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! at E uc ed Indonesia's Largest Expatriate Readership | 94th Edition | 22nd May - 4th June 2013 |

International Humanity Foundation, Jakarta

Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013


Dear Readers, The way you think, behave and even feel: everything comes down to education. 94th Edition | 22 May - 4 June 2013

Editor in Chief Angela Richardson Assistant Editor Silvia Forsman Management Edo Frese Sales Dian Mardianingsih Distribution Dian Mardianingsih Graphics Adietyo Randualas Finance & Admin Pertiwi Gianto Putri Lini Verawaty Contributors Nithin Coca Terry Collins Hush Petersen Eamonn Sadler Grace Susetyo Antony Sutton Jacqueline Wales Kenneth Yeung Editorial Enquiries Circulation Enquiries Subscription Events

In 2012, the Economists Intelligence Unit carried out tests to determine the quality of education in 40 different countries worldwide. Indonesia was one of these countries. Indonesia also ranked last. How could this be? Spanning nearly the width of the United States, Indonesia is home to thousands of schools in hard-to-reach areas. Many children have to walk or cycle quite a distance to reach their schools, oftentimes being chased by wild boar, or in one of my mother’s stories from her primary school days in a small town in east Java, a donkey. The completion of the first nine years of schooling is compulsory in Indonesia, however in rural areas, only 60% of primary school students attend their schools. It is not only the students who don’t show up, it is also the teachers. In small villages, teacher attendance is low, which could be down to low salaries, low motivation, and little or no qualifications. Statistics show that 66% of children in small villages don’t have qualified teachers and that only 51% of Indonesian teachers actually have the proper qualifications to carry out their professions. There are also at least 150,000 classrooms in rural Indonesia that are in desperate need of repair. Indonesia spends 20% of its national budget on education, however reports show that a staggering 40-50% of this budget never reaches the schools due to corrupt use by education “officials” as well as crooked building contractors grabbing a piece of the action. Corruption delves even deeper, too, where the actual schools themselves will charge students illegal overhead fees to parents, oftentimes discouraging the poorer families from sending their children to school in the first place. Many parents who can afford to will then also bribe schools to keep

94th issue

the overheads low, and the vicious cycle continues. Amidst all of this, the government plans to cut down classes on Science and English to focus more on Nationalism and Religion. Would this not make Indonesia more dependent on foreign companies and investment in the future? Indonesia received an ‘F’ in the aforementioned Economics Intelligence Unit study, which shows a clear weakness in this area, with an urgent demand for significant improvement, not reducing classes in science, which would result in the opposite. To be able to improve on an ‘F’ in science and a 40th, and last place, on the world’s education ladder, a few things need to happen in Indonesia. Firstly, we need properly qualified, good teachers, who receive a respectable salary to motivate them to continue teaching. Secondly, the curriculum which has already been changed twice in the last decade, needs to be balanced, allowing this nation’s students the possibility to enter on the global technology and science market. And last but not least, we need a safe distribution of the education budget, ensuring none of this precious funding gets “misplaced” or vanished in the wrong hands. The powers that be must take into account facts such as these and do what is best for the children and this country’s future. As Nelson Mandela said, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”.  Angela Richardson


4 Featured A Language education mess 6 Culture Confessions of a third culture kid 8 Confessions of a third culture kid (continued) 10 Faces of Jakarta Pak Trisno the ojek driver 12 Alternative Learning contemporary circus 14 History Educating the past 16 Meet the Expat Jacob Vredenbregt 18 Personal Tech & Apps Use Your mum's smartphone to do your homework 19 Theatre An Inspector Calls 2o Light entertainment Education for Adults only 21 Observations Education Degeneration 22 Scams in the City Crooks in Uniform 23 Classifieds Spotted Pic

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Spotted by Rolf T.

Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

Stenden scholarship

for studying hotel management


igh school students who want to continue their studies by pursuing a degree in hotel management and are looking for a scholarship will now have the opportunity to apply for Stenden University Bali’s scholarship. Stenden offers discounts on tuition fees ranging from 25%, 50%, 75% up until 100%. This depends on the candidate’s high school grades, motivation and extra-curricular activities. The scholarship gives students a chance to join the International Hospitality Management programme in Bali with a Double Bachelor’s degree upon graduation (Indonesian Sarjana Ekonomi and Dutch Bachelor of Business Administration). During this four year course, students will move to Stenden main campus site in the Netherlands for one year. The tuition fees, to which the scholarship discount applies, include studying and accommodation for one year in the Netherlands as well as a return flight ticket adding up to USD 35,000 in savings over four years. This scholarship is for students with an Indonesian nationality only. Applicants should be students in their last year of high school or have graduated from high school no later than 2010. Besides that, they should have exceptional study results and a strong

Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

motivation to pursue a career in hospitality. The scholarship can last for the entire period of study, depending on the study results. These will be reviewed on an annual basis. “With this initiative Stenden strives to make high quality, international education more accessible to Indonesian students. Our program, with its international scope and its strong focus on management throughout the curriculum, gives them the right foundation to start a successful national or international management career in the hospitality industry,” explains General Manager Maureen van der Meché. With all subjects being taught in English by lecturers of multi-cultural backgrounds, Stenden offers an international standard of education. “The lecturers here come from as diverse backgrounds as Indonesia, the Netherlands, England, Australia and South Africa. I also have classmates from different nationalities such as Italian, English, Finnish, Dutch, German, Russia and Swiss, which gives me a valuable opportunity to develop my communication skills and learn their cultures which I believe will be very useful if you want to have an international career in hospitality,” says Kadek Dwi Anggayani, a full scholarship recipient from Bali. Another full scholarship recipient

from Jakarta, Joshua Ega Yus Pratama futher adds, “Bali is also the centre of hospitality and tourism in Indonesia which makes studying at Stenden University Bali close to the industry. The campus is also often involved in social responsibility activities organised by hospitality organisations and arranges company visits to hotels, resorts, spas and visitors attractions, which allow students to have networking opportunities with the industry. “ Stenden University Bali is part of a global network with campus sites in The Netherlands, South Africa, Qatar and Thailand. This provides opportunities to do part of the programme at any of the other campus sites offering the identical curriculum of International Hospitality Management. With the global industrial networks, students can also do their internship abroad. Stenden University Bali has four intakes per year; February, April, September, November. This scholarship is applicable to students who want to enroll in September 2013. The application deadline for the scholarship program is on 21st June 2013. More information can be found at www. or on Facebook ( Students who are interested can also send an email to 3


A Language Education Mess Schools across the country are preparing for a By Nithin Coca huge shift; beginning this next term, English will no longer be a required subject in Government Schools across the country are preparing for a huge shift; primary schools. The outrage is, justifiably, large beginning this next term, English will no longer be a required and there are fears that this will hurt the ability of subject in Government primary schools. The outrage is, Indonesian students to succeed in a globalized justifiably, large and there are fears that this will hurt the ability world. of Indonesian students to succeed in a globalized world.


his debate reminded me of my original interest in Indonesia. On one hand, there were the environmental riches of the country, the biodiversity, but I was also drawn to the human side. This was the country with the second most languages in the world, with so many religions, ethnicities, and beliefs scattered across its countless islands. I imagined, naturally, that Jakarta was a cultural mixing pot, and wondered if I would be able to tell the difference between Javanese, Sundanese, Madurese if I heard it on the streets.

national language. It was language that drew most of the borders between countries in Europe. This was, of course, not an easy process, as Benedict Andersen’s seminal book, Imagined Communities, demonstrates. Even seemingly linguistically homogenous countries like France once had several competing dialects, and it took decades of education and coercion to invent the idea of a unified French nationhood. Even then, it didn’t succeed fully, as any proudly independent Basque speaker from the Pays Basque region will tell you.

The history intrigued me too, especially the unique idea to make the national language not the most-spoken tongue, Javanese, but an easy to learn dialect that, for centuries before colonialism, allowed kunlun sailors to trade goods throughout Southeast Asia.

Not surprisingly, this system was an illmatch for Indonesia, a huge, diverse country. What happened here was akin to uniting all of Europe as a single country and replacing all written languages and scripts with a simplified, easy to learn Esperanto. The scale – and the effects – were massive.

This was Riau Melayu (not related to the Sumatran province). It was an auspicious start. Unlike the similarly diverse Philippines, which made its national language the language of Manila (Tagalog) and created decades of discontent, or the many African countries that maintained colonial tongues, Indonesia chose a language that didn’t empower any particular people, nor the former overlords. In fact, at independence, few spoke the newly coined Bahasa Indonesia. It was, quite possibly, a third, more egalitarian way. And then nationalism took over. Separatist movements in Aceh, Bali, Papua, and Timor led to the assertion and creation of a strong national identity under both Presidents Sukarno and Suharto. Remember, the early leaders of Indonesia were European educated elites, who believed in very foreign concepts of Government and identity. The European nation-state was taught as being “natural” and “civilized” and at its base required there to be one, unifying, 4

Did you know that, a century ago, Sundanese, Javanese, Batak, and dozens of other Nusantara languages had their own unique, beautiful scripts based on those still used today in South India? In fact, they look much like modern Khmer, Burmese, and Thai. Today, those scripts as essentially extinct, all replaced by romanized Indonesian. To my dismay, I found that in Jakarta, nearly everyone uses only Bahasa Indonesia, and that my young Indonesian friends often didn’t know, or care about, their parents’ native tongues. Even those who do only use it at home, never on Facebook, Twitter, or other social mediums. As writing disappears, speech will soon follow. Part of the blame is on education, which from the earliest age, is entirely in Bahasa Indonesia. While cursory local studies, including language, exist (less than two hours per week), they never include writing or reading. On top of that, all media is only in Indonesian or, increasingly,

imported from abroad. This results is some sad facts, including one that stands out for me – Javanese is the most widely spoken language in the world without a daily newspaper, TV station, or radio outlet. Why does this matter? There are many reasons. For one thing, ignoring local languages may harm the ability to properly educate youth, as study after study shows that you need to be able to speak one language well in order to learn a second language – and that, without this foundation, brain development can be stunted. By not allowing education in rich native languages, Indonesia is not only hastening the loss of its vibrant culture, but its future generation’s ability to thrive as well. Perhaps this is why the country, despite massive economic development, still ranks only 56th out of 66th in reading ability globally. A possible solution may be taking shape in a fellow ASEAN country. Today, Vietnam is addressing the low-education attainment of its large minority populations by implementing mother-tongue education in some Hmong, Khmer and Jarai communities, and finding that this is dramatically improving test scores as compared to minority students forced to study in non-native Vietnamese. There are other benefits to maintaining cultural diversity besides education. As I’ve written about in previous articles, Indonesia is still experiencing massive deforestation, and loss of its unique biodiversity. Studies show that, around the world, the places

with high biodiversity also have high human diversity, and when one falls, so does the other. It makes sense – diverse knowledge systems embedded in culture create a strong, symbiotic relationship between humans and nature. Scripts, oral history, even verb tenses and idioms encode information. People and nature can build – and sustain – each other, as the Dayaks have in Central Kalimantan for centuries. It should be no surprise that, as forest cover disappears, Indonesia is also losing its languages. 12 have gone extinct since 1950 and 134 more are endangered according to UNESCO’s language atlas. My proposal follows the Vietnam example – mandatory mother tongue education in the early years, a reintroduction of old scripts into daily use, followed by Bahasa Nusantara (Indonesian sans nationalism and more integrated with Malay) and English education built on the foundation of Ambonese, Banjar, Tetum, or another of the 400+ Bahasa Daerah. Multi-ethnic cities like Jakarta can follow a Canadian model, in which language instruction is offered in many (including immigrant) languages when student population reaches a highenough level. The alternative – a country of people who speak colloquially, but can’t read or write, their mother tongues, use romanized Indonesian badly, and English not at all. In that scenario, the one we’re currently on, as the trees continue to fall, so will Indonesia’s cultural diversity, its two greatest assets slowly fading away.

Nithin Coca Nithin was born in San Diego, California to parents from South India, and has taken his international upbringing to the maximum, having lived and worked in the United States, France, Spain, Nepal, and currently Indonesia, where he hopes to play a role in protecting this country's amazing environmental and cultural heritage through education, policy and social activism. He can be reached at

Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013



Confessions of a Third Culture Kid By Grace Susetyo

“Where are you originally from?” is a question new people often ask me. The simple answer is “Indonesia,” but then comes the follow-up question, “Whereabouts in Indonesia?” whose answer I could write a book out of.


n short, both my parents have different ethnicities and origins, but I was neither born nor raised in their hometowns. Half of my ancestors migrated here from other parts of the world at different points in time. And wherever I lived, I’m always either an expat abroad, or a domestic migrant in Indonesia. Cultural identity has always been a complex issue for me. But that doesn’t mean I’m any less “Indonesian” than the next person. The so-called “Indonesian identity” is summed up in the country’s motto: Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (Sanskrit: many, yet one). If you make a cutout of Europe from the world map and place it over Indonesia, you would engulf a dozen countries between Sabang and Merauke.

Nusantara used to be hundreds of kingdoms with separate cultural identities and languages, before others chose to group us into one: the emperors of Sriwijaya and Majapahit, the European and Japanese imperialists, and the independence movement of the early 20th century, initiated by Indonesia’s founding fathers.

As a 1990s child, I felt that the education system of Suharto’s era was constantly brainwashing schoolchildren with the “IndONE-sian identity” and that my unique experiences and interpretations were often discredited. Yet the same schools were preparing me for the emerging “global era” where Indonesians are supposed to internationally compete in the free market of the new borderless world. Back then, I took almost everything Indonesian for granted and focused on trying to become this worldly global citizen. Perhaps it took my travels abroad as an adolescent to finally appreciate where I’m coming from. I learned that the grass isn’t always greener on the other side. And people actually do think my country and nation are beautiful, in ways I probably didn’t think of myself. They have genuine questions for me to answer, or at least to discover with them. I moved to Jakarta in 2007 and studied Performing Arts Communication at a local university which positions itself as having an “international” atmosphere (although the more they pretend to be London, the more I’m reminded that this could only be happening in Jakarta). There is nothing wrong with my campus’s branding, but I noticed a problem when our classes became more about copycatting trends from American and British pop culture rather than cultivating genuine artistry. So I started searching for authenticity in the local performing arts scene. I found that authenticity usually happens when artists are connected to their cultural roots and create something personal that others can’t. In my final year, I wrote a thesis on the cultural identity of Indonesian teenagers educated in a Western setting. The international school next to my thenoffice claimed to equip its students to become future “servant leaders” who are sensitive to the social realities of their home countries, but also capable of excelling in future top careers anywhere in the world. I observed the middle school’s music class and requested to interview three students who are Indonesian citizens, have two Indonesian parents, and speak Indonesian at home. (Continued on page 8)


Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013


(Continued from page 6) The first, a seventh grader, spoke fluent Indonesian. Her eyes danced when we discussed her interest in traditional Indonesian music. However, she admitted that finding teachers who could teach her the historical context of Indonesian instruments was difficult, so now she’s focusing her studies more on Western classical music. Later, she struggled with her Indonesian and broke into English when we addressed more complex ideas. She expressed her resentment of the school’s “English immersion policy” that repressed her right to express herself in Indonesian. The second was an eighth grader. I thought I interviewed her in Indonesian. So I italicised English in the transcript and ended up with 80% italics! And the 20% non-italics were grammatically atrocious. She thought that Indonesian is unsuitable for academic instruction or the expression of fine, advanced ideas (I disagree) because the only “normal Indonesian” she’s exposed to is street-level Jakarta slang. And she thought that cultural preservation means watching a traditional dance on a holiday in Bali and telling her friends about it. The third, a musically gifted ninth grader, greeted me with a “Can we do this in English? My Indonesian is not so good.” I wanted to laugh, but apparently it wasn’t a joke. She shocked me by proclaiming herself as an “American-based Indonesian” after spending her previous eight years being homeschooled with US curriculum. The only people she speaks Indonesian to are her pembantu and supir. She did, however, express regret for not being more knowledgeable of her country’s history, culture, and language; and hoped to make up for it by reading books and travelling. I’ve had experiences similar to that of each girl at different points in my life (except that my Indonesian is currently more fluent than

English). And I probably will never be the Indonesian expert I wish to be. But I try to learn something new about my country every day, appreciate it with fresh eyes, and live to tell its story. I hope the girls interviewed will also grow in their love for Indonesia in their own journeys of self-discovery. I could discuss more findings from my 180-page thesis, but conclude that no two “Indonesian identities” are identical. Rather, identifying as “Indonesian” is the choice to call this country home and do one’s best to do good things for this nation, whatever that may mean. But surely that goes for other nationalities as well. And if you’ve been immersed in a culture other than your own, whether as an expat abroad or in an international setting at home, the experience often makes you re-evaluate your values and how you view your national identity. Jamaican politician Marcus Garvey said, “A people without knowledge of their past history, origin, and culture, is like a tree without roots.” Being a Third-Culture Kid who struggles daily with multiple identities and questions like “Where do I belong?” I believe what really matters is not forgetting where you come from. It defines who you are and what you do no matter where you go. It gives your present meaning and lends you the courage to face wherever your future will take you.  Grace’s BA Hons thesis Persepsi Xenosentrisme dan Identitas Budaya Pada Siswa Musik Remaja Indonesia Berpendidikan Barat (English: Perceptions of Xenocentrism and Cultural Identity in Western-Educated Teenage Indonesian Music Students) was originally published in Indonesian by STIKOM The London School of Public Relations – Jakarta in November 2011, and supervised by sociologist Alex Sobur, M.Si. The full Indonesian PDF version of the thesis, and a chapter-only English translation, are accessible on

Grace susetyo Grace is a freelance writer, former TV journalist, and aspiring documentarist with a passion for Indonesian history and culture. Now in her 6th year in Jakarta, Grace has lived in various countries and looks forward to exploring more places. Contact her at


Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013


Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013


Faces Of Jakarta

Pak Trisno

the Ojek driver & devoted father Words and photos by Hush Petersen


o one loves Jakarta’s traffic as much as Trisno. It’s his bread and butter. His clients leave the office at the end of the day, their briefcases swinging in the breeze, take one look at the gridlock and wave him over. As an ojek driver he has everything you need to run a successful business: supply, the 20-some-odd million people who commute to and from Jakarta every day; and demand, people who would rather pay a little extra to get home in 40 minutes, instead of hail a taxi and sit in traffic for two hours. Who says you need to go to business school? Trisno never finished high school, let alone got his MBA, so he is determined to do whatever it takes to make sure his daughter does. Trisno left his village in east Java more than two decades ago to try his hand in the big city, landing a job at the port in Tanjung Priok not long after he arrived in the Big Durian. Every day he would process the necessary papers to get ships in and out of the port, but around nine years ago, as things progressed and everything started being done on computers, Trisno became obsolete. Without a high school degree he had nowhere to turn to.  Without really thinking about it he became an ojek driver. He had a wife and kid at home. He didn’t have time to explore the job market. His wife needed money so she could cook dinner for the family and his daughter needed money to pay for school and a new uniform.  He jumped on a bike and never looked back.  But here’s where Trisno’s story gets interesting. He’s addicted to working. He doesn’t sit in the shade and smoke cigarettes all day. He’s up at dawn seven days a week and if he’s not zigging and zagging through traffic getting passengers home to their wives and kids, or making sure guys in ties don’t miss big meetings, he’s trading and selling in motorcycle spare parts.  “My daughter is not going to miss out on an education,” says Trisno. “I do what I have to do to find money to put her through school. That is my responsibility as a father. She’s in 11th grade now, just one more year and she’ll be in university.” That’s right, university. Gun to his head, Trisno has no idea how he will pay for it, but his determination knows no bounds. He’ll figure it out. Right now he pays roughly Rp.300,000 a month for his daughter to go to school. When she heads off to college that number will likely quadruple. But whether he has to sell a million new brake pads to his fellow ojek drivers, or he has to scoop up customers day and night to make it happen, Trisno could care less. He plays by his own rules. He could spend the days playing chess and pulling up his shirt to rub his belly, but he’d rather be out racing around town, scooping up clients and cash. All the while knowing that some nights he may not get home until after his daughter has fallen asleep. She’ll never have to worry like he did in high school, if there will be enough money for her to graduate. The next morning he’ll be gone by the time she’s had breakfast, but he’s OK with that. It’s what he has to do to ensure his daughter gets the education he never did. 

If you would like to help Pak Trisno, please get in touch by emailing

Hush Petersen Hush Petersen is currently on sabatical from the hero's journey. He loves sipping Budweisers, doing the crossword and judging people outside Ranch Market in Mega Kuningan. You should join him sometime.


Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013


Alternative Learning

There was a time when the circus was a travelling show with performers, freak shows, and a herd of animals as good old family entertainment. In the early 20th century, though, television and cinema stole the audience and so the performers found other places of employment and the activists returned the monkeys, bears and lions back to their natural habitats. The circus had all but disappeared.


ut, for reasons too complicated to explain in the next 700-or-so words, circus has reinvented itself and has re-emerged as what people are now calling contemporary circus. It’s a broad term that encapsulates everything from traditional circus skills such as clown, object manipulation ( juggling, among many other things) and acrobatics (trampoline and trapeze) as well as a range of performance arts. In the 21st century, you’re more likely to see these types of performers on the street, at a festival or in a theatre than you are in a big top circus tent. The elite in this new world of circus are groups such as Cirque du Soleil, an international entertainment company that is built upon all the elements of contemporary circus and recruits the best of the best in circus skills and acrobatics to perform in their grandiose shows. Slowly but surely, as circus reintroduces itself to the world, that element of elusiveness that circus has for so long possessed is evaporating. It is still far from being mainstream, but it is gaining popularity as a hobby and, in some cases, a good work-out and the simple fun of learning a few circus skills has drawn people of all sorts out to join (not runaway with) the circus.


According to Jay Che, principal instructor at Circus in Motion in Singapore, those who are new to circus would usually begin with developing their coordination skills by learning to juggle, spin plates and spin a spool on a piece of string (a prop commonly known as the diabolo or the Chinese yoyo). For balance, or “your equilibristic skills,” as Jay refers to it, you could expect to begin with a bit of stilt walking and the rolla bolla (a balance board) before maybe having a go at the walking globe (literally, walking on top of a big ball). Intermediate circus students would begin working on more complicated juggling and diabolo tricks and learning how to juggle flower sticks (also known as devil sticks) and might even try their hand at twirling fire poi or fire staff. Circus is physical and fun, but there are other benefits to circus that are much less obvious. Circus teaches self-esteem, self-discipline, creativity, teamwork and social skills, and it is multidisciplinary, meaning anyone can find something they can do within the freewheeling world of circus. There are no limits to who can benefit from circus arts and social circus. For all of these reasons, circus is widely used as a tool by community workers to help them engage with marginalised and at-risk youth and communities. Social circus, as it known, is a growing movement that is already being used across America, Australia,

Europe, and here in Southeast Asia. Jay Che uses circus to engage with youth in Singapore. Having studied social work at the National University of Singapore and after receiving training in social circus under Cirque du Monde, the international social circus network of Cirque du Soleil, Jay says he is convinced of the benefits associated with circus. “I was inspired by the stories of fellow instructors from Asia Pacific and was convinced that social circus was a better tool than conventional counselling.” In 2012, six years after it was founded, Circus in Motion was recognised as a “social enterprise” and is now a member of the Singapore Social Enterprise Association. “In the school settings, we are working with the lowest 15 percent of the academic cohort. They often do not turn up for school. With the circus programme in place, the school has reported a higher attendance rate on circus workshop day. Teachers have also viewed non-academically inclined students differently, more positively, for doing circus at school.” Jay sees circus as a way of teaching perseverance, helping students gain self esteem, discipline and teamwork. Andrea Ousley, a circus trainer under Cirque du Soleil who has spent the past six months in Jakarta working with the staff and children at the Jakarta-based social circus the Red Nose Foundation, says a sense of community, too, is one of circus’ best attributes.

possess that same idea about circus, that marginalized people or those who don’t fit in run away to join the circus. That still sits in the back of people’s minds.” And that’s why it works, Andrea argues, regardless of someone’s experience, physical ability, age, culture, language, and socioeconomic status. “The circus is a place where people can fit in… People crave being a part of a community, and circus is wonderful because it gives you that sense of community.” That fact is certainly not lost on Dan Roberts, the founder of the Red Nose Foundation. For six years Dan has been using social circus to engage with children living in two impoverished villages – Cilincing in North Jakarta and BintaroLama in South Jakarta. Five days a week, the foundation’s staff are working between the two villages, teaching circus to almost 200 children and running other arts and education classes. Dan, who studied theatre and worked in social circus in Chicago before jumping on a plane to Indonesia to set up the foundation, also teaches private circus classes at two of Jakarta’s private international schools. “Circus transcends cultural boundaries. It’s fun and it’s hard. There are steps that you have to follow if you’re going to succeed, no matter your race, religion, or culture. No one learns to juggle three balls without juggling one ball first,” says Dan. “Circus is an almighty equaliser. It brings everyone to the same level.” 

“It’s amazing how many cultures still Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

Life Coaching

Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013



Educating the Past By Antony Sutton

Indonesia’s historical baggage over the last century and a half means that as we tip headlong into this new fangled thing people call globalization, Indonesia’s educational infrastructure is struggling to catch up to the 1970s. Forget concepts like the Internet, creative thinking and meritocracy, many students are still being sat in lines to learn rote while the teacher, the epicentre of the learning experience, drones on and on, listing facts, dates and formulae to be remembered and regurgitated on demand.


hile students in other countries are being taught to be comfortable in several different languages before first break, thinking here is dictated by old notions of master and servant. Witness the recent expulsion of five students from a school in Sulawesi for having the temerity to have some fun and post it online. The government strives for its noble intention of spending 20% of its budget on education, however it is worth bearing in mind the notion of learning for all remains in its infancy. At the end of the 19th century, education was considered good enough only for the sons and daughters of the Dutch colonial masters and their Eurasian offspring. While there was a move for the indigenous elite to be educated to take over from the Dutch one day, the people out in the kampungs were studiously ignored.

In Surabaya for example, attempts were made at educating the populace with the opening of Mattschappij tot Nut van het Algmeen (which translates as Society for General Welfare), in 1853. This was a primary school with the aim of teaching Javanese kids a few basics but it closed down just seven years later. Round about the same time a few places in the elite Dutch language schools were opened up to the offspring of the local elite, while in 1867 the government sought to develop local language schools at primary level though the students only received three years of learning before being thrown into the world. There seemed little desire to continue education. At the time there was a grand total of two secondary schools (Hoogere Burgerschool) on the islands, the Surabaya one opened in 1875 and by the turn of the century boasted a mere one local student. The teaching there was most definitely centred upon the system in the Netherlands. Despite the ‘expansion’ of the 1870s, by 1896 Surabaya boasted a grand total of 12 primary schools, eight of which were government run, with attendance extended to five years, while two were Catholic. For the vast majority of the population any learning came in the traditional pesentran where respected kyai taught students how to read the Koran. As Europe was preparing for the First World War, the Dutch East Indies government was introducing segregated schools offering seven years of education with the final year in Dutch. The Hollandsch Inlandsche (HIS) and the Hollandsch Chineesche schools hoped to attract the wealthy Indonesian elite who tended to look down on local schools then, pretty much in the same way as they do today. For them, Dutch language proficiency was key.  Hogere Burger School Surabaya  Hollandsch Inlandsche School in 1936, Blitar, East Java

161121_prasasti-yang-menunjukkan-jejak-sekolahpresiden-soekarno-di-surabaya_663_382.jpg 14

In the years following the First World War, more and more children were going to school. In 1918 for example, just 407 students attended the two HIS; by 1929 there were 1,857 going to nine different schools. While the numbers of Europeans at school continued to rise and they remained by far the largest single percentage, the local population were beginning to take full advantage of the opportunities

available to them. 19 new schools were added in Surabaya over that 11 year period with 15 of them aimed at the local communities. The numbers looked spectacular, but they were coming off a low base. By 1930 it was estimated that only 14% of local children were in school, compared to 97% of the Dutch. There was still a lot of work to be done, but the financial crisis that gripped the world was felt in the Indies and the government reacted by cutting back on expenditure. In the case of education it meant concentration on Dutch schools and pulling back from the others, leaving a vacuum. Into that space came organizations like Taman Siswa and Muhammadiya. Taman Siswa was founded by Ki Haja Dewantara in 1922 in Yogyakarta. A devout nationalist, he strongly believed in education as a way of empowering local youth while keeping them close to their Javanese roots and was influenced by Maria Montessori and Rabindranath Tragore. As Howard Dick explains in his Surabaya, City of Work, “Just as Indonesian doctors had brought modern medicine to kampong families, nationalist organizations also brought modern education to kampong children… As youths many of these children would become prominent in 1945 in the fight for independence. The educated elite who led the movement for independence thereby helped sow the seeds of popular revolt”. Post war Indonesia was a mess as it came to terms with a Japanese conquest, a departing colonial master and the problems of establishing a new state. The colonial government’s retreat from education before the war meant a shortage of schools while investment in teacher trainers also suffered. In the heady days of Merdeka it was no longer ‘cool’ to study in Dutch while the best teachers, schooled as they were in the Dutch method, lacked the skills and empathy to teach in Indonesian. Dick says, “The national government was too remote, too preoccupied with national and international politics and lacked cash to do what was needed.” It wasn’t until the late 1960s and early 1970s that the central government, finally showing signs of stability after decades of chaos, was able to devote serious time and resources to education thanks to the influx of petrodollars. Schools started to be built again and the numbers of children attending primary school shot up while the government, unconsciously aping its colonial predecessor, seemed to adopt a hands-off policy to secondary school, allowing the private sector to take the lead with more than 70% of high school students opting for a private education. Indonesia however, is still paying for that lost generation. Blighted by occupation and the birthing pangs of nationhood education has failed to keep pace with a growing population and a booming economy. A system that was painfully inadequate before World War II creaked and crumbled through 30 years of chaos and neglect. By the time investment did return and would start to have an impact, a whole generation went through an education that was painfully inadequate and that alumni, influenced by the events that surrounded their school days, are the ones now struggling to adapt to a time that is so vastly different to the one they grew up in.

Antony Sutton Antony is a freelance writer based in Jakarta. Please send comments and suggestions to

Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013


Meet the Expat

Meet Jacob Vredenbregt

The humanitarian, educator, and art collector from the Netherlands. By Rolf Tjalsma

Somewhere hidden in Ciputat is a walled estate. Inside the estate is a set of unique buildings surrounded by orchards and ponds. It is a hidden jungle in the metropolis, given back to Mother Nature. “I bought this land, gave it water and plants and let nature have its way with it,” says Jacob Vredenbregt.


hortly after the Second World War in Europe had ended, Jacob applied for voluntary service and was eventually sent to Indonesia to fight for the Netherlands in its attempt to reinstate the country as a colony after Japan had annexed it in 1942 and left it after the war. A long journey in a crowded boat followed and the first land he set foot on was Tanjung Priok, North Jakarta. They stayed there for two days

was already convinced of going back to Indonesia, emotionally touched by the way he was treated. So when he was asked to interrupt his law study at the University of Utrecht and return to Indonesia to provide jurisprudence for an agricultural conglomerate, it was not a difficult matter. The new government of the Republic of Indonesia had laws and regulations written in Bahasa Indonesia and they could not find anyone in Indonesia who could read and apply these accordingly. He soon became a protector of the working class, because most of them were not familiar with the new collective labour agreement and thus easily manipulated. “The communists of the time had no intentions to better the work conditions of labourers,” says Jacob, “they were out to destroy the companies and reinstate them according to true Marxism.”

Ong Hok Ham, historian and writer, and Jacob Vredenbregt, anthropologist, art collector and writer. Jakarta, Indonesia, May 1st 1994. • Foto/Photo: Ewald Vanvugt.

and moved on to their final destination, Surabaya. Not long after arriving in Indonesia he was shot and captured as a prisoner of war. Peculiarly, this is the time in which he fell in love with the culture and its people. Regardless of his status as a prisoner, he had considerable freedom at certain times, which allowed him to converse with locals and learn the language. After being released and upon his return to the Netherlands, he


Due to his knowledge of the law, his drive for justice, and literary experience with Karl Marx, the labourers finally got the salary they deserved. “Of course, in the end I was the one who lost. They didn’t renew my visa and I had to return to the Netherlands,” utters a mournful Jacob. Meanwhile, he had managed some amazing achievements. Jacob firmly believed in education for everyone and made it compulsory for all the children of the employees within the companies he worked for to attend school. Buildings were erected to provide classrooms

and teachers were drawn. Thanks to Jacob thousands of children were educated, an incredibly valuable asset to the local communities. His second love had sprouted in this second stay in Indonesia. During his subsequent visits to towns and villages he came across various special works of art and not only started collecting these, he also made an effort in knowing what they were and why they were special. It could have been a stroke of luck or wisdom, but he managed to buy items which increased in value dramatically over the years, making it easier to expand the collection with a wide variety of special and valuable items. Back in the Netherlands, he decided not to finish his previous law study and enrolled in cultural anthropology at Leiden University. “I had enough of law and was far more interested in the immensely diverse culture in Indonesia. This made it much more logical for me to study anthropology and non-Western sociology and I chose Southeast Asia as a broader area, with Indonesia in particular.” After five years of dedicated studying, Jacob had to write a thesis and his choice fell on a tiny ethnic group on the island of Bawean, off the coast of Java. Finally he was able to return to his great love; Indonesia. Due to the political unrest in 1965/66 Jacob was forced to return to the Netherlands, yet again against his own will. He

still had to finish his thesis and was allowed to defend his findings in the summer of ’68. After becoming Dr. Jacob Vredenbregt he left Europe again, but this time it would finally be for good. Jacob had a fruitful career as a teacher at multiple universities in Indonesia. He taught in English and Bahasa Indonesia, wrote a dozen literary novels and scientific books, stayed in Vietnam and Cambodia for a while and finally decided to settle down in Ciputat, Jakarta. He bought an empty plot, designed a spacious house and surrounding garden and still lives there to this day. Nowadays his art collection is jaw-dropping, featuring paintings, statuettes, figurines, instruments and ornaments. Whenever he was travelling through Southeast Asia there would always be spare time to look for art. He bought whatever he liked, making his collection incredibly diverse, unique, and worthwhile to look at. The most amazing thing is that every object has its own story, and Jacob remembers them all. At the respectful age of 87 he still comes across as witty and vivid. “The government is planning to place a new road right through my land and they’re buying me out. I’ll have to move soon, but I don’t have a new place yet,” Jacob says. When asked if he is sad to move from his old house in Ciputat he says, “No, of course not. I see it as my next adventure. I enjoy every day while I’m still young.” Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013


Featured Tech & Apps Personal

Use your Mum’s smartphone to do your Homework Half of IHF’s mission is to educate the poor and the other half is to educate the world about the poor. Their vision is to strive for a world of leaders and citizens who have interacted with, and are truly knowledgeable about the world’s poor. IHF believe in a “pass it on” philosophy where education is free and available for all who seek it. IHF is a non-religious, non-political, non-profit organization that strongly believes in an equal opportunity for all and in preserving the cultures, traditions and beliefs of the marginalized communities it works in. Visit this website and learn how you can “pass it on”.

By Juan Leysner

Ban hand phones It was only a few years ago that cell phones were being banished from classrooms. As far as schools were concerned, these devices’ reputation as tools for student distraction, mischief, and even harassment easily outweighed any possible benefits in the learning process. Banning them was—and still is—the easy call to make, but as cell phones have become more sophisticated, powerful, and even more entrenched in students’ daily lives, a growing number of schools have decided to open the door to what are, essentially, mobile computers. If more than 300,000 mobile applications—or apps—are available from the Apple App Store alone, with hundreds of those focused on education and hundreds more on educational gaming, how many are useful for the student? Perhaps not as many as you might think. I personally wonder if Apps like Google docs, Homework planner, Study-tracker, and Evernote will help you with your

homework and/or school performance but perhaps I am just old school. For sure calculators and language translation programs, both available on smartphones, have made life easier and is one of the main reasons for wanting a smartphone in the first place. There are Educational Apps out there that are worth taking a look at because they just might make your life easier, and if you do not have a smart phones take your mum’s.

Bring the solving power of to your Android device, no network access required! With this app, you will get free instant answers to your math problems, or upgrade to a premium membership to also receive step-by-step work and explanations.

Genius scan.


For parents only

Voice recognition


With tens of millions of problems already solved, Mathway is the #1 problem solving resource available for students, parents, and teachers. Math subjects covered include Basic Math, Pre-Algebra, Algebra, Trigonometry, Precalculus, Calculus, and Statistics.

World Education Expo Indonesia 2013 aims to provide an educational platform for prospective students of overseas universities, colleges and academic institutions to further obtain help in planning and making informed decisions prior to furthering their studies at those institutions. Representatives from respective academic institutions will share with the students the do’s and don’ts of overseas Universities applications. World Education Expo Indonesia guarantees a minimum audience of 10,000 students from over 100 national high schools in Jakarta, as they cooperate with high schools and provide scheduled bus pick-ups for free. They expect around 20,000 students to come as they utilize an extensive promotional campaign.

Enter Genius Scan . With this app you can quickly snap a shot of any document without really thinking about how properly aligned it is on your screen.Genius Scan will automatically detect the edges of the document and allow you to quickly skew the perspective so that you get a perfect shot every time.

You know that your iPhone has a ≠camera on it, so it’s no surprise that it can take a photo of a document right? The problem with this, though, is that a handheld camera is a far cry from a flatbed scanner. Holding your phone perfectly level isn’t easy, even if you can pull it off, it’s still a hassle.

Dragon Dictation is an easy-to-use voice recognition application powered by Dragon® NaturallySpeaking® that allows you to easily speak and instantly see your text. In fact, it’s up to five times faster than typing on the keyboard. With Dragon Dictation you can also dictate status updates directly to your Social Networking applications (Facebook and Twitter) or send notes and reminders to yourself, all using your voice. Moreover, Dragon voice recognition is also the engine behind an application from the company Nuance called V2T (Voice to text). So when you’re on-the-go, stop typing and start speaking. The Nuance apps (available for iPhone and Android) will transfer your speech into an SMS. In many countries this concept has been proven to be successful. The company PT Inland Telematika International is in process to bring this V2T technology to Indonesia. Dragon Dictation supports a multitude of global languages including Bahasa Indonesia. For a full list of currently supported languages visit

Before my kids start doing their homework I have to take away their Blackberries, otherwise they will be on BB messenger all the time. Now they have started telling me that they need their Blackberry to do their homework. Before you start a war with your kids, just download, on their BB, the program Freedom for $2.99, which you can turn on to block them from using the phone or the Internet. They won’t be able to unlock it until they reboot their phone, which could be what your child needs to focus on their schoolwork and not their phone. For people who do not have a BB, let me explain that rebooting takes a long time.

Solitaire Chess

Can you leave just one man standing? Simple to learn, impossible to master, addictively fun - Solitaire Chess by ThinkFun is a new logic puzzle based on the rules of Chess. For chess newbies and experts alike, Solitaire Chess can be played quickly as every move must be a capture. Early challenges may seem easy, but soon you’ll find yourself in deeper waters, pushing your mind and thinking hard about your moves to try and solve each puzzle. iPhone $2.99 and Android free. And on that note I would like to say be smart.

Juan G. Leysner Juan G. Leysner has lived and worked in Jakarta for over 10 years and is the founder of 2,

Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013


Note from the Director –

Michael Donovan It has been an incredibly busy year for Jakarta Players. The season began with a production of Reginald Rose’s Twelve Angry Men, the famous jury-room drama. Before Christmas there was a one-act show, Beggars Belief, which explored the themes of faith and belief. This was followed by the customary spring musical, John Michael Tebelak’s world-renowned Godspell. And this summer we present our version of J.B. Priestley’s dramatic work, An Inspector Calls; the third JP production in recent years to feature the word ‘Inspector’ in the title. A wealthy family, the Birlings, sit down to celebrate the engagement of their daughter to a rich young man in the town. The general mood is jovial. Suddenly, a mysterious police inspector arrives with shocking news. A working class girl has died at the local Infirmary. Suicide, of course, but there’s more... What is the involvement of the Birlings in this unfortunate woman’s life? Could she have been saved? Who is really culpable for her death? The play, An Inspector Calls was first performed in 1945 as the world’s most bloody war of all time was coming to an end. A recovering world was desperate to know, how could this have been allowed to happen? And more importantly how could it be stopped from happening again. J.B. Priestley, who hailed from the North of England, blamed the wealthy for the major mistakes and poor political decisions of recent history. Those in positions of privilege, for example company owners, idle rich, Government itself, had to take responsibility for the less well-off: a message that no doubt resonated with the wounded veterans returning from combat. The Labour Government of 1945 – 1951 that set up the National Health Service (NHS) and began paying unemployment and disability benefits is seen by many as the finest British government of the twentieth century. And is the world a better place now? Well, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) estimate there were almost a billion under or malnourished people in the world in 2010. Thousands die around the world each day as a result of poverty-related causes. There are currently ten ‘official’ wars/conflicts taking place in the world today that result in over 1,000 casualties a year. What is to be our response? Priestley set his story in 1912, in the week before the Titanic sets sail, Halcyon days when the position of the privileged largely went unchallenged. A hundred or so years later, some would argue much has changed; some would say the opposite. We have better ‘things’ now. Technology has transformed our lives but have our hearts been transformed? As I reflected on these various issues while working with the actors, I originally thought the Birlings were bad people, ignorant of the world around them. But directing is an evolutionary process. I began to wonder if the Birlings were that much different to you or I. And if the Birlings need to change, do you and I need to change also?

An Inspector Calls

• May 31 – 7.30pm | • June 1 – 3.00pm and 7.30pm | • June 2 – 3.00pm Ticket price: Rp.150,000 Students: Rp.100,000 | Tickets available at:

Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013


Light Entertainment

Education - for Adults Only Warning:The following article contains mature subject matter. Reader discretion is advised. By Eamonn Sadler


ack at the dawn of human evolution men were simple hunter-gatherers. There was nobody to teach the Cavemen how to hunt and gather, so they learned how to do these things themselves by a healthy and enjoyable system of trial and error. Young men ran about in the fresh air giggling and chucking rocks at tasty-looking animals until they eventually got hungry enough to think of better ways. Of course Cavedads eventually gave Cavekids the benefit of their experience and taught them how to bring down a Tyrannosaurus Rex without becoming snacks themselves, but that was more about saving time and effort than anything else. Cavedad could then sit under a tree and get wasted on fermented fruit while young Ugh happily went out and bagged dinner. And that’s where the problem started. With the rise of agriculture, the Ugh Junior of ten thousand years ago became the natural labourer, working for Ugh Senior. Frolicking about in the bushes trying to kill dinner became a thing of the past and long hours at the plough became the norm. Hunting and gathering required knowledge and skill, but not a great deal of hard work. Long hours at the plough required a great deal of hard work and not a lot of knowledge and skill.

This was perfect, quickly-taught work for Ugh Junior while dad sat under a tree and got wasted on the beer he just invented. This new-fangled agriculture also meant that the clever man built permanent dwellings in which to live while his offspring – and those of other less clever people - tended his crops. This meant that for the first time the cleverer man could accumulate property and therefore wealth rather than chasing food around the countryside with nothing more than the spear in his hand and the cloth on his loins. Obviously some accumulated more wealth than others and over millennia the majority “have-nots” became increasingly dependent on the minority “haves”, giving the “haves” a great deal of power and forcing the vast majority of people into a life of servitude and obedience. Fast forward to the industrial revolution, and guess who had the financial means and resources to take full advantage of the new technologies? The same people who made their fortunes in the agricultural industry of course. So now armies of adults and children with no other choice went to work for pitiful pay in the squalor of the factories (this remains the very sad case in many developing countries to this day – Indonesia is one of them). This type of work required some reading and writing skills and a minimum of mathematical ability, so these things were taught as part of the training. But as industrial processes became more automated, fewer children were needed and, now that hunting and gathering was dead, the idea spread that childhood should be a time for learning about the world from the increasing number of knowledgeable scholars (most of them religious). Schools sprang up (mostly run by the church) and geography, science and (versions of) history, etc., joined the curriculum, all made possible by the ability to read and write. Learning, knowledge

and qualifications became the requirement for a better job and a better life, and that’s how it stayed until very recently. Today, in the age of modern technology, do our children really need to know about geography, science or history etc? Or do they just need the ability to read and write and the ability to process information, draw conclusions and make decisions? Because if they have all those things and an internet connection (which they now have in their pockets), they can know everything they need to know as and when they need to know it, and they no longer need to store massive amounts of information in their brains and regurgitate it during examinations. Surely all the information we need is now readily available in “the cloud” and we just need to know how to access and process it. So are we wasting our money on schools and clogging up our kids’ brains with unnecessary information when all we should be doing is teaching our kids how to read and write and Google? After that they could learn the specific skills required for their chosen careers. We could have fully qualified 15 year old architects, doctors and lawyers who just Google the answers for the pub quiz and get off their parents’ pay roll much sooner. It would also be the death of the TV quiz show which is surely reason enough. All I can tell you is I knew nothing about the history of education until two hours ago. Don’t let your kids read this!.  To read more by Eamonn Sadler, go to To find out more about live stand-up comedy in Indonesia please e-mail text or call 0821 1194 3084 or register at

Thanks to all for the entries for the last issue. There were hundreds of correct answers but the lucky winners are: Henry P. from Kemang SEND YOUR ENTRY BY TEXT TO:

Last Edition's answer: Steven Spielberg and Tom Cruise in Minority Report

0821 1194 3084

Can you name these famous actors and say which film they were making when this picture was taken?

⨳ for the macet mind ⨳ Across

1 (Inventor of) road surface (7) 8 Simple wind instrument (7) 9 Vagrant - fishing boat (7) 10 Question challenging virility (3,3,1,3,2,1,5) 11 See 10 13 Tell incorrectly (9) 15 Flexible body armour (9) 18 Norwegian playwright (5) 21 Two-wheeler (7) 22 Word with opposite meaning (7)

23 Suffer disadvantage (4,3) 24 For a win or a place (4,3) down

1 Computer link (5) 2 Terrier - heap of stones (5) 3 Firm resolve (13) 4 Quagmire (6) 5 Caring but condescending (13) 6 Japanese garment (6) 7 Muslim greeting (6) 12 Part of bridge (4)

14 Part (4) 15 Stronghold (6) 16 See 10 17 Charge with carbon dioxide (6) 19 Tendon (5) 20 I don't want it near where I live (5)

*answers in the next edition!

*Answers for Edition 93 Across: 1. Apiarist 5. Acid 9. Cream 10. Epicure 11. Ball bearings 13. Outing 14. Oppugn 17. Under protest 20. Bemused

21. Brace 22. Airy 23. Repeater Down: 1. Arch 2. Inexact 3. Rambling rose 4. Skewer 6. Churn 7. Dressing 8. Disreputable 12. Columbia 15. Upstart

16. Bridge 18. Demur 19. Fear

This Edition’s Quiz: the EDUCATION quiz Scan the barcode and answer the 10 questions correctly for a chance to win: A Hotel Quickly voucher worth USD 35. Download HotelQuickly now iPhone: Android:


Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013


Education Degeneration By Terry Collins

“The philosophy of the school room in one generation will be the philosophy of government in the next.” - Abraham Lincoln


n National Education Day, May 2nd, Minister of Education and Culture, Mohammad Nuh, said: “The national exam plays only a little part in the country’s education system. The most important thing is to ensure that all children receive education services.” Since 2008, spending on education has been set at 20 percent of the total budget thanks to a constitutional amendment. The 2013 state budget for education shows an increase of 6.7 percent to Rp.331.8 trillion ($34.9 billion) from the Rp.310.8 trillion allocated in 2012, and is above the mandated 20 percent of anticipated government state revenues (Rp.1,508 trillion) As reported in the Jakarta Globe, President Yudhoyono said that the budget would be used to continue the School Operational Aid (BOS) program for elementary and junior high school students, build 216 new schools while renovating hundreds of old ones, as well as to support the Scholarship for the Poor, which is aimed at 14.3 million indigent students across the country. “We will also launch the Universal Secondary Education program (PMU) through school operational aids for 9.6 million high school students. We must make the most of the growing education budget to improve the quality of education and expand the outreach of it.” However, only Rp.66 trillion, just under 20 percent of the total, is allocated to the Education and Culture Ministry, with most of the money set to go directly to other districts through programmes such as BOS and PMU. It is clear from World Bank stats published last year, but only given up to 2010, that in some areas improvements have been made. For example, the primary school (SD) pupil-teacher ratio (the number of pupils per teacher) was down to 15.97 from 20.41 when President SBY was first elected, while the secondary schools’ (SMP and SMA) pupil-teacher ratio was reduced to 12.18 from 14.2. However, these figures are distorted because remoter areas of Indonesia, which commonly lack electricity, running water and/or telephone coverage, suffer from a shortage of teachers. The figures

Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

also do not take into account teacher absenteeism of around 20 percent because many in the public school system have to take second or even third jobs to supplement their meagre incomes. What the teachers provide is determined by the national curriculum set by each incoming Minister of Education. The country is about to have yet another imposed on students and teachers, its third in just ten years. The nett result, as shown by The Learning Curve, an “analysis of school systems’ performance in a global context” from the Economist Intelligence Unit, is that Indonesia is at the very bottom of 40 ranked countries, including Hong Kong. Key benchmarks were, among others, knowledge comprehension, teaching standards and the graduation rate. Since the last survey in 2006, the cognitive skills in Maths and Science have regressed. A main stated reason for the new curriculum is to reduce the number of subjects that students are taught; some senior high school students are currently expected to study as many as seventeen (yes - 17) subjects in one year. Minister Mohammad Nuh argued that an emphasis on an integrative thematic method was “suitable to promote students’ cohesive thinking and to boost their entrepreneurial skills.”

Where it is lacking, I suggest, is within the corridors of power. Writing in the Jakarta Post, Donny Syofyan opines: “While the country’s formal schooling system remains centralized, rigid and resistant to innovation from the public, various movements and alternative educational innovations currently springing from the grass roots should be appreciated as representing civic resistance and disappointment.” Of course, a major reason for disappointment has been the recent cock-up of the distribution of the question papers and answer sheets for the Ujian Nasional, the national exams, which, in spite of an inflated budget, arrived days late for senior high school students in eleven provinces. Calls have been made for the Minister to resign, yet few have offered an analysis of the exams themselves. Teachers detest having to teach to them, partly because they are reflections of the narrow mindsets of the bureaucrats who write them - and fail to check them. This is but one example taken from one of the up to twenty versions - to prevent cheating it is said - of the recent junior high school English exam.

I now call the UN the UM - the Ujian Monyet. Apasi, apasi? Scratches head, grunts - A-B-C-D? Ah, ini! On May 1st, former vice president Jusuf Kalla defended the National Examination (UN) as the enhancement of education in Indonesia. He said it took 10 years for a perceived policy impact. Need we wait that long?

If “cohesive thinking” means an understanding of inter-connectedness and the nature of consequences, then one can but agree. However, this understanding can only be achieved through the exploration and development of personal interests and talents and a curriculum which encourages creativity and understanding within a communal, pluralistic context. Howard Gardner, who developed the theory of Multiple Intelligences, argues that “students will be better served by a broader vision of education, wherein teachers use different methodologies, exercises and activities to reach all students, not just those who excel at linguistic and logical intelligence.” As for “entrepreneurial skills”, having recently witnessed the activities at Sumur Batu, Bekasi’s landfill for its rubbish, it was obvious that the vast army of workers there have those skills, albeit without having received formal education, if any, beyond elementary school. Here on the streets of Jakarta, the hawkers galore, peddling plastic household supplies or vending ‘meals on wheels’, the corner kiosks and food warungs, and the unofficial parking attendants are all evidence of entrepreneurial endeavour.

Terry Collins Terry Collins, co-author of culture shock! Jakarta, writes the blog, now with Facebook page.



g th Yeun Kenne

It has often been reported that unofficial payments (or good connections) are required to gain admission to the National Police Academy, yet police salaries are low, so officers must find ways to augment their meagre income. I felt sorry for the Bali traffic cop suspended last month after being secretly filmed accepting a small bribe from a Dutchman he had stopped for not wearing a motorbike helmet. The officer was so polite and friendly, even buying a few beers to share with the foreigner. If you get stopped in a late-night spotcheck in Jakarta and cannot produce a valid visa or police registration card, then officers may threaten to take you to a station for processing – unless you pay an unofficial fine of anywhere from Rp.100,000 to $100. You should remain polite and composed, remembering that as a guest in Indonesia, you need to play by their rules. Perhaps your ID is at an Immigration office pending a visa extension, so explain this and carry a photocopy of your passport’s ID page. Threats to take you to the station are usually a bluff, as officers won’t want to waste time when other motorists are passing. If being polite and amiable aren’t enough, then consider “calling a friend at your embassy” to ask for advice. 22

SUNDAY, 26 MAY FROM 16.00-21.00


Crooks in Uniform Heading home after a late night out, I was pulled up in West Jakarta by two apparent policemen. At such spotchecks, police usually want to inspect any bags and see some identification. Earlier that day I had collected my passport, along with a renewed work visa and police registration card, all of which I showed to one of the policemen. He took the documents and instructed me to follow him down an embankment. Then he requested Rp.1 million for the return of my identification. I declined, so he started to haggle. When I refused to give him even Rp.100,000, he cursed me for being stingy and threw my documents on the ground. After I picked them up, he became friendly and offered me some ecstasy, which he tried to put in my shirt pocket. I backed away, not keen on getting arrested for possession. Clearly the man and his sidekick on the road were imposters, as real police would never behave like that, would they?


Fake police uniforms and badges can be bought near Senen market in Central Jakarta. Phony cops may attempt a variety of scams, exploiting the public’s trust or fear of police. One driver was pulled over and asked to show his ID. The “policeman” dropped a small bag of pills through the car’s window, then removed it, declared it to be drugs and requested a bribe. Another driver was stopped by several bogus “narcotics police” who kidnapped him, stole his car and held him for ransom. Last year a crook posed as policeman interested in buying second-hand cars. Accompanied by the owner, he would take each vehicle for a test drive to Soekarno-Hatta Airport and then suggest stopping at Terminal 2 for lunch to seal the deal. He would excuse himself to go to the mosque, and then drive away in the car. A woman who bought a police uniform at Senen claimed she could get people enrolled at the Police Academy in return for payments of up to Rp.160 million. She was arrested after failing to get a policeman’s son into the academy. A man was nabbed last November for a similar scam, in which he posed as a police commissioner assigned to select and train recruits for the academy. In December, a woman was caught impersonating an Indonesian Military recruiter. She had managed to collect a total of Rp.471 million from four people wanting to join the military. Others have profited by masquerading as police so they can act as brokers in legal cases. It is also profitable to impersonate members of the president’s entourage. One woman got hold of a police uniform, claimed to be the private secretary of First Lady Ani Yudhoyono and collected bribes from gullible local officials seeking promotion. Prior to the 2009 election, scammers pretended to be the president and his spokesman in telephone conversations and managed to get a $2 million donation from the Sultan of Brunei. Over recent years, more than 100 people have been arrested for posing as members of the Corruption Eradication Commission to extract bribes from politicians and businesspersons. 



business & networking

BritCham - May’s Business & Social Gathering. 30 May 2013 Located at the heart of a vibrant city-centre hub, voted our most popular business networking platform, this is an excellent opportunity to exchange views, solicit information, and seek out business opportunities. Do your colleagues and friends a favor and bring them along to take full advantage of this month’s Members’ Business & Social Gathering. These Business & Social Gatherings drive intra-membership business! Member (with booking): IDR 220,000 Member (walk-in): IDR 250,000 Non Member: IDR 400,000 Light snacks will be served throughout the evening together with a 2.5 hour free flow of wine, beer, soft drinks, and juices. How to register? Email: Website:

ANZA Coffee Mornings. Every Friday of the month ANZA holds its weekly coffee mornings  from 9.30 AM Come and enjoy Usni’s coffee and chat with friends or if you’re a new member then the New Member’s Table is a great place to meet new friends!For more information, please call: +62 (021) 7179 3042 Location: TBA on RSVP Website:

Community Benefit Concert Because Indonesia is Worth it! 24 May 2013. Fez Underground Lounge. Ticket Prices: IDR 350.000. Inclusive Free Beer, Wine, Margaritas, and Finger Foods. Performance by: Pikal Mime | Red Nose Foundation. Music by: Time Warp. Featuring door prizes, Raffles prizes and a charity auction. For more info: +6221 7095 9586 | Location: Fez Underground Lounge, Jl. Kemang Raya No. 78-B

Scotland in Concert 2013. 24 May 2013 An evening of musical magic, cultural and dynamic dance. There’s classical music, cultural performances, choral group, and the massed pipes and drums. Net proceeds will be donated to our chosen charity organizations. Book now and be part of this special evening. Dress code: cocktail Dress / Smart Casual. Contribution: IDR 1.000.000/ person all inclusive or IDR 9.000.000 per table of 10 Location: Mandarin Oriental Ballroom. Website: http://www.

Cornetto Summer Music Presents Carly Rae Jepsen Live in Jakarta. 27 May 2013. Tennis Indoor Senayan, Jakarta. Time: 7.00 PM. Ticket Price VIP + Free CD: IDR 1.375.000 Tribune: IDR 880.000 Festival: IDR 770.000. carly-rae-jepsen-live-in-jakarta/


Garuda vs Oranje. 7 June 2013. Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, Jakarta.On June 7, 2013, history will be made as Indonesia host the Netherlands for the first time ever in a FIFA International Friendly Match. Match - West VIP: IDR 1.500.000 | Ina members: IDR 1.200.000. Match East VIP: IDR 750.000 | Ina members: IDR 450.000. Match - Category 1: IDR 300.000  | Ina members: IDR 270.000. Match - Category 2: IDR 150.000 | Ina members: IDR 135.000 Open Training, only for Ina Members: IDR 750.000. Meet & Greet, only for Ina Members: IDR 20.000.000 E-mail: Website:

special events

Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

Place a Classified Ad and get results!

Send in your classifieds to

SUBSCRIBE TO JAKARTA EXPAT'S E-NEWSLETTER Scan the barcode to receive your free bi-weekly newsletter. Classifieds are still FREE! Send in your classifieds to Next issue deadline: 28 May 2013 Have something to sell? Looking for something to buy? Looking for staff? Selling property? Or need a place to live? Why not place your classified ad with Jakarta Expat! Your classified will be placed once for 2 weeks online and once in our printed version which has a circulation of 15.000 copies bi weekly. Conditions: Personal classifieds : Free of Charge / 50 words max Commercial classifieds : Rp. 100,000 / 0 - 50 words : Rp. 200,000 / 50 - 100 words - Property listings are considered as Commercial. - For adding an image / company logo in our printed issue another Rp. 150,000 needs to be charged. Send in your classifieds to


For Sale: New Model Toyota Innova G LUX 2.0 GAS Automatic. This is the hard to find G “LUX” edition which has all of the popular “G” options plusfull aero package, twin rear captains chairs, rear DVD player, full factory wood trim, upgraded stereo/DVD system. Additional 17” alloy wheels with Khumo all season tires. Purchased in January of 2012, it’s a 2011 model with just 14K KM. and in perfect condition. Cost new over 280 M IR , Asking just 245M IR. LIKE NEW CONDITION. Kemang 7883.7747 or SMS @ 0853.1079.8941

Fully furnished great house for rent in Kemang. 2 living rooms, garden, 3 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, Kemang Selatan. Rent 1.300$/month for 4 months extendable. Contact Jim: 081337515101 For Sale: 2012 New Model Kawasaki Ninja 250R. Just 6 months old with 500 km. mileage. Brand new condition. Available with Over 12M IR in custom options including Bridgestone HyperSport Tires, Yoshimura Exhaust, KN freeflow air filter, upgraded HEL S/S brake lines, levers, Driven Grips, Custom fender eliminator, LED lights, and custom graphics. Will sacrifice for 56M IR or also available returned to stock condition for 47M IR. Call Jeff in Kemang @ 7883.7747 or SMS @ 0853.1079.8941

Toyota Avanza G Series Automatic. 21,000 km, Black 2011, One Lady Owner. Immaculate condition, 130 million ONO. Contact Claire on: 087886866912 or BOAT FOR SALE. 38 foot motor yacht with fly bridge, US-built, GRP, twin diesels, 2 cabins, genset, AC, new electronics. Registered in Jakarta. Excellent condition. Contact

- U$ 7000. Phone: 0816859551 - 081287488717 e-mail: nantha_

Property Houses for rent at Kemang, Cipete, Cilandak, Pejaten Barat, Pondok Indah. Big garden, S’pool, Complex, 4-5 bedrooms, U$ 2000

Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

Land For Sale at Bangka - Kemang. 1500 m2 land suitable for townhouse. Strategic location in Jl Bangka, near Kemang, south jkt. free flood, secure enough, because the land location around luxury home with security portal. If you build a cluster houses, your house will have double security gates. for serious buyer, please call me at 0812 820 80081 (mr ahmad)

Subject: Capital Residence in SCBD. 2-bedroom available for 6 months starting in June. Extension can be negotiated with owner. USD 3300 per month (negotiable). Contact +628119409745 apartment for sublease. 3 bedroom 2 bath apartment in Executive Paradise Complex, Cilandak. Available from 30 June for 3 month sublease. After that, lease can be renegotiated with the owner. Best complex for children. Best security. Top facilities. Excellent location. Gian katchan Buncit Golf Loka Indah 3 bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, New renovation garden , 24 hour security. Permata Hijau 5 bedrooms, 5 bathrooms, big garden pool, 6 car garage, ambassador penthouse 4 bedrooms, 3 bedrooms. Exclusive room for rent in menteng, full furnish and shower, contact 081513334295

Jakarta’s best location? Secure, all toll roads within 5 mins, Cilandak / Ampera R 15 min, B = 216m2, L = 465m2, 3 bedroom + office, living room, all marble + natural stone floor / wall, sit in kitchen w solid wood kitchen set, Sw pool in natural stone, mango tree in garden. With or without furniture. Rent or sale. 0816909354.

Lifestyle living within a golf course. House 363m2, Land 450m2, 4 Bedroom, livingroom, dining room, TV room, exclusive kitchen, Double garage + carport, swimming pool w

gazebo in Sentul City with clean, cool and green environment, Pertamina Hospital, restaurants & all other daily needs around the corner in a modern and growing city. For sale or rent w or without furniture. 0816909354

Houses for rent in Kemang, Cipete, Cilandak, Pejaten, Pondok Indah and Kuningan. Big garden, swimming pool, complex. 4-5 bedrooms, US$2000 - $7000. Please call or sms to Madam Heny: 021 988 61136. or just mail us

Sunrise House (homestay with hotel style design); New build and locates at sudirman cbd, few minutes from four season hotel; Contact (081586238622); Monthly rate net usd 400 up; Daily or weekly available; Facilities; a/c, wifi, swimming pool, fridge, hot shower; fully furnished, roof garden, lift. Facebook: Sun Rise House

jobs Discover Villa Gamrang. Experience our hospitality and the complete privacy of your own beach house. Villa Gamrang (Cisolok beach, 4 hours’ drive from Jakarta) is designed to offer guests a wonderful and luxurious holiday with beautiful and natural surroundings. Stylish interior, several outdoor terrace’s, sea view, spacious garden, swimming pool, 4 bedrooms and 3 bathrooms, complete kitchen, cable television, internet. Idyllic place for couples or one or two families. Staff and in house catering available. Attractive prices starting from IDR 1,150,000 per night. Most of our guests visit us again. Reservations. www.villa-

vacancies Excellent opportunity for you to sell something different. Come and Join us... Furniture Company in Yogyakarta urgently needed MARKETING. Requirements: 1. Lives in Jakarta 2. Owned motorcycle/car and mobile phone 3. Willing to be interviewed in Yogyakarta (transport allowance 500.000 IDR) Facilities: 1. Salary min. 2 Mill/month 2. Bonus Progressive 3. Jamsostek Send your CV to:


Send in your classifieds to The Philippine Mission of the Philippines to ASEAN is in need of General Assistant, newly graduate, female Indonesian, must be responsible, efficient and with or without experience. Kindly send your resume' to or

lOOKING FOR WORK Canadian Indonesian citizen Executive Housekeeping manager with 19 years of International Hospitality experience i.e. Housekeeping, Laundry, Health Club, Front Desk and Public Relation Management, ready to accept new challenge in Indonesia anywhere immediately and my detailed CV profile will be sent on request. Kindly contact me at: zagross_ or call me at: 081284736830, thanks. Mario Mo

I'm Yanti. I'm looking for job part time or nanny in evening and weekend..if u interested please call me or msg. my no is 087882065408

Expat seeking a challenging full time management position. 9+ years experience in luxurious properties (hospitality industry). Highly motivated team player with excellent interpersonal and communications skills. 0812 3738 9374 (Javier).


YOUR PATHWAY TO 2ND YEAR AT UNIVERSITY OVERSEAS. Accounting? Finance? Marketing? Management? Media & Communication?

IT? MIBT Jakarta campus provides programs that allow you to enter the second year of university overseas. Located in a bright new modern building with facilities that support first-class teaching and learning activities, MIBT Jakarta facilitates your transition from high school to university level education in Australia and other countries. Special direct pathway to Deakin University. For questions about MIBT Jakarta campus or to request a brochure, please contact us at 021 29022285/87 or visit our website at

Your children needs tutor at home? Available after school hours 4-9pm, sunday-saturday, teach for PrepPYP students. Also available holiday tutorial. Cp Iis 083875614736 or email

If you're on tight schedule, no time to go out and explore jakarta, or too tired to take a risky adventure BUT in need of a good traditional deep pressure massage... you could email me at Female experienced masseuse, speak fluent english, clean, professional, educated, and able to hold the conversation if needed (if you don't need the conversation, you could just keep silent, enjoy the massage on your back and relax) Outcall only, but at this moment only available for some Jakarta area and hotels. Email me for further details.

Provide traditional deep pressure massage. Real massage, professional & clean. Outcall only. Flexible hour. Fluent english. To book a session please email pijat.traditional@

Learn Spanish at your place with an experienced Spanish tutor from Spain. Most of my students come from International Schools (JIS

and BIS). Please, call me ( Raúl) 082110502786. Email:

International Freight Forwarding and Project Specialist. Your solutions for shipment of personal effect / household and commercial goods, let us take care of your problems. Direct, weekly consolidation container to Europe Destination, Australia, Far East and USA. It is our business to support your business. PT. VLI – PT. Voyage Logistic Indonesia. Bellagio Office Park, OUG Floor No. 19-20. Kawasan Mega Kuningan. Jl. Mega Kuningan Barat IX Kav. E4.3. Jakarta Selatan 12950 – Indonesia. Tel. : 62 21 300 66 569, Fax. : 62 21 300 66 559 E-mail: voyagelogistics@

Bahasa Indonesia class starts in June 2013 at the American Club. Private also available for Bahasa/English/ Mandarin. Qualified teacher & excellent material 02168888246 or 0813-85590009

My Foot Reflexy-the best quality in town! Experienced therapists (>5 yrs exp), affordable & reputable quality. Come & try at Wijaya Grand Centre F12-14, Jl Wijaya 2 Kebayoran Baru (0217207104 / 0217204245) and Komplek Duta merlin B38-40, Jl Gajah Mada 3-5 Jakarta Pusat (0216334228)

LEARN INDONESIAN with LSI’s. proven step-by-step programme. Lessons are delivered by a university-accredited Language Instructor, at the LSI LANGUAGE CENTRE or onsite at your office or home. Call (021)7087-2200.

We give tutoring services throughout international students. We provide tutor in all subjects including Mathematic, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Economics, Accounting, Bussiness, Chinese, French, Bahasa Indonesia, etc. For Primary, Secondary (IGCSE/ MYP), Senior High, IB (SL/HL), A Level, SAT and also for students who want to apply for SIMAK UI. - Tutor comes to your house - Tutorial is explained in English - We make sure we match you with the right tutor 24

*Available! Holiday program of Tutorial. Plan and book your holiday tutorial today. Discrete Private Jl. Joglo No.34 Ph. 021 7888 9523 HP. 0821 3600 8800 (Mr. Asep)

Teaching Bahasa Indonesia for Expats. Please contact me on 0818881708.

Bahasa Indonesia lesson for expats at your house or office,given by experienced instructor.Letter of recommendation available. Please call pa Chairuman 0812 1037 466 or email:

Experience staying at a beautiful original antique Javanese Joglo villa in the foothills of Mount Merapi. Joglo Ago is a three double bedroom villa with gardens perfect for a weekend retreat from the hustle and bustle of city life. In close proximity to Mount Merapi and Borobudur Temple. Visit www.jogloago. com for more information, or call Indah 08123563626 (owner).

Taiche Healing Master, harnessing supernatural energy: Bpk. Satria Adiluhung, Telp. 021.9686.9496 / 0852.8568.8819. Alternative therapy using natural body energy flows.

Golden Retriever Female Needs New Home.One and One-Half-Year-old Purebread Golden with Papers. Expat owned, Vet Checked Very lovable dog. Makaia needs new home because we are moving out of country. Asking 5.9 Juta must sell. Call Jeff or Laurie in Kemang @ 7883.7747 or SMS @ 0853.1079.8941

Welcome to Jakarta! If you haven’t already discovered the expat website, come visit. You’ll find a wealth of practical information for newly arrived expatriates in our extensive database of articles. Medical, housing, schooling, social life and more are covered in great depth. Living in Indonesia, A Site for Expatriates

Titleist Driver (D2), Titleist 3 Wood (D2), Titleist Rescue (19 Degree), Callaway X20 Irons (3-PW), Callaway 52 / 56 Wedges, Scotty Cameron Putter, Titleist Cart Bag (White) 650 USD Tel:08111040959

Medical evacuation health & life insurance. Let us diagnose your needs. Contact Paul Beale, mobile: +62 816 137 0663, office: 021-5220990 E:

Private Classical Piano Lesson for Children and Adults. Teacher willing to come to your place for the lesson (for South Jakarta area). Well experienced in teaching Piano for children and adults and music theory as well, also provides the ABRSM Examination that Internationally certified, if you are interest, please contact 081317

Scan your books to read them on the go!!! PT. MegaEnviron is specialized in scanning books even without removing the book bindings (non-destructive scan). Other services include scanning documents, photographs, films, and slides, data entry, managing documents and database. Contact: Charoen Sanpawa, Mobile: 0811-930-3744, Office: 021632-6667. E-mail:charoen@

others Teak TV cabinet Indian style. Suitable for Flat TV 42' is equipped with drawers for CD / DVD player as well as drawers for storing CD / DVD. 173 cm high, 73cm wide and 120 cm long. Price at Rp. 9.000.000 negotiable. Please email:

Murray 9 Foot Mahogany Pool Table. Beautiful Mahogany Wood and Blue Felt top with Leather Pockets in perfect condition. Includes Belgian Ball Set, Snooker Ball set, Triangle, 2 Bridge, New 2 piece cues, Chalk, and Powder. New cost over 40 juta IDR for all. Will sacrifice asking 29 juta IDR. Moving and Must sell. Call Jeff or Laurie in Kemang @ 7883.7747 or SMS @ 0853.1079.8941

We are moving and have something up for sale. Please visit our page and see our stuffs there. http://www. N07/ Feel free to sms or call me at 082-124-871-836 or at, we have free gifts for those who shop a lot. :)

Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

Place a Classified Ad and get results!

Send in your classifieds to

Warm? Cheers? Let our creative hands work on it and.. Voila! Call 08561291112 to order or check out flowerfrenzyflorist For sale! Electronic Piano by Roland, made in Japan,quality good!condition good! Price 5 million rupiah. Contact E:hisatama0108@

Frustrated HomeBrewer? Malt and Hops Available. Email:

We are moving house and want to sell a few things for a song. 1. Benq 16" PC monitor, hardly used. Rp 650,000

2. SCUBA gear, ABLJ, DV, fins. RP 1,500,000

3. Golf clubs & bag. Rp 350,000

BOX Children’s Magazine Parents’ Choice Foundation Gold Awards. Excellent stories that capture your child’s imagination. A personal magazine your child looks eagerly to read explore & learn monthly. Beautiful artworks by renowned illustrators. 3 BOX Series for age 3 to 12 years old. OBC Tel: 02170184788. Email: obc@centrin. www.bayard-magazines.

Do u believe in luck? i I have a mysterious painting. I bought it from vatican city and its about a year I have been keeping it. Now time has come to sell it. Want to know more about it? Write to me:

Bow, Rosin, Digital Tuner. price Appraised by MG Music is IDR 5 Million but will consider your offer. detail or more picture please SMS/ whatsapp +6281280484928 or by email.

comes with Jet Clean system that thoroughly washes, lubricates, dries and charges to renew the shaver for a superior shave day after day. 1 hour charging gives you approximate 60+ minutes of cordless power (20 shaves). if you are interested to buy this, e-mail me on: alice.hartanto@yahoo. com or SMS 08111555017.Price is: IDR 3,500,000 free delivery for jakarta area

the shaver perfectly follow the contours of the face for a close shave and minimal skin irritation,

For sale - 3 bunnies, with hutch, FREE! Peter 08161909706

Please contact Philip by sms at 08159125171

Flower Frenzy are here to help you to create a variety of atmosphere with beautiful flowers and plants. Trendy? Classic?

Universal Violin (Korean made) buat have been upgraded almost everything with Germany product. good condition! include: Hardcase,

Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013



Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

Jakarta Expat­­­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013



Jakarta Expat­­ · 22 May - 4 June 2013

Jakarta Expat - issue 94 - Education  

Indonesia's Largest Expatriate Readership.

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