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HUIDAN KANG EMAIL: hk637@cornell.edu TEL: 917-355-0165 MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE, CORNELL UNIVERSITY MASTER OF ARCHITECTURE, TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY, CHINA BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE, TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY, CHINA


RESEARCH

SURVEY

MATERIAL

SOLAR

GEOMETRY

TIME

URBAN FABRIC

PEOPLE

WIND

STRUCTURE

TRANSFORMATION

INFRASCTRUCTURE

CORRESPONDENCE

FIXTURE

ELECTRICITY

CONTEXT

REINTERPRETATION

CONCEPT

LANDSCAPE

WATER

CONTOUR

TRANSPORTATION

RECYCLING

LIFE STYLE

CULTURE

HISTORY

CODE

PHILOSOPHY

DETAIL

FURNITURE


ACADEMIC PROJECTS

CONTEXT

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REINTERPRETATION

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FROM LANDSCAPE TO MATERIAL DETIAL

CONCEPT

TRANSFORMATION


Material

Environment

Project 1: Page 6 Lofoten Timber Bird Watching Tower

Twisting Timber

Spring 2011 Design Studio

History

Urbanisn

Project 2: Page 26 Cold War Information Center

Merging Border

Fall 2010 Design Studio

Fabrication Urbanisn

Project 3: Page 32 High Line Extension

Interweaving Publicity

Summer 2010 Design Studio

Material

Fabrication

Project 4: Page 38 Material Efficiency and Sustainability

3D Fibre Sandwich Structure Spring 2011 Seminar

Algorithm

Fabrication

Project 5: Page 46 Crocheting Algorithms and Fabrication in Architecture

Hook and Loop

Spring 2011 Seminar

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Lo ofo fote ote ten n Ti Timb mbberr B irrd Wa atc t hingg T ower ow er Lofoten Timber Bird Watching Tower

Twisting T wisting Timber Timber SSpring Sp ring 22011 011 Desi Design sign g Studio Instructor: Mark Cruvellier, Beate Hølmebakk Site: Røst, Lofoten, Norway Photoshop, Software: Rhino,Vray, Grasshopper, Illustrator, Pho oto t shop, AutoCAD Thee stud studio between architectural material potentials; Th T udio io iiss in iinherently heere rently about exploring thee rrelationship elat el ations nshi hipp be betw twee tw eenn the archit tecturaal concept an and d ma mate teri rial a potenti tials;; bbetween etw et ween man-made structures between design material project locates Lofoten stru st ruct ctures aand nd the he natural landscape; betw twee eenn de desi sign gn iideas deas de as aand nd m aterial resolutions. The proje ect loc o ates in Røst, one of the Lof fot oten en n archipelago Norway. thousands watchers off the uniq unique ar rch c ip ipelaggo in N o way. The islands attracts tens of thou or ousa sand ndss of ttourists, o rists, especially bird watcher ou erss bbecause ecau ec ausee o ique ue bbeauty eautty of the ea hee landscape and main material explore land la ndsc scap apee aan nd a ggood ood d aamount mount of sea birds including the Atlantic Pu Puffi ffinnns. s Wood is chosen to be the ma s. ain m ater at eria er iaal to o exp plo ore inn th this is pproject. ro oje ject ct.. ct instable various As a ccellular, elluulaar, r, heterogeneous, het eterog ogeneous, anisotropic and hygroscopic material, wo wood o is dimensionallyy in inst stab ab ble and and d bbehaves ehav eh aves es iin n va vari riou ous ways y due to to thee considered negative internal differentiation dififfe fere rent ntia iati tion on in in microstructure. m crostructure. The changing dimension and geometry ar mi aree ty ttypically piica callllllyy co cons nsid sid der e ed aass ne ega gati tive ti ve aaspect sp pec ect of wood. The he design structural methods quality control manufacturing, d de s gn aaims si ims to eexplore xplo lore re the structura al an and architectural potentials of twisting timber beam aand nd m e ho et ods d iin n qu qual alit ityy co cont nttro roll an aand d ma manu n faact ctur u inng, ur g which wood distortion optimize architectural whic wh ichh could coulld act as an example of rrethinking ethi et hink nkinng wood following its material naturee aand nd uutilizing tililizi ti z ngg sspecifi peci pe cifific wo ci ood d issto tort rtio ionn to o ptim pt imiz izee ar rch chit ittec ectu t ra tu rall design changing site. desi de s gn n in respond to the landscape as well as the he ch chan angi ging ng cclimate liima m te iin n th thee si site te.

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1. Prototype:Wall and Stairs

Working sketch

Phase I: Wall and stairs In this phase, a session of wall and stair is designed with one of three timber technologybending, folding/Origami and grid. The design aims to explore the material potentials of twisting timer. The wall component is composed of two regular planks and two twisted planks, utilizing the nature of timber which includes uneven internal structure and unstable dimensions in respond to the changes of humidity. A twisted planks is used as riser of the steps supporting the regular tread.

Wall and stairs component

Plan 1:20

Wall and stairs session Section 1:20

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Elevation 1


Wall and stair session

Modified wall component

Modified stair component

Modeling process

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2. Experiment: Structural properties of twisted planks Horizontal load

Vertical load

Phase II: Structural properties tests In this phase, a series of experiments were made to test the differences in structural properties between flat planks and twisted planks. Different combinations of twisted degrees, profiles and distances were tested out and deformation in vertical and horizontal directions in each test was recorded. Conclusions were drawn from the structural tests: twisting strengthened the planks in horizontal direction but weaken them in vertical directions in resisting bending moment when compared to regular beams. Testing model

Experiment process

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Experiment process

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3. Modified prototype: Røst I Atlantic Puffins IBird watching platform Site Puffin Nesting Ferry Site Puffin Nesting Waterway dangerous for tourist ships Ferry

Area with water depth no more than 10 meters Waterway dangerous for tourist boats Area with water depth no more than 10m

12 km

Sea wind

Landscape Site Map

Puffin nesting Site analysis

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1m

5m

>20 times

6-10 times

14m

Bird and Watchers The sea is rich with life, and the world’s largest deep water coral reef is located west of Røst. In that, millions of sea birds nest on the islands every year. Among these species, the Atlantic Puffins are one of the most popular sea birds to the tourists and bird watchers. Røst is considered as a best place for watching the Atlantic Puffins in the world.

Climate During spring and summer, Røst attracts thousands of tourists because of its pleasant weather, beautiful landcape and various seabirds. Winter temperatures in Røst are very mild considering their location north of the Arctic Circle; however, strong winds can occur in late autumn and winter which may lead to waves up to 14 metres high. In that, for one thing, the platform needs to be anchored to the landscape and kept from direct sea winds; for the other thing, wind shelter is necessary for tourists, especially the bird watchers which may wait for certain species for hours.

Bird watchers can stay for hours waiting for sea birds. By uring regular spotting scopes, bird watchers can observe sea birds within the distance of 150 metres. A scope with higher magnification that provides a better view requires a stable viewing platform where the equipment can be protected from rain and wind.

Feeding

Feeding areas are often located 100 km or more, offshore from the nest sites

Nesting and Reproduction

The only time the Atlantic Puffins spend on land is to nest. the species is monogamous and gives biparental care. They are colonial nesters, excavating burrows on grassy cliffs.

Maturing

The Atlantic Puffin is sexually mature at the age of 4–5 years during which they stay in the sea.

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Puffin life circle

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Phase III: Ideal Beam Based on beam diagram module, maximum shear moment happen on two ends and maximum bending moment in the middle. The changing sections in the180degree twisting beam with maximum bending moment stiffness in the middle and shear moment stiffness on the ends perfectly fit the ideal beam model.

twisting beam sections

W

Structural reference: vertical blinds

A

B

beam diagram module max

0.0 max

shear diagram max

0.0

0.0

bending diagram

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Poplar

Polycarbonate

Modeling process

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1: 5 Component mockup

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Master plan

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1: 50 Model

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Typical Section Through Roof, Screen and Foundation Detail 1:5 1. Corrugated roof sheeting on 19mm plywood sheathing 2. Nail fixings at 150mm centers within 1200mm of roof edge 3. 40X120mm@400mm timber purlins 4. 100X200mm poplar glu-lam beam 5. 45X45X2mm steel angle 6. 120mm steel hinge with 255mm open width, pin diameter 15mm 7. 50X160X2500mm twisted poplar glu-lam screen support 8. 80X50X2000mm movable screen support 9. O15mm galvanized steel wood screws with steel shear plates I 10. O10mm through galvanized steel bolts with steel shear plates I 11. 60X2400X40mm transparent lightweight polycarbonate (PC) panels 12.Synthetic rubber bearing 13. O15mm steel tube with nuts I 14. 100X300X5mm steel angle 15. Extension springs 16. 120X50mm oak flooring with 15mm wide anti-slip inserts filled with resin-bound sand 17. 40X20mm steel fixing rail 18. Synthetic rubber bearing 19. 300X600X500mm reinforced concrete pier 20. 400mm thick reinforced concrete footing


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Exploded Axonometric of Screen Facade

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Exterior perspective

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Interior perspective

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Cold War Information Center

Merging Border Fall 2010 Design Studio Instructor: Werner Hans GĂśhner, Matthias K. Graf Von Ballestrem Site: Berlin, Germany Software: Rhino, Vray, Illustrator, Photoshop, AutoCAD

"Berlin is a city between memory, renewal and amnesia.� The project pursuits a new information center of the Cold War which locates adjacent to the North Train Station which was one of the ghost stations during the period. Several Cold War memorials gather in this area. Addressing the relationship within history, memory and urbanism becomes a most critical challenge in the project. When the Wall physically divide the whole city into two, there was strong latent social dynamic that trended toward unification. The interior space in the design aims to capture this conflicted reality and interpret it in spatial language. For exterior, the new information center tends to create an urban interconnection with the historical train station, detaching from the existing structure and creating an interior courtyard. Interlocking volumes, materials and texture are explored.

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Atrium perspective

Section perspective

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The Cold War Memorial

Berlin Wall (Inner Wall)

The Cold War Memorial

Berlin Wall (Outer Wall)

Ghost Station (during the Cold War)

Community park

the Berlin Wall (remain) the Berlin Wall (dismantled) S-Bahn Site area Existing Open space S-Bahn Entrance Tram/Bus Station Site map

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Interactive mapping

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Study model

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1:200 Model

Circulation analysis

1:500 Model

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High Line Extension

Interweaving Publicity Summer 2010 Design Studio Instructor: Neil Denari Collaborator: Fanbo Zeng Site: Manhattan, New York Software: Rhino,Vray, Illustrator, Photoshop, AutoCAD

The one-week “New York. Interrupted� studio intends to expand on the sectional analysis of Manhattan. The main purpose is to explore the potential of urban infrastructure as a destination as well as a supportive part of city organism. As an extension of high line, the project takes a different approach weaving diverse public spaces, combining linear pathway as well as urban programs, creating a vertical public assembly that provides public facilities and reduce urban footprint.

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Exterior perspective

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Master plan

Horizontal Span

weaving

vertical growing

vertical differential

Interweaving concept

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Section

Interior perspective

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Exterior perspective

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Material Efficiency and Sustainability

3D Fibre Sandwich Structure Spring 2011 Seminar Instructor: Christiane Sauer Collaborator: Runsheng Lin Software: Rhino,Vray, Illustrator, Photoshop, AutoCAD

The seminar aims to explore potentials of material and apply In architecture. In this project, the potential of soft sandwich structure is explored. Fiber, which is commonly considered as linear materials taking only tension is chosen as the core layer material. Through braiding techniques, soft linear material begins to take compression because of friction as that is in textiles. Several parameters of the soft sandwich structure is included into experiment, such as core material, braiding pattern, braiding density.Visual and mechanic Properties are also tested. The final product of the research is material-oriented, performance building envelop.

3D Sandwich Structure

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Plant Fibre ADVANTAGE

DISADVANTAGE

Reuseable

High tensile strength

Low compressive strength

Low tech

Degradable

Infinite length

Various quality

Multiple output

Low density

Local

flammable

Compression Strength

Visual effect

Braiding

Regrowable

Sandwich Structure

Shear resistence

3D Fiber Sandwich Structure

Storage

Green Facade

Kindergarten

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Mechanical properties

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Material performance


Core: transparent polycarbonate tube Panel: polycarbonate

Core: cotton fiber Panel: polycarbonate

Core: hemp fiber Panel: polycarbonate

Material shift

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1. Green wall

1:50 Model

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2. Storage wall

1:2 Model

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3. Kindergarten playroom wall

1:5 Model

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Hook and Loop

Crocheting Algorithms and Fabrication in Architecture Spring 2011 Seminar Instructor: Gisela Baurmann Collaborator: Ida.D.K Tam Software: Grasshopper, Paneling tool, Rhino,Vray, Illustrator, Photoshop

In this project, crocheting algorithms are explored as innovative fabrication techniques in architectural design. Crocheting activates a single line—the thread—to generate an elastic surface by moving around and through an empty core. The topology of a crocheted fabric is relatively complex: The thread follows a loopy path along its row, with the loops of one row being pulled through the loops of the row subjacent to it. The elasticity of a crochet piece is unavailable from woven fabrics, which only stretch along the bias.

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+1

Slip crochet stitch trajectory diagram

Popcorn crochet stitch trajectory diagram

Chain crochet stitch trajectory diagram

Single crochet stitch trajectory diagram

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1. Physical model and material shift Plastic band/ Double crochet stitch

Elastic/ Boullion crochet stitch

Cotton yarn/ single crochet stitch

Plastic rope/ single crochet stitch

Metal wire/ single crochet stitch

Plastic tube/ single crochet stitch

Cotton yarn/ Multiple corchet stitches

Paper/ single crochet stitch

Material shift

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2. Math plugin and paneling tool

Geometry: Moebius Strip Closed Stitch: Double crochet stitch Parameters Minimum u Maximum u Minimum v Maximum v PointCount u PointCount v Function X(u,v) Function Y(u,v) Function Z(u,v)

0 2*PI -PI PI 17 4 sin(u)*(-2+v*sin(u/2)) cos(u)*(-2+v*sin(u/2) v*cos(u/2)

Geometry: Enneper 4 Stitch: Single crochet stitch Parameters Minimum u Maximum u Minimum v Maximum v PointCount u PointCount v Function X(u,v) Function Y(u,v) Function Z(u,v) Variables

0 1.2 -PI PI 7 25 u*cos(v)-u^(2* Sym -1)/(2* Sym1)*cos((2* Sym -1)*v) -u*sin(v)-u^(2* Sym -1)/(2* Sym -1)*sin((2* Sym -1)*v) 2/ Sym *u^ Sym *cos( Sym *v) Sym=4

3D printed models

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3. Crocheting algorithms

Crochet stitches

Algorithm I: Grow stitches by row INPUT: stitch control points PARAMETER: distance between stitches number of stitches per row distance between rows

Algorithm II:VB_Grow stitches by row INPUT: stitch control points PARAMETER: distance between stitches number of stitches per row distance between rows number of rows

Algorithm III: Box morph between surfaces INPUT: stitch geometry predefined surface PARAMETER: stitch thickness subdivision number

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Math Geometry Study


Boullion crochet stitch patch

Triple crochet stitch patch

Double crochet stitch patch

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4. Crocheting pavillion predefined surface

control points from stitches

Algorithm INPUT: stitches control points predefined surface PARAMETER: number of sessions number of rows in each session height of unit stitch height ratio of each stitch to unit stitch width of each stitch

Predefined surfaces

Double crochet stitch patch

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1.1 variable=stitch length=2 stitch| csx1-scx2-tsx1-scx3-csx1

1.2 variable=stitch length=1 stitch| csx1-scx2-tsx1-scx3-csx1

no. of cs| 175 stitch length|2 stitch height|0.6

no. of cs| 350 stitch length|1 stitch height|0.6

no. of sc| 284 stitch length|2 stitch height|1

no. of sc| 560 stitch length|1 stitch height|1

no. of tc| 54 stitch length|2 stitch height|3

no. of tc| 107 stitch length|1 stitch height|3

no. of sc| 243 stitch length|2 stitch height|1

no. of sc| 183 stitch length|1 stitch height|1

no. of cs| 78 stitch length|2 stitch height|0.6

no. of cs| 156 stitch length|1 stitch height|0.6

2.1 variable=no. of row=16 stitch| csx2-scx4-tsx2-scx2-scx4-csx2

2.2 variable=no. of row=32 stitch| csx4-scx8-tsx4-scx4-scx8-csx4

no. of cs| 350 stitch length|2 stitch height|0.6

no. of cs| 1400 stitch length|2 stitch height|0.6

no. of sc| 568 stitch length|2 stitch height|1

no. of sc| 2272 stitch length|2 stitch height|1

no. of tc| 108 stitch length|2 stitch height|3

no. of tc| 428 stitch length|2 stitch height|3

no. of sc| 486 stitch length|2 stitch height|1

no. of sc| 1932 stitch length|2 stitch height|1

no. of cs| 156 stitch length|2 stitch height|0.6

no. of cs| 624 stitch length|2 stitch height|0.6

3.1 variable=stitch type stitch| csx1-scx2-bsx1-scx2-bsx1-csx1

3.2 variable=stitch type stitch| csx1-scx2-bsx1-scx2-bsx1-csx1

no. of cs| 174 stitch length|2 stitch height|0.6

no. of cs| 174 stitch length|2 stitch height|0.6

no. of sc| 294 stitch length|2 stitch height|1

no. of sc| 294 stitch length|2 stitch height|1

no. of bc| 15 stitch length|2 stitch height|3

no. of bc| 30 stitch length|2 stitch height|3

no. of sc| 206 stitch length|2 stitch height|1

no. of sc| 206 stitch length|2 stitch height|1

no. of bc| 10 stitch length|2 stitch height|1

no. of bc| 21 stitch length|2 stitch height|1

no. of cs| 79 stitch length|2 stitch height|0.6

no. of cs| 79 stitch length|2 stitch height|0.6

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Chinese Seal Store Interior Design

Yin-Yang Transformation Summer 2007 Competition : Prize of Nomination Instructor: Xiaoguo Xia Software: 3D Max, Photoshop, AutoCAD 2007 Hecheng Student Interior Design Competition

Seal engraving is one of the oldest traditional art in China. In the seals, it is of most importance to reach the balance of rilievi and intaglio which embodies the essence of Chinese traditional philosophy-'yin' and 'yang'. In this project, the essence of seal is transformed into spatial language. The whole space is flowing with both communication and division in different parts. Materials with different textures are carefully chosen for contrastive effects and spatial rhythm, which include marble, brick, wood and printed metal gauze.

+0.300

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Plan

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11 12 +3.700 +3.700

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15 +3.700

Ceiling Plan 0

1. Antechamber 2. Cash desk 3. Central waterscape 4. Collector area 5. Appreciation room 6. Seal cutting desk 7. Manager office 8. Toilet 9. Locker room 10. Storage

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1

5m

11. Fibrous plasterboard 12. Luminescent Ceiling 13. 150 down light 3@600 14. Collector area 15. Engraved metal ceiling 16. Fibrous plasterboard 17. Conceal light band


Entrance perspective

Interior perspective

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3

2

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Construction Detail 1-1

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1. Light-gauge steel joist 2. Fibrous plasterboard 3.150 down light 3@600 4. 15 cream-colored plastering 5. Concealed light belt 6. 800Ă—800 Concrete Board 7. 40Ă—40 angle iron 8. Hanging part 9. Spot light 10. 15 glass floor 11. Glass strut 12. Curved vitrified brick

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Elevation A

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7

9

8

2

11 3 10

12

13

4

Construction Detail 2-2 1. Aluminium plate 2.24mm Double glass 3. Metal gauze with ink printing 4. Spot light 5. Wood floor 6. Aluminium skirting floor 7. Wood keel 8. Milk glass 9. Fluorescent 10. Sealant 11. Glass frame 12. Screw 13. Glass pillars

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Elevation B

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Elevation 1-1

Elevation 2-2

Elevation 3-3

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Interior Perspective

Entrance elevation

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Commercial Hotel Design in Xizhimen Area

Dialogue with infrastructure Spring 2008 Design Studio Instructor: Rongrui Hu Site: Beijing, China Software: 3D Max, SketchUp, Illustrator, Photoshop, AutoCAD

The project locates right on the corner of Xizhimen Flyover, one of the most complex and overloaded transportation node in Beijing. As the city expands, Xizhimen Area has become a most important connection between inner and outer city, where cars can line up for kilometers during rush hours every day. The large transportation infrastructure also leads to severe problems in urban development: shattered texture, little public open spaces, environmental pollution which includes noise, exhaust gas. the hotel benefits from the convenient transportation; however at the meanwhile, it has to face a series of problems brought along by the large scale city infrastructure. The design tends to respond to the dominating transportation system in order to make the hotel unique to the urban context in structure and program. Architectural design, in this case, is extended to an urban scale, making the best of the convenience, getting rid of the negative influences and also contributing to the improvement of the area in terms of environmental quality.

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15

45km/h

Average Car Speed in Xizhimen Flyover


Beijing North Train Station (in constructuion)

Xizhimen Subway Station

Xizhimen Flyover

enwai

Xizhim

Street

Second Ring Road

land area 1.88 hectare 2 construction area 40784.5 m floor area rate 2.5 greening rate 25.3%

Urban Context in Xizhimen Area

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Area Map in Xizhimen

Historical Images in Xizhimen

Current Images in Xizhimen

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Structure among programs in hotel

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r n Flyove

Xizhime

eet nwai Str

B

Xizhime

urban open space

try

Main En y

A

A

Stock Entry

B

Staff Entry

eet Beilishi Str

nce Entr

Confere

West Beilishi fourth Street

N 0

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50m

Master plan

Street Section of the Hotel and Xizhimen Flyover

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Programs and Circulation

Guests of hotel Conventioneers Stock and freight

F20 Plan

Staffs

F4~F19 Plan

F3 Plan

F2 Plan

F1 Plan

B1 Plan

B2 Plan

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Exterior perspective

West street elevation

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North Elevation

East Elevation

Section B-B

Section A-A

West elevation

South elevation

North street elevation

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Maimai Street Urban Design and Renovation

1= N Fall 2007 Design Studio Instructor: Wei Liang Collaborator: Jieyu Pu Site: Beijing, China Software: SketchUp, Photoshop, AutoCAD

As an ancient royal garden and one of the most famous places of interest in Beijing, Xiangshan Park attracts millions of tourists and citizens every year. Maimai Street, which serves as the only access to the front gate of Park from main streets, is severely overloaded by tourists and traffic in the peak seasons; however, in the meanwhile, needs to face the sharp decline in the low seasons. Even though the street is the only main entrance to the park, housing condition along the street varies and the retailing there is rather depressed. Renovation of the area around is necessary not only for the development of the area but also for the benefits of the locals. The severe contrast between the peak and low seasons is the major problem.A new complete transportation network is developed in the area so as to relieve traffic congestion caused by mixing traffic for various purposes and tourists.The economical structure is also modified. Mixeduse projects, such as hostel, restaurants, bars, coffee shops are introduced to change the current situation that over 85% of the public programs along the streets are retailing. Every house along the street is surveyed and categorized based on the current quality and historical value. Customized renovation strategies are applied to different kinds. The Slow, graduate renovation aims to turn Maimai Street into a destination with unique characteristics instead of pure infrastructure so as to balance the peak and low seasons and develop the area.

Exterior perspective

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Xiangshan Mountain Maimai Street

The Fobidden City

Location map

Renovation strategy

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1. Site investigation

Restaurant/ Coffee shop Souvenir Groceries Store Snack Trees with diameter of a cross-section larger than 750mm

Commerce in Maimai Street totally depends on the tourists to Xiangshan Mountain. Retail business is the major form of commerce in Maimai Street. The vast gap of number of tourists throughout the year has deep impact on the development of commerce.

Commerce type analysis

slope

Topography analysis

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Changes in Amount of Tourists in Xiangshan Mountain/Year

Xiangshan Mountain is one of the most popular places of interest in Beijing, which is famous for the red autumnal leaves. During the peak seasons in spring and autumn, there are up to sixty thousand tourists visiting this place per day. The vast difference between peak and low seasons greatly influences the development of the Maimai Street. As the main access to Xiangshan Mountain, the Maimai Street is over-loaded during peak time while almost empty in low seasons.

Changes in Amount of Tourists in Xiangshan Mountain/Day

Grocery Restaurant Snack store Souvenir Shop Working inhabitants

Working people living outside the area

Population analysis

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2. Renovation strategies

Current road network

New road network

Preservation Slightly Reconstruction Reconstruction Newly Building Lack of Information

Pedestrian Vehicle Parking Lot

Landscape Node Linear Landscape

Road network Bus Stop Bus Line Pedestrian Flow Branch

1=N: Different Identities of One Street During Busy seasons, we maximize the capasity of the Maimai Street and create another entrance to the Street, connecting the street with the south green land. The Maimai Street would appear as a gate of Xiangshan Mountain.

We improve the environment in the Street and upgradinging the commercial Stores along the Street, introducing new programs, change the singularity in commercial type. Space for short-time staying is created.

Programs for Long-time staying tourists, such as family Inns and Art studio would be introduced into the Street, providing continuous purchasing power during offseason.

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North elevation

South elevation

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7766

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7777


Reconstruction of Village in Ma’erkang area

Customizing Reconstruction Spring 2009 Competition: First Prize/ Built Ma’erkang Loving Heart Competition Collaborator: Zheng Huang Site: Ma’erkang, Sichuan, China Software: SketchUp, Photoshop, AutoCAD, Ecotect

“Ma’erkang Loving Heart Competition” is initiated by Autodesk Company and Tsinghua University with the theme of housing reconstruction in Ma'erkang area, which suffered from severe earthquake on May 12th, 2009. Eleven designs are chosen as awarded designs and five of them are selected in the actual reconstruction project including this project. The project locates in the Ma'erkang area in Sichuan Province, which was severely damaged in the 5.12 Wenchuan Earthquake. A reconstruction strategy is proposed instead of specific design for sustainability and economical efficiency in the long term. During reconstruction process, materials from temporary shelter are reused in insulation and moisture barrier; local ecological techniques are applied to the new housing. Light wood frame structure is proposed because of the rich timber resources around the area. The interaction between architects and villagers should be emphasized. The government provides financial aid to the villagers; architects offer professional advice and technical support and villagers 'design' their houses by choosing different modules based on different life styles and family structures.

Self-selection: Function Self-selection: Database FileA

Feedback

FileB

Feedback

FileC

Feedback

Self-selection: Techniques and Materials Reconstruction Strategy

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Reused Color Steel Plate

Green House

Hanging Kang Heating System

Double-Channel Chimney

Hogpen and Biogas Pool

Residence Workshop Inn Stockbreeding

Program modules

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N

Housing modules

Wind and lighting analysis

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Double-channal Chimney Tile

Straw Matting 30mm Blue Tile 20mm Staw Matting 10mm Malthoid 20mm Grass Matting

Waterproof Layer

140*140 Rafter 10mm Polyethylene Film 30mm Timber Plate

Dry Grass Matting

20mm Cement Mortar

Timber Roof Structure

100mm Rammed Earth

8mm 1:0.3:3Cement Mortar

50mm Bluestone Panal 4@200 Steel Reinforcement

12mm 1:1:6Cement Mortar

180mm Concrete Strut 50mm Bluestone Bottom

10mm Polyethylene Film Holly Block with Straw

240mm Concrete Strut

50mm Air

Timber Frame

50mm 5125 Color Steel Sheet

1:3Cement Mortar Optional Facing 5APP Waterproof Material 20mm 1:3Cement Mortar 10mm Polystyrene 150mm Wood Board Cross Wood Support

Color Steel Plate

115mm Fire-resistant Brick 20mm Fire-resistant Clay 50mm Flue 20mm Fire-resistant Clay 240mm Fire-resistant Brick

Bick Wall

20mm 1:2.5 Cement Mortar

Green House

10mm Polystyrene 10mm Polystyrene Moister Barrier 150mm Wood Board 50mm Polystyrene

Exploded axonometric

Construction detail

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CONTEXT Site Investigation Pre-design Research Client meetings Site Analysis Schematic Design

REINTERPRETATION

PROFESSIONAL PROJECTS

Design Development Correspondence Meeting Design Research Construction Documents Correspondence

CONCEPT

Meeting Specification Cutsheet Site inspection

TRANSFORMATION

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Project 1: Page 84

Guangzhou Baiyun New City Center and Guangzhou Museum

Guangzhou Well

Spring 2009 Bidding Project

Project 2: Page 94

Museum of Wuxi Ancient Canal Phase I

Information Center and Historic Residence Renovation Summer 2008 Build Project

Project 3: Page 106 Interior Construction

Inside-out Museum

Fall 2011 Built Project (in process)

Easthampton Villa

Project 4: Page 108

Pool House

Project 5: Page 112

Tianjin Binhai New City

Summer 2011 Bidding project

New Tianjin

Fall 2008 Urban Planning (in process)

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Guangzhou Baiyun New City and Guangzhou Museum Design

Guangzhou Well Spring 2009 Bidding Project

Instructor: Wenyi Zhu Collaborator: Qian Shang,Yu Li Site: Guangzhou China Software: 3D Max,Vray, SketchUp, Photoshop, AutoCAD

The new city culture centre locates in the former Baiyun Airport in Guangzhou. The project is composed of a urban design project and four architectural design projects. The concept of urban design "Guangzhou Well" stems from the spatial urban structure and environment of Guangzhou. Three-floor sinking plaza with ceiba tree provids open space with shade and view for the public in respond to the large amount of precipitation and high temperature in Guangzhou. An underground hotel is proposed as in the centre of the plaza. The Guangzhou Well will become one of the urban icon besides the Baiyu Mountain and the Guangzhou Tower . In the design of Guangzhou Museum, the urban concept is carried along. Three underground floors are fully open to the public, directly connecting to the sinking green plaza. Printed wire fence and steel grids are chosen as the major materials of facade, on which collage of the city now and in history will be displayed. A large media "cube" with LED facade inside as well as outside displays the stories of the city, providing different spatial experience for visitors. The Museum tends to go beyond a neutral container for the history, trying to captures the essence of the city not merely in the past but currently.

Guangzhou Well Baiyun New Centre

Guangzhou Tower Zhujiang New Centre

Location map

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Interior perspective

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Section of Guangzhou Well

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N

Master plan

East Elevation

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Concept of movable facade

Cube pattern

Longitudinal section

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Perspective of exhibition hall

Exterior perspective

Perspective of underground entrance

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Museum of Wuxi Ancient Canal Phase I

Information Center and Historic Residence Renovation Summer 2008 Built Project Instructor: Wenyi Zhu Collaborator: Lu Yin,,Yue Wang, Jun Lan Site: Wuxi China Software: SketchUp, Photoshop, AutoCAD

The project locates in the old town of Wuxi in Jiangsu Province. A museum community about canal culture and a renovation project of the old town are proposed. Phase I includes four parts: 1.reconstruction of Qingming Harbor and the Square; 2. restoration of Zhentang Temple and Kangongjiuxihui Temple; 3. A new Information Centre and a Exhibition Wall for new museum; 4. restoration of residence in Qingming Bridge Area. The newly-built information and exhibition wall is inspired by the traditional residences in the old town. The facade of the newly built information center fully has reused the old bricks from the dismantled residential housing. The scale is kept consistent with the Qingming Bridge and the surrounding housing. The 114-meter-long Exhibition Wall is designed according to the history of Ancient Canal. The openings correspond to the important events happened in the history of three thousand years. When walking through the porch, tourists can experience the long history of the Ancient Canal from the artwork inlaid in the Exhibition Wall.

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N

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Historic Residence Renovation

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Master plan

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Renovation area Reconstruction area Qingming square Newly-built area

Renovation and Reconstruction Strategy

Phase I: 7845.3m2

Phase II: 51843m2

Information Center: 1989.6m2

Area of Phase I and Information Center

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People Distribution Area Route for Pedestrian Route for Tourists for Museum Route on Water Route for Tourists for historical relic

Circulation Analysis View node View axis View facade Water view axis

Landscape Analysis

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Collecting bricks from demolished housing

Construction process: Reused bricks and steel structure

Dy n ng in al an eC

ng

Mi

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in

Ha of nt f th

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rC

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98

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Construction Detail: Reused bricks and steel structure

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Pespective of Exhibition Wall

1000AD

613BC 1122BC

Art installation in the Exhibition Wall describing the history of the Ancient Canal

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N

First Floor Plan

N

Second Floor Plan

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2

7900

LMC8

200

男卫生间

3650

600 100

400

50雨水管

100钢制雨水管

600

200

商铺

LMC6

300

300

7900 300

350

400 550 600600600200600200 250 400 200 200 200 400 200 200

300

3250

900 900 600 600

300

4

-0.200

5300

1 放大平面图详见 -

LMC7

600

LM1

200

LC2 LC2

100

LC3

250 -0.200

女卫生间

±0.000

LMC6

LMC6

250

I-C 4

LC2

I-B

LC3

3200

300 600600

LC1

LC2

LC3

900 600 600600 900

500

300200

原建筑墙体

LC1LC1

400

LC2

上 200 1600 250 350

300300 600600 300 1850 500

200 200

-0.200

I-A 2

1

6

8500

23

2600

300 1600

200

200 200 50150 200 2001200150 200 400 50 200 200

200

1000300300

400

5150

3

4号楼梯详见 -

-0.200

3000

5

I-D

2400

200

±0.000

200

LC2

I-E

20600

300 300

7200

7900

LMC8

600

1900

7200

600

350 400

MM1

200

500950

LM1

2400 1700 600 1600 600800 900

LC2

300300

LC2

500

7200 20850

4150

LC2

300

300 300

1200

1640

5300

600800600

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坎宫救熄会墙体

200200

1600

-0.015

2000

600

-0.200 300

3200

250

4200 200200200 1600 1540

200

450450

-0.200

NM1

3000

I-D

8500 200 2400

7200

450450450

400 200 1600 250 350

250

-0.700

250

8500 200200 200200200200 200 200 200200200 200 200 1800 1100 1000 550 1200 1010 1100

1300

200

600

8150 200 2400

2450

300 500200 2400

I-E

I-C

I-5

300

300

1 1:50

- 3号楼梯详见 23

3

6

I-4

250

I-1

5

1

I-3 29650

I-B 3200

I-2

600 650 200 150 200 200 800 200 50 200 200 200 200 250 3000

I-1

2400

300

100

5300

400 100

300300

100 400 100

I-C

200

300300 300

I-A

博物墙与南段相连

8500

4200

29350

I-1

I-2

I-3

I-4

N

I-5

First Floor Construction Plan ofаቲᒣ䶒മ Infomation Center I I-1

I-2

I-3

I-4

I-5

29900 300

8150

250

4200

1700 500

350

1640

2500

7200 600

500

LC1LC2

LC3

900 600 600600 900 300200

LC1LC1 LC2

23

7200

1200

300300 600600 300 1850

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4号楼梯详见 -

I-B

200 1600 250 350 3200

LC2

300 600600

300

LC3

I-C

280X13=3640

300300

100 200

3200

300

LMC9

4.200

20950

280×12=3360

300 5300 1600

7200

I-B

LMC9

5300

300

1250 300

1 放大平面图详见 4

做法详见 2 25

7900

300 300 1600

5300

I-D

8200

商铺

LMC11

LMC9

300 1%

LMC10

300

200

300 300 1600

500

暗埋 Ø100地漏

300

LC3 LC1 LC1

100

300

300 100钢制雨水管

300 300

300 300

4.200

LC2

7900

1600

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5300

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LMC8

7900

300300

LMC56250

3000

100

200 200 200

100

1600

LC3

1%

200

300

200

300

暗埋 Ø50地漏

1%

1600

300

I-E

1300

600

500

550 500

550

280X12=3360

350

350

1200

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300300 300 300 500600600 900 600600 600 900 400950

20950

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280X13=3640

钢结构玻璃雨棚详见厂家设计图纸

I-D

8500

8200

- 3号楼梯详见 23

I-E

8500

500

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29350

I-1

I-2

I-3

I-4

I-5

Second Floor Construction Plan of Infomation Center I Ҽቲᒣ䶒മ

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灰色涂料 灰色小青瓦屋面

钢梯由厂家配合设计 10.187(结构标高 )

10.600

10.300

高度以实测为准 参照原有住宅

10.187(结构标高 )

1987

8.200

5987

4000

钢结构玻璃雨棚详见厂家设计图纸 10387

木地板

10387

4.200

1200

4.200

600 3.600

3000

2100

±0.000

4200

3600

广场铺地

±0.000

200

200

-0.200

-0.200

4200

8500

8500

8150

ࢆ䶒മ

29350

I-5

I-4

I-3

I-2

I-1 做法详见 1 26

灰色涂料

钢梯由厂家配合设计

灰色小青瓦屋面

参照原有住宅 10.600 10.187(结构标高 ) 高度以实测为准

10.187(结构标高 )

1987

10.300

5987

1000

8.200

1050

3000

10387

木地板 4.200

4.200

600

1200

10387

150X150钢制方管

钢结构玻璃雨棚详见厂家设计图纸 4.200 4.200

Section 3-3

3600

3000

4200

3.600

花岗岩地面

±0.000

±0.000

-0.200

200

200

±0.000

8150

8500

8500

-0.200

4200

ࢆ䶒മ

29350

I-1

I-2

仿木铝合金窗

I-3

清水砖墙

I-4

灰色涂料

灰色小青瓦屋面

10.187(结构标高 )

10.600

10.300

10.187(结构标高 )

1987

1987

8.200

Section 4-4

I-5

高度以实测为准 参照原有住宅

8.200

钢结构玻璃雨棚详见厂家设计图纸 10687

4001050

3400

4600

4600 10387

3.600

3.600

3.600

3600

3600

±0.000

±0.000

500

200

-0.200

-0.500

4200

8500

8500

8150

29350

I-5

白色喷涂

I-4

清水砖墙

钢梯由厂家配合设计

I-3

I-5

白色喷涂

I-2

白色喷涂

I-1

清水砖墙

Elevation1-5 ~ 1-1

灰色涂料

钢梯由厂家配合设计

灰色小青瓦屋面

10.187(结构标高 )

10.600

10.300

高度以实测为准 10.187(结构标高 ) 参照原有住宅

1987 5987

600

8.200

钢结构玻璃雨棚详见厂家设计图纸 4001050

木地板 4.200

10387

10387

4600

3.600

1200

4.200

600

3.600

4200

3000

广场铺地

±0.000

±0.000

±0.000

200

200

-0.200

I-1 ・䶒മ

-0.200

4200

8500

8500

8150

29350

I-5

102

I-4

仿木铝合金窗

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I-3

I-2

清水砖墙

I-1

ࢆ・䶒മ

Section 5-5


屋面1

棚1

1 1:20 楼1

4

1:20

地1

棚1

2

3

1:20

1:20

楼2

2

楼1

1:20

1 1:20 参楼2

3

1:10

4

1:20

5

1:20

Construction detail

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Entrance of the Information Centre

Qingming Square

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Second Floor of the Exhibition Wall

Second Floor of the Exhibition Wall

Facade of the Exhibition Wall

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Interior Construction

Inside-out Museum Fall 2011 Built Project (in process) Design Phase: Interior Construction Document Company: OBRA Architects Design team: Pablo Castro, Kang Shin Kook, Koizumi Atsushi, Peng Chaiyu Site: Beijing, China Software: AutoCAD Major responsibility: construction drawings, checking red-line, client liaison, keeping meeting minutes, correspondence, developing cutsheet, translating

The project locates in the suburban area of Beijing, part of a building complex designed by CAG (China Architecture Design & Research Group) which includes interconnected workshops, studios, an art center and a museum. The area is an emerging suburban art center attracting a number of designers and artists in and out of Beijing. With continuous communication with the client and the local design institute, the interior construction project aims to fully realize the vision of the client which is simple, open and modern, resonate with the design concept of the LDI. and provide insight professional modification suggestions for potential problems for future use. Design harmonized with the serenity of the natural space through the use of defuse cove light, natural materials, ethereal colors, focusing in details and quality control with full consideration of local construction capacity and accessibility of materials.

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Easthampton Villa

Pool House Summer 2011 Bidding project

Design Phase: Schematic Design Company: David Ling Architect Design team: David Ling, Shari Schneit, Danny Dangel Software: Photoshop, Rhino,V-ray Major responsibility: developing concept, 3d-modeling, rendering, post-production

A waterfront property locates in a previous bay in East Hampton with well-preserved natural vegetation and open scenery towards the sea. Design resonates with the tranquility of the environment and minimalism aesthetic sense of the client, fully realizes the vision of the client, creates open flowing interconnected interior and exterior space with through minimum architectural components. Form meets function for a single artist with great interest in nature and swimming and also available for occasional intimate party with friends.

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Pool perspective

Exterior perspective

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Design Development Sectional Model

Leblon Office Building Jan 2012

1110 10

KANG KA ANG NG H Huidan uid uida ui daan an I Portfolio Port Po rtfo rtfo folilio

Design Phase: Design Development Company: Richard Meier & Partners Architects LLP Major responsibility: facade, partitions, floor plates, context Collaborator: Steven Sze, Kevin Browning Scale: 1:100


Design Development Model

Mitikah Office Tower Dec 2011(in process) Design Phase: Design Development Company: Richard Meier & Partners Architects LLP Major responsibility: partitions, shadow box details, louvre details Collaborator: Steven Sze, Kevin Browning Scale: 1:500 and 1:200

Facade of the Exhibition Wall

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IFoU the Randstadt Challenge

Bridging the islands Summer 2009 International joint design studio Instructor: Marc Aurel Schnabel, Hendrik Tieben, John Westrik Collaborator:Yiling Lin, Huijun Zeng, etc Site: Rotterdam, Netherland

The international joint design studio, as part of the IFOU (international forum of Urbanism) activities on 2009, was held in The Netherlands, hosted by TU Delft. In line with the general goals of the Forum and focus on the up-to-date urban debate, the IFoU Summer School 2009 theme tackled the Dutch government call who wishes that the highly urbanized region in the west of the country - the Randstad - to develop into a sustainable and competitive European top region. The project locates in Kop van Zuid, one of the traditional residential area in Rotterdam. An open space network system is proposed to bridging the separated residential communities. Tianjin Binhai New City

New Tianjin Fall 2008 Internship design project Instructor: Wenyi Zhu Collaborator: Hong zhang, Lu Fan, Qian Shang, Jun Lan etc Site: Tianjin, China

The urban planning project locates in the Tianjin, one of the most important coastal cities in North China. The planning covers 2750 square kilometers, including Tanggu, Hangu, Dagang, Jinnan and part of Dongli District of Tianjin city. Open space network system is essential in the area. Transportation network which allows direct connection to waterfront and comb-like green land system become the major urban structure. Locale and sustainable development strategies are proposed in respect of the unique historical, social and cultural context in each district.

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charcoal sketch I Cave-dwelling in Caijia Village, Shaanxi Province, China, 2007

Pen sketch I Tongtai Bridge, Danxia Mountain, Shaoguan, China, 2008

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Study of Cave-dwelling in Caijia Village, Shaanxi Province I 2007 summer survey internship

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Design Portfolio