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SINCE  1968


Governor  Christie   Visits  Irvington  Church   “Remember  that  you  are  in  a  house  of  God,� -­  Pastor  Ron  Christian  Reminds  Attendees By  Wintella  Powell and  Lev  D.  Zilbermintz

  About   400   people   packed   Chris-­ tian   Love   Baptist   Church   in   Irvington   to   hear  Governor  Christopher  Christie  speak   about  crime  and  education.  The  event  held   January  19,  2012  was  organized  by  church   leaders   in   coordination   with   the   Gover-­ Photo  credit:  The  Seattle  Times QRUÂśVRIÂżFH   The  event  started  at  10  a.m.,  with   a  blessing  by  Reverend  Reginald  Jackson,   chairman   of   the   Essex   County   College   Board  of  Trustees.  Following  recitation  of   the  Pledge  of  Allegiance,  a  choir  of  three   Page  six young  children  sang  the  national  anthem. Pastor   Ron   Christian   of   Christian   Love   Baptist   Church   introduced   Governor   Christie.   The   pastor   asked   the   audience   to   act   respectably   to   each   other   and   the   elected   representatives.   “Remember   that   you  are  in  a  house  of  God,â€?  said  Christian. By  Ben  Potesky Mayor  Wayne  Smith  of  Irvington  called  on   Staff  Writer the  attendees  to  be  “very,  very  professional   and  respectfulâ€?  when  addressing  Governor   r.   Martin   Luther   King,   Jr.   Christie. should   have   been   at   home     Upon  entering  the  church,  Gover-­ with  his  wife,  children  and   nor   C hristie   received  a  warm  welcome  and   grandchildren   celebrating   a  standing  ovation. his   83rd   birthday   on   the   15th   of   this     In  his  speech,  Christie  talked  about   year.  Unfortunately  on  April  4th  1968   ZKDWKDSSHQHGEHIRUHKHWRRNRIÂżFH$F-­ cowardly   people   who   feared   MLK’s   cording  to  the  governor,  over  117,000  jobs   message   of   peace,   justice   and   equal-­ were  lost  prior  to  his  election.  Taxes  were   ity  ended  his  life  far  too  early.  MLK’s   raised  115  times.  Within  eight  years,  New   assassins  did  succeed  in  destroying  his   Jersey   became   the   state   with   the   highest-­ body,   but   they   did   not   succeed   in   de-­ paid   taxes   in  America,   said   Christie.   Be-­ stroying  his  message.  On  January  17th   cause   of   this,   people   began   to   move   out   2012  hundreds  of  people  from  all  over   of  state  to  Florida,  Virginia,  Pennsylvania   NJ   gathered   in   ECC’s   Mary   Burch   and  North  Carolina. Theatre   to   celebrate   his   life   and   ac-­   Christie  described  to  the  audience   Photo  credit:  Wintella  Powell complishments. Lawrence  Hamm,  delivers  passionate  speech how   he   had   to   make   some   tough   choices     The  event  was  hosted  by  Dr.   LQWKHYHU\ÂżUVWZHHNRIWDNLQJRIÂżFH$F-­ Akil  Kokayi  Khalfani,  the  director  of   FRUGLQJWR&KULVWLHVWDWHRIÂżFLDOVWROGKLP the  Africana  Institute  at  ECC.  Khal-­ ity.â€?  Dr.  Abdullah  emphasized  about  the   that  if  he  did  not  cut  two  billion  dollars  in   fani  opened  by  paying  homage  to  all   power  of  education,  and  how  even  today,   spending  in  the  next  three  weeks,  New  Jer-­ the  men  and  women  who  fought  on   for  anyone  to  truly  be  free,  they  must   sey  would  not  be  able  to  make  payroll  in   the  front  lines  of  the  civil  rights  move-­ have  an  education.  Recalling  her  child-­ March.  Realizing  that  the  state  was  in  seri-­ PHQWZKRVDFULÂżFHGWKHLUOLYHVLQ hood  in  the  South,  she  remembered  hav-­ RXVÂżVFDOWURXEOH&KULVWLHFXWWKHEXGJHW order  that  their  children  and  grandchil-­ ing  no  choice  but  to  go  to  “colored  onlyâ€?   two  years  in  a  row. dren  could  live  in  a  country  that  would   places  in  public.  Abdullah  said,  “I  say   Over  600  programs  were  cut  during  Chris-­ not  treat  them  as  second  class  citizens.   to  you  today  although  we  may  not  have   WLHÂśV WZR \HDUV LQ RIÂżFH EXW WD[HV  ZHUH The  ECC  head  then  turned  over  the   lines  for  white  and  colored  we  still  have   not  raised. stage  to  ECC  President,  Dr.  Edythe   engrained  in  our  society,  engrained  in  our     Christie  said  that  there  were  three   M.  Abdullah.  Dr.  Abdullah  opened   minds  things  that  separate  us  as  human   important   things   that   needed   to   be   ad-­ with  a  powerful  quote  from  MLK  “An   beings,  and  we  must  free  ourselves  from   dressed:   reduction   of   income   taxes,   im-­ individual  has  not  started  living  until   those  chains.â€?  Following  Dr.  Abdullah’s   proving  education  and  cutting  down  crime. KHKDVULVHQDERYHWKHQDUURZFRQÂżQHV powerful  speech,  Rev.  Lola  Akiwowo  led     By   way   of   example,   Christie   of  his  individualistic  concerns  to  the   an  opening  prayer,  followed  by  several   pointed   to   the   fact   that   “property   taxes   broader  concerns  of  all  humanity.â€?   fantastic  songs  performed  by  the  ECC   went   up   less   last   year   than   in   20   years.â€?   She  then  went  on  to  say  “MLK  was   choir  that  truly  embodying  the  events   This   was   accomplished   with   the   help   of   not  only  about  the  struggle  of  African   tone.   authorities  in  Trenton  and  Newark’s  may-­ Americans,  but  the  struggle  of  human-­ continued  on  page  two or,  Cory  Booker.

Dr.  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr. In  His  Own  Words

Remembering  Dr.  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.


Photo  credit:  Wintella  Powell NJ  Governor  Chris  Christie

  To  applause,  the  governor  said   that  he  wanted  to  cut  income  taxes  by   10%  and  raise  the  income  credit  for  the   working  poor.   Another  important  thing  is  the   education   system.   Christie   said   that   teachers  need  to  be  evaluated  to  ensure   WKDWWKH\DUHTXDOLÂżHGWRWHDFKFKLOGUHQ Any   teacher   who   does   not   have   the   necessary   teaching   skills   will   have   to   leave.   “The  criteria  for  the  success  of   the  school  system  is  not  based  primar-­ ily  on  your    zip  code,  but  on  the  quality   of  the  teachers,“    said  Christie.   Christie  said  that  only  “twenty-­ three   percent   of   children   in   Newark   graduated  with  a  high  school  diploma.â€?     The  governor  also  noted  that  his  great-­ grandparents  emigrated  to  Newark;Íž  that   his   grandparents   and   parents   lived   in   Newark  until  1967.   “My   parents   moved   out   of   Newark   in   1967   because   they   were   afraid   I   would   not   get   an   education,â€?   said  Christie.   Crime  was  the  third  important   issue  that  Christie  addressed.    The  gov-­ ernor  questioned  the  logic  of  releasing   violent   offenders   before   they   came   to   trial.       “They   should   keep   you   in   jail   until  you  came  to  trial.    If  you  are  ac-­ TXLWWHGWKDWLVÂżQHÂłVDLG&KULVWLH   The   governor   wondered   why   $27,000  was  spent  to  house  non-­violent   offenders.   By   comparison,   drug   treat-­ ment  costs  $12,000  per  year.   Following   his   speech,   Chris-­ tie   took   questions   from   the   audience.   A  member  of  the  audience  commented   continued  on  page  two

Long  Lines  Plague  ECC  Bookstore  Buyback  Program By  Lev  D.  Zilbermintz News  Editor

Photo  credit:  Wintella  Powell (&&VWXGHQWV¿OO(&&%RRNVWRUHIRU)DOO Buyback  program.

  A  long  line  of  students  snaked  to-­ ZDUGVWKH%X\EDFNRI¿FHORFDWHGLQ front   of   the   ECC   Bookstore   on   Level   1.   Students  were  patiently  waiting  in  line  to   sell  their  college  textbooks  back.  Every  so   often,  the  line  would  inch  forward,  and    an-­ other  student  would  try  sell  his  or  her books.   According  to  the  store  policy  post-­ ed   at html    used  books  have  a  return  value  of  30   percent  of  the  purchase  price.  This  means   that  a  book  which  originally  cost  $60  will   be  sold  back  for  $20.   Used   books   can   be   returned   dur-­ LQJWKH¿UVWWZRZHHNVRI)DOODQG

Spring  semesters.  During  Summer  I  and  II   terms,  used  books  can  be  returned  during   WKH¿UVWZHHNRQO\,QRUGHUWRUHWXUQWKH books,  the  student  must  have  the  original   purchase  receipt,  stated  the website.   ECCO  staff  talked  to  students  dur-­ ing  the  Fall    Buyback  program,  held December   12   –   16,   2011.   Most   students   were  resigned  to  getting  only    a  little  mon-­ ey  for  their  books.

was   displeased   with   the   slow   pace   at   which  the  cashiers  worked. “Cashiers  need  to  put  more  effort,  pas-­ sion  in  their  job,�  said  Tabatha,  a  Social   Science  major. ECCO  staff  counted  at  least  twenty  stu-­ dents  waiting  in  line,  and  only  one  ca-­ shier  serving  them.

Marva   Rudder,   the   Director   of   the   Bookstore,  defended    the  cashier.  In Izaias,   an   undecided   major,   said,   [I   take]   an   email   response,   the   director   wrote,   “Whatever   money   they   [the   Bookstore]   “The   cashier   performs   satisfactorily.   give  me.  Use  it  to  buy  books  for  next  se-­ No  complaints  were  ever  made  regard-­ mester.� ing  the  process.� Another   student,   Tabatha,   Class   of   2013,  

Essex  County  College  303  University  Ave.  Newark,  NJ  07102

continued  on  page  two



Christie  Church  Visit   continued  from  page  one

as   to   whether   the   Governor   and   Legislature   could  do  anything  to  stop  the  killings  in  New-­ ark.  After   all,   the   anti-­bullying   bill   was   fast-­ tracked  through  the  Legislature. Afrika,   an   ECC   alumnus,   Class   of   2011,   asked,  “What  is  the  Governor  going  to  do  to   create  jobs?�   Gary  Campbell,  a  member  of  People’s   Organization  for  Progress,  said,  “I  hate  to  be   negative,   but   everything   was   set   up.   Every-­ thing  is  controlled  [by  the  church].  The  gov-­ ernor  did  not  address  the  foreclosure  issue  in   Irvington.  I  think  that  is  key.�   Viva   White,   a   Newark   native,   said   that   the   meeting   with   the   governor   should   have   been   held   “in   a   bigger   building�   and   a   better  time  of  the  day.   “It  is  about  the  people,�  said  White.

Look, a tall purple rectangle!

NEWS Bookstore  Buyback

Remembering  MLK continued  from  page  one

  Rudder  explained  that  the  Bookstore  uses  a  set   criteria  for  determining  which  books  it  will  buy  back.   According   to   Rudder,   “the   buying   decision   is   made   with  the  aid  of  the  textbook  Buyer’s  Guide.Textbooks   are  purchased  if  they  will  be  used  in  the  upcoming  se-­ mester. Textbooks   are   purchased   if   up   to   the   buyback   event   no  edition  changes  are  announced.  The  Bookstore  also   purchases   text   which   will   not   be   used   in   ECC   class-­ rooms  (per  the  Buyer’s  Guide  and  Wholesale Agreement).�   Aly,  a  Biology/Premed  student,  Class  of  2015,   wanted  to  see  the  Bookstore  buy  more  books  than  now.   The  freshman  said  she  sold  one  book  for  $10,  a  fraction   of  its  original  cost.   Another   nursing   students,   Natalie,   Class   of   2012,  said,  “It  is  holiday.  You  can  only  get  a  little  extra   money  back.�   According   to   Director   Rudder,   students   may   get  up  to  50  percent  of  the  original  price  for  their  text-­ books.    A  lot  depends    on  condition;͞  demand;͞  lack  of   edition  changes;͞  and  whether  texts  will  be  used  in  the classrooms.   Asked   whether   the   Bookstore   had   an   Internet   buyback   program,   Rudder   said   that   one   has   been   in   place  since  2008.  It  can  be  found  at   The   next   Buyback   program   will   take   place   at   the  end  of  the  Spring  2012  semester.

  Eventually  it  was  time  for  the  keynote   speaker,  civil  rights  activist  Lawrence  ‘Larry�   Hamm,  a  veteran  human  rights  activist  with  over   30  years  of  experience.  Immediately  after  taking   the  stage  Mr.  Hamm’s  strong  presence  was  felt   by  the  audience  as  his  powerful  voice  boomed   throughout  the  auditorium.  “It  is  a  great  honor  for   me  to  be  here  with  you  today  for  this  celebration  of   one  of  the  greatest  Americans  that  ever  lived,  Dr.   Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.�  he  opened.       Hamm  continued  with  an  extremely  pas-­ sionate  speech,  telling  students  that  just  like  the   civil  rights  pioneers  before  them  it  is  time  to  take   action.  “We  need  to  be  marching  right  now  on   boards  of  education  all  over  this  state  to  make  Dr.   King’s  books  required  readings  in  these  public   schools!�  he  continued.  Mr.  Hamm  then  reminded   the  audience  that  MLK  day  was  by  no  means  given   to  the  people,  and  if  it  weren’t  for  the  hard  work   and  dedication  of  certain  men  and  women,  MLK   day  would  have  likely  not  become  a  holiday.     Hamm  eventually  closed  with  a  message   to  the  students  of  ECC  “Our  history  shows  us  that   if  we  can  put  aside  our  differences  and  unite  on  our   common  interests,  there  is  NOTHING  we  cannot   accomplish!�     After  the  event  was  over  I  asked  Dr.  Khal-­ fani  what  the  one  message  from  event  he  would   like  the  students  to  remember.  Khalfani  said,  “The   message  to  take  away  from  this  is  that  students   today  have  a  huge  role  in  changing  the  world  just   as  they  did  in  the  civil  rights  movement.�       This  event  was  not  only  a  celebration  of   MLK  the  man,  but  the  message  he  conveyed,  and   that  if  students  of  ECC  have  the  courage  to  stand   up  for  the  things  they  believe  in  just  as  he  did,  then   they  truly  have  the  power  to  change  the  world.

continued  from  page  one

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Your stomach produces a new layer of mucus every two weeks so that it wont digest itself.

Choosing  Identities continued  from  page  seven

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[but]  it  would  be  for  us  a  backward  step,â€?  Ryder  ratio-­ nalizes  as  he  weighs  the  options  of  assimilating  into   white  society  for  survival,  or  accepting  the  complex   psychological  “burdenâ€?  of  the  black  race.  In  fact,  he  is   one  of  the  most  ardent  believers  in  this:  Ryder  chas-­ tises  the  “growing  liberality,  almost  a  laxity,â€?  of  others   in  the  Blue  Vein  Society  concerning  intermingling  with   blacks.  He  does  this  despite  his  own  humble  origins.   But  by  the  end  of  the  story,  after  Liza  Jane’s  poignant  – and  chastening—appeal,  the  answer  to  whom  between   whites  and  blacks  the  group  should  be  loyal  seems   clear:  the  one  that  would  be  loyal  to  them.   7KHZRUGVWRQHDQGFRQWH[WRIWKHÂżQDOSDUDJUDSKVRI “The  Wife  of  His  Youthâ€?  suggest  the  whole  audience   in  attendance  has  been  moved  by  Ryder’s  tale.  There   was  no  true  alternative  to  handling  the  appearance  of   someone  like  Liza  Jane;Íž  acceptance  was  the  only  right   answer.  “For  the  story  had  awakened  a  responsive  thrill   in  many  hearts.  There  were  some  present  who  had   seen,  and  others  who  had  heard  their  fathers  and  grand-­

fathers  tell,  the  wrongs  and  sufferings  of  this  past   generation,  and  all  of  them  still  felt,  in  their  darker   moments,  the  shadow  hanging  over  themâ€?.  Even   within  the  Blue  Vein  Society,  Liza  Jane’s  story   resonates.  Ryder  (and  Chesnutt)  knew  it  would.  By   having  Liza  Jane  wait  in  an  adjoining  room,  by  Ry-­ der’s  act  of  looking  at  Mrs.  Dixon  with  a  “mingled   expression  of  renunciation  and  inquiry,â€?  and  by   making  his  intent  to  choose  his  loyal  wife  abun-­ dantly  clear.  But  most  telling  of  all  would  be  his   recitation  of  the  moral  charge  “to  thine  own  self  be   true,â€?  uttered  by  Polonius  in  Shakespeare’s  Hamlet,   SODFHGVLJQLÂżFDQWO\EHIRUHWKHHQGRIWKHWDOH It  is  easily  arguable  that  Ryder  had  made  his  choice   well  before  revealing  her,  in  his  own  words  to   himself.  The  audience  is  meant  to  be  moved;Íž  the   ÂżFWLRQDO5\GHUNQHZWKHLUKHDUWV%\H[WHQVLRQLW is  suggested  that  author  Chesnutt  knew  his  read-­ ing  audience.  “He  should  have  acknowledged  her,â€?   they  say.  To  deny  “the  wife  of  his  youthâ€?  in  all  her   apparent  blackness  and  loyalty  would  be  to  deny   some  fundamental  part  of  themselves–their  own   respective  racial  identities.

For  ECC  Students Now  Through  April  16th 2I¿FHRI0DUNHWLQJ &RPPXQLFDWLRQV

99% of Americans have seen combat on TV. 1% of Americans have seen combat in Iraq or Afghanistan.

Photo by Petty Officer 2nd Class Sandra M. Palumbo, U.S. Navy - Bahrain, November 6, 2007

  ECC’s  Single  Stop  USA  student   resource  center  is  offering  free  income  tax   preparation  services  for  students  now  through   April  16.     Those  eligible  must  be  current  ECC   students  with  incomes  of  less  than  $49,000   if  married  or  with  dependents,  or  less  than   $25,000  if  single  without  dependents.  Stu-­ GHQWVPXVWEULQJLGHQWL¿FDWLRQDQG6RFLDO Security  cards  for  everyone  listed  on  the   return.  Also  required  are  W-­2  forms  for  each   job;͞  documentation  and  provider’s  tax  iden-­ WL¿FDWLRQLIFODLPLQJFKLOGFDUHH[SHQVHVDQG any  other  tax-­related  documentation  received,   such  as  tuition  receipts.       The  free  service  is  offered  from  10   a.m.  to  2  p.m.  Mondays,  Tuesdays,  Thurs-­ days,  and  Fridays,  and  3  to  7  p.m.  Wednes-­ GD\V7KHFRQ¿GHQWLDOVHVVLRQVDUHKHOGLQWKH Green  Area  near  the  Educational  Opportunity   )XQG (2) RI¿FH&DOO.HYLQ.XUG]LHODW 973-­877-­1856  for  additional  information.   Taxes  are  due  this  year  by  April  17,   as  April  15  falls  on  a  Sunday  and  April  16  is   the  Emancipation  Day  holiday  in  the  District   of  Columbia.

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student life Getting By At Essex County College S u r v i v a l   T i p s   F r o m   a   R e c e n t   G r a d u a t e By  Leonita  Rexha Staff  Writer

New  Students:

transcripts)  and  degree  requirements  before  seeing   them.   If   you   think   you   don’t   have   a   degree,   then   you  are  Liberal  Arts.  *This  applies  to  current  stu-­ dents  as  well*     ,I \RX DUH JHWWLQJ ¿QDQFLDO DLG DOZD\V EHVXUHWRJRLQWKHRI¿FHZLWKHYHU\WKLQJEHFDXVH they  will  make  you  go  back  six  times  for  the  small-­ est   things   and   the   line   there   can   take   forever.  Try   to  schedule  your  visits  there  when  you  have  abso-­ lutely  nothing  to  do  for  the  next  couple  of  hours.     6-­  If  you  are  planning  to  go  to  a  four  year   college   after   Essex   County   College,   make   certain   the  classes  you  are  taking  are  transferrable  or  else   \RXZLOOHQGXS¿QGLQJRXW\RXWRRNWKRVHFODVVHV for  no  reason.  is  a  good  website   to  help  you  with  that.  Remedial  classes,  those  be-­ low  100,  are  non-­transferrable.       7-­  If  you  are  going  to  a  four  year  college,   your  hardest  classes  will  be  your  best  and  the  most   memorable.  

  First,  I  would  like  to  say  Welcome  to  Es-­ sex  County  College  and  congratulations  on  your   acceptance.  Now,  that  you  are  in  college,  here  is   a  list  of  items  that  may  better  prepare  you  for  stu-­ dent  life.   No,  itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  not  more  books  to  buy,  but  some  things   ,ZLVK,NQHZZKHQ,ÂżUVWJRWKHUH)ROORZWKHVH VWHSVDQG\RXUÂżUVWVHPHVWHUZRQÂśWEHWRREDG hopefully!   1-­  The   counselors   in   the   Red  Area   gelp   ÂżUVWWHUPVWXGHQWVFKRRVHWKHLUFODVVHV<RXFDQ also   register   withdraw   online.   This   means   you   can  avoid  waiting  in  the  never-­ending  Enrollment   Services  line.   2-­   Take   time   to   learn   your   way   around   WKHFROOHJH'RQRWORRNIRU\RXUFODVVHVÂżYHPLQ-­ utes  before  classes  start  as  some  professors  will   not  excuse  your  lateness.  They  are  preparing  you   for  the  real  world  where  lateness  will  not  be  ac-­ cepted  by  your  employers.   3-­   You   will   have   to   do   everything   on   your  own  unless  you  have  a  really  good  profes-­ sor   or   counselor   to   help   you.  Thus,   if   you   have   found   that   good   samaritan   or   counselor   to   help   \RXDOZD\VKDYHRQKDQG\RXUDXGLW XQRIÂżFLDO

Illustration  credit:  Leonita  Rexha

Good  luck!


ECCO  Roving  Photographer

Meet...Indira  Singh

  8-­   If   you   are   not   used   to   or   afraid   of   the   work  load  that  college  gives,  donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  be.  In  the  pro-­ cess  you  will  learn  to  work  under  pressure  and  un-­ derstand  the  meaning  of  procrastination.  

Student Life & Activites at The West Essex Campus By  Patrice  Wright Staff  Writer

Photo  Credit:  Wintella  Powell ,QGLUD6LQJK(&&'HQWDO+\JLHQHDQG(GXFDWLRQPDMRU By  Wintella  Powell Staff  Writer

  Indira  Singhâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  perspective  of  Essex  County   College  is  that  no  matter  how  old  you  are  or  where   you  are  within  your  education,  it  is  never  too  late   to   pursue   or   further   your   education.   The   college   has   over   600   hundred   programs   to   choose   from.     Singhâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  majors  are  Dental  Hygiene  and  Education.   Indira  desires  to  teach  everyone  all  around   the  world  how  to  properly  take  care  of  their  teeth.   She  wants  to  provide  free  dental  plans  for  people  in   other  countries  who  cannot  afford  dental  insurance.     Singh   enjoys   motivating   children   and   encourages   them  to  get  a  good  education  and  to  stay  in  school   in  order  to  lead  successful  lives.   Indira  believes  that  it  is  important  that  our   African  American  children  know  their  history.  We   all   must   remember   our   brothers   and   sisters   who   have  paved  the  way  for  us.    With  that  being  said,   Indira   wants   the   Black   Student   Union   reinstated   at   Essex   County   College.     She   is   seeking   serious   students   who   are   interested   in   helping   her   in   this   venture.  

  Essex  County  Collegeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  West  Essex  campus,   ORFDWHGLQ:HVW&DOGZHOOLVÂżOOHGZLWKVFKRROVSLULW just  in  time  for  the  Spring  Semester.         Most  of  West  Essexâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  events  are  free  and   open  to  all  of  the  students  who  attend  the  campus.     As  the  semester  progresses,  more  of  events   will  be  added  to  the  calendar  and  with  everyoneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s   favorite  price,  free.     West  Essex  student,  Shana  May,  boasted   about  their  Open  Mic  Nights,  Free  Breakfast  in  the   Morning,  and  Free  Peanut-­Butter  and  Jelly  Sand-­ wich  Day  (PB&J  Day).     Although  this  campus  may  be  smaller  than   the  main  campus  in  Newark  â&#x20AC;&#x201C;  that  doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  take  away   from  the  student  interaction  with  their  classmates  or   teachers.     Everyone  knows  almost  everybody  that   attends  this  campus.  Brandon  Layne,  of  both  cam-­ puses  adds  â&#x20AC;&#x153;There  are  clothing  stores  nearby  and  a   lot  of  fast  food  places,  restaurants,  and  deliâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  around.   Different  banks  are  close  by  and  the  parking  for  the   school  is  also  FREE.â&#x20AC;?  Layne  feels  the  environment   in  and  around  the  school  is  really  comforting.      

Photo  credit:  Christian  Blair

Upcoming  Events  at  West  Essex: February  1st-­  Free  PB&J  Day February  9th  â&#x20AC;&#x201C;  Extreme  Game  Day February  22nd  â&#x20AC;&#x201C;  Black  History  Month  Celebra-­ tion Stay  Connected.  Follow  on  Twitter:   @EssexCountyWEC

Instant  Valentineâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  Day  Card my gift to you.

Illustration  credit:  Stacey  Almonte




OPINION Letter  to  the  Editor


  Many   people   do   not   know   the   hard   work,   commitment   and   dedication   it   takes   to   publish   a   college   newspaper  and  achieve  academic  success  at  the  same  time.  I  can  only  imagine  that  producing  a  student  news-­ paper  is  no  a  walk  in  the  park.  And  my  position  as  president  of  Student  Government  Association  (SGA)  gives   me  a  unique  vantage  point  to  make  such  an  observation.    $VVWXGHQWOHDGHUVZHRIWHQKDYHWRPDLQWDLQDGLIÂżFXOWEDODQFHEHWZHHQPDQDJLQJPXOWLSOHFRPSHWLQJ priorities  and  responsibilities  with  attending  classes  and  getting  good  grades.  At  the  same  time,  we  try  to  have   a  social  life  and  enjoy  the  college  experience.  This  often  begs  the  question:  what  is  college  life  like  when  you   are  participating  in  an  extracurricular  activity  and  trying  graduate  with  a  respectable  GPA?  Most  often  there  is   little  or  no  college  life.   Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  why  it  is  important  to  take  time  out  to  say  a  big  thanks  to  the  hardworking  ECCO  staff,  as  well   as  many  other  students  who  devote  their  time  to  lead  other  clubs  and  activities  while  balancing  their  demand-­ ing  academic  schedules  and  making  college  a  fun  and  exciting  experience  for  the  entire  student  body.  They  are   truly  the  unsung  heroes  of  ECC!  Again  kudos  to  the  editors  for  their  excellent  work  over  the  past  few  months.   3HUVRQDOO\,KDYHQHYHUUHDGDQ\QHZVSDSHUIURPVWDUWWRÂżQLVKXQWLO,SLFNHGXSWKHÂżUVWHGLWLRQRI(&&2 last  semester.  Keep  up  the  great  work  ECCO!

The  Student  Voice  of     Essex  County  College  

Essex  County  College 303  University  Ave. Newark,  NJ  07102 Editor-­in-­Chief Christian  Blair

Kindest  regards,

News  Editor Lev  Zilbermintz

Alton  Drummond ECC  Student  Government  President

Features  Editors Elaina  Garrett Tsahai  General Staff  Writers Stacey  Almonte Michael  Araujo Salomao  Becker Robert  Colon Collis  Marrow Ben  Potesky Wintella  Powell Leonita  Rexha Juniel  Spruiel Patrice  Wright Advertising  Representative Chelsea  Wegman Layout  Design  Editor Christian  Blair Humanities  Faculty Co-­Advisors Eileen  DeFreece Jennifer  Wager

By  Christian  Blair Editor-­in-­Chief

  The  Pulse  hopes  to  be  a  column  that   reports  the  results  of  anonymous  surveys  of   RXUUHDGHUV2XU¿UVWSROO(&&9RWLQJ+DE-­ LWV  ,I\RX GOLNHWRWDNHSDUW¿OOLWRXWFXW it  out,  and  place  it  in  the  Pulse  envelope  on   the  ECCO  newsroom  door  located  downstairs   in  the  Clara  Dasher  Center  -­-­  Room  G3.   Thank  you  for  your  participation!

ECC Voting Survey 1- Major: ___________________ 2- GPA: ____________________ 3- Sex: Â&#x2020;Male


4- Did you vote in the last presidential election? Â&#x2020;Yes Â&#x2020;No 5- Did you vote in the last midterm election? Â&#x2020;Yes Â&#x2020;No 6- Do you plan to vote in the next presidential election? Â&#x2020;Yes Â&#x2020;No 7- Do you plan to vote in the next midterm election? Â&#x2020;Yes Â&#x2020;No â&#x20AC;&#x153;The  Pulseâ&#x20AC;?  logo  design  credit:  Juniel  Spruiel

Silent  Imprisonment By  Elaina  Garrett )HDWXUHV(GLWRU

  )RU VRPH RI XV KHUH ÂżQDOV DUH RYHU IRU RWKHUV the  semester  is  just  beginning.  The  stress  of  term  papers,   GPAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s,   work,   bills   and   social   life   can   take   a   toll   on   our   mental  state.  We  are  constantly  bombarded  with  the  pres-­ sures  that  come  along  with  transitioning  into  adulthood.   These  pressures,  depending  on  the  resiliency  and  coping   skills  of  the  individual  can  either  make  or  break  you.  De-­ pression  among  college  students  is  on  the  rise.  According   to   a   study   published   in   the  American   Journal   of   Ortho-­ psychiatry,   of   the   individuals   that   visited   an   on-­campus   medical  center,  25  percent  were  diagnosed  as  depressed.   With  numbers  for  depression  being  this  high,  suicide  is  a   reality  to  some.                Recently  an  ECC  student  attempted  suicide  in  a  class-­ room   on   the   Newark   campus   of   Rutgers   University.   By   grace,  a  Rutgers  student  entered  the  classroom,  stopping   this   tragedy.   Since   then,   the   universities   have   been   en-­ couraging  counseling  and  other  services  for  students  who   may  be  at  risk  for  this  severe  depressive  state.  Students   are  encouraged  to  take  advantage  of  these  services,  even   if  non-­suicidal,  and  to  also  speak  up  if  they  feel  someone   may  be  in  need  of  these  helps.   More   puzzling   than   the   reality   of   a   friend   at-­ tempting  to  take  his  or  her  own  life  is  not  being  able  to   detect  it  before  the  inevitable  occurs.  How  do  you  know  if   one  of  your  peers  are  depressed  or  suicidal?  What  do  you   say  to  him  or  her  that  will  impact  a  change?  How  do  I  pre-­ vent  sabotaging  a  rescue  mission?  These  are  all  important   questions  that  we  as  young  adults  should  be  knowledge-­ able  of,  especially  with  the  strains  that  school,  work  and   social  life  put  on  us.  As  an  individual  who  attempted  sui-­ cide,  I  see  the  importance  of  this  enlightenment  for  young   adults.     A   depressed   person   will   not   always   admit   that   they  are  in  fact  depressed,  although  some  do.  A  few  signs   or  symptoms  in  young  adults  are:


1.  Sadness  or  hopelessness 2.  Irritability,  anger,  or  hostility 3.  Frequent  crying 4.  Withdrawal  from  friends/  family 5.  Lack  of  enthusiasm  and  motivation 6.  Thoughts  of  suicide

  Just   because   a   friend   displays   one   or   more   of   these  symptoms,  does  not  make  him  or  her  depressed  or   even  suicidal.  Please  do  not  attack  the  individual  with  ac-­ cusations  of  depression  or  suicide.  Be  sure  to  offer  your   sincerest  compassion;Íž  you  never  know  the  state  of  the  in-­ dividual.   Depression  is  a  state  that  may  lead  to  an  attempted   RUVXFFHVVIXOVXLFLGH$VXLFLGDOSHUVRQPD\EHGLIÂżFXOWWR decipher,   but   most   of   the   time  they   are   confessing   their   plans  to  us  but  we  do  not  notice.  Our  peers  have  the  great-­ est  impact  on  us,  thus  it  is  important  for  us  to  know  the   signs  so  that  we  will  be  able  to  help  our  friends.  Did  you   know  that  70    percent  of  people  who  are  going  to  or  have   committed  suicide  have  shared  their  plans  with  a  friend  or   family  member?  They  may  have  said  things  like,  â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m  bet-­ ter  off  deadâ&#x20AC;?,  â&#x20AC;&#x153;I  wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  be  your  problem  when  Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m  goneâ&#x20AC;?,   or  â&#x20AC;&#x153;Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll  be  sorry  when  Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m  gone.â&#x20AC;?  Although  these  are   not  outright  confessions,  they  are  indirect  implications.     Other  changes  in  behavior  include  making  arrangements   to  eliminate  debt,  a  sudden  need  for  reconciliation,  or  giv-­ ing  away  valuables  or  prized  possessions.  In  the  mind  of   the  depressed  person,  these  actions  are  attempts  to  allevi-­ ate  the  burden  on  their  loved  ones  once  they  are  gone.    7KH PRVW LPSRUWDQW DQG PRVW GLIÂżFXOW SURFHVV of  being  a  help  to  someone  who  is  severely  depressed  to   the  point  of  suicide,  is  intervening  once  you  are  sure  that   ESSEX  COUNTY  COLLEGE  OBSERVER

they   are   in   fact   suicidal.   Getting   them   help   is   vital,   be  that  medical  attention  or  counseling  services.  Of-­ fering  genuine  care  in  concern  is  a  long  way.  Saving   someone  does  not  always  have  to  be  a  super  heroic  act   like  convincing  someone  not  to  jump  out  a  window.   Simple  kind  words  can  have  a  huge  impact  on  the  suf-­ ferer.  You   can   be   a   hero   by   telling   your   peer   things   like,   â&#x20AC;&#x153;I   understand   that   you   are   hurting   more   than   you  can  explain  to  meâ&#x20AC;?,  â&#x20AC;&#x153;I  love  you.  I  know  you  can   overcome  thisâ&#x20AC;?,  â&#x20AC;&#x153;I  believe  in  your  painâ&#x20AC;?,  or  â&#x20AC;&#x153;Would   \RXSOHDVHJLYHPHDFKDQFHWRKHOS\RXÂżUVW´<RX can  also  make  a  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;life  pactâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;  that  says  â&#x20AC;&#x153;Promise  me  you   wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  hurt  yourself  before  we  at  least  try  some  treat-­ mentsâ&#x20AC;?   or   leave   loving   reminders   that   encourages   them   to   want   to   see   their   future.   Personally,   music   and  my  younger  brother  saved  me  from  my  overdose   attempt.  Find  things  that  they  like  or  that  bring  joy  to   them  during  this  dark  time.  Above  all,  try  to  get  them   help  sooner  rather  than  later.     Suicide   and   depression   are   as   serious   as   a   heart  attack  and  they  should  be  treated  as  such.  Never   ever  assume  that  someone  will  not  take  his  or  her  own   life,  or  assume  that  what  they  are  going  through  is  a   phase  and  that  they  will  â&#x20AC;&#x153;get  over  it.â&#x20AC;?   ,WLVYHU\GLIÂżFXOWWRXQGHUVWDQGWKHPLQGRIDVXLFLGDO person.  Being  in  such  a  state  as  this  is  entrapment,  it   is  a  silent  imprisonment.  I  felt  as  if  the  end  was  the   most  logical  solution.  The  problems  that  existed  did   not  make  sense  to  me  and  I  was  done  with  trying  to   Âż[WKHP$Q\Âż[WRWKHSUREOHPVZHUHWHPSRUDU\DQG would  only  result  in  my  own  unhappiness.  The  need   for  relief  that  I  longed  for  only  existed  in  death.  With   counseling  and  a  great  deal  of  strength  and  support,   I   overcame.   It   is   imperative   that   if   you   or   someone   you  know  is  suicidal,  seek  help.  My  favorite  tool  that   was  taught  to  me  by  a  counselor  was  to  reach  out  to  a   trusted  individual  (maybe  a  friend  or  loved  one)  if  you   ever  felt  unsure  about  harming  yourself.   In  an  emergency,  contact  the  National  Suicide   Prevention  Lifeline  1-­800-­273-­TALK.  Our  peers  are   RIWHQRXUÂżUVWOLQHRIGHIHQVH:LWKWKHVHWRROV\RX can  protect  yourself  and  others.

Academic   Counseling   Services If  you  need  counseling or  know  of  someone  who   does,  please  visit: services/counseling/ The  department  is  staffed  by   an  outstanding  group  of   dedicated  and  deeply   caring  professionals.  If  you  are  aware  of  a  crisis   during  a  time  the  counseling   department  is  not  open,  there  are   resources  in  the  community  that  can   help,  such  as  the  suicide  help  line   that  can  be  reached  by  calling  




OPINION Big  Bad  Deal  

Excessive  ATM  Surcharges  at  ECC  ATMs By  Christian  Blair Editor-­in-­Chief

  :HOOV)DUJRFDPHXQGHUDORWRIÂżUHODVW\HDU for  considering  charging  their  customers  $3  per  month   to  use  their  debit  cards.  Thankfully,  those  plans  were   quashed   by   overwhelming   customer   outrage.   But   some  Essex  County  College  (ECC)  students  are  feel-­ ing  a  Wells  Fargo  squeeze  of  a  different  kind  -­-­by  way   of   prohibitive  ATM   surcharges   with   every   card   dip.   The  Newark  campus  cafeteria  does  not  take  plastic  so   when  you  are  strapped  for  cash  and  rushing  between   classes,   your   only   recourse   is   one   of   the   two   nearby   ATMs.  That  is,  if  you  can  afford  it.     ECC   students   without   a   Wells   Fargo   debit   card   are   charged  a  whopping  $3  surcharge  for  every   transaction.  Add  that  to  the  fee  their  own  bank  charges   for  using  another  bankâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  ATM  and  the  withdrawal  be-­ comes  very  expensive.     â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s   ridiculous,â&#x20AC;?   says   Social   Services   major   Latonya  Graham,  â&#x20AC;&#x153;  I  just  paid  $5  for  taking  out  twenty   bucks!  You  want  to  get  lunch,  but  you  have  to  pay  this   ridiculous  fee.â&#x20AC;?   The  only  other  option  is  the  Bank  of  America   %R$ $70 DOVR ORFDWHG RQ WKH VHFRQG Ă&#x20AC;RRU RI WKH main  building  in  the  Newark  campus.  It  comes  with  a   $2  surcharge,  which  seems  like  a  great  deal  by  direct   comparison   only.   Jessica   Corado,   a   Psychology   ma-­ jor,  says  sheâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll  accept  the  fee  her  own  bank  tacks  on   but  the  ATM  surcharges  go  too  far.  Corado  said,  â&#x20AC;&#x153;Not   everybody  has  a  Bank  of  America  or  Wells  Fargo  ac-­ count.â&#x20AC;?   Other  students  have  learned  to  bring  the  cash   they   need,   or   they   travel   off-­campus   and   avoid   the   ECC   ATMs   completely.   Pilal   Abdul-­Qawi,   a   Social   Sciences   major,   walks   four   blocks   away   to   his   own   bank  just  to  save  himself  the  surcharge.  â&#x20AC;&#x153;I  donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  want   to  pay  those  fees,â&#x20AC;?  he  says.     Social   Sciences   major   Vanessa   Munoz   says   sheâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll  often  walk  out  to  the  Rite-­Aid  to  buy  something   with   a   fee-­less   â&#x20AC;&#x153;cash   backâ&#x20AC;?   option   or,   â&#x20AC;&#x153;I   wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t   buy   anything  and  just  starve  till  I  get  home.â&#x20AC;?   These   students   might   be   interested   to   know   that   only   two   blocks   away,   inside   the   Paul   Robeson   building  of  Rutgers  University,  the  ATMs  have  no  sur-­ charges.  As   you   open   the   door   to   Robeson,   you   are   SUHVHQWHG ZLWK DQ $IÂżQLW\ &UHGLW 8QLRQ NLRVN WKDW boasts  â&#x20AC;&#x153;65,000  Surcharge  Free  ATMs.â&#x20AC;?  As  advertised,   a  $20  withdrawal  (even  with  a  PNC  bankcard)  deducts   precisely  $20  and  nothing  more.  Imagine  that.   Okay,   so   weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re   comparing   apples   and   or-­ DQJHVULJKW"$Q$IÂżQLW\&UHGLW8QLRQ$70ZLWKRXW a  surcharge  is  a  completely  different  animal.  The  real   head  scratcher  comes  right  around  the  corner,  where   \RXÂżQGWKHRWKHU$70LQ5REHVRQD:HOOV)DUJR kiosk  that  doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  charge  students  a  dime.

Illustration  credit:  Leonita  Rexha

 6HHWKLVZLWK\RXURZQH\HV7KH¿UVWLP-­ age   (Figure   1.)   is   a   $20   withdrawal   at   the   ECC   Wells   Fargo   ATM   on   10/18/2011   and   the   second   image  (Figure  2.)  is  the  same  amount  taken  out  at   the  Rutgers  Wells  Fargo  ATM  on  11/2/2011.

Fig.  1

Fig.  2


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  Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll   note   these   two   students   are   being   hit   by  their  own  bank  (PNC)  to  the  tune  of  $2.50  at  both   ATMs.  You  canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  do  anything  about  that.  Well,  you  can,   but  youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll  have  to  vote  for  stronger  representatives  in   Congress.  Good  luck  on  that.     While  researching  this  story,  some  questioned   whether  ATM   surcharges   were   legal   on   college   cam-­ SXVHVLQWKHÂżUVWSODFH7KH\DUH2QHVWURQJDGYRFDWH for  consumer  protection  is  United  States  Senator  Robert   Menendez.  He  explains,  â&#x20AC;&#x153;These  fees  are  legal,  even  on   student  campuses.â&#x20AC;?  All  thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  required  is  that  the  ATM   discloses   the   fee   before   the   transaction   is   completed,   â&#x20AC;&#x153;often  done  via  a  sticker  on  the  front  of  the  ATM  or  a   prompt  on  the  screen.â&#x20AC;?     The  crucial  difference,  and  the  point  of  this  ar-­ ticle,  is  that  while  the  Rutgers  student  suffers  no  ATM   surcharge,  the  ECC  student  is  jacked  twice  -­-­  once  by   their  own  bank,  and  once  more  for  an  extra  $3  by  Wells   Fargo.  It  might  be  tempting  for  the  reader  to  conclude   that  Wells  Fargo  is  pulling  a  fast  one  on  ECC,  but  itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s   not  that  simple.   Dr.   Joyce   Wilson   Harley   is   the   new   Execu-­ tive   Director   of  Administrative   Services   at   ECC.   She   believes  the  likely  scenario  is  that  Rutgers  has  negoti-­ ated  a  â&#x20AC;&#x153;considerationâ&#x20AC;?  with  their  vendors  that  keep  the   ATMs   in   Robeson   Hall   free   of   charge.   This   is   some-­ thing   ECC   can   pursue   as   well.   â&#x20AC;&#x153;If   the   contract   is   up   soon,  we  put  the  RFP  (Request  For  Proposal)  out.  That   gives  [the  banks]  notice  that  we  are  looking  at  others   and   that   brings   them   to   the   table.â&#x20AC;?   However,   â&#x20AC;&#x153;If   [the   contracts]   have   longer   legs   then   we   call   them   in   and   have  a  conversation,â&#x20AC;?  said  Harley. Greg  White,  the  Wells  Fargo  Community  Bank  Presi-­ dent   for   the   Metro   New   Jersey  Area   was   on   vacation   when  contacted  for  comment  and  Wells  Fargoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  North-­ ern   New   Jersey   Regional   President,   Lucia   Gibbons   hasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  yet  returned  phone-­calls.  However,  Fran  Durst,   a   spokeswoman   for  Wells   Fargoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s   Northeast   division,   KDVFRQÂżUPHGWKDWVXUFKDUJHVDUHDQLWHPKDVKHGRXWDW contract  time. As  it  turns  out,  the  reason  why  the  cafeteria  does  not   offer  debit  or  credit  card  purchases  is  another  unfortu-­ nate  contract.  The  vendor,  Metropolitan  Food  Services,   is   not   currently   contractually   obligated   to   provide   a   debit/credit  payment  option.  When  we  spoke  this  past   November,  Dr.  Harley  mentioned  that  the  Metropolitan   Food   Services   contract   is   up   at   the   end   of   the   school   year.   Whether   talking   about   the   contracts   with   the   banks  or  food  services,  she  says  she  is  interested  in  â&#x20AC;&#x153;ne-­ gotiating  differently  with  any  vendor,â&#x20AC;?  on  the  next  go   continued  on  page  six




arts Dr.  Martin  Luther  King,  Jr. In  His  Own  Words   The  following  is  an  exerpt  from  Dr.  Kingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  â&#x20AC;&#x153;Letter  From  Birmingham   Jailâ&#x20AC;?.  It  was  published  in  May,  1963  along  with  this  introduction  by  Colin  W.   Bell,  Executive  Secretary  of  the  American  Friends  Service  Committee. â&#x20AC;&#x153;From  Birmingham  jail,  where  he  was  imprisoned  as  a  participant  in  nonvio-­ lent   demonstrations   against   segregation,   Martin   Luther   King,   Jr.has   written   the  letter  which  follows.  It  was  a  response  to  a  public  statement  of  concern  and   caution  issued  by  eight  white  religious  leaders.  The  letter  speaks  powerfully   of  one  of  the  great  freedoms  -­-­freedom  from  racial  discrimination  -­-­  which  is   rooted  in  our  religious  faith  and  which  our  nation  has  stood  for  in  principle   but  has  not  yet  established  in  practice.  It  is  an  eloquent  expression  of  the  non   violent  approach  to  the  restructuring  of  our  social  order.â&#x20AC;?-­  Colin  W.  Bell The  Public  Domain  Original  First  Version  of  

Martin  Luther  Kingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  Letter  From  The  Birmingham  City  Jail â&#x20AC;&#x153;...I  guess  it  is  easy  for  those  who  have  never  felt  the  stinging  darts  of  segregation  to  say  wait.  But  when  you  have  seen  vicious  mobs  lynch  your  mothers   DQGIDWKHUVDWZLOODQGGURZQ\RXUVLVWHUVDQGEURWKHUVDWZKLPZKHQ\RXKDYHVHHQKDWHÂżOOHGSROLFHPHQFXUVHNLFNEUXWDOL]HDQGHYHQNLOO\RXUEODFN brothers  and  sisters  with  impunity;Íž  when  you  see  the  vast  majority  of  your  twenty  million  Negro  brothers  smothering  in  an  air-­tight  cage  of  poverty  in  the   PLGVWRIDQDIĂ&#x20AC;XHQWVRFLHW\ZKHQ\RXVXGGHQO\ÂżQG\RXUWRQJXHWZLVWHGDQG\RXUVSHHFKVWDPPHULQJDV\RXVHHNWRH[SODLQWR\RXUVL[\HDUROGGDXJKWHU why  she  canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  go  to  the  public  amusement  park  that  has  just  been  advertised  on  television,  and  see  tears  welling  up  in  her  little  eyes  when  she  is  told  that   Funtown  is  closed  to  colored  children,  and  see  the  depressing  clouds  of  inferiority  begin  to  form  in  her  little  mental  sky,  and  see  her  begin  to  distort  her   OLWWOHSHUVRQDOLW\E\XQFRQVFLRXVO\GHYHORSLQJDELWWHUQHVVWRZDUGZKLWHSHRSOHZKHQ\RXKDYHWRFRQFRFWDQDQVZHUIRUDÂżYH\HDUROGVRQDVNLQJLQ DJRQL]LQJSDWKRVÂł'DGG\ZK\GRZKLWHSHRSOHWUHDWFRORUHGSHRSOHVRPHDQ"´ZKHQ\RXWDNHDFURVVFRXQWU\GULYHDQGÂżQGLWQHFHVVDU\WRVOHHSQLJKW after  night  in  the  uncomfortable  corners  of  your  automobile  because  no  motel  will  accept  you;Íž  when  you  are  humiliated  day  in  and  day  out  by  nagging   VLJQVUHDGLQJÂłZKLWH´PHQDQGÂłFRORUHG´ZKHQ\RXUÂżUVWQDPHEHFRPHVÂłQLJJHU´DQG\RXUPLGGOHQDPHEHFRPHVÂłER\´ KRZHYHUROG\RXDUH DQG your  last  name  becomes  â&#x20AC;&#x153;John,â&#x20AC;?  and  when  your  wife  and  mother  are  never  given  the  respected  title  â&#x20AC;&#x153;Mrs.â&#x20AC;?;Íž  when  you  are  harried  by  day  and  haunted  by   night  by  the  fact  that  you  are  a  Negro,  living  constantly  at  tip-­toe  stance  never  quite  knowing  what  to  expect  next,  and  plagued  with  inner  fears  and  outer   UHVHQWPHQWVZKHQ\RXDUHIRUHYHUÂżJKWLQJDGHJHQHUDWLQJVHQVHRIÂłQRERGLQHVV´WKHQ\RXZLOOXQGHUVWDQGZK\ZHÂżQGLWGLIÂżFXOWWRZDLW7KHUHFRPHV a  time  when  the  cup  of  endurance  runs  over,  and  men  are  no  longer  willing  to  be  plunged  into  an  abyss  of  injustice  where  they  experience  the  bleakness   of  corroding  despair.  I  hope,  sirs,  you  can  understand  our  legitimate  and  unavoidable  impatience.â&#x20AC;?  -­  Dr.  Martin  Luther  King  Jr.   Read  the  entire  letter  as  well  as  other  letters  and  speeches  by  Dr.  Martin  Luther  King  Jr.: Martin  Luther  King  Online The  Dr.  Martin  Luther  King  Jr.  Public  Domain  Resource  Site

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DURXQGZKHQVSHDNLQJVSHFLÂżFDOO\DERXWIRRG services,  acceptance  of  credit  and  debit  cards   is,  â&#x20AC;&#x153;one  of  the  criteria  upon  which  respondents   will  be  evaluated,â&#x20AC;?  said  Harley.   As  the  Student  Government  Associa-­ tion  held  its  Advocacy  Movement  panel  in  the   cafeteria  pit  on  November  30th,  2011,  a  table   was  being  set  up  beside  the  Wells  Fargo  ATM.   Representatives  of  the  bank  were  giving  away   Wells  Fargo  water  bottles  and  other  incentives   to  any  student  who  signed  up  for  an  account.   I  spoke  with  Frank,  one  of  the  representatives   at   the   table,   who   declined   to   offer   his   last   name.  When  asked  if  he  thought  it  was  fair  of   Wells  Fargo  to  charge  Essex  County  College   students  who  werenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  Wells  Fargo  customers   three   dollars   per   transaction,   Frank   offered,   â&#x20AC;&#x153;this  is  standardâ&#x20AC;?.  When  I  informed  him  that   Rutgers   students,   with   or   without   a   Wells   Fargo  account,  paid  no  surcharge,  he  declined   further  comment.  When  I  attempted  to  take  a   photograph  of  their  table,  they  yelled  for  me   to   stop   and   covered   their   faces.   I   respected   their  wishes,  returned  my  camera  to  its  case,   and  went  on  my  way  to  the  Advocacy  Move-­ ment   where   students   and   community   leaders   were  decrying,  among  other  things,  the  role  of   GHUHJXODWHGDQGDEXVLYHÂżQDQFLDOLQVWLWXWLRQV in  our  economic  free  fall.     Granted,  the  ATMs  provide  a  conve-­ nience   but   they   are   also   massive   advertise-­ ments   for   the   banks.   The   school   offers   the   banks   access   to   thousands   of   potential   cus-­ tomers  every  day.  But  this  is  hardly  a  choice   you  make  on  the  merit  of  the  bank  itself.  When   your  only  alternative  to  signing  up  for  an  ac-­

count  are  the  excessive  surcharges,  free  brand-­ ed  water  bottle  aside,  Wells  Fargo  is  basically   VKRRWLQJÂżVKLQDEDUUHO2QHZRQGHUVLIWKHVH exorbitant   surcharges   on   ECC   students   may   be  detrimental  to  their  marketing  plan.  Gaug-­ ing   student   reaction   to   the   surcharges,   the   banks  may  be  teaching  the  unintended  lesson   that  neither  Wells  Fargo  or  Bank  of  America   deserve  your  business  in  the  future  when  they   clearly  do  not  have  your  back  today,  when  you   need  it  most.     Dr.   Harley   says   the   six-­foot-­high   ATMs  in  the  main  building  should  not  be  con-­ strued  as  an  endorsement  of  those  services  by   the  college.  Just  as  a  shopping  mall  may  have   one   or   more   ATMs   for   the   convenience   of   their  customers,  the  ATMs  that  are  on  campus   are  merely  vendors  providing  a  service  under   contract.  However,  one  would  assume  an  edu-­ cational  institution  to  have  a  greater  obligation   to  negotiate  contracts  in  the  better  interests  of   its  clientele  than  that  of  a  mall  to  its  transient   customers.  Rutgers  has  managed  to  work  out   agreements   that   provide   ATM   service   with-­ out   surcharges   but   ECC   is   burdened   by   the   perfect   storm   of   two   poorly   negotiated   con-­ tracts:  a  food  vendor  that  doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  take  plastic,   and  banks  that  levy  sky-­high  surcharges.  The   result   of   this   leaves   ECC   students   as   a   mere   afterthought,   outweighing   any   intended   con-­ venience.   What   do   you   think?   Are   these   sur-­ charges   acceptable   for   the   convenience?     Should  the  food  services  offer  card  swipe  pay-­ ment?  Do  colleges  have  a  higher  obligation  to   students  than  that  of  convenience  store  to  its   customers?     Voice  your  opinion  in  the  next  issue  of   the  ECC  Observer  by  sending  a  Letter  to  the   Editor.  Email





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  We  ran  a  piece  in  the  Decem-­ ber  2011  issue  titled,  â&#x20AC;&#x153;ECC  World  AIDS   Weekâ&#x20AC;?.   Shawna  Barr,  a  panelist  at  the  event,  called   to  our  attention  certain  factual  inaccuracies   and  misquotations.     The  ECCO  faculty  advisors  and   the  entire  editorial  staff  apologizes  for   causing  any  distress  to  Ms.  Barr  and  her   family.



arts ³,1&$5&(521´%\&DWKHULQH)LVKHU $%RRN5HYLHZ%\0LFKDHO$UDXMR Staff  Writer

  It  will  always  watch  you  with  its  red   beaded  eye.  Hear  every  word  you  speak  and   whisper,  feel  every  move  you  make.  It  knows   every  single  thought  you  think  inside  your   very  own  head.  There  is  no  sanctuary  from   WKLVYLOHEHDVW1RZKHUHWRKLGHRUWR¿QG comfort.  Not  even  in  your  own  body.  There  

is  no  way  to  escape  from  the  clutches  of  this   monster.  Incarceron  controls  you.  You  are   Incarceron.   Imagine  a  prison,  like  many  states   put  together  controlled  by  itself.  Imagine  be-­ ing  trapped  inside  the  prison  for  your  whole   life  and  wanting  to  see  what  is  out  there.   If  there  is  an  outside.  You  are  now  Finn,  a   young  boy  who  wants  all  of  this.  He  has   heard  stories  of  one  man,  Sapphique,  leaving   the  prison,  but  he  does  not  know  if  they  are   true.  He  would  do  anything  to  leave  and  heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s   ÂżQDOO\JRWWHQKLVFKDQFH   Incarceron  by  Catherine  Fisher  is  a   captivating  tale  about  escaping  something   WKDWLVSDUWRI\RX:KHQ)LQQÂżQGVDNH\ that  allows  him  to  communicate  with  the   outside  world,  he  starts  to  learn  the  truth  that   he  was  never  told.  With  the  help  of  Keiro;Íž  his   oath  brother,  Attia;Íž  a  slave  girl,  and  Claudia;Íž  

the  mysterious  girl  from  outside,  theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll  dis-­ cover  secrets  that  were  better  left  uncovered.   To  say  that  Incarceron  was  beau-­ tifully  written  will  not  cover  it  all.  Even   though  the  story  was  wonderfully  writ-­ ten  out,  the  way  the  words  formed  did  not   H[DFWO\Ă&#x20AC;RZZHOOWRJHWKHU7KHUHZHUHSDUWV where  I  had  to  go  back  and  re-­read  it,  just  to   understand  what  I  had  read.  Now  this  may   be  because  I  was  tired  when  I  read  it,  but   either  way  I  still  had  to  go  back  every  few   pages.  But  when  I  say  the  story  was  beauti-­ fully  written,  I  mean  the  general  idea.  A   prison  that  controls  you  and  gives  you  life  is   something  that  we  can  all  learn  to  fear.  But   without  spoiling,  there  were  certain  parts   that  made  me  hesitate  to  liking  it  even  more.   For  some  very  odd  reason  I  really   hated  the  fact  that  they  saw  little  animals.   Now  for  everyone  who  has  read  this,  you   will  understand  what  I  mean.  I  am  talking   about  Claudia  and  Jared,  when  they  see  the   OLWWOHDQLPDOVLQWKHÂżHOG)RUWKRVHRI\RX who  have  no  idea  what  I  am  talking  about,   go  read  the  book.  But  that  part  really  bugged   PHEHFDXVHIRUVRPHUHDVRQLWGLGQRWÂżW with  the  story.  I  mean  if  you  were  able  to  see   the  animals,  should  you  not  be  able  to  see   the  others?   The  characters  are  well  written  out,   full  of  life  and  emotions  that  make  you  want   to  get  to  know  them  more.  Catherine  Fisher   plays  with  your  own  emotions,  making  you   feel  pity  for  certain  characters  and  then   despise  them  a  second  later.  Every  character   you  meet  has  a  pivotal  role  to  setting  the   story  forward,  so  it  was  impressive  that  they   were  all  third  dimensional.     The  novel  is  action-­packed  and  full   of  thought  provoking  incidents  that  make   you  wonder  if  everything  is  happening  by   accident,  or  if  it  was  all  planned  out.  Both   the  world  outside  and  the  world  inside  the   SULVRQPHVKZHOOWRJHWKHUDVWKH\ERWKÂżJKW to  see  what  is  real  and  what  is  an  illusion.   $QGLWDOOOHDGVXSWRWKHÂżQDOPRPHQW where  everything  they  learned  is  thrown   away  and  one  question  pops  up.  Will  they   ever  be  able  to  escape  Incarceron?

Choosing  Identities:   Acceptance  in  Charles  Chestnuttâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s   â&#x20AC;&#x153;The  Wife  of  His  Youthâ&#x20AC;?

Break out your sketchbook Its time to get your work published


CAMPUS COMIC ILLUSTRATORS WANTED Submit your artwork to the ECCO newsroom located in the Newark Campus Clara Dasher Student Center - Room G03 Illustrator credit: ECC Alumni, Leonita Rexha

Answers  to  December  Crosswords

By  Jonathan  Williamson Contributing  Writer

  In  African  American  author  Charles   Chesnuttâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  1899  short  story  â&#x20AC;&#x153;The  Wife  of   +LV<RXWK´DTXHVWLRQWKDWGHÂżQHVWKHPDMRU PRUDOFRQĂ&#x20AC;LFWRIWKHSLHFHHPHUJHVDWWKH end:  â&#x20AC;&#x153;Shall  you  acknowledge  her?â&#x20AC;?  Should   the  light-­skinned,  educated,  and  formerly   enslaved  Mr.  Ryder  acknowledge  the  aged,   dark-­skinned,  and  illiterate  Liza  Jane,  whoâ&#x20AC;&#x201C; though  part  and  parcel  of  the  life  he  has  left   behindâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;has  been  searching  for  him  loyally   IRUWZHQW\ÂżYH\HDUV"2UVKRXOGKHGHQ\ her  and  move  on  with  his  new  existence,  his   light-­skinned  beau,  and  reinvented  racial   identity?  The  answer,  from  the  text,  would   seem  clear.  â&#x20AC;&#x153;He  should  have  acknowledged   her,â&#x20AC;?  echoes  the  light-­skinned  Mrs.  Dixon,   along  with  the  other  guests  at  Mr.  Ryderâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s   Blue  Vein  Society.   For  those  that  do  not  know,  â&#x20AC;&#x153;Blue   Veinâ&#x20AC;?  societies  were  organizations  formed   after  the  Civil  War  era.  They  were  made  up   of  (usually)  free-­born,  upper  class  mixed-­ race  blacks  whose  skin  had  to  be  light   enough  for  their  blue  veins  to  show  through.    Ryderâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  stated  expectation  of  this   very  answer  reveals  the  heart  of  the  story:  to   deny  her  is  to  deny  not  just  his  past,  but  the   collective  one  of  formerly  enslaved  African   Americans  at  the  end  of  the  19th  century.   Having  come  to  this  conclusion,  it  is  likely   he  would  have  presented  the  wife  of  his   youth  to  them  no  matter  what  the  response.  

Instant  Valentineâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  Day  Card

catch me if you can  7KHPRUDOFRQĂ&#x20AC;LFWVEHWZHHQOLJKW skinned  blacks  engaged  in  â&#x20AC;&#x153;the  upward  pro-­ cess  of  absorptionâ&#x20AC;?  into  white  â&#x20AC;&#x153;highâ&#x20AC;?  society   and  dark-­skinned  blacks  of  â&#x20AC;&#x153;servile  origins   [with]  grosser  aspectsâ&#x20AC;?  in  the  post-­slavery   era  in  the  United  States  are  established   early  on  in  the  short  story.  Ryder  himself   expresses  a  denial  of  the  latter.  He  does  this   having  to  meet  with  persons  â&#x20AC;&#x153;whose  com-­ plexions  and  callings  in  lifeâ&#x20AC;?  were  beneath   the  standards  of  the  Blue  Vein  Societyâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;he   even  argues  for  more  social  rigidity.  â&#x20AC;&#x153;[The   dark-­skinned  blacks]  would  welcome  us,   continued  on  page  two


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