November 2021 Auction - TimeLine Auctions

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SIR WILLIAM MATTHEW FLINDERS PETRIE

Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (1853-1942) first travelled to Egypt in 1880 to survey the Great Pyramid of Giza. In 1884 he was hired by Amelia Edwards, founder of the Egyptian Exploration Fund, to conductexcavations on behalf of the society. Little did Edwards know that the 30-year-old Flinders Petrie was to become the father of modern Egyptology. Petrie’s mother and father, a scholar and surveyor, educated Petrie at home. His grandfather, Captain Matthew Flinders, was the first known circumnavigator of Australia. Inspired by his family’s achievements, Petriestarted surveying British prehistoric monuments as a teenager, beginning with the late Romano-British camp close to his family home in Charlton, near Greenwich. At the age of 19, he produced the most systematic and accurate survey of Stonehenge to have been achieved at that time. The sites discovered and explored by Petrie number amongst the most ancient and important in ancient Egypt: Hawara, Aswan, Amarna, Thebes and Ramesseum to name but a few. Petrie’s innovative thinking gave birth to the development and application of seriation in Egyptology, a method which links styles of pottery with particular time periods to establish the chronology of a site. When Petrie discovered the Merneptahstele, the earliest known historical reference to Israel, he said: “This stele will be better known in the world than anything else I have found.” Although he received little formal education, Petrie penned copious numbers of works in his lifetime: ninetyseven books and around nine hundred articles. In 1904, Petrie published ‘Methods and Aims in Archaeology’, the definitive work of his time, in which he observed that research results were dependent on the personality of the archaeologist, who, in addition to a broad knowledge base, had to possess insatiable curiosity. In 1892 Petrie was made Edwards Professor of Ancient Archaeology and Philology at University College London. In 1894 he founded the Egyptian Research Account, which became the British School of Archaeology in 1905. Petrie eventually sold his collection of Egyptian antiquities to University College in 1913 and it is now housed in the Museum of Egyptian Archaeology. In 1923 Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie was knighted for services to British archaeology and Egyptology. In 1926 the focus of Petrie’s work shifted to Palestine, where he began excavating several important sites in the south-west region of the country, including Tell el-Jemmeh and Tell el-Ajjul. Upon his death in Jerusalem on 28 July 1942, Petrie’s body was interred in the Protestant cemetery on Mount Zion, whilst his head was donated by his wife to The Royal College of Surgeons of London.

Dr. Raffaele D'Amato


OUR SPECIALISTS Dr. Raffaele D'Amato (Head of Antiquities Department)

CDO Christopher Wren (Head of Coins Department)

Professor Neritan Ceka (Ancient Antiquities)

Dr. Laura Vigna (Ancient Jewellery, Ceramics & Marble)

Dr. Ronald Bonewitz (Minerals, Gems, Fossils & General Antiquities)

Dr. Brian Gilmour (Arms & Armour, General Antiquities)

Dr. Malcolm Jones (Medieval Antiquities)

Dr. Ittai Gradel (Roman Inscriptions, Gemstones & Antiquities)

Dr. Alberto Pollastrini (Egyptian & Associated Antiquities)

Dr. Laura Proffitt (Classical & General Antiquities)

Dr. Robert Chandler (Natural History)

Diana Mroczek (Classical Antiquities)

Peter Clayton, FCILIP, Dip, Arch, FSA, FRNS (Egyptian & General Antiquities)

Richard Falkiner, FSA (Coins, Jewellery & General Antiquities)

Peter Bufton (Ethnographic, Far Eastern & General Antiquities)

Stephen Pollington (Anglo-Saxon, Viking & General Antiquities)

Michaela Simonova, M.A. (Viking, Mesoamerica, Religious & General Antiquities)

Mehdy Shaddel (Western Asiatic & Islamic Antiquities)

Richard Roy (Ancient Americas)

Stefany Tomalin (Beads & Associated Jewellery)

Dane Kurth (Ancient Greek, Roman & Byzantine Coins)

Italo Vecchi (Coins & General Antiquities)


ANCIENT ART & ANTIQUITIES

The May Fair Hotel Crystal Room Stratton Street London, W1J 8LT

30 November 2021 1-3 December 2021 (Harwich)

Heads of Departments Antiquities: Dr Raffaele D'Amato Coins: Christopher Wren

Enquiries TimeLine Auctions Limited 23-24 Berkeley Square London W1J 6HE, UK Tel: +44 (0)20 7129 1494 Head Office TimeLine Auctions Limited The Court House 363 Main Road Harwich, Essex CO12 4DN, UK Website www.timelineauctions.com Auction Tuesday 30 November 10am Wednesday 1 December 10am Thursday 2 December 10am Friday 3 December 10am

(Day 1) (Day 2) (Day 3) (Day 4)

Viewing Monday 29 November 12 noon to 9pm Tuesday 30 November 9am, and during the sale Viewing & Champagne Reception Monday 29 November 6pm to 9pm

Bids +44 (0)1277 815121 +44 (0)1277 814122 fax bids@timelineauctions.com

Consultants Dr Ronald Bonewitz (Antiquities & Geological) Dr Manuel Ceccarelli (Western Asiatic Antiquities) Dr Raffaele D'Amato (Roman & Military Antiquities) Dr Brian Gilmour (Arms & Armour & General Antiquities) Dr Ittai Gradel (Classical & General Antiquities) Dr Malcolm Jones (Medieval & Later Antiquities) Dr Alberto Pollastrini (Egyptian & Associated Antiquities) Dr Laura Proffitt (Classical & General Antiquities) Dr Laura Vigna (Ancient Jewellery, Ceramics & Marble) Professor Neritan Ceka (Ancient Antiquities) Peter Clayton, FCILIP, Dip, Arch, FSA, FRNS (Egyptian) Richard Falkiner, FSA (Jewellery & General Antiquities) Michael Howgate, B.Sc. M.Sc. PGCE FLS (Natural History) Peter Bufton (Far Eastern, Islamic & Ethnographic) Diana Mroczek (Classical Antiquities) Stephen Pollington (Anglo-Saxon & Viking Antiquities) Thomas Sturm (Cylinder Seals) Richard Roy (Ancient Americas) Michaela Simonova, MA (Mesoamerica, Viking & Religious) Amin Rezai (Western Asiatic & Islamic Antiquities) Mehdy Shaddel (Western Asiatic & Islamic Antiquities) Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A (Jewellery, Gemstones & Icons) Heather L. Godfrey, MA FRNS (General Antiquities & Coins) Robert Chandler (Paleontology) Stefany Tomalin (Beads & Associated Jewellery) Dane Kurth (Greek & Roman Coins & Antiquities) Italo Vecchi (Coins & General Antiquities) For further information and biographies see: www.timelineauctions.com

Please note that absentee bids can be submitted on our system until 8am on each sale date, unless submitted by e-mail or in person

Auctioneers Edward Rising Lindsey Gundersen

Bidding by telephone can only be arranged for any lot with a lower estimate in excess of £250, and by prior arrangement

Press Desk Tanja Maijala

Sale Number: 205 Please see back of the catalogue for Terms & Conditions Illustrations Front cover: Lot 25 Back cover: Lot 381 We provide service in 7 languages. Auction Security: Secura HQ Ltd.

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Chief Executive Officer: Brett Hammond Chief Operating Officer: Aaron Hammond Head of Administration: Tanja Maijala Client Account Managers: Elizabeth Gray, Megan Hammond Admin Assistants: Law Yuen Ying Auction Administration: Naomi Rowe Storage Manager: Vedran Saraden

All lots with an upper estimate value of £1,000 and above, and all Western Asiatic lots are searched against the Art Loss Register database


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Explanation of Symbols Lots illustrated on timelineauctions.com but not in this catalogue

z

Lots accompanied by 360° view or additional video Red Title

Lots offered without a reserve

C

Subject to CITES regulations when exporting outside UK

VAT payable at 20% on hammer price and buyer's premium

5% import VAT on the hammer price

Ω

20% import VAT on the hammer price

Bidding This is a rostrum auction and there will be live internet bidding through www.timelineauctions.com, www.the-saleroom.com, www.invaluable.com and www.liveauctioneers.com. The buyer’s premium is 27% inclusive (live internet bidding is free on timelineauctions.com, additional 5% +VAT is charged on other sites). TimeLine Auctions is not responsible for any missed lots or bids due to network speed or down-time. Bidders are reminded that our website carries high-resolution enlargeable colour images of all of the items illustrated in this catalogue, together with items not illustrated in print. An Absentee Bidding Form can be mailed or emailed, to reach us by no later than 9pm the day before the sale. Alternatively, please register on our website and record your auto bids free of charge via your online account: www.timelineauctions.com. Please do not consider your absentee bid form to have been successfully logged unless you have received an acknowledgement from us. Collection and Storage Lots will be available to collect from our Harwich premises by prior arrangement only from 6 December 2021. Storage charges may apply from 9 December 2021 for unpaid items, free vaulted storage service is available for all items upon receipt of full payment. Notice to Buyers Some lots will require export licences in order to leave the UK, please contact us for advice if required. We try to provide information regarding general condition, restorations, repairs and damage for each lot but this is necessarily subjective. The absence of specific information does not imply that the lot is free from defects or that it is in good condition. Bidders should satisfy themselves in all respects by personal inspection before bidding. Estimate ranges are provided for general information only and are given in Pounds Sterling (£). For antiquities, approximate equivalents in Euros (EUR) and US Dollars (USD). Hammer prices may fall outside the ranges indicated. All bids and payments must be made in Pounds Sterling (£). Please be aware that items containing restricted animal-derived material such as coral or ivory will need a specialist CITES export license to leave the UK.

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Sale schedule

The May Fair Hotel, London Antiquities - Tuesday 30 November 2021 (Day 1) 10:00 - Egyptian Antiquities (Lots 1 - 33) - Greek Antiquities (Lots 34 - 62) - Roman Antiquities (Lots 63 - 110) - Byzantine Antiquities (Lots 111 - 132) - Western Asiatic Antiquities (Lots 133 - 230) - Chinese & Far Eastern Antiquities (Lots 231 - 260) - India & Region Antiquities (Lots 261 - 266) - Islamic Antiquities (Lots 267 - 288) - Arms & Armour (Lots 289 - 325) - Stone Age, Bronze Age & Iron Age Antiquities (Lots 326 - 340) - Saxon, Viking & Germanic Antiquities (Lots 341 - 388) - Medieval & Post Medieval (Lots 389 - 449) - Christian Antiquities (Lots 450 - 475) - American Antiquities & Natural History (Lots 476 - 500)

The Court House, Harwich Antiquities - Wednesday 1 December 2021 (Day 2) 10.00 - Egyptian Antiquities (Lots 501 - 561) - Greek Antiquities (Lots 562 - 624) - Roman Antiquities (Lots 625 - 800) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Roman Antiquities (Lots 801 - 831) - Byzantine Antiquities (Lots 832 - 860) - Western Asiatic Antiquities (Lots 861 - 1089) Antiquities - Thursday 2 December 2021 (Day 3) 10.00 - Chinese & Far Eastern Antiquities (Lots 1090 - 1176) - India & Region Antiquities (Lots 1177 - 1221) - Islamic Antiquities (Lots 1222 - 1261) - Arms & Armour (Lots 1262 - 1390) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Arms & Armour (Lots 1391 - 1451) - Stone Age, Bronze Age & Iron Age Antiquities (Lots 1452 - 1533) - Saxon, Viking & Germanic Antiquities (Lots 1534 - 1632) - Medieval Antiquities (Lots 1633 - 1703) Natural History & Coins - Friday 3 December 2021 (Day 4) 10.00 - Post Medieval Antiquities & Books (Lots 1704 - 1805) - Christian Antiquities (Lots 1806 - 1830) - American & Ethnographic (Lots 1831 - 1840) - Natural History (Lots 6000 - 6170) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Coins, Tokens, Medals & Books (Lots 8000 - 8339)

TimeLine Auctions


30 November 2021

Ancient Art & Antiquities

Egyptian Also see lots 501 - 561

Lots 1 - 33


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EGYPTIAN ALABASTER BOWL Early Dynastic Period, 3rd millennium BC A veined alabaster bowl, carved with a gently tapering D-section wall and a rounded base. 875 grams, 20.5cm (8"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From a deceased Japanese collector, 1970-2015.

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EGYPTIAN DIORITE OFFERING BOWL Late Period, 664-332 BC A carved diorite offering vessel, sub-rectangular in plan with D-section walls and splayed u-section bowl. 1.3 kg, 13cm (5"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From an important North West London collection; acquired in the late 1980searly 1990s.

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EGYPTIAN COSMETIC PALETTE Late Period, 664-332 BC 2

A rectangular granite cosmetic palette with chamfered underside, shallow central recess. 402 grams, 11.6cm (4½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; from the private collection of Mr A.; acquired circa 1980. Literature Cf. Bourriau, J., 'Pharaohs and Mortals. Egyptian Art in the Middle Kingdom, Cambridge, 1988, p.145, no.152; see the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, accession number 15.3.1131. Footnotes Palettes such as this were used as mortars for grinding cosmetic pigments, intended for application to the face and eyes.

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EGYPTIAN TRIPLE KOHL POT New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A carved stone kohl pot formed as three conjoined columns with stylised lotus leaves, ribbed triangular collar with rounded corners at the neck, circular opening to each pot. 123 grams, 81mm (3¼"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market in 2012; previously in a 1970s collection.

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EGYPTIAN GREYWACKE COSMETIC PALETTE Predynastic, 4th-3rd millennium BC

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A carved Naqada cosmetic palette with broadly semi-circular body, rounded arms and a small circular piercing through the body for the stylus. 110 grams, 10.3cm (4"). Fair condition, chipped. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; from the private collection of Mr A.; acquired circa 1980. Exhibited 'Voyage in Egypt' Museum of Prehistory of Merton, France, 4 August 1990, directed by Roger Gallaino. Footnotes Fashioned in the form of a stylised boat or aegis collar.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN BLACK-TOPPED JAR COLLECTION Naqada I-II Periods, c.3900-3200 BC A group of three black-topped pottery vessels of varied size; the larger ovoid jar with everted rim, the smaller neckless vessels with slightly thickened rims; provided with a custom-made display stand and carry case. 8.1 kg total including cases, 12.5-24.5cm (5 - 9½"). Fine condition, repaired. [3] £7,000 - 9,000 EUR 8,280 - 10,650 USD 9,610 - 12,360 Provenance Ex London gallery; deaccessioned from the Wakefield Museum, West Yorkshire, UK, in the mid 1980s; accompanied by an academic report by Dr Alberto Maria Pollastrini; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10995-181550.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Sowada, K.S., Black-Topped Ware in Early Dynastic Contexts, in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, vol.85, 1999; Adams, B., Predynastic Egypt, Shire Egyptology 7, Princes Risborough, 1988; Petrie, W.M.F., Naqada and Ballas, London, 1895; Petrie, W.M.F., Corpus of Prehistoric Pottery and Palettes, London, 1921; Wodzinska, A., A Manual of Egyptian Pottery. Volume 1: Fayum A – Lower Egyptian Culture, Boston, 2010. Footnotes The three vessels belong to B class according to Petrie’s classification of Predynastic material (Petrie, 1896, 36-37; Petrie, 1921, pl. I-VIII). This pottery type is generally made from Nile silt with organic and non-organic inclusions, with a polished red surface and a distinctive blackened area below the rim, the precise nature of which is still under debate. It was probably produced by placing the vessels upside down in reducing organic material immediately after firing (Adam, 1988, p. 20; Sowada, 1999, pp. 85-86). The 'black-topped' ware was the most common funerary pottery during Naqada I and Naqada II periods, with a small volume of production in the Naqada III, Early Dynastic and Old Kingdom periods. The taller vessel dates to the Naqada IIC-D periods (Wodzinska, 2010, p.135). The smaller ones probably date back to the Naqada I period (Wodzinska, 2010, p.101-118).

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EGYPTIAN TURQUOISE-GLAZED HIPPOPOTAMUS Late Middle Kingdom-Second Intermediate Period, 1803-1550 BC A faience hippopotamus figurine, the turquoise-glazed plump body adorned by painted black design representing Nilotic plants and hunting nets arranged in an X-motif across the back, a lotus flower emanating from the short 'v' shaped tail, the motifs reflecting the creatures' habitat; a lotus flower to the head flanked by small pricked ears outlined in black, the left eye painted in black with a large pupil; accompanied by a custom-made collector's box. 338 grams (1.1 kg including box), 12.5cm (4¾"). Fine condition, restoration to the head and neck. Rare. £40,000 - 60,000 EUR 47,330 - 71,000 USD 54,910 - 82,370 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; with Bonhams, New Bond Street, London, 6 October 2010, lot 13 (£80,000-£120,000); previously in the collection of Mrs Petra Schamelman, Breitenbach, Germany; acquired from the collection of Fernand Adda, formed in the 1920s-1930s; accompanied by an academic report by Dr Alberto Maria Pollastrini and a copy of a positive thermoluminescence analysis report, sample no. N208b26, from Oxford Authentication and copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against

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the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10875-181052. The Adda family, originally from Alexandria, formed the majority of their collection in the 1920s-1930s. Abraham Adda (b. circa 1855) had three sons, Victor (b. circa 1885-1965) a collector of coins, Iznik and ancient Egyptian objects; Fernand, a collector of Iznik ceramics, and Joseph. The collection has been situated in Europe since before the Second World War. Literature See Germond, P., Livet, J., Bestiaro Egizio, Florence, 2001, p.172; Guichard, H. (ed.), Des Animaux et des Pharaons. Le Regne Animal Dans L'Egypte Ancienne, Paris, 2014, p.77; Miniaci, G., Quirke, S., Reconceiving the Tomb in the Late Middle Kingdom. The Burial of the Accountant of the Main Enclosure Neferhotep At Dra Abu Al-Naga, Bifao 109 (2010), pp.346-348, 370371, fig.4, 15A-B; see D'Auria, S. et al, Mummies and Magic, the funerary arts of ancient Egypt, Boston, 1988, p.127, no.58, for discussion. Footnotes The hippopotamus statuette analysed here belongs to a well-known typology of funerary figurines found in late Middle Kingdom/Second Intermediate Period burials across the whole of Egypt. Their symbolic meaning is twofold: on one hand, this large semiaquatic mammal represents the sun rising from the primordial waters, on the other the female hippopotamus is generally associated with Taweret, a goddess connected with fecundity and birth. Therefore, hippopotamus statuettes such as this one were placed in tombs to aid the rebirth of the deceased into the afterlife. Such figures may have been ritually broken to control the dangerous aspect of the hippopotamus. For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN BLUE-GLAZED HEAD Late Period, 664-332 BC A composition royal head with Deshret Crown, the Red Crown of Lower Egypt, and semi-naturalistic detailing to the face, pierced in the side of the crown for suspension; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 43.6 grams total, 72mm including stand (2¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £150 - 200 EUR 180 - 240 USD 210 - 270 Provenance Ex French collection, since the 1950s.

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EGYPTIAN FAIENCE TAWERET AMULET Late Period, 664-332 BC A faience amulet formed as the goddess Taweret in hippopotamus guise, standing on a rectangular base, decorated dorsal pillar, suspension loop above. 6.16 grams, 45mm (1¾"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously with a London art dealer; formerly with S.A.; from a British collection formed in the 1960s-1970s.

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EGYPTIAN FAIENCE TAWERET AMULET Late Period, 664-332 BC 11 A glazed composition amulet depicting the goddess Taweret in hippopotamus guise, decorated dorsal pillar and suspension loop to the reverse. 4.36 grams, 35mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously with a London art dealer; formerly with S.A.; from a British collection formed in the 1960s-1970s.

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LARGE EGYPTIAN BLUE-GLAZED BES AMULET Ptolemaic Period, 332-30 BC A brilliant blue-glazed faience head of the dwarf god Bes, pierced feather headdress. 83.3 grams, 73mm (3"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From the collection of a deceased London gentleman, prior to 1988; thence by descent.

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EGYPTIAN MUMMY BEAD MASK WITH FOUR SONS OF HORUS Ptolemaic Period, 332-30 BC A restrung netted beadwork panel of annular and tubular glazed composition beads in blues, greens, black, cream and red-brown colours, depicting a mummy face mask with false beard, a scarab with extended wings below, two pairs of facing ‘sons of Horus’ figures beneath the scarab, joined together with areas of open netting of tubular beads. 78 grams, 24cm (9½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 12

Provenance Ex Mariaud de Serres, Paris, France, 1990s.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN AND OTHER FAIENCE AMULET GROUP Late-Ptolemaic Period, 664-30 BC A mixed group of sixty mainly Egyptian composition, glass and stone amulets, comprising beads of various types; Eye of Horus amulets; scarab amulets; fruit and heart amulets; a group of figural amulets including Bes, Taweret and other deities; cylinder seal bearing frieze of geometric forms; a number of fragmentary pieces. 25 grams total, 3-28mm (¼ - 1"). Fine condition. [60] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

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Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously with a London art dealer; formerly with S.A.; from a British collection formed in the 1960s-1970s.

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EGYPTIAN FAIENCE AMULET COLLECTION Mainly Late Period, 664-332 BC A mixed group of ten mostly glazed composition beads or amulets, most pierced for suspension, comprising: a blue scarab with worn symbols to base; three wedjats; a sphinx; series of five conjoined tubular beads; a hoop with biconvex body; a 'heart' amulet; Thoth in baboon form seated on a rectangular base; a multiple Eye of Horus amulet with detailing in raised relief. 11.2 grams total, 12-20mm (¼ ¾"). Fine condition. [10] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously with a London art dealer; formerly with S.A.; from a British collection formed in the 1960s-1970s.

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EGYPTIAN FAIENCE RING WITH SCARAB Late New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A green faience ring decorated in raised relief with two lotus flowers extending from the base of the hoop to the shoulders, a scarab between them. 13.83 grams, 36.64mm overall, 21.09mm internal diameter (approximate size British X, USA 11½, Europe 26.29, Japan 25) (1½"). Fine condition. A large wearable size. £700 - 900 EUR 830 - 1,060 USD 960 - 1,240 Provenance Ex David Miller collection; formerly from the Struss family collection, Stonehurst Park, UK, 1940s.

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EGYPTIAN FROG AMULET IN GOLD RING Late-Ptolemaic Period, 664-30 BC 15 A grey jasper amulet formed as a frog modelled naturalistically in the round in high-relief, sitting on a discoid base; set into an antique gold ring with D-section hoop, openwork lotus flower terminals and twisted gold wire bezel. 5.48 grams, 26.56mm overall, 19.77mm internal diameter (approximate size British P, USA 7½, Europe 16.23, Japan 15) (1"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market in 2012; previously in a 1970s collection. Literature For a similar frog set in a gold ring see Christie's, Ancient Jewelry, 7 November 2011, lot 343: 'An Egyptian Agate Frog, Late Period to Ptolemaic Period, 66430 BC'; with Jack Ogden, London, 1980. Footnotes The frog may originally have been produced as the lid of a cosmetic vessel.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE STATUE OF ISIS LACTANS Ptolemaic Period, 332-30 BC A limestone statuette of the goddess Isis seated on a throne, nursing her son Horus on her lap, now largely missing; the lower part of the head still partially preserved, tripartite wig visible; around the neck an elaborate collar, decorated with triangular beads; dressed in a long voluminous robe with a cloak, visible on the sides of the throne; the throne on a raised plinth with the sides decorated with engraved motifs. 1.8 kg, 18.5cm (7¼"). Fair condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; formerly in the private collection of Prof Joseph Laissus (1900-1969), a professor of metallography and president of the French Society of Jules Verne; accompanied by an academic report by Dr Raffaele D'Amato. Literature See similar images of Isis in Walker, S. & Higgs, P., Cleopatra of Egypt, from History to the Myth, London, 2001, items I.26, IV.10; see also various similar examples in Higgins, S., ‘Divine Mothers, The influence of Isis on the Virgin Mary in Egyptian Lactans-Iconography’ in Journal of the Canadian Society for Coptic Studies 3-4, January 2012, pp. 71-86, figs.2, 5, 7.

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Footnotes The raised right hand identifies the subject as the goddess Isis Lactans nursing Harpocrates-Horus. Often the Ptolemaic queens were represented as the goddess Isis, but the absence of a face makes any identification impossible. However, it was very likely a votive statuette. The subject was still represented in later times and it strongly influenced the early Christian iconography of Virgin Mary.

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EGYPTIAN GRADUATED WEIGHT SET 1st millennium BC A set of six graduated stone weights of various composition, each with tapering side walls, domed top and flat base. 93 grams total, 935mm (¼ - 1½"). Fine condition. [6] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750 Provenance From an important North West London collection; acquired in the late 1980searly 1990s. Literature See The Canadian Museum of History, Egyptian Trade Weights, for similar. Footnotes Weights such as these were used to determine the value of grain and other goods in the marketplace.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN GRANITE MASK FROM A SARCOPHAGUS Late Period, 664-332 BC A carved black granite head, possibly once part of a stone sarcophagus, youthful face with idealised features, wearing a bag wig falling low on the brow and delineated from the forehead by a deeply incised line, rounded cheeks and almond-shaped eyes, the mouth set in a slight smile with the lips exhibiting a well-defined contour line around the edges, as is typical for high-quality workmanship; the head accompanied by four glazed composition mummiform funerary figurines; all mounted on a custom-made display stand. 5 kg total, 25cm including stand (9¾"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,920 - 8,280 USD 6,860 - 9,610

Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; previously in a French collection, acquired in 2012 for a New York, USA gallery; formerly in the collection of Mr. Nahman, since 1950, thence by descent; accompanied by a copy of a French cultural passport no.227349 and a copy of an academic report by Dr Alberto Maria Pollastrini; accompanied by scholarly note TL05402 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10900-180444. Literature See Aldred, C., 'Statuaire (Chapitre II)' in Leclant, J. (ed.), L’Égypte du crépuscule. De Tanis à Méroé 1070 av. J.-C. - IVe siècle apr. J.-C., Paris: Gallimard, 1980; Bothmer, B. V. et al., Egyptian Sculpture of the Late Period 700 B.C. to A.D. 100, Brooklyn: The Brooklyn Museum, 1960; Buhl, M.-L., The late Egyptian anthropoid stone sarcophagi, København: Nationalmusee, 1959; D'Auria, S., Lacovara P. & Roehrig, C. H., Mummies & Magic, The Funerary Arts of Ancient Egypt, Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1988. Footnotes The so-called Archaic smile is an element that appeared early in the 26th Dynasty and became a regular feature of Late Period and Ptolemaic art.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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EGYPTIAN CARTONNAGE FOOT COVERING WITH FEET AND LOTUS FLOWER

EGYPTIAN CARTONNAGE PANEL WITH GODS Ptolemaic Period, 332-30 BC

Ptolemaic-Roman Period, 332 BC-323 AD A cartonnage panel from the underfeet of a cartonnage mummy case, roughly rectangular in plan, painted with the stylised outline of two shoes, a lotus flower between, vibrant polychrome painted geometric detailing to the soles and flower, one remaining edge of geometric border composed of square segments, set against a dark red background; the reverse professionally strengthened and backed; held in a modern frame. 725 grams, 27 x 22.5cm (10½ x 8¾"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750

A rectangular cartonnage panel section with painted border above and below, procession of four seated figures comprising: lionessheaded goddess Sekhmet wearing a sun disk; goddess of truth Ma'at with an ostrich feather on her head; a figure wearing a scarab beetle headdress, possibly depicting god Khepri; a pharaoh wearing the Pschent, the white crown; each wearing a shoulder-length mantle, ankh mounted on the raised knee; good proportion of polychrome paint surviving; professionally reinforced backing. 68 grams, 28cm (11"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

Provenance From early 20th century collection, Home Counties, UK, c.1930-1940.

Provenance Ex Norfolk, UK, collection, 1950s.

Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number O.C.348, for similar.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN CARTONNAGE PANEL Ptolemaic Period, 332-30 BC Two sections of mummy cartonnage: the chest part comprising a Broad Collar with falcon's head terminals, a winged scarab and the winged goddess Isis; the lower section with panels showing Anubis officiating over the deceased on the funerary bier flanked by the goddesses Nephthys and Isis; four crouching protecting deities with was sceptres on their knees, a winged scarab, the Four Sons of Horus flanking a column of hieroglyphs reading: 'O Osiris, Lord of the West, great God, Lord of Abydos, Osiris [damaged]'; painted in bright polychrome colours; mounted in a wooden frame; probably from different mummies. 1.7 kg, 78 x 32cm (30¾ x 12½"). Fine condition. £7,000 - 9,000 EUR 8,280 - 10,650 USD 9,610 - 12,360

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Property of an important London collector; acquired from Cahn Auktionen AG, 9 November 2013, lot 53; ex A.T. collection Switzerland, circa 1950-1980; accompanied by a copy of a Art Loss Register certificate no.S00079679 and a copy of the relevant Cahn catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10881-179471. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number EA29776, for comparable.

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LARGE EGYPTIAN ALABASTER OVERSEER SHABTI Late 18th-19th Dynasty, 1319-1189 BC A large carved alabaster overseer (rais) shabti wearing a duplex wig 'perruque à revers', normally associated with the dress of the living, an ornamental collar, ousehk, visible between the lappets of the wig, the face broad and reminiscent of a funerary mask with delicate cosmetic lines; holding a crook and flail in his hands, each painted in black pigment; wearing a long layered kilt and a pleated apron with a painted hieroglyphic text tentatively identified as 'sHD wsir / wrwy / Dd.f' (on the instructions of Osiris / Werwy (personal name) / says), remains of feet visible beneath the kilt; the overseer's belt, wig and shirt pleats continued in black pigment on the reverse of the figure with surviving red pigmentation to the obverse; mounted on a custommade display stand. 3.3 kg total, 37cm including stand (14½"). Fine condition. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 14,200 - 20,120 USD 16,470 - 23,340

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Provenance Property of a central London gentleman; previously with Pierre Bergé & Associés, Paris, France, 30 May 2015, lot 32 (32,000-35,000 euros); acquired from a private European collection, in 1978; previously with Maspero collection, Paris, in 1963; formerly in the Carieau family collection, Belgium, acquired in 1952; accompanied by an academic report by Dr Alberto Maria Pollastrini and a scholarly note TL05403 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10876-180803; and copies of the relevant Pierre Bergé & Associés catalogue pages. Literature See Schneider, H. D., Shabtis, Leiden, 1977, p.237, no.3.2.5.2-6; Milde, H., 'Shabtis' in Wendrich, W. (ed.), UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology, Los Angeles. 2012; the less detailed pair to this shabti previously sold by Bonhams, New Bond Street, London, 30 November 2016, lot 175 [sold for £35,000 hammer]; accompanied by copies of the relevant catalogue pages.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE PAINTED SHABTI Ramesside Period, 19th-20th Dynasty, 1295-1077 BC A carved limestone shabti with painted detailing to the eyes and costume, agricultural tools and headdress; the costume with horizontal bands in light tan and red; incised bands of hieroglyphic text in horizontal and vertical orientation, including the name of the owner (a scribe called 'Ir-nu') and a standard form of quotation from the Book of the Dead chapter 6: vertical column 'Instructions of the Osiris'; horizontal rows: 'Ir-nu, justified; he says: O these shabti / if I am counted, if I am reckoned to do work / [which is done in] the necropolis in order to cultivate the river-banks (or riparian lands) [in order to] convey 'sand' / of the west [to the east?]; if I am summoned at any time / I will do it, thus I say!'; accompanied by a custom-made stand. 1.4 kg total, 28cm including stand (11"). Fine condition. £80,000 - 100,000 EUR 94,660 - 118,330 USD 109,830 - 137,290

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Provenance Property of a central London gentleman; acquired from a private European collection, in 1978; previously with Maspero collection, Paris, in 1963; formerly in the Carieau family collection, Belgium, acquired in 1952; accompanied by a technical report by Edmund S. Meltzer Ph.D., and a scholarly note no.TL05399 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz. Literature See Donald, B., 'Funerary Figurines' in Oxford Encyclopaedia of Ancient Egypt, vol 1, New York, 2000, pp.568-569. Exhibited The European Fine Art Foundation (TEFAF) 2016, Booth 430, Maastricht Exhibition & Congress Centre, Maastricht, Netherlands.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN BRONZE HEAD OF A GOD OR KING WITH INLAID EYES 21st-22nd Dynasty, 1000-900 BC A hollow cast bronze head of a pharaoh wearing a tripartite wig and a long braided chin-beard; eyebrows, makeup lines around the eyes and chin strap for the false beard inlaid in gold; the eyes inlaid with obsidian, remains of original clay casting core visible; mounted on a custom-made display stand and held in a custom-made display case. 1.18 kg total, 21 cm including stand (8¼"). Fine condition. £50,000 - 70,000 EUR 59,160 - 82,830 USD 68,640 - 96,100 Provenance From the collection of a Kensington gentleman; acquired from Mansour Gallery, London W1, UK, in 2013; acquired from Rennes Enchères - Hôtel des Ventes, France, 11 March 2003, lot 117 (front cover) for 150,000.00 euros; previously in the French family collection of Monsieur and Madam M since the early 1960s, thence by descent; accompanied by an academic report by Dr Alberto Maria Pollastrini; also accompanied by copies of the French Passport no.058205 dated 15 April 2003, Rennes Enchères invoice, Rennes Enchères cataloguing in French and with an English translation, Mansour Gallery invoice, previously, typed and illustrated collection cataloguing pages, and the 2003 auction catalogue showing the piece on the front cover; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10936-181155.

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Literature Cf. Roeder, G., Egyptischem Bronzefiguren, 1956, p.471 & 637, pl.63-64; and J.F. et L, Aubert Bronzes et Egyptiens, 2001, p.353-355; Hill, M., 'A Bronze Aegis of King Amasis in the Egyptian Museum: Bronzes, Unconventionality and Unexpected Connections' in Eldamaty, M. and Trad, M. (eds.), Egyptian Museum Collections Around the World, Vol.2, Cairo, 2002; Hill, M., Gift for the Gods. Images from Egyptian Temples, New Heaven and London, 2007; Ivanov, S., 'A Bronze Aegis of King Amasis in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo' in Maravelia, A.-A. (ed.) En Quête de la Lumière / In Quest of Light. Mélanges in Honorem Ashraf A. Sadek (BAR International Series 1960), Oxford, 2009A; Ivanov, S., 'The Aegis in Ancient Egyptian Art: Aspects of Interpretation', in Hawass, Z. (ed.), Egyptology at the Dawn of the Twenty-first Century. Proceeding of the Eighth International Congress of Egyptologists, 2000. Vol.2, Cairo, New York, 2009B; Roeder, G., Ägyptische Bronzefiguren, Berlin, 1956; Aubert, J.F, and Aubert, L., Bronzes et Or Egyptiens, Paris, 2001, pp.353-355; Dunham, D., 'An Egyptian Bronze Aegis', 1932, BMFA Vol.29, no.176, pp.104109. Footnotes This mask was part of an aegis, a cult implement representing the head of a deity wearing a broad usekh-collar. Aegides appeared at the beginning of the 18th Dynasty and became popular in the Third Intermediate and Late Periods (IVANOV 2003B, pp.332-333); their real use is still under debate: in general, aegides were used to decorate the prow and the stern of sacred barques but sometimes they are described by scholars as terminals for standards or for carrying poles of a piece of processional equipment. Although aegides are generally surmounted with divine heads (further examples in Roeder, 1956, pp.465-472, pl.63-65), royal images are not unknown (e.g. aegis of King Amasis, Hill, 2002, pp.545-556; Hill, 2007, pp.137-138; Ivanov, 2009A, pp.2532).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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LARGE EGYPTIAN STATUETTE OF OSIRIS Late Period, 26th-30th Dynasty, 664-343 BC A bronze mummiform figure of Osiris, arms crossed at the chest, holding crook and flail with highlighted features, fine semi-naturalistic detailing to the face and ears, wearing false beard and Atef crown with uraeus, detailing to the snake's head and body; tapering rectangular-section lug to soles of feet for attachment; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 1.2 kg total, 37.5cm including stand (14¾"). Very fine condition. £30,000 - 40,000 EUR 35,500 - 47,330 USD 41,190 - 54,910

Provenance From an important London W1, collection; acquired from Baidun Fine Antiquities, Jerusalem, Israel; ex French private collection (French passport no.137448), acquired circa 1970; accompanied by a copy of an certificate of authenticity from Baidun Fine Antiquities and an academic report by Dr Alberto Maria Pollastrini; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11009181279. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 56.16.2, for a comparable 26th Dynasty example; Museo Stibbert, Florence, statuette Inv. n. 11169; Del Francia, P. R., 'Le antichità egizie' in AA. VV., 'Frederick Stibbert, gentiluomo, collezionista e sognatore, Rivista del Museo Stibbert 3, Firenze, 2000, p.90, n.3, pl.20; see Robins, G., Egyptian Shabtis, Shire Egyptology 26, Princes Risborough, 2001, pp.19. Footnotes The god Osiris is most often represented as a shrouded mummy, emphasising his connection with the dead and the otherworld. During the first millennium BC, Osiris became one of the most popular gods of the Egyptian pantheon. For this reason, a huge amount of bronze statuettes representing Osiris were made and used as votive offerings.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN AMULETIC NEFERTUM FIGURE

EGYPTIAN OSIRIS STATUETTE

26th Dynasty, 664-525 BC

Late Period, 664-332 BC

A bronze amuletic statuette of the Egyptian god Nefertum, modelled in the round advancing forwards, arms held tightly to his sides, bare torso, wearing a lotus blossom headdress flanked by one remaining menat, tripartite wig, kilt and long beard; loop to reverse of the headdress for suspension; mounted on a custom-made display stand; accompanied by a note folded inside an envelope stamped 'Massar Brothers Khan El Khalily Bazaar Cairo (Egypt) U.A.R', the note handwritten on Massar Brothers headed paper, 'Authorised By The Egyptian Museum To Sell Antiquities Licence No.123', and reads: 'God Nefertum in bronze 26th. 2800 years old Provenance LowerEgypt Nefertum was the god of the flower and and (sic) plantation, he was too, the god of hope. Guaranteed antique genuine Massar Brothers 27/9/69', two Cairo '10 Mills' stamps below, over-stamped with 'Khan El Khalily' ink stamp. 233 grams total, 14.5cm including stand (5¾"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370

A bronze figurine of Osiris standing with flail and crook in his crossed arms, plaited beard, Atef crown to his head with uraeus above the brow, mounted on a custom-made stand. 150 grams total, 12cm including stand (4¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired in London in 1976. Literature See O'Connor, D., Abydos: Egypt's First Pharaohs and the Cult of Osiris, London, 2009, for a discussion on the role of Osiris in Egyptian religion and society.

Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire, UK, collector; previously with a Middlesex collector who acquired the piece from Hassar Brothers, Cairo, Egypt, in 1969; accompanied by the original sales receipt dated 27th September 1969. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 04.2.455; cf. The Smithsonian, accession number 260207. Footnotes Nefertum was born of a blue lotus flower which had arisen from the primal waters. Some of his titles were 'He Who is Beautiful' and 'Water-Lily of the Sun'; one version of the Book of the Dead reads 'Rise like Nefertum from the blue water lily, to the nostrils of Ra (the creator and sun god), and come forth upon the horizon each day.' He was regarded as the god of perfumes and unguents and ancient Egyptians often carried small statuettes of him as good-luck charms.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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LARGE EGYPTIAN WOODEN HIPPOPOTAMUS FIGURINE Late Middle Kingdom-Second Intermediate Period, 1803-1550 BC A wooden figure carved in the round as a standing hippopotamus, the ears, eyes and tail picked out in raised relief, shaped muzzle and detailing to nostrils and mouth, circular hole to the sole of each foot for attachment. 330 grams, 17cm (6¾"). Fine condition, split and chipped underneath. £20,000 - 30,000 EUR 23,670 - 35,500 USD 27,460 - 41,190 Provenance From an important London W1, collection; ex Croisier collection (inv no. A 2004-0017/dt); formerly with Galerie Samarcande, Paris, in 1989; accompanied by an academic report by Dr Alberto Maria Pollastrini; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10988-181280.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature Cf. a wooden hippopotamus figurine found at Abu Rawash in the funerary temple of Djedefre, king of the 4th Dynasty, and now preserved in Cairo Museum (JdE 35140) (Behrmann, 1989, Dok. 65; Posener-Krieger, 1991, pp. 297-298; Roche 2014, p. 84); see Behrmann, A., Das Nilpferd in der Vorstellungswelt der Alten Ägypter. Teil I, Katalog, Frankfurt am Main – Berlin – Paris, 1989; Lacovara, P., 'A New Date for an Old Hippopotamus', Journal of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 4, 1992; Posener-Krieger, P., 'Quelques pièces du matériel cultuel du temple funéraire de Rêneferef', MDAK 47, 1991; Roche, A., 'Et le roi tua l'hippopotame. Enquête sur les origines d'un rite égyptien', Archimède : archéologie et histoire ancienne 1, 2014. Footnotes In Egyptian mythology, the hippopotamus is an animal full of metaphoric meanings: on one hand, this large semiaquatic mammal is an agent of resurrection, representing the sun rising from the primordial waters; on the other, when associated with the benevolent goddesses Taweret and Hedjet, it becomes a symbol of fecundity and birth. Such figurines in wood are rare.

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PHOENICIAN SCARABOID SCORPION SEAL 8th-7th century BC A carved black serpentine scaraboid seal with scarab beetle carapace carved in high-relief, incuse scorpion to base; pierced for suspension. 3.02 grams, 16mm (¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 30

Provenance Ex SM collection, London, UK; 1970-1999; accompanied by an old illustrated cataloguing slip. Footnotes The scorpion was a symbol of Astarte, the goddess of love.

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PHOENICIAN GOLD RING WITH SCARAB 7th-6th century BC A gold finger ring with D-shaped hoop supporting a rock crystal scarab with hatched border to the lower face, intaglio nude male reclining with legs raised, drinking from a broad bowl. 6.88 grams, 28.77mm overall, 24.76mm internal diameter (approximate size British M½, USA 6¼, Europe 13.09, Japan 12) (1"). Fine condition. A large wearable size. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,960 - 4,140 USD 3,430 - 4,800

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Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired in the 1970s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11020-181622. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, items 34, 39, for type.

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PHOENICIAN SCARABOID RING WITH SCORPIONS AND IBEX 6th-4th century BC A gold ring with tapering round-section hoop with faux twisted wire design, carnelian swivel scaraboid with intaglio design composed of scorpions and ibex bordering a central rectangular panel with X-motif, a single letter in each quadrant 'N E A H'. 4.89 grams, 24.90mm overall, 20.90 x 12.47mm internal diameter (approximate size British H, USA 3¾, Europe 6.18, Japan 6) (1"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120

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Provenance From a deceased Japanese collector, 1970-2015; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11029-181788. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number 133320, for comparable items.

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PHOENICIAN SILVER FACE MASK 6th-4th century BC A sheet-silver face mask modelled in the half-round with sloping lentoid eyes beneath slender brows, a short angular nose, mouth closed in a slight grin, fleshy cheeks and chin, the features formed using repoussé technique; attachment rivets positioned at various points on the face. 63 grams, 13.6cm (5¼"). Fair condition, slightly misshapen. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10905-179745. Literature Cf. Moscati, S., I Fenici, Milano, 1988, p.124, for similar funerary mask in gold, see also pp.354ff., for discussion.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Greek Also see lots 562 - 624

Lots 34 - 62 29


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GREEK MARBLE HEAD OF APHRODITE 4th century BC A carved marble frieze fragment depicting the head of Aphrodite or a muse modelled in the half-round with detailed locks, multi-strand band (sphendone) to the brow and securing cap to the rear holding the chignon; mounted on a custom-made stand. 2.7 kg total, 23.5cm including stand (9¼"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance Property of an East Sussex gentleman; acquired from the private collection of John Watson, Cambridge, UK, who worked for the Anthropology and Archaeology Museum, Downing Street, Cambridge; collected between the 1970s and 1980s; accompanied by scholarly note TL05400 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11005181677. Literature Cf. female bust in the British Museum with similar treatment of the hair, accession number 1873,0820.740.

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HELLENISTIC MARBLE HEAD OF TEMIS 2nd-1st century BC A marble head modelled in the round as that of the goddess Temis or Ceres, with semi-naturalistic detailing to the dressed hair and face, with almond-shaped eyes, full lips and fleshy chin. 275 grams, 70mm (2¾"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,920 - 8,280 USD 6,860 - 9,610 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; previously acquired on the German art market c.1997; accompanied by a geological scholarly report no.TL05407 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11014181109. Literature Aurenhammer, M., Sculpture in Roman Asia Minor, Proceedings of the International Conference at Selçuk,1st–3rd October 2013, Wien, 2018, p.440, fig.3. Footnotes Probably a votive statuette, of which only the head remains; it may also have been part of a high relief made in the style of Asia Minor sculptures. The hair is arranged into an elaborate hairstyle with a band (taenia) on the forehead and a series of hair ribbons, which help to date it to the late Hellenistic Age, possibly produced at a Greek workshop in Roman Greece. The right side of the face shows marble inclusions and encrustations.

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HELLENISTIC ALABASTER DISH 2nd century BC A carved shallow alabaster dish or patera with flat rim and raised concentric bands to the outer face and base; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 1.1 kg total, 22cm including stand (8½"). Fair condition, chipped. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a Brussels gallery; previously in the Gracieuse Orion collection, Montreuil, France. Literature Cf. Karetsou, A. et al., Crete-Egypt, Cultural Ties of Three Millennia, Catalogue, Cairo, Hellenic Ministry of Culture, 2000, p.415, for similar.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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ETRUSCAN PAINTED TERRACOTTA VESSEL WITH ANIMALS

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GREEK PAINTED AMPHORISKOS

c.7th century BC

13th-11th century BC

A terracotta vessel with bulbous body, broad c-section neck, rolled rim, two integral round-section loop handles, cylindrical stem and splayed foot, painted with a frieze of fantastical quadrupeds with birds' beaks, dots above, chevrons below, series of slender concentric bands, frieze of large birds surrounded by flying insects, waves to the foot. 1 kg, 23cm (9"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100

A late Helladic IIIC terracotta amphoriskos with bulbous body, broad neck, flared rim, discoid foot and two D-shaped handles, painted with circumferential bands, dashes and dots. 142 grams, 10.1cm (4"). Fair condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

Provenance Ex UK collection, acquired in Chichester, UK, 1980s-1990s.

Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection; previously acquired in Munich, Germany, between 1992 and 1996.

Literature See Martelli, M., La ceramica degli Etruschi, Novara, 2000, pp.251-2, no.21.

Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum numbers 1920,0511.1 and 1870,1008.108, for similar.

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DAUNIAN FUNNEL KRATER

GREEK APULIAN STEMMED PLATE WITH LADY OF FASHION

6th century BC

4th century BC

A large ceramic Greek funnel krater with deep funnelled rim, carinated body with four loop handles, decorated with circumferential polychrome geometric panels, bands and vines to the outer face, swags to the funnel interior. 2.4 kg, 26cm (10¼"). Fine condition, repaired. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960

A terracotta plate with shallow body, deep rim, waisted stem and foot with deep angled rim, decorated with an image of a lady of fashion and circumferential bands. 242 grams, 14cm (5½"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex UK collection; acquired in Chichester, UK; 1980s-1990s.

Provenance Property of a London gallery; formerly in a private UK collection; acquired in Belgium and France in the 1980s and early 1990s. Literature See The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 1970.11.11, for similar.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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EASTERN GREEK IONIAN PAINTED PLATE 6th-5th century BC A Doric ceramic plate with shallow profile, the upper face painted with concentric circumferential bands of stylised leaves expressed as dashed lines between plain borders, bands with no infill and with solid fill. 79 grams, 13.1cm (5¼"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £200 - 300 EUR 240 - 350 USD 270 - 410 Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection; previously acquired in Munich, Germany, between 1992 and 1996.

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Literature See fragment of a sherd of Doric Greek pottery with the same zig-zag lines in Paspalas, A.S., 'The Non-figured Wares from the Anglo-Turkish Excavations at Old Smyrna' in Villing, A., Schlotzhauer, U., Naukratis, Greek Diversity in Egypt, Studies on East Greek Pottery and Exchange in the Eastern Mediterranean, London, 2006, pp.93-104, fig.4, no.6. Footnotes Plates with flat rims of Ionian production present simple decorative schemes with parallels elsewhere in North Ionia and Aiolis. Their decorative schemes include interlocking S rim patterns, groups of bars, hatched triangles and groups of petals.

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ETRUSCAN TERRACOTTA PROTOME HEAD 6th-4th century BC A terracotta protome head showing a facing female in relief with seminaturalistic detailing to the curly hair, straight nose, full lips and fleshy chin. 1.8 kg, 26.5cm (10½"). Fine condition, part absent. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820

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Provenance Ex Lincolnshire, UK, collection, 1990s.

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GREEK ITALIC TERRACOTTA FIGURE OF A LADY 3rd-2nd century BC A terracotta figure modelled in the half-round as a standing female, robed in high-belted chiton, her hair piled on the top of the head and held in a chignon above the nape, wearing discoid earrings and neck ornamentation, semi-naturalistic detailing to her face and texture to the hair and clothing; hollow reverse; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 198 grams total, 17cm including stand (6¾"). Fine condition. £250 - 350 EUR 300 - 410 USD 340 - 480 Provenance Property of an East Sussex, UK, teacher; previously in a French collection formed in the 1960s. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 74.51.1513, for a similar head and hair style. Footnotes The melon coiffure of this statuette shows hair divided into numerous smaller segments drawn to the back. The coiffure on this head is accurately rendered. To the top of the head a diadem with a Hercules knot or box motif.

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HELLENISTIC IBEX-HEADED RHYTON 2nd-1st century BC A ceramic rhyton formed with an elongated conical body curved back on itself at the base to form the neck of an ibex, with horns, detailed eyes, ears and muzzle. 444 grams, 26cm (10¼"). Fair condition, rim chipped. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired in the 1970s.

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32

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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GRAECO-PARTHIAN BATILLUM WITH BANQUETEER HOLDING SKYPHOS AND RHYTON 3rd-1st century BC A bronze batillum with a male figure enjoying a symposion or a festive celebration, reclining on a couch with feasting tableware; the figure bearded, sporting massive earrings and a wreath of laurel leaves to the brow, bare-chested and with a pleated mantle covering the legs, one leg raised; right arm elevated and holding a ram's head rhyton, left arm supporting his weight, holding a skyphos beneath the chin on two extended fingers; elbow resting on a ball cushion attached to the rim of an open rectangular scoop with its base supported on stub feet and one baluster remaining to one end. 1.6 kg, 25cm (10"). Fine condition. Rare. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,830 - 16,570 USD 13,730 - 19,220 Provenance Property of a central London gallery; previously with Cahn Auktionen AG, Basle, Switzerland, 13 November 2015, lot 84 (CHF 18,000); acquired on the North American art market 1990s; formerly in a New York private collection

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

formed 1960s; accompanied by an archaeological expertise by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; and copies of the relevant Cahn Auktionen catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10877-180798. Literature See the Getty Museum, accession number 96.AC.255, for a 3rd century BC batillum decorated with a banqueteer; see also Hanfmann, G.M.A, Detweiler, A.H., ‘Report on the first Campaign on Sardis’ in Türk Arkeoloji Dergisi, Sayi: IX-1, Ankara, 1959, pp.14-19; Garnsey, P., Food and Society in Classical Antiquity, Cambridge, 1999, for discussion on Greek and Roman feasting customs. Footnotes The Greek ' μπ ' 'symposion' was the later part of a formal banquet which took place after the food had been consumed, when the serving of strong drink was accompanied by music, dancing, poetic composition or recital or earnest conversation. The custom has similarities with the Roman convivium and with the customs of many Mediterranean and Western Asiatic people. The Parthian Empire was culturally diverse and included many Hellenic groups; the Arsacid court adopted a range of aspects of contemporary Greek culture, among them Greek military structures and the Greek language as a lingua franca alongside the Parthian (Iranian) language and Aramaic.

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ETRUSCAN PATERA WITH SUTHINA INSCRIPTION Late 4th century BC A large bronze patera with squat, D-section wall, broad rim, collared handle embellished with a palmette plaque below; the internal base with inscription 'SUTHINA' for 'for the tomb' in Archaic Greek lettering. 1.3 kg, 35cm (13¾"). Fine condition. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,830 - 16,570 USD 13,730 - 19,220 Provenance From an important London W1, collection; formerly with Christie's London, 6 December 2016, lot 37; previously acquired from Ken-ichi Kanazawa, Tokyo, 1990; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10946-181281.

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Literature See the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, accession nos. 03.23.4.5.813, 03.23.29-37 and 03.24.4.9, for similar; cf. Torelli, M., Gli Etruschi, Cinisello Balsamo, 2000, pp.399ff., 539; see De Puma, R., ‘A Third-Century B.C.E. Etruscan Tomb Group from Bolsena in the Metropolitan Museum of Art’ in American Journal of Archaeology, Vol.112, No.3, (July 2008), pp.429-440, for vessels and bronzes with similar inscription; see Wallace, R.E., Zikh Rasna, A Manual of the Etruscan Language and Inscriptions, New York, 2008, for the Etruscan dictionary. Footnotes Interesting studies of uthina inscriptions have been carried out by eminent scholars and Etruscologists such as Fontaine and Pandolfini. The word, according to the prevailing interpretation, consists of the noun uthi (tomb) and the possessive adjectival suffix na, usually translated ‘for the tomb’ or ‘belonging to the tomb’. The presence of the inscription on this vessel, as on other items intended to be deposited as grave goods, signified that the items were not intended to be used again by the living, but instead for use by the dead in the otherworld. In 1995, Fontaine counted no less than 119 metal objects with uthina inscriptions, with additional examples identified by De Puma in 2008. The patera was a very common feature in Etruscan tombs. The back was rarely decorated, since it was designed to stand against a wall.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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48

49

50

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49

ETRUSCAN KITCHEN UTENSIL WITH ANIMAL HEAD FINIAL

GREEK LOTUS PHIALE

c.5th century BC

5th-3rd century BC

A bronze spoon, ladle or other utensil composed of deep u-section bowl, lipped circular rim, tapering neck, collared stem and curved finial modelled as a stylised animal head, incised chevrons and other geometric detailing to the upper face. 180 grams, 23.5cm (9¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820

A sheet-bronze bowl with deep flared rim, squat body and lotus flower design to base; central shallow omphalos. 225 grams, 16cm (6¼"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960

Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1980-2015. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 22.139.17, for a utensil of similar style, identified as a strainer; cf. The Getty Museum, object number 80.AC.33.3, for similar with bowl missing.

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GREEK GEOMETRIC PECTORAL WITH HOOKED ENDS 10th-8th century BC A bronze pectoral with sub-triangular body, cuboidal collars with dotin-ring motif and tapering square-section hooks, the body with a border of tall triangles with hatched fill, mirrored with a plain line between, central dot-in-ring motif, radiating triangles around, a series of dot-in-ring motifs in the field. 140 grams, 30.5cm (12"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection; previously acquired in Munich, Germany, between 1992 and 1996.

Provenance Property of a London gallery; ex Parthenon Gallery; 1990s UK collection.

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THRACIAN SILVER 'LOTUS' BOWL 4th-3rd century BC A sheet-silver bowl with squat, D-section body, deep flared neck with curved lip, repoussé gadrooning around the body representing lotus petals, large central omphalos bordered by a series of concentric geometric rings with dashed, pellet, chevron and faux-ropework motifs. 135 grams, 16cm (6¼"). Fair condition, several small damaged areas. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10954-179088. Literature Cf. The Rogozen Treasure Publishing House of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, p.160, no.79.

Literature Cf. examples from Axiokastron, in the Kozani Museum, illustrated in Bouzek, J., 'Graeco-Macedonian Bronzes, Prague, 1974, fig.28.1 and 4, pp.92 and 9697.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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51

51

PARTHIAN SILVER FOOTED BOWL 1st century BC-1st century AD A heavy silver bowl with tapering body, subtly everted rim and basal foot, raised, slender gadrooning around the lower half of the body, creating a step to the plain neck, concentric rings to the internal face. 587 grams, 19cm (7½"). Fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 7,100 - 9,470 USD 8,240 - 10,980

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Provenance From an important London collection; acquired on the UK art market 19711974; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10897-180800. Literature Cf. The Brooklyn Museum, accession number 54.50.37, for similar.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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52

GREEK AQUA GLASS BOWL Mid 2nd–early 1st century BC A hemispherical aqua glass bowl with two incised bands below the rim on the outer face. 247 grams, 16cm (6¼"). Very fine condition. £7,000 - 9,000 EUR 8,280 - 10,650 USD 9,610 - 12,360

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From an important London W1, collection; acquired in the 1970s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10991-181285. Literature Cf. similar bowl in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York accession no.81.10.36.

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53

53

54

HELLENISTIC CORE-FORMED GLASS AMPHORISKOS

GREEK CORE-FORMED GLASS AMPHORISKOS

2nd-1st century BC

6th-4th century BC

A core-formed glass amphoriskos with piriform body, cylindrical neck, trumpet-style mouth, applied ribbed handles and bulbous foot, white trails around neck and base, trails to the body tooled into a close-set festoon pattern with upwards strokes. 121 grams, 13.5cm (5¼"). Fine condition. £3,500 - 4,500 EUR 4,140 - 5,320 USD 4,800 - 6,180

A core-formed glass amphoriskos with marvered piriform body with coloured ring to the lip, deep shoulder, cylindrical neck with trumpetstyle rim, two applied handles and an applied discoid foot; iridescent surfaces. 98 grams, 13cm (5¼"). Fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,960 - 4,140 USD 3,430 - 4,800

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; previously in the collection of Mrs Petra Schamelman, Breitenbach, Germany; acquired from the collection of Fernand Adda, formed in the 1920s-1930s. The Adda family, originally from Alexandria, formed the majority of their collection in the 1920s-1930s. Abraham Adda (b. circa 1855) had three sons, Victor (b. circa 1885-1965) a collector of coins, Iznik and ancient Egyptian objects; Fernand, a collector of Iznik ceramics, and Joseph. The collection has been situated in Europe since before the Second World War; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10908-181105. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 91.1.1240 and 17.194.597, for similar; cf. The Corning Museum of Glass, accession number 72.1.99, for similar.

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54

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; previously in the collection of Mrs Petra Schamelman, Breitenbach, Germany; acquired from the collection of Fernand Adda, formed in the 1920s-1930s. The Adda family, originally from Alexandria, formed the majority of their collection in the 1920s-1930s. Abraham Adda (b. circa 1855) had three sons, Victor (b. circa 1885-1965) a collector of coins, Iznik and ancient Egyptian objects; Fernand, a collector of Iznik ceramics, and Joseph. The collection has been situated in Europe since before the Second World War; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10978-181106. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 91.1.1263 and 17.194.792, for similar; cf. The Corning Museum of Glass, accession number 69.1.26, for similar.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


55

GREEK CORE-FORMED GLASS ALABASTRON c.6th-5th century BC A core-formed blue glass alabastron with tapering capsule-shaped body decorated with a circumferential trail spiralling anti-clockwise from the base, cylindrical neck and everted rim, applied handles; lustrous surfaces. 65 grams, 12.5cm (5"). Fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,960 - 4,140 USD 3,430 - 4,800 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; previously in the collection of Mrs Petra Schamelman, Breitenbach, Germany; acquired from the collection of Fernand Adda, formed in the 1920s-1930s. The Adda family, originally from Alexandria, formed the majority of their collection in the 1920s-1930s. Abraham Adda (b. circa 1855) had three sons, Victor (b. circa 1885-1965) a collector of coins, Iznik and ancient Egyptian objects; Fernand, a collector of Iznik ceramics, and Joseph. The collection has been situated in Europe since before the Second World War; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10979-181116.

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Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 17.194.787 and 17.194.756, for similar.

56

PARTHIAN AMETHYST AND GOLD BEADED NECKLACE 5th century BC-3rd century AD A necklace composed of gold pomegranate beads, central gold bead with hatched cuboid body with bulbous terminals, capsule-shaped sheet-gold beads, amethyst and glass oblate beads; modern hookand-eye clasp. 33.84 grams, 52.5cm (20¾"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance From a deceased Japanese collector, 1970-2015; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11028-181768. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 74.51.3396, for loosely comparable Greek gold pomegranate beads, dated 5th century BC; X.94, for comparable Parthian pomegranate beads dated 1st-2nd century AD.

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GREEK JEWELLED GOLD PENDANT NECKLACE c.5th-4th century BC A restrung necklace composed of carinated carnelian beads interspersed with sheet-gold beads of plain and granulated types, two tapering round-section beads with collars and domed finials, a central gold polygonal pendant with eight concave sides, polished oval garnet cabochon at the centre, granulated collar around base, raised tearshaped cell to each corner also with granulated border, alternately set with enamel and garnet cabochons, a single applied bead between each; modern hook-and-eye clasp. 39.18 grams, 52cm (20½"). Fine condition, repair to central cell. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10901-179775. Literature Cf. Despini, A., Greek Art Ancient Gold Jewellery, Greece, 1996, p.136, item 121, for similar granulated gold beads; p.140, item 126, for similar collared gold beads.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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60

58

59

61

62

58

60

GREEK GOLD AND ENAMEL EARRINGS WITH BIRDS AND FLOWERS

ARCHAIC GREEK GOLD AMULET IN THE FORM OF AN INSECT c.7th century BC

4th-2nd century BC A matched pair of gold earrings, each composed of a discoid body with applied gold wire border framing a filigree flower with two layers of radiating petals, wire coils between and central pellet, five dangles below with floral boss and gold chain, two with a hollow piriform dangle, two with a piriform cell with beaded border and enamelled centre, the central dangle with a bird modelled in the round, ornate trefoil tail, granules to the body, outlining the wings and eyes, perching on a squat globe with medial granules; tapering ear hook to reverse of disc. 10.68 grams total, 40mm each (1½"). Fine condition. [2] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance From a West country collection, UK, pre 1970s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10967-180724. Literature Cf. Ogden, J. et al., Greek Gold Jewellery Of The Classical World, New York, 1994, p.69 and p.172, for similar elements; cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 25.78.41 and 1995.539.9a, b, for similar birds; cf. Despini, A.D., Ancient Gold Jewellery, Athens, 1996, p.123-125, for similar earrings with birds; cf. The British Museum, museum number 1867,0508.467, item 16 and 1884,0614.5, for similar.

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HELLENISTIC GOLD EARRINGS WITH CARNELIAN BEAD DROPS 3rd-2nd century BC A pair of gold earrings, each composed of an oval hoop, openwork chain and 'spherical' dangle comprising two hemispherical sheet-gold sleeves encasing a sub-spherical carnelian bead, the upper sheet ornamented with a band of applied gold scrolls. 2.62 grams total, 4144mm (1½ - 1¾"). Fine condition. [2] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s. Literature Cf. Despini, A., Greek Art Ancient Gold Jewellery, Greece, 1996, p.75, item 33 and p.79, for similar.

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A gold amulet in the form of an insect with spiked bulbous body, scrolled antennae and shallow domed eyes; suspension loop. 3.36 grams, 17mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Ex important Japanese collection of jewellery, 1970s-2010.

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GREEK GOLD DOUBLE BEZEL RING WITH GEMSTONES AND HERCULES KNOTS 5th-3rd century BC A gold ring with double D-section hoop, expanding at the shoulder to a double bezel with openwork seams, each ornamented with a raised oval cell set with a polished conical garnet cabochon, filigree border and pellets flanked by a Hercules knot. 11.75 grams, 24.60mm overall, 18.90mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (1"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Ex collection of a Surrey, UK, gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously on the European art market before 2000; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11025-181467.

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ETRUSCAN GOLD WEDDING RING 6th-5th century BC A gold ring composed of a D-section annular hoop ornamented with a medial band of plaited gold wire, a single band of granules above and below. 5.77 grams, 24.92mm overall, 18.58mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q½, USA 8¼, Europe 18.12, Japan 17) (1"). Very fine condition, repaired. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Ex important Japanese collection of jewellery, 1970s-2010. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1872,0604.25, for a similar hoop.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Roman & Byzantine Also see lots 625 - 860

Lots 63 - 132 41


63

63

ROMAN JUPITER STATUETTE WITH SILVER EYES 1st century AD A bronze statuette of Jupiter depicting Zeus Brontaios, the Thunderer, modelled in the round after a statuette by Greek sculptor Leochares (mid 4th century BC); the god standing nude with his weight on his right leg, right arm lowered and left arm raised, originally holding a thunderbolt, now absent; the expressive face framed by curled hair and beard, the eyes inlaid with silver and hair tied back with a laurel crown; well-defined muscular torso and legs; mounted on a custommade display base. 497 grams total, 18cm including stand (7"). Very fine condition. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 17,750 - 23,670 USD 20,590 - 27,460 Provenance Ex Sussex private collection; acquired from Gorny & Mosch, Munich, Germany, 17 December 2014; formerly acquired on the Bavarian art market in the 1990s; accompanied by a copy of the Gorny & Mosch invoice and catalogue pages,

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and an Art Loss Register certificate number 7944.CV dated 15 December 2014; accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10894-181240. Literature See Leventi, 'Zeus' in LIMC, no.195a and Leventi and Machaira, 'Zeus' in LIMC, nos.243-244; Kaufmann-Heinimann, A., Die römischen Bronzen der Schweiz I, Augst, 1977, no.17; Christie's, Antiquities, New York, 4 June 2008, lot 255; cf. also The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 22.139.37 and 1997.159, for Jupiter figures in a similar style. Footnotes The statue of Leochares was brought to Rome during the reign of Emperor Augustus, where it was seen and described by Pliny the Elder, who called it Juppiter Tonans. Augustus dedicated a temple on the Capitoline Hill to this divinity, which served as the prototype for many more such statuettes. In all probability, this Roman copy was produced during the Principate of the same Augustus, or that of Hadrian or Antoninus Pius, when the taste for the Hellenic statue models reached its peak.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


64

64

LARGE ROMAN STATUETTE OF GODDESS VENUS 2nd-3rd century AD A substantial bronze figure of Venus Anadyomene (Venus rising from the sea), standing nude, holding one of her braids with her right hand, the raised arm possibly originally held a mirror, curly hair gathered in a chignon at the nape of her neck. 730 grams, 18cm (7"). Very fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 7,100 - 9,470 USD 8,240 - 10,980 Provenance From the collection of a Kensington gentleman; previously in the Weber collection, 1980s; accompanied by an archaeological expertise by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato and a positive metal test from an Oxford specialist; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10750-177411. Literature See for the type Reinach, S., Repertoire de la statuarie grecque et romaine, Paris, 1930, pp.175-177; Espérandieu, H. et Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques de la Seine Maritime, XIIIe Supplement a Gallia, Paris, 1959; cf. similar bronze

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

statuettes in Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques De Haute Provence, Paris, 1965, items 78-79; Akerraz, A., Touri, A., Habibi, M., Boube-Piccot, C., Il Marocco e Roma, i grandi bronzi del museo di Rabat, Roma, 1992, figs.23-24, in the archaeological museum of Rabat, inv.89.12.3 and inv.vol.145; a similar statuette, dated to 2nd-3rd century AD, was in the Razgrad Museum, in Bulgaria until 1996; another similar example with same date was preserved at Timisoara museum, Romania; a more recent excavated example of 3rd century AD was found in Karanis, Egypt, by the University of Michigan, see Hutchinson, V., in Gazda, E., Guardians of the Nile: sculptures from Karanis in the Fayoum, exhibition catalogue, Kelsey, 1978, no.48, p.40. Footnotes The iconography of Venus Anadyomene was one of the most commonly used images of the goddess in classical sculpture, and was still popular during the late Roman Empire. The best example of this is the Louvre Venus Anadyomene (Ma 3537) of the 4th century AD, found in the 19th century at Saint George de la Montagne near Bordeaux, inside a rich aristocratic house and coming from Aphrodisias, ancient place of statuary production for export. Another important ancient example is the Venus Anadyomene of the Rouen Museum (Espérandieu et Rolland, 1959, no.38). The goddess of love and beauty was represented drying herself after being born, fully-grown, from the sea. In Greece, the birth of the goddess was thought to have taken place off the coast of Cyprus. This kind of composition could also be interpreted as Aphrodite emerging from her bath. Such sculptures were popular in gardens as part of water features, but small statuettes were also used as domestic lares.

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LARGE ROMAN STATUETTE OF GODDESS CERES 2nd-3rd century AD A bronze statuette of Ceres (Greek Demeter), the goddess of agriculture and fertility, depicted standing and wearing a long sleeveless Ionic chiton with himation around the head, fastened on the left side of the body; wearing a tutulus on her head, the right arm raised to hold a staff, the left arm covered by a mantle, the left hand probably originally held a sheaf of wheat, sandalled feet partially visible; finely modelled face; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 535 grams total, 20cm including stand (8"). Fine condition. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,830 - 16,570 USD 13,730 - 19,220 Provenance From the collection of a Kensington gentleman; previously in the Weber collection, 1980s; accompanied by an academic report by Dr Raffaele D’Amato and a positive metal test from an Oxford specialist; this lot has been

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checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10743-177409. Literature See Daremberg & Saglio, Dictionnaire des Antiquités Grecques et Romaines, Paris, 1873-1917, sub voce Ceres; see for a similar Roman statuette Reinach, S., Repertoire de la statuarie grecque et romaine, Paris, 1930, p.242, no.7, 243 no.1; for discussion on the use of such statues as Lares see Sharpe, H.F., ‘Bronze Statuettes from the Athenian Agora: Evidence for Domestic Cults in Roman Greece,’ in Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Vol. 83, no.1, January-March 2014, pp.143-187. Footnotes The Roman household shrine, or lararium, receives its name from the lares, the guardian spirits of the house and household, who were frequently displayed in the shrine as paintings or sculptures, in every part of the Empire. Studies of bronze statuettes found in Roman provinces have shown how regional variations of lararia figures reflected the mixed religious beliefs of the inhabitants. Domestic shrines with cult imagery comprising similar small statuettes have been found on the island of Kos, inside Roman-era age houses, where groups of statuettes included Aphrodite, Eros, Athena, Asklepios, Tyche, and Cybele.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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67

66

ROMAN FIGURE OF JUPITER HOLDING AN EAGLE 1st century BC-1st century AD A bronze figure of Jupiter standing nude with thunderbolt in his right hand and eagle perched on his raised left hand; re-attached to a separate socle base. 98 grams total, 10.8cm including stand (4¼"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance Ex collection of a Surrey, UK, gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously on the European art market before 2000.

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ROMAN APOLLO FIGURINE 1st-2nd century AD A bronze figure of Apollo standing nude with hair cut in the Julian style, toga draped over the left shoulder and upper arm with decorated plate brooch at the shoulder; right hand hollow to accept a handle or sceptre, left hand with fragment of a scroll(?). 235 grams, 11.6cm (4½"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Ex collection of a Surrey, UK, gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously on the European art market before 2000. Literature Cf. Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques de Haute Provence, Paris, 1965, item 18, for type.

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ROMAN JUPITER DOLICHENUS FIGURINE 2nd-3rd century AD A bronze figurine of Jupiter Dolichenus standing wearing lorica segementata armour over a knee-length tunic, conical cap, right arm raised to hurl a thunderbolt. 93 grams, 79mm (3"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Ex collection of a Surrey, UK, gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously on the European art market before 2000.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

68

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70

69

70

ROMAN BUST OF YOUNG COMMODUS

ROMAN BUST OF SOCRATES

Late 2nd century AD

1st-2nd century AD

A draped bronze bust, possibly depicting young Commodus (176-192 AD), hollow-formed and fitted with a lower insertion pin; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 39 grams total, 63mm including stand (2½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750

A bronze hollow bust of the philosopher Socrates, with fastening nail on the back and rectangular recess on the rear of the head, long beard covering the chin and upper part of the bare breast, receding hairline and furrowed brow; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 189 grams total, 10.5cm including stand (4"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120

Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970. Literature See for a similar imperial bust of the Marcus Aurelius family from Pannonia in Beutler, F., Farka, C., Gugl, C., Humer, F., Kremer, G., Polhammer, E. (ed.), Der Adler Roms, Carnuntum und die Armee der Caesaren, Bad Voslau, 2017, p.169, item 20. Footnotes The small bust was probably part of a decoration for a bronze plate, or from an item of furniture on which all the busts of the Imperial family were possibly inserted.

Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10872-179114. Literature See for parallels of the various portraits of Socrates Catoni, M.L. & Giuliani, L., 'Socrates Represented: Why Does He Look Like a Satyr?' in The University of Chicago Press Journal, Chicago, 2019, pp.681-713, especially fig.8, p.696; Paul Getty Museum, Small Bronze Sculptures from the Ancient World, Malibu, 1990, for discussion on the small bronzes in Ancient World. Footnotes Such busts were used as furniture ornaments. They were cast with a flat back for attachment as an ornament onto an item of furniture, such as a wooden chest for storing fabrics or valuables (see Paul Getty Museum, 1990, p.220). The image of Socrates was very popular in the ancient world. A bronze statue of the seated philosopher was made by Lysippos in the 4th century BC, probably several decades after Socrates' death in 399 BC. Diogenes Laertius (Lives of the Philosophers, II.5.43) writes in the 3rd century AD that Lysippos' Socrates was erected in the Pompeion at Athens.

46

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LARGE ROMAN CHARIOT APPLIQUÉ PAIR WITH MALE BUSTS 2nd century AD A pair of bronze chariot appliqués, each with a bust formed separately and mounted at the centre, each comprising a discoid body with domed inner ring decorated with concentric circles, busts modelled in the round presenting nude male figures, hollow from the neck down at the reverse, with semi-naturalistic detailing to the torsos, nipples, almond-shaped eyes, brows, noses, mouths and fleshy chins, hair arranged into short waves, rectangular slot to the back of each head for attachment; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 1 kg total, 13.6-14cm (21cm each including stand) (5¼ - 5¼ (8¼)"). Fine condition. [2, No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920

elements for litters used to carry the wealthy through the streets. Similar fittings have been found at Pompeii and Rome associated with couches and beds. Another theory for their use is as fittings for biers or carts used in religious processions. There are reliefs and paintings from across the Empire that show such processions. On the chariots these imagines clipeatae were fixed through a long pin attached to their back (Gudea, 1996, fig.41, no.2).

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ROMAN SILVER BACCHUS APPLIQUÉ PAIR 1st century BC-1st century AD A matched pair of silver fittings, each a discoid plaque with head of Bacchus modelled in three-quarter view, with vine-leaves and other foliage surrounding the fleshy face; two attachment holes to the rim. 118 grams total, 53-56mm (2 - 2¼"). Fine condition. [2] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920

Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970.

Provenance Ex collection of a Surrey, UK, gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously on the European art market before 2000.

Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1854,0717.53, for a comparable chariot fitting, dated c.1st century AD; s. also Gudea, N., Porolissum. Un complex arheologic daco-roman la marginea de nord a Imperiului roman. II. Vama romana (monografie arheologica). Contributii la cunoasterea sistemului vamal din provinciile dacice Cluj-Napoca, 1996, p.180; Palagyi, T., Facsady, A., Romains de Hongrie, Lyon, 2002, nos.83-84.

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Footnotes Grave finds of various types, be they travelling carriages, chariots, two or four wheeled wagons, include remains of wood, structural parts such as wheels, as well as metal parts of joins, wagon fittings and harnesses. Fittings such as these are often termed chariot fittings, but they could also be decorative

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

ROMAN BULL FIGURINE 1st-3rd century AD A bronze bull figure modelled standing in the round, its head raised, with semi-naturalistic anatomical detailing. 170 grams, 74mm (3"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750 Provenance Ex collection of a Surrey, UK, gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously on the European art market before 2000.

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ROMAN GLAZED TERRACOTTA VASE WITH BUST OF SILENUS 1st century BC-1st century AD A substantial Roman Imperial or Hellenistic lead-glazed terracotta plastic vase formed as a bust of Silenus with a pallium mantle draped over his right shoulder and head, left hand emerging from the folds of cloth, bearded head offset to one side with flowers and vine-leaves in the hair; eyebrows, eyes, lips and hem of the robe picked out in contrasting colours; tall stem above the head and ribbed strap handle to the rear terminating in grapes. 987 grams, 28cm (11"). Very fine condition, stem and handle restored. £40,000 - 60,000 EUR 47,330 - 71,000 USD 54,910 - 82,370

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Provenance From an important London W1, collection; previously with Sotheby's, New York, 12 June 2003, lot 52; formerly in an old European collection formed in 1980s; accompanied by a copy of the relevant Sotheby's catalogue catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10937-181278. Literature A similar pot signed by Lykinnios, in lead-glazed terracotta and representing the face of Dionysos is preserved in the Getty Museum, inv. no. 83.AE.40; for the production workshops see Hasselin Rous, I., 'Des ateliers des céramiques et de figurines glaçurées à Smyrne?', in D'Izimir à Smyrne, catalogue d'exposition, Paris, 2009, pp.192-199.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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LARGE ROMAN REDWARE JUG 4th century AD A terracotta jug with piriform body, waisted neck, funnel-shaped neck, integral strap handle, shallow plinth foot. 1 kg, 30cm (11¾"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Ex Coincraft, London, UK; previously in a 1990s collection.

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ROMAN TERRACOTTA LAMP FRAGMENT WITH VICTORY QUADRIGA IN CIRCUS MAXIMUS 4th century AD A clay lamp fragment with red slip, depicting a victorious quadriga in a hippodrome, the Auriga standing on the chariot and holding the crown of victory, depicted helmetted with a kamelaukion, the body girdled with aurigarion; obelisk and structures of the circus in the background. 10.1 grams, 59mm (2¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970. Literature For a detailed representation of the costume of the Auriga see Mordtmann, A., 'Das Denkmal des Porphyrius', in Mittheilungen des deutschen archäologischen Institutes in Athen, vol. V, Athens, 1880, pp.295-308; Vasiliev, A.A., 'The monument of Porphyrius in the hippodrome at Constantinople' in Dumbarton Oaks Papers Vol. 4, (1948), pp.27-49.

76 Footnotes The extraordinary importance of this piece is in the representation of the hippodrome, with an Egyptian obelisk that is usually only associated with the Circus Maximus in Rome or the Hippodrome of Constantinople. The detailed representation of the Auriga shows the attributes of his work: he wears a closefitting undershirt with sleeves ( μ i ) and an ornamented sleeveless tunic over it, leaving the knees exposed as is typical for charioteers (

). This tunic was bound around the waist with a fascia (band, girdle), and was divided at the centre of the chest by a vertical line. Over the tunic, around his waist, a broad belt ( ) is visible, with an elaborate fastening, formed by a cord laced crosswise through six rings and pulled tight.

50

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ROMAN FORTIS FACTORY LAMP WITH ACTOR'S MASK 1st-2nd century AD A terracotta oil lamp with tapering body, discus bearing an actor's mask in low-relief flanked by two filling holes, D-shaped nozzle, deep border to body, two triangular lugs to the shoulders, basal rings with 'FORTIS' at centre, pellet in circle beneath. 98 grams, 10.5cm (4"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Ex property of a deceased gentleman in the 1980s, by descent.

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Footnotes The 'Fortis' lamp factory was sited in modern Modena, Italy, and its products were used up to the end of the 2nd century AD.

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ROMAN REDWARE OIL LAMP WITH MOULD 4th-6th century AD A redware lamp with squat D-section body, D-shaped nozzle, two filling holes to the discus, raised column design between, concentric circles and quartered square motifs bordering, basal ring; together with a gypsum lamp mould of the same type. 780 grams total, 16cm (6¼"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From the collection of a deceased gentleman, Preston, Lancashire; acquired from central London ADA members gallery before 2000. Literature Cf. Dark, K., Byzantine Pottery, Tempus, 2001, p.41, for a very similar Early Byzantine lamp.

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ROMAN GYPSUM LAMP MOULD WITH LION 4th-5th century AD A gypsum lamp mould half showing a recumbent lion, surrounded by alternating palm flowers and quatrefoils. 900 grams, 19cm (7½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

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Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970. Literature See Bussière, J., Lindros Wohl, B., Ancient Lamps in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, 2017, no.493, p.353, for the type. Footnotes The mould was used for Atlante type X (Hayes type II), belonging to the socalled Christian lamps in Terra Sigillata Africana (TSA). This typology is characterised by a fine clay, glossy light orange slip and a carefully executed decoration. Here the motif of the lion (reflecting Biblical topics such as Daniel in the lion's cave or the myth of the meek lion) is united with foliage motifs characteristic of early Christian iconography.

79

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LARGE ROMAN SILVER-GILT SKYPHOS 1st century BC-1st century AD A two-handled cup with the body raised from a single sheet of silver resting on a flared foot, the thickened rim decorated with a gilt band of ovules with another gilt decorative band of geometric motifs beneath; two rounded handles with thumb-pads, each with a magnificent interlace foliage beneath. 269 grams, 19.1cm (7½''). Fine condition. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 17,750 - 23,670 USD 20,590 - 27,460 Provenance Property of a gentleman; formerly acquired on the Germany art market in 1996; formerly in a private German collection since the 1980s; accompanied by a

52

technical examination report, written by Pieter Meyers of Los Angeles, California, dated 16 March 2018, and an archaeological expertise by Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10939181736. Literature Cf. for a beautiful similarly decorated example from the Boscoreale treasure, in Bianchi Bandinelli, R., Roma, l’arte romana nel centro del potere, Milano, 1969, fig.227. Footnotes The Boscoreale cup, today at the Louvre, represents the immediate and direct reference model for our cup. Cicero refers to such beautiful cups when he spoke of the scyphi collected by the Sicilian Greeks from the avid agents of the unscrupulous Praetor Verres (Cicero in Verre II, IV,14). Nero had his personal collection of scyphi omerici, probably of the same category.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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81

82

81

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ROMAN SILVER PLAQUE WITH GODDESS

ROMAN SILVER TRIUMPHAL VOTIVE PLATE

2nd-3rd century AD

1st century BC-1st century AD

A provincial silver-gilt rectangular votive relief depicting a standing goddess in the act of making an offering with a phiale in her right hand, the veil of her cloak (pallium) worn over the head (capite velato), dressed in a long Ionic chiton falling over the lower legs, a trace of gilding on the neck and face. 42 grams, 77mm (3"). Fine condition, cracked. [No Reserve] £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330

A silver plaque with army trophies in low-relief, representing a pastiche of Germano-Roman weapons: two hexagonal shields fitted with central bosses, a quiver decorated by rhomboid patterns, a bow, a pugio dagger, a muscled armour, a helmet, a carnyx trumpet and an oval shield with a central spina. 11.22 grams, 95mm (3¾"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370

Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970.

Provenance Ex collection of a Surrey, UK, gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously on the European art market before 2000.

Literature See similar images of Cybele with patera in Nankov, 'toward the Thracian Religion in the Early Hellenistic Period: a terracotta figurine of Kybele from Seuthopolis reconsidered' in Archaeologia Bulgarica, 3, 2007, Sofia, pp.4767, figs.11,13,18.

Literature See similar images in Polito, E., Fulgentibus Armis, introduzione allo studio dei fregi d'armi antichi, Roma, 1998, figs.86, 105-107.

Footnotes This Roman provincial work could evoke the image of Cybele-Demeter or Artemis Posphoros. The two divinities are often identified by the similarity of holding the phiale in the right hand, as it is possible to see on some of the autonomous coins of Kabyle.

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Footnotes The plaque was probably an appliqué for a personal object related to a Roman miles or officer, such as a scabbard ornament or part of a camp casket. The weapons represented likely belong to the Augustan Age, commemorating victories over the Germanic or Celtic people.

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84

83

84

ROMAN SILVER LEGION II FLAVIA SEAL MATRIX

ROMAN SILVER DOUBLE BEZEL RING WITH GARNETS

4th century AD

3rd century AD

A silver seal matrix inlay or ring bezel with the bust of a draped and cuirassed emperor (Constantine or Constantius II), with the inscription 'SECVN' in front and 'DA.FL' behind (= Legio II Flavia). 2.34 grams, 11mm (½"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100

A silver ring with facetted hoop, expanding at the shoulder to a double bezel with twin ellipsoidal raised cells set with cut and polished garnet cabochons, raised fluting to hoop and shoulders, scrolls to the bezel. 15.29 grams, 29.00mm overall, 21.67mm internal diameter (approximate size British R, USA 8½, Europe 18¾, Japan 18) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370

Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970; accompanied by a copy of an old catalogue listing. Literature See González, J.R., Historia de las legiones romanas, Almena, Madrid, 2003, pp.460-473. Footnotes The seal matrix could refer to three different legions: the Legio II Flavia Constantia, created in 296/297 AD and documented until the 6th century AD, whose main seat was Cusae (Al-Qusiyya) in High Egypt; the Legio II Flavia Constantiniana, probably created by Constantine in 312 AD, stationed in Italy, Mauretania Tingitana, and Africa Proconsularis, remembered by the Notitia Dignitatum Occidentalis V,523, VII,149; the Legio II Flavia Virtutis, created in about 300 AD and stationed until the 5th century (ND Oc. V,250; VII,147) in Gaul and Africa.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From an important North West London collection; acquired in the late 1980searly 1990s. Literature Cf. Ruseva-Slokoska, L., Roman Jewellery, Sofia, 1991, item 213.

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ROMAN LIFE-SIZE STATUE OF AN IMPORTANT MAGISTRATE Late 3rd-early 4th century AD An impressive life-size marble statue of a standing Roman magistrate, clad in a symmetrically incised late Roman toga, which was originally painted; the right hand covered by the robe and resting against his chest, the now lost left hand probably held a rank symbol or a scroll; short hair, cut according to the style of the Tetrarchy, wide eyes and pronounced lips; beard extended under the chin and on the throat; crepida sandal of Greek typology still visible on the right foot. 700+ kg, 206cm including base (81"). Fine condition. An impressive museum-quality display piece. £300,000 - 400,000 EUR 354,990 - 473,320 USD 411,860 - 549,140 Provenance From the C.M. collection, Switzerland; formerly the property of his father, H.V.C., Munich, Germany; forming a central part of the H.V.C. family collection in the 1980s; acquired from the private collection of L.H. of Munich, Germany, in 1982; accompanied by a German cultural export licence and by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; and a geological report No. TL3253 by geology consultant Dr R. L. Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.155271-10030.

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Literature See Calza, R., Iconografia Romana Imperiale. Da Carausio a Giuliano (287363 d. C.), Rome, 1972; L’Orange, H.P., Das spätantike Herrscherbild von Diokletian bis zu den Konstantin-Söhnen, 284-361 n. Chr. Das Römische Herrscherbild. III. Abteilung, Bd. 4, Berlin, 1984. Footnotes This statue of a Roman magistrate represents a high-ranking citizen with political and ritual responsibilities. The stylised facial features date it to the period of the Tetrachy under the emperor Diocletian (284-305 AD), when representation of the human form began to show a concern for geometry and symmetry. A similar style can be seen in official portraits of Diocletian, Galerius, Constantinus Chlorus, and Maximianus Herculius. Despite the stylisation typical of the era, however, the sculptor of this lot has taken pains to add personal detail, such as the dimpled chin and creased forehead. Its powerful resemblance to Imperial portraiture stems from the desire of magistrates to emulate emperors in the way they represented themselves. This is a piece of outstanding quality, and unlike other Late Roman sculptures, in which a portrait head is often attached to an earlier body, appears to have been created as a whole. It shows exceptional attention to detail, including in the magistrate’s beautifully-carved footwear. It is likely to represent an official of an Eastern Empire city, either in Greece or Illyria.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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ROMAN SANDSTONE BUST OF A PHILOSOPHER 1st-2nd century AD An over life-size composition head of a frowning elderly male with a thick beard; broad facial features with large nose, sunken eyes beneath prominent eyebrow arches, mouth slightly open and surrounded by thick moustache, the long beard made up of curly tufts; the curly hair covered with a hat or a cap formed of knotted bands (strophion) with voluminous strands falling over the ears to the back of the neck; the smoothed part of the herm, hidden by the hairs of the beard directed towards the centre of the head, creating a chiaroscuro effect; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 36.5 kg, 52cm including stand (20½"). Fair condition, with restorations. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 9,470 - 11,830 USD 10,980 - 13,730 Provenance From an important English collection; accompanied by an academic report by Dr Laura Maria Vigna; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10748-177458.

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Literature See Becatti, G., s. v., Pitagora, in Enciclopedia dell’Arte Antica Classica e Orientale, vol. VI, Roma, 1965, pp. 197-199; Picozzi, M.G.,‘I ritratti dal mare della Meloria al Museo Archeologico di Firenze: fusioni in bronzo da marmi romani,’ in Rivista dell’Istituto Nazionale di Archeologia e Storia dell’Arte, s. III, XVIII, 1995, pp.118-120; Di Cesare, R., ‘Ritratti di intellettuali tra mondo greco e romano,’ in La Rocca, E., Parisi Presicce, C., Lo Monaco, A., Ritratti. Le tante facce del potere, Roma Musei Capitolini 10 marzo- 25 settembre 2011, Roma, 2011, pp. 93-107; Mastronuzzi, G., ‘Immagini di poeti e filosofi della Magna Grecia,’ in Quaderni di “Atene e Roma”, Pubblicazione dell’Associazione Italiana di Cultura Classica, 5; Capasso, M., Cinque incontri sulla Cultura Classica, Lecce, 2015, pp.55-70. Footnotes The hair and the untidy beard reproduce the typical image of a philosopher/ writer as conceived in the Greek and Roman world, although the head portrayed is difficult to identify; it possibly represents Pythagoras, Homer or Sophocles. The probable bronze archetypes for this sculpture are the works of great Greek sculptors dating from the 5th-3rd century BC, which are found replicated in marble and bronze in the form of house furnishings.

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87

DANUBIAN MARBLE STELE WITH DIOSCURI AND HELEN OF TROY c.2nd-3rd century AD A carved Roman marble stele section showing a mounted rider (Dioscuri) advancing left towards the figure of Helen of Troy, in the upper register, the sun and the moon, behind the cavalryman a woman holding a crown upon his head. 1.3 kg, 14cm (5½"). Fair condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960

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Provenance From the private French collection of A. Garcia; 1990s-2000. Literature See Tudor, D., Corpus Monumentorum Religionis Equitum Danu Vinorum (CMRED), II. The analysis and interpretation of the monuments, Leiden-Brill, 1976, for discussion and iconography. Footnotes The fragment was once part of a Danubian stele representing the image of a radiate Sol Invictus and of the moon (Luna), at the centre a single or two Dioscuri (Castor and Pollux) on horseback, riding towards their divine sister Helen of Troy. The image of Sol Invictus assumes a great importance in the Danubian cult: the frequent representation of the celestial gods on the plaques is paralleled by their representation on monuments of other mystery cults, particularly the cult of Mithras. The image of a Dioscurus on horseback is linked to that of the Danubian rider.

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LARGE ROMAN GLASS FOOTED CHALICE c.1st century AD

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A large glass chalice with piriform body, stepped neck with deep lip and splayed foot; iridescent surfaces. 286 grams, 15.1cm wide (6"). Very fine condition, small chip to foot. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance From the collection of a Kensington gentleman; previously in the collection of Mrs Petra Schamelman, Breitenbach, Germany; acquired from the collection of Fernand Adda (d.1965), formed in the 1920s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10985-181177. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number X.21.194, for similar elements.

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ROMAN CLEAR GLASS BOWL 3rd-4th century AD A clear glass bowl with hemispherical body and D-section rim. 80 grams, 82mm (3¼"). Fine condition, rim smoothed. £700 - 900 EUR 830 - 1,060 USD 960 - 1,240

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Provenance From a deceased Japanese collector, 1970-2015.

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ROMAN GLASS BEAKER 1st century AD A colourless glass beaker with D-section cylindrical body decorated with horizontal wheel-cut bands; iridescent surfaces. 50.7 grams, 92mm (3½"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330 Provenance From an important London W1, collection; acquired in the 1970s. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 74.51.250, for similar.

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ROMAN IRIDESCENT HANDLED GLASS VESSEL

ROMAN OPAQUE WHITE GLASS PATELLA CUP

3rd-4th century AD

1st century AD

A clear glass vessel with carinated body, everted neck, three applied trails around the shoulder and rim, short medial ribs around the body, iridescent surfaces; held in a custom-made display case. 84 grams (2.2 kg including box), 70mm high (2¾"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240

A white opaque glass patella cup with squat D-section body wall, stepped D-section neck and everted rim with broad lip, footed base. 94 grams, 95mm (3¾"). Very fine condition, slightly restored. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 7,100 - 9,470 USD 8,240 - 10,980

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; with Bonhams, New Bond Street, London, 6 October 2010, lot 13 (£80,000-£120,000); previously in the collection of Mrs Petra Schamelman, Breitenbach, Germany; acquired from the collection of Fernand Adda, formed in the 1920s-1930s. The Adda family, originally from Alexandria, formed the majority of their collection in the 1920s-1930s. Abraham Adda (b. circa 1855) had three sons, Victor (b. circa 1885-1965) a collector of coins, Iznik and ancient Egyptian objects; Fernand, a collector of Iznik ceramics, and Joseph. The collection has been situated in Europe since before the Second World War; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10910181104. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 1975.1.1597 and 74.51.197, for similar.

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92

Provenance From an important London W1, collection; previously with Christie’s New York, 13 June 2000, lot 404; ex Ishiguro collection; acquired from Christie’s, London, ‘Ancient Glass Formerly the Kofler-Truniger Collection’, 5 March 1985, lot 167; before that in the Kofler-Truniger collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11012-181291. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 13.198.3, for similar; cf. Goldstein, S.M., Pre-Roman and Early Roman Glass, The Corning Museum of Glass, New York, 1979, pp.144-145, for similar and discussion. Published M. Kunz, ed., 3000 Jahre Glasskunst: von der Antike bis zum Jugendstil, Kunstmuseum Luzern, 1981, no. 147; exhibited: Kunstmuseum Luzern, 3000 Jahre Glasskunst: von der Antike bis zum Jugendstil, 19 July-30 September 1981.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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ROMAN MARBLED GLASS VESSEL 1st-2nd century AD A glass bottle or unguentarium produced using a marble effect, tapering D-section body wall, tapering cylindrical neck and everted rim. 71 grams, 93mm (3¾"). Very fine condition. £7,000 - 9,000 EUR 8,280 - 10,650 USD 9,610 - 12,360

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Provenance From an important London W1, collection; ex Charles Ede Ltd., Three Kings' Yard, Davies St, London, W1; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10990-181284. Literature Cf. The Corning Museum of Glass, accession number 53.1.5, for a toilet bottle of this shape; 54.1.8, for a similar marbled bottle; cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 74.51.195, for similar in blue glass.

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LARGE ROMAN GLASS VESSEL WITH HANDLE 1st-2nd century AD A clear glass jug or squat bottle with gently tapering walls, broad shoulder, short, stepped cylindrical neck and rolled rim, broad applied handle with ornate raised ridges, the body with circumferential wheelcut bands. 284 grams, 12.8cm (5"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240 Provenance From an important London W1, collection; acquired in the 1970s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11018-180890. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 81.10.12, for similar.

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ROMAN GREEN GLASS VESSEL 3rd-4th century AD A green glass flask or pitcher with squat spherical body, inset at the base of the neck, trumpet-style neck and rim with rolled lip, decorative medial band of shallow pinched lugs around the body, shallow pontil to base; iridescent surfaces. 93 grams, 14.5cm (5¾"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750 Provenance From an important London W1, collection; acquired in the 1970s. Literature Cf. Whitehouse, D., Roman Glass in The Corning Museum of Glass, Volume Three, New York, 2003, items 1155 and 1186, for similar.

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ROMAN GLASS HEAD-SHAPED VESSEL 2nd-4th century AD A substantial part mould-blown glass bottle or vase, the body formed as an African style head in the round, broad neck forming the base, slender cylindrical neck with single applied trail towards the top; iridescent surfaces; possibly from North Africa. 92 grams, 16cm (6¼"). Very fine condition. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 17,750 - 23,670 USD 20,590 - 27,460

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Provenance From an important London W1, collection; acquired in the 1970s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10992-181288. Literature Cf. The Corning Museum of Glass, accession numbers 54.1.86; 86.1.5; 64.1.7; 55.1.93, for similar.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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LARGE ROMAN GLASS SKYPHOS 1st century BC-1st century AD A clear glass skyphos with vertical body walls, tapering towards the rim, splayed circular foot and integral ring handles formed between projecting plates, the upper with a forked terminal, the lower rounded. 352 grams, 21cm wide (8¼"). Fine condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Property of a gentleman; ex Theodore Sarmas collection, acquired in the 1970s. Literature Cf. The Hermitage Collection, Ancient Glass in the Hermitage Collection, 1997, no.37; cf. The British Museum, Masterpieces of Glass, 1968, no.37; cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 17.194.888 and 81.10.94, for similar examples.

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Footnotes This vessel was produced using casting techniques; it was then lathe-cut and polished. The skyphos was the most valuable vessel in the Greek and early Roman eras, attested by their representation on the first Jewish coins, the silver shekels minted during the First Jewish Revolt against the Roman Empire in 68 AD. A limited number of these vessels can be found in museums worldwide. Although a number of fragmentary or restored examples can be found on the art market, complete examples such as the one offered here are comparatively rare.

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ROMAN DEEP BLUE IRIDESCENT GLASS BOTTLE 2nd-4th century AD A bulbous opaque dark glass bottle with tapering cylindrical neck and broad, flat rim; iridescent surfaces. 170 grams, 84mm (3¼"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance From a deceased gentleman, London/Israel collection, 1970-1999. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 74.51.148, for a similar shape.

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ROMAN AUBERGINE VASE WITH WHITE TRAIL 1st century AD A piriform aubergine glass vase with tapering cylindrical neck, flared rim and rolled lip, embellished with an applied circumferential white glass trail spiralling clockwise from the base; surface lustre. 93 grams, 15cm (6"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; previously in the collection of Mrs Petra Schamelman, Breitenbach, Germany; acquired from the collection of Fernand Adda, formed in the 1920s-1930s. The Adda family, originally from Alexandria, formed the majority of their collection in the 1920s-1930s. Abraham Adda (b. circa 1855) had three sons, Victor (b. circa 1885-1965) a collector of coins, Iznik and ancient Egyptian objects; Fernand, a collector of Iznik ceramics, and Joseph. The collection has been situated in Europe since before the Second World War. Literature Cf. Lightfoot, C.S., Ancient Glass In National Museums Scotland, Edinburgh, 2007, pp.150-151, item 377, for similar.

99

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101

ROMAN HANGING GLASS LAMP

ROMAN GOLD NECKLACE WITH GEMSTONE BEADS

2nd-4th century AD

c.1st century AD and later

A glass U-shaped lamp with D-section body and rolled rim, three 'white' opaque glass masks applied around the neck, one smaller, alternating with applied loop handles, shallow pontil, iridescent surfaces; a bronze hanger composed of three chains and balustered and lobed links, hooks to the ends, 'star' shaped terminal with three longer and three shorter arms, larger suspension hook above. 562 grams total, 13-50.3cm (5¼ - 19¾"). Fine condition, repaired. [2] £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,130 - 2,840 USD 2,470 - 3,290

A gold necklace composed of linked chain, sheet-gold tubular beads with caps, gold beads with carinated body and collars with applied granules, carnelian, lapis, amethyst and opaque glass beads of various types including biconical, oblate, barrel and capsule-shaped, small central discoid pendant with ribbed suspension loop, hook-andeye closure. 18.66 grams, 44cm (17¼"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,130 - 2,840 USD 2,470 - 3,290

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; acquired on the German art market prior to 1993.

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Provenance Ex important Japanese private collection, 1970s-2010. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 95.16.13, for a necklace of similar style.

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ROMAN GOLD TWISTED BRACELET PAIR 3rd-4th century AD A pair of gold bracelets, each composed of a twisted hollow gold wire hoop with ribbed gold sleeves at the terminals, a hook-and-eye clasp between. 49.77 grams total, 85mm each (3¼"). Fine condition, tears to the hoops. [2] £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,920 - 8,280 USD 6,860 - 9,610 Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously with Sotheby's, London, 8 July 1993, lot 91; and 10th July 1990, lot 194 and 195; formerly acquired from an American private collection, 1979; accompanied by copies of the relevant Sotheby's catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11030-180794. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 1995.539.13, for a gold bracelet with similar hoop; cf. the V&A Museum, accession number M.141966, for similar hoop and clasp dated 200-300 AD. Footnotes The armillae (or psellia in Greek) were rings and bracelets worn by women in the Graeco-Roman world on both legs and arms. Homer mentions them (elikas) as being part of the hairstyle of the divine Aphrodite, thus giving an almost sacred character to these objects. There were different types, the most common consisting of a more or less thick metal wire, or a flat or cylindrical circle, sometimes twisted like in our example. Armilla was the most common name used among the Romans, although those that were wornon the right arm

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

were called dextrocheria or dextralia. They were rarely worn by men (with the exception of military ones which fell into the category of dona militaria) even if emperors such as Caligula, Nero and Heliogabalus made extensive use of them.

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LATE ROMAN ARCHITECTURAL GOLD RING WITH GEMSTONE 4th-6th century AD A gold ring with rectangular-section hoop, rectangular bezel with openwork sides, u-section at the shorter ends, zigzags to the longer edges with engraved pellet in each and swag between, a bevelled rectangular plate with raised ellipsoidal cell set with a nicolo gemstone. 9.54 grams, 29.44mm overall, 18.40mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (1"). Very fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 7,100 - 9,470 USD 8,240 - 10,980 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market in 2012; previously in a 1970s collection; accompanied by a positive scientific statement from Striptwist Limited, a London-based company run by historical precious metal specialist Dr Jack Ogden, reference number 210714; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11011-180889. Literature Cf. Content, D.J., Ruby, Sapphire & Spinel: An Archaeological, Textual and Cultural Study, Part II, Belgium, 2016, pp.82-85, for a broadly comparable architectural form.

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ROMAN GOLD RING WITH GEMSTONE c.1st century AD A gold ring with round-section hoop and rectangular bezel with rounded corners, set with a carnelian intaglio motif of a robed male figure standing left, sacrificing over an altar, a tree or plant to his right. 4.26 grams, 21.97mm overall, 18.14mm internal diameter (approximate size British L½, USA 6, Europe 11.87, Japan 11) (1"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market in 2012; previously in a 1970s collection; accompanied by a positive scientific based statement from Striptwist Limited, a London-based company run by historical precious metal specialist Dr Jack Ogden, reference number 210801; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11019-181318.

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ROMAN GOLD RING WITH MERCURY GEMSTONE 1st-2nd century AD A gold finger ring with ellipsoid cell to the bezel, inset onyx gemstone with intaglio figure of Mercury in travelling cloak (sagum) holding out his coin-purse (marsupium). 3.66 grams, 24.72mm overall, 21.01mm internal diameter (approximate size British T, USA 9½, Europe 21.26, Japan 20) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330 Provenance From the private collection of a Russian gentleman living in London; acquired from a Chelsea collector in the 2000s; the Chelsea collection having been formed from 1970-1990s.

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Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 285, for type.

106

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH HERMES GEMSTONE 2nd-3rd century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop ornamented with lozenges, scrolled shield-shaped shoulders and oval bezel, with polished oval carnelian intaglio with image of Hermes (Greek Mercury) standing right holding a caduceus in right hand, chlamys draped over right arm, marsupium in the left hand. 7.98 grams, 23.07mm overall, 14.52mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q½, USA 8¼, Europe 18.12, Japan 17) (1"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Ex collection of a Surrey, UK, gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously on the European art market before 2000.

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Literature Cf. Ruseva-Slokoska, L., Roman Jewellery, Sofia, 1991, item 184, for this type of ring, dated 3rd century AD.

107

ROMAN GOLD PENDANT WITH BUST OF ATHENA PARTHENOS GEMSTONE 1st century AD A red jasper gemstone with a gold mount, depicting the bust of goddess Athena Parthenos (Greek Minerva), wearing the PseudoAttic three-crested helmet of Athena Promachos, aegis upon her breast. 2.07 grams, 23mm (1"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection; previously acquired in Munich, Germany, between 1992 and 1996; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10906-179190. Literature See Zwierlein-Diehl, Antike Gemmen und ihr Nachleben, Bonn, 2007, pp.408ff., fig.436.

107

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108

ROMAN GOLD BAR PENDANT WITH MENORAH AND BEAD DROPS 1st-4th century AD A gold pendant with tubular haematite body wrapped in three gold sleeves, the end two capped, the central sheet decorated with a menorah in relief, three pairs of suspension loops below holding a slender gold wire bar, three gold pomegranate drops, the central one with a pearl bead, two polished amethyst cabochons on gold wire between, a ribbed gold suspension loop with pyramid granules to each of the sleeves above. 9.62 grams, 38mm (1½"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240 Provenance Previously in a private collection kept in Europe since the 1960s; accompanied by a positive scientific statement from Striptwist Limited, a London-based company run by historical precious metal specialist Dr Jack Ogden, reference number 190901; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11016181121.

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Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1917,0601.2981, for a similar element.

109

ROMAN GOLD PENDANT WITH AGATE CAMEO OF A NOBLE LADY Mid 2nd-3rd century AD A gold pendant with ellipsoid plaque, beaded border to the cell, plain loop; inset cameo with reserved classical profile female bust wearing a chiton and a stola fastened on the shoulders. 4.09 grams, 29mm (1"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970. Literature For a similar style of cameo see Spier, J., Ancient Gems and Finger rings, catalogue of the collections, the J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, 1992, no.451 (head of Minerva); for an example in a gold mount see Toncheva, Sovetskaya Arkheologiya, I, 1968, p.233, fig.5; see also Popovi , I., 'Roman cameos with female busts from Middle and Lower Danube' in Pallas, 83, 2010, pp.203-224, figs.10-12. Footnotes The hairstyle of the noblewoman, as well as the marked profile of the face, recall the severe styles of the 3rd century AD. Such cameos set in gold medallions are relatively common finds in the Middle and Lower Danube regions, but rare elsewhere.

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ROMAN AGATE CAMEO OF A NOBLE LADY Late 2nd-early 3rd century AD A layered agate cameo portraying a noble lady or an empress in profile, hair falling to just above the nape, where it is plaited. 1.9 grams, 20mm (¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970. Literature See Popovi , I., 'Roman cameos with female busts from Middle and Lower Danube' in Pallas, 83, 2010, pp.203-224, figs.15-16. Footnotes Most cameos of this typology originate from the period of rule of the Severan Dynasty, and were made in the first half of the 3rd century AD. A similar cameo in a gold medallion from an unknown site in Hungary, probably from south Pannonia (Popovi , 2010, Nº 15), portrays a woman with a hairstyle of helmet form (Helmfrisur), characteristic of Julia Domna, the wife of Septimius Severus (160-217).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

110

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BYZANTINE MARBLE RELIQUARY WITH PILLARS 4th-10th century AD A drum-shaped marble chest in the form of a tholos surrounded by eight columns with simple capitals, arcades between the pillars with elegant openwork foliate tracery; each tiered capital with a vertical socket for the attachment of a lid; the interior showing tooling. 22.1 kg, 37.5cm (14¾"). Fine condition. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 9,470 - 11,830 USD 10,980 - 13,730 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; acquired in Austria in 1993; previously in the Trimbacher collection; formerly acquired in Germany in 1980; accompanied by an academic report by Prof. Neritan Ceka and a scholarly note no.TL05394 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10949-181176.

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Literature See Boehm, B.D., 'Relics and Reliquaries in Medieval Christianity' in Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, New York, 2000; Abou-El-Haj, B., The Medieval Cult of Saints: Foramations and Transformations, Cambridge, 1994; Bagnoli, M. et al. eds., Treasures of Heaven: Saints, Relics, and Devotion in Medieval Europe, Cleveland, 2010; Weitzmann, K. ed., Age of Spirituality: Late Antique and Early Christian Art, Third to Seventh Century, New York, 1979, no.569-575. Footnotes Reliquaries were containers for storing and displaying relics, such as bones, pieces of clothing or an object associated with a saint or other religious figure, in a church from the early Christianity onwards. Starting from the simple forms of chests in late Antiquity, they developed to various types depending on the relics they contained. During the Reformation, a large number of reliquaries were destroyed by Calvinists and as a result the number of original, especially early specimens, is limited. Interestingly, our reliquary has a hole in its bottom, which can be related to the practice of pouring oil into a container of relics of a saint or saints, which was then collected into pilgrim flasks.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


112

BYZANTINE GLAZED SGRAFFITO CHALICE 12th-early 13th century AD A ceramic chalice with carinated body, cylindrical stem flaring to the foot, cream glaze with splashed amber and green, sgraffito foliate band to the outer face, zigzags between plain bands below the inner lip and inner base with cross in roundel, trees in each quarter; Lusignan, Cyprus. 354 grams, 12cm (4¾"). Fine condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820

112

Provenance Ex central London gallery since 2012; formerly with Bonhams, New Bond Street, 29 April 2009, lot 274 [part]; from the deceased estate of the late Mr J.A. Brew, 1923-2008, the collection was formed mainly in the 1960s; accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages.

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BYZANTINE GLAZED FOOTED SGRAFFITO BOWL 12th-early 13th century AD A ceramic glazed footed bowl with splashed amber and green, vertical sgraffito bands to the outer face with double vertical lines within each band, at the neck a double horizontal line, a double circular line enclosing a hatched central panel; Lusignan, Cyprus. 299 grams, 90mm high (3½"). Fine condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex central London gallery since 2012; formerly with Bonhams, New Bond Street, 29 April 2009, lot 273 [part]; from the deceased estate of the late Mr J.A. Brew, 1923-2008, the collection was formed mainly in the 1960s; accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages.

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BYZANTINE GLAZED SGRAFFITO FOOTED DISH 12th-early 13th century AD A ceramic dish with carinated body and shallow foot, cream glaze with splashed green blobs around the lip, sgraffito geometric motif with central 'eye' to inner base, a green zigzag roundel covering the seven arms; Lusignan, Cyprus. 173 grams, 12cm (4¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex central London gallery since 2012; formerly with Bonhams, New Bond Street, 29 April 2009, lot 275 [part]; from the deceased estate of the late Mr J.A. Brew, 1923-2008, the collection was formed mainly in the 1960s; accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages.

114 115

BYZANTINE DISH ENGRAVED WITH AN EAGLE ATTACKING A HARE c.12th century AD A shallow ceramic dish with D-section wall and basal ring, the inner face engraved with a stylised scene composed of an eagle swooping down, catching a hare, dense detailing to the bird's plumage and the hare's fur, branches around. 622 grams, 23cm (9"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Henry's Auktionshaus, Mutterstadt, Germany.

115

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BYZANTINE LITURGICAL BOWL WITH FIGURES 11th-12th century AD A large bronze paten with sloping walls and a thin everted rim, the interior of the vessel engraved with a scene comprising four nimbate Evangelist around a central figure of beardless Christ, each holding a gospel in their right hand, the left hand raised to make the sign of blessing; the four Evangelists depicted beneath an arch and a Corinthian column in between each figure, the body of the column decorated with fish scale motifs. 418 grams, 29.2cm (11½"). Fine condition. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 14,200 - 20,120 USD 16,470 - 23,340 Provenance Property of a gentleman; acquired on the German art market in 2001; formerly in a private German collection since the 1980s; accompanied by an expertise

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and archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10940-181731. Literature Cf. Papanikola-Bakirtzi, D. (ed.), Everyday life in Byzantium. Byzantine Hours. Works and days in Byzantium, Exhibition catalogue, Thessaloniki, White Tower October 2001-January 2002, Athens, 2002, no.372, for the type; Wamser, L., Die Welt von Byzanz - Europas Östliches Erbe, München, 2004, item 149, for a paten with similar engravings; see a paten with incisions in similar style in the Royal Ontario Museum, accession number 994.220.196. Footnotes This vessel belongs to a well-known type of rich liturgical objects, likely produced in the workshops of the Imperial capital Constantinople, although the style used to present Christ and the Evangelists in this artwork points to an important provincial craftsman, certainly influenced by Islamic and Persian iconography. Patens and chalices were the essential containers for the bread and wine of the Divine Liturgy (Eucharist) in Byzantium.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


117

BYZANTINE POLYCANDELON WITH CROSS 6th-7th century AD A bronze discoid polycandelon, or hanging lamp holder, with stylised central openwork Christian cross surrounded by six panels with central circular sockets for lamps, three chains, one incorporating a cross, ornamental terminal and plaque above, with hook. 900 grams, 62cm (24½"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From a deceased gentleman, London/Israel collection, 1970-1999. Literature Cf. Bailey, D.M., A catalogue of the lamps in the British Museum, IV, Lamps of metal and stone, and lampstands, London, 1996, pl.141, for similar; Wamser L. and Zahlhaas, G., Rom und Byzanz, Archaologischen Kostbarkeiten aus Bayern, München, 1999. Footnotes Oil-filled glass vessels once hung from the round openings in this polycandelon. Such lamps cast beautiful shadows on walls, magnifying the designs of their disks on walls and floors. The shadows from this lamp would have emphasised its Christian symbolism. Enormous hanging lamps were used to light the great church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople, which the poet and courtier Paul the Silentiary described in 563 AD: 'Thus is everything clothed in beauty … no words are sufficient to describe the illumination in the evening: you might say that some nocturnal sun filled the majestic church with light.'

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BYZANTINE DECORATED MIRROR c.6th-7th century AD A bronze mirror with discoid body and tapering handle, the reverse with a domed outer border framing pointillé geometric motifs, one containing the letter 'N', concentric rings to the centre. 160 grams, 15cm (6"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously in a UK private collection before 2000.

119

BYZANTINE RELIQUARY CROSS PENDANT 12th-13th century AD A Russian bronze enkolpion cross pommée composed of two plates with scenes in relief, hinge below and hinge with facetted suspension loop above; one plate bearing Slavic and Greek inscriptions, crucified Christ in the centre with the busts of Saint Nicholas, another saint, the Holy Mother and Saint John in each arm; the other plate bearing the Holy Mother standing robed and nimbate, with Saints Peter, Damian, Cosmas and Basil in roundels in the arms. 51 grams, 98mm (4"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820

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Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970. Literature See identical example in Pitarakis, B., Les Croix-Reliquaires Pectorales Byzantines En Bronze, Paris, 2006, p.244, fig.194, from Fiano Romano (Rome). Footnotes The shape belongs to type X of the Pitarakis classification of reliquary crosses, i.e. the ones with the ornamentation moulded in relief. The inscription in Greek at the sides of Christ's body, although difficult to read, should correspond to the one from John's Gospel: 'here is your son.' 'Here is your mother.' (John 19:25-27).

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BYZANTINE RELIQUARY CROSS PENDANT 11th-12th century AD A substantial bifacial bronze enkolpion or reliquary cross pendant with rounded arms, hinged, collared biconical suspension loop above, one face engraved with Corpus Christi, bust of a saint in three arms of the cross, second face with central cross and saint within a roundel in each arm of the pendant. 78 grams, 11.5cm (4½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 120

Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature Cf. Pitarakis, B., Les Croix-Reliquaires Pectorales Byzantines En Bronze, Paris, 2006, p.37, for similar.

121

BYZANTINE RELIQUARY CROSS PENDANT 10th-12th century AD A bifacial bronze reliquary cross pendant with hinge to the bottom and ribbed suspension loop above, one plate bearing Christ robed and nimbate, the arms outstretched on the cross, with two busts of the four evangelists on upper and lower arm, the Virgin and Saint John placed under the arms; the other plate bearing the Mother of God in orans pose, surrounded by the four evangelists. 54 grams, 91mm (3½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970.

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Literature See similar example in Pitarakis, B., Les Croix-Reliquaires Pectorales Byzantines En Bronze, Paris, 2006, p.225, fig.129, in the Smart Museum of Chicago University. Footnotes The shape belongs to the type IV of the Pitarakis classification of reliquary crosses, i.e. the ones with the ornamentation moulded in relief. In this type the head of Christ is slightly reclined towards the right, and the figures are dressed in garments rendered with strong oblique and vertical embossing.

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BYZANTINE GOLDEN IRIDESCENT GLASS FLASK 6th-8th century AD A gold-green coloured glass bottle with globular body, cylindrical stepped shoulder and slender cylindrical neck decorated with a panel of slender trails, moulded curves in the body, shallow pontil; iridescent surfaces. 77 grams, 17.5cm (7"). Fine condition, repaired. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330

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Provenance Ex JL collection, Surrey, UK; formerly from a deceased gentleman, London/Israel collection, 1970-1999.

123

BYZANTINE GREEN GLASS CUP c.13th century AD A green glass cup or bowl with squat, carinated body, applied slender trails around the rim, applied handle with thumb pad, upper and lower body decorated with a net of raised petal shapes, including to the base; possible thumb print in the glass; pontil to base. 135 grams, 12.3cm (5"). Fine condition, repaired. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From a deceased gentleman, London/Israel collection, 1970-1999. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 79.1.118, for similar.

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BYZANTINE HEAVY GOLD COIN PENDANT WITH CHAIN 5th-8th century AD A hexagonal gold pendant with scooped edges featuring an inset gold solidus coin of Theodosius II (401-450 AD); the plaque with raised rim and inner border with punched annulets, openwork scrolled filigree panel surrounding a discoid cell with raised rim and filigree collar; a small discoid cell with beaded wire collar to each angle, four set with a cabochon garnet, two with an emerald (or sapphire?); broad suspension loop with running scrolled filigree and punched annulets to the border; twelve external ribbed loops with wire, string of barrelshaped pearl beads; plain reverse with corresponding cell displaying the reverse of the medallion; suspension chain of substantial gold links, heart-shaped finials, hook-and-eye closure; the central insert a gold coin of Theodosius II with imperial bust oriented correctly, the coin obverse with D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG legend with facing bust; the reverse with SALVS REI PVBLICAE legend showing Theodosius II seated with Valentinian III, each holding mappa and globe with star above, with CON OB to the exergue for Constantinople mint (struck 425 AD and issued in commemoration of the eleventh consulship of Theodosius and the first of Valentinian); suspension loop above; with later gold chain. 56 grams, pendant: 59mm, chain: 52cm (pendant 2¼", chain: 20½"). Very fine condition. £30,000 - 40,000 EUR 35,500 - 47,330 USD 41,190 - 54,910

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From the private collection of a Russian gentleman living in London; previously from an important London collection, acquired in the 1970s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10938-181702. Literature Cf. similar hexagonal pendant from Constantinople in the Dumbarton Oaks collection in Ross M.C. Catalogue of the Byzantine and Early Mediaeval Antiquities in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection, Volume 2: Jewelry, Enamels and Art of the Migration Period, Washington, 2005, item 181; coin reference see Sear 21143. Footnotes Theodosius II (Flavius Theodosius Junior Augustus) was the son of Emperor Arcadius. He was proclaimed co-Augustus by his father in 402 AD, the youngest person ever to hold this title. At the age of seven, on his father's death, he became Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, sharing the throne with his sister Pulcheria until 416 AD. In 421, he married Aelia Eudoxia and began to take an interest in Christianity under her influence. A futile war against the Sassanid Persians in 421-2 was halted when the Huns threatened Constantinople. Persistent threats from the Huns to the north, Sassanids to the east and Vandals in North Africa eroded Roman authority. Theodosius died in 450 AD in a riding accident. He was succeeded by Marcian, the husband of his sister Pulcheria. The present piece differs from the Dumbarton Oaks item in having been produced in filigree rather than the more usual Byzantine technique of opus interrasile, whereby the solid plaque is punched and pierced.

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125

BYZANTINE GOLD CHAIN AND CROSS PENDANT WITH GARNET 10th-12th century AD A substantial gold necklace composed of a loop chain and cross pendant, the chain with hook-and-loop closure with articulated discoid plaque, the plaque element with a raised cell with applied foliate scrolls and beaded collar to base; the solid gold cross pendant with articulated loop and central garnet cabochon with ivy-leaf claws, expanding and stepped conical arms. 39.59 grams, 58cm (22¾"). Very fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 7,100 - 9,470 USD 8,240 - 10,980 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the P. Vitalis collection, acquired in 1961; collection number 39; accompanied by a copy of an appraisal by M.D. O'Hara, independent Byzantine expert, dated 1980; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10534-172009. Literature See Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 17.190.1650, for a similar chain; see Cormack, R. and Vassilaki, M., edn., Byzantium, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 2008, p.224, fig.193, for a gold cross with articulated suspension loop.

126

126

extending to an openwork scrolled filigree plaque and five dangles with pearl, amethyst and gold sphere beads. 19 grams total, 92-93mm (3¾"). Very fine condition. [2] £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,920 - 8,280 USD 6,860 - 9,610 Provenance From the private collection of a Russian gentleman living in London; previously from an important private London collection; formed in the 1970s and 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11015-181701.

127

BYZANTINE GOLD RING WITH CHALCEDONY GEMSTONE 6th-7th century AD A gold ring with round-section hoop supporting an ellipsoid bezel with raised cell, inset chalcedony gemstone bearing intaglio bust of a nimbate saint holding cross on globe. 4.60 grams, 23.75mm overall, 19.30mm internal diameter (approximate size British N½, USA 6¾, Europe 14.35, Japan 13) (1"). Fine condition, hoop slightly misshapen. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330 Provenance Ex collection of a Surrey, UK, gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously on the European art market before 2000.

BYZANTINE GOLD EARRINGS WITH AMETHYSTS AND OTHER GEMSTONES 10th-12th century AD A matched pair of gold earrings, each a hoop with openwork transverse bar, two dangles with turquoise, pearl and amethyst beads

74

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


128

BYZANTINE GOLD RING WITH ANIMAL GEMSTONE c.7th century AD A gold ring with tapering hoop and conical bezel set with a domed translucent glass intaglio bearing a zoomorphic motif, seemingly an eagle standing beside a staff, of a possibly earlier Roman date. 7.53 grams, 24.94mm overall, 17.61mm internal diameter (approximate size British J, USA 4¾, Europe 8.69, Japan 8) (1"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100

127

Provenance Ex important Japanese collection of jewellery, 1970s-2010. Literature Cf. Adams, N. et al., Intelligible Beauty: Recent Research on Byzantine Jewellery, London, 2010, p.30, for a similar ring set with green glass cabochon.

129

BYZANTINE SILVER BEZEL INLAY WITH CHRISTOGRAM 6th-7th century AD A discoid silver seal matrix or ring bezel inlay engraved with a ChiRho monogram; flat-section. 0.6 grams, 10mm (½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820

128

Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970. Literature See a similar stamp with female head in Dumbarton Oaks collections inv. no.BZ.1959.54.

130

BYZANTINE CHIP-CARVED FLORAL INCENSE BURNER 6th-7th century AD 129 A chip-carved stone incense burner formed with a cuboidal body, four squat legs and a deep recess to the upper face, each panel decorated with a chip-carved geometric floral design within a border with concave sides, dashed lines to the rim. 271 grams, 62mm (2½"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance From an important North West London collection; acquired in the late 1980searly 1990s; published in the 1986 'Sternberg' catalogue; accompanied by copies of the relevant 'Sternberg' catalogue pages.

131

BYZANTINE BONE LIDDED PYXIS WITH ARCHES OVER GRAPE VINES 11th-14th century AD

130

A cylindrical bone pyxis carved with a dense frieze of architectural columned arcades, populated with fruiting vines, volutes between, pellet border over lotus leaf below, repeated above; domed lid with pellet rim, two four-armed leaves radiating from the centre, collar and knop handle. 39 grams total, 96mm (3¾"). Fine condition, lid rim chipped. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; acquired in Austria in 1993; previously in the Trimbacher collection; formerly acquired in Germany in 1980; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10912-181103. Literature Cf. The Brooklyn Museum, accession number 36.168.2, for similar vines; cf. Byzantium and Islam: Age of Transition exhibition at the Met, New York, March 14th-July 8th 2012, Pyxis with Crosses and Vine, 7th-8th century AD; cf. Painter. K.S. et al., Wealth Of The Roman World AD 300-700, London, 1977, p.87, for silver book covers with similar foliate detailing and arcading, dated c.600 AD.

131

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

75


132

132

BYZANTINE OPENWORK HORN WITH PEACOCKS 7th-12th century AD A worked horn with tapering oval-shaped body and openwork frieze composed of two facing peacocks, column of entwined vines between, fruiting vines around, semi-naturalistic detailing to the birds' heads, plumage, wings and tails, repeated on the reverse with subtle variations in execution- a vining tree growing from a gadrooned vase between, the birds enjoying the fruits; register of fruiting vines over pellets above and below. 61 grams, 10.4cm (4"). Fine condition. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 17,750 - 23,670 USD 20,590 - 27,460 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; previously in the collection of Mrs Petra Schamelman, Breitenbach, Germany; acquired from the collection of Fernand Adda, formed in the 1920s-1930s. The Adda family, originally from Alexandria, formed the majority of their collection in the 1920s-1930s. Abraham Adda (b. circa 1855) had three sons, Victor (b. circa 1885-1965) a collector of coins, Iznik and ancient Egyptian objects; Fernand, a collector of Iznik ceramics, and Joseph. The collection has been situated in Europe since before the Second World War; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10926-181058.

76

Literature Cf. Darkevich, V.P., Secular Art of Byzantium, Moscow, 1975, p.76, for a magnified image of arcading and foliate detailing similar to that on the horn, in a metallic medium, dated 12th century AD; see Institut du monde arabe, L'art copte en Égypte: 2000 ans de Christianisme : exposition présentée à l'Institut du monde arabe, Paris, du 15 mai au 3 septembre 2000, Paris, 2000, p.198, no.225 for an ivory plaque similarly decorated; see Wamser, L., Die Welt von Byzanz - Europas Östliches Erbe, München, 2004, item 406, for a horn or ivory pyxis with broadly similar foliage decoration; cf. Vassilaki, M. et al., Byzantium 330-1453, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 2009, pp.214-215, for very similar scenes in marble. Footnotes This work was possibly made in Egypt by Christian people under Islamic rule. It is strongly influenced by Umayyad iconography, in which art finds inspiration in the botanical world. Christian symbols, such as the vine leaves that populate the surface of this exquisite work and symbolise prosperity, are abundant. The small round grains creep into the branches and are food for peacocks, a symbol of Christ's resurrection. The same motif, in 10th century Umayyad Islamic art, is found in the ivory pyxis of Princess Subh, a prized work of Hispanic-Moorish art preserved in the Municipal Museum of Madrid.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Western Asiatic Also see lots 861 - 1089

Lots 133 - 230 77


133

134

133

SUMERIAN CUNEIFORM CONE 2nd millennium BC A clay peg-shaped tablet with domed top, the body bearing a frieze of impressed cuneiform text. 225 grams, 11.7cm (4½"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Ex Henry Adams; formerly acquired from a shop in Chichester in the 1980s.

134

BABYLONIAN CUNEIFORM TABLET 2nd millennium BC A bifacial pillow-shaped clay tablet, one full face of cuneiform text, one face with partial coverage. 78 grams, 70mm (2¾"). Fine condition, chipped. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance Ex the collection of Mr J.B. since the 1980s; formerly in a UK collection since the 1960s.

135

OLD BABYLONIAN CUNEIFORM TABLET

135

2nd millennium BC A pillow-shaped clay tablet with one face of dense cuneiform text. 126 grams, 66mm (2½"). Fine condition, repaired. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire gentleman; previously acquired on the London, UK, art market before 1992.

136

SUMERIAN PROTO CUNEIFORM TABLET 4th millennium BC A lentoid-section ceramic counting tablet, one face inscribed with simple signs for the numbers. 93 grams, 70mm (2¾"). Fair condition, repaired. Rare. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Part of a specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992, thence by descent to family members; examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; this small collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

136

78

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


137

SUMERIAN PICTOGRAPHIC TABLET 33rd-30th century BC A ceramic pillow-shaped pictographic tablet, inscribed on one face with a two-tiered pictographic grid, the reverse inscribed with two different and randomly placed forms. 127 grams, 81mm (3¼"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240 Provenance Part of a specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992, thence by descent to family members; examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; this small collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10902-180764.

137 Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 1988.433.3 and 1988.433.1, for similar.

138

LARGE SUMERIAN CUNEIFORM TABLET 3rd millennium BC A large bifacial pillow-shaped clay tablet with two dense faces of cuneiform text. 760 grams, 14.3cm (5½"). Fair condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Part of a specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992, thence by descent to family members; examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; this small collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

139

OLD BABYLONIAN TABLET WITH ROYAL HYMN c.19th-17th century BC A bifacial pillow-shaped tablet, accompanied by a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Clay tablet, 84 x 57mm, with Sumerian Literary Text. This tablet has 18 lines of cuneiform script on the obverse, and 7 on the reverse. It is Old Babylonian in date, that is c.1900-1700 B.C., and is not too well preserved, in that not a single line remains complete. The reverse is the least well preserved side. On the obverse one can discern enough to conjecture that this is a royal hymn, probably from the Isin-Larsa period. Lines 12-17 tell how a succession of gods endowed the king being praised with sundry virtues: Translation Sin [the moon-god], prime son of Enlil, [called] him with a magnificent name. Utu [the sungod], great judge of heaven and earth, [...] [endowed him] with justice and uprightness. Father Enki, lord of [...presented him with] extensive wisdom and [...] While at this moment the tablet does not seem of great importance, in due course, if further duplicates are found, it may well help to reconstitute the whole text.' 165 grams, 85mm (3¼"). Fair condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Part of a specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992, thence by descent to family members; examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; this small collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples; accompanied by an original typed and signed scholarly note no.61, written by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10968-180763.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

138

139

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140

SUMERIAN STONE FRAGMENT WITH ROYAL DEDICATION c.22nd-21st century BC A limestone fragment with one face bearing the remains of an engraved royal dedication, accompanied by a handwritten and signed scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham 1970-1993, which states: 'Fragment of stone with remains of royal dedication inscription, probably to a king of the Guti dynasty, c.2200-2100 B.C.' 265 grams, 97mm (4¾"). Fair condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960

140

Provenance Part of a specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992, thence by descent to family members; examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; this small collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples; accompanied by an original handwritten and signed scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham 1970-1993.

141

SUMERIAN UR III CUNEIFORM TABLET 22nd-21st century BC A ceramic oval-shaped tablet, cuneiform inscription to one face. 7.07 grams, 27mm (1"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From an important collection, by descent; seen by Professor Lambert in the 1980-1990s.

141

142

SUMERIAN BULLA ENVELOPE CONTAINING TOKENS Uruk Period, c.55th-31st century BC A sealed spherical clay bulla envelope containing clay tokens which can be heard rattling inside; impressed medial 'chain link' motif and raised-relief zoomorphic designs to the body. 144 grams, 61mm (2½"). Fine condition. Extremely rare. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Part of a specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992, thence by descent to family members; examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; this small collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples; accompanied by an extensive old illustrated cataloguing page.

143

142

OLD BABYLONIAN TERRACOTTA MODEL OFFERING TABLE Early 2nd millennium BC A ceramic model offering table with discoid top and short tripod legs, the upper face with a circlet of fish around a central flower in relief, pellets around. 91.7 grams, 82mm (3¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From an important collection, by descent; seen by Professor Lambert in the 1980-1990s. Literature See a terracotta dish with the same decorative rosette in Woolley, L., Ur excavations volume IX, the Neo-Babylonian and Persian Periods, London, 1962, fig.U.16214. Footnotes The small artefact was presumably a votive for the gods. The rosette motif is interesting as it was widely used by the Babylonians on all the objects of their material culture. The image of a fish is linked with the fish god Dagon, originally a Babylonian fertility god who evolved into a major Northwest Semitic god, reportedly of fish and fishing, a symbol of multiplying.

143

80

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145

146

144

147

144

146

BABYLONIAN FIGURAL TERRACOTTA PLAQUE

MESOPOTAMIAN HAEMATITE CYLINDER SEAL

c.2nd millennium BC

1st millennium BC or earlier

A rectangular ceramic plaque with conical foot to each corner, raised rectangular border enclosing a human figure resting in foetal position. 112 grams, 11.1cm (4¼"). Fair condition, chipped. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex Lincolnshire, UK, collection, 1980s-1990s.

A cylindrical haematite cylinder seal with frieze of winged quadrupeds flying right above and below, framing a geometric motif composed mainly of drilled circles and horizontal lines, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 15.9 grams, 28mm (1"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330

145

Provenance From a Swiss collection, 1970-1990s.

LARGE WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH CONTEST SCENE 2nd-1st millennium BC A limestone cylinder seal with incuse frieze of rearing quadrupeds doing battle, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museumquality impression. 54.9 grams, 39mm (1½"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From the collection of a deceased gentleman, by descent to the family, pre 1988.

Literature Cf. Weber, O., Altorientalische Siegelbilder, Leipzig, 1920, nos.538, 542, 564ff.

147

LARGE WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH FIGURAL SCENE 2nd-1st millennium BC A waisted cylindrical siltstone cylinder seal with contest scene composed of human and animal figures in dynamic poses, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 37.8 grams, 37mm (1½"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance From the collection of a deceased gentleman, by descent to the family, pre 1988.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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148

OLD BABYLONIAN STAMP SEAL WITH COMBAT SCENE 2nd millennium BC A waisted cylindrical black stone cylinder seal, bearing intaglio frieze composed of a standing human figure (bull-man) battling a winged lion and two facing, robed figures, one holding a small animal, a second animal at the feet of the other, the symbols of the sun and moon over their heads, heads and small creatures in the field, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 16.5 grams, 27mm (1"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330 Provenance From a Swiss collection, 1970-1990s. Literature Cf. similar images on seals in Weber, O., Altorientalische Siegelbilder, Leipzig, 1920, no.15,17,110. Footnotes Many similar seals present the same motif, the battle of Gilgamesh or of his friend, the bullman Enkidu, with lion or wild animal. This is the basic scheme of the Gilgamesh images, and the representation is almost completely identical in all cases. The beast being fought is usually a winged lion with bull horns, possibly the monster Humbaba.

149

BABYLONIAN FIGURAL CYLINDER SEAL 1st millennium BC A slender haematite cylinder seal with incuse scene of two robed figures standing facing a central nude female figure standing on a platform, fly and other creature in the field, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 3.77 grams, 19mm (¾"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983.

150

BABYLONIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH WORSHIP SCENE 1st millennium BC A carnelian cylinder seal with frieze composed of worshipping figures, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 4.41 grams, 19mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From the collection of a deceased gentleman, by descent to the family, pre 1988.

151

OLD BABYLONIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH WORSHIP SCENE 2nd millennium BC A serpentine cylinder seal with incuse frieze composed of worshipping figures beside a fire altar, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 21.7 grams, 30mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 830 - 1,060 USD 960 - 1,240 Provenance From the collection of a deceased gentleman, by descent to the family, pre 1988.

152

LARGE SUMERIAN SEAL WITH COW SCENE 3rd-2nd millennium BC A rare pink and black mottled stone cylinder seal with incuse frieze composed of cows standing amongst buildings, characters or symbols in rectangular panels in the field, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 40.3 grams, 41mm (1½"). Very fine condition. Extremely rare stone in a bright colours. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 7,100 - 9,470 USD 8,240 - 10,980

82

Provenance From the collection of a deceased gentleman, by descent to the family, pre 1988; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11013-181787.

153

WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH CONTEST SCENE 2nd-1st millennium BC A cylinder seal produced from shell, with incuse frieze depicting contest scenes, composed of a rearing lion fighting a human-headed goat, a goat seated on a barrel being attacked by a winged quadruped, a naked human male figure at either end, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 18.8 grams, 29mm (1"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From the collection of a deceased gentleman, by descent to the family, pre 1988.

154

WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH WORSHIP SCENE 2nd-1st millennium BC A carved jasper cylinder seal with frieze composed of worshipping figures holding ceremonial standards, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 9.44 grams, 30mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the collection of a deceased gentleman, by descent to the family, pre 1988.

155

MITANNI CYLINDER SEAL 2nd millennium BC A jasper cylinder seal with incuse frieze composed of human and animal figures in dynamic poses, some winged, crescents in the field, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 18.2 grams, 40mm (1½"). Fair condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the collection of a deceased gentleman, by descent to the family, pre 1988.

156

LARGE JEMDET NASR TYPE CYLINDER SEAL 3rd millennium BC A limestone cylinder seal with collared terminals and deep incuse design composed of wavy lines filled with geometric motifs, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 34.8 grams, 65mm (2½"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the collection of a deceased gentleman, by descent to the family, pre 1988.

157

WESTERN ASIATIC BARREL-SHAPED STAMP SEAL PENDANT c.10th-7th century BC A limestone stamp seal pendant with cylindrical body, incuse motif of a stylised quadruped to the base, a frieze of standing figures flanked by the accoutrements of worship around the body, suspension loop above; accompanied by two museum-quality impressions. 6.83 grams, 30mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


148

153

149

154

150

155

151

156

152

157

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

83


158

WESTERN ASIATIC BARREL-SHAPED STAMP SEAL PENDANT c.10th-7th century BC A limestone stamp seal pendant with cylindrical body, incuse winged quadruped advancing left to base, crescent above, the body bearing a frieze of standing winged human figures with animal heads, trees and pellets in the field, crescents above, suspension loop above; accompanied by two museum-quality impressions. 7.63 grams, 32mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

159

WESTERN ASIATIC BARREL-SHAPED STAMP SEAL PENDANT c.10th-7th century BC A jasper stamp seal pendant with cylindrical body, incuse motif of a winged bird-like creature to base, stylised winged creatures and plants to the body, suspension loop above; accompanied by two museum-quality impressions. 5.55 grams, 24mm (1"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s. Literature Cf. Collon, D., Near Eastern Seals, London, 1990, p.17, for similar.

160

Literature Cf. Collon, D., Near Eastern Seals, London, 1990, p.17, for similar.

163

WESTERN ASIATIC BARREL-SHAPED STAMP SEAL PENDANT c.10th-7th century BC A limestone stamp seal pendant with cylindrical body, incuse winged quadruped advancing left, solar symbol above to base, the body with frieze of winged and wingless quadrupeds advancing left, pellets and solar symbols in the field, suspension loop above; accompanied by two museum-quality impressions. 11.6 grams, 33mm (1¼"). Fair condition, damage to one side of body. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

164

WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDRICAL STAMP SEAL PENDANT c.10th-7th century BC A serpentine barrel-shaped stamp and cylinder seal pendant, bearing a couchant winged horse beneath a crescent to the base, the body with a frieze of altars, a fire altar and a standing figure, suspension loop above; accompanied by two museum-quality impressions. 4.06 grams, 25mm (1"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

WESTERN ASIATIC BARREL-SHAPED STAMP SEAL PENDANT c.10th-7th century BC A serpentine seal pendant with cylindrical body, incuse abstract creature motif to the base, standing human figures walking right to the body, abstract objects in the field, suspension loop above; accompanied by two museum-quality impressions. 4.46 grams, 24mm (1"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s. Literature Cf. Collon, D., Near Eastern Seals, London, 1990, p.17, for similar.

Literature Cf. Collon, D., Near Eastern Seals, London, 1990, p.17, for similar.

165

WESTERN ASIATIC BARREL-SHAPED STAMP SEAL PENDANT 2nd millennium BC A ceramic barrel-shaped stamp and cylinder seal with abstract incuse motifs to the base and in high-relief around the body; suspension loop above; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 2.8 grams, 23mm (1"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

161

WESTERN ASIATIC BARREL-SHAPED STAMP SEAL PENDANT c.10th-7th century BC

166

WESTERN ASIATIC BARREL-SHAPED STAMP SEAL PENDANT c.10th-7th century BC

A serpentine seal pendant with cylindrical body, the base with an incuse motif of a horned and winged quadruped, crescent above, the body with a worship scene showing a winged human figure kneeling at a fire altar, alongside additional features, suspension loop above; accompanied by two museum-quality impressions. 5.6 grams, 25mm (1"). Fine condition, damage to one section of the wall. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960

A limestone stamp seal pendant with cylindrical body, incuse couchant lion motif to base, crescent above, the body bearing a frieze of stylised lions amid plants between a register of triangles and a plain line, suspension loop above; accompanied by two museumquality impressions. 11.1 grams, 35mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960

Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

Literature Cf. Collon, D., Near Eastern Seals, London, 1990, p.17, for similar.

167

162

WESTERN ASIATIC BARREL-SHAPED STAMP SEAL PENDANT c.10th-7th century BC A serpentine stamp seal pendant with incuse motif to base of a winged quadruped advancing left, a procession of winged creatures with bird-like heads, a quadruped's legs and feathery tail advancing right around the body, crescent above between, suspension loop above; accompanied by two museum-quality impressions. 5.65 grams, 27mm (1"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

84

WESTERN ASIATIC BARREL-SHAPED STAMP SEAL PENDANT c.10th-7th century BC A serpentine stamp seal pendant with tapering rectangular-section body, incuse horned quadruped galloping left to base, crescent above, four individual panels bearing incuse motifs around body: an altar with crescentic icon above; a fire altar; two standards flanking a weapon(?); a standing figure, suspension loop above; accompanied by a museum-quality impression of base and walls. 8.77 grams, 35mm (1¼"). Fine condition, damage to figural panel. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


158

163

164 159

165 160

166 161

162

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

167

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168

LARGE MESOPOTAMIAN STAMP SEAL WITH HORSE AND FISH c.2nd millennium BC A black limestone stamp seal with domed body and handle, pierced at the neck for suspension, the base possibly re-engraved with incuse horse at the centre within a roundel of fish swimming clockwise, pellets and crescent in the field. 65 grams, 45mm (1¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960

168

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; acquired in Austria in 1993; previously in the Trimbacher collection; formerly acquired in Germany in 1980.

169

WESTERN ASIATIC ROCK CRYSTAL STAMP SEAL WITH HEAD c.1st millennium BC A scaraboid rock crystal stamp seal bearing intaglio male bust facing left, full beard and laureate crown, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 3.6 grams, 16mm (¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983.

169

170

SASSANIAN CHALCEDONY SEAL RING WITH GAY MARD c.6th century AD A carved chalcedony 'ring' bearing an incuse image of the mythical Gay mard, standing with legs and arms spread, holding a spear in each hand, wearing a mask with pointed ears, a rabbit running below; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 23.5 grams, 30mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired from Christie’s, London, 21 April 1999, lot 11 (£3,000-£4,000); accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note, by the late Adrian Hugh David Bivar, Professor of Iranian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London and by copies of the relevant Christie’s catalogue pages.

170

Literature Cf. Bivar, A.D.H., Catalogue of Western Asiatic Seals: Stamp Seals: The Sassanian Dynasty, The British Museum, London, 1969, p.58, pl.6; cf. E. Gubel edn., A l'ombre de Babel: l'art du Proche-Orient Ancien dans les collections belges, Banque Bruxelles Lambert, 1995, p.127, no.250, for a stamp seal with identical figure; cf. Volk, J.G., Habib Anavian Collection: Ancient Near Eastern Cylinder and Stamp Seals from the Early 6th Millennium BC to 651 AD, New York, 1979, nos.304-305. Footnotes The talismanic 'Gay mard' figure represents the constellation of Orion and his companion is Canis Major.

171

WESTERN ASIATIC PAZUZU HEAD 'LAMASHTU, DAUGHTER OF AN'

WITH

INCANTATION

c.8th-7th century BC A chalcedony pendant or amulet modelled as the demon god Pazuzu with a pillow-shaped body and monstrous head with horns, bald pate, almond-shaped eyes, feline whiskered snout and grimacing mouth exposing sharp fangs, thick cross-hatched beard, pierced through the neck for suspension; an incantation in three rows of cuneiform text engraved on the reverse reading: 'Lamashtu, Daughter of An'. 14.3 grams, 30mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; acquired on the German art market prior to 1993; accompanied by scholarly note TL 05395 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10986-181181.

171

86

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


172

173

174

175

172

174

NEO-BABYLONIAN FEMALE FIGURE

ELAMITE FEMALE IDOL

7th-6th century BC

1st millennium BC

A bronze figure modelled in the round as a standing female, hands clasped in front of the body at the chest, wearing a headpiece and robe tied at the waist, semi-naturalistic detailing to the face, additional detailing to the garments; three suspension loops to the reverse, one with a free-running bronze ring attached; accompanied by a custommade display stand. 310 grams total, 17.5cm including stand (7"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370

A bronze idol formed as a standing female figure wearing a long collared garment, feet protruding from beneath, long arms held by sides with oversized hands, fingers outstretched, detailing to the long face and dressed hair or headdress; suspension loop to rear of head. 45.3 grams, 83mm (3¼"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

Provenance From a deceased gentleman, London/Israel collection, 1970-1999.

173

AMLASH FEMALE IDOL WITH CHILD 1st millennium BC A bronze 'birthing' idol formed as a standing female figure wearing a long collared garment, detailing to the long face and dressed hair or headdress; one arm and hand held at the waist, the other held to the side of the body, openwork panel in her robe depicting a child; suspension loop to rear of head. 37.3 grams, 86mm (3½"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s. Literature Cf. Mooney, P.R.S., Ancient Persian Bronzes in the Adam Collection. Faber & Faber, 1974, p. 163, fig. 144, for a stylistically similar example.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s. Literature Cf. Mooney, P.R.S., Ancient Persian Bronzes in the Adam Collection. Faber & Faber, 1974, p. 163, fig. 144, for a stylistically similar example.

175

HITTITE STANDING GOD 1st millennium BC A bronze figure modelled standing, arms at right angles just above the waist, hands extended with open palms, facing each other, long, slender neck and stylised human face with recessed lentoid eyes, seemingly wearing a full-length garment; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 235 grams total, 19cm including stand (7½"). Fair condition, some restoration. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From a deceased gentleman, London/Israel collection, 1970-1999.

87


177 176

178

176

BACTRIAN STANDING FEMALE FIGURE 1st millennium BC A bronze figure modelled in the round as a standing figure with broad shoulders and torso, small breasts, long garment, feet placed together and protruding beneath the hem, arms bent upwards at the elbow, hands outstretched with palms facing, oval-shaped head with detailing to the lentoid-shaped eyes, ears, broad nose and thin-lipped mouth, hair falling straight down the back. 162 grams, 70mm (2¾"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

177

SOUTH ARABIAN INSCRIBED CAMEL FIGURINE Later 1st millennium BC A bronze camel modelled standing in the round, stylised facial detailing, text inscribed to one side of the body; remains of attachment lugs to the feet. 135 grams, 10.6cm (4¼"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960

88

Provenance From a deceased gentleman, London/Israel collection, 1970-1999. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number 102480, for comparable.

178

ELAMITE BOWL STAND WITH IBEXES Late 3rd-early 2nd millennium BC A bronze bowl stand with openwork cylindrical body comprising a pair of round-section hoops, two panels consisting of an X-framed by two vertical struts, a pair of ibex modelled in the round walking right, anatomical detailing to the animals. 1.4 kg, 21cm (8¼"). Fair condition, repaired. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 7,100 - 9,470 USD 8,240 - 10,980 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10889-179771. Literature Cf. Mahboubian Gallery, Elam: Art and Civilization of Ancient Iran 3000-2000 BC, UK, 2004, p.18, item 3, for a comparable vessel stand with dogs pursuing deer.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


179

ACHAEMENID GILT RAM TERMINAL c.8th-7th century BC A bronze terminal formed as a ram's head, modelled in the round with short horns curled to the rear of the head, circular eyes, and detailing to the muzzle and remaining ear; tapering sub-circular body with stepped collars, incised horizontal and vertical bands, a circular piercing and remains of a rivet to the base, rectangular-section bar at right angles to the terminal, with an iron element towards the end; remains of gilding. 117 grams, 10.1cm (4"). Fair condition, wear and some damage. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370

179

Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 32.161.32, for similarly modelled rams.

180

AMLASH BRONZE MIRROR 1st millennium BC A bronze mirror with discoid body, remains of tinning to the front face, the reverse with sub-circular wreath composed of curved zigzags, waisted stem incised with chevrons to both faces, domed base with hatched lines to upper face and base. 135 grams, 11.5cm (4½"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820

180

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously in a UK private collection before 2000.

181

LARGE WESTERN ASIATIC FILIGREE DECORATED PIN 2nd-1st millennium BC A large bronze pin with tapering round-section stem, flattening towards the head and continuing with raised annulet ornament followed by openwork squares, large radial head composed of concentric circles of openwork geometric motifs, trumpet-shaped finial. 162 grams, 31.5cm (12½"). Fair condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Ex important Japanese collection, 1970s-2010.

182

LURISTAN GEOMETRIC CAGE PENDANT COLLECTION 13th-6th century BC A mixed group of three bronze cage pendants comprising: one ellipsoidal with a medial frieze of circular motifs, straps above and below, suspension loop above and domed finial below; a biconical example with straps ornamented with notches and pellets, openwork piriform motifs between, suspension loop above; a smaller biconical pendant with studs at the strap junctions, loop to one arm with phallic dangle, suspension loop above. 72 grams total, 60-85mm (2¼ - 3¼"). Fine condition. [3] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

181

Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

182

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

89


183

183

LARGE PROTO-ACHAEMENID SILVER PHIALE MESOMPHALOS 8th-5th century BC A large sheet-silver phiale with squat D-section wall and everted rim, decorated using repoussé technique, with an outer circle of lotus petals and inner circle of petals and buds joined by swag-like vines, central flower within a roundel. 65 grams, 29.5cm (11½"). Fine condition, small tears and holes. £7,000 - 9,000 EUR 8,280 - 10,650 USD 9,610 - 12,360 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously with Cahn Auktionen AG, Basel, Switzerland, 13 November 2015, lot 39 (CHF 18,000); formerly acquired on the German art market in 1980; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10911-180802. Literature Cf. Godard, A., The Art of Iran, London, 1965, p.93, fig.114, for a similar motif on an item of treasure found in the Ziwiya treasure hoard.

184

ELAMITE SILVER REPOUSSÉ BOWL 1st millennium BC or earlier 184

A sheet-silver bowl with conical profile, flared neck and rim, ornamented with a circumferential band of recessed circles to the rim, two tiers of vertical lines with continuous horizontal lines between, above and below, pellets around the base, in repoussé technique. 85 grams, 15cm (6"). Fair condition, splits and creases. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From the collection of a gentleman; formerly with Modjallal Iradj, Boulogne, France, in 1971.

90

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


185

185

SASSANIAN BULB-SHAPED SILVER BOTTLE 7th century AD A silver vessel with piriform body, everted D-section neck, flat rim, circular piercing to the rounded base. 479 grams, 17cm (6¾"). Very fine condition, dent to body. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,830 - 16,570 USD 13,730 - 19,220 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10947-181165.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See for similar decorated examples BM inventory nos.1897,1231.189; Arthur M. Sackler Gallery no. DSC05785 and DSC05779; for discussion on these vessels see Ghirsman, R., 'Notes Iraniennes V Scènes de banquet sur l'argenterie sassanide' in Source: Artibus Asiae, Vol. 16, no.1/2 (1953), pp.4, 51-76, figs.5, 6, 7, 9. Footnotes This silver bottle is characteristic of late Sassanid goldsmithing, a fine example of the luxuries displayed during royal or religious banquets. These banquets were organised on the occasion of festivals, the most important of which under the Sassanids were those of Nowrouz and Mihrgan, intended to mark the happy outcome of a war or a successful royal hunt, at which rich tableware of gold and silver was used. Admired in the royal palace and in stately homes by guests, these vessels attested the glory of the Š hanš h (King of kings).

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186

AKKADIAN SILVER PLAQUE WITH GILGAMESH 1st millennium BC A rectangular silver plaque bearing a repoussé image of Gilgamesh standing facing, arms reaching upwards at a 45 degree angle to the body, detailing to his horns, face, muscular torso and calves, wrap around the waist, bell-shaped symbol between his legs, low-relief pelletted border above and below; three applied tubular loops to the perimeter. 4.57 grams, 55mm (2¼"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920

186

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; previously in the collection of Mrs Petra Schamelman, Breitenbach, Germany; acquired from the collection of Fernand Adda, formed in the 1920s-1930s. The Adda family, originally from Alexandria, formed the majority of their collection in the 1920s-1930s. Abraham Adda (b. circa 1855) had three sons, Victor (b. circa 1885-1965) a collector of coins, Iznik and ancient Egyptian objects; Fernand, a collector of Iznik ceramics, and Joseph. The collection has been situated in Europe since before the Second World War. Footnotes Possibly a pendant or furniture element.

187

WESTERN ASIATIC SILVER STANDING IDOL c.1st millennium BC A freestanding sheet-silver idol of a standing human figure, anatomical features in repoussé technique, applied pellet eyes and twisted wire embellishing the headdress, attached to a vertical rectangular plaque, standing on a second square plaque with notched edges, remains of an offering vessel(?) at the feet. 14.2 grams, 39mm (1½"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the Robin Symes gallery, Mayfair, UK, before 1999.

188

ACHAEMENID SILVER BRACELET WITH PALMETTES 6th-4th century BC

187

A silver penannular bracelet with flat-section hoop, sub-triangular in plan, scalloped shell ornament to the terminals, joined by a series of horizontal grooves around the body. 80 grams, 55mm (2¼"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously in a UK private collection before 2000.

189

ELAMITE SILVER PENDANT NECKLACE 2nd-early 1st millennium BC and later A restrung designer bead necklace with silver pendant composed of carnelian facetted bicone beads interspersed with lapis lazuli spacer beads in the upper part, the lower part with two strings composed of facetted silver beads, one with square recesses, facetted stone beads and a large silver bulbous bodied ribbed pendant decorated with columns of chevrons and dashed lines, a fan-shaped finial and ribbed suspension loop. 113 grams, 48cm (19"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10958-179746.

188

92

Literature See Maxwell-Hyslop, K.R., Western Asiatic Jewellery, c.3000-612 BC, London, 1971, p.8-10, and pl.12, for bead types typical of this period, examples of which can be seen in the necklace offered here; see fig.127, for comparable flared terminal on a different type of jewellery item.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


189 190

ELAMITE SILVER BIRD PENDANT 2nd millennium BC A silver pendant in the form of a swallow in flight, the upper face recessed and set with replaced jet, limestone and gold inlay; slender tubular suspension loop to reverse of wing. 19 grams, 68mm (2¾"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10959-179749.

190 191

ELAMITE SILVER PENDANT WITH INLAID GEMSTONES 3rd-2nd millennium BC A heavy silver pendant, the front face divided into five vertical columns, three set with replaced square and triangular polished stones consisting of carnelian and haematite, punctuated by two set with domed lapis lazuli; corrugated reverse; two ribbed suspension loops above. 94 grams, 73mm (3"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10933-179748.

192

PROTO-ELAMITE SILVER DOUBLE BIRD PENDANT Late 4th-early 3rd millennium BC

191

A silver pendant in the form of two birds facing, with plump bodies and small heads covered by gold cladding with bands of geometric decoration at the neck, breast and tail over a bituminous fill, a heartshaped insert between, two opposed bird's heads with large eyes, slender tubular suspension loop; plain reverse. 19.9 grams, 71mm (2¾"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10960-179750. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 1989.281.23a, b, for a similar pendant dated 3100-2900 BC.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

192

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193

193

LATE SASSANIAN GILT SILVER BELT FITTING GROUP 6th-7th century AD A group of parcel-gilt belt mounts comprising: one larger counter plate with scooped forward edge, reserved scene of lion attacking a bull, enclosed within borders containing scrolled foliate motifs and birds, the animals with detailing to the bodies and faces including a dense curly mane and whiskers, pierced in three places along the edges to accept attachment rivets; two smaller mounts, each presenting a standing bird within a border and pierced in three places to accept attachment lugs, a ribbed suspension loop and round-section ring below; accompanied by a vintage presentation case. 36.7 grams total, 46-69mm (box:13 x 8cm) (1¾ - 2¾ (5 x 3)"). Fine condition. [3] £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,920 - 8,280 USD 6,860 - 9,610 Provenance From an important London W1, gallery; previously in the Ligabue collection; formerly part of the Elie Borowski collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10695-174286.

194

URARTU SILVER BRACELET WITH ANIMAL HEADS 9th-6th century BC A silver round-section penannular bracelet with opposed beast-head terminals. 79 grams, 77mm (3"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 194

Provenance From a deceased gentleman, London/Israel collection, 1970-1999. Literature See The British Museum, 'Annual Report of the General Progress of the Museums for the year 1936' in Natural History, 1937, pp.10-11, accession no.1936,0613.188.

94

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


195

196

197

198

195

197

ACHAEMENID SILVER ANIMAL-HEAD BRACELET

ELAMITE BOWL WITH GOLD CENTRAL ROUNDEL

6th-4th century BC

2nd-1st millennium BC

A penannular silver zoomorphic bracelet with round-section hoop and terminals formed as opposed antelope heads, with long snouts and ears, detailing to the muzzles, eyes, ears and coats, geometric collar at each neck. 41.7 grams, 64mm (2½"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

A highly tinned hemispherical bronze bowl with D-section wall and rounded base, possibly later sheet-gold roundel to the internal base with raised dome, embellished with geometric motifs. 500 grams, 14cm (5½"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously in a UK private collection before 2000.

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10984-181170.

196

URARTU SILVER LION-HEAD BRACELET 10th-7th century BC

198

A penannular silver bracelet, round-section hoop expanding to Dsection terminals formed as stylised opposed lion heads, with detailing to the eyes, ears and manes. 24.9 grams, 48mm (2"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

6th-4th century BC

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously in a UK private collection before 2000.

ACHAEMENID LOTUS PHIALE MESOMPHALOS

A substantial sheet-bronze phiale with squat body, everted rim, central mesomphalos and lotus flower ornament in repoussé technique, with deep petals. 253 grams, 23cm (9"). Very fine condition, exceptional patination. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10957-179742. Literature Cf. Harvard Art Museums, object number 1979.357, for similar; see Godard, F., The Art of Iran, London, 1965, for discussion. Footnotes Phiale mesomphaloi (literally meaning 'bowls with central bosses') were the most popular form of vessel and were produced in a number of materials, including clay, bronze, silver and gold. They are a distinctive type of Achaemenid tableware, made by hammering or raising sheet metal, with decoration added in repoussé. They were used in banquets held by the nobility and for pouring libations at religious festivals. Phiales of this kind were a common gift from the Achaemenid king to the nobility which helped cement alliances among the different tribes of the Empire.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

95


199

ACHAEMENID LOTUS PHIALE MESOMPHALOS 5th-4th century BC

199

A sheet-metal phiale with squat body, broad rim, central mesomphalos and lotus petal decoration in repoussé technique. 285 grams, 18.5cm (7¼"). Fair condition, repaired. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s. Footnotes Phiale mesomphaloi (literally: bowl with central boss) were the most popular form of vessel and were produced in a number of materials, including clay, bronze, silver and gold. They are a distinctive type of Achaemenid tableware, made by hammering or raising sheet metal, with decoration added in repoussé. They were used in banquets held by the nobility and for pouring libations at religious festivals. Phiales of this kind were a common gift from the Achaemenid king to the nobility which helped cement alliances among the different tribes of the Empire. The central boss to the underside allowed the user to secure their fingers and ensure a solid grip whilst drinking or pouring.

200

ACHAEMENID PHIALE MESOMPHALOS 5th-4th century BC

200

A sheet-bronze bowl with squat body, central mesomphalos surrounded by graduated repoussé ovoids. 213 grams, 17cm (6¾"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s. Footnotes Phiale mesomphaloi (literally: bowl with central boss) were the most popular form of vessel and were produced in a number of materials, including clay, bronze, silver and gold. They are a distinctive type of Achaemenid tableware, made by hammering or raising sheet metal, with decoration added in repoussé. They were used in banquets held by the nobility and for pouring libations at religious festivals. Phiales of this kind were a common gift from the Achaemenid king to the nobility which helped cement alliances among the different tribes of the Empire. The central boss to the underside allowed the user to secure their fingers and ensure a solid grip whilst drinking or pouring.

201

LURISTAN BRONZE BOWL 13th-6th century BC 201

A shallow bronze bowl with squat body and convex base. 220 grams, 15.8cm (6½"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously in an Oxford, UK, collection; acquired in the 1980s.

202

URARTU BRONZE CHALICE 6th-4th century BC A bronze chalice with pedestal foot, bowl with squat body and deep everted rim, small raised omphalos to the internal base. 307 grams, 14.1cm (5½"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of a London gallery; ex Parthenon Gallery; 1990s UK collection.

202

96

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


203

HOLY LAND CHOCOLATE-ON-WHITE WARE JAR Early 17th-14th century BC An exceptional terracotta chocolate-on-white ware jug or jar with carinated body, cylindrical neck, integral m-section handle to one side, everted rim and discoid foot, circumferential chocolate-brown or redbrown painted wavy band between plain borders at the shoulder, solid-fill chevrons above, two panels of four horizontal lines flanking the handle, vertical lines between plain bands around the rim. 1.9 kg, 27cm (10¾"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance Ex deceased gentleman by descent to family, London and Geneva, pre 1988; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report, sample no. N121m27, from Oxford Authentication and this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10997-181602.

203

Literature Cf. Amiran, R., Ancient Pottery of the Holy Land, Israel, 1969, p.159, items 153 and 155, for similar.

204

LARGE TEPE SIALK VESSEL WITH BIRDS 9th-8th century BC A substantial ochre-coloured vessel with globular body and flat base, short spout with loop handle above, larger strap handle opposite; decorated in reddish-brown with large chequered lozenge band at the top on either side; on side one: a wide band of three triangles, each containing several birds of various sizes; on side two: a complex geometric design of graduating triangles, with two scrolls, a bird and two stylised trees. 2.8 kg, 29cm (11½"). Fine condition, chip to spout. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,130 - 2,840 USD 2,470 - 3,290 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10553-170855.

204 205

WESTERN ASIATIC POTTERY RHYTON 1st millennium BC An early Parthian ceramic rhyton with a restored elliptical bell-shaped body, earlier u-section spout, imitating a stylised bird, a restored ibex head embellishment to the top with notched horns, recessed eyes and gaping mouth, incised human face to the back of the ram's head, loop to base of vessel neck. 2 kg, 36cm (14¼"). Fair condition, a marriage. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously with Bonhams; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; accompanied by an old gallery stock ticket. Literature Cf. Mahboubian, H., Elam Art and Civilization of Ancient Iran 3000-2000 BC, England, 2004, p.19, item 8, for this genre of pouring vessels in a different medium.

205

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

97


206

ARAMAIC TERRACOTTA MAGIC BOWL BEARING INCANTATION 4th-8th century AD A conical ceramic bowl, the inner face with concentric rings of inked Aramaic magical text. 294 grams, 15.5cm (6"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From an important collection, by descent; seen by Professor Lambert in the 1980-1990s

206

Footnotes Aramaic incantation bowls are particular to the Sassanian period and have been found in regions of modern Iraq. These simple ceramic bowls, also known as magic bowls, each contain an Aramaic inscription, written in ink, which spirals from the centre. The bowls seem to have played an important part in domestic life. For example, during excavation in Nippur in 1889, one or more incantation bowls were found in each house together with domestic artefacts, most often in doorways or under floorboards in the corner of rooms. The bowls are predominantly apotropaic, and the inscriptions tend to protect their owners from misfortunes such as those faced in child-birth, illness and evil spirits.

207

ANATOLIAN RED BURNISHED POTTERY VESSEL 2nd millennium BC A substantial ceramic storage vessel with piriform body, waisted neck and everted rim, painted with a circumferential band of chevrons, with chevron fill. 4.9 kg, 36cm (14¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance Property of an English gentleman; formerly the property of a Munich collector; previously acquired before 1990. Literature Cf. Çilingiro lu, A., The Second Millennium Painted Pottery Tradition of the Van Lake Basin, in Anatolian Studies, vol. 34, 1984, pp.129-139.

208

OLD BABYLONIAN TERRACOTTA JAR WITH DECORATION AND INLAY c.2000-1800 BC 207

A grey clay jar, accompanied by a copy of a handwritten and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Clay vessel, rounded base with skirting support, the sides slightly incurving to big outcurving (sic) rim, four lugs. Decorated with incised bird, boat and gazelle, within elaborate designs. Old Babylonian, c.2000-1800 B.C. Very good condition.'; the boat and gazelle are no longer visible within the geometric panels adorning the body of the vessel, the external wall of the vessel, pierced with four holes, extends beyond the u-section interior base. 278 grams, 10.2cm (4"). Fair condition, chipped. Extremely rare. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Ex Family collection by descent 1988; accompanied by a copy of a handwritten and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993.

208

98

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


209

209

ASSYRIAN FAIENCE LIDDED VESSEL WITH BUCRANIA 8th-6th century BC A faience vessel and lid comprising: bowl with horizontal bands and lotus-flower to the underside, lateral trapezoidal plates supported by bucrania, pierced vertically; glass propeller-shaped lid with concentric rings, pierced to connect with the sockets in the bowl. 270 grams, 12.2cm (4¾"). Fine condition, repaired. Very rare. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 14,200 - 20,120 USD 16,470 - 23,340 Provenance From an important London W1, collection; formerly with Elie Borowski, 10 April 1985; accompanied by a copy of Italian cultural export licence number 3911; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10989-181282. Footnotes Elie Borowski's expansive collection of Middle Eastern artefacts formed the majority of Jerusalem's Bible Lands Museum, which he founded in 1992. The museum's holdings trace the development of religious beliefs and practice in the region from the beginnings of civilisation to the Christian era. Following the Second World War, Borowski studied at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, eventually becoming an expert on ancient art of the Biblical period. He later moved to Basel, Switzerland, where he became a successful art and antiquities dealer. He died at the age of 89 at his home in Jerusalem.

209

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

99


210

SOUTH ARABIAN SEATED GOD FIGURE 2nd-1st millennium BC A carved oolitic limestone figure modelled as an enthroned deity with semi-naturalistic detailing to the hair and face, stylised hands held out at the chest, bare feet, piercings through the nose and ears. 2.7 kg, 24.5cm (9¾"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From the S.A. collection, London, UK, 1990s. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum numbers 122005 and 122008, for similar.

211

BACTRIAN PRINCESS IDOL TORSO

210

3rd-early 2nd millennium BC A chlorite figure modelled as a female standing wearing a floor-length robe with incised herringbone pattern, arms held at the front of the body and hands palm-upwards; shallow mounting socket for a separate head. 994 grams, 12cm (4¾"). Fair condition; one shoulder abraided. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Property of an East Sussex gentleman; acquired from the private collection of John Watson, Cambridge, UK, who worked for the Anthropology and Archaeology Museum, Downing Street, Cambridge; collected between the 1970s and 1980s. Literature Similar item (lacking hands) is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art under accession no.1989.281.41.

212

ANATOLIAN KILIA HEAD

211

3rd millennium BC A carved stone Kilia 'star gazer' idol head; mounted on a custommade stand. 152 grams total, 11cm including stand (4¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From a private English collection, acquired 1987. Literature See von Bothmer, D., Glories of the Past: Ancient Art from the Shelby White and Leon Levy Collection, New York, 1990. Footnotes In the 3rd millennium BC, female figures were produced throughout the Mediterranean, including the area of modern Turkey previously known as Anatolia. These figures represent a highly stylised standing nude female with flipper-like arms. Her bulbous head, long neck, and flat body are characteristic of the Kilia type of female figurines, named after the village in Turkey where the first examples were found. The facial features are only schematically rendered, but areas such as the eyes would originally have been enhanced by paint; in contrast, the ears and nose are defined in carving. Chalcolithic female figures were probably connected with the cult of a fertility goddess; in a number of examples the pubic area is emphasised.

212

213

SOUTH ARABIAN STANDING BULL c.1st-3rd century AD An alabaster bull carved in the round, standing on a rectangular plinth, with exaggerated stocky shoulders, angular tail hanging between hind legs, detailing to horns, face and hooves. 840 grams, 14cm (5½"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,130 - 2,840 USD 2,470 - 3,290 Provenance Property of a central London gentleman; previously with Pierre Bergé & Associés, Paris, France, 30 May 2015, lot 134 (4,000-4,500 euros); formerly in the private collection of Mrs Janssens, Belgium; the collection having been formed in the 1970s; accompanied with copies of the relevant Pierre Bergé & Associés catalogue pages.

213

100

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214

MESOPOTAMIAN ALABASTER OFFERING VESSEL Mid 3rd millennium BC A carved stone offering vessel with shallow horn-shaped body with angular profile, ram's head spout with detailing to the horns and ears, recessed eyes and hollow circular mouth from which liquid could be poured; convex base. 72 grams, 10.6cm (4¼"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From an important North West London collection; acquired Bonhams 25 April 2012, lot 149; previously in an Australian private collection, by descent from the owner's grandmother who acquired it in the 1950s; accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages.

214

215

SUMERIAN VESSEL WITH ANIMAL FRIEZE 4th-3rd millennium BC A carved stone cup with piriform body and rolled discoid foot, the body decorated with a frieze of animals in high-relief, including a lion pouncing on a horned ibex, followed by a second ibex. 560 grams, 96mm (3¾"). Fine condition, rim chipped in antiquity. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From an important collection, by descent; seen by Professor Lambert in the 1980-1990s.

216

MESOPOTAMIAN LIMESTONE VESSEL 1st millennium BC A limestone vessel with gently tapering sidewalls, the outer face carved with dense rows of scale-like panels, a raised circumferential band just below the median line, rounded vessel lip. 312 grams, 85mm (3¼"). Fine condition; base chipped. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,130 - 2,840 USD 2,470 - 3,290

215

Provenance From an important London W1, collection; ex Charles Ede Ltd., Three Kings' Yard, Davies St, London, W1.

217

BACTRIAN CARVED VESSEL GROUP 2nd millennium BC A group of three stone vessels comprising: one with globular body with asymmetrical rim and red-coloured banding; one ovoid vessel with flat rim and red banding around the body; one roughly piriform vessel with inverted rim. 1.5 kg total, 7.1-10.6cm (2¾ - 4¼"). Fine condition. [3] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From an important North West London collection; acquired in the late 1980searly 1990s.

216

217

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

101


218

ELAMITE NECKLACE WITH GOLD CUP PENDANTS 2nd millennium BC A restrung necklace composed of carnelian, lapis lazuli and gold beads including tubular, biconical, square tube, carinated and hourglass types together with four sheet-gold conical beads with enamel fill to base mirroring the central pendant, also a hollow sheetgold cone; hook-and-eye clasp. 41.26 grams, 50cm (19¾"). Fine condition, some wear. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 218

Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10961-179776.

219

WESTERN ASIATIC CARNELIAN AND GOLD BEAD NECKLACE Mainly 1st millennium BC A restrung designer necklace composed of graduated biconical and tubular carnelian beads, interspersed with later sheet-gold spacer beads with granulated collars, a banded agate bead to the centre; modern hook-and-eye clasp. 39.7 grams, 48cm (19"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,130 - 2,840 USD 2,470 - 3,290 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

220

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD EARRING PAIR 2nd-1st millennium BC

219

A pair of electrum gold earrings, each composed of a sheet-gold usection crescent with D-section wall and slender ear wire. 4.29 grams total, 49-54mm (2"). Fair condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

221

SASSANIAN GOLD EARRINGS WITH FLOWER DROPS 3rd-7th century AD A pair of gold earrings, each comprising intertwined hoops, an openwork chain and three piriform cells placed back to back to form a flower, non-identical. 2.88 grams total, 53mm each (2"). Fair condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

220

222

SASSANIAN GOLD EARRINGS WITH FLOWER DROPS 3rd-7th century AD A gold earring pair, each comprising a slender round-section penannular hoop with coiled wire sleeves and granule ornament, loop below, square-section chain with dangle composed of three piriform cells oriented back-to-back, forming a stylised flower. 3.11 grams total, 48-49mm (2"). Fair condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

221

102

222

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223

SASSANIAN GOLD BIRD PENDANT WITH BEAD DROPS 3rd-7th century AD A gold pendant formed as a bird flying left, detailing to the head, eye, body and tail in repoussé, three loops below with green, yellow and blue glass beads suspended on slender wire dangles, ribbed suspension loop above. 2.93 grams, 34mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s.

223

224

MESOPOTAMIAN PYRAMIDAL PENDANT WITH BEADS 2nd-1st millennium BC A gold pyramidal pendant with gold wire body, applied piriform cell to each corner, flange collar above, globular polished garnet bead, granulated plinth base with pyramid clusters, loop below with spherical bead dangle; suspension loop above. 4.50 grams, 42mm (1½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Ex important Japanese collection of jewellery, 1970s-2010.

225

224

BACTRIAN DECORATED GOLD DISH 3rd millennium BC A dish or bowl raised from a single gold sheet, free-hand zigzag motifs around the neck, circumferential band of pellets above, small suspension loop to the internal base. 22.27 grams, 69mm (2¾"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750 Provenance From a deceased Japanese collector, 1970-2015.

226

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD SHEET WITH A MAN HOLDING A STAFF c.5th-4th century BC 225 A pair of tooled sheet-gold plaques bearing a human figure in profile facing left, wearing a headdress and robe around the waist, muscular calves, arms bent above the waist, holding a long staff in the right. 2.16 grams total, 25-31mm (1 - 1¼"). Fine condition, in two halves. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Ex important Japanese collection of jewellery, 1970s-2010. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number 123998, for comparable items from the Oxus Treasure; cf. Bourke, S., Ancient Civilisations, The Middle East The Cradle of Civilization Revealed, London, 2008, p.263, for a very similar figural plaque found with the Oxus Treasure.

227

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD BEAD COLLECTION Mainly 1st millennium BC

226

A mixed group of forty-one gold beads of various sizes and types, including floral, pellet, ribbed tubular, quatrefoil, discoid, annular, ribbed ovoid and other types, including examples with applied gold wire and pendant with short gold chain. 8.19 grams total, 2-13mm (¼ -½"). Fine condition. [41] £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance Ex important Japanese collection of jewellery, 1970s-2010. Literature See The British Museum, museum numbers 1894,1101.164 and 1980,0201.51, 136817, for broadly comparable examples; see Maxwell-Hyslop, K.R., Western Asiatic Jewellery, c.3000-612 BC, London, 1971, for comparable examples.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

227

103


228

229

228 C

ASSYRIAN IVORY FURNITURE INLAY 9th-7th century BC A rectangular ivory panel with gently domed profile, the upper face carved with a frieze composed of a winged ram standing right, wearing a headdress, semi-naturalistic detailing to the horns and head, detailing to the wings, proceeded by a large stylised hybrid tree producing volutes and vines, and a standing human figure facing left, with outstretched arms formed as eagle wings, with semi-naturalistic detailing to the hair and face, further detailing to the feathers on the wings and the figure's robes; stained green. 193 grams, 16cm (6¼"). Fine condition. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 9,470 - 11,830 USD 10,980 - 13,730 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; previously in the collection of Mrs Petra Schamelman,

104

Breitenbach, Germany; acquired from the collection of Fernand Adda, formed in the 1920s-1930s. The Adda family, originally from Alexandria, formed the majority of their collection in the 1920s-1930s. Abraham Adda (b. circa 1855) had three sons, Victor (b. circa 1885-1965) a collector of coins, Iznik and ancient Egyptian objects; Fernand, a collector of Iznik ceramics, and Joseph. The collection has been situated in Europe since before the Second World War; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10888-181054. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 67.22.3, 61.197.7, 59.107.11 and 64.37.12, for similar elements in ivory. Footnotes Carved ivory pieces such as this were used in the production of elite furniture and luxury objects in the early first millennium BC, possibly overlaid with gold foil or inlaid to create the effect of a shining surface. A similar plaque was found in a storage room at Fort Shalmaneser, a royal building at Nimrud used to store booty and tribute collected by the Assyrians while on military campaign.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


229

BABYLONIAN LEAD TALISMAN OF HERO 1st millennium BC A discoid talisman displaying a dynamic scene composed of regardant winged animals (an ibex and a lion) advancing along the outer border, each supporting an ornament on their muscular neck, Gilgamesh or a hero (represented similarly to the Egyptian god Bes) standing at the centre gripping the two bulls by their horns, large crescent above; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 158 grams total including stand, disc: 65mm (2½"). Fair condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; previously in the collection of Mrs Petra Schamelman, Breitenbach, Germany; acquired from the collection of Fernand Adda, formed in the 1920s-1930s. The Adda family, originally from Alexandria, formed the majority of their collection in the 1920s-1930s. Abraham Adda (b. circa 1855) had three sons, Victor (b. circa 1885-1965) a collector of coins, Iznik and ancient Egyptian objects; Fernand, a collector of Iznik ceramics, and Joseph. The collection has been situated in Europe since before the Second World War.; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11022-181062. Literature Cf. similar images on seals in Legrain, L., The culture of the Babylonians from their seals in the Collections of the Museum, Philadelphia, The University Museum, 1925, no.325, Weber, O., Altorientalische Siegelbilder, Leipzig, 1920, no.316. Footnotes The hero triumphing over wild beasts is an old topic deriving from the Sumerian legend of the poem of Gilgamesh. Such iconography was popular across the civilisations of the Mesopotamian world. In the Achaemenian Empire the hero was transformed in the image of the Great King, who triumphs over the evil forces of nature. Usually the wild animals are represented held by their horns. On a few pieces, such as the one offered here, the king or hero is replaced by the Egyptian god Bes.

230

HEBREW SCROLL WITH EIGHT BIBLICAL ILLUSTRATIONS Iran, 20th century AD A late Qajar or Pahlavi paper scroll with brown leather sleeve; Hebrew text and two illustrations of biblical and Persian scenes, one illustration signed M. Takslami. 25.6 grams, 8.2 x 210cm (3¼ x 82¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance From the private collection of an Iranian-Jewish family based in London, UK; accompanied by a brief previously researched cataloguing sheet.

230

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105


Chinese & Far Eastern Also see lots 1090 - 1176

106

Lots 231 - 260


231

CHINESE ASTANA REGION SADDLED HORSE Sixteen Kingdoms Period, 4th-5th century AD A horse carved standing in the round, back legs slightly stooped, front legs straight, head held aloft, ears pricked forwards, cropped and dressed mane, front saddle element on the animal's back with groove to accept a second element, detailing to the eyes, nostrils, mouth and hooves, slot for a tail; remains of cream, pink, black and other painted pigmentation; Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, Turfan area; label to base of front right hoof reads 'GO47.2 Astana Xinjiang $85,000 for three'; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 1.9 kg total, 31.5cm including stand (12½"). Fair condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120

231

Provenance From an important London collection, acquired in 1998; formerly in a north America collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10964-179887. Literature Cf. Xianyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Excavation of a Sixteen Kingdoms Period Tomb in Pingling, Xianyang, Wenwu, 2004, p.74, for similar.

232

CHINESE ASTANA REGION SADDLED HORSE Late Gaochang Kingdom, 449-649 AD A horse carved standing in the round, detailing to the ears and muzzle, painted almond-shaped eyes, slots for a saddle, to the head and for a tail; Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, Turfan area; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 1.7 kg total, 34cm including stand (13½"). Fair condition, some elements absent. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance From an important London collection, acquired in 1998; formerly in a north America collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10965-179888.

232 Literature Cf. Xianyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology., Excavation of a Sixteen Kingdoms Period Tomb in Pingling, Xianyang, Wenwu, 2004, p.74, for similar.

233

CHINESE STANDING OX FIGURE Sixteen Kingdoms Period, 4th-5th century AD A Central Asian carved wooden model of a standing ox, head held low, suggestion of the coat texture painted in black, sockets for horns, fabric ears, almond-shaped eyes and pink colouration to the mouth and nostrils, socket for the tail. 400 grams, 25.5cm (10"). Fair condition, tail and horns absent. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,130 - 2,840 USD 2,470 - 3,290 Provenance From an important London collection, acquired in 1998; formerly in a north America collection.

233

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

107


234

234

CHINESE LARGE COURTLY LADIES WITH SERVANT GROUP Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD A group of three ceramic figurines comprising: a courtly lady sitting with elaborately dressed hair wearing a vibrant orange-coloured robe with long bell sleeves, holding a pet bird in the right hand, moon slipper sculpted beneath the hem of the dress; a similar figure with right hand raised palm-upwards; a servant figure wearing a brown robe with applied floral motifs, hands raised. 11.9 kg total, 41.5-45cm (16¼ - 17¾"). Finely modelled. [3] £7,000 - 9,000 EUR 8,280 - 10,650 USD 9,610 - 12,360 Provenance Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report from Oxford Authentication for one of the figures, this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10999-181605.

235

LARGE CHINESE FIGURE PAIR Song Dynasty, 960-1127 AD

235

A pair of ceramic figures modelled in the round wearing headdresses, long tunics, trousers and boots, one holding a teapot, the other an offering tray with three bowls; remains of painted pigmentation; each composed of three separately formed parts. 30 kg total, 83cm each (32¾"). Finely modelled. [2] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11026-181583.

236

CHINESE GLAZED ATTENDANT PAIR Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 AD A pair of glazed ceramic attendants, each modelled in the round standing on a hexagonal plinth, one carrying a rectangular offering plate, the other a bell-shaped dish, with separately modelled capped heads. 5.9 kg total, 46.5-47cm (18¼ - 18½"). Fair condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s.

236

108

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


237

LARGE CHINESE TERRACOTTA ARMOURED GUARDIAN Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD A substantial ceramic guardian or warrior figure modelled standing, trampling an animal lying on a polygonal base; wearing military armour and holding his arms bent at the elbows, hands in fists, with fierce facial expression and robust stance; remains of orange, black, green and other painted pigmentation. 5.1 kg, 55.5cm (22"). Finely modelled. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From a West Country collection, 1990s; formerly with a Hong Kong gallery. Literature See Prodan, M., The Art of the Tang Potter, London, 1960, fig. 29 and 40, for comparable elements; see The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 10.221.7, for a similar figure.

238

CHINESE STICK MAN Han Dynasty, 206 BC-220 AD or later An unglazed ceramic stick figure of a nude male with hair dressed in a pigtail, sockets to the shoulders to accept posable arms; mounted on a custom-made stand. 4.8 kg total, 56cm including stand (22"). Fair condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820

237

Provenance From the collection of the late C. Roger Moss (OBE). Roger Moss was a renowned art collector who, throughout the years, thanks to his determination and enthusiasm, was able to create an outstanding collection of artworks, most prominently from China and the Orient, but also from other cultures.

239

CHINESE FIGURE OF A KNEELING SERVANT Han Dynasty, 206 BC-220 AD A polychrome terracotta figure modelled in the round as a kneeling servant, wearing a long robe, hands held within voluminous sleeves in front of the body, head bowed slightly, painted detailing to the dressed hair, face and garments. 277 grams, 18cm (7"). Fine condition, an unusual amount of painted decoration surviving. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From a Sussex gallery; previously from the late C. Roger Moss OBE collection; accompanied by an Ancient Times certificate of authenticity and a previous cataloguing page.

238

239

Literature See The South East Asian Society, Spirit of Han Ceramics for the Afterlife, 1991, item 34. Footnotes The late Roger Moss OBE was born in Yorkshire and read Social Anthropology at the University of Cambridge before embarking upon a successful career in global finance. Financial Director at British Airways, then Finance Director of the Mass Transit Railway Corporation in Hong Kong in 1984. In Hong Kong he sat on the board of The Hong Kong Ballet and president of the Oriental Ceramic Society, and although a lifelong collector, it was at this point in his life that his love for Asian Art began to grow. On his return to the UK in 2003, Moss bought an historic farmhouse in Yorkshire where he displayed his extensive library and the art that he had acquired over a lifetime.

240

LARGE CHINESE COURT LADY Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD A ceramic figure of a courtly lady wearing a flared layered robe with long pendant sleeves, girdled and segmented, broad flared collar, moon slippers, elaborate openwork headdress; hands at the waist with thumbs and forefingers raised. 3.5 kg, 48.5cm (19"). Finely modelled. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance From a West Country, UK, collection; formerly in a Hong Kong gallery, 1990s; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report, sample no. C121m28, from Oxford Authentication and this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10996-181573.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

240

109


241

242

241

LARGE CHINESE COURTLY LADY Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD A ceramic figure of a courtly lady in floor-length robe with moon slipper, left hand within the long bell sleeve and right hand raised; painted rosette motifs to the robe. 3.8 kg, 50cm (19½"). Finely modelled. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,960 - 4,140 USD 3,430 - 4,800 Provenance Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s; accompanied by a thermoluminescence report issued by Laboratory Kotalla, no.08CM160919; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10998181603.

242

LARGE CHINESE FEMALE ATTENDANT Han Dynasty, 206 BC-220 AD A tall ceramic figure of a female wearing a flared floor-length robe, footwear appearing from beneath the hem, hair tied to the rear; black, tan and other pigments remaining; hollow to the underside. 7.1 kg, 65cm (25½"). Finely modelled. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report, sample no. C121m29, from Oxford Authentication.

243

CHINESE FEMALE COURT FIGURE Wei Dynasty, 534-550 AD

243

An unglazed ceramic figure of a courtly lady wearing a floor-length robe with flared train to the rear, hands clasped to the midriff inside ribbed sleeves, close-fitting cap; traces of pigment to the collar, cap and elsewhere. 1.3 kg, 32cm (12½"). Finely modelled. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s.

110

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


244

244

CHINESE 'THE DESMOND MORRIS' TOWER WITH FIGURES Han Dynasty, 206 BC-220 AD A glazed ceramic model tower in four separate tiers each with braced and ribbed awnings, a rectangular doorway with ornamental panel above, two dragon-head ornamental guardians(?) and pitched roof with transverse lobe finials; group of six glazed ceramic seated figures. 6.9 kg total, 86cm total (34"). Finely modelled. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,920 - 8,280 USD 6,860 - 9,610

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From the celebrated personal collection of art formed by the famous anthropologist, artist, and television presenter Desmond Morris. Desmond Morris, author of The Naked Ape, Manwatching, The Naked Eye, and countless other books concerning human and animal behaviour, a professional zoologist, surrealist artist, lecture and television celebrity, has been an avid collector of ancient art; his collection of Cypriot art was sold at Christie's in 2001; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10942-181612.

111


245

245

CHINESE TILE PAIR WITH PHOENIX Song Dynasty, 960-1127 AD A matched pair of triangular architectural tiles, each with a fenghuang modelled in the half-round with head reversed and wings spread; remains of white and black pigment detailing. 10.5 kg total, 51.5-52cm (20¼ - 2-½"). Fair condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s.

246

CHINESE CAMEL AND RIDER Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD

246

A ceramic figure modelled in the round as a standing Bactrian camel on a rectangular base, together with a separately modelled associated rider in a moulded saddle, semi-naturalistic detailing to both, the camel in the act of swishing its tail, the rider wearing a robe and trousers, accompanied by saddle bags; remains of painted pigmentation. 2.7 kg, 43cm (17"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s.

247

LARGE CHINESE LADY ON HORSE Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD A ceramic figure of a horsewoman modelled in the round; the horse in advancing pose with one foreleg raised, copious mane; the female rider with an upright posture, wearing an ankle-length coral-coloured robe with long bell sleeve, scooped shoulder panels and raised collar, hair piled in an elaborate bun; remains of pigment to the hair and footwear, face and other details. 3.4 kg, 49.5cm (19½"). Finely modelled. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report, sample no.C121m34 from Oxford Authentication; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11000-181606.

247

112

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


248

249

248

LARGE CHINESE HORSE WITH RIDER Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD A ceramic figure of an advancing horse with neck arched and one foreleg raised, rider in caps and boots, wearing trousers and riding tunic, integral saddle; remains of painted detailing to bridle and harness. 6.1 kg, 53cm (21"). Finely modelled. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240 Provenance From a West country Collection, 1990s; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report, sample no. C121m32 from Oxford Authentication; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11001181609.

249

LARGE CHINESE HORSE Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD A ceramic horse modelled in the round, advancing with head slightly turned and one foreleg raised, integral moulded saddle with painted leopard-skin detailing. 5.9 kg, 43cm (17"). Finely modelled. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance From a West country Collection, 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11002-181610.

250

LARGE CHINESE HORSE Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD A ceramic horse modelled in the round standing with head raised and mouth open, naturalistic painted detailing to the head and body. 6.9 kg, 58.5cm (23"). Finely modelled. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance From a West country Collection, 1990s; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report, sample no. C121m31, from Oxford Authentication and this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11003-181611.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

250

113


251

252

251

LARGE CHINESE PRANCING HORSE Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD A ceramic horse modelled in the round prancing on a rectangular base, right leg raised, moulded saddle, cropped and dressed mane and tail, naturalistic detailing to the head; remains of painted pigmentation. 4.3 kg, 40cm (13¾"). Finely modelled. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490

114

Provenance Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report, sample no. C118g96, from Oxford Authentication; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10943-181604. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1924,1112.1, for similar.

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Footnotes For centuries in China, geopolitical realities made horses 'the foundation of military might, the great resource of the state.' The Chinese used horses to pull war chariots from the Shang dynasty (c.1600 BC) onwards, and deployed mounted riders against their enemies from the 4th century BC onwards. Placing representations of horses in tombs was a practice in China from the Bronze Age, with ceramic figures being the most frequently discovered burial artefacts between the Han and Tang periods, with carvings and paintings appearing on the spirit roads leading to imperial tombs and in tomb murals, with some even capturing the likeness of specific animals when they were alive, creating a symbolic equality between rulers and their horses. Tang representations of horses symbolised the military prowess of the dynasty and the power and status of the owner of the equine figure. Riding itself was a privilege- an imperial edict issued in 667 AD prohibited artisans and tradesmen from riding horses, whilst the aristocracy rode to hunt, for sport and for pleasure.

252

LARGE CHINESE HORSE

253

Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD A standing ceramic horse modelled in the round, naturalistic detailing to the head and body, moulded saddle. 5.6 kg, 41cm (16¼"). Finely modelled, tail absent. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,190 USD 1,100 - 1,380 Provenance From the celebrated personal collection of art formed by the famous anthropologist, artist, and television presenter Desmond Morris. Desmond Morris, author of The Naked Ape, Manwatching, The Naked Eye, and countless other books concerning human and animal behaviour, a professional zoologist, surrealist artist, lecture and television celebrity, has been an avid collector of ancient art; his collection of Cypriot art was sold at Christie's in 2001.

253

LARGE CHINESE HORSE TORSO 20th century AD A Han style terracotta figure, modelled as the upper part of a horse, with semi-naturalistic anatomical detailing, painted bridle, harness, mane and saddle cloth detailing. 1.5 kg, 34cm (13½"). Finely modelled. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 970

254

Provenance Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s.

254

CHINESE NEOLITHIC POTTERY JAR Majiayao Culture, 3300-2000 BC A piriform terracotta jar with everted neck and rim, rectangular-section loop handles, painted concentric circles with hatched centres, between plain bands and swags, graduated swags to the inner rim. 3.6 kg, 39cm (14½"). Fair condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s.

255

CHINESE NEOLITHIC POTTERY JAR c.2nd millennium BC A terracotta jar with piriform body, broad splayed neck and rim and rectangular-section loop handles, vertical comb-style decoration to the lower body. 2.5 kg, 33.5cm (13¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s.

255

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115


256

256

LARGE SOUTH EAST ASIAN BRAHMA STATUE 11th-13th century AD A large polished Khmer red sandstone statue of Brahma standing with his four arms bent; the four radiating faces each with linear ridge forming a heavy brow, slender eyes with defined pupils, elongated ears with vertical slit; the god wearing a rectangular sampot around the lower part of the body with a double fishtail pleat and frontal sash; columnar chignon arranged on the head with incised decoration, detailed diadem to each face; mounted on custom-made display stand. 80 kg total, 137.5cm including stand (54¼"). Fair condition, repaired and one nose restored. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 9,470 - 11,830 USD 10,980 - 13,730

116

Provenance Property of an East Sussex gentleman; from his private collection formed between 1983 and 1990; formerly in a South East London collection formed in the 1970s; accompanied by scholarly note TL05408 by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11010-181674. Literature Cf. Tucker, J. and Tozer, A., An Important Group of Sculptures from India, Southeast Asia and China, London, 2018, p.18, for a comparable example. Footnotes Brahma is considered the Creator-god, one of the three cosmic functions alongside Vishnu (maintenance) and Shiva (destruction).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


257

CHINESE SHAKYAMUNI BUDDHA ON LION THRONE Northern Wei Dynasty, 386-534 AD A gilt-bronze figure after the Gandharan style, or that of the neighbouring Uddiyana region, of Shakyamuni Buddha modelled with his hands clasped together in dhyana mudra and seated in the dhyanasana posture on a throne flanked by two roaring lions; robes with U-shaped folds in the Mathuran style and the head with a prominent ushnisha. 95 grams, 70mm (2¾"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance Acquired for the ‘Buckingham Collection’ by the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert; the collection formed from the early 1960s to early 1970s; displayed at the major exhibition ‘The Buddha Image: Out of Uddiyana’, Tibet House, 22 West 15th Street, New York, 16 September-20 October 2010, extended to 16 November and again to 7 January 2011; where the collection of one hundred pieces was publicly valued at US$ 15M; this piece was scheduled to be included in an exhibition titled ‘On the Silk Route; Birth of The Buddha’, to be held in London from November 2012, but sadly his death prevented this; accompanied by copies of several press releases and articles for the exhibition, including Artnet News, This Week in New York, Huffpost, Buddhist Art News, and copies of the relevant London and Tibet House exhibition catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10907-168639. Literature See Dr. Naiki, S., Similarities and Differences in Gandharan Sculptures Among Regions, Thursday 22nd to Friday 23rd March 2018, The Geography of Gandharan Art: 2nd Workshop of the Gandhara Connections Project, Classical Art Research Centre, University of Oxford.

257

Published Exhibited: Out of Uddiyana. An exhibition at Tibet House New York, From the Buckingham collections, exhibit TB006, p.160; accompanied by copies of the relevant exhibition catalogue pages. Footnotes Gandhara was a principal gateway through which Buddhism spread to China. Academic research conducted after the death of Nik Douglas (above) explains that Gandharan sculpture has been found in neighbouring regions, such as in Uddiyana. Sculpture from the Gandharan and Uddiyana regions has similar characteristics and as a result has often remained undifferentiated. As a result of this recent research however, it is becoming more feasible to identify distinctions between the sculpture of these different regions.

258

CAMBODIAN GOLD CHAIN c.10th-12th century AD A gold chain composed of openwork links of X-shaped cross-section, tapering round-section sleeve terminals with medial collars, flanked by geometric motifs formed with pellets, hook-and-eye clasp. 19.05 grams, 44cm (17¼"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance From an important North West London collection; acquired in the late 1980searly 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10934179795. Literature Cf. Content, D. et al., Asian Jewels, New York, 2018, item 46, for similar dated 12th century AD; cf. Bunker, E.C. et al., Gold Gifts for the Gods, Chicago, 2008, p.96, fig.5.18a, for type.

258

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

117


259

260

259

260

INDONESIAN LARGE JAVA DRAWN GLASS BEADS

CHINESE DAOIST MAGICAL CHARM WOODBLOCK PRINT

8th-10th century AD

19th century AD

A mixed group of seven large drum-shaped opaque glass beads comprising: one with floral forms when viewed from the pierced ends, red, white, blue and yellow feathering; six broadly similar beads with facetted bodies with blue and white dragged trails, lighter blue segments between. 480 grams total, 33-47mm (1¼ - 1¾"). Fine condition. [7] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490

A Daoist woodblock print on paper, 'T'u K'eh - The Protectors of the rural places (A collection of Divinities of many Types)', serving as a magical charm; mounted on card. 207 grams, 24.5 x 27cm (9½ x 10½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

Provenance From an important North West London collection; acquired from Henry Anavian in the early 1990s; formerly in a Japanese collection, since the 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10962-179808. Literature Cf. Dubin, L., The History of Beads From 30,000 BC To The Present, Thames & Hudson, 2006, fold-out chart at rear, no.903a, for very similar blue and white beads.

118

Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with the French Sinologist Manly P. Hall (1901-1990), Burbank, California, USA, c.1995; formerly with Paul Pelliot (1878-1926); accompanied by a detailed previously researched cataloguing sheet. Footnotes Chinese magic charms have a long history, commencing in the second century with the earliest schools of Daoism, the Taiping dao and Wudoumi dao, which promoted their curative powers. Since then, different types of charms have proliferated (see Feng Zuozhe and Li Fuhua, Zhongguo minjian zongjiao shi, Taipei 1994, pp. 124-133). Traditionally, the most efficient charms were either issued by or possessed the stamp of Zhang tianshi, the spiritual head of Daoism (the status tianshi, or godly teacher, is inherited through generations by the descendants of Zhang Ling, who founded the Wudoumi dao school). This centralisation provided a unified official format for priests to use in their charms, which was often combined with local folklore and Buddhism to produce a great many variations. A typical charm consists of a drawing and some calligraphy in a running style, and contains names of deities, zodiacal symbols and other ‘made-up’ characters. Animal or human figures may be represented.

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India & Region Also see lots 1177 - 1221

Lots 261 - 266 119


261

262

120

261

262

GHANDARAN SILVER RIBBED GOBLET

INDIAN SATISH GUJRAL MAN AND BIRD PAINTING

1st century BC-2nd century AD

1925-2020 AD

A silver goblet with waisted upper body and tapering ribbed lower body, everted rim, slender collared stem and discoid foot; label reading 'A.3494' attached and 'Aaron Gallery' to base. 258 grams, 13.2cm (5¼"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240

Oil on canvas, untitled (man and bird), attributed to Satish Gujral in Hindi; mounted in a wooden frame. 2.1 kg, 67.5 x 67.5cm (26½ x 26½"). Fine condition. £4,500 - 6,500 EUR 5,320 - 7,690 USD 6,180 - 8,920

Provenance UK private collection acquired 1980-1983; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10903-180799.

Provenance From the private family collection of a West London gentleman; previously in the personal collection of Harmadar Singh Thind; thence by descent; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10981-181140.

Literature Cf. Baratte, F., East and West: A Central Asian Silver Hoard from the Parthian Era, 2002, p.38, 59, fig.22, for similar.

Footnotes An Indian artist of the post-independent era. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, the second-highest civilian award of the Republic of India, in 1999.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


263

263

INDIAN G.R. SANTOSH ACRYLIC ON CANVAS Dated 1956 AD Acrylic on canvas attributed to the Indian artist G.R. Santosh, signed and dated on back of canvas; wooden frame. 3.6 kg, 99.5 x 69cm (39¼ x 27¼"). Fine condition. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 9,470 - 11,830 USD 10,980 - 13,730

Provenance From the private family collection of a West London gentleman; previously in the personal collection of Harmadar Singh Thind; thence by descent; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10932-180442. Footnotes A prominent, prize-winning Indian painter and poet known for the spiritual and vibrant nature of his works.

264

NO LOT

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121


265

265

INDIAN M.F. HUSSAIN PAINTING OF HIS DAYS IN PANDAHAR 20th century AD A vibrantly coloured painting on canvas attributed to the Indian artist M.F. Hussain, signed; wooden frame. 3.2 kg, 127.5 x 59.5cm (50¼ x 23½"). Fine condition. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 17,750 - 23,670 USD 20,590 - 27,460 Provenance From the private family collection of a West London gentleman; previously in the personal collection of Harmadar Singh Thind; thence by descent; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10927-181141. Footnotes Known for his works in a modified Cubist style, Hussain's paintings were often narrative in nature.

266

INDIAN RAJASTHAN SCHOOL STYLE PAINTING SERIES OF BARAHMASA Late 19th-early 20th century AD A group of twelve Rajasthan School(?) hand painted figural scenes of Barahmasa on paper, illustrating the changes of the twelve seasons, each painted in vibrant colours and framed by a yellow and red border, the month in Hindi below; for a full description, see online catalogue. 340 grams total, 34 x 24cm each (13½ x 9½"). Fine condition. [12] £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,130 - 2,840 USD 2,470 - 3,290 Provenance From the private family collection of a West London gentleman; previously in the personal collection of Harmadar Singh Thind; thence by descent.

266

122

Footnotes A popular genre, providing the visual imagery for the poetry which usually accompanied such artwork. The Barahmasa series progresses according to the months of the Hindi lunar calendar, portraying lovers’ minds as they change with the seasons, against a backdrop of shifting seasons and ritual events.

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Islamic Also see lots 1222 - 1261

Lots 267 - 288 123


267

267

QAJAR SIGNED CALLIGRAPHIC FRAMED PANEL Dated 1239 AH (1823-1824 AD) A panel composed of two registers of calligraphic script, set within rectangular borders ornamented with flowers on vines; framed, 'Dated AH 1239 (1823-4 AD) signed Ismail Qajar' handwritten on reverse. 2.3 kg, 54.5 x 44cm (21½ x 14¼"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Property of a West London collector; acquired on the European art market.

268

PERSIAN VELLUM FRAMED FOLIO WITH KUFIC SCRIPT c.18th century AD

268

A vellum folio comprising a panel of Kufic script within a thin rectangular border, dense and intricate floral and foliate motifs with gold ink floral roundels and pellets between, second gold ink panel above bearing single line of script with foliate ornamentation coloured red and green; two richly ornamented cartouches to the right hand side, executed predominantly in gold, blue and red inks; framed. 1.3 kg, 48.5 x 38.5cm (19 x 15¼"). Fine condition, restored. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Property of a West London collector; acquired on the European art market.

269

ISLAMIC QAJAR PERSIAN CALLIGRAPHIC FRAMED PANEL 19th century AD A painting composed of four registers of calligraphic script within concentric rectangular borders, coloured floral and foliate motifs to each panel in red, green, blue and gold inks; framed. 2.1 kg, 60 x 45.3cm (23½ x 17¾"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Property of a West London collector; acquired on the European art market.

270

ARABIC MANUSCRIPT ON TAFSIR Harar, East Africa, 19th century AD A leather-bound manuscript with cloth spine, laid paper pages, rectangular blocks of nastaliq text in black ink with red ink ornament and marginalia; some transverse notations in a different hand, title page with ornamental layout; a Tafsir text with exegetic treatment of the Qur'an. 1.05 kg, 22.5cm (8¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from the UK trade, 2010.

269

124

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270

271

271

LARGE MANUSCRIPT VOLUME 'MUKHTASAR TANBIH AL-ANAM' Ethiopia, 19th-early 20th century AD A large bound paper manuscript of Mukhtasar Tanbih al-Anam by ‘Abd al-Ghalil al-Qayrawani, 150 leaves with text in red and black inked Sudani script; sturdy brown leather binding. 1.89 kg, 34cm (13½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from the London, UK, trade, in 2010; accompanied by a previously researched cataloguing sheet. Literature See Brockelmann, Geschichte der Arabischen Literatur, vol. II, p. 691. Footnotes The Mukhtasar Tanbih al-Anam is a tasliya prayer book composed in the sixteenth century by ‘Abd al-Ghalil Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Azzum alMuradi al-Qayrawani (d. 971/ 1563).

272

LAW, SCIENCE AND EROTOLOGY MANUSCRIPT ON TAFSIR

272

Harar Sultanate, 18th century AD A leather-bound manuscript with text covering the subjects of law, science and erotology. 738 grams, 23cm (9"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from the UK trade, 2010.

273

TAFSIR AL-JALALAYN QUR'AN WITH INTERPRETATIONS 18th century AD A leather-bound Tafsir Al-Jalalayn Qur'an with interpretations. 1.54 kg, 29cm (11½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously in the collection of Stephen Keynes OBE (1927-2017).

273

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125


274

275 274

276

SULTANATE CARVED STONE FRIEZE WITH QUR'ANIC INSCRIPTION

LARGE GHAZNAVID PERIOD INCENSE BOWL 13th-14th century AD

India, 14th-15th century AD A rectangular architectural stone frieze element carved in relief with two lines of Qur'anic text reserved against a plain field framed by vertical scrolled vines and lozenges, facetted baluster-style columns at the sides. 95.9 kg total, 84.5 cm including stand (34¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Ex Bonhams, 13 April 2000, lot 419; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10975-180975. Literature See Blair, S.S., Islamic Inscriptions, Edinburgh, 1998, for discussion.

275

MOZARABIC MARBLE FOLIAGE RELIEF Spain, late 13th-early 14th century AD A carved panel fragment, rectangular in form, decorated with fielded foliage motifs in high-relief, regularly spaced. 8.4 kg, 54cm (21¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490

A substantial bronze piriform incense bowl or lamp with stepped shoulder and shallow rim, floriated Kufic inscription of benedictory nature against a field of dots around the shoulder, openwork frieze of palmettes within lozenges around the body, C-section foot; bottom later. 2.7 kg, 24cm (9½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Acquired from Bonhams, 24 April 2002, lot 301; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10976-180979. Literature See Arthur Upham Pope, A Survey of Persian Art, Oxford, 1938, pl.1290 A, for type; a similar, slightly smaller example with more pronounced openwork decoration, and dating to the tenth or eleventh century, is in the Musée de Louvre, Paris (Acquisition 2000, MAO 1255). Footnotes The precise purpose of this beautifully executed and intriguing object is somewhat ambiguous, although the fact that it has a large mouth and is made entirely in openwork, would suggest a function either as a receptacle for oil, to be used as a lamp, or for incense. The few known examples of this type of vessel are usually decorated in a similar style, with engraved and openwork geometric patterns and floral motifs connected with a knotted cord. The openwork frieze around the body of the bowl is particularly well-executed.

Provenance From the UK trade; by repute from a garden in the Cotswolds; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10923-181018.

126

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276

277

277

SELJUK OPENWORK INCENSE BURNER HALF WITH WARRIORS c.13th century AD A bronze openwork incense burner half, with a hemispherical body composed of a net of hexagonal medallions orbiting a central star, each ornamented with an openwork scene including: warrior on horseback, mythical beasts, hawking figure and other figural compositions with arabesque foliage in the field, petals in relief in the arms of the star and flowers in relief between the hexagons and rim; central element a human face with a halo of rays, or radiant sun, now separate. 81 grams, 11.2cm (4½"). Fair condition, squashed, fragmentary. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s. Literature Cf. Pergamon Museum, Berlin, ISIL no.: DE-MUS-814517, for similar.

278

EARLY ISLAMIC ZOOMORPHIC VESSEL 8th-9th century AD A terracotta zoomorphic wine jug modelled in the round as a stylised standing quadruped with an oval-shaped body, bulbous feet, long neck formed as a flat-bottomed U-section spout, internal diaphragm with three circular piercings below the lip, loop handle at base of neck, decorated with dense panels of painted geometric motifs to the upper body, three stars to the lower body and a single plain ring around three of the four feet. 252 grams, 18cm (7"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820

278

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

279

EARLY ISLAMIC ZOOMORPHIC VESSEL 8th-9th century AD A terracotta zoomorphic vessel modelled in the round as a stylised standing quadruped with an oval-shaped body with raised medial rib decorated with notches and end scrolls, squat cylindrical feet, long neck formed as a flat-bottomed U-section spout, internal diaphragm with three circular piercings below the lip, loop handle at base of neck, a notched ridge and small forked tail below, the upper body decorated with dense panels of painted geometric motifs, four stars to the lower body. 674 grams, 26.2cm (10¼"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report, sample no.N111m64 from Oxford Authentication.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

279

127


280

280

281

281

EARLY ISLAMIC SPOUTED VESSEL

EARLY ISLAMIC ANIMAL-FACED JUG

8th-9th century AD

8th-9th century AD

A terracotta vessel composed of a gently tapering conical body with D-section wall, broad cylindrical neck, everted rim, fixed lid of five plaited openwork circular panels, four straps forming a crowning cone with scrolled finial, plaited loop handle, tapering cylindrical spout with applied ornament above and below, and plinth foot, the vessel decorated with painted geometric motifs. 1 kg, 21cm (8¼"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490

A terracotta jug with a tear-shaped body, tapering cylindrical neck with stylised animal head terminal, loop handle, near vertical cylindrical spout and plinth foot, the upper body decorated with dense panels of painted geometric motifs, applied features to the animal head and collar. 431 grams, 19cm (7½"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report, sample no.N121m36 from Oxford Authentication.

128

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


282

282

ISLAMIC GLASS MARVERED BOTTLE c.13th century AD A glass bottle or vase with globular body, tapering cylindrical neck and everted rim, foot with short stem and discoid base, two applied tri-looped handles, marvering around the body and applied trails around the neck, pulled upwards. 106 grams, 17.5cm (6¾"). Very fine condition. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 9,470 - 11,830 USD 10,980 - 13,730 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; before that in the private collection of a Kensington collector; previously in the collection of Mrs Petra Schamelman, Breitenbach, Germany; acquired from the collection of Fernand Adda, formed in the 1920s-1930s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10929-181108. Literature Cf. Whitehouse, D. et al., Glass of the Sultans, New York, 2002, pp.143-144, for similar, dated 13th century AD.

283

EARLY ISLAMIC GLASS BRACELET PAIR 8th-9th century AD A pair of annular glass bracelets, each comprising a carinated outer body decorated with a series of coloured glass inclusions, alternating between green and yellow with red. 83 grams total, 9.2-10.2cm (3½ 4"). Fine condition. [2] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From an important North West London collection; acquired in the late 1980searly 1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

283

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284

EARLY ISLAMIC MOSAIC GLASS GAMING PIECE COLLECTION c.8th-12th century AD

284

A group of seven glass gaming pieces comprising pieces with conical and domed bodies, including blue, green, yellow and red colouration. 51 grams total, 17-23mm (¾ - 1"). Fine condition. [7] £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330 Provenance From an important North West London collection; acquired in the late 1980searly 1990s. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 1974.98.4 and 1972.9.15.

285

QAJAR PERSIAN WHITE CHALCEDONY SEAL Dated 1823 AD

285

An octagonal white chalcedony seal bearing rounded Thuluth script to one face, set in a gilt mount carved with floral and foliate forms, ribbed pelta-shaped handle and ornamented suspension loop at the apex. 32.5 grams, 35mm (1½"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a West London collector; acquired on the European art market. Footnotes Possibly produced for a European official.

286

QAJAR PERSIAN CALLIGRAPHIC CARNELIAN AMULET 19th century AD

286

An oval-shaped, silver-coloured pendant setting with scalloped border and scrolled heart-shaped attachment loops either side, set with a large oval carnelian gemstone engraved with nasta'liq script and cartouches. 38.6 grams, 94mm (3¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a West London collector; acquired on the European art market.

287

QAJAR CALLIGRAPHIC CARNELIAN ARMBAND 19th century AD

287

A silver-coloured metal armband or Bazuband, composed of a central oval panel flanked by two hinged heart-shaped medallions, each carnelian stone setting engraved with loose Thuluth inscriptions including Qur'an CXII, single raised circular cell between, scrolled heart-shaped, turquoise-set loops at the terminals; reverse of each medallion with concentric floral and foliate motifs in raised relief. 56.8 grams, 15cm (6"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Property of a West London collector; acquired on the European art market.

288

QAJAR PERSIAN CALLIGRAPHIC AMULET 18th-19th century AD A serpentine pendant in the form of a fleuron, with calligraphic, floral and foliate engravings to one face. 39 grams, 80mm (3"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Property of a West London collector; acquired on the European art market.

288

130

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Arms & Armour Also see lots 1262 - 1451

Lots 289 - 325 131


289

289

PONTIC GREEK TINNED CHALCIDIAN HELMET 4th-3rd century BC A tinned bronze helmet of Chalcidian type, the bowl forged from a single piece with a strong carinated ridge and peaked crown, raised neck cover and ear openings with flared edges, long nose-guard with raised edges extending to form the eyebrows; removable cheekpieces with seven-part hinges, pierced at the lower edges for the attachment of a chin strap; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 4.04 kg total, 57cm including stand (22½"). Fine condition, some restoration. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 9,470 - 11,830 USD 10,980 - 13,730

Literature See Ohly, D., Die Ägineten, Die Ostgiebelgruppe, Munich, 1976; Pflug, H., 'Chalkidische Helme' in: Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14, Mainz, 1988, pp.137-150; Chernenko, E.V., The Scythians 700-300 BC, Hong Kong, 1998; Jonovski, Trakits (The Thracians), 7th century BC-1st century AD, Sofia, 2010 (in Bulgarian); parallels in Hixenbaugh, R., Valdman, A., Ancient Greek Helmets, a complete guide and catalogue, New York, 2019, nos.245ff. and pp.478ff., especially X279; similar to a helmet in the Sergei Krakowski collection, at the Pushkin Museum in Moscow, see X256, colour plates p.670ff. Footnotes These helmets were not only used by the Greek Hoplites of the area, but also by high ranking Scythian warriors, for whom the possession of a Greek helmet signified elite status and social ostentation. Their usual characteristics were the especially pronounced peak of the helmet, the wide and long hinged cheek-pieces, and especially the tin or silver-alloy plated surface.

Provenance Property of a European gentleman living in London; from his grandfather's collection by descent in 1989; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10884-180931.

132

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


290

290

GRAECO-PONTIC TINNED CHALCIDIAN HELMET Early 4th century BC A tinned bronze helmet of Type V, Kunze Group VII, the bowl hammered from a single piece with a blunt central ridge, the lower part of the bowl separated by an indented shoulder; arched cut-outs for ears and eyes, flanged ear protectors and a short neck guard to the rear, short lanceolate nose-guard developing into thick eyebrows with flared edges; the lower edge fitted with hinged cheek pieces; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 1.5 kg total, helmet: 32.5cm (12¾"). Fine condition, some restoration. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,920 - 8,280 USD 6,860 - 9,610 Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously in an English private collection 19982020; formerly in a private Austrian collection, 1974-1998; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10871-178854.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Ohly, D., Die Ägineten, Die Ostgiebelgruppe, Munich, 1976; Pflug, H., 'Chalkidische Helme' in: Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14, Mainz, 1988, pp.137-150; Chernenko, E.V., The Scythians 700-300 BC, Hong Kong, 1998; Brinkmann, V., Wünsche, R. (eds.), Bunte Götter. Die Farbigkeit antiker Skulptur. Staatliche Antikensammlungen und Glyptothek, Munich, 2004; Jonovski, Trakits (The Thracians), 7th century BC-1st century AD, Sofia, 2010 (in Bulgarian). Footnotes The Chalcidian type of ancient Greek helmet was essentially a lighter and less restrictive form of the Corinthian helmet. Later Chalcidian helmets had hinged cheek-pieces that were anatomically formed to fit closely to the face. The representation of these helmets with mobile and raised cheek-pieces (type V) appear on Attic vase paintings from the early 5th century BC, although the first four typologies still show fixed elements for the face protection as in their Corinthian prototypes. Contemporary to these representations are the sculptures of the temple of Aphaia in Aegina, where these helmets are widely represented and which represent the first examples of Chalcidian helmets with a short nose-guard. The sculptures of the Temple of Aegina also show how these Greek helmets were often painted: the bowl of the sculpted Chalcidian helmets show traces of dots in blue colour (Ohly, 1976, n.38 pp.94ff.), and the polychrome (which could have different variants) has been restored by German archaeologists (Brinkmann & Wünsche, 2004, p.107).

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291

292

291

292

WESTERN ASIATIC DECORATED SHIELD BOSS

LURISTAN SHIELD BOSS WITH CENTRAL OMPHALOS

13th-6th century BC

13th-6th century BC

A bronze discoid shield boss with raised and domed centre, with a pearled repoussè border from which four spirals radiate; central perforation for attachment to a shield. 165 grams, 17.5cm (7"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370

A bronze discoid shield boss with raised punch dot geometric design to the surface, raised central dome and ancient drilled perforation, maybe for attachment to the surface of the shield with a rivet. 135 grams total, 16cm including stand (6¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

Provenance Ex important Japanese collection, 1970s-2010.

Provenance Property of an East Sussex, UK, teacher; previously in a Dorset, UK, private collection formed in the 1990s.

Literature See Godard, A., Les Bronzes du Luristan, Paris, 1931, pl.XXV, no.75, for a very similar decorated umbo. Footnotes All Kassite or Luristan shield studs are circular, and more or less of the same size. They are, as in this splendid specimen, decorated using repoussè technique and often with a series of spirals or sometimes cabochons around the raised central section.

134

Literature See Godard, A., Les Bronzes du Luristan, Paris, 1931, pl.XXV, no.75, for a similar decorated umbo. Footnotes Quivers and shields were constructed by the Luristan craftsmen of hammered metal, and belts were adorned with metal plaques.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


293

294

293

294

LURISTAN SWORD WITH CONCENTRIC POMMEL

LURISTAN SWORD WITH CONCENTRIC POMMEL

11th-7th century BC

11th-7th century BC

A multipiece bronze two-edged sword with a wing-shaped hilt, composed of a winged pommel, a hilt with two discoid elements and a half-pyramidal guard, the contemporary later added bronze blade with a broad, flat midrib marked by three parallel grooves tapering to the point; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 1.2 kg total, 50.2cm including stand (10¾"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750

A multipiece bronze two-edged sword with a wing-shaped hilt, composed of a winged pommel, a hilt with two discoid elements and a half-pyramidal guard, the contemporary later added bronze blade with a broad, flat midrib marked by three grooves; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 1.2 kg total, 66cm including stand (26"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,130 - 2,840 USD 2,470 - 3,290

Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman.

Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman.

Literature See Stöcklein, H., 'Arms and Armour' in Upham, P., Ackerman, P., A survey of Persian Art from Prehistoric Times to the Present, Volume VIB, Metalwork and Minor Arts, Ashiya, 1964, pp.2555-2585, p.2570, for weapons with a similar wing-shaped handle; Ghirsman, R., The Art of Ancient Iran from its Origins to the time of Alexander the Great, New York, 1964; Khorasani, M.M., Arms and Armour from Iran - The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period, Tübingen, 2006, p.384, cat.19.

Literature See Stöcklein, H., 'Arms and Armour' in Upham, P., Ackerman, P., A survey of Persian Art from Prehistoric Times to the Present, Volume VIB, Metalwork and Minor Arts, Ashiya, 1964, pp.2555-2585, p.2570, for weapons with a similar wing-shaped handle; Ghirsman, R., The Art of Ancient Iran from its Origins to the time of Alexander the Great, New York, 1964; Khorasani, M.M., Arms and Armour from Iran - The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period, Tübingen, 2006, p.384, cat.19.

Footnotes A certain number of Luristan daggers and swords have bronze or iron blades with cast-on bronze hilts. The typology of winged pommel bronze grip is visible on examples in the British Museum and National Museum of Iran. Moorey suggests that starting around 1000 BC, bronze hilts begin to be cast onto to iron blades, faithfully copying in iron the standard types of bronze daggers.

Footnotes A certain number of Luristan daggers and swords have bronze or iron blades with cast-on bronze hilts. The typology of winged pommel bronze grip is visible on examples in the British Museum and National Museum of Iran. Moorey suggests that starting around 1000 BC, bronze hilts begin to be cast onto to iron blades with lost wax process, faithfully copying in iron the standard types of bronze daggers.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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295

295

LURISTAN SWORD WITH BLOOD GROOVES

297

LARGE WESTERN ASIATIC TANGED SPEARHEAD

9th-8th century BC

Late 2nd-1st millennium BC

A bronze sword with original waisted hilt, cast with patterns of triangles and geometric decorative designs, the contemporary later added blade with five parallel grooves tapering towards the point; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 3 kg total, 60cm (23½"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750

A bronze dagger blade with prominently curved guard, which extends out from the ricasso of the blade and partly frames the hilt, thick midrib extending slightly above the ricasso where it held the hilt. 558 grams, 50cm (19¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960

Provenance Property of a central London gallery; previously in a private collection. Literature See similar in Malekzadeh, M., Hasanpur, A., Hashemi, Z., 'Fouilles (20052006) a Sangtarashan, Luristan, Iran' in Iranica Antiqua, vol.LII, 2017, pp.61-155, pl.32, no.205. Footnotes The hilt of the sword belongs to the type A.2.d.1 according to the classification of Sangtarashan excavations. The hilt of the type A generally shows an imitation of the beaten borders. In the A2 specimens, the hilt is ornamented with two rings around the ricasso.

Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously in a private UK collection formed 1980s-1990s. Literature See similar swords in Muscarella, O.W., Bronze and Iron Ancient Near Eastern Artifacts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1988, pp.99-100. Footnotes The hilt of such swords was made separately, and unfortunately is nearly always missing from the archaeological records. Similar daggers had a northern Iranian background and excavated examples have been recorded from the South Caspian Area from Tomadjan and Ghalekuti.

298 296

LURISTAN SWORD WITH CRESCENTIC POMMEL

NORTH-WEST PERSIAN TANGED DAGGER BLADE 1st millennium BC

11th-8th century BC A sword of Luristan type II with crescentic pommel, the grip with collars and penannular guard, contemporary later added blade with a broad, flat midrib which narrows roughly half way along the blade. 690 grams, 57cm (22½"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1980-2015. Literature See Khorasani, M.M., Arms and Armour from Iran - The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period, Tübingen, 2006, pp.398ff, nos.39, 41-43, for the types of pommels.

A cast bronze dagger blade, leaf-shaped in plan; the flat midrib extending to the short tang with lateral curved horn extensions to the shoulders of the waisted grip. 416 grams, 48.7cm (19¼"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously in a private UK collection formed 1980s-1990s. Footnotes In the second millennium BC, the blades forged by the Northern Western Iranian populations developed into numerous forms and were in use until at least 800 BC. The hilt of such swords was made separately, and unfortunately is nearly always missing from the archaeological records.

Footnotes The crescentic pommel and the penannular guard were probably cast in a one piece-mould. These kinds of pommels are typical of the iron swords of type 2 from Luristan. A certain number of Luristan daggers and swords have bronze or iron blades with cast-on bronze hilts. The typology of winged pommel bronze grip is visible on examples in the British Museum and the National Museum of Iran. Moorey suggests that starting around 1000 BC, bronze hilts begin to be cast onto to iron blades, faithfully copying in iron the standard types of bronze daggers.

136

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296

297

298

299

300

299

300

VERY LARGE CAUCASIAN SOCKETTED SPEARHEAD

MARLIK DECORATED SPEARHEAD

Late 2nd millennium BC

14th-10th century BC

A massive bronze socketted spearhead, finely worked blade fitted with a strong midrib, with three strong parallel grooves tapering to the point; the socket decorated with three concentric rings. 556 grams, 58cm (22¾"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100

A bronze spearhead with projecting midribs, long folded socket, decorated by concentric horizontal lines at the base and beneath the blade, horizontal triangles and vertical grooves along the shaft; triangular blade with round shoulders, ornamented by vertical lines running parallel to the midrib; pair of holes on the lower part of the shaft for attachment to a wooden haft. 562 grams, 55cm (21¾"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100

Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1980-2015. Literature Cf. Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg (2003) in Russian, plate XXXIV, nos.106 and 117, for types. Footnotes Parallels for this magnificent massive spearhead can be found in the Caucasus and Sub-Caucasian regions, as shown by specimens from Lchashen (Armenia) and Kornisi (south Ossetia). The military character of these regions is well attested by their history. The Late Bronze Age confederation of Hayasa-Azzi, formed by the two kingdoms of Armenian Highlands, Hayasa located south of Trabzon and Azzi, located north of the Euphrates and to the south of Hayasa, was in continuous conflict with the Hittite Empire in the 14th century BC.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Ex important Japanese collection, 1970s-2010. Literature See similar typology in Khorasani, M.M., Arms and Armour from Iran - The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period, Tübingen, 2006, p.626, cat.271. Footnotes The spearhead, cast in one piece, belongs to the type VIII, subtype B (triangular blade) of the Khorasani classification. Similar spearheads were excavated by Dr. Negahban in the Marlik necropolis (tomb 1, trench III D) and are preserved in the National Museum of Iran, Teheran.

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301

302

301

ELAMITE DECORATED MACE HEAD Late 3rd millennium BC A bronze mace head comprising a long cylindrical shaft with narrow flanged base partially preserved, the upper section with three vertical relief panels decorated by herringbone pattern divided and bordered by parallel ridges, similar band with ridged grooves around the base. 592 grams, 24.5cm (9¾"). Fine condition, socket chipped. £350 - 450 EUR 410 - 530 USD 480 - 620 Provenance Ex important Japanese collection, 1970s-2010. Literature See Godard, A., Les Bronzes du Luristan, Paris, 1931, pl.XIX, no.58, for a similar mace; see also Christie's, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 1, London, 2002, p.24, nos.18-19; Khorasani, M. M., 'Bronze and iron weapons from Luristan' in Antiguo Oriente: Cuadernos del Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente, 7, 2009, fig.8. Footnotes According to Godard, these bronze implements were fittings for axe shafts (Godard, 1931, p.59). More recent interpretations agree on their character as mace heads. This knopped bronze mace head was probably made using the lost-wax process.

302

WESTERN ASIATIC VOTIVE MACE HEAD INSCRIBED TO THE GODDESS NANSHE Early Dynastic IIIb Period, c.2500-2340 BC A cylindrical mace head, the upper section with alternating stylised snakes and vertical rows of four prominent spikes, the short cylindrical shaft engraved with five lines of Sumerian, a standard type of votive inscription, readable except for the name of the donor’s father and his occupation: 'To (the goddess) Nanshe, Bala, son of …, …, has offered (this mace).' 350 grams, 12cm (4¾"). Fair condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10873-179755. Literature See Godard, A., Les Bronzes du Luristan, Paris, 1931, pl.XIX, no.58, for a similar; Khorasani, M. M., 'Bronze and iron weapons from Luristan' in Antiguo Oriente: Cuadernos del Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente, 7, 2009, fig.8.

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304

Footnotes According to Godard these bronze implements were bronze fittings for the axe shafts (Godard, 1931, p.59). More recent interpretations agree on their character as mace heads. This knopped bronze mace head was probably made using the lost-wax method.

303

IRON AGE HASANLU MACE HEAD 9th century BC or earlier A bronze mace head with squat, bulbous body, medial band of ornament alternating between large ovoid and shallow rectangular lobes, cylindrical neck, collared below and with three right-angled studs above, possibly stylised birds. 166 grams, 80mm (3"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex important Japanese collection, 1970s-2010. Literature Cf. The University of Philadelphia Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, object number 60-20-279, for similar.

304

CANAANITE EPSILON AXEHEAD 3rd-2nd millennium BC A bronze crescent-shaped axe with bulbous detailing at the centre of the blade, projecting from both sides at its centre and a curved tang for attachment to the shaft or to a pole; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 920 grams total, 31cm including stand (12¼"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a gentleman from Jerusalem; previously in an old Israeli collection; accompanied by a copy of Israeli export permit number 43725. Literature See Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg, 2003, pl.XIX, n.66 and pl.XX, nn.91-93, for the typology. Footnotes The axe shows strong similarity with an ancient specimen from SoloyPompeiopolis, Cilicia. Like the Cilician specimen, the axe was not attached to the shaft with fastening holes drilled in the blade and then fixed to the shaft with laces, but only one central protuberance was strictly folded around the shaft. The system was more archaic and less secure, as a prolonged use of the axe could facilitate it to break. The iconography of some axes from Megiddo and Canaan, however, in the period between the XX and the XVII century BC, seems to point a prolonged use of this type of axe together with the newer typologies fastened to the shaft with three protuberances, sometimes folded around the wood, sometimes laced.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


305

306

305

BABYLONIAN ARROWHEAD OWNED BY EULMASH-SHAKINSHUMI, KING OF BABYLON Late Middle Babylonian Period, 1000-984 BC A bronze tanged leaf-shaped arrowhead, either side of the rib inscribed with 'Eulmaš-š kin-šumi', inscribed in cuneiform as 'É-ulmaš-GAR-MU', reading (property) 'Of Eulmash-shakin-shumi, king of the world'. 8.2 grams, 65mm (2½"). Fine condition, cleaned. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From a private family collection formed in London from the mid 1980s to early 1990s. Literature See Brinkman, J.A., Political history of Post-Kassite Babylonia (1158-722 b. C.), Rome, 1968, p.161, for discussion of identical inscriptions on fourteen arrowheads known at the time of the book's publication.

307

Provenance From the private collection of a London antiquarian since the 1980s. Literature Cf. D'Amato, R. and Sumner, G., Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier: From Marius to Commodus, 112 BC-AD 192, London, 2009, fig.32, p.45, for a similar glandes from Zaragoza Museum. Footnotes The slingshot (type Ia of the Völling classification) is inscribed with the abbreviated name of Julius Caesar; it was used in quantity at the Battle of Monda (or Munda) against the last fellows of Pompey, the leaders of the Optimates, on the 17th March 45 BC. Similar shots were used in the civil war among Pompey and Caesar, for which such bullets were created. The slingers of Caesar's age were part of the light infantry. Caesar already speaks of his Balearic slingers during the conquest of Gaul, who usually wore a short tunic and leather or rope sandals, along with a coat which could also have been used to store projectiles. Rather, they used a satchel to carry very deadly leadlike stones or bullets. The men employed several slings: one was tied around the head for quick employment should the other break during the battle.

307 Footnotes King Eulmash-shakin-shumi was the founder of the 6th Dynasty of Babylon, named the B;t-Bazi Dynasty after the Kassite tribal group from which its leaders were drawn. There are discrepancies in the information surviving about his reign; whilst the Dynastic Chronicle states that he ruled for fourteen years, the King List A suggests a rule of seventeen years. The events leading to the king's rise to power unfolded in the context of the chaotic close of the Second Sealand Dynasty, and in the midst of the turmoil inflicted by the famine-induced Aramean migrations. During this period, Eulmaš-š kin-šumi appears to have seized the throne and possibly moved his capital to Kar-Marduk, a hitherto unknown location, and easily defensible. Upon his death, king Eulmash-shakin-shumi was buried in the Palace of KarMarduk, the dynastic capital. A 9th century stele relating to temple endowments at Sippar relates that the king restored food offerings to Shamash, and entrusted a garden plot in a part of Babylon known as the 'New City' to the then high priest there. The weapons unearthed with inscriptions such as the one offered here were likely votive, as opposed to military, pieces.

306

ROMAN JULIUS CAESAR SLINGSHOT 1st century BC

ROMAN CNAEUS POMPEY SLINGSHOT 1st century BC A facetted biconical lead slingshot (glans) with inscription in Latin letters 'CN' (Cneius) 'MAG' (Magnus) on one side, and 'IMP' for 'IMPERATOR' (victorious general) to the other side, i.e Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus Imperator (Pompey the Great the victorious general). 70 grams, 43mm (1¾"). Fine condition. £150 - 200 EUR 180 - 240 USD 210 - 270 Provenance From the private collection of a London antiquarian since the 1980s. Literature Cf. D'Amato, R. and Sumner, G., Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier: From Marius to Commodus, 112 BC-AD 192, London, 2009, fig.32, p.45, for a similar glandes from Zaragoza Museum, the one with the name of Pompey inscribed coming from Munda battlefield. Footnotes The shot (Völling type 1C) is marked with the abbreviated name of Gnaeus Pompey; it was used in quantity at the Battle of Monda (or Munda) against Julius Caesar, 17th March 45 BC. The projectiles could be of different material: in lead (glandes) or in pottery or stone (lapides missiles). Sometimes they were signed with the name of the general, like in our specimen.

A biconical facetted lentoid-section lead slingshot (glans) inscribed with '[C] A [ES]' referencing Julius Caesar. 59.7 grams, 35mm (1½"). Fine condition. £200 - 300 EUR 240 - 350 USD 270 - 410

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139


309

308

310

308

ROMAN ARMOUR FRAGMENT WITH NAKED GIANT TYPHON 2nd-3rd century AD A group of three fragments of a bronze armour, embossed with the feet of Zeus-Jupiter, or Mars-Ares, wearing a pair of greaves and military footwear (calcei), over the head of the giant-monster Typhon, the right hand raised up, together with a part of his monstrous snake foot. 78 grams total, 7.3-10mm (3 - 4"). Fair condition. Rare. [3, No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970. Literature See complete specimen of a greave with the same iconography in Negin, A., 6+526$ 129/6/9-377 $ 95%1 %9 6 %/67 6%3(3 (Roman decorated armour of the Principate Era), Moscow, 2020, no.359, and a fragmentary similar piece no.399. Footnotes The objects are fragments of a bigger decorated armour, either from a greave (ocrea) or more likely a plate/section of a horse chamfron (prometopidion). It represents one of the last episodes of the war among gods and the giants, the victory of Zeus over the giant Typhon.

309

EASTERN ROMAN SILVER BELT MOUNT GROUP c.7th century AD A multi-part belt comprising: fifteen silver elements: a belt buckle of ovoid form, with volutes and foliage decoration on the half-cylindrical shield; six strap-retainers of ovoid shape with bird-head terminals, decorated in a similar way; one similar strap-retainer, of smaller dimensions, identically decorated; three counter-plaques to the buckle, similarly ornamented; five strap-ends, decorated in a similar way with the addition of two long palm leaves. 136 grams total, 1.910cm (¾ - 4"). Fine condition. [15, No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

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Literature See for similar belt sets Von Hessen, O., Il materiale Altomedievale nelle collezioni Stibbert di Firenze, Firenze, 1983, fig.3a,b: Menis, G.C., I Longobardi, Milano, 1990, nos.X.46,X.47c,X.76c (plaques): Paroli, L., Umbria Longobarda, La necropoli di Nocera Umbra nel centenario della scoperta, Roma, 1997, a belt from grave 85, pl.22 and fig.16; horse harness in similar style (grave 42), pl30b; strap end (grave 32), pl.34a. Footnotes From the second quarter of the 6th century, Roman soldiers appear to have been furnished with the so-called composite belts, formed of fittings and pendants of silver, gold, bronze and gilded bronze. Such girdles, especially the golden ones, were probably influenced by Germanic, Iranian and Steppe people. Silver belt-sets from the Crimea and the western coast of the Black Sea may confirm the earlier use of composite belts by Roman soldiers stationed in the Bosphorus area. Similar sets to our belt have been found in Avar and Lombard graves, due to military and commercial interchanges and relations of these people with the Eastern Roman Empire. The present belt is related to the typology decorated with highly stylised linear and scroll ornaments, loosely related to the ‘mask fittings’ type.

310

BYZANTINE DOUBLE-BLADED AXEHEAD 10th-11th century AD An iron double axehead from Byzantium or Caucasus with curved blades, swept rear edge, square chin, central socket with flanged sides. 505 grams, 21.5cm (8½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of an East Sussex, UK, teacher; previously in a Dorset, UK, collection since the 1990s. Literature See Nicolle, D., The Armies of Islam 7th-11th century London, 1982, pl.D2; for examples represented in artworks Nicolle, D., Arms and Armour of the Crusading Era, 1050-1350 AD, volume II, London, 1999, figs.33c, 119e-f. Footnotes Small battle double axes like this one are rarely found in archaeology, but they were used by Eastern Romans and Armenians, where they are widely represented in the artworks (Studite Psalter, Byzantium, British Library Ms.Add.19532; Armenian Gospel, 11th century, ms.no.974, Yerevan, Armenia). Such weapons might have parallels in the light tabarzin cavalry axe of contemporary Islamic sources. Many Armenian mercenaries served in the Fatimid armies and their traditional equipment, like the double-axe, soon appeared in Egyptian art.

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311

BYZANTINE GILT HORSE HARNESS MOUNT GROUP 7th-8th century AD A set of gilt horse harness fittings comprising: seven lobate plaques ornamented by six circles on the sides and central pearled decoration, two identical plaques fitted with a fastening ring, five square plaques expanded outside with four lobes, a rectangular strapend with round terminal and foliage motives, a pentagonal buckle decorated with the same foliage ornament and two strap holders decorated with five lobes around the edge; probably of Eastern Roman workmanship. 44 grams total, 10-33mm (½ - 1¼"). Fine condition. [18, No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

311

Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature See Arslan, E.A., L'oro D'egli Avari, Popolo delle Steppe In Europa, Milano, 2000, for illustration of use and for comparable pieces, particularly p.97 and 135, cat.215,220.

312

BYZANTINE GILT HORSE HARNESS MOUNT GROUP 7th-9th century AD A suite of gilt-bronze harness mounts decorated with impressed concentric roundels comprising: five V-shaped plates; five similar with bar at the upper edge forming a slot; eight similar with loop above and suspension ring; two similar lacking the ring; tongue-shaped strap end; buckle with U-shaped loop and integral keeper. 65 grams total, 17-36mm (¾ - 1½"). Fine condition. [22, No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

312

Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

313

BYZANTINE SILVER HORSE HARNESS MOUNT GROUP 8th-10th century AD A suite of sheet-silver harness mounts comprising: twenty-three square plaques with a raised disc to each corner; twenty-eight disc appliqués with a quincunx motif; three similar with suspension loop to the edge; four larger quincunx studs; a substantial plaque with radiating petals and central boss with rosette; a conical boss with triskele motif to the apex. 65 grams total, 12-29mm (½ - 1"). Fine condition. [60, No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

314

KHAZAR SILVER HORSE HARNESS MOUNT GROUP

313

8th-9th century AD A mixed group of silver belt or harness mounts, including: onionshaped type with reserved foliage ornament and a slot at the broad end; piriform type with bearded human mask; tongue-shaped strapend with foliage; buckle with integral plate and loop, ferrous tongue. 45 grams total, 16-34mm (½ - 1¼"). Fine condition. [32, No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature See 25179- . ., ' -9%/95* 9 */9-71 -99/* 17795(6 7351,176 53,(9-529$ 2*,&(*/ (%9 +3(1/63,3+ %9'/1 176$ 5 59 176 +6 * 9'9+9, 737529'9 6 /3579'9/529'9 +9'6,&7629-)' in !5762 . 413, 1998, for discussion.

314

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141


315

315

MIGRATION PERIOD SWORD WITH JEWELLED HILT AND SCABBARD ELEMENTS 5th-6th century AD An Eastern-Roman double-edged sword with parallel-sided blade and broad pointed tip, battle nicks to both cutting edges, the rhomboidal lower guard with a chip-carved gilt iron plate to the frontal face, divided into sections with spiralling garnet cloisons and the forming panels filled with geometric interlace of garnet and gold ornaments; the exceptionally well preserved wooden hilt ornamented with four gold sleeves, each ornamented with concentric circles; the pommel comprising a flattened agate disc, fastened with an iron nail set with garnet cloisons forming a flower; accompanied by silver elements from the scabbard, two with eagle protomes. 1.05 kg, 87.5cm (34½"). Fine condition, cleaned and conserved. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 17,750 - 23,670 USD 20,590 - 27,460 Provenance Property of a European gentleman living in London; from his grandfather's collection by descent in 1989; formerly in the family collection since at least the 1970s; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato and a positive metal test from an Oxford specialist; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10885-180932. Literature See Behmer, E.,Das zweischneidige Schwert der germanischen Völkerwanderungszeit, Stockholm, 1939; Lebedinsky, I., Armes et guerriers barbares au temps des grandes invasions, Paris, 2001; Spier, J., Treasures of the Ferrell collection, Wiesbaden, 2010.

315

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Footnotes The sword belongs to the type IV of the Behmer classification of the Germanic swords, originating from the Sarmatian-Alanian long sword. Similar scabbard elements are visible on the sword from Phanagoria, within Krasnodar Krai (Lebedinsky, 2001, p.118). It is quite natural that Type IV swords have been found in the countries conquered or settled by the Goths in southern, central and Western Europe. Their relative rarity in these areas depends, at least in part, on the early Christianisation of the Goths and the associated custom to no longer place weapons in the graves. The main importance of our specimen is the exceptionally preserved wooden hilt and its ornamentation. One of the main characteristics of this group is the highly decorated guard, richly ornamented with garnets and gold, and this element has been preserved in our sword, together with the agate pommel. The origin of this decoration is still controversial matter, but most of the scholars accept the hypothesis that this kind of decoration, born probably in the Caucasus regions during the 4th century, soon spread to the Roman Empire. By the early 5th century, the Byzantine workshops of the imperial capital of Constantinople were producing very fine objects with inlaid garnets, including sword guards. These swords were used by the Roman soldiers, of Latin, Greek or Germanic origin, and naturally were also given as gifts to the Barbarian chieftain allies of the empire.

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316

PRE-VIKING SILVER-GILT HELMET MOUNT 6th-7th century AD A silver-gilt decoration from a helmet forming the end of the crest; stylised bird-head with concentric rings for eyes and extended beak, pierced at the lower end for attachment; hollow to the reverse. 16.2 grams, 92mm (3½"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex collection of a Surrey, UK, gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously on the European art market before 2000. Literature See Mortimer, P., Woden's Warriors, Ely, 2011, figs.H4, H5, H7. Footnotes Appliqués of this type formed the finials for the thickened crests used on helmets of the Vendel Period in Scandinavia: specific examples include those from Broa, mounds 5 and 6 in the gravefield at Valsgärde, all in Sweden. The bird-head typically sits on the wearer's forehead above the nasal.

316

317

VERKHNE-SALTOVO GILT HORSE HEAD PLUME HOLDER WITH PENDANTS 8th-9th century AD A bronze gilded horse headpiece and twelve large circular bronze plaques from a Khazar horse harness, the headpiece formed as a large convex oval plate with a carved wavy edge and a hollow tube in the form of a truncated cone. 248 grams total, 6.7-11.3cm (2½ - 4½"). Fine condition. [13, No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature See 25179- . ., ' -9%/95* 9 */9-71 -99/* 17795(6 7351,176 53,(9-529$ 2*,&(*/ (%9 +3(1/63,3+ %9'/1 176$ 5 59 176 +6 * 9'9+9, 737529'9 6 /3579'9/529'9 +9'6,&7629-)' in !5762 . 413, 1998; 25&979- . ., 9 9-377 2971+ /*'9 %9,9-676 VIII-IX 5(. -1/ 7&9 (1 ! /. !-1/5&26$ 971 & ( 3 +3(1/!3,3+6 53,(!-5&26 '/*7(9-6 +9'6,&762!-). 65237 . !5(. 73*2. 3/2!-, 1999; 25179- . ., ' * 1 37526$ 23(329+ 7 $ +9'6,&762 53,(9-9-+3 29$ 2*,&(*/ 73 1-1/529+ 97 1' in 97523 3/ 19,9'6 2001, No 1-2. Footnotes Recent studies carried out at the Verkhny Saltovsky burial ground (Volchansky district of the Kharkov region) by the archaeological expedition of the Kharkov Historical Museum under the leadership of V.G. Borodulin (1984-1992), has allowed the discovery of several interesting complexes containing sets of horse harness ornaments, which included horse headpieces. Horse plume holders, along with other ornaments of harness belts, similar to our specimen, were found in three of four separate horse burials located on the north-western slopes of the Kapnnosovy ravine.

317

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143


318

318

VIKING HORSE HARNESS PENDANT AND CHAMFRON CREST HOLDER CREMATION GROUP c.10th century AD A gilt-bronze Scandinavian or Eastern Viking horse harness assemblage comprising: twelve piriform plaques each with a central cell; eleven smaller rectangular plaques; a chamfron or bridle cap with running interlace decoration to the rim, reserved images of human and animal figures, central plume-holder; a quantity of smaller fittings. 468 grams total, 11-113mm (½ - 4½"). Fine condition. Rare. [74] £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 9,470 - 11,830 USD 10,980 - 13,730 Provenance From a central London, Westminster, collection; previously in a private collection formed in Europe in the 1980s; accompanied by a detailed report by Anglo-Saxon and Viking specialist Stephen Pollington and military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10920-181154. Literature Cf. Petru-Mircea, I., ‘Spar av vikingatid i Rumanien’, in Pilz, E., Bysans och Norden. Akta for Nordiska forskarkursen i bysantinsk konstvetenskap, 1986,

144

Stockholm, 1989, pp.191-202; Gorelik, M., ‘Arms and Armour in South-Eastern Europe in the Second Half of the First Millennium AD’ in Nicolle, D., Companion to Medieval Arms and Armour, Woodbridge, 2002, pp.127-148. Footnotes The decoration of the cap indicates that the items were commissioned by a chieftain with Scandinavian taste, although the workmanship is mainly eastern European. There is strong evidence of burning, indicating that the items were deposited after cremation.

319

NORMAN FOUR PLATE HELMET 11th-12th century AD A Norman or Cuman four-plate iron helmet, skilfully made to accommodate the curvature of the human head, and with a point at the apex; contoured so that the top and bottom plates overlap the side-plates by 1-2cm, with iron rivets passing through this overlap to secure them in position; the rivets worked flat into the surface of the helmet, almost invisible from the outside but detectable on the inner surface; two holes at the base of either side, possibly used for the attachment of cheek-pieces; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 1.1 kg total, 28.5cm including stand (11¼"). Fine condition, some restoration. A rare example. [No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


319

320

Provenance Property of an East Sussex, UK, teacher; previously part of a UK collection; acquired in the 1990s; accompanied by an academic report by military expert Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10869-179719.

be inserted through a now closed ring; two parallel side rivets, possibly for the attachment of cheek-pieces; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 1.4 kg total, helmet: 20.5cm (8"). Fair condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490

Literature See Curtis, H.M., 2,500 Years of European Helmets, North Hollywood, 1978; Denny, N. & Filmer-Sankey, J., The Bayeux Tapestry, London, 1966; Kirpicnikow, A. N., ‘Russische Helme aus dem Frühen Mittelalter,’ in Waffenund Kostamkunde, 3rd Series, Vol. 15, pt. 2, 1973; Nicolle, D., Byzantine and Islamic arms and armour; evidence for mutual influence, [in:] Warriors and their weapons around the time of the Crusades, relationship between Byzantium, the West and the Islamic world, Padstow, 2002, pp. 299-325; Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period - Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, pp.326-7, item I.34.4.; D’Amato, R., ‘Old and new evidence on East-Roman helmets from the 9th to the 12th centuries,’ in Acta Militaria Medievalia, 2015, XI, pp.27-157, items fig.23, nn.1-2 and pl.1.

Provenance Property of a London gallery; formerly acquired in Germany before 2015; originally in a 1980s Austrian collection; accompanied by an academic report by military expert Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10870-178853.

Footnotes Helmets of this general profile and with some form of conical crest were used by the military of the Black Sea region from the 7th century onwards. The rivetted-plate construction was employed across Europe from the Migration Period through to the 12th century. It is this form which appears on the heads of English, Breton and Norman warriors in the Bayeux tapestry (Nicolle 2002, pp.308-309; Pl.VIII:A-E), and also on the heads of Eastern Roman soldiers in the famous Skilitzes Matritensis illuminated manuscript, today at the National Library of Spain, Madrid.

320

NORMAN FOUR-PLATE HELMET 11th-12th century AD A Norman or Cuman four-plate iron helmet constructed from curved triangular sections converging at the apex; the bowl contoured so that the front and back plates overlap the side-plates by 1-2cm with iron rivets passing through this overlap to secure them in position; the rivets worked flat into the surface of the helmet, almost invisible from the outside but detectable on the inner surface; the plate-junction at the apex with a small tip, allowing a plume or horsehair streamer to

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Curtis, H.M., 2,500 Years of European Helmets, North Hollywood, 1978; Denny, N., & Filmer-Sankey, J., The Bayeux Tapestry, London, 1966; Kirpicnikow, A. N., Russische Helme aus dem Frühen Mittelalter, Waffen- und Kostamkunde, 3rd Series, Vol.15, pt.2, 1973; Nicolle, D., Byzantine and Islamic arms and armour; evidence for mutual influence, [in:] Warriors and their weapons around the time of the Crusades, relationship between Byzantium, the West and the Islamic world, Padstow, 2002, pp.299-325; Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period - Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, pp.326-7, item I.34.4; D’Amato, R., ‘Old and new evidence on East-Roman helmets from the 9th to the 12th centuries,’ in Acta Militaria Mediaevalia, 2015, XI, pp.27-157, fig.23, nn.1-2 and pl.1. Footnotes Helmets of this general profile and with some form of conical crest are a longlived military fashion in the Black Sea region, and appear in designs on the bone of a Khazar saddle of 7th-8th century date from the Shilovskiy grave field (Samara region); a similar helmet (of presumed 5th century AD date, but probably later) is housed in the St. Petersburg Museum (inventory reference PA72), previously in the MVF Berlin until 1945 (under inventory ref. IIId 1789i); D’Amato (2015, pp.65ff.) proposed to be of an Eastern-Roman origin of this typology, based on the interchange of the Roman and Khazar military technology. The so called rivetted-plate construction, known across Europe from the Migration Period through to the 12th century AD, appears on to be worn by the English and Norman warriors in the 'Bayeux tapestry' (Nicolle, 2002a, 308-309; 2002b, Pl. VIII:A-E). The typology of these Steppe helmets is visible in specimens of a 12th-13th century date in the Cuman graves of the Black Sea Region, in Cuman graves from Anatolia (probably mercenaries of the Roman army) and in the Mongol armies of 13th century AD.

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321

323

VIKING PETERSEN TYPE X SWORD

VIKING PETERSEN TYPE X SWORD

10th-11th century AD

10th-12th century AD

A double-edge cutting sword of Petersen Type X with a fine tapering blade, shallow fullers bearing traces of pattern-welding, battle nicks to the blade; a boat-shaped hollow lower guard and tapering tang, tea-cosy pommel. 950 grams, 92.5cm (36½"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240

A double-edged Viking or Norman sword of Petersen Type X, welldefined cutting edges and fullers to the blade with traces of pattern-welding and battle nicks; wide lower guard of Oakeshott Style 1, tapering tang and tea-cosy pommel. 900 grams, 89.5cm (35¼"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240

Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato and a positive metal test from an Oxford specialist; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10887181349. Literature Cf. Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919, sword from Skeje, Hordaland, fig.128, p.163; Oakeshott, E., Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, 1991; Roesdahl, E., Wilson, D.M., From Viking to Crusader: The Scandinavians and Europe 800 to 1200 (22nd Council of Europe Exhibition), Copenhagen, 1992; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking Age, Suffolk, 2002, sword from Tissø, Ars, no.C8727; abi ski, G., ‘Viking Age Swords from Scotland’, in Acta Militaria Mediaevalia III, Kraków, Sanok, 2007, pp.29-84. Footnotes The sword belongs to Petersen Type X (Petersen, 1919, pp.158ff) and Oakeshott type XI (1991, pp.53ff.) categories, finding good parallels in various similar Viking and Norman age specimens (Peirce, 2002, pp.115ff.). One of the most evident parallels is the sword find B 860-63 from Skeie, Kvinnherred; a second one from Tissø, Danemark, today in the National Museum in Copenhagen; other two excellent specimens of this typology may be seen at the Musée de L'Armée, Paris (Peirce, 2002, pp.118-121). The overall proportions of our specimen are eye-catching and it is strikingly similar to a pattern-welded sword found with a large number of other objects, at Camp de Péran, Côtes-d'Armor, France, in a 10th century context, probably linked with the early Norman settlers in Normandy or Norman raids in Breton Lands (Roesdhal, Wilson, 1992, p.321, cat.no.359). Another sword of the same type was discovered in Scotland, at Styes of Brough, Sanday, Orkney ( abi ski, 2007, fig.2). The presence of pattern welding traces, if confirmed by scientific analysis, can suggest that good quality high-carbon steel was used in the process of making this sword.

322

VIKING PATTERN-WELDED SWORD WITH SILVER DECORATED HILT 10th century AD A double-edged sword of Petersen Type L or S variant, the blade with wide tapering fullers showing traces of pattern-welding, both cutting edges with battle nicks; boat-shaped cross guard with expanding terminals and silver inlay, the inlay with incised ornaments within a double zigzag border, long tang and five-lobed pommel. 890 grams, 93.5cm (36¾"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,920 - 8,280 USD 6,860 - 9,610 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato and a positive metal test from an Oxford specialist; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10893181299. Literature See Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919; Wilson, D.W. ‘Some Neglected Late Anglo-Saxon Swords,’ in Medieval Archaeology, 1965, no.9:1, pp.32-54; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking Age, Suffolk, 2002; abi ski, G., Viking Age Swords from Scotland, in Acta Militaria Mediaevalia III, Kraków, Sanok, 2007, pp.29–84; the sword finds parallels in various similar Viking age specimens of L variant, two very similar swords, both preserved at the British Museum, have been published by Peirce (2002, pp.77-81); on the other hand the combination of the curved guard with five-lobed pommel seems to design an evolution of the pattern of variant S, like the sword in the University of Oslo (from Sandbu Farm, Vaage, Oppland, Norway, Peirce, 2002, pp.102ff.); similar boat-shaped guard and five-lobed pommels are visible on a sword from Mileham, Norfolk, (Castle Museum, Norwich: inv.no.2IO.949, see Wilson, 1965, pl.VIa) the blade of which is also pattern-welded.

146

Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato and a positive metal test from an Oxford specialist; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10892181350. Literature See Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919; Oakeshott, E., Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, 1991; Oakeshott, E., The Sword in the Age of the Chivalry, Woodbridge, 1964 (1994); Gravett, C., Medieval Norman Knight, 950-1204 AD, London, 1993; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking Age, Suffolk, 2002; a very similar sword with a similar hilt, was found in Hagerbakken (Petersen, 1919, fig.124); another parallel is a sword from Tissø, Denmark, today in the National Museum in Copenhagen, a water find; other two excellent specimens of this typology can be seen at the Musée de L'Armée, Paris (Peirce, 2002, pp.118-121); further similar examples are visible in the Tower of London and in the Historisches Museum of Berne (inventory no.840.5, see Oakeshott, 1964, p.95). Footnotes The sword is of Petersen type X of (Petersen, 1919, pp.158ff) and finds good parallels in various similar Viking age specimens. The B type pommel is indicative of the category. According to Petersen, these kind of swords spanned over an extensive temporal period, from the first half of the 10th century until the middle 11th century AD, but we know now that individual swords of type X are considered among the latest of the swords from the Viking age, and were in use in the 11th and 12th centuries. They are represented in the hands of the Norman knights of the Bayeux Tapestry, where even Duke William is armed with such a sword with a tea cosy pommel.

324

WESTERN MEDIEVAL HAND-AND-A-HALF SWORD 14th century AD An iron longsword of Oakeshott's Type XV.A with tapering, pointed blade of flattened diamond section, the edges with battle nicks; the style 4 cross with downturned tips, long grip with slight taper; style K disc pommel with chamfered edges. 779 grams, 87cm (34¼"). Fair condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750 Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously with a London private collector from 2007; formerly in the Peter Ing Till collection, Vienna, Austria, since 1990; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato. Literature See Oakeshott, R.E., The Archaeology of the weapons, London, 1960; Oakeshott, E., The sword in the Age of the Chivalry, Woodbridge,1964 (1994); Oakeshott, E., Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, 1991; Oakeshott, E., Sword in hand, London, 2001 (2007); many specimens recall our sword: one of the most striking examples is in the Wallace Collection, London (Oakeshott, 2001 (2007) p.102); another extremely similar sword is published by Oakeshott (2001 (2007) p.114, fig.96); these swords are of exactly the same type as that visible on the monument of Can Grande Della Scala in Verona and that on the Berkeley effigy at Bristol (Oakeshott, 1960, pp.308-309 and pl.12); other similar specimens are from a group in the collection of the late Sir James Mann, found in Northern France, another in Yorkshire (Victoria & Albert Museum), and yet another, probably from Italy, has an Arabic inscription; varying a little in size, otherwise almost identical (Oakeshott,1964 (1994) p.59). Footnotes The sword belongs to the category XVa of Oakeshott (1991, pp.127 ff.), which seems to first have appeared in the second half of the 13th century. These swords were of the well-known 'Bastard' or 'hand-and-a-half' type. The general outline or silhouette of this type is much like that of the previous type XIV, but the section of the blade is different, as in the prime function of the sword. The type XV allowed the warrior to deliver a lethal thrust, even when the opponents protection was completely made of metal plate, whereas the blade XVa type was generally narrow and slender.

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321

322

323

325

MEDIEVAL OAKESHOTT TYPE XII SWORD Late 11th-early 14th century AD A beautifully proportioned iron single-handed sword with Oakeshott Type I pommel, quillons of Style 2; gently tapering two-edged blade with shallow fuller, battle-nicks to the edges; parallel-sided straight lower guard, medium tang and disc pommel with chamfered sides; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 2.4 kg total, 101.5cm including stand (40"). Fine condition, cleaned and conserved. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 7,100 - 9,470 USD 8,240 - 10,980 Provenance Previously in the private collection of Dr Demetrius Spanos; acquired from Bonhams, London, 'Antiques, Arms and Armour, including items from the estate of John M. Kauffmann' sale, 23 July 2015, lot 169; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10886-181120.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

324

325

Literature See Oakeshott, E., The Sword in the Age of the Chivalry, Woodbridge, 1964 (1994); Oakeshott, E., Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, 1991. Footnotes The sword is of the 'war sword' type, typology XII of the Oakeshott's classification; it presents, like all the type XII swords, a broad, flat, evenly tapering blade, a good sharp point and perceptibly widening below the hilt. It has the usual disc pommel found on medieval swords and straight quillons. However, as stated by Oakeshott, the type XII is the most difficult type of medieval sword to identify, often confused with the type X (Oakeshott, 1964, fig.14) or XVI. The general shape of the weapon suggests a date of the middle of 13th century date, but the blade could be earlier. This observation is linked with the analogy of our specimen with a specimen from Dusseldorf (Oakeshott, 1991, p.82). The blade of our sword, by comparison of its hilt with the Dusseldorf sword and with a sword of late Viking style and positive date from one of Dr. Leppaho's graves, and an almost identical one from Russia, could also be dated to the middle of 11th century AD.

147


Stone Age Bronze Age Iron Age Also see lots 1452 - 1533 148

Lots 326 - 340


326

STONE AGE UPPER PALAEOLITHIC 'VENUS' IDOL Upper Perigordian Culture, Gravettian Period, 25th-20th millennium BC A stone statuette of a piriform female figure with narrow shoulders and ample teardrop-shaped breasts, hands carved in low-relief descending in arches over the massive rounded belly and large buttocks, short thighs bordering an elongated pubic triangle, lightly sketched knees, the head proportional to the body, no facial features but with an indefinite type of coiffure. 965 grams, 16cm (6¼"). Fine condition. Rare. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960; accompanied by an academic report by Prof. Neritan Ceka and a scholarly note TL05410 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10935-181341. Literature Cf. The Venus of Willendorf, NHM Vienna, for similar; see also Grand, P.M., Prehistoric Art: Paleolithic Painting and Sculpture, London, 1967; Gvozdover, M., Art of the Mammoth Hunters: The Finds from Avdeevo, Oxbow Monographs, 1995; Lesure, R.G., Interpreting Ancient Figurines: Context, Comparison, and Prehistoric Art, Cambridge, 2011. Footnotes The importance of the Venus statuettes lies in the fact that they are the first three-dimensional artistic creations of man. Most scholars consider them symbols of the cult of fertility and evidence of the existence of a matriarchal society as a form of organization of the earliest human society. The statue belongs to the Venus of Willendorf type of Palaeolithic idols, with obese female characteristics: huge breasts, exaggerated buttocks and genitalia, which have been found from France and Russia. Stylistically, for treatment with rounded shapes, the forward tilted head with non-detailed coiffure, our statue is closest to the Eastern European figures, like the Kostenski, Gagarino or Avdeevo Venuses, belonging to the period of Gravettian art.

326

327

STONE AGE RITUAL PESTLE Neolithic, 5th-3rd millennium BC A polished dark stone grinding pestle with rounded working end tapering to a rounded butt; a transverse groove to one side of the butt, suggesting a mouth with two small drillings above for eyes, one with an inset bead in situ. 690 grams, 16cm (6¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; acquired on the European art market in the early 1980s. Footnotes Likely for ritual use.

328

LARGE STONE AGE GRAND PRESSIGNY 'LIVRE DE BEURRE' Neolithic, 3rd millennium BC A larger than usual and well-formed 'livre de beurre' core in the familiar yellow-brown flint; a small area of original cortex visible to one end. 2.37 kg, 29cm (11½"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

327

Provenance Property of a Kent collector since before 2000; from Grand Pressigny, Indre et Loire departement, France. Literature See Martin, Dr. H., Etude sur les Livres de Beurre du Grand Pressigny, in Société Préhistorique de France, 1906, pp.45-55, and plate. Footnotes These distinctive pieces are called 'pounds of butter' from the often butteryyellow fabric and their shape resemblance to traditional butter slabs in France; the technique involved the careful forming of a shaped core from the large and naturally occurring flint cobbles, from which were struck one or more long Levallois blades which, in turn, were widely traded and have been found across Europe.

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328

149


329

STONE AGE BRITISH HAND AXE Mesolithic, 15000-7000 BP 329

A finely knapped bifacial axe with convex cutting edge tapering to a rounded butt; in a pale grey flint; with old collector label numbered 16. 422 grams, 14.3cm (5½"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Ex Dr. M. G. Weller collection; reputedly found Swanscombe, Kent, UK. Literature See Palmer, S., Mesolithic Cultures of Britain, Dolphin, 1977, p.99, for a similar piece.

330

STONE AGE BRITISH HAND AXE Early Neolithic, 6000-4000 BP A finely knapped axe with convex cutting edge tapering to a slightly pointed butt; in a grey flint; with old collector label numbered 2. 250 grams, 13cm (5"). Fine condition. £250 - 300 EUR 300 - 350 USD 340 - 410 330

Provenance Ex Dr. M. G. Weller collection; reputedly found Swanscombe, Kent, UK. Literature See Evans, Sir J., The Ancient Stone Implements, Weapons and Ornaments of Great Britain, London, 2nd edition, 1897, figure 23, for a similar piece.

331

STONE AGE BRITISH HAND AXE Mesolithic, 15000-7000 BP A knapped bifacial axe with convex cutting edge tapering to slightly pointed butt; in a creamy, off-white flint. 184 grams, 13cm (5"). Fine condition. £250 - 300 EUR 300 - 350 USD 340 - 410 Provenance Ex Dr. M. G. Weller collection; reputedly found near Cottishall, Norfolk, UK; with old collector labels numbered 7 and 93. Literature See Palmer, S., Mesolithic Cultures of Britain, Dolphin, 1977, p.54, for a similar piece.

331 332

STONE AGE SPANISH HAND AXE GROUP Lower Palaeolithic, c.600,000 BP A group of three knapped handaxes formed on cobbles; in orangebrown chert; with old numbered collector labels and explanatory note. 1.8 kg total, 12.7-14.2cm (5 - 5½"). Fine condition. [3] £250 - 300 EUR 300 - 350 USD 340 - 410 Provenance Ex Dr. M. G. Weller collection; acquired by exchange with a Spanish museum; from River Guadalqueviae river terraces. Footnotes These handaxes are among the earliest of human-made stone implements.

332

150

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333

BRONZE AGE SPIRAL BRACELET 15th-12th century BC A substantial bronze spiral-wound D-section arm-ring with tapering ends. 691 grams total, 29.2cm including stand (11½"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance From a UK collection, acquired in the 1990s; formerly in a USA collection, acquired at Palm Springs Antique Fair, Florida.

334

BRONZE AGE GOLD COILED HAIR RING 1st millennium BC A gold hair ring composed of a coiled round-section gold bar with flattened terminals. 19.23 grams, 28mm (1"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1980-2015.

335

BRONZE AGE ELECTRUM GOLD RING 1st millennium BC

333

An electrum gold ring or adornment with rectangular-section hoop, expanding at the shoulders to form a ribbed bezel. 5.97 grams, 20.74mm overall, 16.04mm internal diameter (approximate size British G, USA 3¼, Europe 4.92, Japan 4) (¾"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From the Alexander Cotton collection, Hampshire, UK, 1970s.

336

'THE ALFRISTON' BRONZE AGE PALSTAVE AXEHEAD 15th-10th century BC A bifacial bronze palstave axe head with tapering lentoid-section body, fanning out to a D-section blade, midrib from the central transverse ridge, socket formed with two deeply recessed flanges to both faces. 518 grams, 17.9cm (7"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

334

Provenance Found whist searching with a metal detector near Alfriston, West Sussex, UK, on 2 April 2017; recorded with the Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) with record number SUSS-F9E46D; accompanied by a copy of the PAS report, and a copy of a photograph of the axehead when found. Literature Cf. Savory, 1980, pg.190, no.151 and 157, for similar. Published The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, record id. SUSS-F9E46D, for this item.

335

336

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151


337

BRONZE AGE BATTLE-AXE WITH SPIKED DISC Mid 16th-mid 13th century BC A bronze axehead comprising a tubular socket with external facets, a slender, curved blade with rounded cutting edge, spike to the rear with broad disc; mounted on a custom-made stand. 519 grams total, 27cm including stand (10½"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Property of a private New York collection, acquired from a Swiss gallery; ex Swiss private collection, acquired on the Swiss art market, 1990; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10658-174368. Literature See Cleveland Museum of Art, Bronze Age Battle Axe from Hungary, Purchase from the J. H. Wade Fund 1988.3, for a comparable example.

338 337

LARGE EASTERN CELTIC DOUBLE-PINNED LA TÈNE FIBULA 3rd-1st century BC A bronze bow fibula of Middle-Late La-Tène Period, the oblong triangular body decorated with central line and rope motif on the border with side spiral. 18.3 grams, 84mm (3¼"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970. Literature See for similar specimen Guštin, M. & Stankovi -Pešterac, T., 'Die ostkeltischen spätlatènezeitlichen wagengräber im Burgmuseum Deutschlandsberg und aus Hrtkovci-Vukoder in Syrmien' in VAMZ 3 Serjia LIII, 2020, pp.51-83, pl.1, fig.1.

339

LARGE IRON AGE DOUBLE SPIRAL BROOCH 11th-8th century BC 338

A bronze spectacle brooch of Type I, formed as a single length of round-section wire with a pair of small reversed loops between, one end hooked to form the catchplate and the other extended for the pin. 52 grams, 11.6cm (4½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £250 - 350 EUR 300 - 410 USD 340 - 480 Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection; previously acquired in Munich, Germany, between 1992 and 1996. Literature Cf. Hattatt, R., Ancient and Romano-British Brooches, Sherborne, 1982, item 186.

340

CELTIC GOLD PLAQUE Early 3rd century BC 339

A gold plaque of bilobate shape, decorated with repoussé interlaced pattern of diamonds; four piercings at the corners for attachment. 3.37 grams, 35mm (1½"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From a private UK collector; previously the property of an East Anglian collector; acquired in Europe in the late 1940s. Literature See Lejars, T., 'Au l'aube du IIIe.s. av. J.C.: les fourreaux d’épée à décor estampé sur fer' in Gosden, C., Crawford, S. & Ulmschneider, K., Celtic Art in Europe, making connections, Oxford, 2014, pp.239-263, figs.28.1. and 28.9, for similar patterns.

340

152

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Saxon Viking & Germanic Also see lots 1534 - 1632

Lots 341 - 388 153


341

341

VIKING AGE GILT SILVER JAR WITH INTERLACED DESIGN AND PSEUDO ISLAMIC INSCRIPTION c.11th century AD A sheet-silver vessel with later gilded outer face, globular body on a low splayed foot-ring, rolled rim; repoussé ornament comprising a circumferential ring below the neck, two parallel rings to the equator above a band of looped and interlaced tendrils with leaves and ring below, hatching to the foot-ring; median band with legend in pseudo Islamic script. 301 grams, 10.6cm high (4¼"). Fair condition. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,830 - 16,570 USD 13,730 - 19,220

154

Provenance Property of a gentleman; acquired on the UK art market in 1998; formerly in a private German collection since the 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11007-181733. Literature See Fehérvári, G., Islamic Metalwork of the Eighth to the Fifteenth Century in the Keir Collection, London, 1976, for discussion of proto-types.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


342

342

LARGE VIKING AGE VOLGA-BULGAR GILT SILVER PLATE WITH HORSE AND RIDERS 10th-11th century AD A large sheet-silver platter with rolled edge and scalloped border to the bowl; rim with three panels of dense niello-filled scrollwork and three roundels each with a gilt quatrefoil; repoussé fluted border with raised knop at the apex of each scallop; central motif of a horseman advancing with horn in his raised hand, gilded with niello outline and incised linear detailing, within a heavy guilloche border with gilded outer ring; enclosing band of heavy niello ornament, a parcel-gilt

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frieze comprising two horn-bearing riders, two opposed lions, two opposed panthers(?), a goose (or swan?) attacked by a bird of prey, a bowman with recurved bow in one hand and quiver slung horizontally at his waist, a bear advancing towards him. 259 grams, 34.8cm (13¾"). Fair condition, restored. [No Reserve] £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240 Provenance Property of a gentleman; acquired on the UK art market in 1999; formerly in a private German collection, since the 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11008-181735.

155


343

343

VIKING AGE SILVER NOBLEMAN'S DIADEM 10th-11th century AD A sheet-silver rectangular band with incised ornament in the tremolier technique, comprising a median panel of dense regular knotwork flanked by two panels of undulating bands passing through rings; pierced at each end for attachment. 31 grams, 17.5cm (7"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature Cf. Jilina, N. V., Slavic and Old Russian Art of Jewelry and its Roots, St. Petersburg, 2006, p.179, fig.2.

344 344

VIKING AGE DECORATED SILVER BRACELET 9th-11th century AD A silver penannular bracelet with round-section shank, trapezoidal flattened finials with bands of incised herring bone texturing and band of punched pellets. 24.7 grams, 62mm (2½"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously in a UK private collection before 2000.

345

VIKING AGE SILVER FILIGREE LUNAR PENDANT 9th-11th century AD

345

A large silver crescent-shaped pendant ornamented with applied pellets around the perimeter, three domed trefoils with applied granule borders and collars to each of three arms with central cluster, field with granules arranged into chevrons and small clusters; tubular suspension loop with horizontal row of applied granules and granulated collars. 5.62 grams, 50mm (2"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989. Literature Cf. Makarov, N.A. ed., Rus v IX-X Vekach: Archeologicheskaya Panorama, Moscow, 2012, p.332, items 2-3.

346

VIKING AGE SILVER FILIGREE PENDANT 9th-12th century AD

346

A silver lozengiform pendant with applied ropework and pellet borders, pellets in the field and four pairs of scrolls with twisted wire borders and pellet fill extending from the perimeter, orbiting a twisted wire roundel bearing four granules arranged in a cross motif. 2.88 grams, 34mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989.

156

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347

VIKING SILVER CONTORTED BEAST PENDANT 10th-11th century AD A Smolensk-type concave-section pendant with integral suspension loop; the openwork plaque with three-band border and four florid panels, internal stylised zoomorph with hatched panel to the hip, gripping hands to the body and border, facing mask below the loop with pellet eyes. 7.5 grams, 38mm (1½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989. Literature Cf. Korshyn, V.E., Yazicheskiye Priveski Drevniye Rysi X-XIV Vekov, Moscow, 2013, items K.1.02-04.

347

Footnotes There is a class of discoid pendants with banded borders and contorted figures found in the hinterland of the Baltic region, associated with the influence of Scandinavian settlers. The design of these items recalls specific elements of Scandinavian art - for example, the 'gripping hands' motif is a feature of the Oseberg Style named after the famous Norwegian ship-burial. Oseberg Style is associated with the beginnings of the Viking age, and was current in the 9th century when Scandinavian settlers began to establish centres of trade and political control in the area of the rivers Dnieper and Volga. The motif has been interpreted as a horse and linked with various legends and mythic figures.

348

VIKING SILVER RINGERIKE ENTWINED BEAST PENDANT 11th century AD A discoid pendant with integral pierced suspension lug, billetted border with looped serpents around the central boss with segmented collar. 13.8 grams, 42mm (1¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750

348

Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989.

349

VIKING AGE SILVER FILIGREE PENDANT 9th-11th century AD A silver discoid pendant with filigree border enclosing a central lozengiform motif composed of four filigree scrolled crescents, clusters of applied granules within and to the field; suspension loop above decorated with filigree borders. 3.75 grams, 36mm (1½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989. Literature Cf. Arbman, H., Birka I: Die Gräber, Uppsala, 1940, for discussion and comparable examples; cf. Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, for discussion and comparable examples.

349

350

VIKING AGE SILVER FILIGREE PENDANT 9th-11th century AD A silver discoid pendant with applied ropework border followed by a series of figure-of-eight twisted wire motifs with pellets above and below, a plain wire border, a central cross with scrolled arms formed using applied ropework, annulets in four corners, pellets and figureof-eight fill; broad suspension loop with ropework border, figure-of-eight central motif and pellet terminals. 3.82 grams, 35mm (1½"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989. Literature Cf. Arbman, H., Birka I: Die Gräber, Uppsala, 1940, for discussion and comparable examples; cf. Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, for discussion and comparable examples.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

350

157


351 353

352

351

352

VIKING AGE SILVER-GILT MOUNT WITH UGRIC FALCONER ON HORSEBACK

VIKING SILVER DRAGON-HEADED IRON PIN 9th century AD

10th-12th century AD A silver-gilt roundel with a Ugric falconer on horseback, a falcon on his arm, horn in his hand, surrounded by forest animals, a disc in the field above, a gammadion below, the gilding providing a high contrast with the niello field, framed by a pricked dot roundel; symbol engraved on the reverse. 3.85 grams, 33mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature Cf. Adams, N., Bright Lights in the Dark Ages. The Thaw Collection of Early Medieval Ornaments, New York, 2014, item 6.20. Footnotes The disc is a close parallel for the 'falconer disc' type of ornament found in the Ural region and known from a number of similar finds. The type is believed to have been made by the court craftsmen of the Volga Bulgar capital at Bilyar. This citadel was destroyed by the Mongols in 1236 AD. The discs remained in use as heirlooms for a considerable period. The iconography represents a falconer hunting with his favourite bird, surrounded by a sample of the wildlife of the northern forests. Some examples show the falconer raising a drinking horn to his lips. In addition to the gilt band, there is evidence for the use of niello to provide a stark contrast to the bright metal surfaces. The purpose of the discs has never been established for certain, but one possibility is that they were used as tally or accreditation items, guaranteeing safe passage to the bearer throughout the territory of the issuing ruler.

An iron spike or pin with silver head comprising a flared panel with loop to accept a chain and lattice ornament, P-shaped upper section with Oseberg style ring-chain motif to each face and inverted beasthead with open C-shaped jaws. 52 grams, 15.8cm (6¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10922180957. Literature Cf. Franceschi, G., Jorn, A. & Magnus, B., Fuglen, Dyret og Mennesket i Nordisk Jernalderkunst, vol.2, Borgen, 2005, item 102, for type.

353

CONTINENTAL FRANKISH SILVER EAGLE BROOCH Later 5th-6th century AD A silver-gilt plate brooch of a stylised bird with lozengiform body; a cell to the hooked beak, discoid eye, trapezoidal tail and two triangular cells within bilinear borders to the body, each filled with red enamel; catch and pin-lug to the reverse. 8.1 grams, 39mm (1½"). Fine condition; worn, enamel chipped. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From the collection of a Tyne & Wear, UK, gentleman; acquired from an old gentleman's collection, Winchelsea, East Sussex, UK. Literature Cf. MacGregor, A. et al., A Summary Catalogue of the Continental Archaeological Collections, Oxford, 1997, items 39.2, 70.6.

158

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354

355

356

354

355

PRE-VIKING GILT SILVER EAGLE BROOCH WITH ODIN

VIKING SILVER THOR'S HAMMER PENDANT

6th-7th century AD

9th-10th century AD

A silver-gilt bird with small carinated head, broad disc body and trapezoidal tail; the centre of the back formed as a male face with large eyes and broad moustache enfolded in the bird's overlapping wings; catch and remains of ferrous pin to the reverse; the face probably that of the god Oðinn (Odin). 9.73 grams, 48mm (2"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820

A silver pendant and suspension ring with twisted loop ends; rounded hammer-shaped pendant with punched pellet detailing, triangles with pellets inside and two ring-and-dot eyes. 15.4mm, 49mm (2"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370

Provenance From the collection of a Tyne & Wear, UK, gentleman; formerly acquired on the Austrian art market in 1992. Literature See Jaenbert, K. The mania of the time. Falconry and bird brooches at Uppåkra and beyond, in On the Road. Studies in Honour of Lars Larsson, Lund, 2007 for a full discussion of the iconography of bird-brooches in relation to the cult-site at Uppåkra. Footnotes Examples of this type of bird-brooch have been found at the important religious site of Uppåkra (southern Sweden) where they evidently formed part of the religious iconography of the community. The symbolism of the bird bearing a human face can be deduced from the myth of the gaining of the Mead of Wisdom (recorded first in writing some centuries later reported by Snorri Sturluson in Skáldskaparmál) in which the god transforms himself into a bird of prey. Having managed to drink the magical mead by subterfuge, Oðinn manages to escape in bird form from the hall under the mountain where the giant Suttung had hidden it. This myth is encoded in many artefacts of the Vendel Period and later.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989. Literature Cf. Pentz, P., Verden på et fad: Sølvskatten fra Vølse. in Danefæ - Skatte fra den Danske Muld, Københaven, 2010, p.181, fig.2.

356

VIKING SILVER FIGURAL CROSS PENDANT 10th-11th century AD A silver pectoral cross with pierced lug at the apex, raised linear borders enclosing a facing Corpus Christi with cross above the head. 9.41 grams, 50mm (2"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989. Literature Cf. Franceschi, G., Jorn, A. & Magnus, B., Mennesker, Guder og Masker i Nordisk Jernalderkunst, vol.1, Borgen, 2005, item 237.

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358

PRE-VIKING GILT SILVER BEAST-HEAD CROSS SWORD MOUNT

VIKING VALKYRIE CUP-BEARER PENDANT

Later 6th-7th century AD

10th century AD

A silver-gilt chip-carved sword fitting or mount composed of a cruciform body with rounded arms bearing outward-facing stylised beast heads in relief, the creatures with large eyes, furrowed brows and flared nostrils, raised square central plaque ornamented with almond forms to each corner, inner border and raised square central cell set with garnet cloison; attachment bar to reverse. 16.30 grams, 44mm (1¾"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120

A flat-section bifacial bronze plaque depicting a standing female in profile in full length dress and knotted headdress, hair falling down her back, ornament to her garments, processing left, holding a drinking horn in her extended hands, pierced lug to the reverse. 10.4 grams, 45mm (1¾"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490

Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously in a private UK collection; formerly acquired in Germany before 2000; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10951-178876. Literature See Franceschi, G., Jorn, A. & Magnus, B., Mennesker, Guder og Masker i Nordisk Jernalderkunst, vol.1, Borgen, 2005; see Hammond, B., British Artefacts vol.1 - Early Anglo-Saxon, Witham, 2009; see Menghin, W., Das Schwert im Frühen Mittelalter, Stuttgart, 1983; see Pollington, S., Kerr, L. & Hammond, B., Wayland's Work: Anglo-Saxon Art, Myth & Material Culture from the 4th to 7th century, Ely, 2010; see Mortimer, P., Woden's Warriors. Warriors and Warfare in 6th-7th Century Northern Europe, Ely, 2011. Footnotes Sword pyramids were once a very rare class of find, discovered only in very high-status burials such as Niederstotzingen (Germany), Sutton Hoo Mound 1 (Suffolk, England) and the Broomfield barrow (Essex, England). Since the 1980s, a quantity of such finds have come to light and the object-class is now better understood. They are found predominantly in England, the Rhineland, central Europe and southern Scandinavia, and were a short-lived display item. The classic form is a truncated hollow gold (or silver, or bronze) pyramid with a bar to the reverse, inset garnet and glass plaques to the four faces and top (Pollington et al., fig.8.52 and plates 19, 54, 55; Hammond, p.73-4; Menghin, map 22). Several variant forms do exist, such as the octagonal-base and the conical types (Hammond, 2009, item 1.4.2.2-f; Mortimer, 2011, p.117). Another common Continental variant includes a flat-section rectangular plaque, as well as a form with curved edges to the plaque (Menghin, map 23). The present example with four beast-heads is apparently unique, although it has parallels in later harness and other mounts. The beast-heads have close parallels on the headplate of a 6th century AD silver bow-brooch from Stora Gairvide, Gotland (Franceschi et al., item 75) and on the footplate of another from a burial mound at Sandal, Norway (Franceschi et al., item 66). The exact purpose of the pyramids is not known, but when they occur in graves they are usually placed in pairs high on the sword's scabbard (Menghin, p.150 and fig.90) which suggests that they were used in the suspension of the scabbard from its belt, or more evocatively in the fastening of textile 'peace-bands' which secured the sword in its scabbard and provided a very visible demonstration that the owner did not intend to draw it in haste (Mortimer, p.116).

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Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11019-181318. Literature Cf. Arbman, H., Birka I: Die Graber, Uppsala, 1940, fig.92, items 8,10, for similar. Footnotes Representations of female figures holding drinking horns have often been referred to as Valkyries. Although it is impossible to verify this identification securely, it is highly tempting to make the connection between Valkyries and serving of a magical drink in myths. Drinking horns, popular in modern pictures of Vikings, were probably used only during special occasions, such as greeting important guests, celebrations or seasonal holidays. They were closely connected to the aristocracy, not only by virtue of their material value, but also as a result of their social and ritual roles. As M.J. Enright points out, it is probable that Germanic tribes adapted the concept of the military group, which played an important role in strengthening the bond between a king/chief and warriors from Celts in the age of Roman expansion. In a Germanic environment, this concept was slightly modified, and the serving of a drink by a noble/spiritual woman under the supervision of king/chief was viewed as a cultic act to strengthen the bond in that specific group, with the god Woden (Odin) as a patron (see Lady with a Mead Cup: Ritual, Prophecy and Lordship in the European Warband from La Tène to the Viking Age). In later sources, especially the Icelandic Eddas, we can find several examples of goddesses serving or preparing a drink. Hel is waiting for Balder with mead in her realm of death, the giantess Gunnloð is the guardian of the magic mead (later stolen by Odin) and Freyr's bride-to-be Gerð serves a drink to Skirnir as an act of welcome and also reconciliation. The connection between a giantess and a magic drink is strong, as the goddess Freya asks another giantess, Hyndlja, to serve a magic beer to her protégée Ottar. We can also find a reference to a minor goddess Beyla, servant of the god Freyr, whose name can be a reference to a 'bee' thus connecting her to preparation of an 'ordinary mead'. In Asgard (the realm of the gods) goddesses Sif and Freya served the drink as an act of peace and conciliation, but it had no magical attributes. Women with drinking horns are also depicted on the famous Gotland picture stones either greeting a rider on a horse, approaching a bound figure in a snake (?) pit (possibly Gunnarr or Ragnar Lodbrok) or serving a drink to a hero (possibly Sigurd). The connection with rider scenes is one of the main reasons for identifying them as Valkyries, the servants of Odin choosing the one who will die on a battlefield and go to Valhalla. It is possible that we observe the same ritual 'bonding' between the fallen warrior and his king, Odin. An alternative identification for these female figures might be lesser deities. As R. Simek pointed out, the majority of small female figures have no drinking horn, but are richly adorned, and most likely represent minor fertility goddesses. These goddesses are named in the Eddas as servants of Frigg and Freya, but originate in the much older tradition of the so-called matrones, known from the late Roman period. Whether fertility goddess or Valkyrie, the image of a noble 'lady with a drinking horn' had a special meaning developed through centuries, making it one of the most distinctive and mysterious features of Viking culture.

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359

PRE-VIKING 'FREYR AND FREYA' EROTIC MOUNT 3rd-5th century AD A bronze mount formed as a standing male and a female, each with one hand extended across the body touching the other's genitals; hollow to the reverse. 10 grams, 45mm (1¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989. Literature Cf. Oldtidens A., Det kongelige Nordiske Oldskiftselska og Jysk Arkaeologist Selskab, 1990, p.134 and 138, for the gesture and design.

359

Footnotes A parallel to the style and pose of this 'couple' can be seen on several small bronzes inspired by Roman statuettes representing gods. However, similar bronze statues were already known in Scandinavia since the Bronze Age and were most likely of ritual significance. The specific crossed hand on a chest is a puzzling symbol, possibly symbolising a gesture of a specific god, ritual act or blessing. Another similarity can be observed on rock art in Scandinavia, especially the image of a 'divine couple', a strong motif known from the late Iron Age depicted on many golden sheets called guldgubbers. Several scholars argue that this image represents the marriage of god Freyr and giantess Gerd; however, it may also represent a union of Freyr with his sister Freya. From later sources, it is known that the Vanir, an ancient race of gods, had a custom to marry or have intercourse with their siblings. Njord, the father of Freyr and Freya, was from this tribe, and sources suggest that they were conceived with his sister-wife. She might have been the mysterious Suebi goddess Nerthus, which the Roman historian Tacitus wrote about in Germania. Her statue was kept in a sacred grove on an unknown island, drawn in a holy cart and only priests could touch her. Everywhere the goddess came she was met with celebrations of peace and hospitality. After she returned to the temple, everything was washed by slaves, who were drowned shortly after. Her connection with fertility, peace, and water, definitely points to the Vanir race; and she shares several similarities with the later worshipping of Freyr. This mount probably represents either Njord and Nerthus, or Freyr and Freya, and may have been used as a votive offering or worn as an amulet to invoke the fertile powers of those gods.

360

VIKING AGE FINNO-UGRIC SIX-EYED GODDESS MOUNT 9th-12th century AD

360

A bronze figural mount formed as a squatting goddess with six lentoid-shaped eyes, long nose, headdress, a stylised demon face in her torso, bird-like demons emerging from behind, loop to reverse. 20.6 grams, 53mm (2"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

361

VIKING AGE FINNO-UGRIC ODIN MOUNT WITH BEASTS 9th-11th century AD A discoid bronze mount with openwork Odin figure with stylised triangular face and large circular eyes, enclosed by two serpentine beasts. 8.4 grams, 35mm (1½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

361

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362

363

SCANDINAVIAN VIKING BORRE STYLE BROOCH SUITE AND KNIFE GROUP

SCANDINAVIAN ASSEMBLAGE

9th-10th century AD

10th century AD

A dress assemblage comprising: a matched pair of bronze tortoise brooches, each a shallow dome bearing low-relief interlace banded ornament with a ropework border and narrow flange rim, transverse bar, pin and catch to the reverse; double-link bronze chain for suspension between the brooches; bronze equal-arm brooch with Borre style ornament and domed lugs, catch and pin-lugs to the reverse, loop for a securing chain; a double-sided bone comb with incised transverse segmented bands, one edge with coarse teeth and the other with fine teeth; a single-edge knife comprising an iron blade with scooped tip and integral bolster, columnar bronze grip with panels of Borre style interlace. 459 grams total, 5.7-39.5cm (2¼ 15½"). Fine condition; one tortoise brooch with ancient repair (rivetted panel). [9] £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240

A bronze brooch and pendant assemblage comprising: a tortoise brooch with high-relief palmette ornament, facing masks with pellet eyes, ribbed panels and other ornament, catch, pin bar and ferrous pin to the reverse; pendant suite comprising a suspension bar of two opposed goats with conjoined horns forming the loop, transverse bar with six holes each with a short bronze chain ending in a pair of bronze rumbler bells. 238 grams total, 8.3-20cm (3¼ - 8"). Fine condition. [2] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120

Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10993-181311.

Literature Cf. Petersen, J., Vikingetidens Smykker, Stavanger, 1928, p.55, figs.48,49 (Petersen types P48, P49); Hildebrand, H., Kongl. Vitterhets Historie Och Antiqvitets Akademiens Manadsblad, Stockholm, 1876, fig.82; Arbman, H., Birka I: Die Gräber, Uppsala, 1940, fig.151; Sedov, B.B. Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, plate XII (33).

Literature See MacGregor, A. et al., A Summary Catalogue of the Continental Archaeological Collections, Oxford, 1997, item 4, for oval brooches; LehtosaloHilander, P-L., Luistari II The Artefacts, Helsinki, 1982, p.42 (item 9) for knife; Ewing, T., Viking Clothing, Stroud, 2007.

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363

VIKING

JELLINGE

TORTOISE

BROOCH

Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10944-181327.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


364

ANGLO-SAXON BROOCH SUITE WITH BLUE GLASS BEADS 6th century AD A suite of brooches and beads comprising: a bronze cruciform brooch with three collared knops to the rectangular headplate with raised trapezoidal panel, carinated bow with vertical moulding, beast-head lappets, horse-head finial with raised pellet eyes and scrolled nostrils, pin-lugs to the reverse with catch and remains of the ferrous pin; two flat bronze annular brooches each with groups of radiating strokes, one with remains of the ferrous pin; restrung group of graduated deep blue glass annular beads. 146 grams total, 4.2-52cm (1½ - 20½"). Fine condition. [4] £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370

364

Provenance Property of a Nottinghamshire gentleman; acquired on UK art market; previously in a Suffolk, UK, collection. Literature Cf. MacGregor, A. & Bolick, E., A Summary Catalogue of the Anglo-Saxon Collections (Non-Ferrous Metals), Oxford, 1993, item 12.18 (cruciform); ibid. 10.32 (annular); Brugmann, B., Glass Beads from Early Anglo-Saxon Graves, Oxford, 2004, item 94b (beads).

365

VIKING AGE FINNO-UGRIC HORSE MOUNT WITH CHAIN DROPS 10th-11th century AD A bronze zoomorphic pendant formed as braided bands of wire alternating with openwork zigzag bands, at each end a hooked terminal shaped as a horse in profile; seven applied suspension loops beneath each with a short chain and dangle shaped as a wading bird's foot; Mordvinian type; mounted on a custom-made stand. 311 grams total, 22.6cm including stand (9"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature Cf. Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, pl.XLVII (19).

365

366

VIKING HORSE PENDANT WITH CHAIN DROPS 10th-12th century AD A bronze pendant with openwork rectangular body and stylised horse head terminals, comprising horizontal rows of geometric motifs and low-relief ribbed detailing, eight rings to the lower edge, six with a coiled figure-of-eight loop and webbed-foot dangle; two suspension loops to the reverse. 79 grams, 13cm (5"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously in a London private collection; formerly acquired in the 1970s. Literature Cf. Golubeva, L.A., Zoomorfniye Ukrasheniia Finno-Ugrov, Moscow, 1979, pl.6, item 4, for similar.

366

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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371

VIKING HORSE PENDANT WITH CHAIN DROPS

VIKING AGE FINNO-UGRIC BROOCH WITH CHAIN DROPS

10th-12th century AD

10th-11th century AD

A bronze pendant with openwork rectangular body with stylised horse head terminals, horizontal rows of geometric motifs and low-relief ropework detailing, eight rings to the lower edge, each with a short coiled figure-of-eight loop and webbed-foot dangle; two suspension loops to the reverse. 94 grams, 12.5cm (5"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960

A bronze annular brooch formed as two rings of concentric wires separated by an undulating band of wires and another to the outer rim; vertical wire plaque above with scroll finials; loop for the pin and catch to the inner ring; to the lower edge, fourteen suspension rings each with a short chain and a dangle formed as the foot of a wading bird; Mariytsy type; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 282 grams total, 23.5cm including stand (9¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820

Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously in a London private collection; formerly acquired in the 1970s. Literature Cf. Golubeva, L.A., Zoomorfniye Ukrasheniia Finno-Ugrov, Moscow, 1979, pl.6, item 4, for similar.

368

VIKING HORSE PENDANT WITH CHAIN DROPS 10th-12th century AD A bronze pendant with openwork rectangular body with stylised horse head terminals, horizontal rows of geometric motifs and low-relief ribbed detailing, seven rings to the lower edge, each with a short coiled figure-of-eight loop and webbed-foot dangle. 71 grams, 10.2cm (4"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously in a London private collection; formerly acquired in the 1970s. Literature Cf. Golubeva, L.A., Zoomorfniye Ukrasheniia Finno-Ugrov, Moscow, 1979, pl.6, item 4, for similar.

369

VIKING HORSE BROOCH WITH CHAIN DROPS

Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature Cf. Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, pl.XLVII (7).

372

VIKING AGE FINNO-UGRIC HORSE PENDANT WITH CHAIN DROPS 9th-11th century AD A bronze zoomorphic pendant formed as a pair of addorsed horseheads in profile with suspension loop formed as a facing human mask; bar with six short pendant chains each terminating in the foot of a wading bird; Mordvinian type; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 326 grams total, 19cm including stand (7½"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature Cf. Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, pl.LI (8).

10th-12th century AD 373 A bronze brooch with openwork circular body decorated with alternating bands of ribs and chevrons, addorsed horse head terminal above four applied coiled discs, eight rings to the lower edge, each with a coiled figure-of-eight loop and webbed-foot dangle; loop to the inner face with articulate tongue for attachment. 87 grams, 14.2cm (5½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously in a London private collection; formerly acquired in the 1970s. Literature Cf. Golubeva, L.A., Zoomorfniye Ukrasheniia Finno-Ugrov, Moscow, 1979, pl.6, item 4, for type.

370

VIKING AGE FINNO-UGRIC HORSE BROOCH WITH CHAIN DROPS

VIKING AGE FINNO-UGRIC HORSE PENDANT WITH CHAIN DROPS 9th-11th century AD A bronze zoomorphic pendant formed as a pair of addorsed horseheads in profile with suspension loop above and pierced median column; bar below with six short pendant chains each terminating in a jingle; Mordvinian type; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 132 grams total, 17.5cm including stand (7"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature Cf. Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, pl.LI (1).

10th-11th century AD 374 A bronze annular brooch formed as concentric wire rings with an undulating band of wires to the outer rim; vertical wire plaque above with addorsed horse-head finials; loop and pin to the inner ring; to the lower edge, seven suspension rings each with a short chain and a dangle formed as the foot of a wading bird; Mariytsy type; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 355 grams total, 27cm including stand (10½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature Cf. Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, pl.XLVII (7).

VIKING AGE FINNO-UGRIC SLEIPNIR HORSE PENDANT WITH DROPS 10th-11th century AD A bronze zoomorphic pendant formed from a braided band of wire shaped as a horse in profile with applied suspension loop to the back, eight vertical twisted columns (legs?) below the body each with a bulb-shaped dangle and a similar one to the tail, smaller one below the horse's chin; Mordvinian type; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 73 grams total, 12.3cm including stand (5"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature Cf. Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, pl.XLVII (22).

164

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


367

371

368

372

369

373

370

374

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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375

VIKING BORRE STYLE PIN HEAD WITH BEASTS AND RAVENS 9th-early 10th century AD A finial from a bronze ring-headed dress pin comprising: a facing animal mask with pricked ears and triangular muzzle, spur to the upper face with transverse hole to accept a wire ring (for the attachment of a securing cord); flanking the mouth, two bulbs developing to expanding ribbed and looped bands with pellet and crescent detailing, central openwork column with D-shaped mask above; Borre Style ornament throughout, hollow to the reverse; pin absent; mounted on a custom-made stand. 106 grams total, 15.5cm including stand (6"). Very fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,920 - 8,280 USD 6,860 - 9,610 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10948-181312. Literature Cf. Lehtosalo-Hilander, P-L., Luistari II The Artefacts, Helsinki, 1982, fig.32, for type.

376 375

LARGE PRE-VIKING OPENWORK BROOCH 8th-9th century AD A large bronze disc brooch with openwork decoration; segmented rim enclosing an arcade, eight radiating florid arms extending to acanthus-leaf scrolls, central starburst motif; to the reverse, the catch and iron pin. 171 grams total, 22cm including stand (8¾"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

376

Footnotes The style of the brooch is not typical of Scandinavia in the Viking period, although the decoration is clearly inspired by Carolingian and Ottonian rosette motifs - a similar model lies behind the 9th century Anglo-Saxon Fuller Brooch (British Museum acquisition 1952,0404.1) and the disc brooches from Pentney (e.g. acquisition number 1980,1008.5). The openwork execution is also unusual for this period although it does feature on the 8th century Anglo-Saxon disc brooches from the Galloway Hoard (National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh). It is possible that the brooch was already an antique when it was lost or hidden.

377

VIKING AGE MOUNT WITH ODIN AND RAVENS 9th-11th century AD A bifacial U-shaped mount with curved terminals and trapezoidal lug below, stylised raven-head terminals with wing detailing, geometric forms below, Odin head incorporating pierced lug as a gaping mouth, large circular eyes. 51 grams, 85mm (3¼"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

378

VIKING FIRE STRIKER WITH ODIN AND RAVENS 10th-12th century AD A bifacial bronze fire striker composed of a handle with openwork scene of two large, stylised standing ravens, each facing the centre of the object, forming a loop between their two heads and looming over a figure of Odin, border of circles below, bar below, some remaining detail to the birds' bodies, heads and beaks. 17.8 grams, 52mm (2"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 377

166

Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


379

SCANDINAVIAN VIKING 'GREAT BEAST' WEATHER VANE TERMINAL 11th century AD A gilt-bronze Ringerike style 'Great Beast' finial for a Viking long-ship weather vane or other similar nautical piece of equipment, formed in the round as a standing quadruped with scrolls to the hips and shoulders, raised head with eye; rivetted at the feet for attachment to a rectangular plate now detached, the plate with eight rivet spikes for attachment to the underside. 138 grams total, 93mm (3¾"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240

378

Provenance From a central London, Westminster, collection; previously in a private collection formed in Europe in the 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10983-181153. Literature For ship-vanes of Ringerike style see Graham-Campbell, J., Viking Art, London, 2013, items 138-140; for a discussion of Viking-period weather vanes and their re-use as badges of nobility in Normandy, see Engström, J. & Nykänen, P., New Interpretations of Viking Age Weathervanes, in Fornvännen, vol.91, 1996; Lindgrén, S., Viking Weather-Vane Practices in Medieval France in Fornvännen, vol.91, 1996 and Lindgrén, S., Viking Weather-Vane Practices in Medieval France in Fornvännen, vol.78, 1983. Footnotes The navigation techniques in use in Iron Age Northern Europe were very sophisticated, as would be expected from people bordering the Baltic, North Sea and North Atlantic where boat- and ship-building traditions have been perfected over more than a thousand years. A carved wooden panel from Bergen, Norway, shows a number of Viking longships at sea, some with weathervanes mounted on the stempost. They are mounted vertically with the beast on the outer end. Gilded bronze weathervanes appear on the roofs of medieval churches in Sweden, Norway and Finland where they are often regarded as ornamental: symbols of access to resources and craftsmanship for the important families who endowed such buildings. These weathervanes in many cases originally adorned ships and were used as part of the navigational equipment. They may have inspired the medieval Norman custom of attaching a gilded weathervane or cock to church roofs, which eventually spread to secular buildings such as castles in France and Italy where their use was restricted to certain ranks of nobility (Lindgrén, 1983). Weathervanes were used for determining the strength and direction of the wind, in conjunction with the sólarsteinn (sunstone) Icelandic feldspar which polarises sunlight and allows the sun's position to be determined in overcast conditions. A wooden bearing-dial fragment was found in Greenland - a destination colonised by Icelanders in the 11th century - with the 'horizon' divided into 32 sectors. This would give an accuracy of about 11 degrees per sector, which would make landfall using latitude sailing a straightforward matter. Engström & Nykänen (1996) suggested that the vanes were decorated with holes or markers on the outer edge which enabled the helmsman to make an assessment of the sun's height from the position and length of the shadow, and thus to work out his position by rule of thumb. These holes may have been used to attach streamers as a visual aid. The ships equipped with these weathervanes may have been the 'flagships' of their fleets, taking the lead in navigation and in manoeuvring. The dragon on the weathervane may thus have signified the position of the fleet's leader, and may even have given rise to the name drakka (dragon) for the largest type of Viking period ship.

379

380

VIKING BOAR'S HEAD BROOCH 9th-10th century AD A bronze animal-head brooch, trapezoidal in plan with triangular panels to the edges of the broader end, pecked texture across the surface, hole to the upper end; backplate absent. 32 grams, 49cm (2"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989. Literature Cf. MacGregor, A. et al., A Summary Catalogue of the Continental Archaeological Collections, Oxford, 1997, item 3.29, for type.

380

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167


381

SCANDINAVIAN VIKING GILT BORRE STYLE TREFOIL BROOCH WITH ANIMAL MASKS 9th century AD A superb gilt-bronze trefoil brooch with alternating hatched and plain segments to the rim, dense inner pattern of chip-carved Borre Style scrolls and whorls with hatched blocks at the nodes; central triskele with knotwork detail, each arm terminating in a facing mask with pellet eyes and banded headdress; reverse with catch on one arm and pin absent, pin-lugs on another and loop on the third for attachment of a swag of beads, chatelaine, knife or other item. 77 grams, 89mm (3½"). Extremely fine condition. An extremely rare world-class object. £20,000 - 30,000 EUR 23,670 - 35,500 USD 27,460 - 41,190 Provenance From an important Dutch collection; acquired in the early 1990s from Geert Nyboer, Bedum, Netherlands, who acquired the brooch in Northern Holland in the 1970s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10941181636. Literature Cf. Beck, H. et al., Fibel und Fibeltracht, Berlin, 2000, p.194-5, for discussion of the type; Ewing, T., Viking Clothing, Stroud, 2007 plate 38; Wilson, D.M. and Klindt-Jensen, O. Viking Art, London, 1968, pl.XXXII; Smith, R.A. British Museum Guide to Anglo-Saxon Antiquities, reprinted Ipswich, 1993, p.160. Published Polder Vondsten, Een Cultuur-historisch magazine, April 2009, p.64-65; accompanied by copies of the relevant Polder Vondsten, Een Cultuurhistorisch magazine magazine article pages. Footnotes This is an extremely rare example of a trefoil brooch with high-relief modelling to the surface detail. The Borre Style decoration was executed with precision in wax and the brooch itself cast by a master craftsman by the cire perdue process, then gilded to capture the glittering effect of the fine surface detailing; a true masterpiece. The trefoil type is based on a three-armed strap distributor for a sword-belt used by the Carolingian Franks, copied and re-modelled to Scandinavian taste and finally re-purposed as a female dress-ornament or brooch. A similar example from Tranby, Denmark, is held by the British Museum under acquisition number 1873,1211.1. The Tranby brooch is however less well-defined in its modelling and appears 'flatter' than the present example.

168

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381

169


383 382

384

382

384

ANGLO-SAXON GILT PIN HEAD WITH CHIP-CARVED PANELS

'THE SUTTON' ANGLO-SCANDINAVIAN VIKING GOLD PLAITED RING

7th-8th century AD

10th-11th century AD A gilt discoid pin head, the principal face ornamented with a chipcarved cross, trefoil knotwork in each quarter. 11.8 grams, 38mm (1½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Property of a Greater Manchester collector since the 1980s; thence by descent 1992. Literature Cf. Webster, L. & Backhouse, J., The Making of England. Anglo-Saxon Art and Culture AD 600-900, London, 1991, items 184, 185, for the comparable Witham pin-set and the Bolnhurst pinhead.

383

ANGLO-SAXON GILT CHIP-CARVED SAUCER BROOCH WITH HIDDEN FACES 6th century AD A gilt-bronze saucer brooch with everted flange rim, four quadrant panels and central concentric rings; two quadrants with Style I beast, two with facing mask with pellet eyes and moustache; remains of pinlugs and catch to the reverse. 33.6 grams, 46mm (1¾"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From the collection of a Tyne & Wear, UK, gentleman; found in Surrey, UK, in the 1970s. Literature Cf. MacGregor, A. & Bolick, E., A Summary Catalogue of the Anglo-Saxon Collections (Non-Ferrous Metals), Oxford, item 2.47, for type.

170

A gold annular band with rectangular-section hoop, plaited wire bezel and shoulders composed of three facetted gold wire strands hammered together at the lower shoulder, with an interesting ancient stepped joint to the band. 6.86 grams, 27.28mm overall, 22.02 x 13.73mm internal diameter, (approximate size British K½, USA 5½, Europe 10.58, Japan 10) (1"). Fine condition, hoop split, also with ancient repair. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750 Provenance Found while searching with a metal detector near the village of Sutton, Kent, UK, by Paul Smith on Monday 12th August 2019; declared as treasure and disclaimed by the crown under Treasure case tracking number 2019T856; accompanied by a copy of the Portable Antiquities Scheme Report (PAS) with reference number KENT-E2042E; a copy of the Treasure Receipt from the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport; a copy a letter from the British Museum disclaiming the object to the finder; and the Report on find of Potential Treasure to HM Coroner; and a letter from the finder describing the circumstances of finding. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1870,0402.77, for a ring of similar style and date; cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, id. SUSSC6C345; SF-1E15D7; WAW-0C7587; WILT-C90DD5; GLO-37A922 and YORYM-F67716, for rings of similar style and date; cf. Oman, C., British Rings 800-1914, London, 1974, pl. 12, fig. D for similar; see Graham-Campbell, J., The Cuerdale Hoard and related Viking-Age silver and gold from Britain and Ireland in the British Museum, London, 2011, pp.259-263. Footnotes Gold rings of this style and date are a relatively rare find, although broad parallels are known. The associated PAS report suggests a date of 'c. AD 9001100' for this ring.

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385

VIKING GOLD RING WITH STAMPED DECORATION 10th-12th century AD A broad gold finger ring with flared rims and median rib, two bands of opposed punchmarks, each a triangle with three pellets inside; several singular annulets and pellets by the outer flanges. 12.48 grams, 26.23mm overall, 22.56mm internal diameter (approximate size British Z+1, USA 12¾, Europe 29.99, Japan 28) (1"). Fine condition, worn and polished. A very large wearable size. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120

385

Provenance From the private collection of a Russian gentleman living in London; acquired from a Chelsea collector in the 2000s; the Chelsea collection having been formed from 1970-1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11027-181714.

386

VIKING AGE GOLD RING WITH TWISTED BEZEL 9th-11th century AD A gold finger ring with round-section hoop, coiled wire sleeves at the shoulders and twisted wire bezel. 3.42 grams, 24.67mm overall, 21.30mm internal diameter (approximate size British R, USA 8½, Europe 18¾, Japan 18) (1"). Fair condition, nicks and slightly misshapen. A large wearable size. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820

386

Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1841,0711.431, for comparable.

387

VIKING AGE GOLD FILIGREE PENDANT 9th-11th century AD or earlier A discoid gold pendant with three bands of filigree border, applied granules to the field, a central five-pointed star with concave sides formed from five crescents with scrolled arms, border of pellets within; broad suspension loop with filigree borders and scrolled S-motif. 4.21 grams, 29mm (1"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989.

387

Literature Cf. Arbman, H., Birka I: Die Graber, Uppsala, 1940, pl.98.

388

SAXON GOLD PENDANT WITH GARNET 6th-8th century AD A gold lozengiform pendant with flanged border, applied granules around a raised cell holding a polished garnet cloison, m-section loop to each corner and a fifth loop to the reverse. 1.66 grams, 24mm (1"). Fine condition, garnet cracked. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1980-2015.

388

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171


Medieval & Post Medieval Also see lots 1633 - 1805 172

Lots 389 - 449


389

389

LARGE MEDIEVAL FINE SANDSTONE VIRGIN AND CHILD STATUE Lorraine, France, c.1320-1340 AD

Provenance Acquired Lempertz, 12 May 2012; previously in a private German collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10880-181004.

A substantial carved sandstone figure of the Madonna and Child; Mary depicted seated on a rectangular pedestal wearing a floor-length gown gathered at the waist, mantle to the shoulders and wimple beneath a crown with acanthus-leaf ornament, her right hand resting on her thigh and holding a bunch of grapes; infant Jesus on her left knee wearing a loose swaddling, holding a partly-furled scroll in his hands. 35.2 kg, 70cm (27½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 9,470 - 11,830 USD 10,980 - 13,730

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173


390

MEDIEVAL OAK BUST OF A CROWNED WOMAN Northern France, 14th century AD A carved oak female bust (Madonna?) with draped veil and scooped neckline to her robe; the head in a drooping attitude and slightly turned, with doleful expression; crown worn over the veil with foliage ornament; remains of original gesso(?) foundation, white and red pigment; probably the upper part of a larger sculpture of the Saint Dié group. 1.1 kg, 22cm (8¾"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from Artcurial; previously in the collection of Altounian-Rousset; accompanied by a previously researched and illustrated six page cataloguing document with parallels.

390

Literature Cf. Forsyth, W.H., Mediaeval Statues of the Virgin in Lorraine Related in Type to the Saint-Die Virgin, Metropolitan Museum Studies, vol. 5, no. 2 (Sep. 1936), pp.235-258.

391

NORMAN GILT CRUCIFIX FIGURE c.11th-12th century AD A gilt figure of Christ crucified, wearing a three-lobed crown, shoulder length hair, blue enamelled circular eyes, beard and down-turned mouth, the ribs, upper torso and folds of the robe wrapped around his lower body delineated with engraved lines, affixing holes in the hands. 7.76 grams, 73mm (3"). Fine condition, feet chipped. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a Hertfordshire lady; by inheritance; ex David Miller collection. Literature Cf. Zarneckie et al., English Romanesque Art 1066-1200, London, 1984, pp.241-246.

392

MEDIEVAL ROMANESQUE PRICKET CANDLESTICK LION Late 11th-12th century AD A substantial bronze lion probably from the base of a lamp or pricket candlestick, the body modelled in a strong stance, with short legs, shallow paws, large eyes emerging under a voluminous mane, sculpted with full curls with scroll-like endings; a notch at three sides in the middle of the body indicating that the lion served as foot for a larger object. 2.8 kg, 17cm (6¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120

391

Provenance Property of a gentleman from Vienna; from his private collection formed since 1970; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10955-179098. Literature See Swarzenski, G., 'A Romanesque Aquamanile in the Guennol Collection' in Brooklyn Museum Bulletin 4:1-10, New York, 1949; Glass, A., ‘A Medieval Bronze Lion’ in Gesta, Pre-Serial Issue. Annual of the International Center of Romanesque Art Inc., Chicago, 1963, pp.1-3; Gabrieli, F. & Scerrato, U., Gli Arabi in Italia, Milano, 1989. Footnotes Lions were a favourite subject of Roman art and frequently appeared on cornices and on enriched mouldings. Sometimes they served as elements of waterspouts in the atria of Roman houses. The use of the lion head as a decorative element declined in the west in the 5th century AD, but was revived again in the 9th century in Carolingian art (see the bronze doors at Aachen). Swarzenski said that 'the artistic aims of Romanesque sculpture found their purest expression in these small works in metal, ivory, enamel and miniature painting which often surpass the official formal achievements of the monumental arts.'

392

174

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393

MEDIEVAL BRONZE CENSER Germany, c.1190-1210 AD A spherical bronze censer produced in two detachable halves possibly not belonging, the base with three fixing lugs to circumference and plinth foot, the upper body ornamented with openwork birds and vines within three arches around the body, foliate triangular panel above with trilobed finial, three fixing lugs to circumference. 607 grams, 13cm (5"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from the UK trade in 2007; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10918-180992. Literature Cf. The V&A Museum, accession number 1009-1898 and 544-1889, for very similar openwork sphere and spheres with openwork upper halves and solid lower halves, of this date.

393

394

MEDIEVAL PERSONAL SEAL MATRIX 13th-14th century AD A bronze seal composed of a pierced trefoil terminal, triple collared hexagonal handle and discoid matrix, device: tonsured monk in profile kneeling at the feet of a crowned monarch seated on a throne with legend around: GAUOLM 'D' ANG 'R' OEDE; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 13.2 grams, 28mm (1"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Ex private collection, Lancashire, UK.

395

'THE KIRKBY MALLORY' SEAL MATRIX OF HENRY, ARCHBISHOP OF ORWELL 15th-mid 16th century AD A very large lead vesica-shaped seal matrix bearing an incuse image of a stylised male figure, possibly a bishop, standing facing, left hand raised in benediction, wearing a decorated robe, holding a staff with cruciform finial, the surrounding Latin legend reads: '+ SIGILhEN RIC .ARChIE PISCOPI OR DWE LI N O', 'Seal of Henry, Archbishop of Orwell'; accompanied by an impression, held in a hinged wooden presentation box. 384 grams total, 79mm (box: 21 x 13cm) (3 (8¼ x 5)"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

394

Provenance Found whilst searching with a metal detector near Kirky Mallory, Hinckley and Bosworth, Leicestershire, UK, in 2018, by Robert Ward; accompanied by a copy of Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) report number LEIC-B9E481. Literature See Green, Dr. C., St Nicholas or 'Boy Bishop' tokens in fifteenth- and sixteenth-century East Anglia, the personal website and blog of Dr Caitlin Green, Wednesday 28th January 2015, for discussion of the use of boy bishop tokens. Footnotes Designated 'a find of note' and of 'County / local importance' in the associated PAS report, which dates the find to 1400-1550. The same report states 'Malcolm Jones has suggested the place name must be Orwell in Cambridgeshire as CODEPN 4th ed. shows that early forms of modern Orwell are spelled Ordwel- or Orewel-, making *Ordwelinus or *Orewelinus 'proper' Latin adjectival formations of the place name. The seal is of an inferior material for an official ecclesiastical seal and given the place name cannot be an attempt at a forgery. Malcolm Jones says: 'despite its crude execution, I consider the seal of the Archbishop of Ordwell to be of disproportionate importance as a unique relic of the popular late medieval burlesque Boy Bishop custom, particularly well-attested in East Anglia.'

395

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175


396

MEDIEVAL STAINED GLASS PANEL WITH CARRYING OF THE CROSS Germany, c.1520-1540 AD A rectangular glass panel with lead-alloy frame; painted scene of Christ wearing the crown of thorns kneeling on the Via Dolorosa carrying the cross, armoured figures behind with halberds and pikes and a boy taunting him. 250 grams, 22.5 x 15.5cm (8¾ x 6"). Fine condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired Rieunier & Associes, 15 March 2004, lot 122; accompanied by a previously researched cataloguing sheet. Literature See Barbara Butts and Lee Hendrix, Painting on Light Drawings and Stained Glass in the Age of Dürer and Holbein, Los Angeles, 2000, p.250.

396

Footnotes The painterly technique, can be compared with the work of the Danube school, known for their dramatic emotionally charged artistic approach, creating startling effects of perspective, dynamism, and illumination. One can compare this panel to the design for stained glass in ink, of the same subject for a series of the Passion of Christ, by Abrecht Altdorfer, Regensburg, 1538 (see Butts and Hendrix, pp.250-251, fig.117).

397

MEDIEVAL STAINED GLASS PANEL WITH LAMENTATION SCENE Netherlands, late 15th century AD A rectangular stained glass window panel with segmented border in a lead-alloy frame, painted circular central panel depicting supine Christ attended by kneeling nimbate figures (centre: Virgin Mary, St John the Evangelist holding Christ's head, Mary Magdalene holding Christ's left hand), Joseph of Arimathea to the rear with a jar of unguent. 2.8 kg, 60 x 38cm (23½ x 15"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from Rieunier & Associes, 25 October 2004, lot 150; accompanied by a previously researched cataloguing sheet; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10919-180985.

397

Literature Cf. Exhibition catalogue, The Luminous Image: Painted Glass Roundels in the Lowlands, 1480-1560, May 23 – August 20, New York, 1995; Berserik, C.J. and Caen, J.M.A., Silver-Stained Roundels and Unipartite Panels before the French Revolution, Flanders, Vol.1: The Province of Antwerp, Belgium, 2007; Pieter, C., Ritsema van Eck, Painted glass roundels from the Netherlands 14801560, Amsterdam, 1999; Cole, W., A Catalogue of Netherlandish and North European Roundels in Britain, Oxford, 1993; Wayment, H., King’s College Chapel Cambridge The Side-Chapel Glass, Cambridge, 1988. Footnotes This piece is typical of stained glass roundels which were produced in the Low Countries, in large numbers from the fifteenth to the second half of the sixteenth century.

398

LARGE MEDIEVAL STAINED GLASS PANEL WITH GOD THE FATHER France, 15th century AD A rectangular panel of stained glass within lead-alloy frame; painted irregular panel with facing head of God the Father wearing a threetiered crown ornamented with pearls(?); carefully delineated hair and beard with individual strands picked out in contrasting shades; modern suspension rings to the upper corners. 1.3 kg, 41 x 27.5cm (16¼ x 10¾"). Fine condition, minor surface loss. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from Monastery Stained Glass, Northamptonshire, UK, in 1997; accompanied by a previously researched cataloguing sheet; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10971-180969.

398

176

Literature Cf. see Bourgogne, Franche-Comte Rhone-Alpes, recensement III, 1986, p.140, for similar treatment of light.

CVMA

France,

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399

399

MEDIEVAL STAINED GLASS PANEL WITH THE CRUCIFIXION, VIRGIN AND SAINT PAUL France, Picardy, c.1420-1430 AD A rectangular glass panel with lead-alloy frame; image of Christ crucified below a plaque bearing the legend 'INRI', flanked by Virgin Mary and St John; spires and architectural detailing in the background above. 2.4 kg, 58.5 x 32.5cm (23 x 12¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 7,100 - 9,470 USD 8,240 - 10,980

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from Monastery Stained Glass, Northamptonshire, UK, in 2007; accompanied by a detailed previously researched cataloguing sheet; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10909-180990. Footnotes The piece is the product of Picardy / Pas de Calais and shows the influence of contemporary Flemish art.

177


400

MEDIEVAL STAINED GLASS PANEL WITH SAINT ELIGIUS OF NOYON South Flanders, Tournai(?), c.1525 AD An ogee-shaped glass panel in a lead-alloy frame, painted depiction of Saint Eligius of Noyon nimbate and seated on a throne reading a book on his lap, his crozier over one shoulder and his jeweller's hammer in his right hand; mitre on his head, wearing episcopal vestments; mounted in a carrier-frame. 568 grams, 22.5cm (9"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from Monastery Stained Glass, Northamptonshire, UK, in 2004; accompanied by a detailed previously researched and illustrated cataloguing sheet.

401

MEDIEVAL STAINED GLASS PANEL WITH THE VIRGIN AND CHILD Germany, c.1500-1510 AD A circular stained glass window panel with segmented painted foliage border in a lead-alloy frame, painted central panel with crowned and nimbate Madonna and Child with sunburst to the rear. 410 grams, 23.5cm (9¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from Monastery Stained Glass, Northamptonshire, UK, in 2005; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10977-180987.

405

MEDIEVAL STAINED GLASS PANEL WITH THE HEAD OF A NOBLEMAN Northern France, c.1500-1520 AD An irregular glass panel in a lead-alloy frame, painted image of a male head in three-quarter view with a neat beard and wearing a heraldic chapeau with cross pommee detailing. 108 grams, 12.4cm (5"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Galerie de Chartres, 8 March 2009, lot 90.

406

MEDIEVAL STAINED GLASS PANEL WITH THE LAMB OF GOD Northern France, 1500-1530 AD An irregular glass panel in a lead-alloy frame depicting the agnus dei in three-quarter view with one foreleg raised, head turned. 380 grams, 35.2cm (13¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Lawrence Fine Arts, 24 April 2009, lot 2272.

407

MEDIEVAL ENGLISH STAINED GLASS PANEL ATTRIBUTED TO BARNARD FLOWER England, c.1505-1515 AD

402

TUDOR PERIOD STAINED GLASS PANEL WITH A SCENE IN THE MANNER OF DÜRER 16th century AD A circular glass panel with lead-alloy frame, etched image of a feasting scene with a rich merchant and his wife at table with cupbearers and other attendants, musician with a wind instrument, two dogs looking for scraps; a youthful servant to the right addressing a barefoot traveller with a staff; two smaller scenes adjacent depicting the tortures of hell; all in the manner of Albrecht Dürer. 437 grams, 27.5cm (10¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from Chiswick Auctions, 21 March 2018, lot 13; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10917-181013.

403

STAINED GLASS PANEL WITH SAINT BARBARA

An irregular stained glass panel with lead-alloy frame; deep blue field with painted image of an angel in profile; attributed to Barnard Flower. 300 grams, 36cm (14¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously from the Fairfield collection, 12 January 1996, lot 1049; previously with George A. Douglass, Sr, Greenwich, Conn. LG9; formerly in the collection of Roy Grosvenor Thomas, London, UK. Footnotes Barnard Flower was a renowned Flemish glazier who was commissioned by King Henry VII and later his son, Henry VIII from 1505 to 1517. He is believed to have been the first non-English holder of the office of King's Glazier. Flower came to England in the late 15th century and by 1496 he was providing glass for Henry's palace at Woodstock (Oxfordshire) and Sheen Palace in the following year. His workshop was located in Southwark to avoid the restrictions imposed by the Glaziers' Company in the City of London. Stained glass pieces attributed to Flower include: parts of the West Window of St George's Chapel, Windsor; some windows in King's College Chapel, Cambridge; most of the glazing at St Mary's Church, Fairford - the most complete set of mediaeval stained glass windows in England.

18th-19th century AD 408 A round glass panel with painted image of St. Barbara standing beside a castle tower, in a lead frame with band of dense foliage decoration, two lateral suspension loops; Dutch workmanship. 1 kg, 31cm (12½"). Fine condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from a London dealer, in 2013.

404

MEDIEVAL PAIR OF HERALDIC STAINED GLASS PANELS 16th century AD

MEDIEVAL STAINED GLASS PANEL WITH ANGEL Northern France, c.1510-1520 AD An irregular glass panel in a lead-alloy piriform frame, painted image of an angel with one wing extended wearing an ankle-length robe, right arm extended downwards and left raised with the hand palmoutwards. 1.2 kg, 47cm (18½"). Fine condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from a UK private collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10904-181015.

A group of two round stained glass panels in lead-alloy frames; one with segmented border, heater shield design with central cross and painted lion passant gardant in each quadrant; one with segmented border, quatrefoil motif with painted leaf detail to each lobe. 2.2 kg total, 29cm (11½"). Fine condition. [2, No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex central London gallery; from the estate of Dr Woody Cobbs and Mrs Honor Cobbs, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

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409

MEDIEVAL GOLD JEWELLED RING BROOCH WITH BEAST HEADS 13th century AD

409

A gold ring brooch formed as two pairs of addorsed beast heads, ribbed bodies, raised 'conical' ears, recessed circular eyes to receive inserts (now absent), two raised oval cells equidistant from each head set with polished amethyst cabochons, pin loop held between the beasts' mouths at the top with rounded triangular projection decorated with incised dashes, leaf-shaped pin-rest below with incised detailing, articulate tapering D-section pin with ornamental collar composed of an annulet flanked by crescents. 1.42 grams, 15.1mm (½"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330 Provenance Property of a Gloucestershire, UK, gentleman; acquired by his father on the UK art market in the 1980s; thence by descent 1991. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number 2003,0703.1, for similar; cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, id.LIN-B824B9, for similar; cf. Egan, G. and Pritchard, F., Dress Accessories, c.1150-c.1450. Medieval Finds from Excavations in London, London: HMSO, 2002, pp.247-255. Footnotes This form of ring brooch can be securely dated to the 13th century AD owing to the excavation of in-situ examples in archaeological excavations. Similar examples in silver have been declared treasure, including a brooch from Mildenhall area, Suffolk (PAS, 2004 T176), Tolpuddle, Dorset (PAS, 2011 T724), and South Gloucestershire (PAS, 2014 T856). All were declared Treasure under the Treasure Act 1996. This lot is one of the very few examples of such brooches to have retained its pin.

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MEDIEVAL GOLD RING WITH SAPPHIRE 13th-14th century AD A gold ring formed with round-section band and projecting cup bezel with a circular sapphire set en cabochon. 1.93 grams, 23.64mm overall, 18.78mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q, USA 8, Europe 17.49, Japan 16) (1"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Literature Cf. Chadour, A., Rings, The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, Leeds, 1994, p.172, item 566; cf. The British Museum, museum number AF.1811, for similar; cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, id. ESS-0E1E7B; PAS-817076; YORYM-824004; for similar. Footnotes The so-called stirrup rings were in fashion from the 12th-14th century AD in England, often worn by ecclesiastical dignitaries. From the 7th century AD onwards, sapphires were worn by bishops as a symbol of the papal authority invested in them.

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411

MEDIEVAL GOLD RING WITH GEMSTONE c.12th century AD A gold finger ring comprising a flat-section hoop and conical bezel with applied claw setting; inset chrysoberyl cabochon showing asterism. 2.89 grams, 23.34mm overall, 17.28mm internal diameter (approximate size British N, USA 6½, Europe 13.72, Japan 13) (1"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From the private collection of a Russian gentleman living in London; acquired from a Chelsea collector in the 2000s; the Chelsea collection having been formed from 1970-1990s. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 560, for type.

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MEDIEVAL GOLD RING WITH ROUGH DIAMOND 13th-14th century AD and later A gold stirrup ring with carinated hoop and conical bezel, set with a later certified near colourless rough diamond weighing 0.68 grams. 5.65 grams, 23.88mm overall, 15.99mm internal diameter (approximate size British J, USA 4¾, Europe 8.69, Japan 8) (1"). Fine condition, small nicks to ring. £700 - 900 EUR 830 - 1,060 USD 960 - 1,240 Provenance From a deceased Japanese collector, 1970-2015; the rough diamond accompanied by World Gemological Institute Report certificate number WG19624130423; also accompanied by London Diamond Bourse receipt number 0011 dated 1-9-21.

413

MEDIEVAL GOLD 'MY JOY' POSY RING

414

inscriptions in English became more usual, although the lack of standardisation in spelling might surprise the modern reader. The inscription is generally found on the interior of the ring, hidden to everyone except the wearer and most of the sentimental mottoes were taken from the popular literature of the time. In fact, love inscriptions often repeat each other, which suggests that goldsmiths used stock phrases. In the later 16th century, ‘posy’ specifically meant a short inscription. A posy is described in contemporary literature as a short ‘epigram’ of less than one verse. George Puttenham (1589) explained that these phrases were not only inscribed on finger rings, but also applied to arms and trenchers. The practice of giving rings engraved with mottoes at betrothals or weddings was common in England from the 16th century onwards, and continued until the late 18th century. Sources suggest that rings could be acquired ready- engraved, or alternatively engraved sometime after their initial production, by a hand other than the goldsmith’s. Joan Evans assumed that posy rings were principally used by/between lovers and distinguished four contexts for the giving of posy rings by one lover to another: betrothals, weddings, St Valentine’s Day and occasions of mourning. Samuel Pepys’ diary makes clear that posy rings might also mark the marriage of a family member, when bearers could even commission their own rings and chose their own mottoes from books. The rings could also function as tokens of friendship or loyalty.

14th-15th century AD 414 A gold flat-section annular band, engraved around the exterior with stylised flower-and-sprig ornament alternating with French blackletter inscription: 'ma ioie', meaning 'my joy'. 1.41 grams, 16.79mm overall, 15.69mm internal diameter (approximate size British I½, USA 4½, Europe 8.07, Japan 7) (¾"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750 Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Literature Cf. The V&A Museum, accession number 7125-1860, for a similar ring type. Footnotes The ring is almost certainly of English manufacture and inscribed in the variety of Anglo-French normal for such amatory inscriptions in the late Middle Ages. A 15th century silver thimble bearing the same inscription was sold at Christie's on 31 May 1995, lot 206, while a contemporary ring-brooch in the British Museum reads 'vous estes ma ioy moundeine [you are my earthly joy]'. ‘Posy’ is derived from ‘poesy’ or ‘poetry’, with posy rings being named thus in the mid 19th century. Prior to this date, there was no specific term for these rings. In the medieval period many rings bore posy inscriptions in Latin or French, the languages frequently spoken by the affluent elites. Later,

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

'THE PECKLETON' GILT SILVER MEDIEVAL CRUCIFIX PENDANT 15th-16th century AD A gilt silver devotional pendant composed of an openwork scene in relief, depicting Christ on the cross flanked on either side by a smaller cloaked figure- likely Mary and St John, scrolled banner above which should read 'INRI', but which is poorly executed, suspension loop above. 2.51 grams, 21mm (1"). Fine condition, some wear. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Found whilst searching with a metal detector in Peckleton, Leicestershire, UK, on 1st April 2018, by Robert Ward; recorded under the Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) with record number LEIC-96E623; accompanied by a copy of the PAS report, report on find of potential Treasure for HM Coroner, and disclaim letter from the British Museum. Literature Cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, id. LANCUM-E0C267 2014T350, SOM-505DD6 2014T229 and GLO-75E0F0 2012T908, for similar, dated 1400-1550 AD. Footnotes INRI = Iesus Nazarenus, Rex Iudaeorum: Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews.

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417

MEDIEVAL SILVER FIGURE OF AN APOSTLE

'THE SUTTON' GILT EDWARD I GROAT PILGRIM'S BADGE

France, 15th-16th century AD and later

1279 AD

A silver-gilt figure modelled in the round as an apostle with naturalistic detailing to his short hair, bearded face, and pleated robes, left arm clutched to his chest, the right extended, holding a small vessel; standing on a 19th century octagonal plinth with pierced quatrefoils, engraved creatures and foliate forms to the skirt, four couchant lion feet. 110 grams, 11cm (4¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120

A pilgrim's badge made from an extremely rare Edward I groat: facing bust with rosette on breast within quatrefoil with flowers in spandrels and +EDWARDVS DI GRA REX ANGL legend, with hook-and-loop attachments for wearing; the reverse of the coin gilded with long cross and pellets dividing DNS / HIBN / E DVX / AQVT and LON / DON / IA C / IVI legends for London mint. 6.96 grams, 28mm (1"). Coin near as struck with near full gilding. Very rare. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120

Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously in a private collection, Vienna, Austria, since c.1995; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10915181024.

416

MEDIEVAL SILVER FIGURE OF PETER THE APOSTLE France, 15th-16th century AD and later A silver-gilt figure of Saint Peter, modelled standing in the round with naturalistic detailing to the balding head, remaining hair, bearded face, voluminous pleated robes, left hand clasping the Bible to his chest, the right holding the key to the gates of heaven; on a 19th century octagonal base with quatrefoil piercings and foliate motifs to the skirt, raised oval cells set with polished blue glass cabochons, four feet formed as couchant lions. 117 grams, 11.2cm (4½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously in a private collection, Vienna, Austria, since c.1995; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10916181023.

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Provenance Found while searching with a metal detector near the village of Sutton, Kent, UK, by Paul Smith on Saturday 1st August 2020; declared as treasure and disclaimed by the crown under Treasure case tracking number 2020T979; accompanied by a copy of the Portable Antiquities Scheme Report (PAS) with reference number KENT-FE6D84; a copy of the Treasure Receipt from the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport; a copy of a letter from the British Museum disclaiming the object to the finder; and the Report on find of Potential Treasure to HM Coroner. Literature Cf. S.1379E/1379G (£7,250 / £8,500 in VF) variant (with obverse rosette to breast); N.1006 variant; the obverse die has similarities with the Fox types 4 and 1, although the minor details differ from each of these; this die seems to be a variant on those listed in modern standard references. Published See Portable Antiquities Scheme, reference KENT-FE6D84 and Treasure Act reference 2020 T979 (this piece). Footnotes The practice of gilding the reverses of Saxon and Medieval silver coins and fitting them with pins and/or hooks to the obverse has been noted since the early periods following the arrival of Christianity and pilgrimage shrines in England. Pilgrim badges and ampullas, usually in tin or lead, are well known and were sold to pilgrims as amulets or souvenirs; small numbers of such badges were formed from silver coins of the time, displaying to view the usual cross design on the reverses, especially at Canterbury for the shrine of St Thomas Becket and these mementoes would have been much more costly so were bought only by the wealthy and few survive today. The large groats (fourpence) of Edward I, although not successful as currency after their issue in 1279, were used in this way and the majority of the groats surviving today have been so gilded and mounted as badges.

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MEDIEVAL SILVER RING WITH SPREAD EAGLE Eastern European, 15th century AD A substantial silver finger ring with D-section hoop, knop to the underside, lateral disc panels each with a fleur-de-lys motif, intaglio frond to each shoulder, disc bezel with intaglio eagle in flight motif. 44.12 grams, 33.34mm overall, 22.32mm internal diameter (approximate size British U, USA 10, Europe 22.52, Japan 21) (1¼"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From the private collection of a Russian gentleman living in London; acquired from a Chelsea collector in the 2000s; the Chelsea collection having been formed from 1970-1990s. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 617, for type. Footnotes The iconography of the ring is European but the inspiration for the type, with raised knops to the hoop, is probably Islamic - Seljuk or Timurid in origin (Chadour, 1994, items 530, 533, 535).

419

'THE COPMANTHORPE' SILVER MEDIEVAL SEAL OF THOMAS c.13th century AD A most unusual two-piece silver double personal seal matrix, the body of circular form with hexagonal handle and tiered collar with petal moulding at the base, one petal bearing an orientation mark in the form of a cross pattee, with a second such mark in the form of four pellets set opposite; the perimeter bears the legend '+ S' ThOME * DE * RO[ ]' for the seal of Thomas of Ro[ ]; the inner part showing a circular cell that would have received an intaglio gemstone linked to

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a shaft passing though the body to allow the central stone to be used either in combination with the inscribed border or separately; the second orientation mark would have been used when impressing the central intaglio alone. 8.85 grams, 22mm (1"). Fair condition, some loss. Extremely rare mechanical type. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Found whilst searching with a metal detector near Copmanthorpe, close to York, UK, in September 2020, and disclaimed as Treasure under Treasure reference no.2020T10091; accompanied by a copy of the Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) report number YORYM-2006DE and the report for HM Coroner. Footnotes Seals belonging to important personages often provided for their owner to make use of a full seal inscribed with their name paired with a smaller 'secret' seal of simpler form. This particular seal, which allows the owner to adopt either full or secret seal through the same matrix, is extremely unusual and creating the mechanism would have required skills beyond those normally seen used by ordinary seal cutters. The complex mechanism comprised a central shaft passing through the length of the body which is keyed to ensure the orientation between body and intaglio cell remains constant and the two orientation marks of a 'cross' and 'four pellets' allowed the owner to be sure that, when impressed into wax, the design would be correctly positioned for whichever version he desired. A wire spring kept the central element snugly in place until the shaft was pressed down. The seal is secular in type and the name of the owner is complete and reads 'ThOME' for Thomas and continues with the letters 'DE' signifying 'of' and followed by the letters 'RO' being the first two letters of the place name where Thomas was born or resided; from the space available, it is likely that there were originally four or five letters to the name of the place. The matrix was found near Copmanthorpe, Yorkshire. Copmanthorpe, situated a few miles to the south-west of the city of York, is a settlement listed in the Domesday Survey of William I. The place name could be taken from a city, town, settlement or manor and there is no obvious candidate in proximity to the place of finding; indeed place names in England beginning 'RO' are not common, with Rochester (often abbreviated to ROFI or similar in the Medieval period), Kent perhaps being a strong candidate, as the seal is obviously a very costly item that could only have belonged to a wealthy personage and Rochester was an important city that would have artisans capable of its manufacture and suitable as a home to a wealthy and important person.

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MEDIEVAL HEBREW BIBLE MANUSCRIPT PAGES 11th-12th century AD A group of two framed vellum bible manuscript pages, each with three columns of Hebrew text and three lines of additional script above; mounted on card beneath glass, wooden frame; the two leaves were used as end leaves for a book, possibly for several decades; Europe. 6.8 kg, 78 x 56.5cm (30¾ x 22¼"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 8,000 EUR 4,730 - 9,470 USD 5,490 - 10,980 Provenance Acquired from Bloomsbury Auctions, London, 2 July 2019, lot 68; ex private collection; formerly on the German art market, circa 2008; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10980-181122.

421

MEDIEVAL FRENCH MANUSCRIPT PAGE 15th century AD A vellum manuscript leaf from a French Book of Hours, illuminated in gold leaf, blue and red ink; recto and verso each with sixteen lines of Latin text in blackletter script. 3.3 grams, 18.5 x 13.5cm (7¼ x 5¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex property of a Lincolshire, UK, gentleman; accompanied by an old dealer's ticket. Footnotes c.1460 AD by a French scribe.

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MEDIEVAL ENGLISH GLAZED FLOOR TILE WITH HERALDIC SHIELD AND THREE CROWNED LIONS England, 15th century AD A square glazed ceramic floor tile decorated with three crowned lion heads with long tongues and large circular eyes, framed by the bottom half of a shield-shaped background. 937 grams, 13.5 x 13.5cm (5¼ x 5¼"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £200 - 300 EUR 240 - 350 USD 270 - 410 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Benjamin Proust in 2005.

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MEDIEVAL GLAZED FLOOR TILE WITH ADDORSED BIRDS France, 15th century AD A square glazed ceramic floor tile decorated with two addorsed birds, bodies positioned left and right, heads to the centre, creating a heartshaped void between them, lozenge frame around, foliate motifs to the corners. 1.3 kg, 15 x 15cm (6 x 6"). Fine condition, chipped. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Benjamin Proust in 2005.

424

MEDIEVAL SIENA MAJOLICA ARMORIAL FLOOR TILES FROM PICCOLOMINI LIBRARY Tuscany, Sienna, c.1502 AD A group of six triangular majolica armorial floor tiles from the Piccolomini Library, Sienna, in a custom-made hexagonal wooden frame. 2.8 kg, 34cm (13¼"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100

423

Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Christie's South Kensington, 1 October 2013, lot 351.

425

MEDIEVAL WOVEN WALL HANGING SECTION Late 14th century AD A rectangular section of a medieval tapestry, missing two corner sections: Haut de lice, Semis of yellow fleurs-de-lis and repeated crowned letter ‘L’; hemp or linen and silk; modern backing; French workmanship. 1 kg, 72 x 130 cm (28¼ x 51¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from Francesca Galloway, Hotel Drouot, Paris, France, in 2001; accompanied by a previously researched cataloguing sheet.

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Literature See Catalogue, Les Fastes du Gothique, le siècle de Charles V, Grand Palais, RMN, Paris, 1981, no.337, p.396; M. Prinet. Le damas de lin historié, Fondation Abegg, 1982, pp.49-50. Footnotes This textile is remarkable in both its rich texture and its decoration: it is a samite, so the same pattern is reproduced on the two sides. The decoration is composed of a regular semis of fleurs-de-lis alternating with a crown with an L in the middle. This pattern connects our piece to the two first dukes of Anjou, Louis I (died 1384) or Louis II (died 1417). A fragment from the cathedral of Angers has the same decoration and technique, except for the blue colour of the background. However, our piece certainly comes from the same workshop and was perhaps made for a member of the Anjou family.

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MEDIEVAL CHASUBLE WITH SCENES OF THE CRUCIFIXION Germany, c.1500-1510 AD A fabric chasuble depicting the scene of Christ's crucifixion with God above, a foliate cross tended by Mary, St John, two Evangelists and Mary Magdalen on a cut velvet ground. 1.2 kg, 134cm (52¾"). Fair condition, restored. [No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,550 - 4,730 USD 4,120 - 5,490 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from Markus Voight in 1998; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10973-180972.

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GOLD 'IF THIS THEN ME' POSY RING 16th-17th century AD A slender gold D-section annular band with plain outer face, the inner face inscribed 'IF THIS THEN ME' in seriffed capitals with small quatrefoil before; remains of niello fill. 1.12 grams, 17.40mm overall, 16.23mm internal diameter (approximate size British K, USA 5¼, Europe 9.95, Japan 9) (¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Literature Cf. Evans, J., English Posies and Posy Rings, OUP, London, 1931, p.51, for the same inscription, 'me' spelt 'mee'; cf. The British Museum, museum number 1961,1202.413, for this inscription with spelling variation, dated 17th18th century; museum number AF.1286, for this inscription with spelling variation, dated 16th-17th century AD; cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, id.LVPL-AD7284, for similar, dated 1550-1650.

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Footnotes Capital letter inscriptions are thought to have been more common before the mid 17th century AD, when inscriptions in italic script gained popularity. ‘Posy’ is derived from ‘poesy’ or ‘poetry’. In the medieval period many rings bore posy inscriptions in Latin or French, the languages frequently spoken by the affluent elites. Later, inscriptions in English became more usual, although the lack of standardised spelling might surprise the modern reader. The inscription is generally found on the interior of the ring, hidden to everyone except the wearer and most of the sentimental mottoes were taken from the popular literature of the time. In fact, love inscriptions often repeat each other, which suggests that goldsmiths used stock phrases. In the later 16th century, ‘posy’ specifically meant a short inscription. A posy is described in contemporary literature as a short ‘epigram’ of less than one verse. George Puttenham (1589) explained that these phrases were not only inscribed on finger rings, but also applied to arms and trenchers. The practice of giving rings engraved with mottoes at betrothals or weddings was common in England from the 16th century onwards, and continued until the late 18th century. Sources suggest that rings could be acquired ready- engraved, or alternatively engraved sometime after their initial production, by a hand other than the goldsmith’s. Joan Evans assumed that posy rings were principally used by/between lovers and distinguished four contexts for the giving of posy rings by one lover to another: betrothals, weddings, St Valentine’s Day and occasions of mourning. Samuel Pepys’ diary makes clear that posy rings might also mark the marriage of a family member, when bearers could even commission their own rings and chose their own mottoes from books. The rings could also function as tokens of friendship or loyalty.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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430

GOLD 'BY THIS TOKEN YOU ARE BESPOKEN' POSY RING

GOLD 'THE GOD OF PEACE TRUE LOVE INCREASE' POSY RING

18th century AD

18th century AD

A gold D-section band, the external face ornamented with three circumferential rows of fine dimples, the interior inscribed 'By this token you are bespoken' in script characters. 1.20 grams, 18.10mm overall, 16.44mm internal diameter (approximate size British J½, USA 5, Europe 9.32, Japan 9) (¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960

A gold D-section annular band with plain external face, the internal face inscribed: 'The god of peace true love increase' in script characters with remains of niello inlay; stamped with maker's mark 'IV' in rectangular cartouche, likely for the maker John Vickerman. 4.42 grams, 21.75mm overall, 19.33mm internal diameter (approximate size British S½, USA 9¼, Europe 20.63, Japan 19) (1"). Very fine condition, small scuffs at edge. A large wearable size. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920

Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Literature See Evans, J., English Posies and Posy Rings, OUP, London, 1931, p.28, for this posie, sourced from 'The Best and Compleatest Academy of Compliments yet extant. Being wit and mirth improv'd by the most elegant expressions used in the art of courtship...' London, printed and sold by William Dicey, 1750; cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, id. LON-AA2432, for a worn ring which appears to have three rows of dimples also, dated 16th-17th century AD.

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GOLD 'IN CHRIST & THEE MY COMFORT BEE' POSY RING 18th century AD A substantial gold D-section annular band with plain external face, the interior inscribed: 'In Christ & thee my Comfort bee' in script characters, together with a maker's mark 'JC' in a rectangular cartouche. 5.34 grams, 22.37mm overall, 18.92mm internal diameter (approximate size British R½, USA 8¾, Europe 19.38, Japan 18) (1"). Very fine condition, a few small scuffs. A large wearable size. [No Reserve] £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330 Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985; bought at the Cumberland coin fair, London, believed to have been found in Hertfordshire, UK. Literature Cf. Evans, J., English Posies and Posy Rings, OUP, London, p.57, for this inscription; cf. The British Museum, museum numbers 1961,1202.329; AF.1346; AF.1353, for posy rings with the same maker's stamp, dated circa late18th century AD.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Literature Cf. Evans, J., English Posies and Posy Rings, OUP, London, p.95, for this inscription; cf. The British Museum, museum number AF.1376, for a similar ring with this inscription, by another maker, and museum number AF.1375, for a similar ring with this inscription and date; museum number AF.1215, for the same maker's mark on a gold posy ring. Footnotes John Vickerman's known active dates are 1768-1773 AD.

431

GOLD 'IF CONSTANT HAPPYE' POSY OR FEDE RING 18th century AD A gold posy or fede ring with D-section band, bezel formed as two clasping hands emergent from sleeve cuffs, a heart between above, with worn detailing to the hands and cuffs; the interior inscribed 'If constant happye' in script characters. 1.44 grams, 18.00mm overall, 16.80mm internal diameter (approximate size British K, USA 5¼, Europe 9.95, Japan 9) (¾"). Very fine condition. Rare. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1961,1202.269, for very similar ring, different inscription, with known maker dated 17th century; cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, id. PAS-FB4D00, for similar fede design, dated 1650-1720.

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GOLD 'GOD ALONE MADE US ONE' POSY RING 18th century AD A gold D-section annular band with plain outer face, the internal face inscribed 'God alone made us one' in script characters, followed by stamped maker's marks 'MS' in blackletter and 'St' closely stamped in two rectangular cartouches. 4.97 grams, 18.07mm overall, 15.08mm internal diameter (approximate size British H½, USA 4, Europe 6.81, Japan 6) (¾"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985.

432

Literature Cf. Evans, J., English Posies and Posy Rings, OUP, London, 1931, p.39, for this inscription; cf. The British Museum, museum number AF.1239, for a similar ring with this inscription, dated 17th century AD; see The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, IOW-6C0F12, for a gold posy ring also stamped with 'MS' in blackletter script, dated 1613-1733 AD.

433

GOLD 'FEAR GOD ABOVE ALL' POSY RING Mid 16th-early 18th century AD A gold band ornamented with a circumferential frieze of oval bosses to the external face, faux ropework borders around, smaller domed pellets between to the top and bottom edges; the interior inscribed in italics: 'Fear god above all' in cursive script, partial remains of niello inlay, followed by stamped maker's mark 'IY[or V]' in rectangular cartouche, possibly that of John Young entered in 1760 and in use until at least 1793. 2.77 grams, 18.83mm overall, 15.44mm internal diameter (approximate size British I, USA 4¼, Europe 7.44, Japan 7) (¾"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985.

433

Literature Cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, id.NMS-B8BCC4; BERK118101; LIN-B6F8A3; SOM-823925; SF-3A8B11, for very similar with different inscriptions dated c.1550-1700; See Oman (1974, plate 58 c, p. 111) for a very similar example with a different inscription, dated to the early 17th century; cf. The British Museum, museum number 1942,0708.1, for broadly similar, different inscription.

434

GOLD 'HEARTS UNITED LIVE CONTENTED' POSY RING 18th century AD A gold D-section annular band with plain external face, the interior inscribed: 'Hearts united live contented' in script characters, followed by maker's mark 'IV' in rectangular cartouche, probably for John Vickerman. 3.58 grams, 21.50mm overall, 18.90mm internal diameter (approximate size British R½, USA 8¾, Europe 19.38, Japan 18) (1"). Very fine condition, a few nicks. A large wearable size. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Literature Cf. Evans, J., English Posies and Posy Rings, OUP, London, 1931, p.47, for this inscription; cf. The British Museum, museum number AF.1270, for a similar ring with this inscription, dated 18th century; museum number AF.1269, for a similar ring with this inscription dated 17th-18th century AD; museum number AF.1215, for a gold posy ring with the same maker's mark, dated later 18th century AD; cf. The Fitzwilliam Museum, PER.M.324-1923, for a ring with this inscription, undated.

434

188

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


435

GOLD 'LOVE CONQUERS ALL' POSY RING 16th-18th century AD A gold ring with D-section band, two slender c-section circumferential channels to top and bottom of external face, framing a foliate frieze with remains of niello inlay; Latin inscription to the inner face in seriffed capitals: '+ AMOR VINCET OMNIA' ('Love Conquers All'), the words separated by triangles composed of three dots. 3.34 grams, 18.61mm overall, 16.02mm internal diameter (approximate size British K, USA 5¼, Europe 9.95, Japan 9) (¾"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Literature See Evans, J., English Posies and Posy Rings, OUP, London, 1931, p1. for this inscription and for multiple variations on the 'Amor Vincit' posie; cf. The British Museum, museum number 1961,1202.460, for a different ring with the same inscription and very similar lettering and punctuation, dated 16th-early 17th century AD.; cf. The Portable antiquities Scheme Database, id. YORYMB0EB9B, for a very similar ring with the same posie, dated 1500-1700 AD; cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, id. GLO-55A844, for a very similar ring design, dated 1650-1740 AD.

435

Footnotes 'Amor Vincit Omnia' was perhaps the most popular 'stock' motto engraved onto posy rings bearing Latin inscriptions; it was the motto engraved on a brooch worn by the flirtatious Prioress in Chaucer's Prologue to the 'Canterbury Tales', penned around 1390 AD.

436

GOLD 'VERTU MAKES LOV[E] ETERNAL' POSY RING 18th century AD A gold D-section annular band with softly facetted outer face, inscription to the inner face reads 'Vertu makes lov[e] eternal' in script characters, followed by a conjoined 'RH' maker's mark in a rectangular cartouche; remains of niello inlay. 2.13 grams, 19.73mm overall, 17.72mm internal diameter (approximate size British O½, USA 7¼, Europe 15.61, Japan 15) (¾"). Very fine condition, a few small nicks. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985.

436 Literature Cf. Evans, J., English Posies and Posy Rings, OUP, London, 1931, p.105, for this inscription; cf. The British Museum, museum number 1961,1202.452, for a similar ring and maker's mark, maker unknown, dated 17th-18th century AD; cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, id. SF-0A94B5; PAS-B622E7, for similar rings with the same inscription, albeit with variations in spelling, dated 1600-1799 AD.

437

GOLD 'LOVE FOR EVER' POSY RING 18th century AD A substantial gold D-section annular band with plain external face, internal face inscribed: 'loVe For EVer' in mixed script and capital characters. 5.20 grams, 21.84mm overall, 19.31mm internal diameter (approximate size British R, USA 8½, Europe 18¾, Japan 18) (1"). Very fine condition, slightly misshapen. A large wearable size. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Literature Cf. Evans, J., English Posies and Posy Rings, OUP, London, 1931, p.72, for this inscription; cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, id.GLO9143B6, for a similar ring with the same inscription and script, dated c.1650-1850 AD and BH-5C4EAE, for a similar ring with same inscription and similar script dated 1600-1710 AD; cf. The British Museum, museum number 1961,1202.309, for a similar ring with the same inscription in a later script, dated 19th century AD.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

437

189


438

439

440

438

440

GOLD 'WE REST CONTENT' POSY RING

GOLD 'SIR THOMAS LITTLETON' MEMENTO MORI RING

18th century AD

Dated 1 January [1]709 AD

A gold D-section annular band with plain exterior, inscription to internal face: 'We rest Content' in cursive script. 4.53 grams, 20.10mm overall, 17.72mm internal diameter (approximate size British O½, USA 7¼, Europe 15.61, Japan 15) (¾"). Very fine condition, slightly misshapen. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100

A D-section gold annular finger ring with floral and foliate ornament to outer surfaces showing traces of black enamel background; the inner face engraved in script 'Sr T Littleton Bar ob 1 Jan [1]709 aet 62' and with punched 'IB' maker's mark, possibly for the London maker J. Burridge who was active at this period. 6.55 grams, 21.66mm overall, 17.84mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (1"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120

Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1961,1202.92, for a ring of similar style with similar inscription content and script-'With one Consent wee rest Content', dated 17th-18th century AD, donated by Dame Joan Evans; see Evans, J., English Posies and Posy Rings, OUP, London, 1931, p.110, for the BM's example.

439

GOLD 'I ALONE HOLD THE KEY' JEWELLED POSY RING 18th century AD A gold ring with hoop carinated around the internal face, bezel formed as twin heart-shaped cells set with turquoise coloured glass and garnet, gadrooning to the undersides, the external face of the hoop with French inscription in reserved seriffed capitals: 'MOI SEUL EN . AI . LA CLEF', ('I alone hold the key'), the words punctuated by clusters of decorative vertical notches; remains of niello infill around the lettering. 0.97 grams, 17.34mm overall, 14.51mm internal diameter (approximate size British H, USA 3¾, Europe 6.18, Japan 6) (¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750 Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum numbers AF.1669 and AF.1641, for a very similar style of ring; cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, id. HESH4BDAD2, dated 1750-1900, for a similar style with a single heart-shaped cell.

190

Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985; acquired at an antiques fair, believed to have been found in Essex, UK; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10956-179120. Literature See Dictionary of National Biography, pp.1255-1256, for biographical summary; see Morant, P., The History and Antiquities of the County of Essex, Colchester, 1768, p.103; see Chancellor, F., The Ancient Sepulchral Monuments of Essex, London and Chelmsford, 1890, p.186, for details of his memorial and arms. Footnotes Sir Thomas Littleton, 3rd Baronet, Stoke St Milborough (Shropshire) and North Ockendon (Essex), also known as Sir Thomas Poyntz (or Pointz), circa 16471 January 1709 (Julian calendar or 1710 Gregorian calendar), was born as second son to the 2nd Baronet but, after the early death of his older brother, he inherited the title and attended St Edmund Hall, Oxford, matriculating in 1665 and entered the Inner Temple in 1671; he was elected to the Convention of 1689 for Woodstock and served as Member of Parliament for several seats until his death. In 1697 he became Lord of the Admiralty and had acted as pallbearer at the funeral of Samuel Pepys, his predecessor; in 1698 he was elected Speaker of the House of Commons, later becoming Treasurer to the Navy, a post he held until his death. Although married, he had no children and the title became extinct upon his death. His memorial may be seen to this day in the church of St Mary in North Ockendon, Essex and is described by Chancellor who also gives details of the combined arms of Sir Thomas as: quarterly 1 and 4, argent a chevron. between three escallops sable, 2 and 3 'Pointz', within a mullet sable for difference; overall the Badge of Baronetcy and an inescutcheon gules and chevron ermine between three garbs or. Crest a Moor's head in profile couped at the shoulder proper wreathed about the temples argent and sable and a copy of a contemporary engraved portrait is included, together with extracts from other documentary references. Published sources give the year of his death as either 1709 (as on this ring) or 1710; this results from the changeover from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian in 1752; under the Julian calendar, the new year occurred 1 March, giving his death taking place in 1709; from 1752, the new year was pushed back to 1 January, resulting in his death year becoming 1710 under the new calendar rules.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


441

GOLD 'P.S.' MEMENTO MORI SKULL RING Dated [16]68 AD A mourning ring composed of a gold D-section annular band, the external face engraved with a partial stylised skull, the inner face inscribed: 'P.S obyt 14 Sept 68' in script characters, with maker's monogram 'TC' in shield-shaped cartouche, likely for maker Thomas Cockram. 3.10 grams, 20.25mm overall, 18.15mm internal diameter (approximate size British P, USA 7½, Europe 16.23, Japan 15) (¾"). Very fine condition, some wear. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the Albert Ward collection, Essex, UK; acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Literature Cf. The British Museum, museum number AF.1533, for a parallel by the same maker; cf. museum numbers AF.1539, AF.1535, AF.1541, dated 17th century, for comparable examples by other makers.

441

Footnotes London jeweller Thomas Cockram of the London Goldsmiths Company, is presumed to have been active from 1646 AD; the ring suggests the year 1668 for the date of manufacture. The traditional practice of bequeathing rings belonging to the deceased to the family and friends they left behind was gradually replaced in the 16th and 17th centuries, when it became preferable for the deceased to leave a sum of money with which memorial, commemorative or mourning rings could be purchased. In the later part of the 17th century, such rings were distributed at funeral services, where they were worn in memory of the deceased. 'Memento mori' inscriptions and popular devices such as skulls, crossbones and hourglasses became fashionable on jewellery and in print, prompting the reader or viewer to ponder the brevity of life and the necessity of preparing the soul for death.

442

TUDOR AGE GILT SILVER HERALDIC SIGNET RING WITH SHIELDS c.1580 AD A substantial silver-gilt ring with rectangular-section hoop and oval bezel, bearing two engraved heraldic shields mounted over foil with designs in black and gold: on the left reading 'IHS' Christogram beneath an omega symbol; forget-me-nots on the right, fleur-de-lys between below, 'FGMN', 'fergiss mein nicht' or 'forget-me-not' in gold lettering above, crystal panel over bezel, etched with two conjoined shields. 7.52 grams, 25.55mm overall, 20.15mm internal diameter (approximate size British P½, USA 7¾, Europe 16.86, Japan 16) (1"). Fine condition. A large, wearable size. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120

442

Provenance Property of a central London collector; acquired from a large private collection formed in the 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.11021-180871. Literature Cf. The V&A Museum, accession number 815-1871, for similar, dated late 16th century, Germany.

443

RENAISSANCE SILVER MEMENTO MORI RING WITH PORTRAIT Dated 1601 AD A silver ring with carinated hoop, expanding to chamfered openwork shoulders with waisted bridge and flanking scrolls, oval bezel set with glass face with semi-naturalistic portrayal of a male figure with curly shoulder length hair; 'PNS' over '1601' inscribed to one shoulder, 'EIVIL(?)' over 'MORI' to the other. 10.65 grams, 25.70mm overall, 19.40mm internal diameter (approximate size British S, USA 9, Europe 20, Japan 19) (1"). Fine condition. A large wearable size. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From the collection of a Tyne & Wear, UK, gentleman; acquired on the European art market.

443

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191


444

GEORGIAN SILVER MEMENTO MORI RING WITH SEATED SKELETON 18th century AD

444

A silver ring with D-section hoop, expanding to fluted shoulders supporting a cushion-shaped bezel, raised rectangular panel with rounded edges bearing a scene composed of a skeleton sitting, resting its elbows on its knees, one arm reaching upwards to support the skull, flower to the right, 'NOSCE TE IPSUM' ('Know thyself') Latin motto to the left; circular hole to reverse of bezel revealing a hollow interior, likely for enclosing a memento of the deceased. 8.29 grams, 28.13mm overall, 20.59mm internal diameter (approximate size British V, USA 10½, Europe 23.77, Japan 22) (1"). Very fine condition. A large, wearable size. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex private collection of a Sussex lady since the mid 1960s. Literature Cf. Evans, J., English Posies and Posy Rings, OUP, 1931, p.84, for 'Nosse Te Ipsum'. Footnotes 'Know thyself' originates as an ancient Greek aphorism- a Delphic maxim- one of three such maxims inscribed in the forecourt of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, and an idea explored over the centuries by great philosophers such as Socrates and Plato.

445

GEORGIAN SILVER MEMENTO MORI SKULL RING 18th century AD A substantial silver finger ring with six ellipsoid facets ornamented with: facing bust with foliage; expanding-arm cross; christogram with alpha and omega; expanding arm cross; facing bust; expanding arm cross. 8.69 grams, 23.91mm overall, 18.05mm internal diameter (approximate size British O½, USA 7¼, Europe 15.61, Japan 15) (1"). Fine condition, worn and polished £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 445

Provenance From the private collection of a Russian gentleman living in London; acquired from a Chelsea collector in the 2000s; the Chelsea collection having been formed from 1970-1990s.

446

GEORGIAN SILVER MEMENTO MORI RING 18th-19th century AD A silver ring with D-section hoop, expanding at the shoulders to stepped D-shaped terminals, rectangular bezel engraved 'memento mori' in two lines, Christian cross to right, two facing winged skeletons below, stooping, holding a shield between them bearing an enigmatic device, possibly a monogram or letter 'R' below a scythe, borders to the shoulder, possibly highly stylised skulls with crossed bones, repeated on the bezel. 12.25 grams, 23.75mm overall, 18.68mm internal diameter (approximate size British R½, USA 8¾, Europe 19.38, Japan 18) (1"). Fine condition. A large wearable size. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex private collection of a Sussex lady since the mid 1960s.

446

192

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


447

GILT SILVER PINEAPPLE CHALICE WITH SAINT GEORGE SLAYING THE DRAGON Germany, 19th-20th century AD A silver gilt chalice with waisted body, bulbous shoulder, everted rim, collared stem and tiered splayed foot, ornamented in repoussé bulbs and ogival ribs; lid with openwork rim of palmettes and foliate forms, central domes, finial with basket of palmettes, oval bulb above ornamented in pellets between spiral band, bead above, surmounted by a statuette, modelled in the round as Saint George, clad in armour, driving a spear into the dragon, with naturalistic detailing to the saint's features; stamped to base. 628 grams, 44.5cm (17½"). Fine condition, finial repaired. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,180 - 1,660 USD 1,370 - 1,920 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously in the Deutsch collection, Germany.

447

448

BELLARMINE JUG WITH INSCRIPTION 16th-17th century AD A salt-glazed ceramic bellarmine 'Bartmann' jug with squat spherical body, broad cylindrical neck, strap handle and foot with rolled rim, medial inscription, bearded face with raised eye and nose above, raised palmettes between roundels framing profile male bust to the sides and below. 544 grams, 14.6cm (5¾"). Fine condition, some restoration. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex UK collection, acquired in Chichester, UK, 1980s-1990s. Literature Cf. Bartmannkrug examples in Klinge, E., Duits Steengoed, Amsterdam, 1996; similar jug in Schneider, J.W., Oet d'oole Deuze, in Jaarboek Twente, 1967.

449

GERMAN SALT-GLAZED WESTERWALD JUG 19th century AD

448

A westerwald salt-glazed jug with piriform body, cylindrical neck, integral lentoid-section strap handle, hinged pewter(?) thumb pad and domed lid, short stem, splayed foot, the body decorated with a series of oval roundels with the arms of Amsterdam. 533 grams, 21.5cm (8½"). Fine condition, some restoration. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex UK collection, acquired in Chichester, UK, 1980s-1990s. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 17.203.21, for a very similar jug with the same heraldic roundels, dated 1643 or 1645 AD.

449

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

193


Christian Also see lots 1806 - 1830 194

Lots 450 - 475


450

RUSSIAN ICON WITH SCENES FROM THE LIFE OF CHRIST Mid 19th century AD A rectangular wooden icon with mounting slots and bars to the reverse; recessed central panel with gilded surface; grid of handpainted scenes from the life of Christ and Virgin Mary in oils with title block above and inked legends. 1.1 kg, 31.5 x 26.5cm (12¼ x 10½"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330

450

Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired in the 1970s. Literature See Onash, K. & Schnieper, A., Ikonen - Faszination und Wirklichkeit Luzern, 1995, p.178, for type.

451

RUSSIAN ICON WITH THE BAPTISM OF CHRIST Late 19th-early 20th century AD A rectangular wooden icon with recessed mounting hole to the reverse; painted crimson border enclosing a scene of Christ receiving baptism from St John with angels in attendance; legend above. 1.2 kg, 31.5 x 27cm (12½ x 10½"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired in the 1970s. Literature Cf. Onash, K. & Schnieper, A., Ikonen - Faszination und Wirklichkeit Luzern, 1995, for discussion.

451

452

RUSSIAN ICON WITH ST. NICOLAS c.18th century AD A rectangular wooden icon with mounting slots to the reverse; slightly recessed central panel with painted icon of St. Nicholas on a gilded field, the saint facing within a red-bordered nimbus wearing an omophorion with cross motifs, left hand supporting an open bible; flanked by SS. Ambrosius and Julia in the borders, roundels with Christ bearing the Holy Bible and Mary Theotokos; Central Russian workmanship. 1.1 kg, 31 x 35.5cm (12¼ x 14"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired in the 1970s; accompanied by a copy of a detailed report by Jürgen Grassmann.

453

RUSSIAN ICON WITH SCENES FROM THE LIFE OF CHRIST

452

c.1800 AD A rectangular wooden icon with mounting slots to the reverse; shallow recess to the face with gilded surface, grid of scenes from the life of Christ and Virgin Mary with inked legends to the borders. 970 grams, 31 x 26cm (12¼ x 10¼"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired in the 1970s. Literature Cf. Onash, K. & Schnieper, A., Ikonen - Faszination und Wirklichkeit Luzern, 1995, p.178, for type.

453

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

195


454

RUSSIAN ICON WITH NATIVITY OF CHRIST 20th century AD

454

A rectangular wooden icon with recessed panel to the face, gilded surface with painted scene of the Nativity including Mary recumbent on a red cloak and swaddled infant Jesus in a manger with oxen, three magi with gifts, angels in attendance, herald with horn, ritual washing of the new-born child and pensive Joseph addressed by a traveller; Cyrillic legends above in red ink. 560 grams, 25 x 20cm (9¾ x 8"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired in the 1970s. Literature See Onash, K. & Schnieper, A., Ikonen - Faszination und Wirklichkeit, Luzern, 1995, for discussion, and p.87, for parallel treatment of the scene.

455

RUSSIAN ICON WITH CHRIST PANTOCRATOR 19th century AD

455

A rectangular wooden icon with mounting slot to the reverse; bust of Christ Pantocrator in oils on a gilded field with lightly incised detailing to the nimbus, detailed black mantle over a red robe with coral-pink border; right hand raised and left supporting an open book; red display-script legends. 759 grams, 26.5 x 22cm (10½ x 8¾"). Fine condition, some paint loss. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired in the 1970s. Literature Cf. Onash, K. & Schnieper, A., Ikonen - Faszination und Wirklichkeit Luzern, 1995, p.121-3, for discussion.

456

RUSSIAN ICON WITH BIRTH OF THE MOTHER OF GOD 20th century AD A rectangular wooden icon with shallow recess to the centre, painted scenes on a gilded field showing scenes from the life of Mary Theotokos with nimbate saints in the border. 778 grams, 27.3 x 22.5cm (10¾ x 8¾"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired in the 1970s.

456

Literature See Onash, K. & Schnieper, A., Ikonen - Faszination und Wirklichkeit Luzern, 1995, p.146, for type.

457

RUSSIAN ICON WITH CHRIST PANTOKRATOR Ascribed to 1871 AD A rectangular wooden icon with base metal frame, image of Christ Pantokrator facing, holding a gold sceptre in the left hand painted in oils; commemorative brass plaque to the reverse with Cyrillic script, dated 1871. 1.1 kg, 31.5 x 27cm (12½ x 10½"). Fine condition; some restoration. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired in the 1970s. Literature Cf. Onash, K. & Schnieper, A., Ikonen - Faszination und Wirklichkeit, Luzern, 1995, p.121-3.

457

196

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


458

458

VERY LARGE ETHIOPIAN TRIPTYCH ICON OF THE VIRGIN AND CHILD WITH ARCHANGELS AND EQUESTRIAN SAINTS Late 15th century AD A triptych icon comprising rectangular wooden boards with icons painted in tempera on gesso; central panel with the Virgin and Child and inscription 'Picture of Our Lady Mary with her beloved Son'; upper two registers of the left and right panels with the archangels Gabriel and Michael holding shields and swords, flanking the Virgin and Child with inscriptions 'Gabriel' and 'Michael'; equestrian saints in the lower parts of the side panels, with identifying inscriptions 'Claudius' and 'Picture of St. George'; painted frames forming the background behind the figures. 996 grams, 57cm (22½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 7,100 - 9,470 USD 8,240 - 10,980

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Ex Taglioretti collection, Bergamo, Italy, c.1980; accompanied by a copy of the relevant pages in Eastern Christian Worlds, by Mahmoud Zibawi, where this piece is published, and a previously researched cataloguing sheet; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10899-180988. Published Published in Zibawi, M., Eastern Christian Words, 1995, pp.232, pl.80.

197


459

459

VERY LARGE ETHIOPIAN TRIPTYCH ICON OF THE VIRGIN MARY AND CHILD WITH SAINTS AND SCENES FROM THE LIFE OF CHRIST

Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from a private collection, Nimes, France, 2000; previously acquired Ratton-Ladriere, 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10898-180977.

Late 17th century AD 460 A very large triptych of three wooden boards, each with a recessed panel to the inner face; left panel showing triumphant Christ with nimbus and flag grasping the wrist of nude Adam, and mounted St George overcoming a dragon below; central panel showing Mary and infant Jesus flanked by angels and two nimbate saints below; right panel showing Crucifixion above a nimbate saint on a rearing horse; string hinges and gesso fields. 2.5 kg, 43.5 x 31cm (17¼ x 12¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 7,100 - 9,470 USD 8,240 - 10,980

198

ETHIOPIAN DIPTYCH OF SAINT GEORGE AND THE VIRGIN AND CHILD 16th century AD A diptych of painted wooden panels with string hinges; left panel showing the Crucifixion with Christ hanging from the cross, crown of thorns on his brow, with St John and the Virgin flanking him; right panel showing the Resurrection of Christ, holding his flag of victory and rescuing Adam and Eve from their tombs. 214 grams, 17.5cm (7"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,370 - 3,550 USD 2,750 - 4,120

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from a private collection, Nimes, France, 2000; accompanied by a previously researched cataloguing sheet; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10974-180974. Footnotes Some European influence can be detected, especially in the highlights of the robes, and in the flowing hair of Christ and the Virgin.

461

ETHIOPIAN PORTABLE DOUBLE-SIDED PENDANT ICON WITH VIRGIN, CHILD AND SAINTS 17th century AD

460

A double icon pendant with carved exterior, one principal face bearing a cross within hatched square, cross to each corner, the panel opening to a polychrome painted scene of the Nativity, with the Archangels Gabriel and Michael escorting the Mother of God and the Divine Child, the side icon showing Saint George (Bet Gorgis) on horseback; the other principal face carved with an expanding arm cross within a lozengiform border, cross to each corner, the panel opening to a scene of the crucifixion of Christ, flanked by the Virgin Mary and Saint John, the side icon showing Christ standing between two saints, suspension loop above. 91 grams, 10cm (4"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously in the Michael Palmer collection, 2009.

462

ETHIOPIAN DOUBLE-SIDED PENDANT ICON 17th century AD 461 A double-sided wooden pendant icon, one principal face carved with a cross encompassed by a roundel, triangular motifs around, the panel opening to a polychrome painting depicting the crucifixion of Christ, flanked by the Virgin Mary and Saint John, the side icon showing Christ appearing to Saint Abune Tekle Haimanot; the second principal face carved with an expanding arm cross within a lozengiform border, cross to each corner, the panel opening to a depiction of the Nativity, with the Archangels Gabriel and Michael escorting the Mother of God and the Divine Child, side icon showing Saint George (Bet Gorgis) on horseback; suspension loop above. 68 grams, 85mm (3½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously in the Stephen Crawford collection, Kenilworth, Illinois, USA.

463

ETHIOPIAN PORTABLE DOUBLE-SIDED ICON WITH VIRGIN AND SAINTS 16th century AD

462

A double-sided portable icon in an olive wood case, roughly square in shape with geometric carvings to the sides; one principal face carved with a cross within a lozengiform border, cross to each corner, geometric borders around, the panel opening onto a polychrome painted panel depicting the Nativity, with the Archangels Gabriel and Michael escorting the Mother of God and the Divine Child and Saint George on horseback; the second principal face carved with an X composed of crosses and hatched squares, opening to a painting of the crucifixion of Christ, flanked by the Virgin Mary and Saint John, and Christ appearing to Saint Abune Tekle Haimanot. 92 grams, 95mm (3¾"). Fair condition, one panel with extensive loss and detached. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously in the Vimercate collection, Italy, 2006. Footnotes The iconography here follows the tradition of the Gondor period.

463

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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464

468

ETHIOPIAN ICON OF THE VIRGIN

ETHIOPIAN ALBUM OF NINE TREBLE VELLUM COVERS

Late 16th century AD

c.1800 AD

A painted wooden panel from a diptych with gesso field, raised edges, recessed figural panel showing the Virgin Mary, dressed in a red and brown tunic with a rippling green mantle; legend reading 'Our Lady Mary’ and ‘Magala’; painted in the manner of Nicolò Brancaleone. 13 grams, 70mm (2¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550

A collection of vellum pages gathered into a single quire; nine illuminated sides each depicting an image of a facing angel, mounted warrior saint, Madonna and Child, patriarch, Christ on the cross and other subjects; hand-coloured in vivid blue, red, yellow and ochre pigments; card covers. 40 grams, 14cm (5½"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960

Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from a private collection, Nimes, France, 2000; accompanied by a previously researched cataloguing sheet. Footnotes Brancaleone was one of the first European artists whose arrival revolutionised Ethiopian art at the outset of the sixteenth century.

465

ARMENIAN CRUCIFIXION WITH THE VIRGIN MARY, SAINT JOHN AND ANGELS Lake Van Area, c.1400 AD A manuscript painting depicting the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, the cross mounted on a mound containing Adam's skull, flanked by nimbate saints, sun and moon above, winged and nimbate figures protecting and removing kings' crowns in the background, Armenian inscription on the cross and temple; mounted on a modern backing with label reading 'XIII century'. 239 grams, 23.5cm (9¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Ex Mallam's Salerooms, 13 July 2011, lot 124.

466

ETHIOPIAN CREATION OF THE ANIMALS MANUSCRIPT PAGE Gondar, 18th century AD A vellum manuscript leaf page with four columns of Ge'ez text and three polychrome images relaying the Creation of the Animal, two panels depicting a saint holding a cross, a third panel with winged figures surrounding a menagerie of animals- elephants, lions, boar, birds, ox and others, the hand of God reaching down from above. 15 grams, 27.5cm (10¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously in the David Buxton collection in the 1990s.

467

ETHIOPIAN MIRACLE OF THE VIRGIN MANUSCRIPT PAGE Mid 17th century AD A vellum leaf from a manuscript concerned with the miracles of the Virgin: recto with two columns of Ge'ez text in black and red ink; verso with pictorial iconography. 13 grams, 30cm (12"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously in the David Buxton collection in the 1990s.

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Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from a private collection (Hartman), Germany, 1995.

469

ETHIOPIAN PRAYER BOOK WITH HOMILIES AND PSALMS 19th century AD A book containing seventy-six vellum folios with two finely painted images of saints, between wooden boards. 204 grams, 13cm (5"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from the UK trade in 1995.

470

ETHIOPIAN TWO PRAYER BOOKS WITH PRAYERS AND MIRACLES OF MARY AND SAINT MICHAEL 17th and 19th century AD A group of two vellum texts with religious subject matter- the miracles of Mary and Saint Michael, with columns of red and black Ge'ez text, one of twenty-six folios, one of ten. 297 grams total, 18-18.5cm (7 7¼"). Fair condition. [2, No Reserve] £200 - 300 EUR 240 - 350 USD 270 - 410 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from the UK trade in the 1990s.

471

LARGE ETHIOPIAN GOSPELS MANUSCRIPT Late 15th-early 16th century AD A large complete early Ethiopian gospel book produced in a reformist Stephanite community; complete text of the Gospels followed by the Mystagogia (Doctrina Arcanorum) with explanation of the canon tables and an account of the the compilation of the Gospels; 228 leaves with text written in black ink with rubrics, a coloured top margin ornament introducing each of the Gospels, derived from crux ansata motifs; drypoint ruling and pricking visible for page layout; later note on folio 19 verso recording the manuscript's donation to the church of Däbrä Mika'él by Wäyzäro Wälättä Egziabehér; bound between wooden boards with tooled leather covering, brocade fabric inserts. 4.7 kg, 31cm (12"). Fair condition; some crumbling to lower edge due to exposure to heat. [No Reserve] £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 9,470 - 11,830 USD 10,980 - 13,730 Provenance From a New York bookseller in 2010; previously with Joseph Knopfelmacher, New York, USA; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10896180997.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


464

468

469

465

466

470

467

471

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

201


472

473 472

ETHIOPIAN 'MIRACLES OF MARY' MANUSCRIPT Parts from 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th century AD A manuscript of 88 leaves bound within leather-covered wooden boards; blocks of calligraphic Ethiopian text within drypoint rulings in black ink with red rubrics; opening section (originally separate) with hand-coloured icons of St George and Mary and Child flanked by angels with swords; some names of scribes and donors, texts of 47 miracles ascribed to Mary and some other matter. 1.26 kg, 21cm (8¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from the Rene Audouin collection, Paris, France, in 1998; accompanied by a detailed eight page previously researched cataloguing sheet; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10972-180971.

473

ETHIOPIAN BOOK OF DIVINATION INCLUDING THE CYCLE OF KINGS Early 19th century AD A vellum manuscript of 123 leaves bound within wooden boards, the front upper with incised decoration of a cross, two paintings of

202

guardian angels inside; the contents include the Awdä Nägäst (Cycle of the Kings) and a zodiac; preserved in the original pouch with straps and inner case. 887 grams, 20cm (8"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240 Provenance Acquired in London at an antiquarian book fair, c.1990; accompanied by a detailed previously researched cataloguing sheet; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10970-180967. Literature See Conti Rossini, Carlo. 1941, Lo ‘Awda nagast scritto divinatorio etiopico, Rassegna di Studi Etiopici 1, 127-45; Baxter, R.M. 1977. Predicting the future with lakes and rivers : a note on the Awda Negast, Limnology and Oceanography 22,4, 777-80. Footnotes This is a divination manual used by a fortune teller. A composite volume with pages of different sizes and by many scribes, with numerous illustrations, in its original carrying case. The primary texts are: 1) The Awdä Nägäst (Cycle of the Kings). An Ethiopian divinatory text, probably originally composed in the 15th century. There are 16 full-page circular diagrams. These tables (awd) allow the diviner or fortune teller to find answers to specific questions posed by his clients. The sixteen tables are each named after Ethiopian lakes or rivers and always have the same basic structural format, differing only in the sequence of the various sectors. 2) Dialogues of the stars (zodiac). Subsidiary texts include additional divinatory texts.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


474

474

ETHIOPIAN AMULET NECKLACE WITH PROTECTIVE CHARMS ON PARCHMENT

PRAYERS

AND

19th century AD An amuletic necklace composed of thirty-nine mainly rectangular amulets of various sizes, some cylinder and oval-shaped, each encased in a leather pouch, stained in various shades of red and brown, including examples stamped or tooled with X-motifs or other geometric expressions, threaded on a slender rope. 189 grams, 126cm (49½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Sir Alistair McAlpine.

475

ETHIOPIAN MAGIC SCROLL WITH GUARDIAN ANGELS Mid 19th century AD A vellum scroll of three seamed panels with hand-coloured images of guardian angels and other protective iconography. 57 grams, 172cm (67¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 710 - 950 USD 820 - 1,100 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired from a UK collector in 1995; accompanied by a brief previously researched cataloguing sheet.

475

Footnotes ‘Magic scrolls’, held to possess protective and healing powers, were to be carried by the owner at all times. Each one was designed for the individual patron.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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Prehispanic & Natural History Also see lots 1831 - 1840; 6000 - 6170 204

Lots 476 - 500


476

476

MAYAN JADE MOSAIC MASK 6th-9th century AD A mask composed of carefully shaped, tessellating jade segments presenting a human face with almond-shaped eyes, a hooked nose in high-relief, small nostrils, full lips held slightly ajar revealing the top row of teeth and fleshy chin; convex profile; mounted on a custommade display stand. 1 kg total, 22.2cm including stand (8¾"). Fine condition, cracks to some of the jade segments. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 17,750 - 23,670 USD 20,590 - 27,460

Provenance Property of a Brussels gallery; previously with J. Gerena Fine Art, New York, USA, 2000; accompanied by scholarly note TL05401 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10950-178816. Literature Cf. Coe, M.D., The Maya, London, Thames & Hudson, 2002, pp.104, 107, 136, for a Late Classical head produced using this technique; see The British Museum, museum number Am.9599, for a stylistically similar mask; see Mayan jade masks held by the the National Museum of Anthropology of Mexico; cf. Vera, B.O., City Of The Gods The Pre-Columbian Cultures of Mexico, Italy, 1992, p.140, for a similar style of face. Footnotes The jade mosaic pieces would once have been affixed to a wooden backing, which has since been replaced with a more durable support. The parallels referred to in the literature were both discovered in royal tombs.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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477

478 477

478

CHAVIN CEREMONIAL DISH

MOCHE SICAN NOSE ORNAMENT WITH WARRIOR

9th-2nd century BC

c.2nd-5th century AD

A shallow carved rhyolite dish displaying a central standing figure surrounded by serpents in low relief on the exterior face; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 2.3 kg total, 29cm including stand (11½"). Very fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,920 - 8,280 USD 6,860 - 9,610

An oval-shaped gold-alloy nose ornament crafted using repoussé technique, with symmetrical design depicting a warrior standing on the ribbed body of a double-headed serpent, holding a snake staff in each hand; detailing to the face, hair and armour of the male figure, and to the beast heads, which expose sharp teeth and tongues as they roar; deep crescentic niche to the top edge for attachment to the external naris. 21.19 grams, 12cm (4¾"). Fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,960 - 4,140 USD 3,430 - 4,800

Provenance Property of a Brussels gallery; previously in the Walter Furt collection, Veirsailles, France, 1986; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10895-178815. Literature See The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Chavin Bowl, gift of Alfred C. Glassell, Jr, for a deeper bowl with similar motifs; Burger, R., Chavin and the Origins of Andean Civilization, Thames and Hudson, 1992, p.198, for a very similar figure carved as a free-standing stone sculpture from Pacompampa.

Provenance From the collection of M. Storsbergen, Netherlands; acquired 1968-197; accompanied by a signed Yanto Alexander Fine Art catalogue entry; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10953-179030. Literature See The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 1979.206.1225, 1979.206.1235 and 1979.206.1237, for stylistic similarities. Footnotes The mix of gold used here is known as 'Tumbaga gold'. Nose rings or narigurea such as the one offered here were an essential element of royal costume; this ornament would have belonged to an individual of high status in Moche society, or to a high-ranking priest. The Moche were renowned for the symmetry of their artwork.

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479

MOCHE SICAN GOLD PECTORAL WITH INLAYS c.2nd-5th century AD A gold-alloy crescent-shaped pectoral with repoussé openwork serpents and terminals representing masked decapitator god figures in dynamic poses, each holding a Tumi; free-running hanging dangles and raised bosses to the body and costumes, shell and sodalite inlay used decoratively and to highlight elements of costume, weaponry and facial features. 53.12 grams, 25.5cm (10"). Fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,960 - 4,140 USD 3,430 - 4,800 Provenance From the collection of M. Storsbergen, Netherlands; acquired 1968-1974; accompanied by a signed Yanto Alexander Fine Art catalogue description; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10952-179029.

479

Literature See The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 1979.206.1239, for a comparable ornament. Footnotes Moche was once a powerful state located on the north coast of modern-day Peru. The pectoral was an essential element of Moche royal costume in this period, worn exclusively by kings and religious figures of high status; an example such as the one offered here would have been placed beneath the chin of the deceased as part of the burial ceremony. The gold used here is a mix of gold alloy, silver and copper (Tumbaga gold); precious metals had many symbolic meaning for the Moche people and this combination may have been intended to express ideas of duality.

480

SICAN LAMBAYEQUE LIFE-SIZE GOLD FUNERARY MASK 750-1375 AD A life-size gold-alloy funerary mask produced using repoussé technique, the face with almond-shaped eyes below long brows, raised nose with two dangles, thin ellipsoidal mouth, deep nasolabial folds, abstract rectangular ears and large circular ear spools ornamented with a circumferential border of raised pellets-in-circles; clusters of tiny circular piercings in the ears and sides of the face where additional danglers probably once hung. 135 grams, 30cm (11¾"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,730 - 7,100 USD 5,490 - 8,240

480

Provenance From the collection of A. Fisher, Hamburg, Germany; previously in the collection of Jose Carlos Sempiterno Ribeiro, Lisbon, Portugal; ex Spanish archaeologist; believed to have been acquired, circa 1960s-1970s; accompanied by a signed Yanto Alexander Fine Art catalogue entry; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10882-179028. Literature See The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 1979.206.556, for a very similar example dated 9th-11th century AD.

481

MAYAN OBSIDIAN CEREMONIAL SPEARHEAD c.8th-10th century AD A leaf-shaped ceremonial bifacial obsidian spearhead; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 518 grams total, 18.5cm including stand (7¼"). Very fine condition, patinated. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of a Surrey, UK, gentleman; from collections formed since before 1970. Literature For a similar example of obsidian see Ligaube, I., The World That Wasn't There, 5 Continents, 2015, pp. 96-97.

481

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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482

482

483

MASSIVE FOSSIL MOSASAURUS ANCEPS JAWS

LARGE FOSSIL DYROSAURUS CROCOYLOMORPH

Cretaceous Period, 67-65 million years BP

Early Eocene Period, c.55-45 million years BP

An exceptionally large and spectacular fossil Mosasaur dinosaur skull on matrix showing both sides of both upper and lower jaws, with dentition; the main skull compressed during fossilisation and thus fragmented but well preserved; the reverse of the matrix with applied plaster reinforcement. 164 kg, 140 x 100cm (55 x 39¼"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,920 - 8,280 USD 6,860 - 9,610

A large and near complete fossil Dyrosaurus crocodilian skull, showing the full upper and lower jaws with teeth together with large part of the main skull, including eye sockets; supported on a custommade dark wood display stand. 11.7 kg total, 105cm including stand (41¼"). Fine condition. Rare so well preserved. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750

Provenance From an East Anglian, UK, collection; from the phosphate beds, Oved Zem, Morocco; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10930180710.

Provenance From an East Anglian, UK, collection; from the phosphate beds, Morocco; accompanied by a two page print out about Dyrosaurus. Literature See Buffetaut, E., L'Evolution des Crocodiliens, Paris, 1985, p.109.

Footnotes The Mosasaur is an extinct, large marine reptile dinosaur with a snake-like body, long snout and paddle-like limbs. found worldwide, they competed with other well-known sea predators of the Late Cretaceous, such as plesiosaurs and ichthyosaurs, for food, existing primarily on a diet of ammonoids, cuttlefish and fish.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


483

484

485

484

485

FOSSILISED CROCODILE SKULL

ARGOCHAMPSA FOSSIL CROCODILE SKULL

Upper Cretaceous-Lower Eocene Period, c. 93-56 million years BP

Paleocene Period, 66-56 million years BP

A substantial fossilised crocodile skull of Dryosaurus phosphaticus, found in the fossil deposits of the phosphate mines of Khouribga, Morocco, with many of the original teeth in situ. 6.2 kg, 57cm (22½"). Fine condition; repaired. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960

The upper part of a fossil Argochampsa krebsi crocodile skull on a sandy matrix wrapped in a plaster field jacket. 4.9 kg, 45cm (17¾"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,420 - 2,010 USD 1,650 - 2,330

Provenance From an old Bristol paleontological collection, acquired 1950s-1960s.

Provenance From an East Anglian, UK, collection; from Morocco. Footnotes Argochampsa or 'Argo crocodile' is an extinct genus of eusuchian crocodylomorph, usually regarded as a gavialoid crocodilian, related to modern gharials. It lived in the Paleocene of Morocco. Described by Hua and Jouve in 2004, the type species is A. krebsi. Argochampsa had a long narrow snout, and apparently marine in its behaviour.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

209


486

KEICHOUSAURUS COMPLETE FOSSIL SKELETON Triassic Period, 250-200 million years BP

486

A complete fossil Keichousaurus hui in a rectangular matrix. 2.9 kg, 30.4cm (12"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From an old Lincoln palaeontological collection, acquired 1970s-1980s; from Xingyi, Guizhou, China. Footnotes Keichousaurus was a late-Triassic marine reptile, and a member of the Pleurosaur family, and went extinct 250 million years ago during the TriassicJurassic extinction event. They were specialised fish eaters, and were highly unusual amongst marine reptiles in that they gave birth to live young rather than laying eggs.

487

KEICHOUSAURUS FOSSIL SKELETON Triassic Period, 250-200 million years BP A complete prepared fossil Keichousaurus hui skeleton on a rectangular matrix. 1.9 kg, 28.2 x 19.5cm (11 x 7¾"). Fine condition, repaired. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 487

Provenance Property of an East Sussex, UK, teacher; formerly from a Devon, UK, collection; previously in the collection of a Chinese gentleman since the 1970s. Footnotes Keichousaurus was a late-Triassic marine reptile and a member of the Pleurosaur family; it died out around 250 million years ago during the TriassicJurassic extinction event. They were specialised fish eaters, and were highly unusual amongst marine reptiles in that they gave birth to live young rather than laying eggs.

488

LARGE AFRICAN 'T-REX' FOSSIL TOOTH WITH ROOT Cretaceous Period, 145-65 million years BP A large Carcharodontosaurus saharicus (African T-rex) fossil dinosaur tooth, complete with the root, the tooth serration is visible with some good enamel remains. 106 grams, 16.8cm (6½"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From an old Lincolnshire collection, acquired during the 1980s; from the Tegana formation, Sahara Desert, Morocco.

488

Footnotes Often referred to as the African T-Rex, Carcharodontosaurus saharicus was one of the largest predators (larger than its distant North American T-Rex cousin) of all time and is also related to allosaurus and the South American giganotosaurus.

489

LARGE AFRICAN 'T-REX' FOSSIL TOOTH Cretaceous Period, 145-65 million years BP A large fossil Carcharodontosaurus saharicus (African T-rex) dinosaur tooth, with remains of enamelling and serration to both edges; accompanied by a presentation box. 74 grams, 91mm (3½"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 950 - 1,180 USD 1,100 - 1,370 Provenance From an East Anglian, UK, collection; from Sahara Desert region, Morocco.

489

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490

LARGE FOSSIL HADROSAUR DINOSAUR EGG Late Cretaceous Period, 100-66 million years BP A large Charonosaurus sp. hadrosaur egg on matrix retaining evidence of the original leathery surface. 3.3 kg, 17cm (6½"). Fine condition. £250 - 350 EUR 300 - 410 USD 340 - 480

490

Provenance Property of an East Sussex gentleman; from his private collection formed between 1983 and 1990. Footnotes Dinosaur eggs are known from about 200 sites around the world, the majority in Asia and mostly in terrestrial (non-marine) rocks of Cretaceous Age. It may be that thick calcite eggshells evolved during the Cretaceous (145 to 65 million years ago). Most dinosaur eggs have one of two forms of eggshell that are distinct from the shells of related modern animal groups, such as turtles or birds; however, some eggs closely resemble the type of shells seen in present day ostrich eggs.

491

LARGE FOSSIL HADROSAUR DINOSAUR EGG Late Cretaceous Period, 100-66 million years BP A large Charonosaurus sp. hadrosaur egg retaining evidence of the original leathery surface. 2.5 kg, 15cm (6"). Fine condition. £200 - 300 EUR 240 - 350 USD 270 - 410 Provenance Property of an East Sussex gentleman; from his private collection formed between 1983 and 1990.

491

Footnotes Dinosaur eggs are known from about 200 sites around the world, the majority in Asia and mostly in terrestrial (non-marine) rocks of the Cretaceous Period. It may be that thick calcite eggshells evolved during the Cretaceous (145 to 65 million years ago). Most dinosaur eggs have one of two forms of eggshell that are distinct from the shells of related modern animal groups, such as turtles or birds; however, some eggs closely resemble the type of shells seen in present day ostrich eggs.

492

OVIRAPTOR FOSSIL DINOSAUR EGG Late Cretaceous Period, 88-71 million years BP A fossil Oviraptor philocerataops egg; from the Gobi Desert, Mongolia. 945 grams, 18.5cm (7¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 470 - 710 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of an East Sussex, UK, teacher; formerly from a Devon, UK, collection; previously in the collection of a Chinese gentleman since the 1970s.

492

Footnotes Oviraptor, or 'egg thief', was a small feathered bipedal therapod. Being omnivorous, it fed on plants, insects, eggs and fish. Famously mis-named upon its initial discovery in association with a nest of eggs in 1924, it is now accepted that the oviraptor was nesting, not raiding; palaeontologists have since discovered oviraptor in association with eggs containing fossil oviraptor embryos.

493

FOSSIL OREODONT SKULL Oligocene Period, c.45 million years BP A fossil Merycoidodon culbertsoni oreodont skull with a full set of teeth; 'L00500' inked to the base. 969 grams, 17.5cm (7"). Fine condition, some repair. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From an old Lincolnshire collection, acquired during the 1980s.

493

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494

FOSSIL OREODONT SKULL Oligocene Period, 45 million years BP 494

A fossil skull of Merycoidodon culbertsoni oreodont in a matrix, with a quantity of teeth in situ. 1.2 kg, 18.5cm (7¼"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of an East Sussex gentleman; from his private collection formed between 1983 and 1990; formerly in a South East London collection formed in the 1970s.

495

MEGALODON GIANT SHARK FOSSIL TOOTH Miocene-Pliocene Period, 23-2.5 million years BP A large Carcharocles megalodon shark tooth with serrations and enamel preservation. 135 grams, 94mm (3¾"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously in the private UK collection of Mr. D.G.; acquired in 1990s.

495

Footnotes Carcharodon megalodon is regarded as one of the largest and most powerful marine predators in vertebrate history and likely had a profound impact on structuring of the marine communities. Fossil remains indicate that this giant shark reached a length of more than 16 metres (52 ft) and also affirm that it had a cosmopolitan distribution. Scientists suggest that C. megalodon in life looked like a stockier version of the great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias.

496

MEGALODON GIANT SHARK FOSSIL TOOTH Miocene-Pliocene Period, 23-2.5 million years BP A good size Carcharocles megalodon shark tooth with serrations and enamel preservation. 130 grams, 10.3cm (4"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of a London gallery; previously in the private UK collection of Mr. D.G.; acquired in 1990s.

496

Footnotes Carcharodon megalodon is regarded as one of the largest and most powerful marine predators in vertebrate history and likely had a profound impact on structuring of the marine communities. Fossil remains indicate that this giant shark reached a length of more than 16 metres (52 ft) and also affirm that it had a cosmopolitan distribution. Scientists suggest that C. megalodon in life looked like a stockier version of the great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias.

497

VERY LARGE HETEROMORPH FOSSIL AMMONITE Cretaceous Period, 125-113 million years BP A very large Heteromorph sp. ammonite. 14.5 kg, 35.5cm (14"). Fine condition, repaired. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From an East Anglian, UK, collection; from Morocco.

497

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498

498

VERY LARGE FOSSIL AGADIR AMMONITE Cretaceous Period, 145-66 million years BP An unusually large fossil Mellitella sp. ammonite showing well preserved ribs. 2.4 kg, 44cm (17½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 590 - 830 USD 690 - 960 Provenance From an East Anglian, UK, collection; from Agadir, Morocco.

499

FOSSIL EURIPHOLIS FISH AND CYCLOBATIS STINGRAY Cretaceous Period, 145-65 million years BP A fossil Euripholis boissieri fish and Cyclobatis major stingray, surrounded by a number of smaller fossil impressions; in an irregular matrix. 3.5 kg, 44.5cm (17½"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,770 - 2,370 USD 2,060 - 2,750 Provenance From an East Anglian, UK, collection; accompanied by an illustrated information card; from Haqil Byblos, Lebanon.

499

Footnotes Euripholis was a medium-sized fish with a large head and broad dorsal aspect, sharp teeth indicative that this was a formidable predator. The Cyclobatis stingray, or 'sun fish' is so called due to the radial arrangement of its pectoral fins.

500

ABROTOCRINUS UNICUS FOSSIL CRINOID Carboniferous Period, 359-298 million years BP A group of fossil crinoids, Abrotocrinus unicus and Cyathocrinites multibrachiatus in a rectangular matrix. 322 grams, 12cm (4¾"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 350 - 470 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From a Lincolnshire, UK, collection.

500

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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Terms & Conditions

Bidder/Buyer Terms and Conditions 1. Interpretations and Definitions: the following terms generally apply within these Terms and Conditions; other terms are defined within specific sections following: Auctioneer – the firm TimeLine Auctions Ltd (“TimeLine” hereafter) or its authorised auctioneer, acting as Agent for the Seller. TimeLine is a company registered in England and Wales (company no: 06873501) with registered office at 40 Kilmarnock Drive, Luton, LU2 7YP, UK. The website and telephone number are https://timelineauctions.com and ++44 (0) 1277 815121. Agent – a person or body acting on behalf of another. ALR – Art Loss Register - All lots with an upper estimate value of £1,000 and above and all ancient Western Asiatic lots are searched against the Art Loss Register database. Auction – a sale event whether taking place live in real-time or of extended duration (Timed Auction). Bid – a sum offered by a Bidder to purchase the Lot. Bidder – the person offering a Bid. Buyer – the Bidder who the Lot is Knocked Down to. Buyer’s Premium – the percentage of the Hammer Price payable by the Buyer to TimeLine in accordance with clause 19. CITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. Data Protection Legislation –all applicable data protection and privacy legislation in force from time to time in the UK including the General Data Protection Regulation ((EU) 2016/679) (83) (GDPR); the Data Protection Act 2018; the Privacy and Electronic Communications Directive 2002/58/EC (as updated by Directive 2009/136/EC) and the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/2426) as amended, and any and all applicable national data protection laws made under or pursuant to the GDPR, as may be amended or superseded from time to time. Date of Sale – the date on which the Auctioneer Knocks Down the Lot. Group – any Lot comprising more than one item. Hammer Price – the amount of the winning bid when Knocked Down by the Auctioneer to a Bidder. Knock(ed/ing) Down – the act of the Auctioneer in bringing the Hammer down to complete the contract for the sale of the Lot to the Bidder submitting the highest bid. Lot – the goods for sale. Purchase Price – the total sum due for any Lot, including the Hammer Price, the Buyer’s Premium, any internet bidding fees, any shipping charges, taxes, duties or any other costs payable to TimeLine. Registered Bidder –a Bidder who has registered with TimeLine for the purpose of taking part in any Auction. Reserve Price – the minimum Hammer Price at which a Lot may be Knocked Down. Seller – the person offering the Lot for sale. Title – legal rights of ownership of the Lot. 2. Application: the singular includes the plural and vice versa and any reference to ‘he’, ‘she’ or ‘it’ applies to all of them. 3. Basis of Contract: a. These Terms and Conditions apply to the exclusion of any other terms that the Bidder/Buyer seeks to impose or incorporate, or which are implied by trade, custom, practice or course of dealing. b. Each Buyer is required to carefully read the Terms and Conditions before offering a bid. When a Buyer makes a bid he/she acknowledges that he/she has read, understood and accepted these terms. c. TimeLine does not act for or give advice to Bidders/Buyers. 4. Dimensions, weights and colour: all dimensions and weights (including ring sizes) are approximate and are for general guidance only; a single dimension given is normally the greatest dimension for the piece(s). Although TimeLine have made

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every effort to precisely display the colours and condition of a Lot, TimeLine does not guarantee that a device displays them accurately. The Lot may vary slightly from those images. 5. Condition: items are briefly described with respect to condition using various phrases to signify the overall and general condition. It should be noted that items having significant age, sometimes being very ancient, often show minor blemishes and defects and these are considered to be normal and will not be individually described. Phrases used include: Restored - may be repaired or otherwise reinstated; possibly with some areas replaced; Fair Condition - may be fragmentary or obviously damaged; Fine Condition - usually essentially complete but may have minor damage or show restoration or repair; Very Fine Condition - usually complete and in good condition; may have some minor damage, restoration or repair; and Extremely Fine Condition - complete and better than average condition, without significant repair or restoration. Bidders are encouraged to carefully examine in person any Lot(s) for which they intend or do Bid for. It is not possible to note all marks or defects and neither TimeLine or the Auctioneer make any guarantee as to the physical quality or condition of any Lot(s). 6. Dating: dates may be given in several forms, as examples below: 527 AD - an item that bears a date upon it or that can otherwise be dated with precision; 6th century AD - an item that can be dated with considerable confidence to a specific period; Circa 6th century AD - an item that can be approximately dated by comparison with other pieces; Probably 6th century AD - an item that is likely to be of this period in the light of similar pieces; Possibly 6th century AD - an item that might be of this period by comparison with items of a broadly similar character; and Undated - no date is known or suggested for the piece. 6th Century AD or later – an item is dated to a specific period but may also be a revival of style of a later date. 7. Attributions: works of art attributions may be given in several forms, as examples below: Signed – a work bearing the signature of the named artist; Attributed to – a work of the period of the artist which may be in whole or in part the work of the artist named; Circle of – a work of the period of the artist and showing his influence; Follower of – a contemporary or nearly so work executed in the style of the artist; Manner of – a work executed in the style of the artist but of a later date; and After – a copy of any date of a work of the artist. 8. Other Descriptive Matters: some other words or phrases are used descriptively, as examples below: Style - an item made in the style of an earlier age but thought to be probably of later date. Archaistic - an item made in the style of a much earlier age; Grand Tour - an item usually of some age but in the style of an earlier age; After the Antique - an item made as a reproduction, usually of quite modern date; and Faux - used descriptively when the material used is probably imitative in character. 9. Lots including Archaeological or Cultural Property: a UK export licence from the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, is required for Lots originating

from UK soil or territory leaving the UK and for such Lots of non-UK origin when leaving the EU. TimeLine will make applications for the necessary Cultural Property Export Licence as a ‘free of charge’ service to Buyers, where the Export Licence is legally required. If a Buyer requests for TimeLine to apply for an Export Licence where this is not legally required, an additional fee of £24 (VAT inclusive) will be invoiced to the Buyer. Buyers are advised to check concerning any Regulations applicable in their country of residence regarding importation and to enquire prior to bidding. The deferment of any Export Licence shall not be reason to cancel any bid nor to delay payment. 10. Lots including materials from Endangered Species: Buyers are responsible for obtaining a CITES licence when required for the export from the UK of any item(s) made of or containing materials such as ivory, tortoiseshell, rhinoceros horn, whalebone, etc. 11. Import Licences: Buyers are responsible for checking and ensuring compliance with any regulations applicable in their country of residence regarding importation. 12. Copyright: all cataloguing text, images and other material published by TimeLine whether physically or electronically is the property of TimeLine and may not be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or otherwise transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written consent of TimeLine. 13. General Conduct of Auction: TimeLine shall have absolute discretion as to lots offered for sale, lots withdrawn and the conduct of any Auction. TimeLine shall have absolute discretion to refuse entry, decline bids and expel any person from the Auction whether present in person or by agent or proxy or attending by way of any electronic media or telecommunications. 14. Viewing: all Lots are available to view. All prospective Bidders are advised to view any Lot(s) prior to bidding and the Bidder must form their own opinion before bidding. Public viewing arrangements will be advised in advance of the Date of Sale and private viewing can be arranged at the TimeLine premises by appointment. 15. Lot Descriptions: all Lots are offered ‘as seen’ and ‘as is’ and are available for inspection. The Buyer is obligated to make all and any enquiries he wishes as to the accuracy and authenticity of any sale description (including Condition, Dating and Attributions, as set out in clauses 5-7).The principle of caveat emptor applies except where expressly excluded by operation of law. While materials (such as catalogues) are vetted by an external committee of experts, TimeLine do not make or give any guarantee, warranty or representation or undertake any duty of care in relation to the description, illustrations or photographs of any Lot, including condition, quality, provenance, authenticity, background, style, period, age, origin, value and estimated selling price. TimeLine undertakes no obligation to examine, investigate or carry out any tests either in sufficient depth or at all to establish the accuracy or otherwise of any description or opinions given by TimeLine whether in the catalogue or elsewhere. Lots comprising Groups are sold strictly subject to them not being returnable for any reason whatsoever; the provisions set out under clause 43 are specifically excluded in respect of such Lots. For coins that have been authenticated, graded and encapsulated ('slabbed') by an independent grading company, no guarantee of any kind is offered by TimeLine. Buyers should note that removal or attempted removal from any slab will immediately void any independent guarantee that might have been offered by that grading company. 16.

Condition Reports: All Lots are

available for inspection. TimeLine will provide a report on the physical condition of any Lot on request. Bidders should note that reports are provided as a free service to interested Bidders. Descriptions therein are not warranties and all Lots are offered ‘as seen’ and ‘as is’. 17. Estimates: estimates are for general guidance only and Lots may sell outside their indicated range(s). Bidders must make their own assessment as to the value of any Lot and conduct their bidding accordingly. 18. Reserves: Lots may be subject to a Reserve Price set by the Seller, at a level not exceeding the low estimate, below which bids cannot be accepted; TimeLine reserves the right to bid on behalf of a Seller, up to the amount of any Reserve Price. 19. Buyer’s Premium: the Buyer’s Premium is 27% of the Hammer Price [inclusive of VAT] for all successful Bidders. Use of the TimeLine Auctions online inhouse bidding service is free of additional charge. For those using any other internet bidding platforms, the provider’s normal charges at up to 6% (inclusive of VAT) will be payable by the Buyer in addition to the Buyer’s Premium. 20. Registration and Bidding: all prospective Bidders must register their personal details with TimeLine before bidding and a Bidder Number will be allocated for their use in relation to a specific sale; prospective Bidders will be asked to provide proof of identity and address. TimeLine reserves its right to refuse any Bidder or any Bid at its discretion. A deposit in accordance with clause 27 may be required before accepting any Bid(s). The Bidder Number must be shown by Bidders to the Auctioneer when placing a bid and by the successful Bidder when the Lot is Knocked Down. The auctioneer shall conduct the Auction at his sole discretion for all matters, accept Bids from any source and may exercise bids on behalf of absent Bidders or on behalf of Sellers up to any Reserve Price. Bidding shall be in pounds sterling only and generally in accordance with the increments set out below: a. £0 to £99 – in increments of £5 b. £100 to £199 – in increments of £10 c. £200 to £499 – in increments of £20 d. £500 to £999 – in increments of £50 e. £1000 to £1999 – in increments of £100 f. £2000 to £4,999 – in increments of £200 g. £5000 to £9,999 – in increments of £500 h. £10000 to £19,999 – in increments of £1,000 i. £20000 to £49,999 – in increments of £2,000 j. £50000 to £99,999 – in increments of £5,000 k. £100,000 to £249,999 – in increments of £10,000 l. £250,000 and up – in minimum increments of £20,000 21. Absentee Bidding/Auto Bidding: Registered Bidders may leave absentee/auto Bids in advance of a live Auction directly through the TimeLine website or in writing by mail, email, fax or other delivery means and will be automatically exercised at the Reserve Price or at one bid increment above any competing Bid up to the submitted maximum Bid amount. 22. Commission Bidding: while Bidders are advised to attend the Auction and to bid


TimeLine Auctions

in person, TimeLine will accept written instructions in advance of a live Auction from a Registered Bidder to personally execute bids on behalf of the Bidder up to a stated maximum. Unlimited bids or bids to ‘buy’ will not be accepted. In the event of identical bids being received from more than one Bidder, the earliest received will have priority. TimeLine offers this as a free service for live Auctions but] no liability is accepted for any errors in bidding or in the event that a Bid is not placed. A deposit may be required In accordance with clause 27. 23. Internet Bidding: live, real-time bidding is available to Bidders through the TimeLine website for all live Auctions. Bidders intending to use any other internet bidding service must Register in advance with that service and the provider’s normal charges at up to 6% (VAT inclusive) will be payable in addition to the Buyer’s Premium. It is entirely the responsibility of the Bidder using any bidding service to ensure that Bids are made accurately; Bids cannot be retracted once made and are binding on the Bidder in all circumstances. TimeLine are not responsible for any technical or other failure which results in Bids not being received. 24. Telephone Bidding: facilities for telephone bidding are available at live Auctions at the discretion of TimeLine for Bidders on Lots with a low estimate in excess of £250 and must be booked and confirmed in advance. It is a condition for acceptance by TimeLine of any telephone bidding request that the Bidder undertakes to execute a minimum Bid at the low estimate sum. TimeLine offers telephone bidding as a free service but no liability is accepted for any errors or in the event that a connection cannot be made or is interrupted before the Lot is Knocked Down. 25. Agents: all Bidders making Bids through any means shall be deemed to be acting as principal in their bidding and shall be directly and fully liable for all Bid amounts, Buyer’s Premium and any other charges or costs. If any prospective Bidder wishes to appoint a person to bid on their behalf, then this must be agreed and authorised in writing by TimeLine in advance of the Auction. A deposit may be required in accordance with clause 27. 26. Value Added Tax: VAT is charged on an inclusive basis, under the Auctioneer’s Margin Scheme on all Buyer's Premiums and other charges. For some items, such as investment gold, modern jewellery and gemstones, where marked with a ‘dagger’ (†) symbol, VAT on the Hammer Price will be payable in addition. Where import duties are payable, these lots are marked with symbols ‡ Ω at the corresponding rates. 27. Deposits: Timeline reserves the right to request a deposit in certain circumstances. The amount of the deposit will be set by Timeline. If a Bid is not placed the deposit will be paid back within a reasonable timeframe after the close of the auction. In case of a successful bid, the deposit will be reduced from the Purchase Price payable by the Buyer. 28. Payment: the Purchase Price becomes due and payable when the Lot is Knocked Down by the Auctioneer. Requests and Statements detailing the purchase information will be sent out by email or post; Bidders may be telephoned or otherwise contacted when payment is not received promptly or where there are queries in any respect. a. The full Purchase Price must be paid in Pounds Sterling and can be made by bank transfer (for transfers from outside the UK, subject to payment of an additional £10 overseas bank transaction fee), by cash up to the value of £7,000, by cheque from a UK bank (subject to clearance) or by bank debit card or credit card (up to a maximum of £500). It is the responsibility of the Buyer to ensure that TimeLine receives the correct amount payable. b. Unless agreed by TimeLine in writing

Terms & Conditions

in advance of the Auction, the Buyer must pay the Purchase Price in full in cleared funds to TimeLine by no later than 4.30pm on the third working day following the Date of Sale. In case of delayed payment, clause 32 applies. 29. Title, Risk and Insurance: Title to any Lot is retained by the Seller until the Purchase Price and all other sums payable by the Buyer have been paid in full in cleared funds to TimeLine; at this point, Title will transfer from the Seller to the Buyer. Risk for the Lot passes to the Buyer at the time the Lot is Knocked Down to the Bidder. TimeLine does not hold property insured after the Lot has been Knocked Down. 30. Collection of Lots and Storage: Once the Buyer has paid the Purchase Price in full, TimeLine will release the Lot to the Buyer for collection. The Buyer must collect, or arrange the collection of, all purchases from the location advised by TimeLine by 4.30pm on the seventh working day following the Date of Sale.

33. Limitation of Liability: The Auctioneer has obtained insurance cover in respect of its own legal liability for individual claims. The limits and exclusions in this clause reflect the insurance cover the Auctioneer has been able to arrange and the Buyer is responsible for making his own arrangements for the insurance of any excess loss. Timeline will under no circumstances be liable to the Buyer, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, arising under or in connection with the contract for: a. any loss of profits, sales, business or revenue b. loss of business opportunity c. an indirect or consequential loss. Our total liability to you for all losses arising under or in connection to the contract, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, will in no circumstances exceed £500.

TimeLine may provide the Buyer with a quotation and contact details for the services of Mail Boxes Etc on TimeLine documentation (any storage/shipping contract is between the Buyer and Mail Boxes Etc). The Buyer may arrange a service of their choice for collection, packing and shipping services. Lots not collected by the seventh working day following the Date of Sale will be moved to storage at a transfer cost of £20 plus VAT per Lot and storage charges will thereafter be applied at the rate of £1.90 plus VAT per Lot per day until collected; no Lots may be removed/released to the Buyer until all storage and transfer costs have been paid in full. In the event that the accrual of storage charges reaches 50% of the Hammer Price paid or after the expiration of three months from the transfer date, whichever occurs first, Timeline reserve the right to re-sell any and all Lots stored without notice and in any manner at their sole discretion and to apply any proceeds in defrayment of such costs. The Buyer will be entitled to receive any credit balance above the amount of the costs on request but will remain liable for any deficit.

Nothing in the Contract limits any liability which cannot legally be limited, including but not limited to liability for: a. death or personal injury caused by negligence; b. fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation; and c. breach of the terms implied by section 12 of the Supply of Goods and Services Act 1979 (title and quiet possession).

31. Delivery by TimeLine: at the absolute discretion of TimeLine, TimeLine may, on request, directly arrange delivery of certain Lots to the address registered to the Buyer, on payment by the Buyer to TimeLine of any advised handling and delivery charge.

36. Anti-Money Laundering: TimeLine’s Anti-Money Laundering Policy sets out TimeLine’s policy for ensuring compliance anti-money laundering legislation that applies to some of TimeLine’s activities. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time.

32. Remedies for Buyer’s Failure to Make Payment and/or Remove Lots: if the Purchase Price and/or all sums payable are not paid in full when they fall due and/or the Lot is not removed in accordance with these terms, TimeLine may without further notice to the Buyer be entitled to exercise one or more of the following rights: a. To terminate the agreement immediately for breach of contract; b. To retain possession of the Lot; c. To remove and/or store the Lot at the Buyer’s expense, as detailed at clause 30at a cost to the Buyer of £20 + VAT for the transfer per Lot plus a daily cost of £1.90 plus VAT per Lot for the storage; d. To take legal proceedings against the Buyer for payment of any sums due to TimeLine by the Buyer; e. To be paid interest on any monies due to TimeLine at the annual rate of 8% per annum from time to time to be calculated on a daily basis from the date upon which such monies became payable until the date of actual payment; f. To sell the Lot without a Reserve Price at Auction or by any other means and apply any proceeds against the amount owing by the Buyer to TimeLine; g. To apply any monies received from the Buyer in payment or part payment of any sums due from the Buyer to TimeLine under these terms; h. To refuse to allow the Buyer to register for a future Auction or to reject a bid from the Buyer at a future Auction.

This clause 33 shall survive termination of the Contract. 34. Buyer’s Indemnity: the Buyer agrees to indemnify TimeLine on a full indemnity basis against all legal and other costs, all losses and expenses incurred as a result of TimeLine taking steps under clause 33. 35. Use of your personal information: TimeLine will only use the Seller’s personal information as set out in their privacy policy. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. Where Timeline processes any personal data, it will comply with the requirements and obligations under the Data Protection Legislation.

37. Sale of Goods Act: The terms implied by sections 13 to 15 of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 are, to the fullest extent permitted by law, excluded. 38. Severance: If any provision or partprovision of these terms and conditions is or becomes invalid, illegal or unenforceable, it shall be deemed modified to the minimum extent necessary to make it valid, legal and enforceable. If such modification is not possible, the relevant provision or partprovision shall be deemed deleted. Any modification to or deletion of a provision or part-provision under this clause shall not affect the validity and enforceability of the rest of the terms and conditions. 39. Amendments: TimeLine may amend these Terms and Conditions from time to time. Please check our website for our latest terms and conditions. 40. No waiver: No failure or delay by TimeLine to exercise any right or remedy provided under the these Terms and Conditions or by law shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor shall it prevent or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy. 41. Third-Party rights: These Terms & Conditions are between Timeline and a Seller. No other person shall have any rights to enforce any of these terms.

42. Governing Law: these terms and conditions and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with them or their subject matter or formation (including noncontractual disputes or claims) shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the law of England and Wales. 43. Jurisdiction: the Bidder irrevocably agrees that the courts of England and Wales shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these terms and conditions or its subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims). At the sole discretion of TimeLine, the auctioneer may instigate any proceedings within the jurisdiction of the bidder's country of residence. 44. Disputes: in the event that the Buyer has any dispute in relation to any Lot, not being a Lot described as a Group, Collection or other term indicating that the lot comprises more than one object, (such lots being sold cannot be returned in accordance with clause 15), which has been sold, that dispute must be notified to TimeLine in writing within 14 days following the Date of the Sale in order that TimeLine can hold the proceeds pending resolution of the dispute. In the event of deliberate forgery being claimed for any Lot, the Buyer shall submit two opinions in writing from recognised experts for consideration; the inability of different experts to agree shall not be sufficient grounds. No liability is accepted by TimeLine for any costs/losses of the Buyer, including but not limited to fees, shipping, loss of profit, consequential costs or any other matters beyond the Hammer Price and Buyer's Premium. In all cases, any item must be returned to TimeLine, strictly in the condition it was in at the date of the sale being held; Buyers are advised that any form of destructive examination or testing undertaken will result in claims being rejected; claims resulting from results of tests under a scientific process not generally accepted for use at the Date of the Sale or which were unreasonably expensive in relation to the estimates for the lot or impractical or likely to have caused damage to the Lot at the Date of the Sale will not be allowed. TimeLine will have no liability to the Buyer after a period of 14 days as then TimeLine will release monies and make payments to Sellers.

Seller’s Terms and Conditions 1. Interpretations and Definitions: the following terms generally apply within these Terms and Conditions; other terms are defined within specific sections following: Auctioneer – the firm TimeLine Auctions Ltd (“TimeLine” hereafter) or its authorised auctioneer, acting as Agent for the Seller. TimeLine is a company registered in England and Wales (company no: 06873501) with registered office at 40 Kilmarnock Drive, Luton, LU2 7YP, UK. The website and telephone number are https://timelineauctions.com and +44 (0) 1277 815121. Agent – a person or body acting on behalf of another. ALR – Art Loss Register - All lots with an upper Estimate value of £1,000 and above and all ancient Western Asiatic lots are searched against the Art Loss Register database. Auction – a sale event whether taking place live in real-time or of extended duration (Timed Auction). Bid – a sum offered by a Bidder to purchase the Lot. Bidder – the person offering a Bid. Buyer – the person who the Lot is Knocked Down to. Date of Sale – the date on which the Auctioneer Knocks Down the Lot. Data Protection Legislation –all applicable data protection and privacy legislation in force from time to time in the UK including

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TimeLine Auctions

the General Data Protection Regulation ((EU) 2016/679) (83) (GDPR); the Data Protection Act 2018; the Privacy and Electronic Communications Directive 2002/58/EC (as updated by Directive 2009/136/EC) and the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/2426) as amended, and any and all applicable national data protection laws made under or pursuant to the GDPR, as may be amended or superseded from time to time. Estimate – the estimate for any Lots as set out in the Property Receipt. Group – any Lot comprising more than one item. Hammer Price – the amount of the winning bid when Knocked Down by the Auctioneer to a Bidder. Knock(ed/ing) Down – the act of the Auctioneer in bringing the Hammer down to complete the contract for the sale of the Lot to the Bidder submitting the highest bid. Lot – the goods for sale. Net Proceeds-the Hammer Price less the Selling Commission and any charges or expenses levied at Timeline’s discretion in accordance with these Terms and Conditions. Purchase Price – the total sum due for any Lot, including the Hammer Price, the Buyer’s Premium, any internet bidding fees, any shipping charges, taxes, duties or any other costs payable to TimeLine. Reserve Price – the minimum Hammer Price at which a Lot may be Knocked Down Seller – the person offering the Lot for sale. Selling Commission – the sum due to TimeLine from the Seller in accordance with clause 10. Timed Sale –in relation to an unsold Lot, a 28 day timeframe to allow a sale post Auction in accordance with clause 15. Title – legal rights of ownership of the Lot. Unsold Fee – 6% (VAT inclusive) of the Reserve Price. Withdrawal Fee – the fee payable to TimeLine in the event the Seller withdraws a Lot in accordance with clause 14, which shall be 6% (VAT inclusive) of the low Estimate or Reserve Price, whichever is higher.

cleared funds to TimeLine; at this point, Title will transfer from the Seller to the Buyer. Risk for the Lot passes to the Buyer at the time the Lot is Knocked Down to the Bidder. TimeLine does not hold any Lot insured after the Lot has been Knocked Down.

2. Application: the singular includes the plural and vice versa and any reference to ‘he’, ‘she’ or ‘it’ applies to all of them.

This clause 8 shall survive termination of the Contract.

3. Basis of Contract: a. These terms and conditions apply to the exclusion of any other terms that the Seller seeks to impose or incorporate, or which are implied by trade, custom, practice or course of dealing. b. Each Seller is required to read the terms and conditions attached to the Property Acceptance/Receipt and acknowledges that he/she has read, accepted and acknowledged the terms of such attachment, in advance of signing the same. c. As auctioneer, TimeLine acts solely for, and in the interest of, the Seller. 4. Copyright: all cataloguing text, images and other material published by TimeLine (including in relation to any Lot) whether physically or electronically is the property of TimeLine and may not be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or otherwise transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written consent of TimeLine. Timeline does not guarantee that a device accurately displays the colours and condition of a Lot. 5. Rights to Photographs, Illustrations and Documents: the Seller grants to Timeline full and absolute right to photograph or illustrate any Lot and to use such photographs or illustrations, and any photographs, illustrations or documents provided by the Seller, at any time and at TimeLine’s absolute discretion (whether or not in connection with any Auction). 6. Title, Risk and Insurance: Title to any Lot is retained by the Seller until the Purchase Price and all other sums payable by the Buyer have been paid in full in

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7. Seller’s Representations and Warranties: in submitting any Lot for sale, the Seller warrants and represents to TimeLine the matters set out in the Property Acceptance/Receipt and Seller’s statement of provenance. The Seller will be asked to provide proof of identity and address. 8. Limitation of Liability: The Auctioneer has obtained insurance cover in respect of its own legal liability for individual claims. The limits and exclusions in this clause reflect the insurance cover the Auctioneer has been able to arrange and the Seller is responsible for making his own arrangements for the insurance of any excess loss. Timeline will under no circumstances be liable to the Seller, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, arising under or in connection with the Contract for: a. any loss of profits, sales, business or revenue; b. loss of business opportunity; and c. an indirect or consequential loss. TimeLine’s total liability to the Seller for all losses arising under or in connection to the Contract, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, will in no circumstances exceed £500. Nothing in these terms and conditions limits any liability which cannot legally be limited, including but not limited to liability for: a. death or personal injury caused by negligence; b. fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation; and c. breach of the terms implied by section 12 of the Supply of Goods and Services Act 1979 (title and quiet possession).

9. Seller’s Indemnity: the Seller shall indemnify and hold TimeLine harmless from all claims and all direct, indirect or consequential losses (including loss of profits, loss of business, depletion of goodwill and similar losses), costs, proceedings, damages and expenses (including legal and other professional fees and expenses) awarded against or incurred or paid by TimeLine as a result or in connection with: a. any breach of the warranties referred to in clause 7; b. any claim made against TimeLine concerning the authenticity of any Lot; c. any alleged or actual infringement, whether or not under English law, of any third party’s Intellectual Property Rights or other rights arising out of the Auction or sale of the Lot. 10. Selling Commission: The standard rate of selling commission payable to TimeLine shall be 18% of the Hammer Price (VAT inclusive). 11. Additional Charges: TimeLine may levy additional charges regarding: a. Collection of goods from Seller’s premises, storage of goods submitted for sale by a Seller and storage of Lots unsold in accordance with clause 15; b. Further charges at the discretion of TimeLine on advance warning to the Seller for any unusual research, special or additional imaging, testing, consultation with external specialists, conservation, cleaning or other services concerned with presenting the Lot, including VAT or other taxes or duties as applicable. c. All items submitted for sale in the 'Western Asiatic' category (other than items designated as 'style') and all lots over £1000

will incur an administration charge of £6.00 (VAT inclusive) per item for additional checking, including searches against the ALR. 12. Lots: all goods submitted to TimeLine will be lotted, catalogued and offered by live auction sale, limited timed auction sale, 'buy it now' direct sale or other method at the sole discretion of TimeLine; antiquities, antiques and collectables Lots with a low Estimate of £200 or less and coin Lots with a low Estimate of £100 or less will not normally be illustrated in any printed catalogue and printed text entries may be minimised (images and full text will always be shown on the TimeLine website); Estimates are provided for information only and Hammer Prices may differ from the estimated range. 13. Reserve Price: The Seller may set a Reserve Price on any Lot where the low Estimate exceeds £120 subject to agreeing that an Unsold Fee will become payable to Timeline for any such Reserved Lot which fails to sell; in addition the Seller agrees that the auctioneer may accept a bid received at one bid increment or 10% of the Reserve Price (whichever is higher) below the Reserve Price sum if necessary to sell the Lot. 14. Withdrawal of Lots: Once entered for sale, Lots may be withdrawn by the Seller only upon the agreement of TimeLine and payment to TimeLine of the Withdrawal Fee; a Withdrawal Fee will also be payable should any post-Sale offer be received in accordance with clause 14 but not accepted by the Seller. TimeLine reserves the absolute right to withdraw any Lot from sale for any reason in which circumstance no Withdrawal Fee will be payable. The Seller is thereafter responsible for collection of any Lot which has been withdrawn and clause 15 applies. 15. Unsold Lots and Storage: in the event that a Lot is not sold no Selling Commission is payable unless the Lot was subject to a Reserve Price in which case a sum of 6% (VAT inclusive)of the Reserve Price is payable by the Seller to TimeLine. TimeLine shall retain possession of unsold Lots for a period of twenty-eight days from the date of any Auction for entry into any Timed Sale or against the possibility of receiving post-Sale offers for such Lots. The Seller is thereafter responsible for collection of any unsold goods immediately after this period and Lots will be released after any charges due have been paid in full. Lots not removed by 4.30pm on the seventh working day after the due date will be moved to storage at a transfer cost of £20 plus VAT per Lot and storage charges will thereafter be applied at the rate of £1.90 plus VAT per Lot per day until collected; no Lots may be removed until any storage or other amounts due to TimeLine have been paid in full. In the event that the accrual of storage charges reaches 50% of the Reserve Price or after the expiration of three months from the transfer date, whichever occurs first, Timeline reserve the right to re-sell any and all Lots stored without notice and in any manner at their sole discretion and to apply any proceeds in defrayment of such costs. The Seller will be entitled to receive any credit balance above the amount of the costs on request but will remain liable for any deficit. 16. Payment to Sellers: the Net Proceeds of the Auction will become due and payable to the Seller 30 days following the Date of Sale provided that TimeLine have received cleared payment of the Purchase Price in full from the Buyer. 17. Use of your personal information: TimeLine will only use the Seller’s personal information as set out in their privacy policy. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. Where Timeline processes any personal data, Timeline will comply with the requirements and obligations under the Data Protection Legislation. 18.

Anti-Money Laundering: TimeLine’s

Anti-Money Laundering Policy sets out TimeLine’s policy for ensuring compliance with anti-money laundering legislation that applies to some of TimeLine’s activities. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. 19. Sale of Goods Act: The terms implied by sections 13 to 15 of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 are, to the fullest extent permitted by law, excluded. 20. Severance: If any provision or partprovision of these terms and conditions is or becomes invalid, illegal or unenforceable, it shall be deemed modified to the minimum extent necessary to make it valid, legal and enforceable. If such modification is not possible, the relevant provision or partprovision shall be deemed deleted. Any modification to or deletion of a provision or part-provision under this clause shall not affect the validity and enforceability of the rest of the terms and conditions. 21. Amendments: TimeLine may amend these Terms and Conditions from time to time. Please check our website for our latest terms and conditions. 22. No waiver: No failure or delay by TimeLine to exercise any right or remedy provided under the these Terms and Conditions or by law shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor shall it prevent or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy. 23. Third-Party rights: These Terms & Conditions are between Timeline and a Seller. No other person shall have any rights to enforce any of these terms. 24. Governing Law: these terms and conditions and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with them or their subject matter or formation (including noncontractual disputes or claims) shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the law of England and Wales. 25. Jurisdiction: each party irrevocably agrees that the courts of England and Wales shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these terms and conditions or its subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims).