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Issue 8 Volume 30 First Copy Free

Prescott, Arizona Since 1984

Wednesday, Januar y 22, 2014

Aviation History Presents The Drones of Vietnam

ELI OLSON Correspondent

On Wednesday, Jan. 15, the monthly aviation history lectures completed their 50th entry with a presentation by retired Colonel John Dale. Col. Dale was involved with a now declassified program to use unmanned vehicles to perform reconnaissance in eastern Asia. Since then he has done quite a bit of consulting on unmanned aircraft. The need for reconnaissance during the Cold War and the dangers of circumstances such as weather and enemy fire lead to the creation of over 30 remotely piloted aircraft. These aircraft were specialized for each task and would be caught by specialized helicopters rather than landing. Retrieval involved a helicopter catching the lines of the drone’s parachute and pulling it up with a winch, however modifications had to be made to account for the rapid swinging motion of the drones that resulted. These aircraft flew at all elevations and would often be fired upon by surface-toair missiles and MiG fighter planes. Col. Dale stated that one of his favorite parts of the job was the mind games that were played between his unit and the groups

Photos by Jason Chong / Horizons Newspaper Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University hosts Aviation History presentatons. Col. John Dale gives a history on drones.

trying to shoot down their drones, when their reconnaissance aircraft were first targeted at lower altitude they created decoys so that the real planes could fly over while the attacking craft refueled. Once the decoys were discovered and ignored then they went back to using that same model of plane for actual reconnaissance.

The group’s home base had been Davis-Monthan Air Force Base near Tucson but operated in many different regions around eastern Asia, especially China, North Korea and Northern Vietnam. At one point they were operating out of the only friendly airport in Northern Vietnam.

Most of the drones used were built using black budget funds, meaning that they were a hidden part of the country’s R&D budget. Many of the designs were variants of the 147 series, which were themselves inspired by target practice aircraft. The various missions included gaining information on the positions

of various forces and prison camps with photography and observation of communications to obtain information. The lowest altitude flights served to obtain very detailed pictures and operated in very low ceiling altitudes. One famous-

Welcome Back Students

Welcome back to sunny, beautiful Northern Arizona! With the “Polar Vortex” coinciding with the return of many of our students, there were some definite challenges our students faced getting back for the spring semester, especially if travel brought you through the northeast or midwest. I read on-line that over 9000 flights were cancelled in four days! While faculty were, understandably, cooperative in excusing students who missed classes as a result of travel delays, students still are charged with having to make

What’s Inside News








Forensic Biology Major Announced IACURH Confrence SGA Update

Activity Fair Dueling Pianos Return What Are Your New Years Resolutions? New and Improved Fittness Center Black Sheep Rugby Roses are Red, What are You? Language Corner

up any missed assignments. Hopefully, by the time this article appears in Horizons, all of you have been able to return to classes and gotten caught up with your assignments. I sincerely hope you had an excellent holiday, allowed yourself some recovery time from your academic pressures from fall semester and, especially, final exams. I also hope you were able to reconnect with friends and, most importantly, spend some quality time with your loved ones.

Activity Fair Attracts Students B1

Our entire family, including my five year old grandson went on a seven day Caribbean Cruise. It was great to be snorkeling just three days before Christmas – reminded us of the years we spend in Australia, where it was often over 100 F during the holidays – as you may have seen at the Australian Open! Now that you are back and “getting into the groove” so to speak, I wanted to thank you for your support for our “Bystander Awareness Campaign.” I heard numerous stories from students who intervened in their friends’ lives, when they witnessed potentially unsafe or dangerous actions. The proverbial “friends don’t let friends drive drunk” can be expanded to any situation.

I was personally involved with numerous students who were in the beginning stages of some serious difficulties that we were able to assist as a result of friends coming forward and saying something. Too often, we, as individuals, fail to recognize that our decisions and actions are detrimental to our personal success. We find ourselves following a pathway that hinders our ability to perform in a positive manner, but cannot seem to recognize our negative actions or, worse yet, we recognize we’re in a rut, but cannot seem to alter our negative behavior. That’s when the intervention of friends, roommates or fellow students can provide an opportuni-

see DRONE page A3

ty for us to face the consequences of our decisions. When this intervention happens early enough, we are often able to acknowledge our mistakes and alter our behavior before the consequences are too severe. Please, continue to watch out for your brothers and sisters and support their success. Without some intervention, too often, individuals inadvertently continue to repeat their habits – even self-destructive habits. With the support of others who care, we can all benefit and, hopefully, keep our problems as minimal as possible. We’re all in this together and together, we are stronger!

Welcome back, we hope you have an excellent Spring semester! Larry Stephen, Dean of Students

Dueling Pianos Return B2

New Fitness Center C1



Jan. 22, 2014

ERAU is Represented at IACURH Conference Michelle Bennett Correspondent

The Residence Hall Association, or RHA, is an organization that represents the student body presiding on campus. At the end of November, a group of RHA members from Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University traveled to Provo, Utah where Brigham Young University (BYU) was hosting the annual Intermountain Affiliate of College and University Residence Halls (IACURH) conference. This conference’s purpose was to allow all of the RHA members of the intermountain region to interact and learn from each other. Many schools from the region were present at the conference

with groups ranging from three to a group to as large as 50. The weekend was composed of dozens of workshops and planned events for stu-

Michelle Bennett / Horizons Newspaper Cody Veltri, Caleb Pryor, Alexander Kimball and Evan Hardie meet with other RHA members to improve Embry-Riddle.

Staying Safe Anonymously Jake Suss Online Editor

You may have noticed recently on the school’s desktop backgrounds that safety has a new anonymous tip line. If not, they encourage you to learn more about this system that helps keep our campus crime free, and lets students maintain their anonymity. The tip line actually is not an entirely new creation; safety maintained a similar system in the past that helped successfully run down several complaints. Safety Officer Marie Malzahn says that the tip line “has already solved a few cases, even though it was apparently not well known.” The way the system works is really quite simple. First, someone calls the phone number, which is 777.4688, or just 4688 on an on-

AIRMEDIA linda parker Special to Horizons

The library is now offering complete HD wireless presentation in our newest study room 241. With it, you can use your mobile devices at meetings to present, collaborate, and share content wirelessly and it couldn’t be easier. The system is called AirMedia and with it, you can come in and wirelessly present PowerPoint, Excel, Word and PDF documents, as well as photos, from your personal iOS or Android mobile device on the room display.

dents to enjoy and meet other students. The conference gave students the opportunities to expand their ideas to improve RHA on their own campus. In

campus phone. That person then leaves a message on the hotline’s answering machine describing the problem or crime. A safety supervisor checks the messages daily to ensure they take prompt action on the complaints. After receiving a message, safety officers proceed to investigate the claim and work to stop or prosecute the violator. Because the message machine does not track or store phone numbers, the machine is completely anonymous. Safety hopes that the ability to remain nameless will encourage observers to report a crime, rather than just walking away. “It does work,” says Officer Malzahn. Safety hopes that as they make the program better known that more people on campus will make use of it and enable safety to be even more successful at keeping our campus safe and crime free. MacBook and PC laptops can be connected seamlessly, as well, making presentations from almost any device fast and easy. AirMedia makes it easy to view and share content and collaborate. Using Quad View, up to four presenters’ content can be displayed simultaneously. We are very excited to offer this to our students. It is currently in beta-testing and we are looking for students who are interested in being part of a focus group. If you would like to give it a try, please reserved room 241 [http://pr.erau.libcal. com/] in the library. If you are interested in being part of a focus group, please contact Joanne Evanoff at 928.777.3802 or [joanne.].

the Embry-Riddle group, there were two delegates: a national communications coordinator (NCC), a president, and an advisor. The delegates went to a series of workshops that provided tools to improve leadership, expand new ideas for events, and to have fun! The goal of the workshops were to meet and interact with students from other schools, to learn from others, and return to their university with an expanded vision of what RHA can do for students at their campus. The NCC and president went to boardroom meetings where they discussed and voted on issues that affect the region. The advisor went to advisor resource training (ART) sessions. These sessions were for the professional development of the advisors to learn student development theo-

ries and the differences and challenges between advising and managing. Advisors also participated in discussions about large issues organizations have including recruitment, retention and advertising. In preparation for the conference, each school was required to make a banner and a skit. Each year, IACURH has a theme that reflects what the conference is trying to accomplish. This year’s theme was “Play Your Part.” With this theme, each school was required to make a banner and “roll call,” or a small performance to introduce all the members which could either be presented live or in a video. This gave the atmosphere of the conference a high spirited, engaging, and lively feel. Ears were ringing with cheers, either praising the mascot, their own school, or the whole conference.

As well as coming to the conference for the workshops and experience, each school brought various items including socks, toothbrushes, toothpaste, and lotion to support BYU’s philanthropy. One of the events students participated in at the conference was to fill Christmas stockings with these items that were to be later given to the less fortunate for the holidays. Along with putting on programs for students on campus, RHA is also responsible for PR Movies, an online streaming movie network that was previously known “Riddle Vision,” and being a resource to students to voice their opinions on housing. Through IACURH, RHA at Embry-Riddle can provide new and exciting activities and opportunities for the residents on campus.

Forensic Biology Major Introduced Sofia Newton Correspondent

The Fall 2014 semester will mark the beginning of a new forensic biology major at EmbryRiddle Aeronautical University. This is an exciting and long overdue addition to the university’s science education. The new major is a four year program with an emphasis in biology, chemistry and law. Students will also be required to take Global Security and Intelligence Studies courses on procedure and evidence handling. New courses will include organic chemistry, microbiolo-

gy, molecular and cell biology, human anatomy and physiology, biochemistry, and forensic DNA analysis. DNA technology will be the main focus of the program because of the high demand of certified technicians in the forensic field. Current lab renovations in Building 17 will have state-ofthe-art equipment for forensics and biology, equipment that will be used to train students in the proper handling of DNA. A new lab building is in the making and will have two more biology labs and a chemistry lab. Possible collaboration with Yavapai College is possible for classes such as

human anatomy and physiology, as those classes require a lab with a cadaver, which ERAU does not have access to. Dr. Elizabeth Long is heading the forensic biology program. She has over a decade of experience working with DNA technology and doing genetics research. Professor Karen Meunier and Dr. Brian Nordstrom are other faculty that are involved in the program. The university plans to hire another chemistry professor after the first year of the program and two new biology professors after the second year. There are already several students that are interested in the new major that attend the

school, as well as possible incoming freshmen. The athletic department has also found the forensic biology major as a good recruiting tool. The program satisfies medical and dental school entry requirements and provides a good base for students interested in physical therapy. One of the main advantages of this major at ERAU is that students come out of it with all the knowledge and experience to be licensed and certified by the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, a certification that usually requires a Master’s Degree. Students that complete the program are ready to join the forensic biology field and succeed.

Smoked Out? How Society Changes Paulo Chan Correspondent

One semester after the implementation of the no smoking policy, the effects of the enforcement have been noticeable. Some might wonder whether draconian methods of punishment were doled out to smokers in order to achieve these results. The truth is quite different. The grand majority of people affected by the no smoking policy have been the student smokers on campus. For the most part they have obeyed the no smoking policy and go outside campus grounds to light one up. However they are quite disgruntled about the policy. A student smoker commented that it’s not really something to get up in arms about but really more of an inconvenience. Other smokers on campus agree with that idea. They also do have their own ideas about how the no smoking policy should have been implemented. “I think they should have had a smoking zone somewhere within campus,” a student said.

There are a minority of students that do smoke on campus, in violation of the no smoking policy. This is when the safety department jumps in to enforce the no smoking policy. Michael Brady, director of campus safety, said that people caught smoking are told to extinguish and properly dispose of their cigarette. The great majority simply apologizes, follow directions, and get on with their lives. On occasion there are those who refuse in which case further disciplinary actions have been handed out. There are those who seek clever hiding places to smoke to avoid getting caught. Those people are some of the worst offenders in the eyes of enforcers of the no smoking policy. “It’s primarily for the safety of the campus,” Brady said talking about why students shouldn’t subvert the smoking policy. Fires can be started from smokers hiding in the bushes and smokers who take off the smoke detectors inside their dormitories put the entire building at risk should a real fire erupt. Brady suggested that students should just find time to

smoke outside campus. “Times have changed,” he said talking about how 30 years ago it was acceptable and almost expected to smoke in an office and now it’s banned in most work areas. Both parties in this matter however did agree that the enforcement of the no smoking policy has been, for the most part, dealt with in a professional and friendly manner. None of the anonymous smokers I’ve talked to have had trouble with faculty and student faculty enforcing the no smoking policy; and the same goes for the safety officers whose had to deal with smokers on campus. Students are just advised to follow the no smoking policy

that the university has put out and that they shouldn’t try and be sneaky. However smokers are still quite upset by this policy and the fact that there have been no efforts made to accommodate them within campus. While intentions may have been good in the implementation of the no smoking policy, many students and some staff have been inconvenienced by the policy. Some are quietly protesting this policy hoping to somehow find a compromise. As one student put it “Whether you choose to treat your body like a temple or like a frat house, the choice should still be yours.”


Jan. 22, 2014


Student Goverment Update Dentistry, in the heart of downtown Prescott KA Meron MerCado Special to Horizons

Welcome back Eagles! Ready for round two? Well we are all half way to the end of this year and SGA is primed to help you finish. The first of the month started with Dueling Pianos, which was successfully hosted by BCA. BCA has some more events planned for the rest of January including the stand-up comedian, Sammy Obeid, a private showing of Enders Game and a performance from the “Dubstep” Violinist, Josh Vietti. There has also been the Activity Fair on Jan. 16 hosted by the Department of Student Life. Looking more towards ERAU clubs, get your club budgets ready, SGA will be holding the Spring Budget Committee Jan. 29; that means budget proposals must be

We’re open on weekends!

turned into the SGA office by Jan. 27, at the latest. In addition, if you think you have what it takes to be on the Student Government, then get ready to campaign. SGA will be holding the annual elections for executive council late February

and representative elections early March. On another note, SGA would like to thank the students for all of their support throughout the Fall semester. From everybody here in SGA, we wish you all an amazing semester!

Flight Students Prepare for Transcontinental Air Race rYan alBreCht Special to Horizons

Our Ladies are at it again. Our female pilots here at the flight line are preparing to once again participate in the next Air Race Classic which takes place this June. The Air Race Classic is an all women transcontinental race that takes place every year. The first race took place in 1929. The race was originally called the Women’s Air Derby and included a field of 20 women pilots including Amelia Earhart. Today, teams spend months even years preparing and perfecting their strategies and skills. The start and finish of this transcontinental race changes every year and covers on average 2,400 nautical miles where up to 50 aircraft race as fast as they can go for up to four days through the unforgiving heat, windy conditions, and the afternoon thunderstorms of June. These racers endure long restless days in competition, searching for that elusive first place trophy. The team who is able to fly the fastest ground speed over the duration of the race versus their airplanes

handicap speed is the winner. The teams may be all women, but make no mistake and don’t let the friendly smiling faces fool you. The competition is real and it is fierce. In addition to racing for first place overall, there is a sub-category of collegiate racers. There are typically a half dozen or so college teams that compete in the race every year. Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Prescott has been competing in this race every year since 2009 and we have

anowski (Coach, and Alt. Co Pilot), Hannah Rooney (Alt. Pilot), and Krystal Megha (Alt. Pilot). This year the race starts on June 16 in Concord, Calif. (KCCR). The race route then makes its way through Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, and then ends in New Cumberland, Pa. (KCXY). We have an amazing group of ladies involved with the race this year. Please show your support sporting your Air Race Stickers. You can get them by

“Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Prescott has been competing in this race every year since 2009 and we have placed in the top 10 for four of the past five years.” placed in the top ten for four of the past five years. Our racers this year are Kristin Garcia (Pilot), Marlene Wessel (Co Pilot), supported by their ground crew and alternate pilots Anna Chrz-

asking any Air Race Team Member. We also have great news for the Embry-Riddle community. The 2016 Air Race Classic will start in Prescott, Ariz. and end in Daytona Beach, Fla.

Allan S. Szeto, DMD 107 N. Cortez St., Suite 202 Prescott, AZ 86301 (928) 778.2823

creating beautiful smiles


Continued from A1 picture obtained by these flights was of a pilot looking straight up from his cockpit into the camera of the drone, this was even more notable as the project was still classified at the time.

One major mission that could only be done by unmanned aircraft was to be shot down to gain information on how the surface to air missile systems were working and what could be done to minimize their effectiveness. Others served for more indirect aid purposes by dropping leaflets to attempt to convince people to defect to

America or otherwise make them less likely to attack. Others would drop chaff to temporarily confuse radar. A shorter lived set of missions focused on night launches with infrared cameras to observe movements, disappointingly the main thing that communist forces were doing at the time was sleeping.

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Micaela Stewart Copy Editor

The Science Speaker Series, previously the Astrophysics Colloquium, had their first presentation Tues. Jan. 14 in AC-107. The speaker, Dr. Ron Rutowski, came up from Arizona State University’s School of Life Sciences to present his research presentation titled Iridescent Color Signals in Animals: Production, Functions and Perceptions. Dr. Rutowski is the Director of the PhD program at ASU for Animal Behavior. His research is focused on the behavior and mating patterns in animals, especially butterflies. Rutowski started his presentation with acknowledgements to all the people and organizations who contributed to his research, especially a few undergraduate and graduate students who worked on the paper with him. He then went on to talk about the diversity of color and patterns in animal life. He touched on how there are many mechanisms in the animal’s biology that lead to these fantastic iridescent and vibrant color displays. Butterflies, Rutowski says, have 3 different mechanisms that make their wings so breathtaking. On the surface of the wings are shingle-like structures where the color we see is expressed. The wing structure itself is both an intricate and delicate struc-

ture that interacts with light to create a broadband reflection off even just one of the scales on the wing. Within the structure are bead-like structures called pterin pigments which absorb certain wavelengths of light only allowing certain wavelengths to reflect back. For example, a Monarch Butterfly is predominantly orange, black, red or yellow, therefor the pigments would absorb the blues, greens and violets only allowing those other colors the be seen. The next topic addressed by Rutowski, was about how these amazing colors and pigments are produced and what contributes to the variety of hues and strengths of the colors in members of the same species. Biologists think the production of color may partly depend on what happens during development and upon genetics in general. What conditions and situations the animal faces in those early stages of life could also contribute to a brighter or duller color scheme. Diet has already proved to be a factor is some birds coloring like the Cardinal or the Flamingo. All these factors and others are considered when studying the coloration of animals. Iridescent coloration they found comes from structural elements in the animal’s physiology and are fascinating when studied from different angles. To display some of these remarkable traits, Rutowski showed a video of a Pipevine Butterfly slowed down

so you could see the different colors that appeared as it flapped its wings. Rutowski has been studying this species looking at what the colors mean to others of their species. He studies the colors through three parameters; intensity, hue and chroma. He is trying to determine if there are correlations through differing levels of intensity, hue and chroma in males that attract females to mate with them. He outlined various experiments at the Desert Botanical Gardens he conducted to test some of the theories he and his team came up with. They received some valuable insight on how the color signals communicate to the female and what they do to show it off during mating. One particular stunt the Pipevine pulled was a swooping motion right in front of the female, most likely to show off their coloration and probably other things as well. The presentation was on a different subject matter than talks in other semesters but was informative all the same. Rutowski gave an engaging talk that might make the audience look at butterflies differently or at least try taking a closer look. As usual, pizza was provided and people were encouraged to come again. This semester should prove interesting with the transition to the Science Speaker Series and open up the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University community to a different set of subjects to contemplate.

Jan. 22, 2014

Theta Tau Arrives Eli olson Correspondent

When most freshmen arrive on campus they plan on joining one or two clubs, but one group has brought a national organization to EmbryRiddle Aeronautical University, and is already looking at the next step. A group of less than a dozen students worked through the fall semester to bring a new professional organization to campus, Theta Tau. The groups’ formation was motivated by freshman Jordan Savoy, who first heard of Theta Tau when visiting a friend who was a member at the University of California-San Diego. While there she enjoyed the social environment so much that she wanted to spread it to EmbryRiddle when she attended. She then asked her friend Joe Mehltretter to help her form the colony. In an early meeting the two were easily elected President and Vice President. After making their decision the groups earliest members were gathered via Facebook and put in contact with members’ roommates and friends. Even so, many students who

were interested early in the semester fell away as time went on until only the core group now present remained. One of the greatest difficulties of the process of forming the colony was dealing with differences between what the national organization expects of a potential colony and what Embry-Riddle requires of an organization. Getting established on campus was comparatively easy; the minimum number of members was far less than that required by the national organization. The national process was more complicated, even involving a representative flying in to discuss the process of forming a colony. Though smaller than the normal size the branch was approved by the national office due to a highly ambitious approach to the process. President Jordan Savoy directly attributes their acceptance to a desire to organize both Relay for Life and Operation Smile activities in the next year. The significant size of these commitments impressed the national leaders enough to accept the application. Jordan Savoy credits much of the groups’ quick development to its members, claiming

that their personalities made organization much easier. The decision to include Relay for Life was also influenced strongly by Jordan, having spent three years in high school planning such events. She was determined to bring them to Embry-Riddle and the students of Theta Tau’s willingness made that much easier. For the long term the group is similarly ambitious, within one year they aim to move up to chapter status, granting them a greek name among the national community as well as full standing within the national organization. In addition they want to host various professional development and resume workshops for the campus and work on bringing engineering to local high schools. The possibility of entering engineering competitions as a group has even been discussed. Eventually they intend to be the most professional group on campus and have alumni meet with each other for years to come. The Embry-Riddle branch of Theta Tau will be officially installed during a closed ceremony on Feb. 1, and will begin recruiting new members in the 2014 fall semester.

Wednesday, January 22, 2014

Section B



It is that time again! The time when clubs, organizations and community members come out and show off their stuff to new prospective members. On Jan. 16, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University kicked of the new semester with the traditional semester Activity Fair. Like every other semester the Activity Fair is an opportunity for student clubs, professional organizations and intramural sports teams to recruit new members for the coming semester. This semester’s Activity Fair was a little lean but many clubs and organizations were still out in force chatting and having fun connecting with the other clubs on campus. A few new faces at the EmbryRiddle Activity Fair were from the community. The Girl Scouts of America were there looking for students interested in volunteering with the organization

and working at their numerous summer camps. Also there was the Prescott Adventure Club, the Yavapai Humane Society, the Boys & Girls Club, the Valley Hobby Shop and the Prescott United Methodist Church. Also new to the Activity Fair was the Prescott Juggling Club founded by Frank Cardamona. Members were out on the floor giving lessons and showing off their skills at juggling. Cody Williams, a member of the club and juggling teacher, was out there giving lessons on the spot and introducing students to the Chinese yoyo. Many of the older clubs have a lot planned for this semester. Some like The College Republicans are working on hosting an electoral debate March 20 at Embry-Riddle. Already they have confirmation from Ken Bennett, Kristin Jones, Scott Smith and Doug Ducey, all members of the Arizona Republican party, to attend the debate. The Brotherhood of Steel has moved their meeting to Saturdays from one to

five and the members are looking forward to a metallurgist from the community coming this semester to give them a lesson on techniques and tricks they can use to improve their skills. A new organization that started a branch this semester is AFCEA. It is a global organization that focuses on the ethical and responsible sharing of information and technology for the betterment and growth of the knowledge of the world. They explore issues that deal with national security, technology and communication between people around the world. Other organizations represented were the American Association of Airport Executives, IEEE, the American Association of Safety Science and many others. Sports were well represented as well as the various martial arts clubs on campus. Challenge Yourself did another amazing demonstration of the skills you learn through their club. Black Sheep Rugby, hockey, and fenc-


I recently had the pleasure to speak with Matthew Schwartz, a rising musician hailing from Los Angeles, about his experiences in the music industry and what makes him, as a musician, tick. It turns out; rock stars start off just like normal people. As a kid, Schwartz had all the same dreams of becoming a firefighter, astronaut, or baseball player that most kids have, but then he realized that he lacked the motivation to do these and turned to his pastime of music. He was lucky that his mother had spent his entire life teaching him music. The first big break Schwartz had was to join a band named Chasing Kings where he performed as the lead singer. Together, they released an album entitled “The Current State of Our Future.” This album contained six songs in the alternative pop genre. I personally found Chasing Kings’ music excellent and their music could play the airwaves and fit in right alongside the more well-known songs of the genre. But unfor-

tunately, the band fell on hard times and the members did what anyone else would do; clinical trials and busking. It was during this time, while everyone was lined up in full hospital gowns and going “full on lab rat,” that Schwartz heard from a friend of his about a band that needed another member to go on tour. Happy to ditch the robes for real clothes, Schwartz auditioned for and was accepted to the Cold War Kids shortly after they had finished their record “Dear Miss Lonely Hearts.” He has been on tour with them since and is currently in studio helping them record their newest album. When asked if he’d return to Chasing Kings after his contract, he left it open-ended, replying that “we’ll see what happens in the next few months.” But fear not for the rest of Chasing Kings, they have all been able to leave the Umbrella test facilities and join other bands. When asked about his favorite part of being a musician: the beautiful women, the loads of money, light work schedule, or any other part, Schwartz simply replied, “Yep.” But I soon found out that the music industry is not all fun and games.

When inquiring about the craziest thing that Chasing Kings had done to make a gig happen, Schwartz had quite the story. To get a gig in Hollywood, the band brought the money in a ziplock bag and brought it with them to breakfast at IHOP. Naturally, IHOP is always an adventure and when the band left, the baggy was no longer with them. Not to be deterred by something as trivial as the loss of the venue payment, the band busked, begged, and emptied their bank accounts to fill the missing cash. The gig happened but the baggy was never recovered. When asked to give some advice to the students of EmbryRiddle Aeronautical University, specifically, why being a musician is better than being a pilot, engineer, or spy, Schwartz wasn’t entirely sure that it was. However, he did add this tidbit: “if considering espionage, I would certainly propose being a musician as a front.” So to all Global Security students reading this, BCA had better see an increased attendance at Karaoke Night. For the full article and copy of the interview, please go online to [].

ing are other active clubs anyone could join. The Mountain Club and the Eagle’s Nest were there to find others interested in climbing. Less sporty but none the less active was the Assembly of Ballroom Dancers recruiting people who want to participate and learn ballroom dancing. University organizations like the Student Alumni Association, International Student Association and the Board of Campus Activities were there to inform students of the opportunities within the university itself. RHA outdid themselves again with the crazy costumes and overall enthusiasm towards their organization. Some members of RHA were seen perusing the booths as a king and another in a rather starry tutu. It seemed everyone was having a great time talking about their clubs and meeting new people. 8 o’clock marked the end of another successful Activity Fair at Embry Riddle. Great job clubs and good luck with the new year!

Jake Suss/ Horizons Newspaper A Weather Club student gives a demonstration.


“Mine’s more an ultimatum. I’m required to get As and Bs this semester. I hope it works out!” – Joseph Ballace, Freshman

“I want to be healthier, but I’ve been putting it off every week. I’m trying though!” – Rebecca Childs, Senior

What Are Your New Year’s Resolutions and Have You Kept Up With Them? By: Eli Olson and Michelle Bennett

“I want to fly more. I will be keeping up with it this weekend.” – Jeremy Davalos, Senior

Photos by: Jason Yong

“I want to run a marathon this year. I’ve been training more than usual.” – Garrett Trahern, Sophomore


DAVID KRANTZ Editor in Chief

Once again the dueling pianos returned and they were better than ever. With the dynamic duo of Randy Keith and Ryan Miles at the keys there wasn’t any song request that went untouched. The event was a great start to the semester with the BCA event kick off last Friday, Jan. 10. The evening started off fast paced as the two piano players squeezed in as many songs as they could before the sea of requests began to flood in, opening with loud sing-a-long type songs such as “Leroy Brown.” Whether attendees came for the free beer or for the entertainment, the entire Lower Hangar was packed with students and faculty a like. One thing that the crowd always loves is the new combinations of songs that these guys play each time they visit. As Sophomores Marina Koepke and Adrian Castillo stated, “It was awesome! But I don’t think I’ve ever been trolled out of ‘Don’t Stop Believing’ with ‘Wrecking Ball.’” With songs flying by, the pianists continually urged the crowd to sing along. Later on in the evening after the 21 and over section had most of their beers, the big time country and sing-a-long songs came out, and of course by this point every-

one was having such a good time that you could barely tell the difference between the two sections. “The crowd in the drinking section really gave a festive atmosphere,” said sophomore student Mark Tverskoy. And that atmosphere took over the entire crowd making it one of the liveliest school events. Even the country fans out in the crowd loved it. Garrett Laging said, “it’s too bad there aren’t as many country lovers. I’m from south Texas but I still liked all the other 70s and 80s songs. They played great!” Each year more and more people show up to this

event and it has become one that is not to be missed. When interviewed after the show both Randy and Ryan said, “our favorite part of performing is the energy that comes from the crowd when their requests are played and the fact that we get paid to do what we love, which is helping people have a great time!” Each year the duo comes back they stir a larger and larger crowd with everything from old classics to the latest pop hits. So if you missed them this time around, be sure to see them next time they come back.

Jake Suss / Horizons Newspaper Ryan Miles blasts out another tune for the crowd.

Advertising Manager

The Colt 1861 Navy is a six shot revolver invented by Samuel Colt. A modernized version of the Colt 1851 Navy, the 1861 came out just in time to garner massive use by both sides in the American Civil War. A favorite of soldiers, its many attributes make this unsurprising. From the Colt 1851, the caliber was increased from .36 to .44 during the Civil War. This gave soldiers much more power on the field which could often have been a deciding factor in their survival. Another change from the 1851 was shortening the barrel by one and a half inches to make the firearm more wieldable and faster out of the holster. When facing some of his competitors, Colt had one main attribute that made his weapon ideal for the battlefield: interchangeable parts. By 1860, many firearms were still handmade, which made replacing broken parts very difficult, and sometimes impossible. Colt utilized machines to mass produce his firearms which enabled a broken part to simply be replaced by an identical copy. His manufacturing

process became the standard that is still followed today. The Colt revolver was always ahead of its time in function. Reloading was performed by first setting the hammer to half cock, enabling the cylinder to turn. Each round was loaded similarly to a musket, pouring a measure of black powder and the bullet into the cylinder. The cylinder was then turned and each round and powder compacted by the press under the barrel. Lastly, a blast cap was placed over each round and the revolver was ready. While complex, contained cartridges were not in use yet. There was arguably nothing better at the time. For distribution, Colt did not care who received his firearms. Prior to the Civil War, Colt was notorious in Europe for selling his arms to both sides in a conflict. He felt no differently when the war was fought on US soil, and despite being a New Yorker, he sold his firearms to the Confederacy as well. This did not make him many friends and many tried to label him as a traitor. Despite this, he continued to sell his products. He died in 1862 and the business was transferred to his brother- inlaw Richard Jarvis.

An iconic firearm, the Colt 1861 was made even more famous or notorious by some of its owners. The 1861 became the standard sidearm of the Union and was prized by many Confederate officers as well. After the war, the revolver went out West. It found its way into the hands of lawmen and outlaws alike, seeing use from Dodge City to Tombstone. Captured during raids, they were used by the Sioux tribes during Custer’s Last Stand. The Colt 1861 would eventually be replaced by the Colt Single Action, known as the “gun that won the West.” Anyone seeking to collect one of these firearms would have two options. First, several companies such as Cimarron produce replicas which work nearly the same as an original would have in its days of glory. For safety reasons, a replica is recommended for shooting, as an original would have been around for more than a hundred years and therefore has a risk of catastrophic failure. For someone seeking a true piece of history, original models rarely go for less than several thousand dollars. Despite this, the firearm often comes with a colorful history true to its model.


Student Life Correspondent

On Feb. 22, 1943, German schoolgirl Sophie Scholl, her brother Hans, and their classmate were executed by Hitler’s judiciary court for speaking in opposition to the Third Reich’s government and the atrocities taking place against the Jewish population of Europe. The trio was arrested for printing and distributing anti-Hitler pamphlets and within four days the three of them were sent to the guillotine for treason against Germany. The three college classmates at the University of Munich courageously composed and printed “The White Rose” literature encouraging the citizens of Nazi Germany to oppose the German government and Hitler’s insane final solution of exterminating the Jewish people and anyone else the regime regarded as inferior. Scholl’s own father had spent time in a German prison for speaking up against Hitler to a coworker. There were spies and informants everywhere and people were so frightened they would turn in friends and relatives to the SS Police for casual remarks.

During the brief trial presided over by a tyrannical judge it was obvious that 21 year old Sophie Scholl was not going to back down even in the face of Hitler’s high court. Her resolute resistance to the atrocity of the trial and her imminent death earned her respect from the prison guards. Scholl was permitted to see her parents one last time and bid them goodbye along with her brother minutes before her execution. Next month will be the 70 year anniversary of the execution of the three young classmates. They were just three young people who did nothing more than recognize the lunacy of one man and strove to enlighten the campus community of the evils of the Nazi regime and to rise up and resist the wickedness of the government. Their pamphlet, named “The White Rose,” was also published under the title “Leaflets of the Resistance.” There were six leaflets written in all with the sixth pamphlet leading to their downfall and capture by the Gestapo. The arrest, trial, and execution all happened within four days of each other. During the trial Scholl, her brother Hans, and friend Christoph


RYAN O’HARA Correspondent

Mark Wahlberg, in my perspective, has been one of the most underrated actors in Hollywood for quite some time. When asked about the difficulty of the shoot itself, Wahlberg went on what many would describe as a rant. However, inside Wahlberg’s rant, was truth. Actors have to go through an adequate amount of training, especially in war films. Wahlberg’s rant came in light of some actors comparing themselves to military servicemen and women because they went through the training, which Wahlberg found extremely offensive. With that being said, Wahlberg was an excellent choice to portray Marcus Luttrell. His determination to try and make the most realistic






SOPHIE SCHOLL: stood resolute in their beliefs and were valiant in the face of an intimidating monkey trial of men driven to worship a demon. Or perhaps the court was more frightened by Hitler than a demon itself. Scholl stood her ground and said to the judge, “somebody after all had to make a start. What we wrote and what we said is also believed by many others. They just don’t dare express themselves as we did.” Later in the proceedings she said to him, “you know the war is lost. Why don’t you have the courage to face it?” These words spoken by a wee wisp of a girl infuriated the court presided over by judge Roland Freisler chief justice of the People’s Court of the Greater German Reich and they were convicted of treason and sentenced to death. When led to her execution young Sophie Scholl had been described by one observer as “without turning a hair, without flinching.” Christoph Probst was next. Hans Scholl was last and just before his beheading he cried out, “long live freedom!” Sophie and Hans Scholl, along with their friend Christoph Probst, are buried outside of Stadelheim Prison.


movies, as seen in films like “Shooter,” and “The Departed,” showed in “Lone Survivor.” Although the main trio of actors, including Taylor Kitsch, Emile Hirsch, and Ben Foster, had physically trained for their roles prior to filming, Luttrell organized a three-week training program in New Mexico, where elite military personnel trained the actors so they could feel the real impact of firing a military-grade weapon. This adds to the quality of the film. The message of this film could bring more people together, despite the sadness surrounding the impact of the War on Terror. What I got out of the film is this very meaningful message of, “fight for your brother, die for him, no matter what could happen.” The film is so realistic that many people may find the film difficult and brutal to watch. It’s


Dueling Pianos Return to ERAU

JAN. 22, 2014



terribly graphic, but that is the brutality of a war. The title of the film says it all, but it doesn’t take away from the film. Despite a predictable ending, you will find yourself hoping that somehow these young men will all prevail, although it won’t happen. This film will leave you heart-broken, but in the end, a much stronger individual. It’s entirely up to the parents, but I wouldn’t recommend taking young children to this movie, but when the time comes, I recommend them to watch this movie, a movie where American men sacrificed everything for our country. Despite not being as good as “Saving Private Ryan,” Peter Berg’s amazing work on this film, along with a career-defining performances by Wahlberg and the surrounding cast members, deserved a solid A in my book. For Horizons Newspaper


JAN. 22, 2014


Creamy No-Roux Stove Top Macaroni and Cheese MICAELA STEWART Copy Editor

Serves 4 to 6 Ingredients: 1 pound pasta, any shape 1 1/2 cups whole or 2 percent milk 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour 2-3 cups shredded cheese, like cheddar, monterey jack, or colby 1/2 teaspoon salt 1/4 teaspoon powdered mustard

Optional extras (cook before adding): Ham, bacon, onions, peas, mushrooms, peppers, broccoli, or cauliflower Instructions: 1. Boil the Pasta: Bring about 4 quarts of water to a boil over high heat in the pasta pot. Add the pasta and a tablespoon of salt. Cook until the pasta is al dente, about 8 minutes. Drain and set aside. 2. Warm the Milk: When the pasta has finished cooking, prepare the cheese sauce. Begin warming 1 cup of the milk in the saucepan over me-

dium heat. Whisk together the remaining 1/2 cup of milk and the flour until there are no lumps. When you just start to see tendrils of steam rising from the warming milk, whisk in the milk-and-flour mixture. Continue whisking gently until the milk thickens slightly to the consistency of heavy cream, 3-4 minutes. 3. Make the Cheese Sauce: Turn the heat to low and begin mixing handfuls of cheese into the milk. Stir in the salt and mustard. Stir until all the cheese has melted and the sauce is creamy. Taste and ad-

just the seasonings as desired. Remove the sauce from heat. 4. Combine the Pasta and Cheese Sauce: In a large serving bowl, combine the pasta and 1/2 of the cheese sauce. Stir to coat the pasta evenly. Add the second half of the sauce and any extra add-ins. 5. Serving and Storing Leftovers: Serve the mac and cheese immediately while still warm. Leftovers will keep for up to a week and can be reheated in the microwave. If the sauce is a little dry after reheating, mix in a splash of milk to make it creamy again.

This recipe was really easy to do. I even did most of it with only one hand while on the phone. I jazzed it up with a bit of other cheeses along with the cheddar. Additionally while I didn’t have mustard powder a small squirt of regular mustard did the trick. I wasn’t sure about adding mustard to the sauce but it was hardly noticeable and I believe it did make a difference in the overall flavor. I only made a small portion of pasta (spaghetti was all I had) so I just poured what I wanted on the noodles and put the rest in the fridge. I plan on using the

ONE BRAZILIAN HOOKER AND YOU’LL BE HOOKED Ingredients: Cheap Gin Pickle Juice This is quite the interesting drink. This isn’t the normal drink that I review, but I think probably one of the best I have had in a while. The Brazilian Hooker is a shot rather than an after-dinner drink.

To make the Brazilian Hooker you put half a shot of Gin and half a shot of pickle juice into your shot glass. This drink has a dynamic duo in the fact that it is very simple to make, and also provides a great flavor. The Brazilian Hooker is a salty drink, but also has the flavors of the forest, in the Gin, while get-

ting the taste of the vinegar in the pickle juice. I have only used classic dill pickle juice rather than the sweets or other flavors that are available. The substitutions can be made depending on what flavors you would like to have. But the overall taste shouldn’t change to much since it is a high vinegar content.

Veggie Corn Chowder By: Melea Rhodes 2 cups vegetable broth 2 c u ps c u b e d p e e l e d potatoes 1 cup chopped carrots 1/2 cup chopped onions 1 can (14 oz) cream-style corn 1 can (12 oz) evaporated milk 3/4 cup shredded cheddar cheese 1 / 2 c u p s l i c e d f re s h mushrooms 1/4 teaspoon pepper Veggie Corn Chowder is a great dish to make for lunch or dinner. Normally corn chowder is made with a meat based broth

and has bacon, but with these simple substitutions this vegetarian chowder is a tasty treat. In a large saucepan combine the broth, potatoes, carrots and onion. Bring it to a boil. After it has boiled reduce the heat. Let the vegetables simmer uncovered for 10-15 minutes or until the vegetables are tender. Then add corn, milk, cheese, mushrooms and pepper to the pot. Let this cook and stir 4-6 minutes longer until heated through. With this recipe be sure to use cream corn, otherwise the chowder will not thicken. This can be a mistake that will lead to runny soup.

I personally don’t like mushrooms, so if you don’t like any of these ingredients you can leave them out and the chowder will still taste good. Personally, this is one of my favorite recipes. It can be a little tedious to make because it takes a bit of time to put together, but it is definitely worth the wait. It is a great recipe for vegetarians since this is normally made with a meat based broth. By substituting it out and leaving out the bacon, it makes an awesome and scrumptious alternative. It is definitely a favorite for many people.

This creates a very nice blend of flavors that provide just the right amount of kick to realize there is alcohol in it, but also doesn’t overwhelm you with the punch in the gut, that most shots have. The basic flavors of each ingredient: Gin tastes like pine needles, while pickle juice has

a very strong salty flavor to it. Now I have to give my compliments to the creator of the drink, because this is no ordinary combination of things to mix together. This drink is a favorite to one of Embry-Riddle’s fastest females: Elaine Larsen, yes Elaine Larsen the driver

leftovers for maybe a broccoli casserole. Along with the pasta I added turkey kielbasa and some broccoli I had in the freezer. Cooking those before adding it to the pasta a sauce gave me a well-balanced meal and a bit of leftovers for later. This is a great recipe if you are craving mac ‘n’ cheese but don’t have a box of Kraft. Be sure to keep stirring so there are no lumps but besides that really simple one pan recipe. Clean-up was easy and it filled my craving for mac ‘n’ cheese. I think this is a great recipe to keep around when you want something a little different from Kraft.

By: Bryan Rhodes of Fury, the Jet Dragster our school built. If you are one that wants to hop into a car with a jet engine attached to it, then there is something different about you. So why wouldn’t you like a drink most people haven’t heard of ? Try this drink today and you surely won’t be dissapointed.


Wednesday, January 22, 2014

Section C


New and Improved Fitness Center

Navneet Singh / Horizons Newspaper

The fitness center opened on Friday, Jan. 10 at 6 a.m. On opening day, the new and imporved fitness center welcomed 200 students and faculty.

SOFIA NEWTON Correspondent

The day finally arrived for the unveiling of the new and improved Embr y-R idd le Aeronautical University fitness center. On the first day of the facility’s operation, almost 200 students and faculty showed up to try it out. The new fitness center combined

three freestanding facilities, all at different elevations. New rooms were added and existing rooms improved, resulting in a new locker room, aerobics room, cardio room, weight lifting area, and lobby. New equipment has been added such as state of the art cardio equipment, and traditional and power weight training equipment. The new fitness center was completed as phase three of

campus renovation and is designed to give a new face to Embry-Riddle recreational fitness. The project was delayed due to reallocation of funds, as the priority for the university is dorms, labs and classrooms. The first four to five days of operation saw a large number of patrons, which can be attributed to the anticipation of the new fitness center or New Year’s resolutions. Whatever

the reason, it is a good idea to recharge at the gym after the stress of coursework. The facility is intended primarily as a recreational center, and encourages students to work out with a partner or in groups. The new aerobics room can be reserved by a group and holds up to twenty people. The room is not finished yet, as the flooring is not done. When the room is ready, the yoga class that is cur-

rently offered in building 17 will be offered in the aerobics room. There is a possibility that other classes will be offered in the future, but it will require certified instructors. Credit hour classes have not worked out well in the past, so that idea will most likely not be entertained. The new center will require students and staff to check in using their Eagle card so that the Athletic department can

use the statistics to improve the experience and attend to the needs that arise. Current capacity estimates are around 100 people. They gym has been busy, but not filled to capacity, which is good for reducing the wear and tear on the equipment. The fitness center hours of operation are 6am to 10pm Monday through Friday and 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. Saturday and Sunday. Check it out!

Eagle Wrestling Season Overview SOFIA NEWTON Correspondent

With a month left until the wrestling regional tournament, the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University wrestling team is busy participating in matches up and down the western United States seaboard. ERAU is part of the West region in the NAIA, which includes Menlo College, Simpson University, Southern Oregon University, Great Falls University, and Montana State University. Together, these schools make the West region the toughest region in the NAIA; all the

schools are in the top 25 national ranking. The good news is, when wrestlers qualify for nationals from the west region, they are well prepared. The wrestling season begins mid-September with a focus on conditioning, to mid-March, when the national championship is held. The Jan. 25 is the last home meet against Menlo College. This will be Senior Night for the graduating seniors on the team. The team has been crippled by injuries, but a lot of young, new wrestlers are stepping up. Despite the team’s inconsistent performance, the coach is optimistic for the re-

gional championship and expects everyone to wrestle well. Last year, eight wrestlers from ERAU qualified for nationals, seven of whom are back to compete at regionals this year. To qualify for nationals, each wrestler has to finish in the top four, in their individual category, from regionals to go to nationals in March. The priority of the wrestling coach is to build up the program and get matches for all 25 wrestlers on the team. As the coach said: “Wrestling is the kind of thing that people don’t know much about, but come to a match or two and pretty soon, they become a fan.”

“Wrestling is the kind of thing that people don’t know much about, but come to a match or two and pretty soon, they become a fan.”-COACH ROCK


JAN. 22, 2014

Black Sheep Rugby DAVID GARCIA Special to Horizons

On Jan. 6, the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Prescott Blacksheep Rugby Football Club held their first practice of the season to get ready for their first game on Feb. 1. Rugby union, the most widely played variation of the game consists of 15 players per side. The ball can only move forward if it’s being carried by a player or if its kicked. In rugby union after the ball carrier is tackled the players “ruck” over the tackled player for possession of the ball, in other rugby leagues another variation of the game ends the play after the tackle. The reason rugby union resembles American football is because American football is based on rugby which is based on rugby union. In both variations of rugby, in order to score the player must touch the ball down on the try zone to score, if the ball carrier is inside he can still be tackled and if the ball doesn’t touch the ground while being held by the player

no points are scored. ERAU junior Joseph Talbot, vice president of the rugby club said that “the hardest part early on is to retrain the American football players on how to tackle, since the only protection a player can wear is a mouth guard, tackles are more than just throwing your body into the other person.” New players also have to deal with other rules such as not

blocking tacklers from the ball carrier. He feels confident about the current squad since most of them have played a full sized game before and the club is back in the Arizona Rugy Union after the team suffered a significant loss of players due mostly to graduation, “we basically re-

build the whole team from the ground up with only around five players with previous experience, graduations and lack of time due to all the school work takes a toll on the team, however we started recruiting outside of Riddle again and we expect to have a full sized team plus subs for the games.” Although based out of ERAU the team has players from Yavapai college, Prescott college and local residents and its open to anyone who wants to try. The club will also host its first home game in two years against the Thunderbird Rugby Club on Feb. 8, Talbot also expressed enthusiasm since “we will pretty much play a game each Saturday from the beginning of February until the end of March, even our newest players will fully understand how a game actually happens early on and will be better adapted to dealing with older teams.” Anyone looking to join the club can contact the club through Facebook under the name Prescott Blacksheep Rugy or can e-mail Joseph Talbot at []

JAN. 25

7 P.M.



JAN. 30

7 P.M.



FEB. 1

7 P.M.



FEB. 1

12 P.M.



FEB. 1

2 P.M.



Jan. 22 - Feb. 4

Thu 23

Fri 24

5:30 p.m. Gaming Night @ Student Union

12-1 p.m. LDS Religion Course @ Haas Chapel

6-8 p.m. Resident Assistant Info. Session @ Bld. 17

6 p.m. Dodgeball @ Eagle Gym

12:30-2:30 p.m. Muslim Student Prayers @ Haas Chapel

7-10 p.m. RHA-Blast from Your Past @ Student Union 9 a.m. -12 p.m. Free Haircuts for Men @ Project Aware Inc.*

Wed 29 11 a.m.-2 p.m. Social Justice Week Equality Bake Sale @ Lower Hangar 7-9 p.m. Yoga Night with Alpha Sigma Tau @ Bld 17 6:30-9 p.m. Sundogs Hockey Game @ Tim’s Toyota Center*

7-8 p.m. Henna and Nail Night with Alpha Sigma Tau @ Bld 17

6 p.m. Stogis and Hoagies @ Haas 7-9 p.m. Chi Alpha @ Haas Chapel

1:30-3 p.m. PPL LEGO Expo @ Prescott Public Library*

8-10 p.m. Smart Comedian Sammy Odeid @ DLC

6-9 p.m. Becky Dalke @ El Gato Azul*

7-10 p.m. Social Ballroom Dance Party @ Prescott Adult Center*

Thu 30

Fri 31

12-1 p.m. LDS Religion Course @ Haas Chapel

12-1 p.m. Social Justice Week Privilege Chains @ Bld 51

12:30-1:30 p.m. Social Justice Week V-Men @ Bld 51

7:30-9:30 p.m. Raisin’ Hell, Molly Ivins, DLC

7-8:30 p.m. Spring Tobacco Cessation Classes @ Yavapai Regional Medical Center

8-11 p.m. Enders Game Movie Showing, DLC


FEB. 2-4

ERAU Prescott Wed 22



Calendar of Events

Sat 25 5:30-6:30 p.m. Lords Church of Prescott @ Haas Chapel 7-9 p.m. Men’s Wrestling vs. Menlo College @ Activity Center

Sun 26 1:30 p.m. “Microcosmos” Free Movie @ Highlands Center 3:05-4:05 p.m. Central Arizona Concert Band @ DLC

Mon 27

Tue 28 12-1 p.m. LDS Religion Course @ Haas Chapel

12-1 p.m. Social Justice Week Soup Kitchen @ Bld. 51

12-1 p.m. Social Justice Week Tapped in Awareness @ Quad 5-7 p.m. Housing Application Help Session

10 a.m.-3 p.m. N. Arizona Bridal Expo @ Prescott Resort*

6-8 p.m. Careers in the US Foreign Service @ DLC

3-5:30 p.m. “Commencement” Prescott Film Festival @ Yavapai College*

Sat 1 5:30-6:30 p.m. Lords Church of Prescott @ Haas Chapel

Sun 2 9:30-10:30 a.m. Campus Christian Fellowship @ Haas Chapel 7:30-8:30 p.m. Catholic Service @ Haas Chapel

Mon 3

Tue 4

7-8:30 p.m. Spring Tobacco Cessation Classes @ Yavapai Regional Medical Center

12-1 p.m. LDS Religion Course @ Haas Chapel

Jake Suss / Horizons Newspaper

* Event from [] Erica Nieves battles with a defender.


Wednesday, January 22, 2014


Section D


United States of America: Why Train the Cambodian Military? RYAN O’HARA Correspondent

On Jan. 16, Cambodian military police began a 10-day training program with the U.S. military in Phnom Penh. However, questions are being raised as to why the U.S. continues to support the Cambodian military, despite overwhelming evidence of human rights violations. The Leahy Law prohibits the U.S. Department of State and the Department of Defense from providing military assistance to foreign military units that violate human rights with impunity. On Jan. 3, Cambodian military police opened fire on their own people with AK-47 assault rifles, killing five and injuring as many as 42 after they were deployed to break up a demonstration in the Pur Senchey district. If the United States should have given any assistance in this

matter, it should have gone to the Cambodian National Rescue Party. By supporting the Cambodian People’s Party, the United States has undoubtedly supported the communist side of the spectrum. As the son of a Cambodian immigrant who actually survived the original Khmer Rouge, I find myself appalled that this administration has literally turned their backs on my family, and others who came to the United States to escape the oppressive government. There are others in this country, unfortunately, who don’t understand how communists operate, especially in Cambodia. In Cambodia, if you don’t follow what you’re told, you’re done. CPP military spokesperson Kheng Tito doesn’t get to say what he wants to say. Tito is given talking points, filled with propaganda, and the people listen to that on a daily basis. For example, do you really think that

real ammunition was used against the innocent civilians in the Pur Senchey District? Well, you’re probably saying, “Well, duh! How else would it work?”

Well, Kheng Tito has been unsuccessful in trying to convince the average Cambodian that the ammo used to kill innocent civilians, was not real ammo. The

heads of totalitarian governments are always paranoid about losing power. That is why dictators, communists, and bad people in general in charge of a nation,

choose to capture or kill the educated members of society. That is what the Khmer Rouge did en route to murdering more than 2 million people. Kim Jong Un was paranoid over the fact that his Uncle may have been plotting to overthrow him from power. As a result, Kim Jong Un had his Uncle murdered and reportedly his corpse was fed to a pack of hungry dogs, but as of today, that is still unconfirmed. America today is not in as good of shape as it has been in the past, but we’re still much better off than many other countries in the world today. But, I must ask: President Obama, why are we helping the communist regime get stronger in Cambodia? What is the purpose? What are we getting in return? I feel that this administration has been making terrible moves in foreign policy, especially when it comes to supporting terrorism in Syria. When are we going to wake up?

Roses Are Red, What Are You? JAKE SUSS Online Editor

Counseling Corner: Post-holiday Recovery with Debbie Ritterbush, MA, LPC

Coming back after winter break can be rough. For most of us, going back to the rigors of academia can be a huge adjustment. Over the course of break, most likely, your mind has been turned into goop from not having to do or think as much. Now… you are beginning to remember just how hard you worked the first semester, only to be dragged back from a fun break, to start the work over again. While relaxation is much needed, going straight back into the grind of school can be a major shock, and for some of us, it can be tough. Here are a few suggestions to ensure your post-holiday recovery won’t leave you offtrack or falling behind:

Get up Early: Over the break, college students tend to stay up late, and then naturally get up late. This cycle can’t last if you have an early morning class. Many students feel it is a lot easier just to stay in “holiday break” mode, even if that means missing classes, in the first few weeks. The dark mornings and cool weather in Prescott can make this difficult, so make a schedule and stick to it! Organize, Organize, Organize: This is the time to make a schedule for organizing your course work, studying, and socializing. Time management is key in just about any environment. So remember… the student who plans ahead, and who gets organized, will start the semester out right.

St u d y, St u d y, St u d y : Chances are the first couple of weeks back on campus will be a cakewalk in your coursework. You are just acclimating yourself to the new subjects, and your professors are trying to figure out who actually cares about their course. This is a good time to shine! It may not seem like such a big deal to start building your credibility with your professor, but this is the ideal time. By putting in an above average amount of effort right off the bat, the professor will see you in a better light all semester. Also, if you study more and bolster your grade early on in the semester, guess what you don’t have to do as much later on?

Think, Think, Think: For the last nugget of advice, I suggest that you simply think about what a new semester means for you. It can be a chance to correct all of our mistakes from the fall, or just keep doing what worked for you before. ERAU Counseling Services is available for all ERAU Students. Counseling Services is located at the Wellness Center, Building 73, in Haas Commons. Counseling services can provide a confidential and secure place to help you figure it all out! One-on-one and couples counseling is available to fit your needs. Making an appointment to see a counselor on campus is easy! Just stop by or call the Wellness Center 928.777.6653.

As January nears and New Years and the other winter holidays drift away into our memories, the next major holiday approaches: Valentine’s Day. A cause for happiness for some and panic or sadness for others, Valentine’s Day evokes a host of humanity’s most powerful emotions. Early on the morning of Feb. 14, men flood the markets and florists in search of roses or chocolates for their loved ones. More prepared and committed men are already perusing the jeweler catalogs, seeking the perfect set of earrings or a necklace. However, perhaps instead of asking what color of gold would match her eyes best, we should be asking why Valentine’s Day is a multibillion-dollar holiday. For a holiday that purports itself as a celebration of love, it certainly seems as if the love of money is the biggest winner on Valentine’s Day. From rose growers to candy manufacturers to restaurateurs, the number of companies vying for the business of the enamored is staggering. Even a dozen roses, a box of chocolates, and a dinner date can cost upwards of 100 dollars, so everyone gets to take a slice of the Valentine’s Day pie while consumers happily shell out money in the name of love. Is there an alternative? Of course there is, but still, there is

never an absolute in the world of love. Sometimes a necklace or a ring truly is the perfect gift, and sometimes nothing beats a romantic dinner out on the town. But sometimes, there is a better, cheaper solution that will make your significant other much happier. My mom used to tell me about the poems that my dad used to write her when they were dating; the experience always brought a smile to her face, and a blush to my dad’s face. The happiness that came with those poems not only made her happy when she received them, but also persists after more than 30 years of marriage. That being said, the cheap things in life do not always come easily, and that is especially true of heartfelt gifts. Often, the effort required to write a romantic poem or make a thoughtful present far surpasses the effort needed to earn the money for a mediocre gift. The results however, are indisputable, as the most memorable presents do not come out of a box and cannot be bought with a credit card; rather, they are the manifestations of love and feelings melded together to form a gift. So this Valentine’s Day, think about your significant other and your feelings towards him or her. Remember that spending time with your loved ones is the most important tenet of any relationship. Finally, do not worry about finding the perfect gift; your heart will lead you in the right direction.


JAN. 22, 2014

Ever Wonder? ZACHARY SHEGA Advertisement Manager

Many common phrases may now lack an obvious explanation to them. Here are a few of those phrases and how they came to be. Lock Stock and Barrel is an older phrase that

came out of the 1700s. Back then guns were sold either by parts or as a whole. When you purchased the whole gun, you received the lock (firing portion), stock, and barrel. An-

other phrase to come out of that time period is “threshold.” When winter came around dirt floors in log cabins got pretty cold, so farmers would put the thresh, the inedible part of a grain, on the floor. In order to keep it from blowing out under the door, a stopper was placed in the door frame. For lack of a better name they called the stopper (a board or anything else that would fit under the door) by its function; holding the thresh in the house.


When someone tells you to “mind your Ps and Qs” they are using an old Scottish bartending phrase. When going on tab at a bar drinks were mostly sold in pints and quarts, hence Ps and Qs. If the bartender thought the customer might not be able to pay their tab, he’d gently remind them to mind their Ps and Qs. Many phrases today are starting to lose relevance. Two are “dial your phone” and “give me a ring.” I’m sure you can think of a lot more.

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Diversions Editor

Final Approach Editor Feature Editor


Graphics Editor Online Editor

(qalb 3ala qalb) If translated into English, this saying literally means “heart to heart.” But when taken into another perspective, it means more like “hearts in sync.” In essence, it is talking about a telepathic feeling. It implies that unspoken words are not necessary t bond owith someone. What is so interesting about this saying is that it is not restrictive to a romantic sort of love, it is open to any kind of love. This could mean you could

Chief Copy Editor

bump into any person, at a grocery store or in the middle or traffic, or just passing them as you go down the street, or possibly saying something at the same time as someone else. The idea is that things happen because our hearts are synced and connected. The idea of this is that somewhere along this telepathic journey people bump into each other or even just brush past one another, that if they were meant to meet, they always will.

Copy Editor

The ancient Chinese proverb 远水 不能救近火, or in pinyin yuǎn shuǐ bùnéng jiù jìn huǒ, literally means that you cannot fight fires nearby with distant water. It serves as a reminder that local problems must be resolved with local resources.

Copy Editor Copy Editor


Bryan Rhodes


Ashley Ramirez


Carsen Cooper


Madison Landry


Claudelle Calfat [] Mark Tverskoy []

Jake Suss


Carsen Cooper


Melea Rhodes


Micaela Stewart


Nicole Shriver


Kelsey Au

Copy Editor Student Life Correspondent Chief Photographer Photographer Correspondent Faculty Advisor

Zachary Beard


Zachary Shega

Advertisement Manager Sports Editor


Managing Editor/Operations News Editor

Language Corner

David Krantz

Editor in Chief


Lynda Roberts


Lisanne Kippenberg


Jason Chong


Eli Olson


Dr. Alan J. Malnar []




Michelle Bennett, Lynda Roberts, Ryan O’Hara, Linda Parker, Kameron Mercado, Paulo Chan, Larry Stephan, Ryan Albrecht, Sofia Newton, David Garcia,

Distribution Off-Campus On-Campus



Patrick Reber


Legal Disclaimer The opinions expressed in this paper are solely the opinions of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Horizons Newspaper or the opinions of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.

Game Corner Answer to last issue’s sudoku puzzle!

9 7 5 6 1 4 3 8 2

3 2 1 9 8 5 4 7 6

8 6 4 2 7 3 5 1 9

2 1 8 3 4 9 7 6 5

5 9 7 8 6 2 1 4 3

4 3 6 7 5 1 2 9 8

6 8 3 1 2 7 9 5 4

1 5 2 4 9 6 3 3 7


7 4 9 5 3 8 6 2 1

9 5 1 9 4 7 3 5 1 3 4 1 7 8 6 1 6 4 2 3 5 2 4 9 1 6 8

Advertising/Submission Information All submissions/insertions must be received by their respective deadline. Copy must be spell-checked and single-spaced. Send submissions via e-mail to [] or [], or drop them off at our office in Building 16 , the Student Union, Room 128. Advertising information may be obtained by calling 928.777.3891 or emailing []. Subscriptions Subscriptions are available for $20 per semester or $35 per academic year. International rates vary. Visit our web site at [] or contact us at 928.777.3891 for more information. Deadlines Next Submission Deadline: Thursday, Jan. 30, 2014 Next Advertisement Deadline: Friday, Jan. 31, 2014 Next Publication Date: Wednesday, Feb. 5

Horizons Newspaper

ERAU Box 9157 / 3700 Willow Creek Rd. Prescott, Arizona 86301 Telephone 928.777.3891 Fax 928.777.3830 [] [] Since 1984

Issue 8 - January 22, 2014  

The Drones of Vietnam Welcome Back Larry Stefan

Issue 8 - January 22, 2014  

The Drones of Vietnam Welcome Back Larry Stefan