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THE POLICE GAZETTE Un-official Newsletter for South African Police Veterans

NONGQAI Vol. 1 No. 19

NNNsiekoerant DIE POLISIEKOERANT Nie-amptelike Nuusbrief vir Veterane van die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiemag Pretoria 27 Oktober 2010

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Ons Voorblad Kommandant Karel Winterbach – Hierdie skilderagtige figuur uit die ou Republikeinse dae was hoof van die destydse Grenspolisie

van Swaziland –

Nongqai: September 1946 pagina 1115. Let op die kenteken. Sou daar iewers nog van sy nasate wees?

Inhoud / Contents Sir Winston Churchill, Burger HJ Spaarwater en die ZARP’s .........................................6 So skryf Sir Winston Churchill self oor burger Spaarwater en die Zarp’s: ................8 1905 Camels and the Police in Southern Africa..................................................................9 Z945 Nelson deur hoofkonstabel SF Marais .....................................................................14 A/O SF “Sarel” Marais..........................................................................................................15 Debat: Generaal Johan van der Merwe antwoord dr Pieter Croukamp .......................16 Johan Ferriera ........................................................................................................................18 SAP Geskiedenis – Hennie Heymans ................................................................................19 Brig JA ‘Jan’ Du Preez – adjunk-kommissaris: veiligheidshoofkantoor ...................19 SAP Radio Tegnies............................................................................................................19 Genl MCW “Mike” Geldenhuys.....................................................................................20 Die Polisie in Suid-Afrika van 1913 – 2013....................................................................20 Die Spesiale Taakmag.......................................................................................................20 Polisiemanne van Suid-Afrika - ‘ n Biografiesewoordeboek......................................20 Die Koevoet-boek: Koevoet the Men Speak – mnr Jonathan Pittaway .............................21 Wagters op die Mure ............................................................................................................21 Ons Leuse ...............................................................................................................................21 2


ZS-HMY Ons Eerste Helikopter – Tubby Myburgh ........................................................23 'n Profiel van die SA Vloot Mariniers: J Jacobs.................................................................23 Dictionary - ............................................................................................................................25 Die Suid Afrikaanse Mariniers Brigade ..................................................................................25 1 Marine Brigade ...............................................................................................................26 Vestiging, Opleiding en Operasies.................................................................................27 Die Nuwe SA Vloot se ‘Naval Rapid Deployment Force’ .........................................29 SASP en SAP Samewerking Tafelbaai 1924 ......................................................................29 Hoe sien ander ons?..............................................................................................................30 THE UTRECHT MOUNTED POLICE ...............................................................................31 Medaljes: Anglo-Boere Oorlog............................................................................................33 Police Medals and the Red Revolt on the Rand................................................................33 Comments by Lieut-Col RS Godley ...............................................................................35 Mnr Dave Steward van die FW de Klerk-stigting...........................................................35 Humour in Uniform: Australia ...........................................................................................36 Versugting: Hoeveel stukkende oudpolisiemanne? ........................................................38 Hoeveel ....? ........................................................................................................................38 Kommentaar: .....................................................................................................................39 Humor in Uniform: SAP-Eksamens ...................................................................................40 EKSAMINVLATERS DEUR BARRY..............................................................................40 Police Promotion Examinations..........................................................................................41 Comment............................................................................................................................42 Cape Police - John Thomas Freeman (Oom Jack) Green.................................................42 Cape Mounted Police – Facta non Verba “Words not Deeds” .........................................43

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Jan van Wyk & Johan Henn.................................................................................................44 SAP 55 Vermiste Polisieman ...............................................................................................45 IPA – Pretoria – Denn Alberts.............................................................................................45 SAP Radio Technical – John Fletcher .................................................................................46 Some Police Personalities.....................................................................................................47 Some photographs taken by Capt Harry du Preez in Rhodesia during c1973 ............48 Anglo-Boer War: Radio Communication ..........................................................................49 Johan Visagè ..........................................................................................................................49 Battle Honours.......................................................................................................................50 2.

Republican Changes. ..............................................................................................50

3.

Post-1994 Policy. 51

4.

Control of Battle Honours. 51

5.

Battle Honours Committees. 51

6.

References. ...................................................................................................................54 a.

Acts, Regulations and Instructions. ...................................................................54

b.

Publications..............................................................................................................55

“The Pensioner” Major Piet “Walk Tall” van Zyl - Uganda..........................................55 THE CAPTURE OF GENERAL DE WET: THE MOTOR CAR AT WAR IN SOUTH AFRICA: 1914 – William Endley.........................................................................................57 TRANSVAAL AUTOMOBILE CLUB BADGE.............................................................58 A CONTEMPORARY NEWSPAPER ARTICLE ..........................................................59 THOMPSON’S MEDALS AND SERVICE CARD FOR SERVICE IN THE REBELLION CONFIRMING HIS RARE UNIT............................................................59 Conclusion- General De Wet in Court – HBH ..............................................................60 THE FIRST USE OF AMATEUR RADIO EQUIPMENT IN THE SA POLICE. ...........61 4


ESTABLISHING AN INTEGRATED TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK.....62 Hengel Rubriek .....................................................................................................................63 Van Wyksrust – Stan Kantor ...............................................................................................65 Aandenkings SA Polisie – Chris van Ginkel.....................................................................66 1969 SA Polsiestasies – SA Police Stations – near Ugie ...................................................66 Terugvoer oor Polisiekoerant 18A......................................................................................67 Willie du Plessis ....................................................................................................................68 Genl-maj Bertus Steyn: Oud-SAP-Lede Liefdadigheidstrust .........................................69 Getrouheid .............................................................................................................................69 SAP Pretoria-noord - RYMPIES VAN DIE WILDE NOORD ..........................70 POLICE HISTORY: MAJOR LOUIS VAN WYK: SA CRIMINAL BUREAU ...............71 VOLGENDE UITGAWE / NEXT EDITION: DV 20 November 2010 ..........................71

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Sir Winston Churchill, Burger HJ Spaarwater en die ZARP’s Ons vriend wat in Vryheid

in die “ou” Nuwe-Republiek - later in die Zuid-

Afrikaansche Republiek, en nog later Natal en nou KwaZulu-Natal - woon, André van Ellinckhuyzen skryf soos volg oor Burger HJ Spaarwater wie se naam by die ZARP gedenkteken verskyn: Vryheid 15 September 2010 Beste Hennie, Geskiedenis: Burger HJ Spaarwater Hy was afkomstig van Wakkerstroom en het in Natal en Oos-Transvaal geveg. Op 26 Mei 1901 word hy op die plaas Klipplaatdrif deur Jan Moerdyk, vader van Gerhard Moerdyk, begrawe. Inligting bekom uit Gids tot die Anglo-Boere Oorlog in Oos-Transvaal 1899 – 1902, skrywer: Gert vand er Westhuizen. Tel 017-735-1911 Volksrust. Hy het ook ’n oorlogsmuseum op sy plaas. Dankie en sterkte. Hoop om jou weer te sien. André. André verstrek die volgende faks met opskrif: Winston S Churchill tydens die

Anglo Boere Oorlog deur die Boere gevange geneem: Naby Frere, ongeveer halfpad tussen Colenso en Estcourt in Natal het die Boere op 15 November 1899 'n Britse gepantserde trem voorgelê en probeer buit. Die trein het die oggend baie vroeg uit Estcourt vertrek in die rigting van Chievely. Burgers van Krugersdorp en Wakkerstroom se kommando' s sou, na die trein by Frerestasie verby was, in die rigting van Chievely, die spoorlyn ontwrig, terwyl genl. Louis Botha se burgers, met artillerie gewapen, nader aan Chievely, die trein (4 offisiere en 160 manskappe met 'n 9-ponder skeepskanon) sou aanval. Op Chievely het kapt. Haldene, in bevel van die trein, Boere gewaar en hy is terug in die rigting van Frere. Toe die Boere-artillerie en mausers op die trein losbrand, het dit volstoom in die rigting van Frere gejaag. Digby Frere het die klippe wat die Boere op die treinspoor gepak het, die trein laat ontspoor.

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Terwyl Haldene en die meerderheid soldate die Boere se intense geweervuur beantwoord het, het die res van die trein se bemanning onder leiding van Winston Churchill, oorlogskorrespondent van die "Morning Post" , die ontspoorde trokke uit die pad gekry. Die lokomotief en kooltrok ontsnap met 90 soldate na Estcourt. Churchill, kapt Haldene en 72 ander Britte word gevange geneem deur die Boere. Churchill noem dat hy, tydens sy gevangeneming, aangenaam verras was deur die Boere se opgevoedheid en menslikheid, aangesien hy baie gelees het oor hierdie "land van leuens" (land of lies) en dus die ergste gevrees het. Hy noem op bl.391 van sy boek London to Ladysmith die Boere sy "dignified and honourable enemy". Die Britte word na hul gevangenemillg onder toesig van die Boere te voet geneem tot by Elandslaagtestasie. Churchill word saam met die Britse offisiere in 'n afsonderlike treinwa geplaas. Twee gewapende Boere hou 'n wakende oog oor die krygsgevangenes. 'n Dokter aan Boerekant behandel Churchill se wond aan sy hand. Die een Boer wat Churchill-hulle oppas, is Hendrik Spaalwater, 'n boer van die Amersfoortdistrik.

Churchill

is

besonder

beindruk

met

Spaarwater,

wat

konsidererend niks sê wat sy gevangenes se gevoelens seermaak nhie. (I took a great liking to him.) Op bl. 394 sê Churchill dat sy oppasser alles vertetnwoordig het wat mooi en edel was in die Afrikanervolk; van die rustige bestaan op sy plaas geruk om die grond waarop hy woon braaf te verdedig; die grond wat sy vaders met opoffering en trotseer van gevaar verkry het; om sy onafhanklikheid van groot vyande verkry te bewaar, was sy eer en sy vreugde. Toe die trein deur die Laingsnektonnel, ongeveer 15 kilometer van Volksrust, beweeg, oorweeg Churchill am deur die treinvenster te spring. Spaarwater maak egter die twee vensters toe en maak die slot van sy Mauser oop en wys dit aan Churchill sodat hy kan sien die Mauser is gelaai. Die trein kom donker op Volksrust, wat wemel van gewapende Boere, oppad na die Natalse front, aan. Voordat die trein van V olksrust vertrek, word wagte geruiOngeveer 60 Britte, wat ‘n aantal Joiners ingesluit het, het op 22 Mei 1901 in Amersfoort inbeweeg en in die dorp geskuil. 'n Aanlal Boere, waaronder kommandnt Joubert en burger Hendrik Spaarwater, het onbewus van die Britte se teenwoordigheid in Amersfoort inbeweeg. By 'n huis van 'n inwoner van Amersfoort het die Britte hulle in 'n hinderlaag gelei. Kommandant Joubert se arm is afgeskiet en sy perd onder hom doodgeskiet. Hy het te voet 7


gevlug. Spaarwater se perd se kakebeen is af geskiet en hy het te voet gevlug, maar is aan die voet van die rand by Schulpspruit gewond. Dr. Aart Juriaanse wat by Uitkomst 'n veldhospilaal ingerig het, het dieselfde aand nog na die gewondes omgesien. Joiners Freek en Bill Fick het die burgers wat deur die Britle gevang is, weggelei. Kommandant Joubert en kaptein Dames wat onder dr. Juriaanse se sorg in sy vcldhospitaal verpleeg is, is deur die Britte daar verwyder. Kommandant Joubert se arm is deur die Britse mediese personeel op Wakkerstroom geampuleer. Hy was tot 1902 in die konsentrasiekamp op Ladysmith. Van 1910 tot 1913 was hy volksraadslid vir Wakkerstroom. Burger HJ Spaarwater se naam verskyn ook op die monument te Wakkerstroom. • Baie dankie Andre! Ek het gaan kyk wat Winston Churchill alles geskryf het.

So skryf Sir Winston Churchill self oor burger Spaarwater en die Zarp’s: “Before the train left Volksrust we changed our guards. The honest burghers who had captured us had to return to the front, and we were to be handed over to the police. The leader of the escort - a dear old gentleman - I am ignorant of his official rank - approached and explained through Spaarwater that it was he who had placed the stone and so caused our misfortunes. He said he hoped we bore no malice. We replied by no means, and that we would do the same for him with pleasure any day. Frankland asked him what rewards he would get for such distinguished service. In truth he might easily have been shot, had we turned the corner a minute earlier. The subaltern apparently contemplated some Republican V.C. or D.S.O. But the farmer was much puzzled by his question. After some explaining we learnt that he had been given fourteen days' furlough to go home to his farm and see his wife. His evident joy and delight were touching. I said: 'Surely this is a very critical time to leave the front. You may miss an important battle.' Yes,' he replied simply, ' I hope so.' Then we said' good bye,' and I gave him, and also Spaarwater, a little slip of paper setting forth that they had shown kindness and courtesy to British prisoners of war, and personally requesting anyone into whose hands the papers might come to treat them well, should they themselves be taken by the Imperial forces.

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We were then handed to a rather dilapidated policeman of a gendarme type, who spat copiously on the floor of the carriage and informed us that we should be shot if we attempted to escape. Having no desire to speak to this fellow, we let down the sleeping shelves of the compartment and, as the train steamed out of Volksrust, turned to sleep. “1

1905 Camels and the Police in Southern Africa THE CAMEL.2

1905 - Cape Mounted Police camels

So little has been written or this weird quadruped that a few remarks from one who has studied his variable temperament whilst employed for Mounted Police work might not come amiss even in this enlightened age; but may possibly prove instructive to many of my comrades who have not had an opportunity of studying him as I have. As most educated people are aware, the camel has been the doyen of transport animals from times immemorial. Indeed, so far as history and tradition reach back into the past, in the old primeval days when man cut his implements of war from stone and ran about in his fig leaf covering, we find the camel in the service of the human race as a beast of burden and the riding camel of the Northern Hemisphere. We are told that neither legend nor record exist describing him as a wild beast; and this cannot truly be said of any other domestic animal. Primitive types in their 1 2

WS Churchill, London to Ladysmith via Pretoria, Longmans, Green, London 1900 – pp 141 – 143. The Bandolier, (Cape Mounted Police) December 1905: pp 25 – 27.

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original natural state survive the equine race of sheep and cattle, of pigs and poultry, but not of the camel. Long and often has search been made for traces of the camel in a wild state, but without sure and unquestionable success. I have read that the nearest approach to this discovery has been a gentleman sportsman, who, after prolonged and. protracted investigations and expeditions found some years ago wild camels, and shot specimens in Central Asia. There was, however, little doubt that those were the descendants of domesticated animals belonging to a people who had ceased to inhabit those deserts; and of whom no trace then remained save a few old ruins in the sand that spoke of bygone habitations. In the Bible we read of the camel being domesticated and used years before the birth of Christ, whereas no mention is made of wild species, so that if they did not exist in a wild state at that early period, any pretended proof of their discovery at a later period would not fail to be a fallacy, however much we might try to convince ourselves of its truth. There can be no doubt that the camel will remain so long as the world lasts in the service of the human race, and will find a place in many countries where little is known of his watery-eye and irritatingly sardonic smile outside a zoological garden. In the more northern parts of Africa the advantages of camel transport are even now under experiment, but we would like to see it more generally experimentalised. Unfortunately, however, the Dutch, and indeed the majority of English farmers, have conceived a violent antipathy for the animal, so that we see that unless the Government come forward with experiments to show the farming community the many advantages of camel transport, very little can ever be expected from the farmers themselves. The camels imported by Government into the Gordonia district have proved eminently successful and far superior to the horse in these parts where scarcity of water and abundance of sand render travelling extremely difficult and tiring. The advantages of camels for patrols, especially of long, are many and various. Take their superior capacity of prolonged exertion, even without food or water. Their immunity from the many diseases of which horses are heir to. The fact that they can carry double the weight a horse can carry, and cover the distance in shorter time. Their length of service over the horse. Their adaptability to the country. They thrive well even in places where herbage is scarce and where a horse would soon succumb. 10


The plants and trees on which they feed can be numbered by hundreds, and they find sufficient nourishment cropping the thick and prickly "Haakdoorn" or nibbling the thick furze bush which abounds in the sand, and which would appear devoid of succulence. They are passionately fond of the" Mimosa" or "Kameeldoorn," and I have often wondered at seeing them strip the branches without injuring themselves with the thorns. They have a very great liking, too, for the long snake-like creepers that abound in the sand after rain, and I have noticed they will roam miles in search of this weed. Major Leonard, in his book on camels, only under unfavourable circumstances, states that the camel is an unintelligent beast-stupid in the extreme. While I do not wish to contradict one who professes to be an authority on the temperament of this animal, I cannot quite coincide with the expression of opinion above quoted. During my short study of camels I found that those under my charge displayed marked intelligence in crossing muddy sluits and dams-which is a most dangerous proceeding for camels, owing to the {act that they slide and are apt to split themselves up-.knowledge of their riders, etc. One I remember displayed great regularity in going and coming from grazing punctually to time after about a week's herding. This, too, when he was alone for a few days. Camels are essentially gregarious, and the majority of them evince a determined disinclination to travel or remain alone anywhere. Camels are patient and long-suffering, but if wantonly ill-treated will sooner or later retaliate. I remember a good instance of this. When the Government camels first arrived in Gordonia a certain individual why was not blessed with the usual share of common-sense-in fact it was a noticeable deficiency in him-managed to secure a first-rate camel, docile and obedient. From the first he commenced by brutally illtreating the animal, kicking and slashing the poor brute for no apparent reason. This went on for about two months, when the animal changed into a savage, unmanageable brute, with which the rider could do nothing. One day whilst on patrol the camel laid down and refused to rise, but kept showing his grinders threateningly. The rider returned to camp looking very white about the gills, and since that time has never been able to manage the animal, whereas, had the animal been treated properly he would have remained one of the best in the Service. No, I have satisfied myself that the camel must be treated kindly, and should never be whipped if it can be avoided. One can be firm without being brutal, and this is essentially necessary when dealing with camels. The man, who works his camel quietly and treats the animal as it should be treated, will find his attention well repaid in the end.

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A man should never show signs of fear before a camel or he can never hope to be master. If once you permit the camel to have his own way you may give up hope of ever being master again. I found camels very discriminative in that way If you ever desire to go up close to a camel, remember always to walk straight up to him, and not stand gaping at him at ten or fifteen yards distance; for if he be at all savage he will surely chase you. I remember seeing the 100 yards covered in pretty decent time once when the individual was being chased by "the devil and an ostrich and an orphan child in one." It is strange how well the majority of us can run when coaxed into it properly. I have often wondered why camels have not been introduced into the Vryburg and Kuruman districts (Bechuanaland), where the veldt and nature of the country is most suitable for them. In those districts immense forests of mimosa- Kameeldoorn on which camels thrive so exceedingly well, abound. Take the number of horses that die annually in those districts, and look what an economy would be effected by the substitution of the camel, which is immune in respect of the diseases to which horses succumb. I know of no districts in the northern CMP area more adapted for camels than Vryburg and Kuruman, and the Government will do well to introduce them for police work in those parts. In time we could even hope to breed our own riding camels for police work. Inspector Rush, I remember, recommended the substitution of the camel for the horse in the Kuruman district, some eighteen months ago, but no notice would appear to have been taken of this far-seeing officer's recommendation which, if adopted, would have saved hundreds of pounds needless expense. However, his anticipations may yet be realised. Inspector Davidson was another officer who foresaw the advantage of the camel over the horse in the northern area, and I believe the introduction of the first camels was mainly due to him. The finest riding camel in the world is said to be the Chaamba or Tonan Mahari of the Sahara, whose swiftness and immense size should render them the best obtainable for police work where speed is frequently essential in running down a fugitive from justice. Failing to obtain those, the next best would, I think, be those used by the troops in the Aden or Hinterland quarter. In choosing, however, riding camels only should be purchased, as the majority of our camels now in use are old baggage camels, unfitted for riding purposes. Having been accustomed to slow travelling all their days, it is impossible to get a good turn of speed out of them. If the Government adopt the system of camel patrolling throughout the northern CM.P. area it is most necessary that riding camels should be procured for the purpose, as baggage camels are, for the reason specified, unfitted to perform mounted police duties in a satisfactory manner. In my humble opinion a few 600d men mounted on camels would terra rise 12


the big-game pot hunters and money grabbers who roam unmolested in the Korrannaberg and Kalahari desert (Kuruman) and north of Morokwen and west of the Mashowing River (Vryburg) at certain periods of the year. With camels a patrol would be able to stay for weeks in the desert when" Sama" is in season, whereas now horsemen cannot approach the big-game poachers who practically live in the remote parts of the desert with one span of oxen, which depend and subsist almost entirely on "Sama." On horse-back a policeman is handicapped in many ways, but on a camel he would have the additional advantage of being able to travel from fifty to eighty miles a day, if necessary, an advantage which poachers would not fail to perceive. When necessary a camel can travel hundreds of miles in a very short time, through places where scarcity of water and abundance of thick heavy sands would soon deprive the best horse of its stamina and render death the only relief. Regarding the question of equipment, the best saddles obtainable are, I should say, those already in use, viz., the double-seated Egyptian I do not think this class of saddle can be beaten for mounted police work. Among the many camel detractors, Kipling has, I think, given the best summary of his faults. Here are a few lines:'E'll gall an' chafe, an' lame an' fight; 'E smells most awful vile; 'E'll lose hisself for ever if you let 'im stray a mile, 'E'" game to graze the 'ole day long an' 'owl the 'ole night thro', An' when 'e comes to greasy ground 'e splits hisself in two. . Then again :O the oont! O the oont! O, the hairy scary oont ! A trippin' over tent ropes when we've got the night alarm; We socks 'im with a stretcher pole and 'eads 'im off in front; An' when we've saved 'is bloom in' life, 'E chaws our bloomin' arm. And now having said enough to convince those responsible of the utility of the camel in these desolate parts, where, once having left his station and until his return, a policeman seldom if ever gets a night in bed, rendering the carrying of blankets on patrol an absolute necessity, I will conclude with the remark that, if persons only get over their first prejudice against the camel, am!. by accustoming themselves to his use discover his many advantages over the horse, I feel sure they will very soon become as partial to him as those who have used him for mounted police duties for many months in a rough and soul-distressing country. G.B. 13


• The officer who signs himself “GB” is not identified.

Z945 Nelson deur hoofkonstabel SF Marais3 Een van die SA Polisie se bekendste perde het op 14-7-1960, sy laaste skof afgelê. Sy sandglasie het leeg geloop en ou Vader Tyd het sy sens geswaai. Polisieperd nommer Z.945 Nelson (links), is op 24-6-1946, te Kimberley aangekoop van '1'1 mnr. A. O. Hadlow en is toe na die destydse remontekamp, naby Kimberley, gepos om geleer te word. Hy was toe slegs 4 iaar oud. Dit was ook nog net in die vroeë stadium van sy afrigting as 'n polisiepatrollieperd, dat hoofkonstabel. Matie Meyer4, die bekende ruiter, Nelson se moontlikhede as 'n goeie springperd raak gesien het. Hierdie eienskap kon egter, om die een of ander rede, nie ten volle ontwikkel word nie. Op 27-9-1948, word Nelson na Aucklandpark verplaas waar wyle sers. Wills, 'n ervare ruiter, hom onder hande neem. Dit het dan ook nie lank geduur nie voor die deelnemers aan perdespringkompetisies gedurende die Witwatersrand se Paas- en Lenteskoue, gevind het dat Nelson 'n gedugte teenstander was. Nelson het gou diep spore gelaat op die perdespringbane te Milner Park, Inanda, Kimberley, Bloemfontein, Port Elizabeth en Pretoria. Gedurende die Randse Lenteskou in 1950, wen Nelson, gery deur wyle sers. Wills, heide die hoogspring en die kampioenskap. Op 3-8-1956, word Nelson na die SA. Polisiekollege verplaas waar die kranige ruiter, sers. Paul Bothma5, sy ruiter word. Gedurende die Randse Paasskou in 1959 - toe daar 'n aantal springperde van die buiteland sowel as die allerbeste in die land gery deur die beste Suid-Afrikaanse en internasionale ruiters, aan die perdespringkomfletisies deelgeneem het - verower

Die Nongqai Augustus 1960: 43. Vader van die bekende Durban Hondeman: luit Hennie Meyer, later ’n brigadier in Soweto. 5 Later die befaamde brig Paul Bothma. 3 4

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sers. Bothma met Nelson beide die hoogspring en die Skoukampioenskap. Die Blou Lint, die vernaamste perdespringitems op die grootste Skou in Suidelike Afrika. Ongelukkig is 'n volledige rekord van Nelson se prestasies nie tot my beskikking nie, maar ek kan sonder enige vrees vir weerspreking, beaam dat Nelson een van die polisieperde was wat die grootste roem vir die Mag verwerf het en menige kenner van springperde sal sug wanneer verneem word dat die son vir Nelson onder gegaan het - een van die bekendste springperde op SuidAfrika se grootste skougronde.

A/O SF “Sarel” Marais Oom Sarel Marais was ‘n adjudant-offisier van die “ou” soort adjudant-offisiere wat alles pynlik netjies en korrek gedoen het. In sy fleur was hy ’n hoofkonstabel in die Polisiekollege. Hy was nie net polisieman nie, maar ook ’n hoefsmid in die kollege. Die ou manne vertel my die Oom Sarel was vreeslik sterk. Hy kon glo sy handtekening normaal, op ’n swartbord met kryt teken, terwyl ’n yslike gewig aan sy pinkie hang! Na sy aftrede het hy homself as ’n tydelikeadjudant-offisier by Veiligheidshoofkantoor bevind. Hy was op “Seksie A” en dis waar ek hom ontmoet het. Wel Oom Sarel was nie net sterk nie maar ook baie intelligent en nougeset. Een van sy take was meeluistering van ‘n spesiale aard en dag in en dag uit het Oom Sarel geluister en partykeer “geluister”. Omdat ons op dieselde seksie was het ek soms met hom oor die ou dae gesels. Hy was ‘n ware heer. Nou, so dan en wan het die duiwel kom kuier en op my skouer kom sit. (Die

duiwel het op my skouer gesit, nie ’n mannetjie nie!)

Wel as ek toilet toe stap en ek sien Oom Sarel “luister aandagtig” dan skakel ek die bandmasjien by die kragprop af en gaan doen my ding. Wanneer ek terugkom dan bekruip het hom so met my DKW-skoene en sit my hand op sy skouer! Hy spring dan verward op en sê: “Kaptein die manne praat weer vandag so in kode - ek verstaan geen woord!” Dan sê ek ewe onskuldig: ”Maar ek hoor niks!” Dan staan hy daar verleë – want hy het ‘n oormaat respek vir offisiere gehad!

15


Elke Donderdag dan kom vertel hy my: “Kaptein ek gaan gou asb my hare skeer!” Kyk, Oom Sarel het kort hare gehad – soos die ouderlinge van destyds – so plek-plek skyn die kopvel deur die hare! Hy was ‘n “polisiekollege-man” en “lang” hare het hy nie geduld nie. Hy was ‘n ware heer wat die etos van die polisiekollege dekades na uitpasering getrou uitgedra het! Hy was pynlik netjies op sy burgerdrag – eintlik het hy soos ‘n polisieman gelyk wat van diens af was – sy skoene is ook ge-“bone”. Maar so een of twee maal het ek met ‘n voorsprongaksie gekom – veral so op ‘n Woensdag: “ Meneer Marais met daardie lang hare stel u geen goeie voorbeeld vir die jong manne nie. Dis weer tyd om die haarkapper te besoek!” Dan staan hy verleë op sonder verweer, of flouerig: “Ek skeer more my hare, Kaptein!” Tot op ‘n dag toe ek Oom Sarel weer voor stok kry oor die hare, toe staan hy op. Hy word rooi in die gesig met sulke wit kolle hier en daar, op die wange – ek dag die Oubaas gaan in trane uitbars toe hy sê: “ Met respek, ek sal nie oor hare praat as ek u is nie!” Lekker lag het die storie ontlont en ons het baie oor die manne van die opposisie en hul streke gepraat - AF • Oom Sarel is oorlede, nogtans eer ons sy nagedagtenis. Saluut!

Debat: Generaal Johan van der Merwe antwoord dr Pieter Croukamp Dit is vir my moeilik om te oordeel of professor Croucamp bloot oningelig of naief is, en of hy vir die onthalwe van sy eie geheime agenda bereid is om al die onsinnigehede

wat

hy

kwytraak,

as

die

waarheid

voor

te

hou

nie.

Behalwe vir 'n lang tirade en ‘n kwistige aanwending van die gewone, reeds wel bekende, holrug geryde propagandistiese cliche’s, gaan sy dokument mank aan enige substansie. Geen feite om sy stellings te staaf, word verskaf nie. Om ‘n bietjie juiste perspektief te stel: In die geval van die Zero-handgranate, was die betrokke persone onderweg na die wonings van swart lede van die Mag en raadslede om hulle en hulle gesinne met die handgranate uit te wis. Daar was geen manier waarop die informant kon bepaal wie almal aan so 'n aanval sou deelneem en wanneer hulle sou toeslaan nie. Al wat die veiligheidstak volgens die inligting wat ons ontvang het, geweet het, was dat hulle op soek was na handgranate en dat hulle op ‘n onsekere datum aanvalle sou loods. Vandaar die besluit dat die vertragingsmeganismes uit ‘n aantal handgranate verwyder word en dit aan die aanvallers beskikbaar gestel word. Hulle eie handelinge het hulle lot bepaal. My opdrag was nadruklik, soos al die getuies bevestig het, dat daar geen uitlokking van 16


enige aard moet wees nie. Hulle moes self besluit en die gevolge van hulle besluit dra. Op grond van die talle aanvalle op lede van die Mag en raadslede in die verlede, kon die bedreiging tog nie ligtelik opgeneem gewees het nie. Dit was immers heeltemal onprakties om elke lid van die Mag en raadslid sowel as hulle families permanent te probeer beskerm. Dit is insiggewend dat, terwyl professor Craucamp blykbaar ‘n sekere siening oor hierdie gebeure het, die Amnestiekomitee wat die amnestie-aansoeke aangehoor het, tevrede was met die feite wat voor hulle geplaas was. Wat Sharpeville-voorval betref: Daar kan geen twyfel bestaan dat die lede van die Polisie wat by Sharpeville op die skare gevuur het, 'n wrede dood sou sterf as die skare die oorhand gekry het nie. Indien die optrede van die polisie in hierdie geval as moord beskou word, moet dieselfde maatstaf op polisie wĂŞreldwyd toegepas word, waar hulle ter beskerming van hulself en die publiek, aanvallers dood. Die professor verwys op sy tipies eensydige manier na sterfgevalle in aanhouding gedurende die tersaaklike tydperk, en hy onthou skynbaar van 'n geval waar 'n aangehoudene op 'n koekie seep gegly het. Die professor kan gerus die aantal gevalle waar persone in aanhouding van die SA Polisiemag tot en met 1990 gesterf het, vergelyk met die getal wat sedert 1994 in polisie-aanhouding gesterf het. Volgens statistiek wat deur die Onafhanklike Klagte Direktoraat van die Polisie verstrek, het 652 persone gedurende 2004/2005 op onnatuurlike wyse - vermoedelik as gevolg van polisie-optrede - in polisieaanhouding gesterf en gedurende 2005/2006 was die getal 621.

Is al hierdie persone volgens die professor deur die polisie

vermoor? Die stelling wat die professor maak dat Eugene de Kock op die slagveld agtergelaat is, is louter snert.

Eugene de Kock sou ten opsigte van al die moorde waarby hy

betrokke was amnestie gekry het, met die uitsondering van die Nelspruitvoorval waar lede van sy eenheid onder sy aanvoering gedurende Maart 1992 vyf persone koelbloedig vermoor het. Volgens getuienis wat deur lede van sy eie eenheid tydens die strafregtelike verhoor gelewer is, is die persone bloot vir geldelike gewin vermoor. Let wel, dit was nie generaals wat teen Eugene de Kock getuig het nie, maar lede van sy eie eenheid. Tydens die amnestieverhoor is daar ook bevind dat daar geen politieke motief van enige aard was nie. Eugene de Kock is tot 80 jaar gevangenisstraf weens hierdie moorde gevonnis.

Ek het na afloop van die amnestieverhoor waar amnestie aan 17


Eugene de Kock en ander lede van sy eenheid geweier is, advies gevra om te verneem of daar enige moontlikheid was dat Eugene de Kock 'n kans het om met 'n aansoek om hersiening by die Hooggeregshof te slaag. Die advies was dat die getuienis teen hom verdoemend was, en dat dit geldmors sou wees om so 'n aansoek te loods. Ek was bereid om fondse in te samel om Eugene de Kock met so 'n aansoek te help as dit sinvol sou wees en daar ‘n redelike kans op sukses bestaan het. Eugene de Kock se regspan het inderdaad ook eens in die ander twee gevalle waar hy amnestie geweier is, 'n aansoek om hersiening geloods nie, gesien die feit dat dit nutteloos sou wees in die lig van die Nelspruitgeval. Eugene de Kock is terdeë bewus van al hierdie feite en enige poging om dit agter 'n rookskerm van beskuldigings te probeer versteek, is dood eenvoudig ‘n verdraaing van die feite. Professor Croucamp kan gerus die moeite doen om met advokaat Flip Hattingh SC en ander lede van Eugene de Kock se regspan te skakel en by hulle te verneem of hulle van mening is dat daar enige feite bestaan dat Eugene de Kock deur my en die ander generaals in die steek gelaat is, en of die inligting hierbo verstrek juis of onjuis is.

Hy kan ook met ons prokureur, mnr. Jan Wagener, skakel wat hierdie feite sal

bevestig.

Mnr. Wagener is heeltemal bereid om die professor te woord te staan en

hy kan met hom skakel by 0824166041. Ek dink nie dit is sinvol om ‘n debat voort te gaan waar bloot holruggeryde, steriotiepe propaganada herhaal word asof dit die waarheid is nie. So’n debat sal ongetwyfeld op ‘n emosionele vlak gevoer word deur die professor, en ek het lank reeds geleer dat dit geen sin maak om intelligent te probeer redeneer met ‘n persoon wie se argumente bloot op emosie gegrond is nie. • Baie dankie Generaal!

Johan Ferriera Dit was lekker om in Nuusbrief 18, my 'n vriend Calipie Calitz se storie net onder my poging te sien. Ek en Netta het vir Calipie en Joyce leer ken toe ons almal in Middelburg (Tvl) saam gewerk het .... ek as werwingsoffisier by die Afkom en Calipie as die Bevelvoerder by Radio Tegnies. Ons het baie oor en weer by mekaar se huise gekuier ..... ook saam met Louis en Sarie Smuts .... wat destyds ook, soos ek, 'n kaptein was. Ek lag nou nog as ek onthou toe Calipie en Joyce een aand (ek dink dit was 'n Maandagaand ... die gewone aand toe die "manne met die "rondepuntskoene" vergader het). So oor die Bols en coke het ou Calipie een of ander iets oor die 18


"manne met die rondepuntskoene" gesê ...... en ek en Netta onwillekeurig afgekyk het na my skoene .... en die Calitze het betekenisvol na mekaar gekyk. Toe die Calitze later huistoe is, het ek en Netta lekker gelag .... ons het gesweer dat hy net wou kom kyk of ek ook by die vergadering was, of nie! Een dag, 'n hele paar jaar later, het ons weer een aand by Calipie hulle gekuier toe hulle nog in die gereserveerde ampswoning van Radio-Tegnies in Keevy-Kop gebly het. Die aand het brigadier Johan van der Hoven ook daar gekuier. Ek was toe al 'n majoor of dalk al 'n luitenant-kolonel, en was op die Kommissarispersoneel in Hoofkantoor gestasioneer. Ek onthou nog die bitterheid oor dinge wat toe in die brigadier se hart was ..... maar dis 'n ander storie. Die vier jaar wat ons op Middelburg was, sou nie dieselfde gewees het as dit nie vir die gawe mense soos die Calitze en Louis Smuts hulle was nie. NS Calipie ..... ons moet weer een 'n slag kuier ... dan sal ek sê oor die skoene! Johan Ferreira.

SAP Geskiedenis – Hennie Heymans Vorderingsverslag: Vir jare is ek besig met omvattende navorsing na die Geskiedenis van die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisie en sy voorgangers.

Brig JA ‘Jan’ Du Preez – adjunk-kommissaris: veiligheidshoofkantoor Ten eerste wil ek graag noem dat brig Jan du Preez se manuskrip: Die Veiligheidstak van die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisie en Rewolusie in Suid-Afrika nou end se kant toe staan. Johan Ferriera het aangebied om die manuskrip klaar te tik – dit is gedoen en ons is besig om die finale uitkennings te doen. Genl Johan van der Merwe het onderneem om die voorwoord te skryf.

SAP Radio Tegnies Ten tweede het ek so deur die jare inligting oor alle aspekte van die polisie se radio tegniese aspekte versamel – selfs van die seiners in die Natal Police, Cape Mounted Police edm voor die sigting van die SA Polisie en van 1913 tot by Radio Tegnies soos ons hom vandag ken. ‘n Rowwe konsep is opgestel en aan Ron Aylward gestuur. Die terugvoering het my voete onder my uitgeslaan – die geskiedenis is werklik 19


interessant! Hierdie aspek van die Mag nader stadig voltooiing. Inligting word nog ingewag mbt Kompol x302 (veiligheidstak) se tegniese afdeling en die van die Buro vir Staatsveiligheid - wat maar uit die SAP(V) se tegniese afdeling gegroei het. Die teleks se geskiedenis ontbreek.

Genl MCW “Mike” Geldenhuys Die derde projek is die herinneringe van generaal MCW Geldenhuys. Hy is iemand wat ‘n besondere loopbaan in die polisie gehad het. ‘n Pionier in vele opsigte. Weereens het Johan Ferreira sy hulp aangebied en hierdie projek vorder mooi – ons moet nog baie inligting insamel.

Die Polisie in Suid-Afrika van 1913 – 2013 Marius de Witt Dippenaar het die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisie se geskiedenis vir die 75 jaar wat die SAP bestaan het, opgestel. Die ander werk wat voorlê is om bv die volgende aspekte vir die nageslag na te vors, na 1988: Uniformtak, Speurtak, Veiligheid, Vervoerpolisiëring, Kwartiermeester – Logistiek, Tin, Spesiale Taakmag, Lugvleuel, Finansiele Administrasie, Goudtak, Diamanttak, Drank- Dobbel en Ontug, SANAB, Moord en Roof, Blitspatrollie, Handelstak, SA Kriminele Buro en KRS, Forensies, Lykshuise, Opleiding, Hondeskool, Koevoet, Vervoer, Uniforms, Kentekens, Sport, Grafte en Gedenktekens – om ‘n paar te noem.

Die Spesiale Taakmag Die korrekte geskiedenis van die Taakmag moet geskryf word. Generaal-majoor SJ “Black Jack” de Swart kan tereg as die “Vader” van die Spesiale Taakmag in SuidAfrika beskou word. Hy het met die eerste vrywilligers te Baviaanspoort in hul vryetyd geoefen. Die rol van mense soos kmdt Kerkhoeven (Hunters) en mnr Grant Greerson moet nie buite rekening gelaat word nie. Genl De Swardt het my vanuit Kaapstad geskakel en ons sal eersdaags ontmoet. Genl De Swardt het ook ‘n bydrae gelewer tot die stigting van die SASP se Spesiale Taakmag.

Polisiemanne van Suid-Afrika - ‘ n Biografiesewoordeboek ‘n A - Z Biografiesewoordeboek om hulde te bring aan polisiemanne wat presteer het as bevelvoerders, helde, sportmanne, pioniers op hul eie gebied, stigters van eenhede edm vorder. 20


Die Koevoet-boek: Koevoet the Men Speak – mnr Jonathan Pittaway Die reeks begin met die Long Range Dessert Group, die Rhodesiese SAS, die Selous Scouts en dan Koevoet. Hierdie is boeke wat genoemde eenhede tot eer strek. Die boek gaan nou in die pylvlak en ons doen ‘n laaste beroep op lede en oudlede vir die volgende: o Koevoet en heraldiek: ons soek ‘n kundige om vir ons alles te vertel oor Koevet se uniforms, skouerflitse, kentekens en dies meer. o Polisie-ooggetuies van Pondoland, Cato Manor en Sharpeville. o Polisie-ooggetuies van 16 Junie 1976 in Soweto. o Polisie-oogetuies van die Foxstraat beleg (David Protter). Was die SASP se taakmag nie gereed om by Foxstraat op te tree nie? o Die Silverton-bankbeleg. Daar was in die Sunday Times ‘n berig oor die Silverton Bankbeleg met die opskrif: The Cop who Led the Charge. Dit het gehandel oor die Spesiale Taakmag wat vir die eerste keer by die bankbeleg in Silverton opgetree het. Wie het die berig? o 26 Aug 1966: Die Slag van Umgulumbashe. o Kerkstraat se bom – veral die speurders wat betrokke was se verslag word benodig. o Liefs unieke foto’s mbt Cato Manor, Pondoland, Sharpeville, Soweto, Foxstraat, Kerkstraatbom, Silverton-bankbeleg, Lugvleuel, Watervleuel, Waterpolisie, gepansterde polisievoertuie van die Hippo, Spook, edm.

Wagters op die Mure Oudlede het al baie oor die onderwerp gepraat. Die opvoering is vir die eerste keer gedurende 1962 opgevoer. Toe die polisie op 1 April 1988 sy 75-jarige bestaan gevier het, is "Wagters op die Mure" weer op 4 Mei 1988 by die amfiteater van die Voortrekkermonument in Pretoria onder die beskerming van AKPOL-tak aangebied.

Ons Leuse Terwyl die Mag se leuse, SERVAMUS ET SERVIMUS, in die feesjaar (1988) so by herhaling in onder meer feesredes en toesprake aangehaal en beklemtoon word, dink ek dit is van geskiedkundige belang, en ook vir kennisname deur veral ons jonger lede, dat dit geboekstaaf word hoe hierdie leuse, nou reeds sowat 27 jaar oud, die SA Polisie se eie geword het. 21


Die ou Polisiewet (Wet nr. 14 van 1912) het vir meer as 40 jaar nooit 'n klousule bevat wat die funksies en werksaamhede van die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisie voorgeskryf of beskryf het nie. Terwyl ek in die vroeë vyftigerjare by Hoofkantoor 'n junior stafoffisier, belas met al die. werksaamhede betreffende regsaspekte (onder andere die Polisiewet en -regulasies, die Drankwet, ens.) was, is hierdie sterk aangevoelde leemte in ons Polisiewet uiteindelik aangevul met 'n bykomende klousule (art. 5bis) wat kortliks al die funksies en werksaamhede van die Mag weergegee het. Ons land was destyds nog 'n Statebondland en ons Magleuse, PRO REGE, PRO LEGE, PRO GREGE (Vir Die Koning, Vir Die Reg, Vir Die Kudde of Samelewing) was toe heeltemal toepaslik. Maar na Republiekwording in 1961 was hierdie leuse nie meer van pas nie. Ons moes baie gou 'n ander leuse kry. Toe ek gevolglik van die destydse hoofadjunkkommissaris (wyle genl. J M Keevy) opdrag kry om onmiddellik aan die werk te spring om 'n nuwe leuse vir die Mag daar te stel, kon ek maar net by die nuwe art. 5bis in die Polisiewet gaan leers opsteek. Na baie oorwegings, gesukkel en konsepleuses was my uiteindelike voorstel aan hom en die Kommissaris 'n bondige samevatting van die funksies van die SA Polisie soos vervat in art. 5bis. "ONS DIEN EN ONS BESKERM - WE SERVE AND WE PROTECT",

Dit is net so deur hulle aanvaar,

maar toe kom ons te staan voor die praktiese probleem dat hierdie tweetalige leuse te lank is wat bet ref die aanbring daarvan op klein metaal-polisiewapens en embleme. Gevolglik moes ons maar weer terugval op 'n eentalige leuse en moes ons noodwendig toe maar weer ons toevlug tot Latyn neem. Destyds was daar 'n professor Naude wat Latyn aan die Universiteit van Suid-Afrika gedoseer het. Ek het hom toe genader om my te help om die mooiste en doeltreffendste vertaling in Latyn daar te stel. So is ons pragtige leuse, SERVAMUS ET SERVIMUS, gebore. • Deur oorlede genl. JP Gous, oud-kommissaris, gedurende 1988 geskryf. [Erkenning: Bond van Oud-Polisiemanne, Bondsnuus 1987:1] • Die skietmedalje met ou leuse is in besit van oud-adj-off Fred Geldenhuis.

22


ZS-HMY Ons Eerste Helikopter – Tubby Myburgh ZS-HMY se vorige vlieëniers: 1. Geoff Heim (Jeff); 2. LM Van Den Bergh; 3. Wessel Van Den Bergh; (Hy is nou die eienaar van `n hengse groot chopper vliegskool op Grand Central.); 4. Martin (?); (Hy is oorspronklik van die Polisie-orkes); en 5. Kobus (?) of (Koos?). • Wie kan aanvul?

23


'n Profiel van die SA Vloot Mariniers: J Jacobs Vele Suid-Afrikaners is nie bewus dat Suid Afrika 'n Mariniers Korps gehad het en dat dié 'n belangrike rol in die Militêre geskiedenis van hierdie land gespeel het nie. Die Suid-Afrikaanse Korps van Mariniers is gestig 1951 - maar die eenheid se oorsprong dateer veel vroeër as 1951. Hier volg 'n kort opsomming van die Mariniers se geskiedenis en rol nou in die SA Vloot. Agtergrond In 1912 is 'n Kus Garnisoen Mag gestig wat bestaan uit twee Korpse, die SuidAfrikaanse Garnisoen Artillerie (SAGA) en die Suid-Afrikaanse Kus Verdediging Korps. Op sy beurt het die Suid-Afrikaanse Garnisoen Artillerie bestaan uit twee divisies. 1ste Divisie SAGA. Hulle beman batterye by See Punt, Fort Wynyard, die Kasteel in Kaapstad asook Noag se Ark en ander Batterye op Simonstad. 2de Divisie SAGA. Hierdie divisie onder die bevel van Luitenant-kolonel C. Wilson beman vier 15-ponder kanonne gemonteer op beton ‘gunpits’ op Durban Bluff. Die Suid Afrikaanse Regering se besluit om Duits Suidwes-Afrika in te val gedurende die Eerste Wêreldoorlog het 'n behoefte laat ontstaan vir Swaar Artillerie en is 'n Swaar Artillerie Brigade in 1915 gevorm om die SA magte te vergesel. Opdrag was gegee aan Luitenant-kolonel JM Rose, van die Koninklike Marinier Artillerie om die Brigade saam te stel uit elemente van die Koninklike Marine Artillerie gestasioneer in Suid-Afrika, tesame met offisiere en manskappe van die Kaap en Durban Garnisoen Artillerie. Met die uitbreek van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog is die Kaapse Garnisoen Artillerie se 1ste en 2 de Batterye van die Kaapse Artillerie Brigade met Swaar Kus Batterye toegerus, twee medium batterye met 60-Ponders en 6-duim ‘Howitzers’. Die Kaapse Garnisoen was ook verantwoordelik vir die werking van No. 1 Panser Trein (ek kry geen inligting oor hierdie spesifieke trein nie, daar is volgens inligting vier sulke treine gebou tydens daardie tydperk). Tydens dié oorlog was permanente Batterye van swaar Artillerie gestig van Walvisbaai tot by Durban wat verantwoordelik was vir algemene kus verdediging. Die doeltreffendheid van die SA Kus Verdediging kan afgelei word uit die feit dat geen Duitse of Japannese skepe ooit probeer het om Suid-Afrikaanse hawens aan te val nie en die enigste keer dat 'n skoot afgevuur is, was toe die Portugese fregat 24


Alfonso d'Albuquerque nagelaat het om te reageer op seine om haarself te identifiseer. Een rondte was voldoende om haar te dwing om te antwoord en sy was behoorlik geïdentifiseer.

Dictionary Die Suid Afrikaanse Mariniers Brigade

Op aandrang van Suid-Afrikaanse Offisiere wat in die ‘Royal Marines’ gedien het, is Brigadier P. de Waal, CB, CBE, op 1 Julie 1951 as hoof van die nuwe gestigte SA Korps van Mariniers aangestel. Hulle basis-en opleidings fasiliteit word op Robben-eiland gevestig. As huldeblyk vir sy dienste, is De Waal-battery, die swaar battery op Robbeneiland, na hom vernoem. Hierdie skrywer se geskut-instrukteur Eerste Bootsman Johnny Smith het sy basiese opleiding op dié eiland gedoen en sy geskut-instrukteurs (G.I.) opleiding by die ‘Royal Navy’ in Engeland. Die rol van die Mariniers was Kus- en Lug Artillerie en Radar verdediging van SuidAfrikaanse hawens en kuslyne, die Teen-Lug ‘AntiAircraft’ verdediging van ander strategiese punte in Suid-Afrika en die voorsiening van ligte ‘AntiAircraft’

Artillerie

vir

SA

troepe

in

die

veld. Benewens artillerie dienste is die Mariniers, insluitend die Aktiewe Burgermag Marines ook opgelei op see dienste en infanterie patrollering en taktieke. Mariniers aanvulling is gehandhaaf op sekere skepe en die SAS Simon van der Stel, was na Suid-Afrika gebring vir hierdie doel. Brig. de Waal se doel was om 'n Mariniers Korps op te lei op dieselfde standaarde as dié van die Royal Mariniers en die Verenigde State Mariniers Korps. Die Mariniers was baie gesog as gevolg van hul opvallende donker blou diens uniform met versierde oranje broek strepe vir seremoniële aktiwiteite. Hulle het dikwels die seremoniële wag gevorm by die ‘Government House’ as die goewerneur-generaal in Durban of Kaapstad was. 25


'n Peloton Mariniers was deel van die Suid Afrikaanse Kontingent onder leiding van Kommandant van der Hoven met die ‘Coronation’ parade in Londen in 1953. Hulle het ook die seremoniële ere-wag gevorm ter ere van Prins Bernhard van Nederland met sy besoek in 1954. Teen 1954 het die Mariniers goed gefunksioneer en is hul funksies uit gebrei as bemanning van kanonne op skepe asook van die kus verdedigings skepe, soos die SAS Gelderland, SAS Reiger en SAS Nautilus (ek was ook 'n bemannings lid in die middel 70’s op hierdie patrollieboot in Durban). Met die koms van die Russiese Sowjet-Unie klas oorlogskepe wat met geleide missiele toegerus is, het die SA owerhede besluit om die Kus Artillerie te laat vaar. As gevolg hiervan word die Mariniers Korps op 1 Oktober 1955, ontbind. Die laaste keer dat die Mariniers op 'n groot parade gesien was, was toe die ‘1st Coast Regiment’ ontbind is in 1955, en hul seremoniële vaandel neer gelê is in St George's Katedraal, Kaapstad. Met die Mariniers se ontbinding word die Lug-verdedigings eenhede oorgeplaas na die leër en die kus regimente deur die Vloot oorgeneem. Die drie Kus Artillerie eenhede is herdoop na SAS Ubique, SAS Diaz, en SAS Malgas. Hulle word ook in 1958 ontbind.

1 Marine Brigade Die tweede Suid-Afrikaanse Marine Korps is in 1979 gestig om die Suid-Afrikaanse Vloot in staat te stel om 'n groter rol in Teen-Insurgensie bedrywighede te neem. 'n Brigade sterkte-eenheid is aangewys as 1 Marine Brigade. Die aanvanklike visie was vir 'n volledige see-gebore amfibiese brigade wat op bedrywighede ontplooi sal word in die suidelike Angolese en Mosambiekse streke of hawens. As gevolg van begroting besnoeiing is hierdie planne laat vaar en is ‘n groter beklemtoning geplaas op aanvalle op landelike basisse in die suide van Angola saam met die SA Leër. ‘n Meer beperkte rol is ook in die vooruitsig gestel, wat ingesluit het die ontwikkeling van 'n mag wat in staat is vir die beskerming van ‘n ‘beachhead’ vir die onttrekking van spesiale magte wanneer nodig. Die Mariniers word met nutria bruin gevegs drag uitgereik en kon uitgeken word deur ‘n swart beret, swart web belt en swart stewels met tradisionele Vloot rang tekens. In teenstelling met die standaard 7,62mm R1 FAL geweer is die Mariniers 26


uitgereik met 7,62mm H&K G3 LAR gewere. Hierdie G3 wapens is gekonfiskeer uit ‘n wapen besending wat vir SWAPO bedoel is vanaf ‘n skip in die hawe van Namibe in die suide van Angola deur die SAW Spesiale Magte en die SA Vloot. Die G3 was nie ‘n sterk wapen nie en kon maklik baskadig word as dit hard met die Afrika grond kennis gemaak het, veral die magasyn was van ‘n baie sagte materiaal. Dit was ook groen van kleur alhoewel daar ‘n aantal swart gekleurdes was. Ek het een van die swart G3’s gehad en het van die wapen gehou veral die breë sneller wat gemaklik in my skiet vinger gepas het.

Vestiging, Opleiding en Operasies Die aanvanklike offisier kader van dié brigade is uit Suid-Afrikaanse infanterieeenhede, asook van die Rhodesiese magte verkry. Die senior onder-offisiere is gekies uit die Suid-Afrikaanse Vloot en die Rhodesian Light Infantry (RLI) en van die Rhodesiese polisiemag (BSAP). Een van my vroulike studente wat vanaf die Rhodesiese polisie afkomstig was en 'n oriëntasie kursus by SAS Saldanha ondergaan het, is nou werksaam by Scotland Yard in Engeland. Offisiere en onderoffisiere is versoek om alle SAW infanterie opleiding asook gespesialiseerde Vloot opleidingskursusse vir promosie-doeleindes te voltooi. Opleiding is gefokus op regiment opleiding sowel as konvensionele oorlogvoering, gevolg deur plattelandse teen-insurgensie bedrywighede. Na hierdie opleiding, is sommige Mariniers verplaas na spesialis velde terwyl die meerderheid verplaas is op 'n rotasie basis na Marine-eenhede en operasionele ontplooiing in Suid-Wes-Afrika. Die Mariniers is ontplooi vir gereelde infanterie pligte in Sektor 10 in die sentrale Ovambo streek met basis op Oshakati vir teen-insurgensie (TEIN) bedrywighede sowel as ontplooiing in ondersteuning aan die

SA

SWA eenhede.

Magte

en

Gebiedsmag Gevegs

ondersteuning word verleen Operasie

tydens Daisy

in

November 1981, en later met die Leër se oor-grens aksies in die suide van Angola. 27


Daarna, word die Mariniers onttrek uit Sektor 10 en weer her-ontplooi in Sektor 70 in die noord-ooste van Suid-Wes-Afrika. Hulle word gestasioneer by Wenela naby Katima Mulilo in die oostelike Caprivi met 'n 50 km lands grens teen Zambië in die weste en 200 km rivier grens met Zimbabwe en Botswana in die ooste. Die Mariniers beman ook 'n observasie punt aan die mees oostelike punt van Suidwes-Afrika – by Kazangulu waar voertuig verkeer oor die Zambezi rivier met die ferry, gefotografeer word. Pligte is ook verskuif na stedelike teen-insurgensie bedrywighede binne Suid Afrika, terwyl Mariniers peloton grootte eenhede beskermings pligte uitgevoer het in Namacurra Klas Hawe Beskermings Bote (HBB) in groot SA hawens in samewerking met die Suid Afrikaanse Spoorweg Polisie (SASP) wat wetstoepassing gedoen het. In 'n amfibiese oefening, Oefening Magersfontein gehou te Walvisbaai in September / Oktober 1988, het die Mariniers saam met die SA Vloot en 44 Valskerm Brigade, hul operasionele vermoë gedemonstreer wat volgens senior Kubaanse beamptes, Kuba oortuig het dat SA ernstig is met die onderhandeling oor Angola en Namibië. Dit het 'n definitiewe invloed op die samesprekings gehad. Ek was vir ‘n kort tydperk op Oshakati en op Wanela basis maar my liefde vir die see het my by 131HBE op Walvisbaai laat ankers gooi. Hierdie eenheid was verantwoordelik vir die beveiliging van die hawe en see gebied tot by Tora-baai, en het ‘n tydelike basis op myl 108 gehad. Die eenheid het ook

die

woestyn

gebied

gepatroleer. Die Mariniers het ook Walvisbaai se pier gebied per voet gepatroleer tesame met die SA Spoorwegpolisie en met Namacurra’s die see in die baai gepatroleer en rondom die oosblok lande se visskepe wat op

anker

gelê

het.

Hulle

kommunikasie stelsels is ook gefotograveer. Verskeie skepe wat langs die pier vas gemeer was is saam met die SASP ondersoek vir plofstowwe en ander ontwettige materiale. Die Mariniers van 131 HBE en die SASP was ‘n gedugte 28


span wat alles gegee het om terrorisme in SWA se enigste hawe te beveg. Vanaf die mid 1980’s speel die Mariniers ook ‘n rol in die bekamping van tereur in die ‘townships’ oral in die land. Aan die Rand gebruik die Mariniers die Burgermag Vloot eenheid SAS Rand in Johannesburg en fasiliteite by ‘Signal Hill’ buite Heidelberg. Die Mariniers word op 18 Januarie 1990 ontbind as gevolg van die SA Vloot se rekonstruksie program. Die Nuwe SA Vloot se ‘Naval Rapid Deployment Force’ Hierdie Mag is in 2006 gestig en bestaan uit twee operasionele eenhede. Die Operasionele Boot Eenheid wat toegerus is met Namacurra Hawe Beskermings bote en is gespesialiseerd in hawe en rivier operasies. Bote is al in Burundi en die DRC ontplooi. Die ‘Maritime Reaction Squadron’ bestaan uit twee kompanies wat opgelei is in infanterie oorlogvoering en in skade-beheer. Hulle pligte behels dieselfde soos die vroeër 1 Mariniers Brigade. - Johan Jacobs (Oud- 1 Mariniers Brigade)

SASP en SAP Samewerking Tafelbaai 19246

Die SAP het ‘n polisiestasie “Cape Town Docks” gehad. No 5714 (V) 2/sers FBP Fourie KPM het gedurende 1925 ‘n matroos in die hawe gered – King, SAP Gallantry Awards 2000: 48 & 60. 6

29


Hoe sien ander ons? As ’n jong advokaat is regter Albie Sachs op 1 Oktober 1963 gearresteer en hy word vir 168 dae aangehou. Feitlik die enigste mense met wie hy in aanraking kom is die polisie. Hy het ’n skitternde boek oor sy aanhouding geskryf en in sy boek beskryf hy vir ons, die manne in blou, en hy sien goed van ons raak wat ons nie altyd raak sien nie of as vanselfsprekend aanvaar: “I wonder what they7 think of me? I would say most of them now would like to see me released, though they were pretty hostile at first. The one who cuts hair wouldn't accept payment for the haircut he gave me. 'Have it as a Christmas present,' he insisted. Then there was the sergeant who came into my cell on Christmas day, took off his cap, gave me a vigorous handshake, and wished me the best of luck for the future even if the present wasn't too bright. I don't think they like some of the security branch men too much, though they don't seem to like the station commander either. In fact, this is a very unhappy police station. There are constant intrigues and accusations and counter-accusations. Two weeks ago the station commander was charging some of the men with having stolen blankets. The men often seem to be rubbing things out in the books and changing the entries. They do it during my exercise time when they are guarding me as I run round the yard. Probably they don't realise how· closely I observe them and listen to their conversation. I'm always jumping to conclusions and am nearly always wrong. Like the time when the blankets were stolen. I had seen one of the sergeants scratching out an entry with a blade a few days earlier. Then later I heard the constables talking about a policeman who killed himself with a gun. The sergeant did not appear for a whole week, so I assumed that he was the one who had committed suicide because he had been caught out in his theft. Then one day he turned up again. He had merely been on outside duty for a week. I am always trying to fit little pieces of information together to form a story. I'll never forget those newspaper headlines that I tried to read. That was different, it was during exercise time, on a Saturday afternoon about the middle of November. As I started running round the yard I noticed that the two policemen guarding me were both reading newspapers. They sat at a table in a passage which led off the

7

Die polisie.

30


yard, and for about a third of my circuit round the yard I was able to see them. The newspapers were flat on the table, and I was moving all the time so I wasn't able to see much8.” Bron: Sachs, Albie: The Jail Diary of Albie Sachs, David Phillip, Cape Town, 1990 p 188.

THE UTRECHT MOUNTED POLICE Lt-Col Richard S Godley is a former member of the British South Africa Company Police, British South Africa Police, the South African Constabulary, the Utrecht Mounted Police, Transvaal Police and who finally retired as Deputy Commissioner of the South African Police, Witwatersrand. He served in the police from 1896 – 1931. In his book “Khaki and Blue” he describes the founding of the Utrecht Mounted Police - irrelevant and personal details have been removed - as follows: On Christmas Eve Captain Miers9 of the Somerset Light Infantry (and seconded to the SAC), and myself were ordered to proceed to Newcastle, Natal, and report ourselves for duty to Brig-General Burn-Murdoch, O.C. 82 Troops in that district. The General informed us that we would be attached to his staff, also that he had applied for us to raise and train a body of 250 N.C.O.s and men, to be called the Utrecht Mounted Police, for the policing and patrolling of the Vryheid and Utrecht Districts, which had lately been detached from the Transvaal, on the annexation, and handed over to Natal. It was decided that Captain Miers should go to Utrecht at once, to arrange about quarters, stores, etc., whilst I remained at Newcastle to select and attest recruits, who would later be sent forward in detachments to Utrecht, where the force would be concentrated and trained. Again malaria claimed me as its victim-this time when in the Military Hospital - and doctors, in spite of vehement protests, insisted that it was enteric. For days I was starved, given nothing but milk and water. In February I left Newcastle to rejoin Captain Miers at Utrecht. He was shortly afterwards recalled to the Transvaal, and I was appointed Military Magistrate, and Officer Commanding the Utrecht Mounted Police in his stead.

Die polisiemanne het die koerant gelees oor die sluipmoord op pres JF Kennedy – HBH. Capt Miers (SAC – Heidelberg) is later shot. Field Cornet Salmon van As was charged for his murder after the War, Van As was then shot at the Heidelberg Prison and both are buried at Heidelberg, Tvl. (More info on Miers/Van As is required.) 8 9

31


Frequently detachments of U.M.P. were sent out at night, in company with parties of Mounted Infantry, to raid and surround farmhouses, to collect information, and capture prisoners. During these expeditions, we more than once narrowly missed being ambushed, and suffered 83 several casualties. The Mounted Infantry were commanded at the time by Captain Percy Smith. He and I found great amusement and laughter arranging these “fore-lays" and in their execution. Locally and among my friends the UMP were known by the name of "Godley's Godless Gallopers"! The District Commissioner, charged with the civil administration of the district, was Major Graham of the 5th Lancers. He and his wife occupied a small house in the village, and could not do enough for us youngsters. During February and March torrential rain fell for weeks at a time, and the roads became almost impassable. When the weather was at its worst, General Burn-Murdoch passed through from Newcastle, with a large convoy of supplies which he was taking to General Sir John French, who was operating with a large force in the Lake Chrissie and Ermelo districts. The road was so appalling that it took two days to get over Knight's Hill out of Utrecht. I saw an ox actually inspanned, disappear bodily, except for its head, into a mud-hole in the middle of the road. … A concentration camp was started at Utrecht, under the supervision of Major Graham, but many of the duties in connexion with it devolved upon me.10 The wisdom of the policy which dictated the burning of farmhouses, and the establishment of concentration camps may be doubted, and I am inclined to think that the war would have ended sooner had this not been done. As regards their administration, however, I say most emphatically, that the officers in charge did all in their power for the comfort and welfare of the inmates. Save, perhaps, in a few very isolated cases they carried out the work allotted to them in a sympathetic and humane manner. In May I received orders to hand over the U.M. Police to Major Marshall of the Natal Police, and to report at Heidelberg, where the headquarters of (C) Eastern Division of the South African Constabulary was established. Source: Godley, RS: Khaki and Blue, Lovat Dickson & Thompson, London, 1935.

10

This is a new fact – that UMP was involved in the Concentration Camps.

32


Medaljes: Anglo-Boere Oorlog Gedurende 1920 het die Unie Regering die ‘n dekorasie, lint en medalje ingestel en Boere offisiere, burgers en Zarp’s het daarvoor kwalifiseer: Dekoratie voor Trouwe Dienst (DTD) [Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek en Oranje Vrijstaat (1899 – 1902)] Offisiere (ook Zarp’s) wat aan die Boere se kant geveg het, het ook vir die Dekorasie vir Trouediens (DTD) jare na die oorlog gekwalifiseer. 600 Offisiere en 1 burger van die Transvaal het hiervoor kwalifiseer. Hierdie DTD het voorrang geniet bo die Britse DSO. Vir Transvalers en Vrystaters was die medalje dieselde maar “… was worn with the ZAR arms uppermost by Transvalers, and with the OVS arms showing by Free Staters” Lint voor Wonden (Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek en Oranje Vrijstaat (1899 – 1902) ’n Lint 30 mm sonder ’n medalje maar wel met ’n sertifikaat is aan gewondes uitgereik. Vir Transvalers is die oranje van die lint in inwaarts gedra en vir Vrystaters is die blou-kant inwaarts gedra [95]. Oorlogsmedalje van die Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek en Oranje Vrijstaat (1899 – 1902): Hierdie oorlogsmedalje is in 1920 ingestel vir burgers wat aan die einde van die oorlog nog ter velde, of gewond, of Krygsgevangene geneem is. Die medalje met die ZAR landswapen aan die eenkant en die OVS landswapen aan die ander kant is dan gedra met die burger se toepaslike landswapen na voor. Vir die Vrystaat word die lint gedra met die oranje raan die regterkant. (100) Bronne: Alexander, EGM Cmdt; Barron, GKB Cmdt; Bateman, AJ Cmdr: South African Orders, Decorations and Medals, Human & Rousseau, ISBN 0 7981 1895 4. Cape Town, 1986. Fforde, JPI & Monick, S: A Guide to South African Orders, Decorations and Medals and their Ribbons, SA National Museum of Military History, Johannesburg, 1986. Staatskoerant 1111 gedateer 24 Desember 1920 – Kennisgewing nr 2307.

Police Medals and the Red Revolt on the Rand My DEAR COLONEL TRUTER, You will I hope pardon me writing you this letter, but I feel so very strongly on the matter that I feel I would be failing in my duty and loyalty to the officers, noncommissioned officers and men who served under me early last year if I did not do so. You will also I hope know that no personal motive induces me to write. 33


Two Honours Lists have now been published since the revolution of last year, and in neither of them has a single member of the regular police force of this country been memtioned, a fact which is causing a great deal of comment amongst the public and the members of the force themselves. The officers, N.C.O.s and men feel very strongly that the work they did is quite sufficient to merit the Government as a whole giving substantial and public recognition to some members of the force, as would undoubtedly have been done in other Dominions or in England, had their police force been called upon to deal with a situation similar to that on the Rand early last year. That we all have your personal thanks and commendation is well known and highly appreciated by all ranks, but at the same time the fact remains that no single member of the force who performed really good work far above the average has been rewarded by the Government, even by the bestowal of a Police Medal. The work performed by Majors --, --, Captains --, --, and other officers, also Head Constable --, and other N.C.O.s and men, whose names I brought to your notice, is well known to you, and surely the bestowal of a few Police Medals to them, if nothing more, could not harm the Government, and would most certainly give great satisfaction in the force, and meet with general public approval. You I know are aware of and realize the outstanding work which these officers, N.C.O.s and men performed, their ceaseless energy, never sparing themselves night or day for weeks on end, constantly endangering their lives, and by their [ 237] devotion to duty and example, encouraging all those who were serving with and under them to keep going during all those weary anxious weeks of responsibility and very real danger to the country. As their immediate commanding officer, the officers, N.C.O.s and men naturally look to me to see that their services are recognized where I think them deserving, and I feel it very deeply that the Government have ignored in toto the recommendations I made to you, and which I believe you passed on to the Minister of Justice. If you think fit, I should be glad if Mr. de Wet11 and General Smuts could see this letter.

11

A former Minister of Justice. (Not General CR de Wet.)

34


Hoping you are having a real rest and good holiday, and with all good wishes to yourself and Mrs. Truter for the New Year. Yours very sincerely, (Signed) RICHARD S. GODLEY12

Comments by Lieut-Col RS Godley This had no result, but in 1924 Colonel Truter was awarded the K.B.E., whilst Major Trigger, Lieut. Loftus and myself, together with other officers and a Head Constable13, were awarded the King's Police Medal. Many others who deserved them equally as much, and in some cases more, and whose names were put up for recognition, never received any. It was also officially indicated that these honours had no connexion whatever with the revolution.

Mnr Dave Steward van die FW de Klerk-stigting Alhoewel ‘n mens kan verstaan dat sommige SAP-lede voel dat hulle in die steek gelaat is, moet die volgende in gedagte gehou word: • Mnr De Klerk het altyd die grootste waardering uitgespreek vir die onmisbare en onselfsugtige bydra wat die veiligheidsmagte tydens in die tydperk voor 1994 gemaak het. In sy toespraak van 2 Februarie vanjaar het hy die volgende oor die rol van die veiligheidsmagte gesê: “Secondly, it would have been very difficult for us to initiate successful constitutional negotiations in South Africa If we had not been able to hold the line along the Namibian/Angolan border in the period after 1975. Our negotiating prospects would have been severely weakened if Cuban forces had not withdrawn from Angola and if Soviet-backed SWAPO forces had been permitted to achieve a military victory in Namibia. “It would have been equally impossible for us to initiate successful negotiations had we not been able to restore order after the unrest of the mid 80s.

Godley Alfred Ernest Trigger MBE; William Christopher Loftus, Richard Shearman Godley OBE and No 232 Head Constable Layton Herbert Burgess – King, SAP Gallantry Awards, 2000: 44

12 13

35


“The late Chris Louw was wrong: the sacrifices of the security forces were not in vain.” • Hy het ook oorhoofse verantwoordelikheid aanvaar vir sy tydperk van leierskap en het, tesame met die Kabinet en SVR kollektiewe, verantwoordelikheid aanvaar vir al die besluite wat hulle geneem het en die opdragte wat hulle uitgereik het asook vir enige redelike vertolking van sodanige besluite en opdragte. Hy het egter nie verantwoordelikheid aanvaar vir ongemagtigde optredes wat soms direk teen die beleid en opdragte van die regering uitgevoer is nie. • Wat amnestie betref glo hy dat almal die ondubbelsinnige opdrag in die tweede-laaste paragraaf van die oorgangsgrondwet moes aanvaar het, naamlik dat: “amnesty shall be granted in respect of acts, omissions and offences associated with political objectives and committed in the course of the conflicts of the past” Ongelukkig, het die ANC hierdie duidelike opdrag afgewater en verdraai in die bepalings van die Waarheids- en Versoeningskommissie Wetgewing. • Soos genl Van der Merwe sal kan getuig het mnr De Klerk sedertdien voor- en agter die skerms gewerk om die onbillike vervolging van oud VM-lede teen te staan en is nog altyd bereid om alles in sy vermoë te doen om te verseker dat almal billik behandel moet word.

Humour in Unif orm: Australia Col Andre Kritzinger (SAAF – Ret) from Cape Town sent in the following: Recently, SAPOL14 ran an e-mail forum (a question and answer exchange) with the topic being "Community Policing." One of the civilian email participants posed the following question; "I would like to know how it is possible for police officers to continually harass people and get away with it?" From the "other side" (the law enforcement side) Sgt. Kym Webb of Mount Barker police, (a cop with a sense of humour) replied:

14

South Australia Police

36


"First of all, let me tell you this...it's not easy. In the Adelaide Hills we average one cop for every 600 people. Only about 60% of those cops are on general duty (or what you might refer to as "general patrols") where we do most of our harassing. The rest are in non-harassing departments that do not allow them contact with the day to day innocents. At any given moment, only one-fifth of the 60% general patrols are on duty and available for harassing people while the rest are off duty. So roughly, one cop is responsible for harassing about 5,000 residents. When you toss in the commercial business, and tourist locations that attract people from other areas, sometimes you have a situation where a single cop is responsible for harassing 10,000 or more people a day. Now, your average eight -hour shift runs 28,800 seconds long. This gives a cop one second to harass a person, and then only three-fourths of a second to drink a Farmer's Union Iced Coffee AND then find a new person to harass. This is not an easy task. To be honest, most cops are not up to this challenge day in and day out. It is just too tiring. What we do is utilize some tools to help us narrow down those people which we can realistically harass. The tools available to us are as follows: PHONE: People will call us up and point out things that cause us to focus on a person for special harassment. "My neighbour is beating his wife" is a code phrase used often. This means we'll come out and give somebody some special harassment. Another popular one is, "There's a guy breaking into a house." The harassment team is then put into action. CARS: We have special cops assigned to harass people who drive. They like to harass the drivers of fast cars, cars with no insurance or no driver's licences and the like. It's lots of fun when you pick them out of traffic for nothing more obvious than running a red light. Sometimes you get to really heap the harassment on when you find they have drugs in the car, they are drunk, or have an outstanding FINES warrant on file. RUNNERS: Some people take off running just at the sight of a police officer. Nothing is quite as satisfying as running after them like a beagle on the scent of a bunny. When you catch them you can harass them for hours. LAWS: When we don't have PHONES or CARS and have nothing better to do, there are actually books that give us ideas for reasons to harass folks. They are called "Statutes" . These include the Criminal Law Consolidation Act, Summary Offences Act, Road Traffic Act and a whole bunch of others ... They all spell out all sorts of things for which you can really mess with people. After you read the law, you can

37


just drive around for a while until you find someone violating one of these listed offenses and harass them. Just last week I saw a guy trying to steal a car. Well, there's this book we have that says that's not allowed. That meant I got permission to harass this guy. It is a really cool system that we have set up, and it works pretty well. We seem to have a neverending supply of folks to harass. And we get away with it. Why? Because for the good citizens who pay the tab, we try to keep the streets safe for them, and they pay us to "harass" some people. Next time you are in the Hills, give me the old "single finger wave." That's another one of those codes. It means, "You can harass me" - Its one of our favourites."

Versugting: Hoeveel stukkende oudpolisiemanne? Oom Hennie, ek is nie 'n digter nie, dit het so uit die hart gekom. Dit is maar hoe ek voel. My eie Mammie is basies dood agv dit wat sy moes deurmaak tydens my en my Pa se loobane in die Polisie. My groot mentor in die Polisie, het homself dood gedrink. My eie teleurstelling: Ek was nooit 'n enkele sent uitbetaal toe ek medies afgegaan het nie. My nefie Brian; sy been is deur 'n skollie in Hanoverpark afgeskiet. Brian is ook in dieselfde bootjie. Ek weet van heelwat oud-kollegas wat werklik stukkend is en daar buite lê. Verfyn die gedig, as u dit sou wou plaas, dit sal vir my 'n eer wees. LW! Ek is en sal nooit vebitterd wees nie, ek was 'n trotse lid, wat gelukkig die Here gevind het, anders sou ek dalk êrens langs 'n vuillis drom dronk gelê het. Ek sal Sy Naam vir ewig prys ......! Sy kosbare genade en liefde is vir my genoeg! Hennie Groenewald – Kaapstad.

Hoeveel ....?

Hoeveel stukkende oud-polisiemanne is daar buite....? Geen hulp van nêrens ...! Geen sosiale lewe as gevolg van die verlede. Met alle mag gedien en beskerm, alles het verander in 'n snagse gekerm. Drogbeelde van oproeriges, gewondes, lyke van alle soort, geweerskote, mortiere, traangaas, rasende jillende swetsende beledigende skares, gewonde kollegas. 38


Moeders en vroue wat moed op gegee het, nie met hierdie intense pyn kon saamleef nie. Hoevele het al gesterf en wag nog om te sterf aan hierdie kanker? Sommige het eie hand maar aan hul lewe geslaan, party hulself letterlik dood gesuip. Wie gee om ...?! Hoevele van die lewende lyke loop nog buite rond. Sou die maklike uitweg nie die antwoord gewees het nie..? Here help ons ....! Help en beskerm asseblief die wat vandag in ons plekke moet beskerm en dien.

Kommentaar: Wie is soos ons? Baie min! Die probleem is baie van ons ‘ou’ polisiemanne het vasgebyt en DIE HEELTYD BINNEKANT TOE GEKYK – BINNE NA DIE MAG TOE! DIE MAG SE BELANGE VOOROPGESTEL. Diegene wat die pad byster geraak het, wat nie die “pyne” kon vat nie – waar is hulle? Ons hoor skokkende stories oor die toestand van ons oudlede... ‘n Man wat vir ‘n paar jaar ‘n polisieman was, skakel een aand en hy vertel my sy storie: “Hy het seergekry op die grens, was ‘n paar jaar in die Mag. Nou in die aanskyn van sy lewe kom die pyne en hy moet met ‘n karige inkomste van staatshospitale gebruik maak.” Hoe gaan my hart nie uit na daardie man nie! Inteenstelling, ‘n kennis is ‘n oud-kolonel in die VSA Weermag. As Vietnamveteraan kry hy gratis mediese voordele omdat hy vir sy land geveg het. Hy kan gratis op enige US Air Force-vliegtuig wêreldwyd vlieg en steeds by die militêre winkels koop. Hierdie toestand is niks nuuts nie! Mens lees in die Natal Police se Nongqai (voor 1913) dat oulede van die Natal Police, baie was voormalige Britse soldate, op hul oudag doelloos deur die land boemel want hulle het geen pensioen en geen heenkome nie! Vanuit ‘n ander hoek tydens dieselfde periode kla ‘n polisieman oor die “ou” polisieperde wat gekeur en verkoop word. Die eens trotse rosse word in status na karperde verlaag. Hy doen aan die hand dat die staat ‘n plaas koop en dat ou trotse polisierosse daar in vrede gaan aftree. [In die ou dae is ons ou SA polisieperde na die Nasionale Dieretuin geneem waar hulle as leeukos hul dae afgesluit het. Majoor AJH “Koos” Kotze vertel dit was hulle onaangename taak om die perde van die kollege af daarheen te ry. ]

39


In dieselfde trant hoor ek dat daar ongeveer 70 000 Afrikaners in plakkerkampe in en om Pretoria woon. God is goed vir ons! Deur sy genade leef ons vandag! Kom ons reik na ons naaste – na daardie oudkollega en ander Afrikaners in die verknorsing. [Sien: http://www.rapport.co.za/Suid-Afrika/Nuus/Gebroke-ma-eis-R10-m-nadatman-kind-vermoor-20101016-2 ]

Humor in Uniform: SAP-Eksamens Die ou-polisiemagte het ‘n reël gehad: “Begin heel onder en bewys jouself!” Geen outomatiese kommissie nie. Om nepotisme uit te skakel is eksamens ingestel. Eksamens bly maar die regverdigste manier om polisiemense te bevorder – jy moet mos die “wet” ken! Hier is ‘n interessante stukkie oor polisie-eksamens – met die deurlees kan u sien hierdie ouens word nie maklik vasgetrek nie, veg onverbete en onverskrokke voort in ‘n poging om die ‘strepe’ op te sit!

EKSAMINVLATERS DEUR BARRY15 Kom ek noem vir u 'n paar voorbeelde geneem uit die jongste eksamen (konstabel tot sersant) en dan oordeel u self. VAK: DIE ONDERSOEK VAN MISDAAD. VRAAG: Skryf aantekening oor die versending van hare vir ontleding. ANTWOORD: (a) Die pakkie moet gaan na 'n skeikundige deskundige van hare by die WNNR. (b) Elke haar moet 'n etiket met 'n garingdraadjie aan he genommer vanaf A. (c) Indien geen hare op lyk gevind word nie, meld die feit om onnodige vertragings deur aanvrae daarvoor te verhoed. (d) Ingeval van gifmoord sny die hare kort af, want deskundiges weet hoelank gif neem om in die hare te trek en kan dus letterlik op 'n "haarbreedte" bepaal hoeveel gif toegedien was. (e) As die hare in 'n bloedplas lê moet beide verpak en weggestuur word. (f) . .. en die ontleding van die hare sal dus toon of die man dood is aan gif of ouderdom. VAK: WETTEREG. VRAAG: Noem die verskillen de buite- en binneverbruiklisensies. ANTWOORD: Binneverbruik: (a) Kaas- en wynlisensies. (b) Droë wynsoortlisensies.

15

Nongqai Augustus 1960:

40


(c) Partytjielisensies. (d) Nagmaal-, wyn- en bierlisensies. (e) Kantoordranklisensie. (f) Bottel-, wyn-, bier-, kelkie- en ‘tot’lisensie. Buiteverbruik: (a) Skeepslisensie. (b) Buitedienslisensie. (c) Meentgrondedranklisensie. (d) Tabakhandelaarsdranklisensie. (e) B u i t everbruiklisensies word ook deur party bottelstore en gelisensieerde winkels verkoop. (f) 'n Bottel, vat, kruik, wyn, bier en brandewynlisensie. VRAAG: Wat is 'n polisiebeampte se bevoegdhede ingevolge die wet op tweedehandse goed. ANTWOORD: (a) Tweedehandse goed is goed wat reeds deur die Staat gebruik was. (b) Indien dit onvermydelik is dat 'n handelaar in tweedehandse goed wel tweedehandse goed besit of verkoop.. . (c) Die deursoeking van 'n vrou mag net met mutatis mutandis geskied. (d) Geen tweedehandse winkels mag nader as 200 tree van 'n openbare pad wees nie. (e) Die polisieman het nie seggenskap of reg van inspeksie oor tweedehandse goed wat die handelaar se vrou in haar huis aanhou nie.

Police Promotion Examinations 2/Sergt S Hlengisa of Theunissen in the OFS, who succeeded in the Promotion Examination that was held during October last year. He writes: "I feel obliged to express my sincere gratitude to Sergt. Van Vuuren, Station Commander at Noupoort, for the assistance he rendered to me when I was busy studying. My sincere thanks also goes to Sergt. Steyn, Station Commander at Burgersdorp, for his untiring guidance. Sergt. Steyn wed to spend 2 hours practically every day lecturing the law volumes to me and giving whatever

41


help I needed in order to put me through the examination. As there are very few people who would take 2 hours every day in their own time, I feel unable to express my gratitude to you, Sir." 16

Comment We pay homage to those African NCO’s and Constables of the Force who in reality and in practice taught us, as white youngsters practical and functional police work and our duties at station-level. These worthy Africans knew police work! In my youth as a Constable I was a part-time student. One day the professor was giving a lecture on “adultery” and the bottom line was: during 1914 (Fitzgerald vs Green?) the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court decided adultery was no longer a criminal offence in South Africa. That night on night-duty a well clad Zulu lady came to the charge office to complain that her husband was involving himself in the act of adultery! I took great pains to explain to her that adultery was no longer an offence and I was beginning to feel very good at my knowledge of private law! My African colleague was silently clicking his tongue and I knew something somewhere was wrong somewhere! He had bent down and picked up the Natal Native Penal Code below the counter and pointed to a section proclaiming adultery as a criminal offence! Point is: At that stage he knew something the Professor of Law had omitted to tell us in the class! This is in stark contrast to my latest dealings with the local SAPS – I had to sign a document before a Commissioner of Oaths. The policeman and I both signed the document, he stamped it and waved me goodbye without attesting the oath on document! • The star denotes his rank as a 2nd Class Sergeant. • I plead that the Commissioner will one day restore the rank of the “Sergeant” by bringing the large golden chevrons back into service! A Sergeant must look and act the role!

Cape Police - John Thomas Freeman (Oom Jack) Green OOSTELIKE KAAP – Cradok: DIT is nie aldag dat 'n mens nog een van die lede van die ou Cape Police raakloop nie. Om die waarheid te sê, ek het al baie van die ou CMR gehoor, maar ek het nie eens geweet dat daar nog die Cape Police ook was nie. Kapt MG Human, het die ander dag 'n baie interessante geselsie met John Thomas Freeman (oom Jack) Green, tans bestuurder van die Cradock Klub, gehad. Oom Jack, wat nog so penregop en aktief is as wat 'n mens maar kan verlang, is op 14 Augustus 1881, in Londen gebore. Hy is in 1900, saam met vyftig ander, in Londen, vir die ou 16

Nongqai August 1960: 44.

42


Cape Police gewerf. Die rekrute het in 1900, met die Saxon in Oos-Londen vasgemeer, en is daarvandaan na die "CMR and Cape Police Depot" op King William's Town. Oom Jack vertel dat die "Second Burkshire Regiment" toentertyd ook op King William's Town gestasioneer was. Nadat hy vir drie of vier maande opgelei is, is hy as berede konstabel op King William's Town gepos. King William's Town was destyds glo distrik no. 1 en Kimberley was distrik no. 2. Op 5 November 1902, is konst. Green en twintig van sy makkers na Uitenhage verplaas. Daar moes hulle glo patrolIie ry dat dit 'n naarheid was. Oom Jack vertel dat hulle van Uitenhage so ver as Steytlerville en Klipplaat moes ry. So'n patrollie het minstens drie tot vier dae in beslag geneem. Op Uitenhage het die jonge Green meer met die Afrikaanssprekende SuidAfrikaners in aanraking gekom en dit was ook nie lank nie of hy trou met 'n volbloed Boernooi, mej. A. van Vuuren. In 1905, koop konst. Green sy ontslag en vestig hy en sy gesin hulle op Uitenhage. Daar het hulle vir vyftig jaar gewoon voordat hy na Cradock verhuis het. Oom Jack meen dat daar maar nog baie min van sy makkers lewe. Kol. Trigger17 wat later met pensioen uit die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisie getree het, het glo saam met oom Jack gedien. Oom Jack is 'n groot vriend van die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisie - HENK.18

Cape Mounted Police – Facta non Verba “Words not Deeds”

Kol EA Trigger was ‘n baanbreker-offisier – veral in die WWR en hy het opdrag gegee dat s/h/k Herbst die kommuniste moet dophou. 18 Nongqai Junie 1960: pp 44 – 45. 17

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Jan van Wyk & Johan Henn Hello Hennie 'n Skrywe ontvang van Johan Henn, ook voorheen in Namwakaland gedurende 1966-68. Ek stuur die polisiekoerant aan hom elke keer as ek dit afgelaai het. Groete. Jan van Wyk. Hallo Jan, Wat die gesondheid betref gaan dit goed behalwe dat ‘n stent net sover as 6 maande vorentoe vir my wag. Maar dit is klein dinge in vergelyking wat ons kollega Eugene de Kock moet deurmaak. Ek hoop hulle laat hom gou vry. Dit is maar soos baie van ons was, “when it comes to the push”, dan laat hulle jou in die steek. Sy soort is dun gesaai en met hom kan jy ten minste oorlog toe gaan en hy sal jou nooit in die steek laat nie. Jan onthou ek is baie gesteld op my naam soos baie op hulle rang na aftrede. Ek is vreeslik oor dissipline. Ek is Johan en nie Jan nie. Van Namakwalnd land se mense het ek nog niks weer gehoor of gesien nie behalwe Gooffy, kol Bert Hanekom, Biesa 44


Retief. Ek sien vir Pieter Scholtz gereeld en dit gaan goed met hom. Jy weet seker dat sy vrou oorlede is. Baie sterkte Jan en gaan voort met aanstuur van die koerant. Ek dink nou weer aan Namakwand en sy mense en alle stout dinge. Jy was darem ‘n goeie mens en ek hoop jy sorg so goed vir die liefde van jou lewe ook. STERKTE. Johan Henn. PLAAS DIE SKRYWE.

SAP 55 Vermiste Polisieman Daar word geskoek na die volgende “polisieman” – dit is nie duidelik of hy nog steeds in die Mag is nie. Andreas Mathios skryf: “Ons is op soek na die polisieman wat in Evander was. Hy was ‘n Griekse poliseman (in Suid-Afrika). Sy naam is Andrew Mathios (aka Murdock die Griek). Kollege: 1982 en was te Leandra and Evander gestasioneer. Wie kan help?

IPA – Pretoria – Denn Alberts Hi IPA friends- we still have tickets available or the IPA Banquet. Please assist in selling them. Contact myself or Johan vd Merwe. SAPS HQ. Regards. Denn Alberts.

45


SAP Radio Technical – John Fletcher

[Could the above ‘document’ be sent as a word-doc please, it was received as .png.] Ron Aylward has submitted the following photographs: 2/Class Detective-Sergeant RC Brown and a photograph of his house with the various antennae. Left Detective Sergeant RC Brown and below his residence in Bloemfontein.

46


Some Police Personalities Lieut-Col Sam

Capt HC ‘Harry’

Koortsen, CO

du

of

from

the

SA

Preez,

also

the

SAP

Police Garage,

Garage

Wentworth

Wentworth.

(District 75 –

Photograph

Durban South)

taken while he

– Photo credit:

was a recruit in

Capt du Preez.

the SAP College c1947.

47


Some photographs taken by Capt Harry du Preez in Rhodesia during c1973

Rhodesia is a land of beautiful African sunsets, wild life, soggy roads in the rain season, land mines. Here was the beginning of the “taming� of the landmine by the South African Police. It has been reported that an explosives expert in the SA Police, 48


Maj-Gen AP van Dyk is the man who came with the idea of the “V” shaped-hull for the Hippo and the Casspir.

Anglo-Boer War: Radio Communication Brig-Gen Deon Fourie has submitted a photograph of a wireless set used during the First World War in GSWA. He answers the question why the Boer Radio’s was not used in the British Balloon’s during the Anglo-Boer War. They were heavy and bulky!

Johan Visagè Ek onthou Willie v Aswegen baie goed. Ek het saam met hom in 1973 te Kompol x302 op 6e vloer gewerk.Sy identiese tweeling broer, Hannes het ook later jare daar gewerk. Beide reeds oorlede. Willem was een vd eerste lede wat ‘n hartomleiding ondergaan het. Hy het nog gesê 49


dat die operasie net meer as doen.

R20,000 beloop het. Het dit by HF Verwoerd hospitaal laat

Battle Honours Brig-Gen (Prof) Deon Fourie writes .../ The continuity in the armed forces after South Africa became a republic was quite remarkable. Little was changed and certainly there were no radical changes. FC Erasmus the Minister who wanted everything changed that was British, had been moved to the Ministry of Justice. His successor Jim FouchĂŠ was a very conciliatory man who preferred to let the old soldiers have the military culture and heritage they were accustomed to. The Chief of the Army, PH Grobbelaar, who became Chief of the Defence Force later, had the same approach, as did some of his successors. Let me set out some comments below if I may. 2.

Republican Changes.

The following changed on South Africa's

becoming a republic. a.

Laying up of Colours.

The very few regiments with actual

Sovereign's Colours and Regimental colours encrested with the imperial crown had to lay them up and replace them. The officer concerned with heraldry in the Defence Archives took the opportunity of making some changes to colour patterns - the field was made that of the corps (Union Jack blue for armour, Rifle Green for Infantry, etc), the laurel wreath was no longer a standard requirement after nine battle honours, the pre-1939 standard protea wreath was abandoned, and each regiment could choose its own wreath. The standard pattern for badges was no longer used and regiments had more choice in their display of badges on colours. b.

Badges and Royal Titles. Crowns were no longer permitted as crests on badges but the Durban Light Infantry was allowed to place a crown elsewhere on the badge. Royal titles were removed from names - eg, the Royal Durban Light infantry became the DLI, the Queen's Own Cape Town Highlanders became the CTH, The Duke of Edinburgh's Own Rifles became the Cape Town Rifles but wear the

50


should title 'DUKES'. The Imperial Light Horse had to become the Light Horse Regiment. c.

Colonels-in-Chief.

The C-in-Cs were retired and no new ones

were appointed since all but one were Royal personages. The system of having Honorary Colonels continues for Regular Force (PF) and Reserve Force (CF) units. d.

Battle Honours. There were no changes to battle honours. Unlike in the Indian Army, SA Army Regiments with British battle honours from the Anglo-Boer War did not have to discard 'repugnant' battles. The Commandos had begun to receive colours just before the Second World War and adopted battle honours from the past.

3.

Post-1994 Policy. Since 1994 there have been few changes as to colours.

Theatre and battle honours for the campaign in Namibia and Angola have been conferred - although I do not know of 'Cassinga' having been allowed. None of the battle honours from the Frontier Wars have been treated as being repugnant. Some two years ago or so the present Chief of the Army ordered that crowns be removed from badges where they were still to be found. 4.

Control of Battle Honours. In the Cape and Natal colours and battle

honours were sometimes adopted by some Volunteer regiments without the prior request for authority. Despite the War Office's refusal of battle honours and a service medal for the Zulu Rebellion of 1906, the Natal Colony, simply ignored the King's prerogative and adopted both. Since the colonial government were to blame for the conflict despite warnings from the Colonial Office, it is hardly is surprising that they should have felt that they had to compensate the forces (including the Transvaal soldiers since Natal could not fight alone). It has not been customary here to award battle honours for uprisings. The Namibian campaign was the only exception, again for patently obvious reasons - much the same as for the Indian Mutiny, I suppose. In modern times adequate regulation of the grant of colours and the award of battle honours only commenced after Union. 5.

Battle Honours Committees.

After the First World War (1914-18)

were steps taken to institute the proper regulation of the award of colours in South Africa. The Union Defence Forces followed the battle honour lists developed by the British Army BH Committee. From these lists the South African authorities assessed individual unit claims to honours and allocated them to regiments. General Order 51


5997 dated 26 April 1926 contained the battle honours awarded to the Permanent Force, Active Citizen Force and various War Service Units raised for the War in Europe and GEA, including the artillery and the Field Ambulances. In 1927 several honours were added. Most battle honours held by South African units were gained in the two World Wars. For WW2 a South African Battle Honours Committee, was appointed in May 1956. It consisted of representatives of the three Services and an adviser from the Union War Histories Section of the Prime Minister's Office. Its task was to consider the "award of battle honours to units and ships of the Union Defence Forces which took part in the Second World War, 1939-45, and the Korean War, 1950-53". Their Report, UDFO 159/57 dated 1 November 1957, was guided by the report of the British Battles Nomenclature Committee published in 1956. It also added to and amended the British list to conform to actual South African dates and participation on the advice of the Union War Histories Section. In 1996 a new report was published after due consideration of events since 1957 so that the claims for additional battle honours could be substantiated and granted to deserving units for operations until 1988. (Instruction/HSP/D DOK/1/96) A summary of the situation in the SANDF is set out in the following sub-paragraphs. a.

SA Army. For WW1 the only battle honours awarded to units of the Union Defence Forces (Permanent Force and Active Citizen Force and Commandos) were either "SW Africa 1914-15" or "SW Africa 1915" for the campaign in German South West Africa (GSWA) (Namibia) 1914 to 1915. After the GSWA campaign the government recruited 'War Service Units' (WSU) consisting of volunteers to serve in Europe and German East Africa (Tanzania). UDF General Order 672 of 1915 stated that "The South African Overseas Expeditionary Force will be Imperial and have the status of regular British Troops". 'Will be Imperial' and ' the status of regular British Troops' can mean only that they were units of the British Army. The distinction between the British Army and the dominion and colonial forces is clear from a variety of Acts, Royal Warrants, and other documents administering the British and dominion and colonial military forces. To be designated 'Imperial' and to 'have the status of regular British Troops' was accordingly, a distinct indication that the SA Overseas Expeditionary Force was not composed of the units of the Union Defence Forces. This measure was necessary because under Section 1 of the SA Defence Act,1912, citizens were only liable "to render in time of war personal service in defence of the Union in any part of South Africa whether within or outside the Union". This was interpreted as forbidding the service of conscripts outside the borders of South Africa including the Union. They shared 52


characteristics with the battalions especially established in 1914 by the Secretary of State for War, Lord Kitchener, in 1914, to supplement the relatively small professional British Army. (Army Order No. 324, issued on 21 August 1914, which authorised the formation of the six new Divisions). The 1st SA Infantry Brigade was a Brigade of the one of the special 'Kitchener' divisions, the 9th (Scottish) Division. They existed only for the period of the War. There were mounted regiments, infantry battalions, a motorcycle battalion, field artillery batteries, heavy artillery batteries, and Scout (reconnaissance) units, the Native Labour Corps, the Coloured Labour Corps, the auxiliary horse transport companies, and medical, communication and other support units. Claims that some UDF units are entitled to the battle honours earned by the WSUs, are defective. Quite clearly, the battle honours were earned by the WSUs, not by any South African PF or ACF units, since they were never in France nor in East Africa. They were awarded to the WSUs and appear on official colours awarded in 1926 by the South African government. The colours were presented to representatives of the units and were laid up. To distribute their battle honours to UDF units would have been dishonest. In 1964 a unit called the SA Cape Corps was established in the SADF. For obscure probably political reasons it was given the honours of the Cape Corps WSU. The SACC was disbanded in 1991 and the Colour was laid up Army battle honours range from the 19 century through the two World Wars to campaign on the Namibian–Angolan frontier that ended in 1988. Although without colours the SAA were granted battle honours. b.

SA Air Force. The SA Aviation Corps, formed as a unit of the ACF in 1913, flew in the campaign in German South-West Africa (now Namibia) in 1914 and 1915. It earned the battle Honour SWA 1914-15. Sent to Europe, its members were absorbed into 26 South Africa Squadron, Royal Flying Corps (later Royal Air Force)for

service

in

Europe and also in German East Africa. The SA Air Force was only established in 1920 and could not recognise the SAAC as its ancestor although among its early members were former members of the SAAC. Thus, no battle honours were allocated to the SA Air Force until after the Second

World War.Then the Battle Honours Committee allocated

a list of theatres and battles to be honoured up to that date ranging from Madagascar to Warsaw. The SAAF has honours up to 1988. c.

SA Navy. Although there were Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve units in South Africa in the 19th century, and many South Africans served in 53


the Royal navy in WW1, there was no Navy until the SA Naval Service was established on 1 April 1922. Thus, no battle honours were allocated to the SA Navy until after the

Second World War. Then

the Battle Honours Committee allocated a list of campaigns

and

battles to be honoured up to that date. The SA Navy has battle honours up to 1987. d.

SAMHS. Although the SAMHS has existed as a separate service only since 1979 and as a non-combatant cannot be awarded colours, it is entitled to battle honours up to 1989.

e.

Police. The SA Police had a colour until 1994, having been employed in military roles in WW1 and WW2 and in Namibia and Rhodesia (Zimbabwe). To emphasise their civilian character, however, the colour was laid up in 1994. The colour bore battle honours for their services as soldiers, eg, in WW1 when they earned South-West Africa 1914-15 and strangely German East Africa 1916-18 and in WW2, when in the Western Desert Campaign, against Germany and Italy, in Libya and Egypt (1941-1943) the Police Brigade earned honours such as Bardia, Halfayah, Tobruk and Sollum. The SAPS still has a flag, flown with the National Flag at police stations and headquarters. It is not a colour. It is respected as is any SANDF flag. It was registered at the Bureau of Heraldry on 17 Oct 1997.

6.

References. a.

Acts, Regulations and Instructions. i. Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, Section 5 and Schedule 1. ii. Defence Act, 2002 (Act No. 42 of 2002), Chapter12. iii. The Heraldry Act, 1962 (Act No. 18 of 1962) as Amended. iv. “Flag Instructions Regarding the Flying of the National Flag of the Republic�, Presidency, Republic of South Africa, Government Notice No. 510 of 5 June 2001, Government Gazette, No. 22356 of 8 June 2001. v. Department of Defence Instruction No. 9/1999, (Policy on Gifts, Hospitality, Donations, Rewards, Sponsorship, Commissions and other Benefits).

54


vi. General Regulations for the Regular Force and the Reserves. Regulations, 20. Flags of the Arms of the Force, 21. Colours and Battle Honours, 22. Procedure for Applying and Conferring of Honours, 23. Replacement and Repair of Colours. vii. Battle Honours and Theatre Honours for the SANDF, Instruction/CSP/D DOK D/1/1996 dated 9 MAY 1996, PERS DIV/D DOC D/B/521/3/7/1/2. viii. SADF General Order 99/77 dated 17 January 1977. iix. Army Council Instruction, ACI 444 of 21 July 1919. ix. Ceremonial Manual, SANDF, 1997. b.

Publications. i. Brownell, H. "Flags and the Law in South Africa" in Flags in South Africa and the World edited by Peter Martinez, SA Vexillological Association, Pinegowrie, 1999, pp.28-36. ii. Fourie, D. "Regimental Colours in South Africa 1652-1994” in Flags in South Africa and the World edited by Peter Martinez, SA Vexillological Association, Pinegowrie, 1999, pp.50-75. iii. Rodger, Alexander Battle Honours of the British Empire and Commonwealth Land Forces 1662–1991, Crowood Press, Ramsbury, 2003. iv. Smith, Hugh H "South African Military Colours: 1664 to 26 May 1994", published in two Volumes in SA Vexillological Association Journal, 7/98, 31 December 1998 and 8/99, 31 December 1999.

Thank you Brig-Gen Fourie. In the next issue we will place a report from the SAPS Museum on the matter.

“The Pensioner” Major Piet “Walk Tall” van Zyl - Uganda This poem was forwarded to me and it seems too good not to pass on - it was printed in the Times of Swaziland in 1943:

The pensioner Have you scented the acacia, lemon gum, mimosa bloom,

Overlooked the mist filled valleys from the wild and rugged hills Travelled down the Ntondosi with its many rippling rills?

Seen the blossom of the wild plum or the crimson coral-bloom; 55


Have you ridden through the bushveld ere its sun has topped the rise,

Dodged the thick smoke of veld fire as it swept the sun dried land?

Heard the song of various wildbirds seen its blue and cloudless skies;

Unless you’ve lain out in the moonlight with high moon over all,

Have you jogged along the old track till you found a wayside spring,

Just your saddle for a pillow then you’ve never lived at all.

Had the billy boiled in no time, and felt fit for anything?

Have you seen the coloured lilies white yellow, crimson too,

Have you seen the troops of wild buck, hear the cluttering guinea-fowl

Its various kinds of daisies and agapanthus blue;

Shrill cry of the Go-away bird, or the tee-wit of the owl. Smelt the woodfire mixed with cow dung where you pitched you camp at night, Listen to the wild dogs howling on Ingwavuma’s height? Have you fished the rush lined rivers or tried the Hippo pool, Driven through a swarm of locusts as you journeyed to your goal. The native mother hoeing, her child upon her back; Seen the whip-lash of the Mamba, as he sped across the track?

The tree fern on the hillsides, wild flowers of every hue, Its cabbage tree, and date palm will all come back to you When you’ve handed in your saddle, have no uniform of horse, Ne’er forgot the use of rifle and finished with the Force. And you draw a meagre pension, lay day dreaming on the sand, You’ll oft recall the happy days you spent in Swaziland. Anon. Times of Swaziland 16th September 1943.

Have you crossed the Great Usutu, or Mkonto’s shifting sand, • Thank you Major van Zyl – A lovely poem about the Royal Swaziland Police. 56


THE CAPTURE OF GENERAL DE WET: THE MOTOR CAR AT WAR IN SOUTH AFRICA: 1914 – William Endley Archibald Frank Thomson was 31 years old when he attested in the South African Service Corps Mechanical Transport and he was destined for service in the former Nyasaland. He listed his trade as a driver/mechanic and was single at the time. His next of kin was his mother and his place of record was in Cape Town. As a veteran of the Anglo-Boer War, Thompson had served in Driscoll’s Scouts and the Second Railway Pioneer Regiment. He was awarded the Queen’s South Africa medal with 5 clasps: Cape Colony; Orange Free State; Transvaal; South Africa 1901 and South Africa 1902. The Scouts participated in the guerilla war and became a five squadron strong force before being disbanded. Driscoll’s Scouts were raised in Aliwal North in March 1900 as a body of scouts. They served with the Colonial Division. Their founder and commander was Captain Dan Driscoll, an Irish Protestant who had paid his own way to South Africa. The Railway Pioneer Regiment was established to protect and repair railways, bridges, culverts and lines that had been damaged. It was commanded by Major J.E. Capper from the Royal Engineers and was used mainly on the Cape Town to Pretoria railway line and route. The regiment was also used on armored trains and did very good work during the guerilla phase of the Anglo-Boer War. Thompson was a trumpeter in his Regiment. After the Anglo Boer War had ended in 1902, the first motor car in Johannesburg was registered in 1904, the first American imports arrived in 1906, and the first motor show was held in 1908. The Transvaal Automobile Club was formed in 1903, just 17 years after the founding of Johannesburg itself, to foster what was then called “automobilism”. The club’s motoring activities included the compilation of road maps, organizing hill climbs and campaigning against the prevailing speed limit of ten miles an hour within a radius of two miles of the Rissik Street post office in the center of Johannesburg. The 1914 Rebellion occurred in South Africa in 1914 at the start of the First World War. in which men who supported the recreation of the former Boer Republics rose up against the government of the Union of South Africa. Many members of the government were themselves former Boers who had fought with the rebels against the British in the Anglo Boer, which had ended twelve years earlier. The rebellion failed, and the ringleaders received heavy fines and terms of imprisonment. One of the main leaders was General Christiaan De Wet who was a very well known guerilla leader in the war. Some major engagements occurred during the rebellion 57


and the official history states that 132 members of the government forces were killed and 242 wounded. Rebel losses were put at 190 killed and between 300 and 350 wounded. The No 2 Special Motor Car Contingent had been organized by the Transvaal Automobile Club. Thomson enrolled in the contingent on the 6th of November 1914 as a driver. He was discharged on 17 January 1915, his unit having fulfilled and completed its important role in combating the 1914 rebellion within the Union of South Africa. The motor contingent was active in the rounding up of General Christian De Wet and his followers. By persistent and determined travelling the motor transport corps was able to “capture” De Wet and his men.

TRANSVAAL AUTOMOBILE CLUB BADGE The cars or automobiles became an example of mobility combined with firepower. The 110 vehicles were supplied by the Transvaal Automobile Club and cars hired from D.H. Saker and Company of Johannesburg. The contingent, which included one motor-borne machine gun section complete with 16 Rexer light machine guns, was divided into two sections under the command of Captains Bullock (photo below) and Saker. Although Bullock and Saker harbored intense but petty personal jealousies for each other, the contribution of the two motorized commandos was significant. Cecil Nurcombe, who served with one of these motorized machine-gun detachments, wrote that the conversion of these cars into light armored units allowed government forces to outmaneuver mounted rebel commandos, even in some of the most difficult terrain. The commemorative history of the rebellion that was published by the Transvaal Leader in 1915 also noted the contributions made by the motorcar fleet ‘which harassed the rebels day and night, and which surprised all with its effectiveness over rough country’.’’ The contingent chased de Wet who was aiming to break through into German South West Africa via Henning’s Vlei in the Vryburg district to link up with the rebel Maritz. De Wet surrendered to Colonel Jordaan after the grueling cross country chase. General 58


De Wet credited the motor cars for his capture. He also informed his captors that he had not expected the cars to be able to transverse the very arid area in which he had been pursued and captured. He had been able to only rest and remove the saddles from his horses once for a few minutes in 50 miles!

Colonel Jordaan

A CONTEMPORARY NEWSPAPER ARTICLE A 1914/15 star was not awarded to members of the Motor Car contingent as the events of the 1914 Rebellion took place within the borders of the Union of South Africa and were regarded as being an internal South African issue by the Imperial Authorities.

THOMPSON’S MEDALS AND SERVICE CARD FOR SERVICE IN THE REBELLION CONFIRMING HIS RARE UNIT After the Rebellion Thomson re-attested with the S.A. Service Corps Mechanical Transport for service in Nyasaland from 1 March 1916 and he was promoted to Driver Sergeant, Staff Sergeant, Company Sergeant Major and then 2nd Lieutenant. He returned to the Union on 1 October 1917 on account of ill health which was common to the German East African Campaign during the First World War.

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THOMPSON’S MEDAL GROUP: QUEEN’S SOUTH AFRICA MEDAL, BRITISH WAR MEDAL 1914-20, BRITISH VICTORY MEDAL

• Thank you, William. I am busy with the research into the role of the South African Police during the 1914 – Rebellion and this fits in nicely. Yes, it was the motor vehicles which allowed the Security Forces to apprehend General CR de Wet. Some good descriptions of the motorised chase are available.

Conclusion- General De Wet in Court – HBH 1915 - General CR de Wet, Anglo-Boer War hero at Court climbing in the back of a police van – then called a Black Maria. He was charged after the Rebellion and found guilty and sentenced to 6 years imp and a fine of £2 000. He only served a year of his sentence. He died during 1922 and lies buried in Bloemfontein at the Vrouemonument.

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THE FIRST USE OF AMATEUR RADIO EQUIPMENT IN THE SA POLICE. During the early 1930’s a robbery was committed in Bloemfontein.

The robbers

made their get-a-way in a V8 motorcar with a TJ registration, in the direction of Johannesburg. A policeman, Det-Sgt. R. C. Brown, of the Local Fingerprint Office, in Bloemfontein, who was a radio amateur, made contact with another radio amateur in Johannesburg, informing him of the robbery, and requesting him to contact the local police and to inform them about the robbery, and the fact that the robbers were on their way to Johannesburg driving such-and-such a vehicle. In those days it used to be quite an efford to prosess a telephone call from the one hand operated telephone exchange through the next etc. untill you could eventually to talk to somebody in Johannesburg from Bloemfontein, and the delay from its inception till contact was established used to be something awful. For example, to establish a call from Johannesburg to Durban use to take the best part of about eight hours. The amateur in Johannesburg phoned ‘Marshall Square’ , (Police Headquarters), but was sent from pillar to post before he managed to talk to an officer willing to listen to his unbelievable story.

The reason for this this can only be ascribed to the fact

that it was unheard of that anybody in Johannesburg could have been alerted to a robbery that occured 20 minutes before in Bloemfontein! None the less, a roadblock was held and the robbers were stopped and apprehended without any further ado. At the interrogation that followed the robbers were completely bowled over by the very incidence of their arrest as they could not understand how the police could possibly have known about their offence at such short notice. The police showed a lot of interest in this new technology after this successful event, and Sgt. Brown was appointed to assist with an investigation into the possibility of using radios in the South African Police! Not long after this SA Philips donated a transmitter an eight mobile receivers to the Police. Somehow Sgt Brown heard about the donation and rushed off to Johannesburg, and while he was inspecting one of the radios, the Divisional Commisioner happened by, and he appointed Sgt Brown with immediate effect as Station Commander of the first imminently to be established SAP Radio Station. John Fletcher 61


ESTABLISHING AN INTEGRATED TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK I had the opportunity to take over from Brig DE Pretorius on a committee named Ryger, that was tasked with the Integration of all telecommunication used by our various Forces and public enteprises, including the Army, Air Force, Navy and the SA Police The chair on this committee was Commodore Andre Burgers of the Navy. The chosen technology for this integrated telecommunication system was named TETRA, which was so well designed that it afforded all interested parties the opportunity to share a single system in full privacy of operation, with multiple sympathetic backups to avoid down-time or cross-talk. The cost involved would have been prohibitive, but that could have been motivated, but there was no consenses on the area of coverage required by the individual participants. The Air Force were only interested in covering their own bases and airports; the Navy wanted to cover Simonstown and their other bases; so did the Army – whereas the SA Police wanted to cover every square millimetre of the planet. It is obvious that the rivalry and irreconcilable conflict of interests between the various parties would certainly have erupted in a massive confrontation when it came down to paying the bills. Although project Ryger would have functioned on almost the same priciples as our present-day Cellphone Systems, ignorance and differences in perceptions killed it before it could get off the ground. Yet it could have survived with proper counseling and prior, large scale, informative communication. Knowledge of technology creates its own perceptions of application and requirements within any system, aspecially when the particular ministries are in the know, and that is where a group conference and visual demonstration comes into its own. During the timeframe discussed, the technology was not quite ready for an integrated digital system that afforded the various branches and user groups privacy while being able to intergrate during times when everybody had to be involved, save that spare capacity should be available for normal domestic functionality. TETRA was the next step and a start was made in Gauteng only four years after I left the SAPS, although Willem Sohnge and I did attempt to motivate through a carefully prepared presentation, to the Commissioner and some of his advisors in 1997/8 that TETRA was the technology, and that all of Gauteng could be served by a single network from a single control room. Technology at that stage allowed for vehicle tracking and mapping for effective management. Also, during this time, some Heath Robinson computer system was being trialled in cars at Radio Control (Flying Squad) Pretoria. Again, all of this would have been ideally served through a TETRA system. The cost was the next hurdle. During the 1997/1998 presentations, the cost of a TETRA system in Gauteng including a centralised Control room designed around very successful facilities as viewed in the USA, Japan, Scandinavia and France, would have been around R 450million. The budget allocated to Radio Technical services for that year was R 37million for all the maintenance and upgrades for the whole of SA’s Police networks. Sela. Regards, Leon Marryatt (Translated by Ron Aylward – Thank You - Ron!)

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Hengel Rubriek Die 'Mobile Unit' was gesetel te Umtata, in die destydse Transkei. Maj Jackson19 was in bevel, ondersteun deur manne soos oom Tom Smit, Piet 'Kantien', sers Nolan, Willem Momberg20 en nog vele meer. Hulle was blykbaar getaak om orde te handhaafin die hele Transkei gebied vanaf die Keirivier in die Suide tot aan die suidpunt van Natal. Ek was gestasioneer te Umtata Radio Tegniese Tak, wat getaak was om dieselfde gebied te bedien van radio-kommunikasie en onderhoud van alle toerusting in gebruik. My takbevelvoerder op daardie stadium, sersant Jan Oosthuizen, was versoek deur "Baas Jack", soos die majoor bekend gestaan het onder sy manskappe, om 'n bekwame lid van sy stasie saam te stuur met die eenheid op 'n kuspatrollie, al met die onherbergsame wilde kus van die Transkei. Daar sou plek-plek kamp opgeslaan word op die uitgewerkte roete, en die reis sou ongeveer 'n week duur. Toe ek by sers. Oosie hoor van die eskapade het ek dadelik ge-'volunteer': "Ek gat sjam". Sersant het gelag en gesê hy 'gat ok sjam'. So het ons die nodige 'spares' en instrumente versigtig gepak, persoonlike voorrade aangevul, hengelgereedskap gereed gekry en 'n 'kit bag' gepak met klere, seep, skeergoed en handdoeke, ens.. Ons was immers goed gekonfyt met 'uitslaap' by klein stasies waar daar geen alternatiewe akkommodasie beskikbaar was nie, en ons het nooit by sb's of ander lede oorgebly tensy dit absoluut nie anders kon nie - soos wanneer dit gesneeu het in die Kokstad of Matatiële omgewing! Ons het ook ons voertuig se radiotoerusting goed nagegaan. Dit het al so gebeur dat ons, as die nood druk, ons voertuig se radio omgeruil het met 'n nie-werkende stel, en dan laasgenoemde op ons tyd herstel en gebruik totdat die geleentheid daar was om dit terug te ruil. Die kliënt kom eerste. Dou voor dag die volgende oggend is die warmflesse vol koffie gemaak en het ons so in 'n konfooi vertrek. Sersant Oosie het 'n dik woltrui met 'n rolkraag aangehad en het behoorlik sy kop in sy 'dop' ingetrek voordat hy so 'n snorkgeluidjie geuiter het. "What a bloody cheek!", het ek gedink, hom nog so 'n halfuurtjie gegun en toe net so vinnig op die rem getik. Hy het pen-regop geskrik en toe ek sê: "En nou?", het hy net geglimlag en gesê: "Ja, OK, Vuil-uil". Ons eerste kamp was by die versteende woud, by die see oos van Bizana en suid van Port Edward.

19 20

Later DK Durban-Sentraal en hengelmaat van res-sers Eddie Dorington van King’s Rest. Later saam met genl AJ Wandrag by die Tin-HK.

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'n Paar manne het gaan dryfhout langs die kus versamel - vir die aand se vure terwyl die res tente opgeslaan het, en die kok en sy helpers het die kombuis aan die gang gekry. Ek en Sers. Oosie het by die kombuis gaan help, en toe het ek afgestap na die strand met my visstok. Ek het 'n paar mossels en 'n paar mosselwurms van die lae rotse versamel, en my langs 'n taamlike plat rots tuisgemaak. Met mosselwurm aan my hoek was ek verseker van 'n byt of twee. Ek het toe net so 'n klein entjie ingegooi met 'n ligte rol-sinker, en toe ek gaan sit toe vat 'n ou vissie daar voor. Dit was toe 'n klein steenbras. Ek het toe nog 'n paar klein vissies gevang vir aas vir later daardie aand, maar het tog een opgesny - net so om die 'water te toets'. Die water het toe heel goed getoets, en het ek 'n paar mooi elwe (Shad) uitgetrek. Teen daardie tyd het 'n hele paar van die manne by my aangesluit, en my aas vir later die aand is toe maar gedeel om nog elwe vir ontbyt te vang, terwyl daar ook nog van die kleiner elwe opgesny is vir aas. Toe iemand meld dat ons die volgende oggend kreef kan uithaal vir aas en vir eet, wou almal net weet waar en hoe. Toe hulle hoor dat daar oral in daardie omgewing kreef onder die rotse is, was dit soos jy sal se mes toe staan ‘n hele klomp manne daar agterstewes en voete in die lug soos hulle onder die rotse kreef uithaal – hopeloos te veel vir aas, maar die oorskot het mooi gewerk saam met elwe vir ontbyt! Dit was werklik 'n baie lekker kuier so met die welwillendheids werk onder die inwoners en al met die kus langs.

64


Toe ons by een punt stilgehou het om kamp op te slaan is die majoor aangesê om die volgende dag om 2nm by AHK aan te meld vir 'n vergadering. Hy het toe besluit om sommer dadelik alleen te vertrek, maar sersant Oosthuizen het daarop aangedring dat ons saam sou ry vir 'geselskap'. Ek het ons orige aas vir ons maats gelaat, en is toe daar weg saam met die majoor na Umtata, waar ons eers baie laat aangekom het. Ons was vasbeslote om ons onderbroke rit te voltooi by die eerste geleentheid. Nog hengelstories by 'n ander geleentheid. Groetnis: Ron Aylward. • [Foto Gawie Botha – Kyk op Face Book: Suid-Afikaanse Polisie – Afgetrede Lede. Dankie Gawie!]

Van Wyksrust – Stan Kantor

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• Weet iemand waar die plekkkie is? Foto geneem tydens die 1914-Rebellie.

Aandenkings SA Polisie – Chris van Ginkel Dr Chris van Ginkel het die volgende items aangekoop, ‘n 1972 SAP-skietvereniging medalje en ‘n “hoofkonstabel – majoor” vergulde petwapen, voor 1957, en kom wys:

1969 SA Polsiestasies – SA Police Stations – near Ugie

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• Ingestuur deur Frik Schutte via Ron Aylward. (Dankie vir die naaldekoker van die orde Odonata! [Middel van foto – onder]). • Blykbaar ‘n algemene verskynsel in die “ou” dae om ‘n aantal rondawels as polisiestasie te gebruik.

Terugvoer oor Polisiekoerant 18A Hallo Hennie, Dankie vir die artikel oor die Natal Mountian Police, dit was vreeslik interresant. Dit blyk dat oproer en onluste al van vêr terug kom en nog heelwat sal voorkom in die toekoms. My vrou se oorlede ouma se pa en sy broer was lede van die NMP en MP en was gestasioneer op PMB. Hy was Phillipus Hugo Theron en is in 1925 oorlede. Hy en sy broer het ook in Duits-Suid-Wes gaan veg en was blykbaar gebasis op Maltahohe. Terwyl ek in Walvisbaai was het ek eenkeer vir ouma die plek gaan wys waar haar pa was. Sy het my heelwat staaltjies vertel ... hy was blykbaar 'n moeilike man en het gehou van die vuurwater en dan het hulle as gesin deurgeloop. Sy moes ook altyd sy kamaste skoon hou. Sy het ook vertel van die lang togte wat hy uithuisig was op diens. Dit is net jammer dat 'n mens nie sulke vertellings op band opneem nie...so verloor 'n mens al die vertellings. Groete vir jou tot 'n volgende keer! Johan Jacobs. • Ek het nie “rekord” van hom nie. Enige inligting, foto’s edm oor Trooper PH Theron en sy broer sal welkom wees. 67


Willie du Plessis Dit is baie snaaks dat die Professor vrae vra soos die inval in Lesotho, asook die vertragingsmeganisme van handgranate wat verwyder is asook baie ander vrae. Die boek TROU TOT DIE DOOD TOE verduidelik tog al hierdie gebeure.

Dit

is soos ‘n verklarende woordeboek. Die

fynere

statistieke

oor moorde slaan my ook dronk, want alles is tog afgehandel of wat probeer

die

professor

bewys?

Dit

kom

ook

algemeen

voor

dat

hy

hoegenaamd geen respek vir genl. Van der Merwe het nie. Laasgenoemde is vandag nog ‘n gerespekteerde persoon wat baie vir die ou Mag beteken het en hom vandag nog beywer vir reg en regverdigheid vir die oudlede van die Mag. Ek het geen lid van die publiek of enige oudlid teëgekom wat nie vir hom respek het nie. Dit sal ook deur almal verwelkom word as kol. de Kock op parool vrygelaat word. Hy kan alles openbaar maak of sake bespreek wat op sy agenda mag wees. Die boek TROU TOT DIE DOOD TOE is bekend gestel vir meer inligting vir die breë publiek asook vir oudlede van die Mag. Die Professor moet hom eerder bemoei met probleme wat ons vandag mee bekampe het, soos kinders wat uit skole gehaal word vir tuisstudie asgevolg van sosiale omstandighede in skole wat die dissipline van die ouers ondermyn, misdaad, plaasmoorde op blanke boere wat grusaam vermoor word. Omrede

die

Polisie

grensdiens,

ons soldate. Ons was almal genl

asook

onlustebeheer

moes

doen,

was

Van der Merwe se soldate gewees.

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Genl-maj Bertus Steyn: Oud-SAP-Lede Liefdadigheidstrust JAARLIKSE SKAAPBRAAI: 11 SEPTEMBER 2010: OUD-SAP-LEDE LIEFDADIGHEIDSTRUST 1. Na afloop van ons jaarlikse skaapbraai wil die Trustees en Advieskomitee dankie sê. 2. Ons wil graag elkeen bedank wat op een of ander wyse die geleentheid ondersteun het. Die ondersteuning was bo verwagting goed en dit het bygedra tot die lekker kuier deur oud-kollegas en vriende. Wees verseker dat, ongeag die aard van u ondersteuning, dit opreg waardeer word. 3. Ons meld dan ook graag dat u teenwoordigheid verder bygedra het om die braai, weereens 'n spesiale geleentheid te maak 4. Ons dank gaan ook aan Hoffenheim, wat weereens 'n baie lekker etc voorsien het. 5. Nogmaals baie dankie. Ons sien uit na die volgende byeenkoms.

Getrouheid Toe ek omtrent 10 jaar oud was, is ek bewus gemaak van iets wat in die Bybel as getrouheid bekendstaan. Tydens 'n Medaljeparade wat op ons klein Noord-Karoodorpie gehou is, het my pa saam met 'n paar ander lede 'n polisiemedalje vir troue diens ontvang. Die destydse DK van De Aar, Kapt. Champion, se toespraak het by my die wete gevestig dat getrouheid erken en beloon word. Getrouheid is 'n konsep wat oorvloedig in die Bybel voorkom, beide as 'n gesindheid wat jou leef-etiek bepaal en hoe iets gedoen word. En hoe dan ook anders, want getrouheid word vergestalt in Wie dat God is: Iemand wat getrou bly t.s.v. ander se ontrouheid, wat nie deur omstandighede van koers gedwing word nie en wat bowenal nie versuim om erkenning te gee aan elkeen wat sy/haar kant sonder die ingevaar-stel van die heil van wie of wat gedien word, gebring het nie. God beloon getrouheid en in 2 Kor. 5:10 maak Paulus gebruik van 'n scenario uit die Romeinse spele waar deelnemers aan 'n wedstryd beloon word: elkeen ontvang volgens wat hy gedoen het. Elders skryf hy dat mense wat volgens die reëls gewedywer het seker kan wees van 'n beloning en by herhaling word getrouheid aan die reëls van dit wat gedoen word as 'n vereiste vir eerlike en eerbare diens gestel. Die beloning sal verseker pas by die kwaliteit van diens; ofskoon die woorde 'n negatiewe konnotasie het, hou die versekering van Gal. 6:7 dat 'n mens sal maai wat jy gesaai het ook die definitiewe positiewe vooruitsig in dat God dienooreenkomstig sal beloon.

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Mag hierdie vooruitsig vir elkeen wat getrou gearbei het meewerk tot welverdiende veterane gemoedsrus en mag dit elkeen wat nog dien die beste aansporing wees tot ongekompromitteerde voortreflikheid. Ex Gratia, Soli Deo Gloria. Dr. P.A. Rousseau - oud-Speurder van Welkom, nr 79 Distrik. Hy is ook ‘n troepmaat van luit-genl AF de la Rosa.

SAP Pretoria-noord - RYMPIES VAN DIE WILDE NOORD21 Hierdie vanne saamgevat in menig eenvoudig woord stel die bemaning voor van die wilde Noord. Kruger, Van Rensbarg, Stander en Van Zyl22, hou huisbraak en diestal op 'n lae peil. Freislich, Scharnick en Van Loggerenberg, drie vanne wat vaardigbeid, in spelling verg. Daar's die persoon van Chris de Jager, by betwis 'n bierpens maar erken ‘ n vaatjie Lion Lager. 'n Woordjie van Van der Vyver en Marais, moet nooit julle dossiers alleen laat lê. Betser, Seyffert en Van der Merwe, onthou net kerels, te veel spoed, laat julle kindertjies ontydig erwe. Oubaas Bert het gaan vis by die grootblou dam, tuis het gebly Theron en J. A. Bam. Die rare naam van Papenfus, dit laat mens dink aan Pampelmoes. Willem Goosen en Van Buren,23 julle soort moet lig loop vir Van Vuren. Flip Gouws en Steyn staan nog en brom, Aandag! Hier kom sersant Hanekom. Die Nongqai Desember: 75. Later brig MJ “Jackson” van Zyl en raadlid van Pretoria-Noord. 23 Willem Goosen baie bekende misdadiger. Clarence Gordon van Buuren is die moordenaar van Joy Aiken. S/Hoofkonstabel (later genl) FMA Steenkamp was die onderbesoekbeampte. 21 22

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En daar's 'n rosie wat tussen darings pryk, laaste maar nie die minste, mevrou Brooderyk. Somtyds eet ons wors en pap, voltyds werk ons dat dit so klap. O ja, en wat van ryk ou Manie, Wat rym met bom? ek weet so waa' nie. — OU VALETJIE.

POLICE HISTORY: MAJOR LOUIS VAN WYK: SA CRIMINAL BUREAU Do any of our readers know who Major Louis van Wyk, who was attached to the SA Criminal Bureau, is? He was the developer “Single Finger Print System”? Bruce Jones, a person interested in our history wrote as follows: Hennie, The article which you sent to me by Gert Basson titled Development of Single Fingerprint System Performance by a South African policeman. Which is the translation from the Afrikaans, raises a few questions? 1. Who is/was Louis van Wyk (Major)? 2. Nowhere in a search of Google or Yahoo can I find any reference to Single Finger Print System Analysis. 3. The time scales that are mentioned in the article begin to enter the period of electronic analysis of fingerprints. Question: Are there any our our readers who can identify this man and his work? Bruce. • Is

daar

dalk

iemand

wat

kan

help

met

hierdie

pionier

vingerafdrukdeskundige?

VOLGENDE UITGAWE / NEXT EDITION: DV 20 November 2010 Greetings / Groete Salute / Saluut Your Van Driver & Section Sergeant - U wabestuurder en wyksersant No 43630(B) Hennie Heymans. © 2010 71


Police Gazette 1-19