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October 2013

Northwest - Midwest - Northeast - Southeast -Southwest

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Seal technology changes make it easier than ever to dive dry. See all the pros and cons of latex versus silicone at


No matter what seal type, if you tear one, your “dry” dive is over and you must have your suit repaired. Unless you have DUI ZipSeals™. This patented DUI technology lets you “zip” on a latex or silicone seal in minutes, much like a Ziploc bag. You can also remove the wrist seal to install ZipGloves, keeping your hands dry and warm.


Silicone seals are the latest technology. Silicone is softer, stretches very well and is more comfortable. Silicone also eliminates latex allergy issues. Many divers feel that silicone seals better than latex as it conforms nicely to the body. Silicone lasts longer as it is incredibly ozone and UV resistant. The only downside is that silicone is not quite as puncture or tear resistant as a new latex seal.


Latex seals later became popular and were much better at keeping divers dry. Latex has more stretch making it easier to put on and take off. And latex always retains its original shape after multiple uses. Most latex seals are one-size-fits-all because they can be trimmed to fit and are made with natural rubber. The downside to natural rubber is high susceptibility to ozone, UV deterioration and latex allergies.

After 50 years keeping divers warm, comfortable and dry... Thanks for making DUI the number ONE drysuit company in the world!

Some divers still prefer neoprene seals because of warmth. The downside of neoprene can be difficulty pulling over your head, it’s uncomfortable to tuck, and tends to leak with head movement. Neoprene can also be “stretched out.”


It’s called a “drysuit” because it’s sealed at the neck and wrist to prevent water intrusion. Not long ago the only drysuit seal choice was neoprene. But seals have come a long way since then.

SINCE 1963


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CONTENT 4 5 6 7 8-10 11 12 13 14-16 17 18 19 20-22 23 24 25 26-28 29 30 31 32-34 35 36-37 38-39 40-41 42-44 45 46 47 48-49 50 51 52 53

Rick’s Blog Incoming Mail SE Hot News SE Regional News - Atlanta Aquanauts host Dive Fest Fort Lauderdale Wreck Diving SE Local Dive Directory NE Hot News NE Regional News - Historical Diving Society Meets Pennsylvania - Diving the Keystone State NE Local Dive Directory MW Hot News MW Regional News - Scuba-Palooza Unites Minnesota The Shallow Wrecks of Munising, Michigan MW Local Dive Directory NW Hot News NW Regional News - Shark Diving at Point Defiance Zoo Diving Lake Crescent at Olympic National Park NW Local Dive Directory SW Hot News SW Regional News - Summer Outdoor Retailer 2013 Santa Rosa Island, California SW Local Dive Directory Underwater Photography Junkyard Diver Commercial Diving - The Pit Trilogy Micronesia, Kosrae Tropical Dive Directory Stand Up Paddleboard Yoga Memorial Series - Hans Hass Public Safety - Cancun Rescue Team Training Program DAN Medical Column Andy Lamb Mystery Critter Healthy Diving with Coach Izzy Gear Check

On the cover: “Dream Collector” by Miguel Angel Cachoa Morali This photo was taken at Manchones reef at a gallery of the Cancun Underwater Museum. Jason deCaires Taylor is the artist behind the Cancun Underwater museum. Miguel is a Scuba and DAN Instructor, and manages Scuba Cancun Dive Center. He is the team leader of several programs that provide management and training to various rescue teams like firefighters and park rangers. Publisher: Rick Stratton | Assistant Publisher: John Tapley | Editorial Assistant: Jennifer Wilkins | Graphic Designer: Katie Myers | Accountant: Tove Chatham | Show Manager: Selene Muldowney | Circulation/Subscriptions: 360.240.1874 Advertising Sales: Roosevelt Rumble 360.240.1874 | For more info, please visit North America Dive News is published monthly by the Dive News Network Media Group at PO Box 1494, Oak Harbor, WA 98277. The Dive News Network Media Group reserves the right to refuse service to anyone it chooses. © 20122013 Dive News Network Media Group. All rights reserved. Important Notice: The contents of North America Dive News are opinions of individual writers and do not necessarily reflect the views of the publisher, editor or any of its staff. The publishers and contributors assume no responsibility for any mishap claimed to be a result of use of this material. Diving is an adventure sport and contains inherent risks. Improper use of diving equipment or improper diving techniques may result in serious injury or death. Readers are advised to use their own best judgment in each individual situation. We encourage readers to participate in determining the content of this publication by giving us their opinions on the types of articles they would like to see. We invite letters to the editor, manuscripts and photographs related to diving or diving-related business. Send us your stories and photos!


Rick’s Blog

It’s all about value! Welcome to the October Edition of North America Dive News. This past summer has been busy as I have traveled across the country promoting everything water and gathering the news. Besides working, I had an amazing opportunity to do something I waited 14 years for. My daughter Amanda and I went crabbing. Like many Northwesterners, I love to chase down crabs, they make a tasty dinner. I was hesitant to take her diving for crabs when she was younger, as NW diving is challenging. I wanted to ensure she was well equipped to handle the challenges. Despite my parental concerns, Amanda did fantastic. She was a great dive buddy, stayed calm, never left my sight and caught the largest crab. I was a proud dad! This moment is important to share as I want to encourage you to share your love and passion with your children. They may roll their eyes while focusing on their latest technological gadgets; however, this time with them is precious. I encourage you to take them out on the water and spend time with them and share your own passion of water with another generation. It is all about value is this month’s focus. “What we love we protect.” I deeply value my family and the sport I have come to adopt. All of us have had at least one mentor who lead us through the maze of childhood and life. Our call to action is to embrace and share what we love with family and friends. As a frequent dive charter freeloader, I often am paired with inexperienced divers. Many seasoned divers don’t find this appealing because new divers are not yet the best buddies. They use air quickly, are demanding and often unprepared for emergencies. This isn’t different from our own children’s demands. Speaking of values - there are many changes heading your way with the magazine. The most current changes have been well received, in fact, our commercial diving article was read 22,000 times last month. The Underwater Photography and Public Safety columns are gaining notoriety as well. Can you spot the changes in this edition? Be the first to post on and win a one year digital edition of the magazine. In fact, we are so excited about our newest changes we are giving away six months free of the digital edition to people who comment on Facebook. We value your input, your readership and your participation in making the magazine possible. We all have a chance to make a difference and hopefully impact the world positively. Use Facebook as your forum and leave us comments – correct us – inform us – educate us – keep us informed!!


Rick’s been in the publishing business for 17 years, and has logged more dives than he can count. Read more of Rick’s Blog online at:

Incoming Mail

Hi Rick,

Dear Vin,

I hope that all is well with you and that you’ve been having a great summer. I was reading the August edition of North America Dive News and found a mistake on page 19. There is an article about the Our World Underwater dive show in Chicago on that page, however someone included a picture of past Our World Underwater Scholarship Society Scholars next to the article. This is not appropriate.

Sorry we goofed. We were looking for some examples of the scholarship winners and tied the two together.

Thanks Vin Malkoski MA Division of Marine Fisheries

Have something you’d like to share? Visit us at our Facebook page and leave a message!

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The dive show and the Scholarship Society parted ways more than 10 years ago and there is no relationship other than a portion of the name. These are two separate organizations with different missions and it is important that people not confuse the two groups.

The Our World-Underwater Scholarship Society® has provided firsthand experiences in underwater-related disciplines to young people looking for careers in the underwater world. For more than 35 years, the Society has selected a scholar from North America, Europe, and Australasia to work with leaders in marine-related fields. The scholars spend a year of extensive travel in endeavors in many different scientific tasks such as field study, laboratory assignments, equipment testing, photography, and much more. The program is currently sponsored by Rolex Watch. Each Rolex scholar works with a coordinator who organizes his or her schedule. Areas of study include, but are not limited to: dive management, marine expeditions, equipment design/manufacturing, hyperbaric medicine, publishing, and many others. In 1978, the Scholarship Committee of Our WorldUnderwater was incorporated as a separate entity in the State of Illinois as the Our World-Underwater Scholarship Society® (OWUSS). For many years, the annual meetings for the Scholarship Society were held in Chicago during the OWU show. In 2000, the directors of OWU sold the rights of the dive show. Since that time, the Scholarship Society is no longer associated with OWU, and in 2005, the Scholarship Society moved its annual meeting to New York City. Thanks to bringing this mistake to our attention.

Rick 5

Celebrate the Fall Season in the Keys! Visitors exploring the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary in Key Largo, FL will soon be met by numerous grinning figures beneath the waves. Certified divers with knives safely in hand will craft scary, spooky, and creative designs during the 2013 Underwater Pumpkin Carving Contest. Hosted by Amy Slate’s Amoray Dive Resort, the event begins 8:30 a.m. Saturday, October 19 at mile marker 104.5 with buddies teaming up to compete. Judges adept at the art of underwater pumpkin carving, Amoray Diver dive boat crew, will appraise each gourd and deliver fantastic prizes to the top three artists. Entering this contest is free, but participants can take advantage a special deal: $85 per certified diver for the two-tank, two-location dive; this price includes tanks and weights. Pumpkins will be provided for free. Early registration is encouraged. For more information, and to sign up, visit or call 1-800-426-6729.

Rum Runners Host One Shell of a Roast Rum Runner Dive Shop of Winterville, NC is throwing a shucking good time with its annual oyster roast, to be held Friday, November 1 from 6:30 p.m. to midnight right at the shop. The all-night feast celebrates the beginning of drysuit season with food, fun, live music, and refreshing libations! Patrons to the b-oysterous bounty need not worry about being shellfish: $15 opens access to unlimited oysters. For more pearls of information, visit or call 252439-4390.

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Dive Pirates Hoist the Flag in Little Rock! The Dive Shop II of Little Rock, AK will host its second annual Dive Pirates Foundation fundraiser Saturday November 9 beginning at 11 a.m. and ending when the 6

open door party dies down. Last year the shop earned over $8,000 for the charitable foundation; inspired by her visit to a pirates’ event in Cayman Brac, DCSI Instructor Terri Bernard has set this year’s goal even higher. The event will include a range of fun activities such as a silent auction, a Pirate poker run, “pluck-a-duck”, and many others - real time media will be utilized throughout the event to show guests how funds and sponsorships are distributed. For more information, and to find out how you can help, visit or call 501-666-3483.

DEMA Works with Wounded Warriors The Diving Equipment and Marketing Association (DEMA) has been working tirelessly to bring much needed assistance to injured and disabled servicemen. Through generous sponsorship, DEMA helped twelve Wounded Warrior Project recipients receive their certification off Bonaire during a week of therapeutic enrichment. From August 17 to 24, the group completed open water dives and earned their PADI and Handicapped Scuba Association (HSA) certifications. Congratulations! For more information, visit

Gulfport Dive Center Expands Services In order to accommodate more happy customers and better train new divers, Gulfport Dive Center of Gulfport, FL has greatly enhanced the size of the center. After an incredibly successful year of hard work, quality service, and diligent marketing techniques, owners Dennis and Anette Monroe outgrew their humble shop and had to expand quickly in order to meet the demands of an influx of new customers. In addition to the center’s success, its club, Club Azure, has been overwhelmingly popular with local divers. For more information on the center and its services, visit or call 727-498-8702.

“Mighty Mo” Releases Her Art Austrian art photographer Andreas Franke awed the Fort Myers maritime community after placing twelve pieces of art on the USS Mohawk artificial reef earlier this summer. Creating a unique story using imagery from the ‘40s, Franke’s The Sinking World project merged the natural world with the lifestyles, customs, and aspirations of that difficult era. Encrusted with nature, the art was removed from the historic wartime vessel September 7 and shown to the Lee County Alliance for the Arts Galleries; it will later be displayed at museums and galleries the world over. For more information on this project, including future destinations, visit

Join a Smashing Good Time in Cozumel! In honor of the pioneers of Mexico’s diving history, Dive Paradise of Cozumel will host the second annual Cozumel Scubafest December 12 to 15. The weekend celebration of the island, its famous reefs, its activities, and its unique culture will amuse and astound guests with diving events, contests, live entertainment, and a few surprises kept under wraps! In conjunction with this festival, Dive Paradise is now accepting reservations for four days of nine dives (eight day dives and one night dive), which span from Paraiso to Punta Sur reefs. For more information, visit or call +52 987-8721007.

A Cleaner Jupiter Beach for All Jupiter Dive Center of Jupiter, FL is hosting an important beach cleanup at Jupiter Beach Park Saturday, October 26 beginning at 8 a.m. Buckets, gloves, and pickers will be provided to participants. The local USCG Auxillary, Flotilla 52 will be handing out refreshments to volunteers. In addition, another group, Friends of Jupiter Beach, routinely hosts cleanup events on a monthly basis. For more information on these events, and to participate, visit (561-745-7807) and


Atlanta Aquanauts Rock out for a Commendable Cause Article by John Tapley Photos courtesy Matt Booth Teaming up with Soldiers Undertaking Disabled Scuba (SUDS), Atlanta Aquanauts Dive Club of Atlanta, Georgia, is hosting its 6th Annual Dive Fest to help enrich the lives of America’s disabled or injured servicemen. A celebration of life along Panama City Beach in Panama City, Florida, will provide good times, an unwavering spirit of community and renewal, and benevolent fundraising for those in need. The weekend-long event begins Friday, October 4 and concludes Sunday 6.

The centerpiece of the event, a rooftop beach party, takes place at The Back Porch restaurant Saturday night. The evening’s raffle and silent auction will leave guests heading home with generously donated dive gear such as BCs, regulators, dive computers, travel and liveboard trips, original artwork and sports memorabilia, and much more. Beach lovers looking to score some swag will be more than pleased with an assortment of door prizes including hats, koozies, mask straps, and much more. Accenting the charitable festivities will be music set to the styles of diver and beach-goer favorites

The club’s relationship with the nonprofit organization began in 2008 during a joint trip to Key Largo. Witnessing the perseverance and teamwork of SUDS members, Booth and club member Amanda Walsh became invigorated with ideas on how to help their new friends: and thus began the annual get-together. Both from the party and independent club donations, the aquanauts have raised over $40,000 for the cause – charters Panama City Diving and Better Bottom Time Divers, Inc. have worked with the club in this effort. With its vibrant community of divers and servicemen and women, Panama City offers the opportune location for this important party. Event sponsors include Aggressor and Dancer Fleet, Dive News Network, Ocean Care Solutions, Blackbeard’s Cruises, Cylinder & Valve, Inc., Panama City Diving, Divers Supply, Georgia Aquarium, Atlanta Technical Divers, Olympus Dive Center, Go Go Logo Wear, and Better Bottom Time Dive Charters, Inc. As a title sponsor, renowned manufacturer Oceanic donated several thousand dollars worth of brand new equipment.

diving, and other ocean-related activities. The aquanauts play an important role with their local shops: they help promote trips both at home and international. For more information on the Atlanta Aquanauts and SUDS, visit and ■

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Everyone will have a reason to participate in the three day party as plenty of events and activities will be available for nondiving friends and family as well: dolphin watching and snorkeling off Saint Andrews Bay will be popular events on Saturday. “It gives [them] a taste of what we do as divers without having to get a bunch of equipment and certification,” explains festival co-chair Matt Booth. “Panama City is a great town and there’s plenty of things to do for people of all ages.”

such as Jimmy Buffett, Dave Matthews Band, and the Eagles.

© Time Sailing

Founded in 2005, the Atlanta Aquanauts (originally known as Atlanta Scuba Divers) have provided a dive community to 450 happy local divers. Along with the fest, the club holds monthly meetings, monthly day trip dives at nearby quarries, a summer liveaboard excursion, and many adventures in Florida such as lobster catching, wreck

▲▲John Thompson, center, presidenat and founder of SUDS flanked by Shane Heath, left, and Greg Edwards, right (both SUDS divers and wounded veterans). © Amanda Walsh

© Amanda Walsh



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Florida Wreck Diving!

By Richard Black Florida Dive Connection Photos courtesy Richard Black unless otherwise noted With so many diving opportunities and Headquarters in Pompano Beach to explore incredible sites there is no wonder Florida the wreck of the Captain Dan. This would attracts some of the best divers in the world. give us the chance to get in the water, get John Chatterton is one of the best in the to know each other, and talk about John’s world and he’s among the best known as opinion of diving in Florida. well. When I heard that he had moved to Florida and was a regular at a dive operation My cave diving buddy, Gene Page, is I know it piqued my interest. I wanted to find a first class gentleman, an awesome diver, out what this famous diver thinks of diving and a world-class photographer. When he’s in Florida. not taking pictures of zombies on the set of AMC’s The Walking Dead you can find As a commercial diver and Northeast him in a North Florida cave. Though Gene is wreck diver John has done some amazing an avid cave diver and one of the owners of dives, including his many dives on the Cave Country Dive Shop in High Springs, Andrea Doria, and in his project to identify Florida he loves to wreck dive. Since Gene the “U-Who” as related in the book Shadow has worked with John Chatterton and Richie Divers by Rob Kurson. As co-host of the Kohler I thought he would like to join us. It’s History Channel’s Deep Sea Detectives John never hard to convince Gene to come wreck has had the opportunity to dive all over the diving so the plan was set. world and visit some of the best dive sites. I wanted to know why John Chatterton The date was picked, reservations made, has chosen Pompano Beach, Florida as his and on a morning in August we were on the underwater playground. dock ready to dive. Our group consisted of Florida Dive Connection photographer With the seed of an idea I set the wheels Amber Lynn Boutot, Howard Ehrenberg, in motion, and as with many stories, it started Meghan Ehrenberg, Gene Page, John with “a guy I know.” In this case, “the guy” is Chatterton and this writer. On the boat we Rick Thomas of Karik Technologies. When had a chance to meet and chat with a good Rick’s not designing awesome dive lights he group of divers. A fifteen minute boat ride does a little diving and happens to know John had us at the wreck site of the Captain Dan. Chatterton. Rick agreed to help and soon I got a call from John. We decided to meet for The Captain Dan is a 175’ long Coast lunch and plot the next move. We planned Guard tender deployed in 1990 as an artificial to dive together with South Florida Diving reef at a depth of 110 feet. Our plan called for

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▲▲John Chatterton Hunting

▲▲John Chatterton on Reef


▲▲Meghan Ehrenberg, Richard Black, Gene Page, John Chatterton and Howard Ehrenberg sport T Shirts from Gene’s shop Cave Country Dive Shop. Photo by Amber Lynn Boutot

Gene Page is a Florida native who grew up watching Jacques Cousteau on television and fell in love with the idea of wreck diving. When he wasn’t on Anna Maria Island with his maritime historian grandfather he was visiting his aunt and uncle in Palm Beach. He tells us, “I would use their scuba gear for little mini-adventures off the coast.” Now living in north Florida, Gene does most of his diving in the caves but loves to slip away for some wreck diving. Gene says, “I thoroughly enjoy wreck diving anywhere, but find it to be fun and easy off South Florida shores, with plenty of competent boats and crew and interesting wrecks, artificial and otherwise, waiting to be visited.” Gene tells us how he gets through a busy photo-shoot, “When I’m on set of The Walking Dead in Georgia sweating like crazy and shooting hundreds of photos a day of zombies and our actors, I often think about hitting the cool waters  and dropping down on to an interesting wreck to explore.  At least I can mentally keep the heat at bay for a bit that way.” John Chatterton has an unpretentious, calm, and easy going style. His charm and quick wit combined with a matterof-fact approach made our time with him pleasant and enjoyable. That, along with his underwater accomplishments makes it easy to see why he’s well known and well thought of. With both john and Gene on the boat there was much conversation, smiles, and laughter that made it a memorable day. At the dive site John donned his doubles, grabbed his speargun, and hit the water. When I caught up to him he had already bagged a nice snapper. He says, “My perfect

dive always revolves around its mission, its job, its challenge, something to do. For me swimming around looking at the wreck and the pretty fish just doesn’t do it for me.” He says, “I always like bringing stuff back to the surface. Sometimes it’s just knowledge.”

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us to dive the wreck, move to a coral reef for the second dive and be back on the dock by lunch time.

John tells us he’s an avid reader who enjoys learning. He says, “I try to do a little teaching and sit in the student chair as well.” The challenges of diving was a common thread in our conversation and this was his interesting analogy, “When you get on the ferris wheel you know where you’re going and you know where you’re gonna end up but when you put all your gear on and you jump in the water you’re never sure what the outcome’s gonna be.” That explains his statement that, “All my diving is self reliant,” and that is one of the many things that can be taken away from a chat with this amazing diver. John told us, “I lived in Maine but I had a place to stay down here because I was working in the Dominican Republic. I had no desire to dive here in Florida because we were working in the Dominican Republic,” and was even “resistant to diving here.” He began spending more time in South Florida and after diving some of the wrecks and reefs and even shore diving in Lauderdale by the Sea, John says, “I enjoyed it. I started doing a little spearfishing. I started doing a little teaching.” Now, after between 200 and 300 dives here he says, “I go to New Jersey to remind myself where I came from. It’s a grounding experience. I love diving here. It’s a great place to dive. When I go to New Jersey it reminds me of how fortunate I am to dive in blue water, wetsuit diving, 15 minute run out to the wrecks and god forbid I spear a few fish and I get to put dinner on the table.” John goes spearfishing offshore when 9



What is it about South Florida that excites John Chatterton? “Most of the time when I’m out there spearfishing I see sharks and when you see sharks it’s fun, it’s interesting,” and “There are so many cool wrecks out here.” When asked about his favorite wreck he gave a profound, succinct, and memorable answer, “I don’t think I’ve been there yet.”

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▲▲Gene Page and John Chatterton Photo by Amber Lynn Boutot

▲▲Hillsboro Inlet Lighthouse Photo by Amber Lynn Boutot

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ever his schedule permits. Growing up on Long Island he began diving at a young age. He made his own spears and dove off the beach for fish. He says he’s, “Exploring a part of my past and the second time around I’m having a lot of fun with it.” He says, “The thing that keeps me motivated and inspired is (no pun intended) the depth of the challenges. You apply a work ethic that gets the job done.” He got it done on our dive and brought home dinner.


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Divin’ Dawgs

New Bern

(252) 638-3432


Panama City Beach

(850) 230-8006


Rum Runner Dive Shop


(252) 439-4390


Dr Dive


(617) 943 5553


Viking Diving


(850) 916-3483


Sea Island Divers


(843) 575-3562


Dive Pros


(866) 348-3776


Charleston Scuba


(843) 763-3483


Scuba Shack/Wet Dreams Charters


(850) 433-4319


Upstate Scuba


(864) 653-3483


Niuhi Dive Charters


(850) 529-2475


Bermuda Triangle


(864) 286-3483


Baldwin’s US1 Scuba Inc.

Pompano Beach

(954) 946-6055


Lowcountry Scuba

Mount Pleasant

(843) 884-1500


Macs Sports


(813) 961-3297


Coastal Scuba

N. Myrtle Beach

(800) 249-9388


Scuba Haven


(813) 972-4455



(864) 944-9255


World of Water


(813) 286-3483


Adventure Outfitters


(813) 832-6669



(423) 622-1335


Narcosis Scuba Center

Tarpon Springs

(727) 934-6474



(901) 763-3483


Austin’s Diving Center South Beach Scuba Scubadventures

Dive Locker

Olympus Dive Center

Morehead City (252) 726-9432



Off The Wall Charters, Inc.

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NEWS | EVENTS :: NORTHEAST HOT NEWS “fishgeek” Jonathan Lavan; May 31 to June 7 Northern Bahamas Lionfish Control Study aboard Aqua Cat Liveaboard led by Director of Special Projects Lad Akins and Board of Trustee member Peter Hughes. For more information on these trips, and to sign up, visit

Haunted Happenings at Dutch Springs! Favored dive site and camping locale Dutch Springs in Bethlehem, PA, is delivering a season filled with frights, sights, and spooky fun! The frightening festivities begin Saturday October 5 with the 14th annual underwater pumpkin carving contest. From 10:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m., guests can etch their creepy, zany, or funny designs onto the festive gourds; registration begins at 10 at The Blue Koi Gift Shoppe and all pumpkins must be turned in by 1:45. Carvers are required to BYOP (“bring your own pumpkin”) and pay a $5 registration fee. A week later, on October 12, the Lehigh Valley Storytelling Guild will present its annual Fright Night beginning at 6 p.m.; the cost for admission is $10 per adult and $4 per adolescent aged six to 17. For more information on these eerie events, visit

Congrats to Bill Pfeiffer! The National Association of Underwater Instructors (NAUI) recently announced its nomination and selection of William (Bill) E. Pfeiffer as a recipient for its NAUI Outstanding Service Award! A man of many hats and interests, Bill has worked tirelessly to help strengthen his local dive communities and industries – organizing a cleanup promoting the sport; instructing the next generation of professionals. Bill also serves as owner of Island Diving on Long Island, NYC and is a strong supporter of the Long Island Divers Association. In addition to these fine accomplishments, Bill has dedicated much of his time as a Dive News Network Northeast editor and correspondent. The awards will be presented at this year’s DEMA 2013 show Wednesday November 6 from 2 to 4 p.m. at the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, FL. This year the NAUI Awards committee approved 14 total OSA nominations; further information on the nomination process can be found on NAUI’s website at And for more information on Bill, check out how his website at 12

Federal Investigation Continues as Dolphins Wash on Jersey Shores NOAA (National Ocean & Atmospheric Administration) joined forces with New Jersey and has provided financial support to the (DEP) Department of Environmental Protection’s Division of Fish and Wildlife in order to monitor, recover and investigate the cause of Dolphin deaths as they wash ashore between New Jersey and North Carolina. Hundreds of bottlenose dolphins are believed to be infected with a measles-like disease. The DEP has added boat and air patrols in an effort to assist stranded dolphins in order to recover them. They are also closely monitoring the water conditions. The public is warned there are potential risks to the general public as contracting a secondary pathogen from exposure to a stranded or dead dolphin is possible. Additionally, there is also a risk of sharks feeding on the dying mammals and the public is cautioned to not approach them and keep their pets away. If you see a dying or dead dolphin, contact Marine Mammal Stranding Center’s hotline 609-266-0538 and for more info from NOAA please visit

EHVORS Honored with SUP Excitement A friendly NY stand up paddleboard (SUP) competition, to be hosted from Lazy Point Launch at Napeague Harbor in Amagnsett to Eddie Ecker State Park in Montauk, will pay tribute to the devoted men and women of East Hampton Volunteer Ocean Rescue Squad (EHVORS) who provide safety during local water sports events. Offering a healthy blend of user friendliness and technical challenges, the race will take place Saturday October 12 beginning with registration at 7:30 a.m. The six-mile down-wind course will run through the following divisions: Women’s 12-6 and 12-under; Men’s 14, 12-6 and 12-under. The race is sponsored by Surftech and Werner Paddles who have generously donated prizes and swag. For more information, and to register, contact Main Beach Shop at

Now 20, REEF Prepares for 2014 Adventures

Experts Share Stories of Great Lakes Seaway

Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF) recently celebrated its 20th birthday in mid-August – the organization has taken great strides to inform the public education on reef structures and marine life via scientific research, entertaining and engaging “fishinars”, and other initiatives. As part of its important overarching mission, the organization is continuing survey trips in 2014. The earliest excursions will take place at the following locations and dates: Castle Comfort, Dominica February 22 to March 1 led by REEF founders and acclaimed authors, photographers, and naturalists Ned and Anna DeLoach; Blackbird Bay Resort, Belize April 26 to May 3 lead by REEF

Adventurers with a taste for water and land have greatly enjoyed the majesty and complexity of the Great Lakes Seaway Trail – a special reflection and informative series of presentations to honor the popular adventure destination, the Great Lakes Seaway Trail Blue Byway Seminar, will take place October 5 beginning at 9 a.m. at SUNY Oswego in Oswego, NY. Special guest Christopher Nicholson, acclaimed for his work on remotely-piloted vehicles (RPVs), which have been featured and used in many film and television projects, will present his work during the program. For more information, and to register in advance, visit


The Historical Diving Society USA will hold its annual conference at Divers Academy International in Erial, New Jersey October 4 to 6. The program, chock full of presentations, will include other various events such as a tour of the school, an evening banquet about the USS New Jersey, an opening Meet & Greet, and many others. Throughout the weekend event, diving industry experts and community leaders will enrich and entertain guests with the following presentations: •

Armored Warriors of the Deep by Georgann and Mike Wachter paints a perfect picture of the development of diving. Donning “dive armor”, which were dive suits used by hard hat divers of yesteryear, underwater workers shaped the face of Chicago from salvage work and treasure seeking to construction and demolition. These important architects of history made the Great Lakes region what it is today. Following the story, the Wachters will demonstrate commercial equipment. Salvage at Scapa Flow, Scotland, presented by Bernie Chowdhury, showcases Scotland’s Orkney Islands, which are often referred to as “the cold water diving Truk Lagoon” and remain one of Europe’s most popular cold water wreck diving sites. Through detailed slideshows, Chowdhury will share the doomed history of 74 scuttled German High Seas Fleet ships circa 1919. The presentation will also shed light on the myriad salvage operations conducted on these shops. Bob Croft, The Navy Diver Submariner “Father of American Freediving” presented by Bob Croft showcases the writer and diver’s recent eponymous autobiography. The book covers his life as a free diver and highlights his impressive

accomplishments, namely being the first person to free dive beyond 200 feet while breath-holding. Croft will also share inside stories and the deep history behind his submariner training. The history of the Tarrytown Labs and hyperbaric research with the late Dr. Bill Hamilton, the development of NITROX – ATM will be presented by life support experts Glenn Butler and Dave Kenyon. Their lecture will cover the history of the Union Carbide – Ocean Systems Laboratory and research with the late Dr. Bill Hamilton. Topics will include decompression table development, Rapid Compression to 31 Atmospheres, Underwater Habitati living, the development of NOAA NITROX tables, Using Nitrox to repair the Hubble Space Telescope as well as the future of Hyperbarics in Deep Underground Tunneling using Helium / Neon gas mixtures.

Honored guest and legendary diver Stan Waterman will serve as keynote speaker during the conference. Waterman’s accomplishments and additions to the diving industry are myriad and his work on many television documentaries has introduced countless divers to the community, industry, and lifestyle. “To preserve, study, compile, archive, and disseminate information relating to the history of man’s underwater activities and to promote public awareness of and participation in underwater activities,” the organization’s credo, is an important element of the diving community at large – where SCUBA began will help guide the path to its next destination. For more information on the organization, its efforts, and how you can contribute, visit ■ 13

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Historical Diving Society Holds Annual Conference



Pennsylvania - Diving the Keystone State ▲▲Bainbridge Quarry © John Thibodoux

One of the original 13 colonies, the state of Pennsylvania is oftentimes referred to as the Keystone State or the Quaker State. Things that usually come to mind when speaking of this deeply layered state are its notable historic figures and places, a rich and significant history, steel industries, chocolate and of course, “brotherly love.” You may not realize that among the towering mountains and sprawling farms, lies another world beneath the surface. Sparkling lakes and quarries can be found just outside of large cities. Winding rivers and waterways bisect the mountains. All provide unique treasures and unlimited amusement for any diver willing to venture off the beaten path. Pennsylvania has 51 miles of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. It shares its borders with six other states: New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio. Some of the more frequented recreational areas include Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River and the

Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. Other popular destinations include the Erie National Wildlife Refuge, the Lehigh Valley, and Central Pennsylvania’s Susquehanna River Valley. Dottie Walker of Lehigh Valley Dive Center in Bethlehem, PA is very familiar with all the local diving hot spots. Lehigh Valley Dive Center is an authorized NAUI, PADI and SDI/TDI center, providing scuba and snorkeling lessons, dive equipment, service and memorable dive trips. “We have several pools around the Lehigh Valley where we do our initial training,” says Dottie. “We also take many trips beyond local diving. In fact, we’re currently planning a trip for June of 2014 to the out islands of the Bahamas, and are looking forward to a wonderful, lazy week!”

Dutch Springs Recreation Area This 50-acre lake is located just a few miles north of Bethlehem, PA and about an hour’s drive from Philadelphia. Dutch Springs was

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initially a cement plant constructed by the National Portland Cement Company. In 1980, the property was purchased by Stu Schooley, who (with the aid of his wife Jane Wells-Schooley), slowly developed the land into the second largest dive training facility in the Eastern United States. “We’re constantly improving and expanding all facets of our business,” says Stu. “Our divers would tell us they wanted to bring their families with them, but there was nothing here for non-divers to do. So we thought about ways to expand the venue.” Today, Dutch Springs Recreation Area includes the Aqua Park, Sky Challenge, and NorthStar Adventures, which provides adventure-based teambuilding experiences for corporations and youth groups. “People come from all over to dive at Dutch,” says Dottie. “There are many interesting things that have been sunk here, including airplanes, a helicopter, fire truck, a tanker and several vehicles. And Dutch is very safety conscious. They always have

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▲▲Catching some serious air on Guppy Gulch’s infamous BLOB. Photo courtesy Guppy Gulch.

Delaware Water Gap The Delaware Water Gap is an S-shaped pass that cuts through a large ridge of the Appalachian Mountains. It forms the southern portion of the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, a 40-mile river valley encompassing nearly 70,000 acres along the Middle Delaware National Scenic and Recreational River in Pennsylvania

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▲▲Crusty’s Quarry. Photo courtesy Crusty’s Quarry.

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Guppy Gulch Nestled in the rolling hills and farms of Southern Pennsylvania is the surprising haven of Guppy Gulch. Steve Deem, (owner of the Aquatic Connection in Baltimore, Maryland) purchased 22 acres of the abandoned quarry and surrounding land in 1988, transforming it into one of the area’s most popular dive training facilities and recreational water venues. Guppy Gulch is a multi-faceted venue— part dive training center, part water park, part aquatic campground, and all-around fun. It features six sunken vessels, two locomotives, three flat cars, six or eight motorcycles, and an airplane cockpit. It is a preferred open-water training site for students of all experience levels. “It is a distinctive 3-level quarry,” explains Steve. “This allows us to train every level of diver, from beginner all the way through advanced.” The Guppy Gulch Water Park is 13 acres of dazzling blue water and over-sized toys for climbing, bouncing and splashing— waterslides, a zip line, water trampoline, boulder jumping, and of course, the infamous BLOB and mini blob. The water park is open to camps, sports teams, boy & girl scouts, youth groups and church groups. They also offer a palm tree beach, kayaking and snorkeling instruction, and the Aquatic Adventure Camp, open to youth groups and corporate team building exercises.

Crusty’s Quarry Local area resident Scott Camerlo is the owner of Scott’s Scuba Service, a full service dive shop in Freeport, PA. In 1999, he and his wife Laura purchased Crusty’s Quarry, a 10 acre spring-fed lake outside of Slippery Rock, PA for use as a training site and to promote diving. The quarry also boasts a small, satellite dive center on site. The lake was a former quarry, once stripped for sand and gravel. “The deepest point of the quarry is 47 feet but the best diving is around the perimeter, in about six to 20 feet of water,” advises Scott. “Beyond that there’s not enough light or warmth, and you get into more of a muddy, mucky area.” The population of marine life includes bluegill, largemouth and smallmouth bass, sunfish, perch, catfish, turtles, and even a freshwater jellyfish. The quarry’s underwater attractions include several cabin cruisers, a 44-passenger bus, two automobiles, a tomahawk airplane and two training platforms 20 feet below the surface. There is also an area called Pirates’ Cove which includes a treasure chest, a replicated pirate cannon, and an anchor off of a pirate ship.


people on the shore, boats and guards. They are very concerned with what’s going on at all times.”


DIVE SITES :: US DIVE SITES :: NORTHEAST and New Jersey. The park is a popular destination for watersports enthusiasts, offering such recreational outlets as rafting, canoeing, swimming, fishing, snorkeling and of course, diving. There have been at least two railroad accidents along the Delaware Water Gap, and wreckage from the second accident still remains beneath the water. “We enjoy diving the train wreck,” says Dottie. “It’s a steep climb to get in but it’s a lot of fun.” On a good day you can almost make out the wreck from the surface. The top of the wreck starts around seven feet, with a dark hole downstream at the back that bottoms out around 14 feet. Willow Springs This spring-fed quarry in Richland, PA is popular with both experienced and novice divers. There are several unusual attractions to be found here, including a plane, school bus, caboose, a crane, cabin cruiser, and a 72-foot boat called Quest. The Willow Springs Dive Facility & Scuba Shop also offers classes and instruction for new students. Other amenities include a fully stocked dive shop, rental gear, air fills, repair services and both hydrostatic and visual tank inspections. “Our dive club regularly goes to Willows Springs,” says Dottie. “Susan Mendez, the club president, just recently set up a treasure hunt there and everyone had a great time.”

Haven, PA. The bridge crosses the West Branch of the Susquehanna River, between Lock Haven on the south bank and Lockport on the north. Built in 1852, the original structure was an 800 foot covered bridge, complete with a toll house and pedestrian walkway. The current steel bridge was constructed in 1986, and sits slightly upstream of the Lock Haven Dam. This is a shallow dive, maxing out at a depth of 22 feet. Divers can find the remains of an 80-foot barge dating back to the 1800’s, as well as a 12- to 14-foot boat, boulders, and other treasures. A great wvariety of sealife can also be found here, including bass, catfish, carp and turtles. Bainbridge Quarry This 27-acre spring-fed lake is operated and maintained by Bainbridge Scuba Center in Lancaster County. The on-site center offers a dive shop, air fill station, bath house, rental equipment, and an enclosed, insulated structure ideal for classroom instruction. There are a number of oddities that can be found beneath its waters, including a bulldozer, airplane fuselage, numerous boats, a school bus, several training platforms, a tanker, a van, a motorcycle and more. The lowest depth in the quarry is 120 feet, with the training platforms located between 15 and 60 feet.

▼▼Dutch Springs Aqua Park. Photo courtesy Dutch Springs.

For the extended edition of this story, which includes additional information and more dive sites, visit our website at

▼▼Jay Street Bridge, Lock Haven, PA

Long Island Divers Association LIDA is a not-for-profit regional organization dedicated to the promotion of local diving and is staffed completely by volunteers.

▼▼“This place is sick; best water park I have been to!” Austin P., Dolphin, PA. Photo courtesy Guppy Gulch.

Captain Mike’s Diving City Island, NY 718-885-1588

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Jay Street Bridge One of the more historic sites is the Jay Street Bridge in Lock






Rex Dive Center


(203) 853-4148


Just Scuba!!!


(860) 303-4612


Scuba Shack - Ct

Rocky Hill

( 860) 563-0119


Captain Saam’s Scuba School


(203) 327-2822


New England Dive Center


(203) 284-1880


Salty Dog Dive Center


(302) 994-3483

Dive Center

(207) 784-7300


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MAINE Barclay’s Skindivers Paradise




(207) 775-3467


MARYLAND Divers Den MD Aqua Ventures, Inc.


(410) 668-6866



(410) 666-2326



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Adventure Diving of Cape Cod


Boston Scuba

E. Boston

Andy’s Sport Shop


Cape Ann Divers


Dive Center

North Atlantic Scuba


(781) 834-4087



(508) 651-0698


South Shore Divers Inc Westfield Water Sport/Wilderness Experiences

North Weymouth

(617) 484-5246

(610) 759-2270


Lehigh Valley Dive


(610) 746-4016



(412) 262-2664





(215) 256-6000

Dive Center

Uncle Joe’s Scuba


Indian Valley Scuba

(617) 277-2216


B & B Diving - 2 quarries


(724) 667-9448


(508) 237-5897


Underwater World, Inc.


(215) 672-4180


(617) 846-5151


Randy’s Dive Shop

(978) 343-6330


Lancaster Scuba Center


(413) 569-1287

Store/Charter Store w/indoor pool

NEW HAMPSHIRE Sharkbait Diving Adventures


(617) 966-0111


UW Sports of New Hampshire


(603) 357-4430



(603) 432-3483

Dive Center

Aquatic Escapes Dive Center


Diver’s World

Diver Jim’s / Belmont Scuba

Mass Diving



(724) 863-0752



(717) 397-2822


Northeast Scuba Supply


(610) 631-2288



(267) 343-5590





(401) 560-0280

East Bay Dive Center


(401) 247-2420


Giant Stride Dive Shop


(401) 732-8808



(802) 865-2771



(703) 753-1127



(703) 263-0427



VIRGINIA Coral Edge Adventures


(603) 279-9099


Adventure Scuba Company

Aquatic Specialties


(603) 889-7655


Dive Connections


(434) 964-9200


Scuba Buddy’s


(540) 433-3337


Gypsy Blood Dive



Sports Factory


(804) 746-3483


The Dive Shop NJ

Cherry Hill

(856) 751.0308


Patriot Scuba


(703) 490-1175


Chesapeake Bay Diving Center




(571) WOW-DIVE


East Hanover

(973) 887-0194


Atlantic Divers

Lakeland Divers, Inc.

Egg Harbor Twp

(609) 641-7722


Atlantic Wreck Diving Inc.

Lake Hiawatha

(973) 887-3337

Dive Charter

Lynnhaven Dive Center

Virginia Beach

(757) 481-7949


American Diving Supply


(609) 646-5090


Under Pressure Diving (Sept-May)

Virginia Beach

(757) 537-6524


Atlantic Spear & Scuba

Point Pleasant Beach

(732) 740-2554



(703) 878-4365


Ocean Explorer Charters


(201) 664-3483


(518) 456-8146


NEW YORK Seguin’s Scuba Center Lake Erie Diving Center Finger Lake Scuba Jeanne II Diving Charters Stingray Divers Discover Diving

Albany Angola

(716) 549-3338



(800) 764-3483


Quantico Scuba

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Tri-City Scuba Centre


(718) 384-1280


Dive Tech Training Centre


(519) 358-1988



(705) 687-5879



(519) 581-1044



(613) 923-1992

Store/Training Store/Charter


(716) 685-4557


Diver’s Nook

Parry Sound

(705) 746-9757

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City Island

(718) 885-1588


Scuba 2000

Richmond Hill

(905) 771-1500


Sea Turtle Dive Charters

East Hampton

(631) 335-6323

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Thousand Island Pleasure Diving


Charter Charter

Sidekick Diving Adventures

East Moriches

(631) 965-8099

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Discovery Charters


(807) 824-3323

Pisces School of Dive Inc.

East Rochester

(585) 381-2842


Dan’s Dive Shop

St Catharine’s

(905) 984-2167


National Aquatic Services

East Syracuse

(315) 479-5544


Thunder Country Diving

Thunder Country

(807) 623-6550


Divers Den


(519) 596-2363


Ed’s Pro Dive Center


(607) 368-2096


Lockness Dive Boat


(516) 298-2633


Dive Master Services Inc.



Mobile Air Fills

Cojo Diving


(855) 646-2656


Long Island

(845) 735-5550


Dive Shack

Saint John

(506) 634-8265


Anything Underwater

New Paltz

(845) 590-9721


Dive Junkee

New York

Social Media

(902) 345-2215


Oceanblue Divers

New York

(347) 497-3483



Pan Aqua Diving Inc. Port Diver Scuba Center Hampton Dive Center Swim and Scuba Above & Below the Water Training Center

New York

(212) 736-3483


Port Jefferson Station

(631) 331-9609



(631) 727-7578

Dive Center

Rockville Centre

(516) 872-4571


Sandy Creek

(315) 727-9812

Training Center

Blue Ocean Divers


(607) 757-2930



(516) 826-SCBA


NOVA SCOTIA Easy Dive Canada LTD

Cape Breton Is.

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Central New Hampshire Divers



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DAN Teaches Lifesaving Skills Divers Alert Network (DAN), a nonprofit scuba diving and dive safety association aimed at providing expert medical advice for underwater injuries and emergencies, will offer a specialized training course October 19 in Louisville, KY. The course, Instructor Trainer Workshop, takes place at local medical training center Bluewater Firstaid from 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. The workshop will credential participants as Instructor Trainer in the four courses that comprise the DAN Diving Emergency Management Provider (DEMP) program; subjects include Basic Life Support, CPR & First Aid, Emergency Oxygen for Scuba Diving Injuries, Neurological Assessment, and First Aid for Hazardous Marine Life Injuries. To attend the event, divers must be an active scuba instructor with a recognized training agency; or must be an active IDC Staff Instructor or DiveCon Instructor and with DAN DES Instructor recognition; or an instructor trainer with a recognized CPR/first aid organization with a DAN DES Instructor recognition. For more information on this specific training opportunity, visit or call 502-3867598.

What do an Old Lungfish, a Baby Beluga, and Halloween Have in Common? Shedd Aquarium of Chicago, IL, is abuzz with activities for ocean and marine life lovers of all ages! Recently, Shedd’s star attraction and senior resident, a beloved Australian lungfish appropriately named “Granddad”, received praise as staff celebrated his 80th anniversary as a Shedd resident – adding to this distinction, Granddad is also the longest surviving fish who has lived in an aquarium. On the opposite end of the age spectrum, beluga whale Kimalu turned one year old on August 27. The calf has aged very well and is putting on a healthy weight: as her teeth begin setting in, she happily eats four and a half pounds of fish a day. Lastly, Shedd will host its annual Spooky Seas Family Overnight event beginning Saturday October 25 at 6:30 18

p.m., which is a specialty themed overnight stay at the aquarium chock full of themed presentations, mysterious encounters with animals, dinner and breakfast, and many other activities! Children must be at least five years old to participate, and while Halloween costumes are optional, they are encouraged. For more details on these and upcoming events, visit

Scuba Symposium Returns to Ohio A time honored tradition and favorite Midwest SCUBA celebration, the Shipwrecks and Scuba Symposium will take place Saturday November 23 at the Sawmill Creek Resort and Lodge in Huron, Ohio (about 20 minutes east of Sandusky). Now in its 30th year, the symposium will feature presentations and lectures from SCUBA leaders such as shipwreck expert David Trotter; producer, lecturer, and author Ric Mixter; and acclaimed deep ocean explorer and environmentally-conscious business strategist Fabien Couesteau who will present “Oasis in Space, The Great Ocean Adventure”. This event is hosted and put together by Bay Area Divers of Sandusky. For more information, and to reserve your spot, visit

WDHOF Announces 2014 Scholarships and Grants The Women Divers Hall of Fame (WDHOF) is proud to continue its tradition of rewarding excellent through its unique opportunities and financial endeavors via its latest scholarship and grant initiatives. Aiming to help individuals of all ages, particularly those interested in pursuing professional careers related to diving, scholarships and grants have opened up in the following fields: conservation, marine biology, underwater archeology, journalism, graphic arts, or photography. These funds will go to fuel tuition and fees, independent research, and/or an internship program at an accredited university. Submissions must be entered by November 23 at midnight EST and must be delivered online; applicants will be notified of their award status February 1, 2014. For more information, and to apply today, visit

Sea of Change Hits the Airwaves The therapeutic effects of weightlessness within the underwater world are well recognized within medical communities. The pressure caused from deep submersion has often brought back temporary feeling to numbed or even paralyzed nerves, which in turn has imbued a spirit of renewal within disabled people. “Sea of Change”, a video documentary by Emmy Award winning producer and director Chris Schueler, follows the lives of ten individuals, including 24 year old Cody Unser, who is paralyzed from Transverse Myelitis, and is the leading figure behind the Cody Unser First Step Foundation. The open waters of the sea hold no limits for these determined people as they experience a freedom not found on the surface world. The documentary has been shown on various PBS affiliates and special screenings throughout the U.S. For more information, visit and

Cal Kothrade Engages UASC Audience Shipwreck expert and SCUBA entrepreneur Cal Kothrade recently gave an important presentation as a guest speaker for September’s Underwater Archeological Society of Chicago (UASC) meeting. He gave a detailed overview of the wreck of the Prins Willem with a focus on some of the lesser known details of the ship and its history. Included in the presentation was video documentation, which highlighted the unfortunate, although inevitable, deterioration of the wreck. In addition, Kothrade explained the fine principles of underwater videography. For information on ongoing and future UASC projects, visit; information on Kothrade and his many fields can be found at

NEWS | EVENTS :: REGIONAL :: MIDWEST By John Tapley Photos courtesy Steve Philbrook

This year’s high spirits festival included a number of interesting activities, which entertained and challenged its guests. Divers searched throughout the lake in search of several medallions, which were carefully and discretely hidden: each medallion was linked to a corresponding prize; and observant divers were richly rewarded with

▲▲Ore-Be-Gone is a popular spot for cliff jumping.

With another successful year completed, the crew at Aquaventure Dive & Photo Center looking to the future and anticipate 2014’s ScubaPalooza will be even greater than the last. For more information on Aquaventure Dive & Photo center and upcoming information on next year’s event, visit ■

▲▲ Ore-Be-Gone hosts numerous wrecks and relics to explore.


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Our scene begins at Lake Ore-Be-Gone of Gilbert, Minnesota: an artificial lake featuring three open-pit iron ore mines and plenty of unique vehicles of years gone by. Minnesota divers (and some from abroad) have eagerly anticipated the return of a favored event – gear at the ready for a good time. It’s a temperate midAugust day on a calm Saturday; and then 9 a.m. ▲▲The event brought the SCUBA community together. breaks. The divers and their families appear with excitement for what the day has to offer. The quality items from event sponsors. During the Photo Hunt scavenger familiar, appealing sound of splashing mixed with laughter - and the hunt, shutterbugs swarmed the underwater world of Lake Ore-Bearoma of delicious BBQ - fills the quarry. In other words, it’s a perfect Gone with an amusing competition: to capture four specific lake day to dive. Now in its fourth incarnation, Scuba-Palooza continues targets on film. Divers who successfully completed the task received its mission of warm invitation and camaraderie. participation awards and accolades. They then entered their images into a corresponding photo contest with prizes awarded to first, Founded by Aquaventure Dive & Photo Center of nearby second, and “best all around” submissions. As the day died down, the Maple Grove, Minnesota, Scuba-Palooza has played a valuable role event concluded with guests filling their hungry bellies with savory in bringing the Minnesota dive community together. The annual BBQ; an evening slideshow and video event around the campfire celebration commemorates the waning of the summer season with followed the feast. Many participants, inspired by the serenity of the an enthusiastic vigor, which keeps divers active in the sport. Since its lake, stayed overnight. creation in 2009, Scuba-Palooza’s headcount has grown exponentially: this year over 100 happy divers participated in the communal event. Sponsors included Aqualung, Deepsee, INON, Watershot, “We wanted to build, not a dive club, but a dive community where Nauticam, Atomic, DUI, Mares, Ikelite, Sealife, Akona, Sherwood, divers could meet each other,” explains Aquaventure owners and Sealife Aquarium, Scubamax, Innovative Scubs, and many others. event organizers Steve and Jolene Philbrook. “And Lake-Ore-BeThese companies generously donated gear, apparel, and SCUBA and Gone is one of the best mine pits in Minnesota, if not the best. There’s water sports-related items, which were utilized as prizes. a lot to see for fresh water diving.”


Scuba-Palooza Enhances Minnesota Scuba Community



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▲▲Heiko Zuerker looks for ‘the shot’ on the bow of the Selvick.

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▲▲Our pontoon boat anchored over one of the many shallow wrecks.

▲▲Lake Superior sunsets rarely disappoint.

The Shallow Wrecks of Munising Article and images by Cal Kothrade The term “wreck diving” carries with it connotations of deep, dark, cold diving, even to seasoned veterans of the sport, but the old adage is true, you don’t have to be deep to be diving. And if you’re not deep, there’s a good chance it’s not dark and cold either. There are literally hundreds of locations around the shores of the Great Lakes offering shallow wreck dives, where divers can take advantage of the warm water that hovers near the sun lit surface in mid to late summer. One such place is Munising, Michigan. Located on the southern shores of Lake Superior, Munising is a true gem of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. The small town of about 2300 residents is nestled into the bottom of South Bay, and many of the star attraction shipwrecks here are protected by Grand Island, which often acts as a shield against the full force of Superior’s northerly winds and waves. Knowledgeable dive charter services can be easily secured during the summer season for those desiring some ‘zero effort’ diving, but

if you are seeking slightly more adventure, and the freedom to dive at your own pace without the crowds, a pontoon boat rental is just the thing. Local proprietors Jim and Sharon Seaberg, own Seaberg Pontoon Rentals. They offer large, spacious, nicely appointed boats for half, full or multi day rental, allowing you the freedom of going where you want and when. The boats make great dive platforms, and have a boarding ladder on the back, making your water exit hassle free, just be sure to remove your tanks and weights before climbing aboard as the ladders are not designed to support divers and their gear. The boat’s deck is low enough that gear can be pulled up by someone onboard. Their boats even have a pop-up privacy tent for changing and what they call a ‘Yooper port-o-potty’. My Milwaukee based dive club chose to combine our three day weekend of diving with camping, as we often do. Munising’s Tourist Park Campground is just a mile or so west of downtown on highway M-28. The


▲▲The author, Cal Kothrade, sets up an over/under shot.

▲▲The starboard rail and stack of the Selvick.

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park offers spots for tenters, campers and RV’s along the pristine sand beach where you can swim, snorkel, shore dive (to about 60 feet deep) or just hang out while beating the heat. Clean bathrooms and showers are on site, as is free WI-Fi, electricity, and water hook ups for campers. If camping isn’t your speed, there are several lodging choices in and around town ranging from budget minded to quite nice! Our group consisted of seven divers, so we opted to rent two boats from the friendly folks at Seaberg, and kept them overnight with the intention of doing a morning dive the day of our departure. Mother Nature altered our final day plans though, kicking up some nautical conditions, and our last day rental was refunded to us without us asking. We beached the boats literally seventy-five feet from our campsite, making for hassle free loading and unloading of gear. The provided anchors were well placed on the shore to keep our rentals safe overnight. Our first stop was the ever popular “Bermuda”. The poster child wreck for the area, the Bermuda is visited several times daily during the summer months by glass

▲▲High tech and no tech, at the Bermuda’s rudder.

bottom boat tours, as it sits in only 30 feet of Murray Bay water, protected by Grand Island, and is easily visible with it’s deck rising up to mere feet below the surface. She is a 130’ long wooden schooner that sank in 1870. Due to its protected location, the wreck is remarkably intact, and provides penetration opportunities into her empty cargo holds. One member of our group enjoys free diving, and capitalized on the chance to play in the 69F degree sun drenched waters, darting in and out of the Bermuda’s open cargo hatches like some sort of playful freshwater sea lion. After breaking for lunch, we headed over to the Steven M. Selvick, a 71’ steel tug that was intentionally sunk off Trout Point in 1996 for the Alger Underwater Preserve. It lies in sixty feet of water, totally intact, currently hard over on her port side on a rocky bottom. I’m told the wreck has shifted it’s position during harsh winter storm surge at least once since going to the bottom. It rises to within 30’ of the surface and offers penetration opportunities, though a few of the openings are a bit on the tight side. The Selvick and the Bermuda are marked with buoys you can, and should tie up to, but some of the area’s lesser visited

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▲▲Free diver Reason Pylant glides to the surface from the Bermuda’s hold.


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DIVE SITES :: US DIVE SITES :: MIDWEST and shallower wrecks are only marked with a small float often tied to a concrete block, and not always labeled as to which wreck it is. To dive these sites you will need to anchor into the bottom (off the wreck please), to keep from dragging the markers and missing the wreck all together. Our third dive Saturday was on a wooden vessel in about 20’ of water, half a mile south of the Selvick. We thought it may be the Herman H. Hettler, but weren’t sure. Diving without a guide can be great fun, especially when you don’t know for sure what you are diving on! More discussion with the dive shop personnel in town might have solved the mystery, but where’s the fun in that? We will research it on our own, using clues from the dive, like the steel rails on the bottom, and the entire port side sitting 100’ off to the southeast

of the keelsons that two members of our group found after everyone else was done diving for the day. There are more than thirty wrecks in the immediate vicinity, some shallow, some deep, and some currently buried under the ever shifting sands of Lake Superior’s picturesque shoreline. With boat rentals, dive charter boat services, and dive shops for your fills and gear needs all right there, Munising is a fantastic dive destination for folks watching their budgets, or looking for a nearby place to enjoy a long weekend. Snorkeling, free diving or diving on some shallow, sunlit, warm water Great Lakes Wrecks is easy here in the Zebra Mussel free waters of late summer Lake Superior. ■

▲▲The spectacular view of Miner’s Castle, from high atop the cliffs.

▲▲Diver Steven Wimer II prepares to roll in over the Bermuda.

▲▲The pilot house of the Selvick is easily explored.

▲▲The purpose sunk 71’ tug, Steven M. Selvick.

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▲▲One of Seaberg’s many rental pontoons, spacious and easy to dive from.

▲▲Steven Wimer II at the bow of the sunlit Bermuda.


▲▲Freediver Reason Pylant waiting for my cue to enter the Bermuda.

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NEWS | EVENTS :: NORTHWEST HOT NEWS Exercise with Extra-Large Residents Guests visiting Vancouver Aquarium will have an extra special event to attend: the aquarium’s resident beluga whales, Qila and Aurora, are participating in a tranquil exercise program throughout the next few months. Blanketed by the soothing environment of the aquarium and its inhabitants, participants will enjoy specialized Hatha yoga sessions with the whales peacefully swimming about. The opportunity will be presented by certified yoga and Pilates instructor Celeste Lyon. Tickets for the next event, to be held October 15, cost $21 for aquarium members and $31.50 for non-members. Sign up for upcoming classes today at

Bubbles Below Joins REEF for ID Class Wanting to brush up on your invertebrate ID skills? Wondering the best place to find your favorite Puget Sound crustaceans? Dive center Bubbles Below, located in Woodinville, WA, will host a Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF) invertebrate identification class Tuesday October 22 at 6:30 p.m. After presenting the 46 Pacific Northwest invertebrate species, illustrated by beautiful photos from instructor Laurel LaFever, the class will follow with a Level 2 REEF Invertebrate Quiz where studious participants can earn a Level 2 rating! And best of all, this class is 100% free! For more information, visit or call 425-424-3483.

silent auction, and lunch catered by Burgerson-the-Run. Prizes included gear and merchandise worth $16,000 from leading industry manufacturers; si lent auction items were valued at over $20,000. Dive businesses Deep Blue Adventures, DiveEncounters, and Matava Eco Adventure Resort donated special trip packages to eager participants. For more information on upcoming Dive for a Cure events, including volunteer and sponsorship opportunities, visit

A BC Shipwreck Mystery! The Underwater Archeological Society of British Columbia (UASBC) is continuing its mission to educate the public through the enjoyment of BC’s rich maritime history through a series of free presentations. Each monthly event takes place at the Maritime Museum of BC in Bastion Square, Victoria on the second Wednesday of each month beginning at 7 p.m. October’s presentation, “AUV’s and the Search for Erebus and Terror” will be delivered by research engineer Alison Proctor who piloted her AUV (autonomous underwater vehicle) last summer in search of mid-1800s British Royal Navy ships HMS Erebus and HMS Terror. Proctor will showcase the ins and outs of her unique device and will uncover her expedition findings. For more information, visit

be photographer’s last name_image title. jpeg and the entry fee is $15 per piece. An artist reception, to be held November 3, will display the pieces, which will run for the rest of the month. Three prizes will be given to the top three contestants: $300 for Best of Show; $100 Best Above Water Photograph; $100 Best Underwater Photograph. For a thorough list of rules and regulations, contact Mary Bess Johnson at 425-7740946 or More information on the gallery can be found at

Researchers Note Puzzling Sunflower Starfish Peril Diver, ROV pilot, photographer, and research associate of Simon Fraser University Jonathan Martin has been hard at work tracking a mysterious die-off of Sunflower Starfish off BC waters. Through a series of photos and videos, Martin presents his evidence of the dire situation: the starfish are in a strange state of decay. This revelation is especially dangerous to other forms of marine life, and specifically other starfish species, which feed off of the affected animals. Experts are looking into the matter and are formulating hypothesis as to the nature of this situation: disease, combined with a recent population boom, may be the culprit. According to sea star expert Neil McDaniel, who conducted field research at Howe Sound, hundreds of dead and dying animals were discovered losing body mass and were flatter than normal. DNN will continue reporting on this story as more information develops.

Another Successful Dive for a Cure! An eventful and charitable tradition, created and managed by Eugene Skin Divers Supply of Eugene, OR, continued September 21 with outstanding results. Benefitting the OHSU Knight Cancer Institute for cancer research, the 6th Annual Dive for a Cure fundraiser took place under the beautiful sunny sky at Woahink Lake in nearby Florence with around $50,000 earned for the worthy cause. Activities during the day included diving, an underwater poker run, a land-based fin race, an “octopus throw”, a 24

Edmonds Gallery Invites Water Photographers to Showcase their Work Looking to showcase your best waterrelated Pacific Northwest photos? Gallery North Edmonds of Edmonds, WA is hosting a friendly competition, Northwest Water Views, this fall. Entrants may submit up to two photograph in jpeg format, 1800px on the longest side, which will be sent to by midnight October 3 for promotional items and October 13 for other imagery. The naming convention used for files must

SUP Challenge Series Finale! The Standup World Series, a division of the recognized ocean sports organization Waterman League, which focuses on stand up paddle boarding (SUP), will finish its nine month world competition off the pristine shores of Oahu, HI. The long distance challenge, which will take place October 11, begins at Turtle Bay and continues down to Haleiwa: this trek will provide 13 miles of open ocean excitement! For more information, visit

NEWS | EVENTS :: REGIONAL :: NORTHWEST Shark Facts – Know more and become better involved in conservation!

Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium presents Eye-to-Eye Shark Dive Adventures By Selene Muldowney Photos courtesy Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium From the heroic ventures and tales of sea captains to pop-culture movies like Jaws, and most recently the terrifyingly cheesy Sharknado, sharks have carried a legendary reputation as ravenous beasts. It is impossible to have a casual conversation on this topic – invoking feelings from fear to incredible passion.

Located at Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium in Tacoma, Washington, Eye-toEye Shark Dive is a unique experience like no other. As a feature of the South Pacific Aquarium section, this opportunity moves the viewer from the couch – face to face with one of the most respected denizens of the deep. It is an exhilarating, edgy, tell your friends experience. Eye-to-eye is an opportunity to learn first-hand about these majestic animals. Visitors can climb into South Pacific Aquarium with more than a dozen sharks including a 450 pound, nine foot lemon shark. No diving experience is necessary to enjoy this special program and it is open to any shark lover aged eight or older. Under the careful guidance of trained divers, visitors will breathe surface supplied air as

Guaranteed to be more exciting (and realistic) than Sharknado, this presentation debunks the legendary tales of fearsome and gruesome creatures lurking in the water. Prices for the cage dive cost $50 for zoo members and $65 for non-members. The cost for the scuba dive is $160 for zoo members and $175 for non-members. Prices include zoo admission and a souvenir Eyeto-Eye Shark Dive Towels. “The main goal of this program is to publicize the plight of sharks worldwide and to inspire people right here in Puget Sound to help protect and conserve marine life for future generations,” zoo deputy director John Houck said. “We want our visitors to leave with a pledge to take action that will help save sharks.” “Experts suggest that as many as 73 million sharks are killed each year, primarily for their fins, which are used to make shark fin soup,” he added. “Sharks are at the top of the marine food chain and are critical to maintaining balance in the world’s oceans. They desperately need our help, and we believe the Eye-to-Eye Shark Dive is a great way to get more people involved in helping these animals.” More information ■



Things you can do to make a difference: Not purchasing shark products such as shark fin soup, pills made from shark cartilage or shark jaws. Choosing sustainable seafood caught in ways that don’t kill sharks as a bycatch.



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There is no doubt they are exciting animals that evoke great passion – both positive and negative – in many people. That’s why a chance to dive among them can be the highlight of a lifetime, as well as a great learning experience. They are awesome and often misunderstood animals, most threatened by humans than a danger to us.

they view sharks up close nose-to-nose from an underwater cage. Certified scuba divers 15 years and older will be escorted around the habitat by professionally trained guides.

• There are more than 350 different kinds of sharks. • You are 1,000 times more likely to drown in the sea than you are to be bitten by a shark. • Most sharks as we know them today developed about 100 million years ago. • A shark can hear a fish in the water from more than a mile away. • Sharks can smell one drop of blood in a million drops of water. • Scientists can determine the age of a shark by counting the rings that form on its vertebra, much as you can count the rings on a tree to tell its age. • Sharks’ wounds heal quickly and they rarely get tumors. • The Dermal denticles that covers Shark skin is so tough and hard that before the invention of sandpaper, shark skin was used to polish wood. • Shark teeth have been used as weapons and tools for many centuries. • On some islands, villagers believed that sharks were spirits of • their ancestors. • Eating Shark flesh is forbidden in both the Solomon and Fiji islands. • About 100 people in the world are bitten by sharks each year. Of these, five to ten die. • The chance of being killed by a shark is one in 300 million. The chance of being killed by airplane parts falling from the sky is one in 10 million.


Go Face-to-Face with Sharks at Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium!


Diving Lake Crescent at Olympic National Park

By Dan Pontbriand

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be tired of the two warring tribes fighting at the base of the mountain. The legend tells of the Gods throwing a piece of the mountain down burying the warring tribes, killing many of the combatants. There appears to be physical evidence to support this legend. About 6000 years ago, a massive landslide fell from the northeast side of Storm King Mountain, perhaps triggered by an earthquake. The landslide created a natural dam that plugged the outlet of Lake Crescent that had been flowing into nearby Lake Sutherland. Water levels in Lake Crescent rose about 80 feet, spilling over into a new outlet, the Lyre River. This created many interesting underwater sights, such as upright trees, submerged waterfalls, huge boulders and steep ledges. Early European settlers spoke of two hollow trees along the lake shore that rubbed together creating a deep throaty oboe-like sound during windy conditions. These early settlers must have been mesmerized at the sight of trees standing in the water, of catching lake trout as large as 25 pounds and the extremely clear water. They also witnessed the last remnants of an ice age glacier at the head of Barnes Creek, only a few miles upstream from Lake Crescent. Today, there are roads and trails that surround the lake allowing visitors unique access to this aquatic jewel. Visitors can hike, bike, climb, camp, boat and go scuba diving. Two seasonal lodges with restaurants provide lodging, meals and a warm, dry bed. Canoe, row boat and motorboat rentals are available. There are a few houses on private property that dot the shore line. Removing any cultural, historic, archaeological or natural object from the lake is a violation of Federal law. A dive flag is required.



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Beautiful Lake Crescent is located 18 miles west of Port Angeles Washington within Olympic National Park. The lake is known for its deep, crystal clear, aqua blue water with visibility approaching 100 feet. Olympic National Park is famous for its lush coniferous forests containing majestic old growth trees up to 250 feet tall and abundant fish and wildlife. Lake Crescent is nestled between Storm King Mountain, Aurora Ridge and Pyramid Peak whose summits thrust 3000 feet or more into the sky. The mid-summer thermocline is at about 60 feet with temperatures in the high 60’s to 70 degrees. Below the thermocline, water temperatures are a constant 38 to 40 degrees. The lake is nine miles long and about one mile wide at its widest point. The deepest part of the lake is 624 feet deep or about 100 feet below sea level. The name Lake Crescent is thought to have been derived from its crescent shape but the name may have come from nearby Crescent Bay, a saltwater bay five miles to the north and along the shores of the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Another theory is that the name was derived from a generic native word for lake which has a strikingly similar sound to “Crescent”. Human occupation of the Lake Crescent area began perhaps with the first migrations of people from Asia as early as 20,000 years ago. This date may be controversial, but there is strong evidence to say that people were on the Olympic Peninsula 12,000 years ago. In the 1870’s there was a large native village on the east end of Lake Crescent at a place now named East Beach. The native people spoke of legends of people disappearing around Lake Crescent and of strange events and sounds. An often recited legend is that of the Gods of Mt. Storm King, a mountain overlooking Lake Crescent, who were said to




▲▲Meldrim Point. The Dive Site of the Warren Investigation. Photo courtesy Olympic National Park. Taken by Dan Pontbriand.

▲▲Barge at East Beach. Photo courtesy of the National Park Service. Taken by diver Brett Seymour.


By Daniel Pontbriand

East Beach Barge The dive site can be accessed from a boat or from the north side of the East Beach Day area (a 100 yard swim to the site). The dive site is 50 feet in front of a privately owned dock and cabin so please be respectful of the property owner. This flat top vessel was a 60 foot wooden barge that plied the waters of Lake Crescent in the 1920’s before the opening of the Olympic Highway (now US Highway 101). Do not enter the open ports of the barge, as there are dangerous, sharp protruding nails inside. If you’re boating, be careful not to drop your anchor on the barge. The barge is very old and brittle.

Pirates Cove About .53 miles west of the junction of the East Beach Road and Highway #101, there is a small parking lot on the north side of the road. Across the road is a short,

steep foot trail that descends to Pirates cove. Otherwise, this is a boat dive. Carrying dive gear on this trail is not for the light hearted. The dive site is about 200 feet to the north of Pirates Cove along the shore, an easy swim. House size submerged boulders from the ancient landslide can be seen. One large boulder creates a formation similar to a cave. There are several swim though passages between the large boulders. Spruce Railroad This site is best accessed by boat. The site is near a curve along the Olympic Discovery Trail, which was formerly a railroad bed. The Spruce Railroad was built to transport spruce trees needed for airplane construction during World War I. The railroad was not completed until 1919, too late to help with the war effort. However, the train ran for many years after its completion. In the 1920s, a train engine reportedly failed to negotiate a curve near this site and plunged into Lake Crescent. It was later recovered from very deep water with the aid of a large magnet. In the 1950’s a railcar carrying a crane crashed near the same location. Parts of the rail car and crane are still in the lake but beyond 130 feet in depth. Railroad tools and debris are scattered on the lake bottom in the shallower depths. Please preserve this precious archeological site by leaving artifacts in place.

To purchase your own copy of the novel, please visit

Two boats, two locations, same great experience.

For bookings on either boat, please call Sea Dragon Charters at 604-329-3486








Dry Gloves



Dry Hoods

Alterations ▲▲The Warren car in 171 feet of water. Photo by Dan Pontbriand.

▲▲Submerged tree at Bovee’s Meadow. Photo courtesy of the National Park Service. Taken by Brett Seymour.

P Valves


360.877.6818 27

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Devil’s Punch Bowl This dive is best done from a boat unless you want to hike your gear about one mile from the Olympic Discovery Trail trailhead. Open Water divers should stay within the bowl (inside the bridge) unless you have excellent buoyancy and depth control. Advanced divers will like the surrounding wall dives where interesting rock formations can be seen. The Punch Bowl could be an ancient waterfall. A steel bridge spans the Punch Bowl connecting the trails.

A fantastic novel authored by Dan Pontbriand, a retired Chief Park Ranger, dive team member and leader in the true account of the disappearance of Blanche and Russell Warren. Born in Maine, with over 30 years service in the National Park Service as well as logging over 2000 dives, Dan accounts with detail the mysterious circumstances surrounding this couple’s disappearance. The story is a journey beginning in 1929 and culminating in 2005 after many failed attempts and rumors surrounding the whereabouts of the couple. The case was largely forgotten until 1954 when a local upstart scuba diving club stumbled upon the story. When they were unable to solve the mystery they turned the information over to the National Park Rangers. Evidence suggested the couple may have driven into the lake, Lake Crescent. This story leads us through a maze of real life mystery and intrigue.


The Missing Ones


DIVE SITES :: US DIVE SITES :: NORTHWEST Sledgehammer Point This is the most popular dive site on the lake probably due to its easy access. Access the site from the parking lot near Mile Post 230 of Highway #101. This is great place to work on your dive skills, especially buoyancy. Pay attention to your depth gauge. Dive Instructors will need a Commercial Permit from Olympic National Park to teach diving at this site. Bovee’s Meadow at Barnes Point Drive to Bovee’s Meadow via the road system at Barnes Point. Follow the signs. At the parking lot hike your gear to the beach a short distance away and enter the water to the right side of the beach. Swim about 100 feet out and 100 feet to the right. Divers can see the top of the tree 10 feet below the surface in clear water conditions. Barnes Cove This is a boat dive. A depth sounder is recommended because this underwater ridge would be nearly impossible to find without it. The top of the seamount is rather small and sharp and littered with boulders that were perhaps pushed ahead of the glacial moraine. Depths to nearly 400 feet are ▼▼1950 Dodge sedan owned by Dale found on either side of and Dee Dee Steele. Photo courtesy the seamount. Dale and Ed Jacobs.

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Madrona Point Beach access to the site is from Ambulance Point beach area near mile post 223. Swim 100 yards east from the beach. This is the final


resting place of Blanche and Russell Warren who disappeared on July 3rd, 1929. Investigations in 1929, 1954 and 2001 failed to find the car or the Warrens. In April of 2002, the park dive team discovered the car, a 1927 Chevy sedan. In 2004, a park dive team recovered human remains that were determined to be those of Russell Warren. Olympic National Park requires permit to dive this site. Cross Creek Access the water at a roadside turnout .1 miles east of Madrona Point (also called Ambulance or Meldrim Point). A car accident occurred here in January 1961 when four young people aboard a 1952 Dodge barely escaped the sinking car as it plunged into the depths of the lake. All four people survived the accident. Volunteer ROV operators and Park Ranger divers discovered the car in 2004. Fairholm Cove The best way to access this site is by boat. One can see the top of the tree snorkeling in clear water. A log boom protects the Fairholm cove area. The submerged tree is about 150 feet directly east of the log boom in 80 feet of water. The tree is very old and could have been rooted in the ancient lake shore or it could have been carried down to the lake in a landslide sinking root wad first. Submerged Forest The dive site is directly in front of Log Cabin Resort in the Northeastern corner of Lake Crescent. Using tree ring analysis, the trees here were dated to 5,990 years. These trees were upright at one time. Early pioneers were said to have pushed them over to create navigable waters. They may have been part of an ancient forest flooded after the natural dam took form. ■


(403) 299-7751


Aqua Sport Scuba Centre


(403) 686-6166


The Dive Shop


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BRITISH COLUMBIA Broken Island Adventures Abyssal Diving Charters 49th Parallel Dive Charters Cedar Beach Ocean Lodge Pacific Pro Dive


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God’s Pocket Resort Copper Island Diving

(250) 756-1863

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(250) 832-5737


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Koloa, Kauai

(800) 685-5889



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Grants Pass

(800) 482-1599



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(541) 756-6557


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Oregon City

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(503) 588-3483


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South Beach

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WASHINGTON Anacortes Diving & Supply


(360) 293-2070


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(360) 202-0076


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Bainbridge Island

(206) 842-1980


Puget Sound Dive Charters

Bainbridge Island

(206) 713-2397


Northwest Diving Institute



Underwater Sports Inc.


(425) 454-5168

Full Service Center

Washington Divers


(360) 676-8029


Gone Diving


(360) 738-2042


Adventures Down Under


(360) 676-4177


Pacific Adventure Charters


(206) 714--1482

Charter Full Service Center

Underwater Sports Inc.


(425) 771-6322

Federal Way

(408) 83-SCUBA


Underwater Sports Inc.

Federal Way

(253) 847-9387

Full Service Center

Friday Harbor Dive Services

Friday Harbor

(360) 378-6202


Hood Sport ‘N Dive

Hood Canal

(360) 877-6818


Undersea Adventures


(509) 735-0735



(425) 771-2679


Oak Harbor

(360) 675-1112


Capital Divers


(360) 866-3684


Underwater Sports Inc.


(360) 493-0322

Full Service Center

Orcas Island


Whidbey Island Dive

West Beach Resort Scuba Supplies

Port Angeles

(360) 457-3190


Admiralty Dive Center

Port Townsend

(360) 379-3483



(206) 935-2529


Dive Commercial Int’l


(206) 784-5050

Commercial Store

Seattle Scuba Schools

Fifth Dimension

SeaSport Divers


Lighthouse Diving Center

Aqua Zone

Honolulu Scuba Company


(541) 342-2351



(206) 284-2350


Underwater Sports Inc.


Full Service Center

Scuba Fish Scuba Center


(509) 315-5194


Underwater Sports Inc.


(253) 588-6634

Full Service Center

Northwest Dive Charters Tacoma Scuba Center Bandito Charter

IDAHO Dive Magic


(208) 319-3483


Adventure Scuba


(406) 259-7363


Sports Cove


(406) 585-9926


Rock Bottom Diving LLC


(406) 407-7819


Bubbles Below


(253) 370-5144



(253) 238-1754



(253) 973-0370



(425) 424-3483

Dive Center


Glacier Divers


(406) 253-4016


Gull Dive Center


(406) 549-6169



(503) 642-3483




Want your business listed here? Call Roosevelt: 360.240.1874 or email

OREGON Astoria Scuba


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Browning Pass Hideaway


(541) 830-5551


Hydro Sports Dive & Travel

ALBERTA Adventures in Scuba

Central Point

Eugene Skin Divers Supply


Dive directory

Rogue Scuba


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in the afternoon. Prior to the event, October 10, the center will offer a Debris Removal Diver Distinctive Specialty course and Project AWARE presentation, which costs $25 for the course and a $10 Project AWARE donation. For more information on the cleanup, the presentation, and the necessary skills and equipment to participate, visit

Diving Global Joins Conservation Effort The Great Sierra River Cleanup, an annual event since 2009, continued strong Saturday September 21, with the inclusion of new allies in the fight against pollution. An event created by the State of California’s Sierra Nevada Conservancy (SNC) project, the effort received a helping hand from cloud service provider Diving Global. Over the last four years, over 14,700 volunteers have participated in the cleanup and have removed over 550 tons of trash and recyclables from bodies of water within the Sierra Nevada. For more information on future cleanups, and to get your organization involved, visit; for more information on Diving Global services, visit

Bold Expeditions with Big Animals A Rich History Through “Yesterday’s Ocean” Through the past three centuries, the bounty of Central California’s ocean fisheries has experienced supreme highs and lows – and now it has reached a crucial junction. Professional underwater photographer and writer Marc Shargel recently completed an important new book, “Yesterday’s Ocean: A History of Marine Life on California’s Central Coast”, which paints a reflection on the area’s triumphs and tribulations. The publication showcases the freefall of ocean depletion via modern imagery juxtaposed with photographs from years gone by. Enjoy the e-book for free today by visiting Shargel’s website at

Win a Thailand Getaway through SSI!

Get Ready for a Fishy Fall with REEF! Summer may be coming to an end, but that doesn’t mean a fish enthusiast has to be left in the cold! As part of its ongoing fish identification webinar series, “Fishinars”, Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF) will offer three informative, educational, and always amusing presentations over the next few months. “Lesser Known Fish of Cozumel”, presented October 17 at 8 p.m. EST by Tracey Griffin, highlights the eponymous Caribbean critters; “Fish Geek” Jonathan Lavan will showcase uncommon dorsal fins with “Feel the Beat! The Top 12 Drums & Croakers of the Caribbean” October 29 at 8 p.m. EST; acclaimed artist and marine life illustrator Val Kells will share the ins and outs of fish illustration via “You do WHAT for a living? Illustrating Fished by Marine Science Illustrator, Val Kells”. Register for your free spot today by visiting! 30

Scuba Schools International (SSI) is offering the Master Diver Challenge for the eighth consecutive year. This exciting program inspires divers to complete SSI Master Diver Certification by rewarding one lucky diver with a free week-long trip aboard the Thailand Aggressor! From earning SSI Specialty Diver certifications to graduating to Advanced Open Water, and then to Master Diver, the path to mastery is straight forward, though not without strength and commitment. For more information on this program, as well as SSI certification procedures, please visit

Phoenix Scuba Center Mends the Mohave Keeping the waters and sands of Lake Mohave free of debris is an important mission for nearby Academy of Scuba of Phoenix, AZ. The center will gather their friends and affiliations to Searchlight, NV, and participate in the Cottonwood Cove Annual Eco Dive Saturday October 12 beginning at 8 a.m. A fantastic fun dive will follow the event

Renowned big animal photographer, entrepreneur, and thrill seeker Amos Nachoum is inviting guests to join him on four exciting upcoming adventures with larger than life sharks! The journey begins off Isla Guadalupe, Mexico from October 14 to 20 with guests joining great white sharks on the prowl for elephant seals and tuna. Hammerhead shark fans will find great company on the next trip from February 8 to 12; taking place in Bimini, Bahamas, this is a perfect opportunity to witness hammerheads, Caribbean reef sharks, and dolphins! Following from February 12 to 16, the group will enjoy majestic tiger sharks alongside photographer Amanda Cotton. The spring expedition season ends with Cotton and company following oceanic white tip sharks off Cat Island, Bahamas from April 6 to 12. Spots are limited and fill up fast, so be sure to register soon! Visit for more information.

Non-profit Group Hosts Fishy and Fun Adventures! Fish for Life, a non-profit organization based in San Clemente, CA, is preparing for another great fishing expedition for an even greater cause: inspiring and entertaining special needs children. Departing from Dana Wharf aboard their charter boat, Dana Pride, Fish for Life brings joy to their guests through the challenge and company of fishing; these special individuals are also treated to appetizers throughout the day, lunch, and an honorary red carpet ceremony. The next event will take place Saturday October 19 and will include a unique guest appearance by a beautiful mermaid! The group is currently seeking donations of any amount, which will go to charter costs, equipment, lunch, trophies for the guests, and other provisions. For more information, and to make a contribution to this worthy cause, visit


▲▲Selene did not fall in the water.

Summer Outdoor Retailer 2013: The Adventure Starts Today

Article and photos by Selene Muldowney Imagine walking through an incredible maze of outdoor gear, clothing, food, and hands on demonstrations throughout three buildings at least ten times the size of your average Costco. The Outdoor Retailer Summer Show in Salt Lake City, Utah includes camping, paddling, running, yoga, climbing, organic grub, water, clothes, brand names and new names all under one roof featuring over 1,500 brands. The show is closed to the public but well attended with over 30,000 retailers looking to place orders for the 2014 retail year. As the Dive News Network continues to expand our focus on watersports and adventure we were invited to attend. It was absolutely fantastic – we were initially overwhelmed with so much gear and food before we began the journey through the maze. The show floor introduced us to our favorite brands including Carhartt, Thule, Body Glove Intl, Helly Hanson, Buck Knives, and Patagonia to name a few, as well as newer products from companies emerging on the outdoor scene like Trukid Natural Products, Ready Project, Scrubba, and Lo Swim. Several folks caught my attention – too many to name in fact. From subtle hints of footwear joy to blatant pandering of beer and jerky, the exhibitors knew how to draw our attention to them. The show also featured an all-day open air demo, which enticed visitors to test the water and trails. With a new waterproof iPhone case and sunglasses at the ready, we drew our attention to kayaking and stand-up paddleboarding (SUP) activities waiting in the water. With deft precision, we navigated the kayak through the maze of

SUP enthusiasts. After successfully completing our first mission in 90 degree weather, we finished our demo day with a round of Sierra Nevadas and prepared to navigate the incredible indoor maze. We were pleased to discover several up and coming companies while visiting our favorite brands and meeting the masterminds behind them. The lovely ladies from Lo Swim demonstrated how athletic women and girls can still engage in competitive swim sports while not sacrificing beach ready fashion. Trukid Natural sunscreen protection is a great addition to sexy, yet functional, swimwear when catching waves on a board or diving into the surf. Trukid makes everything from active sunblock to lip balm (again in line with our fashionista selves)! Of course, when packing for an adventure in the water and on the beach, we grabbed some ready-made and yummy grub as well as some fire starters for the after-hours beach BBQ and bonfire from our friends at Ready Project. We finalized our weekend in Utah with a strapping Australian inventor who introduced us to a simple, yet ingenious, device: The Scrubba. After a long day on the beach while on vacation, we would need to clean our swimwear and this device proved invaluable. The Scrubba is a dry bag that turns into a portable, durable and costeffective washing machine. With an incredible line-up of goodies from paddle boards to yummy grub to clothing we will be following up with product reviews. We want to thank the Outdoor Retailers Show for this incredible opportunity! For more information on Outdoor Retailer, including the upcoming winter show, visit ■ 31

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▲▲Trend Alert: Walking the dog is so last year.


The Channel Islands: Santa Rosa Island Article and images by Sammy Cimeno Of the eight Channel Islands Santa Rosa is the second largest, only Santa Cruz Island is larger. It lies roughly 28 nautical miles southwest of Santa Barbara and covers approximately 84 square miles. Santa Rosa is part of the Northern Channel Islands and sits right between Santa Cruz and San Miguel Islands. At least fifteen rare or endangered, and three endemic plant species are found here. The Santa Cruz Island ironwood tree is only found here and on the neighboring islands, and the rarest pine tree in the world, the Torrey Pine, is also found here, and is rare since only 6000 trees are known to exist.

w w w . d i v e n e w s n e t w o r k . c o m

Humans have lived in the island for at least 12,000 years. We know that the earliest inhabitants dined on dwarf mammoths, since charred bones of the mammoths were found in ancient fire pits. The island was mostly a ranch beginning in the 1840s and became part o the Channel Islands National Park in 1987. The offshore waters are protected as part of the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary. Parts of the island are also protected as State of California Marine Reserves (SMR). The Carrington Point SMR is on the northerly tip of the island, Skunk Point SMR on the west end, and South Point SMR to the south.

There are fine dive sites all around the island, but most diving is done at Talcott Shoals on the Northwest end of the island and Johnson’s Lee to the east of South Point. Both of these offer predictably calm conditions with good game hunting and macro photography subjects. Most of the eastern side of Santa Rosa Island is best described as a lot of sand sprinkled with a few areas of patch reef. This is not a great spot for photography, but there are few better places for halibut hunters in California. In summer giant halibut head inshore and attract boatloads of spearfishers. The area west of South Point towards the West End offers the most scenic dives. These sites are open to the offshore swell and may only be dived on the calmest of days. The areas around South and Cluster Points have a lot of fish and colorful invertebrate life. Bee Rock is the most colorful dive off the island, and is west of Cluster Point. Talcott Shoals No description of Santa Rosa diving would be complete without a detailed description of Talcott Shoals. Talcott Shoals are located on the north side of Santa Rosa Island, near the west end. This is a big area that spans many square miles, and each boat

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Each of the Channel Islands has their own personality, and Santa Rosa is no exception. It is part of the Northern group, but not as far west as San Miguel. It, therefore, has a water temperature that is intermediate (50 to 55°

F on the south side, 55 to 60° on the north), not as cool at San Miguel, not as warm as Santa Catalina. Photographers normally dive with a dry suit here, while hunters do well with a 7 mm wetsuit.

▲▲A lobster hides, but can’t run at Talcott Shoals



We Feature Name Brand Scuba Gear, Snorkeling Equipment and More!

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that visits here has their own spots marked on GPS, with their own names. The bottom at Talcott consists of gently sloping shale running from 20 to 90 feet, with undercuts in the exposed shale ledges that run roughly north-south throughout the area. Occasional piles of boulders are scattered in the shallows. Rocks are covered with encrusting sponges, sea stars, nudibranchs, and lots of urchins. Not too may years ago this area supported one of the thickest kelp beds in the Channel Islands, but now it is mostly an urchin barren. For photographers and fish watchers this is a good place to be. Numerous Spanish shawls, Hermissenda, and clown nudibranchs graze on the rocks, while the sponges make a colorful background for photographers. Little gobies hide under ledges, and kelpfish hide among the coralline algae. Look for bigger fish, such as gopher and grass rockfish, and sheephead hunting

Barefoot Elegance




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▲▲Vermilion rockfish are common on the south side of Santa Rosa Island

in the open. This may not be the best place for spearfishing, but the lobsters more than make up for the few diner-sized fish. Lobsters at Talcott are numerous and larger-than-average. There seem to be very few “shorts” here, and there are a lot in the 3 to 4 pound range, with some considerably bigger. Talcott offers near ideal terrain for lobster hunting. The ledges are not very deep, and frequently wide enough to accommodate a diver’s arm. Typically, the bugs have no “back door”, making them particularly easy to grab. This is a great place to learn bug grabbing, since the terrain is so forgiving. The bugs my hide, but they can’t get away! Other critters share the shale ledges with the bugs. The most conspicuous of these is the large population of urchins. Be careful where you grab! Look for swell and horn








DIVE SITES :: US DIVE SITES :: SOUTHWEST sharks hiding among the lobsters as well. While these are unlikely to injure anyone, they are certainly fascinating to watch and make great photographic subjects. Look for the remains of the wreck of the Aggie 25 to 50 feet deep. She is mostly broken up, but fun to explore anyway. Johnson’s Lee Johnson’s Lee is probably the most dived site off Santa Rosa Island. It makes a fine night or late afternoon dive, and a superb night anchorage. It is also “the” spot to dive if the weather should turn rough and boats cannot make it to San Miguel Island or Talcott Shoals. The bottom here is 30 to 80 feet is mostly flat with a few boulders scattered about. There are a lot of large urchins here with small lobsters back in holes. This is not the prettiest dive in the islands, but those

with patience will find some nudibranchs and other invertebrates to photograph. Free divers probably enjoy this site more than those with scuba, since the areas large game fish are best approached without bubbles. Large white sea bass and croakers are often found in the thick kelp beds, while barracuda, yellowtail jacks and mackerel school just beyond. Look for halibut in the sand during summer. You may have to compete with the resident sea lions and harbor seals for game here. If conditions permit you can motor around to the other side of South Point for more marine life and more interesting bottom topography. There are abundant game fish and the rocks are adorned with gorgonians and sponges. This area is a reserve, so look and photograph, but don’t take. Cluster Point Seamounts

▲▲Young divers show off their halibut at Johnson’s Lee

Seasport Divers 800.685.5889

A bit inshore of Bee Rock lie Rainbow and Marty’s Reefs. These are not quite as spectacular as Bee Rock, but make mighty fine dives. Wreckage from the 1962 shipwreck Chickasaw may still be found on these reefs. ■

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Capt Charley Neal's Scuba Shack 877.213.4488


Ed Robinson's Diving Adventures 800.635.1273

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▲▲Gorgonians are found on offshore pinnacles

▲▲Diver show off his “bug” at Santa Rosa Island


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To the west of Cluster Point lie three seamounts that, on a calm day, offer the best diving at Santa Rosa Island. Bee Rock is actually two rocks that break the surface. The rocky pinnacles are carved with an abundance of crevices and covered with large boulders. Large anemones and sea fans dot the rocky walls and strawberry anemones cover the shallow rocks. This is a good place to hunt for lingcod, vermillion rockfish, sheephead, and calico bass.

Jack's Diving Locker 800.345.4807


Dolphins and Manta Rays and Reefs 34

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dive directory :: southwest Monterey

(831) 375-6605 Store/Charter

Divers look forward to the opening of lobster season with the excitement of children dreaming bout Christmas. This year California lobster season began on September 28th. Before divers pack up their gear and head for the ocean they should look over the rules so they don’t inadvertently run afoul of the law.

Seven Seas Scuba


(831) 717-4546


Beachhopper II

Morgan Hill

(408) 483-8721


Pacific Coast Scuba

Morgan Hill

(408) 463-0585


Oceanside Scuba & Swim Center


(760) 722-7826


Pacific Wilderness


(714) 997-5506


Channel Island Dive Adventures


(805) 469-7288


Dive N Trips


(925) 462-7234


Dolphin Scuba Center


(916) 929-8188


Scuba World Sacramento, Inc.


(916) 332-8294


Dive California

San Diego

(619) 222-0060


Horizon Charters

San Diego

(858) 344-0365


Rick’s Diving Locker

San Diego

(760) 746-8980


Ocean Enterprises

San Diego

(858) 565-9474


San Francisco

(415) 362-6694


Any Water Sports

San Jose

(408) 244-4433


Great Escape Charters

San Pedro

(866) 348-3262


Pacific Wilderness Inc.

San Pedro

(714) 997-5506


Dive Discovery Travel

San Rafael

(800) 886-7321

Travel Travel

Marin Scuba Center

San Rafael

(415) 479-4332

Dive Center

Santa Barbara

(805) 962-1127


Diver Dan’s Wet Pleasure

Santa Clara

(408) 984-5819


Pacific Scuba Divers


(408) 247-7702


West Sacramento

(916) 371-3410


Limit: Seven Minimum size: Three and one-fourth inches measured in a straight line on the mid-line of the back from the rear edge of the eye socket to the rear edge of the body shell. Any lobster may be brought to the surface of the water for the purpose of measuring, but no undersize lobster may be brought aboard any boat, placed in any type of receiver, kept on the person or retained in any person’s possession or under his direct control; all lobsters shall be measured immediately upon being brought to the surface of the water, and any undersize lobster shall be released immediately into the water. Spiny lobsters shall be kept in a whole, measurable condition, until being prepared for immediate consumption. Lobster Report Card: All individuals must have a Spiny Lobster Report Card in their possession while fishing for or taking lobster. In the case of a person diving from a boat, the report card may be kept in the boat, or in the case of a person diving from the shore, the report card may be kept within 500 yards from the point of entry. Prior to beginning fishing activity, the cardholder must record the month, day, location, and gear code on the first available line on the report card. When the cardholder moves to another location code, or finishes fishing for the day, he or she must immediately record on the card the number of lobster kept from that location. Individuals must return the card to the DFW at the end of the season. Consult for more information.

Dive directory

Bamboo Reef

Truth Aquatics

Freedive Shop

NEVADA Tahoe Dive Shop

Carson City

(775) 884-3483


Aai Neptune Divers

Las Vegas

(702) 452-5723


Dive Las Vegas

Las Vegas

(702) 897-5111



Las Vegas

(702) 367-3484



(972) 416-8400



(214) 750-6904


Ft. Worth

(817) 491-8747




Bullhead City

(928) 404-1527


International Scuba

Alexander’s Dive Shop


(520) 287-5103


Dive West Inc

Scuba Professionals of Arizona


(602) 314-6650


Aqua Trek Sports

Phoenix Scuba, Inc


(602) 374-3206


Divers Depot


(936) 564-3483



(408) 607-5071


Crazy Scuba


(866) 696-6090



(520) 888-7300


Dive Masters of San Antonio

San Antonio

(210) 684-3483


The Dive Shop

San Marcos

(512) 396-3483


Ultimate Dive and Travel Desert Divers

CALIFORNIA Catalina Scuba Luv, Inc.


(310) 510-2350


Sub-Surface Progression

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Orange County Dive & Photo


(949) 476-8500


Aquatic Dreams Scuba Center


(209) 577-3483


Bamboo Reef


(831) 372-1685


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Glenn’s Aquarius II


What to Know During Lobster Season

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Through the Lens of Stewart Sy

▲▲Spawning Sockeye Salmon, Robert Haig Brown Provincial Park, Salmon Arm BC

By Jennifer Wilkins Photos by Stewart L. Sy / SLS Photography unless otherwise noted Vancouver resident Stewart Sy, is part businessman, part hobbyist, and all around underwater photography guru. An accomplished photographer and a dedicated educator, Stewart shared with us his humble beginnings in Underwater Photography, his love of the work, and his efforts to help guide and instruct new photographers and spread the joy of this art through his company SLS Photography. 36

“I first got into underwater photography about 15 years ago, but it was more of a hobby, just using a Motormarine 2.” says Stewart. Then I led a dive trip to the Philippines and noticed some of my guests were using the SLR system, and I saw the potential. “There’s quite a few things to consider for anyone wanting to get into Underwater Photography,” says Stewart. “It’s very different than land-based photography; the

only similarity would be the pressing of the shutter. Everything else is different.” The biggest difference is of course the environment. “With underwater photography, you’re working in three dimensions,” Stewart explains. “You’re moving around under the water and have a bit more flexibility of movement. What you don’t have is the flexibility of the equipment. If a land-based photographer wants to

UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHY shoot something 100 yards away he just puts on a big telephoto lens. An underwater photographer can’t do that.” “Light is also an issue because you start losing the warmer colors,” he continues. “Even if you have the most powerful lens in the world, you can’t shoot something past six feet or so because you would lose the reds, which is the most dominant, vibrant color. People need to realize what the limitations are of shooting underwater, even with highend equipment.” Stewart began SLS Photography as a way of instructing and guiding new underwater photographers, whether they had experience with land-based photography or were completely new to the art. “It was founded

as a way to provide available services to the local area, for the knowledge and availability of underwater photography equipment and training,” Stewart explains. “When I first started I had no resources, no one to ask. There was just no training locally for underwater photography at the time. I was just groping in the dark as to what I should get and where I should get it from. That’s why I started SLS Photography, to help people realize what it involves—cost wise and equipment wise.” Stewart promotes and supports the Aquatica line, a Canadian company, but encourages others to find the equipment that best suits their needs and goals. “I’d like to get the person on the phone or bring them

into the shop if they’re close enough,” he says. “This way I can show them what’s available, what the equipment is capable of, and what its limitations are. I’ll also tell them how much maintenance is involved. I think of myself not so much as a salesman, but more of a guide. We’ll discuss their ultimate goals and what they want to accomplish as regards to their photography, and then the customer can decide what they want to do.” Stewart is based in Vancouver, but has many customers throughout Europe, across Canada and the US, as well. He also runs a document imaging company full-time. “We’re a scanning service bureau, so we can convert any paper medium into the digital format of your choice.” But the photography is his true passion. “The photography is a part-time job, more of a desire than a need to work. I wanted to be able to help people. I wanted to give them the assistance that I did not get when I first started.” For more information on SLS and their fantastic work, visit ■

▲▲Blue Ring Octopus, Anilao, Batangas, Philippines

▲▲Anemonefish and Boat Silhouette, Anilao, Batangas, Philippines

▲▲Whale Shark, Oslob, Cebu, Philippines


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▲▲Aquatica 5dmk3 housing, the camera Stewart currently shoots with. Used with permission,


Junkyard Diver

A short story from the true diving memories of Alec Peirce

▼▼Photo of Alec taken in 1965 in his old, original scuba gear. It was taken by his mother in Fenelon Falls.

By Alec Peirce Photos by Alec Peirce unless otherwise noted

The dump, for those under 50, was a fixture in every small town and acted as a meeting place, a cheap source for badly needed “stuff ” and a great place for fun too. The reason for the dump, and supposedly the reason to visit the dump, was to get rid of trash. Trash could be anything from busted bikes and old tires to broken gates and leftover lumber. Anything that was too big for the garbage man to take was saved up and, at the end of the month, taken to the dump. Now the interesting part of “going to the dump” to get rid of trash is that the trip usually coincided with the need for something: a piece of pipe about three feet long, a part of an old TV antenna, some used bricks, or maybe a wheelbarrow axle for another project. So the dump served two purposes: getting rid of stuff you didn’t want and picking up some stuff that you needed - invariably stuff that someone else didn’t want. It was the ultimate 1950s eco plan: “recycling” before it had a name. I loved the dump. It was like a treasure hunt. One never knew in advance what valuables you might find – valuables that could be turned into something very, very useful. It wasn’t uncommon for dad and I to load up the trailer with our junk, head off to the dump, and then return several hours later with more stuff than we had carted away!

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The last Saturday of every month was special when I was a kid in the ‘50s. That’s when dad and I went to the dump: the Lindsay Town Dump.

▲▲Junkyard car © Stock.XCHNG


This was the era of DIY (Do It Yourself) and every issue of Science & Mechanics had a dozen articles on making things from junk – junk from the dump of course! Many happy days were spent collecting materials and then laboring for hours to turn them into some completely unrelated device. It was often something for pleasure, maybe a skateboard made from old rollerskates, but just as often something useful too. It never struck dad and I as ironic that each month we often were carting the same stuff back to the dump that we had picked up just the month before. That was a given. My mom just shook her head. On one such trip to the dump I found the ultimate treasure. One that gave me a thrill I haven’t forgotten after 50 years. Sea Hunt was my whole life and when I wasn’t watching it I was thinking about it. Any opportunity to be like Mike Nelson was taken as a gift from above and my dream of becoming a frogman just like Mike was always on my mind. So imagine my excitement when I spotted a real, live air compressor for divers! Sure, it was still attached to a discarded refrigerator, but that was easily solved. It didn’t take me long to cut the pipes, undo the bolts that held it in place and drag it to dad’s car. Wow! I was going diving just like Mike. At home I designed a perfect surface supply compressor (apparently that’s what I was making). The compressor, right from the refrigerator with the gas and oil still within, was screwed to a good solid board. Next to it was an old Iron Horse 1.5 horsepower gas engine that had sat in our garage for years just waiting for such an opportunity. It took a while for me to get the distance between the two just right so the belt would make the compressor spin without stalling the motor, but I soon had it working. And, to my immense pleasure, when it was spinning I could feel air coming out of the

garden hose attached to the compressor outlet pipe. Now all I needed was a place to dive and a tender. The Scugog River that runs through the town of Lindsay was already a favorite swimming hole that I knew well. It is pretty muddy water but it was close to home and I knew there were several deep spots in the river because my mom had warned me about them. Boy, this was perfect! I recruited my kid brother Jimmie (two years my junior) and we headed off to the river, about a ten minute walk from home. It took us quite a while this day because we were dragging a wagon with our sixfoot wood fishing boat on top and my air compressor inside. I had all my diving gear too – my two-snorkel mask and my fins. I was going diving and all the way to the river I had visions of the treasures I was going to find on the bottom of the famous Scugog. My parents would be proud and I’d be a hero! Things didn’t go perfectly smoothly. Jimmie wasn’t happy about being in the boat in the river all alone after I jumped in. The Iron Horse acted more like a horse than a motor: kicking and bucking as I tried to start it. The pulley on the side of the flywheel caught my thigh one time and opened up a small cut, but I was a frogman and determined to start my career despite all obstacles. Finally I had the motor running smoothly. Air was coming out of the garden hose and making bubbles in the water. Jimmie was holding the board in place so it didn’t jump around too much. And I was ready for my debut as a commercial diver – just like Mike!


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▲▲Alec at Portage Quarry in Bowling Green - Wearing exactly the same gear as in the Fenelon Falls picture from 1965.

or even drowning were all very real dangers that I somehow avoided. But at the time I was disappointed. The compressor ended up back at the town dump and I kept on watching Sea Hunt and dreaming. One day it’ll happen – I just know it. ■ ▼▼Alec and wife Diana diving in vintage scuba gear at Silver Springs. W H AT ’S YO U R S TO RY ? e d i t o r @ d i v e n e w s n e t w o r k . c o m

I worked my way over the side of the boat with the all-important hose in my hand. It wasn’t all that easy. A wooden six-foot fishing boat with tall sides and two square ends is NOT designed for easy entries – or exits. Jimmie held the running compressor and motor in place as the boat tipped and then I was in - nothing to do now but go down. I must admit that some of my excitement had turned to apprehension, but I was too far-gone to stop. Besides, I knew what I was doing. I hadn’t missed a single episode of Sea Hunt! I figured out how to get the hose in my mouth under the full-face mask, and, surprise, I could breathe. The air was sorta’ sweet tasting but it wasn’t a bad smell. I guessed that the special air divers used smelled a bit different. It was kind of exciting to feel like a diver! Now the adventure began. I wish I could tell you that it all was wonderful: that I made it safely to the bottom - that I found some neat stuff and lived my dream - but that’s not the case. For some reason still unexplained, my unsophisticated air compressor stopped delivering air almost as soon as my head went under. My hand was still touching the bottom of the boat when I realized this was going to be a very short dive. In retrospect, while exciting, it was just as well the whole experiment was unsuccessful. Whether it was simple physics or my mother’s prayers that stopped my descent that day I’ll never know. Much later, years later, I considered all the possibilities: sulphur dioxide gas or ammonia from the compressor, oil or exhaust fumes, embolism,

Certified in 1960, Alec has been exploring the world’s waters for decades and is well recognized in the community and industry. In addition to owning and operating Ontario dive center, Scuba 2000, he has earned many prominent awards and recognitions from leading organizations and industries such the NAUI 35 year pin, PADI 30 year pin, SSI Platinum Pro 5000, the acclaimed International Legends of Diving Award, and many others. An avid lover of SCUBA equipment from yesteryear, he owns one of the largest collections of vintage gear in North America. His love of Sea Hunt is showcased through a massive collection of Sea Hunt and Lloyd Bridges memorabilia.


EXTRA :: TITLE DIVING :: COMMERCIAL DIVING PROFESSIONAL One of the biggest oil fields in the country, accounting for over 10 percent of the nation’s energy output, exists beneath the low hills and prairies of North Dakota. The process of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking is the key to unlocking this rich shale deposit, and more then two million gallons of water are required for each well. Most of this water comes from the Missouri River and to help satisfy this need, new processing plants have been built. These stories are about the work we did supporting the steerable, horizontal, directional drilling used to reach out into deep, relatively silt free water. When the drill reaches a predetermined location out in the lake, divers follow a stream of bubbles down to the drill bit. There they free it from the mud, remove the 12 inch diameter bit and install the 36 inch diameter reamer. The spinning reamer is pulled back to the beach, opening the hole and dragging the 30 inch diameter plastic pipe back with it. When the pipe is in place, a diver goes back to install the “H” shaped goalpost that holds the pipe end clear of the bottom and attach the “T” shaped intake and screens to complete the job. Although this is fairly basic dive work, there were unexpected challenges, frustrations and tragedy that dogged us and gave me far more to write about then I ever expected. Or wanted.

The Pit Trilogy: By Mark Norder Jake is big, healthy, young, and dumb. And eager, the perfect combination for sucking mud out of the caisson. We go over the whole deal with him; the no vis, the importance of hose management, the probability of fouling on the way up, and the emergency pull signals. When he’s ready, the tender hat’s him and I check his coms from the dive van. He steps on the stage, one final thumbs up and the crane lowers him through the four foot square hole in the caisson cover. “In the water” I hear over the com, and throw a clenched fist in the air. The crane operator obeys and stops the stage. “Leaving the stage” He says, and I reply with a “Roger that.” “Let me know when you reach bottom, and we’ll take a pneumo.” “OK”, he comes back. “Slack the diver!” I shout out the back of the van, and Jake begins his decent. I keep my mouth shut, listen to his breathing and watch the gauges. “On the bottom” I hear, three or four minutes later. “Roger that”, I respond. “Let’s take that pneumo now” And I crank on the valve,

sending air down the half-inch hose that opens at Jake’s chest. “Got bubbles.” He says as the air pressure overcomes the water pressure and boils out the hose end. The gauge, calibrated in feet rather than pounds per square inch, tells me he’s 119 feet below the surface and I note it on his dive sheet. I instruct him to begin pushing mud toward the airlift with the high pressure jet nozzle. Soon thick brown water, small rocks and other debris spew out our end of the twelve inch pipe and down the beach into the bay where it originally came from. “Doin’ good, keep it up.” I tell him. Mostly I keep quiet; I hate talking when I’m down there and know most divers feel the same. Occasionally the airlift churns out “clean” water and we lower the pipe back down into the dropping mud level. When his time’s up, we take one last pneumo. “You just made a hundred twenty four bucks” I tell him. A reference to the dollar a foot dive pay they each get on top of their hourly rate. I pay close attention to his speed on the way up, working hard to maintain the thirty feet per minute ascent rate. I have him make a short stop at forty feet, and another at thirty, all as directed by those venerable Navy dive tables. When he leaves that last stop and reaches the stage just below the surface, we find his umbilical wrapped around the twelve inch airlift pipe and there are a few tense minutes getting him untangled and out of the water. The tables strictly limit the time allowed to get the diver to the surface and into the chamber. Go over,

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Commercial Diving in North Dakota

▲▲Gearing Up


▲▲Last Minute Adjustments - Hooking the inflator hose to the dry suit prior to the diver getting on the stage

COMMERCIAL DIVING ▼▼Feeding the Drill - Directional drilling equipment up on the hill above the pumping station we are diving in

often to feel his way through the cut. The entire dive is “Make it hot!” Make it cold!” “Make it hot!” Make it cold!” until finally, about thirty minutes, a “Make it cold!” is followed by “It’s done!” We remove the torch and ground, then Ben, and after one last dive by Dustin to rig a wire sling, the ream is lifted out through the unfinished roof of the new pump house and laid on the ground, off to the side of the building. Dive team and construction crew gather to stare at this ugly, thirty inch diameter, rusty, toothed ream that looks more like a medieval weapon then a drilling tool. Dustin squats down next to it, a big grin creases his young face and to no one in particular says; “[expletive] that potable water shit!” Standing up, he turns his back on the “man killer” and walks away. ■

▲▲Hatted Up - Close up of a diver

Mark Norder Mark has worked as a diver and dive supervisor for more than 30 years. He works in locations as diverse as Alaska’s Bering Sea, the Missouri River and Gulf of Mexico. Mark currently resides in Southern California.

▲▲Going Down - The stage being lowered into the caisson

Photos courtesy Mark Norder 41

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and you’re penalized with more time in that cold steel can. But he’s out of the caisson with a couple minutes left, and his tender and standby diver pounce on him to get the hat, harness and weights off. He’s then hurried out of the pump house and stripped of boots, gloves, drysuit and thermal undergarments before getting stuffed through the chamber hatch and pressed down to fifty feet with less than a minute to spare. He goes in so close to naked because the oxygen rich chamber atmosphere is highly flammable and we do all possible to eliminate spark hazards. For three or four days we run the new guys through this routine, until in the midst of one of Dustin’s dives I hear “Got something!” over the com. “Roger that,” I come back, “Is it the ream?” There’s not enough exposed in the black water to tell and it takes another dive to get a positive ID. The other two divers then earn their pay before the shaft is exposed enough to finally secure from jetting. Now it’s Ben’s job to finish what Joe couldn’t, over a month ago. Once on the bottom he quickly finds the old cut, hooks up the ground and puts a cutting rod in the torch. “Make it hot!” he says, and I push closed the big, brass knife switch that sends over two hundred amps of DC current down to Ben. “It’s hot!” I reply. Ben pulls the torch trigger, sending highpressure oxygen through the hollow cutting rod, fueling a high voltage arc powerful enough to melt steel in cold water. Over the com I hear the sizzle and crack of torch against steel. “Make it cold” says Ben, so I yank open the knife switch and respond with “It’s cold.” The dirty visibility is still so bad that even without a welding lens on his hat, Ben sees only a dim orange glow from the torch’s energy. He’s left with only his touch to gauge progress in the darkness and must stop

▼▼Chamber run - Every dive required a run in the chamber

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▲▲Diver inspects one of the many coral heads at Hiroshi Point. Kosrae, Micronesia. Hundreds of anthias are swimming around the coral. © Tim Rock/Kosrae Nautilus Resort

Kosrae: Diving & Island Life As It Once Was By Yvette Cardozo If you’ve never heard of Kosrae, it’s not surprising. It’s the easternmost of the 607 islands dotted across a million square miles of ocean that make up the Federated States of Micronesia (called simply, FSM). It truly is in the middle of nowhere: 2,800 miles southwest of Hawaii, 1,500 miles east of Guam, and a scant five degrees north of the Equator.

There’s a story dating back to WWII that says it all. Back at the end of the war, when the occupying Japanese force was ordered to kill the locals, the soldiers warned them instead, then mingled with them so nobody would consider shooting. Wander into someone’s yard and you risk being invited to dinner, or at least being showered with food to take home. Heck, even the feral cats here are friendly.

Though many islands in this part of the world are flat atolls, Kosrae (pronounced ko-shrye) has tall serrated mountains and looks like a mini Hawaii or Tahiti. It’s tiny, shaped like a triangle, and barely 15 miles across at its widest. But it also has to compete with its better known cousins, Palau, Yap and Chuuk (formerly known as Truk).

Admittedly, Kosrae is not easy to reach ... nine hours on the United island hopper jet from Hawaii. But remoteness is what preserves Kosrae’s charm. You don’t come here to lie on the beach; there isn’t much, frankly. And you don’t come to do the latest pseudo adventure - no ziplines, no downhill bike rides, or to shop: not a single craft shop on the island. What you do here is scuba dive, immerse yourself into the culture, and meet the locals.

The very fact that most people miss Kosrae is why it’s special: It’s unspoiled; untouched; its reefs undamaged. It’s the kind of place you say, “Gee, wish I had gone there 20 years ago.” Except 20 years ago is now. 42

As to diving, the three resorts all have very active dive programs. And, should you want to notch something no other place in the world

KOSRAE can probably do, all three will get you in gear and into the water before the jet that brought you takes off again. Of the 55 mooring buoys, a dozen or so are regularly dived, with moorings typically in 30 to 50 feet of water, though you can certainly find deeper sites. Water temperature is usually in the low to mid 80s. There are often gentle currents, so the dive guide usually drags a floating marker buoy; the boat can tell where divers are. Featuring 172 species of hard corals, ten soft corals, and 250 species of fish and marine life, Kosrae is acutely aware of the need for conservation. There are marine life monitoring programs and there have been reef building projects in the past. “We’re trying to not be one of those places that has been destroyed and is being rebuilt. We’re trying to preserve it now, before that happens,” said Katrina Adams, part owner of Kosrae Village Ecolodge (KVR) and one of the founders of the local ecology movement. Indeed, the coral here is special. I floated in water so clear you could see a boat 150 feet away. In crystal shallows, I skimmed blankets of antler coral, huge brain coral studded with multicolor Christmas tree worms, anemones with clown fish the size of my hand (largest in this part of the Pacific), and six-

▲▲Local boy plays on palm trees on beach of Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). © Yvette Cardozo

Rays, dolphins, and the occasional whale are also sometimes part of the show. Oh, and one more thing they do here I’ve never seen anywhere else; If you make arrangements beforehand, all three shops will get you to your first dive site before the jet that delivered you take off. I had packed my mask and a few essentials in my carryon bag. Someone from KVR claimed my large suitcase and delivered it to my cottage while another crewman met me and whisked me off to the waiting dive boat with its gear assembled. I was geared up and dropping into the water as the United Jet took off. And I have the photos to prove it. Special thanks to the Kosrae Visitors Bureau (, Kosrae Village Ecolodge (, Kosrae Nautilus Resort ( and Pacific Treelodge Resort ( ■

▲▲Dawn at Walung, isolated village on Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). © Yvette Cardozo

▲▲Diver and school of barracuda off Kosrae, FSM. © Katrina Adams/KVR


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▲▲Orange Fin Anemone Fish peeks out from large Carpet Anemone. Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). © Katrina Adams/KVR

foot-tall pink pillars the locals call castle coral. Honestly, I haven’t seen hard coral this healthy since the best of the Caribbean in the early ‘70s. One diver even commented: “Fiji is the soft coral capital of the world, and Kosrae is the hard coral capital of the World.”

EXTRA DIVE SITES :: TITLE :: EXOTIC DIVE SITES :: MICRONESIA Most dive sites have names but some are also identified by the number of the mooring buoy, which is listed here in parentheses.


ANEMONE FISH (21) Near the bioreserve, this pristine dive is best known for its anemone and resident bright orange anemone fish with their iridescent blue-white stripes. They live in a vast forest of hard corals ... Plates, brains, tables ... So thick with vibrant life, there isn’t a spot for a fingerhold. BLUE HOLE

Hard coral gardens, moray eels, scattered coral heads and anemones with their resident fish. Also some of the clearest water of the island. MALEM REEFS

▲▲Anemone fish on an anemone. © Kosrae Nautilus Resort

Located in front of Kosrae Nautilus Resort, this is a natural hole in the inner reef with protected diving and snorkeling. Lots of juvenile fish, schools of baitfish and chromis plus a chance to inspect mangrove roots. CORAL GARDEN Okay, I named this one. We were looking for plate coral among mangrove roots at Kosrae’s protected Utwe Biosphere Reserve on the south side of the island. We never found the plates, but by the mouth of a channel where tides bring swift currents and nutrients, we found a coral garden ... finger, castle and boulder coral, all in miniature and swarming with hundreds, maybe thousands of fish of every imaginable type. There were chromis in three colors, squirrel fish, pipefish, batfish and giant oysters the size of softballs. I haven’t seen a spread like this since Irian Jaya, the other half of Papua New Guinea. A snorkeler’s paradise.

SHARK ISLAND (39) This is the dive you head for if you want to be in the water before your arrival jet takes off. It features a wall of soft corals, towers of pink finger corals, elkhorn that spreads unbroken and six foot wide bowls of convoluted lettuce coral shimmering in the sunlight. And, in the nearby deeps, pelagics. On my dive here, purple queen anthias wove through the fingers by the hundreds. A school of triggerfish wandered by. It was all so healthy. Each finger of coral was topped by a glowing dome of vibrant new growth. And nearby, mounds of boulder coral sat unblemished, speckled with Christmas tree worms. In wide swaths, there wasn’t a clear spot to put down a finger. SPLIT ROCK (42) Named for a huge split coral head that gives a dramatic silhouette, this is a macro photographer’s dream dive with nudibranches along with batfish and a resident scorpionfish. You can swim through the split and find all kinds of interesting critters.

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Known for its beautiful hard coral gardens including enormous table corals and branching staghorn corals which shelter thousands of fish and invertebrates.



Buddy Dive Resort 800.728.2234 Carib Inn +599 717 8819

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In Depth Watersports 866.476.2195 Sunset House 800.854.4767 Southern Cross Club 345.948.1099

COZUMEL Albatros Charters 888.333.4643 Diver’s Paradise 987.112.7630 www. Hotel Cozumel +52.987.872.9020 Sea Robin 951.824.9073

CURAÇAO Go West Diving (599-9) 864-0102 Dive Curaçao Now 352.302.0757

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VILLAGE REEF Directly in front of KVR with large staghorn coral, swirling schools of anthias, groupers and more. It’s also got good snorkeling shallows. WALUNG DROPOFF (32) A steep dropoff flushed by currents and studded with healthy corals. The water is colder here so there are more schools of big fish including barracuda, turtles, Napoleon wrasses and eaglerays. ■

▼▼ Local woman stands by her palm thatch house in Walung, an isolated village in Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). © Yvette Cardozo

• Wiya bird cave where thousands of swiftlets cloud the sky at dawn and dusk. • Sipyen Waterfall, where it’s likely you and your guide will be the only people enjoying the cool cascading water and its crystal clear pool. • Kosrae State Museum with its brief history of foreign occupation of the island and models of traditional homes. • Kayaking through any number of channels through local mangrove forests including a guided tour by outrigger canoe with a jungle expert. • Menka Ruins, a fascinating four-mile hike through the jungle to ancient ruins. The focus here is traditional medicine from local plants. • Lelu Ruins, literally located behind a convenience store and easy to reach, this was the home of the island royalty from the 13th Century to the early 1900s. What’s left today are 20 foot tall walls of huge basalt stones, burial tombs, ceremonial pounding stones and signs to explain it all. • Yela Forest, which encompasses 86 preserved acres of Ka trees, tall hardwoods used by locals to make outrigger canoes. The forest walk through 100 foot tall trees with 50 foot wide buttresses is breathtaking. • Kava drinking, not a ceremony but a chance to drink this mildly relaxing stuff with the locals. • Sunset cruise with Pacific Tree Lodge Resort on Thursdays. • Fishing, which involves deep sea trolling with hand lines. Don’t laugh, one man caught a 300 lb. blue marlin. • Home stay where you spend a night with a local family. Except for fishing, which runs about $100 per person and diving, which averages $109 $145 for two tanks and lunch, most tours cost between $2 ▲▲Local man holds string of and $50. fish he caught while snorkeling. © Yvette Cardozo

GUADALUPE, mx Club Cantamar Resort & Liveaboards Nautilus Explorer 604.241.1918 San Diego Shark Diving Expeditions 619.299.8660

HAWAII Capt. Charley’s Scuba Shack Maui 80477

Honduras Camp Bay Beach Resort 954.636.2844

Indonesia Kungkungan Bay Resort & Spa 530.347.2300

Mexico Maya Palms Resorts & Dive Center 888.843.3483

Maya Riveria Cave Training Mexico (1)- 9848762139 Scuba Cancun 01.998.849.7508

Micronesia Kosrae Village Ecolodge 691.370.3483

North Carolina Discovery Diving, Co 252.728.2265

Philippines Atlantis Dive Resorts & Liveaboards Marco Vincent Dive Resort Turtle Bay Dive Resort 6332.316.4133


Roatan Coco View Resort (800) 510-8164 Luna Beach Resort 866.710.LUNA (5862) Roatan Charter, Inc. 800.282.8932 Turquoise Bay Resort 504.2413.2229

South Carolina Internat’l Diving Institute 888-728-3483

TRAVEL WHOLESALE Deep Blue Adventures (888) 266-2209 Fly & Sea Dive Adventures 888.995.DIVE(3483) Scuba Travel Ventures 800.298.9009

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▲▲Diver who just arrived on that jet, getting ready for first dive on Kosrae. That’s the diver’s fin in the foreground with the departing jet in the background. © Yvette Cardozo

Though scuba diving is what draws many visitors to Kosrae, there’s plenty more to do:

SPECIALTIES EXTRA :: TITLE:: WATERSPORTS :: SUP YOGA Bow Downward Dog to the Yoga Pros Yoga is an art and a science dedicated to unity; it is a philosophy designed to foster self awareness connecting the individual to creation and nature. Yoga requires we recognize there is something greater than ourselves – directing us to a path of euphoria. Surf Ballard in Seattle offers a unique experience combining yoga euphoria and the thrill of experiencing the beautiful Puget Sound waters first hand with an SUP (Stand Up Paddleboard). Avid surfers, paddleboarders and Surf Ballard owners, Andrew Drake and Jim Simpson, outfit their customers with everything necessary for a cosmic experience with their program Washington Stan Up Paddle (WASUP) Yoga. Our initiation into this unique melding of yoga and SUP started in the evening outside the Surf Ballard Shop. Our lovely model, Taylor, bravely volunteered to circumnavigate the chilly Puget Sound waters on an SUP while learning the fine art and science of yoga. Taylor was welcomed by her instructor Hasna, a sweet and enthusiastic young woman, who readily explained the process and abated Taylor’s anxiety. Taylor, dressed comfortably in yoga pants and a t-shirt, gracefully placed her shiny paddleboard in her arms and walked towards the shoreline. Once all the participants gathered, they entered the water whilst kneeling on their boards and paddled towards a quiet cove further down the shoreline. Taylor, initially hesitant to fall off the board, returned to the shop confident and calm two hours later. She had connected with nature and her paddleboard – any lingering fear abated and she emerged victorious standing triumphantly. Surf Ballard is located in Ballard, one of Seattle’s oldest neighborhoods, which was settled in the early 1800s. Its incredible historic landmarks and attractive winding streets are just a few features to experience. Ballard is a favorite destination for locals and visitors offering trendy cafes, unique pubs and Surf Ballard – of course! Overlooking Salmon Bay, the community is often associated with the Hiram M. Chittenden Locks, which is locally known as the Ballard Locks. This waterway at the northwest end of Seattle provides an essential link between Puget Sound and Seattle’s two principal lakes, Lake Union and Lake Washington. A favorite destination for visitors and locals partaking in strolling, boating, paddle boarding, surfing, and WASUP yoga. Take a moment and walk the historic district of Ballard and when you want to bond with nature visit Surf Ballard to find your inner peace through SUP yoga. Surf Ballard is open Wednesday-Sunday from 11am until 7pm and can be reached online ■

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Article and photos by Selene Muldowney

▲▲Taylor trying out SUP Yoga for the first time.


▼▼Surf Ballard Shop. Getting ready for SUP Yoga.


Legendary Diver

Hans Hass

Passes at Age 94 By Ellsworth Boyd to the “aqualung” developed by Jacques Cousteau and Emile Gagnan in 1943. Hass says he helped with this, but wasn’t credited for his input. Hass led an expedition to the Agean Sea in 1942 where he made an impressive mark in cinematography with his daring film, “Men among Sharks.” By 1943, Hass completed his Ph.D. at the University of Berlin where his thesis on aquatic invertebrate animals was enhanced by additional notes on using rebreathers for scientific research. Years later he ▲▲Hans Hass - photo courtesy the Hans Hass Institute was awarded the honorary title of Professor by Vienna’s Science NOGI Award for “opening the seas of the Minister, Dr. Hertha Firnberg. On 1950, world to the beauty of the seas.” He won Hass married Lotte Baierl who became his first place at the Vienna Film festival in 1951 diving partner and heroine of his book, Girl for his captivating film, Under the Red Sea. on the Ocean Floor. They were married for There were touching moments at his funeral. 63 years and she accompanied him on many Not content to remain a breathholder, “Water Music” by George Frideric Handel of his adventures. Hass was one of the first Hass was a pioneer in developing and using was played softly in a commemorative mood. to dive the Red Sea and explore the deep sea the oxygen rebreather. He used one as realms of the Caribbean, Galapagos Islands, early as 1939. This became the forerunner This was the accompanying melody Indian Ocean and the Great Barrier Reef. from one of the filmmakers’ select Nearly 30 books and many films productions: Unternehmen Xanifa--Under chronicled his adventures. One the Caribbbean. Lotte Hass later sent out of the films, diving to Adventure, a message: “We are touched by the overall made in 1956 for the British sympathy we’ve received from all over the Broadcasting Company, was hailed world. Although for our beloved husband, for capturing the splendor of the father and grandfather, a new ‘expedition underwater world. to the unknown’ has started, he will always remain in our hearts and thoughts.” ■ Ironically, in 1961, Professor Hass--after 25 years of underwater exploration, writing, filmmaking ▼▼Dr. Sylvia Earle presents Hans with the Reaching Out Award at DEMA ‘97 and lecturing--gave it all up to © Ellsworth Boyd pursue his Energon Theory, a new approach to the “Phenomenon of Life.” He researched, wrote and lectured about his views of mankind’s existence and the problems people encounter in a fast-paced society. Hass, zoologist, marine biologist, economist and trail-blazer, wasn’t forgotten when he shifted gears into the behavioral sciences of the academic world. In 1997 he received the prestigious Reaching Out Award at DEMA. In 1998 the Academy of Underwater ▲▲Hans and Lotte - photo courtesy Getty Images Arts and Sciences gave him the 47

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Pioneer diver Hans Hass of Vienna, Austria, died June 16, 2013 of natural causes. He was 94 years old and leaves behind his wife Lotte, a daughter, Meta and two grandchildren, Markus and Nicola. A son by a first marriage, Hans Hass Jr., died in 2009. Hass wasn’t just a pioneer. He was more like a legend, a renowned scientist who charted the waters of human progress in diving for 25 years. Starting in 1938 when he met and dove with another legend, Guy Gilpatric, the eager protégé was inspired to devote a major part of his life to the sport. Hass became one of the first scientists to reveal the grandeur of coral reefs and reduce the fear of swimming with stingrays and sharks. Dubbed “Lord of the Sharks,” Hass was one of the first to rally for protection of what he called “the beautiful creatures that play a major role in the oceans’ food chain.”

EXTRA :: TITLE DIVING :: PUBLIC SAFETY PROFESSIONAL Scuba Cancún Dive Center Offers unique training program in Mexico

Written in collaboration with Selene Muldowney and Miguel Angel Cachoa Morali Photos courtesy Miguel Angel Cachoa Morali

The program began from humble beginnings with a few dedicated dive professionals and a need of the Cancún Fire Department for rescue training and standardizing rescue protocols. With over 20 years of experience in the Scuba Industry and years of building relationships with the local fire and police departments, Miguel Angel Cachoa Morali, Manager of Operations and Tom Hurtado, Director of Scuba Cancún Dive Center, alongside several DAN Instructors, EMT Instructors, public safety divers and firefighters from New Jersey, Baltimore and Maryland, gathered their ideas and implemented a solution to help train their local firefighters and beginning to train local police officers. The training has since evolved to include training for other municipal entities as Civil Protection including Life Guards, Red Cross, and Park Rangers. The program has gained international notoriety and has now drawn firefighters from around the world who visit and bring with them much needed equipment and insight. Aimed in general for firefighters in Mexico, the standardized program is held every three weeks and is now run by a

▲▲Bomberos Fire Station.

team including Miguel and Tom. This program is unique on many levels as it offers all the training and equipment for free and is one of the most comprehensive to date. Training includes SCUBA basics, first aid, dive emergencies, public safety protocols, recovery of divers or swimmers from water, and surface and underwater

Without donations, the Mexican fire and rescue departments would not have the necessary equipment to save lives. The people involved with this program are extremely grateful for the donations and ask SCUBA businesses and training agencies to consider donating to organizations in countries like Mexico. Most fire and rescue personnel earn

“I believe we are in this world for a reason. If I love what I do with passion, and if I have the means to share my passion, maybe the reason for living - being happy and thankful for having a life fulfilled – is to do whatever I can to give back. I am not a firefighter, but these men and women, including the police, are the closest real life heroes I have found: they do their jobs with passion, love, satisfaction, and fulfillment. They never second guess placing their lives in danger. They are not thanked enough; they earn the lowest wages; they have bad gear. I want to do something that helps them not only monetarily, but to provide knowledge that will help them. The firefighters and police are the best students and the most amazing people I have ever met.”

Miguel Angel Cachoa Morali Scuba & DAN Instructor/Trainer as well as Manager of Scuba Cancún Dive Center

rescue. Unfortunately they discovered few organizations and businesses would provide donations of equipment. However, they received tremendous support from international fire and rescue organizations who have provided equipment to them.

little to no pay and must use outdated and malfunctioning equipment. The purpose of this program is to provide professional training and certification to local fire and rescue entities and ensure

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An incredible event, a dive emergency symposium, took place in July of 2012: Training Beyond Borders was its name. This symposium quickly evolved into a unique program beginning with its roots in Cancún, Mexico and extended into an international program.

▲▲Miguel with a firefighter team they certified as DAN Dive Emergency Management Providers. Some are operatives like life guards from the department, and others are training instructors for the department and the general community.


▲▲Miguel with Dan and Betty Orr.

PUBLIC SAFETY Cancún Needs Your Assistance! Help us support this amazing program, which provides much needed training and equipment for the “Training Beyond Borders” training program.

▲▲The Cancun Underwater Museum has many objects to inspect.

▲▲Scenic view from the waters of the Cancun Underwater Museum.

Fire Department’s training room and the Scuba Cancún Dive Center. Often, with generous assistance from the Office of Visitors and Conventions Center, they have offered their seminar rooms for additional training. Most recently, the Universidad del Caribe is finalizing plans to offer the use of their 300 person auditorium for training to begin with their staff and alumni.

The unique training in Cancún, provided for free, is in compliance with standardized national protocols and include general rescue, water rescue, extrication, fire prevention, and oxygen rescue. Other rescue teams can also receive training and certification by the National Center of Disaster Prevention. Upon completion, several of the student fire and rescue team members will be certified as instructors for the program. Miguel believes it is imperative the training instructors provide the general community basic first aid as well as fire prevention such as the use of fire extinguishers. Engaging the community helps them understand the importance of civil safety departments and provides them with emergency education so they may better handle situations that arise while waiting for help.

While the program was initially built out of immediate necessity for the fire and rescue personnel, it has expanded to include the community. Prevention, as well as basic first aid, can help save a life when waiting for fire and rescue. Community members, staff at hotels, and universities can all become part of a great outreach program of education and knowledge in emergency preparedness. This program is vital to the Cancún community, but also a great example of what can be achieved with hard work, passion, determination, and sheer will. Perhaps countries with limited resources, with the support of international fire and rescue organizations, scuba and watersport companies, and training agencies can create similar systems.

The training takes place at the Cancún

Ultimately the basic goal is simple: keep Cancún safe! ■

SomeTimeS you juST have To

SuiT up!

Helping divers find the water since 1956

We Specialize in Diver Training P.A.D.I. 5 Star IDC Training Facility

▲▲Jason deCaires Taylor is the artist behind the Cancun Underwater Museum.

▲▲There are plenty of photo opportunities at the museum.



1090 West 6th Avenue, Eugene, OR 97402 49

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Cancún’s preparedness for emergencies. A recent addition to the program will include Hazardous Marine Life First Aid conducted in tandem with DAN and will be provided to all employees who have direct contact with tourism on beaches and pools. This program has been endorsed by the Hotel Association and is scheduled to begin in late September once the approval process has taken place.

They will gladly accept gently used scuba and first aid equipment as well as emergency preparedness literature and training manuals (preferably in Spanish). They will graciously accept onsite visits from Fire and Rescue personnel who are willing and able to provide training. Please feel free to contact Selene Muldowney ( for more information on how to help support this program.

EXTRA :: TITLE LIFESTYLE :: DAN MEDICAL DAN’s Medical & Safety Research

Since the 1980s, DAN has conducted field studies addressing various emerging diving practices. The main tool for our study was echocardiography which enables imaging of bubbles passing through heart. The DAN Medical Research team has conducted DAN has been the authority on dive safety research for more than several thousands of echocardiography, documented various degrees three decades. DAN Medical Research Department monitors trends of bubbles in air, nitrox and technical divers. Recently, DAN has in diving practices and health safety issues in recreational diving, been sharing these findings with tested divers so they can modify studies causes, risk factors and mechanisms of injuries and diseases their dive profiles if needed (cut back the bottom time, add more as well as injury prevention and evidence-based treatment methods. decompression time or use more oxygen) to keep their postdive bubble grades and their risk of DCS low. DAN also conducts In the past, it addressed issues like safety of using dive computers, anthropometric measurements, lung functions tests and fitness repetitive diving, flying after diving, diving with asthma and diabetes, evaluations in participants. In some studies, divers provide blood nitrox diving, treatment of decompression sickness (DCS) in remote samples for studies of microparticles, markers of inflammation locations, prevention of diving fatalities, technical diving and and cell injuries, which helps in understanding the mechanisms rebreather diving. underlying DCS. Last year, DAN conducted a randomized study to evaluate the real-life effectiveness of predive checklists use in reducing diving mishaps. The results proved the value of checklists beyond a doubt. Get Involved In DAN Research In 2012, DAN established the Online Diving Incident Reporting System, which provides an opportunity for divers to report their incidents and to help others to avoid accidents in the future. Currently, DAN is investigating the riskbenefit of PFO closure for diving. This fiveyear study is designed to compare the safety of divers who underwent PFO closure and those who continue diving without it but dive more conservatively. Enrollment is still open for this study, email to participate. This year, DAN is also exploring new avenues of research including cardiovascular issues such as autonomic control of heart rate and blood pressure, left ventricular hypertrophy and arrhythmia in diving and diving practices of divers with implanted pacemakers (Enrollment for the implanted pacemakers study is still open, email to learn more). DAN’s research is the foundation of what we know about dive safety protocols and is built on a collaborative network of leading researchers at academic institutions and organizations. These initiatives are supported by DAN Membership and donations to The DAN Foundation. You can follow along with DAN’s research developments as well as topics of related interest by reading The Dive Lab (, Over the years, we’ve worked hard to make a blog run by DAN and its partners. ■ scuba diving a much safer sport through improved training, education and research. However, dive accidents still occasionally happen and may require costly treatments and emergency transportation. DAN’s dive accident insurance protects you against out-of-pocket expenses and is an irreplaceable resource should a dive injury occur. It’s the smart way to enjoy the sport you love.

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Your Beacon of Safety




8/20/13 9:46 AM

COLUMNS :: ANDY’S MYSTERY CRITTER The Wonderful Wolffishes -

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Cold Water Companions by Andy Lamb


olffishes are large, obvious and recognizable, making this small family of fishes most popular with divers frequenting northern seas. This select group contains only five species, all of which abide the cold temperate and boreal marine regions of the planet. For devotees of cold water diving, few creatures elicit the “delight of encounter” as do wolffishes. Technically, they are known as the Anarhichadidae from the Greek anarrhichensis meaning “climb up” – a seemingly obscure connection.

▲▲Juvenile Atlantic wolffish in Norway © Kent Forsen

Small business directory

▲▲Adult Atlantic wolffish in Newfoundland © Rick Stanley

▲▲Adult Atlantic wolffish engaging an Atlantic lobster in Newfoundland © Rick Stanley


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Photography Equipment wolffish Anarhichias minor and the northern wolffish Anarhichais denticulatus tend to SLS Photography inhabit depths greater than the average sport When Your Image Matters... diver explores. Unfortunately, all Atlantic wolffishes are species at risk as they are Photography Accessories traditional collateral damage of trawl fisheries. Polar pro The smallest and largest wolffishes reside in the Pacific and adjacent seas. Reaching GoPro Accessories a maximum size of 112 cm (45 in.) and 15 kg (33 lb) the Bering wolffish software solutions Anarhichias orientalis, is the smallest DivingGlobal member of the family. It is found from northern Japan, through the Okhotsk New Premier Cloud Service Provider and Bering Seas, and straggling into southeastern Alaska. The Organizations largest family member is the iconic worldwide christian scuba divers west coast wolf-eel Annarhichthys ocellatus, which can attain 2.4 m (8 Christian Dive Travel ft) and 18.4 kg (40.6 lb). Fortunately ▼▼Adult spotted wolffish at Disko Bay, Greenland for west coast divers, the wolf-eel © Rick Stanley has a “user-friendly” distribution – northern Mexico to Alaska’s Gulf coast. Simply looking at the excellent ▲▲Pair of adult wolf-eels (female on left, male on right) © Peter Luckham photographs presented reveals how distinctive wolffishes are. Large The North Atlantic Ocean is the jaws, laden with impressive canine and distributional hub for wolffishes as three molar teeth at the head end of elongate ▼▼Juvenile wolf-eel in Northern BC of the five species reside there. All live bodies are consistent family features. © Rob Roy throughout this cold temperate and arctic All have distinctive, albeit small tails zone, sharing the waters of the northern U.S -- the wolf-eel, with its ultra elongate states, Canadian Maritimes, Newfoundland/ body and barely discernible tail fin being Labrador to Davis Bay, off Baffin Island. marginally different. Their arc of distribution continues over Although a diver sometimes finds to Greenland, Iceland and to the coast of wolffishes on the bottom, completely in Norway. Of these three, the species most the open, more likely they will be noticed commonly seen by divers, the Atlantic looking out of dens. Sometimes a lucky wolffish Anarhichias lupus, expands this aquanaut will find even a mated pair. A general range somewhat. It straggles south particularly patient (and cautious) diver is to New Jersey in North America and sometimes rewarded by a curious specimen northern France in Europe. The spotted “inching out” to show more of itself. ■


Strength-Flexibility for The Diver: Trunk and Midsection Drills

Israel “Coach Izzy” Sanchez is a fitness and strength author, speaker, educator, and writer. His love for scuba diving and his ability to help others eliminate chronic pain to reclaim an active lifestyle have turned him into the preferred strength and fitness coach for divers. Catch up with him at

I’ll take that you’ve been consistent with the drills presented in the previous installments. If so, you’ll find the upcoming drills productive and have a greater safety margin executing them. If not, it’ll serve you best to master the previous drills and save yourself frustration and discomfort. The focus in this segment is the trunk/midsection of the body. And yes, I know mainstream calls it the core, and though I will occasionally use the term for reference, I dislike its ambiguous definition. I focus in the midsection not because it’s more important as many pundits would like us to believe, but because training the midsection is a component of a thorough strength program. In this segment, I emphasize the neglected element of rotational motions in the trunk. The drills below will allow you to introduce rotation to your training while the imposed barriers presented by your structure prevent you from getting into extreme ranges, keeping you relatively safe. Planking Scorpion Excellent for upper body strength and mobility in the front of the torso and hips. For illustration purposes, we’ll start with a right leg lead. Basic Scorpion • Lay down face down with arms open at your sides at 90 degree angles. • Bring your right heel toward your left arm. • As your body rotates, look down at your left foot. This will keep your neck comfortable. • Hold on top for a count of one and return. • Switch sides and repeat. 10 times per side. • Keep your arms at 90 degrees. This will provide you with a reasonable gauge to monitor your progress. Advanced Planking Scorpion • Start on a push-up position • Drop to a push-up shifting your weight to your right side. • As your body lowers, bring your left heel toward the right side, aiming for the floor. • Return and repeat, alternating sides. • 5 to 7 reps per side.

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By Coach Izzy

▲▲Basic Scorpion


▼▼Split Drops

Split Drops An excellent drill for both anterior and posterior hip and leg. The advanced version of the Terminator Deadlifts shown in the previous installment prepared you for this. If you still need some more work, incorporate the wide walking lunges until you build enough mobility. Wide walking lunges • Step with the right foot forward until the back leg almost straight and supported on the ball of the foot. • Drive down through the entire front foot to propel forward. • Aim to transition to the next leg in one move. If too difficult, bring the feet together and switch. • 7-10 reps per side Split Drops • Start on push-up position. Bring right foot forward and next to the outside of the right arm. Both hands are firm on the floor. • Back leg almost straight and resting on the ball of the foot. • Drive the left hip down to the floor and the right ankle, creating a slight rotation. Your upper body should help support you. • Return and repeat 7 times per side. The How To: Add the following 4-cycle with no rest circuit to the end of your main workout 3 to 4 times per week. You may replace the previous drills or alternate them. Make sure to check for video on techniques. Combo 1 Split Drops x 10 per side Planking Scorpion x 10 per side Combo 2 Planking Scorpion x 7 per side Seated Press and Stand Up x 10 Stay consistent as this will prepare you for the upcoming drills while helping you improve your strength and mobility. Use common sense and err on the side of caution. Never be in a rush to get fit and respect your body. Until next time, happy training and safe diving!


DiveAlert introduces a new surface marker buoy (SMB.LED) that employs six LED lamps to illuminate the entire 65-inch long and eight-inch wide body length. This means that even at night, the SMB.LED will glow above most waves and allow other divers or a charter boat to visually pinpoint your surface location and give a possibly disoriented night diver peace of mind. The SMB.LED has 40 lbs of lift and a handle to attach items to and is made of 400 Denier polyurethanecoated nylon. With a twist of a switch you can light up a surface marker buoy, which looks cooler and larger than a Jedi light saber. More importantly it can attract help when you need it most. For more info, check out

Princeton Tec has produced incredible new dive lights. The Torrent Led puts out 180 lumens, takes eight AA batteries for 30 hours of burn time, and is rated down to 330 ft. deep making it a great back up light. The Amp 1L marker light comes with a removable diffuser cone and puts out 45 lumens for 12 hours on two AAA batteries for use on the surface or attached to the tank on night dives. Finally, after years of research, The League 100 is out on the market. The League 100 puts out 210 lumens for 10 hours on 4 AA batteries, and you won’t believe the price until you visit a local dealer. For more info, visit or see our Youtube under

Pinnacle Endeavor Wetsuit Pinnacle has introduced a new 7-mm wet suit: the Endeavor. It has the zipper across the front for easy entry, anatomically pre-bent legs and arms to reduce bunching, highly protective Tatex knee pads, molded rubber shoulder pads, honey combed O ring seals with orca skin forearm gussets, and 8-inch ankle zippers. Pinnacle also uses high stretch titanium lined elastiprene neoprene. Best of all, the Inferno undergarment can be used with the Endeavor to add an extra layer of warmth using the Merino-lined inner layer that absorbs like a sponge yet retains core heat. A wetsuit or drysuit hood can be zipped right to the Inferno undergarment. It’s a sweet cool system for use in salty cold water. Visit www. or see our video on Youtube under http://

Torpedo®Inc. Torpedo scooters now come in three sizes: the 3500 model zooms underwater at 3.5mph/45minutes, the 2500 zips along at 2.5mph/ 55minutes, and the 2000 model parts the water at 2mph/80minutes. Beside these technical speed feats, Torpedo scooters are simple to seal and easy to use. A wrist strap magnet held next to the handle bar starts up the quiet propeller of the Torpedo, moves the magnetic strap away, and the torpedo quickly comes to a stop. Best of all the Torpedo is easily one of the best dive propolltion vehicle to hold either horizontally or vertically above one spot to blow away sand and excavate sediment off a substrate full of hidden silver artifacts, Spanish gold doubloons, or even more importantly, to reveal a treasure filled field of clams. Check out or see our Youtube video under


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Closer Than Ever

Get incredible, up-close photos and video with the new SeaLife AquaPod

SeaLife DC1400 with Fisheye Wide Angle Lens

Up Close in Brilliant Color Bring the undersea landscape to life with the SeaLife DC1400 camera and new 16mm Fisheye Wide Angle Lens. From a shallow reef to depths of 200 feet, the DC1400 is easy to use and fully expandable with a variety of lighting options.

Set your course for success at the ONLY international trade-only event for diving, action watersports and travel professionals!

November 6–9, 2013 Orlando, Florida Orange County Convention Center

NADN October 2013  

October Edition of North America Dive News

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