Page 1








VOLUME 101 . NO 3


Renewal time for the chapel—along with a lot more of the historic campus SPECIAL SECTION • THE FUQUA SCHOOL OF BUSINESS




“So much of what I have experienced in life has been related to Duke, either directly or indirectly,” said Dean Sue Wasiolek ’76, M.H.A. ’78, LL.M. ’93, assistant vice president for student affairs and dean of students.

Partnering with students to make a difference

In gratitude for Duke’s lifelong influence on her student experience and 37-year career, Dean Sue has made a bequest to support the Annual Fund, Duke Football, undergraduate financial aid, and student health and wellness. “It’s important that we all give back. It allows us to pay it forward, as others did for me.” YOUR INSPIRATION IS JUST THE STARTING POINT. No matter what inspires you to give back, our expert team can help you honor the memories, people, and places that matter to you. Smart charitable planning—at any giving level—may enable you to do more than you thought possible while propelling Duke forward. Contact us today to unleash your inner philanthropist.

OFFICE OF GIFT PLANNING (919) 681-0464 |



Autumn is a great time for alumni of all ages, as well as students, to engage, connect, and celebrate on campus. This year’s Homecoming weekend includes the Duke vs. Boston College football game, the Class of 2015 First Year Reunion, affinity group gatherings, and more!

DAA Volunteers: Don’t miss our Volunteer Leadership Conference on Friday, October 2


COVER: Illustration by Arlen Schumer

SPECIAL ISSUE 2015 | VOL. 101 | NO. 3





A new Trinity dean, Pulitzer honorees, and

a construction update



Sophomore golfers Leona and Lisa Maguire make their mark


18 32


Stories of struggle, humility, and triumph

Quiet Authority

Meet some lesser-known but influential campus figures Chris Hildreth



Alumni around the world


Courtesy Jennifer Farrell




The all-in-one passkey and debit card

Associated Press

XX p.41

FULLFRAME Up, up, and away: At the end of the East Campus Council’s Around Durham in 80 Ways event, attendees get a tethered hot-air balloon ride. Photo by Megan Mendenhall


LETTERS & COMMENTS Chapel identities



TY, BOX 90572 H CAROLINA 27708-0572





It never gets old Five stories about a fifth title

Re “Personal Space,” Summer 2015: In Duke’s official literature, the chapel is described as “an ecumenical Christian center” and “the center of religion at Duke.” Those two descriptions are in conflict.  A Christian center is built to honor Jesus Christ as Savior and Lord. No responsible Christian center would think it appropriate to provide worship space for religions that deny the central beliefs of Christianity—that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, that he died on a cross for the sins of the world, and that he physically arose from the grave on the first Easter morning. Just imagine the reaction of Roman Catholics today if the Pope were to open St. Peter’s in Rome to Muslim worship on Wednesdays, Hindu worship on Thursdays, and The chapel’s A student works Buddhist worship on many roles for justice Fridays. Members of the Duke community, whatever their religion, should have places of worship. But surely there are other buildings at Duke available for the use by non-Christian religions, other than the one built in the shape of the cross, dedicated to honoring Jesus Christ. Since there is a contradiction in the




official description of the chapel, Duke must decide whether the chapel will be an ecumenical Christian center or the center for religion at Duke.

William R. Bouknight ’62, M.Div. ’65  Columbia, South Carolina

As a Catholic attending Duke in the 1980s, my experience of the chapel was limited to the basement as a place of worship and, with the approach of graduation, baccalaureate and engineering ceremonies in the main chapel. Not once in four years did I ever consider the chapel as anything but the centerpiece of West Campus. It did not represent a spiritual place, nor a diversely religious place. The main chapel was a not a place in which I could celebrate Mass; it represented a place of exclusion for me and my fellow Catholics. The fellowship I experienced at Mass in the basement could have been re-created in any large gathering place on campus. Based on the article, for some the chapel stands as a symbol of Protestant Christianity, not Catholic, not Jewish, not Muslim, Hindu, or Buddhist. If it is to have a religious meaning, it is limited by what it is not. For me, the chapel is a secular symbol of the university, nothing more. Elizabeth Preston Brosnan B.S.E. ’86 Attleboro, Massachusetts A few weeks before the summer issue of Duke Magazine arrived in my mailbox, with the excellent article on Duke


DUKE MAGAZINE SPECIAL ISSUE 2015 | Vol. 101 | No. 3 EDITOR: Robert J. Bliwise A.M. ’88 MANAGING EDITOR: Adrienne Johnson Martin ASSOCIATE EDITOR: Louise Flynn CLAY FELKER MAGAZINE FELLOW: Elizabeth Van Brocklin ’11 STAFF ASSISTANT: Delecia Hatcher PUBLISHER: Sterly L. Wilder ’83, associate vice president, Alumni Affairs INTERNS: Ryan Hoerger ’16, Tim Lerow ’15, Madeline Taylor ’18 SPECIAL SECTIONS EDITOR: Louise Flynn DESIGN CONSULTANT: Lacey Chylack, phase5creative, inc. PRINTER: Progress Printing OFFICERS, DUKE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION: N. Shepard Moyle ’84, president, Sterly L. Wilder ’83, secretary-treasurer EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD: Lesley Jane Seymour ’78, chair, Peter Applebome ’71, Sarah Ball ’08, James Cannon Boyce ’87, Sarah Hardesty Bray ’72, James Burnett ’98, Jerrold K. Footlick, Robbyn Footlick ’85, Devin Gordon ’98, Kerry E. Hannon ’82, John Harwood ’78, Mangesh Hattikudur ’01, Sara Lipka ’01, Valerie A. May ’77, Michael Moore ’08, Will Pearson ’01, Steven Petrow ’78, Shaun Raviv ’01, Dan Riley ’08, Jim Rosenfield ’81, Jon Scher ’84, John Seigenthaler ’78, Elizabeth Spiers ’99, Fiona Spruill ’99, Greg Veis ’03, James O. Wilson ’74, Robert J. Bliwise A.M. ’88, secretary, Clay Felker ’51, founding chair DUKE MAGAZINE Box 90572, Durham, N.C. 27708 PHONE: (919) 684-5114 FAX: (919) 681-1659 E-MAIL: dukemag@duke. edu ADDRESS CHANGES: Alumni Records, Box 90581, Durham, N.C. 27708 or • © 2015 Duke University, Published five times a year by the Duke Alumni Association 4

Chapel, I was vacationing in Utah. On the third day of our trip, as we drove from Moab to the Navajo Nation in the southern part of the state, we were treated to a never-ending variety of rock formations. Every few minutes someone would point out the window, “Look, an ocean liner...there’s a brontosaurus...a Rolls-Royce...,” and so on. A bit randomly, I somewhere along the way found myself hoping for a formation that resembled Duke Chapel (as with any alumnus, I find the chapel embedded in my memory—doubly so because several significant events in my family were held there). No such formation appeared, however, and by the time we checked into our hotel in Monument Valley late that afternoon, I had forgotten my wish. I checked into my room and then walked onto the veranda. I gazed out to the desert and what to my startled eyes should appear but this sight. Kenneth Ross ’72 Los Angeles

When I read in the most recent issue of Duke Magazine about the controversy surrounding the proposed use of the chapel for an Islamic call to prayer, I recalled two earlier controversies focused on the chapel. The first emerged soon after the completion of Mr. Duke’s “great towering church” and the hiring of J. Foster Barnes, quickly nicknamed “Bishop,” to Photo Courtesy Kenneth Ross

develop a choir. The story goes that two names quickly emerged, Duke Cathedral and Duke Chapel. When Duke Cathedral was suggested, someone quickly noted that to have a cathedral, you have to have a bishop, because “a cathedral is

broadcast for Good Friday 1949 was made, no opposition emerged, and the broadcast went off smoothly and quietly. R. Bruce Pate ’51, B.D. ’54 Lake Junaluska, North Carolina

The message of perseverance against feelings of futility is a lesson to remember, not just for Ms. Jindal and her colleagues, but for us all. —Liz Riegel

the seat of a bishop.” Someone jokingly observed, “We have a bishop; he directs the choir.” Obviously Duke Chapel was chosen. The other, much more serious controversy emerged during the spring semester in 1948. I had just joined the Chapel Choir. A few weeks later we learned that Perry Como, one of the male icons of popular music and host of radio’s “Chesterfield Supper Club,” was to broadcast his Good Friday program from the chapel. An immediate cry emerged, opposing the plan. The main thrust of the opposition was the charge of “commercializing the chapel.” The controversy raged, particularly in the pages of The Chronicle, continuing until almost the eve of the broadcast. Then two things happened that squelched the outcry. The first came thanks to Como himself: The decision was made for the choir to robe as we would for morning worship. During one of the rehearsal breaks the afternoon before the broadcast, Myrtle Barnes, wife of the director, approached Como to fit him with a robe. He recoiled: “I can’t do that. I might offend someone. They might feel I’m acting like a choir member. I’m only a guest.” The other was a parody of Jesus’ parable of the Pharisees and the publican in the Gospel of Luke. The critics were portrayed as the Pharisee; Como, given his reticent attitude, the publican. The controversy was quelled. When the announcement for a return visit and

Much hoopla Re Sports, Summer 2015: The five national championships warm the heart of this alumnus. But as great as winning the big prize can be, for sheer fun and exuberance little can match the experience of following the little-heralded 1977-78 “forever’s team,” which finally fell in the national title game. That team featured two legitimate superstars (Gene Banks ’81, Mike Gminski ’80), a gritty Jersey City guard and team leader who squeezed brilliance out of his (some say) limited physical gifts (Jim Spanarkel ’79), and role players most don’t remember except for their eccentricity (Kenny Dennard ’81). Coach K hadn’t arrived yet. But I think Duke’s modern era started with that team, which came from nowhere to earn the love and respect of the national fan community through its unselfish play, big personality, and bigger heart. For the Duke community of that time, that oh-so-close taste of success set the table for the Coach K dynasty that followed. And experiencing that joy on campus primed all of us for a lifetime of cheering for Duke hoops. Steve Natko ’80, J.D. ’84 Westfield, New Jersey More trials ahead Thank you for your thoughtful and moving article [“The Legal Burden,” Summer 2015] about Jyoti Jindal and Derrick McRae. I correspond with a prisoner on death row here in North Carolina, so I DUKE MAGAZINE



deeply appreciate your portrayal of the heartbreak of Derrick McRae’s case. In the News & Observer and other publications, I read stories about people wrongly convicted who have their innocence finally proven and their freedom granted. I can’t recall ever reading a story that portrays what is probably far more common—cases where people seem to be wrongly convicted, but whose sentences stubbornly stand.  The message of perseverance against feelings of futility is a lesson to remember, not just for Ms. Jindal and her colleagues, but for us all. If you are still in touch with

Ms. Jindal, please tell her that her work and example are in my prayers. Liz Riegel ’89 Cary, North Carolina Alum affection With each edition of Duke Magazine, I am reminded of how much I love our university and how proud I am to be a graduate of it. What more could one ask for?    John Ladany ’79 Montclair, New Jersey


Beloved coach Coach Buehler’s class was one of my favorite courses at Duke [Update, Summer 2015]. I learned about history both at Duke and in the world—far beyond the pages of a textbook. He taught us how Duke and, specifically, Duke’s Wallace Wade Stadium played an important role in bringing people together during integration and Title IX. Coach is an extraordinary storyteller, and I am incredibly fortunate to have had the opportunity to take his “History and Issues of Sports” seminar my freshman year. Four years ago, he told our class that he would be “graduating” with us. Congratulations on your inspiring and record-breaking career, Coach! Thank you for sharing your stories and sixty years at Duke. Natalie Geisler ’15 Potomac, Maryland CORRECTIONS In “MOOCS for Duke,” a story in the Summer 2015 issue, we listed an incorrect e-mail address for the DAA’s Forever Learning newsletter. The correct address is In the same issue, the story about Duke Chapel mistakenly referred to a 1986 anti-apartheid protest; it was in May 1985.

Our JULY-AUGUST 1997 issue featured a profile of Rob Fisher ’74, exploring his work as a conductor, pianist, arranger, and musical director, and particularly his passion for researching original instrumental scores. Then, Fisher was being recognized for his work at the New York’s City Center Encores! concert series, a not-for-profit “people’s theater.” As founding music director of the series, he revived great American musicals from such legends as Kander and Ebb, Rodgers and Hart, Cole Porter, and Irving Berlin. He helped launch hit revivals of plays like Chicago; Promises, Promises; and Anything Goes. This year, Fisher adapted, arranged, and supervised the score for An American in Paris, an acclaimed new Broadway musical, nominated for twelve Tony Awards. During the June telecast, the show tallied four wins. In a glowing review, The New York Times said Fisher had shown “incomparable finesse” in his musical contributions to the show.


Finally, a number of readers complained about a glued-in advertisement—specifically the glue having bled through several pages, and so intruding on the reading experience. In the interest of cost-effective printing, the magazine has, over time, shifted to a thin paper stock; as both the editorial staff and the printer discovered with this most recent issue, that stock doesn’t ideally accommodate such an ad. We apologize for having delivered a sticky impression, and we promise the same effect won’t be repeated. SEND LETTERS TO: Box 90572, Durham, N.C. 27708 or e-mail Please limit letters to 300 words and include your full name, address, and class year or Duke affiliation. We reserve the right to edit for length and clarity. Owing to space constraints, we are unable to print all letters received. Published letters represent the range of responses received. For additional letters: www.dukemagazine. Les Todd

The big fix: Construction cones, yellow flags, and scaffolding. The restoration of Duke Chapel continues. (Read about other construction projects under way on page 14.)








Big data, big check Wrangling big data into usable form is arguably one of the top challenges facing researchers and educators. So, the $9.75 million in gifts and matching funds received this spring for the Information Initiative at Duke (iiD) was more than welcome. The amount includes two gifts totaling $6.67 million from an anonymous donor that was then matched by challenge funds from philanthropists Anne T. and Robert M. Bass. That’s because the iiD is a key part of the Information, Society, and Culture theme of Bass Connections, another Duke initiative, launched in 2013 with a $50 million gift from the Basses. Bass Connections encourages student and faculty collaboration across boundaries on global issues, a goal in line with the iiD’s aim of bringing together faculty members, graduate students, and undergraduates to make sense of big data so it may be used to tackle a wide range of issues. In the past two years, one iiD project included collaborations with Duke Medicine to deploy personalized health care. Another team is working to facilitate screening for autism and childhood mental disorders. The gifts will endow iiD professorships, graduate fellowships in engineering, and educational programs on data-driven problem-solving. They also will provide flexible funding for iiD to explore new teaching and research avenues.

$10M 8

Jason Smith

A nearly $10 million gift will endow programs aimed at problem-solving.

Trinity College gets a new leader

Valerie Ashby is known for her top-notch teaching and a commitment to diversity. The void left by the departure of the Trinity dean has been filled. On July 1, Valerie Sheares Ashby, a professor and chair of the chemistry department at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, took on the role, succeeding Laurie Patton, now serving as president of Middlebury College. A North Carolina native, Ashby joined the UNC-CH faculty in 2003 and became chair of the chemistry department in 2012, after serving as a faculty member at Iowa State University since 1995. At both schools, she earned a reputation as a first-rate teacher. Her research is in the area of synthetic polymer chemistry with a focus on designing and synthesizing material for biomedical applications. She holds eight patents. Ashby, who received both her Ph.D. and her bachelor of arts degree from UNC-CH, also has been an advocate for increasing diversity in higher education and helping underrepresented minority students get educational access. In that role, she’s mentored undergraduate and graduate students in various disciplines. She is also a consultant and adviser to the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health diversity programs. “Her commitment to a broad and diverse education for our students, and to identifying and nurturing an excellent faculty, is evident to all who have followed her career,” said provost Sally Kornbluth. “I look forward to her engagement across Duke.”

Jared Lazarus


Commencement moves downtown Centerfield was center stage for the Class of 2015.

Despite the change in venue to the Durham Bulls Athletic Park, Duke’s 163rd commencement still had the hallmarks of that great day: memorable speeches and proud parents. And of course, giddy graduates: More than 5,100 earned degrees, including thirty-two who were the first Duke Kunshan University students to receive Duke degrees. Paul Farmer ’82, the commencement speaker, encouraged graduates to be “open to serendipity and disappointments and to changing directions when circumstances call for it. Don’t hang on to narrow notions of success or to the anxieties that often accompany them.” Farmer is a founding director of the international nonprofit Partners In Health. Student speaker Andrew Kragie ’15 explored his notion

Big smiles: A selfie stick helps graduates capture their joy at the 2015 commencement.

of the “Blue Devil double vision,” an ability to “marry idealism and pragmatism. Duke has challenged us to see the world through two lenses at the same time, seeing the world as it is and as it might be.” Six honorary degrees were awarded as well. The recipients were France Cordova, director of the National Science Foundation; Renee Fleming, an opera singer and winner of the National Medal of Arts; Rakesh Jain, a pioneer in the fields of bioengineering and tumor biology; Harold Mooney, a plant ecologist; McCoy Tyner, a jazz pianist; and David Levin and Michael Feinberg, founders of the Knowledge Is Power Program.





Noose investigation resolved

Anonymous student apologizes and explains what happened.

It’s perhaps difficult to understand how so much turmoil could come from a moment of ignorance and bad judgment, and yet that sums up the explanation given by the Duke undergraduate who came forward and admitted he was responsible for the noose hung from a tree near the Bryan Center. In a letter to the Duke community, the student explained that the noose was “innocent fun,” a prop used in pictures he texted to friends inviting them to come and hang out, because it was a nice day. He forgot to discard the rope when he left the area. At the time, he was unaware of the historical meaning of a noose in the South, he wrote. Since then, he’s done some reading, picking up On the Courthouse Lawn: Confronting the Legacy of Lynching in the Twenty-first Century by Sherrilyn Ifill, a book that explores the relationship between decades-old lynchings and today’s racial violence. He ended his letter with an apology and a pledge of further learning. The student has received a sanc-

tion through the university conduct process and is eligible to return to campus for the fall semester. Law-enforcement officials have closed their investigations and will be taking no further action.

Two students earn national awards Honors meant to nurture future leaders in public service and the sciences

As they prepare for life after Duke, two rising seniors have earned notable scholarships aimed at helping them excel in their careers. Jay Ruckelshaus, an A.B. Duke Scholar from Indianapolis, was named

a 2015 Truman Scholar, an honor given to those likely to become public-service leaders. A political science and philosophy major, Ruckelshaus is involved in a wide array of university activities. Left paralyzed in both arms and legs after a diving accident the summer before his freshman year, he has been a national and local advocate around disability issues. He plans to use his Truman funding—up to $30,000 for graduate school— to study a combination of political theory, law, and public policy. Lindsey Brown was named a scholar by the Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Program for the 2015-16 academic year. She is a mathematics major and psychology and computer science minor from Midlothian, Virginia. She plans to pursue a Ph.D. in applied mathematics; Goldwater Scholars are chosen for their promise in math, the sciences, and engineering. Her award, up to $7,500, will go toward the cost of undergraduate tuition, books, fees, room, and board.

WHO’S COUNTING? Twin ring-tailed lemurs born at the Duke Lemur Center on May 4. Both are named Princess Julien after the animated King Julien XIII of Madagascar fame.

2 10


High-school seniors chosen to receive this year’s

Angier B. Duke Memorial Scholarships.


Perfect score registered by nine Duke varsity athletics programs in the 2010-14 Academic Progress Report data released by the NCAA.



| Richard H. Brodhead

BOOKBAG Chris Hildreth

Powered by philanthropy



Ray Walker

and Wallace Wade Stadium. These projects all have been recently had the opportunity to meet two remarkable made possible through the generosity of Duke’s supporters. individuals: Larry Hester, who last fall became the seventh person in America to have a bionic eye implantAs the campaign is creating new spaces and facilities, ed, and Paul Hahn, the retinal surgeon who implantit also is enabling innovations in our model of education. ed this device at the Duke Eye Center. This technology The universities that will be considered great, a generation originally was developed at Duke, and it was enhanced from now, are the ones that are seriously asking themselves and marketed by a company called Second Sight Medical this question: What will the future need from an educated Products, cofounded by Robert Greenberg B.S.E.E. ’90. person? At Duke, we believe the answer will include the This story exemplifies the power of the university at ability to connect ideas from different domains of knowledge, the ability to generate creative solutions to real-world work: the power of education, the power of discovery, and problems, and the ability to work in teams. the power to transform lives. Greenberg pursued a double-major at Duke in biomedical engineering and electriThese have long been Duke strengths, but new gifts cal engineering, sparking a lifelong curiosity about applyhave enabled us to give new focus to these educational ing electrical engineering to medical problems. Hahn is an goals. The Bass Connections program, established with a eye surgeon who has embraced innovative technology as $50 million gift from Anne and Bob Bass, is creating a a way to improve the lives of panew, problem-based curriculum tients. And Hester, blind from retto supplement the traditional, initis pigmentosa for the last thirty discipline-based model, drawing years, can now see light and make faculty members and students out shapes. from across Duke’s schools into And what gives the university the research teams to explore our power to keep advancing with our world’s most daunting challenges: distinctive mission? The answer is, health care, energy, education and in no small part, philanthropy. human development, the proliferation of information, and more. Duke was founded by a meeting Gifts from David Rubenstein ’70 of the minds between a person of and others to our Innovation and educational vision and a person Entrepreneurship program are ofwith the means and inclination to fering Dukies across the universiinvest in that vision. Since James ty the chance to learn how to enB. Duke helped President William vision and implement new ways Preston Few lift Trinity College to meet human needs. into Duke University, philan- Dividends from Duke Forward: A multiyear thropy has given us the means to West Campus makeover. Most important, the campaign reach beyond what we’ve already is investing in Duke’s greatest asset—our people. The campaign is strengthening our abilachieved toward higher realizations of our potential. ity to attract the great teachers and researchers to our facThe Duke Forward fundraising campaign launched in ulty who will keep Duke an exciting place to learn. And 2012. As of June 2015, after another record-breaking year, the campaign is ensuring that we can continue to open we have raised almost $2.68 billion toward our $3.25 billion goal. With two years remaining, it is worth taking Duke’s doors to the very best students. Recognizing that stock of what the campaign has made possible. talent comes from every sector of our society, Duke admits At the moment, the most visible proof of the campaign undergraduates without regard to their family’s ability to at work is the construction boom on campus. Cranes loom pay. Need-based financial aid is a costly commitment, but over West Campus; buildings are decked with scaffolding. it is essential to Duke’s continued excellence. Through our Duke has not seen so much construction activity at one fundraising campaign, we are working to put permanent time since West Campus was built in the late 1920s. endowment support under our commitment to opportunity and access. Baldwin Auditorium, the first major project to be completed, gave Duke a world-class venue for musical perforThe power of the university lies in helping people develop their capacities to the fullest and in pressing from mance and won a major award for historic preservation. inquiry to discovery, advancing new knowledge and proNow this distinctive approach—maintaining the historic ducing profound benefits for human life. Thanks to the outside while radically re-envisioning the inside—has loyalty and generosity of Duke’s alumni and friends, that moved to West Campus, where similar transformations power will continue to grow for generations to come. n will be wrought inside Perkins Library, the West Union, DUKE MAGAZINE




BOOKBAG WRITING 101: Learning to Fail

THE CATALYST: Aaron Dinin ’05 graduated from Duke with an English major and a published novel to his name but had trouble turning that skill set into a career. To adapt, he taught himself coding and learned the back end of the Internet through Web development jobs, eventually moving back to Durham as the founder of a start-up called RocketBolt. Armed with a Ph.D. in English, a decade of experience, and the realization that conventional classroom learning does not adequately prepare students to recover from inevitable failures, he stepped back on campus to fill that void. THE GIST: Dinin views strong writing as a key to success and a critical component of avoiding communication failures. He challenged students in the freshman seminar to create blogs and fill them with content that would connect with an audience, working with them to understand and adjust the errors in their plans of attack. “You learn what you did wrong, and then you iterate, and you try to get back toward that success,” says Dinin. “Don’t worry about it not working out—worry about it taking you two months to figure out that it didn’t work out.” ASSIGNMENT LIST: The class split into two six-student teams to choose blog topics and divide the work. Functioning like a start-up, the teams assigned roles, developed social-media and public-relations strategies, and posted regular blog content to develop a brand and drive traffic to the website in pursuit of 1 million views. The most popular blog reached a few thousand


people, but Dinin does not equate popularity with success. “The topic [the other group] chose was not as easy to drive and build an audience around, so they had this whole learning process about, ‘Oh my gosh, what you think people would be interested in reading every day is totally not the case at all.’ It’s much harder to find that.” THE TWIST: 1 million visitors in four months. That was the target Dinin set for the blogs at the first class meeting, a goal he knew his students would fail to achieve. “I even tried to convince them in the course description on ACES when they signed up that this is impossible,” he says. “I don’t think they started grasping the impossibility until maybe three weeks in.” There were a few tense weeks as students coped with the reality that they would fall well short, but true to Dinin’s philosophy of experiential learning, surpassing the readership threshold was never a factor in students’ grades. WHAT YOU MISSED: Dinin had to devise a lesson plan for 10:05 a.m. on April 7, the day after students celebrated Duke basketball’s national championship victory in Indianapolis well into the morning. To illustrate rejection therapy—in which participants immunize themselves to being turned down and overcome the fear of failure—he sent his class to Ninth Street eateries and told them to ask for a menu item for free. To his surprise, the majority of the class did not return empty-handed; some students walked back with free bagels, others with free coffee. “It was this great lesson that not only did it not hurt you if they said no, but a lot of times those people said yes,” Dinin says. “It was from asking and recognizing that, again, the worst possible outcome wasn’t failing, it was that they had never done it.” –Ryan Hoerger

Three earn Pulitzer Prize recognition Elizabeth Fenn, Kevin Sack, and Thomas Brothers wrote acclaimed works. When the winners of the Pulitzer Prizes were announced this past spring, there were three reasons to cheer: Elizabeth Fenn ’81 earned an honor in the history category, Kevin Sack ’81 won as part of a team from The New York Times honored for international reporting on the Ebola epidemic, and professor of music Thomas Brothers was a finalist in the biography or autobiography category. Brothers earned the spot for his acclaimed book Louis Armstrong: Master of Modernism, which tells the jazz musician’s story during his creatively fertile years, the 1920s and ’30s. Brothers has taught at Duke since 1991. Sack, a two-time Pulitzer winner and a member of the Times’ investigative staff, interviewed many of the early responders from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, the city where he’s based. He also wove together, from the team’s reporting, the story of Thomas Eric Duncan, the Liberian man who died of the disease at a Dallas hospital. Encounters at the Heart of the World: A History of the Mandan People was a decade-long effort for Fenn. The book explores the history of the Plains Indian tribe that Lewis and Clark stayed with in the winter of 1804-05 in what is now North Dakota. It tells how the arrival of Europeans in the West proved disastrous for the Native Americans. Now an associate professor of history at the University of Colorado at Boulder, Fenn was a history professor at Duke for ten years. She is married to historian and Duke professor emeritus Peter Wood.

High praise and highly honored

Nathaniel Mackey’s jazz-inflected poetry lands him in distinguished company.

AMONG OTHER PRAISE, the judges described Nathaniel Mackey’s work as “one of the most important poetic achievements of our time.” That’s among the reasons the Reynolds Price Professor of creative writing won the prestigious 2015 Bollingen Prize for American Poetry. The prize, established in 1948, is awarded biennially by Yale University Library to an American poet for the best book published during the previous two years or

8 34 9

for lifetime achievement in poetry. Previous winners include writers who have shaped American letters, among them Ezra Pound, e.e. cummings, Marianne Moore, Wallace Stevens, Adrienne Rich, and current U.S. poet laureate Charles Wright. This isn’t Mackey’s first honor. He has received the National Book Award, the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize, and a Guggenheim Fellowship, among others. The Bollingen Prize comes with a cash award of $150,000.

“Nathaniel Mackey’s Long Song” is a multimedia package about the man and his poetry. Visit Enter the search term: Taking Note Varied tempos: Above, Mackey reads from his poems, accompanied by bassist Vattel Cherry, at the Nasher. Below, the professor teaches a writing workshop.





CHATTER “Hybridization is one of the overlooked but clearly very, very important causes of species’ going extinct. Hybridization is a major problem. It comes from our moving species around, it comes from our changing habitat.”

Sprucing up the place

Construction projects pepper the campus.

-STUART PIMM, professor of conservation ecology, on species interbreeding to survive climate change (PRI)

Summertime and the construction continues. Besides the restoration of Duke Chapel, scheduled to last through April 2016, several other projects will be taking place around campus. Work begins on the new 72,000-squarefoot student health and wellness center at Union Drive and Towerview Road. When it’s done, the building will have offices, therapy rooms, exam rooms, educational spaces, a pharmacy, and gardens. The hoped-for completion date is November 2016. The East Union Marketplace’s renovations include the relocation of the Duke Stores to the old computer cluster area off the courtyard in Brown Residence Hall. Classrooms will be created for the first-year Focus Program. Duke Dining will expand storage and move a food kiosk from the lobby to the dining space. New skylights will allow for more natural light, and additional seating will be installed. Expected completion

“It is shameful when we cannot call the person we love to say ‘happy birthday’ without the fear that someone is listening and recording our words, and that there may come a day when people we have never met but who know everything about us can brutally use our own words against us. If there was ever a time to take a stand it is now, it is always now.” -ARIEL DORFMAN, professor of literature and Latin American studies, on long-term effects of government surveillance in Chile (LA Times)

“It will force an interesting conversation about—if this is really Atticus—what have our own desires done to the character, and what is the literary truth?” KARLA FC HOLLOWAY, professor of English and law, on the release of Harper Lee’s novel Go Set a Watchman and its portrayal of the crusading lawyer of To Kill a Mockingbird (The New York Times)

“The encounter I had with the police tonight…guns drawn, yelling, no questions asked.... What’s really going on?” -NOLAN SMITH ’11, former Duke basketball player, tweeting about being pulled over by Durham police in late May Les Todd 14

date: August. The 1C building on Edens Quad will gain a new glass entry. Gaming and study rooms will be added. The 2C building will get a new fitness area, with glass doors opening onto a patio. Other changes will open up spaces and enhance the walkway. There’s an expected completion date of October. The athletic campus upgrade continues (and is expected to continue through August 2016) with Wallace Wade Stadium getting new stadium seats, a lower field, and a state-of-the-art scoreboard. This summer, Cameron Indoor Stadium gets a new double-height south entry lobby and hospitality space, including a memorabilia display and ticket-operations space. The Scott Family Pavilion will be built south of Cameron, adjacent to the Murray Building. It will serve as a training site for Olympic sports and will provide additional space for staff and operations.

DONE! Duke Stormwater Reclamation Pond |

The pond will supply water to Duke’s chilled water plants, which help cool buildings on campus. Conceived after Durham’s 2007 drought, it will help Duke reduce its dependence on city water, reduce the university’s potable water consumption, and help manage storm water flow.


acres covered


feet at its deepest point


types of trees will grow around the pond


gallons of potable water will be saved annually





Better Together


By Tim Lerow ’15


Photography by Jon Gardiner

Top Irish sophomore golfers Leona and Lisa Maguire arrive at Duke seasoned beyond their years.


n late September 2006, as one of the most venerated events in professional golf drew to a close, a pair of elevenyear-olds were on hand to help present the trophy. Clad in the tricolors of the host country—their native Ireland— Leona and Lisa Maguire walked on stage to deliver the Ryder Cup to the winning European team. By then, the identical twins also were accustomed to hoisting their own trophies on golf courses. The month before the 2006 Ryder Cup, Lisa had captured the prestigious World Under-12 Championship at Pinehurst, with sister Leona placing third. Already boasting single-digit handicaps, the Maguires received amateur invites to their first professional tournament the following year. It would be the beginning of a dominant, record-setting stretch on the European junior and amateur circuits for the Maguires, with the twins regularly vying with each other atop the leaderboard—and leaving behind fields with competitors often twice their age. In 2009, Lisa and Leona propelled Ireland to victory in the European Girls Team Championship, the first in the nation’s history. At fifteen, they were the youngest players ever to represent Great Britain and Ireland in the Curtis Cup, widely considered the premier event in women’s amateur golf. As they neared the completion of their secondary education, the Maguires were faced with the decision to join the pro ranks or to play collegiate golf together in the U.S. Drawn to Duke’s academics and the opportunity to groom their games under the tutelage of head coach Dan Brooks, they entered a program that has won six national championships, including last year’s title. It was a decision supported by Lisa and Leona’s parents, both schoolteachers. “You can play on tour for so many years,” Lisa says. “You can only go to college for four.” Now rising sophomores, the Maguire twins admit that it’s been a big transition coming to America from Ireland and that they’ve had to adjust to the courses, weather, and pace of play in their first year of collegiate golf. One thing that hasn’t changed as much is the competition. Currently, 26 percent of NCAA Division I women’s golfers come from outside the U.S. (The Duke team is an all-international squad, with players from France, Canada, India, China, South Korea, and now, Ireland.) “A lot of the European girls that we’re playing against now that are juniors and seniors, we’ve already played against them back in Europe in juniors golf. So it’s not as big of a leap,” Leona says. Support from back home also has eased the twins’ move across the Atlantic. The Maguires hail from County Cavan, two hours north of Dublin, in a small town that Lisa describes as a “country-like village where everyone knows everybody.” Slieve Russell, the Maguires’ local golf club, takes every opportunity to publicize the twins’ progress in the U.S. Leading Irish dailies recap their every collegiate tournament. The attention is well deserved given the impact the Maguires have had at Duke. Leona was voted National Player of the Year, 16

won the ACC Championship, and was voted both the ACC Women’s Golfer of the Year and Freshman of the Year. While Lisa has spent much of the past season making adjustments to her swing, she’s a key contributor to the team. The Maguires consider themselves lucky to have a permanent practice partner and a close rival to measure their progress against. “No matter what we do, we’ll always be compared to one another,” Lisa says. “I think you can look at it two different ways. There definitely comes the extra pressure with [being a twin], but if you use it the right way, it can do more good than harm.” By all accounts, they’re doing just that. Coach Brooks commends their “quiet, patient approach to the game,” example-setting work ethic, and compatible dynamic as siblings. “There’s definitely an element of competitiveness between them, but I hear about it more than I actually see it,” Brooks says. “They don’t argue. I’ve never seen them have a tiff. The two of CAVAN CONNECTION: them are very warm sisters.” After Leona picked up her It’s a dynamic that their first collegiate win in March, teammates at Duke have come one Cavan local tweeted, to appreciate as well. Team cap“There won’t be any cows tain and former National Player milked @Slieverussell of the Year, rising senior Celine tonight. Congratulations Boutier, competed both with to Leona Maguire on her vicand against the Maguire sisters tory.” It’s a play on a classic in several amateur events in commentator’s Europe. She remembers being call in Gaelic impressed by their quiet confootball history. fidence, uncanny poise, and exceptional golf games. Boutier, who has a twin sister herself, insists that Lisa and Leona have something different in their relationship. “It’s refreshing really. It’s almost odd when you see one not with the other.” While they’re often split up for practice rounds, they room together at Duke and are both prospective psychology majors, which likely means a lot of classes together. That can be tricky for peers and professors meeting the twins for the first time, even though Lisa claims that they looked more alike when they were younger—when even their mother had to occasionally write their names on the backs of photos. “When people first meet us, they can’t tell the difference at all and think it’s impossible,” Leona says. “Once they get to know us and our personalities, they say they don’t know how they ever confused us.” Down the road, Lisa and Leona have aspirations of playing on the LPGA Tour together. But for now, with the remaining three years they have in Durham, the twins are focused on continuing Duke’s unmatched legacy in women’s golf. “It’s always special when you walk into the golf center and on the right is the trophy room, and you see the national championship trophies just lined up,” Leona says. “There’s space in there for a few more.” n

Lucky Break: The Maguires were fortuitously introduced to golf at the age of nine. When Lisa, left, sustained an elbow injury, they began considering alternatives to competitive swimming. A local golf course was enough to get them out of the pool. “We would go out with our dad, and bit by bit, we got more hooked,” Leona, right, says.

Telepathic? “There might be a certain element, but I don’t know if I believe it completely,” Lisa says. “Maybe it’s just that we know each other that well.”

Mistaken Identity:“The first week it was tough,” Coach Brooks says, on distinguishing the sisters. “I still get it wrong occasionally when I see them at an angle.”

Big Distinction: Lisa is left-handed but plays golf right-handed (an advantage, according to Coach Brooks, who shares the trait). In birth order, Lisa is fifteen minutes older than Leona.

Individual Strengths: Leona: Off the tee, iron play. Lisa: Putting, short game.

PW Great stories have sticking

power. Certain books stick with me, and I stick with them; I keep them constantly handy. One of them, still around after all these years, has a bold green-and-yellow cover with the words “The Definitive Text.” That’s James Joyce’s A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, and for me, it was definitive in revealing the surprising potential of storytelling. Portrait presented a coming-of-age tale just as I, more or less, was coming of age. This was the education of Stephen Dedalus. But what profound milestones, what vexing circumstances, what consciousness-shaping themes, defined that education: family, faith, rebellion, flight, and, of course, art and the sometimes isolating work of the artist. Very big things indeed. And beyond the contours of the tale, there was the artistry of Joyce’s language—meandering and sentimental in some places, sharpedged and forceful in others. Consider the opening lines of Portrait: “Once


WR upon a time and a very good time it was there was a moocow coming down along the road and this moocow that was coming down along the road met a nicens little boy named baby tuckoo.” I just fell in love with those lines—somehow at once innocent and knowing, and just as funny as anything. There’s a lot that’s innocent, knowing, and revealing in the essays that populate this issue. They provide a reminder of the many varieties of power and of the many avenues into power—spreading a political protest, photographing a disaster, contemplating a memorial, performing a dance, teaching a history class, interacting with a patient, making a meaningful fashion choice, and more. Just maybe, the effect is what Dedalus, as channeled by Joyce, calls “a thoughtenchanted silence.” The silent act of reading can be powerful. So go ahead and feel the power. –Robert J. Bliwise, editor





Traveling grace

Sometimes privilege dictates how far you can go. | By Andrea Patiño Contreras


afiq and I say goodbye and part ways early in the morning. The night before, the two of us, along with a few Palestinian and American friends, had been telling stories of the places we come from as we listened to the beautiful music of a spontaneously born five-man band. We were in Birzeit, a small Palestinian university town. I had traveled to the West Bank as part of a team of college students working on a documentary project for a local nonprofit organization in Nablus, a small city thirty miles north of Birzeit. A group of Palestinian college students, including Rafiq, had been working with us on the project as translators, and after a few weeks our professional relationships had inevitably transformed into friendships. That night we were all in Birzeit, hanging out and taking a break from work before continuing our trip into Jerusalem the following morning. But not all of us would travel. The next morning all Palestinians would return to Nablus, while all non-Palestinians would continue to the old city. I distinctly remember Rafiq’s look at the moment of separation: a mix of disappointment, sadness, and helplessness. I could tell he wanted to come along so badly. After all, Jerusalem is only twenty miles south, less than an hour’s drive. But like all the other Palestinians in the group, Rafiq was not allowed to visit the city without being granted permission in advance from the Israeli military. I have been privileged to travel to places I never would have imagined I would visit. From studying abroad in Belgium and Ghana, or working in Malawi and Palestine, traveling has enriched the way I view the world. Even when I encounter situations or people I fundamentally disagree with—like the Ghanaian Pentecostal preacher who hosted me once—it has helped me to better understand them and to better understand myself. Bearing witness to how other people live their lives in distant places opens a door into our most noticeable differences but also into our shared humanity. But in many ways, I can relate to Rafiq’s feelings that morning. As a Colombian citizen, I find my ability and desire to move around the world are often questioned. During the late 1980s and early ’90s, being Colombian

Couretesy Andrea Patiño Contrereas

was equated with drugs and crime. And although things are different today, my passport still carries much of that history and weight. I often need a visa before traveling, which means filling in dull forms, dealing with bureaucracy, and paying expensive fees. Occasionally, I have to ask a friend of a friend to write me a letter of invitation to their country, which requires them to go to a police station to show their residency status, birth certificate, and mortgage—a number of senseless actions, all to prove that I’m worthy of visiting a place. Though I have learned to navigate the system, when a consulate employee tells me I have no reason to visit his country or the one time I was denied a visa, I can’t help but feel “othered” and humiliated. And there are so many whose nationalities won’t even allow them the opportunity to leave their borders. Passport Index is a website that ranks passports by the number of countries a citizen can visit without a visa. The American and British passports are tied at first place; the Colombian ranks 56; the Palestinian at 80, the last place. Browsing through the list, one can easily— and unsurprisingly—notice a pattern that reveals our global order and much of our recent history. Powerful and wealthy countries, many of which are former colonial powers, are at the top of the list. Poor and developing countries, most of them former colonies, are at the bottom. That morning I continued the trip from Birzeit to Jerusalem thinking about Rafiq and what it meant for me to continue traveling and for him to stay behind. It was a reminder that even though my nationality limits my mobility, I shouldn’t take for granted the privileges I do enjoy, and it put into perspective my experience as a traveler. Exploring the world is one of the most empowering and formative experiences I have ever had. But that experience doesn’t inhabit a vacuum. It is permeated by global power and politics—the politics that allowed me to continue and forced Rafiq to go back. n Patiño Contreras ’12 is a visual journalist who has lived and worked in different countries and who is deeply interested in questions of global mobility. She is pursuing a graduate degree at UNC-Chapel Hill’s School of Journalism and Mass Communication.




Body wisdom and life lessons Overcoming resistance is a great leap forward. | By Andrea E. Woods ValdĂŠs


have a black-and-white photo of me my father took during a childhood ballet class. Dad was an artist and an electrical engineer, a self-actualized man who encouraged artistic and academic expression. A man of few words, he was and is the beacon for my creative path that claims the world as my home. In ballet class, I was learning that the body could become a source of wisdom and strength. No one could take these moments away from me or ask me to do less. Dance class was the place where I could conjure something from within and expose my vulnerabilities without fear or trepidation. There I was in pink tights, a black leotard, and pink ballet slippers I could never keep clean. My tights were always smeared with rosin or dust from the floor, and my hair was in ponytails, not a bun. Nonetheless, I felt pretty and correct and usually unconcerned with anything, except the dancing and the music. My teacher, Jean, emphasized how our gaze and the angle of the head accompanied everything. We were involved in our image in the mirror, but we knew there was a world around us. The studio was small, but it housed a galaxy of imagined gardens, waterfalls, forests, skylines, deserts, and seas. I imagined myself as part of a landscape that never ended. My arm moved through the wind and encapsulated a field of tulips. We jumped over puddles and logs, propelling our bodies higher and higher into the heavens. I belonged to myself, and I belonged to the world. Unleashing body wisdom, wielding it like a sword and a shield, dance training is like internal fencing, although the resulting image is ethereal, ephemeral, and abstract. Scisonne is part of the canon of jumps in elementary ballet. The rules: Take off from two feet, land on one. But pushing from two feet with force and landing on the correct foot is like a mental-physical tongue twister that has to resolve itself in the split second before you return to Earth. I never liked being singled out for special help in ballet class. I preferred to problem-solve on my own, watch and see how it was done, or play the movement like a film in my head, knowing the image would transfer into action. But this scisonne thing was eluding me.


I could not do it. It began to be a mental exercise more than a physical one. After several attempts of telling my body to do something and feeling it revolt, scisonne also became an emotional exercise full of anxiety and a new sensation—personal defeat. Still, I could face the anxiety and defeat time and time again because I was convinced I was going somewhere important. I knew my body was resisting because it was confused. Even with demonstrations and explanations of the correct technique, I was not making the motor connections and weight shifts. It was like confusing a layup with a jump shot at the moment of takeoff. It was obvious to everyone else, but I was at the mercy of an internal body-versus-mind struggle. Nothing would be accomplished as long as the two were at odds. When the jump finally happened, I was in the studio next to the record player and across from the large picture window that allowed us to blend into the avenue traffic, trolley cars, and people below. Jean cheered my breakthrough. The true satisfaction was in the release. I had managed to let go of dynamic energy and to coordinate and sculpt it into something sharp and specific. In that moment, I learned that my thoughts and actions were intrinsically linked and not separate from the world around me. After more than forty years, dance has shaped my worldview and become so much more to me. My work is filled with images of social issues and history. I use it to affirm beauty and change despite injustices that might harden me. I cannot work in the studio and not be aware of hostility directed at the African-American community and the human family at large. I look deeper at the micro lesson to extract the larger applicable life lesson that holds so much meaning in this moment. Through dance, I learned perseverance in the face of resistance. I insist on change, not in the abstract, but directed and purposeful change. I hold on to the belief that a split second of directed thought and action can make our destiny leap toward being less hostile and more human. n Woods ValdÊs is an associate professor of dance. She performs, choreographs, and teaches folklore through contemporary dance.

Courtesy Andrea Woods Valdés

Alfonso Holston




Beryl and the stallion A short story by Megan Mayhew Bergman A.M. ’ 07 But this girl, who is to my knowledge very unpleasant and we might even say a high-grade bitch, can write rings around all of us.


—Ernest Hemingway, on Beryl Markham

he sun was setting over Lake Nakuru, peering through lavender clouds to leave a golden trail across the water. Beryl leaned against the brick wall of the stable to watch the lake. The horses were munching their hay, and later she’d groom the filly. Or maybe she’d ride the stallion out for the first time, the one she’d gotten for nothing at auction a few weeks ago, the one with the perfect bloodline. The one who’d killed a man with his hooves and teeth in the corner of a stall in Nairobi. If the filly was her favorite, the stallion was her hope. She ignored his name because she would give him a new one. She’d give him a new life. He would be reborn into glory on the track, and the customers would line up at her door. Why don’t you ride him already? she chided herself. You know you can do it. You’ll have to do it if you want to make your money back, and God knows you need money. Her servant and friend Kibii, whom she’d known all her life, told a client yesterday, “Memsahib is fearless. She’s been riding racehorses since she was eleven.” True, she’d been raised in Nairobi by a father who raced Thoroughbreds, managed a troubled farm, and forgot her birthday. True, a horse had picked her up in his mouth when she was seven and thrown her; she still had the purple scar on her neck. She could throw a spear like the Nandi. She could hunt. She rode a half-broken motorcycle over the vacant, muddy road from Nakuru to Nairobi when she got lonely, after dark, when you could hear the lions. Once, when she had to pee, an elephant rose from the dark brush and startled her; she ran back to the motorcycle with her wet pants not entirely up. “You didn’t stand down the elephant?” Kibii asked when she told him, feigning disbelief. “I’m brave,” she said. “Not an imbecile.” She poured herself a glass of wine, measuring it because the bottle had to last a week. A week without guests. She went back to leaning against the stable. She sipped the wine and watched enormous, salmon-colored clouds of flamingos drag their overturned heads across the muddy shallows of Nakuru. Deafening birdlife meant a constant stream of shit on the racetrack, but her horses were too well trained to stop and smell it, or lick at it the way her dogs did.




I want to be alone when I turn the stallion out, she thought, looking for his proud head over the stall door. I want him to know me as his master, his alpha and omega. She drank more wine, eyes back on the sunset. She could see the silhouettes of water buffalo grazing by the lake, followed, she knew, by clouds of blackflies and the threat of river blindness. She knew a stable boy who’d poured boiling water down his back to relieve itching caused by the flies. One bite from a fly like that on the stallion’s belly and she’d be thrown and broken, left for dead in the ring. Have I had lunch? she wondered, touching her flat stomach. No, she had not. Might as well do it now and call it dinner. Recently divorced and broke, she lived alone in a small white canvas tent underneath the racetrack stands. Her bed was covered in zebra skin. She kept tins of beans next to bottles of wine and boxes of biscuits in a trunk that had once belonged to her father. She never ate much. Meager eating was good for keeping her figure, and her figure was an asset, on a horse and in the bedroom. She wanted to look good in clothes and out of them. Cross-legged on the ground, she speared the beans with her fork and took increasingly quick bites. Today is the day to ride the stallion, she thought, and the light won’t last forever. She stood up and brushed off her legs. She locked up the dogs. She pulled her hair away from her face. She took her riding crop from the corner of the tent. She’d always been a cruel person, she knew that, and today it was in her favor. Savage practicality and courage had been bred into her, and facing down a beast of a horse in the last hour of light, she could use that. “Beryl is easily bored,” people said. It was true. She was hungry to feel something every day, and fear is what she felt pulling open the stall door. She relished the feeling, the goose pimples on her arms, her heightened sense of awareness. Her singular focus. I will have you, she thought, locking eyes with the regal horse. The stallion was enormous, seventeen hands high. She could sense the energy he’d built up behind the stall door. She led him to the crossties and put on his tack, carefully, firmly. He swung


his head toward her, and she met his face with her elbow. He did it again, and again she met him with her elbow. He balked at the bit and began to pull back, but she waited him out, pressing her thumb into the corner of his mouth, and got it in. She led him to the ring, careful not to look back, not to show fear. She was the leader, and he should follow. She walked the ring, then had him canter, and trot. His muscles excited her. They showed potential. They would make her a winner. Holding on to his lead line, she walked closer to his face. “Back up,” she said. He didn’t. She pressed his broad chest until he moved. “Back up.” She leaned into his back legs to make one cross over the other, the way his mother would have done in the paddock when he was young. “You’re stronger than I am,” she said calmly. “But I’m more determined than you. Throw me, and I’ll get back on. I’ll whip you raw.” They could say what they wanted to about her in town. They could say she was a bad wife, too young. They could say she was cruel. She had a stable all to herself in the evenings, and wasn’t that better than watching your sad sack of a husband drink himself stupid, fighting him off because you didn’t want to sleep with a flaccid, unshowered maniac? Yes. The empty stable was better, even if it meant being unable to buy new clothes. Even if it meant buying your own horses, the dangerous ones you could afford. The ones who’d been passed over, written off. Don’t let your mind wander, she reminded herself. Not even for a second. She led the stallion to the mounting block. He shifted as she gripped his mane and swung her leg over him. What man would ever be more exciting than this? she thought, squeezing the horse between her strong thighs. “You will respect me,” she said, as he began to turn without her cue. His body stiffened and his head began to dip. He was going to try to throw her, she could feel it. This battle of wills was real and she would win. She would give herself fully. This moment was falling in love. n From Almost Famous Women: Stories by Megan Mayhew Bergman. Copyright © 2015 by Megan Mayhew Bergman. Reprinted by permission of Scribner, a Division of Simon & Schuster Inc.

An imperfect science

A doctor can not promise what can not be known. | By Oren Gottfried


he knowledge of my limited power became clear to me early in my career, and I recognize it each time I treat a person who has sustained an acute trauma that causes a spinal fracture and sadly, a spinal-cord injury. I walk to the emergency department or intensive-care unit bed to meet the patient, who may be only minutes or hours from an awful fall, an accident, or some other trauma, and I am ready for the worst, knowing only the victim’s medical-record number, basic story, and CT scan findings. I prepare a game plan and think about what I will discuss. I try to imagine what the patient and family are going through. I quickly obtain a history and perform an exam. The patient and family eagerly and nervously wait for me to say anything that pertains to a cure, or a treatment, or a prognosis. I can see in their eyes and in their expressions what they really want me to say: Everything is going to be all right. I’ll do this and that and another thing, the spine and spinal cord will be fixed, and you will walk out of the hospital. I efficiently but thoroughly review the extent of the damage, exploring the surgical and medical options, including surgery to stabilize the unstable spinal structures with rods and screws and the removal of bony structures pinning into the spinal cord. And then I admit I can’t fix the injured, struggling spinal cord. Before my words are registered and processed, the person (or loved one) asks, “But will I walk again?” That question never fails to grab me. I hear it in every communication before and after surgery. Its duration depends on the patient’s ability to comprehend the role of science, their denial, and their faith in the natural healing process. My answer is always the same: “I don’t know.” My review of the imaging, my vision of the spine at surgery, and my observations of recovery of some sensation or strength after surgery may help me formulate better odds with time. But honestly, I don’t know. Odds don’t make people heal more quickly, but a positive attitude may. I hope for a miracle just like


the family does. For me, a miracle means one’s ability to defy the odds of what the medical literature says the past 10,000 patients in the same situation did. I believe outliers exist in all spheres, and I believe there is more to healing than science. I have treated people who appear to have a complete injury of the spinal cord with no residual function and yet who recover. I cannot promise something I don’t know, and there isn’t a test to prove who will be lucky or who won’t. In truth, neither I, nor any other spine surgeon, currently can repair the injured one-centimeter-wide tube that carries all signals between the brain and the body. I cannot empower the patient and the family with my hands or physical skill to reconnect and revitalize the injured tube. But I can give them positive and accurate information. I can relay that if I can stabilize the spine and remove any additional insults to the spinal cord, I can provide the best chance of recovery and limit more damage. From there, I can share the positive outcomes I have seen in many of my other spinal-cord injury patients after months of rehabilitation, what they have achieved, whether they are completely or partially paralyzed. Regardless of the natural and surgical response of the injured cord, functional recovery of many roles is possible. I can’t use my hands to fix that small, important tube, but many patients can have a realistic optimism that with time, commitment, and hard work, they can in many cases achieve independence and improved quality of life, and continue as productive members of their family and society. Medicine is an imperfect science. Sometimes there are no good options, or a perfectly planned and executed treatment fails or leads to complications or death. All I can do is never overstate my abilities or skills or show confidence that is not based in the reality of my experience. n Gottfried is an associate professor of neurosurgery and spine surgery and is the quality leader of the department of neurosurgery. He is a medical consultant to several hit TV shows.

Based on a true story Who gets to shape a narrative? | By Ryan Brown


he dirt road that leads to the village of Kagamo is jolting and narrow, little more than a gash cut into the foothills of northwestern Rwanda’s jagged Virunga volcanoes. As our Land Rover crunches over chunks of soft volcanic rock, my guide tells me about the people who live here. They are desperately poor, he says. Many eat only once every two days. They have no land. Most of the children will never go to school. I nod. I am listening, but I am not really listening. I already know all this, I think impatiently as I watch the clouds drag themselves across the volcanoes like ripped cotton balls. Those cotton ball clouds will make for a good description in my story, I decide, scribbling myself a note. “Life is very hard here,” he continues. “These people have nothing.” I murmur an assent, but my mind is elsewhere. I am not here to write the story he is unspooling—which sounds like yet another tale of a poor, dark continent and its poor, dark people. I’m determined not to be that kind of foreign correspondent in Africa, and anyway, I’ve already spun my editors at home a very different idea—a dramatic tale of cultural resilience and a people rising from the ashes of an unkind history. Those people are the Twa, Rwanda’s indigenous ethnic minority, who until recently lived nomadic lives as hunter-gatherers in the country’s thick forests. And the village we are headed to is ground zero in the tale of their dispossession—a squatter community carved out after the government evicted them from a nearby national park to make way for its conservation projects three decades ago. Weeks earlier, a friend had put me in touch with this brooding young activist, my guide, who runs a small NGO in Kigali advocating for the rights of the Twa, a group alternately ignored and exploited by successive generations of Rwandan leadership. Via a patchy Skype connection, I explained that I wanted to write about how, amid this repression, the Twa had managed to keep alive so many of their distinctive traditions. “Come,” he said. “I’ll show you around. It sounds like a great story.” But now, listening to his monologue about Twa dispossession, I wonder if we were imagining the same story at all.

Top inset, courtesy Ryan Brown; middle and lower insets, Asspciated Press; background image, Getty Images

Eventually, my guide murmurs something to the driver in Kinyarwanda, and the Land Rover disgorges us in front of an unassuming mud hut. Rain is beginning to fall in hard pellets, and a man standing in the doorway quickly ushers us inside. There, in the pungent darkness, a naked baby with a distended belly sits playing with the ashes of an old cook fire. The man who’d let us in explains that they spend most of their days exactly as we are now—waiting. “But then sometimes tourists come to see us, and we dance for them until they give us tips,” he says, laughing a throaty, guttural laugh. I feel a quiet horror creeping in—this is exactly the vision of Africa, drab and disempowered, that I’d been so desperate to avoid. I look over at the activist, who to my surprise is nodding approvingly. “You see how it is here?” he asks me rhetorically. “You must write for your friends at home that life is very hard. Tell them they must send money.” Suddenly, I understand. In the eyes of my guide, this had always been the article I was here to write, a tragic tale of victimhood that would spur the world to action. That story—the very one I’d been scoffing at as disempowering and demeaning—was to him the most powerful he had, because it was the one that would open hearts and pocketbooks and, therefore, opportunity. My imagined tale of resilience on the margins might be more interesting to me, but he saw it for its practical value—nothing. By the time we drove away from Kagamo that afternoon, I’d realized my mistake. Armed with my own twitchy sense of injustice about Africa’s portrayal on the global stage, I had decided I already knew how this community would want to be seen to the outside world. But they had other ideas. I thought the power to shape the narrative rested on my shoulders. They knew it had never belonged to anyone but them. As the Land Rover bounced toward Kigali, I watched the clouds slink over the mountains in the rearview mirror. But they didn’t look like cotton balls anymore. They were only clouds. n Brown ’11 is a freelance reporter based in Johannesburg, where she covers southern Africa for The Christian Science Monitor and other publications. She traveled to Rwanda on a fellowship from the International Women’s Media Foundation. 




Quiet Authority We write a lot about the obvious power figures: Trustee Chair Rubenstein, President Brodhead, Provost Kornbluth, Chancellor for Health Affairs Washington, Executive Vice President Trask, and, of course, Coach K. But what about other influential individuals shaping life at Duke? —Robert J. Bliwise | Photography by Chris Hildreth


Adam Tomasiello ’13

Admissions Officer who oversees the student tour guides 6 years at Duke (including undergraduate years) Why we think he’s powerful: You only have one chance to make a first impression. “Tours play an important role in recruiting applicants and encouraging admitted students to attend. Our office greets about 36,000 visitors annually; at peak tour times in April and August, it’s not unusual for us to see 3,000 visitors per week. More than 1,000 applicants this past year alone mentioned the tour in their application essay as a reason for applying.” In contrast to many of Duke’s peer institutions, he says, “There’s no specific script. Instead, we recruit a diverse set of interesting students with enthusiasm for and knowledge of Duke.”



Jacqueline Looney Senior Associate Dean for Graduate Programs and Associate Vice Provost for Academic Diversity 23 years at Duke

Why we think she’s powerful: She advocates for graduate students and spearheads efforts to improve their quality of life. A Ph.D. program can take five, six, seven, or more years to complete, depending on the discipline, and students will confront lots of challenges. Looney’s portfolio begins with recruiting a diverse applicant group. From there: New Student Orientation, Graduate Student Appreciation Week, Recognition for Preliminary Examination Completers, the Dean’s Award for Excellence in Mentoring, the Commencement Hooding Ceremony. She says she is “invested in students’ lives from entry to exit”—and at the exit point, these will be “individuals who are eager to share what they’ve learned.”




Aftershock Jim Wilson’74, a

national photographer for The New York Times, has seen the forces of nature, the agony of futility, the Earth’s majesty. We asked him to share a few of the powerful images he’s captured through his lens.


Feeling helpless: “These rescuers worked for hours to try to save the life of Omayra Sanchez, a thirteenyear-old girl whose legs were trapped under a concrete wall after a volcano eruption near Armero, Colombia [in 1985], sent a wall of mud and water coursing through the town and killing 25,000. The men worked in vain to free her but no heavy equipment was available. She died some time later. The body of her mother was trapped under the water near her.�





Remnants of intensity: “In Cameron Parish after Hurricane Rita [in 2005] sent a wall of water estimated to be more than forty feet tall—all that was left of a diner were a few stools bolted to the foundation.”

Just awesome: “Mount Rainier as seen from the air on an incredible day. Still takes my breath away.” [2010]




An education they won’t forget

Pushing students to intellectually test themselves has lasting payoffs. | By Edward J. Balleisen


y philosophy of teaching draws on long-standing humanistic traditions. I strive not just to broaden intellectual horizons and facilitate more skillful analytical inquiry, but also to create a variety of reflective echoes once the details of a course have long faded. The capacity to pose tough questions, to place human behavior in larger societal contexts, to apply a variety of disciplinary perspectives to vexing societal problems— these are the hallmarks of education that truly last. But how can one achieve such goals in a world of information saturation and divided attention? One central impulse of mine is to challenge the extraordinarily talented students at Duke, to ask them to find intellectual gears they have not yet fully tested. The undergraduates who take my courses “American Business History” or “The Modern Regulatory State” have to grapple with the complexities of modern capitalism. Through a series of case studies, these students explore contentious issues about the role of law, institutions, and policy in shaping markets. As we move through the semester, a key goal is to connect these historical snapshots to broader social, economic, and political transformations. Students confront the messiness of historical evidence, whether contained in online databases or musty archival boxes; in memoirs, editorial cartoons, or legal cases; through economic statistics, official government inquiries, or corporate annual reports. Rather than lecture, I mostly orchestrate collective engagement, whether the topic at hand is the multiple meanings of Anglo-American “common law” or the early-twentieth-century invention of the multidivisional corporation. Even in a class of sixty, students engage in small-group exercises and extensive discussion. Through this process students learn the building blocks of compelling research— how to craft a good historical question, link it to a research agenda, and carry out that agenda, even in the face of limited (or dauntingly profuse) sources. From the first class, I try to persuade students that reading closely and tackling tough issues along with their peers will yield both deeper understanding and a waxing sense of accomplishment. During a given session, white boards quickly fill up with student observations and ideas linked through a variety of schematics: mind maps, causal flow charts, complex chronologies, diagrams of bureaucratic authority and interaction. By the end of a term, I expect undergraduates to have a


much better grasp of how the industrial corporation has so profoundly reshaped American life, or the advantages of thinking about legal systems in terms of dispute pyramids, or what effective policy entrepreneurship entails. Students should have the capacity to represent a business model through a clearly delineated graphic, or draw up a social balance sheet of how a regulatory policy affects demographic groups. And they should be able to generate compelling analytical narratives, based on their own hard-won research, that contextualize decision-making and wrestle with the ethical dilemmas associated with policy choices. This sort of teaching works best through collaboration. I depend on Duke’s wonderful librarians and archivists to develop detailed research guides and to host class sessions in the archives. In larger courses, graduate teaching assistants lead discussion sections and mentor research projects. Students have to be willing partners in the enterprise. If they do not see the value of preparing for class or don’t have the confidence to join debates and contest received wisdom, the day’s pedagogical architecture can come crashing down. Effective teaching and mentoring, of course, leads to some immediate payoffs—the once disinterested student who becomes captivated by the interpretive conundrums of reading telegraphic nineteenth-century commercial correspondence; the reticent undergraduate who gradually becomes a vocal class contributor; the research-team member whose experience leads to a compelling thesis topic or redirects career goals. But I have now been at this game long enough to understand that the most significant educational ripples only come into view over a much longer timespan. Here I have benefited greatly from the considered reflections of former students: a one-time doctoral advisee describing how he schematically maps out class discussions on white boards of his own collegiate classrooms; a strategist at a multinational car company relating how he brings his grasp of business history to bear on internal debates over technological bets; an Episcopal priest ascribing his practice of honing sermons in part to the rigorous revising process that produced a prize-winning history honors thesis. Such conversations remind me of the innumerable ghosts that lurk in any educational setting. My own teaching abounds with echoes from past mentors, colleagues, doctoral candidates, and undergraduates. Their insights have profoundly shaped my own ways of thinking. Their practices have offered a rich array of strategies

Les Todd

to emulate or adapt. Their suggestions have generated myriad ideas to try out and identified some approaches to drop. Such reverberations suggest that even in an online age, the most far-reaching pedagogical impacts still emerge out of sustained personal interactions that ripen into bonds of fellowship. n

Balleisen, a professor of history and the former director of the Duke History Honors Seminar, is the newest recipient of the Alumni Distinguished Undergraduate Teaching Award. He has taught about 1,000 Duke undergraduates and mentored three-dozen doctoral students. In July, he became vice provost for interdisciplinary studies.




The look of confidence

Her sartorial journey wasn’t just about the clothes. | By Megan F. Forlines


can tell the story of my life through the clothes I’ve worn (or wanted to wear). It starts with the strict dress code at my elementary day school. The school uniform was a simple khaki skirt and white blouse, or khaki pants with a blue blazer. It was bland and un-threatening—a goodkid’s outfit. By the time I arrived at a public high school, I longed for the freedom to wear whatever I wanted, and I waded cautiously into the world of tank tops, low-cut jeans, and velour sweatpants. Not the best look for anyone, but among teens, Juicy Couture sweatsuits were the power suit of the day. Those who could afford to own a few in different colors could ascend to the top of the sartorial ladder. I wanted to do more than just fit in—I wanted to run the club. So I made my clothing allowance stretch to include a few bright colors in addition to the standard basic black. Being described as “best dressed” felt good. I began to hone my fashion sense by creating bulletin boards of looks I liked from magazines—a manual precursor to today’s Pinterest posts. I starting wearing dresses with wedges or heels to high school, and it wasn’t long before other girls were asking me to go shopping with them. Fashion became what I wanted to study. Shortly before my sixteenth birthday, I asked my parents to forego a planned party for a clothing allowance. With a bit of pleading, I persuaded my more academically minded parents to let me attend the Fashion Institute of Technology. There, in the heart of New York’s fashion district, students dress in trendy, creative designs, trying to one-up each other with clothing more avant-garde than the next. My own look changed frequently in the beginning, but then I gravitated toward a more traditional business look to stand out from the crowd of increasingly outlandish designs. Fashion students make frequent presentations in their classes, and I discovered I felt more myself and seemed to get a better response from students and professors when I wore a tailored skirt and jacket with a pair of gorgeous stiletto pumps. Business attire translated as expertise to my audience, and the four-inch heels gave me the power of height. When I started interviewing for those all-important internships, I remembered the old adage that people should dress for the job they want. Hoping to land a job as a buyer or merchandiser with a major fashion retailer, I needed the armor of “business formal” to feel confident and set myself apart from the trendier classmates competing for the same jobs. Contrary to what one might think, dressing like an executive tends to be effective in most industries, fashion included. Hello power suits, with dark-colored blazers and matching dresses, or pencil skirts or slacks with cream-colored blouses. For the junior executive look, I paired blazers with kneelength skirts or slim-cut pants. The idea was to look professional and confident, without appearing to be trying too hard. I purchased a few interchangeable Theory pieces, put a classic outfit


together, and added those four-inch heels to interview for an internship with luxury shoemaker Jimmy Choo, and later for a corporate job at Saks Fifth Avenue. When I interned at Saks before my senior year of college, most of the other interns were business-school students, with undergraduate degrees from Ivy League schools. I decided to add a business degree to my fashion merchandising degree, and I was thrilled to be accepted into the master of management studies program at the Fuqua School of Business. A fashion student in the business school was relatively new for Duke, and I delighted in spreading the gospel of dressing for success. Business-school projects are often team-based, and I would persuade the guys on the team to take a trip to Brooks Brothers to buy a suit, while sharing some of my clothes with the other women on my team before making a big presentation. I taught my classmates that the goal was to have people focus on their presentations rather than their clothes. I mastered the art of pulling together conservative business-formal and business-casual outfits for other students, and I even returned to Duke after graduating to give presentations on dressing for success to undergraduate and business-school students. Six months after starting my first postgrad job in the corporate division of a high-end luxury store, the company was taken over by a Canadian company. My mentor and boss left their jobs, and that uncertainty enticed me to take a detour. I added a bright-blue blazer to my standard Theory look and interviewed with the Duke Alumni Association. At the DAA, I wore brighter colors and lighter fabrics than the navy and black of the corporate world, and my power suit became a lightweight sleeveless dress, with an added blazer for important meetings. But it was often a pair of fabulous Jimmy Choo shoes that made my outfit stand out. My go-to Choo was an elegant pump, almost always in nude. When an opportunity arose at one of the most iconic giants in the industry, I switched out my trusty Theory blazer for a jacket from that company’s spring line for an interview and got the job. The usual dress at this company is decidedly more casual than the business attire I’d worn before: These days my power suit might include Frye riding boots, denim jeans, and an oxford shirt or cable-knit sweater from the company’s line. Dressing this way helps project the look that I’m professional and part of the team, essential elements for success in any organization. Lucky for me, this is closer to my true personal style, with an emphasis on classics rather than trends. My journey from velour sweats to classic Americana isn’t rocket science; it reflects the power of knowing how to present oneself. That first business suit was a powerful confidence booster, but now I know how to project professionalism in an array of designs and fabrics. n Forlines M.M.S. ’12 is corporate product merchandiser at Ralph Lauren for Men’s Polo and Golf brands in New York.

A revolution of flesh and data Life online changed dramatically in the spring of 2009. | By Negar Mottahedeh


hat if our only hope—and the only hope for the integrity of life online, of life, period —is our passionate sense of radical kinship and an unwavering commitment to solidarity against oppression? On the six-year anniversary of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s fraudulent presidential election, I was reminded of who we were to each other when Twitter was fresh and still not quite tainted by the self-promotion and commercialism that defines it today. It may be hard to recall that sense of euphoria that dominated Iranian national politics during the presidential campaigns in the spring of 2009. In the course of the thirty-year history of the theocratic state, no one could remember another time when Iranian state television had broadcast such lively debates among the presidential candidates. After leaving a rally for the then-sitting president Ahmadinejad, Time magazine correspondent Joe Klein described a crowd of tens of thousands filtering into downtown. The Ahmadinejad rally was ending just as a rally for his opponent, reformist leader Mir-Hossein Mousavi, was finishing up. Supporters on both sides flooded the streets and squares in a mood of camaraderie, of playfulness. “It seemed as if someone had opened a magic door,” Klein wrote, “and an entire country had spilled out.” This wasn’t just a feeling. Things looked lively, too. Color was everywhere. Campaign paraphernalia, campaign headquarters, and campaigners themselves were clearly differentiated: Those supporting the incumbent president waved the Iranian flag, while Mousavi’s followers stood out in vibrant green. It was a nod to the distinctive green shawl— the color assigned to the family of the Prophet—their candidate wore during one of the presidential debates. But on election day, the mood turned stark. Before the polls were even closed, Ahmadinejad’s victory was announced with 63 percent of the votes cast. Millions believed their votes were never counted. Immediately, Iranians took to the streets. Within minutes, images of masses of people wearing green armbands, finger-bands, and headbands filling the vast boulevards, squares, and bridges of the Iranian cityscape were posted to Twitter and Facebook. As supporters shared pictures from the protests and put green overlays on their avatar images to express solidarity, Twitter became awash with the color green. The date— June 12, 2009—became the official genesis of Iran’s Green Movement. That summer, solidarity around the hashtag #iranelection had Twitter subscribers everywhere changing their geolocation to Tehran to protect those who were actually


tweeting from the ground in Iran. For eight months, hundreds of thousands of us came together in solidarity around #iranelection, making it the longest trending topic in Twitter’s global history. That hashtag solidarity was unprecedented. Back then hashtags (as symbols for keywords and search topics) weren’t used except on Twitter, and even those weren’t hyperlinked. Such clickable hashtags came about just as people were using the hashtag #iranelection to express support and share vital information. As bloggers and journalists, like Newsweek journalist Maziar Bahari, were being arrested for merely reporting on the protest marches, hyperlinked hashtags made it feel as if we were all marching together, linked, as one people, against injustice. The solidarity was critical. It forced the Iranian authorities to release Bahari (although many journalists and protestors still remain in prison). But critical, too, was the change in our engagement with social media. Flickr, Yfrog, Twitpic, and YouTube became the extension of our acts of witnessing. They became the sites we used to record and circulate the violations of the state against its own people. The ongoing act of solidarity reshaped the whole ecology of online life forever. The stories of protest spread worldwide in real time, but among them all, one stood out: the story of Neda Agha-Soltan, the twenty-six-year-old woman who was brutally shot and murdered by the state paramilitary (basij) in Tehran a week after the election. She was not the first civilian casualty of the 2009 uprising—in fact, hospital sources confirmed that by June 22, thousands had been injured and forty-seven killed by government forces in Tehran alone. But Neda’s death was captured on a handheld device and immediately uploaded, circulating first on Facebook, then on Twitter. In an instant she went from an innocent bystander who curiously led her music teacher into a crowd of peaceful protestors, to a martyr with historic significance. Hundreds of thousands of people watched the video online and reposted it. Her name, Neda—“voice” or “calling” in Persian—became the rallying cry for the Iranian opposition. On Twitter #Neda was the highest-ranking hashtag on June 20, 2009, indicating tens of thousands of posts on the day of her death. Moved by her gruesome death and the hashtag solidarity that rallied against the injustices she came to stand for, Barack Obama accepted the Nobel Prize in Neda’s name. She was lauded as one of the top ten heroes of 2009 by Time. Urgent, unjust, and lengthy, the Iranian postelection crisis galvanized and transformed the ecology of life online such that the tropes of #iranelection, its valuation of

Damir Sagolj/Reuters

standing “friend/follower� networks and citizen reporting, its engagement with avatar activism, its relentless circulation of digital images, its immediate retweeting of YouTube videos, its hacks, memes, and viral transmissions, its flash mobs and text-the-regime campaigns, became part of a sensing, breathing, collective body, part flesh, part data, connected across the globe by way of a continual exchange of digital sights and sounds on social media. n

Mottahedeh is an associate professor in the literature program. She is the author of Displaced Allegories: Post-Revolutionary Iranian Cinema (Duke University Press, 2008), Representing the Unrepresentable (Syracuse University Press, 2007), and #iranelection: Hashtag Solidarity and the Transformation of Online Life (Stanford University Press, 2015), from which this is adapted.




It’s all in your head The brain works hard but it doesn’t always have to be that way.

By Scott Huettel



ou might think that your ability to reason—and all the brainpower that entails—helps you make good decisions. Reason does help, much of the time. If you face a decision about how to rebalance your retirement portfolio, for example, you should indeed list the pros and cons of different options, estimate your income sources and needs, and calculate what’s best for you. All that reasoning requires a lot of mental energy! There are costs to applying all that brainpower to a decision, the first being time. Suppose that each time you walked into a Starbucks you looked over the menu, with its dozens of drinks, sizes, and add-ons, and then pulled out paper and pencil to begin writing down the pros and cons of different configurations. The sort of process you’d apply to your retirement planning can’t be applied to the innumerable daily decisions you face—you simply don’t have time. Another cost is more literal: the energy consumed

by your brain. If you are an average-size adult male, your brain only weighs about three or four pounds—that’s something like 2 percent of your body weight—but it uses about 20 percent of the energy expended by your body. Psychologists and neuroscientists have long known that the brain takes many shortcuts that can eliminate unnecessary processing, thus saving precious energy. But there’s another, more pressing reason, not to apply maximum brainpower to every decision. For many decisions, trying to reason through to an optimal outcome is actually counterproductive; that is, people make worse decisions when reasoning about costs and benefits than when using simple rules, or what researchers call “heuristics.” Four decades of research by psychologists and behavioral economists on heuristics has produced evidence supporting this claim. Heuristics are, in lay terms, shortcuts used in decision-making; phrases such as “choose what’s most familiar” or “stop searching

when you find something good enough.” They use very limited information, tend to be very simple and fast, and often work better than complex reasoning. Knowing when to use a heuristic and when to use reasoning isn’t always obvious. The most general rule—itself a heuristic!—is that reasoning works best for decisions that involve abstract, impersonal, and one-time choices, like retirement planning. Heuristics tend to work best for decisions that involve tangible personal outcomes with which you have considerable experience. As more research accumulates, we’ll learn much more about when heuristics should be used and how to train people to use them better. That will save brainpower—and even lead to better decisions. n Huettel Ph.D. ’99 is a professor and chair of the department of psychology and neuroscience.

By Mark R. Leary


he capacity to experience emotion evolved to help animals, including human beings, deal quickly with events that have implications for their well-being. Negative emotions evolved to facilitate rapid responses to threats, and positive emotions evolved to manage responses to opportunities. Although we usually think of emotions as simply bad or good feelings, emotions often have great power to energize our behavior, as is apparent when we fall under the power of anger or fear or love. Emotions also have the power to determine the quality of our lives. Whether we think life is going well or badly, our judgment is essentially an assessment of the emotions we’ve experienced lately. Emotions are, at heart, functional (and we could not survive if we lost our capacity to experience them). But two features of emotions can be maladaptive. Emotions can override rational considerations of how we should respond and lead us to behave in ways that work against our best interests. Angry outbursts, fearful inhibitions, jealous rages, or desperate actions seem at times impossible to control, as if we have been possessed by a powerful demon we are powerless to oppose.

In addition, emotions sometimes arise from our own thoughts even when nothing is objectively wrong at the moment. How many of us have tied ourselves into knots of anxiety while lying safe-and-sound in our beds, worrying about things that might never come to pass? When we work ourselves into strong emotional states through self-thought, we suffer unnecessarily at our own hands. Although few of us are masters of all of our emotions, some people manage their emotional life more successfully than others. Recognizing that emotions must sometimes be ignored and must often be controlled is the first step. Not all emotional reactions are rational or in one’s best interests, so intelligent living requires us to manage our emotions. Knowing that many of our emotions are evoked by our own thoughts, we can often loosen their power by changing how we think. Not only can people learn to quiet many of the thoughts that fuel their emotions, but they also can learn to think about events in ways that foster equanimity and lower the likelihood of being overtaken by emotion’s power. n Leary is the Garonzik Family Professor of psychology and neuroscience.




Shedding her cloak

A haircut choice reveals a self others struggle to see. | By Chaya Babu


t’s super sexy,” Roger said, as he unsnapped the black nylon smock from the back of my neck and pulled it away from me, clumps of black fuzz falling from my lap to the floor. “You carry it.” Just minutes earlier, his clippers glided slowly over the curve of my head, the electronic hum deepening as they entered the brush. “You hear that?” he said. “That’s because of how dense your hair is.” I laughed. I gave myself one last look in his mirror before stepping out of his chair. My eyes were wide and worried; I was unsure of what I had done and why. Despite only having cut about an inch of hair from the top of my head, maybe less, and tightening already buzzed sides, Roger had left me with a look that was jarring. Perhaps, as much as one can, I did carry it, but I was still a woman with a shaved head. In that singular glance, I saw myself momentarily as I knew others would, and I felt a flash of deep discomfort.  When I was a little girl, I had coarse wavy hair that fell in thick separated sections down my back and past my waist. Girls touched it with sticky fingers; boys said “ew” when it grazed them during chorus concerts on the bleachers. I have no recollection of when I started to challenge the mandatory long-hair requirement imposed by my parents as a child, but I do remember distinctly the trouble I got in for trimming my ends liberally with the scissors from my dad’s office, making crooked DIY bangs while sitting on the bathroom counter. There was no justification, cultural or otherwise, given for the rule—which was technically an unspoken one. That we were not to do things to our own bodies was a notion my sister and I swallowed daily like a Flintstone vitamin. My Indian mother, with her own buttlength black hair tied in a low ponytail no matter the occasion, simply asserted: “Long hair is pretty.” With that, her statement was made fact, and the supremacy and righteousness of a certain brand of desirability was ingrained in us.  But as with the vitamins, which I spit out behind my bed, I had my own ideas. I was in India when I did my first chop, a cut dramatic enough that I feared the prominence of my nose and the stark visibility of my bodily flaws. I was twenty-eight, 8,000 miles from home, and alone. In an apartment in Mumbai that belonged to a family I didn’t


know, I checked out the shape—longer on top, softly textured on the back and sides, emphasizing the bend of my skull into my slender neck. While a part of me wondered, Who is this person? for the first time in my life, I saw myself. I had been warned I would feel naked and exposed. And I did: I had removed a cloak, a uniform that I had worn my whole life but never actually chosen. It was exquisite. And so I experimented, moving from that feminine pixie with a side-swept bang to more polished sleek styles that revealed my whole, bare face; then even shorter, edgier crops with details like razored ends and undercuts with meticulous fades. I know well all the things people say to and about women with short hair.  “You could be hot if you grew your hair.” “Wow, that takes guts.” “Did you just go through a breakup?” “Are you a man or lady?” “Are you okay?” So even though I got what Roger meant when he told me my new buzzcut was sexy—badass, bold, distinctive—I also heard the other connotations: crazy, weird, ugly, angry feminist, confused, sick. It continues to surprise me how, even in New York, reactions to a woman’s hair can vary from guesses at her sexuality to projections of mental illness. An Internet search of short hairstyles produces results from fashion and beauty sites as well as commentary in mainstream news outlets on how women who cut their hair off have given up sex. Seriously. I’ve learned in the nearly five years since my first above-the-chin cut that women’s hair is never just hair; nor is it just the twisted and layered implications of rigid beauty ideals. It’s so much bigger than that—as black women who wear braided, afro’ed, loc’d, and other natural styles know well. It’s femininity. It’s womanhood. It’s virtue. It’s respectability. Certainly, to reject these things may reflect a sort of courage; but I doubt most women think of going short as a symbol of their bravery, independent of all else. I didn’t. I just copied the celebrities. Michelle Williams rocked her darling ’do so I wanted to as well. But somehow, the idea that I might actually like how I look is over the heads of those who have words for me. My short hair has to mean something. “Why do you wear your hair like that? Are you ever going to grow it back?” an old classmate asked, without

Courtesy Chaya Babu

hesitation, at my ten-year Duke reunion a few weeks ago. “Why do you look how you look?” I said. He didn’t understand the question. Maybe, though, I did have an intention, albeit unconsciously, as the once blunt bottom of my massive mane inched higher and higher up my back as I went from adolescence to adulthood. Was I claiming a clichéd liberation? Was I exercising choice? Creating possibility? Seeking transformation? All of the above? I think we rarely do things with a single motivation. Once upon a time, I said I shed the security of my hair

because I wanted to see whether I could be beautiful while giving up a major marker of beauty. But what I meant was that I wanted to see whether I could like myself even while the world tells me I should be different. And I do. As a woman, this, in and of itself, is an act of resistance. It’s powerful; it’s fierce; it’s sexy as hell. n Babu ’05 is a writer and journalist based in Brooklyn, New York, whose work has appeared in The Feminist Wire, Huffington Post, The Wall Street Journal, Racialicious, India Abroad, Open City Magazine, and more. She is currently working on her first novel.




An experiment gone right

Seeking a Duke education, an insecure teen gains even more. | By Chuck Adams


hen I look at teenagers today, I wonder whether I was ever really their age. They seem so much more self-possessed, so much more mature than I ever was. As a teen, I was a mass of insecurities, raised basically as an only child—my brother is ten years older—by working-class parents (my father was a tobacco farmer and ran a country store) who had never attended college. They pushed me to do well in school, and, like a good boy, I complied. But when it came time to apply to college, I figured my choices were distinctly limited. I had, after all, attended a tworoom schoolhouse for the first six grades of my education, and then, for the last six years, got bused to a school where each class had its own homeroom, but there were only 200 students, grades one through twelve. And to make the college application process even more difficult, though we lived in Virginia, my father insisted I choose a college in North Carolina. So I chose Wake Forest—that’s where my brother had graduated, and I was already a Demon Deacon fan. However, yielding to parental pressure, I also applied to UNC and Duke. I knew they both were long shots, but ever the good boy, I did as I was told. To my surprise, I got an acceptance letter from UNC, so that’s where I would go. Until, almost at the eleventh hour, there was a letter from Duke, inviting me to join their Class of ’64. My parents were thrilled; I wasn’t so sure. So, when I spent my first day as a student at Duke, in September of 1960, I was seventeen, a Virginia farm boy, a graduate of a fourth-rate rural school system, and I knew I had to work hard if I was going to make it. My assigned roommate, who was a startling fifteen years old, was also from Virginia, also a product of that state’s public-school system. He had graduated at the top of his


class in one of the biggest schools in the state. I, too, had been a valedictorian, earning the best grades of anyone in my class. But whereas my roommate had competed with more than a thousand other students for those top honors, I had been one in a class of only eighteen. I was daunted. A few days later, I went through the process of choosing class assignments, a random session during which instructors looked at my high-school transcript and offered advice on what courses I should sign up for. More than once I saw the teacher shake his head, and more than once I heard the words, “You’re going to have a tough time.” By the end of that day, I was officially terrified. Classes started. I read all the assignments, got in my seat well before the bell sounded, took copious notes. Watched and listened as the other students volunteered answers to the instructor’s questions and raised their hands to probe for more information. I envied them their confidence, the depth of their understanding. Could I ever be like them? In addition to the struggle to overcome my basic teenage insecurity and cope with my fear that I was in over my head, I got a message from the dean’s office informing me that I’d been chosen to be part of a discussion/therapy group that was to meet weekly that fall semester. I remember a half-dozen or so of us sitting around a large table with a therapist at one end, taking notes as we responded to his questions. Everyone seemed to feel suspicious, unsure. Why were we being singled out? During these sessions we were encouraged to open up about our reactions to the school, to our classes, our instructors, our dorm life— nothing personal really, nothing about family or life before Duke. As I remember it, the others in the group seemed to feel these sessions were more irritating than helpful. However, once I realized

that others in the room shared some of the same insecurities and self-doubts I did, I started to appreciate this chance to talk about my situation. The therapist—a guy, naturally; this was 1960, after all—seemed genuinely interested, seemed to really care. I didn’t know why I was chosen to sit at that table, but I came to view it as an opportunity and not a threat. Gradually, I started to wake up each day with an increased sense of confidence. I remember, in particular, my English instructor, with whom I had halfhour, one-on-one sessions each week, praised my work, even going so far as to suggest I might think about writing as a possible career path. And my Spanish professor, an eccentric, charming woman, singled me out for my ability to roll my “r”s and honor the silent “h.” These people thought I had ability; it gave me something to ponder. Maybe I was good enough after all. Maybe someone at Duke had seen something in me that hadn’t shown up on my transcript. Maybe I could do this. And from this growth in confidence, I started to feel a sense of power. I realized I was in control, that if I believed in myself and just did the work to the best of my ability, then everything would be fine. And so it was. At the end of the first semester, I had earned five A’s and one B. I was a for-real Duke student, capable of competing with the rest of them. The power that came from believing in myself carried me through the undergraduate years and even took me into Duke Law School. It was then, though, I learned the truth about what had been going on during that freshman year, through all four years, actually. Once accepted at law school, I applied for and was given a position as a freshman housemaster, meaning I’d live in one of the freshman dorms, and in exchange for giving the newbies a little guidance, I’d get free housing and beer money. At

My parents were thrilled; I wasn’t so sure.

a dinner the Dean’s Office threw for the housemasters that first year, I was seated next to Dean Womble, the man who had been dean of freshmen the whole time I’d been at Duke. When I went to introduce myself, he put his hand up to stop me, then said, “Oh, I know who you are. I know all about you. You were born in…” And he launched into my life story, complete with details, including my father’s occupation and income, and, of course, my time at Duke. He ended by saying, “You were my project. I lived with you for four years.” I learned from Dean Womble that I had been Duke’s entry in a study carried out by several colleges—I think he mentioned Chicago, Stanford, and Princeton, among others—in which they’d each taken one male student earmarked for the graduating Class of ’64 who would, under normal circumstances, never have made the admissions cut. I never learned what happened to my counterparts at the other schools, nor did I learn whether there was a study following female students. The sessions with the therapist were, I learned, a part of the study, with the other clueless guys thrown in so that I would not realize I was being singled out. I remember stammering, trying to ask all the questions that came immediately to mind. I was bothered by the idea that I had been the subject of a four-year “big brother” experiment. Not that there had been hidden cameras, but looking back I’m sure it wasn’t a coincidence that for my sophomore year, I was asked by the dean’s office to join the first dormitory in which upperclassmen would live with freshmen, and, yes, with a housemaster who could watch us and report back. The same thing happened the next year, when a second mixed dorm was created and I was asked to move there. For my senior year, I was asked to be an assistant to the housemaster in that dorm, mean-

ing I had spent all four years under the watchful eye of someone put there by the dean’s office. Of course, I could have said “no” at any point, but I was flattered to be singled out, to be deemed worthy of even so minor a distinction. Yet while I was uncomfortable with the idea that someone had been watching me the whole time, I was I was excited, too. I had been singled out for this study. Later, during my second year in the housemaster program, I was told that one of my charges, a kid from a West Virginia coal-mining community, was in the same program, so it continued for a while at least. I suspect that if I had not stayed at Duke for graduate school, had not enrolled in the housemaster program, and had not gone to that dinner and sat next to Dean Womble, I would never have known any of this. It makes me wonder how many others there are who followed a similar trajectory. Looking back, I have no regrets about how my time at Duke played out. I am grateful to have been able to attend such a great university, to study under outstanding teachers, to get to know the people I met there during my seven-year stay. And, of course, there is the sense of empowerment that came with learning to believe in myself, in realizing that if I wanted something badly enough, chances were I could attain it. That belief and that realization bolstered me for many years, as doors opened, and I moved from law to publishing (not actually being a writer, but working with them). My Duke education, then, was an orchestrated course in self-discovery, with me the willing puppet, a bit of 1984 playing out a couple of decades ahead of time. n Adams ’64, LL.B. ’67 is an executive editor at Algonquin Books in Chapel Hill.




Time and energy An audit of Duke’s power sources, then and now | By Elizabeth Van Brocklin

COAL Duke’s coal-burning plant was built on a sunken plot next to East Campus in 1929. It was designed by Horace Trumbauer, the architect of the original buildings on East and West campuses. The plant housed three coal-fire boilers, which could each generate 40,000 pounds of steam per hour. Train cars packed with coal from West Virginia and Kentucky traveled on a spur track right to the roof of the plant, where the coal was dropped into a bunker below. Then plant operators fed it into the boilers as needed—a noisy, messy, and blazing-hot operation. The coal fire could reach up to 1,800 degrees Fahrenheit, producing steam to heat Duke’s buildings in the winter, dehumidify them in the summer, and sterilize surgical and lab equipment. Things worked much that way for nearly fifty years, until 1978, when the plant closed and the university’s sister steam plant, located off Research Drive on West Campus, took over. Meanwhile, the East Campus plant would sit quiet and unused for the next three decades. In 2009, the steam plant on East was renovated and began to shift from coal to natural gas. The original architecture and brickwork were restored, but the coal boilers were replaced by fifteen high-efficiency boilers. Two years later, Duke burned through the last of its coal stock, a step toward the university’s goal to achieve climate neutrality by 2024. The 175-foot smokestack still stands today, though just as a historical marker.



 uke has four D chilled-water plants that generate cold air to cool buildings. The plants have enough capacity to cool about 16,000 typical single-family homes.

Duke purchases all of its electricity from Duke Energy. Duke’s electric system on campus consists of five distribution substations, more than 15 miles of duct banks, and 62 miles of electrical cables. Buildings on campus use an annual average of 1.22 million kilowatt-hours of energy per day. That’s enough to power:

>34 million laptop computers


typical American homes


1.1 million

microwave ovens

The benches outside the East steam plant were made from floorboards culled from the old Smith Warehouse just off East Campus. The revamped plant received a gold LEED award, a globally recognized rating for green buildings. Steam travels through more than 19 miles of pipes to reach the university and medical center. The West Campus steam plant has enough capacity to heat approximately 7,500 typical single-family homes.

Duke University Archives

Chris Hildreth

Hot stuff: The steam plant was built southwest of East Campus, right, and still stands today.


Duke Photography

Duke currently has twenty-nine LEED certified buildings. Among the greenest are:

Smart Home: PLATINUM

Cancer Center: GOLD

Keohane Residence Hall: SILVER

Solar panels connected to the public power grid High open ceilings to promote air flow

Large windows to let in natural sunlight Bike racks and showers for those who ride a bike to work

Motion-activated lights in the hallways High-efficiency washers and driers

Sources: Duke University Archives; Duke University Facilities Management; Housing, Dining & Residence Life; Duke Medicine Engineering & Operations; Duke Sustainability; Duke Today; Working@Duke; Duke Smart Home Program




On equal terms

A bold idea offered a glimpse of what the Jim Crow South could be. | By Scott Ellsworth


ripping with sweat, Jack Burgess slowly dribbled the ball up the court, looking for an answer. For the entire first half, Burgess and his teammates from Duke had handled their opponents with ease, ripping cross-court passes, setting up give-andgo’s, snaking in lay-ups, and draining ten-foot set shots. Not any more. Now they had run into a buzz saw. What had begun so promisingly had turned against them. Lost in the moment, however, was one small detail: Everyone in the small gymnasium that day had forgotten all of their fears and anxiety about playing together. It was all game now. And what a game it was. An audacious, dangerous basketball contest, featuring a crackerjack team of ex-college stars enrolled in the Duke medical school against the varsity at what was then called the North Carolina College for Negroes—now North Carolina Central University—this clandestine 1944 hoops battle was the first integrated college basketball game to be held in the South.


Played in a locked gymnasium on a Sunday morning more than a decade before the dawn of the civil rights movement and three years before Jackie Robinson donned his Brooklyn Dodgers uniform, it wasn’t just a barrier-busting athletic milestone. It was also the tangible product of the power of ideas, including those whose time had not yet come. Duke, of course, was rigidly segregated in those days. The faculty, student body, and administration were all white, while the only African Americans to be seen on campus were maids, cafeteria staff, and service workers. Indeed, when the Harvard Glee Club was scheduled to sing in the chapel just before Easter in 1941, officials at Duke told the Cambridge group to either leave their one African-American member at home—or not come at all. Blacks in Durham regularly avoided going anywhere near campus. But even in those Jim Crow-choked days, there were members of the Duke community who envisioned a different kind of racial future for the country. Some dreamed of a time

when the South’s system of racial apartheid would be erased. Others, however, had begun to act. In an apartment just off East Campus, a small number of Duke professors had begun to meet with their counterparts at the North Carolina College—that is, until the Durham Klan found out and threatened to torch the building. A handful of Duke students, members of the campus Y.M.C.A. chapter, went even further. Hiding in the backseats of their cars, they drove over to North Carolina College, where they held clandestine, racially integrated prayer meetings. It was out of these daring violations of Jim Crow that the idea for the Secret Game was hatched. Held across town in the North Carolina College gym, the game was a gutsy, high-stakes violation of Southern ways. Crossing the color line in Jim Crow North Carolina wasn’t just dangerous. It also could be deadly. That same year, an African-American G.I. in uniform was murdered in cold blood by a white Durham bus driver after he refused to move all the way to the back of the bus. An all-white jury, after twenty minutes of deliberations, acquitted the driver. The players from Duke and North Carolina College weren’t just playing basketball. Propelled by powerful, ahead-of-their time notions of racial equality, they were also taking real chances with their careers, their freedom, perhaps even their lives. But the basketball that they played turned out to be equally jaw-dropping. For as genuinely talented as the Duke players were, the North Carolina College team had a secret weapon in John McLendon, their visionary young coach. The last student of James Naismith—the inventor of basketball—at the University of Kansas in the 1930s, McLendon had created a new high-speed, full-court pressure defense approach to the game that was decades ahead of its time. And when the players from Duke and North Carolina College played a second game that day, mixing not only their playing philosophies but also their teams in a game of shirts and skins, the end result was nothing less than the first appearance of the modern game—fast-paced, athletic, and racially integrated. In the end, the Secret Game changed the lives of its participants. “It had a real impact on my thinking,” remembered David S. Hubbell, who also had been a member of the Blue

Devils’ 1942 Southern Conference championship team. Southern born and bred, with a family tree well-populated with slaveholders and Confederate infantrymen, Hubbell never felt the same about segregation. For another of the Duke players, the experience emboldened him to challenge Jim Crow even more ardently—even to the point of getting chased off a Durham city bus, at knifepoint, one night in front of the chapel, after he had dared to question the seating arrangements. Over at North Carolina College, meanwhile, the game also had clear repercussions. Not only was it a source of pride, but it also became a kind of ending as well. Nearly all of the North Carolina College players soon left the South. But the greatest impact of the Secret Game, perhaps, would be in helping to seed the idea of a different kind of South. For even though the game had been deliberately kept secret, word of it leaked out here and there—and nowhere more powerfully than among those who looked one day to the end of segregation. “Before we could have a civil rights movement in the streets,” one elderly Durham activist once told me, “we had to have one in our minds.” Knowledge of the Secret Game was a part of that: It was a narrative that said that Jim Crow did not have to exist, and that whites and blacks could face each other on equal terms. It was a powerful—and persistent—idea. “Oh, yes, I had heard about the game,” former trustee chair Dan T. Blue Jr. J.D. ’73 told me over lunch in Raleigh not long ago, “back when I was an undergraduate student at North Carolina Central in the late 1960s.” Asked what knowing about the game meant to a young civil-rights warrior like himself, Blue paused a moment. Then he said, “It meant a lot. It was a reaffirmation that, given a level playing field, African Americans could succeed just as well as anyone else.” The Secret Game was both a civil-rights and athletic milestone. But more important, it was a courageous act that was ahead of its time, a thread in the tapestry of racial change at Duke whose powerful message of equality, seven decades later, still speaks to our time. n Ellsworth A.M. ’77, Ph.D. ’82 is the author of The Secret Game: A Wartime Story of Courage, Change, and Basketball’s Lost Triumph (Little, Brown, 2015) .




All the memories that matter Finding meaning in a place of history and bronze | By Sofia Manfredi


hen I visited the September 11 Memorial for the first time, I walked slowly around the empty foundations where the North and South Towers of the World Trade Center once stood. I read the names engraved in bronze. The etched walls surround hollow caverns that hold deep pools of water, and I could not look down into the water or across to the mirrored set of visitors on the other side of the pool without facing those inscriptions. The names, and the lives that they mark, surround and define the space of the memorial. I did not know any of the names before they were inscribed in the bronze. They are from all over the world, their differences carving out the breadth of the attack. But as I walked on, a set of names too similar caught my attention: Joseph Angelini Sr. and Joseph John Angelini Jr., father and son, both firefighters. As I read their names, I felt as though certain parts of myself were being amplified: the daughter and sister who could not imagine so much loss contained within one family, the citizen who was both proud of and afraid for the people entrusted with her protection, the third-grader who had seen the towers falling on television and did not understand their smoke signals. At the same time, I felt myself hollowed out, my own foundations bare, because the terms and experiences with which I grieved were limited. My own memory was not enough. Memorials are, as the word suggests, determined by memory. They have the remarkable task of infusing a physical place with the pain and pride released in the wake of a tragedy or victory. And as tangible representations of indefinable feeling, they seem nearly paradoxical in their power. How do manmade physical structures evoke such raw feeling, whether we are ten or twenty or a hundred years past their creation? And how can one structure encompass collective emotion, when the very word implies a dependence on the highly personal, highly individual nature of memory? I am among the oldest students on the Duke in New York program, and I was just eight years old,

growing up in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, at the time of the attack. I know, when I look across the names and the water and the empty space between them, that my memory of that day is far too little. It needs the memories of the hundreds of other visitors who are with me, and of the countless others who have come before and who will come after, for me to consider the weight of the attacks. I have returned to the 9/11 Memorial three times so far, not to reflect on my own experience, but to commune with a collective experience and a collective pain that I cannot begin to comprehend. The Vietnam War and the lifetime of Martin Luther King Jr. both happened before I was born, and when I visit the national memorials erected in their honor, I have no memories of my own with which to understand their significance. My experience at those sites is far different than that of someone who lived in the time of their construction, and who understands the conditions that demanded that construction. But the people who have those memories have all brought them to the same physical places. In doing so, they lend the memorials their seemingly contradictory power, both individual and collective. I had not yet read the names of the Angelini family when I was in third grade. They are not a part of my memories from September 11, 2001. But I have touched the metal memorial where their names are engraved, and now I do not think about 9/11 without thinking about them. Walking among the field trips and photographers and families, I am compelled both to navigate the memories that I lived through and to reflect on those that I did not. I was not in Manhattan when the World Trade Center was attacked. I am there now. I am walking into something larger, something collective, composed of history and bronze and millions and millions of different recollections. I visit the memorial again, realizing that mine is not the memory that matters. n Manfredi is a senior studying biology and English. She is participating in the Duke in New York Arts & Media program this summer.




It was a great run

Bearing witness to a shift in the old ball game | By Barry Svrluga


n the night of August 7, 2007, I sat in a beautiful ballpark on the San Francisco Bay and watched as the personification of power in baseball stood at the plate. The fans stood behind him, a full-on throaty roar, curious given that by that point, he was as much chemistry experiment as ballplayer. For weeks Barry Bonds had trudged around the country in what appeared to be a rather joyless pursuit of one of sports’ most hallowed records, the most home runs in the history of baseball. At that point, the mark was held by Hank Aaron, who thirty-three years earlier had surpassed Babe Ruth, who hit the last of his 714 homers in 1935. There is no more pure and simple representation of power in American sport than the home run, and for generations, Aaron and Ruth served as the ambassadors, even posthumously, of that entity. This is the kind of stuff that drifts through your mind on a night like August 7, 2007, when Bonds was stuck at 755 homers and came to the plate to face a journeyman left-hander for the Washington Nationals named Mike Bacsik. I was, at that point, the beat writer assigned to cover the Nationals for The Washington Post, a task that was largely filled with


documenting the travails of players no one knew then and no one remembers now. Yet that night was memorable, and to this day I remember so much about it. Bacsik is the son of a pitcher and a student of the game, and in the days leading up to his assignment—when Bonds was marching to the record, and the Nationals were scheduled to play in San Francisco—he seemed to revel in the chance to be a part of history. Before the Nationals headed west, I asked Bacsik about the prospect, and he brought up Al Downing, the old lefty who yielded Aaron’s 715th homer. Downing was remembered. Maybe Bacsik could be, too. There were and are, of course, all the debates about the legitimacy of Bonds’ accomplishment, given his indictment on perjury charges pertaining to his testimony in the case against a California lab that was accused of supplying steroids to all manner of athletes. When Bonds sent a floating Bacsik fastball into the sky, the 756th homer of his career, that entanglement circled the bases with him—and it stays with him still, because he has not been voted into the Hall of Fame. But the Nationals, on the receiving end of history, seemed not to care. Felipe Lopez, the shortstop that

night, told me afterward he got goosebumps as Bonds ran by him. Brian Schneider, the catcher, sought out photos of himself behind the plate when Bonds swung. Bacsik handled the moment with grace and became an oddball star. It was the power of power, right there in front of me: baseball players in awe of one of their peers, putting aside the means to the end. What I didn’t know at the time, and what perhaps I could not have known, was that that night served as something of a pivot point for an entire sport. The “fastball” Bonds hit was a fastball in name only, a pitch hurled without the intention to break or tumble or curve. It registered at 86 mph. Last year, on the final day in September, I walked into Kauffman Stadium in Kansas City for an American League wild-card playoff game between the host Royals and the Oakland Athletics. It was, more than eight years after Bonds closed baseball’s Steroid Era, an indication of where the power in the game stands at the moment. The Royals entered those playoffs having hit fewer home runs that season than all but two teams since 1996. Indeed, in 2000, at the height of the Steroid Era, baseball produced more than two-and-a-quarter homers per game. By the end of the summer of 2014,

that number had fallen by more than a quarter—half a homer per game. Yet the Royals’ power came from different sources, and in an odd way I found it as jaw-dropping as Bonds’ display eight years earlier. Here came one relief pitcher whose fastball averaged more than 96 mph. The next reliever’s fastball averaged more than 95 mph. And that was just a hair behind the closer, who approached 96 mph—on average. In those eight years, baseball had undergone a transformation. The power, as we head toward another postseason, now lies with the pitchers. Bonds’ final season was that year he broke the record, 2007. Every year since, major league pitchers—on average—have thrown the ball harder. Every year since, the game has set a new record for strikeouts. The Bacsik “fastball” I saw Bonds crush that night? It scarcely exists anymore. There is still power in baseball. But it lies now on the mound, not in the batter’s box, and can be appreciated in a much different way. n Svrluga ’93 has worked at The Washington Post since 2003 and is now the national baseball writer. He recently wrote his second book, The Grind: Inside Baseball’s Endless Season (Blue Rider Press, 2015).




CRAZY SMART Virginia Woolf’s custom-designed writing desk, used by the author herself. See it in person when the renovated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library opens at the end of August 2015. There will be much to celebrate, including a major new acquisition—the Lisa Unger Baskin Collection. Assembled over 45 years by a noted collector, activist, and bibliophile, it includes thousands of rare books, manuscripts, and artifacts (including Woolf’s desk) documenting over five centuries of women’s work and intellectual contributions. That’s not just smart. That’s crazy smart.

Photo by Annie Schlecter

Keep us in your designs. Support Duke University Libraries.




This summer, an Instagram project called the Duke Global Baton is showcasing the Duke community’s travels, adventures, and daily lives around the world. Every two days, beginning June 1, the Duke Global Baton Instagram account was handed off to a new Blue Devil. Want to see how far the baton went this summer? Search for @DukeGlobalBaton on Instagram.

M. Eric Honeycutt

Alumni Around the World

ONLINE: Pass the Duke Global Baton

“We can’t hold our breath forever/When our brothers cannot breathe/ All good people, won’t you come around/And defend your brother/ All good people, won’t you come around/Hold up each other” –Lyrics from new protest song by Delta Rae Just days after the Charleston shootings, folk-rock band Delta Rae, which includes Blue Devil brothers Ian Holljes ’07 and Eric Holljes ’09, released a new protest song called “All Good People.”

Welcome #Duke2015



In May, Duke Alumni welcomed more than 2,500 graduating seniors across Duke’s undergraduate and graduate and professional schools into the alumni family with the “#Duke2015 Sendoff Party” on the Bryan Center Plaza. Graduates received their official alumni cards and a special gift — a Duke-themed canvas tote or tie. The event also featured music, food, and an informational booth about Duke alumni chapters throughout the world. Were you unable to attend the party? You’ll receive your new alumni card in the mail over the summer.

Duke on the Road

Haven’t made it to a Duke Forward event? There’s still time with three on-the-road events before 2015 is up. Duke Forward arrives in Denver on November 16 and Houston on December 9—bringing Duke to you through lively faculty talks, a floating dinner, remarks from President Brodhead, and networking with your fellow Blue Devils. In addition, Duke Forward revisits Atlanta on November 8 with an “encore” format that promises to provide something new for both first-time and repeat attendees. Ready to go? Visit the Duke Forward website for more details.

Forever Learning?

In June, Duke Alumni launched its first alumni-exclusive online course with cultural anthropology professor Orin Starn. Students watched short lectures and interacted with Starn online. More courses are on the way, and you could be a student. Want to learn more about online educational opportunities exclusively for alumni? Sign up for the new Forever Learning newsletter on the Duke Alumni Association website.


United Kingdom Good place to find a Blue Devil: Find fu  ture alumni hanging out in University ColYoung alumni (ten years out): 72 lege London dormitories, where they are residents while they study in Duke in LonLocal alumni events: President Broddon finance and drama programs. head, Duke trustee chair David Rubenstein   ’70, and DAA president Shep Moyle ’84 vis- Notable Dukies: Sarah Van Kirk ’05, liited London in June to meet with alumni censing executive at The Economist; David at a reception. Alumni attended the Duke Cash ’97, a senior research associate at Alumni European Volunteer Leadership Dementia Research Centre; Sarah Caradec Conference to learn from Duke volunteers ’98, a conservation adviser at The Victorian from across Europe and gain ideas for Society, a nonprofit championing Victorian planning new events in 2015 and beyond.  and Edwardian buildings; Jonathan Rother  mere ’91, chairman of Associated NewspaIt’s a London tradition: Duke Alums Enpers and its parent Daily Mail. gage volunteers work with the Hammersmith & Fulham Foodbank each spring to Showing the flag: 30 United Kingdom collect food and stock the collected items alumni volunteered to interview prospecin the food bank’s facilities. tive students.

Number of alumni: 728

WHERE ARE YOU? Share a photo from your city using @DukeAlumni on Instagram or Twitter and help us show Duke’s reach around the world.

Board of Directors, 2015-2016 President: N. Shepard Moyle ’84 President-elect: Jack W. Boyd ’85 Secretary-Treasurer: Sterly L. Wilder ’83 Vice Presidents: Nikki Hurst Gibson ’80, Winston E. Henderson ’90, Ana Homayoun ’01, Jin-Soo Daniel Huh ’09, Kristin Klein ’82, Courtney Lorenz M.E.M. ’06, Joanne O’Connor ’92, Sara K. Oliver ’06, Mark E. Stalnecker ’73


Duke Magazine Editorial Advisory Board representative: Steven Petrow ’78 Directors-at-large: Linda Alexander ’80, William A. Bermont II ’97, Jonathan P. Cardona M.B.A. ’00, Pola Ayllon Changnon ’85, Jonathan Hung Chou M.B.A. ’99, Mandeep Singh Dillon ’92, Christine Gosnell ’83, Mychal P. Harrison ’01, Aruna Naomi Inalsingh M.B.A. ’95, Lara Louise Jones ’08, David Karger ’95, Paul F. Lagunes ’03, Naakoshie Lamptey Nartey ’02, Gary Nelson ’64, Judith Wagoner Pahren ’84, Rodney C. Pitts ’68, Eric G. Savage ’92, Margaret L. Skoglund ’10, Aisha J. Taylor ’05, Laura M. Wellman ’73

Professional school representatives: Andrea Barnwell Brownlee A.M. ’99, Ph.D. ’01, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Abigail Williford Kocher ’00, M.Div. ’06, Divinity School Kecia Paredes M.B.A. ’04, Fuqua School of Business Courtney Lorenz M.E.M. ’06, Nicholas School of the Environment William Senner B.S.E. ’06, M.E.M. ’06, Pratt School of Engineering Sara Strunk ’88, Sanford School of Public Policy Jennifer Moody Skeesick D.P.T. ’06, Graduate Program in Physical Therapy Mark W. Scroggs M.D. ’84, School of Medicine Joan M. Stanley B.S.N. ’71, School of Nursing Susan Prosnitz J.D. ’89, School of Law

Recent graduate representatives: Andrew L. Hanna ’14, Bret Lesavoy ’15 Faculty representatives: Michelle Connolly, Associate Professor of the Practice of Economics Frederick W. Mayer, Professor of Public Policy, Political Science and Environment Honorary members: Christopher Brian Kennedy Ph.D. ’79, Michael Schoenfeld ’84, Suzanne J. Wasiolek ’76, M.H.A. ’78, LL.M. ’93, Gerald L. Wilson B.D. ’61, A.M. ’68 Ex-officio members: Kaili Baucum ’01, DBA president, Roberta Gonzáles Oyakawa B.S.E. ’86, DUHLAA chair, Frederick W. Steckler ’83, LGBTQ president

Class Act

Remembering Kevin Gray as an actor and an educator



Jon Gardiner


mong the hundreds of roles the late Broadway to rising sophomore, junior, and senior students at Duke actor Kevin Gray ’80 played during his career, and The Hartt School of music, dance, and theater at the there was none he treasured more than the title University of Hartford, where Gray taught throughout his character from Phantom of the Opera. career, enabling recipients to pursue summer musical theater programs. Gray, who died unexpectedly in 2013 from a heart attack, took on the show’s leading role in 1990, becoming “He decided to devote his brilliance and craft to sharing the youngest actor to play the part on Broadway. In all, with others,” says Wisser. “This was Kevin’s passion as an he appeared in more than 8,200 Broadway and nationeducator, and we are continuing his commitment to edual-touring performances of hit musicals such as The Lion cating students.” King, Miss Saigon, and The King and I. But it was the role Gray’s penchant for teaching blossomed from his desire of the misunderstood and reclusive phantom that held the to help others discover the best within themselves, says Petdeepest meaning for Gray, who grew up the son of a Chinese mother and Russian-German-Jewish father in Connecticut in the 1950s. “Phantom resonated with him very personally because he felt like he was an outcast himself and he didn’t fit in,” says Gray’s wife of twenty years, Dodie Pettit. “He could find that in himself to bring to the character.” At a public concert in Baldwin Auditorium on campus during Reunions Weekend this past April, two former Phantoms, Craig Schulman and Cris Groenendaal, with whom Gray toured in a Broadway musical showcase called The Three Phantoms in Concert, took to the stage before nearly 200 alumni and Durham residents. They sang “Music of the Night,” the song that closes every performance of The Phantom of the Opera—paying Night to remember: Former Phantom of the Opera stars Craig Schulman, left, their own vocal tribute to Gray on and Cris Groenendaal, who shared a stage with Gray, sing at his tribute. what would have been his 35th class reunion. The show was organized by former tit. “If he saw a student trying to sing a song, he would classmates Charles Randolph-Wright ’78, Jack Coleman want to help them,” she says. “[He would] want to try to ’80, and Jamie Wisser ’80 to honor Gray’s legacy and to transform their performance, double and triple it.” help pave the way for those wanting to follow in his footsteps. Codirected by Randolph-Wright, the director of Pettit says that because she and Gray never had children Motown: The Musical, and Coleman, a professional actor of their own, Gray’s students “became his kids.” who has appeared in Heroes and Scandal, the concert fea“They idolized him as a dad,” Pettit says. “He didn’t tured Broadway performers from Phantom, Les Miserables, want to go home.” —Natalie Geisler ’15 The Lion King, and other big hits, as well as current and former Duke students pursuing theatrical arts. In lieu of an admission fee, organizers accepted donations to the Kevin Gray Foundation, a nonprofit fund established in 2013 to More information: support scholarships for students interested in musical theater. The foundation will disperse grants of $5,000


How are you ForeverDuke? Chris Hildreth

Sterly Wilder ’83, associate vice president for alumni affairs, in conversation with Jennifer Farrell ’04

Courtesy Jennifer Farrell

Farrell created a new emergency response app called CriticaLink after living in Bangladesh, where there are 160 road fatalities for every two in the United States. The app allows first responders to connect with doctors and trained health-care volunteers to address road emergencies in countries that lack an ambulance response system. It won Bangladesh’s 2015 National Mobile App Award in the Health and Environment category. In May, Farrell was in Nepal training volunteer first responders when the first of the country’s two earthquakes hit.

What inspired you to launch CriticaLink? The idea for CriticaLink started in 2012. I connected with a trauma surgeon at Tulane University, where I was attending medical school. We went to Bangladesh for a month and met a man named Korvi, who did his law degree in London and came back to Bangladesh at twenty-two to move to the slums and start schools. He has 20,000 youth volunteers and eighteen schools. We trained a bunch of his young volunteers as well as some medical students and doctors in advanced trauma. I had a couple of kids ask me: “What do I do now? I’ve learned all of this first aid. Am I just waiting around for an accident to happen?” I thought that was a good point. We have to connect the people. It’s not enough to just train them. There is no infrastructure for emergency response. So we will have to build it. I applied for a Fulbright to create CriticaLink, and we launched the app and the service.

Response 101: When the first of Nepal’s two recent earthquakes hit, Farrell worked alongside Nepali emergency health workers to assess health conditions. 62

How does CriticaLink work? Let’s say you had an accident. Somebody could call a number like they would call 911— or if they had the app, they could snap a picture and send it to our CriticaLink server. Anyone in the area who is a trained first responder will get a mobile alert, and if they’re free, they go. I train the first responders. Once they pass all their certifications, then we put them in the system. You recently were in Nepal during the earthquake. Tell us what you learned about CriticaLink’s potential to help during a disaster. I went to Nepal to see whether we could expand there. I wanted to do some trainings with Sherpas and some of the medical schools in Kathmandu and Pokhara. What we saw was utter devastation. I felt very helpless. The promising thing about CriticaLink and its potential for use during future disasters is that the mobile technology was working in Nepal after the earthquake. We had some mobile technology when we didn’t have electricity or water and the aftershocks were still going. Mobile technology is something we need to harness during a disaster. Everybody has a mobile phone. If you have a way to connect them through an app, through a system, it is possible to help during a disaster. The Nepali had cell service up and running within three days—before USAID got there. How did your Duke experience prepare you for your journey into medicine? I had an amazing Duke experience. I was involved in Duke EMS, a student team of

certified emergency medical technicians, which was something that I really enjoyed a lot. I was on the squad the whole time and crew chief. We got our first vehicle my senior year. We used to get rides with the Duke University police department. I also went to South Africa with the SOL Service Opportunities in Leadership program, and I was teaching EMTs. I was working at the Amy Biehl Foundation on a Fulbright scholarship. I ended up writing a curriculum for first aid and health that we implemented in fifteen schools in the townships there. Ten years later, here I am in a project in Bangladesh on a Fulbright scholarship and feeling very tied back to my experience with the SOL program. What is your advice to Duke students and alumni who would like to pursue medicine and entrepreneurship? We have this extraordinary network that I had not previously tapped into. When I needed a lawyer, I got a lawyer in a day. When I needed an accounting firm or donors or press, the Duke community really solidified behind me, which has given us the ability to make such huge progress in such a short amount of time. Ask for the things you need. I plan to return the favor. I’ve got a Duke junior, Tina Chen, coming to intern for me this summer. She’s a computer-science student, and she’s also on the Duke EMS team. She contacted me and said, “Can I come do research on the CriticaLink app and user experience?” I was thrilled. -Edited by Christina Holder


Want to be featured in Class Notes? Check out for style tips and submission guidelines, or e-mail us at


Robert A. Wolff ’42 set a Guinness World Record for having the longest career as a broadcaster—75 years. He is one of two broadcasters who have been honored by the Baseball Hall of Fame as well as the Basketball Hall of Fame. He has been a sportscaster for News 12 Long Island since 1986.


Arthur W. Judd ’52 donates blood to the Red Cross every two months. Since 1952, he has given 38 gallons of blood.

Ruth E. Davis McCahan ’57 is founding president of the nonprofit Lamorinda Village Inc., a virtual village designed to help the growing senior population age comfortably and confidently. Based on the Beacon Hill Village in Boston, this project will draw on a volunteer workforce in the San Francisco Bay Area. William G. Sharpe IV ’57, M.Div. ’60 retired as university chaplain and director of the Raleigh Wesley Foundation. He recently served as volunteer chair of the curriculum committee of LIFE@Elon, the lifelong-learning institute at Elon University.


Ronald E. Marcello A.M. ’65, Ph.D. ’69 wrote Small Town America in World War II: War Stories From Wrightsville, Pennsylvania. He is professor emeritus of history at the University of North Texas and was director of the university’s Oral History Program for 37 years. Frederick L. Schultz ’65 is serving his third term on the city council for Takoma Park, Md. He retired from commercial banking in 2009 after 15 years in the field. ’66 | 50th Reunion April 15-17, 2016

E. Reid Gilbert ’53 wrote his fourth book, The Twelve Houses of my Childhood, and is finishing his fifth, Life After Duke. He is professor emeritus at The Ohio State University and lives in Tucson, Ariz., where he is active in the Old Pueblo Playwrights.

Roger J. Colley ’60 wrote In Three Days, a thriller tale of a 9/11 attack on the U.S. with a modified Ebola virus that can be spread airborne. He resides in Huntingdon Valley, Pa.

Barbara A. Pfohl Mink ’67, M.A.T. ’68, Ed.D. ’71 was elected board officer for the Austin Community College board of trustees. She is also a professor in the School of Human and Organization Development at Fielding Graduate University in Santa Barbara, Calif.

Milton Teichman A.M. ’53 wrote A Teacher of the Holocaust and Other Stories, a collection of stories. He is a painter, sculptor, lecturer on art and literature, and writer of short fiction.

Gilbert V. Boro ’61 runs a community arts organization, Studio 80 + Sculpture Grounds. A sculptor working in Old Lyme, Conn., he was an architect in Boston for 40 years.

Richard L. Reece ’56, M.D. ’60 wrote The Road to Hell Is Paved With Good Intentions: The Story of ObamaCare. He is a pathologist, editor, author, and speaker.

Judith E. Harlow B.S.N. ’64 won the state championship at the USTA level with the S.C. Keowee Key Kwik-Steps, a senior USTA women’s tennis team. She retired from a career in nursing in 2004.

Jacob A. “Lon” Bouknight Jr. J.D. ’68 became a partner in the electric-power group at Steptoe & Johnson’s headquarters in Washington. He previously was executive vice president and general counsel for Public Service Enterprise Group Inc. David M. Lavine ’68 has been honored by the American Society of Plastic Surgery for his proposal and development of the Icon Project, a video

Contact our charitable planning experts. Duke University Office of Gift Planning




(919) 681-0464




documentary project to preserve the history of the plastic-surgery field. He is founder and director of a cosmetic surgery practice in Fort Worth, Texas. Charles F. Dameron Jr. ’69 wrote Waiting for an Etcher, a book of poetry. He is professor emeritus of English at the University of Texas-Brownsville. MARRIAGES Bobbi Bruton ’62 to McLaurin E. Rivers on May 3, 2014. Residence: Thomasville, N.C.


John A. Diffey ’70 announced plans to retire as president and CEO of the Kendal Corp. next year. Over his 40-year career, he served on the board of directors of the nonprofit association LeadingAge, as chair of its committee on continuing-care retirement communities, and as a founding co-chair of its leadership development program, among other roles. ’71 | 45th Reunion April 15-17, 2016 Cynthia A. Griggs Fleming A.M. ’75, Ph.D. ’77 recently retired from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville after 32 years of service. She is professor emerita of history at UTK, as well as an author, civil rights historian, and oral-history specialist. She was the first black woman to earn a Ph.D. in history from Duke. Robert L. Frizzelle ’75 was named vice president at Booz Allen Hamilton in McLean, Va. He previously was a vice president at CSC.

G. Bill Brown Jr. J.D. ’80 is CEO of NET Power, a clean source of electricity from natural gas. The company received a large investment for a new power plant.

Richard A. Schwartz ’75 topped the list of North Carolina’s largest verdicts and settlements for the second year in a row. As lead counsel representing the Roan-Salisbury Board of Education, he negotiated a settlement that will produce more than $49 million in county funding for school facilitates in a legal dispute with county commissioners.

John H. Hickey J.D. ’80 was named a Top Lawyer in the 2015 South Florida Legal Guide. He also was listed as a Florida Super Lawyer in 2014. He recently moderated the Judicial Ethics Roundtable at the Dade County Bar Association Bench and Bar Conference. He is the leading trial lawyer with Hickey Law Firm in Miami.

’76 | 40th Reunion April 15-17, 2016

Stephen H. Kehoe ’80 was named associate judge of Maryland’s Second Judicial Circuit

Mark J. Prak ’77, J.D. ’80 was named in the 2015 North Carolina Super Lawyers for communications. He is a partner with Brooks Pierce in its Greensboro office. Mary G.B. Boney Denison ’78 was appointed as U.S. commissioner for trademarks by U.S. Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker. She previously served as deputy commissioner for trademark operations. J. Ed Turlington ’79 was named in the 2015 North Carolina Super Lawyers for business and corporate law. He is a partner in Brooks Pierce in Greensboro. John T. York M.A.T. ’79 received the Linda Flowers Literary Award from the N.C. Humanities Council for his memoir essay, “O Beautiful Bug.”

Learn Without Limits “Graduate Liberal Studies has given me a world class education. I’ve been able to focus on what I want and need to study personally and professionally. Duke University is an amazing institution and GLS is truly an asset for those of us who can’t take two years away from work to pursue our academic dreams.” Charles Duncan (MALS 2015) Investigative journalist and founder of Raleigh Public Record Graduate Liberal Studies at Duke University offers a master’s degree for part or full-time study to students who are seeking to expand their knowledge and continue their personal and professional growth. Tuition assistance available.

Graduate Liberal Studies 64


Robert E. Jackson ’75 was honored as a Cleveland Browns Legend. He played 11 seasons with the NFL’s Cleveland Browns. He is a partner at Jackson, Dieken & Associates, an insurance agency in Westlake, Ohio.

’81 | 35th Reunion April 15-17, 2016 Rita A. Sheffey Ph.D. ’82 was named assistant dean for public service at Emory University. She previously worked for more than 27 years at Hunton & Williams, where she founded the law firm’s pro bono clinic. Stephen A. Meffert ’85 founded VeloMed, which provides first-responder medical care for cyclists who participate in cycling events in Sonoma County, Calif. He has practiced vitreoretinal surgery and has enjoyed cycling in Sonoma County for nearly 17 years. ’86 | 30th Reunion April 15-17, 2016 Anita Kassof ’86 became the executive director of the Baltimore Museum of Industry. She recently served as the deputy director of the Museum of Jewish Heritage in New York. Kimberly D. Reed ’86 was recognized for her pro bono assistance to the National Coalition of Community-Based Correctional & Community Re-Entry Service Organizations. She is a lawyer in Potomac, Md. Heather L. Higbee ’87 was appointed to the Circuit Court bench by Florida Governor Rick Scott. She serves in the Ninth Judicial Circuit in Orlando. James R. Koepke ’87 was awarded second place in the master’s category for “most life-like eye” in the 34th annual Virginia Taxidermists Association Convention. Robert K. MacEwen ’87 wrote Matthean Posteriority: An Exploration of Matthew’s Use of Mark and Luke as a Solution to the Synoptic Problem. He is a professor of biblical studies at East Asia School of Theology in Singapore. Rachel L. Braun Scherl ’87 was named among the 2015 Best 50 Women in Business by NJBIZ. She is cofounder and principal of Spark Solutions for Growth, a consultancy. Robert S. Freedman ’88 is a shareholder with Carlton Fields Jorden Burt in its Tampa office. A specialist in real-estate development matters, he co-chairs the firm’s real-estate and finance practice group and chairs the development industry group.

Cary D. Pugh ’88 is a U.S. Tax Court judge nominee. She is a lawyer in private practice in Washington. Charity S. Scribner ’88 wrote After the Red Army Faction: Gender, Culture, and Militancy. She is an associate professor at the Center for the Humanities at the Graduate Center, City University of New York. She also teaches comparative literature at the Graduate Center and LaGuardia Community College. Nelson C. Bellido ’89 spoke at the 2015 Corporate Counsel Conference and Ulvado Herrera Moot Court Competition in March. He is a managing partner in the Miami office of Roig Lawyers. MARRIAGES Roderic L. Mullen ’83, M.Div. ’86 to Xia Zhou on Jan. 28, 2015. Residence: Durham…Angela Beaver Simmons ’89 to Jeffrey W. Behmer on April 26, 2014. Residence: Hickory, N.C.

David L. Hudson Jr. ’90 was appointed director of academic affairs and legal writing at the Nashville School of Law, as well as ombudsman for the Newseum Institute’s First Amendment Center. He previously served as senior law clerk for Chief Justice Sharon G. Lee of the Tennessee Supreme Court. Melissa H. Ditz Proctor ’90 was inducted into the inaugural class of the Philadelphia Area Disc Alliance’s Hall of Fame for her work on behalf of Ultimate Frisbee. She recently played at the 2014 Masters Nationals. Truman T. Semans Jr. ’90, M.B.A. ’01 is founder and CEO of a new firm, Element Capital Advisors. He is also senior adviser to Cleantech Group GreenOrder, where he was principal and partner from 2008 to 2013. ’91 |25th Reunion April 15-17, 2016 Robert A. Book ’91 testified before the health subcommittee of the House Ways and Means Committee on the impact of the Affordable Care Act on the Medicare Advantage program. He is senior research director at Health Systems Innovations Network. Katie A. Gailes M.B.A. ’91 was promoted to director of entrepreneurship initiatives at Wake Technical Community College. She previously served as counselor in the small-business center at the college. G. Scott Hulsey ’91 was named senior counsel for the deputy attorney general at the U.S. Department of Justice. He previously served as chief of the Transnational Organized Crime and Narcotics Section for the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of Georgia. Jennifer K. Van Zant ’91 was named in the 2015 North Carolina Super Lawyers as well as in Business North Carolina’s Legal Elite. She is a partner with Brooks Pierce in its Greensboro office.

Associated Press


Berkeley G. Harrison ’90 was named an investment counselor at Citi Private Bank in Los Angeles.

HAPPY 100th BIRTHDAY, Jerome Bruner

Jerome Bruner ’37, one of the most influential psychologists of the twentieth century, is set to become a centenarian on October 1, 2015. Bruner began his journey into the world of psychology at Duke and later went on to earn a master’s degree and doctorate from Harvard University. He is known for coining the term “scaffolding,” which is used in developmental psychology to describe the way children build upon skills and information they have mastered. In addition, Bruner’s research in developmental psychology and children’s education paved the way for Head Start, the federal program begun in 1965 to provide comprehensive early childhood education for low-income children. Bruner has fifteen published books, including his pioneering A Study of Thinking. The book formally initiated the study of cognitive psychology. Bruner is currently a senior research fellow at the New York University School of Law.

—Genesis Jackson

Angela D. Alsobrooks ’93 was elected for a second term as state’s attorney for Prince George’s County, Md.

Tiffani L. Sherman ’95 received the Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America’s 2015 National Newsmaker of the Year Award.

Valerie A. Steer Marsh ’94 became a partner in Baker & McKenzie with the firm’s corporate and securities practice in Washington.

’96 | 20th Reunion April 15-17, 2016

Christopher J. Vaughn J.D. ’94 was named in the 2015 Best Lawyers in America, as well as in Business North Carolina’s Legal Elite, both for real-estate law. He is a director with Carruthers & Roth in Greensboro. Stacey M. Gray ’95 received an honorable mention from the New York Law Journal. She is a solo practitioner in New York.

Thomas A. Bates ’97 was named a member of the Center for the Study of Social Policy’s board of directors. He is special counsel and director of government affairs at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle. Lisa A. Ells ’97 was promoted to partner at Rosen Bien Galvan & Grunfeld in San Francisco. Her practice focuses on appellate law, as well as commercial litigation and civil rights and civil liberties. DUKE MAGAZINE



Travel with Duke Your friends. Your faculty. Your dream destinations. Where do you want to go in 2016? #DukeIsEverywhere

Art of Living in Bali, Feb. 18-Mar. 12, 2016 This ad contains interactive media. Download the free Layar app and scan this entire ad.

Bangkok to Bali on the Eastern & Oriental Express, Oct. 6-18, 2016 ŠiStock


© iSt oc k

Alaska, May 21-28 Columbia & Snake River, Oct. 19-25

ak er

Costa Rica’s Natural Heritage, Jan. 11-22 Sailing Caribbean’s Windward Islands, Jan. 30-Feb. 6 Panama to Costa Rica, Mar. 12-19 Cuba, Apr. 16-23 Baja Family, Dec. 26-Jan. 1

n he tep ©S


Amazon River Expedition, Feb. 26-Mar. 6 Galapagos, June 17-26 Peru, Aug. 15-25 Chile & Patagonia, Oct. 27-Nov. 6

iS ©

ge s

Egypt & the Eternal Nile, Feb. 1-15 Moroccan Discovery, Mar. 11-24 Southern Africa - Zambezi River Boat, Mar. 12-24 Tanzania Adventure, Sept. 21-Oct. 5 Madagascar, June

Art of Living in Bali, Feb. 18-Mar. 12 Insider’s Japan, Apr. 2-14 China Family, July Young Alumni China Passage, Sept. The Five “stans”, Sept. 20-Oct. 8 Bangkok to Bali, Oct. 6-18 China & Tibet, Oct. 10-26 Israel, Oct. 19-30 Mystical India, Oct. 30-Nov. 15

to ck

Duke Catholic Ctr: Pilgrimage, Assisi to Rome, Feb. 15-25 European Coastal Civilization, Apr. 16-24 Waterways of Holland and Belgium, Apr. 20-28 Voyage to Antiquity: Malaga to Rome, Apr. 21-29 Art of Living in Tuscany, Apr. 22-May 14 Stepping Stones of Western Civilization, Apr. 23-May 1 Paradores and Pousadas of S. Spain, May 5-19 Art of Living in Madrid, May 8-30 ACA Apulia & Amalfi Coast, May 10-19 Paris Immersion, May 26-June 6 In the Wake of the Vikings, June 8-16 ACA Scottish Highlands and English Lakes, June 13-24 Changing Tides of Baltic Sea, June 15-24 Cruise the Face of Europe, June 23-July 8 Town and Country Oxford, July 8-16 Nordic Magnificence, July 25-Aug. 7 Rivieras & Islands (Barcelona to Rome), Sept. 9-17 London Immersion, Sept. 16-27 Portrait of Italy, Sept. 17-Oct. 3 Dordogne, Sept. 22-30 Coastal Iberia, Sept. 23-Oct. 1 ACA Sicily, Sept. 24-Oct. 3 Discovering Eastern Europe, Oct. 6-22 ACA Portugal, Oct. 7-16 Art of Living in Provence, Oct. 7-29

a m yI ett ©G

ni ed uP ona nt

Antarctica, Jan. 26-Feb. 8

...and also adding 2017 programs. Check for an updated list.

g pa om ©C

Email us at with a list of the trips that interest you. We will send you more information and add you to the mailing list. Or call us at 1-800-FOR-DUKE.

Todd R. Overman ’97 launched GovCon blog, which focuses on timely cases, protests, and regulatory updates to inform contractors and others. He is a lawyer in the government contracts practice group in the Washington office of Bass, Berry & Sims. J. Scot Ransbottom M.S. ’97 was named chief of staff and deputy chief information officer for Virginia Tech’s Information Technology Division. He previously served as deputy director of the Information Technology Security Lab. Julianne M. Hartzell B.S.E. ’98 was named in the 2014 Law Bulletin’s 40 Illinois Attorneys Under 40 to Watch. She is a partner and chair with Marshall, Gerstein & Borun in Chicago. Udele J. Tagoe ’98 joined Aria Health’s Center for Gynecology & Women’s Health in the Philadelphia area. She previously worked with the University of Pennsylvania and Tenet Health system. Benjamin C. Torbert ’98, Ph.D. ’04 was named director of the graduate program in the English department at the University of Missouri­­ St. Louis, where he is also an associate professor of linguistics at the university. Noah D. Beck ’99 was promoted to partner at Schulte Roth & Zabel. His practice is focused on tax aspects of domestic and cross-border mergers and acquisitions, among other matters. Tram V. Nguyen B.S.E. ’99 was named global head of corporate strategy for Bank of America. MARRIAGES Kristen Pierson ’92 to Lester Jones on March 22, 2014. Residence: Monmouth Beach, N.J.… S. Katherine Laughon ’95 to Brad Grantz on Oct. 19, 2013. Residence: Washington. BIRTHS & ADOPTIONS Leilani Claire to Bradford H. Andrews ’92 and Sarah Andrews on April 6, 2015…Thomas Beau to Laura C. Gentile-Bagot ’94 and Tom Bagot on April 23, 2015…Jack Milton to Adam D. Friend ’95 and Jennie Friend on Feb. 24, 2015… Eli Traeger to Michele S. Traeger ’95 and Scott Kaufman on May 25, 2014…Isabel Piper to Stacey A. Miness Mayer ’97 and David Mayer on July 20, 2014…Joseph William to Joseph L. Giacobbe B.S.E. ’98 and Christina Giacobbe on March 9, 2015…Lucy Elizabeth to Daniel M. Segal ’98 and Lenor Segal on Jan. 29, 2015… Sally Eve to Stefanie Merry Wool ’99 and David Turetsky on Feb. 10, 2015...Annabelle Kilbey adopted by John T. Parry B.S.E. ’95 and Tracey Parry.


Lewis W. Schlossberg ’00, J.D. ’03 cofounded Wall Street Magnate, a free fantasy-trading platform. He is a corporate-securities lawyer living in Bryn Mawr, Pa. ’01 | 15th Reunion April 15-17, 2016 Christina M. Andersen M.B.A. ’01 was named a Henry Crown Fellow by the Aspen Institute. She is general manager of GE’s measurement and sensing division. 68

Creative Commons

Rio Bound?

Blue Devils are setting their sights on the 2016 Olympic games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Among those vying for spots on Olympic teams are Jessica Springsteen ’14, above, a competitive equestrienne who has been riding since age five and competed in the Olympic trials in 2012, and professional golfer Candy Hannemann ’02, a former Duke women’s golf star who hopes to represent her home country of Brazil. In addition, Coach K will take to the basketball court with the U.S. men’s national team. Coach K led the U.S. men’s national team to gold in both 2008 and 2012. Plus: Closer to home, Boston Celtics co-owner Steve Pagliuca ’77 is hoping to lead Beantown to a successful Olympic bid in 2024 as the new chairman of the city’s Olympic bid committee.

Eva B. DuBuisson ’01, M.P.P. ’07 became a partner at Tharrington Smith in Raleigh, where she practices education law.

Rebecca L. Young Baker ’03 was named a partner at Bracewell & Giuliani in Houston. She practices employment law.

Ryan L. VanGrack ’01 was named senior adviser to the chair of the Securities & Exchange Commission in Washington. He previously served as senior counsel to the director of the S.E.C.’s Enforcement Division and as a deputy associate counsel in the White House.

Heather J. Chisum Rhodes Ph.D. ’03 was granted tenure at Denison University. A neuroethologist, she studies the biological basis of social communication and has been working with Denison’s biology department since 2008.

Michael P. Carolan ’02 was named a shareholder by Winderweedle, Haines, Ward & Woodman in Orlando. He practices in the firm’s real-estate and corporate- and commercial-litigation practice areas.

Scott E. Atkinson ’04 was named a director of Carr McClellan, a business-litigation boutique firm in the San Francisco Bay area. He practices business litigation with a focus on trade secrets, employee mobility, and complex commercial contract disputes.

Kathleen E. Henderson Finley ’04 works with the client experience group at Northern Trust. She previously worked in the company’s wealth-management group. She lives in Chicago. Lawrence E. Flynn III ’04 was selected for the 2015 class of Leadership South Carolina, a statewide leadership program. He is a member of Pope Zeigler law firm in Columbia, S.C. Cameron V. Levy B.S.E. ’04 founded Beansprock, a start-up to help employees find good matches in prospective employees. He previously worked as a consultant. Robert E. Behrens ’05 cofounded Snowfoot to market a new type of snowshoe for freeride skiers and snowboarders. He lives in Val d’Ayas, Italy.

BIRTHS Gracen Kennedy to Grant R. Allen B.S.E. ’00 and Katherine Allen on Sept. 20, 2014…Sebastian Brooks to Christopher D. Brandt ’00 and Sarah Brandt on March 17, 2015…Gabriel to Jamie M. Brodsky ’00 and Nisha Brodsky on Jan. 9, 2014…Ashlyn Elaine to Stephanie Rogers Purdy ’00 and Shawn Purdy on June 24, 2014… Ellery Winslow to Andrew A. Bender J.D. ’01, M.B.A. ’01 and Julia Bender on Dec. 26, 2014… Tristan Alexander to Kristen Stenvall Shejen ’01, M.B.A. ’08 and Matthew Shejen on Jan. 14, 2015…Julia Devon to Meredith Young Sofer ’01 and Craig Sofer on Jan. 23, 2015…Jackson Avram to Andrew S. Chalson ’02 and Danielle Schillinger Chalson B.S.E. ’02 on Dec. 13, 2014…Calvin Patrick to Amy Venter

Dameron ’02 and Scott Dameron on Jan. 12, 2015…Mila Rina to Jessica Blake Dickinson ’02 and Ori Ben-Akiva on Jan. 2, 2015…Lily Grace to Kevin L. Hoover B.S.E. ’02, M.Eng.M ’03 and Sara Hoover on April 3, 2015…Patrick Skelly to Gillian Groarke Burns ’03 and Jason Burns on Jan. 6, 2015…William Christopher to Christopher G. Gough ’03 and Whitney MacDonald Gough on Jan. 29, 2015…Coen Teague to Sharon Hodde Miller ’03, M.Div. ’07 and Isaac F. Miller M.Div. ’10 on Feb. 16, 2015… Josephine Blair to Stephen P. Misuraca ’03, M.B.A. ’09 and Katherine LaFiura Misuraca ’04, Ph.D. ’14 on March 14, 2015…Emma Rose to Amy E. Ligler Schoenhard J.D. ’03 and Paul Schoenhard on March 21, 2015…Hope Searle to Ashley J. Younger ’03 and Mark W.

’06 | 10th Reunion April 15-17, 2016 Jason G. Cooper M.S. ’06 was named chief analytics officer at Horizon BCBS of New Jersey. Gregory L. Segal ’06 won Verizon’s 2014 Powerful Answers competition. He is a cofounder of Organize, a nonprofit that makes it easier for people to register to be organ donors. Kellyann N. Jones-Jamtgaard ’07 received the 2015 Emerging Public Policy Leadership Award from the American Institute of Biological Sciences. She is a Ph.D. candidate in the department of microbiology, immunology, and molecular genetics at the University of Kansas Medical Center.

Forever Learning. Forever Duke. Duke provides hundreds of educational opportunities to alumni online, on campus, and around the globe.

Anthony A. Manela ’07 received a Ph.D. in philosophy from Georgetown University. Andrew K. Pelehach ’08 received an M.B.A. with distinction from the University of Michigan’s Stephen M. Ross School of Business. He is a global strategist at Samsung in Seoul, South Korea. Kathryn E. Alberts Peluso ’09 graduated cum laude from Fordham University School of Law. She is an associate at Holland & Knight in the firm’s public-companies and securities group. She lives in Tampa, Fla. MARRIAGES Lesley J. Rudolph ’01 to Jon Phillipson on Dec. 20, 2014. Residence: Tampa, Fla.… Meghan E. Feldmeyer M.Div. ’02 to T. Adam Benson M.Div. ’14 on Nov. 8, 2014. Residence: Durham…Emily R. Kernan ’03 to Brad L. Schoenfeldt ’03 on Sept. 26, 2014. Residence: New York…Erin Bendure ’05 to Charles Henkel on July 26, 2014. Residence: Houston…Anna S. Cobb ’05 to Phillip Perkinson on Oct. 4, 2014. Residence: Raleigh… Kassandra C. Doyle ’05 to Isaac Taylor on Dec. 31, 2014. Residence: Miami… Stephanie E. Shinn ’05 to Mark C. Wright M.B.A. ’14 on Nov. 8, 2014. Residence: Chicago…Rebecca D. Fairchild ’07 to Brian J. Lewis B.S.E. ’07, M.Eng.M ’10 on Sept. 6, 2014. Residence: Washington…Kathryn E. Alberts ’09 to Andrew Peluso J.D. ’13 on Nov. 8, 2014. Residence: Tampa, Fla.…Jessica L. Barlow B.S.E. ’09 to Nathan Becker on Nov. 15, 2014. Residence: Brooklyn, N.Y.

Sign up to receive the Forever Learning Newsletter!





Ray Barfield, associate professor of pediatrics at Duke Children’s Hospital & Health Center, and associate professor of Christian philosophy at Duke Divinity School, explores the unexpected intersections of arts, medicine, and theology to help doctors and patients better understand illness, suffering, and dying. Use LAYAR to view Dr. Barfield’s video

Kimberly L. Blackwell ’89, professor of medicine, assistant professor of radiation oncology, and director of the breast cancer program at the Duke Cancer Institute, shares her pioneering research on the evolution— and revolution—of breast cancer treatment. Use LAYAR to view Dr. Blackwell’s video

IDEAS THAT MOVE THE WORLD FORWARD INNOVATORS IN HEALTH Your health is everything. Duke innovators in health are pioneering critical advancements in research, education, and patient care to address the needs of you and your loved ones. Their revolutionary ideas focus on both the health care needs of society today and the future of health and medicine. Gary G. Bennett, Ph.D. ’02, professor of psychology, global health, and medicine, and Director of Duke Global Digital Health Science Center and Duke Obesity Prevention Program, explains how digital health can engage and empower patients to prevent obesity in high-risk populations. Use LAYAR to view Dr. Bennett’s video

Download the LAYAR app and scan the photo to view the videos of three Duke innovators in health—Blackwell, Barfield, and Bennett— discussing their ideas that move the world forward.

But they are more than ideas. They are ideas put into action. Your support of the Duke Forward campaign to raise $3.25 billion by June 30, 2017, advances the future of health and medicine for all. Discover how at

Follow us for regular campaign updates.

Younger B.S.E. ’03 on Jan. 27, 2015… David Williams to Elizabeth Yount Austin ’04 and Michael D. Austin ’05 on Oct. 31, 2014… Thompson Cavanaugh to Laura Beach Dugan ’05, J.D. ’08 and Brendan C. Dugan M.B.A. ’07 on March 29, 2014…Greyson Thaddeus Zechariah to Na’Tima Mondaine Harrison ’05 and Brandon Harrison on Aug. 21, 2014… Eliza Jayne to Jeffrey D. Miller ’05, M.B.A. ’11 and Lauren M. Ruderman Miller ’05 on Nov. 21, 2014…Graham Harrison to Charlotte Decker Morgan ’05 and Gabriel A. Morgan ’05 on April 12, 2015…Charlotte Jane to Caitlin Spillane King ’06 and Kevin P. King ’06 on Dec. 12, 2014…Violet Marie to William B. Senner B.S.E. ’06, M.E.M. ’06 and Kate Senner on Feb. 20, 2015…Ali Tauqeer to Huma Fatima Dawood ’07 and Tauqeer Dawood on Aug. 24, 2014…Josephine Anne to Jennifer Wimsatt Pusateri J.D. ’08, LL.M. ’08 and Michael A. Pusateri J.D. ’08, LL.M. ’08 on Feb. 17, 2015… Cooper Michael to Jessica Marchant Hartzog J.D. ’09 and Christopher Hartzog on July 17, 2014.


Lorcan Shannon LL.B. ’10 opened the Law Offices of Lorcan Shannon, a boutique immigration law practice in New York.

’11 | 5th Reunion April 15-17, 2016 Meaghan K. FitzGerald ’11 became an associate with Keating Muething & Klekamp in the firm’s litigation group in Cincinnati. She recently

earned her law degree from The Ohio State University Moritz College of Law.

C. Wright M.B.A. ’14 to Stephanie E. Shinn ’05 on Nov. 8, 2014. Residence: Chicago.

Laura C. Paulsen M.S. ’11 qualified for the U.S. Olympic Trials in the marathon. She is a graduate student at the MIT Sloan School of Management.

BIRTHS Coen Teague to Isaac F. Miller M.Div. ’10 and Sharon Hodde Miller ’03, M.Div. ’07 on Feb. 16, 2015…Marin Lucille to Nathaniel B. Askwith M.B.A. ’11 and Sarah Askwith on Sept. 15, 2014…Violet Mae to Jessica L. McElheny Werdel M.S.N. ’11 and Mark Werdel on Dec. 28, 2014…McKinley Ann to Karla A. Stearns M.S.N. ’12 and Matt Lambson on Feb. 26, 2015…Reagan Lee to Richard L. Karcher M.B.A. ’14 and Kelly Karcher on Feb. 17, 2015.

Hiba Hashmi M.E.M. ’13 became an environmental, health, and safety engineer at Northrop Grumman Corp. in Falls Church, Va. She previously lived in Jacksonville, Fla., with her husband. Michaela Margida M.S. ’13 cofounded The Valentine Project, a nonprofit that serves ill children and their siblings throughout Ohio. She is a doctoral student in environmental science at the University of Toledo. MARRIAGES Nicholas F. Lenning J.D. ’11 to Cassandra D. Webster J.D. ’11 on May 31, 2014. Residence: Alexandria, Va.…Jessica R. Wikstrom M.S.N. ’11 to Seth McLamb on Sept. 27, 2014. Residence: Asheville, N.C.…Laurin N. Daniels M.T.S. ’13 to Alan B. Allred on Nov. 16, 2013. Residence: High Point, N.C.…Andrew Peluso J.D. ’13 to Kathryn E. Alberts ’09 on Nov. 8, 2014. Residence: Tampa, Fla.…T. Adam Benson M.Div. ’14 to Meghan E. Feldmeyer M.Div. ’02 on Nov. 8, 2014. Residence: Durham… William J. Burns IV ’14 to Victoria A. Scott ’14 on July 5, 2014. Residence: Nashville, Tenn.… Holly V. Kuestner M.E.M. ’14 to Bryan Gaston on May 25, 2014. Residence: San Francisco…Mark

Building Champions

INMEMORIAM Kathryn S. Harris ’34 of Charlotte, on Dec. 9, 2014. She worked at Union National Bank in Charlotte before joining the pediatric department at Emory University. She later lived in West Virginia and Arkansas before moving back to Charlotte. She is survived by a daughter, Kathryn Harris Cook ’66; a son-in-law, Joseph W. Cook Jr. ’64; and three grandchildren, including William H. Cook ’90 and Marcus P. Cook M.D. ’97. Hortense M. Fraser Gibson ’37 of Durham, on Sept. 15, 2014. Atwell R. Turquette A.M. ’37 of Champaign, Ill., on Dec. 14, 2014. A mathematician and logician, he worked at Florida Southern College, was a fellow at both the University of Chicago and Cornell University, and then worked at the University of Illinois until retirement. His contributions to mathematics and logic were numerous, including work in the areas of multi-valued circuits, Pascal’s triangles, and triadic logic. He is survived by his brother and a niece. Mary L. Lineberger Ziv R.N. ’37 of Portsmouth, Va., on April 11, 2013. Survivors include two sisters; a brother; and a cousin, Henry O. Lineberger Jr. ’50.

The Iron Dukes is known for building champions on and off the courts and fields. To continue our trajectory of excellence in both academics and athletics, Duke must have the resources to drive our future success and enrich the lilives of Duke student-athletes as they strive to be champions in the classroom and at the highest level of athletic competition. Now is the time to make investments that will build champions.

Margaret A. March Eddins ’38 of Fairhope, Ala., on Aug. 26, 2014. She taught for many decades in the public school systems in Alabama and retired as a faculty member at the University of Alabama. Survivors include five grandchildren and 13 great-grandchildren. Sarah M. Hefelfinger ’38 of Carlisle, Pa., on Sept. 9, 2014. She was president of the board of directors of the Sarah A. Todd Nursing Home and a founding board member of One West Penn. She also received a Volunteer of the Year Award from the Carlisle Chamber of Commerce. She is survived by two daughters, a son, eight grandchildren, and 18 great-grandchildren. Andrew H. Masset ’38 of Guadalajara, Mexico, on Feb. 4, 2014. Survivors include three daughters and a son. Twitter @theirondukes


(919) 613-7575


Facebook The Iron Dukes

Instagram theirondukes

Amile Jefferson, Men’s Basketball, Junior

Sula M. Barbee Parks B.S.N. ’38, B.S.N. ’40 of High Point, N.C., on Oct. 29, 2014. She was on the board of trustees of Watts Hospital and served as president of various councils for the Girl Scouts. She was president of two PTAs and the Durham

County chapter of the American Field Service. She is survived by three daughters, a son, nine grandchildren, and eight great-grandchildren. Mary L. Cothran Gregory B.S.N. ’39 of Inman, S.C., on Sept. 10, 2014. She worked for the Inman Elementary School District No. 1 for 14 years, serving in special education and as a nurse. She also was involved in the PTA and the National Campers & Hikers Association. Survivors include two daughters, a son, two brothers, a sister, seven grandchildren, eight great-grandchildren, and a great-great-grandchild. John B. Reinhart ’39 of Hendersonville, Pa., on Dec. 3, 2014. A physician in the Army, he attained the rank of captain. Throughout his career, he was chief of pediatrics and infectious diseases at Oliver General Hospital, an associate professor of pediatrics at Bowman Gray (now Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center), and the first child psychiatrist at the Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh. He also consulted at Trend Mental Health Center, was on the Ethics Committee at Margaret Pardee Hospital, and was a board member of Four Seasons Hospice. He received a Simon Wile Award from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and the C. Anderson Aldrich Award from the American Academy of Pediatrics. He is survived by his wife, Helen; two daughters; four sons; a sister; 16 grandchildren; and 16 great-grandchildren. Betty Rescorla Wallace ’39 of Atlantic Highlands, N.J., on Aug. 14, 2014. She worked for Monmouth County Family and Children Services for more than 20 years. She was a member and executive director of the Retired Senior Volunteer Program. She is survived by a daughter. Matt Friedlander ’40 of Moultrie, Ga., on Dec. 3, 2014. A veteran of the Navy, he served as a lieutenant senior grade and was part of an operation that freed Northern Africa from Nazi Germany. He was later a businessman and member of many real-estate professional organizations. He is survived by his wife, Jacqueline; three sons, including John R. Friedlander ’70; a brother; two granddaughters; a grandson; and two great-grandchildren. Betty Yon Hull ’40 of Atlanta, on Dec. 12, 2014. She and her family were stationed in the Panama Canal Zone for several years before moving to Atlanta, where they ran a hotel. After selling the hotel, she traveled the world with her husband, Burnett, and served as volunteer coordinator for Friendship Force International. She is survived by a daughter, two sons, and six grandchildren. William K. Kunkle ’40 of Warrington, Pa., on Feb. 14, 2013. He worked for the New Jersey Banking Commission and retired from the State of New Jersey Lottery Commission. His hobbies included collecting antiques and repairing and refinishing furniture. He is survived by two daughters, a son, a sister, five grandchildren, and five great-grandchildren. Doris H. Colsh Malay ’40 of Easton, Md., on Aug. 19, 2014. She was in the Navy Reserve (Women’s Reserve) during World War II until being honorably discharged as lieutenant junior

grade. She is survived by a son, a daughter, and three grandchildren. Esther A. Hinshaw Steffel B.S.N. ’40, M.S.N. ’46 of Cincinnati, on Aug. 23, 2014. Survivors include her husband, Raymond. Ralph J. Andrews Jr. B.S.M.E.’41 of West Hartford, Conn., on Sept. 22, 2014. He worked for about 40 years as a quality-control engineer with Pratt & Whitney Aircraft. After retiring, he remained involved in The Old Guard of West Hartford, serving as secretary and logging more than 1,500 hours of community service. In addition, he delivered Meals-on-Wheels and drove for the Red Cross until he turned 90. He is survived by two daughters, a son, six grandchildren, and six great-grandchildren. L. Mabel Umstot Arant M.Ed. ’41 of Greenville, S.C., on Sept. 20, 2013. At the age of 19, she began her teaching career in a one-room schoolhouse in West Virginia. She taught for 35 years, retiring from Paris Elementary in Greenville in 1980. In retirement, she helped launch the federal Head Start program for low-income preschool students in Greenville and developed a kindergarten program. She is survived by two sons, two daughters, nine grandchildren, and a great-grandchild. Aaron Headen Bynum Jr. ’41 of Rock Hill, S.C., on Nov. 12, 2014. An Army officer during World War II, he later owned Manufacturers Supply Co. in Rock Hill. He is survived by three daughters, a sister, six grandchildren, and five great-grandchildren. William D. Hagenstein M.F. ’41 of Portland, Ore., on Sept. 4, 2014. As a teenager, he worked on several major forest fires in Idaho. After graduating from Duke, he joined the West Coast Lumbermen’s Association as a forester for western Washington. During World War II, he served in the Navy in the South and Central Pacific theaters as chief engineer of military lumbering, an assignment that included building a saw mill. In 1945, he was sent to Costa Rica to start a quinine plantation for a malaria drug. He later was named manager and executive vice president of the Industrial Forestry Association and advocated for sound forestry practices before Congress and the state legislatures of Oregon and Washington. He is survived by five stepchildren, six grandchildren, and three great-grandchildren. Stanley Karansky M.D. ’41 of San Ramon, Calif., on Nov. 9, 2014. During World War II, he served in the Army as part of the engineering battalion, building bridges across Europe. He then had a career as a physician, specializing in anesthesia, sports medicine, and cardiac rehabilitation. He lived in several states, was finish-line director for the Honolulu Marathon for eight years, and was a former part-owner of Heitz Winery. He is survived by his wife, Helen; five children; eight grandchildren; and nine great-grandchildren.

specialist for Vonnegut Industrial Products. After moving to Arizona, she worked for the Rio Roco Library and volunteered at Tumacacori National Historical Park. She is survived by a daughter, a son, a brother, four grandchildren, 11 great-grandchildren, and a great-great-grandchild. Mary C. L’Engle Avent ’42 of Jacksonville, Fla., on Sept. 27, 2014. She was a member of St. Mark’s Episcopal Church, delivered Meals-on-Wheels, and was a former board member of the Children’s Home Society. She is survived by three sons, five grandchildren, and three great-grandchildren. Werner C. Brown ’42 of Greenville, Del., on Jan. 8, 2015. A football and track athlete at Duke, he was inducted into the Duke Sports Hall of Fame in 1993. Of his many accomplishments on the track team, he set a league record in the Southern Conference for the 440-yard dash. He was a chemist at Hercules Inc. and subsequently worked for Sunflower Ordnance Works, making explosives during World War II. He returned to Hercules and advanced from research supervisor to board chair. He was director of numerous trade organizations related to chemistry. In 1973, President Nixon appointed him to the President’s Export Council, and he served in leadership positions at the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia. He served on the board of directors for various institutions and nonprofits and was on Duke’s board of trustees for 12 years. The Société de Chimie Industrielle awarded him a Palladium Medal for his contributions to international chemistry. He is survived by two daughters, four sons, two stepdaughters, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, step-grandchildren, and step-great-grandchildren. Theron L. Dikeman ’42 of Vienna, Va., on Nov. 11, 2014. He was a practicing dentist and orthodontist in Arlington, Va., from 1954 to 1996. He is survived by five children, 13 grandchildren, 15 great-grandchildren, and a great-great-grandchild. Frank T. Moran M.D. ’42 of Syracuse, N.Y., on Nov. 3, 2014. An Army veteran, he fought in the Battle of the Bulge and was awarded the Bronze Star. He was a radiologist and chief of the radiology department at Auburn Memorial Hospital for more than 30 years. He was a member and past president of the Cayuga County Medical Society. He is survived by a son, three daughters, six grandchildren, and seven great-grandchildren. Marjorie C. Hodgson Smith ’42 of Akron, Ohio, on Oct. 23, 2013. She spent many hours working to serve others through several organizations, including the Women’s Board of Akron General Hospital, the Junior League of Akron, and the Women’s Committee of Akron University. She is survived by two daughters, a son, and six grandchildren.

Patricia Blackmore Seyfarth ’41 of Gaylord, Mich., on Oct. 26, 2014. She volunteered in many organizations. She is survived by two sons, a daughter, eight grandchildren, and seven grandchildren.

Virginia Bobbitt Baldock ’43 of Columbus, Ohio, on Oct. 7, 2014. She worked for Atlantic Refining in Philadelphia and was active in several organizations, including Twig 32 of Children’s Hospital and the women’s board of the Columbus Museum of Art. She is survived by four children, six grandchildren, and five great-grandchildren.

Dorothy C. Prox Williamson ’41 of Green Valley, Ariz., on Dec. 1, 2014. She was a product

Frances Hallum Blanchard ’43 of Richmond, Va., on Nov. 18, 2014. She was a member of many DUKE MAGAZINE



organizations, including the Junior League of Richmond, the junior board of Retreat Hospital, and the women’s board of the Virginia Home for Boys. She is survived by four children, including Lawrence E. Blanchard III ’72; 12 grandchildren, including Charles F. Blanchard ’13; and six great-grandchildren. Kenneth E. Boehm ’43 of Williamsburg, Va., on Oct. 9, 2014. During World War II, he saw action in the European Theater, including the D-Day invasion of Normandy in 1944, as well as in the Pacific Theater, including Okinawa and the Philippine Liberation in 1945. He began his career with Bell Telephone Co. of Pennsylvania as a student engineer and rose through district and division levels, eventually becoming vice president. He retired as vice president of Verizon in 1984. He was named one of Pittsburgh’s Outstanding Young Leaders early in his career and later was selected to spend a year at the Institute of Humanistic Studies for Executives at the University of Pennsylvania. He is survived by his wife, Annabelle C. Snyder Boehm ’43; two daughters, including Bonnie-Leigh Boehm Jones ’69; two sonsin-law, including William D. Jones B.S.E.E. ’66; four grandchildren, including William F. Jones ’93; and seven great-grandchildren. Joan Sweet Boyce ’43 of South Burlington, Vt., on Dec. 17, 2014. For 25 years she worked alongside her husband, Frank, while he served as president of the Experiment in International Living, which provides multi-week immersive programs for high-school students in foreign countries. In addition, she volunteered at Brattleboro Memorial Hospital and was a member of the theater players Mask and Triangle while living near Colgate University. She is survived by a son, a daughter, a sister, four grandchildren, and four great-grandchildren. Wright T. Dixon Jr. ’43 of Raleigh, on Nov. 22, 2014. As a bomb-disposal officer during World War II, he was stationed on Guam and surrounding areas in the Pacific Theater. After the Japanese surrender, he spent the remainder of his service in China. After a stint with the family-owned lumber business, he began his career as a lawyer. He joined Ruffin Bailey in 1956 and later formed the firm Bailey & Dixon. He was president of both the Wake County Bar and North Carolina State Bar, and he received awards from both. He also was active in the Kiwanis Club, sang barbershop quartet music, and wrote two historical-fiction novels. He is survived by three children, a sister, and eight grandchildren. Leila A. Morrison Haw ’43 of Richmond, Va., on Sept. 10, 2014. She is survived by a son, J. Sheppard Haw III M.B.A. ’91, and two grandchildren. Murray “Buzz” Sheldon Jr. ’43, M.D. ’45 of Stuart, Fla., on April 24, 2014. Survivors include a son, Stephen G. Sheldon ’78; and a granddaughter, Audrey J. Gaskins B.S.E. ’08. Allen Taylor ’43, M.D. ’47 of Greenville, N.C., on Dec. 27, 2014. After completing a fellowship in oncology and a residency in radiology at Duke, he returned to his hometown of Greenville for a 40year medical career. He was the first board-certified 74

radiologist to practice in eastern North Carolina, and he founded Eastern Radiologists, which has grown to a staff of 58 radiologists. He was a clinical professor of radiology and the first chair of the department of radiology at the East Carolina University School of Medicine. He was honored with emeritus status upon his retirement in 1994. He also served as a physician in the National Guard, retiring as a lieutenant colonel. He is survived by his wife, Dorothee; five daughters; and 11 grandchildren. Magdalene H. Brosius M.Ed. ’44 of Lititz, Pa., on Sept. 12, 2014. She taught in many different school districts, including in the Lower Merion school district for 14 years, and was a member of the Pennsylvania Association of School Retirees. She also spent 12 years at Girard College. Survivors include three nieces and a nephew. Ruth C. Garrard Copley ’44 of Durham, on Dec. 10, 2014. She taught in the Durham public schools and was a member of Duke Chapel’s congregation. She is survived by a daughter, four grandchildren, 10 great-grandchildren, and eight great-great grandchildren. Annette K. Davis Frank ’44 of San Diego, on Jan. 26, 2014. She is survived by a daughter and two grandchildren. M. Adelaide Ivill Guesman M.Ed. ’44 of Jefferson, Pa., on Sept. 16, 2014. She made her career as a teacher in the Jefferson-Morgan school district in Pennsylvania. She was also a member of the Greene County Retired Teachers Association, the Pennsylvania State Education Association, and the National Education Association. She is survived by a son, Michael S. Kotliar ’83; and a grandson, Justin A. Kotliar ’14. Virginia L. Wood Hughes A.M. ’44, Ph.D. ’47 of Athens, Ga., on Oct. 23, 2014. She made her career as a teacher, teaching at Clarke Central High School and later becoming a professor of Russian history at the University of Georgia­Athens. She is survived by two children. Mario Martinelli Jr. ’44, M.F. ’48 of Fort Collins, Colo., on March 21, 2014. Shirley M. Spencer McDowell ’44 of Claremont, Calif., on Oct. 11, 2014. She worked in the department of neuropsychiatry at Duke Hospital and later trained as an ophthalmic technician in Detroit. She studied voice at the Detroit Conservatory of Music and sang with the Detroit Symphony on the weekly radio broadcast. She later was certified as a biofeedback therapist and specialized in the treatment of migraine headaches. She is survived by a daughter, two stepchildren, a grandson, and a step-grandchild. R.T. “Ted” McLaughlin B.S.M.E. ’44 of Durham, on Dec. 8, 2014. He ran track while at Duke, then served in the Army in the Philippines during World War II and during the occupation of Korea after the Japanese surrender. After the war, he had a 40-year career with Edgcomb Metals. Survivors include his wife, Bettie; a daughter; six grandchildren; 11 great-grandchildren; and two cousins, Lawrence F. Watson ’70 and Charley H. Lucas ’54.

Walter N. Shaw ’44 of Indianapolis, on Oct. 15, 2014. A Navy veteran, he worked as a biochemist for more than 30 years at Eli Lilly. After retiring, he continued to work at Genetic Modeling Inc. He is survived by his wife, Ruth; three daughters; 10 grandchildren; and two great-grandchildren. Joan M. Gauchat Jennerjohn ’45 of Madison, Wis., on Nov. 6, 2014. She spent the first part of her career as an occupational therapist, working as assistant director of occupational therapy at the U.S. Marine Hospital. She was later supervisor and instructor in the occupational therapy department of the University of Wisconsin hospitals. She sang with the Boston Chorus and the Duke Chapel Choir. She is survived by a daughter, a son, a sister, and five grandchildren. Arthur L. Messinger Jr. ’45 of San Jose, Calif., on Dec. 8, 2014. He served in World War II and the Korean War with multiple branches of the armed forces, including the Marines, Army, and Navy. He then returned to the Santa Clara Valley and became one of the area’s first orthopaedic surgeons. He operated a rehabilitation center out of Los Gatos Community Health Center, and he became Santa Clara County’s chief surgeon for children with cerebral palsy, performing one free surgery per week for 30 years. After a 55-year career in medicine, he retired at the age of 85. He is survived by two daughters, a son, and five grandchildren. Mary E. Ryon ’45 of Severna Park, Md., on Dec. 15, 2014. She taught third grade for more than 20 years at Folger McKinsey School in Severna Park, during which time she obtained her master’s equivalency. She was active in show business as a member of Brooks Musical Theatre and Colonial Players, as well as an original founder of the Severna Park Fourth of July Parade. Survivors include two daughters; a son; a sisterin-law, Hannah M. Norris Wooters R.N. ’47; four grandchildren; five great-grandchildren; a step great-granddaughter; and two great-greatgrandsons. H. Kenneth Smith ’45 of Winston-Salem, on Dec. 11, 2014. His varied career included stints at Western Electric and the Winston-Salem Casket Co. He also sang in the choir at Centenary United Methodist Church and was one of the original members of the Winston-Salem Symphony. Raymond P. Carson ’46, M.Div. ’49 of St. Mathews, S.C., on Nov. 3, 2014. He was a pastor of various churches in Virginia and a chaplain in the Army Reserve for 20 years. He also served in various administrative offices at junior colleges on the East Coast and retired from the State Office of Technical Education System of South Carolina. He is survived by a daughter, four sisters, four grandchildren, and four great-grandchildren. Horace S. Glover B.S.E.E. ’46 of Ayer, Mass., on Sept. 3, 2014. A graduate of the Navy V-12 program at Duke and a Navy officer, he later had a career as a digital designer. He translated Mathematical Thought: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics from Dutch to English while studying in Amsterdam. He is survived by three children, a brother, and three grandchildren.


u/1 d e . e uk

r.d e h s na

Odili Donald Odita, Desert Sun (detail), 2014. Acrylic on canvas. 72 x 90 inches. ŠOdili Donald Odita. Courtesy of the artist and Jack Shainman Gallery, New York.


2001 Campus Dr., Durham, NC 27705 I I 919-684-5135


Collection by Peter Millar

Exclusively through Duke University Stores

Now available at The University Store - the Bryan Center & Online at

John F. Houtman Jr. ’46 of Wilmington, Del., on Nov. 5, 2014. After high school, he was the first official egg grader in the state of Delaware, working for Southern States Cooperative and the State of Delaware. He then enlisted in the Navy and served as a radio operator on blimps until attending Duke on an NROTC scholarship. After the war, he started his own chicken business in Delaware. Later, he owned Kirkwood Tires in Wilmington until his retirement. He also served for four years as president of the Delaware State Beekeepers Association. He is survived by two daughters, four brothers, four sisters, six grandchildren, and 16 great-grandchildren. Clara M. Carver McGee R.N. ’46 of Seale, Ala., on Oct. 24, 2014. She is survived by two daughters, a son, seven grandchildren, and 12 great-grandchildren.

Edward L. Koffenberger B.S.M.E. ’47 of Hockessin, Del., on Sept. 21, 2014. He was Duke’s first two-sport All-American, twice named All-American in basketball and once in lacrosse. He was inducted into both Duke’s and Delaware’s Athletic Hall of Fame. In 2008, the Delaware Sportswriters and Broadcasters named him the first Living Legend. He held multiple Delaware Senior Olympic age-group tennis titles and played tennis in the National Senior Olympics. He worked for more than 42 years at DuPont in textile-fiber management, including as part of the development team for Nomex and worldwide manufacturing manager for Lycra. For 15 years he was a member of Duke’s engineering board of visitors, and in 2013, he received Duke Engineering’s Distinguished Service Award. He is survived by his wife,

Winnie; three daughters, including Laura A. Koffenberger Croom ’71; two sons; a brother; and 10 grandchildren. Elizabeth L. Champion Mundie R.N. ’47 of Evanston, Ill., on Dec. 22, 2014. She lived in Italy for two years during the Korean War. Later, back in the U.S., she cared for patients as a nurse until retiring in 2005. Survivors include seven children, 20 grandchildren, and three great-grandchildren. Sara C. Covington Salisbury ’47 of Charlotte, on Dec. 16, 2014. She was active in the Junior League and served on Duke’s alumni board for many years. She is survived by two sons and five grandchildren.

Ulna F. Park ’46 of Lexington, Ky., on Sept. 25, 2014. A graduate of the Navy V-12 program at Duke, he made his career as a teacher at both the secondary and collegiate levels. He taught at Appalachian State University and the University of Arkansas. He was also a board member of the Friends of the Lexington Public Library. He is survived by his wife, Martha; a daughter; a son; and a brother. Deanie Shaw Pound ’46 of Charlotte, on Sept. 14, 2014. Survivors include her husband, Ralston; a daughter; a son; and two grandchildren. Ian G. Barbour A.M. ’47 of Northfield, Minn., on Dec. 24, 2013. He wrote many books and articles about science and religion, including Issues in Science and Religion and Religion in an Age of Science. After claiming conscientious-objector status during World War II, he worked for the Civilian Public Service fighting fires in Oregon and later in a psychiatric hospital in North Carolina. He taught physics and studied cosmic rays at Kalamazoo College, and then taught physics and religion at Carleton College. In 1955, he became the first chair of Carleton’s new religion department. In 1999, he won the Templeton Prize for his contributions to affirming life’s spiritual dimension. He is survived by two daughters, two sons, three grandchildren, and a great-grandson. Paul H. Cook ’47, M.D. ’51 of Spartanburg, S.C., on Dec. 27, 2014. He was a World War II veteran who was present on the second day of the D-Day invasion of Normandy. After his service, he had a 60-year career in dermatology, serving mostly in the Spartanburg community. Survivors include his wife, Patricia; two sons, including Robert D. Cook ’73; a daughter; a stepson; 10 grandchildren; three great-grandchildren; a step-grandson; and two step great-grandsons. Fowler Dugger Jr. A.M. ’47 of Black Mountain, N.C., on Oct. 15, 2014. An Army veteran of World War II, he began a career as a news reporter in Virginia. After moving to Alabama, he became editor of the Lee County Bulletin and worked for Auburn University, including as editor of Auburn Alumnews. He retired as director of the university’s news bureau. He was a partner of High Hope Farms, his family’s commercial egg business. He is survived by four children and four grandchildren.

Important North Carolina Chippendale Cellaret from The Collection of Thomas A. Gray, Duke Alum Estimate: $40,000 - $60,000, Sold for $165,200

Representing Duke Alumni, their Friends and Neighbors in the sale of Art, Jewelry, and Antiques for more than 30 years. Downsizing? Thinking of Selling? Call us for a Free Consultation.




Asheville, North Carolina 828-254-6846 Andrew Brunk, NCAL 8330, Firm 3095, Robert S. Brunk, NCAL 3041, Robert Ruggiero, NCAL 7707




Henry F. Sherrill LL.B. ’47 of Columbia, S.C., on Nov. 12, 2014. A veteran of the Air Force, he practiced law in Columbia with his uncle and other associates. He was a director of First Citizens Bank and a member of the boards of both Wake Forest University Law and North Carolina Outward Bound. He is survived by his wife, Isabel; two daughters; a sister; a brother; and three granddaughters. William F. Troutman Jr. A.M. ’47, Ph.D. ’59 of Greenville, N.C., on Sept. 4, 2014. He served as a weather observer for the Army Air Corps during World War II before making his career as a teacher. He taught at Gardner-Webb Junior College, Atlantic Christian College, and Appalachian State University. In 1965, he came to East Carolina University as a political science professor and was chair of the department for more than 10 years. He retired as a professor emeritus of political science, and in 2003, he was inducted into the ECU College of Education Educators Hall of Fame. He also chaired the Greenville Transportation Committee. He is survived by his wife, Raye; a daughter; a sister; a grandson; and a great-granddaughter. Robert J. Baradel ’48 of Houston, on Sept. 7, 2014. He joined the Navy following the attacks on Pearl Harbor and served as crew chief of the Hedron Blimp Airship Squadrons 41 and 42 for four years. He later worked in the container division of Rheem Manufacturing for 27 years. Survivors include two nephews and a niece. Marjorie A. Frey Brown ’48 of Chicago, on Aug. 24, 2014. While at Duke, she played on the tennis team. She taught school in New Orleans for five years before moving to Illinois, where she initiated a Head Start program at a public-housing project, chaired multiple benefit events, and volunteered with the Chicago Botanic Gardens. A member of the New Trier Republican Organization, she attended four presidential inaugurations. She is survived by her husband, David; two sons; a daughter; and 10 grandchildren. Berryman E. Coggeshall Jr. ’48, M.D. ’52 of Cheraw, S.C., on Dec. 27, 2014. He was on the board of directors at Chesterfield General Hospital and on the board of trustees at Francis Marion University. He was also a member of the boards for Kiwanis, Mercy in Me Free Medical Clinic, and Matheson Memorial Library. He was honored with a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Cheraw Chamber of Commerce. He is survived by his wife, Ina; a son; two daughters; a brother; and five grandchildren. William S. Drewry Jr. ’48 of Virginia Beach, Va., on Sept. 26, 2014. He served in the Army Air Corps during World War II. In 1951, he began a general law practice and remained active in community life, serving as president of the Virginia Beach Sports Club, director of Tidewater Health Care, president of the Virginia Beach Bar Association, and member of the Virginia Beach Rescue Squad. He is survived by his wife, Marjorie; three daughters; two sons; 12 grandchildren; and five great-grandchildren. Talmadge Thomas Hinnant ’48 of Raleigh, on Nov. 3, 2014. After graduating she worked in agricultural research and later dictated grand-jury testimony for the U.S. Attorney’s Office. She was secretary for several law firms, the N.C. General 78

Assembly, and Wake Stone Corp. She is survived by two daughters and two grandchildren. Marvin Humphries Jr. ’48 of Pittsboro, N.C., on Sept. 7, 2014. He served in the Army Air Corps during World War II. He began his career with the Armstrong Cork Co. in the glass division, continuing on with Kerr Glass in the 1960s and retiring as corporate vice president in the early 1980s. He is survived by a son, two daughters, five grandchildren, and six great-grandchildren. Mary J. Dritt Huntsinger ’48 of Hendersonville, N.C., on June 26, 2014. She is survived by three children and four grandchildren. George T. Kerr ’48 of Lookout Mountain, Tenn., on Oct. 24, 2014. He spent a few years in New York as an executive with Eaton Corp. before becoming director of personnel and industrial relations for Buster Brown. He served as a panelist with the pilot program of the United Way and as the first chair of the Chamber of Commerce Satellite Operations. After retiring, he served on the board of Senior Neighbors and was active as a Score consultant. He is survived by his wife, Rita; several children; and 13 grandchildren. Helen G. Lester MacDonald ’48 of Southern Pines, N.C., on Oct. 1, 2014. She graduated Phi Beta Kappa and volunteered at the Emmanuel Episcopal Church thrift shop. She is survived by two daughters, two grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren. Billy B. Olive B.S.E.E. ’48 of Durham, on Dec. 4, 2014. His service in the Army during World War II earned him a Purple Heart, two Bronze Stars, and a knighthood from the French government. He worked for Westinghouse’s International Division and later became a patent attorney. He established his own practice, Olive & Olive, one of the first private intellectual-property firms in North Carolina. He served as president of Duke’s engineering alumni, taught at the engineering school, and wrote Duke’s first patent policy. He cofounded the Triangle Land Conservancy, founded the N.C. Bar Association’s intellectual-property law committee, fought to integrate the N.C. Bar Association, and promoted the environment amid road construction. His many honors include receiving the Order of the Long Leaf Pine, the Triangle Intellectual Property Association’s only Lifetime Achievement Award, Duke Forest’s Clarence F. Korstian Award, and Duke’s School of Engineering Distinguished Alumnus Award. He is survived by his wife, Helen; two daughters, including Susan F. Olive J.D. ’77; a son; two sisters; seven grandchildren; and two great-grandchildren. K. Jane Bruce Shingleton ’48 of Chapel Hill, on Jan. 19, 2015. At Duke, she was on the synchronized swim team and a member of White Duchy, a secret society honoring academic excellence. She later worked in William Kempner’s laboratory at Duke Medical Center. She was an honorary member of the Duke Cancer Institute’s board of advisers and an emerita member of the institute’s citizens advisory council. She is survived by two sons, Arthur B. Shingleton J.D. ’82 and William B. Shingleton HS ’86; three daughters; and 13 grandchildren, including Julia C. Branch ’06.

Clyde C. Yancey ’48 of Greensboro, on Oct. 26, 2014. He served in the Navy for two years in the Pacific in World War II before graduating from Duke. After graduate school, he joined the family business, Greensboro Twine & Paper Co., where he worked until retiring as president in 2001. He was a Scoutmaster with the Boy Scouts for 17 years and was awarded the Silver Beaver. Survivors include his wife, Marillyn. Charles A. Young ’48 of West Palm Beach, Fla., on Dec. 1, 2014. He served in the Navy during World War II and later as a lieutenant in the Supply Corps of the Navy Reserve. He played professional baseball in the late 1940s before returning to the Navy for the Korean War. He later worked as a teacher, administrator, and counselor in Florida. He is survived by a son and a daughter. D. Joan Kansteiner Berthoud ’49 of West Hartford, Conn., on Nov. 2, 2014. She worked in accounting for several years. She volunteered at a local school and Meals on Wheels and served as vice chair of the Greater Hartford chapter of the Red Cross. She is survived by two sons and four grandsons. Henry K. Elliot B.S.E.E. ’49 of West Hartford, Conn., on Nov. 6, 2014. During World War II, he served in the Army Signal Corps as a radio operator in the Philippines. He then began his career as an engineer with the Virginia Electric Power Co., later joining the engineering division at Travelers Insurance Co. Travelers sent him to 48 states and Puerto Rico during his 30 years as an electrical engineer in the casualty-property department. He retired from Travelers in 1985 and continued as a consulting engineer with Industrial Risk Insurers for five years and then as a private contractor. He was a member of the American Radio Relay League and a volunteer coordinator for an international youth exchange program, through which he and his family hosted several students. He is survived by his wife, Alberta; two daughters; a son; a brother; two granddaughters; and a great-grandchild. W. Quay Grigg Jr. ’49, A.M. ’50 of St. Paul, Minn., on Sept. 1, 2014. He dedicated 30 years of service to Hamline University, as chair of the English department and later as director of graduate liberal studies. R. Beth Kuykendall Jones ’49 of El Paso, Texas, on Oct. 16, 2014. She taught Spanish in public schools in Ohio and California before retiring to El Paso in 1993. She is survived by her husband, Darrell S. Jones Jr. ’50; two daughters; and a granddaughter. Margaret E. Darden McLeod B.S.N. ’49, R.N. ’49 of Huntersville, N.C., on Dec. 29, 2014. She made her career as a nurse and volunteered for the Red Cross in Charlotte for 23 years. She served as a Duke class chair for many years. She is survived by two daughters, Mary Darden McLeod ’74, B.S.N. ’03, M.S.N. ’07 and Elizabeth G. McLeod ’76; a son; four grandsons; a granddaughter; and three greatgrandsons. Cherry C. Phillips Pugh ’49 of Birmingham, Ala., on Nov. 1, 2014. She began her career as a teacher with the National Foundation for Infantile

Paralysis in Warm Springs, Ga., and then taught at schools in Alaska, Germany, Taiwan, and Alabama. She was awarded a Citation of Merit from the Republic of China for fostering Sino-American relations. Survivors include a cousin, Paul W. Cherry ’56. Arthur J. Reckenbeil Jr. ’49 of Glen Allen, Va., on Sept. 6, 2014. He left Duke to serve in the Navy during World War II and was part of the fleet in Tokyo Bay on Victory in Japan Day. After completing his degree, he joined Nabisco as a materials-handling engineer based in New York, spending 38 years with the company. He traveled often for work, including trips to Richmond, Va., for the building of a company bakery, ultimately retiring there in 2001. He is survived by his wife, Joan; three sons; a daughter; and nine grandchildren. Walter “Sid” Stokes ’49 of Green Valley, Ariz., on May 22, 2014. A Navy veteran, he worked in London and later in Dallas. He is survived by his wife, Judith; four children; two stepchildren; six grandchildren; and a great-grandson. Helen K. Plyler Waller B.S.N. ’49, R.N. ’49 of Durham, on Oct. 9, 2014. She worked as a nurse at Duke Hospital for 40 years and was a longtime member of Mount Moriah Baptist Church. Survivors include her husband, William; a son; and a daughter. Judith A. Wood Coleman ’50 of Centreville, Va., on Nov. 2, 2014. In 1953, she began her government career as an administrative assistant to Nelson Rockefeller during his terms as Under Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and as special assistant to President Eisenhower. Under the direction of Harold Stassen, she worked abroad in London and Geneva, supporting the initial efforts for international disarmament. She then joined the CIA and worked directly under Robert Amory and Allen Dulles. Later, she was an editor and education specialist with the CIA. She retired in 1993. She is survived by her husband, Robert; three children; and four granddaughters. E. Richard Dunphey ’50 of Manahawkin, N.J., on Sept. 13, 2014. Before coming to Duke, he served in the Merchant Marines, helping to return soldiers to the U.S. from war zones in the Pacific. While in school, he was a commissioned officer with the Coast Guard and achieved the rank of lieutenant commander. He later worked for Atlantic Refining for four years before moving to Beach Haven, N.J., to open a contracting business. He was a member of the Order of Free Masons and served two terms as a commissioner in Beach Haven. Survivors include his wife, Nancy; five children; a brother; 14 grandchildren; and two great-grandchildren. Henry S. Mingus B.S.E.E. ’50 of Winston-Salem, on Sept. 17, 2014. He served as a radio and radar operator in the Army Air Corps in the Philippines. Later, he had a 40-year career as a senior electrical engineer with Western Electric, where he specialized in government contracts and the Navy. He was an expert in underwater sonar. He is survived by his wife, Louise; a son; a daughter; and two granddaughters. Robert A. Porter ’50 of Savannah, Ga., on Sept. 28, 2014. He was a reporter for the Savannah

Morning News until he was drafted into the Army during World War II. After graduating from Duke, he earned a Ph.D. in philosophy from Brandeis University and became a professor. He taught at Emory University and the University of West Virginia before retiring in 1991 and returning to Savannah. Survivors include two daughters and four grandchildren. Isadore “Ed” Swerlick Ph.D. ’50 of Daytona Beach, Fla., on Oct. 27, 2014. He entered the Navy in 1944 and rose to the rank of first lieutenant. He spent his professional life working as a research chemist at DuPont, with an expert focus on plastic products, resin, and the polymer chemistry of films. During his more than 30-year career at DuPont, he worked in New York, Virginia, and Delaware and was awarded more than 20 patents. He also was active in many organizations and societies, including the American Chemical Society, the Southern Poverty Law Center, and the Interfaith Alliance. He is survived by his wife, Rhoda; a daughter; a son; and three grandchildren. Kenneth F. Cannon Jr. B.S.M.E. ’51 of Neavitt, Md., on Sept. 30, 2014. He was stationed with the Navy in San Diego before attending Duke. He worked at the Naval Ordnance Lab in White Oak, Md., for most of his career, earning multiple patents for his work in the development, testing, and evaluation of Navy weapons systems. Survivors include two sons, including Kenneth A. Cannon B.S.M.E. ’86; a daughter, Anne L. Cannon Grandi ’83; and three grandchildren. Robert G. Gardner B.D. ’51, Ph.D. ’57 of Macon, Ga., on Aug. 11, 2014. He served for three years in the Air Force before attending Duke. Ordained to the gospel ministry in 1947, he pastored four Baptist churches in Georgia and North Carolina. In addition, he was an academic, beginning as an associate professor of religion at Shorter College in 1957 and later becoming a senior researcher in Baptist history at Mercer University. In 1967, he was a visiting professor at the Philippine Baptist Theological Seminary. He wrote six books and many articles and book chapters on Baptist history, and he played an active role in the Georgia Baptist Historical Society for 40 years. In 1986, he received the Distinguished Service Award for Outstanding Contributions to Baptist History from the Historical Commission, Southern Baptist Convention. Survivors include his wife, Anne; a son; a daughter; three grandchildren; and two great-granddaughters. Robert L. Holt Ph.D. ’51 of Greenville, N.C., on Oct. 8, 2014. An ordained minister for more than 72 years, he began his career in education at East Carolina College (now East Carolina University). He then served as vice president of Mars Hill College for six years before returning to Greenville to become registrar and dean of ECC, then as vice chancellor of administration. He retired in 1988 after 30 years of service to ECU. He is survived by a son, two daughters, a sister, four grandchildren, and seven great-grandchildren. George S. Ingram ’51, M.Div. ’54 of Brigham City, Utah, on Nov. 5, 2014. As a student, he played in the Duke symphony and sang in the Duke choir. He then served as a chaplain in the Air Force for 20 years. He is survived by his wife, Winifred; two daughters; six grandchildren; and several great-grandchildren.

Edward E. Marx LL.B. ’51 of Winter Park, Fla., on May 22, 2014. Herbert H. Ray ’51 of Washington, on Aug. 28, 2014. For his service in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, he received the Bronze Star and two Purple Hearts. He is survived by his wife, Dorothy; a son; a daughter; a brother; and six grandchildren. Scott R. York ’51 of New York, on Aug. 18, 2014. A veteran of the Navy, he made a career in finance before becoming an artist and exhibiting his sculpture in several states. He was a member of the Explorers Club, which allowed him to climb mountains on five continents. He is survived by his wife, Alix; a daughter; a stepdaughter; a stepson; and two grandsons. Anne L. Tatum McQueen ’52 of Red Springs, N.C., on Oct. 22, 2014. A former faculty member of Vardell Hall, she was a teacher in the Mecklenburg County school system. She also was a member of the Foundation Society Club, the board of Piedmont Cheerwine, and the Southeastern Health Foundation board of trustees. The Red Springs Chamber of Commerce honored her with the Waverly S. Barham Award. She is survived by a daughter, a son, a brother, and three grandchildren. Claude E. Stecker B.S.C.E. ’52 of Sarasota, Fla., on Feb. 19, 2014. E. Lamar Kincaid M.Div. ’53 of Savannah, Ga., on Sept. 16, 2014. A chaplain in the Air Force, he was an ordained Protestant minister and served in New Jersey, Florida, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Connecticut. He is survived by two children, a brother, six grandchildren, and 11 great-grandchildren. Ann E. Sarratt Swift ’53, R.N. ’53 of Cuba, N.Y., on Sept. 17, 2014. She worked as a nurse and newspaper reporter. She was also a member of the Orchid Society, Nature Conservancy, North Carolina Wildlife Association, and other environmental groups. She is survived by her husband, Ellsworth; two sisters; and a brother. James R. Harp ’54, M.D. ’61 of Philadelphia, on Oct. 1, 2014. A medical corpsman in the Navy, he made his career in anesthesiology before becoming a child psychiatrist. He was chair of the anesthesiology department at Temple University and head of the department at Pennsylvania Hospital. He collaborated in anesthesiology research with colleagues in the U.K. and Sweden and later worked as a child psychiatrist in New Zealand and Pennsylvania. He is survived by his wife, N. Gail Mazza Harp ’60; two daughters; a son; a sister; six grandchildren; and two great-grandsons. Hugh M. Shingleton ’54, M.D. ’57 of Atlanta, on Oct. 12, 2014. For 25 years, he was a professor of medicine at the University of Alabama-Birmingham, where he made contributions to the treatment of gynecological cancers. He is survived by his wife, Lucy J. Koesy Shingleton R.N. ’54, B.S.N. Ed. ’56; three children; and five grandchildren. William L. Sutton HS ’54 of Naples, Fla., on March 27, 2014. DUKE MAGAZINE



Gladys E. Hall Hayworth R.N. ’55 of High Point, N.C., on Oct. 12, 2014. She made a career working for the Guilford Country Health Department. She is survived by her husband, John; a daughter; two sons; a brother; and five grandchildren. John K. Hummel ’55 of Southbury, Conn., on Oct. 18, 2014. A veteran of the Army, he was the vice president for the Seymour Trust Co. He is survived by his wife, Lois; a daughter; a son; a brother; and three grandchildren. Gail C. McGiehan Miller ’55 of Mill Valley, Calif., on Dec. 9, 2013. Survivors include her husband, Charles S. Miller ’55. Marilyn Mayberry Arthur ’56 of Pinehurst, N.C., on Nov. 11, 2014. She was a painter, sculptor, and jeweler. She also served on the board at Duke’s Nasher Museum of Art. Survivors include her former husband, William R. Arthur ’55; a daughter, Alice L. Arthur ’79; a son, Robert D. Arthur II ’88; a sister; and a grandson. Robert L. Rollins Jr. M.D. ’56 of Raleigh, on Oct. 23, 2014. He served a two-year tour as chief of psychiatry at Maxwell Air Force Base in Montgomery, Ala., before beginning a long career at Dorothea Dix Hospital in Raleigh. At Dorothea Dix, he served as director of residency training and hospital superintendent and later as chief of forensic psychiatry and clinical director. In addition, he held teaching appointments at multiple universities, including as a lecturer in psychiatry at Duke University Medical Center and as an adjunct pro-

fessor of psychiatry at UNC-CH. He is survived by his wife, Mary; a daughter; two stepchildren; and two grandchildren. Sheldon H. Steiner M.D. ’56 of San Diego, on Aug. 16, 2014. He was certified in internal medicine and cardiology. As a clinical investigator at the VA Hospital in Indianapolis, he coded an early computer program for complex cardiac diagnosis. Working with Tele-med, he helped develop the electrocardiogram machine. He opened the first coronary care unit at Chicago’s Wesley Memorial Hospital. He also served in the Air Force as a captain at the Wright Patterson Base in Dayton, Ohio, working at the Aerospace Medical Laboratory. There he helped design the selection protocol for astronauts and later participated in selecting the first Mercury crew. He moved to San Diego intending to retire in 1984, and instead he established another cardiology practice. He also scuba-dived around the world and studied sunken vessels. He is survived by his wife, Lina Schein; five children; and four grandchildren. Charles M. Hensey ’57 of Raleigh, on Oct. 2, 2014. Upon graduation he was commissioned as an ensign in the Navy Reserve, and he served two years on the Mediterranean Sea aboard a mine sweeper and destroyer. He then practiced law in Lumberton, N.C., later joining the State Attorney General’s staff, working primarily with the State Highway Commission. He argued a case before the U.S. Supreme Court and retired as the chief legal adviser to the North Carolina State Board of Elections. He is survived by his wife, Edna; two sons; a stepbrother; and five grandchildren.


Imagine … a garden of serenity, with exquisite plantings and shaded benches where family and friends can gather and reflect, in the heart of Duke Gardens.

For information, please contact: 919-684-5579 • * Duke University estimates that the nondeductible, fair market value of this service is $500; please review this matter with your personal tax advisors.


Photos by Duke Photography & Robert Ayers.

Donors who have contributed $25,000 or more to the Sarah P. Duke Gardens Endowment Fund may have the opportunity for their ashes to be interred in the Memorial Garden.*

Mary K. “Kay” Gregory Ratchford B.S.N. ’57 of Rocky Mount, N.C., on Sept. 20, 2014. She worked for 10 years at Nash General Hospital. She spent many years delivering Meals on Wheels and was a member of the Win Thorne Garden Club. She is survived by two sons, two daughters, a sister, and seven grandchildren. Lois G. Wooten Sawin B.S.N. ’57 of Worcester, Mass., on Oct. 11, 2014. Her career as a nurse spanned 35 years and three medical organizations. She served as a staff nurse in medical, surgical, maternity, and neonatology units, and she taught courses for expectant couples. She also taught health-career education at Wachusett Regional High School. Survivors include her husband, David; two sons; a sister; and five grandchildren. Thomas W. Trice Jr. ’57 of Palm Springs, Calif., on Oct. 7, 2013. Ballard E. Troy Jr. ’57 of Silver Spring, Md., on Oct. 13, 2013. Survivors include three daughters and a niece, Leslie B. Troy Tsui ’86. James Everett Turlington ’57 of Emerald Isle, N.C., on April 26, 2014. Survivors include his wife, Sue; a son; a sister, Virginia O. Turlington Byrd ’60; and a granddaughter. Sylvia J. Newell Lagergren ’58 of Johnson City, Tenn., on Feb. 21, 2014. She taught eighthgrade English in New Jersey for many years before joining Nabisco in the company’s psychological evaluation and corporate administration divisions. She later became a certified massage therapist and a

traditional Reiki master, initiating several hundred people in the Japanese healing technique and giving talks about it at universities. She is survived by her husband, John F. Nash; two daughters; a son; and three grandchildren. Dewayne A. Peterson A.M. ’58, Ph.D. ’62 of Orlando, Fla., on Sept. 2, 2014. He was an English professor at the New York Fashion Institute of Technology, later becoming head of the English department. Survivors include a brother and a sister. Ran L. Phillips Jr. M.D. ’58 of Monroe, La., on Sept. 24, 2014. He served in the Army as a regular medical officer for 12 years, spending time in Alaska as battalion surgeon. Later, he became chief of both the internal medicine department and the outpatient medical department of the Army hospital at Fort Rucker, Ala. He went on to serve as division surgeon in the 101st Airborne Division and commander in the 326th Medical Battalion at Fort Rucker and in Vietnam. For his service, he received the Army Senior Flight Surgeon Wings, Army Ranger Tab, two Meritorious Service Medals, two Bronze Stars, and the Army Commendation Medal. After retiring as a brigadier general, he served as a reserve Army medical officer and practiced internal medicine and cardiology in Monroe from 1969 to 2003. Survivors include his wife, Janice. A. St. George Biddle Duke ’59 of Absarokee, Mont., on Oct. 8, 2014. The oldest living descendant of Washington Duke and third cousin of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, he had a career on Wall Street in the 1960s before moving to Wyoming. After moving to Montana in 1987, he worked in the sale of fine arts, then in aerospace design, and eventually in oil and gas exploration and production. An avid outdoorsman, he enjoyed bird hunting and fishing. He is survived by his wife, Mary Ellen; two sons, George B. Duke ’82 and Benjamin B. Duke ’86; two brothers; two sisters; and five grandchildren. Margery J. Newton Farmer ’59, M.A.T. ’62 of Durham, on Oct. 4, 2014. She attended Duke as an A.B. Duke Scholar before working in the public- and mental-health fields. She is survived by a son, a sister, and three granddaughters. William S. Lackland ’59 of West Columbia, S.C. He served in the Navy and was a Mason. After receiving a doctoral degree in pharmacy from the University of South Carolina, he joined the family business, Parkland Pharmacy. During his 50-year career, he served as the company’s pharmacist in charge, general manager, and executive vice president. He was appointed an adjunct instructor in the College of Pharmacy at the University of South Carolina. He is survived by his wife, Elena; two daughters; a son; and six grandchildren. Rufus S. Hill Jr. LL.B. ’60 of Washington, on Sept. 29, 2014. He moved to Washington in 1960 and worked for several federal agencies. Survivors include his wife, Carolyn; a son; a daughter; and a sister. Gerald A. Jibilian ’60 of Toledo, Ohio, on Oct. 12, 2014. He began his career as a lawyer in Toledo’s urban-renewal agency in 1963, eventually becoming the city’s chief prosecutor. In 1969, he became counsel and assistant secretary of the board

of directors of Ogden Foods Inc., which ran restaurants and vending and concession operations nationwide. He was promoted to vice president of the Toledo subsidiary of Ogden Corp. in New York. Later, he held counsel positions with Schrafft’s candy store chain and Wyeth Corp., a pharmaceutical company. Survivors include his wife, Jary Sue; a son; a sister; and three grandchildren. Barbara A. Hull LaPointe ’60 of Charlotte, on June 29, 2014. R. Elizabeth Clark Stone ’60 of Bowling Green, Ky., on Sept. 6, 2014. She worked at North Carolina Memorial Hospital, University of Kentucky Hospital, and Child and Family Services in Knoxville, Tenn. In addition, she spent 10 years as the program coordinator for the regional Commission for Children with Special Health Care Needs in Bowling Green. Survivors include her husband, Richard; a brother; and a grandson. Karen W. King Thompson ’60 of Durham, on Aug. 21, 2014. She worked at the Duke Forestry Library, the Medical Center Library, and the Museum of Life and Science. She also worked for nearly two decades in the community-college system, including as assistant dean at Piedmont Community College. She represented multiple nonprofits on the Durham County Juvenile Crime Prevention Council. Survivors include a sister, Martha A. King Cox ’63. Hoyt M. Gilley ’61 of Silver Spring, Md., on July 20, 2013. Glenn N. Love ’61 of Hilton Head Island, S.C., on Oct. 17, 2014. Beginning in 1976, he was the first and longest-serving ob-gyn on Hilton Head Island. He opened the island’s obstetric unit in 1985 and delivered more than 4,000 babies. The Glenn N. Love Women’s Center at the Hilton Head Hospital was named in his honor. Survivors include his wife, Bernie; three daughters, including Glenn L. Love ’09; two sons; a sister; and four grandchildren. Jorge E. Baez-Garcia M.D. ’62 of Lexington, Ky., on Oct. 3, 2014. Born in Puerto Rico, he served as a captain in the Air Force during the Vietnam War. Later, he ran medical practices in Puerto Rico, North Carolina, Massachusetts, and Kentucky. He was an active member of the Opera de Puerto Rico and a board member of the Lexington Opera Society. Survivors include a son, a daughter, and three grandchildren.

Room to move meets acres to roam. Contentment follows. PREMIER R E T I R E M E N T L I V I N G. IN THE HEART OF D U R H A M , N C.

Spacious, brand-new cottages. The perfect location near Duke Medicine and the famed foodie scene of Durham, North Carolina. All of which makes living here extremely gratifying.

James E. Downey ’62 of Dearborn Heights, Mich., on Dec. 7, 2013. Donald H. Stewart Jr. HS ’62 of Syracuse, N.Y., on Oct. 1, 2014. He was a major in the Air Force and served as chief of neurosurgery at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio. Later, he started a private medical practice in Syracuse, affiliated with both Crouse Hospital and State Uiversity of New York Upstate Medical Center. An advocate for medical-malpractice reform, he served many professional organizations, including a stint as president of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. He is survived by his wife, Anne W. Donnelly Stewart B.S.N. ’63; three

C A L L 8 0 0 - 474 - 0 2 5 8 O R V I S I T F O R E S T D U K E .O R G TO A R R A N G E A TO U R .




in Raleigh and Tarboro for 32 years and was an avid reader and bridge player. Survivors include a sister.


Carolina Meadows boasts the southeast’s most vibrant CCRC campus, with breathtaking homes and hundreds of exceptional educational, cultural and wellness programs right in your own community. All this and more adds up to an extraordinary retirement experience–without the extraordinary price. How? Carolina Meadows’ unique Equity Advantage™. Find out more today.


For more information about our vibrant, independent community, book your tour today.

1- 800- 458- 6756 W W W. C A R O L I N A M E A D O W S . O R G daughters; a son, Donald H. Stewart III ’86; a brother; and 10 grandchildren.

wife, Leslie; two daughters; a son; and two grandchildren.

Charles R. Ayers M.D. ’63 of North Fork, Calif., on Oct. 10, 2014. He was a pediatric cardiologist fellow at Duke and a member of the Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society. He received board certification in pediatric cardiology and emergency medicine, establishing the emergency-medicine specialty at Kaweah Delta in Visalia, Calif., and serving as the original California Emergency Physicians (now CEP America) emergency department medical director. One result of his leadership was the development of peer review and continuous quality-improvement processes still in use today. He is survived by his

David C. Howard A.M. ’63 of Foley, Ala., on April 5, 2014. He taught in Florida’s Broward County school system for 36 years and received many teaching honors. After moving to Gulf Shores, Ala., he served on the appeals board, then relocated to Foley after Hurricane Ivan. He is survived by his wife, Martha; a son; and five grandsons.


Sylvia E. Radic ’63 of Los Angeles, on Jan. 17, 2014. She is survived by a son. Betty B. Denny Shook M.Ed. ’63 of Tarboro, N.C., on Sept. 14, 2014. She taught second grade

Alexander Spock HS ’63 of Durham, on Oct. 3, 2014. After serving for two years as captain and chief pediatrician at the Army dispensary in Fort Richardson, Alaska, he joined Duke University Medical Center as a pediatric allergy fellow in 1960. He had a 40-year career as chief of the pediatric pulmonary and gastroenterology divisions at Duke University Medical Center. He founded the university’s Cystic Fibrosis Center in 1962 and served as its director until 1990. He was internationally recognized as an expert in cystic fibrosis and pediatric lung disease, and he wrote or cowrote more than 190 scientific publications. He also served as a mentor to students, residents, and fellows. He was heavily involved in Project HOPE’s work to teach and improve medical care in Colombia, Poland, and Tunisia, serving as the organization’s board director and supervising the pediatric program in Krakow, Poland. Survivors include his wife, Diana; two sons; two daughters, including Karen M. Spock Lissy ’94; and seven grandchildren. John Hanson M.Div. ’64 of The Villages, Fla., on Sept. 22, 2014. He served as a Methodist minister in Phoenicia, N.Y., before taking a job with the Department of Social Services in Wheeling, W.Va. Later, he served as CEO of the Bellaire Medical Foundation, where he helped develop a health-care program for local coal miners. In 1984, he became CEO of Blue Cross Blue Shield: Health Options in Orlando, Fla. He also represented Orange County public schools as a member of the board of the Florida Health Care Coalition for 13 years, including nine as board chair. He led special projects to improve care for people with diabetes, asthma, and heart disease. Survivors include his wife, Kate; two daughters; two brothers; and three grandchildren. Richard C. Ranson ’64 of Charlotte, on Oct. 1, 2014. After serving in the Army, he joined Haskins & Sells (now Deloitte) and helped form Option Management Co. He spent 27 years with Duke Power (now Duke Energy), working as corporate treasurer and later as a senior vice president. He later was chair and CEO of Crescent Resources. Upon retiring, he traveled to 54 countries in Europe and Asia. Survivors include his wife, Judy; two sons, including Michael C. Ranson ’95; a brother, L. Russell Ranson Jr. B.S.E.E. ’61; three grandsons; and many cousins, including Florence J. Ryan ’64 and John A. Ryan ’65. Jesse L. McDaniel Ed.D. ’65 of Kinston, N.C., on Sept. 8, 2014. He served in the Navy during World War II and the Korean War before attending East Carolina University. He had a 40-year career in education, retiring as president of Lenoir Community College. He is survived by his wife, Joyce; two daughters; a sister; six grandchildren; and five great-grandchildren. Elaine J. Bloomer Green ’66 of Berlin, Conn., on Sept. 17, 2014. She was an administrator at three schools during her career. Survivors include her husband, James; a daughter; a sister; and a grandson.

Marcia L. McIntyre Hammons ’70 of Atlanta, on Oct. 20, 2014. She was a business manager in telecommunications for Southern Bell and AT&T and retired from Lucent Technologies. She was involved with the Kids and the Power of Work organization, and she gave tours at Fairchild Tropical Garden in Florida. She was a member of the Atlanta Botanical Garden, Atlanta History Center, and High Museum of Art, as well as the board of Georgia Court Appointed Special Advocates. Survivors include a son and two sisters.

Medical Center in Washington. After retiring from the Army, he became director of the Van Vleet Memorial Cancer Center at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center. He then moved to Texas and served as medical director of a chapter of the American Cancer Society. He was a founding partner of Oncology Specialists of Charlotte, and in 1999, he was awarded the American Cancer Society’s Silver Stirrup for his work studying cancer. He is survived by his wife, Janet; a daughter; a son; a brother; and two grandsons.

David MacIsaac Ph.D. ’70 of Montgomery, Ala., on March 25, 2014. He served in Vietnam, attaining the rank of lieutenant colonel. His career as a military educator spanned 30 years and included four tours teaching history at the Air Force Academy, serving as chief of military history at Air War College, and teaching at the Air Power Research Institute at Maxwell AFB. He also wrote extensively about Air Force history and military theory. He is survived by his wife, Charlotte; two daughters; two sons; a sister; a brother; and a grandson.

John G. Herring M.Div. ’74 of Hamilton, Mont., on Sept. 30, 2014. He was a minister in Virginia for a few years and eventually relocated to Utah, where he was a counselor at a psychiatric hospital. Survivors include his wife, Patricia; a daughter; three sons; 14 grandchildren; and several great-grandchildren.

Carol A. Barrow ’71 of Alexandria, Va., on Sept. 20, 2014. She had a career with the Defense Supply Agency. She is survived by three brothers and a sister.

Joel Kaufman J.D. ’85 of Kensington, Md., on Oct. 29, 2014. He worked in Washington at Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft before joining the Federal Communications Commission. He was associate general counsel and chief of the administrative law division of the Office of General Counsel at the FCC. He received the Silver Medal for Meritorious Service in 2003 and the FCC’s Outstanding Public Service Award in 2013, among other honors. Survivors include his wife, Debra, and his mother.

William D. Harkins ’72 of Mclean, Va., on Feb. 5, 2013. In the Navy, he was an aeronautical engineering duty officer and an airship pilot. He received the 1972 Management Improvement Award from President Nixon. After retiring from the Navy, he was a project engineer for Syscon Corp., a consultant to an airship development group, and a mechanical engineer. He was also a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, as well as a Mason. He is survived by his wife, Grace; a son; a daughter; and two grandsons. H. Grant Taylor Jr. M.D. ’72 of Charlotte, on Oct. 4, 2014. As an undergraduate at West Point, he marched in President John F. Kennedy’s funeral and Lyndon B. Johnson’s inauguration. He became the chair of the hematology/oncology department and served as the Army Surgeon General’s hematology/oncology consultant at Walter Reed Army

Jan M. Kunzelmann B.H.S. ’83 of Macon, Ga., on Oct. 16, 2014. She was an anesthesiologist for more than 25 years. She is survived by a son, two daughters, a brother, and five grandchildren.

Human Services for Planning and Evaluation, and head of policy for the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America and the Advanced Medical Technology Association. She was also a member of the Master Chorale of Washington and the Paul Hill Chorale. She is survived by her husband, David; a sister; and two brothers. Philip J. Jacobs A.M. ’93 of Portland, Ore., on Sept. 1, 2014. He was a math teacher at the College of Idaho and Fort Hayes State University before specializing in managing quality-assurance groups in the computer industry. He is survived by his wife, Carole; a daughter; two sons; a brother; two sisters; and seven grandchildren. Onie Bussey HS ’95 of St. Louis, on June 11, 2013. Charles R. Rochester M.B.A. ’99 of Palatine, Ill., on Sept. 25, 2014. He worked for Honeywell and Unisys Corp. before joining Schneider Electric, where he held positions in engineering and senior management, including quality, research and development, and director of engineering. He eventually became senior vice president of enterprise power and service. He is survived by his wife, Lisa; two stepchildren; his father; his stepmother; and several siblings. Jason R. Crane ’00 of Sodus Point, N.Y., on Oct. 29, 2014. He is survived by his father, Patrick T. Crane ’74; his mother, Carol A. Kriske Crane B.S.N. ’73; a sister, Laura E. Crane ’03; and a brother, Andrew Crane ’05. Kaila M. Brown A.M. ’12 of Apple Valley, Calif., on Sept. 21, 2014. She completed a bachelor’s degree at Brigham Young University in 2009 and was pursuing a Ph.D. in English at Duke.

Mike K. Franklin M.Div. ’86 of Helena, Mont., on Sept. 20, 2014. After serving as an Army officer, he spent three years as a Methodist minister and then served as a Navy chaplain. Most recently, he was director of counseling services at Carroll College in Montana. He is survived by his wife, Georgia; two stepsons; a sister; and a brother.

Hemanth R. Raparthy M.B.A. ’14 of Ashburn, Va., on July 11, 2014. He recently had completed his residency.

Ann-Marie Lynch A.M. ’88 of Chevy Chase, Md., on Sept. 5, 2014. She had many roles in Washington, including staff director of the health subcommittee of the House Committee on Ways and Means, acting assistant secretary of Health and

Alexander L. Rickabaugh ’17 of Winston-Salem, on Sept. 21, 2014. He was a sophomore in the Pratt School of Engineering. Survivors include his mother, Yvonne Pazdalski Rickabaugh M.B.A. ’89; his father; and a brother.


Looking for ways to reach an exclusive clientele? Advertise with Duke Magazine and access more than 120,000 potential clients in the Duke family. For rates, requirements, deadlines, and all other questions, check out, or e-mail us at

ACCOMMODATION Paris Marais Luxury rental in center of Paris. Close proximity Picasso Museum, Centre Pompidou and other historical sites as well as gourmet shops of Rue de Bretagne. See owner’s website at DUKE MAGAZINE




Much more than a piece of plastic, the DukeCard is the one item almost everyone around here keeps close at hand. Without it, it can be hard to study, eat, and, if you live on campus, even reach your bed. Thirty years old this year, the DukeCard arose from student interest. By the tail end of Terry Sanford’s presidency in the 1980s, students were frustrated with the monotony of food options on campus. Joe Pietrantoni Sr., then-associate vice president for auxiliary services, responded with a vision for a card that would not only revolutionize food services but also be flexible enough to transact everything else. At this time a magnetic swipe card did exist, but it could only tally meals. Before that, students ripped out coupons from little booklets in exchange for food; cash was needed for any other transactions. Pietrantoni convened a task force, which drew up a plan and dubbed its creation the DukeCard. The new card launched in 1985. An all-in-one passkey and debit card, it would grant its holders access to buildings, athletic and cultural events, and food vendors both on and off campus. It was the first campus card anywhere to wield such power, and other colleges soon wanted a card of their own. Today there are more than 1,200 card readers around campus. With a mere swipe, students can procure everything from textbooks and traditional Chinese medicine to food-truck dumplings and a Duke Barber Shop haircut. –Madeline Taylor and Elizabeth Van Brocklin


FUQUABUSINESS Prepared Exclusively for FUQUA Alumni

Suiting Up

Cross Continent M.B.A. students learn from the bakers, bikers, and wine makers of Chile.

Thumbs up: Students enjoyed a tour of the Castaño bakery production facility.

Students in the jet-setting Cross Continent M.B.A. program did their residencies in Santiago, Chile, as part of a formal commitment of Fuqua’s engagement in Latin America. “Chile is the most competitive and free market in Latin America,” said the city’s former mayor, economist Joaquin Lavin, to students at the January launch celebration. During their weeklong immersion, students explored all sectors of the country’s economy, from the massive coppermining industry to the sustainability practices of the ultramodern Veramonte Winery. An American entrepreneur shared the success of his bike tourism company by giving students a city tour, and Sebastian Castaño M.B.A. ’08 hosted a behindthe-scenes look at the production facility of his family’s company. Founded in 1933, Castaño is the second-largest retail bakery in Chile and known for the breads and empanadas sold in retail shops throughout the country.



POWER 2015





Limited Time = Money


arketers have long known that when consumers are in a hurry, they’re more likely to spend a little more for a product they want or need. Jordan Etkin, Fuqua assistant professor of marketing, set out to discover what’s behind this phenomenon and whether it also applies to situations in which there’s no actual time constraint.


In a study published in the Journal of Marketing Research, Etkin and her two coauthors found that when people perceive their goals to be in conflict, they feel more pressed for time, less inclined to wait, and more willing to pay more to save time. “Pursuing goals takes time, money, and self-control, and all of these resources are limited; therein lies the conflict,” says Etkin. “In most cases, spending any of these resources on one goal leaves less available for the others. And the conflict we feel has consequences for how much time we think we have.”

In five experiments, the researchers tested subjective perceptions of goal conflict to see how participants’ stress levels and anxiety might shape how they see, spend, and value their time. What they discovered adds nuance to the old adage “If you want something done, give it to a busy person.” It turns out, when choosing between two conflicting things—say, to go on a pricey vacation or to save for retirement—we feel busier, more pressed for time, than we actually are. The effect applies broadly, and time needn’t be the issue: The goal conflict could relate to money or self-control, too. “All of these types of goal conflicts increase stress and anxiety,” says Etkin. “It’s these heightened negative emotions that make people feel time-constrained.”

Nothing illustrates modern goal conflict in action better than our Google or Outlook calendars: family events, personal appointments, meetings, deadlines, and reminders to feed pets and pay bills all are logged into one dynamic document, each responsibility bidding for a time slot. “When we feel that our  time is limited,” says Etkin, “we become less willing to spend it, and this has important implications for marketers and consumers.” Study participants were willing to spend 30 percent more to expedite shipping on a product they wanted to order when they felt goal conflict while making the shipping decision. Some consumer decisions spark more goal conflict than others, but if the choice requires goal-related tradeoffs—choosing between safety and style, say—people will be more satisfied with the outcome if they don’t have to wait for it, notes Etkin. Because this effect is about perceived conflict, rather than actual conflict, Etkin and her colleagues found that people can modify their responses through slow breathing exercises and reframing their anxiety as excitement. “Like any assistant professor, I feel goal conflict all the time,” she says. “I use both techniques on myself several times a week, and so far, so good.”


Study shows as boards have rid themselves of insiders, only the CEOs remain. The Enron and Worldcom scandals helped stem the practice of packing corporate boards with go-along company insiders. Now the cards have been flipped, and increasingly, CEOs are the lone insiders on boards packed with outsiders. In analyzing this trend in the Academy of Management Journal, Fuqua professor John Joseph’s study suggests that as boards have become more independent, CEOs have been put in a unique position. Looking at the operational histories of more than 200 Fortune 250 companies between 1981 and 2007, Joseph and his two colleagues were able to determine that as new CEOs took over, the predecessor’s coterie of insiders gradually was replaced by directors from outside the firm, making the CEO the only one on the board with inside company information. “The question is always, who provides the better monitoring and strategic advice role: the insiders or outsiders?” says Joseph. “The general prevailing wisdom has always been outsiders.” Increased scrutiny from investors and media has pushed boards to be more independent and transparent. As a result, outsiders are better informed than they used to be and more involved in strategic decision-making, exploring new markets, and guiding transactions. “The board hasn’t gone to sleep here. Far from it,” says Joseph. “The demands and responsibilities are much higher, in fact. However, inside directors can bring different perspectives, and board exposure can help their careers.” A key finding of the study is that this migration wasn’t mandated by regulations, and yet more and more boards have embraced not just outsider majorities, but also super-majorities. Joseph is quick to point out that the power shift is usually incremental: As members retire or move on, they’re simply replaced with fresh faces. “It’s not let’s-kick-these-folks-offthe-board,” he says. The benefits are obvious. For one, banishing other C-level insiders from the boardroom prevents the organization from becoming “double-headed,” says Joseph. “A single focus is beneficial.” The cautionary tale of Blackberry proves his point: A co-CEO structure doomed the former industry leader. For IBM, transitioning from an insider board to an outsider board in the 1990s brought success. And Joseph points to other studies showing—perhaps not surprisingly—that CEOs with this board structure are rewarded with better pay. Yet even as they enjoy more power, these CEOs are not immune to risk. Having more latitude to execute a single vision can be good or bad, he warns. “If things go wrong, it’s not always easy for the CEO to scapegoat other insiders.” Ultimately, though, the lone insider position could pay off— granting the CEO new power and influence.

A federal incentive program designed by Fuqua professors to spur the development of drugs for rare or neglected diseases has found its first bigticket impact investor. The Global Health Investment Fund (GHIF) announced in March a $10 million investment in a nonprofit pharmaceutical company to register a new treatment for river blindness, a devastating disease that affects more than 37 million people, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. Once the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves this drug, the company will receive what’s known as a priority-review voucher. The voucher provides expedited FDA review of a highly profitable drug in exchange for the development of a treatment for a disease like river blindness that can’t otherwise attract enough research and development funding. The brainchild of David Ridley, Dr. and Mrs. Frank A. Riddick Associate Professor of the Practice, and colleagues Jeff Moe and Henry Grabowski, the program allows a voucher to be sold—for millions of dollars—to another pharmaceutical company that might want to grease the wheels of FDA approval for its newest blockbuster drug. GHIF plans to do just that: It will sell its voucher and Treatment: When funnel the windfall into yet treating river blindness, another global-health initialocally made measuring tive, so that the impact of sticks are used to its initial investment is doudetermine correct bled—maybe even tripled— drug doses in the over time. field because they are “This is exactly what we cheaper, more had in mind when we proaccessible, and less posed the voucher,” says likely to break Ridley of the program, which than scales. became legalized in 2007. “It creates a virtuous cycle in which the success of one drug leads to the resources to fund another.”

The Carter Center

Reshuffling the Boardroom

Voucher program attracts financial interest




The Power in “The message of the whole Fuqua program is ‘step outside your comfort zone.’ If you’re feeling uncomfortable in a situation, you’ll learn something from it.”

Lenore Patel M.B.A. ’09

“We’re going to be looking for people who are comfortable with change. The world has become so focused on delivery of short-term results we’ve lost sight of the long view. The real differentiator will be those who know how to get to the future, how to set a vision and deliver.”

Brian Lange M.B.A. ’05


Fuqua Dean Bill Boulding believes strong values and collaboration will help business be a transformational force.

Authenticity A life-sized cutout of DC Comics hero The Flash streaks across the wall of Dean Bill Boulding’s office. It’s a fitting mascot for the marketing and leadership professor, who is at ease with the lightning speed of cultural change and impervious to the frictions that mire leaders in the past. Since taking the helm at Fuqua in 2011, Boulding has become the school’s philosopher coach, an approachable yet erudite presence with a mission to promote a purpose-driven model of business leadership. “Business will be the transformational force of the twenty-first century,” Boulding likes to say. As globalism creates a more interdependent world, he believes nation-states and political leaders will prove to be less effective than business at solving the complex problems of our time. “If you think of any challenge that affects the human condition, anywhere in the world, there will be a business entry point for the solution,” he says. “We can use business as the platform for driving positive change—on health issues, our energy future, the environment, bringing people out of poverty—you name it. Business is the connective tissue around the world.” To prepare for this future, Boulding says industry leaders must redefine business competence around strong values and collaboration. Organizations that commit to making a difference can better drive innovation, ambition, and yes, profits, he says. But first, the greater business community must clear one

major hurdle: trust. The hard truth is that today’s business leaders are stuck somewhere between politicians and ambulance chasers in the public’s imagination. The CNBC Corporate Perception Indicator found that athletes and entertainers are almost Bill Boulding, twice as respected as CEOs. According to the dean and J.B. Fuqua Professor 2014 Edelman Trust Barometer, less than onefifth of the public believes that business and of business government officials will tell the truth when administration confronted with difficult issues. And the news from Duke’s own CFO survey shows the disruptive impact of this trend: Nearly 60 percent of U.S. CFOs say lack of public trust has harmed the business environment. “We must take responsibility for this gap by creating leaders who are trusted and credible to drive positive change,” says Boulding. The strategy he envisions to bridge the gap? Make like The Flash and leave your comfort zone in the dust.

“I say it ten times a day: Collaboration drives innovation.”

“When I think of ethics, I think of leaving things better than you found them,” Apple CEO Tim Cook M.B.A. ’88 told a packed Geneen Auditorium at his twenty-fifth Fuqua reunion. Cook had taken the stage with Boulding to discuss their shared vision of values-based leadership. “To me that goes to how you work with suppliers regarding labor questions,” Cook said, “to the carbon footprinting





of your products, to the things you chose to support, to the way you treat your employees. Your whole person fits under that umbrella.” That’s not a hard sell to Fuqua students. The school’s M.B.A. Association drew up a common definition of what it means to be a member of Team Fuqua. They came up with six “paired principles” that reflect the values connecting students, alumni, faculty members, and administrators to each other and the larger world: authentic engagement, supportive ambition, collective diversity, impactful stewardship, loyal community, and uncompromising integrity. Together, says Boulding, these ideals are “the guardrails around how we want to interact with each other.” Adopting these principles would go a long way in helping institutions regain the public’s trust. Gone is the leadership paradigm that prizes narrow self-interests above sustainable business practices. Boulding cautions, though, that ethics and values must not be mere talking points. Their power lie in authenticity. “If leadership is not authentic, then employees will not be willing to represent themselves fully or honestly,” he says. “The best leaders have the courage to encourage authenticity in both themselves and others.”

tral to her work as assistant vice president of diversity and inclusion at Moody’s. The more diverse the group, the more a supervisor needs to be willing to step outside his or her comfort zone. “It’s the best way to learn and grow as a leader,” she says.

“Our natural reaction is: Let me surround myself with people who act like me, look like me,” says Boulding. “Everyone talks about collab-

oration, but what people mean in practice often looks more like cloning than real collaboration.” Research often shows that diverse teams will outperform homogenous teams, yet instinctive reactions persist. Teaching students how to replace their flock-together mentality with inclusion is both a formal and informal part of the Fuqua curriculum. The school’s Association of Women in Business (AWIB), for example, has launched a male ambassadors program to bring men and women together to discuss gender issues in the workplace. “If we can talk honestly about our different experiences, instead of creating further separations, everybody benefits,” says codirector Matthew Pilnik M.B.A. ’16, who is one of twenty men in the group. Discussions range from microaggressions in the workplace—male coworkers golfing together; women finding themselves the note-takers in meetings—to the unconscious biases that affect salary negotiations. Using what he learned in his market inThere’s a saying at Fuqua: “To go fast, go telligence class, Pilnik and his AWIB colleagues relaunched a gender-perceptions alone. To go far, go together.” Collaboration has always been at the study last year to gauge biases, experiences, heart of Team Fuqua, and for good reaand concerns among students. “Surrounding son: It’s a learned skill. When Lenore Patel yourself with people just like you may be efficient—you can get a lot done when everyM.B.A. ’09 met her first Fuqua C-Leadteam, she quickly saw the challenge awaitone’s in agreement,” Boulding says. “But you ing them:“We were storming and not never tap into the power of innovation.” norming,” she laughs, “all of us striving No less than the most profitable company to do well, but totally dysfunctional as a “What this place teaches you on the planet ascribes to the collective diversity model. “We want diversity of thought. team.” Their first presentation was a train so well is how to learn and to We want diversity of style,” Cook told Busiwreck, but eventually the jockeying for collaborate, and how to work with nessweek. “We want people to be themselves.” power eased, and they learned to listen to Cook’s comment affirms Boulding’s ideas one another and focus on a shared goal. people who come from a different about the importance of authenticity. A masBoulding believes the most effective point of view.” Tim Cook M.B.A. ’88 ter of operations, Cook has been known to collaborations come from embracing the pull up a chair with employees eating lunch ambition of others. A top-down leadership model relies too heavily on one perin the cafeteria and to meet directly with son’s brilliance, all the while silencing new ideas. “I’m always go- investors. And in the ultimate act of authenticity, the notoriously ing to put my money on someone who can unlock the potential private Cook revealed that he is gay, the first CEO of a Fortune 500 of a group, rather than a single individual,” he says. company to do so. Recruiters see Fuqua students as exceptionally good at workWhile the general public may continue to doubt that industry ing with others in this way, which is part of the reason Bloomberg leaders have moral compasses, Boulding says there are plenty of exBusinessweek says the school ranked number one in its latest ecutives guiding the way for more enlightened leadership—there ranking. Brian Lange M.B.A. ’05, a former corporate recruiter are even a few, he jokes, who didn’t attend Fuqua. He singles out for GlaxoSmithKline who is now leading the marketing group Sam Allen, CEO of John Deere, who speaks of using his corporate at Advance Auto Parts, says Fuqua culture requires collabora- platform to eliminate hunger, and Ursula Burns, the CEO of Xetion. “The flat organizational experience of Fuqua, where every- rox, praised for her candid and inclusive leadership style, as examone is addressed by their first name, from the multimillionaire ples of business leaders who fit this new mold. What they share with to the janitor, is based on approachability, and that sharpens Cook and other Fuqua alumni is an expansive, forward-thinking, an important collaboration skill: emotional intelligence,” says and holistic view of their organization’s purpose. Lange. “On a team, people can tell if you’re not being authen“Building trust with your employees, customers, and suppliers— tic, and they won’t want to work with you. You can’t make it one that is authentically meaningful in the world—creates an invaluable loyalty that’ll make even shareholders happy. And that’s through Fuqua without understanding that piece.” Patel finds the teamwork strategies hard-earned at Fuqua cen- just good business,” says Boulding. n 90

Profiles Energy to Burn

Luck and a lot of knowledge brought John Buley fulltime to campus. Finance professor John Buley is an enthusiast—for teaching, for Duke, for the power of markets, and for the potential of impact investing to change the world. Buley was a managing director at J.P. Morgan and came to Fuqua frequently while his son, Thomas Buley ’10, was an undergraduate student. He spoke to students about careers in banking. He also spoke about his work in a newly formed initiative, J.P. Morgan Social Finance, exploring how capital markets could provide funding for impact investments. “I was very lucky to get involved early in the impact investing field and was particularly interested in how financing energy projects could positively affect society. I was also lucky to come to Duke frequently to experience for myself, as a parent, the level of student and faculty engagement in issues of consequence to the world.” After nearly twenty-five years as a banker, Buley was seeking his third “I had a great career—as an academic. “I had a career going at great career going at J.P. Morgan, but I knew if Fuqua asked me to teach, I J.P. Morgan, but I knew if Fuqua would come down in a minute.” As luck would have it, Buley got asked me to his wish and retired to teach corporate restructuring at Fuqua in 2012. teach, I would Then the school developed an ener- come down in gy finance concentration. a minute.” The energy finance concentration explores energy-sector issues through various lenses, such as markets, governance, and impact investing. Buley brings the big-bank perspective, but as a pioneer and leader in the field of impact investing, he understands sustainability concerns. And as a professor of the practice of finance, he knows how to lead students where they want to go. “Students are the voluntary canaries in the mineshaft in this field,” he says. “They saw this coming—the oil patch, the gas patch, and renewables. They know energy and related businesses’ consumption is a significant and growing part of the economy.” Fuqua is the first top-ten M.B.A. program to offer the concentration, which complements the sustainability initiative—the Center for Energy, Development, and the Global Environment (EDGE). Buley delights in the program’s dual attraction. “In one course I’m teaching budding investment bankers and consultants, and two hours later I’m with twenty students who want to change the world. I’m the luckiest guy on campus.”

Listen, Then Lead

As the top advocate for children’s health care, Karen Remley has her eye is on access, information, and collaboration. By focusing on the well-being of children today, we’re ensuring the health of tomorrow’s adults, says Karen Remley M.B.A. ’97, the newly appointed executive director and CEO of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). “We have a reactive healthcare system—we tackle illness after the fact—but by addressing the physical, emotional, and social health of our children, we improve the overall health of our society going forward.” The first woman to head the historic organization of 62,000 primary-care pediatricians, Remley calls her new post “the opportunity of a lifetime,” the culmination of a nearly thirty-year career as a clinician, administrator, and leader in both the public and private sectors of the health-care industry. As an emergency-room pediatrician in the 1980s, she saw families disenfranchised from the pediatric-care system for all sorts of reasons, the most glaring being that when both parents work, it’s difficult to schedule appointments between the hours of 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. One of her goals at the AAP is to improve access: “I want every child to benefit from the opportunity to have an ongoing relationship with a pediatrician they love and respect.” But in her first hundred days, Remley plans to listen and learn, just as she did during her time at Fuqua, where she studied the unfamiliar lingua franca of finance and management so she could be a more effective leader at her hospital in Norfolk, Virginia. She’s optimistic that changes in the field of medicine will reveal new opportunities to solve problems: Once-small private, male-dominated practices have been swallowed by health-care behemoths and hospital systems, and now, more women don the white coats than men. The new generation of physicians may be more amenable to the kind of nontraditional scheduling Remley says would help improve access to primary-care pediatricians. Parents, too, must be heard, especially on the urgent public-health issue of childhood vaccinations. “We need to listen more to these parents,” she says, “so that we can understand how they’re forming their decision not to vaccinate and why they’re looking for information outside the doctor’s office.” Remley says she won’t shy away from the polarizing issues that risk children’s health, but her goal is to find answers through consensus. “It’s not always about trying to persuade one side or the other, but finding the common ground.” SPECIAL SECTION






Austin Almaty

Brussels #FATW15

Connect Globally, Meet Locally

Johannesburg Fuqua celebrates together all over the world

The second annual Fuqua Around the World event went live on March 25 at more than seventy locations, from Nashville to Mumbai and Seoul. An international squad of 117 volunteers in twenty-five countries hosted the gatherings, in which current and admitted students and alumni mingled and chatted over drinks and snacks, posting their encounters online. As the day came to a close, 2,200 Team Fuqua members had participated, generating 530 tweets and Instagram mentions. To which we say, Merci. Ngiyabonga. Gracias. Sukriya. Danke. Obrigado. Grazie. Nandi. Rahmet. Thank you.




“So much of what I have experienced in life has been related to Duke, either directly or indirectly,” said Dean Sue Wasiolek ’76, M.H.A. ’78, LL.M. ’93, assistant vice president for student affairs and dean of students.

Partnering with students to make a difference

In gratitude for Duke’s lifelong influence on her student experience and 37-year career, Dean Sue has made a bequest to support the Annual Fund, Duke Football, undergraduate financial aid, and student health and wellness. “It’s important that we all give back. It allows us to pay it forward, as others did for me.” YOUR INSPIRATION IS JUST THE STARTING POINT. No matter what inspires you to give back, our expert team can help you honor the memories, people, and places that matter to you. Smart charitable planning—at any giving level—may enable you to do more than you thought possible while propelling Duke forward. Contact us today to unleash your inner philanthropist.

OFFICE OF GIFT PLANNING (919) 681-0464 |



Autumn is a great time for alumni of all ages, as well as students, to engage, connect, and celebrate on campus. This year’s Homecoming weekend includes the Duke vs. Boston College football game, the Class of 2015 First Year Reunion, affinity group gatherings, and more!

DAA Volunteers: Don’t miss our Volunteer Leadership Conference on Friday, October 2






VOLUME 101 . NO 3


Renewal time for the chapel—along with a lot more of the historic campus




Duke Magazine Special Issue 2015  

The Power Issue with stories of struggle, humility, and triumph by and featuring alumni, faculty, students, and staff.

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you