Page 1

ORGANIZATION

Amor Fatma Athens_UrbanStrategies_Lapa2010 BenDi Capua Davide

Ferrari Marco Tan Christopher Vrang Gustav Ya n g S i z h o u


layered city

polarized city

undefined city


layered city


1st degree of divisions Uncoherent subdivisions

layered city undefined city kallikratis

www.comersis.com

polarized city

Mont Athos South Eagean North Eagean Ioninan Island Central Greece West Macedonia Epirus East Macedonia and Thrace Crete West Greece Peloponese Central Macedonia Thessaly Attica


2nd degree of devision

layered city polarized city undefined city

Anastasia Paschou, Urban block in post war Athens, 2008, ETHZ

kallikratis

West Attica East Attica Piraeus Athens


Intermediate degree between the periphery and the prefecture Intersection between two prefectures

layered city polarized city undefined city kallikratis

Super-Prefecture of Athens-Piraeus Anastasia Paschou, Urban block in post war Athens, 2008, ETHZ


Urban foot print

layered city polarized city undefined city kallikratis

Metropolitan Area of Athens Anastasia Paschou, Urban block in post war Athens, 2008, ETHZ


Third degree of devisions

layered city polarized city undefined city kallikratis

Municipality of Athens Anastasia Paschou, Urban block in post war Athens, 2008, ETHZ


Informal neighbourhoods vs districts Boundaries according to people and administration

layered city polarized city

+

=

boundaries according to administration

undefined city

boundaries according to people

kallikratis


Overlapped layers

Attica VS. Unity

Prefectures VS. Super-Prefecture

Urban Footprint VS. Prefecture

layered city

Municipality VS. Neighboroods

27 km

polarized city

t

Problematic layers

21 km

undefined city

151 km

kallikratis

lity ds

rou

e

tur

e

tur

ec

ref

bo

igh

Ne

t

fec

r-P

rin

otp

Fo

ipa

an

nic

Mu

Urb

e

pe

Pre

tur

fec

Pre Su


Greece from Greek “peripheria”: circumference, outer space

The official and the informal

Periphery Prefecture

layered city

“PROVINCES” in France abolished in 1790 in order to eradicate local loyalties and became “DEPARTEMENT”

Terminology

but some are also included into

SUPER-PREFECTURES polarized city

Municipality

http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=periphery&searchmode=none

kallikratis

What is the “CITY OF ATHENS”?

VS. “NEIGHBORHOODS”

undefined city

District


Administrative layers

layered city

Prefect Mayor

Mayor District chairman

undefined city

Secretary of Region Super-prefect Prefect

polarized city

Prime minister Secretary of Region

kallikratis


Political system

Hierarchy of decisions trough the greek political system

ICIPALIT

Y

S N IO NS IO

ICA T

APPL ICA T APPL

D EC ISI

NS

undefined city

O

T IC

D IS T R

polarized city

N U M

layered city

EECE OF GR T EN M RN E OF ATTICA OV Y R E G PH I RR E P CTURE OF ATH E F EN E R S P

CONSUL

APPLIC AT

IO AT

http://www.cityofathens.gr/en http://nom-athinas.gov.gr/main/

N

kallikratis

NS IO


Urban regulations

The urban regulations is one of the preocupation of the 1st level of governance

layered city

national level

- Plans for land use activity

Le droit de l'urbanisme en Grèce, Evangelia Koutoupa-Rgegakos, 2005 Projet urbain et Jeux olympiques :Le cas d’Athènes 2004, Adeline Henry, 2005

kallikratis

Ministry of Agricultural development Ministry of Industry Ministry of Culture

undefined city

- Urban planning schemes - Statutory town plans - Housing plans

polarized city

Ministry of Environment, Spatial Planning and Public Works


Urban regulations

The urban regulations is one of the preocupation of the 2nd level of governance

layered city

regional level

undefined city

- Execution of urban plans - Regulatory schemes - Urban planning (rules of occupations) - Try to be useful

polarized city

Region

kallikratis

Le droit de l'urbanisme en Grèce, Evangelia Koutoupa-Rgegakos, 2005 Projet urbain et Jeux olympiques :Le cas d’Athènes 2004, Adeline Henry, 2005


Urban regulations

The urban regulations is one of the preocupation of the 3nd level of governance

layered city

local level

Municipalities

Le droit de l'urbanisme en Grèce, Evangelia Koutoupa-Rgegakos, 2005 Projet urbain et Jeux olympiques :Le cas d’Athènes 2004, Adeline Henry, 2005

kallikratis

- Planning and urban studies - Consultative - Deliver construction permits

undefined city

- Plannning and urban studies - Specific mix planning schemes - Consultative - Deliver consruction permits

polarized city

Prefectures


Urban regulations

The urban regulations is planned on three different administrative level

layered city

3 layers

polarized city kallikratis

Le droit de l'urbanisme en Grèce, Evangelia Koutoupa-Rgegakos, 2005 Projet urbain et Jeux olympiques :Le cas d’Athènes 2004, Adeline Henry, 2005

undefined city

Who is in charge of what?


polarized city


karamanlis

Political families ruling Greece Papandreou & Karamanlis

layered city polarized city kallikratis

papandreou

undefined city

2010

2007

2004

1993

1990

1985

1981

1977

1974

Sources: Georges Prévélakis, Gèopolitique del la Grèce, Editions Complexe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Prime_Ministers_of_Greece http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_heads_of_state_of_Greece


Electoral system for Greece Citizens of Greece pop. 11 000 000 Election Election

layered city

Municipalities

Election

Parliament polarized city

Prefectures

President

cityofathens.gr

Government

kallikratis

Peripheries

undefined city

Prime Minister


Local elections for metropolitan area Super-prefect

Metropolitan population pop. 4 015 000

unified association of municipalities of the Attica Region

undefined city

ESDKNA

polarized city

72 Committees 72 Mayors

layered city

Election

kallikratis

Sources


Local elections for Athens municipality Municipality of Athens layered city

pop. 745 000 Election

polarized city

Municipal Committee

7 District councils

undefined city

Mayor of Athens Deputy mayors Citizen service cityofathens.gr

Finance

Security Commercial establishment

Greenery

International relations

Urban Planning

Environment

kallikratis

Equality and social integration


Districts

Each City District is above all responsible for the management of all local matters and citizens may seek assistance from their City District Council on matters concerning :

Responsibilies

2 Permanent residence certificates

4 Management of voting rolls

http://www.cityofathens.gr/

3

7

1 2

kallikratis

6 Registration of children and Senior Citizens for City of Athens camp stays

4

undefined city

5 Citizens' written complaints and provision for cleanliness, greenery, road maintenance, lighting, town planning, schools, cultural environment etc.

6

polarized city

3 Verification of duplicates and certification of signatures

layered city

5

1 Municipal rolls (issuance of birth, marital status and naturalisation certificates)


Athens vs. Greek GDP

undefined city kallikratis

http://financial.kathimerini.gr/?page=news_home_details&new_id=13574

33.67% of Greek GDP

polarized city

Athens GDP : $133.809 Billion

Athens

layered city

Greece GDP: $355.88 Billion


State funded regions and municipalities

layered city

http://www.athensinfoguide.com/businesstaxationsystem.htmยง

kallikratis

15-40% INCOME TAXES

MUNICIPAL

undefined city

REGIONAL

polarized city

STATE


Polarization of the population Popilation density

Population of the Metropolitan Area of Athens

Population of Greece

polarized city

11 M

layered city

4M

undefined city

inhabitants per km2 inhabitants per km2 inhabitants per km2 inhabitants per km2 inhabitants per km2 inhabitants per km2

Michel Sivignon, Atlas de la Grèce, 2003

kallikratis

< 60 5234 10 468 15 702 20 936 26 170


Living density in the metropolitan area

layered city polarized city

100 < 150 inh/Ha

undefined city

D > 150 inh/Ha

50 < D < 100 inh/Ha

D < 20 inh/Ha

Sources: http: Anastasia Paschou, Urban block in post-war Athens, development, form and social context

kallikratis

20 < D < 50 inh/Ha


Municipalities in Athenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Prefecture 6.450 km2

10.050 km2

9.250 km2

8.517 km2

12.724 km2

4.831 km2

4.332 km2

25.937 km2

3.230 km2

3.906 km2

13.093 km2

0.800 km2

4.407km2

2.465 km2

2.850 km2

7.967 km2

4.749 km2

4.574 km2

3.524 km2

4.026 km2

7.127 km2

2.325 km2

8.228 km2

9.204 km2

7.841 km2

4.949 km2

2.301 km2

32.957 km2

1.000 km2

9.629 km2

3.950 km2

3.375 km2

29.498 km2

5.502 km2

5.950 km2

1.950 km2

2.176 km2

5.909 km2

2.125 km2

1.375 km2

3.856 km2

4.652 km2

22.655 km2

0.975 km2

polarized city

6.800 km2

layered city

38.964 km2

25.366 km2

undefined city kallikratis


1912

before Capodistria

layered city polarized city undefined city kallikratis

Atlas de la Grèce, Michel Sivignon, éd. CNRS-Libergéo-La Documentation Francaise


1997

after Capodistria

layered city polarized city undefined city kallikratis

Atlas de la Grèce, Michel Sivignon, éd. CNRS-Libergéo-La Documentation Francaise


National laws on the built environment

layered city polarized city undefined city kallikratis

http://www.hri.org/MFA/syntagma/


Urban regulation

Urban plannning is governing by the 1st level of power

l representation a c i t i l o p

technical support

polarized city

strative support admini

financial suppor ORSA

Region

Prefecture

Municipatilty

kallikratis

Metropolitan Athens, Elias Beriatos, 40th IsoCarp Congress, 2004

undefined city

Government

layered city

Monopolisation of the gorvernment authority of urban regulation


Planning decisons The state rules urbanism

Prefectures District

undefined city

Municipality

polarized city

Region

layered city

State

kallikratis


undefined city


Athens multiple identities happy birthday gustav

layered city

1917-1944

1944-1975

1975-1995

polarized city

Jusquâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ă 1917

undefined city kallikratis

Michel Sivignon, Atlas de la Grèce, 2003


Rapid growth

layered city

Metropolitan area 4 015 000

polarized city undefined city

1850

Beck, Leve. “L’interface entre terre et mer”. 2008. EPFL Sources

1900

1950

2000

kallikratis

City of Athens 745 000


Sprawling Athens Over-flowing City

layered city polarized city

undefined city

kallikratis

Sources


Athens beginning on the 20th century

Paschou Anastasia,â&#x20AC;&#x153;Urban Block in Post war Athensâ&#x20AC;?, 2008, ETHZ

layered city


Athens beginning of the 21st century

Paschou Anastasia,“Urban Block in Post war Athens”, 2008, ETHZ

layered city


Unlocalized building permits Building Permits alocated based upon building typology

airp ort

layered city

lan dm ark

>25 00 m続

polarized city

far m

undefined city kallikratis

Sources: http://www.poleodomia.gov.gr/

arc site haelo gic al


Lack of references

LEGAL

393 ILLEGAL

polarized city

of illegal constructions

undefined city kallikratis

11% “Urdan block in Post-War Athens development, from and social context”, thesis by Anastasia Paschou, p280

layered city

3’838

C onstruction 1991 - 2001


Lack of relations

R E G E C F E O T N E M N R Prime Minister E V O Cabinet of Greece

Department of planning and development Department of forestry

Regional general directorate Council of State

General secretary

Secretary of general logistics

A P L I I C T I Y N U M Mayor Department PSEA City Council

SI TRICT

General directorate for economic development

Department of Elementary and Historical Archives

KEP

OAKP

kallikratis

http://www.cityofathens.gr/

Department of immigration and immigration

General directorate of infrstructure and environmental protection

S

President

of life

D

Department PSEA

O E F R A U T T H C ENS E F E Secretary of quality

undefined city

Ministry for agricultural development and food

Department of civil protection

polarized city

Ministry of Environment, Spatial planning and Public works

T A H E F N O S Y R E H P I Election office R E PR

Ministry of national defence

P

Greek Parliament

LINKS ? layered city

G

Political levels relations


kallikrates


Decentralization and Kallikrates Kallikrates: the end of a political period?

METAPOLITEUSIS DECENTRALIZATION

PRIME MINISTER K.KARAMANLIS

layered city

2010 2009

2004

PAPANDREOU DIES KARAMANLIS QUITS POLITICS

1999

1997 1996

1994

1981

1974

MEMBER OF EU

END OF DICTATURE

PRIME MINISTER G. PAPANDREOU polarized city

DECENTRALIZATION

KALLIKRATES REFORM

undefined city

2010

2009

kallikratis

KAPODISTRIAS REFORM reduce administrative entities, eliminate clientelism municipalities: 441 900 communities: 5.382 132 small entities: less but larger

2004

Sources: Maria C. Kapsi, Recent administrative reforms in Greece: attempts towards decentralization, democratic consolidation and efficiency.

1999

1997

1996

1994

LAW 2218 PRESIDENTIAL Territory divided in 13 regions DECREES Creation of prefectures 250 competencies transferred from state towards prefectures


Kallikrates

The main changes of the system after Kallikrates reform

Simplification

New repartition

STATE

REGION & MUNICIPALITY

layered city

MUNICIPALITIES: 1.034 PREFECTURES: 57 REGIONS: 13 MEMBERS OF MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION: 60.000

Transfer of power

polarized city

www.enet.gr

STATE

REGION & MUNICIPALITY + committee along side the municipality (OMNUSBAN)

kallikratis

State Region/municipalites Administration

undefined city

MUNICIPALITIES: 325 REGIONS: 13 CENTRAL ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITIES: 7 MEMBERS OF MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION: 20.000


New regional divisions Kallikratis reforme 2010

layered city polarized city undefined city kallikratis

http://oikoinfo.wordpress.com/2010/08/09/καλλικράτης-με-χρίσματα-γίνεται/


Strategy

delayer the city

depolarize the city

define the city


Issues

What should be considered for any political strategy

COUNTRY delayere the city

-Centralized power -Citizens are not represented at each political level (the don’t vote for the election at periphery level)

depolarize the city

METROPOLITAN AREA

Sources:

define the city

-Coexistence of regions with different identities and morphologies -The political structure doesn’t really recognize the metropolitan city as a unique entity -Lack of control on planning (from urban to metropolitan level) -To many small municipalities -Metropolitan citizens don’t have a real influence on metropolitan politics -People don’t accept politicians due to a lack of democratic legitimacy


Metropolitan Region of Athens

delayere the city

depolarize the city

define the city


New Municipalities

Taking in consideration the urban footprint and the topography

delayere the city

"#



  

   

   

   #   !

  

' !

 

 

.  



 

)*!+,*!

-! 

 

+ 

  $%%&' %'& %(

 

, 



&   *'  % &'    (   )   % '

depolarize the city



  

ď&#x20AC; ď&#x20AC;&#x201A;ď&#x20AC;&#x192;    

 !

    

" 

   

" 

define the city

$  #


Divisions of the municipality of Athens

delayere the city depolarize the city

100 < 150 inh/Ha 50 < D < 100 inh/Ha 20 < D < 50 inh/Ha D < 20 inh/Ha

Sources: http: Anastasia Paschou, Urban block in post-war Athens, development, form and social context

define the city

D > 150 inh/Ha


Athens Metropolitan Region compared Marseille Provence Metropole

delayere the city depolarize the city define the city

Sources:

Athens Metropolitan Region

Marseille Provence Metropole

Population: 4,013,368 Area: 2928.7 km2

Population: 4,013,368 Area: 607.45 km2


Athens Metropolitan Region compared Madrid Metropolitan Area

delayere the city depolarize the city define the city

Sources:

Athens Metropolitan Region

Madrid Metropolitan Area

Population: 4,013,368 Area: 2928.7 km2

Population: 5,843,031 Area: 4609.7 km2


Athens Metropolitan Region compared Berlin Metropolitan Area

delayere the city depolarize the city define the city

Sources:

Athens Metropolitan Region

Berlin Metropolitan Area

Population: 4,013,368 Area: 3808 km2

Population: 4,429,847 Area: 5,730 km2


delayere the city

depolarize the city

define the city


delayere the city

depolarize the city

define the city

depolarize the city


Creation of a metropolitan democracy

define the city

Sources

depolarize the city

A political entity with unquestionnable and citywide political legitimacy

delayere the city

Enlarge the electoral division to include all citizens


Municipality of Athens pop 745 000

Equality and social integration Citizen service

Sources

Finance

Security Commercial establishment

Greenery

ESDKNA

unified association of municipalities of the Attica Region International relations

Urban Planning

Environment

Super-prefect

define the city

Mayor of Athens Deputy mayors

72 Committees 72 Mayors

depolarize the city

7 District councils

pop 3 500 000

delayere the city

Municipal Committee

Electoral system of Metropolitan region Municipalities of Metro region


New electoral system of Athens Metropolitan region of Athens pop 4 015 000

International relations

+ Sources

Mayor of Athens

District mayor

- Handles local civil matters -Suggests and advises depart-

Departments

Equality and Citizen service Security Environment social integration metropolitan Immigration Infrastructure governance

Greenery

Commercial establishment

define the city

Finance

Urban Planning

District councils

depolarize the city

Gas, IT, Insurance, Sustainable development, Park maintenance, Tourism, Sport...

Commitee of Athens metropolitan region

delayere the city

Municipal enterprises


Seperated State and Regional taxes 9-24%

MUNICIPAL

depolarize the city

REGIONAL

delayere the city

6-16%

STATE

define the city

15-40% TAXES Sources:


delayere the city

depolarize the city

define the city


delayere the city

depolarize the city

define the city

define the city


Region dominating urban planning structure -Building permits -Housing

delayere the city

L A ON L A C

-General visions -National Transportation (Railways, Airports, National Highways) -International affairs - Borders

depolarize the city

LO

STA T REG I

E

define the city

Regional master plansZoning plans (Industrial, Commercial, Residential, Agriculture) Public transportation-


delayere the city

depolarize the city

define the city


Defining the roles

Deparments

Developping the policies

Municipal enterprise

Athenians Sources

define the city

Districts

Carrying them out

depolarize the city

Metropolitan council

Legitimizing them democratically

delayere the city

Tax (trust)


Shorter bureaucracy

Deparment for Urban Planning delayere the city

Directives

Decision Developper

define the city

Districts

depolarize the city

Metropolitan council

Application for building permit


Before and after

define the city

Extreme territorial fragmentation Unified metropolitan area > defined governance > birth of metropoltan politics

depolarize the city

Malfunctioning administration generates low public support â&#x20AC;&#x153;Shortâ&#x20AC;? system and clear roles > efficiancy > growing support

delayere the city

Much of corruption is caused by slow bureaucracy Clear directives > faster bureaucracy > less corruption


delayer the city

depolarize the city

define the city

LAPA URBAN STRATEGY ORGANISATION  

This the urban strategy for the topic of organisation for he urban constitution of athens

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you