Blazer Newspaper Volume 41 Issue 3

Page 1

Over time there has been a slow progression in which body type is ideal for women. From Greece to the early 1900s when the ideal image was either curvy or sporty-,to now where you have to be skinny or curvy with a small waist.

Early body type ideals can be seen in Greek statues and European art. These women were very curvy with rolls and muffin tops. This was very attainable and could model a good majority of women’s natural bodies at the time.

Then jump forward to the 1900’s we can see the body type goals differed. We can see by the models of the time that there was a little bit of curvy, naturally slim bodies, and a lot of athletic bodies. These were not quite the majority but could be attainable and were not too far out from the average woman.

Now jump to what we see in today’s world. Celebrities and models are ridiculously skinny with big breasts and butts. This can be seen with models for Victoria Secret, and celebrities like Kim Kardashian.

The problem with today’s bodytype goals is that they are not attainable whatsoever. On average when women are very skinny, they do not have big boobs and a big butt. Conversely, women with big butts and breasts usually do not have a super small waist (a reminder this is the author’s estimated average situation, and does not apply to everyone).

highschool movies have teenagers who are played by grown women. In earlier times, teens were played by actual teens. This means that when kids watch high school movies instead of seeing kids with pimples and kids going through awkward stages, they see fully developed adults. Teens begin to think there is something wrong with them because they do not look like the full grown adults on shows and movies.

As a whole in today’s world, there is almost no representation of healthy and natural bodies of what teens are supposed to look like. This means that kids may build a negative body image, or even be bullied by other people for their completely normal and healthy reflection of a beauty standard for

image disorders.

Body dysmorphic disorder is a common product of toxic social media culture. According to the International OCD foundation one in 50 people are impacted with BDD. Those with this disorder feel defects with their physical appearance and have compulsive disorders. This could mean taking pictures to reassure themselves of an ideal physique or beauty standard. It has only worsened with the impact of social media.

and other media. This helped many young girls feel normal and happy in their bodies.

The Blazer Newspaper Then, Now and Later

To battle the negative effects of social media more people are using their platforms to spread body positivity. By using social media to show realistic and diverse versions of bodies and faces, more people begin to feel accepted. It is important to remember that all bodies are different and nobody is perfect.

Body image over the years has been through many changes and now, because of social media platforms like Instagram and Tik Tok, many young people and girls feel pressured to change or be a certain way. Now, the ideal body is a small waist, big thighs and perfect skin. This kind of body type has become the staple of the 21st century. As a nation, and a people, we have stepped back to what we have been striving for the past decade, women being confident and independent in their bodies. The change needs to be made with new role models and less use of social media.

a small waist and flawless skin or whatever the latest instagram models look like. However, this

and causes young women to feel appearances, leading to extremely

The Addicting Truth

Generational addiction affects almost every family in the U.S. and around the world. Many children and families are affected by addiction due to living in bad households or abusive homes. Addiction has been a problem for many generations and as it grows, it only gets worse in families.

This is happening because women who are models and celebrities have access to plastic surgery, which they can use to achieve the “ideal” body type. This is problematic because in all forms of media women look a certain way which is not possible to achieve naturally. This means that young girls, boys, and nonbinary teens are comparing themselves to things that they cannot possibly achieve naturally. This can lead to a lot of body image problems and even unrealistic expectations for what young teens should look like.

Social media itself is a gateway for filters, photoshop and unrealistic beauty standards. These features and tools allow people to enhance their appearance, giving them perfect faces and bodies. Specifically, snapchat spiked a rise in dysmorphia in appearances. People were striving to look like the most filtered versions of themselves.

Behind the screen lies young women and girls who strive to meet those beauty standards. Social media is not just a tool for creating unrealistic beauty standards, but sets the stage for comparison and competition.

Generational addiction can start in any generation that gets addicted to alcohol or other drugs. Studies have shown that 43% of adults that experience addiction have ancestors or older relatives who experienced addiction.

Young women and girls begin to feel inferior to the instagram models posing on their social media. Users have become fixated on like and comment counts only feeling validation from high activity on their page. Social media has become a toxic culture

Many may believe that climate change is a problem for the future, however, the earth has been warming at a rapid rate due to human activities since the mid-1800s. Since the 19th century the “greenhouse effect” has only become a more pressing issue.

Constantly Changing TrendsAlyssa Body Image Regression- Caroline

Over the past decade, body image has made multiple changes. However, one thing has always remained the same, the stepping back of positive body image. 110 years ago, women strided for a small waist, wearing corsets and other things to help achieve it. As the years went on, more and more people began to become more

Origins/Timeline- Hannah Womens’ beauty standards are constantly changing. Throughout the decades, there are changes on what is considered beautiful for women. One decade it might be looking as thin as possible, and another decade could be full curves. The cycle continues.

According to NASA there are four major gasses that contribute to the greenhouse effect including: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons. The gasses are major contributors to the warming of the earth. Burning fossil fuels, deforestation, transportation, spray

Even from the earliest times that are known to humans, there have been beauty standards for women. In Ancient Egypt the ideal woman was tall, small chested, wide shoulders, muscular, and had narrow hips.

Over the next 500 years that changed to what the ancient Greeks thought were considered beautiful. The ideal woman would have been fair skinned, full-bodied, rounded faces, and long wavy hair. In their culture physical beauty was a reflection

In the early years of the 21st century, many activists and women have started to bring more positivity towards all body types.

Different places and cultures also had an effect on what was considered beautiful. Different from in Egypt or Greece, the Chinese standards for women looked different. During the Han Dynasty, around 300 years after the Greeks had defined beauty, they saw their ideal woman as big eyed, slim waisted, with black hair and fair skin. In complete opposition from what

VOLUME 43 ISSUE 3 May GARDNER EDGERTON HIGH SCHOOL BLAZER the
Photo: Michele Cooper/DPIE Photo: Creative Commons Designed By Madeline Clark | Pictures By Michele Cooper and Creative Commons

time there has been a slow progression in which body type for women. From Greece early 1900s when the ideal was either curvy or sportywhere you have to be or curvy with a small waist.

From the Editors...

body type ideals can be seen statues and European art. women were very curvy with muffin tops. This was very attainable and could model a good of women’s natural bodies time.

jump forward to the 1900’s see the body type goals

We can see by the models time that there was a little bit curvy, naturally slim bodies, and athletic bodies. These were quite the majority but could be attainable and were not too far out average woman.

jump to what we see in today’s Celebrities and models are ridiculously skinny with big breasts butts. This can be seen with for Victoria Secret, and celebrities like Kim Kardashian.

problem with today’s body-type that they are not attainable whatsoever. On average when are very skinny, they do big boobs and a big butt. Conversely, women with big butts breasts usually do not have a small waist (a reminder this author’s estimated average situation, and does not apply to everyone).

who are played by grown women. In earlier times, teens were played by actual teens. This means that when kids watch high school movies instead of seeing kids with pimples and kids going through awkward stages, they see fully developed adults. Teens begin to think there is something wrong with them because they do not look like the full grown adults on shows and movies.

As a whole in today’s world, there is almost no representation of healthy and natural bodies of what teens are supposed to look like. This means that kids may build a negative body image, or even be bullied by other people for their completely normal and healthy

Today’s Standard- Madi Today, social media is the reflection of a beauty standard for women and

The ideal image of a woman is a small waist and flawless skin or whatever the latest instagram models look like. However, this beauty standard is unrealistic, and causes young women to feel dissatisfaction with their own appearances, leading to extremely low self-esteem.

I love being a student leader. As Editor-in-Chief I have so much opportunity to teach and learn something new everyday. I also appreciate the amount of creative freedom I have with the newspaper. Journalism has been an exciting adventure and I can’t wait to see what the future holds!

Body dysmorphic disorder is a common product of toxic social media culture. According to the International OCD foundation one in 50 people are impacted with BDD. Those with this disorder feel defects with their physical appearance and have compulsive disorders. This could mean taking pictures to reassure themselves of an ideal physique or beauty standard. It has only worsened with the impact of social media.

Alyssa Huffmaster

positivity towards all body types. This would include books, videos, and other media. This helped many young girls feel normal and happy in their bodies.

happening because women models and celebrities access to plastic surgery, they can use to achieve “ideal” body type. This is problematic because in all forms of women look a certain way not possible to achieve naturally. This means that young boys, and nonbinary teens comparing themselves to things they cannot possibly achieve naturally. This can lead to a lot of image problems and even unrealistic expectations for what teens should look like.

addition, most modern highschool movies have teenagers

Social media itself is a gateway for filters, photoshop and unrealistic beauty standards. These features and tools allow people to enhance their appearance, giving them perfect faces and bodies. Specifically, snapchat spiked a rise in dysmorphia in appearances. People were striving to look like the most filtered versions of themselves.

Behind the screen lies young women and girls who strive to meet those beauty standards. Social media is not just a tool for creating unrealistic beauty standards, but sets the stage for comparison and competition. Young women and girls begin to feel inferior to the instagram models posing on their social media. Users have become fixated on like and comment counts only feeling validation from high activity on their page. Social media has become a toxic culture and a breeding ground for body-image

To battle the negative effects of social media more people are using their platforms to spread body positivity. By using social media to show realistic and diverse versions of bodies and faces, more people begin to feel accepted. It is important to remember that all bodies are different and nobody is perfect.

I love being the print design editor because I love the creative freedom I get. Deciding themes, style guides, and making pages feel like me are some of my favorite things. The end product of the print editions is the reason I love newspaper!

Constantly Changing TrendsAlyssa Body Image Regression- Caroline

Ethan Hunting

Over the past decade, body image has made multiple changes. However, one thing has always remained the same, the stepping back of positive body image. 110 years ago, women strided for a small waist, wearing corsets and other things to help achieve it. As the years went on, more and more people began to become more independent in their bodies. Now, in the twenty-first century, women have begun to take a step back from what should be normal.

In the 20th century, women stopped striding for a small waist and eventually moved to a more normal body. Over time, many things began to affect how people perceived their bodies, including social media and celebrities. Children in schools and other places are shamed for their natural bodies because of the new standard of the perfect body. From having perfect skin, to being a certain weight, to emphasizing certain features, the list goes on.

Body image over the years has been through many changes and now, because of social media platforms like Instagram and Tik Tok, many young people and girls feel pressured to change or be a certain way. Now, the ideal body is a small waist, big thighs and perfect skin. This kind of body type has become the staple of the 21st century. As a nation, and a people, we have stepped back to what we have been striving for the past decade, women being confident and independent in their bodies. The change needs to be made with new role models and less use of social media.

Origins/Timeline- Hannah Womens’ beauty standards are constantly changing. Throughout the decades, there are changes on what is considered beautiful for women. One decade it might be looking as thin as possible, and another decade could be full curves. The cycle continues.

Even from the earliest times that are known to humans, there have been beauty standards for women. In Ancient Egypt the ideal woman was tall, small chested, wide shoulders, muscular, and had narrow hips.

Over the next 500 years that changed to what the ancient Greeks thought were considered beautiful. The ideal woman would have been fair skinned, full-bodied, rounded faces, and long wavy hair. In their culture physical beauty was a reflection of a beautiful mind.

I love what I do because of the people and the amount of creativity I am able to do. Each story is different and helps me become a better writer. The people that I get to see everyday make me laugh and help me be productive.

In the early years of the 21st century, many activists and women have

Different places and cultures also had an effect on what was considered beautiful. Different from in Egypt or Greece, the Chinese standards for women looked different. During the Han Dynasty, around 300 years after the Greeks had defined beauty, they saw their ideal woman as big eyed, slim waisted, with black hair and fair skin.

disorders.
started to bring more
May | Vol. 41 | Iss. 3 Table of Contents 4 A Final Goodbye 6 The Addicting Truth 8 A Woman’s Perspective 10 Why Don’t We Act? 12 Uncharted Territory 14 Break-up with Bailey 16 A Penny For Your Thoughts... 18 Busy Bee 20 Pop Culture: Then and Now!
Madeline Clark
2 | Designed By Madeline Clark

Over time there has been a slow progression in which body type is ideal for women. From Greece to the early 1900s when the ideal image was either curvy or sporty-,to now where you have to be skinny or curvy with a small waist.

Early body type ideals can be seen in Greek statues and European art. These women were very curvy with rolls and muffin tops. This was very attainable and could model a good majority of women’s natural bodies at the time.

Then jump forward to the 1900’s we can see the body type goals differed. We can see by the models of the time that there was a little bit of curvy, naturally slim bodies, and a lot of athletic bodies. These were not quite the majority but could be attainable and were not too far out from the average woman.

naturally. This can lead to a lot of body image problems and even unrealistic expectations for what young teens should look like.

In addition, most modern highschool movies have teenagers who are played by grown women. In earlier times, teens were played by actual teens. This means that when kids watch high school movies instead of seeing kids with pimples and kids going through awkward stages, they see fully developed adults. Teens begin to think there is something wrong with them because they do not look like the full grown adults on shows and movies.

My favorite part of being the social media editor is broadcasting the work of my fellow reporters. Inspiring and encouraging writers is something that I am passionate about and I love having the chance to do that with this role.

Now jump to what we see in today’s world. Celebrities and models are ridiculously skinny with big breasts and butts. This can be seen with models for Victoria Secret, and celebrities like Kim Kardashian.

The problem with today’s bodytype goals is that they are not attainable whatsoever. On average when women are very skinny, they do not have big boobs and a big butt. Conversely, women with big butts and breasts usually do not have a super small waist (a reminder this is the author’s estimated average situation, and does not apply to everyone).

This is happening because women who are models and celebrities have access to plastic surgery, which they can use to achieve the “ideal” body type. This is problematic because in all forms of media women look a certain way which is not possible to achieve naturally. This means that young girls, boys, and nonbinary teens are comparing themselves to things that they cannot possibly achieve

As a whole in today’s world, there is almost no representation of healthy and natural bodies of what teens are supposed to look like. This means that kids may build a negative body image, or even be bullied by other people for their completely normal and healthy bodies.

Today’s Standard- Madi

Today, social media is the reflection of a beauty standard for women and young girls. The ideal image of a woman is a small waist and flawless skin or whatever the latest instagram models look like. However, this beauty standard is unrealistic, and causes young women to feel dissatisfaction with their own appearances, leading to extremely low self-esteem.

I love being able to design pages for print. I get to have creative freedom with my designs to show my ideas and see them come to life. I also love collaborating with everyone else on staff and forming new friendships with everyone.

Social media itself is a gateway for filters, photoshop and unrealistic beauty standards. These features and tools allow people to enhance their appearance, giving them perfect faces and bodies. Specifically, snapchat spiked a rise in dysmorphia in appearances. People were striving to look like the most filtered versions of themselves.

standards, but sets the stage for comparison and competition. Young women and girls begin to feel inferior to the instagram models posing on their social media. Users have become fixated on like and comment counts only feeling validation from high activity on their page. Social media has become a toxic culture and a breeding ground for body-image disorders.

Body dysmorphic disorder is a common product of toxic social media culture. According to the International OCD foundation one in 50 people are impacted with BDD. Those with this disorder feel defects with their physical appearance and have compulsive disorders. This could mean taking pictures to reassure themselves of an ideal physique or beauty standard. It has only worsened with the impact of social media.

many things began to affect how people perceived their bodies, including social media and celebrities. Children in schools and other places are shamed for their natural bodies because of the new standard of the perfect body. From having perfect skin, to being a certain weight, to emphasizing certain features, the list goes on.

In the early years of the 21st century, many activists and women have started to bring more positivity towards all body types. This would include books, videos, and other media. This helped many young girls feel normal and happy in their bodies.

I love having a hand in helping the younger staff members embrace their love of news and journalism. I believe journalism is what I’m meant to pursue, in one way or another, and helping others recognize their talent is something incredibly rewarding.

To battle the negative effects of social media more people are using their platforms to spread body positivity. By using social media to show realistic and diverse versions of bodies and faces, more people begin to feel accepted. It is important to remember that all bodies are different and nobody is perfect.

Constantly Changing Trends-

Body image over the years has been through many changes and now, because of social media platforms like Instagram and Tik Tok, many young people and girls feel pressured to change or be a certain way. Now, the ideal body is a small waist, big thighs and perfect skin. This kind of body type has become the staple of the 21st century. As a nation, and a people, we have stepped back to what we have been striving for the past decade, women being confident and independent in their bodies. The change needs to be made with new role models and less use of social media.

Body Image Regression- Caroline

My favorite part about what I do is having the opportunity to share my passion for writing with others. I get to help staff learn how to improve their writing skills, and teaching them the ins and outs of the news writing process is a really great experience for everyone involved.

Over the past decade, body image has made multiple changes. However, one thing has always remained the same, the stepping back of positive body image. 110 years ago, women strided for a small waist, wearing corsets and other things to help achieve it. As the years went on, more and more people began to become more independent in their bodies. Now, in the twenty-first century, women have begun to take a step back from what should be normal.

I loved running ads and raising money for the school. It felt like I was running my own business and seeing the printed copies brought me great accomplishment.

Origins/Timeline- Hannah Womens’ beauty standards are constantly changing. Throughout the decades, there are changes on what is considered beautiful for women. One decade it might be looking as thin as possible, and another decade could be full curves. The cycle continues.

Even from the earliest times that are known to humans, there have been beauty standards for women. In Ancient Egypt the ideal woman was tall, small chested, wide shoulders, muscular, and had narrow hips.

Behind the screen lies young women and girls who strive to meet those beauty standards. Social media is not just a tool for creating unrealistic beauty

In the 20th century, women stopped striding for a small waist and eventually moved to a more normal body. Over time,

Over the next 500 years that changed to what the ancient Greeks thought were considered beautiful. The ideal woman would have been fair skinned,

Myles Johnson Hannah Irwin Caroline Clarke Lillian Campbell
Amara Whited | 3
Designed By Madeline Clark

Teachers Say Their Final Goodbyes to GEHS SCHOOL

An end to a school year normally means there will be some change. This year many teachers and parts of the staff will be leaving the Gardner Edgerton family.

Robin Schrack, Gardner Edgerton’s library media specialist, who has been part of many different organizations like Knots of Love, Building Leadership Team, Building SYSOP, and Library Latte. She has also held the position of District IMC Coordinator. She is leaving the district after working here for 15 years.

Schrack is excited for the future, and looking forward to new experiences and adventures that come with a new job.

While she is excited she did say there are things she would miss.

“I raised my kids in the District so there will be a lot of things that I will miss,“ Schrack said. “When you have dedicated 15 years of your career to a school there will be things that are hard to leave.”

She has strong beliefs in pushing kids to their full potential.

“You all have potential,” Schrack said. “Realize that those teachers that push you to meet your full potential see that in you and care about you as an individual. They want to see you succeed.”

For her goodbye to the students, Schrack recommended a poem called “The Station” by Robert Hastings.

She said the lesson in this poem was to enjoy where we

are right now in life instead of waiting for the next big thing.

George Buckingham, Gardner Edgerton’s custodian or caretaker of the building, is also leaving this year after 13 years.

He is excited for a break so he can spend more time doing what he enjoys.

“[I plan on] just spending a lot of time with my grandkids and playing more golf,” Buckingham said.

Buckingham also explained what his favorite thing at GEHS is and that he would miss the students the most. He also had advice for the students.

“Try to be happy and help people when they are not,” Buckingham said. “Just try to love each other.”

As for his final goodbye, Buckingham explained that he’d hate to think about anything being final.

Another teacher leaving is Amy Hughes, a freshman physical science teacher. She has coached the girls golf team, a member of Link Crew, and she helps with Girls That Code. Hughes has been in the Gardner district for 19 years.

After leaving GEHS, Hughes plans on getting a job where she can work part time.

“I plan on having another job, but I want a job that I can work part-time at home with a little bit more flexible schedule,” Hughes said. She also explained that she is looking forward to adventures and traveling in her future.

Hughes’ favorite thing about this school was the

people.

“We have great faculty, and we also have a really great group of kids here,” Hughes said. “[I’ll miss] the teachers I enjoy working with.”

As for a final goodbye she wanted to say thank you.

“Thank you for letting me spend the last 19 years here. I’ve had a great time and appreciate it. Peace and love,” Hughes said.

Another teacher leaving is Allison Hirons. She is a Chemistry teacher that has been here for one year. After leaving she is planning on continuing to teach Chemistry at Blue Valley High School.

For her final goodbye, Hughes wanted to thank everyone for making her 1 year here a memorable one.

“Thank you for making my one year here a great experience,” Hirons said. “I enjoyed my time here, and I am sorry it couldn’t last longer.”

Another teacher that is leaving is Nora Schoenthaler. She is leaving after teaching Language Arts for 4 years at GEHS, but 31 years in total. She has also been a co-sponsor for the National Honors Society. She has many plans for her future.

“I am looking forward to having more time to travel,” Schoenthaler said. “I already have a trip to California planned in October to attend a music festival and a trip to New York City in November to see the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade.”

Schoenthaler also explained the things she will miss.

“After teaching for so long, I will miss my students more than anything else,” she said. “I will also miss my colleagues and my friends. Our lunches and hallway talks kept me going when days were difficult.”

She wanted the students to know that she appreciates the memories she had.

“Over the years, there have been hundreds of students and hundreds of memories,” Schoenthaler said. “Fortunately, I have had many more happy and positive memories than sad ones, so if I could say anything to all those students, it would be thank you.”

GEHS’ choir director, Kelli Baker, is also leaving this year. She has been teaching here for 6 years, and plans on spending the next 3 years at The University of Kansas as a research assistant while she pursues her Doctoral Degree in music education. Her goal is to become a professor at the collegiate level to help support future music educators.

Baker has a lot of things in her future that she is looking forward to.

“I am looking forward to being able to focus on my education. I will also be singing in choir while at KU, so it will be nice to be a performer again,” Baker said.

She also explained what her favorite thing is about GEHS.

“My students, hands down. There is something so special about the choir program at GEHS, and I love being a part of the non-

4 | Designed By Alyssa Huffmaster May | Vol. 41 | Iss. 3
NEWS

judgemental atmosphere that it provides,” she said. “The students are so supportive of each other and there will be nothing that touches my heart in the way that these singers do.”

Baker also explained that the teachers here have had the biggest impact on her.

“The teachers and staff at GEHS have had a huge impact on me,” she said.

“The staff here care about their students, and

even if the students can’t understand it now, they’ll realize in the future that every teacher had their best interest at heart and they set high expectations for them because they believed that they could do it…It’s so much more than a curriculum, and I see teachers making significant relationships with students. They amaze me.”

For a final goodbye Baker had a lot to say.

“Open your eyes and

notice people. I mean, really notice people,” she said. “You will never regret being kind. Your time at GEHS is so much more than your grades, test scores, ratings, homework, etc. Build connections with people that you wouldn’t normally hang out with. Embrace people’s uniqueness insteading of laughing at it. Go to as many activities, functions, concerts, musicals, plays, games, meets, and clubs as you

Fashion Trends Through Time PACKAGE

possibly can... Enjoy every moment and every person while you are a student at GEHS.”

Some teachers have already left during the year like Mrs. Stoneking, Dr. Yoo, and Mr. Hall. Mr. Biggs is leaving, but plans to return. Mrs. Bouwens is also leaving. Time passes quicker than people might think, so cherish your time during the small moments.

Taking a look at fashion’s biggest trends and fads in the last century with Fashion Trends teacher, Becky Dimmit.

Fashion has changed all throughout history. Fashion trends teacher, Becky Dimmitt, shares some thoughts about fashion history.

Since she has been around for a while, Dimmitt knows her way around fashion trends.

“My knowledge of fashion history is partly because I’m old.” said Dimmitt, “So I remember wearing white go-go boots in sixth grade. I remember the Hippie fashions of the 60s.”

Dimmit has learned more about fashion trends from being a teacher.

“I’ve learned a lot this year because I’ve been teaching this class called fashion trends,” said Dimmitt.

Fashion trends have changed drastically over the decades. People used to dress a lot more classy compared to the most recent styles.

“I’ve come to realize how many different trends have happened in the last, you know, 30 to 50 years

and…there really have been a lot of changes…” said Dimmitt, “Well, in the 1800s, everything was very formal and people were very covered. In the 1900’s…and now in the two thousands, I would say the biggest trend is we are becoming more and more casual in our clothing,” said Dimmitt.

Fashion has made a huge impact on history. Dimmitt shares the impact of the 20th century becoming the start of the women’s movement.

“I love to look at fashion from the 1920s… the flapper look… I think it was very fun and, and it was sort of the beginning of the women’s movement… women started to feel like they could express themselves through their clothing and wear what they wanted to wear,” Dimmitt said.

Lydia Brown has personal experience from this century’s fashion trends from going to highschool from 2014 to 2018.

“…I went to high school

in…2014 to 2018…in early high school, I think a lot of bright colors were also in style. Ballet flats were kind of in style too,” Brown said.

Brianna Kear has knowledge of some recently passed fashion trends.

In Kear’s high school years ripped jeans and skinny jeans were very popular. Also, high waisted Nike short were a prominent trend. A few other styles would include floral kimonos, yoga pants, floral headbands, and Sperry’s.

Although trends change, there are some trends that “recycle” and become popular again. Dimmitt has some more understanding of this topic.

“There are only so many ways you can cut a skirt or a jacket. So little little things are tweaked about a style, but the main form stays the same and we …just pick it up and reuse it,” Dimmitt said.

Dimmit has her own predictions in the future fashion industry

“I think we will continue

to see casual clothing be very popular,” Dimmit said.

Dimmit hopes for people to become aware of the impact the fashion industry has on the planet.

“More emphasis on ecology, especially worldwide and in the United States.” Dimmitt said, “We’re pretty conscious of those things. We don’t allow pollutants to be put into our rivers and streams.”

While fashion changes throughout time there are a few elements of fashion that are considered timeless.

“I think that there are elements that are timeless, like, some colors are considered more traditional, more formal, you know, like navy and black and, you know, deep rich colors.

So there’s some things like that, that I think, I, I don’t see that changing, you know, I think that that’s consistent. I think the use of things that are shiny to look dressy, formal fun. You know, that’s, that’s probably pretty timeless.

| 5

The Addicting Truth HARD NEWS

Generational addiction affects almost every family in the U.S. and around the world. Many children and families are affected by addiction due to living in bad households or abusive homes. Addiction has been a problem for many generations and as it grows, it only gets worse in families.

Generational addiction can start in any generation that gets addicted to alcohol or other drugs. Studies have shown that 43% of adults that experience addiction have ancestors or older relatives who experienced addiction.

According to The Twin Lakes Recovery Center, children

tend to repeat what their parents or guardians do. This can lead to the children having behavioral problems and more. Living in these conditions and experiencing parents with addiction can cause the children to grow up and have mental health issues including PTSD, depression, bipolar disorder and suffer from the same addiction. These mental illnesses and problems can also be inherited throughout generations.

Many people have to live with people who have addictions or grow up with people who have had addiction. In the U.S., over 15 million people suffer from alcohol addiction.

“At the time it just felt normal,” Jane Doe, who wishes to stay anonymous, said. “I did not realize that my family was different from

other families.”

Children grow up thinking that having addiction to alcohol is normal, or any other addiction.

“I did learn very early that I had to be self-sufficient and take responsibility for myself,” Doe said.

Many people have to go through multiple cycles of living with addiction, from growing up around it to being married or with someone who is an addict.

“It was Isolating,” Doe said. “It felt like I couldn’t relate to anyone and it affected my social life, it also affected how we raised our children and how they grew up.”

Many people feel that they can’t reach out or are embarrassed that they live in certain situations. According to the National Institution on Drug Abuse, most people are embarrassed or scared to ask for help out of a situation because of the stigma of drug addiction. In Jane Doe’s family, both of her parents and their parents suffered from drug addiction.

“It has affected my

family’s relationship and stability over the years,” Doe said. “It has also affected how I communicate with my family members.”

Many people don’t realize that their family over multiple generations has addiction problems which can lead to that person inadvertently falling into addiction. Sometimes both sides of a family can suffer from addiction which can lead to a higher chance of their children being addicts.

“It terrifies me,” Doe said. “It scares me that my children and their children have a high chance of becoming an addict without realizing it.”

Many people believe that everyone should be educated and made aware of generational addiction and people that live with it.

“Education, communication, and restrictions for alcohol for young people,” Doe said.

“Reduction of advertisement for drugs/ alcohol. Reduction in the glorification of drug and alcohol use in the media.”

If you or anyone you know suffers from any type of addiction, don’t be afraid to reach out and get the help you need.

6 | Designed By Hannah Irwin

Genetics are the reason that every human is different from each other.

Hair color and eye color are determined by both parents’ dominant and recessive genes, however not just someone’s physical appearance is affected by genes mental disorders are as well.

Mental disorders affect the behavior, thinking, and mood of the afflicted person. The same mental disorder also appears differently in different people with the same disorders.

“Such disorders include autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), bipolar disorder, major depression and schizophrenia,” The National Institutes of Health (NIH) said.

An experiment done by Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) scanned the genetic markers in people who have mental disorders and those who don’t to see if there are any differences.

HARD

By Triela Kurkowski

“As reported online in the Lancet on February 28, 2013, the scientists screened for evidence of illnessassociated genetic variation among over 33,000 patients,” The NIH said. “All had been diagnosed with at least 1 of the 5 disorders. A comparison group included about 28,000 people who had no major psychiatric diagnosis.”

Genetics play a role in causing mental disorders but it isn’t the only cause of them. Environment also plays a role in the development of mental disorders.

“These include biological factors (e.g., brain trauma),

psychological factors (e.g., stressful events), and sociocultural factors (e.g., poverty),” The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said.

Genetics are one of the many things that factor into mental disorders developing; it is a big cause.

May | Vol. 41 | Iss. 3
It’s in My DNA: Genetics and the Effects on Mental Health NEWS 7 | Designed By Hannah Irwin

STAFF EDITORIAL

Over time there has been a slow progression in which body type is ideal for women. From Greece to the early 1900s when the ideal image was either curvy or sporty-,to now where you have to be skinny or curvy with a small waist.

Early body type ideals can be seen in Greek statues and European art. These women were very curvy with rolls and muffin tops. This was very attainable and could model a good majority of women’s natural bodies at the time.

Then jump forward to the 1900’s we can see the body type goals differed. We can see by the models of the time that there was a little bit of curvy, naturally slim bodies, and a lot of athletic bodies. These were not quite the majority but could be attainable and were not too far out from the average

big boobs and a big butt. Conversely, women with big butts and breasts usually do not have a super small waist (a reminder this is the author’s estimated average situation, and does not apply to everyone).

This is happening because women who are models and celebrities have access to plastic surgery, which they can use to achieve the “ideal” body type. This is problematic because in all forms of media women look a certain way which is not possible to achieve naturally. This means that young girls, boys, and nonbinary teens are comparing themselves to things that they cannot possibly achieve naturally. This can lead to a lot of body image problems and even unrealistic expectations for what young teens should look like.

In addition, most modern times, teens were played by actual teens. This means that when kids watch high school movies

something wrong with them because they do not look like the full grown adults on shows and movies.

As a whole in today’s world, there is almost no representation of healthy and natural bodies of what teens are supposed to look like. This means that kids may build a negative body image, or even be bullied by other people for their completely normal and healthy bodies.

Today, social media is the reflection of a beauty standard for women and young girls. The ideal image of a woman is a small waist and flawless skin or whatever the latest instagram models look like. However, this beauty standard is unrealistic, and causes young women to feel dissatisfaction with their own appearances, leading to extremely low self-esteem.

Social media itself is a gateway for filters, photoshop and unrealistic beauty standards. These features and tools allow people to enhance their appearance, giving them perfect faces and bodies. Specifically, snapchat spiked a rise in dysmorphia in appearances. People were striving to look like the most filtered versions of themselves.

Behind the screen lies young women and girls who strive to meet those beauty standards. Social media is not just a tool for creating unrealistic beauty standards, but sets the stage for comparison and competition. Young women and girls begin to feel inferior to the instagram models posing on

their social media. Users have become fixated on like and comment counts only feeling validation from high activity on their page. Social media has become a toxic culture and a breeding ground for body-image disorders.

Body dysmorphic disorder is a common product of toxic social media culture. According to the International OCD foundation one in 50 people are impacted with BDD. Those with this disorder feel defects with their physical appearance and have compulsive disorders. This could mean taking pictures to reassure themselves of an ideal physique or beauty standard. It has only worsened with the impact of social media.

To battle the negative effects of social media more people are using their platforms to spread body positivity. By using social media to show realistic and diverse versions of bodies and faces, more people begin to feel accepted. It is important to remember that all bodies are different and nobody is perfect.

Over the past decade, body image has made multiple changes. However, one thing has always remained the same, the stepping back of positive body image. 110 years ago, women strided for a small waist, wearing corsets and other things to help achieve it. As the years went on, more and more people began to become more independent in their bodies. Now, in the

Beauty Standards: A Woman’s Perspective Through Time 8 | Designed By Alyssa Huffmaster May | Vol. 41 | Iss. 3

places are shamed for their natural bodies because of the new standard of the perfect body. From having perfect skin, to being a certain weight, to emphasizing certain features, the list goes on. In the early years of the 21st century, many activists and women have started to bring more positivity towards all body types. This would include books, videos, and other media. This helped many young girls feel normal and happy in their bodies.

Body image over the years has been through many changes and now, because of social media platforms like Instagram and Tik Tok, many young people and girls feel pressured to change or be a certain way. Now, the ideal body is a small waist, big thighs and perfect skin. This kind of body type has become the staple of the

woman was tall, small chested, wide shoulders, muscular, and had narrow hips.

Over the next 500 years the ideal woman would have fair skin, a full body, rounded face, and long wavy hair. In their culture physical beauty was a reflection of a beautiful mind.

Different places and cultures also had an effect on what was considered beautiful. Different from in Egypt or Greece, the Chinese standards for women looked different. During the Han Dynasty, around 300 years after the Greeks had defined beauty, they saw their ideal woman as big eyed, slim waisted, with black hair and fair skin.

In complete opposition from what everyone previously said was beautiful for women, in 1400 - 1700

the Italian Renaissance redefined beauty. Their ideal women was full in the hips, with rounded stomachs, and very fair or pale skin. They were full bodied as they were taught to serve their husbands. This generally stayed the same until the 1900s in the U.S where beauty trends began to change by the decade. In the 1920s the ideal women had flat chests, curveless bodies, and boyish features. This was also the decade where shorter hair started becoming more popular which was in opposition from ancient standards where long hair heavily defined beauty.

This had completely changed in the 1930s1950s, this was called The Golden Age of Hollywood. The standard became the hourglass figure with large curves in the hips and chest and a small waist.

Then comes the 1960s and 1970s where peace and love became the motto for many people. The ideal woman during this time was thin with long legs. The goal was to look younger with childish physiques.

During the 1980s curves came back into style but with a more athletic look to them. The ideal woman was tall and slender with toned curves. This then flipped to a nearly unhealthy thinness with very fair skin in the 1990s.

This all comes back to the present where women’s body standards are changing constantly. Generally women are supposed to have the hourglass figure, with flat stomachs, and skinny without being thin. Everyone has their own perception of what beauty is and what beauty should be.

The ideal woman has always revolved around the male gaze. What is attractive is deemed by men. Therefore women end up

trying to appeal to the almost impossible male gaze.

Large companies in the media that sell products are controlled by men. A major example is Victoria’s Secret which has for decades been showing the ideal women’s bodies through its fashion show and limited size selection. This company that was supposed to be for women is run by a man and his male gaze.

Many movies and shows have male producers. Movies and shows portray women in a very specific way. The movies and shows portray how women should act and look based on what the male producer thinks they should. This means in real life women are held to that standard and when they are different they can be harassed.

On social media when women do not appeal to the hyper specific male gaze they become body shamed. A couple of examples from recent years are Billie Eilish and Selena Gomez. When Billie Eilish was seen in a tight tank many men took on to body shame her from her lack of a thin waist. Then at a recent awards show Selena Gomez had gained weight from her teenage years (which is healthy and a grown woman’s body is supposed to look different than their body did as a teenager) and she was heavily bullied online for not having the “ideal body”. There is no such thing as a perfect body. Body standards are constantly changing and are viewed differently to different people. Our society needs to think about how we can solve the issue of eating disorders and other mental illnesses to focus on achieving healthy bodies, not ones that take sickness to achieve.

| 9

Why Don’t We Act? A Perspective on Climate Change

Climate change is escalating at a higher rate than ever before. It is imperative that we act.

Many may believe that climate change is a problem for the future, however, the earth has been warming at a rapid rate due to human activities since the mid-1800s. Since the 19th century the “greenhouse effect” has only become a more pressing issue.

According to NASA there are four major

gasses that contribute to the greenhouse effect including: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons. The gasses are major contributors to the warming of the earth. Burning fossil fuels, deforestation, transportation, spray propellants and more release these very gasses on a daily basis. The gasses slow outgoing heat causing the planet to warm.

In the 19th century Victorianera scientists predicted the “greenhouse effect”. According to Daily upon their first experiments,

scientists discovered CO2 could warm the planet. 100 years of industrialization later and the planet is warming at a rapid rate putting many habitats, and species at risk.

Global warming is affecting the planet with a rise in sea levels, sea ice loss, heat waves, and more natural disasters. According to NASA droughts, wildfires, and extreme rainfall are happening faster than scientists predicted. Now, some of these changes will be irreversible over the next hundreds of thousands of years.

NASA claims the Arctic, for example, is likely to become completely ice-free by late summer. This will cause a major loss of habitat and ecosystem for the native species to the area. Also, the land in the area would shrink significantly. With a rise in sea levels, the ocean would begin to cover the earth.

However, the Arctic is not the only concern. Climate Change has also contributed to more droughts and heat waves all over the globe. According to NASA, droughts in the

10 | Designed By Alyssa Huffmaster | Graphic By Madeline Clark May | Vol. 41 | Iss. 3

HOW CAN I HELP?

Reduce, Reuse, Recyc el

Recycling and repurposing materials can help reduce the amount of greenhouse gasses released into the atmosphere. It will decrease the need for virgin materials that can damage the climate from needing to extract those virgin materials.

Carbon emissions are released when driving a car that are damaging to the atmosphere. Walking, biking, or taking public transport can improve the air quality.

Eat more veggies

Producing plantbased foods generally results in fewer greenhouse gas emissions and requires less energy, land, and water.

When food begins to rot it produces a tremendous amount of methane. Getting only as much food as you will eat is more helpful than you may think.

Don’t waste Walk! Bike! Bus!

Sidebar Information By United Nations | 11

Uncharted Territory: Being First Generation PACKAGE

The overlooked struggles and solutions regarding bein first-gen

Family history can impact a lot in life, but one aspect it can affect is education. Whatever level of education your parents and their parents got can determine your access and ability to get a proper education.

Being first-generation means your parents and their parents have not gone to college, this can affect more than you would think.

According to StudyInternational only about 7 percent of first generation college students attended a private university as 23 percent of students with college educated parents went to private universities.

The gap between firstgenerational and non-firstgenerational students is huge. Not only can this be seen in private school acceptance but it can also be seen in rates of dropout.

StudyInternational there are other disparities between first-generation students and students with collegeeducated parents. Another example is that only 14 percent of students with college-educated parents dropped out but a third of first-generation students dropped out.

There is a mass surplus of first-generation college students who have to drop out due to struggles they face. This has one major root

cause.

The article StudyInternational says students with collegeeducated parents are more likely to graduate from college, this is because firstgeneration students do not

that causes first-generation students to drop out is financial struggles.

According to StudyInternational firstgeneration students are more likely to come from a lower economic background

all scholarship opportunities,” Plankenhorn said.

This is a great way to get assistance if you are first-generation. At GEHS there are multiple counselors who know what applying for college and scholarships is like and what is needed to apply. There are also counselors at colleges so when you go to college you can also reach out to them for renewing scholarships or transferring college

“So my advice is don’t rush to go to a four year college if that’s not gonna be your plan, if you struggled academically in high school college may not be your window to the future as well,” Plankenhorn said.

can help them with the trials of college. Things like renewing scholarships, tutoring, resources, your thesis, internships, and what networking is and how to do it. All of these things can make college very difficult which is why so many firstgeneration students have to drop out.

Ryan Plankenhorn is a former first-generation student and current psychology and world history teacher. Learning how to balance school and fun can be difficult. Another struggle

money and support to cover the costs of college which leads to them having to drop out.

Not always, but on average first generation students come from lower economic situations which also causes problems with affording college. Which is made worse because they struggle with financial problems and do not know how to get aid for colleges that could be helpful to them.

“I would say to them to look for financial resources if they need it. Check with their counselors and look for

There is no shame in going to a community college first if you are worried about costs. Going for a legacy or prestigious college isn’t out of reach, using the resources available will help with that process.

12 | Designed By Addie Reiter May | Vol. 41 | Iss. 3

PACKAGE

Advice from the Ancients: Class of ‘23 Give Their Parting Wisdom

Outgoing

Seniors give their final advice for students of the future

Charli McGill: “I think my only piece of advice is just to take whatever classes interest you, no matter what they are. Get out of your comfort zone a little bit, you never know what you might find enjoyable. Also, make friends in all of your classes, because you never know when you will have to do a project together. Always respect your teachers and be kind to them, that way they are willing to help you when you need it later.”

Amara Whited: “Mind your business. Just mind your business and relax.”

Kyle Oatman: As a freshman, I wish I knew better timemanagement skills and better study habits. What annoys me most about our high school is how disrespectful some people are towards the staff and facilities in the building. My favorite classes that I took are AP Physics 1 and 2 and Anatomy and Physiology

My proudest moment in high school would probably be competing at

state last year for track and this year for football. I wish I would have taken more classes in the ATC building.”

Sahaira Mora Ramirez: “Just join everything. Join all the clubs, the sports, anything you would even slightly be interested in.”

Ethan Hunting: “Stay quiet. Stay out of the way. Keep moving in the hallways. Stick to your own. Don’t test them. That’s it.”

Isabella Rankin: “Get your homework in, do it all, don’t procrastinate”

Bruce Taylor: “Just give minimum effort. At least get D’s or C’s, don’t give up on your classes.”

Avery Williams: “Don’t procrastinate homework and keep on top of it”.

Nalleli Roth: “Keep walking in the hallway, don’t stop, and make sure you walk on the right side.”

Christopher Brush: “I would say, um, just focus on school a lot and make sure you study at least an hour every day.”

Ruben Pino-Martinez: “Find a good balance between school life and personal life.”

Paige Schesser: “Keep your friends close. Keep the ones that’ll stick by you because high school is rough and having people around you makes it a lot better.”

Keegan Neff: “Don’t stand in the middle of the hallway and turn in your work, also go part time if you can!”

Von Finkenbinder: “Stop macking on each other in the hallways.”

Zach Jewell:“Ah the first two years of high school, the years everything burned to the ground (metaphorically of course).

COVID-19 cut my Freshmen

Year short and made my Sophmore year a living nightmare, but even so, I still experienced them. Going into high school was a surreal feeling, it was like I finally grew up, and to be real, I kind of did. The early years of high school are a little tough, but honestly the most important years of high school. Allow me to share some advice I have gained

from over the years, in the form, of a list.

1: Do your homework. Oh I know, so cliche of me to say it because everyone and their mother tells you the same thing, but seriously, just do your homework and you’ll be fine.

2: Make a few good friends. Don’t do the cliche movie thing and try to become friends with everyone, make 1 - 2 really good friends, keep them close, and you WILL survive high school.

3: Explore your interests. My biggest regret as a Freshman and Sophomore was not taking different electives, of course, I did take classes I loved, which is always a good option, but I wish I had taken some other classes to expand my interests earlier on.

4: Don’t worry about fitting in. Everyone in high school, forever and more will never “fit in.” Fitting in is just a stupid expression for people to say when they don’t like the same things other people are interested in. Be yourself, don’t worry about anyone else, you will find your people eventually.

Freshman and Sophomore

Year are for you to explore yourself, make life-long friends, and to learn how to become an adult. Take it slow, and take it easy. These two years will be some of the most interesting times of your life.”

Designed By Addie Reiter | 13

Breakup With Bailey COLUMN

A love expert’s (not really) take on modern-day flirtation and courting

Dating is like taking your old wired earbuds out of your pocket for the first time in a minute. A tangled, confused mess of emotions such as frustration, anticipation, eagerness, and agitation. You start out attempting to sort out all the messy feelings, then you easily give up when it becomes too difficult. Luckily, a lot of the teenage experience in dating happens to consist of similar issues that always have solutions.

Q: What if I’m in love with someone and I just cannot get with them?

R: No matter the situation, trying is always going to be worth it.

Q: She said they were just friends, she broke up with me, and now they’re together.

Q:

: Attempt to bring a fourth person to even out the number of people. If that doesn’t work, have her get caught up in a dance circle so you can have some much-needed time with your boyfriend. : How do I start talking to someone? : Start a simple conversation any two people can have, then as you guys ease into it be direct in what you think and what your intentions are. This has a 95% success rate. : What’s the best way to communicate clearly with my partner?

R: Cut them both off, simple as that.

I have a crush on someone, we hang out everyday and he shows he’s interested. One of my friends also likes him, she’s really kind and I don’t want to ruin our friendship. What do I do?

Q: This dude I’m dating has a girl best friend and I was cool with her at first but now she wants to come with us to prom. I don’t want her there the entire time. What should I do?

R: Making a playlist on Spotify, Taylor Swift most likely has a song for any situation.

14 | Designed By Myles Johnson | Graphics By Myles Johnson May | Vol. 41 | Iss. 3

From The Balcony COLUMN

An honest opinion of Google’s top song of each decade for the past century

Cuban Moon - Carl Fenton’s Orchestra (1920)

The first thing I noticed when I pressed play on this jazzy piece was the amount of static in the recording. While I know this is telling of its time, I had mixed feelings about it; one part of me wished my ears would stop feeling like they’re being filled with bubbles and the other part felt more immersed in the music because of the background crackle. The nostalgia reminded me of Robin Hood and the Aristocats. After the song was finished, that melody stuck in my head for a long time....

If I Didn’t Care - Ink Spots (1939)

My chest lifted with the beginning hum of this song. The first man to sing had a lovely broadway-style voice that filled me with the urge to dance. The backing track lacked a bit of flare, but the main singer made up for it with vocal acrobatics that sent me into a different state of being. His vibrato reminded me of Glinda from the Wizard of Oz but better, and his tone was incredible as a high tenor with notes in the mid-soprano range.

You Always Hurt The One You Love - The Mills Brothers (1948)

The beginning riff of this song sent me to a tropical beach somewhere. The singer had a great tone and I felt entirely relaxed for the first half of the song. Then,

about halfway through, it had a little jazzy breakdown and the lyrics were repeated with much more snap crackle pop, if you know what I mean. Harmonies joined for a little barbershop quartet section near the end. All in all, a very entertaining bop, even nowadays.

At The Hop - Danny and the Juniors (1957)

Complete different angle than the past few generations! This music reminded me of 50s, that’s for sure. It lent itself to dance moves like the Twist and seemed like something that should be played in Hairspray. However, the music style slowly got more repetitive than interesting the longer I listened. Nothing super interesting happened after the initial bop-tothe-top moment I received from the music combination’s serotonin.

I’m A Believer - The Monkees (1967)

The verses that start the song were bland and formatted in a basic way with no true substance, but the song itself was one that stuck in my head until I had to wash my ears with bleach to get it out (figuratively not literally). I completely zoned out when I was listening and was not very impressed with the overall enthusiasm besides the high-energy guitar and synth. It’s really not worth listening more than once like some of the others on this list.

Bohemian Rhapsody - Queen (1975)

We all know Queen is a revolutionary band of creators that were not only eccentric but musically genius. The combination of music styles in this specific example of their work is striking and somehow still smooth, from the operatic section to guitar solos to a sudden soft outro. Bohemian Rhapsody is such a staple in the modern music industry, seeing as its unlike anything that existed then or nowadays. I have little to say besides the fact that this song is that of some wicked cool sirens.

Take On Me - A-ha 1985

I will be brief in my slander of this song, mostly because I can’t stand the fact that every other result that appeared when I Googled were fantastic examples of 80s music (Whitney, Guns and Roses, the like) but I swore an oath to only pick the first result that came up. This song was the same as both the ‘50s and ‘60s songs just in a different font, specifically one that reminded me so much of the beach that I smell ocean spray.

The Sign - Ace of Base (1992)

I had no idea this song was by a Swedish band. As soon as the little alien beat came into the picture I started bopping. As for the song itself, I think it’s overplayed for a popular ‘90s song. All

I love it for is the nostalgia that hits because we all know this song not from the radio, but from Pitch Perfect. The last minute of the worst part because octave jumps are just not my favorite, plus it sounds like the band was beating some metal trash cans and thought it sounded good.

Toxic - Britney Spears (2003)

Besides the fact that Britney is an absolute diva, this song has me in a trance. It’s so familiar and strange at the same time, from the way the country twang to the orchestral sound (finally, some recognition for the strings!)On top of that, the way the words mixed with each instrument and found a rhythm to follow that somehow works… Toxic is a masterpiece far ahead of its time. I feel like out of any of the eras thus far, this piece was the best representation of its era.

Get LuckyDaft Punk (2013)

While I was surprised this was the “most popular song” from the 2010’s, I do see the appeal. The harmonies in the hook were giving me life. The lyrics were any male singers’ idea of a good piece. That said, I still really enjoyed listening to it because the music was so jammin’ I could ignore the semi-lackluster storyline The punk/techno breakdown in the middle was unexpected but welcome. If this song is not in Just Dance yet, it needs to be immediately.

5/5
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3.5/5
4.5/5 2.5/5

COLUMN

Black Market Economics: Generational Recession

The economy is going towards a recession. Here’s what can happen next and why that may be the case according to economic history.

The current United States economy is concerning. The inflation rate started to vastly increase, beyond two percent, around March 2021. The rate reached its peak at around nine percent which is the highest rate in recent years

before starting to go down. The current inflation rate, as of March 2023, is five percent which is four percent lower than the peak. Like most things in the economy, the exact cause of this is disputed and politicized.

The Federal Reserve’s low interest rates of loans to banks increases the bank’s incentive to give out more loans. This increases the supply of money in the country thus increasing

inflation.

In order to combat inflation, the federal reserve has to increase interest rates in order to put less money into the economy and in general slow down economic activity. This usually leads to a recession. A recession happening is disputed, however, the probability of a recession happening in the United States is estimated at around 58% to 64%, and if a recession does happen, it is predicted to be short and small.

The United States has been through about 48 recessions since the Articles of Confederation. The most well known among these recessions is the Great Depression from 1929 to 1939. The main causes of this depression was the stock market crash of 1929, low international trade, and massive bank failures all of which were caused by intervention. The stock market

Great Depression to Now

16 | Designed By Alyssa Huffmaster May | Vol. 41 | Iss. 3
It is highly unlikely that the predicted 2023 recession is going to turn into a depression. The Great Depression has similar causes and was made worse during the event.

crashed in 1929 because of an economic bubble that encouraged inventors to continuously buy. The economic bubble was caused by loose monetary policies that increased the amount of money and credit. The inflation caused prices to rise in which investors assumed the business was doing well, so they bought more shares. When the investors realized that the value was lower than they thought, they started to sell their shares rapidly at any price. This is a case of a boom and bust. The stock market has crashed recently in 2020 due to the pandemic. It’s unknown if it will crash again, but it will lower during a recession, minor or major.

The vast decrease of international trade was caused by a peak of protectionism, which in turn was caused by the Hoover Administration’s Hawley-Smoot Tariff. The Hawley-Smoot Tariff raised tariffs to excruciating levels that foreign trade practically ceased. It

was passed in order to protect American jobs and farms from foreign competition. In response, other countries started to decrease their own imports with tariffs and quotas. Even without tariffs and quotas, other countries decreased their overall imports because of their lowered exports. American exports fell by about four billion dollars. This affected American farming the most which collapsed as a result.

According to international trade statistics for February, the U.S. exports decreased about eight and a half billion dollars, and the imports decreased six billion dollars. It’s highly unlikely that the world economy is going to crash in 2023, but world indices are decreasing in value.

The banking crisis was caused by the farming collapse and was made worse by increased nationalism following the world economy’s downturn. Once farming collapsed, their main creditors, rural banks, started to as well. About two thousand banks collapsed with depositors losing about one and a half billion dollars in seven months. Surviving banks

changed their operations in order to survive. Most notably, the banks sold bond holdings on a weak market. The situation was made worse when foreign bonds started to rapidly decrease which collapsed the foreign bond market. In 2023, a total of three banks failed. This increases paranoia within depositors, decreases global bank stocks, and will lead the U.S further to a recession.

All of these causes started to turn the U.S towards depression. Although, they weren’t enough to make a large recession last for nearly eight years. That was caused by even further intervention which tried to fix everything.

The Hoover Administration blamed the private market, so they increased Federal public works programs and added price stabilization in agricultural areas. Around this time, unemployment reached about 12 million. In order to stabilize the federal budget, the Revenue Act of 1932 was passed. This doubled the income tax rate and increased a variety of taxes which include corporation, gasoline, and gifts. This only furthered decreased incentive to spend.

After the Hoover Administration, Franklin Delanor Roosevelt took office. In order to discourage and stop hoarding, he seized every citizen’s holdings of gold. This vastly decreased the value of the dollar at around 40

percent. Today, people don’t have much gold to seize, but the U.S. dollar has been decreasing from high inflation compared to the two percent rate of fiat currencies.

In order to help the industrial sector, Roosevelt implemented the National Recovery Administration which is meant to impose codes for fair working conditions, wages, and hours. With the NRA, Roosevelt implemented the President’s Reemployment Agreement which called for a minimum wage, no youth labor, and a 35 hour work week. This was meant to increase the purchasing power of the dollar. It mainly increased business expenses and caused more unemployment. To help the agricultural sector, the First Agricultural Adjustment Act was passed which tried to raise farm income by improving distribution and paying farmers not to plant anything. This was paid by a new processing tax. The combination of the NRA codes and the processing tax vastly decreased production. The Supreme Court will later deem the NRA and AAA unconstitutional in 1935 and 1936 respectively.

Looking back on the Great Depression is important to see how economic stability can collapse so terribly which can be used to change the present, so a depression never happens again. A small recession can start and be turned into a depression if it isn’t handled properly. The predicted 2023 recession is unlikely to be a depression, however, intervention and mishandling could make a recession much worse than it originally was.

| 17

The Busy Life Of Barb McCormick FEATURE

A busy bee shares how she does it all.

Barb McCormick is an art teacher who is involved in many activities and organizations. She is not only a teacher, she has other jobs and activities after school.

“Right now I teach basic design, jewelry, and advanced jewelry,” McCormick said. “With school I am department chair, I am on the building leadership team, I am incharge of one of our breakout groups which is for seminar. I do concessions which is like my part time so I make sure everything is stocked and set up. Then Outside of school I have my family with three wonderful children. I have a part time job at Orschelns and I have also started showing dogs again.”

She is super busy now but imagine a couple years ago when she had all of her kids in the house.

“I have three children, Kara, Kenzie, and Tray. They are 23 years old,” said McCormick. “They’re triplets. Kara and Kenzie have graduated college. Tray will graduate next fall.”

McCormick has taught many years at the Highschool plus all the middle schools in USD 231. She has met many students in her career and maybe even knows some of your relatives.

“This is my 32nd year.

I taught 19 years at middle school and then 13 years here. They have all been here in Gardner. I started at Nike when it was sixth, seventh, and eighth. Then I went to Wheatridge when it was seventh and eighth. Then I went to Pioneer when it was fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth and then the rest I’ve been here,” said McCormick.

Teaching has changed throughout the years like everything else has but McCormick still has a passion for it and loves to teach.

“I still love getting up and teaching. I love the fact that 2 of my kids are going to be teachers. It’s important, teaching and education is important,” said McCormick. “I think phones have been awful.

Technology has been good, phones have been awful. So it’s a love/hate thing. I think during covid some kids got used to doing nothing and I think they are having a hard time coming out of that.”

Everyone has different work ethics depending on what you do also impacts that. McCormick loves to work, but sometimes the students in her class don’t have that same hard work personality.

“You’ve always got kids who are motivated you’ve always got kids who all of the sudden the light bulb

comes on and then they are motivated and then you’ve got kids who got so much going on outside of school or whatever and they have a hard time being at school or focusing and starting and finishing and that’s what I think we have to tackle. How do we teach them to be motivated?”

There have been many trends throughout the years. Whether it’s clothing, food, music, or entertainment. McCormick has been teaching for a long time and so she has taught many students and seen different trends throughout the years.

“There’s always fashion trends. always fun to see.

There’s

music

cyclical, what was popular 20-25 years ago is popular again,” said McCormick. “Kids are still kids, they still get excited about a brand new box of crayons or they still get excited when they realize they can do something they didn’t think they could do.”

McCormick has seen a couple generations of students come through this school like millennials and Gen Z and hopes to see Gen

Alpha.

“I’m a baby boomer. I’m right at the end of it. Baby boomers are 1946-1964 and I was born in ‘65 but I am also going to say Gen X. I’ve always thought of myself as a baby boomer,” McCormick said.

There are many different opinions on how Generation Z is going to be when they grow up and are included in the government and adult things. McCormick is hopeful for the future.

“You have people who are motivated people who want to do better. I think an advantage that you guys have are like I got in this job and I stayed in this job for 30 some years and that’s not the trend anymore and now you get a job and then you figure out want you want to do and so you might jump from job to job every couple years every 3 years or something like that which is okay as long as you find stability,” said McCormick. “I think they’re going to struggle in doing their own taxes or knowing how to pay bills, knowing how to write checks, knowing how to balance stuff, just like the basic stuff. They are not as emphasized as they used to be.”

18 | Designed By Amara Whited | May | Vol. 41 | Iss. 3

Celebrating Earth Day In Today’s Society WORLD NEWS

Earth Day has its roots in political activism, but nowadays, Earth Day is celebrated across the world by everyone young and old.

Originally, professors across the nation participated in an “environmental teach-in” on April 22, 1970, where teachers and professors protested current environmental laws and regulations.

Today, people celebrate Earth Day by turning off household lights and electronics, going to marches, and taking part in environmentalist activities. Science classes at school have a great opportunity to educate students about Earth Day and ways to promote environmentalism.

Aaron Batterbee, a science teacher with a passion for nature, created a pollinator garden last year. The garden gave passing pollinating insects a place to rest and spread their pollen.

Not only does Batterbee maintain this garden with students, he also takes students outside to pick up trash for Earth Day.

Construction of this garden involved the students in Batterbee’s Field Biology class, which deals mostly with local nature. Using local flora to create a garden for pollinators allows endangered and important flowers and

plants to spread.

For Earth Day in Gardner, students and teenagers can participate in the annual Earth Day Celebration, where volunteers walk the most popular trails and pick up trash and other obstructions. Every year, this opportunity is available to those passionate about nature.

Although Earth Day is intended as a bipartisan holiday to celebrate nature and protect Earth, not everyone is interested. In 2022, Republican lawmakers gathered in late April to stop the 30x30 plan. The plan included protecting 30% of Earth’s land and 30% of the oceans by 2030.

The state governor of Nebraska Pete Ricketts rejected the plan and sent a personal letter to President Joe Biden to inform him of his discontent. Along with Ricketts, David Bernhardt of the Trump administration and Colorado Representative Lauren Boebert joined as keynote speakers.

Despite the divisive nature of Earth Day, it’s still possible to celebrate at home. Many people use Earth Day as a time to turn off electronics and lights for an hour to save money and energy.

For deeper involvement, many groups and organizations will create marches and parades for climate change and environmentalism. Groups

like the Sunrise Movement can organize locally to combat climate change, raise awareness, and provide companionship.

Locally, nature organizations and movements are always helping out in their neighborhood. It doesn’t have to be Earth Day for you to volunteer for nature.

Designed By Amara Whited | Pictures By Asher Brown Durand | 19
From it’s roots as a protest for teachers and college, to today as a challenge to turn off your lights.

1900s when the ideal image either curvy or sporty-,to now you have to be skinny or with a small waist.

Origins/Timeline- Hannah

POP CULTURE THEN AND NOW

body type ideals can be seen Greek statues and European art. women were very curvy with and muffin tops. This was very attainable and could model a good of women’s natural bodies time.

jump forward to the 1900’s we the body type goals differed. see by the models of the that there was a little bit of naturally slim bodies, and a athletic bodies. These were

1920sTechnology

body image problems and even unrealistic expectations for what teens should look like.

addition, most modern highschool have teenagers who are by grown women. In earlier teens were played by actual This means that when kids high school movies instead of kids with pimples and kids

Womens’ beauty standards are constantly changing. Throughout decades, there are changes on what is considered beautiful for women. One decade it might be looking as thin as possible, and another decade could be full curves. The cycle

Even from the earliest times that are known to humans, there have been beauty standards for women. Ancient Egypt the ideal woman was tall, small chested, wide shoulders, muscular, and had narrow hips.

Over the next 500 years that

flat chests, curveless bodies, and boyish features. This was also the decade where shorter hair started becoming more popular which was in opposition from ancient standards where long hair heavily defined

This had completely changed in the 1930s - 1950s, this was called The Golden Age of Hollywood. The standard became the hourglass figure with large curves in the hips

From
to the
women.
Greece
wrong with them because they do
20 | Designed By Hannah Irwin May | Vol. 41 | Iss. 3
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