Special Hunter/Jumper Issue
Intercollegiate Rules & Recruiting
Barn Plans & Building Tips
BEACONWOODS STA B L E S
New Hunter/Jumper Facility Opens SOUTH GLASTONBURY, CT
Photo credit will be Parker/Russell-The Book LLC 2009
Greener Pastures Hereâ€™s How
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September 2011, Equine Journal, 5
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Built with the Strength of Steel and the Timeless Beauty of Wood
Features September 2011
Just Right Barn plans to fit your style and budget. By Kandace York
Effective Pasture Management Greener on Both Sides of the Fence By Nancy Humphrey Case
Melanie Smith Taylor Coming Full Circle
By Pamela MansďŹ eld
Timeless Classics Baroque Horses in Classical and Competitive Dressage By Carol Popp and Natalie DeFee Mendik
Veterinarians & Farriers Team Up to Resolve Lameness By Heather Smith Thomas
Equine Journal (ISSN. #10675884) is published monthly, with three additional special edition(s) published in March, June and October. The office of publication is located at 24 Water Street, Palmer, MA 01069. Periodicals Postage Paid at Palmer, MA (and additional mailing offices) POSTMASTER: send address changes to Equine Journal, 103 Roxbury Street, Keene, NH 03431. Subscriptions are $19.97 per year. (c) Turley Publications, Inc. 2007. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form without written permission from Turley Publications, Inc. The inclusion of advertisements in Equine Journal does not in any way imply endorsement or approval by Turley Publications, Inc. of any advertising claims or of the advertiser, its product, or its services. Turley Publications, Inc. does not assume any liability or responsibility for the contents of any of the advertising herein or for any transactions arising therefrom, for the accuracy of any claims or descriptions, or for the quality of any products or services advertised. Turley Publications, Inc.'s liability for errors or omissions in advertisements or advertising inserts shall be limited to the cost of advertising space in an amount equal to the erroneous advertisement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Turley Publications, Inc. shall have no liability for, and no credit shall be issued to advertiser for, errors that do not materially affect the value of the advertisement or where Advertiser is responsible for the error or omission.
8, Equine Journal, September 2011
WHEN ASKED WHAT SEPARATES US FROM THE COMPETITION, THESE ARE SOME OF THE EXAMPLES WE GIVE STALL BARNS
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Stall Barns, Riding Arenas, Storage Sheds, Run-in Sheds, Cupolas and Dairy Barns September 2011, Equine Journal, 9
Features September 2011
Rules & Recruiting Learn the steps that can make or break your admittance into the riding program of your choice By Audrey Humphrey
Pro Questions 106
Dressage Clare Long Clarity Dressage
Western Chris Culbreth Scottsdale, Arizona
Notes from Natalee
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September 2011, Equine Journal, 11
On The Cover
EDITOR Kelly Ballou • firstname.lastname@example.org Article Queries, Press Releases, Morgan, Western & Mid-Atlantic/Midwest News
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Consumer: Redeem this coupon at your retailer’s cash register for the brands and sizes speciﬁed. Limit one coupon per purchase. Coupon cannot be combined with other offers. Retailer: We will reimburse you the face value of this coupon plus 8¢ handling providing coupon is redeemed by the consumer at the time of purchase on the brands and sizes speciﬁed. Invoices proving purchases of sufﬁcient stock to cover presented coupons must be shown on request. Any other application may constitute fraud. Coupon void where prohibited, taxed or restricted by law. Consumer must pay any sales tax. Cash 31546 value 1/100¢. Good only in the U.S.A. Coupon may not be reproduced or transferred. Mail to: Central Garden & Pet Company, CMS Dept 71859, One Fawcett Drive, Del Rio, TX 78840 ©2011 Farnam Companies, Inc. 11-1172 5410510506 54600051 86621 34376 9 (8101)0 31546 1211 All trademarks are the property 5 of Farnam Companies, Inc.
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This 23 year old Thoroughbred has had “bad feet” since he began training as a 2 year old. His horn quality was so poor that he only went to the races once and finished tailed off. He was then expelled as unfit for training, and for the next 8 years was used as a hack. He couldn’t even cope with that, as his time in training had left the pedal bones of both his front feet with peripheral demineralization, called pedal osteitis. He then suffered an extensive horn infection which required a large area of both front hoof capsules to be resected. Thereafter, he has remained fairly sound with careful, regular farriery attention. However, his hooves were never strong and his feet have always had a tendency to splay or flare over his shoes. His heels remained collapsed, despite being fed the then-leading hoof supplement every day for 13 years. This product was replaced by Formula4 Feet in 2004; no other management or feeding changes were made. After only two months of receiving Formula4 Feet, the farrier commented, “What have you done to this horse’s feet, they are much stronger to nail to and more “uptogether”. Farriers are not always easy to convince of the benefits of hoof supplements. Sam’s farrier made his complimentary remarks unaware of the recent change to Formula4 Feet.
Now Sam didn’t know Formula4 Feet was developed by the Director of the Laminitis Clinic and Dr. David Frape, the father of equine nutrition. Nor that it is made from entirely non-GM ingredients, nor that it was extensively researched at the University of Berlin (a world renowned keratin research institute), nor that every batch is tested by the world’s leading equine forensic laboratory before being offered for sale, nor that it contains unique ingredients which help protect him against insulin resistance. He wasn’t aware that it is the only product with four specific, powerful antioxidants, nutrients which help promote vasodilation and others having anti-inflammatory properties. All he knew was that it tasted a lot better than what was put in his feed previously. In fact, Sam is so keen on Formula4 Feet that he will eat it from the hand. He also realizes that when his farrier comes to visit him every 5 weeks, he can now, for the first time in his life, stay sound without shoes (he has been unshod for a year). Sam is now a happier horse, as his feet no longer hurt and his coat is always shiny. He is fed no cereals, only feeds recommended by the Laminitis Trust, which he loves.
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NOTES FROM NATALEE
Trials Tribulations I
f you have three horses and two adult riders, how many saddles do you need? I’m sure many, if not all of you, can relate to the dilemma of saddle shopping. The shopping part is rather easy as manufacturers have provided endless options – adjustable trees, custom ﬁts, various ﬂap lengths, a variety of colors and styles, the list goes on and on. The hard part is getting the saddle to ﬁt both horse and rider while keeping the bank account in the black! To make it even more challenging, the most recent addition to our equine family, a ﬁve-year-old Half-Arabian/Oldenburg cross gelding is still growing, gaining muscle, and therefore, changing his body shape. The equine chiropractor keeps reminding me that the saddle that ﬁt him six months ago is on borrowed time. Keeping him comfortable so he can learn his job without soreness issues is a top priority, and so the saddle search continues. In an ideal world we would have one saddle for each horse, but what I ﬁnd comfortable to ride in doesn’t work for my daughter, Jenn. It’s too bad that there is no such thing as “one size ﬁts all” with saddles! Reader feedback via email and Facebook messages has been fast and furious lately. We posed a question online about what changes you would like to see in Equine Journal. While it’s not always possible to implement changes immediately, there was one change that we were able to accommodate. You will notice that within our regional breed and discipline news section, the photo size has been increased. This gives the pages a whole new look, and I’ll admit that I ﬁnd it easier to see who is in the photo now. Let us know what you think at editorial@ equinejournal.com or Fan us on Facebook (Equine Journal) to post your comments. The response to the August 2011 Pamela Mansﬁeld article, “A Closer Look,” on ways to determine lameness, has been positive. Inevitably, horses will take a funny step at some point. Keeping them sound isn’t an exact science, but science can help us determine how to get them sound again. If you missed the article in print, you can view it on equinejournal.com in our digital ﬂipbook at no cost. As I write this month, we are more than halfway through the calendar with ﬁnals, national championships and world shows heading our way. We are pleased to have partnered with many different events this year, including Fidelity Jumper Classic, New England Equitation Championships and the USHJA Zone 1 Championships. We were also sponsors of Lendon Gray’s 13th annual Youth Dressage Festival. This year was the largest turnout ever with 268 competitors and a higher percentage of ﬁrst-time exhibitors – an encouraging indicator about the growth of the sport within the ranks of riders 21 and under. Equine Journal has supported this event for many years now and we are thrilled to be part of the progress. What is even more rewarding is how much our support is appreciated. Every year after the event, our mailbox is ﬂooded with handwritten thank-you notes from the competitors. Often, they will even include drawings of their favorite horse. This is what makes it all worthwhile!
Yours In Sport,
20, Equine Journal, September 2011
September 2011, Equine Journal, 21
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
W Performesantecern: By Kandace York
Reining isn’t just for Quarter Horses. In 2008, stallion TA Khalil, owned Arabian by Craig and Carol Willett ridden by Thiago Sobral, was National Champion and Purebred Reining Futurity in the at U.S. Nationals. 80, Equine Journal,
August 2011 Photo: Rick Osteen
A Nontraditional Appro ach
Three nontraditional breeds prove that they have what it takes to succeed in weste rn performance event s.
he grey stallion lopes into the ring, breezing through circles, Andalusians are just sliding stops, rollbacks as comfortable under and spins. Then the ern saddles as they westannouncer calls him are under English into the middle of tack. “As with any breed, if the arena and chats they want to do it, with his rider, Steve Kutie. they’ll do it,” Kutie explains. Moments later, the The Andalusian’s stallion returns to work – intelligent, easy-going personalit now bridleless. It doesn’t seem y impresses him. to matter to him, “Just show them what though the crowd to do and they’ll watching notices the difference do it.” Reining isn’t the and cheers according only ly. Months later, talking comes easily to Andalusia western work that about that demo, Kutie credits the talents ns. “They’re the original cow horse,” of the grey stallion, he says, agreeing Ichibon DMF. with the theory that today’s Quarter Horse may Ichibon DMF? What have inherited its cow kind of reining horse sense name is that? that carried Andalusia from Spanish Mustangs n blood. Ichibon DMF (“Petri”) While it sounds odd is an Andalusian at ﬁrst, after some lion owned by David stalthought it makes and Theresa Whittaker sense. Compared one told the two-time . No to bullﬁghting – one of the Andalusia national reining champion that Andalusia n’s original purposes – separating a calf ns aren’t supposed from a herd is easy to be reining horses. and natural work. Kutie laughs. “He can run, he can stop he can spin. He can and do the work.” Dressage Roots He draws the respect of even the Quarter Today, Steve Kutie Horse-dominated is best known for National Reining ing and working reinHorse Association (NRHA) cow horse, but his community. Kutie training career started with says that when he goes to dressage horses in NRHA shows, the Ohio. He preferred western ﬁrst question he gets is, “Did you performance, though, bring the ‘Andy?’” moved to Texas so and he could be closer to the area he calls “the heart of horse country” “The Original Cow for western disciplines. Horse” Steve Kutie, of Bowie, Dressage remains Texas, didn’t seek a strong compone nontraditional breeds; out his training regimen, nt of the Whittakers brought however, whether Petri to him as a his horses are destined for three-year-old. “They’d dressage, reining him to 15 or 20 other taken or cutting. “Training is training,” trainers, but no one he quips. ed to take a chance wantOwners of nontraditi or ride him.” Ten years later, Petri Andalusians are receptiveonal breeds like is proof that to that approach. client just shipped “A a Lusitano to me, and he’ll
August 2011, Equine
Western Performance I loved reading about Morgans and Arabians succeeding in western performance events (“Western Performance: A Nontraditional Approach,” August 2011, pg 81). You always hear about Quarter Horses, but other breeds are more than capable of rising to the upper levels of reining, cutting and ranch versatility events. I compete my Morgan mare in team penning and am hoping to start showing her at some reining shows. She has great cow sense and is a lot of fun to ride! Thank you for a great article! Stacy Sutton Via Email
Something for Everyone I love your magazine. You always offer a wide variety of articles. There is something for everyone. I am a hunter rider, but I ﬁnd the dressage articles helpful in my riding, and the articles on horse care are always useful and informative. Keep up the good work! Claire Myers Via Email
Send your letters to the editor to: firstname.lastname@example.org or mail to: Equine Journal, 103 Roxbury Street, Keene, NH 03431
22, Equine Journal, September 2011
Going Green By Equine Facility Architect, Ellen Whittemore
Heating and Cooling an Indoor Arena with Geothermal Power The University of New Hampshire Equine Facility of the Future At UNH a research team (including members of my ofﬁce) is planning the Equine Facility of the Future. For the team designing a facility that uses only clean power is essential, and to this end, we have been evaluating the use of geothermal ground source heat pumps or heating and cooling the indoor arenas, and we would like to share with you some of what we have learned.
What is a Geothermal Power? The word geothermal derives from two ancient words: geo (earth) and thermos (heat), and as the deﬁnitions imply, geothermal power actually uses the ground as an energy source. This is possible because the earth’s temperature remains fairly constant ranging from 45 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit at a depth of about six
feet, and simply put, this energy can be drawn into a building for heat in the winter, and in the summer heat can be drawn out of a building and dissipated into the ground.
Ground-Source Heat Pumps The UNH design calls for a horizontal ground-source heat pump system where loops of piping are buried three to six feet
REG ION AL SEC TIO N
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Stand Out From The Crowd! Represent your entire Region and target your clientele with a cover page in the Equine Journal!
HORSE HEALTH at its BEST! It’s as easy as:
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Cadence™ Ultra is your feed for increased calories, digestibility and performance! This highly palatable sweet pellet has also been shown to be effective in the prevention of ulcers.
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Emerald Valley Shampoo will leave a natural shine to the coat and has enough of the botanical plant to promote healthy skin.
Mid April I received an e-mail and photos from Deb Gildea — she needed help with a horse she rescued. On April 29th Soplay started on Buckeye Cadence Ultra, Emerald Valley Tea Tree Oil Shampoo and Soothex Lotion. 4 weeks l later I received this e-mail and photos:
Hi Donna, What a transformation! Still a ways to go but he is doing great! The light is even coming back into his eyes!! Thank you for your help Donna in recommending the correct diet for him and for the skin plan. The Tea Tree Shampoo and Soothex lotion has worked wonders on that horrible rain rot. The lab results have shown it was indeed fungal. I'm down to two bags of food so I'll be paying you a visit soon. Thanks again!!! — Deb Gildea and Soplay 6 weeks into our journey with Soplay I received this: Hi Donna, Started him on Formula 4 Feet, check out Soplay's beautiful feet...as compared to his "coming home" feet! Also, what about that RUMP!! Looking rounder and rounder!!! He's really got some QH hind quarters going on. I looked at these pics and thought…WOW, he looks fantastic…as if I don't see him every single day! I will be in for more food…and advice…and laughs…when I get back from vacation! See you then
Success! All issues addressed and the horse is responding quite nicely. — Donna White
FOR INFORMATION VISIT
www.whitehavenfarm.com 156 Milford Street (Rte 140) Upton, MA • 508-529-4943/3384 Store Hours: Tuesday, Thursday & Saturday 9:00am – 2:00pm
Going Green below grade through which environmentally friendly antifreeze is pumped. During the winter the antifreeze, which has been heated by the earth, is piped into the building where compressors concentrate the energy, which causes the temperature to rise. From there, the antifreeze travels through a heat exchanger where air is heated by blowing it across the loops. The heated air is then distributed throughout the building via ducts. In the summer the system reverses and basically becomes an air conditioner that extracts hot air from the building and transfers it into the ground.
Considerations Geothermal systems are extremely clean as there is no combustion involved. They are sustainable in that they deplete no natural resources if solar power is used to run the fans and compressor. Geothermal power is plentiful and constant, unlike solar and wind power. Having no moving parts, these systems are easy to maintain and they avoid the dangers of ﬂammable fuels. On the other side of things, geothermal systems do have high ﬁrst costs and require additional work to winterize the arena (insulation, etc.) But, they can prove to be cost effective over time. Once the initial installation is paid for, your heating and cooling is free, and you can have the satisfaction of producing all of your power on site. So when you consider the beneﬁts for
the environment, yourself, your horses and the greater community, and the return on initial investment, you may, like the UNH team, decide that geothermal power is a great way to go green. I would love to feature YOUR green ideas and projects. Contact Ellen Whittemore at email@example.com Copyright 2011 Ellen Whittemore
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September 2011, Equine Journal, 27
BEACON WOODS STABLES By Susan Winslow
South Glastonbury, Connecticut
he attention to detail at Beacon Woods Stable in South Glastonbury, Connecticut, is the ﬁrst thing people notice, and it extends from the ﬁrst class amenities to the meticulous care of the horses. Built in 2010, the Tudor-style hunter/jumper show facility is reminiscent of an elegant French chateau, with its graceful lines, artistic pendant lighting and gables topped with whimsical cupolas. Owners, Laurie and Mick Paternoster, have spared no expense to offer horses and riders at Beacon Woods the very best in resources and comfort in a pastoral setting. Laurie delights in sharing the beauty and serenity of the farm with riders and visitors, saying, “Our dream for Beacon Woods has been that it is a place where owners know that their horses are well taken care of while at the same time having access to programs and facilities that allow them to pursue their equestrian goals, whether that is pleasure riding or competing at the local, regional or national level.” Laurie has overseen every aspect of the project to ensure that both horses and riders will have access to the very best amenities. The stalls range in size from 12’ x 12’ to 12’ x 14’ to accommodate all types of horses, and Laurie’s design ensures that each stall has a window. There are also two heated wash stalls, two veterinary stalls and a large tack room. Riders are treated to the same level of thoughtful detail in the large dressing room with a shower and a comfortable observation lounge. The 84’ x 204’ indoor arena is bathed in natural light as well as high tech ﬁxtures, and both the indoor
28, Equine Journal, September 2011
and 100’ x 200’ outdoor arena are equipped with state-of-the-art dust-free footing. Trainer and barn manager, Kris Bramley, has a warmth and friendliness that adds extra dimension to her professional accomplishments. Growing up on horseback, she has competed throughout her life and coached students to multiple championships, including the Pace University Equestrian Team that reached the nationals for the ﬁrst time in 11 years under her tutelage. She says, “I have always had a gift for ﬁguring out horses, and I enjoy working with owners to help them bring out the best in their horses as well. I get a kick out of working with the Short Stirrup kids and the Juniors as well as Amateur Adults. We have the facility and the program here to meet all their needs, from sales to boarding, training and competing, or just lessons on our incredible school horses. We are a high-quality barn, but there is also a relaxed, welcoming atmosphere here for riders of all ages and levels, and that adds something extra to such a ﬁrst class facility.” For more information on Beacon Woods Stables, visit www.beaconwoodsstables.com. Beacon Woods is located at 99 Beacon Woods Lane, South Glastonbury, CT 06073. Phone: 860-430-2606; Fax: 860-633-5499; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2, Equine Journal, February 2011
September 2011, Equine Journal, 29
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(Fucilazo Cen x Estepa Cen) Estepeno brings with him some of the most highly prized Cartujano and Military bloodlines. Estepeno has an outstanding halter career being named Champion or Reserve Champion in Open / Amateur Halter Classes at IALHA shows. Inquiries
HABANA XXV (Oleaje x Habanera XCII) Habana is the only daughter of Oleaje (Dressage Team Silver Medal - 2004 Athens Olympics) in North America.
Announcing for the spring of 2011 — the arrival of a very special foal. Our top mare — Habana, has been bred to Estepeno (owned by Noble Horse Farms). This breeding combines the blood of Olympic Champion Oleaje and the black 17h Cardenas stud stallion Delegado Mac.
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www.glenarynfarm.com February 2011, Equine Journal, 3
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National News Greenwich Park in London (GBR), the site of the equestrian Olympic Games in 2012, was full of excitement July 4-6 during the Greenwich Park Eventing Invitational (CIC**). The event has been hailed a huge success, but after a week of hectic activity, and three days of intense competition, it is now time to reﬂect in the aftermath. A key player in ensuring it all happened was Tim Hadaway, London Organizing Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games’ (LOCOG) Equestrian Competition Manager, who spoke about some of the extra challenges unearthed by the test run during the week. On Tuesday, following the thrilling cross-country phase, he said, “It’s been an interesting few days so far - it was encouraging just to get the horses here; that worked out really well, and we are very pleased with the stabling. We are monitoring the temperature in the stables on a daily basis and we are considering using mechanical ventilation next year. Today, we learned a lot about spectators. It was fantastic to see the school children enjoying themselves and making all that noise, but they also present big challenges – we may have to think a bit more about the width of the course itself and how we direct people around the Park.” FEI Veterinary Director, Graeme Cooke, was impressed by the huge support offered by members of the veterinary profession. He pointed out that the event has provided some food for thought. He said, “We’ve identiﬁed a few things we would like to examine further, including 32, Equine Journal, September 2011
The London skyline provided the perfect backdrop to the Greenwich Park Eventing Invitational (CIC**) – the equestrian test event for the 2012 Olympic Games.
fence distribution – the distance from one fence to another, especially where the horses experience strenuous activity coming uphill. In general, horse recovery rates were well within capacity, despite the fact that it was really very hot – that ensured that cross-country day really was a good test.” He was pleased with the Anti-Doping procedures, and stated, “We had the biggest Anti-Doping Team ever put together in the U.K. in action here this week. There was a training course for them last Sunday with some instructors from British Horse Racing included on the panel, and all this complements the new FEI approach to Anti-Doping – it’s all about education.” For LOCOG, the successful staging of the equestrian test event is something of a milestone. Debbie Jevans, LOCOG Director of Sport, pointed out that there is still work to be done. “There will be a debrief now between ourselves and the FEI – this was a test and there will be some
learning. The platform was a great success but, as always, the devil is in the detail. The initial reaction to the footing was that it was very successful. The cross-country will be technical. William Fox-Pitt said that it will be a real test of athleticism and that the ideal ‘Greenwich horse’ will need to be athletic and capable of focusing on a technically-challenging course. We have been respectful to the Park itself every step of the way – we have taken very great care to protect its integrity and we’ve had a ‘no dig’ policy, even taking the urine offsite with ducts from the stables. We will be opening the Park to the public as quickly as possible after the Modern Pentathlon takes place this coming weekend,” she explained. A year ahead, it seems that fans, athletes, ofﬁcials and everyone else involved in the 2012 London Olympic Equestrian Events can look forward to a Games to remember.
Photo: FEI Photo Catalogue
Olympic Test Event a Huge Success
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Rebecca Cagle, equestrian author and owner of Professional Life Coaching for Horse People based in Knoxville, Tennessee, announces that she will donate one dollar to the Equestrian Aid Foundation for each of her Kindle book’s sales during the month of July 2011. The books are Grieving the Loss of Your Horse: How to Survive Your Journey and How to Save Time and Money with Your Horse Veterinarian: Treat Your Horse Right! As a stage III breast cancer survivor, Rebecca endured chemotherapy, radiation, mastectomy and reconstruction surgeries and wants to give back to pay forward the many people who helped her in her time of need. “I do not know what would have happened to me without the help of a lot of caring people,” said Rebecca. “So I want to help other equestrians going through cancer and other life-threatening medical challenges.” To purchase the books on Amazon.com, go to http://tinyurl.com/ RebeccaCagleBooks
New Breyer® Model Sato, a dual-registered APHA and Jockey Club (TB) palomino overo stallion, will represent The American Paint Horse Association (APHA) in the 2011 Breyer Animal Creations model horse collection. Owned by April Wayenberg of Blazing Colours Farm, Wellandport, Ontario, Canada, the stallion is sired by Puchilingui (TB) and out of Springtime Girl (TB). The stallion’s unique color pattern caught the attention of Reeves International, parent company of Breyer, last summer. Known for producing foals of the sabino overo coat pattern, a trait uncommon among Thoroughbreds, Sato has gained recognition in the Thoroughbred industry. His foals have gone on to compete in eventing, dressage and hunter-jumper disciplines. The Sato model is available for purchase online and in authorized stores. More information about Breyer collectibles and the Sato model can be found at www.breyerhorses.com.
America’s Favorite Trail Horse TV Series The American Competitive Trail Horse Association (ACTHA) held auditions across the U.S. in April 2011 looking for ﬁnalists for America’s Favorite Trail Horse. Nine hundred contestants tried out for the ﬁnals. One hundred horse and rider teams, representing 36 states and 25 breeds, were selected to attend the ﬁnals at Franklin Family Ranch in Austin, Texas. America’s Favorite Trail Horse will air in 13 onehour episodes this September on HRTV and cable. The winner will be chosen by America’s vote! Viewers can vote for their favorite by going to wwww.actha.us! $100,000 in Prizes will be awarded! Visit www.actha.us/afth to view a clip of the show.
34, Equine Journal, September 2011
Find a Riding Buddy The American Competitive Trail Horse Association is dedicated to building a trail riding community where you can ﬁnd other trail riders in your area. This service is open to riders from all disciplines and is offered to both ACTHA members and non-members. This is a free service for everyone because the beauty in the sport is sharing the ride. Join the Find-A-Buddy Program and build your own trail riding community now! Visit www.actha.us to join the Find-A-Buddy Program.
Morton’s “Giving Away theLastFarm” year, Karl Janssen of Iowa won a Morton building valued up to $50,000. This year it could be you! Morton Buildings is again “Giving Away the Farm” this summer. Register for your chance to win a building, valued up to $50,000, at participating farm shows now through October 20. Visit mortonbuildings.com for more information.
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Groundbreaking Use Of Stem Cells HDNet “World Report,” the network’s Emmy Award-winning news program, recently presented an in-depth look at the revolution in stem cell research. World Report examined recent advances that are now being used to treat injuries in horses, with promising implications for human orthopedics. One near-miraculous advancement involves the repair of cartilage. Just like humans, horses frequently injure and rupture cartilage, and so far, such injuries are largely incurable. Traditional treatments only manage the symptoms, controlling swelling or limiting pain. But new stem cell developments may change all of that, for humans, eventually, as well as horses. Dr. Wayne McIlwraith at the Orthopaedic Research Center at Colorado State University believes stem cells – when harvested and manipulated correctly – can re-grow cartilage. The challenge is to control what kind of tissue gets built, and to be able successfully recreate the process in the body, not just in the lab. McIlwraith also says that this research may very well lead to huge advances in the treatment of human injuries, too. As Dr. Bill Rodkey of Vail, Colorado’s Steadman Philippon Research Institute tells World Report, “I think the possibilities are absolutely unlimited…”
Horses Hit the Air Waves The maiden broadcast of The Horse and Friends Radio Show was successfully launched. The guest on the ﬁrst show was two-time Grammy nominated singer/song writer, Mary Ann Kennedy, who is also an accomplished horsewoman. Future guests will include trainers, veterinarians, authors, singer/song writers, etc., all who share a common love of horses. To reach a vast number of listeners and horse lovers, the radio show is launched from various venues, to include YouTube, Ivory Pal’s Facebook page (over 30,000 fans), and the Nashville Newzine website (with over 2 million hits). You can listen to the maiden broadcast, as well as future broadcasts, of The Horse and Friends Radio Show at: http://nashvillenewzine.com/horseradio/index. html. Another new radio show is The Horse Radio Network (HRN), Equestrian Legends, a twice-monthly exclusive interview that is unique in online broadcasting. Equestrian Legends will feature the greatest names in the horse world from around the globe with personal interviews exploring the depth and breadth of their lives. The Horse Radio Network, can be heard on the Equestrian Legends website at www.equestrianlegends.com and on HRN afﬁliate websites in 43 countries. It is also available as a free podcast downloadable on iTunes and Zune.
Free Horse eBook Mandee Widrick, creator of Horse Family™, has released a brand new eBook entitled, 10 Tips for First Time Horse Owners. This eBook, now available for free download on the Horse Family™ website, is a compilation of 10 tips for novice riders who are looking to purchase their ﬁrst horse. The eBook covers topics such as: prepurchase veterinary exams; general riding safety while shopping; how to ﬁnd a trusted horse professional; acquiring records and history of the horse, and red ﬂags to watch for when dealing with sellers. To download 10 Tips for First Time Horse Owners, visit http://horsefamilymagazine.com/eBook. You may also learn more about Horse Family™ on Facebook at http://facebook.com/horsefamily.
NARHA’s New Name The professional organization that promotes equine-assisted activities and therapies to improve the lives of people with disabilities has a new name: the Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship International (PATH International). Formerly NARHA (North American Riding for the Handicapped Association), PATH International better expresses the scope of the 42-year-old organization whose 6,300 therapy horses and 3,500 instructors serve 42,000 children and adults with physical, mental and psychological challenges at 800+ member centers around the world. The PATH International board and members chose the term therapeutic horsemanship because it more accurately conveys the organization’s numerous disciplines. PATH International centers now offer equine-facilitated psychotherapy and learning, therapeutic carriage driving, interactive vaulting, hippotherapy, competition, and programs for leadership, team building and stable management. In addition to many physical disabilities such as cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, multiple sclerosis, paralysis, stroke and traumatic brain injury, PATH International centers work with those with autism, attention deﬁcit disorder, anxiety and depression, and have targeted programs to help at-risk teens, injured veterans and military personnel, seniors with Alzheimers and victims of domestic and sexual abuse. For more information, visit www.pathintl.org. 36, Equine Journal, September 2011
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Just Right! Barn plans to ﬁt your style and budget.
ouldn’t it be wonderful to have your horses in a barn designed just for them (and you)? Getting there can be a rocky road though. This month, three horse-savvy builders share tips to make your next project even better – whether you’re thinking big, small or somewhere in between.
Small Barns “It doesn’t have to be big to be beautiful.” So says Richard Pitman, owner of Center Hill Barns in Epsom, New Hampshire. He has more than 30 years’ experience in construction and horses to back up that statement. “You can really make a smaller barn classy without spending a lot of money, if you know about architecture and construction.” One of the easiest ways to upgrade a small barn is through 38, Equine Journal, September 2011
Each of the 12’ x ’12 stalls of this 36’ x 36’ barn include at least one external door, one window and a 10’ overhang to protect the horses from extreme weather.
Photos Courtesy Center Hill Barns
the use of natural lighting and ventilation: doors, windows and gable-end overhangs. They’re not just for “air and sunshine,” he says; they also add curb appeal. He cites one Center Hill barn, just 36’ x 36’, which utilizes many of these features. Each of its 12’ x 12’ stalls includes at least one external door, one window and a 10’ overhang which protects the horses from extreme heat, wind and rain. Windows in the gable-end sliding doors, above the doorframe, and in the loft invite even more light. The reason for all those windows and doors is simple. “We have long winters!” Pitman says. Careful placement of windows and light panels help make those long winters more bearable, decreasing electric and heating costs. A six-foot long light panel on the southeast side of the building, he says, “generates noticeable solar heat in the winter when sun hangs low in the sky.” The opposite is true in the summer, when the sun’s angle is sharper; then the panels let in light, but by the time the sun is high enough to create heat, it’s already past the windows.
The barn’s smart design also includes a feed room and two open spaces, each 12’ x 12’, which can be used for storage or later ﬁnished out as stalls. The aisle is a spacious 12’ wide, with steps leading to an overhead loft. The barn is an ideal ﬁt for busy owners who want their horses at home but also need an efﬁcient design that allows the horses to be outside much of the time, even if the owners aren’t home. Opting for a smaller “footprint” saves more space for the horses’ pastures and riding areas. Even with a small structure like this one, Pitman recommends “doing your homework” in the planning stages so your construction project goes smoothly. Working with your local township ordinances and involving them in the process early will minimize problems along the way. Keep your neighbors in the loop, too. If they balk at the idea of a horse barn, he suggests reminding them that horse farms are good alternatives to housing developments taking up precious green space.
September 2011, Equine Journal, 39
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Photos Courtesy Circle B
This 36’ x 60’ ﬁve-stall barn includes ﬁve stalls along one side of the barn, while the other side features two open bays (which can be used for storage or left open for later conversion to stalls), a wash rack, a feed room and a tack room. A full loft above offers additional storage.
Medium Barns Linda Weatherbee has seen horses housed in everything from a two-stall outbuilding to a “big, beautiful, highquality stable.” As director of sales and administration for Circle B, based in Lancaster, Massachusetts, she says neither small nor big barns guarantee a design that works well for horses and people. For horse owners planning to “plus up” their horse barns, it is easy to think that more space always equals better choices. Instead, she suggests keeping things simple and avoiding “a lot of fancy options” that sound impressive but may not actually serve a purpose. One of her recent projects – a 36’ x 60’, ﬁve-stall barn – illustrates those principles at work. The ﬁve stalls lie along one side of the barn. The other side features two open bays (which can be used for storage or left open for later conversion to stalls), a wash rack, a feed room and a tack room. A full loft above offers additional storage. Leaving spaces unﬁnished is an option for owners who may be undecided about how to use the spaces, or who may face unexpected budget increases elsewhere and need to postpone extras. “You can save $2,000 to $3,000 for every stall 42, Equine Journal, September 2011
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anyhow?â€? She does recommend three â€œextras:â€? cupolas, stairs and at least one heated space. â€œA vented cupola moves air around so nicely,â€? she says. â€œItâ€™s not just ornamental; it helps keep your hay fresh.â€? Stairs (as opposed to ladders) are a big safety plus. â€œPeople say stairs take up too much room, but you can use the area under the stairs for storage.â€? And, heated tack rooms are more than cozy, she says; they provide a healthier environment for your leather and a welcome respite from cold-winter chores.
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you donâ€™t put in now,â€? she says. The key factor is ensuring you have the right-size â€œshellâ€? in place. â€œI have never had a customer come to me and say, â€˜I wish I had built a smaller barn.â€™â€? Outside the barn, the â€œstall sideâ€? offers an overhang for the horses to enjoy fresh air and light through their Dutch doors while still having protection from harsh weather. Common sense along the way will help you create a medium-size barn that makes the most of its size. Think hard about what you will need the most. Do you really need an indoor wash rack, for example? While it sounds luxurious to bathe a horse indoors, â€œunless you are part of a bigger show stable, are you going to be bathing your horse when itâ€™s really cold outside
be in the barn all the time.â€™ For that client, boarding was really a better option.â€? Even though that wasnâ€™t happy news, it saved the client from spending many thousands of dollars building a barn in a space that would not provide all the amenities required for keeping horses properly turned out. Georgia Hickey, of King Construction, says a good dose of reality is useful in any building project. â€œWork with someone who has been through this before. The design and planning are the most important elements for a facility that works. Also, get the advice and direction on where the budget will head, remembering site engineering and excavation.â€? Otherwise, she says, â€œIt can get to be more than you were expecting.â€?
This monthâ€™s three barn-building experts offer key advice. Richard Pitman, of Center Hill Barns, warns of putting a light panel on the north side of a barn. â€œDonâ€™t waste your money putting it there; itâ€™s not going to draw light.â€? Putting a lean-to or overhang on the south side of a barn, likewise, has a darkening effect. Linda Weatherbee, of Circle B, says one part of being a responsible builder is â€“ sometimes â€“ delivering disappointment. She recalls one customer who wanted a barn built on a property that sat on pure ledge rock. â€œWe told them, â€˜We can put up a barn for you, but your space is so limited that there will be no room for paddocks and your horses would
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Photos Courtesy King Construction Company
Beacon Woods Stables in South Glastonbury, CT, features a 24-stall barn with an indoor arena, a hay storage building, an equipment garage with two apartments and a manure transfer station.
Big Barns Who hasn’t, at some point, dreamed of having a huge barn? Georgia Hickey is a lifelong horse owner, breeder and exhibitor, and she saw many large-scale facilities as she has campaigned her Quarter Horses nationwide. For the past 12 years, she has designed equine facilities of all sizes for King Construction in New Holland, Pennsylvania. One of her recent projects is a 24-stall barn for a hunter/ jumper stable. Even at that size, though, she says, “form really follows function.” To make the owners’ showing, training, sales and boarding activities easier, the barn opens into an indoor arena on one end, with a courtyard design for the other end. Hickey worked with the owners to design a structure of separate “wings” to accommodate simultaneous activities. That means four wash/ 46, Equine Journal, September 2011
groom racks, two feed rooms and separate spaces for tack, trunks and blankets. The separate spaces were her idea. “When you have show horses, every horse has ‘umpteen’ sheets, blankets, etc.,” she explains. “One blanket bar in front of the stall just isn’t going to be enough.” Twenty of the barn’s stalls are 12’x12’; four are 12’x14’. Stalls sport Dutch windows, rubber mats, fans, automatic waterers and solid stall partitions with “gossip grilles” separating the horses.
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The barn also offers four wash racks; two of them have overhead heat, and one has a recessed utility sink for veterinarian, dentist or farrier use. Hay is stored separately, which is not only a ďŹ re prevention practice but also â€œprovides a great environment for horses â€“ a lot of natural light and ventilation. Because there was no hay loft, we could go with big, high, open-vaulted ceilings.â€? While horses were the primary focus of the structure, Hickey says the barn is designed for efďŹ cient human use, too. There is a viewing lounge with a kitchen. Two restrooms are available, including one with a shower and dressing room. â€œWomen come directly from work or bring a child directly from school,â€? she says. â€œThey might want to change clothes to ride, or they might want to shower before they go home.â€? Large projects like this one often come with large surprises, too. During construction, the crew encountered â€œan enormous amount of rock, much more than anticipated.â€? To mitigate those extra excavation expenses, the owners rented a rock crusher and reused the rock as gravel around the barn. Even so, permit processes for such a large-scale project are â€œnot for the faint of heart,â€? Hickey says; they can last more than a year in some areas. But she adds, â€œMost horse people are really determined to have their horses. They stick to it.â€? â– scan this code with your â€œsmartâ€? phone to learn more, or visit us online.
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By Nancy Humphrey Case
Management Greener on Both Sides of the Fence
Photo: Carien Schippers 50, Equine Journal, September 2011
n the days when most animals were grazed continuously on the same pasture, the grass was always greener on the other side of the fence. Turned out on the same pasture day after day, week after week, horses eat their favorite plants down to the ground while allowing unpalatable weeds to ﬂourish and reseed themselves. Their hooves also compact the soil in their favorite places to loaf, especially as such areas turn to mud in wet weather. In this scenario, the pasture becomes less and less able to feed the horses, unpleasant, unhealthy to both horses and the environment, and even potentially dangerous when slippery. Fortunately, there has been a lot of research in recent years that has developed the science of pasture management into a workable system that any horse owner can utilize to turn tired, unproductive lots into thriving, nutritious pastures. Doing so can reduce feed bills, give your horses a diet more suited to their digestive systems, and make them calmer, happier, and more agreeable. Best practices in pasture management also promote the health of the natural environment, reducing soil erosion and improving water quality. The system revolves around the basic principle that grass will thrive if given a chance – i.e., if the pastures are not overgrazed, which can kill desirable species, and if they’re mowed regularly, which discourages weeds. (Brushy pastures can turn lush in two or three seasons just by regular mowing!) To avoid overgrazing, subdivide your available grassland into smaller paddocks, and rotate your horses on and off each paddock so the pasture can have a chance to recover after being grazed and to grow to an optimum height before being grazed again. This simulates what happens in the wild, where herds of grazing animals feed in one area for awhile and then move on.
How Does Your Grass Grow? The growth of plants is fueled by the sun hitting their leaves, so the more leaf area a plant has, the faster it will grow. A limited amount of the energy plants get through photosynthesis is stored in their roots. So, if a plant is eaten down to where it has more stem than leaf area, it will grow back, but its growth will be slow at ﬁrst, and having to draw carbohydrates from its roots will weaken the plant. A good rule of thumb is to put horses on pasture that is six to 10 inches high, and take them off that paddock as soon as you see any areas less than two or three inches high. According to Dr. Rachel Gilker at the Center for Sustainable Agriculture, University of Vermont, plants eaten down that low will start to regrow after three days. It’s crucial for them not to be eaten again until they’ve replenished the reserve energy in their roots through leafy growth. Moving horses to a new paddock every three days is ideal, Dr. Gilker says. In any case, she emphasizes that you must give your pastures a chance to rest after being grazed, even if it means limiting the number of hours per day your horses are turned out on pasture. Otherwise, Dr. Gilker says, your pasture will turn into “a putting green with weeds.” Depending on the time of year, it can take anywhere from two to six weeks for grazed pasture to recover. It
may be tempting to put horses back onto a paddock before it has fully recovered, but consider this: your land can produce up to 40% more forage if the plants are maintained in their vegetative (leafy) stage. Depending upon your horse group numbers and available acreage, Dr. Betsy Greene, Extension Equine Specialist at the University of Vermont, recommends dividing your pasture into six to 12 paddocks and letting your horses graze each one for a week (six paddocks) or three days (12 paddocks) – or until you see areas eaten down to two or three inches. To avoid sudden swings in your horses’ diet, limit the number of hours per day on pasture, if necessary, rather than turn them out all day for several days and then keep them in the barnyard on hay until a new paddock is ready for grazing.
What’s Best for Your Horses? In laying out your paddocks, keep in mind that horses prefer rectangular spaces to square spaces, because a long shape allows them more room to run. “Turning horses out to pasture is not only for the purpose of feeding them. They need a place to run and buck and play, too,” says Dr. Greene. Balancing this need while not damaging pastures can be tricky. If you have sufﬁcient acreage, Dr. Gilker suggests creating a “racetrack” around the perimeter of your grassland, and dividing the interior of the track into wedge-shaped paddocks with access to the exercise track. (Just be sure not to create acute corners where a horse could get trapped by a dominant horse. Rounded corners are best.) Or, create a rectangular strip down the middle of your land, with a row of paddocks on either side. Sharon Ahern of Haveran Hill in Morrisville, Vermont, has developed a thriving grazing system for three horses on her farm’s 10 acres of pasture. One of her strategies is portable fencing. Designed in New Zealand, the brand she uses is very easy and quick to move. It has step-in posts and 1/2” braided rope wire that Sharon can unreel without getting out of her all-terrain vehicle. “I can literally move a fence line in about ﬁve minutes,” she says. “And I can make an alleyway so the horses can come into the barn any time. I have total ﬂexibility.” To avoid one of her horses gaining too much weight on her lush pastures, Sharon moves the fence line over a few feet daily, so the new paddock includes some forage in its leafy stage (high-protein) and some in its stemmy, reproductive stage (high-ﬁber). This practice is recommended by the University of Vermont Extension as being healthiest for your horse.
Too Many Horses Per Acre? There is a limit to how many horses your pasture can support. A good rule of thumb is one to two acres per horse. However, with very careful management, it is possible to give your horses some good pasture with a lower acreage/horse ratio. East Hill Farm in Plainﬁeld, Vermont, keeps over 30 horses on 17 acres of pasture divided into 30 paddocks. Each horse is turned out onto a healthy pasture for about three to four hours per day. In 2003, the farm was named Vermont Conservation Farm of the Year September 2011, Equine Journal, 51
Photo: Carien Schippers
East Hill Farm installed drainage systems in wet areas of their pasture and in four all-weather paddocks, which have no grass but provide a well-maintained place to turn horses out year round. Finally, Ruth makes sure all the pastures are limed and fertilized every other fall. Lime raises the pH of soil, and if the pH is too low, plants cannot access nutrients in the soil, even if the soil is fertile. To determine if your pastures need lime or nutrients, have your soil tested by your local University Extension. If any areas of your pasture need renovation and you plan to overseed or reseed, Northern Virginia Soil and Water Conservation District recommends using a high-quality seed mix with a low percentage of weed seeds. They also point out that composting your horse manure will kill weed seeds in the manure. A good rule of thumb is to put horses on pasture that is six to 10 inches high, and take them off that paddock as soon as you see any areas less than two or three inches high.
for its success in maintaining good pasture and the water quality of a nearby stream. Ruth Poulsen, owner of the farm, explains what her strategy is. Her response indicates the many facets of proper pasture management: “Don’t turn horses out in the spring until the soil is dry and ﬁrm,” she says. “Mow regularly and rotate grazing. If I see anything lower than two to three inches, I close that paddock and mow it to a height of four to ﬁve inches. We also pick manure out of the smaller paddocks.” In larger paddocks, you can either break up clumps of manure by mowing, or even better, drag a chain harrow behind your tractor.
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Sacriﬁce Paddocks There will be times of year – late summer and fall in northern climates – when even two acres per horse will not support all-day turnout. And, no matter how much acreage you have, there will be times when you will want to keep your horses off pasture altogether, such as in the spring when the ground is too
Equipment Needs Pete Schwartz of Pete’s Equipment in Morrisville, Vermont, is a lifelong horse owner and rider. For effective pasture management, he recommends the following equipment: Drag Harrow – like a chain link fence with two- to three-inch ﬁngers on one side. Breaks up manure and rakes grass in preparation for mowing. (Can also be used for smoothing arenas.) They are available 6’ to 25’ wide. Mower – ﬁnish mower attachment for tractor, which ﬂoats to follow ground contours, or rotary rough-cut mower attachment (bush hog); for small paddocks with smooth terrain and no stones, you can use a compact tractor with a belly mower or a lawnmower set at four or ﬁve inches high. Hopper – for top-dressing pastures with lime or fertilizer, or for seeding pastures; can be pulled behind an allterrain vehicle. For smaller paddocks, a walk-behind, push hopper can be used. Other useful equipment: Roller – drum with spikes for aerating soil, relieving compaction. Composted Manure Spreader – ground-driven drum pulled behind tractor; simple and less-expensive than machine-driven spreaders. (Thoroughly composted horse manure can be spread on pastures as fertilizer. See www. o2compost.com.) Tractor with Front Loader – loading manure spreader, moving fencing materials, or removing stones from pasture (besides pulling attachments). Please note: Gas-powered machinery is not the only option for pasture maintenance. The work may be done with a sturdy horse or pony. An increasing number of small farmers are using horses for at least some of the work on their farms, and training programs and equipment are available. For information on horse-drawn implements, start with www.farmingwithhorses.com.
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Photo: Donna Kilday
drained, remove several inches of topsoil and lay drainage pipes. Then put down a layer of geotextile fabric (like burlap but made of plastic). Add a layer of stone (¾” or larger), cover with another layer of geotextile fabric, and then ﬁnish with a top layer of stone dust or “dirty pea stone.” The University of Vermont has found this system very effective in reducing mud and ice in sacriﬁce paddocks and high-trafﬁc areas. Whatever system you design to increase your pasture’s productivity, be sure to make changes to your horses’ diet gradually. A good pasture management system To avoid overgrazing, subdivide your available grassland into smaller paddocks, and rotate your horses on and off each requires careful thought and planpaddock so the pasture can have a chance to recover after being grazed and to grow to an optimum height before being grazed again. ning, discipline, and perhaps an initial investment. But, the payback is virtually guaranteed. Your pastures will improve, reducwet and when the horses’ digestive systems cannot handle more ing your feed bill, and your horses will be healthier and happier. than 15 to 20 minutes of grazing per day. For more information, visit: Enter the concept of the “sacriﬁce paddock.” You sacriﬁce www.uvm.edu/pasture a little of your pasture, fencing in a barnyard or other small area asci.uvm.edu/equine/publications.pdf for conﬁning your horses, in order to protect the rest of your paswww.fairfaxcounty.gov/nvswcd/newsletter/horsepasture.htm ture. Sacriﬁce paddocks should be well drained to avoid turning www.umaine.edu/grazingguide to mud when wet. If your sacriﬁce paddock is not naturally well www.njaes.rutgers.edu/horsepastures ■
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By Pamela Mansﬁeld Photos: Nancy Jaffer
Melanie Smith Taylor Coming Full Circle
f you had to name one person in the equestrian world as your role model, who would it be? Many riders and trainers are worthy of admiration for their athletic and teaching ability, but a select few rise above the others for their gift of sharing their talents, intuition about horses, and amazing experiences in such a way that their inﬂuence is easily taken to heart by anyone fortunate enough to beneﬁt from their guidance. Melanie Smith Taylor is surely one of the greatest role models today for hunter/jumper riders, and while the pinnacle of her successful international show jumping career was winning the 1984 Olympic Team Gold Medal, her sixth sense and appreciation for the horse reaches across all disciplines. Inducted into the Show Jumping Hall of Fame in 1998, she has dedicated herself to horses, but perhaps never with as much inﬂuence as now. Since coming out of retirement a few years ago,
56, Equine Journal, September 2011
she helped launch the U.S. Hunter/Jumper Association’s Emerging Athletes Program, which is instrumental in shaping the international riders of tomorrow. In her key role as co-chairman, she helps riders work on the intricate details of riding and horsemanship that shape the accomplished equestrian. You might say Melanie’s lifelong career with horses has come full circle with the EAP, allowing her to help the horses she loves by helping riders to better understand them and become better horse people. Every phase of her life has been touched by her own special mentors who had this ability – from her mother to horseman Buck Brannaman, trainer George Morris, and her late husband, Lee Taylor. Something Melanie laments is that today’s riders – with hectic show, school, and social schedules - don’t have the time to learn from horses by being with them
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Melanie Smith Taylor and one of her USHJA Emerging Athlete Program groups.
for quality time together. She grew up on a farm in Tennessee, where her mother ran a successful riding school with a barn full of ponies and horses that Melanie rode and cared for daily. As she grew older, she helped with training the young horses, participated in Pony Club, and even rode horseback to school and to the grocery store. Her mother, Rachael Smith, had ridden Western on her Iowa childhood farm and learned hunt seat mostly through a great deal of reading and riding on her own. A natural horsewoman, she gave her daughter an excellent foundation. Melanie started competing successfully in local shows in the mid-south, but with little exposure to the mainstream hunter/jumper and equitation scene. When she was in her late teens, she and her mother heard that George Morris was giving a clinic in Knoxville, so they went. Thrilled with the opportunity to ride with Morris, she attended his clinics for the next three years and asked to train full time with him, but he always said no, mostly because Melanie was past the age limit for junior riders. It was only recently that the amateur jumper division had been formed. Through sheer tenacity and raw talent, by age 20 she was ﬁnally able to realize her goal and train with Morris as a working student at his 58, Equine Journal, September 2011
farm in New York. She commuted from Tennessee to compete on the east coast and the three winter shows in Florida, and her skills in the new jumper division were awarded when her horse, The Irishman, won Amateur Owner Jumper Horse of the Year. “It was a great division for me to develop my skills,” she reﬂects. “I had never ridden in jumpers before. I went on to ride in my ﬁrst Grand Prix in 1971 at the Gold Cup - now the American Invitational – in the Tampa stadium! It was incredible.” With Morris’ help, she eventually found sponsors and her path to success was a steady one. She was named American Grand Prix Association’s Lady Rider of the Year in 1978, and by convincing the AGA that women could compete equally against men in the sport, she was also named Rider of the Year. Her horse, Val de Loire, was awarded AGA Horse of the Year. Melanie kept going strong, winning the “Triple Crown of Show Jumping” – the American Invitational, the International Jumping Derby and the American Gold Cup on her way to the top. She found her next horse, Calypso, in Holland, and her sponsors bought him at the beginning of what was to become a new trend of importing European warmbloods for sport. Just
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Melanie Smith Taylor riding Cane at home in Tennessee.
16 hands “if he stood on his tippy toes,” and looking a bit like a chubby Thelwell pony if she didn’t work hard to keep his weight down, Calypso, under Melanie’s special touch, captured the individual Bronze Medal in the “alternate Olympics” in 1980, the year of the boycott. Four years later, they got their chance to compete again in Los Angeles with the magical U.S. team with Conrad Homfeld, Joe Fargis, and Leslie Burr-Howard that won the Olympic team Gold Medal in 1984. Her beloved horse was at the very top of the sport with her. “I was the only person who ever jumped him throughout his career. We got him as a four-year-old, and I developed a special bond with him. If it were our day, I knew he could jump and win over any course in the world; he was that fast and that clever and that careful.” But Calypso belonged to the sponsors, and Melanie Continued on page 64
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rode for another three years and then retired from competition in 1987. She married Lee Taylor at his Wildwood Farm back in Germantown, Tennessee – in the barn, of course! Unbeknown to Melanie, Lee tracked down and purchased her Olympic mount, Calypso, for her wedding present. She kept him at home, enjoying the ﬁelds, pond, and a full life until the horse died at age 30. Lee, a polo player, had raised and trained lovely Thoroughbreds for polo, hunter/jumper, and pleasure riding since the 1960s, and there were about 100 horses on the farm in its heyday. He shared his passion for natural horsemanship with Melanie, and his friends Buck Brannaman (the original “horse whisperer” now the subject of the new motion picture, Buck) and Buck’s mentor, Ray Hunt, gave clinics every year at the farm. Lee never stopped honing his horsemanship skills and sharing his enthusiasm with Melanie. “Lee loved horses. He was a great student of the horse and believed in giving them every chance to be the best they could be. He was a real advocate for the horse and believed that horses are like they are because of what humans have done to them. It’s a huge lesson to learn, and I try to teach that now to students who have horses that have issues. I try to help them understand how those issues got there and that we have to help that horse be successful rather than allowing him to fail.” Melanie thrived in this environment. Lee, Brannaman, and Hunt “really helped me understand how a horse thinks and how a horse feels on the inside and how much of a responsibility that is for us as riders to have more respect for the animal and their natural instincts – it just made me more aware of the horse.” They were so enthusiastic about their approach, that Melanie says, “Our goal was to establish a foundation school, but my husband died before we were able to do that together; so after he passed away, I talked with different people about starting a program for young people that really encouraged horsemanship.” She would start by gradually getting back into the sport she had loved. Throughout her marriage and retirement she had stayed connected as television commentator for several Olympics, as a course designer, and as a judge. She was coaxed back onto the scene when she was asked to coach the ﬁrst USET Developing Young Riders tour, and she accompanied the very ﬁrst team in 2007 through the experience of representing the U.S. on an international team. One of the four riders named to the 2007 team was Eliza Shuford-Hucks, a trainer herself at Rock House Farm in Hickory, North Carolina, who remains in contact with Melanie today. “When you meet somebody like that, you want to keep her in your life,” Eliza says. “We hit it off right away. We shared the same thinking about keeping the horse happy. When you’re in competition, horsemanship can get forgotten in all the hustle and bustle. She was a breath of fresh air.” Melanie’s inﬂuence made a difference for Eliza, who found her to be “a great, humble and kind person who is honest and true to what she says.” The team won the Nation’s Cup, and Eliza continued with Melanie’s help 64, Equine Journal, September 2011
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through the remainder of the young rider’s division. In September 2007, she won the Grand Prix at the Hampton Classic on her stallion Larentino. The pair made a bid for the 2008 Olympics until they were sidelined with an injury. Melanie’s inﬂuence, no doubt, is still felt as Eliza rides, trains students, and raises the offspring of Larentino. Melanie returned to help another successful Developing Young Riders Tour in 2008, and then turned her attention to the dream she had shared with Lee of teaching horsemanship to young riders before they got too swept up by the constant rush of competition. With the help of the U.S. Hunter/ Jumper Association, she established the Emerging Athletes Program that she co-chairs with Sally Ike. Melanie is back on the weekly traveling cycle now, ﬂying out nearly every week to be with the students who are selected for the EAP after completing an application Melanie Smith Taylor teaching at home in Germantown, Tennessee. similar to those required by colleges. College student and rider, Kate Haley, was selected in 2010 for the Emerging Athlete’s Program and found that even though Melanie was the clinician only for the ﬁrst level, her dedication is such that she is on hand and coaching her EAP riders through each of the three levels that progressively take the students through more challenges and learning. At the third level, some of today’s top riders, like Peter Wylde, are the clinicians. It was The the ﬁrst time Kate had met Melanie, and she said, “She is very friendly and personable. She’s very speciﬁc in what she wants, same but she takes time to explain. She’s really good about getting to great know you and said she also learns something new from each of us.” Because Melanie put emphasis on the horse’s perspective, treat Kate says, “Now I think about how the horse thinks.” In May that we this year, Kate rode with the IHSA team at Centenary College, and the team won their national competition. No doubt the private label progressive and concentrated 30 days of riding with the EAP, is now available in a learning to think more about riding from the horse’s perspective, and beneﬁting from the coaching of the top clinicians in 3 oz and 1 lb bag. Get your the sport helped her escalate her riding ability, along with the “We are proud and honored horse some Nickers today! other EAP students who will likely be among the top competito have been chosen as the tors in future years. official horse treat of the Amidst this busy one-on-one schedule that takes Melanie Fidelity Jumper Classic!” across the country as clinician and team coach at the various EAP clinics, she has completed a soon-to-be-published book about riding with life lessons from the horse. For anyone who wants to beneﬁt from her knowledge, this book will be a treasure of the philosophy she developed just by absorbing all she ANIMAL TREATS could from her equine and human teachers. ■
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Stone Horse Farm J
ust a short 45-minute drive from the Farmington Valley, is an equestrian haven where world-class trainers and beautiful facilities come together to create Stone Horse Farm. For almost six years now, the Selldorff family has run this successful barn with a plethora of winning horse and rider combinations; recently Nick DeCosta, of Bermuda, joined the Stone Horse team as the head trainer. DeCosta offers an impressive mix of being an exceptional rider as well as a wonderful coach and instructor. Barn owner, Jamie Selldorf, expands on his talent, “Nick is great with the riders. He has a nice demeanor and is very encouraging. He also has a great sense of what the horses need and how they should be trained.” DeCosta has ridden and worked with some great horsemen, including Olympic riders Eric Lamaze and Mac Cone, Lesley Howard and Molly Ashe. In addition to DeCosta, Timmy Kees, Molly Ashe, and Chris Cawley all come to the farm to teach lessons two to three times a week. Timmy, an AHSA “R” Judge has trained numerous riders to win the ASPCA Maclay, USEF Medal and USET Equitation Finals, as well as Championships at Devon, Washington, Harrisburg and New York. In addition to winning numerous Grand Prix and World Cup qualifiers, Molly won the 2002 World Equestrian Games USET selection trials, the East Coast World Cup Standings, placed second in the Nation’s Cup World Finals and was a member of the 2007 winning Nation’s Cup Team. This exceptional team of trainers offers riders a unique training opportunity. From winning equitation finals to Olympic training standards, they offer a breadth of knowledge that is unsurpassed in the area. The riders at Stone Horse Farm are also coached by this unique team of trainers as they travel up and down the east coast. Selldorff explains, “We show from Lake Placid to Wellington, mostly A and AA rated shows and attend all of the major equitation finals and national shows.” Their junior riders have been extremely successful, with Selldorff’s daughters being at the forefront of the action. Lexi and Samantha are both talented riders, winning classes at large shows such as Capital Challenge, Lake Placid, and championships at Vermont Summer Festival, HITS, OxRidge and Old Salem. But don’t think the Selldorff girls only dedicate their time to riding, both are exceptional students. Samantha begins her college career at UPenn this September, while Lexi maintains a 4.0 average at Miss Porter’s School. Jamie Selldorff tells us, “It’s very important to us that the girls be well-rounded. In addition to riding, they both volunteer at a therapeutic riding center and work part time.” Lexi made an impressive decision this summer, taking three-weeks off of her busy schedule to attend an accelerated engineering program at UPenn. Being a rider is only part of the package at Stone Horse Farm. Helping young horse enthusiasts become considerate and respectful adults is the true mission. For more information about how you can become a part of the Stone Horse team, visit www. stonehorsefarmct.com or call 860-874-3427.
68, Equine Journal, September 2011
Photos Courtesy of Stone Horse Farm
Timmy Kees, Molly Ashe-Cawley & Nick DeCosta at
TRAINING TOP LEVEL RIDERS IN A RESPECTFUL AND COLLABORATIVE ENVIRONMENT
Stone Horse Farm in Litchﬁeld, CT Molly Ashe-Cawley – winner of 2002 World Equestrian Games USET selection trials, East Coast World Cup Standings, numerous Grand Prix and World Cup qualifi ers. Placed second in Nation’s Cup World Finals and member of the 2007 Winning Nation’s Cup Team.
Timmy Kees – an AHSA “R” Judge has trained numerous riders to win the ASPCA Maclay, USEF Medal & USET equitation finals as well as Championships at Devon, Harrisburg, Washington and New York.
Nick DeCosta – Owned and operated Inwood Stables for over 10 years. Worked with Doug Russel – US Pan Am team rider and Mac Cone & Eric Lamaze – Canadian Olympic Riders.
Please call or check our website for our upcoming clinic schedule. (860) 866-6689
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(860) 874-3427 September 2011, Equine Journal, 69
Herbsmith, Inc™ By Catherine Girard
undreds of years of Chinese theories and two-and-half decades of herbal use and perfection in veterinary clinical settings, have synthesized to form Herbsmith Inc.™, a Wisconsin company owned and founded by Chris Bessent, DVM, that offers animal owners and veterinarians the highest quality herbal supplements available in the nation for horses, dogs and cats. From the soil the herbs grow in to the finished bottles going out the door, Herbsmith Inc. monitors every step of the process, using only proven, trustworthy suppliers, holding themselves to the highest ethical standards and abiding by the most stringent testing and manufacturing guidelines in the world. “The concept behind all of our formulas is that each formula seeks to address the underlying issue rather than just cover up what’s going on,” explains Megan Dischler, Sales Manager. “Dr. Bessent developed all of our formulas over 25 years of practice. All of our supplements are very, very safe. Every formula goes through a 2- and 3-tier testing program, both on-site and through third party testing. We stand behind the fact that there are no side effects with any of our products, which is great because some of the other products on the market can have negative side effects. For example, our Acute Trauma formula addresses aches and pains in the horse, with no negative side effects.” The company offers eight different herbal supplement blends for horses: Serenity, Acute Trauma, Impulsion, Impulsion with Composure, Impulsion with Vitality, Energy, Athlete, and Sound Horse Viscosity. “Sound Horse Viscosity, our joint formula, is an extremely comprehensive joint sup-
plement. The herbs for the joint supplement include glucosamine, chondroitin, hyaluronic acid, and MSM for creating viscosity. The majority of the supplements on the market don’t have enough of these active ingredients to make a difference. Our supplement has the maximum amount of ingredients. We’ve seen some really wonderful results with this product,” continues Megan. “All of our herbal supplements are also available with ground flax added to them in our Flax Plus line. Flax has omega 3s in it, which is great for the skin, hair and cardiovascular health! It also makes the supplements even more palatable.” The supplements carry the National Animal Supplement Council seal of approval, and are now available in convenient tack box sizes! SoundHorse Herbal Liniment, new in this years lineup, contains the same herbs as in Acute Trauma supplement, in a quick acting, gentle formula that is great for sensitive skinned horses. A sample of the liniment will be awarded to each competitor at this year’s Dressage at Devon as part of the company’s generous sponsorship program, which also includes HITS in Saugerties, New York. Herbsmith Inc. supplements are distributed through retailers both internationally and nationwide. The company’s comprehensive website, herbsmithinc.com, has a page to help customers find their nearest retailer. The company also offers over 200 herbs and blends to veterinarians through their veterinary website, herbsmithrx.com. They look forward to meeting everyone at Equine Affaire in Massachusetts this November! Website material used with the permission of Megan Dischler.
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household name in the equine industry, Tipperary Equestrian has become a leader in one of, if not the most, imperative aspecst of the equine enthusiast – safety. In 1981, Phoenix Performance Products began a simple endeavor to help protect riders. Today, the company is the largest supplier of protective vests in the world and is the only fabricator based in North America. They are also the only maker capable of producing true custom products, including custom colors and sizing. Leslie Newton, sales and marketing manager, explains, “David Anderson bought the business 12 years ago. We are Canadian and located just outside of Toronto. Tipperary and the rodeo brand, Phoenix, reach virtually every horse nation in the world. Phoenix/Tipperary is committed to providing equestrians with innovative protective equipment designed on an athlete centric platform, complimenting all disciplines around the world.” A brilliantly designed product, Leslie says that while Tipperary is always evolving, the innovative design remains timeless and cherished by all riders. “One of the original designers, Carolyn Morshead, just gave us one of the original “Eventer” designs!” Leslie says with excitement. “The concept has remained the same for all this time.” Customers are drawn to the comfort and fit the vest provides because it respects the motion and agility of riders as athletes. With the ever-increasing demand for standardized product, Tipperary will be making this vest compliant with the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard (F2681-08). “ASTM International is one of the largest voluntary standards development organizations in the world – a trusted source for technical standards for materials, products, systems, and services,” says Leslie, who explains that Phoenix uses ASTM criteria as a product development “recipe” to make standardized vests and helmets. The products are tested in an independent lab to be sure they meet the criteria of the standard written by the ASTM. In addition to fulfilling these standards, the company also seeks the certification of the Safety Equipment Institute (SEI) for its products, providing each customer with the utmost in testing and quality. A well-known presence in all disciplines of the equine industry, Tipperary sponsors the Canadian Eventing Team along with Young Riders – and last year sponsored the U.S. Endurance team at the World Equestrian Games. “We support a myriad of small competitions and organizations that value safety the way we do and invest in the growth of equestrian sport,” Leslie says. “Since 2009, Tipperary 72, Equine Journal, September 2011
has been going through some changes. An exciting new team is in place aiming to re-energize the trusted Tipperary name. Kate Shepherd, Sarah Fortin and I are all riders. We focus on paying respect to the company’s history, but are exceptionally committed to moving forward. New ideas have been nurtured and exciting new products are on the horizon to meet ASTM and British Equestrian Trade Association (BETA) standards.” Customers will probably notice some new trends in Tipperary products while browsing the shelves at their local tack stores or perusing online. “Tipperary expanded into helmets with a fantastic fit and ventilated model called the Sportage,” says Leslie. “On its third generation, the 8500 has a drop back shell for added coverage, superior ventilation and a flexible visor.” And for all you competitors out there, Leslie says to be on the lookout for the new T-Series show helmets coming this fall. Through the MyTipperary™ program, riders can dream up anything they would like embroidered on their vests – a perfect idea for all barns and organizations, birthdays, or special occasions. “Tipperary customers are loyal and pass on their passion to the next generation of young riders,” says Leslie with pride. “Incredible quality and comfort coupled with earnest customer service, makes owning a Tipperary special. Top riders love this product and many a riding parent is retelling stories of ‘The Day my Tipperary Saved Me’ stories. We love them all,” she says sincerely. For more information on Tipperary Equestrian and Phoenix Performance Products, please visit www.phoenixperformance.com.
Photo: Rein Photography
By Carol Popp and Natalie DeFee Mendik www.mendikmedia.com
Timeless Classics: Baroque Horses in Classical and Competitive Dressage
port or art? Dressage is a tradition steeped in history, yet competitive dressage has a modern edge as well. How do these two elements work together? What role have Baroque horses played in the development of dressage? Classical and competitive dressage rider, Carol Popp, leads us through a timeline spanning centuries.
Early History & Evolution To get a sense of dressage’s history you have to look back. Way back. Xenophon, a contemporary of Socrates in ancient 74, Equine Journal, September 2011
Greece, wrote the earliest known texts on the subject of dressage, which date back to the 4th century B.C. At that time, however, what Xenophon was developing as “dressage” was simply good riding that was fair to the horse. What we now know as the Andalusian can be traced back to that time period as well, as mounts of Alexander the Great. While Xenophon was already espousing correct and humane riding in ancient times, dressage was derailed during the Dark Ages and Middle Ages, which called for heavy horses capable of carrying armored knights into battle.
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The equestrian arts didn’t reach their heyday until the Renaissance, Baroque and Victorian eras. At the end of the Middle Ages, The Enlightenment, which characterized the Renaissance, spread to horsemanship as well. During the Renaissance, an interest in the old Greek and Roman classical ways ﬂourished. With the classics in mind, trainers began to develop their own art of riding. The emphasis shifted toward light horses that were capable of collection, lateral movements and airs above the ground. Haute e’cole, the “high school” of classical dressage, took center stage among the nobility of that era. During these centuries, many riding masters developed theories of correct horsemanship using Xenophon’s treatises as a taking-off point for producing literature that is still honored today as the foundation of dressage. Humane training, whose hallmark was lightness of aids, became the style of day. This time period also ushered in the foundation of the great classical riding schools in Europe: the Spanish Riding School (Spanische Reitschule zu Wein) in Austria, The last decade has seen Baroque horses trickling in at not only the highest levels of world competition, but at the local level as well. The success these horses are enjoying is causing the Cadre Noir in France, the Royal Andalusian School people to take a second look. of Equestrian Art (Fundación Real Escuela Andaluza del Arte Ecuestre) in Spain, and the Portuguese School cavalry ofﬁcers. The tests were different from what is performed of Equestrian Art (Escola Portuguesa d’Arte Equestre) in today. For example, there was no piaffe and passage. Rather, Portugal. The tradition of classical horsemanship is carried on there was a strong similarity to what was performed on the patoday at these riding schools. rade ﬁeld. Jumps were included at the end of the test. The horses The term “Baroque horse” refers to the many breeds that were expected to display qualities integral to military horses, inwere developed during the Baroque period, which dominated cluding bravery, obedience, precision and ridability. Europe after the Renaissance, from the late 16th through the earOver time, as horses lost their military importance, dressage ly 18th centuries. These breeds include the Andalusian, Lusitano, became sport. In 1952, women and civilians were permitted to Lipizzan, Friesian and more. The idea of Baroque horses links compete in Olympic dressage. As modern dressage had a cavalry the elegant and classical style, characteristic of Baroque horse background up to this point, warmbloods dominated; the warmbreeds, with the similarly extravagant style of art, ornamentablooded army mounts became the standard. tion, and music that ﬂourished at that time. Baroque breeds were Today, competitive dressage encompasses every level from lighter in frame and stature than earlier ﬁghting horses. These most basic Introductory and Training levels through Grand Prix. horses were suited for the new, reﬁned style of riding. No airs above the ground are performed in competition. Riders Baroque breeds of horses were sought after for centuries of all ages compete on every breed imaginable. Any horse is caby people far and wide. Their intrinsic value lay in their steady pable of performing dressage. nature, ridability, maneuverability, bravery and hardiness. They The difﬁculty lies, however, in the standard of horse that were originally desired for belligerent purposes as battle horses, judges are seeking. Baroque horses and warmbloods move difbut developed over time into an art form in their own right. ferently from one another. Warmbloods are known for a longer, ground-covering stride, whereas Baroque horses display more elThe Debate: Classical Versus Competitive evated action of knees and hocks. Warmbloods were developed The question of classical dressage or competitive dressage is in the 19th century for size and ground-covering efﬁciency. Their a contemporary issue. militaristic jobs included carrying scouts cross-country at top Modern competitive dressage derives from the natural evoluspeed, and pulling caissons and supply wagons equally well. The tion of classical dressage, coupled with the demands placed on stylish “Baroque movement,” which was suited to close combat, military horses. would simply not have been useful in the19th and 20th century Prior to World War I, warmbloods were developed in cavalry. Due to this historic development of competitive dressage Europe through the crossing of native horses with Thoroughbreds from the European breeds in the past century, dressage judges and Arabians, producing the variety of warmblood breeds we see typically favor horses with warmblood-like gaits, which have betoday. These horses were used by the military as messenger and come the standard today. reconnaissance mounts, as well as for pulling supply wagons. The dressage test should be measured on merit of training, These military horses, which were no longer needed for direct which improves any horse’s gaits. Judges must be able to evaluate combat, required versatility, including the ability to jump crosshorses based upon their training and the quality of their gaits as country as needed. The cavalry continued to ride in formation, individuals, recognizing that each breed moves differently, but for which modern, Third Level work was performed, albeit with such differences do not make one more correct than the other the reins in one hand, freeing the other hand for holding weap– just different. onry. The last decade has seen Baroque horses trickling in at not Dressage made its Olympic debut in 1912, admitting only 76, Equine Journal, September 2011
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September 2011, Equine Journal, 77
FEATURE derstanding and personality to dictate the progression of training. These are classical principles that are easily applied to competitive riding. The ubiquitous training pyramid common to competitive riding has been proven to work, yet classical riding allows for deviations from that guideline, when appropriate, to accommodate the needs of individual horses.
Modern Meets Baroque
During the Renaissance an interest in the old Greek and Roman classical way of riding ﬂourished. This time period also ushered in the foundation of the great classical riding schools in Europe, such as the Spanish Riding School, depicted here in this 1773 painting by Bernardo Bellotto.
only the highest levels of world competition, but at the local level as well. The success these horses are enjoying is causing people to take a second look. Whether a rider chooses to show or not, he or she must allow the horse’s conformation, strength, suppleness, level of un-
What place does the Baroque horse have in the modern world? There is no doubt that dressage goes hand-in-hand with the grace of the Baroque breeds, with their centuries-old ties to the art of classical riding. The qualities of Baroque horses are just as relevant today as in the past: a steady disposition, beauty, intelligence, trainability and ridability. It should be noted that in the Grand Prix and the Grand Prix Special, 50 percent of the score is accumulated in piaffe, passage, canter pirouette, and transitions into and out of these movements. It is precisely this highly-collected work that the Baroque horse is bred to do. The shorter-coupled conformation of Baroque horses provides tremendous balance and collection, as well as a lower center of gravity, making piaffe, passage and canter pirouette easier for them than for their taller, longer-backed warmblood cousins. In addition, they are particularly suited to the largest demographic of dressage riders today: the adult amateur. Easy to sit, comfortable and safe to ride, capable of the highest levels of dressage along with hacking out in the trail – there’s no doubt that Baroque horses are an ideal mount suited for the modern rider’s needs. People are seeing Baroque horses in new light and enjoying what Continued on page 84
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80, Equine Journal, September 2011
September 2011, Equine Journal, 81
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Classical in Connecticut Carol and Charles Poppâ€™s Hidden Bridge Farm in RidgeďŹ eld, Connecticut, offers lessons, training and boarding focused on the well-being of the horse and education of the rider. Carol Popp has a unique background in multiple disciplines and styles. Poppâ€™s show-jumping career featured numerous regional and national titles through Grand Prix. In the dressage arena, Popp has garnered over eighty United States Dressage Federation Horse of the Year and All-Breeds awards on various breeds from Training Level through FEI. Popp also had the remarkable experience of having trained under many well-known masters of the Spanish Riding School in Vienna, and longtime mentor, Dr. Max Gahwyler, well-known FEI judge and clinician; and, she was one of few civilians who has had an opportunity to ride in the Great Hall. In addition, she is a certiďŹ ed Classical Dressage Ridersâ€™ Association Trainer and Test Administrator at Grand Prix level. While she works with all breeds, her ďŹ rst love is Lipizzans. â€œLipizzans are steady in personality, easy to train and have conformation which makes it easy to do the dressage work, especially ultra-collected work,â€? notes Popp. â€œThey are easy-keepers, especially devoted to their people and fun to work with.â€? Visit Carol Popp and Hidden Bridge Farm online at www.carolpoppclassicaldressage.com.
they see. Take your time and enjoy the journey. The success and goaloriented nature of the modern world makes people want everything too quickly. This puts too much stress on young horses, with forceful shortcuts such as Rollkur and harsh training equipment. Todayâ€™s ďŹ nancial pressures push breeders to bring their prospects to Grand Prix by age eight. The horses suffer and become unsound, both mentally and physically, before they have had a chance to develop to their true potential. The Old Masters allowed the individual horseâ€™s needs to dictate how long it took to achieve the highest levels. Itâ€™s fun to train the horse. The progress doesnâ€™t come overnight. Whether a warmblood or a Baroque horse, the horse still needs that consideration.â–
~ ANDALUSIANS & LUSITANOS ~
~ Standing ~
Crescendo De Magico Palomino Lusitano Stallion IALHA registered
Neo De La Luz Andalusian Stallion ANCEE & IALA registered Owned by Mark & Cheri Thompson
Contact Jennifer Shedosky, cell 815-213-1401 Email at Jen@alittlemagiclusitanos.com Website www.alittlemagiclusitanos.com
Standing at CADO FARM Private treaty to approved mares, Andalusian and other
Demonstrated aptitude in dressage Superb gentle temperament Outstanding Work Ethic Excellent gaits Proven sire
PRE Andalusian Stallion, Approved. (Regidor RW x Encarada II). 1994, rose grey, 15.3 hands.
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I Want To Dance With My Horse! T
here are more and more riders today, especially women, who want to learn how to ride in a light and balanced way. They are not interested in riding big, powerful gaits, or performing ground-covering extensions. Their preference is to relax and glide from one movement to the next with the ease and fluidity of a ballroom dancer. They dream of someday experiencing that floating, soft, cloud-like fantasy ride. Simply put, they want to feel as though they are dancing with their horse. Up until now there has not been a recognized venue that rewards and/or addresses these needs, however, an inspiring competition is being introduced that offers riders a way to learn and improve, while enjoying a very special and creative journey with their horse. This competition is called The Baroque Equestrian Games©. It embodies the original techniques and exercises of classical equitation as practiced in the Baroque schools of horsemanship when artistic riding reached its zenith. The purpose of The Baroque Equestrian Games competition is to help riders understand and experience this system of training, which was conceived out of an age that revered beauty, nature and art in all of its forms, including horsemanship. Therefore, the goal of this competition is to demonstrate the art of classical horsemanship and be rewarded for the qualities to which it aspired. This resourceful competition was created by Tina Cristiani Veder and Bruno Gonzalez of Caballos de los Cristiani. Being open to all breeds, they believe that every horse and rider can benefit and improve by correctly practicing the progressive exercises and patterns of the tests of the competition. There are three Sections, or Segments, to The Baroque Equestrian Games. The first is The Classical Schooling Section©. It includes four Phases (levels) of Training beginning with walk and trot, and ultimately progressing to the High School Phase, which embraces full collection. Each Phase of Training includes three tests, which are comprised of exercises designed and practiced by the classical masters themselves to create a horse with balance, suppleness, and selfcarriage, and to produce a rider with proficiency, finesse, and grace. The Classical Schooling Section determines what Phase of Training the horse and rider will be entering in the following two Sections of the competition. It employs a different scoring system than competitive
86, Equine Journal, September 2011
dressage and puts emphasis on different criteria. The Baroque Equestrian Games Section© is next. It employs certain games and maneuvers practiced during the Baroque period to test the training of the horse and the skill and accuracy of the rider. Nothing in the Baroque Games Section is timed. As in all the tests, the goal is to present a picture of grace and harmony by the rider, and relaxation and effortlessness by the horse. If done correctly, the maneuvers and exercises in the Baroque Games Section will improve the capability of the rider, while increasing the responsiveness and correctness of the horse. The Presentation Section© is the third Section. It is the showcase of the competition. It gives the rider and horse a way in which to express unity and harmony by creating a costumed, musical freestyle that is reminiscent of the gala equestrian displays of old. The Presentation Section honors classical equitation as a performance art. It is limited only by one’s imagination and eventually will be open to teams or quadrilles. The Baroque Equestrian Games is being introduced this year through demonstrations and schooling shows. Judges certification is underway. The first demonstration was at the Region 6 ERAHC show held in Mt. Holyoke, MA, on July 22-24. It was enthusiastically received. It is the hope of its creators that The Baroque Equestrian Games© will act as a vortex to connect modern horsemen to the heritage and knowledge of a time-honored system that created the most beautiful movements that have ever united man and horse. In the words of Ralph Waldo Emerson, “The Creation of Beauty is Art.” Therefore, we pose the question, shall we just ride or…shall we dance? For more information about The Baroque Equestrian Games, go to www.baroquegames.com.
September 2011, Equine Journal, 87
Photos Courtesy Animal Imaging
By Heather Smith Thomas
Veterinarians & Farriers Team Up to Resolve Lameness
n many instances, hoof and leg problems can be best resolved with a team effort – the veterinarian and farrier working together for proper diagnosis and treatment – especially if the treatment requires special trimming or shoeing. Donna White, of White Haven Farm in Upton, MA, specializes in foot problems and products that are helpful for equine feet. For 30 years, she has run a retail and mail order business. One of her main goals is helping horse owners take better care of their horses’ feet. “Hoof problems are becoming a major part of my business,” she says. She uses several veterinarians and one farrier. “The veterinarians and farrier I send out to my clients work well together, and it’s always a team effort. We all talk about each case – and I keep the client on board. There are always four of us – the vet, the farrier, the client and me. Our team effort, over the years, has pulled some horses out of the grave and given them a second 88, Equine Journal, September 2011
chance at life,” says White. She feels it’s very important for owners to get their veterinarian and farrier involved in lameness issues. “The most success I’ve seen with laminitis or any other foot problem is when they work together. You must have a proper diagnosis to begin with, and the veterinarian can take radiographs that can help guide the farrier in the proper angle for a foundered foot, for instance,” says White. “Many people think it will be cheaper to just have the farrier change an angle or toe. But, the farrier may not be able to determine the actual angle (of the cofﬁn bone, for instance) without a radiograph.” The angle may be vastly different from what you’d guess from just looking at the foot and not knowing the depth of the sole. If a person thinks he can get by with just having the farrier guess at something, it’s trial and error. “How many times can you
September 2011, Equine Journal, 89
FEATURE rip off the shoe and re-nail it before you ﬁnd out you were 60 degrees off rather than 6? There may not be much foot left by then. It may take weeks or months, and the horse is still suffering, whereas it could have been quickly and easily resolved if radiographs had been taken at the beginning.” In the long run, it’s cheaper to do it properly the ﬁrst time, and much better for the horse. “All that time, the horse is suffering, so the owner gives painkillers. If the horse is loaded up on Bute or some other anti-inﬂammatory drug, this may damage the stomach. Then, the owner has to buy ulcer medication,” says White. Dr. Jake Hersman (Animal Imaging, Irving, Texas) says, “If the farrier notices a gait abnormality, he or she visually evaluates the foot and looks at how the horse is moving, and uses hoof testers to get an idea of any painful areas in the hoof capsule. This may provide a diagnosis, and perhaps the foot can be balanced and shod with an easy solution. “The farrier’s initial visit would involve evaluating the horse’s conformation, heel angle, sole depth, medial-lateral balance, foot ﬂight and other clinical parameters. If the lameness is puzzling, however, localizing the soreness is important before embarking on a shoeing plan. This is where the veterinarian needs to be involved, to further deﬁne the site of the lameness with a series of nerve blocks.” But, nerve blocks may not always determine the cause of lameness. Sometimes advanced imaging, such as radiographs, ultrasound or MRIs, are needed. Hersman continues, “One of the things we’ve learned after doing MRI evaluations on horses
An MRI image can reveal injuries that wouldn’t show up on a regular X-ray, such as a severe bone bruise.
Continued on page 94
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You don’t need advanced imaging on every horse that takes a bad step. But, sometimes advanced imaging and consultation are needed to come up with the diagnosis, especially if the horse is still facing the same issue after the ﬁrst attempts have been made to try to deal with the foot problem.
✦ Over 30 years experience in the breed ✦ Sales of trained show and recreational horses ✦ Lessons for youth and amateur riders ✦ Training for the show ring or trail ✦ Proud participant of the 2010 World Equestrian Games in the Paso Fino demonstration, Fianza de Herencia with Charlie Minter, trainer and rider, owned by Bill Francis At Heritage Farm & Stables we offer one of the most comprehensive programs in the breed, from breeding services with our nationally competitive stallions to training services for pleasure and trail riders, plus everything in between. Our horses are bred, handled, and trained to be suitable for amateur and youth riders to enjoy. We welcome the opportunity to introduce you to the Paso Fino Breed.”
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94, Equine Journal, September 2011
is that it’s important to get a deﬁnitive diagnosis as quickly as possible. You don’t need advanced imaging on every horse that takes a bad step. But, some high-level athletes – whose owners want to keep them sound for a continuing athletic career – need advanced imaging and consultation to come up with the diagnosis, especially if the horse is still facing the same issue after the ﬁrst attempts have been made to try to deal with the foot problem. “If the horse is lame, and a nerve block localizes the pain to the foot (and X-rays are normal), the veterinarian may then prescribe a common-sense shoeing regimen to help the horse. The farrier may do a good job of applying that shoe, yet three weeks later, the horse is still lame. At that point, it may still be OK to try something a little different. But, here at our clinic, we often see horses come in after seven or eight months of trying different plans that are still not working.” The horse may have a severe bone bruise, which is something that won’t show up on an X-ray. The farrier or veterinarian would have no idea it was there unless they utilized another form of imaging. In Hersman’s opinion, the most important indication for advanced imaging is a horse that does not respond to initial treatment. “Most of the horses that come to our clinic for advanced imaging have normal radiographs, yet still have a persistent lameness,” says Hersman. Whether it’s the veterinarian or the farrier who sees the horse ﬁrst to evaluate a lameness problem, it’s helpful when they can work together to resolve a difﬁcult problem, or to monitor progress of a speciﬁc plan. Hersman continues, “The initial part of solving any hoof problem is for neither party to try to do it alone. Working together to try to ﬁgure out the basic abnormality, as well as a resolution, can be very beneﬁcial.” ■
RidersRaspâ„˘ - Safe for the Horse and Horse Owner A conventional farrierâ€™s rasp is difďŹ cult to use and best left to a professional. It needs two hands to operate, requiring the user to stand with the horseâ€™s foot between their legs, often bearing the weight of a leaning horse. When used by a non-professional, a conventional rasp can also remove too much hoof wall, which can cause soreness, lameness and compromise the hoofâ€™s balance. RidersRaspâ„˘ is the ďŹ rst tool of its kind designed speciďŹ cally for horse owners to sustain and support hoof balance and soundness. RidersRaspâ„˘ allows users to safely and effectively round their horseâ€™s hooves to retain and prolong balance between professional trims and improve the overall condition of a horseâ€™s hooves. â€œRounding the hoof wall is a fundamental step in all trimming and is crucial for maintaining hoof form and soundness,â€? explains W.J. Tomlinson, the American Farriers Association CertiďŹ ed Journeyman Farrier who developed the unique RidersRaspâ„˘. Rounding encourages symmetrical growth and maintains the hoof capsuleâ€™s correct balance by eliminating ďŹ‚ares and dishes. Typically, rounding is done by a hoof care professional, but now you can supplement your horseâ€™s hoof care regiment with RidersRaspâ„˘ between trims for healthier hooves!
It is easy to use with one hand, allowing the user to stand beside the horse without bearing the horseâ€™s weight. It also protects the userâ€™s hands from the sharp teeth of the rasp and allows them to conďŹ dently round the hoof wall, without the worry of removing the hoof wall. RidersRaspâ„˘ features an ergonomic design that ďŹ ts all hands, a soft grip with no slip sides to protect hands for the rasps, and rasps that are designed for rounding, not removing hoof wall. RidersRaspâ„˘ uses medium ďŹ nish ďŹ les, which are great for rounding or beveling the hoof, maintaining hoof form without the risk of removing too much hoof. RidersRaspâ„˘ is an â€œemery boardâ€? for the hoof. Safe for the rider, safe for the horse. The rasps are 52 Rockwell hardness. The protective plate is stainless. Save money without compromising care. In the time it takes to pick up your horseâ€™s feet, you can save money. Rounding with RidersRaspâ„˘ every 2-3 weeks lengthens trimming intervals, requiring a professional trim every 7-8 weeks, rather than every 5-6 weeks, without compromising the balance and quality of the horseâ€™s foot. Fewer trimmings each year means large cost savings! For more information, visit www.ridersrasp.com/originalridersrasp.htm
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96, Equine Journal, September 2011
By Audrey Humphrey
Rules& Recruiting Learn the steps that can make or break your admittance into the riding program of your choice.
ollege planning is an exciting time for all potential students who are deciding where they are going in terms of career paths and lifestyle. While academics are usually of the utmost importance, nowadays students don’t have to choose between academics and athletics – plenty of fantastic schools offer excellence in both. For this reason, consideration should be taken early in a student’s high school career to become familiar with what choices are available for pursuing a riding program in college, and learning the steps that can make or break entrance into the riding program of choice.
Organizations of Importance
Photo: Lindsay Rose
While the Internet will provide a vast amount of information on which colleges offer riding programs, familiarizing yourself with some of the major college associations will assure some ease in navigating the waters of the recruitment process. The Intercollegiate Horse Show Association (IHSA) was established in 1967 and today offers over 300 member colleges that allow riders of all experience levels and ﬁnancial statuses the ability to participate in horse shows. Students ride horses that are furnished by the host college and chosen by drawing lots – personal tack is not used and schooling is not permitted, equalizing the playing ﬁeld for all students, male and female. Famous alumni of the IHSA include Beezie Madden and Greg Best (just to name a couple). The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is sometimes thought of more like that of a varsity team, where coaches recruit (if there is any interest in an NCAA September 2011, Equine Journal, 97
varsity team, visit that school’s athletic department website and ﬁll out the potential recruit questionnaire that is available on most sites – this will help get the ball rolling). Currently, only female riders are recruited in NCAA Equestrian, which emerged as a sport in this organization in 1998. There are a multitude of rules that prospective students should be aware of, such as registering with their Eligibility Center, reviewing the NCAA amateurism rules, and applying for an amateur certiﬁcate depending on the guidelines for that division. According to ofﬁcial NCAA recruiting information online, “Coaches may receive telephone calls from prospective student athletes at any time…[but] are not able to return [the phone calls] to students prior to July 1 of their senior year in high school…coaches are able to send out written information, including email, to students beginning September 1 of their junior year of high school.” While the IHSA does not hold speciﬁc amateur status rules or recruiting guidelines, the NCAA’s policy is very detailed and also differs from that of other organizations, such as the United States Hunter Jumper Association (USHJA), or the United States Equestrian Federation (USEF). Therefore, it’s deeply important to investigate and follow procedures if a student is applying to an NCAA program. It’s also vital for prospective students never to forget that both programs are looking for solid academic backgrounds, so a decent GPA and good SAT and/or ACT scores will play a large role in recruitment as well. Other notable intercollegiate riding associations that maintain their own rules and processes are the National Intercollegiate Rodeo Association (NIRA), American National Riding Commission (ANRC), and the Intercollegiate Dressage Association (IDA).
98, Equine Journal, September 2011
Photo: Celeste Karpf
A good beginner or novice level rider is sometimes more sought after for an IHSA team than an open rider, as often a solid, lower level rider will be harder to ﬁnd than an open rider. It’s important for high school riders to be aware of this and not feel pressured to rush or force their way to a level where they are not successful.
Coeducational, Boarding and Day School Grades 6-PG 541 Long Beach Road Nissequogue, NY 11780 631-686-1600 ext. 414 September 2011, Equine Journal, 99
Amateur Status – What Does That Mean Again?
Meet you in the driver’s seat. You are in control. How swiftly you go is up to you. We will provide you with the horsepower to get there– the resources, the hands-on expertise to become leaders in the industry.
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Harness your career at Morrisville State College. Grab the reins and make it happen.
100, Equine Journal, September 2011
It’s no secret that amateur status can get confusing at times, not to mention all the different riding programs, organizations, and sanctioning governments that come along for the ride in intercollegiate programs. Deciphering the codes of bylaws, literature, and unwritten “rules” in dealing with recruiters can cause headaches and stress that nobody needs when looking toward the fun and experience that college can offer. Roxane Lawrence, Executive Director of the Interscholastic Equestrian Association (IEA) in Cleveland Heights, OH, says that for all those trying to understand amateur status, “An amateur is clearly and very speciﬁcally deﬁned in the USEF rulebook – in abbreviated and simpliﬁed terms, an amateur is an adult horseman who does not receive any kind of remuneration for riding, teaching, or training.” So, will prize money affect the chances of a student competing in college? The answer is yes – and no. Since each organization has different rules and regulations on amateur status, the answer is speciﬁc and dependent upon where the student will be enrolled and what organization the student is riding in, whether it is the NCAA, IHSA, or USEF. For example, the NCAA plainly states on their ofﬁcial website that “Prior to enrollment at a university, winnings cannot exceed the dollar value of actual expenses related to the competition. It is recommended that prospective students keep a record of expenses and winnings for speciﬁc shows. During college, no prize money is allowed to be received.” Differing from the USEF, NCAA rules state that teaching riding lessons does not affect a rider’s amateur status, as long as payment was comparable to the going rate. Katie Bobola, the head coach of the Brandeis University Equestrian team, works under the guidelines of these organizations, and is well versed on their meanings and processes. “I took over the head coaching position over two years ago after three years as the assistant coach under Debbie Hoyt Banﬁeld,” she explains. Katie is also the owner/trainer of Autumn Mist Farm, a full-service hunter/jumper facility in Plainville, MA. When it comes to amateur status, she says, the major differences lie between the NCAA and the IHSA. “According to the NCAA rules and regulations, you must be considered an amateur to be eligible to ride on a varsity team,” Katie begins. “The NCAA considers prize money earned as a large factor in their deﬁnition of an amateur, so it is very important when trying to be recruited to keep all of your horse show records. Once on an NCAA team, you cannot earn any prize money at a competition to still be eligible to ride as a part of that team. So, if you have decided that you want to ride at an NCAA school, you must keep careful records and make sure you view the NCAA website for full rules and regulations on eligibility.” On the contrary, the IHSA places no rules on the status of a rider. You may be considered an amateur or a professional and still be considered to be on an IHSA team. “Therefore,” Katie says, “Your earnings at competitions place no bearing on your eligibility as a rider under the IHSA. However, it is still very important to keep close records of your placings at horse shows as that will come into play for what division your coach can place you in on the team.”
September 2011, Equine Journal, 101
THE UNIVERSITY OF FINDLAY
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