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Hur r icane Se a so n 2014:

Emergency Kit

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Things you should have ready:

First-aid kit Keep items in waterproof container. • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Various sizes of sterile, adhesive bandages. Sterile gauze pads and roller bandages in a variety of sizes. Hypoallergenic adhesive tape. Scissors and tweezers. Needle, for sewing. Bars of soap in plastic bags. Antiseptic spray. Hydrogen peroxide. Rubbing alcohol. Iodine. Thermometer. Ointments for burns and cuts. Latex gloves. Aspirin, ibuprofen and antacid.

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Shopping suggestions • • • • • • • • • •

Canned food. Manual can opener. Pudding, applesauce, fruit. Individually packaged drinks. Raisins and other dried fruits. Nuts. Energy bars. Ready-made baby formula. Baby food in jars. Unscented bleach.

• •

• • • •

Water: At least 1 gallon daily per person for 3 to 7 days; also, make extra ice before the storm hits. Food: At least enough for 3 to 7 days, mostly nonperishable packaged or canned food, juices. Blankets, pillows, etc. Items for infants or the elderly. Snacks. Nonelectric can opener. Cooking tools, fuel. Paper plates, plastic utensils. Clothing. Rain gear. First-aid kit, medicines, prescription drugs. Sturdy shoes. Toys, books and games. Toiletries. Hygiene items. Moisture wipes. Flashlight, batteries. Battery-operated, NOAA weather radios. Keys. Cash: Banks and automatedteller machines may not be open for a while. Important documents in waterproof container. Insurance, medical records, bank-account numbers, Social Security card, etc. Videotape that documents all valuables. Tools: Keep a set with you. Vehicle fuel tanks filled. Proper IDs, immunization records for pets.

4 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

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Slow storm season forecast But it only takes one to make misery in Hampton Roads, experts warn, so it pays to be prepared By Tamara Dietrich

he Atlantic hurricane season officially kicked off Sunday, June 1, and federal forecasters say odds are we’ll be seeing fewer hurricanes than normal.

T

including one or two major ones.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration expects an El Nino to develop this summer, a weather phenomenon that packs westerly winds that can rip the heads off tropical storms in the Atlantic before they can grow into hurricanes.

A named storm has winds of at least 39 mph, a hurricane 74 mph, and a major hurricane 111 mph.

As result, forecasters predict a 50 percent chance of a below-normal season, a 40 percent chance of a nearnormal season, and a mere 10 percent chance of an above-normal season.

“It only takes one hurricane or tropical storm making landfall to have disastrous impacts on our communities,” Joe Nimmich, FEMA associate administrator for Response and Recovery, cautioned in NOAA’s announcement.

The hurricane season runs June 1 to November 30. In that time, NOAA says, there’s a 70 percent chance the Atlantic will see eight to 13 named storms — three to six of which will build into hurricanes,

This outlook is just under the seasonal average of 12 named storms, six hurricanes and three major hurricanes.

What forecasters can’t predict this far out, of course, is whether any — or all — of those blows will ever hit land.

Local meteorologist Lyle Alexander with the National Weather Service in Wakefield agreed that Hampton Roads should take the upbeat forecast with a grain of salt. Continues on page 9

6 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

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Continued from page 6

“You still have to be responsible,” Alexander said Friday. “Because it just takes one (hurricane) to mess things up. Or, even worse, if you’re in the wrong place at the wrong time.” Even seasons with fewer hurricanes can still pack a punch, he said. “Back in 1992, that was an extremely slow season, maybe three or five named storms,” Alexander said. “But that was the year Hurricane Andrew struck southern Florida. That was an extremely devastating hurricane. … Even if you have a low number of hurricanes, that doesn’t mean we can just sit back and say, ‘Well, we don’t have much to worry about.’” During National Hurricane Preparedness Week, which concluded Saturday, May 31st, NOAA offered bilingual public service announcements and tips at www.ready. gov/hurricanes and www.hurricanes. gov/prepare.

using a space-based observatory, as well as a monitoring instrument set to launch this season to the International Space Station. “This year, we’re going full-force into tropical cyclone research,” NASA meteorologist Scott Braun said in a statement Thursday. Braun is a principal investigator for the Global Hawk’s Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel mission, or HS3, which is overseen by the Earth System Science Pathfinder Program at NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton. Gerry Bell, the lead hurricane forecaster at NOAA, said the Atlantic has seen above-normal seasons in 12 of the last 20 years. He said both the anticipated El Nino and projected near-average Atlantic ocean temperatures suggest light activity this year.

It also rolled out a new interactive mapping tool on its website that will enable users to check the storm surge threat in their coastal communities in advance of a specific event. According to NOAA, the map can be used when a hurricane or tropical storm watch is first issued, or about 48 hours before the expected onset of tropical stormforce winds. NOAA says it has improved its forecasting model by 10 percent over last year.

“You still have to be responsible” Lyle Alexander, Meteorologist, National Weather Service, Wakefield

To help in NOAA’s research and forecasting, unmanned Global Hawk aircraft will launch out of NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility on the Eastern Shore between Aug. 26 and Sept. 29, the peak of the hurricane season.

NOAA’s forecast last year, of course, didn’t pan out. Federal experts initially predicted an unusually busy season, but the Atlantic saw only 13 named storms, two Category 1 hurricanes, and no major ones.

This will be the third year for these flights to study the development of Atlantic tropical storms and hurricanes. NASA will also study surface winds and storm formation

NOAA says it will issue an updated outlook in early August, just before the season peak for 2014. Dietrich can be reached by phone at 757-247-7892 or tdietrich@dailypress.com

Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press — 9

E N A C I R R U H S T ’ N O D & DOS

er also will help cooking. The wat until thawed for keep things cold 10 THINGS drinking. TO DO BEFORE t. There may : Plan for drough e n a ic rr u H e th re, but none to be water everywhe ke Ta . epared. Have u have ink if you aren’t pr Know what yo dr e sid hand or food-safe operty, in bottled water on photos of your pr p ap an ith tap water in mera or containers filled w and out. Use a ca ve ha so you s off your water case the city turn with a time-stamp . ny pa m co bs and barrels rance supply. Fill bathtu proof for your insu e nc ra su hing toilets and ve an in with water for flus Make sure you ha s ie lic your po ow that the hotcleaning. Also kn company and that r fo u yo ns 50-75 gallons d cover water tank contai are up to date an rm sto d water, enough to r relate of fresh drinking hurricanes or othe s. oe ad rn to alive and healthy ng and keep one person events like floodi erty. Secure for a month. Clear your prop hicle. that could Prepare your ve all outdoor items ds in w gh full. If a hi is in nk ta nd e e sure th ak M start flying arou e tricity, as stimate thos le region loses elec ho w and don’t undere ricane Isadore, heavy may ppened after Hur ha winds. Something t ge to pump if wind can tions have no way sta still get airborne e os r on higher ake sure lo e gas. Park your ca th underneath it. M e ar a flood-prone ble trees ound if you are in gr branches and unsta rm ry is old or re the sto area. If your batte removed well befo it gets replaced weak, make sure gets close. orn-out ss. The along with any w Plan for darkne s. er ip windshield w go out. Get a power will likely t, n’ pers. n. If you ca e important pa or St generator if you ca p m me or car. on hand for ca And not in your ho have bottled gas u yo so fety deposit ns er nt nk la them in a ba sa t Pu stoves, grills and er w pies to a when the po if you can. Mail co x bo can cook and see ity ss -keeping if e also a nece d relative for safe ste tru is off. Batteries ar e os dios and th you can’t. — for flashlights, ra ns that can be a fa ed If you er ow -p ry tte ba e a “take” box. at re C . er th ea w you want to life-saver in hot have to evacuate, r. to ra ge everything fri ve Prepare your re make sure you ha papers ur yo po in ts — any im rtant ed ne u yo Cook all raw mea eze them. Put bank, passports not stored at the refrigerator and fre to in er ez ion, address fre and IDs, medicat all the ice in your in es ac sp l al numbers and ll books and phone plastic bags and fi ze ee Fr . s that can be em ke th important keepsa your freezer with ill w t ea m os can be e ot Th carried. Family ph water bottles, too. ld bdrive co s m ite or r d to a CD thum ne an sc help keep the othe ed without box just in case. and placed in the and can be consum 10 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

ready. Get your house gas and water Know where the ur home and shut-offs are at yo . Have storm how to work them or plywood on shutters installed indows (taping hand to protect w so save your them is pointless things.) Make energy for other e firmly attached sure your doors ar ur house by at to the frame of yo . least three hinges the news. Stay on top of o. Read your Listen to the radi have electricity newspaper. If you e, or If cell phone or Internet servic disrupted, service hasn’t been ilypress.com regularly check da n and regular for key informatio updates.

e sure candles, Don’t burn. Mak s p stoves and grill 10 THINGS lanterns, gas cam e from anything ER are a safe distanc e candles NOT TO DO AFT mable. Never leav am fl tended. the Hurricane: and lanterns unat know s and injuries Don’t think you Don’t fall. Death s, of ro m fro ll the authorities le fa better. Listen to occur when peop to try ey tell you. Roads as th and do what they ladders and trees flooding may be may be blocked, clean up. p water may be angling tree widespread and ta Don’t get hit. D ave a radio and siding may let unsafe to drink. H branches, signs or y workers tell t expect it. Stay do what emergenc go when you leas rd hat. you to do. safe and wear a ha trocuted. feet. Make Don’t get elec Don’t cut your wned power ty shoes and Stay away from do sure you wear safe t children or pets en glass and lines and don’t le be careful of brok s or puddles. play in flood water sharp metal. iances are dry Make sure all appl er ev N . te ia em back in. Don’t asphyx before you plug th n bo ar C s. or do in run a generator oned. If in ly kill you in Don’t get pois ick qu ill w e id ox mon t. Food can be doubt, throw it ou . ep sle ur yo refrigerator pt in an unopened ke ur yo w no K s, maybe longer Don’t overdo it. for up to 24 hour to in lf se ur yo sh to canned food limits and don’t pu if it is frozen. Stick in food-safe a heart attack. and water stored her water should racted. containers. All ot Don’t drive dist drinking. at the damage be boiled before Don’t stare agog rget that traffic e National around you and fo formation from th In be ay m s road ss Center lights may be out, ricane Preparedne ur H es lin er w po and . flooded and trees and wikihow.com way. ur yo ng ki rga oc bl Mo n, Daily Press may be Compiled by Karen Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press — 11

How to file an insurance claim ■

Try to call your insurance agent immediately.

Begin making temporary repairs to prevent further damage.

Save all receipts. Do not attempt to make permanent repairs until an insurance adjuster has inspected the home.

Most homeowner-insurance policies provide for removal of trees or branches that have fallen on your home.

If your home is uninhabitable or you move somewhere else temporarily, let your insurer know where you can be reached.

Don’t assume that adjusters will know what street they are on; street signs may have blown away. Industry officials say spray-painting important

information on homes after a hurricane is effective. Your name and correct address should be sufficient for an adjuster to match you and your policy. Don’t include your policy number; someone else may take advantage of that. Insurers usually send adjusters to the worst-hit homes first.

Confused about your policy? Get moving. With hurricane season here, homeowners need to find out what’s covered and what’s not. Experts say you should take a thorough look at your policy, and if you have any questions, call your insurance agent. It’s no fun poring through fine print, but that’s the only way to find out, for example, whether you’d have to replace damaged carpet yourself.

Do your homework to make sure you can weather a storm financially. © 2014 Orlando Sentinel 12 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

R U Ready? Start early to make sure your property is protected and properly insured. • Cut dead or loose limbs from nearby trees. • Remove any standing dead trees from your property. • Repair loose shingles, guttering, window shutters and fence boards • Take an inventory of your personal property. • Put together an emergency kit with non-perishable food and water for 3 days, a battery-operated radio and prescriptions medications. • If a storm is approaching, put outdoor items like lawn chairs, grills, or gardening tools in a safe place.

Review your insurance policies to ensure you have adequate protection and appropriate coverages. Homeowners, Farmowners, and Mobile Homeowners insurance policies do not cover loss from flooding, but most do cover wind damage, another common occurrence with a hurricane.

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H U R R I C A N E

dangers

Storm Surge is a dome of water often 50 to 100 miles wide that sweeps across the coastline along and to the right of where the eye makes landfall. In general, the stronger the winds, the higher the storm surge. If the hurricane makes landfall during high tide, the impact is even greater. Storm surge does not take into account wave height, which is added on the top of the storm surge, to produce even more destruction. High Winds The strongest winds usually occur on the right side of the eye of a hurricane. Hurricane force winds can destroy poorly constructed buildings and mobile homes. Locations well inland can still experience destructive wind damage. Debris and small items can become flying missiles in hurricanes. Flooding The intensity of the rainfall is not directly related to the strength of a tropical cyclone’s winds. The speed of movement is more important than the strength of the storm. Slow moving storms produce tremendous amounts of rainfall. Hurricane Floyd produced some of the worst flooding in 1999 leaving downtown Franklin underwater. Floods are long-term events and may last days, weeks or even longer! The National Weather Service issues flood watches well ahead of expected landfall. This is the time to make preparations, including planning an escape route if you live in a flood prone area and buying flood insurance.

Tornadoes Hurricanes can also produce tornadoes that add to the storm’s destructive power. Tornadoes most often occur in the right front quadrant of the storm, in the eye wall region, or in rain bands as much as 150 miles away eye. Remnants of tropical systems can also produce tornadoes days after making landfall. Many large tornado outbreaks are associated with hurricanes. In 2004, the remnants of Hurricane Ivan produced more than 100 tornadoes across the Southeast. There were five tornadoes across North Carolina more than a day after Ivan first made landfall on the Florida Gulf Coast. In 2004, about 40 tropical cyclone spawned tornadoes touched in North Carolina. Rip Currents Rip currents are powerful, channeled currents of water flowing away from the shore; swimmers are often caught up in them without even knowing what happened. They can be present on what appears to be a perfect day at the beach with bright, sunny skies and no hint of danger. Although a variety of factors can cause rip currents, hurricanes produce them due to a powerful ocean swell wave that their strong winds generate. The swell wave radiates outward from the center of the storm and can affect beaches thousands of miles away.

Most flooding deaths occur in automobiles. Avoid driving into flooded areas - remember the National Weather Service slogan,

“Turn Around, Don’t Drown.”

Adrin Snider/ Daily Press Photo

Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press — 15

With hurricanes, it only takes one hit by Jeff Stern

very year, forecasters predict how many tropical storms and hurricanes will impact the U.S.coastline during hurricane season, which runs June 1 through Nov. 30. This year, recent models have indicated a below average season because of a likely El Niño and unusual cooling of the tropical and subtropical Atlantic.

E

Your state and local emergency management professionals here in Virginia certainly hope those models are correct, but they are predictions, not facts. We treat every season the same—as an opportunity to improve our response and recovery capabilities and prepare our communities for whatever Mother Nature may bring. It only takes one hurricane or tropical storm to cause major damage and loss of life. After getting to know Lee, Irene, Isabel and Floyd during the past 15 years, Virginians are all too familiar with what can happen when tropical systems come our way. History teaches that hurricane awareness and preparation are common threads that can reduce the impact of hurricane disasters. Families, individuals and businesses who know their vulnerability and the actions to take can reduce the effects of a hurricane disaster. Much of Virginia has seen flooding already this year, and hurricane season is just beginning. MAKE PREPARATIONS NOW TO PROTECT YOUR FAMILY AND PROPERTY: ■ Talk to an insurance agent about flood insurance. Just one inch of water in a home or office can mean as much as $20,000 in cleanup and repairs, and most homeowner’s insurance policies do not cover flooding. There is usually a 30-day waiting period before coverage begins. If you rent, flood insurance

is available to cover personal belongings or business inventory. Go to www.floodsmart.gov or call 1-800-427-2419 for more information. ■ Download the free Ready Virginia app for iPhone and Android devices. Use the app to prepare for disasters and to stay informed during emergencies. Some of the features of the app include location-specific weather watches and warnings issued by the National Weather Service, a customizable emergency plan that can be easily shared with family and friends, and the latest disaster news on widespread emergencies from the Virginia Department of Emergency Management. ■ Build an emergency kit. Start with three days’ water and three days’ food that doesn’t need electricity or refrigeration. Then add a batterypowered and/or hand-crank radio with a weather band and extra batteries to hear information from local officials; flashlights and extra batteries; a first-aid kit and extra supply of medications; and special items for babies, older family members and pets. Get a checklist at www.ReadyVirginia.gov To learn more about preparing for hurricanes and other emergencies, visit www.ReadyVirginia.gov. A Spanish language version of Ready Virginia is available at www.ListoVirginia.gov. And remember, when it comes to hurricane season, it only takes one. Stern is the state coordinator of the Virginia Department of Emergency Management

16 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

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Storm Surge Map

The map uses color coding to show areas that are low-lying and may flood during a Category 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 storm. Mobile homes and trailers are especially vulnerable to high winds. If you live in one of these structures, you should evacuate regardless of the threat of flooding.

How to use a Storm Surge map Storm surge maps show the worstcase scenario based on thousands of computer model simulations. Use these maps to assess your risk of storm surge. If your area is highlighted, you are potentially vulnerable to the impacts from storm surge. Areas that are outside the impact area but close to the boundary should also be considered

vulnerable to storm surge. If you find that you live in an area at risk for storm surge, consider purchasing flood insurance. Homeowners and renters insurance policies do not cover flood damage. The only way to protect your property from the impacts of flooding is to purchase flood insurance for your home’s structure and contents.

For more detailed maps, visit: www.vaemergency.gov/readyvirginia/stay-informed/ hurricane/storm-surge Source: Virginia Department of Emergency Management 20 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

As we enter hurricane season once again, we want to stress the importance of having a set of emergency paperwork at your fingertips. If you find yourself under orders to evacuate, you should have an emergency paperwork kit that you can have at your disposal in a moment’s notice.

We recommend: 1. Last will and testament 2. Trust Paperwork 3. Social Security Card, Driver’s Licenses or other forms of identification 4. Cemetery Paperwork 5. DD 214 ( Military) 6. Family History Information 7. Physicians’ Information 8. Emergency Contact Information 9. Insurance Policies 10. Bank Account Information

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Weather threats are calmed by construction technology Meteorologists say that the continental United States has warmed by about 1.3oF over the last 100 years – and even for those who still question the science of climate change, the increased frequency and severity of high-wind storms, fires, floods and drought, has become a major safety concern. Damage to municipal infrastructure similar to that of Hurricane Sandy last fall, when two massive wind and rain systems collided, is anticipated if the trend continues. After that storm, the damage to homes, buildings, and businesses in New Jersey alone was estimated at more than $65 billion. “Stronger, more durable techniques are being applied right now,” says Todd Blyth at Nudura, referring to the switch from wood framing to the insulated concrete form, or ICF. “The latest homeconstruction technology is able to lower energy costs and protect occupants from wind and fire damage at the same time. The standard wood frame used in buildings can now be replaced by a system using concrete. In addition to cost and safety benefits, this ICF technology gives homeowners an improved indoor environment as well.” If you choose to build your house with reinforced concrete instead of wood, you will get far greater impact resistance, says Blyth, noting the ability of reinforced concrete to withstand hurricanestrength winds. “The ICF system interlocks, like Lego, to create one super-strong wall with concrete thicknesses ranging from 4 to 12 inches, all of which also provides superior fire protection, sound resistance, temperature control and additional occupant comforts. Better still, this type of insulation and durability can save you up to 70 percent on your energy bills. You get a much stronger and more enjoyable home.”

The benefits are in the details, as follows: Rock Solid Walls: With the growing concern of weather extremes, Nudura’s ICF testing demonstrates hurricane and tornado impact resistance up to 250 miles per hour. Concrete is more structurally sound during floods as well, and the fire protection rating is up to 4 hours. Lower Fuel Costs: ICF walls reduce the air infiltration common in wood walls, leading to significantly improved energy performance. By combining two panels of thick (EPS) foam with the structural strength and thermal mass of concrete, the walls can provide an efficiency rating as high as R-50 (compared to an average R-20 in wood structures), saving you up to 70 percent on energy bills. Indoor Comfort: ICF walls deliver even temperatures throughout your house, and eliminate cold air seepage, causing chilly spots. Mold, mildew, and toxins associated with wood structures are also eliminated. Peace & Quiet: Inside, the walls give you an effective sound barrier, as concrete dampens the vibrations of outside noise such as the drone of traffic. Beauty: With concrete at the core, you can add beautiful finishes like stone, brick, siding or stucco and you can design with innovative architectural shapes, such as arches, bay windows, and any door style making your home look like any other. Incremental value: When you put a house on the market that is stronger, safer and less costly to heat, cool and repair, you can ask nothing but a premium price. Since the ICF system discards wood framing altogether, it is a method that must be chosen before construction begins, says Blyth. More information is available online at www.nudura.com. -Metro Services

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PUERTO RICO

San Juan

Example: Read west to 65.0° west. Read north to 18.0° north.

LEEWARD ISLANDS

Arthur Bertha Cristobal Dolly Edouard Fay Gonzalo Hanna Isaias Josephine Kyle Laura Marco Nana Omar Paulette Rene Sally Teddy Vicky Wilfred U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS

! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

2014

Storm Names

BERMUDA

Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press — 2

200

Scale of statute miles

HAITI

Atlantic Ocean

Cape Hatteras

Atlantic City

THE BAHAMAS

Caribbean Sea

JAMAICA Jamaica

CUBA

Myrtle Beach

Wilmington

Newport News

Washington, D.C.

When you receive a hurricane advisory, note the center position, intensity, barometric pressure (if given) and forecast direction and movement. Then mark the center position on the tracking chart. Because hurricanes change direction very quickly, you should listen more carefully to where the storm will go, rather than where it has been.

Cancun Hurricanes originate as tropical Veracruz North storms America from either Atlantic Africa the Gulf of Ocean Mexico or the west coast of Gulf of Africa. South America Mexico

Gulf of Mexico

New Orleans

Mobile

See bottom right of the chart for an example of how to plot a storm from a position given in latitude and longitude.

Positions are given by latitude and longitude. When the storm moves within radar range, the center position might also be given in statute miles and compass direction from a specified point.

Hurricane advisories are issued at six-hour intervals – at midnight, 6 a.m., noon and 6 p.m. Each message gives the name, center (eye) position, intensity and forecast movement of the storm.

Hurricane tracking chart

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26 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

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Power Outage CHECKLIST Energy Conservation Recommendations

❏ Turn off lights and computers when not in use. ❏ Wash clothes in cold water if possible; wash only full loads and clean the dryer’s lint trap after each use. ❏ When using a dishwasher, wash full loads and use the light cycle. If possible, use the rinse only cycle and turn off the high temperature rinse option.When the regular wash cycle is done, just open the dishwasher door to allow the dishes to air dry. ❏ Replace incandescent light bulbs with energy-efficient compact fluorescent lights.

How do I prepare for a power outage? To help preserve your food, keep the following supplies in your home: ❏ One or more coolers—Inexpensive Styrofoam coolers work well. ❏ Ice—Surrounding your food with ice in a cooler or in the refrigerator will keep food colder for a longer period of time during a prolonged power outage. ❏ A digital quick-response thermometer— With these thermometers you can quickly check the internal temperatures of food to ensure they are cold enough to use safely. Put together an emergency preparedness kit with these supplies in case of a prolonged or widespread power outage: • Water—one gallon per person, per day (3- day supply for evacuation, 2-week supply for home) • Food—non-perishable, easy-to-prepare items (3-day supply for evacuation, 2-week supply for home) • Flashlight (NOTE: Do not use candles during a power outage due to the extreme risk of fire.) • Battery-powered or hand-crank radio (NOAA Weather Radio, if possible) • Extra batteries • First aid kit • Medications (7-day supply) and medical items • Multi-purpose

Sudden power outages can be frustrating and troublesome, especially when they last a long time. If a power outage is 2 hours or less, you need not be concerned about losing your perishable foods. For prolonged power outages, though, there are steps you can take to minimize food loss and to keep all members of your household as comfortable as possible.

tool • Sanitation and personal hygiene items • Copies of personal documents (medication list and pertinent medical information, deed/lease to home, birth certificates, insurance policies) • Cell phone with chargers • Family and emergency contact information • Extra cash ❏ If someone in your home is dependent on electric-powered, life-sustaining equipment, remember to include backup power in your evacuation plan. ❏ Keep a non-cordless telephone in your home. It is likely to work even when the power is out. ❏ Keep your car’s gas tank full.

What should I do during a power outage? Keep food as safe as possible. ❏ Keep refrigerator and freezer doors closed as much as possible. First use perishable food from the refrigerator. An unopened refrigerator will keep foods cold for about 4 hours. ❏ Then use food from the freezer. A full freezer will keep the temperature for about 48 hours (24 hours if it is half full) if the door remains closed. ❏ Use your non-perishable foods and staples after using food from the refrigerator and freezer. ❏ If it looks like the power outage will continue beyond a day, prepare a cooler with ice for your freezer items. ❏ Keep food in a dry, cool spot and keep it covered at all times.

28 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

Electrical equipment ❏ Turn off and unplug all unnecessary electrical equipment, including sensitive electronics. ❏ Turn off or disconnect any appliances (like stoves), equipment or electronics you were using when the power went out. When power comes back on, surges or spikes can damage equipment. ❏ Leave one light turned on so you’ll know when the power comes back on. ❏ Eliminate unnecessary travel, especially by car. Traffic lights will be out and roads will be congested. Using generators safely ❏ When using a portable generator, connect the equipment you want to power directly to the outlets on the generator. Do not connect a portable generator to a home’s electrical system. ❏ If you are considering getting a generator, get advice from a professional, such as an electrician. Make sure that the generator you purchase is rated for the power that you think you will need.

What should I do when the power comes back on? ❏ Do not touch any electrical power lines and keep your family away from them. Report downed power lines to the appropriate officials in your area.

Throw out unsafe food. ❏ Throw away any food that has been exposed to temperatures 40° F (4° C) for 2 hours or more or that has an unusual odor, color or texture.When in doubt, throw it out! ❏ Never taste food or rely on appearance or odor to determine its safety. Some foods may look and smell fine, but if they have been at room temperature too long, bacteria causing food-borne illnesses can start growing quickly. Some types of bacteria produce toxins that cannot be destroyed by cooking. ❏ If food in the freezer is colder than 40° F and has ice crystals on it, you can refreeze it. ❏ If you are not sure food is cold enough, take its temperature with the food thermometer. Throw out any foods (meat, poultry, fish, eggs and leftovers) that have been exposed to temperatures higher than 40° F (4° C) for 2 hours or more, and any food that has an unusual odor, color or texture, or feels warm to touch. Caution: Carbon Monoxide Kills ❏ Never use a generator, grill, camp stove or other gasoline, propane, natural gas or charcoal-burning devices inside a home, garage, basement, crawlspace or any partially enclosed area. Locate unit away from doors, windows and vents that could allow carbon monoxide to come indoors. ❏ The primary hazards to avoid when using alternate sources for electricity, heating or cooking are carbon monoxide poisoning, electric shock and fire. ❏ Install carbon monoxide alarms in central locations on every level of your home and outside sleeping areas to provide early warning of accumulating carbon monoxide. ❏ If the carbon monoxide alarm sounds, move quickly to a fresh air location outdoors or by an open window or door. ❏ Call for help from the fresh air location and remain there until emergency personnel arrive to assist you.

Let Your Family Know You’re Safe If your community experiences a disaster, register on the American Red Cross Safe and Well Website available through RedCross.org to let your family and friends know about your welfare. If you don’t have Internet access, call 1-866-GET-INFO to register yourself and your family.

For more information on disaster and emergency preparedness, visit RedCross.org

Copyright © 2009 by the American National Red Cross Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press — 29

STOP BE PREPARED Put This Number in Your Phone or Safe Place NOW

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Before the storm hits • Stock at least three days’ food that doesn’t need refrigeration • Store at least three days’ water for your family (a gallon per person per day) • Get a battery-powered and/or hand-crank radio and extra batteries • Consider buying a portable power source for mobile devices

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GET PREPARED. STAY INFORMED. WWW.DPSTORMCENTER.COM

Important Contact Info National Flood Insurance Program 1-800-427-2419 www.FloodSmart.gov Road Closures and Traffic Conditions Dial 511 www.511Virginia.org www.VirginiaDOT.org/ hurricanes 1-800-367-7623 (VDOT) Public radio station WCVE 88.9 FM East of Williamsburg 89.1 FM on the Middle Peninsula 90.1 FM East of 95 along the Va/NC border Richmond Metropolitan Convention & Visitors Bureau Hotline to find lodging in the Richmond area 1-800-370-9004 1-804-782-277 Emergency Planning To plan for your pets: www.virginiasart.org To plan for your family: www.ReadyVirginia.gov

Joe Fudge / Daily Press Photo

The Hampton Roads Medical Registry www.hrspecialneeds.org 1-757-420-8300 specialneeds@hrpdcva.gov

Additional Information: Virginia Department of Emergency Management www.VaEmergency.gov 1-866-782-3470 American Red Cross 1-800-733-2767 www.RedCross.org Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) www.fema.gov www.fema.gov/hazard/hurricane www.fema.govkids

32 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

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Hurricane Categories Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale Category 1 74-95 mph Very dangerous winds will produce some damage: Wellconstructed frame homes could have damage to roof, shingles, vinyl siding and gutters. Large branches of trees will snap and shallowly rooted trees may be toppled. Extensive damage to power lines and poles likely will result in power outages that could last a few to several days. Category 2 96-110 mph Extremely dangerous winds will cause extensive damage: Well-constructed frame homes could sustain major roof and siding damage. Many shallowly rooted trees will be snapped or uprooted and block numerous roads. Near-total power loss is expected with outages that could last from several days to weeks. Category 3 (major) 111-129 mph Devastating damage will occur: Well-built framed homes may incur major damage or removal of roof decking and gable ends. Many trees will be snapped or uprooted, blocking numerous roads. Electricity and water will be unavailable for several days to weeks after the storm passes. Category 4 (major) 130-156 mph Catastrophic damage will occur: Well-built framed homes can sustain severe damage with loss of most of the roof structure and/or some exterior walls. Most trees will be snapped or uprooted and power poles downed. Fallen trees and power poles will isolate residential areas. Power outages will last weeks to possibly months. Most of the area will be uninhabitable for weeks or months. Category 5 (major) 157 mph or higher Catastrophic damage will occur: A high percentage of framed homes will be destroyed, with total roof failure and wall collapse. Fallen trees and power poles will isolate residential areas. Power outages will last for weeks to possibly months. Most of the area will be uninhabitable for weeks or months. Sources: National Hurricane Center and Virginia Department of Emergency Management 34 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

BEFORE & AFTER THE STORM …we have every thing you need! We are open…even when the power’s out!! • Window & Door Repair • Glass & Plexiglass • Electrical Supplies • Lawn & Garden Supplies • Batteries • Screens & Screen Repair • Flashlights • Plumbing Parts • Oil & Oil Lamps • Much, much more! • Tarps & Roof Cement

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How to handle hurricanes’ utility and service outages After a big storm, expect utilities and services to be disrupted. Here’s what you need to know: Debris — Pile debris as neatly and as close to the street as you can. But if you can’t identify it, don’t touch it. Keep debris from piling up around utility poles; repairs may be delayed Adrin Snider/ Daily Press Photo if pathways are impeded. Take care in handling debris; wear thick gloves, boots and goggles. Try to avoid using a chain saw unless you are experienced using one. Cable — Your cable TV service will be out as long as you have no power. If cable service is not restored once power is back on, call your cable company. Garbage —Call your local trash hauler to find out when pickup will resume. Meanwhile, double-bag all garbage in plastic bags and keep the bags in covered containers. Bag or box items such as broken parts of windows, doors and mirrors separately for safe handling. Spray the insides of the containers with insect repellent to control pests. If the smell becomes unbearable, find a neighbor with a pickup truck who can haul the

garbage to a central collection point. Or, ask a hurricane volunteer from outside the area to take a few sacks of trash back home. Natural gas —Avoid open flames and sparks, and call the fire department or your gas company if you smell or suspect leaking gas. Phones — Call your local phone company to report problems and schedule repairs. Be patient; it may take a while. Cordless phones won’t work if the electricity is off, so it’s a good idea to keep a corded phone in your home. It will work in the event power is out but phone lines are open. Cell phones — Cell-phone service can be spotty after a storm. However, text messages often go through even when voice connections can’t be made.

© 2014 Tribune Newspapers

36 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

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Nick’s Lawn Equipment 8231 Richmond Rd, Toano, VA 23168 757-250-3361 www.nickslawnequipment.com Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press — 37

TERMS Familiarize yourself with these terms to help identify a hurricane hazard: Tropical Cyclone: A warm-core nonfrontal synoptic-scale cyclone, originating over tropical or subtropical waters, with organized deep convection and a closed surface wind circulation about a welldefined center. Once formed, a tropical cyclone is maintained by the extraction of heat energy from the ocean at high temperature and heat export at the low temperatures of the upper troposphere. Tropical Depression: A tropical cyclone in which the maximum sustained surface wind speed (using the U.S. 1-minute average) is 38 mph (33 knots) or less. Tropical Storm: A tropical cyclone in which the maximum sustained surface wind speed (using the U.S. 1-minute average) ranges from 39 mph (34 knots) to 73 mph (63 knots). Hurricane: A tropical cyclone in which the maximum sustained surface wind (using the U.S. 1-minute average) is 74 mph (64 knots) or more. Storm Surge: An abnormal rise in sea level accompanying a hurricane or other intense storm, and whose height is the difference between the observed level of the sea surface and the level that would have occurred in the absence of the cyclone. Storm surge is usually estimated by subtracting the normal or astronomic high tide from the observed storm tide. Storm surge can reach heights well over 20 feet and can span hundreds of miles of coastline.

Storm Tide: The actual level of sea water resulting from the astronomic tide combined with the storm surge. Hurricane Warning: An announcement that hurricane conditions (sustained winds of 74 mph or higher) are expected somewhere within the specified area. Because hurricane preparedness activities become difficult once winds reach tropical storm force, the hurricane warning is issued 36 hours in advance of the anticipated onset of tropical-storm-force winds. Hurricane Watch: An announcement that hurricane conditions (sustained winds of 74 mph or higher) are possible within the specified area. Because hurricane preparedness activities become difficult once winds reach tropical storm force, the hurricane watch is issued 48 hours in advance of the anticipated onset of tropical-storm-force winds. Tropical Storm Warning: An announcement that tropical storm conditions (sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph) are expected somewhere within the specified area within 36 hours. Tropical Storm Watch: An announcement that tropical storm conditions (sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph) are possible within the specified area within 48 hours. Short Term Watches and Warnings: These watches/warnings provide detailed information about specific hurricane threats, such as flash floods and tornadoes.

38 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

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40 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

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SPCA: Make Plans Now To Protect Your Pet During Hurricanes, Storms

The Peninsula SPCA urges pet owners to include pets in hurricane season preparations. Hurricanes are nothing new to the Virginia Peninsula and can be expected each year from June to the end of November. However, pet owners need to take these necessary steps, also found on humanesociety.org, to properly protect their pets during nature’s disasters.

By Leslie Magner

START GETTING READY NOW • Make sure your pet is wearing an up-to-date and visible ID tag. • You’ll increase your chances of being re-united with your pet by having him or her microchipped. Microchips are tiny transponders inserted between the shoulder blades that use radio frequency waves to transmit crucial identification information about your pet. Call your local veterinarian for more information. • List your cell phone number on your pet’s ID tag.

PUT TOGETHER A SAFETY KIT • Gather food and water for at least five days for each animal. Keep an extra gallon of water for your pets, bowls and manual can openers. • Medications, all medical records and a pet first aid kit. • Clean up after your pet. Pack cat boxes, litter scoops, litter and poop bags to keep all areas free of waste. This also decreases chances of spreading potential illness. 42 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

• Transport pets safely using sturdy leashes and carriers. Carriers should be big enough for pets to stand, turn and rest comfortably for hours. Bring blankets and toys for comfort. • Bring a picture of you with your pet for proper identification. • Written information about your pet’s feeding schedules, medical conditions, and behavior issues along with the name and number of your veterinarian in case you have to board your pets or place them in foster care.

FIND A SAFE PLACE TO STAY • Call the local Department of Emergency Management office for evacuation plans and pet-friendly shelters.

• Contact hotels and motels outside the immediate area to find out if they accept pets. Ask about any restrictions on the number, size and species. Inquire if the “no pet” policies would be waived in an emergency. Keep a list of animalfriendly places handy, and call ahead for a reservation as soon as you think you might have to leave your home. • Make arrangements to stay with friends or family out of town with your pet. • Organize a list of boarding kennels or veterinarian offices to shelter your pet in case of emergency. • Establish an emergency care plan with a friend or neighbor to keep your pet safe if a disaster strikes while you are out of town or unreachable. Magner is community outreach coordinator for the Peninsula SPCA.

DISASTER RULES Here are two easy rules to follow in the event of a disaster. Disaster rule one: If it is not safe for you, it’s not safe for your pet. Pets are easily disoriented, scared and endangered during natural disasters. Animals left behind are easily injured, lost and killed by deadly debris, starvation or predators. Disaster rule two: Don’t wait to evacuate. Those who wait for official evacuation orders risk being forced to leave their pets behind. If you stay home, be careful and keep your pets with you at all times.

Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press — 43

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44 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

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Exit 242

Exit 247

r ve Ri es m Ja

JamestownScotland Ferry

Scotland

Exit 255

17

POQUOSON

10 40

SURRY

NEWPORT NEWS

Bacon’s Castle

31

averly

64

SMITHFIELD

460

ISLE OF WIGHT

Ivor

WEST WEST

58

564

L NE UN E-T DG I R

2

3

A

60

Exit 276

NORFOLK PORTSMOUTH Driver 664

264

58 58 460

60 Exit 14 & 284

264

Exit 6 &8

Exit 22

Exit 17

464

1

HURRICANE EVACUATION ROUTES REFERENCE GUIDE Walters Princess ESSEX

64

Exit 273

4

Benn’s Church

Windsor

OUTHAMPTON

Fort Monroe Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel Willoughby Spit

17 258

Chuckatuck

Zuni

HAMPTON Exit 1 & 264

South Bay

Kiptopeke

60

James River Bridge

10

13

Bridge

B

31

Cape 184 Charles

GLOUCESTER POINT Coleman

YORK

Cobb Isla Bay

CHESA PEA KE BA Y

199

WILLIAMSBURG

Spring Grove

RTH

r ve Ri rk Yo

Exit 238

JAMES CITY

5

1

Exit 234

Toano

Y

14

NO

17

Exit 231

60

WEST WEST

66458 SOUTH SOUTH Holland

17

58

NORTH

WEST

60

460 WEST

14

10 WEST

Anne

165

201

1. All Eastern Shore residents residents should should use use Route Route 13 13 Northbound Northbound toward toward Salisbury, Salisbury, Md. Md. 2. Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel Bridge-Tunnel isis NOT NOT aa designated designated Hurricane Hurricane Evacuation Evacuation Route Route

VIRGINIA BEACH

200

3. Entrance to I-64 reversed reversed lanes lanes

r ve Ri ck no an ah pp Ra

13 NORTH

WEST

Exit 1

& 299 NORTHUMBERLAND

ICHMOND RICHMOND

264 360

Exit 13

LANCASTER

3

4. Northbound lanes of of Monitor-Merrimac Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Memorial Bridge-Tunnel Bridge-Tunnel will close at Exit 8 354 (College (College Drive) Drive) during during an an I-64 I-64 lane lane reversal reversal 17

Direction of traffic

Evacuation Routes Newport News residents will use Route 143 west ( Jefferson Avenue) or Route 60 (Warwick Boulevard) through Williamsburg via Route 162, Route 143, Route 132 then to Route 60 towards Richmond. Hampton individuals residing in the area of King Street and north of Pembroke Avenue will use I-64 toward Richmond. ■ Individuals residing east of King Street and south of Pembroke Avenue (including Fort Monroe) will use Mercury Boulevard to the James River Bridge to Route 258/32 in Isle of Wight County or Route 60 west. ■ Individuals residing north of Mercury Blvd. between King Street and Armistead Avenue (in the vicinity of Langley Air Force Base) will take Armistead Avenue to Magruder Boulevard and use Route 17 north toward Gloucester County. ■ Langley AFB will be evacuated out of the west gate toward Magruder Boulevard

- South to I-64 east to Mercury Boulevard to the James River Bridge. Individuals will follow that route to their evacuation assembly area at Fort Pickett Army Barracks. Poquoson and York County residents will use Route 17 north toward Gloucester County. Residents also may use Victory Boulevard to I-64 west toward Richmond. Portsmouth individuals residing north of I-264 will use Route 17 north to Route 258/32 south in Isle of Wight County; Route 337 west and I-664 north to Route 17 north, then to Route 10 west toward Smithfield. ■ Individuals residing south of I-264 will use Airline Boulevard to Route 58/460 west toward Suffolk. Chesapeake residents will use I-64, I-264, I-464 or I-664 to Route 58-460 toward Suffolk.

Suffolk residents north of Route 125 will use Route 17 north, to Route 258/32 to Route 10 west toward Smithfield. Norfolk individuals residing east of I-64 (outside of interstate loop) will use I-64 west toward Richmond. ■ Individuals residing west of I-64 (inside the interstate loop) will use I-64 toward Suffolk. Virginia Beach individuals residing south of I-264 and along the ocean front will use I-64 towards Suffolk. ■ Individuals residing north of I-264 will use I-64 West toward Richmond. Outer Banks residents should use U.S. 64 west toward Columbia, Williamston and Rocky Mount or U.S. 158 North to Elizabeth City. Avoid the flood-prone U. Source: VDOT Evacuation Guide

46 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press

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Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press — 47

12 WAYS YOU CAN PREPARE

FOR A HURRICANE: IF YOU LIVE IN AN AREA THAT MAY BE AFFECTED BY A HURRICANE OR SEVERE STORM, THE KEY TO REMAINING SAFE IS PROPER PLANNING.

1.

Update your Dominion account phone number at dom.com or call 1-800-222-0401. This will help you quickly report an outage if your lights go out. Be sure to have your account information on hand when you call.

2.

Stock up on non-perishable food, medicine, baby supplies and pet food.

3.

Have at least 3 gallons of fresh water per person on hand.

4.

Make sure you have a battery-operated radio, multiple flashlights and a battery-operated clock and fan along with extra batteries.

5.

Post a list of contents on your freezer door to minimize the number of times you open it.

6.

Monitor official weather bulletins.

7.

Keep extra cash on hand; automatic teller machines or banks don’t operate without power.

8.

Review evacuation routes.

9.

If you have pets, make sure you have provided for them as well.

10. Keep your vehicle’s fuel tank full. 11. If a family member uses life-sustaining medical equipment,

review emergency plans and make arrangements to relocate if necessary.

12. If you lose power, turn off major appliances such as heat pumps, water heaters and stoves. Unplug other appliances such as TVs, stereos, microwaves and computers. This will prevent damage to appliances and possible overloads to the company’s system when power is restored.

For more tips on hurricane and severe storm preparations, visit our website at dom.com/stormpreparation. To report an outage call 1-866-366-4357 48 — Hurricane Storm Guide 2014 • An advertising supplement to the Daily Press


Daily Press Storm Guide