photo by Joe Brooks
Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola) Season: Spring, Summer This bird, like other rails, is extremely secretive and is therefore heard (in this case, a distinctive and loud grunting) more often than it is seen. If it is seen, it will most likely be at dawn or dusk in times of minimal disturbance. Like its cousin the Sora, the Virginia Rail loves the cover provided by sedges and other marsh vegetation. Fun Fact: The forehead feathers of Virginia Rails are adapted to withstand wear and tear that results from pushing through dense and often sharp marsh vegetation.