Amazon Legal Pro Bono Report

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We Serve A M A ZO N L EG A L P R O B O N O R E PO R T


Amazon lawyers and legal professionals have a long history of volunteer legal service. The Amazon legal department’s pro bono program, which formally launched in 2014, enables, encourages, and supports these efforts. The program started relatively small, with most volunteers based out of the company’s home base of Seattle. Since then, hundreds of Amazonians working in dozens of countries across the globe have volunteered tens of thousands of hours of pro bono legal service — and the momentum continues to build.

WE SERVE


We believe that providing legal services to those unable to pay is not just an ethical obligation for all lawyers and legal professionals. It gives Amazonians an opportunity to serve and learn about their communities in new and meaningful ways. That’s why I championed the formation of the Amazon legal department’s pro bono program in 2014, alongside a talented group of lawyers and legal professionals who shared my passion for this type of volunteerism. Today, the Amazon pro bono program aims to make it easy for our legal team members all over the world to provide pro bono services to communities and help more people access justice.

David A. Zapolsky Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and Secretary

Since the program’s inception, over 700 Amazon attorneys and legal professionals across dozens of countries have volunteered more than 38,000 hours to over 35 partner organizations globally to assist those in need. In our pro bono report, you will find many examples of Amazon legal professionals and partners working together to provide access to legal services and meet critical needs. The report is comprised of numerous video and text testimonials that exemplify the ways in which our team members help improve youth literacy, support LGBTQIA communities, overturn wrongful convictions, champion rights of immigrants, safeguard voter participation, aid military veterans, and contribute meaningfully to numerous other causes. I have had the opportunity and privilege to take on a number of pro bono matters in my career at Amazon, and my hope is that this report gives others a glimpse into how meaningful it is to participate in this work. I am so impressed with our Amazon legal team and the way we have scaled our pro bono work to make a difference not just in our headquarter communities but across the globe in so many different and creative ways. I am incredibly proud of the global program we have created and the hundreds of Amazon legal team members who continually contribute their time and talents to this meaningful pro bono work.

WE SERVE


SUCCESS AND SCALE BRING BROAD RESPONSIBILITY At Amazon, everything we do is guided by our Leadership Principles, including how we put the customer first in designing products and services and work to solve significant challenges at scale. These principles are equally important to the Amazon legal team as we strive to serve individuals and communities in need through our pro bono work. We believe lawyers and legal professionals have both a unique opportunity and responsibility to leverage our legal training and skills, and put into action one of Amazon’s newest principles, Success and Scale Bring Broad Responsibility, by doing better for the world at large. We started in a garage, but we’re not there anymore. We are big, we impact the world, and we have not gotten everything perfect. We must be humble and thoughtful about even the secondary effects of our actions. Our local communities, planet, and future generations need us to do good every day. We are our own biggest self-critic and must begin each day with a determination to do even better and be even better for our customers, our employees, our partners, and the world at large in every imaginable area. We’re changing the world in a meaningful way and know we can do even more tomorrow. Our leaders are intentional to create more than they consume and always leave things better than they found them.

WE SERVE


Contents 6

Introduction

53

Supporting LGBTQIA Communities

8

Righting Wrongful Convictions

58

Empowering People with Mental Disabilities

12

Addressing Homelessness

61

Representing Victims of Domestic Violence

15

Championing the Rights of Immigrants and Refugees

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Advancing Women’s Health

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Protecting Children from Sexual Abuse

67

Mentoring Young Legal Minds

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Promoting Arts and Culture

70

Aiding Military Veterans

33

Safeguarding Voter Participation

74

Preserving the Environment

36

Teaching Constitutional and Civil Rights

77

Reaching Out Globally

41

Helping Communities Thrive

81

Celebrating Pro Bono

44

Improving Youth Literacy

85

Awards & Acknowledgment

48

Assisting Adoptions


Providing legal services to those unable to pay is not just an ethical obligation, it gives us an opportunity to serve and learn about our community, and by extension our customers, in new and meaningful ways. David A. Zapolsky Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and Secretary

INTRODUCTION

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INTRODUCTION

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Righting Wrongful Convictions


Innocent man sees daylight after 14 years of darkness in prison In the dark box of a prison cell, tomorrows can feel just as dismal as yesterdays. West Virginia inmate Jason Lively knew that mood all too well until the day he took a phone call from his legal team that brightened his future. “You’re going to be let out,” his lawyer told him. After a decade of appeals, state prosecutors had conceded to Lively’s motion to vacate his sentence. Soon after, a court found — at long last — that he had been wrongfully convicted 14 years earlier of firstdegree murder and first-degree arson.

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Ajeet Pai, an Amazon attorney in Austin, Texas,

Baker Botts and Amazon that began in 2017 when

and litigating wrongful conviction cases. The

was patched in. “That phone call was probably

George and law partner Jamie Lynn reached

Mid-Atlantic Innocence Project (MAIP), which

the high point of my legal career. To be part of

out to Pai — who they both knew — to see if

works on behalf of wrongfully accused people in

delivering that news to someone who had been

Amazon would be interested in building on its

Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Columbia,

in solitary confinement the majority of his adult

pro bono portfolio by working on innocence

presented Amazon its Defender of Innocence

life, it was enormous.”

cases. “When I told Jason that Amazon was co-

award in 2022, extolling the company for

counseling on his case, I had to explain what

devoting more people to the project’s work than

Amazon was because he had been locked up for

any other corporate or private law firm. “The

so long,” George recalled, “He said, ‘Oh yeah, is

background work they do — digging through

that the online bookstore?’ He didn’t realize what

records, developing timelines, laying out the cast

Amazon had become.”

of characters for us to interview — these are the

In helping research facts and prepare a habeas petition, Pai got to hear from Lively firsthand the dashed dreams of a young man who wanted to study environmental management and work in the forests as opposed to settling for a life of hard

things that help alleviate the workload on our

labor in the coalmines of his home state. “Here

Thankful for the support from Baker Botts and

was a bright, articulate, humble guy who had a

Amazon, Lively expressed his gratitude in a

future ahead of him when all of this happened,”

heartfelt, heart-wrenching video where he lets

Pai recalled. “It was really very moving to hear his

his tears flow. “How do you say ‘thank you’ to

story and be able to relay it through a narrative

somebody that has given you your family, your

Najib Saïl, an attorney at Amazon France and head

that could help him.”

sister, your brother, your kids, your wife, your

of the European pro bono taskforce, accepted

mother? That’s what they gave me. They gave me

the award on behalf of Amazon, signifying the

a future. Not only that, they continue to look out

international scope of the volunteer effort. He

for me, for nothing. For nothing! They treated me

shared the stage with more than 20 exonerees

that good.”

who had spent over 600 combined years behind

Andrew George, a partner with Baker Botts LLP in Washington, D.C., and the lead litigator in Lively’s exoneration case, preserves the memory of his client entering the courtroom in full body irons one final time before the judge agreed that Lively

Pai is one of about 120 Amazon attorneys and

indeed was innocent and ordered his release. The

legal professionals across 14 countries who have

Lively case is the acme of a partnership between

spent hundreds of hours screening, evaluating,

R I G H T I N G W R O N G F U L CO N V I C T I O N S

own lawyers and allow us to actually tackle the volume of cases we have,” said Shawn Armbrust, MAIP executive director.

bars. “Behind this work, there are human beings,” said Saïl, recalling the moment. “It was my honor to say thank you to them.”

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Amazon’s attorneys and legal professionals recognize that we have unique skills that can help ensure that members of our communities have access to justice. Kathy Sheehan Global Co-Head of Pro Bono at Amazon

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Addressing Homelessness


Legal clinics clear the way for families in temporary shelter to become housed Over the years, Amazon has formed an exceptional philanthropic relationship with Mary’s Place, a nonprofit that offers emergency shelter and outreach services to families experiencing homelessness in the Seattle area. Since 2016, Amazon has donated space in properties it owns to house a Mary’s Place-run family shelter — the most recent being an ultra-modern, eight-floor facility inside an office tower at corporate headquarters. With capacity for over 200 guests, it is the largest facility of its kind in the state of Washington and includes a medical clinic, daycare, and other services to support families in transition.

ADDRESSING HOMELESSNESS

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For many, navigating the legal system is daunting, but knowing that you have an advocate on your side makes all the difference …

Since 2018, Amazon legal team members have met regularly with guests of

in the world. We take that responsibility seriously and it is an immense source

Mary’s Place — either in person or virtually — to help them progress toward

of pride for me personally and the legal department as a whole that we can do

the goal of securing permanent housing for their families. Legal clinics, hosted

our part to help meet this unrelenting need in our city.”

with K&L Gates LLP and the King County Bar Association, help guests resolve a variety of barriers that stand in the way of their becoming housed, such as past housing debt, a previous eviction, and other blotches on credit and rental histories that can give pause to prospective landlords. Amazon’s legal counsel also supports guests of Mary’s Place in other areas of need, including restraining orders, as some have lost their housing as a result of fleeing domestic violence. “Amazon’s partnership with Mary’s Place allows our attorneys to help guests and their families as they face the terrible trauma of housing insecurity,” said Yousri Omar, an Amazon attorney who has been involved with Mary’s Place since the relationship began. “For many, navigating the legal system is daunting, but knowing that you have an advocate on your side makes all the difference

ADDRESSING HOMELESSNESS

During 2020, the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, the legal team provided over 700 hours of pro bono legal services to guests of Mary’s Place. Prior to the pandemic, each in-person monthly legal clinic would assist 20 to 30 guests. Since moving to a virtual platform, the clinics operate weekly and serve about five guests per session. Amazon and K&L Gates received the 2020 Corporate Pro Bono Partner Award from the Pro Bono Institute for the project, which is ongoing. In addition to serving the guests of Mary’s Place, Amazon lawyers advise the nonprofit on a variety of legal matters related to operations, such as real estate, tax, and labor.

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Championing the Rights of Immigrants and Refugees


Legal advocates navigate migrant children away from danger Children fleeing war, violence, and persecution in their home countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras arrive alone at the U.S.Mexico border with little to proffer but their hopes of finding someone — anyone — to be their advocate. Taken into custody, they face the same deportation process as an adult. Without adequate legal counsel to assist them through the complexity of the U.S. immigration system, these children are at risk of being sent back to the conditions they left behind.

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More than 180 lawyers and legal professionals from Amazon, Audible, and Davis Wright Tremaine LLP have represented on a pro bono basis 28 of these unaccompanied children, helping them to remain in the U.S. through a Special Juvenile Immigration visa, or in some cases, asylum. “The immigration system in our country is struggling,” said David A. Zapolsky, senior vice president, general counsel, and secretary for Amazon. “One of the ways it’s most obviously struggling is its inability to provide adequate legal representation to the people who are caught in that system, and particularly children.” This innovative partnership came together in 2017, soon after Amazon Legal launched its pro bono program. Amazon attorney Ajay Patel reached out to Kids in Need of Defense (KIND), an NGO that protects immigrant and refugee children across the globe who are migrating

alone in search of safety, as well as Bet Tzedek, a legal aid organization in Los Angeles, to see if Amazon could drive a multicity initiative to offer free legal services to migrant children. “KIND was — and remains — a natural fit for us at Amazon as a pro bono partner because its mission is very much in line with our goals of doing good in the community,” Patel said. At launch, the Amazon and Davis Wright Tremaine alliance became the biggest corporate and private law firm partnership for KIND in terms of geographic scope and number of children served. “The need for the children at the border is incredible — the numbers are staggering,” said Joanna Plichta Boisen, chief pro bono and social impact officer for Davis Wright Tremaine. “These attorneys come together to make up some of the most powerful teams to help these children at the border who were abused, neglected, and afraid, and needed an advocate in court.”

CHAMPIONING THE RIGHTS OF IMMIGRANTS AND REFUGEES

These attorneys come together to make up some of the most powerful teams to help these children at the border who were abused, neglected, and afraid, and needed an advocate in court.

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We have a 96% case success rate when children are represented. A lawyer makes all the difference. KIND mentors and trains lawyers and legal professionals to represent the children during the complex and time-intensive court proceedings. The learning curve nevertheless is steep, as few of the Amazon and Davis Wright Tremaine legal team members have prior experience in immigration law. The team demonstrates to the court the dangers the minors would face if returned home, seeking to take deportation off the table and giving the children a promising new trajectory in life. “We have a 96% case success rate when children are represented,” said Wendy Young, KIND president. “A lawyer makes all the difference.” Amazon Legal’s bond with KIND crosses borders, as the pro bono team in Europe is working with the NGO specifically to assist unaccompanied minors who are refugees of the war in Ukraine. Amazon lawyers and legal professionals are preparing informational resources — written in accessible language for the minors — that lay out details about their protective rights, temporary caregiver arrangements, and procedures for reuniting with their families.

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Fact sheets help lighten the load for Ukrainian refugees Moments after the first Russian armaments hit the cities of Ukraine in February 2022, the magnitude of what would escalate into Europe’s largest refugee crisis since World War II became apparent. A few days after the start of the war, Amazon Legal in Europe anticipated the crisis ahead and began lining up partner law firms to devise practical ideas on how they could help.

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Action was swift, decisive, and impactful. “By

Like the crisis itself, the pro bono project was

leveraging our international and diverse workforce,

unprecedented in its response and product: 18

and in line with our company’s culture, we were

fact sheets, each outlining 14 topics, covering

able to mobilize a dedicated group of individuals

18 different countries — the result of more than

to provide legal support to those in need,” said

360 pro bono hours from dedicated Amazonians.

Najib Saïl, the Amazon lawyer who leads the

The country-specific guidance (presented in both

European pro bono taskforce.

Ukrainian and English) is available on the website

More than 70 Amazon Legal team members

of PILnet, Amazon’s other partner in the project.

from across the globe — Poland, Luxembourg,

“When the war started, I, together with my

Sweden, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Turkey, the

sons, went abroad,” said Olga, who fled her city

United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, and

of Dnipro. “Obviously, I had a lot of questions

Mexico — joined with another group of about 70

regarding my rights and possibilities in different

lawyers and legal professionals from DLA Piper

countries of the world. In this respect, the website

on a pro bono project to help ease the transition

pilnet.org, where the fact sheets are published,

for Ukrainian refugee families and individuals who

helped me a lot. I have found answers to most

have been forced to resettle elsewhere in Europe.

of my questions. They are very easy to use and I

In just one month’s time, they completed a series of fact sheets that detail regulations and

could quickly find necessary information. I really appreciate it.”

practices in the various European countries

Presented in a concise and organized fashion, the

where refugee mothers have been trying to

fact sheets have been shared with NGOs working

reclaim a sense of normalcy for their displaced

on the ground to assist the displaced Ukrainians.

children. The fact sheets cover a variety of topics

Although the pro bono project is complete, its

germane to raising a family and establishing

impact on people and history endures.

oneself in a new country, including: housing; education; childcare; healthcare; employment; immigration; legal aid and human rights protection; and banking and taxation.

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You must motivate people and act in front of unprecedented times. This goes to the very essence of what pro bono means. Najib Saïl Head of the European Pro Bono Taskforce at Amazon

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Anxieties of Dreamers dissolve in a sea of legal support A young woman arrived at a legal clinic, staffed by Amazon professionals, in an utter panic. She had been able to live in the United States as a result of DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals), an immigration policy that grants certain young undocumented immigrants work authorization and protection from deportation, provided that they came before they turned 16 and have lived in the country for several years. DACA recipients, known as “Dreamers,” must renew their status every two years, but the young woman had let it expire, meaning she had to gather and submit additional paperwork dating back several years.

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Legal professionals should be using our expertise to give back to the community, not just for our own benefit. The DACA clinics help recipients fill out the

Amazon a lot?” Joseph asked her. They then pulled

humanize the application for whoever is reading

complex and precise renewal applications.

the woman’s past orders, which helped confirm

it. Some clients are studying to be nurses or have

As of June 2021, Amazon lawyers and legal

her previous addresses.

jobs as essential workers. Many are taking care of

professionals had participated in 168 DACA clinics in Seattle, assisting more than 2,100 young people.

Amazon partners with Perkins Coie LLP and Northwest Immigrant Rights Project on the DACA clinics. Joseph, who graduated law school but

their parents and family members, or have their own children they are supporting. Sometimes they bring their kids to the clinic.

Rebecca Joseph, an Amazon legal professional

is not a practicing attorney, said her schooling

“They come into the clinics with stress and worry,

in Seattle, recalled how she helped the anxious

ingrained in her the value that legal professionals

and leave with reassurances. Most walk out ready

young woman who came to the clinic. “Her

“should be using our expertise to give back to the

to file and get their status renewed.”

home had suffered a fire and she lost a lot of her

community, not just for our own benefit.” She is

possessions, including the records of her previous

thrilled that this pro bono project tapped into the

applications. During a two-hour DACA clinic, I

full range of talent on Amazon’s legal team —

usually can help two or three different clients, but

including non-attorneys like her.

I spent the entire time with this one woman. We went through step by step what documentation she needed and who she could call to obtain it.” Needing to show proof of continuous residency, Joseph came up with an idea to track where the young woman used to live: “Do you buy stuff on

CHAMPIONING THE RIGHTS OF IMMIGRANTS AND REFUGEES

As a company, Amazon is a strong supporter of immigration reform and has publicly advocated for Dreamers by urging Congress to pass a permanent legislative solution for DACA recipients and urging

“What I especially have liked is getting to connect

the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services to

with the people I am helping,” Joseph said.

allocate all employment-based green cards for

“Hearing a little bit about their lives is always

the current fiscal year.

touching. Part of the application process involves explaining why the person is applying — this can

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Political refugees obtain help with their asylum petitions The legal team from Amazon Studios in Los Angeles partnered with the Esperanza Immigrant Rights Project to assist political refugees already in the U.S. in gaining asylum. In 2019, Amazon hosted a one-day clinic where lawyers and legal professionals met in person with about 30 individuals originally from Central America to help them fill out their asylum petitions in the most advantageous way to be granted permanent protection. Emma Matson, a legal professional now working at Amazon Studios in the United Kingdom, recalled how the lawyers and legal professionals were moved by the intense stories they heard of dangers back home and death-defying travels — a woman fleeing physical abuse from her spouse, a family tracing its treacherous journey from country to country before finally arriving in the U.S. — all in hopes of securing a new life in America, free of fear.

CHAMPIONING THE RIGHTS OF IMMIGRANTS AND REFUGEES

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Protecting Children from Sexual Abuse


School-based project in India speaks up and keeps no secrets India has stringent laws and effective tools to shield children from sexual offenses. Unfortunately, many school teachers are unaware of these laws and their legal obligation to report a suspected crime. In addition, many children do not comprehend the distinction between a safe and an unsafe touch.

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Since 2016, Amazon’s legal team in India has partnered with several NGOs, including HAQ: Centre for Child Rights, to disseminate information on child rights in schools, as well as address the fears and misunderstandings among teachers and students about confidentiality and punishment — and try to allay their concerns. The goal is to increase the frequency of reports and reduce the incidences of child sexual abuse. The school-based presentations vary by audience, ranging from straightforward orientation-and-training workshops for teachers to entertaining string-puppet shows for children that reveal a more profound message. Richa Bakshi, an attorney for Amazon in India, said the presentations help teachers and students identify offenses and encourage children to tell a parent, teacher, or older sibling so that appropriate action can be taken. She added that students often pay heightened attention to her and her co-workers’ presentations because of the children’s familiarity with Amazon.

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Our work is meaningful if we are able to help even one or two children.

“My team and I take our role of sharing legal knowledge — about the rights, privileges, and protections provided to kids by the Indian legal system — very seriously,” Bakshi said. “We are doing our best to make changes in young people’s lives. Our work is meaningful if we are able to help even one or two children.” Presenters hope that by the end of a session, students are able to absorb the message, “If you face it, you report it.” The sessions themselves provide a window to children to reach out. Sometimes after a session, Bakshi said, “there are kids who want to speak to someone alone.”

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Promoting Arts and Culture


Filmmaker given legal direction so she can focus on her craft Cast in roles that didn’t speak to her soul, actor Melinda Raebyne shifted her focus from in front of the camera to behind it, a standpoint from where she could bring awareness to the various social causes that mattered to her the most. With her heart in the right place, she discovered that being an independent filmmaker also requires brainpower on complex legal matters like contracts, liability, and releases.

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Raebyne had questions. So she turned to Washington Lawyers for the Arts (WLA), a nonprofit that serves as a bridge between the arts and legal communities in Washington state, consulting with artists and arts organizations to help them better manage the ancillary legal issues related to their craft. Both the current and immediate past chairs of WLA’s board, Rebecca Lanctot and Mark Warnick, are members of Amazon’s legal team, and Amazon’s longstanding partnership with WLA has been a major driver of Amazon Legal’s pro bono hours overall. “WLA is quite ecumenical on who is an artist and what is an arts organization,” said Lanctot, a legal professional for Amazon Prime Video. “As an example, I write in my spare time. Once I have a book done, I theoretically could reach out to WLA and get guidance.”

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Amazon hosts monthly WLA workshops for artists and representatives of arts organizations to come with their legal questions. In fact, Raebyne first met attorney Warnick at a session that took place at Amazon’s downtown Seattle campus. At the time, Raebyne was shooting an immersive-style documentary about people living in a homeless encampment near Seattle. “Being an artist, I was nervous walking in there — I don’t speak legal jargon,” Raebyne recalled. “How was I going to say what I wanted to say so that they would understand me? And how would I understand what they told me? But I came out of there really feeling like they cared about the work I was doing and I got the support I needed.”

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Safeguarding Voter Participation


Volunteers answer the call to staff Election Day voter hotline In an effort to ensure that all voters in the United States have equal opportunity to cast their ballots and that their votes will count, the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law operates a non-partisan national election protection hotline year round. Calls get routed to pro bono lawyers and legal professionals who pick up the line to offer assistance. On Election Day 2020, Amazon became the first in-house legal department ever to staff the entirety of such a call center, fielding queries throughout four shifts from voters in 15 states.

“The way the call center is structured, the folks on the phone are given ‘playbooks’ that have answers to many voters’ questions,” said Mayank Prasad, an attorney in Seattle who organized Amazon’s efforts and served as a call center lead on Election Day. “If the playbook doesn’t have an answer, sometimes some quick research can get the job done. When that doesn’t work, you take the question to a shift captain, and then, if necessary, the shift captain goes to the call center leads. That culture of thinking on your feet and escalating quickly when you don’t have the answer, that’s very Amazonian.”

That culture of thinking on your feet and escalating quickly when you don’t have the answer, that’s very Amazonian. S A F E G UA R D I N G VOT E R PA R T I C I PAT I O N

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This is a legal department with leadership that really champions pro bono efforts across the board.

The majority of calls on Election Day 2020 came from people looking for help filling out their ballot, finding where to cast their vote in person, or asking about mail-in ballot requirements. Some calls were more serious, including an allegation of harassment at a polling place in Hawaii and an individual brandishing an assault weapon near a voting center north of Seattle. Both calls were escalated immediately and referred to law enforcement. About 150 different members of Amazon Legal across the country participated in the election protection initiative leading up to and including Election Day 2020. In total, they logged in about 2,200 hours of volunteer time, plus an additional 90 or so hours of administrative work to make the project run smoothly. “This is a legal department with leadership that really champions pro bono efforts across the board,” said Prasad, in the process of planning a similar initiative for the 2022 election. “Our people have shown themselves to be enthusiastic about helping voters get their voices heard.”

S A F E G UA R D I N G VOT E R PA R T I C I PAT I O N

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Teaching about the Constitution and Civil Rights


Learning about their rights, students get their voice History teacher Staci Ring observed intently as her students considered the constitutional dilemma at the heart of a real-life court case that had just been introduced to them. Does a student have a right to carry an encased small knife at school in accordance with his Sikh faith? Or is the student’s religious liberty under the First Amendment outweighed by the need of school administrators to maintain campus security? “They all heard the same case, but they perceived it differently,” said Ring, who teaches freshmen and sophomores at Willie Stewart Academy, a high school in Tacoma, Washington. “It was really cool to hear them make their arguments on either side.”

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Two Amazon attorneys in Seattle, Ben Skoglund and Sam Plott, created the interactive lesson plan, which Amazon lawyers and legal professionals present in classrooms for Constitution Day, the annual observance of the signing of the U.S. Constitution on September 17, 1787. Wanting the lesson to be relatable for the students, Skoglund and Plott — with support from attorney Dennis Wallace and legal professional Charmaine Robles — picked a 1994 California case that took place within a school setting. Skoglund and Plott made the lesson participatory, asking students to form small groups, evaluate the competing interests of the students, families, and the school, and then discuss their views with classmates. For Skoglund, the son of two educators, the pro bono project took him back to his prelaw-school days when he taught fifth graders in Minnesota. “I found the project really fulfilling,” he said. “Working with students is something I love to do. I couldn’t help but call my parents to tell them that I had the opportunity to write a lesson plan for Amazon Legal and get back in the classroom.”

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Since 2017, Amazon lawyers and legal professionals have given both Constitution Day and civil rights presentations to about 6,500 students in Washington and California, endeavoring to have the presenters reflect the racial and ethnic makeup of the students being taught. In 2022, Lasherelle Morgan, attorney for Amazon Studios, headed a team of lawyers and legal professionals based out of Miami, New York, and California in a presentation on civil rights to elementary and middle school students in central Los Angeles. To engage young minds on complex matters, Morgan compares gerrymandering to unfairly cutting slices of a pizza, and she uses TikTok clips to showcase the significance of the Black Lives Matter protests of 2020.

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Building rapport between the students and presenters is key when provocative topics of personal freedoms are broached. Without that trust, the students simply won’t open up, Ring said. To that end, Ring witnessed one of her students, who spoke nary a word in class, emerge out of her shell to give a very vocal opinion during one of the Constitution Day interactive lessons. “Once she had the floor, she went on and on,” Ring recalled. “I love the voice these lessons give to our students. The Constitution can be an intimidating document, but here they get absorbed into it and feel empowered by it.”

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Helping Communities Thrive


Audible offers justice and legal aid to benefit its neighbors in Newark From the moment Audible moved its headquarters to Newark, New Jersey, the company has been committed to accelerating the renaissance of this great American city. Pro bono has been close to the heart of this work, with Audible attorneys donating free legal aid so that residents, including those with criminal histories and those re-entering society after serving time in prison, may have fair and equitable access to counsel. The State of New Jersey recently revised its expungement law to allow more people who have been convicted of crimes to clear their records.

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“Criminal records are big impediments on

and food insecurity. Audible projects include

people’s ability to function as whole members

advising on contracts and policies for the Lincoln

of society,” said Suemyra Shah, an attorney

Park Coast Cultural District, a nonprofit that

for Audible. “They can bar people from getting

integrates arts and cultural amenities in Newark

a job, obtaining housing, voting, and accessing

neighborhoods to advance local economic

other rights and benefits.” Shah and her Audible

development and community engagement.

colleagues have staffed monthly clinics, organized through pro bono partner Volunteer Lawyers for Justice (VLJ), to consult with people about their criminal history and determine whether their record is eligible for expungement under the expanded law. If it is, the client is referred to VLJ to prepare a filing. Audible, an Amazon subsidiary, routinely accepts project referrals from Pro Bono Partnership, which coordinates and offers legal services to New Jersey nonprofits that provide essentials to people in need and work on issues like homelessness

H E L P I N G CO M M U N I T I E S T H R I V E

These partnerships are just two of several dozen pro bono initiatives that Audible’s legal team has taken on in pursuit of Activate Caring, a concept enshrined within the company’s People Principles

“ We work to improve the lives of those without privilege in the cities and countries in which we operate, because Audible seeks to exemplify what a company can mean beyond what it does. We believe in giving people a chance, and we work to make this so, particularly in the urban core.

and which states in part: “We work to improve the lives of those without privilege in the cities and countries in which we operate, because Audible seeks to exemplify what a company can mean beyond what it does. We believe in giving people a chance, and we work to make this so, particularly in the urban core.”

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Improving Youth Literacy


Enchanting books captivate and charm Ethiopia’s youngest readers In the children’s storybook The Runaway Injera, a round Ethiopian flatbread with eyes and a mouth “rolls zip-zip across the ground” in a crafty escape attempt from those who wish it a delicious demise. The book is part of an impressive and endearing collection of more than 130 bilingual titles, created, published, translated, and distributed by Open Hearts Big Dreams (OHBD), an NGO making reading fun and accessible for young children in Ethiopia, with a goal of helping to close the country’s literacy gap. The literacy rate for youth in Ethiopia is about 70% and the adult literacy rate hovers around 50%, with literacy less common among girls and women. Another book in the collection, Andromeda, Princess of Ethiopia, effectively reclaims Andromeda as more than just a Greek myth by shining a light on the princess’ Ethiopian roots.

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The vast majority of OHBD titles are written and illustrated by volunteers, and each story is told in both English and a language spoken in Ethiopia or other parts of Africa (15 languages so far, amounting to more than 725 different books overall). With the help of collaborating organizations, OHBD in its first five years has locally printed and distributed more than 350,000 copies of books in Ethiopia and has circulated another 30,000 globally through Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing, making it the largest publisher of bilingual children’s books featuring African languages and stories in the world. Amazon Legal has a history of support for OHBD. Its founder and executive director, Ellenore Angelidis, worked 13 years for Amazon as an attorney and in several other roles before leaving the company in 2018. Amazon lawyers and legal professionals recently have been engaged in a pro bono research project that lays the foundation for OHBD to expand its book distribution to other parts of Africa, including countries with some of the lowest literacy rates in the world. Working with DLA Piper, Amazon is preparing a series of intellectual property and compliance worksheets for 16 countries that OHBD will be able to use for guidance related to copyright, content licensing, language requirements, and distribution protocols for libraries and schools.

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Paola Montero, an Amazon attorney in Spain, has led the Africa-based project, which has attracted volunteers from across the globe. Montero appreciates the project’s goal of increasing literacy. “As lawyers, we get so swamped with our daily work that sometimes we don’t easily see the value we can add to communities. It’s nice to work for a company that allows these types of synergies with NGOs and diverse cultures — pro bono is definitely one of the more enriching parts of my job.”

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Assisting Adoptions


Amazon Studios legal team goes “out of office” to make new families The young boy arrived in court dressed smartly in full mariachi regalia. Unable to contain his excitement about his pending adoption, he performed a couple of irresistibly cute dances for the judge and everyone in attendance. Colleen Hilton, an Amazon attorney who had assisted his new family through the long and sometimes stressful journey of legal adoption, was unable to contain her tears.

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Once a year, families gather at the Children’s Court near Los Angeles for a very special day when judges finalize adoptions, one after another, calling the youngest of the children to the bench to invite them to select one of several plush teddy bears lined against a wall. Warm and fuzzy, all around. Hilton had left for court that morning by placing a sign on her office door: “Colleen is out today helping to make a new family.” After making her successful appearance before the judge, Hilton grabbed a seat in the back of the courtroom to witness the joys of other children and families whose cases had been supported by her Amazon Studios legal team colleagues. “To help complete families, to help make children feel secure and confident that no one is going to take them away, that’s just the greatest feeling in the world,” Hilton said. Over the past several years, members of the Amazon Studios legal team have volunteered hundreds of hours to allow children who have suffered past traumas in their short lives be adopted out of foster care. Taking referrals from Public Counsel, a Los Angeles-based provider of pro bono legal services, the lawyers and legal professionals work on uncontested adoption cases in teams of two or three — an indicator of the complexity and time demands of a form-heavy process that isn’t always intuitive. For example, if a child has special needs, the legal team must prepare separate filings to help the family secure additional benefits from the state to help raise the child.

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The National Adoption Day celebration is the payoff for all the hard work. “This pro bono initiative is my all-time favorite volunteer opportunity,” Amazon attorney Kathy Polishuk said. “The best part for me has been getting to know the families in the process. A lot of times, the children are being adopted by relatives and they have so many sweet stories to share about the child.” Polishuk treasures a crayon hand-drawing of a beautiful vista that a young girl gave her as a present after helping the girl’s longtime foster parent adopt her. “It was such a tangible reward for making this family official,” she said.

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ASSISTING ADOPTIONS

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Supporting LGBTQIA Communities


Amazon bolsters report that supports LGBTQIA students throughout Europe The right forearm of Rubén Ávila Rodríguez bears the scar of growing up in a small town in Spain — a cut mark left by a school bully who attacked the teenager he chided as gay. Some 20 years later, conditions generally have improved for LGBTQIA youth across Europe, in and out of school. But policies and practices governing inclusive education for LGBTQIA youth vary from country to country (and from region to region), with some having adopted regressive laws in recent years.

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“ This project was a blessing. I loved working on it. Ávila Rodríguez, now living in Belgium, is the policy

Amazon became involved in the project, joining

The project resonated loudly across Amazon

and research manager for International Lesbian,

50 lawyers from White & Case LLP, as part of an

Legal, with 24 volunteers — 15 attorneys and

Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and Intersex

intentional effort to create more DEI (Diversity,

nine legal professionals, not only from Europe

Youth & Student Organisation (also known as

Equity and Inclusion) pro bono opportunities

but also India and the U.S. — contributing their

IGLYO), the largest group of its kind in the world.

for its legal team. After learning of the project,

time and skills. What began as a relatively simple

With the help of Amazon attorneys and legal

Camille Fernandes, a legal professional for

request to verify the research already done for the

professionals, IGLYO has published a second

Amazon in Luxembourg, jumped at the chance

report’s first edition turned into something more

edition of its breakthrough LGBTQI Inclusive

to lead it. “I am very vocal about the rights of

extensive, Fernandes said. “The report creates a

Education

which benchmarks rules

women, LGBTQIA people, people of color, and

fact-based, repository snapshot of each country.

and laws governing the treatment of LGBTQIA

other minorities, and I’m always trying to be

We ended up doing heavy research and drafting,

students in 49 different European countries. Ávila

a better ally at my own level, seizing every

which enabled us to bring more content into it.”

Rodríguez calls the report a powerful resource,

possible chance to learn and educate myself,”

crucial to demonstrating where gaps exist and to

she said. “This project was a blessing. I loved

uplifting the models needed to fill them.

working on it.”

Report,

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Lawyer supporting marriage equality case in Japan urged to continue Takeho Ujino, a senior associate with one of Tokyo’s leading private law firms, looked to advance his legal career with a move to the corporate sector. While at the law firm, Ujino volunteered on a series of legal actions to support the path toward marriage equality in Japan.

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“ They told me, ‘This is great! Not only may you continue working on it, we encourage you to do that.’

“One of my concerns when looking for a new job was that a new employer would ask me to resign from my pro bono activity,” said Ujino, who decided to be proactive and let prospective employers know about his work on behalf of marriage equality. During his interview with Amazon, he mentioned it to the recruiters. “They told me, ‘This is great! Not only may you continue working on it, we encourage you to do that.’ I was surprised.” Ujino accepted Amazon’s job offer and works as an attorney in Tokyo. At the same time, he continues to craft and draft legal arguments in an effort to convince judges that the spirit of the “freedom of marriage” article in Japan’s 1946 Constitution should be interpreted as inclusive and therefore extend to LGBTQIA people. “I am good at structuring legal arguments,” Ujino said, “so my experience in these matters is useful.”

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Empowering People with Mental Disabilities


Legal research provides an antidote to dependency and isolation Expanding its pro bono portfolio in order to reach more disenfranchised people and communities, Amazon entered into a partnership in 2022 with Validity, a legal advocacy organization that addresses dependency and isolation among people with mental disabilities in Europe and Africa.

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About 25 Amazon Legal team members from nine countries — inside and outside the European continent — reviewed existing laws and regulations related to guardianships in seven European countries (a total of nine jurisdictions when including regional rules). Guardianships are legal arrangements that deprive adults with mental disabilities of their right to legal capacity by appointing substitute decision-makers to make choices on their behalf. Validity plans to use the research to develop and advocate for alternative “supported decision-making” policy guidelines that will give people with mental disabilities more say and control over their own lives. Alison Farquhar, one of two attorneys who formed Amazon’s new legal team in Brussels, Belgium, in March 2021, led the Validity project — in partnership with Covington, an international firm — while in her first year with the company. She also represented Amazon Legal in a joint presentation — with DLA Piper and the Raise Women’s Awareness Network — to about 40 working refugee women in Belgium, educating them about their legal rights on the job as they relate to maternity leave and motherhood. As often occurs with pro bono opportunities, both initiatives spun off from a standing relationship between Amazon and a global law firm, and then built off that law firm’s existing partnership with an NGO.

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Representing Victims of Domestic Violence


Fighting for the best interests of at-risk children Monica Hernandez is an attorney in Amazon’s Counterfeit Crimes Unit, who works with brands and law enforcement to pursue bad actors worldwide. Since August 2020, she has volunteered with D.C. Volunteer Lawyers Project (DCVLP), a nonprofit based in Washington, D.C., that represents domestic violence victims, at-risk children, and vulnerable immigrants.

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I’m grateful that Amazon’s commitment to pro bono allows me the opportunity to advance this organization’s critical work.

DCVLP also engages volunteer attorneys to

court appearances. When she joined Amazon in

Alexis Collins, vice president and associate general

handle protection orders and child support cases

2021 from a law firm, she was able to continue

counsel at Amazon, is also deeply involved with

and to serve as court-appointed advocates for

this work through Amazon’s pro bono program.

DCVLP and a member of its board of directors.

vulnerable children. As one of those volunteers – as well as a member of the Junior Board since 2021 – Monica serves as a court-appointed guardian ad litem (GAL) to help the court understand what is in the child’s best interest. Monica has dedicated over 250 hours to GAL work over the past two years. Her work includes counseling clients,

According to Monica, “It’s an honor to provide a voice for these children in court. I’m grateful that Amazon’s commitment to pro bono allows me the opportunity to advance this organization’s critical work. I look forward to continuing my work with DCVLP in the years to come.”

working with families, and making numerous

REPRESENTING VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

“DCVLP believes that a life free from violence and abuse is a basic human right,” said Alexis, “and we are passionate about improving the lives of survivors of domestic violence and at-risk children. Our program relies on volunteer attorneys, and I’m proud that DCVLP has been able to partner with Monica and other Amazon attorneys through our pro bono program to benefit our local community.”

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Advancing Women’s Health


Midwifery centers in Mexico breathe easier with legal operational support Luna Maya operates two natural birthing support centers in Mexico, delivering to Indigenous and low-income women the health care choices they deserve but may not be afforded. The small nonprofit advocates for the growth of the midwifery profession throughout Mexico, while also demonstrating that midwife services can help lower the country’s high rate of cesarean section births.

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With its hands full providing direct services to expectant parents, Luna Maya relies on the grace of others to make sure the agency remains in compliance with the law so that it can continue its important work. This is where Amazon Legal stepped in. Thalia Ruiz, an attorney in Mexico City, and two of her office colleagues volunteered their time to provide essential behind-the-scenes legal research that aids Luna Maya’s overall operations, allowing the agency to focus its resources on what it does best — supporting families through a healthy pregnancy, labor, and post-delivery.

“ Legal representation is expensive, and that

results in people and nonprofit organizations being denied access to it.

Amazon received the Luna Maya referral from Appleseed México, part of a network of justice centers in North America that promote social impact and pro bono culture. “Legal representation is expensive, and that results in people and nonprofit organizations being denied access to it,” Ruiz said. “I want to help close that gap. Giving back to organizations doing something so meaningful for people and society, I love being a part of that.”

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Mentoring Young Legal Minds


Black woman lawyer in Brazil breaks barriers of her profession with her mentor’s help Young lawyer Débora Brangioni Pereira has found encouragement and inspiration through a professional society of female in-house counsels in Brazil who recognize the built-in biases that can hold her back. Men dominate the legal profession in Brazil and almost no female lawyers of color hold executive-level positions within corporations. Pereira, who self-identifies as Black, has benefited from a mentorship program provided through Jurídico de Saias (Portuguese for “Legal in Skirts”), gaining newfound confidence in her skills and ability to lead.

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“ Many female law students ... may dream of working for a nice law firm but feel like they aren’t allowed to participate in that market. We want to have somebody there to make them believe they can. Josie Jardim, an attorney for Amazon in Brazil,

hours to evolve the mentorship program, with

possible,” said Lopes, who hatched the idea for a

“They may dream of working for a nice law firm

founded the society in 2009 to address gender

mentor training taking place within Amazon office

mentorship program and shared it with Jardim.

but feel like they aren’t allowed to participate in

inequalities and develop new female leaders

space. Meira, who has served as a mentor, said

“Why am I not seeing women who look like me

that market. We want to have somebody there to

within the Brazilian legal community. More

female law students often believe they are

in Jurídico de Saias? Why are women of color

make them believe they can.”

recently, the group launched the mentorship

limited in what they can achieve because barriers

not achieving leadership roles? What is missing?

program for female law students of color, starting

— brought about by misogyny — really do exist.

That’s why we decided to start the mentorship

at a university in São Paulo before branching

Self-doubt can be even greater for female law

program.”

out to students elsewhere in the country. The

students and young lawyers of color, who have

program also attracts existing lawyers like Pereira

few role models in Brazil. Ianda Lopes, general

seeking to advance their careers. “With the help

counsel for GE Onshore Wind Services, is one of

of my mentor, the program has been helping me

the few.

Carrying forward what she has learned, Pereira recently started a mentorship program for Black law students through the bar association in the

Many young women of color in Brazil were

Brazilian state where she lives. Currently working in

raised in racially and economically segregated

mediation, she said she aspires to become a labor

environments that suffocate dreams and stifle

prosecutor. “Due to the lack of representation of

opportunities. Mentors focus on helping to build

Black females in the profession, I didn’t realize what

“You do not aspire to what you do not see, and if

their self-esteem in addition to networking on

was possible for me. The mentorship program has

you do not see any women of color as a general

their behalf and offering tips on interviewing for a

brought me strength without fear of revealing who

Jardim and Juliana Meira, also an Amazon

counsel of an international corporation or as a

job. “Many female law students do not understand

I am: a Black female legal professional.”

attorney in Brazil, have invested many pro bono

partner in a large law firm, you do not think it is

the opportunities that exist for them,” Jardim said.

to understand myself as a legal professional and map my pain points,” she said.

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Aiding Military Veterans


Veterans in Amazon Legal help former U.S. Marine earn honorable discharge A young Marine served the United States impeccably in the Global War on Terrorism until the horrors associated with combat overwhelmed him. To cope, he resorted to self-medicating. His superiors discovered his substance use and, citing the military’s zero-tolerance policy, pushed through his involuntary separation from service. Encumbered with a less-than-honorable discharge, the Marine lost several of his veterans’ benefits — including the mental health services he needed to heal from having fought an unforgiving war in a faraway land.

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Three members of Amazon’s legal department

Yet without such pro bono assistance, veterans

who also are veterans — two Navy and one Army

are left to navigate the byzantine path to justice

— teamed up on behalf of the former Marine

on their own, their attempts often frustrated by

to appeal his discharge status, successfully

the maladies and feelings of resentment from

upgrading it to honorable. In addition to

which they suffer.

Veterans Affairs system health care, an honorable discharge carries advantages such as educational opportunities and VA-backed home loans.

“This case was an opportunity for us to right some wrongs and get this Marine the medical care and other benefits he deserved,” said Lloyd Chee,

Through referrals from The Veterans Consortium

a former naval officer now working as a lawyer

and the National Veterans Legal Services

for Amazon. “His PTSD was a service-connected

Program, Amazon lawyers since 2018 have

disability and he suffered because the military

supported veterans who have sought to challenge

did not provide what he needed.”

their discharge status. Preparing their complex appeals requires significant research and time.

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Chee, who spent 27 years in the U.S. Navy and U.S. Navy Reserve, is Amazon’s representative on the advisory committee of the Washington State Attorney General’s Office of Military and Veteran Legal Assistance, which facilitates pro bono services for military service members, veterans, and their families. At Amazon, Chee negotiates transactions and advises the team that keeps the company’s fleet of delivery vehicles running smoothly around the world. Being able to balance his corporate legal responsibilities with pro bono work that reaches into his past has been “incredibly rewarding, a meaningful journey,” Chee said. “Those of us who have served our country have a certain affinity for the military as an organization, but it’s really all about the people. It’s often said that when you fight in a battle, it’s not for country or flag as much as it is for the person who is to the left or right of you. That bond is unbreakable.”

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Preserving the Environment


Behind-the-scenes support helps protect critical habitat The Nature Conservancy (TNC) has been in the business of protecting critical habitat, preserving landscapes, and promoting biodiversity for over 70 years. One critical mechanism for achieving those objectives is through conservation easements, which limit the allowed uses of land while providing tax and other benefits to property owners.

PRESERVING THE ENVIRONMENT

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At TNC’s request, Amazon real estate attorneys

Amazon Legal Ops team, effectively lightening

Leslie Reed and Katherine Wax, and Alexa legal

the administrative load on both Amazon and TNC,

professional Kate Lowry, convened a group

and making it easier for interested Amazonians

of 40 summer associates, attorneys, and legal

to learn about new volunteer opportunities with

professionals from Amazon Legal and DLA Piper

TNC. This mechanism may serve as a model for

to research a complex set of issues related to

managing work with other pro bono partner

conservation easements and prepare a 50-state

organizations.

survey of the findings. This research is designed to support TNC’s commitment to protect conservation easement interests and allow TNC to proactively manage risk.

The pro bono initiatives with TNC dovetail with The Climate Pledge, Amazon’s commitment to reach net-zero carbon emissions by 2040 — 10 years ahead of the Paris Agreement.

Amazon Legal team members across the globe

“When we sent out an email to the Legal

support TNC on a wide range of issues, including

Department asking people to sign up for The

trademarks,

and

Nature Conservancy project, we got more

questions about entering a new jurisdiction. To

than 30 enthusiastic replies,” recalled Wax,

streamline the intake process, Lowry developed

demonstrating the department’s degree of

a mechanism for submitting and assigning new

interest in — and support for — TNC’s mission.

labor,

and

employment,

requests from TNC using a tool developed by the

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Reaching Out Globally


Pro bono opportunities for Amazonians know no bounds Amazon attorneys and legal professionals in Mexico and Canada help Ukrainian refugees successfully resettle in Poland and Austria. A senior attorney in Spain drives a project to support literacy in Africa. Legal team members in Dubai and Singapore pitch in on an initiative that benefits Europeans living with mental disabilities. Lawyers throughout Europe enthusiastically work on cases that seek to overturn wrongful convictions of prison inmates in the United States.

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Amazon makes pro bono opportunities available across the globe for lawyers and legal professionals no matter in what corner of the world they work. Legal team members can volunteer for projects taking place an ocean away — or closer to home. For example, Audible’s tiny but mighty Asia-Pacific legal team supports international law firm Ashurst on its Law Reform Project in Australia, preparing submissions and other documents that advocate for clients of community legal centers and local nonprofits. Most recently, the team worked on a research project aimed at making Australia’s criminal justice system more compassionate and responsive to children and young people who are survivors of sexual violence. “I am very pleased that we have created an Australiafocused pro bono program for our lawyers,” said Saori Horikawa, a Tokyo-based attorney for Audible APAC. “Although our contribution is a small piece to the overall mission, we are able to provide our natural attorney skills of research, writing, and advocacy to help people within our region.”

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Amazon legal team members based in dozens of countries all over the world volunteer their skills and time on pro bono projects. The impact of their work, however, is global.

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Celebrating Pro Bono


Pro Bono Week provides a venue for reflection and growth Amazon’s Pro Bono Week is an annual global effort to increase awareness of — and participation in — pro bono activities. Each year in late October, Amazon Legal hosts a range of events designed to encourage attorneys and legal professionals to get involved, including clinics, trainings, and presentations about the people and organizations the team supports. Pro Bono Week also is a time to applaud the people and partnerships behind the work through recognitions of those who have made significant contributions and keynote speeches from leaders in the pro bono community.

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“ We’ve established a truly global program through which members of our legal department throughout the world can meaningfully contribute year round to an increasingly wide range of pro bono causes, from wherever they may be located.

In addition to driving increased participation in pro bono, Pro Bono Week is a fantastic way for Amazonians to interact and work with others around the globe. “Like we did in other aspects of our lives, we made changes to Pro Bono Week — and our pro bono program as a whole — to accommodate remote work,” said James Cuneo, a member of Amazon’s pro bono executive committee who has helped plan Pro Bono Week activities for several years. “One benefit of going virtual is that it is now much easier for attorneys and legal professionals outside of Seattle to participate.” Sean Croman, another member of the pro bono executive committee and co-leader of Pro Bono Week, added: “We’ve always sought to make our pro bono engagement opportunities as globally inclusive and impactful as possible. We’ve established a truly global program through which members of our legal department throughout the world can meaningfully contribute year round to an increasingly wide range of pro bono causes, from wherever they may be located. Pro Bono Week is a chance to celebrate that work and drive continual engagement in pro bono.” A recent Pro Bono Week featured an appreciation concert from a Grammy-nominated musician. Each year, Pro Bono Week also includes an Amazon Legal fundraiser that benefits several pro bono partners. Fundraisers typically revolve around outdoor activities, like fun runs or friendly bike-or-hike distance challenges.

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AWA R D S

2022

• Defender of Innocence Award | Mid-Atlantic Innocence Project

2021

• Pro Bono Award, Corporate Legal Department | New Jersey State Bar Association | Awarded to Audible

2020

• Corporate Pro Bono Partner Award | Pro Bono Institute | For Mary’s Place legal clinic, award shared with K&L Gates LLP • Corporate Pro Bono Partner Award | Pro Bono Institute | For work with Kids in Need of Defense, award shared with Davis Wright Tremaine LLP • Corporate Pro Bono Mission Partner Award | The Veterans Consortium • Recognition for Pro Bono Work | New York Lawyers for Public Interest

2019

• Scales of Justice Award | Equal Justice Works • Innovation Award | Kids in Need of Defense

2018

• Community Service Award | ACLU Southern California | For Constitution Day presentations, awarded to Amazon Studios

2017

• Corporate Pro Bono Lawyers of the Year | Association of Corporate Counsel, Southern California Chapter | Awarded to Amazon Studios

AC K N O W L E D G M E N T The Amazon legal team wishes to give a special thank you to members of the Davis Wright Tremaine team for their significant time, support, and partnership in helping to create this pro bono report highlighting our global efforts. Davis Wright Tremaine also is one of many great partners in Amazon’s work to provide pro bono services to people and communities in need.

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