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dorothy johns

o2 0


o 20

question manifesto ideogram

analysis documentation shadow study

diagrammatic representation modeling research thesis extraction

derivation of form systems in situ shadow study

site plan concourse plan podium plans typical office floor plans mechanical layouts roof plan

M A N IF E S TO

SITE

DESIGN DEV ELOPM EN T

M ASSIN G

C R IT IC AL PLAN S

P R O G R A MMI N G

4-7

8 - 15

16 - 17

18 - 21

22 - 45

46 - 47

plan summary gross floor area net floor area efficiency comparison


envelope structure total

highlighting depth of light penetration in winter gardens

details section and plans interior elevations component details perspective section

envelope details axonometrics envelope detail model

exterior interior night/day

C O S T IN G

ELEVATIONS

SITE SECTIONS

W IN T ER GAR D EN

D ETAILS

R EN D ER S

CONCLUSION

48 - 49

50 - 53

54 - 55

56 - 67

68 - 79

80 - 85

86 - 87


o 20 MANIFESTO

Ho w ca n

c r e a tiv e

clie n te le b e a ttracted to, and supported by, the

cor por ate

core?

In ve stin g in in n o va tio n a n d co lla b orati on w i l l create the most rew ardi ng j obs, the strongest e co n o m ie s, a n d th e b e st q u a lity o f l i fe. Attr a ctin g cr e a tive clie n te le in to the corporate core w i l l create an ecosystem of know l edge and ca ta lyze a m a r ke t tr a n sfo r m a tio n leadi ng to a sustai nabl e, future-proof offi ce.

4


5


o 20

6


7


o 20 SITE

8


9


o 20 SITE

T he co r p o r a te co r e o f To r o n to is home to m a n y of Ca n a d a ’s ta lle st o ffice to we r s, a nd boasts a f a s t - p a ce d u r b a n e n vir o n m e n t. T h e p r o posal for t h e O ffice o f th e F u tu r e m u st n o t o n ly e ffecti vel y a n d e co n o m ica lly m a in ta in th e p o sitive attri butes o f c u r r en t o ffice to we r s, b u t m u st o ffe r somethi ng more. T hr o u g h b o th q u a lita tive a n d q u anti tati ve r e s e a r ch , th e d e sig n p r o p o sa l fo r Office 2020 w i l l c r e a t i ve ly in co r p o r a te a m ix o f b o th successful t r a d i t i o n a l o ffice p r in cip le s a n d u n iq u e desi gn s t r a t e gie s to cr e a te th e u ltim a te so lu tio n i n terms o f b o t h fu n ctio n a n d su sta in a b ility.

10


0

100

200

500

11


o 20 SITE

R a p id ly in cr e a sin g u r b a n d e n sity cr eates the d e m a n d fo r h ig h e r to we r s, with g r e a te r economi c a n d e n vir o n m e n ta lly co n scio u s m a ssin g , s tructure a n d e n ve lo p e . L o ca te d to wa r d s th e Ea ste r n e xtr e mi ti es of t h e C o rp o r a te Co r e , th e Office o f th e F u ture must r e s p o n d to th e d e m a n d s o f th e b u sin e ss di stri ct w h i l e also ta kin g a d va n ta g e o f th e p o tenti al to d e v e l o p a n d r e vita lize th e a r e a Ea st o f Bay S treet. T he co n n e ctio n o f th is site to th e PATH al so b e c o m e s a n im p o r ta n t d e sig n co n sid e rati on as w a l k a b ility a n d h u m a n sca le a r e in te g r a l i n to the d e s i g n o f th e Office o f th e F u tu r e .

12


200m 6m 25s

550m

1300m

Average Time Travelled

Average Distance Travelled

Longest Distance Travelled

13


o 20 SITE

9am

4pm

June

SHADOW STUDY 14

Sept

Dec


[ N O L L I M A P ] I N D I C AT I N G H E I G H T S O F S U R R O U N D I N G B U I L D I N G S 15


o 20 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

16


Grid and System Integration

C o rp o rat e Support Venture Capatalist Corporations Collaborative Spaces

C re a tive Client ele Small Start-Up Businesses

Vertica l Green Spaces Integrated Sustainability and Collaborative Amenities

Stair Culture

Parti

17


o 20 MASSING

ria

to Vic

Ki

ng

18

St

t

ee

Str

ria

to Vic

Ki

ng

re

et

t

ee

Str

ria

to Vic

Ki

St

ng

re

et

St

t

ee

Str

re

et

C O R P O R AT E C O R E HIGH DENSITY A D J A C E N T PA R K C I R C U L AT I O N N E T W O R K A N D PA R K I N G B E L O W G R A D E

STRUCTURAL AND SERVICING PA R T Y WA L L M A X I M U M F R O N TA G E PUBLIC INTERACTION

HIGH DENSITY FEASIBLE REGULAR GRID M A I N TA I N C O R P O R AT E C H A R A C T E R

[1] SITE

[2] GRID AND CORE

[3] MASSING


Ki

ng

St

et

tre

ia S

tor Vic

Ki

ng

re

et

CONNECTED COMMUNITIES INTEREST POSSIBILITY C O L L A B O R AT I O N MUTURAL DEPENDENCY GIVING BACK TO THE COMMUNITY

[ 4 ] I N T E G R AT E D

COMMUNITIES

et

tre

ia S

tor Vic

ria

to Vic

Ki

St

ng

re

et

St

t

ee

Str

re

et

PRIVILEDGED VIEWS N AT U R A L L I G H T P E N E T R AT I O N EXPRESSING INTERIOR PROGRAMMING

INCREASED FLOOR AREA P H Y S I C A L LY J O I N E D C O M M U N I T I E S FURTHER BRANDING THE OFFICE WITHIN T H E C O R P O R AT E C O R E

[ 5 ] P R E L I M I N A RY FA C A D E

[6] ADDED HEIGHT AND COHESION 19


o 20 MASSING

V E R T I C A L PA R K S INTERIOR ADDRESSES C O R P O R AT E I D E N T I T Y S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y

[ 7 ] I N T E G R AT I O N O F W I N T E R G A R D E N S 20


et

tre

aS

i tor Vic

Ki

ng

St

Ki

ng

re

et

ria

to Vic

Ki

ng

St

Ki

ng

re

et

[ 8 ] U R B A N L A N D S C A P E F E AT U R E S

Ki

ng

re

et

St

et

tre

ia S

tor Vic

ng

et

St

et

t

re

V E R T I C A L B O U L E VA R D S GREEN WALLS AIR QUALITY S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y C O L L A B O R AT I O N

re

ee

Str

Ki

St

St

re

et

S Y S T E M S I N T E G R AT I O N F E E D G R E E N W AreeLt L S t aS A I R QictU ori A L I T Y V S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y

COLLECTION C R E AT I N G I N T E R I O R PA R K S

[ 8 ] R A I N WAT E R C O L L E C T I O N

[9] STRUCTURAL RESOLUTION 21


o 20 CRITICAL PLANS A

1

2

3

5

Bay

Stre

et

4

6

SITE PLAN

0

1 2

5

7

22 8


I

o

m Rich

H

et

tre nd S

G

3500

F

1560

E

B

D

7200

C B

7200

7200

9% Slop

e

7200

7200

A 7200

7200

1560

A

7900

e

p Tem

1560 7200

t

tree

eS ranc

7200 7200 7200

B

9200

7200 7200 7200 7200 4750

Site 0 1 2

5

23


o 20 CRITICAL PLANS

R E S TA U R A N T

S P R I N K L E R S U P P LY P I P E

C I R C U L AT I O N

SPRINKLER

WASHROOMS

LIGHTING

MECHANICAL

MECHANICAL BULKHEAD

A

B

C

E

F

G

H

I

A

1

1

2

2

3

3

4

4

5

5

6

6

7

7

8

8

GROUND FLOOR 24

D

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

0

5

10

20


A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

25


o 20 CRITICAL PLANS

CAFETERIA

S P R I N K L E R S U P P LY P I P E

C I R C U L AT I O N

SPRINKLER

WASHROOMS

LIGHTING

MECHANICAL A

1

AB

BC

MECHANICAL BULKHEAD CD

DE

GH

FG

EF

HI

I

A

1 LV A amplifier

Battery

1

2

2

3

3

TransformerMV MV Consumer Utility

Installation Shaft

MV Consumer

Transformer

3

4

4

4

4

5

5

5

5

6

6

6

6

7

Concourse Cafeteria

8

EF

FG

GH

HI

I

Mech.

Mech.

Mech.

PATH

PATH

PATH 7

7

8

8

PATH

Concourse Cafeteria

8

CONCOURSE PLAN 26

DE

MV Utility

3

7

CD

Battery

2

Mech.

BC

LV A amplifier

Installation Shaft

2

1

AB

0

5

10

20


A A

B B

C C

D D

E E

H H

G G

F F

I I

1 1 LV A amplifier LV A amplifier Battery Battery

2 2

Transformer Transformer

MV Utility MV Utility

Installation Installation Shaft Shaft

MV Consumer MV Consumer

3 3

4 4

6 6

9% Slope

5 5

PATH PATH

7 7

8 8

27


o 20 CRITICAL PLANS

H E A LT H & F I T N E S S

A

CHANGEROOMS

S P R I N K L E R S U P P LY P I P E

C I R C U L AT I O N

SPRINKLER

WASHROOMS

LIGHTING

MECHANICAL

MECHANICAL BULKHEAD

B

A

C

B

D

C

E

D

F

E

G

F

H

G

I

H

1

1

2

2

2

3

3

3

4

4

4

5

5

6

6

6

7

7

7

8

8

1 Fitness Class Rooms

Female Changeroom

Female Changeroom

Reception

Reception

Male Changeroom

Male Changeroom

Aerobics and Weights

B

A

C

B

D

C

E

D

F

E

G

F

H

G

I

H

I

Fitness Class Rooms

5

Seating Lobby

Seating Lobby

Aerobics and Weights

8

P O D I U M L E V E L 2 | H E A LT H A N D F I T N E S S 28

A

I

0

5

10

20


A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

1 Fitness Class Rooms

2

3

4

5 Reception

Female Changeroom

Male Changeroom

Seating Lobby

6

7

Aerobics and Weights

8

29


o 20 CRITICAL PLANS CONFERENCE MEETING ROOMS STORAGE CHANGEROOMS

S P R I N K L E R S U P P LY P I P E

C I R C U L AT I O N

SPRINKLER

WASHROOMS

LIGHTING

MECHANICAL

MECHANICAL BULKHEAD A

A

1

A

B

B

C

C

D

D

E

E

F

F

1

G

G

H

H

I

A

B

B

C

C

D

D

E

E

F

F

G

G

H

H

I

I

I

1

1

Meeting Rooms Meeting Rooms and Staff Offices and Staff Offices

2

2

2

2

3

3

3

3

Storage Storage

4

4

4

4

5

5

5

5

6

6

6

6

7

7

7

7

8

8

Conference Conference Space Space

8

8

PODIUM LEVEL 3 | CONFERENCE 30

0

5

10

20


A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

1 Meeting Rooms and Staff Offices

2

3

Storage

4

5

6

7

Conference Space

8

31


o 20 CRITICAL PLANS

OFFICE PA R K

S P R I N K L E R S U P P LY P I P E

C I R C U L AT I O N

SPRINKLER

WASHROOMS

LIGHTING

MECHANICAL

MECHANICAL BULKHEAD

D

E

F

H

I

D

1

1

2

2

3

3

4

4

5

5

6

6

Mech.

E

F

G

H

I

Mech.

7

7

8

8

LEVELS 4 - 8 32

G

| PA R K A

0

5

10

20


D

E

H

G

F

I

2400

1

7200

2

7200

3

7200

4

7200

5

7200

6

7200

7

7200

UP

UP

UP

8 1200

2400

7200

7200

7200

7200

7200

1200

33


o 20 CRITICAL PLANS

OFFICE PA R K

S P R I N K L E R S U P P LY P I P E

C I R C U L AT I O N

SPRINKLER

WASHROOMS

LIGHTING

MECHANICAL

MECHANICAL BULKHEAD

D

E

D

F

F

H

G

I

H

D

I

E

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

2

3

3

3

3

4

4

4

4

5

5

5

5

6

6

6

6

Mech.

Mech.

Mech.

D

F

E

G

F

H

G

I

H

I

Mech.

7

7

7

7

8

8

8

8

LEVELS 16 - 19 34

G

E

| PA R K S B & C

0

5

10

20


D

E

H

G

F

I

2400

1 UP

7200

2 UP

UP

7200

3

7200

4

7200

5

7200

6

7200

UP

UP

7

7200

UP

8 2400

winter garden detail 1200

7200

7200

7200

7200

7200

2400

35


o 20 CRITICAL PLANS

OFFICE PA R K

S P R I N K L E R S U P P LY P I P E

C I R C U L AT I O N

SPRINKLER

WASHROOMS

LIGHTING

MECHANICAL

MECHANICAL BULKHEAD

D

E

D

F

E

F

H

G

I

H

D

I

E

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

2

3

3

3

3

4

4

4

4

5

5

5

5

6

6

6

6

Mech.

Mech.

Mech.

D

F

E

G

F

H

G

I

H

I

Mech.

7

7

7

7

8

8

8

8

LEVELS 30 - 37 36

G

| PA R K S D & E

0

5

10

20


D

E

H

G

F

I

2400 UP

1

UP

7200

2

7200

3

UP

7200

4

7200

5

7200

6

7200

UP

7 UP

7200 UP UP

8 1200

2400

7200

7200

7200

7200

7200

1200

37


o 20 CRITICAL PLANS

OFFICE

S P R I N K L E R S U P P LY P I P E

C I R C U L AT I O N

SPRINKLER

WASHROOMS

LIGHTING

MECHANICAL

MECHANICAL BULKHEAD

D

E

D

F

E

F

H

G

D

H

E

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

2

3

3

3

3

4

4

4

4

5

5

5

5

6

6

6

6

Mech.

Mech.

Mech.

D

F

E

G

F

H

G

H

Mech.

7

7

7

7

8

8

8

8

LEVELS 38 - 47 38

G

| PA R K S D & E

0

5

10

20


D

E

H

G

F

2400

1

7200

2

7200

3

7200

4

7200

5

7200

6

7200

7

7200

8 2400

2400

7200

7200

7200

7200

2400

39


o 20 CRITICAL PLANS

ROOF PLAN 40

0

5

10

20


D

E

H

G

2%

2%

F

2400

1

2%

2% 2%

2%

7200

2%

2%

2%

2%

2

7200 Elevator Control Room

Cooling Tower (exposed)

3

2%

2%

Air Handling Unit 7200

2%

4

2% 2%

2%

Elevator Machine Room

7200 2%

Building Exhaust Vent

5 2%

Chiller Room

Boiler Room

2%

2%

7200

6

Mech.

Mech.

7200

2%

2%

2%

2%

7

2%

2%

Mechanical Equipment Screen

7200

2%

2%

8

2400

7200

7200

7200

2400

7200

2400

41


o 20 CRITICAL PLANS

K A R N D E A N G R A P H I T E S L AT E F L O O R T I L I N G

K A R N D E A L L O O S E L AY C O L O R A D O F L O O R T I L I N G

MEDIUM HUE CARPETED FLOORING

D I M E N S I O N E D T Y P I C A L F L O O R I N G L AY O U T P L A N 42

0

5

10

20


D

F

E

H

G

I

2400

1 UP

600 600 600 600

2

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

600 600 600 600

UP

UP

3

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

5

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

6

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

UP

UP

7

UP

8

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

2400

1200

2400

7200

600x4

2400

600x4 600x4

2400

2400

7200

600x4

2400

600x4 600x4

2400

2400

7200

600x4

2400

600x4 600x4

2400

2400

7200

600x4

2400

600x4 600x4

2400

2400

7200

7200

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

600 600 600 600

2400 2400

600x4 600x4

7200

2400

600 600 600 600

600 600 600 600

7200

2400

600 600 600 600

600 600 600 600

7200

2400

600 600 600 600

600 600 600 600

7200

2400

600 600 600 600

600 600 600 600

4

2400

600 600 600 600

7200

7200

2400

600x4

2400

2400

2400

43


o 20 CRITICAL PLANS

MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL ROOMS VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION SHAFTS L I G H T I N G A N D A C O U S T I C PA N E L S MECHANICAL BULKHEAD DISTRIBUTION DUCTS

D I M E N S I O N E D T Y P I C A L M E C H A N I C A L A N D L I G H T I N G L AY O U T 44

0

5

10

20


D

F

E

H

G

I

2400

1 UP

600 600 600 600

2

UP

3

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

5

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

6

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

UP

UP

7

UP

8

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

2400

1200

2400

7200

600x4

2400

600x4 600x4

2400

2400

7200

600x4

2400

600x4 600x4

2400

2400

7200

600x4

2400

600x4 600x4

2400

2400

7200

600x4

2400

600x4 600x4

2400

2400

7200

7200

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

600 600 600 600

2400

600 600 600 600

2400 2400

600x4 600x4

7200

2400

600 600 600 600

600 600 600 600

7200

2400

600 600 600 600

600 600 600 600

7200

2400

600 600 600 600

600 600 600 600

7200

2400

600 600 600 600

600 600 600 600

4

2400

600 600 600 600

600 600 600 600

UP

2400

7200

7200

2400

600x4

45

2400

2400


o 20

A

B

C

D

E

H

G

F

I D

Concourse

1 LV A amplifier

E

F

PROGRAMMING | EFFICIENCY

MV Utility

Park A

12.9m2 x 5 = 64.5m2

3

4

5

G

F

5

6

6

Mech.

PATH

Mech.

Mech.

7

15700 4250

8

8

4250

7200 2400

2400

Mech.

7

Concourse Cafeteria

A

2400

2400

2400

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

D

Lobby & Restaurant

1

2

4600

3

2400

F

Park B & C

13.5m2 x 4 = 54m2 x 2 = 108m2

6

Mech.

4

7

8

8

D

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

Health & Fitness

1 Fitness Class Rooms

2400

2

3

2400

2400

5

E

Mech.

F

G

H

19.6m2 x 6 = 117.6m2 7m2 x 6 = 42.5m2 117.6m2 + 42.5m2 = 160.1m2

2

3

4

4

5

5

I

Park D & E

1

Reception

Female Changeroom

Seating Lobby

Male Changeroom

6

6

7

7

Mech.

2400

I

2

7

2400

H

5

6

2400

G

4

5

2400

E

1

3

4

3

7200

I

2

Installation Shaft

MV Consumer

Transformer

4

30600

H

Battery

2

3

7200

G

1

Mech.

Aerobics and Weights

8

8

7200

2400 A

2400

Mechanical

6

Washrooms Circulation Storage Vertical Shafts

5,160 sqft

46

T.F.A

C

D

E

F

G

H

Meeting Rooms and Staff Offices

2

4400

2400

I

Conference

D

E

F

1

4

5

6

Mech.

7

2,080 sqft

3,090 sqft

Part of G.F.A Non G.F.A.

Upper Office

3

4

286.85m2

H

Storage

6

193.15m2

G

2

3

5

T.F.A. (per floor) = 480m2 Part of G.F.A. = Washrooms + Mechanical + Circulation + Storage = 193.15m2 Non G.F.A. = Stairs + Elevators + Shafts + Structure = 286.85m2

480m2

B

1

Mech.

7

Conference Space

8

8

9,830m2

9,250m2

332.1m2

2,626.56m2 28,300 sqft

1,272,250 sqft

1,229,880 sqft

Tower Floor Plate

Tower T.F.A.

Tower G.F.A

105,800 sqft

99,600 sqft

3,600 sqft

Podium T.F.A.

Podium G.F.A.

Total Park Area

118.195.2m2

114.260m2


D

1

E

2

Office

F

3

G 4 H 5

6

Office

7

8 Mec

h.

Mec

h.

D

1

E

2 F

3 G

4 H

5 I

6

7

8 h.

Parks D & E Office

Mec

Mec

h.

1

D

Winter Gardens

E

2 F

3 G

4 H

5 I

6

7

8 h.

Mec

h.

Winter Gardens

D

1

E

2

F

3

G

Park A

4 H 5 I 6

7

8

Office

Mec

h.

Parks B & C Office

Mec

Mec

h.

Winter Gardens

1 A 2 B 3

C

4

Sto

E

rag

e

Me and etin Sta g Ro ff Off om ice s s

6

G

H

I

Conference/Leasable Venue Meeting Rooms Storage

Co Spa nfe ce rence

1 A

2 B

3 C

4 D F

6 s

G

as Cl s es tn s Fi om Ro

Fe

7

e

al m om

ro

H

ge

an

Ch

8 I

io

pt

ce

Re n

Aerobics/Weight & Clinic Changerooms

e

al M om

ro

ge

an

Ch

cs

bi

ro

Ae d

an ts

gh

ei W g

in

at

Se y

bb

Lo

1 A

2 B C

3

D

4 E

5 F

6 G

7 H

8 I

Lobby & Restaurant

1

C

D

E 5

F

6

G Bat

tery

LV

7

er

In Sh st al af la t tio

n

8

Con

cou

rse

Caf

ia

h.

Tran

sfor

mer MV Utili ty

r

H

I

Concourse & PATH Cafeteria

Mec

eter

A amp

lifie

MV Con sum

Mec

h.

PA TH

Mechanical

Core

T.F.A.

G.F.A.

N.F.A.

Total % Efficiency

Meeting Rooms

Washrooms Storage Mechanical

16,930m2

115,060m2

Common Area

Leased Area

7.75m

1:7

25.5 ft

Public : Private

Max Distance to Glass

Program Comparison First Canadian Place

A

B

2

3

4

84%

Conference

E

5

Health & Fitness

Restaurant

96,300m2 1,033,335 sqft

Office

Cafeteria Health and Fitness Circulation Changerooms Restaurant Winter Gardens

Conference

F

7

8

114,300m2 1,230,315 sqft

Leased

D

5

128,000m2 1,377,780 sqft

Shared

Mechanical Washrooms Circulation Storage Vertical Shafts

T.F.A.(m2) Office Tower 184,998 Concourse 16,263 Ground Floor 12,895 Upper Floor 12,895 Total 227,051

G.F.A.(m2) 485,935 16,023 12,655 10,281 217,894

N.F.A.(m2) 159,969 92,291 68,556 65,284 386,100

2,803m2

217,900m2

386,100m2

56.4%

Floor Plate Area

G.F.A.

N.F.A.

Total % Efficiency

30,171 sqft

2,345,456 sqft

4,155,945 sqft

47


Envelope Cost

o 20

Building Envelope Facade Area North (45.6m x 184.5m)+(20m x 63.05m) = 9,687.88m2 = 104,279.47 sqft

COSTING

South (45.6m x 184.5m)+(20m x 68.4m) = 9,794.88m2 = 105,431.21 sqft East (57.6m x 204.8m) = 11,796.48m2 = 126,976.25 sqft West (57.6m x 184.8m) - (20m x 57.6m) = 10,644.48m2 = 114,576.23 sqft Total Area = 41,923.72m2 = 451,263.17 sqft @$200/sqft x 451,263.17 sqft = $90,252,634

North

South

East

West

44% shaded 3:4

46% shaded 3:4

60% shaded 3:2

73% shaded 3:1

Curtain Wall System

Components of Building Envelope Tower Roof (Membrane roofing system on sloped insulation) @$20/sqft x 28,272.057 sqft = $565,441.14 Podium Roof (Intensive Living Roof System with Insulation @$35/sqft x 9,362.018 sqft = $327,670.63

:

Soffits (Insulated Soffit with Metal Framing) 89.5m [S] + 80m [E] + 82.5m [N] + 123.4m [W] = 375.4m x .9m [width] = 337.87m2 = 3,636.8024 sqft @$80/sqft x 3,636.8024 sqft = $29,086.9

Shaded : Clear Note: Greater percentage of vertical shading louvres on East and West facades as they are more effective in these cardinal directions.

Overhangs (Drain Integrated Metal Framing) 89.5m [S] + 80m [E] + 82.5m [N] + 123.4m [W] = 375.4m x .9m [width] = 337.87m2 = 3,636.8024 sqft @$300/sqft x 3,636.8024 sqft = $1,091,040.72 Vertical Louvres (for sun-shading) @50/sqft x 254,857.11 sqft = $12,742,856 Total Component Cost = $565,441.14 + $327,670.63 + $29,086.9 + $1,091,040.72 + $12,742,856 = $14,756,095.39

Total Building Envelope Cost $90,252,634 + $14,756,095.39 = $105,008,729.4 = 21.3% of Total Building Cost @ approximately $154/sqft

48

$90,252,634

$14,756,095

$105,008,729

Curtain Wall Cost

Component Costs

Total Building Envelop Cost

$154

21.3%

Cost per sqft

% of Building Cost


Total Cost Area of Tower [(7.2m x 7)+(1.2m x 6)] x [(7.2m x 5) + (1.2m x 8)] = 2,626.56m2 = 28,272.057 sqft 48 storeys @ 4.2m 28,272.057 x 48 = 1,328,786.7 sqft @ $250/sqft (unfinished) 1,328,786.7 x 250 = $332,196,675

Area of Podium {[(7.2m x 7)+(1.2m x 6)] x [(7.2m x 8)+(1.2m x 9)]} - [(1.2m x 7)x(1.2m x 44)] = 3,496.32m2 = 37,634.075 sqft 3 storeys 3,496.32m2 x 3 = 10488.96m2 = 112,902.23 sqft @ $250/sqft + $50/sqft (finished) = $300/sqft 112,902.23 x 300 = $33,870,669

Site Work Lot Area {[(7.2m x 7)+(1.2m x 6)] x [(7.2m x 8)+(1.2m x 9)]} - [(1.2m x 7)x(1.2m x 44)] = 3,496.32m2 = 37,634.075 sqft @ $73/sqft x 37,634.075 = $2,747,287.475

Demolition Lot Area {[(7.2m x 7)+(1.2m x 6)] x [(7.2m x 8)+(1.2m x 9)]} - [(1.2m x 7)x(1.2m x1.2m)] = 3,496.32m2 = 37,634.075 sqft @$5/sqft x 37,634.075 = $188,170.375 Total Building Envelope Cost $893,111.17 + $2,013,239.39 = $2,906,350.56 Hard Costs $332,196,675 + $33,870,669 + $10,800,000 + $2,747,287 + $188,170.375 + 2,906,350.56 = $382,709,151.6

Area of Parking Space [3.5m x 6m] x 1.5 = 31.5m2 @ $60 000/sqft (per parking space) 60 000 x [60 spaces x 3 floors] = $10,800,000

Public Art (1%) $382,709,151.6 x .01 = $3,827,091

Total Costs

$382,709,151.6 + $3,827,091 + $105,008,729.4

= $491,544,972

$332,196,675

$33,870,669

$10,800,000

$491,544,972

Tower Cost (unfinished)

Podium Cost (finished)

Parking Cost

Total Cost 49


o 20 E L E VAT I O N S

S O U T H E L E VAT I O N 50

0

10

20

50


0

10

20

50

E A S T E L E VAT I O N 51


o 20 E L E VAT I O N S

W E S T E L E VAT I O N 52

0

10

20

50


0

10

20

50

N O R T H E L E VAT I O N 53


o 20 SECTIONS

SECTION A 54

0

10

20

50


0

10

20

50

SECTION B 55


o 20 WINTER GARDEN 6

7

8

D

E

Level 21

91,400mm

Level 20

87,200mm

PLAN A

Level 19

84,000mm

83,000mm

Level 18

78,800mm

PLAN B

Level 17

75,600mm

74,600mm

Level 16

70,400mm

Level 15

66,200mm

WEST

56

SOUTH


57


o 20 WINTER GARDEN PLAN A

CEILING PLAN

PLAN B

6

7

8

6

7

6

8

7

B

B

B

1200mm

E

400mm 1000mm 330mm

7200mm

D

A

3670mm

D1

1800mm 200mm 1200mm 3000

200mm

1300mm 300mm 2400mm

2400mm

2400mm

3900mm

1800mm 1200mm 1200mm 300mm 7200mm

7200mm

7200mm

7200mm

1400mm 1500mm

300mm 300mm 300mm 100mm 4200mm

3200mm

300mm 4200mm 3060mm

4200mm

2160mm

PLAN A

84,000mm 4200mm

4200mm

1200mm 2520mm

600mm

600mm

2200mm

D1

300mm

3600mm 3060mm

300mm 1000mm

58

SECTION A.1

SECTION A.2

PLAN B

75,600mm

300mm

3000mm

8

4200mm


Greenwall connection to ceiling and water distribution system RAISED FLOOR PANELS RAISED FLOOR RISERS CONCRETE FLOOR SLAB RADIANT HEATING AND COOLING WATER DISTRIBUTION 6400mm

GREENWALL STRUCTURE HYDROPONIC FOAM

RAISED FLOOR PANELS RISERS CONCRETE FLOOR SLAB GREY WATER DISTRIBUTION THROUGH FLOOR SLAB INTO STEEL FRAME STRUCTURE

GREEN WALL PLANTS

300mm

Greenwall structure connected to atrium floor slab for support CAST IN SLAB CHANNEL ANCHOR

HYDOPONIC FOAM WATER RETENTION FLEECE GREEN WALL PLANTS

3060mm

300mm

7440mm

Greenwall integrated seating and connection to floor slab water distribution system

GREENWALL BASE AND SEATING CONCRETE BASE/SEATING

GREY WATER DISTRIBUTION

600mm 600mm

DROP LIGHTING AND ACOUSTIC PANELS

59


o 20 W I N T E R G A R D E N S TA I R D E TA I L

D

E

F

G

H

I

RHS SUPPORT BEAM

1

2

3

4

REINFORCED STEEL LANDING WITH BOLTED CONNECTION TO COLUMN 5

MONO STRINGER 6

B Mech.

Mech.

7

8

A

60

SECTION A 1:25


A

RECTANGULAR HOLLOW SECTION VERTICAL SUPPORT PLATES STRADDLE RHS MAIN SUPPORT BEAM HANDRAIL SLIP RESISTANT STRIP

1360mm

A

STAIR DETAIL PLAN 1:25

13 @ 280 = 3640mm

7200mm

61


o 20 W I N T E R G A R D E N S TA I R D E TA I L

CONCRETE COLUMN CONCRETE ANCHORS SUPPORTING RHS LANDING RHS RHS MAIN SPAN OF MONO STRINGER WOOD STAIR TREAD TWO PIECE WELDED STEEL SUPPORT PLATES SLIP RESISTANT STRIP CONCEALS SCREW

VERTICAL PLATE STRADDLES RHS

180mm

150mm

30mm

I

NT

CO

280mm

62

SECTION B 1:5

30mm

STAIR AXONOMETRIC

S

E NU

B


63


o 20 PERSPECTIVE SECTION

64


65


o 20 WINTER GARDEN

66


PRIMARY CURTAIN WALL SYSTEM DOUBLE GLAZING WITH REFLECTIVE COATING

reduces heating and cooling load, and glare

VERTICAL SUNSHADING LOUVRES

integrated structural mullion vertical louvre system, shades primarily the East and West facade from excessive sunlight and reduces interior glare throughout the building

CONNECTION BETWEEN SYSTEMS

DIAGONAL CONNECTION BETWEEN CURTAIN WALL SYSTEMS

soffit and overhang, including water collection from the facade integrated into the building envelope

SECONDARY CURTAIN WALL SYSTEM

ALUMINUM MULLIONS

structure for smart glass curtain wall system

SMART GLASS DOUBLE GLAZING reduces heating and cooling load, and glare

TINTED SPANDREL PANEL

gradient lightens towards winter garden atriums to allow maximum natural light penetration

67


o 20 D E TA I L S

68


D-7

D-3

D-2

D-4

D-1

D-8

D-6 69


D-1 OVERHANG WITH DRAINAGE 1:10

o 20 D E TA I L S

DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL

ALUMINUM MULLION 32

220

130

150

GALVANIZED STEEL BACK PANEL VAPOUR BARRIER

CLAMP RING CONNECTION DRAIN DOME

RAISED FLOOR SYSTEM BATT INSULATION ROOF MEMBRANE

STEEL SHELF ANGLE ALUMINUM MULLION

PIPING CORNER

SEALANT

BALLAST GUARD

ALUMINUM FLASHING DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL

ALUMINUM FLASHING ALUMINUM COUNTER - FLASHING

DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL

CONCRETE FLOOR SLAB HALFEN ANCHORAGE SYSTEM

70

70 30 10 100

100

RAISED FLOOR SYSTEM ALUMINUM MULLION

180

ALUMINUM FLASHING CONCRETE FLOOR SLAB ROOFING MEMBRANE GALVANIZED STEEL BACK PANEL

VERTICAL STEEL SUB-STRUTCTURE ALUMINUM COUNTER-FLASHING BATT INSULATION VAPOUR BARRIER RADIANT HEATING/COOLING

100

HALFEN CONNECTION TO OVERHANG STEEL SUBSTRUCTURE STEEL OVERHANG SUBSTRUCTURE RIGID INSULATION VAPOUR BARRIER GYPSUM CEILING BOARD

GRAVEL HALFEN ANCHORAGE SYSTEM HORIZONTAL STEEL SUB-STRUCTURE HALFEN ANCHORAGE SYSTEM

STEEL PIPING DISTRUBUTING GREY WATER DROP LIGHINTG AND ACOUSTIC PANELS KAWNEER VERSOLEIL VERTICAL SUN-SHADING LOUVRE CONNECTION KAWNEER VERTICAL SUN-SHADE LOUVRE

RIGID INSULATION BALLAST GUARD STEEL PIPING DISTRIBUTING GREY WATER ALUMINUM FLASHING STEEL SHELF ANGLE DROP CEILING DROP ACOUSTIC AND LIGHTING PANEL KAWNEER CLEARWALL ALUMINUM MULLION SEALANT

DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL

70


D - 2 S O F F I T B E T W E E N C U R TA I N WA L L S Y S T E M S 1:5

30

230 DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL ALUMINUM MULLION GALVANIZED STEEL INSULATED SOFFIT INSULATED ALUMINUM MULLION AIR/VAPOUR BARRIER

ADJUSTABLE FLOOR DIFFUSER RAISED FLOOR SYSTEM

DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL

KAWNEER CLEARWALL ALUMINUM MULLION SEALANT RAISED FLOORING

60

HORIZONTAL INSULATED STEEL SUB-STRUCTURE VAPOUR BARRIER ALUMINUM SUB-CAP RAISED FLOOR RISER INSUALTED ALUMINUM MULLION STEEL SOFFIT SUB-STRUCTURE FRITTED SPANDREL PANEL BATT INSULATION GALVANIZED STEEL SPANDREL PANEL HALFEN ANCHORAGE SYSTEM CONCRETE FLOOR SLAB ALUMINUM MULLION RADIANT FLOOR HEATING/COOLING

50

DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL

CONCRETE SLAB WITH RADIANT HEATING AND COOLING MULLION ANCHORAGE SYSTEM GALVANIZED STEEL BACK PANEL ALUMINUM MULLION INSULATION SPANDREL PANEL DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL

30

30

125

71


o 20

D - 3 E X T R U D E D C U R TA I N WA L L S Y S T E M 1:5

D E TA I L S

MULLION CAP VERTICAL ALUMINUM MULLION WITH VERTICAL SHADING LOUVRE

SEALED DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL ALUMINUM KAWNEER CLEARWALL MULLION MULLION ANCHORAGE SYSTEM CONCRETE CURB

DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL HORIZONTAL ALUMINUM MULLION

30 30

RAISED FLOOR SYSTEM 240

300

RAISED FLOOR SYSTEM

CONCRETE SLAB WITH RADIANT HEATING AND COOLING

CONCRETE SLAB RADIANT HEATING/COOLING

72

30

230

36


D - 4 S PA N D R E L C U R TA I N WA L L S Y S T E M 1:5 FRITTED SPANDREL GLASS MULLION CAP DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL VERTICAL ALUMINUM MULLION HORIZONTAL ALUMINUM MULLION

300 30 30

RAISED FLOOR SYSTEM MANUAL FLOOR DIFFUSER

240 ADJUSTABLE FLOOR DIFFUSER RAISED FLOOR SYSTEM INSULATION AIR/VAPOUR BARRIER

300

MULLION ANCHORAGE SYSTEM GALVANIZED STEEL BACK PANEL ALUMINUM MULLION SPANDREL PANEL WITH FRITTED GLASS

CONCRETE SLAB RADIANT HEATING AND COOLING

DROP ACOUSTICAL AND LIGHTING PANEL ANCHORED ON CEILING TRACKS

30

30

125

BATT INSULATION GALVANIZED STEEL BACK PANEL ANCHORAGE SYSTEM

CONCRETE SLAB RADIANT HEATING/COOLING

73

DROP LIGHITNG AND ACOUSTICAL PANELS


o 20

D - 5 C U R TA I N WA L L AT A N G L E D C O R N E R 1:10

D E TA I L S

100

150

30

30

ALUMINUM CAPPED INTERIOR BATT INSULATION CURTAIN WALL CORNER

52

ALLUMINUM MULLION

150

ALLUMINUM MULLION

30 30

BATT INSULATION

52

ALUMINUM EXTERIOR VERTICAL CAP

DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL

VERTICAL LOUVRE CONNECTION ADJUSTABLE TO DESIRED ANGLE

ALUMINUM CAPPED INTERIOR BATT INSULATION CURTAIN WALL CORNER

KAWNEER VERSEOLIEL VERTICAL SUN-SHADING LOUVRE

600

INTERIOR

EXTERIOR

ALLUMINUM MULLION ALLUMINUM INTERIOR VERTICAL CAP BATT INSULATION ALUMINUM EXTERIOR VERTICAL CAP 300 ALLUMINUM MULLION

30

DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL

70

220

VERTICAL LOUVRE CONNECTION ADJUSTABLE TO DESIRED ANGLE

KAWNEER VERSEOLIEL VERTICAL SUN-SHADING LOUVRE

350

74


D - 6 C U R TA I N WA L L AT G R A D E 1:5

30

30

125

30 10

RAISED FLOOR SYSTEM

DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL (SEALED)

30

75

HORIZONTAL ALUMINUM MULLION

MULLION CAP

ALUMINUM MULLION RIGID INSULATION GALVANIZED STEEL FLASHING CONCRETE CURB AIR/VAPOUR BARRIER RAISED FLOOR SYSTEM

GRADE

270

GRADE

MULLION ANCHORAGE SYSTEM CONCRETE SLAB RIGID INSULATION 50

120

75


o 20

D - 7 C U R TA I N WA L L PA R A P E T 1:10

D E TA I L S

50 ALUMINUM CAP FLASHING

80

ROOFING MEMBRANE RIGID INSULATION

120

ALLUMINUM CAP FLASHING ALLUMINUM FLASHING

ALUMINUM FLASHING SEALANT

HALFEN ANCHORAGE SYSTEM BATT FILLED HSS VAPOUR BARRIER

INSULATION FILLED HOLLOW STRUCTURAL STEEL ALLUMINUM MULLION HALFEN ANCHORAGE SYSTEM

ROOFING MEMBRANE

RIGID INSULATION CONCRETE PARAPET

VAPOUR BARRIER 120 GRAVEL ALUMINUM COUNTER-FLASHING ROOFING MEMBRANE CANT STRIP RIGID INSULATION VAPOUR BARRIER CONCRETE CURB VERTICAL MULLION/AIR SPACE DOUBLE GLAZING

10 75

ALUMINUM COUNTER-FLASHING

GRAVEL CANT STRIP SEALANT

SEALANT

300

KAWNEER CLEARWALL ALUMINUM MULLION

KAWNEER CLEARWALL ALUMINUM MULLION

HALFEN ANCHORAGE SYSTEM RADIANT HEATING AND COOLING CONCRETE FLOOR SLAB

36

75

250

230

DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL

30

CONCRETE SLAB

76


32

30 30 30

120

20

D - 8 C U R TA I N WA L L AT P O D I U M G R E E N R O O F 1:5

DOUBLE GLAZING CURTAIN WALL RADIANT HEATING AND COOLING METAL CURB MICRO - FAB BASE SHEET SOIL VEGETATION

ALUMINUM MULLION SEALANT RAISED FLOOR SYSTEM HALFEN ANCHORAGE SYSTEM STEEL SHELF ANGLE CONCRETE CURB VAPOUR BARRIER RIGID INSULATION

ALUMINUM FLASHING CONCRETE FLOOR SLAB

DOUBLE GLAZED CURTAIN WALL

ALUMINUM COUNTER - FLASHING ROOFING MEMBRANE

GRAVEL

60

120

MICRO - FAB

CANT STRIP BASE SUPPORT

RAISED FLOOR SYSTEM

ALUMINUM MULLION SEALANT

STEEL SHELF ANGLE

10 10 10 12 20 24

ALUMINUM FLASHING CONCRETE CURB VAPOUR BARRIER CONCRETE FLOOR SLAB RIGID INSULATION ROOFING MEMBRANE

75 ALUMINUM COUNTER-FLASHING TOP SOIL GRAVEL CANT STRIP GROWING MEDIUM BASE SUPPORT

270

30

METAL CURB MICROFAB

77


o 20 B U I L D I N G E N V E L O P E D E TA I L M O D E L 1:20

78


79


o 20 RENDERS

80


81


o 20 PERSPECTIVE SECTION

82


83


o 20 CONCLUSION

84


Office 2020, the Office of the Future, is conceptually dynamic, c r e a t i n g a c l e a r c o r p o r a t e b r a n d i n g w i t h i n t h e c o r e o f To r o n t o w h i l e maintaining social inclusivity and promoting healthy living, ultimately creating a colloborative and healthy atmosphere for all tenants and public who interact with the building. By relying on natural resources, contextual design, and passive d e s i g n t e c h n i q u e s O f f i c e 2 0 2 0 ’ s p r i m a r y g o a l o f a c h i e v i n g a s o c i a l l y, e c o n o m i c a l l y, a n d p h y s i c a l l y s u s t a i n a b l e b u i l d i n g i s c l e a r. To a n s w e r t h e q u e a t i o n : H o w c a n c r e a t e c l i e n t e l e b e a t r a c t e d t o , a n d s u p p o r t e d b y, t h e c o r p o r a t e c o r e ? W e m u s t l o o k t o t h e p a s t , t h e present, and the future, and strive to achieve the most successful enterprises by facilitating the development of a sustainable and i n t e r a c t i v e e c o n o m y.

85


Office 2020