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Canola boom Continued from page A1 As Oklahoma grower Jeff Scott joked, before canola gained popularity, a farmer's idea of crop rotation here was taking an 800pound steer off a pasture and replacing it with a 500-pounder. Canola seeds produce oil with less saturated fat than many cooking oils and got a boost last fall when the Food and Drug Administration announced it was changing its view on trans fats. The FDA issued a preliminary decision that trans fat, also called partially hydrogenated oils, would no longer be listed as "generally recognized as safe" and began taking comment from the food industry on a timeline for eliminating their use. Increased use of canola has led to strong prices that can top other crops. For example, canola now brings farmers about $10 a bushel, compared to about $6 to $7 for wheat. A well-run canola operation could harvest up to 40 bushels an acre. "I've been on the ground floor of working with winter canola, and whenever you try something new, you're going to have a lot of challenges, but I tell you what, in the last few years, the winter canola ... (has been) a game changer for farmers — I'm seeing it out in the field," said Heath Sanders, a canola field specialist near Lawton, Okla., who's been rotating winter canola with his other crops for the past seven years on the family farm. Trans fats lend foods texture and extend their shelf life, but at major cost to the public's health. They lower "good" HDL cholesterol, elevate "bad" LDL cholesterol a n d c a n h a rd e n a r t e r i e s. F DA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg has said doing away with them could prevent 20,000 heart attacks and 7,000 deaths a year in the United States. Large restaurants and foodmakers are already phasing out the use of partially hydrogenated oils and have turned to canola and other oils as a replacement. The producers of Oreo cookies, for example, transitioned in 2006 from partially-hydrogenated oil and today use canola oil, among other ingredients, as a substitute. The result of the switch in some of Americans' most beloved snacks? "As far as I've heard, not a single consumer has noticed or complained," said Michael Jacobson, executive director of Washington-based Center for Science in the Public Interest. "Food companies work very hard to make the improvement invisible." Farmers and industry experts said the amount of canola grown in Oklahoma soared in the past few years. Oklahoma went from planting 140,000 acres in 2012 to 250,000 acres last year. Elsewhere, farmers in Oregon climbed from

Canola Council of Canada This undated photo shows a stalk of Canola blossoms. As food makers phase out cooking oils containing unhealthy trans fats, the amount of canola crops planted across the country has soared. 7,300 acres planted in 2012 to 13,000 in 2013. In Washington, acreage during that period doubled from 15,000 to 30,000, and in Montana the amount planted rose from 51,000 to 55,000 acres, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. North Dakota is the top canola state, with 860,000 acres planted in 2013. "We've brought a totally new cropping system to the region," said Scott, the founder and president of the Great Plains Canola Association, who grows about 1,500 acres of canola at his farm in Pond Creek, Okla. "It's kind of neat to sit back and watch an industry being created in the Southern Plains." Farmer Ryan Pederson, president of the trade group U.S. Canola Association, s ai d many fa r m e rs have b e e n a c c u s tomed to growing only one or two crops, such as wheat or corn, but are becoming more comfortable with growing an alternative plant. He said they're seeing the payoffs in the form of a larger pocketbook. "The great thing about canola is that i t ' s s o m e t h i n g t h a t ' s g o o d fo r t h e American public and for the farmers. It's been good for the bottom line," said Pederson, who plants about 40 percent of his land northwest of Devils Lake, N.D., in canola. The sky may not always be the limit for canola, which compared to more traditional U.S. crops is still taking baby steps. Jacobson estimates the canola industry has already reaped roughly 75 percent of the benefits it could ultimately acquire due to the decline in the use of partially hydrogenated oils — PHO. If the FDA ultimately bans trans fat as expected, Jacobson said the canola business will climb a bit more, but even then he thinks demand could plateau due to competition from a resurging soybean oil industry. "Many of the products still made with PHO need a solid fat — more like palm oil or (restructured) soybean oil than canola — so canola's gain might not be as proportionately great in the future as it was in the past," Jacobson said. For now, growers are counting their blessings — and the dollars — they're making off the crop. "I'm excited for the farmers," said Sanders, the canola expert. "This crop is changing how we farm. It's changing agriculture, and we're going to continue to see that."

New elevators, new commodities, new infrastructure


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Supporting the major Montana industry Tim Leeds tleeds@havredailynews.com

Havre Daily News/Lindsay Brown Newly upgraded and renovated facilities gleam in the sun in Chinook between U.S. Highway 2 and the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway tracks. Columbia Grains and other companies have expanded their ability to handle pulse crops like peas, chickpeas and lentils as more north-central Montana ag producers raise the alternative crops.

The last decade has seen a massive influx of new agricultural infrastructure on the Hi-Line and in the Golden Triangle, with new high-speed grain shuttles filling 110-car railroad trains with grain in less than 10 hours, a new emphasis on alternative crops, and discussion of other new ag business. Along with two new high-speed shuttles opening in Chester in the last three years, and more in other parts of the region, Blaine County Commissioner Charlie Kulbeck said a company is looking into building a shuttle facility between Harlem and Chinook, near 8-mile Hill. Kulbeck said the expansion of facilities is a boon for ag producers. “During harvest it would be a big plus,” he said. “Farmers would have another facility they could go to.” Kulbeck said the closer facility could help immensely during harvest. “If their granary is full, they could have a lot faster turnaround to get back to the field,” he said, adding, “competition is always welcome.” The topic was discussed at a meeting Bear Paw Development Corp. had with an advisory board in November, including talk about new fertilizer storage facilities being considered and even the possibility of someone building an actual fertilizer plant. Bear Paw Executive Director Paul Tuss said in a recent interview that expansion of facilities has crept up, providing numerous economic benefits to the region, but people might not be noticing all that is happening.

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Ban on trans fats would be boon for canola growers JUSTIN JUOZAPAVICIUS Associated Press TULSA, Okla. — From Oregon to Oklahoma, farmers have started planting canola in earnest, rotating the yellow-flowered crop that could blossom into a replacement for artery-clogging trans fats found in myriad junk foods, such as cookies, cakes and pies. The amount of canola being grown in the U.S. has increased dramatically in the last two decades or so, with 1.7 million acres planted in 2012. Some of it is growing in areas such as Oklahoma, which for generations has been dominated by wheat and cattle operations.

■ Continued on page 12 AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki Heath Sanders, canola field specialist with Great Plains Canola Association, holds dormant canola plants Dec. 18, 2013, in the field of Jerry Lingo near El Reno, Okla. Over the past two decades, canola has joined the rotation in the Great Plains and beyond, with 1.7 million acres planted from Oregon to the Carolinas, and it’s poised for an even-greater expansion as the nation seeks to replace artery-clogging trans fats found in myriad foods.


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Ag infrastructure: Kleinjan: Cooperatives may be a way to expand ■ Continued from page A1

Tying into other efforts

lous for a four-lane road through here. The amount of traffic is tremendous.”

Retired Blaine County rancher and former county commissioner Art Kleinjan said the expanded facilities have benefits but also create some problems and could be tied into other efforts. One way efforts could be tied together, Kleinjan said, was that, if people want to see expanded ag infrastructure, they could create it through cooperatives. Kleinjan, a board member of the Montana Cooperative Development Center, said the center could help people if they wanted to look into using that model to create a new business or infrastructure. Bear Paw Development also provides resources, including the Small Business Development Center it hosts and through hosting the Montana Food and Agriculture Development Center Network, which focuses on value-added agriculture. Kleinjan said that, while new elevators and other new facilities like fertilizer plants or storage help the ag producers, it creates a strain on the roads, with high traffic on the highways between Harlem and Havre, and farther west. “You’ve got ups and downs on both of them … ,” Kleinjan said. The need is fabu-

Economic boons Tuss said the new facilities are win-win for the region, creating new jobs, reducing costs for farmers and getting them better prices — by reducing the shipping costs — and giving new options on crops. The facilities themselves give new jobs to the region, with the initial estimates for the new shuttles in Chester at six jobs each, Tuss said, adding that “12 jobs for Chester is huge.” But, he said, “perhaps the biggest economic impact is, by strategically locating in areas, you are cutting down significantly the transportation jobs of getting to market, the cost of getting from farm to elevator. “I think, in total, you are talking about four or five additional add-ons to our regional economy that are all positive … ,” he said. “There’s not just investment, it’s significant investment, and it’s companies that are in for the long haul. “And it’s nothing but good and nothing but good for our agricultural producers,” he added.

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“It’s an undertow,” he said. “It’s not real flashy, and it’s not real visible, what is happening.”

Expanding and building facilities

Havre Daily News/Lindsay Brown Gavilon Grain elevators west of Chester are one of two new high-speed grain loaders in the town, with those facilities and the new EGT loaders built in the last three years.

On the other hand, some of the work is very visible. Starting in 2010, EGT and Agrilon announced construction of new high-speed shuttles in Chester, and plans, along with other companies that include Central Montana Cooperative, to build several other elevators including in Galata, Carter and Fort Benton. The high-speed shuttles give farmers a better rate on their grain, with the railroad company passing on the benefit of cars not sitting idle while being filled. Columbia Grain Vice President and General Manager Jeff VanPenage of Great Falls said his company has been building, and expanding, its facilities to handle pulse crops, such as lentils and chickpeas. That has included expanding and upgrading a facility in Chinook which already handled pulse crops. “We see a big future in pulse crops in Montana and in the world,” VanPenage said, adding that “we have lots of buyers all over the world looking for the product.” And the number of producers growing those crops is growing, he said. Montana already is the top-producing state in the nation for peas and lentils, and other crops are increasing. “We see more corn acres going in, more canola, flax, chickpeas,” VanPevanage said. He said that Hi-Line and Golden Triangle producers seem to be seeing benefits from the alternative to traditional crops like wheat, barley and durham. “It must be paying the bills or they wouldn’t be raising them,” he said. VanPevanage said along with the benefits of having an alternative cash crop, producers see benefits from rotating the crop such as increasing the nitrogen in the soil and reducing disease, and he expects the expansion to continue. “We see kind of untapped potential,” he said. In addition to the Chinook facility, he said, Columbia is handing pulse crops at

Havre Daily News/Lindsay Brown The EGT elevators on the east side of Chester stand ready for use. The EGT and the Gavilon shuttle, on the west side of Chester, offer grain loading to farmers in Liberty County and in that region of north-central Montana. A major expansion of facilities has given producers on the Hi-Line and throughout the Golden Triangle more options for hauling grain, with high-speed elevators closer to home cutting down time and cost of shipping while offering premium prices. Conrad, Meriweather, Tiber, Rudyard and some at Fort Benton and Wolf Point. The high-speed shuttles also are increasing, he said, including Columbia building a facility at Sweetgrass and a new shuttle going in for Conrad. “There’s more than enough capacity out there,” VanPevanage said.

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FARM FAMILY STRESS ISIS INEVITABLE, BUT ITS TOLL ISIS NOT FARM FAMILY STRESS INEVITABLE, BUT ITS TOLL NOT

www.havredailynews. www.havredailynews. www.havredailynews.com CONTINUED FROM PAGE 4

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peatedly meet meet their goals, so their activity and pleasure in usual ingness to initiate contact with the peatedly their goals, so self-esteem their self-esteem • Reduced • Reduced activity and pleasure in usual ingness to initiate contact withcommunity the community CONTINUED FROM PAGE 4 concentration and inability to make deci-decistaysstays high.high. This This is important because the the activities: “Doing anything is justis too resource (“How do you seeking help help concentration and inability to make is important because activities: “Doing anything justmuch too much resource (“How dofeel youabout feel about seeking sions.sions. greater your your conďŹ dence, the more likelylikely you you of anof effort.â€? from from this person/agency?â€?) greater conďŹ dence, the more an effort.â€? this person/agency?â€?) • Emotional signs:signs: sadness, depression, are toare usetoavailable resources effectively. • People problems: “I don’t want want anyone to to 6. Where the person or family is unwilling • Emotional sadness, depression, use available resources effectively. • People problems: “I don’t anyone 6. Where the person or family is unwilling bitterness, anger,anger, anxiety, loss of and and SUCCESSFUL STRESSSTRESS MANAGERS see me,â€? “I feel“Iso lonely.â€? to take the initiative or where ther is some bitterness, anxiety, lossspirit of spirit SUCCESSFUL MANAGERS see me,â€? feel so lonely.â€? to take the initiative or where ther is some loss of humor. FOR HI-LINE FARM FARM & RANCH Gary Gary Funk,Funk, Martin Fast, Fast, BrianBrian and Becky ThoseThose who who are successful stressstress managproblems: Sleeping problems, danger if action is notistaken, you should take take loss of humor. FOR HI-LINE & RANCH Martin and Becky are successful manag- • Physical • Physical problems: Sleeping problems, danger if action not taken, you should • Self• esteem signs:signs: The person mightmight say, say, Hi-Line ranchers LexieLexie Haynes, Walter Johnston, Leo and Bergtoll, CraigCraig ers: ers: CONTINUED decreased interest, headaches. the Mills initiative: Self esteem The person said said that the has has up the work with Glenn and headaches. has on on FROMFROM PAGE 7PAGE 7 Hi-Line ranchers Haynes, Walter Johnston, LeoDarrel and Darrel Bergtoll, decreased sexual interest, the Mills initiative: thatresearch the research up thesexual work with Glenn and been has been CONTINUED “I’m “I’m a failure,â€? “I blew it,â€? orit,â€? “Why can’t can’t I ... Ienter OzarkOzark and James Murdock trekked nearlynearly Sibley, John John Fahlgren, Jimmy Murdock, Are self-aware. Know strengths, • Guilt and low self “It’s “It’s all my Call the agency toask to in •the suchKnow asyour irrigated a failure,â€? “I blew or “Why ... • enter shown that corn isand notisask aand good crop fortheto a learning curve. and James Murdock trekked Sibley, Fahlgren, Jimmy Murdock, Are self-aware. strengths, • Guilt and low esteem: self esteem: all my Call the agency to speak incontest, the contest, such asyour irrigated shown that corn not a speak good crop forthe a learning curve. (do various things)?â€? 600 miles to Belvidere, S.D., S.D., on a mid-JanJim Bowman, Bill Murdock, Walter Ozark, skills, andnon-irrigated, weaknesses. Know what isthat imporfault,â€? “IAs should beworked punished.â€? worker (ifarea. there isdoes one). (do various things)?â€? and non-irrigated, Rohde decided dryland in worker thein It makemake its its Asfault,â€? Glenn as a represen600 miles to Belvidere, on a mid-JanJim Bowman, Bill Murdock, Walter Ozark, skills, and weaknesses. Know what isthat impor“I has should beworked punished.â€? intake (ifarea. there one). and Rohde decided dryland the Itisdoes Glenn has as a represen- intake MANAGING STRESSSTRESS uary weekend to deliver cattlecattle donated from from Ty Murphy, Jim Murdock, ChadChad Remmich, tantwanted to you. Know where are going. Set Signs of area suicidal intent include: Identify and your with MANAGING he seetoKnow what heyou could do the as yourself a rotational crop andrelationship is sold tative and distributer forinclude: Pioneer uary weekend to deliver donated Ty Murphy, Jim Murdock, Remmich, tant totoyou. where you areingoing. Set Signs of area suicidal intent Identify and relationship your with he wanted see what he could do in the rounds as yourself a rotational crop and is sold tative and distributer for Pioneer rounds WhileWhile farm farm stressstress is inevitable, the toll Northeast Montana to twotoyoung ranchers Walt Walt Daley,Daley, DeanDean Barnes and Haynes. priorities and plan. Never bite off more than • Anxiety or decided depression: Severe, intense person orfeeding family. is inevitable, theittolllast it year. He worked with Mills from the than mostly for cattle. Glenn sold sold out out Seeds, he decided trytoa try corn hybrid –intense Northeast Montana two young ranchers Barnes and Haynes. priorities and plan. Never bite off more • Anxiety ortodepression: Severe, the person orfeeding family. last year. He worked with Mills from the mostly for cattle. Glenn Seeds, he a corn hybrid –the oftenoften exactsexacts on the and emotions of beginning who lost than 80 head of cattle in thein the Drs. Dallas and Patty Maxwell donated you can Cut onsure theondemands feelings ofmight anxiety or grow depression. what you the person’s or for famonhealth the health and emotions of tochew. make sure that the hisState corn this what year, mostly tothelocals, whomore lost more than 80 head of cattle Drs. Dallas and Patty Maxwell donated one that grow better in theinshorter youchew. can Cut down the process demands made feelings of will anxiety or depression. you think person’s or for fambeginning todown make that the made process hisState corn thisthink year, mostly to locals, one that better the shorter knowledge, further said that she beliewed or ranch without restrictions – unless it’s Labor’s proposed rulesmight destroy job opFOR FARM &sendRANCHRANCH knowledge, further said that she beliewed orwas ranch without restrictions –inunless it’s Labor’s proposed rules will destroy job opFOR farmers and their families is not. deadly AtlasAtlas stormstorm this past on all theHI-LINE cattle. AlsoFARM on you until you feel in control. • growing Withdrawal orMills isolation: Withdrawn, ily’s needs are said (needs immediate protection farmers and their families is not. deadly thisOctober. past October. their vet theirwork vet work on all theHI-LINE cattle. Also&sendcompleted correctly order to feed. He said that unlike his other crops, growing seasons. added that the on you until you feel in control. • Withdrawal or isolation: Withdrawn, ily’s needs are (needs immediate protection was completed correctly in order to feed. He that unlike his other crops, seasons. Mills added that the programs will be a large part their their parents’ place.place. portunities for young people and damage the the What’s going to happen with the “conservation programs will be a large part forofyoung people and damage What’s to happen withFarm the Farm “conservation Researchers have identiďŹ ed hardy indiThe young Dakota ranchers, FrankFrank and and ing cash donations weregoing Lynn Simonson •parents’ Are relaxed. Take walks. SpendSpend time time on portunities alone,growing lack friends and supports. suicidal acts, needs an appointment Researchers have identiďŹ ed hardy indiThe young Dakota ranchers, ing cash donations were Lynn Simonson make a •fair corn from takessuicidal more management. He has to growing days need with the supports. proper corn cornfrom Are relaxed. Take walks. on alone, lack of friends and acts, needs an appointment make a entry. fair entry. corn takes more management. Hefor has for to days need with the proper of theofcuts, with reductions incan Conservation “That leaves out aunts, uncles, grandnation’s economy. Bill and the Department of Labor’s overthe cuts, with reductions in Conservation “That leaves out aunts, uncles, grandnation’s economy. Bill and the Department of Labor’s overviduals--people who handle much more ColterColter Carlson, and their families lost the and Jesse Simonson and Jeremy and Mary hobbies. Talk to others. Take naps. Pray or • Helpless and hopeless: Sense of complete counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). viduals--people who can handle much more Carlson, and their families lost the andreach Jesse Simonson and Jeremy and Mary Mills explained that in order to be in hobbies. Talk to others. Take naps. Pray or • Helpless and hopeless: Sense of complete counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). be out checking the crop at least once is 86 days. Glenn found a variety that Mills explained that in order to be in be out checking the crop at least once is 86 days. Glenn found a variety that Reserve Program land. land. ThereThere is land in CRP parents, or even having a neighbor kid over “The “The Department of Labor’s reasoning on “child laborâ€?laborâ€? were were hot topics Reserve Program is land in CRP parents, or even having a neighbor kid over Department of Labor’s reasoning reach on “child hot topics stressstress than others without the illthe effects. ThreeThree majority of their herdsherds in theinstorm. The The Kate Kate Tihista. meditate. Read for fun. Breathe deeply andplot powerlessness, feeling. State what you think the no person’s or famthan others without majority of their the storm. Tihista. meditate. for fun. Breathe deeply and powerlessness, hopeless feeling. State what yousure think theproblems person’s or famsheRead had to table a small plot a week to make sure that could grow inisa79hopeless tolike maturity. the she had to Thatcher. table a small a week to make that no problems grow indays days to maturity. Stop by by andand visit erodible and should not even beill effects. help stack haycontest bales,â€? notes Thatcher. for these newcould policies that kids me, Stop visit during the Montana FarmFarm Bureau Conventhat isn’t erodible and not even be toare tothe helpcontest stack hay bales,â€? notes for these new policies isa79 that kids like me, during the Montana Bureau Conven- that isn’t characteristics theyshould have have in common youngyoung men men are nephews of Charlie and and The The much-appreciated cattlecattle were count to 1,000. • Alcohol abuse: There is often a link beily’s needs are (needs immediate protection characteristics they in common are are nephews of Charlie much-appreciated were count to 1,000. • Alcohol abuse: There is often a link beily’s needs are (needs immediate protection and enter the area. She went out to meaarise. Over the last four years it hasn’t been and enter the area. She went out to meaarise. Over the last four years it hasn’t been part of the program. There may be some cuts “Under the proposed rules kids under the the ones under 16, lack cognitive ability to tion Nov. 6-9 in Missoula. American Farm part of the program. There may be some cuts “Under the proposed rules kids under the the ones under 16, lack cognitive ability to tionnew Nov. 6-9 in Missoula. American Farm with us us about your commitment, control, and challenge. Highly with about your Kathleen (Murdock) Carlson. settledsettled into their and gave hope • Are Draw on several sources ofthe tween alcoholism and suicide. suicidal acts, needs an appointment for he commitment, control, and there challenge. Kathleen (Murdock) Carlson. into theirhomes new homes andDirector gave hope •involved. Are Draw onmilk several sources ofthese tween alcoholism and suicide. from suicidal acts, needs an appointment for sure thewouldn’t area and as they harvested the While he didn’t irrigate this year, he easy. One year the crop suffered hail hail from sure thebeinvolved. area and as harvested While he didn’t irrigate this year, easy. One year the crop suffered lands programs. Right now ageHighly ofage 16of wouldn’t able to bale hay, perform tasks. I have been working Bureau Public Policy Director Mary Kay Kay in working in working lands programs. Right now there 16 be able to they bale hay, milk perform these tasks. I have been working Bureau Public Policy Mary committed to the work they do, they have a Kathleen's sister, Lexie Haynes, of Saco, to the Carlson families trying to make it in personal satisfaction, such as family, hobbies, • Previous suicidal attempts: May have been counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). committed to the work they do, they have a Kathleen's sister, Lexie Haynes, of Saco, to the Carlson families trying to make it in personal satisfaction, such as family, hobbies, • Previous suicidal attempts: May have been counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). combine had to pass through in strips had to irrigate the previous year several damage, another year it was damaged by combine had to pass through in strips had to irrigate the previous year several damage, another year it was damaged by are 23 conservation programs; Farm Bureau cows, help with newborn calves or suckling with animals, operating machinery and ridThatcher covered the ever-changing infor-inforSpring Needs are 23 conservation programs; Farm Bureau cows, help with newborn calves or suckling with animals, operating machinery and ridThatcher covered the ever-changing Spring Needs knack for turning problems into opportunities. put the word out inout Northeast Montana that that the cattle industry. and recreation. previous attempts of low tolow high lethality. Provide the agency withseason. background in- inknack for turning into opportunities. put the word in Northeast Montana themation cattle industry. and recreation. previous attempts of high lethality. Provide the agency with until they pulled The rows from due to the dry season. Hebackground said He’s only carried two crops has long a proponent of problems combining piglets, or even ride aride horse toacre. gather cattle. ing from horses allflood. my life and suddenly mytogood age until they pulled antoacre. The rows times due to the dry He said He’s carried two cropstimes aboutabout the Farm Bill. Bill. has been long been a proponent of combining piglets, or even aanhorse gather cattle. ingflood. horses all my lifeonly and suddenly my good age mation the Farm * Fertilizers * Fertilizers The Serenity Prayer expresses the feeling of she would pick up any donaawas great feeling to know how • Are active and productive. Make things • Suicidal plan: Frequent or constant formation (name, address and phone; age and The Serenity Prayer expresses the feeling of she would pickand updeliver and deliver any dona- "It was "ItAlthough a great feeling to know how • Are active and productive. Make things • Suicidal plan: Frequent or constant formation (name, address and phone; theand combine were not side by and side . is what pays pays attention to fertilizer. He age of four. Last year heability,’â€? had ahad better of them. I suspect that when the dust ranchers needwere to speak up determines ‘cognitive the so-called congressional the combine not side by and side . is out he also attention to fertilizer. Heand out of my four. Last year heability,’â€? a better he also of them. I suspect that when the dust Farmers Farmers and ranchers need to speak up what determines my ‘cognitive Although the so-called congressional somesome control they have: “God grant me the strength tions to these young ranchers. much these young families appreciated happen. Practice stress management during thoughts with a speciďŹ c plan in mind. gender; nature of current problem or crisis; any control they have: “God grant me the strength tions to these young ranchers. much these young families appreciated happen. Practice stress management during thoughts with a speciďŹ c plan in mind. gender; nature of current problem or crisis; * Soil Sampling clears, there will be ďŹ ve or less programs.â€? say how outrageous this is. Visit www.reguPrince said in his speech. “It’s more representative of the entire has approximately 300 acres in corn year. Prices were good and he had a “Super Committeeâ€? after the convention * Soil Sampling clears, there will be ďŹ ve or less programs.â€? say how outrageous is. Visit www.reguPrince said his speech. “It’s morethis representative of the entire has approximately 300 acres in corn any year.inPrices were good and he had a “Super Committeeâ€? after the convention toThatcher change the things Iacan thecomArea Area ranchers endedended up donating 20 20 someone thinking about them," Haynes FOR HI-LINE FARM &for RANCH goodto and bad times. Eat right, exercise, and Cries foryield. help: Making a will, giving posses past history you’re aware of; further informato change the things Ichange, can change, thelations.gov courage ranchers up donating someone thinking about them," Haynes FOR HI-LINE FARM &courage RANCH good and bad times. Eat right, exercise, and Cries forofhelp: Making akids will, giving posses past you’re of; further informaThatcher explained a proposal for comďŹ le comments on the rule.â€? Prince said because the work ag failed to come up with a deďŹ cit reduction field that way,â€? Mills said. “There was a fields andhistory he doesaware custom hay in high yield. This year there was a drop in explained proposal lations.gov to ďŹ le comments on the rule.â€? Prince said because of the work ag kids failed to come up with a deďŹ cit reduction field that way,â€? Mills said. “There was a fields andalso he also does custom hay in high This year there was a drop in *Chemicals *Chemicals toprograms, accept those things I with cannot change, and the head head of bred cowscows and heifer calvescalves to to said. said. "I plan can't thank everyone enough South Dakota rancher Frank Carlson feeds cattle donated from get enough sleep. •atsions away, making statements such as “I’m tion as called for). toprograms, accept those things I the cannot change, and the of bred and heifer "I as can't everyone enough for South Dakota rancher Frank Carlson feeds cattle donated from modity noting that cuts, Even the youth whosleep. would be doabout at do a prices young age, have awas strong work get enough • sions away, making statements such as “I’m tion as and called for). some expected, its earlier idea to cut modity noting that with the cuts, Even the youth who would affected a prices young age, they have astill strong work lot of measuring going on,affected itbe took about Roosevelt Valley counties. but they the yield very high. plan asthank some expected, itsfor earlier idea to cut lot of measuring going on, it took Roosevelt and Valley counties. but the yield was still very high. TheyThey include Kermit Flom,Flom, the donations." wisdom toright, know the difference.â€? *Seed & Seed Treatments Northeast Montana to those lost instill a the deadly storm. the cause. include Kermit the$23 donations." • three Use give support. Develop friendcalling it quits,â€? or responsibility. “Maybe my family wouldwould Ask the what what follow-up actionaction they they wisdom tothose know difference.â€? if it’s right, there can be safety laws are speaking out.support. During ethic, resourcefulness and *Seed & Seed Treatments the cause. Northeast Montana to replace lost in aadeadly storm. by these • and Use and give Develop friendcalling it quits,â€? or responsibility. “Maybe my family Askagency the agency follow-up billion out ofout theofUSDA budget drew ifdone it’sreplace done there can still be a safety bythree these laws are speaking out. During ethic, resourcefulness and $23 billion the USDA budget drew hours.â€? hours.â€? A agriculture. tough lessonlesson for many farmers is the that ships for help and comfort during periods of be better off without me.â€? will take: A tough for many farmers isMontana that net for agriculture. Farm Bureau Foundation’s “In a time when our country is battling comments from Thatcher. ships for help and comfort during periods of be better off without me.â€? will take: net for the Montana Farm Bureau Foundation’s “In a time when our country is battling comments from Thatcher. They also had to weigh the yield They also had to weigh the yield WeWe areare your dealer for for your dealer hard worktopic does not always lead to success. topic of discussion the Speech Contest, Prince from unemployment, a struggling and stress. HOW TO Aeconomy PERSON FOR HELP • When will they theonreferral? hard work notwas always lead toYouth success. “Agriculture is deďŹ nitely goinggoing to be to takAnother ofdoes discussion wasDethe DeYouth Speech Contest, Garett Prince from aREFER struggling and stress. HOW TO REFER Aeconomy PERSON FOR HELP • When will act theyonact the referral? “Agriculture is deďŹ nitely be tak- Another and test the Mills then comand testmoisture. the Garett moisture. Mills then com-unemployment, The ethic ingrained into the life Drummond of work Labor’s proposed restrictions onvery Drummond had ahad lot saytothe on that generation unmotivated youth, our gov• Spend time with Talk to each 1.ofBe aware of the and resources will be thebeperson for you contact The ethic ingrained into theon very life ing a ing good shareshare of cuts,â€? she said. “Howseed corn & alfalfa partment of work Labor’s proposed restrictions lot say onsoexact that exact generation unmotivated youth, our gov• Spend time with the family. Talk to each 1.of Be aware ofagencies the agencies and resources • Who• Who will the person fortoyou to contact a good of cuts,â€? she said. “How- partment seed corn & alfalfa pleted the paperwork sofamily. they could pleted theatopaperwork they could of every farmer does not always provide the children working in agriculture. Under the subject. ernment is going to un-employ thousands of ever, it’s better to deal with this now in this Š other and really listen. Express appreciation available in your community what services later if necessary? of every farmer does not always provide the children working in agriculture. Under the subject. ernment is going to un-employ thousands of A Stockmanship Seminar is planned for management factors we should consider in There are modest fees for individuals and ever, it’s better to deal with this now in this Š other and really listen. Express appreciation available in your community what services later if necessary? A Stockmanship Seminar is planned for management factors we should consider in There are modest fees for individuals and send send out the for the – Round-Up Ready Varieties – – outresults the results forcontest. the contest. – Round-Up Ready Varieties proposed rules, under theare age of 16 am years oldhybrid and help the hard-working individuals? just doesn’t rewards ityouth promises. For every farmer, there“Ithere committee waiting until next year.â€? proposed rules, under the age of 16 “Ionly am only 12corn years oldIhybrid and I run help runused the hard-working individuals? just doesn’t for each other often. they offer and what theirThat limitations are. are. • What will be thebecost theofservice (at (at rewards ityouth promises. For every farmer, committee than until next year.â€? couples. Feb. Feb. 17, from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. at theatMilk efforts to improve cowwaiting efficiency. Students and children free. for12 each other often. they offer and That what their limitations • What will the of cost the service 17, from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. the Milk efforts tothan improve cow efficiency. couples. Students and children are free. The Pioneer seed used was The Pioneer corn seed was would not be able to do any labor on a farm ranch that has been in my family for over make sense. I hope the Department of Labor Thatcher, basing her comments on current are conditions and factors that are out of his would not be able to do any labor on a farm ranch that has been in my family for over make sense. I hope the Department ofsymptoms Laborthat that Thatcher, basing her comments on current • Think positively. Encourage an overriding 2. Listen for signs and symptoms fee/sliding scale)? are conditions and factors that are out of his RiverRiver Pavilion in Malta. It’s an excellent op- op- Lunch will be served by thebyPhillips County AnnaAnna Merriman at 654-1297 or or • Think positively. Encourage an overriding 2. Listen for signs and fee/sliding scale)? Pavilion in Malta. It’s an excellent Lunch will be served the Phillips County Contact Contact Merriman at 654-1297 not the shortest day growing season not thesaid shortest growing season 140 years,â€? Prince in hisinday speech thatout wakes up realizes that who start or herorcontrol. 140 years,â€? said his that wakes up and realizes that kids who help start sense that things will work out the theand person or family needs help whichwhich you you • Do •you to doto anything else to comher control. for more portunity to improve your your bottom line. line. Cattlewomen. merriman.anna@gmail.com infor-inforsense that things will work forbest, the the person or kids family needs Doneed you need do anything else to comportunity to improve bottom Cattlewomen. merriman.anna@gmail.com for more variety onPrince the butspeech Rohde said variety onmarket, the market, butfor Rohde saidbest, won him second place in the junior division. working longcan’t before turning 16ďŹ nancial, years oldlegal are won him second place inhappens. the Know juniorKnow division. working longprovide, before turning 16legal years old arepersonal An old had suffered through a life-a lifeno matter what happens. that events can’t provide, i.e., ďŹ nancial, or personal plete the referral? Anfarmer old farmer had suffered through Bill Pelton will will walkwalk attendees through p.m., Curt Curt Pate Pate will teach aspects of of mation. no matter what that events i.e., or plete the referral? Bill Pelton attendees through At 1 At 1 p.m., will teach aspects mation. ittowas close. He added that the ittopretty was pretty close. He added thatthethe “I plan remain adestroy part the ones whocounseling. are in theinunem“I rarely plan remain aof part ofagricultural the agricultural thecounseling. ones whonot arestanding not standing the unemtime of troubles that would have destroy people--it isvariety people’s reactions 7. Make sure the or family and refertime of troubles and afictions that would have stepssteps to betoBQA certified and why it should stockmanship, including gathering, grazing, include theand Ranchers Stewardship rarely people--it isvariety people’s reactions 7. Make sureperson the person or family and referbe BQA certified and why it should stockmanship, including gathering, grazing, Sponsors Sponsors include theafictions Ranchers Stewardship Glasgow – 228-2571 Glasgow – 228-2571 shorter growing season doesn’t shorter growing season doesn’t industry and hope to continue my involveployment line by the age of 25.â€? industry and hope to continue my involveployment line by the age of 25.â€? leveled an ordinary mortal. But through it all, to events that cause the problems. 3. Assess what agency or community reral agency connect and get together. Make one one leveled an ordinary mortal. But through it all, be done. Dr. Andrew Roberts will explore sorting, processing, loading, treating and movAlliance, NCBA, the PC Livestock & Cattleto events that cause the problems. 3. Assess what agency or community reral agency connect and get together. Make be done. Dr. Andrew Roberts will explore sorting, processing, loading, treating and movAlliance, NCBA, the PC Livestock & Cattlegrow as much. grow as ranching much. YourYour Customer Owned Co-op Customer Owned Co-op menthave in myinSIGNS family’s operation. ItINTENT Other hot button issues during the conment my SIGNS family’s ranching operation. ItINTENT Other hot button issues during the to conheAssociation never lost his sense ofABS. humor. “How“How have OF DEPRESSION OR SUICIDAL source would be most appropriate address or more follow-up contacts with the agency if if heAssociation never lost his sense of humor. what what traitstraits are important to evaluate and what ing cattle in anin effective manner. women’s and ABS. OF DEPRESSION OR SUICIDAL source would be most appropriate to address or more follow-up contacts with the agency are important to evaluate and what ing cattle an effective manner. women’s and win got Rohde and his wife, The win gotfuture Rohde andthe his the wife, meThe tome think my future career and vention were the proposal to move Yellowscares to think my career and vention were the proposal toproblems. move Yellowyou managed to keep so happy and serene?â€? The greater the number of signs or sympthe person’s (or family’s) called for by the situation. you managed to keep so happy andscares serene?â€? The greater the number of signs or sympthe person’s (or family’s) problems. called for by the situation. Lori Rohde, aranch triparanch to San Antonio, Lori Rohde, trip to San Antonio, of myof may be on the National Park bison to four my may on the stonestone National Park to2locations four 440 Highway West •person Glasgow • Across from the Fairgrounds 440 Highway 2locations West Glasgow • Across from the Fairgrounds askedasked a friend. “It ain’t hard,â€?hard,â€? said the old toms afamily’s ranch or farm family isbe experiencing, 4. Discuss the bison referral with the or or a friend. “It ain’t saidfuture thefuture old Roubie Younkin, an MSU Extension toms afamily’s ranch or farm family is experiencing, 4. Discuss the referral with the •person Roubie Younkin, an MSU Extension Texas, for afor convention. They will Texas, a convention. They will line today.â€? around Montana, risk management and and line today.â€? around Montana, risk management 406-228-9325 • 406-228-4381 • 1-800-255-1472 fellow with with a twinkle in hisineye. I’ve“ just 406-228-9325 • 406-228-4381 • 1-800-255-1472 the greater your concern should be. In addition, family (“It sounds/looks like you are feeling fellow a twinkle his “eye. I’ve just agent in Valley County, compiled this rethe greater your concern should be. In addition, family (“It sounds/looks like you are feeling agent in Valley County, compiled this rehave chances to go to classes, speak have chances to go toofclasses, speak Prince believes the Department estateestate tax planning. Prince believes theare Department ofthe followtax Iplanning. learned to cooperate with the inevitable.â€? if family members exhibiting _____. think _____ could help you deal with learned to cooperate with the inevitable.â€? Family owned by the Newton Boys! port from Extension sources. She can if family members are exhibiting the follow_____. I think _____ could help you deal with Family owned by the Newton Boys! port from Extension sources. She be can be Farm Equipment Sales announced Jan. 23, www.ffa.org/scholarships. to seed representatives and learn from Farm Equipment Sales announced Jan. 23, www.ffa.org/scholarships. to seed representatives and learn from Linda & Mark&Nielsen, Linda Mark Nielsen, To control thosethose things you can control, ing signs of depression or suicidal intent, it is it your situation.â€?) To control things you can control, reached at (406)228-6239 or ryounkin@ ing signs of depression or suicidal intent, is your situation.â€?) SeeSee SERVING AREA AREA âœŻ âœŻ that itthat Rent Car A Car reached at (406)228-6239 or Aryounkin@ Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny or Ted! S ERVING Rent Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny or Ted! Sarah Swanson, general manager of Farm is partnering with John Deere and FFA other farmers what they have done to Sarah Swanson, general manager of Farm it is partnering with John Deere and FFA other farmers what they have done to Owners Owners you must plan. What are are your goalsgoals for your important thatcrops. you connect them them with profesthe individual’s or family’s will- willyou must plan. What areproud your for your valleycountymt.net. important thatcrops. you connect with profes- 5. Explore 5. Explore the individual’s or family’s valleycountymt.net. PRODUCERS LIVESTOCK college scholarships to local FFA FFA Equipment Sales, said, “We to make better PRODUCERS to award LIVESTOCK to award college scholarships to local Equipment Sales, said, “We are proud to make better Iva Murch, Manager Iva Murch, Manager farm in the next year? In the next three years? sional help as soon as possible. All cries for farm in the next year? In the next three years? sional help as soon as possible. All cries for members. This is the second year of the John partner with the National FFA Foundation to members. This is the second year of the John partner with the National FFA Foundation to ThereThere will also be a be trade showshow with with 263-7529 FOR 68 will also a trade 263-7529 CHEVROLET 68 Y! EARS! FORYEARS CHEVROLET Keeping in mind your major, long-range goals help should be taken seriously. in mind your major, help should be taken seriously.there. DeereDeere Dealer Scholarship Program, whichwhich is support our Keeping area’s FFA youth, and we look Dean Barnes, Yard Manager Dealer Scholarship Program, is support our area’s FFA youth, andlong-range we look goals around 500 different companies Dean Barnes, Yard Manager around 500 different companies there. will make it to settodaily priorities. Signs of depression include: will make it set daily priorities. • Signs of depression 1946 -1946 2014- 2014 administered 263-1175 by The FFA Organizaforward to seeing theeasier great contributions these 263-1175 administered byNational The National FFA Organizaforward to seeing theeasier great contributions these The• three-day event startsstarts atinclude: theatend The three-day event the end YOUR YOUR When you cannot do everything you want Sad face, slow slow movements, When you cannot do everything you want • Appearance: • Appearance: Sad face, movements, Ed Hinton, Auctioneer Ed Hinton, Auctioneer tion. tion. Last Last year year John John Deere dealers awarded students will make to Montana Agriculture.â€? Deere dealers awarded students will make to Montana Agriculture.â€? of February and they are hoping to do of February and they are hoping to do All In One Convenient Location. All In One Convenient Location. to accomplish in a day, tackle those projects unkempt look. to accomplish in a day, tackle those projects unkempt look. during their stay. 783-7285 ONEONE 783-7285 over over $240,000 in scholarships. TheseThese scholarships are among the more $240,000 in scholarships. scholarships are among the more a little sightseeing a little sightseeing during stay. that will bring you the return. People 2Hwy W ~2Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds feelings: Feeling sad,their hopeless, will bring you the return. People • Unhappy 440 W ~four Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds • Unhappy feelings: Feeling sad, hopeless, Highway #2 W. •that Glasgow FES FES and Deere440 areHwy sponsoring than 1,500 awarded through thebiggest FFA program. GMCJohn Highway #2 W.awarded • Glasgow and Deere are sponsoring four than 1,500 through thebiggest FFA program. GMCJohn The state winner will get to attend a The statelistless. winner will get to attend a STOP FORFOR STOP with low self-esteem oftenoften set unrealistically AcrossAcross from Fairgrounds discouraged, with lowcorporate self-esteem set unrealistically 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~than 406-228-4381 February 2014 March 2014 (cont.) from Fairgrounds discouraged, listless. 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~125 406-228-4381 February 2014 March 2014 (cont.) $2,000 scholarships through the National FFA More corporate sponsors contribute $2,000 scholarships through the National FFA More than 125 sponsors contribute breakfast and aand banquet. CertiďŹ ed breakfast a banquet. CertiďŹ ed 406-228-9326 406-228-9326 high goals, but achievers set moderate goalsThursday Thursday • Negative thoughts: “I’m a failure,â€? “I’m high goals, but achievers set moderate goalsThursday Thursday Family owned by will thenearly • Negative a failure,â€? “I’m Family owned byNewton thenearly Newton ALL ALL YOUR YOUR Scholarship program. TheseThese scholarships will $2•Boys million to support this program. Scholarship program. scholarships $2•Boys million to support this program. 1-800-255-1472 406-228-4381 “We’re goinggoing tothoughts: learn so“I’m much,â€? 1-800-255-1472 406-228-4381 “We’re to learn so much,â€? Service Service -not too hard andBoys not easy. Achievers re- reRent Atoo Car easy. no good,â€? “No one cares.â€? -not too hard andtoo not Rent Aonline Car Achievers Auto Parts & Repair Center no good,â€? “No one cares.â€? See Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny or Ted Family owned by the Newton Boys Auto Parts & Repair Center See Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny or Ted Family owned by the Newton provide financial aid to FFA members attendScholarship applications are available provide financial aid to FFA members attendScholarship applications are available online Big Feeder Special Woodland Farms Montana Angus Sale Big Feeder Special Woodland Farms Montana Angus Sale Lori Lori said.said. “This“This is a big for us.â€? is ahonor big honor for us.â€? SPRING SPRING 1FFSMFTTt3JDIMBOEt0QIFJNt'PVS#VUUFT Peerless • Richland • •Opheim •• Four Buttes 1FFSMFTTt3JDIMBOEt0QIFJNt'PVS#VUUFT Peerless • Richland Opheim Four Buttes Peerless • Richland • •Opheim •• Four Buttes Peerless • Richland Opheim Four Buttes ing twoor four-year colleges. To apply, visit visit through Feb. Feb. 1, at www.ffa.org/scholarships. ing twoor four-year colleges. To apply, through 1, at www.ffa.org/scholarships. & All Class AuctionAuction & All Class AuctionAuction & AllCattle Class Cattle & AllCattle Class Cattle Glenn had been farming sincesince 1980.1980. Glenn had been farming NEEDS NEEDS 893-4398 724-3353 762-3231 893-4398 724-3353 - 762-3231 - -783-5519 He grew up onupa on local ranchranch in thein the 893-4398 724-3353 762-3231 783-5519 893-4398 - -724-3353 762-3231 783-5519 893-4398 724-3353 - 762-3231 -783-5519 He grew a local 893-4398 - -724-3353 762-3231 -783-5519 783-5519 26th Wittkopp AngusAngus Auction, 26th Wittkopp Auction, April 2014 April 2014 area and got his degree from Montana area and got his degree from Montana Monthly Stock Stock Cow &Cow Bred& Heifer Monthly Bred Heifer Thursday Thursday StateState University. When he came backback University. When he came Auction & All Class AuctionAuction Auction & AllCattle Class Cattle Bowles J5 RedJ5Angus Production Auction, Bowles Red Angus Production Auction, homehome his parents had sold out and his parents had sold out and FeederFeeder Auction & All Class AuctionAuction Auction & AllCattle Class Cattle FeederFeeder Special Special things werewere changing. So heSostarted things changing. he started Farmers Elevator in Glasgow has answers Farmers Elevator in Glasgow has answers & All Class AuctionAuction & AllCattle Class Cattle custom farming. custom farming. Eayrs Eayrs AngusAngus Bull Production Auction, Bull Production Auction, to your feed,feed, grain, graingrain marketing and and to your grain, marketing “Farming is myispassion, it justit grew “Farming my passion, just grew Bred Heifer, Pair & Pair All Class AuctionAuction Bred Heifer, & AllCattle Class Cattle All Class AuctionAuction CHEVROLET agronomy questions. We have a full line AllCattle Class Cattle CHEVROLET agronomy questions. We have a full line fromfrom there,â€? Glenn said.said. there,â€? Glenn McRae’s Big Dry Production Auc- AucHe grew wheat over over the last McRae’s BigAngus Dry Angus Production He grew wheat the three last three of feed products and and a knowledgeable of feed products a knowledgeable March 2014 tion, Replacement HeiferHeifer & Feeder Spe- Spedecades. He tried safflower and barley. March 2014 tion, Replacement & Feeder decades. He tried safflower and barley. team of feed consultants ready to help you team of feed consultants ready to help you Thursday Thursday AllAll In One Convenient Location. cial & cial All Class AuctionAuction He even triedtried pinto beans, which he he In One Convenient Location. & AllCattle Class Cattle He even pinto beans, which withwith youryour livestock nutrition needs. Farmers Elevator provides essential livestock nutrition needs. Farmers Elevator provides essential added wasn’t such a good crop. Lori is is Special FeederFeeder Auction added wasn’t such a good crop. Lori Special Auction 440 Hwy 2 W ~ Glasgow ~ Across from Fairgrounds Humbert “North Countryâ€? Angus Production 440 Hwy 2 W ~ Glasgow ~440Across Fairgrounds Humbert “North Countryâ€? Angus Production 440 Highway #2 W.from •#2 Glasgow Highway W. • Glasgow GMC & All Class AuctionAuction fairly new to the area and new to farmsupplies to the and and ruralrural America. Call Call usGMC atus228-4422. & AllCattle Class Cattle fairly new to the area and new to farmsupplies to Hi-Line the Hi-Line America. at 228-4422. Auction & Anderson Bar Triangle Charolais Across from Fairgrounds 406-228-9325 ~1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 Auction & Anderson Bar Triangle Charolais Across from Fairgrounds 406-228-9325 ~1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 CertiďŹ ed ing. She grew up onupa on cattle ranchranch in in CertiďŹ ed 406-228-9326 ing. She grew a cattle 406-228-9326 Production Auction & All Class Cattle Auction We are here for you. Production Auction & All Class Cattle Auction We are here for you. Family owned by the Newton Boys Stock Stock Cow &Cow Bred& Heifer Auction Family 1-800-255-1472 owned by the Newton Boys Bred Heifer Auction • 406-228-4381 1-800-255-1472 •and 406-228-4381 SouthSouth Dakota then livedlived in Helena Dakota and then in AHelena Service Service Car 406-228-9306 Car Auto PartsParts & Repair Center & All Class AuctionAuction Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny orby Ted 406-228-9306 Family owned byKenny the Newton Boys Boys Rent ARent Auto &See Repair & AllCattle Class Cattle Farmers Elevator See Center Doug, Andy, Terry, or Newton Ted Family owned the Farmers Elevator for 33 She said that she’s picked foryears. 33 years. She said that she’s picked 10#PYt(MBTHPX .5 10#PYt(MBTHPX .5 1st Ave. NorthNorth 1st Ave. Special FeederFeeder Auction HTJ!OFNPOUOFU Special Auction HTJ!OFNPOUOFU Glasgow, MT 59230 Glasgow, MT 59230 XXXHMBTHPXTUPDLZBSETDPN & All Class AuctionAuction XXXHMBTHPXTUPDLZBSETDPN & AllCattle Class Cattle 228-4422 228-4422 YOU’RE READING HI-LINE FARMFARM & RANCH – THE– AG FOR FOR NORTHEAST & NORTH CENTRAL MONTANA YOU’RE READING HI-LINE & RANCH THEMONTHLY AG MONTHLY NORTHEAST & NORTH CENTRAL MONTANA Please callcall in consignments so buyers cancan be notiďŹ ed. Please in consignments so buyers be notiďŹ ed.

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SHELLEYMILLS MILLS corn,wheat, wheat,barley, barley,wet wetgrasses grassesand andmilo milo SHELLEY corn, MSUExTENSION ExTENSIONAGENT AGENT//vALLEY vALLEYCOUNTY COUNTY andthey theycan canbe beaaproblem problemin incrops cropsthat that MSU and Propermoisture moisturelevels levelsfor forharvesting harvesting havehad hadhail haildamage. damage. Proper have aremore moreimportant importantthan thanyou youcan canimagine, imagine, Whilethe themold molditself itselfisisgenerally generallynot not are While particularlywhere whereforages foragesare areconcerned. concerned. problem(mold (moldspores sporescan canirritate irritatethe the particularly aaproblem Manyproducers producerswill willopt optto toharvest harvestan animimrespiratorysystem), system),ififthe themold moldisisstressed stressed Many respiratory matureor orpoor poorcrop cropfor forforage, forage,rather ratherthan than by bynear nearfreezing freezingtemperatures temperaturesas asititfeeds feeds mature seeititgo goto towaste, waste,but butbeware beware––aadangerdangerandgrows growson onthe thematrix, matrix,ititproduces producesvarivarisee and ouscharacter charactermay maybe beliving livingon onyour yourcrop. crop. oustoxins, toxins,including includingT-2 T-2and andHT-2 HT-2toxins. toxins. ous ous Manyfungi fungiare arepresent presentin inthe thesoil soiland andin in Thesetoxins toxinscan canaffect affectthe therapidly rapidlydividing dividing Many These theenvironment environmentand andmost mostdo donot notcause causeaa cellsof ofliving livingorganisms. organisms.T-2 T-2and andHT-2 HT-2 the cells problem,but butififthe theconditions conditionsare arejust justright right will willcause causeskin skinerosions erosionsand andulcers ulcersin inthe the problem, thesesaprophytic saprophyticfungi fungiwill willproduce producetoxins toxins mouth, mouth,throat, throat,stomach stomachand andsmall smallintestine; intestine; these thatmay mayaffect affectyour yourherd herdhealth. health. depressesthe theregenerative regenerativeprocess process that depresses SHELLEY SHELLEY Recentlyaasample sampleof ofcorn corn inbone bonemarrow marrowand andspleen; spleen;and and Recently in MILLS MILLS baledfor forforage forageto tobe beused usedfor for impairsimmune immunesystem systemfunction. function. baled impairs wintercattle cattlefeed feedrations rationswas was Becausethese thesetoxins toxinsaffect affect winter Because broughtinto intothe theValley ValleyCounty County activelydividing dividingcells, cells,they theycan can brought actively MSUExtension Extensionoffice. office.The The crossthe theplacenta placentaand andcause cause MSU cross samplewas wasfrom fromaacrop cropof offield field significantdamage damageto tofetuses fetusesand and sample significant cornthat thathad hadbeen beenplanted plantedlate late younganimals animalsthat thatare arestill stillmaturmaturcorn young andwas wasimmature immatureatatharvest. harvest. ing.Symptoms Symptomsin inanimals animalsare: are: and ing. Thecobs cobshad hadjust justbegun begunto toform form weightloss, loss,poor poorfeed feedutilization, utilization, The weight onthe theplants plantsand andwinter winterwas wasfast fast lackof ofappetite, appetite,vomiting, vomiting,bloody bloody on lack approaching.The Theweather weatherwas was diarrhea,abortion abortionand anddeath. death.Even Even approaching. diarrhea, MSUEXTENSION EXTENSION handling this forage can result in MSU notcooperating cooperatingand andititrained rained not handling this forage can result in VALLEYCOUNTY COUNTY skin VALLEY onthe thecrop cropbefore beforeititwas wascut cut skinerosions erosionson onthe thehands. hands.MoMoon in mid-October. It rained again nogastricanimals animalsand andpoultry poultryare are in mid-October. It rained again nogastric whileititwas wasin inthe thewindrow windrowand and muchmore moresensitive sensitiveto tothe thetoxin toxin while much therewere wereseveral severalplug-ups plug-upswhile whilebaling baling thanruminants. ruminants. there than whichresulted resultedin inwet wetand andpoorly poorlybaled baledhay. hay. These toxins toxins appear appear to to be be stable stable in in the the which These Toadd addinsult insultto toinjury injuryititrained rainedon onitit environment and and will will not not degrade degrade unless unless To environment againas asthe thebales balessat satin inthe thefield. field.We’ve We’veall all allowed allowed to to be be broken broken down down by by soil soil micro micro again beenhere hereatatsome somepoint pointor oranother, another,trying trying and macro macro organisms organisms or or heated heated to to above above been and toget getthe theharvest harvestin inbefore beforethe thesnow snowflies flies 130 degrees degrees for for aa period period of of time. time. EnsilEnsilto 130 whilenature naturejust justwon’t won’tcooperate. cooperate. UnUning the the moldy moldy bales bales will will generally generally not not while ing fortunately,two twoheifer heifercalves calvesdied diedafter after degrade the the toxin. toxin. The The Food Food and and Drug Drug fortunately, degrade beingfed fedaabale baleof ofthis thisforage. forage.We Wesent sentthe the Administration Administration (FDA) (FDA) does does not not have have being sampleto tothe theNDSU NDSUVeterinary VeterinaryDiagnostic Diagnostic recommended recommended guidelines guidelines for for feeding feeding T-2 T-2 sample Laboratoryin inFargo, Fargo,where wheretoxicologist, toxicologist, and HT-2 HT-2 toxin toxin contaminated contaminated feeds feeds to to Laboratory and Dr.Michelle MichelleMostrom Mostromran ranaamycotoxin mycotoxin livestock. However, However, several several guidelines guidelines Dr. livestock. screenon onthe thecorn. corn. have been been published. published. screen have Theconditions conditionsjust justhappened happenedto tobe be The North North Dakota Dakota State State University University The The rightfor forthe theprobable probablegrowth growthof ofmycotoxin mycotoxin Veterinary Veterinary Diagnostic Diagnostic Labs Labs recommends recommends right producingfungi fungion onthis thiscorn, corn,Fusarium Fusarium not exceeding exceeding two two ppm ppm (parts (parts per per million) million) producing not sporotrichiodesand andFusarium Fusariumpoae. poae. T-2 toxin toxin (and/or (and/or HT-2 HT-2 toxin) toxin) in in the the final final sporotrichiodes T-2 Fusariumfungi fungioccur occurnaturally naturallyin inour ourenenration for for pregnant pregnant cattle cattle and and not not exceedexceedFusarium ration vironmentand andusually usuallyhelp helpto tobreak breakdown down ing four four to to five five ppm ppm T-2 T-2 toxin toxin in in the the final final vironment ing cropresidue residuein inthe thesoil soilbut butthese thesespecific specific ration for for feeder feeder calves calves (Vet (Vet Clin Clin Food Food crop ration moldsbecome becomevery veryactive activewhen whenthere thereisis Anim 27 27 (2011) (2011) 315-344). 315-344). IfIf aa cattle cattle propromolds Anim sufficientwater waterand andhumidity humidity(less (lessthan than ducer decides decides to to feed feed moldy moldy feedstuffs, feedstuffs, itit sufficient ducer 70percent), percent),cool cooldaytime daytimetemperatures temperatures highly recommended recommended that that the the affected affected 70 isis highly (60--85 85degrees) degrees)and andcold coldnights nights(32 (32--48 48 forage be be diluted diluted significantly significantly with with clean clean (60 forage degrees).The Themolds moldsgrew grewwell wellin inthe thefield field hay and and ground ground to to distribute distribute the the toxin(s) toxin(s) degrees). hay cornand andthrived thrivedin inthe thebales balesbecause becausethere there more more evenly evenly throughout throughout the the ration. ration. There There corn wassufficient sufficientoxygen oxygenand andaahigher higherpH pH no antidote antidote for for T-2 T-2 and and HT-2 HT-2 poisoning poisoning was isis no environment. and adding adding binder binder to to the the forage forage does does not not environment. and Thesemolds moldsdo donot notgrow growwell wellon oneneninactivate the the toxic toxic compound. compound. These inactivate siledproducts productsbecause becauseof ofthe theanaerobic anaerobicand and you suspect suspect mycotoxins mycotoxins in in your your forforsiled IfIf you acidicconditions conditionsfound foundin inthe thefermentafermentaages, please please bring bring aa sample sample to to your your local local acidic ages, tionprocess. process.The Themold moldgrows growsparticularly particularly MSU Extension Extension office office for for analysis. analysis. The The tion MSU wellon onthe theimmature immaturecorn corncobs cobswhich whichalso also cost cost for for aa mycotoxin mycotoxin screen screen isis only only $90 $90 well happento tobe bethe thetastiest tastiestpart partof ofthe theplant plant per sample, sample, far far cheaper cheaper than than losing losing an an happen per forcattle. cattle.These Thesefungi fungihave havebeen beenfound foundin in animal. for animal.

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ESETH CATTLE ATTLE CO O. VESETH AND G GUESTS UESTS AND

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THURSDAYâ—?FEBRUARY 13, 13, 2014â—?1:00 2014â—?1:00 PM PM THURSDAYâ—?FEBRUARY GLASGOW STOCKYARDS STOCKYARDS â—?â—? GLASGOW, GLASGOW, MT MT GLASGOW Curt and and Sue SueWittkopp Wittkopp â—?â—? Circle, Circle, MT MT Curt Home (406) (406) 485-3552 485-3552 â—?â—? Cell Cell (406) (406) 974-3552 974-3552 Home


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An AnIndustry Industry In InTransition Transition

It wasIt the wasmost the most successful New New successful Trends in Agin Ag Trends seminar hosted seminar hosted by the byGlasgow the Glasgow Chamber of of Chamber Commerce and and Commerce Agriculture. Agriculture. Around 150 150 Around people attended people attended the annual eventevent the annual Jan. 15 theat the Jan.at15 Cottonwood Inn. Inn. Cottonwood

Glenn Rohde won thethe National Corn Glenn Rohde won National Corn Growers Association Dryland Corn Growers Association Dryland Corn Yield Contest thisthis year forfor nonYield Contest year nonirrigated in the state of of Montana. irrigated in the state Montana. HeHe andand hishis wife, Lori, willwill have thethe wife, Lori, have opportunity to to travel to to SanSan Antonio, opportunity travel Antonio, Texas, forfor a national convention at at Texas, a national convention thethe endend of February. of February.

Glasgow Glasgowseminar seminarFocuses Focuseson on new and new andFuture Futuretrends; trends;150 150attend attend BONNIE DAVIDSON / HI-LINE FARMFARM & RANCH BONNIE DAVIDSON / HI-LINE & RANCH

Hi-Line Ford, Hi-Line Ford, Inc.Inc. hilineford.com hilineford.com

Highway 2 – Box 1-866-528-2141 Highway 2 – Box 31 31 1-866-528-2141 Glasgow, MT 59230 406-236-1577 Glasgow, MT 59230 406-236-1577 Cell Cell 406-228-2141 406-228-4144 406-228-2141 406-228-4144 Fax Fax

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speech by by adding information andand askBY BONNIE DAvIDSON speech adding information askBY BONNIE DAvIDSON inging questions thatthat some of the crowd HI-LINE FARM & RANCH questions some of the crowd HI-LINE FARM & RANCH have wanted to know. Farmers andand some ranchers came to to might might have wanted to know. Farmers some ranchers came “We’re using technology andand thinkhearhear advice andand tipstips from speakers andand “We’re using technology thinkadvice from speakers about different ways we we cancan do do learn something newnew about the the industry about different ways learn something about industry inging jobjob of precision in spreading theythey all have a passion for.for. TheThe walls a better of precision in spreading all have a passion walls a better fertilizer,” Staples said. “We’re thinking were lined withwith chairs andand the the tables fertilizer,” Staples said. “We’re thinking were lined chairs tables about using things differently, andand were fullfull at the Cottonwood InnInn in Glasmore about using things differently, were at the Cottonwood in Glas-more wayway we we think about technology.” gowgow on Jan. 15 as from all all over in the think about technology.” on Jan. 15 people as people from over in the He He explained to the crowd thatthat techeastern Montana andand beyond showed explained to the crowd techeastern Montana beyond showed wasn’t as quickly adapted in the up for the the New Trends in Agriculture nology wasn’t as quickly adapted in the up for New Trends in Agriculture nology past. He He saidsaid it took thethe telephone 75 75 seminar. past. it took telephone seminar. years to be 10 10 years forfor thethe in- inGlasgow Chamber of Commerce years to adapted, be adapted, years Glasgow Chamber of Commerce andand seven years for for thethe cellcell phone Director LisaLisa OlkOlk saidsaid it was the the most ternet seven years phone Director it was most ternet used. successful New Trends in Ag they’ve to widely be widely used. successful New Trends in Ag they’ve to be He He thenthen explained thatthat when thethe heldheld since the the beginning. LastLast yearyear 87 87 explained when since beginning. of the guidance andand auto steer people attended. ThisThis year, more thanthan release release of the guidance auto steer people attended. year, more thethe market in 2001, it only took 125125 tickets were sold, andand withwith staff, entered market in 2001, it only took tickets were sold, staff, entered years to become adopted. Much chemical dealers, implement dealers years to become adopted. Much of of chemical dealers, implement dealers andandfivefive audience raised their hands when speakers in attendance, total added the the audience raised their hands when speakers in attendance, the the total added asked if they of the technology uparound to around people. asked if they hadhad useuse of the technology up to 150150 people. farm. “The weather to with do with the the farm. “The weather hashas a lota lot to do it –it – on on “What’s advising or apgood weather good roads,” “What’s thethe costcost for for advising or apwe we hadhad good weather andand good roads,” plying current technology?” Lehr said. plying thethe current technology?” Lehr OlkOlk said. asked Staples. Speakers such as Jay Lehr Mark asked Staples. Speakers such as Jay Lehr andand Mark went to explain there were Gold gave farmers ranchers sound He He went on on to explain thatthat there were Gold gave farmers andand ranchers sound variations depending crops talked about seeking depending on on thethe crops andand tipstips andand talked a lota lot about seeking out-out- variations what needed, could advice as the industry changed what waswas needed, butbut thethe costcost could be be sideside advice as the industry hashas changed or less an acre they quickly a short span of time. Manag- $10$10 or less an acre andand thatthat they sawsaw a a quickly in ainshort span of time. Managto one return most of their time, working retailers fivefive to one return for for most of their cli-cliing ing time, working withwith retailers andand ents. Lehr added need more marketing your products important ents. Lehr added thatthat thethe need forfor more marketing your products are are important innovated companies Echelon ways farms to survive. innovated companies likelike Echelon waswas ways for for the the farms to survive. something to look forward Staples, director of Echelon to look forward to. to. TomTom Staples, director of Echelon at at something Lehr added agronomy Crop Production Services, some Lehr added thatthat agronomy hashas Crop Production Services, hadhad some changed so much in the decade interesting views on what farming changed so much in the lastlast decade thatthat veryvery interesting views on what farming anyone who went to school for a degree in the future could look like. Staples anyone who went to school for a degree in the future could look like. Staples subject could throw their degree crowd he always wanted on on the the subject could throw their degree toldtold the the crowd thatthat he always wanted away, as much of the information to farm in the family farm in Saskatch- away, as much of the information hashas to farm in the family farm in Saskatchchanged. more technology ewan, Canada, parents As As more technology andand dif-difewan, Canada, but but his his parents toldtold himhim changed. ferent ways to improve things enter to leave for two years before he made ferent ways to improve things enter thethe to leave for two years before he made market it will effect crop yields, which decision. never quite made market it will effect crop yields, which thatthat decision. He He never quite made it it affect markets. back to the farm, he continued in thewillwill alsoalso affect thethe markets. back to the farm, but but he continued in the Staples ended discussion with ag industry. Staples ended his his discussion with ag industry. a look what future might explained he left a look intointo what thethe future might be be – – He He explained howhow he left his his jobjob from drones over crops to spray, in 2007, in the fertilizer business, drones thatthat fly fly over crops to spray, in 2007, in the fertilizer business, andand from to much smaller drones could began company using to much smaller drones thatthat could fly fly to to began his his ownown company thatthat waswas using individual plants collect data. Farmtechnology to help farmers figure plants andand collect data. Farmtechnology to help farmers figure outout individual could more hybrids variety to grow better crops using variable ers ers could seesee more hybrids andand variety howhow to grow better crops using variable in their seeds and crops, and weather rate technology and precision agriculin their seeds and crops, and weather rate technology and precision agriculsystems could be predicted farther been helping some local systems could be predicted farther outout ture.ture. He He hashas been helping some local become more accurate. believed farmers in eastern Montana with andand become more accurate. He He believed farmers herehere in eastern Montana with eventually different farm equipment using satellite images field evalu- thatthat eventually different farm equipment using satellite images for for field evalucould essentially talk with each other ation. He also has been cutting down could essentially talk with each other ation. He also has been cutting down to become more efficient in areas samples by using imagery more efficient in areas on on thethe soilsoil samples by using the the imagery andand to become field might need more fertilizer increasing efficiency of crops. field thatthat might need more fertilizer or or increasing efficiency of crops. weeding. Lehr involved Staples’ weeding. Lehr waswas involved withwith Staples’

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GlennRohde Rohdetakes takesFirst FirstInInMontana Montana Glenn Drylandcorn cornYield Yieldcompetition competition Dryland BY BONNIE DAvIDSON sion Agent Shelley Mills decided help BY BONNIE DAvIDSON sion Agent Shelley Mills decided to to help HI-LINE FARM & RANCH him enter National Corn Growers HI-LINE FARM & RANCH him enter in in thethe National Corn Growers corn is not Association Dryland Corn Yield Contest. hilehile corn is not oneone of of thethe Association Dryland Corn Yield Contest. popular crops to grow in He took first place this year for the state popular crops to grow in He took first place this year for the state Northeastern Montana, a few of of Montana non-irrigated. came Northeastern Montana, a few Montana forfor non-irrigated. HeHe came have given a try. area here with 147.4 bushels acre this past have given it aittry. TheThe area here hashas hailhail outout with 147.4 bushels perper acre this past worries, a shorter growing season growing season. The average dryland worries, a shorter growing season andand growing season. The average forfor dryland unpredictable weather in spring is 102 bushels acre. unpredictable weather in spring andand fallfall is 102 bushels perper acre. that can make the crop a challenge. “That’s an incredible yield dryland that can make the crop a challenge. “That’s an incredible yield forfor dryland Glenn Rohde, Glasgow, decided corn,” Mills said. Glenn Rohde, of of Glasgow, decided to to corn,” Mills said. give a try four years ago. hard work While While there several categories give it aittry four years ago. HisHis hard work there areare several categories to to paid off this last year as MSU ExtenCONTINUED PAGE paid off this last year as MSU ExtenCONTINUED ONON PAGE 9 9

W W

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YOU’RE YOU’REREADING READING HI-LINE HI-LINEFARM FARM&&RANCH RANCH–– THE THEAGAGMONTHLY MONTHLYFOR FORNORTHEAST NORTHEAST &&NORTH NORTHCENTRAL CENTRALMONTANA. MONTANA.


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February 2014 February 2014 February 2014

FARM &&RANCH RANCH FARM FARM& RANCH

An AnIndustry Industry In InTransition Transition

It wasIt the wasmost the most successful New New successful Trends in Agin Ag Trends seminar hosted seminar hosted by the byGlasgow the Glasgow Chamber of of Chamber Commerce and and Commerce Agriculture. Agriculture. Around 150 150 Around people attended people attended the annual eventevent the annual Jan. 15 theat the Jan.at15 Cottonwood Inn. Inn. Cottonwood

Glenn Rohde won thethe National Corn Glenn Rohde won National Corn Growers Association Dryland Corn Growers Association Dryland Corn Yield Contest thisthis year forfor nonYield Contest year nonirrigated in the state of of Montana. irrigated in the state Montana. HeHe andand hishis wife, Lori, willwill have thethe wife, Lori, have opportunity to to travel to to SanSan Antonio, opportunity travel Antonio, Texas, forfor a national convention at at Texas, a national convention thethe endend of February. of February.

Glasgow Glasgowseminar seminarFocuses Focuseson on new and new andFuture Futuretrends; trends;150 150attend attend BONNIE DAVIDSON / HI-LINE FARMFARM & RANCH BONNIE DAVIDSON / HI-LINE & RANCH

Hi-Line Ford, Hi-Line Ford, Inc.Inc. hilineford.com hilineford.com

Highway 2 – Box 1-866-528-2141 Highway 2 – Box 31 31 1-866-528-2141 Glasgow, MT 59230 406-236-1577 Glasgow, MT 59230 406-236-1577 Cell Cell 406-228-2141 406-228-4144 406-228-2141 406-228-4144 Fax Fax

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speech by by adding information andand askBY BONNIE DAvIDSON speech adding information askBY BONNIE DAvIDSON inging questions thatthat some of the crowd HI-LINE FARM & RANCH questions some of the crowd HI-LINE FARM & RANCH have wanted to know. Farmers andand some ranchers came to to might might have wanted to know. Farmers some ranchers came “We’re using technology andand thinkhearhear advice andand tipstips from speakers andand “We’re using technology thinkadvice from speakers about different ways we we cancan do do learn something newnew about the the industry about different ways learn something about industry inging jobjob of precision in spreading theythey all have a passion for.for. TheThe walls a better of precision in spreading all have a passion walls a better fertilizer,” Staples said. “We’re thinking were lined withwith chairs andand the the tables fertilizer,” Staples said. “We’re thinking were lined chairs tables about using things differently, andand were fullfull at the Cottonwood InnInn in Glasmore about using things differently, were at the Cottonwood in Glas-more wayway we we think about technology.” gowgow on Jan. 15 as from all all over in the think about technology.” on Jan. 15 people as people from over in the He He explained to the crowd thatthat techeastern Montana andand beyond showed explained to the crowd techeastern Montana beyond showed wasn’t as quickly adapted in the up for the the New Trends in Agriculture nology wasn’t as quickly adapted in the up for New Trends in Agriculture nology past. He He saidsaid it took thethe telephone 75 75 seminar. past. it took telephone seminar. years to be 10 10 years forfor thethe in- inGlasgow Chamber of Commerce years to adapted, be adapted, years Glasgow Chamber of Commerce andand seven years for for thethe cellcell phone Director LisaLisa OlkOlk saidsaid it was the the most ternet seven years phone Director it was most ternet used. successful New Trends in Ag they’ve to widely be widely used. successful New Trends in Ag they’ve to be He He thenthen explained thatthat when thethe heldheld since the the beginning. LastLast yearyear 87 87 explained when since beginning. of the guidance andand auto steer people attended. ThisThis year, more thanthan release release of the guidance auto steer people attended. year, more thethe market in 2001, it only took 125125 tickets were sold, andand withwith staff, entered market in 2001, it only took tickets were sold, staff, entered years to become adopted. Much chemical dealers, implement dealers years to become adopted. Much of of chemical dealers, implement dealers andandfivefive audience raised their hands when speakers in attendance, total added the the audience raised their hands when speakers in attendance, the the total added asked if they of the technology uparound to around people. asked if they hadhad useuse of the technology up to 150150 people. farm. “The weather to with do with the the farm. “The weather hashas a lota lot to do it –it – on on “What’s advising or apgood weather good roads,” “What’s thethe costcost for for advising or apwe we hadhad good weather andand good roads,” plying current technology?” Lehr said. plying thethe current technology?” Lehr OlkOlk said. asked Staples. Speakers such as Jay Lehr Mark asked Staples. Speakers such as Jay Lehr andand Mark went to explain there were Gold gave farmers ranchers sound He He went on on to explain thatthat there were Gold gave farmers andand ranchers sound variations depending crops talked about seeking depending on on thethe crops andand tipstips andand talked a lota lot about seeking out-out- variations what needed, could advice as the industry changed what waswas needed, butbut thethe costcost could be be sideside advice as the industry hashas changed or less an acre they quickly a short span of time. Manag- $10$10 or less an acre andand thatthat they sawsaw a a quickly in ainshort span of time. Managto one return most of their time, working retailers fivefive to one return for for most of their cli-cliing ing time, working withwith retailers andand ents. Lehr added need more marketing your products important ents. Lehr added thatthat thethe need forfor more marketing your products are are important innovated companies Echelon ways farms to survive. innovated companies likelike Echelon waswas ways for for the the farms to survive. something to look forward Staples, director of Echelon to look forward to. to. TomTom Staples, director of Echelon at at something Lehr added agronomy Crop Production Services, some Lehr added thatthat agronomy hashas Crop Production Services, hadhad some changed so much in the decade interesting views on what farming changed so much in the lastlast decade thatthat veryvery interesting views on what farming anyone who went to school for a degree in the future could look like. Staples anyone who went to school for a degree in the future could look like. Staples subject could throw their degree crowd he always wanted on on the the subject could throw their degree toldtold the the crowd thatthat he always wanted away, as much of the information to farm in the family farm in Saskatch- away, as much of the information hashas to farm in the family farm in Saskatchchanged. more technology ewan, Canada, parents As As more technology andand dif-difewan, Canada, but but his his parents toldtold himhim changed. ferent ways to improve things enter to leave for two years before he made ferent ways to improve things enter thethe to leave for two years before he made market it will effect crop yields, which decision. never quite made market it will effect crop yields, which thatthat decision. He He never quite made it it affect markets. back to the farm, he continued in thewillwill alsoalso affect thethe markets. back to the farm, but but he continued in the Staples ended discussion with ag industry. Staples ended his his discussion with ag industry. a look what future might explained he left a look intointo what thethe future might be be – – He He explained howhow he left his his jobjob from drones over crops to spray, in 2007, in the fertilizer business, drones thatthat fly fly over crops to spray, in 2007, in the fertilizer business, andand from to much smaller drones could began company using to much smaller drones thatthat could fly fly to to began his his ownown company thatthat waswas using individual plants collect data. Farmtechnology to help farmers figure plants andand collect data. Farmtechnology to help farmers figure outout individual could more hybrids variety to grow better crops using variable ers ers could seesee more hybrids andand variety howhow to grow better crops using variable in their seeds and crops, and weather rate technology and precision agriculin their seeds and crops, and weather rate technology and precision agriculsystems could be predicted farther been helping some local systems could be predicted farther outout ture.ture. He He hashas been helping some local become more accurate. believed farmers in eastern Montana with andand become more accurate. He He believed farmers herehere in eastern Montana with eventually different farm equipment using satellite images field evalu- thatthat eventually different farm equipment using satellite images for for field evalucould essentially talk with each other ation. He also has been cutting down could essentially talk with each other ation. He also has been cutting down to become more efficient in areas samples by using imagery more efficient in areas on on thethe soilsoil samples by using the the imagery andand to become field might need more fertilizer increasing efficiency of crops. field thatthat might need more fertilizer or or increasing efficiency of crops. weeding. Lehr involved Staples’ weeding. Lehr waswas involved withwith Staples’

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GlennRohde Rohdetakes takesFirst FirstInInMontana Montana Glenn Drylandcorn cornYield Yieldcompetition competition Dryland BY BONNIE DAvIDSON sion Agent Shelley Mills decided help BY BONNIE DAvIDSON sion Agent Shelley Mills decided to to help HI-LINE FARM & RANCH him enter National Corn Growers HI-LINE FARM & RANCH him enter in in thethe National Corn Growers corn is not Association Dryland Corn Yield Contest. hilehile corn is not oneone of of thethe Association Dryland Corn Yield Contest. popular crops to grow in He took first place this year for the state popular crops to grow in He took first place this year for the state Northeastern Montana, a few of of Montana non-irrigated. came Northeastern Montana, a few Montana forfor non-irrigated. HeHe came have given a try. area here with 147.4 bushels acre this past have given it aittry. TheThe area here hashas hailhail outout with 147.4 bushels perper acre this past worries, a shorter growing season growing season. The average dryland worries, a shorter growing season andand growing season. The average forfor dryland unpredictable weather in spring is 102 bushels acre. unpredictable weather in spring andand fallfall is 102 bushels perper acre. that can make the crop a challenge. “That’s an incredible yield dryland that can make the crop a challenge. “That’s an incredible yield forfor dryland Glenn Rohde, Glasgow, decided corn,” Mills said. Glenn Rohde, of of Glasgow, decided to to corn,” Mills said. give a try four years ago. hard work While While there several categories give it aittry four years ago. HisHis hard work there areare several categories to to paid off this last year as MSU ExtenCONTINUED PAGE paid off this last year as MSU ExtenCONTINUED ONON PAGE 9 9

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SHELLEYMILLS MILLS corn,wheat, wheat,barley, barley,wet wetgrasses grassesand andmilo milo SHELLEY corn, MSUExTENSION ExTENSIONAGENT AGENT//vALLEY vALLEYCOUNTY COUNTY andthey theycan canbe beaaproblem problemin incrops cropsthat that MSU and Propermoisture moisturelevels levelsfor forharvesting harvesting havehad hadhail haildamage. damage. Proper have aremore moreimportant importantthan thanyou youcan canimagine, imagine, Whilethe themold molditself itselfisisgenerally generallynot not are While particularlywhere whereforages foragesare areconcerned. concerned. problem(mold (moldspores sporescan canirritate irritatethe the particularly aaproblem Manyproducers producerswill willopt optto toharvest harvestan animimrespiratorysystem), system),ififthe themold moldisisstressed stressed Many respiratory matureor orpoor poorcrop cropfor forforage, forage,rather ratherthan than by bynear nearfreezing freezingtemperatures temperaturesas asititfeeds feeds mature seeititgo goto towaste, waste,but butbeware beware––aadangerdangerandgrows growson onthe thematrix, matrix,ititproduces producesvarivarisee and ouscharacter charactermay maybe beliving livingon onyour yourcrop. crop. oustoxins, toxins,including includingT-2 T-2and andHT-2 HT-2toxins. toxins. ous ous Manyfungi fungiare arepresent presentin inthe thesoil soiland andin in Thesetoxins toxinscan canaffect affectthe therapidly rapidlydividing dividing Many These theenvironment environmentand andmost mostdo donot notcause causeaa cellsof ofliving livingorganisms. organisms.T-2 T-2and andHT-2 HT-2 the cells problem,but butififthe theconditions conditionsare arejust justright right will willcause causeskin skinerosions erosionsand andulcers ulcersin inthe the problem, thesesaprophytic saprophyticfungi fungiwill willproduce producetoxins toxins mouth, mouth,throat, throat,stomach stomachand andsmall smallintestine; intestine; these thatmay mayaffect affectyour yourherd herdhealth. health. depressesthe theregenerative regenerativeprocess process that depresses SHELLEY SHELLEY Recentlyaasample sampleof ofcorn corn inbone bonemarrow marrowand andspleen; spleen;and and Recently in MILLS MILLS baledfor forforage forageto tobe beused usedfor for impairsimmune immunesystem systemfunction. function. baled impairs wintercattle cattlefeed feedrations rationswas was Becausethese thesetoxins toxinsaffect affect winter Because broughtinto intothe theValley ValleyCounty County activelydividing dividingcells, cells,they theycan can brought actively MSUExtension Extensionoffice. office.The The crossthe theplacenta placentaand andcause cause MSU cross samplewas wasfrom fromaacrop cropof offield field significantdamage damageto tofetuses fetusesand and sample significant cornthat thathad hadbeen beenplanted plantedlate late younganimals animalsthat thatare arestill stillmaturmaturcorn young andwas wasimmature immatureatatharvest. harvest. ing.Symptoms Symptomsin inanimals animalsare: are: and ing. Thecobs cobshad hadjust justbegun begunto toform form weightloss, loss,poor poorfeed feedutilization, utilization, The weight onthe theplants plantsand andwinter winterwas wasfast fast lackof ofappetite, appetite,vomiting, vomiting,bloody bloody on lack approaching.The Theweather weatherwas was diarrhea,abortion abortionand anddeath. death.Even Even approaching. diarrhea, MSUEXTENSION EXTENSION handling this forage can result in MSU notcooperating cooperatingand andititrained rained not handling this forage can result in VALLEYCOUNTY COUNTY skin VALLEY onthe thecrop cropbefore beforeititwas wascut cut skinerosions erosionson onthe thehands. hands.MoMoon in mid-October. It rained again nogastricanimals animalsand andpoultry poultryare are in mid-October. It rained again nogastric whileititwas wasin inthe thewindrow windrowand and muchmore moresensitive sensitiveto tothe thetoxin toxin while much therewere wereseveral severalplug-ups plug-upswhile whilebaling baling thanruminants. ruminants. there than whichresulted resultedin inwet wetand andpoorly poorlybaled baledhay. hay. These toxins toxins appear appear to to be be stable stable in in the the which These Toadd addinsult insultto toinjury injuryititrained rainedon onitit environment and and will will not not degrade degrade unless unless To environment againas asthe thebales balessat satin inthe thefield. field.We’ve We’veall all allowed allowed to to be be broken broken down down by by soil soil micro micro again beenhere hereatatsome somepoint pointor oranother, another,trying trying and macro macro organisms organisms or or heated heated to to above above been and toget getthe theharvest harvestin inbefore beforethe thesnow snowflies flies 130 degrees degrees for for aa period period of of time. time. EnsilEnsilto 130 whilenature naturejust justwon’t won’tcooperate. cooperate. UnUning the the moldy moldy bales bales will will generally generally not not while ing fortunately,two twoheifer heifercalves calvesdied diedafter after degrade the the toxin. toxin. The The Food Food and and Drug Drug fortunately, degrade beingfed fedaabale baleof ofthis thisforage. forage.We Wesent sentthe the Administration Administration (FDA) (FDA) does does not not have have being sampleto tothe theNDSU NDSUVeterinary VeterinaryDiagnostic Diagnostic recommended recommended guidelines guidelines for for feeding feeding T-2 T-2 sample Laboratoryin inFargo, Fargo,where wheretoxicologist, toxicologist, and HT-2 HT-2 toxin toxin contaminated contaminated feeds feeds to to Laboratory and Dr.Michelle MichelleMostrom Mostromran ranaamycotoxin mycotoxin livestock. However, However, several several guidelines guidelines Dr. livestock. screenon onthe thecorn. corn. have been been published. published. screen have Theconditions conditionsjust justhappened happenedto tobe be The North North Dakota Dakota State State University University The The rightfor forthe theprobable probablegrowth growthof ofmycotoxin mycotoxin Veterinary Veterinary Diagnostic Diagnostic Labs Labs recommends recommends right producingfungi fungion onthis thiscorn, corn,Fusarium Fusarium not exceeding exceeding two two ppm ppm (parts (parts per per million) million) producing not sporotrichiodesand andFusarium Fusariumpoae. poae. T-2 toxin toxin (and/or (and/or HT-2 HT-2 toxin) toxin) in in the the final final sporotrichiodes T-2 Fusariumfungi fungioccur occurnaturally naturallyin inour ourenenration for for pregnant pregnant cattle cattle and and not not exceedexceedFusarium ration vironmentand andusually usuallyhelp helpto tobreak breakdown down ing four four to to five five ppm ppm T-2 T-2 toxin toxin in in the the final final vironment ing cropresidue residuein inthe thesoil soilbut butthese thesespecific specific ration for for feeder feeder calves calves (Vet (Vet Clin Clin Food Food crop ration moldsbecome becomevery veryactive activewhen whenthere thereisis Anim 27 27 (2011) (2011) 315-344). 315-344). IfIf aa cattle cattle propromolds Anim sufficientwater waterand andhumidity humidity(less (lessthan than ducer decides decides to to feed feed moldy moldy feedstuffs, feedstuffs, itit sufficient ducer 70percent), percent),cool cooldaytime daytimetemperatures temperatures highly recommended recommended that that the the affected affected 70 isis highly (60--85 85degrees) degrees)and andcold coldnights nights(32 (32--48 48 forage be be diluted diluted significantly significantly with with clean clean (60 forage degrees).The Themolds moldsgrew grewwell wellin inthe thefield field hay and and ground ground to to distribute distribute the the toxin(s) toxin(s) degrees). hay cornand andthrived thrivedin inthe thebales balesbecause becausethere there more more evenly evenly throughout throughout the the ration. ration. There There corn wassufficient sufficientoxygen oxygenand andaahigher higherpH pH no antidote antidote for for T-2 T-2 and and HT-2 HT-2 poisoning poisoning was isis no environment. and adding adding binder binder to to the the forage forage does does not not environment. and Thesemolds moldsdo donot notgrow growwell wellon oneneninactivate the the toxic toxic compound. compound. These inactivate siledproducts productsbecause becauseof ofthe theanaerobic anaerobicand and you suspect suspect mycotoxins mycotoxins in in your your forforsiled IfIf you acidicconditions conditionsfound foundin inthe thefermentafermentaages, please please bring bring aa sample sample to to your your local local acidic ages, tionprocess. process.The Themold moldgrows growsparticularly particularly MSU Extension Extension office office for for analysis. analysis. The The tion MSU wellon onthe theimmature immaturecorn corncobs cobswhich whichalso also cost cost for for aa mycotoxin mycotoxin screen screen isis only only $90 $90 well happento tobe bethe thetastiest tastiestpart partof ofthe theplant plant per sample, sample, far far cheaper cheaper than than losing losing an an happen per forcattle. cattle.These Thesefungi fungihave havebeen beenfound foundin in animal. for animal.

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4 4 February 2014 February 2014 February 2014 4

FARM FAMILY STRESS ISIS INEVITABLE, BUT ITS TOLL ISIS NOT FARM FAMILY STRESS INEVITABLE, BUT ITS TOLL NOT

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9 99 February 2014 February 2014 February 2014

peatedly meet meet their goals, so their activity and pleasure in usual ingness to initiate contact with the peatedly their goals, so self-esteem their self-esteem • Reduced • Reduced activity and pleasure in usual ingness to initiate contact withcommunity the community CONTINUED FROM PAGE 4 concentration and inability to make deci-decistaysstays high.high. This This is important because the the activities: “Doing anything is justis too resource (“How do you seeking help help concentration and inability to make is important because activities: “Doing anything justmuch too much resource (“How dofeel youabout feel about seeking sions.sions. greater your your conďŹ dence, the more likelylikely you you of anof effort.â€? from from this person/agency?â€?) greater conďŹ dence, the more an effort.â€? this person/agency?â€?) • Emotional signs:signs: sadness, depression, are toare usetoavailable resources effectively. • People problems: “I don’t want want anyone to to 6. Where the person or family is unwilling • Emotional sadness, depression, use available resources effectively. • People problems: “I don’t anyone 6. Where the person or family is unwilling bitterness, anger,anger, anxiety, loss of and and SUCCESSFUL STRESSSTRESS MANAGERS see me,â€? “I feel“Iso lonely.â€? to take the initiative or where ther is some bitterness, anxiety, lossspirit of spirit SUCCESSFUL MANAGERS see me,â€? feel so lonely.â€? to take the initiative or where ther is some loss of humor. FOR HI-LINE FARM FARM & RANCH Gary Gary Funk,Funk, Martin Fast, Fast, BrianBrian and Becky ThoseThose who who are successful stressstress managproblems: Sleeping problems, danger if action is notistaken, you should take take loss of humor. FOR HI-LINE & RANCH Martin and Becky are successful manag- • Physical • Physical problems: Sleeping problems, danger if action not taken, you should • Self• esteem signs:signs: The person mightmight say, say, Hi-Line ranchers LexieLexie Haynes, Walter Johnston, Leo and Bergtoll, CraigCraig ers: ers: CONTINUED decreased interest, headaches. the Mills initiative: Self esteem The person said said that the has has up the work with Glenn and headaches. has on on FROMFROM PAGE 7PAGE 7 Hi-Line ranchers Haynes, Walter Johnston, LeoDarrel and Darrel Bergtoll, decreased sexual interest, the Mills initiative: thatresearch the research up thesexual work with Glenn and been has been CONTINUED “I’m “I’m a failure,â€? “I blew it,â€? orit,â€? “Why can’t can’t I ... Ienter OzarkOzark and James Murdock trekked nearlynearly Sibley, John John Fahlgren, Jimmy Murdock, Are self-aware. Know strengths, • Guilt and low self “It’s “It’s all my Call the agency toask to in •the suchKnow asyour irrigated a failure,â€? “I blew or “Why ... • enter shown that corn isand notisask aand good crop fortheto a learning curve. and James Murdock trekked Sibley, Fahlgren, Jimmy Murdock, Are self-aware. strengths, • Guilt and low esteem: self esteem: all my Call the agency to speak incontest, the contest, such asyour irrigated shown that corn not a speak good crop forthe a learning curve. (do various things)?â€? 600 miles to Belvidere, S.D., S.D., on a mid-JanJim Bowman, Bill Murdock, Walter Ozark, skills, andnon-irrigated, weaknesses. Know what isthat imporfault,â€? “IAs should beworked punished.â€? worker (ifarea. there isdoes one). (do various things)?â€? and non-irrigated, Rohde decided dryland in worker thein It makemake its its Asfault,â€? Glenn as a represen600 miles to Belvidere, on a mid-JanJim Bowman, Bill Murdock, Walter Ozark, skills, and weaknesses. Know what isthat impor“I has should beworked punished.â€? intake (ifarea. there one). and Rohde decided dryland the Itisdoes Glenn has as a represen- intake MANAGING STRESSSTRESS uary weekend to deliver cattlecattle donated from from Ty Murphy, Jim Murdock, ChadChad Remmich, tantwanted to you. Know where are going. Set Signs of area suicidal intent include: Identify and your with MANAGING he seetoKnow what heyou could do the as yourself a rotational crop andrelationship is sold tative and distributer forinclude: Pioneer uary weekend to deliver donated Ty Murphy, Jim Murdock, Remmich, tant totoyou. where you areingoing. Set Signs of area suicidal intent Identify and relationship your with he wanted see what he could do in the rounds as yourself a rotational crop and is sold tative and distributer for Pioneer rounds WhileWhile farm farm stressstress is inevitable, the toll Northeast Montana to twotoyoung ranchers Walt Walt Daley,Daley, DeanDean Barnes and Haynes. priorities and plan. Never bite off more than • Anxiety or decided depression: Severe, intense person orfeeding family. is inevitable, theittolllast it year. He worked with Mills from the than mostly for cattle. Glenn sold sold out out Seeds, he decided trytoa try corn hybrid –intense Northeast Montana two young ranchers Barnes and Haynes. priorities and plan. Never bite off more • Anxiety ortodepression: Severe, the person orfeeding family. last year. He worked with Mills from the mostly for cattle. Glenn Seeds, he a corn hybrid –the oftenoften exactsexacts on the and emotions of beginning who lost than 80 head of cattle in thein the Drs. Dallas and Patty Maxwell donated you can Cut onsure theondemands feelings ofmight anxiety or grow depression. what you the person’s or for famonhealth the health and emotions of tochew. make sure that the hisState corn this what year, mostly tothelocals, whomore lost more than 80 head of cattle Drs. Dallas and Patty Maxwell donated one that grow better in theinshorter youchew. can Cut down the process demands made feelings of will anxiety or depression. you think person’s or for fambeginning todown make that the made process hisState corn thisthink year, mostly to locals, one that better the shorter knowledge, further said that she beliewed or ranch without restrictions – unless it’s Labor’s proposed rulesmight destroy job opFOR FARM &sendRANCHRANCH knowledge, further said that she beliewed orwas ranch without restrictions –inunless it’s Labor’s proposed rules will destroy job opFOR farmers and their families is not. deadly AtlasAtlas stormstorm this past on all theHI-LINE cattle. AlsoFARM on you until you feel in control. • growing Withdrawal orMills isolation: Withdrawn, ily’s needs are said (needs immediate protection farmers and their families is not. deadly thisOctober. past October. their vet theirwork vet work on all theHI-LINE cattle. Also&sendcompleted correctly order to feed. He said that unlike his other crops, growing seasons. added that the on you until you feel in control. • Withdrawal or isolation: Withdrawn, ily’s needs are (needs immediate protection was completed correctly in order to feed. He that unlike his other crops, seasons. Mills added that the programs will be a large part their their parents’ place.place. portunities for young people and damage the the What’s going to happen with the “conservation programs will be a large part forofyoung people and damage What’s to happen withFarm the Farm “conservation Researchers have identiďŹ ed hardy indiThe young Dakota ranchers, FrankFrank and and ing cash donations weregoing Lynn Simonson •parents’ Are relaxed. Take walks. SpendSpend time time on portunities alone,growing lack friends and supports. suicidal acts, needs an appointment Researchers have identiďŹ ed hardy indiThe young Dakota ranchers, ing cash donations were Lynn Simonson make a •fair corn from takessuicidal more management. He has to growing days need with the supports. proper corn cornfrom Are relaxed. Take walks. on alone, lack of friends and acts, needs an appointment make a entry. fair entry. corn takes more management. Hefor has for to days need with the proper of theofcuts, with reductions incan Conservation “That leaves out aunts, uncles, grandnation’s economy. Bill and the Department of Labor’s overthe cuts, with reductions in Conservation “That leaves out aunts, uncles, grandnation’s economy. Bill and the Department of Labor’s overviduals--people who handle much more ColterColter Carlson, and their families lost the and Jesse Simonson and Jeremy and Mary hobbies. Talk to others. Take naps. Pray or • Helpless and hopeless: Sense of complete counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). viduals--people who can handle much more Carlson, and their families lost the andreach Jesse Simonson and Jeremy and Mary Mills explained that in order to be in hobbies. Talk to others. Take naps. Pray or • Helpless and hopeless: Sense of complete counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). be out checking the crop at least once is 86 days. Glenn found a variety that Mills explained that in order to be in be out checking the crop at least once is 86 days. Glenn found a variety that Reserve Program land. land. ThereThere is land in CRP parents, or even having a neighbor kid over “The “The Department of Labor’s reasoning on “child laborâ€?laborâ€? were were hot topics Reserve Program is land in CRP parents, or even having a neighbor kid over Department of Labor’s reasoning reach on “child hot topics stressstress than others without the illthe effects. ThreeThree majority of their herdsherds in theinstorm. The The Kate Kate Tihista. meditate. Read for fun. Breathe deeply andplot powerlessness, feeling. State what you think the no person’s or famthan others without majority of their the storm. Tihista. meditate. for fun. Breathe deeply and powerlessness, hopeless feeling. State what yousure think theproblems person’s or famsheRead had to table a small plot a week to make sure that could grow inisa79hopeless tolike maturity. the she had to Thatcher. table a small a week to make that no problems grow indays days to maturity. Stop by by andand visit erodible and should not even beill effects. help stack haycontest bales,â€? notes Thatcher. for these newcould policies that kids me, Stop visit during the Montana FarmFarm Bureau Conventhat isn’t erodible and not even be toare tothe helpcontest stack hay bales,â€? notes for these new policies isa79 that kids like me, during the Montana Bureau Conven- that isn’t characteristics theyshould have have in common youngyoung men men are nephews of Charlie and and The The much-appreciated cattlecattle were count to 1,000. • Alcohol abuse: There is often a link beily’s needs are (needs immediate protection characteristics they in common are are nephews of Charlie much-appreciated were count to 1,000. • Alcohol abuse: There is often a link beily’s needs are (needs immediate protection and enter the area. She went out to meaarise. Over the last four years it hasn’t been and enter the area. She went out to meaarise. Over the last four years it hasn’t been part of the program. There may be some cuts “Under the proposed rules kids under the the ones under 16, lack cognitive ability to tion Nov. 6-9 in Missoula. American Farm part of the program. There may be some cuts “Under the proposed rules kids under the the ones under 16, lack cognitive ability to tionnew Nov. 6-9 in Missoula. American Farm with us us about your commitment, control, and challenge. Highly with about your Kathleen (Murdock) Carlson. settledsettled into their and gave hope • Are Draw on several sources ofthe tween alcoholism and suicide. suicidal acts, needs an appointment for he commitment, control, and there challenge. Kathleen (Murdock) Carlson. into theirhomes new homes andDirector gave hope •involved. Are Draw onmilk several sources ofthese tween alcoholism and suicide. from suicidal acts, needs an appointment for sure thewouldn’t area and as they harvested the While he didn’t irrigate this year, he easy. One year the crop suffered hail hail from sure thebeinvolved. area and as harvested While he didn’t irrigate this year, easy. One year the crop suffered lands programs. Right now ageHighly ofage 16of wouldn’t able to bale hay, perform tasks. I have been working Bureau Public Policy Director Mary Kay Kay in working in working lands programs. Right now there 16 be able to they bale hay, milk perform these tasks. I have been working Bureau Public Policy Mary committed to the work they do, they have a Kathleen's sister, Lexie Haynes, of Saco, to the Carlson families trying to make it in personal satisfaction, such as family, hobbies, • Previous suicidal attempts: May have been counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). committed to the work they do, they have a Kathleen's sister, Lexie Haynes, of Saco, to the Carlson families trying to make it in personal satisfaction, such as family, hobbies, • Previous suicidal attempts: May have been counseling, needs ďŹ nancial or legal advice). combine had to pass through in strips had to irrigate the previous year several damage, another year it was damaged by combine had to pass through in strips had to irrigate the previous year several damage, another year it was damaged by are 23 conservation programs; Farm Bureau cows, help with newborn calves or suckling with animals, operating machinery and ridThatcher covered the ever-changing infor-inforSpring Needs are 23 conservation programs; Farm Bureau cows, help with newborn calves or suckling with animals, operating machinery and ridThatcher covered the ever-changing Spring Needs knack for turning problems into opportunities. put the word out inout Northeast Montana that that the cattle industry. and recreation. previous attempts of low tolow high lethality. Provide the agency withseason. background in- inknack for turning into opportunities. put the word in Northeast Montana themation cattle industry. and recreation. previous attempts of high lethality. Provide the agency with until they pulled The rows from due to the dry season. Hebackground said He’s only carried two crops has long a proponent of problems combining piglets, or even ride aride horse toacre. gather cattle. ing from horses allflood. my life and suddenly mytogood age until they pulled antoacre. The rows times due to the dry He said He’s carried two cropstimes aboutabout the Farm Bill. Bill. has been long been a proponent of combining piglets, or even aanhorse gather cattle. ingflood. horses all my lifeonly and suddenly my good age mation the Farm * Fertilizers * Fertilizers The Serenity Prayer expresses the feeling of she would pick up any donaawas great feeling to know how • Are active and productive. Make things • Suicidal plan: Frequent or constant formation (name, address and phone; age and The Serenity Prayer expresses the feeling of she would pickand updeliver and deliver any dona- "It was "ItAlthough a great feeling to know how • Are active and productive. Make things • Suicidal plan: Frequent or constant formation (name, address and phone; theand combine were not side by and side . is what pays pays attention to fertilizer. He age of four. Last year heability,’â€? had ahad better of them. I suspect that when the dust ranchers needwere to speak up determines ‘cognitive the so-called congressional the combine not side by and side . is out he also attention to fertilizer. Heand out of my four. Last year heability,’â€? a better he also of them. I suspect that when the dust Farmers Farmers and ranchers need to speak up what determines my ‘cognitive Although the so-called congressional somesome control they have: “God grant me the strength tions to these young ranchers. much these young families appreciated happen. Practice stress management during thoughts with a speciďŹ c plan in mind. gender; nature of current problem or crisis; any control they have: “God grant me the strength tions to these young ranchers. much these young families appreciated happen. Practice stress management during thoughts with a speciďŹ c plan in mind. gender; nature of current problem or crisis; * Soil Sampling clears, there will be ďŹ ve or less programs.â€? say how outrageous this is. Visit www.reguPrince said in his speech. “It’s more representative of the entire has approximately 300 acres in corn year. Prices were good and he had a “Super Committeeâ€? after the convention * Soil Sampling clears, there will be ďŹ ve or less programs.â€? say how outrageous is. Visit www.reguPrince said his speech. “It’s morethis representative of the entire has approximately 300 acres in corn any year.inPrices were good and he had a “Super Committeeâ€? after the convention toThatcher change the things Iacan thecomArea Area ranchers endedended up donating 20 20 someone thinking about them," Haynes FOR HI-LINE FARM &for RANCH goodto and bad times. Eat right, exercise, and Cries foryield. help: Making a will, giving posses past history you’re aware of; further informato change the things Ichange, can change, thelations.gov courage ranchers up donating someone thinking about them," Haynes FOR HI-LINE FARM &courage RANCH good and bad times. Eat right, exercise, and Cries forofhelp: Making akids will, giving posses past you’re of; further informaThatcher explained a proposal for comďŹ le comments on the rule.â€? Prince said because the work ag failed to come up with a deďŹ cit reduction field that way,â€? Mills said. “There was a fields andhistory he doesaware custom hay in high yield. This year there was a drop in explained proposal lations.gov to ďŹ le comments on the rule.â€? Prince said because of the work ag kids failed to come up with a deďŹ cit reduction field that way,â€? Mills said. “There was a fields andalso he also does custom hay in high This year there was a drop in *Chemicals *Chemicals toprograms, accept those things I with cannot change, and the head head of bred cowscows and heifer calvescalves to to said. said. "I plan can't thank everyone enough South Dakota rancher Frank Carlson feeds cattle donated from get enough sleep. •atsions away, making statements such as “I’m tion as called for). toprograms, accept those things I the cannot change, and the of bred and heifer "I as can't everyone enough for South Dakota rancher Frank Carlson feeds cattle donated from modity noting that cuts, Even the youth whosleep. would be doabout at do a prices young age, have awas strong work get enough • sions away, making statements such as “I’m tion as and called for). some expected, its earlier idea to cut modity noting that with the cuts, Even the youth who would affected a prices young age, they have astill strong work lot of measuring going on,affected itbe took about Roosevelt Valley counties. but they the yield very high. plan asthank some expected, itsfor earlier idea to cut lot of measuring going on, it took Roosevelt and Valley counties. but the yield was still very high. TheyThey include Kermit Flom,Flom, the donations." wisdom toright, know the difference.â€? *Seed & Seed Treatments Northeast Montana to those lost instill a the deadly storm. the cause. include Kermit the$23 donations." • three Use give support. Develop friendcalling it quits,â€? or responsibility. “Maybe my family wouldwould Ask the what what follow-up actionaction they they wisdom tothose know difference.â€? if it’s right, there can be safety laws are speaking out.support. During ethic, resourcefulness and *Seed & Seed Treatments the cause. Northeast Montana to replace lost in aadeadly storm. by these • and Use and give Develop friendcalling it quits,â€? or responsibility. “Maybe my family Askagency the agency follow-up billion out ofout theofUSDA budget drew ifdone it’sreplace done there can still be a safety bythree these laws are speaking out. During ethic, resourcefulness and $23 billion the USDA budget drew hours.â€? hours.â€? A agriculture. tough lessonlesson for many farmers is the that ships for help and comfort during periods of be better off without me.â€? will take: A tough for many farmers isMontana that net for agriculture. Farm Bureau Foundation’s “In a time when our country is battling comments from Thatcher. ships for help and comfort during periods of be better off without me.â€? will take: net for the Montana Farm Bureau Foundation’s “In a time when our country is battling comments from Thatcher. They also had to weigh the yield They also had to weigh the yield WeWe areare your dealer for for your dealer hard worktopic does not always lead to success. topic of discussion the Speech Contest, Prince from unemployment, a struggling and stress. HOW TO Aeconomy PERSON FOR HELP • When will they theonreferral? hard work notwas always lead toYouth success. “Agriculture is deďŹ nitely goinggoing to be to takAnother ofdoes discussion wasDethe DeYouth Speech Contest, Garett Prince from aREFER struggling and stress. HOW TO REFER Aeconomy PERSON FOR HELP • When will act theyonact the referral? “Agriculture is deďŹ nitely be tak- Another and test the Mills then comand testmoisture. the Garett moisture. Mills then com-unemployment, The ethic ingrained into the life Drummond of work Labor’s proposed restrictions onvery Drummond had ahad lot saytothe on that generation unmotivated youth, our gov• Spend time with Talk to each 1.ofBe aware of the and resources will be thebeperson for you contact The ethic ingrained into theon very life ing a ing good shareshare of cuts,â€? she said. “Howseed corn & alfalfa partment of work Labor’s proposed restrictions lot say onsoexact that exact generation unmotivated youth, our gov• Spend time with the family. Talk to each 1.of Be aware ofagencies the agencies and resources • Who• Who will the person fortoyou to contact a good of cuts,â€? she said. “How- partment seed corn & alfalfa pleted the paperwork sofamily. they could pleted theatopaperwork they could of every farmer does not always provide the children working in agriculture. Under the subject. ernment is going to un-employ thousands of ever, it’s better to deal with this now in this Š other and really listen. Express appreciation available in your community what services later if necessary? of every farmer does not always provide the children working in agriculture. Under the subject. ernment is going to un-employ thousands of A Stockmanship Seminar is planned for management factors we should consider in There are modest fees for individuals and ever, it’s better to deal with this now in this Š other and really listen. Express appreciation available in your community what services later if necessary? A Stockmanship Seminar is planned for management factors we should consider in There are modest fees for individuals and send send out the for the – Round-Up Ready Varieties – – outresults the results forcontest. the contest. – Round-Up Ready Varieties proposed rules, under theare age of 16 am years oldhybrid and help the hard-working individuals? just doesn’t rewards ityouth promises. For every farmer, there“Ithere committee waiting until next year.â€? proposed rules, under the age of 16 “Ionly am only 12corn years oldIhybrid and I run help runused the hard-working individuals? just doesn’t for each other often. they offer and what theirThat limitations are. are. • What will be thebecost theofservice (at (at rewards ityouth promises. For every farmer, committee than until next year.â€? couples. Feb. Feb. 17, from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. at theatMilk efforts to improve cowwaiting efficiency. Students and children free. for12 each other often. they offer and That what their limitations • What will the of cost the service 17, from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. the Milk efforts tothan improve cow efficiency. couples. Students and children are free. The Pioneer seed used was The Pioneer corn seed was would not be able to do any labor on a farm ranch that has been in my family for over make sense. I hope the Department of Labor Thatcher, basing her comments on current are conditions and factors that are out of his would not be able to do any labor on a farm ranch that has been in my family for over make sense. I hope the Department ofsymptoms Laborthat that Thatcher, basing her comments on current • Think positively. Encourage an overriding 2. Listen for signs and symptoms fee/sliding scale)? are conditions and factors that are out of his RiverRiver Pavilion in Malta. It’s an excellent op- op- Lunch will be served by thebyPhillips County AnnaAnna Merriman at 654-1297 or or • Think positively. Encourage an overriding 2. Listen for signs and fee/sliding scale)? Pavilion in Malta. It’s an excellent Lunch will be served the Phillips County Contact Contact Merriman at 654-1297 not the shortest day growing season not thesaid shortest growing season 140 years,â€? Prince in hisinday speech thatout wakes up realizes that who start or herorcontrol. 140 years,â€? said his that wakes up and realizes that kids who help start sense that things will work out the theand person or family needs help whichwhich you you • Do •you to doto anything else to comher control. for more portunity to improve your your bottom line. line. Cattlewomen. merriman.anna@gmail.com infor-inforsense that things will work forbest, the the person or kids family needs Doneed you need do anything else to comportunity to improve bottom Cattlewomen. merriman.anna@gmail.com for more variety onPrince the butspeech Rohde said variety onmarket, the market, butfor Rohde saidbest, won him second place in the junior division. working longcan’t before turning 16ďŹ nancial, years oldlegal are won him second place inhappens. the Know juniorKnow division. working longprovide, before turning 16legal years old arepersonal An old had suffered through a life-a lifeno matter what happens. that events can’t provide, i.e., ďŹ nancial, or personal plete the referral? Anfarmer old farmer had suffered through Bill Pelton will will walkwalk attendees through p.m., Curt Curt Pate Pate will teach aspects of of mation. no matter what that events i.e., or plete the referral? Bill Pelton attendees through At 1 At 1 p.m., will teach aspects mation. ittowas close. He added that the ittopretty was pretty close. He added thatthethe “I plan remain adestroy part the ones whocounseling. are in theinunem“I rarely plan remain aof part ofagricultural the agricultural thecounseling. ones whonot arestanding not standing the unemtime of troubles that would have destroy people--it isvariety people’s reactions 7. Make sure the or family and refertime of troubles and afictions that would have stepssteps to betoBQA certified and why it should stockmanship, including gathering, grazing, include theand Ranchers Stewardship rarely people--it isvariety people’s reactions 7. Make sureperson the person or family and referbe BQA certified and why it should stockmanship, including gathering, grazing, Sponsors Sponsors include theafictions Ranchers Stewardship Glasgow – 228-2571 Glasgow – 228-2571 shorter growing season doesn’t shorter growing season doesn’t industry and hope to continue my involveployment line by the age of 25.â€? industry and hope to continue my involveployment line by the age of 25.â€? leveled an ordinary mortal. But through it all, to events that cause the problems. 3. Assess what agency or community reral agency connect and get together. Make one one leveled an ordinary mortal. But through it all, be done. Dr. Andrew Roberts will explore sorting, processing, loading, treating and movAlliance, NCBA, the PC Livestock & Cattleto events that cause the problems. 3. Assess what agency or community reral agency connect and get together. Make be done. Dr. Andrew Roberts will explore sorting, processing, loading, treating and movAlliance, NCBA, the PC Livestock & Cattlegrow as much. grow as ranching much. YourYour Customer Owned Co-op Customer Owned Co-op menthave in myinSIGNS family’s operation. ItINTENT Other hot button issues during the conment my SIGNS family’s ranching operation. ItINTENT Other hot button issues during the to conheAssociation never lost his sense ofABS. humor. “How“How have OF DEPRESSION OR SUICIDAL source would be most appropriate address or more follow-up contacts with the agency if if heAssociation never lost his sense of humor. what what traitstraits are important to evaluate and what ing cattle in anin effective manner. women’s and ABS. OF DEPRESSION OR SUICIDAL source would be most appropriate to address or more follow-up contacts with the agency are important to evaluate and what ing cattle an effective manner. women’s and win got Rohde and his wife, The win gotfuture Rohde andthe his the wife, meThe tome think my future career and vention were the proposal to move Yellowscares to think my career and vention were the proposal toproblems. move Yellowyou managed to keep so happy and serene?â€? The greater the number of signs or sympthe person’s (or family’s) called for by the situation. you managed to keep so happy andscares serene?â€? The greater the number of signs or sympthe person’s (or family’s) problems. called for by the situation. Lori Rohde, aranch triparanch to San Antonio, Lori Rohde, trip to San Antonio, of myof may be on the National Park bison to four my may on the stonestone National Park to2locations four 440 Highway West •person Glasgow • Across from the Fairgrounds 440 Highway 2locations West Glasgow • Across from the Fairgrounds askedasked a friend. “It ain’t hard,â€?hard,â€? said the old toms afamily’s ranch or farm family isbe experiencing, 4. Discuss the bison referral with the or or a friend. “It ain’t saidfuture thefuture old Roubie Younkin, an MSU Extension toms afamily’s ranch or farm family is experiencing, 4. Discuss the referral with the •person Roubie Younkin, an MSU Extension Texas, for afor convention. They will Texas, a convention. They will line today.â€? around Montana, risk management and and line today.â€? around Montana, risk management 406-228-9325 • 406-228-4381 • 1-800-255-1472 fellow with with a twinkle in hisineye. I’ve“ just 406-228-9325 • 406-228-4381 • 1-800-255-1472 the greater your concern should be. In addition, family (“It sounds/looks like you are feeling fellow a twinkle his “eye. I’ve just agent in Valley County, compiled this rethe greater your concern should be. In addition, family (“It sounds/looks like you are feeling agent in Valley County, compiled this rehave chances to go to classes, speak have chances to go toofclasses, speak Prince believes the Department estateestate tax planning. Prince believes theare Department ofthe followtax Iplanning. learned to cooperate with the inevitable.â€? if family members exhibiting _____. think _____ could help you deal with learned to cooperate with the inevitable.â€? Family owned by the Newton Boys! port from Extension sources. She can if family members are exhibiting the follow_____. I think _____ could help you deal with Family owned by the Newton Boys! port from Extension sources. She be can be Farm Equipment Sales announced Jan. 23, www.ffa.org/scholarships. to seed representatives and learn from Farm Equipment Sales announced Jan. 23, www.ffa.org/scholarships. to seed representatives and learn from Linda & Mark&Nielsen, Linda Mark Nielsen, To control thosethose things you can control, ing signs of depression or suicidal intent, it is it your situation.â€?) To control things you can control, reached at (406)228-6239 or ryounkin@ ing signs of depression or suicidal intent, is your situation.â€?) SeeSee SERVING AREA AREA âœŻ âœŻ that itthat Rent Car A Car reached at (406)228-6239 or Aryounkin@ Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny or Ted! S ERVING Rent Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny or Ted! Sarah Swanson, general manager of Farm is partnering with John Deere and FFA other farmers what they have done to Sarah Swanson, general manager of Farm it is partnering with John Deere and FFA other farmers what they have done to Owners Owners you must plan. What are are your goalsgoals for your important thatcrops. you connect them them with profesthe individual’s or family’s will- willyou must plan. What areproud your for your valleycountymt.net. important thatcrops. you connect with profes- 5. Explore 5. Explore the individual’s or family’s valleycountymt.net. PRODUCERS LIVESTOCK college scholarships to local FFA FFA Equipment Sales, said, “We to make better PRODUCERS to award LIVESTOCK to award college scholarships to local Equipment Sales, said, “We are proud to make better Iva Murch, Manager Iva Murch, Manager farm in the next year? In the next three years? sional help as soon as possible. All cries for farm in the next year? In the next three years? sional help as soon as possible. All cries for members. This is the second year of the John partner with the National FFA Foundation to members. This is the second year of the John partner with the National FFA Foundation to ThereThere will also be a be trade showshow with with 263-7529 FOR 68 will also a trade 263-7529 CHEVROLET 68 Y! EARS! FORYEARS CHEVROLET Keeping in mind your major, long-range goals help should be taken seriously. in mind your major, help should be taken seriously.there. DeereDeere Dealer Scholarship Program, whichwhich is support our Keeping area’s FFA youth, and we look Dean Barnes, Yard Manager Dealer Scholarship Program, is support our area’s FFA youth, andlong-range we look goals around 500 different companies Dean Barnes, Yard Manager around 500 different companies there. will make it to settodaily priorities. Signs of depression include: will make it set daily priorities. • Signs of depression 1946 -1946 2014- 2014 administered 263-1175 by The FFA Organizaforward to seeing theeasier great contributions these 263-1175 administered byNational The National FFA Organizaforward to seeing theeasier great contributions these The• three-day event startsstarts atinclude: theatend The three-day event the end YOUR YOUR When you cannot do everything you want Sad face, slow slow movements, When you cannot do everything you want • Appearance: • Appearance: Sad face, movements, Ed Hinton, Auctioneer Ed Hinton, Auctioneer tion. tion. Last Last year year John John Deere dealers awarded students will make to Montana Agriculture.â€? Deere dealers awarded students will make to Montana Agriculture.â€? of February and they are hoping to do of February and they are hoping to do All In One Convenient Location. All In One Convenient Location. to accomplish in a day, tackle those projects unkempt look. to accomplish in a day, tackle those projects unkempt look. during their stay. 783-7285 ONEONE 783-7285 over over $240,000 in scholarships. TheseThese scholarships are among the more $240,000 in scholarships. scholarships are among the more a little sightseeing a little sightseeing during stay. that will bring you the return. People 2Hwy W ~2Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds feelings: Feeling sad,their hopeless, will bring you the return. People • Unhappy 440 W ~four Glasgow ~440Across from Fairgrounds • Unhappy feelings: Feeling sad, hopeless, Highway #2 W. •that Glasgow FES FES and Deere440 areHwy sponsoring than 1,500 awarded through thebiggest FFA program. GMCJohn Highway #2 W.awarded • Glasgow and Deere are sponsoring four than 1,500 through thebiggest FFA program. GMCJohn The state winner will get to attend a The statelistless. winner will get to attend a STOP FORFOR STOP with low self-esteem oftenoften set unrealistically AcrossAcross from Fairgrounds discouraged, with lowcorporate self-esteem set unrealistically 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~than 406-228-4381 February 2014 March 2014 (cont.) from Fairgrounds discouraged, listless. 406-228-9325 ~ 1-800-255-1472 ~125 406-228-4381 February 2014 March 2014 (cont.) $2,000 scholarships through the National FFA More corporate sponsors contribute $2,000 scholarships through the National FFA More than 125 sponsors contribute breakfast and aand banquet. CertiďŹ ed breakfast a banquet. CertiďŹ ed 406-228-9326 406-228-9326 high goals, but achievers set moderate goalsThursday Thursday • Negative thoughts: “I’m a failure,â€? “I’m high goals, but achievers set moderate goalsThursday Thursday Family owned by will thenearly • Negative a failure,â€? “I’m Family owned byNewton thenearly Newton ALL ALL YOUR YOUR Scholarship program. TheseThese scholarships will $2•Boys million to support this program. Scholarship program. scholarships $2•Boys million to support this program. 1-800-255-1472 406-228-4381 “We’re goinggoing tothoughts: learn so“I’m much,â€? 1-800-255-1472 406-228-4381 “We’re to learn so much,â€? Service Service -not too hard andBoys not easy. Achievers re- reRent Atoo Car easy. no good,â€? “No one cares.â€? -not too hard andtoo not Rent Aonline Car Achievers Auto Parts & Repair Center no good,â€? “No one cares.â€? See Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny or Ted Family owned by the Newton Boys Auto Parts & Repair Center See Doug, Andy, Terry, Kenny or Ted Family owned by the Newton provide financial aid to FFA members attendScholarship applications are available provide financial aid to FFA members attendScholarship applications are available online Big Feeder Special Woodland Farms Montana Angus Sale Big Feeder Special Woodland Farms Montana Angus Sale Lori Lori said.said. “This“This is a big for us.â€? is ahonor big honor for us.â€? SPRING SPRING 1FFSMFTTt3JDIMBOEt0QIFJNt'PVS#VUUFT Peerless • Richland • •Opheim •• Four Buttes 1FFSMFTTt3JDIMBOEt0QIFJNt'PVS#VUUFT Peerless • Richland Opheim Four Buttes Peerless • Richland • •Opheim •• Four Buttes Peerless • Richland Opheim Four Buttes ing twoor four-year colleges. To apply, visit visit through Feb. Feb. 1, at www.ffa.org/scholarships. ing twoor four-year colleges. To apply, through 1, at www.ffa.org/scholarships. & All Class AuctionAuction & All Class AuctionAuction & AllCattle Class Cattle & AllCattle Class Cattle Glenn had been farming sincesince 1980.1980. Glenn had been farming NEEDS NEEDS 893-4398 724-3353 762-3231 893-4398 724-3353 - 762-3231 - -783-5519 He grew up onupa on local ranchranch in thein the 893-4398 724-3353 762-3231 783-5519 893-4398 - -724-3353 762-3231 783-5519 893-4398 724-3353 - 762-3231 -783-5519 He grew a local 893-4398 - -724-3353 762-3231 -783-5519 783-5519 26th Wittkopp AngusAngus Auction, 26th Wittkopp Auction, April 2014 April 2014 area and got his degree from Montana area and got his degree from Montana Monthly Stock Stock Cow &Cow Bred& Heifer Monthly Bred Heifer Thursday Thursday StateState University. When he came backback University. When he came Auction & All Class AuctionAuction Auction & AllCattle Class Cattle Bowles J5 RedJ5Angus Production Auction, Bowles Red Angus Production Auction, homehome his parents had sold out and his parents had sold out and FeederFeeder Auction & All Class AuctionAuction Auction & AllCattle Class Cattle FeederFeeder Special Special things werewere changing. So heSostarted things changing. he started Farmers Elevator in Glasgow has answers Farmers Elevator in Glasgow has answers & All Class AuctionAuction & AllCattle Class Cattle custom farming. custom farming. Eayrs Eayrs AngusAngus Bull Production Auction, Bull Production Auction, to your feed,feed, grain, graingrain marketing and and to your grain, marketing “Farming is myispassion, it justit grew “Farming my passion, just grew Bred Heifer, Pair & Pair All Class AuctionAuction Bred Heifer, & AllCattle Class Cattle All Class AuctionAuction CHEVROLET agronomy questions. We have a full line AllCattle Class Cattle CHEVROLET agronomy questions. We have a full line fromfrom there,â€? Glenn said.said. there,â€? Glenn McRae’s Big Dry Production Auc- AucHe grew wheat over over the last McRae’s BigAngus Dry Angus Production He grew wheat the three last three of feed products and and a knowledgeable of feed products a knowledgeable March 2014 tion, Replacement HeiferHeifer & Feeder Spe- Spedecades. He tried safflower and barley. March 2014 tion, Replacement & Feeder decades. He tried safflower and barley. team of feed consultants ready to help you team of feed consultants ready to help you Thursday Thursday AllAll In One Convenient Location. cial & cial All Class AuctionAuction He even triedtried pinto beans, which he he In One Convenient Location. & AllCattle Class Cattle He even pinto beans, which withwith youryour livestock nutrition needs. Farmers Elevator provides essential livestock nutrition needs. Farmers Elevator provides essential added wasn’t such a good crop. Lori is is Special FeederFeeder Auction added wasn’t such a good crop. Lori Special Auction 440 Hwy 2 W ~ Glasgow ~ Across from Fairgrounds Humbert “North Countryâ€? Angus Production 440 Hwy 2 W ~ Glasgow ~440Across Fairgrounds Humbert “North Countryâ€? Angus Production 440 Highway #2 W.from •#2 Glasgow Highway W. • Glasgow GMC & All Class AuctionAuction fairly new to the area and new to farmsupplies to the and and ruralrural America. Call Call usGMC atus228-4422. & AllCattle Class Cattle fairly new to the area and new to farmsupplies to Hi-Line the Hi-Line America. at 228-4422. Auction & Anderson Bar Triangle Charolais Across from Fairgrounds 406-228-9325 ~1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 Auction & Anderson Bar Triangle Charolais Across from Fairgrounds 406-228-9325 ~1-800-255-1472 ~ 406-228-4381 CertiďŹ ed ing. She grew up onupa on cattle ranchranch in in CertiďŹ ed 406-228-9326 ing. 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Ag infrastructure: Kleinjan: Cooperatives may be a way to expand ■ Continued from page A1

Tying into other efforts

lous for a four-lane road through here. The amount of traffic is tremendous.”

Retired Blaine County rancher and former county commissioner Art Kleinjan said the expanded facilities have benefits but also create some problems and could be tied into other efforts. One way efforts could be tied together, Kleinjan said, was that, if people want to see expanded ag infrastructure, they could create it through cooperatives. Kleinjan, a board member of the Montana Cooperative Development Center, said the center could help people if they wanted to look into using that model to create a new business or infrastructure. Bear Paw Development also provides resources, including the Small Business Development Center it hosts and through hosting the Montana Food and Agriculture Development Center Network, which focuses on value-added agriculture. Kleinjan said that, while new elevators and other new facilities like fertilizer plants or storage help the ag producers, it creates a strain on the roads, with high traffic on the highways between Harlem and Havre, and farther west. “You’ve got ups and downs on both of them … ,” Kleinjan said. The need is fabu-

Economic boons Tuss said the new facilities are win-win for the region, creating new jobs, reducing costs for farmers and getting them better prices — by reducing the shipping costs — and giving new options on crops. The facilities themselves give new jobs to the region, with the initial estimates for the new shuttles in Chester at six jobs each, Tuss said, adding that “12 jobs for Chester is huge.” But, he said, “perhaps the biggest economic impact is, by strategically locating in areas, you are cutting down significantly the transportation jobs of getting to market, the cost of getting from farm to elevator. “I think, in total, you are talking about four or five additional add-ons to our regional economy that are all positive … ,” he said. “There’s not just investment, it’s significant investment, and it’s companies that are in for the long haul. “And it’s nothing but good and nothing but good for our agricultural producers,” he added.

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“It’s an undertow,” he said. “It’s not real flashy, and it’s not real visible, what is happening.”

Expanding and building facilities

Havre Daily News/Lindsay Brown Gavilon Grain elevators west of Chester are one of two new high-speed grain loaders in the town, with those facilities and the new EGT loaders built in the last three years.

On the other hand, some of the work is very visible. Starting in 2010, EGT and Agrilon announced construction of new high-speed shuttles in Chester, and plans, along with other companies that include Central Montana Cooperative, to build several other elevators including in Galata, Carter and Fort Benton. The high-speed shuttles give farmers a better rate on their grain, with the railroad company passing on the benefit of cars not sitting idle while being filled. Columbia Grain Vice President and General Manager Jeff VanPenage of Great Falls said his company has been building, and expanding, its facilities to handle pulse crops, such as lentils and chickpeas. That has included expanding and upgrading a facility in Chinook which already handled pulse crops. “We see a big future in pulse crops in Montana and in the world,” VanPenage said, adding that “we have lots of buyers all over the world looking for the product.” And the number of producers growing those crops is growing, he said. Montana already is the top-producing state in the nation for peas and lentils, and other crops are increasing. “We see more corn acres going in, more canola, flax, chickpeas,” VanPevanage said. He said that Hi-Line and Golden Triangle producers seem to be seeing benefits from the alternative to traditional crops like wheat, barley and durham. “It must be paying the bills or they wouldn’t be raising them,” he said. VanPevanage said along with the benefits of having an alternative cash crop, producers see benefits from rotating the crop such as increasing the nitrogen in the soil and reducing disease, and he expects the expansion to continue. “We see kind of untapped potential,” he said. In addition to the Chinook facility, he said, Columbia is handing pulse crops at

Havre Daily News/Lindsay Brown The EGT elevators on the east side of Chester stand ready for use. The EGT and the Gavilon shuttle, on the west side of Chester, offer grain loading to farmers in Liberty County and in that region of north-central Montana. A major expansion of facilities has given producers on the Hi-Line and throughout the Golden Triangle more options for hauling grain, with high-speed elevators closer to home cutting down time and cost of shipping while offering premium prices. Conrad, Meriweather, Tiber, Rudyard and some at Fort Benton and Wolf Point. The high-speed shuttles also are increasing, he said, including Columbia building a facility at Sweetgrass and a new shuttle going in for Conrad. “There’s more than enough capacity out there,” VanPevanage said.

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Supporting the major Montana industry Tim Leeds tleeds@havredailynews.com

Havre Daily News/Lindsay Brown Newly upgraded and renovated facilities gleam in the sun in Chinook between U.S. Highway 2 and the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway tracks. Columbia Grains and other companies have expanded their ability to handle pulse crops like peas, chickpeas and lentils as more north-central Montana ag producers raise the alternative crops.

The last decade has seen a massive influx of new agricultural infrastructure on the Hi-Line and in the Golden Triangle, with new high-speed grain shuttles filling 110-car railroad trains with grain in less than 10 hours, a new emphasis on alternative crops, and discussion of other new ag business. Along with two new high-speed shuttles opening in Chester in the last three years, and more in other parts of the region, Blaine County Commissioner Charlie Kulbeck said a company is looking into building a shuttle facility between Harlem and Chinook, near 8-mile Hill. Kulbeck said the expansion of facilities is a boon for ag producers. “During harvest it would be a big plus,” he said. “Farmers would have another facility they could go to.” Kulbeck said the closer facility could help immensely during harvest. “If their granary is full, they could have a lot faster turnaround to get back to the field,” he said, adding, “competition is always welcome.” The topic was discussed at a meeting Bear Paw Development Corp. had with an advisory board in November, including talk about new fertilizer storage facilities being considered and even the possibility of someone building an actual fertilizer plant. Bear Paw Executive Director Paul Tuss said in a recent interview that expansion of facilities has crept up, providing numerous economic benefits to the region, but people might not be noticing all that is happening.

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Ban on trans fats would be boon for canola growers JUSTIN JUOZAPAVICIUS Associated Press TULSA, Okla. — From Oregon to Oklahoma, farmers have started planting canola in earnest, rotating the yellow-flowered crop that could blossom into a replacement for artery-clogging trans fats found in myriad junk foods, such as cookies, cakes and pies. The amount of canola being grown in the U.S. has increased dramatically in the last two decades or so, with 1.7 million acres planted in 2012. Some of it is growing in areas such as Oklahoma, which for generations has been dominated by wheat and cattle operations.

■ Continued on page 12 AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki Heath Sanders, canola field specialist with Great Plains Canola Association, holds dormant canola plants Dec. 18, 2013, in the field of Jerry Lingo near El Reno, Okla. Over the past two decades, canola has joined the rotation in the Great Plains and beyond, with 1.7 million acres planted from Oregon to the Carolinas, and it’s poised for an even-greater expansion as the nation seeks to replace artery-clogging trans fats found in myriad foods.


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Canola boom Continued from page A1 As Oklahoma grower Jeff Scott joked, before canola gained popularity, a farmer's idea of crop rotation here was taking an 800pound steer off a pasture and replacing it with a 500-pounder. Canola seeds produce oil with less saturated fat than many cooking oils and got a boost last fall when the Food and Drug Administration announced it was changing its view on trans fats. The FDA issued a preliminary decision that trans fat, also called partially hydrogenated oils, would no longer be listed as "generally recognized as safe" and began taking comment from the food industry on a timeline for eliminating their use. Increased use of canola has led to strong prices that can top other crops. For example, canola now brings farmers about $10 a bushel, compared to about $6 to $7 for wheat. A well-run canola operation could harvest up to 40 bushels an acre. "I've been on the ground floor of working with winter canola, and whenever you try something new, you're going to have a lot of challenges, but I tell you what, in the last few years, the winter canola ... (has been) a game changer for farmers — I'm seeing it out in the field," said Heath Sanders, a canola field specialist near Lawton, Okla., who's been rotating winter canola with his other crops for the past seven years on the family farm. Trans fats lend foods texture and extend their shelf life, but at major cost to the public's health. They lower "good" HDL cholesterol, elevate "bad" LDL cholesterol a n d c a n h a rd e n a r t e r i e s. F DA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg has said doing away with them could prevent 20,000 heart attacks and 7,000 deaths a year in the United States. Large restaurants and foodmakers are already phasing out the use of partially hydrogenated oils and have turned to canola and other oils as a replacement. The producers of Oreo cookies, for example, transitioned in 2006 from partially-hydrogenated oil and today use canola oil, among other ingredients, as a substitute. The result of the switch in some of Americans' most beloved snacks? "As far as I've heard, not a single consumer has noticed or complained," said Michael Jacobson, executive director of Washington-based Center for Science in the Public Interest. "Food companies work very hard to make the improvement invisible." Farmers and industry experts said the amount of canola grown in Oklahoma soared in the past few years. Oklahoma went from planting 140,000 acres in 2012 to 250,000 acres last year. Elsewhere, farmers in Oregon climbed from

Canola Council of Canada This undated photo shows a stalk of Canola blossoms. As food makers phase out cooking oils containing unhealthy trans fats, the amount of canola crops planted across the country has soared. 7,300 acres planted in 2012 to 13,000 in 2013. In Washington, acreage during that period doubled from 15,000 to 30,000, and in Montana the amount planted rose from 51,000 to 55,000 acres, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. North Dakota is the top canola state, with 860,000 acres planted in 2013. "We've brought a totally new cropping system to the region," said Scott, the founder and president of the Great Plains Canola Association, who grows about 1,500 acres of canola at his farm in Pond Creek, Okla. "It's kind of neat to sit back and watch an industry being created in the Southern Plains." Farmer Ryan Pederson, president of the trade group U.S. Canola Association, s ai d many fa r m e rs have b e e n a c c u s tomed to growing only one or two crops, such as wheat or corn, but are becoming more comfortable with growing an alternative plant. He said they're seeing the payoffs in the form of a larger pocketbook. "The great thing about canola is that i t ' s s o m e t h i n g t h a t ' s g o o d fo r t h e American public and for the farmers. It's been good for the bottom line," said Pederson, who plants about 40 percent of his land northwest of Devils Lake, N.D., in canola. The sky may not always be the limit for canola, which compared to more traditional U.S. crops is still taking baby steps. Jacobson estimates the canola industry has already reaped roughly 75 percent of the benefits it could ultimately acquire due to the decline in the use of partially hydrogenated oils — PHO. If the FDA ultimately bans trans fat as expected, Jacobson said the canola business will climb a bit more, but even then he thinks demand could plateau due to competition from a resurging soybean oil industry. "Many of the products still made with PHO need a solid fat — more like palm oil or (restructured) soybean oil than canola — so canola's gain might not be as proportionately great in the future as it was in the past," Jacobson said. For now, growers are counting their blessings — and the dollars — they're making off the crop. "I'm excited for the farmers," said Sanders, the canola expert. "This crop is changing how we farm. It's changing agriculture, and we're going to continue to see that."

New elevators, new commodities, new infrastructure


Hi-Line Farm & Ranch Feb. 2014