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FMV Özel Ayazağa Işık High Schools

INSIDE THIS ISSUE • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •




A Letter from the Editor Esteemed Principals, Honorable Teachers and Dear Students, In this issue you will find an MUN experiences article written by Ece Gökçek, a news article about Syrian Refugees by Yeler Tola, an article about cyber spying by Lara Yılmaz, a review of the Nexus 5 from me, information about Koç University, campus events, book reviews from Defne Başbuğoğlu, an essay about music by Bartu Gergerlioğlu, the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics by me, campus news, Nokia Lumia review by Ceren CAN and ALS Disease by Ezgi Çakır.

I hope you enjoy our January-February issue. Regards,


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to express my gratitude to our school principal, Ömer Orhan, who advocated this project and provided great recommendations through the process of planning, our principal Nihal Oktem, who has always supported me, our advisor, Kadriye Bilgi and our esteemed teacher, Zafer Yaz, who has made significant recommendations during the exhausting procedures and most importantly the amazing team, consisting of Ceren Can, Defne Basbuguoglu, Ezgi Cakir, Lara Yilmaz, Ece Gokcek and Yeler Tola. It is a privilege to work with such a talented and dedicated group of people. Our main purpose is to improve the student vision and knowledge. Therefore, we encourage and urge everyone who would like to contribute and be a part of our team. We are always open for those who would like to work. You can contact me by sending an e-mail to

Concessionnaire Ömer ORHAN

Editor Kerim SERTTÜRK

Responsible Assistant Principal Nihal ÖKTEM

Büyükdere Street No:192/3 Maslak/ İSTANBUL Phone No: 0212 286 11 30 Fax No: 0212 276 40 58

Responsible Teachers Joseph Vickers, Zafer YAZ, Kadriye BİLGİ Press Şevki SÜTÇÜ, Nuri ÇEVİK




MUNOM 2013 n life, lots of things affect us. There are moments that leave us breathless, either from excitement, sadness or happiness. Or, there may be some moments we feel completely lost and don't know what to do, how to keep on going. We wait for some miracle to come and light us the way out.

For me, this year is full of lost moments and high expectations. My parents, family and friends expect a lot from me, that I should enter the best university. But the problem is I don’t know what I really want? Do I want happiness, do I want money, and do I want peace? While there is lots of unfairness going on in the world, in Turkey, it seems unfair to me that many people are working so hard to have that very 'best' job, while others can enter any university because of privileges given by the government or by the power of money. Maybe the reason I am working is this unfairness. Maybe, I just want to stop this in the future. But apart from others' expectations, everyone has their own dreams to accomplish and i hope one day, we can all be able to fulfill them. For all these years, I have been to many MUN conferences and each time I learned more. MUNOM was certainly one of them that earned a huge place in my mind and in my heart. In MUNOM 2013 I met a lot of new people, built great friendships. Also, I had a lot of fun, because I believe that the prize of working hard and writing those resolutions is to have fun in the end. Munich was a really nice city and exploring it with my friends was even more fun. I felt very free and brave. While, I was walking in the streets, when I was chairing my committee and trying to find the way back to hotel at night. This trip gave me a huge opportunity to understand what I really want in life and how I am going to earn it. I kind of discovered myself. Also, my committee was very wonderful and fun. Apart from finding solutions to the worldwide problems, we wrote silly resolutions like banning selfies and made the late coming delegates twerk in front of the whole committee. The city added a whole new dimension to the MUN experience. The food was nice and our hotel was located in the center of Munich so it was really easy to find places, but I got lost in the first day so I guess it wasn't that easy for me. In front of the hotel, there was a dancing studio and we watched people dancing every night, it was really amazing. Unfortunately, we couldn’t enter the night club under the dancing studio because of the age limit. There, however, was a party that the conference administration organized and the most funny thing happened there was when Ceren came and told me that Mrs. Jill was having a pain so we all thought that she was giving birth. So we immediately went out, hopefully she was fine. All in all, I am really glad that I finished MUN as a chair and had a lot of fun. Now, I am getting back to my life full of tests. Maybe I will soon die from working. However, activities like MUN give one the chance to have fun once in a while, which becomes really valuable in these distressing times. Ece GÖKÇEK





n 31 October 2013 Google introduced a new device of the highly acclaimed Nexus flagship, the Nexus 5. It is manufactured by LG Electronics and runs the newest Android 4.4 Kitkat operating system. Hardware It has a Snapdragon 800 system-on-chip (SoC), and a 4.95-inch 1080p display. Interestingly the device can be purchased online on Google Play Store. The exterior of the Nexus 5 is made from a polycarbonate shell with similarities to the new Nexus 7. With 2 GB of RAM, either 16 or 32 GB of internal storage, and a 2300 mAh battery Nexus 5 is already one of the most powerful smart phones in the market.

The best phone $350 can buy. Engadget

It includes an 8-megapixel rear-facing camera with optical image stabilization feature (OIS). Notable new hardware features also include two new composite sensors: a step detector and a step counter. These new sensors allow applications to easily track steps when the user is walking, running, or climbing stairs. Both sensors are implemented in hardware for low power consumption. The Nexus 5 features a 5-inch 1080p IPS display - that’s 1920 x 1080, giving us 445 PPI. It measures 137.9 x 69.2 x 8.6 mm but because the bezel is so narrow, the device itself isn’t pushed wider by its large display. It’s very light, thanks mostly to LG’s use of plastics.



Software Nexus 5 is the first Android device to ship with Android 4.4 “KitKat”, which has a refreshed interface, improved performance, improved NFC support. After booting up KitKat for the first time, you’ll find the home screen still feels like the same old Android we know and love. But it isn’t completely identical. The icons have been made a little larger. You start off with only one home panel, but it can be expanded to include as many panels as you want. the status bar and navigation bar are no longer solid black on the home screen and app menu -- they’re translucent, clearly showing off the wallpaper underneath. This is part of Google’s new firmware design strategy: KitKat enables developers to completely hide these two bars, so that users can take full advantage of the extra screen space. The lock screen is largely the same as Android 4.3, but there are a few enhancements to the lock screen widgets. Most notable, however, is the new camera button on the lower-right corner of the screen; drag this up and to the left, and you’re immediately into your camera app. A few apps received much-needed overhauls with KitKat. The biggest one is arguably Hangouts, which finally integrates SMS and MMS messages into the app.

It’s great to be able to have all of your conversations finally showing up in one place, but it’s still not possible to merge text messages and Hangout conversations together into one thread. Nexus 5 gives us an opportunity to explore the new android operating system with a powerful and fast processor. In North America you can purchase Nexus 5 for less than $400, which is one of the most tempting features of the device. The price is not specified for Turkey yet. However, it is estimated to be around 1,500 TL.




Syria’s Refugee Children Are Alone! by Yeler TOLA


alking alone, in the quiet, surrounded by strangers you continue on helplessly wondering and worrying about your family that you have not heard from in days. Everyone knows that you need help, but no one is helping. Some people and organizations try to help you but they can’t repair your broken heart. They try, but they can’t provide you with what you need. Can you imagine yourself in this hard situation?

It’s a fact that the children of Syrian refugees are suffering. They have been seperated from their families and some of them haven’t seen them for years. Starting a new life away from the old comforts of home, many are growing up in fractured families. They recieve no education or they are thrown into illegal child labor. It is found that, 70 thousand Syrian refugee families live without fathers and over 3,700 refugee children are either unaccompanied by or separated from both parents. Researchers also has heard of boys being trained to fight in preparation for a return to Syria. Another big problem for refugee families is that they don’t have a proper financial. Without income, these families resort to letting their children work for their income. Furthermore, research has found that children as young as seven years old are working long hours for little pay. An example for this event, Abdallah, 13, said he wakes up every morning at 7 a.m. to buy dry bread from other refugees living in the camp to help sustain his family. They then sell the bread to a Jordanian man who uses it to feed his animals. The United Nations estimates that more than 100,000 people have died in the fighting. It’s obvious that most of the countries are insensitive for refugees because if they really cared, refugees would have more rights and they would live in better conditions. Countries should help each other and they must carry the burden together in order to provide better conditions for the thousands of these Syrian refugee families and children.






s technology advances, dangers and risks evolve. Everything we do on the internet, from buying a product to chatting with friends can be obtained by others. Criminals take advantage of this situation, but what about the governments? As everyone knows, criminals use hacking as a common method. It is revealed that some governments use a similar technique to obtain private information. The most controversial issue in the current cyber world and international relations: Government Spying.

Government spying has been on the international agenda since Edward Snowden's revelations about the United States government's spying program. In June of 2013, former CIA employee Edward Snowden began sharing the secrets about government surveillance programs with the public. Since then, it is known by the international community that the US monitors calls of the world leaders, spies on foreign embassies, and accesses the servers of the biggest international companies including Microsoft, Google, Yahoo!, Facebook and Youtube. Even the ordinary people who are using these sites are monitored with the program. These revelations led to an ardent debate. Many nations, including France and Germany, criticized this US program. US argued that this program is a tool to fight against terror, and also asserted other nations have similar programs. American authorities charged Edward Snowden with espionage and theft of government property. He is now living in Russia under political asylum. He is considered a fugitive by American authorities. Some people call him a hero and a patriot while others consider him as a dissident and traitor. Whatever his name or adjective is, he is sure to be remembered for a long time. Spying is a fragile issue that will apparently be discussed for a long time. Hopefully, the limits will be highlighted. Pix/pictures/2013/6/23/1372015020195/Edward-Snowden-008.jpg


CAMPUS / NASA TRIP Between January 18-24, 2014 our students from 10th, 11th and 12th grades attended a school trip in United States of America in order to practise their scientific interests. The group, composed of 33 students and 3 teachers, visited the NASA Campus in Orlando and had the chance to simulate an identical experience to that of professionals working in this field. Our students also visited New York City and Miami and had the privelege to visit the Universal Studios. The students also attended a conference with J.O. Creighton, a former astronaut. Gültuğ Şahinoğlu/Biology Teacher

CAMPUS/ Interact Club with Hazım Kantarcı

INTERACT DINNER WITH HAZIM KANTARCI On November 26, 2013 our Interact Club represented our school in a formal dinner with the former CEO of Sabanci Holding. Our students had the opportunity to explore his insights about the business life. He clarified the responsibilites of a leader and a manager as well as the requirements to become one.


Hazim Kantarci was born in 1945 in Kayseri. After graduating from Tarsus American College, in 1968 he graduated from Middle East Technical University Department of Business Administration. His business life began in 1970 in Sabanci Holding. In 1985 he was appointed general manager of LASSA. He worked as the chairman of Otomotiv Grubu and the general manager of TOYOTASA. From August 1, 2000 to April 2003 he was worked as the CEO of Sabanci Holding.



CAMPUS/ CIS OFFICIALS VISIT OUR CAMPUS Between January 12-14, Council of International Schools (CIS) Regional Accreditation Officer, Kay Mongardi and Ray Davis - Associate Director of School Support & Evaluation Services / RAO visited and inspected FMV Ayazağa Işık Schools for the determination of extension of the CIS Accreditation, which our school was certified with in 2009. CIS is a global non-profit organisation, which ensures that the member schools provide students with the necessary skills to “pursue their lives as global citizens” The CIS community includes more than 660 schools and 490 colleges and universities representing 104 countries. Kerim SERTTURK


GENOA MODEL UNITED NATIONS (GeMUN) 2014 COMMITTE CHAIR KERIM SERTTURK Our student from 12-B, Kerim SERTTURK was selected as the Committe Chair of Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC) of GeMUN 2014 by the directors of the most privileged high schools of Italy. The conference will take place in Genoa, Italy in February 2014. GeMUN is a THIMUN affiliated conference. According to its official website it is one of the most esteemed and well-known conferences in Europe as well as in Italy. In 2011 more than 600 delegates and dozens of directors and teachers attended to the conference, making it a grandiose conference compared to many others in the world.

Kerim SERTTURK has been diligently working to represent our school on both national and international levels since 2010. For his outstanding work he has been appointed as the president of our MUN Club by MUN advisors. In the MUN society he is highly acclaimed due to his noticable performances in Robert College Model United Nations (RCIMUN) as a delegate and Istanbul Technical University MUN (IIMUN) as a chair. We congratulate his admission to the most important position in one of the most competitive conferences in the world. Hande Acarman YEŞİLKAYA IIMUN 2013-Photo by Melda CEMAL




oç University is a private educational institution that was established in 1993. The current main campus is in Sarıyer and was designated to the university in 2000. With Colleges of Administrative Sciences & Economics, Engineering, Natural Sciences, Humanities & Social Sciences, Law and Medicine, Koç University offers 22 undergraduate, 30 master’s degrees and 15 PhD programs.

95% of the faculty members have received their PhDs from North American and European universities. There are more than 250 international partners that the university is in contact with, 409 outsourced active research projects and 77 laboratories. Approximately 95% of the classes are taught in English. The Open Library includes 220,000 printed, 45,000 audio-visual sources and more than 92,000 e-books and 64,000 e-magazines.

Founded by the Vehbi Koç Foundation, Koç University has about 5,500 students, charges the highest tuition amongst all universities in Turkey and is considered the most competitive among private universitites of Turkey. Koç University was ranked by the Financial Times as the 73rd best business school in Europe, 29th for the EMBA program in 2011 and among the top 226-250 universities in the world by The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 20122013. Kerim SERTTURK







he 22nd Winter Olympics is taking place in Sochi, a city located on the Black Sea coast near the border between Georgia/Abkhazia and Russia. The olympics has a record-breaking cost of approximately $50 billion. Sochi 2014, therefore, is the most expensive Olympics in history, exceeding the estimated $44 billion cost of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, which hosted 3 times as many events. Such a big event attracts an estimated 3 billion viewers on TV. A record 88 nations qualified to compete, which beat the previous record of 82 set at the previous Winter Olympics in Vancouver, Canada. USA team consist of 230 athletes competing in all 15 sports, becoming the nation sending highest number of athletes at the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics.

By Kerim SERTTURK The Turkish Olympic Team consists of six atheletes in three sports. Those atheletes are: Emre Şimşek, Tuğba Kocaağa, Sebahattin Oğlago, Kelime Çetinkaya, Alisa Agafonava and Alper Uçar. Our atheletes will represent us in Alpine Skiing, Cross-country Skiing and Figure Skating.




Alpine skiing Biathlon Bobsleigh Cross-country skiing Curling Figure skating Freestyle skiing Ice hockey Luge

• • • • • • • •

Short track speed skating Skeleton Ski jumping Snowboarding Speed skating Ski slopestyle Snowboard slopestyle Nordic combined

THE OPENING CEREMONY The opening ceremony took place on February 7, 2014. All atheletes participating in the olympics, even those who were injured during practices, watched the opening ceremony along side 40.000 people in the Fisht Olympic Stadium. Thousands of dancers performed in the ceremony, which depicted a brief history of Russia. Imperial Russia, the Soviet Union and modern Russia were displayed during the opening ceremony of the games. The performances included tributes to famous Russians, such as Peter Tchaikovsky (1840–1893), Ukrainian-born Russian humorist, dramatist, and novelist Nikolai Gogol (1809–1852), filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein (1898–1948), ballet dancer Vaslav Nijinsky (1889–1950), and patron of arts, and founder of Ballet Russes, Sergei Diaghilev (1872–1929). The Russian president, Vladimir Putin officially opened the games. United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and forty-four heads of states or governments attended the opening ceremonies Figure skater Irina Rodnina and ice hockey player Vladislav Tretiak lit the olympic torch.






According to the February 10 issue of Time Magazine, the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics is President,Vladimir Putin’s “baby” and that he will protect it by all means. Russia is constantly threathened by various terrorist groups and militants. Just recently in Volgograd a suicide bomber exploded at the Volgograd railway station, killing himself and 16 more persons. A day later a suicide bombing on a trolleybus killed at least 15 people. Under these threats the Russian government should stay strong and ensure the security of the everyone in Sochi. In order to do so, the russian police forces took control of regions where local terrorist groups are likely to reside. In addition to local threats, Russian government also faces the risks of the volatile nature of the region where the city of Sochi is. A CNN journalist reported that Abkhazia is only five minutes of drive away from the Olympic Park. Abkhazia considers itself an independent state, called the Republic of Abkhazia. The Georgian government and the majority of the world’s governments, however, consider Abkhazia a part of Georgia’s territory, though Georgia is not in control of it. The conflict in this particular region has been going on for decades now. In order to secure the protection of atheletes, journalists, volunteers, diplomats, and all others who have traveled to Sochi for the 2014 Winter Olympics, the Russians created the “ring of steel”, making Sochi a fortress. The Russian government deployed the 58th Army unit of the Russian Armed Forces, which is composed of about 70,000 soldiers, to patrol Russia’s nearby southern border with Georgia. In addition to police forces and troops, over 400 Cossacks, traditional warriors sworn to protect Russian soil, arrived in Sochi in early January to help the security forces. The hills of Sochi are protected by camouflaged Special Forces as well as the Black Sea which is monitored by the Russian and American navy forces. A Presidential Decree was signed by President Vladimir Putin, stipulating that all gatherings, protests, demonstrations, marches and pickets in Sochi and the surrounding area that are not part of the Olympics or Paralympics must obtain approval from the FSB (intelligence agency), police and local government.




Current Medal Count (updated on 14.02.2013)

The most ambitious and naturally pretentious of the teams are Russia, Canada, Norway, United States, Switzerland and Italy. The common feature of the above-mentioned nations is, of course, their strong ties with and the emphasis they put on winter sports. Russia’s team will consist of 226 athletes competing in all 15 sports, which will be Russia’s largest Winter Olympics team ever. Germany has 153 athletes (76 men, 77 women). The Germans can be easily recognized from their colorful clothing. Canada has 221 atheletes in the games. Canadians will compete in every discipline except Nordic combined. The youngest in their team is 16. On February 8 (Day 1 of the Games) Mark McMorris, Justine Dufour-Lapointe and Chloé Dufour-Lapointe won medals for the team.

HIJACK ATTEMPT IN TURKISH AIRPLANE On 7 February 2014, during the opening ceremony, a Pegasus Airlines jetliner from Kharkiv, Ukraine, to Istanbul, Turkey, was threatened by a passenger claiming to have a bomb and wanting to hijack the plane to fly it to Sochi. The plane landed at its intended destination in Istanbul. The Ukrainian foreign ministry reported that the passenger was arrested, and no weapons or bombs were found aboard the plane.The goal of the attempt was related to protesters being arrested during the protests in Ukraine.

The next Winter Olympics is scheduled to take place in Pyeongchang, South Korea, between 9 and 25 February 2018. Other candidates that applied to host the games were Annecy, France and Munich, Germany. Pyeongchang won on its third consecutive bid, having lost previously to Vancouver, Canada and Sochi, Russia. It will be the first Winter Olympic Games and second Olympic Games in South Korea; the 1988 Summer Olympics were held in Seoul. Kerim SERTTURK



The Shadow Thief Marc Levy Defne Başbuğoğlu This is a story of a boy with a special gift, who can steal the shadows of other people. After he does this, the shadows tell him secrets about its owners. The story starts when he was a 6 year bullied boy in school. Then we learn about his little secret and how he reacts to this. We read about his life, his love, friends and other peoples’ secrets. This book is totally inspiring. With mystery and love it is a mixture of a lot of feelings. You can find really nice quotes and will have a lot of things to think about after reading this novel.

Mice Gordon Reece Defne Başbuğoğlu

‘Some Secrets Just Won’t Stay Burried’ Shelley, a 16 year old teenager is badly bullied at school. With her mom, they move to an isolated cottage in countryside, away from all the bad. Everything seemed nice and Shelley was recovering until someone broke into their house at Shelley’s birthday. Since Shelley and her mom are ‘mice’, its not their nature to fight, they only hide. But this time it is not the time to be a mouse. This is a very nice story with a lot of unexpected events and a unique perspective. Also it makes you feel Shelley’s emotions, her fear and hope.




Music ife has a rhythm just like music does. We all wake up, eat, walk, breath and sleep. Music does the same things because a good music has a soul.

There are lots of genres of music. Pop, rock, funk, blues are some examples. Each type of music has a different soul. Someone might love rock music more than pop music or, someone might prefer dubstep to rock music. It’s a personal choice. I have been interested in music for 7 years and I have listened so many genres. In last 2 years I noticed that, some people say a music genre is bad. It’s absolutely wrong. A genre cannot be bad, but a song can be effortless. Most of the people only listen to one kind of music and they don’t really know about the others. For example a person listens to rock music, hates pop music. There are so many songs in the world. Pop music has good and bad songs as rock music has. Being a musician is not just playing an instrument, it’s playing or feeling the music with a spirit. I’ve been playing guitar for 7 years and many people around me think that I’m weird because I listen to many genres of music. They think I should only listen to rock music because my main instrument is guitar. However guitar appears almost in the all genres. I can support this fact by introducing you with different types of guitars. Guitar manufacturing has improved so much that fabricators make them specialized. Jazz body guitar, classical guitar, fretless guitar are some examples. As I said before, I listen to music which has a soul in it and It doesn’t matter which genre it is. I am then inspired from those types of music and create my own music. A listener doesn’t need to know all about music genres but a real musician has to have an opinion for all genres of music. I don’t really care if a listener listens to a music which is effortless but if a musician listens to those records, I would castigate him/her. Because today, there are lots of people who discourage the real musicians. “Music gives a soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination and, to everything.” – Plato Bartu Gergerlioglu





n the age of instants, adding a camera to a cell phone is very important. People can take and share their photographs every second thanks to the great improvements in the camera technology and better mobile connectivity. Almost every smart phone has enough potential for normal photography. And super-smart phones which can do more have been used for so long. We see the mastery of capturing images in the Nokia Lumia 1020 which has 41MP camera sensor. In the 1020, Nokia pushes the smart phone camera envelope with a combination of raw image-capturing prowess which makes it one of the most artistically able smart phone cameras that has been tested. It is a smart phone with 1280x768 pixel resolution and pixel density of 334 PPI. So it is reported that when we have the phone we will recognize how fantastic the pictures we took are in terms of color, contrast and detail. The most highlighted feature is the very clear and sharp pictures that can be taken even in low lighted areas. 5.1 inches tall by 2.8 inches wide, the phone is all told a pretty standard size. At the back it has a large camera module which protrudes a full 0.51 inch from the phone’s face. That means it doesn’t lie flat on its back. However, it isn’t a big problem but just the opposite it is helpful for your fingers to adjust to grip its bulge. It is hand-friendly. Its AMOLED screen is super sensitive which makes it easier to operate. You can operate it with your fingernails or even while wearing gloves. Nokia Lumia 1020 is also available in black, white and yellow color options. Finally thanks mainly to reduced reflections on the screen. The screen is easy to use, even in bright sunlight and it offers wide viewing angles for the users.



Cure for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Disease Ezgi ÇAKIR

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a disease caused by the loss of nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord. These motor neurons are responsible for muscle movement and controlling it. Throughout the disease patients become totally paralyzed. This disease eventually results in death. However, there is now a cure for it. Dr. Hande Özdinler, an Assistant Professor at the Department of Neurology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, found a way to examine neurons which have been hard to individuate since they are very similar to each other. The method contains simple usage of fluorescent which makes it easier to recognize and study these neurons. This invention brings hope to patients who have been suffering from the disease.

Who is Dr. Hande Özdinler? Dr. Özdinler is a professor and the founder of the Les Turner ALS Foundation Research Laboratory in October 2008. The main purpose of the foundation is to control movement with connecting motor neurons in the spinal cord. The foundation will receive funding from the National Institute of Health. For their successful study with the Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cure, Dr. Özdinler and her team were awarded over 2.5 million dollars.






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