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A BEGINNERS GUIDE TO SPEED CONTROLLERS

GolfCarting

August 2020 Issue 3

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CHECK OUT OUR COVER STORY:

Negative Camber

GOLFCARTING.COM

A CART WE ALL WISH WE HAD

WHEEL OFFSET 101

WE DEMYSTIFY WHEEL OFFSET SO YOU DON'T HAVE TO

HOW TO INSTALL A GOLF CART LIFT KIT


TABLE OF CONTENTS

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CONTENTS ISSUE 3 AUGUST 2020

FEATURES

12 NEGATIVE CAMBER 18 WHEEL OFFSET 101 22 A BEGINNERS GUIDE TO SPEED CONTROLLERS 24 RELION LITHIUM BATTERIES 28 HOW TO INSTALL A GOLF CART LIFT KIT 38 5 TIPS TO MAINTAIN YOUR GOLF CART BATTERIES 40 COTEAU CUSTOM CARTS 46 ASK THE MECHANIC DEPARTMENTS

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8 INDUSTRY NEWS 38 LET'S GET SOCIAL 44 GOLF CART PRODUCTS 50 READERS RIDES



The Rise of the NEV and LSV My wife and I live on the Gulf Coast of Florida and are in the market for a new house. There is massive growth here in SW Florida and while this region is known as a senior-dominated retirement haven, family-oriented, masterplanned communities are popping up like mushrooms in a cow pasture. We visited some models in a handful of brand-new 1000+ home communities, many of which are in the early stages of development. These communities follow a pattern. Three-to-four builders offering a half dozen models of various shapes and sizes. A massive community center with a water-park style community pool, fitness center, recreation center, and even restaurants and shops in some cases. As we wound through these housing utopias we were struck by the vehicular dominance of neighborhood electric vehicles (NEVs) and lowspeed vehicles (LSVs). They were everywhere. They filled the parking lots of the community centers and outnumbered cars on the streets. The NEV even effected the home designs. Some of the models we viewed designated the third-car garage as the “cart” garage and we noticed that these spaces had shorter, narrower entrances, capable of housing only the smallest of automobiles or electric carts. I recently stumbled on a report conducted by MarketsAndMarkets.com that projects the global Low-Speed Vehicle (LSV) market will grow to a market size of USD 6.3 billion by 2025 from 4.2 billion in 2020. This represents an astounding compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.6%. Much of this growth will be in the commercial segment but the neighborhood NEV or LSV will account for a large part of this industry growth. We all know about The Villages in Florida where there are 50,000+ golf carts and Peach Tree City, GA which boasts “no cars needed”. But these once outlier communities are becoming more and more mainstream. South Carolina, Arizona, Texas, Georgia, California and of course Florida are normalizing NEV-friendly communities and the economic impact on the electric cart industry is going to be massive. This year’s PGA Merchandise show brought attention to this shift from golf course to neighborhood. E-Z-GO, Club Car and Yamaha still had their half-acre exhibits and showcased their latest models which are brilliant. But I was struck by both the increase in LSV and NEV OEMs and the sophistication of their products. Tomberlin, Star EV, ICON, Evolution, these represented the new breed of electric vehicles and did so with very impressive offerings. The accessory market is benefiting from this trend in a big way. I’ve always been blown away by the countless ways to spend money accessorizing a golf cart. But this year at the PGA Show I literally got lost in the accessories. Sound bars, lithium batteries, cart air conditioners, Bluetooth gadgetry, brush guards, exotic seat covers, the choices are endless. We are in the middle of a vehicle revolution and it probably does not bode well for the future of conventional automobile makers. The NEV and the LSV are the future and as laws change and OEM’s start making them faster, safer and more efficient, we are going to see more communities accommodate them and see cities create more ways to allow their usage on a larger scale. It’s certainly going to be fun to watch.

Trevor Rose Senior Editor Trevor@golfcarting.com

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GolfCarting M

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GOLF CARTING // Issue 3 // August 2020

Publisher: Senior Editor: Creative Director: Production Director: Staff Writer: Staff Photographer:

GC Media Group, LLC Trevor Rose - trevor@golfcarting.com Troy Merrifield - troy@golfcarting.com Christian Amico - chris@golfcarting.com Josh Delsota, Chris Anderson Josh Delsota, Chris Anderson

Golf Carting® is published monthly by GC Media Group, LLC. Reprinting in whole or by any means- electronic, graphic or mechanical, including photocopying or information storage and retrieval systems is forbidden without written permission from the publisher. Editorial contributions are welcomed, but editors recommend that contributors contact us first. Contribution must be accompanied by return postage, and we assume no responsibility for damage or loss of material. Manuscripts must be typewritten, and all photos have to have captions. Photo model releases of all people in photos must accompany manuscript. GOLF CARTING reserves the right to use material, and we reserve the right to edit material to meet publication requirements. E-mail contributions or inquiries to:

trevor@golfcarting.com WARNING: Certain action photographs depicted in this magazine are potentially dangerous. The drivers and vehicle occupants seen in our photos are experienced professionals. Do not attempt to duplicate any stunts. Wear a helmet and safety restraints while operating a Golf Cart, and never drive beyond your capabilities. Do not drink and drive while operating a Golf Cart. We also encourage you to “Tread Lightly” while respecting the outdoors and other outdoor enthusiasts. Use your head and enjoy the ride. ©2020 GC Media Group, LLC Stay connected with Golf Carting Magazine

https://www.facebook.com/golfcarting https://www.instagram.com/golfcartingmag/

www.golfcarting.com



latestindustrynews BINTELLI RELEASED BEYOND SERIES OF LOW SPEED VEHICLES Charleston, SC – For the last two years, Bintelli has been hard at work developing its vision of a new line of electric vehicles, the Bintelli Beyond. What once was just an idea has finally started to roll off the production line. Packed with more standard features than any other brand of street legal golf cart in its price point, the Bintelli Beyond is already the talk of the industry. Each Bintelli Beyond is built in South Carolina and includes an aluminum chassis, Bluetooth sound

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system, reverse camera, AC motor, 3-point seat belts, 14” wheels, premium two-tone seats, LED lighting, 4-wheel hydraulic disc brakes, onboard smart charger… and more. Bintelli President, Justin Jackrel adds, “As an LSV manufacturer for the better part of two decades now, we knew our newest lineup had to wow not only our dealer family, but also their retail customers… and I couldn’t be happier! There isn’t a single cart in our current price point that has all of these standard features. The aluminum frame is really important to us because most of our customers live within driving distance of the water. Additionally, over the last several years we have seen that customers wanted sound systems, reverse cameras, and larger wheels… so we just decided to include them with each cart. After all of the hard


work our team has put into this project, it’s exciting to finally be able to start shipping the Bintelli Beyond line-up to dealers and customers across the country!” Bintelli offers exclusive territories for its dealers and is running its Beyond program independently from its other product lines, meaning that many territories across the country, and internationally, are still available for interested dealers. To keep up with the increased demand, Bintelli has added seven new employees in the last six weeks. Bintelli Vice President, Jason Perske adds, “We work hand in hand with our dealers to constantly improve our products and offerings. The feedback we've received over the years has helped shape the Beyond program. Including premium equipment in a turnkey package is what our dealerships and customers have both been looking for, and now we've made that a reality. I’m proud of our team for all the hard work they’ve put into this project and I’m excited to share these incredible LSV’s with everyone.” Bintelli has partnered with Northpoint Commercial Finance to floorplan units for its dealers. The Bintelli Beyond will start shipping to dealers in early August and the first production runs are already selling out quickly. “This initial roll-out is just the beginning. We have new colors, features, and add-ons already in the works to release over the next few months.” Jackrel adds.

If you are interested in carrying the Bintelli Beyond lineup, contact Bintelli directly at (866) 5428677 or email Sales@Bintelli.com. About Bintelli: Bintelli is a Charleston, SC based powersports manufacturer and distributor specializing in electric vehicles, electric bicycles, gas powered scooters and mopeds, golf carts, and low speed vehicles. They have been in the industry since 2005 and are continuously expanding product lines and the Bintelli Authorized Dealer Network. In 2016 and 2017, Bintelli was named on the Inc5000 list marking it as one of the fastest growing companies within the powersports industry. More information about Bintelli’s wholesale offerings of electric vehicles, golf carts, and LSVs can be found at www.BintelliEV.com.

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latestindustrynews PACER: SINGLE RIDER GOLF CART SURREY, British Columbia — DSG Global (OTCQB: DSGT) announced that the first Vantage Golf Pacer arrived this week at the Dragon Fly Golf Club in Madera, California. This is the commencement of the marketing campaign for the vehicle. Vantage Tag Systems (VTS) is currently finalizing its worldwide distributor/dealer network with 40 seasoned distributors/ dealers in North America and 30 in other parts of the world. A similar program will commence in the Europe, Asia, Australia and New Zealand on August 1st. VTS will also be ordering up to 25 containers (700 units) of the Pacer for installation on various golf courses throughout North America, offering one of its three unique styles. The program is designed to allow the course extra cash flow and the ability to follow COVID-19 Social Distancing Protocols while reducing germs and contamination. Simultaneously, The Pacer single rider golf cart allows courses to increase the pace of play significantly over the more common and less efficient two passenger carts. They also come standard equipped with the Vantage Tag System which is upgradeable to the Infinity Screen. The Pacers come in various colors and extra features designed for the individual market, especially gated communities, and is allowed to be road driven in certain states. Each cart comes with the Fleet Management Tracking software the company is known for. Please visit www.vantage-tag.com safe greens for pictures and additional information. “Due to current events, this is a highly valued and sought after product. We have generated significant preliminary interest and will begin taking orders this month. It is our goal to sell several thousand of these vehicles during the next twelve months and based on pre-commitments this number should be easily attainable. We have been able to fund this program without adding additional equity, thereby avoiding significant dilution. The company now has multiple significant revenue streams, all of which are accelerating,” stated Bob Silzer, President and CEO.

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AYRO ELECTRIC VEHICLE PRODUCTION CAPACITY INCREASES 200% AUSTIN, TX / ACCESSWIRE / AYRO, Inc. (AYRO), a manufacturer of light-duty, emissions-free electric vehicles, today announced the completion of its factory expansion in Austin from 10,000 square feet to 24,000 square feet. The expansion includes new assembly lines and additional engineering and product development facilities to accommodate new staffing in battery technology, powertrain, supply chain, service and application services solutions. “Our previous facility was only capable of producing up to 200 vehicles per month and we knew that we would soon outgrow its capabilities if we met our projected growth targets,” said Rod Keller, Chief Executive Officer of AYRO. “The capital infusions we received over the past few months have enabled us to complete the new expansion and accelerate our growth plans. The new manufacturing facility was designed to allow us to handle up to 600 electric vehicles per month, representing a 200% increase in production against a 140% expansion of floor space. Rod Keller added, “Our position within the electric vehicle market should be strengthened by our manufacturing capacity expansion and our presence in Austin. Tesla is on the verge of finalizing its newest and largest $1 billion “gigafactory” in Austin, while Hyliion, an Austin-based electricpowered heavy-duty truck company is expected to merge with Tortoise Acquisition Corp. later this year. Austin is fast becoming a powerful force in the electric vehicle industry and we are thrilled to be right in the middle of it with our great product line-up and fleet sales orientation for purpose-built vehicles. Underlying the expected demand for our vehicles – both existing models and newly engineered designs nearing completion – is the coronavirus pandemic which continues to force businesses to rethink campus and urban mobility relative to accelerating on-demand delivery models. Our electric vehicles have the potential to be a part of this changing landscape for how food, goods, equipment, materials and related items are transported.” AYRO is positioning itself as an emerging leader in the purpose-built electric vehicle market by partnering with institutional brands like Club Car and other global leaders in marketing, manufacturing, and other strategic areas to serve a large growing global market.



COVER STORY

Negative Owner: Teva Wache Location: Gretna,LA Club Affiliation: Negative Camber

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e're always on the lookout for custom carts that we can feature in the magazine, and when one catches our eyes we reach out to the owner. Our best source has been, of course, social media. When we stumbled across Teva's 1996 E-Z-GO TXT on Instagram, we knew we had to get in contact with him. We DM'd him and he was for sure up to it. We asked him to take some photos and get us some info on his cart. Luckily for us,

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Camber

STORY BY TEVA WACHE // PHOTOGAPHY BY CHELSEA WACHE

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Teva's son bought the cart for his dad as a fathers day present. Together, they built one sick ride.

Teva's build inspiration, for his cart, was his current crew cab Chevy Dually build his wife is a photographer and she took some amazing pics of Teva's cart. Let's check out what Teva has to say about his cart. “I’ve owned a couple carts before this one and had done some mild mods to them but had always wanted to build a full custom. This cart was purchased as a non-running stock cart by my 17-year-old son as a Father’s Day present after him hearing me tell a friend I wanted to build another one to match my current crew cab Chevy Dually build. I was totally moved by him getting this for me, so I told myself I’d try to build the baddest cart my abilities would allow while showing him the ropes on customizing along the way. Being in the custom car/truck scene since I was his age and being a member of 14 GOLFCARTING.COM

Negative Camber, I had to address every aspect of the cart from suspension to motor work and everything in between. “After doing some searching to see what was hot in the carting scene it was time to start building. Junior and I tore the cart down to a bare chassis and began taking measurements for a one-off air suspension (our club’s motto is World’s Lowest). The goal was to have it as low as possible without extended rockers and keep everything under the stock body. The frame was modified to house the bags and a full custom tubular setup was built and uses 2500 bags front and rear. Air management includes an 8-way valve, compressor and 3-gallon tank. The front axle has been narrowed, flipped, and a tad bit of camber added. All steering components were also modified to allow for the altitude adjustment. The rear differential was also narrowed to tuck the 12” Fairway Alloys wrapped in Fusion 205/30/12 tires. The chassis was blasted and coated with Raptor liner and suspension components painted with Sherwin Williams Automotive Paints in Viper Red. “Now with it on the ground, we moved on to the driveline. Wanting to be different, we opted to convert to gas via a 125cc gas engine with reverse. This was easier said than done since the cart’s rear end had been rotated forward to clear the body and was now on adjustable suspension. A sprocket was added to the differential and custom tensioner setup was made to allow the rear to cycle up and down but remain connected to the motor via chain drive. A 3-gallon


The frame was modified to house the bags and a full custom tubular set up was built and uses 2500 bags front and rear. fuel cell, electric fuel pump and push-to-start were also installed. The custom exhaust was made to exit just ahead of the passenger rear wheel and a Jake’s F/R shifter had been modified to serve as our new 4-speed shifter. “Now that the cart was laid out and moving under its own power, we moved on to paint, seats, and electronics. We clearanced the front body to allow for the wheels, cut a grill opening out front, then sprayed both halves a custom grey/ black to match my body dropped Chevy Dually. A custom mesh grill insert was made and billet club logo installed. Knowing we needed some tunes, a Marine head unit w/

The rear differential was also narrowed to tuck the 12” Fairway Alloys wrapped in Fusion 205/30/12 tires. Bluetooth was installed into a custom dash panel and Rockville Led speakers mounted in pods. The panel houses the keyed ignition, push-to-start, dash switches, gauges and USB charge ports. Eight LED rock lights were mounted for nighttime accents and a four-trumpet train horn under the front body for laughs. I then installed a 12v solar panel to aid charging while parked and jamming the stereo and electronics. The dash and diamond plate floorboard were then Raptor-lined Viper Red to match my truck’s theme. Billet steering wheel wrapped in red vinyl, billet pedals and polished column were also added. My great friend Ron Dantin (@ron_dantin) at RD Audio and

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A marine head unit w/ Bluetooth was installed into a custom dash panel and Rockville Led speakers mounted in pods. The panel houses the keyed ignition, push to start, dash switches, gauges and USB charge ports.

Teva installed a 12v solar panel to aid charging while parked and jamming the stereo and electronics.

Upholstery in Marrero, LA, custom formed the seat foam and stitched the amazing octagon patterns in all red, of course. The high-end look of the seats truly finished off the build. “I’d like to thank my son Teva Jr. for all his help and this awesome Father’s Day gift, my wife Chelsea Wache for always supporting my builds and also taking these rad shots of our cart!! None of this would be possible without you both! A huge thanks to Ron Dantin for his hard work and my NC club brothers and sisters for their support. “ Teva had RD Audio and Upholstery in Marrero, La custom form the seat foam and stitched the amazing octagon patterns in all red of course. The high-end look of the seats truly finished off the build.

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techbasics

101

Wheel OFFSET Demystifying wheel offset S

o you’ve just bought your new golf cart and you’re on a mission to make it look better, function better, and you’re wishing you had more money to do it all, right? Well, one of the first items most people put on their vehicles are tires and wheels. Why, you ask? Well, we all want more traction and a better-looking rig, and a set of tires and wheels is a great way to do it. But not all tires and wheels are created equal, and it’s important to know some of the basics so you can make an educated decision when buying a set. You’ve probably heard of wheel backspacing, wheel offset, different bolt patterns, 1-piece, 2-piece, 3-piece wheels, beadlocks, Measuring inner clearance

aluminum, steel, and all of a sudden you have no idea what to buy, right? There are too many options and too little information to make the right decision. So, what do you do? “Hey buddy, what did you end up getting? I don’t know, but they sure look purty, don’t they? I got them from such-and-such and I love ‘em.” And all of a sudden, you’re calling up suchand-such for the exact same thing, right? Well, if you’re like us, we like to research what our best options are, what’s going to look the best, what’s going to work the best for the type of terrains we ride, etc. before spending our hard-earned money. So, let’s jump in and figure out what all these terms mean. Measuring outer clearance

Stock 7” wheel After market 8” wheel

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Inside or Brake Side

4+3 (positive offset)

0 (zero offset)

3+4 (negative offset)

1. Wheel Offset = Wheel Backspacing The way UTV wheels are labeled are as follows: 4+3 means there’s 4 inches from the inside to the mounting surface of the wheel and 3 inches on the outside of the wheel totaling a 7-inches-wide wheel. So, if you want to move your wheels further out from the center of your vehicle creating a wider stance, the first number needs to be lower than your stock wheels and vice versa. 2. Bolt Patterns Each manufacturer has their own bolt pattern, so make sure you tell the place you’re buying the wheels from which vehicle it’s for. Here’s the most common UTV bolt patterns: A. Yamaha – 4/100mm B. Polaris – 4/156mm C. Arctic Cat – 4/110mm D. Kawasaki – 4/137mm E. Golf Cart – 4 on 4

3 piece OMF Performance wheels


The bolt pattern or bolt circle is the diameter of an imaginary circle formed by the centers of the wheel lugs. A bolt circle of 4/100mm would indicate a 4-lug pattern on a circle with a diameter of 100mm. 3. Wheel Type There’s 1-piece wheels to 3-piece wheels on the market today for Golf Carts. It’s a pretty simple concept and somewhat self-explanatory, and most of it has to do with the looks you desire for your ride. Some wheels like OMF Performance’s latest set are 3-piece wheels with adjustable offset and the ability to swap out the center piece to run on any type of Golf Cart or UTV. 4. Beadlocks These have been around for a long time in the hardcore offroad market, and they’re becoming more and

more prevalent in today’s sport/ recreation riding classes, as well. Please don’t get this confused with fake beadlocks that appear to be the real thing, because that’s not what we’re talking about. A true beadlock is designed to clamp on the outer edge (bead) of the tire to prevent the tire from peeling off the rim under extreme pressure. It used to be that only the racers used these types of wheels, but now it’s proving to be beneficial under all types of riding, because you can run lower air pressures and achieve better traction. I’m sure you’ve heard of popping a bead, and with beadlocks this is virtually impossible to do. 5. Wheel Material The most common types are steel and aluminum. Most of the Golf Carts on the market today come stock with steel wheels, primarily because they’re cheaper to produce and it leaves the aftermarket folks some business. The other option is aluminum, which is what most people will end up with when buying aftermarket wheels. The difference between the two is weight, primarily. Aluminum is quite a bit less in weight when compared to steel, resulting in less rotational force and better acceleration. As far as durability goes, steel is definitely easier to fix if it takes a big hit to the sidewall because you can hit

it with a hammer to beat it back out. Aluminum on the other hand is more brittle than steel, so trying to do an easy trail fix could result in a chipped wheel if you’re not careful. 6. Wheel Diameter The most common size for Golf Carts is 8” in diameter. Due to the stock tire size that typically comes on a Golf Cart, it makes sense that they come stock with 8” wheels. The reason we say that is most come with 18” tires from the factory, which only leaves 5” of sidewall (rubber) to absorb the bumps or while trying to find your ball in the rough on your golf course . But, most people like adding some height and larger wheels to their Golf Carts not only to look better but to perform/handle better, as well. So, when purchasing a set of wheels, you have the option of selecting 10”, 12” or 14” wheels. The larger 14” wheels are definitely becoming more and more popular, because you can run the larger tires and not sacrifice any handling performance. What we mean is that with the larger tires, you will begin to have more sidewall flex resulting in decreased performance on higher speed cornering. But, if you move up in size in both your wheel and tire, the only negative is the added weight, because the ratios can remain almost the same. 7. Wheel Width There’s not a huge need for multitudes of wheel widths for Golf Carts because most tires range from only 8-12” wide. As mentioned above, a 5+2 wheel is a total width of 7”. Typically speaking, a narrower wheel will hold the bead of the tire a little better, but it makes the sidewalls bulge more. If you go with a wider wheel, the opposite holds true. -CGM GOLF CARTING MAGAZINE 19




beginnerstech

A Beginners Guide to Speed Controllers

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Beginner’s Guide to Golf Cart Speed Controllers will explain why the speed controller is truly the heart of your golf cart. Though the speed controller is perhaps the most important part on your cart, many people simply don’t understand how they work or what they do. THE IMPORTANCE OF THE SPEED CONTROLLER Here is a profound statement for you: the main objective of the speed controller is to control the vehicle speed. Operating a DC motor without a controller would send the full battery current and voltage to the motor. Think whiplash. It would cause violent take-offs and put unnecessary stress on your drive components. If your golf cart is running an AC or Brushless DC motor, you won’t be going anywhere without a speed controller. In these specific types of motors, electrical signals fire back and forth which reverse in direction at different times. This must stay consistent, and has to be timed precisely with the motors rotation. The function of the controller in these situations, is to generate the reversing AC signals. Instead of using your useless AC motor, or your full power DC motor, consider installing a speed controller.

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The controller meters out current and voltage on your battery based on user input, whether that be a gas pedal, a throttle, or even pedals on a bicycle. With the controller you are able to control your acceleration and deceleration, as well as the speed at which your vehicle moves. SPEED CONTROLLER FUNCTIONS In addition to controlling the vehicles speed, there are a few other functions that speed controllers can offer, regardless of the motor you are using. • Battery Current Limiter: This protects the battery from excessive discharge. This also pulls back the battery current as it depletes, which prevents cell damage. • Motor Current Limiter: This can protect your vehicle controller and motor from damage if overloaded or stalled. • Thermal Protection: This can protect your controller from overheating. • Monitors the health and charge of your battery. • Throttle Mapping: Easily change the response from your throttle, giving yourself finer control at slow speeds, and more open control at higher speeds.


• Acceleration: Vehicle acceleration can change depending on how much and how fast the throttle is applied. If you have a newer AC motor, you could find your speed controller offering these additional features. • Device Support on SPF ( Speed of Position Feedback): AC motors can require a sensor in order for the controller to operate smoothly and efficiently. • Motor Parameter Setup: Controller requires technical information from the motor in order for the controller to operate efficiently. • Phase Advance or Field Weakening Info: An AC motor can typically run at higher speeds. The speed controller needs setup information in order for this feature to run properly. PROGRAMMING YOUR SPEED CONTROLLER Beyond the already mentioned functions of the speed controller, there are many other features available when programming the controller yourself. If you have a computer or a handheld programmer, then changing the settings on your speed controller is super easy. Today your motor options include brushed permanent magnet, separately excited, series wound, brushless DC, induction AC, and permanent magnet AC. Each of these choices has its own pros and cons, and their own specific requirements when it comes to controllers. Secondly the controller you choose must be able to operate with your rated battery pack voltage. The typical small electric vehicle will operate with battery packs between 24V – 96V, so make sure you’re choosing the right controller for your batteries.

DETERMINING YOUR POWER RATING NEEDED After you have figured out your motor type and battery voltage, consider looking deeper into the current and power rating of your speed controller. This will be based on multiple aspects including the weight and size of the vehicle (load included), your average vehicle speed, and the environment in which your vehicle will be riding in.

The power provided by the controller will obviously change from vehicle to vehicle. For instance, your 3 wheeled mall scooter isn’t going to need the same power as a golf cart pulling a loaded trailer up a hill. This is important stuff! Programming your speed controller to handle how the vehicle will be driven can make a huge difference. Not only will your golf carts mechanical components last longer, but you’ll be able to avoid overheating during operation, depending on your conditions. CHOOSING THE RIGHT CONTROLLER Like I previously stated, you need to make sure you know what your vehicle is going to be used for! If your golf cart is going to be used for transporting 2 people or light loads on flat ground, and smooth roads, a small 200-300 AMP controller with a 2-5 horsepower motor should adequately perform. You’ll find that most vehicles in this category run with 24 to 36 Volt battery packs. If your golf cart is meant to carry multiple passengers, or over rocky and hilly terrain, you’ll need a more powerful drive train. These vehicles will have motors with 5 to 10 horsepower, and controllers that can deliver 300 to 600 AMPS. The battery packs found in these vehicles will most likely be in the 36 to 48 volt range.

FINAL THOUGHTS As you can see, the speed controller is the center of your golf cart, and most of the other modern day electric vehicles. Making sure you choose the right controller for your new custom cart makes all the difference in the vehicle running safely, and smoothly. When upgrading your controller for your golf cart, we suggest working with manufacturers that have spent the time building controllers for your specific brand. This makes it much easier on you as well. The two biggest brands in the business are Curtis and Navitas. If you have your make and model, and the voltage on your batteries, we’re sure that they have the right controller for your custom golf cart. GOLF CARTING MAGAZINE 23


companyprofile

RELION LITHIUM BATTERIES This issue’s Company Profile features RELiON Battery. Lithiumion batteries are taking over as the power choice for golf carts. RELiON Battery has emerged as one of the lithium leaders and we are delighted to have visited with them to bring you some inside-information. COMPANY PROFILE: Company Name: RELiON Battery Company Website: Relionbattery.com Company Headquarters: Rock Hill, SC GCMAG:Tell us what RELiON Battery is all about? RELiON: We manufacture and sell drop-in replacement lithium ion phosphate batteries for many deep cycle battery needs. Applications include RVs, marine craft, and most recently golf cars. We focused our engineering and design team over 24 GOLFCARTING.COM

the last two years to develop a golf car/EV battery that could simply be dropped into existing golf cars without needing to change anything in the car. Our tagline, “Challenge Your Limits”, reflects our philosophy. We like to say you will run out of adventure before you run out of power. We want sports and outdoor enthusiasts to challenge their limits, without worrying if their battery can keep up with them. GCMAG: Who is the owner of RELiON? RELiON: Paul Hecimovich GCMAG: Can you give us a little background? How and when did your company start? RELiON: RELiON CEO, Paul Hecimovich, started in the leadacid battery distribution business with Carolina Energy Distributors in Fort Mill, SC. With a 25-year history, the


company was very successful, but there was an opportunity to go beyond lead-acid batteries as the interest of lithium battery technology was rising given the many advantages of lithium over lead-acid. Several other key members of the CED team saw the trend too. We decided to take advantage of the opportunity to manufacture LiFePo4 batteries and apply them to lead-acid battery applications. From there, RELiON Battery was born. What started with just a few battery industry veterans, turned into the worldwide company we are today. We are now in our fifth year in business with locations in Shenzhen, China, Seattle, and Charlotte. We have a worldwide distribution and a team of over 30 with over 190 years of combined battery experience. GCMAG: Wow that is impressive. How many employees do you have? Tell us about your team. RELiON: We have a worldwide distribution and a team of over 30 individuals. Our team members include Engineering, Marketing, Customer Service, Technical Support, Product Management and Sales. GCMAG: How do you promote your business? RELiON: Mostly online. We sell our batteries direct to consumer on our website. We have a sales team that handles the commercial business. We do some print and are very active on social media. GCMAG: What is the most important business lesson you learned? RELiON: As CEO of RELiON, the experienced and dedicated team we have is what truly sets us apart. I am proud of our technology but equally proud of the team we have assembled. A team with expertise and experience in the battery industry and people that aren’t afraid to push their own limits. We are very deliberate and thoughtful about who we hire and how they will fit our culture. They all have a customer-first mindset and are dedicated to helping customers with their battery needs, whether it is a distributor or end-customer. Our team has circled the globe to educate and train customers on the many feature and benefits of RELiON batteries.

GCMAG: What is the future for RELiON Battery? RELiON: The lithium battery market is growing rapidly. We were one of the first lithium battery companies and started because we saw that the demand for this technology was going to happen. Now we are in the thick of it and are setting ourselves apart through our ability to develop unique products because of our 20+ year experience in the battery world. Our team is comprised of people that have been in the battery industry for years. We noticed a demand for golf cart batteries with lithium technology and received a lot of requests. Every other solution had limitations, so we knew there was a need for a true lithium golf cart battery. We invested heavily in engineering and product development to develop a solution to the problems we were seeing in this market. Through strategic partnerships and a focus on product development, we were able to make our InSight Series unlike any other lithium solution available. The first in the series is our 48V model that was specifically designed as the optimal golf car battery solution; superior to lead-acid batteries and other lithium battery options. The fact that this battery is a drop in and go replacement solution combined with the intelligent BMS means golfers can focus on their game, not their battery. More InSight Series batteries will be released later this year. GCMAG: We are certainly excited to see the new InSight Series batteries. We appreciate you taking the time to talk with us. Is there anything else you’d like to add? RELiON: RELiON is more than a manufacturer of lithium batteries. We are stewards of our environment and communities. We have a program we call Limitless Blue where we use our business as a force for good in everything we do. We are part of an organization called 1% for the Planet where we pledge to donate 1% of revenue each year directly to environmental organizations working to defend our air, land, and water around the world. GCMAG: That’s terrific. Good for you! Thanks again for taking the time to share with us and our readers. For more information on RELiON Battery, visit their website at relionbattery.com. GOLF CARTING MAGAZINE 25


SAVE $500 ON ANY CLUB CAR ONWARD FREE DELIVERY Call us for more information Financing Available • Free Estimates • Pick up/Delivery •Full Service Shop • Scheduled Maintenance • Trades Welcome • New & Used Parts, Carts and Accessories


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doityourself

How to Install a Golf Cart Lift Kit Ryan Fenters is the founder of the popular YouTube Channel called Fentertainment. Ryan creates DIY videos of, in his own words… “dedicated to making, painting, building, modifying and fixing things…” His golf-cart-related DIY videos are very informative and we thought it would be a good idea to transcribe them for you. This is the second video in a four-part series where Ryan transforms a 2014 Club Car Precedent. Ryan shows us step-by-

28 GOLFCARTING.COM

step how to install an All Sports 6-inch lift kit. Ryan Fenters: Previously on the Fentertainment channel, we yanked the motor off of our 2014 Club Car Precedent and sent the motor to Plum Quick where they rebuilt the motor, painted it purple, and called it a “bandit”. We reinstalled it and went from 12 mph to 23 mph. Today we’re installing an All Sports HD 6-inch lift kit along with some Trex wheels and 23-inch tall tires from golfcarttiresupply.com.


My first measurement we are at 8 inches from the ground and at the side of the lower portion of the roof we're at 64.5 inches tall. The back portion, we're at 7.5 inches tall and the back wheel well, we're at 19 inches tall. The front-wheel well, we're at 19 inches tall. This gives us an idea of how much the lift kit and the wheels and tires adds to the height of the golf cart.

stands. Use a 19-millimeter socket and impact to remove the factory golf cart lug nuts, wheels, and tires. To remove the front bumper use a 10-millimeter socket and a 13-millimeter wrench.

We have two boxes here from All Sports. These are the driver and passenger spindles. These are the upper control arms, one per side, and they have heim joints as the top mounting point to the spindles and there’s also heim joints at the bottom portion of the spindles as well. This is your main lower portion of the kit. This is all the hardware. These are the bushings for the rear springs. This is the four-leaf pack heavy duty spring. In order to get started, we're going to switch the golf cart to the off position and set the parking brake.

Place the golf cart in the tow mode and pop the wheel caps off and use a floor jack to jack the cart up. Place jack stands underneath the frame rails behind both of the front wheels and tires and release pressure from the floor jack onto the jack

There's two bolts behind the bumper on the frame rails and once removed the bumper will slide right off. I use a 13/16 socket and an impact to remove the hubs. Remove the tie rod with a 17-millimeter wrench to hold the tie rod in place while we use the impact and an 18-millimeter socket to break it loose. Thread the nut back on to the tie rod. I use a soft blow hammer to gently pry the tie rod out of the spindle and repeat on the other side and then remove the steering rack by removing the bolts with a 13 millimeter socket. You may need to use a pry bar to help give some leverage towards the steering rack.

Remove the lower shaft bolts and the upper control arm bolts with a 13-millimeter socket. You might need to pry the lower shocks away from the top of the spindles. I use the 13-millimeter socket and the impact driver to GOLF CARTING MAGAZINE 29


doityourself suspension. Put the wheels and tires onto the golf cart, jack it up, and remove the jack stands. Done.

remove the factory lower spring of the front suspension and remove the suspension altogether. Before we reassemble the golf cart lift kit, I lay all of my hardware on the ground and make sure everything is included. In order to mount the bottom piece of the new lift kit, we're going to use the hex bolts supplied with the kit along with the factory tow mount and these are going to go underneath the lift kit lower portion onto the frame.

Next, we're going to mount the upper control arms using the bolts that we removed previously and then use the supplied lift-kit hardware to mount the lower shocks and rack back to the golf cart. Use all the bolts that you used for the disassembly process to mount everything back.

Install the spindles on both sides. Be sure to use the hardware provided with the kit. Also, be sure to mount the tie rod to the spindle. We need to remount the hubs that we took away from the factory suspension and we’re going to put the hubs on these new spindles and use the existing nuts that we used from the old 30 GOLFCARTING.COM

Now for the back… Lift the golf cart up, put some jack stands underneath the frame rails. Remove the rear wheels and tires. We first need to remove the nut from the shock on both sides, the lower nuts, and there's going to be a bushing and a washer down there.

We're going to retain those and put it back onto the shock for our next step. Next we're going to remove the u-bolts from one side only because we don't want the motor to tilt down because it’s so heavy. There’s a pin underneath the brake cable with a little spring clip and we’re going to remove the spring clip up the pin and drop the brake cable.

On these leaf springs, this is a mono-leaf. From the center of the axle to the front here is longer than the center of the axle to the rear here to keep the wheel centered in the wheel well. Let's get started installing the new springs. I'm going to take a 15-millimeter socket to remove the nut of the bottom



doityourself

of the shock. Put the shock up and put the nut back on to the shock itself and repeat on the other side. Remove the clip from the brake cable. This is the pin that the clip slid into. Use a 16-millimeter to remove the stuck u-bolt. The brake cable is connected to this bracket here so be sure to leave it connected until the install is complete. We're going to reuse this.

I have the floor jack underneath the golf cart and only supporting the axle on this side while we work and remove the leaf spring. The axle is not resting on the leaf spring so we can go ahead and remove it. There's one bolt here and one bolt on the front and will use a 10-millimeter socket to remove them. We’ll remove the nuts from the inner frame rail. Now, on the nut, there is a bracket that holds the brake cable. You might have to bend that down, so you can get your wrench on it before you go ahead and remove it from this side of the golf cart. It's the same size, a 10 on the front, 13 on the back. Brake light cable is loose. The leaf spring is going to come with the bushings removed.

This is considered a flip kit and looks like a block. It's going to go between the axle and on the bottom of spring is a nut that fits in the center of the opening. Next, attach the top plate. The u-bolts are going to mount perpendicular to the spring, 32 GOLFCARTING.COM

not parallel. The block keeps the axle centered to the leaf spring. We're going to jack the axle back up until it meets the block itself and put the bottom plate on the very bottom. That's going to hold everything in place. Next, we're going to take place the break cable mount. Once you have the passenger side done, go ahead and repeat the process on the driver side. We took the golf cart for a spin and discovered some negative camber.

Whichever side you're starting with, go ahead and remove that tire and where the golf cart is mounted on the hub, the hub is attached to the spindle. The spindle mounts to the upper and lower control arms with a bolt going through a heim joint. I like to screw the lower heim joint on the bottom all the way in and adjust the top heim joint out or in to correct the camber.

Now, once you have the wheel back on the golf cart and golf cart back on the ground, take your straight edge now and check the side against the ground and make sure it's a perfect 90-degree angle. Just repeat the same process on the other side. If you remember correctly, after we installed the Plum Quick Bandit motor the cart went 23 mph. By doing the lift kit and wheels and tires the cart was able to reach a speed of 27 miles per hour.



topfacebookgroups

This is a place where people can talk about problems, solutions, selling golf carts, and anything about golf carts. To help with the spam on this group, please have a profile picture on your profile. Thanks for understanding.

Custom over-the-top golf cart pictures, news, videos, information and more brought to you by Golf Carting Magazine.

34 GOLFCARTING.COM

Custom Golf Cart Enthusiasts #HotGolfCart share your crowd-pleasing fabrications. Discover innovations, new products and solutions such as LIPO conversions with Chevy Volt Lithium Cell Modules.

Dedicated to the Club Car DS and Carryall, this group was formed to share photos and ideas, solve problems and support the model DS community. Buying, selling, and trading is welcome, but do so at your own risk.


E-Z-GO golf cart parts, buy, sell or barter. Hot Golf Cart invites enthusiasts to join, post golf cart-related listings, customization projects and share troubleshooting insight for various models, especially obsolete and vintage. Hot Golf Cart Customizing Chat Room is a Public Group exposing your ad and comments to all FB Members, enjoy #HotGolfCart

A group dedicated to big block swapping GAS golf carts. All GAS engine upgrades allowed. We will delete all posts relating to electric carts, lift kits, light kits, seat kits, etc!

This is where ALL golf cart enthusiast can come and ask any questions they may have on repairs, purchases, We encourage bartering. Parts and anything that has to do with golf carts,we love!!! Bobby and Brent are golf cart Master technicians. They love helping the DIY'ers with all their modified and Stock questions. GOLF CARTING MAGAZINE 35


let'sgetsocial

TAG US IN YOUR PHOTOS WITH #GOLFCARTINGMAG

This just maybe the coolest cruiser around.

One cool way to bring your golf cart with you on the road.

How about a Porsche cart

If you are into hunting, Great Day Incorporated has all the hunting accessories you will need for your Golf Cart .

Not your normal golf cart, but it sure looks fun. One of our favorite carts ever!

36 GOLFCARTING.COM

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#golfcartingmag

YOU MIGHT SEE YOUR POST IN THE NEXT ISSUE!

You know when it has a wheelie bar that it is fast!

Sometimes mud happens on the course.

Ridemodz has one cool tower top for a Club Car.

American theme carts are always a hit! This is essential knowledge to have when picking out wheels.

We can't wait to see some action videos on this cart. GOLF CARTING MAGAZINE 37


golfcarttips

5 TIPS TO MAINTAIN YOUR GOLF CART BATTERIES

Y

ou get into your car early in the morning with your child buckled in the back seat and you’re running late to get said child to school. You turn the key and nothing… nada… zilch. The battery is as dead as a Dodo. Or, you’re leaving the community pool with your family and it’s blazing hot and you get into your golf cart and turn the key and crickets. Whether you are in a car, a golf cart, a boat, RV or motorized hang glider, no one likes a dead battery. So let’s cover some simple, effective ways to make sure

38 GOLFCARTING.COM

your golf cart batteries never leave you hanging. CHOOSE THE RIGHT BATTERY CHARGER Making sure you have the right battery charger is very important. First, choose a charger that has an automatic cut-off when the battery is fully charged. Why? Overcharged batteries compromise the effectiveness of the battery and can and probably will cause you problems. The first thing you’ll want in a battery charger is to make sure that the charger has an automatic cut-off when the


battery is fully charged. Auto cut-off chargers are convenient. You don’t have to completely drain the battery each time and then recharge. You simply recharge after every use and never worry about not having enough juice or overcharging. CLEAN YOUR BATTERIES Batteries prefer cleanliness. Make sure your terminals are free of dirt, grease, grime, peanut butter or anything else. Use a water-baking soda mixture with a small brush. Eliminate corrosion build up and wear some eye protection so you don’t get battery acid in them. BE MINDFUL OF DRIVING DISTANCES If you are a golfer and using your own cart, you don’t want to run out of battery power and get stranded on the 14th hole because your golf “buddies” will laugh and make fun of you. A full round of golf, especially for high-handicap hackers, can demand a lot of battery power. Again, get one of the those handy auto shutoff chargers and let that baby charge overnight before every round. If you are just driving the golf cart back and forth to the community pool or to your buddy’s house for some cornhole it’s not as important that you charge it each and every night but be mindful of driving distances.

BATTERIES GET THIRSTY You may need a drink after you shoot a 112 on the golf course but your golf cart batteries need a different type of drink -water. Batteries need distilled water so ensure that you maintain at least ¼ inch of water above the plates. But don’t overfill the batteries because it could lead to acid build up on the top, so try to keep it as close to ¼ inch as possible. Completely dry batteries will not run effectively if they run at all. RIDE YOUR CART CONSISTENTLY If you never use your cart your batteries will fail you. Make sure you get that cart rolling regularly as this will keep the batteries healthy. Watering should be done every 45 to 60 days, and if you live in a warm climate, consider watering more frequently. Sustained exposure to golf cart batteries can destroy them. Also, regularly check your connection cables, making sure that all connections are tight. Batteries are the heart and soul of your vehicle and maintaining them is critical. Hopefully, we helped you identify some easy but important ways to maximize your batteries’ performance and longevity.


dealerprofile

COTEAU CUSTOM CARTS

C

oteau Custom Carts in New Iberia, LA is a custom cart builder that takes a lot of pride in keeping their customers happy. We were able to catch up with the owner David Mallet to get an inside look into this three-yearold custom cart business.

What sets me apart is that I do not try to push unnecessary upgrades to make the most money possible. Instead, I use my experience and expertise to make sure each customer receives exactly what they want and need to get the most out of their golf cart.

DEALER PROFILE: Dealer Name: Coteau Custom Carts Dealer Location: 8414 Parc Perdue Dr. New Iberia, LA 70560 Phone Number: (337) 349-9120 Owner: David Mallet Website: CoteauCustomCarts.com

GCMAG: You are the owner?

GCMAG: Tell us about your golf cart dealership?

David Mallet: I take great pride in building, customizing and/ or repairing golf carts to make them the perfect fit for each customer’s needs. My business is unique because we truly are a family business. Coteau Custom Carts is housed on my property, and the moment a customer steps into my shop, they become family. They will never be greeted by a stranger. I am involved in every step of the process, and I know that all their needs will be met with the utmost patience and care. 40 GOLFCARTING.COM

David Mallet: Yes, I am David Mallet, the owner.

GCMAG: What is your company background? How and when did your company start?

David Mallet: I have been building, repairing, and customizing golf carts for over ten years now. In 2017, I decided to take a chance and see if I could take this hobby of mine to the next level and Coteau Custom Carts was born. The inspiration for my business came to me back in 2006 when I was on a camping trip with family and friends, and we realized that golf carts were an essential part of camping life. At the time, I could not afford to buy a new cart, so I found some used ones in Texas. I drove seven hours to purchase the two carts, and before I got back home, I had already sold one to some friends of ours. From there, word of mouth spread, and people



dealerprofile became interested in where they could purchase and fix up golf carts. Thus, my golf cart hobby began and eventually grew to what it is today.

customer reviews are one of the best ways to grow a business; therefore, I take great pride in satisfying every customer's needs.

GCMAG: How many employees do you have? And can you tell us a little about them?

GCMAG: What are your future plans for your company?

David Mallet: My business is family-owned and operated. My two sons help modify carts with things like new custom body kits, light kits, batteries, back seat kits, sound systems, lifts, extended roofs, wheels, and custom seats. My long-time friend helps with repair work. We also recently hired a full-time mechanic because of workload increases.

GCMAG: How do you promote or advertise your business? Online? Social Media?

David Mallet: We mostly promote through social media. We are on Facebook and Instagram. We also have a billboard on Hwy 90 near the Hwy 92 intersection. We have been featured in Sugar Mill Pond's neighborhood magazine. Mostly, word of mouth brings in the most business for us.

GCMAG: What is the most important business lesson you've learned? David Mallet: I have learned the value of a social media presence on a business. I also have learned that positive

42 GOLFCARTING.COM

David Mallet: My future plans for the company are to continue growing as a business and to move to a larger location with a store front for displaying golf carts and upgrade possibilities.

GCMAG: Is there anything else you'd like to add?

David Mallet: I am most grateful for the ability to do what I love with people I love. I am thankful for my loyal customers who have also become like family to me and support me through recommendations, positive reviews, and follow-up business.

GCMAG: David, it sounds like you are in a great place right now. We want to thank you for sharing about your dealership and we wish you tremendous success going forward! For more information on Coteau Custom Carts in New Iberia, LA visit them online at CoteauCustomCarts.com, stop in to their showroom or give them a call at (337) 349-9120.



golfcartproducts NAVITAS

TAC 2 440A-600A 48-72V DC-AC CONVERSION KITS Fully programmable AC induction controllers with 4kW or 5kW Navitas AC induction motor, On-The-Fly programming and Bluetooth Enabled APPs. Designed for speed and torque!

Features:​

• 440A-600A state of the art Mosfet technology • Compact size and low weight: TAC 2 Controller footprint is 35% smaller than the TAC 1.0 Controller • Regenerative braking • Molex waterproof connector • Thermal protection • Sensor less motor thermal protection • Under voltage protection • Fully sealed IP5X • A/B speed sensor inputs • OEM multi-platform mounting options • Plug & Play installation for major OEM golf cars • Rollback protection • Speed-limiting (w/ optional speed sensor) • Compatible with Navitas On-The-Fly (OTF) programmer (optional)

Go to: www.navitasvs.com/tac2

SAFE WEDGE

PROTECTIVE PARTITION Golf is a social sport, and in a time where social distancing is the norm, it can be very difficult for courses to operate how they normally would. Golfers riding together in a cart may not be close friends or from the same household. That's where the Safe Wedge Protective Partition comes into play. Course owners can offer a protective barrier to give golfers peace of mind while keeping fleets in full service. Constructed from hard-coated, lightweight polycarbonate, both sides of the Safe Wedge are resistant to scratches, abrasions, and harsh chemicals and can be cleaned and sanitized easily. With a specially designed bracket, hardware, and instructions, installation is a breeze. Each Safe Wedge can be installed in just minutes.

Go to: www.safe-wedge.com or call 262.877.2171 44 GOLFCARTING.COM


GOLFCARTPRODUCTS

NIVEL SEATS

Nivel is really stepping there game up with all new custom MadJax accessories and these new seats look amazing. Executive seats combine the timeless beauty of leather with the durability and resistance of marine grade vinyl construction. Fits Club Car Precedent ’04-’11 and Yamaha Drive/G29 models. Available in Scotch, Tobacco and Charcoal colors. • Fits 2007-2016 Yamaha G29/Drive Gas & Electric Models • Fits Club Car Precedent 2004-Up / Onward 2017-Up / Tempo 2018-Up Gas & Electric Models • Fits Madjax Genesis 250/300 rear seat kits Features: • Full seat assemblies: cushions, bases & hip restraints • Premium ‘Scotch’ marine grade vinyl, resistant to wear and UV exposure • Custom stitch pattern inlays • Integrated storage pocket for personal items such as cellphones • Hand stitched in the USA • Matching cushions for Madjax Genesis 150/250/300 rear seat kits

Go to: www.nivelparts.com

GOLF CARTING MAGAZINE 45


askthemechanic

ASK THE MECHANIC F

rom time to time we get golf-cart-related questions from our readers either on our website (GolfCarting. com) or from our social media pages. When we get these questions we reach out to our sponsors and advertisers who are leaders in the golf cart industry and get educated answers to better help our readers.

What is the bolt pattern size for golf cart wheels? Golf Cart wheels all have a bolt pattern of 4x4 (4 inches by 4 inches, or 100mm apart). This is the standard on all major golf carts (Club Car, EZGO, Yamaha‌) If you measure diagonally from the top bolt hole on the hub to bottom bolt hole you can confirm this.

What’s the difference between a golf cart and an LSV? 46 GOLFCARTING.COM

Simply put, an LSV (low speed vehicle) is registered with the DMV, just like a car and must have all the necessary safety features like; DOT approved windshield, turn signals, head lights, safety belts, horn. Some state have different regulations, please check with your local DMV.

Do I need insurance on my golf cart to drive it in my neighborhood? This is a tricky question as most states are different but generally we recommend you add your golf cart to your insurance policy just to be safe in case anyone gets hurt or in an accident. Most auto insurance companies like Progressive or Allstate have coverage options for golf carts that range anywhere from $100 - $250 per year and can be easily added to your current policy.




Extreme

Golf Carting “a place where like-minded golf cart enthusiasts can view, comment, share and get help for their custom golf cart projects."

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