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THE

OTUNDA

Sixty fourth year

Tuesday. November 13, 1984

being added. Library acquisitions from 1977 were catalogued in machine-readable form and are now in the VTLS data base. The older materials are being added to the data base as they circulate. Periodicals are not in the database. Mrs. LeStourgeon sees the need for the card catalogue diminishing over time. No new cards were added to the catalogue after 1983 but were put directly into the VTLS data base. Mrs. LeStourgeon advises using both the on-line terminals and the card catalogue since the VTLS does not have access to the library's entire collection as of yet. A library user can type in directions to the terminals located on the main floor to receive information on a subject area, an author, or a particular book. The terminals display information similar to the cards in the catalogue. The system can tell the user if the book is available and its location— whether on reserve, on the

Number 11

Will Finish Semester:

Lancaster Goes High Tech By Lisa Jessup Since the installation of the Virginia Tech Library System (VTLS), Martha LeStourgeon, director of Lancaster Library, has a goal to place computer terminals in the dormitories and in major academic departments at Longwood College. Seen as a future possibility, the terminals would inable students and faculty members access to information on the library's holdings without having to come to the library. This goal, however, is contingent upon Longwood's computer system. The library's VTLS. along with other users in the college, are all hooked into the college's mainframe, a Hewlett Packard 3000. The college's decision to purchase an IBM computer would remove most of the users from the Hewlett-Packard and quite possibly, the Hewlett-Packard would then be donated to Lancaster Library for their sole use Currently, the VTLS houses more than 49.000 bibliographic records and more are constantly

Longwood College Farmville, Virginia

Dean Latta Resigns By Frank Raio and Jeff Abernathy Dr. William Latta decided late last week to resign from his position as Dean of Students at Longwood College. Dean Latta came to Longwood in July of this year. In an interview yesterday, Latta stated that his reasons for leaving have "nothing to do with this school," but concern a "personal matter ... it is a very unfortunate situation." Latta's resignation is effective shortly after the current semester. In four months at Longwood, Latta has worked closely with the Inter-Fraternal Council (IFC), and the Resident Hall staffs. In addition, Latta assisted instituting the Community Development programs which were conducted on freshman

halls. In a letter of resignation to Vice-President Mable dated November 11, Latta wrote, "To confirm our discussion Thursday (Nov. 8), at which time I explained my decision to resign...

It is a very difficult decision, and one that was given many hours of consideration ... due to the change in family circumstance it was necessary that I make this choice." In a phone interview yesterday, Mable explained that Latta "has resigned because his wife has decided that she didn't want to move to Farmville." Latta's family is now living in East Lansing, Michigan, where he worked prior to taking the Longwood post. Though numerous members of the faculty and administration have been aware of the situation since late last week, little effort has been made to inform the student body of Latta's decision. One professor responded, "Oh, is that out now?" and would only say that he is "disappointed that Latta is not finishing out the year." One administrator, however, denied knowledge of Latta's decision. Don Winkler of Public Affairs said yesterday that he "didn't know anything about it," and that his office had no

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Colonial Top 40 To Air The "top tunes" of Colonial Williamsburg will be the topic of this year's second Faculty Colloquium Lecture at Longwood College. Dr. John W. Molnar, head of Longwood's music department for 25 years prior to his retirement in 1974, will give the lecture on Wednesday, November 14, at 7:30 p.m. in Wygal Auditorium. The public is invited to hear him discuss "Music in Colonial Williamsburg's Theather." The lecture will be illustrated by live and recorded examples of the music heard and performed by Williamsburg residents in Colonial times. Singers will be DT. Louard Egbert (head of Longwood's music department), Dr. Patton Lockwood (professor of speech and dramatics arts), and Janet Truitt Moore (a music student at Longwood); they will be accompanied by Dr. Paul

Hesselink (associate professor of music) at the harpsichord. There was a great interest in music in Colonial times, Dr. Molnar said. This interest "was stimulated" by the Williamsburg theater's presentation of the latest in stage fare from London. The colonists were eager to learn these songs and dances. In addition to concerts and other stage performances, theater personnel also provided instruction. "The colonists and their children took lessons so that they could play the instruments and the music imported from England," Dr. Molnar said. Dr. Molnar is the author of Songs from the Williamsburg Theater, published in 1972. The book is a collection of 18thcentury theater songs, arranged for voice and piano, with historical and biographical in-

formation on each. Longwood's music department was greatly expanded during Dr. Molnar's 25 years of leadership. Degree programs in music and music education were developed, the department's record library was begun (it now numbers some 2,000 recordings), and the Wygal Music Building was planned and constructed. Dr. Molnar studied at the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music and holds undergraduate and graduate degrees in music education from the University of Cincinnati. His orchestrations have been performed by the symphony orchestras in Cincinnati, Arlington, and Norfolk He continues to arrange music for choral and instrumental groups, including the Longwood band, the band at the College of William and Mary, and the Palace Orchestra in Williamsburg

statement on the matter. Latta's resignation has also caused frustration among students. Marcel Jimenez. President of the IFC, said yesterday. "Dean Latta did a good job. He worked hard and I think we accomplished a lot during his time at Longwood I am very disappointed that he is leaving." Latta's resignation equally concerns the Residence Education Coordinators who must work closely with the Dean of Students' office. Doug Samuels, the REC in Cox Hall, said. "I'm sure that it will have a few rippling effects... (Latta) did achieve a lot while he was here ... it will have some effect on everybody." Amy Thompson, the REC in Frazier, looked ahead optimistically, "Hopefully the things that he has started will be able to continue. I think he has done an excellent job [with the Community Development Program], but there are a lot of faculty and staff members who will be able to cany it on and keep it going."

Constitution Changes Voted On By Eric Houseknecht Last Tuesday. November 6, while millions of Americans went to the polls, Longwood students were making choices here on campus which will affect our own system of student government. There were three proposed changes to the SGA's constitution on the referendum that afternoon, each of which needed a 67% (two-thirds majority) approval of the voters in order to pass

Being the only proposal of three not to pass, the second item on the referendum intended to switch the membership of the Honor Board from one containing a representative from each of the academic departments to one which merely would be comprised of nine representatives from the student body. It was defeated by a narrow margin receiving only 64% of affirmative votes.

The first proposal sought to see the Student Union Board's chairman and vice-chairman officers chosen through campuswide voting while selecting its secretary and treasurer from within the board. This proposal was passed, receiving 77% of the votes in the affirmative

The final item voted on looked to have proposed amendments or constitutional changes submitted to The Rotunda for publication one week prior to election. This proposal passed readily with 98% voting in the affirmative and only 2% of those who voted opposed.


Page 2

THE ROTUNDA Tuesday, November 13, 1984

Your Turn

"POTUNDA Longwood College

To the Editor:

Editor-in-Chief Jeff Abemathy Special Sections Editor Eric Houseknecht Copy Editor Alicia Ashton Production Design Editor Barrett Baker Fine Arts Editor Jerry Dagenhart Feature Editor Lori Foster Campaign Editor Frank Raio Photography Editor Tracy Coleman Sports Editor Pablo Duke Business Manager Mike Harris Advertising Manager Tony Crute Ad Assistant Joan Dolinger Staff Johnel Brown Vince Decker Eddie Hollander David Mattes Steve Tilley Curt Walker Published weekly during the College year with the exception of Holidays and examination periods by the students of Longwood College, Farmville, Virginia. Opinions expressed are those of the weekly Editorial Board and its columnists, and do not necessarily reflect the views of the student body or the administration. Letters to the Editor are welcomed They must be typed, signed and submitted to the Editor by the Friday preceding publication date All letters are subject to editing.

Send letters to: THE ROTUNDA Box 1133

Lethargy and Longwood Out of some 2,600 Longwood students, one hundred and forty-nine voted on the proposed changes to the Constitution of the Longwood Student Government Association Tuesday. November 6. a paltry 5.73 percent of the Longwod student body. This vast minority approved a change in the election of Student Union officers, approved a proposal to have all future referendums on amendments or changes in the Constitution submitted to the student newspaper one week prior to the vote, and because a two-thirds vote is required for all constitutional changes, a proposal to alter the composition of the Honor Board was turned down. Sixty-four percent of the group voted for this proposal. The changes which were made last Tuesday are not what is most important about the vote. The absolute lack of student support for the voting process is, however, critical. Try the numbers again: one hundred and forty-nine of 2,600 students voted. And the votes which they cast will affect the entire student body regardless of how most students would have voted. And only because Longwood students refused to take the time to fill out a ballot. Perhaps we showed our true self last Tuesday, a self brimming over with lethargy. It is not as if the voting table was inaccessible to students: SGA workers were in the New Smoker for three-and-a-half hours, during both lunch and dinner. It's probably a good guess to say that 1,500 students passed by the table a week ago. And exactly one hundred and forty-nine of them voted. Whether or not Longwood students are as apathetic as this vote indicates is difficult to establish, but the upcoming SGA elections will be yet another opportunity for the student body to show its true self. Will we make the effort to vote responsibly, and in large numbers, in this election? Our lethargic self may say 'no'; our true one may speak otherwise. -MJA

I am writing in response to your election issue two weeks ago, which was biased and obviously slanted towards Walter Mondale. One case in point was your lead story, which was a two-page commentary by Democratic Gov. Mario Cuomo of New York. What was printed was Gov. Cuomo's keynote address at the Democratic National Convention in San Francisco way back in July. I really don't understand why (The Rotunda) you wasted two pages of the school newspaper to repeat a speech that was broadcast by all of television's major networks and seen by millions of people. The Republican keynote speech wasn't printed. Jeff Abemathy went on to write an endorsement of the Mondale/Ferraro ticket. The only counterpoint was a comparatively short article on page four supporting President Reagan's stands. Also, a letter to

the editor was included supporting Ronald Reagan, although I am wondering if J. Andrew O'Connor was ProReagan or Pro-War. Here, I stop to weigh the coverage of the two sides. The paper clearly leaned to the Democratic side and I wonder how any reasonable person could be so obviously biased and frankly, unprofessional. Those responsible for publishing that issue abused their rights as "members of the press" and showed very poor journalism in their actions. To be fair. I did find the poll of Longwood students very interesting and I imagine many of the Republicans on campus support my stance on your issue, since so many of those polled supported Pres. Reagan 1 don't think the election issue swayed any intelligent person's vote, but the principle behind a biased issue is still wrong. Randy Copeland

HELP STUDENT SUPPORT AT LONGWOOD: RUN FOR AN SGA OFFICE PICK UP PETITIONS IN THE INFORMATION OFFICE!

AVAILABLE OFFICES:

MAJOR OFFICES (Must have a 2.3) President Vice-President Treasurer Communications Coordinator Honor Board Chair (Spring semester only) Campus Life Board Chair Residence Hall Life Chair Orientation Chair Student Union Chair IAA Chair MINOR OFFICES (Must have a 2.0) Corresponding Secretary Recording Secretary Honor Board Vice-Chair (Spring semester only) Honor Board Secretary (Spring semester only) Sun Vice-Chair * 'Petitions are to be turned in before 12:00 Noon on November 16th which is a Friday. Return them to Paula Clay, Box 200 or South Cunningham, Room 123.

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THE ROTUNDA/T.iRsriay, NovemhPr 13, 1984

Page 3

Animal Lovers Beware! Sometime ago, my attention was brought to an article in a somewhat reputable women's magazine, describing the qualities of the ideal male. Chief among them was the notion that the "perfect 10 male" loves children and animals. I found this rather disconcerting, not that I'm striving for any type of social perfection, but only because I've been so openly opinionated about the whole matter. You see, 1 do not like animals; of any sort. I don't even like the idea of animals. Animals are no friends of mine. They are not welcome in my house. They occupy no space in my heart. Animals are off my list. I will say, however, in the spirit of qualification, that I mean them no particular harm. I won't bother animals if animals won't bother me. At least I won't personally bother animals. I do feel that a plate bereft of a good cut of something rare is an affront to the serious diner. Therefore, I might more accurately state that 1 do not like animals with two exceptions. The first being in the past tense in which case I like them just fine, especially in the form of veal cutlets or Bass Weejun loafers. And the second being outside, by which I do not merely mean outside of the house, but genuinely outside as in outside in the

woods, or preferably outside in the South American jungle. This is after all, only fair. I don't go there, why should they come here? The above being the case, it should come as no surprise that I do not approve of the practice of keeping animals as pets. In fact, I think it should be disallowed by law. Especially the keeping of cats, and dogs if you live in the city. Having previously verbalized these sentiments in society, I have been the recipient of the information that even if dogs should be withheld from the frivolous, there would still be the blind and the pathologically lonely to think of. I am not totally devoid of compassion, and after much thought I believe that I have hit upon the perfect solution to this problem— let the lonely lead the blind. This would provide companionship to one and a sense of direction to the other, without inflicting on the rest of us the all too common spectacle of grown men addressing German shepherds in the respectful tones best reserved for elderly clergymen and Internal Revenue X agents. As for the rest of you animal lovers, if actual friends are not within your grasp, may I suggest that you take a cue from your favorite celebrity and consider investing in a really good entourage. If this does not appeal to you, perhaps you

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should alter your concept of companionship. Living things need not enter into it at all. Georgian silver and authentic 18th century furniture make wonderful companions, as do a well-stocked bar and most types of gourmet foods. Use your imagination, study up on the subject. You'll think of something. Just in case you don't, I've directed the remainder of my remarks to the pets themselves, in the hope that they might at least learn to disport themselves with dignity and grace: If you are a dog and your owner suggests that you wear a sweater .. suggest that he wear a tail. If you are only a bird in a gilded cage —count your blessings. A dog who thinks he is man's best friend is a dog who obviously has never met a tax lawyer. If you have been named after a human being of artistic note, run away from home. It is unthinkable that even an animal should be obliged to share quarters with anyone who calls a cat Ford Madox Ford. Dogs who earn their living by appearing in television commercials in which they constantly and aggressively demand meat should remember that in at least one Far Eastern country they are meat.

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Congress Sends Reagan A Higher Student Aid Budget WASHINGTON, D. C. Students locked out of 1984 federal financial aid programs could find some opened doors next year if President Ronald Reagan signs the fiscal 1985 education funding bill now on his desk. Experts predict Reagan will sign H.R. 6028. which contains the federal education budget for the Oct. 1. 1984 to Sept. 30. 1985 fiscal year, and was passed Oct. 11 by both houses of Congress. Student financial aid funds comprise nearly $8 billion of the total $17.9 billion education package, with $3.6 billion earmarked for Pell grants and $3 billion for Guaranteed Student Loans (GSL). "We think the increases will loosen up financial aid substantially," Lou Dietrich, Department of Education spokeswoman reports. "The budget exceeds our request for 1985 and provides a great deal of aid." Nevertheless, some aid directors around the country fear the increases may be too little, too late to help current students, and that they're not big enough to help students new to the aid programs. Still, Congress's aid budget is $1.7 billion more than last year's, and nearly $1.5 billion more than the president wanted in the 1985 budget. In his budget request, delivered to Congress last February, Reagan wanted to fund the Pell program at its 1984 level, eliminate Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants (SEOG) and State Student Incentive Grants, drastically cut National Direct Student Loans (NDSL) and increase Work/Study and GSL allocations. In addition, the Office of Management and Budget earlier this year proposed letting inflation eat away more aid programs by keeping budgets the same through the next four years. Congress instead has increased the total education budget by 14 percent and sent it to the White House for Reagan's signature "There are increases in just about every program for 1985." Dietrich notes. "It certainly provides students with more aid options." The SEOG program would get $40 million more. NDSLs $35 million more and College Work Study $37.5 million more than 1984 levels if Reagan signs the bill into law College financial aid directors around the country, battered bv

four years of aid cuts, seem relieved but unsated. "We've always had a problem here with lack of funds." Alan Shipley of Northern Arizona University explains. "Any increase will make it easier for students to apply for and receive the dollars they need." "The increases are good." Jeff Baker of San Francisco State agrees. "But I'd like to see more of them and more changes." "We have a critical problem here." Montana State Financial Aid Director Jim Craig says, hoping the increases won't come too late. "Lots of students apply and we have no funds for them." "The budget for financial aid has not grown with the cost of living," he adds. But while education experts are happy about the increases, they note the funding is not as substantial as it looks. "The budget restores the erosion of the last four years," Dallas Martin of the National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators says. "Funding still doesn't equal the real purchasing power of fiscal 1980." The increases will cover inflation's effect on college costs, he predicts, and "maybe a little more." Some aid directors maintain the increases, particularly for Pell Grants and GSLs, won't help new aid applicants much. "The increase in Pell funds will go mostly to students already in the program," Pat Smith of the American Council on Education (ACE) stresses. "Maximum grants will be raised from $1900 to $2100. and there are nearly three million students in the program." "It's pretty much arithmetic," San Francisco's Baker concedes. "I hope the Pell increase isn't eaten up by the additional maximum grants 1 hope it means more students will receive Pell grants." The GSL increases, he adds, primarily will cover defaults and differences between the nine percent student interest rate and the actual GSL interest rate.

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THE ROTUNDA/Tuesday, November 13, 1984

The Dads: Fighting By Lori Foster and Gary Rader "We're fighting for our lives," expressed Bryan Harvey, the lead vocal and bass player for "the Dads". With their album on a major label, they are up against artists such as Paul McCartney, Billy Joel, and Michael Jackson, and CBS does not need to promote a band like "the Dads" unless their album sells. "You've got to sell, that's the bottom line," Bryan continued. In a recent interview, Bryan and other band members stressed their concern that people who make tapes of albums instead of purchasing them are hurting new struggling bands as opposed to well known artists "Once we're famous they can tape all they want, but right now we need all the support we can get" stated David Ayers, the lead guitarist. "The Dads" are currently in a period of transition in their career, moving from a fraternity band to an opening act and touring with major bands. On November 11, "the Dads" opened for "Culture Club" at the Capital Center in Washington, DC " I he Dads ' first album simply titled "the Dads" was released last September. The album consists of their original lyrics and song arrangements with no alterations by CBS. It's difficult to categorize the music of the Dads. It cannot be classified as reggae or Motown, but it seems to breathe new life into rock-nroll. Whatever it is... it's very infectious. The album contains several good cuts, with the best one being "Imagination" which is being released as a single this week. The song has great driving rhythm and vocal work making it a dance song. With local radio stations giving it a lot of airplay.

the tune is quickly becoming a big hit for the band. Another strong dance song, "Wonderworld", will probably do well on the charts as their next single. "Do What You Wanna", "Man With Machinery", "Radio 101". and "I Heard the News" are all enjoyable songs to get out on the dance floor and go crazy to. This is just what happened in the lower dining hall on November 9, as they drew a large crowd that was wound up throughout the entire concert. Before their concert "the Dads" and I were face to face in their no-frills dressing room in the lower dining hall discussing their plans and atitudes as they constantly entertained me with their chalant humor and impressive character. The members of the band seemed to mold into the environment they encountered here at Longwood. in the dressing room and on the stage. All the band members were involved with previous bands. The drummer, Michael Tubb. a former Longwood student, played in a band called "Headwinds" which played for campus functions. Michael and David were the band's originators and began playing as a street band on corners in Georgetown and Richmond. They soon found Keith Pittman and Bryan and the foursome then called themselves "the Dads". They chose this title to avoid a "bad boy" image, and are striving for a clean, suburban type shadow. Dressed mainly in black and white their similar appearance during the interview, on the stage, and on their album cover, portrays a cool rebel style. After a bit of uproar when I confronted them with the rumors of their possible homosexuality they agreed that there is something about being an artist

opposed to a football player that people tend to associate "with being gay". "The members are as red-blooded as they come" says Keith. After denying all tendencies of this kind, the members quickly changed the subject but continued to joke about it throughout the rest of the interview. Rock-n-roll musicians are also frequently connected with drugs, yet "the Dads" have a silent attempt to disassociate the rock scene with drugs by not playing the industry's game. "The Dads" play it straight and they don't want to promote drugs in any way by action or in their music, however, "this doesn't mean they don't have fun from time to time" one of them remarked. They feel if you are successful you must also be responsible for any influence you have on the public. Some short term future plans of the band are to open for "the Fix" and "Chaka Kahn". and on November 21 they will be at 2001 Odyssey in Richmond for a big extravaganza. CBS has been on hand to record, promote and deliver the Richmond-based band's music to the public. The "Dads" have begun to take control of their destination with the release of their album which will hopefully head them in the direction of success. Bryan says his idea of success "would be to be heard by a lot of people opposed to owning a yacht or a Ferrari." David's ultimate dream would be to be able to make records for a living. Either way "the Dads" are slowly earning their respect in the music business with their refreshing new style. The group has a few flaws, like most fairly new groups they have a lack of consistency and some superficial qualities. But if they mature like they should, they will gather a strong following and make a name for themselves in the music industry.

Bedroom Farce Reviewed By Gwen Stephenson "If S-E-X ever rears its ugly head, close your eyes so you won't see the rest of it." This line captures the theme of Alan Ayckbourne's Bedroom Farce which was staged by the Department of Speech and Dramatic Arts and the Longwood Players November 7 through 10. The characters are four married couples. Trevor and Susannah provide the main marital conflict around which the plot revolves. Susannah has absolutely no self-confidence and does constant verbal reinforcement exercises to improve her situation. Meanwhile. Trevor concentrates on being the ultimate self-centered male. Their sexual relationship has "gone totally wrong," as Susannah says. Nick and Jan are the next pair. Jan has married Nick on the rebound from Trevor. Trevor fancies himself as a destroyer as do most male chauvinists. This subplot lends itself to the comedy, for Jan is far from distraught about her lost love; and Nick is flat on his back due to a back injury. Jan treats her cynical, bedridden spouse with loving care, though liberally mixed with touches of sarcasm. Nick, in short, is not a good patient. Malcolm and Kate are newlyweds who have just moved into a small house. They are both giddy with "love's young dream" and full of practical jokes. On the night the action takes place they play host and hostess to their housewarming party. Trevor and his mate disrupt the party (and the audience in what was the best scene of the show) by having a violent fight. Jan tries to reunite the couple by counselling Trevor, but in a spasm of passion Trevor kisses her just as his neurotic wife re-enters the room. As Trevor attempts to mend all of the relationships he has damaged we finally meet the fourth couple, his parents, Ernest and Delia. Delia dominates the hen-pecked Ernest and espouses their marital theme: "Keep your husband well fed and comfortable. But the most important thing is not to tell him anything he doesn't need to know." Ernest trips through life content to let Delia make his decisions. He is more concerned about trivial things like the loose guttering on his house. Curt Walker cuts a wonderful character as Ernest, with some great stereotypical carricatures of elderly traits Walker's character was reminiscent of Tim Conway on the Carol Burnett Show. He was hilarious at times, but it was obvious that he was aiming solely for the laughs

Linda Sauve also does an outstanding job as Jan, the cool and practical victim of Nick's back problem. Ms. Sauve's actions and lines were carried with a great deal of professional poise and her presence in some shaky scenes helped maintain some plausibility. Connie Watkins as the spacy, neurotic Susannah brings her part to life in more ways than one. She not only looks like a potential fruitcake; she acts it as well. Jumping when anyone enters the room, holding frequent conversations with herself, becoming violent at a moment's notice â&#x20AC;&#x201D;all her discomforts add to our delight in the production. Ms. Watkins was so into her part that she sometimes upstaged her fellow actors, and caused the audience to lose some of the lines while they were still laughing at Susannah's antics. However, she was the most believable character on stage, because of her intensity. Jeff Flemming, as Trevor compliments his wife's zaniness with his own self-indulgence. If his character is somewhat unrealistic at times, like that of Nick played by Jerry Dagenhart. the audience must realize that this is a farce Some characters must be exaggerated to give the story humor. Flemming did a very nice job of balancing Trevor's extreme character traits. Trevor is at the same time stupid and neurotic on one hand and stupid and arrogant on the other. The entire play revolves around this and it puts "a great heavy weight" on Flemming which could explain some of Flemming's shakiness. Not bad though, not bad at all. Dagenhart also had a very difficult part, lying in bed the entire time. His sarcasm was almost a visible entity. Dagenhart has an obvious mastery of comedic timing and delivery and easily got the most laughs. Perhaps his voice is a bit too grating on the ears, but it blended well with his character. Kate and Malcolm (Deanna Deitrich and Andrew Murtaugh) were bubbly and fun. Their antics brought relief from the friction caused by Trevor and Susannah Murtaugh's delivery was off sometimes but he was well suited to the practical joker role. Ms. Deitrich was great as the "Straight woman of the show." She provided a muchneeded balance. Cathy Miller brought Delia to life as a mother hen guarding her chicks. Ms Miller's British accent was without a doubt the most natural in the show which lended a great deal of credibility to her part. The set by A. Mofatt Evans was simple and very realistic, mtlnutd on Page 7)


THE ROTUNDA/Tuesday, November 13, 1984

Page 5

Across the Nation

Campus Events Residence Halls Yale University students were angered for being fined for opting to move off campus after the housing deadline, even though the school had a severe housing crunch. Students thought their rooms could be easily filled, making fines unnecessary. Housing officials say the fines are levied to get students to take the deadline seriously. A Rule About Officers' Grades is kicking up dust at Syracuse University. The rule that student organization officers be in good academic standing is being enforced by the administration for the first time in recent years. It could affect the current Student Government president, whose grade point average is below 2.0, according to a local newspaper. SGA rules don't spell out grade qualifications, and administrators won't comment on possible sanctions against specific individuals. A New Phone-In Registration System enabled over 6.000 Penn State University students to change their class schedules without leaving home. Those eligible to use the system received an incomplete class schedule in pre-registration. Their schedules contained a toll-free number to call, and a list of instructions for using the phonein process. A Seemingly Innocent Interview put the University of Pittsburgh student newspaper on sports pages nationally. The article, on Pittsburgh star Bill Fralic, included the gridder's comment that he likes to "go play golf and go (blank) girls and get loaded." That quote made the city paper. The Pittsburgh Press, and the wire services. Fralic took much of the heat, but the Pitt News also came under fire for running his obscene remarks. Striking back in its own editorial, the paper defended its right as a student paper to express ideas and take changes. The problem, said the News, was that the professional press distorted and overplayed a comment intended only for a college audience. The Mysterious Disappearance of a Knute Rockne bust from the University of Notre Dame campus is still making headlines on that campus. The perpetrators of last spring's theft sent pictures of the missing bust—wearing a Purdue jersey—to the campus newspaper, The Observer, accompanied by a message from "Rock." Shortly thereafter, the paper reported that an ND graduate and two current students were responsible for the, bust's disappearance. All three have denied the charges. ND police say they've passed on a lead to the Los Angeles Police Department to be checked out. Pushing Students to choose a career is a mistake too many parents are making today, says Dr. Robert Kellogg, dean of the University

of Virginia's College of Arts and Sciences. Parents of liberal arts students shouldn't pressure their children to a narrowly focused vocational field where entry-level jobs abound, warns Kellogg. Such training neglects skills for critical thinking, literate communication and problem solving—skills rare enough in American society, he says. If Cornell Seniors decide to create a South African Divestment Fund as an alternative to the traditional Senior Gift, the Student Assembly is ready to administer it. The SA voted its readiness to accept the responsibility this month, clearing the way for creation of such a fund. Students Can Campaign For Credit at Southern Illinois University-Carbondale. Political science majors and some community development interns will receive class credit for working in political campaign. One local candidate capitalized on that situation by advertising for student volunteers with the promise of class credit. The Much-Publicized Vote by Brown University students to stock suicide pills in case of nuclear war was intended to draw attention to the threat of nuclear war, but may do just the opposite, according to Sanford Gottlieb, executive director of the United Campuses to Prevent Nuclear War. Thinking about suicide can cause students to adopt a defeatist attitude and actually drive them away from the campus nuclear freeze movements, he says. Only Five Students asked to be placed with non-drinking roommates at the University of Iowa, housing officials there say. They had formally made that option available in August, although it had been informally used—through room transfers—in the past. The low number was attributed to students' ability to find compatible roommates on their own. A Student Referendum on Student Senate funding of a gay student group is churning up the University of Kansas campus. Students opposing the funding collected 2,000 signatures on petitions calling for the referendum. One of those students subsequently came under fire for selling "Fagbusters" T-shirts. The senate has since rejected and then reconsidered holding the vote. The State Supreme Court upheld Columbia University's suspension of two students arrested last spring for assaulting other students. The pair challenged their suspensions on the grounds they were denied due process in disciplinary hearings. The court said the two students were given the right to counsel, heard the charges against them, and had the opportunity to explain their side of the story.

Cheerleaders Split Squads!!! By Tim Fitzgerald The 1984-85 Longwood cheerleading squads are on their way to becoming the best squads ever at Longwood. Joyce Phillips, in her third year as head cheerleading coach, is very enthusiastic about the squads this year. There will be two separate squads this year, one to cheer at the men's basketball games and one to cheer at the women's

basketball games. Coach Phillips feels that this should make a big difference in the overall performance. "We started with two squads last year but we lost a lot of people which forced the remaining members to cheer at both men's and women's games. It was too much work and we were burned out by January. We should not have that problem this year. With two squads we

should be able to do a good job at every game." In August the cheerleaders attended The Universal Cheerleaders Association Camp. The camp featured approximately 1500 cheerleaders from division I and II schools across the nation. "Attending camp really helped us a lot," said Phillips.

Students Revive Boycott To Protest Cuts Fort Collins, CO (CPS) Colorado's statewide student association, reviving a tactic from the late sixties and early seventies, is calling on students to strike on November 1 to protest rising tutition and the "declining quality" of higher education in the state. Strike organizers plan public discussions of state funding, tuition, financial aid and a proposal to raise the state legal drinking age to 21. "Something needs to be done to dramatically grab the people's attention to show them that higher education is seriously underfunded in Colorado," says John Francis, co-president of the University of Colorado's student government. "While I sympathize with students' frustration with the legislature and agree that higher education needs increased funding, I cannot condone a class boycott," Gov. Richard Lamm replies. "Instead, I suggest (students) voice their opinions at the polls November 6." There were many student strikes during the student movement of the sixties and seventies, but they've been rare for the last decade, says Bob Bingaman, director of the State Student Association in Washington, D. C. Such strikes, when successful, "educate students and heighten student awareness of issues in higher education. People on

campuses start talking about the issues and the level of debate on the issues increases." "Several years ago Pennsylvania students staged a broadbased class boycott and shut down eight of the 13 state campuses" to protest a proposed mid-year tuition increase, Bingaman recalls. "The strike was very successful," helping increase funding for state colleges and raise faculty salaries, Bingaman says. However, some activists see Pennsylvania Gov. Richard Thornburgh's subsequent gutting of the statewide student association's funding mechanism as retaliation for the political pressure he felt. The association now has desperate budget woes. Except for the Pennsylvania strike, though, Bingaman is not aware of any statewide student strike "since at least 1975." "It's a risky move," concedes Scott Houser, president of the Colorado State Student Association."And if we build it up to be something it doesn't become, we could lose credibility. If it works, the benefits far outweigh the risks." If the Colorado students are successful, notes Bingaman, who recently spent a week helping organize the strike, they could revive student strikes as tactics for gaining public and political support for higher education. CPS

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mm

THE ROTUNDA-Tuesday, November 13, 1984

Page 6

Kersey Makes Blazer Roster

Campus Yearbooks Face Oblivion

By Jim O'Hara

By Susan Skorupa (CPS) - Faced with student apathy, money woes and mismanagement, college yearbook staffs this year are finding it takes more than snappy copy and pretty pictures to sell yearbooks. A number of colleges, weary of late yearbook deliveries and having to bail yearbooks out of financial trouble, now are demanding the books pay their own way. Last week, for example, the University of Alabama simply slashed the press run of its yearbook to cut losses because it came out late. The Corolla staff bitterly called the move "a lack of faith in our abilities." But many of the yearbook ventures seem to be responding by installing more efficient, professional operations. The University of Massachusetts yearbook staff, for instance, last month confronted an ultimatum to do better or junk its book by bringing out the 1983-84 Index three weeks ahead of deadline. "Students were getting tired of the yearbook," says John Mooradian, U. Mass. Student Government Association (SGA) treasurer. "It was always late and the quality was bad. And the student fund can't support a late, expensive yearbook."

The SGA, after initially trying to withhold all funds for the yearbook, told the staff it had to prove it could produce a highquality book on time, and then sell it. "This year the book is of exceptional quality," Mooradian boasts. "Student reaction has been very good." Yearbook staffs note they aren*t always to blame for bad reaction or missed deadlines.

price, you can buy a couple of six packs?'' agrees Brian Mooar. 1984-95 editor of Kent State's yearbook. Usually, the combination of high costs and the student apathy caused by poor quality can kill a yearbook without student government or administrative threats. That's what nearly happened at Pacific Lutheran University in 1981. "The quality was poor." admits 1984-85 Saga editor Dana Tigges. "But since then we've hired and maintained a good staff The quality of the book has gone up and the administration is more enthused about financing it. so we're really encouraged."

Kent State felt the student apathy crunch in 1976 when the university transferred yearbook funding from the school budget to the Student Publication Policy Committee. "Funding dropped from $15,000 to $1,500," Mooar recalls, forcing students to buy the books separately instead of paying for them as part of their tuition. Since then, "we've had to change our thinking around," he concedes. "We've had to take a large step away from making it a photographer's gallery with no copy."

Kent State now publishes more color, more copy and more "names with faces," to entice purchasers, Mooar notes. Arizona's yearbook staff hopes the same tactics and providing free coverage to all clubs.

fraternities and sororities will convince more students to buy books this year. Bradley University's staff expects a price cut and more student portraits will boost sales of the financially-troubled Anaga. But at Stephens College in Columbia. Mo., student apathy is only part of a "domino effect" threatening yearbook financing, contends yearbook advisor Connie Beachler.

"We seem to start with a decent staff that dwindles, so quality goes down," she laments. "Fewer and fewer students buy the book and that exacerbates the financial situation." While many schools face the same problems of falling subscription sales and declining quality, Taylor's Honnold says the number of colleges with yearbooks has remained fairly stable for the last five years, and has risen since the late sixties and early seventies decline. During those years, "yearbook publication dropped off, probably because of student apathy, the same as with fraternities and sororities. It wasn't the thing to do at the time," he says. Now schools that produce a quality yearbook find students are willing to buy it, he adds. "You have to appeal to the masses and still cater to your own sense of journalistic excellence," Kent State's Mooar agrees. "There has to be a happy medium or you won't sell books."

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^ 392-6Z25

Alabama's Corolla staffers recall someone stole their computer and five disks that held a third of the book, forcing them to start over and change deadlines. Yearbooks also have suffered from student apathy, observes David Honnold of Taylor Publishing Company's College and University Division, which prints many campus yearbooks nationwide.

"If a school with 10,000 students includes the yearbook price in its student activity fees, only about 40 percent will ac tually pick up a yearbook", he says "Students think. 'Why buy a yearbook when, for the same

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Former Longwood College basketball great Jerome Kersey became the first player from Southside Virginia to ever earn a spot on a roster on a National Basketball Association team this week when the Portland Trailblazers finalized its team for the 1984-85 pro season. The Ail-American from Clarksville was assured a spot on the team Tuesday night when the Blazers place three-year veteran Pete Verhoeven on waivers bringing the total number of players on the roster to 12. "I learned about it sitting in my room watching the news last night," Kersey said enthusiastically during a telephone conversation from Portland Wednesday. "Then a little later the team psychologist came by and told me." "But I couldn't afford to go out and celebrate." he added. "We have practice at 10:30 this morning." The all-time leading scorer and rebounder for Longwood, Kersey apparently sewed up his spot on the team with an outstanding pre-season effort. In Portland's eight preseason games, Kersey averaged 14.1 points, 6.3 rebounds had six blocks and 11 steals. "The coaches are very pleased with him," John White, public relations director for Portland said Wednesday afternoon. "We feel that it's possible that we may have gotten the steal of the draft this year. "I was trying to prepare myself for the bad news and the good news," the 6-7 small forward for Portland commented. "The decision can sometimes be political, but I'm glad they kept me." LC head coach Cal Luther,

who guided Kersey for the last three years, was more pleased to see his former player make the Blazers than some former players he coached that played pro ball. "I've had some of my kids make the NBA before." he said Wednesday morning, "but I've never had a kid more deserving than Jerome. Even if he doesn't play a minute this year, he'd be an asset to the team." "I had talked with general manager Stu Inman recently and he said the coaches were looking for a player who knew the system and had some experience." Luther added. "So it was a herculean task for him to make it. He must have really impressed the coaching staff." Portland opens up the season this Saturday when they visit the Kansas City Kings for the season opener. The only game in which area fans can get a chance to see Portland play this season is March 6 when they play the Washington Bullets in Landover. Md. "I'll be playing small forward," Kersey said about his role on the team. "It's a good position and offensively allows you to get some shots." Pro standout Kiki Vandeweghe will more than likely start for Portland at that position. "Getting hit when you're going up for a shot is a lot different than when I played at Longwood," Kersey went on to say about the different style of play." Portland's roster may have one of the youngest benches in the league this year. Kersey is one of five rookies on the team. As far as getting some playing time this season, he pointed out that it all "depends on how I do in practice."

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Page/

THE ROTUNDA/Tuesdav, November 13, 1984

A Plea for Pluralism By Bill Moore While the dust appears to have settled after the rash of controversies at Longwood this fall, I believe there remains some unfinished business—what does it all tell us about ourselves? My training tells me that experiences usually need processing (not ignoring) to be most educational. Besides, the whole sordid affair reminds me of one of the Longwood goals, and since it's partly my job to keep these goals in our focus, I feel compelled to speak out. The central theme running through all of these controversies is one of individual differences, primarily in lifestyle choicesgreek or independent, gay or straight, the use of language termed by some "offensive." Obviously, even in a small-town, small-college environment, this microcosm of America reflects the range of different kinds of people in this country. And why not? America, after all. is the great melting pot. one of the very few nations founded on clearly defined principles of tolerance and pluralism. The range of pluralism may have stretched quite a bit since 1776, but the fundamental principles remain the same So what kind of pluralistic dialogue have we witnessed here recently? From the sidelines, all I see is narrow-mindedness, distortion, name-calling, and stereotyping coming from all "sides" of these controversies. It reminds me of this fall's presidential campaign, where on both sides, the "other" is attacked and vilified—there seems to be only sporadic attempts to address significant issues. As a recent Washington Post column suggests, "Reagan isn't running a campaign, he's running a rock video." The primary of imagery seems true on our local stage as well—all is attack and parry, hyperbole, unwillingness to engage in dialogue—but to paraphrase a current sage, where's the substance? I promised a Longwood goal, and here it is—sense of awakening. This goal relates to the development of a greater understanding of our own values and sense of what's right and what's wrong, while at the same time coming to terms with the inevitability that other people will have other perspectives The

next step, radical to some people, is acknowledging that those different perspectives (values, lifestyles, political parties, etc.) can be accepted as legitimate in their own right at the same time you choose to believe in and strive toward your own absolute standards that may conflict with others' viewpoints That continual engagement with ambiguity and variety is at the core of a pluralistic, free society; while such a society sets limits through its laws, there are very few areas in which absolute standards are applied. Sense of awakening thus involves learning to define one's own commitments in the face of this diversity and not automatically condemning different commitments. The public discourse about our recent controversies at Longwood does not display much of this sense of awakening, unfortunately. Controversy can be healthy if it leads to open discussion and debate; it helps us to engage our minds and reflect on our viewpoints (and justifications). But we need to keep a sense of awakening in mind while we engage and reflect, otherwise we add little to any meaningful dialogue. The theologian Reinhold Niebuhr once said that the highest form of religious tolerance was based on the belief that "all actual expressions of religious faith are subject to historical contingency and relativity" —in other words, express your faith but understand that your absolutes are not necessarily the same as for everyone else. As Benjamin DeMott, an English professor at Amherst College writes in the latest issue of Harper's (October. 1984): You have it in you to fight off reductiveness and trivialization. You have it in you to be impatient with oversimplification — indeed, to be sore enough about it to stand against it. . . Dancing to an extraordinary variety or rhythms in the world simultaneously is feasible. (emphasis added) That is what we are asked to do when confronted with such complexity in a pluralistic worldif not dance, at least cope with the "extraordinary variety"- of lifestyles we will inevitably encounter. Why is that so much to ask?

Lady Cagers —

Goals and Realities By Bill Moore As part of the Longwood Goals Project, I've been involved recently in interviewing freshmen students about their college goals, and it's clear that the concept of goals, let alone THE 14 GOALS, evokes lofty and abstract images. Students have a hard time relating them to the real world, and thus they tend to ignore or ridicule such notions. But as this political campaign grinds to a halt, I am prompted to make some connections between goals and the cold, hard realities of life. Be honest with yourself— have you taken the time to become responsibly informed about the candidates and their views, or is your preference determined by media images and other people's (like your parents) values? Nowhere, I think, is our intellectual sloth more evident than in our approach to voting decisions; too many people watch television ads or the 30-second bits on the nightly news, accept candidates' rhetoric at its face value, and let our prejudices take over. How does that relate to the goal of critical thinking? Or responsible citizenship? A major national newspaper reported a list of inaccuracies in the presidential candidates'

statements during the first debate: Reagan's list was about twice as long as Mondale's. but they both had distorted facts in their rhetoric. Did you even bother to question their statements, or did you let your initial preference rule who you believed and who you didn't? How do you decide? That's part of what THE 14 GOALS are all about, and if you ignore it. you could be living with mistakes and poor judgments—both in terms of voting, perhaps, as well as in one's personal life. Take other areas—how's your world consciousness, for instance? Did you know the world spends an average of $19,310 per year per solider on defense, but only $380 per year per school-aged child for education? That there are 556 soldiers per 100,000 people, but only 85 physicians? Meanwhile, the U.S. remains one of the world's largest weapons dealers. These are realities that need to be confronted; are these the priorities we'd like to see for the "global village"? But we can't even begin to grasp these realities until we address these goals—world consciousness, sense of awakening, critical thinking, and so on. They may be lofty to you, but this political season brings them down to earth—they're real.

(Continued from Page 9)

1,000 point mark for career scoring. Holmes averaged 11.8 points and 8.1 rebounds. Johnson averaged 6.5 points and 3.5 rebounds while seeing action at both guard and forward. Sophomores Karen Boska and Caren Forbes were starters a year ago and should be even better in 1984-85. Sophomore Melanie Lee was a top inside reserve in her rookie season and junior Kellie Jordan also got in for considerable action. Longwood freshmen include 5-4 Annette Easterling, 5-8 Angie Hill and 6-2 Barbie Burton, sophomore Pat Irvine, a 5-9 forward, transferred from Southern Seminary. Duncan feels the newcomers are capable of playing right away and bolstering the team's depth "We should be improved in all areas," said the Longwood coach. "With a year's experience, the veterans will be more effective executing our running game and player-to player defense. "We want to continue the success of last year, and we'd very much like to win the Mason-Dixon Conference championship."

SCHEDULE OF EXAMINATIONS - FALL SEMESTER 1984 Examinations for the fall semester 1984/85 are scheduled at times determined by the regular class meeting time. For example, the examination for the classes normally meeting at 2:00 Tuesday and/or Thursday will be held 2-5 Thursday, December 13 in the regular class meeting location. Examinations for evening classes will be held during examination week at the time and on the day of the regular class meeting, except that examinations for Wednesday evening classes will be held Saturday, December 15, from 2 to 5 p.m. This schedule provides makeup periods on Saturday, December 15, and Tuesday, December 18. Makeup periods have been established so that students with valid reasons may arrange with the instructor to make up a missed exam. READING DAY

WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 12 EXAM DAY/DATE

9-12

2-5

7-10

Thursday, December 13

English 100

Tuesday and/or Thursday 2:00

Tuesday and/or Thursday 8:00, 4:00, 4:50, 5:30

Friday, December 14

M and/or W and/or F 9:00

M and/or W and/ or F 11:00

Tuesday and/or Thursday 3:25, 12:10, 12:30

Satu rday, December 15

M and/or W and/or F 10:00

M and/or W and/ or F 1:30 Wednesday evening MAKEUP

Bedroom Review— (Continued from Page 4) except for one thing: It slanted about two feet from front to back, and dipped in center stage. Not only did this help the audience to see the actors' heads while they were in bed but aided the psychological slant of the play. So, in the end did Susannah and Trevor get their act

together? Have they destroyed all the other relationships? Only the audience knows, hopefully you were part of it This was an excellent production put on by a fine cast and crew. Thanks to director Douglas M. Young and the Longwood Players for saving some of us from another typical (wood evening

Monday, December

17

Tuesday, December 18

Tuesday and/ or Thursday 9:25

M and/or W and/ or F 12:00

M and/or W and/ or F 8:00

Tuesday and/or Thursday 10:50

M and/or W and/ or F 3:30, 4:00, 5:30

M and/or W and/ or F 2:30 MAKEUP

MAKEUP


Page 8

THE ROTUNDA/Tuesday, November 13, 1984

Richmond Sonfonia Not on an Elevator!

Dance Company Performance 'Enjoyable' By Lori Foster

By Barrett Baker It was a classic example of what my Journalism teacher calls "missing the point." I was heading towards the snack bar for a burrito and to figure out what I should write this week when the sound of trumpets reached me from Jarman Auditorium. I had two tickets to the Richmond Sinfonia and the show was starting in 20 minutes—good deal! I no longer needed to worry about a story and I didn't have to eat that burrito... I was a little disappointed to find that most of the crowd attending were not Longwood students—despite the fact the Student Union offered free tickets to the first 250 students who requested them as opposed to the $12 that everyone else had to pay. That alone should have encouraged people to enjoy a night out. It was also a bit discouraging to find that the students that did show up seemed to be there for a class. "Let's get this over with" was a commonly expressed phrase. And why should young people go to a show like this? It was the kind of music my brother and I always referred to as

"elevator music" when we were younger. But there is something special about seeing a symphony in person, if nothing else, only to be impressed by the precision involved with a production like this. If the Richmond Braves were anywhere near as well orchestrated, they would never lose a game. Apart from the fact that conductor, Peter Bay had to wait for the Longwood Towers to finish tolling 8:00 just as he was ready to begin, and that one of the chairs in the orchestra had a Coor's Beer Wolf sticker on it—not to mention that no wine was served during intermission—the Richmond Sinfonia put on an excellent show featuring pieces from Mendelssohn, Elgar, Mozart, and Ludwig von Beethoven. It was a pleasant, relaxing change from today's modern, electronic rock'n roll. The program was made possible in part by grants from the Virginia Commision for the Arts, and the National Endowment for the Arts, and was sponsored by Longwood's Teacher Education Centennial Committee, the Student Union and Alpha Delta Kappa.

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The Longwood Company of Dancers opened their Fall Studio Concert last weekend with a colorful and lively performance—due largely in part by the choreography of Dance Company members and by some very interesting lighting effects. The show opened with "Starlight," a jazzy, upbeat piece choreographed by Gayle Arpe featuring music by Madonna. Arpe, personally, danced with energy and style. Her cast, however. whether inexperienced, nervous, or both, did not seem as enthusaistic and thus the dance did not come across as well as it could have. The second piece, "Terpsichore in Zephyrus" choreographed by Carol Moran, was probably the most precise and fluent piece in the show. Featuring music by Alan Parsons, the dance combined both modern dance and classical ballet with three experienced dancers piecing together some very special moments into a very enjoyable performance. "Laisser-Faire," the third piece choreographed by Angie Smith, featured a jazzed-up piece by Tchaikovsky. The piece had definite bright spots from individuals but was still somehow lacking as a whole. Choreographed by Laura Cawthorne, "Bustin' ' with music from the title song of the soundtrack, "Ghostbusters," was the most enjoyable performance of the show involving both dance and theatrics. Every dancer involved made this piece a real crowd pleaser. "Bitter-Suite" choreographed and performed by former Dance Company members Horace Scruggs and Nance Nuckols, was an excellent bridge from "Ghostbusters" to the following

Lancaster (Continued from Page 1)

shelves, or checked out. Mrs. LeStourgen believes Lancaster Library is in the "forefront of library technology." Currently, Lancaster is the only four-year, academic library in Virginia equipped with a functioning VTLS except for Virginia Tech's library where the system was developed. Other college libraries are getting the VTLS or already have it but have not put it into use yet. Several public libraries have the VTLS, including the State Library in Richmond. Lancaster Library has the ability to read the State Library's catalogue and when other academic libraries put the VTLS in use, Lancaster Library will be able to read their catalogue as well.

Senior Dance Company Members-Standing left to right Natalie Wack. Laura Cawthorne. Debra Beck, Shanna Eyer. Kneeling Angie Smith and Carol Moran.

dance, "Typically Western." by slowing the tempo down. Featuring music by Cole Porter. Carey-Fisher, Carter, Susselelorf. and Worth, the dance begins with a solo by Scruggs, followed by a solo by Nuckols, and ending with a duet bv the two. The finale, "Typically Western" was originally choreographed by Ann Czompo of Cortland State College and

featured music by Aaron Copeland. Adapted with permission by Dance Company Director. Nelson Neal. this piece involved everything from barroom brawls and train robberies to a hoedown and a rodeo. It was a really fun piece made better by various members "hamming it up." All in all, the whole performance, which lasted about an hour, was well worth seeing and thoroughly enjoyable.

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THE ROTUNDA/Tuesday, November 13, 1984

Pages*

Lancer Sborts Soccer Team on the Wire Well the Longwood Lancer soccer team really brought it down to the wire this year. Originally thought to have a good chance at gaining a bid to the twelve team national tournament, the Lancers went into their final game unsure of even a state tournament bid. Last Wednesday, in their final regular season game of the year versus Randolph-Macon the Lancers were at the top of their form On the day of the game the Lancers had moved up in the national rankings from twentieth to sixteenth. The RandolphMacon Yellow Jackets had fallen from their lofty tenth position to just beneath Longwood ranking seventeenth. For the Lancers this meant that either a win or a tie would send them on to the state tournament. Well, the Lancers brought it all the way down to the wire, fighting to a scoreless tie at the end of two overtimes "It was a great game. We would have liked to have won it." commented head coach Rich Posipanko. "The way it was played though, either team could have won it." And both teams very nearly did on several occasions. Behind some superlative performances by goal keeper Rob Liessem and three-time All-American defensive back Darryl Case, the Lancers were able to blank the Yellow Jackets the entire game. Unfortunately on the other half of the field, the Jackets were also able to hold the potent Longwood attack scoreless, with Randolph-Macon goalie coming up with several strong plays as did his center fullback. John Kennen. Craig Reid and Tim Ford all had chances to score but the Yellow Jacket goalie always managed to get in front of them. The one shot that did get by him, a Case rocket, apparently happened too fast for the umpire to see and he did not rule it a goal. The umpire distinguished himself on this sunny afternoon by keeping the roughness of play at about the same level as a high school football game. After playing to a scoreless tie at the end of regulation, the two teams went into overtime. With the skies darkening and rain beginnning to fall, the Lancers dominated play but were unable to put Randolph Macon away. When the second overtime period ended and the game was still tied Longwood had earned its second invitation to the VISA tournament in three years The state semifinal game pitted Longwood against the

Roanoke College Maroons. Earlier in the year the Lancers had battled Roanoke to a 1-0 victory. The Maroons had outshot the Lancers and it was only the play of Liessem along with a Clay Mullican assisted John Kennen score that provided the difference. In last week's game against Roanoke the Maroons scored first and Longwood had to fight from behind all through the game. When Case scored with eight minutes left, the momentum of the game shifted to the Lancers. Longwood controlled the remainder of the game and went into the overtime with the momentum behind them. In the second overtime period, the Maroons were awarded a penalty kick. When Roanoke failed to capitalize on the opportunity, the two teams continued through three more overtime periods. Longwood continued to dominate the action but when Reid was ejected in the middle of the fourth overtime period the Maroons started to threaten. The fifth overtime period saw the Maroons press their one man advantage but they were unable to score. With darkness falling, the two teams went to a shootoff. Case. Mark McArdle and Jeff Robinson all made their penalty kicks so that when Scott Thoden came to the line the game rested on his final kick. The senior defensive back had the goalie convinced he was going one way, kicked it the other way into the back of the net and the Lancers advanced to the state championship game against Mary Washington Wednesday at 2:30.

The last time they met, Longwood led 2-0 most of the game With four minutes left the Lancers let it slip away and Mary Washington tied it up 2-2. Two overtime periods later the score remained 2-2 and went into the record books. "This is one of our stronger teams." Posipanko noted going into the championship game. "I think our chances of beating Mary Washington are good. We're capable of winning it. It all depends on how well we play. We have to keep playing like we have our last two games." Longwood won its first state title in 1982 when the Lancers went 15 4 1 and beat Lynchburg 1-0 in the VISA finals.

Lady Cagers Look Strong Longwood's women's basketball team would like to keep a good thing going when the Lady Lancers open their 1984-85 season at home November 26 against the University of District of Columbia. Coach Shirley Duncan's squad collected a record number of wins last season while ending a string of five straight losing seasons. The Lady Lancers would like to improve on that mark this year.

With seven of its top eight players and four starters back from last season, Longwood could field its strongest women's basketball team in history this year. Only point guard Robin Powell is missing from last year's main cast of characters. Powell graduated in May. Second year coach Shirley Duncan led the Lady Lancers to a 16-10 mark in 1983-84. Duncan is optimistic about this year's squad but she is also mindful of a schedule which is

considerably tougher. "I think we helped ourselves by recruiting some good players," said the coach. "We could have a better team this year but not as good a record because of the schedule." Longwood, Mount St. Mary's, Pittsburgh-Johnstown, Liberty Baptist and Maryland Baltimore County will take part in the first year of women's basketball for the Mason-Dixon Athletic Conference. The teams will compete for a regular season conference crown. The Mount, in Division II, and UPJ, in Division III, have ranked among the top teams in the country in recent years. The Lady Lancers will be playing District of Columbia, another strong Division II club on opening night November 26. "We have a very challenging schedule." said Duncan, "but, I believe our team has the ability to respond to the challenge." Strong leadership and experience will come from a trio of seniors who have been with the Lady Lancer team three years. Forwards Valerie Turner and Florence Holmes and swing player Mariana Johnson have been the backbone of the team the past two seasons.

The 1984-85 Lady Lancer Basketball Team- Front (I to rl Florence Holmes. Valerie Turner, Mariana Johnson Second row - Assistant Coach Nanette Fisher, Pat Irvine, Melanie Lee, Barbie Burton, Karen Boska. Kellie Jordan, Head Coach Shirley Duncan. Third row - Manager Kay Segraves. Caren Forbes. Angie Wingate (no longer with the team). Angie Hill, An nette Easterling, and Manager Jennifer Zirkle.

Turner blossomed into one of the top women cagers in the country last season. The 5-8 senior averaged 18.4 points and 14.5 rebounds while reaping a truck load of post-season honors. Both Turner and Holmes are good bets to top the

Riders Compete FARMVILLE, VA-Last Friday, the Longwood riding team traveled to Virginia to compete in a show with nine other colleges. Bethanne McCarron led the team in points with a first place in novice over fences and a third place in novice on the flat. Lisa Nelson placed second in intermediate over fences and third in intermediate on the flat. Newcomer to the team, Rainey Bishop placed fourth in novice over fences and fifth in novice on the flat. Mary Brockwell finished fifth in novice over fences and sixth in open on the flat. Leanne Lawson and Robin Levy placed third and sixth respectively in advanced walk-trot-canter Cynthia Settle placed third in beginner walk-trot-canter The Lancers next riding show will be December 2 at Lynchburg College

(Continued on Page 7)

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Page 10

THE ROTUNDA/Tuesday, November 13, 1984

Lancer Basketball to Open Season Special to the Rotunda Longwood's men's basketball team, with four returning starters and eight veteran players, opens its 1984-85 basketball season this week with an exhibition contest against Court Authority and an appearance in the Coalfield Progress Tournament at Clinch Valley. The Lancers will host Court Authority, an AAU team of former Richmond-area college stars, Tuesday at 7:30 in Lancer Hall. Top name players on the squad include Kevin Wood, Ren Watson, Monty Knight, Danny Kottak. Mike Owens and Ray Epps. Longwood will open regular season play in the Clinch Valley Tournament Friday-Saturday. The Lancers will take on Brescia at 7 p.m. and Clinch Valley will play Piedmont at 9 p.m. in opening night action Friday. Consolation and championship games are slated for Saturday at 7 and 9p.m. Life After Kersey? Longwood's basketball program will find out this year if there is life after Jerome Kersey. Lancer coach Cal Luther says it is a gross understatement to say that the Portland Trailblazer rookie will be difficult to replace. And, he's not just talking about the 19.6 points and 14.2 rebounds the 6-7, 220-pounder

averaged tor Longwood last season. "We have already missed him as much in practice as we will in games," says the -coach. "He was such a great competitor that he made everyone around him " hustle every day." "This could be the most challenging year for us since I came to Longwood," said Luther. "We've got to try and replace Kersey's ability inside, but we have only four players on our roster who are taller than 63." On the plus side Luther says Longwood should be an improved shooting team in 198485. "We had three new faces in the lineup last year, and those three players should be more confident with the experience gained last season." Stan Hull, a 6-3 junior, Kevin Ricks, a 6-3 sophomore, and David Strothers, a 6-6 senior, will be counted on to help Longwood better its shooting percentage. Strothers, who averaged 5.7 rebounds and 11.7 points, is the top returning rebounder, while 6-3 junior Lonnie Lewis scored most of his 14 ppg. from outside last season. Hull, a probable starter at guard, has missed a week of preseason practice with an ankle injury.

Providing depth at the guard positions will be veterans Frank Tennyson, a 5-8 junior, and Eric Pittman. a 6-2 sophomore. Senior Tim Wilson was a valuable reserve last season at small forward and could break into the lineup with more consistent play. Dave Edwards, a 6-6 junior, appears to have the best shot at filling Kersey's position in the middle. He played in 24 games last season, averaging 3.3 ppg. Four Newcomers If Longwood is to equal or improve on last season's 15-12 record, incoming junior college players 6-2 Kenneth Fields, and 6-3 Lionell Ogburn and 6-7 Boudewijn van Beest and 6-5 Mike Leake, both freshmen, will have to make major contributions. Fields, a strong leaper and rugged player inside, is in contention for a starting position. Ogburn has also played well and may be a starter. Longwood will be pointing toward play in the Mason-Dixon Athletic Conference which begins in January. The Lancers, 7-3 and runner-up to RandolphMacon last season, have been picked sixth by the coaches and fourth by the conference sports information directors in a preseason poll for the six-team league.

All-American Case: All Business? By Michele Williams The Longwood College soccer team, which has lost only 15 games in four years, has never had one of its members play professional soccer. However, Darryl Case, Longwood's only three-time AllAmerican soccer player, and recipient of numerous athletic awards, will soon be eligible for professional soccer tryouts. Case has been at Longwood for five years and will graduate in December 1984. thus qualifying him for a professional tryout in the spring. Case began playing soccer his sophomore year of high school In Cincinnati, Ohio where he was born and raised "I never picked up a ball before than (sophomore year) but. when

you quit growing you can't play much football," he said jokingly. Now, seven years later, Case's natural skill on the soccer field have proven beneficial to his future outlook. Case withdrew from the University of Cincinnati after one semester, and his cousin, who played soccer for Longwood at the time, talked him into pursuing his talents on the Lancer field Even though Longwood was considerably smaller than the University of Cincinnati. Case said that he "liked the 'smallness" of Longwood because 1 am more of a standout student playing here then I ever would have been at such a large school as the University of Cincinnati." Evidently, he has been and continues to be a

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standout student. With a 3.0 average he has been on the athletes honor roll for five semesters, and at the same time has been an important link in Longwood's defensive team. Even though graduation is quickly approaching Case is undecided as to what his future plans will be "A few pro coaches have talked with me, but, right now it's up in the air as to what I'll end up doing," he said. Rich Posipanko, the head coach of the Lancer soccer team, believes that Case has a good chance of making it professionally. Coach Posipanko said that "Darryl will definitely be offered a couple of tryouts. but. whether or not he will make it I can't say." Posipanko feels that Case is a natural athlete but needs "a slight readjustment of his attitude so that he really wants, because the ability to do is there," Posipanko said. Since Case is the only athlete in the history of the All American team to be chosen three consecutive years his shot at the pros is greater. Whatever Case decides to do "he will be successful at it-business, soccer—anything," Posipanko said

The 1984-85 Longwood Basketball Team —Front row (I to r) Frank Ten nyson. Kenneth Fields, Eric Pittman. Stan Hull. Statistician Kenny Ed wards. Second row: Head Coach Cal Luther. Dave Edwards. Boudewijn van Beest. David Strothers. Tim Wilson. Assistant Coach Ernest Neal. Third row: Lionell Ogburn. Kevin Ricks. Lonnie Lewis Mike Leake and managers Bob Clater and Chris Douglas were absent

New P.E. Courses Announced Why not do something different with your Physical Education credit next semester0 Downhill Skiing, PED III. will be traveling to Killington, Vermont, on Jan. 6-11. 1985. Included in the price of the trip is: five days lodging in a condominium with kitchen, five days of lift tickets on six mountains, five days of lessons and seminars, round-trip bus transportation and local shuttle bus at Killington. Other activities are included as part of the college ski weeks at one of the nicest ski resorts in the East. Whether you are a beginner, intermediate or expert skier, you will find this an excellent opportunity for the price: $328.90 (includes taxes). There will be an informational meeting in Lancer Hall on Monday, November 12 at 7 p.m. For water enthusiasts, a course in Advanced Scuba and Coral Reef Ecology (PED 312)

will be offered in the Bahamas over spring break, March 8-18. 1985 From the Dive Shop in Richmond, students will travel to Fort Lauderdale. fly to Nassau, and board the dive boat "The Bottom Time". Participants will spend five days in the Exumas (southern Bahama Islands), practicing Advanced Open Water Scuba skills, and studying the environment of the Atlantic coral reefs. Another aquatic course. Canoeing and River Paddling (PE 126). will be offered during the last half of the second semester. Students will spend time in the pool and the classroom learning basic skills. On several weekends in the spring the class will travel to local rivers and experience the challenge of Whitewater. An informational meeting will be held in Lancer Hall on Tuesday. January 15 at 7:30 p.m.


THE ROTUNDA/Tuesday, November 13, 1984

Page 11

Grapplers Compete in N.C. By Jim Winkler The 1984-85 edition of the Longwood wrestling team had its second competition in the Winston-Salem State Tournament last week-end with three members placing well. Junior Tim Fitzgerald placed second in the 118 weight class, sophomore Pete Whitman third in the 142 weight class and junior Tommy Eaves fourth in the 158 class. Senior Steve Albeck made it to the semifinals in the 150 class but defaulted due to an injured shoulder. Also competing for Longwood Friday-Saturday were Mark Cary 118 weight class. 126 pounder Long Phan. 142 pounder Tommy Gilbert, 158 pounder David Moffett, 167 pounder Billy Howard. 177 pounders Kenny Lewis and David Taylor. 190 pounder Tracy Kilby and heavyweight Jesus Strauss. Head coach Steve Nelson feels his team is much more improved from last year "For the first time we have balance in all weight classes and are fairly competitive in upperweights." said Nelson. "Although the team is inexperienced, the wrestlers have a good team attitude and are working to improve." The Lancers returned eight from last year with Fitzgerald. Albeck. Gilbert and Howard

leading the way. William Mit chell, a 150 pounder, and 158 pounders Jim Seltzer and Moffett. and Timmy Chastain, 134 pounds, also returned Three state champions head the newcomers to the squad — freshmen Taylor and Lewis who are competing for the 177 weight class and Strauss, who was the private school state champion. Other newcomers include 150 pounder Neal Sweeney and 167 pounder John Bellflower. Sweeney suffered an injury in the spring, but should be able to compete in January. Cary, Whitman, Eaves, Kilby and Phan round out the list of newcomers. Coach Nelson has set two goals for his team—one is to have a winning season and the other is to be one of the top two teams in the region. "If we wrestle well we have the potential to reach these two goals," said the Lancer coach. "We face our toughest schedule ever including Division I schools, Virginia Tech, VMI. William and Mary and Brown, so it will be a challenge." added Nelson. Longwood will next compete in the Pembroke State Tournament November 16-17. The team's first home match is set for November 27 against Lynchburg and Chowan at 6:00 p.m.

January

26 3 5 7 8

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A Liberty Baptist

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February

March

29 31 2 6 8 9 11 13 18 21 23 26 1-2

A-Foxy Lady Tournament (Francis Marion) (8 schools) A-William & Mary H BRIDGEWATER H MOUNT ST. MARY'S A Randolph Macon H LIBERTY BAPTIST H HAMAPTON INSTITUTE A Maryland Baltimore Co. A NC Greensboro HRADFORD H MARY WASHINGTON A Mount St. Mary's A Pittsburgh-Johnstown A-Liberty Invitational Tournament at Liberty Baptist with Mount St. Mary's. Longwood and Maryland Baltimore Co.

Home Games in CAPITAL LETTERS Mason Dixon Athletic Conference Games in bold

FARMVILLE, VA-Freshman heavyweight Jesus Strauss won the heavyweight title in the James Madison Takedown Tournament November 3 and for his performance, Strauss has been named Longwood College Player of the Week. Player of the Week is chosen by the Longwood Sports Information Office. Strauss pinned Chowan's Gannon in the second period after trailing 13-4 to win the tournament title. In compiling a 3-0 tourney record. he decisioned Cowne of Virginia Tech in the semifinals and beat

Gross of Elon 12-0 in the opening round. "Jesus wrestled very well in his first collegiate competition," said coach Steve Nelson. "He is extremely quick and mobile for his size." "We are very fortunate to have a wrestler of his experience and ability in our program. As he matures. 1 anticipate he will become an outstanding heavyweight." Strauss, is a graduate of Fork Union Military Academy and he was State Private School champion last year in the heavyweight division.

Lady Golfers Break Records Longwood's women's golf team finished up a recordbreaking fall season Wednesday afternoon at MacGregor Downs Country Club in Cary, North Carolina with a fifth place finish out of seven teams in the North Carolina State Invitational Tournament. Duke won the 54-hole event with a 306-317-308-931. Longwood scored a 329-332 334-995. Competing for the Lady Lancers were Lanie Gerken 8085-77-242. Tina Barrett 82-82 -

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85-249, Marcia Melone 85-78 87-250. Nancy Ryan 84-87-85256 and Carol Rhoades 83-90 90-263. The tourney was Longwood's last until the spring season begins in March.

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Page 12

THE ROTUNDA Tuesday, November 13, 1984

The Equal Rights Amendment: A Lifetime Guarantee What docs the ERA provide? Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex The ERA provides that women and men are equal under the law. This does not mean that women and men are the same, but that the law cannot treat them differently solely because of their sex ERA applies to government action, but not to private action. Constitutional amendment is our highest form of lawmaking It is a method used sparingly (only 26 times in our 200 year history), and only when there is a need to establish a principle not yet included in the Constitution. For example, race discrimination was not illegal under the Constitution until 1868, the year the fourteenth amendment was adopted The principle that women and men are equal before the law is not now expressed in the Constitution. Because our Constitution does not contain a guarantee of equal rights for women and men under the law, the nation's statute books and government practices have always closed doors and limited opportunities solely on the basis of sex. Throughout our history, legislators have passed numerous laws that mandate or presuppose different roles for men and women. These laws harm all people whose talents, preferences, or life situations make them unable or unwilling to conform to the stereotype for their sex Until five years ago, the Supreme Court consistently upheld even the most blatantly arbitrary and unjust laws—laws that said women couldn't be lawyers or bartenders, laws that effectively kept women off juries, laws that limited women's working hours and thus denied them overtime pay and promotions In 1971, the Court began to find some sex discriminatory laws unconstitutional, but the Court's position vacillates from case to case In 1974, for example, the Court held that it was not even sex discrimination to deny pregnant workers disability payments for their pregnancy-related disabilities when all other workers were entitled to disability payments, whatever the cause of their disability Men, too, felt the impact of unequal laws when the Court ruled that same year that needy widowers could be denied property tax exemptions available to widows Such laws are unjust because they use gender rather than ability or need to determine an individual's rights, responsibilities and benefits The effect of these laws is to steer people into sex tracks and to deny them freedom to choose the path marked out by their own capacities and aspirations Some sex discriminatory laws were intended to serve worthy purposes, but those purposes can be accomplished more effectively by legislation based on what people do, rather than who they are —women or men Laws

can treat people according to their function rather than their sex. For example, laws that keep women off juries have been premised on the belief that mothers want to stay home to take care of their children; such laws can be rewritten to excuse from jury service any person (man or woman) actually engaged in caring for a child or other dependent relative. A law written in this manner protects women and men who need to stay home because of the job they are doing there. At the same time, a law so written would assure that greater numbers of women, including all those without dependent care responsibilities, will serve on juries. Similiarly. tax exemptions designed to help needy elderly people can be written to help all such needy persons (whether male or female. Adoption of the ERA is necessary to safeguard to all persons the right to pursue their individual talents and capacities free of sex discrimination. This assurance will be accomplished by the ERA's firm direction for an end to outmoded sex-role stereotyping in laws and governmental practices. Government should not pigeon-hole people on the basis of their sex Rather, it should respond to the needs of individuals and the functions they perform. Only by amending our Constitution to provide for equal treatment for men and women under the law can we thoroughly and comprehensively wipe out the sex discrimination that has pervaded our legal system for the past two hundred years, and insure equal justice in the future. Does the equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendment eliminate sex discrimination? No. The equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendment was adopted after the Civil War for one central purpose—to prohibit race discrimination In the current century, the United States Supreme Court has interpreted that clause in race cases with unyielding vigor; race discrimination is consistently declared impermissible under the equal protection clause This is not the case with sex discrimination Not until 1971 did the Supreme Court rule in favor of a woman who complained of unconstitutional sex discrimination. Since then, the Court has upheld sex discrimination in some cases and rejected in others This inconsistency shows that the fourteenth amendment, though it supplies a clear principle to guide the Court's action in race discrimination cases, does not provide such a principle in cases of sex discrimination. The ERA would provide that principle —it would reflect the public consensus that sex discrimination is a matter of national concern and that its eradiction is a national priority. Why not eradicate sex discrimination through statutory reform? First, there is a fundamental difference between statutory reform

and constitutional amendment. Only the latter provides a basic principle, cutting across all areas of official, governmental action, and superseding all sex discriminatory laws, regulations, policies and practices. Much of the sex discrimination people encounter is the result not of sex discriminatory statutes, but of unwritten policies and practices For example, failure to give the same vocational training to women in prisons as is given to men is not generally the result of a discriminatory statute —it is generally a matter of practice. Statutory reform would not necessarily change it. The ERA. however, would provide a firm legal basis for challenging that sex discrimination. In addition, statutory change is often a slow process. Legislatures generally undertake basic reform only in response to irresistible pressure. The ERA would provide that pressure. It has already provided the impetus for significant change in many state legislatures. If the ERA dies, we can expect reform efforts to be shelved while legislatures turn to business they consider more urgent Finally, it is easier to pass a sex discriminatory law than to repeal a constitutional amendment. Only a constitutional amendment provides protection for the future, insuring that government will not attempt to reinstitute old forms of discrimination What will the ERA do? The most important across-theboard effect the ERA will have is to outlaw sex discrimination by government in much the same way the fourteenth amendment outlaws race discrimination. No longer will courts have leeway to uphold sex discriminatory practices as they have, often casually or even flippantly, for the past hundred years As recently as 1976. for example, a United States Court of Appeals ruled that girls could be barred from a public, all-male, prestige high school even though that school offered science facilities —such as a planetarium and cyclotron —not available in the supposedly "comparable" girls' school. Under the ERA, "separate but equal" public schools would be as illegal for boys and girls as they are now for blacks and whites. The ERA would reach a broad range of widely used sexdiscriminatory laws and government practices. For example, the ERA would outlaw securely and permanently these practices harmful to women •all discrimination in public schools, from de facto segregation of vocational schools to exclusion of women from athletics programs; •discrimination in public em ployment such as that which relegates women to the lowest-paid jobs; •discrimination against pregnant workers which denies them such

government benefits as unemployment compensation when they are able to work anp temporary disability payments when they are unable to work; •denial of social security and other government benefits to the families of employed women, when those benefits are paid to the families of employed men; •denial to women prisoners of education and recreation benefits commonly given men, such as law libraries, physical exercise facilities or training for more highly paid "men's" jobs; •prosecution of female (but not male) juveniles for minor offenses like staying out late; •quotas on women's enlistment in the military, and bars on such vocational opportunity as pilot training; •requirements that married women use their husband's surnames, rather than their own birth names, for such purposes as voting or motor-vehicle registration; •all sex-based legal presumptions with regard to the ownership or control of marital property, for example, presumptions that all household goods are owned by the husband; and •statutory age differences which, for example, subject girls to juvenile offender laws punishing noncriminal behavior until they are 18 but boys only until they are 16, or establish different ages of majority for various legal purposes. The ERA would also end the attitude embodied in the law that women are second-class citizens with second-class responsibilities. If a military draft is reenacted, both men and women will be subject to the draft; parents with child-care responsibilities could be exempt, of course, as long as the exemption applied to both men and women. Similarly, women will be equally responsible for jury duty, and men and women alike will be excused when child or other dependent care obligations conflict with jury service. Finally, alimony (maintenance) and child support laws will not rest on the notion that all men are independent breadwinners and all women are dependent caretakers of home and children. Dependent men who have fulfilled homemaker and child-rearing roles will be entitled to maintenance and child support if their wives are family breadwinners; dependent women in the same situation would continue to be entitled to maintenance for themselves and support for children in their custody. Will the ERA wipe out the right of a woman and her children to be supported by her husband? No This scurrilous misrepresentation has been advanced by ERA opponents to scare

the public. The ERA would require that any support be written in a sex neutral fashion—i.e.. that support flow from the spouse able to give it to the spouse who needs it. In most cases, this means support will run from the husband to the wife and children. No spouse who needs support would be denied it as a result of the ERA As a practical matter, most states have already conformed their support laws to this sex neutral principle. Thirty-three states now have support laws that do not designate the sex of the spouse on whom the support obligation is placed. The dwindling minority of states that still have sex-discriminatory support laws will have two years from the day the ERA is adopted to rewrite their law in a sex neutral fashion. It is preposterous to suggest that any sane legislature would repeal support laws altogether.rather than extend the right to support to dependent men. Not only would that be senseless from a public policy point of view, it would also be political suicide for any legislator who voted for repeal.

In the unlikely circumstance that a state does not rewrite a single-sex support law. a court might have to do the job. Opponents of the ERA say that courts would invalidate nonconforming support laws, leaving needy women and children bereft of support. This too is not true In deciding what to do with nonconforming laws, courts would be guided by the ERA's legislative history—that is, by favorable Congressional committee reports and statements of the ERA's Congresssional sponsors or of committee members supporting the ERA. The ERA legislative history on support laws unequivocally states that . . where one spouse is the primary wage earner and the other runs the home, the wage earner would have a duty to support the spouse who stays at home in compensation for the performance of her or his duties. (Senate Judiciary Committee's Majority Report, as reprinted in the Congressional Record, March 22, 1972)

Guided by this legislative history, courts would extend a single-sex support law to the previously excluded sex in order to save its constitutionality Thus, a genuinely dependent husband would be able to seek maintenance payments from a breadwinner wife under this extension principle If a breadwinner husband were to try to avoid paying maintenance to a dependent wife, by arguing that a single-sex support law should be invalidated under the ERA, the court would likely find he was not the proper party to raise the issue, since he was not arguing for extension of support as Congress intended


Rotunda vol 64, no 11 nov 13, 1984