Norway exempliﬁes the blue economy
Knowledge-based management is key to healthy and sustainable growth The ﬁsheries and aquaculture sector in Norway is an important and growing part of the country’s economy. Highly diversiﬁed in terms of types of production, species, products, and above all, markets, yet the sector still has the potential to increase its contribution to the economy several-fold. Steering this development is Elisabeth Aspaker, Minister of Fisheries, who outlines here some of the ways in which this growth will be realised. Aquaculture and fisheries is expected to increase in importance for the Norwegian economy over the next thirty years in particular in comparison to the oil and gas industry according to a survey of companies carried out in Vestland. What are the factors that will contribute to this development and how can potential negative consequence be averted? Oil and gas will still be important for Norway for many years, but as the growth in the petroleum sector is declining, other sectors must also contribute with larger shares to finance the welfare state. A scientific report presented in 2012 points at the potential to sextuple the economic turnover for the fisheries industry within 2050. Most of this potential is within aquaculture, but to be able to reach the potential, the challenges with lice, escapes and feed must be solved. Within the wild-capture fisheries, the potential lies mostly within exploiting the resources better by developing new products, like for example products for the pharmaceutical industries, chemicals, health food, cosmetics, animal feed and bio energy. 
It is also crucial for renewable resources to have good regulations in place, so that resources and environment are managed in a sustainable manner. Norway is the world’s largest producer of salmon, a carnivorous fish that feeds on fish feed made from fish meal and fish oil. The production of these two commodities has stayed broadly stable over the last decade and is unlikely to grow much in the future. Vegetable matter is increasingly replacing fish derivatives in feed, but it has an impact on the healthfulness of the fish. How can these conflicting objectives (increased salmon output, constraints on fish meal and oil production, lower omega-3 levels in fish) be reconciled? The inclusion of fish meal and fish oil has decreased steadily the last decade, and feed for Norwegian farmed Atlantic salmon contains today approximately 70 vegetable ingredients. This change of diet had not been possible without a substantial research effort. Such research will be important also in the future to ensure a healthy and sustainable feed for the industry.
Elisabeth Aspaker, Minister of Fisheries, Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries, Norway
Fish oil is the main source of marine omega-3 fatty acids in fish feeds. When inclusion of fish oil decrease this lead to decreased levels of omega-3 in the flesh. However, farmed Atlantic salmon of today is still one of the best sources of marine omega-3 fatty
acids in our diet. (One portion (150g) weekly comprise enough omega-3 fatty acids to cover recommended daily intake for the whole week.) Importantly, as the salmon needs a certain amount of omega-3 in their diet, this secures that farmed Atlantic salmon
Eurofish Magazine 3 / 2015
27/05/15 7:39 PM
Published on Jun 1, 2015
Covering Norway and Russia, this issue also review the Seafood Expo Global (SEG) and the aquaculture section looks at geothermal energy use...