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ANTIQUITIES & ANCIENT ART 24 November 2020


November 2020 Catalogue Auction Welcome to our November ancient art, antiquities and coin auction. In late September we hosted our usual extensive vetting meeting, at which items were examined by a committee of specialists, and the sale was lotted shortly afterwards. During these challenging times, our lots continue to represent a great investment and security for our customers. In this sale you will find objects from many notable private collections, including substantial parts of: The Scammell collection of Roman and other artefacts The Signo collection of cylinder seals The Empire collection of rare Sassanian and other stamp seals The sale also features many extraordinary British finds including: King Edward I Seal Matrix for the City of York, lot 524, guided £6,000-£8,000 King James I's Personal Hawking Ring, lot 553, guided £4,000-£6,000 'The Bradwell' Anglo-Saxon Chess Piece, lot 492, guided £6,000-£8,000 'The Wisbech' Medieval Love Ring with Sapphire, lot 530, guided £6,000-£8,000 'The Ashwellthorpe' Celtic Staff Terminal, lot 490, guided £1,200-£1,700 'The Palgrave' Roman Gold Ring with Gemstone, lot 115, guided £800-£1,000 'The Shalford' Bronze Age Goldsmith's Anvil, lot 486, guided £800-£1,000 'The Nethergate' Anglo-Saxon Gilded Masked Mount, lot 494, guided £600-800 'The Greywell' Romanesque Seated Lion Statuette, lot 527, guided £1,000-£1,400 'The Fleet' Medieval Gold Ring with Holy Trinity, lot 531, guided £2,000-£3,000 One of the most eclectic objects available within these pages is lot 307, a Han Military Watchtower Model with Moat which was made to accompany the deceased in the afterlife. This fascinating object, finely modelled with military figures and animals, was previously the centrepiece of the celebrated collection of art formed by the famous anthropologist, artist and television presenter Desmond Morris. We are also pleased to introduce a brand new, high tech feature to our online platform. Many lots will be accompanied by ‘3D Models’, allowing you to twist, turn and magnify the object, as if you were holding it before you. To trial this new feature, the following lots have been scheduled for 3D imaging: 1, 23, 24, 25, 38, 67, 68, 69, 71, 72, 159, 243, 249, 270, 282, 284, 382, 433, 434, 435, 437, 438, 439, 450, 468, 492, 493, 594. I welcome any feedback from customers regarding this new online feature and hope it can allow you to examine our lots in greater detail online. I would also like to take this opportunity to extend my warmest greetings for the approaching holiday period, and wish you all a bright outlook for 2021.

Yours sincerely, Brett Hammond (CEO)


ANCIENT ART & ANTIQUITIES

The Court House 363 Main Road Harwich CO12 4DN

24 November 2020 25-28 November 2020

Heads of Departments Antiquities: Brett Hammond Coins: Christopher Wren

Enquiries TimeLine Auctions Limited 23-24 Berkeley Square London W1J 6HE, UK Tel: +44 (0)20 7129 1494 Head Office TimeLine Auctions Limited The Court House 363 Main Road Harwich, Essex CO12 4DN, UK Website www.timelineauctions.com Auction Tuesday 24 November 10am Wednesday 25 November 10am Thursday 26 November 10am Friday 27 November 10am Saturday 28 November 10am

(Day 1) (Day 2) (Day 3) (Day 4) (Day 5)

Bids +44 (0)1277 815121 +44 (0)1277 814122 fax bids@timelineauctions.com

Consultants Dr Ronald Bonewitz (Antiquities & Geological) Dr Manuel Ceccarelli (Western Asiatic Antiquities) Dr Raffaele D'Amato (Roman & Military Antiquities) Dr Brian Gilmour (Arms & Armour & General Antiquities) Dr Ittai Gradel (Classical & General Antiquities) Dr Malcolm Jones (Medieval & Later Antiquities) Dr Laura Proffitt (Classical & General Antiquities) Peter Clayton, FCILIP, Dip, Arch, FSA, FRNS (Egyptian) Richard Falkiner, FSA (Jewellery & General Antiquities) Michael Howgate, B.Sc. M.Sc. PGCE FLS (Natural History) Peter Bufton (Far Eastern, Islamic & Ethnographic) David Miller (Coins & General Antiquities) Stephen Pollington (Anglo-Saxon & Viking Antiquities) Thomas Sturm (Cylinder Seals) Richard Roy (Ancient Americas) Michaela Simonova, MA (Mesoamerica, Viking & Religious) Amin Rezai (Western Asiatic & Islamic Antiquities) Mehdy Shaddel (Western Asiatic & Islamic Antiquities) Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A (Jewellery, Gemstones & Icons) Heather L. Berry, MA FRNS (General Antiquities & Coins) Robert Chandler (Paleontology) Stefany Tomalin (Beads & Associated Jewellery) Dane Kurth (Greek & Roman Coins & Antiquities) Italo Vecchi (Coins & General Antiquities)

Please note that absentee bids can be submitted on our system until 8am on each sale date, unless submitted by e-mail or in person

For further information and biographies see: www.timelineauctions.com

Bidding by telephone can only be arranged for any lot with a lower estimate in excess of £250, and by prior arrangement

Auctioneers Edward Rising Lindsey Gundersen

Sale Number: 182 Catalogue: £30

Press Desk Tanja Maijala

Please see back of the catalogue for Terms & Conditions Illustrations Front cover: Lot 270 Back cover: Lot 492 We provide service in 7 languages. Auction Security: Secura HQ Ltd.

TimeLine Auctions Limited Registered No. 6873501 VAT Registered No. 979 3197 56 Registered Office: 40 Kilmarnock Drive Luton, LU2 7YP

Tim Wonnacott David Palmer

Rob Oulton Edward Watson

Photography Michael Healy Ethan Payne

Video Production Miah Noto

Catalogue Production & Layout Damir & Davor Radic - DRs d.o.o. Chief Operating Officer: Aaron Hammond Head of Administration: Tanja Maijala Customer Accounts Manager: Elizabeth Gray Admin Assistants: Law Yuen Ying, Vedran Saraden Auction Administration: Naomi Rowe, Megan Hammond

All lots with an upper estimate value of £1,000 and above, and all Western Asiatic lots are searched against the Art Loss Register database


Sale schedule

The Court House, Harwich Antiquities - Tuesday 24 November 2020 (Day 1) 10:00 - Egyptian Antiquities (Lots 1 - 37) - Greek Antiquities (Lots 38 - 66) - Roman Antiquities (Lots 67 - 144) - Byzantine Antiquities (Lots 145 - 158) - Western Asiatic Antiquities (Lots 159 - 306) - Chinese & Far Eastern Antiquities (Lots 307 - 358) - India & Region Antiquities (Lots 359 - 402) - Islamic Antiquities (Lots 403 - 432) - Arms & Armour (Lots 433 - 481) - Stone, Bronze & Iron Age Antiquities (Lots 482 - 491) - Saxon, Viking & Germanic Antiquities (Lots 492 - 517) - Medieval & Post Medieval Antiquities (Lots 518 - 569) - Ethnographic & Natural History (Lots 570 - 600) Antiquities - Wednesday 25 November 2020 (Day 2) 10.00 - Egyptian Antiquities (Lots 601 - 662) - Greek Antiquities (Lots 663 - 737) - Roman Antiquities (Lots 738 - 900) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Roman Antiquities (Lots 901 - 1184) Antiquities - Thursday 26 November 2020 (Day 3) 10.00 - Roman & Byzantine Antiquities (Lots 1185 - 1241) - Western Asiatic Antiquities (Lots 1242 - 1485) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Western Asiatic Antiquities (Lots 1486 - 1588) - Chinese & Far Eastern Antiquities (Lots 1589 - 1711) - India & Region Antiquities (Lots 1712 - 1764) Antiquities - Friday 27 November 2020 (Day 4) 10.00 - India & Region Antiquities (Lots 1765 - 1785) - Islamic Antiquities (Lots 1786 - 1871) - Arms & Armour (Lots 1872 - 1966) - Stone Age Antiquities (Lots 1967 - 1978) - Bronze Age Antiquities (Lots 1979 - 2012) - Iron Age Antiquities (Lots 2013 - 2028) - Saxon, Viking & Germanic Antiquities (Lots 2029 - 2065) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Saxon, Viking & Germanic Antiquities (Lots 2066 - 2099) - Medieval Antiquities (Lots 2100 - 2172) - Post Medieval Antiquities (Lots 2173 - 2323) - Christian Antiquities (Lots 2324 - 2335) - Ethnographic (Lots 2336 - 2360) Natural History & Coins - Saturday 28 November 2020 10.00 - Natural History (Lots 6000 - 6270) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Coins, Notes & Medals (Lots 8000 - 8385)

TimeLine Auctions


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Explanation of Symbols z Lots illustrated on timelineauctions.com but not in this catalogue Lots accompanied by 360° view or additional video Red Title

Lots offered without a reserve

C

Subject to CITES regulations when exporting outside EU

VAT payable at 20% on hammer price and buyer's premium

Bidding This is a rostrum auction and there will be live internet bidding through www.timelineauctions.com, www.the-saleroom.com, www.invaluables.com and www.liveauctioneers.com. The buyer’s premium is 27% inclusive (live internet bidding is free on timelineauctions.com, additional 5% +VAT is charged on other sites). TimeLine Auctions is not responsible for any missed lots or bids due to network speed or down-time. Bidders are reminded that our website carries high-resolution enlargeable colour images of all of the items illustrated in this catalogue, together with items not illustrated in print. An Absentee Bidding Form can be mailed or emailed, to reach us by no later than 9pm the day before the sale. Alternatively, please register on our website and record your auto bids free of charge via your online account: www.timelineauctions.com. Please do not consider your absentee bid form to have been successfully logged unless you have received an acknowledgement from us. Collection and Storage Lots will be available to collect from our Harwich premises by prior arrangement only from 30 November 2020. Storage charges may apply from 4 December 2020 for unpaid items, free vaulted storage service is available for all items upon receipt of full payment. Notice to Buyers Some lots will require export licences in order to leave the UK, please contact us for advice if required. We try to provide information regarding general condition, restorations, repairs and damage for each lot but this is necessarily subjective. The absence of specific information does not imply that the lot is free from defects or that it is in good condition. Bidders should satisfy themselves in all respects by personal inspection before bidding. Estimate ranges are provided for general information only and are given in Pounds Sterling (£). For antiquities, approximate equivalents in Euros (EUR) and US Dollars (USD). Hammer prices may fall outside the ranges indicated. All bids and payments must be made in Pounds Sterling (£). Please be aware that items containing restricted animal-derived material such as coral or ivory will need a specialist CITES export license to leave the UK.

TimeLine Auctions are proud to be members of the Art Loss Register. The Art Loss Register (ALR) is the world’s largest private database of lost and stolen art, antiques and collectibles. All lots with an upper estimate value of £1,000 and above, and ALL Western Asiatic lots, are searched against the Art Loss Register database. This is to ensure that no items that have been reported to the ALR as stolen are offered for sale. The ALR database consists of registrations from law enforcement agencies, insurance companies, the trade and theft victims internationally.


Contents

TimeLine Auctions

Connecting Collectors with Ancient Art

Since its founding, TimeLine has connected thousands of collectors with ancient art, introducing new enthusiasts to the joy of collecting and providing a platform for established collectors to develop and expand their collections. Through our beautiful catalogues, website, viewing days and rostrum auctions in central London, we invite you to learn about, enjoy and own antiquities from across the ancient world. Our auctions bring together unique pieces from ancient civilisations ranging from Ancient Egypt, Early Medieval Europe and the classical Mediterranean to the ancient cultures of India and Southeast Asia, China and the pre-Columbian Americas. TimeLine has developed an unmatched network of collectors, dealers, agents and experts to offer you some of the largest collections of ancient art. Each lot in our auction has been expertly researched, catalogued and professionally photographed, supported by TimeLine’s customer satisfaction guarantee. In this process we are proud to draw on the expertise of our consultants and specialists, respected and recognised experts in their fields, to provide our customers with the highest level of service and trust. For collectors, working with TimeLine is a mutual relationship that grows with every acquisition. Our experienced and passionate staff are committed to bringing ancient art closer to each and every client, regardless of experience and budget, providing them with the opportunity to acquire ancient art with confidence. TimeLine Auctions also provides a comprehensive and confidential selling and valuation service.

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24 November 2020

Ancient Art & Antiquities

Egyptian Also see lots 601 - 662

Lots 1 - 37


1

1

EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE HEAD OF A PRIEST Roman Period, 30 BC-323 AD A carved limestone head of a priest with shaven head, finely modelled facial features, lined forehead; mounted on a custom-made stand. 1.8 kg total, 20cm including stand (8"). Fine condition. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,220 - 18,720 USD 15,570 - 22,050 Provenance From an important London collection; acquired from J.J. Klejman of Madison Avenue, New York, USA, in the 1960s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10115-167434. Literature Cf. Andrews, C. and van Dijk, J.(eds), Objects for Eternity, Egyptian Antiquities from the W. Arnold Meijer Collection, Mainz, 2006, no.3.55, for a similar priestly head. Footnotes The heads of priests in Egypt were customarily shaven for reasons of ritual purity.

2

EGYPTIAN ALABASTER STATUE WITH HIEROGLYPHS New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A carved limestone female figure with heavy bag wig and tight-fitting robe, panel to the reverse with incised hieroglyphs in two columns, a dedicatory offering text including her name indicated by the seated female determinative hieroglyph at the base of the broken inscription; mounted on a custom-made stand. 352 grams total, 17cm including stand (6¾"). Fair condition; several old repairs. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 2

6

Provenance From the van der Molen collection deceased estate, The Netherlands.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


3

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5

3

EGYPTIAN HIEROGLYPHIC FRAGMENT New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A limestone fragment, to the left a bearded bald-headed man with red pigment to the hair and beard; to the right two groups of partial hieroglyphic inscription including nfr (reed sign), some with blue pigment. 197 grams, 80mm (3"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; previously acquired from Hotel Drouot, Paris, France, 12 July 2005, lot 13; formerly in the collection of Hekmat and Madeleine Nassif, formed between 1933-1987; accompanied by a copy of the Drouot 2005 invoice.

4

EGYPTIAN PHARAOH PLAQUE AND VASE GROUP Early Dynastic Period, 3rd millennium BC and later A striated alabaster conical vessel with rounded shoulder and carinated neck, flared rim; offered with a later schist(?) rectangular

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

plaque fragment with frame, profile low-relief bust of a pharaoh with false beard, possibly a trial piece. 374 grams total, 8.3-12.5cm (3¼ 5"). Fine condition. [2] £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance Property of a German collector; formerly bought by Dr. Gerhard H. Martin in Luxor, in 1963 from Albert Tawdros, stock numbers 1608 and 463; accompanied by a business card from Dr. Martin, the original stamped and signed receipt dated 18 December 1963, and the original German export licence.

5

EGYPTIAN STRIATED ALABASTER BOWL New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A flat-lipped alabaster bowl with rounded underside. 6.8 kg, 45.5cm (18"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance From the Sidhu family collection; previously the property of the current owner’s late grandfather, Mr Havildar Sundar Singh Sidhu, who migrated from India to Kenya to become chief scoutmaster for Kenya in the 1950s, and later emigrated to London bringing with him his substantial collection, in the 1960s.

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VERY LARGE EGYPTIAN STRIATED ALABASTER VASE Early Dynastic Period, 3150-2686 BC A tall biconvex alabaster jar with flared mouth. 6.7 kg, 40cm (15¾"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance From the Sidhu family collection; previously the property of the current owner’s late grandfather, Mr Havildar Sundar Singh Sidhu, who migrated from India to Kenya to become chief scoutmaster for Kenya in the 1950s, and later emigrated to London bringing with him his substantial collection, in the 1960s.

7

EGYPTIAN BRONZE STATUETTE GROUP Late Period, 664-332 BC An old diorama formed with two bronze figures, Osiris wearing the tall plumed Atef crown with uraeus, standing with arms crossed holding sceptres; Isis seated, suckling the infant Horus on her lap; mounted on a tiered modern wooden stand with faux-hieroglyphs, marked to the reverse ‘Bronze cult figures of Osiris, Isis and Horus, Saite Period, circa 700-550 B.C.’ and to the underside ‘The Osiris was found beside the sacred lake at the temple at Karnak, Dec 1916’. 114 grams total, 10.5cm including stand (4"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 1960-2000. Footnotes Antony John Scammell (1937-2019) was born, and lived his entire life, in the city of Bristol, England. Already from an early age he was enthralled by history and the heroes that it created. While serving overseas with the British Army, Antony began collecting coins and banknotes and this led to collecting a variety of different items throughout his life. From the early 1960s onward, Antony invested in acquiring ancient artefacts. Antony’s vast collections started with Egyptian antiquities, but soon branched into Greek and Roman civilisations. The Roman civilisation fascinated him most and, when family commitments allowed, archaeological digs were coordinated in the west of England. These digs uncovered numerous artefacts, many of which were donated to local museums. In retirement, the collecting continued apace, branching into UK coins, British Empire banknotes and fossils.

8

EGYPTIAN BRONZE AND GLASS MUMMY EYES Ptolemaic Period, 332-30 BC A group of two eye inlays from a mummy case, each formed as a white glass panel with raised black glass pupil fitted into a bronze frame with separate bronze eyebrow bar; mounted on a custom-made stand. 176 grams total, 15cm including stand (6"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210 Provenance Acquired from Lennox Gallery Ltd, London, UK, in January 2001. Literature See Andrews, C., Amulets of Ancient Egypt, London, 1994, p.69, for discussion.

8

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


9

10 9

EGYPTIAN MUMMY EYE INSERTS Ptolemaic Period, 332-30 BC A group of two eye inlays from a mummy case, each formed as a white glass panel with painted black pupil fitted into a metal frame with lateral extension; separate eyebrow bar; mounted on a custom-made stand. 248 grams total, 20cm including stand (8"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman, his collection assembled 1965-2018.

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EGYPTIAN LARGE BLACK-TOPPED STORAGE VESSEL Predynastic Period, Naqada I-II, 4th-3rd millennium BC A large unglazed black-topped storage vase of ovoid form tapering to a flattened base. 3.2 kg, 33cm (13"). Fine condition, repaired. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in an old Dutch collection formed in the 1980s.

Literature See Andrews, C., Amulets of Ancient Egypt, London, 1994, p.69, for discussion.

10

EGYPTIAN SITULA WITH GODS Ptolemaic Period, 332-30 BC A bronze vessel with tapering body, conical underside, remains of two loops to the rim; band of reserved decoration to the neck including reed boats above a frieze of gods with Min facing a papyrus stalk, behind him standing figures of the goddesses Isis and Hathor with another standing figure; lotus flower detailing to the base. 80 grams, 76mm (3"). Fine condition, lugs absent. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a Middlesex collection; formerly in a 19th century French collection.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

9


12

EGYPTIAN SEAL WITH HIEROGLYPHS New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A rectangular ceramic stamp seal with pierced handle, intaglio ‘cartouche’ with crouching jackal, pair of ostrich feathers above; old collector’s label giving provenance as ‘Der el Medina, 18. Dyn’. 88 grams, 97mm (3¾"). Fine condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the van der Molen collection, deceased estate, The Netherlands.

12 Footnotes Der el Medina is the workmen’s village on the west bank at Thebes, who built the Royal tombs.

13

EGYPTIAN NAQADA RAM AMULET Predynastic Period, 4th-3rd millennium BC A ceramic ram amulet comprising a short stem and domed discoid body, two shallow indents to the underside. 40 grams, 56mm (2¼"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; previously acquired from Hotel Drouot, Paris, France, 22 January 2001, lot 77; formerly in an old private collection; accompanied by a copy of the Drouot 2001 invoice.

14

EGYPTIAN NUBIAN HIPPOPOTAMUS FIGURE

13

2nd-1st millennium BC A pottery statue of standing hippopotamus, prominent snout, raised eyes with brows highlighted in black paint, head painted red with black border around base of neck, ears absent; series of triangular motifs decorate the animal’s back and flanks. 501 grams, 14.8cm (5¾"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; acquired in 2009; formerly in a private British collection, acquired in the 1980s. Footnotes During this period and culture, a hippopotamus was a symbol of fertility and new life. Hippopotamus statuettes were often deposited as grave goods.

15

EGYPTIAN BLUE GLAZED HIPPOPOTAMUS FIGURE Middle Kingdom, 2133-1797 BC A blue composition advancing hippopotamus; open-mouthed; series of skin folds at neck; anatomical features including eyes, ears, muzzle, cheeks, toes and teeth picked out in black, or manganese oxide, as are the line drawings of Nilotic flora and fauna covering its body, including a lotus flower and stem which follows the line of the animal’s tail and the line of its nose; cluster of spots above forelegs. 282 grams, 15cm (6"). Fine condition, some damage and possible restoration of muzzle. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110

14

Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; acquired on the French art market; formerly in the collection of Mohammad Al Azam, acquired 1930. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Edward S. Harkness, 1917 (17.9.1), for the famous William the Hippo, mascot of The Met, a comparable example; cf. Christie’s, A Peaceable Kingdom, The Leo Mildenberg Collection of Ancient Animals, London, 26th-27th October 2004, pp. 102-105, for a comparable example. Footnotes As with comparable examples of its type, this hippopotamus may originally have been placed in a tomb as part of an Egyptian burial ritual believed to magically guarantee the rebirth of the deceased.

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10

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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18

EGYPTIAN BLUE MOUSE VESSEL

'THE SCHIMMEL' EGYPTIAN SERPENTINE PIRIFORM JAR

Late Period, 664-332 BC

Late Predynastic Period, 3500-3200 BC

A blue glazed composition aryballos formed as a mouse with pricked ears, long snout, pouring neck and loop handle above. 81 grams, 75mm (3"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890

A carved serpentine piriform jar with tapering base, flange lip, two lateral pierced lug handles. 672 grams, 93mm (3½"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780

Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family’s collection; acquired in the 1970s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10116-167666. Literature See Dunn Friedman, F., Gifts of the Nile. Ancient Egyptian Faience, London, 1998, for discussion.

Provenance From the Norbert Schimmel (1905-1990) collection, New York, USA; previously with Sotheby’s, New York, 29 November 1989, lot 144; accompanied by a copy of Art Loss Register certificate number S00141927; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10118-167532. Literature See Sotheby’s, New York, 7 June 2007, lot 4; and Bonhams, London, 5 July 2018, lot 185 [£7,500.00].

17

EGYPTIAN BLUE BOTTLE New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A blue glazed composition vessel with narrow tubular neck, flared mouth, loop handle. 81.6 grams, 74mm (3"). Fine condition, small crack on body and natural weathering to surface. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780 Provenance In a private family collection since at least 1984; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10117-167565. Literature See Dunn Friedman, F., Gifts of the Nile. Ancient Egyptian Faience, London, 1998, for discussion.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

11


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EGYPTIAN SCHEMATIC WARSHIP MODEL Ptolemaic Period, 1st century BC A carved slate schematic warship model with representation of four internal shields and hawk’s-head prow and stern. 105 grams, 16cm (6¼"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family’s collection; acquired in the 1970s.

20

EGYPTIAN CHALCEDONY SCARAB 20

New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A large chalcedony scarab with hatched detailing to the edges, loop to the underside. 19.1 grams, 36mm (1½"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family’s collection; acquired in the 1970s.

21

PHOENICIAN SCARAB WITH FIGURES 6th-4th century BC A carnelian scarab with intaglio scene to the underside, a standing male and female, probably Hathor with horned sun disc, suspending an ankh sign between them, radiating sun above. 6.5 grams, 22mm (1"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300

21

Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family’s collection; acquired in the 1970s.

22

PHOENICIAN SCARABOID WITH BES 6th-4th century BC A lapis lazuli scaraboid, the underside carved with a facing figure of Bes with feathered headdress, standing between serpents; pierced with remains of bronze suspension ring. 4.2 grams, 19mm (¾"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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12

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN BRONZE ENTHRONED WADJET Saite Period, 664-525 BC A bronze lioness-headed figure of Wadjet seated on a square-section throne, wearing tripartite wig surmounted by Atef crown consisting of ostrich feathers, horned sun disk and fronted by rearing uraeus; her clenched hands resting on the knees with ankle-length kilt, feet on a square footrest, throne with lateral panels of low-relief scale pattern with incised hieroglyphs representing the Union of the Two Lands; mounted on a custom-made wooden stand. 2 kg total, 33cm including stand (13"). Very fine condition. £30,000 - 40,000 EUR 33,040 - 44,050 USD 38,910 - 51,890 Provenance Ex V.G.F. collection, Shelby Township, Michigan; acquired from Royal-Athena Galleries, New York, USA, in 1986; previously with Christie’s, London, 13 July 1983, lot 468; formerly in a European private collection, prior to 1983; on loan

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

to Ohio State University, Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University, and Fitchbury Art Museum, between 1986-2015; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10119-167436. Literature Cf. similar figure in the British Museum (accession number 1992,1110.1) with less elaborate headdress than here. Footnotes Wadjet ‘the green one’ was known to the Greeks as ‘Uto’. She was originally the tutelary goddess of the city of Dep which eventually became part of the conurbation called Per-Wadjet (House of Wadjet). Wadjet was considered the matron and protector of Lower Egypt, and later the joint protector and patron of all Egypt.

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EGYPTIAN ATTACKING HORUS WITH INSCRIPTION 26th Dynasty, 664-525 BC A bronze figure of striding Horus, right arm raised with hand clenched and hollow to accept a spear, left arm bent with fist clenched; the god with hawk head, tripartite wig and Pschent (double crown) of Upper and Lower Egypt with frontal uraeus; rectangular base with hieroglyphic inscription: ‘May Horus, Lord of Heaven, Grant Life, Prosperity, Health, a long lifetime [and a good] old age’, with the mother’s name ‘[Nes]gereh’; mounted on a custom-made stand. 667 grams total, 22cm including stand (8½"). Very fine condition. £25,000 - 35,000 EUR 27,530 - 38,550 USD 32,430 - 45,400

14

Provenance Ex Soumekh collection, during the late 1990s and early 2000s; formerly in the private collection of Mr Christopher Laurent, Brussels, Belgium; acquired from a local dealer in 1963; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10120-167437. Literature Cf. similar upper body pose adopted by Horus of Pe figure in the British Museum, accession number 1880,0210.4, published in Andrews, C., Egyptian Treasures from the British Museum, London, 2000, p.70-71. Footnotes The posture represents Horus slaying the evil god Seth, represented as a hippopotamus and particularly seen in reliefs carved on the wall in the outer ambulatory in his principle temple of Ptolemaic date at Edfu.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


25

EGYPTIAN BRONZE SEKHMET STATUETTE 25th-31st Dynasty, 715-332 BC A bronze figure of striding lioness-headed Sekhmet, wearing an elaborate Atef crown with ostrich feathers and frontal uraeus, beneath which is the modelled forepart of a lion on either side, wearing a short pleated belted kilt; mounted on a custom-made stand. 813 grams total, 25cm including stand (10"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,510 - 7,710 USD 6,490 - 9,080 Provenance Property of a gentleman living in central London; ex Pierre, Claude and Jeanine Verité collection, formed 1930-1980; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10121-167438. Literature Cf. Ancient Art in the Virginia Museum, Richmond, 1973, item 61.

26

EGYPTIAN BRONZE HORUS HAWK Late Period, 664-332 BC A bronze statuette of the god Horus as a standing hawk; mounted on a custom-made stand. 210 grams total, 68mm including stand (2¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

25

Provenance Property of a London gallery; acquired on the London art market circa 2000; previously in a UK collection since the 1970s. Footnotes Horus' name, Har in Egyptian, is probably to be interpreted as 'the high' or 'the far off', and relates to the falcon hovering up in the sky in search of its prey. Evidence for Horus in complete hawk form is on monuments from the late Predynastic period, such as the palette showing a number of sacred creatures attacking the walls of fortified towns. He continues to appear in total falcon form throughout Egyptian civilisation. Horus is the symbol of divine kingship and the Pharaoh was believed to be the earthly manifestation of the god, bringing justice and order to the world. The god takes on many forms, such as Harpocrates, or Horus the Child; Harsomtus, Horus the Uniter, one of two deities who were believed to bring stability to the two kingdoms of Egypt under the rulership of the king; and Har-nedj-intef, Horus the Saviour of his Father, the avenging form of the god who overcomes his evil uncle Set and restores order to the cosmos. Horus also takes on the role of a sun god where he is known as Harakhti, the Horus of the Horizon.

27

EGYPTIAN GLAZED HIEROGLYPHIC SHABTI Late New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC

26

A blue-green glazed composition shabti; details including a tripartite wig, eyes, nose, mouth, folded arms and vertical column of hieroglyphic text, painted in black; the figure holds a flail(?) in each hand. 66 grams, 11.2cm (4½"). Very fine condition, chip to foot. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a Spanish collection; previously in an English collection, late 20th century.

28

EGYPTIAN PALE BLUE GLAZED HIEROGLYPHIC SHABTI FOR A PRIEST Late Period, 664-332 BC A glazed composition shabti with tripartite wig and false beard, handtools in the crossed hands and seed-bag to the shoulder, ten rows of hieroglyphs from The Book of the Dead on the body, plain dorsal pillar and base. 165 grams, 17cm (6¾"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 1960-2000.

27

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

28

15


29

EGYPTIAN WOODEN SHABTI New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A carved wooden shabti with tripartite wig, arms folded across the midriff; mounted on a stand. 136 grams total, 19cm including stand (7½"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; acquired on the European art market in the early 1980s.

30

EGYPTIAN WOODEN BOATMAN FIGURE Middle Kingdom, 2133-1797 BC A seated wooden boatman funerary figure with separate pivoting arms, possibly from a different boatman on the same boat; painted facial details and hair; mounted on a custom-made stand with old dealer’s ticket. 215 grams total, 14cm including stand (5½"). Fair condition, repaired. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance Property of a Florida, USA, gentleman; acquired from an old New Jersey collection; formerly with an old English collection in the 1970s.

31

EGYPTIAN GOLD FRAMED SCARAB RING Late New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC

29

30

A gold ring with round-section hoop and bifacial composition scaraboid bezel in gold frame; scarab design to one face, a cartouche flanked by uraei, wings to the centre, a throne with hieroglyph below. 10.98 grams, 36.60mm overall, 29.61x14.32mm internal diameter (approximate size British L½, USA 6, Europe 11.24, Japan 10) (1¼"). Fine condition, bezel no longer articulate. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210 Provenance From a very important London collection formed 1970-1999, the property of a deceased gentleman, by descent. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 34, for type.

32

EGYPTIAN GOLD RING WITH SCARAB CRYSTAL Late New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A gold ring with facetted and notched D-section hoop; rectangular bezel with a rock crystal plaque representing a scarab beetle, pierced longitudinally for suspension on the hoop and flanked by twisted gold wire coils. 4.68 grams, 27.68mm overall, 24.24mm internal diameter (approximate size British T, USA 9½, Europe 21.26, Japan 20) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170

31

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000s. Literature See Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, for comparable items and discussion.

33

EGYPTIAN MUMMY BEAD NECKLACE WITH DISC PENDANTS Late Period, 664-332 BC A restrung necklace of glazed composition spacer beads with blue glass oblate beads, five later sheet gold disc pendants; modern clasp. 19.35 grams, 42cm (16½"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman, his collection assembled 1965-2018.

32

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


33

34

35

36

37

34

36

EGYPTIAN BEAD NECKLACE WITH HEART AND LOTUS FLOWER AMULETS

EGYPTIAN I KINGDOMS (I SAMUEL) PAPYRI FRAGMENT 4th-12th century AD

Late New Kingdom to Late Period, 1550-332 BC A restrung necklace of oblate and globular glass seed beads, carnelian oblate spacer beads, carnelian amuletic pendants of ib (heart) alternating with lotus flowers. 20.9 grams, 47cm (18½"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590

A fragment of a bifacial papyrus document including part of the text of I Kingdoms (I Samuel) in Coptic and Arabic; mounted in a glazed frame. 247 grams total, 19.4 x 13 (7¾ x 5"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Christie's, 13 June 2012, lot 19 (part).

Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman, his collection assembled 1965-2018.

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35

6th-4th century BC

EGYPTIAN MUMMY BEAD NECKLACE WITH FLY AMULETS Late New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A restrung necklace of glazed composition annular beads with carnelian fly dangles; modern clasp. 12.7 grams, 45cm (17¾"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman, his collection assembled 1965-2018.

PHOENICIAN RING WITH HUNTING SCENE

A bronze finger ring with lentoid intaglio bezel, horseman with spear and bow. 3.62 grams, 24.53mm overall, 20.59mm internal diameter (approximate size British T½, USA 9¾, Europe 21.89, Japan 21) (1"). Fine condition. A large wearable size. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 31.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

17


Greek Also see lots 663 - 737 18

Lots 38 - 66


38

38

HELLENISTIC MARBLE HEAD OF A NYMPH 2nd century BC A slightly larger than life-size marble statue head of a nymph, nereid or goddess (Aura), the head is slightly turned towards the right and is supported by a robust neck; the facial features are delicate with dignified expression; the cheeks broad and solid, jaw and chin appear quite square but are softened by the presence of depressions around the mouth, heavy eyelids enclose narrow, elongated eyes; the curly hair combed backwards to a small bun, a laurel wreath resting on the curls; mounted on a custom-made stand. 7.3 kg, 31.5cm including stand (12½"). Fine condition. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,220 - 18,720 USD 15,570 - 22,050 Provenance Previously in the private collection of Leon Rodriguez-Ely (1924-1973), Marseille, France; acquired in the 1950’s; imported with French cultural passport number 163436; accompanied by a copy of Art Loss Register certificate number S00146517 and by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10122167567. Literature See Scrinari, V.S.M., Sculture Romane di Aquileia, Roma,1972; similar portraits can be found in Aquileia (Scrinari, 1972, cat. 135, p.48); Charbonneaux J., Martin R., Villard F., Hellenistic Art, 330-50 BC, London, 1973; Petrakos, B., National Museum, sculpture-bronze-vases, Athens, 1991; La Rocca, E., Parisi Presicce C., Lo Monaco A., I giorni di Roma l’eta’ della conquista, Milano, 2010; some similarities with the head of Muse from the Temple of Apollo Sosianus, Rome (La Rocca, Parisi Presicce, Lo Monaco, 2010, cat.I.21). Footnotes The beautiful portrait represents an idealised type, executed with great refinement on smooth and compact flat surfaces contrasting with strongly coloured and chiaroscuro elements. Style and taste are typical of Alexandrian Hellenism; the piece could be an export brought into the Roman world at the time of the conquest of the Mediterranean. The reference to the Alexandrian types helps to identify the represented subject as probably a muse or nereid, if not the Goddess Aura.

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39

40

41

39

40

GREEK GODDESS EOS VASE FRAGMENT

GREEK CUP WITH FIGURAL FRIEZE

540-530 BC

Late 3rd century BC

A ceramic Attic black-figure fragment from a Type B amphora, attributed to the circle of The Swing Painter (Schaukel-Maler) depicting a standing figure of Eos (the Dawn, Latin Aurora) with wings spread and face turned over the right shoulder, wearing a chiton with red detailing and a red band around the head, flanked by draped male figures of two standing ephebi. 262 grams, 21.5cm (8½"). Fine condition, repaired. £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170

A fine and rare shallow bowl (π  ) with low inturned rim, black glazing inside and outside; relief lines beneath the rim; a rosette to the bottom, surrounded by two low relief rings from which a calyx of narrow lotus petals and lanceolate leaves radiate, alternating with acanthus leaves with tips turned to right or to left; the frieze consists of a row of Erotes running to right, each holding a hunting spear with the left hand, while the right hand is protected by the cloak wrapped around the arm, alternating with wild animals, lions, leopards and wild dogs; over it a second frieze of ovules alternating with a couple of vertical lines. 175 grams, 11.3cm (4½"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040

Provenance Ex Rolf Blatter collection, Berne, Switzerland, before 1969. Literature Cf. Blatter, R., Neue Werke des Schaukel-Malers, AA 1969, 70, fig. 1; Böhr, E., Der Schaukelmaler (Mainz, 1982) 105, cat. no. U 10 (Umkreis des Schaukelmalers), 59 note 13, 73-74 note 532, pl. 155a; Bonhams, London, 7 July 2016, lot 17. Footnotes According to Greek mythology this goddess, personification of the Dawn, at the end of each night arrives from the east on a chariot pulled by two horses (Faetonte and Lampo). Homer describes her intent to open the gates of heaven for the sun to rise, dressed in a saffron-coloured robe embroidered or woven with flowers, with rosy fingers and golden arms. She is depicted in Greek ceramics as a beautiful woman, crowned with a tiara or diadem on the head and with large bird wings. Eos, during a walk in the city of Troy, glimpsed Tito, a young man of extraordinary beauty. One day she kidnapped him bringing him to Ethiopia. From their union were born two sons, Emation and Memnon, the latter, prince of Ethiopians, was killed by Achilles in the Trojan War. Since that day, every morning Eos inconsolably weeps for his own son and her tears form the dew.

Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired from Collector Antiquities, London, UK; from the collection of Dr Bron Lipkin; accompanied by the original certificate of authenticity from Dr Bron Lipkin. Literature See Baur P.V.C., ‘Megarian Bowls in the Rebecca Darlington Stoddard Collection of Greek and Italian Vases in Yale University’ in American Journal of Archaeology Volume 45 Issues 2, pp.229-248, Yale 1941, s. fig.1913/203 for type.

41

GREEK FEMALE FIGURE 5th-3rd century BC A ceramic figurine of a female standing with hands clasped to the chest, the hair piled and dressed, close-fitting garment with braided hem at the chest, wrists and ankles; mounted on a custom-made stand. 158 grams total, 16.5cm including stand (6½"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a private New York collection, acquired in 2010; formerly in a private North American collection, since the 1970s.

20

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


42

43

42

GREEK GOLD JEWELLERY SET 5th-4th century BC A substantial group of jewellery items including: a rectangular sheet gold repoussé plaque with a border of raised domes; two bifacial pendants or earrings taking the form of rosettes with penannular rings at the centre decorated with granulated beads, each with thirteen tearshaped arms with bituminous cores to the circumference, two small suspension loops to one 'petal' on each pendant; a large repoussé discoid pendant with punched dots and central boss encircled by eight panels, each displaying a smaller raised disc with central dome, two integral tubular suspension loops above; all held in a custommade presentation box. 1 kg total, 4.3-22.5cm (box: 29.5 x 26.5cm) (1¾ - 9 (11½ x 10½)"). Fine condition. [4] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously with Bonhams, London, 3 April 2014, lot 81; formerly in a private UK collection formed in the 1940s and 1950s; accompanied by a copy of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages, and an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.166558/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10123-166558. Literature See Williams, D. and Ogden, J., Greek Gold: Jewellery of the Classical World, New York, 1995, for comparable items and discussion.

43

GREEK GOLD MINIATURE VESSEL WITH LID 5th century BC A D-shaped sheet gold vessel with flared mouth, strap handles to the shoulders, suspension chain, separate lid with rosette ornament; mounted on a stand. 24.3 grams total, 47mm including stand (1¾"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

44

Provenance London art market since 1996; prior to that on the Japanese art market; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.167577/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10124-167577.

44

HELLENISTIC GOLD FILIGREE EARRINGS WITH WINGED FRUIT OFFERANT 4th-2nd century BC A matching pair of gold earrings, each comprising a shallow discoid plate with dangles below; discs elaborately decorated with beads to the circumference, concentric bands of filigree ropework, herringbone and swirls, eight beads enclosed by ropework, a central flower formed from central dome and tear-shaped ‘petals’; dangle formed as a bifacial statuette of a nude winged figure standing on a cuboid pedestal, possibly Eros, herringbone texture to the front and reverse of the wings, details to the face and buttocks, offering a platter of fruit; tapering round-section hook to reverse. 18.54 grams total, 53-54mm (2"). Very fine condition. [2] £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,610 - 8,810 USD 7,780 - 10,380 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000s; accompanied by a copy of a metal analysis report number F918849, dated 20 December October 2017, and an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.167407/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10125-167407. Literature See Williams, D. and Ogden, J., Greek Gold: Jewellery of the Classical World, New York, 1995, for very similar pieces and excellent discussion on the techniques used by filigree jewellery craftsmen.

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45

GREEK GOLD EARRINGS WITH BULL HEADS 3rd century BC A pair of gold earrings, varying in design, formed as loops with animal head terminals and tapering shanks designed to meet attachment loops beneath the animals’ chins; one featuring a twisted loop with decorative collar and bull’s head terminal, detailing to the eyes, short horns, ears and hair; a second earring with a twisted shank, decorative collar and bull’s head terminal displaying conical horns, curly hair at the head and raised eyes. 9.93 grams total, 28-30mm (1 - 1¼"). Fine condition. [2] £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300

45

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s. Literature See Despini, A., Greek Art. Ancient Gold Jewellery, Athens, 1996, p.114, for discussion and comparable examples. Similar samples have been recently acquired by the Princeton University Art Museum, Museum purchase, accession number 2018-105 a-b, Classical Purchase Fund, in honour of Susan Love Lehre, Department Manager, Department of Art and Archaeology, 19982018. Footnotes Earrings of this general type were introduced at the end of the fourth century and became ubiquitous in the third century; they are found wherever Greeks of that era lived, travelled, or traded, from Spain to Afghanistan. Bull’s heads were a common design element, as were the heads of lynxes, antelopes, and women.

46

GREEK GOLD LION EARRING PAIR 46

5th-3rd century BC A matched pair of gold earrings, each a slender hoop with coil detailing, lion’s head finial with securing loop beneath the chin. 5.58 grams total, 17-18mm (¾"). Fine condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From a Mayfair collection, pre 2000. Literature See Marshall, F.H., Catalogue of the Jewellery, Greek, Etruscan and Roman, in the Department of Antiquities, British Museum, London, 1911.

47

GREEK GOLD EARRINGS WITH EROS 2nd-1st century BC A matched pair of gold earrings, each a hoop with applied rosette and facing figure of nude Eros wearing a sash modelled in the half-round. 4.72 grams total, 24-25mm (1"). Fine condition. [2] £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300

47

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; previously the property of a North London gentleman; before that in an important Mayfair, London, UK collection, acquired in the 1970s.

48

GREEK GOLD EROS EARRINGS 5th-3rd century BC A matched pair of gold earrings, each a slender hoop with applied figure of Eros standing nude with hands resting on the hips, granulated baldric running from the right shoulder across the body. 2.02 grams total, 20mm each (¾"). Fine condition. [2, No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From a Mayfair collection, pre 2000. Literature See Marshall, F.H., Catalogue of the Jewellery, Greek, Etruscan and Roman, in the Department of Antiquities, British Museum, London, 1911.

48

22

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


49

HELLENISTIC GOLD SWIVEL RING WITH HORSE GEMSTONE 2nd-1st century BC A gold finger ring with swivel bezel, inset carnelian cloison, intaglio grazing horse motif. 4.52 grams, 24.90mm overall, 20.17mm internal diameter (approximate size British T, USA 9½, Europe 21.26, Japan 20) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.167078/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10126-167078.

49

Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 54, for type.

50

GREEK GOLD RING WITH ROCK CRYSTAL PORTRAIT 3rd-1st century BC A large hollow gold ring with D-section hoop and circular bezel set with an oval-shaped rock crystal stone with incuse female bust facing right, hair dressed in a chignon. 5.72 grams, 27.94mm overall, 23.94x16.90mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q½, USA 8¼, Europe 18.12, Japan 17) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance From the London art market in the early 2000s; formerly from the collection of an English family, by descent, 1970s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.167754/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10127-167754.

50

Literature See Chadour, A.B., Rings: The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, Volume I, Leeds, 1994, Greek rings for comparable examples, many of which are Hellenistic.

51

GRAECO-PHOENICIAN GOLD RING WITH GRYPHON GEMSTONE 5th-3rd century BC A gold penannular ring with coiled filigree to the shoulders, swivel carnelian cabochon bezel with intaglio gryphon. 15.23 grams, 33.09mm overall, 18.20x19.62mm internal diameter (approximate size British N, USA 6½, Europe 13.72, Japan 13) (1¼"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family’s collection; acquired in the 1970s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.167653/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10128-167653.

51

Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 32, for type.

52

HELLENISTIC GOLD RING WITH SEA CREATURE GEMSTONE 2nd-1st century BC A gold ring with D-section hoop featuring band of raised decoration, supporting an ellipsoidal bezel set with a blue glass gemstone with intaglio sea creature. 3.25 grams, 22.16mm overall, 19.47mm internal diameter (approximate size British R, USA 8½, Europe 18¾, Japan 18) (¾"). Fine condition. A large wearable size. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Ex Shiraz Antiques, London, W1, in 1998.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

52

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53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

61 53

GREEK PROVINCIAL GOLD BEAD NECKLACE WITH FLOWER PENDANT 5th century BC A restrung necklace comprising a central gold pendant from Magna Graecia, discoid in shape with a ribbed suspension loop featuring a tiered floral flourish; the pendant consists of a series of granulated concentric borders and a central floral motif; strung with gold biconvex, drum-shaped, tubular, collared tubular and spherical with granulated collared beads. 50.1 grams, 57cm (22½"). Fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,610 - 8,810 USD 7,780 - 10,380

Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.164807/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10129-164807. Literature Cf. Marshall, F.H., Catalogue of Jewellery: Greek, Etruscan & Roman in the Departments of Antiquities, British Museum, London, 1969, item 1426, for type of gold disk; Despini A.D., Ancient Gold Jewellery, Athens,1996. nn, 117,125, for similar biconical and globular beads.

Provenance

24

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


54

57

HELLENISTIC GOLD AND LAPIS LAZULI BEAD NECKLACE WITH BEAST HEAD TERMINALS

PARTHIAN GOLD AND LAPIS LAZULI BEAD NECKLACE 3rd century BC-2nd century AD

3rd-1st century BC A necklace composed of gold and lapis lazuli spool-shaped beads, all with gold loops and links; each terminal formed as a stylised beasthead amphora comprising a garnet bead with sheet-gold foot and beast-head top, the animals’ horns forming the vessels’ handles; each beast head is executed in detail, with a cranial ridge, nose, whiskered muzzle, textured fur and wide circular eyes; one terminal holds the necklace hook in its jaws, the other its loop. 13.92 grams, 43.5cm (17¼"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.164809/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10130-164809. Literature Cf. Marshall, F.H., Catalogue of the Jewellery Greek, Etruscan and Roman in the Departments of Antiquities British Museum, London, 1911, for a near identical specimen, cat. no.1974, p.219, pl. XXXVI; Despini, A., Greek Art. Ancient Gold Jewellery, Athens, 1996, particularly p.142, for a comparable example of a gold necklace composed of spool-shaped beads; cf. Higgins, R.C., Greek and Roman Jewellery, London, 1961, plates 51 and 53, for very similar Hellenistic examples of such terminals dating between the 4th-1st centuries BC. Footnotes This kind of necklace begins to be used between the 4th and the 3rd century BC; specimens are known from Crete and the Greek Pontus. With the conquests of Alexander, the precious stones of the East, especially the Syrian garnet, come to be more freely used. This jewel is one of the many examples of the use of precious stones in Greek jewellery of late fourth and third centuries.

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PARTHIAN GOLD AND CARNELIAN BEAD NECKLACE 3rd century BC-2nd century AD A restrung necklace comprising biconvex gold and carnelian beads, terminating in collared and hatched concave bicone beads; the central pendant is a large ellipsoidal carnelian bead fitted with a domed golden cap at both ends, each decorated with two bands of granulated clusters between three beaded borders. 76.8 grams, 61cm (24"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.164810/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10131-164810.

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HELLENISTIC AMETHYST MELON BEAD NECKLACE 4th-2nd century BC A restrung necklace comprising fifty-three amethyst melon-shaped beads of graduated size and various colours and profiles, a later ‘pleated’ sheet-gold spacer bead between each. 29.18 grams, 50cm (19½"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820

A restrung necklace comprising biconvex lapis lazuli beads; spherical gold beads of different sizes, the larger ones with a double collar of granules; terminating at both ends in a series of gold collared beads. 42.1 grams, 61cm (24"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s.

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PARTHIAN GOLD AND LAPIS LAZULI BEAD NECKLACE 3rd century BC-2nd century AD A restrung necklace comprising biconvex lapis lazuli and gold beads with barrel-shaped agate terminal beads and metallic collared tubular spacers. 41.6 grams, 62cm (24¼"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s.

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GREEK GOLD AND CORAL NECKLACE WITH PHALLUS 5th-2nd century BC A restrung necklace with stone and coral beads of different shapes and colours, including discoid, drum, tubular and oblate; S-shaped fastener at one terminal, loop at the other; central pendant formed from gold sleeve with ribbed tubular suspension loop and applied swirls to the front face, a phallus carved from coral below, held by a pin to the reverse. 21.5 grams, 41cm (16"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly acquired before 1970.

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PARTHIAN GOLD AND AGATE BEAD NECKLACE Late 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace comprising gold biconvex beads, metallic collared tubular beads, agate biconical beads and a central smooth tabular agate disc with concentric rings. 54.9 grams, 60cm (23½"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s.

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HELLENISTIC AMETHYST MELON BEAD NECKLACE 4th-2nd century BC A restrung necklace comprising forty-six melon-shaped amethyst beads of graduated size with two later granulated gold spacer beads either side of the largest, central, amethyst; modern fastening. 81 grams, 50cm (19½"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210 Provenance From an important London collection, acquired in the 1990s; cat.1620.

Provenance Ex Artemission gallery; previously in the collection of Lady Dale, acquired in the 1960s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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GRAECO-ITALIAN SILVER FEMALE STATUETTE HOLDING BREASTS 6th century BC A silver statuette of a nude female with her hands on her breasts, the hair arranged in tresses around the brow and sides in orderly fashion, characteristic of the style known as Daedalic, which was particularly well attested in Crete, in parts of the Peloponnesos including Lakonia, as well as in southern Italy and Ionia; with remains of old label to the rear of the base: ‘ - IANT / CARTH. / 5/63’. 67 grams total, 11cm including stand (4¼"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; previously acquired from Drouot, Paris, France, 9 March 2004; formerly in an old private collection, since 1980; accompanied by the original French passport number 216703; and a copy of the Drouot 2004 invoice; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10132-164016. Literature See Richter, G.M.A., Korai, Archaic Greek Maidens, a study of the development of the Kore Type in Greek sculpture, Edinburgh, 1968, figs.1622, 60-62 & 309-312, for prototypes and similar examples.

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Footnotes The hair is indicative of the period, following the current fashion of the age. In the 7th century BC the hair of Korai (maidens) hung down at the back and sides in solid locks. In the 6th century BC these masses of hair were differentiated into tresses, kept sometimes in a mass at the back but separated both in front and on either side, or falling down straight on the back and sides; the fashion was amazingly uniform, lasting throughout later archaic times. It is possible that the long locks descending on either side of the face were artificial.

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GREEK ARCHAIC SATYR HEAD PROTOME 5th century BC A bronze protome of a satyr’s head with pointed chin and protruding tongue; mounted on a custom-made stand. 116 grams total, 73mm including stand (3"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From the private collection of Edward Lucie-Smith, an English writer, poet, art critic, curator and broadcaster; received by gift in the early 1990s from George Ortiz, a collector who assembled what is considered to be one of the ‘finest collections of antiquities in private hands’.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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PARTHIAN SILVER PIN COLLECTION 3rd century BC-2nd century AD A group of four silver dress pins comprising: one with triangular body with stem of the pin at the apex, rectangular panel above and Scurved securing loop; one similar with central rosette and herringbone borders; one similar with bands of pointillé panels and incised borders, voided rosette above a regardant stag on a hatched base; one similar with a fish ornamented with pointillé bands. 39 grams total, 10.3 -14.7cm (4 - 5¾"). Fine condition. [4] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910

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Provenance Property of a London collector; from her family’s private collection; formerly with a London gallery; acquired in the 1990s.

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GREEK APPLIQUE OF PAPPOSILENUS 5th-4th century BC A bronze appliqué of Papposilenus in the form of a facing mask, two ram horns over his abundant hair, long pointed ears, well curated beard, eyes and mouth open for fastening; probably an item of furniture for bronze and wooden doors. 72 grams total, 90mm including stand (3½"). Fair condition, repaired. £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170 Provenance Previously in a private German collection, between 2015-2016; formerly in the collection of S. K., since 1986. Literature See Hedreen, G., ‘Myths of Ritual in Athenian Vase-Paintings of Silens’, in: The Origins of Theater in Ancient Greece and Beyond: From Ritual to Drama, Cambridge University Press, 2007, p. 151; parallels with terracotta masks of Sylenus from Taranto, as displayed in Trieste, Museo Civico di Antichita’ (18731910). Footnotes ,.3-021, Sil;nós, or Seileno (in ancient Greek: ,.3-021, Seil;nós), is a character from Greek mythology and corresponds to the old rustic god of winemaking and drunkenness prior to Dionysus, of which is the main retainer. Papposilenus is a representation of Silenus that emphasises his old age, particularly as a stock character in satyr play or comedy.

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GREEK HORSE STATUETTE 7th-5th century BC An archaic bronze figure formed as a ‘leaping’ horse standing on a base pierced for attachment; the animal’s ears are pricked forwards, its mane and tail cropped and mouth open, with prominent ‘round’ hips; wearing a decorative harness at the chest. 70 grams, 56mm (2 ¼)". Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From a private London, UK, gallery; acquired in 2014; previously in a private German collection, since the 1980s. Literature Cf. National Sporting Library and Museum, Greek Statuette of a Horse, ca. 750-600 BCE, for an equine figure with comparable features.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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Roman & Byzantine Also see lots 738 - 1241 28

Lots 67 - 158 For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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ROMAN MARBLE HEAD OF A NYMPH Mid 2nd century AD A slightly larger than life-sized statue head of a nymph or goddess depicted with idealised youthful features, her hair dressed in a chignon to the rear, her oval face with almond-shaped eyes beneath gently-arching brows, slightly-parted lips and a rounded chin; mounted on a custom-made stand. 30.1 kg, 41cm (16¼"). Fine condition, restored. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,220 - 18,720 USD 15,570 - 22,050 Provenance Property of an English gentleman; formerly the property of a European gentleman; previously in a German private collection formed 1950-1970s; accompanied by an expertise written by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10133-136700.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Felletti Maj, B.M., Museo Nazionale Romano, I Ritratti, Roma, 1953; Bianchi Bandinelli, R., L’arte Romana nel centro del potere, dalle origini alla fine del II secolo d.C., Roma, 1969; Scrinari, V.S.M., Sculture Romane di Aquileia, Roma, 1972; Fittschen K., Zanker P., Le sculture del Museo Civico Archeologico di Bologna, La collezione Marsili, Comune di Bologna, Bologna, 1986; Agnoli, N., Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Palestrina, Le sculture, Roma, 2002; similar portrait can be seen in Aquileia Museum, although fragmentary (Scrinari, 1972, cat. 142, p.50); Havelock, C.M., The Aphrodite of Knidos and Her Successors, Michigan, 1995. Footnotes This sculpture, a Roman copy of a Greek original, shows the high quality of Hellenistic sculpture even in replica form. It appears to be a copy of a work by Skopas, and the well-defined carving as well as stylised bun hairstyle may date it to the Antonine period.

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ROMAN HEAD OF GODDESS OR NYMPH Early 2nd century AD A marble head of a nymph or goddess Diana or Juno, youthful and serene, with lips slightly parted, almond-shaped eyes, and wavy hair arranged in a centre parting and styled into a loose chignon at the nape of the neck, the head crowned with a diadem; mounted on an 18th century marble base. 23.3 kg, 38 cm including stand (15"). Fine condition. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,220 - 18,720 USD 15,570 - 22,050 Provenance From a UK collection since 2013; formerly in a European collection since the 1990s; previously in an Austrian private collection; accompanied by an expertise written by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10134-136701.

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Literature See Felletti Maj, B.M., Museo Nazionale Romano, I Ritratti, Roma, 1953; Bianchi Bandinelli, R., L’arte Romana nel centro del potere, dalle origini alla fine del II secolo d.C., Roma, 1969; Scrinari, V.S.M., Sculture Romane di Aquileia, Roma, 1972; Fittschen K., Zanker P., Le sculture del Museo Civico Archeologico di Bologna, La collezione Marsili, Comune di Bologna, Bologna, 1986; Agnoli, N., Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Palestrina, Le sculture, Roma, 2002; Vout, C., ‘Hadrian, Hellenism, and the Social History of Art’, in Arion: A Journal of Humanities and the Classics, Third Series, Vol. 18, No. 1, Spring-Summer 2010, pp. 55-78; similar portraits can be found in Aquileia (Scrinari, 1972, cat. 136-141, pp.48ff). Footnotes Juno was the chief goddess and female counterpart of Jupiter, closely resembling the Greek Hera. Alongside Jupiter and Minerva, she was a member of the Capitoline triad of deities, and was connected with all aspects of the life of women, particularly with married life. The sculpture, a Roman copy of a Greek original, preserves Praxitelean proportions and types, similar in the face setting and in the hairstyle to various examples from Rome. It is probably the work of a large city workshop, with elements rendered naturalistically.

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ROMAN JULIO-CLAUDIAN STATUE HEAD OF A BOY 1st century AD A marble head of a boy with neutral expression and thick eyelids, the hairstyle typical of the Julio-Claudian period; head with realistic hairstyle, with the hair divided into two strands branching off in the middle of the forehead; still with Hellenistic traits, it is however solidly Roman and compares with portraits of children of the Julio-Claudian age; mounted on a custom-made stand. 13.8 kg, 37.5cm including stand (14¾"). Fine condition. An impressive Julio-Claudian head. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,520 - 22,030 USD 19,460 - 25,940 Provenance Property of an English gentleman; formerly in the private collection of A L, acquired London 1996; accompanied by an archaeological expertise written by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10135-136709.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Felletti Maj, B.M., Museo Nazionale Romano, I Ritratti, Roma, 1953; Bianchi Bandinelli, R., L'arte Romana nel centro del potere, dalle origini alla fine del II secolo d.C., Roma, 1969; Scrinari, V.S.M., Sculture Romane di Aquileia, Roma, 1972; Fittschen K., Zanker P., Katalog der römischen Porträts in den Capitolinischen Museen und den anderen kommunalen Sammlungen der Stadt Rom. Bd. I. Kaiser- und Prinzenbildnisse, Mainz am Rhein, 1985; Brizzolara, A.M., Le sculture del Museo Civico Archeologico di Bologna, La collezione Marsili, Comune di Bologna, Bologna, 1986; Agnoli, N., Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Palestrina, Le sculture, Roma, 2002; Boschung, Gens Augusta, Untersuchungen zu Aufstellung, Wirkung und Bedeutung der Statuengruppen des julisch-claudischen Kaiserhauses, Mainz am Rhein, 2002; Gagarin, M., Fantham, E., The Oxford Enciclopedy of Ancient Greece and Romem volume I, Oxford, 2010; Kolega, M., 'Problems in Dating Portraits from the Julio- Claudian Period in Liburnia // XII MeWunarodni kolokvij o rimskoj provincijalnoj umjetnosti. Datiranje kamenih spomenika i kriteriji za odreWivanje kronologije, Pula, 23-28. V. 2011; Koncani UhaV I. (ur.) Pula, Arheološki muzej Istre, 2014, pp.87-94; similar portraits can be found in Aquileia (Scrinari, 1972, cat.222, p.74), Roma (Felletti Maj, 1953, no.137); other analogies can be found in the Capitolini Musei in Rome: a portrait of a young prince (Marcellus?) from Augustus’ period (Fittschen – Zanker, 1985, pp.19-21, no.19, pls.19, 21, 22); a head of a young man in Bologna (Brizzolara,1986, pp.112-113, no.54, pls.110-111), a portrait of Emperor Claudius (Boschung, 2002, p.26, no.29, pls.17,2; 18,4) and particularly of the young Nero (Boschung, 2002, pls.19, I, 3; 20,1) from the dynastic group in Veleia.

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ROMAN MONUMENT TO SENATOR APELLINARIUS AND KALLISTI 3rd century AD An extremely large and imposing funerary stela, divided into three distinct sections, surmounted by a triangular pediment within which is presented the head of a female with long braided hair; below this there is the first panel, a rectangular frame inscribed at the top with Greek inscription (translation by R. Falkiner): AND AS‌WE DISAGREE; followed inside the frame by the facing portraits of Apellinarius and Kallisti depicted as equals, side-by-side, Apellinarius with wavy hair incised in stylised curls and wearing his toga over a simple tunic with a wide, v-shaped collar, and Kallisti shown as a commanding middle-aged matrona with the veil indicating married status falling from her voluminous hairstyle and draped around her shoulders; to the far left of the frame, a hand, carved in shallow relief within a square border; it follows another Greek inscription: GODS OF THE UNDERWORLD UPON THE EARTH ROOTED; under it there is the second central panel representing, enclosed within bands of text, a conventional, stylised funerary scene in shallow relief, Apellinarius reclining on a high triclinium dining bed, wearing a heavily-draped toga supporting himself with his left hand, and holding a laurel wreath aloft in his right, Kallisti behind him in a similar pose with veil; to the far left a young man, dressed with a paenula, long trousers and closed calcei, holding a bird (dove?) in his right hand,

possibly the couple’s son, mourning his father and preparing to take his place as the male head of household; beneath the bed a small, highly stylised female slave wearing a peplos, her unveiled hair pulled into a bun at the nape of her neck, carrying a cup to the offering table; the following lower panel shows eight lines of Greek text, with a ninth incised on the frame below, keeping the following epigraphic cartridge, closed inside a tabula: KALLISTI OF BITHYS CONSTRUCTED THIS MONUMENT FOR HERSELF AND THE SENATOR APELLINARIUS SON OF APELLINARIUS THE GOOD/WORTHY SENATOR AND PRIEST OF THE GOD APOLLO WHO LIVED TWENTY YEARS OUT OF HIS OWN MEANS AND WHO EVERYONE SAW NOT CAUSED PUBLIC EXPENSE, AND IF ANYONE IS CAUGHT DOING SOMETHING AGAINST ‌.MAY HE BE BROUGHT TO JUSTICE AND FINED 5000 DENARII FOR IMPIETY, AND PAYABLE TO THE IMPERIAL TREASURE. 443 kg, 164 x 95cm including stand (64½ x 37½"). Very fine condition, some restoration. £60,000 - 80,000 EUR 66,080 - 88,110 USD 77,830 - 103,770

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in a private collection since the early 1970s; previously acquired on the London art market in 1970; accompanied by an Art Loss Register certiďŹ cate, and expertise of Dr. Laura ProfďŹ tt and Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has also been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certiďŹ cate number no.10136-136699.

Footnotes The funerary monument was commissioned by a woman named Callisti (meaning in Greek the most beautiful; !+33$( is the dative singular of the feminine superlative of %+321, beautiful, in Latin sources, the word is formosissima), in honour of her late husband, a Senator called Apellinaris, son of Apellinarius, the priest of Apollo. The unusually large size and intricate relief sculpture attests to the family high status as stalwarts of the provincial elite. The onomastic data recorded on these stelae show that the dead were mostly Romanized natives, like in the many stelae from Macedonia and Balkans (Proeva, 2017, p.155). The woman within the triangular pediment is probably Persephone, wife of Hades, and Queen of the Underworld, considering the dedication of the stela to the Gods of the Underworld. The disembodied hand on the left of the panel was almost certainly intended to have an apotropaic function, protecting the family from evil in this world and the next. This symbol can be traced as far back as ancient Mesopotamia and Near East, and retains its meaning to this day in the form of the hamsa and 'hand of Fatima' motifs popular in the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean. The bird in the hand of the young man could be a symbol of youth, vigour and attractiveness. However, we should not exclude another possibility, much more tragically realistic. The theme of a ďŹ gure holding a bird and especially a dove is most common in the grave 'stelae' of Macedonia and Balkans. It has been argued that it is an Ionian characteristic coming mostly from the Aegean islands. However, the presence of such a motif in a Cretan grave 'stele' still of the 7th century BC (Douitsi, 2017, ďŹ g.20) makes the matter more complicated as regards to the origin of the theme. The presence of the bird in ďŹ gure or multiďŹ gured scenes in grave monuments is usual in tombstones from Attica, Boeotia and Thessaly during the 5th century BC and it expands even further during the next century. Although scholars have given a chthonian essence in the presence of the bird, it is more probable that it signiďŹ ed the premature death of the deceased, and this topic continued in Roman Age. The early death of a person was a horrible event that attracted attention and had to be pictured in the eternal grave monuments of antiquity. The plain presence of the bird inside the hands of the young person means that the bird refers to this person’s death and to nothing more. We should not forget that the bird used to be part of a child’s set of toys, proof of which we have in the 'stele of Xanthos' (WoyschMeautis, 1982, pp.39-46). The female slave shown smaller than the offering table denotes the family's status and wealth, and the slave's lowly social status. Across the Roman Empire, following earlier Classical Greek conventions, it was considered a matter of prestige to display a slave on one’s funerary stela; the fact that the enslaved person was supposedly willing to mourn her master attested to the deceased’s generosity and clemency.

Literature See Woysch-MĂŠautis, D., La representation des animaux et des ĂŞtres fabuleux sur les monuments funĂŠraires grecs. De l’Êpoque archaĂŻque Ă la ďŹ n du IVe siècle av. J.-C, Cahiers d’ArchĂŠologie Romande, no.21, Lausanne, 1982; Jovanova, L., Sepulchral monuments from Scupi (Colonia Flavia Scupinorum), in Funerary sculpture of the western Illyricum and neighbouring regions of the Roman Empire (ed. Cambi N., Koch G.), (proceedings of the International Scholarly Conference held in Split, Sept. 2009), 709-745, Split, 2013; Douitsi A., Funeral monuments in Macedonia during the Archaic and Classical periods, Thessaloniki, 2017; Proeva, N. Non-Figural Motifs on the Roman Funerary Stelae from Upper Macedonia (Problems of Dating and Interpretation in        , vol. 7, Skopje, 2017, pp.147-158; this piece shows compositional similarities with the late second-century AD funerary relief of Neiki, wife of Onesimos, from the Roman province of Macedonia, displayed in the Archaeological Museum, of Thessaloniki.

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For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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ROMAN ASCLEPIUS GOD OF MEDICINE STATUETTE 1st-3rd century AD A bronze statuette of the Roman god of medicine, Asclepius or Aesculapius, modelled standing wearing a himation; his broad shoulders and torso are exposed and he holds one hand on his hip, while the other is held in a gripping position in front of his body; full, tightly-curled head of hair bound by a fillet, tightly curled beard; detail to openwork shoes and feet, clothing, torso and face, including on the reverse; mounted on a custom-made stand. 292 grams total, 15.5cm including stand (6"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10137-167408. Literature Cf. Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques de Haute Provence, Paris, 1965, item 451, for a very similar type; cf. Eisenberg, J., Art of the Ancient World, 2009, no. 45, for a very similar example dated to the 1st century AD; cf. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Statuette of Asklepios, accession no. 01.7484, dated circa 2nd century AD, for a similar example. Footnotes This figure would once have held a staff with a snake coiled around its length. The ancient Roman god of medicine, Asclepius, was identified with the Greek god Asklepios. The staff of Asclepius symbolises the sanitary arts, while the nature of the snake as a skin-shedding creature symbolised rebirth and fertility. Some scholars have hypothesised that, at one time, the symbol represented a worm coiled around a stick. Parasitic worms such as the ‘Guinea worm’, Dracunculus medinensis, were common in ancient times, and were extracted

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from under the skin by slowly rolling them around a stick. This sculpture is probably based upon the cult statue at Epidaurus, the centre for the worship of Asklepios. Born a mortal and later educated by the centaur Cheiron, Asklepios became so skilled in the art of medicine that he was said to be able to raise the dead. Zeus slew him with a thunderbolt for this very reason. Following his death, at the command of Apollo and the Moirai Fates, Asklepios was returned from Hades and apotheosized into a god. The pose and drapery largely conform to the Hellenistic types of fourth and third century BC marble sculptures erected in the sanctuaries to Asklepios. Small-scale statuettes such as this one were offered as votives of thanks or in the hope of cures at healing sanctuaries through the Hellenistic and Roman periods.

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ROMAN NUDE VENUS STATUETTE 1st century BC-2nd century AD A bronze figure of Venus (Greek Aphrodite) standing nude with right leg bent; the hair gathered in a chignon with strands extending to the shoulders and back, fine facial detailing with slightly protrusive annular eyes and small pert mouth; ribbed bracelet to the left upper arm; hand extended holding a pomegranate between thumb and forefingers; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 803 grams, 21cm including stand (8¼"). Very fine condition, right arm absent. £3,500 - 4,500 EUR 3,850 - 4,960 USD 4,540 - 5,840 Provenance From an important central London collection formed since the mid 1960s; thence by descent; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10138-164565. Literature Cf. Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques de Haute Provence, Paris, 1965, items 7576.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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ROMAN CHARIOT FITTING OF A DIONYSIAN SATYR 2nd-3rd century AD A bronze chariot fitting representing the bust of a Dionysian satyr or Dionysus himself with young face, long hair arranged in regular locks around the face, wearing a panther skin arranged like an exomis tunic leaving the left shoulder uncovered, positioned on a squared pedestal with platform for the application to the chariot’s sides or back; loop on the hollow back for the fastening to the wooden structure of the chariot. 616 grams total, 16cm including stand (6¼"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 1960-2000.

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Literature See Ratkovi, D., 'Wagon and Harness Bronzes from the Roman Collection of the National Museum in Belgrade' in Thiasos, Festschrift fur Erwin Pochmarski zum 65. Geburtstag, Wien, 2008, pp.793-815, s. pl.2,2, for similar item.

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ROMAN CHARIOT FITTING WITH BUST OF PAN 1st century BC-1st century AD A hollow-formed bronze finial, square in plan with flange rim and iron attachment pin; the upper face with high-relief bust of a satyr (Pan?) with incised lentoid eyes, tousled hair, goats’ ears and four short horns. 352 grams, 83mm (3¼"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From a private UK collection, acquired in 2010; formerly in a private Rosenheim, Germany collection, since the 1960s.

75

ROMAN BRONZE STATUE HAND

74

1st century AD A bronze left hand from a statue, with full open palm, the fingers carefully detailed, wonderful rendering of nails and finger joints, complete and preserved with a substantial part of the wrist. 214 grams, 10cm (4"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From a private collection formed in the Netherlands; previously in a European collection formed prior to 1980. Literature See Boucher, S. & Tassinari, S., Musée de la Civilisation Gallo-Romaine à Lyon: Bronzes Antiques. Tome 1 Inscriptions, Statuaire, Vaisselle, Lyon, 1976, drawings for similar specimens on p.86; Pesando F. & Guidobaldi M.P., Gli ozi di Ercole: residenze di lusso a Pompei ed Ercolano, Roma, 2006. Footnotes The position of the open hand recalls the famous statue of the dancing Satyr of Pompeii, although this statue has two bent fingers, while in our hand all the fingers are extended: the quality of the sculpture and the refinement of the details place this artwork at the highest point of Roman imperial art in the second half of 1st century AD.

75

76

ROMAN AMPHORA STAMP FOR NEAPOLITAN WINE BELONGING TO PRISCUS Circa 79 AD A bronze rectangular stamp bearing a legend in two lines of raised and reversed text ‘PARTHINOPEI / VILLI [.] PRISCI’ relating to a certain Priscus; reverse loop absent. 33.5 grams, 59mm (2¼"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From a private German collection, pre 2000. Literature See Loreti, E. M., ‘Signacula bronzei dell’Antiquarium comunale di Roma’ in Epigrafia della produzione e della distribuzione Actes de la VIIe Rencontre franco-italienne sur l’épigraphie du monde romain (Rome, 5-6 juin 1992), Rome: École Française de Rome, 1994, pp.645-653 (Publications de l’École française de Rome, 193).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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77

79

80 78

81

77

79

ROMAN STAMP FOR BREAD BELONGING TO FELIX

ROMAN STAMP FOR GOODS BELONGING TO TITUS FURIUS CELSUS

1st-2nd century AD

1st century AD A rectangular bronze stamp with raised legend in reverse ‘FELIC’; integral loop on reverse with expanding hoop and flat ellipsoidal face. 92 grams, 63mm (2½"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a private German collection, pre 2000. Literature For similar stamps, see Dressel, H., ed., Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum XV: Instrumentum Domesticum, (Berolini, 1891, 1899); Buoncuore, M., ‘Signacula nel Museo Profano della Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana,’ in Epigraphica 46, 1984, 158-67; and Manacorda, D., ‘Appunti sulla bollatura in età romana,’ in The Inscribed Economy, ed. Harris, W. V., (Ann Arbor, 1993) 37-54.

Provenance From a private German collection, pre 2000. Literature Similar specimen in Metropolitan Museum, accession number 30.11.2. Footnotes This stamp was presumably a property of a rich landlord and likely served as the official seal of his household, used to mark provisions.

Footnotes During the Roman era, bakeries were required to stamp their bread with an individual seal in order to trace the source of the loaves and to prevent fraud or theft of imperial supplies.

80

78

3rd-4th century AD

ROMAN STAMP FOR SEXTONIUS SLAVE OF QUINTUS MAXIMUS POPILIUS 1st century AD A rectangular stamp with raised inscription in reverse over two lines, reading ‘SEXTONS / Q . M . P’; possibly ‘Sextonius’, a masculine proper noun; reverse loop absent. 27.6 grams, 51mm (2"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From a private German collection, pre 2000. Literature See Loreti, E. M., ‘Signacula bronzei dell’Antiquarium comunale di Roma’ in Epigrafia della produzione e della distribuzione Actes de la VIIe Rencontre franco-italienne sur l’épigraphie du monde romain (Rome, 5-6 juin 1992), Rome: École Française de Rome, 1994, pp.645-653 (Publications de l’École française de Rome, 193).

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A bronze merchant’s stamp with rectangular face bearing engraved inscription in two lines: ‘T.FVRI / CELSI.’; integral loop on the reverse with oval face engraved with an anchor. 63.7 grams, 54mm (2"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

ROMAN STAMP SEAL FOR PITCH BELONGING TO MUMA

A rectangular stamp with integral pierced lug on reverse; the stamp face bearing an inscription in raised reverse lettering over two lines ‘MVMAPI / CVLAE. 36.5 grams, 46mm (1¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a private German collection, pre 2000. Literature See Loreti, E.M., ‘Signacula bronzei dell’Antiquarium comunale di Roma’ in: Epigrafia della produzione e della distribuzione Actes de la VIIe Rencontre franco-italienne sur l’épigraphie du monde romain (Rome, 5-6 juin 1992), Rome: École Française de Rome, 1994, pp.645-653 (Publications de l’École française de Rome, 193).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


82

83

81

83

LATE ROMAN MILITARY BELT MOUNT GROUP

ROMAN MILITARY ARMOUR COLLECTION AND BELT FITTINGS

4th-5th century AD

1st-5th century AD

A group of three mounts from a chip-carved military belt, composed by the belt plaque, with buckle framed by a beautiful foliage scroll decoration, the counter-plaque and a further plate, all of rectangular shape and with foliage decoration. 186 grams total, 72-105mm (3-4"). Fine condition. [3] £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210

A glazed wooden display case with mounted bronze military fittings comprising: two panels of squama scale armour; two buckles with openwork plates and a fitting of the related belt; a large belt buckle with scrolls; an amphora belt strap end; five propeller belt stiffeners; a lorica segmentata lobate hinge; a belt buckle with embossed emperors; a double buckle fastener; reputedly from Germanic provinces. 955 grams total, 30 x 21cm (11¾ x 8¼"). Very fine condition. [15] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

Provenance From the collection of a European gentleman living in South London; acquired 1970-1980. Literature See Bishop, M.C. & Coulston, J.C.N., Roman military equipment, from the Punic wars to the fall of Rome, London, 2006, figs.139 n. 7; Appels A., Laycock S., Roman buckles and military fittings, Witham, 2007, esp. p.241; Humer F., Kremer G., Pollhammer, E., Pülz A., AD 313 Von Carnuntum zum Christentum, Bad Voslau, 2014, pp. 201ff.n.389.

82

ROMAN MILITARY STRAP JUNCTION AND HARNESS MOUNT COLLECTION 2nd-6th century AD A glazed wooden display case with display of nine bronze horse harness mounts. 1.2 kg total, 30 x 21cm (11¾ x 8¼"). Very fine condition. [9] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); one item acquired from Saxby’s Coins, Tamworth, UK, in 2015; and for the armour from H. Vincent McCarthy, Bournemouth, UK, in 2001; accompanied by copies of two original invoices. Literature See Bishop, M. C., Coulston, J.C.N., Roman military equipment, from the Punic wars to the fall of Rome, London, 2006; Radman Livaja, I., Militaria Sisciensia, Finds of the Roman military equipment in Sisak in the holdings of the archaeological Museum in Zagreb, Zagreb, 2004; Miks, C., Studien zur Romischen Schwertbewaffnung in der Kaiserzeit, I-II Banden, Rahden, 2007; Appels A., Laycock S., Roman buckles and military fittings, Witham, 2007; D’Amato, R., Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier, London, 2009.

Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 1960-2000. Literature See Flinders-Petrie, W.F., Objects of daily use, London, 1927; Bishop, M. C., Coulston, J.C.N., Roman military equipment, from the Punic wars to the fall of Rome, London, 2006; Radman Livaja, I., Militaria Sisciensia, Finds of the Roman military equipment in Sisak in the holdings of the archaeological Museum in Zagreb, Zagreb, 2004; Miks, C., Studien zur Romischen Schwertbewaffnung in der Kaiserzeit, I-II Banden, Rahden, 2007; Appels A., Laycock S., Roman buckles and military fittings, Witham, 2007.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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84

ROMAN HANGING LAMP WITH CHAIN HANGER 1st century BC-1st century AD A bronze hanging lamp with handle and ornament most likely moulded and added after casting; ornamented handle in the shape of a bevelled crescent with a small globule at each end; large ring behind, globular body with rounded plain rim, large plain-lipped fillinghole, lid missing, round-tipped nozzle, flat nozzle top with bevelled sides, raised base forming solid circular foot, four suspension chains united by a cross-shaped hook, fixed on the sides of the lamp. 135 grams, 19cm (7½"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired from Brigantia, York, UK, in 2007; accompanied by the original invoice and certificate of authenticity.

84

Literature See Bussière, J., Lindros Wohl B., Ancient Lamps in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, 2017.

85

ROMAN DECORATED SIMPULUM 1st-2nd century AD A small simpulum with a straight pan and flat bottom bearing strongly incised circles on the outside, on the back of the handle, which shows two side flares, a small sieve decorated with a line of points. 182 grams total, 13cm including stand (5"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 1960-2000. Literature Cf. Tassinari, S., La Vaisselle de Bronze, Romaine et Provinciale, au Mysée des Antiquités Nationales, XXIXe supplément de Gallia, Paris, 1975, item 38.

86

ROMAN DECORATED SITULA Late 2nd century AD

85

A bronze situla with flat bottom, the convex basin at the base becoming cylindrical, slightly flared at the mouth; the vessel is complete with the handle (ansa), ornamented with a decorative pattern of alternating triangles inscribed in a band all around the upper cylindrical part. 113 grams,10cm (4"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired from Artemission, London, UK, in 2011; accompanied by the original certificate of authenticity. Literature Cf. Tassinari, S., La Vaisselle de Bronze, Romaine et Provinciale, au Mysée des Antiquités Nationales, XXIXe supplément de Gallia, Paris, 1975, items 117, 123-124; Boucher, S. & Tassinari, S., Musée de la Civilisation Gallo-Romaine à Lyon: Bronzes Antiques. Tome 1 Inscriptions, Statuaire, Vaisselle, Paris, 1976, figs.148-150. .

86

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


87

88

90 89

87

89

GRAECO-ROMAN SILVER REPOUSSE MAGICAL DOCUMENT

ROMAN MILLEFIORI PLATE BROOCH

4th century AD

2nd-4th century AD

A rectangular sheet silver panel with repoussé legend in three lines with incised frame; Greek text 'NICOMOMAPPAHM / KTMOPMHAPYKAM / KONANAEAM/, referring to an enigmatic magical formulation (?). 137 grams total, 56mm (box: 14.7 x 10.7cm) (2¼ (5¾ x 4¼)"). Fine condition, usage wear. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040

A bronze lozengiform plate brooch; the design comprises a series of tiered lozengiform faces with raised central circular stud; a single tier of inlaid enamel millefiori decoration executed in white, blue and red survives; with partial remains of pin lug and catch plate to the reverse. 17.2 grams, 57mm (2¼"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market in 1994.

Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired from A. G. & S. Gillis, Barnsley, UK, in 1998; accompanied by the original invoice.

Literature See Hentz, F., ‘A Greek Silver Phylactery in the MacDaniel Collection’ in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik,, Bd. 112 (1996), pp. 295-300. Footnotes The fragment is part of a magical phylactery for protection of the deceased. Close scrutiny of similar tablets reveals how it was manufactured. It was originally incised on a larger sheet of metal which was then flipped over and vertically cut with a sharp instrument. The slightly curved edges of each cut lamella would then cause it to cave in on the inscribed side and thus facilitate the roll-up process. It is quite likely that our tablet was mass-produced as part of a whole set of lamellae which were first inscribed side by side on the same silver sheet, then cut and individually packaged.

88

ROMAN MILITARY EAGLE AND STANDARD PENDANT 2nd-3rd century AD A bronze discoid pendant with ribbed tubular suspension loop and openwork design comprising an eagle standing, head left, wings spread, a military standard comprising a tier of three discs to the left, feathers, talons and ground-line given in detail. 6.74 grams, 33mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

Literature See Hattatt, R., Ancient Brooches And Other Artefacts, A fourth selection of brooches together with some other antiquities from the author’s collection, Oxbow Books, 1989, p.133, for discussion and comparable examples. Hattatt explains that ‘in the 2nd century AD Lozenge brooches were mainly enamelled and were produced in considerable variety...some were clearly quite expensive pieces.’

90

ROMAN ENAMELLED OWL BROOCH 2nd century AD A bronze plate brooch in the shape of an owl with champ-levé enamel to the wing and eyes, pin and catch to the reverse. 3.84 grams, 29mm (1"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of a English jewellery collector; previously in a 1980s UK collection.

Provenance From a private Buckinghamshire, UK, collection; acquired in the 1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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91

92

93 91

93

ROMAN SILVER BROOCH WITH BOAR

ROMAN GILT SILVER BENEFICIARIUS INSIGNIA MOUNT

3rd century AD

2nd-3rd century AD

A beautiful zoomorphic silver brooch in the form of a realistically modelled wild boar, modelled in the round with its eyes, snout, ears and dorsal ridge enhanced with engraved details, the head is broadly conical with open mouth; modern attachment pin. 13.7 grams, 35mm (1½"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040

A silver-gilt beneficiarius mount with tapering and collared median spine, leaf-shaped plaque with two lateral piercings, lateral spurs above and below; mounting lug to the reverse. 10.7 grams, 84mm (3¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

Provenance Ex London, UK, collection, in the 1990s. Literature Similar image in Boucher, S., Recherches sur les Bronzes Figurés de Gaule Pré-Romaine et Romaine, Rome, 1976, fig.381; work and style of the brooch are very similar to a Roman small boar mount recently found in Britain, see also a Roman folding knife handle in the form of a boar from Ditchingham nowadays in Norfolk, Norfolk Heritage Explorer no.22255. Footnotes In Europe and Asia, since ancient times, wild boar hunting was considered a warrior’s practise due to the danger of the prey, and some of this hunting glory was reflected in its gastronomic fame. The Etruscans hunted wild boar at night or at dawn, and caught it with nets, various traps and with the help of ferocious dogs. In the feast of the Roman Trimalcio, a huge boar was in the place of honour, from whose open belly emerged a flight of doves.

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ROMAN SILVER STRAP END FOR NUMERUS OF THE BRITANNI 4th-5th century AD A silver amphora-shaped strap end of a military belt with a fastening hole in the upper part, Latin inscription ‘NRBPQD’ incised vertically on the front of the plate, probably the initials of the owner and his unit; a possible interpretation is {NR = Numerus? B = Brittonum P (ublius) Q (uintus) D (ecius) Publius Quintus Decius of the Numerus of the Britanni}. 5.7 grams, 40mm (1½"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 2013; accompanied by the original receipt. Literature See Southern, P., ‘The Numeri of the Roman Imperial Army’ in Britannia, Vol. 20, (1989), pp.81-140; Bishop, M. C., Coulston, J.C.N., Roman military equipment, from the Punic wars to the fall of Rome, London, 2006, figs.137 n. 12, for style of strap ends; Appels A., Laycock S., Roman buckles and military fittings, Witham, 2007, esp. p.256, fig.SL13.26; Humer F., Kremer G., Pollhammer E., Pülz A., AD 313 Von Carnuntum zum Christentum, Bad Voslau, 2014, pp. 204-205 n.420.

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Provenance From the private collection of a British gentleman based in London, formed in the 1980s. Literature See Webster, G., The Roman Imperial Army of the First and Second Centuries, Oklahoma, 1998, p.139, for discussion. Footnotes The Beneficiarius was a specially-commissioned soldier whose duties included undertaking a specific role, such as a post in the military police. The insignia included a disc with spikes and two circular holes, shown on a military altar.

94

ROMAN GLASS BUST OF AUGUSTUS Egypt, 1st century BC-1st century AD A glass bust of the Emperor Augustus, of the Princeps type; youthful, idealised features, hair brushed forward in characteristic Julian family cow-lick locks to the forehead; pensive furrow to the brow; mounted on a custom-made marble base. 93 grams total, 50mm (2"). Very fine condition, small chip to right eye. Excessively rare, possibly only the fourth known example. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,810 - 11,010 USD 10,380 - 12,970 Provenance Property of a London gentleman since 2003; previously acquired from a private collection formed during the 1980s; accompanied by a five page analytical report by Dr. R. Neunteufel of Antiques Analytics GmbH, Institute for Scientific Authenticity Testing, Eppstein, Germany, which suggests a most probable late Egyptian date; also preliminary and subsequent reports by Michael Dennis O'Hara dated 5 March 2004. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10238-167559. Literature For a similar example see The Graeco-Roman Museum, Alexandria, inv. no.3536. The present portrait bust is of the ‘princeps’ type, created during the first years of Augustus’s rule as Emperor. Only a small number of glass portraits of Augustus are known, all of which seem to have been made in Alexandria, Egypt. This portrait of Augustus is a superb example of the power of images that was well known and utilised in the ancient world. The portraits of Augustus were set up all over the empire and portray him as always youthful, handsome and god-like; a type of image that was possibly borrowed from those of Alexander the Great. This bust was possibly owned by a high ranking official during the transitional period when Egypt became part of the Empire, and was a testimony of loyalty to the new regime. It is also possible that the image was set up in a shrine where it was worshipped as part of the emperor cult that served as a unifying factor among the provinces of the vast Roman Empire. For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


94 95

LATE ROMAN BLUE GLASS VESSEL WITH TRAILS 2nd-4th century AD A glass vessel with globular body, trumpet-style neck and rim and discoid foot; body decorated with applied trails designed to mimic ‘netting’; bubbles and tares throughout; label on base reads ‘Mahboubian Gallery G026’. 60 grams, 86mm (3½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972. Literature See Whitehouse, D., Roman Glass in The Corning Museum of Glass, Volume 2, Pittsburgh, 2001, for comparable examples and discussion.

95

96

ROMAN GLASS HANDLED SQUARE BOTTLE 1st-2nd century AD An aqua-coloured mould-blown glass bottle, square in plan with concentric rings to the base, D-shaped sides, rounded shoulder, trumpet-shaped neck and applied folded strap handle. 435 grams, 12.5cm (5"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From a Belgian private collection; probably from Cologne, Germany.

97

ROMAN MOULD-BLOWN AMBER GLASS SPRINKLER FLASK

96

3rd-4th century AD A mould-blown glass vessel with globular body, raised swirls radiating anticlockwise from the base of the neck where they are most pronounced, amber coloured swirls extending around the body, flared and rolled rim, pontil to base; internal shelf at base of neck with small circular piercing which restricts the volume of liquid which can leave the body of the vessel. 161 grams, 90mm (3½"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a Florida, USA, gentleman; acquired by the present owner during his residence in Paris in the 1970s. Footnotes Sprinkler flasks were used for dispensing precious liquids sparingly.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

97

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98

ROMAN GREEN GLASS BOTTLE 3rd-4th century AD A substantial glass bottle with asymmetrical globular body, narrow neck, broad rolled rim, ovoid mouth and kick-up; bubbles and tares throughout, including a number a larger examples; iridescence over the body. 153 grams, 13cm (5"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000s.

98

Literature Cf. Whitehouse, D., Roman Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass, vol.2, New York, 2001, item 705, for very similar type.

99

ROMAN COMIC ACTOR TERRACOTTA OIL LAMP 1st-2nd century AD A terracotta oil lamp shaped as a head of a comic actor wearing a mask of a satyr or slave; thick hair, knit eyebrows, small holes for eyes, large open mouth with typical striated band around it, suggesting a beard; leaf-shaped handle ornament with large looped plain ring behind; short round-tipped volute-nozzle; flat oval base marked off by oval groove. 240 grams total, 12cm including stand (4¾"). Fine condition, restored. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired from Dick Meijer Antiquiteiten, Amsterdam, Netherlands, in 2014; previously in a private collection from the north of the Netherlands; collected between 1950-1990; accompanied by the original certificate of authenticity. Literature See Bussière, J., Lindros Wohl, B., Ancient Lamps in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, 2017, p.435.

99

100

ROMAN OIL LAMP WITH MYTHOLOGICAL SCENE OF JASON AND THE GOLDEN FLEECE 1st century AD A terracotta lamp formed of two halves, made of brown clay covered with good quality glaze, each half made in a separate mould, seam between the two halves visible from the inside, handle with grooves, wide rim, discus decorated with the image of the Greek hero Jason, naked, the head covered by a Phrygian helmet and turning towards the right looking at the severed head of the dragon, the golden fleece worn over his shoulders. 79 grams, 11.3cm (4¼"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the collection of Arno Jumpertz, Leverkusen, Germany, 1924-1984; much of the collection was exhibited at Neus museum, in 1985.

100

Literature See Brooner, O., Isthmia excavations by the University of Chicago under the auspices of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, volume III, Terracotta Lamps, Princeton,1977, nn. 2374, 2442, for similar types.

101

ROMAN TERRACOTTA OIL LAMP WITH LEDA AND SWAN 1st-2nd century AD A terracotta lamp with hemispherical body, scroll work at the neck and lozengiform mouth; a scene of the copulating Leda and the Swan in relief contained within a series of circular borders. 74 grams, 12cm (4¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From the collection of Arno Jumpertz, Leverkusen, Germany, 1924-1984; much of the collection was exhibited at Neus museum, in 1985; accompanied by a collector’s note card.

101

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


102

ROMAN OIL LAMP WITH ACTORS’ MASKS 175-225 AD A terracotta ring-handle lamp, row of chevrons on the spine in shape of a myrtle-wreath imitating a laurel crown, the discus decorated with a pair of female theatre characters masks, heart-shaped nozzle, basal ring impressed with maker’s mark ‘АГУ’ in Greek capitals. 118 grams, 11.5cm (4½"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

102

Provenance From the collection of Arno Jumpertz, Leverkusen, Germany, 1924-1984; much of the collection was exhibited at Neus museum, in 1985. Literature Cf. Bailey, D. M., Catalogue of the Lamps in the British Museum III, BM, 1988, Q1709, for a less well detailed example.

103

ROMAN TERRACOTTA VESSEL GROUP 1st-3rd century AD A mixed group of four ceramic vessels, comprising: a piriform vessel with shallow foot, broad neck and flat rim flanked by two handles; a biconvex vessel with circumferential ribs, cylindrical neck, disc rim and strap handle with ribs; a carinated piriform vessel with a series of raised circumferential ribs, flared rim and strap handle; a biconvex vessel with flared foot, cylindrical neck, rolled rim and strap handle. 1.4 kg total, 13-20.5cm (5 - 8"). Fine condition. [4] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 1960-2000.

103

104

ROMAN REDWARE VESSEL GROUP 1st-3rd century AD A mixed group of three ceramic redware vessels comprising: one candle holder(?) with carinated body, cotton-reel shaped neck, shallow foot, ribbed strap handle, flaring rim and internal shelf; one bell-shaped beaker with tall foot and two concentric circumferential bands around the rim; one piriform vessel with flared foot, disc rim and strap handle comprising three ribs. 867 grams total, 9.3-18.5cm (3½ - 7¼"). Fine condition, cup and jug repaired. [3] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 1960-2000.

105

104

ROMAN REDWARE BOWL GROUP 4th-5th century AD A group of five redware ceramic bowls of Late Roman C-ware from Asia Minor, the smallest with carinated profile, regular horizontal reeding on the flange and radiating internal diagonal strokes. 3 kg total, 16.5 - 34.5cm (6½ - 13½"). Fine condition. [5] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 1960-2000. Literature See Brown, A.C., Catalogue of Italian Terra-Sigillata in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 1968; Webster G., CBA research report n.6, third edition: RomanoBritish coarse pottery, a student’s guide, London, 1976; Ergün L., Gülseren K.S., ‘Terra Sigillata and Red-Slipped Ware from Hadrianopolis in Southwestern Paphlagonia’ in Anatolia Antiqua, Tome 20, 2012, pp.45-120.

105

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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106 106

ROMAN DECORATED CUP 2nd century BC A squat hemispherical Samian ware cup with rosette and acanthusleaf motifs to the centre, bands of egg-and-dart moulding, rosettes and other detailing. 144 grams, 13cm (5"). Fine condition, rim chipped. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 1960-2000. Literature See Baur, P.V.C., ‘Megarian Bowls in the Rebecca Darlington Stoddard Collection of Greek and Italian Vases in Yale University’ in American Journal of Archaeology Volume 45 Issues 2, pp.229-248, Yale 1941, s. fig.8, for type.

107

ROMAN AND OTHER GEMSTONE COLLECTION 1st century AD and later A mixed group of five cut and polished gemstones: one ovoid-shaped carnelian mounted on a fragmentary bezel, bearing the intaglio design of two fish flanking a Christian cross; one ellipsoidal carnelian bearing the intaglio design of a deer beneath a tree; one ovoidshaped carnelian bearing an enigmatic intaglio design, possibly foliage; one ellipsoidal red jasper bearing the intaglio design of a warrior, seated, helmetted, shield and spear to his side, holding a severed head, a torso impaled on a spike before him; one ellipsoidal nicolo stone bearing intaglio design of Mars or Jupiter standing. 5 grams total, 11-16mm (½ -¾"). Fine condition. [5] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910

107

Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 1960-2000.

108

ROMAN CAMEO BUST OF A LADY 2nd-3rd century AD An oval-shaped banded red stone cameo with bust of a lady facing left, hair dressed in a ‘wreath’ around the head, wearing ‘v’-necked robes. 2.22 grams, 14mm (½"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family’s collection; acquired in the 1970s.

108

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


109

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH NICOLO GEMSTONE 1st-3rd century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop, expanding facetted shoulders, oval setting holding a cut nicolo gemstone. 9.52 grams, 27.91mm overall, 21.89mm internal diameter (approximate size British P, USA 7½, Europe 16.23, Japan 15) (1"). Extremely fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,750 - 3,850 USD 3,240 - 4,540 Provenance Formerly in a private Dutch collection; the collection formed from the 1970s to the 1980s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.165188/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10139-165188.

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110

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH ATHENA GEMSTONE 2nd-3rd century AD A large hollow gold ring with D-section hoop, expanding at the shoulders to an oval-shaped bezel set with a large agate intaglio with incuse design of Athena with her attributes, standing left. 5.94 grams, 25.43mm overall, 20.84mm internal diameter (approximate size British R, USA 8½, Europe 18¾, Japan 18) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance From the London art market in the early 2000s; formerly from the collection of an English family, by descent, 1970s.

110

111

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH DIONYSUS GEMSTONE 3rd century AD A gold ring with flat-section hoop with ropework borders and ribbing; expanding shoulders with openwork scrolls; oval-shaped bezel with ropework border holding nicolo gemstone with intaglio of Dionysus. 5.03 grams, 21.44mm overall, 16.47mm internal diameter (approximate size British L, USA 5¾, Europe 11.24, Japan 10) (¾"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 1960-2000.

111 Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 414, for almost identical type.

112

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH MAMINO GEMSTONE 3rd-4th century AD A gold ring with flat-section hoop, series of inset applied domes to the outer face, supporting a tiered ellipsoidal bezel featuring borders of applied granulated beads and a cut and polished carnelian gemstone with inscription on two lines: ‘MAM / I NO’, with retrograde ‘N’, probably a personal name. 3.92 grams, 24.90mm overall, 18.33mm internal diameter (approximate size British P, USA 7½, Europe 16.23, Japan 15) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590

112

Provenance Ex Shiraz Antiques, London, W1, in 1998.

113

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH FLY GEMSTONE 3rd-4th century AD A gold ring with ribbed D-section hoop expanding towards discoid bezel holding a carnelian gemstone featuring intaglio fly; shoulders and bezel with granules. 3.83 grams, 22.10mm overall, 19.70mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (¾"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From the private collection of a Dutch jewellery collector; acquired in the 1990s. For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

113

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114

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH PORTRAIT CABOCHON 2nd-3rd century AD A gold ring with bifacial ‘barley’ hoop supporting oval bezel with ropework border and eight clusters of three granulated beads below hatched setting holding cut and polished green glass cabochon with intaglio male bust. 5.49 grams, 21.25mm overall, 18.71mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (¾"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300

114

Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired from John Cummings Ltd, Grantham, UK, in 2000; accompanied by the original invoice.

115

‘THE PALGRAVE’ ROMAN GOLD RING 2nd-4th century AD A gold ring with squashed flat-section hoop decorated with two applied bands of twists between two bands of pellets; ellipsoidal bezel with ropework border and raised setting holding cut glass insert. 7.44 grams, 26.19mm overall, 21.83mm internal diameter (approximate size British -, USA -, Europe -, Japan -) (1"). Fine ‘as found’ condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Found with the use of a metal detector near Palgrave, Norfolk, UK, circa 1994/5; reported to Andrew Rogerson of Norfolk Landscape Archaeology, Gressenhall, Norfolk, and returned to the finder.

115

116

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH FORTUNA GEMSTONE 2nd-3rd century AD A heavy gold ring with pentagonal-section hoop, ‘inset’ shoulders and octagonal bezel with raised oval-shaped setting with beaded border, set with a nicolo(?) gemstone with Fortuna standing right, holding cornucopia and other attributes. 18.27 grams, 26.83mm overall, 17.56mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (1"). Very fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,750 - 3,850 USD 3,240 - 4,540 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family’s collection; acquired in the 1970s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10140-167654.

116

Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 350, for type.

117

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH SCORPION GEMSTONE 1st century AD A small gold finger ring with spurs to the shoulders, cell with inset limestone cloison, intaglio scorpion motif. 5.45 grams, 19mm overall, 14.93mm internal diameter (approximate size British H½, USA 4, Europe 6.81, Japan 6) (¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910

117

Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire, UK, gentleman; acquired before 2000.

118

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH GODDESS GEMSTONE 2nd-4th century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop expanding to an ellipsoidal bezel; cut and polished carnelian gemstone with intaglio standing female figure, probably a deity. 2.94 grams, 22.57mm overall, 18.35mm internal diameter (approximate size British K½, USA 5½, Europe 10.58, Japan 10) (¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Ex Shiraz Antiques, London, W1, in 1998.

118

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


119

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH CABOCHON 2nd-4th century AD A gold ring with ribbed hoop and expanding shoulders with central ribs and scrollwork meeting an oval setting enclosing domed oval cabochon, possibly moonstone or glass. 3.64 grams, 18.71mm overall, 15.29mm internal diameter (approximate size British D, USA 1¾, Europe 1.15, Japan 1) (½"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590

119

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s.

120

ROMAN GOLD CHILD’S RING WITH BUST GEMSTONE 2nd-4th century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop, tapering to expanding shoulders and ellipsoidal bezel; red jasper stone with intaglio human bust. 1.30 grams, 17.22mm overall, 11.60mm internal diameter (approximate size British -, USA -, Europe -, Japan -) (½"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300

120

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s.

121

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH PISCES GEMSTONE 1st century AD A gold finger ring with broad plaque, yellow jasper gemstone with intaglio Pisces motif. 6.62 grams, 20mm overall, 16.79mm internal diameter (approximate size British M, USA 6¼, Europe 12.56, Japan 12) (¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire, UK, gentleman; acquired before 2000.

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ROMAN GOLD RING WITH MYTHICAL CREATURE GEMSTONE 3rd-4th century AD A gold ring with tapering D-section hoop; flaring shoulder with scrolled pelta pattern and hexagonal bezel set with orange and white banded agate engraved with a mythical creature. 4.00 grams, 22.80mm overall, 18.51mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (¾"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From the private collection of a Dutch jewellery collector; acquired in the 1990s.

122

123

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH COCKEREL GEMSTONE 3rd-4th century AD A small gold finger ring with rectangular plaque, cell with inset octagonal carnelian gemstone, intaglio cockerel motif. 4.75 grams, 20mm overall, 15.42mm internal diameter (approximate size British I½, USA 4½, Europe 8.16, Japan 8) (¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire, UK, gentleman; acquired before 2000.

123

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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124

ROMAN GOLD RING FOR MAMAS 3rd century AD A solid gold finger ring with tapering D-section shank and raised ellipsoid bezel, bearing the Greek letters ‘ / C’(?) on two lines, possibly the owner’s name ‘Mamas’. 13.15 grams, 22.63mm overall, 17.27mm internal diameter (approximate size British J, USA 4¾, Europe 8.69, Japan 8) (1"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820

124

Provenance Property of a Suffolk gentleman; previously in a 1980s UK collection. Literature Cf. Henkel, F., Die Römischen Fingerringe der Rheinlande und der Benachbarten Gebiete, Berlin, 1913, item 1383, for type; Ruseva-Slokoska, L., Roman Jewellery, Sofia, 1991, item 226, for type.

125

ROMAN GOLD CAMEO PENDANT WITH CUPID PLAYING LYRE 1st-2nd century AD

125

126

A D-shaped gold plaque with beaded wire rim, twisted wire and granules to the frame, ribbed loop; central onyx cameo with winged Cupid playing a lyre with cockerel below. 6.11 grams, 27mm (1"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From the collection of a European gentleman living in South London; acquired 1970-1980; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.167465/7/10/2020.

126

ROMAN GOLD EARRING WITH MEDUSA CAMEO Early 3rd century AD A gold earring comprising a discoid setting and a series of pierced arches with extensions between, joined by a series of granulated beads to pierced scrollwork bar below; three articulated dangles with circular settings, stem and twisted terminal; carved bone cameo modelling a Medusa mask; loop to the reverse. 3.64 grams, 33mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s. Literature See Zouhdi, B., ‘Les influences rèciproques entre l’Occident d’après les bijoux du Musèe Nationale de Damas’, in AA Syr. XXI, 1971; Henig, M., The Content Family Collection of Ancient Cameos, Oxford, 1990; Ruseva-Slokovska L., Roman Jewellery, a collection of the National Archaeological Museum-Sofia, Sofia, 1991.

127

GRAECO-ROMAN GOLD EARRING PAIR WITH NUBIAN HEADS

127

1st-2nd century AD A matched pair of gold earrings, each a twisted wire hoop and hook finial, square panel and carved garnet African male head with short hair. 11.44 grams total, 32mm each (1¼"). Very fine condition. [2] £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780 Provenance Property of a private New York collection; previously with Bonhams, London, 1 May 2013, lot 223 [£8,000-£10,000]; formerly in the collection of Mr Nasli. M. Heeramaneck, New York, USA, since the 1960s; accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages, and an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.167704/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10141-167707.

128

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


129

130

131

132 128

ROMAN GOLD AND GARNET EARRINGS 2nd-4th century AD A matched pair of gold earrings, each with a round-section hoop with hook-and-eye terminal; cut and polished spherical garnet(?) bead held by an applied arm; tear-shaped dangle in gold setting with applied gold bead and ropework decoration, suspended on a twisted wire suspension loop. 3.18 grams total, 35mm each (1¼"). Fine condition. [2] £450 - 650 EUR 500 - 720 USD 580 - 840 Provenance Ex London art market; previously in a collection from the Philippines.

129

ROMAN GOLD WHEEL PENDANT WITH BEADS 1st-3rd century AD A restrung group of barrel-shaped carnelian beads with interstitial gold spacer beads, disc pendant with curved rim, eight inset garnet cabochons. 6.78 grams, 13cm (5"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 1960-2000; accompanied by a certificate of authenticity for the pendant from Phoenicia Holyland Antiquities, New York, USA.

130

ROMAN GARNET AND BLUE GLASS BEAD NECKLACE 2nd-4th century AD and later A restrung necklace of graduated irregular garnet beads with interstitial blue glass spacers, the centrepiece a gold filigree teardrop opus interrasile pendant. 23.5 grams, 45cm (17¾"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of a gentleman; formerly in a private collection since before 1980.

131

ROMAN BLUE GLASS AND GOLD BEAD NECKLACE 3rd-4th century AD A restrung necklace of graduated blue glass annular beads, the centrepiece an agate bead with ribbed gold end-caps, each with a For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

133 pearl bead and coiled wire finial. 27.2 grams, 51cm (20"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From the private collection of Mr S. M., London, UK, 1970-1999.

132

ROMAN SILVER RING WITH HUNTING SCENE 3rd century AD A silver ring with carinated hoop, expanding at the shoulders to a bezel decorated with scrollwork; set with an oval-shaped cut and polished gemstone with an incuse hunting scene of a wild boar being chased by a hound, each standing on a ground-line. 15.48 grams, 30.05mm overall, 18.42x22.08mm internal diameter (approximate size British R½, USA 8¾, Europe 19.38, Japan 18) (1¼"). Fine condition. A large wearable size. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From the collection of a European gentleman living in South London; acquired 1970-1980. Literature Cf. Ruseva-Slokoska, L., Roman Jewellery, Sofia, 1991, item 215, for type.

133

ROMAN MILITARY RING WITH EAGLE ON THUNDERBOLT 3rd century AD A copper-alloy ring with carinated, openwork hoop with scrolls, expanding at the shoulders to an oval-shaped bezel set with a cut and polished garnet(?) with incuse design of an eagle standing left on a thunderbolt, wings spread, victory wreath in beak, flanked by two military standards. 12.57 grams, 28.47mm overall, 20.50mm internal diameter (approximate size British W½, USA 11¼, Europe 25.66, Japan 24) (1"). Fine condition. A large wearable size. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From the collection of a European gentleman living in South London; acquired 1970-1980. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 404, for type.

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134

ROMAN KNIFE HANDLE WITH LION 1st-3rd century AD A carved and polished bone knife handle formed as an ornamental table leg with florid capital and snarling lioness mask over a tapering shank with lion’s paw foot; slot to the reverse and remains of iron blade; mounted on a custom-made stand. 53 grams total, 89mm including stand (3½"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Property of a private New York collection, acquired on the French art market in 2013; formerly in the private collection of Mr Schuller, acquired in the 1960s1970s. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10239167701.

135

ROMAN BONE FIGURINE 3rd-4th century AD A female figure carved from a long-bone; detailed hairstyle, smoothed face and breasts, folded or pleated lower edge to the dress; probably a mirror handle. 81 grams, 15.5cm (6"). Fair condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a private collection formed in the Netherlands; previously in a European collection formed prior to 1980. Literature See Crummy, N., Colchester Archaeological Report 2, the Roman small finds from excavations in Colchester, 1971-1979, Colchester, 1995, especially pp.141ff. Footnotes It is unclear what these statuettes were originally used for: comparisons with other fragments of the Roman world suggests that it may have been a handle of some kind, or attached to a piece of furniture, or a knife handle.

136

ROMAN BONE WEAVING IMPLEMENT 3rd-4th century AD

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136

A bone distaff comprising a round-section decorated shaft with ribbed bands and median gusset, one end with annular plaque and threadpicker finial, the other with notched comb. 31.9 grams, 22.5cm (9"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a family collection, London, UK, by descent.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


THE SCAMMELL COLLECTION The following six lots and many others within these pages are from the Scammell collection. Antony John Scammell (1937-2019) was born, and lived his entire life, in the city of Bristol, England. Already from an early age he was enthralled by history and the heroes that it created. While serving overseas with the British Army, Antony began collecting coins and banknotes and this led to collecting a variety of different items throughout his life. From the early 1960s onward, Antony invested in acquiring ancient artefacts. Antony's vast collections started with Egyptian antiquities, but soon branched into Greek and Roman civilisations. The Roman civilisation fascinated him most and, when family commitments allowed, archaeological digs were coordinated in the west of England. These digs uncovered numerous artefacts, many of which were donated to local museums. In retirement, the collecting continued apace, branching into UK coins, British Empire banknotes and fossils.

137

ROMAN PANEL WITH DIONYSUS AND DOLPHINS 3rd century AD A rectangular lead panel fragment of a child’s sarcophagus with ropework border to the upper edge and fluted column to the left edge; raised religious imagery including a central mask of Dionysus flanked by vineleaves and S-curled dolphins in profile, facing bearded mask of Silenus above and willow leaf below; mounted on a custom-made wooden stand. 3.2 kg total, 26cm including stand (10¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired from Phoenician Holyland Antiquities, New York, USA, in 2015; accompanied by the original certificate of authenticity and import receipt. Literature See McCann, A.M., Roman Sarcophagi in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1978; M. Myth, Meaning, and Memory on Roman Sarcophagi, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

138

ROMAN DANUBIAN VOTIVE PLAQUE COLLECTION 3rd century AD

137

A group of four lead votive trapezoidal and square plaques showing scenes of Danubian cult: on one plaque the god Sol and the goddess Luna are depicted on the right and the left side of the upper part, on another one only the facing solar bust at the centre of the upper section; at the centre of three plaques facing Helen of Sparta, the divine daughter of Leda and Zeus, welcoming her divine brothers, the twins Castor and Pollux, both personifying the Danubian rider; on three plaques cavalrymen, advancing, holding the draco standard of the Roman legions; on one plaque Helen is alone on the left side of the section, welcoming one of her brothers who advances with a vexillum on his shoulders; one plaque with a cockerel, the sacred animal of the sun, vegetation and animal symbols representing the offerings to the gods on the field; the eagle of Zeus at the top of three plaques; architectural elements on the background of three plaques. 433 grams total, 79-94mm (3 - 3¾"). Fine condition. [4] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); two acquired from A. G. & S. Gillis, Barnsley, UK, in 2002; and two from John Cummings Ltd, Grantham, UK; accompanied by the original invoices for the four plaques. Literature See Tudor, D., Corpus Monumentorum Religionis Equitum Danuviorum, 2 vols., Leiden 1969-1976; Vasilev, V., ‘Two Lead Plaques with a Depiction of a Danubian Horseman from the Collection of the National Museum of the History of the Ukraine’ in Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia 10,1-2, 2004, pp.67-76; Beutler F., Farka C., Gugl C., Humer F., Kremer, G. and Pollhammer, E.(ed.), Der Adler Roms, Carnuntum und die Armee der Caesaren, Bad Voslau, 2017, cat.67, for a similar plaque in bronze. For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

138

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139

140

139

140

ROMAN DANUBIAN VOTIVE PLAQUE COLLECTION

ROMAN DANUBIAN VOTIVE PLAQUE COLLECTION

3rd century AD

3rd century AD

A group of four lead votive trapezoidal and square plaques showing scenes of a Danubian cult: on three plaques the god Sol and the goddess Luna are depicted in profile on the right and the left side of the upper part; on one plaque the sun at the top section driving the sun-chariot with four-horse (quadriga); at the centre of all plaques facing Helen of Sparta, the divine daughter of Leda and Zeus, welcoming her divine brothers, the twins Castor and Pollux, both personifying the Danubian rider; on two plaques both the riders advancing, holding the draco standard of the Roman legions; a soldier armed like a third century legionary is following the left cavalryman; two plaques with a cockerel, the sacred animal of the sun, foliage and animal symbols representing the divine power and the offerings to the gods on the fields, with scene of banquets; the eagle of Zeus at the top of three plaques; architectural elements on the background of all plaques. 367 grams total, 79-94mm (3 - 3¾"). Fine condition. [4] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

A group of four lead votive trapezoidal and square plaques showing scenes of Danubian cult: on two plaques the god Sol and the goddess Luna are depicted in profile on the right and the left side of the upper part of the section; on the two other plaques the sun at the top section driving the sun-chariot with four-horse (quadriga); at the centre of all plaques facing Helen of Sparta, the divine daughter of Leda and Zeus, welcoming her divine brothers, the twins Castor and Pollux, both personifying the Danubian rider; on one plaque both the riders advancing, holding the draco standard of the Roman legions; a soldier armed like a third century legionary is following the left cavalryman; one plaque with a cockerel, the sacred animal of the sun, foliage and animal symbols representing the divine power and the offerings to the gods on the fields, with scene of banquets; the eagle of Zeus at the top of two plaques; architectural elements on the background of all plaques. 557 grams total, 77-97mm (3 - 3¾"). Fine condition. [4] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); all acquired from A. G. & S. Gillis, Barnsley, UK, in 2001; accompanied by a copy of the original invoice.

Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); one acquired from A. G. & S. Gillis, Barnsley, UK, in 2000; and one acquired from Zeus Antiquities, Beverley Hills, USA, in 2005; both accompanied by original invoices and certificate of authenticity from Zeus Antiquities.

Literature See Tudor, D., Corpus Monumentorum Religionis Equitum Danuviorum, 2 vols., Leiden 1969-1976; Vasilev, V., ‘Two Lead Plaques with a Depiction of a Danubian Horseman from the Collection of the National Museum of the History of the Ukraine’ in Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia 10,1-2, 2004, pp.67-76; Beutler F., Farka C., Gugl C., Humer F., Kremer, G. and Pollhammer, E.(ed.), Der Adler Roms, Carnuntum und die Armee der Caesaren, Bad Voslau, 2017, cat.67, for a similar plaque in bronze.

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Literature See Tudor, D., Corpus Monumentorum Religionis Equitum Danuviorum, 2 vols., Leiden 1969-1976; Vasilev, V., ‘Two Lead Plaques with a Depiction of a Danubian Horseman from the Collection of the National Museum of the History of the Ukraine’ in Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia 10,1-2, 2004, pp.67-76; Beutler F., Farka C., Gugl C., Humer F., Kremer, G. and Pollhammer, E.(ed.), Der Adler Roms, Carnuntum und die Armee der Caesaren, Bad Voslau, 2017, cat.67, for a similar plaque in bronze.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


141

142

141

142

ROMAN DANUBIAN VOTIVE PLAQUE COLLECTION

ROMAN DANUBIAN VOTIVE PLAQUE COLLECTION

3rd century AD

3rd century AD

A group of four lead votive trapezoidal, round and square plaques showing scenes of Danubian cult: on all the plaques the god Sol and the goddess Luna are depicted respectively on the right and the left side of the upper part, sometimes in profile sometimes facing; at the centre of all plaques facing Helen of Sparta, the divine daughter of Leda and Zeus, welcoming her divine brothers, the twins Castor and Pollux, both personifying the Danubian rider; on three plaques the left cavalryman is advancing, holding the draco standard of the Roman legions; two plaques with a cockerel, the sacred animal of the sun, foliage and animal symbols representing the offerings to the gods; the eagle of Zeus at the top of three plaques; architectural elements on the background of all plaques. 301 grams total, 71-86mm (2¾ - 3½"). Fine condition. [4] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

A group of four lead votive trapezoidal and square plaques showing scenes of Danubian cult: on one plaque the god Sol and the goddess Luna are depicted respectively on the left and the right side of the upper part, on another plaque the sun is facing represented driving the sun-chariot with four-horse (quadriga); at the centre or upper section of all plaques facing Helen of Sparta, the divine daughter of Leda and Zeus, welcoming her divine brothers, the twins Castor and Pollux, both personifying the Danubian rider, followed in three cases by an armed Roman legionary; on one plaque the left cavalryman is advancing, holding the draco standard of the Roman legions; vegetation and animal symbols representing the offerings to the gods and scenes of sacrifice on the fields; the eagle of Zeus at the top of one plaque; architectural elements on the background of all plaques. 822 grams total, 9.1-12.3cm (3½ - 5"). Fine condition. [4] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040

Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); two acquired from A. G. & S. Gillis, Barnsley, UK, in 2001; accompanied by a copy of the original invoice. Literature See Vasilev, V., ‘Two Lead Plaques with a Depiction of a Danubian Horseman from the Collection of the National Museum of the History of the Ukraine’ in Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia 10,1-2, 2004, pp.67-76; Beutler, F., Farka C., Gugl C., Humer F., Kremer, G. and Pollhammer, E.(ed.), Der Adler Roms, Carnuntum und die Armee der Caesaren, Bad Voslau, 2017, cat.67, for a similar plaque in bronze.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); one acquired from Dr. Bron Lipkin, Collector Antiquities, London, UK, in 2009; accompanied by the original invoice. Literature See Tudor, D., Corpus Monumentorum Religionis Equitum Danuviorum, 2 vols., Leiden 1969-1976; Vasilev, V., ‘Two Lead Plaques with a Depiction of a Danubian Horseman from the Collection of the National Museum of the History of the Ukraine’ in Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia 10,1-2, 2004, pp.67-76; Beutler F., Farka C., Gugl C., Humer F., Kremer, G. and Pollhammer, E.(ed.), Der Adler Roms, Carnuntum und die Armee der Caesaren, Bad Voslau, 2017, cat.67, for a similar plaque in bronze.

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144

ROMAN LEGAL WILL ON WOODEN TABLET

ROMAN CONTRACT FOR SALE OF LAND ON WOODEN TABLET WITNESSED BY IULIUS AEQUIRIUS

Late 3rd-early 4th century AD

Late 3rd-early 4th century AD An inked wooden tabula, square in plan, pierced in three places along two sides, featuring a shallow recessed panel bearing eighteen lines of inked cursive text following the grain of the wood, probably part of a legal will. 35.7 grams, 15.5 x 15.3cm (6 x 6"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Ex Monsieur Alain Sfez collection, Belgium; acquired by gift from his father Albert Sfez, 1965; acquired by Albert in the early 1950s. Literature For examples of wooden tabulae re-used as a writing surfaces, see Thomas, J. D., Vindolanda: The Latin Writing Tablets, Britannia Monograph Series No 4, London, 1983; for examples of testamentary documents on wooden tablets that have survived, see FIRA III, p.47 for Anthony Silvanus from 142 AD and see BGU VII 1695 for Safinnius Herminus; for another from Transfynydd, North Wales, see Arch. Camb. 150, pp.143-156. Published Rothenhoefer, P., Neue römische Rechtsdokumente aus dem Byzacena-Archiv / New Roman Legal Documents from the Byzacena Archive, (forthcoming). Footnotes The contract follows standard Roman legal formulae.

An inked wooden tabula, square in plan, used for a contract of sale of land, with shallow rectangular socket dividing the field horizontally; above, ten lines of later cursive script; below, ten short lines of later cursive script written perpendicular to the first and a short legend below in a different hand; using the typical legal formulae and the signatures of witnesses (e.g. a Iulius Aequirius). 299 grams total, 15 x 14cm (6 x 5½"). Fair condition, split. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance Ex Monsieur Alain Sfez collection, Belgium; acquired by gift from his father Albert Sfez, 1965; acquired by Albert in the early 1950s. Literature For examples of wooden tabulae re-used as a writing surfaces, see Thomas, J. D., Vindolanda: The Latin Writing Tablets, Britannia Monograph Series No 4, London, 1983; for examples of testamentary documents on wooden tablets that have survived, see FIRA III, p.47 for Anthony Silvanus from 142 AD and see BGU VII 1695 for Safinnius Herminus; for another from Transfynydd, North Wales, see Arch. Camb. 150, pp.143-156. Published Rothenhoefer, P., Neue römische Rechtsdokumente aus dem Byzacena-Archiv / New Roman Legal Documents from the Byzacena Archive, (forthcoming). Footnotes The contract follows standard Roman legal formulae.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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BYZANTINE JEWELLED GOLD BRACELET 6th-7th century AD A gold articulating bracelet formed of hinged segments, each a group of three cells with scrolled filigree ornament between and hinge to each outer edge, the middle cell of each set with a blue glass bead and the outer ones with iridescent cabochon pearls and mother-ofpearl plaques, central cross of blue glass, each end a triangle of glass-set cells with loop finials. 64.98 grams, 20cm (8"). Fine condition. ÂŁ10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,010 - 15,420 USD 12,970 - 18,160 Provenance Property of a English jewellery collector; previously in a 1980s UK collection; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.163890/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certiďŹ cate number no.10241-163890.

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BYZANTINE GOLD RING WITH SAINT STEPHEN 8th-10th century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop and lozengiform bezel; incuse design featuring Saint Stephen, nimbate and wearing a Christian cross pendant, in the centre; sprigs below, symbols and inscription 'AIOCTEANI' for Saint Stephen in the field; flanked by a Christian cross on each side. 8.81 grams, 25.42mm overall, 18.40mm internal diameter (approximate size British P, USA 7½, Europe 16.23, Japan 15) (1"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family’s collection; acquired in the 1970s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.167659/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certiďŹ cate number no.10146-167659. Literature Cf. Wamser, L., Die Welt von Byzanz - Europas Ă–stliches Erbe, MĂźnchen, 2004, item 668, for type.

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BYZANTINE GOLD MARRIAGE RING Late 5th century AD A solid gold and niello marriage ring, with a plain hoop, semi-circular in section with flattened sides, expanding to triangular shoulders, with a two-step pyramidal bezel topped with a truncated inverted cone engraved on the circular face with a guinea-fowl in profile to the right, a lizard to its right, a crescent and star above, enclosed within a wreath, volute above a palmette on the shoulders, a key pattern and zig-zag on the sides of pyramidal steps; and a inscription on either side reading  and MAPIAC (of Evtichios and Maria) added later. 16.21 grams, 28.92mm overall, 18.21mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q, USA 8, Europe 17.49, Japan 16) (1Âź"). Fine condition. ÂŁ1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From a Christian artefact collection formed by a collector in Surrey, UK. Literature See Spier, J., ‘Some Unconventional early Byzantine Rings’ in Entwistle, C. & Adams, N., Intelligible Beauty, Recent Research into Byzantine Jewellery, London, 2010, pl.5a-b, for a similar gold ring with niello inlays; Christie’s, New York, Antiquities, 18 December 1998, lot 160.

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BYZANTINE GOLD MARRIAGE RING 8th-10th century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop, expanding shoulders and ovalshaped bezel with incuse design comprising a central Christian cross, a nimbate figure above, flanked by two facing robed figures, one male, one female, an inscription below 'OMONOI[A]' for harmony, symbols in the field. 9.43 grams, 25.23mm overall, 19.89x15.54mm internal diameter (approximate size British L, USA 5¾, Europe 11.24, Japan 10) (1"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family’s collection; acquired in the 1970s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.167658/7/10/2020. Literature Cf. Wamser, L., Die Welt von Byzanz - Europas Östliches Erbe, München, 2004, item 672; Dalton, O.M., The Franks Bequest Catalogue of Finger Rings, London, 1912, item 50.

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BYZANTINE GOLD RING WITH JOHN THE EVANGELIST 6th-10th century AD

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Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family’s collection; acquired in the 1970s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.167657/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10144-167657. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 487, for type.

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BYZANTINE GOLD WEDDING RING WITH BUSTS 6th-7th century AD A gold ring with round-section hoop supporting discoid bezel featuring intaglio busts of two robed individuals facing each other. 3.80 grams, 22.88mm overall, 19.60mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q, USA 8, Europe 17.49, Japan 16) (¾"). Fine condition. A large wearable size. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s; accompanied an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.164820/7/10/2020.

A gold ring with tapering, flat-bottomed hoop and expanding shoulders; 'square' bezel with rounded corners featuring an incuse scene of a winged and nimbate saint standing on a ground-line, possibly John the Evangelist, tending to a Christian cross; an eagle stands facing, holding a leafy branch in its beak; numerous crosses in the field. 11.13 grams, 23.82mm overall, 18.20mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (1"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890

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BYZANTINE STONE CROSS PENDANT WITH SILVER TERMINALS 13th-14th century AD An onyx equal-arm cross with silver sleeve to each arm and glass bead between, marked to the obverse with Christogram and legend; articulating suspender with nimbate bust; the Greek inscription reads on the horizontal arms IC (Jesus) and  (Christos), and on the vertical arms  (possibly again the name of God) and MAAC (for the Virgin Mary). 51 grams, 68mm (2¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040

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Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature Cf. Pitarakis, B., Les croix-reliquaires pectorales Byzantines en bronze, Paris, 2006, p.114, fig.75, for comparable bronze cross with niello from Saint Catherine Monastery.. ..

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BYZANTINE SILVER BOWL WITH CROSS 6th-8th century AD An ellipsoidal silver bowl with rounded rim; rounded base decorated with a cross comprising a central rectangular body with four fluted arms. 234 grams, 18cm (7"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910

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Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

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BYZANTINE SGRAFFITO GLAZED BOWL WITH FISH 12th-15th century AD A ceramic sgraffito bowl with carinated body and deep foot; ochre and green slip on a cream ground on the interior and outer rim; interior decorated with a pair of fish within a circular border on the base, lozengiform motifs in circumferential panels above; Lusignan Cyprus. 581 grams, 16.5cm (6½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Ex central London gallery since 2012; formerly with Bonhams, New Bond Street, 29 April 2009, lot 275 [part]; accompanied by copies of the relevant catalogue pages.

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BYZANTINE SGRAFFITO GLAZED BOWL 12th-15th century AD A ceramic sgraffito bowl with hemispherical body, broad flared rim and deep foot; the decorative design comprising interlocking border to rim and lattice roundel with foliate flourishes to the interior; ochre and green slip on a cream ground to the rim and interior; Lusignan Cyprus. 499 grams, 20cm (8"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Ex central London gallery since 2012; formerly with Bonhams, New Bond Street, 29 April 2009, lot 273 [part]; accompanied by copies of the relevant catalogue pages.

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BYZANTINE PROCESSIONAL CROSS FRAGMENT 11th century AD A processional cross fragment, with the engraved image of a saintbishop with nimbus, clad in ecclesiastical dress of 10th-11th century (phelonion and sticharion), the right hand raised in prayer, the left hand holding a crossed sceptre (stavros), over his head the remains of Greek letters IE (Kitheas) perhaps an abbreviation for Nikiteas, i.e. Aghios Niketas. 120 grams, 64mm (2½"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Ariadne Galleries, New York, USA, 2009.

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Literature See Wamser, L., Die Welt von Byzanz - Europas Ă–stliches Erbe, MĂźnchen, 2004, items 168-185, for type. Footnotes The literary sources, ďŹ rst of all the Book of Ceremonies of Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus, give us much information about the multiple employment of crosses; as crosses for processions, manual crosses, altar crosses, standing crosses, blessing crosses, and crosses located in public spaces. The miniatures in important manuscripts, like the Menologion of Basil II, show in addition that these crosses were often made of precious metal and richly ornamented with jewels and precious stones, or richly engraved with religious images.

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BYZANTINE CROSS ARM WITH SAINT PAUL 8th-12th century AD 156

A bronze cross arm with three circular piercings for attachment; nimbate Saint Paul presented in a roundel; later vertical inscription to the left: ‘? AV ’ Paulo[s]; two rounded terminals at the shoulders of a multi-sided body. 128 grams, 13cm (5"). Fair condition. ÂŁ1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From a private New York collection, acquired in 2012; formerly in a private German collection, since the 1980s.

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BYZANTINE POLYCANDELON FOR ‘ELIAS OF THE CHURCH OF SAINT ROMANUS’ 6th-7th century AD A bronze hanging lamp holder comprising a large openwork central disc fitted with six circular sockets for the stems of glass lamps, three integral loops to the inner rim from which hooks are suspended, large single suspension hook above; inscribed dedication to the inner rim in Greek ‘+ Đ„    Đ„ Đ„   +’, translating to: ‘I, Elias, for the interior of Saint Romanus’; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 1.3 kg total, 42cm including stand (16½"). Fine condition. ÂŁ800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Ex North London gentleman; formerly from an important Mayfair collection; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato.

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Literature See Bailey, D.M., A catalogue of the lamps in the British Museum, IV, Lamps of metal and stone, and lampstands, London, 1996; Wamser L. and Zahlhaas, G., Rom und Byzanz, Archaologischen Kostbarkeiten aus Bayern, MĂźnchen, 1999.

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BYZANTINE LEAD SEAL COLLECTION Mainly 10th-13th century AD A mixed group of discoid lead seals each with monogram to one face and text or nimbate bust to the other. 59 grams total, 21-26mm (1"). Fine condition. [6] ÂŁ400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000s.

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Western Asiatic Also see lots 1242 - 1588

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Lots 159 - 306 59


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LARGE SUMERIAN TEXTILE INDUSTRY DOCUMENT FROM THE TOWN OF UMMA Dated 2042 BC A substantial rectangular clay cuneiform tablet fragment with columns of Sumerian cuneiform script to both faces; supplied with a copy of a three-page (five-sides) report, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which includes the following details: ‘Large Clay Tablet with Sumerian Inscription 194 x 198 mm. This tablet was originally written with 6 columns of Sumerian cuneiform on each side, but as now preserved parts of five columns remain on the obverse, three substantially complete, on the reverse some of all six remains, four substantially complete. This is an administrative document from the town of Umma, from the period of the Third Dynasty of Ur, c. 2070-2020 B.C. It comes from the state textile industry in the town and is an account of the materials and labour used up in this industry presumably over one year. The very end of the document would have had a note explaining such matters, but now it is lost. However, the surviving text gives abundant evidence of the large scale of this industry at the time.’; there follows Lambert’s detailed translation of the quantities of various commodities (e.g. wool, guzza cloth, nilam cloth, etc.) and quantities (shekels, grains, minas, talents, etc.) as well as the labour input of

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the workforce and notation of the year (the great exalted high priestess of heaven was installed); the note concludes ‘As will have been observed, in the middle of column X there is a year name, alluding to the installation of a high priestess. This is the fifth year of Amar-S#n, third king of the Third Dynasty of Ur, c.2042 B.C. That seems to mean that what precedes is referring to that year, while what follows must refer to the following year. While much of this tablet is quite clear, there is also much in need of further research. It is clear that the slave girls (abbreviated here to ‘girls’) used in the textile industry also worked in the fields at some time of year such as harvest when the male labour was insufficient. A tablet of this size is extremely rare, and it is a major document for the social history of the period. The girls were not in fact slaves in the full sense, but were female serfs: tied to their jobs, but free in the time off work.’ 1.7 kg, 19cm (7½"). Very fine condition, fragmentary. Extremely rare. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,610 - 8,810 USD 7,780 - 10,380 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; and accompanied with a copy of a three-page (five-side) report, typed and signed by the Professor; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10145-166086.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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LARGE OLD BABYLONIAN ROYAL CUNEIFORM TABLET 20th-17th century BC A rectangular ceramic block with low-relief cuneiform text to one long face; accompanied by an old scholarly note, handwritten and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘Portion of clay object with cuneiform inscription, probably part of a brick inscription of royal content, c. 2100-1700 B.C.’ 1.4 kg, 32cm (12½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Part of a specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman; examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; this small collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples; accompanied by an original scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham 1970-1993.

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SUMERIAN PICTOGRAPHIC TABLET Circa 3000 BC A rectangular biconvex clay tablet with impressed grid and pictograms to one face; accompanied by a copy of a hand written and signed scholarly note, signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states in reference to this (b) and another tablet (a, see lot below) presented as a pair: ‘Two Pictographic clay tablets (a) 59x49mm mentions 88 sheep (b) 60x47mm. Both administrative documents c.3000 B.C. from Sumer. Condition fair.’ 56.8 grams, 50mm (2"). Fair condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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Provenance Part of a specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman; examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; this small collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples; collection number T1(a); accompanied by a copy of a hand written and signed scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham 1970-1993.

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SUMERIAN PICTOGRAPHIC TABLET Circa 3000 BC A rectangular biconvex clay tablet with impressed grid and pictograms to each face; accompanied by an old scholarly note, signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states in reference to this (a) and another tablet (b, see lot above) presented as a pair: ‘Two Pictographic clay tablets (a) 59x49mm mentions 88 sheep (b) 60x47mm. Both administrative documents c.3000 B.C. from Sumer. Condition fair.’ 43 grams, 59mm (2¼"). Fair condition, repaired. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Part of a specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman; examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; this small collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples; collection number T1(b); accompanied by an original scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham 1970-1993.

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OLD BABYLONIAN CUNEIFORM TABLET OF KING R M-SÎN I

VERY LARGE SUMERIAN KING SHU - SIN ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENT FROM THE TOWN OF UMMA

Dated 1792 BC

Dated circa 2031 BC A pillow-shaped ceramic administrative tablet with impressed cuneiform text to both broad faces; accompanied by an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘Clay tablet, 91x57mm., with 21 lines of Babylonian cuneiform on obverse and reverse. It is an administrative document dated to the 31st year of R m-Sîn I (c.1792 B.C.), king of Larsa, listing 12 men in the employment of some large establishment giving their names on the far right of the column, their professional titles in front of the names, and on the left side two columns with figures for each man, referring to each man. The figures are summarized at the bottom of the list, and the reverse of the tablet gives the date: / year: second after Isin was captured by the exalted weapon of An, Enlil and Enki. / Some damage to the top of the reverse, but most of the writing is preserved.’ 180 grams, 90mm (3½"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Part of a specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman; examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; this small collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

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NEO-SUMERIAN ENISA IN MABGARUM FOUNDATION CONE 1935-1924 BC A ceramic foundation cone with impressed cuneiform inscription recording the erection of a temple at Enisa in Mabgarum; mounted on custom-made stand with explanatory text. 350 grams total, 19cm including stand (7½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired from C.J. Martin (Coins) Ltd in 1997; accompanied by a copy of the original C.J. Martin invoice and information stand.

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A rectangular clay tablet inscribed with 221 lines of Sumerian cuneiform for a monthly list of activities involving copper; accompanied by a copy of a signed scholarly note by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘Clay Tablet 170 x 171 mm, inscribed with a total of 221 lines of Sumerian Cuneiform in 10 columns five on each side. The upper right-hand comer is missing, and the lower right-hand portion is composed of two pieces rejoined with some loss of surface at the joints. However, the greater part of the tablet remains, and is well preserved, being written in a clear scribal hand. This is an administrative document from the town of Umma, in the far south of Sumer, being dated to the 7th year of Shu - Sin, fourth king of the Third Dynasty of Ur, e. 2031 B.C. It is a monthly list of activities involving copper, being dated to the 20 month of the year (April/ May by our calendar). At this time Sumer was bureaucratically run by the central government, and the government dominated many aspects of the economy. Thus metalworking, which depended on imports of ore, was centrally run. The craftsmen were provided with the materials, and they produced the tools and weapons needed for the workers army. But everything had to be recorded in writing, and this document lists the large number of individual small tablets written during this month recording so many of this or that tool of copper, and the name of the responsible person written on the tablet. It is not stated whether these documents record the receipt of finished tools from the craftsmen who made them, or the issue of tools to craftsmen who needed them for daily use. In the ancient world this was too well known to be recorded. Obviously both kinds of documents must have existed, so until there is much more known it is best to leave this matter open. The tablet attests to the vast amount of organised activity in Sumer at this time. TRANSLATION 1 edim. 3 minas; 3 gravers, 2 minas; 3 axes, 2 minas; 3 sickles, 12 minas; document of Lugale bansha 22 hows: 65 sickles, 12 minas; 60 axes: document of Abba gina 120 hoes: 20 sickles: document of Gir 8 hoes: document of Lugal - nisage [...] hoes: 10 sickles: document of Ur-Urra [...] axes, [...] sickles; 3 shekels of silver: document of Lugalitida, forman 12 swickles: document of Agu [..] hoes: [...] sickles: document of Lugal hegal 12 sickles, 80 silas of ritual flour, document of Ur-Nintu 60 hoes;

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10 sickles: document of Irmu, animal - flattener 13 hoes, 65 sickles: document of Sangani 12 sickles. 12 minas: document of Lugal igihush 10 sickles document of A’akalla foreman 17 sickles, 12 minas: document of Shara - amu, foreman 38 sickles: document of Bashaga 1 sheep for the butler, 1 axe, 1½ minas; 120 sickles, 12 minas; document of Ikalla 1 axe, 2 minas; 3 hoes, 2/3 of a mina: document of Ur- Mes, brewer 33 sickles: document of Lu-balasig, potter 4 sickles: document of Dagu 2 sickles: document of Ur- Sin 60 sickles document of Ur- dingiregal 1 talent of copper: document of Ur Numushda 1/3 of a mina of [...]: document of [...] 5[.....]: document of Lu- [.....], chamberlain 6 sickles: document of Ur - Geshtinanaka, chamberlain 60 hoes; 180 sickles document of Ur-Amma, ..... 5 sickles: document of Ur - Amma, son of Nadi 3 sickles: document of Lugal - kuzu, his assistant 60 hoes; 60 sickles: document of Ur-gigir, butler 1 axe, 1½ minas: document of Ur-Amma, builder 60 sickles: document of Ur - Ba[ba] 3 [...] document of A [...], animal-fattener 2 sickles: document of Lugal - azida, his brother (gap of about 6 lines) 1 [...]: document of U[r - ...], son of [...] 29 1/3 minas of [copper]; 1/3 mina of [tin/lead], 10 sickles: document of Ur- [.....] singer 21 [...]: document of [...] 9 [...]; document of Shara - [....] 4 [...]: document of Lugal - azida, assistant 2 sickles: document of Ur- Shara, son of Shehskalla [...] sickles; [...] + 20 hoes: document of Bidugga 1 axe; 2 hoes: document of Nabsha, builder (gap of about 15 lines) [...]; 2 axes: document of Lushaga 2 hoes; 6 sickles; ½ shekel of silver: document of Shara - amu, officer 1 hoes; 2 sickels; ½ shekel of silver: document of Ur- Dingiregal 1 axe [85 sickles]; 2 gur of [barley] flour; 4 gur 180 sila of [....]; 1[...]; 22 minas of [copper]: document of Sheshkalla, son of [....] [....] minas of copper: document of Lugal - E’igizumahe, son of [...] 1 axe: 1 gur of barley flour: document of Lu - Shara, son [...] 1 sickle;½ shekel of silver: document of Magurre 10 [...] [...] (gap of about 15 lines) [...]: document of Ur - Emash, ..... 10 sickles; 2 shekels of silver: document of Ur - Alama 11 (?) [...] (gap of about 2 lines) [...]1 axe: document of Sharakam 60 sickles: document of Ku - Shara 10 sickles; [...] hoes; [...] axes: 3 shekels of silver: document of Sheshklala, son of [...] -... 10 [.....]; document of [...] 1[...]: document of B[idugga] 3 [.....]; document of L[u - ...] 1 [......]; document of [....] (3 lines missing) 1 graver, ½ a mina: document of Sheshkalla, barber 3 sickles: document of Adu, son of L[u-dugg]a 8 [...]; 2 gur of barley: document of Ur- [...] 3 sheep; 2 goats; 1 talent of copper, 1 axe; 2 sickles: document of Lugal - gude, overseer of cattle 9 sickles, document of Lu - sig.... 2 shekels of silver; 10 shekels of tin/lead; 6 shekels of copper: document of Bazige, carpenter 2 gur of barley; 1

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mina of bronze: 1½ minas of copper: document of Asog. carpenter 18 shekels of bronze; ½ mina of copper: document of Lugal - mu’i mu’izu, carpenter 1 sickle document of Ur- [....] 1 sheep; 20 minas of ......:1 1/3 minas of copper, 120 sila of barley: document of Nabasa 18 goats: document of Kugani, his brother 4 sickles; 2 gur of barley flour; 1 sheep: document of Shakuge, gudu - priest 3 sickles: document of Ur - Shulpa’e, administrator 2 sickles: document of Ur- Asalluhe, foreman of the hired men 2 hoes; 1 sickle document of Ur - Ninmugga 1 mina of copper: document of Lugal - kuzu, son of Zanzani 1 hoe: document of Lugal - nilagare, brewer 1 sheep: document of UrHalmudu 2 sickles: document of Lugal - nilagare, .. 1½ shekels of silver: document of the .....s of Lagash 1 gur, 220 sila of goats: document of Lu - zumu 15 minas of copper, document of Gilzan, smith 20 minas of copper: document of Sheshani, smith 1 goldsmith’s ..... 8 minas; 10 minas of copper: document of Lugalemah, smith Continuing check Month: placing the bricks in the mould Year: after the magnificent stele was erected. First, the numerical system used allows the simple numerals such as 1, 2 etc to be either 1, 2 or 60, 120 and I in the lack of any summing up of figures of this type, there is often uncertainty, and our choice of 1 or 60 is always open to reconsideration. Secondly, the professions of the men named as on the documents suggest recipients of tools rather than makers of them in most cases, but not in the case of the smiths. These two points illustrate the amount of work and study needed to gain all the information contained in this text. It is a mine of information, but in need of deep research.’ 1.3 kg, 17 x 17cm (6¾ x 6¾"). Fne condition, repaired. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired 2000 from a UK dealer; acquired by them from an Oxford academic, catalogue number c/1178; examined by the late Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; and accompanied by an original typed and signed three page scholarly note and translation by the Professor; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10165-166487.

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BABYLONIAN MATHEMATICAL MULTIPLICATION TABLET

SUMERIAN HYMN TO THE SUN GOD UTU BILINGUAL CUNEIFORM TABLET

2000-1600 BC

1900-1700 BC A clay exercise tablet with a mathematical multiplication table; accompanied by a copy of a handwritten scholarly note, which states: ‘2. Babylonian Clay Tablet. 100mm x 54mm. A mathematical multiplication table on each side, in sexagesimal notation. The obverse is a table for 45 and the reverse is for 145,600. Factors are given up to 50. Having two tables on one tablet is very unusual. The script is small and neat, but this is still properly described as an exercise tablet, though clearly by a proficient scribe. Old Babylonian, ca 2000-1600 BC. Excellent condition.’ 203 grams, 10cm (4"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market in 1998; formerly from an old London collection; accompanied by an unsigned re-written scholarly note, the original possibly by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993.

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LARGE OLD BABYLONIAN PRIVATE LEGAL CONTRACT WITH OATH BY THE GODS ADAD AND MARDUK, AND THE KING, SAMSU-ILUNA 1749-1712 BC A large clay legal document with Akkadian cuneiform text containing names of witnesses and several seal impressions; accompanied by a scholarly note, which states: ‘Old Babylonian private legal document in Akkadian, a contract of uncertain nature. Nineteen witnesses are named, including the scribe. Part of the envelope is preserved, mentioning that a the (sic) parties to the contract took an oath by the gods Adad and Marduk, and the king, Samsu-iluna. Names of the witnesses then follow. There are several impressions tof (sic) the cylinder-seals of the people involved. From s. Iraq. Dated to the 5th month of year 6 of Samsu-iluna, king of Babylon (1749-1712 BC).’ 345 grams, 13.3cm (5¼"). Fair condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market in 1998; formerly from an old London collection; believed examined by the late Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; and accompanied by a copy of a typed and unsigned scholarly note, the original possibly written by the Professor.

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A part of a clay tablet containing a Sumerian hymn to the sun god Utu with a Babylonian translation; accompanied by a typed and signed scholarly note by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘Portion of Clay Tablet, 72 x 65 mm., with Bilingual Literary Text. This is part of a four-column tablet of Old Babylonian date, c. 1900-1700 B.C. Some 13 lines of Column I remain, from the middle of the column, nothing of Column II, only the first sign or two of some 12 lines of Column III (on the reverse) and 12 lines of Column IV. The text is part of a Sumerian hymn to the sun-god Utu, with Babylonian translation. Only columns I and IV can be translated: Column I: Utu, might warrior among mankind, king, bison who strides along in the land, Utu, bison, who strides along in the land [... Column IV ... creation of Enlil which is put at his feet, Utu .... and built his temple. The temple which he established was not destroyed. [.......] of Ningal [ ... This is addition to the small number of Old Babylonian bilingual literary texts. Sumerian was mainly used in learning at this time, though Babylonian was the normal spoken language on the streets. Thus scribal schools normally copied out Sumerian literary texts, and only rarely was a translation into the vernacular provided. But this is one of such. So far it seems that there is no other duplicate copy known of this text, but with further discoveries and study other copies may turn up and allow more complete text to be established.’ 173 grams, 71mm (2¾"). Fair condition, repaired. Excessively rare. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market in 1998; formerly from an old London collection; accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note and translation by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993 and also a copy of an earlier unsigned note for this tablet.

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SUMERIAN CUNEIFORM TABLET WITH ROYAL HYMN BY ENHEDU’ANNA, A DAUGHTER OF THE GREAT KING SARGON OF AKKAD 1900-1700 BC A clay tablet containing a forty-one line extract from a Royal hymn, which claims to be written by En&edu'anna, a daughter of the great king Sargon of Akkad; accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed

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scholarly note by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Clay Tablet, 102 x 55 mm., with Section of Sumerian Royal Hymn. This tablet is joined from two pieces with a little loss of text at the break and also due to other damage. However, of the 41 lines of cuneiform script which it contains, the majority are complete and legible. The tablet has a 40-line extract from a hymn which claims to be written by En&edu'anna, a daughter of the great king Sargon of Akkad (c. 22352279 B.C.). The total composition consists of 153 lines, and this tablet gives lines 40-79. This tablet is Old Babylonian, c. 1900-1700 B,C., and after the extract has a single line giving a date, but only the day of the month remains. En&edu'anna is claimed as author of quite a few Sumerian texts which survive, and though it is always possible that she employed professional scribes to compose the texts, the very personal matter in some of them does give the impression that they do in fact reflect her thoughts. This hymn is usually known today, as it was in the ancient world by the first phrase, Nin-me-sharra, 'Lady of all the cosmic regulations.' It is in fact is (sic) praise of the goddess Inanna. En&edu'anna was appointed by her father to be high priestess of Nanna, moon-god of Ur, and she held that post for a long time, until the reign of her nephew Nar#m-Sîn, but in a rebellion against Nar#m-Sîn Ur was led by a man Lugal-anne, and according to this hymn he deposed En&edu'anna from her office, which is not surprising. Translation [Lady] who makes glad the [reins], lady [who makes rejoice] the heart, Whose anger is not appeased, the daughter of [Sîn,] the great one, Lady who excels over the land, who has [refused] you worship? In the mountain where you worship is withheld, grain is taboo, Its (the mountain's) great gate you have turned to ashes. Its rivers bear blood for you: its people have nothing to drink. It leads to you its army captive, Its troops break up for you of their own accord. Its strong young men [go before you] of their own accord. A storm has taken over[the city's] dancing, The men and domestic animals are driven before you as captives. Over the city of which it was not said, 'The land is yours,' Of which it was not spoken, 'It belongs to the father who begat you,' You have uttered your holy command, [have turned it back from your way], [Have caused] your foot [to be removed] from its animal pens. Its women [do not speak] pleasantly with their husbands, By night they do not confer [in love], [They do not reveal] the holy things of their bodies. Aggressive wild cow, [daughter of Sîn the great one], Lady superior to An, [who has refused your worship?] One of the right cosmic regulations, great lady [of ladies,] Who came forth from the holy womb, [superior to] the mother[who bore you], Extremely wise one, lady of the lands, Life of the abundant peoples, let me [chant] your holy song! Faithful deity, fitted for the cosmic regulations, It is magnificent to speak of you with power! Merciful, truly pure of heart, let me speak of your cosmic regulations. I enter my holy

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sanctum, I, high priestess, I En&edu'anna, I carry the basket, I sing the hymn, But now [I am put] in the retreat and have to live thus. The light is extinguished, the day is darkened, Shadows come near, the storm covers (everything). My honeyed mouth speaks confusion, My pleasant disposition has turned to dust. Sîn, what is this Lugal-anne to me? Speak to An that An may release me, You must [say] to An, 'Now!' [that An may release me.] [This woman will despoil the manhood of Lugal]-anne. [Mountain and flood lie at her] feet. [That woman is] exalted, [she will make the city abandon him.] [Month ....], 18th day, [year .....] This is an important new addition to the textual history of this fascinating personal hymn said to have been written by the king's own daughter.' 168 grams, 10.1cm (4"). Fair condition, repaired. Excessively rare. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired 2000 from a UK dealer; acquired by them from an Oxford academic, catalogue number c/1178; examined by the late Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; and accompanied a copy of a typed and unsigned two page scholarly note and translation by the Professor.

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SUMERIAN CUNEIFORM TABLET 4th-3rd millennium BC A clay tablet containing columns of cuneiform text to three sides, possibly a letter or a contract; accompanied by a scholarly note issued by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham 1970-1993, which states: ‘Sumerian Cuneiform Clay Tablet. Clay-circa 65 x 60 mm. Part of a letter on a tapering tablet, circa 10 columns of text preserved on the recto, a further three continuing over the edge onto the verso, while further lines of text on the verso are concealed by a fragment of a clay envelope which suggests that the tablet was a letter or contract which was sealed. A clean break across the tablet is repaired.’ 121 grams, 66mm (2½"). Fair condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market in 1998; formerly from an old London collection; believed examined by the late Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; and accompanied by a copy of a typed and unsigned scholarly note.

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BABYLONIAN LAND TRANSACTION TABLET Dated August/September 1803 BC A pillow-shaped clay tablet with cuneiform text concerning the division of a big tract of land between two men, accompanied by a typed scholarly note by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Clay Tablet, 96 x 53 mm., with 35 Lines of Cuneiform Script on Obverse, Reverse and Upper Edge. This is an Old Babylonian legal document dated to the reign of Rîm-Sîn I of Larsa, to the 6th month of the 20th year, c. August/September 1803 B.C. It concerns the division of a big tract of open land between two men: Translation The land, all there is, open country and uncultivated land: Sîn-magir and Eteyatum are dividing it equally. That near (the town) Imgur-Nanna is the share of Eteyatum. That near (the town) Bari-..... is the share of Sîn-magir. One (of these two men) may not raise any claim (in this matter) against the other. They took an oath by (the gods) Marduk and Shamash, and by RîmSîn the king. Before Ili-ishme'anni Before Ubayatum, the seal-cutter Before Sîn-ludlul, the night watchman Before Nanna-igidu, the merchant banker Before Imgur-Damu Before Mânum, the seal-cutter Before Ali-illati, the seal-cutter Before Ili-awîli, the seal-cutter Before Img!'a, the seal-cutter Before T#ribum, the seal-cutter Before Iliyatum, the seal-cutter Before Ili-iddinam, the night-watchman Before Sîn-apil .... Before Nanna-manba Before Hazirum, the merchant banker Before Mutum-ilum Before Sîn-ishme'anni, the merchant banker Before Illuku Before Mahnu-B#bilim, the royal herald. Seals of the Witnesses, the elders. Month: work of Inanna Year: by the mighty weapon which Enlil gave him, he destroyed D!rum. The tablet is joined from two pieces, and there is a little loss of surface on both sides, but most of the text is preserved and legible. On the left-hand and lower edges cylinder seals have been rolled to give the seal inscription, but these are too feint to be read with certainty. But they are seals of some of the witnesses, as indicated at the end of the list of witnesses. The document in form is a typical Old Babylonian legal text: a short statement of what was being done, followed by witnesses and the date. But it is entirely unusual for its content. Two men are dividing up unused land only defined by nearness to two named small towns. Babylonia contained much land suitable in principle for agriculture, but it only had use if it was irrigated, which involved massive public works to dig the irrigation canals and ditches and to maintain them as the annual flood rose. And when this work was done and functioning irrigation was in place, all the land was carefully surveyed and let out for use with full specification of areas. But in this case no such measurements are given, and the division rests on proximity to two small towns. This is entirely unusual. Equally unusual is the list of witnesses, nineteen in total, a much larger number than

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usual, implying some matter of more than normal importance, and the professions of the witnesses seem to be without parallel. Of the nineteen seven are seal-cutters, three are merchant bankers, and two are night-watchmen. One, the last, is the king's heralds. The night watchmen were probably the equivalent of senior police officers today. Such a big concentration of important people implies some major matter. As usual, the document was not intended to satisfy our curiosity, and one can only speculate. All the unused land outside the irrigated areas seems to have been crown property in principle. One may then suggest that in this case two men who had together somehow got a lease on a big piece of such land decided to divide it and have half each. Perhaps they obtained the lease in order to develop an irrigation system by their private means, and to take the profits if it was successful. The document is an important one for economic history.' 171 grams, 96mm (3¾"). Very fine condition, repaired. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market in 1998; formerly from an old London collection; examined by the late Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; and accompanied by an original typed two page unsigned scholarly note and translation by the Professor.

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WESTERN ASIATIC CUNEIFORM TABLET FOR OFFERINGS TO THE GOD SHULPA’E FROM THE PALACE OF KI’AN Dated circa 2054 BC A rectangular administrative clay tablet with thirteen lines of cuneiform, accompanied by a copy of typed scholarly note by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘Clay tablet inscribed with 13 lines of Sumerian on obverse and reverse, the obverse being damaged. Administrative document recording quantities of barley and barley flour for offerings to the god Shul[pa’e], coming from the palace Ki’an. Dated to the 9th month of the 41st year of Shulgi, second king of the Third Dynasty of Ur, c. 2054 B.C., from Umma, a Sumerian town near the Gulf.’ 18.9 grams, 31mm (1¼"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market in 1992; examined by the late Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; and accompanied by a copy of a typed and unsigned scholarly note by the late Professor.

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OLD BABYLONIAN MULTIPLICATION TABLET 2000-1600 BC A ceramic pillow-shaped tablet containing an impressed multiplication table for 18 to one face, accompanied by a copy of a handwritten scholarly note, which states: 'M. Multiplication Table. 104mm x 43mm. Old Babylonian Period, Ca. 2000-1600 BC. A multiplication table for 18, running from factors 1 to 20 then for 30, 40, and 50. In the Babylonian sexagesimal numbering system this represents all that one needs to calculate any multiple up to factors of the base, 60.' 130 grams, 10.4cm (4"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] ÂŁ400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market in 1998; formerly from an old London collection; accompanied by a copy of a re-written and unsigned scholarly note, the original believed written by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993.

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NORTHERN MIDDLE INDO-ARYAN BASALT TABLET WITH BRAHMI INSCRIPTION 3rd-1st century BC A rectangular basalt tablet inscribed with two lines of Brahmi(?) characters to the obverse reading thite sobhu (of the auspicious lunar day) and four iterations of the numeral ‘15’, single large character tha (or thu, the) to the reverse. 81 grams, 49mm (2"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] ÂŁ600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly acquired on the Jersey art market in 1999; ex Simon Digby (1932-2010) collection; accompanied by a copy of a typed and unsigned scholarly note.

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WESTERN ASIATIC OSTRACON TABLET 4th century AD A ceramic rectangular ostracon, Greek demotic inscription reading:  (couple) /  () MODIOY (a modios of wine) / T     (of three with)... / E I I N E (with what the)...ENE /  (greetings); mounted on a custom-made frame. 104 grams total, 10.2cm including stand (4"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] ÂŁ400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly part of the Sir Thomas Phillips Collection, 1860. Literature See Tait, H., Greek Ostraca in the Bodleian Library at Oxford and various other Collections, London, 1930; La’da, C. and Rubinstein L., ‘Greek Ostraca from Pselkis’ in Zeitschrift fĂźr Papyrologie und Epigraphik, Bd. 110, 1996, pp.135155.

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VERY LARGE SUMERIAN SHELL CYLINDER SEAL Jemdet Nasr Period, 3100-2900 BC A very large cylinder seal carved from shell; the incuse design depicts a bird in flight, a diminutive running quadruped and dots in the field; sold with a custom-made case created to look like a leather-bound book. 325 grams total including case, 78mm (3"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Bonhams, London, 22 April 1999, lot 488; accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages and old dealer’s ticket.

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For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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SUMERIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH CONTEST SCENE Early Dynastic III, 2500-2400 BC A white marble cylinder seal with a contest scene, accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘Cylinder Seal of White Marble, 24.5 x 16 mm. A contest scene is shown: two rearedup lions with bodies crossed are menacing two reared-up horned animals. A quadruped on a flying leap serves as a terminal. This is a Sumerian seal, c. 2500-2400 B.C., from the Early Dynastic III period. It is deeply engraved and well preserved, a nice example of its type.’ 8.52 grams, 24mm (1"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s, item number 8; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

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SYRIAN BRONZE CYLINDER SEAL WITH HORNED BEASTS 31st-30th century BC A bronze cylinder seal, drilled vertically for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘The design consists of a frieze of four walking horned animals, one squeezed in a space hardly sufficient for it. There is a big cross above the back of one of these animals. This comes from Syria and dates to c. 3000 BC. It is in extremely good condition for ancient bronze.’ 32.7 grams, 23mm (1"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number R-128; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; accompanied by an original typed and signed scholarly note by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert.

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NEO-ASSYRIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH FIRE-ALTAR, NIMBATE DEITY, ISHTAR AND NABU

Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number T-122; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; accompanied by an original typed and signed scholarly note by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert.

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AKKADIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH DEITY AND WORSHIPPERS 2200-2100 BC A large limestone cylinder seal with a deity and worshippers; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham 1970-1993, which states: ‘Cylinder Seal of Mottled Brown Stone, 34 x 21 mm. On the right sits on an angular stool a deity, marked as such by the horned tiara. He (or she) wears a long robe to the ankles, and is extending one hand. Facing the deity are two identically depicted human worshippers. They are bare-headed, and wear similar long robes, and each raises one hand while holding the other at the waist. In the sky is the lunar crescent, and a star on a stand serves as a terminal. This is a Late Akkadian seal from Babylonia, c. 2200-2100 B.C. It is a very large example of its type, and in fine state of preservation. The purpose of the scene was to show the seal owner and his friend or wife approaching their god. The depiction was meant to ensure that the god did not forget the worshipper.’ 24.8 grams, 34mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s, item number 10; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

10th-8th century BC

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A black limestone cylinder seal, drilled vertically for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘On the right stands a deity in fancy hat and long robe with deep fringe, with a large nimbus around the body. Facing this deity on the left is a worshipper, bare-headed but in a similar robe, one hand up and the other extended. Between the two figures is a fire-altar, with flames rising from it. A star above a cuneiform wedge (symbols of the goddess Ishtar and the god Nabu respectively) form the terminal. This is a Neo-Assyrian seal, c. 900-750 B.C., from Northern Mesopotamia or Syria. Save for a little damage to the upper edge it is in very good condition.’ 6.47 grams, 27mm (1"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

2nd-1st millennium BC

Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number 912; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; and accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by the Professor.

13th-10th century BC

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OLD BABYLONIAN CYLINDER SEAL FOR AMURRU, SON OF AN 19th-16th century BC A haematite cylinder seal, drilled vertically for suspension, accompanied by a museum-quality impression and an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘The

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design shows two standing facing figures. On the left is the shepherd god Amurru, in short clothes to the knees, and holding up his crook. He is wearing a pointed hat. On the right is a worshipper with bare head and wearing short clothes, one hand hanging down. Between the two is a vertical row of animals: a winged sphynx at the top, a lion beneath, and beneath that two unclear quadrupeds. A two-line inscription in Sumerian cuneiform names the god: Amurru, son of An. This is an Old Babylonian seal, c. 1900-1600 BC. It is rare for its details, probably without parallel, but the art is crude and the bottom is chipped.’ 9 grams, 24mm (1"). Fine condition, chipped. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH WORSHIP SCENE

A haematite cylinder seal with incuse worship scenes; pierced vertically for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 7.16 grams, 21mm (¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a specialised collection of seals formed in the 1980s which were examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s.

183

WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH DEITY FIGHTING ANIMALS

A black limestone cylinder seal, drilled vertically for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘In the middle of the design stands a god or hero, wearing a robe with a winged solar disc resting on his head. In each hand he is holding off a rearing winged quadruped. A terminal is formed of a crescent above a stand with unidentified object rising from the stand. This comes from Syria or Anatolia and dates to c. 1200-1000 B.C. It is a rare type, but crude in execution. It is in quite good condition.’ 9.7 grams, 26mm (1"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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185 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number V-372; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; and accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by the Professor.

184

ASSYRIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH WORSHIPPING SCENE 900-750 BC

cities. It is somewhat worn, but the design remains very clear.’ 13.1 grams, 34mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s, item number 46; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

185 A carved fossiliferous limestone cylinder seal with a worshipping scene; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘Cylinder Seal of Black/Green Stone, 34.5 x 15 mm. The scene consists of three main figures, all standing and wearing the same long fringed robes, but the two on the right racing left have a horn at the front of their hairbands, while the one figure facing right lacks this pointer. Thus the middle figure is a god (bearded!), and the figure on the right is a goddess (not bearded). The two deities both raise one hand, and hold something in the other. The god holds a rod-like object, thicker at the ends than in the middle. The goddess holds a nearly semi-circular object with close lines over it, as if a small musical instrument. The facing figure on the left is the human worshipper, raising one hand with index finger extended, holding out the other hand with palm cupped. A terminal is formed of star above the spade of Marduk. Also in the sky are the lunar crescent and eight dots (not the usual seven). The two styluses of Nebû, a rhomb, and sundry shapes fill spaces. This is a Neo-Assyrian seal, c. 900-750 B.C., but possibly from the Assyrian empire rather than from one of the capital

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

JEMDET NASR CYLINDER SEAL WITH POTS 4th-3rd millennium BC A red stone cylinder seal, pierced vertically for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘The design is a pattern based on pots with round bellies and two handles. Six pairs of such pots arranged tête bêche with a ladderpattern between each pair form the design. This is a Jemdet Nasr seal from Mesopotamia, c. 3000 B.C. It is in generally good condition. The pots are engraved entirely with the drill, the ladder pattern, probably representing mats, with the graver.’ 8.22 grams,16mm (¾"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number 3102; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; and accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by the Professor.

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JEMDET NASR TYPE CYLINDER SEAL WITH SEATED WOMEN WITH PIGTAILS AND POTS

WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH EROTIC MARRIAGE SCENE

31st-30th century BC

16th-10th century BC

A large brown stone cylinder seal, drilled vertically for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘The seal shows a frieze of four seated women with pigtails, one raised on a small platform, the others on the ground. Each is holding a pot in her raised hands, and other pots appear below those. The pots vary in type: some have two handles, others a spout. This is a Jemdet Nasr seal from Sumer, c. 3000 B.C. It is engraved with drill and graver, and is in good condition.’ 26 grams, 24mm (1"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

A large black serpentine seal, drilled vertically for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘The design shows a man with arms raised and hands stretched out walking to the left. The other major item is also apparently human, but perhaps a woman (breasts indicated) also raising her hands and arms, but squatting. The remaining space is taken up with a ball-staff, a wheel, three snakes and a dot. This is an Anatolian seal, c. 15001000 B.C. It is a large specimen with a rare and interesting design, which is deeply cut. The edges have ruling around them and have been recessed. The seal is in good condition. The man is apparently in a state of erection, and the posture of the woman may indicate that this is a scene of sacred marriage.’ 33.2 grams, 41mm (1½"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number 1506; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; and accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by the Professor.

187

URARTU CYLINDER AND STAMP SEAL 9th-7th century BC A black jasper cylinder seal with integral suspension loop; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘Stamp/cylinder seal of dark-brown stone. The cylinder of this piece has a roughly flat base and sides which curve inwards very slightly to the top, where a pierced lug with grooves over its top served for carrying the seal on a string or wire. The design around the sides shows a bull or other such horned animal being attacked by two lions: one from behind clawing its rump, while the one in front is rearing on its hind legs while its front paws are splayed. Three rosettes appear as fillers within the design. On the base a recumbent ibex is shown, with a script symbol above its back. A linear pattern runs along the top of the sides. This seal comes from ancient Urartu, a kingdom based on Lake Van, c. 800-650 B.C. It is a nice example of the art of this kingdom, and is in very good condition.’ 10.4 grams, 31mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983; accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note, by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993.

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WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH ABSTRACT DESIGN 3rd millennium BC A large limestone cylinder seal with abstract design; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham 1970-1993, which states: ‘Cylinder Seal of Cream Stone with Grey Flecks, 29 x 25 mm. The design consists of an abstract pattern of cuts and holes, the cuts often beginning and ending in points. While here and there one may thing (sic) a horned quadruped is meant, generally it is safer to accept that it is genuinely abstract. The seal is from Syria or Anatolia, and dates to c. 3000 B.C. Such seals are known, but are rare, and this one is in fine state of preservation. It is also unusually large for the type and period.’ 27.4 grams, 29mm (1"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s, item number 1; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

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Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number 9001; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; and accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by the Professor.

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OLD BABYLONIAN LOOPED CYLINDER SEAL WITH KING 20th-16th century BC A rock crystal columnar cylinder seal with frieze of figures in flounced skirts with arms raised above a fire altar(?), cross pattee to the base; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 9.7 grams, 26mm (1"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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WESTERN ASIATIC LOOPED CYLINDER SEAL WITH WINGED MONSTERS 1st millennium BC A jasper columnar cylinder seal with integral loop, frieze of winged gryphons and clumps of rushes(?); accompanied by a museumquality impression. 8.26 grams, 30mm (1¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL GROUP WITH HERO, ARCHER, ANIMALS AND GEOMETRIC DESIGNS 31st-8th century BC A mixed group of cylinder seals, serpentine (1), limestone (3), drilled vertically for suspension; each is accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘Seal of black stone. The design on this seal is a pattern of lines and shapes. In the middle is a frieze of two rhombs containing a dot within circle, and above and below are filling strokes derived from this frieze, with a dot and horizontal strokes at the end. This comes from either Iran or west central Asia and dates to c.3000 B.C. It is related to the Sumerian Jemdet Nasr style. It has one rubbed portion on one side at one end, but otherwise it is in very good condition. (U-110)’; ‘Seal of black stone. A contest scene is shown. In the middle is a hero on one knee fighting off a lion sitting on its back side behind him, and a similarly seated winged quadruped in front of him, with a bush between them. There is a star in the sky, and a bird on the wing(?) is a filler. There is a one-

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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line cuneiform inscription: dutu=Shamesh (the sun-god) This is an Old Babylonian seal, c.1900-1600 B.C. In detail it is an unusual design, but it is worn. (U-376)’; ‘Seal of grey-green stone. The design shows a standing archer in human form but winged aiming at a composite creature in front of him: a bird’s legs and body, but human head and wings. There is a crescent, a star, a wedge and other fillers. The design is put between upper and lower bands of chevrons. This is a Neo-Assyrian seal, c.900-750 B.C. It is a fine example of its kind, but is very worn, especially at the bottom. (U-664)’; ‘Seal of black/green stone. The design consists of a frieze of three walking horned quadrupeds with horizontal lines above them. This is a seal in the Sumerian Jemdet Nasr style, c.3000 B.C., from Mesopotamia

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

or neighbouring area. The design is clear but the stone is worn.(V897)’; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 32 grams, 16-36mm (½ - 1½"). Fine condition. [4] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number V-110, V-376, V-664, V-897; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; and accompanied by four copies of a typed and signed scholarly notes by the Professor.

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EASTERN ANATOLIAN AMULET WITH DOUBLE-HEADED PAZUZU 10th-8th century BC A bronze cylinder seal, accompanied by a museum-quality impression and an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘The top part of this object is a double-head of a Pazuzu demon with loop on top. Below is the seal. The sides show a standing figure in long robe raising one hand. Before him is a sacred tree below a rhomb. In front of the tree is a recumbent animal with huge horns done in dots, and before the animal a crescent on a stand below a star. The base shows a winged solar disc. This seal comes from eastern Anatolia and dates to c. 900-700 BC. It is an interesting piece and in very good condition for bronze.’ 10.2 grams, 37mm (1¾"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number 2032; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; accompanied by an original typed and signed scholarly note by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert.

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WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH WORSHIP SCENE 2nd-1st millennium BC A jasper cylinder seal with incuse worship scenes; pierced vertically for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 5.73 grams, 21mm (¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a specialised collection of seals formed in the 1980s which were examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s.

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WESTERN ASIATIC BLACK STEATITE CYLINDER SEAL

Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s, item number 1805; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

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MESOPOTAMIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH TWO REGISTERS 3rd millennium BC A small black jasper cylinder seal, segmented surface with double register and guilloche panel; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 2.33 grams, 14mm (½"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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OLD BABYLONIAN CYLINDER SEAL FOR SON OF DINGIRDUGGANI 19th-16th century BC A cylinder seal of black jasper with green inclusions, pierced vertically for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘The design consists of three-line cuneiform inscription with a Lamma goddess in horned tiara and long flounced robe raising both hands towards the inscription. Before the left-hand Lamma there is a double-lion-headed mace, and a single-lion-headed standard. The inscription identifies the ancient seal owner: [....] / [so]n of Dingirduggani, / servant of (the god) Nergal. This is an Old Babylonian seal, c. 1900-1600 BC. It is a nicely cut seal.’ 12 grams, 30mm (1¼"). Fine condition, chipped. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number W-26; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; accompanied by an original typed and signed scholarly note by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert.

21st-20th century BC 199 A black stone cylinder seal, drilled vertically for suspension; the design comprises a frieze of human figures standing right, each flanked by stylised birds and sideways quadrupeds; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 2.3 grams, 20mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a central London gallery; previously in a private collection.

196

WESTERN ASIATIC INSCRIBED CYLINDER SEAL OF ABARA 2300-2000 BC A jasper cylinder seal with a worshipper before a cuneiform inscription, monster behind; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham 1970-1993, which states: ‘Cylinder Seal of Cream Stone, 28 x 17. On the left stands a monster: body of a bull, talons of a bird of prey, wings, and a brush tail. Its head is down and its tongue projects. On the right is a standing worshipper, wearing a long robe with bottom fringe, holding a kid over one shoulder and raising the other hand. There is a cuneiform inscription between the two main items, and a star in the sky. The inscription reads: kiib a-bar-a agab Seal of Abara, leather worker. This is a seal from northern Mesopotamia or Syria, c. 23002000 B.C. It is a little worn, but the design remains clear. The inscription was put on by a craftsman who was illiterate, so that some signs are not the right way round.’ 13 grams, 28mm (1"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

JEMDET NASR CYLINDER SEAL WITH STANDING WOMEN 3rd millennium BC A limestone cylinder seal divided in three sections, each with a standing woman; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham 1970-1993, which states: ‘Cylinder Seal of Brown Stone, 21 x 20 mm. The engraved surface is divided into three sections by deep vertical grooves, in each of which is a row of large dots. The three panels are each decorated with a standing woman, with long pigtail, wearing a robe to below the knees, and holding out both arms. This is a Jemdet Nasr seal, c. 3000 B.C., from Sumer or south-west Iran. It is in very good condition, though there is some incrustation, which could be removed. The design is one of the less common Jemdet Nasr designs.’ 14.1 grams, 21mm (¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s, item number 1902; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

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MITANNIAN JASPER CYLINDER SEAL WITH HUMAN AND ANIMAL SCENE 2nd millennium BC A jasper cylinder seal with frieze of profile human figures and animals; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 3.31 grams, 18mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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NEO-ASSYRIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH BULL MOUNTING SUCKLING COW

WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH LIONS AND BULLS FIGHTING

10th-7th century BC

24th-20th century BC

A brown limestone seal, drilled vertically for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘The scene shows a bull mounting a cow that is giving suck to its young as the farmer, wearing a kilt, stands in front steadying the cow. There are two stars and a crescent in the sky, a tree in front of the farmer and the spade-symbol behind him. Five dots fill the space above the bull’s body. This is a Neo-Assyrian seal in the linear style, c. 900-700 B.C. It is one of the rarer designs, and very well engraved, though there is a little wear on the surface and some touching up.’ 13 grams, 33mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

A brown and black limestone cylinder seal, drilled vertically for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘The design consists of a lion standing on its hind legs and gripping the backs of two rearing bulls which face away from it. In the sky there is a linear device of triangular form. This comes from west central Asia and is in an extremely rare style and so difficult to date. Most probably it dates to c. 2300-2000 B.C. It is finely engraved and in excellent state of preservation.’ 9.79 grams, 25mm (1"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number 4062; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; and accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by the Professor.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number R-437; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; and accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by the Professor.

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WESTERN ASIATIC ERLENMEYER CYLINDER SEAL COLLECTION 3rd-2nd millennium BC

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NEO-BABYLONIAN STAMP SEAL WITH KING 7th-6th century BC

A group of three jasper and one limestone cylinder seals, each accompanied by a museum-quality impression, comprising: Old Syrian type with ploughing scene; Old Syrian type with presentation scene; Ur III type with Lamma goddess and worshipper; Levantine type with standing figure and beast. 13.7 grams total, 16-20mm (¾"). Fine condition. [4] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Bonhams, London, 1 December 1999, lot 243; previously in the Erlenmeyer collection; accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages.

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WESTERN ASIATIC ERLENMEYER CYLINDER SEAL COLLECTION 4th-3rd millennium BC A group of cylinder seals, each accompanied by a museum-quality impression, comprising: Jemdet Nasr pink stone type, standing animal and tree; Syrian black jasper type with stag and gazelle; Late Akkadian calcite type with bird and two horned beasts; chalcedony type with hunting scene of a bowman, tree and stag. 30 grams total, 19-37mm (¾ - 1½"). Fine condition. [4] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Bonhams, London, 1 December 1999, lot 230; previously in the Erlenmeyer collection; accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages. Literature Cf. the first item in Erlenmeyer, M.-L., and Erlenmeyer, H., CervidenDarstellungen auf altorientalischen and ägäischen Siegeln. I’Orientalia, Nova Series, vol.25, 1956, pl.XXVI, no.54 and p.151.

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WESTERN ASIATIC ERLENMEYER CYLINDER SEAL COLLECTION 1st millennium BC A group of three haematite cylinder seals, each accompanied by a museum-quality impression, comprising: Syrian type with drinking scene and rider; Old Babylonian type with three standing figures; one with seated figure and armed guard. 12.5 grams total, 20-21mm (¾"). Fine condition. [3] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Bonhams, London, 1 December 1999, lot 244; previously in the Erlenmeyer collection; accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages.

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OLD BABYLONIAN SEAL WITH KING 20th-16th century BC An agate octagonal-section tapering stamp seal with intaglio standing robed figure and star; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 11.4 grams, 26mm (1"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £350 - 450 EUR 390 - 500 USD 450 - 580 Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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LATE BABYLONIAN STAMP SEAL WITH KING FACING A WINGED GOD 7th-6th century BC A tapering jasper domed stamp seal engraved with robed king facing a lamassu, the shaft also engraved with an advancing lamassu with head facing; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 19.8 grams, 28mm (1"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

A chalcedony facetted stamp seal with incuse figure of a king standing with arms raised; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 7.84 grams, 23mm (1"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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BABYLONIAN ROCK CRYSTAL STAMP SEAL WITH SYMBOLS OF MARDUK AND NABU 7th-5th century BC A rock crystal conoid stamp seal pierced for suspension, accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘This has a convex octagonal face and high sides that rise vertically to a round top, below which it is pierced. The face has a design of two rearing, facing horned animals. On one side there is a second design: on a base-line: a recumbent mushussu-monster, a mixture of lion and snake, and from its back rise the spade, symbol of the god Marduk, and the stylus, symbol of the god Nabu. This is a late Babylonian seal, c.600-450 B.C. but possibly made in Syria. The design on the face is rare, but not unknown elsewhere, and a second design on the side is also rare. However, the seal is worn and chipped’. 8.3 grams, 29mm (1"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From an important private UK collection, acquired from Christie’s, London, 25 April 2001, lot 464; accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note, by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993 and by copies of the relevant Christie’s catalogue pages.

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BABYLONIAN CHALCEDONY STAMP SEAL WITH MUSHUSSUMONSTER 7th-4th century BC A blue-grey chalcedony stamp seal, pierced laterally towards the top for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘This is a conoid with oval convex face...the face shows a worship scene: a man in a long robe standing holding up one hand to a stand on which lies the mushussu-monster, part lion part snake, on the back of which rise the spade, symbol of the god Marduk, and two styluses, symbol of the god Nabu. There is a lunar crescent in the sky and a two-sign cuneiform inscription behind the man. This is a late Babylonian seal, c. 600-350 B.C. from Mesopotamia or southwest Iran. The inscription consists of two signs: ‘AN DUH X DUH’ and is well known on the Late Babylonian stamp seals, but the second sign is unknown outside these seal inscriptions. The most probable explanation, based on related seal inscriptions, is that it means: ‘cause him to have a god’ which means ‘make him successful’, a personal god bring success. The head of the standing figure is chipped, otherwise this seal is in very good condition, an is large for its type.’ 11.2 grams, 23mm (1"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983; accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note, by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993.

Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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NEO-BABYLONIAN STAMP SEAL WITH KING 7th-6th century BC An agate scaraboid stamp seal with intaglio standing robed figure with arms raised, objects in the field; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 4.09 grams, 18mm (¾"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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WESTERN ASIATIC SCARABOID STAMP SEAL WITH WINGED GOD 1st millennium BC A white jasper scaraboid stamp seal with intaglio profile figure in tiered ankle-length robe with wings and headdress; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 6.59 grams, 21mm (1"). Fair condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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ANATOLIAN GABLE SEAL WITH STAG 5th-3rd millennium BC A bronze rectangular gable seal, engraved with a standing stag among fronds; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 28.4 grams, 29mm (1"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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MESOPOTAMIAN STAMP SEAL WITH DOGS Circa 3000 BC A Jemdet Nasr/Uruk period fine large red jasper plano-convex stamp seal with intaglio scene of two dogs running. 24.5 grams, 36mm (1½"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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MESOPOTAMIAN DUCK STAMP SEAL 800-500 BC A carved agate stamp seal in the form of a sleeping duck, underside with a winged quadruped; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham 1970-1993, which states: ‘Stamp Seal of Whitish Stone with some Inclusions, 13 x 20 x 17.5 mm. This has the form of a sleeping duck with head and neck resting over the body. It is pierced under the neck. The design on the base consists of a walking winged quadruped with head turned backwards. This is an ancient Mesopotamian seal, c. 800-500 B.C. It is a nice example of its kind and in very good condition. The design was cut entirely with the wheel.’ 6.32 grams, 20mm (¾"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s, item number R-917; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

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SASSANIAN CARNELIAN STAMP SEAL WITH FEMALE BUST 3rd-7th century AD An annular carnelian seal with scrolled shoulders, intaglio female bust beneath a wreath, hair dressed in braids falling to the shoulders; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 4.76 grams, 20mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590

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Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983. Literature Cf. Gyselen, R., Acta Iranica 44. Sasanian Seals and Sealings in the A. Saeedi Collection, Leeuven, 2007, item 20.1, for type.

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SASSANIAN ROCK CRYSTAL STAMP SEAL 3rd-7th century AD A rock crystal annular seal with reserved discs, intaglio tamga motif within a wreath; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 3.82 grams, 18mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983. Literature Cf. Gyselen, R., Acta Iranica 44. Sasanian Seals and Sealings in the A. Saeedi Collection, Leeuven, 2007, item 70.5, for type.

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SASSANIAN STAMP SEAL WITH INSCRIPTION 3rd-7th century AD A banded agate seal with Pahlavi inscription between a six-pointed star and a crescent; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 10.5 grams, 21mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983. Literature Cf. Gyselen, R., Acta Iranica 44. Sasanian Seals and Sealings in the A. Saeedi Collection, Leeuven, 2007, item 00.9, for type.

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SASSANIAN CHALCEDONY STAMP SEAL WITH SYMBOLS 3rd-7th century AD A plano-convex blue chalcedony seal with intaglio device comprising a central annulet within a cell surrounded by motifs each a pellet and trefoil; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 4.06 grams, 16mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983. Literature See Gyselen, R., Acta Iranica 44. Sasanian Seals and Sealings in the A. Saeedi Collection, Leeuven, 2007, for discussion.

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SASSANIAN CHALCEDONY ‘MAGIC’ STAMP SEAL 3rd-7th century AD An ellipsoidal plano-convex stamp seal with lateral piercing for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late A.D.H. Bivar, Professor of Iranian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, which states: ‘Chalcedony ellipsoid. One the base, three stylised human figures walking r., the rearmost holding a stick(?). Behind, a scorpion; above, quadruped; below r., three Pahlavi characters, unread. On the reverse, a clumsy Pahlavi inscription. The last word appears to be dhtar ‘daughter’, though this word is usually spelt with ww, but it is otherwise unread. Above, left, dog; below, right, camel’. 10.6 grams, 24mm (1"). Fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,750 - 3,850 USD 3,240 - 4,540 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983; accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note, by the late Adrian Hugh David Bivar, Professor of Iranian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10147-167589.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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Literature Cf. Gyselen, R., Catalogue des sceaux, camées et bulles sassanides, II, No.10.E.4=Ph. Gignoux, Op. Cit. Vol. I, No. 9.1.

Literature Cf. Gyselen, R., Acta Iranica 44. Sasanian Seals and Sealings in the A. Saeedi Collection, Leeuven, 2007, item 30.C.1, for type.

Footnotes A.D.H. Bivar, Professor of Iranian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, states ‘This is possibly a magical amulet. Other similar pieces also carry inscriptions on the reverse.’

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SASSANIAN STAMP SEAL WITH RAMS 3rd-7th century AD A chalcedony seal with intaglio scene of two opposed rams with a star between and legend above; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 808 grams, 23mm (1"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

SASSANIAN STAMP SEAL WITH STAG AND INSCRIPTION 3rd-7th century AD An annular carnelian seal with scrolls to the shoulders, ellipsoid face with intaglio running stag, star and legend surrounding; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 6.86 grams, 23mm (1"). Very fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,750 - 3,850 USD 3,240 - 4,540 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10148-167598. Literature Cf. Gyselen, R., Acta Iranica 44. Sasanian Seals and Sealings in the A. Saeedi Collection, Leeuven, 2007, item 30.C.2, for type.

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SASSANIAN STAMP SEAL WITH HORSE 3rd-7th century AD An agate plano-convex stamp seal with lateral piercing for suspension and an ellipsoidal face bearing the incuse design of a horse and rider standing, surrounded by inscription; accompanied by a museumquality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by Nicholas Sims-Williams, Professor of Iranian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, which states: ‘The inscription is written in the so-called ‘Inscriptional Pahlavi’ script. This is most characteristic of the early Sasanian period, but could also be used for formal purposes later in the Sasanian period. The text seems to read: ‘prpzpkr’ .y [gap] p........ At the beginning of the inscription (in front of the face) the letters are mostly well-formed, but towards the end they become more rudimentary and illegible. In view of this fact, and even more on the basis of the fact that the legible letters do not make up known or plausible words, I do not think that the inscription is meaningful. This does not necessarily imply that it is not genuine, since ancient objects are sometimes ‘decorated’ with pseudoinscriptions, perhaps written by or for illiterate persons.’ 5.1 grams, 17mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983; accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note, by Nicholas Sims-Williams, Professor of Iranian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

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SASSANIAN RED JASPER STAMP SEAL WITH HUMAN-HEADED BULL 4th century AD A plano-convex stamp seal accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late A.D.H. Bivar, Professor of Iranian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, which states: ‘Ellipsoid, red jasper, speckled with white. Human-headed, crowned bull, ‘Gopatshah’, couchant to right. The subject, not uncommon on Sassanian seals, is probably inspired by the Gate of Xerxes at Persepolis. Pahlavi inscription starting at 4 o’clock: ‘pst’n ‘L yzd’, ‘Reliance on God’. The inscription is explicitly monotheistic in form. An interesting piece, both technically and iconographically. About 4th century AD.’ 5.9 grams, 18mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,750 - 3,850 USD 3,240 - 4,540 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983; accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note, by the late Adrian Hugh David Bivar, Professor of Iranian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10149-167590.

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SASSANIAN CHALCEDONY STAMP SEAL WITH BUST AND INSCRIPTION 4th-5th century AD A chalcedony stamp seal with plano-convex body, pierced for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late A.D.H. Bivar, Professor of Iranian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, which states: 'Sasanian seal. About 4th to 5th century A.D. Greyish-brown chalcedony ellipsoid. Sassanian portrait, r. Around, Pahlavi inscription. 'wlwny ZY kwlyky Varn  Kr g' 'V. who (is son) of K.' For the first name, the parallel Var n is attested. For the second, we find Kr n as a parallel. These exact forms are previously unrecorded.' 11 grams, 25mm (1"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983; accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note, by the late Adrian Hugh David Bivar, Professor of Iranian

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Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10150-167596.

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SASSANIAN CHALCEDONY INSCRIBED RING 5th-7th century AD A chalcedony hair ring(?), accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late A.D.H. Bivar, Professor of Iranian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, which states: ‘The central aperture is too small for a male finger, which seems to exclude an archery ring. Engraved on the outside, a talismanic ‘Gayomard’ figure - - Gayomard is the archaeological ‘label’, but the subject seems to represent the constellation Orion; its talismanic significance is not clear. About A.D. 400 or later.’ 23.7 grams, 30mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance From an important private UK collection, acquired from Christie’s, London, 21 April 1999, lot 11; accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note, by the late Adrian Hugh David Bivar, Professor of Iranian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London and by copies of the relevant Christie’s catalogue pages. Literature Cf. Bivar, A.D.H., Catalogue of Western Asiatic Seals: Stamp Seals: The Sassanian Dynasty, The British Museum, London, 1969, p.58, pl.6; cf. E. Gubel edn., A l’ombre de Babel: l’art du Proche-Orient Ancien dans les collections belges, Banque Bruxelles Lambert, 1995, p.127, no.250, for a stamp seal with identical figure; cf. Volk, J.G., Habib Anavian Collection: Ancient Near Eastern Cylinder and Stamp Seals from the Early 6th Millennium B.C. to 651 A.D., New York, 1979, nos.304-305.

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SASSANIAN STAMP SEAL WITH KING AND GRYPHON 3rd-7th century AD A chalcedony facetted conical seal with intaglio king in tall headdress gripping the throat of a rearing gryphon; accompanied by a museumquality impression. 8.09 grams, 24mm (1"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983. Literature Cf. Gyselen, R., Acta Iranica 44. Sasanian Seals and Sealings in the A. Saeedi Collection, Leeuven, 2007, item 14.1, for parallel imagery.

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WESTERN ASIATIC STAMP SEAL WITH WINGED FIGURE 1st millennium BC An agate seal with intaglio scene of a profile human figure with wings(?) beside a crescent; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 21.9 grams, 28mm (1"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983.

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WESTERN ASIATIC STAMP SEAL COLLECTION 1st millennium BC A mixed group of stamp seals in chalcedony, agate and carnelian with intaglio tamga motifs, rooster with scorpion and rooster on a baseline, each accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 26.5 grams total, 15-22mm (½ - 1"). Fine to very fine condition. [4] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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SASSANIAN GOAT AND EAGLE STAMP SEAL

GRAECO-PERSIAN HORSE RIDER SLAYING LION SEAL

3rd-7th century AD

4th century BC

A plano-convex carnelian seal with intaglio eagle preying on a fleeing goat; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 11.2 grams, 25mm (1"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820

A chalcedony plano-convex seal with intaglio scene of a mounted huntsman on galloping horse thrusting his spear into a rearing lion; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 8.65 grams, 24mm (1"). Very fine condition, chipped. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,750 - 3,850 USD 3,240 - 4,540

Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983; accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note, by the late Adrian Hugh David Bivar, Professor of Iranian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Literature See Gignoux, P., Gyselen, R., Sceaux Sasanides de Diverse Collections Privées, Leuven, 1982.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10151-167599. Literature See Boardman, J., Greek Gems and Finger Rings. Early Bronze Age to Late Classical, London, 2001.

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GRAECO-PERSIAN STAMP SEAL WITH ZEBU

GRAECO-PERSIAN STAMP SEAL WITH ANIMALS

5th-4th century BC

5th-4th century BC

A carnelian stamp seal, pierced horizontally for suspension, accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘This is a scaraboid...The design on the face shows a walking humped bull, and above its back a crescent above a dot. This is a GrecoPersian gem, c.450-350 B.C., from some part of the Achaemenid Persian empire. It is nicely engraved and in fine condition. The crescent and dot is a symbol, but its significance is unknown to us.’ 6.17 grams, 21mm (1"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820

A plano-convex stamp seal accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘Stamp seal of translucent chalcedony. This is a scaraboid, pierced lengthways. The design on the slightly convex face shows two recumbent horned animals, with both hind paws and one front paw under the body, one front paw extended. In the sky above them is a bird with raised wings. This is a Greco-Persian gem, c.450-350 B.C., from some part of the Achaemenid Persian empire. The design is achieved largely with the drill, which is used with great skill. The seal is mostly in fine condition, only the edges in front of the first animal and above it are chipped’. 9 grams, 25mm (1"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190

Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983; accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note, by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993.

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GRAECO-PERSIAN GREY CHALCEDONY STAMP SEAL WITH WINGED SPHINX 7th-5th century BC A grey chalcedony scaraboid stamp seal with winged sphinx design, pierced horizontally for suspension; accompanied by a museumquality impression. 4.13 grams, 20mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance From an important private UK collection, acquired from Christie’s, New York, 13 June 2000, lot 517; accompanied by copies of the relevant Christie’s catalogue pages.

Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983; accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note, by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10152-167591.

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GRAECO-PERSIAN STAMP SEAL WITH HORSE 5th-4th century BC A grey chalcedony stamp seal, pierced longitudinally for suspension; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late A.D.H. Bivar, Professor of Iranian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, which states: ‘A gray chalcedony scaraboid. Horse galloping to left. 5th-4th century B.C.’ 4.36 grams, 19mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals, acquired between 1980-1983.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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MESOPOTAMIAN LION FIGURE 2nd millennium BC A carved limestone figure of a leaping beast with forelegs folded, hindlegs and tail bent, head turned; hatched fur detailing to the trunk, legs and mane, exaggerated eyes each with a central socket to accept a bronze(?) stud. 57 grams, 68mm (2½"). Fine condition, forepaws absent. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

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Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; acquired on the European art market in the early 1980s.

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MESOPOTAMIAN LION FIGURE 2nd millennium BC A carved rhyolite figure of a lion advancing with forelegs outstretched, sockets to the eyes to accept ceramic inserts, pierced at the spine for suspension; the underside with intaglio scorpion within a tiered lozenge. 174 grams, 78mm (3"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; previously acquired from Hotel Drouot, Paris, France, 17 March 2006, lot 98; formerly in an old private collection; accompanied by a copy of the Drouot 2006 invoice.

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SUMERIAN LAPIS LAZULI RECUMBENT RAM 3rd millennium BC A recumbent ram carved from lapis lazuli, displaying gold flecks throughout; anatomical features highlighted including hooves, ears, exaggerated lentoid eyes, muzzle and mouth, tail tucked between hindlegs; circular recesses over the body and to the base; a single circular piercing from the back to the base. 12.5 grams, 33mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family’s collection; acquired in the 1970s.

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MESOPOTAMIAN RAM AMULET

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Circa 3000 BC A Jemdet Nasr/Uruk period translucent marbled agate carved amulet in the form of a bearded ram with legs folded beneath the body, on an ellipsoid base. 4.8 grams, 23mm (1"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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MESOPOTAMIAN RECLINING RAM STAMP SEAL Circa 3000 BC A substantial Jemdet Nasr/Uruk period green fluorite seal in the form of a reclining ram, the body in profile, the head raised and turned, the base engraved in drill technique, pierced vertically. 21.3 grams, 40mm (1½"). Fine condition, repaired. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300

Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: ‘No.22 Vessel of grey and white stone, flaring sides, goats head on one side (in the round). Fine work. Mesopotamia c. 2800-2400 B.C.’; mounted on a custom-made stand. 132 grams total, 85mm including stand (3¼"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From a family collection by descent, London, UK, 1980s-2000; accompanied by an original scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham 1970-1993.

Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

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Literature See Erlenmeyer, Christie’s, June 1989, lot 302, for similar seal in the form of a fox.

3rd millennium BC

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SUMERIAN VEINED ALABASTER GOAT’S HEAD DISH 28th-24th century BC A Mesopotamian carved alabaster squat bowl with handle formed as a goat’s head; accompanied by an old handwritten scholarly note, signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of

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WESTERN ASIATIC BEAD WITH BULLS AND SERPENTS

A black glass(?) hollow bead with columnar body flanked by two advancing bulls to the base, horns supporting a wreath of two entwined snakes forming the upper edge. 15.2 grams, 33mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From a central London gallery; previously in a private collection; accompanied by expertise notes and old photograph by Professor William Lambert.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EARLY MESOPOTAMIAN OR PROTO-ELAMITE WAR CHARIOT 2nd millennium BC A bronze model of a proto-war chariot, formed as a squared box, the axle attached underneath with a gauge extending to full disk wheels with visible nave and hoops, the draught pole formed of two parallel pole braces attached to a yoke holding two onagers; the chariot box with openwork sides with vertical slits; on the front a squared shield protection for the driver, furnished with two sight holes and wide edge, behind which the standing driver is in fighting position, the left hand holding on to the chariot panel, the right one raised to throw a weapon, probably a spear. 2.1 kg, 32.5cm (12¾"). Very fine condition. £30,000 - 40,000 EUR 33,040 - 44,050 USD 38,910 - 51,890 Provenance Previously with the Aaron Brothers, Tehran, Iran, acquired from Mr Masaru Kawachi, of Hashigaoka Gallery Co., Nagoya, Japan on 25 May 1965; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10153167441.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Crouwel, J.H., Chariots and other means of land transport in Bronze Age Greece, Amsterdam, 1981; Stillmann, N. & Tallis N., Armies of the Ancient Near East, 3000 BC to 539 BC, Worthing, 1984; Kuz’mina, E., The origin of the IndoIranians, Leiden-Boston, 2007; Anthony, D.W., The horse, the wheel and language, how bronze age riders from the Eurasian steppes shaped the Modern World, Princeton, 2007; Matthiae, P., Marchetti, N., Ebla and its landscape, early state formation in the ancient Near East, Walnut Creek, 2013. Footnotes One of the oldest representations of chariots in a military context date back to the 26th century BC, on the infamous ornate wooden panel from Ur, from Southern Mesopotamia (c.2500 BC). In the so-called ‘Standard of Ur’ are depicted five chariots, or more correctly carts or wagons (Gish-Gigir), pulled by oxen or a hybrid of a donkey and female onagers (Kunga), usually bred in the city of Nagar. The Sumerians possessed light chariots pulled by four onagers but equipped with solid wooden wheels, as the spoked wheel did not appear in Mesopotamia until the second millennium BC. These kind of chariots were used by the Eblaite, Early Sumerian, Akkadian and Ur III armies. Although used as vehicles of battle sometimes carrying spear men with the charioteer, such heavy wagons, borne on solid wooden wheels and covered with skins, may have been part of the baggage train too (e.g. during royal funeral processions).

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WESTERN ASIATIC LEVANTINE CART WITH OXEN 2nd millennium BC A model four-wheeled cart of sheet bronze with scooped profile, internal frame and floor, sheet bronze wheels, bronze Y-shaped pole and transverse yoke; two moulded bronze oxen with prominent horns, impressed facial details, tapering tail. 1.23 kg total, cart: 34cm long, 15cm high, bulls: 13.5-14.5cm long, 9cm high (cart: 13½" long, 6" high, bulls: 5¼ - 5¾" long, 3½" high). Fine condition, some parts of the chassis restored, the modern pieces produced in June 1971 by McIntyre of the British Museum. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,220 - 18,720 USD 15,570 - 22,050

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Provenance Previously in a private London, UK, collection; acquired in 1971 by Safani Gallery; accompanied by a copy of Art Loss Register certificate number S00077065; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10154167539. Published Illustrated and described in: M.A. Littauer & J.H. Crouwel, Early Metal Models of Wagons from the Levant, vol.5 X, p.105, pl.XXXVI, 1973.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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ELAMITE STANDING FIGURE 2nd millennium BC A bronze figure standing upright on a rectangular base wearing a close-fitting helmet, tight wrap-over shirt with cap sleeves, raised waistband and kilt with fringed hem below; left arm straight with hole in the fist, right arm raised and slightly bent with fist clenched; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 226 grams, 14cm including stand (5½"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance Property of a London collector; from her family’s private collection; formerly with a London gallery; acquired in the 1990s. Literature See Aruz, J., Art of the First Cities. The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus, New York, 2003.

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LURISTAN HORSE CHEEK-PIECE PAIR Early 1st millennium BC A matched pair of bronze bridle cheek-pieces, each a standing winged stag with erect antlers and head modelled in the half-round, pierced at the flank to accept the bit; mounted on a custom-made stand. 1.5 kg total, 21cm each including stand (8¼"). Fine condition. [2] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10155-166566.

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LURISTAN HORSE BRIDLE CHEEK PIECE PAIR 13th-6th century BC A matched pair of bridle cheek panels, each an advancing horse on a base line with loop to the neck and central hole with reinforced rim. 246 grams total, 75-85mm (3 - 3¼"). Fine condition. [2] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040

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Provenance From the private collection of a North West London lady; previously with a central London gallery; formerly acquired before 1990. Literature See Godard, F., The Art of Iran, London, 1965.

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LARGE LURISTAN ZOOMORPHIC PIN 13th-7th century BC A bronze pin formed with a horned animal-head finial and roundsection tapering collared shaft; another quadruped stands between two collars; incised geometric designs towards the top of the shaft. 198 grams, 26cm (10¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

247

248

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249

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LARGE POST-SASSANIAN STAG 8th-9th century AD A substantial hollow-formed bronze standing stag figure, head erect, antlers poised horizontally each with four tines and a bifid crown, lowrelief fur texture to the chest, lentoid eyes; longitudinal slit to the junction of neck and back; hinged door to the flank with fastening lug, possibly for use as a money box. 2.5 kg, 24cm (9½"). Fine condition, antlers reattached. £18,000 - 24,000 EUR 19,820 - 26,430 USD 23,350 - 31,130 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Naxos Art Gallery, London, UK; accompanied by a metallurgic analytical report, written by Metallurgist Dr. Brian Gilmour of the Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of

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Art, University of Oxford, report number 146266/HM1363; and a detailed report by Near Eastern Art expert Prof J.W. Allan and a copy of the purchase invoice from Naxos Art Gallery dated 12 October 1986 (£35,000); this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10156-166533. Literature See Trever, K.B. & Lukonin, V.G., Sasanidskoe Serebro, Moscow, 1987. Footnotes The slot in the animal’s neck indicates that it was intended to serve as a money-box, being of a size suitable to accept early Islamic dirham coins of 28-30mm in diameter and up to 1.8mm in thickness. The lateral hinged door allows the coins to be retrieved without damaging the container, in contrast with contemporary ceramic containers which had to be broken open for this purpose.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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BACTRIAN CAMEL KOHL POT 2nd-1st millennium BC A bronze figure of a standing Bactrian camel, the animal’s second hump formed as a narrow tube with flat rim; detailing to head, face, mane, tail and elbows; hollow body; integral rectangular base; possibly a kohl pot or sceptre stand. 293 grams, 10.5cm (4"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820

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Provenance From an important London W1, gallery; previously acquired 1980s.

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BACTRIAN RAM KOHL POT 2nd-1st millennium BC A bronze figure of a standing male goat with substantial curving horns, detailing to ears, eyes, mouth and mane; a narrow tube arising from the animal’s back with flat rim; hollow body; integral rectangular base; possibly a kohl pot or sceptre stand. 186 grams, 85mm (3½"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From an important London W1, gallery; previously acquired 1980s.

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ACHAEMENID BRONZE BOWL 6th-4th century BC A bronze bowl with squat carinated body, flared rim and central omphalos with fluted border. 394 grams, 19.5cm (7¾"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

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ACHAEMENID BRONZE BOWL 6th-4th century BC

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A bronze shallow carinated bowl with broad flared rim; repoussé tearshaped bosses within arches arranged around a central shallow omphalos, stylised flowers between; Luschey, 1929, type 1.c.8. 154 grams, 11.6cm (4¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972. Literature See Moorey, R.P.S., et al., Ancient Bronzes Ceramics and Seals, California, 1981, item 627, for a very similar example and discussion; cf. Curtiss, J. & Tallis, N., Forgotten Empire. The World of Ancient Persia, London, 2005, for comparable items and discussion.

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ACHAEMENID BRONZE BOWL 5th-4th century BC A bronze bowl with lotiform underside comprising radiating flanges to the body and base, broad flared rim; omphalos to the internal base. 145 grams, 12.2cm (4¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

254

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LURISTAN JUG WITH HANDLE 1st millennium BC A bronze vessel with globular body, broad neck, everted rim, shallow circular foot and handle. 1.2 kg, 15cm (6"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910

255

Provenance From the collection of a deceased Japanese collector, 1970-2000.

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LURISTAN SPOUTED VESSEL 1st millennium BC A bronze vessel with drum-shaped body with collars and flared base, conical trumpet-shaped mouth and deep U-section spout; shallow decoration to the collars including hatched lines and dots between plain circumferential bands. 745 grams, 31cm (12¼"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000s. Literature Cf. British Museum, accession number 128600, for type; and for a similar example Louvre Museum, AO20452; cf. Vanden Berghe, L. and Joffroy, R., Bronzes, Iran-Luristan-Caucase, 1973, pl.X.; cf. V. Sarianidi, Necropolis of Gonur, Athènes, 2007, no.89, p.85.

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LARGE URARTU SPOUTED BRONZE VESSEL 10th-7th century BC A substantial bronze pouring vessel with drum-shaped body, broad neck, everted rim and convex base; long, deep U-sectioned integral spout; band of lozenges with central dots to the shoulder leading to a penannular loop below the spout comprised of a plain band between two hatched bands; body with two sections of guilloche and two stylised facing birds. 1.5 kg, 31cm (12¼"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000s.

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WESTERN ASIATIC ARCHER’S THUMB RING

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6th-5th century BC A substantial ring formed from a single tapering sheet of bronze; incuse design comprising a central tree flanked by fish and two standing facing bulls, a pot and arc of hatched lines behind one, a bird and arc of hatched lines behind the other; other features in the field; terminals are flat-ended and overlap. 16.84 grams, 25.61mm overall, 20.80mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q, USA 8, Europe 17.49, Japan 16) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Ex Shiraz Antiques, London, W1, in 1998.

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WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD AND GEMSTONE LOTUS FLOWER JEWELLERY GROUP 2nd millennium BC A matched group of gold lotus flower jewellery comprising: a matched pair of earrings shaped as lotus flowers, each with oval-shaped suspension loop and a series of raised petal-shaped cells inlaid with precious stones including lapis lazuli, turquoise and red carnelian; a larger pendant formed from raised petal-shaped cells inlaid with the same precious stones, with oval-shaped suspension loop. 6.98 grams total, 18-25mm (1"). Fine condition. [3] £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,510 - 7,710 USD 6,490 - 9,080 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.167383/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10157-167383.

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WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD HERO MOUNT SET 2nd millennium BC A set of three square sheet-gold plaques, each with a billeted border, repoussé scene of a standing human or divine hero with hands raised and fingers spread, flanked by two leaping quadrupeds, pierced at each corner. 14.49 grams total, 31-32mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. [3] £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously with Boisgirard Antonini, Paris, sale 4, lot 36; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; accompanied by a copy of the relevant Boisgirard Antonini catalogue pages.

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WESTERN ASIATIC GARNET AND GOLD NECKLACE WITH AGATE PENDANT 1st millennium BC

261 261

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD LEAF-SHAPED EARRING PAIR

A restrung necklace of irregular garnet beads, sheet gold bulbs with dangles, centrepiece a fusiform banded agate bead with gold end caps, granulated detailing. 82.82 grams, 45cm (17¾"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman, his collection assembled 1965-2018.

1st millennium BC

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A matched pair of sheet-gold earrings with integral ‘hooks’, each formed as a crescentic leaf with two folded sides creating a recessed outer face. 15.23 grams total, 53mm each (2"). Fine condition. [2] £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170

1st millennium BC

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; accompanied by an old museum-quality photograph.

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WESTERN ASIATIC NECKLACE WITH GOLD PENDANTS

A restrung necklace with six sheet gold lozengiform pendants, each with repoussé floral motif; the centrepiece a ribbed sheet gold bulb and ball with granule detailing. 16.94 grams, 80cm (31½"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market in 2005.

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD HAIR RING

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2nd millennium BC

BACTRIAN GOLD AND LAPIS LAZULI BEAD NECKLACE 2nd-1st millennium BC

A substantial gold tapering coil with clubbed ends forming an adornment for the hair. 8.99 grams, 15mm (½"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; previously in a Japanese collection, 1990s.

263

A restrung necklace comprising tubular lapis lazuli beads, each with a sheet-gold sleeve wrapped around the centre. 23.6 grams, 68cm (26¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

WESTERN ASIATIC LAPIS LAZULI AND GOLD BEAD NECKLACE WITH AGATE PENDANT

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1st millennium BC

ACHAEMENID CARNELIAN BEAD SET 6th-4th century BC

A restrung necklace of lapis lazuli biconvex and oblate beads with gold spacer beads, centrepiece a large fusiform agate bead with ribbed end-caps. 127 grams, 56cm (22"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman, his collection assembled 1965-2018.

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WESTERN ASIATIC LAPIS LAZULI, CARNELIAN AND GOLD TUBE NECKLACE 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace of annular carnelian and lapis lazuli melon beads, four lapis lazuli ribbed tubular beads and three curved ribbed sheet gold tubes. 31.1 grams, 49cm (19¼"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman, his collection assembled 1965-2018.

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A group of carnelian facetted fusiform beads with biconvex spacer beads. 72 grams, 54cm (21¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From the important collection of a deceased Japanese collector.

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ELAMITE SILVER FLOWER PENDANT NECKLACE 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace of fusiform and and oval carnelian beads with centrepiece a silver cloisonné pendant quatrefoil with discs in the spandrels, inset glass and other panels, two waisted gold tubular beads. 48 grams, 43cm (17"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance Property of a London collector; from her family’s private collection; formerly with a London gallery; acquired in the 1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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269

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SASSANIAN SILVER-GILT WILD BOAR VESSEL 5th century AD A gilt silver vessel formed as a standing wild boar with exaggerated muscular legs and chest with a bulging gut; detailed facial features including large snout, curled tusks, alert eyes with heavy eyelids, erect ears, the animal’s mane running around its face and along its head and back, reaching a tightly-curled tail and detailed buttocks, cheeks highlighted with gilding and a series of small circles, repeated on the underbelly; an oval vessel mouth emerges from the mane, while the spout is formed as a pierced gilt stud at the centre of the boar’s chest. 880 grams, 15cm (6"). Fine condition. £40,000 - 60,000 EUR 44,050 - 66,080 USD 51,890 - 77,830 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously with an important central London gallery; formerly in the Khatibi family collection formed before 1970; accompanied by a copy of the original purchase invoice dated 15 October 1986 ($45,000) and two old museum-quality photographs; accompanied by an academic report by Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10158-165299.

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Literature See Harper and Meyers, Silver Vessels of the Sassanian Period, Volume I, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1981, for discussion and examples of wild boar on other vessels; Carter, M.L., Goldstein, S., Harper, P.O., Kawami, T.S., Meyers P., Splendors of the Ancient East, Antiquities from the al-Sabah collection, London, 2013; Ebbinghaus, S., Feasting with gods, heroes, and kings, Cambridge, 2019. Footnotes The style of the animal’s head, the mouth, the ears and the massive body suggest that the object was manufactured in an Eastern Sassanian workshop. The image of the boar was diffused in the Persian iconography and royal imagery. A horn-shaped rhyton found at Kish in Mesopotamia features a boar head (Ebbinghaus, 2019, p.328) while various hunting scenes represent the Sassanian Shahanshah (King of the Kings) and local rulers hunting the wild boar (Harper, Meyers, 1981, pls.X,XIV,15,20; Carter, Goldstein, Harper, Kawami, Meyers, 2013, pp.172-173). Most famous is the boar hunting scene on the Taq-e-Bostan reliefs.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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ELAMITE SILVER GEM-SET EAGLE MOUNT 2nd millennium BC A silver mount of an eagle with hollow-formed head and body, applied foot with claws remaining, recessed panels to the wings and tail set with haematite, jasper and other tesserae. 16.7 grams, 86mm (3¼"). Fine condition. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,810 - 11,010 USD 10,380 - 12,970 Provenance Property of a London collector; from her family’s private collection; formerly with a London gallery; acquired in the 1990s; accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato, and an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.164084/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10159-164084. Literature The present bird follows the format of a similar creature with spread wings on the crest of a bronze helmet from southwest Iran, now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, accession number 63.74; see also Rickards, T., Black J., and Green, A., Gods, demons, and symbols of ancient Mesopotamia, an illustrated dictionary, London, 1992; Caubet A., and Bernus-Taylor M.,The Louvre, Near Eastern Antiquities, London, 1991; Mahboubian, H., Elam, Art and civilization of ancient Iran, 3000-2000 BC, Salisbury, 2004.

272 272

ELAMITE SILVER DOVE 2nd millennium BC

Footnotes The Elamite objects manufactured in silver, bronze or copper, made during the 3rd and 2nd millennium BC, are among the best of their kind. The bird on the Metropolitan Museum of Art helmet is shown with its head raised, the back and wings with repoussé sheet metal feather detailing. A number of different birds occur in Mesopotamian art as symbols of deities. One type of a longnecked species, it first appeared during the Uruk Period, as a type of standard, with the bird shown on top of a small rod, mounted on the back of a snake-dragon. The symbol of a bird on a high perch, probably represents a bird-standard, which was common on the Kassite kudurrus, and can be identified from the inscriptions as a symbol of the obscure dual gods Suqamuna (and) Sumalia (Kassite gods), whose images were brought from Babylonia to Susa in the booty war of King Shutruk Nahhunte.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

A hollow-formed silver model of a dove with folded wings, dished underside, repoussé detailing. 26.8 grams, 58mm (2¼"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Property of a London collector; from her family’s private collection; formerly with a London gallery; acquired in the 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10160-164082.

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ELAMITE SILVER SWAN PENDANT 2nd millennium BC A hollow-formed silver model of a swan with folded wings, repoussé detailing, applied feet, suspension loop behind the neck, cleaned on one side. 9.84 grams, 53mm (2"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance Property of a London collector; from her family’s private collection; formerly with a London gallery; acquired in the 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10161-164083.

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LATE ACHAEMENID SILVER LOTUS CUP 4th-3rd century BC A sheet-silver hemispherical cup or small bowl with chamfered rim, convex base with rosette enclosed in a roundel and surrounded by a series of circumferential lotus-petals. 335 grams, 13cm (5"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Property of a central London gentleman; formerly acquired Sotheby’s, London, 14 July 1975, lot 93; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10162-166842. Literature See Godard, F., The Art of Iran, London, 1965, for discussion.

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EARLY ACHAEMENID SILVER REPOUSSÉ FOOTED PHIALE 6th-5th century BC

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A silver phiale, the body with a series of repoussé petals forming a sun-burst, radiating from a central flat panel with incised concentric rings; subtly everted rim; flared foot below. 300 grams, 21.2cm (8¼"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Property of a central London gentleman; previously with Sotheby’s, New York, 24 November 1987, lot 83; formerly in the collection of Joseph Tembach (18971982), USA; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10163166539. Literature See Godard, F., The Art of Iran, London, 1965, for discussion.

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ACHAEMENID SILVER REPOUSSÉ PHIALE 6th-4th century BC A sheet-silver phiale mesomphalos with broad everted rim, carinated body, two circumferential raised ribs to the outer face, applied central boss formed with domed omphalos encircled by stylised petals between a plain border; convex outer base. 243 grams, 15.9cm (6¼"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110

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Provenance Property of a central London gentleman; acquired Christie’s, London, 25 October 2007, lot 113; formerly in a private collection acquired 1960s; accompanied by the relevant Christie’s catalogue pages. Literature See Godard, F., The Art of Iran, London, 1965, for discussion. Footnotes Phiale mesomphalos (literally: bowl with central boss) were the most popular form of vessel in Achaemenid Persia and were produced in a number of materials, including clay, bronze, silver and gold. They are a distinctive type of Achaemenid tableware, made by hammering or raising sheet metal, with decoration added in repoussé. They were used in banquets held by the nobility and for pouring libations at religious festivals. Phiales of this kind were a common gift from the Achaemenid king to the nobility which helped cement alliances among the different ethnic groups of the Empire. The central boss to the underside allowed the user to secure their fingers and ensure a solid grip whilst drinking or pouring.

276

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278

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SASSANIAN SILVER BOWL WITH GILT FISH 3rd-7th century AD An elliptical bowl with rounded base and engraved gilt fish to the interior base. 123 grams, 16.3cm (6½"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance From a Japanese collection, 1990s. Literature See Grabar, O., Sasanian silver: Late Antique and Early Mediaeval Arts of Luxury from Iran, Michigan, 1967, for discussion and similar pieces.

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WESTERN ASIATIC HEAVY SILVER BRACELET

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1st millennium BC A substantial silver bracelet with tapering ends coiled about the shank. 142 grams, 71mm (2¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000s.

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URARTU SILVER ANIMAL-HEADED BRACELET 1st millennium BC A silver penannular bracelet, round in section with opposed beasthead finials. 78 grams, 80mm (3"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From the private collection of Mr S M, London, UK, 1970-1999.

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SOGDIAN SILVER SPOON WITH INSCRIPTION 2nd-4th century AD A substantial silver spoon comprising a shallow heart-shaped bowl, columnar handle and lobed finial with incised scroll detailing; reverse with short incised legend. 84.6 grams, 19.7cm (7¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

280

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BACTRIAN CEREMONIAL PENDANT 3rd-2nd millennium BC A bifacial lead discoid ceremonial pendant or weight with a bull’s head at the centre; sub-rectangular handle above; series of eight pairs of lines decorating the width of the disc; the bull’s head with wide raised eyes, long ears below tall horns and detail to the muzzle; on the reverse are eight pairs of lateral lines; mounted on a custom-made stand. 13 kg total, 42.5cm including stand (16¾"). Fine condition. £7,000 - 9,000 EUR 7,710 - 9,910 USD 9,080 - 11,670 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired in the 1950s; accompanied by an old collector’s cataloguing sheet and photograph; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10164-166840. Literature Cf. Pottier, M. H., Matérial Funéraire de la Bactriane Méridoniale de l’Âge de Bronze, Paris, 1984, pp.99, 175, 217, for other examples of lead-handled weights with openwork designs.

Mesopotamia, the islands of the Persian Gulf, on the Iranian steppe, as well as the Indus Valley. The bull was a popular and sacred animal in both Mesopotamia and the Indus civilisation. In Mesopotamia it was often associated with storm gods, such as Ball. In the Indus region it appears on seals and is often associated with a horned deity that has been identified as a proto-Shiva type figure.

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LARGE WESTERN ASIATIC MOUFLON RAM 3rd millennium BC A substantial carved limestone figure of a mouflon ram with prominent ribbed horns, lentoid eyes and slit mouth, raised panels to the hips and shoulders. 2.2 kg, 21cm (8¼"). Fine condition. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,520 - 22,030 USD 19,460 - 25,940 Provenance From a private US collection, kept in Switzerland in the 1960s; accompanied by a copy of Art Loss Register certificate number S00105756 and by a scholarly note no. TL5318 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10240-167537.

Footnotes Among the most iconic Intercultural Style objects are the so-called lock weights. These were probably not weights but badges of high office, carried to indicate authority. Fragments of similar objects have been found throughout

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Footnotes Mouflon is a small feral sheep of Corsica, Sardinia and Cyprus. The mouflon stands about 70 cm (28 inches) at the shoulder and is brown with white underparts. The male has a light, saddle-shaped mark on its back and bears large, downward curving horns with the tips turned outward. The mouflon most likely derives from a domestic sheep of Asia Minor that was introduced to Mediterranean islands some thousands of years ago (perhaps in the Neolithic period), presumably for meat, fur and milk.

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SASSANIAN TILE WITH QUEEN 3rd-7th century AD A rectangular stucco tile with high-relief image of a standing female with hands raised holding sprays of flowers, facing within an arch with meander ornament and birds perched on the shoulders, addorsed regardant gryphons at the jambs; monkeys climbing on foliage in the spandrels. 8.3 kg, 34cm wide (13½"). Fair condition, usage wear. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market before 2000; previously in an old English collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10166-163893.

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BACTRIAN GOBLET WITH SACRED BULLS 3rd-2nd millennium BC A dark grey-black steatite vessel with everted rim and circular foot with surrounding basal ring; outer face with three standing bulls facing left, each unique in detail; rows of square panels enclosing the same geometric design to circumference. 751 grams, 13.7cm (5½"). Fine condition, rim chiped. £25,000 - 35,000 EUR 27,530 - 38,550 USD 32,430 - 45,400 Provenance Property of a central London gentleman; previously with Mahboubian Gallery of Ancient Art, New York; acquired from Gallery Rosen Ancient Art, New York, USA; accompanied by a copy of the purchase invoice for $30,000, dated 28 November 1968 and five old museum-quality photographs; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10167-166843.

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Literature See Aruz, J., edn., Art of the First Cities: The Third Millennium from the Mediterranean to the Indus, New York, 2003, for comparable examples and discussion. Footnotes Bactria shares with Indus Valley, Anatolia and Minoan Crete a religious cult of the sacred bull in which it was customary for feats of acrobatic leaping over the beast’s back or shoulders to be performed. A fresco at the Great Palace at Knossos, Crete, shows female dancers attempting this feat, while ivory figurines from the same site depict the rite in three dimensions. Depictions of similar activities appear on Sumerian cylinder seals, and there is speculation that the modern French custom of course landaise is a continuation of the practice.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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BACTRIAN CARVED VESSEL WITH SCORPIONS 2nd millennium BC A carved serpentine jar with flat shoulder and flange to the mouth, frieze of reserved high-relief scorpions. 545 grams, 11.5cm (4½"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired from Gallery Rosen Ancient Art, New York, USA, in the 1960s-1970s.

285

286

BACTRIAN BLUE PILLAR IDOL 3rd-2nd millennium BC A polished blue-green alabaster pillar idol of cylindrical form with flange finial, shallow transverse slot to each flat face. 3.2 kg, 23.5cm (9¼"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972. Literature Cf. Pottier, M. H., Matériel funéraire de la Bactriane méridonale de L’ Age du Bronze, Mémoire, Editions Recherche sur les Civilisations, 36, p.16, pl.V, nos.34-5, for two similar lingams called ‘masses d’arme’, and p.43, pl.XXXV, nos.292-3, for similar yoni; also, Schmidt, E. F., Tepe Hissar Excavations, 1931; The Museum Journal, XXIII, no.4, 1933, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, pl.CXXXVI.

286

287

BACTRIAN BLUE-GREEN PILLAR IDOL 3rd-2nd millennium BC A polished blue-green alabaster pillar idol of cylindrical form with flange finial, shallow transverse slot to each flat face. 4.5 kg, 26cm (10¼"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972. Literature Cf. Pottier, M. H., Matériel funéraire de la Bactriane méridonale de L’ Age du Bronze, Mémoire, Editions Recherche sur les Civilisations, 36, p.16, pl.V, nos.34-5, for two similar lingams called ‘masses d’arme’, and p.43, pl.XXXV, nos.292-3, for similar yoni; also, Schmidt, E. F., Tepe Hissar Excavations, 1931; The Museum Journal, XXIII, no.4, 1933, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, pl.CXXXVI.

288

287

BACTRIAN PILLAR IDOL 3rd-2nd millennium BC A substantial polished alabaster pillar idol of waisted cylindrical form with shallow transverse slot to each flat face. 7.4 kg, 32cm (12½"). Fine condition. £800 - 900 EUR 880 - 990 USD 1,040 - 1,170 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972. Literature Cf. Pottier, M. H., Matériel funéraire de la Bactriane méridonale de L’ Age du Bronze, Mémoire, Editions Recherche sur les Civilisations, 36, p.16, pl.V, nos.34-5, for two similar lingams called ‘masses d’arme’, and p.43, pl.XXXV, nos.292-3, for similar yoni; also, Schmidt, E. F., Tepe Hissar Excavations, 1931; The Museum Journal, XXIII, no.4, 1933, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, pl.CXXXVI.

288

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

99


289

BACTRIAN PILLAR IDOL 3rd-2nd millennium BC A substantial polished marble pillar idol of waisted cylindrical form with shallow transverse slot to each flat face. 10 kg, 31cm (12¼"). Fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170 289

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

290

LARGE BACTRIAN PILLAR IDOL COLLECTION Late 3rd-early 2nd millennium BC A group of three carved limestone columnar idols, each with waisted body, transverse slot to each flat face. 32.8 kg total, 29-34.5cm (11½ - 13½"). Fine condition. [3] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance From the private collection of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market since 2000.

290

Literature Cf. Pottier, M. H., Matériel funéraire de la Bactriane méridonale de L’ Age du Bronze, Mémoire, Editions Recherche sur les Civilisations, 36, p.16, pl.V, nos.34-5, for two virtually identical lingams called ‘masses d’arme’, and p.43, pl.XXXV, nos.292-3, for similar yoni; also, Schmidt, E. F., Tepe Hissar Excavations, 1931, The Museum Journal, XXIII, no.4, 1933, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, pl.CXXXVI.

291

LARGE BACTRIAN PILLAR IDOL COLLECTION Late 3rd-early 2nd millennium BC A group of three carved limestone columnar idols, each with waisted body, transverse slot to each flat face. 25 kg total, 26.5-29cm (10½ 11½"). Fine condition. [3] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From the private collection of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market since 2000.

291

Literature Cf. Pottier, M. H., Matériel funéraire de la Bactriane méridonale de L’ Age du Bronze, Mémoire, Editions Recherche sur les Civilisations, 36, p.16, pl.V, nos.34-5, for two virtually identical lingams called ‘masses d’arme’, and p.43, pl.XXXV, nos.292-3, for similar yoni; also, Schmidt, E. F., Tepe Hissar Excavations, 1931, The Museum Journal, XXIII, no.4, 1933, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, pl.CXXXVI.

292

LARGE BACTRIAN DISCOID IDOL 2nd millennium BC A large carved alabaster discoid idol with shallow channel around the waist. 21.1 kg, 38.5cm (15¼"). Fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170 Provenance From the private collection of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market since 2000. Literature See Linenthal, P., Columns, Discs and the Creation of the World, at www.academia.edu/1004617.

292

100

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


293

LARGE BACTRIAN DISCOID IDOL WITH GROOVE 2nd millennium BC A large carved alabaster discoid idol with shallow channel around the waist. 17.4 kg, 36.5cm (14½"). Fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170

293

Provenance From the private collection of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market since 2000. Literature See Linenthal, P., Columns, Discs and the Creation of the World, at www.academia.edu/1004617.

294

ELAMITE STATUE OF A SEATED FEMALE 3rd millennium BC A conical ceramic statue of a female shown with a voluminous skirt, ropework detailing to the collar, waist and bust, hands held at the waist; hair gathered behind the head and falling to the shoulders; oversized lentoid eyes with slit mouth below; mounted on a custommade stand. 1.9 kg total, 24.5cm including stand (9¾"). Fair condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance Property of a central London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery of Ancient Art, New York, USA; accompanied by a copy of the purchase invoice, dated 1 December 1969.

294

Published Exhibited by Safani Gallery, 12 November 1998 - 20 January 1999; published in Acts of Faith: Idols of Ancient Cultures, New York, 1998, p.11.

295

WESTERN ASIATIC FIRE ALTAR WITH PROTECTING ANIMALS 1st millennium BC A ceramic altar comprising a rectangular base with couchant juvenile lions or lionesses flanking a square-section tower with incised and impressed ornament, square window to each broad face, five projections to the upper face supporting a squat bowl with everted rim. 2.3 kg, 29.5cm (11½"). Fine condition, repaired. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

296

AMLASH RECUMBENT LION RHYTON 9th-8th century BC A ceramic zoomorphic vessel formed as a recumbent lion; rear legs tucked beneath body, forepaws outstretched to front, curled tail held to one side, open jaws baring teeth and short cylindrical spout, small ridged nose, incised detailing to muzzle and eyes, ears held flat against head, mane and coat expressed as incised detail; integral trumpet-style neck. 392 grams, 18cm (7"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110

295

Provenance Property of a central London gentleman; formerly acquired from a New York gallery; accompanied by a copy of the original Mahboubian Gallery invoice dated 1 May 1972. Literature See Ebbinghaus, S., edn., Animal-Shaped Vessels From The Ancient World, Feasting With Gods, Heroes, and Kings, Cambridge Massachusetts, 2019, for discussion and comparable examples.

296

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

101


297

WESTERN ASIATIC PAINTED RAM RHYTON 1st millennium BC

297

A ceramic zoomorphic vessel formed as a ram; exaggerated spherical body with conical legs, integral neck and head with horns, brow, raised eyes with punched recesses, muzzle with nostrils and open mouth; integral cotton-reel style neck with flared rim and integral handle; short triangular tail; integral conical spout to chest; body with geometric design painted in red pigment. 916 grams, 18cm (7"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of a central London collector; previously with a central London gallery; accompanied by an original thermoluminescence analysis report by The Research Laboratory for Archaeology and The History of Art, Oxford University, dated 16 June 1981. Literature See Ebbinghaus, S., edn., Animal-Shaped Vessels From The Ancient World, Feasting With Gods, Heroes, and Kings, Cambridge Massachusetts, 2019, for discussion and comparable examples.

298

WESTERN ASIATIC TIGER RHYTON 14th-4th century BC A ceramic vessel formed as a standing ‘tiger’, tail curled around one side of body, with erect ears, alert eyes, muzzle, open mouth pierced to serve as spout; black and red painted pigment remains; integral spout and handle on neck and back. 1.2 kg, 30cm (11¾"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a central London gentleman; previously with a central London gallery; accompanied by an original thermoluminescence analysis report by The Research Laboratory for Archaeology and The History of Art, Oxford University, dated 16 June 1981.

298

Literature See Ebbinghaus, S., edn., Animal-Shaped Vessels in the Ancient World, Feasting with Gods, Heroes and Kings, Harvard Art Museums, 2008, for discussion.

299

TELL HALAF MOTHER GODDESS Early 6th millennium BC A ceramic figure formed as a seated mother goddess; pinched triangular-profile head, arms held to the body cupping prominent breasts, full thighs and stub legs; series of painted black bands over the body. 120 grams, 92mm (3½"). Fair condition, restored. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired from C. J. Martin (Coins) Ltd, London, UK, in 1998; accompanied by the original invoice.

299

102

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


300

301

300

AMLASH TRIPOD HANDLED SPOUTED RITUAL BOWL 9th-8th century BC A ceramic vessel with hemispherical bowl, short U-section spout, integral round-section handle and three conical feet. 1.6 kg, 36cm (14¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From the estate of an important deceased Japanese art collector; the collection formed 1960-2010.

301

MASSIVE BACTRIAN RITUAL CHALICE 4th-3rd millennium BC A ceramic chalice with carinated body above collar, tapering cylindrical stem and broad flared base with rolled rim. 3.8 kg, 31.5cm (12½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From the estate of an important deceased Japanese art collector; the collection formed 1960-2010.

302 302

MESOPOTAMIAN POTTERY JAR Middle Bronze Age, mid 3rd-mid 2nd millennium BC A ceramic jar comprising a slightly flared body, rounded rim, four pierced lugs below the rim, four holes close to the lower edge, incised band to the centre of the sidewall with bird motifs, convex bottom; possibly a ritual vessel. 328 grams, 10cm (4"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From an important collection of ancient art formed by a deceased gentleman from 1960-1990; latterly dispersed to family members after his death and held in London and Switzerland.

303

LARGE WESTERN ASIATIC BOWL WITH BIRDS 2nd-1st millennium BC A ceramic bowl with carinated body and rolled rim; the upper body decorated with painted designs including deep swags filled with vertical wavy lines and geometric shapes, stylised birds and other motifs between. 3.8 kg, 37cm (14½"). Fair condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of a gentleman living in central London; ex private English collection; acquired 1962.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

303

103


304

NABATAEAN FLORAL BOWL 3rd-1st century BC A ceramic conical bowl with raised rim, painted decoration of fronds, cones and pellets. 119 grams, 17cm (6¾"). Fine condition, repaired. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From an important Israeli collection; accompanied by a copy of the Israeli export permit.

305 304

WESTERN ASIATIC ARAMAIC BOWL WITH INCANTATION AGAINST EVIL SPIRITS 4th-7th century AD A hand-raised ceramic bowl with narrow base and rounded rim, to the inner face an extensive Aramaic inked apotropaic inscription surrounding a central panel with profile image of a bearded and robed figure. 398 grams, 17.5cm (7"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; acquired from Mr Gilles Chaia; formerly from an early 20th century collection; accompanied by a copy of the original French passport number 063365; and a positive scientific analysis report from Ciram, France.

306

SOGDIAN TEXTILE FRAGMENT 7th century AD or later

305

A fragment of a Late Sassanian or Sogdian silk, representing a ruler hunting a lion on horseback using a composite bow, his costume consisting of a very elaborate head-dress composed of a diademcrown, with a disc on the forehead an ensemble fastened to it from above presenting a winged disc surmounted by a crescent and a sphere in the middle, with the long ends of a band hanging behind, forming a Sassanian royal crown; the body is clothed in a kaftan secured by a kamar belt, a short jacket, leggings; riding a brown horse with a very elaborate horse harness, the quarry a spirited lion on the right side; all bordered by a hexagonal frame, with foliage and garlands on the edges, other foliage decoration on the corners and under the horseman. 24 grams, 30 x 30cm (12 x 12"). Fair condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,750 - 3,850 USD 3,240 - 4,540 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10168-166853. Literature See Ghirsman, R., Persian Art. The Parthian and Sassanian Dynasties, New York, 1962; Feltham, H., Lions, Silks and Silver: The Influence of Sasanian Persia,Philadelphia, 2010, fig.9, for a similar silk piece; Yatsenko, S.J., 'Sogdian Costume in Chinese and Sogdian Art of the 6th-8th cc' in Malinowski, G., Paro, A. and Szmoniewski, B.Sz., Serica – Da Qin. Studies in Archaeology, Philology and History on Sino Western Relations (Selected Problems), Wrocław, 2012. Footnotes Sassanian weavers, possibly building on Syrian draw-loom technology, developed a compound weft silk twill with elaborate repeating motifs such as winged lions, hunting scenes, tree of life patterns, and opposing birds, each motif enclosed within a pearl-like roundel, and each group of roundels separated by scrolling, geometric plant forms. Both the heraldic animal and human elements and the interlocking plant motifs inspired Eastern and Western design for centuries to come. Sogdiana was a centre of trade both in raw silk from China and in textiles. Part of the Sassanian empire until the midsixth century, its oasis cultures traded in and copied luxury goods, particularly silks, developing looms and techniques designed to produce the highly desirable international style. In the late sixth century, the Sogdian merchant and weaver, He Tuo, arrived in Nanking, China. One of the favourite motifs was the royal lion hunt. Lions and lion hunts are still motifs of the arts of Iran and Central Asia, and both feature prominently in the designs of carpets such as the Iranian Fars rugs and the animal rugs of Khotan.

306

104

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Chinese & Far Eastern Also see lots 1589 - 1711

Lots 307 - 358 105


307

307

CHINESE MILITARY WATCHTOWER MODEL WITH MOAT Han Dynasty, 206 BC-220 AD An important lead-glazed ceramic multi-part watchtower model, set in a bowl representing a surrounding moat; the openwork tower standing on stilts with two terraced levels with separately made military personnel, one with an aimed bow; the moat with applied turtles, fish and frogs. 20.9 kg total, 93cm (36½"). Finely modelled. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,010 - 15,420 USD 12,970 - 18,160 Provenance This was the centrepiece of the celebrated collection of art formed by the famous anthropologist, artist and television presenter Desmond Morris; sold by private treaty in 2018; formerly in a West Country collection in the 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10169-166777.

106

Literature See National Gallery of Australia, accession number NGA 2002.374.A-C; see also Minneapolis Institute of Art, accession number 98.69a,b, for similar but with one level; see also The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 1984.397a, b, for a watchtower without a moat. Footnotes In Imperial China, powerful images from the human and spirit world were created as funerary goods (mingqi), such as this architectural model of a watchtower which was made to accompany the deceased in their afterlife. The models were miniature versions of buildings that the deceased would have been familiar with during his life and would also contain a number of clay objects formed as animals, grain silos, stoves, textiles, cosmetic kits, combs and anything that would have made the deceased comfortable in his afterlife. This model is similar to the watchtowers erected along the Great Wall during the same period.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


308

310

309

308

LARGE CHINESE GUARDIAN FIGURE Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A ceramic figure formed as a victorious guardian standing on the back of a struggling grotesque figure on an integral hollow plinth; the guard’s arms and fists indicate a weapon-carrying stance, he wears a helmet and armour plating which terminates with dragon-heads at the arms; the terrified figure beneath him is an animal-human hybrid, with large ears, protrusions on the forehead and animal’s paws; red, black, green and blue painted pigmentation survives. 29.6 kg, 1.04m (41"). Finely modelled. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,750 - 3,850 USD 3,240 - 4,540 Provenance From the estate of an important deceased Japanese art collector; the collection formed 1960-2010; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence report no.41CM110520 issued by Laboratory Kotalla; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10170-166758. Literature See Prodan, M., The Art of The Tang Potter, Thames & Hudson, 1960, fig.40, for a comparable example and discussion.

309

LARGE CHINESE TERRACOTTA WARRIOR GUARDIAN FIGURE Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A ceramic figure modelled standing on a crescent-shaped base; the guard wears an aggressive facial expression- his eyebrows are raised,

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

eyes wide open, nostrils flared and teeth bared; he wears a domed helmet with spike and lateral flaps, pauldrons, segmented cuirass and skirt; right hand placed on the hip and left hand extended to grip a spear or pole-arm; black, red and yellow pigmentation survives. 7.5 kg, 68.5cm (27"). Finely modelled. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210 Provenance From a west country collection in the 1990s; previously in a Hong Kong collection; accompanied by a copy of a thermoluminescence test report issued by Laboratory Kotalla of Germany, report number 40CM110520.

310

CHINESE TERRACOTTA WARRIOR GUARDIAN FIGURE Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A hollow-formed ceramic figure of a guard standing on the shoulders of a grotesque figure kneeling on an integral base; the guard is modelled in an aggressive bodily stance, wears a fierce facial expression, a fiery headpiece crowned by a phoenix, and armour plating with dragon-head terminals at the shoulders; red, blue, green and black pigmentation survives. 4.4 kg, 63cm (24¾"). Finely modelled. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From a west country collection in the 1990s; previously in a Hong Kong collection; accompanied by a copy of a thermoluminescence test report issued by Laboratory Kotalla of Germany, report number 43CM110520.

107


311

311

CHINESE FAT LADY MUSICIAN AND DANCER SET Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A mixed group of five hollow-formed ceramic figures modelled as robed musicians and dancers, standing on integral bases; each musician plays a different wind or string instrument, while the dancers adopt mirroring poses; blue, black, red and green painted pigment survives. 3.8 kg total, 22-24.5cm (8¾ - 9¾"). Finely modelled. [5] £7,000 - 9,000 EUR 7,710 - 9,910 USD 9,080 - 11,670 Provenance From a London, UK, collection; formerly in a West Country collection, Bath, UK, 1970s-1990s; accompanied by a copy of a positive thermoluminescence report issued by Oxford Authentication, no.C115a71, for one of the figures; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10171-166778. Literature See Michaelson, C., Gilded Dragons. Buried Treasures from China’s Golden Ages, British Museum Press, 1999, for discussion and comparable Tang ceramic figures.

312

CHINESE DANCING FIGURE AND OBSERVER PAIR Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD 312

A group of ceramic figures comprising: one standing female dancer, one arm raised above her head, the other by her side, wearing a floorlength robe with long sleeves, her hair dressed in a bun; a male figure standing on an integral base, head turned to his right, arms held against chest, hands clasped together, wearing a tunic, boots and a cap; red, green and black painted pigment surviving on both figures. 990 grams total, 28.5cm each (11¼"). Finely modelled, observer head repaired. [2] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From the collection of an American lady living in London; acquired before 2000.

313

CHINESE FEMALE DANCER Han Dynasty, 206 BC-220 AD A hollow-formed ceramic figure modelled as a female dancer wearing a floor-length robe, long sleeves concealing her arms and hands, with the right sleeve thrown over her shoulder, the left held by her side, hair extending down the back; pink, cream and black pigmentation surviving. 7 kg, 57cm (22½"). Finely modelled. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 313

108

Provenance From a west country collection in the 1990s; previously in a Hong Kong collection; accompanied by a copy of a thermoluminescence test report issued by Laboratory Kotalla of Germany, report number 48CM110520.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


314

CHINESE KNEELING FEMALE FIGURE Han Dynasty, 206 BC-220 AD A ceramic female figure modelled kneeling, hands held within voluminous sleeves in front of the torso and face; the figure wears a long robe, hair tied in a low knot down the back; painted red pigmentation survives. 6.5 kg, 43cm (17"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910

314

Provenance From the deceased estate of an important Japanese art collector; the collection formed 1960-2010.

315

CHINESE SICHUAN DANCING LADY Han Dynasty, 206 BC-220 AD A hollow-formed terracotta figure of a dancing lady in floor length gown with extended sleeves, diadem of flowers to the hair, right arm raised and left hand clutching the gown at the hip. 5.5 kg, 58cm (23"). Finely modelled. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From the collection of an American lady living in London; acquired before 2000; accompanied by an Oxford Authentication thermoluminescence analysis report no.C100a35, dated 7 January 2000.

315 Literature See Prodan, M., The Art of The T’ang Potter, Thames and Hudson, 1960, for discussion.

316

CHINESE FIGURE OF A GROOM Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A terracotta figure, probably a camel trainer or groom, standing on a rectangular base; black and red painted pigment survives. 3 kg, 48cm (19"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From a west country collection in the 1990s; previously in a Hong Kong collection; accompanied by a copy of a thermoluminescence test report issued by Laboratory Kotalla of Germany, report number 44CM110520. Footnotes The depiction of a myriad of foreign figures from Russia to Persia shows the extent of the use of these foreigners within the Tang court.

317

316

CHINESE SEATED TEMPLE STATUE Late Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 AD A substantial hollow-formed ceramic statue formed as a seated figure holding an oval disk against the torso, resting one hand on a knee, and wearing a floor-length layered robe and ribbed headdress; face with thin eyes, raised brows, pursed lips and ears with elongated robes; blue, red, yellow and green painted pigment survives. 64.2 kg total, 74cm (29"). Fair condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From the important collection of Chinese art formed in Japan. Literature See Lili, F., Chinese Ceramics, Cambridge, 2010, for discussion.

317

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

109


318

CHINESE HORSE AND RIDER Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A finely modelled hollow-formed ceramic figurine of a horse and rider; the horse standing on a rectangular base with neck bent and head turned, wide eyes, ears pricked and mouth open, painted facial details and bridle and harness detailing in red, moulded saddle; the male rider wearing a riding jacket with tight sleeves and riding boots, riding cap to the head, hands raised to the waist to hold the reins. 5.7 kg, 53cm (21"). Finely modelled. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190

318

Provenance From a 1970s West Country collection, latterly in a London collection; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence report issued by Laboratory Kotalla; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10172166765. Literature See Prodan, M., The Art of The T’ang Potter, Thames and Hudson, 1960, for discussion and comparable examples.

319

CHINESE LADY ON HORSEBACK Han Dynasty, 206 BC-220 AD An unglazed ceramic figure formed as a standing horse with detachable female rider; rider with dressed hair, ample sleeves, layered robes and painted face; horse with erect neck and head, ears pinned back, painted face, bridle, harness and saddle rug; hole for separately formed tail, now absent. 9.3 kg, 60cm (23½"). Finely modelled. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110

319

Provenance From the collection of an American lady living in London; acquired before 2000; accompanied by an Oxford Authentication thermoluminescence analysis report no.C100a36, dated 7 January 2000. Literature See Prodan, M., The Art of The T’ang Potter, Thames and Hudson, 1960, for comparable examples and discussion.

320

LARGE CHINESE CAMEL AND RIDER Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A ceramic figure formed as a Bactrian camel with rider, standing on an integral base; the camel’s neck and head are thrown back and it wears a decorated riding rug; the detachable rider faces forwards, legs either side of the saddle, arms and hands poised to hold reigns; painted red, blue and white pigmentation survives. 3 kg, 39cm (15¼"). Finely modelled. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910

320

Provenance From the estate of an important deceased Japanese art collector; the collection formed 1960-2010.

321

CHINESE TERRACOTTA OX AND CART Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A ceramic figurine of an ox with shoulders hunched and head thrown back, separate rectangular cart with scooped roof, spoked wheels, two lateral spars. 2.3 kg total, 21-30cm (8¼ - 11¾"). Fair condition, repaired. [2] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From the private collection of the anthropologist and author Desmond Morris, previously displayed in his drawing room at his Oxford home; previously from a west country collection, Bath, UK.

321

110

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


322

323

322

CHINESE HORSE AND RIDER FIGURINE Late Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 AD A ceramic figurine of a horse and rider standing on a rectangular base, the rider with belted robe, buttoned jacket and riding boots, the horse with applied bridle and harness; hollow to the underside. 2.8 kg total, 38cm (15"). Finely modelled. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From a Cambridgeshire collection; acquired in the 1990s.

323

CHINESE HORSEMAN ROOF ORNAMENT Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 AD A polychrome glazed ceramic roof finial formed as a galloping horseman with arms raised and hands voided to accept reins, wearing battle armour; mounted on a custom-made stand. 10.3 kg, 47cm including stand (18½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From a North London collection; acquired on the UK art market.

324

VERY LARGE CHINESE HORSE Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A ceramic figure formed as a walking horse, saddled, head to one side, whinnying; ears erect, wide eyes beneath raised brows, cropped mane, open mouth, short dressed tail; musculature suggested by depressed lines of varying depths; suggestion of hair around the mouth; black, pink, red and grey painted pigmentation survives. 13.8 kg, 68cm (26¾"). Finely modelled. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780

324

Provenance From a 1970s west country collection, latterly in a London collection; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence report issued by Laboratory Kotalla; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10173166766. Literature See Thorp, R., Son of Heaven: Imperial Arts of China, Seattle, 1988.

325

CHINESE TERRACOTTA HORSE Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A ceramic figure of a standing horse with integral decorative bridle and harness, saddle with saddle-cloth; the horse with painted detailing and modelled with neck extended, mouth open and teeth exposed. 8 kg, 60cm (23½"). Finely modelled. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance From a west country collection in the 1990s; previously in a Hong Kong collection; accompanied by a copy of a thermoluminescence test report issued by Laboratory Kotalla of Germany, report number 19CM110520; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10174-164967.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

325

111


326

327 326

CHINESE CAPARISONED HORSE Northern Qi Dynasty, 550-577 AD A ceramic figure of a caparisoned horse standing on a rectangular base, band of ornamental bells to the chest, moulded bridle, saddle cloth with flared panels, painted detailing. 5.1 kg, 38cm (15"). Finely modelled. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance From a west country collection in the 1990s; previously in a Hong Kong collection; accompanied by a copy of a thermoluminescence test report issued by Laboratory Kotalla of Germany, report number 28CM110520; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10175-164968.

327

LARGE CHINESE SADDLED HORSE Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A ceramic figure of a horse on a rectangular base, standing with head turned, detailed modelling to the saddle and painted harness. 10.8 kg, 59cm height (23¼"). Finely modelled. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,750 - 3,850 USD 3,240 - 4,540 328

Provenance From the Cheuk family collection, Hong Kong, in the 1980s; by descent, London collection, 2012-2015; accompanied by copy of an Oxford Authentication thermoluminescence analysis report no.C118c66; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10176-164991.

328

CHINESE STANDING HORSE Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A ceramic figure of a horse standing on a rectangular base, integral saddle and saddle-cloth, hollow to the underside. 4 kg, 44cm height (17¼"). Finely modelled. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From the private collection of the anthropologist and author Desmond Morris, previously displayed in his drawing room at his Oxford home; previously from a west country collection, Bath, UK.

329

CHINESE TERRACOTTA CAMEL Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A ceramic figure of a camel standing on a rectangular base, moulded saddle bags and cargo detailing with painted spirals to the ships and shoulders. 4.3 kg, 40cm (15¾"). Finely modelled. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 329

112

Provenance From a west country collection in the 1990s; previously in a Hong Kong collection; accompanied by a copy of a thermoluminescence test report issued by Laboratory Kotalla of Germany, report number 16CM110520.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


330

CHINESE TERRACOTTA DOG Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A ceramic figure of a dog with harness straps to the chest and loop behind the shoulders, open mouth with exposed teeth. 4.9 kg, 36cm (14"). Finely modelled. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From a west country collection in the 1990s; previously in a Hong Kong collection; accompanied by a copy of a thermoluminescence test report issued by Laboratory Kotalla of Germany, report number 10CM110520.

330

331

CHINESE GUARDIAN DOG FIGURE Han Dynasty, 206 BC-220 AD A hollow-formed ceramic dog modelled sitting; wearing jewelled harness and collar; swirl motifs on body; surviving black, green and red pigmentation; circular opening on base. 3 kg, 34cm (13½"). Finely modelled. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From the private collection of Edward Lucie-Smith, an English writer, poet, art critic, curator and broadcaster; the collection formed since the 1990s.

332

331

CHINESE RABBIT PAIR Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD A pair of hollow-form ceramic rabbits: one standing, all four paws grounded, ears held aloft and back, cream-coloured body, painted pink detailing to ears and face; one standing on back paws, forepaws held at chest, ears erect, grey body with pink detailing to ears and face. 6.1 kg total, 26-34cm (10¼ - 13½"). Finely modelled, one ear repaired. [2] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; previously from a west country collection in the 1990s; one accompanied by a copy of a thermoluminescence test report issued by Laboratory Kotalla of Germany, report number 07CM110520; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10177164960.

332

333

CHINESE BUDDHA BRICK COLLECTION Northern Wei Dynasty, 386-534 AD A group of three polychrome terracotta tiles comprising: one with a standing Buddha beneath a canopy, aureole behind; one with a seated Buddha with his hand in Abhaya mudra of reassurance, lotus aureole behind; a seated Buddha beneath a canopy, his right leg resting on the left. 11.2 kg total, 32-33cm (12½ - 13"). Fine condition. [3] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market before 2000.

333

334

CHINESE BUDDHA BRICK COLLECTION Northern Wei Dynasty, 386-534 AD A group of three polychrome terracotta tiles comprising: one with a standing Buddha wearing voluminous robes, hands in Varada and Abhaya mudra; one with a seated Buddha beneath a canopy, hand in Varada mudra; one with a dancer in an active pose. 11.1 kg total, 32-33.5cm (12½ - 13¼"). Fair condition. [3] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market before 2000.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

334

113


335

336 335

CHINESE BUDDHA BRICK COLLECTION Northern Wei Dynasty, 386-534 AD A group of three polychrome terracotta bricks comprising: one with a Buddha seated beneath a canopy, left hand in Varada mudra, aureole behind; one with Buddha seated in lotus position, wearing a tall headdress, aureole behind; one with a Buddha seated, right foot resting against left knee, holding a long sash with his right hand, aureole behind. 12.4 kg total, 32.5-34cm (12¾ - 13½"). Fair condition. [3] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market before 2000.

336

CHINESE NEOLITHIC PAINTED JAR 4th-3rd millennium BC A ceramic piriform vessel with two integral lug handles, broad neck and everted rim; painted with a series of geometric motifs between circumferential bands. 2.4 kg, 28cm wide (11"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910

337

Provenance From an important collection of Chinese art formed in Japan.

337

CHINESE NEOLITHIC PAINTED JAR Late 4th-2nd millennium BC An asymmetrical storage vessel with piriform body, broad neck, lipped rim, two integral lug handles and flat base; decorated with a series of painted motifs to the circumference, including stylised quadrupeds to the rim, band above chevrons to the neck, stylised snakes(?) to the body and scallops below. 4.8 kg, 40cm (15¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From an important collection of Chinese art formed in Japan.

338

CHINESE NEOLITHIC PAINTED POTTERY JAR 3rd millennium BC A ceramic vase with conical lower body and bulbous upper with flat base and two loop handles, the neck broad and flared; black painted design to the upper body in chevrons and hatched discs. 3.7 kg, 36cm height (14"). Fine condition, repaired. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

338

Provenance From a west country collection in the 1990s; previously in a Hong Kong collection.

114

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


339

340

339

CHINESE NEOLITHIC PAINTED JAR Late 4th-2nd millennium BC A ceramic storage vessel with piriform body, everted rim, two integral lug handles and flat base; upper body painted with a series of geometric motifs, including chevrons, concentric circles with hatched infill, chevrons between, circumferential band and scalloped motif below. 3.6 kg, 40cm (15¾"). Fine condition, rim chipped. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From an important collection of Chinese art formed in Japan.

340

CHINESE NEOLITHIC PAINTED POTTERY JAR 3rd millennium BC A ceramic jar of piriform profile with broad neck and everted rim, two strap handles to the equator; the upper body, shoulder and neck with ochre colouration, painted design of chevron motifs between plain bands, zigzags to the neck. 2.1 kg, 33.5cm (13¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a west country collection in the 1990s; previously in a Hong Kong collection.

341

341

CHINESE PAINTED LIDDED JAR Han Dynasty, 206 BC-220 AD A ceramic vessel comprising a hemispherical body with shallow everted foot and band of painted decoration at the rim; shallower hemispherical lid with raised central ring, painted border around the rim, series of floral motifs and a central flower in red paint. 2 kg, 22cm wide (8¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a west country collection in the 1990s.

342

CHINESE RITUAL LIDDED WINE VESSEL Warring States Period, 475-221 BC A squat bronze ding vessel with three rounded legs, median ridge, two rectangular loop handles, domed lid with three knops. 1.7 kg, 20.5cm (8"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From the collection of an American lady living in London; acquired before 2000. Literature Cf. Song, L., Chinese Bronze Ware, Cambridge, 2011, p.33, for type.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

342

115


343

344

343

CHINESE GOLD DEATH MASK Liao Dynasty, 907-1125 AD A solid sheet-gold death mask with textured eyebrows, holes over the eyes, modelled facial features. 151 grams, 18.5cm (7¼"). Fine condition. £7,000 - 9,000 EUR 7,710 - 9,910 USD 9,080 - 11,670 Provenance Property of a Lincolnshire gentleman; acquired Campbell’s Auction sale, 2016, lot 506, with copy of sale pages; reputedly from the estate of a deceased jeweller; accompanied by an invoice from The Goldsmiths’ Company dated 22 January 2020 for testing and hallmarking at 22 carat gold; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10178-163827. Literature See discussion in Shimada, M., A Death-Mask of the Liao Period, in Artibus Asiae Vol. 13, No. 4, 1950.

116

Footnotes Sheet-metal death masks were a particular custom of the Chieta-tan tribe among the northern peoples of China in the Liao Period (11th-121th century AD), reported and commented upon by one by Wen-wei-chien in a document called Lu-ting-tsa-chi. The masks were made by hammering sheet metal over a wooden former, and were attached to the funerary display using bronze wire.

344

CHINESE ORDOS GILT PLAQUE PAIR 6th-2nd century BC A matched pair of gilt-bronze rectangular plaques each with low-relief scene of two beasts in combat within a ropework double border, three attachment loops to the reverse. 199 grams total, 97-98mm (4"). Fine condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman, assembled 1965-2018.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


345 345

CHINESE GILT STAG AND WOLF BELT PLAQUE PAIR 5th-7th century BC A matched pair of gilt belt plaques formed as stags being attacked by wolves, two suspension lugs to the reverse of each; a stag, facing right, its front and hind legs tucked beneath it, long horns stretching along its back, a stylised wolf biting it at the neck; the second ornament with the same design only facing left. 132 grams total, 99mm each (4"). Fine condition. [2] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Property of a private New York collection; since the 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10179-167715. Literature See Aruz, J., edn., The Golden Deer of Eurasia, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000, for comparable examples. Published Pang, T., Treasures of the Eurasian Steppes: Animal Art from 800 BC to AD 200, New York, 1998, p.60, no.59.

346

346

CHINESE ORDOS GALLOPING STAG MOUNT 6th-2nd century BC A substantial bronze mount formed as a stylised galloping stag with long antlers; legs folded beneath the body, large circular eye, decorative lines on the legs, hoofs and antlers; two lugs to the reverse; mounted on a custom-made stand. 102 grams total, 10.1cm (4"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Acquired from F.E. Nejad, Zurich, Switzerland, 6th November 1988.

347

CHINESE ORDOS CROUCHING TAPIR MOUNT 6th-2nd century BC A bronze mount of a profile beast, possibly a Cambodian tapir(?) with arched back and short, bent legs, long muzzle, ridge of bristles to the back; mounted on a custom-made stand. 74 grams total, 76mm (3"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

347

Provenance Acquired from F.E. Nejad, Zurich, Switzerland, 6th November 1988.

348

CHINESE ORDOS ANIMAL HEAD COLLECTION 4th century BC A group of three bronze animal heads comprising: two profile canine heads each with openwork gaping mouth, pricked ear, raised annular eye; a bovine head formed as a finial with mounting flanges and transverse rivet; each mounted on a custom-made stand. 289 grams total, 66-74mm including stand (2½ - 3"). Fine condition. [3] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman, his collection assembled 1965-2018.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

348

117


349

350

351 349

CHINESE ORDOS STANDING FIGURE GROUP

351

CHINESE JADE BOWL WITH FLORAL DESIGN

4th century BC

Qing Dynasty, 1616-1911 AD

A group of two bronze figures, one standing with hands placed beside the ears and fingers spread, the other with arms bent and fingers placed flat on the abdomen; each mounted on a custom-made stand. 82 grams total, 62-66mm including stand (2½"). Fine condition. [2] £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300

A Mughal carved jade bowl with basal ring, band of radiating tongueshaped panels to the underside and scrolled foliage. 458 grams, 19cm (7½"). Very fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170

Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman, his collection assembled 1965-2018.

Provenance From the Sidhu family collection; previously the property of the current owner’s late grandfather, Mr Havildar Sundar Singh Sidhu, who migrated from India to Kenya to become chief scoutmaster for Kenya in the 1950s, and later emigrated to London bringing with him his substantial collection, in the 1960s.

350

CHINESE BLACK POT WITH FLORAL DESIGN Late Qing Dynasty, 1616-1911 AD A Mughal moulded black glass jar with stepped base, barrel-shaped body, tiered mouth; band of scrolled foliage to the sidewall. 251 grams, 88mm (3½"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From the Sidhu family collection; previously the property of the current owner’s late grandfather, Mr Havildar Sundar Singh Sidhu, who migrated from India to Kenya to become chief scoutmaster for Kenya in the 1950s, and later emigrated to London bringing with him his substantial collection, in the 1960s.

118

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


352

352

SOUTH EAST ASIAN VAJTASATTA BUDDHA SEATED ON LOTUS BASE 10th-12th century AD A sandstone figure of Buddha seated with legs crossed in the ritual of vajtasatta purification, hair drawn up to the ushnisha, low-relief urna to the brow, a lotus flower held in each hand. 95 kg total, 1.05m including stand (41½"). Fine condition. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,010 - 15,420 USD 12,970 - 18,160

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Property of an East Sussex gentleman; from his private collection formed between 1983 and 1990; formerly in a South East London collection formed in the 1970s; accompanied by a scholarly note no. TL5316 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10180167432.

119


353

353

SOUTH EAST ASIAN VAJRAYANA MALE DEITY STATUE 11th-13th century AD A carved schist statue of Indra standing on a rectangular base with stud to the underside; the god with legs bent wearing a pleated skirt, hands held in the Gyan mudra gesture of wisdom; mounted on a custom-made stand. 66.5 kg total, 1.26m including stand (49½"). Fine condition. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,810 - 11,010 USD 10,380 - 12,970

120

Provenance Property of an East Sussex gentleman; from his private collection formed between 1983 and 1990; formerly in a South East London collection formed in the 1970s; accompanied by a scholarly note no. TL5314 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10181167430.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


354

354

SOUTH EAST ASIAN SHIVA STATUE 10th-12th century AD A carved sandstone figure fragment of Shiva (Mahadeva) standing wearing a tight-fitting sampot; stern facial features and detailed kiritamukuta headdress; mounted on a custom-made stand. 59.4 kg total, 1.34m including stand (52¾"). Fine condition. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,810 - 11,010 USD 10,380 - 12,970

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire gentleman since 1990; previously in a private collection formed in the 1980s; accompanied by a scholarly note no. TL5315 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10182-167419.

121


355

SOUTH EAST ASIAN LAKSHMI STATUE 9th-11th century AD A sandstone carved statue of Lakshmi wearing a pleated sampot with sash tied at the hips; mounted on a custom-made stand. 5.8 kg total, 60cm including stand (23½"). Fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,750 - 3,850 USD 3,240 - 4,540 Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire gentleman since 1990; previously in a private collection formed in the 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10183-167422.

356

SOUTH EAST ASIAN HARIHARA STATUE 9th-11th century AD A carved sandstone statue of Shiva in four-armed, Harihara manifestation, a composite of forms of Shiva and Vishnu wearing a cylindrical headdress; a simple sampot secured at the waist; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 12.7 kg total, 82cm including stand (32¼"). Fine condition, neck repaired. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire gentleman since 1990; previously in a private collection formed in the 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10184-167421.

355

356

357

SOUTH EAST ASIAN HEAD OF AVALOKITESHVARA 10th-12th century AD A sandstone head of Avalokiteshvara from a statue, with makuta crown of braided hair and miniature Buddha figure to the forward face; mounted on a custom-made stand. 4.5 kg total, 32cm including stand (12½"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire gentleman since 1990; previously in a private collection formed in the 1980s.

358

THAI BRONZE STANDING BUDDHA 17th century AD A substantial bronze Buddha figure standing barefooted and wearing a long robe; hair dressed in tight curls and wrapped around ushnisha, lentoid eyes, broad nose, full lips, elongated earlobes, ornamentation worn at the neck, both hands forming mudras; integral round-section lug below, forming an arc between the feet. 5.5kg, 46cm (18¼"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance Acquired for the ‘Buckingham Collection’ by the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert; the collection formed from the early 1960s to early 1970s. Literature See Lutz, A. et al., The Return of the Buddha. The Qingzhou Discoveries, London, 2002, for discussion. Footnotes In Thailand statues of the Buddha can be found in a variety of poses, with those standing being particularly popular. The position of the hands relate to various episodes in the life of the Buddha and help the devotee in their mindful practice.

357

122

358

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


India & Region Also see lots 1712 - 1785

Lots 359 - 402 123


359

GANDHARAN FIVE-SECTION STUPA 3rd-5th century AD

359

A hollow square base for reliquary deposits, each exterior panel a rectangular columnar niche featuring a central Buddha figure flanked by two attendants or devotees; square stupa base, a larger square ‘lid’ with central circular piercing and raised rim which takes a round collar, decorated in a square-billet design; a dome featuring three tiers of decorative motif followed by a lotus flower design and a central apse featuring two Buddha figures; a central shallow circular recess in the top of the dome; a marriage. 67.1 kg, 60cm (23½"). Fair condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,510 - 7,710 USD 6,490 - 9,080 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired in London prior to 2000; previously in a 1970s collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10185-163930. Literature See Jongeward, D., Buddhist Art of Gandhara In The Ashmolean Museum, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 2019, pp.22-30, for discussion.

360

GANDHARAN MEDITATING BUDDHA 2nd-3rd century AD A carved schist statue of Buddha sitting cross-legged on a dais with drapery and crouching figures, the body with loose uttariya mantle, the hair swept back with ushnisha above; mounted on a custom-made stand. 7.9 kg total, 38cm including stand (15"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance From a private German collection since the 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10186-167576.

360

Literature Cf. Jongeward, D., Buddhist Art of Gandhara in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 2018, item 64.

361

GANDHARAN MEDITATING BUDDHA WITH AUREOLE 2nd-4th century AD A stone carved figure of a nimbate Buddha seated in meditation on a throne displaying a central prayer wheel flanked by recumbent animals in high-relief; the aureole is carved with a decorative border; the figure wears long robes, hair tied back around ushnisha, raised urna, hands held in lap. 1.5 kg, 21cm (8¼"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210 Provenance Property of a Swedish private collector living in Stockholm; acquired in 1986 on the French antique market in Paris; formerly in the private collection of a Japanese collector living in Paris; believed to have been in his family collection since the 1970s.

361

124

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


362

GANDHARAN BUST OF HERAKLES 3rd-5th century AD A carved schist male bust dressed in a lion-skin hood and cloak, possibly Herakles-Vajrapani, in Graeco-Indian style with thick beard falling in tiers and luxuriant hair; mounted on a custom-made stand. 2.3 kg total, 21cm including stand (8¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From a Japanese collection, 1990s.

362 Footnotes Vajrapani, in Mahayana Buddhism, is extensively represented as one of the earliest three protective deities or bodhisattvas surrounding the Buddha. Each of them symbolises one of the Buddha's virtues: Manjushri manifests all the Buddhas' wisdom, Avalokiteshvara manifests all the Buddhas' immense compassion, and Vajrapani protects Buddha and manifests all the Buddhas' power. The Greeks who settled in the area introduced their own style of art and religion, often mixing these with indigenous styles and beliefs, and thus Vajrapani became associated with Herakles and is often depicted as the heroic demi-god, standing by the side of the Buddha.

363

GANDHARAN PANEL WITH BIRTH OF BUDDHA SCENE 2nd-4th century AD A carved schist panel featuring five figures in high-relief, framed within an arch; this is the scene of the birth of Buddha, with Queen Maya at centre beneath a tree, Buddha emerging from her right side into a swaddling cloth held by Indra, Brahma to his right, the Queen supported by her sister and another attendant; sections of a hatched lozengiform design which once covered the arch survive; mounted on a custom-made stand. 5 kg total, 28cm including stand (11"). Fine condition. £500 - 600 EUR 550 - 660 USD 650 - 780

363

Provenance From a Japanese collection, 1990s. Literature See The Art Institute of Chicago, The Birth and the First Seven Steps of the Buddha, gray schist relief, Gandhara, 2nd or 3rd century CE, for a comparable example.

364

GANDHARAN STANDING BUDDHA WITH ATTENDANT 2nd-3rd century AD A carved schist frieze fragment featuring a standing nimbate Buddha figure accompanied by a robed attendant; the Buddha’s feet are exposed at the bottom of long robes, the earlobes are elongated and the hair wrapped around the ushnisha; mounted on a custom-made stand. 2.8 kg total, 28.5cm including stand (11¼"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910

364

Provenance From a Japanese collection, 1990s.

365

GANDHARAN SEATED BODHISATTVA 2nd-4th century AD A carved stone fragment featuring a seated bodhisattva, feet resting on a lotus flower base; the figure is nimbate and wears an elaborate turban, neck ornamentation and long robe with tactile folds; his facial expression is contemplative, his posture turned slightly to his right as though in communication with the second seated figure in the scene; mounted on a custom-made stand. 4.8 kg total, 33.5cm including stand (13¼"). Fair condition. £450 - 650 EUR 500 - 720 USD 580 - 840 Provenance From a collection formed in the 1970s; originally from a Mayfair gallery. Footnotes In Buddhist religious belief, a bodhisattva is an individual who is destined for Buddhahood and who has embarked on that spiritual path.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

365

125


366

GANDHARAN HUMAN HEAD COLLECTION 1st-5th century AD

366

A mixed group of ten stucco heads, comprising: one head with wavy hair drawn around ushnisha, elongated earlobe; one with wavy hair, pencil brows, prominent eyes and round chin; one with uhsnisha, scooped hairline, pursed lips and chin running into neck; one with round face, round eyes and moustache; one with oval face, headdress, broad nose and double-chin; one with ovoid face, scooped hairline, curly hair wrapped around ushnisha, elongated earlobes, heavy eyelids, wearing a subtle smile; a head with oval face, hair wrapped around ushnisha, texture indicated with dashed recesses, heavy eyelids and pursed lips; one with tall ushnisha, and rounded chin; one face with partial hairline, wide eyes, long nose, full lips and rounded chin; one with cropped hair beneath cap, two ringlets falling onto the forehead. 2.8 kg total, 6.8-13.2cm (2½ - 5¼"). Fair condition. [10] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of a Middlesex collector; acquired on the London art market before 2000; formerly in an old English collection.

367

GANDHARAN HEAD COLLECTION 1st-5th century AD A group of eleven stucco heads, faces and busts: a pair of possible corbel stops modelled as female heads, their hair dressed in tight curls, their faces and eyes emphatically round; a second possible corbel stop modelled as the bust of a cowled, balding male figure; a fragment of a finely modelled male face with heavy brow and wide eyes under thick eyebrows giving the impression of a pensive mood; a second face modelled with wide eyes looking straight ahead; a full face with ‘piecrust’ detailing around the hairline; a head with hair dressed round an ushnisha and a smiling expression; a head with asymmetrical facial features, aquiline nose, hair tightly scraped back into a bun, red pigmentation surviving on the lips; a head with surviving ear detailing, pursed lips and recessed urna; a head with hair dressed elaborately in what appears to be a diadem, ringlets of hair falling to the shoulders, elongated earlobes and full lips; a head with full face, heavy eyelids and textured hair. 3 kg total, 5.5-13cm (2¼ - 5"). Fair condition. [11] £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired in London prior to 2000; previously in a 1970s collection.

367 368

GANDHARAN HEAD COLLECTION 1st-5th century AD A group of ceramic human and animal heads; one face of a lion with wrinkled nose, wide eyes, ears and detailing to the mane; one head with hair dressed in distinctive swirls around recessed urna, prominent lentoid eyes with heavy lids and full pursed lips; one head with hair dressed in a series of textured ridges and a smile beneath a bulbous nose; a head surmounted by a diadem, straight nose and full lips; an oval head with elongated earlobes, recessed urna, raised eyebrows and pinched lips and dished chin; a head with elaborate turban featuring a series of discoid panels. 6.4 kg total, 13.5-18cm (5¼ - 7"). Fair condition. [6] £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired in London prior to 2000; previously in a 1970s collection.

368

126

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369

GANDHARAN HEAD COLLECTION 1st-5th century AD A group of six stucco heads of varying sizes and styles; the expression of each head varies; some are modelled with elongated earlobes, elaborate turbans or ushnishas, others with raised urnas; some with surviving pigmentation. 4.6 kg total, 13-16cm (5 - 6¼"). Fair condition. [6] £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300

369

Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired in London prior to 2000; previously in a 1970s collection.

370

LARGE INDUS VALLEY MEHRGARH PAINTED STORAGE VESSEL WITH BULLS 3rd-2nd millennium BC A large ceramic storage vessel with bulbous body, short neck, broad everted rim and convex base; the upper body is decorated with a series of concentric bands to the shoulder, a stylised wavy line between; below are paintings of zebu bulls and antelope standing between borders, with symbolic motifs in the field; much black pigmentation survives, along with fragments of other colours. 7.2 kg, 37cm wide (14½"). Fine condition, repaired. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired in London prior to 2000; previously in a 1970s collection.

370

371

INDUS VALLEY TILE FRAGMENT WITH BEAST 3rd-2nd millennium BC A sub-rectangular ceramic tile fragment with a band of chevrons between two plain lines below the front legs, neck and head of a quadruped, all in raised relief. 6.1 kg, 30cm (11¾"). Fair condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s.

372

LARGE INDUS VALLEY HARAPPAN PROTO SHIVA STAMP SEAL WITH ANIMALS 28th-19th century BC A substantial square limestone stamp seal with intaglio design comprising a line of undeciphered Harappan script above a large central human figure wearing a headdress made from a horned bull’s head; the male, possibly tricephalic, is seated on a pedestal, legs arranged in a meditative position; he is surrounded by smaller representations of human and animal figures including an elephant, a rhinoceros, a tiger, a bull(?) and two butting ibex(?) below. 38 grams, 41mm (1 5/8"). Fine condition, repaired. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890

371

Provenance Property of a Middlesex collector; acquired on the London art market before 2000; formerly in an old English collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10187-167175. Literature See The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 49.40.1 and The British Museum, accession number 1947,0416.4, for similar type; see Srinivasan, D., The So-Called Proto-iva Seal from Mohenjo-Daro: An Iconological Assessment, Duke University Press, 1975-1976, for discussion; see The National Museum, New Delhi.

372

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

127


373

LARGE INDUS VALLEY MATURE HARAPPAN STAMP SEAL WITH BULL 26th-19th century BC

373

A ceramic rectangular stamp seal with ribbed suspension loop, underside with an image of a long-horned bull before an altar or incense burner, a decorative quilt on its back, inscription above. 26.7 grams total, 16-25mm (¾ - 1"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a Middlesex collector; acquired on the London art market before 2000; formerly in an old English collection. Literature See The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 49.40.1 and The British Museum, accession number 1947,0416.4, for similar.

374

INDUS VALLEY MATURE HARAPPAN STAMP SEAL WITH BULL 374

26th-19th century BC A ceramic rectangular stamp seal with ribbed suspension loop, underside with an image of a long-horned bull before an altar or incense burner, a decorative quilt on its back, inscription above. 10.4 grams, 24mm (1"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a Middlesex collector; acquired on the London art market before 2000; formerly in an old English collection. Literature See The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 49.40.1, for similar.

375

375

INDUS VALLEY MATURE HARAPPAN STAMP SEAL COLLECTION WITH BULLS 26th-19th century BC A group of five ceramic stamp seals, each with a profile image of a bull with an inscription above. 21.6 grams, 33mm (1¼"). Fair condition, one repaired. [5] £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a Middlesex collector; acquired on the London art market before 2000; formerly in an old English collection. Literature See The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 49.40.1, for similar.

376

376

INDUS VALLEY AMULETIC SEAL COLLECTION WITH BEASTS 3rd-2nd millennium BC A mixed group of square and discoid limestone seals each with an intaglio rosette or zoomorphic design. 27 grams total, 13-23mm (½ 1"). Fine condition. [7] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired in London prior to 2000; previously in a 1970s collection.

377

INDUS VALLEY AMULETIC SEAL COLLECTION WITH ANIMALS 3rd-2nd millennium BC A mixed group of square, discoid and other stone seals each with an intaglio motif or geometric design. 43 grams total,10-24mm (¼ - 1"). Fine condition. [12] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 377

128

Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired in London prior to 2000; previously in a 1970s collection.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


378

INDUS VALLEY INSCRIBED AMULET COLLECTION 3rd-2nd millennium BC A mixed group of square and cylindrical limestone seals each with an intaglio motif or raised inscription. 24.8 grams total, 26-29mm (1"). Fine condition. [6] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired in London prior to 2000; previously in a 1970s collection.

378

379

INDUS VALLEY AMULETIC SEAL COLLECTION 3rd-2nd millennium BC A mixed group of discoid limestone seals each with an intaglio rosette or quatrefoil motif or geometric design. 52 grams total, 10-24mm (¼ - 1"). Fine condition. [20] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired in London prior to 2000; previously in a 1970s collection.

380

INDUS VALLEY AMULETIC SEAL COLLECTION WITH ANIMALS 3rd-2nd millennium BC A mixed group of square and discoid limestone seals each with an intaglio bird motif or geometric design. 25 grams total, 13-24mm (½ 1"). Fine condition. [5] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired in London prior to 2000; previously in a 1970s collection.

381

379

INDUS VALLEY SEAL BEAD NECKLACE 3rd-2nd millennium BC A restrung necklace of graduated limestone tabular beads with annular spacers, centrepiece a tabular bead with radiating gryphons to one face and deer to the other. 29 grams, 74cm (29"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; his collection formed in the late 1980searly 1990s.

380

381

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129


382

CENTRAL ASIAN SEATED HARITI FIGURINE 2nd century BC-2nd century AD A bronze figure of a seated female, probably the goddess Hariti, with hair drawn back in a chignon, large annular earrings and beaded collar, girdle and draped robe with closure to the lap; right hand extended palm-upwards, left hand holding a curved implement, possibly a wine-skin with stopper; legs crossed at the ankles, peg to the underside, small socket to the top of the head; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 290 grams, 11.5cm including stand (4½"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Property of a London collector; from her family’s private collection; formerly with a London gallery; acquired in the 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10188-164073.

383

INDUS VALLEY SILVER STAMP SEAL WITH WINGED GODDESS 2nd millennium BC 382

A silver openwork seal with loop handle, segmented image of a standing figure with raised arms, surrounded by a guilloche ring. 24.3 grams, 47mm (1¾"). Fine condition. £250 - 350 EUR 280 - 390 USD 320 - 450 Provenance Property of a London collector, acquired early 1990s.

384

INDUS VALLEY STAMP SEAL WITH BACTRIAN CAMEL Late 3rd millennium BC

383

A bronze discoid stamp seal with loop handle; accompanied by an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993; see online for full listing. 64 grams, 55mm (2¼"). Fine condition, usage wear. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number T-170; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

385

INDUS VALLEY STAMP SEAL COLLECTION WITH SCORPION Early 2nd millennium BC 384 A mixed group of bronze seals comprising: one with semi-circle pattern to the outer border, unidentified design to the centre, and four accompanied by typed and signed notes by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993; see online for full listing. 245 grams total, 50-64mm (2-2½"). Fine condition. [5] £350 - 450 EUR 390 - 500 USD 450 - 580 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; collection numbers Z-133, U-457, R-845, T-568, T683, academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

386 385

INDUS VALLEY STAMP SEAL COLLECTION WITH ANIMALS Late 3rd-2nd millennium BC A group of three bronze stamp seals comprising: one in the form of a crouched horned quadruped with large eye and compartmented body, inverted u-shaped handle to reverse; one in the form of a horned bull with compartmented body, filled with zig-zag lines, handle to reverse; and one discoid with openwork design of a monkey with curved tail and triangular object upon its back, strap handle to the reverse. 68 grams total, 43-48mm (1¾-2"). Fine condition. [3] £350 - 450 EUR 390 - 500 USD 450 - 580

386

130

Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; collection numbers R-904, N 87, 228, academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


387

388

387

388

INDUS VALLEY STAMP SEAL COLLECTION WITH ANIMALS

LARGE DECCAN SULTANATE PERIOD STONE LION

Late 3rd-1st millennium BC

16th century AD

A mixed group of five bronze seals, all accompanied by typed and signed notes by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993; see online for full listing. 99 grams total, 30-43mm (1¼- 1¾"). Fine condition. [5] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

A carved sandstone recumbent lion on an integral rectangular base; the animal is facing forwards, mouth open baring two rows of vicious teeth; long tail held along back, finely carved detail to forepaws, head, face, mane and textured coat; face re-cut. ("). Fair condition, left paw repaired. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190

Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; collection numbers U-679, R-947, V-821, D-49, K7, academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s.

131


389

390

132

389

390

HABARRID SINDH DOUBLE LION BASE

MAKLI TYPE PLINTH WITH LIONS

9th-10th century AD

16th century AD

A rectangular carved stone slab with two lions in high-relief, peering over the edge of the slab; each is set within a tiered rectangular recess; the lions have wide eyes and snarling jaws baring teeth; geometric frieze below; two square piercings to the reverse, remains of pigment. 32.6 kg, 64cm (25¼"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890

A tiered carved sandstone plinth with two lions lying side by side, tails to the side, hind legs tucked beneath them, heads resting on outstretched forelegs extending over the plinth edge; details on paws, faces, heads and manes are well-rendered. 45.5 kg, 52cm (20½"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210

Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10189-166352.

Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


391

392

391

MUGHAL MATHURA RED MOTTLED STONE OPENWORK PANEL 18th century AD A substantial rectangular carved openwork red stone panel comprising; an archway with barley-twist columns, scrolled capitals and cinquefoil arch topped by stylised flower and flanked by rosettes; archway filled with geometric designs including stars, flowers and rhomboids. 56 kg, 1.23m (48½"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s.

392

LARGE DECCAN CARVED PANEL 17th century AD A substantial stone panel carved with floral motifs carved in highrelief; a central flower with double-armed flourishes supporting shell designs, flanked by flowers on circular bosses in the corners. 66.4 kg, 1.10m (43¼"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s.

393

LARGE MUGHAL CARVED MORTAR 17th century AD A substantial carved white limestone mortar with cylindrical body; the mortar has a flat rim and is carved with a circumferential frieze of organic floral motifs to the neck, panels featuring arches surrounded by floral and foliate designs to the body, also a single section of interlaced lozengiform shapes creating octagons enclosing stylised flower heads; a tapering U-section dressed gouge runs from base to rim; deep bowl with rounded base which extends approximately one third of the way down the mortar. 94 kg, 52cm (20½"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780 Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s.

393

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133


394

394

LARGE NORTHERN INDIAN PANEL WITH BODHISATTVA 19th century AD or earlier A large stucco figural group of a bodhisattva (Maitreya?) standing with one hand raised in the Abhaya mudra gesture of reassurance and another clutching a conch(?), with aureole behind the head flanked by smaller canine heads, draped floral swag to the shoulders and legs, two hands resting on the nimbuses of flanking small attendants wearing tight-fitting garments, outer columns with foliage surmounted by guardian lions with forelegs crossed; the rectangular base with two nude females in extended pose supporting a central lotus flower; mounted on a custom-made stand. 50.5 kg, 104cm including stand (41"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance Acquired for the ‘Buckingham Collection’ by the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert; the collection formed from the early 1960s to early 1970s.

395

LARGE NORTHERN INDIAN FIGURE OF GANESH 19th century AD or earlier A large stucco figure of Ganesh standing on a rectangular base; large nimbus behind the head and ears swept behind the shoulders, mukut crown and swags of beads to the forehead, beaded collar to the neck beneath the curved trunk, beaded bracelets and anklets; one right hand raised in the Abhaya mudra gesture of reassurance, the other holding a leaf(?), one left hand supporting a bowl of fruit and the other resting on the thigh; the stomach distended and knees slightly bent, trailing end of the garment draped over the forward edge of the base with geometric ornament; mounted on a custom-made stand. 74 kg total, 112cm including stand (44"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110

395

134

Provenance Acquired for the ‘Buckingham Collection’ by the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert; the collection formed from the early 1960s to early 1970s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


396

397

Lots 396 - 402 From the Sidhu family collection; previously the property of the current owner’s late grandfather, Mr Havildar Sundar Singh Sidhu, who migrated from India to Kenya to become chief scoutmaster for Kenya in the 1950s, and later emigrated to London bringing with him his substantial collection, in the 1960s.

396

397

INDIAN PAINTING OF A DANCING WARRIOR BY JAMINI ROY

INDIAN PAIR OF SKETCHES BY JAMINI ROY

20th century AD

Early 20th century AD

A painting by Jamini Roy depicting a stylised warrior wearing a dhoti and headdress, pairs of rings to wrists, arms and ankles, wearing a large necklace, holding a shield in his left hand and long spear in his right; mounted in a modern frame. 3.1 kg, 64 x 59cm (25¼ x 23¼"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110

A pair of drawings in ink by Jamini Roy comprising: a hunter holding a gun in his left hand, a tiger to his right; a facing female wearing a headdress and long dress, right hand raised before the upper body; each mounted in a modern frame, one without perspex. 2.7 kg total, 48 x 44 - 43 x 47.5cm (19 x 17¼ - 17 x 18¾"). Fine condition. [2] £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210

Footnotes Jamini Roy (1887-1972) was an Indian painter honoured with the State award of Padma Bhushan in 1955. He was taught to paint and draw classical nudes, but soon started to draw his inspiration from his own culture, producing around 20,000 paintings in his lifetime.

Footnotes Jamini Roy (1887-1972) was an Indian painter honoured with the State award of Padma Bhushan in 1955. He was taught to paint and draw classical nudes, but soon started to draw his inspiration from his own culture, producing around 20,000 paintings in his lifetime.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

135


398

398

INDIAN CHARCOAL PAINTING OF A HARBOUR BY GAGANENDRANATH TAGORE Early 20th century AD A charcoal painting by Gaganendranath Tagore depicting a harbour of a lake late in the evening with long dramatic shadows; two moored boats to the foreground and three further anchored a short distance from the land; two small boats carrying passengers approaching the harbour; initials to the left bottom corner; mounted in a modern frame. 2.5 kg, 59 x 54cm (23¼ x 21¼"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,510 - 7,710 USD 6,490 - 9,080

136

Footnotes Gaganendranath Tagore (1867-1938), with his brother Abanindranath, was one of the earliest practitioners of modern art in India. His interest in photography may have got him interested in the mysterious play of light, shade and patterns as seen in the present painting. His uncle Rabindranath Tagore commented on his art in 1938: ‘What profoundly attracted me was the uniqueness of his creation, a lively curiosity in his constant experiments, and some mysterious depth in their imaginative value. Closely surrounded by the atmosphere of a new art movement ... He sought out his own untrodden path of adventure, attempted marvellous experiments in colouring and made fantastic trials in the magic of light and shade.’

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


399 401

400

402

399

401

INDIAN MEWAR SCHOOL PAINTING OF SHAH JAHAN WITH HIS HAREM

INDIAN BUNDI SCHOOL PAINTING OF MAHARAJA 19th century AD

18th century AD An elaborate polychrome painting depicting Shah Jahan attending his harem in two separate scenes; the first one depicting him in the courtyard of the palace, accepting refreshments from his harem, two of the ladies playing musical instruments on the foreground, the Shah’s elaborately dressed white stallion standing behind him; on the scene above, the Shah on horseback is at the edge of a pond filled with waterlilies, the four ladies of the harem in a peacock boat, two holding long oars to stabilise the boat whilst the fourth lady is being helped out of the boat by the Shah; floral border with delicate white flowers amidst gold foliage; Sanskrit text to the reverse. 47 grams, 34 x 24cm (13¼ x 9½"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 400

INDIAN KOTA SCHOOL DEPICTING SHAH JAHAN HUNTING TIGERS 18th century AD A dynamic polychrome painting with vibrant colours depicting Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal emperor, hunting tigers which have been lured into a trap by his servants; the Shah is standing elevated in a tree having recently shot the first tiger with an arrow, his servant standing by his side with his smoking gun, having ensured swift death of the wounded tiger by one shot to the head; the second tiger leaping against the side of the trap which the other servants are holding in place by ropes, each with a shield, dagger and elaborate clothing; the Shah’s bodyguards standing behind him holding raised weapons; further six servants equipped with long spears to the background. 57 grams, 37.5 x 29.5cm (14¾ x 11¾"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

A polychrome painting with a courtly scene depicting the Maharaja resting on sumptuous pillows whilst four harem ladies are attending him, the ladies seated on the ground, wearing vibrant clothing and henna painting to their feet and hands; a male servant before the Maharaja, holding the reins of chariot horses, each a white stallion with elaborate tack. 67 grams, 42.5 x 32.5cm (16¾ x 12¾"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 402

INDIAN KOTA SCHOOL PAINTING DEPICTING SHAH JAHAN HUNTING TIGERS 18th century AD A polychrome painting depicting Shah Jahan and his favourite wife Mumtaz Mahal hunting tigers roaming in the palace gardens; the Shah and his favourite wife are both in an active pose having just fired their guns, the Shah’s other seven wives seated behind them in the tower, one of the tigers at the water’s edge and the other one climbing on a hill; to the left a view of the palace and male servants with a group of four guards smoking a shisha pipe before two elaborately dressed horses; another palace on the hilly background. 44 grams, 37.5 x 29.5cm (14¾ x 11¾"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

137


Islamic Also see lots 1786 - 1871

138

Lots 403 - 432


403 403

LARGE SELJUK OR DANISHMANDID WARRIOR ON CAPARISONED HORSE 12th century AD A substantial decorated limestone panel divided in two parts, to the right an armoured cavalryman on a caparisoned horse, armed with a winged spear, a curved sabre in a scabbard, a small shield and a large dagger with single quillon, wearing high boots and a long armour covering garment, the horse protected by ornamented armour; the left side with a geometric decoration composed of cross and line motifs with an intersecting flower motif. 86.3 kg, 86cm (34"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10191-166367. Literature See Nicolle, D., Arms and Armour of the Crusading Era, 1050-1350, vol. II, London, 1999; ‘The Iconography of a Military Elite: Military Figures on an Early

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Thirteenth-Century Candlestick (Part II)’ in MSR XIX, 2016, pp.193-299; ‘Horse Armour in the Medieval Islamic Middle East’, in Arabian Humanities, Le cheval dans la péninsule Arabique, 2017, pp.1-60; similar representation of early Turkish Anatolian warriors in an unpublished sarcophagus kept in the AfyonKarashar Archaeological Museum, and in the Kars Archaeological Museum; see also a relief carving of a huntsman in Konya Museum (Nicolle, 1999, fig.527). Footnotes The Seljuks who invaded Anatolia during the last half of the 11th century created, in the former territories of the Roman Empire, a Sultanate (called of Rm, ‘land of the Romans’), of which they lost control during the 12th and 13th century allowing the division of the Sultanate in numerous petty Islamic kingdoms, known as amrates or beyliks. From them emerged the nucleus of the future Ottoman Empire in the early 14th century. The Dnishmandids ruled much of central Anatolia following the defeat of Byzantium, until they were themselves conquered by the Seljuks of Rm. Much of their iconography was borrowed from Eastern Roman or Armenian art. The rarity of military iconography of the Seljuk Empire makes this panel particularly relevant, especially in the detailed representation of the horse armour. This follows the depiction of the two variants of the horse armour represented in the 12th century dharbyjan Warka wa Gulshah manuscript, with horses armour not including anything for the animal’s neck or head (Nicolle,1999, pp.226-227, fig.558p). The shape of the horse armour suggests a fabric protection of linen or leather, mixed with scales, corresponding to several fragments from Near East and Levant recently published by Nicolle (2016, figs.35, 52-53).

139


404

405

406 404

405

ISLAMIC STONE LION

FATIMID WATER FOUNTAIN

18th century AD or earlier

12th-13th century AD

A sandstone lion on integral rectangular base; the lion is modelled with its hind quarters in the air, head resting on clawed forepaws, mouth open revealing tongue and fierce teeth, lentoid eyes, ears and layered mane, tail held along its back. 41.8 kg, 47cm (18½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910

A large carved water fountain section with square-section spout, the upper face with two low-relief opposing rampant lionesses, a foliate panel behind each head. 160 kg, 61.5x68cm (24¼ x 26¾"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190

Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s.

140

Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10192-166348.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


406

LARGE GHAZNAVID CALLIGRAPHIC COLUMN CAPITAL 11th century AD A substantial carved limestone column capital with two discoid tiers below a rectangular top; the top has roundels to the underside corners, calligraphic inscriptions to the outer faces and roundels enclosing a stylised star; circumferential geometric band to tier below; Multan or Afghan. 61.7 kg, 42 x 41cm (16½ x 16¼"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590

407

Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s.

407

LARGE TIMURID HEXAGONAL STONE TILE 14th century AD A substantial carved white limestone lozengiform tile with recessed geometric shapes arranged around a central six-pointed star. 45 kg, 82cm (32¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s.

408

408

ISLAMIC STELE IN THE NAME OF ALLAH 17th century AD A rectangular carved marble stele with broad band of calligraphic inscription arranged around a plain rectangular panel and framed by a plain border. 31.6 kg, 62cm (24½"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s.

409

GHAZNAVID PANEL WITH BLESSING TO THE OWNER 11th century AD A stucco panel comprising two lines of calligraphic inscription between double borders. 22.3 kg, 59cm (23¼"). Fair condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040

409

Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s.

410

GHAZNAVID PANEL WITH BLESSING TO THE OWNER 11th century AD A stucco panel comprising two lines of calligraphic inscription between double borders. 15.2 kg, 54cm (21¼"). Fair condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of a West London businessman, his collection having been formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s.

410

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

141


411

SELJUK GOLD RING WITH CALLIGRAPHIC GEMSTONE 12th-13th century AD A gold ring with expanding hoop supporting and ellipsoidal bezel and deep setting enclosing a carnelian calligraphic gemstone, held by four claws; the base of the setting is decorated with a series of granulated beads, the hoop features three lozengiform appliqué panels. 4.37 grams, 21.59mm overall, 17.80mm internal diameter (approximate size British K, USA 5¼, Europe 9.95, Japan 9) (¾"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s.

411

412

SELJUK GOLD RING WITH ANIMAL GEMSTONE 11th-14th century AD A gold finger ring comprising a flat-section tapering hoop and conical bezel with appliqués to the shoulders, claw setting for an ovoid agate with animal intaglio. 5.34 grams, 22.51mm overall, 16.21mm internal diameter (approximate size British G, USA 3¼, Europe 4.92, Japan 4) (¾"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300

412

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s.

413

SELJUK GOLD RING WITH TURQUOISE GEMSTONE 13th-14th century AD A gold ring with flat-section expanding hoop supporting a discoid bezel with conical sides and round setting enclosing a turquoise stone, held by four claws; the hoop features applied decorative panels and scrollwork shoulders; the setting hatched; both the setting and the hoop are engraved and coloured with niello. 4.19 grams, 23.40mm overall, 17.31mm internal diameter (approximate size British L, USA 5¾, Europe 11.24, Japan 10) (1"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s.

413

414

SELJUK GOLD RING WITH GARNET GEMSTONE 12th-14th century AD

414

A gold ring with carinated hoop expanding to a trapezoidal bezel with a garnet cabochon held in a clawed setting; each shoulder is engraved with a recumbent animal within a triangular border, a series of tessellating shapes contained within a border engraved on one face of the bezel. 2.31 grams, 25.42mm overall, 15.66mm internal diameter (approximate size British I, USA 4¼, Europe 7.44, Japan 7) (1"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s.

415

ISLAMIC INSCRIBED SAPPHIRE-COLOURED BEAD IN SILVER RING 20th century AD An oblate sapphire-coloured glass bead with Kufic inscription set into a silver finger ring. 14 grams, 33mm overall, 20.34mm internal diameter (approximate size British V, USA 10½, Europe 23.87, Japan 23) (1¼"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £200 - 300 EUR 220 - 330 USD 260 - 390 415

142

Provenance From the private collection of Edward Lucie-Smith, an English writer, poet, art critic, curator and broadcaster; the collection formed since the 1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


416

416

ISLAMIC PECTORAL PENDANT 14th-15th century AD A bifacial silver hollow-form crescentic pectoral pendant; two pairs of ribs the the body, six integral triangular arms with circular loops; two collars to each terminal, below facetted terminals decorated with knots and other geometric motifs; hinged double-crescentic arms above; body with elaborate interlaced floral and foliate motifs and bands of calligraphic text(?); reverse with central discoid section of interlaced openwork flanked by two bands of foliate openwork. 216 grams, 18.5cm (7¼"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

417

ISLAMIC SILVER PECTORAL PENDANT 14th-15th century AD

417

A silver repoussé pendant with ribbed suspension loops with discoid terminals mimicking shoulder straps; raised central panel presenting a central helmetted warrior flanked by stylised horses. 90 grams, 17.2cm (6¾"). Fine condition, repaired. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

418

ISLAMIC CALLIGRAPHIC MORTAR 12th century AD A large cylindrical cast bronze mortar with everted rim and collar at foot; pierced and convex base; the body decorated with two rows of floriated Kufic calligraphy; sticker reading ‘700’ on inner face. 5.7 kg, 19.5cm (7¾"). Fair condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance From the private collection of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market; previously in the private collection of the late Oliver Hoare (19452018); Oliver Reginald Hoare, Princess Diana’s art dealer, described as arguably the most influential dealer in the Islamic art world.

418

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

143


419

420 419

VERY LARGE ISLAMIC CALLIGRAPHIC BOWL 12th-14th century AD A hemispherical bronze bowl with chamfered rim, outer face with a band of low-relief foliage between two bands of Kufic text, inner face with band of running hares between two bands of Kufic text and central interlace panel. 5.5 kg, 47cm (18½"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance Property of a Middlesex collector; acquired on the London art market before 2000; formerly in an old English collection.

420

ISLAMIC CALLIGRAPHIC BOWL WITH MAKER’S MARK 19th century AD 421

A squat bronze bowl with rounded underside, deep shoulder, flared mouth, calligraphic band to the neck, reserved floral and lattice ornament to the shoulder, maker’s mark in a cartouche. 1.9 kg, 24cm (9½"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

421

ISLAMIC SPOUTED EWER 12th-14th century AD A cast bronze vessel with globular body, fared foot, collared spout and integral handle; raised ribs to the rim, neck, shoulder and base of spout. 2.2 kg, 25cm (10"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From the collection of a deceased Japanese collector, 1970-2000.

422

422

ISLAMIC SPOUTED EWER 12th-14th century AD A bronze pouring vessel with collared spout; ribbed shoulder, rim, and spout base; flared foot and scrolled handle. 2.6 kg, 25cm (10"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From the collection of a deceased Japanese collector, 1970-2000.

423

ISLAMIC OPENWORK BIRD INCENSE BURNER 14th century AD A bronze tiered incense burner with octagonal base, bell-shaped cage surmounted by a spherical cage and finial in the form of a bird with detailing to its wings, tail, head and face; each tier is pierced, creating a lattice-work effect. 989 grams, 19cm (7½"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 423

144

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


424

KHORASAN PEWTER BOWL 16th century AD A pewter bowl with piriform body, broad everted rim and foot; panels of scrollwork to the rim; concentric circumferential bands to the outer and inner faces. 420 grams, 14cm (5½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly in a private collection, London, UK, 19801990.

424

425

ISLAMIC GLAZED JUG 12th-13th century AD A ceramic jug with piriform body, bell-shaped neck, round-section handle and deep foot; pained blue with black painted geometric motifs and circumferential bands; attached is a tag with a handwritten note and a fragment of paper with inked calligraphic writing which was found adhering to the base of the jug; also accompanied by a photograph of the jug sent to the Victoria and Albert Museum together with a typed and signed reply dated 1971 from the museum’s keeper in the department of ceramics, describing the jug as ‘probably from the Sultanabad district.’ 730 grams total, 19.5cm (7¾"). Fair condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market before 1971; previously found 1968 or before; accompanied by an old photograph, and letter to Mr Scammell from R. J. Charlston (keeper of department of ceramics) at the Victoria and Albert Museum concerning the piece dated 28 April 1971.

425

426

ISLAMIC IRIDESCENT BLUE AND WHITE GLAZED FOLIATE BOWL 12th-14th century AD A ceramic bowl with hemispherical body and deep pedestal foot; interior with triangular panels radiating from the centre, each enclosing a foliate design and geometric or other organic motifs; interior painted blue and black; painted rim; series of painted black lines on the outer face, glazed white; iridescence all over. 379 grams, 19cm (7½"). Fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170

426

Provenance From the collection of an American lady living in London; acquired before 2000.

427

ISLAMIC GLASS TRIPOD VESSEL 8th-10th century AD A glass vessel with globular body, tapering cylindrical neck, handle and three feet; decorated with a series of applied trails and discs; bubbles and tares throughout; label to the base reads ‘Mahboubian Gallery G026’. 80 grams, 10.7cm (4¼"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

427

428

ISLAMIC GLASS VESSEL 8th-11th century AD A glass vessel with globular body, trumpet-style neck and rim and flared foot; decorated with applied trails, discs and geometric shapes; bubbles and tares throughout; label on base reads ‘Mahboubian Gallery G026’. 107 grams, 79mm (3"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

428

145


429

ISLAMIC GLASS BUTTON VESSEL 7th-9th century AD A glass vessel with globular body, trumpet-style neck and applied foot; body decorated with applied discs with dished centres; bubbles of various sizes throughout; label on base reads ‘Mahboubian Gallery G026’. 86 grams, 82mm (3¼"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 429

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972. Literature See Whitehouse, D., Sassanian and Post-Sassanian Glass in The Corning Museum of Glass, New York, 2005, for comparable examples and discussion; see A. Oliver Jr. et al., Ancient Glass, Pittsburgh, 1980, p.132, for comparable example and discussion.

430

ISLAMIC GLASS BUTTON VESSEL 7th-9th century AD A glass vessel with globular body, trumpet-style neck and applied discoid foot; body decorated with applied bosses with dished centres; bubbles of various sizes throughout; label on the base reads ‘Mahboubian Gallery G019’. 78 grams, 78mm (3"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

430

Literature See Whitehouse, D., Sassanian and Post-Sassanian Glass in The Corning Museum of Glass, New York, 2005, for comparable examples and discussion; see A. Oliver Jr. et al., Ancient Glass, Pittsburgh, 1980, p.132, for comparable example and discussion.

431

ISLAMIC MOULD BLOWN GLASS VESSEL 8th-10th century AD A mould blown glass vessel with broad shoulder, cylindrical neck, rounded rim and shallow kick-up to base; neck decorated with circumferential frieze of concentric ovoids with central domes; body decorated with band of stylised flower heads; label on base reads ‘Mahboubian Galley G028’. 81 grams, 76mm (3"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

431

Literature See Whitehouse, D., Sassanian and Post-Sassanian Glass in The Corning Museum of Glass, New York, 2005, for discussion.

432

LARGE QALAMDAN PAPIER-MÂCHÉ PEN CASE WITH KINGS Late 18th-19th century AD A large moulded and lacquered papier-mâché pen case or qalamdan formed with rounded ends and sliding tray, lacquered, polychromepainted on black ground, and heightened in gold, the curved top with three seated archaistic Kings of the Iran in a vertical arrangement, the sides with clusters of seated male figures in animated gestures interspersed with lobed arabesque medallions, the inner tray, sides and outer base with hunting scenes drawn in gold. 461 grams, 40cm (15¾"). Fair condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From the private collection of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market; previously in a private UK collection.

432

146

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Arms & Armour Also see lots 1872 - 1966

Lots 433 - 481 147


433

433

GREEK ARCHAIC MACEDONIAN OR ILLYRIAN BRONZE HELMET Mid 6th-5th century BC A substantial bronze helmet with protective cheek-guards, made from a single sheet, the bowl of domed form with the crown fitted with a broad raised band, made of two parallel corrugated ridges running over the skull from front to back, each with a smaller ridge at the outer edge; rectangular square-cut frontal opening with a double horizontal ridge across the brow, short flaring curved neck-guard developing behind the cheek-guards; two holes to the side of the temples, probably for attachment of a funerary gold mask; the curving protective cheek-pieces perforated at the tip for the attachment of a chin strap, applied bronze strip to the rim with original bronze rivets forming a moulded band of dots between narrow bands; three holes to the back, possibly for the loop of the crest attachment. 1.7 kg total, 49cm including stand (19¼"). Fine condition. £18,000 - 24,000 EUR 19,820 - 26,430 USD 23,350 - 31,130 Provenance From an important London gallery; acquired from a French auction house; formerly in the private collection of Mr Gilles Grimm; much of his personal collection was acquired from collections such as that of Axel Guttmann;

148

accompanied by an academic report by military expert Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10193-167378. Literature See Pflug, H., ‘Illirysche Helme’ in Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14, Mainz,1988, pp.43-64; Christie’s, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 1, London, 2002; Christie’s, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 2, London, 2004; the helmet finds a perfect parallel, even in the very precise riveting, with the helmet from Macedonia today at Hessisches Landesmuseum in Darmstadt (Pflug, 1988, p.49, figs.7-8); of the same typology one of the helmets of the Guttman collection (Christie’s, 2004, pp.66-67 n.69); another nearly identical helmet from the Guttman collection (Christie’s, 2002, p.66, n.55) showing the same rivetted edge. Footnotes The Illyrian helmets of the second type almost entirely consisted of a single thin bronze sheet. Their formal characteristics are: a slightly retractable skull, emphasising the dome as an independent element of the helmet, and an elongated neck protection, separated from the pointed cheek pieces by deep side wraps. These helmets were originally composed of several rivetted sections, the two ribs over the crown giving added protection to the weakest part of the join. From the 6th century BC, these helmets – like the one here – were made in one piece but retained the ridges and incised guidelines of the old central join as a decorative element, also with the practical function of holding the wide horsehair crest of a Hoplite.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


434

434

ARCHAIC GREEK ILLYRIAN BRONZE HELMET Mid 6th-4th century BC A bronze domed helmet of Illyrian Typology IIIA, Variant 3, raised from a single sheet with protective cheek-pieces, two parallel corrugated raised ridges to the upper face, running over the crown from front to back, square-cut frontal opening with smooth edges, short curved rear flange developing from behind towards the forward curving cheek-protectors, the latter having two holes at the extremities for the fastening of a chin-strap; button pin at the centre of the back for attachment of a crest, pierced hole in the front for the corresponding pin. 835 grams, 20cm (8"). Fine condition, restored. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,520 - 22,030 USD 19,460 - 25,940 Provenance From an important London gallery; acquired from a French auction house; formerly in the private collection of Mr Gilles Grimm; much of his personal collection was acquired from collections such as that of Axel Guttmann; accompanied by an academic report by military expert Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10194-167379.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Pflug, H., ‘Illirysche Helme’ in Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14, Mainz, 1988, pp.43-64; Connolly, P., Greece and Rome at war, London, 1981; Christie’s, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 1, London, 2002; Christie’s, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 2, London, 2004; for an example of similar helmet with golden mask, from the grave 115 in Sindos, today preserved in the archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki, see Pflug,1988, p.60; an example with similar elements with a helmet from the Guttman collection (Christie’s, 2004, p.80) showing the same long cheekpieces and short rear flange. Footnotes This helmet was probably fitted with a high crest, attached with animal glue and composed of horsehair. It was positioned inside a holder worn between the raised ridges and fastened to the front and back pins, one of them still visible. The recent finds of Illyrian helmets without reinforced edges have suggested that the variants of this typology of helmet could have evolved as their own group, during the late period of its employment (from mid 6th to 4th century BC). The earlier specimens have been found in Olympia and Trebeniste (North Macedonia), although the neck protection of these helmets was still in the style of archaic Illyrian types. The helmets from Sindos introduced the characteristics of such late evolution. The diffusion of this typology shows that it was preferred by Macedonian warriors, by the Illyrian fighters and by the Greeks in Sicily and Peloponnesos, considering that the finds are concentrated in the corresponding areas.

149


435

435

GREEK PONTIC CHALCIDIAN HELMET WITH DECORATION 4th century BC A bronze Chalcidian helmet forged in one piece; nasal and short, flared neck-guard at the rear; decoration representing a furrowed brow, hairline, scalloped helmet decoration and border around nasal; raised panels to the upper section of the bowl; a series of piercings to each side to receive the cheek-pieces (absent); mounted on a custom-made stand. 2.3 kg total, 36cm including stand (14"). Fine condition. ÂŁ6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,610 - 8,810 USD 7,780 - 10,380

150

Provenance Property of a private New York collection; previously in a private European collection, acquired in the 1990s; accompanied by an expertise by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certiďŹ cate number no.10195-164354. Literature See Chernenko, E. V., Skifskii dospekh (Scythian armour), Naukova dumka, Kiev, 1968; Pug, H., Chalkidische Helme in Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14. Mainz, 1988, pp. 137-150; Chernenko, E.V., The Scythians 700-300 BC, Hong Kong, 1998; "  " . .,   ""    "" " "' (Sarmatian Age Helmets from Eastern Europe), in Stratum Plus, n. 4, 2014, pp. 249-284.

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


436

436

GREEK ITALIC BRONZE GREAVES 5th-4th century BC A pair of full length bronze greaves with pronounced anatomical details for knees and ankles, embossed knee-cap with well-defined muscles to the calf; a shallow double border with holes along the perimeter for fastening the inner lining; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 2.5 kg total, 47-48.5cm including stand (18½ - 19"). Fine condition, some restoration. [2] £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,610 - 8,810 USD 7,780 - 10,380 Provenance Previously with an important London, Mayfair, gallery; formerly in a private German collection; acquired in the 1970s, thence by descent; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10196-167377. Literature See Connolly, P., Greece and Rome at war, London, 1981; Christie’s, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 1, London, 2002; Spatafora, F., ‘Vincitori e vinti: sulla deposizione di armi e armature nella Sicilia

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

di età arcaica’, in Guerra e pace in Sicilia e nel Mediterraneo antico (VIII-III sec a.C.). Arte, prassi e teoria della pace e della guerra, I, Pisa 2006, 215226; Christie’s, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 2, London, 2004; D’Amato-Salimbeti, Bronze Age Greek Warrior, 16001100 BC, Oxford, 2011; see similar greaves from the Guttmann Collection, Christie’s, auction, 6, November 2002, lots 80/4; other examples in the Axel Guttmann Collection: AG 008/R 2; AG 177/R 153; AG 268/R 57; AG 333c/R 82; AG 622/R 152; a further similar example in Cahn, D., Waffen und Zaumzeug, Basel, 1989, p. 62. Footnotes Greaves were used as protective equipment from as early as the time of Homer (Iliad, X, 8, 613), with archaeological finds from earlier and contemporary Achaean warrior graves (D’Amato-Salimbeti, 2011, pp.36-38). They continued to be used in Greece during the Geometric and Archaic periods, attested at least from the 7th century BC, where they became an important part of hoplite armour. The primary purpose was to protect the tibia from attack: a successful attack on the shin would result the leg being rendered useless, significantly hampering one’s ability to maneuver, a great danger for a man fighting in a phalanx. This type of greave was pulled open and clipped on to the leg, but they were often strapped to the leg in Italy, and all of them were lined with leather or fabric (Connolly, 1981, pp.59-60).

151


437

437

URARTIAN DECORATED HELMET 8th century BC A bronze helmet of conical form made in one piece, a raised groove to the front, three arched ribs with round terminals above the brim resembling eyebrows, chased royal lion motif above, the central rib from helmet’s apex with a stylised animal; a row of pierced holes for the fastening of a leather lining to the edges; mounted on a custommade stand. 2.1 kg total, 48cm including stand (19"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,510 - 7,710 USD 6,490 - 9,080 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; believed to be ex Guttmann collection; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10197167081.

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Literature See Borchardt, J., Homerische Helme: Helmenformen der Ág$is in ihren Beziehungen zu orientalischen und europäischen Helmen in der Bronze-und frühen Eisenzeit, Mainz, 1972; Born H., Seidl U., Schutzwaffen aus Assyrien und Urartu, Sammlung Axel Guttmann IV, Mainz, 1995; Christie’s,The art of the warfare, the Axel Guttmann collection, Part I, Wednesday 6 November 2002, London; Christie’s,The art of the warfare, the Axel Guttmann collection, Part II, Wednesday 28 April 2004, London, 2004; Dezs&, T., Near Eastern Helmets of the Iron Age, (British Archaeological Reports, S992), Oxford, 2001. Footnotes In literature, these helmets are identified with the general word for helmet ( Gurpisu), and especially with the word Karbatullu. This specimen is a rare example of a helmet of this typology with multiple rim-holes for the attachment of a lining fabric, although this would have been normal for most Urartian helmets. The lion figure, also visible on Assyrian or Urartian helmet fragments preserved in the British Museum, is usually connected with the goddess Ishtar, supporter of Assyrian royal power.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


438

438

URARTIAN HELMET DECORATED WITH WARRIORS Late 9th century BC-early 7th century BC A broad hammered bronze helmet of conical shape, decorated to both sides of the bowl with chased low relief representing fighting divinities or warriors; two bronze rings for fastening the leather chin-strap to both sides; rows of pierced holes to the edges for fastening the leather lining; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 4.4 kg, 58.5cm including stand; helmet: 1.9 kg, 25cm (23"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,510 - 7,710 USD 6,490 - 9,080 Provenance From a private collection formed in the Netherlands; previously in a European collection formed prior to 1980; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10198-165156. Literature See Barnett, R.D. and Falkner, M., The Sculptures of Assur-nasir-apli II (883859 B.C.), Tiglath-pileser III (745-727 B.C.), Esarhaddon (681-669 B.C.) from the Central and South-West Palaces at Nimrud, London, 1962; Born H. and

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Seidl U., Schutzwaffen aus Assyrien und Urartu, Sammlung Axel Guttmann IV, Mainz, 1995; Christie’s, The art of the warfare, the Axel Guttmann collection, Part I, Wednesday 6 November 2002, London, 2001; Dezs&, T., Near Eastern Helmets of the Iron Age, (British Archaeological Reports, S992), Oxford, 2001; Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg (2003) in Russian; Dezs&, T., The Assyrian Army, I. The structure of the Neo-Assyrian army as reconstructed from the Assyrian Palace Reliefs and Cuneiform Sources, 2. Cavalry and Chariotry, Budapest, 2012; similar helmets in Gorelik, 2003, pl. LXI, nn.3,95. Footnotes This rare and wonderful helmet is an unusual example of conical bowl with multiple rim-holes for the attachment of a lining fabric. Pointed conical helmets like this were worn both by cavalry (Barnett-Falkner, 1962, pls. LXIV-LXV; Dezs&, 2012, pp.14,19) and infantry of Urartian and Assyrian armies. Judging from the cavalry depictions of Urartian bronze helmets in Assyrian art, Urartian soldiers were equipped with an Assyrian-type pointed helmet, a rounded bronze shield, and two spears. Further incised representations on Urartian bronze helmets show cavalrymen wearing pointed helmets, equipped with lances, their upper body covered by a rounded bronze shield (Dezs&, 2001, cat.n.91-99).

153


439

439

PHOENICIAN CHAMFRON WITH WINGED GENIUS 8th century BC A superb bronze chamfron composed of a single sheet with chased decoration, the frontal panel with facing winged genius deity dressed in short-sleeved tunic and boots, a conical headdress resting on his head, an armoured collar protecting his neck; the body surrounded by four open wings; three embossed rosettes below and to each side; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 1.9 kg total, 38cm including stand (15"). Very fine condition, some distortion to left side. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,520 - 22,030 USD 19,460 - 25,940 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously in a UK private collection, since the 1990s; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist

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Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10199167387. Literature See Christie’s, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 1, London, 2002; Christie’s, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 2, London, 2004. Footnotes Bronze protections for Assyrian, Urartu, Phoenician and Levantine chariot horses have been widely attested in Near Eastern archaeology (Christie’s, 2002, pp.30-31; Christie’s, 2004, pp.38-39). The figure of the genius appearing on weapons and horse ornaments had an apotropaic function, protecting the warrior, the rider and even the horse, and therefore was connected with male worshippers.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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ASSYRIAN OR URARTIAN ARMOUR SECTION WITH WARRIORS 8th-7th century BC A bronze rectangular belt plaque with one rolled edge, fixing rivet to each corner, loop and suspension ring to the rolled rim, repoussĂŠ grid with eight profile figures of a warrior standing wearing a conical helmet and ankle-length robe with a long fringed edges, shield to the body, sword scabbard visible behind the knee, sling(?) held in one hand and the other hand raised with fingers extended; mounted on a custom-made stand. 411 grams total, 16cm including stand (6Âź"). Very fine condition. ÂŁ1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From an important Mayfair collection formed before 1990. Literature See /7)5, C. A., :-48!852) VI-V 11. +: 5. . 1 -:47( 7,7+257, - , 1965; Born, H., Seidl U., Schutzwaffen aus Assyrien und Urartu, Sammlung Axel Guttmann IV, Mainz, 1995; Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg, 2003 in Russian, esp. pl. LIX ďŹ g.1-4.

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GREEK HOPLITE SPEARHEAD 5th-4th century BC

440

A large lanceolate blade with median rib, parallel sides, rounded tip, long tubular split socket. 477 grams, 53.5cm (21"). Fine condition. ÂŁ400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a Japanese collection, 1990s.

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LURISTAN SHORT SWORD WITH INTEGRAL GRIP 2nd-1st millennium BC A bifacial bronze short sword: tapering blade with midrib, guard with triangular piercings, grip with raised collars, crescentic domed pommel with central ribs. 588 grams, 46cm (18"). Fine condition. ÂŁ800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From a Japanese collection, 1990s.

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WESTERN ASIATIC SWORD SHEATH 2nd-1st millennium BC A bronze sword sheath, triangular in plan, terminating in an exaggerated and curled point; the outer face is pierced towards the top and has a raised midrib; the sheath is bent over towards the interior, which contains possible fragmentary weapon remains. 353 grams, 56.5cm (22Âź"). Fine condition. ÂŁ500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From a Japanese collection, 1990s. Literature Cf. Moorey, P., Catalogue of Ancient Persian Bronzes in the Ashmolean museum. No 60, for a sword contained in a similar sheath.

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URARTU SOCKETTED LONG AXEHEAD WITH LION 9th-6th century BC A slender expanding bronze axehead with rounded cutting edge, flared socket with resting lion to the reverse modelled in the round. 307 grams, 32.5cm (12ž"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From a Japanese collection, 1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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LURISTAN MACEHEAD 2nd millennium BC A cast bronze tubular macehead with flared rims to both socket mouths, raised collars to the neck and shaft, and a drum-shaped section featuring a raised tessellating lonzengiform motif; mounted on a custom-made stand. 466 grams total, 17cm including stand (6¾"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a private collection of arms and armour; previously with a London gallery.

446

SCYTHIAN DOUBLE-EDGED DAGGER 1st millennium BC An iron dagger with two-edged tapering blade, raised midrib, lobed lower guard, openwork grip and bar finial. 268 grams, 33cm (13"). Fair condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000s.

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SCYTHIAN DAGGER WITH LOBED GUARD 1st millennium BC An iron dagger with two-edged tapering blade, raised midrib, large lobed lower guard, ribbed grip and bar finial. 309 grams, 31cm (12¼"). Fair condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000s.

448

ROMAN DAGGER IN SCABBARD 1st-2nd century AD

the underside, an iron tang with traces of mineralised wood, knop pommel. 506 grams, 35cm (13¾"). Fair condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance From a private London, UK, gallery; acquired in 2014; previously in a private German collection, since the 1980s. Literature See Bishop, M.C. & Coulston, J.C.N., Roman Military Equipment From the Punic Wars to the Fall of Rome, London, 1993, for discussion; Miks, C., Studien zur Romischen Schwertbewaffnung in der Kaiserzeit, I-II Banden, Rahden, 2007, s. cat. A318,A319, pp.75-76, for similar guard. Footnotes The outsized disc guard would be impractical to be worn at the waist. These kinds of dagger (daga) were probably intended as gladiatorial combat weapons offering additional protection to the hand during the fight.

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LATE ROMAN SPEARHEAD WRAPPED IN CHAIN MAIL 320-410 AD A very important fragment of ring armour (lorica) made from interlocking iron wire links in the basic pattern of four-through-one formation (one solid ring interlocking with four rivetted), forming alternate sections of welded and unwelded rings; the armour is wrapped around a cavalry spear of socketted type, leaf-shaped with a strong median rib, socket fastening hole in the lower part of the shaft. 496 grams, 30.5cm (12"). Fine condition, conserved. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature See Shadrake, D. & Shadrake S., Barbarian warriors, Saxons, Vikings, Normans, London, 1997; Bishop, M. C., Coulston, J.C.N., Roman military equipment, from the Punic wars to the fall of Rome, London, 2006, p.208; Appels A., Laycock S.,Roman buckles and military fittings, Witham, 2007; Kazanski M. and Mastykova A. ’Les tombes de chevaux chez les fédérés de l’Empire d’Orient sur la côte est de la mer Noire (II e-VI e s.),’ in Terra Barbarica, Monumenta Archaeologica Barbarica, Series Gemina, Tomus II, Łód=-Warszawa, 2010, pp.56-71.

A dagger composed of a short two-edged blade with tip including fragments of its iron scabbard, a broad bronze disc guard with lip to

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BYZANTINE HELMET WITH AVENTAIL Late 13th century AD An iron helmet of domed form with conical apex and four bands with trefoil terminals; the dome is forged in four pieces with applied ridged bands creating a four-section appearance; the four iron strips crossing on the top are nailed to the bowl sections, each with five or six rivets, and to the conical apex with four iron rivets, continuing on sides and back around the lower edge of the bowl with a broader band, with carinated upper edge; the front band ending in an expanded bi-lobate plaque, forming the nose-guard and reinforcing the structure; the nose-guard shows arched extension above the eyes and is rivetted to the front with four domed nails; an aventail of ring mail armour composed of rings of circa 1cm in diameter surrounding. 4.5 kg total, 57cm including stand (22½"). Very fine condition. ÂŁ15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,520 - 22,030 USD 19,460 - 25,940 Provenance From a private UK collection, formed 1963-2015; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certiďŹ cate number no.10200-167710.

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See D’Amato, R., ‘Old and new evidence on East-Roman helmets from the 9th to the 12th centuries,’ in Acta Militaria Medievalia, 2015, XI, pp. 27-157. Published :4802% .. ‘08,* :0:$::4+*5/%2( 1:25:1 81845:-: 71%77 2 7/$5*( /:!4752 (Helmets of the Golden Horde warriors of the North Caucasus from private collections)’ in $8&2 14:&* 1 &:(# /48+5818%:1 )./ 4#+* &: 74(8:0:-22. 0. 48+. .. 1-081/%2. tom 8, pp.253-269, pp.266-267, ďŹ g.8; D’Amato, R., ‘The betrayal: military iconography and archaeology in the Byzantine paintings of the 11th-15th century AD representing the Arrest of Our Lord’ in Weapons bring peace? Warfare in medieval and early modern Europe, Wroclaw, 2012, pp.69-96, p.84, ďŹ g.27; D’Amato, R., Byzantine Naval Forces, 1261-1461 AD, Oxford, 2016, pp.35,46; #08:1 .. ‘ &4:!08,8 1*+80852) 1275$2/%2( !:81*( 57-:0:12 (57 &42,848 :+5: -4#&&* 08,:1) (On the problem of highlighting the Byzantine combat headgear - a group of helmets like example)’ in :8557) 74(8:0:-2), !:452% ,7$84270:1 57#5:-: /8,25747 n.5, Moscow, 2019, pp. 222-252, ďŹ g.9, n.5.

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VIKING SINGLE-EDGED SEAX 10th-12th century AD An iron single-edged knife or seax with thick back, ellipsoid lower guard, short tang and disc finial; inlaid copper bands with punched annulets to the back of the blade on both faces and to the guard. 419 grams, 44.5cm (17½"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From a private family collection; previously acquired from a collection formed before 1990; thence by descent.

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VIKING OR ANGLO-SCANDINAVIAN SWORD WITH INLAY 10th-early 11th century AD An iron double-edged sword, variant of Petersen Type L, with tapering blade showing signs of employment on the battlefield to both edges; lower and upper guard with traces of silver inlay with chequered pattern, massive three-lobed pommel with banding. 1 kg, 90.5cm (35½"). Fair condition, preserved and conserved. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780 Provenance Property of a European gentleman living in London; from his grandfather’s collection by descent in 1989; formerly in the family collection since at least the 1970s; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10201166998. Literature See Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919; Bjorn A., Viking Antiquities in England, with a supplement of Viking antiquities on the Continent of Western Europe, Oslo, 1940; Wilson D. M., ‘Some neglected Late AngloSaxon swords’, in Medieval Archaeology, 1965, 9 (1), pp.32-54; Oakeshott, R.E., Records of the Medieval Sword, London,1991; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking Age, Suffolk, 2002; the sword finds good parallels in various similar Viking age specimens; two very similar swords have been published by Peirce (2002, pp.77-81), both preserved at the British Museum; one of these is the very famous Witham sword (Bjorn, 1940, part 4, p.71; Oakeshott, 1991, p.26) although the specimen more akin is the BM inv.1856,7-1 1404; also the Westminster sword belongs to this classification (Wilson,1965, pp.42ff, pl.VII b).

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VIKING SWORD WITH COPPER AND SILVER INLAYS Early 9th century AD A double-edged sword of Petersen’s Type E with visible fullers, copper-inlaid runic symbols to one side of the blade, the other side with a Latin cross; the hilt with boat-shaped guard decorated with silver-inlaid circular segments, recently added fixing rivets, three-lobed pommel with inlaid vertical segments. 1.4 kg, 97cm (38¼"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,510 - 7,710 USD 6,490 - 9,080 Provenance From a private family collection; previously acquired from a collection formed before 1990; thence by descent; accompanied by an archaeological report by weapon specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10203-167294. Literature See Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919; Geibig, A., Beiträge zur morphologischen Entwicklung des Schwertes im Mittelalter, Neumünster, 1991; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking Age, Suffolk, 2002; Kainov, S.Yu., ‘ :1*8 +755*8 : ,88 / 74/%:-: -:4:+27’ in :8557) 74(8:0:-2) *&.2. !:452% ,7$84270:1 4:!08,5:-: :18$7 ':8557) 74(8:0:-2)' &42 :/#+74/$1855:, /$:428/%:, ,#88, 2011, pp.147-152; Kainov, S. Yu. ‘Swords from Gnzdovo’ in Acta Militaria Mediaevalia VIII, pp.7-68; Williams, G., Pentz, P. & Wemhoff, M., Vikings Life and Legend, London, 2014; the sword presents a very similar shape to two Frankish swords of the same typology, one with 'VLFBERH+T' inscription (Williams, Pentz, Wemhoff, 2014, pp.81,102) and various specimens published by Kainov (2011, p.152, figs.10,13,16). Footnotes Petersen regarded Type E as an early type, originating at least in the first half of the ninth century, particularly associated with the region around Trondheim in Norway. Most characteristic of this type is the massive iron hilt decorated with an array of closely spaced circular indentations upon the face of the pommel and guards (in our specimen they are very shallow) which frequently may also be decorated with parallel inlaid silver or copper stripes.

Footnotes The swords classified as Petersen Type L, have been considered by many scholars as an English Type L. They have been found in Norway in greater quantities than in England or the British Isles, and it is enough to remember that Petersen mentions not less than fourteen of them in his sword register, spread over a wide area of find places, chronologically dated between mid 9th to mid 10th century AD. It is much more correct to say that this typology of swords, probably of Frankish production, were popular in England as well as in the Viking countries, and used widely by both cultures.

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Provenance From a private family collection; previously acquired from a collection formed before 1990; thence by descent; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10204-167292.

VIKING SWORD WITH SILVER INLAID HILT 10th century AD An iron sword comprising a broad lentoid-section two-edged blade of Peirce’s Type 3 with fullers for most of its length; curved guard with inlaid silver wire decoration consisting of scrolls, tendrils and loops; broad tang, pommel of Type O with scooped lower edge and five radiating lobes, similar inlaid wire decoration. 1.3 kg, 89cm (35"). Fine condition, usage wear. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780 Provenance From an important English collection; acquired in the 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10202-162582.

VIKING SWORD WITH INLAID CROSIER 10th-11th century AD A double-edged sword of Petersen Type X, the blade with an inlaid bronze crosier to one side, the lower guard and tea-cosy pommel with inlaid annulets. 1.4 kg, 95.5cm (37½"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780

Literature See Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919; Oakeshott, E., Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, 1991; Roesdahl, E., and Wilson D.M., From Viking to Crusader: The Scandinavians and Europe 800 to 1200 (22nd Council of Europe Exhibition), Copenhagen,1992; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking Age, Suffolk, 2002. Footnotes The sword was the predominant weapon in west and southern Scandinavia, with the spear apparently being more common in the east. The presence of a crosier on this sword suggests that the owner of the weapon was a baptised Christian Viking warrior, or maybe a French or Norman knight.

Literature Cf. Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking Age, Woodbridge, 2002, p.87-9, for a similar find from Vestre Berg, Norway, now in the Universitets Oldsaksamling, Oslo. Footnotes The five-lobed pommel in which the lobes radiate from a curved base is particularly associated with Norwegian swords.

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VIKING SWORD WITH SILVER AND COPPER INLAYS

MASSIVE VIKING LATTEN-INLAID SOCKETTED SPEARHEAD

9th century AD

9th-11th century AD

An iron double-edged sword of Petersen's Type 2, tapering blade with battle nicks to the sides, long fullers with inlaid X-motif over a horizontal staff; boat-shaped lower guard and large lobed pommel, runes and other inlays possibly added later. 1.5 kg, 1.01cm (39¾"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780

A slender iron spearhead with scooped shoulders, tapering octagonal-section socket developing to a thick midrib, the socket with three inlaid latten chevrons to two sides, pierced for fixing. 480 grams, 35.5cm (14"). Very fine condition, professionally cleaned, restored and conserved. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

Provenance From a private family collection; previously acquired from a collection formed before 1990; thence by descent; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10205-167293.

Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

Literature See Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919; Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Saint Petersburg, 2005; Geibig, A., Beiträge zur morphologischen Entwicklung des Schwertes im Mittelalter: Eine Analyse des Fundmaterials vom ausgehenden 8. bis zum 12.Jahrhundert aus Sammlungen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Wachholtz, 1991; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking Age, Suffolk, 2002; the main example published by Petersen (p.121, fig.72) from Rimstad, Hedrum (Peirce, 2002, p.46), found together with its shield. Footnotes The fullers, usually well defined, mirror the shape of the blade, reaching a short and rather blunt point near the tip of the blade itself. The type is divided in three variants according to the width of the fuller. The slimmer blades, like this specimen, were in use from the mid-8th century and could (according to the pommel typology) have been in use until the first half of 10th century AD. It is also important to remember that the so-called Viking swords were not only the product of local Danish, Norwegian or Swedish craftsmen, but very often they were weapons of Frankish/Rhenish origin, much sought-after and widely distributed.

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VIKING OR NORMAN SWORD WITH INLAY 12th-13th century AD An iron double-edged sword of Petersen Type X and Oakeshott Type Xa, its tapering blade with narrow fullers and battle nicks to both edges, one side with inlay; wide guard of Oakeshott Style 1, sturdy tang and tea-cosy pommel. 1.2 kg, 85.5cm (33¾"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance From a private family collection; previously acquired from a collection formed before 1990; thence by descent; accompanied by an archaeological report by the military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10206-167291. Literature See Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919; Oakeshott, E., Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, 1991; Oakeshott,E., The sword in the Age of the Chivalry, Woodbridge, 1964 (1994); Gravett, C., Medieval Norman Knight, 950-1204 AD, London, 1993; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking Age, Suffolk, 2002; practically identical guard and pommel of the sword from Hagerbakken (Petersen, 1919, fig.124).

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MASSIVE VIKING SOCKETTED SPEARHEAD 9th-11th century AD A substantial iron spearhead with leaf-shaped blade, raised midrib extending to the tubular socket, two attachment holes to the rim. 985 grams, 40.5cm (16"). Very fine condition, professionally cleaned, restored and conserved. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

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MASSIVE VIKING FLUTED SOCKETTED SPEARHEAD 9th-10th century AD A substantial hand-forged iron spearhead comprising a narrow leafshaped blade, lozengiform in section and with stepped ridges to both faces, thick neck developing to an octagonal-section tapering socket with round fixing hole. 795 grams, 38cm (15"). Very fine condition, professionally cleaned, restored and conserved. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

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VIKING DANISH BROAD AXEHEAD 9th-11th century AD An iron broad axehead of asymmetrical profile with reinforced curved cutting edge, triangular-section socket with flanking spurs to upper and lower edges. 661 grams, 21cm (8¼"). Very fine condition, professionally cleaned, restored and conserved. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

Footnotes This type usually presents a slender blade, generally long in proportion to the hilt with a narrow fuller running for much of the blade’s length to within a few inches of the point. The tea-cosy or Brazil-nut variants were the most popular forms of pommel for this typology, from the late 10th century onwards (Gravett, 1993, p.5). According to Petersen, this type was not originally of Nordic origin, even if some specimens were forged in the Nordic lands. The sword is found in such large quantities that it exists not only over the whole of Nordic countries, but also over the whole of Central Europe. It was a common Germanic type in Central and Northern Europe during the century preceding the Crusades, and it was still the typical Norman sword of the 12th century.

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VIKING BROAD AXEHEAD 9th-11th century AD An iron axehead comprising a D-shaped socket with lateral spurs to both faces, narrow neck, broad blade with slightly curved edge. 807 grams, 31cm (12¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance Property of a Staffordshire, UK, gentleman; formerly in the private collection of a Dorset gentleman since the 1980s.

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LARGE VIKING BEARDED AXEHEAD 9th-11th century AD An iron axehead with curved blade and chin to the lower edge; round socket with triangular lateral flanges and long rectangular extension to the rear. 770 grams, 21.5cm (8½"). Very fine condition, professionally cleaned, restored and conserved. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

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VIKING GOTLAND-TYPE BEARDED AXEHEAD 9th-12th century AD An iron axehead with curved blade and round chin to the lower edge, round socket with triangular flanges to the upper edge and round flanges to the lower face. 335 grams, 12.5cm (5"). Very fine condition, professionally cleaned, restored and conserved. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 462

Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

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VIKING DECORATED AXEHEAD 9th-12th century AD A hand-forged iron axehead with flared blade, curved edge, subcircular socket with lateral spurs above and below, slightly convex rectangular butt; engraved on both faces with three bands of concentric chevrons on the cheek, a band of hatched lozenges between two lines at the neck, a series of horizontal lines between three lines on the spurs, and a band of hatched lozenges towards the butt. 309 grams, 14cm (5½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance Property of a Sussex, UK, gentleman; before that in a private collection in Dorset, UK, since the 1980s.

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MEDIEVAL STEPPE WARRIOR GOLD SWORD-BELT FITTING SET

MEDIEVAL STEPPE WARRIOR GOLD DAGGER-BELT FITTING GROUP

13th century AD

Mongol, 15th century AD A mixed group of Mongol gold sword-belt fittings comprising: two large gold openwork bosses with high-relief scenes of deer, fawns and a hare against a dense foliage background, sidewall with flowers and leaves, two lateral chevrons and an attachment bar, mounting straps to the reverse; one similar without the attachment bar; a buckle with hinged and slotted plate, loop with flowers and a fawn, narrow tongue; two similar belt-frames; two reeded loop belt-keepers; eleven triangular studs with recumbent fawn detailing, attachment rivets and roves to the underside, most attached to fragment of leather belt about 20mm wide. 229 grams total, 7-50mm (¼ - 2"). Very fine condition. [24] £60,000 - 80,000 EUR 66,080 - 88,110 USD 77,830 - 103,770

A mixed group of gold belt fittings comprising: three quatrefoil plates with high-relief winged horse design, rivets and T-shaped stud to the reverse, one with loop; four D-section gold belt stiffeners with foliage detailing. 37 grams total, 22-39mm (1 - 1½"). Very fine condition. [7] £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,610 - 8,810 USD 7,780 - 10,380 Provenance Property of a London collector; from her family’s private collection; formerly with a London gallery; acquired in the 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10208-164062.

Provenance Property of a London collector; from her family’s private collection; formerly with a London gallery; acquired in the 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10207-164061. Literature See discussion in Bonora, G.L. & Marzatico, F., Ori dei Cavalieri delle Steppe, Milan, 2007.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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MEDIEVAL GERMAN GREAT HELM Circa 1320 AD A well-preserved iron helmet composed of five plates joined by rivets, two plates for the upper back and front and two for the lower part, the top formed of one plate attached by eighteen iron rivets; shaped noseguard dividing the eye-holes, thirty-one holes to each side of the lower part for ventilation. 2.1 kg, 28cm (11"). Fair condition. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,810 - 11,010 USD 10,380 - 12,970 Provenance From a private family collection; previously acquired from a collection formed before 1990; thence by descent; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10209-167300.

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Literature See Müller-Hickler, H., 'Über die Funde aus der Burg Tannenberg', in ZfHW XIII, Neue Folge 4, 1934, pp.175-181; Scalini, M., 'Protezione e segno di distinzione: l'equipaggiamento difensivo nel duecento' in Scramasax (ed.), Il Sabato di San Barnaba, la battaglia di Campaldino,11 giugno 1289-1989, Milano, pp.80-98; Žákovský P., Hošek J., Cisár V., 'A unique finding of a great helm from the Daleín castle in Moravia', in Acta Militaria Medievalia, VIII, 2011, pp.91-125; Scalini, M., A bon droyt, Spade di uomini liberi, cavalieri e Santi/Epées d'hommes libres, chevaliers et saints, Milano, 2007. Footnotes The helmet, a staro, i.e. with a cylindrical shape and composed of five plates (like the Dargen specimen, see Žákovský & Hošek, 2011, fig.9:A) seems to have been in use until the last decades of the 13th century, as can be seen in the iconography of the seals of Cavalcante de Cavalcanti (AD 1250-1260, Scalini, 1989, p.85), the Autrée d'Espagne, the Codex Marciano XII in the Marciana Library in Venezia and various other artworks. Around 1280 AD, the structure of the Great Helm underwent an evolution, especially in the area of central Italy. It went through various changes, as can be seen on the seal of Sozzo Guicciardini (Scalini, 1989, p.87), in which the simple ventilation holes were substituted by squared windows of larger dimensions.

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469

MEDIEVAL SWORD POMMEL COLLECTION 12th-15th century AD A mixed group of sword pommels comprising: a squat spherical pommel with tall flared finial and collar below, attached to part of a tang(?); one divided into roughly eight vertical panels with a median circumferential ridge, vertical void through centre for attachment; one with a domed top and long cylindrical neck with a square-shaped vertical void for attachment; one with octagonal-section creating twenty four facetted faces eight around the shoulder, waist and lower body, pin through the centre; one discoid with raised centres on both sides, rectangular void placed vertically for attachment; one ovoid with raised oval panel on both principal faces, broad side edge and rectangular void placed vertically for attachment. 1.6 kg total, 4394mm (1¾ - 3¾"). Fair condition. [6] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

469

Provenance Property of an East Anglia gentleman; previously in a private collection formed before 2000.

470

MEDIEVAL CUT-AND-THRUST SWORD 1260-1325 AD An iron sword of Oakeshott’s Type XVI.2, cross style 7, pommel style I1, showing a slender triangular blade with shallow fullers and acute point; narrow lower guard with flared ends; strong signs of battle nicks along the edges; long grip with the tang inserted inside a pommel of disc or ‘wheel’ form cut into a hexagonal or octagonal shape by facetting. 848 grams, 88cm (34½"). Fair condition, preserved and conserved. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance Property of a European gentleman living in London; from his grandfather’s collection by descent in 1989; formerly in the family collection since at least the 1970s; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato. Literature See Oakeshott, E., The sword in the Age of the Chivalry, Woodbridge, 1964 (1994); Dufty, A.R., European swords and daggers at the tower of London, London, 1974; Oakeshott, E. Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, 1991; Aleksi, M., Mediaeval Swords from Southeastern Europe, materials from 12th to 15th century, Beograd, 2007; substantially identical to a sword of second half of 13th century found in Lucera Castle (waiting for publication by the author of the report); another very similar specimen is the sword preserved in the Philadelphia Museum of Art (Oakeshott, 1991, p.153); further similar cutting and thrusting blades in Dufty, 1974, pl.4a. and Aleksi (2007, cat. 10, r. Hron, site Kalna nad Hronom, county of Levice, southwestern Slovakia, Tekovian Museum, Levice, inv.nr. 2976) all from 14th century AD. Footnotes The characteristic pommel and the presence of the socket in the tang of this specimen allow this sword to be paralleled by the description of French swords at the battle of Benevento (AD 1266) between Charles I d’Anjou and King Manfred of Sicily, in which the technological innovation brought by the Angevins on the field was the presence of estoc swords.

471

MEDIEVAL DAGGER WITH TREFOIL POMMEL 13th-15th century AD An iron dagger with double-edged triangular blade with narrow tang, narrow guard and trefoil-shaped pommel. 136 grams, 35cm (13¾"). Fine condition, conserved. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

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471

470

165


472

474

ELIZABETHAN PERIOD DECORATED RAPIER

LATE MEDIEVAL-RENAISSANCE DOPPELSÖLDNER SWORD WITH MAKER’S MARK

1550-1610 AD

Late 15th-early 16th century AD A rapier with a pointed diamond-section double-edged blade, ricasso extending to about 6cm with a stylised maker’s mark with evidence of inlay, same maker’s mark to the horizontal ring; bent quillons with inlay, an additional reinforcement knuckle bow to the lower part of the hilt, cylindrical pommel. 1.3 kg, 1.01m (39¾"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance From a private family collection; previously acquired from a collection formed before 1990; thence by descent; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato Literature See The Armouries of the Tower of London, Inventory of the armouries, the offensive weapons, London, 1916; Oakeshott, E., The sword in the Age of the Chivalry, Woodbridge, 1964 (1994); Dufty, A.R., European swords and daggers in the Tower of London, London, 1974; this specimen found various parallels with rapiers preserved in the museums around the world, like the ones published by Dufty (1974, plate 21) and preserved in the Tower of London, and (in the shape) with a decorated rapier of Metropolitan Museum (accession number 14.25.1117). Footnotes The rapier, derived from Oakeshott Type XVIIIe swords, where the ricasso is usually narrower than the blade itself, was the principal civilian sidearm throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, without excluding its military use. Designed for cut-and-thrust fencing of progressively complex techniques, the rapier was usually characterised by a double-edged blade with an acute point and a complex guard for the hand. The guards, usually of iron or steel, were subject to a variety of embellishment. They were engraved, chiselled, gilded, damascened, and encrusted in gold and silver in keeping with fashionable styles. Rapier blades, invariably of steel, bear a variety of maker’s marks denoting their origin in the two principal centres of blademaking, Toledo in Spain and Solingen in Germany. It is generally accepted among historians that the rapier eclipsed the more ungainly methods of fighting – the evidence certainly suggests that for young men the elongated rapier was the weapon of choice.

473

RENAISSANCE GERMAN DOPPELSÖLDNER SWORD 16th century AD A hand-and-a-half sword with double-edged blade, the broad blade with brass stamps for German armourer, one side with stylised Passau wolf, the other with globe and cross; long-armed quillons with rounded knobs; knuckle guard formed of two flat openwork parrying rings with linked horizontal rings, long grip and pear-shaped pommel. 2.5 kg, 1.32m (52"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance From a private family collection; previously acquired from a collection formed before 1990; thence by descent; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10210-167287. Literature See Wegeli, R., Inventar der Waffensammlung des Bernischen Historischen Museums in Bern, Bern, 1929; Dufty, A.R., European Swords and Daggers in the Tower of London, London, 1974; Tarassuk, L. and Blair, C., The complete encyclopedia of Arms & Weapons, Milan, 1989; Grotkamp-Schepers B., Immel I., Johnsson P. and Wetzler S., Das Schwert. Gestalt und Gedanke: The Sword. Form and Thought, Solingen, 2015; the weapon finds a parallel with various double-edged swords in Bernischen Historischen Museum (Wegeli,1919, pls.VII,X) and three swords published by Dufty (1974, pls.13-14). Footnotes The use of the Doppelsöldner sword, a variant of the normal two-handed sword used in the Late Middle Ages for foot duels between knights, underwent a radical evolution during the Renaissance. A heavy and wide-range weapon, devoted to massive cutting attacks, became standard equipment of the infantry and the most skilled swordsmen, arranged in the front lines of the battle-array with the duty of cutting through the forest of enemy pikes to allow their companions to pass thorough the ranks. Very large broadswords, Zweihänder or two-handed swords, became very popular during the 15th and 16th centuries, and are probably best known for their association with the famed Landsknechte or German mercenaries.

166

A two-handed sword with straight double-edged blade equipped with a narrow blood channel, three circles and letter R inlaid in brass to one side; long quillons with knop finials, knuckle guard with inlaid rosettes, long grip with maker’s mark, convex rectangular pommel. 2.2 kg, 1.29m (50¾"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance From a private family collection; previously acquired from a collection formed before 1990; thence by descent; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10211-167289. Literature See Wegeli, R., Inventar der Waffensammlung des Bernischen Historischen Museums in Bern, Bern, 1929; Tarassuk, L. and Blair, C., The complete encyclopedia of Arms & Weapons, Milano, 1989; Grotkamp-Schepers, B., Immel, I., Johnsson, P. and Wetzler, S., Das Schwert. Gestalt und Gedanke: The Sword. Form and Thought, Solingen, 2015; the weapon has parallels with various double-edged swords in Bernischen Historischen Museum (Wegeli, 1919, pl.viii). Footnotes Doppelsöldner (‘double-mercenaries’, ‘double-pay men’, from German doppel meaning double, sold meaning pay) were the Landsknechte in the 16thcentury Germany who volunteered to fight in the front line, taking on extra risk, in exchange for double payment. The stated ratio was that one Landsknecht in four would be a Doppelsöldner. Likewise, Landsknechte who schooled in the use of the Zweihänder, a two-handed sword, were entitled to double pay and thus qualified as Doppelsöldner. The fencing guild of the Brotherhood of St. Mark had the monopoly of the use of the Zweihänder after the Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, granted it to them in 1487.

475

STUART PERIOD ITALIAN RAPIER WITH MAKER’S MARK Early 17th century AD A rapier of Pappenheimer type with pointed double-edged blade with short fullers, the ricasso with a maker’s mark in the shape of a crown; double basket-hilt with openwork hand protector, an additional reinforcement ring to the lower part of the hilt, grip with original wooden core, pear-shaped pommel. 1.8 kg, 1.1m (43¼"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance Provenance: From a private family collection; previously acquired from a collection formed before 1990; thence by descent; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato. Literature See Oakeshott, E., The sword in the Age of the Chivalry, Woodbridge, 1964 (1994); Nickel, H., Pyhrr, S.W., Tarassuk, The Art of Chivalry. European Arms and Armour from the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1982; Whiters, H.J.S., The illustrated encyclopedia of Swords and sabres, Witston, 2011; Vello, M. & Tonin F., I grandi spadai Feltrini e Bellunesi (Master Swordsmiths of Feltre and Belluno), Roma, 2017. Footnotes This type of sword was probably an evolution of the Type XVIIIe of Oakeshott’s typology (1994, pp.72ff.) having as its main characteristic a long and narrow blade generally with a long (5–6) ricasso narrower than the blade itself, and the pommel of pear form. Oakeshott correctly recognised that this typology was the origin of rapiers, probably of Italian or Spanish creation. The name rapier derives from the Spanish term espada ropera (sword of the robes), meaning it could be worn with civilian clothing. This is why the rapier is associated with the image of the Renaissance gentleman. However, this weapon was specifically designed for military use.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


472

475

473

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

474

167


478 C

INDONESIAN KRIS DAGGER 17th-19th century AD A kris ritual dagger comprising a slender iron pamor blade, possibly of 17th century date, with later carved ivory pistol-grip handle with curved hulu pommel and reserved leaf and rosette patterns; in a 19th century wooden sheath in a brass sleeve with earlier wooden wrangka with signature and owner’s name(?) ‘Dialong Tiba’. 571 grams, 48cm (19"). Fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170 Provenance Property of a private New York collection, ex Hermann Historica. Literature See Gardner, G. B., Keris and Other Malay Weapons, Reprint Edition, 2010.

479

INDONESIAN KRIS DAGGER 17th-19th century AD A kris ritual dagger comprising a slender iron pamor straight blade, possibly of 17th century date, carved wooden pistol-grip handle with hulu pommel, in a 19th century copper alloy scabbard with earlier scooped wooden wrangka. 253 grams, 42cm (16½"). Fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170 476

477

Provenance Property of a private New York collection, ex Hermann Historica.

480

INDONESIAN KRIS DAGGER 17th-19th century AD

476

MEDIEVAL WAR HAMMER 15th-16th century AD An iron hammer or horseman’s pick with flat-section handle, transverse head with one flat hammer face and elongated spike to the rear, inlaid brass and copper pellets to each face, copper ring below the hammer face. 605 grams, 44cm (17¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From a private family collection; previously acquired from a collection formed before 1990; thence by descent.

477

MEDIEVAL EXECUTIONER’S AXE 14th-15th century AD An iron axe-head with long straight blade mounted from the upper edge, short wooden haft. 2.2 kg, 79cm (31"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a European gentleman living in London; from his grandfather’s collection by descent in 1989; formerly in the family collection since at least the 1970s.

168

A kris ritual dagger comprising a slender iron wavy pamor blade, possibly of 17th century date, with later carved wooden pistol-grip handle with curved hulu pommel, reserved leaf patterns, with earlier wooden wrangka with old collector’s label, handwritten German text beginning ‘Geschenk’ (gift) and date 1907(?); in a 19th century wooden sheath in a brass sleeve with incised foliage, wreath and Malay inscription. 346 grams, 51cm (20"). Fair condition. £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170 Provenance Property of a private New York collection, ex Hermann Historica. Literature See Gardner, G. B., Keris and Other Malay Weapons, Reprint Edition, 2010.

481

INDONESIAN KRIS DAGGER 17th-19th century AD A kris ritual dagger comprising a slender iron pamor blade, possibly of 17th century date, carved wooden pistol-grip handle with curved hulu pommel with reserved rosette and leaf patterns, copper-alloy scabbard with repoussé rosette pattern, in a 19th century wooden sheath in a brass sleeve with earlier wooden wrangka. 320 grams, 45cm (17¾"). Fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170 Provenance Property of a private New York collection, ex Hermann Historica. Literature See Gardner, G. B., Keris and Other Malay Weapons, Reprint Edition, 2010.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


478

479

480

481

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169


Stone Age Bronze Age Iron Age Also see lots 1967 - 2028 170

Lots 482 - 491


482

483

482

483

ANATOLIAN DECORATED MARBLE IDOL

BRONZE AGE KILIA ‘STAR GAZER’ IDOL HEAD COLLECTION

3rd millennium BC

Anatolia, 3rd millennium BC

A carved marble or alabaster idol with a discoid, lentoid-section body, short neck and facetted ‘triangular’ terminal, or ‘head’, with stylised eyes and eyebrows expressed as dot-in-ring motif below shallow crescents; double ornamental collar at the neck composed of two rows of vertical lines either side of a plain band; three sets of hatched lines around the body representing arms, groin and leg regions; a single dot-in-ring at the base of the neck on the reverse; mounted on a custom-made stand. 207 grams total, 12cm including stand (4¾"). Fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,610 - 8,810 USD 7,780 - 10,380

A group of twelve polished marble D-shaped ‘stargazer’ idol heads, each mounted on a custom-made display stand. 539 grams total, 6684mm including stands (2½ - 3¼"). Fine condition. [12] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190

Provenance From a private collection, 1960s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10212-167768.

Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman, his collection assembled 1965-2018; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10213167582. Literature See von Bothmer, D., Glories of the Past: Ancient Art from the Shelby White and Leon Levy Collection, New York, 1990.

Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Disc-shaped figure, Early Bronze Age III, accession no.1984.20, for a similar example.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

171


484

BRONZE AGE HEAVY GOLD BRACELET 2nd millennium BC A substantial solid gold bracelet, C-shaped in plan with slightly flattened round section profile and clubbed terminals; central or eastern European workmanship. 135 grams, 92mm (3½"). Very fine condition. £7,000 - 9,000 EUR 7,710 - 9,910 USD 9,080 - 11,670 Provenance Property of a London collector; from her family’s private collection; formerly with a London gallery; acquired in the 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10214-164063.

485

BRONZE AGE GOLD PENANNULAR RING MONEY 12th-8th century BC

484

A triple-banded gold ‘ring money’ or adornment, a composite collartype ring comprising three conjoined bands. 3.43 grams, 14mm (½"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of an Essex gentleman; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in 2010; previous in an old continental collection formed before 1980. Literature Cf. Taylor, J.T., Bronze Age Goldwork of the British Isles, Cambridge, 1980, pl.30h (which was found at Granta Fen, Ely, Cambs) and 34d and 34e. Footnotes Chris Rudd says: ‘Though primarily made as a piece of jewellery – almost certainly a tress-ring in this instance – such rings probably had a secondary purpose too, as a convenient method of portable wealth storage. In that sense one might justifiably regard these items as a form of primitive pre-coinage money, although today’s archaeologists are keen that we refer to them as ‘penannular rings’ rather than ‘ring money.’

485

486

‘THE SHALFORD’ BRONZE AGE GOLDSMITH’S ANVIL 12th-8th century BC A high tin content bronze jeweller’s anvil comprising a rectangular body, 41mm in height, 40mm in width and 25mm in thickness; the top edge of the anvil is bevelled, with a longitudinal ridge in the centre and with two working faces sloping downwards; when viewed from the side, the body of the anvil is pentagonal in shape; there is a sub rectangular projection extending from the base of the body for sinking into a wooden block approximately 51mm long and 9mm thick; this projection is sub-ovoid in cross section and tapers both in width and in thickness towards the tip with projecting side flanges to provide a key, also tapered. 353 grams, 92.93mm (3 5/8"). Very fine condition. An excessively rare, museum-quality example. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Found whilst searching with a metal detector near Shalford, Essex, on 13 September 2020, and recorded with the Portable Antiquities Scheme under report number [TBC]. Literature Similar to another anvil, also found in Essex, recorded with the Portable Antiquities Scheme with reference number ESS-3965F0. Footnotes Gold-working in the Bronze Age British Isles produced ornaments and other items between circa 2500 and 800 BC. In this period, communities in Britain first learned how to work metal, leading to the widespread creation of gold, copper and bronze items; gold artefacts were especially prestigious items used to show the high status of those individuals who wore, or were buried with them.

486

172

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487

488

489 487

488

BRONZE AGE ‘THE MANSTON HOARD’ PALSTAVE AXEHEAD

BRONZE AGE CEREMONIAL SPEARHEAD

Middle Bronze Age, 1400-1150 BC

1st millennium BC

A substantial bronze palstave axehead from the Manston hoard pit deposit, being one of the best examples in the hoard; triangular flanges rise from the butt to the stop bar; a hollow to both faces below the septum; narrow body expanding to a wide triangular blade with slight flare at the tips. 527 grams, 18cm (7"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

A bronze spearhead with tapering socket, slender two-edged leafshaped blade, two holes above the shoulder for attachment of a banner or decorative cords. 106 grams, 12cm (4¾"). Fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

Provenance Found near Manston, Kent, UK, 2016; accompanied by copies of the British Museum PAS report number KENT-495597, and Treasure Act documentation under Treasure Reference 2016 T618. Literature See Evans, J., The Ancient Bronze Implements, Weapons and Ornaments of Great Britain and Ireland, London, 1881, pp.76-84 and figs.56-68, for similar types. Published See Portable Antiquities Scheme, reference PAS KENT-495597, for this find. Footnotes A rare opportunity to acquire a scarce type of British Bronze Age axe from a recorded treasure hoard.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From a private Buckinghamshire, UK, collection; acquired in the 1990s.

489

BRONZE AGE COMB-TOOTH DECORATED BOWL Mid 3rd-2nd millennium BC A carinated bowl with everted rim and shallow circular foot; the upper body with comb tooth decoration around the circumference. 678 grams, 20cm wide (8"). Very fine condition. £200 - 300 EUR 220 - 330 USD 260 - 390 Provenance From the private collection of Antony John Scammell (1937-2019); acquired on the UK art market from 1960-2000.

173


490

491 490

491

‘THE ASHWELLTHORPE’ CELTIC STAFF TERMINAL

CELTIBERIAN SILVER FIBULAE PAIR

1st century BC-1st century AD

3rd-2nd century BC

A bronze upper staff terminal in the form of a closed crook with socket for attachment, the slender curved tip extending from the socket and ending in a stylised bovine or horse head with incised eyes, detailing to edges and the nose ending with small loop, possibly to receive a tassel; the socket with two cross pins to secure to a wooden shaft. 45.1 grams, 44mm (1¾"). Very fine condition. Extremely rare. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210

A matched pair of silver bow brooches each with vertical grooving and a hollow sphere at each end, sprung pin to the reverse; supplied with custom-made stands. 145 grams total, 80-84mm (3¼"). Very fine condition. [2] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890

Provenance Found while searching with a metal detector in Ashwellthorpe parish, near Norwich, Norfolk, UK, Tuesday 17 October 2017; uncovered in undisturbed soil at a depth of 18 inches; accompanied by a copy of the Portable Antiquities Scheme Report number NMS-003D82, including associated museum drawings.

Provenance From a private Cologne, Germany, collection; previously in a private South German collection, acquired at Sotheby’s, London, 3 December 1991, lot 6; accompanied by copies of the relevant Sotheby’s catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10215-167712.

Literature Cf. Portable Antiquities Scheme, reference NMS-178AE0, for a similar, more ornately detailed example, also from Norfolk. Published Portable Antiquities Scheme, reference NMS-003D82 (this item).

174

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Saxon Viking & Germanic Also see lots 2029 - 2099

Lots 492 - 517 175


492

492

‘THE BRADWELL’ ANGLO-SAXON CHESS PIECE 6th-7th century AD A bronze warrior figurine, an armed rider sitting astride his horse on a small rectangular base; the male warrior with centre-parted bobbed hair, large pellet eyes and moustache, pointed chin, arms held close to the sides with right hand gripping the reins and left hand and forearm covered by the circular shield with central boss, the legs with ankle-length trousers and pointed shoes to the feet, a scabbarded sword to the left hip with hilt and lobed pommel; the scabbard, reins and bridle depicted in three parallel bands. 28.04 grams, 41.59mm (1¾"). Fine condition, minor damage to left shoulder. An excessively rare museum-quality object. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,610 - 8,810 USD 7,780 - 10,380 Provenance Property of a Norfolk gentleman; found by his son whilst searching with a metal detector near Bradwell, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, UK, on Monday 13 July 2015; accompanied by a copy of the Portable Antiquities Scheme report number NMS-40A7A7, and a detailed report by Anglo-Saxon specialist Stephen Pollington; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10216166087.

176

Literature The depiction of the mounted warrior is similar to on one of the decorative motifs on the Sutton Hoo helmet (Bruce-Mitford 1978, The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial, Vol.2, p.149, fig.110d), where the warrior rides stirrupless and carries a round shield and sword. Published Portable Antiquities Scheme, report number NMS-40A7A7. Footnotes Stephen Pollington writes: ‘The purpose of the piece must remain the object of speculation but one context suggests itself immediately. Many high-status male burials of the period (e.g. Sutton Hoo, Taplow, Prittlewell) include the remains of a board on which a table-top game (similar to chess) was played, and other burials likewise include gaming counters among the grave-goods. Later examples use miniature carved figures instead of counters - such as the famous 12th century set of character figures carved in ivory, discovered on the Isle of Lewis in Scotland. It seems possible that this figure was intended for a similar function... The figure is of great academic interest as a rare example of a 6th-7th century human form modelled in the round, and of a warrior horseman with his standard form of equipment (but lacking his helmet and spears).’

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493

494

493

VIKING TREFOIL BROOCH WITH ODIN MASKS 9th century AD A bronze trefoil brooch comprising: three radiating flat lobes each with a facing mask of annular eyes, D-shaped headdress and a lentoid mouth with beard, all within a beaded frame; three interstitial radiating raised D-shaped lobes each with a smaller similar face; central disc with segmented rim, three kidney-shaped motifs surrounding a triangle with spiral decoration; pin lugs to the reverse and two pierced lugs for attachment of necklace swags. 40 grams, 65mm (2½"). Extremely fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,610 - 8,810 USD 7,780 - 10,380 Provenance Property of a professional collector; acquired before 1990; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10217-166951. Literature Cf. Arbman, H., Birka I: Die Gräber, Uppsala, 1940, pl.75, items 1-6.

Footnotes The brooch is an unusually fine example of the type with intriguing masks executed in a very flat style, unlike most examples from e.g. Birka where the ornament is in high-relief and somewhat coarser in execution. The meaning of the masks is at present unknown, but suggestions include figures from mythology (e.g. the god Óðinn) or legend (e.g. Bödvar Bjarki the bear-warrior).

494

‘THE NETHERGATE’ ANGLO-SAXON MASKED MOUNT 6th century AD A gilt bronze finial from a cruciform brooch comprising a stylised facing mask with raised ‘bug’ eyes, the beard parted at the chin and curled to form birds’ heads in profile. 10.7 grams, 29mm (1"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Found while searching with a metal detector in Nethergate parish, Saxlingham, near Norwich, Norfolk, UK; in the 1980s; accompanied by an old Norwich Castle Museum envelope with reference numbers A.H.9 and 14319. Literature Cf. West, S., A Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Finds From Suffolk, East Anglian Archaeology 84, Ipswich, 1998, fig.152(7).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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495

496

495

VIKING FIRE STRIKER WITH BEAST HEADS 10th-12th century AD A bronze firesteel with iron striking blade, applied handle with lateral beast-heads, central owl figure with wings spread. 70 grams, 10.4cm (4"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

496

VIKING FIRE STRIKER WITH ODIN AND RAVENS 10th-12th century AD A firesteel with bronze handle and iron striking face; the handle formed as a facing male figure on a base of pellets, with a large perching bird to each side touching his head with the beak. 32.6 grams, 53mm (2"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

497 497

SCANDINAVIAN VIKING LACERTINE MOUNT WITH ENTWINED BEASTS 10th-11th century AD A sheet bronze appliqué formed as a lacertine panel with four canines, probably wolves, enmeshed, the three remaining profile heads and forelegs extending beyond the quatrefoil border, reserved on a pounced field; the eyes pierced for attachment. 3.25 grams, 49mm (2"). Fine condition. Extremely rare. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market. Literature Cf. Wilson, D.M. & Klindt-Jensen, O., Viking Art, London, 1966, pl.LIX, for similar reserved mesh of animal forms.

498

VIKING ENAMELLED RUS PENDANT WITH BIRD 10th-12th century AD A gilt-bronze earring or pendant with hinged hoop, D-shaped body with champ-levé enamelled ornament, a standing bird to one face and a floral motif to the other. 10.6 grams, 34mm (1¼"). Fine condition, usage wear. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

498

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


499

VIKING GOLD TWISTED BAND RING 9th-11th century AD A gold finger ring with the tapering shank formed as two twisted rods with punched pellet detailing. 5.34 grams, 23.34mm overall, 17.84mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (1"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance From the property of an Essex private collector; acquired in the early 1990s. Literature Cf. Johnson, C.E., A Typological Assessment of Late Anglo-Saxon and Viking Age Finger-Rings from Britain Dating from AD 600-1100, MA dissertation, UCL, 2014, item 25 (Boynton, PAS reference MCL-40E866).

499

500

MEROVINGIAN GOLD RING WITH GARNETS 6th-7th century AD A gold finger ring with hoop formed as concentric bands and beaded central band, rectangular bezel with granulated border, two rectangular cells with inset garnet cloisons. 5.52 grams, 21.70mm overall, 18.50mm internal diameter (approximate size British P½, USA 7¾, Europe 16.86, Japan 16) (¾"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From the private collection of a Swedish gentleman based in London; from his collection formed in the 1990s.

500

Literature See Hadjadj, R., Bagues Merovingiennes - Gaul du Nord, Paris, 2007.

501

MEROVINGIAN GOLD RING WITH GARNET 5th-7th century AD A gold ring with hoop comprising four thin round-section hoops, supporting a flanged discoid bezel with raised perimeter, set with a cut and polished garnet. 1.57 grams, 19.67mm overall, 16.29mm internal diameter (approximate size British K, USA 5¼, Europe 9.95, Japan 9) (¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance From a deceased London, UK, collector; formerly with Paul Moore, Hampshire, UK.

501

Literature Cf. Hadjadj, R., Bagues Merovingiennes: Gaul du Nord, Paris, 2007, item 119, for a very similar example.

502

VIKING GOLD RIBBED LOOP PENDANT 9th-12th century AD A gold pendant formed as a ribbed hoop with fluted suspension loop. 2.85 grams, 17mm (¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a Staffordshire, UK, gentleman; formerly in the private collection of a Dorset gentleman since the 1980s; before that from a German collection in Hamburg.

502

503

VIKING GOLD ‘ELF SHOT’ PENDANT 9th-12th century AD A bifacial gold sleeve with double band of applied beading at top and bottom, and applied beading running from border to central piercing and around it; inset amuletic stone. 4.29 grams, 22mm (1"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of an Essex gentleman; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in 2010; previous in an old continental collection formed before 1980. Literature See Evans, J., The Ancient Stone Implements, Weapons and Ornaments of Great Britain, London, 1897, p.365, for discussion of curated stone blades for magical and curative purposes. For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

503

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504

505

506

504

505

VIKING SILVER PLAITED TORC WITH RUNES

VIKING SILVER STAMPED ARM RING

9th-10th century AD

10th-12th century AD

A silver neck-ring with body formed of braided silver rods and applied ropework wires between, hook-and-eye closure with notched edges, pointillé decoration to each comprising the runes for ‘g’ (gibu?) and ‘z’ (algiz?). 170 grams, 18cm (7"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190

A silver arm ring formed as a round-section shank with repeated stamped motif of a lozenge with a pellet at the centre (eye motif?), expanding at each end to an octagonal-section bar with punched eye motifs alternating with annulets, narrow neck and domed finial. 155 grams, 11.3cm (4½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

Provenance Property of a professional collector; acquired before 1990; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10218-166952. Literature Cf. Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, pl.III, item 13.

Provenance Ex Dutch art market; formerly in the Van de Berg collection, 1980s-2000s. Literature See Hårdh, B., Silver in the Viking Age. A Regional-Economic Study, Acta Archaeologica Lundensia no.25, Stockholm, 1996, for discussion.

Footnotes The forms of the runes applied to this item would have been extremely archaic at the time the ring was made, the saltire (gibu) was already obsolescent in the 8th century AD due to linguistic and other changes. It is possible that they were retained in use as traditional symbols after they had been deleted from the script currently in use, the Younger Futhark. The meanings of the characters were originally ‘gift’ and ‘protection, defence’.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


506

VIKING SILVER TWISTED TORC 10th-12th century AD A silver neck-ring with round-section shank of coiled facetted rods, each end forged to a square-section flange flaring to a scrolled finial. 76 grams, 13cm (5"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex Dutch art market; formerly in the Van de Berg collection, 1980s-2000s. Literature See Hårdh, B., Silver in the Viking Age. A Regional-Economic Study, Acta Archaeologica Lundensia no.25, Stockholm, 1996, chapter 4. Footnotes The scrolled flange finials are not typical of Viking period Scandinavian finds and may reflect an origin in the southern Baltic region or further south along the River Volga. The ring is light for a Scandinavian example, although finds weighing between 50 and 100 grams are common in southern Scandinavia and in the Slavonic regions bordering the Baltic (i.e. modern western Poland). In Finland and elsewhere in the eastern Baltic, silver neck rings were often coiled tightly beyond usable dimensions for a collar and then used as a form of currency in tribute payments and, to a limited degree, in commercial transactions.

507

507

VIKING SILVER BRACELET WITH STAMPED DECORATION 9th-12th century AD A substantial silver penannular bracelet with octagonal cross-section and tapering shank, five of the facetted faces are stamped with a series of triangles containing three pellets in a pyramidal formation. 58.6 grams, 77mm (3"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From the private collection of a Swedish gentleman based in London, formed in the 1990s.

508

VIKING SILVER BRACELET WITH ATTACHMENTS 9th-12th century AD

508

A silver bracelet with tapering round-section shank and twisted terminals; attached is a smaller hoop with round-section shank and twisted terminals from which are suspended three pendants: one formed as an axehead with a piriform motif repeated on both faces; one with a loop formed with twisted shank and terminals, attached to a triangular pendant with integral suspension loop and decorated with a series of recessed lines; one with a round-section loop with twisted terminals attached to a pendant formed as a stylised bird with spread wings; all free-running. 26.4 grams, 10.6cm (4¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From the private collection of a Swedish gentleman based in London, formed in the 1990s.

509

PRE-VIKING SILVER DECORATED PENDANT WITH RAVENS 4th-8th century AD A silver pendant formed as two facing birds with large beaks, large concentric circles forming the eyes; the design executed using pierced work, punched dots and stamped triangles; integral tubular suspension loop stamped with two bands of triangles. 2.93 grams, 32mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

509

Provenance Property of a professional collector; acquired before 1990.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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510

VIKING SILVER FILIGREE PENDANT 8th-9th century AD A silver discoid pendant with integral loop, granulated shoulders, ropework border and concentric granulated filigree bands; the central design comprises a circle within a triangle with granules and swirls at each corner. 4.69 grams, 43mm (1¾"). Extremely fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820

510

Provenance Property of a Lancashire gentleman; previously in a German collection; formerly the property of a European gentleman living in Germany; acquired in the 1980s; accompanied by an old detailed cataloguing slip. Literature See Arbman, H., Birka I: Die Gräber, Uppsala, 1940, for discussion and comparable examples; see Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, for discussion and comparable examples.

511

VIKING SILVER BORRE-STYLE BEAST PENDANT 9th-12th century AD A silver flat-section disc pendant with integral tubular loop, four decorative bands to front face of loop which is slightly concave, openwork motif of a regardant beast with segmented body; pelletted border. 8.3 grams, 38mm (1½"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210 Provenance Property of a Staffordshire, UK, gentleman; formerly the property of a private collector; acquired in Munich, Germany, in the late 1980s.

511

Literature Cf. Korshyn, V.E., Yazicheskiye Priveski Drevniye Rysi X-XIV, Vekov, Moscow, 2013, for comparable objects.

512

VIKING SILVER JELLINGE PENDANT WITH REGARDANT BEAST 10th century AD A silver discoid openwork pendant with integral loop, openwork Jellinge style beast with tendrils and hatched border. 6.02 grams, 35mm (1½"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a Staffordshire, UK, gentleman; formerly in the private collection of a Dorset gentleman since the 1980s; before that from a German collection in Hamburg. Literature Cf. Korshyn, V.E., Yazicheskiye Priveski Drevniye Rysi X-XIV Vekov, Moscow, 2013, type J.2.02.

512

513

VIKING GILT SILVER ODIN WITH RAVENS PENDANT 9th-10th century AD A discoid silver-gilt pendant with integral loop, border enclosing a lowrelief image of a male facing mask between two birds embraced at the necks. 3.34 grams, 23mm (1"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Property of a Staffordshire, UK, gentleman; formerly in the private collection of a Dorset gentleman since the 1980s; before that from a German collection in Hamburg; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.164344/7/10/2020. Literature Cf. Hammond, B. M., British Artefacts Volume 2 - Middle Saxon and Viking, p.57, item 1.5.3-f.; and Korshyn, V.E., Yazcheskye Priveski Drevnei Rusi X-XIV Vekov, Moscow, 2013, item M.2.02.

513

182

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


514

VIKING GILT SILVER ODIN PENDANT 9th-10th century AD A silver-gilt discoid pendant with integral loop; the piece is executed in the Jellinge and Borre styles, with a banded border enclosing a facing Odin mask on a coiled profile. 3.41 grams, 21mm (¾"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Property of a Lancashire gentleman; previously the property of a Munich collector; acquired on the German art market in the 1980s; accompanied by an old detailed cataloguing slip.

514

Footnotes The Jellinge and Borre styles of art overlapped for a long period, but despite this, only a few examples of art and jewellery are known. Apparently, the most popular Borre-style motif was an animal with gripping paws, usually enclosed within a circular border, while a more slender, s-shaped body and ribbon decoration distinguishes the typical Jellinge-style beasts.

515

VIKING SILVER THOR’S HAMMER PENDANT 9th-12th century AD A bifacial silver pendant formed as Thor’s hammer, with integral suspension loop; vertical lines on the blade, ‘X’ on the shaft, ropework collar above, loop with raised edges and horizontal lines. 6.09 grams, 27mm (1"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a professional collector; acquired before 1990.

515

Literature See Montelius, O., Sveriges Forntid: Atlas I, Stockholm, 1874, pl.174, items 625, 626. Footnotes The hammer of Thor was used as a symbol of religious devotion, in reaction to the use of the pendant cross by Christian cultures.

516

VIKING GILT SILVER APOTHECARY SPOON 11th-12th century AD A silver-gilt bifacial pendant comprising an ovoid plaque with raised ornament, bulb with raised pellet eyes and loop above, D-shaped panel below with facing mask, polyhedral block and scooped piriform spoon bowl. 13.8 grams, 75mm (3"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From an East London collection; previously in a collection formed between 1990-2000.

516

Literature Cf. Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, plate XVII (13, 14), for type.

517

VIKING FIGURAL MOUNT WITH HELMETTED HEAD 9th-12th century AD A bronze tongue-shaped mount formed as a stylised standing human figure wearing a conical helmet; face with annulet eyes, long nose and thin mouth, arms held across torso; a triangular void suggests the legs and feet. 8.2 grams, 43mm (1¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

517

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

183


Medieval Post Medieval & Christian Also see lots 2100 - 2335 184

Lots 518 - 569


518

518

MEDIEVAL WYVERN GARGOYLE 15th century AD A large carved sandstone corbel comprising a vertical moulded column section with slot to the rear, grotesque wyvern with straight forelegs supporting the body, head with gaping mouth, ribbed wings folded to the flanks and coiled serpentine lower body. 32.9 kg, 74cm (29"). Fine condition, repair to ear. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Jean-Emmanuel Prunier, 23 January 2011, lot 90; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10219166465.

185


519

520

519

LARGE MEDIEVAL GUARDIAN LION STATUE 11th-12th century AD A large carved stone male lion standing on a rectangular D-section base; the animal’s back is curved, its haunches rounded, head held erect and broad mane extending from the neck onto the shoulders and chest; from the Provence region of southern France. 79.4 kg, 67cm (26½"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Ex UK collection since 2012; formerly in the Bruneton Collection, France; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato Literature See Eusebio, R. M., La voce delle cattedrali, Bari, 2010. Footnotes Most probably this lion was positioned at the entrance of a church, or an isolated guardian of the borders of some feudal possession. The lion was an undisputed symbol of strength: therefore, placed at the entrance of the churches, it symbolised the strength that monitored the sacred space. According to medieval bestiaries, the lion was also a symbol of Christ. From the 4th century AD, the vision of Ezekiel and John’s Apocalypse assigned the lion a stable place in the iconography of the tetramorph (the Four Living Beings

186

in front of God) to represent the evangelist Mark next to the calf (Luke), the Angel (Matthew) and the eagle (John). They are the four winged cherubs singing the triumphal hymn, exclaiming, proclaiming, and saying: ‘Holy, holy, holy, Lord Sabaoth’. The oldest representations date back to the 5th century AD and are found in the mosaics of the baptistery of Naples and in the apse of S. Prudenziana in Rome. The tetramorph - that synthesises a single being with multiple faces meaning the different Christian senses of the four animals - was a favourite subject in 12th century medieval art for the decoration of the main portals of the great churches and cathedrals.

520

LARGE MEDIEVAL GUARDIAN BEAR STATUE 12th century AD A large carved stone male bear standing on an integral domed rectangular base; the bear is modelled with a stocky frame and shoulders, strong forepaws, rounded haunches and genitals, large head with conical muzzle and incised nostrils; from the Provence region of southern France. 62 kg total, 80cm long (31½"). Fair condition, some restoration. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Ex UK collection since 2012; formerly in the Bruneton Collection, France. Literature See Eusebio, R.M., La voce delle cattedrali, Bari, 2010.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


521

522

521

522

MEDIEVAL FRENCH HEAD OF THE VIRGIN MARY

MEDIEVAL MARBLE HEAD OF AN ANGEL

Late 13th century AD

Late 14th century AD

A large Gothic head of the Virgin Mary as a young lady, delicately sculpted face with graceful expression, wearing a long veil and a heavy crown with fleur-de-lys, long hair arranged in concentric waves with middle parting; surviving pigment to the crown, folds of the veil and tunic; reputedly from Île-de-France. 15.4 kg, 29.5cm (11½"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780

A frontal part of a Gothic marble angel, representing an Archangel, possibly Gabriel, as a young boy; the delicately carved round face with beautiful features and small dimples to cheeks, short wavy hair falling around the crown of the head with longer curls above ears; some pigment remaining on the ears and blue pigment on the hair; reputedly from Catalonia; mounted on a custom-made stand. 4.9 kg total, 25.5cm (10"). Fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,610 - 8,810 USD 7,780 - 10,380

Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Christie’s, 27 April 2010, lot 457; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10220-166461. Literature See Joubert, F., La sculpture gothique en France. XIIe-XIIIe siècles, Paris, 2008; Kasarska, L., La sculpture de la façade occidentale de la cathédrale de Laon. Eschatologie et humanisme, Paris, 2008. Footnotes This statue derives from the development of an artistic movement aiming to abandon the monumental perspective in favour of a narrative. The sculptures become gradually more independent from architecture and more realistic in their colours and details, making use of the effects of shadows and lights. The drapes are portrayed in a more realistic way, the faces are illuminated by tender smiles. The statue belongs to the stylistic current embodied by the Ivory Virgin of the Sainte-Chapelle and therefore to the productions of Île-de-France, whose influence dominates the south of the Oise and beyond. This work bears witness to the rise of Mary’s worship in the early Middle Ages, inspiring sculptors to produce statues in the image of a smiling young woman.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Sotheby’s, New York, 26 January 2012, lot 296; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10221-166460. Literature See Sauerlander, W., Gothic sculpture in France, 1140-1270, New York, 1972; Joubert, F., La sculpture gothique en France. XIIe-XIIIe siècles, Paris, 2008; Kasarska, L., La sculpture de la façade occidentale de la cathédrale de Laon. Eschatologie et humanisme, Paris, 2008. Footnotes Religious statuary was at its peak during the 13th and 14th centuries. The facades and interiors of cathedrals and abbeys were richly adorned with polychrome statues, paying homage to the life of Jesus, but also of his apostles, saints, bishops and abbots of the time, as well as to the heavenly court represented by the angels. The smiling faces like the one of this angel, are influenced by a group of apostles from the Holy Chapel completed around 1248 AD and by the Saint Etienne portal of Notre-Dame de Paris. We can find similar examples of the smiling angel from Reims around 1260 AD, and a quote from Saint John of the Holy Chapel: ‘slenderness of the swaying body, small round head at the curly hair, assertive smile’. ‘

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523

524 523

MEDIEVAL SPANISH CAPITAL WITH CHILD AND LIONS 12th century AD A carved limestone capital from an arch with carinated base, two addorsed lions crouching with erect tails supporting a curved plinth with rectangular upper, facing bust of a child with fleshy facial features and tousled hair. 25.7 kg, 37cm (14½"). Fair condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Piasa, Paris, France, 7th June 2013, lot 17; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10222-166462.

524

KING EDWARD I ROYAL SEAL MATRIX FOR THE CITY OF YORK 20 November 1272–7 July 1307 AD A large circular bronze customs seal matrix with four pierced external lugs for alignment, raised outer band with incuse Lombard script legend ‘S’ DNI EDWARDI REGIS ANGLIE CIVITATIS EBORACI’ [Seal of the Lord Edward, King of England, of the City of York] with pellets to the inner edge; central motif a heater shield with royal arms of three leopards passant gardant; the reverse side plain. 126 grams, 68.83mm across lugs (2¾"). Extremely fine condition. An extremely rare Norfolk find. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,610 - 8,810 USD 7,780 - 10,380

188

Provenance Property of a retired Norfolk gentleman; acquired by gift from Mr Woods (deceased), in lieu of a favour in the late 1980s, Mr Woods having found it whilst dredging the river in Norwich just after the second world war; accompanied by an original letter from Mr Phillips explaining the circumstances by which he acquired the seal; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10223-165857. Literature Cf. Tonnochy, A.B., Catalogue of British Seal-Dies in the British Museum, London, 1952, p.15, item 44 and pl.VI, for an almost identical example. Footnotes The seal was very probably used by a royal or archiepiscopal official in connection with the collection of customs dues and taxes: it was applied to a wax seal attached to merchants’ goods or documents to indicate that the appropriate taxes and duties had been paid when entering or leaving the city of York or any associated port. The seal was issued to and used by the Customs official for the city of York under authority delegated directly by the King. It has a close parallel in the collection of the British Museum (Catalogue of seals, no.1166) which was donated to the museum by the Lords of the Treasury in 1842. A later seal die of Edward III of similar form and purpose is held by the Victoria and Albert Museum under accession number 1097-1905. The circumstances of discovery are recounted in a signed letter submitted by the vendor, in which he relates that the object had been recovered from mud dredged from the River Wensum in Norwich, Norfolk, by Mr Allan Woods, then a fitter employed in a nearby new factory and soon after him leaving the army at the end of World War II. This gentleman passed the object onto the vendor in (part-) payment for supplying a custom-made frame for a display demonstrating a powered headlight.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


525

MEDIEVAL ‘ANTOINE THE BASTARD’ OF BURGUNDY ARMORIAL SEAL MATRIX 15th century AD A large bronze circular seal matrix: incuse and reverse armorial bearings of Antoine of Burgundy; central design comprising a bird, possibly an owl, standing on a helmet on a heraldic shield, flanked by rearing winged griffins among other banners, all encircled within a border; legend inscription in blackletter script reading ‘S’ anthoine bastart de bourgomgue conte de la nothe’(?), punctuated by small crosses or lis motifs and enclosed by circular border; integral raised rib and ‘lug’ through diameter on reverse; supplied with an impression. 55 grams, 52mm (2"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590

525

Provenance Property of an Essex collector; acquired by purchase Didcot, 1996; accompanied by report 714 by the Academy of Saint Gabriel, and file of associated information. Footnotes The seal was probably part of the spoils of the Burgundian wars in 1476/1477. Antoine of Burgundy, also known to his contemporaries as ‘the Large Bastard’ was born in 1421 to Philip III, Duke of Burgundy, and one of his mistresses, Jeanne de Presle. Antoine died in 1504. He bore at least two of his father’s arms, sometimes adding a ‘bendlet sinister argent overall’ or by displaying his father’s arms upon a broad bend, as in the case of his seal matrix.

526

MEDIEVAL JOAN OF ARC STATUETTE 15th century AD

526

A bronze figure of La Pucelle d’Orléans in plate armour holding a sword before her chest and legs. 21.25 grams, 59mm (2¼"). Fair condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From the private collection of a medical professional; previously in the collection of Mr Maurice Fallies [1883-1965].

527

‘THE GREYWELL’ ROMANESQUE LION STATUETTE 12th-13th century AD A bronze figure of a crouching lion on its haunches with forelegs held straight, tail curled to the middle of the back; rectangular base with gusseted rim and stud beneath; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 228 grams, 85mm including stand (3 3/8"). Very fine condition. Rare. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance Found Greywell, South East Hampshire, UK; accompanied by a copy of the Portable Antiquities Scheme report number HAMP-080143.

527

Published Recorded with the Portable Antiquities Scheme under reference HAMP080143.

528

MEDIEVAL TRIPOD CANDLESTICK 15th century AD A bronze pricket candlestick with carinated drip-tray, three splayed legs with cusped flanges and feet, possibly a marriage. 385 grams, 15.2cm (6"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From the Brian Carter collection, Stroud, UK; acquired in the 1970s.

528

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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529

530

529

531

RENAISSANCE SANDALLED FOOT OIL LAMP

‘THE FLEET’ MEDIEVAL GOLD ICONOGRAPHIC RING WITH THE HOLY TRINITY

16th century AD

15th century AD A bronze oil lamp formed as a human right foot wearing an open sandal, the nozzle a curved tube below the first and second toe, pierced suspension lug to the upper face, loop handle to the heel with bulb above, domed lid with aviform handle. 343 grams, 15.6cm (6"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From a private lighting collection, Surrey, UK; acquired 2002 at a Suffolk art fair; previously in a UK collection. Literature Cf. similar item in the Statensmuseum for Kunst, Denmark under reference DEP23/2020903; made by Andrea Riccio (1485-1532).

530

‘THE WISBECH’ MEDIEVAL GOLD AND SAPPHIRE LOVE RING Mid 14th-mid 15th century AD A gold finger ring with D-section hoop, flared and cusped shoulders each with an inset garnet and heart-shaped reveal, trapezoidal bezel with claw setting for a cabochon sapphire; the underside flat with blackletter ‘ihc’ legend. 4.06 grams, 20.76mm overall, 16.13mm internal diameter (approximate size British K½, USA 5½, Europe 10.58, Japan 10) (¾"). Very fine condition. Rare and important. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,610 - 8,810 USD 7,780 - 10,380 Provenance Found whilst searching with a metal detector on Monday 20th January 2020, near Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, 2020; recorded with Portable Antiquities Scheme and disclaimed under Treasure Act reference 2020-T74; accompanied by various documents including a letter from the British Museum stating that the ring is to be returned to the finder, and a copy of the PAS report number NMS-71D15D, and an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.165864/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10224-165864. Literature See Gaimster, G. & Gilchrist, R., The Archaeology of the Reformation 14801580, and Kunz, G., Rings for the Finger, 1973. Published Published under the Treasure Act, reference 2020-T74 and Portable Antiquities Scheme report number NMS-71D15D.

A solid gold ring with D-section hoop, expanding shoulders with crown of thorns decoration and ellipsoidal bezel; incised Christian religious scene depicting the trinity: at the centre is the crucified Jesus Christ, head slumped to his left; behind and above is God with halo and arms supporting Jesus; either side of God’s head at the top are two recessed sub-triangular fields which likely represent wings and thus the Holy Spirit; these wings may once have contained white enamel. 4.60 grams, 20.81mm overall, 17.42mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (¾"). Very fine condition, some wear as used as a ‘touch piece’. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance Found while searching with a metal detector near Fleet, Lincolnshire, UK, on 12 March 2009; declared as treasure to HM Coroner, Boston, Lincolnshire, with Treasure Act reference number 2009 T140, and subsequently disclaimed; accompanied by copies of the treasure report for HM Coroner, and various other correspondence from Lincolnshire Police and the British Museum, and a copy of the PAS report number LIN-A52493; and an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.167355/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10225-167355. Literature Cf. Chadour, A. B., Rings: The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, Volume I, Leeds, 1994, p.181, for a comparable example and discussion; cf. Oman, C.C., Victoria and Albert Museum Catalogue of Rings, reprinted Ipswich, 1993, items 484, 486, for very similar type; cf. Scarisbrick, D. & Henig, M., Finger Rings from Ancient to Modern, Oxford, 2003, for comparable examples and discussion. Published Published on the Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) with reference number LIN-A52493. Footnotes The surface of the ring is worn, suggesting that the bezel scene served as a touch-piece or amulet. Other similar finger rings depict the Holy Spirit as a dove; it is possible that the ‘wings’ on this example are decorative, and that the dove is worn away. Iconographic rings became popular with the rise of the cult of patron saints in the 15th century. They were often given at weddings and as New Year gifts in England and Scotland. After the Reformation, iconographic jewellery was no longer considered socially acceptable and the type declined in use.

Footnotes The HM Coroner report offers a date range of 1350-1550 AD, based on the overall format of the ring, the devotional significance of the Christogram (ihc) and the cut of the cabochon. A date in the later 16th century or beyond is regarded as improbable due to the prevailing religious climate of the Reformation.

190

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532

MEDIEVAL GOLD RING WITH GARNET AND GRIFFINS 15th century AD A substantial gold finger ring with high-relief griffin couchant regardant to each shoulder, collar to the bezel with inset garnet cabochon. 15.08 grams, 26.70mm overall, 18.57mm internal diameter (approximate size British R, USA 8½, Europe 18¾, Japan 18) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family’s collection; acquired in the 1970s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.167681/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10226-167681.

531

533

MEDIEVAL GOLD WEDDING RING WITH CROSS 12th-14th century AD A gold ring comprising a D-shaped hoop and expanding shoulders with scroll work flourishes and raised discoid bezel bearing an engraved cross potent. 4.72 grams, 19.93mm overall, 16.19mm internal diameter (approximate size British K, USA 5¼, Europe 9.95, Japan 9) (¾"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s.

532

534

MEDIEVAL GOLD VIVAT REX ET LEX SERJEANT'S RING 16th century AD A gold flat-section band with circumferential inscription 'VIVAT REX ET LEX' : 'Long live the king and the law', punctuated by rosettes and a cross potent, bordered by two bands of vertical lines. 4.11 grams, 19.61mm overall, 17.05mm internal diameter (approximate size British M, USA 6, Europe 12.46, Japan 12) (¾"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire, UK, gentleman; acquired on the UK art market in the 1980s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.166366/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10227-166366.

533

Literature See Hinton, D.A., Gold and Gilt, Pots and Pins, Oxford, 2006, p.241, for discussion; see Oman, C.C., British Rings 800-1914, London, 1974, p.79-80, for discussion.

535

MEDIEVAL GOLD RING WITH GARNET GEMSTONE 13th-14th century AD A substantial gold finger ring comprising a D-section hoop with transverse collar to each shoulder and elliptical panel above with segmented and pointillé surface, niello detailing; the thick ellipsoid bezel with scalloped upper and lower edges to the rim, stepped lateral ledges with hatching; the bezel inset with a large cabochon garnet. 16.38 grams, 31.74mm overall, 22.39mm internal diameter (approximate size British T, USA 9½, Europe 21.26, Japan 20) (1¼"). Very fine condition; garnet repaired. A large wearable size. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190

534

Provenance Ex Belgian art market; formerly in the De Smet family collection since 1972; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.163809/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10228-163809. Literature Cf. de Ricci, S., Catalogue of a Collection of Ancient Rings formed by the Late E. Guilhou, Paris, 1912, item 1462, for similar Renaissance-period ring with large cabochon and collars to the shoulders.

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535

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536

MEDIEVAL GOLD RING WITH TABLE-CUT GARNET 13th-14th century AD

536

A substantial gold finger ring comprising a D-section hoop with transverse collar and hatched panel to each shoulder; the thick ellipsoid bezel with scalloped rim; the bezel inset with a large late Roman or early Byzantine table-cut garnet probably made in Constantinople. 11.55 grams, 26.17mm overall, 22.79mm internal diameter (approximate size British T, USA 9½, Europe 21.26, Japan 20) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance Ex Belgian art market; formerly in the De Smet family collection since 1972; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.163808/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10229-163808.

537

MEDIEVAL GOLD RING WITH CABOCHON 13th-14th century AD A gold finger ring comprising a lentoid-section hoop and pie-dish bezel, triangular in plan with inset glass cabochon. 7.83 grams, 30.50mm overall, 19.83mm internal diameter (approximate size British P, USA 7½, Europe 16.23, Japan 15) (1¼"). Fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,750 - 3,850 USD 3,240 - 4,540

537

Provenance Property of a European jewellery collector; formerly in a French collection, 1980s-1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.163891/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10230-163891. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, items 561, 562.

538

MEDIEVAL GOLD INSCRIBED RING BROOCH 14th-15th century AD A D-section gold hoop with recess for articulated, collared and tapering cylindrical pin; enigmatic legend to the reverse .‘ IO : VOILVIN.’ inlaid with niello(?) 1.12 grams, 12mm (½"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910 Provenance Property of an Essex gentleman; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in 2010; previous in an old continental collection formed before 1980.

538

Literature See Egan, G. & Pritchard, F., Dress Accessories 1150-1450, London, 2002, for similar.

539

MEDIEVAL SILVER SEAL RING WITH COCKEREL, STAR AND LEGEND 13th-15th century AD A silver seal ring comprising a D-section hoop expanding at the shoulders and enclosing a flat discoid bezel; a collar of decorative incised lines between shoulder and bezel; central incuse design featuring a cockerel and star enclosed by a circular border and a line of reversed and incuse text, worn, incorporating a cross pattée ‘+ .[ ]S . M [ ] . [ ] S’. 7.89 grams, 24.66mm overall, 19.61mm internal diameter (approximate size British T, USA 9½, Europe 21.26, Japan 20) (1"). Fine condition, usage wear. A large wearable size. £350 - 450 EUR 390 - 500 USD 450 - 580 Provenance Property of a Suffolk gentleman; previously in a 1980s UK collection.

539

192

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540

MEDIEVAL GOTHIC GILT STANDING CHRIST 13th-14th century AD A standing figure of Christ dressed in a sleeved long tunica talaris or dalmatica reaching to his feet, decorated at the wrists; the left hand once holding a Gospel, the right hand raised in the sign of his double divine and human nature; probably part of a Limoges-style single shrine, altar or casket; fastening hole at the centre of the breast; mounted on a custom-made stand; from Limoges, France. 138 grams total, 11cm including stand (4¼"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Luc de Backker, 2012; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10231-166506. Literature See Wixom, W.D., Treasures from Medieval France, Cleveland, 1967, pp.130133, for similar items; see also Rhein und Maas Kunst und Kultur, 800-1400, Cologne, 1972.

540

541

MEDIEVAL LIMOGES GILT CORPUS CHRISTI 12th-13th century AD A gilt bronze Corpus Christi wearing crown with central cross finial, head slumped to the left, arms outstretched, tunic around waist, legs and feet together; details to feet, hands, face and clothing; piercing to each hand and the feel for attachment; mounted on a custom-made stand. 213 grams total, 22cm including stand (8¾"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Property of a European gentleman living in London; from his grandfather’s collection by descent in 1989; formerly in the family collection since at least the 1970s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10232167000. Literature Cf. Hook and MacGregor, Medieval England, The Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 1997, p.42, for a later but comparable example of a Limoges crucifix.

542

MEDIEVAL GILT PLAQUES WITH EVANGELISTS HOLDING GOSPELS Serbia, 14th century AD

541

A pair of copper or brass gilt plaques with openwork representation of two nimbate Evangelists, holding a gospel with the left hand, the right hand raised for blessing and manifestation of the divine and human nature of God, appliques for a belt or a personal ornament, four fastening holes at the corners. 13.80 grams total, 61mm each (2½"). Fine condition. [2, No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market. Literature See Popovi, D., Riznica spasenja. Kult relikvija i srpskih svetih u srednjovekovnoj Srbiji /The Treasury of Salvation. The Cult of Relics and Serbian Saints in Medieval Serbia, Beograd, 2018. Footnotes The medieval Kingdom of Serbia was in its material culture strongly under the influence of Byzantium, but had also undergone cultural and artistic developments from western countries. The decoration, especially the technique of filigree and granulation, and the ornamental motifs and their composition, show some similarities both to the Byzantine and to the Western gold work of the 11th–13th century. The openwork decoration of these objects is similar to the foliage represented on one sarcophagus positioned against the south wall of the church of St Demetrius, in the Patriarchate of Pe, dated to the 14th century AD.

542

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193


543

543

MEDIEVAL SEAL SET WITH ROMAN INTAGLIO 12th-14th century AD and earlier

544

A medieval bronze octagonal cup-shaped seal or ring bezel set with an ancient Roman glass intaglio of a rabbit; attachment points for the hoop of a finger ring; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 1.1 grams, 11mm (½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From a private Mayfair, London, UK, collection, in the 1970s.

544

MEDIEVAL UNLISTED AACHEN-TYPE PILGRIM’S BADGE 14th-15th century AD A lead-alloy pilgrim badge comprising a pelletted ring with hatched triangular points and trefoils to the rim, seated Mary with infant Jesus below two angels supporting the ‘Tunica’; previously unrecorded type. 10.4 grams, 67mm (2½"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of an East Anglian gentleman; previously in a private collection formed before 2000. Literature See van Beuningen, H.J.E., Heilig en Profaan 2, 1200 Laatmiddeleeuwse insignes uit openbare en particuliere collecties, for discussion of the type.

545

MEDIEVAL ENGLISH GOLD ILLUMINATED LATIN BIBLE VELLUM LEAF 13th century AD 545 A vellum leaf from a Latin bible, each side with dense lettre bâtarde text in two columns of 44 lines; letters and Roman numerals highlighted in red and blue ink, decorative flourishes in the central margins on both sides; recto with a decorated initial ‘E’ executed in red, white, green and blue tempera and liquid gold with frame and perching bird (trimmed); recto with blue capitals ‘A’ and ‘Q’, verso with ‘L’ and ‘S’; drypoint page ruling visible; the text from Leviticus chapter 3. 2.77 grams, 19.5 x 14.5cm (7¾ x 5¾"). Fine condition, trimmed. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex North London gentleman; formerly in a private collection formed between 1990 and 2000.

546

MEDIEVAL ILLUMINATED LATIN BIBLE VELLUM LEAF Early 13th century AD A vellum leaf from a Latin bible, each side with dense lettre bâtarde text in two columns of 44 lines; black ink text with red and blue versals; one side with red and blue title ‘PET I’ (indicating the First Epistle of St. Peter the Apostle) and illuminated capital ‘S’ in red, blue, green and liquid gold with foliage detailing; marginalia additions, drypoint layout grid and lines. 1.05 grams, 16 x 11 (6¼ x 4¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 546

194

Provenance Ex Piasa, private UK collection; accompanied by a copy of part of the Piasa invoice dated 16 April 2007 and information sheet.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


547

547

MEDIEVAL HEBREW SCROLL 16th century AD A vellum leather scroll with five membranes of Hebrew block script in twenty-one lines to each membrane, in Sephardi square script, this is Book 4 onwards of the Book of Esther, read on the festival of Purim. 15.6 grams, 63cm (24¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Bloomsbury Book Auctions, 2009. Literature See Kohn, G., The Jewish Experience: A Guide to Manuscript Sources in the Library of Congress, Cincinnati: American Jewish Archives, 1986; Karp, A.J.,. From the Ends of the Earth: Judaic Treasures of the Library of Congress Washington: Library of Congress, 1991. Footnotes Jewish scrolls comprise a large number of parchment or leather sheets from the skin of a kosher animal, i.e. an animal permitted in Jewish law. The scriptural text was handwritten with a special ink in Hebrew, without vowels and accents, by a devout, qualified scribe. Once the writing had been completed, the parchment sheets or strips were sewn together to make a very long scroll. The ends of the scroll are affixed to and wound round two wooden rollers or staves.

548

548

MEDIEVAL FRENCH GLAZED FLOOR TILE SET 13th-14th century AD A group of four glazed ceramic floor tiles from Northern France, reset in more recent times: each tile displays a quarter of an overall design circular design comprising floral motifs punctuated by pelletted bands; set within a custom-made frame. 5 kg, 26.5 x 26.5cm (10½ x 10½"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the French art market.

549

MEDIEVAL PICCOLOMINI LIBRARY MAIOLICA TILE SET Circa 1502 AD A group of six maiolica armorial floor tiles from the Piccolomini Library, Sienna, in a custom-made hexagonal wooden frame. 3 kg, 36cm (14¼"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Christie’s South Kensington, 1 October 2013, lot 351.

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549

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550

550

BURGUNDIAN FLOOR TILE SET Early 16th century AD A group of six hexagonal ceramic relief tiles with heater shield and portrait bust motifs, Burgundian workmanship. 4.9 kg total, 15-16cm (6 - 6¼"). Fine condition. [6, No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with SVV Prunier, Louviers, France, 1 December 2013, lot 62.

551 551

MEDIEVAL MAIOLICA TILE PAIR Mid 15th-mid 16th century AD A group of two maiolica blue and white glazed ceramic square tiles comprising: one with bust facing left within a square border, hair dressed, wearing a Christian cross pendant at the neck; one with bust facing left, cropped wavy hair, floral design on garment, clusters of dots in the field. 825 grams total, 10 x 10cm each (4 x 4"). Fine condition. [2, No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market in 2002.

552

LARGE MEDIEVAL GLAZED STONEWARE ARMORIAL GOURD FLASK 16th century AD A large glazed stoneware flask with domed discoid body, inverted rim and collared conical neck flanked by six integral lugs; series of two concentric circumferential roundels enclosing four seal designs and four lions in high-relief; made in Germany in the 16th century using 14th century seal designs; the central design features a seated royal figure with legend; the surrounding four bare the same design of a knight holding sword and shield on horseback, with legend. 3.8 kg, 32.5cm (12¾"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Pascal Blouet, Paris, France, 2015.

552

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553

554

553

KING JAMES I’S PERSONAL HAWKING RING 1603-1625 AD A silver vervel or hawking ring used during falconry, comprising a flatsection hoop with legend in italic script ‘Kyng James’, and a waisted heater shield with quartered arms of the Stuart kings; the arms displayed are the royal arms used by the Stuarts (outside of Scotland) from the accession of James I to the British throne in 1603. 0.84 grams, 10.36mm (½"). Fine condition; edge of shield bent. An excessively rare ring, the personal possession of an important British monarch. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,410 - 6,610 USD 5,190 - 7,780 Provenance Found while searching with a metal detector near Angmering, West Sussex, UK, on 8 November 2016; declared under the treasure act under reference number 2017 T10, subsequently valued at £4,000-£4,500, but disclaimed as no museum was in a position to acquire it; accompanied by a copy of the treasure report for H M Coroner, the official provisional valuation, letters from the British Museum, and a copy of the Portable Antiquities report number SUSS-D17951; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10233167384. Footnotes James Charles Stuart was born 19th June 1566 and died 27th March 1625. He was King of Scotland, reigning as James VI from 24 July 1567. He later became King of England and Ireland, reigning as James I with the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death. Falconry was a popular sport of the nobility and gentry in the Tudor and Stuart periods, and there were strict rules concerning the social classes and the types of bird appropriate to each, documented in various books on hunting, hawking,

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fishing and heraldry. A hawking ring or vervel formed part of the equipment of a hunting bird, where it was attached to the jesses around the bird’s feet. It probably allowed a sturdy leather leash to be connected to the jesses and the block or perch. Many known examples are made in silver, usually with the owner’s name or initials engraved on the hoop. Rare examples feature an attached heraldic shield, as in the present case, which demonstrate clearly the aristocratic status of the owner. The Boke of St. Albans, printed in 1486, offers a seriation of bird-types appropriate to the various social classes, e.g. Ther is a Gerfawken. A Tercell of a gerfawken. And theys belong to a Kyng..... Ther is a Spare Hawke, and he is an hawke for a prest. (There is a gyrfalcon. A tercel [male] of a gyrfalcon. And these belong to a King..... There is a sparrowhawk and he is a hawk for a priest.)

554

ELIZABETHAN GOLD RING WITH ROMAN GEMSTONE FOR E*P 16th-early 17th century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop and expanding, shield-shaped shoulders engraved with two ears of barley between three bands of pellets, supporting an ellipsoidal bezel set with cut and polished carnelian gemstone with Roman-period intaglio Sol(?) deity with crown; reverse of the bezel inscribed ‘E*P’. 5.80 grams, 21.09mm overall, 18.34mm internal diameter (approximate size British L, USA 5¾, Europe 11.24, Japan 10) (¾"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire, UK, gentleman; acquired on the UK art market in the 1980s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.166365/7/10/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10234-166365.

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557

556

558

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557

RENAISSANCE GOLD RING WITH TOADSTONE

JACOBEAN PERIOD GOLD RING WITH NIELLO FOLIATE SCROLLS AND HERALDIC MOTIF

15th-16th century AD

17th century AD A gold finger ring with cup bezel and low-relief meander pattern, inset ‘toadstone’ cabochon. 13 grams, 32.18mm overall, 23.04mm internal diameter (approximate size British V, USA 10½, Europe 23.77, Japan 22) (1¼"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance Property of a European jewellery collector; formerly in a French collection, 1980s-1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.163892/7/10/2020. Footnotes A ‘toadstone’ was a legendary mineral (bufonite) recovered from the head of a toad, which possessed marvellous powers as an antidote to poisons and in the treatment of epilepsy. Many examples appear to be polished fragments of fossilised teeth or other minerals.

556

CAROLEAN GOLD GEM-SET RING WITH ENAMEL 17th century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop expanding towards the shoulder, square calyx bezel holding table-cut and polished facetted rock crystal gemstone; hoop decorated at each shoulder with a raised median line flanked by diagonal ribs and a stylised six-pointed star, the bezel with concentric chevrons on the two principal faces, all filled with black enamel. 2.62 grams, 22.88mm overall, 16.48mm internal diameter (approximate size British L, USA 5¾, Europe 11.24, Japan 10) (¾"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance Property of an Essex gentleman; formerly in an old English jewellery collection; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.166456/7/10/2020. Literature See Scarisbrick, D., Rings, Jewelry of Power, Love and Loyalty, Thames & Hudson, 2013, p.312, for a comparable example dated c.1610 with an important rose-cut diamond.

198

A gold ring with round-section hoop expanding at the shoulders to an oval-shaped bezel set with ‘milky’ glass presenting a stylised flower within an heraldic shield; circumferential band to the bezel rim; the shoulders are engraved with foliate scrolls, which continue around and beneath the bezel and which are inlaid with niello. 2.38 grams, 21.97mm overall, 17.96mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (¾"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From a Dutch collection, 1960s-1980s. Literature See Chadour, A.B., Rings: The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, Volume I, Leeds, 1994, for comparable examples, especially for close parallels to the foliate design on the shoulders and bezel.

558

GEORGIAN NEO-CLASSICAL GOLD RING WITH PORTRAIT GEMSTONE 18th century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop, expanding at the shoulders to an ovoid bezel, set with a cut and polished carnelian gemstone with intaglio image of a male bust facing left, wearing a laurel wreath and drapery, possibly representing a Roman emperor. 5.44 grams, 20.20mm overall, 16.67mm internal diameter (approximate size British J½, USA 5, Europe 9.32, Japan 9) (¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Found by Duncan Wappett whilst searching with a metal detector near Appleby, Westmorland, Cumbria, UK, on the 14th of May 2020; declared under the Treasure Act and returned although recorded with the Portable Antiquities Scheme. Published See Treasure Hunting Magazine, A Stunning Gold Ring, September 2020, p.8; accompanied by a copy of the magazine article.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


559

CHRISTIAN GOLD MARRIAGE RING 17th-18th century AD An unusual gold ring with tubular hoop featuring two raised ribs between three bands of beading; calyx-shaped bezel decorated with flutes and pellets; discoid face enclosing a raised figural marriage scene composed of male and female facing bust pair, Christian cross between above, trefoil below. 8.42 grams, 29.73mm overall, 19.03mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q, USA 8, Europe 17.49, Japan 16) (1¼"). Fine condition. A large wearable size. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,300 - 4,410 USD 3,890 - 5,190 Provenance Property of a Suffolk gentleman; previously in a 1980s UK collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10235-163870.

559

Literature See Entwhistle, C., and Adams, N., Intelligible Beauty, Recent Research on Byzantine Jewellery, The British Museum, London, 2010, for comparable examples and discussion; see Ross M.C., Catalogue of the Byzantine and Early Mediaeval Antiquities in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection, Washington, 2005, for discussion of Byzantine marriage rings.

560

GOLD ‘FAITHFULL IS MY AFECTISION’ POSY RING 17th century AD A D-section gold finger ring with italic script inscription to the inner face ‘Faithfull is my Afectision’ and maker’s mark ‘HR’. 3.49 grams, 19.56mm overall, 17.09mm internal diameter (approximate size British N, USA 6½, Europe 13.72, Japan 13) (¾"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance Found whilst searching with a metal detector in Essex and declared under the Treasure Act in 2017; accompanied by a copy of the PAS report number ESS6B83B5.

560

Published Published on the Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) under record number ESS-6B83B5, and disclaimed under the Treasure Act under treasure case number 2017T1092. Footnotes The ghost word ‘afectision’ appears to be a misspelling of ‘affection’.

561

JACOBEAN SILVER MEMENTO MORI RING WITH SKULL ON BOOK 17th century AD A substantial silver finger ring with flat-section hoop, pillow-shaped bezel with incised motif comprising a skull resting on an open book with crossed long-bones above and hourglass(?) beside; the hoop with a hand holding a shroud(?) to each shoulder, inscribed in capitals nemo ante mortem beatus (nobody [is] blessed before his death). 16.51 grams, 25.43mm overall, 17.78mm internal diameter (approximate size British O½, USA 7¼, Europe 15.61, Japan 15) (1"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 550 - 770 USD 650 - 910

561

Provenance From a private Buckinghamshire, UK, collection; acquired in the 1990s.

562

GEORGIAN GILT SILVER MEMENTO MORI RING WITH SKULL CAMEO 18th century AD A gilt silver memento mori ring with a D-section hoop, expanding at the shoulders to an irregular hexagonal bezel with scooped sides; two ‘tear’-shaped ridges at each shoulder; circular setting holding a red agate cameo with white skull; incised border to the perimeter of the bezel and a letter ‘M’ on each side. 8.50 grams, 26.11mm overall, 19.41mm internal diameter (approximate size British T, USA 9½, Europe 21.26, Japan 20) (1"). Very fine condition. £250 - 350 EUR 280 - 390 USD 320 - 450 Provenance Property of a Buckinghamshire, UK, gentleman; previously in an old jewellery collection.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

562

199


563

POST BYZANTINE GILT SILVER PLAQUE WITH SAINT 16th-17th century AD

563

A silver-gilt plaque for icon with Saint Gregory the Great standing, dressed with a long priestly robe (sakkos) and a liturgical stole (Omophorion) draped around the body, holding in his hand the Holy Gospel, beside him gilt Greek letters A(IO) PH(OPIO); mounted on a custom-made stand.. 40 grams total, 96mm including stand (3¾"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Rupert Wace, London, 2010. Literature See Popescu, G.A., Cristiani d’Oriente, spiritualità, arte e potere nell’Europa Post-Bizantina, Milano, 1999, s. cat.101, for similar plaques.

564

VERY LARGE SPANISH CORPUS CHRISTI Early 17th century AD A gilt-bronze Corpus Christi figure in classic pose with arms extended; the head held erect with hair falling to the shoulders, short facial hair, left hand clenched and right hand with forefingers extended in the ‘pax’ gesture, draped loincloth with elaborate knotted closure at the hip; Spanish workmanship in southern Italy; mounted on a custommade stand. 3.2 kg total, 68.5cm including stand (27"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a European gentleman living in London; from his grandfather’s collection by descent in 1989; formerly in the family collection since at least the 1970s; accompanied by an expertise by Franchi Paolo.

565

LARGE GEORGIAN SAINT GEORGE SLAYING DRAGON HERALDIC LIMESTONE RELIEF 18th century AD 564 An octagonal limestone panel with two heraldic shields at the base and dragon-slaying scene above; the shields each with a lateral notch to accept a tilting lance, the left one with three vertical flames issuing from arcs and the right one with a quartered design of an advancing cockerel and two arched trefoils; the scene depicting a landscape with trees and sun above, a hill to the left with castle and kneeling robed female praying and a discarded lance in the field below, hill to the right with city wall, gates with bridges across a moat, faces at the upper storey windows, central figure in armour with sword brandished in the right hand, on a horse with forelegs raised trampling a winged dragon with head raised, tip of the lance piercing its chest. 38.5 kg, 63.5cm (25"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Private collection, USA. Footnotes The style of armour is 15th century, worn without a helmet.

565

200

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


566

ETHIOPIAN PORTABLE ICON 18th century AD A two panel wooden portable camp painted icon, representing six scenes of life of Christ and Saints, divided on three levels: the top level is representing the Resurrection of Christ (top left, Jesus Christ rising from death, standard cross in the left hand, Adam and Eve on his right and left), the Crucifixion (top right, Jesus on the Cross in the middle, Saint Mary and Saint John on sides); the middle level representing Saint Gorgis (Saint George) killing the Dragon and Saint Fasiledes; the third level Saint Tewedros (Theodore) killing the enemy of Faith and Saint Geladios, all four saints on horseback. 464 grams total, 32.7-33cm (13"). Fine condition. [2, No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

566

Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly in a private collection, New York, USA, 1999. Literature See Jager, O. and Deininger-Englhart. L., ‘Some notes on illuminations of manuscripts in Ethiopia’ in Rassegna di Studi Etiopici, Vol. 17, 1961, pp.4560; The British Library, The Christian Orient, London, 1978, for similar style of icons; Aregay, M.W., ‘Military Elites in Medieval Ethiopia’ in Journal of Ethiopian Studies, Vol. 30, No.1, June 1997, pp.31-73. Footnotes As at the time of the Christian Roman Empire, the Ethiopian Emperor went to war with priests and religious symbols of the Orthodox Faith, like this camp icon for personal prayer or for blessing of the army before the battle. The military character of this icon is underlined by the presence of the four principal military Saints of the Orthodox world, Gorgis, Demetrios, Fasiledes and Thewdros, all in the dress of 17th-18th century army élite.

567

ITALIAN ILLUMINATED VELLUM MANUSCRIPT PAGE

567

17th-18th century AD A rectangular vellum leaf with drypoint ruling to the one decorated side, six illuminated initials - three with scenes from the life of Christ i.e. nativity, entrance to a city riding on a donkey, crucifixion on Golgotha; three with indoor scenes of venerating a relic; musical notation on a four-line stave and texts ‘qua morte esset’ (as if it were death) and ‘Sicut’ (such, as). 29 grams, 36 x 25cm (14 x 9¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of an East Anglia gentleman; acquired on the UK art market. Footnotes The phrase qua mort esset appears in the choral work Feria II sexte hebdomade quadragesime written in 1760 by Jacques de Voragine.

568

ETHIOPIAN VELLUM PRAYER SCROLL 19th century AD or earlier

568

A narrow vellum scroll with black ink text written dextrograde; illuminated panel at the beginning with bearded warrior holding a spear and sword in a rectangular frame; second panel depicting a mounted warrior on a rearing horse thrusting his lance at a fallen (female?) figure. 53 grams, 2.5m (98½"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110 Provenance From an important London W1, gallery; previously acquired 1970s.

569

IRIDESCENT ONION WINE BOTTLE 17th century AD A dark green bell-shaped glass ‘onion’ bottle with high kick-up base and tapering neck, iridescent surface, flange to the rim with trail below. 725 grams, 18cm (7"). Very fine condition, with superb iridescence. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

569

201


Ethnographic Also see lots 2336 - 2360 202

Lots 570 - 584


570

GUANACASTE-NICOYA TRIPOD ALLIGATOR VESSEL 1250-1520 AD A large burnished brown piriform ceramic pot; everted rim with flat top incised with geometric motifs between borders; shoulder featuring band of incised decoration around the circumference with geometric motifs between concentric borders; three stylised alligator motifs extend from the shoulder down the body of the vessel, aligned with each of the pot’s three feet; the vessel’s decorative elements are highlighted by whitish pigments rubbed into its incised designs; the pot rests on three conical feet that served as rattles, and is possibly associated with a rain spell. 2.8 kg, 28cm wide (11"). Very fine condition, minor restoration to rim. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780

570

Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; formerly with Gorny & Mosch, Munich, sale 252, December 2017, lot 642; from the old Waldner collection, South Germany; acquired in 1958; accompanied by copies of the relevant Gorny & Mosch catalogue pages, and a expertise by Anton Schnell, IHK Munich, in German, dated 7 June 2010, along with a handwritten translation in English. Literature Cf. Sackler, M., Art of Costa Rica, Washington, 1986, p.199, for a similar example. Published See Gorny and Mosch, Auktion 252 Kunst Der Antike,13th December 2017, item 342.

571

LAMBAYEQUE LOAD CARRIER FIGURE VESSEL 750-1400 AD A black pottery vessel formed as a crouching human figure, head and face directed towards the ground, heavily laden with a sack of fruit; the weight of the sack is eased by a strap which passes around the forehead of the carrier, just above the earrings; incised detailing to the sack, clothes, hair and face; the funicular vessel rim emerges from the head; base formed as the figure’s legs and feet; Lambayeque culture, Peru. 563 grams, 19cm (7½"). Fine condition, slight damage to the rim of the spout at the top. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520

571

Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; ex Westermann collection, Germany, 1960s; accompanied by a thermoluminescence report from Laboratory Ralf Kotalla, number 419304, dated 5 May 1993.

572

PRE-COLUMBIAN NAYARIT WARRIOR FIGURE 200 BC-300 AD A hollow-formed terracotta warrior in aggressive stance, the male figure wears chest armour incised with hatched lozengiform detailing, holds a club menacingly in both hands, and wears jewellery in the nose and ears; he is nude from the waist down, and modelled in reddish clay with surviving painted dark red, cream and grey pigmentation. 560 grams, 21cm (8¼"). Fine condition; upper part of the headgear and the end of the club missing, otherwise only superficial cracks. £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; previously from a German collection before 1985; accompanied by a thermoluminescence report from Laboratory Kotalla, number 03R120218, dated 28 February 2018 and the original German export licence.

572

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

203


573

MOCHE JEWELLED EAR SPOOLS WITH WARRIORS 2nd-6th century AD A matched pair of discoid-shaped wooden ear spools, each with a circumferential band of wooden beads and depicting a warrior figure using spondylus, turquoise, sodalite, shell and stone inlay; integral cylindrical stems to the reverse with inlaid bands of spondylus towards the tops; Lambayeque Valley, circa 200-500 AD. 53 grams total, 77mm each (3"). Fine condition. [2] £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 573

Provenance From the private collection of Mr Michael J. Vaupel, Miami, USA; acquired from Gloria Lisset Reyes Garcia, Florida, USA; ex private American collection, circa 1960s; previously in the collection of Mr Razeto; acquired in the 1950s-1960s; formerly acquired before 1950. Literature See Ji, M., How To Wear Body Ornaments from the Ancient Americas, in MetKids Blog, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2018; cf. Newton, D. et al., The Pacific Islands, Africa, and the Americas, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1987, for discussion; cf. Pillsbury, J. et al., Golden Kingdoms: Luxury Arts in the Ancient Americas, Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, 2017, for discussion.

574

MOCHE-SICAN GILDED EAR SPOOLS WITH WARRIORS 2nd-6th century AD

574

A pair of gilded copper-alloy ear spools, each with gold surface and red-brown cinnabar colouration; the spools are discoid with raised bands and a capped and pierced central cylindrical neck to the reverse; the discs present almost identical scenes of a standing warrior wearing a headdress and holding a club and shield; Lambayeque Valley, circa 200-500 AD. 173 grams total, 10.7cm each (4¼"). Fine condition. [2] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,100 - 1,540 USD 1,300 - 1,820 Provenance From the private collection of Mr Michael J. Vaupel, Miami, USA; acquired from Gloria Lisset Reyes Garcia, Florida, USA; ex private American collection, circa 1960s; previously in the collection of Mr Razeto; acquired in the 1950s-1960s; formerly acquired before 1950. Literature See Pillsbury, J. et al., Golden Kingdoms: Luxury Arts in the Ancient Americas, Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, 2017, no.21; cf. Jones, J., and Heidi, K., Gold of the Americas, The Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art vol, 59, no.4, Spring 2002, p.16. Published Exhibited BAAF, Brussels, Belgium, 2015-2016.

575

MOCHE-SICAN BREAST PLATE ORNAMENT WITH NYLAMP 2nd-6th century AD A repoussé breast plate ornament representing a bare-footed deity wearing a headdress, holding a staff in each hand with finial formed as birds with fish suspended from beaks; geometric and abstract motifs depicting a ‘skirt’; shell inlay in earrings, to neck ornamentation and to staffs; three domed discs suspended from headdress; pierced lugs placed at various points for attachment; formed from a thick plate or sheet of gold alloy; found between Chiclayo and Trujillo, probably Cayalti or Chepen, Lambayeque, circa 200-500 AD. 65 grams, 23cm (9"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210 Provenance From the private collection of Mr Michael J. Vaupel, Miami, USA; acquired from Gloria Lisset Reyes Garcia, Florida, USA; ex private American collection, circa 1960s; previously in the collection of Mr Razeto; acquired in the 1950s-1960s; formerly acquired before 1950.

575

204

Literature See Newton, D. et al., The Pacific Islands, Africa, and the Americas, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1987; see Pillsbury, J. et al., Golden Kingdoms: Luxury Arts in the Ancient Americas, Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, 2017, no.21; see Jones, J. and Heidi, K., Gold of the Americas, The Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art vol, 59, no.4, Spring 2002.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


576

TAIRONA ANTHROPOMORPHIC PECTORAL PENDANT 9th-15th century AD A figure formed of tumbaga, using lost-wax casting technique; the richly ornamented figure is thought to represent a standing naked alligator-headed shaman or deity wearing a helmet surmounted by two toucans; the figure holds a ceremonial bar with scrolled terminals and wears elaborate facial ornamentation including narigueras at the nose and a labret at the chin, discoid earrings, arm bands and a broad necklace, loops for suspension of dangles at various points including the reverse; the enormous headdress behind comprises stylised birds’ beaks and herringbone tendrils, spirals and beads; Tairona, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta region, Columbia, circa 9001400 AD; mounted on a custom-made stand. 68 grams total, 94mm (3¾"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance From the collection of Jose Carlos Sempiterno Ribeiro, Lisbon, Portugal; acquired at an Antiques Fair in Madrid Spain in 2012; ex Spanish archaeologist; believed to have been acquired in Mexico, circa 1950s-1960s.

576

Literature See The Jan Mitchell Collection, The Art of Precolumbian Gold, 1985, for a close comparison.

577

SICAN-LAMBAYEQUE LIFE-SIZE FUNERARY MASK Middle Sicán Period, 8th-14th century AD A gilded life-size repoussé funerary mask, crescentic in plan with tearshaped eyes, raised nose made separately with dangles beneath which cover a thin mouth, anthropomorphic figures on upper ears representing helmetted warriors; discoid ear plugs; raised beads to the chin and ears; embossed patterns to the face; a number of piercings to the eyes which suggest they once held attachments or other decoration such as feathers, shells or jewels; red-brown patina; Sicán Lambayeque culture, circa 750-1375 AD. 69 grams, 26cm (10¼"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance From the private collection of Mr Michael J. Vaupel, Miami, USA; acquired from Gloria Lisset Reyes Garcia, Florida, USA; ex private American collection, circa 1960s; previously in the collection of Mr Razeto; acquired in the 1950s-1960s; formerly acquired before 1950; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10236-167180. Literature See Newton, D. et al., The Pacific Islands, Africa, and the Americas, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1987; see Pillsbury, J. et al., Golden Kingdoms: Luxury Arts in the Ancient Americas, Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, 2017, no.21.

577

578

MOCHE ROYAL CROWN Transition Period, 2nd-12th century AD An intact copper repoussé crown or headdress with broad band and arched central panel depicting a warrior figure, or Nylamp, wearing a headpiece decorated with geometric motifs; the warrior has wide, lentoid eyes, an open mouth, round chin and wears ear spools and neck ornamentation; the band comprises a series of six panels featuring geometric openwork in the form of x’s with stepped arms; brown-green patina; Lambayeque Valley, circa 200-1100 AD. 229 grams, 21cm (8¼"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,650 - 2,200 USD 1,950 - 2,590 Provenance From a private Belgium collection, formed in the 1990s; ex diplomat M.I. Polak collection; acquired in the 1960s-1990s; previously in a private European collection, acquired 1950s-1960s; thence by decent; formerly in a Spanish collection, acquired before 1950s. Literature See Newton, D. et al., The Pacific Islands, Africa, and the Americas, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1987, for discussion; see Pillsbury, J. et al., Golden Kingdoms: Luxury Arts in the Ancient Americas, Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, 2017, for discussion.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

578

205


579

579

580

MOCHE FUNERARY MASK WITH OWL EAR SPOOLS

MOCHE SICAN LAMBAYEQUE ROYAL PECTORAL

2nd-6th century AD

Transition Period, 2nd-12th century AD

An important copper funerary mask representing a Moche dignitary; he wears a stylised octopus headdress with a central owl-head in high-relief, ornamental collar around his neck, discoid ear spools with owl-head bosses in high-relief; hammer and repoussé technique; light green-black patina; Lambayeque Valley, circa 200-500 AD. 176 grams, 19.5cm (7¾"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 1,980 - 2,640 USD 2,330 - 3,110

A large repoussé copper pectoral depicting the face of a warrior Nylamp; at the top animal figures flank a discoid-shaped head with headdress and discoid dangles; below is a human head with large headdress decorated in geometric motifs, a series of dangles below; brown patina; Lambayeque Valley, circa 200-1100 AD. 267 grams, 39.5cm (15½"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210

Provenance Ex Martin Schloderer, Mechtersheim, Germany; previously in the collection of T.J. Die, Texas, USA; acquired from a Texas based dealer in 2007; previously in a USA private collection; formerly acquired in the 1950s.

Provenance From a private Belgium collection, formed in the 1990s; ex diplomat M.I. Polak collection; acquired in the 1960s-1990s; previously in a private European collection, acquired 1950s-1960s; thence by decent; formerly in a Spanish collection, acquired before 1950s.

Literature See Newton, D. et al., The Pacific Islands, Africa, and the Americas, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1987; cf. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Moche mask, accession No. 1979.206.1279, for similar example. Footnotes Funerary masks like this one were only worn by high status individuals such as kings and religious figures. Moche was a powerful and influential state. Repoussé is a metalworking technique in which a malleable metal is shaped and decorated by hammering from the reverse side to create a raised design on the front. No metal is lost in the process, although the process is relatively slow, with the end result being one continuous surface of sheet metal of essentially uniform thickness. Any direct contact with the tools used in the process usually remains visible.

206

580

Literature See Newton, D. et al., The Pacific Islands, Africa, and the Americas, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1987; see Pillsbury, J. et al., Golden Kingdoms: Luxury Arts in the Ancient Americas, Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, 2017. Footnotes Archaeological investigations have demonstrated that Moche-Sicán cities were governed by warrior-priests, while depictions of rulers on pottery have revealed that these rulers wore pectorals like the example here. The ornate pectoral for a high-ranking noble or priest was sewn onto clothing, used to convey the wealth and power of their owners and separating them from artisans, farmers and herders, whose labour underpinned their rule. Only kings and religious figures of high status wore such adornments. Pre-Columbian artisans excelled in metalwork. The Moche was a powerful ancient state on the north coast of present-day Peru.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


581

TEOTIHUACÁN ALABASTER MASKETTE Classic Period, 5th-7th century AD A carved alabaster mask depicting a naturalistic human face, probably a dignitary or ruler with almond-shaped eyes, open mouth with thin lips, long ears with drilled lobes, broad nose with drilled nostrils; nicely worn from years of handling; natural cracks, inclusions and ancient deposits; two drilled holes on the reverse. 200 grams, 10cm (4"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,320 - 1,870 USD 1,560 - 2,210 Provenance From the private collection of Mrs Maureen Ogle, Coarsegold, California, USA; acquired from a geologist, circa 2008; previously in a west coast collection, since the 1980s; ex Los Angeles collection, acquired in the 1970s-1980s, thence by descent; believed to have been acquired in Mexico, circa 1950s1960s. Literature See Berrin, K. and Pasztory, E., Teotihuacán: Art from the City of Gods, London and New York, Thames and Hudson, 1993; see Matos Moctezuma, E., Teotihuacán, New York, Rizzoli International, 1990.

581

Footnotes The mask would have been created using hand tools; weathering and handling have eroded most of the original tool marks; no signs of modern tool marks or applied patina were found when the item was examined under a microscope. It is smaller than life-size and was probably originally intended for use in a burial ritual; the drilled holes on the reverse indicate that the mask could have been worn as a necklace or in ritual contexts.

582

NORTH AMERICAN INUIT STONE COOKING VESSEL 19th century AD A carved cooking bowl of diabase, with thin sidewall, vertical striations, two lateral ledge handles. 4.6 kg, 23cm (9"). Fine condition, small hole above base. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance Property of an East Anglia gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; previously from an old collection of a Welsh farmer.

583

BENIN BRONZE VESSEL WITH FIGURES

582

Late 19th century AD or earlier A bronze vessel with waisted profile, rounded underside, three legs each with human foot and ankle-cuff, two lateral drop handles, hinged lid; the body with circumferential bands of reserved guilloche, knotwork, meander and other ornament on pointillé field, raised knot motifs; two addorsed figures of standing apes with fur detailing holding a fruit to the mouth; domed lid with similar ornament surmounted by a crouching leopard with legs extended and fangs bared. 10.4 kg, 58cm (23"). Fine condition; cracked, one leg damaged. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance Property of a Surrey professional since before 1960, from his family collection by descent; received as a royal gift by his grandfather during one of his official trips to Benin in the late 19th century; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10237-167748.

584

WEST AFRICAN STANDING WOODEN FIGURE 19th-20th century AD A carved wooden figure of a standing nude male with crested hairstyle, hands on the hips, socket to the chest. 3.4 kg, 83cm (32¾"). Fair condition, split. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance From the collection of an American lady living in London; acquired before 2000.

583

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

584

207


Natural History Also see lots 6000 - 6270 208

Lots 585 - 600 For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


585

FOSSIL SINOHYDROSAURUS Late Jurassic Period, 140 million years BP A Sinohydrosaurus lingyuanensis fossil in a matrix; mounted in a custom-made display frame. 4.3 kg, 67 x 40cm (26½ x 15¾"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890

585

Provenance From an old Bristol paleontological collection; from Lingyuan, Liaoning Province, north-east China.

586

FOSSIL KEICHOUSAURUS Triassic Period, 250 million years BP A complete Keichousaurus hui fossil in a matrix. 2.3 kg, 29cm (11½"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 880 - 1,100 USD 1,040 - 1,300 Provenance From an old Bristol paleontological collection; acquired 1950s-1960s; from Xingyi, Guizhou, China. Footnotes Keichousaurus was a late-Triassic marine reptile, and a member of the Pleurosaur family, and went extinct 250 million years ago during the TriassicJurassic extinction event. They were specialised fish eaters, and were highly unusual amongst marine reptiles in that they gave birth to live young rather than laying eggs.

586

587

BRITISH JURASSIC COAST FOSSIL ICHTHYOSAUR HEAD Lower Jurassic Period, 199-175 million years BP A sedimentary Lias matrix containing the major portion of the fossil skull of an Ichthyosaur sp. specimen; the skull expertly developed from the matrix and preserving the delicate eye ring together with teeth and part of the lower jaw. 3.4 kg, 21cm (8¼"). Very fine condition. An exceptional specimen. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance Property of a Surrey lady; previously in the private collection of Patrick Phillips, Weybridge, Surrey, UK; the collection formed since the early 1970s; thence by descent 2019; from the Blue Lias of the Jurassic Coast, Dorset, UK. Footnotes Ichthyosaurs (from the Greek, meaning ‘fish lizard’) are extinct marine reptiles which resembled modern dolphins in appearance; the first complete UK specimen was found by the famous fossil hunter Mary Anning (1799-1847) at just 12 years of age, with her brother Joseph; this fossil is now in the Natural History Museum, London.

587

588

DIPLOMYSTUS FOSSIL FISH Eocene Period, 56-33 million years BP A large Diplomystus sp. fossil fish in a matrix. 2.5 kg, 44cm (17¼"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance From the Pradi collection, Boston, USA; acquired during the 1980s; from Wyoming, Green River Formation, USA.

588

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

209


589

FOSSIL HADROSAUR DINOSAUR EGG Late Cretaceous Period, 100-66 million years BP A large Charonosaurus sp. hadrosaur egg on matrix retaining evidence of the original leathery surface. 3.7 kg, 15cm (6"). Fine condition. £250 - 350 EUR 280 - 390 USD 320 - 450 Provenance Property of an East Sussex gentleman; from his private collection formed between 1983 and 1990; formerly in a South East London collection formed in the 1970s.

589

Footnotes Dinosaur eggs are known from about 200 sites around the world, the majority in Asia and mostly in terrestrial (non-marine) rocks of Cretaceous Age. It may be that thick calcite eggshells evolved during the Cretaceous (145 to 65 million years ago). Most dinosaur eggs have one of two forms of eggshell that are distinct from the shells of related modern animal groups, such as turtles or birds; however, some eggs closely resemble the type of shells seen in present day ostrich eggs.

590

FOSSIL HADROSAUR DINOSAUR EGG Late Cretaceous Period, 100-66 million years BP A large Charonosaurus sp. hadrosaur egg on matrix retaining evidence of the original leathery surface. 3.3 kg, 13.5cm (5¼"). Fine condition. £250 - 350 EUR 280 - 390 USD 320 - 450 Provenance Property of an East Sussex gentleman; from his private collection formed between 1983 and 1990; formerly in a South East London collection formed in the 1970s. Footnotes Dinosaur eggs are known from about 200 sites around the world, the majority in Asia and mostly in terrestrial (non-marine) rocks of Cretaceous Age. It may be that thick calcite eggshells evolved during the Cretaceous (145 to 65 million years ago). Most dinosaur eggs have one of two forms of eggshell that are distinct from the shells of related modern animal groups, such as turtles or birds; however, some eggs closely resemble the type of shells seen in present day ostrich eggs.

590

591

FOSSIL HADROSAUR DINOSAUR EGG Late Cretaceous Period, 100-66 million years BP A large Charonosaurus sp. hadrosaur egg on matrix retaining evidence of the original leathery surface. 3.8 kg, 18.5cm (7¼"). Fine condition. £250 - 350 EUR 280 - 390 USD 320 - 450 Provenance Property of an East Sussex gentleman; from his private collection formed between 1983 and 1990; formerly in a South East London collection formed in the 1970s. Footnotes Dinosaur eggs are known from about 200 sites around the world, the majority in Asia and mostly in terrestrial (non-marine) rocks of Cretaceous Age. It may be that thick calcite eggshells evolved during the Cretaceous (145 to 65 million years ago). Most dinosaur eggs have one of two forms of eggshell that are distinct from the shells of related modern animal groups, such as turtles or birds; however, some eggs closely resemble the type of shells seen in present day ostrich eggs.

591

210

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


592

592

MAMMOTH LOWER JAW WITH TEETH Pleistocene Era, 50,000-30,000 BP A superbly preserved full adolescent woolly mammoth lower jaw from northern Europe; the jaw with the two complete molar teeth in situ, showing moderate use in life to biting surfaces; mounted on a custommade display stand. 31.8 kg total including stand, jaw 48cm wide (19"). Very fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,750 - 3,850 USD 3,240 - 4,540 Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire gentleman since 1990; previously in a private collection formed in the 1980s. Literature See Guide to the Elephants (Recent and Fossil) in the British Museum (Natural History), BM, 1922, pp.35-47, for discussion.

593

ICE AGE HORSE SKULL Pleistocene Era, 40,000-20,000 BP A near complete skull of an early horse Equus sp. showing entire brain pan and eye orbits together with near complete molar dentition; lacking only to frontal sinus region and front teeth; with old ‘F-194’ collector inventory label. 2.6 kg, 45cm (17¾"). Fine condition. Very rare to find such a complete example. £900 - 1,200 EUR 990 - 1,320 USD 1,170 - 1,560 Provenance From a private European palaeontological collection; formerly in a Spanish collection; previously from a collection formed in Arizona, USA. Literature See Schmid, E., Atlas of Animal Bones, Elsevier, 1972, pp.72 and 83.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

593

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594

BABY MAMMOTH SKULL WITH TUSKS Pleistocene Era, 100,000-40,000 BP A spectacular and near complete skull of a juvenile woolly mammoth E. primigenius with full dentition including the near worn out first milk teeth at front and the first emerging molars at rear to the upper jaw and tusks in situ; lacking only the very fragile sinuses and a portion of the associated brain pan which reveals the internal skull structures to full view including visible traces of blood vessels and muscle attachments. 2.3 kg, 45cm (17¾"). Fine condition. Excessively rare. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,010 - 15,420 USD 12,970 - 18,160 Provenance From a private European palaeontological collection; formerly in a Spanish collection; previously from a collection formed in Arizona, USA; accompanied by a copy of a Spanish import document dated 7 June 2011. Literature See Adams, A. L., Monograph on the British Fossil Elephants, Palaeontographical Society, 1887-1881, for much information; see also Woodward, A. Smith, Guide to the Elephants (Recent and Fossil), British Museum, 1922.

595

SIBERIAN CARVED FOSSIL MAMMOTH TUSK CHESS SET 21st century AD

594

A character chess set with pieces carved from the fossilised tusks of woolly mammoths E. primigenius of the Pleistocene Era (8000050000 BP) the ‘white’ pieces depicting eagles (pawns), standing figures (king, queen and bishops), bears (knights) and teepee u tents (rooks, one with slight damage), all set on pale stained wood disc bases; the ‘black’ pieces depicting eagles (pawns), grotesque figures (king, queen and bishops), bears (knights) and owls (rooks), all set on dark stained disc bases; the set contained in a hinged wood velvetlined case with marquetry playing board to lid. 4.7 kg, board: 44 x 44cm (17¼ x 17¼"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance From a private European palaeontological collection; formerly in a Spanish collection; previously from a collection formed in Arizona, USA; accompanied by a copy of a Spanish import document dated 7 June 2011.

596

LARGE SERICHO CUT AND POLISHED METEORITE A substantial sample of meteorite from Habaswein, Kenya, officially called the Sericho meteorite; showing numerous olivine inclusions in a base of nickle-iron, or kamacite; one cut and polished face; mounted on a custom-made stand. 4 kg total, 26cm including stand (10¼"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,200 - 3,300 USD 2,590 - 3,890 Provenance Property of a South East London gentleman; acquired on the European meteorite market; accompanied by a certificate of verification from ExpoMeteorites, Madrid, Spain. Footnotes In 2016, two brothers were searching for their camels and came across several large, dense stones west of the village of Habaswein and south of Sericho, Kenya. There are no rocks in this area, so they decided they were meteorites. Though recognized as pallasite meteorites in 2016, the masses had been known to camel-herders for decades. To date, more than 2800 kg has been found.

595

212

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


596

597

597

SERICHO CUT AND POLISHED METEORITE SLICE Found 2016 AD A cut and polished section of Sericho meteorite, showing the rounded, mainly orange olivine crystals. 420 grams, 16.5cm (6½"). Very fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 770 - 990 USD 910 - 1,170 Provenance Property of a South East London gentleman; acquired on the European meteorite market; accompanied by a certificate of verification from ExpoMeteoritos, Madrid, Spain.

598

LARGE TEXAS H4 METEORITE Found 1942 AD 598 A large fragment of bronzite chondrite meteorite with one face cut and polished; collector’s identification classification to one face; displayed in a transparent membrane box together with typed collector’s information ticket. 652 grams total including case, 11cm (case: 15 x 15cm) (4¼ (6x6)"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 330 - 440 USD 390 - 520 Provenance Property of a Leicestershire, UK, collector; ex USA art market; previously with Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, Texas, USA; deaccessioned from the Oscar E. Monnig collection, with his personal reference number in gold and a later one by curator Garry Huss; accompanied by an original university collection label and Swiss made membrane box.

599

GILT AMETHYST CATHEDRAL A large amethyst crystal cathedral geode with polished face, composition base, gilt outer face. 27.6 kg, 50cm (19½"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 660 - 880 USD 780 - 1,040 Provenance Property of a Walton on Thames gentleman; previously acquired on the UK art market.

600

0.23 CARAT YELLOW DIAMOND

599

A natural yellow cut and facetted diamond of 0.23 carats; tested as yellow diamond by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A. 0.05 grams, 3mm (¼"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 440 - 660 USD 520 - 780 Provenance Property of a West Sussex gentleman; acquired on the UK natural history market.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

600

213


Terms & Conditions

Bidder/Buyer Terms and Conditions 1. Interpretations and Definitions: the following terms generally apply within these Terms and Conditions; other terms are defined within specific sections following: Auctioneer – the firm TimeLine Auctions Ltd (“TimeLine” hereafter) or its authorised auctioneer, acting as Agent for the Seller. TimeLine is a company registered in England and Wales (company no: 06873501) with registered office at 40 Kilmarnock Drive, Luton, LU2 7YP, UK. The website and telephone number are https://timelineauctions.com and ++44 (0) 1277 815121. Agent – a person or body acting on behalf of another. ALR – Art Loss Register - All lots with an upper estimate value of £1,000 and above and all ancient Western Asiatic lots are searched against the Art Loss Register database. Auction – a sale event whether taking place live in real-time or of extended duration (Timed Auction). Bid – a sum offered by a Bidder to purchase the Lot. Bidder – the person offering a Bid. Buyer – the Bidder who the Lot is Knocked Down to. Buyer’s Premium – the percentage of the Hammer Price payable by the Buyer to TimeLine in accordance with clause 19. CITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. Data Protection Legislation –all applicable data protection and privacy legislation in force from time to time in the UK including the General Data Protection Regulation ((EU) 2016/679) (83) (GDPR); the Data Protection Act 2018; the Privacy and Electronic Communications Directive 2002/58/EC (as updated by Directive 2009/136/EC) and the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/2426) as amended, and any and all applicable national data protection laws made under or pursuant to the GDPR, as may be amended or superseded from time to time. Date of Sale – the date on which the Auctioneer Knocks Down the Lot. Group – any Lot comprising more than one item. Hammer Price – the amount of the winning bid when Knocked Down by the Auctioneer to a Bidder. Knock(ed/ing) Down – the act of the Auctioneer in bringing the Hammer down to complete the contract for the sale of the Lot to the Bidder submitting the highest bid. Lot – the goods for sale. Purchase Price – the total sum due for any Lot, including the Hammer Price, the Buyer’s Premium, any internet bidding fees, any shipping charges, taxes, duties or any other costs payable to TimeLine. Registered Bidder –a Bidder who has registered with TimeLine for the purpose of taking part in any Auction. Reserve Price – the minimum Hammer Price at which a Lot may be Knocked Down. Seller – the person offering the Lot for sale. Title – legal rights of ownership of the Lot. 2. Application: the singular includes the plural and vice versa and any reference to ‘he’, ‘she’ or ‘it’ applies to all of them. 3. Basis of Contract: a. These Terms and Conditions apply to the exclusion of any other terms that the Bidder/Buyer seeks to impose or incorporate, or which are implied by trade, custom, practice or course of dealing. b. Each Buyer is required to carefully read the Terms and Conditions before offering a bid. When a Buyer makes a bid he/she acknowledges that he/she has read, understood and accepted these terms. c. TimeLine does not act for or give advice to Bidders/Buyers. 4. Dimensions, weights and colour: all dimensions and weights (including ring sizes) are approximate and are for general guidance only; a single dimension given is normally the greatest dimension for the piece(s). Although TimeLine have made

214

TimeLine Auctions

every effort to precisely display the colours and condition of a Lot, TimeLine does not guarantee that a device displays them accurately. The Lot may vary slightly from those images. 5. Condition: items are briefly described with respect to condition using various phrases to signify the overall and general condition. It should be noted that items having significant age, sometimes being very ancient, often show minor blemishes and defects and these are considered to be normal and will not be individually described. Phrases used include: Restored - may be repaired or otherwise reinstated; possibly with some areas replaced; Fair Condition - may be fragmentary or obviously damaged; Fine Condition - usually essentially complete but may have minor damage or show restoration or repair; Very Fine Condition - usually complete and in good condition; may have some minor damage, restoration or repair; and Extremely Fine Condition - complete and better than average condition, without significant repair or restoration. Bidders are encouraged to carefully examine in person any Lot(s) for which they intend or do Bid for. It is not possible to note all marks or defects and neither TimeLine or the Auctioneer make any guarantee as to the physical quality or condition of any Lot(s). 6. Dating: dates may be given in several forms, as examples below: 527 AD - an item that bears a date upon it or that can otherwise be dated with precision; 6th century AD - an item that can be dated with considerable confidence to a specific period; Circa 6th century AD - an item that can be approximately dated by comparison with other pieces; Probably 6th century AD - an item that is likely to be of this period in the light of similar pieces; Possibly 6th century AD - an item that might be of this period by comparison with items of a broadly similar character; and Undated - no date is known or suggested for the piece. 6th Century AD or later – an item is dated to a specific period but may also be a revival of style of a later date. 7. Attributions: works of art attributions may be given in several forms, as examples below: Signed – a work bearing the signature of the named artist; Attributed to – a work of the period of the artist which may be in whole or in part the work of the artist named; Circle of – a work of the period of the artist and showing his influence; Follower of – a contemporary or nearly so work executed in the style of the artist; Manner of – a work executed in the style of the artist but of a later date; and After – a copy of any date of a work of the artist. 8. Other Descriptive Matters: some other words or phrases are used descriptively, as examples below: Style - an item made in the style of an earlier age but thought to be probably of later date. Archaistic - an item made in the style of a much earlier age; Grand Tour - an item usually of some age but in the style of an earlier age; After the Antique - an item made as a reproduction, usually of quite modern date; and Faux - used descriptively when the material used is probably imitative in character. 9. Lots including Archaeological or Cultural Property: a UK export licence from the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, is required for Lots originating

from UK soil or territory leaving the UK and for such Lots of non-UK origin when leaving the EU. TimeLine will make applications for the necessary Cultural Property Export Licence as a ‘free of charge’ service to Buyers, where the Export Licence is legally required. If a Buyer requests for TimeLine to apply for an Export Licence where this is not legally required, an additional fee of £24 (VAT inclusive) will be invoiced to the Buyer. Buyers are advised to check concerning any Regulations applicable in their country of residence regarding importation and to enquire prior to bidding. The deferment of any Export Licence shall not be reason to cancel any bid nor to delay payment. 10. Lots including materials from Endangered Species: Buyers are responsible for obtaining a CITES licence when required for the export from the UK of any item(s) made of or containing materials such as ivory, tortoiseshell, rhinoceros horn, whalebone, etc. 11. Import Licences: Buyers are responsible for checking and ensuring compliance with any regulations applicable in their country of residence regarding importation. 12. Copyright: all cataloguing text, images and other material published by TimeLine whether physically or electronically is the property of TimeLine and may not be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or otherwise transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written consent of TimeLine. 13. General Conduct of Auction: TimeLine shall have absolute discretion as to lots offered for sale, lots withdrawn and the conduct of any Auction. TimeLine shall have absolute discretion to refuse entry, decline bids and expel any person from the Auction whether present in person or by agent or proxy or attending by way of any electronic media or telecommunications. 14. Viewing: all Lots are available to view. All prospective Bidders are advised to view any Lot(s) prior to bidding and the Bidder must form their own opinion before bidding. Public viewing arrangements will be advised in advance of the Date of Sale and private viewing can be arranged at the TimeLine premises by appointment. 15. Lot Descriptions: all Lots are offered ‘as seen’ and ‘as is’ and are available for inspection. The Buyer is obligated to make all and any enquiries he wishes as to the accuracy and authenticity of any sale description (including Condition, Dating and Attributions, as set out in clauses 5-7).The principle of caveat emptor applies except where expressly excluded by operation of law. While materials (such as catalogues) are vetted by an external committee of experts, TimeLine do not make or give any guarantee, warranty or representation or undertake any duty of care in relation to the description, illustrations or photographs of any Lot, including condition, quality, provenance, authenticity, background, style, period, age, origin, value and estimated selling price. TimeLine undertakes no obligation to examine, investigate or carry out any tests either in sufficient depth or at all to establish the accuracy or otherwise of any description or opinions given by TimeLine whether in the catalogue or elsewhere. Lots comprising Groups are sold strictly subject to them not being returnable for any reason whatsoever; the provisions set out under clause 43 are specifically excluded in respect of such Lots. For coins that have been authenticated, graded and encapsulated ('slabbed') by an independent grading company, no guarantee of any kind is offered by TimeLine. Buyers should note that removal or attempted removal from any slab will immediately void any independent guarantee that might have been offered by that grading company. 16.

Condition Reports: All Lots are

available for inspection. TimeLine will provide a report on the physical condition of any Lot on request. Bidders should note that reports are provided as a free service to interested Bidders. Descriptions therein are not warranties and all Lots are offered ‘as seen’ and ‘as is’. 17. Estimates: estimates are for general guidance only and Lots may sell outside their indicated range(s). Bidders must make their own assessment as to the value of any Lot and conduct their bidding accordingly. 18. Reserves: Lots may be subject to a Reserve Price set by the Seller, at a level not exceeding the low estimate, below which bids cannot be accepted; TimeLine reserves the right to bid on behalf of a Seller, up to the amount of any Reserve Price. 19. Buyer’s Premium: the Buyer’s Premium is 27% of the Hammer Price [inclusive of VAT] for all successful Bidders. Use of the TimeLine Auctions online inhouse bidding service is free of additional charge. For those using any other internet bidding platforms, the provider’s normal charges at up to 6% (inclusive of VAT) will be payable by the Buyer in addition to the Buyer’s Premium. 20. Registration and Bidding: all prospective Bidders must register their personal details with TimeLine before bidding and a Bidder Number will be allocated for their use in relation to a specific sale; prospective Bidders will be asked to provide proof of identity and address. TimeLine reserves its right to refuse any Bidder or any Bid at its discretion. A deposit in accordance with clause 27 may be required before accepting any Bid(s). The Bidder Number must be shown by Bidders to the Auctioneer when placing a bid and by the successful Bidder when the Lot is Knocked Down. The auctioneer shall conduct the Auction at his sole discretion for all matters, accept Bids from any source and may exercise bids on behalf of absent Bidders or on behalf of Sellers up to any Reserve Price. Bidding shall be in pounds sterling only and generally in accordance with the increments set out below: a. £0 to £99 – in increments of £5 b. £100 to £199 – in increments of £10 c. £200 to £499 – in increments of £20 d. £500 to £999 – in increments of £50 e. £1000 to £1999 – in increments of £100 f. £2000 to £4,999 – in increments of £200 g. £5000 to £9,999 – in increments of £500 h. £10000 to £19,999 – in increments of £1,000 i. £20000 to £49,999 – in increments of £2,000 j. £50000 to £99,999 – in increments of £5,000 k. £100,000 to £249,999 – in increments of £10,000 l. £250,000 and up – in minimum increments of £20,000 21. Absentee Bidding/Auto Bidding: Registered Bidders may leave absentee/auto Bids in advance of a live Auction directly through the TimeLine website or in writing by mail, email, fax or other delivery means and will be automatically exercised at the Reserve Price or at one bid increment above any competing Bid up to the submitted maximum Bid amount. 22. Commission Bidding: while Bidders are advised to attend the Auction and to bid


TimeLine Auctions

in person, TimeLine will accept written instructions in advance of a live Auction from a Registered Bidder to personally execute bids on behalf of the Bidder up to a stated maximum. Unlimited bids or bids to ‘buy’ will not be accepted. In the event of identical bids being received from more than one Bidder, the earliest received will have priority. TimeLine offers this as a free service for live Auctions but] no liability is accepted for any errors in bidding or in the event that a Bid is not placed. A deposit may be required In accordance with clause 27. 23. Internet Bidding: live, real-time bidding is available to Bidders through the TimeLine website for all live Auctions. Bidders intending to use any other internet bidding service must Register in advance with that service and the provider’s normal charges at up to 6% (VAT inclusive) will be payable in addition to the Buyer’s Premium. It is entirely the responsibility of the Bidder using any bidding service to ensure that Bids are made accurately; Bids cannot be retracted once made and are binding on the Bidder in all circumstances. TimeLine are not responsible for any technical or other failure which results in Bids not being received. 24. Telephone Bidding: facilities for telephone bidding are available at live Auctions at the discretion of TimeLine for Bidders on Lots with a low estimate in excess of £250 and must be booked and confirmed in advance. It is a condition for acceptance by TimeLine of any telephone bidding request that the Bidder undertakes to execute a minimum Bid at the low estimate sum. TimeLine offers telephone bidding as a free service but no liability is accepted for any errors or in the event that a connection cannot be made or is interrupted before the Lot is Knocked Down. 25. Agents: all Bidders making Bids through any means shall be deemed to be acting as principal in their bidding and shall be directly and fully liable for all Bid amounts, Buyer’s Premium and any other charges or costs. If any prospective Bidder wishes to appoint a person to bid on their behalf, then this must be agreed and authorised in writing by TimeLine in advance of the Auction. A deposit may be required in accordance with clause 27. 26. Value Added Tax: VAT is charged and invoiced on an inclusive basis, under the auctioneer’s margin scheme on all Buyers’ Premiums and other charges; Buyers resident outside the EU should note that there is no relief or exemption from VAT. For such items as investment gold, modern jewellery and gemstones including where marked with a ‘dagger’ (†) symbol, VAT on the Hammer Price will be payable in addition. 27. Deposits: Timeline reserves the right to request a deposit in certain circumstances. The amount of the deposit will be set by Timeline. If a Bid is not placed the deposit will be paid back within a reasonable timeframe after the close of the auction. In case of a successful bid, the deposit will be reduced from the Purchase Price payable by the Buyer. 28. Payment: the Purchase Price becomes due and payable when the Lot is Knocked Down by the Auctioneer. Requests and Statements detailing the purchase information will be sent out by email or post; Bidders may be telephoned or otherwise contacted when payment is not received promptly or where there are queries in any respect. a. The full Purchase Price must be paid in Pounds Sterling and can be made by bank transfer (for transfers from outside the UK, subject to payment of an additional £10 overseas bank transaction fee), by cash up to the value of £7,000, by cheque from a UK bank (subject to clearance) or by bank debit card or credit card (up to a maximum of £500). It is the responsibility of the Buyer to ensure that TimeLine receives the correct amount payable.

Terms & Conditions

b. Unless agreed by TimeLine in writing in advance of the Auction, the Buyer must pay the Purchase Price in full in cleared funds to TimeLine by no later than 4.30pm on the third working day following the Date of Sale. In case of delayed payment, clause 32 applies. 29. Title, Risk and Insurance: Title to any Lot is retained by the Seller until the Purchase Price and all other sums payable by the Buyer have been paid in full in cleared funds to TimeLine; at this point, Title will transfer from the Seller to the Buyer. Risk for the Lot passes to the Buyer at the time the Lot is Knocked Down to the Bidder. TimeLine does not hold property insured after the Lot has been Knocked Down. 30. Collection of Lots and Storage: Once the Buyer has paid the Purchase Price in full, TimeLine will release the Lot to the Buyer for collection. The Buyer must collect, or arrange the collection of, all purchases from the location advised by TimeLine by 4.30pm on the seventh working day following the Date of Sale. TimeLine may provide the Buyer with a quotation and contact details for the services of Mail Boxes Etc on TimeLine documentation (any storage/shipping contract is between the Buyer and Mail Boxes Etc). The Buyer may arrange a service of their choice for collection, packing and shipping services. Lots not collected by the seventh working day following the Date of Sale will be moved to storage at a transfer cost of £20 plus VAT per Lot and storage charges will thereafter be applied at the rate of £1.90 plus VAT per Lot per day until collected; no Lots may be removed/released to the Buyer until all storage and transfer costs have been paid in full. In the event that the accrual of storage charges reaches 50% of the Hammer Price paid or after the expiration of three months from the transfer date, whichever occurs first, Timeline reserve the right to re-sell any and all Lots stored without notice and in any manner at their sole discretion and to apply any proceeds in defrayment of such costs. The Buyer will be entitled to receive any credit balance above the amount of the costs on request but will remain liable for any deficit. 31. Delivery by TimeLine: at the absolute discretion of TimeLine, TimeLine may, on request, directly arrange delivery of certain Lots to the address registered to the Buyer, on payment by the Buyer to TimeLine of any advised handling and delivery charge. 32. Remedies for Buyer’s Failure to Make Payment and/or Remove Lots: if the Purchase Price and/or all sums payable are not paid in full when they fall due and/or the Lot is not removed in accordance with these terms, TimeLine may without further notice to the Buyer be entitled to exercise one or more of the following rights: a. To terminate the agreement immediately for breach of contract; b. To retain possession of the Lot; c. To remove and/or store the Lot at the Buyer’s expense, as detailed at clause 30at a cost to the Buyer of £20 + VAT for the transfer per Lot plus a daily cost of £1.90 plus VAT per Lot for the storage; d. To take legal proceedings against the Buyer for payment of any sums due to TimeLine by the Buyer; e. To be paid interest on any monies due to TimeLine at the annual rate of 8% per annum from time to time to be calculated on a daily basis from the date upon which such monies became payable until the date of actual payment; f. To sell the Lot without a Reserve Price at Auction or by any other means and apply any proceeds against the amount owing by the Buyer to TimeLine; g. To apply any monies received from the Buyer in payment or part payment of any sums due from the Buyer to TimeLine under these terms; h. To refuse to allow the Buyer to register for a future Auction or to reject a bid from

the Buyer at a future Auction.

to enforce any of these terms.

33. Limitation of Liability: The Auctioneer has obtained insurance cover in respect of its own legal liability for individual claims. The limits and exclusions in this clause reflect the insurance cover the Auctioneer has been able to arrange and the Buyer is responsible for making his own arrangements for the insurance of any excess loss.

42. Governing Law: these terms and conditions and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with them or their subject matter or formation (including noncontractual disputes or claims) shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the law of England and Wales.

Timeline will under no circumstances be liable to the Buyer, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, arising under or in connection with the contract for: a. any loss of profits, sales, business or revenue b. loss of business opportunity c. an indirect or consequential loss. Our total liability to you for all losses arising under or in connection to the contract, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, will in no circumstances exceed £500. Nothing in the Contract limits any liability which cannot legally be limited, including but not limited to liability for: a. death or personal injury caused by negligence; b. fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation; and c. breach of the terms implied by section 12 of the Supply of Goods and Services Act 1979 (title and quiet possession). This clause 33 shall survive termination of the Contract. 34. Buyer’s Indemnity: the Buyer agrees to indemnify TimeLine on a full indemnity basis against all legal and other costs, all losses and expenses incurred as a result of TimeLine taking steps under clause 33. 35. Use of your personal information: TimeLine will only use the Seller’s personal information as set out in their privacy policy. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. Where Timeline processes any personal data, it will comply with the requirements and obligations under the Data Protection Legislation. 36. Anti-Money Laundering: TimeLine’s Anti-Money Laundering Policy sets out TimeLine’s policy for ensuring compliance anti-money laundering legislation that applies to some of TimeLine’s activities. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. 37. Sale of Goods Act: The terms implied by sections 13 to 15 of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 are, to the fullest extent permitted by law, excluded. 38. Severance: If any provision or partprovision of these terms and conditions is or becomes invalid, illegal or unenforceable, it shall be deemed modified to the minimum extent necessary to make it valid, legal and enforceable. If such modification is not possible, the relevant provision or partprovision shall be deemed deleted. Any modification to or deletion of a provision or part-provision under this clause shall not affect the validity and enforceability of the rest of the terms and conditions. 39. Amendments: TimeLine may amend these Terms and Conditions from time to time. Please check our website for our latest terms and conditions. 40. No waiver: No failure or delay by TimeLine to exercise any right or remedy provided under the these Terms and Conditions or by law shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor shall it prevent or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy. 41. Third-Party rights: These Terms & Conditions are between Timeline and a Seller. No other person shall have any rights

43. Jurisdiction: the Bidder irrevocably agrees that the courts of England and Wales shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these terms and conditions or its subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims). At the sole discretion of TimeLine, the auctioneer may instigate any proceedings within the jurisdiction of the bidder's country of residence. 44. Disputes: in the event that the Buyer has any dispute in relation to any Lot, not being a Lot described as a Group, Collection or other term indicating that the lot comprises more than one object, (such lots being sold cannot be returned in accordance with clause 15), which has been sold, that dispute must be notified to TimeLine in writing within 14 days following the Date of the Sale in order that TimeLine can hold the proceeds pending resolution of the dispute. In the event of deliberate forgery being claimed for any Lot, the Buyer shall submit two opinions in writing from recognised experts for consideration; the inability of different experts to agree shall not be sufficient grounds. No liability is accepted by TimeLine for any costs/losses of the Buyer, including but not limited to fees, shipping, loss of profit, consequential costs or any other matters beyond the Hammer Price and Buyer's Premium. In all cases, any item must be returned to TimeLine, strictly in the condition it was in at the date of the sale being held; Buyers are advised that any form of destructive examination or testing undertaken will result in claims being rejected; claims resulting from results of tests under a scientific process not generally accepted for use at the Date of the Sale or which were unreasonably expensive in relation to the estimates for the lot or impractical or likely to have caused damage to the Lot at the Date of the Sale will not be allowed. TimeLine will have no liability to the Buyer after a period of 14 days as then TimeLine will release monies and make payments to Sellers.

Seller’s Terms and Conditions 1. Interpretations and Definitions: the following terms generally apply within these Terms and Conditions; other terms are defined within specific sections following: Auctioneer – the firm TimeLine Auctions Ltd (“TimeLine” hereafter) or its authorised auctioneer, acting as Agent for the Seller. TimeLine is a company registered in England and Wales (company no: 06873501) with registered office at 40 Kilmarnock Drive, Luton, LU2 7YP, UK. The website and telephone number are https://timelineauctions.com and +44 (0) 1277 815121. Agent – a person or body acting on behalf of another. ALR – Art Loss Register - All lots with an upper Estimate value of £1,000 and above and all ancient Western Asiatic lots are searched against the Art Loss Register database. Auction – a sale event whether taking place live in real-time or of extended duration (Timed Auction). Bid – a sum offered by a Bidder to purchase the Lot. Bidder – the person offering a Bid. Buyer – the person who the Lot is Knocked Down to. Date of Sale – the date on which the Auctioneer Knocks Down the Lot. Data Protection Legislation –all applicable

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Terms & Conditions

TimeLine Auctions

data protection and privacy legislation in force from time to time in the UK including the General Data Protection Regulation ((EU) 2016/679) (83) (GDPR); the Data Protection Act 2018; the Privacy and Electronic Communications Directive 2002/58/EC (as updated by Directive 2009/136/EC) and the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/2426) as amended, and any and all applicable national data protection laws made under or pursuant to the GDPR, as may be amended or superseded from time to time. Estimate – the estimate for any Lots as set out in the Property Receipt. Group – any Lot comprising more than one item. Hammer Price – the amount of the winning bid when Knocked Down by the Auctioneer to a Bidder. Knock(ed/ing) Down – the act of the Auctioneer in bringing the Hammer down to complete the contract for the sale of the Lot to the Bidder submitting the highest bid. Lot – the goods for sale. Net Proceeds-the Hammer Price less the Selling Commission and any charges or expenses levied at Timeline’s discretion in accordance with these Terms and Conditions. Purchase Price – the total sum due for any Lot, including the Hammer Price, the Buyer’s Premium, any internet bidding fees, any shipping charges, taxes, duties or any other costs payable to TimeLine. Reserve Price – the minimum Hammer Price at which a Lot may be Knocked Down Seller – the person offering the Lot for sale. Selling Commission – the sum due to TimeLine from the Seller in accordance with clause 10. Timed Sale –in relation to an unsold Lot, a 28 day timeframe to allow a sale post Auction in accordance with clause 15. Title – legal rights of ownership of the Lot. Unsold Fee – 6% (VAT inclusive) of the Reserve Price. Withdrawal Fee – the fee payable to TimeLine in the event the Seller withdraws a Lot in accordance with clause 14, which shall be 6% (VAT inclusive) of the low Estimate or Reserve Price, whichever is higher.

Purchase Price and all other sums payable by the Buyer have been paid in full in cleared funds to TimeLine; at this point, Title will transfer from the Seller to the Buyer. Risk for the Lot passes to the Buyer at the time the Lot is Knocked Down to the Bidder. TimeLine does not hold any Lot insured after the Lot has been Knocked Down.

2. Application: the singular includes the plural and vice versa and any reference to ‘he’, ‘she’ or ‘it’ applies to all of them.

This clause 8 shall survive termination of the Contract.

3. Basis of Contract: a. These terms and conditions apply to the exclusion of any other terms that the Seller seeks to impose or incorporate, or which are implied by trade, custom, practice or course of dealing. b. Each Seller is required to read the terms and conditions attached to the Property Acceptance/Receipt and acknowledges that he/she has read, accepted and acknowledged the terms of such attachment, in advance of signing the same. c. As auctioneer, TimeLine acts solely for, and in the interest of, the Seller. 4. Copyright: all cataloguing text, images and other material published by TimeLine (including in relation to any Lot) whether physically or electronically is the property of TimeLine and may not be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or otherwise transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written consent of TimeLine. Timeline does not guarantee that a device accurately displays the colours and condition of a Lot. 5. Rights to Photographs, Illustrations and Documents: the Seller grants to Timeline full and absolute right to photograph or illustrate any Lot and to use such photographs or illustrations, and any photographs, illustrations or documents provided by the Seller, at any time and at TimeLine’s absolute discretion (whether or not in connection with any Auction). 6. Title, Risk and Insurance: Title to any Lot is retained by the Seller until the

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7. Seller’s Representations and Warranties: in submitting any Lot for sale, the Seller warrants and represents to TimeLine the matters set out in the Property Acceptance/Receipt and Seller’s statement of provenance. The Seller will be asked to provide proof of identity and address. 8. Limitation of Liability: The Auctioneer has obtained insurance cover in respect of its own legal liability for individual claims. The limits and exclusions in this clause reflect the insurance cover the Auctioneer has been able to arrange and the Seller is responsible for making his own arrangements for the insurance of any excess loss. Timeline will under no circumstances be liable to the Seller, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, arising under or in connection with the Contract for: a. any loss of profits, sales, business or revenue; b. loss of business opportunity; and c. an indirect or consequential loss. TimeLine’s total liability to the Seller for all losses arising under or in connection to the Contract, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, will in no circumstances exceed £500. Nothing in these terms and conditions limits any liability which cannot legally be limited, including but not limited to liability for: a. death or personal injury caused by negligence; b. fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation; and c. breach of the terms implied by section 12 of the Supply of Goods and Services Act 1979 (title and quiet possession).

9. Seller’s Indemnity: the Seller shall indemnify and hold TimeLine harmless from all claims and all direct, indirect or consequential losses (including loss of profits, loss of business, depletion of goodwill and similar losses), costs, proceedings, damages and expenses (including legal and other professional fees and expenses) awarded against or incurred or paid by TimeLine as a result or in connection with: a. any breach of the warranties referred to in clause 7; b. any claim made against TimeLine concerning the authenticity of any Lot; c. any alleged or actual infringement, whether or not under English law, of any third party’s Intellectual Property Rights or other rights arising out of the Auction or sale of the Lot. 10. Selling Commission: The standard rate of selling commission payable to TimeLine shall be 18% of the Hammer Price (VAT inclusive). 11. Additional Charges: TimeLine may levy additional charges regarding: a. Collection of goods from Seller’s premises, storage of goods submitted for sale by a Seller and storage of Lots unsold in accordance with clause 15; b. Further charges at the discretion of TimeLine on advance warning to the Seller for any unusual research, special or additional imaging, testing, consultation with external specialists, conservation, cleaning or other services concerned with presenting the Lot, including VAT or other taxes or duties as applicable. c. All items submitted for sale in the

'Western Asiatic' category (other than items designated as 'style') and all lots over £1000 will incur an administration charge of £6.00 (VAT inclusive) per item for additional checking, including searches against the ALR. 12. Lots: all goods submitted to TimeLine will be lotted, catalogued and offered by live auction sale, limited timed auction sale, 'buy it now' direct sale or other method at the sole discretion of TimeLine; antiquities, antiques and collectables Lots with a low Estimate of £200 or less and coin Lots with a low Estimate of £100 or less will not normally be illustrated in any printed catalogue and printed text entries may be minimised (images and full text will always be shown on the TimeLine website); Estimates are provided for information only and Hammer Prices may differ from the estimated range. 13. Reserve Price: The Seller may set a Reserve Price on any Lot where the low Estimate exceeds £120 subject to agreeing that an Unsold Fee will become payable to Timeline for any such Reserved Lot which fails to sell; in addition the Seller agrees that the auctioneer may accept a bid received at one bid increment or 10% of the Reserve Price (whichever is higher) below the Reserve Price sum if necessary to sell the Lot. 14. Withdrawal of Lots: Once entered for sale, Lots may be withdrawn by the Seller only upon the agreement of TimeLine and payment to TimeLine of the Withdrawal Fee; a Withdrawal Fee will also be payable should any post-Sale offer be received in accordance with clause 14 but not accepted by the Seller. TimeLine reserves the absolute right to withdraw any Lot from sale for any reason in which circumstance no Withdrawal Fee will be payable. The Seller is thereafter responsible for collection of any Lot which has been withdrawn and clause 15 applies. 15. Unsold Lots and Storage: in the event that a Lot is not sold no Selling Commission is payable unless the Lot was subject to a Reserve Price in which case a sum of 6% (VAT inclusive)of the Reserve Price is payable by the Seller to TimeLine. TimeLine shall retain possession of unsold Lots for a period of twenty-eight days from the date of any Auction for entry into any Timed Sale or against the possibility of receiving post-Sale offers for such Lots. The Seller is thereafter responsible for collection of any unsold goods immediately after this period and Lots will be released after any charges due have been paid in full. Lots not removed by 4.30pm on the seventh working day after the due date will be moved to storage at a transfer cost of £20 plus VAT per Lot and storage charges will thereafter be applied at the rate of £1.90 plus VAT per Lot per day until collected; no Lots may be removed until any storage or other amounts due to TimeLine have been paid in full. In the event that the accrual of storage charges reaches 50% of the Reserve Price or after the expiration of three months from the transfer date, whichever occurs first, Timeline reserve the right to re-sell any and all Lots stored without notice and in any manner at their sole discretion and to apply any proceeds in defrayment of such costs. The Seller will be entitled to receive any credit balance above the amount of the costs on request but will remain liable for any deficit. 16. Payment to Sellers: the Net Proceeds of the Auction will become due and payable to the Seller 30 days following the Date of Sale provided that TimeLine have received cleared payment of the Purchase Price in full from the Buyer. 17. Use of your personal information: TimeLine will only use the Seller’s personal information as set out in their privacy policy. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. Where Timeline processes any personal data, Timeline will comply with the requirements and obligations under the Data Protection Legislation.

18. Anti-Money Laundering: TimeLine’s Anti-Money Laundering Policy sets out TimeLine’s policy for ensuring compliance with anti-money laundering legislation that applies to some of TimeLine’s activities. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. 19. Sale of Goods Act: The terms implied by sections 13 to 15 of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 are, to the fullest extent permitted by law, excluded. 20. Severance: If any provision or partprovision of these terms and conditions is or becomes invalid, illegal or unenforceable, it shall be deemed modified to the minimum extent necessary to make it valid, legal and enforceable. If such modification is not possible, the relevant provision or partprovision shall be deemed deleted. Any modification to or deletion of a provision or part-provision under this clause shall not affect the validity and enforceability of the rest of the terms and conditions. 21. Amendments: TimeLine may amend these Terms and Conditions from time to time. Please check our website for our latest terms and conditions. 22. No waiver: No failure or delay by TimeLine to exercise any right or remedy provided under the these Terms and Conditions or by law shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor shall it prevent or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy. 23. Third-Party rights: These Terms & Conditions are between Timeline and a Seller. No other person shall have any rights to enforce any of these terms. 24. Governing Law: these terms and conditions and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with them or their subject matter or formation (including noncontractual disputes or claims) shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the law of England and Wales. 25. Jurisdiction: each party irrevocably agrees that the courts of England and Wales shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these terms and conditions or its subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims).


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