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HARRISBURG HERITAGE Newsletter of Historic Harrisburg Association • SPRING 2014


INSIDE THIS ISSUE Q Letter from the Executive Director ....2 Q John Campbell to be Honored ............3 Q Capitals and Pillar Members ..................4-5 Q Calendar ..................6-7 Q Painting Tips ..............8 Q Harrisburg Public Library Building .......10 Q HHA Charter Member Jeb Stuart .................11 Q Lenwood Sloan – Ringmaster of Arts, Culture & Tourism ...12 Q Community Historic Preservation Fund ...14 Q Preservation Priorities ........... 16-18+ Q Tibetan Monks Visit Historic Harrisburg..22

Inaugural Glow Run 5K Slated for June 7 in Downtown Harrisburg Event to benefit Lighten Up Harrisburg and HHA The inaugural Harrisburg Glow Run 5K race will be held at 8:30 p.m. on Saturday, June 7 in downtown Harrisburg. The first night-time race in Harrisburg, the evening 5-kilometer (3.1 mile) race is organized by the Historic Harrisburg Association in conjunction with Lighten Up Harrisburg. The event serves as a fundraiser to install lighting projects throughout the City to create safe neighborhoods, parks, and public spaces. “We are excited to host Harrisburg’s first Glow Run, especially for such a bright cause,” said Stacia Zewe, board member of Historic Harrisburg Association. “It is our hope that this event will bring the region together to help raise necessary funds and awareness to Harrisburg’s lighting issues” Unlike many Harrisburg-based races, the Glow Run race route tracks south along Front Street and includes parts of Shipoke to showcase city living. Participants are encouraged to bring their own glow materials and will be provided a glow band to illuminate them along the run.

Runners and walkers are welcome and can sign up online at Race day registration begins at 7 p.m. at Sawyer’s, 210 N. Second Street. Prizes will be awarded in the following categories: 1st, 2nd, & 3rd place top male


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Letter from the Executive Director

Historic Harrisburg A s s o c i a t i o n

BOARD OF DIRECTORS: Michael Walsh President

Michael Chapaloney Vice President

Lenwood Sloan Vice President

Tom Darr Secretary

Hon. Bruce Weber Treasurer

David J. Morrison Immediate Part President: David Butcher David Cordier Ray Davis Devan Drabik Nicole Ernst Jennifer Huber Dr. Dorothy King Matthew Krupp Catherine Lawrence David Ledermann Hava Pell Alan Kennedy-Shaffer Jonathan Smith Mary Beth Stringent Kelly Summerford Stacia Zewe

Moving On... Since joining the Board of Directors in 2009 and later taking the Executive Directorship in 2010, I have enjoyed working with each and every one of our board directors, volunteers, staff, donors and members. Through strategic and collaborative partnerships Historic Harrisburg has reached new heights and regained its role in advancing sustainable communities, promoting historic preservation, and conducting educational and cultural programs. Projects like the Mulberry Street Murals project and “Lighten Up, Harrisburg!” are just two examples of how Historic Harrisburg has been a strong partner in promoting and preserving Harrisburg. Upon starting with Historic Harrisburg, I set out to achieve three lofty goals: • Create financial stability and appropriate capacity through planning • Begin the restoration of the Historic Harrisburg Resource Center • Ensure a sustainable Broad Street Market

STAFF David J. Morrison Acting Executive Director Cindy Essig Programs and Archives Director

Dawn Frey Events Coordinator

Chris Zyroll Office Administrator

Historic Harrisburg Association 1230 N. Third Street Harrisburg, PA 17105-1843 (717) 233-4646

HARRISBURG HERITAGE SPRING 2014 Harrisburg Heritage, the newsletter for the Historic Harrisburg Association, Inc., KURWDNKUJGFCUCOGODGTUJKRDGPGſV

We have made significant strides in achieving these initial goals as well as establishing clear benchmarks for organizational success in our three year strategic plan passed in 2012. The growth experienced over the past 5 years has been due to the hard work and leadership of our board directors and dedicated staff. Financial stability was achieved through revenue diversification, event expansion, and the joining of over 200 new members to the organization over the last three years, which has also helped to boost our advocacy efforts and effectiveness. The Historic Harrisburg Resource Center is no longer a financial burden on the general fund of the organization. In October 2013, the Board of Directors took a significant step in formalizing the master planning process for the historic bank building and today that process is being implemented by the Facilities Committee. Our relations over the last five years with the Broad Street Market have certainly been a roller coaster, however one thing is true and that is our commitment to seeing the historic buildings not only preserved but for the market to thrive. In 2014, in collaboration with the Mayor, a task force was formed to explore governance and management

changes that will bring prosperity and stability to the market. All of these accomplishments have come during a time when Historic Harrisburg has experienced great change in staffing, board structure, and participation. Our staff has grown from a business manager to a staff of six with two employees including an Executive Director and Programs and Archives Director directly compensated by Historic Harrisburg. The board of directors now boasts an impressive array of 24 dynamic individuals who bring expertise and resources to the organization. This participation and growth has allowed our organization to do great things and be a leading voice on issues we care about. I am proud of the accomplishments that have been made over the last five years and confident the organization will continue to grow and prosper well into its fifth decade. It is with a heavy heart however, that I must resign my position as Executive Director of the Historic Harrisburg Association. I have chosen to accept the position of Director of Development for Equality Pennsylvania, the state’s largest LGBT advocacy organization. It has been an honor to work with everyone involved and to see this organization grow over the last five years. While I may be shedding my official title as Executive Director, my commitment to the organization will not change. I firmly believe in Historic Harrisburg’s mission and dedication to making Harrisburg a better place. My focus will now be as a volunteer helping to ensure the success of the Glow Run and Preservation Awards Ceremony. The memories and relationships built here will last a lifetime, and I look forward to continuing them as I move on to a new opportunity. Yours in Preservation,


PARTICIPATE John Campbell to be Honored on May 29; Friends Will “Toast” His Five-Year Tenure; David Morrison Appointed Acting Director At its April 1 monthly board meeting, the Historic Harrisburg Association Board of Directors accepted “with sincerely mixed emotions” the resignation of Executive Director John R. Campbell and acted immediately to appoint longtime Historic Harrisburg member David J. Morrison to serve as Acting Executive Director. “First of all, we thank John Campbell for five years of outstanding service to Historic Harrisburg and the community,” said Board President Michael Walsh. “Initially as an energetic new board member, who helped develop our strategic plan, and for four and a half years as our Executive Director, John has led our organization to the pinnacle of non-profit excellence and community service, while successfully implementing two strategic plans and laying groundwork for a third. Historic Harrisburg accepts his resignation with sincerely mixed emotions.” Although a spontaneous celebration of Campbell’s tenure was celebrated at the conclusion of the board meeting, the Histor-

ic Harrisburg Board also voted unanimously to make its departing executive director the official honoree at Historic Harrisburg’s third annual Spring Gala on Thursday, May 29, to be titled “A Toast to John Campbell.” The host committee for this event is now in formation, and invitations will go out to Historic Harrisburg members and friends later this month. Also at the April 1 monthly meeting, the Historic Harrisburg Board voted to appoint David Morrison to immediately succeed Campbell as Acting Executive Director. Morrison was the organization›s first executive director from 1992 to 1998, and he twice served as its board president. “David is already familiar with Historic Harrisburg’s wide array of activities and concerns. In fact, as a volunteer he already has a desk at the Historic Harrisburg Resource Center,” President Walsh noted. “We are especially fortunate that John Campbell has generously offered to remain engaged with Historic Harrisburg as a volunteer,” Walsh added. “John and David have

an excellent working relationship, so we anticipate an exceptionally smooth transition.

David Morrison and John Campbell have worked closely as leaders of Historic Harrisburg (as seen here at the launch of Elegant Progressions 2012) and will continue to do so.

Using The Past To Plan The Future Education Committee Report by Dr. Dorothy E. King, Chairman Two years ago, the Education Committee of HHA partnered with the Bungalow Society of Central Pennsylvania to envision and facilitate a series of practical and informative programs for HHA’s constituents and the community at large. Our goal was to provide speakers and panelists who could touch upon a wide range of topics that address the initiatives of HHA and the overlapping needs of the community. To that end, we have offered a variety of workshops, primarily in the areas of Restoration, Garden Creation, the Arts & Crafts Movement, and Forward Planning. Here is an example of some

of our topics: *Restoration restoring historical homes *Garden Creation creating vintage gardens *The Arts & Crafts movement collecting American Art Pottery *Forward Planning envisioning City Beautiful 2.0 We have also sponsored walking tours of historic districts in Harrisburg. We are broadening the scope of our outreach to include more programs which might appeal to a wider audience. For example, in

February, we hosted a panel discussion on African-American architects. We are also working on partnerships with HACC and the local high schools to create a vehicle for young people to be involved with HHA. We recognize the need to identify and educate the next generation of historic preservationists. We have received positive responses to our programs. About a fourth of the people who attend say it is their first time attending one of our programs. They go on to say that it won’t be their last!


PARTICIPATE Capitals and Pillar Members HISTORIC HARRISBURG ASSOCIATION has an active membership of over 1000 individuals, businesses and other supporters. We gratefully acknowledge the support of all members, especially those who have contributed at the following gift levels:



PinnacleHealth Systems

Alex and Kristine Hartzler

Elsie Swenson

The McInroy-Sheffer People Trust

Andrew and Audry Carter

Johnson & Griffiths

William & Marion Alexander

George and Carol Case

Peggy A. Grove Enterprises

William and Susannah Rothman

Louise Hepschmidt

DORIC CAPITALS Art Communications Systems, Inc.

John Enos

Red Door Consignment Gallery

Bill & Jane Allis

John Reitz and JoAnne Ross

Robert Coldren

Brickbox Enterprises, LTD

M. Steven Funk

Simply Stated Architecture, P. C.

Charles Peguese & David Hoffman

Michael Fraser

Steve MacDonald and Mary Warner

Dimitri and Pauline Zozos

Millers Mutual Group

The Civic Club

Douglas & Amy Hill

Patricia Bucek and Sharon Ryan

Eric Papenfuse and Catherine Lawrence

Patricia Cameron

The Honorable Hannah Leavitt and Jack Krill

Jinny Springen

Raymond J. Davis




ABC27 WHTM Alan & Julia Hair Alan Hostetler Insurance Agents & Brokers, Inc. Alan Kennedy-Shaffer Alyce & Morton Spector Andrew & Kristen Giorgione Anne Alsedek Anne Yellott Architecurally Speaking Arden and Rebecca Emerick Ariel Oravec-Baley and Ryan Baker Art Association Of Harrisburg Ashley Furniture Home Store Barbara Billman Bernie Pupo Beth Cornell Bill and Dianne Martin BNY Mellon Wealth Management Bob Deibler Brenda Barrett Bret Keisling, Esq Brian and Christa Mummau

L Brian and Kim Elgart Brian Bereschak Brian W. Rice Caitlin Peffley Carl Dickson Carl Marshall and Michael Harper Carol & Philip Di Martile Century 21 At the Helm Charles & Margaret Schenck Charles Fetterhoff, Jr. D.M.D. Christopher Dietz & Alexander Reber Christopher Wonders City House Bed and Breakfast Connor Design-Build LLC Cordier Antiques & Appraisals Corinne Rebinski Crystal & David Downing Cumberland Stained Glass Inc. D. George Parr and Jessie Smith Dan Miller Dauphin County Historical Society Dauphin County Library System David & Gwen Lehman


R David & Jane English David Bronstein, D.O. David Butcher David Ledermann Dean Touloumes Derek and Erica Dilks Desmond and Madeline Reilly Donald and Marney Lappley Donald Barnett Donald Brown Doug Sutherland and Nancy Kramer Downtown Daily Bread Dr. Jose and Cherie Misas Drew R. Bobincheck Elizabeth Johnson & Dan Deibler Elizabeth Shevitz Ellen Siddons Erik Hein Ernest Kepner Faye Shannon Frank and Barbara Pinto G.W. Wilson Inc. Gary and Edna Hutchins







Gavin Advertising Gene and Carol Gangwish George and Joan Hellmann Gloria Brissman Governor Tom Corbett Gregg & Rita Warner Guy Kehler and Lindsay Mills Hadee Mosque Harriet Kopp Harris Tower Harrisburg Area YMCA, East Shore Branch Harrisburg Redevelopment Authority Hava Pell and Michael Kline Helen L. Replogle Henry Rhoads J. Michael Davis Jack and Carol Scott Jacque’ and Joe Egresitz James and Sandra Jones James Cowden, Esq. Janetta and Rich Brenner Jay and Sandee Delozier Jeb and Robin Stuart Jeb Boyd and Vivi Brondler Jefferson Rougeau and Steven R. Creps Joan V Morrison Joe and Beth Santanna John & Susan Wesley John Campbell Judith Zerbe Julia James Kate Earley Kathy Gates Kazim Dharsi Kelly Summerford Kenneth J. Suter, Esq. & Rev. Dr. David A. Zwifka Kenneth Umbenhauer Kent & Kay Leid Kimmel Funeral Home Knight Security Systems, Inc. Kristen Scofield L. Kate Stevens Larry Wilson Lawrence Beyer & Cordell Affeldt Lee and Kelly York Lee Knepp Lenwood Sloan Letum, Inc. Lindabeth Parker




c o n t i n u e d …

Lois Lehrman Grass Lou Starzl Luther Milspaw & Judge Jeannine Turgeon Mac and Shirley Aichele Marjorie M. Sherman Mary E. Martindale Maxine Haynes Melvin Brownold Michael and Denise Williams Michael and Jane Barton Michael and Mary Beth Stringent Michael Chapaloney Michael Walsh Mid Penn Bank Mr. David Skerpon and Mr. Chris Baldridge Ms. Eileen Carson Nick and Ellen Hughes Noel Collanbine Norman & Pat Lacasse Olivia Susskind Patricia Stringer Paul and Elizabeth Showalter Pauline Rubendall Pavone Advertising, Inc. Penn National Insurance Pennsylvania Research Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education Peter and Shirley Marks Raymond and Mary Lou Harris Rebecca Stevenson Restorations Unlimited, Inc #PA163 Reuel Deppen & Christine Wnuk

Rhonda Mays Rob Steinmetz Robert and Eileen Young Robert Hostetter, Jr. Robert Lomison Robert R. Zeigler R.A. Ron Madar Rosemary C. Tatkovski Russell A. Boggs and John H. Bookwalter, Jr. Russell Harr and Brett Johnson Ruth Prall Salem United Church of Christ Sondra Osler Spencer & Helen Nauman St. Stephen’s Episcopal Cathedral Sue Hetrick Ted Martin and Dwayne Heckert The Milestone on the River The State Museum Of Pennsylvania Thomas & Alice McGrory Thomas Darr Thomas Leonard & Janet Day Valk Manufacturing Company Vern and Kristen McKissick Victor Vail and Richard Klein Vincent and Kristen Dubesky WCI Partners, LP Wells Fargo Advisors-Mr. Sam Dalby William Penn Social Association William S. Pierce, MD Zembo Shrine

Glow Run 5K continued from page 1… runners, 1st, 2nd, & 3rd place top female runners, top male runner under 14, and top female runner under 14.

With the help of our donors, Lighten Up, Harrisburg! has been able to:

About Lighten Up Harrisburg Lighten Up, Harrisburg! is a social collaboration designed to play a supporting role in addressing the lighting needs of urban Harrisburg. After completing the original goal of replacing the decorative lights on the historic Walnut Street Bridge, Lighten Up, Harrisburg evolved to facilitate a number of other community lighting initiatives.

• Work with community groups to identify inoperable streetlights;

• Fund an Allison Hill lighting project;

• Purchase lighting materials for the City of Harrisburg; and • Work with local college students to overlay streetlight and crime data to target high risk areas for streetlight repairs.



CALENDAR OF EVENTS Tuesday, May 20, 2014

Thursday, May 29, 2014

Saturday, June 7, 2014

Tuesday, June 10, 2014

Saturday, June 14, 2014

Tuesday, June 17, 2014

Tuesday, July 8, 2014

Thursday, August 12, 2014

Vintage and Green Adaptive Reuse How-to Program. Presented by Frank Dittenhafer, Dittenhafer and Murphy Architects, on restoring vintage homes and making environmentally responsible decisions, to combine vintage feel with green sensibilities. 6:00 PM, HHRC* Free.

HHA’s Annual Historic Preservation Celebration and “A Toast to John Campbell.” This year’s celebration is hosted at the recently restored Jacob DeChant Mansion, 2601 N. Front Street. 5:30 to 8:00 PM. $75 per person.

+DUULVEXUJ¶V¿UVWHYHU³*ORZ5XQ´ Benefiting “Lighten Up Harrisburg” in partnership with HHA. 8:30 PM; registration begins at 7 PM at Sawyers, Restaurant Row. $25 in advance; $28, on race day. Glow gear encouraged!

The Importance of Preservation Advocacy “Bldg & Brunch” Brown-bag educational program. Presented by Mindy Crawford, executive director of Preservation Pennsylvania and John Campbell. 11:30 AM, HHRC* Free (bring your own lunch).

The Harrisburg Bethel Trail Tour Historic Harrisburg Walking Tours from 10AM to 12PM

Creating a City Beautiful Garden How-to Program (with BSCP**). Presented by Ron Chronister of the American Rose Society, on combining heirloom garden roses with other plants, especially in historic city gardens. 6:00 PM. HHRC* Free.

The History of the Central Trust Bank “Bldg & Brunch” Brown-bag educational program HHA’s headquarters). Presented by John Campbell 11:30 AM, HHRC* Free (bring your own lunch).

7KH%HQH¿WVRI2ZQLQJD+RPHLQD+LVWRULF'LVWULFW “Bldg & Brunch” Brown-bag educational program. Presented by Harrisburg realtor Ray Davis, on how sellers and their realtors can better market homes in historic districts, and what benefits derive from living in an historic district. 11:30 AM, HHRC* Free (bring your own lunch).


PARTICIPATE Harrisburg Gallery Walk

Sunday, Sept. 14, 2014

The gallery at the Historic Harrisburg Resource Center is one of more than 25 locations hosting exhibitions of all kinds. 12 Noon to 6 PM, Free.

Sunday, Sept. 21, 2014

Historic Harrisburg Walking Tour. Guided tour of church windows and other important stained glass in Midtown and Downtown Harrisburg. 1:00 to 3:00 PM. Meet at HHRC* $15 ($10 for HHA members).

Saturday, 2FWREHU

Thursday, 2FWREHU

Stained Glass Masterpieces in Harrisburg

7KH+LVWRU\DQG1DWXUDO:RQGHUVRI:LOGZRRG3DUN Historic Harrisburg Walking Tour. Harrisburg’s one-time zoo and recreational park. Meet at Benjamin Olewine III Nature Center (included on tour). 10:00 Am to Noon. $15 ($10 for HHA members).

American Art Pottery: History and Heart Educational Program (with BSCP*) Presented by Arnie Small, President of the American Art Pottery Association. 6:00 PM, HHRC* Free.

Mapping Harrisburg GIS Workshop Saturday, 2FWREHU

How-to Program. Presented by Nicole Ernst, HACC faculty member and HHA board member, on how to use Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to do historical research and create maps for your area of interest. At HACC Midtown, Third and Reily Streets. 10:00 AM to 12 Noon. $15 ($10 for HHA members)

Friday, Nov. 14 2014

Educational Program (with BSCP**). Presented by architect Richard Gribble AIA, on the distinction of Wright’s style and his contributions to the field of architecture. 6 :00 PM, HHRC* Free.

Fri/Sat, 'HF 

Sunday, 'HF

Frank Lloyd Wright: Icon of Modern Architecture

Elegant Progressions Black-tie progressive dinner presented by HHA and The Kidney Foundation of Central Pennsylvania in three landmark private homes. $250 per person.

Historic Harrisburg’s 41st Annual Candlelight House Tour Featuring homes in Bellevue Park. 1:00 to 6:00 PM. $15 in advance $20, day of tour.

*HHRC: The Historic Harrisburg Resource Center, HHA’s headquarters, 1230 N. Third Street, Harrisburg. **BSCP: The Bungalow Society of Central Pennsylvania recently became affiliated with HHA. PAGE 7 • HARRISBURG HERITAGE •

PARTICIPATE 30 years ago in “Harrisburg Heritage”

Spring Painting Tips As warm weather approaches there are a number of home maintenance chores which must be done in warm dry weather. Such weather is essential for a long lasting exterior paint job. Whether you do your own painting or pay a contractor, here are some tips to help assure that the fruits of your labor or finances have lasting value. Strip or paint over: Most of us have neither the time nor money to strip exterior woodwork. We need not feel guilty for not going for the perfect look. Paint properly applied over old layers will last for many years. Some of us rationalize that, like unclean brick, the lack of a perfectly smooth surface on woodwork is part of the aging of the house and thus contributes to its character. Scrape, Sand & Wire Brush: If you decide to preserve your woodwork’s “character” and avoid the great expense or work of stripping, it is essential that all surfaces

be scraped to remove loose, peeling paint. Areas where paint is adhering well should be dulled with a wire brush. Places where the old paint has failed often become rough from scraping and should be sanded lightly for smoothness. Window Glazing: As we all know “one thing leads to another.” Since you are painting, now is the time to look for loose glazing around window glass. If only part of the glazing is bad, you can simply remove the loose parts and replace it. Have you ever reglazed a window only to come the next year and find the glazing falling out again? This happens when new glazing is applied to old dried wood. The wood quickly absorbs the oil from the glazing causing it to become dry and crumbly. To avoid this paint linseed oil on the exposed area, apply glaze and prime over it after a few minutes. This seals in the oil and provides a glaze that will last for years.

To repair your glazing you will need a small stiff putty knife, glazing compound, some push points, linseed oil and a good supply of patience. After loose glaze is removed and the exposed area coated with linseed oil, prepare your glazing compound for application. The compound must be warm and pliable for the proper application. (For emergency repairs in cold weather, I put glaze in a sandwich bags in my hip pockets to get the right temperature.) Take a handful from the can and knead it with your hands until it can be easily worked. If it starts to stick to your hands like chewing gum, you have over worked it or it is too warm. Let it cool a little. Next roll it between your hands so that it forms a kind of rope. If the rope breaks before it gets about 8” to 10” long, it needs to be worked more. Next lay the rope into the area to be glazed.


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352),/( Harrisburg Public Library Building is 100 Years Old; Front Street Icon of the City Beautiful Movement An architectural and civic landmark on Harrisburg’s iconic Front Street turned 100 years old in January 2014. The Harrisburg Public Library Building, now a part of the Dauphin County Library System, occupies a prominent location on the southeast corner of Front and Walnut Streets, adjoining the “Governors’ Row” block of historic townhouses that were homes to various early Pennsylvania governors before the days of an official Governor’s Residence. Mrs. Sara Jane Haldeman Haly, a member of a prominent Harrisburg family, lived on Front Street in the Gov. John Andrew Shulz house (now owned by the Balaban & Balaban law firm). It was the northernmost house on the row, and it had a spacious garden in the adjoining corner lot. When Mrs. Haldeman Haly died at 84 in 1896, she bequeathed her garden and $80,000 to the Harrisburg Library (then in a room on Locust Street) for construction of a library. The handsome Colonial Revival limestone structure that opened in 1914 with 10,000 books on its shelves was designed by Harrisburg’s celebrated architect, Charles Howard Lloyd. The new facility was named the Haldeman Haly Library in memory of its benefactor, and indeed the trustees of her estate made additional contributions to finish and support the project.

Front and Walnut Streets, before and after. Photo on left shows the Sara Haldeman Haly garden that adjoined her residence, the historic Gov. Andrew Shulz Mansion at the north end of Governors’ Row. Photo on right shows the Harrisburg Public Library, built in 1914 and made possible by Mrs. Haly’s bequest of land and money. (Photographs courtesy of Jeb Stuart.) comprehensive restoration and preservation projects, earning HHA’s Historic Preservation Award in 1989. Bowra indicated that grants and donations made the restoration work possible and renewed his thanks to all involved. The project included restoration of a portion of the beautiful vaulted ceiling, a feature that had been covered up approximately 50 years ago. “Over the years, the library trustees have been especially attentive to the preservation of our century-old landmark building on Front Street,” Bowra said. “It continues to

play an important role in the cultural and educational life of Downtown Harrisburg and the surrounding neighborhoods. Sara Haldeman Haly would be indeed proud of her lasting legacy.” A monumental oil portrait of Sara Jane Haldeman Haly, painted by the famous artist (either Thomas Sully or Harrisburg artist Augustus Beck) hangs above the fireplace in the main reading room of the library.

This high-impact civic project illustrates the diversity of “City Beautiful” projects undertaken in Harrisburg at the height of the nationwide City Beautiful Movement a century ago. Although citywide in scope, Harrisburg’s acclaimed City Beautiful initiatives focused special attention on Front Street and the Susquehanna Riverfront, which theretofore had been largely a polluted dumping ground. Under the stewardship of the Dauphin County Library System and its longtime executive director Richard Bowra, the landmark library has twice undergone PAGE 10 • HARRISBURG HERITAGE •

By David Morrison

352),/( HHA Charter Member James A. “Jeb” Stuart III; Role in Urban Revitalization Spans Four Decades When your father has a well-known name that’s seen regularly in newspaper ads and on the suit labels of every best-dressed man in town, it might be difficult to grow into your family’s reputation for community leadership while becoming a household name in your own right. The son of the late Harrisburg menswear merchant Allan Stuart, renowned for his own success and as a business partner of the legendary Mary Sachs, today’s James Allan Stuart III (known since childhood as Jeb) has spent the 40 years since his graduation from Susquehanna University in a variety of public- and private sector roles all aimed at one objective: urban improvement. And throughout those four decades, largely through his involvement with Historic Harrisburg Association, Jeb Stuart’s contributions as a tireless volunteer comprise a civic opus that is nearly as extensive as his professional resume. Even Harrisburg founder John Harris Jr. and reformer Vance McCormick, Front Streeters in their centuries as Jeb Stuart is in this one, would be challenged to show a broader list of personal community-improvement accomplishments. Establishment of Harrisburg’s National and Municipal Historic Districts. Check. Development of Harrisburg’s “HARB” the Historic Architectural Review Board. Check. City Clerk to Harrisburg City Council. Check. Preparer of numerous National Register nominations. Check. Economic Development Director for Dauphin County. Check. Founding member of the Susquehanna Area Regional Airport Authority. Check. Co-leasing retail agent for Strawberry Square. Co-developer of historic Simon Cameron School into 35 apartments, a catalyst for the long-sought revitalization of “Old Uptown.”

Co-developer of Emerald Point Townhouses at 25th & Berryhill Streets, one of Harrisburg’s first “new” housing project in decades. Check. Check. Check. These projects and other occurred through Real Estate Resources, a partnership Jeb formed with past HHA President Arnold Kogan, Esq. More recently, as a consultant to the City of Harrisburg and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Stuart has been a dominant force in the emerging arena of “heritage tourism,” seen by many as a key economic development strategy for Harrisburg and much of Pennsylvania. Notable projects included overseeing development of the City’s master tourism plan, development of the City’s extensive outdoor history exhibit system, development of the City’s vehicular “wayfinding” signage system, the organizing of the Harrisburg City Archives, and the curating of historic exhibits in the City Government Center and elsewhere. In addition, he helped to develop the Pennsylvania Civil War Trails Project for the State Tourism Office, helped to organize and fund the 2010 United States Colored Troops Grand Review in Harrisburg, and helped to create the Bethel Heritage Trail of African-American history in Harrisburg. Stuart served as chairman of the Harrisburg SusqueCentennial Commission; he is a past board member of the National Civil War Museum, and he is a current board member of the Historical Society of Dauphin County and the Harrisburg Cemetery Association. As stated, Jeb’s contributions as an HHA volunteer have been just as extensive. He was one of the first editors of “Harrisburg Heritage,” the HHA newsletter (published monthly!); he served twice on the Board of Directors, in the 1970s and the 1990s; he chaired Candlelight House Tours, Preservation Week Awards Programs and numerous committees; he served as the founding chair of HHA’s Community Historic Preservation Fund Council of Trustees, and remains a trustee. With his wife, Robin Neenan Stuart, Jeb is a longtime historic homeowner. Their

James A. “Jeb” Stuart III; Harrisburg has benefitted from his expertise and passion for urban affairs for four decades.

original Midtown townhouse and their current North Front Street residence have both been shown on Candlelight House Tours, and the latter served as the first “Elegant Progressions” dinner house in 1992, and as a venue for the HHA “Pillar Party” and other organizational events. Jeb notes that his early influence with historic preservation began at that Front Street home, built in the 1920s by his grandfather, who established the E.C. Snyder Lumber Mill in Harrisburg in 1911 – the same mill that provided wood interiors to the Pennsylvania Governor’s Mansion. He also recalls roaming downtown Harrisburg streets as a kid when his father’s business, Allan Stuart Clothiers, served as “home base” at Second and Pine Streets. Today, few people know those old city streets, and the buildings and people that made them unique, better than Jeb Stuart. There are few questions about “historic Harrisburg” that he can’t answer.


By David Morrison

352),/( Lenwood Sloan – Ringmaster of Arts, Culture and Tourism One cannot easily grasp the breadth of Lenwood Sloan’s career. Now the director of the City’s new office of Arts, Culture and Tourism, Mr. Sloan has produced a body of work and achieved so much in the realms of the performing arts, culture, education , tourism, and special events coordination that the City of Harrisburg is fortunate that his national and international experience has at this stage found his presence here. As the former director of Culture and Heritage Tourism for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Mr. Sloan led the Pennsylvania Civil War Trails project, the establishment and training oversight of the Pennsylvania Past Players and the USCT Grand Review in Harrisburg, one of the most significant commemorations to be held anywhere to honor the contributions of the Union’s African American soldiers to the Civil War.

of California, Berkley, Mr. Sloan’s background has provided inspiration, leadership and technical assistance both in the public and private sectors. Earlier in his career, he was associated with the Joffrey Ballet, Alvin Ailey American Dance Center and the Martha Graham Dance Center in New York City. He further was involved with artistic direction with companies performing in Scotland, Amsterdam, Berlin as well as in Brooklyn, San Francisco and New Orleans. In the 1980’s he served as Co-Chair of the New York State Council on the Arts Presenting and Touring Program and in the 1990’s was the director for the National Endowment for the Arts Presenting and Commissioning Program. Lenwood has also served as Deputy Director of Services to the Field for the California Arts Council, director of the San Francisco Dance Film Festival, board member of Southern Arts Federation, a coalition of 12 southern states, and director of the New Orleans Arts and Tourism partnership

Lenwood Sloan: The “Bethel Trail” is but one of his many contributions poration in New Orleans, St. Louis, Boston, and Baltimore. In addition, he participated on the artistic team for five national public television documentaries.

But this is just one of Lenwood’s achievements that otherwise would not have happened. His portfolio has further This is just a sample of Lenwood included the Pennsylvania Festival Initiative, Sloan’s work spanning many states and the Appalachian Regional many cities. In his new position, Commission’s 13 state Lenwood has forward-thinking and geo- tourism project, the innovative plans for the City. The Sloan served as the Governor of Pennsylvania artisans’ revival and re-programming of ResPennsylvania’s representative to the White craft trails, and the stateervoir Park into a recreation, archival, wide cultural literacy House Summit on Cultural Tourism. artisan- production and family reinitiative “LIVE AND union campus is just one of his many More recently, he served as LEARN” in association initiatives. Also, a renewed focus on with Pennsylvania HuPennsylvania’s Film Commissioner and was public art, a Harrisburg film office, manities council. From the coordination of establishing a certified by the Association of 2005 to 2010, Mr. Sloan Local Arts Agency in Harrisburg and Film Commissioners International served as the Governor of a broad array of special events are in Pennsylvania’s representhe pipeline. As a board of member of tative to the White House HHA, Lenwood’s contributions will Summit on Cultural Tourbe a credit to the organization. His ism. More recently, he served as Pennsylva- where he received the Louisiana Travel and energy is contagious. His creative spirit marnia’s Film Commissioner and was certified Tourism leadership award and Gambit Com- ried with an unstoppable quest for fairness, by the Association of Film Commissioners munication’s business innovations award. equality and accomplishment is significant International. After his tenure with the Com- Several of his most recent awards include bringing experience and sophistication to monwealth, he spearheaded and saw to the the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum the Harrisburg scene. completion Harrisburg’s Bethel Heritage Commission Service Award in 2011, The Pennsylvania Spectrum Award for Life Time Trail exhibit system. By Jeb Stuart Achievement in the Arts in 2012 and in 2013, A native of Pittsburgh with studies in the Pennsylvania Council in Humanities history and theater at Temple University Distinguished Humanitarian Award. His followed by a Masters Program with an artistic credits include creating “art in the emphasis in choreography at the University market place” programs for the Rouse CorPAGE 12 • HARRISBURG HERITAGE •


PRESERVE HHA’s Community Historic Preservation Fund Focuses on Structures “in the Public Realm” The Trustees of HHA’s Community Historic Preservation Fund have overhauled the focus of the fund, allowing for more support for projects “in the public realm,” where needs

are greatest and where public benefit is maximized. Projects in the public realm include but are not limited to publicly-owned structures,

HHA’s Community Historic Preservation Fund The CHPF was established in 1996 as a permanent financial resource to assist HHA and the community at large in undertaking historic preservation projects, initiatives and advocacy efforts. The CHPF and its activities are managed by a Council of Trustees appointed by the HHA Board of Directors. David J. Morrison, Chairman Mary Beth Salazar Stringent, Treasurer Thomas Darr Matthew Krupp

Kevin Laudenslager Hava Lynn Pell James A. (Jeb) Stuart, III

monuments, and streetscape features such as landscape medians, sidewalk furniture and lighting. Also included are structures and amenities owned by non-profit organizations, including churches, which are open to the general public. “The CHPF can play an important role in helping to preserve these public assets, whose very existence helps to define our community and our perception of it,” said Jeb Stuart, a longtime member of the CHPF Council of Trustees. By design, HHA has placed few constraints on the overall function and role of the Community Historic Preservation Fund. “Community historic preservation is a very unpredictable business,” said Stuart, “We want to be able to use this money when and where it is most needed. At the moment, we see publicly-accessible structures and amenities as having the greatest need. Other funding sources are drying up.” Since its creation about 20 years ago, the CHPF has been used to fund legal expenses and other costs associated with historic preservation battles, to make grants to homeowners of historic properties, and to avert preservation emergencies. New grant application guidelines reflecting the new public focus have been published and are available on the Historic Harrisburg website at or by contacting the HHA office at 717-233-4646. The deadline for submitting applications for 2014 funding is April 30.

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PRESERVE The Olde Uptown Neighborhood Revitalization Located in the Old Uptown National Historic District, the “Olde Uptown” neighborhood, as it’s been branded, is the area bounded by Third and Second Streets to the east and west, and Maclay and Muench Streets to the north and south. The neighborhood was built primarily at the turn of the 20th Century and served for many years as a vibrant residential community for a mix of the city’s upper, middle, and working class residents. One of the neighborhood’s most valuable attributes is its mix of large Queen Anne duplexes featuring beautiful turrets and corbelling with the sturdy and modestly ornate Italianate and Second Empire-style rowhomes. Like many urban neighborhoods throughout the country, the Old Uptown area entered into a period of

decline in the 1960’s as many residents fled during the nation’s post-WW II suburban expansion. Like the Shipoke neighborhood, this decline was particularly worsened in Olde Uptown by the devastating flood from Tropical Storm Agnes in 1972 (half of the neighborhood above the 1900 block is located in the 100-year floodplain). Unlike Shipoke however, Olde Uptown never experienced the reinvestment from individual homeowners and developers that is critical for a neighborhood to recover. The impacts were devastating and long-lasting. Most middle-class residents left, and the remaining poverty, blight, and criminal activity became entrenched characteristics.

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It was not until 35 years after the flood that significant reinvestment began to occur in the area, when WCI Partners along with Green Street Properties, began a large-scale, phased redevelopment project involving the renovation and construction of over 130 properties. To date, these revitalization efforts have attracted over 250 new residents and dramatically improved the area. The construction of the new brick townhomes along Green Street and on the corners of Peffer and Muench Streets, where trash-filled vacant land once sat, is the heart of the redevelopment project. In addition to the real estate development, WCI has completed numerous neighborhood improvements, including new sidewalks, historic-style streetlights, neighborhood banners, and over 50 new street trees. This investment, combined with the newly constructed townhomes and the renovated historic homes, has helped to create a comprehensively revitalized neighborhood in a once severely blighted area. In addition, the neighborhood is now home to two wonderful small businesses, Alvaro’s Bread and Pastry Shoppe and Little Amps Coffee Roasters. The comprehensive accomplishments of the Olde Uptown project, along with individual urban pioneer efforts before and since, as well as the conversion of the historic Simon Cameron School into 35 apartments in 1988, are a testament to the positive economic and social outcomes that concentrated investment can make in historic housing stock within a traditional urban neighborhood. By David Butcher


PRESERVE Historic Harrisburg Association Preservation Priorities -- 2014 The following is Historic Harrisburg Association’s 2014 list of “Preservation Priorities” for the Harrisburg community. These properties and sites are deemed by HHA to have special importance to the community, as architectural or historic landmarks, as important civic landmarks, or as pivotal element in a larger neighborhood revitalization objective. Some, but not all, are at risk of being lost, while others await the resources needed for their preservation.

Swallow Mansion (aka Ridge Avenue Methodist Church Parsonage) 1000 North Sixth Street Owners: Annette Antoun Priority Since: 2000 Status: Vacant, awaiting a preservation plan The Swallow Mansion at the corner of Sixth and Boas Streets in Old Fox Ridge was built for Dr. Silas Comfort Swallow in 1896 by the architectural firm Warren O.Weaver and Son. This brick Queen Anne mansion later served as the Curtis Funeral Home, a prominent Black-owned business, and also was used for a time as the parsonage for the Ridge Avenue Methodist Church. Now vacant, the building was recently a proposed site for Harrisburg’s African-American Museum, which never came to fruition. 1000 North Sixth Street was listed on Preservation Pennsylvania’s “At Risk List” in 2011. The property is a contributing part of the National Register Federally Certified District and locallyregulated Fox Ridge Historic District.

Former German Jackson Residence (Jackson Rooming House)

building was erected in 1884 as a residence for dry goods merchant Frank Hess and his wife Eleanor, Its importance dates to its subsequent owner, German Jackson, an African-American who worked as head doorman at the Penn Harris Hotel in the middle decades of the 20th Century. Jackson allowed many African-Americans, including Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong, to stay here in the era of segregation when blacks were not welcome in Harrisburg’s hotels. Thus, the building is often referred to as the Jackson Rooming House. Last year the building was slated for demolition, however in part due to the work of Historic Harrisburg the demolition has been postponed with the prospect of a new owner interested in preserving the historic property.

Santana’s Restaurant/Fox Hotel 236 South Second Street Owners: PinnacleHealth System Priority Since: 2011 Status: Threat of demolition This property was originally known as the Fox Hotel and was built in 1906 for Otto Fox. It replaced the earlier Fox Hotel at Second Street and Meadow Lane. In 1939 it became Santana’s Restaurant. This property is currently owned by Pinnacle Health System, which has tabled the idea of demolition at this time. Arguably, if this property were destroyed, and replaced with more modern urban architecture or surface parking, it would erode the context of the historic neighborhood surrounding the John Harris Mansion.

Beidleman House

1006 North Sixth Street Owners: Dave Kegris Priority Since: 2000 Status: Threat of demolition

1225 Market Street Owners: Faith, Hope, and Love Partnership Services, Inc. Priority Since: 2011 Status: Severe deterioration and no preservation plan

The Jackson Rooming House played a unique role in Harrisburg’s African-American history. This brick Second-Empire-style

This Market Street landmark, at the gateway to Allison Hill, was built in 1906 for the prominent attorney and political leader

Edward E. Beidleman, and is located in the Mount Pleasant National Register Historic District. Beidleman served in the State House from 1904-1911, State Senate from 1912-1918, and was elected Lieutenant Governor from 1919-1922. In 1937, the building was converted to professional offices and apartments.

Moose Lodge (Ron Brown Charter School) 922 North Third Street Owners: Mosacia Education Corporation, New York City Priority Since: 2011 Status: Vacant and no preservation plan This property was built as the Loyal Order of Moose, Lodge No 107. It was designed in Greek Revival style by noted Harrisburg architect Clayton Jacob Lappley in 1924. The Lodge was an early victim of the Great Depression. Most recently it was owned and used by the Ronald H. Brown Charter School. Today, the building sits vacant and underutilizes its potential as an anchor building along the Third Street Corridor.

Former Brotherhood Relief & Compensation Fund Building 2101 North Sixth Street Owners: The Philadelphia Suburban Development Corporation Priority Since: 2011 Status: Preservation opportunity Designed originally in 1923 as a 10-story building, the project was halted following financial difficulties. The basement and two stories of steel framework stood untouched for several years. As revised and scaled back by Philadelphia architectural firm Ritter & Shay, the building was redesigned and completed in 1932. The structure later became known as the Hudson Building (1979) and later housed the Tri-County Opportunities Industrialization Center, Inc. Its potential as an Uptown neighborhood anchor and its high visibility at Harrisburg’s “northern gateway” make its preservation especially desirable


PRESERVE and strategically important.

Methodist Church

Historic Harrisburg Resource Center

2221 North Sixth Street Owners: Camp Curtin United Methodist Church Priority Since: 2013 Status: Capital fundraising, community support being sought.

1230 North Third Street Owners: Historic Harrisburg Assn. Priority Since: 1993 Status: Capital funding needed The Central Trust Company was established at this site in 1893, and the present building was completed in 1911 with major renovations following a fire in 1927. It was donated to Historic Harrisburg Association in 1993 and has been operated as a civic resource and non-profit activity center while undergoing grassroots restoration. Recently the property has undergone major renovations, and a master plan was adopted by HHA in 2013. Improvements to the second floor have allowed Historic Harrisburg to secure an anchor tenant, the Pennsylvania Downtown Center, which brings both operational and organizational advantages. Restoration of the spectacular main banking hall, designed in 1927 by Lawrie & Green, when funded, will significantly increase the Resource Center’s use and value as a community hub.

The beginning of the Camp Curtin Church can be traced to an organization of a Sunday School in north Harrisburg by the Rev. Dr. Thomas Wilcox on May 12, 1889. Within a year, the Curtin Heights Methodist Episcopal Church was built and by 1893, two wings were added. Sadly, on December 30, 1894, the new church and all of its contents were destroyed by fire but within two years a new building was constructed. By 1914, the membership had grown so large that a new building had to be constructed. Since the new church was located on the site of Camp Curtin, it was designated a memorial to all Civil War soldiers and the name was changed to Camp Curtin Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church. A large allegorical painting - depicting Christ appearing to a

dying soldier, dressed in blue and gray still adorns the sanctuary wall. In 1922, the monument to Governor Curtin was erected adjacent to the church. In 1939, the church became Camp Curtin Memorial Methodist Church and in 1968 it was renamed Camp Curtin Memorial United Methodist Church. On June 25, 1989, it merged with the Mitchell congregation and is now known as the Camp Curtin Memorial-Mitchell United Methodist Church. The Camp Curt[a]in United Methodist Church was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 2010, one of few churches listed in the Register.

Camp Curtin Fire Station 2504 North Sixth Street Owners: James Cooper Priority Since: 2014 Status: Vacant Camp Curtin Fire Station is a historic fire station located in Harrisburg. It was built in 1910, and is a two-story, rectangular brick (continued on page 18)

Broad Street Market 1233 North Third Street Owners: City of Harrisburg Priority Since: 1996 Status: Aging infrastructure, capital investment needed. America’s oldest continuously-operated farmer’s market, and an anchor of the Midtown Market District, the 150 year old market boasts a vibrant array of ethic, organic and Pennsylvania Dutch vendors, meeting urban nutrition needs with fresh produce, specialties and prepared foods. The Broad Street Market originally served soldiers stationed at Camp Curtin during the Civil War. Today the buildings are owned by the City of Harrisburg and managed by the Broad Street Market Corporation. The aging infrastructure is in dire need of investment through community and government action to enable the historic market to thrive.

Camp Curtin United


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PRESERVE Preservation Priorities continued from page 17… building, and measuring 38 feet by 46 feet. The building exhibits Italianate style design features. It features a square wooden bell tower at the center of the front facade. The tower has a hipped, shingled roof and four stilted segmental arches. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1981. The building most recently housed Camp Curtin BBQ.

Walnut Street Bridge Connection from Harrisburg City to City Island Owners: PA Dept. of Transportation Priority Since: 1996 Status: Flood-damaged Western Span curtails optimum regional potential The Walnut Street Bridge also known as The People’s Bridge is a truss bridge that spans the Susquehanna River in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Built by the Phoenix Bridge Company in 1890, it is the oldest remaining bridge on the 400-mile Susquehanna River. Since flooding in 1996 destroyed sections of the western span, it no longer connects to the West Shore. The bridge was built to break the toll monopoly enjoyed by the neighboring Camelback Bridge (now the Market Street Bridge). The Walnut Street Bridge was closed to motor vehicles and converted to a pedestrian and bikeway link to City Island after the 1972 Tropical Storm Agnes flood. The eastern span of the bridge is outlined in lights which, along with the City Island facilities, create a dynamic visual effect at night. The 2,801 foot span is one of the longest pedestrian bridges in the world. The conversion to pedestrian use gave the bridge a new purpose and it is used by over a million visitors, tourists and residents annually. The bridge was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1972 and is also recognized as a Historic Civil Engineering Landmark. In 2012, “Lighten Up Harrisburg” relit the Walnut Street Bridge and has continued to raise funds to explore LED lighting opportunities. Other efforts, supported by HHA, seek to replace the missing western spans so that the full potential of this recreational, tourism and transportation resource may be realized.

2900 Block of North Front Street

Harrisburg State Hospital

2901, 2909, 2917 North Front Street Owners: Mary Knackstedt (former) Priority Since: 2005 Status: Recently sold at public auction

Cameron and Maclay Streets Owner: Commonwealth of PA Priority Since: 2014 Status: Proposed sale of the property

Harrisburg has two architectural signatures: the Pennsylvania Capitol and the Mansions of Front Street. Among the most architecturally exuberant is this trio of mansions running from Division Street to Manor Street. As recently as 5 years ago, these were literally the show-stopper for visiting bus tours. In 2005, a plan was proposed by Mary Knackstedt (founder of Riverfront People’s Park preservation organization) to demolish these landmarks. The plan received overwhelming opposition from the surrounding neighbors, Historic Harrisburg, and city officials. Most recently, the properties went through a bankruptcy proceeding and were auctioned in April 2014. Initial reports indicate that the buyers plan to restore and occupy at least two (2901 and 2909) of the three mansions. It is hoped that 2917, once the home of the world-famous retailer and philanthropist Mary Sachs (who hosted Eleanor Roosevelt and other notables there) also will be preserved.

Originally called the “City on the Hill” and listed in the National Register of Historic Places as a historic district, the Harrisburg State Hospital, originally known as the Pennsylvania Lunatic Asylum, was the first in Pennsylvania—and one of the first in the United States—built for the care and treatment of the mentally ill. It contains approximately 30 architecturally significant buildings designed by noted Pennsylvania architects and a beautiful campus setting a portion of which is traversed by the Capital Area Greenbelt. The State Hospital has been closed since 2006. Sale of the property by the Commonwealth must result in the protection of the buildings and setting as well as the preservation of the Greenbelt’s 20 foot-wide easement through the property.

Paxton Firehouse S. Second and Vine Streets Owner: City of Harrisburg Priority Since: 2014 Status: Closure by the City as an active firehouse Paxton Firehouse was designed by William Lynch Murray and built in 1937 to replace a predecessor firehouse of the same name and location that was heavily damaged by the flood of 1936. Art Deco in architectural style, the building is located within the City’s municipal historic district but falls just outside of the National Register District. It was recently announced that the fire station will be closed representing a potentially attractive re-use opportunity depending upon the City of Harrisburg’s plans for its future.

Mulberry Street Bridge Murals Formerly located on the Mulberry Street Bridge Owner: Danzante Inc. Priority Since: 2014 Status: Murals are in storage awaiting placement at new locations The Mulberry Street Bridge murals were painted on panels located on both the north and south sides of the bridge’s cartway and walkways and located over the Amtrak railroad tracks below. The murals were painted through an arrangement by Danzante Inc. The northern murals depict the evolving history of the city of Harrisburg. The southern murals depict a series of dancers and other art forms. The Mulberry Street Bridge is now undergoing the replacement of its deck and is closed to vehicles and pedestrians during the construction process. A committee of concerned individuals has been formed to develop a plan for the murals’ relocation. The murals are presently in storage in the old post office building on Market Street. Plans include the relocation of the northern murals (continued on page 21)


PRESERVE The Urban Aesthetic: Harrisburg State Hospital Sale Must Be Carefully Weighed; A commentary that originally appeared in “Today’s the Day, Harrisburg” About 10 years ago, I had the honor of being invited to a reception at the Harrisburg State Hospital. The event was a ceremony unveiling a plaque honoring the efforts of the City commemorating the historic significance and importance of this institution. Part of the event included touring the Dorothea Dix Museum in one of the original buildings dating to 1851 (now closed), as well as a get-together in the library of the main administration building that was erected in 1893. I was stunned by the building’s interior. Wood railings of the main staircase were beautifully varnished, and cleanliness and order were the rule throughout. The library room appeared frozen in time with built-in wood bookshelves and period furniture that had been meticulously cared for and proudly kept. This is part of the legacy of this tremendous resource, one where architecture of quality married with a wonderful landscape was meant to uplift the spirits of those who lived and were treated there. Recent reports regarding the proposed sale of the former Harrisburg State Hospital by the Commonwealth should emphasize its importance not only as an amazing natural preserve but also as a site of profound architectural and historic significance. Although located in Susquehanna Township, its close

Harrisburg State Hospital’s Administration Building was built in 1893. Known as “the city on the hill,” HSH was nationally recognized as a prototype for college-campus-style care for the mentally ill.

the first in the United States—built for the care and treatment of the mentally ill. By the 1840’s, it became clearer that the country’s “poor houses” and jails were not conducive to giving proper attention to those with emotional and mental disturbances. Originally called the “City on the Hill” and Social reformer Dorothea Dix listed in the National Register of Historic (1802-1887) Places as a historic district, the hospital convinced the was the first in Pennsylvania—and one of the P e n n s y l v a n i a state legislature first in the United States—built for the care to authorize the and treatment of the mentally ill. establishment of an institution just for the psychoproximity to the city further reinforces the logically disabled. Consequently, the Harriscampus’s open space value. burg Lunatic Asylum, the hospital’s original Originally called the “City on the Hill” official name, was founded by Act of the and listed in the National Register of His- Pennsylvania General Assembly in 1845. toric Places as a historic district, the hospital The hospital would grow from its was the first in Pennsylvania—and one of original 130 acres to over 1,000, to include

in excess of 70 buildings, 30 of which are considered historically contributing or significant to the hospital’s grounds. These buildings spanned the period from 1851 to 1935. Noted Pennsylvania architects can be credited for many of the campus’s outstanding buildings including John Havilland and Addison Hutton, both from Philadelphia, York’s John A. Dempwolf, and Charles Howard Lloyd of Harrisburg. The hospital was progressive in moving from the “Kirkbride” plan where patients were housed in one building, to the “Cottage” plan where smaller buildings served as patient residences, reinforcing the sense of home and open space. Ironically, this type of transition ultimately resulted in the close of the facility in 2006 as patients have become housed within non-institutional community settings negating the need for the hospital’s continued service.


(continued on page 20)

PRESERVE Harrisburg State Hospital The historic portion of the campus retains its original topography and park-like setting, a place of profound beauty including an important arboretum and playing fields along Cameron Street. Of particular note is Asylum Run which gently flows through the campus’s Asylum Run Valley traversed by the Capital Area Greenbelt. This portion of the Greenbelt must be preserved to enable the continuation of the trail as it encircles the city. Any reuse of the property has to acknowledge the Greenbelt’s existing 20 foot-wide easement agreement as well as public access to enjoy the grounds and scenic drives. The original part of the former hospital consumes only a portion of this complex. To the east are buildings developed later in the 20th Century and are still occupied. In addition, farmland that was part of the hospital grounds has already been developed including the headquarters of the Pennsylvania State Police, the Pennsylvania Game Commission, and the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission. There is still open land both to the north and east of the former hospital grounds that could also be developed without disturbing the character of the Harrisburg State Hospital historic district. Newer buildings to the east of the original campus contain state offices for the Departments of Public Welfare and General Services that may be part of the real estate to be sold. The employees in these offices could move to new locations. Tied to this is the coincidence that tenants will be needed for the space currently occupied by Verizon in Strawberry Square when the corporation’s lease expires in 2016, the same year that the Harrisburg Redevelopment Authority will need to start making payments on the $40 million bond originally issued to develop the Strawberry Square complex. If these employees are moved to Strawberry Square, thereby averting a vacancy and loss of rent problem, it is hoped that sufficient revenue be realized in addition to other income generated from the complex to amortize the upcoming debt so that the Redevelopment Authority—and the City as guarantor—is not on the hook.

continued from page 19…

One of the original 1851 buildings at Harrisburg State Hospital was widely known in recent decades as the Dorothea Dix Museum, commemorating the pioneering work of the woman credited with initiating humane care for the mentally ill.

Such an arrangement could be a “winwin” solution for all parties involved. If the sale of the State Hospital is pursued, strict guidelines and the reinforcement of any existing covenants need to be placed into the sales instruments that would continue to respect the character of the campus, as well as maintaining the Capital Area Greenbelt parkway along Asylum Run. Of course the National Register listing already provides protections when state or federal funds are used for demolition, new construction or other undertakings that could negatively impact the historic character of the site. Further, the listing provides for the 20% federal income tax credits for Certified Historic Rehabilitation that could induce quality restoration of the buildings by the private sector. Any thought to selling or purchasing this facility must be carefully and methodically considered. It’s not just another piece of valuable land off of the interstate, as one

commercial real estate broker observed recently. It’s a treasure of the city and of the Commonwealth. Let’s pay careful attention to how the future of the Harrisburg State Hospital unfolds. By Jeb Stuart

Jeb Stuart is a regular columnist for “Today’s The Day, Harrisburg,” where this commentary initially appeared in March, 2014. “ttdHBG” is an online community news publication created in 2009 by journalist and activist Tara Leo Auchey as a place that gives citizens access to information about the city.


Preservation Priorities continued from page 18… to the front yard of the YWCA at Cameron and Market Streets. The southern murals may be relocated in segments to several parks and playgrounds throughout the city. Fundraising efforts will take place to enable the relocation and installation of all murals panels. Attention should be paid to how these plans materialize to ensure the preservation and public exposure of the murals.

To suggest additional properties or projects for HHA’s “Preservation Priorities,” or to learn how to become involved in one of the above-mentioned cases, please contact HHA at 233’4646 or

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Tibetan Monks Visit Historic Harrisburg Historic Harrisburg’s primary mission is restoration and preservation. Since 1973, we’ve promoted and supported preservation and restoration of historic neighborhoods and landmarks in and around Harrisburg (and as far away as the Gettysburg Battlefield). But 2014 marks the first time HHA has participated in the preservation of an entire national culture: the ancient culture of Tibet. During the week of April 28, HHA hosted a group of Tibetan monks from the Drepung Gomang Monastery in Karnataka, India, (in exile from their home country), who are visiting communities across the U.S. to raise awareness and support for the cause of preserving Tibetan culture and restoring the sovereignty to Tibet which has been under Communist China’s control for 55 years. Since 1959, hundreds of thousands of Tibetans have been forced to flee their country and live in exile. Monasteries, schools, priceless books and art have been destroyed. Tibetan culture is at risk of extermination. Working quietly to keep Tibetan culture alive, the monks “represent stillness and peace in a time of uncertainty.” As part of their “Sacred Art Tour,” the monks spent the week at the Historic Harrisburg Resource Center creating a sand mandala from scratch on the floor of our community room. “Mandala” is a Sanskrit word that means “world in harmony.” Mandalas are essentially three-dimensional sand drawings and serve as spiritual and ritual symbols in Buddhism, and they traditionally represent the universe. Sand painting is an ancient Tibetan art form, and sand mandalas are constructed as vehicles to generate compassion, acknowledge the impermanence of reality and produce a social and cosmic healing of the environment, one of the monks said. The mandalas are created whenever a need for healing of the environment and all living things is felt. The monks consider our age to be one of great need. They create these mandalas, by request, throughout their world tours. When finished, to symbolize the impermanence of all that exists, the colored sands

David Morrison joins the Tibetan Monks at their worksite at the Historic Harrisburg Resource Center. They create their intricate “mandala” by pouring colored sand onto a blueprint-like diagram using long, narrow metal funnels.

are swept up and poured into a nearby stream or river, where the waters carry healing energies throughout the world, the monks explained. Accordingly, on Friday, May 2, in a closing ceremony and procession to the Susquehanna River (for which all proper permitting was obtained), local students and other observers watched as the sands of the beautiful Harrisburg mandala were solemnly poured from the Riverfront steps to begin their gentle journey to the oceans of the world. “We are honored to have been asked to host and share this unique educational and spiritual experience with the Central Pennsylvania community,” said Cindy Essig, HHA’s Director of Programs and Archives who coordinated the project. During the week, hundreds of students and visitors of all ages visited the Resource Center to meet the monks, see their work, purchase traditional Tibetan crafts and experience an entirely new dimension of historic preservation.

Painting Tips continued from page 8… Use your putty knife angled between the glass and the edge of the window to force the glaze into a smooth beveled shape. Hold the putty knife so that it is almost parallel to the edge of the window. After a few tries you will get a smooth glaze. Be sure to check the inside of the window frame before painting. If the glaze shows from the inside, you have too much on and need to go over it until it is not visible from the inside. Now prime the sash, allow to dry and paint with a good quality oil base paint. Paint the top part of the lower sash first. Then open the window about 4” until thoroughly dry. If the window sticks from painting it is much easier to break the seal if it is open than to try to break the seal of a “painted shut” window. Areas such as windows sills and porch railings often tend, because the grain is exposed to weather, to peel and grain out badly. By “grain out” I am referring to the soft part of the grain that deteriorates leaving crevices. The hard part of the grain remains higher. This can be repaired by soaking with linseed oil and filling in the “grained out” areas with glaze. It is essential that the filled area be smooth after you fill it. As with the window glaze it should be sealed with primer after a few minutes. You want to seal in the oils so that it does not harden too quickly. The repaired area will take a long time to harden so you will be careful with it. As soon as the primer is dry (about a day), paint with a quality oil base paint. The glazing will still not be hard so be careful. After a few months, however, it will cure and will last a long time. After you prime and paint the rest of your woodwork remember to scrape, wire brush, soak bare wood in linseed oil, prime allow to dry and paint with a quality oil base paint. Don’t forget that the other most important factor in a quality exterior paint job is weather. Don’t prime or paint unless there have two or three good dry days preceding your painting day. Painting damp woodwork will cause it to peel. Properly prepared and applied exterior oil base paint will last 5 to 7 years.


By Bill Gantt

Historic Harrisburg Membership Application Mail to: Historic Harrisburg Association • 1230 N. Third Street • Harrisburg, PA 17102

Name: ________________________________________________________________________ Address: ______________________________________________________________________ Phone: ________________________________________________________________________ E-mail Address:_________________________________________________________________ Yes, I/we want to help preserve the residential, commercial, economic and cultural life of Harrisburg! Please start my membership at the following gift level: Q

___ Individual ($25 per year)

Members of HHA’s “Capital Club” provide uppermost levels of support, in the following categories, which are based on the classical orders of architecture:

___ Household ($35 per year) ___ “Pillars of HHA” ($100 per year)

All memberships are renewable annually. Questions may be directed to 233-4646.

Payment Enclosed

Please make checks payable to Historic Harrisburg Association.


Please Bill Me


___ Doric Order ($250 per year)

Please charge my VISA/ MasterCard/Discover

___ Ionic Order ($500 per year)


___ Corinthian Order ($1000 per year and up)

Expires: __________________

Historic Harrisburg Association is properly registered in Pennsylvania as a charitable organization. A copy of the registration and financial information may be obtained from the PA Department of State by calling 1-800-732-0999. Registration does not imply endorsement.

CVC Code: _______________ Authorizing Signature



Please contact me/us about Volunteer Opportunities



HISTORIC HARRISBURG ASSOCIATION 1230 N. Third Street Harrisburg, PA 17102


Permit No. 79 Harrisburg, PA

Historic Harrisburg’s 2014 Preservation Celebration:

“A Toast to John Campbell” Thursday, May 29, 2014 Tickets: $75.00 contact or 717-233-4646

The Jacob DeChant Mansion

John - Thank you for your leadership to Historic Harrisburg and many good wishes in your new position! Spring is seen as a time of growth and to start new adventures. We can help you begin your charitable adventure through a fund at TFEC. Create your new fund today WRPDNHVXUHWKHQRQSUR¿WRUJDQL]DWLRQV you care about are secure now and forever. :HVSHFLDOL]HLQKHOSLQJ\RXWUDQVIRUP your charitable dream into reality by providing the knowledge and support to create and sustain your charitable goals. Call us at 717.236.5040 or visit us online at to start planning your charitable adventure today! Web: Email: Phone: 717.236.5040 PAGE 24 • HARRISBURG HERITAGE •

Harrisburg Heritage Spring/Summer 2014  
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