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Rete Montagna  Interna,onal  Congress   Eurac  Conven,on  Center  -­‐  Bolzano/Bozen  -­‐  IT  November,  6th  -­‐  8th  2014

A"er Schengen  

Strategy for  a  smart  reuse  of  disused  areas  sites  in  Pontebba  



Francesca Peroni Marianna Mazzucco

After Schengen

Strategy for a smart reuse of disused areas sites in Pontebba

Topics changing economies, tourism & regionality, Alpine agricolture, new inhabitans and demographic inversion, reuse, recovery of land, renewable energies, sustainable mobility and sustainable tourism

Master thesis in landscape design

UniversitĂ IUAV di Venezia academic year 2013-2014 supervisor Viviana Ferrario

Design approach 1.  2.  3.  4. 

Identification and quantification of abandonments Identification of resources Strategy formulation Check one of the components of the strategy through an exploration project

Which metodology? a.  b.  c.  d. 

an important  fieldwork   interviews  to  main  stake  holders   a  photographic  campaign   cartographic  research  

We mapped  each  single  disused  area  in  Pontebba  and  reconstructed   graphically  the  evoluCon  of  land  use  changes  (e.g.  forest  expansion  and  loss   of  slope  meadows).    


region Friuli Venezia Giulia province Udine altitude 568 m asl residents 1.503


Pontebba Pontafel Udine


Villach Tarvisio

Udine Trieste

1915 Border of the Kingdom of Italy and Austro-Hungarian Empire until the WW I


1918 Border of Italy and Austria after the WW I


1.  customs disuse

[Schengen Agreement 1995]

2.  military areas abandonment [End of Cold War 1989]

3.  mountain farming decline (spontaneous reforestation)

Numbers of military disuse in Friuli

50% 3928 Km2 militarized areas in Friuli

1,3% 103 Km2 militarized area in Friuli- a barrack every 100 km

428 sites the total number most probable

[Cinemazero, Tuckerfilm  e  Larea  –  Arpa  FVG,  2010,     sito  web:  Un  paese  di  Primule  e  Caserme]  

1.  customs disuse 2.  military areas abandonment

280.000mq Abandoned areas   (%  on  the  urban  area)  

military disuse   customs  disuse  

border changes 1914/18

1939/45 1951/63


1989 1995 End of Schengen Cold War Agreement

2007 Schengen Agreement

169.000mc Abandoned areas  

3. meadows and pastures decrease

1960 border changes 1914/18



Mountain   farming     extension of the decline   customs in Pontebba 1939/45 1951/63


1995 1989 Schengen End of Cold War Agreement

2007 Schengen Agreement



STRATEGY_goals > Redevelopment  of  the  area     >  PopulaCon  inversion       >  new  employment     >  new  opportuniCes  for  young  people    

STRATEGY Tourism The Contracting Parties shall, when developing tourism, take account of issues such as the conservation of nature and the countryside. They undertake to promote, as far as possible, projects which enhance the countryside and are environmentally acceptable. Tourism Protocol, Alpine Convention

Mobility Ensure the movement of intra-Alpine and transalpine transport at economically bearable costs by increasing the efficiency of transport systems and promoting modes of transport which are more environmentally-friendly and more economic in terms of natural resources. Transport Protocol, Alpine Convention

[…] seek to make energy use more environmentally friendly and shall, as a priority, encourage energy saving and rational energy use, particularly concerning production processes, public services and large hotel complexes, as well as facilities for transport and sport and leisure activities. Energy Protocol, Alpine Convention

Energy Mountain farming […] recognising and securing the continuity of its essential contribution to maintaining the population and safeguarding sustainable economic activities, particularly by means of producing typical high-quality produce, […] and recreational value of nature and the countryside and of cultural life in the Alpine region. Mountain Farming Protocol, Alpine Convention

Synergy of resources

STRATEGY Temporality

ski slopes Ropeway Pontebba/Nassfeld-Pramollo WW I multimedia museum

Farming cooperative Summer PONTEBBA  

production and sale visit to huts

path of the trenches of WW I


Alpe Adria Radweg (rent,bike grill) nature trails and hiking


“Saper individuare la bellezza del mondo, saperla leggere e interpretare non serve solo a diventare più intelligenti, serve a goderne meglio e di più. Perché non ci sono solo bellezze evidenti, ma anche bellezze difficili, difficili come certi quadri, che diventano incantevoli solo quando li si è studiati un pò” [G. Cenacchi, La valle più brutta delle Dolomiti, marzo 1996]

Thank you


Profile for Eurac Research - Institute for Regional Development

RM Congress - Presentation - 05 Peroni  

The Alps in Movement - 2014 - Rete Montagna Congress

RM Congress - Presentation - 05 Peroni  

The Alps in Movement - 2014 - Rete Montagna Congress