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EDITORIAL Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Just kidding, power is amazing!
Issue brought to you by Alise Golovacka, Edgars Spudiņš, Isabella Leandersson, Jānis Pētersons, Nastia Yeremenko, Nathan Hunter, Robin Rönneke Belfrage, Marek Navrátil, Merel Blok, Ieva Vīksne, Mairi Sõelsepp, Jaan Kristjan Utno, Kārlis Caune, Andre Tamm 2
From the very beginning of this session you may have noticed quite a few references about kings, royalty, precious gems and polished manners. Even though it is a pretty straightforward theme, we do owe you a brief explanation of the idea behind it. During the Opening Ceremony you had the chance to meet and greet the leaders of the session. But there is a catch to their role and what they represent as a team. The President, Head-Organisers and Editors could easily be perceived as members of the British royal family. Here’s how. First of all, we have Kate and Wimmiam, the world’s number one couple. Moreover, we have Diana and Karles – a couple of royal names that should ask for no further explanations. And since every family must have an odd member to it, there is the lesser-known Prince Andrew, who is actually the first British royal to have a Twitter account. The overall theme of this session is “Create a Base for Diverse Space”. Each of us, of course, will have a different opinion on what this base should look like, but we will nevertheless offer you at least a few of the possible answers in the pages that you are about to read.
AN EDITORIAL INTRODUCTION
For hundreds of years, monarchies in Europe were assumed to be the strongholds of the continent, with royalty, tradition, strong armies and ceremonial rituals serving as cornerstones on the political and social order. If we look at the modern history and its development, the idea of democracy is still in its young days, while monarchy and royal families have ruled for much longer. This is a fact that we tend to forget at times, but we ought not to – there most certainly is a reason why this political arrangement could persist for so long. We still do not know what the future holds for us and perhaps living life the royal way has more to offer than we tend to think. There is something captivating in the idea – just look at the resonance the birth of the royal baby brought about! So here is our chance to look back and give the idea a second chance. While on our way towards creating pre-conditions for a diverse space, we must realise that a car cannot ride without a rear-view mirror. So may the royal strength be with you and may it guide you through the session.
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Caracas, Venezuela. At first glance the Tower of David appears to be just an unfinished building. But if you take a closer look, you will find a world of its own. The skyscraper – intended to be one of the highest bank buildings in Latin America – is home for over 700 families. After the bank that owned the tower had gone bankrupt in 1994, it became a haven for prostitutes and addicts. This situation changed when families unable to find housing in the capital city of Venezuela began a construction project inside the building five years ago. Nowadays, the community inside the tower pays for their water and electricity legally. Although the act of squatting is illegal, over a thousand people are provided with cheap housing. The Tower of David is just one of many examples of successful squatting projects. Squatting became a well-known concept during the sixties. Increasing poverty and a lack of proper living space made young people squat in vacant properties. Squatting has evolved a lot since then. Great projects and initiatives have been born thanks to squatting.
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In Berlin, an artist moved into a vacant building that later became an art house called Kunsthaus Tacheles in 1990. It contains over a hundred artist-created galleries, workshops and even a night club. An open air exhibition was permanently held in the garden outside. Morritz, a former resident, says: “We were very self-sufficient. We gave workshops at low cost and played movies. You could feel the creative vibe as soon as you entered.” That was until some time ago when the owner announced the eviction of the residents. Not only are great art projects destroyed by this, but on top of that, about a hundred people will lose their jobs. Squatting is illegal in most countries and also somewhat controversial. But in spite of that, creative people and activists still find ways to start up innovative projects and provide housing for those in need. So whenever you are desperate for a place to live, you know what to do.
- Ro bin Rön neke Belf rage
Yalil is roughly 35, a short squat man with a receding hairline and hawk nose. His gaze is steady and half of the communication between us is accomplished through enthusiastic gesturing. I would not have met this man if not for a community garden. Yalil and I just seem to be too different. We are not however and neither of us would have realised this if not for the garden. Urban farming is not just about a hipsterish desire to grow your own food, it is more than just a trend. For some it is a way of making ends meet, for others a way of changing your life and surroundings. The urban farm creates a shrine of beauty in a stern, sometimes even desolate, environment; the patch of greenery inevitably attracts interest. Ties are formed – in the community garden prejudices and social strata are broken down.
Segregation has decreased visibly in the neighbourhood where I live since the urban farming project started. Old Swedish ladies suddenly talk with young Somali women and the man who has suffered a stroke receives help with the planting. Even the juvenile criminals that show no respect for neither private nor public property leave the urban farm alone when on a rampage through the neighbourhood. Though the greatest and maybe the most unexpected effect of urban farming is how it unites the people around the farm, it also fills a vital role in the development of a society that tackles the challenges of climate change. Urban farming helps lower the dependence on industrial agriculture – a sector which is heavily dependent on fossil fuels – and reduces the emissions caused by the transportation of food products. Finally, urban farms create spaces for meetings and conversations that go beyond the ordinary. They are spaces of calm where you as an individual can form the world around you. If only by growing a zucchini, it is a way to claim a piece of the cityscape. The garden diversifies the urban space beyond housing, shopping malls and office buildings; it is a statement, sometimes even a bold one. Do you know how good homegrown vegetables taste? 5
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QUIZ - Isabella L eandersson & Nastia Ye remenko
Who do you think you are? Are you a peasant, jester, merchant or even a monarch?
1) How a) I b) I c) I d) I
do you deal with problems?
ask someone else to deal with them for me feel depressed and yell at my superiors use my talents in order to make the best of the situation joke about it to hide its effects on me
a) I must say that I find it hard to resist a nicely cooked swan b) What food? c) Whatever the posh are having, just slightly less posh d) Whatever I can juggle
3) There is reaction?
a terrible bread shortage, what is your
a) No problem, I’ll just have cakes instead. b) They’re all saying it’s my fault! (I panic) c) Well, they’re all saying it’s someone else’s fault… (I don’t care) d) I find that I have to put my “we’re all going to die from star vation” jokes to early retirement.
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would you describe your style?
a) Impeccable. I am truly a trendsetter b) All I have is hand-me-downs, does that make me hipster? c) I like to look like I’m coming directly from work, but that doesn’t mean that you can’t look good d) It’s a bit flashy…
far back can you trace you ancestry?
a) Oh, my favourite question. Let’s see. It all started with my great-great-greatgrandfather George… b) Ancestry? Is that a fruit? c) Further than you could d) Oh, my aunt was really odd, you know, once she…
is your favourite pet?
a) A pug to keep me warm in bed b) Does a cow count? c) A guard dog d) A parrot for comedic effect
7) Favourite sion?
part of an
a) GA (everyone listens to me) b) Coffee breaks (free food) c) Committee work. I get to show my knowledge and talent d) Teambuilding. A few jokes, some funny. moves and I’m the most popular one around
do you wish you had less?
a) Enemies b) Droughts c) Customers who “forget” their debts d) Critics who are entirely wrong and who have always seemed kind of stupid anyway. What do I care about their stupid reviews? Arghh!
9) What is the one thing in life you wish you had more of? a) Power b) Food c) Materials d) Fame
Mostly D’s: How lovely! A little jokester crawls out of the shadows. Tell us a joke, ey, will ya? Mostly C’s: The finest of cloths, the sturdiest of weapons and the nicest cuts of meat can all be trusted to come from a merchant’s skillful hands. Mostly B’s: Oh dear… Seems like we’ve got a peasant on our hands. Now just stay there and I’ll draw a bath for you all right? Don’t move… Mostly A’s: Well golly gee, I never. What a surprise, what an honor yer majesty. Surely your deep self-appreciation will inspire us all. So, who are you? Time to see.
WHAT ARE YOU MISSING? Start by walking around in a forest full of people looking for fresh milk right from a cow’s udder and find yourself in a giant hogweed field at the end. This is nothing impossible in Latvia, especially during an event taking place at the moment – “LabaDaba” 2013. At the same time as the 11th National Conference of EYP Latvia there are several events taking place all across Latvia, but one of them is worth taking notice of no matter what. It is the “LabaDaba” live music festival which meets an audience of at least 20 000 people per year, making it the second most attended annual event in the country. The most popular one is “Positivus”, which takes place at the end of July in Salacgrīva.
- Jānis Pētersons
The one aspect differentiating both of these music related events from the rest is the approach to the needs of the audience. If you are looking for an occurrence that is striving for the quality of an internationally recognised popular music festival, “Positivus” is the place to go since artists such as “Imagine Dragons”, “Sigur Rós” and “Noah and the Whale” are performing there. However, if you are looking for something to help you look into the Latvian culture without any serious expectations from the musical coverage, “LabaDaba” is your best choice. The festival takes place at the beginning of August in Sigulda, Latvia. The audience of 20’000 to 25’000 heads is not an obstacle to meeting up with the most popular Baltic bands. Some of the headliners are “The Toasters”, “Jumprava” and “Satellites LV”. Even though “LabaDaba” is considered an indie music festival, it attracts a wider and wider audience every year. The key to its success is the general feel of the whole event. Despite being a major festival in Latvia, it still manages to maintain the atmosphere of a minor one. The whole event is an opportunity to discover new horizons, meaning an innovative approach to not only music, but lifestyle as well. In the festival one is given the possibility to enjoy music from three stages, which are all connected to the theme of nature. The festival’s name itself means GoodNature. This year there are Eža (Hedgehog’s), Suņa (Dog’s), Kraukļa (Crow’s) and Lāča (Bear’s) stages that gather a total number of 65 bands from all around the world that categorised by music style. Eastern European artists are mostly the headliners.
Considering that this year’s festival probably will not be attended by any LNC`13 members, a reflection of “LabaDaba” 2012 might encourage one to visit it next year. The theme of it was “Nature Inside of You”, thus empowering several non-musical activities connected to it. Such fun attractions as having one’s full body spray-painted, one’s chest cast in plaster or even enjoying a lubricated water slide into a pond. It is all about atmosphere and perception of life during these two days. And the pursuit of happiness continues when it comes to music. Mostly the bands playing are representing the music style SKA, which is a combination of reggae, jazz, blues and rock. Some of the SKA bands this year are “The Toasters”, “Oranžās Brīvdienas” or “The Dancing Clouds”. Another vital part of the musical format is the electronic DJ tent – “The Crows` Nest”. Headliners there are “Funky Breakout”, “Biorne” and “Viesach”. To sum it all up, “LabaDaba” is something different from the usual festivals because of its focus on innovation. By doing so, it managed to grow into an important cornerstone of the Latvian festival culture. Free yourself up, find your rubber boots and go for the milk, as I did. The adventure is calling you and if you are looking for one, feel free to join me at “LabaDaba” 2014.
BELARUS - Nastia Yeremenko
It’s Belarus where I come from But I can hardly call it home ‘cause it’s disturbed, but still unique And that is why it’s hard to speak Of all those things that make it such But I will try it, very much It is symbolic, there’s no doubt And it’s reflected in the crowd So I will mention all of it And show it, while you just sit First, the aurocks comes to mind An extinct bison, one of kind It lives in “Pushcha” near Brest To save it we do our best As far as birds are here concerned We cherish storks what’re being born On fields of ears and bluetts The sights that give you no regrets The land is beauty, that’s for sure With lakes and rivers – we are secure But some of lands are very harsh
Because they all consist of marsh It’s our burden and a gift It’s dangerous and it’s a thrift For nature of the whole Europe And atmospheric cleaning-up And as we’re human we got to eat We have potatoes, rape and beet And as all those require fields We have the tractors for these needs I mean we use them quite a lot For harvests mainly, but they’re bought By foreign companies as well So country profits, I can tell But don’t you think of us like this We’re not some peasants: ‘cause we cease The day, the history and more We come in deeds as well – folklore Our history is full of names Of heroes, as them country claims
Who sacrifices their lives in war For mutual peace and nation’s core. We struggle through science granite And we succeed in all of it Especially in IT techniques With geniuses who simply rock it. But I myself is more inward I cherish culture and the world Of art and studies and ethnics That’s why I’ll mention some of this Our nation is controversial We love to dance and sing, for sure But out songs are sad and quite/like cry While dances make us feel alive We We We We
jump, rotate, we bend and step do the moves backward, ahead shake the shoulders, nod the head, shout a lot. Like we’re mad
I love our culture, it’s off-stream It’s funny, reckless, but worth seeing But modern nation is a bit Just different, and even split
Because it’s what all people say We’re happy in the way we stay And it is mentioned on TV That our country’s best and free And that is where my doubt appears Because my eyes don’t trust my ears I see the people, I can feel That’s something wrong, and it’s big deal As the people we are unique We build the nation that can’t speak We’re quiet, sad and tolerant And we are not allowed to clap Can you imagine? Just like this There’s no clapping in the streets But let’s not concentrate on worse Let’s state the things that make us worth Take me as an example here I’m typical and sincere I represent here Belarus I гэтым усё ж я ганарусь!
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It’s another day in Malnava, I’m sitting in front of a computer and thinking of freedom. This time ‘freedom’ is not meant as a moment when a slave is freed of his master. It’s meant as being free in your being, free in your mind, body and spirit. Gradually a thought rises - How does onereally step into the shoes of freedom? Firstly, some knowledge and understanding of the term is needed before one can delve deeply into the path of becoming free. When looking upon it, ‘Freedom’ in its essence is a very abstract word. In most cases it is quite unclear what kind of animal ‘freedom’ is and what it eats in winter. Browsing through online dictionaries, the Oxford one speaks to me the most in this particular case. One of the Oxford definitions: ‘Freedom is the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants.’ Now, some of you might see a contradiction here. “To act the way we want” would mean that our actions, spoken words and thoughts are constantly being held hostage by our emotions, so they are not actually free, right? It seems as a misunderstanding that arises too often, when thinking of the idea of freedom. I view freedom as the ability to improvise, the chance to be creative and go your unique way in a certain frame. Yes, a frame, because without it, nothing would be achieved. You’ve probably heard the saying – „thinking out of the box”. There’s a reason why the box is mentioned and why the saying isn’t just „Thinking out of plain nothing”. The same way a house is built on a solid foundation, we think out of the box by using it as our foundation for thoughts. Therefore, ‘Freedom’ means not only the creative area outside the box, but also the very box itself.
Once the idea of freedom is about the blank space in the frame, one should learn how to use the most of the space available. This can be achieved by simple, but often forgotten tips. Just be laid-back, relax and have as much fun as you can. Because only if the person is ready to use all of the space in a certain restricted area, feeling great and not restricted in the process, can he truly be called free.
OF THE ROYAL - Alise Golovacka
Did you hear that the Queen Elisabeth II ordered Prince Harry's lordy parts to be cut off due to his recent naked dance in Las Vegas? As scary and messed up as it might sound, that would be the reality in the 16th century. But to be honest, it is exciting to read about kings cutting off fingers or heads of their people. So, let’s have a short look at the most brutal rulers of history. Let me first introduce you to Ivan IV, the tsar of Russia. Normally, only his enemies would be on the list of execution and torture. The only problem was that in his paranoid thoughts everyone was an enemy. What did Ivan do to them? Nothing much, really – boiled them, fed them to bears and wolves or buried them alive. At least he spent a lot of father-son time watching those executions. When Ivan was in a really good mood, he tortured the ''perpetrators'' himself. His ultimate hobby is said to be removing people's ribs with hot pinchers. I personally find operating body parts with pinchers a bit nasty, but a countess who lived in the Carpathian Mountains – Elizabeth Ba-
thory – would not even blink. Her passion was girls – especially their blood on her skin. She used to relax in blood baths having a small bite of a virgin‘s flesh. Elizabeth’s idea behind this was that blood makes your skin fresher and younger. She even made the girls bite themselves and eat their own flesh. Elizabeth is also famous for her invention – a cylindrical cage with spikes inside that is too narrow to sit and too small to stand in. Her strange crave for blood was rewarded with a nickname – Countess Dracula. Stories tell that she actually had an affair with the real prince Dracula who was not exactly innocent himself. Besides using people for bayonet practice, hanging them by their tongues on iron hooks, burning them or cutting, Vlad Dracula also loved to have a horse attached to each of the victim’s legs. Then, a stake was gradually forced into the body through the buttocks until it emerged from the mouth. The less sharp part of the stick was always checked twice so the victim would not die too soon, making it more fun to watch for Vlad. Royalty can be fun and fancy, but in the aforementioned cases it represented real hell for the people of the 16th century. I really hope Wim – the King of LNC’13 – prefers the more chill activities of today’s royal families – drinking tea instead of blood or riding horses instead of using them as torturing devices.
Peasants, this is your chance to gain fame within the session, be crowned a royal and become legendary within EYP! To gain such a spectacular reward you will need to complete a challenging task – solve this cryptic message:
using the following letters: yctnlor!araooni
To make this task more fun – and in order to get to know the officials a bit more – there is another task below which shall help reveal the answer. Below there are 8 descriptions of officials and 8 pictures, all with a letter next to them. Pair them up in order to make the cryptic message slightly easier. This organiser is blessed with lovely green eyes. Her nickname is Lassie the Dog and she is a great fan of beer.
e blu r , e air anis in h d e rg Oblue-ey ish ack is o ffee ad l b t e h o te d, a f s ith - t d c , ins rs a blon has d love W a e s e s ye ’t h ecad pref h lot r This person ir ts an cycling e n d e h ir s it cha tripy s bout is chair ha r a rson a w anis rd s a e g e h ov s pe ck t is or wei s!R for hing s. T hrough e k i t t in thi e bla r. Th some umb This any motorb iked es s i r t h n h nic suga do er th argu chair and hitc n cou ir doe r p e erso of also ith h amo ably onc uropea e cha dange n h E has can ks w Wit with unt of the 15 ays. T nger; ha h b A m a d tric z r This in the c facial ost 14 fear d r her). 1 m7 el ey own o h h ( p t a a e i r i i r m e no r n s s 4 i son ’ te ga h o s, , sh rid n ca thi me air a Vice nd use loves am. fear Arme ref e a nno s ch asur nd Riga Presid d to be hikd w an uses bike t sw airp ing pair ith Stud ent o the m a e f th nt. ent du d pa to . Th im ercharm of glass smar t e is rin int Parl e g t s f eat cha or iathe m , this me s and he or m me ir L ly sle edia team ber of a s e h u t eps Imember of mm livi at usua with half l y d er. ng o lon o tivel once pen. Thi ne eye This b eam has rela es. t s This tall fair-haired person y minu laughed person media ir and green e h, s a i tes d is arguably the most powh d for shor t u ie fa is Swe ch n o s r lling e to a co 15 e erful person at the sesFren on th This p o rman, e G n e flo ke , sion – what he or she says D or. Italian ve in li o t o d s l e always goes. This person and us is of ficial is a e Y h h t T used to sprint at the naong mark. gest am r ticle. n u o tional championships, and y the this a n i s l ia his or her burning ambi8 of fic tion is to become secretary general of the UN. O 16
A ROYAL - Nathan Hunter
The quickest way of completing the task is to look at the pictures, find the officials and ask them all the questions you need to link them to their description. Remember, the first delegate to show Nathan Hunter (journo) the answer will be crowned a royal and will reach ultimate fame within the session.
D AN F FE O LI END E TH LEG
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There once was a beggar named Ringold the poor His face was as flat as a woodcutters board Daily begging for money, despite being ignored He had dreams of cheap pleasures he’d never afford His father had been a drunkard before His mother was a fan of mead too So Ringold, without a drip of remorse Thought that his parents footsteps are the right ones to use Oh, yes, one more thing, he was not very wise When some local drunkards threatened to beat him up He thought that they’ll give him fresh beets as a prize Thus, the fact that the townsfolk wished for his demise was not even close to being a surprise As time passed by, Ringold got sick and died. No laughing stock left to increase our self-pride No worries, in just a number of days Some other lowlife will take on his place As seasons change so do change the bums The march proceeds even without the drums Natural rotation of scum is needed to be done to further improve the ‘suave debonair’ slum The bad marks of Ringold were easily inspected I bet he had good ones too, but would someone be interested?
In Europe’s colourful history, royalty has played a big part. Seeing as royalty is a theme of the session I wanted to tell you a bit of about Europe’s rich past. Did you know that there were four consecutive British kings named George? Well, neither did I. Let us take a look at what has shaped our continent.
World’, the eastern part used Greek as the language for religion whereas Latin was used in the west. Later, differences between the two branches became greater than the similarities. The religion split into Roman Catholic (Western Europe) and Orthodox (Eastern Europe) churches. Charlemagne (or Charles the Great) was a French king who, after The Middle Ages inheriting the throne under unconventional circumstances, in The Middle Ages saw many the early Middle Ages created kings and kingdoms. At one a great empire. He is also the point Ireland had 150 kings most recent common ancestor of various importance. It was to all Europeans. You heard it in the beginning of the period here first, folks! that a rift between the western and eastern parts Europe, During the Middle Ages there previously united by the Ro- was also something called feuman Empire, was created. dalism. Kings and Lords could When Christianity started to give some of their land and spread throughout the ‘Old protection to someone in ex-
change for military service. This person was called a vassal. The king or lord could thus call his vassals to a council before making important decisions. The feudal times also saw a lot of political instability. Lords would lose their land to others in fights for power and vassals would have more than one lord. The Elizabethan era The Elizabethan era is what is often referred to as the golden age in English history. This was the era when national pride was born, when Shakespeare was still composing and peace prevailed. The Church of England, independent from Rome, was established, temporarily calming the waters between Catholics and Protestants. During
TIME OF KINGS f LORDS
this period England sought to establish colonies around the world. The Queen sent out ships to Africa in order to seize treasure from Spain - England’s enemy at the time. Later she also overlooked the establishment of the colony of Virginia. Queen Elizabeth, after whom the era is named, was quite the talk of the town during this period. She was never married, and later in life she bragged about “living and dying a virgin”. She would say how she was married to her kingdom and her subjects as a reason for staying unwed. The long periods of stability under her rule of England made it possible for the English to be introduced to foreign goods. The potato, for example!
The Enlightenment Ever picked up an encyclopaedia? Well the man who had the idea was called Denis Diderot and he got arrested because of it. His work was so controversial that the court banned it in 1752. Although Diderot was experiencing troubles because of censorship, political turmoil would soon change that. The church, which promoted censorship, was getting weaker. Many new books with different views on humanity, freedom and politics were printed. Just like the encyclopaedia, they stirred the pot and brought forth new ideas.
ple’s views on kings changed. The feudalistic “divine rights of kings” changed into the philosophy of “consent to be governed”. The philosophy was outlined by another big name, John Locke. He presented the idea that humans were born as blank slates (crudely translated from “Tabula Rasa”) and that life then shaped them. By saying this he was questioning an old royal tradition, namely the birthrights that the royals enjoyed.
Though this was but a small peek at the monster that’s hiding under the weathered sofa of Europe, I hope it has left you slightly curious and with England introduced parliamen- a greater understanding of the tarism around the year 1710 history behind you. and Sweden subsequently circa 1720. During this period peo- - Isabella Leandersson
Imagine going to the London Zoo and entering the penguin enclosure. And then imagine painting “We’re bored of fish” in seven foot letters on the wall. Or think of swimming towards a bridge pillar and stencilling a portrait of yourself on it saying “Stony”. As unrealistic as it may seem, it is possible if you’re a graffiti artist. The man behind the penguin-stunt is a mystery. Nobody knows his real name or age. Nearly no one has ever seen him in person. But his art is sold for up to a million Euros and is visible all over the world. The artist is called Banksy and a favourite of Boris (19), who’s an art student and the creator of Stony-portrait. “Banksy really shows that graffiti is a serious form of art. He makes political statements, provokes people and brightens up ugly walls.”
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But Boris also sees the ugly side of graffiti. “A lot of teens consider themselves artists by making an ugly tag and randomly spraying it everywhere. Believe me: you’re not. Being a graffiti artist means that you pick the right place to paint on and make a creative, new concept. Randomly writing your name on a wall is not art, dude.” These so-called tags are also the main reason of the negative public attitude towards graffiti. People mostly associate graffiti with failed tags and single-coloured words sprayed on concrete. Yet, if the artist makes an effort to create something new, graffiti can actually improve the environment. “Graffiti should be taken seriously, for it is becoming a real form of art.”
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H SUPPO IT W D E IS N A G R O