LOGGING • SAWMILLING • BIOMASS SAWLINES Shredders & Grinders Skidders Forestry Machines Ponsse The Vikmans in Gällivare Ponsse Scorpion Five Years in Production John Deere McMillan Logging Florida Tigercat Investing in Silviculture
AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
THG WITH DEEP LEARNING CLASSIFIES A WIDE RANGE OF DEFECTS FOR THE HIGHEST ACCURACY AUTOGRADING SOLUTIONS
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LOGGING • BIOMASS
The latest generation of shredders & grinders are allowing operators to truly have it all
SHREDDERS & GRINDERS:
32 32 SKIDDERS
38 PURPOSE BUILT FORESTRY MACHINES
Two premier manufacturers of skidder technology are evolving their ranges to deliver more to operators and entrepreneurs
Two of North America’s heavyweight suppliers compare notes on recent developments in loggers, loaders and swing machines
AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
6 Logging News 56 Advertising Index
COVER: USNR - THG with deep learning Advances in high-speed computing have enabled us to apply Deep Learning to the image processors that feed our automated grading systems. The result is dramatically faster and more accurate grading solutions. Defects on this particular board are represented by the following colors: red=knots, blue=bark pockets, green=checks, and purple=skip.
takes automated grading to the highest level available today. In development since 2012, USNR’s Deep Learning is currently delivering results in 58 mills around the world, with applications in the sawmill using BioVision, and the dry mill with Lineal and Transverse High Graders.
LOGGING • SAW
MILLING • BIOM
Shredders & Skidders Fore stry Mac Ponsse The Vikmans in Gällivare
ASS AUGUST / SEPTE MBER
SAWLINE S Grinders hine s
THG WITH DEE P LEARNING
A WIDE RANGE OF DEFECTS FOR THE HIGHES T ACCURACY AUTOGRADING SOLUTIONS
Ponsse Scor pion Five Years in Productio n John Deere McMillan Logg ing Florida Tigercat Investing in Silvicultu re
www.usnr.com Scan for video.
The foundation of accurate grading is precise defect detection. Deep Learning International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 1
42 42 PONSSE - THE VIKMANS IN GÄLLIVARE
46 PONSSE SCORPION - FIVE YEARS IN PRODUCTION
The Vikmans have a burning desire to achieve results while having fun at the same time. They approach both forestry work and highspeed motor sports with this attitude.
The PONSSE Scorpion was first presented at the Elmia Wood Fair in Jönköping, Sweden, in the summer of 2013 and the model went into production six months later.
48 RAISING HELL - JOHN DEERE
53 INVESTING IN SILVICULTURE - TIGERCAT
Located near Panama City, Florida, Tate’s Hell State Forest is beautiful, yet forbidding. Predominantly swampland, it’s not an easy place to make a living by logging. Only a select few like Steve McMillan are up to the challenge.
Back in 2010, Tigercat visited silviculture contractor, Donald Robbins who collaborated with the company to modify a 610 series skidder to suit his requirements for a silviculture base carrier.
A U G U ST / S E P T EMBER 2 0 1 9
New motion controller increases throughput in Maxi Mill upgrade
Technology investments mark turnaround period for Tenon in New Zealand
Nova Scotia-based company Ledwidge Lumber has installed an updated Autolog Trimmer Optimizer with new controls
2 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
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SUBSCRIPTIONS Tel: +44 (0)1442 877 583 firstname.lastname@example.org Annual Subscription UK and Europe £160, €230 Rest of the world US$270 EDITORIAL T: +44 (0)1442 877 583 F: +44 (0)1442 870 617 www.internationalforestindustries.com 2 Claridge Court, Lower Kings Road Berkhamsted, Herts. HP4 2AF, UK Editorial Director John Chadwick email@example.com Editor Chris Cann firstname.lastname@example.org Editorial Board Dr Patrick Moore – Chairman and Chief Scientist of Greenspirit (Canada) Darren Oldham – Managing Director Söderhamn Eriksson (UK) Professor Piotr Paschalis-Jakubowicz – Warsaw Agricultural University (Poland) Mr Kim Carstensen Director General Forest Stewardship Council Eduardo Morales South American Forestry Consultant ADVERTISING AND PROMOTIONS Lansdowne Media Services Ltd Advertising Manager Phil Playle email@example.com Group Advertising Manager David Lansdowne firstname.lastname@example.org +44 (0)1442 87 77 77 Associate Editor Robin Peach email@example.com Advertising Production Enquiries Emma Smith firstname.lastname@example.org International Forest Industries is published by International Forest Industries Ltd, 2 Claridge Court, Lower Kings Road Berkhamsted, Herts. HP4 2AF, UK International Forest Industries (ISSN 1755-6732) is published bi-monthly by International Forest Industries Ltd GBR and is distributed in the USA by Asendia USA, 17B South Middlesex Avenue, Monroe NJ 08831 and additional mailing offices. Periodicals postage paid at New Brunswick NJ. POSTMASTER: send address changes to International Forest Industries, 17B South Middlesex Avenue, Monroe NJ 08831 © International Forest Industries Ltd 2007 – 2014 IFI uses, as preference, SI units throughout. All dollars are US unless otherwise stated.
EDITOR’S COMMENT US-China trade still functioning Current tensions are indicative of wider challenges for international business There has been much made of the trade war between the US and China. In these pages alone I have devoted a disproportionate amount of time to analysing the potential fall out from economic policies on both sides of the argument. But I have been wondering more recently whether the focus on this tit-for-tat confrontation is really to blame for as much of the economic stagnation as commentators – including myself – have assumed. For a start, the US economy had been trending lower for a period ahead of President Donald Trump’s insertion in 2017. Meanwhile, the 3% growth rate that was touched on briefly was never sustainable, having been built on unsustainable monetary expansion and debtfunded tax cuts. China was tracking a similar-if-not-more dramatic path. Having hit a peak GDP growth rate of 15.4% since the turn of the millennium, expansion has dropped to just 6.2%, currently. This is still strong growth on a big underlying number but it also represents a sharp pull back in the demand profile on which the rest of the world has come to depend. It’s also worth noting that those who hope the potential removal of Trump in 18 months may herald a change in tack are likely to be disappointed. A theoretical replacement is likely to have to match Trump’s largely popular hard line on China if they are to successfully ascent to the White House. As much as Trump is using China as a scapegoat for more deep-seated economic challenges for the US, business leaders the world over may be guilty of blaming the trade war for problems that were already obvious. The fallout between the UK and the rest of Europe is hurting the economies of around 30 nations, including half of the G8 group of nations. The politics in Russia, Turkey and Brazil have been undermining economic expansion for a while, too. Korea and Japan are at loggerheads, while India’s growth plans rely on securing a greater share of manufactured trade, which feels difficult in an increasingly nationalistic global economy.
4 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
News out recently, however, showed that, perhaps, it has been too easy to cite economic hurdles and lobby government to change policy to make life easier for business. Perhaps business leaders should be putting those energies into entrepreneurial growth efforts in building partnerships independently of trade deals. Sure, this is easier said than done – for some industries trading with certain partners is plainly illegal – but in many cases it is eminently possible. One snippet of news caught my eye recently by way of example. Major Chinese equipment group Guangxi LiuGong Machinery has signed an MOU with US group, Valvoline. The pair will form a strategic global alliance for lubricants, under which Valvoline will become the preferred provider of lubricants for markets outside of China. The attitudes of both company heads demonstrated a single-mindedness toward progress. Zeng Guang’an, Chairman of Guangxi Liugong Group and Guangxi Liugong Machinery: “Today’s announcement with industry leader Valvoline is another step in our mission to provide complete solutions to our customers,” said Zeng. Craig Moughler, Valvoline Senior Vice President of Product Supply and OEM: “We’ve established a strong relationship with LiuGong in many markets. We are looking forward to expanding this relationship and delivering solutions to LiuGong and their customers as they further expand their business globally.” The forestry sector has at its heart a more entrepreneurial spirit than most. I, for one, would like to see us thrive if others continue to play the blame game.
Enjoy Chris Cann
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LOGGING & BIOMASS NEWS
Tigercat factory support continues to grow in Australia Tigercat has announced that Nick Cate has been appointed to the position of product support representative for Australia. Based in Perth, Cate will focus on providing after-sales technical and operational support to Tigercat’s growing customer base in Western Australia. He previously worked for New Zealand Tigercat dealer, AB Equipment, as a field service technician and has a
strong background in engine reconditioning. Cate has a variety of practical experience with the Tigercat product-line and has completed Tigercat training related to skidders, harvesters, track carriers and forwarders. “Nick brings excellent hands-on technical skills to the Tigercat team with experience that will help us support and grow Tigercat’s customer base
in Western Australia. Nick is a valuable addition to the support team and we are very happy to have him onboard,” says Glen Marley, Tigercat district manager for Australia and New Zealand. After recently visiting the Tigercat factory Nick appreciates how Tigercat cares for its employees and how the company takes that same care all the way to its customers in the field. Nick explains why he is excited to work
for Tigercat stating, “Tigercat is one of the superior brands in the forestry world. The company is always trying to improve, and takes customer ideas seriously.”
John Deere to invest in customer service centers in Scotland, Sweden and Finland The new customer service centers supporting John Deere’s forest machinery business will open in 2020 in Perth, Scotland; Ockelbo, Sweden; and Laukaa, Finland. The investments will improve the geographical scope of our customer service and the efficiency of customer service. Construction work on the approx. 9000 m² plot in Perth, Scotland, has already started. The new customer service center will also serve the road construction machinery customers of Wirtgen, a company fully owned by John Deere. The new 1300+ m2 building will house a four-bay machine repair shop, a wash station, a spare parts and accessories store, a spare parts warehouse,
a conference room and social facilities for employees. The plot will also have a cold storage and space for new and used machines. This is a growth investment, so customer service will also remain at the current facility in Carlisle, England. The new customer service center in Ockelbo, Sweden, will replace the previous facility in Alfta. Construction of the new 1250 m² facility will start in June 2019 and will be completed in early 2020. Moving the location to Ockelbo will help the new center to provide service to customers beyond the Alfta area in Sweden. The center will have a fourbay machine repair shop, a
wash station, a spare parts and accessories store, a spare parts warehouse, and a conference room and social facilities for employees. The approx. 13,000 m² plot will also have a cold storage and space for new and used machines. The plot in Laukaa, Finland, is 10,000 m2, and the customer service center will exceed 1,100 m2. All functions from the current Suolahti site will be moved to Laukaa. The center will also have a four-bay machine repair shop, a wash station, a spare parts and accessories store, a spare parts warehouse, and a conference room and social facilities for employees. There will also be a cold storage and space for new and used
machines. Construction of the center has started with the earthmoving work, and the actual construction will begin in autumn 2019. “The central locations of the new customer service centers and the modern facilities will enable more comprehensive and efficient spare parts, maintenance and training services for our customers. Occupational safety, ergonomics and wellbeing for our own employees have been a priority in the planning of the investments. A better customer experience and higher customer satisfaction will also be visible in our machine sales in these regions,” notes Janne Märkälä, General Manager, Europe Sales Operations.
German log exports to China soar In January-May, log imports to China from Russia declined 26.2% y-o-y to 3.6 million m3 with import value dropped 27.2% to $439.8 million, according to China Customs data. U.S. log exports to
China fell 39.5% to 1.6 million m3, export value decreased 44.6% to $338.4 million. Share of Russia in Chinese log imports slid 4.97 pp to 14.3% and share of U.S dropped 4.16 pp to 6.5%.
6 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
From January through May, log imports to China from New Zealand expanded 15.4% to 7.4 million m3 with import value surged 13.2% to $1.04 billion. Australian log exports to China jumped 29.9% to
2.5 million m3, while average price declined 18.5% to $109 per m3. Log exports from Germany to China soared 243.0% to 959.0 thousand m3, average price fell 39.8% to $153 per m3. Total Chinese log imports slid 0.59% to 24.9 million m3, while average price decreased 12.1% to $169 per m3.
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LOGGING & BIOMASS NEWS
World-first robotic logging truck scalers The world-first two automated logging truck scalers, commissioned by Mount Maunganui-based ISO Limited, are now scanning logs at Port of Tauranga, New Zealand. The Robotic Scaling Machines (RSM) give a faster, safer and more accurate measure of logs on the trucks and trailers than the manual process. Tauranga-based agritech company Robotics Plus designed and built the automatic logging truck scaler using materials from several local suppliers. Robotics Plus co-founder Steve Saunders said he and his staff worked with ISO, which came up with the concept in 2017, and came up with a final prototype in just 12 months. “This is a technology company working with a well-established
local company looking into the future to actually solve these sorts of problems. I think we need a lot more of that in New Zealand,” Saunders said. The technology was now being rolled out across the country, starting with two scalers at the Port of Napier, then Gisborne and at Marsden Pt next year. ISO Limited’s chief executive, Paul Cameron, said the technology offers huge health and safety benefits to staff. “The robotic scaler measuring process eliminates exposure to hazards and moves those people into a safer environment,” he said. Cameron said the existing manual system used throughout the world requires people to hand scan the logs by climbing between trucks and trailers, taking up to 40 minutes. The robotic arm passes
over the logs taking between three and four-and-a-half minutes, he said. The automated process improves productivity not only for ISO but for the entire supply chain through to the port, and has created new skilled jobs, Cameron said. More than 200 trucks are processed through the site each day, so the machine offered a huge cost and productivity saving, as well as being far safer for staff, he said. Cameron, who would not be drawn on the cost of developing the new technology, said the benefits to the industry “far outweighed” the costs. Local suppliers, who contributed to the development of the RSM, were RFT Engineering (structural steel); Festo Linear
Photo: Andrew Warner
(guides and controllers; SICK NZ (safety systems, distance sensors); FLIR (imaging cameras); Mulcahy NZ (laser cutting); and Gamman Engineering (precision machining). Last month Robotics Plus snapped up two awards at the 2019 NZ Hi-Tech Awards, winning the Callaghan Innovation Hi-Tech Maori Company of the Year Award as well as the NZTE Most Innovative Hi-Tech Solution for the Agritech Sector Award. (Source: nzherald,)
UK increases 32.4% pellet imports in January-April 2019 From January through April, UK pellet imports surged 32.4% to 2.7 million tones, import value jumped
35.8% to €436.0 million, according to Eurostat. Imports to UK from U.S. expanded 10.0% to 1.5 million
8 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
tones, imports from Canada increased 23.3% to 509.5 thousand tones, imports from Latvia jumped
342.6% to 331.9 thousand tones and that from Estonia soared 554.3% to 102.2 thousand tones. Total pellet imports to UK expanded 32.4% to 2.7 million tones, with import value rocketed 35.8% to €435.0 million. Denmark’s pellet imports fell 33.6% to 1.1 million tones, average price of pellets exported to Denmark jumped 13.5% to €154 per ton. Italy decreased 22.9% pellet imports to 414,6 thousand tones with import value declined 26.0% to €82.0 million. In first four months 2019, pellet exports from U.S., the biggest supplier of pellets to EU, slid 2.99% y-o-y to 2.0 million tones with export value was up 2.3% to €330.8 million. Canada’s pellet exports to EU declined 11.7% to 527.6 thousand tones with export value dropped 7.36% to €80.9 million. Pellet exports from Russia surged 22.7% to 487.6 thousand tones, export value jumped 35.8% to €73.3 million. Total pellet imports to EU slid 3.38% to 5.4 million tones, average price for pellets imported to EU dropped 7.59% to €166 per ton.
LOGGING & BIOMASS NEWS
Leal from Uruguay wins the IC Competition for PONSSE mechanics exercises. The exercises are connected to the technique, service and troubleshooting for PONSSE models. The purpose of this vocational
The international championship competition for PONSSE mechanics was completed in Junein Iisalmi, Finland. This year’s winner was Facundo Leal from Ponsse Uruguay service team. Mechanics from 13 different countries from all over the Ponsse network took part in the challenge. The other prizes in the twoday competition went to Russia. The second highest scores got Andrey Izyurov who is working as a mechanic at Ponsse’s dealer OOO Lespromservis in Komi region and the third highest scores got Nikolay Kovalenko from Ponsse Groups subsidiary OOO Ponsse. The yearly competition is open for each Ponsse subsidiary and dealer and is organised by Ponsse Global Service in cooperation with YläSavo Vocational Collage (YSAO). The winner of the International Ponsse Mechanics’ competition Facundo Leal regarded the challenges and tasks very difficult, especially the technical part. “Unbelivable feeling to win, one of the best experiences in my life! This is completely different experience than anything else and was fun to share it with everyone from around the world”, Leal tells about his experiences. “When I was younger I wanted to be an architect but there was a work shop in front of our house and I ended up working there. After that I told my parents that I wanted to study engineering instead”, Facundo Leal says. The first prize is a trip for two to any Ponsse site in the international Ponsse network. The competition for mechanics contains both theory related and practical tasks The competition measures a wide range of skills. It measures the mechanics’ knowledge in theory and skills with practical
skills competition is to raise the profile of this important profession. Today, the mechanics’ work is extremely diverse and the mechanics have to be proficient
in mechanics, hydraulics, and in information systems, says Global Service Manager Terho Tanskanen who is in charge of the arrangements of the competition.
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International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 9
LOGGING & BIOMASS NEWS
Clark Tracks - production capacity increasing in Q4-2019 In response to heavily growing demand, Clark Tracks has announced it is expanding the production facilities in Dumfries, Scotland. The new 4100 m2 production space is adjacent to the existing one, increasing the total space to 7500 m2, which is more than twice than before. “In the new factory we are investing in automation and streamlining the production process whilst maintaining the flexibility for bespoke products” says Stewart Kelly, director, Clark
Tracks. The new space and additional capacity is taken into use in Q4-2019. During the next two years Clark Tracks will be able to double its production capacity. Total investment is approximately £2.5M. Clark Tracks Ltd, part of Nordic Traction Group, specialise in developing and manufacturing forest machine tracks to suit almost all Cut-to-Length machines and Skidders. The company has manufactured forest machine tracks for over 30 years.
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Deere and Joensuun to invest 20 million euros Deere & Company has invested more than 50 million euros in the Finnish forest machine business this decade. The latest investment, to expand the factory and increase capacity, is the biggest single investment in the Joensuu factory in John Deere Forestry Oy’s history. Implementation of the investment will begin in summer 2019 and it will be completed in 2021. The investment will improve and expand the Joensuu factory’s assembly and test drive facilities as well as increase the component manufacturing capacity. The total
amount of the investment is about 15 million euros. “This expansion will help us to better meet demand during strong economic cycles. The new space will also increase occupational safety and employee satisfaction,” says Factory Manager, Janne Haapasalo. After the expansion, John Deere Forestry Oy’s production/logistics facilities will cover a total of 3.2 hectares.
GreenPark business park expanding John Deere Forestry Oy has sold a plot east of the current GreenPark
to the City of Joensuu.Joensuun Yrityskiinteistöt Oy will use the plot to build a new facility that will be used by John Deere Forestry Oy. The value of the investment is about 5 million euros. The new facility will be completed in June 2020. The GreenPark expansion will centralize the Joensuu factory’s logistics functions and further improve the logistical efficiency. “Strong collaboration with the City of Joensuu and Joensuun Yrityskiinteistöt Oy, which manages GreenPark, as well as the shared desire to develop business in the region is of primary importance
Janne Haapasalo, Factory Manager to us. The critical subcontractors operating in the immediate vicinity of the factory have a proven record of boosting the efficiency of our operations,” notes Haapasalo.
Tigercat – additional factory support for Australia Tigercat has announced that Damien Ambrose has been appointed to the position of product support representative for Australia. Based in Tumut, New South Whales, Damien is joining Tigercat with over twenty-fouryears of experience in the forestry industry. Damien has worked with the Tigercat product since it first arrived in Australia in 2000, first with former Tigercat dealer Forest Centre, and then as a field service mechanic, service manager and
branch operations manager for Australia’s current Tigercat dealer Onetrak. “I am very pleased to have Damien join the support team for Australia. He knows the Tigercat product inside and out, is an extremely skilled and competent individual, and an excellent addition to the team,” explains Glen Marley, Tigercat district manager for Australia and New Zealand. Damien has strong technical knowledge of the Tigercat
10 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
product through his completion of various technical courses related to harvesters, forwarders, track carriers, drive-to-tree feller bunchers, skidders, harvesting attachments, and the Tigercat FPT engine. “I have worked with the Tigercat product for many years now and I believe the company is the leading manufacturer of forestry equipment in the market,” says Damien. “I value the level of customer support Tigercat provides and I am excited to be a part of this great team.”
Damien will be providing field support for Tigercat’s growing customer base predominantly across the regions of southeastern Australia and Queensland.
LOGGING & BIOMASS NEWS
Coal Tits thrive in Sitka Spruce plantation forests
The Coal Tit is smaller than the Blue Tit and is very common in coniferous woodland and makes greater use of this habitat than other tit species. Their small size and agile nature allow them to glean food from between pine needles and pine cones with its narrow bill. Coal Tits use broadleaf woodland to a greater extent than their continental cousins and consequently have slightly larger bills. In Ireland, Coal Tit bills are even larger than their UK counterparts. Periparus ater hibernicus is a unique sub species found only on this island. Irish coal tits have creamy yellow face patches whereas the cheeks of birds elsewhere are white. Small differences in bill size between
individuals using different habitats may seem inconsequential but it is widely known among ornithologists that even very small differences in bill size can give a competitive advantage. An analysis of records in 2007 by Ailsa McKenzie of Newcastle University in the UK, revealed that in the years when the seed crop was good in Sitka Spruce plantations in the UK, there was a decline in the use of garden feeding by the Coal Tit, but in those years when the Sitka Spruce seed crop was poor, Coal Tits increased their use of garden feeders. This pattern was also seen in Siskin. The Coal Tit is the only member of its family that has learned to make a larder. Individual birds will visit feeders frequently but rarely eat the food immediately instead they take it away to a store so that when times get hard, they have something in reserve. Seeds form an important component of the diet during autumn and winter, the lack of
favoured invertebrates forcing the Coal Tit to switch its attentions to what is available. Even so, they will take any hibernating insects that they can find, sometimes even from the undersides of conifer branches heavy with snow. The combination of hoarding, the switch to tree seeds and the agility of this small bird, may explain why it seems to cope with cold winters more successfully than other small species. The planting of conifers over the last century has been a blessing with the tits repaying the forester by eating harmful insects. In winter coal tits gather into flocks to roam the countryside. The ancestors of our coal tits probably came with the conifers at the end of the last ice age and the bird has been on its own here ever since. The growth and stabilisation of the Cold Tit is thought to have been the result of Sitka Spruce seed feeding opportunities afforded by thousands of acres of maturing plantation forestry across Ireland.
FACTS: Coal Tit Periparus ater Conservation status: Favourable
Diet: Insects and spiders; also seeds in winter. Mostly taken from outer branches of conifers.
Longevity: Typical lifespan: 2 years Lifespan: Up to 18 years
Breeding Ecology: Clutch size: 9–10 eggs Number of broods: 1–2 Incubation: 14–16 days Young in nest: 16–19 days Age at first breeding: 1 year Source: VEON
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International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 11
LOGGING & BIOMASS NEWS
Tornator appoints Henrik Nieminen as new CEO Henrik Nieminen, currently the Deputy CEO of Tornator Oyj, has been appointed as the new CEO. He has been working for Tornator since it was founded in 2002. The Board of Directors and the current CEO, Sixten Sunabacka,
have mutually agreed that he will step down from his current position. The change has the full backing of Sunabacka, who will continue to work for Tornator as Senior Adviser until the end of 2019.
Tornator is the leading company in Europe specialised in responsible forestry with it’s own forests in Finland, Estonia and Romania.
Norske Skog to invest Euro 72 m in energy boiler The board of directors in Norske Skog AS has approved a Euro 72 million investment in a new 50MW wide range energy boiler at the Norske Skog Bruck mill in Austria. The investment will improve the carbon footprint, further strengthen the mill’s profitability and create new business beyond publication paper. The new revenue streams will be derived from utilizing refuse derived fuels and paper production residuals. Sven Ombudstvedt, Chairman of the Board and CEO of Norske Skog,
commented: “This investment fits perfectly with our long term green diversification strategy. This energy plant will represent a step-change in our Bruck mill competitiveness as a publication paper producer and will generate significant cash flow from the start-up in 2022.” Norske Skog’s long-term strategy remains to improve the core business, to convert certain of the Group’s paper machines and to diversify the business within the bioenergy, fibre and biochemical markets.
The boiler project fits well with Norske Skog’s strategy of doing attractive energy investments and further increasing the Bruck mill’s cost competitiveness, along with increasing the Group’s exposure to revenue streams beyond publication paper. The energy cost saving will come from reduced consumption of gas and no need of purchasing CO2 allowances; thus, the mill’s carbon foot print will be substantially improved. The boiler project will mainly be financed by external
Sven Ombudstvedt, Chairman of the Board and CEO of Norske Skog loan from Austrian banks at very competitive terms.
New chief executive for Forestry England Forestry England, the country’s largest land manager and the arm of the Forestry Commission that manages the nation’s forests, has a new chief executive. Mike Seddon has almost 30 years of experience in forestry and forestry policy and begins his new role 1 August 2019. Mike said: “Forestry England manages one of the country’s greatest public assets: the nation’s forests. “The need for public forests came from tough times between the two World Wars and I am incredibly proud to be leading the organisation towards another hundred years. From an emerging climate crisis to wildlife decline,
the challenges for the next century will be tough, but I am driven to expand on the great things the nation’s forests already achieve today. “Our forests welcome more than 230 million visits every year – and we will make forests even more accessible by planting some forests closer to where people live. As they grow they will create places to relax and improve people’s physical and mental health. All of the forests in our care will continue to work for society and we will increase their natural capital. From cleaner air and reduced flooding to walking trails and play equipment we are making wildlife-rich,
connected landscapes.” The nation’s forests supply around half of the country’s home-grown timber, all meeting international standards for sustainability. Some of country’s rarest wildlife thrives under Forestry England’s careful management in heathland, wetlands and, of course forests. From majestic hen harriers to fascinating ladybird spiders they all rely on experienced ecologists and foresters. Looking forward, Mike continued: “All forests, and the wildlife that depends on them, will need to survive and thrive in a changing
Mike Seddon, Forestry England CEO
climate. We will also need more forests to absorb carbon while they grow and we can keep that carbon locked up by using more timber products. “The challenge is huge and we are ambitious: we want to connect everyone to the nation’s forests.”
Borregaard to invest in bioenergy project Borregaard has decided to invest NOK 131 million ($15.4 million) in a project aimed at increasing the use of bioenergy from production residuals at the Sarpsborg site in Norway. When completed in 2021, the bioenergy produced as a result of
this project will be approximately 20 GWh per year, representing a reduction of CO2 emissions of 1,200 tonnes. Longer term there is a potential to increase production to 34 GWh per year, and a corresponding reduction of 1,400 tonnes CO2 emissions.
12 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
Enova SF, a state enterprise under the Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment, has decided to support the project by a grant of NOK 46.2 million ($5.4 million), thus reducing Borregaard’s project cost to a net amount of NOK 85 million
($10 million). Borregaard owns one of the world’s most advanced and sustainable biorefineries. Borregaard produces advanced and eco-friendly biochemicals.
Nelson Forests exploring wood processing options
Lees Seymour, OneFortyOne, Executive General Manager, New Zealand Nelson Forests Ltd is exploring new ways to meet wood export market demand that will create jobs, increase domestic processing of logs in the Marlborough region, and add value to the Top of the South economy. Nelson Forests and Kaituna Sawmill are owned by Australian company OneFortyOne. OneFortyOne Executive General Manager - New Zealand, Lees Seymour, says the company is exploring opportunities to process more logs on shore and to develop alternative wood chip markets. Seymour says that Nelson Forests has hired a project manager to do a feasibility study on a number of projects, with one being investigating the building of a facility that would enable the export of wood chips from Port Marlborough. The process involves chipping logs and forest residues, resulting in higher-value woodchip being exported, greater returns to Marlborough forest owners and improved environmental outcomes for the region. To increase volumes available, woodchip from sawmills could be added to the mix, including woodchip produced by the Kaituna Sawmill. Another project is investigating debarking export saw logs that are not suitable for processing in domestic mills. The de-barking process removes the need for fumigation of whole logs for the export market. Nelson Forests Ltd and Port
3-6 December 2019 Russia, Moscow, Crocus Expo, Pavilion 1
Marlborough have signed a Memorandum of Understanding that outlines how the two companies will work together through the feasibility phase and if successful through to implementation. “The relationship we have with Port Marlborough is outstanding and we are very happy to be able to work with such a professional team,” says Seymour. Rhys Welbourn the CEO of Port Marlborough says he is “delighted to be able to work with Nelson Forests to develop the feasibility and business case – this is good news for the port and good news for Marlborough”. The Kaituna Sawmill currently processes about 115,000 tonnes of logs per annum and is investigating options to increase the scale of the operation; again this will create jobs, increase domestic processing of logs and add value to the Top of the South economy. Seymour says that “in order to increase sawmill capacity there is the need to develop new woodchip markets, you can’t do one without the other.” Port Marlborough exports approximately 700,000 tonnes of logs a year at Picton, with the capacity to export a million tonnes. There is an opportunity for other forest owners to supply logs for chip export and woodchip producers to supply woodchip, and it is not limited to the wood from the company’s own estates or Kaituna Sawmill. “If we could do it, it would be helping other forest owners as well, adding more value to the regional export pipeline.” If the feasibility study is positive, Seymour says the company believes it could start exporting chip by the end of the 2020.
LUMBER PROCESSING NEWS
Stenvalls Trä AB invests in green sorting line
Stenvalls Trä AB is upgrading their green sorting line with a camera and cutting system in their manufacturing plant in Örarna, Sweden, with Renholmen AB delivering the mechanics. The green sorting line at
Stenvalls Örarna will receive a camera system, an Electro Positioner, TriAx trimmer with chain conveyors and a roller conveyor after the single piece feeder. Some existing machines are included in the delivery. Machines for the intake will be moved from Lövholmen, where Stenvalls has a dry sorting plant that is not used, and will be rebuilt and supplemented with, for example, a roller conveyor. “We deliver the lumber
positioner, Electro positioner, to Örarna, which will be the first we deliver. One machine has earlier been sold to Setra Hasselfors, but this one will be installed before theirs,” says Bernt-Ove Andersson, Marketing Manager at Renholmen AB.
Bernt-Ove Andersson, Marketing Manager, Renholmen AB.
Story first published in IFI June July 2019 with the wrong photo of Bernt-Ove Anderssson for which we apologise.
OneFortyOne continues to invest When OneFortyOne took ownership of Mount Gambier’s Jubilee Highway Sawmill in 2018, it not only cemented the company’s commitment to the Green Triangle region, but it also marked the first of many significant investments to be made at the site. Over the past 18 months, OneFortyOne has invested $19 million in various projects, ensuring the mill remains one of
the largest and most efficient mills in Australia, and at the cutting edge of domestic processing. The company has announced this week a further $19 million investment at the site for two major capital projects. Work is set to start this month with the purchase and installation of a new scanner and two new highly efficient Continuous Drying Kilns, with the projects set to conclude in 2020.
OneFortyOne’s Executive General Manager Australia, Cameron MacDonald said “We are excited to see the positive impact of our ongoing investment across the mill, ensuring it continues to be a world class plant for many years to come. We know this will provide job security for our team and is another positive for our local economy.” Maintaining the internationally
recognised timber industry in the Green Triangle is critical to ensuring that Australian grown and processed timber products are competitive against those imported from overseas.
Fully Automatic Wrapping Machine for Lumber Packages
View the ED 3000
Springer Maschinenfabrik GmbH | firstname.lastname@example.org | www.springer.eu | Hans-Springer-Strasse 2 | A-9360 Friesach | T +43 4268 2581-0 | F +43 4268 2581-45 Springer Microtec Inc. | ofﬁce@springer-microtec.com | www.springer-microtec.com | 201, 1847 West Broadway | Vancouver, V6J1Y6 | Canada | T 604.879.4628
14 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
LUMBER PROCESSING NEWS
Pölkky Oy invests in new planing mill in Taivalkoski Pölkky Oy has announced the construction of a new planing mill in Taivalkoski, Finland. The value of the investment is 10 million euros and is part of the company’s new investment program. The new planing mill will produce a variety of processed wood products for both exports and the domestic market. The facility is expected to be up and running in the fall of 2020, and will directly employ 10 people. The new facility will have an annual capacity of over 100 000 m3. “Investing in the construction of the new planing mill in Taivalkoski is part of our new strategy which aims to increase our ratio of further processed wood products and to improve our profitability. The new planing mill also enables us to react even faster to our customers’ needs. Collaboration with the Taivalkoski municipality has been very good”, says Petteri Virranniemi, CEO at Pölkky Oy. “The new plant will have a high degree of automation and will use cutting edge technology. In particular we are investing in the possibility to make fast cutting pattern changes”, comments Pekka Tuovinen, Technical Director at Pölkky Oy Earlier in 2019 Pölkky Oy announced its first stage in the investment program with the modernization of the sawmill in Kajaani, which will also be incrementally implemented
Pölkky Oy names Ville Liimola as new Sales Director As Pölky’s Sales Director Mikko Luikku leaves the company, Pölkky Oy has nominated Ville Liimola as the new Sales Director. Mr. Liimola will start in his new position on 7.1.2020.
starting H2 2020. Pölkky Oy uses 1,400,000 m3 of raw timber annually, across its four sawmills in Finland. The company’s turnover is 180 million euros. Pölkky has 420 employees in wood procurement, sawing and processing. Pölkky is a family company, now in the third generation. Pölkky Oy is the largest private wood processing company in
northern Finland. The sawmills and further processing facilities run by Pölkky Oy are located in the heart of Finland’s best raw timber region, in Kuusamo, Taivalkoski and Kajaani. Pine represents 75% and spruce 25% of their production. Pölkky also has a pressure treatment facility in Oulu.
Petteri Virranniemi, Chief Executive Officer, Pölkky Oy
Once it lumbered.
Now it runs like a Swiss watch. The Delta RMC synchronizes two massive 30’ long hydraulic cylinders to smoothly and reliability lift the arms carrying bundles of logs into the mill.
Look to Delta RMC motion controllers and graphical RMCTools software to make complex motion design easier, smoother, and more precise. Call 1-360-254-8688 or visit deltamotion.com Find case studies like this about Western Forest Products, Vancouver, B.C., and many others. Watch training videos to see how Delta Motion can make everything work in perfect, precise harmony.
See us at TP&EE Booth #945 Delta RMC Motion Controller Family
1 to 32 axes
International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 15
Maxi Mill end doggers (left) and chargers (center right) move the logs
New motion controller increases throughput in Maxi Mill upgrade The Progress team replaced the existing system with a new RMC200 multi-axis electrohydraulic motion controller from Delta Computer Systems. Article by Reid Bollinger, Delta Computer Systems
axi Mill of Albany, Oregon, makes primary breakdown log processors, called end-doggers by the forest products industry. The processors hold logs by their ends from overhead carriages (see image), which move to carry the logs past stationary band saws that cut the logs into square cants or two-sided cants, depending on the size of the logs.
The carriage makes multiple passes based on the solution from the optimizer. In order to present each log for pickup by the carriage, it is moved into place by Y-shaped chargers. To produce the best quality cant, before the cutting begins, the log is moved to the center of the carriage at which point it is skewed right/left and up/down and rotated, based on information from the optimizer. To precisely coordinate and control the complex motion involved requires a capable multi-axis motion control solution. The Maxi Mill hardware is robust, but after years of operation, mill control systems can often use an upgrade. Progress Engineering LLC of Manchester, Maine, has a lot of experience with retrofitting
16 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
control systems for Maxi Mill equipment. A recent upgrade project for Progress Engineering
involved a hardwood mill near Charlotte, North Carolina. The PLC in the 15-year-old control system had become obsolete and maintenance had become costly and time consuming because the motion interfaces were difficult to tune and control. The Progress Engineering team got involved and decided that a complete overhaul of the control system including the motion controls would provide the best results. Whereas the end-dogger being upgraded previously had the PLC controlling all of the motion through axis interface cards, the Progress team felt that better performance could be obtained by replacing that system with a new RMC200 multi-axis electrohydraulic motion controller manufactured by Delta Computer Systems of Battle Ground, Washington. The RMC200 (see photo below) has the advantage of being able to control up to 32 motion axes simultaneously. For the North Carolina mill project, 23 control axes would be needed. Since RMC200 is expandable in increments of eight axes, 24 total axes are available in the system specified by Progress Engineering. Most of the axes are used for controlling hydraulic motion actuators via proportional servo valves. This connectivity requires
The RMC200 (lower left) in the new Maxi Mill control cabinet
SAWLINES – DELTA COMPUTER SYSTEMS
Using the SSI position inputs from linear magnetostrictive displacement transducers enabled us to get position control of the system that we never had before Todd Bennett, Progress Engineering, Senior Project Engineer
three SSI (synchronous serial interface) modules and three CV 8 (analog output) modules from the RMC200 product family. “Using the SSI position inputs from linear magnetostrictive displacement transducers (LMDTs) enabled us to get position control of the system that we never had before,” said Todd Bennett, Senior Project Engineer at Progress Engineering. “And the SSI interface that Delta provides is very easy to calibrate and tune.” In addition, with SSI transducers there’s no homing step needed. Therefore, if the machinery were to stop for any reason, it can resume functioning immediately were it left off. Other axes use analog outputs, controlling functions such as motor speed. Finally, a couple of the axes are used to provide dogging status feedback to control decision making within the RMC. A PLC performs overall machine control, safety monitoring and sequencing of motion steps, downloading motion commands for each axis via Ethernet communications into registers onboard the motion controller. The motion commands and status were
set up in the RMC’s memory using Delta’s development and tuning tool set called RMCTools. “The RMC gave us direct ramping control of the hydraulic motor speed on the outfeed rollers,” said Bennett. A lot of PLC code used to control this by issuing a series of incremental voltage changes. Now, carriage control is handled by the RMC using instructions that automatically control acceleration and deceleration. With the RMC, control is done with a simple command which replaced an analog output module in the old PLC. “And the carriage can speed up or slow down depending on the depth of cut of the log,” continued Bennett. “Without the RMC we couldn’t have controlled the acceleration or deceleration as well.” To help with motion programming, tuning, and problem diagnostics, Delta Computer Systems provides a comprehensive software interface called RMCTools. The software includes an automated motion tuning tool called the Tuning Wizard that builds a mathematical model of the system, and predicts the control loop parameter gains that will produce the desired motion with minimum error due to the effects physical aspects of the system. “I always use the tuning wizard to get me most of the way to the final gains,” said Bennett. “I then use Delta’s Plot Manager to fine tune the gains myself.” The Plot Manager component of RMCTools produces charts that display the values of actual motion parameters versus target values predicted by the control loop algorithm. Shown at the upper right is a screen image generated by the Plot Manager that shows the position of the overhead carriage (the red plot line), the velocity of the carriage (the blue line), and the control output to the DC motor that moved the carriage (the green line). When tuning the system, the engineer can make changes to parameter gains in the PID loop and see the effect of the changes in the actual motion. “It’s much easier to diagnose problems using the graphs rather than simply watching the machinery operate,” said Todd
A plot made by Delta Computer Systems’ Plot Manager software shows how motion parameters change over time Bennett. “Last year we used the plotting function to discover that some vibration in the operation of the carriage was due to a loose mechanical coupling to one of the machine sensors. “This was the first time that a Maxi Mill has had an entire control system upgrade with an RMC200,” said Bennett. “And, so far the
results have been exceptional. With the improved carriage control, accuracy has improved, calibration time has been reduced, uptime has improved, and the throughput of the line has increased as much as 15%.”
3D LASER SCANNING
SMALLER. LIGHTER. FASTER. BETTER DATA. MORE RELIABLE. EASIER TO USE. MADE FOR
International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 17
Higher value, smarter decisions
The new Trimmer BioVision system with Deep Learning, is installed and in testing
Technology investments mark turnaround period for Tenon in New Zealand
enon set its sights on a course to apply technology to improve its process by making smarter decisions, and increasing the value of its output. The company buys pruned logs on the open market, so its raw material is a rich resource that Tenon can’t afford to waste. USNR’s vast experience in biological defect recognition, and now the advancement of deep learning technology, was the formula Tenon needed to meet its targets. A few years ago, Tenon’s Clearwood plant at Taupo, New Zealand, invested in a new edger line from USNR, complete with a five-saw edger, infeed, outfeed, and BioVision edger optimization. This took the operation from a highly manual edging process to one where visual grade scanning and optimization took the guesswork out of the edging solution. Tenon is one of New Zealand’s largest producers of defect-free, appearance grade Radiata Pine products. The operation includes a sawmill, dry kilns, surfacing operation, and secondary processing plant that produces
18 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
mouldings and millwork products. It markets its high value products to the US, Europe, Asia, and Australia. Lower grade products derived from core wood are sold locally to pallet and packaging plants. With such a wide range of products, the necessity to produce not only dimensional lumber but also cuttings for mouldings and millwork, visual scanning and optimization is essential to recover the greatest value for the company’s dynamic global market.
Phase two Recently, Tenon again pressed USNR to proceed with phase two of its process improvement strategy: implementing BioVision scanning and optimization at the trimmer, with new GPU computers and software algorithms utilizing deep learning as its database of defects and product grade parameters grew. The second phase also included upgrading the edger optimization system with new deep learning technology to further improve the decision-making process. Deep learning is a subset of machine learning, where neural
networks, algorithms inspired by the human brain, learn from large amounts of data similarly to how humans learn from experience. This allows for faster start-ups and increasingly accurate grading solutions. USNR has sold 37 systems to date utilizing this technology.
Sawmill grading strategy Darryl Robinson, Sawmill Operations Manager for Tenon, said there was great benefit to having the same technology making decisions for both edger and trimmer processes. “Sixty percent – largely only the high-grade boards – were going to the board edger. The other 40% were lower-grade products that we wanted to put through the trimmer grade scanner, so that some of that lower grade could be sent back to the board edger to be upgraded. That way we recover some of the high-value wood out of the lower grade boards, where possible. This maximizes our recovery and value.” Now that both edger and trimmer systems have been retrofitted to the latest advanced technology, Robinson reflects on
SCANNING & OPTIMISATION – USNR
the journey. “From the time that the new edger system was installed until now, we are absolutely satisfied. It was a no-brainer when it came to increased recovery and better optimization of the board. And then the added grade scanning gave us the option of increasing the value of the piece when cutting it. “We knew the grade, we knew what sizes we could sell in certain grades, that was huge. We went with the same system on the trimmer line so that both machines had the same technology.”
Utilizing optimization and Deep Learning technologies from both edger and trimmer scan data, the USNR BioVision systems improve uplift significantly
Project details Defect finding includes knots, pitch/bark pockets, latewood resin, bird’s eye (needle fleck), harvest damage, and pith. Defect finding for blue stain is being developed. USNR’s Jeff Tomlinson noted that there was substantial preparation in training the system to detect the defects. The larger the database of scans, the better the capability of the deep learning networks to evaluate minute differences in wood structure to correctly classify the defects. One new aspect of the trimmer
A new Edger line was installed at Tenon, as phase one of this two phase project to modernize and automate the sawmill International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 19
Photo: The startup team for phase one (edger BioVision project), left to right: Ryan Scott (USNR); Kurstin Te Mete, Tenon Project Engineer; Kaki Waenga, Tenon Project Manager; Adrian Livesey, Tenon Project Engineer; Jeff Tomlinson and Paul Kangas (USNR); Dave Jones, Tenon Production Optimization and Programming software allows for an edger solution with multiple boards sideby-side to detect potential uplift in grade and value if the piece is sent to the edger.
Calculating results Tenon Project Engineer Kaki Waenga commented: “Because we can grade the lumber more accurately at the green mill, we can reduce the amount of random HALCO AD:Layout 3
width boards we were cutting and sending to the secondary plant, where it would then be cut into a dimensional size. “Cutting dimensional pieces at the green mill means less rework in the secondary process, which means less handling, streamlines the process, and reduces the operational costs. Now we can take a wide random piece and potentially cut two boards out of 17:22
that piece in the green mill.” Robinson continued: “Grade scanning has enabled us to apply more consistency to our high value lumber products marketed all around the world. Improving the value of the output in the green mill, means less rework, less sorting, less drying, and more value coming out of our secondary process. “We had a throughput
enhancement, we had more consistent grading accuracy, and we had an improvement in conversion. We’ve hit all three big targets. We’re more than happy with both projects. The edger was really great, and the trimmer has just really enhanced the increase in value for us.”
Optimise your production plan...
Optimise your operations OVER
Whatever your mill... Maximize profit by resolving trade-offs between recovery, production rate, and value 20 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
Vancouver, Canada • Tel: 1 604 731 9311
SCANNING & OPTIMISATION – AUTOLOG
Ledwidge Lumber gets a facelift
The Nova Scotia-based company has installed an updated Autolog Trimmer Optimizer with new controls
edwidge Lumber is a familyowned business, established in 1943 and is one of Nova Scotia’s largest lumber producers. Its primary product is 7-9 ft SPF lumber in 2x3, 2x4, 2x6 and 2x8 dimensions. Following the company’s second rebuild in 1988 after the mill burnt to the ground, it has been going strong, producing over 55 million fbm/y. Ledwidge Lumber was being challenged with obsolete and outdated technology and turned to Autolog to provide an upgrade to the trimmer optimizer, along with the controls, while using the existing 1 in scanner heads. According to Ledwidge, Autolog
has never failed to provide service or support, even with a 20-year-old system. When asked how they would compare the new system versus the previous one, Mark Mcgrath, General Manager at Ledwidge Lumber Co explained that although they only did a partial upgrade, there was a large increase in grade quality accomplished from the upgrade; a better optimization was noticed from day one; and that there was a much greater confidence in the system’s reliability. “As always, we have been proud to say that we use Autolog for our lumber optimization and feel
the quality is top in the industry,” Mcgrath said. “Customer experience is of the utmost importance,” Autolog stated. “Our client’s needs come first, from the initial contact to our 24/7 after-sales service and support, we approach every project with a desire to understand our customer’s need and to deliver accordingly. Mcgrath said he “highly recommends” Autolog and rated the overall quality of the service as a “10 out of 10”, noting “the best feature of Autolog’s system is a tie with their service and optimization”.
International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 21
The latest generation of shredders and grinders are allowing operators to truly have it all
he focus of this year’s Shredders and Grinders feature combines the traditional with one of the most recent R&D priorities in this machinery field. For a long time, power was king, alongside capacity. But as several brands competed for the right to call themselves the “most powerful” unit in its class, developers attempted to find new ways to differentiate themselves. This has happened in a couple of ways. The first has been maintenance accessibility, which most suppliers have moved forward on in parallel. The other is
22 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
versatility and flexibility both in the range offered but also in individual machines. This essentially covers the feed a unit can take, the product it can spit out. This innovation stormed the market for a few years but now has reached a level of maturity. Today, what we have is a generation of flexible machines that meet challenging capacity requirements. And so that is what we are presenting here over these pages. The problem manufacturers have created is what they can possibly do from here to improve.
Peterson Pacific Corp., a Eugene, Oregon-based manufacturer of wood grinding and chipping machines, announced the introduction of the new Peterson 1700D horizontal grinder March 12. “The new 1700D is smaller and lighter than our other grinder’s, but still packs impressive performance. The 1700D is ideal for small mulch, compost, or pallet grinding operations, as well as municipalities looking for a smaller machine, but still needing excellent throughput for a grinder of this size” said Jody Volner, President
Shredders & Grinders
Peterson’s NEW 1700D grinder
of Peterson Pacific Corp. “We are excited about the capabilities of this remarkable grinder, and have it loaded with the features that Peterson customers have come to expect from our products.” According to the company, the mobile 1700D can reduce a wide range of materials with its large feed opening that measures 54” x 27”. When boosted by Peterson’s high-lift feed roll, the feed opening’s maximum lift of 41.5 inches can tackle large feedstock and allows accessibility to the rotor for maintenance. The 1700D Horizontal Grinder is equipped with a Caterpillar
Tier IV C9.3 455 hp engine or an optional export-only C9 Tier III, 350 hp engine. At 41,000 pounds, it is the lightest of Peterson’s grinder series, and is easily transportable. Peterson’s Adaptive Control System features a fully adjustable feed system. The 1700D control panel features a large display that provides the operator with complete engine and system parameters to simplify setup and efficiently operate the unit. The 1700D also features Peterson’s patented Impact Release System to protect the machine against ungrindable materials. The 1700D Horizontal Grinder
features a quick-change multiple grate system, making it easy to customize grate configurations, the company says. Grates are removed through an easy-access door on the side wall. With Peterson’s patented up-turn rotor, heavy-duty bits and robust anvil, the 1700D has a long wear life and accurate product sizing. The Peterson 1700D Horizontal Grinder is also Peterson+ enabled. Peterson+ is a new remote monitoring solution providing machine owners access to realtime and historical data of their machine’s performance and location.
We are excited about the capabilities of this remarkable grinder, and have it loaded with the features that Peterson customers have come to expect from our products Jody Volner, President, Peterson Pacific Corp
International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 23
Peterson’s New 1700D grinder
Superior grinding solutions
Peterson+ is a unique communication network and information system connecting Peterson machines, customers and dealers with Peterson’s cloud-based machine monitoring, diagnostics and information systems Michael Spreadbury, Peterson
Peterson offers a full-line of horizontal grinders from 580-1200 hp, in both diesel and electric applications to suit varied grinding needs. The new D-series grinders offer industry leading features and innovations that allow production of the finest mulch at the lowest cost per tonne. Peterson’s powerful up-turn three-stage grinding process provides better fracturing of material and a more consistent product, delivering a more marketable product. Once the feed material has been fractured, Peterson horizontal grinders have the almost infinite tooling options from bits to grates in hex, round, square, and rectangle openings. In addition, the four-piece grate system that permits customers to mix and match to achieve the desired product; this tooling works well in both the pre-grind and regrind steps. “Our Adaptive Feed System helps with consistent productivity by maintaining near constant material flow to the grind chamber,” the manufacturer stated. Machine protection from tramp metal is a key feature of Peterson horizontal grinders. Peterson’s patented Impact Release System’s air bags provide uniform grinding and protection from contaminated feedstock, a feature unique to Peterson grinders.
24 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
A secondary line of defence is the Impact Cushion System that utilizes urethane cushions, while shear pins help protect the mill from catastrophic damage in the event of a severe impact from contaminants in the feedstock. Peterson horizontal grinders are available in wheeled, tracked, or fixed stationary applications, depending on the needs of the job site. An optional tow dolly is available for some tracked models allowing for easy transportation without the need for a tow dolly.
In an age where machine owners want real-time data about their machines, Peterson has developed Peterson+ to enhance the customer experience with Peterson products. Peterson+ was designed from the ground up to enable an integrated team to work together by sharing machine data; helping provide customers the information they need to ensure successful grinding and chipping operations. “Peterson+ is a unique communication network and information system connecting Peterson machines, customers and dealers with Peterson’s cloud-based machine monitoring, diagnostics and information systems,” said Michael Spreadbury, Peterson’s Marketing Manager. “The system will help improve
customer profitability through higher machine utilization, productivity and increased uptime.” Peterson+ equipped machines, such as Peterson’s new 3310 drum chipper and 4710D horizontal grinder, provide streaming machine data, including a GPS locator. Customers can have live access to the machine’s on-board display and operating information on their office computer, laptop or mobile phone. Statistical historical data can also be used to track important information such as fuel consumption; engine rpm’s and oil temperatures giving owners and operators better efficiency, increasing profits through productivity. The wireless display feature uses a local area network to allow machine operators to use their smart phone as a wireless display mounted in an excavator, loader, or control booth. Peterson+ also makes a great troubleshooting tool. The operator, dealer, and Peterson technicians can all see what is going on with the machine’s control system – similar to having a technician on-site working through a potential problem. Machine documentation, parts information, and support services are also made easily accessible through the Peterson+ portal via Peterson’s website.
Peterson 1710D Engine Side
R+ PACKAGE With 10+ years of development, the R+ package combines the very best in engineering and innovative design to equip a typical “high speed” Peterson horizontal grinder into a “medium speed” machine, utilizing the production of a typical high speed grinder, and the protection of a slow-speed shredder. With performance nearly doubling the output of typical slow speed shredders, R+ equipped Peterson horizontal grinders offer a solution that has high output, and superior machine protection against ungrindable materials. Typical R+ applications include Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), Construction and Demolition (C&D) debris, chunk wood such as stumps, storm debris, rail road ties, and other materials. The R+ package uses a specially designed rotor with high and low bits, that turns at half the speed of our standard units. This processes material through a specialized heavy duty grate, with the high and low bits passing through the fingers, providing extensive fracturing surfaces for superior
product reduction. Your 4700, 5700, or 6700-series machine may be able to be upgraded as a package so you can take on the difficult jobs that you may have passed by before.
Likewise, if you no longer need the protection of the R+ package, and your grinder is going into other applications, the R+ specific parts can be removed and replaced with standard units to change the
machine back to a standard “high speed” grinder-- no other machine on the market can do that!
SHREDDING AND CHIPPING MADE EASY. - 2 IN 1: SHREDDER AND CHIPPER - CONTRARY-RESISTANT - HIGH THROUGHPUT - MAINTENANCE-FRIENDLY
Universal wood shredder www.komptech.com International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 25
Dual cutting surfaces at various depths help the H-3060 eliminate frustrating jams
“Whatever side of the fence you’re on these days, be sure to have Precision Husky with you,” the manufacturer states with just a touch of bias. “It’s one of those jobsite nobrainers; like wearing a hardhat. Why? Because Precision Husky has evolved into one of the world’s top providers of tough and tested forestry equipment. We keep getting better because we never stop to rest on our laurels. Our equipment is designed with your paycheck in mind and built to work as hard as you do.
26 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
The Precision Husky H-3045 is one of three horizontal grinders from the ProGrind range
All of our tub grinders, from our PG 900 base model to our powerhouse PG 5200, offer industry-leading user-friendly controls, clutch protection and different hammer options for grinding versatility Precision Husky
“Today, our fuel-efficient, low maintenance and low noise grinders are being used all over the world to manufacture mulch, compost and boiler fuel and to clear and clean jobsites. “In this day and age, at least everybody can agree on high-speed productivity. Our industry leading horizontal and tub grinders will make you wonder how you ever got along without them.”
ProGrind Horizontal Grinders For working with long limbs, Pecision’s high-speed ProGrind horizontal grinders are difficult to beat. There are three models (H-3045, H-3060 and H-4060) to choose from, each with a rugged diesel engine and offering from 520 hp up to 1,050 hp, depending on requirements. The dual cutting surfaces at various depths eliminate frustrating jams. The 3045 offers a 30 in cutting diameter and a 45 in infeed width, the 3060 has a 30 in cutting diameter and a 60 in infeed width, and the 4060 has a 40-inch cutting diameter and a wide 60 in infeed width. ProGrind horizontal grinders are built with a down cut design, which allows operators to switch out the hammermill for a two or four-knife chipper drum. “Many of our customers find this feature a particular cost saver,” Precision said. “No need to buy a chipper when your grinder can do the job.”
ProGrind Tub Grinders Precision Husky also offers six popular models of ProGrind tub grinders, each built with ease of operation, cost and productivity in mind. “All of our tub grinders, from our PG 900 base model to our powerhouse PG 5200, offer industry-leading user-friendly controls, clutch protection
and different hammer options for grinding versatility,” the manufacturer stated. “The tub tilts 90° for easy access to the hammermill, screens and lower auger area. Feedback on the newest offering, the ProGrind 5200, has been “fantastic”. It contains one of the most aggressive hammermills in the industry. It can cut through mountains of green waste at production rates of over 100 t/h. The special double-bolt hammer tips provide more durability and grinding ease, assuring high production rates, less wear on the hammermill and easy maintenance. It’s been called the most powerful, easy to use tub grinder in the industry, according to the manufacturer. The 5200 also is a technological accomplishment. It is operated by a dust and water-resistant, shockmounted control box with a Sauer Plus 1 system, CAN+ radio remote controls and a smart display panel. The enclosed, wet hydraulic clutch is engaged from the control panel with fault indicators using a push button microprocessor. Many customers have chosen the knuckleboom-loader option, complete with air-conditioned cab (standard) and state-of-the-art joystick.
Profile More than 100 experienced, highly dedicated and motivated employees, many of whom are former loggers and wood processors, work from Precision’s 165,000 sq.ft manufacturing facility in Leeds, Alabama. Inside the plant, the manufacture is constantly working to innovate and improve. “Precision Husky is a clear example of the American Dream come true,” the company states. “Our President Scott Smith is a second-generation innovator like his father, company founder and CEO Bob Smith. Together they have seen Precision go from a small regional provider to a worldwide leader in timber processing technology, with customers in 120 countries.”
ProGrind horizontal grinders are built with a down cut design
International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 27
Flexibility has been pushed to the extremes with the Jenz BA 915 D
Refined, clean, precise, and defined fixed tools on the Jenz BA 915 D ensure differentiated material output. Up to now, the BA 915 was known as a green cuttings specialist, primarily suitable for use in composting and substrate processing. Now, however, the
biomass processor has fixed tools that convincingly provide even more flexibility. Different tool combinations make the “exceptionally mobile and simultaneously powerful” biomass processor even more adaptable than previously, according to Jenz. Continuously free-swinging tools ensure excellent fragmentation of the
The BA 915 has also been approved for use with fixed cutters since December 2018 28 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
material and provide a large, fibrous surface for bacteria population. In addition to green cuttings, the shredder has also been specially designed for processing bark, manure and maize silage. However, the BA 915 D previously reached its limits when processing pre-fragmented roots and old wood, because the free-swinging tools were unable to produce a clean cut through the hard material when processing ligneous biomasses. “The main reasons for the further development were obviously the extended deployment area and more flexibility with regard to the output material,” explained Jenz Product Manager Dominik Meden. “However, many of our customers who were mainly producing material for composting were also interested in producing ideal biomass fuels for heating plants.” In this case the material needs to be flow-capable for the incineration plants, which means smooth edges. “A defined cut such as is produced by a chipper can logically only be produced by tools similar to a cutter,” added Meden. The changeover from a green cuttings specialist to a chipping shredder therefore requires
conversion of the tool fittings to the flail combination of easycut and easycover. The main benefit for the customer: more functionality from the one machine. The BA 915 can now be used both for wood and green cuttings processing. Though it should be pointed out the machine is still mainly intended for use during composting. “If heavy ligneous biomasses are to be processed the BA 725 still remains first choice thanks to its two working speeds at full motor power,” explained Meden as a comparison. The material is given a defined, precise cut thanks to the easycut flails. The easycover covers ensure that the rotor remains enclosed and that overlengths are avoided. Irrespective of whether the main aim is material fraying or material fragmentation, the four different tool fittings can process almost any material. It is not necessary to exchange the rotor to use the different tool configurations on the BA 915. Excellent maintenance accessibility means that changing over between the different tools is exceptionally easy. The conveyor belt, which can be swivelled to the side, provides excellent ergonomics during tool changeover: “outstanding” accessibility to the rotors in addition to a facility for driving a
The main reasons for the further development were obviously the extended deployment area and more flexibility with regard to the output material
In addition to green cuttings, the Jenz BA 915 D has also been specially designed for processing bark, manure and maize silage
Dominik Meden, Product Manager Jenz
this underlines the necessity for sensitivity and quick reactions in the IPS system.
“As a result of this downtimes caused by foreign bodies can be hugely reduced using the
IPS system, and this also avoids expensive follow-on damage.”
wheeled loader/forklift up to the machine. Meden said particular attention had been paid to the shredder’s total weight during development in addition to its flexibility. “Thanks to the rotor’s special construction we have reduced the overall weight to 19 t. This makes it especially suitable for deployments further afield since the wheeled loader and the machine itself can be transported on just one HGV.” However, if converted to fixed tools, operators should bear the overall weight of the machine in mind. Whether free-swinging or fixed, the machine’s investment protection is a priority. Even though the Impact Protection System (IPS) foreign body program is a standard fitting on the BA 915, it still had to be further developed for chipping use. Meden explained further development of the IPS: “Freeswinging tools can swing backwards after colliding with a foreign body. In contrast the fixed tools provide extremely high resistance to the foreign body, and
International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 29
Rawlings specializes in custom, woodwaste systems
We also offer systems that screen the material after the first pass and only the product that doesn’t meet the client’s specification is conveyed back to grinder to be reprocessed Rawlings
There are many factors that need be considered when designing and purchasing the proper equipment for a wood grinding system, according to grinding expert Rawlings. Such factors include species of wood, moisture content, size of incoming product, end product requirements. The fuel size is also important for each application. For example if it is boiler fuel most boilers can accept a chip or hog fuel up to 2.5 in in size. Therefore, separation screening is generally used to ensure that only fuel up to this size is delivered and burned. Fuel cleanliness is also important. Fuel suppliers are expected to ensure that any pieces of debris, particularly metal, is removed. Many use magnets and metal separation to catch any metal pieces before they enter the production flow.
30 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
All operators are looking or the most economical way to process their incoming material whether it be an electrical stationary system or a portable grinding system. Depending on the incoming material these systems can consist of vertical drop feed grinders or horizontal grinders. “During our 40 years designing grinding systems we have found that most of our clients are also looking to get the smallest end product on a single pass ‘one stage pass through the grinder’,” Rawlings stated. “With our experience we have found that some wood handling systems that process the entire operation through a single stage pass are very expensive to maintain.” The machine and related equipment is working at full speed constantly resulting in high consumption of spare parts and depending if operators are using electricity or diesel fuel can cost a lot of money to operate.
For demanding high capacity wood handling operations Rawlings has designed custom wood waste systems that incorporate both slow speed grinders with high speed grinders. The slow speed grinders are utilized as the primary grinder, are tolerant of metal and are easy to maintain. Because the end product from a slow speed grinder is a larger end product ‘8-12’ (203-304 mm) a secondary grinder and screening separation is usually necessary for the operation to obtain the client’s end product specifications. “We also offer systems that screen the material after the first pass and only the product that doesn’t meet the client’s specification is conveyed back to grinder to be reprocessed,” Rawlings stated. Overall each system is unique and not all operators or clients want a two-stage process. It usually costs more up front with purchase of more equipment but in the long run it is more economical. “For the most demanding applications we recommend this type of wood handling systems.” Rawlings has over 40 years of experience in the forest, biomass and sawmill related industries and offers a complete line up of wood processing equipment to convert and utilize wood residuals into valuable wood fiber products. Each system can be designed with work platform decks, choice of belt, chain, vibrating in-feed and out-feed conveyors. Metal or magnet protection, product screening and separation, all customizable for specific operations. Stationary, portable and skid-mount models are available.
The “two in one” Axtor With the Axtor 4510 Komptech is offering an all-purpose wood chipper that is perfect for both chipping and shredding. It’s the perfect entry-level machine for small to medium-sized plants as well as contract service providers. If more is needed, there is the powerful new Axtor 6210 with 577 HP. The Axtor can shred as well as chip, and is designed for wood and green cuttings. In shredder mode with free-swinging teeth it makes composting material, while in chipper mode with fixed blades and lower speed it makes biomass fuel that is ideal for heating plants. With 456 HP, the Axtor 4510 is a balanced package with exactly the performance and economy that its target group is looking for. With its small dimensions and its total weight of 19 tonnes in the two-axle trailer version, not only is it very easy to move around, it’s also right-sized for small to mediumscale facilities. Naturally, the easy transportation makes it likewise ideal for contract service providers, who need to react flexibly in terms of work sites as well as in their service offerings, from shredding to chipping. Although it has the same basic structure and dimensions, the Axtor 6210 is a step up in performance. With 577 HP engine power, throughput of 300 cubic metres and more is not uncommon. The additional performance brings with it higher overall weight, so the 6210 comes on a three-axle trailer. Both versions are also offered in self-propelled tracked versions.
Chipping and shredding flexible and fast conversion Conversion from shredder to chipper is fast and simple. The free-swinging shredder blades can be replaced by fixed holders with precision-cut chipping blades or tough shredder blades in about half a day. Conversion using fixed teeth is even faster, going from shredder to chipper mode in not more than three hours. If two people do the work, it naturally goes twice as fast. The machine can be very precisely configured for the intended use. Whether waste wood, trunks, forestry residue, bark or green cuttings, with different blades and the right screen basket it can deliver
Komptech PM Axtor 6210
astonishingly high throughput with excellent fuel efficiency. For example, with woody green cuttings as a structuring material for composting, throughput of up to 200 m³ per hour is possible.
Well thought out, well executed Komptech put customer needs first in upgrading the Axtor series. One example is the Axtor’s outstanding maintenance access, with hydraulically lifting engine cover and roomy service platform with integrated folded ladder. The same goes for the massive sectional steel belt intake system, the continuous discharge conveyor with a cone height of four and a half meters, and the hydraulic tilt hopper. Everything is designed with the user in mind, from avoidance of leakage during material transport to the tough components to the
Komptech PM Axtor 4510 clever details that help work go smoothly on-site.
New chipping drum option
selection of screen baskets leave nothing to be desired in terms of the grain size and quality of the chips.
A special chipping drum makes the Axtor a full-blooded chipper. Massive chipping blades, widely adjustable advance, and a full
Komptech PM Axtor 4510 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 31
Tough tree-length technology
The 602 can be equipped with single or dual drum winches, a swing boom, or an 11 sqft grapple
nly two meaningful market updates of relevance came to light over this year’s review of skidder technology and, somewhat predictably, they came from two of the largest and most consistent innovators in the space – John Deere and Tigercat.
Tigercat offers a full line-up of four and six-wheel skidders built for a wide variety of timber extraction jobs around the world. All Tigercat
32 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
skidders are designed for extreme forestry conditions with strong frames, robust and well-protected hydraulic cylinders and a sturdy centre joint.
Tigercat skidder technology Tigercat skidders are powered by fuel efficient and reliable Tigercat FPT engines which are fully backed by Tigercat support and warranty. Tier 2 and Tier 4f engine choices are available depending on regional emissions requirements. Tigercat’s unique hydrostatic drive system increases efficiency
and performance while reducing operator fatigue. Tigercat skidders operate at variable engine rpm, automatically increasing engine speed when additional horsepower is demanded. Because full torque is available at any engine speed, breakout performance is significantly better than competing skidders. The result is reduced site disturbance, longer tire life and improved performance in soft or steep terrain. Tigercat’s exclusive EHS (efficient high-speed drive) consists of two variable
Skidders Two premier manufacturers of skidder technology are evolving their ranges to deliver more to operators and entrepreneurs
The 635G is built for extreme duty and super high production logging operations
displacement hydrostatic motors as inputs to the Tigercat transfer case which drive the front and rear axles. When operating conditions demand high tractive effort, both motors are working. When tractive effort requirements are reduced – for instance, when traveling empty or loaded on flat terrain – all of the pump flow is directed to one
motor for higher travel speeds. EHS provides fast travel speeds, extremely high tractive effort and excellent fuel efficiency. EHS is standard on the 602 and 610E and optional for the 620E, 625E, 630E, 632E, and 635G skidders.
602 compact skidder The 602 is Tigercat’s newest
skidder offering. This compact skidder is fully customizable for various niche applications. The 602 can be equipped with single or dual drum winches, a swing boom, or an 11 sqft grapple. At 2.7 m wide, the 602 is ideal for selective felling applications and can access high value timber in steep terrain, while minimizing damage to the residual
stand. The 602 is equipped with the Tigercat FPT N45 engine which provides full emissions compliance for Tier 2 and Tier 4f, along with excellent fuel economy. Both engines deliver 125 kW (168 hp) at 2,200 rpm. Maximum fuel efficiency is achieved by the use of Tigercat’s
International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 33
The 632E is the industry’s highest production, four-wheel drive grapple skidder
load sensing hydraulic system – only supplying the amount of oil that the various functions require for reduced engine load.
632E four-wheel skidder The 632E is the industry’s highest production four-wheel drive grapple skidder, according to Tigercat, suited to the toughest jobs, the most demanding terrain, heavy loads and around-the-clock operations. The 632E can be equipped with the largest grapple offered on any four-wheel skidder on the market. The 2.1 m² grapple option has a tip-to-tip opening of 3,860 mm. Complementing the higher horsepower and larger grapple, the hydraulic system and driveline have been extensively upgraded. Several components and structures have been upsized for improved durability. The 632E uses a larger main hydraulic pump and valves for faster operation and better multifunctioning. The hydraulic cylinders are larger allowing the machine to run pressures that are 10% lower while increasing
34 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
performance by 10% on average. Cylinder rod sizes have been increased by 25%. Load sensing control and a simplified steering circuit lead to more responsive and adjustable steering control. A newly enhanced EHS transmission produces more torque – with the same top speed as the previous generation EHS. The new Tigercat OB20 rear axle – specially designed for the 632E – provides 47% more torque capacity and nearly twice the life on all bearings. The service brakes and park brake are incorporated into the new axle. Operators will benefit from many features in the ergonomic cab starting with the air-ride seat. A well laid out instrument panel improves placement of electrical outlets and the electronic control system display. Operators should also appreciate finer joystick control of the travel speed. The high visibility arch means a 10% improvement in visibility to the ground through the arch. LED lights, improved boom light location and a lower arch light further enhance visibility to the
635G six-wheel skidder The 635G builds on the capabilities of Tigercat’s six-wheel skidders along with the technology introduced with the 632E. The 635G features the enhanced EHS, load sensing hydraulics, and the larger hydraulic cylinders found on the 632E. As well, the 635G is equipped with the new Tigercat bolt-in WOB17 bogie or the optional high clearance HOB17 bogie. The 635G is available with the largest grapple in the industry at 2.32 m2 with a maximum opening of 3,835 mm.
All John Deere L-Series II models are equipped spacious cabs and several fatigue-reducing features
Launched in 2018, the John Deere L-Series II skidders offer loggers an exceptional equipment solution designed for the challenges that they face daily. Made up of five models – the 640L-II, 648L-II, 748LII, 848L-II and 948L-II – the new L-Series II line combines the power and productivity of the previous models with improvements to performance and durability, taking these machines to the next level. The L-Series II machines offer impressive horsepower, powerto-weight ratio, and constant engine speed to deliver superb responsiveness and efficiency. These powerful and stable machines provide excellent pulling power, especially when climbing hills, navigating diverse terrain or hauling bigger payloads. “The machine is better, stronger and faster than the original,” said Zane Winfield of Southern Logging. “These machines – on a daily basis – they just they take a beating. The more you beef it up, the stronger
it’s going to be, and the better it’ll be for us.” One of the most notable changes on the new L-Series II machines is the simplified design. The less complex L-Series II skidders have eliminated several mechanical components, resulting in a machine that is significantly easier to service and maintain. Additional changes to the machine include redesigned electrical and hydraulic systems, as well as improvements to component placements under the hood. “The two-piece wiring harness makes it easier to work on machines,” noted Wayne Sugg of Sugg Logging, who was one of the first loggers to test the new machines. “These changes make the machine more reliable, which saves time and money on maintenance.” New articulation steering sensors improve the operator experience, positively impacting operator comfort. A new two-speed 4000 winch replaces the previous single-speed winch, increasing line pull and boosting productivity.
The new skidder models offer an increased grapple squeeze force of up to 10%, providing constant pressure so operators are less likely to lose a log, even if a load gets jarred. Grapple options – such as a 17.5 sqft grapple on the 648LII model or a 22.3 sqft grapple on the 948L-II – help deliver more wood with fewer skids. Designed to boost operator comfort, all L-Series II models are equipped spacious cabs and several fatigue-reducing features. The cabs on all models include a highly efficient HVAC system, configurable controls and sufficient storage space. An optional rotating high-back seat not only improves working visibility, but also lessens strain on the operator’s neck and body. High intensity halogen lights are standard, while optional LED packages can also be installed on all L-Series II models to support early or late-night logging operations. The powerful L-Series II machines also come available with a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT). The easy-touse CVT automatically senses the
The machine is better, stronger and faster than the original Zane Winfield of Southern Logging
International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 35
The new John Deere L-Series II skidder models offer an increased grapple squeeze force of up to 10%
load and regulates output torque and tractive effort as needed to maintain the operatorâ€™s desired speed. As a result of keeping engine speeds more controlled, CVT helps maintain a longer engine life while also providing exceptional fuel economy. Another well-received feature on the L-Series II machines is the Outboard-Extreme axles, available on the 848 and 948 models, and optional on 748 models. These rugged and durable axles are designed with larger components that assist in boosting machine stability. A pressurized continuouslube system and independent axle filters extend wear life up to 15,000 hours. New as of July 2019, the L-Series II skidders are compatible with TimberMatic Maps and TimberManager, a streamlined set of software solutions that offer loggers enhanced machine visibility and communication for a productive work day. L Series II - New articulation steering sensors improve the operator experience 36 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
The two-piece wiring harness makes it easier to work on machines noted Wayne Sugg of Sugg Logging
TimberMatic Maps and TimberManager provide loggers with the ability to plan work that needs to get done in a day. The map provides the precise location, estimated volume or mass, and percentage complete for up to two species of timber. As timber is moved, operators can update the map for improved team visibility. Loggers can also add items of interest to the digital maps such as areas of interest, soft ground, or hazards. These features are shared in real time with all crew members for a better understanding and opportunity to optimize jobsite awareness and production as a
system of machines. “I’ve seen a big increase in production from basically out of the gate with TimberMatic Maps and TimberManager,” said Thomas Johnson, owner of Thomas Johnson Logging. “It lets me map out, in the machine, the area that I’m working, and my job sites. It also lets the skidder know where the wood is at on the ground. I don’t have to guess anymore or ask an operator how much wood’s left on the ground — being able to see everything in real time is a big help.”
EPSILON TIMBER & RECYCLING CRANES
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International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 37
No compromise from PBFM makers
Two of North America’s heavyweight suppliers compare notes on recent developments in loggers, loaders and swing machines
n today’s challenging logging industry, reliable and productive equipment is critical to maintaining productivity in the harshest of conditions. Designed with the customer in mind, the John Deere G-Series forestry swing machines and E-Series knuckleboom loaders ensure operators are able to perform efficiently no matter their job site.
G-Series Forestry Swing Machines Since launching in 2016, the John Deere G-Series swing machines have upheld their standard within
the forestry industry. As a direct response to customer feedback, each of the eight powerful G-Series models – including the 2154G, 2156G, 2654G, 2456G, 3154G, 3156G, 3754G and 3756G – have been upgraded to improve operator experience and provide solutions for any logging operation. Additionally, new features have shown boosts in efficiency as well as improvements to machine performance and durability. The G-Series machines are available in two machine types – log loaders and forestry excavators. Log loaders are noted by the 56 model number and forestry excavators obtain the 54 designation. The 2154G, 2654G, 3156G and 3756G models are also available with processor
38 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
configuration. The G-Series forestry excavators and log loaders have redesigned cab features, which set a standard for operator comfort, safety and visibility. The cab entrance for both forestry excavators and log loaders allow operators to enter or exit the machine easily and safely. With an additional three inches of legroom, the G-Series cab is both spacious and more comfortable. Forestry excavators are designed with a side-entry cab, and is 25% larger than previous models. Log loaders offer an elevated rear-entry cab that also feature floor-mounted windows, resulting in superb visibility to the tracks. Additionally, log loaders are available with a cab-forward riser option that expands views of the working area.
Further amenities include LED lighting packages, efficient climate control, heated and cooled seats, and ergonomic controls. The latest models feature a USB port for device charging and relocation of the auxiliary and USB ports to behind the seat. An optional longer track increases stability and lifting capacity on the 2656G and 2156G log loaders, and the 2154G and 2654G forestry excavators. Larger lower rollers on the 2154G, 2156G, 3154G, and 3156G models reduce downtime and maintenance costs, while also extending the wear life of the rollers. Hydraulic plumbing is available for the Waratah processing heads on the 2154G, 2654G, 3156G and 3756G models. The 2019 machines feature
Purpose Built Forestry Machines
The accessibility offered by the John Deere fleet is truly elite
The John Deere 3756G A 48 in John Deere grapple is featured on the 337E
several improvements to the machine design. A larger travel device improves tractive effort on the 2654G and 2656G machines, as well as select 2154G and 2156G models. The new LH side door features an easy-to-remove screen, allowing for the removal of collected debris. A shovel and axe mounting provision on all machines provides a secure and easily accessible storage location. Serviceability has also improved due to significant reduction in electrical components on all G-Series Swing Machines. New for 2019, a pre-cleaner for engine air intake of the Final Tier 4 engines improves air filter life, while fuel shut-off valves eliminate fuel leakage and spillage during fuel filter changes. A new hinged
AC condenser improves access, making it easier to clean out debris trapped between the radiator and AC condenser. The G-Series machines also feature remote grease lines for the boom cylinder base pins, improving ground-level serviceability. An optional hydraulic oil level alarm provides an audible and visible alarm that the hydraulic oil level is extremely low and requires immediate machine shut down.
<subhead> E-Series Knuckleboom Loaders The 337E and 437E Knuckleboom Loaders are among the most efficient and reliable models in their class. These machines are designed to achieve maximum output and uptime with lower daily
operating costs. With 8% more swing torque and lift force than previous models, both the 337E and 437E are designed to boost productivity. Additionally, both machines are equipped with a powerful Final Tier 4 engine that delivers maximum engine performance while using less fluid. Operating RPM has been optimized to improve fuel economy without setbacks to machine performance. Constructed for impact and wear resistance, a 48 in John Deere grapple is featured on the 337E, while a 52 in log grapple is featured on the 437E. Both models are equipped with a complete hydraulic package for improved delimbing applications at reduced fuel consumption.
The E-Series Knuckleboom Loaders offer several fatiguereducing comfort features such as spacious cabs and fully adjustable seats. The combination of expansive glass, adjustable lighting, and rear sunshade provides excellent visibility for operators. Conveniently located monitors make essential machine information easy to read. For better serviceability, both E-Series knuckleboom loaders offer ground level oil draining and filter changing. The 45 gallon (205 litre) hydraulic oil reservoir significantly reduces the cost of changing hydraulic oil by 44%.
International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 39
Tigercat is a leading manufacturer of purpose-built forestry swing machines including super-duty shovel loggers, track harvesters and log loaders. They all share Tigercat’s commitment to providing the most robust, easy-to-maintain and productive machines in the woods. They feature efficient hydraulics and powerful engines fine-tuned to loading, roadside processing, felling and shovel logging on steep slopes.
875 logger The 875 logger is a 36,000 kg carrier with two boom options for loading or processing applications. It is equipped with the Tigercat
FPT N67 engine which is fully supported by Tigercat. Designed for extremely fuel-efficient operation, the 875 is equipped with variable speed cooling and Tigercat’s unique closed loop energy recovery swing system. The F7-150 heavy duty forestry undercarriage provides a stable base of operations, improving performance and operator comfort. The engine compartment is open and spacious. Access to daily service points is very convenient and major components are readily accessible. The engine and hydraulic components are shielded and compartmentalized.
880D logger The 42,640 kg Tigercat 880D logger is a multi-purpose, ‘no
The 880D logger working in British Columbia, Canada
compromise’ carrier designed for loading, shovel logging and processing. The 880D is purposebuilt to eliminate the design compromises found in excavator conversions. The upper frame assembly and undercarriage are designed for full forest duty. Like the 875, the 880D has plenty of cooling capacity with an automatic variable speed fan for improved fuel efficiency and an automatic reversing cycle to clean the heat exchangers
890 logger The 890 logger is Tigercat’s largest multi-purpose, forestry machine 40 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
The 47,900 kg (105,600 lb) 890 logger – the largest in the Tigercat
The versatile, fuel efficient 875 Logger
range – is a true purpose-built forestry swing machine. Both the 880D and the 890 can be configured as a loader, processor or shovel logger. Equipped with a loader boom, the machines can be paired with various power clam and butt-n-top grapple options. Equipped with a live heel boom system, the 890 is a highly capable shovel logger with excellent stability, tractive effort and swing torque. The 890 can also be configured as a high capacity processor capable of running large harvesting heads in demanding duty cycles. The boom geometry and cab positioning
provide unmatched right-hand side visibility. The 890 loader is Tigercat FPT Tier 2 or Tier 4f powered. Tier 4f conforms to the latest emissions standards in North America and Europe. With the Tier 2 engine configuration, Tigercat brings the benefits of Tigercat power and support to harvesting professionals around the world. All three machines share a common operator’s cab, providing a quiet and spacious work environment. The high output climate control system keeps the operator comfortable even in ambient temperature extremes.
High quality LED lighting provides higher output and improved reliability. The cabin is spacious with excellent all-around visibility and integrated floor windows provide a clear view of the tracks.
Energy Recovery Swing System The 800 series loaders are equipped with a twin swing drive system providing powerful swing torque and reduced gear tooth loads. A closed loop drive is an energy recovery system that feeds power back to the engine when swing decelerates, reducing fuel consumption and recovering
energy for other machine functions.
850 processor Tigercat’s newest machine is the 850, a purpose-built roadside processor that can be paired with the new Tigercat 568 harvesting head. The 9,5 m boom features a hooked profile for improved righthand side visibility, and choice of either through tip, or conventional hose routing to the head. Superior performance, fuel economy and serviceability set the 850 processor above the rest.
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The Vikmans in Gällivare own Sweden’s northernmost PONSSE machine
HERE EVERYTHING REVOLVES AROUND FORESTS AND SNOCROSS
shifts to level out the differences in the working pace of the machines caused by varying conditions,” Anders says.
THE SCORPION MADE AN IMPRESSION AT A MACHINE EXHIBITION
Jens, Anders and Pär Vikman with the company’s site huts and PONSSE Scorpion King in the background.
The Vikmans have a burning desire to achieve results while having fun at the same time. They approach both forestry work and high-speed motor sports with this attitude. Under their calm exterior, the men are explosive and competitive ensuring great results in snowmobile racing, known as snocross. In the forest, their success is guaranteed by the use of a PONSSE Scorpion King.
wedish Lapland has quickly become a strong area for PONSSE Scorpion and Scorpion King harvesters. One of the trailblazers has been the Gällivarebased Wikmans Skogsmaskiner AB, the owner of Sweden’s northernmost Ponsse machine. “In the autumn of 2017, after three years and 12,000 hours of use, it was time to replace our previous Scorpion and we ended up choosing the Scorpion King. We were fully satisfied with our first Scorpion, but we also wanted to try the King, as it is equipped with double pumps. We have definitely noticed the greater hydraulic capacity when using the crane and harvester head at the same time.
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The Vikmans first saw a PONSSE Scorpion in a machine demo. They paid attention to the cabin stabilisation and location of the crane. Soon they had made an order even though none of them had even tested the machine. “We have definitely not been disappointed because the Scorpions have better visibility and stability as well as a more powerful crane.” Anders says that the harvester has good fuel economy in normal conditions. Last winter, however, was anything but normal. Working in 1.7 metres of snow consumed more fuel. “It was an extreme situation and it was very difficult to get to the plots,” Anders says.
Otherwise the machines are very similar,” Anders Vikman says.
GOOD BALANCE The harvester is equipped with an H6 harvester head, just like the previous machine, but its crane reach of 11.3 metres is slightly longer. Wikmans Skogsmaskiner solely focuses on clear cutting and, in practice, the customer is always Sveaskog. The trees are small with an average stem volume (without bark) of approximately 0.16 cubic metres. “The harvester allows us to move quickly. Operating the harvester offers a nice counterbalance to operating the 19-ton forwarder. We adjust the
We have definitely not been disappointed because the Scorpions have better visibility and stability as well as a more powerful crane, Anders says
We want everyone to see that we enjoy working together, we love our job and want to do it well, Pär says and his brother and father agree.
Anders was only 14 years old when he first joined his father in a forest machine. Back then they used a 3/4-tracked Hultdins. Anders knew what he wanted to do and in 1986 he started a company with his brother Jan, who unfortunately passed away at a young age. For the first years, Anders and Jan worked as employed operators for Assi Domän but they owned their machines. Four years later they became entrepreneurs. Anders’ sons Pär and Jens have followed in their father’s footsteps. Jens is currently enrolled in the vehicle and transport programme at the Gällivare vocational school. Pär has already completed the same programme and he worked as a wheel loader operator in Malmberget before starting fulltime forestry work. Anders’ wife Maria also works for the company. She is responsible for bookkeeping and marketing. Pär also assists her with administrative duties. The Vikmans get along with each other excellently. “We have never had any problems. It’s probably because our dad is very calm and easy to work with,” Pär and Jens say. They
are both happy that they get to work with each other and with their father. “We want everyone to see that we enjoy working together, we love our job and want to do it well,” Pär says and his brother and father agree.
FIVE OPERATORS, TWO MACHINES At one point the company had three operator teams, but Anders felt that it was too much. “With so many operators, one person would have to focus on maintenance work full-time. It’s not what I wanted. I rather work in the forest than drive around,” Anders says. “Now we work in two shifts with five operators and two machines. It’s what we have been doing for about ten years and it works for us,” Anders adds. The Vikmans do most of the repair work themselves, but they also buy services from Ponsse. “Ponsse offers excellent background support if we need, for example, maintenance, spare parts, advice or sales services. If we have any problems, help is always available.”
A COMPETENT TEAM In addition to Anders and his sons Pär and Jens, the company also
has employed two other operators, Jonas Sundqvist and Pelle Karlsson. The harvester is mainly operated by Anders, Pär, Jonas and Pelle. Jens operates the forwarder and Jonas is also ready to jump into the cabin whenever needed. The Vikmans are very happy with Jonas and Pelle. “Pelle is the
Wikmans Skogsmaskiner AB Besökadress Skvattramvägen 9, 98235, Gällivare
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It’s all about who does what and when. Four of the company’s five machine operators: Anders, Pelle, Pär and Jens.
latest addition to our team. He is very interested in the industry and a quick learner. He is also an incredible maintenance guy. Jonas has been with us for a long time and he is perhaps the most skilful of us all. He is also phenomenal at finding flaws and problems to fix,” Anders says. Pär thinks that it is educational to load logs that he has cut himself. “It’s the best way to learn what makes loading easier or more difficult.” The better you operate the harvester, the easier it is to use the forwarder efficiently,” Pär says.
A CIRCUS ON WHEELS Wikmans Skogsmaskiner AB is based in Gällivare in northern Sweden and the company’s work sites are mainly located within a radius of 120-150 kilometres. The team’s sites are often far away, so they usually sleep in the company’s two caravans, both equipped with beds for four persons. The Vikmans also have a maintenance trailer in case any repair work is needed. In addition, they have a sauna trailer to make life on the road more pleasant. “This is like a little circus – we have everything we need with us,” Anders says.
Pär Vikman Snowcross # 165
NEED FOR SPEED
Standing idle is not Anders’ cup of tea. He was only 14 years old when he first joined his father in a forest machine. He enjoys his work as a forest machine entrepreneur, but it’s also important to have time for elk hunting.
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A fascination with machines and especially high speed clearly runs in the family. Anders used to be involved in folk racing. “I never had to think twice about getting into motorsports. I just had to decide on the form,” Jens says with Pär nodding in the background. Ever since they were little boys, Pär and Jens have loved snowmobiles and motocross, so snocross was a natural choice for them. “After seeing Pär do it, I wanted to try it too. The next year I was doing snocross on an Arctic Cat,” Jens says. Snocross tracks are similar to motocross tracks but rougher. The track is usually shorter and more intense. The drivers easily end up in situations where they get injured. “Bumps and bruises are part of the sport and accidents cannot
always be avoided. At these speeds, accidents often lead to serious injuries.” So which is more fun – snocross or motocross? “Snocross for sure, but in the summer we train and race on twowheelers. It’s good practice for the winter. You are also more likely to get injured in motocross because you fall on hardground,” Pär explains.
FRIENDLY RIVALRY Both Pär and Jens have made rapid progress in snowmobile racing. They only got involved in the sport about five years ago. Their enthusiasm, talent and hard training has yielded good results. In May, Pär won the European championship in the Arctic Cat Cup in Levi and finished third in the Swedish national championship race. In 2016, Jens won a silver medal in the junior class of the Sverige Cup. The year before, he won the Finnish
The harvester is equipped with an H6 harvester head
championship in hill racing. There is a great deal of rivalry between the brothers. “And we just keep getting more and more competitive,” Jens laughs. “However, it doesn’t stop us from giving each other tips. It helps us do better when we compete with each other. It definitely makes a difference,” Pär says. So, what is the best thing about the sport? “It’s definitely the adrenaline rush. Also the feeling that you are doing well and are able to overcome difficult parts and become better,” the brothers say.
ACHIEVING RESULTS IN THE FOREST
THE BEST PARTS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP
The high-speed hobby cannot be seen on the surface, but looks are deceiving. The men are very competitive at heart and it shows even in the forest. “Of course you always want to be a little better and quicker,” Pär says. “The boys try to keep up with their old man and they definitely have their work cut out for them,” Anders says. “Or at least that’s what dad thinks,” Pär and Jens say in unison.
Pär is already a partner in the company and Jens is also planning to become a partner, so that the brothers can take over the company when Anders retires. “Age-wise I could already step aside, but I am happy to stay in the team for a little longer,” says Anders who still very much enjoys working in the industry. Pär and Jens do not hesitate to take lity. “This is a great job!” Jens says.
In the future, Pär and Jens may also buy construction machines, for example excavators and wheel loaders. “Our operations could be fragmented, but we would also have another support structure. We will have to plan how to make everything work as a whole. It’s part of the fascination of being an entrepreneur,” Pär says.
Reversible Fans For Radiator Cleaning
Improved Air Increased Conditioning Horsepower
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PONSSE SCORPION FIVE YEARS IN PRODUCTION
â€˜I selected the Scorpion because I believed that it would offer the best working conditions, high productivity and excellent usability. I am happy with the machine as a whole because it is safe and productive. The Scorpion has also impressed our operators because its good visibility makes their work easier. After using it for a year, I can say that its productivity is better than that of my previous machinesâ€™. Pedro Ferreira, Transportes Ferreirenses, Portugal The first Scorpion in Portugal
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The PONSSE Scorpion was first presented at the Elmia Wood Fair in Jönköping, Sweden, in the summer of 2013 and the model went into production six months later. Now, almost one thousand machines later, it is a good time to look at how well the customer expectations have been met.
he development of the Scorpion began in 2009, based on Einari Vidgrén’s initiative. “Einari strongly supported the development of a new machine type. We had a clear direction. The machine should not be similar to our competitors’ products but clearly better,” says designer Pentti Hukkanen who was responsible for the Scorpion’s layout design. “We realized early on that a remarkable increase in harvesting productivity would only be possible if the ergonomics were improved.” With this in mind, Ponsse’s product development team began to develop a new machine type. The first prototype was quietly completed in August 2011. Its productivity and ergonomics were thoroughly examined at the factory’s testing sites. The results were encouraging. The new structure worked and the operator ergonomics as well as visibility took a big leap forward. Impressed by the good test results, Ponsse gave the first machine to a customer for field testing at the beginning of 2012. “Ponsse has always developed its products in close cooperation with its customers. This is why we wanted to collect user experiences right from the start. Our customers give us valuable feedback on the functioning of the machines and aspects requiring further development. As we begin field testing at an early stage of the development process, we are able to take requests into consideration early. This ensures a flexible product development process that takes our customers’ wishes into
consideration,” says R&D Director Juha Inberg. The field tests produced a lot of feedback on the machine’s chassis and symmetry. Product development continued alongside field testing. The machine’s structure and automation featured various new solutions and it took a lot of time and resources to test their functioning. The main area of interest during testing was the twoforked crane behind the cabin. The crane structure was tested in the field and through fatigue testing, during which the field conditions were repeated at an accelerated pace. The team finally chose a cast structure that withstood even demanding slope conditions.
WITH ALMOST 1,000 SCORPIONS UNDER THE BELT During the past five years, a great deal of user experience has been accumulated and the Scorpion has been actively developed in accordance with the principles of continuous improvement, for example in terms of fuel efficiency. In many market areas the PONSSE Scorpion has become the most popular harvester model. “Five years and almost one
thousand Scorpions later, we are very proud of this model. It has definitely lived up to the expectations with regard to ergonomics and productivity. In terms of productivity and efficiency, the PONSSE Scorpion is still a completely unique harvester,” says Product Manager Jan Kauhanen. “Ergonomics have a great impact on the productivity of timber harvesting. With the Scorpion, any swaying caused by uneven terrain does not affect the cabin and the operator can fully concentrate on their work. The active suspension system automatically balances the cabin at all times and as the operator sits in the centre of the movement, they are not affected by forces pulling in different directions. Also, the fact that the crane is located behind the cabin makes the machine more stable and the operator can use it equally well, no matter what side of the trail they are working on. Visibility is also an important element in ergonomic work. When using the Scorpion, the operator is always able to see all the trees around the machine, which improves the quality of harvesting, especially at thinning sites,” Jan Kauhanen says.
PONSSE SCORPION / PONSSE SCORPION KING Typical weight
21,900 kg / 22,500 kg
Engine power (EU and North America), (other countries)
210 kW 205 kW
170 kN / 180 kN
1 circuit / 2 circuits
‘The ninth PONSSE Scorpion in the United States was my sixth cut-to-length machine. The machine has definitely been worth the wait! I have used the machine for four years and a year ago I bought another one. I now have two Scorpions as well as one Buffalo and one Elephant. Ponsse is the best partner I have worked with during my 45-year career’.
‘I am very happy with the Scorpion King. The quality of harvested timber is better and the speed of work has increased. Thanks to the Scorpion, we are able to work efficiently in difficult conditions. I am also fascinated by the modern appearance of the machine’.
Stan Nelson Jr. Logging, Minnesota USA
Y. Lukin, OOO Reid, Russia The first Scorpion in Perm, Russia
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MCMILLAN LOGGING IS HELPING TURN TATE’S HELL STATE FOREST INTO A SUSTAINABLE FOREST.
Located near Panama City, Florida, Tate’s Hell State Forest is beautiful, yet forbidding. Predominantly swampland, it’s not an easy place to make a living by logging. Only a select few like Steve McMillan are up to the challenge.
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COPYWRITING: KEVIN ORFIELD PHOTOGRAPHY: DAVID LEE MJOLSNESS
If timber is there, we’ll get it Steven McMillan, Owner, McMillan Logging
648L Skidder equipped with Duals for improved flotation
Tate’s Hell State Forest has an interesting history that tells visitors a bit about its unforgiving nature. The forest was named after farmer Cebe Tate. In 1875, Tate ventured off into the swampland armed with a shotgun to find a panther that was killing his livestock. After becoming lost, he was bitten by a snake. He survived for seven days by drinking murky water to stay alive. According to legend, when he finally found civilization, he lived only long enough to utter the words, “I’m Cebe Tate, and I’ve just come from Hell.” Over a century later, Steve McMillan, owner of McMillan Logging of Bristol, Florida, and his crew work a tract of pine in the 202,437-acre forest. He’s built a successful logging business, but like Cebe Tate, McMillan knows what it’s like to be snakebit. “Like every logger, I’ve seen good times and bad. Right now things are pretty good, but I’ve had my share of sleepless nights worrying about paying the bills. To be a logger, you must have the right disposition and not let the really bad times worry you.” Tate’s Hell State Forest may be heaven for campers and canoers, but it isn’t exactly a logger’s paradise. About half of the forest is covered in swamp. Even the driest ground is still spongy. In the wettest areas, logging machines must battle deep muck and mire. McMillan and his crew thin the forest for the Florida Forest Service. “Thinning makes for a healthier forest,” he says. “It benefits wildlife and opens the way for controlled burning to prevent wildfires. It’s just good for everything.”
The crew produces approximately 80 to 100 loads a week. The timber is sold mostly for pulp to a local mill, along with some saw timber. “Wood ranges from 22 to as old as 65 years old,” says McMillan. “Some of it is original timber that’s never been thinned.”
COME HELL OR HIGH WATER From the early 1950s to the mid 1990s, private forest companies attempted to drain Tate’s Hell Swamp and establish pine plantations for supplying timber to pulpwood mills. The draining negatively impacted marine life, and other alterations further disrupted the natural ecosystem. Thousands of acres were converted to slash pine and fertilized, putting too much phosphorus and nitrogen into the environment. Hundreds of miles of roads and drainage ditches were constructed, which actually made drainage much worse. In 1994, the state began acquiring the forest to restore ecosystems and drainage patterns to their natural state. The Florida Forest Service manages the forest through a combination of prescribed fire, timber thinning, and a number of major hydrological-restoration projects. Its mandate is to ensure sustainable timber, wildlife, and water, while improving the aesthetics and recreational opportunities of the forest. McMillan works closely with the state foresters and biologists, who manage the forest to preserve its health for generations to come. “I can’t say enough nice things about these folks,” says McMillan. “They are really on top of what they’re doing. They’re good people.”
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Joshua McMillan, Steve McMillan, Monroe Ammons, Tyler Ammons, Jonathan Ammons
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Conversely, the foresters couldn’t do their jobs without McMillan, who is specially equipped to work in the unique, swampy environment. His operation runs a John Deere 803M Tracked Feller Buncher, a 648L Skidder, and a 437E Knuckleboom Loader. A tracked feller buncher is an unusual sight on a logging operation in the Southeast, but in the swampy conditions, the 803M works perfectly. “It’s very nimble and has a light footprint,” says McMillan. “With conventional equipment, we could harvest 70, maybe 80 percent of the forest. With the 803M we can harvest it all. If timber is there, we’ll get it.” McMillan appreciates the FR22B head on the 803M, which rotates 360 degrees. “For thinning in these woods, it’s been a lifesaver. We couldn’t work without it.” The 648L Skidder is equipped with duals for improved flotation. Swamp logging would be literally impossible without duals, according to McMillan. Joysticks also make the job easier. “Joysticks are much more responsive than a steering wheel. They steer more quickly and are more comfortable over a long shift. Every operator I’ve ever known prefers them.”
DON’T LOOK BACK McMillan is happiest when he’s in the seat of the 803M Tracked Feller Buncher, deep in Tate’s Hell State Forest felling trees. “There are two kinds of loggers,” he reflects. “The ones that come to the woods, and the ones that manage. I’m the kind that comes to the woods.” Like Henry David Thoreau in Walden, McMillan went to the woods deliberately. Many loggers descend from generations of loggers, but McMillan didn’t come from a logging family. “It was 1972, and I was on summer break from college,” he remembers. “A bunch of boys I grew up with talked me into going into the woods with them. They said it would be a good summer job.” Logging was tough in the premechanized days of hand felling and cable skidding. “It was pretty dangerous back then. Everything was done with chain saws and by dragging cables.” But McMillan never looked back. “I just fell in love with it. It was supposed to be a summer job, but I didn’t return to school. I stayed in the woods.” McMillan’s mother was disappointed initially. She raised him without a father, working three jobs to make ends meet. “We were dirt poor. My mother worked hard so we could all go to college and have a better life. When I quit school, it broke her heart a bit. But years later she understood. If you love what you are doing and you’re happy, that’s the most important thing in the world.” As Thoreau wrote in Walden, “If one advances confidently in the direction of his dreams, and endeavors to live the life which he has imagined, he will meet with a success unexpected in common hours.” In the woods, McMillan has not only found success, but an extended family. Some of his employees have been with him since he got his start close to 30 years ago. In addition to his wife, Sharon, who manages operations, and his son, Josh, he works closely with crew members Monroe Ammons and his sons, Jonathan and Tyler. “The one thing I love most about logging is the people — from the folks at our John Deere
803M Tracked Feller Buncher with FR22B Head
The one thing I love most about logging is the people Steven McMillan, Owner, McMillan Logging Tate’s Hell State Forest at a Glance: • 202,437 acres • A pproximately 50 percent wet habitat, including wet prairie and swampland • M ajor hydrologic feature is Tate’s Hell Swamp • P ast management practices disturbed the natural ecosystems • R estoring these ecosystems is the primary goal of the Florida Forest Service • H ome to dwarf cypress that do not exceed 15 feet tall Certified as a sustainable forest by the Sustainable Forestry Initiative® in 2016
Source: Florida Department of Agriculture, Florida Forest Service.
dealership to the foresters to my crew. There are just good people in the forestry industry. They all share a common goal of loving the outdoors and managing timber so it is a sustainable resource.”
McMillan Logging, Inc. is serviced by Beard Equipment Co., Tallahassee, Florida.
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Komatsu Forest presents new features of its 2020 models At SkogsNolia 2019, Komatsu Forest launched an upgraded product range, with the majority of the machines new. The machines are equipped with a brand-new engine installation conforming to the latest emission legislation. The new, future-proof control system, MaxiXT, was also launched.
longside these, the company presented a number of quality improvements and new functions to simplify day-today tasks for machine operators and to increase profitability. These include the new MaxiVision service, which takes production planning to a whole new level. All 2020 harvester models have been upgraded, from the agile Komatsu 901 thinning harvester through the bestselling eightwheel Komatsu 931XC to the stately Komatsu 951. Among the forwarders, the three largest – the Komatsu 855, 875 and 895 models – have been upgraded. One standout feature is the brand-new engine installation, which conforms to the latest emission legislation (Stage V). It also offers many other benefits, such as an all-new AdBlue system, a new exhaust system and hydraulic tappets. Despite the new, larger engine installation, the machine boasts the same slim design with good all-round visibility and views – right down to the wheels. Another new announcement is the MaxiXT control system, the machine’s nervous system, controlling everything from the engine to the crane and the head. In connection with this, the Automatic Central Lubrication option is now integrated with MaxiXT, making it easy to monitor from the cab. What’s more, on harvesters the grease tank has
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been doubled in size, meaning less refilling for the operator. MaxiXT brings with it improved anti-theft measures as the operator must log in to the system to start the machine, or else use a remote key with a unique operator ID. Yet another added feature is the ability to record signal sequences to send to support, for simpler and speedier troubleshooting. As for the forwarders, they have been upgraded in a number of areas. Smaller but important details, such as better wear plates on the front blade, longer wiper blades on the side windows and less reflection from the gate. A much-requested new forwarder feature is the SpeedShift option – a smart solution that enables the operator to use the machine’s full speed range without having to stop to change gear. This makes travelling to the landing faster and, as the collapsible steering wheel has been replaced with a handy mini steering wheel, driving there is also more straightforward. Another new addition is the Overspeed Protection option, protecting key transmission components from over-revving. On the harvesters, offroad manoeuvrability has been improved in several areas. Parts of the rear axle have been redesigned, providing higher ground clearance and making it easier to tackle steep ditches and other obstacles in challenging terrain. On top of this, both the tractive force and the
power steering have been refined, improving offroad manoeuvrability and increasing productivity. Harvester operators will also notice a large number of additional storage spaces, as well as practical finesses such as a portable lamp to better facilitate servicing. Moving on to the heads, there is the new Komatsu C164, which is a perfect match for the Komatsu 951. This head is based on the same technology as the C124 and C144 models, with the stem held up by the feed rollers and the delimbing knives used primarily for delimbing. The head has four powered feed rollers and the Constant Cut function, ensuring an even cutting speed throughout the cutting cycle. In addition to the new machine features, a brand-new service – MaxiVision – was launched as part of MaxiFleet. MaxiVision helps the operator to visualise the current state and conditions of the forest. Different map views provide the operator with data about ground conditions and the rest of the team’s production, enabling them to plan their work as efficiently as possible and with minimal forest impact. Since the service is cloudbased, updates occur in real time and any changes are immediately seen on-screen in the cab. The 2020 models were launched in conjunction with SkogsNolia in mid-June.
INVESTING in SILVICULTURE Back in 2010, Tigercat visited silviculture contractor, Donald Robbins who collaborated with the company to modify a 610 series skidder to suit his requirements for a silviculture base carrier. Eight years later, Tigercat revisited Donald’s operations to check up on the machines and learn a little more about his current challenges and the importance of modern, reliable, purpose-built equipment. – PAUL IAROCCI
obbins Forestry Inc. is a long-established multi-service company servicing timberland owners and stakeholders in Florida and Georgia. “We work for timber companies, paper companies and private landowners. We do fertilization, herbicidal spraying and mechanical tree planting,” explains Donald. “Our service provides a tremendous value. You can’t take herbicides and fertilizers out of farming, and it’s the same with forestry.” Donald estimates that fertilization alone provides at least a 25-30% boost to the productivity of a working forest. “It varies from site to site, but fertilization just adds a tremendous value.” Site prep spraying, which is performed prior to planting, falls in a window between August and November. The next step
is planting, which occurs in the winter months, when the trees are dormant and less susceptible to shock. A second spray treatment – performed after planting in spring – targets grasses and broad leaves. “Timing is a big factor in all of our spraying. Whether it is the fall spraying that we are doing now for gallberry control, oaks and any kind of hardwood, or herbaceous weed control which is done March through May. They are two different types of spray. Our goal is not eradication, it’s control.” Fertilizing ranges from one to three different applications. The fi rst phosphorous application is performed when the seedlings are two to three years old. Additional nitrogen and phosphorous applications occur later in the rotations. The fertilizer applications depend on what the landowner is trying to achieve at the end of the
People still view silviculture more as a cost and not an investment and that is the wrong way to look at it Donald Robbins, owner of Robbins Forestry Inc.
International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 53
rotation – pulp, or saw timber. Donald explains that when you look back at the last 30 to 40 years in harvesting, there has been tremendous progress in the machinery in terms of efficiency and productivity. “The same thing hasn’t happened in silviculture. All of the money is at the end of the rotation. People still view silviculture more as a cost and not an investment and that is the wrong way to look at it. It’s truly an investment. The decisions you make upfront are a direct reflection on what you are going to get at the end of the rotation.” Historically, Donald battled overheating issues, whether it was the farm tractors or the previous skidder brand that he was running. “We could never cool down the tractor. You know down here it gets to be 95 degrees. We would have to shut down in the afternoon because it would be running too hot. We made a lot of changes, trying to improve on it. We moved some of the coolers from the front to the back and put an auxiliary fan on it. We did all of this ourselves and still were not able to cool the tractor down. Tigercat upfront was able to run the tractor at a
good operating temperature and we haven’t had any issues at all with overheating. It is just a lot more dependable, a much better design.” Donald is currently running six Tigercat spreaders – all purchased from Tidewater Equipment – and the oldest has acquired around 12,000 hours. The spreaders are a long-term investment. “We’re not able to trade like a logger,” Donald explains. “This is a specialty tractor. I just can’t go down to Tidewater and trade it in on a brand new one.” In the absence of a used equipment market, Donald needs to be able to run the machines into very high hours while guarding against downtime and excessive mechanical repair costs. For those reasons, Donald is meticulous with regard to fleet maintenance and service intervals. He doesn’t cut corners with fluids or filtration, acknowledging that a little upfront investment can save a lot down the road. Uptime is crucial because silviculture work is even more seasonal than logging. “All of our work is seasonal work. We have a window and we want to do as many acres in that window as we can
Two of Donald’s newest machines working in tandem in a site prep application.
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get. Rain, wind, both of those are big issues with the sprayer. One thing about ground versus aerial is that we are able to spray in winds and up to a ten mile an hour wind. A helicopter can only spray up to seven.” From an environmental perspective Donald’s groundbased equipment offers other advantages over aerial spraying methods. “I feel a lot better with ground equipment over aerial equipment, especially down here where we are not but two miles from the Okefenokee Swamp. All of these creeks flow into the swamp. So we are very concerned about where we put our product. With ground-based equipment running at a maximum of 8 km/h (5 mph), Donald feels that he has a lot more control compared to a helicopter travelling at 100 km/h (60 mph). “The Tigercats are really the future and the heart of our operation. Tigercat has been working with us now for over eight years. We are very proud of where we have gotten to. These tractors are a lot more productive and a lot safer for my men,” Donald asserts. “I am impressed with the young engineers and their attitudes and
Tidewater Equipment, 919 Chip Mill Rd, Maxville, FL 32234, USA
how they handle their problems, which are our problems. Everybody just seems excited about what we are doing and that makes us excited about it.” The machines are designed to travel between or over the beds depending on tire size and wheel offset. “The newer machines are nine and a half feet wide with 35.5 tires and we are straddling the bed going down. The other tractors are running 30.5 tires as well and they can actually go between the two beds and big timber. Any one of our tractors can be taken off of one job and be put on another job. And that is important. You know that one piece of equipment can do it all.” In the site prep applications, the soil is freshly tilled and soft with very little forest debris to stand on. In this terrain a machine can quickly bog down and Donald
Tigercat supplies the base carrier but that is only the beginning for Donald, who is challenged with the design and installation of the tanks and spraying equipment.
has always been concerned about weight and ground pressure. “We are very happy with the 35.5 tires and the stance of the tractor. It has been able to stand up well. The front and rear differential lock is really useful. We also added the EHS transmission to these two
new tractors which is phenomenal. When they start bogging in, the operators can feel the transmission cut in and it gives them a lot more power. Machine width was probably one of the biggest factors when Donald started dealing with Tigercat. To get to the required width, Tigercat designed an oscillating centre section to accommodate a fixed front axle in order to reduce the overall width of the machine. “So we are able to bring the tires closer in to the frame. And that fixed our problem,” explains Donald. Tigercat has incorporated the design into the 602 series skidders in a similar bid to reduce width for tight selective logging applications. Donald emphasizes the importance of closed cabins with proper climate control and operator protection, recognizing that open cab farm tractors are still used in the industry. The fatigue inducing effects of working in open air during humid summer weather conditions is physically draining and productivity reducing. A stick thrown up by a tire or a yellowjacket nest poses a real danger. “I am very concerned about our silviculture business,” says Donald earnestly. “We have the genetics, we have herbicides that target certain plants, we have
fertilization. We have all of this but still a lot of the equipment you see on other jobs is the same equipment that has been used for 30 years. So I really appreciate that Tigercat works with me. I have had their people in my shop. It’s a personal relationship. That is the only way I know how to say it. And Tidewater does a good job. Eight years ago, this was a new idea. And if Tigercat built one and it did not work, then that would have been a tremendous loss. They were willing to gamble with me and it means a lot to me. They’ve got more to sell than a piece of equipment. They’ve got people behind it. That’s the key.”
Robbins Forestry Inc.
This article originally appeared in Between the Branches, April 2019, the official publication of Tigercat Industries Inc.
Watch the video https://vimeo.com/304691681
International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 55
FOCUS ON UK & IRISH FORESTRY
Confor pressure secures doubled funds for forestry in Wales A grant pot of £2 million for new woodland creation was announced yesterday by Lesley Griffiths, Minister for Environment, Energy and Rural Affairs, following pressure from Confor to demonstrate Welsh Government commitment to planting trees. Speaking at an event marking 100 years of Welsh Forestry at the 100th Royal Welsh Show, Ms Griffiths said that the funding was a mark of their commitment to meet targets of 2000 hectares new woodland creation each year. The extra funding pledge signals intent on the part of Welsh Government to meet these targets. Ms Griffiths said that Welsh Government fully recognise that not enough is being planted, and that she is holding interesting conversations with colleagues about solutions to the challenges of woodland creation. She also restated her commitment to new compensatory planting for woodland lost on the Welsh Forest
Estate to windfarm development, and said that she was working with First Minister Mark Drakeford on proposals for a National Forest for Wales. Anthony Geddes, Confor National Manager for Wales, said, “This is a welcome step forward, Confor have been working closely with the minister and her forest policy team to turn warm words on forestry into trees in the ground. New woodland creation in Wales is vital to provide timber for housing, meet planting targets, create wildlife habitats and strengthen our natural capital. “The grants need to reflect planting targets and other barriers to planting and management remain to be addressed, before Welsh woodlands deliver these benefits to the level required. However, this extra funding as a signal of intent is exactly what we have been asking for from Welsh Government. I would urge Confor members to take advantage of this
opportunity and apply for these grants, to create the first of a new generation of Welsh Forests.” Andrew Sowerby of Pryor and Rickett said, “This increase in funding is a important step forward in addressing the lack of planting in Wales. If the Minister has any scope to increase this further she will find the forestry industry ready and willing to help her meet this policy commitment” The £2m grant fund under the Glastir Woodland Creation scheme will open on 30 September. Landowners are encouraged to submit expressions of interest. Welsh government reinstated the Glastir woodland creation scheme in wales after failing to commit funding to the program in 2018. The resulting gap in support saw planting figures in Wales reach their lowest level in 30 years. The current funding available for planting would meet 750 hectares of the 2000 ha target that the WG has set this year
Lesley Griffiths, Minister for Environment, Energy and Rural Affairs
Anthony Geddes, Confor National Manager for Wales
Veon concludes largest private sale of forestry in Irish history Veon has been the main driver behind the two largest CSR opportunities in Irish forestry over the past decade and is recognised as the primary source for providing Irish forestry investment solutions for institutional, family wealth office and HNWI investors who seek to fulfil their Environmental Social and Governance obligations. AXA Investment Managers have acquired the entire portfolio of the Irish Forestry Funds and the transaction is the largest private sale of forestry by value in Irish history and Gresham House Asset Management has been appointed
by AXA Investment Managers – Real Assets as the exclusive asset manager. Christophe Lebrun, head of forestry at Axa IM Real Assets, said the portfolio had an attractive income profile for its investors. Veon will continue to provide forestry management services on the portfolio. Commenting on the transaction, Paul Brosnan, Chairman of the Irish Forestry Funds stated “this is a very positive development for our 12,400 shareholders, with the portfolio’s value and returns serving as a strong endorsement
56 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
of the Irish forestry and timber sector”. AXA Investment Managers has acquired the 4,074-hectare forestry portfolio, divided across 185 different estates. The value of the deal with Veon, Irelands largest private forest management company, has not been disclosed. The portfolio was independently advised by Deloitte and marketed in a competitive tender process. Commenting on the new mandate, GHAM’s managing director of forestry, Olly Hughes, said: “We are thrilled to have brought this landmark transaction
Olly Hughes Managing Director of forestry, GHAM’s together and to support AXA IM – Real Assets’ efforts to offer investors long-term sustainable investments. Environmental, social and governance concerns are becoming increasingly important for investors”. As a member of Sustainable Nation Ireland, Veon is committed to helping accelerate Ireland’s transition to a low carbon economy and in combatting the effects of climate change.
FOCUS ON UK & IRISH FORESTRY
Planting target ‘smashed’ in Scotland More than 10,000 hectares of new woodland have been planted in Scotland for the first time in almost 20 years, it was recently announced. Confor has welcomed the figures - 11,200 hectares of new planting, up from 7,100 the previous year - and called on the forestry industry to maintain the momentum and drive on to meet the next landmark Scottish Government target of 15,000 hectares by 2025. Stuart Goodall, Confor’s CEO, said: “I’m delighted that we’ve met and gone well beyond our planting target in Scotland. “This is great news for the sector, but also for all Scotland now that the First Minister has announced a climate emergency. “Planting trees locks up carbon and by harvesting and replanting them sustainably, we can produce an infinitely renewable supply of wood with which to build homes and to manufacture an array of everyday products - while also reducing carbon in the atmosphere. “Scotland is leading the way in the UK, with 84 per cent of all new
planting happening in Scotland. “Confor has worked long and hard with the Scottish Government to get to this point and I truly hope the momentum will be maintained in the coming years. We now need the rest of the UK to move beyond ramped-up rhetoric on a climate emergency and begin to take the positive action that we see in Scotland.” Confor has set a target of 18,000 hectares of new planting annually in Scotland by 2030 as part of its ambitious but achievable targets to drive up UK-wide planting to help mitigate climate change – part of Confor’s campaign #ThinkGlobalPlantLocal. “Fergus Ewing supported the 18,000 hectare target when it was announced, although it went beyond existing Scottish Government targets, which is very positive,” said Mr Goodall. “We look forward to continued constructive partnership with Scottish Government, Scottish Forestry and all stakeholders to keep driving up planting to deliver multiple benefits, including creating jobs, supporting wildlife
and tackling climate change.” Cabinet Secretary for Rural Economy Secretary Fergus Ewing said: “This is fantastic news that we’ve smashed the targets. It is testament to the Scottish Government making forestry a priority and investing and helping growing the industry. “The whole tree planting effort has truly been a national endeavour with all forestry interests, both large and small, pulling together.” The statistics were released the day after the UK Government signed up to deliver net zero carbon emissions by 2050. Successive reports by the Committee on Climate Change have highlighted planting new forests as crucial in removing atmospheric carbon and reaching the net zero position. Mr Goodall added: “It is also encouraging that the conifer percentage of the new planting is higher than in the last decade, as they will be the lifeblood for the Scottish timber processing industry of the future and help both Scotland (and the rest of the UK)
Stuart Goodall, Confor’s CEO attain future new housing targets – and deliver many of the wood products we all use.” Andrew Heald, Confor’s Technical Director, said: “What is particularly good to see is that so much of this new woodland has been created at relatively small scale by farmers and estate owners, indicating that the message of integrated land use is better understood. There is much greater understanding that planting trees can provide excellent shelter-belts for livestock, helping with animal health and welfare and a diversified income in the long term. “We also welcome the investment by others to buy land and create larger new forests and woodlands. We need that mix of large and small areas of planting to deliver on our wide-ranging economic, environmental and social ambitions.”
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International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 57
FOCUS ON UK & IRISH FORESTRY
Confor presses forestry case with new ministerial team Confor has urged the new ministerial team at Defra to work with the industry to drive up tree planting rates significantly to tackle the damaging effects of climate change. New Forestry Minister Zac Goldsmith MP has a track record of environmental activism and Confor hopes that he will push for rapid increases in tree planting to help tackle the climate emergency. His new boss, Secretary of State for the Environment, Theresa Villiers MP, has also shown support for tree planting. In a Westminster Hall debate on Forestry in England in January 2018, she said: “A key goal for all of us who recognise the benefits of woods and forests is not just protecting what we have, but planting more trees.” She went on to express the wish that the private sector should do more to help achieve the long term goal of 12 per cent afforestation in England by 2060. Confor Chief Executive Stuart Goodall said he hoped for early meetings with both the Secretary of State and the Forestry Minister. He added: “We very much look forward to working with Theresa
Villiers and Zac Goldsmith to continue pushing forestry and wood products up the political agenda. The imperative to plant many more trees - especially productive forestry at scale - is greater than ever. Successive reports from the Committee on Climate Change have identified a vital role for large-scale tree planting in removing atmospheric carbon and mitigating the damaging effects of climate change, while using wood locks up that carbon.” The letter to Theresa Villiers says: “Confor and its members look forward to working with you to drive up tree planting in England. A significant increase is necessary to meet national targets and make a critical contribution to alleviating the global climate emergency but it is very achievable through constructive partnership working.” Mr Goodall said he was especially keen to discuss positive progress made in areas like Northumberland. “There are a number of initiatives coming together which make me confident that with political support, we can really see a step change in planting
and woodland management - which would be a positive investment in a cleaner, greener future for the UK,” he said. “It is also crucial in these meetings to gain further clarity on how funding for forestry will work after Brexit.” As well as his appointment as Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at Defra (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs), Mr Goldsmith is a Minister of State at the Department for International Development. Mr Goodall added: “This is a very interesting combination of portfolios and I hope to raise the issue with Zac Goldsmith of how planting more trees at home can reduce the long-term need for imported timber. We need to do everything we can to stop exporting our forest and carbon footprint.” Mr Goodall also paid tribute to Michael Gove MP and David Rutley MP. “Michael Gove really pushed the climate change and environment brief up the political agenda and David Rutley
New Forestry Minister Zac Goldsmith MP developed a real understanding of the benefits of more tree planting and the greater use of home-grown wood. We worked very closely with him and one of his final ministerial visits was to see forestry and wood processing in Northumberland. We are very keen to work with Defra officials to get Zac Goldsmith on a similar visit soon to start delivering on the real potential of the forestry and timber sector.” Confor has extended a similar invitation to Theresa Villers.
Investors in Irish forestry learn money doesn’t grow on trees It turns out that money doesn’t grow on trees after all. Forestry investment funds were all the rage in the late 1990s and early noughties, as thousands of retail investors were lured by suggestions of huge returns after lock-in periods of typically up to 30 years report The Irish Times. One of the main operators in the sector, Irish Forestry Funds (IFF), co-founded by industry veteran Paul Brosnan, suggested in some of its early prospectuses that investors might receive compounded annual returns of up to 14.6 per cent. Such “illustrative returns” aren’t cast-iron legal guarantees. But the inclusion of these lofty figures in an official 1997 prospectus is evidence of the hype surrounding the sector at that time. To the surprise of many of
the 12,400 shareholders who pitched in over the years, IFF has just sold its portfolio of 18 funds to Axa Investment Managers. Shareholders, who thought they were locked in for years still to come, weren’t consulted ahead of the sale, which was decided by Brosnan and IFF co-director Trevor McHugh. The directors say the decision was legally mandated to them.
McHugh says many headwinds are affecting the sector, from Brexit to crop disease to the US-China trade war IFF investors’ cheques arrived in the post on Wednesday morning, and, judging from correspondence to this newspaper and on online forums, many are furious with the outcome.The Axa deal has resulted
58 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
in annual returns of between 2 and 3 per cent in most cases. That’s a far cry from the huge “illustrative returns” in the marketing bumph. McHugh insists there are many headwinds affecting the sector, from Brexit to crop disease to the US-China trade war. He defended the sale and the returns by saying IFF had “locked in value” for investors. Veon, a company in which McHugh and Brosnan are involved,
is being kept on by Axa to provide “technical” forestry management services. Fund investors, meanwhile, are left licking their wounds at what they see as paltry returns, although at least they’re not sitting on losses. When it comes to making investment decisions, retail buyers would do well to stick to a golden rule: never, ever believe the hype.
FOCUS ON UK & IRISH FORESTRY
Scottish Government fund alleviates pressures from timber lorries Increasing the levels of community, social and environmental benefit will be the main gain from £6.6 million of Scottish Government funding for projects that minimise the impact of timber lorries on Scotland’s rural road network. Some of the main regions to benefit are Argyll (£1.78 million), Perth and Kinross (£795,910), Highland (£527,600), and Scottish Borders (£710,705). Projects in Dumfries and Galloway, Ayrshire, Moray, Angus, Clackmannanshire, Stirling and Aberdeenshire were also awarded funds. The awards are drawn from the Strategic Timber Transport Fund (STTF), managed by Scottish Forestry. The fund co-finances projects that will improve mostly minor rural roads throughout Scotland or that promote modal shift, taking lorries off the road and transporting timber to market by sea. One project to be awarded funding this year is the construction of a landing craft ramp at Allt Daraich, Argyll. In addition, £800,000 has been awarded to support the TimberLINK shipping service which moves 80-100,000 tonnes of timber from forests in Argyll to markets in Ayrshire, taking nearly a million
lorry miles off the public road. Announcing the recent awards, Cabinet Secretary for the Rural Economy, Fergus Ewing, MSP said; “Scotland’s £1 billion forestry industry is going from strength to strength, producing millions of tonnes of high quality timber every year that will greatly benefit our rural economy. “However, it is important that we do what we can to mitigate the impact on local communities of increased volumes of timber coming to market. “That is the key purpose of the Timber Transport Fund and it is encouraging to know that local authorities and forest owners continue to bring forward project ideas that will facilitate the sustainable transport of timber and ultimately benefit local communities and the environment.” As well as providing these wider community benefits required under the scheme, the funding also delivers benefits to the timber processing sector. David Sulman of the Confederation of Forest Industries, and Chair of the STTF Assessment Panel, said; “This funding is greatly needed to improve our rural roads to suit
modern land uses such as forestry. Work on minor roads – whether it is strengthen the road surface, widening corners, adding traffic calming measures or providing passing places – makes it easier for local residents and business to share the rural road network. “The scheme also supports work to improve the freight capacity on some busy rural A roads, which is vital for shifting sustainably grown timber from Scotland’s forests to timber processing and manufacturing facilities.” The projects supported not only ensure the continuing steady stream of quality timber to processors across the country but also reduce the number of road miles required to transport timber to market when shipping timber to market. Of the 34 successful 2019 funding bids, some for the largest awards include: • Angus - B955 & U405 Glen Clova/ Glen Doll - £231,000
Fergus Ewing, MSP Cabinet Secretary for the Rural Economy
• Ayrshire - Carriageway Strengthening Improvements A713 - £223,500 • Perth & Kinross - B827 Langside Road timber transport route improvements - £429,244 • Scottish Borders - B6357 Jedburgh to Newcastleton £382,130 • Stirling - B829 Kinlochard by Aberfoyle - £244,808 The funding also supports the work of five regionally based Project Officers who engage with Local Authorities and forestry stakeholders to identify any local timber transport issues and seek to identify potential solutions. All projects are required to meet the Strategic Timber Transport Scheme (STTS) funding criteria.
• Argyll – A816 Lochgilphead to Oban - £468,207 o Lochawe haulage routes £633,529 o East Kintyre Haulage Routes B842 to Campbeltown - £403,923
IFI October - November 2019 Issue Lumber Processing
Logging & Biomass
Shifting & Sorting
Prime Movers & Mulcher Attachments
Tyres & Chains
International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 59
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56 International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019
John Deere 910G
North America - New John Deere 910G & 1010G forwarders
gile and versatile, the new John Deere 910G and 1010G Forwarders provide loggers with a reliable solution designed with their needs in mind. Equipped with ultra-comfortable cabs and available with a variety of boom, load space, axle and cabin options, the 910G and 1010G machines can be customized for different worksites or operational needs. “With the addition of the new 910G and 1010G Forwarders, we are rounding out our forwarder product line to offer a solution for every logging operation,” said Niko Solopuro, product marketing manager WCTL Forwarders and Automation. “Compact in size, these versatile machines deliver power and productivity, even in the most demanding conditions. When in the woods, it is critical to have reliable equipment that ensures operators can efficiently finish jobs, no matter what they may face.” Available in a six-wheeled or eight-wheeled configuration, the 910G and 1010G models are ideal for early-to-late thinning operations and smaller end final felling applications. Both machines feature an improved design, including a shorter frame in front of the engine to reduce overhang, making operation easier in challenging terrain. Balanced bogie axles, rigid front axles on the sixwheel model, and an unbalanced front bogie axle option offer
increased durability. Additionally, the 1010G is designed for improved, terrain-friendly operation and performance in soft soil, and available with a low-ground pressure rear bogie axle option. The models can be equipped with one of two large load space options, narrow and wide, and the headboard offers better visibility to the load area. The 910G and 1010G models are available with a fixed or rotating and leveling cab. The rotating and leveling cabin helps the operator maintain the correct working posture to prevent stress on the back and shoulder areas, even on uneven terrain, and reduces vibration during operation. A cab rotation of 290 degrees provides a better view of the boom and grapple, while large windows allow for virtually unrestricted all-around visibility. Equipped with comfortable ergonomic armrests, a fully adjustable air-cushioned seat and automated climate-control system, the cab reduces operator fatigue and increases productivity throughout the day. All booms come standard with precise boom control, and the CF5 boom is available with optional Intelligent Boom Control (IBC). The IBC feature simplifies boom operation, automatically controlling the lift, slew and the extension of the boom based on the location of grapple, increasing accuracy, productivity, and, ultimately, the number of loads per each work shift. With IBC, the operator no longer needs to control each independent boom joint movement separately, instead controlling the boom tip directly.
Both models are designed to enhance drivability and productivity, featuring a transmission with high tractive force and Adaptive Driveline Control (ADC). A first in the forestry industry, ADC improves drivability and productivity by allowing the operator can select the desired RPM setting (Eco, Normal, Power) for the operating conditions. Once selected, the system automatically adjusts the engine’s RPMs to correspond with the engine load. In high-load situations, driveline
control ensures that the diesel engine runs smoothly and uses the available maximum tractive force efficiently. The 910G and 1010G models feature the TimberMatic™ control system, which includes a configurable user interface, cruise control and inclination display. MECA control modules, simple CAN busses and a streamlined electrical system improve the efficiency of machine functions. Additionally, the machines are compatible with the TimberMatic Maps and TimberManager technology offerings, which provides a streamlined software solution that enhances machine connectivity and communication. An extension of the control system, the TimberMatic Maps solution utilizes a mobile network to share real-time product information between machines, such as harvester and forwarder, as well as with the managers in the office. This data can be accessed using the TimberManager webbased solution, which allows the managers to follow progress of the work site, offering total visibility to the operation from the land harvest to the machines at work.
John Deere 1010G International Forest Industries | AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2019 IBC
CONFIDENCE BY DESIGN. Mulching prior to planting is an essential step in any silviculture application. A properly mulched site improves soil nutrient levels, increases moisture retention, suppresses weed growth and reduces erosion, facilitating a healthy environment for regrowth. The agile 480B mulcher equipped with the powerful Tigercat 4061 mulching head is the perfect machine for large-scale commercial mulching operations. Low ground pressure allows for good flotation in soft soil conditions. Superior build quality and high horsepower to the head results in greater uptime and higher productivity. Prepare your site properly with a Tigercat 480B mulcher. Contact your nearest Tigercat dealer today for more information.