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ISSN 2050-6732 (Print) ISSN 2050-6740 (Online)

Counter-IED Report Winter 2019/20

GLOBAL UNIFICATION OF EOD TRAINING MODULES STRENGTHENING DETECTION AND RESPONSE CAPABILITIES FOR HOMEMADE EXPLOSIVES COUNTERING EXPLOSIVE HAZARDS: LOOKING FOR THE RIGHT TOOLS DOUBLE PBIED ATTACK THWARTED, THE PHILIPPINES BRING THE HELL TO THEM: USE OF ARSON BY THREAT NETWORKS SMALL HAND-HELD INITIATION SYSTEMS (HZG) MEETING THE MOTHER OF ALL HOMEMADE WEAPONIZED DRONES IN LIBYA A QUICK LOOK AT EXPLOSIVES SEARCH DOGS AND CROWD SEARCHING


Rugged. Reliable. TALONÂŽ.

Since 2000, TALON robots have completed more than 80,000 counter-IED missions. Now on its fifth generation, TALON 5 is the first Interoperability Profile (IOP) fielded robotic system that has successfully gone through Army Test and Evaluation Command testing. QinetiQ-NA.com/TALON Robots@QinetiQ-NA.com


REPORT CONTRIBUTORS

Counter-IED Report Published by Delta Business Media Limited 3rd floor, 207 Regent Street London, W1B 3HH United Kingdom

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Š 2020. The entire contents of this publication are protected by copyright. Full details are available from the publisher. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner.

ISSN 2050-6732 (Print) ISSN 2050-6740 (Online)

counteriedreport.com

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CONTENTS

CONTENTS

IFC QINETIQ NORTH AMERICA 4 - 5 GARRETT METAL DETECTORS 7

ICOR TECHNOLOGY

9

NOVO DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY

11

AUNAV BY EVERIS ADS

12 BROKK 13 FOREWORD By Rob Hyde-Bales, Consulting Editor, Counter-IED Report 16

SCHONSTEDT INSTRUMENT COMPANY

17

GLOBAL UNIFICATION OF EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL (EOD) TRAINING MODULES

22

By Eunseo Chung, former Intern with TMAT, United Nations Mine Action Service

23

STRENGTHENING DETECTION AND RESPONSE CAPABILITIES FOR HOMEMADE EXPLOSIVES By Dr. Amanda Fond, Lead Scientist and Program Management Professional for Noblis and Jessica Beckerman, experienced System Engineering and Technical Assistance contractor for Noblis with a background supporting the Department of Defense (DOD) and DHS

6

SETTING UP THE UNITED NATIONS BASE STANDARD FOR ENHANCED TCCS (TROOPS AND POLICE CONTRIBUTORS) CAPACITY AND INTEROPERABILITY OF PEACEKEEPERS

DYNITEC GMBH

COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2019/20


CONTENTS

CONTENTS

29 L-3HARRIS 30 MILITARY ROBOTICS AND AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS 31 36

COUNTERING EXPLOSIVE HAZARDS: LOOKING FOR THE RIGHT TOOLS By Rafael Jiménez Sánchez, Senior EOD Advisor at aunav, by everis ADS

37

DOUBLE PBIED ATTACK THWARTED, THE PHILIPPINES By Chief Superintendent (ret.) Michael Cardash, Terrogence Senior CIED Analyst / Author of Mobius reports

JOINT CIVIL & DoD CBRN SYMPOSIUM AND TECHNOLOGY SHOWCASE

46 47

CBRNE SUMMIT EUROPE 2020

56

ISNR 2020

57

SMALL HAND-HELD INITIATION SYSTEMS (HZG) By DynITEC GmbH

59

EUROSATORY 2020

60

BORDER MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGIES SUMMITS

8

BRING THE HELL TO THEM: USE OF ARSON BY THREAT NETWORKS By Lieutenant Colonel Jose M Rufas, Chief of Attack the Networks Branch, C-IED Centre of Excellence

COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2019/20


CONTENTS

CONTENTS

61

MEETING THE MOTHER OF ALL HOMEMADE WEAPONIZED DRONES IN LIBYA… By Lieutenant Colonel Jose M Rufas, Chief of Attack the Networks Branch, C-IED Centre of Excellence

68

BEHAVIOURAL ANALYSIS 2020

69 82

A QUICK LOOK AT EXPLOSIVES SEARCH DOGS AND CROWD SEARCHING By Jim Vernon (Snr) DESA Projects Manager/Lead IQA (Drugs & Explosives Search Association)

83

PROTECTING PEOPLE AND INFRASTRUCTURE THROUGH PARTNERSHIPS

COUNTER TERROR EXPO 2020 THE UK’S LEADING COUNTER TERROR AND EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS, RESPONSE AND RESILIENCE (EPRR) EVENT

By CTX team

86

FUTURE ARMOURED VEHICLES SITUATIONAL AWARENESS

87

EUROSATORY 2020 - THE GLOBAL DEFENCE AND SECURITY EXHIBITION By Eurosatory team

90

CALL FOR PAPERS - COUNTER-IED REPORT

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FOREWORD

FOREWORD By Rob Hyde-Bales, Consulting Editor, Counter-IED Report

A

s we enter 2020 certain NATO members, mainly the United States, France and to a lesser degree the United Kingdom, remain mired in the legacies of military forays into the Middle East, North Africa and the Sahel. In Iraq the killing of Iran’s most powerful military commander – General Qassem Soleimani head of Iran’s elite Quds Force - by a US airstrike near Baghdad Airport on 3 January marks a major escalation in tensions between Washington and Tehran in an already volatile region. The shooting down of a commercial passenger aircraft on 8 January by Iranian air defence forces was likely fall out from this rising tension. Iraq remains in political stalemate and turmoil that see no end in sight and at the end of 2019 Shiite militias stormed the US embassy in Baghdad – of note the largest embassy in the world. These attacks were stated to be a response to earlier US airstrikes on Iranian backed militias in Iraq and Syria, which in turn were a response to an attack on an Iraqi military base on 27 December that killed a US defence contractor. The longest running conflict is in Afghanistan where the United States still maintains some 13,000 troops, 19 years after entering the country in 2001. On 11 January two more US servicemen were killed by a roadside IED for which the Taliban claimed responsibility. The US Administration has declared its intent to finish “endless wars”, currently as it perceives those in Afghanistan and Syria. The US Presidential Election later this year is likely to

accelerate this process. The complex conflict in Syria now includes external forces from Russia, Turkey and the US – the latter two nations as NATO members have very differing views on the issue of the Kurds in Syria, who supported the US during the war against ISIS in Syria. Turkey has a long running and bitter dispute with the Kurds – that include elements that Turkey has long regarded as terrorists. The situation is further complicated by the combined operations of Russia and Turkey along the border between Syria and Turkey. Libya remains plagued by a long running civil war. The internationally recognised government in Tripoli has now formally requested from Turkey the presence of “air, ground and sea” military support to defeat an offensive by eastern forces to take Tripoli. Turkey’s President Erdogan has said that Turkey will send troops to Libya at the request of Tripoli as early as this month. Elsewhere in Africa the long running Islamist jihadist insurgencies in the Sahel, specifically Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Niger and Northern Nigeria continue unabated despite the efforts primarily of France together with other nations to counter these insurgencies. In all these conflicts during the past two decades the Improvised Explosive Device (IED) has been and continues to be employed by insurgents and terrorists alike to deadly effect. Indeed, it has been the defining component throughout these conflicts. It was during the 2003 Iraq War that the Western Coalition first counteriedreport.com

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FOREWORD

encountered the IED, though member states, notably the UK and the US had dealt with them in Vietnam and Northern Ireland respectively during the second half of the last century. In the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq the IED was the major cause of both military fatalities and life changing injuries and caused untold suffering to the civilian populations. In his instructive article retired Colonel Rafael Jimenez Sanchez, EOD advisor for aunav robots of everis Aerospace Defence and Security examines the crucial requirement for the appropriate equipment to neutralise explosive hazards. He highlights the clearance of subsurface land mines and IEDs. He describes a handheld plastic implement specifically designed for demining that comprises a trowel, ripper and prodder. He emphasises the necessity to approach the subsurface land mine using horizontal excavation and not from above in order to prevent contact with the pressure plate. Whenever possible and appropriate to the surroundings, the favoured method of explosive hazard neutralisation is the stand off method using remotely controlled robotic vehicles and robotic arms. It is always preferable to employ a robot rather than human action to undertake hazardous tasks. He illustrates various aunav counter-IED types of equipment He concludes by pointing out that the best path to success is achieved by learning from failures and that successful counterIED results from Lessons Learned and human network analysis. Dr Amanda Fond and Jessica Beckerman of Noblis in their highly informative paper examine the threat posed by Homemade Explosives (HMEs) today and ways in which the US Department of Homeland Security is working to counter this threat – a threat 14 COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2019-20

described by DHS as “persistent and dynamic”. They describe the use of HMEs by insurgents, terrorists and criminals over the past 25 years on mainland US and Europe. In response to this threat DHS has developed a Homemade Explosives Identification, Detection and Mitigation (HEID&M) Programme. These three elements form the basis of US efforts to counter the threat posed by HMEs. Identification seeks to validate the threat based on risk assessment methodologies and intelligence. The Detection strand examines current detection capabilities and their ability to locate HMEs. The authors draw an interesting analogy between the production of HMEs and that of homemade cookies to explain the complexity of characterising emerging explosives and the manifold variations in homemade cookies dependent on ingredients and recipes. Mitigation seeks to protect against current and evolving threats posed by HMEs. Such threats are dynamic and counter measures must remain agile, proactive and well informed and the HEID&M Programme seeks to Identify, Detect and Mitigate the continuing threats posed by HMEs. In her article Eunseo Jane Chung of Columbia University and formerly at UNMAS articulates very clearly the critical need for synchronised EOD and IEDD training material. With this in mind UNMAS, in participation with the Integrated Training Service has developed a standardised curriculum that is tailorable for individual nations with their differing technologies and equipment. An excellent example of this is in Mali where the UN Stabilisation Mission MINUSMA has adopted the UN training package and it has become their model within its country specific training programme. The process is iterative and feedback


FOREWORD

from the nations is a critical element of the continual refinement of the UN EOD/IEDD training courses. The training curriculum is specifically focused on Troop and Police Contributing Countries supporting the UN missions to train individuals and teams tasked with the disposal of land mines, ERW and IEDs. The training courses are incremental and train the various CMD and IEDD competency levels for individuals. Training is also provided for IEDD Teams – at the basic, intermediate and advanced levels. In his thought-provoking article Lt Col Jose M Rufas of the NATO Counter-IED Centre in Madrid examines the background to the use of arson by terrorists and insurgents to achieve their aims. Of note, authorities in Australia have pointed out that some of the recent apocalyptic bush and forest fires in Australia have been ignited by arsonists. The author notes that fire resulting from the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the Twin Towers in Washington was the main cause of the almost 3000 deaths from the attacks. He illustrates numerous Islamist propaganda publications – one calling for the use of fire “to burn the houses of the infidels and their cities as they bombed our cities”. He describes how in 2018, Palestinians delivered aerial incendiary devices across the border into Israel in attempts to destroy Israeli farm crops. Whilst recognising the massive degree of damage caused by the bush and forest fires in California and more particularly in Southern and Eastern Australia, the author points out that to date it is likely that the terrorists and insurgents do not consider that arson attacks have the same propaganda value or result in the same amount of deaths as, for example, an IED. But recent events in Australia and California may alter this standpoint. ■

Rob Hyde-Bales biography During his career in the UK Royal Engineers, Rob Hyde-Bales was responsible for landmine clearance in Libya and, more latterly, Afghanistan in the running of the first United Nations humanitarian landmine clearance training programme – Operation Salam. The programme trained Afghan male refugees in landmine clearance techniques, and Afghan women and children in mine awareness and avoidance training. More recently he set up the Caribbean Search Centre in Kingston, Jamaica. The Centre is designed to train security forces across the Caribbean in modern search techniques. After retiring from the army he joined Cranfield University at Shrivenham, near Oxford, and undertook a research project on behalf of the UK Ministry of Defence that examined ways to improve the sharing of IED threat information between the military and civilian organisations in hazardous areas. counteriedreport.com

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CALL FOR PAPERS COUNTER-IED REPORT

Counter-IED Report editorial team would like to invite government bodies, army personnel, researchers, industry experts to contribute their articles, case studies, white papers to the report. We are looking for theoretical and practice based non-promotional editorial contributions.* Spring/Summer 2020 edition deadlines: Abstract submission: 25 February 2020 Full article submission deadline: 6 April 2020 Autumn 2020 edition deadlines: Abstract submission: 30 June 2020 Full article submission deadline: 9 September 2020 Winter 2020/21 edition deadlines: Abstract submission: 2 November 2020 Full article submission deadline: 10 December 2020

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All enquiries and articles should be submitted by email to: editorial@deltabusinessmedia.com *Fees apply for publication of articles submitted by commercial and for-profit organisations. All articles are subject to editor’s approval.

22 COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2019/20


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Counter-IED Report Winter 2019-20 - preview edition  

Counter-IED Report is a leading international subscription-based publication, which covers the latest developments in the fight against the...

Counter-IED Report Winter 2019-20 - preview edition  

Counter-IED Report is a leading international subscription-based publication, which covers the latest developments in the fight against the...

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