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FORCED MIGRATIONreview 8

August 2000

published by

the Refugee Studies Centre in association with the Norwegian Refugee Council/Global IDP Project

Accountability evaluations 路 ethics 路 beneficiary involvement capacity building 路 corporate responsibility plus features on India and Australia the next HCR 路 police training in Uganda debate, updates, conferences, publications and news


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from the fromeditors the editors T

rying to find a short title on which to hang the feature section of this issue was not easy. Respect, accountability, evaluation, ethics and responsibility are all themes interwoven in the articles. In the end we opted simply for ‘Accountability’. We hope you enjoy the varied range of articles under this heading.

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This issue also includes mini features on India and the Guiding Principles, and asylum and the media in Australia, plus articles on training for police in Uganda, and appointing the next HCR. Issue 9 (December 2000) will focus on Gender and will be guest-edited by Judy El-Bushra from the British NGO, ACORD. For details of the aspects we plan to cover, please visit our website at www.fmreview.org. Issue 10 (April 2001) will include a feature section on UNHCR and the 50th anniversary of the 1951 Convention. If you would like to contribute, or if you have suggestions for aspects to cover or potential contributors, please contact the Editors as soon as possible (contact details opposite). Deadlines for contributions are listed at the bottom of this page (and on our website). We are pleased to welcome three new members to our Editorial Advisory Board: Professor B S Chimni (Department of International Law, Jawaharlal Nehru University), Erin Mooney (UN High Commission for Human Rights, Geneva, and Special Assistant to Francis Deng) and Bonaventure Rutinwa (Centre for the Study of Forced Migration, University of Dar es Salaam). The full list of members of our Editorial Advisory Board is given on page 43.

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FORCED MIGRATIONreview Refugee Studies Centre with the Norwegian Refugee Council/Global IDP Project

48 pages of analysis, research findings and practical experience for those concerned with refugees and internally displaced people

If you find Forced Migration Review useful, spread the word to others. Forced Migration Review is free for individuals and institutions in the South, as well as for students and refugee/IDP associations. We have recently updated our promotional leaflet and would be happy to send you copies to circulate and/or display. We need more paid subscriptions to the magazine. If you have a connection with a university in the North we would be grateful if you could ask the university library to consider taking out a subscription.

We are soon to begin the Herculean task of transferring our mailing records to a new database. If there are any inaccuracies on your name/address label, please let us know. We would also like to have the email address of all our readers who have one so that we can contact you without having to pay postage. (Naturally, we will not pass your details on to anybody else.) published three times a year in English, Spanish and Arabic

Best wishes Marion Couldrey and Tim Morris Editors

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Writing for FMR? Here are our submission deadlines:

Issue

Articles by

Information items by

9 (Gender) 10 (UNHCR)

2 October 2000 1 February 2001

3 November 2000 1 March 2001

Cover Photo: Afghan refugees in Pakistan (UNHCR/R LeMoyne); Father O’Neil and local sheikhs discuss refugee issues in Sudan (Panos Pictures/Caroline Penn).

2

FORCED MIGRATION review 8


contents contents

Accountability

India and the Guiding Principles

Australia

Regular features

FORCED MIGRATION review 8

Thinking outside the box: evaluation and humanitarian action by Jeff Crisp

4

Promise and practice: participatory evaluation of humanitarian assistance by Tania Kaiser

8

Research in conflict areas: ethics and accountability by Jonathan Goodhand

12

Reflections on research among Liberian refugees by Linda Kreitzer

15

Capacity building, accountability and humanitarianism in Sri Lanka by Jennifer Hyndman and Malathi de Alwis

16

Listening to the displaced: analysis, accountability and advocacy in action by Simon Harris

20

Globalization and accountability: the corporate sector in involuntary displacement and resettlement by Patricia Feeney

22

Internal displacement in India: causes, protection and dilemmas by Mahendra Lama

24

Rethinking the Guiding Principles: the case of the Kashmiri Pandits by K C Saha

26

IDPs: rights and status by Marc Vincent

29

Australia and asylum: no longer “land of the fair go”? by Tim Morris

31

The hard press of asylum by Sharon Pickering

32

Working with the media: notes for refugee advocates by Melissa Phillips

33

A refugee at my door: training for police in Uganda by Pamela Reynell

35

The next HCR must refocus on protection by Ed Schenkenberg van Mierop

37

Update · Debate · Refugee Studies Centre · Global IDP Project Conferences · Publications

38-47

3


Accountability

Thinking outside the box: evaluation and humanitarian action

by Jeff Crisp

In the conclusion to The Quality of Mercy, his classic 1984 analysis of the Cambodian refugee crisis, William Shawcross observed that “evaluations of humanitarian aid are not easy.”1

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8


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FORCED MIGRATION review 7

Albania: Swedish Red Cross delegate talking with refugees in the Danish Red Cross camp for Kosovo refugees near the coastal town of Lesze.

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8

7


Accountability

Promise and practice: participatory evaluation of humanitarian assistance by Tania Kaiser Donors, UN and other international organizations and NGOs are increasingly interested in using participatory and beneficiary-based methodologies in their evaluation processes.

7

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9


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11


Accountability

Research in conflict zones: ethics and accountability by Jonathan Goodhand This article focuses on the ethical challenges arising from research in areas of conflict.

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Research is unlikely to be viewed by local actors as neutral or altruistic

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8


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Jonathan Goodhand

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8


Accountability QHHGWREHFDUHIXOZKHQSXUVXLQJPXOWL SOHREMHFWLYHVDQGEHDZDUHRIWKH WUDGHRIIVWKDWPLJKWHQVXH

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8

Reflections on research among Liberian refugees by Linda Kreitzer

3

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15


Accountability

Capacity building, accountability and humanitarianism in Sri Lanka by Jennifer Hyndman and Malathi de Alwis This article argues that capacity building has been used uncritically by humanitarian staff in international NGOs and UN agencies throughout much of the 1990s. The authors contend that capacity building holds out both promise and problems in the context of humanitarian policy and practice.

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16

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8


UNHCR/M Kobayashi

Accountability

UNHCR Open Relief Centre, Sri Lanka, children repeatedly displaced by the ongoing conflict

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19


Accountability

Listening to the displaced: analysis, accountability and advocacy in action This article summarizes the objectives, methodology and outcomes of Oxfam GB and SCF UKâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Listening to the Displacedâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; research series undertaken in the conflict-affected areas of northern Sri Lanka. It also highlights the lessons learned, probable future directions and wider application of the Listening concept.

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Simon Harris

by Simon Harris

Focus group discussion in the Wanni region of northern Sri Lanka

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8


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FORCED MIGRATION review 8

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21


Accountability

Globalization and accountability: the corporate sector in involuntary displacement and resettlement by Patricia Feeney

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22

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8


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FORCED MIGRATION review 8

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23


Accountability

India and the Guiding Principles

Conclusions

Internal displacement in India: causes, protection and dilemmas

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8


India and the Guiding Principles

IDPs: rights and status UNHCR/M Kobayashi

by Marc Vincent The term ‘internally displaced persons’ has become prominent in the humanitarian community. Debate about terminology has been heightened by the recent assertion of the US Ambassador to the UN that the term ‘IDP’ is “odious terminology” and that the only distinctions between refugees and IDPs are bureaucratic and legal.1

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8

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Return of IDPs in East Timor

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8


Australia

Australia and asylum: no longer “land of the fair go”?

by Tim Morris

+

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8

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31


Australia

The hard press of asylum by Sharon Pickering

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8


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Working with the media: notes for refugee advocates by Melissa Phillips

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8


A refugee at my door: training for police in Uganda by Pamela Reynell

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Police officers are often the first point of contact for asylum seekers; frequently, however, they receive little or no training in refugee issues. In various countries in East Africa, organizations are attempting to address this problem.

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Professor, School of International Studies, Department of International Law, Jawaharlal Nehru University

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Special Assistant, Representative of the UN Secretary-General on IDPs; Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

(LJLO2OVHQ Head of Latin America Section, Norwegian Refugee Council, Oslo

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Lecturer, Centre for the Study of Forced Migration, Faculty of Law, University of Dar es Salaam

The Directorate The Global IDP Project is a project of the Norwegian Refugee Council and is administered through its Geneva office.

-LOO5XWWHU National Education Adviser, The Refugee Council (London)

/\QGDOO6DFKV Public Information Officer, UNHCR, Branch Office, Great Britain and Ireland

Staff Project Coordinator: Marc Vincent Information Officers: Christophe Beau, Andreas Danevad, Bjorn Pettersson, Frederick Kok, Greta Zeender. Donor Relations: Tone Faret

'DQ6H\PRXU Head of Djakovica/Gjakova Field Office, OSCE Mission, Kosovo

'DYLG7XUWRQ Director, Refugee Studies Centre

0DUF9LQFHQW Coordinator, Global IDP Project, Norwegian Refugee Council, Geneva

Major Donors Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Canada; DFID; Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Switzerland; Norwegian Church Aid; Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs; Swedish International Development Agency; UNDP. Website Visit our database on internal displacement and get more information about the Global IDP Project on www.idpproject.org Contact us If you have any questions or comments, please contact us at: Global IDP Project Chemin MoĂŻse-Duboule 59 CH 1209 Geneva, Switzerland Tel: + 41 22 788 8085 Fax: + 41 22 788 8086 Email: idpsurvey@nrc.ch

FORCED MIGRATION review 8

/DXUHQFH:KLWHKHDG Official Fellow in Politics, Nuffield College, University of Oxford

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8 FORCED MIGRATIONreview

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published by

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Emptying the Hills: Regroupment in Burundi Human Rights Watch. July 2000. 38pp. Available at www.hrw.org/reports/2000/ burundi2/ Hard copy: $5.00 (plus postage). 7KHJRYHUQPHQWRI%XUXQGLKDVEHHQ VORZWRLPSOHPHQWLWVSURPLVHWRFORVH LWVVTXDOLGUHJURXSHPHQWFDPSVE\ -XO\7KLVUHSRUWIRFXVHVRQWKHSROLF\ DQGSUDFWLFHRIUHJURXSPHQWRIWKHSRS XODWLRQDURXQG%XMXPEXUDOLIHLQWKH FDPSVDQGPLOLWDU\DEXVHVLWDOVR LQFOXGHVDVHULHVRIUHFRPPHQGDWLRQVWR WKHYDULRXVSOD\HUVLQYROYHG &RQWDFW+XPDQ5LJKWV:DWFK)LIWK $YHQXHWK)ORRU1HZ<RUN1< 86$7HO)D[ (PDLO+5:SUHVV#KUZRUJ :HEVLWH IRURUGHULQJ VWRUH\DKRR FRPKUZSXEVLQGH[KWPO

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On the Margin: Refugees, Migrants and Minorities

Listening to the Displaced: Action Research in the Conflict Zones of Sri Lanka

edited by Chowdhury R Abrar. Refugee and Migratory Movements Research Unit. June 2000. 222pp. US$12.00/Tk150.00.

by Kerry Demusz. Oxfam Working Papers. June 2000. 68pp. ISBN 0 85598 437 6. £12.95/US$18.95.

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Nashra Al-Hijra Al-Qasriya and Revista sobre Migraciones Forzosas )RUFHG0LJUDWLRQ5HYLHZ LVDOVR SULQWHGLQ6SDQLVKDQG$UDELF $OOVXEVFULSWLRQVWRWKH$UDELF DQG6SDQLVKHGLWLRQVDUHIUHH RIFKDUJH ,I\RXZRXOGOLNHWRUHFHLYHRQH RUWKHRWKHURULI\RXNQRZRI RWKHUVZKRZRXOGOLNHWRUHFHLYH FRSLHVSOHDVHVHQGXVWKHUHOH YDQWFRQWDFWGHWDLOV(PDLOWKH (GLWRUVDWIPU#THKR[DFXNRU ZULWHWRXVDW)055HIXJHH 6WXGLHV&HQWUH4(+8QLYHUVLW\ RI2[IRUG6W*LOHV2[IRUG 2;/$8.

Operational Security Management in Violent Environments by Koenraad Van Brabant. Good Practice Review 8. Humanitarian Practice Network. ODI. June 2000. 354pp. ISBN 0 85003 457 4. £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Valuing Evaluations: a practical approach to designing an evaluation that works for you Bernard van Leer Foundation. Working Papers in Early Childhood Development. March 2000. ISBN 90 6195 055 4. Free (charges may be made for multiple copies).

World Refugee Survey 2000 US Committee for Refugees. 2000. 328pp. ISBN 0 936548 07 X. US$19.00.

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The Sphere Handbook: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response

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FORCED MIGRATION review 8

7KLVSXEOLFDWLRQORRNVDWLGHQWLI\LQJ EDUULHUVWRHYDOXDWLRQZKDWLVHYDOXD WLRQZK\HYDOXDWHVHWWLQJWKHDLPIRU WKHHYDOXDWLRQIRFXVLQJWKHHYDOXDWLRQ ILQGLQJDQVZHUVJHQHUDWLQJLQGLFDWRUV² ZKDWDUH\RXORRNLQJIRUDQGKRZZLOO \RXNQRZZKHQ\RXKDYHIRXQGLWDQG FDUU\LQJRXWDQHYDOXDWLRQ &RQWDFW%HUQDUGYDQ/HHU)RXQGDWLRQ 32%R[(+7KH+DJXH7KH 1HWKHUODQGV7HO)D[ (PDLO UHJLVWU\#EYOHHUIQO:HEVLWH ZZZEHUQDUGYDQOHHURUJ

War Brought Us Here: Protecting Children Displaced Within Their Own Countries by Conflict by Andrew Mawson, Rebecca Dodd & John Hilary. Save the Children UK. 2000. 144pp. ISBN 1 84187 025 0. £12.95.

The Sphere Project. January 2000. 330pp. ISBN (English edition) 0 85598 445 7. £10.95. Bulk order rates available. Also available in Spanish, French and Russian.

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Forced Migration Review Issue 8  

Accountability: evaluations, ethics, beneficiary involvement, capacity building, corporate responsibility

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