Discover Concord Summer 2024

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CONCORD Discover

SUMMER 2024 19PLUS! THINGS TO SEE & DO THIS SPRING A Turning Point at Wright’s Tavern A Midnight Stop on the Underground Railroad Doris Kearns Goodwin’s An Unfinished Love Story The Sons of Liberty

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Birthday! It’s Our

IIt’s hard to believe, but it’s been five years since the launch of Discover Concord, and we are celebrating! We are so grateful to our readers, subscribers, authors, contributors, advertisers, sponsors, Advisory Board, and so many others who have helped make the magazine such a great success in a short time. We couldn’t have done it without you!

Just two friends and an idea about giving back turned into Concord’s first ever tourism magazine, launched in the summer of 2019 with a 40-page pilot issue and a fervent hope that we could make a difference. Some of those early features, such as Barrow Bookstore’s clever Concord Trivia, Dave Witherbee’s stunning photo essays, and the walking maps of Concord’s cultural centers endure to this day. We continue to focus on the area’s revolutionary history and literary legacy, as well as our parks and outdoor treasures, thriving artistic community, and the many family-friendly events that keep us all connected to this beautiful community. Today, Discover Concord magazine has grown to an average of 80 pages and frequently includes special inserts and other features that highlight hidden gems in Concord and great places to discover in surrounding areas. We’ve even won a few awards in the process, thanks to your support!

In this issue you’ll find articles on the Sons of Liberty, today’s Concord Minutemen, the legacy of Wright’s tavern, and a good mystery concerning the possible pseudonyms of Louisa May Alcott. We highlight Concord’s own Doris Kearns Goodwin and her newest book, An Unfinished Love Story: A Personal History of the 1960s. Follow along as we discover

the origin of Concord’s beloved Barrow Bookstore. And, of course, you’ll find so many Things To See & Do and fun options with Arts Around Town this summer!

With all the excitement and happenings this season, you may want to take a moment to slow down. Our special insert “Thoughtful Places in Concord” will inspire you to pause and reflect, ponder your world, or simply take a moment to enjoy the beauty that is all around us.

So, Happy Birthday Discover Concord! And a great big thanks to all of you! Here’s to many more years together!

PS – We all love presents, right? Well, if YOU would like to do a little something to help us celebrate our 5th birthday, would you consider subscribing? There are a LOT of new visitors coming to town with the big 250 celebrations, and your subscription helps us print more copies to welcome our new friends and help them get to know what makes Concord and our surrounding area so special! Please visit to subscribe (or to gift a subscription to a friend!). Thanks so much!

2 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
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4 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024 10 Things to See & Do this Summer 12 From Concord to the World: Doris Kearns Goodwin’s An Unfinished Love Story BY JENNIFER C. SCHÜNEMANN 15 Simple Steps for a Summertime Tea Party BY JENNIFER
SCHÜNEMANN 16 The Concord Minute Men: Honoring the Past BY DOUG ELLIS 18 By The Law of Nature Free Born: The Sons of Liberty BY RICHARD SMITH 20 Celebrating a Historic Connection at the Wright Tavern BY JENNIFER C. SCHÜNEMANN 22 A Turning Point at Wright’s Tavern BY VICTOR CURRAN 24 Exploring Conord in a Morning, a Day, or a Weekend BY BETH VAN DUZER 28 By Any Other Name: The Pseudonyms of Louisa May Alcott BY JAN TURNQUIST 30 Telling Their Stories Contents Continued on Page 6 contents SUMMER 2024 p. 10 p. 15 p. 20 p. 12
Guest Rooms – Restaurant and Tavern – Outdoor Patio Dining — Groups & Events All in the Heart of Historic Concord Perfectly situated just a short walk from the Minute Man National Historic Park, the Old North Bridge, Louisa May Alcott’s Orchard House, and the Concord Museum! Walk to Concord Center’s charming sights and shops. Then come home to a cocktail on the patio and a delicious meal. Welcome to Concord’s Colonial Inn! We look forward to your visit. 48 Monument Square - Concord, MA 01742 Hotel: 978.369.9200 Restaurants: 978.369.2373 Groups & Events: 978.341.8201
6 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024 contents 32 Dining Al Fresco in Concord BY JENNIFER C. SCHÜNEMANN insert Thoughtful Places in Concord BY JENNIFER C. SCHÜNEMANN 34 A Midnight Stop on the Underground Railroad: Shadrach Minkin’s Flight to Freedom Led through Concord BY BEN JACQUES 38 Right as Rail: Take a Trip through West Concord on the Bruce Freeman Rail Trail BY CARLENE HEMPEL 41 Where to Stay, Shop, and Eat in Concord 42 Walking Maps of Concord 46 Making Nature Accessible to All BY RENATA POMPONI 48 Lights! Camera! Action! A New Film Stars Concord’s Own Ellen Garrison BY JENNIFER C. SCHÜNEMANN 50 History Inspires Fashion at The Old Manse BY MARYBETH KELLY 52 The Tale of Concord’s Barrow Bookstore BY JAIMEE LEIGH JOROFF p. 52 p. 46 p. 38 p. 50 Contents Continued on Page 8




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Cynthia L. Baudendistel


Jennifer C. Schünemann


Beth Pruett


Wilson S. Schünemann




The School of Philosophy at the Louisa

May Alcott Orchard House in Concord, MA. © Voyager Publishing LLC


Cynthia L. Baudendistel

Lyca Blume

Pierre Chiha

Victor Curran

Doug Ellis

Carlene Hempel

Ben Jacques

Jaimee Leigh Joroff

Marybeth Kelly

Kristi Lynn Martin

Renata Pomponi

Jennifer C. Schünemann

Richard Smith

Jan Turnquist

Beth Van Duzer

Dave Witherbee

8 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
CONCORD Discover
© 2024 Voyager Publishing, LLC. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form by any means without the prior written permission of the publisher. ISSN 2688-5204 (Print) ISSN 2688-5212 (Online) For reprint and permission requests, please contact | 314.308.6611 FOR ADVERTISING INFORMATION: Jennifer C. Schünemann at | 978.435.2266 56 Concord Kids: Fascinating Firefly Facts! BY BAREFOOT BOOKS 60 Historic Concord: Plan Your Visit BY CYNTHIA L.
62 Finding Margaret Fuller in Concord: A Book Review BY
64 Tnumarya: A Profile of Mary Moody Emerson BY
66 The Bounty of the Season BY CYNTHIA L. BAUDENDISTEL 68 Artist Spotlight BY LYCA BLUME 70 Arts Around Town BY CYNTHIA L. BAUDENDISTEL 72 Concord Trivia BY BARROW BOOKSTORE 76 Concord Welcomes Summer BY DAVE WITHERBEE 79 Advertiser Index contents
Wood CONCORD MUSEUM p. 66 p. 70 p. 76


Summer Things to See & Do in Concord this


Explore the historic battle at Concord’s North Bridge where the British Army suffered its first casualties of the war, and the legacy of this event in American History. Join a park ranger for “Concord’s North Bridge and Memory,” a 30-minute tour sure to be a fascinating and insightful look at this pivotal moment in history. Tuesdays through Sundays at 11:00 am, June 21 –August 29.

2The events at Concord’s North Bridge on April 19, 1775, turned on decisions made by soldiers on both sides; decisions that changed the course of history. “North Bridge Battlefield Walk” is a new walking

tour to the April 19 North Bridge battle site where you’ll learn more about those fateful decisions. June 21 – August 29. Tuesdays through Sundays at 2:00 pm


Visit the Hartwell Tavern, witness to the historic events of April 19, 1775. The Tavern is open 10 am – 4:30 pm and public programs take place at 11 am and 2 pm daily. Join a park ranger to discover the motivations and realities faced by those who volunteered to be “ready at a minute’s warning.” Thursdays, Fridays, and Saturdays (except June 15, June 29, and September 14).


Tour Buttrick Gardens. Experience this historic garden that stands near the muster fields of April 19, 1775. Begun in 1911, two generations of the Buttrick family tended and enlarged the formal gardens until 1962, when the National Park Service purchased the property. Framed by ornamental trees and shrubs, the garden beds contain the Buttrick family’s award-winning iris and daylilies, colorful spring bulbs, and perennials that bloom from spring to fall. Join Friends of Minute Man Park for a free 45-minute tour of these remarkable gardens. Join in person or online. Free. Registration required. June 27 and July 25.

10 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
Courtesy of the National Park Service Courtesy of the National Park Service


Join Verrill Farm to raise money for a great cause, Connections. All proceeds support individuals with limited access to nature to experience connections with the natural world. Bring the whole family and compete to win the grand prize! Join in the face painting, live animal encounter, and enter the raffle to win prize baskets. June 29.


Explore Queer History at the Wayside during a very special open house that will include presentations by park rangers. June 29. 10 am – 4 pm


Celebrate Independence Day! Pack up the family and friends and head to Emerson Playground for a delightful day of music, games, food vendors, and more. July 4.


Join The Robbins House for their annual reading of Frederick Douglass’ famous speech, “What to the Slave is the 4th of July?” Audience participation is welcome and light refreshments will be served. July 4 at 10 am.


Experience Riverfest Summer 2024. This three-week celebration of the Sudbury, Assabet, and Concord Rivers has something for everyone. Paddle the rivers, attend history talks, go birding, and more. And be sure to visit The Old Manse for a day full of family and kid-friendly activities on Saturday July 20. All events are free and open to the public! July 6 – 28.


Join the 83rd Annual Gathering of the Thoreau Society. The theme this year is Thoreau & Resilience, and with dozens of sessions, roundtable discussions, and more there is sure to be much here to ponder and discuss. July 10 – 14.


Henry David Thoreau spent two years living at Walden Pond, but where did he spend the rest of his life? Join the Concord Museum for this unique tour, “A Walk in Thoreau’s Concord,” and explore the other homes in Concord where Thoreau lived and hear the personal stories told about him by his family and friends. July 13. Concord


Screen the new film, Mona Lisa is Missing. Concord Free Public Library will host a screening of the awardwinning film Mona Lisa is Missing, describing the 1911 theft of da Vinci’s famous painting “Mona Lisa” from the Louvre Museum in Paris. The filmmakers will join via Zoom after the screening to talk about how they researched the film. July 13. Free and suitable for all ages.


Celebrate Capt. Parker’s 295th birthday this July 13 on the Battle Green in Lexington from 11 am - 2 pm. Bring a chair or blanket and enjoy musci, activites, food trucks, and birthday cake! More at


Honor George Washington Dugan on July 18. Visit the website for more information.


You know Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, but how well do you know Concord’s other cemeteries? Tour the oldest cemetery in Concord, established circa 1636, and learn about the lives of past Concordians. “Grave Detectives Walking Tour” will explore the classic iconography of New England headstones that feature winged skulls or “death’s heads”, urns, willows, and other symbols. August 3.


Celebrate Ag Day 2024. Don’t miss this annual farmer’s market showcasing Concord’s robust farming community. Pick up the freshest produce while you enjoy music and more on Main Street in Concord Center. September 7.

17 August 11 marks just 250 days until the 250 celebrations! Help light the way, with a lantern celebration around town with fun activities for the whole family! Learn more at

18 Rent a kayak or canoe from the South Bridge Boat House and explore the 29 free-flowing miles of the Sudbury, Assabet, and Concord rivers which have been designated as “Wild and Scenic” for their outstanding ecology, history, scenery, recreation value, and place in American Literature. Learn more at


Rent a bike in any of the four Minuteman Bike Share locations: Concord Center at the Visitor’s Center, in West Concord by the Bruce Freeman Rail Trail Bridge over the Nashoba Brook, Acton’s East Village on the Bruce Freeman Rail Trail, and at Brooks Street along the Bruce Freeman Rail Trail. Rentals are just $2/hour and are a great way to explore Concord’s many trails with the whole family. 11
Courtesy of the National Park Service
Courtesy of the Concord Visitor Center Concord Bike Share program Public domain Mona Lisa

From Concord to the World: Doris Kearns Goodwin’s An Unfinished Love Story

“I speak tonight for the dignity of man and the destiny of democracy. At times, history and fate meet at a single place and a single time to shape a turning point in man’s unending search for freedom. So it was in Lexington and Concord, so it was a century ago at Appomattox, so it was last week in Selma, Alabama.”

— President Lyndon B. Johnson, 1965 (speech written by Dick Goodwin)

CConcord is an interesting place. It’s filled with the sites and stories of the American Revolution. You can literally walk in the footsteps of the great American transcendentalist writers such as Thoreau and Emerson. General Lafayette stopped here on his farewell tour of America in 1824. There is something about this small town that continues to draw magnetic personalities who shape our country over and over.

One such luminary is Doris Kearns Goodwin – Pulitzer Prize-winning author, respected presidential historian, and wife of the internationally acclaimed presidential speechwriter, the late Richard (Dick) Goodwin. Together, this inspirational couple witnessed the turbulent events of the 1960s and worked hard to do their part in shaping a more positive outcome for future generations.

Living the History of the 1960s

Doris’ interest in leadership began as a professor at Harvard and was deeply shaped

by her work for Lyndon B. Johnson, both during his time in the White House and later as she assisted him in writing his memoirs. These experiences led to her first book, Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream. She followed up with the Pulitzer Prize-winning book, No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor and the Home Front in World War II. She earned the Lincoln Prize for the runaway bestseller Team of Rivals, the basis for Steven Spielberg’s awardwinning film Lincoln, and the Carnegie Medal for The Bully Pulpit: Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and the Golden Age of Journalism.

Dick Goodwin was a senior advisor and speechwriter for Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. His work helped shape both politics and public policy. After

12 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
Dick and Doris on their wedding day Courtesy of Doris Kearns Goodwin

John F. Kennedy’s assassination, it was Dick Goodwin who arranged for an eternal flame to be lit at the presidential burial site in Arlington National Cemetery. When Robert F. Kennedy was shot in Los Angeles, it was Dick Goodwin who sat vigil with family members and other aides until Kennedy was pronounced dead.

Dick helped craft many important political speeches, including JFK’s first major address on Latin American affairs, Robert Kennedy’s 1966 “Ripple of Hope” anti-apartheid speech, and even Al Gore’s concession speech after the 2000 election.

In 1965, President Johnson relied on his young advisor to craft one of the most famous speeches in presidential history, in the wake of horrific violence inflicted on peaceful marchers in Selma, Alabama. The resulting “We Shall Overcome” speech propelled a nation forward and led to the historic Voting Rights Act.

A Love Story in a Turbulent World

Dick and Doris met in 1972. She was a young professor at Harvard, and he was a brash and brilliant political consultant and speech writer. Their relationship was intellectual and emotional magic from their first meeting.

“We started a conversation that afternoon about everything – about music, astronomy, sex, LBJ, the beleaguered Red Sox, and more,” recounted Doris. “We went to dinner and the conversation didn’t stop. It never stopped the rest of our lives.”

They soon married and eventually moved to Concord, where they lived for more than four decades. Here, they gathered almost nightly with local friends to discuss and debate the issues of the day. This sort of lyceum both bridged and continued the traditions that form the basis of Concord culture – a passion for social justice, drawing inspiration from nature, and a dedication to holding leadership accountable and speaking truth to power.

“It was the adventure of a lifetime being married for 42 years to this incredible force of nature – the smartest, most interesting, most loving person I have ever known,” she said. “How lucky I have been to have had him by my side as we built our family and our

careers together – surrounded by close friends in a community we love.”

Bringing History to Life

Doris shared the story of a fateful morning, shortly after Dick had turned 80. He came down the stairs in the morning, singing “Oh, What a Beautiful Morning.” “Ok,” said Doris “why are you so happy this morning?”

He responded, “I’ve decided it’s time to open the boxes.” And Doris knew exactly what he meant. For their entire married life, 300 boxes had followed them around from one place to another –from basements to barns to storage.

“The boxes were an incredibly complete time capsule of the 60s. But Dick hadn’t wanted to open them all those years,” said Doris.

“He was everywhere you wanted him to be with JFK, with LBJ, with Jackie Kennedy, with Robert Kennedy, with Senator Eugene McCarthy in New Hampshire – and he saved everything.

But the decade had ended too sadly with the death of Robert Kennedy. Dick was with him when he died. Bobby was his closest friend in public life. His death, together with Martin Luther King’s assassination, the riots in the cities, and the campus violence that

was going on had cast a dark curtain on Dick’s memory of the 60s. For decades, he just wanted to move ahead rather than look backward.”

But the passage of time inspired Dick. “If I have any wisdom to dispense, I’m past 80. I had better start dispensing it now,” he said. And so, they embarked on a great adventure – opening that time capsule and diving into a rediscovery of the events, people, and politics that shaped a nation throughout an important chapter of American history.

Discover CONCORD | 13
LBJ signs the Voting Rights Act Dick Goodwin working with President Johnson in 1965 © Yoichi Okomoto Doris working with LBJ in 1968 © Yoichi Okomoto © Yoichi Okomoto

“Combing through these papers reconnected us with participants and witnesses of pivotal moments of the 1960s. It gave us an important final mission in the last chapter of Dick’s life – and bringing those voices to life for the public has been deeply important to me,” said Doris.

Sadly, Dick passed away before their work together was complete. But the spark had been ignited, and Doris would work through her grief and eventually go on to finish what she and her husband had begun together. The resulting book, An Unfinished Love Story: A Personal History of the 1960s, is equal parts biography of Dick Goodwin and a deeply insightful glimpse into the human, political, and cultural response to the turbulent 1960s. The stories may have hailed from half a century ago, but they are strangely resonant with the America of today.

Hope for a New Generation

In a touching full-circle moment this past spring, Doris stepped up to the podium at the Goodwin Forum in the Concord Free Public Library – a public lecture hall named in honor of Dick and Doris. That momentous quote from the Selma speech is displayed on a wall overseeing a portion of the Goodwins’ stunning collection of 10,000 books they had gathered over a lifetime of work.

Surrounded by those books – by a lifetime of memories of her extraordinary life together with Dick – this petite woman with a powerful presence began to speak of her late husband, of their collective experiences they had with leaders who both inspired and frustrated them, of the couple’s tireless work towards a more inclusive vision of America, and of their final quest together to share a piece of living history with a new generation.

“My husband had an extraordinary life of public service,” said Doris. “This book is really about his unwavering belief that – as difficult as times may be – the ideals of America endure.”

“I believe that in some ways, that desire to be remembered is why we tell stories of our loved ones,” said Doris. “If I could advise people, having gone through those boxes, I would say don’t wait until your loved ones die to go through their scrapbooks and memorabilia. Do it while they’re alive

so they can share their stories with you.

And then you share their stories with your children, grandchildren, your friends, and your colleagues. That is how people live on forever.”

A Love Story for Us All

What was clear to me, as I looked around the Goodwin Forum and listened to the powerful words of this woman whom I admire so deeply, was that this love story never ends. Not with Dick Goodwin, whose spirit is fondly remembered by so many. Not with Doris, whose words and presence

inspire so many to embrace the responsibility to be good stewards of our community. And not with us – each one of us.

Despite the corporate news channels and social media networks vying for our attention and dividing us with algorithms designed to ignite passion and pit us against each other, we all remain an important part of this grand experiment called democracy. The Great Society is still alive – all around us.

An Unfinished Love Story reminds us of that sacred duty to each do our part to ensure that America endures.

You can find a signed copy of some of Doris Kearns Goodwin’s books right in Concord Center at the Concord Bookshop. To learn more about the amazing woman we here in Concord have the privilege of calling friend and neighbor, please visit

14 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
Doris Kearns Goodwin at the Concord Free Public Library Courtesy of Doris Kearns Goodwin

Steps for a Summertime Tea Party


Simple Steps for a Summertime Tea Party

Tsoothing warmth of herbal to help you prepare ingredients. The you choose greatly Loose leaf tea allows and release their your choice, ensure leaves. use one teaspoon tea bag per cup Adjust the quantity preference and the temperature plays a crucial Different types of tea temperatures for the best suitable for black while green teas and be brewed with to avoid bitterness. temperature control delicate balance. another critical lead to a bitter under-steeping might result in a

Tea’s association with Great Britain began in the 17th-century when it was introduced to British society by Portuguese and Dutch traders. Initially, it was considered a luxury item, affordable only to the elite. However, the British East India Company’s monopoly on tea trade and the subsequent expansion of tea cultivation in British colonies like India and Sri Lanka, made tea more accessible to the masses. By the 18th century, tea had become a staple of British culture, with afternoon tea rituals and tea parties becoming commonplace across the country. Today, tea remains a symbol of hospitality, comfort, and tradition in Britain. Many Americans have adopted the garden tea party as well – particularly when the weather is beautiful as it is in summer!

Why not try your hand at a garden tea party with friends? If you are wondering how to begin, The Bee’s Knees British Imports at 566 Massachusetts Ave. in Acton has put together this easy guide to help you elevate your tea-drinking experience to new heights. Whether you prefer the briskness of black tea, the subtlety of green tea, the delicate flavors

of white tea, or the soothing warmth of herbal infusions, here’s a guide to help you prepare the perfect “cuppa.”

Firstly, start with quality ingredients. The type and quality of tea you choose greatly influence the final brew. Loose leaf tea allows the leaves to fully expand and release their flavors. If tea bags are your choice, ensure they’re made of whole tea leaves.

weak brew. Generally, black teas require 3-5 minutes, green teas 2-3 minutes, white teas 4-6 minutes, and herbal teas 5-7 minutes. A lid or a tea cozy can help maintain the ideal temperature throughout the brewing process. Once the tea is brewed to perfection, remove the leaves or tea bags promptly to prevent over-extraction. Leaving them in the water can result in a bitter or astringent taste. If you have questions about brewing the proper cup of tea, or are wondering where to find high quality teas, the perfect table setting, or British treats to accompany your summertime tea party, the ladies at The Bee’s Knees British Imports would love to help – Lucinda might even share her recipe for sausage rolls if you ask her! Cheers!

As a general guideline, use one teaspoon of loose-leaf tea or one tea bag per cup (8 ounces) of water. Adjust the quantity based on personal preference and the strength of flavor desired.

Next, water temperature plays a crucial role in brewing tea. Different types of tea require different temperatures for the best infusion. Boiling water is suitable for black teas and herbal blends, while green teas and delicate white teas should be brewed with water just below boiling to avoid bitterness. An electric kettle with temperature control can help you master this delicate balance.

The steeping time is another critical factor. Over-steeping can lead to a bitter taste, while under-steeping might result in a

weak brew. Generally, black teas require 3-5 minutes, green teas 2-3 minutes, white teas 4-6 minutes, and herbal teas 5-7 minutes. A lid or a tea cozy can help maintain the ideal temperature throughout the brewing process. Once the tea is brewed to perfection, remove the leaves or tea bags promptly to prevent over-extraction. Leaving them in the water can result in a bitter or astringent taste.

If you have questions about brewing the proper cup of tea, or are wondering where to find high quality teas, the perfect table setting, or British treats to accompany your summertime tea party, the ladies at The Bee’s Knees British Imports would love to help – Lucinda might even share her recipe for sausage rolls if you ask her! Cheers!

Discover CONCORD | 15
Courtesy of the Bee’s Knees British Imports This article was made possible through the support of The Bee’s Knees British Imports
Whittard Tea, A British favorite Tea in summer Lucinda serves students at a Master Class on brewing tea
Photo courtesy of Whittard Tea © Voyager This article was made possible through the support of The Bee’s Knees British Imports Whittard Tea, A British favorite Tea in summer Lucinda serves students at a Master Class on brewing tea
© Voyager Publishing
Photo courtesy of Whittard Tea

The Concord Minute Men: Honoring the Past

HHave you ever wondered what it’s like to be a modern-day minuteman? The Concord Minute Men, established on December 10, 1962, in advance of the bicentennial, is the quintessential colonial unit here in Concord. At its peak in 1976, it boasted 253 men (and only men were admitted). The Minute Men was one of those organizations everyone wanted to participate in if they could. In subsequent years, membership declined, as with many other organizations. The bicentennial came and went, and although a plethora of events followed in the subsequent years, only a stalwart group of members formed the core and kept the tradition alive.

By 2010, membership was down to about 20 with only about seven or so members active at any given time. But the lights were not out for the Concord Minute Men. A core group of us knew how much fun and what an honor it is to represent the town and its history and wanted to share it. John Arena began to recruit new members from the Concord Public Schools staff, and before long, we had a solid fife and drum corp. John recruited Julie Beyer into the fife corp and we threw out the “men only” requirement and never looked back. Slowly but surely,

the musket men began to increase in ranks by both bolstering our numbers from other minute companies and from our own new recruits.

Today we have roughly 40 members, with about 25 attending each event. We consist of our fife and drum unit, musket men and women, and honor guard. Our focus is to have fun, making participation easy. In the original days of the Concord Minute Men, we had very basic uniforms that needed to be more historically accurate, but they reminded the members of the period they represent. Today, we strive for a much higher standard, but frankly, we do not think the public who sees us cares if our canteen straps are made of cotton or hemp.

Our fife and drum unit have a lot of fun. They conduct practices nearly every

week at the Fenn School or the School of Philosophy at the Orchard House in the winter. In warmer months, you can see us practice on the Town Common across from the Colonial Inn (typically on Tuesdays). New members need not have any experience. A fife is a relatively inexpensive instrument, and the team is happy to teach. Of course, experience playing a flute helps a lot! We have many of our original drums

16 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024

from back in the day, so new drummers can usually draw from a supply of well-seasoned instruments.

The musket men and women represent the original minutemen as faithfully as possible. The Concord Minute Men begin their musket drills in January every year to refresh the veterans and train the new folks. Our movements are all dictated by the “1764 Manual of Arms” and since all units use the same drill, anyone can drill with any other unit. This is good for several reasons. First, we all follow the same safety protocols and learn from each other. Second, if you know the drill, you can participate with any other unit. We ask that members attend as many drills as they can until they can show proficiency to our Safety Officer, Doug Ellis. Once proficient, members have the opportunity to join up with other units and participate in any number of public events and re-enactments.

Together, the combined unit participates in many town events including Patriots’ Day, the Dawn Salute at the Old North Bridge, Honored Citizen, Memorial Day observances in West Concord and Concord Center, the Veterans Day Flag retirement ceremony, and the Holiday Tree Lighting. We also make annual presentations to the 5th-grade classes in all the schools (as schedules allow). Additionally, in recent years, we’ve spread our wings and have been invited to several parades outside of Concord such as the Bunker Hill Parade in Charlestown, the Marlborough Labor Day Parade, and Holliston’s 300th Anniversary Parade.

We also get invited to unusual events such as promotional videos with WBZ, Ken Burns’ “Honor Your Hometown” video series, the commissioning of the USS Thomas Hudner, and so much more.

The time commitment is up to the member. We all do this to have fun, and although we want and need to have good numbers to participate in events, we understand that everyone can’t do everything. We have some members who just participate in the Patriots’ Day parade and that’s fine. We have others who participate in about everything because they want to and that’s awesome!

Getting outfitted is another big concern for most people. The fact is, it’s a process. We do have some waistcoats, breeches, and such that were turned in by former members. But,

they’re usually the old uniforms that aren’t historically accurate, and probably won’t fit very well. It’s a good place to start without spending a lot but you’ll probably want to upgrade soon. We do strive for the National Park authenticity standard but understand that’s a very high hurdle for a newcomer. We maintain a long list of suppliers these days both locally and online where you can get a very authentic “kit” put together fairly quickly and with minimum expense.

Our current membership is composed of both new and long-time members who been doing this for generations like our Captain, Carl Sweeney, who was a member as a teenager at the bicentennial, as well as Jay

Powers and Colin Chisolm who participated with their fathers years ago. Additionally, history buffs like me who are just honored to represent those who came before, and entire families like Kermit King and his daughter Addie who recently caught the bug and are enjoying discovering the hobby together. Either way, at the end of each event we have to ask, “Who else gets to do all this stuff?”

Doug Ellis is a past captain of the Concord Minute Men, past Master of the Corinthian Lodge of Freemasons in Concord, and newly appointed to Concord’s Historical Commission.

Discover CONCORD | 17
All Photos © Maia Kennedy

Boston Tea Party engraving, 1789. Library of Congress

By The Law of Nature Free Born: The Sons of Liberty

WWith the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, Great Britain was now in control of North America: the 13 British colonies along the seaboard were safe and sound from their enemies, while all French territory east of the Mississippi, as well as Spanish Florida, now belonged to King George III. For the first time since 1701, Great Britain was at peace. But the empire was also broke.

The French and Indian War was just a part of the world-wide Seven Years War between England and France, and it had been costly; in America alone the Crown had spent £70 million, and their national debt had doubled to £140 million. Great Britain needed money.

The Crown spent seven years saving the American Colonies from the French and their Native allies; it made sense to Parliament that the Americans should be the ones to shoulder the financial burden of the war. To raise much-needed revenue, in 1764 Parliament issued the Sugar Act, a levy imposed on sugar, molasses, and other products imported into the American colonies. The following year the Stamp

Act was levied, a tax imposed on all paper documents in the colonies, including newspapers, almanacs, pamphlets, broadsides, legal documents, dice, and playing cards.

The colonies did not take these new taxes well, and nowhere were they greeted with more scorn than in Boston. From the writing of petitions to the printing of anti-tax pamphlets and signage, protests were organized by a secret group calling themselves The Loyal Nine.

About the same time, a second clandestine group calling itself The Sons of Liberty was also organizing in Boston, and by the end of 1765 the two groups would merge. They took their name from a speech given by Isaac Barre, an Irish member of Parliament sympathetic to the American colonists who warned that the British government’s treatment of the colonies “has caused the blood of these sons of liberty to recoil within them.” The group would gather under a large 120-year-old elm tree near Boston Common dubbed the Liberty Tree and,

under the cry of NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION, they incited, organized, and led mobs in the streets of Boston to openly protest what they saw as unfair taxation, as well as to verbally harass and physically attack Royal officials such as tax collectors.

One of the most notorious protests against the Stamp Act was in August 1765 when the Sons of Liberty attacked the mansion of Massachusetts Lt. Governor Thomas Hutchinson; the front door was smashed in with axes and the house was looted. Irreplaceable artwork and silver were destroyed or carried off by the Sons, while the mansion’s cupola was even knocked off

Sons of Liberty broadside, Boston 1765

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All images public domain

the house and destroyed. Some £2,200 worth of damage was caused by the mob. To further protect himself, Hutchinson removed himself and his family to Castle William in Boston Harbor. Hutchinson got off easy; a favorite tactic adopted by the Sons to publicly shame tax collectors, Royal officials, and avowed Loyalists was to tar and feather them.

It was with the passage of the Townshend Acts in 1767 and 1768 that the Sons of Liberty would really make a name for themselves. Yet another series of levies and regulations, among the items to be heavily taxed this time was tea, and the enforcement of the acts was backed up with the arrival of 1,000 British soldiers in Boston. The Sons of Liberty would not take any of this sitting down. Certainly, their best-known protest occurred on December 16, 1773, when a large mob of men and boys, organized and led by the Sons, marched from Old South Meeting House to Griffin’s Wharf, and with cries of “Boston Harbor a teapot tonight!” boarded three East India Company ships and dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor. Some 92,000 lbs. of tea were destroyed, worth $1.7 million dollars in today’s money.

John Adams claimed the destruction of the tea was a principled protest by citizens defending their constitutional rights. Sam Adams called it an “Epocha in History.” King George III, on the other hand, was livid; he immediately closed the port of Boston and said it would remain so until the destroyed shipments of tea were paid for by the city of Boston. Unknown at the time, this very public protest by the Sons of Liberty brought Massachusetts one step closer to Revolution; by 1774, the King would declare Massachusetts in “open rebellion,” and with tensions mounting between the Crown and the Bay Colony, the shooting would start 16 months later at Lexington and Concord.

The Sons of Liberty was not just a Boston organization. The colonies of New York, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Maryland, South Carolina, and Virginia all had Patriot groups calling themselves the Sons of Liberty. In the years leading up to the American Revolution all the groups were in contact with each other, and all were united to rally public support for colonial resistance against the Crown.

The Sons of Liberty played important roles on the night of April 19, 1775, as General Thomas Gage sent a large detachment of British troops to Concord to seize military

supplies. It was a Son of Liberty, Dr. Joseph Warren, who learned of Gage’s plans from an inside source. Under his direction, two other Sons, Paul Revere and William Dawes, were sent to Lexington to warn Sam Adams and John Hancock (both Sons, as well) that the Regulars were out. And it was Concord’s own Dr. Samuel Prescott, whom Paul Revere called “a high Son of Liberty,” who actually brought the alarm to Concord in the wee hours before gunfire broke out at the Old North Bridge.

In 1876, Louisa May Alcott wrote, “Remember, there were ‘Daughters of Liberty,’ as well as sons, in the old times you love so well.” And she was right; it wasn’t just the men of Boston who formed resistance to

the Crown. The Stamp Act crisis of 1766 saw the creation of the Daughters of Liberty, and over the next few years the patriot women of Boston organized protests against taxation, held spinning bees to make homespun cloth while boycotting British textiles, and created “Liberty Tea’’ from fruits and herbs as a replacement for British tea. When the Revolution broke out in 1775, the Daughters of Liberty would be involved in the war effort by melting down metals for bullets as well as gathering textiles and sewing uniforms for the American army. It’s no wonder that Sam Adams would say of the women Rebels, “With ladies on our side, we can make every Tory tremble!”

And tremble they did! While the Crown looked upon the Sons and Daughters of Liberty as terrorists, there can be no doubt that they played an important role in the years leading up to the American Revolution. Indeed, the efforts of these grassroots organizations hastened the coming of the American Revolution. From protests in the streets of Boston to a declaration of independence in Philadelphia in 1776, the Sons of Liberty and their female compatriots, tied together by their “Lives, Fortunes, and sacred Honor,” led the way to the creation of the United States through their words, deeds, and actions.

Richard Smith has lectured on and written about antebellum United States history and 19th-century American literature since 1995. He has worked in Concord as a public historian and living history interpreter for 25 years. He has written eight books for Applewood Books and is a regular contributor to Discover Concord.

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The Liberty Tree in Boston. From an 1825 illustration A 1774 British print by Philip Dawe that depicts the tarring and feathering of Boston Commissioner of Customs John Malcolm. Library of Congress

Celebrating a Historic Connection at the Wright Tavern

TThe Wright Tavern Legacy Trust invited visitors and residents alike to a fun celebration of Concord history on the lawn of the tavern this past Patriots’ Day. Did you know that the Wright Tavern is where the Massachusetts Provincial Congress met in 1774 and took the decision to rebel against the crown? This decision paved the way for the events of April 19 that are celebrated each year in Concord, Lexington, and surrounding towns. That historic moment in our nation’s history is one of many reasons why the Wright Tavern Legacy Trust is working hard to restore and protect this important part of our collective cultural heritage.

It seemed fitting to invite Sam Adams Brewery to help put the ‘fun’ in ‘fundraising’ to support the restorations, by inviting participants to ‘drink a Sam Adams where Sam Adams drank a beer.’ After all, Sam Adams himself was known to have a pint on many an occasion at the Wright Tavern in Concord! Local fishmonger Sven Fish joined in the fun – offering oyster ‘shots’ and traditional chowder.

Proceeds benefited the ongoing restoration project. But best of all, the community experienced a wonderful place to gather and share stories – fulfilling the very purpose the Wright Tavern has held since it was built in 1747.

20 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
© Pierre Chiha
This article was made possible with the support of the
For more information, and to support the project, please visit or scan the QR Code.
Wright Tavern Legacy Trust
© Pierre Chiha © Voyager Publishing © Pierre Chiha © Pierre Chiha

A Turning Point at Wright’s Tavern

AAs hostilities grew between Massachusetts and the English government in the 1770s, popular opinion was divided. Concord’s “patriot preacher,” Rev. William Emerson, spoke out for liberty and served as chaplain for Concord’s Minutemen. Meanwhile, his brother-in-law, lawyer Daniel Bliss, remained loyal to the King, and would be forced to flee for his life to Canada when war erupted in 1775.

When Massachusetts stood on the brink of war in 1774, the people’s representatives met in Concord, in Rev. Emerson’s own church, to decide what to do next. They conducted much of their planning and off-the-record debate next door in the place we now call the Wright Tavern, in honor of tavernkeeper Amos Wright.

The path to this critical choice began with people complaining about the taxes imposed on the American colonies. These were especially onerous because the colonies had no representatives in the British Parliament, so they were taxed without the people’s consent.

But many people’s livelihoods depended on imports and exports passing through the port of Boston, and trade was tightly controlled by the British government and its private-sector partner, the East India Company. Even those not directly engaged in commerce, such as judges and other government officials, often had their salaries paid out of the taxes collected on imported tea. Resistance to British rule was not an obvious or easy choice, and many families

had members on opposite sides of the argument.

Until 1774, Massachusetts expressed its resentment in acts of nonviolent protest. Even the Boston Tea Party in December 1773 was carried out with great care to avoid bodily harm, but it caused considerable property damage. One report placed the amount of tea lost at more than forty tons, worth almost £10,000 at the time.

The Prime Minister, Lord North, was outraged. His response was swift and severe: “Boston had been the ringleader in all riots . . . therefore Boston ought to be the principal

object of our attention for punishment.” Parliament passed what Americans called the Intolerable Acts, which closed the port of Boston, revoked the 1691 charter of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, and put Massachusetts under military rule. The elected government was replaced with a mandamus council under the control of Gen. Thomas Gage, and thousands of soldiers were deployed to enforce his orders.

Many people lost their income when the port of Boston closed. All saw their way of life endangered when they lost the right to selfgovernment through elected representatives and Town Meetings. Were they ready to move beyond mere protest and meet these threats with force? Rev. William Emerson thought so; his loyalist brother-in-law did not.

In September 1774, Gen. Gage had ordered the elected assembly to meet in Salem,

22 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
LEFT: Rev. William Emerson welcomed the Provincial Congress to convene at the First Parish Meetinghouse. Courtesy of Concord Free Public Library The Provincial Congress met in 1774 at the First Parish Meetinghouse (left) and held planning sessions in the Wright Tavern (right). Detail from A View of the Town of Concord, April 19, 1775, by Timothy Martin Minot, about 1825. Concord Museum Collection, Bequest of Mrs. Stedman Buttrick, Sr.; Pi414

but a few weeks later, sensing the growing opposition, he canceled the meeting. Ninety representatives showed up anyway. Since Gage and his councilors were absent, they regarded Gage’s authority as void and declared themselves the effective (if not strictly legal) government of Massachusetts, naming themselves the Provincial Congress and electing John Hancock as its president.

On October 7, the Provincial Congress met in Concord. The town offered plenty of accommodations because travelers often came here to do business at the courthouse. The most conveniently located of these was the tavern operated by Amos Wright on the Bay Road (now Lexington Road), just a few steps from the First Parish meetinghouse. The meetinghouse was the biggest building in town, and the minister, William Emerson, was a staunch patriot. He welcomed the Provincial Congress to meet there and invoked God’s blessing on their proceedings.

Concord had the advantage of being inland. The British occupation force was concentrated in and around Boston, and their ubiquitous presence had a chilling effect on political

dissent. Farther west, patriotic sentiment flourished. Concord was not without its loyalists—Rev. Emerson’s brother-in-law Daniel Bliss was a prominent example—but the town was generally hospitable to the Provincial Congress, especially the tavernkeepers who did a brisk trade providing food and lodging for the delegates.

The Provincial Congress did not initially set out to form an independent nation. Some delegates held more radical views than others, but their immediate concern was to restore the rights of self-government that had been in place since 1691 and been revoked by the Massachusetts Government Act only a few months before. But in September, Gen. Gage had sent more than 250 soldiers to Winter Hill (in present-day Somerville) to seize the militia’s supply of gunpowder and hold it at Castle William in Boston Harbor. It appeared that an arms race had begun between the British Army and the provincial militias, and that was a race Massachusetts could not afford to lose.

In Wright’s tavern, the debate was no longer about a burdensome tax; it was now

about how to meet the very real threat of military aggression. And here in Concord, the Provincial Congress chose to meet the threat head-on. They directed towns to establish Minute Companies—the elite fighting units of the local militias—and to stockpile weapons, ammunition, and “all kinds of warlike stores, sufficient for an army of fifteen thousand.”

Could they have imagined how radical that action was? The measures they deemed expedient for self-defense would result in an eight-year war, the birth of an independent nation, and a model of democracy that has taken root all over the world.

This article made possible with the support of the Wright Tavern Legacy Trust.

Victor Curran writes and leads tours of historic Concord and is an interpreter at the Concord Museum and the Old Manse. He teaches courses and writes articles about the men and women who made Concord the home of American independence and imagination.

Discover CONCORD | 23
John Hancock presided at the Massachusetts Provincial Congress in 1774. Portrait by John Singleton Copley, 1765
Public domain
Public domain Gen. Thomas Gage’s effort to suppress opposition in the Massachusetts assembly provoked the formation of the Provincial Congress. Portrait by John Singleton Copley, ca. 1768

Exploring Concord in a Morning, a Day, or a Weekend

Welcome to Concord! Wondering how to make the most of your time here? Whether you are in town for a morning, a day, or a weekend, this itinerary will help you get started!

If You Have a Half Day

WSpending a half-day in Concord is just enough time to learn about the two revolutions that occurred in our town. The first revolution to know is the American Revolution. Park downtown in one of the free parking lots and saunter up Monument Street to Minute Man National Historical Park. The flat, 1.2 mile walk on paved and crushed stone sidewalks should take about 20 minutes. As you make your way up Monument Street, visualize farmland as all the houses between the Colonial Inn and the Elisha Jones House had not yet been built. Additionally, imagine a lot fewer trees.

Concord was founded in 1635, just five years after Boston. It was the first inland settlement of the colony of Massachusetts, where one could not smell the ocean. So, what did the first Concordians use to build their homes? Trees. How did they heat their

homes? Trees. And, since the colony of Massachusetts had a coast, many trees were used to build ships. By 1775, the town was 80% deforested. Therefore, the shady trees that protect you from the summer sun on your saunter along Monument Street would not have been here almost 250 years ago.

About seven-tenths of a mile up the road, you will see the yellow Elisha Jones house. On April 19, the ell of this home had 17,000 pounds of salted cod in its basement. The Regular Army came to Concord to that day to seize munitions and supplies, including food. Today, the National Park Service owns this silent witness house. A little further up the sidewalk on your left will be The Old Manse, a property owned and operated by The Trustees of Reservations that was also a silent witness to the revolution on April 19, 1775.

While not part of Minute Man National Historical Park, the Old Manse played a prominent role in the revolution. The patriot preacher, William Emerson, and his family lived there. His wife and children watched the battle from an upstairs window. Just past the Old Manse is the entrance to the National Park.

Follow the dirt path down to see the monument erected in 1836 to pay homage to the men that fought on April 19, 1775. Next, see the the Old North Bridge, which has been rebuilt five times. Across the bridge, you can see the Minute Man Statue, by sculptor Daniel Chester French. Continue to follow the dirt road up to the air-conditioned North Bridge Visitor Center, where you can watch a short movie, view artifacts, and speak to Park Rangers.

When you have had your fill of the American Revolution, return downtown via Monument Street. Once you are near the Colonial Inn, cross Monument Street to Court Lane to visit Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. There you will learn about the second revolution that occurred in Concord, the Literary Revolution.

Ralph Waldo Emerson is the grandson of our patriot preacher, William Emerson. Before Ralph Waldo Emerson, Concord was where the “shot heard ‘round the world” happened. After his arrival in town and his success as a philosopher, author, and lyceum speaker, he became the voice heard ‘round the world. Because of him, notable

24 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
in 1836 ©
Monument erected

figures of the day chose to visit Concord. To walk to his grave, you will start at the beginning of the nearly 100-acre cemetery.

Sleepy Hollow is still an active public cemetery, so be on the lookout for cars and funerals. You will enter the cemetery near the Assessor’s Office on Court Street. Once there, how do you know what to look at and where to go? Don’t worry. The Town of Concord has created an interactive guided tour, and the QR code is on maps on display in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. You can peruse who is buried there and decide which graves you wish to visit as you make your way to the literary luminaries buried on Authors Ridge: Henry David Thoreau, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Louisa May Alcott, and Ralph Waldo Emerson. When your pilgrimage is complete, take the same route out of the cemetery. Then you are free to find a bite to eat downtown, shop for souvenirs or books, or make a mental note on your way out of town to book a hotel room to spend more time here.

If You Have a Full Day

If you can spend a full day discovering Concord, visiting the Concord Museum perfectly complements the half-day of learning about Concord’s two revolutions

If you have more time

outlined above. The recently renovated museum has 18 galleries, including the April 19, 1775 gallery, the museum’s star exhibit. On display in the center of the room is one of the two lanterns used as a signal to Paul Revere in the Old North Church on the night of April 18, 1775. While the sounds of the battle echo, a 12 by 7-foot map and media piece provides a birds-eye view of the events on April 19, 1775. Visitors can watch as 24 hours of history unfolds in six minutes! Trust me; you will want to watch it. While you’re there, learn more about Concord’s literary revolution and see artifacts that belonged to Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau.

If You Have a Weekend

Naturally, spending a weekend in Concord allows you to discover almost everything! After immersing yourself in the American and Literary Revolutions, you can spend a day taking guided tours of literary houses. Virginia Road is where Thoreau Farm, the house where Henry David Thoreau was born, still stands today. Louisa May Alcott’s Orchard House is located on Lexington Road and allows fans of the author to visit one of the homes she and her family

lived in in Concord. Bush, Ralph Waldo Emerson’s home, is just a half-mile down Lexington Road. Finally, the Old Manse is on Monument Street next to Minute Man National Historical Park. Here, you can learn about the American Revolution, the Literary Revolution, and the fascinating authors who spent time visiting or living at the Old Manse.

Finally, for some, a trip to Concord would not be complete without a visit to Walden Pond. If you want to be part of the transcendentalist walking club, you can take the Emerson-Thoreau Amble from Lexington Road to Walden Pond. It is about a two-mile hike. Just remember, you will have to walk the same distance back.

Hopefully, this sample of self-guided excursions in town whets your appetite to discover Concord. The historic sites in town cater to multiple interests and usually can please just about everyone in a family. Choose to explore Concord the next time you travel and suffer from wanderlust no more!

Beth van Duzer is a public historian, owner of Concord Walking Tours, and the clerk for the Concord250 History & Education Subcommittee.

Visit Lexington and Arlington. Click on the QR code for our special three-page article on what to do in Lexington, MA, featuring ten historic and cultural sites you won’t want to miss. In Arlington, visit the Jason Russell House, the site of one of the bloodiest battles of April 19, 1775. The house has been restored and provides a fascinating glimpse into life in the 19th-century.

Discover CONCORD | 25
Ralph Waldo Emerson’s grave The April 19, 1775 gallery at Concord Museum
from the Summer 2022 issue. Updated June 2024.
Courtesy of Concord Museum
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By Any Other Name: The Pseudonyms of Louisa May Alcott

MMax Chapnick, of Northeastern University, has been in the news lately for possibly uncovering another of Louisa May Alcott’s pseudonyms. I was delighted to meet Max, not only to discuss his current work, but also to talk about the long, winding trail he followed to determine if Jo March’s thriller writing was something Alcott actually did. That trail begins in 1942 with Madeleine Stern and Leona Rostenberg, two of the most extraordinary women I’ve ever met.

Madeleine Stern, Leona Rostenberg, and A. M. Barnard

Madeleine’s biography of Louisa May Alcott is still the gold standard for many of us at Orchard House because her straightforward style never relies on sensationalism, and we’ve yet to find a single factual error in her superbly researched 1950’s book, Louisa May Alcott, A Biography. After long admiring Miss Stern as a consummate Alcott authority, I was privileged to meet Madeleine and her partner, Leona Rostenberg, when they were honored with The University of Connecticut’s life-time achievement award recognizing their significant contributions to the fields of bibliographic scholarship and rare book collecting.

On that occasion, I was asked to perform as Louisa May Alcott following the award presentation dinner where I was seated with them. Following my performance, as Madeleine and Leona were leaving, Madeleine said to me, “You are Louisa May Alcott! Louisa would have loved this!” Inviting me to call any time, she jotted down her phone number. Quite blown away, I walked on air to my changing room.

Leona Rostenberg, Jan Turnquist (as Louisa May Alcott), and Madeleine Stern

The next day I called. “Miss Stern, this is Jan Turnquist,” I began. Before I could say more, Madeleine quipped, “You mean Louisa May Alcott!” Thanking

her, I asked if I could quote her comment: “You are Louisa May Alcott.” She answered, “I just said it again, now when can you come to lunch?” Thus began a remarkable friendship. I made many trips to the stately upper East Side apartment the two shared. On my last visit, I was asked to stay with Madeleine in her final illness and was with her when she passed away.

Over the years I was privileged to hear so many wonderful stories. One of my favorites is best described in Madeleine’s own words: “A visit to an Alcott Collector in early 1942 propelled us on the rosy path to discovery. Carroll Atwood Wilson was distinguished in every way, in the law that was his profession and in book collecting that was his hobby (he) embraced thirteen authors, ranging from Emerson to Hawthorne, from Trollope to Hardy. Among his ‘representative men’ was one representative woman — Louisa May Alcott. Greeting us cordially, he enthusiastically showed us his signed volumes manuscripts and letters one

28 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
© Jennie Watters Jan Turnquist and Max Chapnick on the steps of Orchard House
© Maria Powers

written by Aaron K. Loring around 1864 to Louisa outlining his standards for popular literature. All three of us mused aloud about that arresting letter, and our musings prompted our host to say ‘All of us know that Jo March wrote sensational stories and published them in secret. The three of us suspect that Louisa Alcott did the same thing over some pseudonym. . . Miss Rostenberg Why don’t you go ahead and discover Louisa’s pseudonym and the thrillers she wrote?’”

Madeleine continues, “Leona vividly recalls the drama that followed at Harvard’s Houghton Library: ‘I espied a small clutch of letters that seemed to belong together. As I picked up one of them, I immediately felt hot and cold and strangely faint. The letter was dated January 21, 1865. It was addressed to ‘Dear Miss Alcott’ and it said: ‘You may send me anything that you do not wish to ‘father,’ or that you wish A. M.

Barnard, or ‘any other man” to be responsible for, & if they suit me I will purchase them Let me hear from you. Very Truly Yours J. R. Elliot’ Now I knew the pseudonym (and) the name of one of Miss Alcott’s clandestine stories, V.V. (and) the name of the periodical that had carried it, The Flag of Our Union three other letters mentioned

The Olive Branch was one othe papers that published Louisa’s thrillers.

another title, The Marble Woman, and it referred in glowing terms to yet another product of A. M. Barnard’s racy pen’ ‘Behind a Mask.’

Leona had found the smoking gun! She told me “I let out a war whoop in the sacred precincts of Houghton Library.”

Max Chapnick and E. H. Gould

Because of Leona’s discovery, Max knew that Louisa wrote thrillers under pseudonyms, and from reading Madeleine’s introduction to a volume of Alcott thrillers, he knew that Louisa had written a story called The Phantom that had never been found. Alone in his apartment one evening while using the American Antiquarian Society ’s digital database, he found a story called The Phantom written by E. H. Gould. At first Max didn’t think much of it, but hours later, haunted by that title, a thought struck him out of the blue: Could E. H. Gould be an Alcott pseudonym? Could this story be Louisa’s Phantom?

This question tantalized Max for a year and a half as he searched for corroboration. He spent countless hours at Harvard’s Houghton Library, where Leona had found her “smoking gun” evidence — alas, to no avail!

When talking about this quest with his good friend, Solan Kelleher, a reporting fellow at WBUR, Max wondered if the station might be interested in this story. Perhaps an Alcott expert or aficionado would be intrigued and help in his search for corroboration. Solan’s editors liked the idea and sent him to interview me and others. In the interview, I said that I felt open to the idea that E. H. Gould could be an Alcott pseudonym since the Gould story had elements that resonate with Alcott.

Although Max had published a scholarly article on The Phantom in J19: The Journal of Nineteenth Century Americanists, the WBUR broadcast was the first widely-heard mention of the E.H. Gould connection. In today’s world, it doesn’t take long for word to travel and for excited folks to weigh in,

sometimes overstating the case. Max would, indeed, love to confirm that Gould is one of Louisa’s noms de plume, but he is still investigating and is very open to Alcott experts and other serious researchers weighing in. Max, who just received his doctorate, said recently “You don’t need a PhD to do this work.” He has also begun using other tools, such as a sophisticated computerized analysis system which uses algorithms to compare writing styles of known Alcott thrillers to the Gould piece.

Concerning the possibility of the Gould name being an Alcott pseudonym, I have expressed cautious optimism. Like Max I would love to know definitively that Gould is one of Louisa’s noms de plume. But also like Max, I really want the truth. Like Madeleine and Leona, Max has a sense of integrity and persistence which I admire. Perhaps you, Dear Reader, will help in this enterprise. Stay tuned!

Jan Turnquist is executive director of Louisa May Alcott’s Orchard House, an internationally acclaimed portrayer of Louisa May Alcott, historical consultant, and Emmy winner for her Orchard House documentary which airs and streams on PBS.

Source: “A. M. Barnard”: Chapter 8, pp. 116-131, of Old Books, Rare Friends: Two Literary Sleuths and Their Shared Passion (New York: Doubleday, 1997)

Discover CONCORD | 29
© Jennie Watters Public domain
Max Chapnick at Louisa May Alcott’s desk

Visit and become a Citizen Archivist!

April 2025 marks the 250th anniversary of the start of the American Revolution, and you can be a part of this historic moment. Historians, archivists, scholars, and others rely on the availability and accuracy of historical documents. Transcribing those documents is a vital step in ensuring that information is readily available. This is your chance to help by transcribing those records. You may even be the first person in 200 years to learn the stories of the men and women who helped found our nation! The National Park Service (NPS) and the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) are launching an extraordinary project to transcribe the pension records of more than 80,000 of America’s first veterans and their widows. The project will make a permanent contribution to the historical record for the 250th anniversary of the American Revolution.

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Dining Al Fresco in Concord

SSummer is here! Warmer days and beautiful flowers call us outside to enjoy the fresh air. And Concord’s restaurants are responding with inviting terraces, refreshing cocktails, and delicious foods to entice us to gather around the table al fresco style! With so many restaurants to choose from, we’ve put together highlights of some of our favorite places to watch the world go by while enjoying a delicious meal. Bon appétit!

ADELITA - Enjoy authentic Mexican cuisine at this fun and fabulous taco and margarita bar. Patio seating is first come, first served and is open seven nights a week.

CONCORD’S COLONIAL INN - Lunch, dinner, or cocktails on the porch at the

Colonial Inn is a wonderful way to welcome summer! Sip on rosé wine, an ice-cold beer, or enjoy a tasty cocktail as you watch the world stroll by.

WOODS HILL TABLE - A rotating menu embraces the freshest harvest available, and is thoughtfully prepared to reflect the changing seasons. Pair your meal with a creative cocktail or a glass of wine for an exceptional evening out. Check the website for hours.

THE CHEESE SHOP OF CONCORD – Fill out that picnic basket with charcuterie, stuffed

grape leaves, cornichons, dried fruits and nuts, imported chocolates, and more. Freshly made sandwiches put a gourmet spin on a picnic favorite. And delicious wines and beers will make your picnic picture perfect.

DEBRA’S NATURAL GOURMET – The amazing kitchen at Debra’s uses the freshest ingredients to bring you delicious foods to go, including soups, salads, entrees, sandwiches, wraps, organic smoothies, raw juices, luscious desserts, and more. Hours and menus at

CONCORD TEACAKES – If you have a sweet tooth, this is the place to go! Cakes, cupcakes, cookies, brownies, bars, and bundts will make your mouth water! You’ll also find breakfast treats, coffee and tea drinks, and sandwiches to go. Hours and menus at

VERRILL FARM – A well-stocked cooler section features delicious salads and heat-athome options. Made to order sandwiches go perfectly with the bakery delights at the next counter over. Grab a chilled beverage and you are ready to enjoy an outside meal – they even have picnic benches overlooking this beautiful farmland.

For a comprehensive list of restaurants in Concord, please see our “Where to Shop, Where to Eat” guide on page 41.

32 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
Lobster Roll at The Colonial Inn
Photo courtesy of Concord’s Colonial Inn
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in the sunshine, swim the sea
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Thoughtful Places in Concord

OOne of the most important decisions we can make is where to spend our time – either on a visit, or when thinking about where to put down roots and build a family and community. One of the aspects of Concord that attracts so many people from around the world to come here – to spend time, or to stay – is the unique essence of ‘place.’ Surrounded by history, entrenched in natural beauty, and infused with culture, art, and constant opportunities to learn, Concord is a truly special place. Here are a few of our favorite places – we hope you will enjoy them as you continue to Discover Concord:


Concord is home to a thriving art scene. In Concord Center, you will find multiple art galleries featuring classics to contemporary works.

The Umbrella Arts Center hosts more than 50 working studio artists, art classrooms, ceramic facilities, a dance studio, a stunning gallery space, a professional theatre company and two stages to accommodate their outstanding performances, as well as an outdoor sculpture garden with rotating exhibits. Neighboring 51 Walden is a historic venue for music, theatre, opera, and dance. In West Concord, you will find the Concord Conservatory of Music, the Concord Youth Theatre, Art for All, and ArtScape with its multiple artist studios. Live music and concerts are featured throughout the year in a wide range of venues.


Here, you can experience the stories of the Indigenous peoples who lived here long before the first European settlers, learn about the people who shaped Concord during the colonial period, follow the debate around the issue of rebelling against England and the courage of those who rose up to fight in the American Revolution. Feel the passionate beliefs of the abolitionists, read the moving words of the transcendental writers, and immerse yourself in the world of the modern-day thought leaders, artists, and philosophers who continue to push Concord forward. Learn more at


It is in this place that the Father of American Transcendentalism led a renaissance in American ideas in the 19th century. Here, he gathered friends such as Amos Bronson Alcott, Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, and others to explore the proper role of the individual in society, and to discover and celebrate the interrelation and sacredness of all

Thoughtful Places – Where the Landscape Becomes a Canvas for Imagination
Walden Pond
Courtesy of Concord Museum
Alice Rosa, October Sunshine

life. His books, furniture, and objects from around the world are still on display here – inspiring a new generation of thinkers and philosophers. Discover more at


One cannot help but be inspired, standing on the North Bridge and contemplating the very first battles of the American Revolution. Preserved as part of the Minute Man

National Historical Park, this hallowed ground witnessed “the shot heard ‘round the world” and the first steps in the formation of a new country. Each year on Patriots’ Day, tactical demonstrations and a patriot vigil honor the courage and sacrifice of those who stepped forward nearly 250 years ago.


It’s amazing how much history is wrapped up in this handsome Georgian clapboard house on the banks of the Concord River. Built for Concord’s ‘patriot minister’ William Emerson, the home overlooks the North Bridge, where the famous battle on April 19, 1775, took place. Ralph Waldo Emerson and, later, Nathanial Hawthorne called this place home. Emerson penned his famous essay “Nature” here. And when Hawthorne brought his new bride, Sofia, to Concord, Henry David Thoreau planted an heirloom vegetable garden on the property to honor their wedding. You can palpably feel the history here as you walk the grounds or tour the house. the-old-manse


This early 19th century house was formerly inhabited by the firstgeneration descendants of formerly enslaved African American Revolutionary War

veteran Caesar Robbins, and by fugitive slave Jack Garrison. Caesar’s granddaughter, Ellen Garrison, was a passionate advocate for educating recently emancipated African Americans. She tested the nation’s first Civil Rights Act in 1866, just after its passage. The stories told here reveal many of the ways in which the first generations of free Concord African Americans pursued independence and contributed to the antislavery movement and the abolitionist cause.

A fascinating self-guided tour of African American and antislavery history in Concord is available if you scan the QR Code


“The Concord Summer School of Philosophy” was founded in 1879 by Amos Bronson Alcott, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Franklin Sanborn, and William Torrey Harris. One of the first adult summer schools in the United States, it was largely built upon the ideal of Plato’s Academy. Robust discussions around the emerging philosophy of Transcendentalism were led here by the likes of Julia Ward Howe, William James, and Elizabeth Peabody among others. Hundreds of men and women would travel from across the U.S. and Europe each summer to attend lectures and open discussions of important intellectual, social, and cultural issues of the day. You can visit the school as part of a tour of Louisa May Alcott’s Orchard House – the beautifully preserved home where Louisa May Alcott lived when she penned the beloved novel Little Women.

This final resting place of Concordians since 1855 is a beautiful place for contemplation. Designed as a natural “garden of the living” as much as a place to honor the dead, its graceful trails wind amongst tall trees. Authors’ Ridge contains the graves of Concord’s most famous writers and thinkers, including Louisa May Alcott, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, and Nathaniel Hawthorne. Daniel Chester

Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
Public domain. © © ElizaJay © © LucasPacheco © Dave Witherbee ©
Ralph Waldo Emerson House
Courtesy of Louisa May Alcott’s Orchard House


The stunning beauty in and around Concord is a fundamental part of the attraction for so many who come here. Well maintained trails invite one to ‘Open all your pores and bathe in all the tides of Nature’ as Thoreau wrote about in his journal in 1853. The Japanese also have a similar expression, Shinrin Yoku, referring to the peaceful feeling that comes from spending time in nature and away from the hustle and bustle of everyday life. The transcendentalists believed that nature was the path to the divine –and Concord provides many opportunities to seek that spiritual peace.

Nature can be explored by water as well! The Sudbury, Assabet, and Concord rivers are named as Wild and Scenic Rivers by federal law because they are such a treasure. You can rent a canoe or kayak at the South Bridge Boat House and discover these beautiful waterways in tranquility. Scan the QR code to find trail guides and river maps.

French’s “Mourning Victory,” commissioned by James C. Melvin, honors the sacrifice of his three brothers lost in the Civil War (a replica can be found at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City). The sculptor himself is also buried here. Walking along, you’ll even find the graves of Ephraim Bull (he developed the Concord Grape), Frank Sanborn (member of the “Secret Six” who funded John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry), Katharine K. Davis (composer of “The Little Drummer Boy”), and many others. Find an interactive tour here


One of the most iconic nature walks in the Concord area, Walden Pond provides an enchanting combination of ecology, literature, and history. Walden ‘pond’ is actually a 102-footdeep kettle hole formed by a melting glacier more than 12,000 years ago. It is Massachusetts’ deepest natural body of fresh water. There are

several walking trails around Walden Pond, including side trails that will bring you to the site of the cabin where Henry David Thoreau famously spent two years, two months, and two days living simply in nature and discovering what it could teach him. In addition to several trail options, visitors can enjoy a refreshing swim or a (nonmotorized) boating adventure. The Walden Pond State Reservation is an extremely popular destination in the warm summer months. To protect this precious natural resource, the park closes to the public once it reaches a set capacity – so please check the website for updates before heading out for your next adventure here. Mass.Gov/locations/ walden-pond-state-reservation


Located in the heart of Concord Center, this humble tavern built in 1747 has witnessed some of the most important moments in the history of the United States of America. In October of 1774, the founding fathers took the decision to rebel against the crown right here in the building, during the Massachusetts Provincial Congress. On the fateful day of April 19, 1775, area minutemen gathered here to plan their response to the impending arrival of the crown’s soldiers. Later that same day, Colonel Smith and Major Pitcairn took over the Wright Tavern and made it their de facto headquarters as their “regulars” searched the town for munitions. Designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1961, a concerted effort is now underway to restore the Wright Tavern to its original purpose as a gathering place for the sharing of stories over a pint.

For more opportunities to Discover Concord, scan here:

Thoughtful Places – Where the Landscape Becomes a Canvas for Imagination
© LucasPacheco
© Dave © Beth van Duzer
© Courtesy of Louisa May Alcott’s Orchard House
© Voyager Publishing

Contact our Concord team today.

Concord, MA 01742 | Abby Gurall White 617-851-0195 | J Stanley Edwards 617-948-8057 | Wade Staniar 508-479-9508 | Sarah MacEachern 781-795-2975 |

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160 Partridge Lane | Concord, MA | .46 Acres | $3.5M J. Stanley Edwards | 617-948-8057 | The Grace Estate | Islesboro, ME | 8.8 Acres | $8.5M Joseph Sortwell | 207-706-6294 | Sweet Oaks Farm | Sudbury, MA | 15.62 Acres | $5.495M J. Stanley Edwards | 617-948-8057 | VIEW LISTINGS “The power of finding beauty in the humblest things makes home happy and life lovely.” –LOUISA MAY ALCOTT
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Discover CONCORD | 33 colorful • brillian� • auten�ic �ade for everyday deligh� FAIRBANK & PERRY GOLDSMITHS custom and original fine jewelry 32 main street, concord center • ygge,noswaD,CCAATVP 2465-064-879 moc.levartnoswadyggep.www|p moc.srennalpesiurc@ygge noswadkyggepp noswadkygge #TSL,86093#TSC,05-8644302#TSH,8507-RAT#TSAW405-993-306F Concord Bookshop 65 Main St. | 978.369.2405 | 65 Main St. | 978.369.2405 |

IA Midnight Stop on the Underground Railroad:

Minkin’s Flight to Freedom Led Through Concord

It had rained that day in Boston, and now, even though the moon was full, there was little light in the sky as three men left Cambridge and headed for Concord. No, it wasn’t the midnight ride of Paul Revere, but another of unusual significance. For riding in a dark wagon was a fugitive from justice and two rescuers, unwilling to let another human being be returned to slavery. It was Saturday, Feb. 15, 1851.

The morning had started out as any other. Shadrach Minkins, a waiter at the Cornhill Coffee Shop in Boston, had put on his apron and started work. What he didn’t know was that he would soon become a test case for the Fugitive Slave Act, a law enacted by Congress to keep Southern states from bolting.

Born into slavery in the port city of Norfolk, Virginia, Minkins had worked for various masters, having been sold three times. In the spring of 1850, around 30 years of age, he disappeared, escaping most likely as a stowaway on a merchant ship headed north. Arriving in Boston, he joined a community of some 2,500 free blacks and formerly enslaved people. Considered a haven for those seeking their own emancipation, Boston would soon become the focus of federal agents and bounty hunters.

Mandating the return of all formerly enslaved people to their owners, the Fugitive Slave Act imposed stiff penalties of imprisonment and fines on anyone sheltering

fugitive slaves. Further, state governments, local law officers, and even citizens were called on to aid in its enforcement.

If Minkins could be arrested in Boston, the hub of the abolitionist movement in the North, and returned to his owner, Southern states would see that Washington was protecting their interests, muting talk of secession. According to Gary Collison, who chronicles the fugitive’s story in Shadrach Minkins: From Fugitive Slave to Citizen, President Millard Fillmore and Secretary of State Daniel Webster had, themselves, approved Minkins’ capture.

Enacted in September of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act divided families, towns, political parties, and churches. As most governors, legislators, and clergy fell in line with the law, New England abolitionists voiced their opposition. In Boston, the Vigilance Committee, made up of Black and white abolitionists, warned of arrests and planned countermeasures.

Now, as Minkins waited tables in the restaurant, a federal marshal and eight officers took up positions outside the restaurant. After a considerable delay, waiting for the man who would identify their suspect, the marshal and one of his men entered the restaurant and ordered coffee. They were served by a “stout, coppercolored man,” no other than the fugitive they sought, writes Collison.

When Minkins took the marshal’s payment to get change, two officers grabbed him under the arms, rushed out a back door, and dragged him into the courthouse a block away. They had been seen, however, and word quickly spread. Within minutes a crowd of abolitionists and onlookers filled Court Square. One of them was a formerly enslaved person from Kentucky, Lewis Hayden, now a clothing merchant and owner of a boarding house on Beacon Hill.

For several years, Hayden had been enslaved by Henry Clay, the senator and future architect of the Fugitive Slave Act. After seeing his siblings, then his wife and child sold, Hayden had fled with his second wife and her son to Philadelphia, then on to Canada. In 1846, Hayden brought his family to Boston. Lewis and Harriet Hayden became leaders in the abolitionist community, and their home on Southac Street, a station on the Underground Railroad.

As Shadrach Minkins awaited arraignment, abolitionists packed into the stairway and hallway outside the upstairs courtroom. After the judge arrived, federal officers presented evidence that the suspect was, in fact, a fugitive from Virginia and the property of a Norfolk businessman.

Meanwhile, the crowd inside and out became more agitated. Defense attorneys, including Richard Henry Dana, Jr., presented petitions for Minkins’ release. When they

34 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
Courtesy of Concord Free Public Library Alfred Winslow Hosmer. Photograph from glass plate negative of home of Francis Edwin and Ann Bigelow (now 19 Sudbury Road), Concord. Shadrach

were denied, Black activists led by Hayden forced their way into the courtroom, surrounded Minkins, and carried him “by the collar and feet” out to the street. Then, mixing in with the crowd, Hayden and Minkins scurried off towards Charles Street.

Turning quickly into a side street, Hayden took Minkins to the widow Elizabeth Riley, who hid him in her attic. Returning after dark, Hayden then took Minkins across the bridge to Cambridge and the home of the Rev. A. J. Lovejoy. He knew, however, that the fugitive could not stay there for long.

Later that night, Hayden returned to the minister’s home. This time he came in a wagon drawn by two horses, one black and one white. The wagon was driven by John J. Smith, a barber and fellow abolitionist. Picking up Minkins, they headed west.

My guess is Hayden and Smith, dressed in oil-cloth and sou’esters, sat up front while Minkins lay covered by a tarpaulin in the bed of the wagon. They may have traveled on the Concord Turnpike, which was the most direct route, but which had several steep hills. Or they may have taken the old route through Lexington along Battle Road to Concord. Perhaps the rain had stopped by then and the moon was penetrating the cloud cover with faint light. Given the muddy roads, it must have been slow going.

About 3 a.m., Smith turned the horses onto Main Street in Concord. Proceeding through the sleeping town, they then angled left onto Sudbury Road and entered the yard of the blacksmith, Francis Bigelow. Hearing the wagon, Francis got out of bed and went to the door. Francis’ wife, Ann, who was unwell, may have looked out the upstairs window, for it was she who noted the color of the horses. Years later, Ann would tell the story to Edward Waldo Emerson, Harriet Robinson, and others, accounts found in the Concord Free Public Library.

“Mr. Bigelow, hearing the carriage, opened his door, and let in the poor fugitive [and his escorts], though the penalty was a thousand dollars, and six months’ imprisonment, for ‘aiding and abetting’ a slave to escape. The blinds of the house were at once shut, and the windows darkened, to evade the notice of any passers-by.”

As Ann told it, the Bigelows then warmed the fugitive and brought him into their own bedroom, where Ann served breakfast, using the bureau for a table. Minkins, worn by anxiety and lack of sleep, could barely

keep his eyes open. Meanwhile, the Brooks, sympathetic neighbors, arrived.

After Minkins had eaten and rested, Francis found him warm clothes, but had no hat his size. But Nathan Brooks did. He promptly left and returned with “a hat of his own with which to disguise himself—the hat of a law-abiding citizen!”

Before dawn, Francis Bigelow led Minkins to his own wagon outside, and the blacksmith and fugitive drove west again, this time to a safe house in Leominster. From Leominster,

Minkins was transported to Fitchburg, where he boarded a train to Montreal.

For Minkins, the flight to Canada was a continuation of a life in exile. Separated from his family in Virginia, he joined a small community of former slaves in Montreal. He got a job as a waiter, saved his money, and opened his own restaurant. Later, he set up a barbershop.

Over time, he married and had four children. He never returned to the United States. He was the first runaway slave arrested in Boston under the Fugitive Slave Act, but not the last.

Meanwhile, Minkins’ rescuers returned to Boston. As Ann Bigelow recalled: “Mr. Hayden and Mr. Smith drove leisurely to Sudbury, stopped with friends there, went to church, and, after a good dinner, returned unmolested to Boston.”

Hayden did not, however, escape prosecution. One of several abolitionists charged with aiding and abetting Minkins’ escape, Hayden was acquitted after a jury— which included none other than Francis Bigelow himself—would not convict.

For years after, Lewis and Harriet Hayden continued their militant opposition to the Fugitive Slave Act, hiding and transporting fugitives and raising money. Lewis joined the black Masonic lodge created by Prince Hall, and later served in the state legislature. He also led a successful effort to integrate Boston schools and campaigned for women’s rights.

During the Civil War, Hayden helped to convince his friend, Governor John Andrew, to form a Black regiment and actively recruited soldiers for the Massachusetts 54th.

Today, you can visit the Hayden home, a site on the Black Heritage Trail on Beacon Hill. And in Concord, you can still find the house on the Underground Railroad, where the Bigelows opened their doors to Shadrach Minkins and his escorts 173 years ago.

A writer and former English professor, Ben Jacques delves into our collective past to retell stories of men and women of courage and resilience. He is the author of In Graves Ummarked, Slavery and Abolition in Stoneham, Mass. and If the Shoe Fits: Stories of Stoneham Then and Now. His articles appeared recently in The Boston Globe and Worcester Magazine. He lives with his wife in Stoneham.

Discover CONCORD | 35
Courtesy of the State Library of Masachusetts Lewis Hayden, Massachusetts state legislator in 1873. Courtesy of Concord Free Public Library Photograph of Ann Bigelow in later years
36 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024 Custom-made, overstuffed sandwiches available daily, along with a wide array of out-of-the-ordinary chips, cookies, candy, cold beverages, beer and wine. Order by phone or come see us at the deli counter. 29 Walden Street | Concord Center, MA | 978-369-5778 | Al fresco lunch, or party platters that please - we’ve got you covered! GET OUTSIDE! PICNIC TIME IS FINALLY HERE! CUSTOM MADE VINTAGE SIGNS WWW.DINARDOVINTAGE.COM 978 852-4266
Discover CONCORD | 37 Visit us Tuesday – Sunday | 10 am – 4 pm 53 Cambridge Turnpike, Concord MA See the real thing. Visit the Concord Museum to see the objects that witnessed history – from the lantern that was used as a signal on Paul Revere’s midnight ride, to Henry David Thoreau’s desk from Walden, to objects owned by African American antislavery activists. Antiques & Estate Jewelry Bought and Sold Estate Sales and House Clean Out Consultations Informal Appraisals Call to Schedule an Appointment at 978.407.3237 or or Visit our Space Inside Thoreauly Antiques 25 Walden Street in Historic Concord Center bobbibensonantiques

Right as Rail: Take a trip through West Concord on the Bruce Freeman Rail Trail

LLaura Davis laughs as she ticks off all the ways she’s built her family’s life around the Bruce Freeman Rail Trail in Concord.

“I basically moved everything in my life to West Concord so I could get to it on a bike,” said the 35-year-old Concord resident. “So, my dentist, my doctor, the barber, we do most of our shopping at Debra’s or Trader Joe’s. We use the bike path to go to Staples. I am coming here with my husband on the bike tonight for a date night at Wood’s Hill Table” restaurant.

Davis, who lives near Verrill Farm and rides a “cargo bike,” which has a large carrying bin installed over the front wheel, is one of thousands of people who have relished the construction of the Bruce Freeman Rail Trail through Concord starting at the bridge over Rte. 2 near Acton and continuing just before White Pond in West Concord.

A bike repair station stands year-round just outside the center of

About 20 miles long so far, the trail begins in Lowell, travels through Chelmsford, Westford, Carlisle, and Acton before it runs through Concord and by this fall will end just north of Rte. 20 in Sudbury. It’s still under design in parts of Sudbury and Framingham and will total about 25 miles when it’s completed.

Features of the Concord portion of the trail include stops at the newly constructed Gerow Park near Warner’s Pond, which includes walking trails and a pavilion, and West Concord Village, which has everything from quaint shops and restaurants to galleries, a library, a natural foods store, a performing arts center, conservatory, and an MBTA train station. Soon, the trail will travel along the White Pond Reservation area as it winds into Sudbury. Along the way are benches, bike racks, a bike share site, and a bike repair station.

The Bruce Freeman Rail Trail winds its way through West Concord Village past the

38 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
All photos © Carlene Hempel Laura Davis rides her “cargo bike” through West Concord Village on the Bruce Freeman Rail Trail. She uses the trail to access everything from her doctor to her son’s school. West Concord Village. MBTA staton and the Club Car Cafe.

Kim Kelly, a resident of Brookside Square apartments on Beharrell Street in West Concord, walks 10 miles on the Bruce Freeman Rail Trail every day. “I love it,” she said on a recent breezy May morning. “I call it the cheapest gym membership in town.” She also loves how multi-generational the trail is. “It’s very family friendly. What I love is there are always teenagers on it. It’s really inspiring. They could be inside playing video games.”

Davis, who had just dropped her 6-year-old son at Concord Montessori School on Domino Drive and was peddling to a Transportation Advisory Committee meeting where she serves as a volunteer, said she sees this leg of the BFRT as vital to the vision of a connected Concord. “We don’t have a lot of long, continuous, safe places for people to walk and bike separated from traffic,” she said from the center of the Junction Park gardens, next to favorite breakfast stop Club Car Café. “As a cyclist who uses the bike for transportation, I need that path to get [around] safely.”

Carlene Hempel is a resident of West Concord.


ALYN CARLSON Represented Artist

Alyn Carlson is a multi-faceted artist working in a wide variety of media. Her phenomenal sense of color and texture transports you to a world of wonder.

We invite you to explore Alyn’s stunning work at our gallery. Please check our website for the dates of upcoming shows and receptions.

32 Main Street n Concord, MA 978.371.1333 n follow us @threestonesgallery xx

Discover CONCORD | 39
The Bruce Freeman Rail Trail travels through the beautiful gardens of West Concord Village’s Junction Park. Alyn Carlson, Walk with Me #624, watercolor, 6x6


CONCORD & Surrounding Areas



The Bee’s Knees British Imports 566 Massachusetts Ave

First Rugs 13 Great Rd

Concord Center

Albright Art Supply 32 Main St

Artinian Jewelry 39 Main St

Artisans Way 18 Walden St

Barrow Bookstore 79 Main St

Best of British 29 Main St

Blue Dry Goods 16 Walden St

Bobbi Benson Antiques 25 Walden St

Brine Sporting Goods 69 Main St

The Cheese Shop 29 Walden St

Comina 9 Walden St

Concord Bookshop 65 Main St

Concord Lamp and Shade 21 Walden St

Concord Market 77 Lowell Rd

The Concord Toy Box 32 Main St

Concord Walking Tours 79 Main St

Copper Penny Flowers 9 Independence Court

The Dotted i 1 Walden St

Fairbank & Perry Goldsmiths 32 Main St

FatFace 4 Walden St

Footstock 46 Main St

Fritz & Gigi 79 Main St

French Lessons 8 Walden St

George Vassel Jewelry

Gräem Nuts and Chocolate

Grasshopper Shop


J McLaughlin

Main St

Main St

Main St

Walden St

Walden St

Jack + Toba 10 Walden St

Lucy Lacoste Gallery


North Bridge Antiques

Patina Green

Main St

Main St

Walden St

Main St

Priscilla Candy Shop 19 Walden St

Revolutionary Concord

Rewind Estate Watches

Sara Campbell Ltd

Tess & Carlos

Thistle Hill

Thoreauly Antiques

Three Stones Gallery

Vanderhoof Hardware

Walden Liquors

Walden Street Antiques

Concord Farms


Marshall Farm

The Walden Woods Project Farm

Verrill Farm

Thoreau Depot

ATA Cycles

Concord Provisions


Main St

Main St

Main St

Walden St

Walden St

Main St

Main St

Walden St

Walden St

Thoreau St

Thoreau St

Thoreau St

West Concord Barefoot Books 23 Bradford St

Belle on Heels 23 Commonwealth Ave

Bloom Floral Studio 10 Commonwealth Ave

Clay Art + Concept 114 Commonwealth Ave

Concord Firefly

Commonwealth Ave

Concord Flower Shop 135 Commonwealth Ave

Concord Outfitters 113 Commonwealth Ave

Debra’s Natural Gourmet 98 Commonwealth Ave

Doe + Fawn 105 Commonwealth Ave

Joy Street Life + Home 49 Commonwealth Ave

Lawless Upholstery 119 Commonwealth Ave

Loveday 115 Commonwealth Ave

Potager Soap Company 152 Commonwealth Ave

Puck and Abby 84a Commonwealth Ave

Reflections 101 Commonwealth Ave

Vintages 53 Commonwealth Ave

West Concord Wine & Spirits 1215 Main St


Concord Center

Caffè Nero 55 Main St

Comella’s 33 Main St

Concord’s Colonial Inn 48 Monument Square

Fiorella’s Cucina 24 Walden St

Haute Coffee 12 Walden St

Helen’s Restaurant 17 Main St

Main Streets Market & Café 42 Main St

Sally Ann’s Bakery & Food Shop 73 Main St

Thoreau Depot

80 Thoreau 80 Thoreau St

Bedford Farms Ice Cream 68 Thoreau St

Dunkin’ 117 Thoreau St

Farfalle Italian Market Café 26 Concord Crossing

Karma Concord Asian Fusion 105 Thoreau St

New London Style Pizza 71 Thoreau St

Sorrento’s Brick Oven Pizzeria 58 Thoreau St

Starbucks 159 Sudbury Rd

West Concord

Adelita 1200 Main St

Club Car Café 20 Commonwealth Ave

Concord Teacakes 59 Commonwealth Ave

Dino’s Kouzina & Pizzeria 1135 Main St

Dunkin’ 1191 Main St

Nashoba Brook Bakery 152 Commonwealth Ave

Saltbox Kitchen 84 Commonwealth Ave

Walden Italian Kitchen 92 Commonwealth Ave

West Village Tavern 13 Commonwealth Ave

Woods Hill Table 24 Commonwealth Ave


Concord Center

Concord’s Colonial Inn 48 Monument Sq

North Bridge Inn 21 Monument Sq

West Concord

Residence Inn by Marriott 320 Baker Ave

Discover CONCORD | 41
Main St
Mill Farm 449 Barrett’s Mill Rd
Hutchins Farm
Monument Street
Harrington Ave
1047 Concord Tpke
11 Wheeler Rd
Thoreau St Frame-ables
Thoreau St Juju
Furniture Hardware
42 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024 CONCORD CENTER M B H tSdrofdeB Court Ln LexingtonRd H Concord Visitor Center C LowellRd ToWaldenPond WaldenSt. StowSt KeyesRd tStnemunoM Mia n S t Featured Businesses A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 8 18 19 Artinian Jewelry Artisans Way Barrett Sotheby’s Int’l Realty Barrow Bookstore Bobbi Benson Antiques The Cheese Shop Compass Real Estate The Concord Bookshop Concord Players Concord Walking Tours Concord’s Colonial Inn Fairbank & Perry Goldsmiths Fiorella’s Cucina Inkstone Architects LandVest Nesting North Bridge Antiques Patina Green Revolutionary Concord & The Concord Toy Box Sara Campbell Three Stones Gallery The Umbrella Arts Center 7 11 22 4 2 13 17 6 3 20 1 16 12 15 14 10 20 21 18 8 21 9 5 19 22 P ToWaldenPond WaldenSt. StowSt Artinian Jewelry Artisans Way Barrett Sotheby’s Int’l Realty Barrow Bookstore Bobbi Benson Antiques The Cheese Shop Compass Real Estate The Concord Bookshop Concord Players Concord Walking Tours Concord’s Colonial Inn Fairbank & Perry Goldsmiths Fiorella’s Cucina Inkstone Architects LandVest Nesting North Bridge Antiques Patina Green Revolutionary Concord & The Concord Toy Box Sara Campbell Three Stones Gallery The Umbrella Arts Center

Appleton Design Group

The Attias Group

Barefoot Books

Concord Flower Shop

Concord Teacakes

Debra’s Natural Gourmet

Dunkin’ (two locations)

Puck and Abby Reflections

Verrill Farm

A B 14 1 A B 13 3 2 8 8 11 5 6 4 Points of Interest Concord Train Station West Concord Train Station Featured Businesses 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Adelita
Vintages West Concord Wine & Spirits Woods Hill Table 12 12 13 14 7 10 9
44 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024 62 62 MonumentSt Lang St 62 Grea t Mdae o w s Rd Bltra e t t H i l dRl M ar tin R d Grea t M e a d o sw dR Peter SpringRd PrescottRd Monsen Rd AshSt Birch Dr NancyRd I dnecnednepe dR dRttoclA Lixe n g t o n R d tnemunoM tS woB tS LowellRd KeyesRd WaldenSt tSdrabbuH StowSt tStterevE tSleruaL Cambridge Turnpike Lex ing t o n R d W a l n u t S t AuthorsRd WaysideRd Ridge Rd tCsivaD tCdrofdeB nLegdirtraP
G F I K M H J B L D O Concord Center — See detailed map on earlier page A Concord Free Public Library 129 Main St Concord Museum 53 Cambridge Turnpike Concord Visitor Center 58 Main St Louisa May Alcott’s Orchard House 399 Lexington Rd Minute Man National Historical Park 250 N. Great Rd (Lincoln) The North Bridge North Bridge Visitor Center 174 Liberty St Old Hill Burying Ground 2-12 Monument Sq The Old Manse 269 Monument St Ralph Waldo Emerson House 28 Cambridge Turnpike The Robbins House 320 Monument St Sleepy Hollow Cemetery & Authors Ridge 120 Bedford St South Burying Ground Main St & Keyes Rd Walden Pond State Reservation 915 Walden St The Wayside 455 Lexington Rd The Wright Tavern 2 Lexington Rd
B D E F G H I J K L M N O N E H C Concord Visitor Center H C A A P P
Points of Interest




Jerry Wedge, esteemed Executive Director of The Umbrella Arts Center, is stepping down from his role after an incredible 12-year tenure. Under Jerry’s leadership, The Umbrella has not only endured but thrived, successfully navigating the construction of its new state-of-the-art facility and the unprecedented challenges brought about by the global pandemic.

Throughout his tenure, Jerry’s dedication, vision, and tireless efforts have solidified The Umbrella as a vibrant hub for the arts in Metro West and Greater Boston. And he has enriched our entire community through service to the Concord Public School Committee, Concord-Carlisle Regional School Committee, Concord Center Cultural District Task Force, Concord 250, Economic Vitality & Tourism Advisory Group, and more.

ongoing vitality and sustainability of The Umbrella’s facility well into the future.

We invite you to join us in honoring Jerry Wedge’s extraordinary legacy by contributing to The Wedge Fund, in support of the future of The Umbrella Arts Center for generations to come. | 978.371.0820 x201


Photo by Pierre Chiha; Art work by Jerry Wedge

Making Nature Accessible for All

We take for granted that nature—and the physical, mental, and emotional health benefits that it provides—should be available to everyone. But for people who have mobility challenges, use wheelchairs, or are pushing heavy strollers, nature trails over rough terrain can be anything but a walk in the park.

WAs the largest conservation organization in New England, Mass Audubon has spent the last decade playing a leading role in putting nature within reach of everyone at their wildlife sanctuaries across the state. Universally designed, accessible All Persons Trails pave the way for people of all abilities to experience the wonders of nature.

Mass Audubon’s seventeenth All Persons Trail opened last fall at Brewster’s Woods Wildlife Sanctuary in Concord. When Brewster’s Woods was donated

to Mass Audubon in 2018, the beauty of the sanctuary – 130 acres of woodland, meadows, and marshland along the banks of the Concord River – was immediately apparent. But the original trails that wandered through the property were narrow and rough, with steep, eroded sections that made travel difficult.

Thanks to the work of Appalachian Mountain Club’s professional trail crew and Mass Audubon’s accessibility consultants, the new Fisher Trail features a firm, stable surface of crushed stone and gentle grades across the rolling terrain. As one of the few accessible trails in Concord, this 1.2-mile roundtrip trail provides access to nature experiences and wildlife observation spots that might otherwise be off-limits. The trail winds through each of the main habitats of the sanctuary: forest, field, and wetland.

Frequent seating opportunities provide a space to rest, take in your surroundings, and observe the plentiful wildlife.

Exploring the Fisher Trail provides a view of the Concord landscape – fields edged by rock walls and forests leading down to a wide expanse of river – that feels like going back in time, reflecting the unique history of the property. This historic site was formerly part of the country homestead of William Brewster (1851-1919), an early leader in American ornithology and curator at Harvard University’s Museum of Comparative Zoology. In 1891, Brewster purchased October Farm in Concord as a respite from his city life in Cambridge. Here he embarked on extensive fieldwork, taking full advantage of the forest, meadows, and abundant wetlands on the banks of the Concord River.

46 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
© Gretchen Ertl Mass Audubon all persons trail

Brewster’s legacy of conservation was greatly influenced by his time in Concord, a period in which he purposefully chose to put down his rifle (the common means at the time for obtaining bird specimens for study) and to pick up his binoculars. This time also aligned with his role as the first President of Mass Audubon from 1896 to 1913, working with founders Harriet Hemenway and Minna Hall to enact legislation prohibiting the killing of songbirds for ornamental purposes.

Brewster made extensive records of the wildlife that he saw on the property, including many species which are still present today. A highlight of the journey for birders and all nature fans is the impoundment, a marshy area created by Brewster in the early 1900s to provide habitat for migrating waterfowl. Mallards and Great Blue Herons are often seen gliding over the marsh. Native shrubs like pepperbush form thickets along the waterline that are also great hiding spots for small mammals and the occasional beaver. On sunny days, turtles can often be seen basking on logs. Wooden nesting boxes in the impoundment – homes for Wood Ducks

– have been monitored for decades along the Concord River and beyond by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

After his passing in 1919, Brewster’s land was divided and sold to different owners. His obituary, written by Henry Wetherbee Henshaw for the birders’ journal The Auk, noted how much his Concord estate meant to him. In fact, he worried that “all the interest in his Concord place was destined to lapse when he was through with it.” It also noted that he often “discussed its availability for a duck or game breeding place, or for a bird refuge.” Decades later, Concord residents Nancy and Reinier Beeuwkes saw the opportunity to protect the land forever. Wanting everyone to experience the beauty of Brewster’s landscape, they donated

the land to Mass Audubon, protecting the property from residential development and ensuring that Brewster’s dream of conserving the land would be possible more than 100 years after his death.

Today, Brewster’s Woods is a shining example of both the importance of protecting our wild places and the ability of history to shape our current decisions and understanding about land use. What better way to celebrate that legacy than by ensuring that the beauty and enjoyment of nature are available to all.

Brewster’s Woods Wildlife Sanctuary is located off Balls Hill Road in Concord. The trails are open each day from dawn to dusk, and visitors can download a digital map and self-guided tour from the sanctuary website at The Fisher Trail begins at the parking area and is clearly marked.

Renata Pomponi is Mass Audubon’s Senior Director of Strategic Initiatives, leading the development of new wildlife sanctuaries and urban greenspaces across Massachusetts as well as advancing the organization’s strategic priorities around land protection, climate change, and biodiversity. Her conservation philosophy looks for the spaces in between disciplines— the ways in which nature and people interconnect—so that Mass Audubon’s sanctuaries can continue to be a place where children and adults are inspired to explore, discover, and think about the world in new ways.

Discover CONCORD | 47
© Mass Audubon
© Mass Audubon Great Blue Heron at Brewster’s Woods Stone walls on the Fisher Trail

Lights! Camera! Action! A New Film Stars Concord’s Own Ellen Garrison

WWhen history and inspiration collide, great things happen. And so, when Jennifer Burton and Julie Dobrow, founders of the “Half the History” project at Tufts University, heard the amazing story of Concord’s Ellen Garrison, they knew they had found the perfect subject for their project series, which places a spotlight on the incredible achievements of women and their important contributions to society.

Ellen Garrison: Scenes From an Activist Life portrays one such inspirational story At the young age of 12, Ellen chose to march in Concord’s 1835 bicentennial parade. She was the only black child known to do so. As a young adult, Ellen became a schoolteacher dedicated to educating newly freed African Americans. She also served as a powerful activist around local and national demands for civil rights for all people.

Ellen was the first person to challenge the Civil Rights Act of 1866 in court, after she was forcibly ejected from a segregated waiting room in a Baltimore train station. She carefully documented the experience to support a petition to the court for her rights. Although the Maryland court dismissed her case, Ellen’s bravery blazed a trail for civil rights at an important moment in history.

studying disciplines ranging from costume design, to child development, to computer science.

Julie and Jennifer set out to tell the story of Ellen’s impact on the world through film. The project brought together Tufts students

Recreating a 19th century parade with more than 100 cast members in modern day Concord is no easy task. But the community here eagerly jumped in to help support such a worthy project. Production took place all around the town – from the School of Philosophy (at the Louisa May Alcott Orchard House) to the Concord Armory to the Minute Man National Historical Park. That required a complex web of permitting, location set up, moving equipment around, coordinating actors and costumes, and even feeding a large team. All of that was done by the students, creating a real-world experience that would make a deep impression on their education.

“So many people and organizations were incredibly helpful as we put this idea together. From historian Bob Gross to the teams at the Concord Museum and at The Robbins House. The Concord Players, Beth Norton (music director at Concord’s First Parish Church) who wrote the film score, and the cast of the Thoreau walking play were all involved. Jan Turnquist at Orchard House, the National Park Service, the team at the Armory, and even members of local Minute Man companies, and so many others were integral to the production. We are truly grateful,” said Jennifer.

“Watching history come alive is a deeply rewarding part of what we do,” said Julie. “To film the scene recreating the meeting of the Concord female anti-slavery society at The Robbins House - using words pulled from documented sources that these amazing women truly spoke – was a powerful experience. We are honored to be able to share the story of Ellen Garrison with the world. She truly exemplified what it means to stand up for your rights and for the rights of others.”

The first screening of the film took place at Concord’s Umbrella Arts Center on June 8, 2024. For more information, or to see a trailer of the film, please visit

48 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
© Allie Humenuk © Voyager Publishing Actor Shy’Kira Allen, Poet Sam Williams, and Pasadena city leader Veronica Jones celebrate the life of Ellen Garrison at a Concord event in April. A scene from the film, depicting a meeting of the Concord Female Anti-Slavery Society.

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23 Bradford Street, Floor 2, Concord MA Monday–Friday, 9am–5pm

History Inspires Fashion at The Old Manse

SStories, if well-told, can inspire. Tours of historic sites, like those in Concord, are fertile grounds for inspiration. So it was for Gary Graham, an American fashion designer and artist who visited The Old Manse Museum in 2023.

I had the pleasure of introducing Gary to the museum in a tour entitled, Flipping The Script: The Women of The Old Manse. What followed was the launch of his collection entitled, Tnumarya’s Object Lessons of The Old Manse. The name is derived from Ralph Waldo Emerson who referred to his beloved Aunt Mary Moody Emerson with the anagram, Tnumarya.

Manse is a Scottish word meaning home of the minister. Concord’s Old Manse was built for the Rev. William Emerson and his family in 1770 after he became the town’s minister. The same famous family, whose grandson, Ralph Waldo, wrote his seminal piece, Nature, at the manse in 1834, lived there until 1939. Purchased by The Trustees of Reservations that year, the museum home has been open to the public since 1940.

After studying fashion, performance art and painting at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Gary worked for fashion designer J. Morgan Puett and for Director Julie Taymor as a costume designer on projects

like the award-winning Lion King where he used some of the techniques and skills he still employs like garment dying and cutting. He started his business in 2000, and in 2009 he established his flagship store and studio in downtown New York’s Tribeca neighborhood. There he achieved an instant cult following including Helena Bonham Carter and Parker Posey.

In 2017 he closed his NYC business and relocated to rural upstate New York where he re-launched his line as GaryGraham422. (422 refers to the street address of his boutique and design studio.) There he endeavored to create hand-finished, small-batch garments using antique textiles and custom jacquards. In 2021, Gary was featured as a finalist on season two of the TV series, Making the Cut.

In a recent interview, I spoke to Gary about his experience visiting The Old Manse.

“I’m not an historian, but have always had an interest. I wondered, ‘What was it like growing up in this home?’ The stories of the women really inspired me,” he said. “I kept

50 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
All photos © Gary Graham Designs

thinking about the difficulty of the multi-tasking world of these women.” In her journal, Mary Moody Emerson described the home’s grandfather clock as “witness to the grief of widows and the relentless hand of female order.”

“How did these women from that time emerge as independent and creative thinkers?” he wondered.

Sarah Alden Bradford Ripley, who married into the Emerson family and occupied The Manse beginning in 1846, was one such independent thinker. A contemporary of Ralph Waldo Emerson’s, she was a superior intellectual, self-educated teacher and botanist. Her specimens can be seen at Harvard’s Natural History Museum. She was a women denied entry to Harvard by being born female. Yet she became known as one of the greatest Harvard professors who never attended. Rusticants, as they were called, or boys who were failing academically, were sent to the rustic countryside, to Sarah, to be tutored back to Harvard.

Inspired by her botanical pressings, Gary created stunning designs called Botanical

Dark and Botanical Light. “I wanted to show the shadow side of classification. The hooded cloaks are not intended to hide,” said Gary, “but to create intrigue.”

“These are not period pieces,” he said. “I’m not producing a history lesson but creating garments inspired by the research.”

Although not gender-neutral, Gary’s pieces, made with women in mind, draw a wide and diverse audience. “Like many queer little boys, I sometimes liked to dress in skirts and dresses when I was young.” Figures from his childhood imagination emerged and laid the groundwork for his artistic career allowing for an expansive and creative framework.

Consider his fashions inspired from the 1770 bull’s eye windows above the front entry door of The Old Manse. He described seeing them as a time-travelled experience. The design inspiration took him from the camera lense, to a distorted digital print, to quilted analog. “The distortion of the bull’s eye was a way of expressing an ability to see things through someone else’s eyes, to consider another point of view,” he explained. Stunning, blue-hued cloaks and tunics emerged.

“I’m drawn to humble objects, like those we hide in the attic or put on display.” From this came “Bracket,” a sweater design inspired by a simple, Victorian-era bookshelf holder.

Humble is a word I would use to describe Gary. At the height of popularity, he moved from the glitz of Manhattan to the Catskills, to live, as a famous Concordian would describe, “deliberately.” When asked what he liked most about life in Franklin, New York, he said, “the light.” His clothing reflects his interest in history, storytelling, and the roles of women in society. I believe the women of The Old Manse would be well-pleased.

For more information about tours at The Old Manse, including Flipping the Script: The Women of The Old Manse, visit their website at

For more information about Gary Graham Designs, visit his website at

Marybeth Kelly is an historic interpreter at The Old Manse Museum for The Trustees of Reservations. She is author of Flipping the Script: The Women of The Old Manse and resides in her beloved Concord.

Discover CONCORD | 51

The Tale of Concord’s Barrow Bookstore

WWelcome, dear readers, to the story of The Barrow Bookstore, a unique shop featuring rare and gently-read books down the lane at 79 Main Street, Concord, Massachusetts. For 54 years, the Barrow has been owned by three generations of women whose passion for history and literature personify Louisa May Alcott’s quote, “She is too fond of books and it has turned her brain.” Each owner has been embedded in the history of Concord, and we invite you now to come back in time to the beginning of Barrow’s tale; secrecy is of the essence, so quickly and quietly mount your horses and hold on.

Boston, April 18, 1775, near midnight: We are galloping in the wind next to solitary rider William Dawes. A tanner by trade, tonight, Dawes is an Express rider sent from Boston by patriot leader Dr. Joseph Warren to carry an urgent message to Lexington and Concord: The King’s troops are on the march, headed to Lexington where they will likely arrest patriot leaders Samuel Adams and John Hancock before pushing on to Concord to search the town.

Afraid that Dawes will be stopped, Warren sends Paul Revere on a different route to carry the same message.

We make it with Dawes to Lexington where he meets Revere and races on towards Concord. In Lincoln, Revere is captured in a trap, but Dawes escapes into the night and we fade into the mists of time

with him and down his family tree until the 1960s when Claiborne Watkins and her husband, William Dawes — 4th great-grandson of the midnight rider— are walking through London. Along the River Thames, Claiborne saw a section of road lined with wooden wheelbarrows filled with books for sale. Recalls Claiborne, “The booksellers called them ‘Book Barrows’; I loved the idea.”

When Claiborne returned home to Concord, she rented the old train depot on Thoreau Street from Ernie Verrill (brother of Steve Verrill of Verrill Farms). Here, with her business partner Betty Woodward, Claiborne opened the Barrow Bookstore, and placed a Victorian wheelbarrow outside. The bookshop opened on July 12, 1971, on Henry David Thoreau’s 154th birthday. Claiborne recounts that “We bought as many Concord books as we could to try and keep the town’s history front and center.” Remembers Claiborne, “One of my most exhilarating moments was finding a little pamphlet, no more than 30 pages. On the title page I read the name of the printer, B. Franklin, Philadelphia, and I almost fell over! I was holding one of the surviving books published by Benjamin Franklin.”

Within Barrow Bookstore’s first decade, space was becoming an issue. Mr. Emerson’s lengthy orations were crowding other

books, and Winnie the Pooh stories were politely requesting a shelf farther away from Hawthorne’s gothic New England tales whose judgmental puritans were distressing to Piglet. Claiborne thought, “Who can I ask if they have a space for the Barrow Bookstore? I immediately thought of Fritz Kussin,” Louisa May Alcott’s great-great-nephew who owned a building on Main Street. As a descendant of the Alcotts, Claiborne figured Fritz would share a love for Concord authors. And she was right; the move to 79 Main Street began. Claiborne’s husband built the bookshelves

52 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
All images courtesy of Barrow Bookstore

that still line the walls of the bookshop, and added a glass case that ironically held a first edition of Longfellow’s Tales of a Wayside Inn, containing the rhythmic, but inaccurate, “Paul Revere’s Ride,” which left out his ancestor, rider William C. Dawes.

In 1981, Pamela Fenn moved to Massachusetts where her ancestors had stepped off the Mayflower in 1620. Pam’s favorite writer is Nathaniel Hawthorne, and on her first day here, before unpacking, Pam visited The Old Manse where Hawthorne had lived from 1842-45. Says Pam, “A tour guide at the Manse told me about the Barrow Bookstore, and I went straight from the Manse to the Barrow.” There she met Claiborne and, like many visitors, felt right at home. For the next seven years, Pam worked at the Old Manse as a tour guide and then as the Museum Director. Having worked at a bookstore in College, Pam’s dream was to own a bookstore and when Claiborne and Betty were ready to retire, Pam purchased the Barrow Bookstore.

For the next 26 years, Pam curated the store’s collection of books from all genres and for all ages, ranging from reading to collector copies (such as first editions of Walden, Little Women, and more). Pam’s staff included Nancy Joroff, a teacher and former Director of Education at the Louisa May Alcott Orchard House. Nancy’s young daughter Aladdine often accompanied her

the window and reading for hours.

Growing up in Concord, Aladdine (whose name came from a crystal-ball-readingfortune teller Nancy had visited in Ireland in the 1960s) lived in an historic house once occupied by Concord’s 19th-century bookseller Henry Whitcomb, and worked as a tour guide at Orchard House, The Old Manse, and the Wayside. Like Louisa May Alcott, her favorite authors include Charles Dickens, leading her to work for a time at the Dickens Museum in London. Today she is the

President of the Greater Boston chapter of the Dickens Fellowship.

In 2013, ownership of the bookstore passed from Pam to Aladdine, who continued the legacy of fine book acquisitions and expanded the store’s rare collection. Drawn by the magnetism of Concord’s seemingly ever-present six degrees of separation of people and history, into Barrow came treasures including documents of mutinous ships lost at sea; a letter written by the Revolutionary War’s “Irish Lafayette” before his hand was cut off in a death-pact with his wife; original draft pages written by Thoreau and Emerson describing epic Norsemen and duels in the dark; pirated editions of Alcott’s Little Women; and a signed, aluminum bound, fire resistant copy of Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury whose ancestor was accused of witchcraft by Betty Paris (now buried in Concord’s Old Hill Burying ground) and sentenced to hang by the Salem witch trial judge ancestors of Alcott and Hawthorne. (Adventure into some of these books’ backstories at BarrowBookstore).

Today, all staff at the bookshop are past or present historic interpreters at many of the Concord sites. Readers far and wide have befriended the bookstore through visits and online; many come for a book and leave with a community. In addition to providing a wide selection of books and literary gifts, the bookstore is a literary museum, with displays of special books that you can view or acquire.

Says Aladdine, “Whether it is a paperback or a first edition book, at the end of the day, the Barrow Bookstore’s most valuable stories are those of our reader friends; as Emerson said, ‘’tis the good reader that makes the good book.’”

For a list of sources, email

A Concord native, Jaimee Joroff is manager of the Barrow Bookstore in Concord Center, which specializes in Concord history, transcendentalism, and literary figures. She has been an interpreter at most of Concord’s historic sites and is a licensed town guide.

Discover CONCORD | 53
mother to the store, sitting in Dr. Laura Dassow Walls (L) author of Thoreau: A Life, and Barrow Bookstore owner Aladdine Joroff (R) view a Thoreau manuscript page in Barrow Bookstore’s rare collection. Paddington Bear (R) of London, and Barrow Bookstore team member & Concord Walking Tours Owner Beth Van Duzer (L) Pamela Fenn (L) and Claiborne Dawes (R), the second and first owners of Barrow Bookstore.

54 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024 98 Commonwealth Ave. Concord, MA 01742 | | 978-371-7573 | Open 7 days a week | Parking behind the store
organic + local produce
scratch kitchen • pastured meats
healthy lunchbox
exotic + international For 34 1/2 years, Concord’s neighborhood grocer for:
vitamins, supplements, and herbal wellness
gluten-free, vegan, etc.
clean bodycare
pioneering awesomeness
staff that knows, and helps
the largest selection of bulk / “zero waste” in Massachusetts
sustainable sushi
standards and ethics on every shelf Mexican cuisine you’ll love – made fresh with sustainably sourced, local ingredients Enjoy dining in our festive restaurant and bar OUR PATIO IS OPEN Dinner Tues-Sat 4:30pm to 9:00pm Sun. 4:30pm to 8:00pm Lunch Tuesday-Friday 12:00pm to 2:00pm Catering and private events also available Learn more at 1200 Main Street – Concord, MA tel. 978-254-0710
10 5 Commonwealth Ave Concord, M A Doe + Fawn offers a selection of toys, books and clothing for young children with a deep connection to the natural world. do efawnshop • 84a Commonwealth Ave., Concord, MA 1-781-674-6364 | @shoppuckandabby 101 Commonwealth Ave in West Concord Facebook/Instagram: @ReflectionsConcord Concord’s favorite consignment shop for nearly 30 years! Curated Women’s Clothing and Accessories Save up to 75% OFF retail prices Shop in-store Tuesday - Friday 11-6 Saturday 10-5 53 Commonwealth Ave., Concord, MA 978-369-2545 @vintagesonline @vintagesvino Make your own silver jewelry with a 2-hour group session for up to 6 people - here in the studio or at your location! Call for further details for your ladies’ night out or birthday party (ages 8 - 98). Merlin’s Silver Star HILARY TAYLOR 978.590.6464 | Now’s the time to place your Sterling Silver Christmas Ornament orders. Many creative images available. Visit our website for more ideas and silver jewelry. | 978-590-6464 | 336 Baker Ave | Concord
In the summertime, fireflies light up the Concord night sky. Let’s learn some fascinating firefly facts!

adapted from Firefly Galaxy (Barefoot Books), written by Sarah Nelson and illustrated by

Estrellita Caracol

What is a firefly’s life cycle?

Tiny eggs hatch into larvae*, which live for months or years in moist habitats like wet soil or under leaves or bark.

*plural of larva

Adult fireflies lay eggs, and the cycle begins again.

tiny eggs larva pupa winged beetle

In spring, fireflies change form in a process called metamorphosis — like butterflies!

Fireflies live as flying adults for just a few weeks in late spring or summer.

56 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024

What are fireflies?

In the dark, fireflies may look like twinkling stars, but they are really flying beetles. Most types of fireflies are nocturnal (active at night) and use light to communicate. A firefly that emits light has a light organ or lantern at the end of its body. Inside their lanterns, fireflies produce a light called bioluminescence . “Bio” means living thing. “Luminescence” means light.

Why do fireflies flash?

A firefly’s flash can be a warning to predators — don’t eat me; I’m dangerous! However, scientists believe that fireflies mainly flash to find mates. Each species , or unique kind, of firefly has its own flash pattern. Some fireflies are synchronous — thousands swarm together and flash their lights on and off, lighting up and going dark almost at the same time. Scientists are not sure why synchronous fireflies flash together. It is one of nature’s exciting mysteries.

Is it okay to catch fireflies?

If we are lucky enough to spot fireflies, mostly we should only watch and wonder. But every so often, if we are very gentle, it is okay to catch a firefly. Admire and study it awhile. Then let it go.

How can we help fireflies?

Fireflies are endangered in many regions, but fortunately, we can help:

• Keep nights darker by closing our curtains, turning off unneeded outdoor lights, and growing shade trees.

• Create wild areas for fireflies in yards and parks.

• Let leaves and twigs collect on the ground to attract the critters that firefly larvae eat.

• Allow grasses to grow tall in these areas (female fireflies often watch for mates from tall blades of grass)

Barefoot Books is an award-winning, 30-year-old independent children’s book publisher based in Concord, MA. Learn more by visiting

Discover CONCORD | 57
P I E R R E . C O M 9 7 8 - 3 6 9 - 9 9 4 9 P C H I H A P H O T O @ G M A I L . C O M M E N T I O N T H I S P A G E A N D R E C E I V E $ 5 0 O F F Y O U R S E N I O R P O R T R A I T S E S S I O N
Discover CONCORD | 59 The Concord Players 2024 - 2025 Season 978-369-2990 Nov. 8 - 23, 2024 February 14March 1, 2025 May 2 - 17, 2025 Directed by J. Mark Baumhardt Directed by Michelle Leibowitz Directed by Shelby Art - Koljonen
Book and Lyrics Greg Kotis
Shakespeare in Love
Specializing in delicious everyday & custom designed cakes & cupcakes for every occasion. 59 Commonwealth Ave. West Concord • 978.369.7644 Monday-Saturday 7am - 5pm Specializing in delicious everyday & custom designed cakes & cupcakes Specializing in delicious everyday & custom designed cakes & cupcakes Remember to order your holiday cakes, cookies and catering early! 207-542-9392 We work both nationally and internationally Camden • ME Marblehead • MA Writers C W Camden Preserving family, corporate & organization histories since 1997 There is a significant story to be written for all of us. Let us help you tell yours. References available Stories bring history to life...
Music and Lyrics Mark Hollmann Based on the screenplay by Marc Norman & Tom Stoppard Music by Paddy Cunneen Adapted for the stage by Lee Hall

Historic Concord: Plan Your Visit

Concord has many historic sites of interest. Below is contact information for each, along with their hours of operation. Please check the website before visiting, as sites may be closed on holidays or for private events.


Main Branch: 129 Main Street (978) 318-3300

Monday: 10 am – 8 pm

Tuesday through Thursday: 9 am – 8 pm

Friday and Saturday: 9 am – 5 pm

Closed on Sunday

Special Collections: 129 Main Street (978) 318-3342

Monday: 10 am – 6 pm

Tuesday through Friday: 9 am – 5 pm

Fowler Branch: 1322 Main Street (978) 318-3350

Monday through Friday: 10 am - 6 pm

Saturdays in June: 10 am - 5 pm

Closed on Saturday in July and August


53 Cambridge Turnpike (978) 369-9763

Tuesday - Sunday: 10 am - 4 pm


58 Main Street (978) 318-3061

Every day: 9 am - 4 pm

Check the website for more information.


399 Lexington Road (978) 369-4118

Monday through Saturday: 10 am - 5 pm Sunday: 11 am - 5 pm

MINUTE MAN NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK minute-man-visitor-center.htm

250 N. Great Road (Lincoln) (781) 674-1920

Grounds are open year-round from sunrise to sunset. Visitor Center open WednesdayFriday 9 am - 5 pm through June 30.

Effective July 1 - Aug 31:

Wednesday - Friday: 9 am - 12 pm

Visit the park website for programming schedule and expanded offerings over the summer.

THE NORTH BRIDGE AND VISITOR CENTER north-bridge-visitor-center.htm

174 Liberty Street (978) 369-6993

Grounds are open year-round from sunrise to sunset. Visitor Center open every day 10 am - 5 pm

OLD HILL BURYING GROUND old-hill-burial-ground 2-12 Monument Square

Open daily: 7 am – 5 pm

THE OLD MANSE 269 Monument Street (978) 369-3909

Check the website or call for hours.


28 Cambridge Turnpike (978) 369-2236

Thursday - Saturday: 10 am - 4:30 pm Sunday: 1 pm - 4:30 pm


320 Monument Street (978) 254-1745

Wednesday - Monday: 11 am - 4 pm

Closed on Tuesdays


Open daily: 7 am – 7 pm

SOUTH BURYING GROUND Main Street and Keyes Road

WALDEN POND STATE RESERVATION 915 Walden Street (978) 369-3254

Open daily – see website for hours

THE WAYSIDE 455 Lexington Road (978) 369-6993

Call for hours and events

60 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024

A walking tour with a Certified Interpretive Guide is a great way to go deeper into the fascinating history of Concord.

Walking tours also make great gifts – and are a wonderful way to entertain family and out of town guests!

Our tours include: APRIL 19TH

Perfect for the fan of American history LITERARY LUMINARIES

Explore the fascinating Authors Ridge in Sleepy Hollow TWO REVOLUTIONS

Perfect for the group that wants to learn about the American Revolution AND the Transcendentalists


Fans of Little Women and Louisa May Alcott won’t want to miss this!


Dive into the lesser-known town tales of Concord!


A family friendly tour exploring the iconography and stories of Old Hill Burying Ground

Book your tour today and walk with us, where history happened!

Discover CONCORD | 61 | 978.257.4364 EXPLORE WATERWAYS CONCORD! 978 369 9438 496 Main St. Concord MA 01742 he South Bridge Boathouse offers canoe and kayak rentals on the historic waterways of the Sudbury, Assabet and Concord rivers. Tour through American history by boating with us! See the wonders of nature which inspired Thoreau, Emerson, Hawthorne and the Alcotts. Please call us or visit our website for more infomation. Hours Monday - Friday 10am-7pm Saturday - Sunday 9am-7pm

Finding Margaret Fuller in Concord: A Book Review

FFiction is a fun introduction to history! Allison Pataki encourages her readers to visit Concord, where her novel is predominately set—to tour the Emerson House, The Old Manse, and Orchard House—as she did while writing. Indeed, shortly after Finding Margaret Fuller: a novel’s publication (Ballentine Books, 2024), book clubs scheduled group tours at Emerson’s home.

Pataki fictionalizes Fuller’s life and the characters in her circle, misshaping chronology into an anachronistic melange and altering history to suit the story she tells about a misfit woman and feminist model (particularly for future novelist Louisa May Alcott). Especially notable to readers familiar with Concord, fictional changes are historically misleading, opposing factual actions and sentiments of the real people Pataki’s characters are based on, yet raise figurative questions about women’s lives and gender equality.

While Pataki succeeds in popularizing Fuller, the first person narrative lacks emotional drive, compelling immediacy, and Fuller’s voice—her wit, spirit, and sheer intelligence. Her character is comparatively bland and tepid. Rather than a peer, Fuller is characterized as a subordinate protege to famous men and a rival to their oppressed wives, missing the mark in depicting her true relationships. Emerson is caricatured as a literary autocrat with a sullen, neglected wife; Thoreau, kindly feral woodsman; Bronson Alcott, idealist buffoon with a precocious heroine-to-be toddler; Sophia Hawthorne, weakened dependent bride to an imaginatively wayward husband. Pataki’s depictions are not without balancing sympathy, but the real story is more complex and interesting than fiction—replete with drama and romance for a novelist’s dreams. Pataki’s fiction invites readers to discover Concord’s true stories, to walk in Fuller’s

footsteps in Sleepy Hollow’s pine shaded ridges and valleys or to Walden Pond; take in the surroundings on the rock at the Old Manse as Fuller did; go boating; and see Emerson’s home, where Fuller lived months of her life. After Finding Margaret Fuller at your local bookshop, let Concord’s tour guides tell you the true stories of this remarkable woman!

Dr. Kristi Lynn Martin is an independent interdisciplinary scholar specializing in Concord’s nineteenth-century literary circle. She has worked with Concord’s many literary-historic sites.

“ ‘Tis the good reader that makes the good book.”
~Ralph Waldo Emerson
62 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
Barrow Bookstore 79 Main Street, Concord, MA (behind Fritz and Gigi) | | 978-369-6084 RARE AND GENTLY READ BOOKS Specializing in Concord Authors and History; Transcendentalism; Revolutionary War, American, and Military History; Children’s Literature; and a wide selection for the eclectic reader. Literary-themed gifts, postcards, and beeswax candles.
Discover CONCORD | 63 39 Main Street | Concord MA 01742 1734 Massachusetts Ave. | Lexington, MA 02420 Casual Curiosities for the Heart & Home 44 Main St. Concord, MA 2nd floor Monday - Saturday 10-5, Sundays 12-5 978-369-4133 Down the Stairs at 32 Main Street 978.371.1635 Toys, Crafts, Balloons & Fun Stuff for Kids of All Ages

Tnumarya: A Profile of Mary Moody Emerson

“I see my father –I forget him – my infancy, begun how grandly – how sunken now…Happy the man who finds an early bed of honor.”
— Mary Moody


From Phyllis Cole’s book entitled Mary Moody Emerson and the Origins of Transcendentalism

RRalph Waldo Emerson referred to her as Tnumarya, an anagram he created for his beloved aunt, Mary Moody Emerson. Many scholars believe her to be Emerson’s most seminal influencer. She was born in Concord, Massachusetts, in 1774, the third daughter of Rev. William Emerson and Phebe Walker Bliss Emerson. They were the first family to inhabit what became known as The Old Manse.

It was here on Rev. William Emerson’s land near The Old North Bridge, on the morning of April 19, 1775, that the American Revolution began in earnest. The now famous words, “ shot heard round the world,” were written by Mary’s favorite nephew, Ralph Waldo, in his poem, “Concord Hymn.”

In September of 1824, the fifty-year-old Mary met General Lafayette during his Concord visit. She is known to have quipped that she, too, had been “in arms at the Concord fight.” She was referring to her mother’s arms as Phebe Emerson, then pregnant and holding eighteenmonth-old Mary with three children at her feet, watched through an upper-story window of the manse as the battle for independence raged within sight of the Emerson family on that fateful day.

Mary’s first loss occurred when her father, Rev. William Emerson, was called to join the Continental Army as chaplain at the request of Gen. George Washington. Shortly after arriving at Fort Ticonderoga in 1776, he took ill and died in Rutland, Vermont, while attempting to return to his family in Concord.

Soon thereafter, two-year-old Mary was sent away by mother, Phebe, to live with family members. Loneliness, poverty, and hard labor were her constant companions as the young Mary learned her role as a domestic housekeeper and nursemaid. For Mary, it was a time of “slavery of poverty and ignorance and long orphanship.” It would take her nearly seventeen years to return to her beloved Concord.

For her mother, Phebe, the decision to send her infant child away meant one less mouth to feed soon after becoming a widow. Also influencing Phebe’s decision was the dreaded prospect that all

widowed mothers faced; what would become of their daughters who might not receive a marriage proposal? The family to whom Mary was sent would be expected to provide for her.

Mary did, in fact, turn down at least two marriage proposals in her early adult life. Thinking herself unsuited for the role of wife, she believed that her God would never have created two genders where one was subservient to another. An expansive idea for a young woman born before the American Revolution.

A colonial girl, Mary’s life was void of any formal education, but her brilliant mind and voracious appetite for learning never diminished throughout her nearly ninety years. Her journals, referred to as her “Almanacks,” are an impressive and expansive record of her reading, her thoughts, her spiritual life, and her self-gained knowledge.

Although grounded in her Christian beliefs, she came to accept a wider, more liberal and expansive theocracy, including that of her Unitarian family members. Her love of nature and God’s divine purpose was influential and evident in her favorite nephew’s seminal work, Nature, written at The Old Manse in 1834.

Much is known about the role Mary played in Waldo’s life due to their epistolary relationship. The decades of letters written between the two reveal not only a generational genius and unique, natural curiosity, but a genuine love and regard between the two.

On the occasion of her memorial, a grieving Ralph Waldo reminded us that his Tnumarya “danced to the music of her own imagination.” She believed the trials of her life would be rewarded by a benevolent God in the next. She left no image of herself behind except the silhouette created in her youth. The work of this little-known, exceptional woman quietly remains in the lives of her extraordinary family, including the nephew who brought to a new country an American Transcendental movement.

Marybeth Kelly is the Lead Interpreter at The Old Manse Museum. She is the author of Flipping the Script: The Women of The Old Manse and resides in her beloved Concord.

64 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
Mary Moody Emerson
Public domain
Discover CONCORD | 65 Carlisle, MA + The Berkshires | | 413.329.0802 | | @thedes ignnative Full Service Interior Design | Kitchens & Baths | C ustom Millwork Architectural Finishes | Lighting Design | Construc tion Drawings Project Management | Furnishings & Decor Delicious, flavorful meals – with the best, nutrient-rich and sustainable ingredients available Located in the Boston Seaport District with magnificent harbor views Open for dinner every evening Lunch available Monday - Friday Please join us for Brunch on Saturday & Sunday For details, please visit 300 Pier 4 Boulevard Boston, MA – tel. 617-981-4577

The Bounty of the Season

Nothing says summer quite like fresh produce. Tomatoes bursting with ripeness, sweet corn on the cob, and, of course, watermelon. There is something satisfying about planning a meal around the freshest fruits and vegetables. Fortunately, you don’t need to be a master gardener to enjoy homegrown produce, honey, flowers, and more; Concord’s farm stands are here for you. Nothing could be simpler than stopping by and picking up the season’s best for your dinner table.


449 Barrett’s Mill Road, Concord, MA

Owners Melissa Maxwell and Lise Holdorf grow 50 types of certified organic vegetables, fruits, and flowers on their 15-acre farm. Whether you’re looking for unusual vegetables, fresh watermelon, or a just-picked bouquet, Barrett’s Mill Farm will have the season’s best for your table.

Farm Stand Hours

Tuesday - Friday 11am - 6pm Saturday 9 am - 3pm


754 Monument Street, Concord, MA

This 63-acre farm has been owned and operated by the same family since 1895. Today, you’ll find certified organic fruit and vegetables available at their farmstand throughout the growing season. Their eight acres of apple trees mean the crispiest apples are right at hand!

Farm Stand Hours: Tuesday – Sundays: 11 am – 6 pm


171 Harrington Avenue, Concord, MA

This third-generation family farm uses sustainable practices to bring you tasty vegetables, fruit, honey, poultry and eggs. Bring the kids to meet the family’s goats and chicken and to see the “Chick-Inn”, their mobile chicken tractors!

Farm Stand Hours: Open every day 9 am – 6 pm


1047 Concord Tpke, Concord, MA

Proceeds from this USDAcertified organic farm support the Walden Woods Project. Whether you’re looking for fresh vegetables or locally-sourced jams, it’s worth a stop at their farm stand this weekend.

Farm Stand Hours: July and August: Friday –Sunday: 10 am – 6 pm

66 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024 © istock/jacoblund

11 Wheeler Road, Concord, MA



11 Wheeler Road, Concord, MA

The Verrill family have been providing fresh produce since 1918 and this family-run farm continues to grow. In addition to fruits and produce, you’ll find flowers, fresh baked goods, and prepared meals at their farm stand.

Farm Stand Hours:

Discover CONCORD | 67 istock/Mag Mos
Open every day
Rede ning Retirement Vibrant, engaging, and maintenance-free lifestyle on a beautifully wooded campus Trustworthy services and programs that enhance your life while you stay in your own home CONTACT US TODAY TO LEARN MORE 781.275.8700 or Bedford, MA Carleton-Willard is a not-for-profit continuing care retirement community. SCAN TO INQUIRE © istock/Mag Mos
8 am – 7 pm
providing fresh produce since 1918 and this family-run farm continues to grow.
addition to fruits and produce,
flowers, fresh baked goods, and
Verrill family have been
you’ll find
at their farm stand.
Visit These and Other Concord Farms for Ag Day, September 7, in Concord Center
Farm Stand Hours:
every day 8 am – 7 pm



In this series, we highlight two of the many artists who contribute to the deep creative culture of Concord. Across town, many organizations are dedicated to uplifting the visual arts and artists through exhibitions, educational programs, performances, and workspace.

Italian artist Alice Rosa had a love of botany from a young age. It is with this immense love and impeccable skill in color pencils that Rosa creates almost scientifically descriptive botanical illustrations, as if from a Victorian manuscript. A Concord resident, Rosa holds a degree in foreign languages and literature from the University of Verona as well as a degree in Art Conservation from the Istituto Veneto per i Beni Culturali in Venice, Italy. Suffice it to say, this is an artist with immense attention to every detail and miniscule moment. I often imagine her work as the world perceived through the eyes of a butterfly. Hearing the call of the glorious peony, beckoning its admirers, and delighting in bursts of vivid color and chiffon petals. All this glory that comes from this beautiful earth is in such a delicate balance with the impact humans have on the environment. Rosa’s work wishes to “raise awareness of the wonders of nature through her art, and with that, encourage a deeper respect for the environment.” Her work reminds us there are stories within each humble plant that teach valuable lessons we can apply to a hopeful future.

Both artists’ works can found at Three Stones Gallery.

Lyca Blume is a mixed media artist whose unique jewelry creations feature pieces collected on her travels. She is the gallery manager at Three Stones Gallery in Concord.


Imagine living in a visual reality that fluctuates. Perhaps you don’t have to imagine at all. I have been witness to many of those who happen upon Bethany’s exquisite work at Three Stones Gallery in Concord. The emotional and visceral reaction viewers have to her paintings is truly moving. Holding a Merit Scholar BFA from Rhode Island School of Design, Bethany Noël is the kind of artist I would not hesitate to say might take the art world by storm. Noël is a pointillist, or rather divisionist, by circumstance and not choice. Like many others, she suffers chronic migraines that cause ocular distortions and auras in her vision. These often manifest as a superimposed fractal vision of color, light, and darkness along with nauseating pain. Despite this challenging reality, Noël takes refuge and strength in her work, giving form to an unseen reality. Her view of nature is both sacred and kaleidoscopic in an array of marks and patterns in acrylic and chalk pastel. Seemingly everyday scenes of woodlands and trees become hyper experienced through the voyeur of this unique vision. Perhaps best described in the artist’s own words, “My artwork is an ode to joy despite pain and revealing the beauty of the mundane.”

68 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
ALICE ROSA Alice Rosa, October Sunshine Bethany Noël, Resevoir
Discover CONCORD | 69 Celebrate Summer! Our beverage catering services makes party planning a breeze. We even offer curbside pickup for phone or online orders. 1216 Main Street in West Concord | 978.369.3872 4 Digital Way, Suite 3 in Maynard | 978.298.5344 Two locations, to serve you better! Locally owned and operated A Drinkable Twist - Dunkin’ Vanilla Frosted Donut Signature Latte+ Blueberry Donut Iced Coffee Acton – Boston – New York 978.263.0100 Begin Your Design Journey at our Showroom: 13 Great Road, Acton

Patti Ganek, Twilight Bouquet, acrylic on canvas, 48x48

Arts Around Town



51 Walden |


Join the Concord Band at the annual Picnic in the Park Independence Day celebration! This annual tradition is sure to delight the entire family. July 4 at Emerson Playground.


81 Elm Street |


Don’t miss the 3rd Annual Carlisle Music Festival @ Old Home Day! Concord Women’s Chorus and more than a dozen other musicians and musical groups will entertain during this three-day event. There are even sing-alongs, so gather up the family, pack a blanket and picnic lunch (or enjoy the food and ice cream trucks) and kick off summer with three days of music, fun, family, and friends. June 21 – 23. Visit for more information.


Rideout Playground |

Join Concord Recreation for their annual Summer Concert Series in West Concord! Each night a live band will take the stage to play all your favorite songs, old and new. The concerts run from 6-8 pm at Rideout Playground. Find our which bands are playing by visiting their website.

70 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
Courtesy of Three Stones Gallery


NARA Amphitheater in Acton | Concerts-and-Special-Events

Friday nights mean concerts at the NARA Amphitheater in Acton! Starting July 12 with a tribute band to Fleetwood Mac, the concerts will continue through August with a wide variety of musical acts sure to entertain on a summer’s evening. Visit their website for details on all the concerts lined up for this summer!




Don’t miss Alyn Carlson’s small watercolor landscapes that express her synesthesia: the ability to hear, taste, and feel color. Mara Wagner presents richly textured mixed media works, and a memorial retrospective of spirited works by Julia Ladds Clauss will highlight the show. You’ll also find new works by Judy Bramhall, Brenda Cirioni, Patti Ganek, and Kevin Kusiolek. June 19 - July 28

Reception: Friday, June 21, 6 - 8 pm


This midsummer show features abstract works on paper by Daryl Burtnett, watercolors of New England landscapes by Bruce Davidson, and lively oil paintings by Lindsey Brown. Alyn Carlson, Ray Ciemny, Cecile Ganne, Joan Kocak, and Colleen Pearce. July 31 - September 8

Reception: Saturday, August 10, 6 - 8 pm


40 Stow Street |


Experience this remarkable gallery exhibition of work by two artists in residence; photographer and mixed media artist Catherine LeComte and painter Jasmine Chen. June 28 - September 2

Untitled by Catherine LeComte



51 Walden Street |


The World’s A Stage Players, the Concord Players’ Shakespeare troupe, will present The Merry Wives of Windsor this summer. While remaining true to Shakespeare’s language, the Players will present The Merry Wives of Windsor as a modern-day soap opera, complete with villains, heroes/heroines, clever characters, and oafish egotistical suitors. This rollicking comedic romp focuses on the town of Windsor and is the only Shakespearean play set entirely in England. Welcome summer with what is sure to be a delightful play. July 20 - 28


53 Cambridge Tpke |


Grab your picnic basket and blanket and meet on the Museum lawn for special performances of a selection of episodes of We Were Friends. Presented by the award-winning Firelight Theatre Workshop and performed on land that was once Emerson’s apple orchard, this series of short plays explores the enigmatic and compelling friendship between Ralph Waldo Emerson and Margaret Fuller, set in today’s world. There are two plays in the series, but you don’t need to see the first play to be able to enjoy the second.

And Then: Late Night will be presented July 18.

Two Years In: Birthdays will be presented August 15

Discover CONCORD | 71
Courtesy of The Umbrella Arts Center



QWhich March sister is Louisa May Alcott describing in this sentence from her 1868 novel Little Women:

“If ‘genius is eternal patience’, as Michelangelo affirms, [THIS SISTER] had some claim to the divine attribute, for she persevered in spite of all obstacles, failures, and discouragements, firmly believing that in time she should do something worthy to be called ‘high art’.”

A. Meg

B. Jo

C. Beth

D. Amy

2 True, False, or Sort of

A statue made by Italian sculptor Michelangelo sits in Concord center for all to see.


In 1867, at age 16, future sculptor Daniel Chester French moved with his family to Concord where he took beginning art lessons from which Concord resident:

A. Henry David Thoreau

B. Abigail May Alcott

C. Sophia Hawthorne

D. Edith Emerson


Name the Mason! Built in 1820, Concord’s current Masonic Temple is home to Concord’s Corinthian Lodge A.F. & A.M. which was formed in 1797 under the authority of Grand Master ________

A. Rev. William Emerson

B. Simon Willard

C. John Hancock

D. Paul Revere


You are a lawyer in 18th-century Concord. You are hired to administer the will of a landholder who has died. The land and property will be divided among his sons, and you see the will has made provisions for his relict. What is a “relict?”

A. His remaining livestock that will need to be moved

B. His widow

C. His book collection

D. His outstanding debts

6Accidents happen! In 1844, Henry David Thoreau accidentally did what?

A. Started a fire that took off and burned over 100 acres in Concord

B. Cut a fishing hole in the frozen Walden Pond that weakened the ice and caused ice harvesters to fall into the water

C. Got locked in the Concord jail while trying to survey the property

D. Planted chili peppers instead of beans


Margaret Fuller was good friends with Ralph Waldo Emerson and a regular visitor to Concord. In 1847, why did Margaret travel to Italy?

A. To work as a nanny for the Emerson family

B. To work as a journalist

C. To teach English at a girls’ finishing school

D. To meet a matchmaker who had arranged a marriage for her

8Want to get away? You live in 1840s Concord and ride your horse to Harvard, Massachusetts, to check out “Fruitlands,” a utopian community recently started by Amos Bronson Alcott (father of Louisa May Alcott) and Charles Lane. You arrive in time for dinner. Which of the following might be on the approved dinner menu?

A. Melons

B. Carrots

C. Fish

D. Cheese

E. Honey

9Born in Concord in 1823, this abolitionist, teacher, and equal rights activist, is today locally referred to as “Concord’s Rosa Parks.”

Was she:

A. Ellen Garrison

B. Mary Moody Emerson

C. Louisa May Alcott

D. Jennie Duggan

10Yo, ho, ho, and a bottle of rum for the Men of Concord! Which American artist illustrated both Robert Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island and Men of Concord (short biographies written by Henry David Thoreau)?

A. Abigail May Alcott

B. Daniel Chester French

C. N.C. Wyeth

D. Joe Shmoe

E. An’Ida Kno

72 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
Photo by Barrow Bookstore Barrow Bookstore Presents: La Pieta in Concord Center

A1. D. Amy. The youngest of the four fictional March sisters, Amy was based on Louisa’s real life youngest sister May, who was an aspiring artist. While living at Orchard House in Concord, May illustrated the first edition of her older sister’s Little Women, Part First and, eventually, became a fine artist.

2. Sort of. A replica of Michelangelo’s “La Pieta” statue sits in Concord Center. Recently moved from behind the Catholic rectory, the statue now sits outside Monument Hall (near the Colonial Inn and Masonic Temple). Described by Concord author Nathaniel Hawthorne in his Italian Notebooks, the statue depicts “a representation of the dead Christ, in his mother’s lap.” The original was made by Michelangelo out of a single block of marble and resides in Saint Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City, where Hawthorne visited it in 1858.

3. B. Abigail May Alcott. Youngest sister of Louisa May Alcott, Abigail May Alcott (usually called “May”), gave art lessons to a young Daniel Chester French and taught him the basics of sculpting. French’s famed works include the Minute Man Farmer statue at the North Bridge, and the seated Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial, Washington, D.C. Visit the Concord Library to see more of his statues.

4. D. Paul Revere. Learn more about Concord’s Corinthian Lodge by visiting their website at history

5. B. His widow. Derived from the Latin relinquere, meaning “what is left,” relict referred to the spouse of the deceased. Keep your eye on gravestones in Concord’s old burial grounds and you may see this word.

6. A. Started a fire that took off and burned over 100 acres in Concord. Oops. As later described by Thoreau in an 1850 journal entry, he was cooking fish on a dry riverbank when the fire accidentally spread through arid ground. Thoreau tried to extinguish the fire and then ran for help when the flames were out of his control. Suggesting it wasn’t their problem, some townspeople were not very responsive to his pleas for help until the fire got so large that all hands—and buckets— were needed!

7. B: To work as a journalist.

restrictions. Certain vegetables, including carrots, were forbidden because they showed a lower nature by growing downward. Near starvation contributed to the Alcotts leaving Fruitlands after only seven months. Shortly after, they moved to Concord and into today’s named Wayside House on Lexington Road.

Margaret Fuller was hired by Horace Greeley to write for The New York Tribune. She became the first paid female American war correspondent, reporting from Rome during the 1848 Revolution in the Italian states. Although she did not use a matchmaker, during her time in Italy, Margaret did meet and marry Count Giovanni Ossoli.

8. A: Melons. Melons were acceptable fare at the utopian community, and the residents planted about an acre of them. But the community followed what was similar to a vegan diet with additional

9. A. Ellen Garrison. When the Civil Rights Act of 1866 was passed, Ellen was working as a teacher in Maryland. The Act declared “that all . citizens of the United States of every race and color shall have the same right, in every State and Territory .” Despite the promised language in the Civil Rights Act, Ellen was forcibly removed from a train station in Baltimore after she sat in a segregated waiting room. Ellen challenged this action in court. Learn more by visiting the Robbins House Museum or read Camille Johnson’s Discover Concord article “From Concord to California: Ellen Garrison and her fight for Freedom” in Discover Concord magazine. issuu. com/discoverconcordma/ docs/dc.fall22. fullbook/s/16740941

10. C. N.C. Wyeth (1882-1945)

Visit the William Munroe Concord Library to view their Wyeth art collection on permanent display.

For a list of sources, email

For more than 50 years, Barrow

Bookstore has been a favorite of residents and visitors alike, specializing in Concord authors and history, children’s books and literature. The shop also provides a wide array of gently read and rare titles ranging from paperbacks to first editions and original manuscripts. Staff members have all worked as tour guides and reenactors in Concord and are happy to share their knowledge about the town and its history. Discover more at

Discover CONCORD | 73
All photos on this page Public Domain
May Alcott Nierkier by Rose Peckham, 1879
74 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024 59 Main Street Concord Center @patinagreenshop | 978-369-1708 | shoppatinagreen com Jewelry P Apothecary Patina Green Contemporary Vintage Whimsical 978-371-1442 | 28 Walden St. | Concord, MA 01742 Serving the Concord Community for over 30 Years Monday-Saturday 10-5 | Sunday 12-5 Visit our website for more info: JOIN US FOR OUR SUMMER FESTIVALS! Celebrating Strawberries, Corn & Tomatoes
Discover CONCORD | 75 Meg Gaudet A New Leaf Peter Mahler Concord Teacakes We Will Miss You! Have Fun on Your Next Adventures! To subscribe, please visit our website at Subscriptions are only $39/year and include four seasonal issues (U.S. postage included). CONCORD Discover SPRING 2024 19PLUS! THINGS TO SEE & DO SPRINGTHIS Patriots’ Day 2024 CONCORD Discover FALL 2023 19PLUS! THINGS TO SEE & DO FALLTHIS Honoring the Sacrifice ofGeorge Washington Dugan “I Haven’t a Man Who is Afraid to Go”: The Acton Minutemen Concord’s ColonialHauntedInn TheLegacyInspiring LafayetteGeneralof BONUS INSERT: Discover Lexington’s Top Sites Whether you’re planning your next visit to Concord, or you live here and want to be in the know, Discover Concord is there for you. &SUBSCRIBE TODAY CONCORD Discover ALL YEAR LONG!

Concord Welcomes


Summer in Concord is a wonderful time for residents and visitors to play. Paddling and swimming on our rivers, ponds, and lakes, along with walking or biking the area trails are just a few of our inviting activities.

Summer also brings the sights and sounds of our natural world, such as the animal life and colorful flowers.


76 Discover CONCORD | Summer 2024
The insect world is very interesting as is the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail gathering nectar on Joe Pye weed. The swamp rosemallow is a beautiful plant found in Great Meadows at the northern side of the lower compound and well worth seeking out in late summer. The Fourth of July is a fun and celebratory day that is a highlight of our summers.

A great blue heron (named Grumpy) is wandering over a walking bridge next to the Concord River.

Hummingbirds are a delight to see and hear. The bright colors they are drawn to add an extra dimension.

The twisted osprey is as curious as we are.

A wonderful summer color is a riverside, bright red Cardinal flower.

Discover CONCORD | 77

Find everything you need this summer - right here in Concord.

Here’s how much of your $100 purchase stays in your community when you spend at . . .



$1 … an independent local store … a local chain store … a remote online store (if the delivery driver resides locally)


Summer 2024

Advertiser Index


37 Bobbi Benson Antiques

74 North Bridge Antiques


7 Anderson Landscape Construction and Horticulture Preservation

1 Appleton Design Group

31 CS Bailey Landscaping

27 Driscoll Contracting

9 The Domus Group

Insert Inkstone Architects

65 Native Interior Design Studio

C3 Platt Builders


80 Minuteman Guitars

39 Three Stones Gallery


49 Barefoot Books

62 Barrow Bookstore

33 The Concord Bookshop

75 Discover Concord


54 Adelita

36 The Cheese Shop

59 Concord Teacakes

5 Concord’s Colonial Inn

54 Debra’s Natural Gourmet

69 Dunkin’

40 Fiorella’s Cucina

55 Vintages

69 West Concord Wine & Spirits

65 Woods Hill Pier 4

26 Woods Hill Table


55 Doe + Fawn

55 Reflections

33 Sara Campbell


37 Concord Museum

59 Concord Players

61 Concord Walking Tours

61 South Bridge Boathouse

45 The Umbrella Arts Center

20 The Wright Tavern


66 Barrett’s Mill Farm

66 Hutchin’s Farm

66 Marshall Farm

26, 67 Verrill Farm

66 The Walden Woods Project Farm

74 Wilson Farm


30 Concord Flower Shop


61 Artisans Way 15, 30 The Bee’s Knees British Imports

69 First Rugs

63 Nesting

74 Patina Green

55 Puck and Abby


63 Artinian Jewelry

33 Fairbank & Perry Goldsmiths

55 Merlin’s Silver Star


5 Concord’s Colonial Inn


59 Camden Writers

33 Cruise Planners

36 Dinardo Vintage

36 Northeast Numismatics

58 Pierre Chiha Photographers

30 Spotless Cleaners


3 The Attias Group

C2 Barrett Sotheby’s Int’l Realty

67 Carleton-Willard Village

C4 Compass Insert Landvest


63 Concord Toy Box

55 Doe + Fawn


21 Concord Visitor Center

Discover CONCORD | 79
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Located in beautiful historic Concord, Massachusetts NEW • PRE-OWNED • COMMISSIONS • BY APPOINTMENT | 617.460.9610 |
Idyllic. Building exquisite spaces since 1992 PLATTBUILDERS.COM | 978.448.9963

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Articles inside

Concord Welcomes Summer

pages 84-85

Concord Trivia

pages 80-81

Arts Around Town

pages 78-79

Artist Spotlight

page 76

The Bounty of the Season

pages 74-75

Tnumarya: A Profile of Mary Moody Emerson

page 72

Finding Margaret Fuller in Concord: A Book Review

page 70

Historic Concord: Plan Your Visit

page 68

The Tale of Concord's Barrow Bookstore

pages 60-61

History Inspires Fashion at The Old Manse

pages 58-59

Lights! Camera! Action! A New Film Stars Concord's Own Ellen Garrison

page 56

Making Nature Accessible for All

pages 54-55

Right as Rail: Take a trip through West Concord on the Bruce Freeman Rail Trail

pages 46-47

A Midnight Stop on the Underground Railroad:

pages 42-43

Thoughtful Places in Concord

pages 36-38

Dining al Fresco in Concord

page 34

Telling Their Stories

page 32

By Any Other Name: The Pseudonyms of Louisa May Alcott

pages 30-31

Exploring Concord in a Morning, a Day, or a Weekend

pages 26-27

A Turning Point at Wright's Tavern

pages 24-25

Celebrating a Historic Connection at the Wright Tavern

page 22

By the Law of Nature Free Born: The Sons of Liberty

pages 20-21

The Concord Minute Men: Honoring the Past

pages 18-19

Simple Steps for a Summertime Tea Party

page 17

Discover Concord Summer 2024

pages 14-16

19 Things To See & Do in Concord This Summer

pages 12-13

It's Our Birthday!

page 4
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