded over the breech, rounded lock, walnut full stock carved about the tang (cracked through, repaired, fore-end cap missing), and brass mounts (repaired) 24.5 cm; 9 ⅝ in barrel £100-150 498 A 40 BORE FLINTLOCK BOX-LOCK PISTOL SIGNED LAMBERT DIT BIRON, LATE 18TH CENTURY with turn-off cannon barrel, box-lock action signed on the left and inscribed ‘Dit Brion’ on the right, flat-sided walnut butt, and engraved iron trigger-guard 11 cm; 4 ⅜ in barrel £250-350 166


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499

PROPERTY FROM THE DESCENDANT FAMILY OF ARTHUR RICHARD DUFTY CBE, (1911-1993), MASTER OF THE ROYAL ARMOURIES (1963-76) AND PRESIDENT OF THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES (1978- 81) 499 A PAIR OF 100 BORE FLINTLOCK POCKET PISTOLS SIGNED H. NOCK, BIRMINGHAM PROOF MARKS, CIRCA 1820 with turn-off barrels engraved with a band of foliage around the muzzles, rounded actions signed on the left and inscribed ‘London’ on the right, engraved with trophies-of-arms on each side, fitted with blued steel springs, rollers and sliding thumb-piece safety-catches also locking the steels, blued folding triggers, finely chequered walnut butts, and vacant silver escutcheons 3 cm; 1 ¼ in barrels £800-1000

END OF SALE

167


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Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with

Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria 7th December 2016


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Sale Results for 2nd December 2015 The following prices are the hammer prices GBP/£. Unsold lots are not shown. Thomas Del Mar Ltd is not responsible for typographical errors or omissions 1

£7,000

58

£500

115

£500

168

£380

227

£1,200

293

£810

362

£160

440

£600

2

£280

59

£80

116

£3,500

169

£190

228

£1,200

294

£800

364

£450

442

£4,000

3

£500

60

£160

117

£700

170

£230

229

£400

295

£850

365

£550

443

£2,000

4

£160

61

£550

118

£750

171

£480

231

£5,000

296

£650

366

£360

444

£1,500

5

£500

62

£420

119

£550

172

£480

232

£4,000

297

£1,100

367

£360

6

£200

63

£520

120

£300

173

£750

235

£150

298

£1,000

368

£360

446

£2,800

7

£350

64

£180

121

£100

174

£60

236

£500

299

£1,600

369

£550

447

£900

448

£600

8

£240

65

£280

9

£800

66

£160

10

£280

67

£4,800

11

£200

68

£1,400

14

£250

69

15

£350

122

£400

175

£10,000

237

£350

300

£1,200

370

£70

123

£60

176

£21,000

238

£160

301

£1,000

372

£14,000

449

£820

124

£250

177

£7,200

242

£130

307

£820

373

£1,100

450

£600

125

£130

178

£10,000

244

£360

310

£700

374

£1,100

452

£14,000

£260

126

£150

179

£11,000

245

£2,000

312

£950

375

£750

453

£1,200

70

£350

127

£220

180

£4,800

246

£450

313

£650

376

£2,200

455

£2,000

456

£1,300

457

£1,000

458

£800

16

£220

71

£220

128

£150

181

£8,000

247

£160

314

£360

377

£140

17

£300

72

£900

129

£160

182

£8,500

248

£900

315

£360

378

£140

18

£350

73

£1,700

130

£140

183

£120

251

£1,400

316

£380

379

£1,100

19

£550

74

£100

131

£400

185

£80

253

£5,000

317

£400

381

£2,000

20

£200

75

£220

133

£100

186

£900

256

£700

318

£700

382

£1,260

459

£2,400

£1,300

460

£1,000 £1,200

22

£3,000

76

£130

134

£900

188

£3,000

258

£300

319

£380

383

23

£240

77

£25

136

£30

189

£1,500

259

£1,000

320

£380

384

£2,000

461

24

£750

78

£950

137

£600

190

£2,000

260

£2,100

321

£320

385

£820

463

£2,400

26

£100

79

£120

139

£150

191

£150

261

£45

322

£300

386

£1,200

465

£3,000

27

£160

80

£350

140

£24,000

192

£4,500

262

£420

323

£280

391

£630

466

£700

28

£140

81

£650

141

£11,000

193

£60

263

£3,200

325

£1,800

393

£540

467

£550

30

£210

82

£250

142

£10,000

194

£80

265

£400

330

£1,800

394

£450

31

£100

83

£120

143

£6,000

195

£50

266

£340

331

£1,700

399

£320

469

£1,000

32

£650

84

£220

144

£13,000

196

£220

267

£350

332

£1,000

400

£600

470

£800 £1,000

£250

268

£350

333

£1,300

401

£600

471

198

£1,100

269

£480

334

£1,300

402

£200

472

£950

199

£250

270

£850

335

£800

404

£600

474

£700

£7,000

200

£280

271

£1,600

336

£1,100

405

£300

475

£480

£4,000

201

£200

272

£1,050

337

£1,600

406

£150

477

£1,500

150

£5,500

202

£420

273

£6,600

338

£8,500

407

£320

478

£700

£80

151

£2,000

203

£250

274

£800

339

£750

409

£170

479

£750

95

£800

152

£2,800

204

£700

275

£380

340

£480

410

£260

96

£1,000

153

£2,200

205

£450

276

£300

341

£480

411

£1,100

480

£700

481

£950

33

£110

85

£14,000

145

£8,000

197

34

£320

86

£5,400

146

£8,000

35

£300

88

£3,000

147

£13,000

36

£150

89

£1,800

148

37

£3,800

90

£400

149

38

£2,000

92

£350

39

£650

93

40

£9,000

41

£3,200

44

£400

97

£900

154

£900

206

£100

277

£70

342

£15,000

413

£320

45

£300

98

£200

155

£200

207

£480

278

£240

343

£110

414

£200

482

£650

46

£1,600

101

£400

156

£450

208

£1,900

279

£280

344

£750

415

£200

483

£700

47

£900

103

£700

157

£100

211

£3,000

280

£200

346

£400

416

£1,600

484

£650

48

£180

104

£600

158

£450

212

£2,500

281

£1,300

351

£270

418

£250

485

£480

49

£130

105

£600

159

£380

213

£18,000

283

£5,000

352

£350

420

£300

486

£600

50

£500

106

£150

160

£700

214

£12,000

284

£1,800

353

£270

421

£200

487

£1,500

51

£450

107

£170

161

£100

216

£6,000

286

£850

354

£3,000

422

£200

489

£1,000

52

£400

108

£950

162

£900

217

£18,000

287

£850

355

£2,800

423

£150

53

£300

109

£500

163

£750

218

£3,800

288

£1,000

356

£2,800

424

£150

491

£300

54

£400

110

£1,500

164

£150

221

£3,000

289

£1,200

358

£1,800

428

£150

494

£1,200 £800

55

£200

112

£100

56

£600

113

£1,600

57

£480

114

£1,400

£180

222

£700

290

£850

359

£1,900

430

£400

497

166

£750

224

£130

291

£1,900

360

£900

434

£80

500

£2,000

167

£300

226

£2,600

292

£850

361

£140

435

£280

501

£3,000

165


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Armour of the English Knight

1400-1450 Tobias Capwell

This detailed, lavishly illustrated book chronicles the armour worn by English men-at-arms during the later phases of the Hundred Years War, as they fought through the great victories and humiliating defeats in France that would ultimately lead them into the War of the Roses. For the first time, many unknown or rarely published visual and documentary sources have been brought together to reveal the beautiful and intimidating accoutrements of the war-like English. Hugh sums were paid by the chivalric elite for human exo-skeletons of hardened steel glittering with engraved and gilded decoration, the form, function and style of which was as characteristic of the English as were their feared longbowmen. Employing rich imagery in diverse media, combined with detailed technical and decorative analysis, Armour of the English Knight creates a unique visual journey through the physical world of the late medieval armoured warrior.

Thomas Del Mar Ltd


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Conditions of Business for Buyers 1.

Introduction (a) The contractual relationship of Thomas Del Mar Ltd. and Sellers with prospective Buyers is governed by:(i) these Conditions of Business for Buyers; (ii) the Conditions of Business for Sellers displayed in the saleroom and available from Thomas Del Mar Ltd.; (iii) Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s Authenticity Guarantee; (iv) any additional notices and terms printed in the sale catalogue, in each case as amended by any saleroom notice or auctioneer's announcement. (b) As auctioneer, Thomas Del Mar Ltd. acts as agent for the Seller. Occasionally, Thomas Del Mar Ltd. may own or have a financial interest in a lot.

2. Definitions “Bidder” is any person making, attempting or considering making a bid, including Buyers; “Buyer” is the person who makes the highest bid or offer accepted by the auctioneer, including a Buyer’s principal when bidding as agent; “Seller” is the person offering a lot for sale, including their agent, or executors; “TDM” means Thomas Del Mar Ltd., Auctioneers, 25 Blythe Road, London, W14 0PD, company number 5368339; “Buyer’s Expenses” are any costs or expenses due to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. from the Buyer; “Buyer’s Premium” is the commission payable by the Buyer on the Hammer Price at the rates set out in the Guide for Prospective Buyers; “Hammer Price” is the highest bid for the Property accepted by the auctioneer at the auction or the post auction sale price; “Purchase Price” is the Hammer Price plus applicable Buyer’s Premium and Buyer’s Expenses; “Reserve Price” (where applicable) is the minimum Hammer Price at which the Seller has agreed to sell a lot. The Buyer’s Premium, Buyer’s Expenses and Hammer Price are subject to VAT, where applicable. 3. Examination of Lots (a) TDM’s knowledge of lots is partly dependent on information provided by the Seller and TDM is unable to exercise exhaustive due diligence on each lot. Each lot is available for examination before sale. Bidders are responsible for carrying out examinations and research before sale to satisfy themselves over the condition of lots and accuracy of descriptions. (b) All oral and/or written information provided to Bidders relating to lots, including descriptions in the catalogue, condition reports or elsewhere are statements of TDM’s opinion and not representations of fact. Estimates may not be relied on as a prediction of the selling price or value of the lot and may be revised from time to time at TDM’s absolute discretion. 4. Exclusions and limitations of liability to Buyers (a) TDM shall refund the Purchase Price to the Buyer in circumstances where it deems that the lot is a Counterfeit, subject to the terms of TDM’s Authenticity Guarantee. (b) Subject to Condition 4(a), neither TDM nor the Seller:(i) is liable for any errors or omissions in any oral or written information provided to Bidders by TDM, whether negligent or otherwise; (ii) gives any guarantee or warranty to Bidders and any implied warranties and conditions are excluded (save in so far as such obligations cannot be excluded by English law), other than the express warranties given by the Seller to the Buyer (for which the Seller is solely responsible) under the Conditions of Business for Sellers; (iii) accepts responsibility to Bidders for acts or omissions (whether negligent or otherwise) by TDM in connection with the conduct of auctions or for any matter relating to the sale of any lot.

174

(c) Without prejudice to Condition 4(b), any claim against TDM and/or the Seller by a Bidder is limited to the Purchase Price for the relevant lot. Neither TDM nor the Seller shall be liable for any indirect or consequential losses. (d) Nothing in Condition 4 shall exclude or limit the liability of TDM or the Seller for death or personal injury caused by the negligent acts or omissions of TDM or the Seller. 5. Bidding at Auction (a) TDM has absolute discretion to refuse admission to the auction. Before sale, Bidders must complete a Registration Form and supply such information and references as TDM requires. Bidders are personally liable for their bid and are jointly and severally liable with their principal, if bidding as agent (in which case TDM’s prior and express consent must be obtained). (b) TDM advises Bidders to attend the auction, but TDM will endeavour to execute absentee written bids provided that they are, in TDM’s opinion, received in sufficient time and in legible form. (c) When available, written and telephone bidding is offered as a free service at the Bidder’s risk and subject to TDM’s other commitments; TDM is therefore not liable for failure to execute such bids. Telephone bidding may be recorded. 6. Import, Export and Copyright Restrictions TDM and the Seller make no representations or warranties as to whether any lot is subject to import, export or copyright restrictions. It is the Buyer's sole responsibility to obtain any copyright clearance or any necessary import, export or other licence required by law, including licences required under the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). 7.

Conduct of the Auction (a) The auctioneer has discretion to refuse bids, withdraw or reoffer lots for sale (including after the fall of the hammer) if (s)he believes that there may be an error or dispute, and may also take such other action as (s)he reasonably deems necessary. (b) The auctioneer will commence and advance the bidding in such increments as (s)he considers appropriate and is entitled to place bids on the Seller’s behalf up to the Reserve Price for the lot, where applicable. (c) Subject to Condition 7(a), the contract between the Buyer and the Seller is concluded on the striking of the auctioneer's hammer. (d) Any post-auction sale of lots shall incorporate these Conditions of Business.

8. Payment and Collection (a) Unless otherwise agreed in advance, payment of the Purchase Price is due in pounds sterling immediately after the auction (the "Payment Date"). (b) Title in a lot will not pass to the Buyer until TDM has received the Purchase Price in cleared funds. TDM will generally not release a lot to a Buyer before payment. Earlier release shall not affect passing of title or the Buyer's obligation to pay the Purchase Price, as above. (c) The refusal of any licence or permit required by law, as outlined in Condition 6, shall not affect the Buyer’s obligation to pay for the lot, as per Condition 8(a). (d) The Buyer must arrange collection of lots within 10 working days of the auction. Purchased lots are at the Buyer's risk from the earlier of (i) collection or (ii) 10 working days after the auction. Until risk passes, TDM will compensate the Buyer for any loss or damage to the lot up to a maximum of the Purchase Price actually paid by the Buyer. TDM’s assumption of risk is subject to the exclusions detailed in Condition 5(d) of the Conditions of Business for Sellers. (e) All packing and handling of lots is at the Buyer's risk. TDM will not be liable for any acts or omissions of third party packers or shippers.


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9. Remedies for non-payment Without prejudice to any rights that the Seller may have, if the Buyer without prior agreement fails to make payment for the lot within 5 working days of the auction, TDM may in its sole discretion exercise 1 or more of the following remedies:(a) store the lot at its premises or elsewhere at the Buyer’s sole risk and expense; (b) cancel the sale of the lot; (c) set off any amounts owed to the Buyer by TDM against any amounts owed to TDM by the Buyer for the lot; (d) reject future bids from the Buyer; (e) charge interest at 4% per annum above HSBC Bank plc Base Rate from the Payment Date to the date that the Purchase Price is received in cleared funds; (f) re-sell the lot by auction or privately, with estimates and reserves at TDM’s discretion, in which case the Buyer will be liable for any shortfall between the original Purchase Price and the amount achieved on re-sale, including all costs incurred in such re-sale; (g) Exercise a lien over any Buyer’s Property in TDM’s possession, applying the sale proceeds to any amounts owed by the Buyer to TDM. TDM shall give the Buyer 14 days' written notice before exercising such lien; (h) commence legal proceedings to recover the Purchase Price for the lot, plus interest and legal costs; (i) disclose the Buyer’s details to the Seller to enable the Seller to commence legal proceedings 10. Failure to collect purchases (a) If the Buyer pays the Purchase Price but does not collect the lot within 20 working days of the auction, the lot will be stored at the Buyer's expense and risk at TDM’s premises or in independent storage.

(b) If a lot is paid for but uncollected within 6 months of the auction, following 60 days written notice to the Buyer, TDM will re-sell the lot by auction or privately, with estimates and reserves at TDM’s discretion. The sale proceeds, less all TDM’s costs, will be forfeited unless collected by the Buyer within 2 years of the original auction. 11. Data Protection (a) TDM will use information supplied by Bidders or otherwise obtained lawfully by TDM for the provision of auction related services, client administration, marketing and as otherwise required by law. (b) By agreeing to these Conditions of Business, the Bidder agrees to the processing of their personal information and to the disclosure of such information to third parties world-wide for the purposes outlined in Condition 11(a) and to Sellers as per Condition 9(i). 12. Miscellaneous (a) All images of lots, catalogue descriptions and all other materials produced by TDM are the copyright of TDM (b) These Conditions of Business are not assignable by any Buyer without TDM’s prior written consent, but are binding on Bidders' successors, assigns and representatives. (c) The materials listed in Condition 1(a) set out the entire agreement between the parties. (d) If any part of these Conditions of Business be held unenforceable, the remaining parts shall remain in full force and effect. (e) These Conditions of Business shall be interpreted in accordance with English Law, under the exclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts, in favour of TDM.

Thomas Del Mar Ltd.‘s Authenticity Guarantee If Thomas Del Mar Ltd sells an item of Property which is later shown to be a “Counterfeit”, subject to the terms below Thomas Del Mar Ltd will rescind the sale and refund the Buyer the total amount paid by the Buyer to Thomas Del Mar Ltd for that Property, up to a maximum of the Purchase Price. The Guarantee lasts for one (1) year after the date of the relevant auction, is for the benefit of the Buyer only and is non-transferable. “Counterfeit” means an item of Property that in Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s reasonable opinion is an imitation created with the intent to deceive over the authorship, origin, date, age, period, culture or source, where the correct description of such matters is not included in the catalogue description for the Property. Property shall not be considered Counterfeit solely because of any damage and/or restoration and/or modification work (including, but not limited to, recolouring, tooling or repatinating) Please note that this Guarantee does not apply if either:(i) the catalogue description was in accordance with the generally accepted opinions of scholars and experts at the date of the sale, or the catalogue description indicated that there was a conflict of such opinions; or (ii) the only method of establishing at the date of the sale that the item was a Counterfeit would have been by means of processes not then generally available or accepted, unreasonably expensive or impractical; or likely to have caused damage to or loss in value to the Property (in Thomas Del Mar Ltd.’s reasonable opinion); or

To claim under this Guarantee, the Buyer must:(i) notify Thomas Del Mar Ltd in writing within one (1) month of receiving any information that causes the Buyer to question the authenticity or attribution of the Property, specifying the lot number, date of the auction at which it was purchased and the reasons why it is believed to be Counterfeit; and (ii) return the Property to Thomas Del Mar Ltd in the same condition as at the date of sale and be able to transfer good title in the Property, free from any third party claims arising after the date of the sale. Thomas Del Mar Ltd has discretion to waive any of the above requirements. Thomas Del Mar Ltd may require the Buyer to obtain at the Buyer's cost the reports of two independent and recognised experts in the relevant field and acceptable to Thomas Del Mar Ltd. Thomas Del Mar Ltd shall not be bound by any reports produced by the Buyer, and reserves the right to seek additional expert advice at its own expense. In the event Thomas Del Mar Ltd decides to rescind the sale under this Guarantee, it may refund to the Buyer the reasonable costs of up to two mutually approved independent expert reports, provided always that the costs of such reports have been approved in advance and in writing by Thomas Del Mar Ltd.

(iii) there has been no material loss in value of the Property from its value had it accorded with its catalogue description.

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Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with Sotheby’s

Catalogue Subscription Form In order to avoid missing a sale why not subscribe and receive the catalogue directly from the printer’s mailing house. Subscribers receive at least two catalogues per annum and are kept up-to-date to sale-related events at Thomas Del Mar Ltd. Name [Block Capitals].............................................................................................................................................................. Address .................................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................................................ Post/Zip Code ..................................................................... Telephone Number ............................................................. Signature ............................................................................ Date .................................................................................... E-mail .................................................................................. SUBSCRIPTION COSTS FOR TWO CATALOGUES AND POSTAGE UK

£40

Europe

£44

Rest of the world

£48

Please make cheques payable to THOMAS DEL MAR LTD and send to Thomas Del Mar Ltd, 25 Blythe Road, London W14 0PD, United Kingdom, or alternatively fax your details to us on +44 (0) 207 6025973 Credit/Debit Card Information Mastercard Visa Debit/Switch Card Number ...................................................................... Expiry Date ......................................................................... 3-Digit Security Code .......................................................... Please debit my card for the amount shown above SIGNED .............................................................................. 176


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Thomas Del Mar Ltd

Absentee Bid Form (Please print or type)

Sale Title Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria Date 29th June 2016

Name Address

Code: Mortice Please mail, fax, or scan and email to: Thomas Del Mar 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Fax +44 (0) 207 602 5973

Important

Postcode Telephone/Home

Business

Fax

Vat No.

Please bid on my behalf at the above sale for the following Lot(s) up to the hammer price(s) mentioned below. These bids are to be executed as cheaply as is permitted by other bids or reserves and in an amount up to but not exceeding the specified amount. The auctioneer may open the bidding on any lot by placing a bid on behalf of the seller. The auctioneer may further bid on behalf of the seller up to the amount of the reserve by placing responsive or consecutive bids for a lot.

Email

I agree to be bound by Thomas Del Mar Ltd’s Conditions of Business. If any bid is successful, I agree to pay a buyer’s premium on the hammer price at the rate stated in the front of the catalogue and any VAT, or amounts in lieu of VAT, which may be due on the buyer’s premium and the hammer price.

Expiry Date

Methods of Payment Thomas Del Mar Ltd. welcomes the following methods of payment, most of which will facilitate immediate release of your purchases. Wire Transfer to our Bank Electronic transfers may be sent directly to our Bank: HSBC Bank Plc 38 High Street Dartford Kent DA1 1DG

Signed

Date

Card type (Visa/Mastercard/Debit) Card Number Cardholder Name 3 digit security code

Billing Address (if different from above)

Cardholder Signature If you wish Thomas Del Mar Ltd. to ship your purchases, please tick

Lot

Description

£ Bid Price

IBAN No.: GB78MIDL40190481632140 BIC.: MIDLGB22 Sort Code: 40-19-04 Account No.: 81632140 Account Name: Thomas Del Mar Ltd Credit/Debit Card A 3% surcharge is payable on all credit card transactions; there is no charge for UK debit cards. International debit cards attract a 3% surcharge. By signing this form you are authorizing payment for this sale. Sterling Bankers Draft Drawn on a recognised UK bank Sterling Cash or Cheque Cheques must be drawn on a recognised UK bank. We require seven days to clear a cheque without a letter of guarantee from your bank.

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Lot

Description

£ Bid Price

Lot

Description

£ Bid Price


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Thomas Del Mar Ltd


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Thomas Del Mar Ltd In association with 25 Blythe Road London W14 0PD Tel: +44 (0) 207 602 4805 Fax: +44 (0) 207 602 5973 Email: enquiries@thomasdelmar.com www.thomasdelmar.com

Thomas Del Mar Ltd  

Antique Arms, Armour & Militaria | Wednesday 29th June 2016

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