Page 1


portfolio I

Page 3 of 74


portfolio p ortfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Location: Qormi, Malta Program: Integrated living for the elderly University: University of Malta, Bachelor of Architecture, Year3 __________________________________ Third Year University Competition Winner and featured at the LCUBEC23 Low Carbon Urban Built Environments Conference 2008 at Universitat der Bundeswehr in Munich.

EcoFriendly Habital For The Elderly This century a new phenomenon has emerged, which changed not only the structure of society, but has also generated new problems in the social sector. In terms of pensions and care-related services costs, the dramatic increase in the number/ratio of persons aged sixty and over has become a major global concern. This increase in the number of elderly has been brought about by the fact that more people are living longer because of the dramatic rise in standards of living seen during the twentieth century as a result of increasing affluence, and improvements in food, contraception, medical care and public health. The growth of interest in preventive health care is also likely to increase longevity. “Obviously the aspect of caring for the frail elderly will increasingly become a concern for the community as a whole as well as the family� (Stassen Berger, 1994:667) The building of a village for the elderly does not only help all stake holders but also the elders themselves. Social and economical expertise in this field together with quality builders and experience management will surely make this project not only one to look forward to but also of major success. The design aims to find a solution combining the social aspect of the residents together with its functionality.


portfolio I

Page 7 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Medical facilities and functions are hidden or incorporated in the furniture while there’s a great contrast between the private and public spaces, corridors are now streets where everyone has his own front door, doorbell and post box. Such details might seem minimal but definitely contribute to the overall ‘home’ feeling. The whole site is secure, safe, and accessible for everyone thus providing facilities which are specifically studied for the needs of the occupants. Situated in an old traditional Maltese town named Qormi, having a population of 16, 576 residents and facing problems related to heavy traffic, this project aimed to provide a car-free eco friendly habitat while at the same time solving most of the parking problems of the residents in the vicinity. The project was meant to minimize rock excavation thus achieving an underground service and parking network at the lower levels while terraces, roof gardens, a green open theatre and a fully pedestrian habitat enhanced the project’s natural and eco-friendly approach at the upper level. Being a self-sustainable habitat the design included also a water collection system, solar energy system and an innovative agricultural system incorporated within the overall design.


portfolio por rtfolio I

One of The Main Residential Blocks

Typical Residential Interior

Page 9 of 74


portfolio p ortfoliio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n


portfolio I

Page 11 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Location: University of Malta Campus Program: Interlinked multi-Level platforms using a combination of concrete and glass creating a landmark building. University: University of Malta, Bachelor of Architecture, Year3

Faculty of Architectural Design Architecture is a habitable sculpture, a three-dimensional painting through mass and light, shadows and textures. A true work of architecture is something produced by the people for the people and these fundamental principles provided the basics for the faculty design. This faculty was to study carefully the principles of the Bauhaus, and on such rules tries to examine the close connection between art and architecture through teaching. Offering a good model for architectural institution, the Faculy of Architectural Design strengthens and emphasises on the strong link between architecture and arts starting from its physical architectural characteristics.


portfolio I

Page 13 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Located at a prominent location at the University of Malta Campus, the new faculty design had to communicate all these fundamental rules not only through teaching but also through visual communication. Through its monochromatic purely geometric architectural language, the new faculty building aims to become an icon at the campus providing a visual landmark and an architectural statement.


portfolio I

Page 15 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n


portfolio portfol lio I

Page 17 of 74

Low Emissivity Glass System Double layer, low emissivity glass wall system made up of a gasochromatic outer layer with a porous film of tungsten oxide that lightens or darkens depending on the heat of the sun and whether anyone is in that space. An inner layer of liquid crystal-glass can beactivated for privacy or used as projection screen. A ventilated cavity between the layers is controlled by dampers that open during the day to remove heat buildup and closed at night for insulation.

Bauhaus Pattern Screen System m Inspired by the bauhaus textile e patterns the screen wall system provides ovides both shading and intresting shadows adows combined with a unique finish when images are projected on to the e facade during exhibitions.


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Chroma_ Art Hotel

Location: Bugibba, Malta Program: Innovative Hotel Concept with the basic aim to uplift the surrounding area and boost the national tourism. University: University of Malta, Bachelor of Architecture, Year4

Activities always on 24/7 providing both cultural and entertainment in an intertwined architectural expression, where traditional meets contemporary. This specifically done to enhance further the concept and overcome the existing fracture between art, culture and entertainment. Offering a 360o experience highlighting Maltese cultural heritage and Arts; basically promoting contemporary art in an interactive stimulating manner, thus introducing a new innovative concept art entertainment. The hotel is envisaged to work on various levels and it caters for both cultural and entertainment tourism. On the promotional level, encouraging the tourist to move out from the hotel and visit the actual various sites around the country. The design concept of Chroma Art Hotel features a look that changes with the clients’ mood. Light, being an easily adjustable medium, therefore takes the central role here. Through various light settings for the client to choose from, brilliant effects and projections are continuously changing the hotel facade. The hotel rounds off its health and relaxation facilities with special chromatic treatments and at the same time, through light, the client is giving an identity to the hotel itself becoming a continuously changing art installation.


portfolio por rtfoliio I

Page 19 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

level 8 - roof garden two diffrent gardens, the raw and simple sculpture garden and the lounge garden directly linked to health facilities.

level 3-7 - guestrooms five floors of mixed guestroom types, chroma therapy gives the hotel personality from the outside, elevation changes with clients and their mood. Rooms are fun and a bit witty. level 2 - elevated garden direct link from this level to the art centre, elevated open loung bar and multipurpose room.

level 1 - open piazza different soft and hard materials are combined providing a romantic city garden in the middle of Bugibba.

level 0 - link direct link from the lower level to the upper open piazza. Commercial outlets and hotel main approach

Lounge Bar, where ART and CLUBBING meet...


portfolio p orttfolio I

The GUEST ROOMS’ indoor lighting concept also defines the hotel’s outdoor appearance at night. The pattern of light projected from inside each and every room makes the windows appear like pictures on the facade, at the same time giving Chroma Art Hotel a striking, dynamic and boldly coloured identity - an truly `living‘ art installation.

Page 21 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

level 8 - roof garden two diffrent gardens, the raw and simple sculpture garden and the lounge garden directly linked to health facilities.

level 3-7 - guestrooms five floors off mixed i d guestroom t ttypes, chroma h therapy gives the hotel th i th h t l personality lit f from th the outt a grid structure interrupted at level 1 side, elevation changes with clients and their overlaid by a girder structure mood. Rooms are fun and a bit witty. level 2 - elevated garden direct link from this level to the art centre, elevated open loung bar and multipurpose room.

level leve le vell 1 - open ve open piazza pia p iazz ia zza zz a different hard materials combined diff di f er ff eren entt soft en soft and and h ard ar d ma mate teriririal te alss ar al are e co comb mbin mb ined in ed providing middle prov pr ov vid din ing g a romantic ro oma mant n ic nt c city citty garden g rd ga rden e iin en n th the he m mi idd d le of o Bugibba. B Bug ugib ug ib bba ba..

level lev le ve el 0 - link lilink nk direct lower level diirre d ect ct link liin nk from fro fr om m the the he llow ow o we err llev evel ev e tto o the upper open piazza. piia p azzzza za za. a. Commercial Comm Co mm m me errc ciiall outlets outle uttlets le ets and and hotel main approach prroa p oach h


portfolio I

Page 23 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

IdeaStore Location: Valletta, Malta (Capital City) Program: Replacement of a post-war building and integration of a contemporary multimedia and learning centre within a historical context University: University of Malta, Bachelor of Architecture, Year4

The concept of the Ideastore aims at providing a programme based on a new type of information and learning provision. Whilst integrated within the historic background of the capital city, the building was designed as a simple stack of flexible functions. This concept encourages local people to make the widest possible use of the facilities provided; a person who starts off by browsing in the audio-visual section might decide to accompany their child to the teen library or go see an exhibition which is currently being held. Both information and expression are key elements that bring the building as well as the surrounding area alive. Open all day and night, IdeaStore has to remain active during late hours of the day through exhibitions and late night learning sessions and discussions. Having lecture rooms, discussion areas and most of all an appealing architectural language, IdeaStore explores the ‘almost forgotten’ upper floors of the capital city, gives the opportunity to the visitor to appreciate our capital from the elevated floors having recreational occupying the highest levels of the building which can be used both day and night through live performances of local artists. The aim of IdeaStore is to urge the local people to both take in knowledge and information at their own free will, but at the same time, allow them to express themselves freely not only by means of art but also in various other possible ways.


portfolio p ortfolio I

Page 25 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

The main objective was to create a building, which being in contrast with the traditional baroque setting does not contribute to an urban dominant and does not overshadow the surrounding buildings. It tries to compose with the surroundings as much as possible, fill the existing streetscape and bring a new contemporary quality of architecture to this part of Valletta. The minimalist architecture respects the historical context and does not compete against it. Varying the planes and textures shadows are created, adding the third dimension to the elevation.


portfolio port tfolio I

Page 27 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

The open art studio is designed to house all those artists who wish to share their art with people and other artists. It can work independently from the rest of the ‘store’ having a seperate entrance but still linked with the main building. The open studio is given the feeling of an internal garden having double heights, natural light and a natural tree just like sketching outside with the great backdrop of Strada Tezorerija.


The Cafeteria overlooks the open art studio on the lower floor, deal for those having a quick snack, coffee or a drink while visiting the ‘store’. Dynamic, Casual and Contemporary, the design offers a contrast with the Valletta backdrop from the glazed apertures and a diffrent point of view from an upper floor.

portfolio I

Page 29 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Location: Fort Ricasoli, Kalkara, Malta Program: A Carefully designed framework for the re-establishment and conservation of Fort Ricasoli through the capturing of the spirit of the site in its physical, cultural, historical, social and spiritual sense. University: University of Malta, Bachelor of Architecture, Thesis Project

________________________________________________ Work Published and featured at S.A.V.E. Heritage, Safeguard of Architectural, Visual, Environmental Heritage International Forum of Studies (2011) organised by the universities of Napoli & Reggio Calabria in collaboration with the Italian National Commission for UNESCO.

FORT_ Centre for Intercultural Dialogue

Motion House The geographical location of the Maltese islands has long favoured cultural diversity, since antiquity, the islands played a strategic role in trade routes between Europe and North Africa, where merchants of different cultures, and beliefs came in contact with one another. Located at the entrance of the islands’ Grand Harbour, Fort Ricasoli welcomed or warded back strangers of our shores as politics dictated, since its construction in the latter decades of the seventeenth century. This Centre for Intercultural Dialogue at Fort Ricasoli materializes all these values into a physical space where fair trade, cross-cultural dialogue and right of movement, are exemplified for other projects to follow. This whole concept was broken down into a set of identities that constitute a culture; including place, gender, race, history, nationality, language etc. Each culture interprets these identifiers differently and this difference from one another is what constitutes FORT.


portfolio I

Page 31 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n


portfolio port tfolio I

Page 33 of 74


FORT established 7 ‘Houses’, each addressing a particular identifier so that different markers from different cultures can coexist. Situated just at one of the main opening to the fort and close to the Music House, Motion House offers an extensive educational and participatory program. Various workshops and classes of new dance skills together with a contemporary twist of physical theatre, Motion House definitely represents the informal, energetic and fun hub of FORT. Including an external performance space, where motion meets music and breathtaking visual experiences. A specialised Library and research area gives the opportunity for the students to further develop particular performance projects. Motion House provides an innovative non-alcoholic bar where once was the fort’s ‘temperance bar’, hence translating historical use to contemporary age. This zone of the fort was considered to be one of the most vulnerable points of attack in times of war and hence it was armed and defended just like an independent fort. With the basic aim of reinstating the space back to its original detachment from the rest of the fort, the new addition provides a new walkway alignment through which one is lead to all various links and levels available. The majority of the existing fabric was integrated within the design and translated to its contemporary use. Most of the existing physical links between the various levels were retained and those which were destructed were reinstated. The new intervention hosts most of the Motion House facilities, forming part of the memory of the fortifications and bridging over an existing drop formed due to rough sea. The basic concept was to make the idea of motion as visible as possible, Motion House brings visible the motion happening inside, internal becomes external and hence the structure strives not to look static but represent the heart of energy and fun of the fort hence transmitting the idea of energy, motion and interaction.

portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n


portfolio I

Page 35 of 74


portfolio p ortfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Location: Undisclosed Area: 30,000m² Š paulcamilleri & associates

Russian Boarding School The proposed master plan, consists of a linear arrangement of spaces contained by functional buildings, which range from two to three stories in height. The scheme resulted after a number of experimental forms were tested on site. This particular scheme was preferred due to the privacy it provides within its introvert piazzas which are in turn easily accessible through a straight forward linear axis arrangement. The site permeability is enhanced through a series of raised buildings. Site security is also enhanced as all access is through the academic and arts building. Given the low site coverage (approximately 22%), there are ample open spaces which helps the scheme to blend easier within the rural setting. Whilst the scheme would be taken through further consultation and design with the clients and stake holders, a number of concept sketches and artists impressions have been prepared to convey a flavour of how the proposed master plan could eventually look.


portfolio p ortfolio I

Page 39 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

The site measured aproximately 30,000m2 while the required facilities sum up to aproximately 14,000m2, internal floorspace, and 22,000m2 external. The limitation to a single storey would imply a 50% coverage of the whole site whilst the remaining free site still would not provide enough area for the external facilities required. At an average height of 3 floors and with an adequate use of the site topography, only 16% of the whole site area would be built, giving adequate space for the required external facilities. This would give the proposed development full means to exploit the site’s potential in terms of topograph, surrounding views and sustainability.


portfolio I

Page 41 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Location: Mellieha Bay, Malta Area: 14,000m² © paulcamilleri & associates

Luxury EcoSustainable Hotel The proposed concept of an eco-resort hotel, consists of a curvilinear arrangement of residential units constructed into the site’s slope grasping the full potential of the earth’s insulation and thermal mass both for heating and cooling purposes. Spread over four stories, the residential units are all at semi-basement conditions and only the upper floor is built above ground level minimising drastically the overall visual impact on such a sensitave site. A centralised main hotel building containes a range of administrative, reception and common areas linking all residential floors spread over two stories. The scheme resulted after a number of experimental forms were tested on the site’s characteristics. The chosen scheme was preferred due to the environmental sensability it provides within its eco-units which are in turn easily accessible, straight forward arrangement, and all designed with sensibility towards the site. The views from and towards the site were enhanced through open terraces and green roofing totally masking the development when seen from the beach or from a distance. Given the low effective site coverage, there is ample open space which, together with the green roof system, help the scheme to blend easier within the rural setting. Whilst this scheme would be taken further through, further consultation and design with the clients and stake holders, a number of concept artists impressions have been prepared to convey a fl avour of how the proposed design could eventually look.


portfolio p ortfolio I

Page 43 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Concept Massing and Rooms Arrangement


portfolio p ortfolio I

Page 45 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Typical Guest Rooms & Their Sustainable Characteristics

The rooms are inspired by the tranquility of the sea in front and characteristics of the site. Lots of wood and soft materials. Through simplicity and sofi sticated design, the rooms and suites transmit the feeling of good life, full of colour and deep connection with the natural characteristics of the hotel proposal.


portfolio I

Page 47 of 74


portfolio io f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Location: Ta` Qali, Crafts Village, Malta Program: Handcrafted Glass Store © paulcamilleri & associates

Glass Pavilion Located at Malta’s main Crafts Village in Ta’ Qali, the Glass Crafts shop forms part of a complex of structures all aimed to merchandise Maltese traditional craftsmanship and handmade products. With a carefully executed open floor plan, the store manages to impact passersby with eye-catching design elements within a small space. It’s most notable feature is the use of ‘rich’ marble and onyx stone surfaces, which include marble counters and display cases. White lacquer shelves line the minimalist interior which provides stunning contrast to the shiny elaborate and rather bold exterior. A timber and glass enclosed cubicle allows a space for storage and sanitary facilities, forming the only solid ‘cube’ behind the louvered shading roof which covers the store. To enhance the dazzling effect of the various glass creations sold in the store, numerous concealed light fixtures and diffused lighting was used to provide a bright eye-catching interiors during dark hours.


portfolio p orttfolio I

Page 49 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Site Photos

With a humble footprint of about 66m2 the glass pavilion is an extension to an existing shop housed at a pre-nineteenth century military hut which was later converted into a small shop during the early 1980’s. Unlike the high gloss tiles used in the old part, polished-concrete floors are to be used in the new store; this flooring adds to the industrial vibe of the mostly old military architecture found in the surroundings.


portfolio p ortfolio I

Page 51 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n


portfolio p ortfolio I

Page 53 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Store Floor Plan


portfolio p ortfolio I

Page 55 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Location: Bahar ic-Caghaq, Malta Program: Internal development, Residential Building © paulcamilleri & associates

Curva_ Residential Building Designed for a determinate and highly involved client, Curva is located in Bahar ic-Caghaq, Malta, the area is located at the mouth of the island’s longest valley called ‘Wied il-Kbir’ enjoying beautiful views of the countryside and sea views at the narrowest part of the building plot. The area is characterized by its mix of contrasting traditional and modern elements, as well as by its extensive references to the sea. With its distinct curvilinear shape and mix of exposed local material and contemporary elements, Curva was designed in such a way to enjoy views of the surroundings whilst, at the same time, introvert in its design gaining full potential of its limitations in size, shape and characteristics of the building plot. Both organic shape and orientation of the five-storey building have been chosen after thorough analyses of sun and noise conditions and according to the best views. The particular shape helps to ease wind effects as, in contrast to rectangular buildings, suction is prevented by the rounded edges. In addition, the recessed ground floor creates less impact on the street and on the adjacent buildings. The balconies are oriented so that they combine the most attractive views from the side over looking an elevated common pool area for all the residents which in turn optimizes the use of reflected daylight. The internal façades of this residential building consists of clear, transparent as well as closed, opaque elements. They convey a sense of great homogeneity as they have been developed with the same construction principles in mind. Continuous balconies and curved, wave-like roads recall the traditional narrow roads of Maltese villages.


portfolio p ortfolio I

Page 57 of 74


portfolio p ortfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Hi-tech functionality with a minimalist feel, intimate atmosphere designed with elegant, innovative materials like polished concrete, brushed stainless steel, glass and mirrors.

Location: Undisclosed Program: Bachelor Apartment University: University of Malta, Interior Design

Bachelor Apartment The design was tailored round the life of an architect in his early 30s at the peak of his career which when considering his busy life; his apartment is his refuge and an oasis of relaxation in the urban desert of life. His passion is cooking and loves to invite a couple of close friends for dinner and a bottle of wine in the weekends. Strong, independent and with a determinate character he knows what he wants and always managed to achieve his goals. Very strong bond with his family but when his carrier started he wanted to have his own ‘secret place’ even if he still depends on his mother to wash his cloths and help him clean his apartment once every 2 weeks. Apart from cooking he loves music and books. He literally loves books,physically, and has a collection of old manuscripts and special edition designer books inherited from his father who died when he was doing his finals at university. Music and films are the things he needs everyday and therefore sound round his apartment is a must. Happily engaged with a successful female architect, they are rivals at work and lovers at home, it’s not the first time she passes the night at his apartment. Being his ‘refuge’ for relaxation, the night and bathroom areas are as important as the living and kitchen area hence the apartment is divided between these two areas. Reflecting his strong character having nothing to hide, his relaxation quarters are one thing with the bedroom, no walls, no defined boundaries between the two, and his biggest relaxation therapy is listening to ethnic music with chroma therapy whilst having a bath. A pc is essential for him to keep updated with the world news and to read his emails 24/7 but he didn’t want a studio at home as he wanted to detach himself from work as soon as he opens his apartment’s door.


SPACE, LIGHT AND FREEDOM ARE THE KEY ELEMENTS THAT WERE USED TO CREATE THE PERFECT OASIS FOR AN ARCHITECT portfolio I

Page 61 of 74


portfolio p ortfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

A place where one could chill out after a hard and hectic day at the office.

The main feature of the apartment is its open-plan living space, which gives a sense of freedom and flexibility. The apartment is where one comes to relax and when having friends over the space will be comfortably used.. Comfort, as well as practicality, were the most important things that were taken into consideration and kept as a running theme throughout the apartment. The practicallity of the space continues throughout the whole apartment design and with the introduction of frameless glass curtain walls on both the front and rear of the apartment. This is perfect to the sumemr months which give the possibility to totally open the space hence linking the inside to the outside as a continuous single space.


The bedroom and bathroom are one quiete space meant simply to find tranquillity.

A floor to soffit glass screen seperates the bathroom from the bedroom, which also has a glass curtain wall enjoying a wonderful view. These frameless glass enclosures provide intresting reflections adding curiosity and spacial dynamism to the area, aided by the choice of the light scheme designed to create various moods. by comparison to the living area, the sleeping area is visually quieter.

portfolio I

Page 63 of 74


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

‘Times of Malta’

Newspaper Offices

Location: Valletta Malta Program: Conversion of an old Printing Press area into offices Š paulcamilleri & associates

After moving their printing press to a new building, the company was left with a fully functional open space which had to be converted into a new newspaper office with the least possible cost. The functionality throughout the space was a key element in its design and hence it was not reflected only in the printing areas but also within the new proposed facilities. The interiors were modelled in such a way to create a succession of enclosed spaces within one large open plan. Offices and sanitary facilities easily accessed from the main recreational central space. This project reflects an environmental friendly architectural integrity and a holistic approach towards renovation and design, which, the client sought to use as a corporate identity. The harmony and synchrony between the industrial and the architectural elements is a further confirmation of the fact that no detail was left unattended in order to offer both employees and potential visitors an exceptional example of aesthetic balance within an industrial working environment.


portfolio I

Page 65 of 74


portfolio p ortfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

FORT_ Program: Design of visual identity for Thesis Project & Presentation University: University of Malta, Thesis Group Date: June 2010

Visual Identity

Vision and Masterplan Simple on the cover but colourful on the inside, the 2 volumes express the projects sense of innovation and experience. Through colour people communicate different feelings, emotions and expressions and hence, being a centre for intercultural dialogue, FORT visual identity was based on striking colour coding and bold contrasts. Whilst volume 1 represented the search and understanding of Fort ricasoli, volume 2 focused most on the project proposed and the process behind. With the use of original photography and technical analyses, both volumes provided the ‘reader’ an overall walkthrough from the first analyses to the final project presentation.


FORT vision Volume 1

portfolio I

Page 69 of 74

FORT masterplan Volume 2

The Examiners’ Pack One of the greatest challenges when presenting an intensive study is the communication and the total understanding of the amount of work that was done to come up with the final design proposal. The examiners’ pack made this easier, including a short booklet and a digital copy of the FORT project, every examiner had the opportunity to familiarise himself with the proposed project, the proposed architectural identity and most of all the analyses and process leading to the final result.


portfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n

Fort Ricasoli_ Location: Birgu, Malta Program: Design of event poster, flyers and Invites Date: November 2010

Architecture Exhibition

Invite and Brochure Design Complimenting the overall event identity, the invite and brochure design followed the same principles and reflected the same visuals as represented in the event poster.


Event Poster Design Inspired by the strong bong between the Fort and war, the design was strongly influenced by military visuals and by the particular textures one finds on site. The use of red colour was used as an eye-catching tool and to evoke the idea of hazard and danger, representing the derelict condition the Fort is facing.

portfolio p ortfolio I

Page 71 of 74


portfolio p ortfolio f r a n c o i s m a n g i o n


Francois Mangion_ Portfolio  

Architecture Portfolio- Academic, Professional and Graphic Design

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you