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DIAMOND NEIGHBORHOODS Collective Impact

APRIL 2015


This research was funded in part by the Annie E. Casey Foundation. We thank them for their support but acknowledge that the findings and conclusions presented in this report are those of the author(s) alone, and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Foundation.


Diamond Neighborhoods


Overview Diamond Neighborhoods Population

In 2003

In 2013 3 percent

85,124

87,772


Overview Race/Ethnicity 32% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)

53%

White alone Black or African American alone 9%

48% Asian alone

21% 5% 2%

13% 2%

Diamond Neighborhoods (n=87,876)

11% 0% 3%

San Diego County (n=3,100,500)

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone Two or more races


Overview Age Distribution Diamond Neighborhoods (n=87,876)

Diamond Neighborhoods Median Age 29.6 years 9% 7%

10% 8%

7% 6% 6%

15% 14%

14% 13%

San Diego County (n=3,100,500)

San Diego County Median Age 34.7 years

14% 12%

9%9%

7% 6% 5%

5% 4%

6% 5%

4% 3% 2% 1%

Under 5 years old

5-9

10-14

15-19

20-24

25-34

35-44

45-54

55-59

60-64

65-74

75-84 Over 85 years old


Overview Place of Birth Diamond Neighborhoods (n=87,876)

67%

Native

33%

Foreign-born

San Diego County (n=3,100,500)

77%

Native

23%

Foreign-born


Overview Citizenship Status of Foreign Born Diamond Neighborhoods (n=28,946)

41%

Naturalized

59%

Not a U.S. Citizen

San Diego County (n=720,485)

47%

Naturalized

53%

Not a U.S. Citizen


Overview World Region of Birth of Foreign-Born Population

51% 69%

Northern America Latin America Oceania

2%

Africa Asia

3%

36%

27% 1%

Diamond Neighborhoods (n=28,946)

8%

San Diego County (n=720,485)

Europe


Economic Vitality Top 5 Industries in… Diamond Neighbrohoods (n=1,513) 1. Administrative & Support, Waste Management, Remediation Services

17%

2. Other Services (except Public Administration)

15%

3. Retail Trade

9%

4. Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

8%

5. Transportation and Warehousing

6%

City of San Diego (n=57,690) 1.  Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

23%

2. Other Services (except Public Administration)

14%

3.  Construction

8%

4. Retail Trade

7%

5. Health Care and Social Assistance

7%


Businesses in the Diamond Neighborhoods


Economic Vitality Employment by Industry (Top 5) Diamond Neighborhoods (n=32,767) 1. Education, Social Services, Health

18%

2. Arts, Entertainment, Recreation

16%

3. Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

12%

4. Retail Trade

10%

5.  Manufacturing

9%

San Diego County (n=1,386,825) 1.  Education, Social Services, Health

21%

2. Professional, Scientific and Technical Services

14%

3. Retail Trade

11%

4. Arts, Entertainment, Recreation

11%

5. Manufacturing

9%


Economic Vitality Employment by Industry 21%

Diamond Neighborhoods (N=32,767) San Diego County (N=1,386,825)

18% 16% 14%

9% 9%

9%

12%

11% 10% 7%

6% 5% 2% 3% 1% 1%

5% 4% 2%

2%

11% 7%

5%

6% 6%


Economic Vitality Occupations Diamond Neighborhoods (n=32,767)

San Diego County (=1,386,825) 40%

31% 23%

25%

19%

20% 13%

12% 8%

Service occupations

Sales and office occupations

Management, business, science, and arts occupations

8%

Natural resources, Production, transportation, construction, and and material moving maintenance occupations occupations


Economic Vitality Household (HH) Income Distribution Diamond Neighborhoods (n=18,204)

Diamond Neighborhoods Median HH Income $46,562

San Diego County (n=708,151)

San Diego County Median HH Income $73,969

20% 16%

15%

12%

12%

19%

17% 14% 13% 10%

7%

7% 4%

8%

5% 3%

Less than $10,000

9%

8%

1%

$10,000 to $15,000 to $25,000 to $35,000 to $50,000 to $75,000 to $100,000 $150,000 $14,999 $24,999 $34,999 $49,999 $74,999 $99,999 to $149,999 to $199,999

1% $200,000 or more


Economic Vitality Household Income and Benefits Diamond Neighborhoods (n=23,777) 78%

San Diego County (n=1,067,462)

81%

26%

24% 15% 17%

14% 8%

Earnings

Social Security

Retirement income

4%

Supplemental Security Income

6%

3%

Cash public assistance income

5% Food Stamp/SNAP benefits


Economic Vitality Households (HH) with Public Assistance Diamond Neighborhoods (n=23,777)

94%

6%

San Diego County (n=1,067,462)

97%

3%

HH with no public assistance income

HH with no public assistance income

HH with public assistance income

HH with public assistance income


Economic Vitality Median Earnings by Educational Attainment Population 25 years and over with earnings Diamond Neighborhoods Median Earnings $25,252

Diamond Neighborhoods

San Diego County

San Diego County Median Earnings $39,572 75,230

80,000 70,000 60,000

53,812

50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000

28,922 29,582

31,974

37,124

39,643

20,550 20,171

10,000 0 Less than high school High school graduate graduate (includes equivalency)

Some college or associate's degree

Bachelor's degree

Graduate or professional degree


Economic Vitality Percentage of Population Living at Poverty (using Federal Definition) San Diego County (n=3,057,308)

Diamond Neighborhoods (n=89,274)

Below Federal Poverty Level 24%

Above Federal Poverty Level 76%

Above Federal Poverty Level 86%

Below Federal Poverty Level 14%


Economic Vitality Percentage of Population Earning Less than Self-Sufficiency Standard Households* earning less than Self-Sufficiency Standard: $24,999 $27,655 for 1 adult Diamond Neighborhoods: 29% San Diego County: 19% Families** earning less than Self-Sufficiency Standard: $49,999 $53,580 for a family with 1 Diamond Neighborhoods: 55% adult + 1 preschooler San Diego County: 40% * Households may include multiple adults ** Family defined as blood relative, marriage (may or may not include child(ren))


Economic Vitality Income to Poverty Ratio in Households 37%

Diamond Neighborhoods District San Diego County

19% 15% 8% 4%

Under . 50

7% 3% .50 to . 74

8% 3% .75 to . 99

8% 4%

1.00 to 1.24

8% 4%

1.25 to 1.49

6% 4%

1.50 to 1.74

2%2%

3%2%

1.75 to 1.84

1.85 to 1.99

2.00 to 2.99

12% 12%

3.00 to 3.99

11% 7%

12%

4.00 to 5.00 4.99 and over


Economic Vitality Labor Force Status of Civilian Non-institutionalized Population 18-64 years 30% 9%

24% 7% Not in Labor Force Unemployed

61%

Diamond Neighborhoods (n=52,260)

69%

San Diego County (n=1,925,935)

Employed


Economic Vitality Housing Occupancy Diamond Neighborhoods (n=25,566)

San Diego County (n=1,163,884) 8%

7%

93%

Diamond Neighborhoods

92%

San Diego County

Vacant housing units

Vacant housing units

Occupied housing units

Occupied housing units


Economic Vitality Median Value Homes

Median Gross Rent

Diamond Neighborhoods

Diamond Neighborhoods

$275,711

$1,062

San Diego County

San Diego County

$432,750

$1,282


Education, Skills, and Competencies Overall Educational Attainment Less than HS Diploma

15%

HS Diploma or Equivalent

19%

Associate Degree

7% 9%

Bachelor's Degree

9%

Professional Degree or PhD

25%

21% 23%

Some College

Master's Degree

36%

2% 1%

5%

8%

21%

Diamond Neighborhoods (n=49,742) San Diego County (n=2,011,024)


Education, Skills, and Competencies Educational Attainment by Race/Ethnicity in the Diamond Neighborhoods (Population 25 years an older)

20%

15%

19%

41%

42%

28%

6%

17% 24%

24% 29%

29%

10%

14%

White Only, Not Hispanic/ Latino (n=6,709)

Black Only* (n=11,305)

Less than high school diploma Some college or associate's degree * Race includes Hispanic/Latino populations

53% 28% Asian Only* (n=7,735)

Hispanic/Latino Only* (n=24,352)

High school graduate (includes equivalency) Bachelor's degree or higher


Education, Skills, and Competencies Diamond Neighborhoods Schools Elementary Schools Baker Carver Chollas/Mead Encanto Holly Drive Leadership Academy (K-8) (Elementary) Horton Johnson Nye Oak Park Porter Elementary Valencia Park Webster

Middle Schools Millennial Tech O'Farrell Community School (K-12) (Middle - K-9 served) Knox Middle School

High Schools Gompers Preparatory Academy Lincoln High School


Education, Skills, and Competencies Characteristics of Students in Public Schools Diamond Neighborhoods

San Diego County

80.3%

50.9% 30.9% 22.7% 2.7% Free or Reduced Meals (2013-2014)

English Learners (2013-14)

3.5%

Dropout Rates (2012-13)


Education, Skills, and Competencies Elementary School API Scores – 10 Year Change 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0

2003 2013


Education, Skills, and Competencies Percent of 12th Grade Students Taking the SAT Diamond Neighborhoods (n=401)

San Diego County (n=42,766)

40% 68%

Tested

32%

Not Tested

60%

Tested

Not Tested


Education, Skills, and Competencies SAT Scores: 2012-2013 Diamond Neighborhoods (n= 271)

520

506 369

Critical Reading Average

San Diego County (n=17,271)

386

Math Average

497 367

Writing Average


Education, Skills, and Competencies Percent of Resident vs Incoming Students (2013-14) Diamond Neighborhoods

40.9%

59.1%

Incoming Students (n= 4,521) Resident Students (n= 6,527)

San Diego Unified

44.5%

55.5%

Incoming Students (n= 58,060) Resident Students (n= 72,429)


Education, Skills, and Competencies Graduates with Postsecondary Enrollment 1-Year Post Graduation

70.1% 68.2%

68.8%

67.7%

68.4%

67.8%

69.0% 67.1% 62.0%

2007-2008

2008-2009

64.7%

63.3%

63.1%

2009-2010

2010-2011

Diamond Neighborhoods

2011-2012

SD Unified

2012-2013


Education, Skills, and Competencies Post Secondary Education by 2 year and 4 year Institutions

2007-2008

-

2008-2009

-

2009-2010

-

2010-2011

-

44%

75% 57%

56%

2011-2012

-

SD Unified

59%

70%

Diamond Neighborhoods

63% 56%

17%

43%

SD Unified

56%

67%

30%

SD Unified

Diamond Neighborhoods

SD Unified

Diamond Neighborhoods

55%

36% 43%

Diamond Neighborhoods

72%

30% 40%

SD Unified

79%

43%

Diamond Neighborhoods

27%

45%

SD Unified

21%

4 year institutions

Diamond Neighborhoods

2 year institutions

2012-2013


Public Safety Violent Crime (per 1,000 population) 12.00 10.00

11.07 9.43 9.64 9.51

Diamond Neighborhoods

9.00 8.14

8.00

37% drop in 10 years 6.94 6.80 6.75 6.98

San Diego County

6.00 4.00

21% drop in 10 years 4.61 4.56 4.43 4.56 4.24 4.23

2.00

3.76 3.53 3.87 3.66

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

San Diego County

Diamond Neighborhoods

Diamond Neighborhoods 48% HIGHER than San Diego County


Public Safety Breakdown of Violent Crime in the Diamond Neighborhoods 17%

1% 3% 17%

78%

78%

2% 3%

2% 4%

2% 3%

2% 2%

2% 4%

1% 5%

1% 4%

22%

24%

25%

27%

29%

31%

72%

71%

70%

66%

66%

64%

1% 4%

2% 4%

1% 3%

23%

23%

23%

72%

71%

72%

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Aggr. Assult

Robbery

Rape

Murder


Public Safety Property Crime (per 1,000 population) 35.00

32.35 32.12

27.80

30.00 25.00

Diamond Neighborhoods

30.46 29.96

26.53

27.81

26.47

24.80 24.73

20.00

22.78 21.92

20.89

21.08 20.81 17.73

15.00

22.29 22.34

28% drop in 10 years

19.00 19.21

San Diego County 31% drop in 10 years

10.00

Diamond Neighborhoods 14% LOWER than San Diego County

5.00 -

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

San Diego County

Diamond Neighborhoods


Public Safety 2013 Alcohol and Narcotics Arrests (per 1,000 population) Diamond Neighborhoods 65% LOWER Alcohol arrests than City of San Diego

3.35 Alcohol Incidents Number

9.48

4.88 Narcotics Incidents Number 5.96

Diamond Neighborhoods

City of San Diego

Diamond Neighborhoods 18% LOWER Narcotics arrests than City of San Diego


Health & Wellness Top 5 Cause of Death Diamond Neighborhoods (n=1,220)

San Diego County (n=19,925)

Heart Disease ……………….. 25.2% Cancers ………….…………... 24.7% Other Causes ………………... 20.2% Unintential Injuries …………….. 5.2% Stroke ……………………….… 5.0%

Cancers ……...………………. 24.8% Heart Disease ………………... 23.1% Other Causes ……………….... 20.5% Alzheimer’s Disease …………… 5.8% Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease ……………………… 5.1%


Health & Wellness Age at Death 40% 35%

Percentage

30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0%

15-2 25-3 35-4 45-5 55-6 65-7 75-8 85+ 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

<1

1-4

5-14

2%

0%

0%

2%

2%

4%

8%

18% 15% 24% 24%

San Diego County (n=19,925) 1%

0%

0%

1%

2%

3%

6%

12% 15% 24% 36%

Diamond Neighborhoods (n=1,220)


Health & Wellness Health Insurance Coverage by Source

44% 70% 20% 11% 39% 23% Diamond Neighborhoods (n=52,260)

San Diego County (n=1,925,935)

Private health Insurance Public health Insurance No health Insurance


Health & Wellness Births to Teen Mothers Diamond Neighborhoods

San Diego County 6%

11% Under 20 years (n= 461) 89%

Over 20 years (n= 3,587)

Under 20 years (n= 2,513) 94%

Over 20 years (n= 41,518)


Health & Wellness Birth Weight 1.4% Under 1500g 1.1%

Diamond Neighborhoods (n=4,048) 5.8%

San Diego County (n=44,031)

1500g-2499g 5.7%

92.8% 2500+g 93.6%


Health & Wellness Immunization Status of Kindergarten Students

Diamond Neighborhoods Schools (n=1,071)

San Diego County Schools (n=43,026)

Up-to-date

95%

90%

Conditional

4%

5%

Exempt

5%

1%


Health & Wellness Body Composition of 9th Graders 67.4 52.9 Lincoln High School 9th Graders (n=306) 24.5 17.7

Healthy Fitness Zone

Needs Improvement

22.6 14.9

Needs Improvement Health Risk

San Diego County High Schools 9th Graders (n=7,834)


Health & Wellness Percent of Population Residing more than 1 mile from Grocery Store 5.8%

3.2%

Diamond Neighborhoods (n=87,584)

San Diego County (n=3,095,313)


Health & Wellness Dental Establishments (per 1,000 people) 0.56

0.08

Diamond Neighborhoods (n=87,772)

San Diego County (n=3,128,737)


Civic Participation Voter Participation in June 2014 Special Election by City Council (CC) Districts


Civic Participation 2012 Presidential Election Voter Statistics Diamond Neighborhoods (n=49,409)

65%

% who voted

35%

% who did not vote

San Diego County (n=1,563,093)

76%

% who voted

24%

% who did not vote


Civic Participation 2012 Presidential Election Voter Statistics Diamond Neighborhoods (n=49,409)

28%

15%

57%

Registered Republican Registered Democrat Other Parties

San Diego County (n=1,563,093)

31%

34%

35%

Registered Republican Registered Democrat Other Parties


Character of Community Life Method of Commuting to Work Diamond Neighborhoods (n=33,120)

72% 76%

Drove Alone 16%

Carpooled Public Transportation Walked Other Means Worked at Home

San Diego County (n=1,431,134)

10% 7% 3% 1% 3% 1% 2% 4% 6%

Mean Travel Time to Work 25 minutes â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Diamond Neighborhoods 24 minutes â&#x20AC;&#x201C; San Diego County


Character of Community Life Diamond Neighborhoods - Euclid Avenue Trolley Stop Data Board

Depart 3,510 3,414

2,861 2,732 2,916 2,916 3,361 3,293 2,642 2,527 2,390 2,182 2,317 2,806 2,806 2,607 2,576 2,482 2,378 2,229 2,213 1,962

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012* 2013 2014


Character of Community Life Ethnic Cuisine

Restaurants, caterers and other food services: 35% of Diamond Neighborhoods TBD of San Diego County


Character of Community Life 2-1-1 San Diego. Individuals in the Diamond Neighborhoods Called for Assistance with the Following:


Character of Community Life Faith-Based Organizations in the Diamond Neighborhoods

196 places of worship, schools and social services •  167 churches •  1 mosque •  3 temples

•  9 schools •  15 social services •  1 boarding home


Character of Community Life Community Diamond Neighborhoods

San Diego County 40.3% frequently talk with neighbors 65.5% do favors for their neighbors 89.9% frequently eat dinner with household members


Character of Community Life Volunteerism Diamond Neighborhoods

San Diego County (n=619,037)

29.7% of residents volunteer 619,000 volunteers 44.5 volunteer hours per resident


Culture and Recreation Public Library Book Circulation (per 1,000 people)

1,995

Diamond Neighborhoods Public Libraries

4,111

San Diego Public Library System


Culture and Recreation Recreation Parks Diamond Neighborhoods Chollas Lake Park Encanto Recreation Center Emerald Hills Martin Luther King, Jr. Recreation Center Mountain View Community Center Willie Henderson Sports Complex

Per 1,000 people Diamond Neighborhoods: 0.07 parks City of San Diego: 0.06 parks


Culture and Recreation Music & Performing Arts Venues in the Diamond Neighborhoods

3 Venues


Culture and Recreation Art Galleries & Museums in the Diamond Neighborhoods

2 Art Galleries

0 Museums


Character of Physical Environment Type of Housing (percentage) 5.6 4.4 7.3 18.7

14 6.9 7.7 16.3

20 or more units 10 to 19 units 5 to 9 units 1-4 units, attached 1-unit, detached

58.5

51.4

5.3

3.7

Diamond Neighborhoods (n=24,275)

SD County (n=1,076,483)

Mobile home


Character of Physical Environment Housing Snapshot

52%

46% Renter-Occupied Owner-Occupied

48%

54%

Diamond Neighborhoods SD County (n=1,076,483) (n=24,275)


Character of Physical Environment Housing Snapshot Diamond Neighborhoods (n=24,275)

SD County (n=1,076,483)

Median Rooms:

Median Rooms:

4.7

5.1

Average Household Size: 3.7 Average Family Size: 4.2

Average Household Size: 2.8 Average Family Size: 3.4


Character of Physical Environment Percent Tree Canopy Area 1.23%

0.61%

Diamond Neighborhoods

San Diego County

Profile for Jacobs Center for Neighborhood Innovation

Diamond Neighborhoods Collective Impact  

The Jacobs Center for Neighborhood Innovation (JCNI) has partnered with UCSD Extension to collect data on the Diamond Neighborhoods, in the...

Diamond Neighborhoods Collective Impact  

The Jacobs Center for Neighborhood Innovation (JCNI) has partnered with UCSD Extension to collect data on the Diamond Neighborhoods, in the...

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