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What we know about...?


INTRODUCTION

Non-governmental organization are legally constituted organizations created by natural or legal people that operate independently from any form of goverment. The term originated from the United Nations, and normally refers to organizations that are not a part of a government and are not conventional for-profit businesses. In the cases in which NGOs are funded totally or partially by governments, the NGO maintains its non-governmental status by excluding government representatives from membership in the organization. The term is usually applied only to organizations that pursue wider social aims that have political aspects, but are not openly political organizations such as political parties. The number of NGOs operating in the United States is estimated at 1.5 million. Russia has 277,000 NGOs. India is estimated to have had around 3.3 million NGOs in 2009, just over one NGO per 400 Indians, and many times the number of primary schools and primary health centres in India. NGOs are difficult to define and classify. There are many different types of NGOs路 We are going to see some of them: -Vicente Ferrer fundation.

- Intervida

-UNICEF

- Caritas

-Greenpeace

- Mano Unidas

-WWF

- Medicos sin fronteras


Vicente Ferrer fundation What is it? Vicente Ferrer Foundation is a development NGO committed to improving the living conditions of the most disadvantaged communities in Andhra Pradesh. The Vicente Ferrer Foundation is an NGDO (non-governmental development organization) committed to the process of transforming the poorest and most needy areas of Andhra Pradesh in southeast India. Its team works, both from Spain and from India, to improve the living conditions of some of the most discriminated communities within the Hindu caste system How do they manage? SOURCE OF INCOME → Almost all of the income of the Vicente Ferrer Foundation comes from private funds. This confirms our commitment to independence, a highly valued aspect in the world of international cooperation. INCOME DISTRIBUTION → The distribution of our resources emphasizes a line management committed to India: 88.89% of the income is destined for the program in Anantapur, while only a small part is used for awareness campaigns and administration expenses. TRANSPARENT MANAGEMENT → Trasparency in the natural way of working fot the Vicente Ferrer Foundation. What do they do? They work on different type of proyects: Orthopedic workshops, Specific medical treatments, Establishment of Special Centres... OBJETIVES-->

Advance equiality and opportunities for all Ensure access to secondary school and university for students with disabilities.


UNICEF INTRODUCTION: For 60 years, UNICEF has been working on the ground in 190 countries and territories to promote children’s survival, protection and development. The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS.

CHARASTERISTICS: General Service (GS) staff are locally recruited and provide administrative and support services across all areas of the organization and in all locations. National Officer (NO) staff are nationals of the country in which they perform functions of a technical and professional nature. National Officers are recruited locally. Temporary Appointments (TA) are short term assignments for various staff roles and functions across the organization at all levels and categories. The duration of these appointments is typically up to 364 days. Staff members recruited under a temporary appointment modality receive full salary but slightly reduced benefits. PROYECTS: They have got a lot of proyects in Africa, related with the children protection, for example: in Mauritania they helped poor people who suffer by famine or in Nicaragua they helped people who wanted the nationality. Also, Unicef lend a hand to poor women in Africa who suffer AIDS, to giving money to build new hospitals or for medical attention. But not all the bad things pass in Africa, in Bolivia for example UNICEF will provide water to about 260 families spread over 10 communities / schools Guaranies.


Inter-vida;

Intervida

Inter: This word means between or among. Vida: Is an Spanish word and it means life. Intervida is a non-governumental and independent Spanish development NGO.The organization is based in Barcelona. â—? Mission:

Intervida towards sustainablehuman developement providing the resources necessary so that the most disadvantaged populations can strengthen their capacities and create opportunities to improve their living conditions. â—? Action:

At Intervida, our development projects are aimed at promoting dignity and improving the living conditions of children and their families. And to do this, the Convention on the Rights of the Child is the main referent upon which our actions are based. Currently, Intervida is active in several countries in Latin America, Asia and Africa offering its support to nearly five million people.


What is it?

CĂĄritas

Caritas Internationalis is a global confederation of 165 catholic organisations working in humanitarian emergencies an humanitarian development. Caritas has a permanent presence in most of the world´s countries. Inspired by Christian faith and gospel values, they work with the poors, vulnerable and excluded, or religion. History In July 192 60 delegates from 22 countries formed a conference and in 1928, the conference became known as Caritas Catholica. The delegates met every two years.

Nowadays Caritas is present in the poorest countries of our planet, but it works alongside the world whenever - even in the worls´s richest countries. Caritas member have more than a million staff and volunteers, drawn for many different walks of lifeethnick background or religions. The Caritas confederation is made up of seven regions: Afrika, Asia, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, Middle east and North Afrika, North America and Oceania.


WWF

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international nongovernmental organization working on issues regarding the conservation, research and restoration of the environment. It is the world's largest independent conservation organization with over 5 million supporters worldwide, working in more than 100 countries, supporting around 1,300 environmental projects. The group says its mission is "to avoid the destruction of our environment". Currently, much of its work focuses on the conservation of the world's biodiversity: forests, freshwater ecosystems, oceans and coasts. Among other issues, it is also concerned with endangered species, pollution and climate change. WWF was formed on 29 April 1961, under the name of World Wildlife Fund, and its first office was opened on 11 September that same year in Morges, Switzerland. Godfrey A. Rockefeller played an important role in its creation, assembling the first staff. The American Conservation Association, was joined into the WWF. WWF has set up offices and operations around the world. It originally worked with grants to non-governmental organizations, based on the best-available scientific knowledge and with an initial focus on the protection of endangered species. As they get more money, its operations expanded into other areas such as the preservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of natural resources, the reduction of pollution, and climate change. The organization also began to run projects, and by the 1980s started to take a more strategic advantage to its conservation activities. The Giant Panda mascot of WWF originated from a panda named Chi Chi that was moved from the Beijing Zoo to the London Zoo in the same year of the establishment of WWF. As the only giant panda residing in the Western area at that time and as it is an endangered specie, panda has become the symbol of the organization.


Greenpeace Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organisation all over the world. The aim of this organisation is to ensure the ability of the Earth to nurture life in all its diversity and focuses its campaigning on world wide issues such as globalwarming,deforestatin, overfishing, commercial whaling, genetic engineering and anti nuclear issues. This NGO does not accept donations from the government. They rely on 2.9 million individual supporters and foundation grants. Greenpeace evolved from the peace movement and anti-nuclear protests in the 70s. On September 15, 1971, the foundation “Do not make a wave committee” was renamed as Greenpeace. They did this to protest for some nuclear devices in Alaska. The “Don't Make a Wave Committee” adopted the name Greenpeace.

In a few years, Greenpeace spread to several countries and started to campaign on other environmental issues such as commercial whaling and toxic waste.

Greenpeace is an international organisation since the 70s. Greenpeace is known for its direct actions and has been described as the most visible environmental organization in the world. Greenpeace has raised environmental issues to public knowledge, and influenced both the private and the public sector.


Manos Unidas Who they are? Manos Unidas is the Association of the Catholic Church in Spain for support, promotion and development of the Third World. It, in turn, an NGO for Development (NGO) volunteers, Catholic and secular Background. It began when the women of the Catholic Action started a campaign against hunger in the world. They collected money in schools and churches to bring it to Africa and India. This is done every second sunday of February. Any woman or man can collaborate in Manos Unidas. Spain has 71 delegations. The authors of the campaign against the hunger took the name of Manos Unidas in 1978. The collaboration of Manos Unidas is not intended never to war purposes or involving violence or aggression to humans or nature. Project selection criteria. Manos Unidas projects funded agricultural development, health, education, and social advancement of women, with the aim to help the development of people in Third World countries. Also serves populations in situations of emergency and humanitarian assistance in disasters and other circumstances that require it. For Manos Unidas, development is a process that should lead to social transformations and changes in both the North and the South, so as to achieve decent living conditions for all people . Projects grow out of the needs felt by the population of the poorest countries, and are a tool to encourage the development of peoples, education, food, health care, etc. Ultimately contribute to the eradication of poverty.


Brac Known formerly as the Bangladesh Rehabilitation Assistance Committee (currently, BRAC does not represent an acronym), was initiated in 1972 by Sir Fazle Hasan Abed at Sulla. WHO THEY ARE? This ong is a development organisation dedicated to alleviate poverty by empowering the poor, and helping them to bring about positive changes in their lives by creating opportunities for the poor. THESE ARE THEIR PRIORITIES: Focus on women - BRAC places special emphasis on the social and financial empowerment of women. Grassroots Empowerment - BRAC’s legal rights, community empowerment and advocacy programmes organise the poor at the grassroots level, with ‘barefoot lawyers’ delivering legal services to the doorsteps of the poor. Health and Education - BRAC provides healthcare and education to millions people. Empowering farmers – Operating in eight countries, BRAC’s agriculture programmes work with governments to ensure food security by producing, distributing and marketing quality seeds at fair prices, conducting research to develop better varieties, offering credit support to poor farmers and using environmentally sustainable practices. Inclusive Financial Services - BRAC attempts alleviating poverty by providing CEP and TUP services, disbursing over a billion dollars in microloans annually, augmenting microfinance with additional services like livelihood and financial literacy training. Farmers get access to seasonal loans, high quality seeds and technical assistance. Millions now have the freedom to take control of their lives. NEW PROJECTS: One of their new projects nowadays is to make a partnership with the `Nike Foundation´ BRAC is collaborating with Nike’s Girl Effect campaign to launch a new program to reach out to teenagers in Uganda and Tanzania The Employment and Livelihood for Adolescents program has been successful in Bangladesh and BRAC is now adapting and piloting this program in Africa.


UNICEF The name UNICEF stands for United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund which is a United Nations Programme headquartered in New York City, that provides longterm humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries. UNICEF was created by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946, to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated by World War II. It relies on contributions from governments and private donors and UNICEF's total income for 2008 was $3,372,540,239. Governments contribute two thirds of the organization's resources; private groups and some 6 million individuals contribute the rest through the National Committees. It is estimated that 91.8% of their revenue is distributed to Program Services. UNICEF's programs emphasize developing community-level services to promote the health and well-being of children. As an example of the hard work they do we have this project called UNICEF Tap project is a nationwide campaign that provides children from impoverished nations with access to safe, and clean water. The campaign culminates during World Water Week. March 20–26, 2011, celebrating the United Nations' World Water Day, March 22


Amnesty Internationalis Amnesty International is a global movement who campaign to end grave abuses of human rights. Amnesty International began with one man’s outrage and his courage to do something about it. After learning of two Portuguese students imprisoned for raising a toast to freedom in 1961, British lawyer Peter Benenson published an article, “The Forgotten Prisoners” in the Observer newspaper. That article launched the “Appeal for Amnesty 1961”, a worldwide campaign that provoked a remarkable response. Projects: Women`s, chyildren`s, minoritis and indigenpus rigft Ending torture Abolition of the death penalty Rights of refugees Rights of prisoners of conscience Protection of human dignity Amnesty International has more than 3 million supporters, members and activists in over 150 countries, and are independent of any government, political ideology, economic interest or religion


Oxman Oxfam is an international confederation of 17 organisations working in approximately 90 countries worldwide to find solutions to poverty and related injustice around the world. Though Oxfam's initial concern was the provision of food to relieve famine, over the years the organisation has developed strategies to combat the causes of famine. Oxfam affiliates : Great Britain, Ireland, Canada, America, Quebec, Australia, Netherlands, Belgium, France, Germany, Hong-Kong, India The name "Oxfam" comes from the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief, founded in Britain in 1942. Oxfam has four main focuses for its resources. These are: Economic Justice focuses on making agriculture work for farmers and agricultural labourers living in poverty and vulnerable circumstances, fairer trade rules for poor countries, and reducing the impact of climate change and energy shocks. Essential Services focuses on; demanding that national governments fulfil their responsibilities for equitable delivery of good quality health, education, water, and sanitation, supporting civil society organizations and alliances to hold governments accountable for the delivery of these services, and ensuring better policies and more funding from rich countries and international institutions, as well as make sure they honour existing commitments on aid and debt reduction. Rights in Crisis focuses on improving the ability to deliver better protection and greater assistance.


NGOs  

This work is about NGOs, made with our general knowledge about them: Greenpeace, Vicente Ferrer Fundation, WWF, Brac, Caritas, Manos Unidas....

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