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2012 Annual Donor Report

Photo: NASA Goddard Institute

The many challenges facing the planet—from poverty to natural disasters to water issues—are intensely linked, as are their solutions. The Earth Institute’s interdisciplinary approach to sustainable development and its extraordinary contributions in research, education and the creation of real-world solutions are helping pave the way toward a better future.

Photo: Jennifer Gross

Photo: Seiko Sekiguchi Photo: Rob Stephenson

Table of



Letter From the President of Columbia University


Letter From the Director of the Earth Institute


Why Climate Variability Matters


Model Health


Self-Sustaining Futures


Setting the Stage for Urban Greening


Our Donors


Eileen Barroso

Solomon to lead the charge as director of the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, the Earth Institute’s largest research unit, and I couldn’t be more thrilled. The combination of Dr. Solomon’s distinguished record with the Observatory’s long history of technical excellence promises an exciting and productive new chapter in scientific discovery at Columbia.

Yet another landmark year in the history of the Earth Institute has passed. Under Jeff Sachs’s leadership this unique and distinctive collaboration continues to strengthen Columbia University’s reputation as a dynamic, forward-thinking academic institution devoted to harnessing the power of its resources and scientific expertise and applying them to the most pressing issues facing society today. This work not only sets Columbia apart, it also provides evidence of the indispensable role that the academic community plays in creating practical solutions to global concerns. Working across schools and disciplines, we are forging a better future for our increasingly interconnected and complex world. With more than 10 years of distinction in science, policy, research, and education, the Earth Institute continues to attract to our University world-class faculty, students and staff who are devoted to our mission and vision. This year we appointed Dr. Sean

We also opened the doors to three new global centers, in Santiago, Chile; Istanbul, Turkey; and Nairobi, Kenya. These new centers, along with those existing, provide the Columbia and Earth Institute communities with unmatched opportunities for pursuing research projects and offering hands-on educational immersions. Columbia’s Global Centers promote and facilitate important international collaborations, investigational endeavors, and academic and study abroad programs that enhance our historic commitment to global scholarship and globally relevant solutions. I am so thankful to the donors who have made all this possible. We could not remain at the forefront of sustainable research nor educate the outstanding young scholars and practitioners who will continue this rich tradition of excellence without your faith and support. Because of you, Columbia University, with the Earth Institute, is positioned to respond to the challenges facing our planet today and our children tomorrow. With gratitude,

Lee C. Bollinger

The Earth Institute, Columbia University


Wade Martzall

But we continue to forge ahead, training future leaders who will address the most pressing issues of our era. As part of that effort more than two dozen universities around the world have joined the Earth Institute and Columbia’s School of International and Public Affairs in introducing a new master’s degree in development practice.

From the ocean floor to the highest reaches of the atmosphere, the Earth Institute is leading cross-disciplinary efforts to bolster food and water security; renewable energy; healthier, more climate-resilient cities and much more. Our outstanding scientists, engineers, legal and policy analysts, and most important, our students, are engaged in initiatives to better understand Earth’s dynamics and to improve our quality of life, keeping the Earth Institute at the forefront of global problem solving for sustainable development. Yet despite significant progress, we remain aware that we still face immense challenges and that there is no time to lose. The Earth has already entered a new geological epoch; the arrival of the Anthropocene, or “human made,” epoch signifies that humanity is now so abundant and the impact from its use of resources so immense as to cause fundamental changes in key Earth processes. As a result, the climate is changing, the oceans are becoming more acidic, and biodiversity is dwindling.


The Earth Institute is also helping to lead many powerful initiatives in support of a global shift to sustainable development. This past year, our Millennium Villages project launched Phase II at the United Nations (UN), setting the stage for a model of integrated rural development in the world’s poorest communities. We also had the privilege to help prepare the High-Level Meeting on Happiness and Well-being hosted by the Government of Bhutan at the UN. As a co-editor of the World Happiness Report commissioned for the meeting I was gratified to see more than 800 participants united in the call for a new economic paradigm that takes human and natural well-being into account. In September we announced that we will host the secretariat of the new Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), a global initiative under the auspices of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon that will mobilize the world’s top scientists and technical experts on sustainable development, formulating long-term development pathways and identifying common solutions and best practices. I am honored to volunteer my efforts as director of the SDSN, with the Earth Institute helping to coordinate the overall initiative.

The Earth Institute is truly a remarkable place with a no less remarkable purpose. It thrives because of the excellence of its scientists and the unstinting and visionary backing of President Bollinger, Provost John Coatsworth and the entire leadership team of Columbia University. Above all, the Earth Institute can do its work only because of you, our generous friends and supporters. Your support of the Earth Institute is indeed support for a sustainable world, that which we seek for all people, for our children and for generations to come. The 2012 Annual Donor Report presents some of our key areas of work in recognition of the many ways in which our centers and programs unite to create solutions to the great challenges facing our planet. As you turn through these pages, I hope you will see the tremendous impact of your contributions and all you have made possible. I am so glad to be able to share some of our efforts with you and to express our gratitude for your contributions and your ongoing support and partnership. With best wishes,

Jeffrey D. Sachs


The Earth Institute, Columbia University



Climate Variability Matters To better understand the impacts of climate change at seasonal levels, scientists are studying phenomena like the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO), a periodic warming (El Niño phase) and cooling (La Niña phase) of the tropical Pacific Ocean that affects global weather patterns. “It’s the largest source of interannual climate variability in the world,” says Pratigya Polissar of the LamontDoherty Earth Observatory, and research suggests it has the power to drive everything from droughts to floods to human conflict. This spring, with funding from the National Science Foundation, Polissar co-led a voyage of the research vessel (R/V) Marcus G. Langseth, on which students and researchers sampled sedimentary cores from the seabed around the Line Islands, south of Hawaii. The tiny shells of a short-lived plankton found in the sediments provide detailed snapshots of


temperature variations and extremes over hundreds of thousands of years. “We don’t tend to think about climate variability as much as we think about large-scale climate change,” Polissar says, “but it’s equally important. Variability gives you floods, droughts and big societal events—like the Dust Bowl in the 1930s—that don’t stand out on the larger climate record, but can have severe impacts on humans.” How will ENSO patterns react as man-made climate change proceeds? Polissar hopes mapping ENSO’s past will help climate modelers at Lamont-Doherty and elsewhere refine their predictions for what lies ahead. As the world’s climate changes, we will experience more extremes in weather. These conditions will exacerbate living conditions in poor countries and could lead to increased conflict in areas where resources are already

In vulnerable areas like East Africa, which suffered extremely dry weather in the summer of 2011, droughts can lead to famine, resulting in high rates of malnutrition and mortality and negative health effects that can be passed on to subsequent generations, says Madeleine Thomson of the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI). Severe droughts can also suppress malaria resistance, leading to epidemics when the rains return. To mitigate these impacts in Ethiopia, IRI is working with national partners to disseminate high-quality historical and current information on the existing and future climate to help improve epidemic prediction and disaster preparedness.

Left: A sediment core is secured along the ship’s railing. Far left: A piston corer is readied for lowering to the bottom of the central Pacific Ocean near the Line Islands.

Photo: Pratigya Polissar

Opposite page: Ethiopian farmers learn about drought insurance products created using climate and weather data.

Photo: Pratigya Polissar


very limited. Three Columbia researchers— Solomon M. Hsiang, a recent graduate of the Earth Institute’s Ph.D. program in sustainable development; Kyle Meng, a student in that program; and Mark Cane, G. Unger Vetlesen Professor of Earth and Climate Sciences and director of the M.A. Program in Climate and Society in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, who helped make the first forecasts of El Niño at Lamont-Doherty in the 1980s—found that the hot, dry weather of El Niño years increases the likelihood of civil war in affected nations, including Peru, the Philippines and the Sudan. The results of their interdisciplinary study, the first of its kind, were published in the journal Nature in August 2011.

The Earth Institute, Columbia University

Photo: Brian Kahn

Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project. The project connects climate, crop, and economic models to evaluate how agricultural systems—whether major economic crops or household systems—may be affected by changing climatic conditions. This will help stakeholders around the world adapt agricultural practices sustainably.

FOOD AND WATER SHORTAGES The drought that hit the U.S. this summer was the worst the country has experienced since the 1950s. It affected 80 percent of the country’s agricultural land; corn withered in the fields and global food prices may begin to rise. Aridity like this could become a regular occurrence by the middle of the century, says Richard Seager, a climate modeler at Lamont-Doherty. His research suggests that climate change will cause the southwestern portion of North America and the subtropics to become warmer and drier overall; summer heat will dry soils over most of North America in the coming decades; and these trends may already have started. To substantially improve the characterization of hunger risk and food security due to the impact of climate change on agricultural systems and to enhance adaptation capacity in both developing and developed countries, 10 researchers from the Earth Institute have joined other experts in climate, crop modeling, economics and IT on the Agricultural ANNUAL DONOR REPORT 2012

In sub-Saharan Africa, Earth Institute scientists are working to improve food security through tools such as index insurance, which helps farmers take advantage of good years while avoiding catastrophic financial loss in drought years; soil maps, which give farmers more information about the nutrient levels, water retention and other properties of their soils; and higher-producing seed varieties. With support from donors like DuPont and Monsanto, the Tropical Agriculture and Rural Environment Program is working in Tanzania and Ethiopia to link smartphones and web-based communications to digital soil mapping as well as train agricultural extension workers. Their work will help extend the reach of Africa’s Green Revolution, increasing agricultural production and decreasing hunger. 


Daniel Hillel, an adjunct senior research scientist at Columbia University’s Earth Institute and the Goddard Institute for Space Studies, was awarded the World Food Prize for 2012. Hillel stated that receiving the prize “is overwhelming and humbling. I will continue to work to further the task to which we are all committed,” he continued, “to ensure the future of food production and protection of the precious environment that has been entrusted to us. We must redouble our efforts.” Hillel received the award for his work in microirrigation, water use efficiency and potential climate change impacts. Dr. Pedro Sanchez was also elected to the National Academy of Sciences this year, a prestigious honor recognizing individuals for excellence in science. For several decades, Sanchez has worked on agriculture and hunger issues throughout the developing world. Since 2005 he has helped to establish and direct the Millennium Villages project to promote policies to bring a green revolution to Africa and achieve the Millennium Development Goals. Both scientists were also granted the Presidential Award from the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), one of the foremost organizations supporting research, practice and knowledge around soil in a number of areas including crop production, environmental quality, ecosystem sustainability and land use. The Presidential Award is one of SSSA’s preeminent honors for individuals who have made lasting contributions to the soil science profession.  Left: Hillel. Photo: World Food Prize. Right: Sanchez.


The Earth Institute, Columbia University





Photo: Meg Towle

Despite India’s recent economic success, it ranks 171st out of 175 nations in public health spending, according to the World Health Organization. India has the highest number of maternal deaths in the world; one in 15 children there dies before turning five, and 52 million children are undernourished. In response to the pressing need to improve its healthcare system, India created the National Rural Health Mission in 2005 and then called in experts from the Earth Institute to advise on international best practices to advance the delivery of services. The resulting Model Districts Project, a cooperative effort between the Earth Institute and the Indian government, selected five regions, based on healthcare needs and geographic distribution, in which it will implement and test health system improvements that can be scaled up to a national level.

With funding from the IKEA Foundation, Earth Institute experts are recommending ways to make internationally recognized best practices relevant to rural India; integrate health with other sectors such as nutrition, water and sanitation; and incorporate technological innovations. The Model Districts Project aims to enhance the quality of and access to health services, with emphasis on improving care for mothers and children, since they bear much of the burden of poor health in rural areas. “Our work will address issues such as the need for higher public health spending, establishing effective management and evaluation systems, using real-time data for decision making, and setting up a system of control and oversight that helps reward good performers and penalize nonperformers,” says Nirupam Bajpai, director of the Model Districts Project and

Photo: Kyu-Young Lee

Selfthe Columbia Global Center in Mumbai. Health action plans for all five model districts should be complete by early 2013, and implementation at the first site will soon be under way. Health interventions are also a key part of the Millennium Villages project. The Earth Institute, along with partners, is working to help rural communities in sub-Saharan Africa break free of the poverty trap and achieve the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. Through an integrated approach, which focuses on improving health, education, agriculture infrastructure and business development, the project has seen significant progress, including drops in child mortality and stunting. More needs to be done, however, both on the ground and in the international aid community.

In the Millennium Village of Mwandama, Malawi, a mother receives antimalarial medicine for her child at a local clinic.

Funding from the Glaser Progress Foundation is advancing the Access Project’s efforts in Rwanda to improve public health and transform rural health centers into thriving hubs of excellence. The Access Project facilitates the long-term sustainability of these centers by applying business solutions to health problems. In the past four years, the project has worked closely with the Rwandan Ministry of Health to improve the quality of primary healthcare for 2 million Rwandans. A generous gift from Johnson & Johnson is helping retrain local practitioners in the American Academy of Pediatrics’ “Helping Babies Breathe” protocol in the Millennium City of Mekelle and the Millennium Village of Koraro, both in Ethiopia. 

The Earth Institute, Columbia University


-Sustaining Futures


Photo: Seiko Sekiguchi

The second phase of the Millennium Villages project, launched in October 2011, is focused on helping communities create sustainable livelihoods through business development. Each summer, Columbia University students put their unique backgrounds to work through internships and fellowships with the project. Diana Sierra came to the M.S. in Sustainability Management program as an accomplished industrial designer, with a portfolio of products ranging from a laptop for Panasonic to perfume bottles for Kenneth Cole. Studying at the Earth Institute, in a master’s program designed to give professionals real-world skills in sustainability they can apply to their work after graduation, Sierra realized how design could advance development work. Sierra said she chose to intern with the

Millennium Villages project because, “I really wanted to see how industrial design could be translated into products to empower people through small businesses and enterprise. Design for me has become about improving people’s lives, regardless of their environment or resources.” The daughter of a Colombian coffee farmer, Sierra was well-suited for her first project in Ruhiira, Uganda, where she helped a group of farmers identify and secure a coffee-processing machine that met their specific needs—affordability and low water use—and would help maximize profits. In a second project, Sierra worked with a group of local women to form a cooperative and create a portfolio of marketable bead products that caught the eyes of designers in both Uganda and Japan. Sierra went on to facilitate the

Photo: Guillaume Bonn

generation of wood stools and baskets for Tommy Hilfiger’s Promise Collection with cooperatives in Rwanda and Kenya. The cooperative is an essential tool in the second phase of the Millennium Villages project that helps members improve their bargaining position in the market, achieve economies of scale, and obtain access to supplies and credit. With funding from donors like Bill and Sue Gross, Nancy Kemper Best, and Betsee Parker, the Millennium Villages project is facilitating the formation of cooperatives in sectors ranging from agriculture to handicrafts. These ventures allow villagers to build wealth for themselves and their communities. The contributions of innovative students like Sierra help the Millennium Villages project advance its work to achieve the

Photo: Diana Sierra

Photo: Millennium Promise


Millennium Development Goals and reduce poverty by 2015. Internships and fellowships—funded by donors such as Ceil and Michael Pulitzer, Terri Lecamp, and Steven and Roberta Denning—can also help students advance their careers and inspire them to contribute to development efforts long after they graduate. Now done with her master’s, Sierra is working as a volunteer consultant for the Millennium Villages project, helping the business team identify potential cooperatives and product lines for villagers. She is doing some work for Panasonic as well, but it is designing for the less advantaged that “fills her soul.” 

This year, for the first time ever, 81 new customers switched on nearly 220 lightbulbs in Ruhiira, Uganda, using the innovative SharedSolar system installed by the Millennium Villages project. SharedSolar delivers pay-as-you-go solar electricity to remote areas where grid extension is difficult and expensive. Solar-powered microgrids have been installed in eight different points in Ruhiira, each with the capacity to serve 20 households, allowing consumers to prepay in small installments from vendors equipped with Android devices. Asimwe Enock, a Ruhiira resident and SharedSolar customer, is newly able to power the electric razor in his salon and has even started a side business charging mobile phones. Now able to stay open after dark, Mr. Enock has increased his number of customers and his income. “I used to have 10 customers per day, but now I am getting 17 since I can stay open till 9 p.m.” he says. Four schools have also been connected to the solar scheme; students can now read and study for as long as they need. Asiimwe Nakiet, the head teacher of St. Everis School, says he hopes children’s grades will improve with additional study time. Shared solar is lighting up the lives of villagers by facilitating the social and economic gains needed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. Plans to expand the project are under way. To learn more about SharedSolar, visit 

The Earth Institute, Columbia University


Setting the Stage


Photo: Rob Stephenson

for Urban Greening A monster consumer of energy and a densely built metropolis, New York City is an apt subject for studying the challenges of urbanization. From reducing the city’s carbon footprint to improving the health and living environment of its residents, Earth Institute researchers are developing practical, globally relevant solutions to the problems of urban development in their own backyard. “Cities are really where the action is,” says Cynthia Rosenzweig, who heads the Urban Climate Change Research Network, an international consortium focused on climate change issues from an urban perspective. With insight from research at the Earth Institute, New York City is one of a number of cities around the world working toward a more sustainable future.

Photo: Rob Stephenson


Researchers at the Earth Institute have developed new software that can calculate the carbon footprints of thousands of products simultaneously, a process that until now has been both time-consuming and costly. The software is the result of a collaboration between the Lenfest Center for Sustainable Energy (LCSE) and PepsiCo, Inc., originally aimed at evaluating and standardizing PepsiCo’s calculations of the amount of CO2 emitted when a single product is made, packaged, distributed and disposed of. Started in 2007, the project resulted in the first U.S. carbon footprint label certified by an impartial third party, for Tropicana orange juice. PepsiCo has been pilot-testing the new software-based methodology for use across their entire product portfolio since 2011. By making information more accessible, this groundbreaking tool will help companies and consumers alike take a step in the right direction to reduce their carbon footprints. Al Halvorsen, senior director of sustainability at PepsiCo, says, “the newly developed software promises not only to save time and money for companies like PepsiCo, but also to provide fresh insights into how companies measure, manage and reduce their carbon footprint in the future.” Klaus Lackner, director of the LCSE, said, “Fast carbon footprinting is a great example of how academic methodologies [coupled] with modern data processing and statistical tools can be brought to life and unlock their power in the real world.” Christoph Meinrenken, the study’s lead author and associate research scientist at Columbia Engineering and the Earth Institute, along with his team, is now looking at expanding the methodology from carbon to other arenas, such as water use. 

A new interactive energy map from the Modi Research Group provides block-byblock estimates of energy use for heating, cooling, and base electricity that will help building owners and city planners target areas for energy reduction. The map will help identify sites for alternative technologies like cogeneration, part of PlaNYC’s work to “build a greener, greater New York.” A local energy source, cogeneration reduces fossil fuel consumption by reusing the heat created in electricity production and is well suited for large buildings or clusters of structures with high energy needs.

At the Urban Design Lab (UDL), interests in food systems and green infrastructure converged in an evaluation of the city’s vacant lots and rooftops for agriculture. More than 7,500 acres were identified as having such potential. Urban farming is gaining popularity for its potential to promote sustainability, improve local living conditions and public health, and engage communities. The New York City Council recently mandated that all city properties be assessed for agricultural suitability, and UDL will advise on the conversion of certain vacant lots and rooftops to viable crop-producing spaces.

“Buildings are responsible for 70 percent of New York City’s energy consumption, and the majority of that energy is used for space and water heating,” says Bianca Howard, a graduate student and National Science Foundation IGERT fellow, who worked with Vijay Modi, a professor in the School of Engineering and Applied Science and an Earth Institute faculty member, on the project. “Despite shifts to greener sources of energy for base electricity,” Howard says, “much of the city’s heat is still produced by carbon-intensive, dirty-burning heating fuels. There’s great potential for greening the way we meet our thermal energy needs.” With the New York map complete, the Modi Research Group plans to apply their information and analysis to other U.S. cities.

Rooftop farms provide a variety of benefits: They produce seasonal fresh fruits and vegetables; they absorb runoff that would otherwise overwhelm sewage systems and wash pollutants into local bodies of water; and they also reduce the energy needs of buildings by acting as insulators, keeping buildings cooler in summer and warmer in winter. Funded by the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, a UDL study uses a large rooftop farm in the Brooklyn Navy Yard to generate data on farm design and inform outreach efforts. 

The Earth Institute, Columbia University

Photo: Brooklyn Grange

Bottom: Suitable rooftops (blue and yellow) could provide some 3,200 acres of space for rooftop farming.


The Columbia Climate Center (CCC) seeks to improve humankind’s capacity to understand, predict and respond to climate variability and change within a multidisciplinary approach to sustainable development. By integrating basic and applied research in climate science, engineering, public health, economics, social science and political science conducted throughout Columbia University, the Center develops strategies for adaptation to and mitigation of climate change, while communicating the science and impacts of climate change to society and providing policy analysis and advice to stakeholders and decision makers. The CCC has developed an Energy and Emissions Model to quantify the impact of climate, energy and land-use policies on greenhouse gas emissions in countries around the world. In collaboration with Deutsche Bank Climate Change Advisors, this innovative resource has been used since 2009 to analyze the potential impacts of government regulations and targets on emissions reductions of carbon dioxide fully executed over time and to determine whether the existing suite of policies can achieve the emission reductions necessary to reach the stabilization target of 44 GtCO2e by 2020, as recommended by the United Nations Environment Programme. The results have been published in Climate Change Policy Tracker reports, which have been released annually through 2012. The ultimate goal of this applied research is to inform investors and policymakers of the most effective policies with regard to emissions reductions.  ANNUAL DONOR REPORT 2012


Direct Expenses $141,776

July 1, 2011– June 30, 2012

Research $77,437 55%

General Administration $15,559 11% Instructional and Educational Activities $28,402 20% Operations, Maintenance, Equipment, Other $20,378 14%

Source: Office of Finance and Administration, the Earth Institute

to Our Donors

Direct Revenue $122,539 Government Grants $88,827 72%

We greatly appreciate our donors: the individuals, corporations, foundations, foreign governments and multilateral organizations who have supported us and partnered with us in our work. With their help, we continue to advance the science, technologies and policies needed to develop practical solutions for our planet’s complex challenges. This invaluable group of supporters has been instrumental in allowing us to continue to achieve sustainable development.

Gifts $7,217 6% Foundation Grants $20,314 17% Tuition and Fees $214 0% Endowment Income $6,395 5%

300 250 200 Millions

Thank you

Dollar amounts in thousands.

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Projected Actual

The Earth Institute, Columbia University


PROGRAMS OF THE EARTH INSTITUTE Cross-Cutting Initiative (CCI) Earth Clinic Millennium Cities Initiative Millennium Villages Project

Center for Climate Systems Research (CCSR)

Program on Science, Technology, and Global Development

Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)

Program on Sustainable Mobility

Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)

Tropical Agriculture and Rural Environment Program

Center for National Health Development in Ethiopia (CNHDE) Center for Rivers and Estuaries Center for Sustainable Urban Development (CSUD) Center for the Study of Science and Religion (CSSR) Center of Globalization and Sustainable Development (CGSD) Columbia Climate Center Columbia Water Center Earth Institute Center for Environmental Sustainability (EICES)

M.A. in Climate and Society M.P.A. in Development Practice M.P.A. in Environmental Science and Policy Ph.D. in Sustainable Development M.S. in Sustainability Management Undergraduate Special Concentration and Major in Sustainable Development


AFFILIATES AND CONSORTIUMS The Earth Institute is a member of or is closely affiliated with the following five entities: Advanced Consortium on Cooperation, Conflict, and Complexity Black Rock Forest Consortium Center for Climate Change Law (CCCL) Connect to Learn NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS)

DIRECTORATE Jeffrey D. Sachs Director Steven Cohen Executive Director and Chief Operating Officer Sean Solomon Associate Director for Earth Systems Science and Director of Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Peter Schlosser Deputy Director and Director of Research

MANAGEMENT TEAM Steven Cohen Executive Director and Chief Operating Officer

Earth Engineering Center (EEC)

Center for Research on Environmental Decisions (CRED)

International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI)

Cooperative Institute for Climate Applications and Research (CICAR)

Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO)

Laboratory of Populations Urban Design Lab (UDL)

Carol Pooser Director, Funding Initiatives

Lenfest Center for Sustainable Energy (LCSE)

Vale Columbia Center of Sustainable International Investment

Joanna Rubinstein Assistant Director, International Programs

David Dvorak Director, Finance and Administration

George Sarrinikolaou Director, Office of Academic and Research Programs


Erin Trowbridge Director, Communications

CREDITS Carol Pooser Executive Editor Gina Ackerman Content Director, Editor and Project Manager Sarah Wakefield Adhya Contributing Writer and Project Consultant Kevin Krajick Editorial Advisor Nancy E. Sherman Copy Editor Stislow Design Design

Photo: Jennifer Gross


Hogan Hall, MC 3277 2910 Broadway New York, NY 10025

This report was printed at Brilliant Graphics, an FSC-certified printer, on paper that contains 30% percent (text) postconsumer recycled content and was made with renewable energy.

2012 Earth Institute Donor Report  

2012 Earth Institute Donor Report

2012 Earth Institute Donor Report  

2012 Earth Institute Donor Report