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Welcome dear readers in our second issue of Flawless Art Magazine And which ceased publication after its first issue to circumstances beyond the will, but we promise you that future versions continue as regularly as possible. The human mind carries within many ideas what is clear and what is not so clear waiting to be discovered or publicized, and of so are the (talent) where covered in a specific location within the human and waiting to be disclosed cover to show to the public and impress the world, including in respect of harmony and craftsmanship in a particular area. And my recent experience in the field of teaching was a proof for this idea, where it became clear to me that desire alone is the boundary between the emergence of a certain talent in humans and stay in the shadows. Regardless of levels and capacity among students, but I glance in all of them the desire and insistence on the maintenance and know everything about the world of graphics and the charming world which resembles myths and ancient stories whenever we dig deep into it becomes more ambiguous and interesting and exciting which drives us to continue exploration and search more and more ..

This is what One of my students did (Basma), that girl that we are used to see her always silente and a good listener .she will say few words, mostly she is serious, and diligence,but you can read in her eyes insistence andthe ability to control the mouse,you can tell that her talent may explode at any time and without notice. And after a while her talent show slowly even been able to adapt a program as hard as(Photoshop) and became under her authority led however she want,from the world of attractive slogans to the world of magical photoshop and I think that she will face a great challenge and a confirmation that the insistence and determination to defeat impossible and indomitable deficit or shame .. I loved through this opening to thank her in particular for giving me the chance to discover her talent that she was in a dark .. Thanks for being one of the most important reasons in my desire to continue and move forward in a career as agraphics teacher . In conclusion, I hope that you enjoy the contents of this the issue which includes number of lessons, information, and new additions and i hope you will like it. My advice to you (keep your dreams fresh) ....


MOHAMMED ABDULSALAM ( Flawless Art ) - Editor-In-Chief Mobile:00966-569772372 Page:\flawless.art

ESTER BOULONISKI Public Relations Director Milbourn/Victoria - Australia Mobile:0411578843 Page:\ester.boulonisky

Lilly Ghidey Ghebre Frankfurt-Germany Office Page:\lilly.ghideyghebre

BERHANE SEMERE London UK Office Mobile: 07861 760355 Page:\berhanesemere

BASMA MOHAMMED Assistant Graphic Designer ( Jeddah - Saudi Arabia ) Page:\basma.mohamed

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SAUL BASS

GRAPHIC HISTORY

FLASH ZONE

ERI.PHOTOGRAPHER

BILAL ABDU

A RTS. PHOTOGRAPHING. ST YLES. MUSIC

ARTS. PHOTOGRAPHING. STYLES. MUSIC

ARTS. PHOTOGRAPHING. STYLES. MUSIC

ARTS. PHOTOGRAPHING. STYLES. MUSIC

A RTS. PHOTOGRAPHING. ST YLES. MUSIC


Create a Wet Plate Photo

EFFICT IN PHOTOSHOP

ARTS. PHOTOGRAPHING. STYLES. MUSIC A RTS. PHOTOGRAPHING. ST YLES. MUSIC

ARTS. PHOTOGRAPHING. STYLES. MUSIC

A RTS. PHOTOGRAPHING. ST YLES. MUSIC

ARTS. PHOTOGRAPHING. STYLES. MUSIC

A RTS. PHOTOGRAPHING. ST YLES. MUSIC


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Photoshop CS6 and Photoshop CS6 Extended software deliver unparalleled speed and power combined with the richest set of features necessary to design, perform advanced image manipulation, edit motion‐based content, and composite images. Photoshop CS6 Extended also includes tools for 3D design and image analysis†.

Adobe Photoshop CS6 empowers you to experience imaging magic and maximize creativity in exciting new ways—all while achieving unprecedented performance. Make the most of your hardware investment and save significant time in your workflows thanks to the new Adobe Mercury Graphics Engine†, new preset migration and sharing, and new Background Save and Auto-recovery options that can help boost productivity and image security. Work with state-of-the-art tools including an all-new Crop tool, new Content-Aware tools, and Adaptive Wide Angle Adjustments. Use intuitive new tools to create videos directly within the familiar Photoshop environment using footage from your DSLR and other cameras. Use new and enhanced design capabilities—including type styles, layer search, and dashed line creation—to create stunning work in fewer steps. Create the look you want with intuitive new blur tools and painting capabilities. Adobe Photoshop CS6 Extended delivers all the editing, compositing, and painting capabilities of Photoshop CS6, plus quantitative image analysis and the ability to create 3D artwork with a vastly simplified workflow that offers on-canvas and in-context scene editing, draggable shadows, enhanced 3D merging, and 3D animation†.

With its powerful capabilities for editing, compositing, painting, and transforming images, designs, and video, Photoshop CS6 and Photoshop CS6 Extended are unmatched in their ability to help you bring your creative visions to life.


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With Photoshop CS6 and Photoshop CS6 Extended, you can:

Experience imaging magic. Correct, refine, and composite images with such ease and control it feels like magic. Work with state-of-the-art imaging in new tools and technologies that reinvent the way you retouch, crop, and auto-correct your images, create selections and masks of faces, and correct fisheye or wide-angle lens curvatures. These intuitive new tools help you achieve astonishing results in a minimal number of steps. Maximize your creativity. Increase your creative options with new features designed to expand your visual language. Put your ideas and imagination in motion with all-new, powerful yet intuitive video editing tools—now standard in both editions of Photoshop CS6. Design more fluidly using reengineered design tools. Create custom blurs for rich photographic effects, paint and draw more expressively, and more. Achieve peak performance. Maximize your hardware investment and save significant time in your workflows. Work more quickly with blazingly fast interactions in key editing tools, thanks to the new Adobe Mercury Graphics Engine†. Use Photoshop in the same way across multiple computers with preset migration. Boost everyday productivity and image security with Background Save and Auto-recovery options. And much more.


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Who uses Photoshop? Photographers have long relied on Photoshop for the ultimate in creative control and productionof high-quality images. With its unrivaled editing and enhancing power, Photoshop helps photographers achieve superior results with its industry-leading features, extensive toolset, and state-of-the-art editing, compositing, and painting capabilities. Photoshop contains everything image makers need to perfect their photos, including tools for retouching, adjusting tones, correcting color, noise removal, and sharpening. Photographers can take advantage of cuttingedge, nondestructive editing workflows with the precise controls in Adobe Camera Raw 7, non-modal adjustments, and Smart Objects in Photoshop, and tight integration with Adobe Photoshop Lightroom速 software. They use selection tools, layers, and masking technologies to perform advanced compositing on images and motion-based content, and employ filters and painting features for artistic enhancements. Photoshop Extended provides photographers with the ability to work with 3D imagery and apply complex image analysis features, and Adobe Bridge software helps them efficiently manage their photos.


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Web, print, and interactive designers use Photoshop to bring their creative visions to life in print, on mobile devices, and on the web. Working in unison with other Creative Suite tools like Adobe InDesign, Illustrator, and Dreamweaver software, Photoshop plays a key role in the designer’s workflow, providing the necessary tools to retouch or enhance photos, create superior composites, produce complex illustrations, and produce imaging content optimized for multiple design outcomes. Designers can port their interface and website creations from Photoshop to Adobe Flash® Catalyst® software to produce interactive content without having to write any code. Adobe Bridge acts as a cross-program pivot point for managing the wide variety of mixed assets involved in design projects. Photoshop Extended provides designers with the feature set needed for the creation of 3D logos, buttons, and artwork, and to build sophisticated composite images containing photographic and 3D content.

Video professionals, motion graphics designers, and video effects artists use Photoshop to help them create and enhance visual effects, build clips from multiple source files, and develop motion graphics or prepare still images and text for inclusion in video projects. With Photoshop Extended, they also leverage the powerful Photoshop 3D engine that enables the creation and enhancement of 3D content. Video professionals using Photoshop also enjoy tight integration with other Adobe software such as Adobe After Effects® and Adobe Premiere® Pro (sold separately), providing more efficient round-tripping of content between programs .


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Extended Content-Aware family of technologies Retouch, repair, and rework images with astonishing ease, control, and precision with two new additions to your retouching tool kit—a ContentAware mode for the Patch tool and the Content- Aware Move tool. You can remove or move selected elements within your image, and then let the sophisticated content-aware technology in Photoshop magically fill, patch, extend, or recompose your image.

Quickly remove unwanted objects in a scene and easily extend a background to hide a featureless sky with two new options in the ContentAware family of technologies. Left: Original image. Right: After extending the background and removing the objects.


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The Content-Aware mode in the Patch tool gives you greater control when repairing images by letting you first choose the sample area from which to create the patch, and then adjust how the patch is applied. New Adaptation options let you specify more precisely how the patch is blended with the image and how much of the patch surround is included in the process. With the Content-Aware Move tool, you can move or extend a selected object to another area of your image, and then watch as the tool automatically recomposes and blends the object. Now you can reposition awkward elements to create better compositions, interactively extend the top of an image to change its format from horizontal to vertical, or increase the size of an object to make it more dominant in a design. All-new Crop tool Change the format of your images faster and with greater precision using the all-new, hardwareaccelerated Crop tool. The tool’s modern design has multiple overlays, including Golden Ratio, Golden Spiral, Diagonal, Triangle, Grid, and Rule of Thirds, to guide your crops and help ensure that key image elements are positioned at the focal point of your layouts. Changing to a different format after applying a crop is no longer a big problem, as the all-new Crop tool now works nondestructively. All the pixels of the original photo are retained even after the crop has been applied, allowing you to reshape your photos in multiple ways with no fear of discarding crucial image content.


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Speed up the application of regularly used crop settings with the ability to save specific crop dimensions and resolutions as presets. Ensure cropping consistency by sharing presets across computers or with colleagues, clients, or friends.

The easy-to-use Straighten tool quickly corrects crooked horizons, and the tool’s option to retain or discard cropped pixels while reshaping images on canvas means you’ve now got a totally nondestructive way to crop. And thanks to the speed of the new Mercury Graphics Engine†, you’ll see your cropping adjustments happen blazingly fast, and live. Take your straightening to the next level as you perfectly align objects as you crop. The new Perspective Crop tool uses a flexible marquee to outline and straighten image elements or scenes photographed on an angle. Use the Perspective Crop tool to outline four corners to create a marquee that outlines the area to straighten.


The Content-Aware mode in the Patch tool gives you greater control when repairing images by letting you first choose the sample area from which to create the patch, and then adjust how the patch is applied. New Adaptation options let you specify more precisely how the patch is blended with the image and how much of the patch surround is included in the process. With the Content-Aware Move tool, you can move or extend a selected object to another area of your image, and then watch as the tool automatically recomposes and blends the object. Now you can reposition awkward elements to create better compositions, interactively extend the top of an image to change its format from horizontal to vertical, or increase the size of an object to make it more dominant in a design.

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GRAPHIC DESIGN GRAPHIC ZONE

More information you can read at: http://tv.adobe.com/show/learn-photoshop-cs6/


Composite of two images, skin smoothing, body contouring Photographer: Eric Petruskie, Model: Vanessa Villegas


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Create a Wet Plate Photo Effect in Photoshop

Wet Plate History Collodion wet plate photography is an extensive process where a glass plate is prepared with several chemical solutions, transferred to a camera to expose, and then developed quickly all before it dries. This technique was used in the early 19th century to produce exquisite black and white photos with incredible detail.

Research Wet plate photos vary in composition and detail according to the photographer’s preferences and its overall exposure time. Because each photo is unique, it’s important to treat each photo individually by applying only the attributes of the technique in Photoshop. Study the history, process, as well as dozens of examples before attempting digitally to avoid copying the effect of just one photo reference.


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Attributes of Wet Plate Photos

Here are some characteristics of wet plate photography to keep in mind: • Wet plates are generally gray scale (no pure whites). • Chemicals may produce tinted photo with red, yellow, or blue undertones. • Streaks where the chemicals drip off are common. • The imperfections in each photo caused by debris, scratches, and changes in chemical reaction are what make them unique.

Step 2 Let’s focus more on the tension and elegance of the ballet shoes by cropping the photo. Grab the crop tool and crop it so that there is roughly an equal amount of space from the top of the shoe to the bottom. Never be afraid to crop or alter a stock photo to better suit the desired composition.

Step 1

Open the stock photo of the ballet shoes in Photoshop. Since the collodion technique is often used to produce haunting photos I chose this stock because I thought it would be great for creating a similar mood. Think about a possible story behind your photo, and how it will affect the overall composition as you work on it. Feel free to add notes beforehand to remind yourself which qualities of wet plate will work best for your particular reference.

Step 3


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Step 4 Under the new group, right-click the copy of the original layer and duplicate it twice. Keep the bottom layer normal while you set the second layer to Hard Light, and the top layer to Multiply. The original photo is too light to work in grayscale just yet, so we want to make the tones of the photo richer before applying the black and white effect.


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Step 5 Changing the color balance also helps us get more of the tonal quality we want. Go to Layer > New Adjustment Layer > Color balance and add the following properties to the Midtones, Shadows, and Highlights options. The colors are saturated in blues for now, but this option will help us later by improving tonal value.

Step 6 Now it’s time to work in grayscale. Add a new adjustment layer for Hue/Saturation and bring the saturation down to -100.


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Step 7 Add a new layer above the Hue/Saturation layer. Using a low opacity, large round brush with a hardness of 0%, apply soft black shadows to the scene to emphasize the front foot. This also creates a softer transition of tones between the feet. Adjust the layer opacity by bringing it down to 92%.

Step 8 Add a new transparent layer. Using the same brush settings, select the color #939393 and build soft strokes of gray to the back foot and leg. Bring the opacity of the layer down to 50%. This technique in combination with the previous step will help to create the soft muted tones often associated with wet plate photography. Feel free to either use the Eraser Tool (E) or the layer opacity to create the desired effect for both layers.

Step 9 Add a new transparent layer. This will be used in experimenting with the smudges caused by the collodion chemical reaction. Using the same gray color (#939393) as before, apply the color to the lower right corner using a round brush with a 70px diameter, 75% hardness, and 60% opacity. Consider this the start of experimentation with the border of your “wet plate” photo. By setting the layer to Linear Light and lowering the opacity to 84%, we’ve created a soft “wet” look.


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Step 10

Not all wet plates are black and white. Sometimes the chemicals create red, blue, or yellow undertones. For this tinted effect, add a new layer and fill it with the color #938e5a. Bring the opacity of the layer down to 70% and set it to Multiply. Now let’s add some texture to the photo. Create another layer and fill it with the same gray color used previously. Go to Filter > Noise > Add Noise and add an amount of 200% to the layer. Drag the Noise layer underneath the Hue/Saturation adjustment layer so that the color doesn’t show through. Set the layer to darken and bring down the opacity to 18%.

Step 11 Now let’s work on the contrast between the front and back shoe. Select the “Original copy” layer and use the Polygonal Lasso Tool (L) to trace around the entire back leg. Copy and paste the leg onto a new layer and set it to Linear Dodge. This effect makes the back leg look a little overexposed while the front leg retains its clarity.

Step 12 Right-click the “Wet Plate Effect” group and duplicate it. Now in the “Wet Plate Effect copy” group, select all the layers and merge them together. Rename the merged layer to “wetplate2.” In wet plate photography there is often a blur that moves outward from the focal point. In this case the front ballet shoe is our focal point. So rightclick the “wetplate2” layer and duplicate it. Go to Filter > Blur > Motion Blur and set the angle to -90 degrees and the distance to 16 pixels. Using a large, high opacity eraser brush with a hardness of 0%, erase along the side of the ballet shoe where the bands and skin meet. This allows the layer underneath to show through to retain enough detail.


MUSIC ZONE PHOTO ZONE

Step 13

Add a new adjustment layer for Brightness and Contrast. Set the Brightness to +91. Use a large, soft eraser brush and erase over the two large pockets of shadow on either side of the front shoe.

Step 14

Select the “Wet Plate Effect copy” group and right-click to duplicate. Just as before, select all the layers now in the “Wet Plate Effect copy 2” group and merge them together. Rename the merged layer “wetplate3.” This group will be used for the finishing touches to the photo.


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Step 15

As we finish the photo we’ll continue tweaking the composition to fit the mood. Currently there is too much rich shadow to the right of the focal point. Add a new layer above “wetplate3” and fill it with the color #1d1d16. Bring the layer opacity down to 35% and use a large soft eraser brush to erase towards the left of the front ballet shoe.

Step 16 As mentioned before, one of the characteristics of wet plate photography is the streaks from where the chemicals run off. To achieve this look, paste the “MetalLeaking0033” texture from CG Textures onto a new layer. Use the Free Transform tool to adjust the texture so that the leaking effect stretches across the canvas. To achieve a subtle effect, set the layer to Linear Dodge and bring down the opacity to 2%.

Step 17 Since the overall composition is a little on the dark side, add a new layer above the texture and fill it with white. Set the layer to Overlay and bring down the opacity to 30% to brighten the photo. Notice how the mood is dramatically different from our first steps.

Step 18 These last steps will add character to our piece. Though the front ballet shoe stands out well, the tone is just a tad off from where it needs to be. Add a new layer and use a soft round brush to apply a gray color to the shoe. Set the layer to Luminosity and bring down the layer opacity to 18%.


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Step 19 The imperfections during the exposure and developing process are what make each wet plate photo unique. Set the foreground color to #f4f4c9. Take a hard round brush and set it to Pen Pressure for use with your tablet. Begin building organic, low opacity shapes, by swiping the brush across the screen. Create specs and scratches by varying your pen pressure. Utilize the Eraser Tool (E) to soften or omit shapes as you see fit. Experiment until you find what works. After, bring the layer opacity down to 14%.

Step 20 To finish this effect, let’s add a hint of a border. Add a new layer and use the same brush settings to apply black strokes along the left, right, and bottom edges of the photo. Use a soft eraser brush to soften the edges for a smooth transition.

Conclusion You can now create your own timeless photo without all the mess or smelly chemicals. Allow yourself room for experimentation and the time to study the true characteristics of this historic technique.


The name Bilal Abdelkader Mahmoud. Eritrean nationality born in Riyadh Saudi Arabia 17/5/1989. graduated from trade school I work in the Council of Saudi Chambers. I loved photography since childhood but recently started to be more serious and professional. I consider photography as a hobby that I enjoy very much, and I believe that it is more than a picture It is living in another world which tells you about stories and memories you have lived. I had the privilege for covering for a number of occasions with my small Camera, in the field of journalism I was honoured to take pictures of the President of the Republic of Niger and the Polish Prime Minister and Libyan President of national unity .

Also i covered the Eritrean Embassy ceremony in Riyadh for 2012 for ERI TV.In sport I had the privilege to take the pictures in the Juventus team ceremony in honouring the player Mohammed aldeayea and the press conference of Osama Al- hawsawi .

On the other side there was these pictures I took about nature and on top of the list was the streets of ASMARA and some of the mountains of Eritrea and the breathtaking views of the rural villages in Eritrea. In my short experience in the field of photography I didn't win any prizes so far but I believe that I won the biggest prize of all and that is people's love and means a lot to me.


My dream is to be an international photographer and fly my country's flag high. How do you take a snapshot? or when do you feel that this scene has to be captured by your camera? When you feel that your eyes been attracted to a certain scene then you think I have to transfer this whole scene to a pretty picture adding my special touches.What type of camera you use? And why?Nikon d3100 because it is within my budget. Who from the Professional photographers do you wish to reach his/her level?It has to be Charles O'Rear because one of the best photographers. Tell us about the The Eritrean photographers Forum and the reason behind it is creation?The idea of forming this group is when i realise that the Eritrean photographers deserve to be known internationally as their work is clear evidence of that.

Then I used to visit so many forums for other nationalities so I said why we shouldn't have one for us as Eritreans.My real aim from this project is to gather all the professional and amateur photographers and then we can go ahead with the other goals of the project. Next step will be inviting one of the Pro-photographers and ask him to held some courses about the field and this way we will balance between professional and amateur photographers. If that went well and people like it we can do some work-shops for them as well as pictorial excursions But the greatest step will be when we show case our works in special Eritrean photo galleries.


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! The photograph in question had been popped, but that was all. Well, I didn’t really know what to say. I mean, every photographer on the planet uses photo editing software, even the Martin Baileys and the Jim Brandenburgs. Had a wee think about this and called in a few photographer friends for a chat. I’m a writer, so I know that if a writer simply churned out first drafts and considered them finished, no one would print his work because it would be rubbish. Dancers, musicians and actors rehearse before they submit a final effort. All art is refined. The word photography derives from the Greek photos, light, and graphé, to represent by means of lines or to draw. So photography is to draw, or paint with light. Photography is art by definition. Photographs require post processing. What use are RAW files without processing? If you shoot jpgs, your camera has processed your images for you inside your camera. They have been post processed. Every photograph requires something, even if it’s just sharpening and removing specks that would ruin a print. All photographers post process their work. Yes, there are arguments regarding the overuse of Photoshop, which it is claimed can turn photographs into digital art. However, this argument makes no sense, because by definition, digital photography is digital art. You may strive to capture the perfect photograph, true to what you see in every detail, but what you produce is still digital art.


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There is no such thing as an untouched photograph. Changing the settings on your camera alters the way an image is presented. We use flash to add light, reflectors to bounce light, doors and umbrellas to direct light; we introduce light which was not there in the original image, we manipulate the image to make it better. Does it really matter then if we manipulate images on location, or do it afterwards in Photoshop? What comes out of a camera can never look like what your eyes experience, because your eyes see with a much higher dynamic range than a camera. The eyes see in HDR, and cameras do not. However, software now allows us to bring a higher dynamic range to photographs so they are more realistic and true to life than any ‘untouched’ photograph can ever be.

Yet, some say HDR isn’t photography. Well, the new Canon 1DX takes HDR shots in camera. Are we saying now that the new generation of DSLRs are not cameras and that they are not taking photographs? That is absurd. If we are working with light captured by a digital camera then we are photographic digital artists. Can Photoshop turn photographs into paintings? Painting is usually done with paint and a brush. How then can a photograph become a painting? A digital photograph, by definition, can never become a painting, any more than a painting could ever become a photograph.


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Personally, I wouldn’t hang a Picasso on my wall. I’d enjoy the proceeds from a sale of his work, I guess, but there is no way I would hang his stuff around my house. However, just because he didn’t paint things as they were in real life and I don’t like his work, does that mean he is not an artist? The same is true in music. No matter the amount of post processing that goes into raw music tracks, the final piece is still music, even though it doesn’t remotely resemble the original sounds that came from the instruments. For classical musicians to claim that rock isn’t music, and jazz musicians to claim that heavy metal isn’t music, is ridiculous. Taking all this into consideration, the question we should be asking then is when does photographic digital art cease to be photographic digital art? Answer? As long as you’re working with light captured by a digital camera, it doesn’t. Once you start incorporating things like clip art into images, okay, perhaps now you can claim an image is no longer pure photographic digital art as it has been mixed with graphic art drawn by an artist.

Of course, as with any field in life, there are those who would defraud us, in this case by presenting manipulated images and claiming they are genuine representations. Yes, this is wrong. Fraud goes on in the art world all the time, but is a copy of a Picasso not art? Art isn’t the issue, it’s fraud, which is a criminal offence. Manipulated photographic images which are fraudulently sold as genuine is fraud, but those images are still photographs, they are still digital art.


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Post production adjustments by whatever branded software you enjoy, is in essence, the digital darkroom. Tools such as toning, contrast adjustment, dodging and burning, are all replicated darkroom techniques. We may not personally enjoy some aspects of photography, just as we may not enjoy some styles of music, but it is all digital art. Photography means painting or drawing with light, so there are no rules on what can or what cannot be used to draw or paint with that light. The bottom line is that people will decide for themselves if they like a particular genre of photography or not, but for someone to claim a genre is not photography because they don’t like it is just snobbery. Photographers should be encouraged to pursue their passions without all this nonsense about being frauds because they use Photoshop. Let your talents shine guys and gals! Indulge your passions! Let your artistic natures flare, have fun with whatever photo editing software you enjoy, and flaunt your genius to the world. Show us your Photoshops and be proud of them! Read more: http://digital-photography-school.com/thats-a-photoshop


In this tutorial I will show you how you can make a realistic soda can using Photoshop’s 3D features. I will show you how to make the label design and also how to turn that design into a 3D can. I will show you how to change materials properties and how to change light directions in order to create a realistic 3D soda can. Enjoy

1 We are going to start by making the design of the can. You can create a your own design or download one from internet. I chose to recreate the coca cola design. Open Photoshop and create a new document 800px wide and height 700px. Unlock the background layer and open the Layer Styles window. Activate Gradient Overlay and use a Radial style with the settings shown in the image below.

2 3

add some drop shadow. Use 3px for distance and 3px for size as well. Also add a very subtle gray to white gradient on the text. See image below.

Download the Loki Cola font from any font website and type the text vertically as you see on the image below.

4

Time to add some details to the red background. The best way to do this is to take a look at a real coca cola can and try to replicate it. The more details you add the more realistic it will look. I took the Pen Tool (P) and created some white shapes and then changed their blend mode to Overlay and reduced the opacity.


5 6

Draw a shape like in the screenshot below using the Pen Tool and add drop shadow with Distance 0px Size 26px, Opacity 70%, Color Black and Angle 150ยบ.

Add more details to the white shape created on step 5. I used the Pen Tool once again to draw two thin shapes which I used to mask the bigger shape. Then I created a clipping mask layer for the white shape and I painted over it with gray and a halftone brush. There are lots of halftone brushes available for free on deviantART.com

7 I added some more details. I used a scattered round brush with variable size and I painted along the edges of the white shape. I also added a recyclable icon, a barcode I found on internet, the registered trademark icon and I created a fake nutritional info table. You can add anything you want. Use real cans for reference.

8 I also created some fake water drops using a really easy technique I learned from a video tutorial: http://www.metacafe.com/watch/487412/create_wa ter_drops_on_glass_using_adobe_photoshop/


10 In order to turn this design into an editable 3D layer you have 2 options. Importing a detailed can model in .3ds format or using the premade mesh that comes with Photoshop. I tried both versions but I will only show you how to do it with Photoshop because it’s easier although the 3D model is not the nicest one in the world. So, select the group you created on step 8 and go to 3D>New Shape From Layer>Soda Can. You should get something like in the screenshot below.

9 Now that the design is ready, you can turn it into 3D. First, select all the layers you have on the palette and press Ctrl+G to create a new group. Rename the group to body design. The name will help us distinguish it from the other 3D layers we will have once we turn this into 3D.

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As you can see on the image above, the group was converted into a 3D layer with two sub layers, one for the cap and the bottom and one containing your design (which has the name of your group body design)

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In order to turn this design into an editable 3D layer you have 2 options. Importing a detailed can model in .3ds format or using the premade mesh that comes with Photoshop. I tried both versions but I will only show you how to do it with Photoshop because it’s easier although the 3D model is not the nicest one in the world. So, select the group you created on step 8 and go to 3D>New Shape From Layer>Soda Can. You should get something like in the screenshot below.

The design of the can’s body is ready but you can still edit it at any time by double clicking the body design layer which will open on a new document but with the extension .psb and you will see all the layers of your design. What you can do now is create the aluminium texture. For that I used a texture I found on internet at psdgraphics.com. You can get the texture here: http://www.psdgraphics.com/backgrounds/r adial-stainless-steel-background/ Doubleclick on the Cap_Material layer to open it. Once it opens, paste the metal texture and center it on your canvas. After that, save the file (Ctrl+S) and close the .psb document. Go back to the 3D can and you will see that the new metal texture has been applied.


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By default, Photoshop adds 3 infinite lights but you can add more if you want using the new layer icon on the bottom of the 3D Lights window. For now, we will stick with these ones but we will edit them. Enable the lights visibility by clicking the Toggle Lights icon on the bottom of the window. After that, select Infinite Light 1 from the list and click the Rotate icon and click and drag on the canvas to rotate the light.

Ok now we can move on to the lights. In order to open the 3D settings, double click the can thumbnail on the layers palette or click the cube icon next to the Navigator tab. When the new window opens, click on the light bulb icon.

15 Photoshop also allows you to change the materials properties. Go back to the 3D properties window and click the Filter by Materials icon next to the light bulb icon. Then, select the Cap_Material and set Glossiness to 90% and Shininess to 30%. If you want to change the color of the shine, change the color on the Specular option.

The position and color of the lights depend on where you want to put your 3D object and also on the ambient and light sources. Instead of increasing the light intensity, you can always use a brighter color which will make the light look stronger.

Now do the same for the Label Material. Increase Glossiness to 80% and Shininess to 90%. That will create a series of light streaks simulating glossiness which gives the can much more realism.

As a final step, render the 3D shape because if not, you will get really jagged edges. So, right click on the 3D object layer and select Render For Final Output. You will see a significant quality improvement.


Her name is Farida,she came from Keren in Eritrea. then left at a young age because of the war,she found herself forced to flee through Sudan. Then moved to Kuwait and became a very young mum having both of her kids, Alex and Easter, by the age of 15 and 17.Later Farida moved to the States to join the rest of her family. Then attended Cosmotology college in the US.

After completing college, She moved to Saudi Arabia to join her husband and gave birth to her third and final child, Nathan. Being unable to work in Saudi Arabia she continued her beauty studies. From there they went to Bahrain where she worked as the show room supervisor and consultant to a major cosmetics company. After Bahrain they moved to Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates where she raised her kids and eventually moved into interior design. However her heart was always in beauty and her dream was realised when she opened her beauty salon, The Capital' Beauty Secret. What followed from there was developing her own cosmetics line, Farida's Secret. There just wasn't the variety she felt was needed. And like always, when she is not satisified by what's available,she will make her own. interview by Ester Boulonisky Australia


What does fashion mean to you? I have always loved fashion. It's been a big part of my whole life. How would you see your Eritrea's fashion? I am expecting a great response to my clothes. They won't have ever seen anything like what I have on offer. When did you realize you wanted to become a fashion designer? From the age of eight, but my mum discouraged me thinking that it was a demeaning career. What was the first article of clothing you ever designed? A bra! At the age of eight. I copied my cousin's bra, cut the materiasl and sewed myself one. I padded it out with cotton and mum was not happy. How long does it usually take you to design a piece of cloth? Less than an hour. INspration strikes and I am off. Who is one of your favourite local models to work with? Amal - she is Algerian, she is beautiful and she makes my clothes glow. Describe the general process you go through to design and realize a piece of clothing. First I choose the material - from there I see a design come into mind.


What are some of your accomplishments as a designer? This is my first collection - but I see a big future on the horizon as i feel so passionate about it, and noone can match what I have to offer. Happiness in clothes. Who are some of your favourite designers? Versace of course. Chanel, Valentino, Massimo Dutti and Tommy Hifigger, Where can readers buy your clothes? They can order form my website, How long have you worked as a designer? This is my first collection - the urge to design became too strong to ignore. You know when you start having drreams in the night about something it's time to act on it. And I saw the gap in the market for modern Eritrean fashion. What are some of your favourite clothing stores/catalogs/websites? There are so many I wouldn't know how to start listing them

Where do you buy your fabrics and other sewing materials? Dubai What do you believe makes a quality article of clothing? The material and the finishing. It's not all about the design, it's about what makes the item. to get a quality product you need to use quality products. What matters to you most as a fashion designer? When I see the final product on a model. When I can see something that has been taken from my mind and manifested into a physical product.


www.FaridasSecret.com


What's your favourite part about conceptualizing a design? I love having inspirations - especially when they hit me in the middle of the night. That's what I love thinking of something and seeing it manifested in a physical product. How do you prepare for a fashion shoot or show? Make up and hair first, and the dresses go on afterwards. I make sure that I have a good sleep you have to be fresh and mentally alert. I put great emphasis on meditation. I enjoy stretching and anything for a relax. Do you prefer sketching designs or actually constructing them? When I see the final product on a model. When I can see something that has been taken from my mind and manifested into a physical product. Tell me about the process of sketching a design. What kind of paper and pencil/pen do you use? I use a pen in my mind. I have such a strong and vivd imagination. I can clearly outline what is in my mind to my staff and they are amazing at conceptualizing it.


What advice do you have for aspiring fashion designers? I would love to hear advice from anybody that has any for me. I feel that what I am attempting to do is so new I would be pleased to get adivce from anyone willing to give it. What do you like best about designing clothes? It takes me away from reality. I enter into a different plane where everything is beautiful and it's just about me and the clothes. What do you dislike about designing clothes? Wasting material. How would you define your personal style? I am very stylish. How would you define the style your line exemplifies? This is a unique line. What I am intending to do with this collection is bring Eritrean fashion into the modern world. Using tradtional materials in a contemporary way. You look at these modern clothes and feel old Eritrea whispering in your ear. Through the tradional patterns and the materials we use. You can feel it all the way through the collection.

www.FaridasSecret.com


www.FaridasSecret.com


What are some of your fashion goals? To pull this show off successfully. Where do you get your inspirftion? From my daughter Easter, but she doesn't know it. What are your favourite colours to work with and why? White. It's purity. Clean, nice and elegant. It's a colour of happiness. What are your favourite fabrics to work with and why? Cotton. Where can readers find out more about you and your work? At my website faridassecret.com Tell us about the fashion show you preparing in Eritrea the story behind it? My mother was an orphan, and she had nine children. It was always her dream to help orphans. She entreated me to use the little money she had left to help the orphans. All the money will go to helping orphans. And finally how do you see the future of the Eritrean fashion? I see it blooming - I feel so positive about it - something good coming out of our country. Would you tel us about the show you are about to do in Eritrea can you tell us about it how did the idea come to you and was the way to reach your goal was smooth or did you find any hardship to appoint the show and where is the benefit going? I have always wanted to give something back to my country and in particular to help orphans. I want to show the beauty of Eritrean textiles and what better place to show how traditional material can be given a modern style than to the people back home. My overall aim with the show in Eritrea is to raise awareness for orphans and those suffering with HIV. The Eritrean authorities have been very supportive in helping me make all the arrangements.


www.FaridasSecret.com


www.FaridasSecret.com


www.FaridasSecret.com


www.FaridasSecret.com


www.FaridasSecret.com


www.FaridasSecret.com


www.FaridasSecret.com


www.FaridasSecret.com


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MUSIC ZONE

(born 20 March 1984) is a Eritrean Norwegian R&B and soul musician from Haugerud, Oslo. She grew up in Oslo, Norway. Winta has been interested in music since she was a child. Winta's debut album was released May 2004. From 2002-2004 she made three music videos for the singles "Emotions", "Hot Romance (Rok With You)" and "I Want U", all directed by Norwegian video director Ray Kay. Her 2004 hit single "Hot Romance (Rok With You)" was written by Taio Cruz. Friday 9 September 2011 Winta released her first album ("My Life") in seven years. The album included the singles "Top of the World", "Nails on a Chalkboard", "My Life", "Heart On Fire (Merry-Go-Round)", "Amazes Me", "Just For Tonight", "Storm In Paradise" and "No Last Regrets".

interview by Lilly Ghidey Ghebre Germany


MUSIC ZONE

Where were you born and when? I was born in Oslo, Norway a cold winter evening on March 20th How many brothers and sisters do you have? I'm a proud older sister of two brothers one who is 5 and one who is11, they love music as well so I'm curious to see what they do at an older age!

How was your voice discovered? My high school teacher discovered me actually! I had always been the shy girl so no one knew that I could sing not even my best friends, but I would of course sing when I was alone at home, or even outside as long as there were no one there. I also used to like singing in church. My school teacher however convinced me to perform TLC's Dear Lie at the graduation ceremony and I said yes.

Is there someone in your family likes to sing or play music? Music has always played an important part in my family and it does have to do with my Eritrean heritage where music is a part of our daily lives, when we are happy, sad, celebrating or mourning music is a central part of our culture and this has had a huge impact on my inspiration for music. Apart from that my dad used to play the guitar and all kinds of music from Steve Wonder to Fihira would play in the household.

I was so nervous I couldn't even remember me getting up and going up to the stage but as soon as I started singing it was the best feeling and I knew that I wanted to do this more often. Following that a music manager from London was scouting for talent in Norway and a friend told him about me. When I received the phone call I of course thought that it was a dream come true as I was going to have an opportunity to be signed to a record label but I was also very nervous as singing in public was not something I was used to. Following the audition which again was nerve racking I was signed at the age of 17 years old to Daworks.


MUSIC ZONE

When you started singing, did it take long for your audiences to pay attention to your art? I never expected my wider audience to pay attention to my music. I was after all just Winta who liked to sing in her room. My first single Emotions however went beyond anything I could have dreamt of. It went straight in to the top charts in Norway and Scandinavia and it was heavily rotated on MTV and other channels. The music video which was produced by Ray Kay who is now a world known video producer and has worked with artists like Beyonce, Jay-Z, Brittney Spears and Lady Gaga started off with Emotions as his first project and this was my first opportunity to invite my friends to see what I had been working on. I invited all my friends who you can see in the video and on set that was the first time they actually heard my voice. They were in shock as you can imagine! The track along with the video was also received well in the states and my home country Eritrea. It went way beyond anything I could imagine.

Is music a kind of magic? Music is life to me and the music you like becomes the soundtrack of your life as you hear a song and it will straight away take you back to a specific feeling or time when you listened to it. To me it's magic because it has the power to unite people regardless of age and colour and sometimes you just feel it you can't explain it you just feel it. Music has helped me through tough times but also through great times in my life.


MUSIC ZONE

Do you write your songs or give ideas?

Did you sing as a child?

I write majority of my songs and as I mentioned above because music is life my inspirations are things that I see happening, things that have happened to me and my friends as well.

My mother told me that I would dance in front of the TV when I was 2 to Whitney Houston HOW WILL I KNOW and Lionel Richie FIESTA. I would sing by myself but not in front of people.

Do you think you had a normal childhood tell us something about it?

When did you realize that singing could become your career?

My childhood in Oslo was a great one. My family means everything to me it's the core of everything I do and our family was very close growing up my mother and father were always supportive of sports that I did and people who knew me as a child thought that I was going to be a football player as that was my main focus. I played on the boys team as there wasn't a girls team around and 3 years later we started a girls football team and I played there for 11 years. I wanted to be the female version of Pele!

I realized that singing would be my career when I started working on the first album and released my first single.

When I chose to focus on music though my family was equally supportive which gave me the strength to go for it. I was then going to school, then went straight to the studio and then home to do homework and then get up early to go school then studio and so forth. School was very important to me and I was convinced that I would finish school with top grades whilst doing my music so naturally I didn't have much time during that time to spend with my friends. I however don't regret anything.

What was your first song? My first song was EMOTIONS


MUSIC ZONE

Your song "Storm In Paradise".. What is it about?

When was the first time you went to Eritrea?

Storm in Paradise is about being in a relationship which isn't as good as it used to be hence saying a storm in paradise. You don't want to wake up and face reality. I actually came up with the title whilst goggling pictures of holiday places and this picture came up from Maldives and the name of the picture was storm in paradise. I knew then that the song would signify a relationship in the same way. See inspiration is everywhere!

My family has always ensured that I stay close to my roots. Born and raised in Norway although I speak fluent Norwegian and have Norwegian friends it's crucial to know where you come from as it's a part of you that makes you and the more I would learn about my country's history and culture the more confident I felt as a young woman growing up in Scandinavia. So I celebrate both my Norwegian and Eritrean heritage. I was 7 when I first went to Eritrea and I absolutely loved it. I loved meeting my family there and playing with the neighbourhood kids. That was a time my football skills helped me greatly as well! There was not much of a culture shock for me as I could speak Tigrinya but I think even at that age visiting Eritrea made me feel proud of who I am.

Your Album "My life" is it really about your life tell us something about it? My life is about things my friends have experienced, some things I have experienced such as Amazes me which is dedicated to my cousin whom I lost in a car accident. The album is like life as it has it's high tempo songs and slow songs. What did you study and where? School has always been important to me and that's why I took time out from my music to complete my Bachelor degree in International Relations and Master's degree in International Human Resource Management. I speak 7 languages so I wanted to ensure my focus was international. Receiving my degree was a very proud moment and even more proud as I shared the moment with my dear family. Nothing is impossible and as long as you are prepared to work hard for it you can accomplish anything. That is what I believe.


MUSIC ZONE

when was the last time you went to Eritrea ?

What are your future plans?

The last time I went to Eritrea was 2010 with Eri artisa, which was amazing I loved the fact that I could visit the country and meet people.

Future plans are to continue making music, travel and spread my music to as many people as possible. I also want to set up a mentoring group for our younger generation focusing on empowerment of arts especially music which is what I know the most about. I get messages from young people from all over the world who want advice on how to make it or progress in the music industry and it means the world to me that I can give back and help.

What did you feel when you went to Sawa? The first time I went to Sawa was in 2004 and I really didn't know what to expect. To me it was an honour to perform for my people and I wanted to be with them and speak with people. the last time I was there I went with Eri artista and it’s amazing to see that we have so many talented singers .. And we are only a few of so many artists that are out there. I only hope that we have managed to inspire someone out there to believe in themselves and that they can accomplish anything they put their mind into. If shy Winta can do it you can! If you had a chance what would you like to change in Eritrean music art? I love Eritrean music everything from Kunama to Tigrinya and we have so many great lyricists. It's very poetic. Rather than a change I would however welcome a variety of music perhaps a blend of what I do R&B and native rhythms? I'm a big fan of Wedi Tkabo as a lyricist and singer. because of his unique and powerful voice and also for his lyrics.

I would also like to thank every single person who has supported me throughout these years. It really means the world to me.’ and thank you for letting me be a part of the magazine and I wish you all the best! all for one,one for all! Thank you for been with us Winta we are very proud of you!



issue 2