Page 1

p. 1 2tggCover19:_cover, inside, back.qx 3/3/19 10:51 AM Page 1



TRIBAL Government Gaming Annual Industry Report 2019 • $10

AMAZING Makeovers Top 5 Casino Renovations for 2019 Going Commercial How tribes are using their gaming experience to diversify economy

Member Benefit Are per-capita distributions fading away?

Class Contributions Why innovation has brought Class II & III games together

Association of Gaming Equipment Manufacturers


AGS’ new Emerald Princess™ video slot, a Fa Cai Shu game, features proven math, up to 10 free games, and three frequently hitting linked progressives that can deliver massive wins! Available for AGS’ Orion Slant platform.

Contact your AGS representative today, and visit us at NIGA Booth No. 1651. © 2019 AGS LLC. All ® notices signify marks registered in the United States. All TM and SM notices signify unregistered trademarks.

AGS-EmeraldPrincess-Ad-201903-GGB.indd 1

2/25/19 4:36 PM

p. 4 TOC tgg:Layout 1 3/3/19 8:13 PM Page 4




Tribal Government Gaming 2019

Publication 16th Annual Edition



20 Five Looking Forward The growth of tribal gaming is marked by the physical properties proliferating in Indian Country. The GGB Editorial Advisory Board presents the Choctaw Casino Durant, the Ho-Chunk Nation properties, Potawatomi Hotel & Casino, Quinault Casino and Soboba Casino as its Top 5 Native American properties that have reinvented themselves through architectural and interior design, construction and expansion. By Dave Bontempo

Quinault Casino Renovation by Thalden Boyd Emery

FEATURES 24 Commercial Renewal A growing number of gaming tribes are increasing revenues and improving economies through commercial ventures off the reservation. By Dave Palermo

Per-capita payments to tribal members from gaming revenues are creating unintended consequences like disenrollment and diversion of funds from community improvement—but many tribal members depend on them. By Dave Palermo 4


NIGC Looking Back to Look Ahead Jonodev Chaudhuri


EDUCATION Where There’s Smoke Kate Spilde


OPERATIONS Buying Smart Carl Long


Publisher’s Letter


Tribal Government Gaming 2018 Directory




Cuningham Group Architecture




Gaming Arts


Gary Platt Manufacturing


Gaming Laboratories International


Gaming Partners International


HBG Design




JCM Global


74 Tribal Sports Betting



Gaming tribes are, by and large, still determining the wisdom and legality of adding sports wagering. By Patrick Roberts

Novomatic Americas


PMI Tribal Services


Rymax Marketing Services


Scientific Games


Synergy Blue


TBE Architects


30 Class Acts

36 The Per-Cap Challenge


DEPARTMENTS On the cover and above: Ho-Chunk Wittenberg by HBG Design

The market for Class II gaming machines continues to grow as suppliers use the technology they perfected to produce electronic bingo offering play nearly identical to Class III. By Frank Legato

NIGA Protecting Tribal Sovereign Immunity Ernie Stevens Jr.

Pechanga Resort and Casino

42 Renewing Right As tribes turn to expansion projects that offer an increasing showcase of non-gaming activities, traditional themes are mixing with Vegas style. By Marjorie Preston

DEDICATED TO CREATING A WORLD CLASS GAMING EXPERIENCE Raise the bar on the level of innovation and entertainment you provide your guests while significantly improving your casino’s operating efficiencies. To achieve this, you need a partner who has a history of success in working with Native American operators. Learn about our deep commitment to tribal gaming at booth #1431 at NIGA 2019.

Powers the casino floor.® ©2019 TM Discovery Communications, LLC. Shark Week and related logos are trademarks of Discovery Communications

p. 6 letter:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:23 AM Page 6



Indian Country Online By Roger Gros

Government Gaming 2019 Roger Gros, Publisher | twitter: @GlobalGamingBiz Frank Legato, Editor | twitter: @FranklySpeakn Marjorie Preston, Managing Editor Monica Cooley, Art Director |

ne of the sources of incremental revenue for commercial casino companies has been online gaming. In New Jersey, the struggling Atlantic City casinos were thrown a lifeline with iGaming. Revenue has steadily risen and has helped bolster the bottom lines of those once-struggling casinos. The total monthly gross gaming revenue in New Jersey for online gaming alone is about $35 million, which, if it were a separate casino, would make it the second-highest-grossing casino in the city. And sports betting is doing its part as well. Just six months into its legalization, New Jersey is taking more than 70 percent of its revenue from mobile betting. Despite the fact that online betting and mobile wagering are abundant, Atlantic City casinos are also attracting new customers to their brick-and-mortar facilities by offering points and comps via their online rewards club that can only be redeemed inside the casino property. The question of how tribal government gaming can benefit from online gaming and sports betting is complicated. Since the vast majority of tribal casinos are located on relatively remote reservations, usually a long drive for customers, tribal leaders are reluctant to give them a choice of playing from a mobile device or a computer. Even though a tribal casino could conceivably derive revenue from iGaming, it is more important to be able to bring that customer to the actual casino. Because usually it’s more than just one person, and usually they do more than just gamble. So I understand that reasoning. On the other hand, there are more and more opportunities for people to play online—legally or illegally. Sports betting is spreading like wildfire across the country. At this time, there are eight states where sports betting is legal and almost 20 where there is legislation to make it so. But in states where tribal gaming is pretty much the only game in town, tribes are shutting down the train. Even when legislation would limit sports betting to tribal facilities. Now as I said, I understand the reasoning in requiring a customer to visit your somewhat remote tribal casino to gamble, but if sports betting is limited to the tribes, why not incorporate it? Especially if you can add mobile sports betting to your list of offerings. I also understand that there are concerns about tribal sovereignty, and while I don’t discount the im-




portance of that issue, there are some ways around it— ways to establish a sports betting business outside of the reservation. Not being an attorney, I wouldn’t venture a suggestion about how that could be accomplished, but I know some brilliant tribal lawyers who could get the job done. The Choctaws in Mississippi have found a way. Yes, I know that they already operate in competition with commercial casinos and must introduce sports betting just to keep pace, but they were able to get over the sovereignty issue, as well as the off-reservation questions. And I’m sure they’ve got a mobile solution in their plans once that becomes legal in the state. And the Santa Ana tribe in New Mexico has proactively installed sports betting at its Santa Ana Star casino, determining that they have the right under their compact with the state. That’s still to be determined, but sports betting there continues. But let’s talk about the overall picture, and how tribal gaming is almost completely discounting interactive gambling—at its own peril, I believe. You can’t bury your head in the sand and pretend that it isn’t happening. Because it is. And without any participation or negotiation from the tribal side, it could be a serious mistake. We’ve all got these devices called cellphones or tablets that rule our lives these days. You can’t book a plane ticket, check into a hotel room or make a restaurant reservation without one. And they keep getting more and more sophisticated. There’s an app for everything, including lots for gambling. Tribes that are ignoring this coming technology tsunami are fooling themselves. Yes, you need to balance the issues of in-person gambling and entertainment, along with the sovereignty issues, but iGaming and mobile sports betting are coming. Tribes need to be prepared. Yes, getting tribes on the same page is very difficult—almost impossible. So maybe tribal members have to think for themselves and decide what is best for their individual tribes. Let’s end this column with one word: Blockbuster. Used to be one on every corner, but now they’ve disappeared from the landscape because the owners didn’t believe Netflix would work. Who ever heard of mailing a DVD to customers? But that was just the start for Netflix and new technology. Let’s not let tribal gaming become the Blockbuster of the 21st century.

Lauren Byrge, Director, Sales & Marketing Floyd Sembler, Business Development Manager Becky Kingman-Gros, Chief Operating Officer Lisa Johnson, Communications Advisor twitter: @LisaJohnsonPR Columnists Jonodev Chaudhuri | Carl Long Kate Spilde | Ernie Stevens Jr. Contributing Editors Dave Bontempo | Pam Jones Dave Palermo | Patrick Roberts

EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD Rino Armeni, President, Armeni Enterprises

Mark A. Birtha, Senior Vice President & General Manager, Hard Rock International

• Julie Brinkerhoff-Jacobs, President, Lifescapes International

• Nicholas Casiello Jr., Shareholder, Fox Rothschild

• Jeffrey Compton, Publisher, CDC E-Reports twitter: @CDCNewswire

• Dean Macomber, President, Macomber International, Inc.

• Stephen Martino, Vice President & Chief Compliance Officer, MGM Resorts International, twitter: @stephenmartino

• Jim Rafferty, President, Rafferty & Associates

• Thomas Reilly, Vice President Systems Sales, Scientific Games

• Steven M. Rittvo, Chairman Emeritus, The Innovation Group twitter: @InnovGrp

• Katherine Spilde, Executive Director, Sycuan Gaming Institute, San Diego State University, twitter: @kspilde

• Ernie Stevens, Jr., Chairman, National Indian Gaming Association twitter: @NIGA1985

• Roy Student, President, Applied Management Strategies

• David D. Waddell, Partner Regulatory Management Counselors PC Casino Connection International LLC. 901 American Pacific Drive, Suite 180 • Henderson, Nevada 89014 702-248-1565 • 702-248-1567 (fax) The views and opinions expressed by the writers and columnists of GLOBAL GAMING BUSINESS are not necessarily the views of the publisher or editor. Copyright 2019 Global Gaming Business LLC. Henderson, Nevada 89014 GLOBAL GAMING BUSINESS is published monthly by Casino Connection International, LLC. Printed in Nevada, USA. Postmaster: Send Change of Address forms to: 901 American Pacific Dr, Suite 180, Henderson, NV 89014

Official Publication



FOR MORE THAN 25 YEARS JCM GLOBAL has been dedicated to building connections with casino properties around the world. These partnerships have afforded JCM rare insight into the many connection points that exist across the modern gaming integrated resort destination. From your gaming floor and sportsbook to your lounges and guestrooms, no matter where your challenges lie, JCM can help you turn those challenges into opportunities. Connect with your JCM Global representative today or visit

One Connection Changes Everything

p. 8 niga:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:24 AM Page 8


Protecting Tribal Sovereign Immunity The challenges and opportunities ahead By Ernie Stevens Jr.


uppose a federal employee began drinking at work on federal property and caused an accident on his way home. The victim of this accident could certainly bring a suit against the federal employee, but would that victim ever consider suing the United States government? The United States and the 50 states have laws and regulations protecting their sovereign status and ability to be sued. This is a right of the sovereign that goes back to the days of kings. Indian nations, as sovereigns, possess the same sovereign immunity from suit that federal and state governments possess. Tribal sovereign immunity is a recognized doctrine of federal law based on the status of Indian tribes as sovereigns whose existence predates the United States. Recently, within the past two years, the Supreme Court has limited tribal sovereignty and jurisdiction vis-à-vis non-Indians. This challenge may also represent an opportunity that can be addressed through the use of risk management, risk pools, tribal tort reform and federal legislation affirming the authority of Indian tribes to establish our own laws on tort reform. Native peoples are the original inhabitants of the Americas, endowed by our creator with inalienable rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of our ways of life. From the beginning of time, our grandmothers and grandfathers founded our nations’ tribal governments to preserve our native rights, safeguard our rights to freedom and liberty, and exercise self-government to protect native lands, culture and future generations. When Europeans first landed on American shores, they sought out Native Americans for advice, friendship, and to secure permission to live in America. The Dutch came to New Netherlands (now New York) in 1609 under orders to negotiate with tribes for land. The English colonies sought recognition of their colonial lands taken from neighboring Indian nations, but recognized Indian tribes as the original owners of the soil. In his Statement on American Indian Policy (1983), President Ronald Reagan explained the historic nation-to-nation relations between the 8


United States and Indian nations: “When European colonial powers began to explore and colonize this land, they entered into treaties with sovereign Indian nations. Our new nation continued to make treaties and to deal with Indian tribes on a government-to-government basis. Throughout our history, despite periods of conflict and shifting national policies in Indian affairs, the government-to-government relationship between the United States and Indian tribes has endured.” In the bigger picture, there are looming challenges to tribal sovereign immunity, especially in cases involving tort liability to third parties arising in the commercial context. Often the challenges to tribal sovereign immunity arise in cases where smalldollar claims are at issue—$25,000 in some cases. In the Kiowa and Bay Mills decisions, the Supreme Court questioned whether tribal sovereign immunity should extend to third-party tort victims. The Supreme Court explained: “There are reasons to doubt the wisdom of perpetuating the doctrine (i.e., tribal sovereignty)... This is evident when tribes take part in the nation’s commerce. Tribal enterprises now include ski resorts, gambling, and sales of cigarettes to non-Indians... In this economic context, immunity can harm those who are unaware that they are dealing with a tribe.” In Lewis v. Clark (2017), the Lewises were traveling on I-95 in Connecticut south towards New York City, and were struck in the rear by Clark, an employee of a tribal gaming authority. The Supreme Court held: “in a suit brought against a tribal employee in his individual capacity, the employee, not the tribe, is the real party in interest and the tribe’s sovereign immunity is not implicated. That an employee was acting within the scope of his employment at the time the tort was committed is not, on its own, sufficient to bar a suit against that employee on the basis of tribal sovereign immunity.” While the Lewis case does not represent a significant diminishment of the doctrine of tribal sovereign immunity, another case might develop into more dangerous limitations. Accordingly, the question arises, should Indian tribes now act to forestall,

to the extent possible, such “common law” activism by the Supreme Court vis-à-vis tribal sovereign immunity? The challenge to tribal sovereign immunity may also be an opportunity. State and local governments have undertaken risk management programs and established risk pools to spread the cost of insuring against third-party tort claims over a period of years and even among small governments. At least 33 states’ acts limit, or “cap,” the monetary amount for damages that may be recovered from judgments against the state, and at least 29 states (often in combination with a cap) prohibit a judgment against the state from including punitive or exemplary damages. The Federal Tort Claims Act has been extended to cover Indian tribes and tribal employees in some circumstances under Public Law 93-638 contracts. Yet, in the commercial context, there is little statutory limit on the exposure of tribal sovereign immunity. As Indian nations, we have always been forward-looking, whether it was land, environmental, or resource protection. Indian Country is not about to let the Supreme Court drag us back to the days when the federal government told us what was best for our communities. Now is the time to be proactive and search for a common ground to protect tribal sovereignty. Operating risk pools provides an avenue for tribes to pool their economic interests to better manage insurance costs, identify risks early and cooperate on risk management. If tribes can evaluate the intertribal risk pool approach as a model, federal legislation might be sought to limit tribal government exposure by affirming an elective tribal law system of limited waivers of sovereign immunity. NIGA is committed to taking this sovereignty discussion to the next level of action, and made it a prime topic of interest at our annual trade show. Tribal leaders are eager to start the discussion of how to protect tribal sovereignty in the 21st century. Ernie Stevens Jr. is chairman of the National Indian Gaming Association.





15,000 In-Demand Products 400 Top Brands Interactive Reward Events Contact us today for a customized solution that’s right for you.



866.RYMAX.11 •

Booth #1625 on APRIL 1 - 4 2019 Copyright © 2019 Rymax, All rights reserved.

Kambi_GGB_DPS_Advert_425.5x276.2mm_v3AW.indd 1

12/12/2018 16:44

Kambi_GGB_DPS_Advert_425.5x276.2mm_v3AW.indd 2

12/12/2018 16:44

p. 12 NIGC:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:24 AM Page 12


Looking Back to Look Ahead The Next 30 Years of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act By Jonodev Chaudhuri


n February 14, I was invited to speak at a symposium, hosted by the Brookings Institute, to discuss what’s next for the tribal gaming industry. Brookings economist Randall Akee brought together a variety of experts and speakers from the United States federal government, tribal governments, academia, and other governmental and non-governmental institutions, all of whom reflected on the first 30 years of gaming under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) and opined on expectations for the next 30 years to come. The main takeaway: data matters. It is no secret that federal law and policy have historically oscillated between two contrasting approaches to Indian affairs. At times, the federal government has enacted laws that detracted from or diminished tribal sovereignty and self-determination. For instance, with the passage of the Allotment Acts at the turn of the 19th century and into the first decade of the 20th, we witnessed a significant diminishment of the inherent right of tribal nations to make their own laws and be governed by them. The passage of the Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) in 1934 marked a distinct shift away from assimilationist policies of the Allotment Acts towards restoring tribal sovereignty and self-determination. But this shift did not take place in a vacuum. While many events and facts shaped the motivations and intentions of lawmakers at that time, there can be no question that the Merriam Report served as a significant catalyst for the IRA of 1934. The 847-page Merriam Report, commissioned by Brookings (then known as the Institute for Government Research), collected data from tribal communities across the United States and studied the economic and cultural impacts that the Allotment Acts had on American Indians. The data showed clearly that the assimilationist policies and laws in place at the time had not led to economic prosperity in Indian Country, but instead, had increased poverty and removed valuable resources from 12 TRIBAL GOVERN MENT GAMIN G 2 01 9

tribal nations and their citizens. This Brookings-commissioned work was invaluable, and the report quickly became the basis for drafting and passing IRA, an act that sought to restore the tribal sovereignty and self-determination that the Allotment Acts had taken away. As we reflect on the first 30 years of IGRA today, we can learn a lot from the numbers. From our perch as the federal regulators of Indian gaming, we at the NIGC have been direct witnesses to what has effectively been a three decades-long referendum on the viability of tribal stewardship over the industry. From that perch, we have observed firsthand the conclusive benefits of supporting tribal sovereignty in both the operation and regulation of the industry. In the last 30 years, Indian gaming has brought Indian Country unprecedented economic development and growth. Today, Indian gaming constitutes a $34.2 billion dollar industry that funds critical tribal governmental programs. Tribal nations are the 13th largest private employer in the U.S. Additionally, Professor Akee shared that the residual economic effects of the Indian gaming industry cannot be understated. In his research, he has found that over the past 30 years, overall education attainment has increased with graduation rates up by 40 percent, and there is an increase in the likelihood of youth continuing on to vote and become engaged in civic activities. To be sure, IGRA was the result of a compromise, as it created a role for states in Indian gaming that states previously had never held. At the same time, because Congress crafted IGRA from three foundational principles—tribal economic development, tribal self-sufficiency, and strong tribal governance—the act created a regulatory framework that places tribal self-determination front and center. For the last 30 years, tribal self-determination has guided the NIGC’s regulatory actions and enforcement of IGRA’s mandates and prohibitions. The NIGC’s primary mandate, therefore, has been to regulate in a manner that strengthens tribal sovereignty and affirms tribal nations as the primary regulators of their own gaming operations. Much of the success of IGRA’s first 30 years

can and should be attributed to the fact that tribes themselves serve as the primary regulators of Indian gaming. We have seen how the implementation of IGRA has led to one of the most successful industries in the country, if not the world. And I can confidently say that the success of this industry is due to IGRA’s placing the highest level of importance on the principles of tribal sovereignty and self-determination. NIGC has followed suit and incorporates these principles in all that we do. On several recent occasions, I have been hearing a similar, reoccurring question: “What will the next 30 years of IGRA and Indian gaming look like?” The short answer is we have 30 years of reliable facts demonstrating the successes of Indian gaming, which will shape and push Indian gaming policy into its future. Ultimately, what lies in store for Indian gaming has yet to be written, and it is up to the decision-makers of Indian policy and the Indian gaming industry itself to ensure Indian gaming continues to see the successes we have witnessed to date. Given our observations of the tangible benefits of adherence to self-determination principles in the creation and implementation of IGRA, advancement of these principles should define future policy discussions, including topics of the day, such as sports betting or internet gaming. The remarks of those who spoke at Brookings this past February clearly demonstrate that IGRA is one of the most successful and relevant laws to date in Indian Country. After 30 years of IGRA, I am confident that both the NIGC and the Indian gaming community are on the right path. At the same time, we are mindful of IGRA’s self-determination goals at every turn. As a result, we understand that our regulatory responsibilities require us to collaborate, consult and coordinate with tribal nations at all times, which strengthens tribal self-governance and, as a result, strengthens the industry itself. We are excited to enter into the next 30 years of Indian gaming. Jonodev Osceola Chaudhuri is chairman of the National Indian Gaming Commission.

Tested. Proven. Trusted.

Proven Leadership. Deep Commitment. Unmatched Class II Expertise. TRIBAL GAMING CLASS II SERVICES BY GLI GLI has been a trusted supporter of Tribal Gaming Regulatory Authorities in Class II jurisdictions across the United States for 30 years. In fact, more regulators and operators rely on GLI for Class II testing and related services than any other lab. Contact us today, and let us help you ensure the continuing integrity of your operation.

p. 14 spilde:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:25 AM Page 14


Where There’ s Smoke Measuring the impact of nonsmoking constraints on tribal casino operations in California By Kate Spilde


he research and experience of casino operators in jurisdictions around the world suggest that restrictive smoking policies have deleterious effects on gaming volumes. However, very few research studies on the social and economic impacts of nonsmoking constraints have been conducted in gaming facilities owned by tribal governments. In spite of a relative lack of empirical research, informal outreach across tribal casino operations in California reveals that most tribal casino operators share similar concerns about whether nonsmoking constraints hurt gaming volumes. Starting in 2008, a coalition of public health professionals began working with two tribes in California to establish smoke-free policies at their casinos. The coalition collected data on air quality and surveyed both patrons and staff at tribal properties. Employees and patrons alike expressed concerns about the risks of regularly breathing secondhand smoke, including an increased risk for lung cancer, stroke and heart disease. While doing their research, public health professionals found that 63 percent of casino patrons surveyed indicated that they would visit more often or equally as often if the casino went completely smoke-free. After receiving these research results in 2014, tribal leaders from one of the tribes, along with 100 percent of tribal membership, supported adopting a nonsmoking policy at their casino. Ultimately, the tribe decided to make their new casino completely smoke-free, only the second casino in California to do so. After going nonsmoking in 2014, the tribe’s casino began to see revenues fall, since many casino guests in this repeater-market property enjoyed smoking while they gamble. Ultimately, the tribe and its casino management team modified its policy to remain 70 percent non-smoking. The hotel, restaurants, poker room and Events Center remained smoke-free. The tribe and casino management also committed to ensuring that popular games and machines are available in nonsmoking areas, and to upgrading their overall filtration systems. 14 TRIBAL GOVERN MENT GAMIN G 2 01 9

This early tribal case, along with prior work in commercial casino jurisdictions, reveals that the No. 1 reason for allowing smoking in tribal casinos (or commercial casino properties) is the widely held belief by casino operators that nonsmoking constraints negatively impact gaming revenues. However, rarely have these claims been studied empirically in more than one property, across several variables and over a significant period of time. In the spring of 2018, my colleague at San Diego State University, Dr. David Kamper, and I applied for funding from the California Department of Public Health to pursue a rigorous, scientific and objective evaluation of such claims about the impact of nonsmoking constraints on machine volumes in tribal casino operations, with the larger aim of supporting tribal casino operators to make informed decisions regarding nonsmoking policies at their properties. Last fall, we received the news that our funding request has been granted. While employee and patron surveys have been conducted at a handful of tribal casinos in California, this survey data has never been triangulated with gaming volume data. Our SDSU study will be the first of its kind by introducing game performance analysis of smoking versus nonsmoking sections into the assessment of nonsmoking constraints on tribal casino operations. In addition to performing several analyses of game performance, our study will look at the changes in smoking versus nonsmoking section performance over time to examine whether any negative effects on gaming performance following the introduction of nonsmoking constraints become smaller over time, revealing an adaptation effect. Over the next four years, we will collaborate with between six and nine tribal governments and casinos in California. Several data collection strategies will be employed. For the game performance analysis, tribal casino operators (most likely slot operations managers) will be asked to complete a data input sheet covering at least six months of data for both smoking and nonsmoking sections. The data input sheet will ask for information ranging from the number of working games to the gross coin-in to the total win and the total slot player head count. Operators will also be asked to

provide information related to property-specific events that may affect game performance independent of nonsmoking constraints, such as anniversary parties, lottery drawings or concerts. In addition to collecting gaming data, we will with tribal casino operators conduct intercept surveys to gauge the importance of the nonsmoking section in the patronage decision. Also, we will conduct surveys with employees to gauge the importance of the nonsmoking section in their employment and/or job selection decision. These surveys should also provide insight regarding views, opinions and attitudes toward nonsmoking sections. The data will be collected using employee and patron surveys used in prior research on this topic in order to do comparative analysis. We expect that the findings from the game performance analysis will indicate the dollar value of any difference in the game-level performance across the smoking condition and whether such differences are statistically significant, including whether they signal an adaptation effect over time. Patron and employee survey data will provide a broader perspective on the value and effect of nonsmoking sections on casino patronage and casino employment decisions, while also providing something of a triangulation function. The research collaboration we are developing with tribal casino operators in California is also meant to serve as a model of research for other projects that are supported by the Sycuan Institute on Tribal Gaming at San Diego State University. That is, we strive to encourage research that produces actionable results for tribal governments and tribal casino operators while also encouraging the use of empirical data to inform business and government decision-making. We look forward to sharing the results of this important work as it becomes available, and encourage any interested tribes to reach out to us to participate in this historic project. Dr. Kate Spilde is a professor in the L. Robert Payne School of Hospitality and Tourism Management and serves as chair of the Sycuan Institute on Tribal Gaming at San Diego State University.

Project4:Layout 1 3/1/19 11:05 PM Page 1

p. 18 Top 5:Layout 1 3/3/19 8:23 PM Page 18



tribal casino

renovations and updates that will make a difference by Dave Bontempo


he renovation of tribal casinos is a new industry for designers, builders and the owners of the gaming properties that might have gotten a little long in the tooth—and short on amenities. Gaming has provided a tribal enterprise for many of the gaming tribes across the country, and to stay competitive in an overheated market, many tribes are opting to add more hotel rooms, restaurants, spas, entertainment centers and other amenities that will set them apart from any nearby casino. In this year’s Tribal Government Gaming, we recognize the forward-thinking tribes that understand you can’t stand still; you must always move ahead.

Center Bar at Ho-Chunk Black River Falls



Total Makeover X3 Projects: Ho-Chunk Nation Expansion, Wisconsin Location: Wisconsin Dells, Black River Falls, Wittenberg Owner: Ho-Chunk Nation Designer: HBG Design Cost: $100 million-plus


ing, bang, boom. A hot idea can spread across three properties and be linked to one time frame. The Ho-Chunk Nation launched three recent concurrent expansion and renovation projects, at Wisconsin Dells, Black River Falls and Wittenberg, Wisconsin. Their combined effect visually unites a reinterpretation of the Ho-Chunk brand in a common design language, yet gives each property individuality through design features. Ho-Chunk selected highly decorated HBG Design in Memphis to deliver all three. Dike Bacon, principal at HBG, said the cost for all three exceeded $100 million and each comprised more than 100,000 square feet. Black River Falls was unveiled in July 2017. Wisconsin Dell followed in December 2017 and Wittenberg was finished in April 2018. “Brand repositioning can sometimes be different than a simple property expansion, because it requires defining a long-term vision for the brand that is often bigger than a single current project,” he says. “With that said, though, fundamentally the best approach to any expansion is done within the context of how best to express a brand holistically. “Each of the Ho-Chunk Nation’s completed new projects received bold, new arrival and entry experiences with new porte cochere structures that prominently integrate branded architectural accents and the HoChunk Gaming logo identity,” he adds.

p. 18 Top 5:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:26 AM Page 19

Encore, Encore Project: Potawatomi Hotel & Casino Expansion Location: Milwaukee, Wisconsin Owner: Forest County Potawatomi Community Designer: Cuningham Group Cost: $80 million


“Building geometry, site positioning and design implementation of the new expansions vary at each property, but the key materiality and color palettes blend across all the properties. Special attention was given to integration of tribal cultural elements in unique, abstract ways.” Each design stands out because of its contemporary, sophisticated interpretation of Wisconsin’s unique landscape and the unexpected details derived from this inspiration, he indicates. Wisconsin Dells takes its name from the Dells of the Wisconsin River, a scenic gorge that features striking sandstone formations along the river banks. It was the strong, powerful effect of water sculpted by the passage of time and the “iconic striation” patterns of these regional formations that inspired HBG designers to create bold architectural statements, Bacon asserts. “We added a grand new hotel lobby with a spectacular two-story interior feature wall crafted from natural, locally sourced birch wood slats,” he says. “Horizontally stacked and linearly placed in dramatic curved form, this wall design was influenced by the natural striation patterns found on the Dells. The feature wall extends visually through to the exterior toward the full-length window wall and a see-through fireplace feature. A similar effect made of stone extends to the exterior.” The Black River Falls property is in the birthplace of the Ho-Chunk Tribe—the source from which the tribe’s cultural and capital growth began. In its location in the North Woods, the landscape is shaped by abundant forests lush with towering evergreens. “This inspiration led what we call the Sunset Tree Wall,” he says. “Our designers envisioned a sunset on a snow-covered winter morning through the trees of the pine forest. The bottom of the wall mimics a horizon line whereby all shadows move away from the center toward arriving guests. The exterior feature wall is illuminated and visible from the nearby interstate.”

his is the definition of relationship building. Construct a property, please the client and return for an expansion a few years later. The Cuningham Group in Minnesota has cherished its relationship with tribal properties since becoming a major industry player in the late 1980s. The company has won numerous awards and designed projects of varied sizes, establishing long-running ties with its clients. Cuningham’s dynamic with the Forest County Potawatomi Community reflects that trend. Just five years after designing the original property, it enjoys the encore presentation of an expansion. The Cuningham Group designed an $80 million expansion to the Potawatomi hotel tower that adds 119 rooms and suites, bringing the total room count to 500 and making it the second-largest hotel in Milwaukee. Owned and operated by the Potawatomi Community, the 189,000-square-foot expansion features a spa and additional meeting space. It’s expected to open this summer. “The heroic tower is located in downtown Milwaukee, and the design gracefully reflects the light chop of the emerald green water of Lake Michigan,” says Tom Hoskens, Cuningham Group principal. “This has become an iconic gem of Milwaukee’s skyline, and the eloquent addition completes Potawatomi’s vision to be the premier regional destination resort. The new rooms, suites and spa add to the guest experience. The added rooms and amenities provide a wonderful attraction.” The original Potawatomi Hotel & Casino opened in August 2014 for a cost of $123 million. The tower integrates both traditional Milwaukee architecture and modern design. The design also reflects the area’s culture and geography with subtle nods to the storied history of the Forest County Potawatomi Tribe. The materials and color of the hotel’s base reflect the character of the industrial buildings throughout Milwaukee’s Menomonee Valley, as well as the existing casino. To reflect the modern entertainment offered in the expanded resort, the hotel tower rises from its masonry base adorned in a combination of green-tinted transparent and opaque glass to take on the look of Lake Michigan’s shimmery waves on a sunny day. The top floor features a “floating” prow-like roofline which houses several suites. Additionally, a modern glass-enclosed “flame” at the top of the hotel’s tower references the Forest County Potawatomi’s role as “Keepers of the Fire,” and is intended to welcome guests. For the tribe, it’s the latest stage in the evolution of a business that was launched in 1991 as a 2,000-seat bingo hall.

w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


p. 18 Top 5:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:26 AM Page 20

New Sensation Project: Soboba Casino Location: San Jacinto, California Owner: Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians Master Planner: Friedmutter Group


nd now, for the big time. Soboba Casino has operated in a tent structure since it began in 1995. That started to change in dramatic fashion two years ago, when construction began on a new replacement casino with a 200-room hotel featuring a conference center, pool and gym. Area residents watched the developments unfold, like magic. The exterior of the building was painted in shades of beige and earth tones last summer. Flooring went down. Electrical power came in. Then came the finishing touches like moving in furniture, tiling the pool area and providing landscaping. The process ended with an early 2019 unveiling for a property flush with the Las Vegas feel. Soboba has a roomy gaming floor, modern decor, spacious hotel rooms, and food and drink options ranging from prime rib to lychee martinis. “We are excited to see this long-awaited dream become a reality,” Scott Cozart, tribal chairman of the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians, said in a statement. “This beautiful new facility will bring so much to our community and the entire region for many generations to come.” What a gaming leap. This is an identity change, denoting the property as a destination for gaming, shopping and dining. The project makes a statement. The location is adjacent to the Country Club at Soboba Springs and less than a mile from the existing casino. That short distance creates a new world. Friedmutter Group had a major role, as master planner, architect of record, design architect, interior design and construction administration. It provided a one-stop shop in an ambitious redefinition of the casino.

Score Four Project: Choctaw Nation Expansion Location: Durant, Oklahoma Owner: Choctaw Nation Architecture: JCJ Architecture Cost: Estimated at more than $100 million Estimated completion: 2021


he Choctaw Casino & Resort in Durant, Oklahoma has launched its fourth expansion since opening in 2006. An April groundbreaking is scheduled for perhaps its most transformative project. This one will notably add 1,000 hotel rooms, increasing occupancy from 800 rooms to 1,800 rooms, according to Kristina Humenesky, director of public relations for the property. Some of the new rooms will be suites. The expansion will take about two years to complete. “This is a very exciting time for us, and we are both delighted and honored to be considered a Top 5 tribal casino by your publication,” Humenesky says. The project also will increase gaming space and add more amenities such as new pools and a lazy river, parking garage, retail space, conference center, entertainment options and food and beverage. The expansion will bring 1,000 more jobs to Durant. JCJ Architecture is part of the design-build team. “JCJ Architecture has worked with Choctaw Nation for over 10 years. It is an honor to have been selected to undertake this exciting new project,” says Peter N. Stevens, LEED AP, president of JCJ Architecture. “Having worked most recently with the nation on their cultural center, wellness center, public 20


When completed, the new casino resort will replace the older tent-structure casino and offer a wide range of features. That includes 510,000 square feet of new construction and 110,000 square feet of gaming. The finished product features a 200-room hotel tower, 10,000-square-foot lobby/lounge and 30,000 square feet of food and beverage. The package includes 15,000 square feet of conference space and a 2,000space surface parking lot. Soboba will showcase a 480,000-square-foot casino resort and a 90,000square-foot gaming floor. The lineup includes 2,000 slot machines and 32 table games, along with casino bars, a sports lounge and a high-roller room. Food venues feature a noodle restaurant, a food court and a cafe open 24/7. The event venue is 15,000 square feet. The casino not only became the largest tourism driver in San Jacinto County, but provided valuable jobs. Construction of the resort created approximately 5,000 on-site construction jobs, and those jobs accounted for approximately 850,000 man hours, officials said. There have been more than 650 positions created within the resort, with more expected. For Soboba, this move appears timely and significant.

safety headquarters, and maintenance/facilities building, it is a testament to our strong relationship to have been selected for this new endeavor. I believe the creativity, experience and talent of this combined team will bring a truly leading-edge property to the Oklahoma/Dallas-Fort Worth market as well as increased prosperity to the Choctaw Nation and the surrounding community.” For the Choctaw Nation, it has been a grand ride. The property in Durant opened in 2006, consisting of more than 100,000 square feet. In 2010, the tribe expanded and added the Grand Tower. The most recent renovation was complete in 2015, adding another hotel tower with a spa, the Grand Theater and the family entertainment center, The District. Choctaw has built smartly. It expands far enough to accommodate new business without overreaching. Projects both upgrade existing facilities and anticipate the next wave of consumer demand. Choctaw Casino has grown into a AAA Four Diamond resort. It offers luxurious rooms and suites, and the Spa Tower features a full-service spa and a salon offering hair, nails and makeup services. The three-level convention/entertainment venue offers over 100,000 square feet of meeting and convention space and seating for more than 3,000 people. Amenities include the Oasis Pool area with four tropical pools and private cabanas, as well as the region’s premier entertainment complex, The District. At The District, visitors can enjoy Tailgaters sports bar, 20 bowling lanes, a 40game arcade and a state-of-the-art movie theater. The casino’s spacious gaming complex features more than 4,100 slot machines, 60 table games, and a private poker lounge that includes 30 poker tables.

Project5:Layout 1 3/3/19 11:06 AM Page 1

p. 18 Top 5:Layout 1 3/3/19 8:16 PM Page 22

Traditional wood-carving skills are on display with the “welcome figures” outside of the Nawitin Buffet

Back to the Sea Project: Quinault Casino Renovation and Expansion Location: Ocean Shores, Washington Owner: Quinault Indian Nation Designer: Thalden Boyd Emery Cost: $27 million


The center bar at Quinault Beach incorporates light shows and entertainment along with gambling

uinault Beach Resort & Casino in Ocean Shores, Washington, embraces a burgeoning gaming-vacation market. The “play” has been beefed up to entice the “stay” in a new invigorated environment, accented by tribal cultural expression. Quinault tapped Thalden Boyd Emery to lead the project, completed in June 2018. Jim Morrison, the director of code for TBE, says the expansion and renovation covers 29,000 square feet and features the addition of a buffet and kitchen space, new gaming space, a feature bar, new carpeting throughout the entire gaming floor and conversion of the existing gift shop into a gaming area. Nick Schoenfeldt, vice president and principal at TBE, believes the project enhances the entire functionality of the establishment. “We often see tribal properties go through phased growth, and we speculate that Quinault Beach Resort is positioning itself to draw a larger market share as they prepare for continued growth,” Schoenfeldt says. “With this recent renovation and expansion, the Quinault Nation has been able to bring back several machines they previously leased out to other tribes. Now these machines will be able to completely benefit the Quinault Nation. This project provides a noticeable increase in guest options, both in terms of gaming and dining.” The previous design had few cultural influences. With this expansion, Schoenfeldt says that Quinault symbolism, from new carpeting to welcoming totems, is prevalent throughout the property.



David Nejelski, creative director and principal at TBE, says tribal cultural expression was paramount in the setup. “Culture and art are two themes that are interwoven throughout the new casino expansion, expressed through inspired designs and finishes as well as unique art pieces,” he says. “A new custom carpet design creates a bold expression of Quinault identity throughout the casino by using large-scale patterns directly inspired by an unmistakable character found in the traditional artwork.” Two large, hand-hewn “welcome figures” were custom crafted and positioned near the entry to the buffet, greeting guests and providing a dramatic example of traditional wood-carving skill. “The ocean-going heritage of the Quinault is celebrated in the design of the new Nawitin Buffet,” he adds. “The rhythm of ocean waves is rendered in a variety of finishes throughout the space, and acts as the backdrop to a large coastal canoe, hand-carved and painted in traditional style. This centerpiece of traditional life acts as the centerpiece of the space. Ornately carved and painted paddles are also on display, further enhancing the cultural connection to the sea.” The center of the casino floor has a dramatic 360-degree entertainment bar-in-the-round infusing the gaming floor with excitement that incorporates light shows, live music and other entertainment.

Every Building Tells A Story®

Hotel Nia - Autograph Collection® by Marriott® Menlo Park, California

Aligning expertise to create innovative planning solutions and dynamic designs.

p. 24 commericalCasinos:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:34 AM Page 24


Dark Side Commercial casinos an increasing option for tribes By Dave Palermo


hen the state of Arkansas expressed an interest in legalized casino gambling, it came as no surprise that the Quapaw and Cherokee Indian Nations of neighboring Oklahoma would finance the ballot initiative that got the industry up and going. When MGM Resorts International built a $1 billion hotel casino in Springfield, Massachusetts, near the border with Connecticut, it made perfect sense for the Mohegan and Mashantucket Pequot tribes to pursue a competing project in East Windsor. And when the Poarch Band of Creek Indians sought an investment opportunity to capitalize on its casino resort and entertainment interests in Alabama, the tribe’s Wind Creek Hospitality invested $1.3 billion in Sands Casino Resort Bethlehem in Pennsylvania. “We’ve proven ourselves when it comes to gaming and hospitality,” says Robert McGhee, vice chairman of the Poarch Band, which operates three hotel casinos in Alabama and more than a dozen non-gambling hotels in the Southeast and Caribbean Islands. American Indian tribes are parlaying skills and experience gained through 30 years of operating tribal government casinos on Indian lands with a growing list of commercial casino ventures in the United States and overseas.

Rather than operating casinos under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) of 1988, which exempts tribes from state taxes and allows them primacy in regulating their gambling operations, tribes are wading into the commercial gaming sector. The move off the reservations is to be expected. With the growth of the $32.4 billion tribal casino industry to some 500 gambling operations in 29 states, opportunities on Indian lands have dissipated. “With some exceptions, the Indian gaming market is fully developed,” says Bryan Newland, chairman of the Bay Mills Indian Community of Michigan and a former counsel with the Department of the Interior. “There are tribes seeking to become new entrants into the gaming market. But by and large, most federally recognized tribes that want to engage in gaming are already doing it.”

Opportunity Knocks About 250 of 370 tribes in the lower 48 states operate reservation casinos. Another 80 or so receive funds from tribal casinos or lease machines. Others are too remote or lack land upon which to build casinos. “Most of the opportunities in Indian Country have already been developed,” agrees Kristi Jackson, chairman of TFA Capital Partners, an in-

The Poarch Band of Creek Indians, which operates very successful Wind Creek casinos in Alabama, bought Sands Bethlehem in Pennsylvania, the tribe’s first foray into commercial gaming



p. 24 commericalCasinos:Layout 1 3/3/19 8:11 PM Page 25

“Our strategy is to try and get back to where we’re from. It’s a mandate from the tribe to get back home.” —John Berrey, chairman of the Quapaw Nation, is leading his tribe back to ancestral land in Arkansas

vestment banking firm servicing tribal and commercial gambling and leisure industry clients. “It’s more difficult to get land into trust, the regional markets may already be saturated and the spread of commercial gaming is making things less advantageous. There are fewer opportunities.” The Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma purchased commercial racetracks in Oklahoma and Texas. Mohegan Gaming & Entertainment, an enterprise of the Mohegan Tribe of Connecticut, owns and/or operates Resorts International in Atlantic City, Mohegan Sun Pocono Race Track and Casino in Pennsylvania and tribal hotel casinos in Washington state and Louisiana. It also is partners in the development of Project Inspire, a gambling resort in South Korea. Tribes are also outsourcing management expertise and investing in partnerships with other tribes seeking the remaining opportunities in Indian Country. The Seminole Tribe of Florida, owners of the multibillion-dollar Hard Rock International, operates the former Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City and is in partnership with the Menominee Tribe of Wisconsin, Enterprise Rancheria of California and others.

The Chickasaw Nation is financing the 42,000-square-foot Golden Mesa Casino being built by the Loyal Shawnee in the Oklahoma Panhandle near Guymon. Expanding their gambling interests beyond Indian lands is also part of efforts by tribes to diversify their economies. “I think there’s going to be more tribes buying gaming assets,” Jackson says. “I also think there’s going to be more tribes buying real estate and businesses related to what they’ve been successful doing. There is a need in most cases to look beyond the boundaries of the reservation and do things that will diversify their economy. “Tribes may go far afield from what they’ve been doing, from gravel operations to construction management to other kinds of businesses that are not related to hospitality or entertainment,” she says. “We’re working with several tribes, actively. And the common thread is the realization that they have grown as far as they can with gaming on the reservation. “I will say an absolute trend is the diversification away from home-based gaming.”

Florida’s Seminole Tribe, owner of the Hard Rock franchise, operates several commercial properties with that brand, including the latest in Atlantic City (below)

Connecticut’s Mohegan tribe was the first to enter commercial gaming with the opening of Mohegan Sun at Pocono Downs (above). The tribe also operates several tribal and commercial casinos for clients, and is a partner in the multibillion-dollar Project Inspire (l.) adjacent to Incheon Airport in South Korea.

w w w. t r ibal g ov er nm entg am i ng. com


p. 24 commericalCasinos:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:35 AM Page 26

“A significant portion of our market originates in northwest Arkansas, and if an operator other than Cherokee Nation was to gain a foothold, that would threaten jobs at Cherokee casinos.” —Shawn Slaton, CEO of the Cherokee Nation’s Cherokee Nation Businesses, pointing out his tribe’s strategy is playing defense

Confronting Competition Tribal commercial casino efforts in Arkansas, Connecticut and elsewhere are partly intended to confront or prevent potential competition. Such is the case with the Quapaw and Cherokee Nation efforts in Arkansas, which last year passed a ballot initiative to legalize four commercial casinos, two at existing racetracks and two others in Pope and Jefferson counties. Quapaw’s Downstream Casino Resort enterprise and the Cherokee Nation’s Cherokee Nation Businesses (CNB) operate tribal government casinos along the East Oklahoma border with Arkansas. “Their goal and part of my goal was to protect the western side of the state of Arkansas from expanded gambling, which would encroach on the market of Downstream Casino Resort and the Cherokee Nation,” Quapaw Chairman John Berrey says. Berrey says the Quapaw also wanted to invest in the tribe’s ancestral lands in Jefferson County. “Our strategy is to try and get back to where we’re from,” Berrey says. “It’s a mandate from the tribe to get back home.” The Cherokee Nation, forced out of its ancestral lands in the Carolinas in the 1800s, hopes to expand its market. “Arkansas, being an adjacent state, would be a logical extension of our operations here in Oklahoma,” says Chuck Garrett, vice president of CNB, the economic arm of the tribal government with gambling, health care, aerospace, technology and other enterprises. The two tribes contributed more than $6 million to the initiative campaign. Arkansas citizens in November voted 54 percent to 46 percent to adopt Ballot Issue 4, a constitutional amendment allowing four casinos in the state. Quapaw’s Downstream Development Corporation is looking to open a casino and 12-story hotel in Pine Bluff, in Jefferson County, as early as 2020. The Quapaw casino would offer all gambling options, including a sports book, but Berrey says sports wagering is not a major focus of casino operation because it has a low profit margin. The Cherokee Nation, meanwhile, has aspirations of building a casino resort near Russellville in Pope County, not far from where the tribe operates nine casinos in northeast Oklahoma. The tribe failed in attempts to get an initiative on the 2016 ballot. Developing a casino in Pope County may be problematic. Pope County voters approved an ordinance requiring county officials to hold a referendum before issuing letters of support for a casino. The ordinance is likely to be challenged in the courts. The tribe also faces competition. Gulfside Casino Partnership, operator of a hotel-casino in Gulfport, Mississippi, is seeking state approval of a $250 million resort in Russellville. 26


“We are excited to make a significant economic investment in the Arkansas River Valley with this first-class resort,” Terry Green, co-owner of Gulfside, said in a press release. “This project will create more than 1,500 new jobs and generate millions of dollars in taxes, improving the county’s infrastructure and its overall quality of life.” Cherokee leaders fear a commercial operation would seriously impact business. “A significant portion of our market originates in northwest Arkansas, and if an operator other than Cherokee Nation was to gain a foothold, that would threaten jobs at Cherokee casinos,” CNB CEO Shawn Slaton told the Cherokee Phoenix newspaper. “It could also decrease, for the first time ever, revenue that ultimately funds health care, housing, education and other tribal services,” Slaton says. “CNB will always go to whatever lengths necessary to protect Cherokee jobs and not only preserve, but continue to increase the dividend paid to the Cherokee Nation, which funds critical services for Cherokee Nation citizens.”

Tribal War with MGM The Mohegan and Mashantucket Pequot tribes of Connecticut have similar concerns about MGM Grand’s $1 billion facility in Springfield, Massachusetts. The casino entertainment company has lobbied heavily against the tribes’ efforts to develop a commercial casino in East Windsor to prevent the state from losing jobs and revenue to the Springfield resort. Tribes have assured state officials the East Windsor project would not impact tribal-state casino regulatory compacts that pay the state 25 percent of their slot revenues, or more than $270 million for the last two years. But MGM has lobbied the Department of the Interior and the Trump White House, stalling the East Windsor project. MGM officials contend the East Windsor project, along with a proposal to establish another casino in Bridgeport, should be open to public bidding. Now that former Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke has resigned, tribal leaders expect the approvals could be finalized. State Senator Cathy Osten has submitted a bill, co-sponsored by other legislators, that would eliminate the need for federal approval of the East Windsor project, newly titled “Tribal Winds.” The tribes say the casino—estimated to cost $250 million to $300 million—would open 18 to 24 months after construction begins and generate $75 million annually in state revenue. “We’re ready to go when you are,” Mohegan tribal Chairman Kevin Brown told a legislative committee in January. Brown stepped down from his position in February, but remains on the tribal council.

NOVOMATIC Action Book™



• Thermal Roll Printer

• 22” Full HD Monitors

• Card Reader

• 22” Microtouch Touchscreens

• Barcode Scanner

• Bill Validator

• Sound System

Contact our Sports Betting Solutions team to provide a turnkey self-service betting kiosk that is intuitive and quick to market.


2019_039_GGB_SSBT_US.indd 1

15.02.19 11:32

p. 24 commericalCasinos:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:36 AM Page 28

“As a federally recognized tribe with both the right to engage in gaming activities and the financial backing to make it happen, we believe that if the commonwealth is ready to authorize gaming, our project should be part of it.” —Robert Gray, chief of Virginia’s Pamunkey tribe, noting it would consider operating a commercial casino rather than jump through federal hoops to take land into trust for gaming

A Problematic Process As a concession to states, the commercial casino industry and anti-gambling interests, authors of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) largely limited casinos to tribal lands in existence when the act was passed by Congress in 1988. But the federal law did allow Section 20 exemptions for newly recognized and restored tribes and property acquired in a federal lands claim. The exemptions were intended to provide “equal footing” for tribes not eligible for gambling when the act was passed. IGRA also allows tribes to develop casinos on trust land off existing reservations, a process referred to as “two-part determinations” because it requires approval from the governor and proof a casino is in the best interest of the tribe and not harmful to nearby Indian and non-Indian communities. But getting approval from Interior and the Bureau of Indian Affairs under any Section 20 exemption is a long and expensive endeavor, often fraught with politics and likely to result in years of litigation. “It’s a high bar to clear,” says Newland. “You have to incur millions of dollars of expense to compile the material needed to get through the bureaucratic process. Then if you get a favorable decision, there’s the legal cost to defend the decision in court. “The process has become very difficult.” The process grew more complex with the 2009 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Carcieri v. Salazar, which limited Interior’s authority to place land in trust for tribes. Justices in Carcieri ruled that Interior could not place land in trust for tribes not “under federal jurisdiction” with enactment of the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. Justices, however, did not define “under federal jurisdiction,” giving antigambling groups and tribes opposed to new competition legal ammunition to contest Section 20 petitions. Carcieri caused a lengthy and expensive bureaucratic process to drag on even longer and become even more costly. “The opposition from existing tribal casinos was not anticipated, nor was Carcieri,” says attorney Alex Skibine, who served as deputy counsel for the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs when IGRA was drafted. The Supreme Court ruling in Carcieri allows opponents to question whether Interior has the authority to place land in trust for gambling. Congress has rebuffed efforts to enact a legislative “fix” to the Supreme 28


Court ruling in Carcieri. “The problem is not with IGRA,” tribal attorney Judith Shapiro says of the difficulty in acquiring land for casinos. “The problem is with Carcieri.” “The easy ones have already been done,” Shapiro says of the trust land casino development in the early years of IGRA. “There hasn’t been a lot of growth. That’s been true for a long time.” Pamunkey tribal Chief Robert Gray says he would consider operating a casino in Norfolk, Virginia under commercial law rather than struggle through IGRA’s long, complicated and expensive process. “As a federally recognized tribe with both the right to engage in gaming activities and the financial backing to make it happen, we believe that if the commonwealth is ready to authorize gaming, our project should be part of it,” Gray said in a statement. “To consider other projects without taking into consideration the Pamunkey casino in Norfolk and the potential of additional Pamunkey casinos in Virginia would fail to take a much-needed comprehensive approach to gaming.” Jackson says gambling under IGRA may be problematic, but it still provides opportunity for indigenous Americans, particularly newly recognized, restored and landless tribes. “There are plenty of examples around the country where the revenues from gaming are providing services tribal members would otherwise not have access to,” Jackson says. Section 20 projects are becoming a rarity. “Instead of 20 a year,” she says, “there may be one or two.”

A More United Industry The nationwide campaign to legalize sports betting aligned the lobby and trade organizations for the commercial and tribal segments of the legal gambling industry, the American Gaming Association (AGA) and the National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA). Eleven of the larger casino tribes eventually joined the AGA. While there are significant differences between commercial and tribal government gambling, there are many policy issues that unite the two segments of the casino industry. “We made a very consequential decision, and we’re not uniting for the sake of uniting,” says NIGA Chairman Ernie Stevens. “We’re uniting because it’s important to our future.”


From the leader in portrait video slot cabinets comes the next surge in cuttingedge platforms – the TwinStar® Wave XL! With its curved, 49-inch, 4K UHD display, and some of the most recognizable player-favorite themes in the pipeline, this for-sale cabinet is sure to make waves on your casino floor!

CATCH THE WAVE! Call Your SG Sales Representative Today!


Visit The look and feel of the games and their individual components and displays are trade dress of Scientific Games Corp. and its Subsidiaries. TM and © 2019 Scientific Games Corp. and its Subsidiaries. All rights reserved.

p. 30 class II:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:37 AM Page 30


of Its Own Tribal Class II offerings have evolved from electronic bingo to viable video slots that can compete on any slot floor By Frank Legato


he history of Class II electronic bingo under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 is one of conflict. Originally introduced as an “electronic enhancement” of traditional bingo under IGRA’s Class II rules, electronic bingo machines would evolve through an effort by suppliers to multiply potential bingo-card patterns and work the math, displaying bingo results as the reel results in games that looked identical to the slot machines in commercial casinos. Pioneering tribes, notably the Seminole Tribe of Florida, showcased Class II slot machines during the 1990s as the technology improved to make them appear more slot-like. The Seminoles’ expanding use of Class II games ultimately led the tribe into legal roadblocks, including a 1996 lawsuit by the state of Florida attempting to enjoin the Seminoles from offering the games, which the state claimed were in reality “electronic or electromechanical facsimiles of games of chance,” prohibited under Class II of IGRA. While that particular lawsuit was dismissed on tribal immunity grounds, the Seminoles and other tribes would win subsequent legal and bureaucratic battles over the nature of Class II electronic bingo machines, including an extended battle with the National Indian Gaming Commission, the federal agency overseeing Indian gaming. Former NIGC Chairman Philip Hogen spent much of his 2002-2009 tenure attempting to establish technical standards for Class II that would draw what he called a “bright line” distinguishing Class II games from Class III casino slots. Some of those standards were the very elements preventing Class II from enjoying earnings approaching Class III slots—such as a rule requiring multiple “touches” by the player to complete each play on the slot, simulating the “daubing” of a bingo card. As his term was nearing its end in 2008, Hogen announced that NIGC was dropping the most controversial standards initially proposed for Class II games, including multiple touches. 30


Ironically, by that time, the Seminoles had moved on to Class III, negotiating a compact with Florida that was finalized in 2010, giving the tribe the right to offer Class III slot games. Across the country in California, a few other of the most successful gaming tribes in the U.S. were earning profits mainly from compacted Class III slot machines—which had been deemed a necessity as the young California tribal industry competed with nearby Nevada. Meanwhile, game developers working for leading suppliers of both Class II and Class III slot machines refined the technology and game math, allowing Class II slot games to perform and play ever closer to the game experience provided by their Class III counterparts. Today’s Class II market is served not only by a few longtime Class II stalwarts, but by a collection of well-capitalized suppliers that benefited from major mergers and acquisitions. The former Global Cash Access merged with traditional Class II supplier (and fast-growing Class III company) Multimedia Games to form Everi; AGS acquired veteran Class II supplier Cadillac Jack. Slot giant Aristocrat acquired Tennessee-based Class II company VGT. The resulting financially powerful companies have joined large suppliers like IGT and Scientific Games, which have long supplied Class II Native American markets, and smaller but well-established Class II suppliers such as Georgia’s Eclipse Gaming, in steadily improving the technology of Class II to the point where the two styles of games are now more similar than ever. “It’s tremendous what’s happened over the last five years,” says Andrew Burke, senior vice president of slot products for AGS. “Everything, from in-

p. 30 class II:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:37 AM Page 31

The evolution of Class II technology has provided content for a growing market, as even tribes in markets that allow both Class II and Class III are increasing Class II in their game mix. ternet speed—because everything is linked up—is just so much faster than it was 10 years ago. The ability to port complex math models from Class III into Class II, and to create Class II unique math models, shows that the technology has really opened up. The game play itself is almost indistinguishable. If you put a bank of Class II games in the middle of a floor of Class III games, in a market that’s never had Class II, a player would never know the difference.” “I’ve been in Class II probably 18 years, and yes, (technology) has narrowed the gap,” says Tim Minard, CEO of Eclipse Gaming. “There have been significant improvements in technology. Class II has evolved into high-performing entertainment.” Knute Knudson, who was a South Dakota lawmaker when IGRA was passed, joined International Game Technology in 1992 as vice president specializing in serving Native American markets. Over his 27 years at IGT, Knudson has witnessed the entire evolution of the Class II gaming machine. He says IGT and other suppliers have “closed the gap” in game play between Class II and Class III “unequivocally.” “Some of the best ways to demonstrate that are play functionality, and specifically, game speed,” Knudson says. “For example, our Class II game will complete a play cycle in 2.5 seconds, which is exactly the play cycle for a Class III game.”

Adding Class II The evolution of Class II technology has provided content for a growing market, as even tribes in markets that allow both Class II and Class III are increasing Class II in their game mix. “Markets like Oklahoma that have had Class II continue to add it,” says Burke at AGS. “And there’s a mandate that any part of their floor should be at least 50 percent Class II. The new markets are starting to try it that haven’t historically tried it—markets like Arizona, Indiana, the new Four

Winds property—and we’re hearing about a lot of new projects like that. They’re actually trying Class II for the first time in a lot of cases, which I think is great.” “And you find interest in just about all jurisdictions,” adds IGT’s Knudson. “There’s a variety of reasons for that, the first of which is, of course, the quality of the Class II, and the machine performance.” Jesse DeBruin, vice president of gaming operations for Everi Holdings, notes that while Class II growth is not evident in all markets that include both classifications, the industry overall is increasing its footprint of Class II games. “In California over the past two-plus years, the majority of those tribes have renegotiated their compacts, and a lot of those tribes have reduced or eliminated our Class II footprint,” DeBruin says, citing state removals of caps on Class III games as the primary reason. “However, we’re also seeing a lot of new Class II-only facilities go up,” he says. “You have Four Winds in Indiana. You have Texas casinos, you have Alabama casinos. You also have a lot of states where they consider Class II a significant part of the roadmap, and they want to continue to expand and grow Class II.” Minard of Eclipse Gaming, a longtime Class II supplier with presence in some Class III markets, says the growth of Class II is not over. “I believe that Class II will become continually more relevant,” he says, “as we continue to come up with more exciting and different games for that market. “The advantage of Class II is that there’s a ton of titles out there; everybody’s developing, and there’s a lot of familiarity. But not every one of those games has a Class II version.” w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


p. 30 class II:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:38 AM Page 32

The value of Class II to gaming tribes in hybrid jurisdictions lies not only in their play and earning power, but in the leverage they give tribes in negotiations when it comes time to renew Class III gaming compacts. After all, there is no revenue sharing for Class II games, so the closer the play experience comes to Class III, the more viable it is to load a slot floor with Class II and pay nothing to the host state.

There is, in fact, still much more variety in Class III game libraries, which is why tribes in markets like California and Florida continue to add them. However, James Starr, president of VGT, says Class II suppliers are working diligently to close the gap. “We have an opportunity to expand Class II hardware and content to provide variety similar to that available in Class III,” Starr says. “We as well as other manufacturers are slowly making progress toward delivering more of the form factors and content for Class II. Now, Class II options are better, and technology is definitely better. “Historically, Class II technology and products have been perceived as inferior. Some in the industry have caught on to the fact that the technology has advanced rapidly, particularly in the last three or four years.” He says the acquisitions have fueled the acceleration of development on the Class II side. “Some people perceive that Class II is still where it was 10 to 12 years ago. That’s one of the things we’ve had to work hard to overcome, historical expectations, and it’s our biggest challenge going forward.”

Class II vs. Compacts Although technological advancement has made the play experiences of Class II and Class III nearly identical, gaming tribes in many states where both classifications are authorized still lean on the traditional Class III games. That may be changing, but compacted tribes are sure to continue to take full advantage of the ability to offer any and all new slot games from the major suppliers, not to mention a full complement of table games. In addition to variety, Minard of Eclipse Gaming notes that while very close, Class II games are not yet identical in play to traditional Class III slots. “The speed in which you can do the ball calls and bingo results has created just a nominal speed difference,” he says. “I think the math models are still a little bit different, but bingo still has a finite amount of outcomes. So, there are things you can do with Class III that are maybe a bit more challenging with Class II.” 32


One more difference that is not normally noticed at the larger casinos but is still a Class II rule: At least two players must be active for a Class II bingo game to proceed, so on a near-empty floor, a Class II machine may pause after the spin button is pushed to wait for another player to join the server-based bingo game. Minard stresses, though, that improvements in processing speed are all but wiping those differences out, from the player’s perspective. The evolution of Class II has made them a viable substitute for Class III where both classifications are available, he says. VGT’s Starr offers Oklahoma as a prime example, where there is significant Class II growth in what he estimates is the largest hybrid Class II/Class III market today. “We have seen a trend the last few years in Oklahoma where it’s crept up from around 40 percent Class II to over 45 percent today,” he says. “You also are starting to see some markets like California and Washington add some Class II—not at the rates you’re seeing in Oklahoma, but even in some states like Wisconsin, you’re seeing some Class II, more as a trial. As we become successful, I’m sure



u e . u s V I S I TU SA t synergybl

p. 30 class II:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:38 AM Page 34

All of the suppliers serving both classifications now design new games to be launched in both classes simultaneously, as well as new games specifically tailored to Class II and customers in specific markets.

they’ll add more.” The value of Class II to gaming tribes in hybrid jurisdictions lies not only in their play and earning power, but in the leverage they give tribes in negotiations when it comes time to renew Class III gaming compacts. After all, there is no revenue sharing for Class II games, so the closer the play experience comes to Class III, the more viable it is to load a slot floor with Class II and pay nothing to the host state. “There are active compact negotiations in a number of jurisdictions,” says IGT’s Knudson. “Negotiations continue in Oklahoma. Some major markets expire very soon. Class II is an extremely important negotiating tool, because compacts obviously are not necessary for Class II products to be utilized.” “I’m watching tribes go through (negotiations) right now in Oklahoma,” says AGS’ Burke. “I can tell you Class II gives them that leverage, because they are 100 percent serious about going all Class II if they don’t get what they want. “The tribes have been able to look at the states with a straight face and say, ‘Hey, if you don’t want to negotiate with us and play ball with us, we’ll just go this other route.’ I think that’s why it’s important to them that they keep 50 percent of their floor in Class II, in case they need to make a switch fast.”

Accelerating Game Development The growth of Class II—and the refinement of bingo math models to the point where play is nearly identical to Class III—has led to parallel efforts in game research and development as suppliers strive to fill the gap in available content between the two classifications. All of the suppliers serving both classifications now design new games to be launched in both classes simultaneously, as well as new games specifically tailored to Class II and customers in specific markets. DeBruin says Everi devotes its efforts to creating content that will earn in either class. “It’s something we’ve prided ourselves on, in terms of our approach with our tribal partner customers,” he says. “We do not have separate development teams. We design a game, and then release it, across Class II and Class III. That allows us to leverage our game design in all markets. It gives us flexibility.” Burke says AGS follows the same procedure, on the slot platform the company developed on the bones of the operating system it inherited from the former Class II-heavy Cadillac Jack. VGT’s Starr, similarly, says all Class II development is now under the same Aristocrat team that produces Class III titles. Knudson says IGT designs class II-specific content, along with Class III content that can be ported over to Class II. “We’re putting a lot of the very 34


successful games from Class III into Class II, and we’re also designing very specific games just for Class II,” he says. One result of all this new R&D effort is a growing library of products that follow the same trends as the Class III market. Lately, that means progressive slots. All the manufacturers are proliferating the progressive footprint in Class II markets, particularly in the area of localarea progressives. “What you’re seeing more and more now is technology where there’s not only the wide-area progressive, but you’re also seeing the single-site local-area progressives,” says VGT’s Starr. “And those tend to be the games players want to play the most. Particularly, we’re seeing a trend toward those single-site progressives because they tend to hit more frequently.” Many of the progressives now in the Class II market are in the style of multiple progressives popular in Class III markets right now. “I think the shift to multi-level progressives in Class II is really driven more by the shift of progressives in general,” comments Burke. “The whole gaming market has shifted that way, to the point where if you don’t have games with progressives, you’re in trouble.” As in Class III, there is plenty of room for innovation in the Class II market. Eclipse Gaming, for instance, offers an “Anyline Progressive” that awards players regardless of the pay line on which a winning progressive lands. “Entertainment obviously is becoming a little more of a factor in Class II,” says Minard. “You see bigger splash, bigger cabinets, more unique cabinets, better lights, better graphics... The math still makes such a difference, but the visual aspects of these games are improving more and more.” The acceleration of Class II content introduction is supported by the same R&D efforts that support the Class III libraries of all manufacturers—small suppliers like Eclipse as well as the industry leaders. “We do player focus groups,” Minard says, “and we have advisory councils that include players, but mostly consist of slot directors from around the country. We do that regularly; we’re always soliciting feedback. “And being small, we can be nimble. We’ve been in business 10 years, and we’ve earned a good share of the marketplace. We’ve got over 100 titles, and we have a good stable base of customers that like to play our games.” The larger, post-merger companies like Everi and AGS, while combining design efforts and growing in Class III markets, mirror that same attitude of managing their market share, their legacy companies having served Class II markets for decades. “For a company like ours that started as a Class II company, we have a design philosophy in mind, where we’re designing for Class II and Class

p. 30 class II:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:38 AM Page 35

III customers together,” says DeBruin. “Suppliers that started as Class III might not have the same approach. Everything we offer in Class III, for the most part, we offer in Class II. That’s not always the case with other manufacturers. “So, I think casinos will continue to look for both Class II and Class III, where they can. I think Class II is certainly here to stay, longterm. I think it’s going to continue to be of critical importance to tribes. It really allows them to maintain their independence... You still have some jurisdictions out there and some states out there that have zero compacts, and it’s purely Class II—Texas, Alabama—so, from a macro level, Class II will continue to be of critical importance to customers.” “Class II will continue to grow as a percentage of the overall slot product,” agrees IGT’s Knudson. “While I don’t think you will see double-digit increases on an annual basis, I think it’s possible we could see increases on an annual basis in Class II.” “We were happy to see a few Class II-only properties opening up just in this last year, like Four Winds South Bend in Indiana and Prairie Flower in Iowa,” adds VGT’s Starr. “While there is an expansion of Class II-only properties, we have seen more Class III facilities giving Class II a trial. As we continue to improve Class II quality, more Class III properties continue to add Class II games.” “I think there’s still this stigma and this thought that technology in Class II is old and antiquated,” says Burke at AGS, “so, I think a lot of people just aren’t aware of how far it’s come. “I see it growing. I see it becoming a way for tribes to expand their businesses. I think you should see big California operators start to explore smaller Class II facilities on their reservations. The technology is there to do that. The business is there to do that. So, I think that as they mature their businesses, Class II is a natural way to grow it.”

For more information or to subscribe to the database or monthly report contact Ashley Diem at or call +1-302-730-3793 - w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


p. 36 percapita:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:38 AM Page 36

BiG Money By Dave Palermo


kooter McCoy, general manager of the nonprofit Cherokee Boys Club, knows all too well the impact per-capita payments from the Eastern Band of Cherokee’s Harrah’s casino in North Carolina has had on tribal children, including his son, Spencer. “If you’ve lived in a small, rural community and never saw anybody leave, never saw anyone with a white-collar job or leading any organization, you always kind of keep your mindset right here,” McCoy told Wired magazine. “Our kids today—the kids at the high school—they believe the sky’s the limit. It’s really changed the entire mindset of the community these past 20 years.” Tribal government gaming exploded into a $32.4 billion industry with passage of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) of 1988, enabling American Indian tribes to grow and strengthen their governments and diversify their economies. But a somewhat controversial aspect of IGRA remains the direct disbursement of casino revenue to tribal citizens, referred to as per-capita payments. Some Cherokee children call it “big money.”

Payment Processing Of the approximately 370 tribes in the lower 48 states, 242 tribes operate government casinos, according to the National Indian Gaming Commission (NIGC), generating revenue largely used to provide community infrastructure, health care, housing, education and other services. About 130 of those gambling tribes also issue per-capita payments to their citizens, according to the Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Indian Affairs. Per-capita is a non-issue for large tribes on primarily rural reservations in the Midwest and Great Plains and the massive Navajo Nation, which spans parts of Arizona, New Mexico and Utah. Those tribal casinos are primarily marginal operations intended to generate jobs rather than revenue. Tribal enrollments are too large to justify per-capita payments. But annual per-capita payments can easily run into five, six and even seven figures for the more lucrative, small-enrollment tribes in urban areas such as the Mashantucket Pequots in Connecticut, the Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux of Minnesota and the Pechanga, Santa Ynez and San Manuel Indian bands in Southern California. Modest per-capita payments of $1,000 to $2,000 a year have provided marginal and low-income families with subsidies to make rent, mortgage 36


Per-capita payments a looming issue for casino tribes and car payments and obtain other household necessities. Larger payments from the more lucrative casinos have enabled tribal citizens to launch businesses, create investment portfolios and engage in entrepreneurialism. “It’s not only helped us with economic stipends each month, but it has given us cause to hope and dream and plan,” a tribal elder for the Dry Creek Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians told a Harvard University research team.

Negative Reaction But critics regard per-capita as a form of welfare, sapping the initiative of indigenous citizens to complete their education and seek out jobs and economic opportunity. Some blame per-capita payments for drug and alcoholic abuse. Many tribal leaders criticize the payments for depleting gambling revenue that would otherwise be used for government programs and tribal business enterprises. And per-capita payments have been blamed for negatively impacting community politics and creating an epidemic of tribal disenrollment. A number of respected tribal leaders have been ousted for decisions impacting per-capita payments to tribal citizens. As many as 81 tribes have purged membership rolls, presumably to increase casino payments, although some contend determining citizenship is a function of a maturing tribal government. “Per-capita is the most formidable political force in Indian Country right now,” says tribal attorney Gabriel Galanda, a citizen of the Round Valley Tribe of California. “There are examples of tribes unable to get a quorum of the membership to vote in an election without offering a percap payment at the door. “It is a massive influence in Indian Country,” Galanda says, “and not in a good way.” “Tribal economies and lifestyles built on per-capita payments have almost no chance of long-term sustainability,” Lance Morgan, CEO of HoChunk Inc., a subsidiary of the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska, told Harvard researchers. “This new form of welfare is just the latest in a cycle of dependency that Indian Country has been trying to break out of for over 100 years.” By any measure, per-capita payments are a highly complex issue. Assumptions cannot be easily made. It will be a topic of discussion at the annual conference of the Native

p. 36 percapita:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:38 AM Page 37

“It is a massive influence in Indian Country, and not in a good way.” —Tribal attorney Gabriel Galanda on per-capita payments

American Finance Officers Association (NAFOA) meeting April 14-16 in Portland, Oregon. “Do per-capita payments provide needed support and help build a local economy or do they undermine culture and tradition by servicing individuals over the community and providing cash payments in lieu of jobs?” the conference agenda states. “With the benefit a few decades of experience and hindsight, our panelists will explore the often-contentious issue of distributing revenue to members/citizens.” NAFOA Executive Director Dante Desiderio, a Sappony citizen, said the per-capita discussion “should be brought out in the open for leadership to discuss and work together toward a balanced stewardship of a healthy and sustained government while meeting citizen interests.” But the session will be closed to the press. “That’s how sensitive this is,” says a tribal official who requested anonymity. “Tribal leaders know they need to talk about it. They’re happy NAFOA is taking it up. It’s an issue we need to address. But it needs to be discussed in private.” “It’s a very complicated issue,” says Rosebud Sioux Joe Valandra, managing director of VAdvisors and former NIGC chief of staff. “And it becomes very emotional.”

Per-capita Politics and Policy The emergence of tribal gambling has provided Indian communities with discretionary income, many for the first time in their history. It also has created the need to make major government and public policy decisions. For example, should casino revenue be used for the welfare of the entire community, building governmental infrastructure, launching business enterprises and providing health care, housing and social services? Or should the funds go to individual families who are most in need? About 40 percent of indigenous Americans live on economically depressed reservations where poverty is rampant and unemployment can range from 40

percent to 60 percent or higher. “Per-capita payments help citizens meet urgent needs. Many reservation populations are poor, and individuals and families are chronically short of cash,” wrote the Native Nations Institute and the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development in a 2007 policy paper. But “channeling all tribal revenues into tribal government encourages the idea that it is the government’s job to provide for all the needs of its citizens—a form of dependency,” the report goes on to say. “Tribal citizens are shareholders in the tribal estate. This is their money. It should be given to them.” Others argue that jobs, housing, education and health care are items most aptly provided by well-funded and administered tribal government programs. “Per-capita payments draw away resources that should be invested in such services, making it harder to provide them to citizens,” Harvard researchers say. The per-capita inequality is glaring. Although most tribes keep their financial information a closely guarded secret, the Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux per-capita is believed to be approaching $1 million a year. Meanwhile, the Blackfeet Nation in Montana sets aside a $75 per-capita payment at Christmas for its 17,000 members to buy presents without going into debt. The roughly 16,000 members of the Eastern Band of Cherokee receive about $12,000 a year. The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, with about 11,000 members, limit per-capita in their tribal-state compact to $1,000 per year.

Disbursements To Minors Per-capita payments to minors are generally held in trust until the child reaches the age of 18. Depending on the tribe and amount of per-capita, the person could at that age collect a sizable sum.

Should casino revenue be used for the welfare of the entire community, building governmental infrastructure, launching business enterprises and providing health care, housing and social services? Or should the funds go to individual families who are most in need? w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


p. 36 percapita:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:38 AM Page 38

“(Per-capita discussions) should be brought out in the open for leadership to discuss and work together toward a balanced stewardship of a healthy and sustained government while meeting citizen interests.” —Native American Finance Officers Association Executive Director Dante Desiderio

Fears young adults receiving large disbursements would lapse into idleness and drug abuse apparently have not materialized to a great degree. Studies show dropout rates for students with the Eastern Band of Cherokee improved when their families began receiving income subsidies. But there is anecdotal evidence of increasing high school dropout rates tied to large per-capita payments. “After we started per-capita payments (of $2,000 per month) it seemed everybody lost motivation,” a Southern California tribal leader told Harvard researchers. “We had a high dropout rate, around 85 percent.” According to studies—most notably a 2010 report by Duke University Medical School for the National Institute of Health—young Native American adult recipients of income subsidies encounter few psychiatric disorders. But there have been incidents of violence linked to drugs and gangs on a handful of California reservations with lucrative casinos. Modest per-capita payments normally are used to pay off debts and nominal household expenses. Research suggests that mental health issues and socially damaging behavior for school-age children increase with the excessive accumulation of wealth. The First Nations Development Institute encourages crafting per-capita distribution programs to promote education, savings and investment programs. Some tribes require the recipient to undergo financial training. Others require incremental payments over a period of time. “Considering the potential for negative consequences of children coming into one-time moderate-to-large amounts of capital as young adults, ages 18 to 25 years, it is a profound responsibility to assist youth to better understand the economic choices they have gained through accounts established by tribes for their futures,” Karen Edwards and Sarah Dewees write in “Developing Innovations,” a study for the Native Assets Research Center. “Many children in tribes today do not remember historical ‘hard times’ and do not have a point of reference as to what life was like when their parents, grandparents and ancestors had to sacrifice just so their children would survive shortages of food, shelter and other basic necessities,” Edwards and Dewees write.

An Alternative To RAPs IGRA requires that tribes seeking to make per-capita payments submit a revenue allocation plan (RAP) to the Department of the Interior for approval. The RAP must ensure the tribe has adequate funding for its tribal government, tribal economic development and donations to charitable organizations and local governments. In addition, the RAP must include information and criteria for accounting of disbursements as well as dispute resolution and utilization or creation of a tribal court system. The primary criticism of per-capita is its divisive impact on politics and the fact it diverts revenue from government, social services and economic develop38


ment programs. Per-capita payments to individuals are subject to taxation. But the Tribal Welfare Exclusion Act of 2014 states that tribal government payments to citizens for certain benefits—such as health coverage, housing, elder care, education and cultural programs—are exempt from taxation. “Tribes are currently weighing a recent alternative,” Desiderio says of the Welfare Exclusion Act. The legislation, Desiderio says, “offers a way to provide programs and services that are exempt from income taxes, making them attractive alternatives to individual distributions for both the government and the individual.” The demand RAPs place on the funding of tribal government programs can also impact bank underwriting of tribal debt. “The decision to continue or increase per-capita payments is not without consequences,” Desiderio says. “Banks and rating agencies may weigh the per-capita obligations when underwriting loans or assigning credit scores. So the decisions may impact future growth. “With the benefit of a few decades of experience and hindsight, our panelists will relate their experiences, lessons learned, and what issues may be in store for the future,” Desiderio says. “For example, with slowing revenue from a mature gaming industry and an exploding youth population, how do tribes meet future expectations? We will also look to the academic community to weigh community impacts.”

“When you get into guaranteed income, people depend on it. If something happens and the tribe can no longer maintain the payments, not only is it a political death knell for the current administration, but it has a lot of ramification for the tribal economy.” —Joe Valandra, managing director of VAdvisors and former chief of staff for the National Indian Gaming Commission

FRQQHFW 3 8 5 & + $ 6 , 1 *   0 $ 1 $ * ( 0 ( 1 7   , 1 7 ( 5 1 $ 7 , 2 1 $ /

&RQQHFWWR%8<,1*32:(5 &RQQHFWWR,17(*5,7<







p. 36 percapita:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:39 AM Page 40

“I don’t think the federal government can tell a tribe it can’t make per-capita payments out of its gaming revenue.” —Frank Ducheneaux, an author of IGRA

A Critical Review

Bryan Newland, chairman of the Bay Mills Indian Community of Michigan and a former counsel with the Department of the Interior. The architects of IGRA regret the negative impact per-capita payments have “I would never want the federal government as a matter of federal policy had on tribal politics and enrollment. Individual disbursements were not a to say, ‘Hey, you can’t spend your gaming revenues that way.’ controversy when the act was passed because tribal government gambling was “But I think it leads to a lot of complex political problems in a lot of not expected to become a billion-dollar industry. tribal communities. It can create all kinds of problems for tribal governments “There was no argument for or against it (per-capita payments),” says and tribal communities. Alex Skibine, an Oklahoma Osage and University of Utah law professor who “But if you have all of your nation-building done along with your operatserved as deputy counsel for the House Committee on Interior and Insular ing infrastructure and government, and you’re meeting the needs of your Affairs when IGRA was drafted. “There was no real debate. We wanted to incommunity, what else are you going to do with the clude some kind of limits to control the tribes’ spending. revenue? We wanted to make sure the needs of the tribe were met.” “If you are a seasonable employee or you’re dis“I put the provision in there,” says Frank Ducheneaux, abled or retired or you’re a minimum-wage worker, an Oglala Lakota and legal counsel to Interior and Insular even $1,000 a year makes a big difference. When you Affairs. “The concern at the time was the taxability of the ask me about how I feel about per-caps, I say they are a payments. double-edged sword.” “I never imagined a tribe would disenroll people solely Many tribal leaders pursuing economic and govon the grounds they didn’t want them to have per-capita ernmental expansion and diversification may rue the distributions. Disenrollment wasn’t a big issue back then. day they approved a per-capita payment plan. Amend“I’m opposed to disenrollment, particularly when it’s reing a RAP can be a politically volatile endeavor. lated to per-capita. I don’t like it. Tribal membership can be “The political issue for most tribal leaders is once a valuable right,” Ducheneaux says. “But I don’t think the you start a RAP you can never stop,” Valandra says. federal government can tell a tribe it can’t make per-capita “Yet, what if economic circumstances change and as a payments out of its gaming revenue.” tribe you don’t have the revenue you once had? What “Frankly, we did not forecast how successful some of do you do? those casinos would become and how fast it would occur,” “When you get into guaranteed income, people Skibine says. “We didn’t know the economics of gaming, depend on it. If something happens and the tribe can the way it was going to develop. no longer maintain the payments, not only is it a polit“If you look at some of the big tribes in the Midwest ical death knell for the current administration, but it and Great Plains, they may never meet the needs of their has a lot of ramification for the tribal economy.” tribal members,” Skibine says, a Department of Interior re“The thing about a per-capita is once you put quirement before a tribe can issue per-capita payments. “We them out there, they can only increase, politically,” didn’t realize a lot of the more successful tribes would be the Skibine says. “Anybody wants to freeze them, they’ll very, very small enrollment tribes in urban areas. We didn’t get voted out of office.” think in those terms. “A lot of tribes throughout the country have built “Those are the ones who became the most successful the successful businesses, particularly those that haven’t quickest. They are able to meet the needs of the tribal memchosen to allocate most of their gaming revenue to perbers very quickly,” largely because government and social capita distributions, but have instead chosen to build services are provided by non-Indian communities. tribal assets,” says Kristi Jackson, chairman of TFA “We didn’t think issuing a per-capita was going to be —Utah law professor Alex Capital Partners, an investment banking firm servicing that easy,” Skibine says. Skibine, who served as deputy tribal and commercial gambling and leisure industry counsel for the House clients. Looking to the Future Committee on Interior and “Those tribes that do say that if you can, politi“I am not a fan of per-capita payments. But I would also deInsular Affairs when IGRA was cally, don’t initiate a per-cap. It’s interesting to hear fend the right of tribal governments and tribes and their drafted that perspective.” communities to make those decisions for themselves,” says

“We didn’t realize a lot of the more successful tribes would be the very, very small enrollment tribes in urban areas. We didn’t think in those terms.”



Project5:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:57 AM Page 1

p. 42 tribaldesign:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:41 AM Page 42

Bring the When it comes to design, tribal gaming resorts are blending traditional themes with Vegas-style glitz


By Marjorie Preston


n 1977, Seminole Chief Howard Tommie traveled from Florida to Pittsburgh to learn Tribal totems in black, white and red are among several overt references to Puyallup culture at the how churches and VFWs used Emerald Queen. Note the salmon-shaped benches and rainfall-inspired chandelier. bingo to raise extra money. Two years later, when the An extravagant pool complex is just Seminoles introduced the nation’s one of the must-see attractions at first high-stakes tribal bingo hall, Pechanga Resort & Casino in they kicked off a multibillion-dollar Temecula, California. Last year, the nationwide and global industry that, Pechanga Band of Luiseño Mission Indians completed a $300 million 40 years on, continues to grow in expansion of the property. power and influence. In many cases, tribes that once operated out of roadside trailers and tents are building resorts as big and blingy as anything in Vegas. Case in point: In March 2018, Pechanga Resort & Casino completed a $300 million expansion that made it A remarkable example of Vegas style in the tribal arena is the Puyallup Inthe largest Native American resort in Southern California. The Pechanga Band dians’ $350 million Emerald Queen Casino, now going up on an indusof Luiseño Indians added a new 14-story AAA four-diamond hotel tower, trial stretch of Interstate 5 in Tacoma, Washington. The Emerald 67,000 square feet of event space, a lavish two-story spa, and a 4.5-acre pool Queen—which takes its name from the tribe’s former riverboat casino—is complex. Design-wise, nods to tribal culture are implied but not overt; the hisbig and bold enough to stand out in the port city’s crowded skyline. tory of the band is related in dedicated displays of tribal artifacts and pottery in Assertively urban, it also takes many opportunities to pay homage to the casino and hotel, and the landscape, designed by Lifescapes International, the tribe’s ancestral landscape, which includes Mt. Rainier, Puget Sound, is lush with oak trees, considered sacred to the Pechanga community. and the Puyallup River that flows between them. Also in 2018, the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians opened the “The traditional landscape has been highly altered by modern develFour Winds South Bend Casino, the first tribal casino in Indiana. The propopment, but for the tribe, it’s still home, and they wanted to express who erty’s soaring rotunda entryway leads to a 1,800-slot casino, casino center bar, they are today,” says Sam Olbekson, director of Native American design retail corridor, and four F&B outlets; its contemporary look acknowledges for Minnesota-based Cuningham Group Architecture. “So the question tribal culture through rich stone, tile and wood finishes and geometric ceiling becomes, how do you convey a sense of cultural identity for a modern, soand floor patterns. Most dramatically, the Pokagon, descendants of the Copphisticated urban tribe?” per Culture of indigenous people, positioned two found “float copper” rocks The answers were found in extended conversations with tribal leadfrom Michigan’s Northern Peninsula at the entrance of the steakhouse. They ers, artists and community members, who made it clear there was one are well over 11,000 years old and weigh a total of five tons.

Out-Stripping the Competition



p. 42 tribaldesign:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:41 AM Page 43

The new Emerald Queen Casino, a project of the Puyallup Tribe of Indians, will bring Vegas flair to I-5 in Tacoma, Washington

The dramatic rotunda entryway welcomes Four Winds guests

Copper is an important element to the Pokagons, hence this striking “float copper” rock, mined from Minnesota’s Northern Peninsula. It is said to be at least 11,000 years old.

The result is a marriage of Vegas pizazz and more muted tribal references: shapes, forms and images that are significant but subtle, sometimes so low-key that only tribal members will immediately pick up on them. Inside, those references continue.

In Their Footsteps thing they did not want: overstated Native design elements. “There was a kind of fad in the 1980s where casinos all over the country had these geometric patterns from the Southwest and tepees— even tribes that didn’t have tepees were seeing these expressions in their buildings, because the architects applied symbols from one culture to another,” says Olbekson, himself a member of the Ojibwe tribe of Minnesota. “We take a research-based approach to our projects, making sure we get buy-ins from the tribe to use certain symbols and design gestures.” The architects and designers also learned what not to include, adds Olbekson, who has seen culturally sensitive imagery used as motifs in gaming resorts, “most likely unbeknownst to designers. Some of those images are spiritual symbols that are about really personal ceremonial practices reserved for really intimate settings in the community.” Those kinds of blunders, he says, can make a caricature of culture.

Making an Understatement Outside, the Emerald Queen is wrapped in metal panels in an abstracted basket-weave pattern that at the same time is very contemporary. “It’s a Native American pattern, but very subtle—a stippled, bold black and gray metallic, not at all in-your-face,” says Olbekson. “It’s a very modern version of texture that’s visually engaging, draws you in, and highlights the space as a place of entertainment and fun.” The tribe’s signature colors of black, white and vivid red are evident in the building’s signage, a leaping-salmon logo, and a giant LED display that faces the highway. These features will let motorists “experience the building” even as they whiz by, says Olbekson. So will big banks of windows that allow outsiders to glimpse all the activity inside. A grand entryway will create a sense of arrival, with traditional male and female welcoming figures etched into the glass.

Step into the Emerald Queen, and different aspects of the Puyallup story are relayed at every corner, with “a lot of references to the river, to rushing waters, to stones, to the forest and trees,” says Olbekson. A presentation made to the tribe in February—he describes it as a “cultural map”—divides the floor area into four sections depicting the river, the mountain, the sound and the timberline. A walk-through will take guests on a subliminal journey through Puyallup land and history, minus overt cultural clichés. Under foot, a carpet pattern is reminiscent of tumbling river water. Overhead, the ceiling design can evoke starry skies or thunderheads of clouds. The design of Summit Bar is suggestive of a frosty landscape. An F&B outlet contains abstracted cedar forms and alpine colors. A buffet used vertical patterns and curvilinear forms to represent trees along the riverbank. The 2,000-seat, 21,000square-foot event center will incorporate cedar paneling, evocative of that traditional tribal gathering space, the longhouse. “You essentially take this winding, sinuous path to each of the different destinations in the interior, by the restaurants, the gaming area, the center bar area and down to the area of the building that faces the Sound,” according to Olbekson. “Because it’s a casino, it has to be fun, bold and memorable. It has to have that exaggeration. There’s a sense of a theme. But this is not Disneyland.” In a July 2018 report on the project, the Everett Herald dubbed the new EQC “Vegas on I-5.” The publication quoted Tacoma City Council member Conor McCarthy, who said, “Make it big and bright and beautiful and sparkly, because we need it. And as much bling as possible.” The tribe apparently agreed. The Emerald Queen Casino is expected to open in December—replacing a casino operating out of tents—and plans are in place to add a $65 million hotel, spa and conference center. “Those tents have been paid off for a long time,” General Manager Frank Wright told the Herald last year. “We’ve been able to do real well, not only helping our tribal members —we’ve been able to help other people in the community.” w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


p. 42 tribaldesign:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:41 AM Page 44


Unbridled Growth Nick Schoenfeldt Vice President and Principal Thalden Boyd Emery Architects

n the mid-1990s, the Wildhorse casino was a humble operation, located inside a five-wide trailer on the Umatilla Indian Reservation in Pendleton, Oregon. Today, the Wildhorse is a full-fledged destination resort, complete with a 10-story luxury hotel tower, an 18-hole golf course, an event center, multiple F&B options, a Vegas-style casino with 1,200 slots, table games, poker and bingo, and more. The resort is ready to grow again. A proposed $85 million expansion set to break ground this spring will add a second hotel tower, a 32lane bowling alley, a new concert venue, a spa and other amenities. Wildhorse CEO Gary George called the additions “a means to diversify” and bring in a full range of gaming, leisure and business patrons along with families. According to news reports, a drum-shaped rotunda will link the two hotel towers, and the complex will include a 2,500-seat indoor horse arena large enough to stage rodeos. We asked Nick Schoenfeldt, vice president and principal of Thalden Boyd Emery Architects, for a sneak peek at the expansion, which is expected to be complete in 2020.


TGG: The Wildhorse is adding a new hotel tower, movie theaters, 24 bowling lanes, outdoor pool, ballroom/event center, an entertainment venue, etc. Why did tribal leaders choose to add these amenities at this time? Nick Schoenfeldt: In our view, these amenities

are the natural next level of phased growth, offering guests at Wildhorse more comfort, luxury and entertainment and making the Wildhorse a true destination resort. Without a doubt, one of the motivating factors behind these specific amenities at this time is to provide a more appealing atmosphere for families. With the baby boomer population quickly phasing into retirement, casinos and resorts are looking for ways to present themselves in a way that resonates with Gen-Xers and the rising mil-



lennials. By referencing the AAA guide for a threeplus diamond property throughout the design process, and offering something for everyone in the family, this property is setting itself up nicely to expand its market reach and continue to grow. What are the special considerations that go into designing for a tribal property? Tribal motifs are timeless and important, but not everyone is going for a traditional look.

The wonderful thing about designing for tribal properties is that every single development is uniquely different. Our team of architects and interior designers goes to great lengths to understand the cultural nuances and heritage associated with each tribe. When tribal people walk through one of our projects, we want them to notice symbols and feel a sense of pride and respect for their culture and ancestry. Many of our projects incorporate tribal design elements: woven into custom carpeting (Quinault Beach Resort Casino); animal “paw prints” on the gaming floor ceiling (Buffalo Thunder); an enormous back-lit mesquite tree behind the guest check-in desk (Harrah’s Ak-Chin); or a vibrant glowing torch as the central display in the lobby (Firekeepers). We invest a lot of time in meeting with tribal council members and elders before and throughout every expansion project. Their input helps our team represent the tribe’s culture and traditions in a way that is both respectful to the tribe and artistically appealing to non-tribal people. Can you talk about several of the architectural and design elements at Wildhorse that are significant to the tribe’s history but presented in a fresh way?

The Confederated Tribes of Umatilla are best known for their passion for horses, hand-crafted blankets and hospitality. As guests and employees move throughout these facilities, nearly every pattern used has reference to these traditions.

Sleek interior spaces at Wildhorse are made more vibrant with rich woods and natural stone

UNLV_2019_Fullpage2.qxp_Layout 1 3/1/19 10:23 PM Page 2

Presented by

Don’t Miss These 2019 Episodes! FEBRUARY 21


Listen as some of the industry’s top visionaries discuss the future of gaming and hospitality and the changing landscape of Las Vegas. *Archived webinar available.



Operators and manufacturers will come together and discuss vital issues for casinos: the changing casino floor, the price of new games, and the regulatory stranglehold in some jurisdictions.



Table games have made a resurgence in gaming in the last 10 years. Hear from operators and manufacturers on how this segment of the industry is quickly evolving.

MAY 21


At this full-day episode presented at the Morongo Resort & Casino in California, gaming executives will hear from a panel of casino and tribal leaders.



Non-gaming amenities are becoming a larger part of every casinos’ revenue stream. F&B and retail experts will discuss the latest trends in dining, what works and what doesn’t and how to maximize your retail space. Explore which non-gaming segments perform best in a casino environment.



At this Episode, hear the best practices in human resources, debate the details of great customer service and discover how to link great employees with remarkable service.

Attend In Person, Live Stream or View Webinar. Visit UNLV Gaming & Hospitality Education Series Sponsors

UNLV Gaming & Hospitality Education Series brought to you by


p. 46 operations:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:42 AM Page 46


Buying Smart Developing a clear purchasing strategy for FF&E and OS&E


ncorporating a purchasing perspective early will save money, get better product and ensure excellent project execution. As tribal casino development becomes increasingly complex, one vital aspect that is often overlooked is FF&E (furniture, fixtures and equipment) and OS&E (operating supplies and equipment) sourcing and procurement. All the effort put into project planning by the tribal council and project manager can be wasted if a clear FF&E and OS&E purchasing strategy is not developed, communicated to the entire project team, and executed well. During predevelopment, tribal project managers should engage a professional purchasing company to help develop that strategy. An effective FF&E and OS&E sourcing strategy starts at the conceptual stage of a project and helps define the budget and scope constraints. At PMI Tribal Services, we work closely with our clients to provide them with robust predevelopment planning tools focused on FF&E and OS&E sourcing. The first step is to develop lineitem conceptual FF&E and OS&E budgets. Key attributes of a valuable FF&E and OS&E conceptual budget are: • Itemization where possible • Clearly listed exclusions • Budget assumptions based on design concepts • Developed through multiple drafts • Uses current manufacturer direct pricing data (Not dealer pricing) FF&E and OS&E conceptual budgets give tribal clients actionable information and are based on current market pricing, which helps make conversations about design details efficient and effective. A large-volume purchasing company, like PMI, provides market-referenced pricing data. This is significant, because a purchasing company is not a furniture dealer but rather a company that purchases directly from manufacturers as the owner, thereby obtaining manufacturer direct costs. Partnering with the interior designer and project manager, PMI’s conceptual budgeting process incorporates the design goals of the tribe as understood by the interior designer and the schedule goals controlled by the project manager. 46 TRIBAL GOVERN MENT GAMIN G 2 01 9

By Carl Long

Multiple drafts of a conceptual budget require collaboration between the tribal council, the project manager, designer and purchasing company. The end of the conceptual budgeting process produces a team committed to a common budget and scope because every stakeholder contributed to its development. Once developed, the project conceptual budget is the best stepping-off point for ongoing successful project execution excellence. Excellent project sourcing will result in better product, on-time completion, and lower project costs. An FF&E and OS&E sourcing strategy starting from a well-developed conceptual budget will address the three constraints of time, quality and price. Professional purchasing services connect the conceptual budget with actual FF&E and OS&E production resources and enable tribes to make informed purchasing decisions. The vendor selection process should be transparent and involve the tribe, project manager, designer and purchasing company to select the best vendor for each item or category. This is a key difference in developing and executing a sourcing strategy with an independent purchasing company rather that a furniture dealer or distributor. An independent purchasing company will bring largevolume buying power while a furniture dealer has limited relationships with a set number of manufacturers, thereby restricting the viable choices from which a tribe can select. The independent purchasing company connects the project to the best product with no limitations by competitively bidding all product to qualified suppliers. In addition to price considerations, as sovereign nations, tribes’ sourcing strategies must incorporate tax mitigation measures. Mitigating tax exposure requires diligent attention to detail and a coordinated system of project expediting. Because most of the product purchased for casino projects is made to order and must fit within a construction schedule, having a purchasing timeline that details purchasing milestones is critical to a project’s success. During the predevelopment stage, the purchasing company, project manager and contractor coordinate construction activities with the various lead times for sourcing and manufacturing of all the product that occur along the

contractor’s critical path. As the project progresses, regular communication between the contractor and purchasing agent related to deliveries and construction progress is very important. In-house expediting services should be a key component of any purchasing agent’s involvement with tribal projects. Instead of delegating project expediting to a third party, the purchasing company should be in control of the deliveries as part of the purchasing process. In-house project expediting is an integral part of the purchasing services, and increases the level of project control and likelihood of on-time project completion. In-house expediting also increases the quality of communication among the project team. Just like the development of the conceptual budget, the production expediting phase of a project is collaborative and requires close communication with the project team. Key attributes of FF&E and OS&E strategy execution: • Purchasing timeline coordinates with construction schedule • Transparent bid process referencing the budget • Collaborative vendor selection process • Tax mitigation consideration • In-house project expediting • Close collaborative communication As a native-owned company, PMI Tribal Services understands that the decisions related to product cost and the resulting project savings achieved through sourcing and bidding activities directly impact the benefits available to tribal members through tribal casino development. Those savings can be multiplied if a well-developed FF&E and OS&E purchasing strategy is implemented from the start to the finish of a project. Carl Long is president of PMI Tribal Services and senior vice president of PMI. Long is a member of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma. Long is president of the International Society of Hospitality Purchasers, a member of the Founding and Allied Executive Member Committee for AAHOA, and a member of the American Indian Chamber of Commerce of California. He is an advocate for best practices in the purchasing profession and teaches seminars on project purchasing around the country.

23-25 APRIL 2019 Meadowlands Exposition Center, New Jersey / New York Betting on Sports America is the largest sports betting conference & exhibition in the US






PHIL MURPHY Governor New Jersey

CHRISTIAN STUART Executive VP of Gaming & Interactive Entertainment Caesars


SCOTT BUTERA President of Interactive Gaming MGM

JAY KORNEGAY EVP Race & Sports Book Operations SuperBook â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Westgate Las Vegas

KRESIMIR SPAJIC SVP Online Gaming Hard Rock International

EVAN DAVIS VP and General Counsel Sugarhouse Casino

JEFFREY GURAL Chairman American Racing and Entertainment


ART MANTERIS VP Race and Sports Book Operations Station Casinos LLC

MAY SCHEVE Executive Director & President Missouri Lottery & NASPL

SHEILA MORAGO Executive Director Oklahoma Indian Gaming Assn.

VINCENT MAGLIULO Vice President of Corporate Relations LVDC

VIC SALERNO President USBookmaking & USFantasy Sports

RAYMOND LESNIAK Former Senator Democratic Party


For more information, please visit BOSA_21.27cm_x_27.62cm_Tribal_Government_Gaming_March.indd 1

20/02/2019 18:42

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:21 AM Page 48


Tribal Government Gaming




Tribal Government Gaming

2019 Directory

The following is a list of tribal gaming facilities in the United States and Canada. For a full list of all the tribal casinos of any size in the U.S. and Canada, visit

Native Village of Barrow



Class II

Class II


Poarch Band of Creek Indians

Qagan Tayagungin Tribe of Sand Point

1082 Kiogak Street Barrow, AK 99723 Phone: 907-852-4411 Casino Size: 550 sq. ft. Ground Director: Jennifer Okakok



100 River Oaks Dr. Wetumpka, AL 36092-3084 Toll Free: 866-946-3360 Casino size: 85,000 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 2,520 Chief Operating Officer: Cody Williamson

100 Main Street, Suite 3A Sand Point, AK 99661-0447 Mailing: PO Box 447 Sand Point, AK 99661-0447 Phone: 907-383-5833 Pull Tab Machines: 10 GM: Carmen Holmberg

Poarch Band of Creek Indians

Klawock Cooperative Association



1801 Eddie L.Tullis Dr. Montgomery, AL 36117 Toll Free: 866-946-3360 Casino size: 65,000 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 2,200 GM: Jake Carlton

310 Bayview Boulevard Klawock, AK 99925 Phone: (907) 755-4807 Bingo: 60 Seats Manager: Nikki Colcord

Poarch Band of Creek Indians

WIND CREEK ATMORE 303 Poarch Rd. Atmore, AL 36502 Toll Free: 866-946-3360 Casino size: 57,000 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 2,500 VP of Business Development: Arthur Mothershed


Metlakatla Indian Community

METLAKATLA INDIAN COMMUNITY BINGO Eighth and Waterfront Metlakatla, AK 99926 Phone: 907-886-4255 Casino Size: 6000 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 90 Bingo: 120 Seats GM: Joni Hudson


Sitka Tribe of Alaska

SITKA TRIBAL BINGO 235 Katlian St. Sitka, AK 99835 Phone: 907-747-3207 Bingo: 100 seats GM: Sarah Smith

ARIZONA Class II & III San Carlos Apache Tribe

APACHE GOLD HOTEL CASINO RESORT Highway 70-Mile Post 258 San Carlos, AZ 85501 Mailing: PO Box 1210 San Carlos, AZ 85550-0357 Phone: 928-475-7800 Toll Free: 800-272-2438 Casino size: 60,000 sq. ft. Slots: 544 Table Games: 8 Bingo: 200 seats GM: Linda Michaels

Sun’aq Tribe of Kodiak


Colorado River Indian Tribes

312 West Marine Way Kodiak, AK 99615 Phone: 907-486-6735 Bingo: 300 seats GM: Doreen Anderson


Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska

TLINGIT AND HAIDA COMMUNITY BINGO 3235 Hospital Drive Juneau, AK 99801 Phone: 907-463-5690 Bingo: 300 seats Bingo Manager: Stacey Bjerkeset

11300 Resort Dr. Parker, AZ 85344-7549 Toll Free: 888-243-3360 Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Bluewater Resort (200 rooms) Slots: 528 Bingo: 400 seats GM: Robert Brooker

Yavapai—Prescott Indian Tribe

BUCKY’S CASINO 1500 East Highway 69 Building B Prescott, AZ 86301-5640 Phone: 928-776-5695 Toll Free: 800-756-8744 Casino size: 24,000 sq. ft. Prescott Resort (160 rooms) Slots: 328 Bingo: 150 seats GM: John O’Neill Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community

CASINO ARIZONA 524 N. 92nd St. Scottsdale, AZ 85256-5402 Phone: 480-850-7777 Toll Free: 877-724-4687 Casino size: 100,000 sq. ft. Slots: 898 Bingo: 1,000 Seats GM: Trenni Martinez

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:21 AM Page 49

Gila River Indian Community



5655 W. Valencia Rd. Tucson, AZ 85746 Toll Free: 800-344-9435 Casino size: 160,000 sq. ft. Slots: 997 Table Games: 35 Bingo: 600 seats CEO: Kimberly Van Amburg Pascua Yaqui Tribe

CASINO OF THE SUN 7406 S. Camino de Oeste Rd. Tucson, AZ 85746-9308 Phone: 520-883-1700 Toll Free: 800-344-9435 Casino size: 50,000 sq. ft. Slots: 277 CEO: Kimberly Van Amburg Yavapai-Apache Nation

CLIFF CASTLE CASINO HOTEL 555 Middle Verde Rd. Camp Verde, AZ 86322 Phone: 928-567-7900 Toll Free: 800-381-7568 The Lodge at Cliff Castle 82 rooms Hotel Lodging: 122 rooms Casino size: 114,000 sq. ft. Slots: 656 Table Games: 8 GM: Danny Gutierrez Cocopah Tribe

COCOPAH CASINO RESORT 15138 S. Avenue B Somerton, AZ 85350-7648 Phone: 928-726-8066 Toll Free: 800-237-5687 Casino size: 24,000 sq. ft. Slots: 512 Bingo: 350 seats Table Games: 8 GM: Sheila Howe-Knapp

7350 S Nogales Hwy. Tucson, AZ 85634 Mailing: PO Box 22230 Tucson, AZ 85734-2230 Phone: 520-294-7777 Toll Free: 866-332-9467 Casino size: 165,000 sq. ft. Lodging (148 rooms) Slots: 1,048 Table Games: 19 Bingo: 300 seats GM: Daniele Chilton Tohono O’odham Nation

DESERT DIAMOND CASINO & ENTERTAINMENT—WHY Highway 86 Mile Post 55 Ajo, AZ 85321 Mailing: PO Box 22230 Tucson, AZ 85734 Phone: 520-294-7777 Casino size: 5,000 sq.ft. Slots: 58 OM: Victorina Patel

Tonto Apache Tribe

Barona Band of Mission Indians

VEE QUIVA HOTEL AND CASINO 15091 South Komatke Lane Laveen, AZ 85339 Phone: 520-796-7777 Toll Free: 800-946-4452 vee-quiva-hotel-casino Casino size: 70,000 sq. ft. Slots: 907 Bingo: 366 seats GM: Carolyn Thompson

1932 Wildcat Canyon Rd. Lakeside, CA 92040-1546 Phone: 619-443-2300 Toll Free: 888-7-BARONA (7227662) Casino size: 310,000 sq. ft. Barona Valley Ranch Resort (397 rooms) Slots: 2,100 Table Games: 95 GM: Rick Salinas

Gila River Gaming Enterprises, Gila River Indian Community

Bear River Band of the Rohnerville Rancheria



FORT McDOWELL CASINO 10424 N. Fort McDowell Rd. Fort McDowell, AZ 85264 Mailing: PO Box 18359 Fountain Hills, AZ 85264-8359 Phone: 480-837-1424 Toll Free: 800-843-3678 Casino size: 150,000 sq. ft. Slots: 937 Table Games: 28 Bingo: 1,200 Seats GM: Mary Ketterling Ak-Chin Indian Community


Beeline Hwy. 87, Mile Post 251 Payson, AZ 85541 Mailing: PO Box 1820 Payson, AZ 85547-1820 Phone: 928-474-6044 Toll Free: 800-777-7529 Casino size: 38,000 sq. ft. Slots: 412 Table Games: 7 Bingo: 280 seats GM: Hubert Nanty Quechan Indian Tribe 450 Quechan Drive Yuma, AZ 85366 Phone: 760-572-7777 Toll Free: 888-777-4946 Casino size: 11,613 sq. ft. Slots: 480 Bingo: 300 seats GM: Charles Montague

5040 Wild Horse Pass Blvd. Chandler, AZ 85226 Phone: 520-796-7777 Toll Free: 800-WIN-GILA Casino size: 100,000 sq. ft. Hotel: 242 rooms Slots: 951 Table Games: 32 GM: Jeff Martin

White Mountain Apache

HON-DAH RESORT CASINO 777 Hwy. 260 Pinetop, AZ 85935 Phone: 928-369-0299 Toll Free: 800-929-8744 Casino size: 18,600 sq. ft. Slots: 824 GM: Brent Kurth

Tuolumne Band of Me-Wuk Indians Yavapai—Prescott Indian Tribe



19400 Tuolumne Rd. N Tuolumne, CA 95379-9724 Phone: 209-928-9300 Toll Free: 877-747-8777 Casino Size: 65,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,300 Table Games: 26 GM: Aaron Moss

1505 E. Hwy. 69 Prescott, AZ 86301-5641 Phone: 928-445-5767 Toll Free: 800-756-8744 Casino size: 6,000 sq. ft. Slots: 238 GM: John O’Neill

SPIRIT MOUNTAIN CASINO 8555 S. Hwy. 95 Mohave Valley, AZ 86440-9309 Phone: 928-346-2000 Toll Free: 888-837-4030 Casino size: 9,000 sq. ft. Slots: 250 GM: Jack Medrano


15406 N Maricopa Rd. Maricopa, AZ 85239 Phone: 480-802-5000 Casino size: 48,800 sq. ft. Slots: 1,089 Bingo: 470 seats GM: Robert Livingston

11 Bear Paws Way Loleta, CA 95551 Phone: 707-733-9664 Toll Free: 800-761-2327 Casino size: 13,056 sq. ft. Lodging: 104 rooms Slots: 367 Table Games: 13 GM: John McGinnis

Fort Mojave Indian Tribe

Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community




PARADISE CASINO ARIZONA Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation

Tohono O’odham Nation

1100 West Pima Mine Rd. Sahuarita, AZ 85629-9624 Phone: 520-294-7777 Toll Free: 866-332-9467 Casino size: 185,000 sq. ft. Slots: 563 GM: Daniele Chilton

1077 S. Kyrene Rd. Chandler, AZ 85226 Phone: 520-796-7777 Toll Free: 800-946-4452 one-butte-casino Casino size: 120,000 sq. ft. Slots: 828 Bingo: 750 seats GM: Jaime Martinez

Gila River Gaming Enterprises, Gila River Indian Community

9800 E. Indian Bend Rd. Scottsdale, AZ 85256 Phone: 480-850-7777 Toll Free: 877-724-4687 Casino size: 240,000 sq. ft. Slots: 765 CEO: Trenni Martinez Navajo Nation

TWIN ARROWS NAVAJO CASINO RESORT 22181 Resort Blvd. Flagstaff, AZ 86004 Toll Free: 855-946-8946 Casino size: 267,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,084 Bingo: 100 seats GM: Bryce Warren

Blue Lake Rancheria



Class II & III Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians

AGUA CALIENTE CASINO RESORT SPA 32-250 Bob Hope Drive Rancho Mirage, CA 92270-2704 Toll Free: 866-999-1995 Casino size: 130,000 sq. ft. Agua Caliente Resort (340 rooms) Slots: 1,450 Table Games: 60 SVP & GM: Kato Moy

777 Casino Way Blue Lake, CA 95525 Phone: 707-668-9770 Toll Free: 877-BLC2WIN (2522946) Casino size: 44,504 sq. ft. Blue Lake Hotel (102 rooms) Slots: 604 Table Games: 18 GM: Mandi Kindred Yocha Dehe Wintun Nation


Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians

AUGUSTINE CASINO 84-001 Ave. 54 Coachella, CA 92236-9780 Phone: 760-391-9500 Toll Free: 888-PLAY2WIN Casino size: 42,000 sq. ft. Slots: 770 Table Games: 10 GM: Jef Bauer

14455 Hwy. 16 Brooks, CA 95606-0065 Mailing: PO Box 65 Brooks, CA 95606-0065 Phone: 530-796-3118 Toll Free: 800-992-8686 Casino size: 94,505 sq. ft. Cache Creek Resort (200 rooms) Slots: 2,700 Table Games: 120 GM: Kari Stout-Smith

w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


2019 Directory

Tohono O’odham Nation


Tribal Government Gaming

Pascua Yaqui Tribe

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:21 AM Page 50

Cahuilla Band of Mission Indians

Cachil Dehe Band of Wintun Indians

Cabazon Band of Mission Indians



52702 Hwy. 371 Anza, CA 92539 Phone: 951-763-1200 Casino size: 14,000 sq. ft. Slots: 337 GM: John Straus

3770 Hwy. 45 Colusa, CA 95932-1267 Phone: 530-458-8844 Toll Free: 800-655-8946 Colusa Casino Hotel (55 rooms) Casino size: 66,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,085 Table Games: 12 Bingo: 700 seats GM: Victor Fernandez


Pauma-Yuima Band of Mission Indians

Tribal Government Gaming

CASINO PAUMA 777 Pauma Reservation Rd. Pauma Valley, CA 92061 Phone: 760-742-2177 Toll Free: 877-687-2862 Casino size: 42,500 sq. ft. Slots: 1,050 Table Games: 21 Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community of the Trinidad Rancheria

CHER-AE HEIGHTS CASINO 27 Scenic Drive Trinidad, CA 95570-9767 Mailing: PO Box 610 Trinidad, CA 95570-0630 Phone: 707-677-3611 Toll Free: 800-684-2464 Casino size: 50,000 sq. ft. Slots: 302 Table Games: 7 Bingo: 800 seats GM: Ron Badouin Chicken Ranch Band of Me-wuk Indians

CHICKEN RANCH BINGO & CASINO 16929 Chicken Ranch Rd. Jamestown, CA 95327-9779 Phone: 209-984-3000 Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Slots: 349 Bingo: 400 seats CFO: Alan Brown

455 Coyote Valley Boulevard Redwood Valley, CA 95470-9663 Phone: 707-485-0700 Toll Free: 800-332-9683 Casino size: 10,000 sq. ft. Slots: 253 Tables Games 14 GM: Gary Murrey Alturas Rancheria

DESERT ROSE CASINO 901 County Rd. 56 Alturas, CA 96101 Phone: 530-233-3141 Casino size: 6,200 sq. ft. Slots: 128 GM: Shawn Normington Susanville Indian Rancheria

DIAMOND MOUNTAIN CASINO & HOTEL 900 Skyline Drive Susanville, CA 96130 Phone: 530-252-1100 Toll Free: 877-319-8514 Casino size: 26,000 sq. ft. Slots: 200 Table Games: 3 Bingo: 60 seats GM: Campbell Jamieson Tule River Indian Tribe

EAGLE MOUNTAIN CASINO Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians


3400 E. Hwy. 246 Santa Ynez, CA 93460-9405 Mailing: PO Box 607 Santa Ynez, CA 93460 Phone: 805-686-0855 Toll Free: 800-248-6274 Casino size: 330,000 sq. ft. Hotel: 320 rooms Slots: 2,400 Table Games: 48 Bingo: 1,000 seats GM: Bill Peters


681 S Tule Rd. Porterville, CA 93257 Phone: 559-788-6220 Toll Free: 800-903-3353 Casino size: 70,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,200 Table Games: 11 GM: Matthew Mingrone Elk Valley Rancheria

ELK VALLEY CASINO 2500 Howland Hill Rd. Crescent City, CA 95531-9241 Phone: 707-464-1020 Toll Free: 888-574-2744 Casino size: 23,000 sq. ft. Slots: 298 Table Games: 9 Bingo: 250 seats GM: Michael White


Jackson Rancheria Band of Miwuk Indians



84245 Indio Springs Drive Indio, CA 92203-3499 Phone: 760-342-5000 Toll Free: 800-827-2946 Casino size: 100,000 sq. ft. Palm Spring Hotel (250 rooms) Slots: 2,000 Table Games: 40 Bingo: 750 seats GM: Paul Ryan

288 Golf Course Drive West Rohnert Park, CA 94928 Phone: 707-588-7100 Casino size: 320,000 sq. ft. Slots: 3,000 Table Games: 144 GM: Kord Nichols Caesars Entertainment Corporation, Rincon Band of Luiseño Mission Indians

12222 New York Ranch Rd. Jackson, CA 95642-9407 Phone: 209-223-1677 Toll Free: 800-822-9466 Casino size: 257,789 sq. ft. Jackson Rancheria Hotel (146 rooms) Slots: 1,740 Table Games: 48 GM: Michael Turngren

Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians


Big Valley Rancheria of Pomo Indians

Coyote Valley Band of Pomo Indians


Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria, Station Casinos, LLC

FEATHER FALLS CASINO 3 Alverda Dr. Oroville, CA 95966-9379 Phone: 530-533-3885 Toll Free: 877-652-4646 Casino size: 118,112 sq. ft. The Lodge (72 Rooms) Slots: 850 Table Games: 19 GM: Ed Gilbert Manchester-Point Arena Band of Pomo Indians

GARCIA RIVER CASINO 22215 Windy Hollow Road Point Arena, CA 95468 Phone: 707-467-5300 Casino size: 9,000 sq. ft. Slots: 120 GM: Stanley Spencer Tyme Maidu Tribe of the Berry Creek Rancheria

GOLD COUNTRY CASINO & HOTEL 4020 Olive Hwy. Oroville, CA 95966-5527 Phone: 530-534-9892 Toll Free: 800-334-9400 Casino size: 60,000 sq. ft. Hotel (87 rooms) Slots: 900 Table Games: 22 Bingo: 300 seats GM: John Lind


777 Harrah’s Rincon Way Valley Center, CA 92082 Phone: 760-751-3100 Toll Free: 877-777-2457 Casino size: 59,000 sq. ft. The Harrah’s Rincon Resort (662 rooms) Slots: 1,700 Table Games: 59 GM: Darrell Pilant Chemehuevi Indian Tribe

HAVASU LANDING RESORT & CASINO 5 Main St. Havasu Lake, CA 92363 Mailing: PO Box 1975 Havasu Lake, CA 92363-1707 Phone: 760-858-4593 Toll Free: 800-307-3610 Casino size: 6,900 sq. ft. Lodging: 179 rooms Slots: 248 Table Games: 4 GM: Jackie Gordon Round Valley Indian Tribes

2755 Mission Rancheria Rd. Lakeport, CA 95453 Phone: 707-262-1900 Toll Free: 800-FUN-1950 Casino size: 12,000 sq. ft. Hotel (80 rooms) Slots: 309 Table Games: 6 GM: Jorge Garcia Hoopa Valley Tribe

LUCKY BEAR CASINO 12510 Highway 96 Tsewenaldin Shopping Center Hoopa, CA 95546 Phone: (530) 625-5198 Casino Size: 5000 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 89 GM: Norvin Hostler Tolowa Dee-ni’ Nation

LUCKY 7 CASINO & HOTEL 350 N. Indian Rd. Smith River, CA 95567-9525 Phone: 707-487-7777 Toll Free: 866-777-7170 Casino size: 45,000 sq. ft. Slots: 330 Table Games: 3 Bingo: 130 seats Lodging: 71 rooms GM: John Scott

HIDDEN OAKS CASINO Campo Kumeyaay Nation

GOLDEN ACORN CASINO & TRAVEL CENTER 1800 Golden Acorn Way Campo, CA 91906 Phone: 866-794-6244 Toll Free: 866-7-WINBIG Casino size: 40,000 sq. ft. Slots: 750 Table Games: 8 Bingo: 150 seats GM: Eric Wright

76700 Covelo Road Covelo, CA 95428 Mailing: PO Box 95 Covelo, CA 95428 Phone: 707-983-6898 Slots: 104 GM: Randy Wolfin Jamul Indian Village

JAMUL CASINO 14145 Campo Road Jamul, CA 91935 Phone: 619-315-2250 Casino size: 203,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,630 Table Games: 37 President & GM: Mary Cheeks

Big Sandy Rancheria Band of Western Mono Indians

MONO WIND CASINO 37302 Rancheria Lane Auberry, CA 93602-1060 Phone: 559-855-4350 Casino size: 10,000 sq. ft. Slots: 349 GM: Kerry Smith

Project2:Layout 1 2/27/19 8:45 AM Page 1

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:21 AM Page 52

2019 Directory

Morongo Band of Mission Indians

MORONGO CASINO RESORT & SPA 49500 Seminole Dr. Cabazon, CA 92230-2200 Phone: 888-667-6646 Toll Free: 800-252-4499 Casino size: 150,000 sq. ft. Slots: 3,075 GM: John James

Tribal Government Gaming

Bishop Paiute Tribe

PAIUTE PALACE CASINO 2742 N. Sierra Hwy. Bishop, CA 93514 Phone: 760-873-4150 Toll Free: 888-372-4883 (PAIUTE) Casino size: 16,000 sq. ft. Slots: 344 Table Games: 3 Pala Band of Mission Indians

PALA CASINO SPA & RESORT 11154 Hwy. 76 Pala, CA 92059 Phone: 760-510-5100 Toll Free: 877-946-7252 Casino size: 50,000 sq. ft. Lodging: 507 rooms Slots: 2,000+ Table Games: 80+ CEO: Fred Buro

Pechanga Band of Luiseño Indians, Pechanga Development Corporation

Quechan Tribe


525 Algodones Rd. Winterhaven, CA 92283 Phone: 760-572-7777 Toll Free: 877-783-2426 Casino size: 297,000 sq. ft. Quechan Resort (166 rooms) Slots: 930 Table Games: 24 GM: Charles Montague

45000 Pechanga Parkway Temecula, CA 92592-5810 Phone: 951-693-1819 Toll Free: 877-711-2WIN Casino size 200,000 sq. ft. Pechanga Resort (522 rooms) Slots: 4,500 Table Games: 175 Bingo: 700 seats GM: Lee Torres


Torres-Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians

Cahto Tribe of the Laytonville Rancheria

Dry Creek Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians



200 Cahto Dr. Laytonville, CA 95454 Phone: 707-984-6800 Toll Free: 888-473-3369 (RED FOX) Casino size: 3,600 sq. ft. Slots: 75 Casino Manager: Michael Fitzgerald

3250 Hwy. 128 East Geyserville, CA 95441 Phone: 707-857-2777 Toll Free: 877-883-7777 Casino size: 35,500 sq. ft. Slots: 1,103 Bingo: 130 seats CEO: David Fendrick Robinson Rancheria of Pomo Indians

Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians


Pit River Tribe



1 Red Hawk Parkway Placerville, CA 95667 Phone: 530-677-2580 Toll Free: 888-573-3495 Casino size: 88,000 sq. ft. Slots: 2,500 Table Games: 66 GM: Bryan deLugo

1545 E. Highway 20 Nice, CA 95464-8619 Phone: 707-262-4000 Toll Free: 800-809-3636 Casino size: 93,000 sq. ft. Hotel (48 rooms) Slots: 349 Table Games: 13 Bingo: 530 seats GM: Sam Cocharo

RED EARTH CASINO 20265 Tamarack Ave. Burney, CA 96013-4064 Phone: 530-335-2334 Toll Free: 888-245-2992 Casino size: 9,000 sq. ft. Slots: 158 GM: Mike Avelar 3089 Norm Niver Rd. Thermal, CA 92274 Phone: 760-395-1200 Casino size: 10,000 sq. ft. Slots: 403 GM: Larry Drousé

Yurok Tribe of California

REDWOOD HOTEL CASINO 171 Klamath Blvd Klamath, CA 95548 Phone: 855-554-2946 GM: Tanya Sangrey


AGS Obsessed with the Game


GS is a global company focused on creating a diverse mix of entertaining gaming experiences for every kind of player, with roots firmly planted in the Class II Native American gaming market. Powered by high-performing Class II and Class III slot products, an expansive table products portfolio, real-money gaming platforms and content, highly rated social casino solutions for operators and players, and best-in-class service, AGS offers an unmatched value proposition for our casino partners. AGS offers a host of engaging game content for its Big Red, Icon and Orion cabinet families. Key showstoppers include new game content for the recently launched Orion Slant, highlighted by AGS’ Fa Cai Shu series, featuring four games offering 50line, three-level progressives with multipliers, wilds, free spins and a pick bonus. Another highlight is the new Kingdom series of six titles, also developed specifically for the Orion Slant. These high-volatility 243-ways and 25-line games feature a four-level jackpot with linked progressive Grand and Major jackpots, static Minor and Mini jackpots, a five-level pick bonus, and up to 30 free spins. 52


For AGS’ top-performing Orion Portrait cabinet, the company introduces Rakin’ Bacon! Xtreme Jackpots. This five-reel multi-level progressive is packed with player-favorite features, including free spins, multipliers and scatter pays. Promising to be another player and operator favorite, Bonanza Blast Xtreme Jackpots on the Orion Portrait delivers a four-level progressive, expanding reels triggered by a mystery “dynamite” symbol, and the Xtreme Jackpots pick bonus, which is randomly awarded when a wild symbol lands on the reels. AGS continues to propel its table solutions business with a host of new proprietary table games, side bets, table progressives, and table solutions—including the DEX S poker shuffler. The company’s table progressive product suite—Bonus Spin and STAX—recently reached a milestone of over 1,000 installations across the U.S., driving excitement through must-hit-by and community features that create excitement in the casino pit. AGS’ interactive arm, AGSi, offers the groundbreaking ConnexSys Social White-Label Casino, the industry’s only B2B mobile solution that offers live events, contests, and other in-game activities to add new levels of excitement to online casino-branded social games. AGS’ new real-money gaming solution delivers the industry’s best game content, including proven AGS land-based titles, to global online operators through AGS’ robust AxSys Games Marketplace game aggregation platform.

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:21 AM Page 53


2655 Barham Ave. Corning, CA 96021-9000 Phone: 530-528-3500 Toll Free: 888-331-6400 Casino size: 70,000 sq. ft. Slots: 840 Table Games: 12 CEO: Steve Neely

13255 San Pablo Ave. San Pablo, CA 94806-3907 Phone: 510-215-7888 Casino size: 31,419 sq. ft. Bingo Machines: 1,513 Table Games: 7 GM: Michael Gorzcynski

Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake, Luna Entertainment

RUNNING CREEK CASINO 635 East Highway 20 Upper Lake, CA 95485 Phone: 707-262-5500 Casino size: 33,000 sq. ft. Slots: 295 Table Games: 6 GM: Chris Williams

Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians

Sycuan Band of Kumeyaay Nation


5469 Casino Way El Cajon, CA 92019-1810 Phone: 619-445-6002 Toll Free: 800 2SY-CUAN (2826) Casino size: 218,000 sq. ft. Sycuan Resort (100 rooms) Slots: 2,000 Table Games: 55 Bingo: 1,246 seats GM: John Dinius

Sherwood Valley Band of Pomo Indians

SHERWOOD VALLEY RANCHERIA CASINO 100 Kawi Place Willits, CA 95490-4674 Phone: 707-459-7978 Casino size: 5,000 sq. ft. Slots: 215 GM: Michael Broderick Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians

401 E. Amado Rd. Palm Springs, CA 92262-6414 Phone: 760-883-1000 Toll Free: 888-999-1995 Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Spa Hotel (228 rooms) Slots: 750 Table Games: 23 SVP & GM: Roy Corby

SOBOBA CASINO San Manuel Band of Mission Indians

SAN MANUEL CASINO 777 San Manuel Blvd. Highland, CA 92346-1763 Phone: 909-864-5050 Toll Free: 800-359-2464 Casino size: 480,000 sq. ft. Slots: 4,800 Table Games: 146 GM: Loren Gill

23333 Soboba Rd. San Jacinto, CA 92581 Phone: 951-665-1000 Toll Free: 866-4-SOBOBA (762622) Casino size: 74,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,999 Table Games: 20 GM: Michael Starr

Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians

SPOTLIGHT 29 CASINO 46200 Harrison Place Coachella, CA 92236 Phone: 760-775-5566 Toll Free: 866-377-6829 Casino size: 250,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,598 Table Games: 41 GM: Michael Frawley


Table Mountain Rancheria

Santa Rosa Rancheria Tachi Yokut Tribe


2019 Directory

Lytton Rancheria of California


17225 Jersey Ave. Lemoore, CA 93245-9760 Phone: 559-924-7751 Toll Free: 866-4-PALACE Casino size: 195,000 sq. ft. Lodging: 255 rooms Slots: 2,000 Table Games: 31 Bingo: 1,200 seats GM: Willie Barrios

Tribal Government Gaming

Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians

TABLE MOUNTAIN CASINO 8184 Table Mountain Rd. Friant, CA 93626 Mailing: PO Box 445 Friant, CA 93626-0445 Phone: 559-822-7777 Toll Free: 800-541-3637 Casino size: 70,000 sq. ft. Slots: 2,000 Table Games: 50 Bingo: 600 seats President & GM: Rob Goslini

United Auburn Indian Community

THUNDER VALLEY CASINO 1200 Athens Ave. Lincoln, CA 95648 Phone: 916-408-7777 Toll Free: 877-468-8777 Casino size: 144,500 sq. ft. Slots: 3,191 Table Games: 134 Bingo: 800 seats GM: Dawn Clayton


Cuningham Group Architecture Leaders in Contemporary Native American Design


uningham Group Architecture Inc. is a highly rated architecture and interior design practice with more than 320 employees in eight offices. Founded in 1968, the firm has focused significantly over the past 28 years on gaming and entertainment. Its world-class portfolio covers the spectrum from small, delicate spaces to complex, expansive projects that advance the art of entertainment design—including casinos, hotels, convention centers, restaurants, retail venues and support facilities completed for resort destinations throughout the U.S. and around the world. The firm is known for its client-centered, collaborative approach, “Every Building Tells a Story,” which emphasizes one-of-akind solutions reflecting the vision of clients and the character of each property and site. This approach is especially prevalent in the contemporary designs the firm creates for Native American clients. Successful tribal gaming projects evolve from a combination of culturally relevant design and a keen awareness of the central issues involved in the development of resort projects. Backed by this understanding, Cuningham Group is pleased to align its own native-led design expertise with Full Circle Indigenous Planning LLC, the only Native Americanowned, research-based planning and visioning design firm of its kind in the country. Cuningham Group and Full Circle have created a long-term working relationship built on the shared goal of advancing the economic and

cultural health of tribal communities through design and master planning. They have collaborated on numerous tribal gaming and master plan projects that have helped communities create beautiful and functional facilities that are rich in culture as well as profitable and welcoming to guests. The planning skills of Full Circle dovetail with Cuningham Group’s full-service design offerings, and, as a team, their combined expertise brings a wealth of cultural knowledge, experience and innovation to projects. Together, the firms represent a comprehensive solution for Native American clients seeking to design and develop profitable facilities that balance their cultural, social and economic priorities. For more information, visit

w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


Tribal Government Gaming

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:21 AM Page 54

Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians



Class II & III Southern Ute Indian Tribe

73829 Base Line Road Twentynine Palms, CA 92277 Phone: 760-367-9759 Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Slots: 404 Table Games: 7 GM: Michael Frawley Middletown Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians

TWIN PINE CASINO AND HOTEL 22223 Hwy. 29 Middletown, CA 95461-9754 Phone: 707-987-0197 Toll Free: 800-564-4872 Casino size: 49,410 sq. ft. Slots: 500 Table Games: 12 San Pasqual Band of Mission Indians

VALLEY VIEW CASINO 16300 Nyemii Pass Rd. Valley Center, CA 92082-2379 Phone: 760-291-5500 Toll Free: 866-843-9946 Casino size: 70,000 sq. ft. Slots: 2,000 Table Games: 16 GM: Bruce Howard

SKY UTE CASINO RESORT 14324 Hwy. 172 N. Ignacio, CO 81137-0340 Phone: 970-563-7777 Toll Free: 888-842-4180 Casino size: 35,000 sq. ft. Sky Ute Lodge (140 rooms) Slots: 600 Table Games: 15 Bingo: 190 seats GM: Charley Flagg

UTE MOUNTAIN CASINO HOTEL & RESORT 3 Weeminuche Dr. Towaoc, CO 81334-9999 Phone: 970-565-8800 Toll Free: 800-258-8007 Casino size: 45,000 sq. ft. Slots: 779 Table Games: 15 Bingo: 400 seats GM: Michael Schrader

CONNECTICUT Class II & III Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation

Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians

VIEJAS CASINO & RESORT 5000 Willows Rd. Alpine, CA 91901-1656 Phone: 619-445-5400 Toll Free: 800-847-6537 Casino size: 343,500 sq. ft. Slots: 1,900 Table Games: 40 GM: Todd Simons

WINNEDUMAH WINN’S CASINO 135 Hwy. 395 North Fort Independence, CA 93526 Phone: 760-878-2483 Casino size: 1,200 sq. ft. Slots: 100 GM: Jose Duran Redding Rancheria

WIN-RIVER RESORT & CASINO 2100 Redding Rancheria Rd. Redding, CA 96001-5530 Phone: 530-243-3377 Toll Free: 800-280-8946 Casino size: 80,000 sq. ft. Slots: 700 Bingo: 300 seats GM: Gary Hayward


Class II & III Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida MICCOSUKEE RESORT & GAMING CENTER 500 SW 177th. Ave. Miami, FL 33194-2800 Phone: 305-222-4600 Toll Free: 800-741-4600 Casino size: 67,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,700 Table Games: 30 Bingo: 800 seats GM: Karen Whiting

Ute Mountain Ute Tribe


Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians


Seminole Tribe of Florida

SEMINOLE CASINO BRIGHTON 17735 Reservation Rd. NE Okeechobee, FL 34974-8908 Phone: 863-467-9998 Toll Free: 800-360-9875 Casino size: 27,000 sq. ft. Slots: 400 Table Games: 6 Bingo: 480 seats GM: Marty Johns Seminole Tribe of Florida

SEMINOLE CASINO COCONUT CREEK 5550 NW 40th.St. Coconut Creek, FL 33073-3815 Phone: 954-977-6700 Toll Free: 866-222-2466 Casino size: 100,000 sq. ft. Slots: 4,000 Table Games: 70 President: Larry Buck Seminole Tribe of Florida

SEMINOLE CLASSIC CASINO 350 Trolley Line Boulevard Mashantucket, CT 06338 Phone: 860-369-9663 Toll Free: 800-FOXWOODS Casino size: 340,400 sq. ft. Slots: 4,400 Table Games: 350 Bingo: 3,600 seats Interim CEO: Rodney Butler Mohegan Tribe

MOHEGAN SUN 1 Mohegan Sun Blvd. Uncasville, CT 06382-1355 Phone: 860-862-8000 Toll Free: 888-226-7711 Casino size: 350,000 sq. ft. Slots: 5,072 Table Games: 280 President & GM: Ray Pineault


4150 North State Road 7 Hollywood, FL 33021 Phone: 954-961-3220 Toll Free: 866-222-7466 Casino size: 50,000 sq.ft. Gaming Machines: 1,000 Table Games: 32 Bingo: 298 Seats GM: Edward Aguilar Seminole Tribe of Florida

SEMINOLE CASINO HOTEL IMMOKALEE 506 S. First St. Immokalee, FL 34142 Phone: 239-658-1313 Toll Free: 800-218-0007 www.seminoleimmokaleecasino. com Casino size: 75,600 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 1,300 Table Games: 34 GM: Tony Alves

Seminole Tribe of Florida

Coeur d’Alene Tribe


COEUR D’ALENE CASINO RESORT HOTEL 37914 South Nukwalqw Worley, ID 83876-0236 Toll Free: 800-523-2464 Casino size: 100,000 sq. ft. Coeur d’Alene Casino Resort Hotel (202 rooms) Slots: 1,500 Bingo: 800 seats CEO: Francis SiJohn Shoshone-Bannock Tribes

FORT HALL CASINO 1 Seminole Way Fort Lauderdale, FL 33314 Phone: 866-502-7529 Casino size: 140,000 sq. ft. Slots: 2,100 Table Games: 95 GM of Gaming Ops: Larry Frank Seminole Tribe of Florida


Interstate 15, Exit 80 Simplot Road Fort Hall, ID 83203 Mailing: PO Box 868 Fort Hall, ID 83203-0868 Phone: 208-237-8778 Toll Free: 800-497-4231 Casino size: 20,000 sq. ft. Slots: 850 Bingo: 300 seats CEO: Pamela Gallegos

5223 Orient Rd. Tampa, FL 33610-4139 Phone: 813-627-7625 Toll Free: 866-762-5463 Casino size: 177,450 sq. ft. Slots: 3,913 Table Games: 110 President & GM: Steve Bonner

Nez Perce Tribe


Kootenai Tribe of Idaho

Class II & III Shoshone-Bannock Tribe

BANNOCK PEAK CASINO 1707 W. County Rd. Fort Hall, ID 83204 Phone: 208-235-1308 Casino size: 2,700 sq. ft. Slots: 66 CEO: Pamela Gallegos

IT’SE YE-YE CASINO 419 Third Street Kamiah, ID 83536-0253 Phone: 208-935-7955 Toll Free: 877-678-7423 Casino size: 5,868 sq. ft. Slots: 103 GM: Steve Griffiths

KOOTENAI RIVER INN & CASINO 7169 Plaza St. Bonners Ferry, ID 83805-8598 Phone: 208-267-8511 Toll Free: 800-346-5668 Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Kootenai River Inn (65 rooms) Slots: 454 Bingo: 150 seats GM: Tom Turpin

Nez Perce Tribe


Shoshone Bannock Tribe

17500 Nez Perce Road Mailing: PO Box 365 Lewiston, ID 83501-7947 Phone: 208-746-0723 Casino size: 81,000 sq. ft. Event Space: 12,000 sq. ft. Lodging (50 rooms) Slots: 600 Bingo: 300 seats GM: Dan Kane

SAGE HILL CASINO West Highway 91 Fort Hall, ID 83203 Phone: 208-237-4998 Slots: 103 CEO: Pamela Gallegos

INDIANA Class I & II Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians FOUR WINDS SOUTH BEND Prairie Avenue and US 20 South Bend, IN 46614 866-494-6371 Casino Size: 55,000 sq. ft Slots: 1,800 GM: Scott Rice

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 8:37 PM Page 55

Sac & Fox Tribe of Mississippi in Iowa


Iowa Tribe of Kansas & Nebraska

Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation




1500 330th St. Sloan, IA 51055-8056 Phone: 712-428-9466 Toll Free: 800-468-9466 Casino size: 45,000 sq. ft. Lodging: 78 rooms Slots: 850 Table Games: 10 Bingo: 400 seats GM: Mayan Beltran

777 Jackpot Drive White Cloud, KS 66094-4002 Phone: 785-595-3430 Toll Free: 877-652-6115 Casino size: 21,000 sq. ft. Slots: 378 Table Games: 3 Bingo: 500 seats GM: Mike Frederic Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas



1121 Goldfinch Drive

Class II & III Wyandotte Gaming Enterprises, Wyandotte Tribe of Oklahoma

7th STREET CASINO 1504 305th St. Tama, IA 52339-9697 Phone: 641-484-2108 Toll Free: 800-728-4263 Casino size: 127,669 sq. ft. Meskwaki Hotel (408 rooms) Slots: 1,400 Table Games: 21 Bingo: 750 seats GM: Dirk Whitebreast

777 North 7th Street Trafficway Kansas City, KS 66101-3036 Phone: 913-371-3500 Casino size: 20,000 sq. ft. Slots: 583 GM: Kevin Lein

Horton, KS 66439-9537 Phone: 785-486-6601 Toll Free: 888-464-5825 Casino size: 45,000 sq. ft. Slots: 600 Table Games: 9 Bingo: 300 seats GM: Chris Williams

LOUISIANA Class II & III Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana


12305 150th Rd. Mayetta, KS 66509-8815 Phone: 785-966-7777 Toll Free: 888-727-4946 Casino size: 35,000 sq. ft. Harrah’s Prairie Band Hotel (298 rooms) Slots: 1,194 Table Games: 25 Bingo: 400 seats GM: William Marsh Sac & Fox Nation of Mississippi


777 Coushatta Dr. Kinder, LA 70648 Toll Free: 800-58-GRAND Casino size: 107,600 sq. ft. Slots: 2,800 Bingo: 350 seats GM: Scott Sirois Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana

CYPRESS BAYOU CASINO 832 Martin Luther King Rd. Charenton, LA 70523-0519 Mailing: PO Box 519 Charenton, LA 70523-0519 Phone: 337-923-7284 Toll Free: 800-284-4386 Casino size: 232,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,000 Table Games: 36 CEO & GM: Michael Howard

1322 US Hwy. 75 Powhattan, KS 66527-9624 Phone: 785-467-8000 Toll Free: 800-990-2946 Casino size: 106,000 sq. ft. Slots: 600 Table Games: 13 GM: Bruce McClure


Everi Powering the Casino Floor


proven market leader in the tribal gaming space, Everi remains deeply committed to understanding its casino partners’ needs in this rapidly evolving industry and continues to make significant investments to address these needs. These investments are aimed at developing innovative gaming technology solutions, including new cabinets and creative new games, as well as further enhancements to Everi’s leading financial technology solutions. These investments also reflect Everi’s ongoing commitment to Class II and Class III Native American gaming partners to help them increase performance and efficiency at their properties. This year at NIGA, Everi Games will feature new hardware platforms and gaming content that will engage players at higher levels and enable operators to generate higher returns on their investments in its products. Discovery Channel’s Shark Week on Everi’s new, fully featured banked product, Empire Arena, will be highlighted, along with Cash Machine, the only stepper

game of its kind, on Everi’s Player Classic 26 cabinet, designed with a 26-inch top box on the platform, and on the eight-foot-plus tall Texan HDX cabinet. A number of new, original game series will be featured on the Empire MPX for-sale cabinet; all are banked themes, including the MoneyBall Series, Fu Stacks Series and Lazer Lock. Everi FinTech’s sole focus is to provide intuitive, flexible financial technology solutions that enable operators to maximize funds to their floor while providing a premium experience for guests. The company will highlight several self-service kiosks and cash handling solutions at NIGA, including the CXC 5.0 and CXC 5.0L kiosks that offer enhanced security features, such as self-frosting glass and a real-time rear-view camera. Operators also will be impressed by the CashComplete RCS-700 recycler, capable of rapidly processing thousands of notes and coins to automate operators’ tills. Everi’s award-winning Jackpot Xpress software platform and JackpotXchange Lite kiosk also will be showcased, demonstrating the significant efficiencies these products bring to gaming floors. For more information, visit

w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com

2019 Directory

Class II & III Omaha Tribe of Nebraska BLACKBIRD BEND CASINO 17214 210th St. Onawa, IA 51040 Phone: 712-423-9646 Casino size: 6,800 sq. ft. Slots: 335 COO: Brad Appleton

Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska

Tribal Government Gaming



p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:21 AM Page 56

Tribal Government Gaming

2019 Directory

Jena Band of Choctaw Indians

JENA CHOCTAW PINES CASINO 149 Chahta Trail Dry Prong, LA 71423 Phone: 318-648-7773 Toll Free: 855-638-LUCK Casino size: 46,000 sq. ft. Slots: 750 Poker Room: 5 tables GM: James Kikumoto Mohegan Tribe, Tunica-Biloxi Tribe of Louisiana


Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians

Class II & III Bay Mills Indian Community


BAY MILLS RESORT & CASINOS 11386 W. Lakeshore Dr. Brimley, MI 49715-9308 Phone: 906-248-3715 Casino size: 17,000 sq. ft. Bay Mills Resort (218 rooms) Slots: 677 Table Games: 15 GM: Richard LeBlanc

PARAGON CASINO RESORT 711 Paragon Place Marksville, LA 71351-6004 Phone: 318-253-1946 Toll Free: 800-946-1946 Casino size: 72,120 sq. ft. Paragon Casino Resort (615 rooms) Slots: 1,230 Table Games: 48 GM: Jody Madigan

FIREKEEPERS CASINO HOTEL 11177 East Michigan Ave. Battle Creek, MI 49014 Toll Free: 877-FKC-8777 Casino size: 107,000 sq. ft. Slots: 2,700 Table Games: 70 Bingo: 250 seats CEO: Kathy George


587000 M-51 South Dowagiac, MI 49047 Phone: 866-494-6371 Casino size: 12,000 sq. ft. Slots: 404 Table Games: 4 GM: Kenneth Antisdel Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians

FOUR WINDS HARTFORD Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Indians

Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians

68600 Red Arrow Highway Hartford, MI 49057 Toll Free: 866-494-6371 Casino size: 52,000 sq. ft. Slots: 508 Table Games: 9 GM: Lori White

11111 Wilson Rd. New Buffalo, MI 49117 Toll Free: 866-494-6371 Casino size: 130,000 sq. ft. Four Winds Resort (165 rooms) Slots: 2,600 Table Games: 66 COO: Frank Freedman Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians

GUN LAKE CASINO 1123 129th Avenue Wayland, MI 49348 Phone: 269-792-7777 Casino size: 156,000 sq. ft. Slots: 2,200 Table Games: 47 President & COO: Salvatore Semola

Hannahville Indian Community ISLAND RESORT & CASINO W399 Hwy. 2 & 41 Harris, MI 49845-0351 Mailing: PO Box 351 Harris, MI 49845-0351 Phone: 906-466-2941 Toll Free: 800-682-6040 Casino size: 423,520 sq. ft. Lodging (326 rooms) Slots: 1,141 Table Games: 22 Bingo: 264 seats GM: Tony Mancilla Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians

KEWADIN—CHRISTMAS N 7761 Candy Cane Lane Christmas, MI 49862-8946 Phone: 906-387-5475 Toll Free: 800-539-2346 Casino size: 8,416 sq. ft. Slots: 244 Table Games: 5 GM: Linda Martin


GAMING ARTS World Leader in Bingo and Keno


aming Arts LLC, the world leader in bingo and keno games and technologies, is now expanding its focus to reinventing the casino floor with a multitude of unique and innovative video reel slot games. The company’s mission is to revolutionize the gaming experience for players while enhancing profitability for operators around the globe. Its continual focus on the player experience, player acquisition, player retention and increased profitability never wavers. In the electronic gaming machine space, Gaming Arts launched the first-of-its-kind SuperBingo and Ultimate Bingo game suites, offering a player experience unlike anything the world has seen before—games so unique they have been granted numerous patents in the U.S. with foreign patents pending. In addition, Gaming Arts is introducing its inaugural collection of video reel slots consisting of four truly innovative series, including Pop’N Pays, Da Fa Ba, Dice Seeker and Casino Wizard. Gaming Arts is a leader in the design and production of all aspects of keno and bingo games and products, including the industry-leading Optima Keno System that is installed in more than 90 casinos and gaming locations throughout the U.S. and Asia, and, which gives players online access to view casino keno games played across the country. On the game side, the company has developed more new keno games than any other, including its Keno Millions library. For bingo operations, Gaming 56


Arts has developed an extensive suite of bingo SuperGames, including the patented Super Multi-Win suite games and Bingo Millions games, all of which bring the thrill and excitement of life-changing jackpots to bingo halls. These games, coupled with technological advances such as Gaming Arts’ proprietary Super Win Bingo computerized game system, are changing the future of bingo for players and operators alike. Gaming Arts considers itself “compulsively creative,” and few companies can match the breadth and scope of its research and development efforts in the gaming space. Its R&D efforts extend from traditional keno and bingo gaming to electronic gaming machines, casino comp and promo systems, social games, skill-based games and more. Gaming Arts is licensed in approximately 80 jurisdictions, including North America, Latin America, the Pacific Rim and South Africa, and operates in or holds manufacturer, distributor or vendor licenses with the states of Arizona, California, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Virginia, Washington and Wisconsin. For more information, visit

Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians

Bay Mills Indian Community



12140 W. Lakeshore Dr. Brimley, MI 49715-9319 Phone: 906-248-3715 Toll Free: 888-422-9645 Casino size: 7,400 sq. ft. Slots: 242 GM: Richard Leblanc

33995 Three Mile Rd. Hessel, MI 49745 Mailing: PO Box 189 Hessel, MI 49745-0789 Phone: 906-484-2903 Toll Free: 800-539-2346 Casino size: 3,800 sq. ft. Slots: 200 CEO: Ron Olson Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians

KEWADIN—MANISTIQUE Route 2 East Manistique, MI 49854-9738 Phone: 906-341-5510 Toll Free: 800-539-2346 Casino size: 9,900 sq. ft. Slots: 260 Table Games: 6 GM: Lisa Fisher


Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians 2186 Shunk Rd. Sault Ste. Marie, MI 49783-9398 Phone: 906-632-0530 Toll Free: 800-539-2346 Casino size: 39,000 sq. ft. Slots: 780 Bingo: 200 seats GM: Dave Kucharczyk Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians

NORTHERN WATERS CASINO RESORT 5384 Highway 45 N Watersmeet, MI 49969-0129 Phone: 906-358-4226 Toll Free: 800-583-4785 Casino size: 25,000 sq. ft. Slots: 596 Table Games: 16 GM: John Neumann

KEWADIN—ST. IGNACE 3015 Mackinac Trail St. Ignace, MI 49781-9758 Phone: 906-643-7071 Toll Free: 800-539-2346 Casino size: 40,000 sq. ft. Slots: 700 Table Games: 15 GM: Steve Sprecker

Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa/Chippewa Indians

Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians



2521 NW Bayshore Dr. Peshawbestown, MI 49682-9366 Phone: 231-534-8100 Toll Free: 800-922-2WIN Casino size: 25,980 sq. ft. Slots: 425 Table Games: 8 Bingo: 200 seats GM: Frank Shino Little River Band of Ottawa Indians

LITTLE RIVER CASINO RESORT 2700 Orchard Hwy. Manistee, MI 49660-9752 Phone: 231-723-1535 Toll Free: 888-568-2244 Casino size: 44,000 sq. ft. Little River Casino Resort (292 rooms) Slots: 1,350 Table Games: 22 GM: Andrew Gentile

1080 South Nicolet Street Mackinaw City, MI 49701-9215 Phone: 231-439-6100 Casino size: 5,000 sq. ft. Slots: 120 GM: Eric McLester Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians

ODAWA CASINO RESORT 1760 Lears Road Petoskey, MI 49770 Phone: 231-439-6100 Casino size: 33,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,100 GM: Eric McLester Keweenaw Bay Indian Community

OJIBWA CASINO—BARAGA 16449 Michigan Ave. Baraga, MI 49908-9664 Phone: 906-353-6333 Toll Free: 800-323-8045 Casino size: 17,000 sq. ft. Slots: 340 Table Games: 8 GM: Don Wren


GARY PLATT MANUFACTURING Unsurpassed Comfort, Quality, Value


ary Platt Manufacturing has been serving the world’s casino industry for more than 20 years, providing products that are unsurpassed in comfort, design, quality and value. Today the company’s products are found in casinos of all sizes on five continents and across the enterprise, including slots, table games, poker, bar-top, bingo, sports books, restaurants and now in the guest room and convention areas. The company continually is on the forefront of developing new seating technologies, models and fabrications. Gary Platt’s noted design team has more than 50 years of experience creating chair models and products that deliver maximum comfort to its customers’ casino guests. At Gary Platt, more than 20 years of seat ergonomics research has shown that when players are comfortable, they stay and play longer. This makes a casino’s chair choice a matter of bottom-line importance. Gary Platt’s design team takes ergonomics seriously, and continuously is researching and developing to deliver unequaled comfort to its customers and their patrons. Led by Head Designer and Master of Ergonomics Ed Abadie, Gary Platt’s R&D team approaches every product with the understanding that ergonomics is an evolving science driven by experience, testing and evolving technologies. The company has been focused on continually perfecting the comfort of its chairs inside and out—from designing the front edge to relieve leg pressure to ensuring the foam and upholstery work together to create a comfortable sit. Advances in today’s materials, including the

foam, frame and upholstery, have played a role in the evolution of Gary Platt’s designs. Gary Platt recently received U.S. Patent No. D829458 for its Monaco chair design. The Monaco premiered at G2E 2017, and casinos have been installing this remarkable chair ever since. In one short year, the Monaco has become the top-selling casino chair in the world. Gary Platt’s new line of sports book seating, including an all-new high-luxury club chair, is among the company’s newest offerings. Gary Platt’s new Kopa stack chair is the answer to notoriously uncomfortable conference room seating. Designed specifically for the conference and banquet area, the Kopa stack chair incorporates all of the ergonomics of casino seating into a stack chair, including a seat filled with the company’s proprietary foam. For more information, visit w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


Tribal Government Gaming

Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:21 AM Page 57

Tribal Government Gaming

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 58

Keweenaw Bay Indian Community

Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe



200 Zhooniyaa MiiKana Trail Marquette, MI 49855-2000 Phone: (906) 249-4200 Toll Free: (888) 560-9905 Casino Size: 13,500 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 300 General Manager: Don Wren

2690 Worth Rd. Standish, MI 48658 Toll Free: 888-732-4537 Casino size: 39,000 sq. ft. Slots: 890 GM: Bob VanWert


Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Traverse Bay Entertainment

6800 Soaring Eagle Blvd. Mt. Pleasant, MI 48858-8432 Phone: 989-775-7777 Toll Free: 888-732-4537 Casino size: 210,000 sq. ft. Soaring Eagle Resort 516 rooms Slots: 3,000 + Table Games: 55 Bingo: 500 seats CEO: Raymond Brenny

7741 Michigan Hwy. 72 East Williamsburg, MI 49690-9395 Phone: 231-534-8888 Toll Free: 888-777-8946 Casino size: 74,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,112 Table Games: 40 GM: Rob Sineway

Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe


Gaming Laboratories International


Class II & III Fond Du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa


Fond Du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa


tive two-part Sports Betting White Paper that takes an in-depth look at the current state of sports wagering in the post-PASPA era. It can be downloaded free of charge on the website. GLI is best positioned to serve its tribal clients because of its more than 1,200 highly trained professionals. These hand-picked experts who test and certify equipment include mathematicians, hardware and software engineers, high-tech engineers and quality assurance specialists. GLI also offers a wide range of professional services, including consultation, auditing, security audits, responsible gaming, project management and governance, risk and compliance. Further, the world-renowned GLI University produces critical, in-depth seminars and events designed to empower attendees with industry fundamentals that will keep them on the leading edge of information and knowledge. Finally, GLI helps tribes protect their assets, streamline operations and reduce expenses with tools partnering with Kobetron, including IRIS Enterprise casino management systems and IRIS Online for real-time software status alerts and letter and signature access. For more information, visit


777 Grand Ave. Onamia, MN 56359-4500 Phone: 320-532-7777 Toll Free: 800-626-LUCK Casino size: 68,000 sq. ft. Grand Casino Mille Lacs Hotel (967 rooms) Slots: 1,612 Table Games: 24 Bingo: 288 seats GM: Tracy Sam Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa

1785 Hwy. 210 Carlton, MN 55718-8161 Phone: 218-878-2327 Toll Free: 888-771-0777 Casino size: 88,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,800 Table Games: 20 Bingo: 550 seats GM: Dan LaPairie





Reduce Risk, Ensure Compliance oday more than ever, tribal gaming operators and regulators face risk from technological advancements that could threaten a competitive position in the marketplace to multiple levels of cybersecurity. Tribal operators and regulators must be more vigilant than ever before, which is why more tribal operators and regulators rely on Gaming Laboratories International than any other lab. GLI, a longtime advocate of tribal gaming, is proud of its 30 years of tribal partnerships. GLI is a National Indian Gaming Association Associate Member, as well as an associate member of numerous tribal organizations from coast to coast. Those three decades of working closely with tribes, paired with the company’s global insights from its 23 worldwide locations, puts GLI in a unique position to provide trusted tribal services and expertise. GLI offers several gaming services for tribal operators and regulators, including gaming-floor audits and inspections, accounting system audits and inspections, bingo system audits and inspections and kiosk testing and inspections. Tribal regulators, operators and suppliers also rely on GLI’s unsurpassed global sports wagering experience, consultancy and thought leadership. The company’s groundbreaking GLI-33 Event Wagering Technical Standard can assist tribal regulators with developing their own sports wagering regulatory framework or it can be adopted right “out-ofthe-box,” as various tribal jurisdictions such as the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians and the Cherokee Tribal Gaming Commission have done. GLI also recently published an informa-


Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe

129 E. Superior St. Duluth, MN 55802-2127 Phone: 218-722-0280 Toll Free: 800-873-0280 Casino size: 20,000 sq. ft. Slots: 690 Table Games: 4 GM: Maurice Ojibway Bois Forte Band of Chippewa

FORTUNE BAY RESORT CASINO 1430 Bois Forte Rd. Tower, MN 55790-8111 Phone: 218-753-6400 Toll Free: 800-992-PLAY Casino size: 50,000 sq. ft. Lodging (173 rooms) Slots: 810 Table Games: 12 CEO: Richard Anderson Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe

GRAND CASINO HINCKLEY 777 Lady Luck Dr. Hwy 48 Hinckley, MN 55037 Phone: 320-384-7777 Toll Free: 800-472-6321 Casino size: 68,000 sq. ft. Slots: 2,175 Table Games: 38 Bingo: 330 seats GM: Steven Drewes

70 Casino Dr. Grand Portage, MN 55605-0233 Phone: 218-475-2401 Toll Free: 800-543-1384 Casino size: 15,268 sq. ft. Grand Portage Lodge (100 rooms) Slots: 440 GM: Brian Sherburne Lower Sioux Indian Community

JACKPOT JUNCTION CASINO HOTEL 39375 County Hwy. 24 Morton, MN 56270 Phone: 507-697-8000 Toll Free: 800-946-2274 Casino size: 440,000 sq. ft. Lower Sioux Lodge (276 rooms) Slots: 1,200 Table Games: 31 Bingo: 225 seats Director of Gaming: Kelly Pace Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community, SMSC Gaming Enterprise

LITTLE SIX CASINO 2450 Sioux Trail Northwest Prior Lake, MN 55372-9004 Phone: 952-445-6000 Toll Free: 800-LITTLE6 Casino size: 25,000 sq. ft. Slots: 770 Table Games: 8 President & CEO: Angela Heikes Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community, SMSC Gaming Enterprise

MYSTIC LAKE CASINO HOTEL 2400 Mystic Lake Blvd. Prior Lake, MN 55372-9004 Toll Free: 800-262-7799 Casino size: 150,000 sq. ft. Slots: 4,000 Table Games: 100 Bingo: 520 seats President & CEO: Angela Heikes

Upper Sioux Community

Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians

Prairie Island Indian Community





6800 Y Frontage Rd. NW Walker, MN 56484 Phone: 218-547-2744 Toll Free: 800-252-PLAY Casino size: 40,000 sq. ft. Slots: 850 Table Games: 16 GM: Robert Bedreau

5616 Prairies Edge Lane Granite Falls, MN 56241-0096 Phone: 320-564-2121 Toll Free: 866-293-2121 Casino size: 52,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1000 Table Games: 8 GM: Barry Joannides

Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe


Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians

16599 69th Avenue NW Cass Lake, MN 56633-3058 Phone: 218-335-7000 Toll Free: 877-9PALACE Casino size: 10,000 sq. ft. Palace Casino Hotel (80 rooms) Slots: 550 Table Games: 6 Bingo: 300 seats GM: Audrey Emineth


White Earth Band of Chippewa Indians

PINEHURST RESORT 27345 County Road 4 Naytahwaush, MN 56566 Phone: 218-935-5745 Casino size: 1,440 sq. ft. Slots: 13 Bingo: 340 seats Owner: Greg LaVoy

10200 Hwy 89 Red Lake, MN 56671 Phone: 218-679-2500 Toll Free: 888-679-2501 Casino size: 65,840 sq. ft. Slots: 305 Table Games: 4 GM: Roxanne Brun Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians

SEVEN CLANS CASINO THIEF RIVER FALLS 20595 Center St. E Thief River Falls, MN 56701 Phone: 218-681-4062 Toll Free: 800-881-0712 Casino size: 19,222 sq. ft. Slots: 655 Table Games: 9 GM: Nicole Gebeck

34966 605th Avenue Warroad, MN 56763-2404 Toll Free: 800-815-8293 Casino size: 19,000 sq. ft. Slots: 580 Table Games: 5 GM: Tammy Cloud White Earth Band of Chippewa Indians

SHOOTING STAR CASINO HOTEL 777 SE Casino Rd. Mahnomen, MN 56557 Phone: 218-935-2711 Toll Free: 800-453-7827 Casino size: 72,000 sq. ft. Shooting Star Hotel (437 rooms) Slots: 996 Table Games: 23 Bingo: 365 seats GM: William Marsh

5734 Sturgeon Lake Rd. Welch, MN 55089 Phone: 651-388-6300 Toll Free: 800-222-7077 Casino size: 150,000 sq. ft. Treasure Island Resort & Casino (480 rooms) Slots: 2,200 Table Games: 51 Bingo: 550 seats GM: Sean Sullivan Leech Lake Band of Ojiwbe

WHITE OAK CASINO 45830 US Hwy. 2 Deer River, MN 56636 Phone: 218-246-9600 Toll Free: 800-653-2412 Casino size: 15,480 sq. ft. Slots: 350 Table Games: 2 GM: Derek Jackson


Choctaw Resort Development Enterprise, Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians

GOLDEN MOON HOTEL & CASINO 13541 Highway 16 West Philadelphia, MS 39350 Phone: 601-650-1234 Toll Free: 866-447-3275 Casino size: 70,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,145 Table Games: 25 Poker Tables: 14 President & CEO: William Johnson Choctaw Resort Development Enterprise, Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians

SILVER STAR HOTEL & CASINO 13541 Hwy. 16 West Choctaw, MS 39350 Phone: 601-650-1234 Toll Free: 866-44-PEARL Casino size: 90,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,298 Table Games: 44 President & CEO: William Johnson

Class II & III Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians

BOK HOMA CASINO 1 Choctaw Road Heidelberg, Mississippi 39439 Toll Free: 866-447-3275 Casino size: 27,000 sq. ft. Slots: 773 Table Games: 10 President & CEO: William Johnson


Gaming Partners International Superior Table Game Products and RFID Equipment


aming Partners International manufactures and supplies an all-inclusive range of table game products and RFID equipment to licensed casinos worldwide. Under the brand names of Paulson, Bourgogne et Grasset, Bud Jones and Gemaco, GPI provides high-quality casino currency such as chips, plaques and jetons. Each line offers its own set of innovative design and security features, giving clientele the ability to create a unique piece of currency with multiple layers of security. This, alongside a complete lineup of gaming furniture, layouts, playing cards, dice, accessories and table displays, makes GPI the one-stop solution for all table game needs. GPI is a leading provider of RFID equipment, and as the exclusive provider of SMART RFID products, GPI develops new and custom solutions to provide customers some of the highest-level currency security options available. In addition, GPI offers a wide range of table layouts, including EZ Install GFX. Because no special tools or staples are needed when switching out these layouts, customers can make quick changes while reducing the amount of table downtime and labor hours that typically are required for traditional install methods.

While the popular casino-quality Gemaco-branded playing cards continue to provide both paper and plastic options for all types of table games, GPI is proud to introduce Paulson Aces, a new line of premium paper playing cards under the Paulson brand. Manufactured using a heavier, high-grade European paper stock, Paulson Aces offers superior handling. These new products, along with GPI’s full range of table game products, will be on display at the National Indian Gaming Association’s 2019 NIGA trade show in Booth 2341. For more information, contact the local GPI sales representative or visit

w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


Tribal Government Gaming

Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 59

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 60

Tribal Government Gaming

2019 Directory

MONTANA Class II & III Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy’s Reservation

NORTHERN WINZ CASINO - ROCKY BOY Rocky Boy Road Box Elder, MT 59521 Phone: 406-395-4863 Casino size: 2,500 sq. ft. Slots: 43 GM: Raymond Jazzparker Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes

KWATAQNUK RESORT & CASINO 49708 US Hwy. 93 East Polson, MT 59860 Phone: 406-883-3636 Best Western Hotel (112 rooms) Casino size: 1,650 sq. ft. Slots: 224 GM: Debbie Louie-Mcgee Northern Cheyenne Tribe

CHARGING HORSE CASINO & BINGO 1/2 Mile East Lame Deer Highway 212 Lame Deer, MT 59043-1259 Phone: 406-477-8188 Casino size: 19,000 sq. ft. Slots: 127 Bingo: 500 seats GM: Curtis Elkshoulder

Fort Belknap Indian Community

FORT BELKNAP CASINO 104 Assiniboine Avenue Harlem, MT 59526 Phone: 406-353-2235 Slots: 165 GM: Robert Williams Blackfeet Tribe, Siyeh Development Corporation

GLACIER PEAKS CASINO Highway 2 and Highway 89 Browning, MT 59417-1450 Phone: 406-338-2274 Toll Free: 877-238-9946 Casino Size: 33,000 sq. ft Slots: 300 Table Games: 3 Bingo: 150 seats CEO & GM: Dennis Fitzpatrick S&K Gaming, LLC

Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy’s Reservation

Omaha Tribe of Nebraska


200 Main St. Walthill, NE 68067 Phone: 402-846-5545 Casino size: 280 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 64 GM: Norman Grant

11031 US Hwy. 87 Box Elder, MT 59521 Phone: 406-395-5420 Toll Free: 866-910-9469 Casino size: 20,000 sq. ft. Slots: 198 Bingo: 100 seats GM: Raymond Parker Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation

SILVER WOLF CASINO 300 Highway 25 East Wolf Point, MT 59201 Phone: 406-653-3476 Casino size: 12,000 sq. ft. Slots: 108 Bingo: 200 seats GM: Gary Clark

GRAY WOLF PEAK CASINO 20750 Hwy. 93 North Missoula, MT 59808 Phone: 406-726-3778 Casino Size: 10,000 sq. ft. Slots: 307 CEO: Bryon Miller

NEBRASKA Class II Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska

IRON HORSE BAR & CASINO 1106 S. Main St. Emerson, NE 68733-3654 Phone: 402-695-0180 Casino size: 2,000 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 89 CEO: Brian Chamberlain


NEVADA Class II & III Fort Mojave Indian Tribe


Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska

NATIVE STAR CASINO 1500 Industrial Pkwy. Winnebago, NE 68071 Phone: 402-878-2901 Casino size: 600 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 85 GM: Sandra Oliveres Santee Sioux Nation of Nebraska

OHIYA CASINO & RESORT 53142 Hwy. 12 Niobrara, NE 68760 Phone: 402-857-3860 Casino size: 35,000 sq. ft. Slots: 408 GM: Thelma Thomas

10000 Aha Macav Pkwy. Laughlin, NV 89029 Mailing: PO Box 77011 Laughlin, NV 89028-7011 Phone: 702-535-5555 Toll Free: 800-430-0721 Casino size: 65,000 sq. ft. Avi Resort (455 rooms) Slots: 892 Table Games: 18 Bingo: 200 seats Lodging: 455 rooms GM: Brian Cook Moapa Band of Paiute Indians

MOAPA TRIBAL CASINO I-15, Exit 75 Moapa, NV 89025-0340 Phone: 702-865-2758 Casino size: 2,500 sq. ft. Slots: 80 GM: Shanna Hardy


HBG Design Designing Experience


elebrating 40 years of designing experience, HBG Design’s 120 professionals deliver integrated architecture and interior design to the national hospitality and entertainment industry from offices in Memphis, Tennessee and San Diego, California. Ranked as the No. 3 hospitality design firm in the nation by Hotel Business magazine, HBG Design is one of the premier resort and hotel designers in the U.S. and one of the largest providers of professional services in the Indian gaming industry. The firm is a past National Indian Gaming Association Associate Member of the Year. Inspired by a passion for designing memorable, transformative experiences for its clients and their guests, HBG Design’s award-winning projects span the nation, with diverse clients representing Hyatt Hotels, Hilton Hotels, Caesars Entertainment, Elvis Presley Enterprises/Graceland and more than 40 Native American nations and numerous commercial gaming companies. Within a focused specialty in gaming and entertainment design, hotel design and operations and resort destinations, the firm has designed more than 21,000 resort and hotel rooms and more than 22 million square feet of hotel, gaming/entertainment, food and beverage, conference/meeting space, events space and retail space in the last two decades alone. At NIGA 2019, HBG Design is excited to participate in a session panel highlighting the successful, concurrent repositioning of Ho-Chunk Gaming properties in Wisconsin Dells, Black River Falls and Wittenberg, Wisconsin— focusing on a challenge many tribal owners and operators face in how to repo60


sition their properties to achieve an overall consistency. HBG Design recently celebrated the opening of the luxury 12,000square-foot Cache Creek Casino Resort Spa in Brooks, California. The rejuvenating design palette, featuring floral motif mosaic tile artworks by San Francisco Bay-area artist Jen Garrido, complements the scenic location in the heart of the Capay Valley, nestled among acres of farmland, ranches and the bustling Cache Creek River. The firm eagerly anticipates the summer 2019 opening of the largescale resort expansion design of Cache Creek Casino Resort and looks forward to the completion of the Desert Diamond West Valley Casino Resort outside Phoenix, Arizona and two branded hotel projects for Hilton and Hyatt respectively in the coming year. For more information, stop by NIGA Booth 1918 or visit



p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 62

Moapa Band of Paiute Indians

2019 Directory

MOAPA TRIBAL STORE 1 Lincoln Street Moapa, Nevada 89025 Phone: 702-865-2758 Slots: 6 GM: Shanna Hardy Poarch Band of Creek Indians, Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California

Tribal Government Gaming

WA SHE SHU CASINO 1003 US Highway 395 North Gardnerville, NV 89410-8900 Phone: (775) 499-1260 Casino Size: 4,600 sq. ft. Slots: 130 General Manager: Amy Wasilewski

NEW MEXICO Class II & III Jicarilla Apache Nation

APACHE NUGGET CASINO US Highway 550 & US Highway 537 Cuba, NM 87528 Phone: 575-289-2484 Casino size: 5,000 sq. ft. Slots: 110 Tables 4 GM: Baltazar Madrid Jicarilla Apache Nation

WILDHORSE CASINO & HOTEL 13603 US Hwy. 64 Dulce, NM 87529 Phone: 505-759-3663 Casino size: 8,872 sq. ft. Slots: 160 GM: Baltazar Madrid

Pueblo of Pojoaque

Mescalero Apache Tribe

Pueblo of Pojoaque




30 Buffalo Thunder Trail Santa Fe, NM 87506 Phone: 877-848-6337 Casino size: 61,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,012 Table Games: 10 GM: Robert Swenson

225845 US Highway 70 Mescalero, NM 88340 Phone: 575-464-7059 Toll Free: 800-545-9011 www.casinoapachetravelcenter. com Casino size: 34,700 sq. ft. Slots: 444 Table Games: 10 Interim COO: Elena Artiaga

Pueblo of Tesuque

TESUQUE CASINO 7 Tesuque Road Sante Fe, NM 87506 Phone: 505-984-8414 Toll Free: 800-462-2635 Casino size: 70,000 sq. ft. Slots: 800 Table Games: 10 GM: Timothy Brown

10-B Cities of Gold Rd. Sante Fe, NM 87506-0938 Phone: 505-455-3313 Toll Free: 800-455-3313 Casino size: 40,000 sq. ft. Slots: 503 Bingo: 300 seats CEO & GM: Mike Allgeier Pueblo of Laguna

DANCING EAGLE CASINO Laguna Development Corporation, Pueblo of Laguna

CASINO EXPRESS 14500 Central Ave. Interstate 40 Exit 140 Albuquerque, NM 87120 Phone 505-352-7835 Gaming Machines: 125 GM: Don Billbrough

I-40, Exit 108 Casa Blanca, NM 87007 Mailing: PO Box 550 Casa Blanca, NM 87007-0520 Phone: 505-552-7777 Toll Free: 877-440-9969 Casino size: 25,000 sq. ft. Slots: 498 GM: Don Billbrough Navajo Nation



Interblock The Ultimate In Luxury Interactive Entertainment


nterblock is a worldwide leading developer and supplier of luxury electronic table gaming products. Its multi-player gaming devices set industry standards and provide the ultimate in luxury interactive entertainment experiences. The Interblock brand is globally recognized for Diamond quality gaming solutions and technical support in more than 220 jurisdictions. Interblock’s exclusive collection of fully and semi-automated electronic gaming tables and video gaming solutions provides casinos, arcades and gambling halls with superior product performance and their guests with an unforgettable gaming experience. Interblock will showcase a variety of its latest innovations at NIGA at Booth 2149. The highlight will be the breakthrough form-factor, Universal Cabinet, a standalone unit with slot-like hardware designed to support a variety of games. Available in both video and automated formats, the product will demonstrate craps, roulette, blackjack and baccarat games. Universal Cabinet is revolutionary to the gaming industry and will change the way a typical casino floor is configured. Operators more than ever are focused on ways to reduce operating expenses and increase profitability. The electronic table game segment achieves this objective and much more. Through the utilization of technology, Interblock has created a new form of table game offering that reduces labor costs and increases the handle/hold of the traditional table game area. The distribution of this technology can be accomplished through stand-alone or 62


249 Route 118 East Church Rock, NM 87311 Mailing: PO Box 1800 Church Rock, NM 87311 Phone: 505-905-7100 Toll Free: 866-941-2444 Casino size 64,000 sq. ft. Slots: 898 Table Games: 8 Bingo: 400 seats GM: Gloria West Navajo Nation

FLOWING WATER NAVAJO CASINO 2710 US Highway 64 Waterflow, NM 87421 Phone: 505-368-2300 Casino size: 11,000 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 130 GM: Patrick Browne Mescalero Apache Tribe

stadium configurations. Interblock’s Diamond Stadium provides unlimited flexibility to operators to accommodate any footprint while also connecting to external generators on the casino floor. It delivers more hands per hour, with a variety of table game content available from one seat. It also has the ability to switch to an automated or video gaming space when live dealers are not present. During NIGA, Interblock’s Diamond Stadium will be configured with live dealers, which can transition to automated generators at the touch of a button. In addition to blackjack, roulette and other traditional games, the stadium will be connected to Interblock’s Big Six Super Spin, the newest addition to its product offerings. The new Diamond Big Six Super Spin has all the classic features of the traditional Big Six; however, it has been incorporated with a bonus wheel. The double-sided wheel provides the flexibility to add play stations to one or both sides of the wheel. For more information, visit

INN OF THE MOUNTAIN GODS RESORT & CASINO 287 Carrizo Canyon Rd. Route 4, Mescalero, NM 883409759 Phone: 505-464-7777 Toll Free: 877-277-5677 Inn of the Mountain Gods (273 rooms) Casino size: 38,000 sq. ft. Slots: 723 Table Games: 20 COO: Frizzell Frizzell Jr. Pueblo of Isleta

ISLETA PALACE WEST 2 State Road 45 Southwest Albuquerque, NM 87105 Phone: 505-869-4102 Slots: 261 Interim GM: Antoinette Wade

Pueblo of Sandia

Pueblo of Santa Clara

Taos Pueblo

Cayuga Indian Nation





11000 Broadway Southeast Albuquerque, NM 87105 Phone: 505-724-3800 Casino size: 100,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,732 Table Games: 25 Bingo: 2,500 seats Hotel GM: David Moran

30 Rainbow Rd. NE Albuquerque, NM 87113-2156 Phone: 505-796-7500 Toll Free: 800-526-9366 Casino size: 140,000 sq. ft. Slots: 2,300 Table Games: 48 Bingo: 450 seats


700 Veterans Hwy. Taos, NM 87571-0777 Phone: 575-737-0777 Toll Free: 888-WIN-TAOS Casino size: 10,000 sq. ft. Slots: 200 Table Games: 4 GM: Jennifer Welty

271 Cayuga Street Union Springs, NY 13160 Phone: 315-889-5416 Slots: 86 GM: Shellie O’Connor

Pueblo of Pojoaque

Pueblo of Santa Ana




777 Seneca Allegany Blvd Salamanca, NY 14779-1331 Toll Free: 877-553-9500 Casino size: 68,300 sq. ft. Slots: 1,600 Table Games: 36 GM: Gus Tsivikis

67 Ogo Wii Road Santa Fe, NM 87506 Phone: 505-455-9098 Casino size: 400 sq. ft. Slots: 11 GM: Pat Doherty Navajo Nation


54 Jemez Canyon Dam Rd. Santa Ana Pueblo, NM 87004 Phone: 505-867-0000 Casino size: 524,423 sq. ft. Lodging: 204 rooms Slots: 1,600 Table Games: 20 CEO & GM: John Cirrincione

2752 Navajo Route 36 Upper Fruitland, NM 87401 Phone: 505-960-7000 www.northernedgenavajocasino. com Casino size: 86,000 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 750 Table Games: 16 Interim GM: Michele Landavazo

460 N. Riverside Dr. Espanola, NM 87532-0427 Phone: 505-367-4500 Toll Free: 866-BIG-ROCK Casino size: 36,000 sq. ft. Santa Claran Hotel (124 rooms) Slots: 680 Table Games: 7 Executive Director of Marketing: Brian Zanazanian Pueblo of Acoma

SKY CITY CASINO I-140 Exit 102 Acoma, NM 87034-0310 Mailing: PO Box 310 Acoma, NM 87034-0310 Phone: 505-552-6017 Toll Free: 888-759-2489 Casino size: 64,000 sq. ft. Sky City Hotel (133 rooms) Slots: 655 Table Games: 10 Bingo: 500 seats GM: David Baumgartner

Class II & III Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe

AKWESASNE MOHAWK CASINO RESORT 873 State Route 37 Hogansburg, NY 13655-0670 Phone: 518-358-2222 Toll Free: 888-622-1155 Casino Size: 52,500 sq. ft. Slots: 1,600 Table Games: 31 Bingo: 450 seats GM: Todd Papineau

Seneca Gaming Corporation, Seneca Nation of Indians


Seneca Gaming Corporation, Seneca Nation of Indians

SENECA BUFFALO CREEK CASINO 1 Fulton St. Buffalo, NY 14204 Phone: 716-853-7576 Casino size: 67,000 sq. ft. Slots: 800 Table Games: 18 Interim GM: Penny Parayo


Ohkay Owingeh

OHKAYCASINORESORTHOTEL Riverside Drive Ohkay Owingeh, NM 87566-1270 Phone: 505-747-1668 Toll Free: 877-747-1668 Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Slots: 575 Table Games: 5 GM: Peter Trujillo Pueblo of Laguna

ROUTE 66 CASINO HOTEL 14500 Central Ave. SW I-140 Exit 140 Albuquerque, NM 87121 Phone: 505-352-7866 Toll Free: 866-352-7866 Casino Size: 50,000 sq. ft. Lodging: 154 rooms Slots: 1,300 Table Games: 26 Bingo: 500 seats GM: Tim Perkins Pueblo of San Felipe

BLACK MESA CASINO 25 Hagen Rd. San Felipe Pueblo, NM 87001 Phone: 505-867-6700 Toll Free: 877-529-2946 Casino size: 22,000 sq. ft. Slots: 680 Table Games: 7 GM: Steven Penhall

JCM GLOBAL A Spirit of Innovation


CM Global was founded on a spirit of innovation, and that mindset still drives the company every day, as it continues to develop new and better solutions to help its customers overcome their challenges. JCM is the world’s leading transaction technologies supplier for the gaming industry. What gaming operators and suppliers may not know is that JCM also is a leading transaction supplier for the banking, kiosk, retail and vending industries. JCM has been a supporter of and supplier to tribal gaming since the beginning, and JCM is a trusted partner of tribal operators from coast to coast. The company’s extensive line of award-winning products set global standards with groundbreaking peripheral transaction components and digital display technologies that help operators of all sizes make even deeper connections with their customers. One example is JCM’s award-winning iVIZION bill validator, which has a premium mix of optical and mechanical technologies that protect operators. Its Contact Image Sensing technology leads the industry, and reads more than 9.5 million data points on every note—more than twice that of the nearest competitive product.

The gaming industry’s better, faster, smarter printer is JCM’s GEN5. It has an incredibly fast CPU and print speed, combined with the flexibility to print TITO and promotional tickets, as well as various wager tickets and templated promo coupons. When combined with iVIZION and GEN5, JCM’s patented technology FUZION contains many features that enable casinos to operate more securely and efficiently. One example is Security Monitoring, where money laundering and suspicious activities are detected in real time, and alerts can be sent through email, text or logged-in FUZION. JCM’s Intelligent Cash Box with web reporting provides premier drop management capabilities that have been field-proven to save operators hundreds of thousands of dollars annually. ICB provides real-time health monitoring data and predictive drop and maintenance scheduling to dramatically increase operational efficiency. JCM offers a wide range of digital displays that help tribal operators communicate messages directly to customers in the casino and throughout the entire property. The direct-view LED panels are high-resolution, extremely energy efficient and highly configurable. JCM has been working with tribes from coast to coast on projects from standard framed size displays to larger-than-life video walls. Dynamic real-time controls allow instant programming decisions. For more information, visit

w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


Tribal Government Gaming

Pueblo of Isleta

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 63

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 64

Tribal Government Gaming

2019 Directory

Seneca Gaming Corporation, Seneca Nation of Indians

SENECA GAMING AND ENTERTAINMENT—IRVING 11099 Erie St. Route 5 Irving, NY 14081-9566 Phone: 716-549-4389 Toll Free: 800-421-2464 Casino size: 40,000 sq. ft. Slots: 600 Bingo: 650 seats GM: Steve Schindler Seneca Nation of Indians

SENECA GAMING AND ENTERTAINMENT— SALAMANCA 768 Broad St. Salamanca, NY 14779-1331 Mailing: PO Box 231 Salamanca, NY 14779-0231 Phone: 716-945-4080 Toll Free: 877-860-5130 Casino size: 15,000 sq. ft. Slots: 344 Poker: 10 tables Bingo: 455 seats Interim GM: Jamie Pierce Seneca Nation of Indians

SENECA GAMING AND ENTERTAINMENT-OIL SPRING 5374 West Shore Road Cuba, NY 14727 Phone: 716-780-8787 Casino size: 4,950 sq.ft. Slots: 111 Interim GM: Jamie Pierce Seneca Gaming Corporation, Seneca Nation of Indians, Seneca Niagara Falls Gaming Corporation

SENECA NIAGARA CASINO & HOTEL 310 Fourth St. Niagara Falls, NY 14303 Phone: 716-278-6300 Toll Free: 877-873-6322 Casino size: 147,500 sq. ft. Slots: 4,500 Table Games: 121 GM: Patrick Basney Oneida Indian Nation

TURNING STONE RESORT CASINO 5218 Patrick Rd. Verona, NY 13478-3012 Phone: 315-361-7711 Toll Free: 800-771-7711 Casino size: 125,000 sq. ft. Turning Stone Resort (702 rooms) Slots: 1,800 Table Games: 80 Bingo: 1,400 seats CEO: Ray Halbritter


Oneida Indian Nation of New York

YELLOW BRICK ROAD CASINO 800 Genesee Street Chittenango, NY 13037 Phone: (315) 366-9400 Casino Size: 67000 sq. ft. Slots: 447 GM: Dan Jones

NORTH CAROLINA Class II & III Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians

CHEROKEE TRIBAL BINGO 91 Bingo Loop Road Highway 19 North Cherokee, NC 28719 Phone: 828-497-4320 Bingo: 1,100 seats GM: Elizabeth Edwards Caesars Entertainment Corporation, Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians

HARRAH’S CHEROKEE CASINO & HOTEL 777 Casino Dr. Cherokee, NC 28719-8735 Phone: 828-497-7777 Toll Free: 800-427-7247 Slots: 3,280 Table Games: 40 Poker Tables 10 SVP & GM: Brooks Robinson

Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians

GRAND TREASURE CASINO 4418 147th Avenue NW Trenton, ND 58553 Phone: 701-572-2690 Casino size: 5,000 sq. ft. Slots: 400 GM: Ray Trottier

DAKOTA MAGIC CASINO & RESORT 16849 102nd. St. SE Hankinson, ND 58041-9780 Phone: 701-634-3000 Toll Free: 800-325-6825 Casino size: 95,175 sq. ft. Dakota Magic Hotel (127 rooms) Slots: 720 Table Games: 12 GM: Michael Schraeder


Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma

APACHE CASINO HOTEL 2323 East Gore Boulevard Lawton, OK 73501 Phone: 580-248-5905 Casino size: 23,500 sq. ft. Event Space 16,000 sq. ft. Slots: 895 Table Games: 10 GM: Lynn Ray

1000 Buffalo Run Blvd. Miami, OK 74354 Phone: 918-542-7140 Casino size: 70,000 sq. ft. Buffalo Run Hotel (100 rooms) Slots: 805 Table Games: 15 GM: Steve Bashore

7932 Hwy. 24 Fort Yates, ND 58538-9736 Phone: 701-854-7777 Toll Free: 800-425-8277 Casino size: 46,500 sq. ft. Lodging (200 rooms) Slots: 727 Table Games: 7 GM: Everett Iron Eyes Jr. Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa


SPIRIT LAKE CASINO & RESORT 7889 Hwy. 57 South St. Michael, ND 58370-9000 Phone: 701-766-4747 Toll Free: 800-946-8238 Casino size: 49,000 sq. ft. Spirit Lake Resort (124 rooms) Slots: 641 Table Games: 7 Bingo: 500 seats GM: Paul Matheny


Dakota Nation Gaming Enterprise, Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate

1800 South Park Drive Broken Bow, OK 74728 Phone: 580-584-2516 Slots: 40 GM: Amy Ward


Spirit Lake Tribe

202 Frontage Rd. New Town, ND 58763-9402 Phone: 701-627-4018 Toll Free: 800-294-5454 Casino size: 120,000 sq. ft. 4 Bears Lodge (100 rooms) Slots: 640 Table Games: 12 CEO: Scott Wilson

14565 County Road 3544 Ada, OK 74820 Phone: 580-310-0900 Casino size: 716 sq. ft. Slots: 130 GM: John Thomas

Standing Rock Sioux Tribe


Class II & III Three Affiliated Tribes



Caesars Entertainment Corporation, Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians


Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma


Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma

3965 Sky Dancer Way North East Belcourt, ND 58316 Phone: 701-244-2400 Toll Free: 866-244-9467 Casino size: 37,000 sq. ft. Sky Dancer Hotel (96 rooms) Slots: 682 Table Games: 12 Bingo: 500 seats Interim GM: Randy Burnel

777 Casino Parkway Murphy, NC 28906-5212 Phone: (828) 497-7777 Casino Size: 50,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1018 GM: Lumpy Lambert

Chickasaw Nation

OKLAHOMA Class II & III Otoe Missouria Tribe of Oklahoma

7 CLANS FIRST COUNCIL CASINO HOTEL 12875 North Highway 77 Newkirk, OK 74647 Phone: 580-448-3015 Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1231 GM: Jim Grant

Delaware Nation Chickasaw Nation



220 East Cummins Road Hinton, OK 73047 Phone: 405-542-4200 Slots: 668 GM: Joe Gragg

1001 West First Street Sulphur, OK 73086 Phone: 855-455-5255 Casino size: 15,318 sq. ft. Slots: 275 Table Games: 4 GM: Justin Williams Chickasaw Nation

BLACK GOLD CASINO 288 Mulberry Lane Wilson, OK 73463 Mailing: PO Box 354 Wilson, OK 73463-0354 Phone: 580-668-4415 Casino size: 3,744 sq. ft. Slots: 287 GM: Charlotte Flanagan Sac & Fox Nation of Oklahoma

THE BLACK HAWK CASINO 42008 Westech Road Shawnee, OK 74804 Phone: 405-275-4700 Casino size: 35,000 sq. ft. Slots: 600 Table Games: 6 GM: Deanna Larney Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma

BORDERTOWN CASINO & ARENA 129 W. Oneida St. Wyandotte, OK 74370 Phone: 918-666-8702 Toll Free: 800-957-2435 Casino size: 73,000 sq. ft. Slots: 200 Bingo: 480 seats GM: Melanie Heskett

Chickasaw Nation


Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma

1500 N. Country Club Rd. Ada, OK 74820-1862 Phone: 580-436-3740 Casino size: 7,361 sq. ft. Slots: 340 Table Games: 4 AGM: Kim Stephens

OUTPOST CASINO 69701 E. 100 Road Wyandotte, OK 74370 Phone: 918-666 6770 Casino size: 3,000 sq. ft. Slots: 275 GM: Melanie Heskett

Muscogee Creek Nation

CREEK NATION CASINO CHECOTAH 830 N. Broadway Checotah, OK 74426-1103 Phone: 918-473-5200 Casino size: 9,000 sq. ft. Slots: 318 GM: JaChrista Lawless Cherokee Nation

CHEROKEE CASINO—FORT GIBSON 107 N. Georgetown Rd. Fort Gibson, OK 74434 Phone: 918-207-3555 Casino size: 27,500 sq. ft. Slots: 480 GM: Rodney Fourkiller Cherokee Nation

CHEROKEE CASINO—GROVE 24979 Hwy. 59 Grove, OK 74344 Phone: 918-786-1300 Casino Size: 39,000 sq. ft. Slots: 390 GM: Willie Whitekiller Cherokee Nation

CHEROKEE CASINO—RAMONA 31501 US Hwy 75 Ramona, OK 74061 Phone: 918-535-3811 Casino Size: 32,000 sq. ft. Slots: 455 GM: Rusty Stamps

CHEROKEE CASINO & HOTEL—ROLAND 109 Cherokee Blvd. Roland, OK 74954-1000 Phone: 918-427-7491 Toll Free: 800-256-2338 Casino Size: 70,000 sq. ft. Event Space: 6,000 sq. ft. Lodging (120 rooms) Slots: 900 Table Games: 9 GM: Chad McReynolds

Cherokee Nation, Cherokee National Entertainment

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma



1425 SE Washington Idabel, OK 74745-3447 Phone: 580-286-5710 Toll Free: 800-634-2582 Casino size: 35,000 sq. ft. Slots: 400 GM: Amy Ward



20900 S. 4200 Rd. Claremore, OK 74017-4295 Phone: 918-283-8800 Casino size: 55,000 sq. ft. Event Space 30,000 sq. ft. Slots: 250 GM: Rusty Stamps Chickasaw Nation

Cherokee Nation

CHEROKEE CASINO— SALLISAW 1621 W. Ruth St. Sallisaw, OK 74955 Phone: 918-776-1600 Toll Free: 800-256-2338 Casino size: 27,500 sq. ft. Slots: 240 Operations Manager: Tara Vest Cherokee Nation

CHEROKEE CASINO—SOUTH COFFEYVILLE 1506 N. Hwy. 169 South Coffeyville, OK 74072 Phone: 918-255-4221 Casino size: 17,000 sq. ft. Slots: 300 GM: Rusty Stamps Cherokee Nation

CHEROKEE CASINO—TAHLEQUAH 16489 Hwy. 62 Tahlequah, OK 74464 Mailing: PO Box 179 Tahlequah, OK 74465 Phone: 918-207-3600 Casino size: 20,000 sq. ft. Slots: 400 GM: Rodney Fourkiller Cherokee Nation

CHEROKEE CASINO & HOTEL—WEST SILOAM SPRINGS 2416 Hwy. 412 West Siloam Springs, OK 74338 Mailing: 584 Stateline Rd. Colcord, OK 74338 Phone: 918-422-5100 Toll Free: 800-754-4111 Casino size: 189,000 sq. ft. Event Space 16,000 sq. ft. Lodging (140 rooms) Slots: 1,470 Table Games: 19 Poker 8 tables GM: Tony Nagy

CHICKASAW TRAVEL STOP — THACKERVILLE 22983 Brown Springs Road I35 and Exit 1 Thackerville, OK 73459 Phone: 580-276-4706 Casino size: 1,189 sq. ft. Slots: 34 GM: John DeMoss

1801 East Main Street Stigler, OK 74462 Phone: 918967-8364 .aspx Casino size: 7,800 sq. ft. Slots: 200 GM: Ashley Simpson

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

CHOCTAW CASINO— MCALESTER 1638 S. George Nigh Expressway McAlester, OK 74501-7411 Phone: 918-423-8161 ster.aspx Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Slots: 500 GM: Lila Tucker

3400 Choctaw Rd. Pocola, OK 74902-0429 Phone: 918-436-7761 Toll Free: 800-590-5825 w-pocola Casino size: 87,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,765 Table Games: 10 GM: Christy Chaser

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

CHOCTAW CASINO— STRINGTOWN 893 N. Hwy. 69 Stringtown, OK 74569 Phone: 580-346-7862 Casino size: 14,000 sq. ft. Slots: 200 GM: Shelly Lance


Chickasaw Nation

CHISHOLM TRAIL CASINO 7807 North Highway 81 Duncan, OK 73533 Phone: 580-255-1668 Casino size: 22,000 sq. ft. Slots: 580 Table Games: 4 AGM: Donna Hutchins Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

CHOCTAW CASINO— BROKEN BOW 1790 S. Park Dr. US Highway 259 Broken Bow, OK 74728 Phone: 580-584-5450 w-broken-bow Casino size: 27,000 sq. ft. Hotel (102 rooms) Slots: 350 GM: Amy Ward Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

CHOCTAW CASINO RESORT—DURANT 4216 S. Hwy. 69 Durant, OK 74701-1987 Phone: 580-920-0160 Toll Free: 888-652-4628 w-durant Casino size: 120,000 sq. ft. Hotel (330 rooms) Slots: 4,314 Table Games: 50 GM: Jeff Penz Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

CHOCTAW CASINO—GRANT US Highway 271 South Grant, OK 74738-9802 Mailing; Route 1 PO Box 17 Grant, OK 74378-0017 Phone: 580-326-8397 w-grant Casino size: 68,235 sq. ft. Slots: 1,198 Table Games: 10 GM: Chris Scrivner

Kambi Providing Exciting Sports Wagering Experiences


ambi is the global leader in online and on-property sports wagering solutions, powering the sports books of some the largest casino and gaming operators around the world. In the nascent legal U.S. sports betting industry, Kambi has emerged as the No. 1 provider in the two largest states to have regulated sports betting thus far: New Jersey and Pennsylvania. In New Jersey, Kambi processed the historic first legal online wager outside of Nevada post-PASPA—a feat partly attributable to its compliant technology and the trusting partnership developed with the New Jersey Division of Gaming Enforcement. In the state, Kambi powers the online sports books of DraftKings Sportsbook, SugarHouse Casino & Sportsbook and 888sport, as well as the on-property DraftKings Sportsbook at Resorts in Atlantic City. In addition to Kambi’s demonstrable regulatory compliance and corporate probity, the quality of the Kambi Sportsbook has enabled the company to obtain a clear marketleading position in the Garden State, generating approximately 60 percent of the online sports betting revenues recorded so far. Kambi also has emerged as the leading provider of on-property sports books in the U.S., with a modern portfolio of products enabling patrons to view lines and place wagers in several different ways. In Pennsylvania, Kambi is the provider to four of the six properties to have launched sports betting since regulation. These properties include the Rivers Casino in Pittsburgh and the SugarHouse Casino and Parx Casino in the Philadelphia region. In these casinos, patrons have access to Kambi’s intuitive Self Service Betting Terminals, or kiosks. Kiosks still are relatively rare in U.S. sportsbooks; however, such is the quality of Kambi’s kiosk product that more than half of all wagers are now placed via these terminals. Kambi also supports its partners every step of the way with a range of services. As a Nasdaq-listed company, Kambi operates a clear management structure and transparent ownership, and strictly avoids markets where sports betting is prohibited. A member of the American Gaming Association Taskforce, Kambi is a partner trusted by operators, keen to partner with American Indian casinos to bring high-quality sports wagering experiences to patrons. Kambi Chief Executive Officer Kristian Nylen recently was named among Global Gaming Business’ prestigious “25 People to Watch” for 2019. To arrange a meeting with Kambi, email or visit for more information.

w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


Tribal Government Gaming

Cherokee Nation

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 65

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 66

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

Comanche Nation

Muscogee Creek Nation

Muscogee Creek Nation

Muscogee Creek Nation






196747 Highway 36 Devol, OK 73531 Phone: 580-250-3060 Toll Free: 866-280-3261 Casino size: 52,500 sq. ft. Slots: 970 Table Games: 8 GM: Brian Weryavah

121 W. Lincoln Bristow, OK 74010-3428 Phone: 918-367-9168 Casino size: 8,500 sq. ft. Slots: 221 GM: David Warrior

211 East Willow Street Holdenville, Oklahoma 74848 Phone: 405-379-3321 Slots: 136 GM: Joel Chassin

3402 Service Road Pocola, OK 74902 Phone: 918-436-2425 Casino size: 1,666 sq. ft. Slots: 50 GM: Jennifer Hammons

Tribal Government Gaming

Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma


Comanche Nation

821 W. Freeman Ave. Perkins, OK 74059 Phone: 405-547-5352 Casino size: 25,000 sq. ft. Slots: 550 Table Games: 5 GM: Stephan Burris

COMANCHE SPUR CASINO 9047 US Highway 62 Elgin, OK 73538-9748 Phone: 877-806-1177 Casino size: 2,400 sq. ft. Slots: 180 GM: Mia Tahdooahnippah

Comanche Nation


Comanche Nation

402 SE Interstate Dr. Lawton, OK 73501 Phone: 580-350-3030 Toll Free: 877-900-7594 Casino size: 36,000 sq. ft. Slots: 790 Table Games: 8 Bingo: 200 seats GM: Forney Beaver

COMANCHE STAR CASINO 263171 Highway 53 Walters, OK 73572 Phone: 580-250-3100 Casino size: 33,000 sq. ft. Slots: 135 GM: Trish Murphy

Muscogee Creek Nation


Muscogee Creek Nation

1901 N. Wood Dr. Okmulgee, OK 74447 Phone: 918-756-8400 Casino size: 11,000 sq. ft. Slots: 340 Table Games: 4 GM: Roger Birdcreek


Quapaw Tribe of Oklahoma

10085 Ferguson Road Beggs, OK 74421 Phone: 918-267-3468 Casino size: 5,000 sq. ft. Slots: 300 GM: Lorinda Driskill

3420 W. Peak Blvd Muskogee, OK 74403 Phone: 918-683-1825 Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Slots: 515 Table Games: 15 GM: Farrell Kaaihue

Muscogee Creek Nation

Muscogee Creek Nation



806 Forest Ave. Eufaula, OK 74432 Phone: 918-689-9191 Casino size: 7,400 sq. ft. Slots: 241 GM: Derek Fife

1100 S. Woody Guthrie Blvd. Okemah, OK 74859 Phone: 918-623-0051 Casino size: 1,800 sq. ft. Slots: 290 Bingo: 110 seats GM: Casey Jones

DOWNSTREAMCASINORESORT 69300 East Nee Road Quapaw, OK 74363 Phone: 918-919-6000 Toll Free: 888-396-7876 Casino size: 70,000 sq. ft. The Hotel (222 rooms) Slots: 2,003 Table Games: 36 GM: Jani Cummings Muscogee Creek Nation

CREEK NATION CASINO DUCK CREEK 10085 Ferguson Rd. Beggs, OK 74421 Mailing: PO Box 809 Beggs, OK 74421 Phone: 918-267-3468 Casino size: 13,582 sq. ft. Slots: 522 GM: Lorinda Driskill


Novomatic Americas Bring the Thunder


ovomatic Americas will introduce an impressive variety of its latest products to tribal gaming customers at the National Indian Gaming Association’s NIGA 2019. Supported by the Novomatic Group, Novomatic Americas is looking forward to highlighting its latest product innovations at NIGA Booth 2331. Sleek cabinets, sports betting technology, licensed content and exhilarating progressives will be the focus at Novomatic Americas’ booth this year. Center stage at the Novomatic Americas booth will be the latest suite of linked progressive product lines, including the official world premiere of the Thunder Cash Link. Thunder Cash Link will certainly be a winner on any casino floor with player-selectable multi-denomination and a multi-level jackpot offering. With an attractive mix of games like Emperor’s China, Empress of the Pyramids and The Great Conqueror, this linked progressive will draw a wide range of players. For gaming in a smooth, epic style, the Panthera Curve 1.43 will command attention as the striking new standard for power and performance that will keep players engaged and on the edge of their seats. An imposing 43-inch curved UHD screen and high design visibility hit the mark for a sophisticated and fun player presentation. The V.I.P. focus continues with the V.I.P. Lounge Curve 1.43. This compact curve is the modern gamer’s choice with a perfect gaming curve view and interactive LED illumination that deliver a visually compelling gaming experience. The curved screen and viewing angle enhance the suite of premium game content in a host of new titles for 2019.



The Novostar V.I.P. Royal 2.65 continues to impress casino operators across North America and is one of the most requested products in the Novomatic portfolio. Pay Day Progressives from Novomatic Americas will include a series of high-energy stand-alone progressive games from the U.S.-based Mount Prospect Game Development Studios. First releases are Prized Panda and Prize of the Nile, but watch this series quickly grow in new and exciting titles. Expanded electronic table game side bets, the proven myACP casino management systems, Novomatic ActionBook Self-Service betting kiosks, Absolute Vision content management system and the successful Greentube iGaming experience also will be on display. For more information, stop by NIGA Booth 2331, visit or contact Kathleen McLaughlin, vice president of marketing and product development, at 224-802-2974.

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 67

Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma

Kaw Nation of Oklahoma



LUCKYSTARCASINO—CANTON 301 NW Lake Rd. Canton, OK 73724 Mailing: PO Box 638 Canton, OK 73724 Phone: 580-886-2490 Slots: 300 GM: Tommye Blackcrow

24701 S. 655th Rd. Grove, OK 74344-4012 Phone: 918-786-8528 Toll Free: 800-426-4640 Casino size: 45,000 sq. ft. Slots: 615 Table Games: 8 GM: Dusty Logan

61475 E. 100 Rd. Miami, OK 74354 Phone: 918-541-9463 Casino size: 35,000 sq. ft. Slots: 500 GM: Kirk Myrick


Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma

Cherokee Nation, Cherokee National Entertainment



Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma

1407 S. Clarence Nash Blvd. Watonga, OK 73772 Phone: 580-623-7333 Casino size: 2,200 sq. ft. Slots: 195 GM: Rory Littleraven

777 W. Cherokee St. Catoosa, OK 74015-3235 Phone: 918-384-7800 Toll Free: 800-760-6700 Casino size: 106,000 sq. ft. Event Space 75,000 sq. ft Slots: 2,400 Table Games: 30 Poker Tables 14 GM: Lana Rivera

25230 E. Hwy. 62 Harrah, OK 73045 Phone: 405-964-4444 Casino size: 18,000 sq. ft. Slots: 635 Table Games: 8 GM: Patrick Watson

Citizen Potawatomi Nation

FIRELAKE CASINO 41207 Hardesty Rd. Shawnee, OK 74801-8669 Phone: 405-878-4862 Casino size: 50,000 sq. ft. Slots: 750 Table Games: 8 Bingo: 500 seats GM: Linda Canada

Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma


5640 N. LaCann Dr. Newkirk, OK 74647 Phone: 580-362-2578 Toll Free: 866-529-2464 Casino size: 55,000 sq. ft. Slots: 316 Table Games: 6 Bingo: 700 seats GM: Mark Smith


70220 East Highway 60 Wyandotte, OK 74370 Phone: 918-666-9200 Casino size: 120,000 sq. ft. Event Space: 17,000 sq. ft. Lodging: 245 rooms Slots: 1,400 Table Games: 14 GM: Melanie Heskett

Cheyenne & Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma


2019 Directory

Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma

10347 North 2274 Road Clinton, OK 73601 Phone: 580-323-6599 Casino size: 13,000 sq ft. Slots: 1,143 Table Games: 6 AGM: Robert Romannose Cheyenne & Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma

LUCKY STAR CASINO— CONCHO 7777 N. Hwy. 81 Concho, OK 73022 Phone: 405-422-6500 Casino size: 40,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1414 Table Games: 10 GM: Charlie Welboure

Kiowa Tribe of Oklahoma

KIOWA CASINO—CARNEGIE 514 State Highway 9 Carnegie, OK 73015 Slots: 117 COO: Jim LaPorte

COMPANY PROFILE Chickasaw Nation

GOLD MOUNTAIN CASINO 1410 Sam Noble Parkway Ardmore, OK 73401 Phone: 580-223-3301 Casino Size: 8,324 sq. ft. Slots: 303 AGM: Dawn Butler Delaware Nation

GOLD RIVER CASINO 31064 South Highway 281 Anadarko, OK 73005-0806 Mailing: PO Box 487 Anadarko, OK 73005 Phone: 405-247-4700 Casino size: 21,000 sq. ft. Slots: 453 GM: Doug Swinney Thlopthlocco Tribal Town

GOLDEN PONY CASINO South Clearview Road Clearview, OK 74859-0188 Phone: 918-560-6199 Toll Free: 877-623-0072 Casino size: 10,000 sq. ft. Slots: 320 GM: Jason Larney Chickasaw Nation

GOLDSBY GAMING CENTER 1038 W Sycamore Rd. I-35 Norman, OK 73072-9801 Phone: 405-329-5447 Casino size: 23,000 sq. ft. Slots: 361 Bingo: 300 seats GM: Paula Kappes

PMI Tribal Services Proven Purchasing, Renovation and Technical Expertise


MI Tribal Services LLC, a Native Americanowned company, was formed specifically to serve tribal clients by providing the industry’s best purchasing services with an understanding of the unique needs of the tribal communities. As an affiliate of Purchasing Management International L.P., the company’s experience is built upon more than 25 years of hospitality, construction, management and purchasing experience. PMI has purchased and installed more than $3 billion in hotel, resort and casino furnishings, operating equipment and systems worldwide, and continues to be one of the leading independent contract purchasing companies nationally and internationally. PMI’s services include FF&E purchasing for hospitality renovation and new construction, operating supplies purchasing and advisory services for capital budgeting, inventories and due diligence for acquisitions and valuations. PMI also is the leading purchasing agent in the gaming purchasing industry. PMI is the leading FF&E and OS&E purchasing company for tribal gaming projects across the country. For years, PMI has worked with the leading voices in tribal gaming to deliver buying power, integrity and reliability to its tribal gaming clients, such as:

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma Pokagon Band of the Potawatomi Comanche Nation Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians Gila River Indian Community Prairie Band of Potawatomi Sycuan Band of Kumeyaay Nation Yavapi Nation Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians Poarch Band of Creek Indians Pueblo of Sandia

The mission of PMI Tribal Services and Purchasing Management International is to provide a select number of clients worldwide with its proven purchasing, renovation and technical expertise at the best quality and pricing obtainable in the industry. For more information, visit w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


Tribal Government Gaming

Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 68

Wyandotte Tribe of Oklahoma

Million Dollar Elm, Inc., Osage Nation

Seminole Nation of Oklahoma

Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma

Chickasaw Nation






Intersection Highway 56 and 99 Konawa, OK 74849 Phone: 580-925-3994 locations/rivermist Casino Size: 5,500 sq. ft. Slots: 147 GM: Billie Dann

54251 South 349th Road Pawnee, OK 74058 Mailing: PO Box 280 Pawnee, OK 74058 Phone: 918-762-3621 Casino size: 10,000 sq. ft. Slots: 315 GM: Zach Hoffman

12252 Ruppe Road Davis, OK 73030 Phone: 580-369-2895 Casino size: 9,440 sq. ft. Inn at Treasure Valley (59 rooms) Slots: 393 Table Games: 4 GM: Christina DeMoss

64499 E. Hwy. 60 Wyandotte, OK 74370 Phone: 918-678-3767 Casino size: 3,000 sq. ft. Slots: 110 GM: Gary Johnson Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma

301 N. Blackjack Dr. Sand Springs, OK 74063 Phone: 918-699-7777 Toll Free: 877-246-8777 Casino size: 25,000 sq. ft. Slots: 460 Table Games: 4 GM: Joseph Standingbear

Tribal Government Gaming

12375 N. Hwy. 77 Tonkawa, OK 74653 Phone: 580-448-3100 Casino size: 22,500 sq. ft. Slots: 527 CEO: Phil Glass

Osage Nation


Chickasaw Nation

5591 W. Rogers Blvd. Skiatook, OK 74070 Phone: 918-396-2626 Slots: 315 GM: Edward Grey


Osage Nation

2457 N. Main St. Route 62 & Interstate 44 Newcastle, OK 73065 Phone: 405-387-6013 Casino size: 64,708 sq. ft. Slots: 2,987 Table Games: 13 GM: Ryan Sykes

951 W. 36th St. North Tulsa, OK 74127 Phone: 918-669-7600 Toll Free: 877-246-8777 Casino size: 47,000 sq. ft. Slots: 983 Table Games: 11 GM: Matthew Shunkamolah


Miami Tribe of Oklahoma

222 Allen Rd. Bartlesville, OK 76003-4371 Phone: 918-699-7777 Casino size: 42,000 sq. ft. Slots: 465 Table Games: 7 GM: John Shaw

202 South 8 Tribes Trail Miami, OK 74354 Phone: 918-542-8670 Slots: 130 GM: Ben Barnes


Miami Tribe of Oklahoma

PRAIRIE SUN CASINO OSAGE CASINO—HOMINY 39 Deer Creek Hominy, OK 74035 Phone: 918-885-2990 Toll Free: 877-246-8777 Slots: 200 GM: Eli RedEagle

3411 P Street Northwest Miami, OK 74354 Phone: 918-541-2150 Casino size: 11,000 sq. ft. Slots: 200 GM: Ben Barnes Quapaw Tribe


OSAGE CASINO—PAWHUSKA 2017 E. 15th St. Highway 99 and 15 Street Pawhuska, OK 74056 Phone: 918-287-9009 Toll Free: 877-246-8777 Slots: 200 GM: Eli Red Eagle

58100 E. 64th Rd. Miami, OK 74354 Phone: 918-540-9100 Casino size: 27,000 sq. ft. Slots: 500 Table Games: 7 GM: Kenny Anderson Muscogee Creek Nation


OSAGE CASINO HOTEL— PONCA CITY 64464 State Highway 60 Ponca City, OK 74604 Phone: 877-246-8777 Casino size: 7,700 sq. ft. Slots: 345 GM: Jennifer Sword


11801 East 2160 Road Terral, OK 73569 Phone: (855) 748-3778 Casino Size: 36000 sq. ft. Slots: 600 Chickasaw Nation



Osage Nation

Osage Nation

Chickasaw Nation



8330 Riverside Parkway Tulsa, OK 74137-1215 Phone: 918-995-8518 Toll Free: 800-299-2738 Casino size: 300,000 sq. ft. Slots: 3,500 Table Games: 23 GM: Jerry Floyd


Wichita & Affiliated Tribes

Chickasaw Nation



Interstate 40 Exit 101 5304 North Broadway Avenue Hinton, OK 73047 Phone 405-542-2946 Casino size: 23,634 sq. ft. Sugar Creek Inn & Suites 45 rooms/6 RV stations Slots: 700 Table Games: 4 GM: Glen Coleman

1795 Highway 70 East Kingston, OK 73439 Phone: 580-564-6000 Casino size: 5,440 Slots: 370 GM: Tiffany Brown

777 Casino Ave Interstate 35 Thackerville, OK 73459 Phone: 580-276-4229 Toll Free: 800-622-6317 Casino size: 616,960 sq. ft. WinStar World Hotel (395 rooms) Slots: 7,495 Table Games: 98 Poker Tables: 45 Bingo: 800 seats GM: Jack Parkinson


Wyandotte Tribe of Oklahoma



Chickasaw Nation

TEXOMA GAMING CENTER 1544 West State Highway 9 Norman, OK 73071 Phone: 580-436-2603 Casino Size: 219,000 sq. ft. Slots: 2,878 Table Games: 40 GM: Justin Yahola Sac and Fox Nation of Oklahoma

THE BLACK HAWK CASINO 42008 Westech Rd. Shawnee, OK 74804 Phone: 405-275-4700 Casino size: 35,000 sq. ft. Slots: 600 GM: Shirley McCormick

15700 E. State Hwy. 9 Norman, OK 73026-9028 Phone: 405-360-9270 Toll Free: 800-259-5825 Casino size: 40,000 sq. ft. Slots: 582 Table Games: 10 GM: Sam Caruso


Sac and Fox Nation of Oklahoma


Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma

Highway 99 Stroud, OK 74079 Phone: (918) 968-2540 Casino Size: 825 sq. ft. Slots: 164 GM: Deanna Larney

10700 Allen Dr. Tonkawa, OK 74653 Phone: 580-628-2624 Toll Free: 877-648-2624 Casino size: 10,200 sq. ft. Slots: 50 Table Games: 3 CEO: Phil Glass


Chickasaw Nation


Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma

1600 Highway 81 Pocasset, OK 73079-8116 Phone: (405) 459-4000 Casino Size: 33,800 sq. ft. Slots: 588 GM Cole Meeks


Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma

THE STABLES CASINO 530 H St. SE Miami, OK 74354-8224 Phone: 918-542-7884 Toll Free: 877-774-7884 Casino size: 25,000 sq. ft. Slots: 550 GM: J. Mark Whitely

100 Jackpot Place Wyandotte, OK 74370 Phone: 918-678-4946 Toll Free: 866-447-4946 Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Slots: 815 Table Games: 5 GM: Gary Johnson

291 Agency Road Pawnee, OK 74058 Phone: 918-762-4466 Casino size: 3,500 sq. ft. Slots: 60 Director of Gaming Ops: Joe Hawkins

Class II & III Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians

CHINOOK WINDS CASINO RESORT 1777 NW 44th St. Lincoln City, OR 97367-5094 Phone: 541-996-5825 Toll Free: 888-244-6665 Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Chinook Winds Resort (227 rooms) Slots: 1,085 Table Games: 23 Bingo: 400 seats GM: Mike Fisher Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs

INDIAN HEAD CASINO 3236 US Highway 26 Warm Springs, OR 97761 Mailing: PO Box 890 Warm Springs, OR 97761 Phone: 541-460-7777 Casino size: 40,000 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 500 CEO: Jeffrey Cartensen

Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde



34333 Hwy. 97 North Chiloquin, OR 97624-8747 Phone: 541-783-7529 Toll Free: 888-552-6692 Casino size: 18,000 sq. ft. Slots: 345 Table Games: 3 GM: Eric Wright Coquille Indian Tribe

THE MILL CASINO HOTEL 3201 N. Tremont Ave. North Bend, OR 97459-3062 Phone: 541-756-8800 Toll Free: 800-953-4800 Casino size: 40,000 sq. ft. The Mill Casino Hotel (98 rooms) Slots: 680 Table Games: 10 GM: Terri Porcaro Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians

SEVEN FEATHERS CASINO RESORT 146 Chief Miwaleta Ln. Canyonville, OR 97417-9700 Phone: 541-839-1111 Toll Free: 800-548-8461 Casino size: 68,441 sq. ft. Seven Feathers Hotel (286 rooms plus 12 suites) Slots: 955 + Table Games: 20 Bingo: 324 seats GM: Shawn McDaniel

27100 SW Salmon River Hwy. Grand Ronde, OR 97347 Phone: 503-879-2350 Casino size: 193,200 sq. ft. Spirit Mountain Lodge (254 rooms) Slots: 1,707 Table Games: 18 GM: Stan Dillon Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians


Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation WILDHORSE RESORT & CASINO 46510 Wildhorse Blvd. Pendleton, OR 97801 Phone: 541-278-2274 Toll Free: 800-654-9453 Casino size: 113,000 sq. ft. Wildhorse Hotel (300 rooms) RV Park (100 spaces) Slots: 1,200 Table Games: 12 Bingo: 400 seats GM: Allen Tovey

SOUTH DAKOTA Class II & III Rosebud Sioux Tribe


5647 Hwy. 126 Florence, OR 97439 Phone: 541-997-7529 Toll Free: 877-3-RIVERS Three Rivers Hotel (93 rooms) Casino size: 90,000 sq. ft. Slots: 600 Table Games: 12 Bingo: 400 seats CEO: Dan Condy

30421 US Highway 83 Valentine, SD 69201 Phone: 605-378-3800 Toll Free: 800-786-7673 Casino size: 10,500 sq. ft. Slots: 250 Table Games: 5 Bingo: 300 seats GM: Kelly Turney

Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate

Yankton Sioux Tribe



46102 SD Highway 10 Sisseton, SD 57262 Phone: 605-698-4273 Toll Free: (800) 542-2876 Casino size: 20,000 sq. ft. Slots: 191 Bingo: 300 seats Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate

DAKOTA SIOUX CASINO & HOTEL 16415 Sioux Conifer Rd. Watertown, SD 57201-7321 Phone: 605-882-2051 Toll Free: 800-658-4717 Casino size: 8,730 sq. ft. Hotel (92 rooms) Slots: 456 Table Games: 1 GM: J. Renville Oglala Sioux Tribe

EAST WIND CASINO US Highway 18 Martin, SD 57551 Phone: 605-685-1140 Slots: 121 GM: Bill Pourier

38538 E. Hwy. 46 Pickstown, SD 57367 Phone: 605-487-7871 Toll Free: 800-362-6333 Casino size: 38,092 sq. ft. Fort Randall Hotel (56 rooms) Slots: 350 Table Games: 10 Bingo: 250 seats GM: James Stone Lower Brule Sioux Tribe

GOLDEN BUFFALO CASINO RESORT 321 Sitting Bull St. Lower Brule, SD 57548 Phone: 605-473-5577 Casino size: 9,000 sq. ft. Golden Buffalo Hotel (38 rooms) Slots: 197 Bingo: 100 seats GM: Darrell Herman Standing Rock Sioux Tribe

GRAND RIVER CASINO & RESORT 27903 Hwy. 12 Mobridge, SD 57601 Phone: 605-845-7104 Toll Free: 800-475-3321 Casino size: 40,000 sq. ft. Grand River Resort (40 rooms) Slots: 250 Table Games: 5 GM: Ivan White Mountain


Rymax Marketing Services Boosting Player Loyalty


layer loyalty program falling flat? Participation decreasing lately? If so, it may be time for an overhaul. But where to begin? Rymax, the No. 1 supplier of player loyalty solutions, can breathe new life into a dusty program. With strategically crafted, turnkey programs, Rymax makes every player feel like a winner. Here’s how: 1. Rymax understands the audience.

Rewards aren’t one-size-fits-all. In order to retain existing players and attract new ones, it’s important to study the audience and understand their varying preferences to know what motivates them. Rymax has developed its own event analytics program that accurately targets attendees via demographic and/or geographic statistics. Rymax uses this data to carefully construct the perfect mix of trending rewards for players to maximize engagement and drive repeat play. 2. Rymax pays attention to merchandise trends.

Incentive trends tend to mirror retail trends, so what turns heads at retail will also excite and motivate players. As merchandise experts, Rymax has developed a strong understanding of the changing retail landscape and the ability to quickly adapt to it. Relationships with 400 top brands allow Rymax to offer best-in-class pricing and to remain at the forefront of merchandise rewards. 3. Rymax offers in-demand rewards.

For a program to resonate and be successful, it must offer rewards consumers want. Tangible rewards from popular brands offer a residual value.

They appeal to players at every level and of every generation. With more than 15,000 rewards options from today’s most popular brands, such as Kate Spade, LG and Nest, Rymax generates more excitement and more inspiration than any other incentive provider. 4. Rymax plans and executes award-winning interactive rewards events.

Each of Rymax’s unforgettable, hands-on reward experiences gives players an opportunity to redeem for items in person, in an exclusive setting. From wireless speakers to handbags, cookware to the latest voice-controlled devices, Rymax events offer something for everyone. With an unmatched portfolio of rewards that motivate and brands that inspire, Rymax brings the most in-demand products, customized technology solutions and world-class services to the gaming marketplace. For more information, visit and stop by NIGA Booth 1625. w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


Tribal Government Gaming

Klamath Tribe

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 69

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 70

Crow Creek Sioux Tribe

Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe



Highway 34 and Highway 47 Fort Thompson, SD 57339-0050 Phone: 605-245-6000 Casino size: 27,500 sq. ft. Lode Star Hotel (51 rooms) Slots: 217 Table Games: 7 GM: Quentin McGhee

Tribal Government Gaming

Oglala Sioux Tribe

607 S. Veterans St. Flandreau, SD 57028-1416 Phone: 605-997-3746 Toll Free: 800-833-8666 Casino size: 17,000 sq. ft. Royal River Motel (120 rooms) Slots: 390 Table Games: 10 GM: James McDermott


TEXAS Class II Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas

KICKAPOO LUCKY EAGLE CASINO HOTEL 26 Casino Drive Pine Ridge, SD 57770 Phone: 605-867-6300 Toll Free: 800-705-WIND Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Slots: 340 Bingo: 150 seats GM: Bill Pourier

794 Lucky Eagle Drive Eagle Pass, TX 78852-2430 Phone: (830) 758-1936 Toll Free: (888) 255-8259 Casino Size: 166,000 sq. ft. Slots: 3,365 Bingo: 230 Seats GM: Scott Eldredge


Puyallup Tribe of Indians

Puyallup Tribe of Indians



Class II & III Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe

4411 Pacific Hwy. East Fife, WA 98424 Phone: 253-922-0430 Slots: 350 Bingo: 500 seats Table Games: 1 GM: Jenynne DeNoble

2024 E. 29th St. Tacoma, WA 98404 Phone: 253-594-7777 Toll Free 888-831-7655 Casino size: 50,000 sq. ft. Hotel (100 Rooms) Slots: 1,633 Table Games: 57 GM: Frank Wright

7 CEDARS CASINO 270756 Hwy. 101 Sequim, WA 98382-7677 Phone: 360-683-7777 Toll Free: 800-458-2597 Casino size: 16,000 sq. ft. Slots: 581 Table Games: 13 Bingo 250 seats GM: Glenn Smithson Stillaguamish Tribe

ANGEL OF THE WINDS CASINO HOTEL BREWERY 3438 Stoluckquamish Ln. Arlington, WA 98223 Phone: 360-474-9740 Casino size: 112,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,225 Table Games: 12 GM: Travis O’Neil

VIRGINIA The Pamunkey Indian Tribe’s gambling development has been approved, although the state currently has no casinos.

SCIENTIFIC GAMES Exploring What Is Possible cientific Games Corporation is a world leader in entertainment, offering dynamic games, systems and services for casino, lottery, social gaming, online gaming and sports betting. Scientific Games offers a global entertainment ecosystem that brings value to its customers and delights players. This global experiential ecosystem combines dynamic content, comprehensive data, advanced systems and the latest innovations in sports betting, gaming and lottery to meet player demands and enhance operations. Headquartered in Las Vegas, Nevada, Scientific Games is a global company with 9,500 employees and 150 offices on six continents. Scientific Games leads with innovation, continually researching and developing advanced technology for all platforms and providing players with the best entertainment experiences as a result of non-stop exploration of what is possible. Committed to responsible gaming, Scientific Games delivers great products and services while staying committed to doing what is right for its customers, employees, investors and communities. This allows Scientific Games to deliver what customers and players value most: trusted security, engaging entertainment content, operating efficiencies and innovative technology. For more information, visit



SNOQUALMIE CASINO 37500 SE N. Bend Way Snoqualmie, WA 98065 Phone: 425-888-1234 Toll Free: 888-348-3323 Casino size: 187,602 sq. ft. Slots: 1,700 Table Games: 50 CEO: Brian Decorah Spokane Tribe of Indians

CHEWELAH CASINO 2555 Smith Rd. Highway 395 South Chewelah, WA 99109-9689 Phone: 509-258-9854 Toll Free: 800-322-2788 Casino size: 15,000 sq. ft. Slots: 317 Table Games: 5 GM: Dwayne Fitzgerald

Puyallup Tribe of Indians

EMERALD QUEEN HOTEL & CASINO 5700 Pacific Hwy. East Fife, WA 98424 Phone: 253-922-2000 Emerald Queen Hotel (140 rooms) Casino size: 33,000 sq. ft. Slots: 2,367 GM: Frank Wright Mohegan Tribe, The Cowlitz Tribe

ILANI CASINO RESORT 3710 North West 319th Street Ridgefield, WA 98642-9785 Toll Free: (877) 464-5264 Casino Size: 100,000 sq. ft. Slots: 2,500 President and GM: Kara FoxLaRose

Suquamish Tribe



Snoqualmie Tribe


Squaxin Island Tribe

15347 Suquamish Way Suquamish, WA 98392-9649 Phone: 360-598-8700 Toll Free: 800-375-6073 Casino size: 33,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,200 Table Games: 35 GM: Rich Purser

91 W. State Route 108 Shelton, WA 98584 Phone: 360-427-7711 Toll Free: 800-667-7711 Casino size: 21,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,248 Table Games: 21 Bingo: 300 seats CEO & GM: Mark West


Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservations

Skokomish Tribal Nation



515 Birch St. Coulee Dam, WA 99116-1324 Phone: 509-633-0766 Toll Free: 800-556-7492 Casino size: 5,000 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 169 GM: Tony Posey

19330 N. Hwy. 101 Shelton, WA 98584-9781 Phone: 360-877-5656 Casino size: 50,000 sq. ft. Slots: 240 Table Games: 9 COO & GM: David Owens

Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe

THE ELWHA RIVER CASINO 631 Stratton Rd. Port Angeles, WA 98363 Phone: 360-452-3005 Casino size: 7,000 sq. ft. Slots: 138 GM: Shawn Johns

Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation

LUCKY EAGLE CASINO & HOTEL 12888 188th Avenue Southwest Rochester, WA 98579-9643 Phone: 360-273-2000 Toll Free: 800-720-1788 Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Lucky Eagle Hotel (170 rooms) Slots: 1,267 Table Games: 16 Bingo: 600 seats CCO: Rodney Youckton

Colville Confederated Tribes

Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe

Quinault Indian Nation

Lummi Nation

Swinomish Indian Tribal Community




455 Wapato Lake Rd. Manson, WA 98831-9577 Phone: 509-687-2102 Toll Free: 800-648-2946 Casino size: 35,000 sq. ft. Slots: 640 Table Games: 8 Casino Manager: Mike Miller

7989 Salish Lane Northeast Kingston, WA 98346 Phone: 360-297-0070 Toll Free: 866-547-6468 Casino size: 52,400 sq. ft. Lodging: 94 rooms Slots: 750 Table Games: 8 GM: Leo Culloo



Muckleshoot Indian Tribe

Tulalip Tribes



Muckleshoot Indian Tribe


6410 33rd Ave. Northeast Tulalip, WA 98271 Phone: 360-716-1700 Toll Free: 888-272 -1111 Casino size: 55,000 sq. ft. Tulalip Resort & Spa (370 rooms) Slots: 1,004 Table Games: 12 President & COO: Ken Kettler

2117 Auburn Way South Auburn, WA 98002 Phone: 253-735-2404 Slots: 500 Bingo: 1,000 Seats GM: Conrad Granito

Shoalwater Bay Tribe

SHOALWATER BAY CASINO 4112 Hwy.105 Tokeland, WA 98590 Phone: 360-267-2048 Toll Free: 888-834-7312 Casino size: 12,000 sq. ft. Hotel (18 rooms) Slots: 255 GM: Johnny Winokur

12885 Casino Dr. Anacortes, WA 98221-8363 Phone: 360-293-2691 Toll Free: 888-288-8883 Casino size: 27,000 sq. ft. Slots: 850 Table Games: 11 GM: Brock Hochsprung Tulalip Tribes

Tribal Government Gaming

2402 Auburn Way South Auburn, WA 98002-6370 Toll Free: 800-804-4944 Casino size: 328,000 sq. ft. Slots: 3,175 Table Games: 71 GM: Conrad Granito

78 State Route 115 Ocean Shores, WA 98569 Phone: 360-289-6205 Casino size: 16,000 sq. ft. Quinault Beach Resort (159 rooms) Slots: 700 Table Games: 14 COO & GM: Don Kajans

4876 Haxton Way Ferndale, WA 98248 Phone: 360-383-0777 Toll Free: 866-383-0777 Casino size: 50,000 sq. ft. Hotel (206 rooms) Slots: 1,075+ Table Games: 16 Golf Course: Loomis Trail CEO & Interim GM: Marty Sauvage

TULALIP BINGO Upper Skagit Indian Tribe

SKAGIT VALLEY CASINO RESORT 5984 N. Darrk Lane Bow, WA 98232 Phone: 360-724-7777 Toll Free: 877-275-2448 Casino size: 64,000 sq. ft. The Skagit Valley Resort (132 rooms) Slots: 910 Table Games: 12 GM: Don Guglielmino

2911 88th Street Northeast Tulalip, WA 98271-7413 Toll Free: 888-272-1111 Casino size: 22,000 sq. ft. Slots: 196 Bingo: 850 Seats Bingo Director: Tammy Taylor Tulalip Tribe

TULALIP RESORT CASINO 10200 Quil Ceda Boulevard Tulalip, WA 98172-7413 Phone: 360-716-6000 Casino size: 222,000 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 2,440 Table Games: 37 Bingo: 870 Seats President & COO: Ken Kettler

Nisqually Tribe

NISQUALLY RED WIND CASINO 12819 Yelm Hwy. Southeast Olympia, WA 98513-9111 Phone: 360-412-5000 Toll Free: 866-946-2444 Casino size: 95,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,671 Table Games: 20 CEO & GM: Cheebo Frazier Nooksack Indian Tribe

NOOKSACK NORTHWOOD CASINO 9750 Northwood Rd. Lynden, WA 98264 Phone: 360-734-5101 Toll Free: 877-777-9847 Casino size: 30,000 sq. ft. Slots: 360 GM: Leonard Habig Kalispel Tribe

NORTHERN QUEST RESORT & CASINO 100 N. Hayford Rd. Airway Heights, WA 99001-1300 Phone: 509-242-7000 Toll Free: 877-871-6772 Casino size: 195,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,651 Table Games: 37 GM: Nick Pierre


Synergy Blue “Fun You Can Bet On”


ounded in 2013 as a Native American enterprise, Synergy Blue combines gaming industry expertise with decades of casino floor experience. As the leading provider of entertainment gaming solutions, the company provides arcade-style, skill-based games and platforms designed for the next generation of gamers and gamblers. In other words, Synergy Blue makes “Fun You Can Bet On!” In today’s evolving casino industry, concern that younger generations of patrons have limited interest in traditional, passive slot games is leading operators to seek new ways of expanding customer demographics and driving player engagement. Synergy Blue addresses these concerns with unique entertainment offerings, designed to offer burgeoning demographics a fun and appealing gambling alternative, as well as to bring them to the casino floor now and continually into the future. Synergy Blue provides casino operators with a new generation of entertainment through games that are certified and backed by industry-leading patents. The company’s Hybrid Arcade Wager-based Gaming platform blends GLI 11-compliant, skill-based, Class II (coming soon) and Class III gambling with the uninterrupted entertainment of arcade-style play.

With a growing library of 19 games, 15 of which were released last year, the company continues to deliver innovative, entertaining fun for everyone. Synergy Blue’s games showcase multiple gaming styles, including multiplayer, touch-screen, joystick, trackball, arcade gun and driving-style play. Several titles also are available on a bartop multi-game version. The company has placed games and software applications in six different countries (and counting). Whether working with tribal properties or corporate casinos, Synergy Blue takes a partnership approach in dealing with operator clientele. After all, no one knows their own players, property and target demographic opportunities better than a casino’s own operations and marketing team. While the Synergy Blue team has expertise in skillbased gambling, they recognize that it’s the casino teams who are the experts of their own house. Together, they work hand-in-hand to identify which game titles, math models and floor locations will have the best success for that unique property. For more information, visit

w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 71


Tribal Government Gaming

2019 Directory

p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 72

Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation

Ho-Chunk Nation


27867 State Highway 21 Tomah, WI 54660 Phone: 866-880-9822 Casino size: 1,890 sq. ft. Slots: 100 GM: Greg Garvin

580 Fort Rd. Toppenish, WA 98948 Phone: 509-865-8800 Toll Free: 877-7COME11 Casino size: 70,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,550 Table Games: 20 GM: Letisha Peterson

WISCONSIN Class II & III Bad River Band of Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians

BAD RIVER LODGE & CASINO 73370 US Hwy. 2 Odanah, WI 54861 Phone: 715-682-7121 Toll Free: 800-777-7449 Casino size: 74,000 sq. ft. Bad River Lodge (50 rooms) Slots: 402 GM: Mitch Corbine Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa

GRINDSTONE CREEK CASINO 13394 West Trepania Road Hayward, WI 54843 Phone: 715-634-2430 Slots: 88 GM: Kim Martinsen Ho-Chunk Nation

HO-CHUNK GAMING BLACK RIVER FALLS W9010 Highway 54 East Black River Falls, WI 54615 Phone: 715-284-9098 Casino size: 38,000 Gaming Machines: 750 Table Games: 10 Bingo: 480 Seats EM: Greg Garvin Ho-Chunk Nation

HO-CHUNKGAMINGMADISON 4002 Evan Acres Rd. Madison, WI 53718 Phone: 608-223-9576 Toll Free: 888-248-1777 Casino size: 60,000 sq. ft. Slots: 1,240 GM: Daniel Brown Ho-Chunk Nation

HO-CHUNK GAMING NEKOOSA 949 County Rd. G Nekoosa, WI 54457 Phone: 715-886-4560 Toll Free: 800-782-4560 Casino size: 16,650 sq. ft. Slots: 600 Table Games: 12



Ho-Chunk Nation

HO-CHUNK GAMING WISCONSIN DELLS US3214 Hwy. 12 Baraboo, WI 53913 Phone: 608-356-6210 Toll Free: 800-746-2486 Casino size: 94,480 sq. ft. Ho-Chunk Casino Hotel (315 rooms) Slots: 1,100 Table Games: 45 Bingo: 600 seats Ho-Chunk Nation

HO-CHUNK GAMING WITTENBERG N7198 US Hwy. 45 Wittenberg, WI 54499 Phone: 715-253-4400 Casino size: 28,000 sq. ft. Slots: 821 Executive Manager: Fletcher Collins Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa

LAKE OF THE TORCHES BINGO 424 Little Pines Road Lac du Flambeau, WI 54538 Phone: 800-258-6724 Bingo: 450 seats Bingo Manager: Judith Birdsbill

Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians

LEGENDARY WATERS RESORT & CASINO 37600 Onigaming Drive Bayfield, WI 54814 Mailing: PO Box 1167 Bayfield, WI 54814-1167 Phone: 715-779-3712 Toll Free: 800-226-8478 Casino size: 15,000 sq. ft. Lodging (47 rooms) Slots: 260 Table Games: 4 GM: Kurt Schmidt Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin

MENOMINEE CASINO RESORT N 277 Hwy 47/55 Keshena, WI 54135 Phone: 715-799-3600 Toll Free: 800-343-7778 Casino size: 33,000 sq. ft. Menominee Hotel (150 rooms) Slots: 762 Table Games: 8 Bingo: 220 seats GM: Keith Tourtillott Sokaogon Chippewa Community

MOLE LAKE CASINO LODGE & CONFERENCE CENTER 3084 State Hwy. 55 Crandon, WI 54520 Casino size: 35,000 sq. ft. Mole Lake Lodge (75 rooms) Slots: 260 Bingo: 300 seats Table Games: 5 GM: Bryan Tate Stockbridge-Munsee Community


Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians

Oneida Nation

St. Croix Tribe of Chippewa



5939 Old 29 Drive Green Bay, WI 54313 Phone: 920-865-7919 Casino size: 23,060 Slots: 107 Oneida Nation



2522 W. Mason St. Green Bay, WI 54313 Phone: 920-494-4500 Toll Free: 800-238-4263 Casino size: 41,798 sq. ft. Slots: 784 Table Games: 8 GM: Louise Cornelius

4348 State Rd. 70 Webster, WI 54893-9249 Phone: 715-349-5658 Slots: 150 Tribal Chairman: Lewis Taylor

Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin

ONEIDA IMAC GAMING CENTER 2100 Airport Drive Green Bay, WI 54313 Phone: 920-494-4500 Casino size: 76,578 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 411 Bingo: 738 Seats GM: Louise Cornelius Oneida Nation

ONEIDA ONE-STOP PACKERLAND 3120 South Packerland Drive Green Bay, WI 54313 Phone: 920-496-5601 Casino size: 14,905 sq. ft. Slots: 93 GM: Michelle Peterson Forest County Potawatomi Community

510 Old Abe Rd. Lac du Flambeau, WI 54538 Phone: 715-588-7070 Toll Free: 800-258-6724 Casino size: 56,000 sq. ft. Lake of the Torches Hotel (101 rooms) Slots: 830 Table Games: 9 GM: William Guelcher


SEVENWINDS CASINO, LODGE & CONFERENCE CENTER 13767 W. County Rd. B Hayward, WI 54843 Phone: 715-634-5643 Toll Free: 800-526-2274 Casino size: 35,000 sq. ft. Lac Courte Oreilles Lodge (75 rooms) Slots: 628 Table Games: 10 Bingo: 600 seats GM: Kim Martinson



St. Croix Tribal Chippewa of Wisconsin

ST. CROIX CASINO TURTLE LAKE 777 US Hwy. 8 & 63 Turtle Lake, WI 54889 Phone: 715-986-4777 Toll Free: 800-846-8946 Casino size: 95,000 sq. ft. St. Croix Hotel (179 rooms) Slots: 1,083 Table Games: 22 GM: Drew Skeen

WYOMING Class II Northern Arapaho Tribe

789 SMOKE SHOP & CASINO 10369 Highway 789 Riverton, WY 82501 Phone: 307-856-9942 Casino size: 45,000 sq. ft. Gaming Machines: 257 CEO: Jim Conrad Northern Arapaho Tribe



Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa

30222 Hwy. 35 & Hwy. 77 Danbury, WI 54830 Phone: 715-656-3444 Toll Free: 800-238-4946 Casino size: 22,500 sq. ft. Slots: 488 Table Games: 12 GM: William Lapointe

12180 County Rd. A West Bowler, WI 54416 Phone: 715-787-3110 Toll Free: 800-775-CASINO Casino size: 70,100 sq. ft. Slots: 1,200 Table Games: 18 Bingo: 360 seats GM: Michael Bonakdar

1721 W Canal St. Milwaukee, WI 53233 Phone: 414-645-6888 Toll Free: 800-729-7244 Casino size: 780,000 sq. ft. Slots: 2,500 Table Games: 109 Bingo: 1,354 Seats GM: Rodney Ferguson

Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin

Forest County Potawatomi Community

ONEIDA CASINO 2020 Airport Dr. Hwy 172 Green Bay, WI 54313 Phone: 920-494-4500 Toll Free: 800-238-4263 Casino size: 115,288 sq. ft. Slots: 978 Table Games: 26 Bingo: 738 seats GM: Louise Cornelius

690 Blue Sky Hwy. Ethete, WY 82520 Phone: 307-335-8703 Casino size: 1,920 sq. ft. Slots: 168 CEO: Jim Conrad Eastern Shoshone Tribe

SHOSHONE ROSE CASINO 5068 Hwy. 287 Lander, WY 82520 Phone: 307-335-7529 Casino size: 16,000 sq. ft. Slots: 450 GM: Sheila Matt


Northern Arapaho Tribe

618 State Hwy. 32 Carter, WI 54566 Phone: 715-473-2021 Toll Free: 800-487-9522 Casino size: 68,000 sq. ft. Indian Springs Lodge (99 rooms) Slots: 530 Table Games: 9 Bingo: 250 seats GM: Stacey White

10269 Hwy. 789 Riverton, WY 82501 Phone: 307-856-3964 Casino size: 46,000 sq. ft. Slots: 783 Table Games: 10 CEO: Jim Conrad


p. 48 directoryRV:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:22 AM Page 73

Cold Lake First Nation

CASINO DENE Route 28 and Highway 897 Cold Lake, Alberta T9M 1P4 Phone: 780-594-7900 Casino size: 20,000 sq. ft. Slots: 252 Table Games: 9 CEO: Christina Radiff Alexis Nakota Sioux Nation

EAGLE RIVER CASINO & TRAVEL PLAZA Highway 43 and Highway 32 North Whitecourt, Alberta T7S 1P7 Phone: 780-779-2727 Toll Free: 888-913-2727 Slots: 250 Table Games: 12 Tribal Chief: Tony Alexis GM: Eris Moncur Enoch Cree Nation

RIVER CREE RESORT & CASINO 300 East Lapotac Boulevard Whitemud Drive and Winterbum Road, Enoch, Alberta T7X 3Y3 Phone: 780-484-2121 Toll Free: 877-377-7774 Casino size: 62,600 sq. ft. Slots: 1,000 Table Games: 39 COO: Vik Mahajan Stoney Nakoda First Nation

STONEY NAKODA RESORT & CASINO Highway 40 and Highway 1 Morley, Alberta T0L 1N0 Phone: 403-881-2830 Casino size: 70,000 sq. ft. Stoney Nakoda Resort (111 rooms) Slots: 250 Table Games: 15 CEO & CFO: Jim Gannarilli

MANITOBA Cree Nations

ASENESKAK CASINO Highway 10 Opaskwayak The Pas, Manitoba R0B 2J0 Manitoba R0B 2J0 Phone 204- 627-2250 Toll Free: 877-627-2267 Casino size: 20,500 sq. ft. Slots: 172 Table Games: 3 GM: Darcy Bolton

Whitecap Dakota First Nation

File Hills Qu’Appelle Tribal Council



4818 Portage Ave. Headingley, Manitoba R4H 1CH Phone: 204-832-1849 Slots: 30 GM: Diane McKinney

204 Dakota Dunes Way Whitecap, SK S7K 2L2 Phone: 306-667-6400 Casino size: 84,000 sq. ft. Slots: 620 Table Games: 25 GM: Gary Daniels

1401 N. Service Rd. East Swift Current, SK S9H 3X6 Phone: 306-778-5759 Casino size: 50,000 sq. ft. Slots: 150 Table Games: 6 GM: Trevor Marion


Saskatchewan Indian Gaming Authority

510 Broadway St. West Yorkton, SK S3N OP3 Phone: 306-786-6777 Casino size: 18,000 sq. ft. Slots: 225 Table Games: 7 GM: Charles Ryder

Brokenhead Ojibway Nation

SOUTH BEACH CASINO & RESORT One Ocean Drive Scanterbury, Manitoba R0E 1W0 Phone: 204-766-2100 Toll Free: 877-77-LUCKY Casino size: 40,000 sq. ft. South Beach Resort (93 rooms) Slots: 600 Table Games: 11 Tribal Chief: James Bear GM: Faysal Tur

Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations

GOLD EAGLE CASINO 11902 Railway Ave. North Battleford, SK S9A 3K7 Phone: 306-446-3833 Casino size: 39,000 sq. ft. Slots: 335 Table Games: 6 GM: Kelly Atcheynum

NORTHERN LIGHTS CASINO 44 Marquis Rd. West Prince Albert, SK S6V 7Y5 Phone: 306-764-4777 Casino size: 40,000 sq. ft. Slots: 520 Table Games: 9 GM: Richard Ahenakew


ONTARIO Waushushk Onigum Foundation

GOLDEN EAGLE ENTERTAINMENT FACILITY 49 Devils Gap Road Kenora, Ontario P9N 3X8 Phone: 807-548-1332 Bingo: 450 seats Tribal Chief: Chris Skead GM: Patrick Brett Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation

GREAT BLUE HERON CHARITY CASINO 21777 Island Rd. Port Perry, Ontario L9L 1B6 Phone: 905-985-4888 Toll Free: 888-294-3766 Slots: 545 Table Games: 50 Tribal Chief: Kelly LaRocca GM: Robert Katsavelos Six Nations of the Grand River

SIX NATIONS BINGO HALL 2585 Chiefswood Rd. Ohsweken, Ontario N0A 1M0 Phone: 519-753-3574 Casino size: 39,500 sq. ft. Bingo: 1,700 seats Tribal Chief: William Montour Bingo Manager: John Heathers

SASKATCHEWAN Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations

BEAR CLAW CASINO Highway 9, White Bear First Nation Caryle, SK S0C 0R0 Phone: 306-577-4577 Casino size: 15,000 sq. ft. Hotel (35 Rooms) Slots: 142 Table Games: 3 GM: Johnathan Pasap

Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations

2019 Directory


Swan Lake First Nation


Tribal Government Gaming


TBE Architects From Ordinary to Extraordinary


BE Architects is proud to be a Native American-owned firm, providing full architectural services, including master planning, engineering and interior design. Over the past 48 years, TBE Architects’ team of architectural and interior design experts has set high standards within the architectural industry, becoming one of the best-known casino-hotel architectural firms in America. The firm takes pride in maintaining its reputation for delivering even the most complex projects on time and on budget. By focusing energy and passion into “all hospitality all the time,” the team has developed a depth of experience unparalleled by any other Native Americanowned architecture firm. TBE Architects is honored by the opportunity to work directly with 116 tribes and First Nations, designing more than 200 unique casino projects and more than 400 beautiful hotels. Recently completed projects include expansion and renovations to both Harrah’s Ak-Chin in Maricopa, Arizona and the Quinault Beach Resort Casino in Ocean Shores, Washington. Leading the fine-tuned team of professionals are four principals: Chief Executive Officer Chief Boyd, who recently was recognized as the sixth recipient of the Pauline Murillo award for his lifelong dedication to promoting tribal sovereignty; President and expert in the field of cre-

ative hotel and casino design Rich Emery; Vice President Nick Schoenfeldt, nationally recognized for his skills in work-flow process and project management; and Creative Director David Nejelski, who is responsible for taking conceptual ideas and giving them substance. Since 1971, TBE Architects has been designing destination resorts, hotels and casinos for the hospitality and gaming industries. The firm’s vision for transforming these spaces from “Ordinary to Extraordinary” is founded in developing unique and exciting concepts and then tastefully integrating these ideas into projects in a way that amplifies the overall experience of clients and their guests. TBE Architects is an active Associate Member of the National Indian Gaming Association, the California Nations Indian Gaming Association, the Arizona Indian Gaming Association and the Oklahoma Indian Gaming Association. To learn more, visit or contact Linda J. Roe, vice president of client development, at 602-321-6207. w w w. tr i balg ov er nm ent gam i ng. com


p. 74 tribalSports:Layout 1 3/3/19 10:42 AM Page 74

Mix or Match Is sports betting a winning hand at tribal casinos? By Patrick Roberts

The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians gathered in October at the Pearl River Resort for the launch of the first sports book at a tribal gaming property


ribal attitudes toward sports betting vary widely from enthusiastic adoption to outright opposition. And it largely has to do with where the tribe is located and how it operates. Because of a presence in 13 of the 30 most populous states, tribal gaming will have a big say in where and how sports betting gets legalized. Those states include California, Florida, New York and Michigan, and represent over 40 percent of the population of the United States. One key factor in determining the influence of tribes in sports betting will be whether their existing compacts address sports betting already, or even contemplate it as a possible future game to be offered. If that’s not the case, tribes and states will have to negotiate. Normally, tribes are reluctant to renegotiate existing compacts because states often see this as a chance to demand a large percentage of their profits. Some states will require constitutional amendments. In other cases, tribes will interpret their existing compacts as allowing them to offer sports books. This was the case several months ago when the Santa Ana Star Casino & Hotel near Albuquerque, New Mexico began unilaterally offering sports wagering—without a consultation with the state. Because tribal casinos make such significant monetary contributions to some states, such as California and Oklahoma, they have built up a lot of influence with state government. It’s unlikely that gaming tribes would permit sports betting to exist off the reservation. And mobile sports betting seems to be problematic as well. John McCarthy, executive director of the Minnesota Indian Gambling Association, told Sports Handle, “Our major concern is the mobile gambling. We’ve been fighting that forever. Why would you get up on a 20-below-zero day and come out to the casino when you could just sit at home? We’re not opposed in any way to sports betting as an activity, but we are concerned about what mobile leads to.” The association’s position is that any mobile gaming is a negative, and since many tribes depend on their casinos to fund their governments, provide services and give them a sense of pride, this is a major concern. They have the attitude that once the camel’s nose is under the tent, the tent will collapse. Moreover, says McCarthy, the monetary benefits from sports betting are not that great comparatively. “We don’t think it’s a huge amenity.” He adds, “We’ve seen how it works. The first thing that starts to go is the live racing at racinos, then they go back to the legislature, and say, we’re not quite making it, we really need some machines, and then other groups come in and say, well, you’re bailing them out; I’m a farmer, so why don’t you bail me out?”

The Minnesota tribes insist that sports betting with mobile apps is a nonstarter. Last month, the Minnesota Indian Gambling Association sent a letter to the legislature saying that members “oppose the expansion of off-reservation gambling, including the legalization of sports betting.” Period. Washington’s tribes have the same stance. But in that state a tribal-only bill drew major opposition, and many other interests insisted that they wanted to be included, such as taverns, card rooms, OTBs and racetracks. Although many tribes do claim exclusivity of all forms of gaming, their argument is complicated by the fact that no existing compacts address sports betting by name. The tribes argue, however, that “sports betting” is embraced by the existing language, even if not named explicitly. But not all tribes are on the same page in Washington. Jerry Allen, a tribal elder of the Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe, admits “there’s not a consensus at all” in how to address sport books among gaming tribes. “It has to do with compacts and politics.” He adds, “In Washington, we only have 29 tribes, but some of the tribes are more conservative than others. It makes no sense to offer up a bill that doesn’t make sports betting accessible to everyone through mobile betting. It’s clear the public doesn’t want to get out of their own living rooms every time they make a bet.” The National Indian Gaming Association issued guidelines on how sports betting should be developed last year after the U.S. Supreme Court lifted the federal ban on sports betting. These principles include such things as that tribal sovereignty and the authority to regulate games must be acknowledged, and that sports betting revenues will be taxed. They insist that if sports betting is legal anywhere in the state it must be legal at tribal casinos. Most important from a tribal perspective is that sports betting not be seen as an excuse to reopen the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act for amendment.

Because of a presence in 13 of the 30 most populous states, tribal gaming will have a big say in where and how sports betting gets legalized. Those states include California, Florida, New York and Michigan, and represent over 40 percent of the population of the United States.



anyone can make a chair

not everyONE CAN MAKE you money

When you sit and think about it, it’s about the bottom line. That’s why we’ve spent more than two decades researching designs, fabrications, and interior materials to make your players as comfortable as possible, because research proves when player’s bottom lines are comfortable, they stay longer. And that makes your bottom line look as good as possible. Discover our bottom-line enhancing models today at

800.969.0999 | |

GGB Tribal Gaming Supplement.indd 1

U.S. Patent No. D829458

2/20/19 3:10 PM

Profile for Global Gaming Business

Tribal Government Gaming 2019  

An annual supplement of Global Gaming Business, TGG offers a directory of Native American casinos in the U.S. and Canada along with articles...

Tribal Government Gaming 2019  

An annual supplement of Global Gaming Business, TGG offers a directory of Native American casinos in the U.S. and Canada along with articles...